IB Biology

Topic 3 Revision
Standard and Higher Level

Topics:
3.1Chemical elements and water
3.2 Carbohydrates, lipids and proteins
3.3 DNA structure
3.4 DNA replication
3.5 Transcription andtranslation
3.6 Enzymes

Which of the following is the most soluble in water? A. Olive oil B.’ (5) …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………… 2. Explain the signficance of water and its properties to living organisms (6) …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………… 3. using the ‘lock-and-key model. (a) Define Enzyme (3) …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………… (b) Describe enzyme activity.1. Glycogen .

An amino acid D.C. Cellulose 4. Glycerol B. A fatty acid 5 6. Glucose D. what would be the corresponding anticodon on the tRNA molecule? A. CAT B. GUA . What molecule does the following structure represent? A. Glucose C. If mRNA has a codon CAU.

GTA 7. . Carbon dioxide C. Calcium carbonate B. CAU D. Which of the following is an organic compound? A.C. Water 8. Glucose D.

. . . . uracil B.... Function . . ... . . . deoxyribose. . . . . . . . .. deoxyribose. . ... . ... . . . .. . (a) Iron: [2] Molecule . .. . . .. . .... . . . For each element below. . .. ... . . . Uracil. . . . .. . . ... phosphorus D. . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . Phosphate. .. . .. Phosphorus.. state the name of one molecule containing the element and state the function of the molecule. .. ...... . . . . .. . . . .. . . ribose. . .. Guanosine.. .. . .. . . . . . ... . Which group of three molecules makes up one RNA nucleotide? A. phosphate 11.. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . .. . . . . ... . . ribose. . adenine C. . . .9. . . 10. Function ... ... (b) Phosphorus: [2] Molecule . . . . . . . . .. .. . . ... . .. .. . . .... . .. . .. .. . ... Many elements are necessary to form biochemicals required by living organisms. . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . ... . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .

. (3) Property Glucose Starch Lipids A source of energy A polysaccaride A main food store in some seeds b..... If the property is a characteristic featured of the compound........... a. When a disaccaride is formed...... The table below compares the properties of organic componds.............. mark the appropriate box or boxes with a tick............. what is released? (1) ... 12.......

possible for organisms to live on the surface of water (despite being denser). easier to maintain constant body temperature. used in hydrostatic skeletons / amniotic fluid / turgid plant cells. xylem transport / transpiration stream based on cohesion. water is liquid at most temperatures on Earth. water heats up and cools down slowly. many substances dissolved / many reactions take place in cytoplasm. temperature of ponds / rivers / sea is (relatively) stable. water is a habitat for many organisms. water molecules form hydrogen bonds with each other. high latent heat of vaporisation / (words to that effect).Revision Packet Unit 2 Answer Key: Question 1 Question 2 good solvent / most substance dissolve in it. . water used as a coolant in sweating / transpiration. light passes though the leaf to the chloroplasts / the eye to reach the retina. high specific heat capacity / (words to that effect). surface tension of water. water is incompressible. water is transparent. can be used as a transport medium as in blood / xylem / phloem. water molecules are cohesive.

cytochromes / ferredoxin.B 7. genetic (hereditary) material. [2 max] P examples: ATP / ADP.C 4.A 9.3.C 8. [2 max] Fe examples: haemoglobin. myoglobin. electron carrier. (do not accept avoids anaemia) (b) name of molecule. store of oxygen in muscle.B 6. transports oxygen (in the blood).A Question 11 (a) name of molecule. energy storage and release. water Lipids x x x . function of molecule. function of molecule. DNA / RNA / nucleotides. phospholipid structural component of membrane Question 12 Property Glucose A source of x energy A polysaccaride Starch x A main food store in some seeds x b.A 10.A 5.

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