. KPP 02 : PRACTICAL AT CIRCUIT TOPIC CONTENTS Possible Introduction: In Malaysia, small motorcycles account for more than 68%

of all traffic accidents. Approximately 3,000 motorcyclists are killed each year and 30,000 injured. The following steps will show you how to drive safely and responsibly so that you can keep yourself, your motorcycle and the people around you safe. 1. Inspecting the motorcycle before traveling. This first section concerns the Practical (Exam?) At The Circuit. It’s important that you conduct a pre-trip inspection on the motorcycle that you are going to ride. Before starting up your motorcycle, inspect the following basic components:  Petrol and tank cover  Engine oil  Tyres  Chain  Break  Battery  Clutch  Both front and rear lamps  Signal Lamp  Horn  And Side mirror Don’t forget to remove any additional safety locks and chains. PLEASE ADD ANY SPECIFIC DETAILS CONCERNING THE ABOVE 2. Switching the engine on and off There are several steps you must take before starting up and switching off the engine. 1. Before starting up the engine, make sure that the fuel tap is on. Then put the motorcycle into neutral or free gear. Next, use your hand and foot to ensure the brake is functioning. In cool weather, you will need to use the choke. Then, switch on the engine. With certain models, you will need to step on the brake at the same time. Twist the throttle and listen for the correct engine ignition sound. Finally, check that all indicators

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Then you may switch off the engine by turning the key to the off mode. In case of an emergency. using the proper methods to brake. extinguishing the flames should be a priority. the high beam. grip the clutch. inspecting your motorcycle before riding. the engine oil pressure lamp. assistance. the left & right signal lamps. Using the brake. This means using your safety devices while riding. Make sure that you are familiar with the entire instrument panel which comprises several components. clutch and throttle You must become familiar with the correct brake. Before switching off the engine. 2 . simply make sure your motorcycle is in the correct gear. a jack can be used. put the motorcycle into neutral or free gear and make sure the fuel tap is off. or ABS lamp. switching the engine on and off properly. If safety devices are not available. The front brake is always squeezed smoothly with your right hand to activate the front disc brake and the rear drum brake. which measures the amount of available petrol. 4. Practice gripping the clutch firmly with the left hand and twisting the throttle with the correct technique. The speedometer measures the motorcycle’s speed while the tachometer measures the engine speed in rpm or revolutions per minute. Make sure you know all of the warning lamps including the neutral mode light. clutch and throttle techniques. put your motorcycle into the correct gear with the correct gear changing methods. Identifying the instrument panel 5. In case of fire. The odometer measures the distance the motorcycle has covered overall and the trip meter tells you your current distance.and meters are functioning. engine temperature lamp and finally the anti-lock braking system. 3. Emergency This second section concerns Emergency Assistance. 2. which switches the engine on and off and the petrol leveler. survey the area and identify the crime or accident before you take any action. Using the gears If your motorcycle has automatic gears. Always position your feet correctly while changing gears. Safety routines It is important that you become familiar with all motorcycle safety routines. Use any available safety such as the life hammer to free trapped people. They are the ignition switch. and change gears and finally understanding all components of the instrument panel EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE 1. If your motorcycle has manual gears. 6. twist the throttle.

checking for bleeding using the DIE technique. you must stand on the motorcycle’s left side. It is very important to look in the direction you are headed toward. knees and feet in their correct positions and release the stand. ensure that road conditions are safe and choose the safest place to stop. you can be of service by guiding victims and passers-by to keep the area of the incident safe. again. Reduce your speed to 5 to 10 km/h. Only then should you switch off the engine. use the proper techniques for either a double or single stand. you can assist in treating an injured person by performing CPR if necessary. Again. first balance your body. While waiting for help. stopping and standing your To move the motorcycle. make sure the gear is in neutral position. elbows. including paralysis. Moving the motorcycle forward or backward while it is switched off 1. If you ride along a narrow bridge. Hold the handle bar with your left hand and the seat hanger with your right hand. Then switch off the engine. balance your body and motorcycle. If help doesn’t arrive. stand on the left side. 2. Ensure that road conditions are safe before moving. (You should avoid moving anyone seriously injured as this can cause greater damage.You may need to call for help and so you should have available several emergency contact numbers. This third section shows you how to control your vehicle. If you want to move the motorcycle backward while it is not running.) VEHICLE CONTROLLING 1. To stop your motorcycle. Then twist the throttle and squeeze the brake correctly. Remain seated motorcycle with your hands. always keep your right hand ready to brake and then carefully swerve the motorcycle to the left. Keep your body and motorcycle balanced and then twist the throttle and squeeze the brake correctly. and check for the possibility of broken or cracked bones. Making a figure-eight rotation 4. Gripping both handle bars. To move your motorcycle forward while it is not running. Always keep your right hand ready to brake and carefully swerve the motorcycle to the left. Moving. Making a figure-8 rotation requires concentration. Use a suitable gear. Use the correct brake and holding your left foot down. To stand your motorcycle. Riding along a narrow bridge 3 . Remember to communicate calmly and clearly describing only the key points of the incident. make sure the motorcycle comes to a full stop. first put the motorcycle in a low gear. Only when the gear is in the neutral position should you switch off the engine.

balance your body and motorcycle and then twist the throttle and squeeze the brake correctly. Braking Riding between slalom poles also requires that you put the motorcycle in a low gear. Then. Whether the junction is controlled by traffic signals. 6. Giving lamp and hand signals. Riding along a On a straight road. Make sure to balance your body and motorcycle. Turning at a junction also requires certain steps for your safety and as a courtesy to other vehicles sharing the road. or uncontrolled you will need to slow and stop the motorcycle if required. make sure you do not go over the stoppage position. control the clutch. Use a suitable gear and keep your motorcycle’s position controlled and your speed consistent. There are different techniques of stopping depending on the speed of the stop. however. Both hand and lamp signals must be given at the 10. keep your motorcycle in unbalanced surface a low gear. Riding between slalom poles. Then. Then. give way to passing cars. Give both lamp and hand signals if you are turning. Give both lamp and hand signals if you are turning. I HAVE COMBINED PARAGRAPHS FOR CONTROLLED AND NORMAL (UNCONTROLLED) JUNCTIONS AS INTRUCTIONS ARE IDENTICAL. Riding through a Approaching a junction also requires certain steps for your safety junction and as a courtesy to other vehicles sharing the road. Junction concerning 11. Whether the junction is controlled by traffic signals. I HAVE COMBINED PARAGRAPHS FOR CONTROLLED AND NORMAL (UNCONTROLLED) JUNCTIONS AS INTRUCTIONS ARE IDENTICAL. Riding on If you are riding on an unbalanced surface. As with the figure-8 rotation. If there are no traffic signals. with your body and motorcycle balanced. To stop gradually. brake and throttle and keep your speed at 5 – 10 km/h. use front and rear brakes and engine brake correctly. make sure you do not go over the stoppage position. 8. 9. Always think before giving a signal and make sure you give the correct signal. Again. you also need to balance your body and straight road motorcycle. keep your eyes in the direction you are headed towards. you must quickly evaluate the weather conditions.5. 7. Always reduce your speed to 3040 km/h before braking. 4 . When stopping. while controlling the motorcycle’s position prepared to follow the traffic light signal. while controlling the motorcycle’s position prepared to follow the traffic light signal. or uncontrolled you will need to slow and stop the motorcycle if required. Balancing your body and motorcycle. When making an emergency stop. use front and rear brakes correctly. When stopping. This is not only for your safety but is also a courtesy to vehicles you are sharing the road with.

Be confident in 3. Be familiar with all safety routines. first understand the situation ahead of you. Know how to read the instrument panel and how to switch the engine on and off correctly. Be confident in all braking. Safety routines before riding Be familiar with all safety routines. Riding at corner right time and the right distance before the turn. With your body balanced. identify its proportions before you get there. Keep signaling for at least 5 to 10 seconds and don’t forget to switch off your signal after moving. How wide is the corner and how much room do you have to make the turn? Get into the correct lane well in advance. If you need to make a U-turn. inspect the following basic components:  Petrol and tank cover  Engine oil  Tyres  Chain  Break  Battery  Clutch  Both front and rear lamps  Signal Lamp  Horn  And Side mirror Don’t forget to remove any additional safety locks and chains. To brake in an emergency situation.Inspecting the motorcycle before traveling 2. When you are riding toward a corner. check that road conditions are safe first. Be aware of the road conditions. reduce your speed and put your motorcycle into a suitable gear. This forth section concerns the Practical (Exam?) On The Road It’s important that you conduct a pre-trip inspection on the motorcycle that you are going to ride. such as how to use safety devices. Starting safety movement 5 . signal. before you ride. use a suitable gear and speed to make the turn. and don’t forget to inspect your motorcycle before you ride. Then keeping your body and motorcycle balanced stop carefully. Make sure to keep balanced while making the u-turn. Know how to read the instrument panel and how to switch the engine on and off correctly. Braking during emergency 14. throttle-twisting and gear changing methods. Practical at road 1. such as how to use safety devices. before you ride. Making a “U” turn 13.12. Then position your motorcycle correctly. Before starting up your motorcycle. Keeping your eyes on where you are going. including weather conditions before you brake.

Consider these factors as well as your motorcycle’s capability when choosing your speed. If you decide to overtake. When riding toward a junction. If there is no signal. safety is most important. Finally. Give yourself plenty of time to get back into the right lane. all braking. slow down or stop. Finally. When riding toward a junction. Riding in a rural area When riding in a rural area. give way to passing vehicles. slow down or stop. and give yourself lots of time to get into the right lane. throttle-twisting and gear changing methods. Always follow the speed limit. if required. First. be aware of the road conditions including the weather conditions and the amount and speed of traffic. Give both hand and lamp signals if you are turning. safety is most important. Give yourself plenty of time to get back into the right lane. Stay at a safe distance from the car in front of you. and don’t forget to inspect your motorcycle before you ride. be ready to move if there is a traffic signal. Choose the right speed depending on road conditions and be aware of the effects of wind resistance before. give way to passing cars. Riding in an urban area. 6 . be aware of the road conditions including the weather conditions. and the road’s dimensions. I HAVE COMBINED THE TWO JUNCTION PARAGRAPGHS AS THEY ARE ALMOST IDENTICAL. 5. if required.4. THIS SECTION IS IDENTICAL TO PARAGRAPH 2 ABOVE Riding in a town area requires great concentration. You must take your speed seriously. Choose your speed according to these road conditions and to the motorcycle’s capability. there are many things to consider. and give yourself lots of time to get into the right lane. If there is no traffic signal. be ready to move once the traffic signal changes. Make sure you are in the correct lane before the turn and make sure you do not stop past the stoppage line. Choose the right speed depending on road conditions and be aware of the effects of wind resistance before. curves and surface. while and after overtaking. If you decide to overtake. Give both hand and lamp signals if you are turning. during and after the overtake. Stay at a safe distance from the car in front of you. First. Make sure you are in the correct lane before the turn and make sure you do not stop past the stoppage line. Remember there is often low visibility of on-coming traffic in rural areas so follow the speed limit.

To avoid accidents. For your safety and the safety of others around you.my.. On top of that. Malaysia email : harnen@brawijaya. When you ride through school and housing areas it is very important that you drive safely and according to the law.edu. Possible conclusion: By following all of these steps.upm. other vehicles and pedestrians. It is important for their peace of mind and safety to ride predictably and to always be ready to stop.Wan Hashim2 Safety Research Center (RSRC).edu.id. Radin Umar1 S.my.ac. This includes keeping under the speed limit and being ready to stop suddenly at all times. you’ll make motorcycle riding a pleasurable and relaxing experience – for everyone. Ride safely. your motorcycle. Malaysia 2 School of Civil Engineering. stay in your lane and keep your position and speed consistent with the vehicles around you. you will minimize any chance of injury to yourself. take no risks. radinumx@eng. use all safety measures such as signaling well in advance and give way to all vehicles in the lane you are moving to.000 motorcyclists are killed each year in Malaysia. make sure you always keep a safe distance between yourself and the vehicle in front of you. Seberang Perai Selatan. wongsv@eng.V.I HAVE COMBINED THE TWO JUNCTION PARAGRAPHS AS THEY ARE ALMOST IDENTICAL. Pulau Pinang. Don’t become the next statistic. Universiti Sains Malaysia. 7 .I. Remember that approximately 3. 14300 Nibong Tebal. wheelchairs and other vehicles used by disabled people.upm. When you are riding near walkers. If you do need to slow or stop the motorcycle. To change lanes safely.Wong1 W.31 . 1 Road Harnen1 R. Universiti Putra Malaysia.S. 43400 UPM Serdang Selangor Darul Ehsan.S. Statistics given in introduction from Advances in Transportation Studies an international Journal Section A 8 (2006) . start by controlling your motorcycle position and speed and then safely apply the correct braking technique.

usm.cewhwi@eng.my 8 .

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