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**Formulae for Quantitative and Data Interpretation sections Algebra 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. (a + b)(a – b) = a2 – b2 (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2(ab + bc + ca) (a ± b) = a + b ± 2ab (a + b + c + d)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + d2 + 2(ab + ac + ad + bc + bd + cd) (a ± b)3 = a3 ± b3 ± 3ab(a ± b) (a + b)(a + b - ab) = a + b
**

2 2 3 3 2 2 2

**(a - b)(a2 + b2 + ab) = a3 - b3 (a + b + c)(a2 + b2 + c2 - ab - bc - ca) = a3 + b3 + c3 – 3abc when a + b + c = 0, a + b + c = 3abc (x + a)(x + b) (x + c) = x + (a + b + c) x + (ab + bc + ac)x + abc (x – a)(x – b) (x – c) = x3 – (a + b + c) x2 + (ab + bc + ac)x – abc a + a b + b = (a + ab + b )( a – ab + b ) a + b = (a – √2ab + b )( a + √2ab + b )
**

4 4 2 2 2 2 4 2 2 4 2 2 2 2 3 2 3 3 3

**an + bn = (a + b) (a n-1 – a n-2 b + a n-3 b2 – a n-4 b3 +…….. + bn-1) (valid only if n is odd) a – b = (a – b) (a
**

n n n-1

+a

n-2

b+ a

n-3

b +a

2

n-4

b +……… + b ) {were n ϵ N)

3

n-1

n(n + l)(2n + 1) is always divisible by 6. n(n2- 1) is always divisible by 6 n + n is always even n3 + 2n is always divisible by 3 Product of n consecutive numbers is always divisible by n!. If n is a positive integer and p is a prime, then np – n is divisible by p. |x| = x if x ≥ 0 and |x| = – x if x ≤ 0.

2

Symbiosis Centre for Management

Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School

(1)

**Permutations & Combinations 1. nPr = n!/(n-r)! 2. nPn = n! n 3. Cr = n!/(n-r)!r! n 4. Cn = 1 5. nP0 = 1 6. nC0 = 1 n n 7. Cr = Cn-r
**

n n n n n 8. C0 + C1 + C2 +...+ Cn = 2

Arithmetic Progressions Tn = a + (n-1)d Sn = n/2[2a + (n-1)d] Geometric Progressions Tn = ar(n-1) Sn = a(r – 1 )/ (r-1) S∞ = a/(1-r) Sum of squares of first n natural numbers = n * n+1 / 2 Sum of squares of first n natural numbers = n (n+1)(2n+1) / 6 Sum of cubes of first n natural numbers = [n (n+1)/2] Factorials n! = 1*2*3*...*(n-1)! n! = n*(n-1)! LCM * HCF = Product of 2 numbers

2 n

Symbiosis Centre for Management

(2)

Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School

Speed & Distance Speed = Distance/Time 1 km/hr = 5/18 m/s Average Speed = Total Distance/Total Time Relative Speed For trains Time = sum of the lengths of two trains / relative speeds of two trains For boats & streams Speed (downstream) = S boat + S stream Speed (upstream) = S boat – S stream Set Theory n(A U B U C) = n(A) + n (B)+ n(C) – n(A n B) – n(A n C) – n(B n C) + n(A n B n C) n(A U B) = n(A) + n (B) – n(A n B) Alligations The ratio of the weights of the two items mixed will be inversely proportional to the deviation of attributes of these two items from the average attribute of the resultant mixture. Eg.X ) / ( X .Time. Price as an attribute W1/W2 = ( X2 .X1 ) Ratio & Proportion If a:b and c:d are two ratio then a:b > c:d if ad > bc a:b < c:d if ad < bc a:b = c:d if ad = bc Symbiosis Centre for Management Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School (3) .

R = rate per annum. then for x>=0 (a+x)/(b+x) > a/b and (a-x)/(b-x) < a/b If a>b. then b:a = d:c (Invertendo) If a/b = c/d. T = time in years Amount A = P + PRT/100 = P [1 + ( RT / 100 )] Compound interest = Principal * {1 + Rate/100} * Time – Principal Amount = Principal * {1 + Rate/100 } * Time Profit = Selling Price – Cost Price Loss = Cost Price – Selling Price Percentage Profit = Profit/CP * 100 Percentage Loss = Loss/CP * 100 Discount = Marked Price – Selling Price Discount Percentage = Discount/Marked Price * 100 Symbiosis Centre for Management (4) Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School . then for x>=0 (a+x)/(b+x) > a/b and (a-x)/(b-x) < a/b If a<b. then for x>=0 (a+x)/(b+x) < a/b and (a-x)/(b-x) > a/b Simple Interest SI = PRT / 100 Here P = principal.If a:b=c:d. then a/c = b/d or a:c = b:d (Alternendo) If a:b = c:d. then (a+b):b = (c+d):d (Componendo) If a:b = c:d then (a-b):b = (c-d):d (Dividendo) If a:b = c:d then a+b:a-b :: c+d:c-d (Componendo Dividendo) If a<b.

PA is the tangent at point A of the circle and AB is the chord at point A. If 2 tangents are drawn to a circle from an exterior point. In the following figure. the line joining the exterior point to the centre of the circle bisects the angle between the tangents. AB and CD. A C B P 2. O is the centre of the circle and OM perpendicular AB. they are equal. angle BAP = angle ACB. the length of two tangent segments are equal. D 4. The angle subtended by an arc of a circle at the centre is double the angle subtended by it at any point on the remaining part of the circumference. A P O C B 6. Then. if two chords are equidistant from the centre of a circle. Then. The angle that a tangent to a circle makes with a chord drawn from the point of contact is equal to the angle subtended by that chord in the alternate segment of the circle. In the above figure. AM = MB. b a 5. The perpendicular from the center of a circle to a chord of the circle bisects the chord. Conversely. AP * PB = CP * PD.Geometry Circle 1. Hence. In the figure below. intersect at point P. Equal chords are equidistant from the centre. B C 0 0 A P Symbiosis Centre for Management Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School (5) . In the figure above. two chords of a circle. Also. a=2b. 3.

9. If the legs of a right triangle have the same length. 8. then the angles opposite those legs have the same measure. 12. 13. Two triangles that are under a correspondence are said to be similar if every angle of one triangle has the same measure as the corresponding angle in the other triangle and the corresponding sides have lengths that are in the same proportion. the hypotenuse is twice the length of the shorter side. and the longer side is equal to the length of the shorter side times √3. 11. where S is area. In a right triangle with acute angles measuring 30 and 60 degrees.Triangle <900 900 >900 <900 <900 Right Obtuse Acute 7. b is the length of the base of the triangle. 10. the length of the hypotenuse is the length of a leg times √2. it follows that each measures 45 degrees. Since these angles are complementary. Triangle inequality: The sum of the lengths of any two sides of a triangle always exceeds the length of the third side. Area of Triangle S = 1/2 x b x h (6) Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School . The sum of the measures of the three exterior angles (one for each vertex) of any triangle is 360 degrees. s = (a+b+c)/3 and R = circumradius Symbiosis Centre for Management 14. S = abc/(4R) = r*s where r = inradius. the acute angles of a right triangle are complementary. and h is the height or altitude of the triangle. In a right triangle. The measure of an exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the measures of the two interior angles that are not adjacent to it (exterior angle theorem). An exterior angle of a triangle is an angle that is a linear pair (and hence supplementary) to an interior angle. By the Pythagorean theorem.

lines and circles associated with a triangle Circumcenter: A perpendicular bisector of a triangle is a straight line passing through the midpoint of a side and being perpendicular to it. if the circumcenter is located outside the triangle. The three perpendicular bisectors meet in a single point. this point is the center of the circumcircle. then the triangle is obtuse. forming a right angle with it. called the orthocenter of the triangle. The three altitudes intersect in a single point. Orthocenter: An altitude of a triangle is a straight line through a vertex and perpendicular to (i. The orthocenter lies inside the triangle if and only if the triangle is acute.e. This opposite side is called the base of the altitude. then the triangle is acute. the triangle's circumcenter. the circle passing through all three vertices. The length of the altitude is the distance between the base and the vertex. Pythagoras Theorem: AC2 = AB2 + BC2 Points. then the opposite angle is a right one. and the point where the altitude intersects the base (or its extension) is called the foot of the altitude.15. forming a right angle with) the opposite side. If the circumcenter is located on one side of the triangle. Symbiosis Centre for Management Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School (7) .e. More is true: if the circumcenter is located inside the triangle. i.

Incircle: An angle bisector of a triangle is a straight line through a vertex which cuts the corresponding angle in half. The three medians intersect in a single point. the center of the triangle's incircle. and divides the triangle into two equal areas. the incenter. if AD is a median. The incircle is the circle which lies inside the triangle and touches all three sides. then AB/BD = AC/CD Median: A median of a triangle is a straight line through a vertex and the midpoint of the opposite side. The centroid cuts every median in the ratio 2:1. Interior Angle Bisector Theorem: If AD is the angle bisector of A in triangle ABC. The three angle bisectors intersect in a single point.e. the distance between a vertex and the centroid is twice the distance between the centroid and the midpoint of the opposite side. the triangle's centroid. i. then AB2 + AC2 = 2(AD2+DC2) Symbiosis Centre for Management (8) Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School . Apollonius Theorem: In any triangle ABC.

if the quadrilateral can be inscribed in circle) it is called a cyclic quadrilateral. rectangle. rhombus.Quadrilaterals Any four-aided closed figure is called a quadrilateral. sum of 0 opposite angles = 180 . Areas Trapezium = ½ * (sum of parallel sides) * height Parallelogram = base * height Rhombus = ½ * product of diagonals Rectangle = length * breadth Square = side = ½ * diagonal 2 2 Diagonal of a rectangle = sqrt(length2 + breadth2) Diagonal of a square = 2 * side Symbiosis Centre for Management Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School (9) .. The sum of four angles of a quadrilateral is equal to 3600. By imposing certain conditions on the sides and/or angles of a quadrilateral. we can get the figures trapezium.e. If the four vertices of a quadrilateral lie on the circumference of a circle (i. and square. In a cyclic quadrilateral. parallelogram.

Amatuer Amateur (10) Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School .Commonly Misspelt Words Incorrect Absense Acommodate Adultary Agression Apparant Arguement Arithmatic Athiest Beleive Bell weather Bais Bouyant Buerau Burgler Cemetry Coleague Committment Commited Commitee Definate Defination Disasterous Extasy Embarassment Emminent Excede Correct Absence Accommodate Adultery Aggression Apparent Argument Arithmetic Atheist Believe Bellwether Bias Buoyant Bureau Burglar Cemetery Colleague Commitment Committed Committee Definite Definition Disastrous Ecstasy Embarrassment Eminent Exceed Incorrect Independant Innoculate Intrested Kindergarden Liason Leiutenent Maintainence Mathamatics Momento Mischievious Neice Occassion Occurance Ommission Perseverence Pnemonia Possesion Pottassium Preceed Preffered Presance Priviledge Pronounciation Questionairre Que Reciept Correct Independent Inoculate Interested Kindergarten Liaison Lieutenant Maintenance Mathematics Memento Mischievous Niece Occasion Occurrence Omission Perseverance Pneumonia Possession Potassium Precede Preferred Presence Privilege Pronunciation Questionnaire Queue Receipt Symbiosis Centre for Management Itenerary. Itinarary Itinerary Amature.

Commonly Misspelt Words Incorrect Exellent Exhilerate Firey Flourescent Foriegn Grammer Gaurantee Guidence Heirarchy Hygeine Imaginery Correct Excellent Exhilarate Fiery Fluorescent Foreign Grammar Guarantee Guidance Hierarchy Hygiene Imaginary Incorrect Reffered Relieve Rennaisance Sieze Seperate Tommorow Untill Upholstry Vaccuum Villify Wierd Correct Referred Relieve Renaissance Seize Separate Tomorrow Until Upholstery Vacuum Vilify Weird Symbiosis Centre for Management Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School (11) .

· appraise with apprise: appraise means 'assess'. while climatic. typically Symbiosis Centre for Management (12) Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School . etc. with averse. whereas censor means 'suppress unacceptable parts of (a book. means 'relating to climate'.Verbal Compendium – Do not confuse · · adoptive with adopted: children are adopted. film. 'a thing that enhances something by contributing extra features'. continual. with complaisant. · · augur. and can refer to space as well as time. with compliment. · · climactic. glazed. but parents are adoptive. while apprise means 'inform'. 'unfavourable. which means 'willing to please'. · complement. which means 'an expression of praise' or 'politely congratulate'. · continuous and continual: continuous primarily means 'without interruption'. · amoral with immoral: amoral means 'not concerned with morality'. 'smug and self-satisfied'. as in the cliffs form a continuous line along the coast. adverse.)'. by pressing between rotating cylinders. paper. which means 'strongly disliking or opposed to'. etc. whereas calendar a table or register with the days of each month and week in a year · censure with censor: censure means 'express strong disapproval of'. · affect and effect: affect means 'make a difference to'. complacent.. 'be a sign of (a likely outcome)'.. on the other hand. calendar: a machine in which cloth. 'forming a climax'. with auger (a tool used for boring). bad'. whereas effect means 'a result' or 'bring about (a result)'. while immoral means 'not conforming to accepted standards of morality'. as in I am not averse to helping out. or the like. is smoothed.

while flout means 'openly disregard (a rule)'. · egoism and egotism: it is egotism. which means 'separate. 'go without'. 'dislike greatly'. that means 'excessive conceit or self-absorption'.means 'happening frequently. · forego and forgo: forego means 'precede'. for an ethical theory that treats self-interest as the foundation of morality. · fawn with faun: a fawn is a young deer. an administrative or advisory body. · hoard with horde: a hoard is a store of something valuable. · discreet. with counsel. with discrete. · flaunt with flout. · council. · loath ('reluctant. 'careful not to attract attention or give offence'. a faun is a Roman deity that is part man. which means 'decisive and with authority'. part goat. not egoism. as in it's my fault. sure') with definitive. horde is a disparaging term for a large group of people. as in the bus service has been disrupted by continual breakdowns. causing disapproval or offence') with exceptional ('not typical' or 'unusually good'). advice or guidance. unwilling') with loathe. and a light brown colour. · the possessive its (as in turn the camera on its side) with the contraction it's (short for either it is or it has. · definite ('certain. distinct'. it's been a hot day). with intervals between'. flaunt means 'display ostentatiously'. · exceptionable ('open to objection. egoism is a less common and more technical word. Symbiosis Centre for Management Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School (13) . but is also a less common spelling for forgo.

which means 'relating to an authority or public body'. meaning 'required as a prior condition'. with regrettable. 'first in order of importance. 'feeling or showing regret'. whereas prescribe means either 'issue a medical prescription' or 'recommend with authority'. militate. with ordnance. ordinance.· loose with lose: as a verb loose means 'unfasten or set free'. a naturalist is an expert in natural history. prerequisite can also be an adjective. which is used in the form militate against to mean 'be an important factor in preventing'. which means 'guns' or 'munitions'. or an exponent of naturalism. with principle. 'asserting authority or interfering in an annoyingly domineering way'. 'expressing things clearly'. which means 'giving rise to regret. officious. proscribe with prescribe: proscribe is a rather formal word meaning 'condemn or forbid'. which means 'having a ready understanding of things'. prerequisite is something that is required as a prior condition for something else. with perspicacious. naturism (nudism) and naturist (a nudist) with naturalism and naturalist: naturalism is an artistic or literary approach or style. while lose means 'cease to have' or 'become unable to find'. perquisite and prerequisite: a perquisite is a special right or privilege enjoyed as a result of one's position. 'an authoritative order'. principal. main'. which means 'make (something bad) less severe'. perspicuous. with official. with mitigate. · · · · · · · · · Symbiosis Centre for Management (14) Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School . which is a noun meaning chiefly 'a basis of a system of thought or belief'. undesirable'. regretful.

with torturous. is not regarded as depriving the soul of divine grace). who's with whose. venal ('susceptible to bribery.· stationary and stationery: stationary is an adjective with the sense 'not moving or changing'. which means 'characterized by pain or suffering'. which is used in Christian theology in reference to sin (a venial sin. surround. whereas stationery is a noun meaning 'paper and other writing materials'. while whose is used in questions such as whose is this? and whose turn is it? wreath and wreathe: wreath with no e at the end means 'arrangement of flowers'. titillate and titivate: titillate means 'excite'. turgid tends to mean 'tediously pompous' or. · · · · · · · Symbiosis Centre for Management Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School (15) . antisocial means 'contrary to accepted social customs and therefore annoying'. while wreathe with an e is a verb meaning 'envelop. overflowing'. who's is a contraction of who is or who has. tortuous. corruptible') with venial. in reference to a river. unsocial usually means 'socially inconvenient' and typically refers to the hours of work of a job. turbid and turgid: turbid is generally used in reference to a liquid and means 'cloudy or opaque'. 'full of twists and turns' or 'excessively lengthy and complex'. or encircle'. whereas titivate means 'adorn or smarten up'. unsociable with unsocial and antisocial: unsociable means 'not enjoying the company of or engaging in activities with others'. unlike a mortal sin. 'swollen.

Ashish Kumar Kabaddi . 4.Preeja Sreedharan Athletics .Suronjoy Singh Symbiosis Centre for Management (16) Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School . Julian Barnes has won the 2011 Man Booker Prize for his novel “The Sense of an Ending”. Grammy Awards · · · · · · 3.Rakesh Kumar. 2.Ravindra Singh Boxing .Rahul Bannerjee Athletics . Bad Romance Best male pop vocal performance – Bruno Mars.Zaheer Khan Archery .Rajpal Singh Volley ball .Vijas Gowda Gymnastics . Just the Way You Are Khel Ratna Award 2011: Gagan Narang Arjuna award Winners List 2011: · · · · · · · · · · · · Cricket . Need You Now Song of the year – Need You Now (Lady Antebellum. Tejaswini Bai Hockey .Ravi Kumar Wrestling .General Knowledge 1. The Suburbs Record of the year – Lady Antebellum. performers) Best new artist – Esperanza Spalding Best female pop vocal performance – Lady Gaga.Sunil Chhetri Weight lifting . Album of the year – Arcade Fire.Sanjay kumar Football .

Olympic gold medallist Abhinav Bindra will be the new face to promote guns made by Walther. Batminton. Nigeria recently.Jwala Gutta Swimming .Prashant Karmakar The Nobel Peace Prize 2011 was awarded jointly to Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. Nileema Mishra. 10. who revolutionised the use of solar lights.Virdhaval Khade Shooting .· · · · · · 5. Subhadra Pradhan was declared the player of the tournament. Nikolay Davydenko won the Shanghai Masters Tennis tournament organised recently. Switzerland won the 2009 FIFA Under-17 World Cup in Abuja. 7. Javed Miandad holds the record for the longest ODI career spanning 20 years and 272 days. 8. 6.Sandhya Rani Devi Tennis . 9.Tejaswini Sawant Wushu . 11. who works with the poor villagers in Maharashtra and United States. 12. Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkol Karman "For their Non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in Peace-building work". Symbiosis Centre for Management Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School . China beat India in the final to win the Asia Cup Hockey Championship for Women in Bangkok recently. Satellite Information Service Live was selected as the official broadcaster of 2010 Commonwealth Games.Somdev Devvarman Disabled . are among the five people who have been honoured with this year's prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award.trained Indian engineer Harish Hande.

Sebastian Coe. Entertainment and Sports Direct (ESD) has acquired the theatrical telecast rights for cricket matches of the Indian Premier League (IPL) 2010 and 2019 for Rs 330 crore. Sushil Kumar. 18. 17. 23. well known former Olympic gold medallist is Chairman of the London Organising Committee for the Olympic Games. Mohammad Asif & Mohammad Amir imprisoned along with their agent for spot fixing.13. 16. Table Tennis Federation of India appointed Poland's Leszek Kucharski as the Indian TT coach. th Symbiosis Centre for Management Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School . Pakistan on 2 November 2011 decided to grant India the most favoured nation for trade status. from Bihar won Rs 5crore in KBC 5. 14. Scientific and Cultural Organisation). Asha Bhosle. Anirban Lahiri shot 12-under 60 at BILT Open Golf Championship. Palestine won the membership of UNESCO (United Nations Educational. 19. the legendary Bollywood playback singer entered the Guinness World Records for the most number of single studio recordings. Anirban Lahiri became the first Indian golfer to shoot a spectacular round of 12under 60 on home soil. Pakistani cricketers Salman Butt. 24. According to a UN study India is ranked 134 among a total of 187 countries in terms of Human Development Index. Former CWG Secretary General Kamlesh Sharma was again re appointed for the same post on 30th oct. 20. Ratan Tata was honoured with the Swiss Ambassador's award for exceptional leadership and his contribution to strengthening bilateral ties between India and Switzerland on 16th October 2011. 21. 15. 22.

The Sense of an Ending. IGNOU conferred the Rajiv Gandhi International Prize for Technology in Education and Development on the Azim Premji Foundation. 26.edu Symbiosis Centre for Management Leadership-Entrepreneurship B-School .snapshot. General Knowledge – List of websites · · · www. The World's cheapest computer and access device.generalknowledgetoday. 28.com www.ibef. 29.25. British novelist Julian Barnes won the 2011 Man Booker prize for his novella.scmhrd. Former Supreme Court Judge Markandey Katju was appointed as the new Chairman of Media regulator Press Council of India. Aakash is a part of the Indian Government's National Mission on Education's Sakshat Project.org www. China on 29 September 2011 successfully launched its first unmanned space laboratory Tiangong-1 from a site in the Gobi Desert. 27.

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