Chapter 11 Outline Psych 365 EMOTION Embarassment shame and guilt        Shame      Guilt       Failure to perform ones duties

Lying cheating or stealing Neglecting a friend or loved one Hurting someone else’s feelings Infidelity to a romantic partner Breaking a diet. Poor performance Hurting someone else’s feelings Lying Failure to meet other people’s expectation Failure to meet one’s own expectations. Make us feel bad, reflect that we did something wrong, make us want to hide or withdraw. FRMI shows areas of brain that share these three emotions. Physical Clumsiness Cognitive Errors Inappropriate physical ppearance Failure to privacy Being teased

These three are similar in that they share many attributes, but different in:    Shame is common when you fail to live up to expectations Guilt arises when you do something that hurts another Embarrassment happens when you are the focus of attention after a mistake or event.

Embarrassment   When one violates a social convention thereby drawing unexpected social attention and motivating submissive. Displaying it in front of others lets them know we care about their opinion

Experiences that evoke Embarrassment   Social Mistake – violating a social norm or law Center of Attention – Becoming the center of attention in a way you didn’t want t happen

Shame. Dispositional shame proness and guilt proneness are differentially asoociatd with approaches to social interaction Guilt and Repentance     Repentance is the state of feeling bad about ones misdeeds and seeking forgiveness. not a broad one. Shame and Guilt    Shame – as the emotion felt when one does something wrong and focuses on ones own global stable inadequacies in explaining the transgression Guilt – is the emotion felt when one fails or does something morally wrong but focuses on how to make amends and how to avoid repeating the transgression. Forgiveness relieaves stress by letting go of grudges. Sometimes it backfires in relationships Survivors Guilt – a feeling of guilt about going on with life because there is no logical reason why the other person died instead of me. this happens immediately when a person is embarrassed We are embarrassed by the fact that we blush Individual Differences in Embarrassment    Age doesn’t predict susceptibility to embarssment People often misperceive how often they are embarsse Embarassment scores correlate highly with neuroticism. Pride  Emotion you feel when you accept credit for something that is a positive outcome you have done.. straight posture Cultural Differences in Embarrassment. Empathic Embarrassment – being embarrassed in sympathy for someone else who is in an embarrassing situation. and Pride .  Sticky Situation – finding yourself in a situation where you may have to violate a social norm. promotes reconciliation between people. Religious people are more foregiving than non religious. Facial Expression of Embarrassment   Blushing – temporary increasing blood flow to the face neck and chest. Expressing Pride  Prototypical expression in cludes a smile.

. Refered to friendship sex or romance as jealousy. Jealousy and Envy    When we compare ourselves to others when they get a better deal. sometimes envying success is good. What varies is the circumstances that provoke these emotions  Dusun Baguk of Malaysia say they experience malu. They feel malu when in the presence of a prestigious person. Or when walking too fast. Sexual jealousy triggers rash behaviors Envy is not always harmful. roughly corresponding to our embarrassment or shame when they eat during a period set aside for fasting.Experiences of shame embarrassment and pride occur throughout the world.

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