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Wireless energy transfer also known as wireless energy transmission is the process that takes place in any system where electromagnetic energy is transmitted from a power source (such as a Tesla coil) to an electrical load, without interconnecting wires. Wireless transmission is employed in cases where interconnecting wires are inconvenient, hazardous, or impossible. Though the physics can be similar (pending on the type of wave used), there is a distinction from electromagnetic transmission for the purpose of transferring information (radio), where the amount of power transmitted is only important when it affects the integrity of the signal.

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Resonance is an induced vibration in an object and
means to sound and resound" like' an echo.
A sound wave is created as a result of an object vibrating. All objects have a natural frequency or group of frequencies at which they like to vibrate. Some objects vibrate or ring at a single natural frequency, while others have many "modes" of vibration and can vibrate at any or all of those modes of vibration. A flute or radio antenna tends to vibrate at a single frequency.

Acou~icresonanceisthe tendency of an acoustic system to absorb more energy when it is forced or driven at a frequency that matc hes one of its own natural frequencies of vibration (its resonance frequency) than it does at other frequencies.


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The electric energy transmitted by means of electrostatic induction can be utilized by a receiving device, such as a wireless lamp. Tesla demonstrated the illumination of wireless lamps by energy that was coupled to them through an alternating electric field.

Nikola Tesla, October 16th, 1927.; in 'WORLD SYSTEM OF WIRELESS TRANSMISSION OF ENERGY": ~' The mode of propagation of the currents from my transmitter through ... the terrestrial globe is most extraordinary considering the spread of the electrification of the surface. The wave starts with a- theoretically infinite
speed, slowing down first very quickly and aftetward at a lesser rate until the distance is about six thousand miles when it proceeds with the speed of light. From there on it again increases in speed slowly at first, and then more rapidlY1 reaching the antipode with approximately infinite velocity. The law of motion can be expressed by stating that the waves on the terrestrial surface sweep in equal intervals of time over equal erees, but it must be understood that the current penetrates deep into the earlh and the effects produced on the receivers are the same as if the whole flow was confined to the earth's axis joining the transmitter with the antipode. The mean surface speed is thus about 471 200 kilometers per second - fifty-seven per cent. greater than tha t of the socalled Herlz waves - which should propagate with the velocity of light if they exist. The same constant was found by the noted American astronomer, Capt. J. T. T. See, in his mathematical invesiiqeiions, for the smallest particles of the ether which he fittingly designated as "einerons". ,,

Goran Marjanovic, Cedomir Mraz (2011)



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The closed circuit system consists of a large Tesla coil transmitter, an ionized path connecting the transmitter to the upper atmosphere, the upper atmosphere, a second ionized path connecting the upper atmosphere back down to a receiving location, and the receiver itself. The circuit back to the transmitter is completed through the earth. The upper atmosphere, like any low-pressure gas, is not an ohmic conductor, but will conduct electricity if broken down; i.e., ionized. The portion of the upper atmosphere between the transmitter and the receiver would then conduct current like a neon tube of planetary proportions. It would require a certain amount of energy to maintain the electrical discharge through it.

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The spherical Earth-ionosphere cavity is created by the conductive surface of the earth and the outer boundary ot the ionosphere, separated by non-conducting air. Electromagnetic impulses are generated by electrical discharges such as lightning, the main excitation source, and spread laterally into the cavity. Lightning discharges have a ··highfrequency component", involving frequencies between 1 kHz and 30 kHz. This produces electromagnetic waves in the very low frequency (VLF) and extremely low frequency (ELF) ranges.

The Schumann resonances occurring over an eight-hour period can be clearly seen at approximately 7.8, 14, 20, 26, 33, 39, and 45 Hz.

The South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) is an area where the Earth's inner radiation belt comes closest to the Earth's surface. This
leads to an increase.d flux of energetic particles in this region and exposes orbiting

satellites to higher than usual levels of radiation. The effect is caused by the nonconcentricity of the Earth and its magnetic dipole, and the SAA is the near-Earth region where the Earth's magnetic field is weakest.

Van Allen radiation belt

"Living matter gives the biosphere an extraordinary chsrscter, unique in the universe ... Cosmic energy determines the pressure of life that can be regarded as the transmission of solar energy to the Earth's suriece ... Activated by radiation, the ma tter of the biosphere collects and redistributes solar energy, and converts it ultimately into free energy capable of doing work on Earlh ... Vladimir Vernadsky, The Biosphere

The Bodies electromagnetic nature and its sensitivity to mag netic fields is precipitated by the galactic magnetic field influences on the solar magnetic activity, the solar magnetic activity influences the Earth's geomagnetic activity, and the resulting Earth's geomagnetic activity influences the human magnetic field.
The Global Brain is a metaphor for the worldwide intelligent network formed by people together with the information and communication technologies that connect them into an "orqenlc" whole. As the Internet becomes faster, more intelligent, more ubiquitous ahdmore encompassing, it increasingly ties us together ina single information processing system, that functions like a "braln" for the planet Earth.

(from the Greek Tr,Ae, tele meaning "distant" and TTd9r" pathe meaning "experience"), is the induction of mental states from one mind to another.

As the mental layer of the planet, the NOOSPHERE characterizes mind and consciousness as a unitary p.henomenon. This means that the quality and nature of our individual and collective thoughts directly
effects the NOOSPHERE and creates the quality of our environment.

Classic coil

Tesla coil

Goran Marjanovic,. Prof Dr. Ljubo Ristovski - 2010

PIP picture of classical coil PIP picture of Tesla coil

Although we used the same MOSFET driver, PIP Snapshot showed that the classical col! does not change the ambient field although the voltage was several hundred thousand volts. The coil wound according to special principles (which Tesla constructed his extra coil in Colorado Springs) create a standing wave, possibly scalar in nature, manifesting a column of flare - green in colour which is often associated with healing radiation (when it comes to bio-energy fields) in connection with balance and well-bei ng.

UNESCO C.errado Protected Areas

Chapada dos Veadeiros, Brazil

The Chapada dos Veadeiros (deer plate-au) National Park lies in the middle of the Cerrado savanna region at its highest point, the Central Brazilian Highland plateau, a mountainous area of great beauty, with the backbone of the Serra do Santana which rises from 1,200m to 1,691 min Pouso Alto.

The Park's PreCambrian crystalline basement rock is 1,800,000 years old, amongst the oldest on the planet. It consists largely of
quartz and schist, with outcrops of rock crystal which is also scattered throughout the soil. The ridges which rise between 1,200 and

1,500m are of Arai Group quartzite in the north, of basal Paranoa quartzite in the south.

According to NASA this is one of the most luminous points seen by orbiting cameras, owing to the quantity of quartz crystals, metals and minerals in the soil. Chapada dos Veadeiros a sanctuary of mystic appearances, of natural therapy, and spiritual insights attributes its mystic energy to large concentration of Chapada dos Veadeiros • OCT 2011 Photos by Boris Petrov.ic rock crystal.

Piezoelectricity is
the appearance of an electrical potential across the sides of a crystal when you subject it to mechanical stress.
In practice, the crystal becomes a kind of tiny battery with a positive charge on one face and a negative charge on the opposite face; current flows if we connect the two faces together to make a circuit. In the reverse piezoelectric effect, a crystal becomes mechanically stressed (deformed in shape) when a voltage is applied across its opposite faces.


Robert K. Golka research events at Leadville, Colorado
in testing Cavity energy transmission. The experiments at the Climax Mine in 1988-1989. The objectives of Golka's "Project Tesla" were divided into three areas of investigation. 1. Demonstration that the Schumann Cavity can be resonated with an open air, vertical dipole antenna; 2. Measurement of power insertion losses; 3. Measurement of power retrieval losses, locally and at a distance. A full size, 51 foot diameter, air core, radio frequency resonating coil and a unique 130 foot tower, insulated 30 feet above ground, have beenconstructed and are operational at an elevation of approximately 11,000 feet. This system was originally built by

150 Feet Tower At Climax Mine Leadville
COLORADO http://www.tb3.comlteslaJgolkaJ

Robert Golka in 1973-1974 and used until 1982 by the United States Air Force at Wendover AFB in Wendover, Utah.






All oxygen therapies, including ozone, work because they flood the body with Nature's single oxygen atoms. Singlet oxygen and its byproducts are very energetic oxidizers - they "burn up" waste products, pollution, and microbes.

The Kelvin water dropper, invented by Lord Kelvin (1867)l is a type of electrostatic generator.
Kelvin referred to the device as his water-dropping condenser. The device uses. falling water drops to generate voltage differences by using positive feedback and the electrostatic induction occurring between interconnected oppositely charged systems.
Any small charge on either of the two buckets suffices to begin the chargi ng process. Suppose, therefore, that the left bucket has a small positive charge. Now the ri ght ring also has some positive charge since it is connected to the bucket. The charge on the right ring will attract negative charge into the ri ght-hand stream by electrostatic attraction. When a drop breaks off the end of the right-hand stream, the drop carries negative charge with it. When the negatively charged water drop falls into its bucket (the right one), it gives that bucket and the attached ring (the left one) a negative charge. Once the left ring has a negative charge, it attracts positive charge into the left-hand stream. When drops break off the end of that stream, they carry positive charge to the positively charged bucket, maki ng that bucket even more positively charged.

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Positive charges are attracted to the left-hand stream by the ri ng, and positive charge drips into the positively charged left bucket. Negative charges are attracted to the right-hand stream and negative charge drips into the negatively charged ri ght bucket. The positive feedback of this process makes each bucket and ring more and more charged. The higher the charge, the more effective the electrostatic induction is, so the charges grow exponentially with time. Eventually, when both buckets have become highly charged, a few effects may be seen. An electri c spark may briefly arc betwee n t he two buckets or rings, decreasing the charge on each bucket. Or if this isn't allowed to happen, the buckets will start to electro-statically repel the droplets falling towards them, and may fling the droplets away from the buckets. The water drops might also be attracted to the rings enough to touch the rings and deposit their charge on the oppositely charged rings, which decreases the charge on that ring. Each of these effects win Iimit the voltage that can be reached by the device. As with other forms of hydroelectric power, the energy here ultimately co mes fro m the + gravitational energy released by letting the water + drops fall. Most of the energy is wasted as heat +when the water drops land in the buckets....liiiii ----'!!+


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The sense of vision is excited by the influence of Iight on the retina. In the human EYE as in a camera, the retinal image is-an inversion of the physical image and the retina is a two-dimensional sheet.



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A planetary magnetosphere is the region surrounding a planet within which its own magnetic field dominates the behavior of electrically charged parti.cles. The Earth's magnetosphere is cerved out of the solar wlnd, when the solar wind encounters the Earth's magnetic field. The Earth's magnetic field is close to being dipolar, although the magnetic field Iines in the magnetotail are stretched out of the dipole shape by electrical currents flowing a.cross the tail. The p.lasma in the plasmasphere region corotates with the Earth. The magnetic field accompanyi ng the solar wind merges with that of a planet and stretches it out to produce a long, turbulent magnetotail, or wake, on the downwind side of the planet.. In the magnetotail~ the solar-wind-driven flo w brings the plasma to the equatorial ptene, where it is concentrated in the plasma



Haight's British Patent # 251,689
The ionization of the atmosphere directly above the elevated terminals is facilitated by a venics! ionizing beam of ultraviolet radiation that leads to the formation of what might be called a plasma high-voltage electrical transmission line.

It is in fact possible to influence tropospheric rivers by electromagnetic means. The US military certainly has been investigating weather modification since the 1950s. Capt. Howard Orville publicly stated in 1958 that the intent was "to manipulate the charges of the earth and sky .and so eiteet the weather through electronic beams to ionize and de-ionize the atmosphere".

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Active experiments in the magnetosphere include some intended to be primarily diagnostic (barium release, electron guns) and others designed to perturb the system to generate instabilities (VLF or ULF wave injection from ground stations, ionospheric heating).

A fleet of NASA and European Space Agency space-weather probes observed an immense jet of electrically charged particles in the solar wind between the Sun and Earth. The jet, at least 200 times as wide as the Earth, was powered by clashing magnetic fields ina process called

..magnetic reconnection",
These jets are the result of natural particle accelerators dwarfing anything built on Earth. The newly discovered interplanetary jets are far larqer than those occurring within Earth's magnetic shield. The new observation is the first direct measurement indicating magnetic reconnection can happen on immense scales.

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The solar wind is a dilute stream of electrically charged (ionized) gas that blows conti nually from the Sun. Because the solar wind is electrically charged, it carries solar magnetic fields with it. The solar wind arising from different places on the Sun carries magnetic fields pointi ng in different directions. Magnetic reconnection in the solar wind takes place when "sheets" of oppositely directed magnetic fields get pressed together. In doing so, the sheets connect to form an X-shaped cross-section that is then anni hilated, or broken, to form a new magnetic line geometry.

The Magnetosphere-Ionosphere system works like a circuit, with the Magnetosphere providing the energy and the providing the resistance. The Magnetosphere and Ionosphere are connected by FleldAligned Currents. Birkeland currents are a set of currents which flow along geomagnetic field line connecting the Earth's magnetosphere to the Earth's high latitude ionosphere. They are a specific class of magnetic field-aligned currents. In the high latitude ionosphere, the Birkeland currents close through the region of the auroral electrojet, which flows perpendicular to the local magnetic field in the ionosphere. The Birkeland currents occur in two pairs of field-lined current sheets. One pair extends from noon through the dusk sector to the mi dnight sector

THEM IS satellites have found evidence of magnetic flux ropes connecting Earth's upper atmosphere directly to the Sun.

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Equatorial Spread F (ESF), is a phenomena that produces large turbulent like variations of electron density at F region heights producing large index of refraction variations. ESF occurs in association with the plasma depleted flux tubes, widely known as plasma bubbles which develop at the dusk hours into vertically extended formations extendi ng to 1500 km over the magnetic equator and thousands of kilometers into the low latitude ionosphere on either side. They consist of irregularity structures of scale sizes varying from 1D's of centimeters to 100's of kilometers. ESF is initiated by plasma instability processes operating at the F layer bottomside that grow into the topside




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Amplification of electric field by a pocket of enhanced ionization

Transient Luminous Events are the optical signature of energetic processes in the upper atmosphere, of which sprites are the best known. Sprites are short-lived (a few ms), large luminous discharges that appear in the altitude range -40 to 90 km above large thunderstorms. Sprites arise from the quasi-electrostatic (QE) field resulting from removal of a significant amount of charge in a large lightning stroke.

Terrestrial gamma-ray flashes are bursts of

gamma rays in the Earth's atmosphere. TGFs have been recorded to last 0.2 to 3.5 milliseconds, and have energies of up to 20 MeV. They are caused by electric fields produced above thunderstorms.

The antimatter, which has the same properties of their matter 'twin' except with the opposite electric charge, is thought to be created when an avalanche of electrons are thrown up by a thunderstorm's strong electromagnetic field. When these electrons strike other atoms in the atmosphere they release a burst of gamma rays. Travelling near the nuclei of other atoms causes the gamma rays to transform into an electron/positron pair (a positron is an electron's anti matter counterpart, with positive instead of negative charge).




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A scheme is proposed which would modify the magnetosphere by injecting plasma near the

equator beyond the plasmapause and initiating weve-perticie ins tabltlties .
Injecti on of plas rna into t his regi on is also a naturally occurring phenomenon produced by the cross-tail electric fields which are associated with geomagnetic activity.

The propa gation of wh ist lers produced by a lightning flash along the magnetic field Iines, leads to reflection by the ionosphere at the opposite hemisphere, and this travel time is manifested in the detected delay of the next Iightni ng signal arriving from a specific location ..

The constructive interierence between waves (qenerate d by an intra-cloud discharge) reflected from the ground and the ionosphere, leads to creation of localized peaks of electron densities between 75 and 85 km.

A whistler is the signature of the electromagnetic wave emitted by a lightning flash after it has traversed the magnetosphere. The magnetosphere is a "dispersive" medium, meaning that different frequencies will propagate through it at different groupvelocities, the lower frequencies will arrive later in time than the higher frequencies. A magnetospheric duct is a magnetic-field aligned region of enhanced ionization in the magnetosphere which can efficiently guide ELF and VLF waves.



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Preseismic anomalous states in the atmosphere and ionosphere,

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as well as those in the near-Earth (telluric) currents and ultralowfrequency electromagnetic variations have been reported as occurring prior to earthquakes . These anoumalous states include disturbances of the atmospheric electric field, anomalous geomagnetic pulsations, and anomalous
disturbances in the ionosphere and the magnetosphere.

The observation of anomalous pulses of electromagnetic emissions in the frequency interval between a few Hz and some tens of kHz as well as the changes of the density of the charged particles registered by satellites are basis of investi gation of the
Lithosphere Ionosphere Coup ling.

Seismic Focus
A light or glow in the sky sometimes heralds a big earthquake. On on the day

of the 1995 earthquake in Kobe, Japan, there were 23 reported sightings of a white, blue, or orange light extending some 200 meters in the air and spreading 1 to 8 kilometers across the ground.

Inner-core anisotropy and hemisphericity

The Earth~sinterior is composed of four layers: the crust, mantle, outer core and inner core. The crust is the outermost skin, 5 t01 0 km thick, and is composed of rocks of many types. The mantle extends from just below the crust down to 2900 km deep, and is composed of silicates. The core occupies the innermost part of the Earth, and its major component is iron. In the molten outer core, the geomagnetic field is generated through magnetohydrodynamic dynamo action. The inner core is a sphere of solid iron, and has a radius of about 1200 km.











Acoustic anisotropy of the Earth's inner core has a peculiar feature: elastic waves travel faster in the polar direction than in the equatorial directions. This type of anisotropy suggests some coupling between the outer and inner cores.




There exists also a connection between ionospheric disturbances and the discrete structure of the Earth's core.


Seismic waves are waves of energy that travel through the earth, and are a result of an earthquake, explosion, or a volcano that imparts low-frequency acoustic energy. The propagation velocity of the waves depends on density and elasticity of the medium. Velocity tends to increase with depth, and ranges from approximately 2 to 8 km/s in the Earth's crust up to 13 km/s in the deep mantle.

There are two types of seismic waves, body waves and surface waves.
Body waves travel through the interior of the Earth. They follow raypaths refracted by the varying density and stiffness of the Earth's interior, The density and stiffness, in turn, vary according to temperature, composition, and phase. This effect is similar to the refraction of light waves. Primary waves (P-waves) are compressional waves that are longitudinal in nature. P waves are pressure waves that are the initial set of waves produced by an earthquake. Secondary waves (S-waves) are shear waves that are transverse in nature. These waves typically follow P waves during an earthquake and displace the ground perpendicular to the direction of propagation. S waves can travel only through solids, as fluids do not support shear stresses. S waves are slower than P waves.



Gravity anomaly maps show how much the Earth's actual

gravity field differs from the gravity field of a uniform, featureless Earth surface. The anomalies highlight variations in the strength of the gravitational force over the surface of the Earth. Gravity anomalies are due to unusual concentrations of mass in a region. The presence of mountain ranges will usually cause the gravitational force to be more than it would be on a featureless planet - positive gravity anomaly. Conversely, the presence of ocean trenches or even the depression of the landmass that was caused by the presence of glaciers millennia ago can cause negative gravity anomalies. Gravity anomalies and the structure of the Earth

Extremely large volcanic eruptions, which eject gases and material high into the atmosphere, can trigger lightni"ng.

Such spectacular displays occur when electrical discharges are generated by friction between particles and gases in an expanding eruption cloud. Volcanic lightning most often occurs during eruptions which have large ash clouds. A variety of types of lightning bolts are produced by such conditions including bolts of different widths traveling in different directions, including ball lightning and small separate sparks.

Almost all energy and potential energy on earth is derived from the Sun. Each second, the sun releases more power than humans could ever hope t.o use, but someti mes a little extra energy is released in an event known as a solar flare. Solar flares affect all levels of t he Earth's atmosphere, and the radiation they produce can wreak havoc on electronic communications and other human activities. Without the protection of the atmosphere, the proton storms generated by these flares would be deadly to anyone who encountered them. The amount of energy released in a solar flare can be as high as 6 x 1025 Joules of energy~more than all the fossil fuels that exist on Earth~and have ever existed on Earth~combined ..

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Japan's massive Sendai earthquake, which weighed in at 9.0 on the Richter scale opened up a 400 km long gash in the ocean floor, releasing a surface energy of 1.9x1 017 joules on March 11th 2011. The total energy released underground was about 205,000 times that on the surface. This energy is equivalent to about 9.32 teratons of TNT, or approximately 600 million Hiroshima bombs, or about 80 years of globaI energy usage, esti mated to be 4. 74x 1020 jo ules for the year of 2008. That's arguably more energy than what all of mankind has ever used so far.

A plasmoid is a coherent structure of plasma and magnetic fields. Plasmoids have been proposed to explain natural phenomena such as ball lightning, magnetic bubbles in the magnetosphere, and object in the solar atmosphere. Plasmoids appear as plasma cylinders elongated in the direction of the magnetic field, possessing a measurable magnetic moment, translational speed, a transverse electric field, and size, Plasmoids can interact with each other, seerninqly by reflecting. off one another. Their orbits can also be made to curve toward one another. Plasmoids can be made to spiral to a stop if projected into a gas at about 10-3 mm Hg pressure. Plasmoids can be made to smash each other into fragments, and they undergo fission and possess spin. A plasmoid has an internal pressure stemming from both the gas pressure of the plasma and the magnetic pressure of the field. To maintain an approximately static plasrnoid radius, this pressure must be balanced an external confi ning pressure. In a field-free vacuum, for example, a plasmoid will rapidly expand and dissipate.

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The plasma is composed of electrically charged particles, electrons and ions. Such electrically charged particles have the natural property of following magnetic field lines. The field lines may be imagined as strings along and around which charged particles move. Some of these magnetic field lines intersect the soli d materials of the confinement vessel at some location. Charged plasma particles that happen to be on such field Iines are therefore guided into collisions with the first wall and deposit their energy onto the plasma-facing material. In plasma physics, such a terminal field line is called "open". Open field lines are found at the edge of the plasma close to the walls. In contrast, deeper inside the JET torus, the field Iines run around the "doughnut" in never-enol ng loops, without ever encounteri ng any solid material. They form so called "closed" field Iines.ln an idealized scenario, plasma particles are safe from collisions with the first wall as long as they are guided along these closed field lines. However, there are processes that force plasma particles to leak out from the confined volume, which is the volume entirely filled by closed field lines: particles diffuse across the magnetic field. Particles may leave the confined volume simply due to the fact that their orbit around each field Iine has a finite radius. Furthermore they can "jump" from one guiding field line to another due to collisions with other plasma particle.

Robert Hirsch proposed a new

way of building a fusor without the ion guns or multipactor electrodes. Instead the system was constructed as two si milar spherical electrodes, one inside the other, all inside a larger container filled with a dilute fuel gas. In this system the guns were no longer neede d, and coro na discharge aro und the 0 uter electrodes was enough to provide a source of ions ..Once ionized, the gas would be drawn towards the inner (negatively charged) electrode, which they would pass by and into the central reaction area.

The most typical plasma conf gurations are fibers Lightning Calculations show that through which an electric current circulates (pinch). We find them in the channels within high-energy ball lightning may lightnings, in solar protuberances and in distant consist of a ball of plasma contai ning a large circular electric nebulae and in the nuclei of galaxies. As current arising as an eddy current spherical structures are characteristic for gravitational interactions so are generated by lightning. Syntheti c structures characteristic for plasmas. The axial ball lightning might serve as a method of plasma confinement for current generates an azi muthal magnetic field. This field compresses the pinch due to the purposes of nuclear fusion. gradient of magnetic pressure and against it reacts the gradient of material pressure and radiation. The presence of fibrous structures in the Universe regularly signifies the presence of ionized matter and magnetic fields.
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A selected region of plasma which lies within the earth's ionosphere is altered to increase the density thereof whereby a relatively stable layer of relatively dense plasma is maintained within region. Electromagnetic radiation is transmitted at the outset essentially parallel to field line 11 via an antenna as a right hand circularly polarized wave and at a frequency capable of excitinq electron cyclotron resonance in plasma 12 at the particular altitude of plasma 12. This causes heating of the particles (electrons, ions, neutrals, and particulates) and ionization of the uncharged particles adjacent line 11, all of which are absorbed into plasma 12 to increase the density thereof. While continuing to transmit electromagnetic radiation 20 from antenna 15, a second electromagnetic radiation beam 31, which is at a defined frequency different from the radiation from antenna 15, is transmitted from one or more second sources via antenna 32 into layer 30 and is absorbed into a portion of layer 3D.The electromagnetic radiation wave from antenna 32 is amplitude modulated to match a known mode of oscillation in layer 30. This creates a resonance in layer 30 which excites a new plasma wave 33 which also has a frequency of f and which then propogates through the ionosphere.

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Method and apparatus for altering a region in the Earth's atmosphere, ionosphere, and/or magnetosphere us Patent No. 4 686 605
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When Earth's magnetic field is aligned opposite to that of the solar wind, gaping holes can allow the energized particles to pour in and collect in an outer region of the magnetosphere called the boundary
layer. At the magnetopause, the

interaction of fast streaming solar wind plasma and stagnant plasma in the magnetosphere creates vortices. The swirls of electrified gas are nearly 40,000 kilometers in diameter. It takes roughly 10 minutes for a vortex to form and collapse, and they are created continuously.

Stability of a plane plasma is affected in a field of constant external gravitational force. There are some kinds of MHD instabilities can be classified as gravitational instabilities, i.e., flute instabi lity, Rayleigh.. aylor instabi lity, interchange insta bility T Rayleigh-Taylor instability occurs when a heavy fluid is placed over a light one; the role of the heavy fluid is played by the plasma, and the role .ofthe light one, by the magnetic field. The development of the flute instability ina plasma can be ascribed to interchange of the flux tubes filled with plasma. The magnetic field strength and the shape of the lines of force remain constant, but the plasma volume and pressure in the tubes change.Theenergy accumulated in the plasma-magnetic field system changes accordingly. Instability may appear, caused by the interchange of the flux tubes for different magnetic field configurations. Gravitational collapse is the inward fall of a body due to the influence of its own gravity. In any stable body, this gravitational force is counterbalanced by the internal pressure of the body, in the opposite direction to the force of gravity (gravity being generally orientated to the center of mass). If the inwards pointing gravitational force, however, is stronger than the total combination of the outward pointing forces, the equilibrium becomes unbalanced and a collapse occurs until the internal pressure increases above that of the gravitational force and equilibrium attained.

The plasma universe consists of swirling streams of electrons and ions flowing in filaments. Where pairs of these spaghetti like structures interact, the particle gain kinetic energy and at narrow 'pinch' regions produce the entire range of galaxy types as well as the full spectrum of cosmic electromagnetic radiation.
Galaxies lie 'like pearl beads on a necklace' along filaments.

The bulk of the filaments are invisible from a distance, much like the Birkeland currents that circle the Earth but are invisible.

Stars within 10 Iy Alpha Centauri 3;'; Barnard's Star Lalande 21185 Luyten 726-8 AB Ross 154 Sirius 2 Wolf 359

Fro m 10 to 20 IY 36 Ophiuchi 3?* 40 (Omicron2) Erida ni 3 (Keid)* 61 Cygni 2* 70 Ophiuchi .2?* 82 Eridani* Altair CD-46 11540/ GI 674 CD-49 13515 / GI 832 Delta Pavo nis* DENIS 1048-39 DX Cancri Epsilon Eridani* Epsilon Indi* Eta Cassiopeiae 2 (Achird)* EV Lacertae EZ Aquarii 3 Gliese .229 GI 570 / HR 5568 ABC" Gliese 876 !Ross 780 Groombridge 34 AB Groombrid ge 1618 J. Herschel 5173 AB* Kapteyn's Star Lacaille 8760 / AX Mic Lacaille 9352 LHS 1565! GJ 1061 (LP 944-.20) Luyten's Star Procyon 2 Ross 128 Ross 248 Sigma Draconis (Alsafi)" Struve 2398 AB Tau Ceti* Teegarden's Star (UGPS 0722-05) Van Maanen's Star Wolf424 AB Wolf 1055 AB / VB's Star

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Boris Petrovic. Whole Earth System Scientist and Noospheric Philosopher. engineer of tele-automation systems, a researcher into Testa's 'World system", Earth's magnetosphere, ionosphere and magnetic reconnection. Boris is an associate of The Serbian "Nikola Tesla Society in Belgrade, the Tesla Science Foundation in Philadelphia and founding member of the Noosphere Forum. Through cooperation with the International Scientific Research Institute for Cosmic Anthropo-Ecology in Novosibirsk and the Foundation of the Law of Time in Oregon he works on the study of cosmic consciousness, access to intensified consciousness and altered states, including non-linear time and telepathy. Research of res la's wireless energy transfer, in his Belgrade laboratory, uncovers the potential energy field of "instantaneous locality" that underlies our reality, and facilitates communication with Earth's cosmic neighborhood. Currently, he is involved in ecological and cultural projects in biosphere design and self-sustainable communities, promoting the integrated model of self-sustainable habitat in Portugal- the Tamera Solar Village and working in Brasilia through the Brazilian Ecovillage Movement focusing on new models of living systems and long-term survival of the human species and civilization. He is the Director of the Noosphere Technology Center in Itiquira, Brazil.

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