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UNIT 4 : WHEN / WHILE

Talking about past events and states in the past

To be in the Past Form ....3 Regular / Irregular Verbs ...8 Simple Past Tense ......9 Wh- Questions in the Simple Past Tense12

Talking about past events and past narratives

Past Continuous Tense .18 Simple Past or Past Continuous ?.......................... 22

When / While . 23 When . ..24 While 25

TO BE FL To be fiili olmak anlamna gelir ve geni zamanda znelerden sonra am/is/are yardmc fiiline d nr. Gemi zamanda ise was/were yardmc fiiline dnr. Bylelikle gemi zamandaki bir durumu anlatmamza yardmc olur. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES (OLUMLU CMLELER)

TODAY

YESTERDAY

TODAY

YESTERDAY

She is at home today. She was at work yesterday. (O bugn evde.) (O dn iteydi.)

They were unhappy yesterday, but they are happy today. (Onlar dn mutsuzdu, fakat bugn mutlu.)

NEGATIVE SENTENCES (OLUMSUZ CMLELER)

Ali wasnt in the classroom yesterday, because he was very ill. (Ali dn snfta deildi, nk ok hastayd.)

Her boyfriend wasnt at the party last Sunday. (Geen Pazar onun erkek arkada partide deildi.)

QUESTION SENTENCES (SORU CMLELER)

Wh- sorularnda soru kelimesi was ve were yardmc fiillerinden nce yazlr.

was ve were yardmc fiillerinden sonra asla fiil kullanlmaz.

She was sleep.

She slept.

Gemi zamandaki cmlelerin sonuna gelebilecek Zaman Belirteleri (Time Expressions) tablodaki gibidir.

ETKNLK
Verilen boluklara to be fiilini doru ekilde yerletiriniz.

1. It rainy yesterday, but it ... sunny today.

2. She .... slim in the past, but she .... overweight now.

3. He .. cute in his childhood. He .. in his thirties and he ........ very strict now.

4. stanbul . very crowded today, but it .. not crowded in the past.

5. Mary hardworking nowadays, but Bob .. very lazy.

6. My grandma . young thirty years ago, but now she old.

VERBS (FLLER) Fiilleri ngilizcede ekimlerine gre ikiye ayrrz.

VERBS

Regular Verbs (Dzenli Fiiller) Dzenli fiilleri ekimlerken fiile ed taks getiririz. Present watch look invent play Past watched looked invented played

Irregular Verbs (Dzensiz Fiiller) Dzensiz fiiller ise ekimlenirken hal deitirir. Present run buy go have Past ran bought went had

REGULAR VERBS (DZENL FLLER) : Dzenli fiilleri present halinden past haline ekimlerken ounluklu -ed taks getiririz. Ama baz fiillerde bu kuralda ufak deiiklikler olur.

A. Eer fiil -e harfi ile bitiyorsa, fiili 2. Haline geirmek iin sadece -d taks getiririz. arrive arrived like liked love loved introduce introduced

B. Fiil -y harfiyle bitiyorsa ve bu harften nce sessiz bir harf varsa -y der ve fiile -ied ekleriz. study studied cry cried

C. Fiil -y harfiyle bitiyorsa fakat bu harften nce sesli bir harf varsa fiile -ed taks getiririz ve harf dmesi olmaz.

stay stayed play played

D. Fiil sessiz + sesli + sessiz harf dzeni iinde yaplanmsa, -ed taks getirirken fiilin son harfini tekrarlarz. stop stopped tap tapped transmit transmitted

Simple Past Tense Simple Past Tense gemite balayp sona eren olaylar ve durumlar ifade etmek iin kullanlr. Bu zaman Trkede -dili gemi zamana denktir ve Trkeye -d, -di olarak evrilir.

I studied in the library. (Ktphanede altm.)

We played chess yesterday. (Dn satran oynadk.)

Tim didnt read the book. (Tim kitab okumad.)

Mark broke his leg. (Mark ayan krd.)

Birinci diyalogta kardaki kiinin dilerini fralayp fralamad, ikinci diyalogta ise kardakinin arkada ile buluup bulumad soruluyor, cevap veren kiiler ise Evet, dilerimi fraladm. Ya da Hayr, arkadalarmla bulumadm. Diyor. Yani yeni bir bilgi vermeyip, ilk konumaclarn sorduklar bilgileri onaylyorlar.

A: Did your parents do the shopping? B: Yes, they did. Cmleleri Gemi Zaman kullanarak tamamlaynz.

A: Did the plane arrive at 5:30? B: No, it didnt. It arrived at 6:00.

1.

2.

3.

go to the party walk by the sea be with family read a history book

TIM yes no no yes

SALLY yes yes yes no

1. Did Sally go to the party? 2. Did Tim walk by the sea? 3. Did Tim go to the party? 4. Did Sally live with her family?

Yes, she did. . . . 10

5. Did Sally read a history book? 6. Did Tim live with his family? 7. Did Tim read a history book?

. . .

Wh- Questions (What, Where, Who, When, Why, How, Whose) WHAT : Ne anlamna gelir. Nesneyi sormak iin kullanlr.

What did you eat? I ate fruit.

What did they play? They played hide and seek.

WHERE? : Nerede, nereye anlamna gelir. Yer sormak iin kullanlr.

A: Where did you go on holiday? B: I went to Kapadokya.

A: Where did Aylin eat his lunch? B: She ate in the kitchen.

WHO? : Kim anlamna gelir. zne ya da nesne konumundaki kiiyi sormak iin kullanlr.

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A: Who went to library? B: Nobody.

A: Who did Tom Cruise love? B: He loved Nicole Kidman.

WHEN? : Ne zaman anlamna gelir. Zaman sormak iin kullanlr.

A: When did he go on holiday? B: He went on holiday in winter.

A: When did the schools finish? B: They finished in summer.

WHY? : Niin anlamna gelir. Sebep sormak iin kullanlr.

A: Why did you go to the doctor? B: Because I had a toothache.

A: Why did you go by train? B: Because it was cheap.

HOW? : Nasl anlamna gelir. Fiilleri niteleyen zarflar sormak iin kullanlr.

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A: How did you go to school? B:I went to school by bus.

A: How did she eat her lunch? B: She ate quickly.

WHOSE? : Kimin anlamna gelir. Sahiplikleri sormak iin kullanlr.

A: Whose bag did you take? B: I took my mums bag.

A: Whose quote did you say? B: I said Atatrks quote.

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ETKNLK
Diyaloglardaki sorular tamamlaynz.

1.

2.

3.

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4.

5.

ETKNLK
Cevaplara gre sorular biz yazalm.

1. Who invented the radio?

Marconi invented the radio.

2.

He drank some lemonade.

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3.

..

Jack ate two sandwiches.

4.

I went to bed at 9.

5. ..? Christopher Columbus discovered America.

ETKNLK
Verilen cmlelerin olumsuz ve soru hallerini yazalm.

1. The baby cried all night. (-) (?)

2. We took a taxi yesterday. (-) (?)

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3. Mary went to Australia for the Olympic Games. (-) (?)

4. Tourists visited the Maiden Tower. (-) (?)

5. Students took the final exam last week. (-) (?)

PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE (Gemi Zamann Hikayesi) Gemi zamanda belli bir sre yaplm ve bitmi olaylar anlatmak iin kullanlan yapdr. Sren olaylar anlatt iin fiillerde ing eki kullanlr.

The owl was singing all night. (Bayku gece boyunca tryordu.)

Grandad was telling stories to his grandchild. (Dede torununa masallar anlatyordu.)

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Mr. And Mrs. Jason were having dinner last night. (Bay ve Bayan Jason dn akam yemek yiyorlard.) AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES (OLUMLU CMLELER) NEGATIVE SENTENCES (OLUMSUZ CMLELER)

He was washing his car. (Arabasn ykyordu.) QUESTION SENTENCES (SORU CMLELER)

She wasnt sleeping. (O uyumuyordu.) SHORT ANSWERS (KISA CEVAPLAR)

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Were they eating lunch? (le yemei mi yiyorlard?

A: Was your dad reading the newspaper? B: Yes, he was.

A: Were the children playing games? B: No, they werent.

ETKNLK
Sorulan sorulara resimlere gre cevap yaznz.

1. A: Were you sleeping last night? B: . 19

2. A: What were you studying? (Maths) B: .

3. A: Who were you playing football with? (friends) B: .

4. A: Was your dad working in a factory? B: .

5. A. Why was she doing exercises? B: .

ETKNLK
retmenin Dn akam ne yapyordunuz? sorusuna rencilerin verdii cevaplar yaznz.

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(play computer games)

(study)

(clean our room)

(read books)

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(solve problems)

(help mum)

SIMPLE PAST OR PAST CONTINUOUS ? Simple Past Tense (dili gemi zaman) gemite belli bir zamanda olup biten eylemleri ifade etmek iin kullanlr. Past Continuous Tense (imdiki zamann hikayesi) ise gemite belli bir zamanda devam etmekte olan eylemleri ifade etmek iin kullanlr.

Simple Past I studied English an hour ago.

Past Continuous I was studying English when my friend came.


Arkadam geldiinde ben alma

Yaplan eylem bir saat nce

belirlenmi kesin bir zamanda sona ermitir. kinci bir eylem yoktur. Eylem yaplm ve u anda sona ermitir.

eyleminin ortasndaydm. almam bitmemiti, ikinci eylem gerekletiinde (arkadamn gelmesi) devam etmekteydi.

WHEN & WHILE


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When Simple Past Tense Past Continuous Tense While Past Continuous Tense Simple Past Tense

When ve While balalar iki cmlenin bana gelebilecei gibi; iki cmlenin ortasnda da bulunabilir. Bu durumda nemli olan Whenden sonra gelen cmlenin yine Simple Past Tense, ve Whiledan sonra gelen cmlenin yine Past Continuous Tense olmasdr. Anlamda ise hibir deiiklik olmaz.

Past Continuous Tense

when Simple Past Tense

Simple Past Tense while Past Continuous Tense

WHEN BALACI When balac iki cmleyi birbirine balar ve kendisinden sonra Simple Past Tense kullanlr. 23

When the phone rang, I was having a shower. (Telefon aldnda, ben du alyordum.)

When I got home, my parents were having dinner. (Eve geldiimde, ailem akam yemei yiyordu.)

When I opened the window for some fresh air, it was snowing outside. (Biraz temiz hava iin cam atmda, darda kar yayordu.)

WHILE BALACI While balac iki cmleyi birbirine balar ve kendisinden sonra Past Continuous Tense kullanlr. 24

While he was riding the bicycle, he broke his leg.

(Bisiklet srerken, bacan krd.)

While she was chopping vegetables, the cook cut her finger.

(Sebze dorarken, a parman krd.)

While Emily was cleaning the house, she dropped and broke the vase. (Emily temizlik yaparken, vazoyu drd ve krd.)

ETKNLK Yangn ktnda kimin ne yaptn yaznz. When the fire broke out,

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(Sam / check his mails) 1. Sam was checking his mails.

(Manager / read the reports) 2. ..

(Mrs. Ryan / talk on the phone) 3. ..

(Staff / have daily meeting) 4. ..

(Mrs. Burn / clean the house) 5. ..

(Martin / serve tea and coffee) 6. ..

ETKNLK Boluklar doldurunuz.

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Last Sunday, the weather (be) very good. It .. (be) sunny and hot. I .. (go) to the park with my dad. While we .. (have) picnic, I .. (see) a lot of people around. Two women . (chat), a man .. (skate), his friend . (cycle) and . (look) at his cat. His cat ... (play) with the butterfly on a flower. Another boy . (play) with his kite. The most interesting thing . (be) a clown. A clown .. (ride) his scooter. I think we all (have) a wonderful day.

ETKNLK

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Aada anlatlan ryay, Simple Past Tense ve Past Continuous ile uygun ekilde doldurunuz.

Last night, I . (have) a nightmare. In my dream, I (walk) in the street alone. It . (be) very dark and cold. I (not have) my coat on. While I .. (go), a cat . (follow) me. Suddenly, a car .. (stop) next to me. As I (try) to understand what was happening, the driver .. (cry) my name: Teresa! I .. (look) at hime but I (not know) him. He (be) a stranger. I couldnt answer him because my voice . (be) very low. Even I couldnt hear myself. As I . (try) to be noticed, another car .. (come) and (hit) me. I .. (lay) down on the street when the ambulance (come). The doctor .. (call) my name again: Teresa! Teresa! Then I (wake) up and .. (realise) that my mum .. (call) my name.

ETKNLK
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Parantez ierisinde verilen fiillerin uygun hallerini kullanarak cmleleri tamamlaynz.

1. I was driving when I saw my friend Tom on the road. 2. The thief . (catch) an old lady and he . (take) her bag. 3. When I (leave) home this morning, it (rain) heavily. 4. While I (look) form y socks under my bed, I (see) our cat there. 5. Tom and Betty (drink) coffee at the cafe when the bomb (explode). 6) My little dog (hurt) its leg while it (chase) a cat. 7. My fathers car (break) down while he (drive) to work. 8. While Mary (talk) on the phone, her father (enter) her room. 9.When the police (catch) the thieves, they (plan) a big bank robbery. 10. When we (come) back to our house, we (realize) that there was a thief in the living room.

ETKNLK
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Cmleleri Simple Past Tense ve Past Continuous Tense ile doldurunuz.


E.g. : I was watching TV when my mum came into the room. (watch / come) 1. My father cricket when he his leg. (play / break) 2. He computer game when his friend him. (play / call) 3. Shelia chicken when Kim her. (cook / phone) 4. John a book when Alice him. (read / visit) 5. I in my room when the ball my window. (sleee / hit) 6. martin in the class when the teacher him. (sleep / shout) 7. We in the garden when it to rain. (work / start) 8. Tom a video in his room when the electricity . (watch / go out) 9. Passengers to Thailand when the plane a mountain. (fly / crash) 10. Sandra and David from holiday they an accident. (come back / have)
ETKNLK
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Doru cevabn altn iziniz. E.g. : I was walking / walked down when I was breaking / broke my arm. 1.He was riding / rode a horse when he was falling / fell off. 2. What were you doing / did you do outside when the rain started / was starting? 3. We were having / had dinner when the guests were arriving / arrived? 4. While I was having / had a shower, my favourite programme ws starting / started? 5. Jane was doing / did her homework when the electricity was going out / went out. 6. While Dayson was waiting / waited for his friend, he was ordering / ordered a drink. 7. While Susan was walking / walked along the river, she was finding / found a wallet. 8. Shelia was falling / fell asleep while she was watching / watched a comedy film. 9. Tony was meeting / met Lise while he was going / went to the library? 10. When David saw / was seeing his grandmother, he hugged / was hugging her.
ETKNLK
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Aadaki cmleleri Simple Past Tense veya Past Continuous Tense kullanarak doldurunuz. E.g. : When I came in, the students were fighting. (fight)

1.When the lights went off, I .my exam. (study) 2. When the earthquake happened, everybody (sleep) 3. While we were having breakfast, the bell . (ring) 4. While Tue was waiting fort he school bus, a motorbike .her. (hit) 5. When I . (leave) school yesterday, it was snowing. 6. WHile Murat was riding a horse, he . (fall) off. 7.When the burglar broke into their house, they . (sleep) 8. He found a wallet while he . (walk) to school. 9. When I saw her at the seaside, she . (sunbathe) 10.When the teacher wanted the exam papers, students . (answer) the questions.

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