2 GS-57 Welding, PWHT, and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay

Approved Oct 02

Engineering Guides and General Specifications

2 GS-57 Welding, PWHT, and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay
Table of Contents
1. General.......................................... 2
1.1 Scope.................................................. 2 1.2 References ......................................... 2 1.3 Requirements ..................................... 3

3. Testing and Examination of Welds ............................................ 7
3.1 Chemical Analysis .............................. 7 3.2 Impact Tests ....................................... 8 3.3 NDE .................................................. 8

2. Welding ......................................... 3
2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 General ............................................... 3 Welding Procedures ........................... 3 Test Samples...................................... 4 Welding Processes............................. 4 Welding Consumables........................ 5 Preparations for Welding .................... 5 Production Welding ............................ 6 PWHT ................................................. 7

Table 1 - Overlay Materials and Required Overlay Analysis ......... 9 Table 2 - Single Sided Butt Welds in Overlayed Pipe........................... 11 Table 3 Weld Examination Requirements............................. 12

Drawings
2G57D1 2G57D2 Single Sided Butt Welds Field Joints for Base Material Requiring PWHT

Engineering Guides and General Specifications

Page 1 of 14

Butt welding Ends Steel Structures Painting Council (SSPC) SSPC SP-5/NACE No. and inspection of carbon steel pipe and alloy steel (up to 2 1/4 Cr-1 Mo) pipe that is internally overlayed with corrosion resistant material.Welding and Brazing Qualifications B31. Division 1 .2 Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping. 1 White Metal Blast Cleaning Engineering Guides and General Specifications Page 2 of 14 .2 References The latest edition/revision of the following industry standards and specifications shall be considered an integral part of this GS where applicable: 1.2.2. PWHT.Nondestructive Examination Section VIII.2 GS-57 Welding. 1. and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay Approved Oct 02 1.3 B16. postweld heat treatment (PWHT).1 Scope This General Specification (GS) covers requirements for overlay welding.1 American Society for Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section V . assembly welding. General 1.Pressure Vessels Section IX .25 1.

1 General 1. shall be submitted for approval to the purchaser prior to the start of fabrication. Qualification of welding procedures. Welding 2. if required.6" > 6" Pipe Size 1 1/2" . Weld map shall define procedures (and any alternates) applicable to both overlay welding and assembly welding as well as the nondestructive examination (NDE) requirements.3 Requirements Unless otherwise approved in writing. Engineering Guides and General Specifications Page 3 of 14 .2 GS-57 Welding. Required analysis for qualification of overlay welding shall conform to Table 1. and welding operators shall conform to Section IX of the ASME Code and this GS. 2.6" > 6" Schedule/Wall Thickness Schedule 160 0. 3.2 Welding Procedures 1. 2. unless otherwise specified.718" nominal wall Schedule/Wall Thickness Schedule 80 Schedule 40 Low Pressure (< Class 600) 2. Analysis requirement shall be carefully specified by the corrosion engineer because the overlay weld chemistries in Table 1 do not match equivalent wrought or clad material chemistries and with dilution may have lower corrosion resistance. welders. PWHT. 2. Welding procedures and qualifications. Typical weld maps defining the applicable combinations of base material/internal overlay and diameters/thickness of the pipe are acceptable. minimum schedule/wall thickness of pipe to be internally overlayed shall be: High Pressure (≥ Class 600) Pipe size 1 1/2" . and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay Approved Oct 02 1. A weld map shall be submitted with the procedures.

1 Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) 1. May be used for overlay welding and fill passes of butt welds.4. 3. 3. and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay Approved Oct 02 2.3 Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) 1. Alloying elements shall be in the wire. except for root pass. Low hydrogen electrodes shall be used for joining ferritic base material. Engineering Guides and General Specifications Page 4 of 14 .4.4 Welding Processes The following welding processes may be used subject to the requirements listed below each one: 2. 2. 2. 2. May be used for assembly fabrication root pass (butt welds) and overlay welding. attachment welds.2 GS-57 Welding. May be used for hot pass and fill passes of butt welds.3 Test Samples 1. SAW flux/wire combination used for production welds shall be of the same brand as that used for qualification of procedure except for carbon steel.4. 2. Samples may not be required for combinations of materials previously submitted and currently approved by the purchaser.4 Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) 1.2 Shield Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) 1. and overlay welding on accessible surfaces such as flange faces. "Short-circuiting" mode shall not be used. 2. May be used for root passes and hot passes. 2. May be used for overlay welding and root pass and fill passes of butt welds. 4. PWHT. 2. 2. not the flux. if possible.5". Maximum weld deposit depth per pass shall be 0. Maximum weld deposit depth per pass shall be 3/8" except for root pass. For overlay welding a 12” x 12” test sample representing each combination of pipe base material/overlay material and WPS/PQR shall be submitted to the purchaser for evaluation by the purchaser prior to start of welding.4. 2.

dirt. Surfaces to be welded shall be clean and free from paint. shall be 1/16". PWHT. 6.5 Welding Consumables 1. Unless otherwise specified. oxides. 2. oil. 2. Discontinuities and/or sharp edges in tack welds shall be removed prior to application of the first pass. 2.6 Preparations for Welding 2. Joint fit-up shall be within the acceptable limits of the preferred method of ASME B31. Surfaces to be overlayed shall be blasted in accordance with SSPC SP5. Preheating of welds.4. 3. scale. Cleaned zone shall be a minimum of 1" on each side of weld. 2. including tack welds and temporary attachment welds. 2. bright metal prior to application of overlay. 8. and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay Approved Oct 02 2. Engineering Guides and General Specifications Page 5 of 14 . machined or ground to clean. alignment fixtures welded to pipe shall have the same weld chemical composition as the pipe metal and shall be removed and inspected to ensure no cracks are present after weld completion.1 General 1.3 for a full penetration weld. Unequal internal diameters shall be contoured or tapered on a 1:3 slope in accordance with ASME B16. Runoff tabs shall be made from the same material as the base material being overlayed. 4.25. including long seam. Maximum internal misalignment. Tubular alloy-filled electrodes may be used for welding alloys. other welding processes shall not be used. Backing rings shall not be used. and other foreign material detrimental to weld integrity. 3.6.2 Joint Fit-Up 1.2 GS-57 Welding. 7. Fabricator shall review and document the chemical analysis of each heat of filler material prior to production welding to verify that the filler material meets the chemistry and ferrite requirements in this GS. 2. if these electrodes have been used for qualification of the welding procedures.3.6. 5.5 Other Welding Process Unless otherwise approved in writing by the purchaser. shall conform to ASME B31.

Remainder of the weld may be completed using any of the processes specified in this GS.1 General 1.7.2 GS-57 Welding. end preps for field joints for piping as detailed below shall be buttered in accordance with drawing 2G57D2 and then subjected to PWHT. Piping made from 2 1/4 Cr-1 Mo and 1 1/4 Cr-1/2 Mo in all thickness. 1. 2. including the required chemical analysis for procedure qualification and production testing. 2. Carbon steel piping > 3/4” thickness. 4. Overlay materials shall conform to Table 1.7. Butt welds made prior to internal overlay shall be made with filler material of the same nominal composition as the base metal.7. Thickness of root and first hot pass shall be approximately the same as that of the overlay. 3.3 Single Sided Butt Welds 1. 3. 2. For parts assembled prior to overlay welding. Required inspections and tests of overlayed (such as liquid penetrant) pipe shall be completed prior to further assembly fabrication of the pipe. 2.7. 2. PWHT.4 Two-Sided Butt Welds 1.2 Field End Preps Unless otherwise specified.7 Production Welding 2. requires prior written approval by the purchaser. Unless otherwise specified. and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay Approved Oct 02 4. Internal protrusion shall be smooth and a maximum of 1/16” to allow for the internal overlay. analysis of filler metal used to complete the weld shall conform to Table 2. nominal thickness of overlay shall be 1/16" to 1/4". 2. Engineering Guides and General Specifications Page 6 of 14 . Weld preps for field welds shall be measured and fit-up in the shop before shipment. Refer to drawing 2G57D1. Use of other materials. the weld metal joining the parts shall have the same nominal chemical composition as the base metal. Unless otherwise specified. 2. 2.

Holding times at designated PWHT temperatures shall be a minimum of one hour per inch of thickness or fraction thereof.0%. Furnace heating and cooling rates shall conform to paragraph UCS-56. 4.1 Mo steel shall be subjected to PWHT after welding or hot bending. Testing and Examination of Welds 3..1% Mo (Class 1) Temperature 1125 to 1175°F 1300 to 1350°F 1300 to 1350°F 6.0%. Welds shall be chemically analyzed in accordance with Table 3. Chemical analyses shall be carried out either by laboratory spectroscopic technique or x-ray fluorescence/optical emission (e. ferrite content for austenitic stainless steels shall be 4. and shall be kept by the fabricator for a minimum of six months after completion of work. Unless otherwise specified by purchaser.8 PWHT 1. 7. and holding times.0% to 9.g. 3. Texas Nuclear Analyzer). 8. 2. 5. Engineering Guides and General Specifications Page 7 of 14 . 3. Equipment shall be provided to record component metal temperatures and to control heating rates. cooling rates. 5. Section VIII. etc. Maximum allowable furnace temperature at the start of PWHT shall be 800°F.1/2% Mo (Class 1) 2 1/4% Cr .0% to 12. Ferrite content for operating temperatures below 800°F may be 3. Elements analyzed and acceptance criteria for overlay welds shall conform to Table 1. heat number. 4. Tests may be performed on actual items or on run-off tabs from the production pieces. two hours minimum. PWHT temperatures shall be as follows: Material Carbon steel 1 1/4% Cr . Charts shall be transmitted to the purchaser. PWHT. Charts of the component metal temperatures shall be produced for all PWHTs. 3. Run-off tabs shall be properly identified with S/N. Ferritic 1 1/4 Cr-1/2 Mo and 2 1/4 Cr .2 GS-57 Welding. ASME Pressure Vessel Code.1 Chemical Analysis 1. and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay Approved Oct 02 2. For Class 2 base materials (enhanced properties) the PWHT temperature shall be agreed to by the purchaser. 2.

PWHT.1 General 1. hardness of base metal shall not exceed 200 HB.3. 3. Hardness shall not exceed 210HB for fittings with enhanced strength properties. 2. There are no weld metal hardness requirements for butt welds when they are made with nickel base filler metal.1 Mo 241 HB 3.3. If hardness exceeds 200 HB. Unless otherwise specified. for sulfur and halogen content regardless of the type of material to be examined. Section V of ASME Code.3 Radiography 1. Purchaser reserves the right to approve final radiographs prior to shipment. 3. 3.3 NDE 3.3. 3. Unless otherwise specified.1/2 Mo 225 HB 2 1/4 Cr . 2. NDE procedures.2 Impact Tests 1. and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay Approved Oct 02 Comment: Greater ferrite content is allowed for alloys such as 317L. 3. techniques. and defect evaluation shall conform to ASME B31. 2. the purchaser shall be contacted prior to proceeding.2 Liquid Penetrant Examination Penetrant materials shall conform to paragraph T-644 of Article 6.3 or applicable piping class specification. Acceptance criteria of test results shall conform to ASME B31. Radiographs taken during fabrication shall be made available for examination by the purchaser. Impact testing of procedure qualification welds shall be carried out if impact testing of the base material is required.3.4 Hardness 1.2 GS-57 Welding. Engineering Guides and General Specifications Page 8 of 14 . Extent of supplementary NDE shall conform to Table 3.3. 2. maximum hardness of pressure retaining welds made with matching fill metal shall be as follows: Carbon Steel 225 HB 1 1/4 Cr .

0 16.0-20.0-23. 11 2 4.5 max Engineering Guides and General Specifications Page 9 of 14 .04 0.08 0.5-14.3 0.5-21.0-14.0 19.5 14.04 0.10 0.0-12.0 8.53.OF LAYERS C Max.10 0.15-4. 11 6. (13) PQR Std.5 6.0-21.01 17.69 55 .0 – 12.55 8-12 12-15 12-15 12-15 10-14 10-14 11-15 11-15 9-13 9-13 23-28 38-46 58 min 58 min 58 min 72 min 72 min 63-70 63-70 63-70 99 min 5163. 10.Overlay Materials and Required Overlay Analysis OVERLAY TYPE NO.0-10.03 0. 9.5-4.5 16.5-21.5 8.0 14 .0 10.0 8.0-21.15 0.04 0.0-10.5 20-23 20-23 20-23 14-17 14-17 14.15 18-20 22-24 22-24 22-24 16-18 16-18 18-20 18-20 17-19 17-19 19-23 19.5 18.15-4.0 17.5-23.5 16.5 8.15 3.0 2.10 0.05 0.5-11. 7. 6.0-3.08 0.0-4.0-17.0-21.15 0.5 2.15 0.3 0.69 90 . and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay Approved Oct 02 Table 1 . (13) PQR Cr Std.15-4.5-21.10 0.5 8.5-21.5-4.5 8. PQR Std (13) Cb PQR Std.3 0.5-3. 10 7 12 2.5 18-25 38-46 50-55 50-65 55-65 50-70 50-70 60 .0 2. (13) Fe Max.0 3.0-17. 11 7 4.04 0.3 0.0 3.5 18.0 3.05 0. 5.15 2.03 0.0-10.0 2.10 0.0 3.3 0.0 7.5-16. PQR Std.0-12. PWHT.69 55 .5-11.15 3. (13) Notes 308L 309L 309L 309MoL 316L (ESW) 316L 317L (ESW) 317L 347 (ESW) 347 904L Alloy 825 Alloy 625 Alloy 625(ESW) Alloy 625 Alloy 600(ESW) Alloy 600 Alloy 400(ESW) Alloy 400 Alloy 400 Nickel 200 Alloy 276 Other 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 3 2 2 0. 7 4.03 0.03 0.03 0.3 0.15 0.10 0.0-4.0 2.0-23.04 0.02 0.03 0.15 0.08 0. 11 2 4.0-18.5 16.5 max 2.0-4.5 16. 7 4.0-3.16 2-3 2-3 2-3 2-3 3-4 3-4 4-5 2. (13) PQR Ni REQUIRED ANALYSIS (Note 1) Mo Std.04 0.5 14.03 0.5-14. 3 4 2 2 4.04 0.04 0.03 0.0 11-14.0-3.5 2.5 16.5 16.5 8-10 8-10 8-10 - - 15-17 20 15 15 15 15 5 15 10 5 15 22 min 5 5 5 6-10 6-10 2.0-23.5 16.5 17.4 4-7 8 xC min 8 xC min 10 xC min 10 xC min 2.0 2.5 10. 11 9.0-23.5 2.5 13 . 11 2 Cu>1.5-4.0-12.0 3 4.15 0.5-21.08 0. 10 9.0 7.5 10.5 15.04 0.5 0.95 50 .0-20.08 0.2 GS-57 Welding. 8.

or SAW. Other types of overlay shall conform to the Project Specific Appendix or the Purchase 12. GMAW. or ENiCrFe-2 (minimum 13% Chromium) 9. Cu . Optional 1 layer overlay only if specified by the purchaser in writing. Method of overlay. Fabricator can propose a one pass overlay performed by SMAW.balance.25 max. Ti . ASTM G 48. Si . 13. Surface analysis shall be performed at a depth of one-half the minimum specified thickness as qualified in the welding procedure. GMAW. 11. paragraph 7.4) must be passed. A ferricyanide test (ASTM A 380. Minimum Pitting Resistance Equivalent Coefficient: 40 7. no free iron is 10. Pitting and Crevice Corrosion Coefficient: Max 5 mpy 8. Minimum Pitting Resistance Equivalent Coefficient: 30 6.. Order. allowed.3. PQR must include a hydrogen disbonding test.4.0 max. and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay Approved Oct 02 Notes 1. 5. Also for Alloy 400: Mn .. and analysis from actual tests are required with the original proposal. 4.. Modifications with Type 309L such as additions of Mo or Cb to help meet the analysis requirements for the final layer may be used for the first layer if they were used to qualify the procedure. Al .25 max.1.1.1.0 max.. 2.2 GS-57 Welding. 3. GTAW. Chemistry for wrought equivalent in ASME Section Engineering Guides and General Specifications Page 10 of 14 . nominal thickness. and SAW overlay process use ERNiCr-3 filler for SMAW use ENiCrFe-3 (minimum 50% nickel). For GTAW. PWHT.

4 1. 2.4 1. Or ENiCrMo-3 for SMAW. If specified by purchaser. Alloy 625 for design temperature up to 1000°F. 4.2 GS-57 Welding. Or ENiCu-7 for SMAW.4 1.Single Sided Butt Welds in Overlayed Pipe OVERLAY TYPE 308L 309MoL 316L 317L 347 625 600 400 ROOT AND HOT PASS 309L 309MoL 309MoL 309MoL 309MoL ERNiCrMo-3 (Alloy 625) ERNiCr-3 (Alloy 600) ERNiCu-7 (Alloy 600) FILL PASSES ERNiCrMo-3 (Alloy 625) ERNiCr-Mo-3 (Alloy 625) ERNiCrMo-3 (Alloy 625) ERNiCrMo-3 (Alloy 625) ERNiCrMo-3 (Alloy 625) ERNiCrMo-3 (Alloy 625) ERNiCrMo-3 (Alloy 625) ERNiCu-7 NOTES 1.2.2 3 Notes 1.4 1.4 1. PWHT.2 1. and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay Approved Oct 02 Table 2 .2.2.2.2. 309L/309MoL may be allowed for fill passes of butt welds Engineering Guides and General Specifications Page 11 of 14 . 3. Materials for higher temperatures requires prior Shell approval.

8) 10% (7. Repairs Magnetic Particle (1)(3)(13) Liquid UltraPenetrant RadioSonic Hardness (1)(2) Graphy (1)(3) (3)(4) Chemistry (3)(13) (2)(3)(13) (13) (8)(13) (3)(17) 100% 5% (16) 100% 100% 10% 10% 10%(12) 10% 10%(7) Carbon Steel 150-600 Butt Socket Weld (13) Weldo-let (9) Stub-in-nozzle Fillet (10) 10% Carbon Steel 900 Butt Socket Weld (15) Weldo-let(11) Stub-in-nozzle Fillet (10) 10% 10% 10% 10%(12) 10% 100% 10% (7. 8) (7. 8) 10% (7) (7. 8) 10%(7. Attach. 8) (7. 8) (7) 100% (7. 8) 10%(7) 10% (7. 8) (7. PWHT. 16) (15. 8) 10%(7. 8) 10% (7. 8) (7. 16) (15. 16) (15. 8) (7) 100% (7. 8) 10% (7) 10%(7. 8) 10% (7. 8) (7) 20% 20%(12) 10% 20% 20%(12) 100% 10% 10%(12) 10% 100% 10% (5) Carbon Steel 1500-2500 Butt Socket Weld (15) Weldolet (11) Stub-in-nozzle Fillet (12) 100% (16) 10% (7) (16) 10% (7) (16) 10% (7) (16) 10% (7) (16) 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% (13. 8) (7. and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay Approved Oct 02 Table 3 - Weld Examination Requirements Base Material Type All ANSI Pressure Class All Type Of Weld Overlay Temp. 16) (15. 16) (15.2 GS-57 Welding. 16) (15. 16) (15. 16) Chrome-Moly (1%-2 1/4% Cr) 150-900 Butt Socket Weld (15) Weldo-let(11) Stub-in-nozzle Fillet (10) Chrome-Moly (1%-2 1/4% Cr) 1500-2500 Butt Socket Weld(15) Weldo-let(11) Stub-in-nozzle Fillet (10) Engineering Guides and General Specifications Page 12 of 14 . 14) (15. 8) 10% (7. 8) (7. 16) (15.

3. This examination shall be in addition to the 10% examination requirement. A minimum of two readings per weld shall be taken on piping 6" through 12" size. 4. hardness testing shall be performed on welds in the as. and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay Approved Oct 02 Notes 1. If PWHT is not required. where a welder has made only one or two welds. 7.welded condition. For magnetic materials.) 225 225 Steel 241 Steel Maximum Hardness HB (a. The requirement for 10% weld examination shall mean that 10% of the production welds on Shell's work shall be randomly selected throughout the fabrication period. 100% examination of all welds on the job made by the welder in question shall satisfy Shell's requirements. 10% of the production welds shall be hardness tested with the number of hardness tests per weld as specified in note 4. When progressive examination of a welder's work is required basis of ASME B31. nozzle. Engineering Guides and General Specifications Page 13 of 14 . For nozzle welds the weldment shall be examined before fitting the reinforcing pad. In these cases.1/2% Mo 2-1/4% Cr . Hardness testing shall be performed after PWHT.2 GS-57 Welding. a minimum of one reading per 15" of weld length shall be taken (the longitudinal welds on ASTM fusion welded and API ERW pipe are excluded). but the preferred method is magnetic particle. A minimum of one reading per weld shall be taken on piping 4" size and smaller. PWHT. and weldolet welds. 10% radiography shall be interpreted to random radiography requirements. 2. Hardness testing is not required for welds made with nickel base filler metals. These examinations shall include 10% of the production welds made by each welder. and after completing the weld. General 1 1/4% Cr . On piping over 12" size. the follow up examinations shall be made only on Shell's work and on welds of the same metallurgy made by the same welding procedure as used to make the defective weld.) 5. 6.3 -.1% Mo a. if one is required. Hardness limits shall be as follows: Material Carbon Steel. Contour grinding of welds on the outside surface is required only to the extent that clarity of liquid penetrant and radiographic examination can be maintained. the first production weld made by each welder shall be examined.100% radiography shall be interpreted to 100% radiography requirements. Additionally. either magnetic particle or liquid penetrant testing can be used for testing the fillet.base filler material. Radiographic acceptance criteria shall conform to ASME B31. 3. Hardness requirement does not apply to weld metal made with Ni . The highest hardness for each weld shall be recorded on the fabricator's spool sheets for the purchaser's review and owner's file.

2 GS-57 Welding. Mo.3.3. the examination includes the root pass and the final weld. the following shall be analyzed for: Alloy 625 . shoes. 17. bossets. Automatic Welding: For each combination of procedure/type of piece (pipe. 11. to 1/32" as given in Section IX. 13. support slips. the first production piece. and specific Shell approval has been obtained. the deposit shall be analyzed for Cr and Mo and shall be within the limits of the base material. the 10% applies to each procedure. This refers to all fillet welds EXCEPT socketwelds. Alloy pipe and fittings shall be subject to PMI in accordance with 2 GS-55. Ultrasonic inspection may be substituted where. An analysis (one weld per welder. 15. Also. the acceptable value limit shall be changed from zero as given in B31. for each welder. as measured with a ruler on the film. Table 341.2a. UT procedure has been qualified. flange. If more than one welding procedure is used.Ni. Manual or Semi-automatic Welding: The same as for automatic welding except that in addition. This inspection refers to pipe run to "O-let" type weld including but not limited to: weldolets. etc. Cr. 12. as measured with a ruler on the film. etc. where 10% or 100% examination is required. The acceptance criteria will be per ASME B31.o-lets when used in ANSI class 150 service. welding position. For nozzle and weldolet welds. e. for incomplete penetration (IP). the acceptable value limit for the depth of IP shall be changed from the 1/32" given in the Table to 1/16". 10. geometry allows. Cb NiCu-7 . thickness. 16. Table 341.6.)/and size. and integrally reinforced extended body valves.g. 10% of the welds for each procedure. This is due to the difficulty in getting an interpretable radiograph for this kind of indication. Include branch pipe to sock-o-let weld. 14. Also. Engineering Guides and General Specifications Page 14 of 14 . PWHT.6. and Inspection of Pipe with Internal Overlay Approved Oct 02 8. Acceptance criteria shall conform to ASME B31. for lack of fusion.3. per shift. The purchaser’s representative shall be given the option of selecting the welds to be tested. For welds completed in accordance with Table 2. sockolets. This is due to the difficulty in getting interpretable radiographs of this kind of indication. To be completed after removal and any required repairs. The selected welds shall be a representative sample of welds made on the job including: size. except that internal porosity and slag inclusions (or elongated indications) shall not be evaluated.3. except that internal porosity and slag inclusions (or elongated indications) shall not be evaluated. Cu For welds completed in accordance with paragraph 2. and slip on flanges.2A. per procedure) shall be taken from the weld deposit on circumferential welds. It is not applicable to thread. Thereafter. 9.Ni. Examination shall be to check: (l) the gap between the end of the pipe and the bottom of the fitting and (2) the weld quality.3.

2G57D1 SINGLE SIDED BUTT WELDS SHEET 1 OF 1 FEB 96 CARBON STEEL OR CHROME-MOLY ALLOY OVERLAY OR CLADDING METHOD 1 CARBON STEEL OR CHROME-MOLY EXTRA LAYER ON TOP OF OVERLAY ALLOY OVERLAY OR CLADDING NEAR WELD END FOR APPROX. FILL PASSES SHALL CONFORM TO TABLE 2. METHODS 2 OR 3 MAY BE USED TO AVOID DILUTION OF BASE MATERIAL INTO HOT PASS ON SINGLE PASS OVERLAYS. ROOT PASS AND HOT PASS SHALL HAVE SAME NOMINAL COMPOSITION AS THE OVERLAY. 2. 1/2" METHOD 2 CARBON STEEL OR CHROME-MOLY GRIND OR MACHINE BASE METAL BACK FROM WELD PREP PRIOR TO WELDING ALLOY OVERLAY OR CLADDING METHOD 3 NOTES: 1. .

2. AND MACHINING SHALL BE COMPLETED BY THE SHOP FABRICATOR. WELD SHALL BE COMPLETED IN THE FIELD USING ALLOY 625. 300 SERIES STAINLESS STEEL OR NICKEL BASED OVERLAY ALLOY 625 BUTTERING NOTES: 1. FIELD PWHT IS NOT REQUIRED.2G57D2 FIELD JOINTS FOR BASE MATERIAL REQUIRING PWHT SHEET 1 OF 1 FEB 96 CARBON STEEL > 3/4" THICKNESS OR CHROME-MOLY 1/4" MIN. PWHT. BUTTERING OF WELD PREPS. .

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