This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
ÜDS-KPDS HATIRLATMA DİLBİLGİSİ SORULARI 1. THAT Virgülden sonra that kullanılmaz (non-defining relative clause) Preposition (edat) dan sonra that kullanılmaz. ( on that – at that – during that) all, everything, something, anything, nothing, none, little, few, much dan sonra that kullanılır. There's something that you should know. Superlative lerden sonra that kullanılır.
It was the best film that I've ever seen.
Where When Why Whose Whom
yanlarında fiil kullanılmaz.
Of whom yanına fiil alır. What soluna isim almaz. İsim what ın içinde gizlidir two some Most None Noun + All Several Neither Both Half Each whose of + which whom
© Ahmet BAŞAL
2. However + sıfat However + zarf No matter + soru sözcüğü No matter how hard you try, you will not eant a lot of money in a very short time. However hard we worked, we could never save enough. However weak we are, however difficult the circumstances, however little hope there seems, God will be with us. However much people have criticised her style and some of her policies no one will gainsay her courage.
3. By the time + simple present + will + v1 + will be Ving + will have V3 + will have been Ving + had V3 + had been Ving
By the time + simple past
By the time he finished, I had cooked dinner. We will have finished our homework by the time they arrive. By the time the experts reached the area the animals had disappeared. By the time they realize that anthrax is the cause of their unexplained illnesses and fatalities, many of the people exposed will be as good as dead.
As Since Inasmuch as Insomuch as Seeing that Now that Because
Inasmuch as the product is quickly cooled below the temperature at which bacterial, mold and yeast growth occur, decomposition during the freezing is prevented. Disability can make extra demands on financial resources because the disabled need extra care. Since these substances are not licensed, they cannot be sold in the continental United States. 5. Cümle , for cümle (Çünkü)
He had a great desire to have a home of his own , for he had always lived with my grandmother.
© Ahmet BAŞAL
6. Unlike As opposed to Contrary to In contrast with / to
Unlike any other type of cell, embryonic stem cells have the capacity to develop into any type of tissue in the body. We ate in the restaurant, as opposed to the bistro. In contrast to the limitations of sensory and short-term storage, long-term memory is indefinite; much of it lasts a lifetime. Contrary to popular belief, women cause fewer road accidents than men.
7. Cümle ; on the contrary , in contrast, contrarily, on the other hand, cümle
It is not an idea around which the Community can unite. On the contrary, I see it as one that will divide us. On the one hand, if the body doesn't have enough cholesterol, we would not be able to survive. On the other hand, if the body has too much cholesterol, the excess begins to line the arteries.
8. Appear Look Act Treat Behave Speak seem
as if / as though
The unsubstantial story was as if she were retelling a dream.
Wish + simple past Modal V1 Wish + past perfect
Modal have v3 present
Wish ten önceki ve sonraki özne aynı ise would kullanılmaz. (gramer polisleri)
© Ahmet BAŞAL
We’ve had some pretty good directors over the years but Dr.examtakers. 11.4 10. Radcliff is by far the most capable of them. Be used to Get used to Be accustomed to Get accustomed to Look forward to Be opposed to Object to Feel like Can’t help Can’t stand Can’t bear It is no use It is no good It is worth In the habit of There is no point in Feel like It is a waste of time/money To have difficulty / trouble /problems To have a hard time / a-an bad-good-hard/ enjoyable time + Ving It is no good complaining all the time.com ahmetbasal@gmail. There was no point in staying any longer. People who have trouble falling or staying asleep may be more likely to die sooner from natural causes compared to those who sleep well. © Ahmet BAŞAL www.com . Japanese people are among the healthiest in the world. Some people still object to teaching children about sex in public schools. Of all Among Of these One of the… Have/has ever V3 In the world vb By far + superlative Insects are among the most fascinating animals on earth. and one of the reasons for this is their diet.
5 12. Much as I would like to I can´t go. ….den dolayı + isim (öbeği) Ving Many children fail to take advantage of the present facilities for higher education because of economic stress in the family. even though rain forests cover only about 6% of the earth's surface.. It's a beautiful. there are several other non-depletable energy sources in use such as wind turbines and solar heating. In addition to As well as Along with Apart from Besides yanı sıra. se…. 14. e rağmen. many Negroes have achieved outstanding success in the arts and sciences as well as in the business and professional world. se…. …. investors in Europe have good reason to be wary of continental Europe's banking sector. Though the cold weather. Though Even though Although Much though Much as Sıfat. it has captured neither the affection nor esteem of the rest of the world. Though ana cümlenin sonuna gelerek diğerlerinden farklı olarakta kullanılabilir.de. modern evolutionary biology begins with him. Apart from hydro-electricity. though unimaginative. cümle Although Darwin was not the first evolutionist.. Because of On account of As a result of As a consequense of Due to Owing to … ın yüzünden. Bu durumda anlamı however dır.zarf+as Sıfat-zarf +though Zarf+as zıtlık bildirir.com ahmetbasal@gmail. The rainforest contains more than half of Earth's plant and animal species.com . 13. building. they went out. .. © Ahmet BAŞAL www.da cümle . Though the United States has spent billions of dollars on foreign aid programs. in contrast. ek olarak + isim (öbeği) Ving Today. Besides those who directly lost money in this week's fall.examtakers.
the authorities will take all the necessary precautions on the matter. 15. Older drivers are more likely to be seriously injured because of the fragility of their bones. Amazon basin has always attracted businessmen on account of its valuable and rich resources such as rubber. when Hardly…… had v3 …. I prefer dancing to swimming © Ahmet BAŞAL www. Would prefer to V1 than to V1 I would prefer to learn English than to learn German.com ahmetbasal@gmail. No sooner… had v3 … than cümle Scarcely … had v3 ….. Would rather V1 than v1 I would rather drink coffee than drink tea. the Turkish economy was under a severe strain until the mid 1990’s. coffee and cocoa. tekil / çoğul tekil / çoğul tekil / çoğul çoğul fiil What is great about DNA is that not only can it tell the identity of a person. Would rather have V3 than have V3 (past) I would rather have stayed in Turkey than have gone abroad last year. but it can also give information about four thousand genetic conditions and diseases.com . Would prefer subject to V1 to V1 I prefer tea to coffee.examtakers.6 Due to the devastation of the forests on a large scale. He'd no sooner begun to speak than the lights went out. when No sooner had I gone out than the bomb exploded. When Barely … had v3 …. 17. Would rather subject V2 than V2 I would rather you told the truth than told lie. It's no longer news that stress can take its toll on both your physical and mental health. Not only … but also Niether … nor Either… or Both… and 16. Owing to a substantial increase in oil prices in the 1980’s.
…ın yardımı ile. A number of + çoğul fiil The number of + tekil fiil A great deal of + sayılamayan isim A big/small amount of + sayılamayan isim A small/big quantity of + sayılamayan isim 21. Hitherto. So far Up to now Till now Up until know By now Hitherto Over Recently/lately As yet Thus far 22. © Ahmet BAŞAL www. The cells of the human body convert food to energy through the process of oxidation. The brain receives and sends information by means of nerves. many of which lie partly in the spinal cord. Antibodies are never produced naturally until our body is attacked by bacteria. Certain records have come to light recently.examtakers.com ahmetbasal@gmail. 19. Genelde prefect tense ile kullanılırlar.7 18. the main emphasis has been on the need to resist aggression. effective treatments are available. Via Through By means of Thanks to With the help / aid of … sayesinde. … yoluyla + isim (öbeği) Ving Thanks to recent research. Bu yapıların bulunduğu yan cümlelerde continuous tense kullanılmaz. which suggest that it was the Chinese who discovered America. Before After Until Since As soon as By the time 20. Our brains have been processing sophisticated information via our senses for millions of years. Scientists haven’t found an effective cure for AIDS so far.com .
assist. So as to In order to To In an effort to In an attempt to + verb 1 – cümle gelmez In order to understand why computers are important. compel.8 Have / get something done Have somebody do smt Get somebody to do smt Make somebody do smt Let somebody do smt Help somebody (to) v1 allow. architects have directed their attention to more informal settlements. permit. hire. The assumption that the elimination of economic and social grievances may help the prevention of war leads us naturally to the idea that we must try to solve these problems as soon as possible. Many people dispute the claim that Columbus discovered America and insist that that was done by a Viking explorer.com ahmetbasal@gmail. Opinion Belief Contention Assumption Fear Idea Fact Claim Clear Obvious True Certain Interesting Surprising A shame Pity Disturbing dreadful bu isimler yanlarına that almayı severler. force. kendilerinden sonra that almayı severler. 24. encourage. Her main contention is that staff should get better training. In their attempt to overcome the anti-social effects of modern architecture. The belief that everyone must sleep 8 hours a night is a myth. we have to understand what a computer is and what it does. motivate. employ.examtakers.com . require subject to v1 23. © Ahmet BAŞAL www. convince.
Numerous legends have tried to explain why human nature is not perfect and why people die. She is old enough to marry.examtakers. Than that of Than those of His salary as a bus driver is much higher than that of a teacher Most of the highways in Germany are wider than those in the Balkan countries. telephone lines or average years of schooling. Rural ozone pollution in China is high enough to threaten agriculture there.9 25. The opposition now seems too weak to stage any serious protests against the government. Scientists have long wondered which parts of the brain are involved in musical tasks. We have not enough time to play football. Too+ sıfat+ to Sıfat +enough +to Enough +isim He is too short to play basketball. they usually point to factors such as the number of PCs.com ahmetbasal@gmail. When economists try to explain why the Internet is more popular in one country than another. It is trying to have laws in accordance with those of international for the sake of its people too. Explain Wonder Depend on Remember Know Understand Ask yanlarına whether /that/ soru kelimeleri (noun clause) almayı severler. © Ahmet BAŞAL www. 27.com . 26. I like coffee. 28. Turkey is not only trying to be a part of EU.
past If only ----------------------. YAN CÜMLE . TEMEL CÜMLE © Ahmet BAŞAL www. I like coffee too. English has an advantage over languages in that it has become a commercial language all over the world.past 32. in that : Şu açıdan ki… Mammals differ from other vertebrates in that they have bodies that are covered with hair at some period of their lives. 29. 30.com . Nor do I.10 So do I.examtakers. Petroleum differs from coal in that coal retains within itself visible evidence of the kind of material from which it was formed. I don’t like coffee. I don’t like coffee either.com ahmetbasal@gmail. I like coffee. I don’t like coffee. everyone everybody everything someone somebody something anyone anybody anything no one nobody nothing Kendilerinden sonra tekil fiil alırlar. and petroleum does not. At the time ----------------. / I don’t either. Neither do I. 31.
TEMEL CÜMLE YAN CÜMLE SV(O) When While As long as If Unless Although As long as After Before In case SV(O) Photosynthesis cannot take place unless light has access to the leaves. While there are few delays for chemotherapy.com email@example.com When While As Since Whereas Provided Although If As long as SVO CÜMLE . SVO CÜMLE Although he was seen to be an aggressive politician. a) Will teach © Ahmet BAŞAL www. Since life began eons ago. he was a quiet and loving family man at home. 33. thousands of creatures have come and gone. waits for radiotherapy have lengthened over the past few years. This time next year I _____ English.com . Women have been playing football as long as the game has existed.
35. I _____ him before. Light colors reflect heat.12 b) Will be teaching *** This time next year I _____ for five years.com ahmetbasal@gmail. The recovery of private industries which were on the verge of bankruptcy was the main issue for the new government. © Ahmet BAŞAL www.examtakers.com . a) b) Haven’t seen *** Didn’t see I _____ him before last Christmas. a. 36. On the point of On the brink of On the cliff of On the edge of On the verge of I’ll buy him a present in return for his help. b. a) b) c) 37. (in reply to / in respond to) Will be teaching Will have been teaching *** Ving (… mek üzere / …nın eşiğinde) The country is on the point of making a major decision about its future. You can pass the exam only if provided that providing that you study. The country seems almost on the brink of civil war as fighting intensifies between government troops and rebel forces. Have seen Saw *** Instead of smt On behalf of smb yerine The assistant lectured on behalf of the professor. but dark colors absorb heat instead of throwing it back. 38. 34.
People who learn longer live longer according to a study of links between health and education among adults.e göre (kıyaslamada) .13 as long as so long as on condition that Women have been playing football as long as the game has existed.. 39.. A patient has the right to refuse to give consent to treatment. As regards the development of moral standards in the growing child. provided that the patient is able to exercise his judgement clearly and freely.examtakers.S. Provided that the conditions are appropriate. © Ahmet BAŞAL www. You can stay here on condition that you look after the animals and the garden.den beri Since most of the members were absent the meeting were delayed.e ilaveten The amount of air pollution over the cities in the inner parts of the country is of great importance in terms of human health.... Concerning the question of capital punishment.com .e ilişkin Most of our knowledge regarding the structure of the earth has been from the study of rocks. 42. Regarding Concerning As regards With regard to About ... consistency is very important in parental teaching. bakımından .com ahmetbasal@gmail. In terms of: With respect to: According to: İn addition to: itibariyle. . If = provided that Providing that Supposed that Supposing that Assuming that On condition that şartıyla 40.e göre (görüş belirtirken) . the U. The report arranged with respect to the factors affecting the development of the under develop countries is of great importance in many respects. 41. each living organism will be able to multiply and spread. Since = 1.. You can stay here on condition that you look after the animals and the garden.. için ( because .. as ) 2. and its allies stand on opposite sides of a great divide.
D. Health spending tends to rise disproportionately as countries become richer. he attended 15 weeks of after-care. power is in the hands of a single person. Many people are allergic to airborne pollutants such as pollen. karşıt. AS sınavda çıkabilecek çeşitli kullanılış biçimleri. they started seeing hints of an unexpected effect in their experiments. rağmen. America is a case apart. 43. Since life began eons ago. Boys who play video games on school days spend 30% less time reading. As a musician. As a result of the growing fears about home security. As the can is opened. you cannot be apolitical. because) As = 1. while in a dictatorship. Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean. effectively closed since 1981. Since we were in the computer lab.14 Since nearly all drugs and medications can cause fetal damage or malformations it is important for pregnant women to avoid them as much as possible. the content heat automatically.dikçe (zaman) As he didn't bring the money. while the number of places available has remained constant. As the deadline approached she experienced a bewildering array of emotions. the International Energy Agency has encouraged and supported research carried out to discover alternative energy sources. Since the great oil crisis of the 1970s. an area that the United States has long regarded as its own backyard. but even adjusting for this. while girls spend 34% less time doing homework if they play video games.examtakers. The border. iken. Methane is often regarded as the second most important greenhouse gas after carbon dioxide.com . more people are arranging for someone to stay in their home when they're away. different demands are being placed on employees. The two women were sitting as far away from each other as possible. the number of students applying to Ph. will be opened as of January the 1st. bol örnekle pekiştirilmeye çalışıldı. As a consequence. They should make decisions as to whether the student needs more help. iken (zaman) 2. the education system needs to change.com ahmetbasal@gmail. As they were investigating molecular electronics. Smoking is still attractive to many young people who see it as glamorous. As part of the treatment. While = 1. In this changing business environment. In an exercise designed to be as real as possible. için ( = since. he didn't get the book. © Ahmet BAŞAL www. The group has adventured as far as the Austrian alps. thousands of creatures have come and gone. Shelves were built to adapt the library for use as an office. programs has increased steadily. oysa ( = whereas) The majority will of the people rules in a democracy. I normally look after the children while she is practising. they simulated an advance on enemy positions. In recent years. As she reached the age of thirty she became convinced she would remain single all her life. There was no obvious reason why this could not be as good a film as the original. çünkü. As the plants grow and start to bear fruit they will need a lot of water. our English has improved. 2.
In 1991.000 per patient.com ahmetbasal@gmail. I didn't know if I could raise a child by myself. he managed to avoid giving any of them an overall picture of what he was up to. © Ahmet BAŞAL www. Government troops broke up the protest by firing their guns in the air. the house was advertised for sale at $49.000. Some of the blame for the miscarriage of justice must be borne by the solicitors.examtakers. By using the air ambulance to transport patients between hospitals. For years this anomalous behaviour has baffled scientists The government has announced an immediate amnesty for rebel fighters. Modern medicine has a large armoury of drugs for the treatment of mental illness. Pharmacists are required by law to give the medicine prescribed by the doctor.com . The island may be reached by boat from the mainland. Their sleep is regularly disturbed by the sound of gunfire as criminal gangs settle their nightly accounts. and maintains forces there for its defence. Violent crime has increased by 10 percent since last year. On many modern wooden boats. The basic design changed little from that patented by Edison more than 100 years ago. 45. One billion people throughout the world are Muslims. By the year 2020 business computing will have changed beyond recognition. She arranged an appointment for Friday afternoon at four-fifteen. The tests are supposed to provide a basis for the assessment of children. I will study English. We will have to go without him if he is late. By eight o'clock he had arrived at my hotel. The lab has recently been updated to allow for more advanced courses. By borrowing from dozens of banks. united by belief in one god. epoxy coatings will have been used as a base for varnishing.15 44. he estimates that they can save up to 15. FOR ve BY – Örnek cümleler The assessment for the course involves written assignments and practical tests. Some investigators regarded her as the brains of the gang. The United States is a close ally of South Korea. . First conditional: If I have enough time.
com . Second conditional: If you would only try. He might have been able to help you if he had been here.(nezaket) If I have the money .I will take a vacation. We are much relived now if there weren’t any exams like UDS and KPDS. I would study English If I knew her name.16 If my mother knows about the broken vase. No-one knows how many people have been killed since the war began. I would have helped you. The two parties have been trying to unite since the New Year.it would have been much more enjoyable.I ‘ll be with you. If you will come this way. If I had had enough time. I would have studied English. If you had warned me [then]. Were I in YOK’S shoes . you would succeed. the journey took us a long time. we are in serious trouble. If I had enough time.. I would not have told your father about that party. More than a century and a half since the transatlantic slave trade was abolished. Since the costs of science were rising faster than inflation. I worry a lot about whether I can handle this new job. I would tell you. I would be grateful if you would give me a little help. I could have been a professor if there hadn’t been the exam named as UDS If yesterday had been today. Were he to go England . today would be tomorrow.I would annul UDS.com ahmetbasal@gmail. some restriction on funding was necessary. The country is facing a crisis unparalleled since the Second World War. Noun cluse ( isim cümlesinde) if ve whether ayrımı Whether = or not hemen sonra yada cümle sonunda gelebilir © Ahmet BAŞAL www. Ever since we moved last year. If you had warned me. the manager will see you now. Had I come to the party .he would spend his time on practising. Since the roads are very bad. I would take a vacation. Since its inception the company has produced 53 different aircraft designs. slavery is far from dead. Should you come here again . 3. I would not be in trouble [now]. Third conditional: Mixed type Invertion 46.examtakers. If I had the money. Had I had time. Since kullanımına örnekler This research has been in progress since 1961 and has yielded a great number of positive results. 47. I would stop teaching if I won the lottery 2.
... If cümle başında yada preposition’dan sonra kullanılmaz. -Only......than when NEVER / RARELY / SELDOM -Seldom does he come with a new idea. INVERSION 1.. -Only from the mistakes in life could we discover the truth... -Rarely had she been given her approval -Never have I seen such a beautiful lady. I am sure you would be successful in the EXAM.. but he is also close to death.examtakers.... 3...... Nor must you drive when you are sleepy. I could have corrected my mistakes on the test.) 2...... -Not only did the lady thanked to the boy...... -No sooner did I went out of my office than I realized someone waiting outside.. ONLY BY CHANCE / ONLY THEN-TODAY / .) Should you have difficulty starting the car.com ...THAN -Scarcely had her head touched the pillow when she fell into a deep sleep... Be fiilinden sonra whether kullanılır if gelmez... -Hardly had we started our task when our teacher wanted it.BUT ALSO -Not only is he ill...17 If = if’ den hemen sonra or not gelmez.. .. -Only when the teacher give you permission.. NOT ONLY. -Only in a few countries does the whole population enjoy a reasonable standard of living....... (If you should. (If you were to try harder. -At no time…..Sıralanan zarflar cümle başlarında kullanıldığında -Not -No only..but -Never -Scarcely also -Rarely -Hardly -Not -Seldom until=Only sooner. © Ahmet BAŞAL www.IF (şart cümlecikleri)(Daha çok type 3) Had I been a bit more careful...) Were you to try harder.... may you speak in the classroom.. NOT UNTIL = ONLY WHEN -Not until he spoke did I give him an answer.. HARDLY / SCARCELY / NO SOONER.. but she also give money to him. = Only when he spoke did I give him an answer. whether her iki durumda da kullanılır...com ahmetbasal@gmail.. (If I had been. you can call the mechanic.=If you tried harder....NOR You mustn't drive too fast.... 48...
if / whether 3.. Under the ladder was a cat. B:ADJECTIVE CLAUSES Sıfat cumlelerı isimlere yada zamirlere gönderme yaparlar ve gönderme yaptıkları isim ve zamirleri daha açık belirleyebilmek için büyük ölçüde onlardan sonra gelirler. A: NOUN CLAUSE: İsım cümlelerı cümlede isim görevinde kullanılır. wh question words Bunlarda zaman uyumu aranmaz ama mantıksal bir zaman uyumunu da akılda tutmakta fayda vardır. He wondered where all these strangers could have come from. STAND. has lead to an improvement in the condition of the patients. AT NO TIME / IN NO WAY / NOWHERE /.com ahmetbasal@gmail. So rapidly has the fired workers increased that they go on a strike. WALK) On the stairs was standing the secretary. The trouble in their marriage is that they have different points of view to life. The man whose moustache is a bit strange is a war veteran.examtakers.. 1. which is being tried by the doctors. The treatment. 4.Aşağıda cümle içerisinde hangi görevde (cümlenin hangi ögesi) olduğuna dikkat ediniz. -Nowhere did he have a better opportunity to earn money than than the company in Adana -At no time did the poor receive enough help from the rich. as were all the members of his family.. This is the year when profits should increase. but nowhere could we find the missing boy. -On no account are the students allowed tocheat in the exam.18 -Only then did she understand that her husband had left her.Yer belirten zarflarla başlayan cümlelerde ( özellikle şu fiillerle: GO...com . LIE. I was asked whether I wanted to stay at a hotel or at his home. That the writer had written with bias is so natural. that 2. -In no way can she be held responsible for the loss of the money.. We are interested in what you are doing.AS / SO He was a rich.. -Only by chance did the scientist find POST-IT.. © Ahmet BAŞAL www. It appears that he followed my advice.. COME. 5. -We thought for a long time . What you have done up to now is not a success but a failure... SIT.. What you do is what you get. insurance 49. Here comes the most popular student of the class.
didn’t there? There isn’t much traffic in Adana in these days. which is indispensable for life.There is/are yapısında özne olarak there kullanılır. he would have achieved in the examination. If he had had a second chance. Everybody is ready. Nothing came in the post. Although it was snowing. wasn’t there? There used to be a market near here.something. no one said anything. aren’t they? Noone wants to fail in the exam.shall we? 5. Let’s go.com ahmetbasal@gmail. anyone(anybody). nerede?.Zarf cümleleri nasıl?. When the boy stole that valueless thing. is there? 2. did it? Something should be sold. everything.com .ve zarf gibi tek sözcükleri yada bütün olan cümleleri çeşitli yönlerden nitelerler. Cümlemizin öznesi A.19 The first two applicants with whom the manager talked regarded as suitable for the job. 50. You are not permitted to go out unless you tell the truth. shouldn’t it? 4. aren’t I? 3. C: ADVERBIAL CLAUSES Zarf cümleleri ya fiil.kuyruk sorusu olumlu yapılır.noone(nobody).someone(somebody).) B. There was a mistake in the bill. TAG QUESTIONS ÖZEL DURUMLAR 1. ve ne kadar? gibi sorulara cevap verir ve cümlenin birçok yerinde görülebilir. Aşağıdaki gibi durumlarda 1. is at a long distance. kuyruk sorusunda özne olarak it kullanılır.everyone(everybody) ise kuyruk sorusunda özne olarak they kullanılır. neden? .sıfat. The sun.nothing gibi bir özneden meydana geliyorsa. yardımcı fiil kullanılır. I haven’t said even a word to him since he came home. it wasn’t cold. Am I right.examtakers. do they?( noone olumsuzluk kattıgı için yardımcı olumsuz olarak algılanıp. © Ahmet BAŞAL www.
don’t you? The man who was arrested yerterday is in prison now. Cümlemiz basit cümle degil ise ana cümlenin yardımcı fiili kuyruk sorularında kullanılır. nobody.examtakers.seldom.20 He has been digging all day. his _____ they.com . them © Ahmet BAŞAL www. isn’t he? 8. had better yapısında yardımcı fiil olmadıgını dusunuruz. Mozart Cells Soru kökünde ve cevapta geçen öznelerin ortak oluşu bir ipucu olabilir. do they? 7. hadn’t he? CÜMLE TAMAMLAMA 1.hardly. He had better do it. 9. I don’t think this is appropriate for his kind of situation.no. did he? They seldom work hard. You know you can improve your English.never. him. I don’t guess gibi yapılar yardımcı fiil seçimini etkilemez ama anlamca cümleyi olumsuz yaptığından kuyruk soruları olumlu olur. The student hardly achieved in the exam. is it(is this)? (= I think this isn’t appropriate for this kind of situation. _____ he .com ahmetbasal@gmail. their. I don’t think. hasn’t he? 6. Cümlemizde nothing.barely.none gibi anlamca olumsuzluk taşıyan ifadeler varsa anlamca olumsuz olur ve kuyruk sorusu olumlu olur.
exit. Temel cümle B.examtakers.21 The experts _____ they. their Scientific knowledge _____ it. Ortaç (kısaltma) G. them. operation. Yan cümle C. Giriş F. Health ______ doctor. disaster. quit Abandon Leave Incorrectly ______ erroneously. Cümle Dizilimlerine dikkat edelim. prove. Observation. Aşağıda genel olarak çokça çıkan dizilişler örneklerle beraber sunulmuştur. shake. emergency. “Akraba” Kelimelere dikkat edelim. improperly. disease. article. inappropriately. © Ahmet BAŞAL www. mistakenly. Temel cümle D. catastrophe. Scientists Eartquake ______ tremble. death. illness. Soru kökü A. İsim cümlesi (SV) E. ______ Experts. calamity. Temel Cümle Seçenek Yan Cümle Temel Cümle Sıfat Cümlesi Nesne (O) Temel Cümle Temel Cümle bağlaç+ Temel cümle ÖRNEKLER A. ______ abandonment ______ depart. exploration.com ahmetbasal@gmail. crust vb. study. science world. experiment. Atomic clocks keep time by tracking the vaves which atoms emit as they oscillate between different energy levels. its 2. cümledeki eksik öğeyi bulalım. Expense vb. hospital. ill. conduct. cure. proof vb. 3. magnitude.com . science.
there is a salon where you can read a book or meet with friends. the Board proceeded to review the strategic plan in light of the results and changes over the past eighteen months.The UN insists that China had underinvested in crucial social services. when. especially education and public health. steel making on a large scale developed well. 4. the rise in the birth rate was most rapid during the late 1970s and through 1980s when the rate increased by about 4% per year.we cannot look forward to a healthy and prosperous future. Unless. Untill science develops ways of predicting natural disasters earlier and more accurately. © Ahmet BAŞAL www. In Sweeden.22 Most of the Japanese car companies make Money through sales abroad only when the yen is weak. If the war is short of duration.The British parliement recently passed a law which restricted access to information directly related to the production of biological weapons. Although the company plans to branch out into new territories. oil prices are likely tor ise briefly and then fall sharply. NewYork is a favorite tourist destination. A recent study into cholesterol levels suggests how immediately and lastingly blacks had affected American life throughout history. Mantıksal İlişkiler ( zıtlık. C.com ahmetbasal@gmail. 5. the Palais de Tokyo. kendilerinin yer aldığı yan cümle bağlandıkları temel cümle arasında zaman uyumu gerektirir. G. With air pollution levels continuing to rise. while*. Being the largest city in the United States. F. Having conducted the survey. amaç vb) Özellikle aşağıdaki geçiş kelimeleri soru olarak gelir. The latest digital radio is supplied with a pair of active speakers so you don’t have to plug it into an amplifier. Thanks to the popularity of nature documentarieson TV. sebep-sonuç. the atmosphere today contains 30 percent more carbon dioxide than it did 250 years ago. destekleme. Unless we step our efforts to protect the environment. B. before. Zaman bağlaçlarıyla yapılan cümlelerde zaman uyumuna dikkat edilir. as soon as. D.com . once. because there was a shortage of coal for smelting.examtakers. there will be almost no change in the way it does business. they will continue to cause untold throughout the world. as*. after. E. there has been little increase of environmental awareness among people from all walks of life. until gibi zaman bağlaçları. In Paris new contemrorary art space. In the US. Bu kelimeler ve dahası paragraf sorularında da son derece önemlidir.
too. on the contrary. accordingly.. bazı sorularda noktalamaya göre şık elemek bizi hataya düşürebilir.. while gibi bağlaçlar da ana cümle ve yan cümle arasında virgül kullanılabilir. yet. whereas Cause. furthermore. etc. in the same way. by contrast. © Ahmet BAŞAL www. in the first place. further. result. for this reason. Racing was halted for an hour while the track was repaired. purpose: therefore. there will be a poor harvest this year. Some veg and herbs cost a small fortune in the shops. as 6. first. anyway. consequently. after all.examtakers. still. whereas.com ahmetbasal@gmail.S. at the same time. by this means. in this way. If the protective measures had been taken to prevent inflation last year. by the way. though. of course. and . because of this. at any rate. incidentally. as well. furthere more gibi geçiş kelimelerinde noktalama aşağıdaki gibi yapılır. Comparison: Iikewise. then. knowing this. in addition. in like manner. instead. naturally. etc. so the poverty statistics are by no means an accurate indicator of labor market pathologies. to be sure. firstly.23 Addition: moreover. yet you can grow them for a few pence. either. but. the planet remains a mystery to scientists. Most of those counted by the poverty statistics are elderly or handicapped or have family responsibilities which keep them out of the labor force. in contrast on the other hand. again. with this in mind. while girls spend 34% less time doing homework if they play video games. Yan cümle kurulmasına rağmen zıtlık olarak kullanılan even though. however. with this object. Unless the northern part of this country gets some rain soon. Noktalamaya dikkat etmek gerekir. thus. (fakat OSYM’nin bu noktalama işaretlerinin kullanımı konusunda çok tutarlı olmadığını belirtmek gerekir. more important. moreover. they are strikingly different in many ways.. in the second place. or. Ana Cümle Yan Cümle Photosynthesis cannot take place unless light has access to the leaves. in any case. for. in many cases.com . Contrast: however. second. similarly. with this end. Bazı sorular için ipucu olabileceği gibi. nevertheless.. nevertheless. finally. hence. to this end. in reality. secondly. otherwise. so gibi bağlaçlarda hemen önce virgül kullanılır. Even though Arizona and Rhode Island are both states of the U. all the same. etc. Boys who play video games on school days spend 30% less time reading. also. yet. last. nonetheless. actually. next. Argentine wouldn't have been in a critical situation. in spite of this. therefore. lastly.) Yan Cümle virgül Ana Cümle Although it’s been 75 years since the discovery of Pluto.
24 __________. however. however.examtakers.com . yüklem © Ahmet BAŞAL www.com ahmetbasal@gmail. However. _________ __________. __________ __________. __________ ÇEVİRİ 1.
25 Experts predict – tahmin etmektedir Are working – çalışmaktadır Gets weaker – zayıflar Geologists want to know – bilmek istemektedir. Is the first tangible clue – elle tutulur ilk ipucudur Was not clear – açık değildir –değildi Were important – önemliydi 2.com . BE Is no evidence – kanıt yoktur. özne Men are – erkekler Scientists were – bilim adamları Most of the animals were – çoğu hayvan 3.com firstname.lastname@example.org – isim) when they discovered – keşfettiklerinde although it was not possible – mümkün olmamasına rağmen if the experiments conducted – deneyler yapılırsa after the match had ended – maç tamamlandıktan sonra people who were at risk – tehlikede olan insanlar PARAGRAF TAMAMLAMA – PARAGRAFA UYMAYANI ATMA 1. cümle türü ( sıfat.sıfat – tanımlayıcı more importan than – daha önemli mos of the time – çoğu zaman only.şaşırtıcı biçimde undoubtedly – şüphesiz mutually – karşılıklı olarak 4. zarf .açıkça surprisingly.examtakers.sadece exceptionally – istisnai clearly. İlk Cümle Paragrafın geri kalan kısmını içine alacak bir konu cümlesi © Ahmet BAŞAL www.
/ Another was ____. One was _____ . 2000 _____. This town was _____ . 4. / Some of them are Two types of _____ . Einstein was ____ . Aşağıdaki ifadelere dikkat edelim. / The other _____ . There are many reasons_____ . 21st century _____ . achievement _____ .26 2. The latter ____. Another was _____. Minor _____ . _____ him Many obstacles _____ .. Scientists _____ . young girls _____ . 1995 _____ . 1990 ____ . The other was _____. anlamsal bağlar © Ahmet BAŞAL www. Second _____ ./ His _____ .com . 5. rare _____. Both were _____ .com ahmetbasal@gmail. Many types of it _____. Gereksiz zaman değişikliklerine dikkat edelim. 20th century _____ . / One was _____ . whales _____ .examtakers. success_____. On one hand _____ . They _____ . This expert is _____ . Most of them are. The former ____. There are many people _____ . / Third _____. Young girls _____. common_____ . 19th century _____ . He ____ . Ankara was _____ . The scientist _____ .. One of them is There were various _____ . These are cats and dogs _____ . On the other hand _____ . acomplisment _____ . It _____.. The most important one is many cases _____ / such cases First _____ . These include The computer is _____. Mammals _____ . He / She is _____ . A scientist _____ . Major _____ . Son cümle Paragrafı özetleyecek. sonuca bağlayacak bir cümle 3.
Furthermore. for instance. additionally. on the other hand. Similarly. even if whereas. there is more to communication than merely putting sentences together. indeed for example. Moreover. KARŞILIKLI KONUŞMALAR © Ahmet BAŞAL www. instead. as a consequence. as an example. The majority of Americans increased their wealth in the past decade. until. undoubtedly. thus. after. consequently instead. all in all. Nevertheless. unless. overall. it would be almost impossible to prove him guilty. while since Using language is a very complex enterprise. after all. as. in summary then. even though if. in contrast in fact. when. finally.com . the gains were substantial.com ahmetbasal@gmail. as an illustration in conclusion. by comparison. likewise nevertheless however. in addition. she can instantly identify her baby's cry. Most of the evidence was destroyed in the fire. nor yet but although. moreover. furthermore therefore. as a result. people continue to get married. while emphasis example reason/cause conclusion for because. next. nevertheless. Thus.examtakers. Most marriages fail after between five and nine years. similarly.27 Meaning addition Coordinating Conjunctions and Subordinating Conjunctions Transition Words also. earlier cause/result so if. since time before. later. when choice similarities concession condition opposites or. on the other hand also. A mother recognises the feel of her child's skin when blindfolded.
Aynı veya benzer kelimelerin (akraba kelimelerin) tekrarı bir ipucu olabilir. Most of them are these days. No. hay fever. How are you enjoying being chairman of the company ? B. isn’t he? B. bronchitis and lung cancer. / Of course. Öznelerin ve nesnelerin( zamirlerin) tekrar edilmesi bir ipucu olabilir. Absolutely. / It includes many unusual information. The first step must be to enhance the public transportation. but English is harder. Soru kelimeleriyle sorulan sorulara yes. / That is inadequate. Do you learn new words everyday? Yes. Yes. / No.examtakers. Yardımcı fiillerle sorulan sorulara onay ya da ret gerekir. it is interesting. mostly caused by fumes from cars. It’s a bit of a disappointment really. no ve benzeri cevaplar veremeyiz. Isn’t it clear from the fact that computers. Einstein is the one of the most famous scientists of all times. he is. / That’s right. What a ridiculous advertisement this is! B. / No. Do you think Turkish is a hard language to learn? B.com ahmetbasal@gmail. We must do something about it. he is one of the most famous scientists of all times.28 1. I do. / Absolutely not. I don’t. /Absolutely. Educational techology is necessary to enhance the learning environment says the article. have been used in every field of life? A. / Undoubtedly. you know. Have you heard about the accident ? B. ( = Most of the advertisements are ridiculous these days. / Yes. / The article? I haven’t read it yet. I agree with you. A. OKUMA ANLAMA SORULARI © Ahmet BAŞAL www. A. 3. Well. / That’s what I normaly do. / Sure. Air pollution. Academics like to write about Shakespeare’s plays.) A. is causing a sharp rise in illnesses such as asthma. ( = Yes. I know they do. wise-boards and etc.com . But that’s not what the public wants. (tekillik-çoğulluk) A. 2. B. A. I haven’t heard about it ? A.) 4. What do you think about the article on space travels? Oh. B. B. / Are you kidding? Of course not. / True. A.
türüne göre sıfat. inclination. in spite of. rapid. Parçada geçen bir kelime eş anlamlısı. tend affluent . skilled. rudeness 3. Educational technology------------.vital restriction. rich. digestion regeneration. consumption assist. If-----------. impoliteness. harm invention. Since ------. importance. at some point in the future. strike Earth Parçada geçen ifade: But Halley noted something else as well: a comet crossing the orbit of the earth might one day collide with us. rivalry.educational technology In the 18th century------------------. inventor. capability.peril. recreate important. skill. dangerous. Parçada yer alan bir kelime soru kökünde yada doğru seçenekte direkt olarak yer alabilir. Nutrition Regenerate Pivotal Restrict Maintain Hazard Invent Ability Rival Tendency Wealty Book The bird Use Help Quick Rude nourishment. crucial. as long as. despite.kelimenin değişik bir haliyle ve de yaptığı çağrışımlarla(akraba kelimelerle) soru kökünde yada doğru seçenekte direkt olarak yer alabilir. talent. Parçada geçen bir gramer yapısı denk yapılarla soru kökünde ve doğru seçenekte geçebilir.com email@example.com Yukarıda sıralanan üç madde aynı anda görülebilir. reading. swiftly impolite. gift. nevertheless Active-----. menace. but. aptitude. prosperity read. © Ahmet BAŞAL www. because. provided that Although--.29 1. able. food.in the 18th century 2.com . limitation maintenance hazardous. talented contestant. essential. A. diet. fiil halleriyle. creativity capacity. helpful. publication the animal consume. rapidly.examtakers. though. _____ . a comet may. 1-2-3.as. maddelere örnekler: We learn from the passage that in the opinion of Halley. zarf isim. competition propensity. limit. renew. aid quickly. trend.unless. assistance.even though.
that the height of the drawbridge _____ . governments begin to interfere in the affairs of neighbours and . A. every. should be the same as that of the previous one. Exercise can be usefull for incresing your appetite. absolutely. ( parça most) All of the people watch television in the evenings. Always. full. mainly. many. only. wholly. Parçada geçen ifade: As economies in the developing world get stronger. entire. governments are getting more assertive and meddling with both companies and neighbouring countries. entirely. Computer technology is becoming an increasingly essential part of the modern learning process. it was decided. greatly. as the economic strength of the developing world increases. fully.examtakers. Parçada geçen ifadelerin çok dışında ifadeler. primarily. mostly. none.hence. ( yanlış seçenek inmeye etkisi) Most of these people spend their evenings watching television. zarf ve belirleyiciler kesin olarak metin içerisinde ifade edilmedikçe ( bizzat kendileri ya da eşanlamlılarıyla) aşağıda sıralananların yer aldığı şıklar yanlış cevap olacaktır. after careful consideration. invariably. much.com . 5. little . © Ahmet BAŞAL www. ( parça diyete etkisi) Regular exercise may contribute to overcome the stroke. hardly. The flooding of the Red River in Manitoba a few years back caused millions of dollars in damage. moderate exercise actually decreases your appetite. A. one of the drawbacks this leads to is _____ .com ahmetbasal@gmail. Computer technology is widely used in the medicine world as a usefull tool. some. largely. Yanlış seçeneklerde kullanılması muhtemel sıfat. never. Yanlış seçenek parçaya göre çok genel çok özel olabilir. (yanlış seçenek all) 6. farklı yönlerine gönderme yapan ifadeler veya hiç sözü geçmeyen ifadeler yanlış seçeneklerde kullanılabilir. increasing political risks. Contrary to popular belief. including wiping out entire cities and killing thousands of people. all. most. may cause political risks. 4. complete. Volcanos have caused some of the worst disasters in history. few. According to the passage. sole. Regular exercise may contribute to the diet. Parçada geçen ifade: When an examination of the bridges records show that The state decided to build a new drawbridge with the same height as the old one.30 According to the passage .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.