Normal Laboratory Values - Patient Test Charts

Normal Laboratory Values (Haematology Reference Values)
In the following tables, normal haematology reference values for commonly requested laboratory tests are listed in traditional units and in SI units. The tables are a guideline only. Values are method dependent and normal lab values may vary between laboratories.

Determination
Blood, Plasma or Serum Ammonia (NH3) - diffusion Ammonia Nitrogen Amylase Anion gap (Na -[Cl + HCO3 ]) (P) Antithrombin III (AT III) Bicarbonate Arterial Venous Bilirubin Conjugated (direct) Total
+ -

Normal Reference Value
Conventional units SI units

20-120 mcg/dl 15-45 µg/dl 35-118 IU/L 7-16 mEq/L 80–120 U/dl

12-70 mcmol/L 11-32 µmol/L 0.58-1.97 mckat/L 7-16 mmol/L 800–1200 U/L

21–28 mEq/L 22–29 mEq/L

21–28 mmol/L 22–29 mmol/L

≤ 0.2 mg/dl & 0.1–1 mg/dl

≤ 4 mcmol/L & 2–18 mcmol/L < 100 ng/L

Calcitonin Calcium Total Ionized

< 100 pg/ml

8.6–10.3 mg/dl 4.4–5.1 mg/dl

2.2–2.74 mmol/L 1–1.3 mmol/L

Carbon dioxide content (plasma) Carcinoembryonic antigen Chloride Coagulation screen Bleeding time Prothrombin time Partial thromboplastin time (activated) Protein C Protein S Copper, total 0800 hr Cortisol 0800 hr 1800 hr 2000 hr Creatine kinase

21–32 mmol/L < 3 ng/ml 95–110 mEq/L

21–32 mmol/L < 3 mcg/L 95–110 mmol/L

3–9.5 min 10–13 sec 22–37 sec 0.7–1.4 µ/ml 0.7–1.4 µ/ml 70–160 mcg/dl

180–570 sec 10–13 sec 22–37 sec 700–1400 U/ml 700–1400 U/ml 11–25 mcmol/L < 13.2 pmol/L

Corticotropin (ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone) - < 60 pg/ml

5–30 mcg/dl 2–15 mcg/dl ≤ 50% of 0800 hr

138–810 nmol/L 50–410 nmol/L ≤ 50% of 0800 hr

ESR) Erythrocyte enzymes 80–97.2 mckat/L 44–150 mcmol/L 1.1 ≥ 11.6–7.5–1.Glutamyltransferase (GGT) Male Female 70–105 120–170 100–140 70–120 9–50 units/L 8–40 units/L Haptoglobin Hematologic Tests Fibrinogen Hematocrit (Hct) female male Hemoglobin A 44–303 mg/dl 0.6–6.09 fmol/cell 20. fasting Glucose Tolerance Test (Oral) 65–115 mg/dl (mg/dl) Normal Diabetic > 140 ≥ 200 ≥ 200 ≥ 140 9–50 units/L 8–40 units/L 3.8–17.8 3.446 fraction of 1 0.6 g/L 2–13 mlU/ml 5–22 mlU/ml 1–8 mlU/ml 2–13 IU/L 5–22 IU/L 1–8 IU/L Glucose.33–2.8 x 109/L Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentrate (MCHC) Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (sedrate.3–5.9 x 1012/L 12.6% 40.7 Diabetic > 7.9–6.5–5 x 1012/L 4.8 ≥ 11.7%-50.075 1C Hemoglobin (Hb) female male Leukocyte count (WBC) Erythrocyte count (RBC) female male 3.6 fl 1.4 5.8–9.5–3.03 g/L 200–400 mg/dl 2–4 g/L 36%-44.6 mcm3 27–33 pg/cell 33–36 g/dl ≤ 30 mm/hr 80–97.3% 5.5 g/dl 3800–9800/mcl 121–153 g/L 138–175 g/L 3.83 mckat/L 0.3–5.503 fraction of 1 0.8 6.3 mmol/L (mmol/L) Normal 3.5–3.Female Male Creatinine kinase isoenzymes.36–0.3 g/dl 13.44–3.7–9.3–22 mmol/L ≤ 30 mm/hr .67 mckat/L 0–0. MB fraction Creatinine Fibrinogen (coagulation factor I) Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) Female Midcycle Male 20–170 IU/L 30–220 IU/L 0–12 IU/L 0.5% of total Hgb 0.053–0.66–2.9–5.7 mg/dl 150–360 mg/dl 0.4–0.3%-7.9 x 106/mcl 3.1–15.1 ≥ 7.5–5 x 106/mcl 4.8 Fasting 60 min 90 min 120 min (γ ) .

7–1.8 Diabetic > 7.+ HCO3-]) (P) Antithrombin III (AT III) Bicarbonate: Arterial Venous Bilirubin: Conjugated (direct) Total Calcitonin Calcium: Total Ionized Carbon dioxide content (plasma) Carcinoembryonic antigen Chloride Coagulation screen: Bleeding time Prothrombin time Partial thromboplastin time (activated) Protein C Protein S 3–9. MB fraction Creatinine Fibrinogen (coagulation factor I) Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH): Female Midcycle Male Glucose.5–3.5–3.8 Glucose Tolerance Test (Oral) .5–1.4 µ/ml Copper.2–2.33–2.6 g/L 2–13 IU/L 5–22 IU/L 1–8 IU/L 3.diffusion 250–5000 units/106 cells 250–5000 mcunits/cell Reference Value (Conventional units) (SI units) 20–120 mcg/dl Ammonia Nitrogen Amylase Anion gap (Na+-[Cl . fasting 2–13 mlU/ml 5–22 mlU/ml 1–8 mlU/ml 65–115 mg/dl (mg/dl) Normal 70–105 Diabetic > 140 70–160 mcg/dl < 60 pg/ml 5–30 mcg/dl 2–15 mcg/dl ≤ 50% of 0800 hr 20–170 IU/L 30–220 IU/L 0–12 IU/L 0.4–5.2 mckat/L 44–150 mcmol/L 1.6–10.7–1.3 mmol/L 21–32 mmol/L < 3 mcg/L 95–110 mmol/L 180–570 sec 10–13 sec 22–37 sec 0.7 mg/dl 150–360 mg/dl 700–1400 U/ml 700–1400 U/ml 11–25 mcmol/L < 13.Pphosphate dehydrognase (G-6-PD) Determination Blood.4 µ/ml 0.1–1 mg/dl) < 100 pg/ml 8.1 mg/dl 21–32 mmol/L < 3 ng/ml 95–110 mEq/L 12–70 mcmol/L 11–32 µmol/L 0.67 mckat/L 0–0.Glucose-6 .2 mg/dl (0. total Corticotropin (ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone) . Plasma or Serum: Ammonia (NH3) .2 pmol/L 138–810 nmol/L 50–410 nmol/L ≤ 50% of 0800 hr 0.3 mg/dl 4.3 mmol/L (mmol/L) Normal 3.0800 hr Cortisol: 0800 hr 1800 hr 2000 hr Creatine kinase: Female Male Creatinine kinase isoenzymes.58–1.74 mmol/L 1–1.97 mckat/L 7–16 mmol/L 800–1200 U/L 21–28 mmol/L 22–29 mmol/L ≤ 4 mcmol/L (2–18 mcmol/L) < 100 ng/L 2.5 min 10–13 sec 22–37 sec 15–45 µg/dl 35–118 IU/L 7–16 mEq/L 80–120 U/dl 21–28 mEq/L 22–29 mEq/L ≤ 0.6–6.9–5.83 mckat/L 0.

8 x 109/L 3.5–5 x 106/mcl 4.7 ≥ 11.120–170 Fasting 60 min 90 min 120 min (γ ) -Glutamyltransferase (GGT): Male Female 100–140 70–120 ≥ 200 ≥ 200 ≥ 140 6.7–9.09 fmol/cell 20.6% 40.6–7.3–5.5% of total Hgb 0.66–2.075 12.1 ≥ 11.03 g/L Determination Hematologic tests: Fibrinogen Reference Value Conventional units SI units 200–400 mg/dl Hematocrit (Hct). female male Hemoglobin A 1C 2–4 g/L Hemoglobin (Hb).6 fl 1.9 x 1012/L 80–97.053–0.446 fraction of 1 0.1 ≥ 7.8–17.3–22 mmol/L ≤ 30 mm/hr Erythrocyte enzymes: ≤ 30 mm/hr .6 mcm3 27–33 pg/cell Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (sedrate.8–9.503 fraction of 1 5.8 9–50 units/L 8–40 units/L Haptoglobin 44–303 mg/dl 9–50 units/L 8–40 units/L 0.9 x 106/mcl Mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentrate (MCHC) 80–97.8 3.3–5.5 g/dl 3800–9800/mcl 121–153 g/L 138–175 g/L 3.9–6.4–0.3%-7.1–15.36–0.5–5 x 1012/L 4.3 g/dl Erythrocyte count (RBC): female male Mean corpuscular volume (MCV) Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) 3.3% 0.44–3.7%-50. female male Leukocyte count (WBC) 36%-44.4 5. ESR) 33–36 g/dl 13.

3 mcmol/L 8.17 mckat/L 0.1–12.1–31.06–0.4–31.26 fraction of total 0.5%-1.67–4.2 mmol/L < 5.2 mmol/L 100–250 IU/L 6–19 mg/dl ≤ 50 mcg/dl 10–150 units/L 1.1 mmol/L ≤ 2.39 fraction of total 0.4 ng/ml 150–450 x 103/mcl 23–862 pmol/L 7–28.16 fraction of total 0.2–6.3 mcmol/L 39.015 223–1132 pg/ml 165–835 pmol/L Iron: Female Male Iron binding capacity Isocitrate dehydrogenase Isoenzymes 30–160 mcg/dl 45–160 mcg/dl 220–420 mcg/dl 1.26 fraction of total Fraction 2 20%-26% of total 0.005–0.14–0.7–2.Glucose-6 Pphosphate dehydrognase (G-6-PD) 250–5000 units/106cells 250–5000 mcunits/cell Ferritin Folic acid: normal Platelet count 10–383 ng/ml Reticulocytes >3.1 nmol/L 150–450 x 109/L 0.2–7 units/L 0.29–0.08–0.2–7 units/L 14%-26% of total 5.41 mcmol/L 10–150 units/L Borderline-high .4–75.2 mcmol/L 1.5% of erythrocytes Vitamin B12 0.16 fraction of total Fraction 1 29%-39% of total Fraction 3 8%-16% of total Fraction 4 6%-16% of total Fraction 5 Lactate dehydrogenase Lactic acid (lactate) Lead Lipase Lipids: Total Cholesterol Desirable < 200 mg/dl 200–239 mg/dl < 5.20–0.

2 mmol/L < 3.32–4.8–1.45 4. (phosphate) Potassium Reference Value Conventional units SI units 80–105 mm Hg > 500 mm Hg 0.5 ng/ml 0.1–1.8 nmol/L 0.2 mEq/L 280–300 mOsm/kg 94%-100% 35–45 mm Hg 7.5 ng/ml 1.4–24.52–11.6–5 g/dl 2.5 g/dl < 60 IU/ml 135–147 mEq/L 0.5 mckat/L 20–130 IU/L or 0.21–3 nmol/L 9. total at 37°C Phosphatase alkaline Phosphorus.52 mmol/L > 6. arterial 1.11 mmol/L < 0.6 nmol/L 1.2 mcg/L 0–4 ng/ml 60–80 g/L 36–50 g/L 23–35 g/L < 60 kIU/L 135–147 mmol/L .5–5 mEq/L 10.17 mckat/L 0.2 ng/ml 0–4 ng/ml 6–8 g/dl 3.3–37 nmol/L 0.26–4.High LDL Desirable > 239 mg/dl < 130 mg/dl 130–159 mg/dl Borderline-high High HDL (low) Triglycerides Desirable > 159 mg/dl < 35 mg/dl Borderline-high High Very high < 200 mg/dl 200–400 mg/dl > 4. arterial pH.2–10.8 nmol/L 8–89 nmol/L < 1.36 mmol/L 3.11 mmol/L 400–1000 mg/dl > 1000 mg/dl Magnesium Osmolality Oxygen saturation (arterial) PCO2.4–24.13–0.5–5 mmol/L Progesterone Female Follicular phase Luteal phase Male Prolactin Prostate specific antigen Protein: Total Albumin Globulin Rheumatoid factor Sodium Testosterone: Female Male 6–86 ng/dl 270–1070 ng/dl 0. inorganic.1 mmol/L 280–300 mmol/kg 0.3–2.91 mmol/L < 2.94 .6 mmol/L 3.63 IU/L 20–130 IU/L 2.32–4.36–4.33–2.1–1.5–28 ng/ml < 0.65–1.fraction of 1 4.3 mmol/L 0.2–10.35–7.5 IU/L or 2.45 Determination PO.6–14 kPa 2.3–3.5–5 mg/dl 3.7–6 kPa 7.5 ng/ml 2.3 mmol/L > 11. arterial: Breathing room air On 100% O Phosphatase (acid).26 mmol/L 2.35–7.

38 fraction of 1 0.8 g/day 4.1–15.9 mmol/L 179–476 mcmol/L 0.002–1. 11–47 IU/L SGOT) Transaminase. SGPT) Transferrin Urea nitrogen (BUN) Uric acid Vitamin A (retinol) Zinc 1 2 3 7–53 IU/L 220–400 mg/dL 8–25 mg/dl 3–8 mg/dl 15–60 mcg/dl 50–150 mcg/dl Age dependent Infants and adolescents up to 104 U/L Infants in the first year up to 6 mg/dl Urine Determination Calcium Catecholamines: Epinephrine Norepinephrine Catecholamines.43 mmol < 20 mcg/day < 100 mcg/day < 110 µg 15–60 mcg/day < 109 nmol/day < 590 nmol/day < 650 nmol 0.5–8 29–42 mmol/day 25–100 mmol/day .4 nmol/L 51–142 nmol/L 0.9–8.3 g/day 25–100 mEq/day 71–195 µmol/kg 71–265 µmol/kg 5.95 mcmol/day Reference Value Conventional units SI units 50–250 mcg/day 1.25–6. 24-hr < 150 mg/day 100–250 mEq/day 1.24–0.48–4. 24-hr Copper Creatinine: Child Adolescent Female Male pH Phosphate Potassium Protein Total At rest 1–14 mg/dL 50–80 mg/day Protein.Thyroid Hormone Function Tests: Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) Thyroxine-binding globulin capacity Total triiodothyronine (T3) Total thyroxine by RIA (T4) T3 resin uptake 0.8–1. AST (aspartate aminotransferase.5–8 0. ALT (alanine aminotransferase.2 mcU/ml 10–26 mcg/dl 75–220 ng/dl 4–11 mcg/dl 25%-38% 0.002–1.88 mckat/L 2.12–0. random Uric acid.6–1.78 mckat/L 0.5 g/day 0.3 mmol/day 7.9–1.35–6.00 g/L 2.25–0.35–6.15 g/day 100–250 mmol/day 1.9 mmol/day 4.2–3. quantitative Sodium Specific gravity.7–23 mcmol/L Transaminase.3–13.25 mmol/day 8–22 mg/kg 8–30 mg/kg 0.030 1.030 250–750 mg 10–140 mg/L 50–80 mg/day < 0.18–0.52–2.09 mcmol/L 7.20–4.2 mU/L 100–260 mcg/L 1.

5 mcg/ml 9–25 mcg/L 0.08–0.1 Diet dependent.5 nmol/L 6–18 mcmol/L nd 4.5–21.2–1 mcg/ml 1.5–2 mcg/ml 5–20 mcg/ml nd nd 1.8–32. Drug Levels* Drug Determination Amikacin (trough) (peak) Gentamicin (trough) (peak) Kanamycin (trough) (peak) Netilimicin (trough) (peak) Streptomycin (trough) (peak) Tobramycin (trough) (peak) < 5 mcg/ml 5–20 mcg/ml 0.5–6 mcg/ml 0.9 mcmol/L Reference Value Conventional units SI units Aminoglycosides Drug Determination Amiodarone Bretylium Digitoxin Digoxin Disopyramide Flecainide Antiarrhythmics Lidocaine Mexiletine Procainamide Propranolol Quinidine Tocainide Verapamil Carbamazepine Phenobarbital Anticonvulsants Phenytoin Primidone Valproic Acid Antidepressants Amitriptyline Amoxapine Bupropion Clomipramine Desipramine Doxepin Imipramine Maprotiline Nortriptyline Reference Value Conventional units 0.3 mcg/ml 4–12 mcg/ml 10–40 mcg/ml 10–20 mcg/ml 4–12 mcg/ml 40–100 mcg/ml 110–250 ng/ml 200–500 ng/ml 25–100 ng/ml 80–100 ng/ml 115–300 ng/ml 110–250 ng/ml 225–350 ng/ml 200–300 ng/ml 50–150 ng/ml nd SI units 1.3 mcmol/L 12.5–20.8–21.5–4 mcmol/L 11.5–2 mcg/ml 6–10 mcg/ml 20–30 mcg/ml 34–51 mcmol/L 1–4.5–2 mcg/ml 4–8 mcg/ml 50–200 ng/ml 2–6 mcg/ml 4–10 mcg/ml 0.2 mcmol/L nd nd 17–51 mcmol/L 43–172 mcmol/L 40–80 mcmol/L 18–55 mcmol/L 280–700 mcmol/L 500–900 nmol/L nd nd nd nd nd nd nd nd .7 mcmol/L 0.8 mcmol/L 5–10 mcg/ml 20–25 mcg/ml 0.7–13.1–4.5–2 mcg/ml 6–10 mcg/ml nd nd nd nd 1–8 mcg/ml 1.5 mcmol/L nd 17–34 mcmol/ml 190–770 nmol/L 4.6–9.8–2 ng/ml 2–8 mcg/ml 0.9–2.2 mcmol/L 12.8 nmol/L 0.5 mcg/ml 0.5–2.5–1.

5–4.7 mcg/ml 10–20 mcg/ml 250–800 ng/ml (whole blood.2 ng/ml 2–57 ng/ml nd nd 150–950 nmol/L nd nd nd nd Drug Determination Amantadine Amrinone Chloramphenicol Cyclosporine Reference Value Conventional units 300 ng/ml 3. In addition to classifying stages of hypertension on the basis of average blood pressure levels.8 ng/ml 5–20 ng/ml 0.13–2. the higher category should be selected to classify the individual's blood pressure status. However. and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. National Institutes of Health. RIA) 50–300 ng/ml (plasma.6–1.presence or absence of target organ disease and additional risk factors Optimal blood pressure with respect to cardiovascular risk is below 120/88 m Hg. The following table is adopted from the Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention. clinicians should specify .1 ng/ml 10–20 mcg/ml (trough) 5–15 ng/ml nd (peak) 20–40 mcg/ml nd * The values given are generally accepted as desirable for treatment without toxicity for most patients. Toxic: 50–100 mg/dl (10. 1 2 3 4 nd = No data available.2 mmol/L 724–2172 mcmol/L nd nd 55–110 mcmol/L Ethanol Miscellaneous Hydralazine Lithium Salicylate Sulfonamide Terbutaline Theophylline Vancomycin 0 mg/dl 100 ng/ml 0. exceptions are not uncommon. * When systolic and diastolic blood pressures fall into different categories.7 mmol/L). Parent drug plus N-desmethyl metabolite. 24–hour trough values. However. Evaluation. RIA) nd nd SI units 31–62 mcmol/L nd nd 0 mmol/L nd 0.8–1.2 mEq/L 100–300 mg/L 5–15 mg/dl 0.9–21.6–1. 1 . Detection. Classification of Blood Pressure * Category Optimal Normal High-normal Hypertension Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 140–159 160–179 ≥ 180 or or or 90–99 100–109 ≥ 110 < 120 < 130 130–139 Reference value Systolic (mm Hg) and and or Diastolic (mm Hg) < 80 < 85 85–89 For adults age 18 and older who are not taking antihypertensive drugs and not acutely ill.Protriptyline Trazodone Chlorpromazine Fluphenazine Antipsychotics Haloperidol Perphenazine Thiothixene 70–250 ng/ml 800–1600 ng/ml 50–300 ng/ml 0.

.initial screening .unusually low readings should be evaluated for clinical significance Based on the average of two or more readings taken at each of two or more visits after an 2 .

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