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ADJECTIVES 1. Some adjectives are seldom never used before the noun they describe.

These include:
Some a- adjectives: afraid alive alight (bng chy) alone alike ashamed E.g. The house was alone in the filed. (but not The alone house) Some adjectives when they describe health and feelings: content ill fine poorly (khng khe) glad sorry E.g. My son felt unwell. (but not My unwell son) asleep awake aware (un)sure upset (un)well

2. Some classifying and emphasising adjectives are seldom or never used after a linking verbs:
Classifying adjectives: atomic (nguyn t) cubic (lp phng) digital (con s) medical phonetic (ng m) chief (ch yu) entire initial (ban u) main only whole E.g. The main problem has now been solved. E.g. I sent my entire savings on the project. Emphasising adjectives: absolute (hon ton) mere (ch l) complete utter (hon ton) E.g. I felt an absolute idiot when I found that I hadnt got any money. eventual (cui cng) occasional northern (etc.) maximum (ti a) minimum (ti thiu) underlying ( di)

3. Some adjectives can be used immediately after a noun. These include:


Some -ible and -able adjectives such as (only when the noun follows words such as first, last, next, only and superlative adjectives, or when a propositional phrase follows the adjectives): available possible imaginable suitable E.g. Its the only treatment suitable. (or the only suitable treatment.) and: concerned (ko theo) opposite responsible involved present (c mt) E.g. All the people present approved of the decision. E.g. The party was excellent, and Id like to thank all the people concerned.

4. Some particle adjectives have an adverb form with -ly:


alleged (c vin ra) belated (n mun) contented (tha mn) dejected (tht vng) deserved (ng n) excited hurried marked (r rng) pointed (ma mai, su sc) repeated reported (gin tip) reputed (c cho l) supposed unexpected wholehearted (ton tm) wicked (c c, nguy him)

E.g. The weather had turned unexpectedly stormy.

5. Some adverbs have two forms, one ending -ly and the other not.
cheap fine clean loud clear slow E.g. Ill be there as quick(ly) as I can. E.g. Try to sing loud(ly) in the last verse. thin quick

6. A few particles are used immediately after nouns, but rarely before them:
applying found taken caused provided used E.g. None of the candidates applying was accepted. (but not the applying candidates.) E.g. My watch was among things taken. (but not the taken things.)

7. Some particles can be used before or immediately after nouns:


affected (gi to) identified broken infected (u c) chosen interested E.g. Rub the area infected with this antiseptic cream. or Rub the infected area with this antiseptic cream remaining (cn li) resulting stolen

8. When an adjective follows a linking verb with a personal subject we can put a number of things after the
adjective, including: that-clause (with the exception of aware and confident these can also be followed by a to-infinitive): afraid astonished (un)happy certain alarmed aware pleased confident amazed concerned shocked positive angry delighted sorry sure annoyed disappointed upset ashamed glad worried E.g. He became worried (that) she might leap out from behind a door. E.g. She felt certain (that) shes seen him before. to-infinitive: (un)able free prepared careful good ready crazy hard welcome curious (t m) impossible willing (bng lng) difficult inclined (c xu hng) easy nice E.g. Youre free to leave at any time you want E.g. Theyre very easy to please. However, for the underlined adjectives above we can use adjective + to-infinitive + that-clause: E.g. She was ready to admit (that) I was right. E.g. They were prepared to accept that my idea was a good one. -ing form: busy, worth E.g. He was busy doing his homework.

9. Some adjectives which take of + subject in the pattern it + linking verb + adjective include:
careless greedy generous kind E.g. It was generous of her to take on the job. nice silly wrong

10. Some adjectives which take for + subject in the pattern it + linking verb + adjective include:
difficult hard easy important essential impossible E.g. It seemed difficult for him to walk. necessary unacceptable vital (cn thit)

11. We can also use it + adjective after these verbs before a that-clause or to-infinitive:
believe feel consider find E.g. I thought it dreadful that Liz was asked to design. E.g. They consider it wrong to smoke in public places. think

(by Doan Tuan Ngoc)

Be Good At Adjectives