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1. A lens of glass is immersed in water. What will be its effect on the power of the lens? 2. When a ray of light passed through a prism, under what condition the angle of incidence is equal to the angle of emergence? 3. How does the intensity of scattered light vary with wavelength of incident light? 4. How does the resolving power of a telescope change, if the incident yellow light is replaced by blue light? 5. The refractive index of a medium is 1.732. What is the angle of refraction, if the unpolarised light is incident on it at the polarizing angle of the medium? 6. Two thin lenses of power + 7D and 3D are in contact. What is the focal length of the combination? 7. When light undergoes refraction, what happens to its frequency and wavelength? 8. The refractive index of the material of a concave lens is n1. It is immersed in a medium of refractive index n2. A parallel beam of light is incident on the lens. Trace the path of emergent rays when (i) n1 = n2 (ii) n2 > n1 (iii) n2 < n1. 9. At what angle of incidence should a light beam strike a glass slab of refractive index 3, such that the reflected and refracted rays are perpendicular to each other? 10. Refractive index of glass for the yellow, green and red colours is y, g and r respectively. Rearrange these symbols in an increasing order of values. 11. A concave lens has same radii of curvature for both sides and has a refractive index of 1.6 in air. In the second case it is immersed in a liquid of refractive 1.4. Calculate the ratio of the focal lengths of the lens in the two cases. 12. Using the data given below, state which of the given lenses will you prefer to use as(i) an eyepiece, and (ii) an objective, to construct an astronomical telescope? Give reason for your answer. Lens L1 L2 L3 L4 Power 1D 10 D 10 D 20 D Aperture 0.1 m 0.05 m 0.02 m 0.02 m

13. A converging and a diverging lens of equal focal lengths are placed coaxially in contact. Find the power and focal length of the combination. 14. A ray of light passes through an equilateral prism (refractive index 1.5) such that the angle of incidence is equal to angle of emergence and the later is equal to 3/4th of angle of prism. Calculate the angle of deviation.

15. What changes in the focal length of a (i) concave mirror and (ii) convex lens occur, when the incident violet light on them is replaced with red light? 16. A glass prism has a minimum angle of deviation D in air. State with reason, how the angle of minimum deviation changes, if the prism is immersed in a liquid of refractive index > 1. 17. How will the resolving power of compound microscope be affected, when (i) the frequency of light used to illuminate the object is increased and (ii) the focal length of the objective lens is increased? Justify your answer in each case. 18. How does the resolving power of a compound microscope change on (i) decreasing the wavelength of light used and (ii) decreasing the diameter of the objective lens? Justify your answer in each case. 19. The magnifying powers of two astronomical telescopes are the same, but the aperture of their objective lenses are in the ratio 2: 3. State with reason, which telescope has (i) larger resolving power and (ii) which one produces image of greater intensity? 20. A converging lens has a focal length of 20 cm in air. It is made of material of refractive index 1.6. If it is immersed in a liquid of refractive of 1.3, what will be its new focal length? 21. Two convex lenses of same focal length but aperture 5 cm and 10 cm are used as objective lenses in two astronomical telescopes. (i) What will be the ratio of their resolving powers? (ii) Compare the intensity of image formed in two cases. 22. Double convex lens is to be manufactured from a glass of refractive index 1.55, with both the faces of same radius of curvature. What is the radius of curvature required if the focal length is to be 20 cm? 23. A beam of light converges to a point P. A lens is placed in the path of the convergent beam 12 cm from P. At what point does the beam converge if the lens is: (i) a convex lens of focal length 20 cm, (ii) a concave lens of focal length 16 cm? Do the required calculations. 24. Draw a labeled diagram to show the image formation in a reflecting type telescope. Write its advantages over refracting type telescope. On what factors do its resolving power depends? 25. You are given three lenses having powers P and apertures A as shown below: P1 = 6 D, A1 = 3 cm P2 = 3D, A2 = 15 cm P3 = 12D, A3 = 1.5 cm Which two of these lenses will you select to construct- (i) a telescope and (ii) a microscope? State the basis of your answer in each case.