A Buccaneer's Atlas

Preferred Citation: Howse, Derek, and Norman J. W. Thrower, editors A Buccaneer's Atlas: Basil Ringrose's South Sea Waggoner. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1992 1992. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft7z09p18j/

A Buccaneer's Atlas Basil Ringrose's South Sea Waggoner Edited by Derek Howse and Norman J. W. Thrower
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS Berkeley · Los Angeles · Oxford © 1992 The Regents of the University of California

To Warren L. Hanna Author, Lawyer, and Gentleman (1898-1987)

Preferred Citation: Howse, Derek, and Norman J. W. Thrower, editors A Buccaneer's Atlas: Basil Ringrose's South Sea Waggoner. Berkeley: University of California Press, c1992 1992. http://ark.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/ft7z09p18j/ To Warren L. Hanna Author, Lawyer, and Gentleman (1898-1987)

FOREWORD
In the history of the buccaneers, those romanticized robbers of the Spanish Main, the Caribbean, and the Pacific coasts in the late seventeenth century, Henry Morgan has well overshadowed Bartholomew Sharp, and Sharp, in turn, has overshadowed Basil Ringrose. As a criminal, Ringrose had something to be said for him: not the most cruel and savage of the breed, he had a gift for sketching harbors and for writing (when he was not seasick on a voyage) a very readable kind of narrative—one of historical importance. Certainly Bartholomew Sharp got most of the credit, and deserved at least some of it, after he appeared in England, along with Ringrose and some others, in the spring of 1682. Sharp had been an effective and enduring leader of his band of buccaneers in the enterprise of crossing to the Pacific shore and, in capturing Spanish shipping, had reaped a considerable harvest from the colonial power, though not without many setbacks. Moreover, he had shown remarkable skills in navigating the waters south of Cape Horn from west to east (the first English captain to do so) and bringing his stolen vessel, the Trinity , to the West Indies. If Sharp bought himself off with the English King Charles II (who had even knighted and given the lieutenant governorship of Jamaica to Henry Morgan some years before), he did it by means that were not as despicable as most of the actions of Morgan and his like—Sharp supplied as penance a book of charts of the coast of western Spanish America that was regarded as a great prize, and with it he won his freedom. It was Basil Ringrose, however, who made Sharp's voyage known and popular with the adventure-loving reading public of the day. Ringrose wrote a literate and revealing account of the venture that brought the buccaneers across the isthmus of Panama. It followed the core of them, normally under Sharp's leadership, through their many vicissitudes until they arrived rich (except for those who had made their shipmates richer by gambling away their gains) in the West Indies, from there to disperse and commit further crimes until their usually shortspun lives gave out. Ringrose gives us the impression that he might have preferred to spend a quieter life at sea or even on shore as a scholarly writer or craftsman, but he could not resist returning to the pirates' trade, only to lose his life in it some four years after the Trinity adventure. Basil Ringrose's journal, his chief claim to modern notice, has never been printed from the autograph manuscript. What we know is an altered but substantially correct version (somewhat slanted to glorify Sharp) that

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A Buccaneer's Atlas

was, in 1685, published as the second volume of the 1684 London edition of Exquemelin's chameleon-like book, Bucaniers of America . Ringrose tells us little about himself, and little more is so far known, but the journal is both an effective document in maritime history and a record of a particular group of buccaneers in the Pacific. The tale he told, and the sketches of Spanish harbors on the western shores of the Spanish Indies he made, were revealing to his contemporaries and useful to his successors (most of whom had more legitimate grounds for attacking Spaniards than had Sharp or Ringrose). But he did even more: he compiled a substantial "waggoner"—a verbal description in the form of sailing directions—to much of the coast he sailed along as well as to some parts he never visited. This waggoner has remained unprinted; it is presented for the first time in this book by Commander Derek Howse and Professor Norman Thrower. Ringrose's work stems from the famous "Waggoner of the South Sea" with which Sharp bought his freedom from the king. He had captured from a Spanish ship a great prize: a set of official manuscript sailing directions, illustrated by a very large number of coastal charts, and probably by a general map, much more detailed than previously available. This he set a hack translator to render into English, and then enlisted a veritable Hack—William Hack, no less, a tradesman chartmaker of the Thames School—to copy its words and charts so that it should be successful in conveying detailed information to the English authorities on the minutiae of the shorelines of what, to almost all Englishmen, was Terra Incognita indeed. King Charles II in the end received several copies, and others were commissioned for his successor and for other influential persons around the Court. William Hack certainly worked hard at his copying. At least thirteen atlases ―x ― (some finely bound) survive. They contain somewhat varying numbers of illustrations, but all are well made, highly competent, and visually striking. The editors of the present volume rightly consider the relationship of Ringrose's waggoner to Hack's atlases and add to our existing knowledge. Such atlases were regarded as being too confidential to go into print. It is somewhat ironic, therefore, that lesser followers of Sharp and Ringrose—including Exquemelin—had before them in most cases, only the fifteen harbor and town charts and sketches with which Ringrose's published narrative was embellished. So, through Ringrose, that edition of Bucaniers of America had its special value for later venturers into the Pacific. The editors have here provided us with a valuable summary of Basil Ringrose's published journal, reinforced in places by other contemporary narratives, and have printed and commented on his waggoner—the manuscript sailing directions and charts. They have also given us a list and commentary on Hack's "Waggoner of the South Sea." All that is lacking now is an edition of Ringrose's manuscript journal as he wrote it , but they may well spur on others to do it. The editors have here, however, done more than merely bring Ringrose almost to life; they have recovered some of the knowledge and information that constitute the most enduring monument we have of these daring raids on the Spanish Indies, which were so significant in the revealing of the shores of one part of the Pacific Ocean to the eyes of England and of Europe. DAVID B. QUINN NOVEMBER 1990 ― xi ―

PREFACE
One of the lesser-known treasures of the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich is Basil Ring-rose's South Sea Waggoner, a pilot book written about 1682 and never before published. Basil Ringrose was a buccaneer—which is a polite way of saying "pirate"—one of a band of Englishmen who walked across the Isthmus of Darien, embarked in Indian canoes, and captured Spanish ships off the city of Panama. The buccaneers made one of these ships, the four-hundred-ton Trinity , their flagship, and from her they harried Spanish ports and shipping on the Pacific coasts of the Americas for some eighteen months, eventually sailing around Cape Horn to the West Indies. The results of this voyage proved of the greatest interest to King Charles II of England and his ministers, even giving rise to a minor diplomatic incident with Spain. This waggoner was one of those results: it is unique, not only because no other copy is known, but also because it contains a description, with charts, of the coast of California from Cape Mendocino to Cape San Lucas, the earliest such description in English. It is therefore fitting that this edition should be published by the University of California Press. One of the editors (H.D.H.), who has in general looked after matters historical, was lately Head of the Department of Navigation and Astronomy at the National Maritime Museum; the other (N.J.W.T.), who has looked after matters geographical and cartographic, is Professor of Geography at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), and Director of its William Andrews Clark Memorial Library and Center for Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Studies.

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A Buccaneer's Atlas

Many people have helped to make this book possible, but our special thanks go to the Director and Trustees of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, for permitting us to prepare this edition of one of their treasures, for providing many facilities, and for giving much assistance, particularly financial help in the provision of photographs and the waiving of reproduction charges; and to the UCLA Academic Senate, Committee on Research, for providing grants over several years. Our particular thanks go also to Tony A. Cimolino of UCLA, who has helped in so many ways; to Professor David B. Quinn of the University of Liverpool and president of the Hakluyt Society, not only for writing the Foreword, but also for his most constructive criticisms of the introductory text, a task performed also by Commander David W. Waters, formerly of the National Maritime Museum, R. B. Knight of Chartham, Kent, and Peter Earle of the London School of Economics; to Professor W. Michael Mathes of the University of San Francisco, for identifying the original Spanish sources in the early part of the waggoner; to Professor A. Kiralfy of King's College, London, for his elegant translations of Latin court proceedings: to Dominique Pahlavan of UCLA, the cartographic compiler of the index charts; and to Warren L. Hanna of Kensington, California, for his generous donations. We owe our thanks also to many other individuals and institutions who assisted us in our research, all so patient and helpful. In the many libraries whose facilities we used, the following gave particular help: John C. Dann and Laurence B. Kiddle, of the Clements Library, University of Michigan; Philip Hoen and Estelle Rebec, of the Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley; R. C. Latham, of the Pepys Library, Magdalene College, Cambridge, England; Marilla Fletcher, Roger Knight, Ann Montagu (who transcribed the whole waggoner text), David Proctor, Alan Stimson, Christopher Terrell, Piet van der Merwe, and Gervaise Vaz, of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich; Peter Barber, Margaret Nickson, and Helen Wallis, of the British Library, London; J. D. Brown, of the Naval Historical Library, Ministry of Defence, London; Herbert Cahoon and Pamela White, of the Pierpont Morgan Library, New York; Howell J. Heaney and Marie E. Korey, of the Free Library of Philadelphia; Thomas R. Adams, of the John Carter Brown Library, Providence, Rhode Island; and Virginia Rust, of the Huntington Library, San Marino, California. Our thanks also go to Nicholas Rodger, of the Public Record Office, London; John Maggs, of Maggs Bros., London; Jacob Zeitlin, of Zeitlin and Ver Brugge, Los Angeles; H. P. Kraus, of New York; and the late Warren R. Howell, of John Howell Books, San Francisco. Of the many individuals who have helped with information and advice, we would make special mention of the following: Carlos B. Hagen and Professors ― xii ― Charles F. Bennett, Henry J. Bruman, Richard F. Logan, Jonathan D. Sauer, and Hartmut Walter, of the University of California, Los Angeles; Professor H. Homer Aschmann, of the University of California, Riverside; Professor Robert C. Ritchie, of the University of California, San Diego; the late Professor John H. Parry, of Harvard University; Professor Glyndwr Williams, of Queen Mary College, London, and a former president of the Hakluyt Society; Professor Olaf Pedersen, of the University of Aarhus, Denmark; Professor Ursula Lamb, of the University of Arizona, Tucson; the late Professor Christopher Lloyd, of Heath-field, Sussex; and H. Karno, of San Francisco. In addition, the editors and publishers would like to acknowledge the following for permission to reproduce copyrighted materials: The British Library, London, for Figs. pp. 7, 17, and 37; Huntington Library, San Marino, California, for Fig. p. 263; the Naval Historical Library, Ministry of Defence, London, for Fig. p. 36 (photo NMM). All other illustrations are provided courtesy of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. DEREK HOWSE AND NORMAN J. W. THROWER SEVENOAKS, ENGLAND, AND PACIFIC PALISADES, CALIFORNIA NOVEMBER 1990 ― xiii ―

NOTES ON CONVENTIONS
The following conventions have been observed in the introductory text and the notes to the Waggoner: Dates . In the introductory text, except in quotations, dates are expressed in the modern form, with the year starting on January 1—e.g., February 12, 1681. Until 1752, however, Great Britain still followed the Julian calendar, with the year starting on March 24. Thus, Ringrose would have expressed the above date as either February 12, 1680, or February 12, 1680/1. All the English accounts of the voyage used the Julian calendar—as does this account—but Spanish accounts of the same incidents were in the Gregorian calendar, which at that time was ten

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A Buccaneer's Atlas

days in advance of the Julian—February 22, 1681, for the above date. Place-names . In the Introduction only, place-names are generally given in the present-day form, with seventeenth-century equivalents in parentheses where desirable, e.g., Ilo (Hilo), Huasco (Guasco); names that are thoroughly anglicized are spelled without accents, e.g., Panama, Peru. Distances. Miles are nautical miles of approximately 2,000 yards, or 60 to a degree of latitude, unless otherwise mentioned. (English statute miles are 1,760 yards.) Leagues in English texts are nautical leagues of 3 nautical miles, 20 to a degree. The Spanish legua commun was the same measure (5-57 km), although sometimes a Spanish geographical league, at 17.5 to a degree (6.35 kin), was used. Abbreviations . The table below gives the meanings of the abbreviations used in the notes throughout this volume. Most of these abbreviations refer to documents described, along with others, in detail on pp. 261-67 and listed in Tables 1-5, pp. 267-71. Complete citations to secondary works referred to in the notes are given in the select bibliography.
Abbreviation Description

BL

British Library, London.

HMC

Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, 3d report, 1872.

J4

Ringrose's journal, holograph manuscript (BL MS. Sloane 3820).

J5

Ringrose's journal, manuscript copy (BL MS. Sloane 48).

J6

Sharp's journal, manuscript copy (BL MS. Sloane 46B ).

J11

Sharp's journal, late manuscript copy (Naval Historical Library, Ministry of Defence, London, MSS. 4).

J14

Anonymous journal, manuscript copy (BL MS. Sloane 2752).

JP1

Cox's journal, printed (P. Ayres [ed.], 1684).

JP2

Account by W. D. (William Dick), printed (Exquemelin, 1684).

JP3

Ringrose's journal, printed (Ringrose, 1685).

JP4

Account by William Dampier, printed (Dampier, 1697).

JP5

Account by Lionel Wafer, 1698, printed (Knapton, 1699).

JP6

Sharp's journal, printed (Hacke, 1689).

NMM

National Maritime Museum, Greenwich.

PRO

Public Record Office, London.

W8

Hack's waggoner, manuscript, 1685 (NMM MS. P.33).

W9/A4

Hack's waggoner, manuscript [1688] (Philadelphia MS. Elkins 169).

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A Buccaneer's Atlas
W12 Hack's waggoner, manuscript, 1698 (BL MS. K.Mar. VIII 16).

Cross references . Parenthetical citations in the form "Wag. p. 50" refer to the transcriptions of the text of Ringrose's Waggoner (W3 ) between pp. 46 and 256, where a particular place has been described by Ringrose. ― xiv ― Image not available. The Pacific coast of the Americas, showing the track of the Trinity , April 1680-January 1682. From William Hack's manuscript South Sea Waggoner, dedicated to King James II in 1685. (From National Maritime Museum MS. P.33.) ―1 ―

INTRODUCTION

Prologue
That which often Spurs men on to the undertaking of the most difficult Adventures, is the sacred hunger of Gold; and 'twas Gold was the bait that tempted a Pack of merry Boys of us, near Three Hundred in Number, being all Souldiers of Fortune, under Command (by our own Election) of Captain John Coxon , to list our salves in the Service of one of the Rich West Indian Monarchs, the Emperour of Darien or Durian . Which Country has its Name from a River so called, running into the South Sea, almost a cross the Isthmus , which is between the two formerly Great Empires of Mexico and Peru , and joyns the Northern and Southern America . (JP1 , 1)

This flowery prose opens the earliest printed account of the voyage that gave rise to the South Sea Waggoner described in this book. [1] In 1680 a band of English buccaneers marched across the Isthmus of Darien from the Atlantic, or North Sea, to the Pacific, or South Sea. They captured Spanish ships in front of the city of Panama, one of which they made their flagship. From this vessel they terrorized Spanish possessions on the west coast of the Americas for eighteen months (mostly under the leadership of Capt. Bartholomew Sharp) and finally sailed around Cape Horn to the West Indies—the first Englishmen to do so from that direction. When they reached England early in 1682, Sharp presented to King Charles II a "great Book full of Sea-Charts and Maps, containing a very accurate and exact description of all the Ports, Soundings, Creeks, Rivers, Capes, and Coasts belonging to the South Sea, and all the Navigations usually performed by the Spaniards in that Ocean" (JP2 , 3:80). That "great Book" was a prize of great military value indeed, because it contained just the sort of information that, since the days of Columbus, Spain had tried to keep secret from other nations—and it was almost certainly the source of Ringrose's South Sea Waggoner reproduced here. So when Sharp and two of his crew were arrested in London—accused by the Spanish ambassador of piracy and murder—there is some evidence that royal influence behind the scenes may have effected the verdict of not guilty, a verdict that eventually caused a minor diplomatic incident with Spain. At the time we are speaking of, England and Spain were at peace. By the Treaty of Madrid in July 1670, "universal peace anti friendship" was proclaimed among the subjects of the two sovereigns in the New World, formal hostilities of every kind were renounced, commissions granted to privateers were withdrawn, and for the future all offenders were to be punished. England was to hold all her possessions in the New World as her own property—particularly Jamaica (a remarkable concession on the part of Spain)—and she consented, on behalf of her subjects, to forbear trading with any Spanish port without a license. This treaty, which allowed for hostile acts to be excused up to July 1671, did very little, however, to deter the buccaneers of Jamaica. In January 1671, before details of the treaty had reached Jamaica officially, the infamous Henry Morgan (later to become respectable as Sir Henry Morgan, lieutenant governor of Jamaica), with a commission from the governor "to defend Jamaica," led 1,800 men across the Isthmus of Darien and attacked the old city of Panama, which the Spaniards set on fire. The buccaneers occupied the city for three weeks, then marched back across the isthmus, taking with them a great deal of booty—Morgan himself [1] Until well into the eighteenth century, the eastern Pacific Ocean was generally known—certainly in England and Spain—as the South Sea, a name bestowed in 1513 by Vasco Núñez de Balboa, the first European to set eyes on that Mar del Sur . The Atlantic (or Western) Ocean near the Americas came to be called the North Sea—Mar del Norte . The names North and South seemed appropriate (see, for example, Ringrose's Waggoner Chart 105)

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Surgeons. and others. later to be a circumnavigator. and bold Assaults of Captain Bartholomew Sharp. Generally known as the Spiegel der Zeevaerdt . although we may euphemistically use the word buccaneers . alias William Williams. rebuilt on a new site since Morgan's sacking nine years earlier. The term waggoner was an English corruption of the name of Lucas Janszoon Waghenaer. William Dick. they marched through the jungle and took the town. Panama and Darien. very prone to exaggeration and to inaccuracy in detail. But. they decided to try and repeat Morgan's success of 1668 by attacking Porto Bello (Portovelo). p. for the space of two years.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.id=0.chunk. in 1584. Such books—and Ringrose's is an excellent example—were known in England by the generic term waggoner until the early eighteenth century. The story told here is culled from all the various accounts mentioned above. 1684]. who wrote far and away the best account. 261-62): Bartholomew Sharp. I http://publishing. according to the customary Laws of the Bucaniers " (JP2 . the New Englander. the surgeon. Landing two hundred men some considerable distance to the eastward. edited by—or for—Bartholomew Sharp. it was translated into English four years later as The Mariners Mirrour . After casting around for some time. 3:64). published the first printed sea atlas with charts and sailing directions assembled systematically in one book. but soon after Christmas 1679.doc. Bucaniers of America The Second Volume Part IV Containing the dangerous Voyage.A Buccaneer's Atlas because the Isthmus of Darien separating the two oceans runs roughly east and west. interspersed with—to give the period feeling—the actual chapter headings and charts from the printed version of Basil Ringrose's account of the voyage. although his critics said it was £70. a Dutch cartographer who. opp.) ―3 ― claimed £30. the reader must remember that these "heroes" were. the city on the Caribbean coast from which the Spanish treasure fleets sailed to Europe. History of the Buccaneers of America [London. a fleet of five ships sailed from Port Royal. John Cox. 3. pirates—robbers and murderers of subjects of a friendly power. And so starts our story proper. two points must be made: first. 1671. pt.cdlib. before we embark. and second.000 and that Morgan had concealed the balance. p. since it has not proved possible to consult original Spanish sources as much as we would have wished. (From James Burney. or were killed in this Expedition. Lionel Wafer. 26. and those who lost any Limbs. the subject of this book.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . albeit magnificent seamen. in which England and France were in somewhat unnatural alliance against Holland. this account relies heavily on the words of the buccaneers themselves.) Image not available. the Owners of the Vessels. plain and simple. Jamaica. "beside what extraordinary shares were drawn by our Officers. Several of the participants wrote accounts of their adventures (discussed at greater length pp. The city of Panama on fire after Morgan's raid. Flushed with success. reduced the level of buccaneering activity against Spain. &c. and Basil Ringrose. 1816]. they decided to try to repeat yet another of Morgan's successes—no less than an attack on the great city of Panama on the Pacific side of the isthmus. William Dampier. and published in 1685 after Ringrose had left on another voyage. The Third Dutch War between 1672 and 1678. performed in the South Sea. Carpenters. ―2 ― Image not available. Thomas in the Virgins. (From an engraving by Jan Kip in John Exquemelin's Bucaniers of America . [London. Chap. an anonymous buccaneer who went to the then Danish island of St. 2d ed. counted leader in all the published accounts of the voyage. opp. 81. gaining booty that allowed some £40 per man.000 worth.

There they were joined by a native chief called by the buccaneers Captain Andreas. however." first saw that very gulf. becoming the first European to set eyes on the South Sea.chunk. We arrived by the dark of the evening on the other side of the Mountain. with other occurrences till they arrive at the place. the buccaneers continued their difficult march until they arrived at a large Indian village. But the worries of both parties were compounded by having lost touch with each other: both feared treachery by the Indians. led by Captains John Coxon. The most important leader in our story. and the http://publishing. we were constrained to quit. and others. on the way. 331 men landed at daybreak on April 5. Peter Harris (two companies each). set forth in a Fleet towards the Province of Darien. and strength of their Forces by Sea and Land. about eighteen miles. almost all armed with fuzee. and "each of them [having] ―4 ― three or four Cakes of Bread. Richard Sawkins. The remainder of the party. and then up a woody valley. and as for drink. where they were able to rest for the remainder of that day and the whole of the next. the chief leadership changed from time to time. but.A Buccaneer's Atlas Captain Coxon. They marched along the river bank all Friday. and get out of our Boats. and when they reached the canoes on Saturday they decided to divide into two parties for the trip downstream—and perhaps have a rest from walking. They marched off in seven companies. "certainly we were in a worser condition now in our Canoas . reaching the headwaters of the River Tuira (Santa María). Sawkins.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Number of their Ships. The next day they started climbing and had soon crossed the dividing range. For at the distance of almost every stones cast. according to our reckoning. including Ringrose. eighteen months later. Chap. The Indian King of Darien meeteth them by the way. The local Indians proved friendly. took the surviving buccaneers back to the West Indies around Cape Horn. II They march towards the Town of Santa Maria with design to take it. Cook. having been warned by the Indians not to lie in the grass for fear of snakes. Difficulties of this March. in true buccaneering tradition." the advance party to attack Santa María. embarked in fourteen canoes. The attack on Panama they thought a good idea but suggested that. delighted to help the English buccaneers in anything that would discomfort the hated Spanish. which. led by Sawkins and Harris. while Indians were sent downriver to obtain canoes. across a sandy bay. pistol. At nightfall they built huts for shelter. was Bartholomew Sharp. Sharp. and seventy men. 1680.doc. The first "general" was Coxon. according to the votes of individual buccaneers. April 5. so that they hindred our Navigation. building huts for shelter each night. where the gold dust washed in the upper branches of the Santa María River was collected before being sent in batches to Panama. On April 3. 6) Following the river and crossing it every half mile or so. who spoke some Spanish and was to remain with them until they reached Panama.id=0. (called by the English Dough-boy's ) for their provision of Victuals. While there. several times over the very points of Land it self" (JP3 . 8). Coxon. and in many places. and hanger. seven buccaneer ships arrived at Golden Island. 4).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . which in turn empties into the Pacific. Their designs to pillage and plunder in those parts. Santa María lay forty miles across the isthmus and a few miles from the Gulf of San Miguel—so called because it was on Michaelmas Day 1513 that Balboa. each distinguished by a colored flag. having marched that day. On Tuesday morning. with seven Indians as guides. and lodged again by the side of the same River. who. and the path so narrow. that but one man at a time could pass.cdlib. as recounted by Ringrose: Hence we continued our march until noon. Leaving a small party to guard the ships. "silent upon a peak in Darien. continued to march until they embarked in canoes on another branch of the river. yea. the Mountain being so perpendicular. the seven companies started their march—through a wood. and Edmund Cook. though. it was decided that Richard Sawkins should lead the "forlorn. Bartholomew Sharp. On Monday. Thursday. This night likewise some rain did fall." complained Ring-rose. (JP3 . Sharp. Captain Andreas. and then ascended another Mountain extreamly higher than the former. passed through the town of Santa María before emptying into the Gulf of San Miguel. And then the difficult part of their march really began. Ringrose's party reached a spit of land where the other branch of the river joined. All Sunday and Monday they continued down-river. and hale them over either Sands or Rocks: at other times over Trees that lay cross and filled up the River. the raiding party might first attack the Spanish settlement of Santa María. "But if it was so that we were tired in travelling by Land before. each with two Indian pilots. Andreas told them. Here we ran much danger oftentimes. where the River Atrato (Darien) flows into the Caribbean Sea. 1680. the Rivers afforded them enough" (JP3 . upon the Continent of America.

lift our selves up by the boughs of the trees. the other canoes had gone and they were once more alone. By the time Ringrose and his crew had done likewise. having. Country. unto whom we were so nigh. But what was probably worse for the long-term success of the expedition was the fact that the governor escaped with a few men (including the priest). and the garrison of some two hundred soon called for quarter. and was able to take to Panama the news of the attack. they found they could make no headway against the flood and had to improvise some sort of mooring and await the ebb. April 17. The place where we landed was deeply muddy. As soon as we came out of the Woods into the open ground. Despite their apparent success. many shoals appeared. Ringrose had a miserable time. with depths of two and a half fathoms at the town. eluding Sawkins who with ten men in a canoe gave chase. we heard from the Town a small Arm discharged. having already conveyed away all their Treasure of Gold. who had received before-hand intelligence of our coming. With this we were roused from our sleep. The next day. the better. Sawkins led the attack on the palisades with about fifty men. with sundry accidents and dangers of that Voyage. to fetch what Gold is brought to Santa Maria from the Mountains" (JP3 . For we came only three days too late. been allocated a heavy and sluggish canoe. Then when the tide turned. 12). and the town and sent what little booty they had managed to capture back to the Caribbean with twelve men and a few prisoners. Description of the Place. and upon the River hapned to meet two or three Indian Canoas that were laded with Plantans. and but small purchase of what they sought for. we put ourselves in order and marched towards the Town.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . over mountains. 1680. which was Thursday April the Fifteenth.doc. that we were constrained to lay our paddles on the mud to wade upon. which was carried thence to Panama in a Bark[2] that is sent from thence twice or thrice every year. Sunday.A Buccaneer's Atlas Indians predicted that the main buccaneer fleet of canoes would soon arrive. and withal.cdlib. When the tide fell. and taking up our Arms. On Saturday. having stayed in Santa María only two days. more or less. and sent it to Panama " (JP3 . and proceed by Sea to take Panama. but most of the remaining Indians left." by the side of a river twice as wide as the Thames at London. and Ringrose got badly lost. propelled by oars and paddles instead of the sticks and poles that had been needed before. down swift tropical streams—was nearly over: Thus we rowed with all hast imaginable. for fear of being discovered by the Enemy. or else we had met with three hundred weight of Gold. Early on Wednesday. Obviously there was no time to lose: the sooner they could attack Panama. with four other men. IV The Bucaniers leave the Town of Santa Maria. They resolve to go and plunder the second time the City of Panama. ―5 ― Chap. By now they were near the mouth of the river—the http://publishing. Soon the other canoes were out of sight. and Coxon was chosen to lead the enterprise "to please the humours of some of our company. the buccaneers were disappointed with what they found. 10). Extream difficulties. whither our march was all along intended. Chap.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j." as Ringrose put it (JP3 . taking two days to reach the Gulf of San Miguel (or Bellona).id=0. "But as bad a place as it was. (JP3 . where we took up our Lodgings for that night. III They take the Town of Santa Maria with no loss of Men. They spent most of the first night on a sandbank in the rain. they burned the fort. they managed to overtake some of their companions who had spent the night in a hut and who were filling their water jars.chunk. from the Town of Santa Maria . 9-10) With this sort of prose—and this sort of adventure story—it is not surprising that Ringrose's saga became a best-seller. the buccaneers embarked in thirty-five canoes and a captured piragua (a large dugout propelled normally by sail) and started to row downriver. The buccaneers' march—through jungle. our fortune was much worse. Andreas and his son "King Golden-cap" decided to stay with the buccaneers. "The next morning. and River adjacent. to support our Bodies from sinking. This was no large town but only "some wild houses made of Cane. the church. the only casualties among the attackers being two men wounded. the whole fleet—sixty-eight canoes containing 327 Englishmen (4 had returned to the Caribbean during the march) and 50 Indians—set off downstream. with new editions right into the twentieth century. and after that a Drum beating a travailler . we were descryed by the Spaniards . 11). On Friday. And so it proved. insomuch. and were prepared to receive us. About midnight we arrived and landed at the distance of half a mile. about break of day. Afterwards we were forced to cut our way through the woods for some space.

and the great dangers we were [2] In the seventeenth century. Wet and cold. all that we could see being the wide sea.doc. they had lost all their bread and fresh water. About nine o'clock at night. Soon they were approached by friendly—friendly to Ringrose—Indians who had a large canoe and said that. but Ringrose persuaded them not to. Then a larger sea than usual capsized the boat. if the English came with them. Several other accidents and disasters which befel him after the loss of his Companions till he found them again. [3] A map indexing the fifteen charts from the printed version of Ringrose's journal. Fig. decided to land Image not available. insomuch that we were wet from head to foot. so they went ashore to await high water. Chap. So that we had just room enough to sit down in her. Ringrose the Author of this Narrative. though for the loss of our company. a "launch" or "longboat. having seen fires they thought were made by Captain Andreas and his companions. the sorrowfullest night that until then. For a vast Sea surrounded us on one side. generally with three masts." It was not until the eighteenth century or later that barque attained its present more limited meaning to describe a vessel. fore-and-aft-rigged on the mizzen. "A Description of Laguna or Gulf of Ballona. Luckily they were close to an island and managed to struggle ashore.) The Indians' canoe held twenty people and had a sail. and had not one dry thred about us. Index R (p. without so much as a few cloaths to defend us from the injuries of the weather. to see if we could find any water. and Ringrose says they all sat down together and made a fire to cook meat. distant about a League and an half from the mouth of the River. however. instead of a Boat. as also totally destitute of all humane comfort. however. the Indians. Description of the Gulf of Vallona. 15-16) Poor Ringrose! But it was to be some time before things got much better. and yet not quite one foot and a half in breadth where it was at its broadest. They then saw another canoe capsizing in almost the same place. We passed this heavy and tedious night without one sole minute of sleep. For it rained impetuously all night long. At the Island aforesaid. top. being all very sorrowful to see our selves so far and remote from the rest of our companions. The other Spaniards left hastily in Ringrose's old canoe. Ringrose and his companions launched the canoe at daybreak on Monday and started rowing westward. The crew turned out to be six Spaniards from the Santa María garrison. Ringrose somehow thought of his duty to future English navigators. which has rather more place-names. they could catch up with the main party of buccaneers by the next morning. Despite these adversities. We searched the whole Key. were we able to keep any fire burning wherewith to warm or dry us. neither through the violence of the rain. they did. insist on keeping one as a prisoner. p. square-rigged on the fore and main. which he had given them because theirs had broken up when it was driven ashore. He tells us that on this day he produced his first chart. http://publishing. 7. drawn by Ringrose himself for his journal. Neither could we descry at any hand the least thing to relieve us. ―7 ― Image not available. (JP3 . and miraculously by them preserved. and the mighty power of our Enemies the Spaniards on the other. V Shipwrack of Mr. Here in the Gulf it went very hard with us whensoever any wave dashed against the sides of our Canoa. we took up our resting place for that night. We will finish this chapter in Ring-rose's own words: As soon as the Tyde began to turn. if large. followed by the overturned canoe. The sea was high and they had to bail continuously. I ever experimented in my whole life. we rowed away from thence unto an Island. 282). 8.id=0.cdlib. p. mean while our selves were confined to an Egg-shell. ―6 ― in." [3] (The adventures of the next week or so are well illustrated in Fig. high Mountains and Rocks. reproduced here can be found in Appendix A. the term bark (occasionally barque ) was used for any small sailing vessel not designed to be carried in a ship. although their arms and powder were safe. For at that time none of us had a shooe to our feet. for it was nigh twenty foot in length. which the Spaniards had with them. and in Hack's copy of it. and sharp pointed rocks.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . He is taken by the Spaniards. but found none. 43].chunk. p. and leaveth bare wonderful high.A Buccaneer's Atlas Boca Chica—but they were unable to make way against the very strong flood tide. so when they left the island they made good speed. which would have been called a "boat" or. Bucaniers of America . The Indians wanted to kill the Spaniards. in the Gulf of San Miguel [Wag. The Tide ebbeth here a good half mile from the mark of high water. and a little water would easily have both filled and overwhelmed us.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.

http://publishing. and good people.) "Of this. Surprisingly. at anchor in a small bay. April 21—with Sharp. that it is in general more correct and true. P. p. Tuesday.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Ringrose and his companions eventually rejoined the main body of the English. 11) was copied. however. and a treacherous Nation" (JP3 . although they are shown in detail in separate charts anti are included in the charts illustrating the journals of the voyage. They take several Barks and Prisoners by the way. Sailing directions in Spanish. Panama Bay. top). probably that captured by Morgan in 1671. 48. from which the corresponding chart in the printed version (reproduced here on p. making for the island of Chepillo. Sailing west all night in miserable weather. Ringrose eventually managed to communicate in Latin with "some of them. till they come within sight of Panama. but Ringrose and his companions were captured. 128). from the English copy of the Spanish derrotero of 1669. with an English translation in a different hand underneath. than the Spaniards have themselves" (JP3 . Things looked pretty bleak for Ringrose and his companions until the Spaniard who had been made prisoner by the Indians came in "and reported how kind I had been to him. saying. "I may dare affirm. This is typical of all the other copies listed in Table 3 (pp. where they surprised an old man in a watchtower (Wag. Are descryed by the Spaniards before their arrival. North is to the left. Harley 4034. Ringrose politely refused.) Image not available. all these omit the Pearl Islands. by saving their Lives from the cruelty of the Indians . they all set sail again and at about four o'clock reached Plantan Key (the small island about halfway between Pto San Lorenzo and Chepillo on Fig. North is to the left. Panama Bay. 22). f. Though several canoes had capsized after leaving the shelter of the gulf.33. From him they learned that the governor of Santa María had left only the day before for Panama: Sawkins was once again dispatched to try and intercept him before he reached the town. By this time the Indians had been enticed back out of the woods. ―9 ― Chap. no one was lost. f. though. Having first tried English and French. Soon after Ringrose rejoined the buccaneers. can be seen written on the sea areas of the chart. a thirty-ton bark was seen approaching the other side of the island. North is to the left. who were more intelligent than the rest. (From British Library MS. that we Englishmen were very friendly Enemies. (From British Library MS. 29. which was then pushed back into the sea by the Spaniards. from the James II copy of William Hack's South Sea Waggoner.id=0.chunk." Apparently they were a party of prisoners from Santa María who had been marooned by the main body of buccaneers in case any of them managed to escape and take the news to Panama.doc. and they all re-embarked in the canoe. and the other buccaneers seem to have had a less adventurous passage than Ringrose. They order the Indians to kill the Prisoners. When they reached the breakers close to shore. 7. some sixty Spaniards ran out of the woods and hauled the canoe bodily out of the water onto the beach: the Indians managed to escape. Wednesday. 269-70) and is geographically the same as Ringrose's Charts 40 and 41 reproduced in this book. arose from his seat immediately and embraced me.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . and some 130 men in the captured bark and the remainder in their canoes—the whole party sailed once again toward Panama.cdlib. The next day. Sloane 3820.) near Punta San Lorenzo. This was swiftly captured. (From National Maritime Museum MS. 38). at about ten the next morning. which lie between the Gulf of San Miguel (here called the "Gulf of Vallona") and Panama. (The pencil copying squares can still be seen on the original. Soon after dark. Ringrose and his companions were invited to share what little food there was and to stay the night.) ―8 ― Image not available. This and other indications cause one to wonder why Ringrose and Hack did not include in their waggoners the information obtained on the voyage. drawn by Basil Ringrose in his holograph journal of ca.A Buccaneer's Atlas Panama Bay. but that the Indians were very Rogues. and the rest of his Companions. Cook. The Captain having heard him." he said. 1681-82. VI The Bucaniers prosecute their Voyage. p.

Don Jacinto de Barahona. the first buccaneer canoes approached the island of Perico. an armadilla of three small Spanish menof-war had been hurriedly manned. 42. called by Ringrose "an old and stout Spaniard . the bark herself escaping toward Panama. after spending the night at another island where they watered all the forenoon. they sailed at noon Friday for Chepillo—only to find. having stayed only a few hours. Captain Francisco de Peralta. Chap. VII They arrive within sight of Panama. according to William Dampier. In the fierce battle that followed. taking two of the said Vessels. In the afternoon. Sawkins is chosen in chief. the buccaneers decided not to emulate Henry Morgan by attacking the http://publishing. Since the element of surprise was lost. they decided not to make a direct attack on the town but to attack shipping instead. one buccaneer was killed and five wounded. What Vessels they took while they blocked up the said Port. They take several Ships at the Isle of Perico before Panama. ― 10 ― Having disposed of the armadilla . the same ship in which.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. and as soon as the English canoes and piraguas were sighted. they sailed that afternoon in their new one and. the buccaneers took a few native prisoners and captured a piragua. They decided to make for one of the Pearl Islands to the south. This seemed to eliminate any idea of surprise the buccaneers might have had—if the governor had not already given the alarm (Sawkins had had no success in his chase).chunk. For the loss of only eighteen killed and wounded. Captain Peter Harris died of his wounds two days after the battle. where a prisoner told them a new brigantine had just been launched. Sharp and the men in the bark captured at Plantan Key had lost touch with the canoes. provisions—and wine. Native of Andalusia in Spain " (JP3 . She proved to be a man-of-war bark. which was being rebuilt on the peninsula of Ancón (the site of today's Panama City). 1580. they kept two and burned two. to give our Enemies their due. 28). 126). that the main body of buccaneers had left two days before.cdlib. Time was of the essence. including the admiral. And so it proved. this small force sailed to intercept. The next morning. whereas the Spaniards lost a hundred or more killed. But such bloody Commands as these seldom or never do happen to prosper" (JP3 . Of this action. they left Chepillo at about four o'clock and rowed all night. then the man-ofwar bark was bound to do so. One of those captured—badly burned in powder explosions onboard his ship when trying to give succor to his admiral—was the third-in-command. 124. Ringrose said: "The Commanders had strict orders given them. Before dawn on St. when they arrived after dark. Having made a hole in the hull of their old bark. 40-41). which they discovered were almost unmanned. 30). despite a Spanish superiority in numbers of men. 28). Chap. At about eleven o'clock on Thursday morning they reached the island. Peralta himself had fought and escaped with the Panama treasure when Morgan attacked the town ten years earlier (J14 . pp. their provisions were few. April 23. The largest of these was the four-hundred-ton Santísima Trinidad (or Blessed Trinity). Reaching Chepillo on Thursday afternoon. The buccaneers decided to keep the Trinity as their flagship.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . of the other four ships. so. and their resolutions were to give quarters to none of the Pirats or Bucaniers . He was to remain a prisoner of the buccaneers for eight months. Kemp and Lloyd 1960. Captain Coxon with seventy more returneth home.A Buccaneer's Atlas rowing and sailing through shoal water about three miles from the coast. the English captured two of the ships. George's Day. and the parts adjacent. their crews having been pressed into service for the men-of-war the day before. Are encountred by Three small men of War. They fight them with only sixty eight men.doc. Nevertheless. Description of that bloody fight. the buccaneers triumphed. Of Barahona's force in Panama. wood. Harris managed to capture a bark that accommodated thirty men. Ringrose said: "And indeed. the buccaneers turned their attention to the five ships at anchor off Perico. From there they could see the new town of Panama. another bark was sighted and was attacked by Coxon. and they had no water. and utterly defeat them. Meanwhile. VIII Description of the State and Condition of Panama. no men in the world did ever act more bravely than these Spaniards " (JP3 . When the news of the buccaneers' approach had reached Panama the previous day. In the ensuing battle. six miles from the original city burnt during Morgan's raid (Wag.id=0. where they were able not only to capture the new bark but also to persuade the few Spaniards to part with water.

In the meantime. a few miles farther from the city (Chart 41). or brand him.cdlib. Ringrose further describes a big success of about May 10: the taking of the ship San Pedro (JP3 . the buccaneers now had three ships—of 400. They are repulsed from the said place. he took with him the best surgeon in the fleet (not Lionel Wafer). While there. 180. there were loud criticisms of Coxon's conduct during the battle. Sawkins. On May 15.) They resolved therefore to emulate instead an even earlier English "pirate. 35). Chief Commander of the Bucaniers. It seems to have been a pleasant place. was the backwardness in the last Engagement with the Armadilla . Sharp and his men captured a small vessel seen approaching the anchorage. Sharp captured a bark from Paita. Of this I may dare affirm. She had come from Lima (J6 . and another was captured by the Spaniards at the Isle of Gallo. but soon merchants from Panama arrived to trade with the English. In a huff. their chances of success were slim. "The main cause of those reflexions. where they stayed about a fortnight (Wag. 38). Sharp was particularly impressed with the abundant fruit—pineapples.doc. however. plus two thousand very welcome jars of wine and fifty jars of gunpowder. yielding. full of flour. bringing with him welcome supplies of wine. After ten days refitting off Perico. 3:72). slightly farther from Panama. it is possible that the San Pedro and the ship he said he captured on April 26 were one and [4] The Spanish dollar. &c. "And here they kiled our Valiant Capt. the same and that the dates got mixed up in the various accounts. 18. On Monday evening." says Ringrose. that it is in general more correct and true. (Sharp rejoined the Fleet in his bark the day after the battle. After relieving her of 57. comprehending from point Garachine . ― 11 ― Image not available. See Earle (1979. Sawkins led sixty men in a bark and canoes to attack Puebla Nueva (today called Remedios). also called a peso . is killed before Puebla Neuba. and 50 tons respectively—together with two or more barks. concerning which point. having lost the advantage of surprise. Taboga.000 pieces of eight (£14. oranges. coasting the Shore towards the Northern Parts of America . lemons. where there is a Town. and powder and shot.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . the buccaneer fleet of three ships and two small barks sailed to another island. elected to leave also.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. coconuts. who had helped the buccaneers so much since they first landed. "I finished a draught. "Here at Otoque . a man as stoute as could bee and [likewise next unto Captain Sharp . 126). The Indian chief Captain Andreas and his son Prince Golden-cap. 50. 37. The pirate ships then left the Gulf of Panama "about the middle of May . was elected the new "General. in all which time nothing remarkable happened unto us. called by the Spaniards Puebla Nova " (JP2 . than any the Spaniards have themselves. forewarned. and other unidentified fruit. reckoned by all to have been the hero of the Battle of Perico. and attack Spanish shipping and towns in the South Sea. who refused to leave behind any of his instruments or medicaments. On May 22. leaving the Trinity at anchor off Coiba. the best] beloved above any that ever wee had amongst us and http://publishing. 1680. the buccaneers allowed the ship to go on her way. according to Sharp himself. 158). Chap. We persisted in our course the space of eight or ten days. As a result of the Battle of Perico.A Buccaneer's Atlas town itself—which by now had a garrison four times larger than in 1670. Captain Sharp chosen to be their leader.000 pieces of eight (£12.chunk." Sir Francis Drake. where the crew were forced to disclose the buccaneers' future plans—that they were to go south to Guayaquil after a cast up the coast toward Mexico. 43). 13) for an excellent discussion on Spanish money and measures in this period. she was nevertheless a splendid prize. But the Spaniards. 7 and 8]. En route. in quest of some other purchase or design. which had been sent from Peru to pay the garrison of Panama. some sticked not to defame. three days after the battle. p. was equivalent to some five shillings of English money. Although Sharp does not mention this incident. For which cause I have here inserted it [see the chart "The Bay of Panama and Gulf of Ballona" above and Figs. J14 . Unarmed except for rapiers. Sawkings. one of the pirate barks was blown back across the gulf (it did eventually rejoin Coxon). All the inhabitants fled on the pirates' arrival. Many more of their company leave them and return home overland. till at the end thereof we arrived at the isles of Quiblo [Coiba]. selling commodities that were needed and buying goods captured from Spanish vessels. they sailed to the island of Otoque. with a note of Cowardize" (JP3 . on the maim land north of Coiba. they realized that. as well as Negro prisoners at 200 pieces of eight each. repulsed the pirates. To the chagrin of those who remained.500). for the satisfaction of those that are curious in such things" (JP3 .400 jars of wine and brandy.[4] 1." taking over command of the Trinity . "albecato" pears.id=0. to return overland to the ships waiting in the Caribbean. commonly called California . pp.250). IX Captain Sawkins. unto the Bay of Panama . or real de a ocho . The buccaneers were now down to about two hundred men. killing Sawkins and two others. Coxon and some seventy men took the smallest of the captured ships and a piragua and sailed back to the Gulf of San Miguel.

So Ringrose stayed (and was to regret his decision several times in the ensuing months). They resolve to go and plunder Arica. asked our men in full Councel. thinking thereby to make their fortunes. 145). and venture on that long and dangerous Voyage" (JP3 .doc." on the equator some seven hundred miles southwest of Panama—where they could expect to carry out these very important housekeeping operations without Spanish interference. However. but sixty-three pirates decided to leave and on May 31. and at the suggestion of their Spanish prisoner. they anchored on the south side of the http://publishing. west of Panama. had "promised to do great things for us.) "All those who had remained after the departure of Captain Coxon . the entry in Ringrose's own manuscript journal (J4 . the ships had to be refitted and their bottoms cleaned of the marine growth that is so prevalent in those waters. but pressed to depart" (JP3 . Description of this Isle. 43). Wafer. which Peralta said the Spaniards never visited because it always rained (JP3 . as hath been said above. Three days later there occurred another mutiny. they returned overland across the Isthmus of Darien. all optimistic for plunder. leaving their design of Guayaquil. X They depart from Island of Cayboa unto the Isle of Gorgona. Captain Juan of the San Pedro . [with the Spanish Armadilla or Little Fleet. the veteran Spanish captain captured at Perico. and under his Conduct.chunk. be less than loyal to Sharp in the future.id=0. At the same time Peralta. Sharp therefore gave the Mayflower to John Cox. and there to make a compleat Voyage. But first. to whom Sharp gave the one-hundred-ton ship he had just captured. Bartholomew Sharp. and the unknown narrator of J14 were among the forty men in the Mayflower .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. RN. the extremely light winds made their goal impossible to achieve. to make for the Galápagos Islands—the "Isles of the Turtles. "Yet. p. who took over the Trinity and the chief command. only 146 men remained in the two ships that sailed. many of the crew did not approve of Sharp: "Captain Sharp . and Edmund Cook. f.A Buccaneer's Atlas he well deserved. and captured a Spanish ship off Porto Bello (JP3 . then in possession of Philip Gosse. where they Careen their Vessels. In carly April 1680. with the four Indians who had been with the buccaneers since the beginning. . though a minor one this time. for love of Captain Sawkins . and prosecute the design Captain Sawkins had undertaken. manned one of the buccaneer ships left at Golden Island in April 1680." So runs. however. outside the brackets. According to information from prisoners taken in the Gulf of Nicoya a year later. would stay no longer. 43). and Coxon had returned to the Caribbean. When Sawkins was killed. of the five captains who had marched across the isthmus. 45). a New Englander and old acquaintance who would. being much afraid and averse to trust my self among wild Indians any farther. 49). Now. Sharp's command was not without its problems. was transferred to the Mayflower because the newer prisoner. the words inside the brackets being the amendments of the editor of the printed version (JP3 . commanded by Edmund Cook. two months later. Sharp. I chose rather to stay. after which. while Cox. if he was not Bartholomew Sharp himself. The crew of the Mayflower said they would no longer have Cook as captain. they settled for the island of Gorgona. (Based on a chart compiled by Capt. Ringrose's journal continues: ― 12 ― Image not available. under the command of Capt. and only to be in his company. . Of those who wrote accounts. he intended to go home round about America . from John Cox's journal. Dampier. Dick. which was to remain in the South Sea. Captain Peralta. as we shall see. for whereas Sawkins had enjoyed great popularity.000. certainly had Sharp's welfare in mind. 30). used as the endpaper of the latter's book The History of Piracy [London. They decided. About a month after leaving Coiba.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . And Ringrose. Sharp also promised that everyone who stayed would be worth £1. Sharp took charge of the surviving pirates and withdrew. 43). ― 13 ― Chap. Captain Sharp was by accident absent at the time of that great and bloody fight]. 1932]. So. Only two remained—Bartholomew Sharp. and Ringrose stayed in the Trinity . for wee may attribute but the greatest honour to him in our fighte at Panama. 41-42) who. Track chart of the Trinity and Mayflower .cdlib. by his own admission. who of them were willing to go or stay. Especially considering that. 38). 331 buccaneers had left their ships in the Caribbean. therefore. to the coasts of Peru and Chile in search of gold. renamed the Mayflower . was one of those. by Piloting and conducting us unto several places of great Riches" (JP3 . capturing a one-hundredton bark in the river and sailing her back to Coiba to rejoin the Trinity and the other remaining ship. through the Straights of Magallanes " (JP3 . about twenty miles off the coast of present-day Colombia in latitude 3° north (Wag. Harris and Sawkins had been killed. John Cresswell. 1680-82. from Coiba. set sail in Cook's old ship for the Gulf of San Miguel. though unwilling.

152). Chap. Great hardship they http://publishing. where they meet again. and the crew spent three days refitting the rigging and catching and salting a good number of tortoises and goats. and great hardship they endured. Captain Juan from the San Pedro . off Guayaquil.700 nautical miles south of Gorgona. he could carry us to a place called Arica . all the Plate was brought down from Potosi. instructing shipping to stay in port. So both ships remained at anchor off the island. 25).doc. with a description of the Coasts and Sailings thereunto. and two others from the vessel taken off Guayaquil. Image not available. told us. [5] however. about four hundred miles down the coast in latitude 3° south. From their prisoners. to the consternation of both crews. XII Captain Sharp and his company depart from the Isle of Plate. Tediousness of this Voyage. Chuquisaca . Description of this Isle. put most of their earlier prisoners aboard with some food and water. of whom we intended to make good use. he said. taken at Perico. Unto which Town. resulting in a collision in which the latter's bowsprit was fractured. with design to plunder Arica. They touch at the Isle of Plate. who was to remain with the buccaneers for many months. as the Spaniards usually do in three months. another ship was captured. The refitting completed. 82). and several other places within the Land. and learn intelligence from the enemy. Description of the Coast all along. but that we might get there of purchase at least two thousand pound every man. Sharp captured a Spanish bark—his first success since leaving the Panama area two months before. the buccaneers cut down her masts. who had long time sailed among the Spaniards . until such time as the ships did fetch it away" (JP3 . However. including Nicolas Moreno. the Trinity and the Mayflower lost each other. ― 14 ― In thick weather during the night of July 28-29. On September 4. having transferred the Mayflower's forty-man crew and stores to the Trinity . and set her adrift. and "twelve slaves. Some important prisoners were retained: Captain Peralta. p. to do the drudgery of our ship" (JP3 . the pilot Moreno. There the Trinity was careened—beached and hauled down on her side for her bottom to be cleaned and repaired—and some of her after superstructure removed to improve her sailing qualities. They loose one another by the way. XIII A continuation of their long and tedious Voyage to Arica.276 pieces of eight and several important prisoners. and their sailings. However. They take two Spanish Vessels by the way. On the night of August 27. as it turned out—and it would be better to make for Arica.id=0. "for that Country could not afford us a Tree large enough to make a new Boltspreet" (JP1 . A week later. The original intention had been to attack Guayaquil. 1. the Trinity was taken aback while towing the Mayflower . Chap. The two ships sailed on August 17. where it was digged out of the Mountains and Mines. Captain Argandona. 1680. An account of this Voyage. making to the south. After stripping her of most of her cargo. For all the Plate of the South Sea lay there as it were in store. the buccaneers learned that they had indeed been expected off Guayaquil and that the viceroy of Peru had taken steps to warn coastal towns.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. in prosecution of their Voyage towards Arica. Some Memoirs of Sir Francis Drake. and the Coasts all along. in latitude 18° south. it was reckoned that the Spaniards there would be well prepared—an excellent appreciation of the situation. the pilot.chunk. the Mayflower proved a very slow sailer and had to be taken in tow by the Trinity . the bark yielded 3. 53-54). The Spaniards had discovered the English seafarers' intentions—for Guayaquil was Sawkins's original target—when a pirate bark had been captured off the Isle of Gallo earlier in May. both ships sailed from Gorgona on July 25. Ringrose explains the thinking behind the decision: "A certain old man [a Moor].view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . When the Trinity arrived at the Isle of Plate (Wag. The next day. Chap. a direct distance of some three hundred nautical miles to the southeast of Coiba. on the border between Peru and Chile. And that he doubted not. Eight of their company destroyed at the Isle of Gallo.A Buccaneer's Atlas island. XI The Bucaniers depart from the Isle of Gorgona. being deposited at the said place. the port for the silver mines that Drake had once attacked. They sad as far in a fortnight.cdlib. in today's Ecuador. the disabled ship was sunk. Though quite small. they were surprised and delighted to discover that the Mayflower had been at anchor there for some days and was just about to leave. or Drakes Isle.

212-14).chunk. The course from Guayaquil to Arica is directly in the face of the Southeast Trade Winds. They take. most of their plunder still ashore. Sharp therefore. near Coquimbo early the next day. of which Ringrose says. plunder. the Country being all in Arms before them. On the 19th. each man's ration being only half a pint a day. they were forced to sail without having found many of the fresh provisions they so badly needed to combat the disease of scurvy.cdlib. Notwithstanding they land: are encountred by the Spaniards. on September 7. refresh themselves with Provisions. 1680.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 105). where they decided to attack instead the village of Ilo (Hilo). set course in a southwesterly direction to make sufficient offing before their intended descent on Arica. take the Town with little or no loss on their side.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 1680. and those very delicious to the taste" (JP3 . Finally after six days they were driven off. They are descryed before their arrival. 85). A description thereof. La Serena was quite a substantial place.doc. about seventy miles up the coast (Wag. A Stratagem of the Spaniards in endeavouring to fire their ship. having sailed almost a thousand miles. almost on the present-day boundary between Peru and Chile. During this passage. October 25. some 11° of latitude south of Arica and about two hundred miles north of Valparaíso.A Buccaneer's Atlas endured for want of Water and other Provisions. discovered and prevented. and put them to flight. The following night. They made a landfall on December 2 and. Having set fire to the town because the Spanish promise of a ransom was not fulfilled. close by Arica. a Spaniard floated out to the ship on an inflated horse's hide. used by Isaac Newton in his Principia of 1687 to illustrate his newly invented method of calculating a cometary orbit. They release several of their chiefest Prisoners. They retire from thence. having anchored about six leagues south of Arica. Undetected by those left on board. On November 3. and fire the City of la Serena. with canoes under tow. before dawn on November 19. but in the end are cheated by the Spaniards. ― 15 ― were seen from the Trinity . By this time they were very short of water. and rowed all night toward the town of Arica. 101). when each man—so the story went—received twelve tons of plate and sixteen bowls of corns. and dare not land there. or considerable pillage. "Stayed in it 4 days. on October 22. coming under the stern of the ship. Ringrose saw the great comet of 1680. "took much provision and some church plate. More than a month later. 106. and sail unto that of Coquimbo. the Trinity sailed from Ilo. Ring-rose reported that the body was dull and the tail extended eighteen to twenty degrees directly north-northwest (JP3 . p. with seven churches (all with organs) and a chapel. On the evening of Monday. When dawn came. 232). and forced to retire from Coquimbo. pp. sacking the village and a neighboring sugarworks." says Ringrose. but also that the alarm had been raised—defenders lined the beach. "I took this following ground-plat thereof" (JP3 . he turned eastward. a little north of Arica. 1680. see below). But they did not dare land lest they should be discovered prematurely. They are deceived again by the Spaniards. He also commended the strawberries: "as big as Walnuts. We now know that this did not happen. they returned to the ship to discover that she had been the object of a remarkably sophisticated sabotage attempt. they sighted land. Image not available.id=0. Here they land. landed a hundred men to attack the neighboring town of La Serena. which blow steadily almost parallel to the coast throughout the year. the two Magellanic Clouds—galaxies visible to the naked eye in the southern hemisphere— [5] The Isle of Plate (Isla de la Plata) was so called by the Spaniards because Drake was supposed to have divided his spoil there after his successful cruise northward in 1579. cases of which were beginning to appear among the crew. This they did on October 27. The buccaneers turned tail and rowed back to their ship. [and] very rich Church robes" (Wag. XIV The Bucaniers depart from the Port of Hilo. they found not only that the sea was so bad that landing from boats would be hazardous. moreover. once again steering away from the coast to make a large tack to reach Coquimbo. Ringrose reported that the smaller was "about the bigness of a mans hat" (JP3 . though. and forced shamefully to retreat from thence. Chap. They are descryed at Arica. and ships lay at anchor in the roads. without any Ransom for the City. most of the crew left the ship in the launch they had captured from the last prize. and go unto Puerto de Hilo. He then http://publishing.

An exact account of this Voyage. & kept me as prisoner. and goat meat (Wag. the buccaneers managed to embark wood. however. In the region around Coquimbo and La Serena. private communication). and other combustible material between the rudder and the sternpost and set it on fire. as our Captain would have them to do. there is a saying. sulphur. & took my ship perforce out of my possesion. Still very short of water and provisions. (J11 . Description of the Island. John Hilliard. Even after three hundred years. John Fall for the larboard. at the said Island.doc. XV The Bucaniers depart from Coquimbo for the Isle of Juan Fernandez. that year 1680. the Trinity sailed from Coquimbo on December 7. Before sailing.id=0.cdlib. where we kept our Christmass. ― 16 ― teur got successfully ashore again. They mutiny among themselves. Among these was Captain Peralta. This fellow that bred the mutiny was named John Cox. described thus by Bartholomew Sharp himself: My company understanding that I was resolved home this year they got privately on shore together & consulted to turn me out of bearing command. the promoter of which designe as I was cordially informed after was a true hearted desembleing New England man. became master for the starboard watch. where she anchored on Christmas Day on the south side of the main island. The daring saboImage not available. deriving from an earlier version. and as much dissention among our Men. Kiddle of Ann Arbor.chunk. 109). 1680. who would not return home that year. There was about 70 of them in the caball. all but one of the more important prisoners were set free. On one occasion. 4. was stranded for two nights when the weather was so bad that the party could not return on board and the ship had to put to sea. in charge of a party sent ashore for water. & put in another in my place. whom I for old aquaintance sake had taken from before the mast (& made him my vice admirall) it was not at all for his manhood or art for he had none (only as I said before for old aquaintance) as they consulted so they acted. 1681. Only the pilot Moreno remained. heading for the island of Juan Fernández about four hundred miles to the southwest. In the eighteen days they spent off the island. Lawrence B.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. to be put ashore at Nicoya five months later. except on final departure. and give them the slip on the other. from the period when Spanish mothers used to frighten their children by citing Sharp as a bogey-man. water. the Trinity 's master. ― 17 ― http://publishing. Misery they endure.A Buccaneer's Atlas crammed oakum. Sharp's exploits are still remembered in Chile. On January 2. which were found by crewmembers who went ashore immediately after the incident (JP3 . "Ya llegó el charqui a Coquimbo" ("The uninvited guest is already at Coquimbo"). and choose Watling to be their chief Commander. a man much admired by Ringrose—he probably taught Ringrose Spanish—who seems to have been willing to share his local navigational knowledge with the buccaneers. the shipkeepers thought their prisoners were responsible. "Ya llegó el Charpe a Coquimbo" ("Sharp is already at Coquimbo"). Image not available. Alarmed by smoke from the burning rudder. but these outbrave them on the one side. an even earlier bogeyman in South America (Prof. in a bay open to the prevailing southeasterly winds. leaving the hide and a match burning at both ends. there were no reports of anchors not being recovered). former captain of the Mayflower . Despite these difficulties. and great dangers they escape very narrowly there. Chap. Ringrose. 6. 256n)." a reference to Sir Francis Drake. 1681) William Dick fills in some of the background for this dispute: From Coquimbo we sailed to the Isles of Juan Fernandez . p.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . but make a farther search for Gold. Image not available. Jan. John Cox. Perhaps these appointments stimulated mutiny no. but they soon found the source of the fire and put it out before too much damage was done. It is said that sometimes the expression was varied to "Ya llegó el Draque a Coquimbo. Three Spanish Men of War meet with the Bucaniers. they never found a secure anchorage: anchors dragged and the cable parted time and time again (although. finding there good plenty of Provisions. died.

[6] The island Juan Fernandez is known as the castaway island. . Captain Watling their chief Commander is killed in this Attacque. so that some had a great deal. pretending they could do it as being a free election. 82r. a rather unctuous Ringrose added. Three days later ninety-three men landed a couple of miles south of the town. Watling proved to be a poor military commander.chunk.A Buccaneer's Atlas Image not available. . John Watling. 11-14. who leadeth them off. "an old privateer and a stout seaman" (said to have been the Watling who gave his name to the Bahamian island that some say was Columbus's first sight of land in the New World). servant to the deposed Capt. by Ringrose to have been drinking. His rescue in March 1684 by the buccaneer ship Batchelor's Delight is described by Dampier: "He had a little House or Hut half a mile from the Sea. 122-23. In his journal for January 3. and turned Sharp out of his Commission. . had even gone so far as to throw dice overboard when he found them being used for gaming on the Sabbath.) Image not available. a Sunday. Watling sailed from the island so hurriedly that he left behind a Miskito Indian. Edmund Cook. seems to have brought a certain respectability to the company. his Couch or Barbecu of Sticks . the first since the death of Sawkins—who. After a reconnaissance raid on the island of Iquique. who lived there for three years. which was lined with Goats skin. said by Sharp to have been looting apothecary shops. unto that of Yqueque. for at the Isle of Plate . and were for returning home. wounded. whereas many of our men were scarce worth a groat: and good reason there was for their poverty. and take the Town. many years before. where the buccaneers learned that Arica had been put in a state of defense. called by us Drakes Isle . but are beaten out of it again before they could plunder. at dice. 1681 (J4 ).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. and power may pretend to anything. Watling slipped his cable and put to sea immediately. and as was all his http://publishing.cdlib. a ship was wrecked on the island with only one survivor. Bucaniers of America . (From British Library MS. On the present occasion in January 1681. many of them being killed. evading visiting Spanish crews that attempted to find him. almost a thousand pound. Cruelty committed upon one of the said prisoners. pt. (William Cook died for reasons not specified on February 14. but the others chose another Commander. and others just nothing. A description of Juan Fernández in Basil Ringrose's holograph journal (Jan. pp. 4. And so they might do. (From John Exquemelin. Chap. they had lost all their money to their fellow Bucaniers . was spread with the same.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Basil Ringrose's journal description of Juan Fernández in the printed version. with great loss of men. including three surgeons. 1685]. Sloane 3820. (JP2 . Ringrose relates a story told to him by a Spanish pilot: that. ! The remaining forty-two men fought Image not available. Sharp was persuaded to reassume command. and learn intelligence of the posture of affairs at Arica.doc. They attempt Arica the second time. But the true occasion of their grudg was. 3:76) The new commander. Here they take several Prisoners. on January 27 Watling anchored the Trinity some forty miles south of Arica and set off in canoes. you know . for they were the greatest number by far.id=0. on January 12. Better the devil. .) ― 18 ― or golden Prizes. Those who were thrifty men sided with Captain Sharp .) Two days later. Watling held Divine Service. and other places. and made Prisoners. with thirty-one dead and nine taken prisoner. who lived alone for five years until he was picked up by a visiting ship. as it was said. [London. 1681). that Captain Sharp had got by these adventures. three Spanish men-of-war were sighted approaching the island. who had rightly informed them. and the buccaneers were soundly repulsed. and through Mountains of difficulties. in irons for committing unnatural acts and for alleged sedition.[6] sailing northeastward toward Arica once more. The day after he took command he put William Cook. maketh a bold Retreat unto the ship. by Dick to have been tending the wounded—perhaps all three! Since Captain Watling was among those killed. XVI The Bucaniers depart from the Isle of Juan Fernandez. into those Seas. Later that week. 82v. William. by name John Watling . and Captain Sharp presently chosen again. ff.

doc. where they get Provisions. and took what they could find. The most famous castaway on the island was Alexander Selkirk. Ringrose tells us. On March 12. On April 30. and mend the sailing of their ship. achieving complete surprise. and 200 bushels of corn. p. however. after a violent disagreement with his captain. But first it was essential to get water and provisions. as were fit to carry over Land with us. 1681. They sailed the same evening. now declared my self on the side of those that were Out-voted. From March 27 until April 16 they sailed without incident up the coast. who had never been pleased with his Management. who in 1705. After three days ashore. 5—a significant number of the crew being dissatisfied with Sharp as a leader. they fell in with the coast of Chile a few miles north of Coquimbo and landed sixty men at the town of Huasco (Guasco) (Wag. having passed Arica of bitter memory. a Creole (no relation to Edmund Cook. the inhabitants had driven away all the oxen and hidden their wine and plate.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 86). The next day they succeeded in capturing a small bark. 1681. making their way northwest-ward once again. they sailed again on March 15. (for that was our Resolution:) and so prepared for our Departure. 60 goats. They land again at Hilo to revenge the former affronts. sailing northward. which made them much less cramped. He had no clothes left . wine. The launch and two canoes. so course was set for the mainland. A draught of the said Port. was led by Capt. he died at the age of forty-five on board HMS Weymouth . and go home over land. the buccaneers decided that the time had come to abandon the project and return overland to the Caribbean (which. and according to our Agreement. Chap. all hands were called up and a council held.A Buccaneer's Atlas Bedding. With almost no hindrance from the locals. The party. molasses. Chap. Selkirk became a master's mate in the Royal Navy. consisting of forty-four white men. About this time. who also wrote an account.cdlib. . master of the privateer Cinque Ports . figs and other fruit. once more averaging about two and a half knots thanks to favorable winds. who all ran away. They learned later that the Spaniards had lost seventy dead and two hundred wounded (Wag.chunk. Ringrose fell ill.id=0. They take two Barks and some Prisoners there. where they take down their decks.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 120 sheep. the losing party to take the launch and two canoes. There they took water. Selkirk's story was the inspiration for Darnel Defoe's famous novel Robinson Crusoe (1719). pp. . left the Trinity on April 17. once more headed southwest into the Pacific. p. With winter approaching. mutiny broke out again—mutiny no. though I had hitherto kept my Mind to my self. but only a Skin about his waste" (JP4 . on February 1. ― 19 ― their way back to the boats and to the ship. three Indians. On April 17. the buccaneers embarked 500 jars of water. Captain Sharp 's Party carried it. They sail from hence unto the Port of Guasco. Forty seven of their Companions leave them. I. one-time captain of the Mayflower ). On March 3. A description of the Gulf of Nicoya. XVII A description of the Bay of Arica. He was taken off in 1709 by Woodes Rogers in the Duke and the Duchess . 214-16). XVIII They depart from the Port of Hilo. Thomas Stradling. After the Arica fiasco Sharp. (JP4. Several other remarques belonging to this Voyage. and sugar. but alas. provisioned and provided with sails. Dampier being present at his rescue. just north of the Isle of Plate and almost on the equator. whence they had http://publishing. the three craft (one canoe was lost on the way) reached the Gulf of San Miguel. and five Negro slaves. in the event. John Cook. they landed once again at the village of Ilo (Hilo) (Wag. the winning party to keep the ship and continue the voyage. IV ) Among those who elected to leave besides William Dampier (later to be author of A New Voyage Round the World [JP4 ] and other books) was the surgeon Lionel Wafer. they did not do). asked to be put ashore. after a passage of more than six hundred miles. William Dampier describes the outcome: Accordingly we put it to the Vote. 230). Image not available. After much argument. we took Shares of such Necessaries. 212). unto the Gulf of Nicoya. making northward before the prevailing wind at an average speed of about two and a half knots. it was decided that the matter should be put to a vote. On March 27. and upon dividing.

But that. and Basil Ringrose. The decision was taken that they should head for Golfo Dulce—the "Sweet Gulf"—and careen there. Chap. 3:78). After a fifteen-day crossing of the mouth of the Gulf of Panama. they started cutting down the quarterdeck so that she should be flush-decked. James Marquis (Ringrose calls him Cannis Marcy. Having had no success with raids ashore. Ringrose sailed in the captured bark—a better sailer. a Dutchman who had sailed in Spanish ships. ― 21 ― suitable place for careening. The Trinity and the bark captured at Nicoya entered the Gulf on June 6 and two days later found a Image not available. and then sail to the coast of South America near the equator and cruise thereabouts looking for plunder. p.chunk. who had been left behind in the care of the Indians—reached the Caribbean twenty-three days and 110 miles later. Ringrose describes Golfo Dulce. Although the buccaneers were concerned that he would tell the Spaniards what he knew of their plans. unto Golfo Dulce. we should attain the ends of our desires. leaving behind £500 worth of booty. by a stratagem contrived in the name of the English. which included John Cox. is another story. It was just under a year since the Trinity had been careened. 104). sailing southeast. and Guayaquil to Panama. Also at Nicoya. yet we hoped that at last. with Dampier's subsequent adventures. While on passage. the anonymous narrative calls him Copus). they set sail for South America on June 28. Abandoning their vessels and landing on May 1. but our hearts as yet were good. to shorten her masts. On May 28. "being a good Scholar. They also set free "the old pilot"— presumably Moreno (JP3 . so Sharp decided to make northwestward for Central America once again. the pirates' interpreter. and full of ingeniosity. who were willing to help complete the alterations to the Trinity —to make her a flush-decked vessel. and to re-rig her. they weighed and tacked out of the Gulf of Nicoya with one captured bark in company. according to http://publishing. they gave them one of the captured barks.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Callao. The Spaniards force the Indians of Darien unto a Peace. where they careen their Vessel. they made a landfall on April 25 off Costa Rica at the island of Cano. Careening completed.cdlib. Chap. William Dick. losing him as an interpreter did not matter.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . To return to the Trinity . Sharp called the ship's company together to discuss plans. 110). had also good skill in Languages" (JP2 . where they anchored on May 7 (Wag. but here are Indians who were very friendly with us and came abourde with there wives and Children" (Wag. they decided that the best strategy would be to lay in wait for Spanish coastal shipping on the trade route from Valdivia. and though we had met with many disappointments in several places. besides Plate and other Goods. Captain Sharp and his party. to enrich our selves" (JP2 . Also a description of Golfo Dulce.A Buccaneer's Atlas ― 20 ― set off for Panama almost exactly a year before. More important. were now down to sixty-five men. to go and cruise under the Æquinoctial. which was. because Ringrose. they captured a Spanish shipwright with his men. and Ringrose was able to take the bark round the gulf to do a running survey. They take also a Pacquet-boat bound from Panama to Lima. There they made several raids on villages in the vicinity. Despite an alarming experience with a "great and fierce tornado.doc. XX They depart from Golfo Dulce. 146). An account of their sailings along the Coast. said Dick. p. for the Sea coast here is clear of that vermin. Image not available.id=0. and since much of that year had been spent in tropical waters. in order to improve the Trinity 's sailing qualities. the main party— without the injured Wafer. 1681. close to an Indian settlement where they built themselves a house to live in during the refit. her bottom was very foul. by some means or other." as "a better place by far then that of Nicoya and secure from all winds. Here they take a rich Spanish vessel with 37000 Pieces of Eight. 3:79). before they left the gulf. The weather was deteriorating. An account of their Sailings and the Coasts along. XIX They depart from the Gulf of Nicoya. They then moved up the coast to the Gulf of Nicoya. which Sharp renamed "King Charles his harbour. Arica." careening was successfully completed. became friendly with an Indian girl and deserted. yea and from Spaniards also. capturing a bark and getting news of the Spanish reactions to their raid on Panama a year earlier. the ship watered and provisioned. So pleased were the buccaneers with their services that. William Dick summed up the situation: "Now our Company and Forces were extremely weakned.

Wee kild there Capt: and a Seaman & wounded the Boateswane so they calld quarter: soe our Capt: and 12 of us entered her. Rivers. They arrive at the Isle of Plate. not recognized as such) ― 22 ― mentioned by Dick. serveth them for an entire and compleat Wagenaer .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . out of the whole number of almost seven hundred. The first was referred to only by Sharp and Ringrose: "In this Vessel we took also a Prize of the Lady call'd Donna Joanna Constanta . in that scarcity of men we were under. and sold it there for seventy five pound sterling. we gave the remaining part of it. Capes. It should seem this Plate was not yet thorowly refined and fitted for to coyn. "The Master was very glad we gave him his ship again and the most part of his lading—that he swore that we were the honestest ladrones that ever he saw in his days" (J14 . but we took them to be some other Metal. who were for having them rummaged. They took her inshore and anchored.doc. it seemeth. and the Copy of the Translation. The ship's name was El Santo Rosario ("The Holy Rosary"). spending a leisurely few days "rummaging" their prize. Wee found 40 men onboarde" (J4 . 88). especially Tin: and under this mistake they were slighted by us all. and for its novelty and curiosity. cruising in the same area. One only Pig of Plate. XXI They take another Spanish ship richly laden under the Æquinoctial.cdlib. and the unknown narrator but not by Sharp or Ringrose. was captured—the same ship that fourteen months earlier had yielded so much money when taken in Panama Bay. but our way being to come Board and Board [close alongside. who by no perswasions used by some few. 156). when we arrived at Antego . where they are in danger of being all Massacred by their Slaves and Prisoners. On the 27th. but Ringrose reported that she also carried 37. we took into our Ship. They make several Dividends of their booty among themselves. lest other Nations should get into those Seas and make use thereof. we turned her away loose unto the Sea: being very glad we had got such good Belly-timber out of her.250. "than the man of war. 96). following immediately from the last quotation: In this ship the Rosario we took also a great Book full of Sea-Charts and Maps. It is interesting that three minor events of this incident are mentioned in only some of the accounts. and this was the occasion that deceived us all. turning south just within sight of land and waiting near Cape San Francisco. our Seamen pleased. I have seen at Wapping . Sharp's journal starts the story: "29th Fryday. unto a Bristol man. the Printing thereof is severely prohibited. but withal. Dick tells us the circumstances. Wife to Don John. The dividend shared out a few days later amounted to 234 pieces of eight per man (with a far larger share for the captains and the officers). which was yet about one third thereof. who knew presently what it was. the greatest part of it was melted or squandred away. per judgement 4 miles. She boare NW. Cox.000 pieces of eight (£9. Eventually they cut down the mainmast by the board. Creeks. besides the lading above-mentioned we found also almost 700 Pigs of Plate. they took another small prize. and never to fire a Shot at randome. 63). by his Majesties Order. a substantial sum in the 1680s) and some wine and plate. and Seamen. Afterwards. a barco d'aviso . with the ships touching]. On July 29. with design to plunder the said place. (JP2 . we warmed their Decks so that they soon struck. There capts name was Don Diego Lopez. 3:80) The third event is that which gave rise to this book—the capturing of the Spanish charts and sailing directions. for so we called the Trinity vessel. The http://publishing. (though he dissembled with us) brought it for England. made by a Jew. This Book. 1681. the best account was Dick's: In this Ship. and Coasts belonging to the South Sea. thinking to make Bullets of it: and to this effect. 106v). In the morning about 7 of the clock we espied a sayle in the offing. This time her main cargo was coconuts.chunk. or what else. On the 8th. Wee gave chase and came up with her" (J6 . through our own ignorance and laziness. which however yielded no worthwhile loot and was set adrift with her crew. and not knowing what to do with the bottom. Soundings. The two vessels made a landfall on July 5 in latitude 2° north. Ringrose amplifies the story: "They fired 3 or 4 guns first at us but wee answered them with a continuall volley soe that they ran down into the hole [sic ]. f. their patience was rewarded: a comparatively large ship. or packetboat. especially the Captain. was presented unto his Majesty after our return into England .A Buccaneer's Atlas Ringrose. and she was bound for Panama from Callao. gave them her mainsail and victuals and drink enough. when we came up close with her.id=0. in those Parts. Their departure from thence for the Port and Bay of Paita. probably the most important incident in the whole voyage occurred—an incident that was to lead directly to the publishing of this book. Chap. and thinking little what quantity of rich Metal we left behind. could not be induced to take them into our Ship.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. the San Pedro . as he confessed himself afterwards to some of our men. Thus we parted with the richest Booty we had gotten in the whole Voyage. containing a very accurate and exact description of all the Ports. and sent her away "right afore the wind" for Panama. Thus we left them on board the Rosario . It hath been since translated into English. Cox's printed version continues: "the Spaniard began to fire some small Arms at us. and called for Quarter" (JP1 . I saw the finest woman I have seen in the South Sea. about 18 Years of age. and all the Navigations usually performed by the Spaniards in that Ocean. as I hear. notwithstanding she was newly cleansed and tallowed" (JP3 . as we did most of the other things. and the beautifullest Creature that my Eyes beheld in the South Seas" (JP6 . which is wished may be reserved only for England against its due time. The second concerns a prize of silver (unhappily. 52).

Had the Captain himself been alive at that time. There they "rummaged" her. the quartermaster. Ringrose survived. They stayed at anchor under Cape Pasado for four days. Description of the Bay and Port of Paita. The ship was call'd the Rosario. No early manuscript version of the various journals mentioned the capture of the documents. They bear away for the Straight of Magallanes.[7] where the entry for July 29. While at the island. by reason he reported himself to be the best Pilot of those Seas" (JP3 . this his Story would have deserved more belief. p. the Spaniards were going to cast this Book over-board. at least they ought to have done it for the reasons that are obvious to every mans understanding and are hinted at before. Chap. On the 12th they anchored off the Isle of [7] The Admiralty copy of Sharp's journal (J11/A5) was prepared by William Hack (he signed two of the sketches) and incorporated into a single volume together with a copy of the "Waggoner Appendix" (part of the captured "great Book" from the Rosario ) and a copy of Ambrose Cowley's journal of that voyage ended in October 1686— hence the dating of after 1686. It had been generally agreed that the time had come to make tracks for home. fruit. For some unspecified reason. and.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . [Cape Horn]. but ignoring the pigs of "tin. in the earliest published account of the voyage in i684 (JP2 ). but the only account ever printed was that of Dick. the buccaneers took their prize inshore and anchored her under Cape Pasado (Pasao). James Chappel. Later there was another mutiny. harbours.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. with a stop on the way in Paita. of 17°. http://publishing. Otherwise. Simón Calderón. and the crew meanwhile got very merry sampling the wine and brandy taken from the Rosario . On approaching the harbor. Her name was Dona Jowna Constanta a very comely creature. oil. roads. An account of their Sailings towards the Streight aforementioned. making what progress they could southward against contrary winds. Image not available. the buccaneers arrived off Paita and sent two canoes toward the town (Wag.A Buccaneer's Atlas Seaman. just 23 minutes south of the equator. which was quickly and brutally suppressed by Sharp. as knowing in what confusion they all were. they sailed on the 16th. and some ready money. the buccaneers shared out the ready money taken in the Rosario —amounting to ninety-four pieces of eight per man—at sea. however. on July 31. they were fired upon. Her husbands name was Don Juan & a . (farwell South Sea now) allso I took in this a nother jewell vizt a young Lady about 18 years of age. told us. during which time they stripped and then scuttled the bark they had captured at Nicoya. so the canoes returned to the Trinity . who was a Biscainer . going ashore for goat meat. The Spaniards cried when I gott the book. howsoever. It describes all the ports. as not daring to land. sands.. etc. the capture of the documents is mentioned only in the very last known copy of Sharp's journal (J13 The next day. Whether there was any official attempt to suppress the fact that they had been captured we do not know. this time by the slaves. which notwithstanding we scarce did give entire credit unto. Weighing anchor on August 2 and standing south-southeast.id=0. to provide themselves with necessaries. XXII They arrive at Paita. 163). and Colan. seeing all the Country alarmed before them. yet. 162). 1681 (J11 ). ― 23 ― Plate once again. on board the Rosario . but that he prevented them. 1681.doc.cdlib. and a 15-year-old. where they are disappointed of their expectations.chunk." They then cut down the Rosario 's masts. set her adrift with all the prisoners—including the comely Donna Joanna—except "Francisco . but in any case. if the Spaniards did not attempt to throw this Book into the Sea. 3:81-82) These documents were extremely valuable in terms of military intelligence. obviously the element of surprise had been lost. the term boot-topping is still used for the equivalent operation today). fought a duel with Ringrose. the Trinity was given "a pair of boots and tops" (the hull was painted near the waterline—"between wind and water"—with tallow. and the final decision was taken to head for home with no further aggressive endeavors.15' N°[Acapulco] and 57° S° Latt. and the first manuscript reference outside State Papers occurred in the version of Sharp's journal prepared for the Admiralty after 1686. some 150 miles south of Guayaquil. who became Sharp's servant. who at first laid hold on it. removing jars of wine and brandy—the number varying between 400 and 650 according to the account—together with much plate. rocks & riseing of the land & instructions how to work a ship into any port or harbour between the Latt. They were goeing to throw it over board but by good luck I saved it. (JP2 . leaving only the foremast standing. who neglects to give us the result. ). states: In this prize I took a Spanish manuscript of prodigious vallue. With throbbing heads. bayes. On August 28.

not without great dangers of being lost. they had the occasional penguin and goose but mostly had to be contented with mussels. Oct. So ran one account of the dramatic happenings on the morning of October 12. who correctly suggested that where they were lying was not one large island as shown on contemporary charts but rather an archipelago of smaller islands. Sharp changed the name from English Gulf to Fortunate Harbour. however. bringing fog with it. Twas very colde heare. & when twas day we describd a place between 2 keys which wee concluded to beare up to see if wee could finde any good anchoring and saife rideing till twas a little later in the year. wherein they lie. XXIII The Bucaniers arrive at a place incognito. "And about 3 a clock in the morning the watch saw breakers very near us and under our lee. of coarses & our mizen. and of the Gulf. and went under a pair. 1681. the everincreasing northwest winds drove them at a great rate—greater than they estimated.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Puerto Morales would seem to fit the description given by Ringrose. Wee wear gott now up to So. 183). anchoring in the first instance in forty fathoms of water within a stone's throw of the shore. the parting of even the largest cables.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .id=0. They entered an inlet. 252). unto which they give the name of the Duke of Yorks Islands .doc. Chap. the weather began to mend—it got hot and the snow began to melt. the need to shift berth again and again. so far as it was searched. As for food. at anchor. They sailed on that course for about a month. south" (J11 . altering to a southeasterly course toward the entrance of the Strait of Magellan about September 27. never Navigated before. 178). Wee heav'd out our topp sailes. An account of some other things remarkable that hapned there. Until late October the weather was appalling. Despite its title. It being little light. p. 18. reeved & made a shift to weather all the breakers. sometimes while attached to the shore. which had always attended us in this Voyage.A Buccaneer's Atlas Sharp therefore set a southwesterly course out into the Pacific to take advantage of the Southeast Trade Winds. as we shall see. 1681). They remain there many days by stress of weather. 65). A description of the said Islands. at that time very much tormented with the Gripes" (JP3 . or Lagoon. lattde. and cockles—which is presumably why Ringrose had to record this in his journal for October 30: "I myself could not go [on an expedition to the other side of the island]. Image not available. The calmer weather allowed the buccaneers to unship and repair the rudder. On October 15 the rudder touched ground and the goose-neck fitting was broken—a disaster indeed. In later versions of his waggoner. They were all very glad of the wine and brandy taken from the Rosario . the chart of the gulf shown here describes only the vicinity of their last anchorage within English Gulf. having abandoned the idea of wintering there as so little food was to be had.chunk. http://publishing. which we most needed on this occasion. From then on. whence they sailed on November 5. the Hills cover'd with Snow" (J14 . and our fore-yard. XXIV They depart from the English Gulf in quest of the Straight of Magallanes which they cannot find. On October 28. sometimes when just ― 24 ― Image not available. before day wee saw the land plaine. "It was the great mercy of God. that saved us from perishing at this time. Chap. The land they had so abruptly discovered was named by Sharp "His Royal Highness the Duke of York's Islands." and on today's charts the Isla Duque de York is shown at the latitude observed by Ringrose and others. being with two or three more. limpets. as I desired. Although they met a few natives. much raine. They return home by an unknown way.cdlib. It blew [so] hard that a night before we had handed our topp sailes. most had fled. which they named English Gulf (Wag. for we were close ashoar before we saw it. and various journals describe the continual dragging and losing of anchors. which prevail as far as 30° south latitude. Said Sharp: "and we observed by our astrolobes on shore & found ourselves to be in Lat. was taken down" (JP3 .

and disperce for several Countrys. brought on board as a piglet at Nicoya in May and now weighing ninety pounds.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.chunk. Sharpe had certanly been kill'd [and] it had likt to have been a bad business. cautiously approaching what they thought should be the Pacific entrance to the Strait of Magellan. The next morning wee found the shott placed in one of the Dead Eyes in the maine shroudes which was but jus behinde him. whose crew refused an invitation to come on board.doc. Chap. lacking as it did fresh fruit and vegetables. but it pleased god it mist his head and grased on his neck. he gave orders that the wine was to be shared out then and there—three jars per mess. about November 21. some men gott merry Especially the capt. The Author of this Journal arriveth in England. feeling he would be safer if stocks of wine were reduced. While going around Cape Horn. and some of the company. Thus we stood away from thence for the Island of http://publishing. for hearing of a Frigat lying there. They also proved that south of South America there was no such continent as Terra Australis incognita . Dick stated this in print: "Neither could we make any Land. (J14 . They give away their Ship to some of their Companions that were poor. their was one dead. Sharp and his men thus became the first Englishmen to double Cape Horn eastward. in so much that they fell to blowes. as to put in there at Barbado's. where they were met by the pinnace of the frigate Richmond . an hour before daybreak on January 28. but the captain runns into his cabban and fetches out [a] Pistoll loden. two and a half leagues (about ten miles)—a remarkable landfall considering it was the first land to be sighted since they had left Patagonia nearly three months and some nine thousand nautical miles before. [at] which [the] cabban mess ran and fetched their armes forthwith. 1682. worsening weather drove them further and further south. but came round about such a way. The ship's company had a merry Christmas dinner. calms. they reached the latitude of Barbados. They made for Spikes Roads in the northeast part of the island.[9] Ten days later. all was husht upp. By Christmas Day they were in hot weather in the latitude of Rio de Janeiro. Altogether a wonderful feat of navigation! Also remarkable is that none of the journalists mention any of the crew suffering from scurvy—which one would have expected after forty days on the usual seagoing diet of that time. So the Trinity sailed northeast into mid-Atlantic. except hard Weather. 13°10' north. together with a Spanish dog bought from the quartermaster for 40 pieces of eight. 3:82-83)—although this statement did not stop lames Cook being sent to search for the southern continent ninety years later. we feared least the said Frigat should seize us for Privateers. thought he had kil'd the man [and] cried out Armes. altered northeast into the Atlantic. then. 68) On December 5 they decided to share out the eight chests of money remaining undistributed. till they arrive at the Caribby Islands in the West Indies. This food was washed down with several barrels of wine. On January 18. each man getting 322 pieces of eight (about £80). which [if they] had not been soberer then others and [had] more discretion in them. was killed.cdlib. On December 7 Sharp became aware of a plot to kill him on Christmas Day.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . yet nothing remarkable did we see or meet withal. which caused some words to arise betweene the capt. an incident occurred that was recorded by the unknown journal-keeper in the crew: One night as wee weare getting about the Land. However. and. and here and there some floats of Ice. Apparently Sharp's precautions succeeded. "Neither dared we be so bold. and those that weir awake was fetching theirs likewise. as peradventure never any Mortals came before us. of two or three [8] The farthest south by observation on November 17 was reported as follows: Ringrose 58°23' S Sharp 58°15' S Cox 58°10' S Cape Horn is in 56° S. and his mess. by November 16 and 17 they had sighted whales and icebergs. and comeing to one of our Peepple by name Richard Hendricks fired itt off as he thought att his head. and fog. XXV The Bucaniers continue their Navigation. eating their first meat since leaving Duke of York's Island: a pig. The Capt. without seeing any Land.[8] Experiencing by turns gales. especially findeing the man not so much hurt as wee did suppose and was cured in a weeks time. and there were no mutinous troubles for him.A Buccaneer's Atlas Heading first southwest away from land. by now very short of water. But when things came to an understanding. they drove eastward. Isla Diego Ramírez in 56°30' S. probably at a distance of some 150 miles—not even Drake had been so far south. Barbados was sighted bearing south-southwest. and turned west with the Trade Wind on the starboard quarter to "run down the latitude" to Barbados. and for having acted in all our voyage without Commission. and he would kill more. ― 25 ― Leagues long " (JP2 . they altered southeasterly after three days.id=0. by Ringrose's observation in latitude 58°23' south.

Sharp therefore used the standard technique of "running down the latitude"—aiming for a point well to the east of the destination until its latitude is reached. and to demand the pyrate as a common Enemy. 12.doc. they had to beach her on a soft bottom. with twenty-five ships destroyed and probably more than two hundred Spaniards killed (Artíñano de Galdácano 1917. there was at that time no practicable method for determining longitude. my journal being detained at St. 121-22). HMS Francis . which was to be expected. then turning west toward the island.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Charles Carlisle. While on passage north. with seven men who had lost all their money at play being given the Trinity . before the attack on Porto Bello. quoted in Gerhard 1960. between the Leeward Islands and Puerto Rico. but Carlisle's manuscript report of proceedings reveals that the latter ship was none other than the http://publishing. What happened is described in the Epilogue. Now. but receiving no satisfactory answer. Thomas's and lost. But the truth of the thing was. and trying to track exactly west (true) by maintaining the same latitude. They got her off. checked by observation as frequently as possible. ― 26 ― So ended a remarkable voyage. the Trinity had ended her voyage—but not her usefulness. being as near as I can remember. 153). remarkable not only for the navigational feats achieved but also for the damage done to Spanish interests by so very few men—even if they were pirates. in 1679. she blew up. This we had purchased at a cheap rate. the English buccaneer ships met a French privateer man-of-war. The unknown journalist concludes his account thus: "The good ship Trinity which was built in the South Sea ended her voyage. being a true account of our voyage. What wicked forgery! The commission that had been thus "contrived" had originally been issued by the French governor of Petit Goâve (Petit Guaves). we had contrived to make it last for three years. the Trinity arrived off Antigua (some later accounts say Nevis). They also had a final share-out of plunder.id=0. whereas among our selves. welcomed the buccaneers and sent out extra hands to bring the Trinity to a berth under the castle. for with this we were resolved to seek our Fortunes" (JP2 . Thomas. on August 10. lighting on another Ship likewise in the Road (that used to be helpful to them in Careening) [and] burnt her also" (JP1 . the cable parted and she drove ashore. Thomas in the Virgin Islands. in February 1682. whose commission was only for three months. but also by the castle. having only given for it the sum of Ten Ducats . So says a printed account. Nicholas Esmit. The results of using this technique are well illustrated in Fig. "who had taken seventeen Ships of all Nations. one piece of Timber of her. Thomas's governor. the men prudently decided to put in to a nearby island. nearly three years later. A little over a year later. [9] Though finding latitude at sea was comparatively easy. not only by La Trompeuse . And these being what I can think on at present. "We shewed him our Commission. for although the Danish West India Company had taken possession of the island eleven years earlier. The Spaniards themselves estimated the total damage done to shipping and ports at more than 4 million pesos. entered the harbor of St. or Pieces of Eight. though they were able to get provisions. . . for she became a sort of depôt ship for buccaneers who came to St. commanded by the notorious French pirate Jean Hamlin. which made Carlisle most indignant. and when the Pyrates Ship was burnt down to the Powder. St. The Francis was fired on.chunk.cdlib. 1683 (by which time the retired pirate Adolf Esmit had ousted his brother and become governor himself). and through the blessing of God brought us among our countrymen again. however. 121). refused them permission to land. The ship proved to be very leaky. Thus. where the governor. in 1671. that at first our Commission was made only for the space of three months. Colonel Codrington. he immediately prepared Fireworks. which was now for three years to come. though. was their choice. of which eleven [were] English . 71). and set the Pyrates Ship on fire. a bay in French Hispaniola some thirty miles west of Port-au-Prince. . Adolf Esmit. 210). Thomas to careen and refit their ships. the crew gave Captain Sharp a mulatto boy "to wait upon him" to thank him for all he had done. with the Northeast Trades on the starboard quarter.A Buccaneer's Atlas Antego " (JP3 . The next day. brother of a retired pirate. which was all on fire. upon the coast of Guinea . There he found at anchor the pirate ship La Trompeuse . and most barbarously and inhumanely treated the men belonging to them" (JP1 . most of the island's population was English. It was thereupon decided that every man should shift for himself.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . but because they could not afford to hire Negroes to pump her. p. the seven men who had gambled away their money decided that the safest place to make for in the Trinity was Petit Goâve. and that Night fitted out his Boats. The Fire took good effect. The Lord be praised for all his mercies to us" (J14 . 3:63). St. and as there were only seven to man her. On January 30. To find the island of Barbados. however. Epilogue The End of the Trinity William Dick tells the story of how. the same date as the French Mans was. commanded by Capt. He therefore "sent on shoar to know the reason.

p. We must now leave St. Sir Thomas Lynch. None of these depositions or statements add much to what we know already. and from "William Williams of Shadwell in the county of Middlesex.chunk. nor do they mention the captured charts. Chile.S. now lieutenant-governor of Jamaica (to be superseded within two months). will Deliver them to you. On May 9. the earl of Conway." a near relation of Sharp's. for about sixteen years and that he robbed all nations. GOS/7). ff. HCA 1/51. On May 25.cdlib. HCA 1/51. 185-89). that Sharp was lodging at the Anchor. that he came home to sue out his Pardon. mariner aged 30 years" (presumably the "Scott" of the warrant. VIII 15. nor do we know why he gave them to Secretary Jenkins. Sir Henry Morgan. which he had no great hopes to obtain. and burnt her with her masts and yards standing. and Ringrose and thirteen more. including one "Scott. Charles Howard) from Nevis. wrote to Secretary Jenkins telling him that the king understood that the Spanish ambassador had delivered to Jenkins books taken from Sharp containing "a Description of the South Sea and Spanish Sea Ports in cartes" and that the king wished Jenkins to bring those books to Windsor next month "with all the Privacy you can. had sought out three others.id=0. that he would returne again to the West Indyes. 1682. Sharp in the South Sea. said to have been the treasure ship Morgan failed to capture in 1671. gave a deposition saying that he had been captured from the Rosario and had become Sharp's servant. however. whence they had started out over two years before. mentioning a "Gilbert Dick" (PRO. particularly the king of Spain. and about six others. that he. which are at present imperfect.A Buccaneer's Atlas Trinity: "a great privateer which the pirate ships cleaned by. relation to Sharp and author of the journal published by Ayres). 40). and that about ten of Sharp's men. f. 37. London (W2/A1 . 1682. boasted that he had been an "outlyer. On May 18. she burnt down to the water" (NMM MS. 170). Robert Porteen) from Antigua. In it Camp said that the landlord of the Anchor on Salpeter Bank had told him.doc. As soon as news of their arrival reached London. That perfecting resulted in the translation made by Philip Dassigny and William Hack dated October 23. They were committed to Marshalsea Prison in Southwark. How the Spanish ambassador got hold of the books from Sharp we do not know. the new governor. and now in the King's Maritime Collection in the British Library. demanded that they be found and brought to trial—for piracy and the murder of Don Diego López. in the White Fox (Capt. 157." whose account was published in the 1684 edition of Bucaniers of America ) (PRO. mariner aged 38 years or thereabouts" (presumably the "Gilbert Dick" of the warrant and in Calderón's testimony. in the presence of three witnesses. Don Pedro Ronquillo. born in the parish of Stepney in the county of Middlesex. made a written statement which was counter-signed by the secretary of state himself. formerly commanded by Capt. So perished the Santísima Trinidad . 18384). The Trial of Piracy In the meantime. though it must have been connected with the trial. living with his father in East Smithfield (PRO. and that "he had lived a wicked Course of Life abroad & thought that he should never dye a Naturall Death. mariner aged about 32 years". The local vice-admiralty court had found all four guilty. in the Lisbon Merchant (Capt. Gilbert Dick. see pp. deputy marshal). On June 7. 419. he gave his version of the events surrounding the capture of the Rosario and subsequent happenings. and Scott on a charge of suspected murder of the master of the Rosario and piracy on the said ship. secretary of state. captain of the Rosario .D. Thomas Camp of Stepney. SP Dom/29. landed at Plymouth (one report says Portsmouth) on March 25. parish sidesman (roughly equivalent to a U. On March 8. K. no. was ordered to execute the villain and to keep the other three in prison (PRO. and his Majesty having received copies of those drafts. were in town. though we shall return." The landlord also told Camp that Sharp had several thousands of pounds and several portmanteaux of jewels and of gold and silver. coming to England with Sharp in the White Fox. formerly living in Jamaica. one of whom was a bloody and notorious villain. the Spanish ambassador.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Sharp. some of the others had arrived in En-gland—Sharp. ff. Dick. had surrendered and turned King's Evidence—could he have been our anonymous journalist?—while he. no. an admiralty court warrant was issued for the arrest of Bartholomew Sharp. and the next day statements were taken from "Bartholomew Sharpe lodging in Captain Peadeler near the Tower. CO1 49. HCA 1/51. Conway at Windsor wrote a letter to Jenkins at Whitehall giving hints of much intrigue behind the Spanish ambassador's back: http://publishing. but he sought guidance as to how to proceed. Simón Calderón. Thomas for the time being. 1682. 1682. 181-82). and the "W. arrived at Dartmouth on March 26. ff. from "John Cox of Lower Shadwell in the county of Middlesex. reported to Sir Leoline Jenkins.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 263-64). CO1 48. & if he did not. or Words to that effect. Edward Povey. What happened to the seven buccaneers who were left there in February 1682 we do not know. that four of Sharp's crew had reached ― 27 ― Jamaica. with the Court at Windsor. but the English buccaneers did succeed in taking her in 1680 off the east coast of Panama. about sixteen years old and of Santiago. On July 29. and she served them well. all that was left of the crew. bringing them safely to Antigua. to get them perfected by that original with the secrecy that may be" (PRO. but it is quite possible that they eventually made their way back to Jamaica. one of whom.Mar." or pirate. Cox. The same day. coined and uncoined. dedicated to the king by Sharp himself. Morgan.

Sir Henry Goodrick. his Majesty commanded me late this night. specially where the observance and execution of Treaties is concerned. also Charles (Carlos) II—said that he was "surprised at this Procedure and that laying the blame on the Judges can never be a satisfaction where the damage is so great as to deserve an interposition of the King of Great Britain's power and authority. the counts of the indictments at the trial. Goodrick was expelled from the Court at Madrid on a seemingly trumped-up charge. advocate general. SP Dom/29. One chief Article against us. and these give the best possible formal account of the trial. Don Pedro Ronquillo. (JP2 . 3:83-84) Neither Sharp nor Cox mentioned the trial in their published accounts. Westminster. When you come here. of the nearby City of London parish of St. as I have hinted at above. a captain. 419. if it would cultivate a good correspondence between the Crowns—and he would have hoped that the English king would do the same on his part (PRO. the thing [?] may be represented to that Court I doubt not but you'll vindicate the public justice of the Nation from any aspersions. who turn'd Cat in the Pan. there being but two Boys (born in West India) & two negroes (whose testimony were not unanimously admitted by the Judges) that evidenced against them: I need not tell you how uncontrollable the Verdict of Juries are with us. The grand jury found that there was "true bill"—a case to answer—but the petty jury acquitted. were it not for two or three villains of our own Company. the king's attempts to delay the proceedings failed: the High Court of Admiralty assembled in the New Hall. at St. from the English point of view: William Dick—one of those accused.id=0. however. (PRO. The Spanish ambassador in London. Basil Ringrose (1653?-1686) On January 28." His Most Christian Majesty in Madrid—by coincidence. the year King Charles I was beheaded. A month later. and three senior lawyers. Martin's on November 1. [10] At that time court proceedings were recorded in Latin. three other admirals. 1682) The last word seems to have come from the Spanish secretary of state in Madrid in a formal letter to the English ambassador expressing amazement at the English legal system.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . SP 94/104. Sir Leoline Jenkins. to write to you again to put off the trial till Wednesday or Thursday next. of course. that had profited more by the Voyage than they had done. SP 94/67. English juries do not give reasons for their verdicts. the Spanish king. his Majesty will acquaint you with the reason of it.chunk. was the taking of the Rosario . no. according to the Rules and Method of their proceeding. Sharp and others. In the parish rate book for 1653-54. Exactly what influence the king was able to bring to bear on the case—if any—we do not know. June 19. And what an imposing court it was: Sir Thomas Exton. Martinin-the-Fields.A Buccaneer's Atlas Upon some discourse between his Majesty and the Duke of Albemarle about the pirates in the South Sea. 80) ― 28 ― What a tantalizing last sentence! One can only speculate that the king was doing his best to see that Sharp was not hanged before he had supervised the preparation of that immensely important South Sea Waggoner in English. Richard Ringrose is [10] These were the members of the court: http://publishing. which are to be tried next Saturday. Despite the Treaty of Mad rid. and thus it was judged that we ought to defend our selves. had personally protested about the acquittal to King Charles II in London. in the certain knowledge that the verdicts would find no favor in Spain: At a late Session of the Admiralty were tried three Englishmen for piracy & murder committed in the Spanish West Indies. In the event. 147). and killing the Captain thereof. and the verdicts are reproduced in Appendix B. We have very grievous complaints of hard and indeed inhuman usages that great numbers of our people suffer that are in the power of the Spaniards in the West Indies. on Saturday. Besides. 1653. an infant son of Richard and Mary Ringrose was christened Basill at the church of St. but the Petty Jury acquitted them for want of sufficient proof. writing to the English ambassador in Madrid." He. (PRO. although both are. it appears that no reply was sent. 1682. however. translations of the indictments. county of Surrey. both admirals.doc. Two accounts survive that help to give some background. 1649. Dunstan-inthe-West. and had a spleen against Capt. and another man: But it was proved the Spaniards fired at us first. June 10. they wanting Witnesses to prove what they intended: Neither had they had any at all against us. in the borough of Southwark. 188. The Grand Jury found the Bill against them. The second account is by no less a person than the secretary of state. but so that it may give no umbrage or jealousy to the Spanish Ambassador. among which were two Negro's . Richard had married Mary Blithe. as if it were done by his Majesty's knowledge and direction of the Court.cdlib. sitting with two commissioners of the Navy Board. under the name of William Williams—said that he and his companions were acquitted by the petty jury after a fair trial. who had replied that "he did not meddle with matters relating to Law.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. would have disregarded such a decision even if it were against the laws of his own realm.

Charterhouse. his rates were assessed as 6s 6d . Certainly the date is right—he would have been twenty-seven when he joined the buccaneers. when he was 5s in arrears. Nor was anyone of that name recorded as being a graduate of any English or Scottish university of the period. Westminster. when Basill would have been nearly twelve. in 1657-58 the Ringrose house was inhabited by Mr. One secondary source says that he was a runaway apprentice.doc. Paul's. perhaps his feelings are not quite so unreasonable. Sir Richard Raines Sir James Butler Sir John Berry Advocate General Admiral Admiral Admiral. born August 31. but presumably they stayed in Westminster.A Buccaneer's Atlas Sir Thomas Exton LL. Westminster. Raymond. he drew some very creditable sea charts. in his journal he likens the huts of the Darien Indians to those in Jamaica. Here is an example: There is another village at the bottome of the bay called Chuluteca. which was obviously of superior quality? We know that by 1680 he had some French and Latin. not above 2 Spaniards amongst them. when looked at through seventeenth-century English eyes. 32). he had been in that island sometime before the departure of the Sharp expedition.D. Sir Robert Holmes Sir James Smith Sir John Narbrough Sir Richard Haddock Sir John Wetwang Stephen Brice. Russ (poore) and Mr. his knowledge of navigation and pilotage techniques was far superior to that of most mariners of his time—how many would even attempt to determine their longitude by observing a solar eclipse? And yet his name does not appear in the lists of pupils at the London schools of Westminster. In both journal and waggoner.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . it is highly likely. and a second Symon.) Poverty and the plague are bound to have had a great effect on Basill's life. But where did he get his education. and in the same year the endorsement "poore" appeared against Richard's name in the rate book. as one might expect. Navy Board Captain Advocate Advocate The Queen's Attorney Admiral ― 29 ― listed as living on the water (southern) side of High Street. Where the Ringroses went we do not know.D. Martin's. as Richard and Mary had two other sons christened in St. or Christ's Hospital (where the Royal Mathematical School was founded in 1673 especially for training navigators—a bit late for Ringrose. but no evidence is offered (Lloyd 1966. 1661. They http://publishing. Navy Board Admiral. in November 1664.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. LL. who would have been twenty).chunk. Comptroller. Ringrose exhibits what in today's terms might seem an unreasonable hatred of the Spaniards in America. well enough to act as the buccaneers' interpreter. was born on April 13. 1663. it hath aboute 30 houses. he learned Spanish with no difficulty.cdlib. (The Great Fire of 1666 did not reach the parish. Comptroller of Victualling. Martin's—Richard. particularly the latter. his English prose was of high quality. A second son. 1655. In 1656-57 he was 2s in arrears. Although he first enters our story at the general rendezvous of the fleet at Boca del Toro in the early part of 1680.id=0. St. Merchant Taylors'. close to where Charing Cross station is today. Although we cannot be certain that this Basill is our Basil. born January 14. indicating that. However.[11] The Great Plague of London started in the parish of St. Symon.

His waggoner sees its first publication with the present work. ." the cartographer William Hack. A2) We know that. under the command of Capt. (Wag. Ringrose arrived at Dartmouth on March 26. Martin's parish registers. whose work is discussed below.32. Basil Ringrose. while he endured the greatest fatigues and hardship abroad: at the same time making Quadrants at Sea. according to Dampier [12] —that a ship should be fitted out for trade along the western coasts of South America. As a trading voyage. at the same time ship-wrackt. Dampier continues: "Captain Swan began to repent that ever he took this voyage in hand and he did never http://publishing. or rather his Diary . were presumably produced during these seventeen months in England. not onely fought with his Sword in the most desperate Engagements and Battels of the Bucaniers against the Spaniards . both in the same hand (assumed to be Ringrose's own). as he telleth me. and W3 . Los Angeles. 165). Written by Mr. where he was cast away. A doctored version of Ringrose's journal. This Gentleman kept an exact and very curious Journal of all our Voyage. . Who was all along present at those Transactions" published by William Crooke in London in February 1685. otherwise called of San Miguel . During those same seventeen months. James Chappel. (JP3 . who all along the course of this Voy- [11] Westminster City Library. sig. even more exactly than the Spaniards themselves. Were it not for this Shift. some London merchants were persuaded—by Ringrose himself. BL Sloane 48)—doctored to praise Bartholomew Sharp—was used as the copy for the second volume of Bucaniers of America —"From the Original Journal of the said Voyage. and. with two men killed and Ringrose and one other being the only ones of the landing party to escape unhurt. as they manifest unto us the inquisitiveness of the Author.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Ringrose their Author. who will open the hearte of a more christian prince to deliver this people and drive away these Catterpillers from there superbous seats of Lazyness. but faile not to cheate them themselves of 3/4 of what they intrust them with. BL Sloane 3820. had also good skill in Languages. after the Trinity voyage. and sailed again for the South Sea in the Cygnet on October 1. that others sate idle and murmuring upon the Decks. with all his Drafts. Buckingham Palace Road. and starving upon a desart Island. dedicated by Hack to the duke of Albemarle (J5 . at the Isle of Plate in August 1681 (JP3 . 94) —which is not the usual material from which sailing directions are made. yet in what occasions we had. being taken from the preface to the printed edition of Ringrose's journal: we have given unto us here. including three supercargoes of whom Ringrose was one. neither now did we much want one. ― 30 ― age. rate books and St. as they are not undeserving of the highest praise and commendation of this ingenious Gentleman Mr. when he would have been in contact with Dick's "acquaintance in Wapping. The breakthrough—discovering where to look—occurred in the Mormon Genealogical Library. His Papers. and yet describing. Charles Swan. the subject of the present book). and almost naked. an exact account of many places in the South Sea. Gent. two quotations may do something to fill in the back-ground—the first is an unbiased opinion by William Dick describing the occasion of the Dutch interpreter James Marquis's desertion: After his departure we had no great use for an Interpreter. so shall the Curioso 's of Nature and Posterity it self be his eternal debtors for their acquaintance with these writings. 3:79) The second quotation is perhaps somewhat more biased. sixteen-gun Cygnet was chosen. (JP2 . 1683. took also all the observations we made. The 180-ton. Ringrose seems to have been almost universally liked by his shipmates although he does mention having a duel with the quartermaster (effectively second-in-command). it was a disaster. are now in the hands of a person of my acquaintance at Wapping in London . I say. so ought we highly to applaud his Curiosity and Genius . and being a good Scholar. we are most grateful for the assistance we found there. 1683. All which things. the lazy Spaniard could not grow soe rich.chunk. with thirty-six men.A Buccaneer's Atlas live by gathering of provision w ch they truck for necessarys when any ship comes to them but then the slye Spaniard will not suffer them to trade but trade for them under pretence that strangers mighte cheate them. NMM P. 92. but there Insupportable crueltyes to these poor natives I hope in due time will reach the allmightyes ear. from our first setting out to the very last day. Thus we find him totally employed towards our information and instruction at home.[13] She sailed from the Downs on October 1. the Gulf of Ballona . with a cargo worth £5. Ringrose . we made use of one Mr. the very Draughts and Maps . are very nigh being printed. by Mr.cdlib. 1682. and likewise an accurate description of all the Ports.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.id=0. SW1. but with his Pen gave us a true account of those Transactions. and full of ingeniosity.doc. The fair copies of his journal and waggoner (J4 . and with his pencil hath delineated unto us the very Scenes of those Tragedies. Towns and Lands we came to. Ringrose . pp. who was with us in all this Voyage. These things. At Valdivia in March 1684 they were driven off by the Spaniards despite a flag of truce.000. Before proceeding with his later adventures.

He [12] We last met William Dampier (1652-1715) on page 19. 1682. 1:540-42nn). [Amsterdam. Elkins 169) J4 W5 http://publishing. was "my Ingenious Friend Mr. a quarter of Swan's entire force. to Charles II (Philadelphia. the other a port of poor mulattos.Mar. [13] For the duties of a cape merchant or supercargo. . where they joined the Nicholas (Capt. (From William Dampier's Nouveau Voyage autour du monde . when he joined Capt. another of Ring-rose's former shipmates. abandoned legitimate trading and joined the pirates in October 1684. although Ringrose was an ingenious gentleman. As we shall see. Dampier says that. opposite the Tres Marías Islands. however. did demonstrate the thing being very feasible in England which now Captain Swan found to be difficult" (JP4 . The first definite mention we have of him is in December 1679 as commander of a bark among the pirate ships assembling for the attack on Porto Bello (J14 . p. Swan and his men landed at the mouth of the Rio Grande de Santiago in Mexico. As we have seen. dedicated to Charles II (BL.chunk. who wrote that Part of the History of the Buccaneers which relates to Captain Sharp. disposing of the Revenge . 1. VIII 15) Journal. to duke of Albemarle (BL. a large body of Spaniards ambushed the English party. since 1666. . or Super-Cargo of Captain Swan's Ship. they rounded Cape Horn and sailed into the South Pacific. Bartholomew Sharp At his trial in June 1682.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. . Of the surviving copies of these (listed in Tables 1 and 3." Because of general failure in legitimate trading and the desertion of many of his crew.doc. seeking provisions. see Croft 1983. Ringrose . Their raids up and down the coast met with no great success either. his commercial acumen left much to be desired in choosing two places to trade. where they seized a Danish ship and renamed her Batchelor's Delight . 1698]. near the Isle of Plate. February 19. John Cook in the Revenge . In the meantime he had made contact with the cartographer William Hack at Wapping. dated 1683.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . vol. for Mr. near Sentispac. Ringrose being the proposer of this voyage. without resistance. Thus began the second "invasion" of the South Sea by English buccaneers. with Ringrose on board. He was ashore in Virginia from July 1682 until August 1683. 20). 1:271-72). fifteen miles inland. ― 31 ― Image not available. He was at this time Cape-Merchant. K. dated October 23. but while they were transferring supplies of maize to horses to take to their canoes in the river. said Dampier. 267-68. Cook died in July 1684 and was succeeded in command of the Batchelor's Delight by Edmund Davis. Sloane 46B) Waggoner. In March 1684. 1682. Ambush of the buccaneers from the Cygnet . Sharp reached Plymouth on March 25.cdlib.A Buccaneer's Atlas affect Master Ringrose afterwards . Swan decided in October 1684 that the Cygnet should join the several English and French buccaneer ships then active in the South Sea. He had no mind to this Voyage. They captured the small town of Sentispac (Santa Pecaque). 1686. . The buccaneers—for that is what they were—sailed first to the west coast of Africa. Sharp was described as having been born in the parish of Stepney about 1650. in April 1681 when he was one of the party that left Sharp and Ringrose to return overland to the Caribbean. pp. . opp. but was necessitated to engage in it or starve" (JP4 . assisting in the editing of his own journals—and those of Ringrose—and of the translations of the Spanish charts and books captured from the Rosario . Dampier transferred from the Batchelor's Delight to the Cygnet . "the one being only a garrison. killing fifty of the buccaneers. and was acquitted of the charges of piracy and murder in Southwark on June 10. 269-70). . Mexico. On February 19. the Cygnet . Dampier suggests that he was one of a gang who plundered Segovia (in 1675?). dated 1683. John Eaton). when Basil Ringrose was killed. In August 1685. Among them.) boasted of having been a pirate for some sixteen years—say.id=0. They then tried to trade in the gulf of Nicoya in Costa Rica with equally disastrous results. 1686. once again becoming a shipmate of Ringrose. 307. four have dedications by Sharp himself: W2/A1 Waggoner and Appendix.

so it is probable that Ringrose took the original (or another copy) with him when he sailed for the coast again in the Cygnet in 1683.A Buccaneer's Atlas W6 Waggoner. He sailed to Bermuda where he became friendly with the governor. Stanley and the Bonetta failed to find the wreck. a cattle thief.). the grand jury brought in a verdict of ignoramus. Why Sharp did not take up this command we do not know. Colonial Papers. and a traitor who had sold his services to the French. he. which he renamed Josiah . Rear Admiral Benbow visited St. Thomas itself "hath been. however. besides calling Sharp a proclaimed pirate. was appointed governor of Jamaica. but a subsequent expedition in 1687 under William Phips—backed by Albemarle. but at the end of 1686 was brought to Nevis to stand trial for piracy at Jamaica in 1684 and at Campeche on the Yucatan Peninsula in 1686. He was appointed to command the Bonetta sloop. Hans Sloane. We do know. formerly an English Commander in the South Sea" was "commander" of Anguilla. who assembled and later presented to the nation so many of the documents used to tell this story. 119-23). two members of the Navy Board who had been members of the admiralty court that had tried Sharp and his shipmates for piracy and murder the previous June. but that the waggoners of Ringrose and Hack were never published." The author of that account added that St. As for Hack's waggoner. the answer is probably none at all.cdlib. In answer to Benbow's enquiries. lxxxvii). knowing not where (in fact. 179). Thomas in the Virgins in response to a rumor that the notorious pirate Captain Kidd was near. but his friend William Dick says that he wasted all his money on good fellowship and went out of England. being reprinted at least eight times before 1771. 18). 55-66). The first we hear of him in the West Indies again is in a commission from the governor of Nevis dated January 29. no. Sharp was given a captain's commission in the Royal Navy on November 25. In 1687. and having some Alliegence to the King of Denmark. the duke of Albemarle. the Danish governor answered "that there were not any subjects of England on the Island. complained that when writs had been served on him he had lit his pipe or wiped his breech with them. that Ringrose's harbor plans. who described him as very zealous for the king's service. and this time he was acquitted by the petty jury. Dick. a Receptacle for Freebooters of all Nations. When Commodore Anson sailed with his small squadron for the Pacific in 1740. who had been one of the king's advisers during the trial in 1682 and to whom several of the journals and waggoners that relate to the Trinity voyage are dedicated. on December 30. 1686. the noted pirate. published with his journal in Bucaniers of America —and reproduced in this Introduction—were widely disseminated. Edward Stanley in April 1683 ― 32 ― (Earle 1979. even if the information in the waggoners had been published. In the summer of 1699. 173ff. back to the West Indies.id=0. hardly any English ships visited the eastern Pacific during the first three decades of the eighteenth century. Captain Sharp. In the event. 1682. it is possible that there were one or more copies among the ships in the second English buccaneer incursion into the Pacific in the 1680s—but this is only speculation and we have no evidence. so there was no call for the few existing English charts of those coasts to be brought up to date. as we shall see). though the information might have been used subsequently by a few buccaneers. There is some evidence that the waggoner reproduced here is in fact a fair copy.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . only excepted who was confined for misdemeanours. On October 31 he captured a ship off Jamaica.chunk. information on which had just reached Admirals Narbrough and Haddock. Narbrough.000 (Earle 1979.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Sloane mentions that in 1688 "Captain Sharp." So runs the last reference to Bartholomew Sharp so far discovered (Burchett 1720. an absconding debtor. and so their contents remained unknown except to a few individuals. Apart from a very few privateers (as the buccaneers preferred to be called). Sloane 44) Probably as a result of the presentation to the king of the first of the above documents the previous month. for Sharp to "take and apprehend savage Indians and pirates" (PRO. being fitted out to search for the wreck of the Spanish treasure ship Concepción . when Sharp would have been about fifty-one. The Cartographic Legacy The question may be asked: what effect did the South Sea waggoners of Ringrose and Hack have on future English charting of the Pacific coasts of the Americas? Sadly. 53. 1687. could not justifiably be delivered up.[14] he was brought to trial once again on other charges on February 12. though none of the surviving copies show any signs of having been to sea. Sharp's subsequent adventures have been related in some detail by Kemp and Lloyd (1960. In the trial. stranded on a coral reef in the Bahamas in 1640. and others—found it and brought back to England treasure worth some £210. 1684. so they need only be summarized here. as it now is. to Charles II (BL. the northernmost of the Leeward Islands (Sloane 1704. One of his accusers.doc. one would have expected that he had at least seen the Admiralty http://publishing. In a book describing his visit to Jamaica. the Bonetta sailed under the command of Capt. He sailed around the West Indies. dated 1684. he took with him as physician Dr. vol.

depending on the number of islands involved. drying. [15] So alas (though this conclusion may be refuted by future research). once again. uplands. such as the blowhole. ).id=0. and on some of the charts he indicated depth of water by http://publishing. smaller rocks." "the highest hill of all the coast here aboute. Since rivers have sand bars and alluvial fiats that obstruct ships. including: low hills. and groups of islands that appear like ships under sail."[1] Lowlands include the estuaries of large rivers." He also mentions earthquakes.D." or a "parcell. mountains. but it is also a rich source of information on the physical and cultural geography of the Pacific coast of North and South America. for cooking. Hydrographic features were of great importance to mariners." Archipelagoes. lowlands." "even and indifferent high land. Sharp." and "highest volcanoes." "not found. and headlands. Sea cliffs are described in terms of their physical characteristics —"bold" or "very steep"—and by the appearance of their constituent materials—"white. cliffs." "very high land." A wide range of terms apply to uplands. along with various degrees of activity.cdlib. had acquired some charts during his various spells in Spanish America. Ringrose showed shoals by symbol." "small." "white sandy." "deep. The physical character of inlets was likewise noted. ― 33 ― copy of the journals of Wood (who had been Narbrough's master in the Sweepstakes in the Strait of Magellan in 1670). high lands. [15] Henry Hutchinson. a former South Sea Company factor who sailed with Anson as agent-victualler." Depending on a chart's scale. Ringrose's island terminology can be divided into three categories: "key. as in the case of Juan Fernández or the Galápagos. Bays are then categorized by size as "small." Among the several active volcanoes he lists. only small boats are advised for use in such areas. "small round hill. are designated by such terms as "several. The islands described in the Waggoner include everything from a rocky islet to a feature one hundred kilometers in circumference. the second major category of landforms in the Waggoner. it provides excellent descriptions of a wide range of natural and manmade features." Headlands range from a "low pointe" through an "endiforent pointe in height" up to a "very high hill butting into the sea. Although the work is short on theories (generally developed after Ringrose's time) concerning the morphogenesis of landforms.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Ringrose notes several unusual insular features. Hack's South Sea waggoners were nearly sixty years old.doc. But. In 1740. circulation of the atmosphere and oceanic currents. Ringrose notes both an eruption with lava and the venting of gases. The words now used by a grand fury are "not a true bill. and islands. and mangrove swamps." or "no bill" (O. p. so inlets were thoroughly investigated to determine whether potable water might be had in abundance all year long or only seasonally. and ship repair). so could hardly be described as "modern. Within each of these major categories further divisions can be made. stacks. Thus the shorelands are divided first into bays. and the location of settlements. high hills. a sail. and possibly Hack's waggoner as well. Examples of each of the above types are." a "range." "very great mountain.chunk. it is very likely that the enormous amount of work that went into producing these wag-goners was never put to any practical use. Three major physiographic realms are included in Ringrose's landform delineations: shorelands. and Cowley (J11/A5 )." and "great. It was especially critical to find sources of fresh water (as well as of wood. even if special plates are needed. we have no evidence. and volcanoes." salt marshes.A Buccaneer's Atlas [14] Ignoramus (Latin = we take no notice of it) was formerly the endorsement made by a grand jury on a bill or indictment presented to them when they considered the evidence for the prosecution insufficient to warrant the case going to a petty jury. called bufador in Spanish "because of the noise the sea makes against it" (Wag." with the especially large ones designated as "gulfs. including "a modern Manuscript coasting pilot of all the South Sea coast from Cape Horn to California" (Williams 1967." or "like heaps of salt. but larger islands are always included.E. "called Velas" from the Spanish vela . deltas "full of small rivers. 76).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. from a volcano that "does not throw out much smoak" to one that "continually throwes out fire." and "greate. respectively. 24-25)." ― 34 ― A NOTE ON GEOGRAPHIC AND NAVIGATIONAL MATTERS Geography The Waggoner (W3 ) was intended primarily for the navigator. tablelands. and islets may or may not be indicated.

The New World fauna mentioned are all undomesticated. and to their treatment by the Spanish. and sea creatures. is noted as "good grounde. is characterized as the "cheife [port] of the South Sea for in Lima resideth the Spanish Viceroy and to this port is broughte all the Gold. cacao. New World flora. Although the general nature of weather patterns in the Pacific was imperfectly known and is not mentioned in the Waggoner. as well as the size of the towns themselves and their industries. pear. When the English captured the derrotero . and plantain.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. pearles and Stones" (Wag. who were employed in gathering. Settlements of special importance are underscored: Lima. Navigation Although no generally practicable method of determining longitude at sea existed until the end of the eighteenth century.cdlib." "broken grounde and sunken rocks. these include deer. including turtles. or pens). there are references to local winds and currents. 190. It was also possible to determine latitude by observing the pole-star. These facts governed the navigational methods used during the Trinity 's voyage. for although many remote settlements on the nine thousand miles of coast covered in the Waggoner could be reached only by water. fishing. His South Sea Waggoner gave the English of the late seventeenth century strategic information on the Pacific coast of North and South America. This was done by measuring the angular distance of the sun above the horizon at noon—the meridian altitude. taking into account such factors as the strength of the wind. 118). 66). Besides this most important route of the Manila galleon. the determination of latitude was relatively simple. 146. other sea lanes are discussed. which makes a tempest on this Coaste. and trade. ― 35 ― your selves. the page numbers of longer quotations are noted parenthetically in the text. added greatly to the attractiveness of the area. Many of these plants were subsistence items. an insightful and colorful glimpse at a world long gone. it will goe hard to save your vessell or [1] All quotations in this section are from W3. wch are times for the north winde" (Wag. and plum. Ringrose deplores the exploitation of the Indians. apple. well established by the time Ringrose reached the Pacific coast of America. pp. A number of references are made to the native peoples.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . sugar cane. Surf conditions are also indicated. or stockades). Indians of various groups. used for grazing. p.chunk. included the grape. but not in the latitudes frequented by the Trinity . important for anchoring. Both the racial mix of the inhabitants and the nature of the buildings of certain towns are discussed." or "cleane ousey grounde. As with the flora. Precipitation and moisture conditions are referred to as "Gross Cloudy land. and goats and sheep are discussed. Savanna or subtropical grasslands. Among the former are tree crops such as olive. Useful native plants that were gathered include mangrove (for firewood) and various hardwoods (for shipbuilding and repair)." Tidal ranges are mentioned in the text but not indicated on the charts. Silver. The nature of the bottom material. both domesticated and natural. As there was no way of checking east-west progress once out of sight of land. The majority of notes on the winds refer to direction. though unlikely in the Trinity . Land-to-sea and sea-to-land breezes are also noted: "A wind from shore wch will drive you from your anchor if you bee not carefull. Seasonally strong and prevailing winds are mentioned: "It is soe windy but expetially from September till Aprill." "sandy bay. p. are mentioned as well. which the mariners prized especially as food. simple manufacturing. and made available by.doc. position had to be estimated by dead reckoning—by keeping an hour-by-hour check on courses and distances sailed (possibly." Flora mentioned in the Waggoner can be divided into plants introduced from the Old World and plants indigenous to the New World. the sea runnes soe high" (Wag.A Buccaneer's Atlas number of fathoms. pp." "wonderfull raines. Among native American domesticated plants mentioned in the Waggoner are corn (maize). is described as "the place from whence the Spaniard embarques from Mexico for China and the fillipines. others did have arduous overland connections. manioc (sweet and bitter cassava). swine kept in "craules" (crawls. and potential dangers to ships and their crews: "If a SE [wind] comes. 100). Ciudad de Los Reyes with its outport Callao. This rich Spanish source must have provided a summary of a great deal of geographical lore which was added to. 226). Acapulco. http://publishing. as are some land transportation arteries. both Old and New World types of fauna are referred to. even more. 192). the Spanish had already occupied the Pacific coast of the Americas for a century and a half and had learned much about the area. cattle kept in "stantions" (stanchions. Among the former. intensity. Other Old World crops." and "Gett as far in to the Eastward as you can that the North winds may not drive you a shore" (Wag. various birds. Today it offers us much interesting geographical and historical data and. but others also had trading value." and mountains with "snow like a sugar loaf.id=0. agriculture. A vital Pacific port north of the equator. aided by some form of speed-measuring log). Basil Ring-rose. wch is a peculiar privilige it hath for no other port dares trade to any parts of the East Indies butt from hence" (Wag. p. and certain grains.

quadrant. say. or backstaff.) ridian altitude. p. left. at the Duke of York's Island in Chile. 37." Cox makes much the same entry. the second is simpler to make but had virtually gone out of use at sea by that date. Juan Fernández). http://publishing. it was probably not among the equipment of the Trinity or the Mayflower . To do this. makes the measurement using the sun's shadow. this was not a good instrument for use with the sun but was excellent for finding latitude by the pole-star. 36. he could have been referring either to the Davis quadrant or to the simple mariner's quadrant. (From British Library MS. it would probably have been the instrument preferred by the buccaneers.Mar. ― 37 ― Image not available. Title page of the first of William Hack's manuscript South Sea Waggoners. p." and "westing"). 1680. 37. p.) All but one of the angle-measuring instruments available at the time can be seen in Fig. a check that was maintained until the next landfall. On October 18. 15° north). however. 181). and. but its observed zenith distance at noon (altitude + zenith distance = 90°). only one being used at a time. it is 23°. Page from a fair copy of Bartholomew Sharp's log for December 1680. VIII 15). it is unlikely one would have been carried on the march across the Isthmus of Darien. left. this in turn was used to compute the "Lattitude by Observation" column. with which the navigator. p. (From Naval Historical Library MSS. p. not in the holograph version). High land. though the latter does not mention the type of instrument used (JP3 . leeway. each of which were two foot and a half radius" (JP3 .) The instrument shown at top right in Fig. 176). he records: "This day I finished another Quadrant. to and fro on the staff so that. the entry for August 2o. but north-south progress could be actually measured daily. although the buccaneers would certainly have found at least one cross-staff on board the Trinity when they captured her.5 north. and dividing the scales is difficult without a jig and special tools. 37. This is illustrated in Fig. 1681. for every day of the year at noon. dedicated by Bartholomew Sharp to King Charles II in 1682.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. his back to the sun. was the mariner's astrolabe. top right. Though not easy to use when the sun is high (as at noon in the tropics). globe and dividers. and so forth. the angular distance was then read off scales engraved on the staff. bottom left. VIII 15. Though very difficult to use in a ship with any movement on her. bottom right. In using the term quadrant ." "southing. p. 37. right. the navigator needed two things: an instrument for measuring the sun's me― 36 ― Image not available.chunk.cdlib.A Buccaneer's Atlas currents.doc. curiously enough. not the sun's altitude above the horizon. with the actual courses and distances sailed each day resolved into their north-south and east-west components ("northing. 68). left. the declination is zero.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . It shows contemporary navigational instruments: top left. mountanous & barren. (At the equinoxes. The log includes a periodical check on the totals of each of these components since the last land seen (the "departure" point—in this case. is the cross-staff.Mar. 37. the mariner's astrolabe was an accurate instrument for measuring altitudes ashore. and a table giving. On October 1. K. left. the transom's bottom was on the horizon and its top on the heavenly body being observed. or transoms. The first is a complex piece of joinery. 1681. as the backstaff was not popular with Spanish seamen. K. the Trinity was never in a latitude from which satisfactory polestar observations could be obtained (north of. This simple wooden instrument was used by pushing one of the cross-pieces. however. East-west progress could only be estimated. (Transoms of three different lengths were supplied to cater for different ranges of angles. The contemporary angle-measuring instrument not shown in Fig." "easting. being the third I finished in the Voyage" (JP3 . In the printed version of Ringrose's journal (but. such as that at bottom left in Fig.id=0. They might not have had such an instrument. Sharp wrote in his journal (J11 ): "Being Tuesday we had a clear day and we observed by our Astrolobes on shore & found our selves to be in the Latitude of 50°37' South. which is copied from Captain Sharp's log-book. It is difficult to decide which. the sun's declination—its angular distance north or south of the celestial equator. 4. as does Ringrose in his journal. backstaff. at northern midsummer. which shows William Hack's title page to the first translation of the "great book" captured from the Rosario (BL MS.5 south. weather permitting. 23°.) Because of the glare. One or more of these would certainly have been found in the Trinity when she was captured. states that he had "finished two Quadrants. cross-staff. showing how dead reckoning was computed by resolving the courses and distances made good each day into their north-south and east-west components. The "Meridian Altitude" column actually records. with the eye on the butt of the staff. At top left is the Davis quadrant. the method of use being demonstrated in Fig. at midwinter.

The order of magnitude is certainly right. and Basil Ringrose. He probably did this by observing the star's meridian altitude and then applying the latitude found a fortnight earlier. so he presumably took this observation simply to add to the corpus of astronomical knowledge. This was probably the third-magnitude Alpha Tucanae. and possibly. without any significant alteration of course to search for the island— and after nearly three months with no glimpse of land—was a remarkable feat of navigation. perhaps. or 92°19' west of Greenwich] in Lat 11 D. From this Eclipse I then took the true judgment of our longitude from the Canary Islands .[2] which Ringrose seized on as the only opportunity to measure his longitude astronomically. (From Pedro de Medina. whose actual SPD in 1680 was 28°10'. one cannot but admire them as magnificent seamen and navigators. the best educated of these was Ringrose. but not certainly.id=0. an annular eclipse of the sun visible in the south Pacific. 101)—which had. the positions of the southern stars were very imperfectly known. One other navigational instrument was mentioned in the accounts of the voyage.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .doc. we have no means of checking the accuracy of that longitude. On September 12. John Cox. 12). At that time. we have experimented [sic ] eight or nine degrees difference of variation. so it would have appeared very nearly total (see Oppolzer 1887). that it is very difficult to direct a course of Navigation in these parts. In his journal entry for September 13. ― 39 ― THE SOUTH SEA WAGGONER ― 41 ― A Description of the Waggoner and an Explanation of Editorial Conventions http://publishing. Observing the sun with a mariner's astrolabe. by a good Dutch Azimuth Compass" (JP3 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Image not available. As for that other requirement for finding latitude.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. and found above 30d ." Whatever opinion one might have of these people as pirates. The documents that have survived prove that there were at least three expert navigators in the Trinity: Bartholomew Sharp. but Captain Sharp's predawn sighting of Barbados at two and a half leagues. an azimuth compass said by Ringrose to have been used south of Cape Horn to find magnetic variation: "In the evening of this day [November 27. log reel. I took now the ― 38 ― Declination-Table used and made by the Cosmographer of Lima " (JP3 . John Hilliard. Alas.45 S" (JP3 . the solar declination table. Undoubtedly.chunk. in the same place. For in the space of only twenty five leagues sailing. 84). 1545].35 [east of the lie de Fer. 134). From whence ought to be concluded. was presumably a competent navigator as well. a log-ship. Arte de Navegar [Valladolid. [2] This was an annular eclipse whose central path crossed about 500 miles north of the Trinity . variation of the Needle. Ringrose says: "Our latitude by observation we found to be 23D.25S.) On November 2. there occurred a very rare event. 1681] we had a very exact sight of the Sun. proving that Ringrose must have had considerable navigational training even to attempt such an observation. 1680. This was most likely a Spanish manuscript almanac—perhaps taken from one of the prisoners—based on the meridian of the Ile de Fer. even if he was following the accepted contemporary practice of finding the island by "running down the latitude. the modern Hierro. and found my self to be 285 D. Other navigational apparatus which the mariners were bound to have had was a lead and line for sounding the depth of water. as he would himself have had no navigational use for it. He would of course have needed some sort of almanac with predictions of the times of the various parts of the eclipse. been captured at Ilo a few days earlier. as the Trinity was on a long tack some eight hundred miles into the Pacific on passage between Guayaquil and Coquimbo. 184). Ringrose tells us that he has determined the south polar distance (SPD: the angular distance from the south celestial pole) of "the South star in the Cock's foot" and made it 28°25' (JP3 . however (see Fig. 1680. and half-minute sandglass for measuring speed through the water. p.cdlib. the Trinity 's master who died. we have only one reference: on November 15. which lasted from one of the clock till three after dinner. he says: "Yesterday in the Afternoon we had a great Eclipse of the Sun.

Descriptions of places in the text are never more than a few pages from the chart or charts on which the places are named. Most coastlines have an orange or yellow wash. with RING/ROSE/WAG/ONER stamped on the spine. (From National Maritime Museum MS. p. A typical opening of Ringrose's waggoner. Even excluding the first and the last two maps.g. which show oceanic islands—Juan Fernández and the Galápagos.A Buccaneer's Atlas The Waggoner Physical Description Basil Ringrose's Waggoner (National Maritime Museum classmark P.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .32) contains 110 leaves. so to speak (e." however. 165 × 210 mm." All of these additions are of a navigational nature. respectively—that were important for navigating the Pacific shores of South America. 104. or near-profile view. Crosshatching is used on dark features including cliffs. presumably from a source other than the one "Red" used. There are generous colored borders. which lacks any textual reference. as are a few remarks concerning anchorages and soundings." has been through all the charts in the Waggoner making a few alterations and additions in a black ink darker than that used for the coastlines by "Red.) Image not available. while "Red" always uses the modern r . The Second Volume (London. and where two charts occupy a single page. especially shoals. Los Evangelistos being at the Pacific entrance to the Strait of Magellan. each 158 × 203 mm. which are not representative of http://publishing. a blue wash is used occasionally for trees. Each page of the original is 158 × 203 mm. Geographically. This writing is the same as in the manuscript version of Ringrose's journal (J4 ). Content The whole of the volume (text and all charts. Exceptions are the next-to-last and last charts in the volume. the charts are oriented with the coast across the long axis of the page. Latitudes on the charts are almost always in the correcting hand. (These additions and alterations are indicated by asterisks in the notes accompanying the reproduced charts that follow.) ― 43 ― The two hands are definitely different. has a very different appearance from any other chart in the Waggoner and is probably from the English survey of the islands made in 1684-85 by William Ambrose Cowley. Comparison of Ringrose and modern coastlines of California. Certain symbols also indicate that two hands are involved—soundings are shown in both red and black. and color has been applied in muted watercolor washes. coverage. This spread deals with southern Chile. Pta di Cullo on Chart 54). except possibly Chart 107) is in the same hand. probably but not certainly that of Ringrose himself.32. "Black. "Black" using the old secretary-hand r . generally writes in English. there are some 140 charts in plan. Both normally use the secretary-hand e . The individual charts vary greatly in scale. and red for roofs of buildings. an internal border is used as a divider. comprising a title page followed by 106 pages of text on the left-hand side and 106 pages of charts on the facing. for example). with occasional lapses into the modern e . The illustrations are arranged one or two to a page. The Galápagos chart. The charts are drawn in pen and ink on paper.) ― 42 ― Image not available. and anchorages may be depicted by either a Maltese cross or an anchor symbol.. The volume has a contemporary binding of tooled brown leather. However. for example. profile. with small gaps and some overlap.chunk. an edited version of which was printed in J. whom we will call "Black. from northern California to Tierra del Fuego—42° north to 56° south latitude (see index maps. Cimolino. occasionally rendering the Spanish with an Italian accent. It is in very good condition. with text on the left and chart on the right. 1685) (JP3 ). Facing pages of text and illustrations have been given the same number. The Waggoner is entirely handwritten. the charts are arranged with north at the beginning of the manuscript and south at the end. P. right-hand side.doc. 5 leguas . someone else. These colors reinforce the delineation of features drawn in dark ink (see the frontispiece). With few exceptions. Most of the names by "Red" are copied directly from the Spanish (Malabrigo al Este. in total. The total coverage of the charts extends.id=0. and a dotted symbol is employed for underwater features.cdlib. (Complied by Tony A. We will call this writer "Red" from the color of the ink he used for placenames on charts. north and west to the left and south and east to the right. Exquemelin's Bucaniers of America. A good example of the two hands together can be seen on Chart 106. and point of view. Appendix A). although he occasionally gives simple words like fort and bridge in English.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.

and 106 are covered with an approximately square grid in light pencil. This grid varies in size with the chart and was probably used for copying from. see Wag. receive little attention. Compass roses . On Charts 12-15 only. in italic type. n. This information is presented from left to right and top to bottom according to its position on the charts. p. ― 44 ― Islands . on maps for more than a century. etc.chunk. with the features of low coasts in plan view and uplands usually in profile. Thereafter. which have. Whereas nearly all Ringrose's charts seem to be straight copies of the captured derrotero (and are substantially the same as Hack's from Acapulco southward). although punctuation has often had to be silently added to make the meaning clearer. 277-82) contains a summary map and eighteen detailed index charts (plotted using data from modern nautical charts) showing the coverage of the 107 pages of charts in the Waggoner (W3 ) that follow. occasionally with red roofs. a question mark denotes a doubtful transcription. with black-ink hatching to show cliffs. a few having been added in black. many by pictographic symbols that generalize environmental features in a semi-natural way. original spelling and capitalization are faithfully followed. again according to contemporary convention. with or without a change of scale. or to. Squaring . Only fifteen charts have soundings (see note to Chart 11). 25). as in this case. Charts 2-85. By contrast." Topography. incorporating his own experience when he had been to the place described and interpreting Spanish accounts when he had not. the captured derrotero seems to have been the source of all the remaining charts of the coasts of Central and South America.g. Charts 23 and 24)—have a blue wash. Squaring is a recognized method of copying maps. Horizontal: red. thus. Occasionally the same place-name is repeated on a succeeding chart. however. In addition. There are no latitude or longitude graduations (except on Chart 107. Borders of charts . the larger the scale and the more detailed the chart. the ports of Acapulco and Callao (Lima) are shown in considerable detail. with the transcribed text facing the reproduction of the appropriate chart.. sometimes with directions altered to fit the map frame more easily.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . is a small-scale general delineation of California as an island. state and Baja California. Notes to the charts include. Great differences in scale exist even within individual charts. An Explanation of the Editorial Conventions Since Ringrose's original book contained the charts on the right-hand pages and the relevant text on the facing left-hand pages (see Fig. the more important the area. Appendix A (pp. with sides of varying lengths between a half and three-quarters of an inch. coastline. Buildings are in black. in which case it is also repeated in the notes for that chart. p..A Buccaneer's Atlas the work as a whole.cdlib. a general chart showing Baja California as a peninsula. no lines of latitude or longitude are drawn. Except on Chart 107. offshore rocks. but many of the charts have an approximately square grid in light pencil." although "Black" has added a few on Charts 81-84 using an anchor symbol. Most are in red. from a certain Don Melchor (for more on Don Melchor. The first chart. however.S. covering about one-fifth of the total area mapped in the Waggoner. his sailing directions are very much his own account. was not a peninsula but an island —found expression. other charts. Soundings . 105. there is considerable variety in the scale of the charts. more often. vertical: blue.doc. the same plan is followed here. A very few—mostly those lined by trees (e. long stretches of coast with no useful anchorages. For example. Mostly in red except those large enough to be outlined in orange. This notion —that California. embracing both the present-day U. Both text and charts are annotated. http://publishing. 41). Whether this grid was drawn for copying from. General points to note in the rendering of the charts in the colored original are as follows: Anchorages . This particular chart does not appear in Hack's waggoners. In the transcription of the text. etc . Symbols Very large numbers of physical and cultural features are delineated. bays are usually larger in scale than intervening stretches of coast. An asterisk denotes an alteration or addition by "Black" (see p. Most coastlines are reinforced by an orange or yellow wash. and added later).id=0. or to.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Most are indicated by black Maltese crosses inserted by "Red. Following contemporary convention. The projection used on all the charts is presumably the plane chart with a local reference. In Ringrose's Waggoner the general chart of California is followed by ten detailed charts of the Pacific coast of California and six of mainland Mexico north of Acapulco. is not clear. a single chart may combine viewing perspectives. Latitudes and navigational remarks . 64. Almost all of these have been added by "Black. verbatim transcriptions of all place-names and other writing (excluding depths and anchorages) on each chart. of the Galápagos Islands—not by Ring-rose. 41).

cdlib. or where there is some natural division (e. foreign words (e. under. common Spanish words.. Known modern equivalents of place-names or notations (especially where different) follow the original. ravine Blanco. etc. The modern equivalent is normally given only once. between mainland and major island).) Barra Bar (of a river. Spanish English Afuera Outer.) Barranco Precipice.id=0.. An equals sign after a latitude gives the present-day determination of latitude. etc.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. In the annotations.). baya Bay Bajo.chunk. f. General notes pertinent to the chart as a whole are given at the end of the entry for the chart. below.. names of ships. To help the reader place each chart in modern context. lower (adv. William Hack often added to his charts interesting explanatory notes. in roman type. dedicated to King James II in 1685. Where two charts are on the same page with a border between them.g. In his own South Sea Waggoners. place-names and notations are grouped separately within an entry to indicate this division. after an equals sign.doc. -a White Boca Mouth Cabo. followed in a few instances by Ringrose's spelling.) Agua Water Aguja Needle Ancón Open bay or roadstead Archipiélago Archipelago Arena Sand Bahía. by double.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . and titles of publications.A Buccaneer's Atlas place-names on one chart are repeated on the preceding or following text page. scientific names of plants) and some English translations are indicated by single quotation marks. it is identified by giving in the running heads the name of the country in which the area represented lies (in terms of present-day political boundaries). Glossary of Spanish Words Found in the Waggoner The Spanish word is first given in modern spelling.-a Shoal (n. 140. These take the form "Hack. outside (of islands. etc. cavo Cape Cala Narrow cove or creek. some of which are quoted here in the annotations to Ringrose's text.g. with steep sides Caleta Cove http://publishing." referring to the folio numbers of the National Maritime Museum copy W8 .

cdlib. knoll Mar Sea Mesa Tableland.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .id=0.A Buccaneer's Atlas Casa House Cerrito.) Herradura Horseshoe-shaped (bay. cerillo Hillock Cerro Hill Ciudad. plateau Moreno.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. steep and sharp-pointed rocky islet Golfo Gulf Grupo Group (of islands. -a Brown http://publishing. civdad City Cordillera Mountain range Cuña Quoin. etc. wedge ― 45 ― Embarcadero Landing place Ensenada Bay Este East Estero Creek. ysla Island Isleta Islet Islote. yslote Barren islet. etc.) Isla. narrows Farallón Stack. inlet Estrecho Strait. skerry Loma Hillock.chunk.doc.

A Buccaneer's Atlas
Morro Headland, bluff, hummock-shaped island

Negro, -a

Black

Norte

North

Nuevo, nueba

New

Oeste

West

Pan de Azúcar

Sugar-loaf

Peña

Rock

Playa

Beach

Pueblo, puibla

Town

Puerto

Port, harbor

Punta

Point

Quebrada

Ravine, gully

Río

River

Roca

Rock

Rojo, -a

Red

Salinas

Saltpans

Sierra

Mountain range

Silla

Saddle

Sucio, -a

Foul

Sud, sur

South

Teta

Breast, knoll

Tierra

Land

a Tierra, de Tierra

Inner, or nearer land (cf. Afuera )

Valle

Valley

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A Buccaneer's Atlas
Verde Green

Viejo, -a

Old

Villa

Town

Volcán, bolcan

Volcano

Source: South America Pilot , vol. 3, 5th ed. (Taunton, England, 1968), pp. ix-xii.

― 46 ―

THE SOUTH SEA WAGGONER
Shewing the making & bearing of all the Coasts from California to the Streights of Le Maire done

Basil Ringrose ― 47 ― Image not available. Symbols Used by Ringrose on Waggoner Charts Anchorages

Soundings are in fathoms on the few charts that show them. Conventions Used in Footnotes * Hack f. 12 An alteration by "Black" (see p. 42) Folio numbers in the Greenwich copy of Hack's South Sea Waggoner (W8 )

― 48 ― Cavo de Andreus is the utmost cape the Spaniards make use of in there Voyages to the East Indies.[1] The Discription of the Coaste of this Island is as followeth declared at large. [2] [1] For a recent discussion of the Manila galleon trade with map, see Bruman 1981. [2] For the history of California as an island, see Tooley 1963, and Leighly 1972. ― 49 ― Image not available. Chart 2 Anian —a legendary strait connecting the Pacific with the Polar Sea. The name derives from 'Aniu' in the account of Marco Polo's travels. As a strait, the name is first found in a pamphlet by Giacomo Gastaldi, who used the name 'Ania' in 1559. Its first appearance on

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A Buccaneer's Atlas

a dated map was on Bologna Zaltieri's map of Nova Franza in 1566, as 'Streto de Anian,' probably copied from a lost map of Gastaldi (W. Michael Mathes, private communication; and Wagner 1968, 426). Quivera o Nueba Granada —Quivira, a legendary kingdom sought by explorers and placed on maps anywhere from Kansas to California. Granada is an important city in old Spain and also a city on Lago de Nicaragua in Central America. Nueva Granada was also the name applied to Colombia in colonial times. Nueba Ginea Cavo Coriantes = Cabo Corrientes ('corriente' = current). Acapulco = Acapulco. California = California, Alta and Baja (Upper and Lower). Cavo de Foitunas —'Fortunate Cape,' an imaginary place which Ringrose locates in the northeast corner of California. Cavo al Oest—'Cape of the West,' an imaginary place usually located northward of the northernmost named point along the California coast. Cavo de San Andreus = possibly Point Saint George or Cape Blanco. Cavo Mendocino = Cape Mendocino, often the landfall for the eastbound Manila galleon. Pta de los Reys = Point Reyes. Pta de Pinos = Point Pinos. Seniças = Cenizas = Isla San Martín. Cedros = Isla Cedros. La Nabidad = Isla Natividad. Madalia = Bahía Magdalena. Cavo Sn Lucas = Cabo San Lucas.

― 50 ― very high continueing to run South between 10 & 11 leagues to another This Cape Andreus is Gross Cloudy land, Cape Called cavo de Mendocino wch is in North latt.
[3]

. Here is a small village of Indians who have Cocao walks. [4] Here you must anchor in 8 fathom water, good ground right off the River. ffrom hence the Land runnes SSE endiferent[5] high, all woody land[6] and at the sea side white and red cliffs[7] till you come to Latt. where you will see a low p t full of white Clouded Cliffes and you will find good riding to Northward of ye Point in a bay, good Grounde and 7 fathom water. Hence the Coast runnes SEbS [8] till you come at Pta [3] The frequently cool coast of northern California, which Sir Francis Drake visited in June/July 1579, is described by Fletcher (1628, 64) as having "most vile, thicke, and stinking fogges." Cape Andreus cannot be positively identified, but it probably represents Cape Blanco, marked as such on a few of the charts of the period (although many of them show nothing north of Cape Mendocino). [4] It is not clear what "Cocao walks" refers to, as this is much too far north for cacao (Theobroma cacao ), the obsolete spelling of which is cocao ; "walk" = an avenue bordered by trees (O.E.D .). [5] Indifferent = neither very high nor very low—of medium height. [6] Probably a reference to the California coastal redwood (Sequoia sempervirens ) and other conifers, including the Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii; P. taxifolia ). [7] This rugged shoreland is composed of rocks of various colors, the most distinctive being white, which caused Drake to name the area Nova Albion for "the white bancks and cliffes, which he toward the sea" (Fletcher 1628, 80).

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A Buccaneer's Atlas

[8] "SEbS" = southeast by south, the compass point between southeast and south-southeast. ― 51 ― Image not available. Chart 3 Cavo de Sant Andreus = possibly Point Saint George or Cape Blanco. Cavo Mendocino = Cape Mendocino. Pta Baja = Point Arena. Pta de los Reyes = Point Reyes. Triangulos = Farallon Islands. Pta del año nuebo = Point Año Nuevo; also Point Ano Nuevo. The anchorage northwest of Point Reyes, marked "+," is probably today's Bodega Bay. The one inside the point is certainly Drakes Bay. The next anchorage down the coast might seem to be in the entrance to San Francisco Bay, but this is unlikely in view of the strength of the tidal currents in the Golden Gate, and it probably represents Drakes Estero, an inlet in Drakes Bay. ― 52 ― de los Reys, an Endiforent pointe in heighte. At some distance it seemes an Island and NW from it is a rounde hill. It is an Exellent port and you are here safe from all winds. In the harboure you have a Creeke in wch is safe and smooth riding and find friendly Indians and good watering. The Coast is shoaly soe keep 5 or 6 leagues offe and when you see los Triangulos[9] then make in for the porte. Here was lost the Ship St Augustine 1595 by sailing too neer the pointe. [10] Hence the land runnes SEbS to Pta del año Nuebo, a low p t in latt. and hence the land makes severall deep bayes till you come SE from it to Pta de Pinos. [9] "Los Triangulos" are the Farallon Islands, which Drake called the Islands of Saint James (Fletcher 1628, 185). These islands were later an important landmark for finding the Golden Gate, thirty miles to the east, which is narrow and often fog-bound. The Golden Gate is not known to have been navigated by the Spanish until 1775 (see Galvin 1971). [10] The intrusion of Drake and Cavendish into the South Sea made the Spaniards feel the need for some port on the coast of California in which returning galleons could take refuge. Sebastián Rodríguez Cermeño, a skilled Portuguese navigator in Spanish service returning from Manila in 1595 in the fully laden San Agustín , was ordered to examine the coast for that purpose. Alas, in November of that year, the San Agustín was driven ashore in what is now known as Drakes Bay, just east of Point Reyes. Cermeño and most of his crew reached Chacala two months later in a pinnace they had assembled after the shipwreck. See Wagner 1968, 91-92. ― 53 ― Image not available. Chart 4 Pta de Pinos = Point Pinos. Estero Salada —mouth of the Salinas River. Puerto de monte Rey = Estero Bay, not Monterey Bay, which lies north of Point Pinos. Puerto de Sardinas = Point San Luis. Pta de La Concepsion = Point Conception. Yslas Nobladas = four islands: San Miguel, Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, and San Nicolas. Canal de Sta Barbara = Santa Barbara Channel. Sta Barbara = Santa Barbara Island. ta de la Conversion = Santa Barbara Point. P Sta Catalina = Santa Catalina Island. Ya fortuna = San Clemente Island. ― 54 ― Here you have very good riding in 6, 7 and 8 fathom water. You may know this port by the pine trees & by very white Cliffs one the South side. It is in North latt.

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A Buccaneer's Atlas

. Hence you saile SE for a port Called El Puerto de Monte Rey, a very good port and greate succor for China Ships. [11] Hence the coasts run SSE, high Cloudy land, to Pta de la Concession, wch is a steep land with Streaks of Woody and Savana land[12] and is in latt. . Before you come here, in latt. is a very good Port called Los Salinas. From Consessession begins the Chanell of Sta Barbara wch is 10 leagues broade & without it are Severall Islands, very well peopled.[13] Next in latt. is P. de la Conversion. Hence the Land runnes [11] See Bruman 1981 for a discussion of the importance of Monterey in the trans-Pacific trade. [12] "Savana land" refers here to the oak woodland-grassland vegetation typical of the California coast. The word savanna , from the Carib zavana (or Taino zabana ), is used generally to describe a natural subtropical grassland with scattered trees. [13] For a detailed discussion of these islands and their inhabitants, see Grant 1978, 524-29. ― 55 ― Image not available. Chart 5 Baya de St Andreus = San Pedro Bay. Puerto de San Diego = San Diego Bay. Yslas de San Martin = Coronado Islands. Baya de Todos Santos = Bahía Todos Santos. Baya de San Quintin = Bahía de San Quintín. Sn Marcos = Isla de Guadalupe. ― 56 ― East 12 leagues. In the way is the Greate Island Sta Catalina, above 20 leagues rounde, well peopled & is in latt. . 10 leagues further is another greate Island Called ffortuna. From the afore said pt the land runnes East 16 leagues and you find a good port called la Baya de St Andreus in latt. . Hence the land runnes SE to latt. where is a port Called St Diego [14] in wch grow severall sorts of fragrant herbs, close to wch you anchor in 12 or 14 fathome water. Hence SSE 6 leagues you may anchor at the Islands of San Martin. Hence ESE, all high land, is Baya de Todos Santos in latt. . Along SEbS is the bay of San Quintin, a good port with a long cliffe like a wall on its west side.[15] Hence 11 leagues is the Island of San Marcos [14] The first exploration of the coast of Alta California was made in 1542-43 by an expedition commanded by a pilot in the Spanish service, Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo. Sailing in the San Salvador and Victoria from Navidad, Mexico, in June 1542, they examined the coast northward from Cape San Lucas to Point Reyes in some detail, discovering the bays of San Diego, Monterey, and others, but not of San Francisco. When Rodríguez Cabrillo died in January 1543, his successor, Bartolomé Ferello (Ferrer), made another cast to the north, probably sighting Point Arena in 38°57' N (possibly Ring-rose's Pta. Baja on Chart 3A). The survivors returned to Navidad in April 1543. Other expeditions to Alta California before 1680 were those of Francis Drake in 1579, Francisco Gali in 1584, Sebastián Rodriguez Cermeño in 1595, and Sebastián Vizcaíno in 1602-3. [15] A striking fault scarp exposed as a sea cliff forms this prominent feature at Punta Banda. ― 57 ― Image not available.

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and therefore a focal point for pirates waiting for the galleon.chunk. These Islands are in latt. lagoons. to NW of wch 6 leagues is a high rounde Cape Called Cavo St Augustine. . If you Saile from St Lucas to Corientes you must steere ESE 48 leagues to Islands called Las Marias and from ym to Corientes SE 23 leagues. Islas de Cenos = Isla San Roque and Isla Asunción. ― 60 ― St Lucas is 20 leagues in latt. Messa de Juan Gomez = Sierra de Santa Clara. The maine[20] is all along full of Cocao walks [21] and Stantions. ― 58 ― wch is in latt. Other foure leagues is the Island Ceniças in latt. in fact.id=0. . On its barre you have 3 fathom.cdlib.[18] the best port of all in Spring time. Cavo de San Lucas = Cabo San Lucas. From Corientes 30 leagues SEbE is the bay of Chamettlan. Hence to Cape [16] The Mesa de Juan Gómez—or the Sierra de Santa Clara—is a large plateau adjacent to the coast.doc. volcanic headlands. [22] Hence SEbE 22 leagues is Pta Ponteque whence runes a Deep baye 14 leagues to Cape Corientes wch is in latt. On the Maine land[19] you meet the hill called Xalisco and Close to it the Island Maxantelba. [17] Bahía Magdelena consists of a complex association of bays. Puerto del Marques —at Punta Marqués. .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. . and offshore bars all along the coast shown on Chart 7A. a very good port. North from the sd Island is very high even land called the table of Juan Gomez [16] in latt. soe keep without them till you come to Baya de Madalina[17] in latt. there is. Further SE are Islands Called Islas de Cenos. Ya de Nra Sma = Isla Natividad. ― 59 ― Image not available. . Chart 7 Baya de Madalina = Bahía Magdalena. more then 12 leagues from maine. no harbor there. . Baya de San Barnabe = Bahía San Lucas. Puente de lansado —at Punta Gasparino. Hence 14 leagues SEbE is Puerto del Marquese in latt. Ya de Cenicas = Isla Cedros. Cavo St Augustíno = Punta Eugenia. Hence are many Deep bayes full of Shoales for above 40 leagues.A Buccaneer's Atlas Chart 6 Baya de Virgines = Bahía Rosario. Within 8 or 9 fathome SEbS 4 leagues more is the Island St Ger mo . and here ends California. the Port of La Purification http://publishing. The departure point for the Acapulcobound Manila galleon. a good port but no wood nor water. and SE 4 leagues is a very good bay called baya de Virgines.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . St Geronimo = Isla Gerónimo. and about it is a port called St Barnabe.

in contrast to peninsular (or insular) Baja California. Cavo Corientes = Cabo Corrientes. heating. 7. which was not founded until 1768. a very good Port with good water and wood. a good harbor must not only provide secure riding and shelter from the elements. The three rocks are called Las Tres Marietas.A Buccaneer's Atlas wch is 3 leagues up. 49-51). then the southernmost Y port in New Galicia (Gerhard 1960. Ya Blanca = Los Frailes ('The Friars'). 1686 (see Introduction. María Madre.) [22] An obsolete form of the word stanchions . 12. Majantelba = Isla Isabela.id=0. 30. p. with peaks to 14. Jago—at Punta Farallón. Xalisco (Jalisco) is the hill behind the port of Matanchel (Matanchén). the landfall for the Manila galleon coming from Cabo San Lucas and therefore a focal point for buccaneers. 497). 1947).doc. María Magdelena. where Ringrose was killed on February 19.290 feet (3. but it must also have supplies of wood and water. Chart 8 Cerro de Xalisco = Monte San Juan. in the region of Jalisco. Volcan de Colima = Volcán de Colima. 22°40' N. Pta Ponteque = Punta Mita. were too bulky to be stored in quantity on board and therefore required constant replenishment. 48).chunk. where shipbuilding based on local supplies of wood was begun almost immediately (Miller 1974). so named by Vizcaíno on June 11. Yas Pinto = Roca Negra. as de Chamettla—islands in the Bahía de Chametla or Bahía de Pérula.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Thence to the Port De Supan 16 leagues and halfe a league up is the towne called Jesupar a large handsome towne. At the end of them is Rio de Sacatuli wch leades a league up to a good towne of the Same name. . ― 61 ― Image not available. ― 62 ― to the port La Navidad is SE 16 leagues. Four islands: San Juanito. [23] As will become obvious through reading Ringrose's sailing directions. Las Marias = Islas Las Tres Maríns. a Citty 5 leagues upe hence [18] Bahía de San Barnabé. resources that. Coronados —part of the Sierra Volcánica Transversal.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. the largest river in central Mexico. and Gerhard 1960. (Cf. Salinas del Piloto Valle de Balderos —for Val de Banderas = Puerto Vallarta. now Bahía San Lucas (Wagner 1968.550 feet (2. María Cleofas. 4. [19] The mainland of Mexico (see index maps). as opposed to islands off the coast: for example.748 m). the biggest of the South Sea and here they built the first that ever sailed for the East Indias from this part of the world. 1602. near which is Sentispac. part of Nevado de Colima. Puerto de St . Hence 20 leagues is the Porte of St Jago neare wch is the Volcan de Alima. [20] "Maine" = mainland. and drinking).cdlib. n. Just off the chart about ten miles northwest is the mouth of the Río Grande de Santiago." [21] In this instance reference is probably to the coconut (Cocos nucifera ). as this is too far north for cacao cultivation (Bruman 1945. although in constant demand (for cooking.306 m). [24] It is in Latt.118 feet (4. Pto de Matanchel = Ensenada Matenchén. Not to be confused with Chametla in lat. Hence to Celagua 8 leagues. [24] The Pacific coast of Mexico was reached by the captains of Hernán Cortés in 1522. [23] Here the Spaniards builde Ships. http://publishing. meaning cattle pens made with upright posts. It was the principal port of New Galicia and the principal supply port for Franciscan missions in Alta California. all the Coasts full of Cocao walkes and Stantions. "the Spanish main. three miles southeast of San Bias. at Bahía Banderas.302 m). Hence begin the high hills called los Motines wch stretch near 30 leagues.

― 65 ― Image not available. compiled about 1620. Chart 10 Ystapa = Ixtapa. a few overland routes were used regularly as well. neither are the Spaniards themselves in a fitt posture to resist them if they were headed by a few resolute men but they have so bauked these poor Innocent people that they dare not think of fredome for fear of greater Thraldome. to Mexico City one would pass through. wch is a peculiar privilige it hath for no other port dares trade to any parts of the East Indies butt from hence. where is a path leading to a towne soe called. [27] To go from Acapulco. in order.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . served as a port of refuge for Manila galleons. Chart 11 The pitch hill —containing deposits of bitumen. Hence to the Port of Acapulco is 8 leagues.chunk.id=0. Chart 9 Puerto de Navidad = Barra de Navidad. The fore going Coast I have discribed from the Originall of Don Melchor.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. One of the most important of these land routes extended from Acapulco to Mexico City and then on to Veracruz on the Gulf of Mexico. the Tezcatec. [27] This port is an exellent good harbour where a Ship may ride [26] Although most of the traffic from and to Acapulco was seaborne.A Buccaneer's Atlas ― 63 ― Image not available. * Acapulco http://publishing. Morro Petaplan = Morro de Petalán. Tepuztec. Puerto de Celagua —a small bay within the Bahía de Manzanillo. and Tuxtex areas to reach the Land of the Aztecs (Nahuatl). which is in the Tepeixtec country. ― 67 ― Image not available. northernmost Pacific port in New Spain. W. 640 feet (195 m). ― 64 ― Hence the land runnes even and Indiferent high 16 leagues to the towne of Ystapa and hence EbS 20 leagues to Morro de Petaplan. It is the place from whence the Spaniard embarques from Mexico for China and the fillipines. Tetas de Cuaca = Cerro Tetas de Coyuca.doc. Puerto Bello. discovered in 1523. [25] [25] Ringrose almost certainly derived the information and charts north of Acapulco from the derioteros of Fray Antonio de Ascensión and Gerónimo Martín Palacios. The convoy was known as the flota . This latter area was the focus of the Spanish conquest under Cortés and became the administrative center of New Spain. Thus goods from the Far East reached Spain by a combination of sea and land routes. From Veracruz goods were shipped by vessels that plied between that port. Don Melchor may have been General Melchor Fernández de Córdoba. Rio Sacatuli = Río Zacatula. Ziguatenejo = Bahía de Zihuatancjo. and Havana to Seville several times a year. which empties into Bahía Petacalco. personal communication). all along a sandy bay and even land. Los Motines —the rugged coast of Michoacán. after Acapulco was chosen as the eastern base for galleons instead of Navidad (Gerhard 1960. Puerto de Acapulco = Bahía de Acapulco. 46).200 feet (366 m). Mathes. ― 66 ― Acapulco is a greate port of trade.cdlib. 'tetas' (breasts) referring to two distinct conical summits of 1. so named for a 1533 mutiny ('motín') that took place there. useful for caulking ships' hulls. in command at Acapulco at the time of the Dutch raid on the town in 1615 (W. [26] It is distant above 80 leagues from ye City of Mexico and all goods are carryed on mules though it is a very ill way and they pass through 4 severall nations of Indians who want but Encouragement to cast of the yoake of there tiranicall masters. Cartagena. Puerto de Supan = Bahía Manzanillo.

and hinder part a lion: it was supposed to watch over gold mines and hidden treasures. If one would Enter into this port it is best to bring the hill Cuaca N 1/2 Easterly from you. Asterisks here and in subsequent transcriptions indicate words added or amended by "Black" (see pp. however. 200 miles (320 km) long. a mythical creature. In his waggoners. Valdivia. the finest harbor on the Pacific coast of Mexico. n. Chiloe (101). The Tartar Shoals lie just off "Las Barancas" and are symbolized but not named above. * 7 Leagues * Bajos Morro Hermoso = Morro Hermoso. fort = Fuerte de San Diego de Acapulco. Those men who are condemn'd [28] See Chart 11. Out of 107 of Ringrose's charts. it is in the shape of a five-pointed star. only fifteen show soundings. 16°01' N. is now named Punta Grifo. Santo Domingo (77). http://publishing.chunk. Chule (83). Galápagos. (See also Chart 13 text. and Chiloe (single sounding). You may know this port by its high land for it is all low both to East & west of it and all along both wayes for Severall leagues sandy bayes. 16°50' N). 837 feet (255 m) ('hermoso' = beautiful). Chart 12 Rio de Naguala = Río Papagayo ('papagayo' = parrot. Gulf of Nicoya (31). Rio de Taclamana Las barancas* or broken ground = Cordillera de El Fuerte.159 m). Though it can be seen clearly in the view of Acapulco on p. ― 68 ― Secure from all winds and weather. Constructed in 1616 to defend the area against English pirates. Presumably. Bay of Icacos * 2 leagues Marquese = Puerto Marqués. * 5 Leages NW & SE Pisqueria de Don Garcia —on Río Nexpa. This is the first. * 16. Santa Barbara (47). Founded in 1550 by the Spanish. Pta Galera = Punta Galera. Rio Verde = Río Atoyac or Verde. E & W Acapulco Griffo —'grifo' = griffin.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. the rock has either been demolished or a sea passage between the rock and the point no longer exists. on today's charts no rock is located in this position (nor is the rock Griffo off Concepción on Chart 98 identified on modern charts). not by Ringrose).A Buccaneer's Atlas = Acapulco de Juárez (Lat. Albemarle (107. The towne consists of aboute 120 famelyes and hath for its defence a Castle of 12 gunns though if they should on a sudden bee attaqued I am certain that they have not Artists to work them. at Punta Acamama. 41 and 43). 625 feet (191 m).cdlib. the first of which arrived in 1573. then bear in to the South East of the Island wch is at the mouth of the harbour & have a care of Coming too near Griffo [28] but if the wind should bee northerly then you may goe to westward of the Greate Island and if you please securely anchor betweene the 3 d Island and the maine. 264." ― 69 ― Image not available. Valparaíso (95).00 Lat. Two leagues to East South East is Puerto del Marquese a very good port and good watering and wooding and here are two or three houses of Indians who live by fishing.800 feet (1. . "Griffo.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Punta Hequira (37). the point of land immediately below. though he mentions depths frequently in the textual notes on each chart. Valdivia (200). it was the American terminus of the Manila galleon. Gulf of Guayaquil (55). San Miguel (23). Coquimbo (single sounding).doc. The Port of Acapulco is in North Latt. North = Lat. the others being charts of Acahutla (21). Concepción.id=0. * 6 Leagues NE & SW Cerillo de Taclamana = Cerro del Coacoyal. Hack shows soundings only for Guayaquil. whose fore part resembles an eagle. with a long history of Indian occupation. macaw).) * 8 Leag. Amapal (24). with peaks to 3. Concepción (98).

There is a good watering river 2 leagues N." ― 73 ― Image not available. ffrom Naguala to the fishing place of Don Garcia S.v. See Flores Mata 1971.A Buccaneer's Atlas ― 70 ― as Robbers att Mexico are sent in Irons to Acapulco & soe kept in the Castle till such time as Ships goe to China or fflilipines and soe are to Serve some years in those places as Soldiers. pretty high land and in the way severall shoales a good mile from Shore & [29] For a discussion of Spanish treatment of Indians in the New World. This is a bay.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. wind blowes. 1/2 a league more then its west. Many mangrove[30] trees [30] Several species of mangrove—red (Rhizophora mangle ). ffrom Escondido to Rio Masias is 8 leagues. Rio de Agua duce = Río Sicatela ('agua dulce' = sweet water). ffrom this hill to the river of Taclamana is 2 leagues. 'piedra blanca' = white rock). It is good watering at the river on the maine and here live Indians with a ffriar. white (Laguncularia racemosa ). 15°39' N. Eastward from the port of Marquese are 2 or 3 Islands with Some Indian fishing houses on them. * 6 Leagues Rio de Masias = Río Colotepec. Mangrove was used by mariners as a source of firewood and by settlers for tanning.id=0. Chart 13 Morro Hermoso —see Chart 12 n. is 5 leagues. http://publishing. A little SE from it is a hilly Island 2 mile from the maine Called Alcatraces.doc. "Manglar. and button (Conocarpus erecta )—are found along the tropical coast of Central America in intertidal zones. from it which in rainy times doth overflow almost all the way to Masias soe that a mile in ye sea you may take up fresh water. Puerto de los Angelos = Puerto Angel. MacLeod 1973. Puerto Escondido = Bahía Escondido ('escondido' = hidden). Here live 15 or 20 Indian Slaves [29] to dry fish. ffrom Taclamana to Pta Galera is 8 leages. ffrom this place of Don Garcia to el Cerillo is SEbE 6 leagues all along even land and sandy bay.E. map. ffrom Masias to Rio Galera is 18 leagues. all mountenous & wild Country full of Greate & little bayes but no port. It is a bold shore. It is the only Port from Marquese. ffrom Hermoso to the port Escondido is 8 leagues. ― 71 ― Image not available.W. It is smoothest when the N. ffrom Pta Galera to Morro Hermoso is 7 leagues mountienous and full of rocks.W. and s. This is an Exellent Port and well peopled with Indians but much troubled wth Calmes. the western limit of Golfo de Tehuantepec. * Lat. N. Villamarín and Villamarín 1975.chunk. Rio Galera = Río Tonameca. Here is a roade leading to very greate Cittys & townes in the Country. It is a small rounde hill close to Sea shore.cdlib. From La marquese to the river of Naguala is 6 1/2 Leagues. Here doe live 5 or 6 Indians to fish. its East point butting into the sea. and Sherman 1979. black (Avicennia germinans ). all Even land and Sandy bay. Baho Isla de Alcatraces = Isla Alcatraz or Piedra Blanca ('alcatraz' = pelican. = Lat. only one or two fishers houses who from hence have a good path to Acapulco.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . It is a smooth & good port and here is good wooding & watering. see Sauer 1966. a small River. ― 72 ― ffor 2 leagues out you have scarse 2 fathom water. near the mouth of Río Grande (unnamed above).

: The coast here runs WNW. were important trade items in the Americas. Isla de la brea —'brea' = tar. where there is a complex forest of deciduous and coniferous trees. He reached home in September 1580. ffrom the port of Angells to Guatulco is 16 leagues. he burned and sank nineteen ships and.) ― 75 ― Image not available. This is as good a port as it is famous for it is seldome without shiping in it. This island has a remarkable appearance.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. (See Gerhard 1960. and the best harbor between Amapala and Acapulco.id=0. along this coast such wood probably came from the uplands. thinking it prudent not to return the way he had come. off Cape San Lucas.[31] ffrom Galera to the Port of Angells is 6 leagues. In April he landed at Guatulco." "Bosque. 1577-80. "Selva. having circumnavigated the globe in two years and fifty days. not Sir). See Flores Mata 1971.doc.cdlib. Cerillo —an unnamed hill. At the Island Sacrificio on the maine side is secure riding from all winds & here you may wood & water and exellent pearle are found in 6 or 7 fathome water. He returned home with his plunder in September 1588. [31] Wood suitable for masts was of great importance. or asphalt. In some places good masts may bee had. 769 feet (234 m). Rio Caluca = Río Tayuta. http://publishing. which was carrying a cargo of immense value. Isla de Caluca = Isla Cacaluta. map. especially oaks and pines. [33] This incident occurred during Drake's voyage of circumnavigation in the Golden Hind . Cruising along the coasts of Chile. * N. Having spent some months terrorizing Spanish coastal settlements and shipping off Chile and Peru—taking in the process an enormous amount of plunder—he decided to turn north in March 1579. mainly to obtain water and provisions but also to lade his ship with silver. the third circumnavigator of the globe. 81-94. the Bahía Santa Cruz of colonial times. Chart 15 Rio de Simatlan = Río Ayuta. It is a very good port but hath neither wood nor water.chunk. Hence to Caleta is 2 leagues. sailed from Plymouth in July 1586 with three small vessels. the first seaport to be developed on Mexico's Pacific coast. Here are aboute 20 houses. In the way are severall rivers & Islands. (See Gerhard 1960. He then sailed north again. especially cattle. near Mexico City. It is in North latt. but Mister . 15°45' N. its top being covered with bushes. Isla de Sacraficio = Isla de Sacrificios. Guatulco is famously knowne by its being once taken by Sr francis Drake in the yeare 1579 who in one house took a bushell of mony [33] and also a second time taken & burnt by Sr Thomas Candish in the yeare 1587 [34] but it hath been alwaise famous in being the port to wch from Mexico they send all such goods as they designe for Piru.v. captured the Manila galleon Santa Ana . 60-77. Puerto de Guatulco = Puerto Guatulco. and s." [32] Hides and tallow and other products from domesticated animals.A Buccaneer's Atlas Chart 14 Calera Rio Galera Rto Cayula = Río Coyula. Lat . pitch. ― 74 ― and rocky points. Rio Capolito = Río Capulita. [32] When you enter you must keep to Eastward of a rock & shoale.) [34] Thomas Cavendish (or Candish. Have a greate care of 4 or 5 rocks wch lye out from its East pointe. = Lat. It hath greate trading to it for its hides & tallow and sends Goods to Los Angelos and Mexico by land. Isla Tangola = Isla Tangola-Tangola. "Los Angelos" here refers to modern Puebla. resting and refitting at "New Albion" (somewhere near San Francisco Bay) before setting off across the Pacific in July 1579. Rio tangola —at Bahía Tangola-Tangola. Peru. and Mexico.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .

― 78 ― port is the place from whence many Comoditys are sent allong the South sea [36] coast to the greate Enriching of this towne wch doth containe aboute 50 houses. It is distant from Salinas 2 leagues. Rio de ffequantepeque = Río Tehuantepec.A Buccaneer's Atlas Pta de Ayutla = Punta Ayuta. Thence to Mosquitos is 8 leagues all along shallow water. Thence to Salinas 4 leagues. It is the pointe of the Gulfe of ffequintepeque. Thence to Estata is 5 leagues. Morro Masattlan = Punta Chipeque. las Salinas = Bahía Salina Cruz. ― 76 ― It is also the seaport to the greate citys Coxaca & Arato. Barra de [Mosquitos (continued on lower chart)] = Barra de San Francisco.doc. the James II copy. 12: "This Port is Call'd Ventosa by reason the wind blows stronger Continually there then in all the Gulfe & it lies in the Middle. It is a small [36] The "South sea" = Pacific Ocean.cdlib. It is all along high mountenous land. Hence to Morro de Masattlan is 3 leagues. p. 1 n. [37] The "North Sea" = Atlantic Ocean. It is all low land (only the hill Carbon) in many places drowned. Hack f. On its west side is a hill Called Buffadore because of the noise the sea makes against it. 500 feet (152 m). from hence 5 or 6 leagues is the greate towne of ffequantepeque a bishops sea [39] a very rich place and all along here very populous and greate store of Perle along the Coaste. This [35] The Spanish bufadero means spouting horn or blowhole. ― 77 ― Image not available. ffrom Guatulco to Capolito is 4 leagues. Bishops Bay = Bahía Astata.chunk. Thence to Simatlan is 3 leagues. Rio Estata Bishops Towne = Santiago Astata = Guamalula. 700 feet (213 m).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Estata Morro Bamba —a remarkable dome-shaped bluff at Bahía de Bamba. [39] "Sea" = see. 2. p. 150 feet (46 m). therfore keep at least 2 leagues off with a greate ship and send small boates in if you have Occation. The best anchorage is on the west side due South from the towne wch Containes 150 houses & a large Church. See Introduction. ffrom Estata to Morro Bamba is 4 leagues. Chart 16 Morro de Carbon = Cerro Morro. The bay of ffequantepeque is a good port but much Subict to North winds & for yt is Dangerous. Rio Masattlan —at Bahía Mazatán. Mosquitos Anegadizas —'anegadiza' = subject to frequent flooding. 5 n. ffrom Mosquitos to Vernal is 7 leagues.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. not above 3 or 4 Spaniards who lord it amongst them.id=0. or territory under a bishop's administration. [35] If you would enter this port keep west from Tangola till the midle of the port bee due north then saile in. ffrom Salinas to ffequantepeque river is 6 leagues. [38] See Introduction. a bold dark cliff with a knife-edged ridge. one fathom under high water marke. ― 79 ― http://publishing. 1. from Coxaca 59. At the west end of it is a shole 2 miles of Shore. from Arato 35 leagues. It is from Mexico 65 leagues. It hath 4 churches and at least 300 houses and all aboute it are stantions of beeves. Thence to Pta Ayutla 2 leagues. Ventosa = Bahía Ventosa ('ventosa' = windy). On the seaside is a large Indian towne. all high mountenous land. Merchants who trade from the North Sea [37] come up the River Guasaqualpo in barks[38] and thence hawl but 13 leagues hether wch is a good roade soe that waggons pass it. The Country here aboute is very populous. ffrom Vernall to Encomienda is 5 leagues." Hack folio numbers here and in subsequent annotations refer to W8 . It seems from Eastward to bee a greate many hills. 4 leagues within land is the great towne Called el Obispo. keeping in equall distance both points.

Out of this Citty the Spaniard vapours [42] he can muster 4000 Castilians [43] but Certainely if hee were to show a quarter of them hee must be forst to borrow halfe that quarter from neigh-bouring townes. in descending order. zambo. "La Encomienda.200 and 14. The two highest have each of them a river right against them. Hack f.id=0. Some of these volcanoes are still active. Volcan de Soconusco = Sierra de Soconusco. *Lat . 11.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. and on 'hacienda. mulatto—mixed white and black. mestizo—mixed white and Indian. These are two wonderfull high mangrove trees wch may bee seen a greate way into the Sea. ― 81 ― Image not available.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .000 m). especially soldiers." [41] The Pacific margin of Central America has numerous volcanoes. 3. These Volcans send out smoake some times. it is made with trees & may be seen at a great distance when you are of at sea.doc. Chart 18 Las Amilpas [second word deleted]— two volcanos. [40] On Chart 17A this feature is depicted by the stylized formée cross.310 feet (3. see Chevalier (1963). ffrom the Volcan of Soconusco to the Volcans of the Amilpas is 12 leagues. a very high land and 2 or 3 leagues from the sea.chunk. in shew like a sugar loafe. collectively known as Peninsulares. Hence to Sacatapeque is 6 leagues. 12. Chart 17 Cerro de Vernal = Cerro San Bernardo. [43] Native-born Spaniards. occupied the highest social rank in the New World. for every of these Volcans take the name of a towne near them. and Negro (Mörner 1967. = Lat. Here & there a sandy bay full of points & Creeks. ― 80 ― hill with a savana on it in forme of a cross. the higher one is called Tacana.309 m).850 feet (3. Behind this mountaine is the greate City of Guatemala. This Volcan Continually throwes out fire but most in the rainy Season for the raine falling makes it burn with more vehemence. granted to Spanish colonists. 10. n. Volcan de Sapoticlan —an unnamed volcano. were Creole—white. ffrom Atittlan to Las Anabacas is 4 leagues. 15: "This Mount is Call'd Encomienda by reason of the Great Cross that stands upon it.cdlib. 58-60). [40] You may anchor in any part of the Coast aboute and from this place doth begin the high Volcanous hills.034 feet (925 m). The coast runnes all along here NW & SE. From hence to barra de Estapa is 8 leagues.' or great estate.467 feet (3. Volcan de Sacatapeque [Atittlan deleted] = Volcán Santa María. See Chart 17. [42] "Vapours" = boasts.A Buccaneer's Atlas Image not available. 15°54' N.000 feet (3.416 and 4. http://publishing. Rio de Soconusco —at Barra de Soconusco. ― 82 ― ffrom Sacatepeque to Attittlan is 7 leagues.270 m). This volcan throwes out much smoake and to the Eastward of it there is a river of good water but hard getting of for there is no port." On 'encomienda. born in the New World. Below these. some with peaks exceeding 13. Attittlan is a townes name also. This is a very greate mountaine casting out smoake.000 feet (4. together with its inhabitants. ffrom Amilpas to the Volcan of Sapoteclan is 7 leagues. [41] The first is the Volcan of Soconusco distant 7 leagues. The Coast runnes SEbE. 14 leagues from the Sea port though not from the sea side. 10.802 m). mixed Indian and black. Neare to this Volcan is the towne of Soconusco wch is 6 leagues up the river of the same name wch falls into the sea a league to SE of the Volcan. Indian. ffrom Anabacas to the fiery Volcan of Guatemala is 8 leagues. La Encomienda —an 'encomienda' was Indian land. 4 or 5 leagues up the river. but it is a greate place and a bishoprick.144 m).' see Zavala (1935) and Simpson (1929).

976 m). Crossing the roade.[45] hath 5 parrishes.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. and Cerro Tecuamburro. all very artificiall. Sierra de Paneca = Cerro Grande de Apaneca. Las Anabacas —'baca' = laurel. Volcan de Sonsonate = Volcán Santa Ana.562 m).doc. It lyes North of the roade 1/2 a league from Paneca. it is estimated that in 1650 Hispaniola had a population of 100. most ware houses. to each house. Chart 19 Bolcan de Atittlan = Volcán Atitlán.100 feet (1. [45] On distance. From the city it is 2 leagues in the high roade to Nabiscalco.000. most very large. It is governed by a teniente under the Command of the Governour of Trinidad. 19: "This hill burst & out of it came aboundance of Sulphur which did great damage to the Citty of Guatimala. Rio Sonsonate = Río Grande de Sonsonate. Thence to the Greate towne of Paneca is 3 leagues.300 feet (2. Southward. a village of 20 or 25 houses. all the Coaste low land at the sea side being mangroves. Cuba 30. ― 84 ― This Estapa is the port of Guatamala.531 m).chunk.942 m). tree of the genus 'Laurus. see Notes on Conventions. is the towne of Sta Domingo. but withinland extreame high as Paneca wch is the highest land but one of all this coaste and Casts out much smoake. or pigpen. From this port to the river of Sonsonate is 26 leagues. 6.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .[44] At the sea side are aboute 30 houses. ― 85 ― Image not available.537 m).597 feet (3." * Vulcan de Ventocuagua = Volcán de Agua. 8. Acahutla is the Village scituate to westward of Pun ta de los remedios. p. Los Esclavos = Cerro Gavia.931 m). 6.' or bay tree. ― 87 ― http://publishing. it being a port to many greate townes and Villages of note and fame as shall bee next seen and is in north latt. Hack f.753 m). and other islands smaller numbers. from either the Spanish corral or the Dutch kraal . *Rio Salado = Río San Pedro. from it 2 leagues & from Trinidad 6 1/2 leagues. it hath better then 100 large houses and most rich people.A Buccaneer's Atlas ― 83 ― Image not available. Chart 20 Barra de Estapa = Puerto de Istapa. . Volcan de Rumbado = Volcán Pacaya. ― 86 ― This ffamous port leades to a Contry as populos as any part of the Spanish dominions in the west Indies. 13. 'esclavo' = slave. It consists of neare 200 ffamilyes.000 Barbados 40.335 feet (1.368 feet (1. aboute 400 familyes.cdlib. totaling about a quarter million for the West Indies (McEvedy and Jones 1978). The whole Contry besides is every where filld with sugar works & stantions of beeves & Craules[46] of hogs. Southward of this towne is Sta Lucia of 30 or 40 houses. 12.id=0. 11. The Coaste runnes between these 2 ports EbS & WbN. [46] "Craule" = crawl. xiii.036 feet (3.860 m). At the City [44] For comparison. Ye river of Montecabo is a fresh river & good port and also the other river 3 leagues to Eastward of Estapa hath 3 fathom water at the barre. Guasacapa * Rio Monticalco de los Esclavos = Río Esclavos. a place of greate trade and Comerse and here is a small Village of Indians but all the country here aboute is very populous of Indians who are most slaves to the Spaniards of Guatemala.306 feet (3.000. From the port to the City of Trinidad is near 6 English leagues. then to Salcatican another like Village 4 mile. 8. 6. Bolcan de Guatemala = Volcán Acatenango. spatious walks & Gardens of pleasure.400 feet (2. a place of the greateste traffick in all these parts.

& to St Miguel 4. Chart 21 Sierra de Paneca = Cerro Grande de Apaneca. Storehouse or Acahutla Rio Salada = Río San Pedro.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.328 feet (1. All along the coast here is very high land. ta de los Remedios = Punta Remedios. All these pay homage to Trinidad.cdlib.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . founded 1524. One of the main exports of this area is Peruvian balsam. to Araguaiquin 4 more. Thence to Volcan de Sacatelupa is 10 leagues. The King's path from Guatemala —now part of the Inter-American Highway.794 feet (1. Port of Acahutla = Acajutla.040 feet (2. 'Myroxylon perierae. 7. about 70 famelyes. Sto Domingo = Santo Domingo. ― 90 ― Place to Salvadore is 5 leagues. P ― 88 ― Trinidad is a large bridge crossing the river of Sonsonate & 2 leagues from it is a Village Called Tovisalco & from thence Eastward out of the roade is the towne of Caldeo. Sta Lucia = Guayamango. When you are right of the port of Sonsonate you have the land and Valley of Salvador open where stands a small towne called Guaymoco. a product of a tree grown in tropical America. Chart 22 Volan de los Ysacos = Volcán Isalco.doc. In the river Lempa thence lyeth a boate which is to Cary over passengers [47] and from the river to St Miguels is 18 English leagues viz: ffrom the river to Liquilisco 4 leagues. de Pallo de Guete trapiche del rey To: bisalco Obraje del Rey —'the king's trading station. There is some trade from Mexeco to Sonsonate and also from the port Cavallos on the North Sea. City of Trinidad = Sonsonate.id=0. Bernerdillo * Moncalco Volcan de San Salvador = Volcán Salvador. From hence doth begin the faire Con-trey of St Miguels. to Osolien 3 more. Under these hills is a stoney hill Called Vernall. Paneca = Apaneca.' an expectorant and stomachic (digestive tonic). 5. Sierra de la Balsama = Costa de Bálsamo. ffrom Sonsonate to Volcan de Ysacos is 3 leagues and from yt ― 89 ― Image not available.A Buccaneer's Atlas Image not available. Volcan de Sacatelupa = Volcán Vicente. The best anchorage is in 12 fathom right off from the river. from the Volcan of Sonsonate to Sierra de la Paneca NW is 3 leagues. Hence to Rio de lempa 2 leagues.chunk. Salcatican = Salcoatitán. Naliscalco = Nahuizalco. to Sta Maria 3 more. & the towne of Sonsonate though in bigness & riches little inferiour to the City it selfe.140 m). Volcan de Sonsonate = Volcán Santa Ana.761 m). 6. a rich towne. Caldes ? Trape. This is a very pleasant Contry delighting the eye and filling the purse of the Industrious Inhabitant. It is a greate place of 7 t http://publishing. This Volcan throwes out much smoake and is as bigge as St Miguel.930 m). Trap: de Pineda Obraje de Geronomo del Dna Pena Obraje de Don Melchor Obraje de J n de Cojeres Tra. The Chiefe Comoditye along this coast is Cocao. de Carosco Pescadores —a fishing village ('pescador' = fisherman). Rio de Sonsonate = Río Grande de Sonsonate.

Hack's valley of Tecapa (f. A Creek to build or Careene greate Ships in = Estero Grande. In it are 2 Islands well peopled by Indians which are Conchava and Miangola. Diego Garsia Capt Alvarez Isla del Esperitu Sto = Isla El Espíritu Santo ('espíritu santo' = holy spirit).cdlib. ― 92 ― Thence to the river of St Miguil is 5 leagues. probably barter. Fon Dionisio = San Dionisio. In the wide Creek have been built Ships of 7 or 800 tunne. Sta Maria = Santa María.A Buccaneer's Atlas Churches and more then 600 ffamelyes. Miguel = the Inter-American Highway.300 feet (1. Rio de San Miguel = Río Grande de San Miguel. The Earth yealdeth forth her fruits without the help of man in many places. ffrom Rio de lempa to Barra de hibaltique is 13 Leagues. San Miguel = San Miguel. Negrillos http://publishing. Capt Morales Crene = Puerto El Triunfo. it hath aboute 30 houses.chunk. Barra de hibaltique = Bajos Lempa. The towne of Amapall Consists of aboute 100 houses. 6. At the mouth of this river at low water you have 2 fathom in Entrance.528 m)." Volcan de Silottlan = Volcán Jucuapa.921 m). is governed by a Teniente under the President of Guatemala. This is a greate place for building of ships. Keep the Volcan due North of you and you need not feare any thing. There is another village at the bottome of the bay called Chuluteca.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Volcan de San Miguel = Volcán San Miguel.183 m). not above 2 Spaniards amongst them. 24): "Vulcan a small Mount of Tecapa which casteth out of a hole on the top of it (Brimstan) & ebbs & flows like the tyde. There are many more Islands but because they are not Inhabitted I pass by them but it is deep water aboute them all. Cerros de Mondeo Liquilisco = Jiquilisco. ― 93 ― Image not available. Rio de Lempa = Río Lempa. Araguaiquin = Erequaiquin. Isla de Palmares = Isla de Samuria. X—a ferry across the river (see p. The Countrey is very plentifull of all things necessary for man. St Juan de Goso = Península de San Juan del Gozo. Isla de Socaran = Isla San Sebastián. Behind the Volcan the River S Miguel makes a greate lagoone whose borders are very well peopled. 5. hides & all sorts of provisions. 3. Volcançillo de tecapa = Volcán Tecapa.010 feet (1. Tallow. The Guile of ffonceca is 9 leagues deep & 4 wide at its mouth. [47] This ferry is indicated by an X on Chart 23. Chart 23 Volcan de Tecapa = Volcán Taburecte.id=0.doc. hath greate Traffick for its Cocao. Chart 24 Chuluteca = Choluteca. 5. Quantepeque Guanas Lateca Lamiangola = Isla Meanguera.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .720 m).880 feet (1. Osolien = Usulután.640 feet (1. ― 91 ― Image not available. They live by gathering of provision wch they truck [48] for necessarys when any ship comes to them but then the slye Spaniard will [48] "Truck" = trade. The kings roade to the City of St . 90 text).

wch consists of 150 houses.860 feet (872 m). leave the biggest of the two Islands on your Starboard side (this Island is all Savana) and when you are within it give a Good birth to the land on Larbourde side and Saile direct for the anchoring place wch is 3 leagues from the towne. Pta de Cosivina = Punta Coseguina. but it is a very bold Coast. but there Insupportable crueltyes to these poor natives I hope in due time will reach the allmightyes ear. 1. . Further within land 3 leagues is the towne Vexo. also they build vessells here. It hath its Particular Governour and is a very populous place. a place of very greate trade and Comerse from most parts of the South Sea. founded in 1833. Don Pedro de Ginea Way to St Miguel—see Chart 23 n.A Buccaneer's Atlas Maçanpique = Isla Punta Zacate.chunk. Amapall = La Unión. 2. the main Pacific port of Honduras. If you would enter. wch is 2 leagues from a river wch Comes from amapall and barques Come up with goods to there path side and there lade & unlade. 5. observe that the white cliffs are not on Messa de roldan but on the ― 95 ― Image not available. Rio Estero Astillero de Avila Astellero de Padron = Estero Padre Ramos. = Lat.doc. Pto de Martin Lopez = Estero Padre Ramos. Cosuvina is a very high hill with a flatt Savana on the top of it. At its foot are 2 rocks a Gunshott from Shore.cdlib. the way to Vejo from Amapall Top of the port of Martin Lopez wch is 4 leagues SE from it. This hill is 6 leagues long and it makes the East point of the Gulfe of Amapall. Golfo de Amapal or Fonceca = Golfo de Fonseca. ― 97 ― Image not available. The whole coast runes NW and SE. This should not be confused with Amapala.033 feet (315 m). This is a safe port from all winds. the main port of El Salvador. [49] Lighterage. Chart 26 Veigho = El Viejo ('the old one'). but faile not to cheate them themselves of a of what they intrust them with.670 feet (1. and from that port to the harbour of Realejo is 4 http://publishing. SE 2 leagues in Messa de Roldan on whose top is severall white Cliffs. the people very rich.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.) Volcan de Veho = Volcán Viejo. Condadillo = Estero El Tamarindo. a town. [49] The Port of Realejo is in north latt. Chart 25 La Cosubina = Volcán Cosiguina. Messa de Roldan = Cerro Roldán. ― 96 ― leagues. who will open the hearte of a more christian prince to deliver this people and drive away these Catterpillers from there superbous seats of Lazyness.729 m).id=0. 13°18' N.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . on Isla Tigre. Were it not for this Shift the lazy Spaniard could not grow soe rich. and its port is very seldome withoute 4 or 5 saile in it. was employed on this coast where shallow water prevented more direct ship access. *Amapal Lat N . Concava = Isla Conchagua. ('Vexo' in Chart 26 text. with a crater lake. as described here. ― 94 ― not suffer them to trade but trade for them under pretence that strangers mighte cheate them.

27) makes it clear that the object in the river top left (near Veigho ) is a ship coming from Amapal or Fonseca. [53] "Papagayo" is the local name for strong northerly winds. The city of León was founded in 1524. [53] From this Gulfe you see within land the greate Volcan of Granada and nearer the Sea the Volcan of Bombache.[52] an ill place to goe a shore in and a worse place to ride in. all high land and greate sea and a very windy Coaste. [51] "Iron shore" = a rocky and steep-to coast without anchorage. Volcan de Leon = Volcán Las Pilas. of Punta Catalina (Cabo Santa Elena).061 m). Rio de Nta Snra Baya de Boracho Passo de Cavallo = Estero Paso Caballos ('paso caballos' = horse crossing). Mossa de Sutraba Volcan de Telica = Volcán Telica.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . It is soe windy but expetially from September till Aprill. They say there are 11 churches in Leon and above 4000 houses and its inhabitants very rich. It is a very high mountaine. bringing rain and high seas to the Pacific coast of Central America.A Buccaneer's Atlas Realejo = El Realejo = Puerto de La Posesión = Corinto. ― 98 ― ffrom Realexo to Rio Tosta is 3 leagues. is scituate the greate City Called Leon. ― 100 ― ffrom Volcan de leon to Messa de Mariane is 2 leagues & ffrom thence to the port of Sta Joana is 5 leagues. [50] Hence to Messa de Sutraba is 6 leagues. This river is sometimes dry. but if it were not yett the Sea runes soe high that noe one can land neare it.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. [50] Cyclonic tropical storms originating in the Atlantic sometimes cross the narrow isthmus in the summer. Nuebo anño = Barrio Nuevo ('new quarter').081 m). *Realejo Lat N = Lat. In the midst of the gulfe is a fresh river but the sea soe high that it is dangerous adventuring to land in it. ― 99 ― Image not available.cdlib. and beyond this hill. Hack (f. In this port are Ships Continually building but here runnes a greate Sea to the utter hinderance of any boates going a shoare unless by a greate chance.[51] ffrom thence to Volcan de leon is 5 leagues. Estero Sta Clara Estero de Suciagua ?Rio Samadio Estero de Los Asseradores = Estero de Aserradores ('aserrador' = sawyer). ruled by a Governour. Chart 27 Coma de Tosta = Loma Santa Lucía. 3.id=0. wch are times for the north winde.478 feet (1.543 feet (1. more within land. 3. 12°33' N. ffrom thence to Volcan de Telica is 4 leagues.doc. distant from the sea 4 1/2 leagues. This Volcan also throweth out very much smoake. both casting out much smoake. Over the point Catalina is the Greate Volcan of Papagayo but that doth not throw out much smoake. which sometimes reach gale force in January and http://publishing. 29). From this city the mountaine taketh its name. Rio Tosta = Río El Tamarindo. Bocachica ?Cegtanon = Isla del Cardón. From hence to p ta Catalina is 15 leagues SSE and betweene them is the greate bay of Papagayo. [52] Golfo del Papagayo now refers to the bay south. This Catalina is a very high p t & mountenous. This Volcan Throwes out much smoake and the Coast is very mountenous and very windy and no good port but all along an Iron shore. not north.chunk. los Asseradores = Isla de Aserradores. Manila galleons were built here before 1585 (Gerhard 1960.

Here is no Port for a ship. Chart 30 At the end of this p ta Catalina are 2 small Islands and ffrom hence to the Port de Velas is 9 leagues.cdlib. ― 104 ― ffrom this Morro Hermoso to Cape de Guyones is 8 leagues. Chart 29 Cerro de Cepancas = Cerro Santa Elena. This is a high hill butting out into the Sea and from thence it growes higher & higher within land. 10°53' N. full of Rocks but none far from land. brightly colored birds of the family 'Psittacidae. ― 103 ― Image not available. the southern point of which is called Cabo Velas (shown unnamed in chart with many offshore rocks). Puertos de Velos = Golfo de Papagayo.915 m) ('rincón de la vieja' = the old lady's nook).346 and 2. This Cape blanco it is the west cape of the Gulfe of Nicoya. Ringrose incorrectly places Golfo de Papagayo at Bahía Elena.311 m). Volcan Bombache = Volcán Mombacho. ffrom this port to Morro Hermoso is 7 leagues NNW & SSE. a league from land. 6.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Messa de Sta Juana Golfo de Papagayo = Golfo de Papagayo ('papagayo' = parrot and macaw. [54] "Vela" = sail. the northernmost point of Golfo de Papagayo (or Golfo Culebra). 5. a place much used by the Spaniard and to theire Cost used by my selfe and some other English in the yeare 1681. Pta Sta Catalina = Cabo Santa Elena *in Lat = Lat. its two highest peaks at 2. It is a very http://publishing. Messa de Mariane Lo alto de Senosop = Monte Papayal. ― 101 ― Image not available. 1. Chart 28 Volcan de Granada or de la Isla = Volcán Góngora.id=0. Puerto St Juan = Puerto San Juan del Sur. 20. Cape blanco is the highest part of all the Coaste and righte offe it is a rockey Island neare a mile from it.400 feet (427 m). with all theire tooles & made [55] See Introduction.A Buccaneer's Atlas February. over wch are the high hills of Cepancas. all along mountenous land to sea boarde.chunk.' several species of which can imitate the human voice.670 feet (1. ― 105 ― Image not available. It is a very wild Coaste.300 feet (1.doc.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .[55] Wee tooke in rio de la dispença there carpenters who were building 2 greate ships there and broughte them to the Island Chira. 4. where our ship lay.158 feet (713 and 656 m). In the way are 2 dangerous shoales. for the fuller story. it actually lies south of Cabo Santa Elena. Betweene this port of Vellas and this morro Hermoso is a little high Island 2 leagues from shore and 3 leagues from the port of Velas. ― 102 ― deep bay and at the bottom of it you may water. p.729 m). The port Opens to the westward and is called Velas[54] because of severall rocks wch from Sea boarde looke like ships under saile. From Cape de Guiones to Cape Blanco is 12 leagues. This hill takes its name from a towne soe called 4 leagues within land from this porte of aboute 40 or 50 houses of Indians & Mulattoes with negros who are slaves to some Spaniards near that place. Volcan de Papagayo = Volcán Rincón de La Vieja. buccaneers kept these birds as pets). At low water they may be seene. The Coast runnes NWbW & SEbE.280 feet (1. Pta de Sta Catalina = Cabo Santa Elena.

Path to Nicoya Rio de Mandayare = Río Morote. where wee filled water at a pond. Sto Domingo = Lepanto.doc. Rio de la Dispença del rey Berrugate = Isla Berrugate. Pta Mala is a low p t and beside that Island close to the point there is a little one 2 mile of it wch showes at distance t http://publishing.chunk. and in Rio del terpesque took 2 barques laden with tallow. On the other side is the port of Caldera where is one store house but ships bounde for Nicoya anchor at the Island Chira. ― 106 ― them worke for us till wee had taken of our ships deck and shortened our masts. Paro = Isla Pájaro ('pájaro' = bird). Golfo de Nicoya = Golfo de Nicoya = Salinas Gulf of colonial times. Called Sto Domingo. The poor Indians related the sad usage they founde under there tiranicall masters.id=0. the reason was that dureing the Time he staid here he & his Company was Sustein'd by eating Snakes & monkeys. Wee stayed in this Gulfe 16 dayes. Endiferent high land. with a saddle shape. Puerto de Solon Pta de Palmare = Punta Arenas. 104). [56] Within Pta Mala is a deep bay and good anchorage. Hack f. = Lat. Cape Blanco = Cabo Blanco. 769 feet (234 m). They formerly made Jarrs on this Island but now the Indians are ― 107 ― Image not available. Here are exellent Oysters along the bay but the Shore is full of Riffs and shoales. It is from Cape blanco to La herradura 9 leagues east & west. aboute 20 houses.[57] In the bay is a Island full of Indians. Chart 31 Rio del Tarpesque = Río Tempisque. ― 108 ― most of them run away.A Buccaneer's Atlas Morro Hermoso = Monte Hermoso. There is some hoggs on the Island. stag).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 9°33' N. We kild one and a pig. ffrom Herradura to Rio de la Estrella is 11 leagues and from thence to Canio is 5 leagues. Rio de Baranca = Río de Barranca. Rio Campele = Río San Pedro." Sa Guayervos = Isla Caballo ('caballo' = horse). a small signaling flag). Hack (f. "At the Island of Chira in this Gulfe of Nicoya Capt Sharpe Cut his ship down. *Lat. Therefore keep a good league from it. Caldera = Bahía Caldera ('caldera' = caldron). They have a chappell but when I was there ther was nothing in it. On the Island Chira a small village of Indians.cdlib. reed). Cape blanco = Cabo Blanco. from whence the towne is 10 leagues. This Island Caño I have been at it is 4 leagues SW from Pta mala. It is aboute a league rounde.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Herradura = Puerto Herradura = Point Leona. who make them work because they have nothing to pay theire tribute with. Chira = Isla Chira. 32: "Capt Sharpe Calls this the Bay of Snakes. with Isla Blanca offshore (see p. Rio de Cañas = Río Canamazo. There Sr Thomas Candish Careened in the yeare 1587. about 10 or 11 houses. The best anchorage is on the NE Side in 14 ffathom. consisting of 70 or 80 houses & theire chiefe trade is tallow & hides. 36) has no soundings. Lucar = Isla San Lucas. Cabo de guiones = Punta Guionos ('guión' = guidon. Venados = Isla Venado ('venado' = deer. ffrales = Islas Negritos. a quarter of a mile from Shore where you may wood & water well. Messa de Macolela Rio de Cartago = Río Grande. On the Cape side is a towne of Indians." Peña = Isla Bejuco ('bejuco' = rattan.

Caño = Isla del Caño ('caño'= spout. Rio de la Estrella = Río Viejo.cdlib.chunk. Pta mala = Punta Mala ('mala' = bad). and they are distant at NWbW & SEbE 9 good leagues. ― 109 ― Image not available. 1681: "In this place grows great number of Cacao trees . whereof we killed one and two pigs" ("Bucaniers of America" [JP3].[60] Here wee caught each day fish enough for 100 men soe that here wee kept hollydays. .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .doc. It is an even Country & woody from the p to Gulfo Dulce. The buccaneers were in Golfo Dulce June 6-28. This point divides Costa Rica and Panama.[61] It is good wooding and watering at very pleasant rivers." Pta Palmares = Punta Platanel ('platanal' = plantain plantation). between Punta Banco and Cabo Matapalo opposite (unnamed above). esculenta ).A Buccaneer's Atlas like a saile. 1681. Its coast is full of Riffes [62] soe that I advise to keep a league and halfe from shore. chap. From hence to Pta Burica is 5 leagues. hogs are the mature wild boar (Sus scrofa ). noting: "Capt Sharpe after that he had Cut his ship down at Chira came (here to Corene) where he had Comerce with the Natives & in memory thereof he Call'd it King CHARLES es harbour Anno 1681. utilissima ) was also cultivated. pp. Chart 33 Pta Mala = Punta Mala. and Introduction. from the Taino word caçábi . 8. n.id=0. Hack (f. The buccaneers were at Isla del Caño on April 24 and 25. his Harbour" ("Bucaniers of America" [JP3]. moreover some good hogs on shore. The Contrey is mountenous. 18). "Candishes Bay" is probably Bahía Uvita in Bahía de Coronado. [56] In this usage. There are but few of them and I beleive live here to shun the Spaniars but not soe much but they pay the halfe of what fish they Catch to the friar for a toe wch they say is 4 sleeps[59] up in the contry. 34. Wee layde our ship aground here and refitted her and founde multitude of Large Cockles here. 39) called this Sweet Gulf or King of England's Harbour and planted a large Union flag in the middle of the gulf. [59] Four or five days' journey overland. . and pigs the young. ― 111 ― Image not available. [58] See Chart 33. "Golfo Dulce".) [61] "Cockles" refers to any of several bivalve saltwater molluscs found near sandy coasts. Chart 32 Herradura —see Chart 31 n. P ― 112 ― Punta Burica is a low point running into the Sea WSW. is a tropical plant widely cultivated for its starchy tuberous root. (See JP3 . From Eastward it showes like two Islands. chap. Golfo Dulce = Golfo Dulce ('dulce' = sweet). A league within the land a river of the same name passeth by it. Cassava (genus Manihot ). sea channel). aipi. *Candishes Bay = Bahía Uvita in Bahía de Coronado (the original name is for Thomas Cavendish). ta Burica = Punta Burica. yea & from Spaniards also. 19). [60] Plantain (genus Musa ) is any bananalike tropical fruit. * Rocks of Queypo = Islas de Los Quepos. here reference is most likely to the sweet cassava (M. for the sea coast here is cleare of that vermin but here are Indians who were very ffriendly with us and came abourde with there wiles and Children. a better place by far then that of Nicoya and secure from all winds. 'estrella' = star. although the bitter cassava (M. and Ringrose related that "our Captain [Sharp] gave this gulf the name of King Charles. The towne hath http://publishing. [57] See n. but they stayed from the Spaniard soe long as wee stayed with them and wee trucked with them for honey Plantanes and Casavio roots. To East of it the land makes a long deepe bay in wch stands the towne of Chiriqui. 20-21. ― 110 ― Gulfo Dulce [58] is a very smooth good Port.

[64] The large trade center of Panama City had only a limited hinterland and so was serviced by ship from coastal towns at some distance from the city. Rio Sn ffelis = Río San Felix. would be useful for caulking and other purposes. Indico. ― 114 ― The Country heer is well peopled and there are severall fine townes & Villages and Particularly the Towne of Puiblo nuebo. in fact the word silba in Spanish means a whistling sound. [67] Larboarde = port side. [64] In the country you meet plenty of stantions and in the woods store of wild Deer [65] & hoggs.cdlib. refers here to rendered animal fat or even cocoa butter. Pitch. There I did hear it and can Liken it to a violin & Organ togeather. Pan Sucre [Sugar Loaf] = Cerro La Garita. [62] "Riffes" = reefs.chunk. * Rio ffonsica = Río Fonseca. This coaste is famous for Pearle fishing for at these Islands are hutts built for the fishers. This river of Cheriqui is very seldome withoute some ship or other in it wch brings trade to them from Panama and other places. wch is the trade of all this coast along. to larboarde [67] is a small Island Called Silva from the continuall noise like musick heard in the nighte. Rio Cheriqui = Río Chiriquí. They are but small and relish [66] A ship's "burthen" (burden) is its cargo-carrying capacity. Rio de Piedras = Río Piedra ('piedras' = stones). As you enter. which was harvested in both the East and West Indies for the production of blue dye. Pitch and tar [63] and Provisions. It is 3 leagues from the Seaside up a river in wch ships of good Burthen [66] ride. where I have tasted severall of them. [68] Although one might expect the Isla de Silva to have been named after someone called Silva (a common family name in both Spanish and Portuguese). Chart 34 Cerro de Baru = Cerro Ave María. Rio del Dupi = Río Dupí. otherwise Called La Civdad de Nra Snra de los Remedios. ― 113 ― Image not available. a bituminous substance. Rio de Chiriqui Vejo = Río Chiriquí Viejo. Yslas Secas = Islas Secas ('seca' = dry). [63] "Monteca. "Indico" is the natural leguminous herb indigo (genus lndigofera ). Los Ladrones = Islas Ladrones ('ladrones' = thieves). Puiblo de Cheriqui = Chiriquí. from trees. [65] "Deer" here refers to either the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus ) or the smaller red brocket (Mazama americana ) (Gzrimek 1972). A "tun" was a cask holding 252 English gallons of wine.A Buccaneer's Atlas aboute 50 houses in it. such as that made by passing air over a tube or between one's teeth or by the wind in the trees—which corresponds very well to the sounds made by string and wind instruments combined—a sort of humming breeze. 1. Rio Sn Juan = Río San Juan. most Indians. b and v are http://publishing.doc." from the Spanish manteca .id=0. expressed generally in tons. and tar. Isla de Muertos —'Island of the Dead. lard or grease. for I found 4 fathom at low water 1/2 a mile within its mouth. Montuosa = Isla Montuosa ('montuosa' = wooded). there is a town called Los Limones 10 miles (16 km) up the Río Chiriquí Viejo. [68] but we hear paid severe for our musick for going to this towne wee lost valiant Capt Sawkins by an Ambuscade.[69] In this river wee tooke one ship and burnt two others & at Coyba burnt another.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . In Spanish.' Rio Garache = Río Gariche.138 feet (347 m). The maine is full of wilde Deer not easily scared. 545 feet (166 m) ('garita' = sentry box). The trade here is for Monteca. Pto de Limones = La Boca de Los Espinos.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. and also Coyba. You see hence within land the greate hill of Baru at whose foot is another small towne of 40 or 50 houses.

They trade in the same Comodityes as at Cheriqui but have much greater traffick. as did Ringrose. or turtle. Rancheria = Isla Ranchería ('ranchería' = small settlement). [71] "Tortoise" is a corruption by English sailors of the French word tortue . wch the grounde produces without the help of man.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. all excellent & good. it was brought to the Americas in the sixteenth century (Standley 1928). fatt. Coyba = Isla de Coiba. 65). Boca dell Toio —at Isla Toro ('toro' = bull).cdlib.id=0. St. 41: "Capt Richard Sawkins in an atempt of takeing this town of Puebla Nucho lost his Life on Tusday the 25 th day of May 1680. cabo as cavo (W. It is very common for Spanish speakers not well founded in grammar to spell vaca as baca. [71] very large. ― 117 ― Image not available. More Eastward are many good ports and some rivers that you may Enter with your ship. p. private communication). 11. In Baya honda there is also much store of medicinall herbs. Rio Beaba Morro del Puiblo Ysla de Carillo way up the River Canales = Isla Canal de Afuera. Hack f. halfway between the hard b of boy and the soft v of victor . & more like mutton then venaison.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . though 600 tunne. Here it most probably means the green turtle (Chelonia mydas ). Quicarra = Isla Jicarón. Silva = Isla Silva de Afuera. and refers to the flesh of any hunted land animal but especially deer (see n.chunk. The bay is full of Islands but there is no feare of any place but what you see marked by mee in the Draughte of them[73] but it is all a secure coaste only you will find [70] [70] "Venaison" = venison. Herba maria is an Old World plant. known in English as costmary. http://publishing. vacante as bacante . [72] Palo maria (Callophyllum longifolia ) and herba maria (Chrysanthemum balsamita ) are referred to. Chart 35 Rio del Cobre Rio Baja Rio de Bequi Rio de Virallo Rio Biobio Baya Honda = Bahía Honda ('honda' = deep). On the island Coyba is a store of good medicinall wood Called Paula Maria and also herba maria. Pan de Sucie —see Chart 34 n. or herb Mary. for the fuller story. [69] See Introduction. Michael Mathes. sweete. much esteemed as food.A Buccaneer's Atlas pronounced exactly alike. Puiblo Nuebo = Remedios. In the river of Puiblo Nuibo they build small vessells but exellent good ones. respectively. besides here is plenty of fish. Chart 36 Rio bocubi Morro hermoso Rio Martinello = Río Martín Grande. [73] Ringrose seems to be referring to Charts 35 and 36.doc. [72] things of good prise in England. or. ― 115 ― Image not available. from this place is trasparted pitch: tallow attey & Indigo & a " ? Rioqueva Guebala ? Cardos Pordoma = Isla de Porcada. Mary's herb. ― 116 ― but the Sea affords the best meate wch is Tortoise.

where you may wood & water very well.065 feet (324 m) ('tigre' = jaguar. Rio del Torio = Río Torio. is 44 Leagues. the sea runnes soe high. 1. Rio de Filipina Pta Filipina = Punta Brava. ― 118 ― a greate Current by reason of soe many bayes & rivers in it.[76] http://publishing. * N E.cdlib. You have water in summer in the bottom of the bay but in winter you may have it as it falls from the Rocks nearer to you in a small rivulett in the Rocks. There is a good Port to Eastward of Heguera 2 leagues. ffrom Pta Burica.' Pta Meriato = Punta Mariato. Bajos Pta Heguira = Punta Guánico. Penascos Morro Puercos = Punta Morro de Puercos.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.b E.chunk. 'Panthera onca'). From the Pt Meriato to Pta Heguira is 20 leagues E and West very cleane and good Grounde. This towne of Nata is very rich and Populous. [75] wch is a well compacted large towne and hath greate trade with panama in selling them Provisions. from whence it is distant a league & halfe. Rio Meriato = Río Morillo. an open coast to the south East wind and no Shelter here. el Toro = Filos del Tigre. It is here aboute cleane good grounds and plenty of fresh water & good wood. From this Island it is 12 leagues to Nata. Rio del Tabaraba Gobernador = Isla Gobernadora ('gobernador' = governor). ― 120 ― Near Pta Mala is a greate Stantion of Don Luis Delgado [74] where may be had any thing necessary for sea fareing men. though I am Certaine they have not 50 old Spaine men in it for the mixt blood is soe dispersed that for one white you may see 100 of other sorts. Pta Mala = Cabo Mala. and if a ship have an ocation to Careene or lay ashore. * Rio Quiribibi Rio de Cascajales Los ffrailes = Islas Frailes ('fraile' = friar). it will goe hard to save your vessell or your selves.A Buccaneer's Atlas ? Rio molin Rio Penaga = Río Ponuga. but if a SE comes which makes a tempest on this Coaste. Yeguade del Cap t Luis Delgado = Pedasí ('yeguade' = stables). ― 119 ― Image not available. Rio de Qria = Río Oria. Pta de Tisira = Punta Duartes. the west point of this bay. Here are severall townes of note that are greate places and have much dealing with the North side. Cibaco = Isla Cébaco. but to Leeward of the Rocks of Pta Mala. to Pta Meriato in the East.id=0. Leones = Isla Leones. Rio de Suay = Río Suay. the Island Yguanas is as good a place as can bee on the side next the maine. Coma de Lobali Farellon de Guayca Puerto de Zuela Costa fondable —'coast fit for anchoring. Morro Puercos Pta Heguira Rio Cañas = Río de Caña ('caña' = reed).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . ffrom Heguira to Pta Mala is 9 leagues. Chart 37 Pta Meriato = Punta Mariato.doc.

eight miles south-southeast of Punta Garachine. though it could be any of several gallinaceous birds either domesticated or wild. 670 feet (204 m) (see Chart 39). nor much traffick aboute the Coaste wch at the sea side is low land but grooves very high within land.' Pta de licas = Punta Lisa ('lisa' = smooth). Cerro de San Essovall Rio grande de Meta = Río Grande. Rio de Chiru = Río Hato ('hato' = herd).id=0. I would advise every ship to keep of from the shore above 2 leagues. ? Cavnas = Río Las Guías ('guía' = guide). for they will find broken grounde and sunken rocks. was settled in 1519. Rio Chico de Nata = Río Chico. Chart 39 Cerro del Sapo —this seems to be a view from seaward of the two peaks Cerro Campana. Luis Delgado = Pedasí. Rio del Puin = Río Purío. Chart 38 Cerras de Canagua = Cerro Grande. 3. whose position. Estero Salado = Estero Salado ('salado' = salty). ? el Manbrillan = Río Membrillar ('membrillero' = quince tree. 3. but if there were there is not any port along it. Parita = Río Parita. [75] Nata. brought to the New World by the Spanish. two years before the city of Panama. ― 123 ― Image not available.200 feet (976 m). but the Coast is full of good ffresh water rivers and exellent fish wch they cary severall leagues within land.doc. Rio de la Estancia = Río Estancia ('estancia' = ranch). Boca Vieja Rio Cubita = Río de La Villa. Rio del Piazi = Río Pedasí. The real Cerro del Sapo is a hundred miles on the other side of the Gulf of Panama.chunk. [76] See n.A Buccaneer's Atlas [74] Delgado's stables (yeguade ) are mentioned on Chart 37B . native or exotic. ― 122 ― ffrom Nata the coast streaches in mountenous hills and the water shoales in such manner that there is scarse any coming in for a ship. Pta Mala = Cabo Mala. Rio de Anton = Río Antón. 43. ― 121 ― Image not available. well inland.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. La Serruzuela —the hill Cerro Cerrezuela is also called Cerro de San Essovall. can bc seen on Chart 40. 'Iguana' refers to any of several large tropical American lizards of the genus 'Iguana. marked Cerro del Sapo . http://publishing. so he must have been important. 'Cydonia oblonga'). Rio Oria = Río Oria. Rio de ffarellones = Río Farallón. Rio Chico = Río Chico ('chico' = small). Behind these hills is a Village called Sapo wence they fetch hogs and fowles [77] to Panama as they doe from all these places on this Coaste. Guarane = Río Guararé. 3.297 feet (1. Nata is the unnamed town shown above.005 m) and Cerro Trinidad. it is marked Sapo on the right-hand edge of Chart 41.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Isla de Guanas = Isla Iguana. This fishing is an Employment they putt the natives to but reward them [77] "Fowle" is presumably chicken. Rio Escovio = Río Santa Maria. Mensabe Purro = Río Mensabé.170 feet (967 m). La Serruzuela —see Chart 38n. site of the first Spanish settlement in the Gulf of Panama. La Cherrera = Río Chorrera ('chorrera' = rapids).cdlib. used for food.

first note.chunk.A Buccaneer's Atlas Rio de Chame = Río Chamé. was abandoned after being burned down in Morgan's attack in 1671 (see Introduction. Perico = Isla Perico ('perico' = parakeet—also a mizzen-top-gallant sail). From Pta de Chame beginnes the bay of Panama wch is the greatest sea port (next Lima) of all the http://publishing.doc. today's Balboa Harbor. today this is the site of the Panama Canal. See Introduction. bonao = Isla Boná." ― 124 ― South Sea. See Chart 39 for a different view. Because of the large rise and fall of tide. Otoque = Isla Otoque. [80] where all ships wch come to Panama ride unless small barques wch by meanes of a Creeke run into the city. Cerro de Cabra = Cerro Cabra. Rio de la Gartos = Río Lagarto ('lagarto' = lizard). ships for Panama City had to lie at Perico to load and unload. and Naos (Isla de nats ) are joined to the mainland near Ancón by a causeway. pp. The present city of Panama is located at the house below the word Ancon. From the old towne there Cathedrall is seen as you ride at anchor at Perico. and Fig. Tavogilea = Isla Taboguilla. p.673 feet (510 m) ('cabra' = goat). Snra Mandingo = Isla Mandinga ('mandinga' = little rogue). Perico. Ysla Verde = Islote Verde. 9 and 10. founded in 1519 a few miles northeast of the present site. This causeway runs parallel to the dredged channel leading to the southern entrance to the Panama Canal. See Chart 41. however. 1. 2). It stood formerly 4 mile to the Eastward of the place it stands now on but by being taken and kept a month and then burnt by Sr Henry Morgan and by misfortunes 3 times burnt since. Rio Grande = Río Grande. Guaca Cerro del Sapo = Cerro Campana and Cerro Trinidad. 647 feet (197 m). ffarellon = Isla Flamenco. deer). Cerro dell Ancon = Ancón. Before this city [78] Panama City was founded earlier than Lima.id=0. Isla Melones = Isla Melones ('melones' = melons). Silla de Cavallo = Isla Ensenada. [79] The old city of Panama. Tavoga = Isla Taboga. became more important both because it was a viceregal seat and because it was the home port of the Royal Fleet of the South Seas (less damage was done to the ships by Teredo worms there than in the warmer waters of Panama). ― 125 ― Image not available. Lat = Lat. Tabora = Isla Taborcillo. p. [78] It hath 8 Parish Churches and more then 30 Chapells. Lima. Valladolid = Isla Chamá. Rio de Bique = Río Botrero.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.cdlib.) Hack f. 46: "Alongst this Coast runs such a boisterous sea that there is no coming near it.[79] they thought it better to build here at the sea side then at the old place. 1. Chart 40 This hall is over Panama —an unnamed hill near the old city. It is almoste a mile & half long and a good mile broade. [80] Today the islands of Flamenco (ffarellon on Chart 40). pan de sucie = Islote Pan de Azúcar. in the mouth of Ringrose's Rio Grande. Isla de nats = Isla Naos ('nao' = ship). 9°00' N. Pta de Chame al NE = Punta Chamé. without dainger. (See also Chart 40 for a different view.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Pezepuete = Río Perequeté. and it is now better built and larger then the old towne was. with its outport Callao. Biabia = Isla Urabá. ffarellones de Chiru = Farrallón del Chirú. 148 feet (45 m). Rio Chico = Río Abajo ('abajo' = below). see also Chart 39n. very slenderly. Rio de Benados = Río Venado ('venado' = stag.

or came in. La Gartos = Río Lagarto.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . (The present city of Panamá is located below the word Ancon on Chart 40. we tooke afterward 5 greate ships riding in the roade one of wch viz: (the Trinitie) brought us round aboughte the Southerne parts of America. Chepello = Isla Chepillo. amongst wch one had 52000 Dollers. 'Rhizophora mangle').[84] Hence went to Otoque. Rio Honda = Río Honda ('hondo' = deep). and the Cathedral Church is still kept there. Pacora = Río Pacora. The buccaneers landed at Isla Chepillo on April 22. http://publishing. It is well walled around. with two Gates. 5 miles (9 km) northeast of the present site. Rio Chiman = Río Chimán. Paul's at London " ("Bucaniers of America" [JP3]. . where they obtained food anti a small ship. Chimaro = Río Sama Cruz de Chinina. Arbol de Guise —'tree of seasoning'.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. [83] Wine brought from either Chile (see n. Panama was the main Spanish exploration base for the Pacific coast of North and South America anti served as the southern end of the transisthmian trade route.id=0. (The original Saint Paul's Cathedral was finished at the end of the thirteenth century. and is built for the most part of brick. it was destroyed by the Great Fire of London in 1666 anti was demolished by 1675 when the cornerstone of Sir Christopher Wren's masterpiece was laid. Thence we sailed to Taboga.chunk. they having 3 Armadilla's with 228 men. Tocumen = Río Tocumén. The city was rebuilt in 1673 at the present site. [82] "Flower" = flour. . The city was founded by Pedro Arias Dávila in 1519. a fortified peninsula "much bigger than the old one was. p. and the same morning being Apr: 23: 1680. Pariga = Río Pasiga. Ringrose states that the city was burned three more times by "casualty" before being moved. la Maistra = Río La Maestra. The extent of the City comprehends better than a mile and a half in length and above a mile in breadth. ― 127 ― Image not available.A Buccaneer's Atlas R o Sahalizes = Río Sajalices. 33). Pta de Chame = Punta Chame. 1680. took all that went oute. the rest being of stone. ― 126 ― wee fought the Spaniards. pp.cdlib. 147) or Spain. Chart 41 Panama = Ciudad de Panamá. [85] [81] The Introduction. and oats.doc. In the woodes here aboute are large Parrotts. of us Wch wee had taken from them. a spice tree or plantation. Camaron Rio de la Gartas = Río Lagarto. 10. (later Sir) Henry Morgan. Here we kild there Admirall. which was ground from any of a number of grains. Pta Manglares = Punta Mangle ('manglar' = mangrove. took there Vice Admirall and forced there other away. including maize.200 men under Capt. p. [84] See Introduction. [85] These tropical birds (order Psittaciformes) were prized by the buccaneers for their coloration and vocalization. It is 4 leagues from Panama. 9-10. . Ringrose was probably referring to the former Saint Paul's. today this former site is called Panamá Vieja (Old Panama). There took the towne and watered there. first visited by Vasco Núñez de Balboa in 1513. the beautiful building whereof makes a fair show at a distance like that of St. The city was destroyed in 1671 by 1. Rio Chapo = Río Chepo. wee in 5 canoas and a Periaugre with 68 men. tells the fuller story of the Battle of Perico. The Houses for the most part are three stories in height. As the second structure was not completed until 1710.) Juan Diaz = Río Juan Diáz. and tiled. barley. wheat. Here wee lay 3 weeks. taking 2 of there ships. Ringrose also observed that "some poor people still inhabit the old town.) The chart above shows the Catedral Viejo anti the pre-1671 city of Panama." These fortifications protected the city from falling to the buccaneers.[81] We brought the city into such straightes for Provision that they came and bought the flower[82] and wine [83] &c. took that village and severall hoggs and fowle.

Pta de Patina = Punta Patiño. Golfo San Miguel = Golfo de San Miguel = Gulf of Vallona (Ballona)." there is written across the isthmus along the Río Tuquesa. after crossing the isthmus. Rio de balsas = Río Balsas o Tucuti. 11). see Introduction. Sapo = Cerro Sapo. but the maine is all a long shallow water.A Buccaneer's Atlas Lo Alto de Mache = Serrania de Majé. The buccaneers. Rio bona vista —at Punta Buena Vista. p. however. Diego = Punta Sabanas ('sabana' = sheet). [86] See n. for submerged rocks). sacked and burned this fort and town on April 15.chunk.cdlib. The Río Tuquesa descends from the continental divide in the Serrania del Darién. R o Perez = Río Sambú. Rio Tugueso = Río Tuquesa. Darien is the name of the province.264 feet (1. ta San Lorenzo = Punta San Lorenzo. Here wee took a parcell of Mulattoes and negroes. the Pearl Islands are somewhat surprisingly omitted here. Mache = Isla Majé. chap. opp. Dos Bocas Rio San Miguel = Río Sabana. 43. Rio banbo = Quebrada Corredó. a tributary of the Río Tuira.[86] On the maine over against this Island is the river of Chepo and up seven leagues on this River is a towne Called Chepo. a tributary of the Río Chucunaque. 9). 4. a league from the maine and Indiforent deepe water about it. low land and full of Creekes. On a map by Dampier (JP4 . 8). This river was part of a route across the Isthmus." This route was also used by the buccaneers in 1680. Astillero de Estovall Martin = La Palma.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. For further details. here. Balsa wood ( Ochroma lagopus ) is exceedingly light and is used for making rafts. "The A's Entrance into the South Seas. From hence to Pta San Lorenzo is 10 leagues. Rio Tuyra = Río Tuira.[88] From Chepello to Plantan Island is 7 leagues.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Pta de Buron Quebrada de Talique Quebrada de Juan Sape Rio de Indios = Puerto Darién. it going far up. Dos hermanos Rio Papayall = Quebrada Teteral.300 m) ('sapo' = toad). a tributary of the Río Chico. Chart 42 Sta Maria = Santa Fe. P Quebrada de Mar Rio Sucio = Río Sucio ('sucio' = foul. plentiffull of Provisions and people very rich. From hence beginnes the guile of St Miguell or Golfo de Balleno.doc. ― 129 ― Image not available. 12) entitled "A Map of the Isthmus of Darien & Bay of Panama. http://publishing. aguacale ta Garachine = Punta Garachiné. Rio Sucio = Río Sucio ('sucio' = foul. were used by both Indians and Europeans in crossing the isthmus (JP3 . 1680. P On this Shoale was lost ye Almirante 1631 Though they appear separately on Chart 43. for submerged rocks). here. in which are severall Islands. navigated by canoes. they are. ― 128 ― ffrom Panama to Chepello is 8 leagues. "This river is twice as broad as the river Thames at London" ("Bucaniers of America" [JP3]. he noted that these still independent people often fought "their ancient Enemies the Spaniards " (JP3 . 5. [88] Ringrose met with the Indians of Darien during his crossing of the isthmus in 1680.id=0. a very sholy p t . By this river [87] it is very easye to Come into the South Sea. I have been a league from shore and not founde 4 foote water. included in the equivalent chart in Ringrose's journal (see Fig. [87] Rivers such as this one. Piña de D. 3). p. p. and the Indians naturally abhor the Spaniard.

of course. [92] There are about 40 of them in [89] Ringrose refers to Drake's 1572-73 overland crossing of the isthmus.id=0. on the return.[89] Next it is famous for the unhappy passage of Capt Oxnam in the yeare 1578. Pta Garachina = Punta Garachiné.A Buccaneer's Atlas boca Chica Cedros = Isla Cedro ('cedro' = cedar). Peña Ora Aquada Pta lorenzo = Punta San Lorenzo.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Pta Patina = Punta Patiño. Oxenham spent some weeks building a pinnace in which he sailed to the Pearl Islands in the Bay of Panama.cdlib. ― 131 ― Image not available. any of several large tropical American lizards of the genus 'Iguana. for the fuller story. it Likewise gave us ours. Mogomago = Isla Mogo Mogo.doc.) [91] See Introduction. Despite Drake's plea to the viceroy for mercy after the capture of the Cacafuego in March 1579. After about a month of success against the Spaniards. Oxenham and his men were executed in 1580. [91] Neare to the mouth of this Gulfe lyeth a range of Islands called the Kings Islands.[90] but it is most of all famous for our Passage in the yeare 1680 in the month of Aprill where in the River St Miguell wee took and burnte a Spanish Garrisson. walked through the jungle to the headwaters of the Gulf of San Miguel. Drake was on the Pacific slope. however. and by this Gulfe entered in to the Spanish Seas as they proudly Call them. but he hardly "entered the South Sea" at this time as the Waggoner suggests.' farellon de Patatas = Islotes Patiñito. Camba Rio Sucio Rio Congo = Río Congo. The Kings Islands * or the Perle Islands = Archipiélago de Las Perlas. Chino = Isla Chitre. ― 130 ― This gulfe is very smooth and hath deepe water and good anchoring in severall places. arrived on the Pacific coast of Panama In 1575. [90] John Oxenham (or "Oxnam"). Pacheca = Isla Pacheca. Pta Gorda = Punta Gorda. Contadora = Isla Contadora. [92] The "Kings Islands" are today known as the Archipiélago de las Perlas. 260 soldiers being in the fort. 57-60. (See Gerhard 1960. Bar Saboga = Isla Saboga. Chapera = Isla Chapera. during which. Pta Corenzo Yguanos = Isla Iguana. Quebrada = Río Sambú. like Sharp and his colleagues a hundred years later. consisting of many islands and islets with numerous above-water and submerged rocks. for wee were masters of these Seas 22 months and mighte have been to this day if wee would have stayed there. It was the place by wch Sr ffrancis Drake entered the South Sea and Performed severall brave Exploytes against the Spaniard. a mule train was surprised and a considerable prize taken. p 5. where he captured several Spanish vessels.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . he was captured in 1578 and taken to Lima to be tried for heresy. but if the sword gave them there title.chunk. This chart is of the Golfo de San Miguel. Vallanetta Chart 43 http://publishing. Cerro del Sapo = Cerro Sapo ('sapo' = toad). there he made contact with the maroons (runaway Negro slaves) and. the largest island of which is the Isla del Rey. a Devonian and former colleague of Francis Drake who was the first foreign enemy to sad against the Spaniards in the Pacific. tme de la Calle = Isla Bartolomé.

Puercos = Isla de Puercos ('puercos' = hogs. 'Mirounga angustirostris'). Perico = Isla Perico. Rio Bermejo = Río San Juan ('bermejo' = vermillion). Estovall Perez Membrillos = Isla Membrillo ('membrillo' = quince). R o limon = Río Limón ('limón' = lemon or lime). Chapaceros = Isla San Pedro. mosquito—any of various dipterous insects of the family 'Culicidae. but you may saile if you please close to them for there is not less then 12 or 14 ffathom. Ortiz = Río San Francisco. Gaspar Ramos = Isla Bayoneta ('bayoneta' = bayonet). Here is good wood and water and ffruite. 'Cocos nucifera').' The Golfo de Panamá is infested with mosquitoes that transmit malaria. is 9 feet (3 m) deep. Serez = Isla Gallo ('gallo' = rooster).A Buccaneer's Atlas la Paja mina Grande = Isla La Mina. Galera = Isla Galera ('galera' = crab). South of here should be the Ped Armada Channel. Sn Pablo = Isla San Pablo.[93] Betweene the Island Galera and Pta Garachina is a Dangerous shoale wher on the Spaniards have lost 3 or 4 greate ships and it is in the usuall passage of there fleete from Lima to Panama and betweene the said Island and the maine is near 6 leagues. Mariche Snra = Isla Señora. There wee tooke one of 30 tunne. Carrino = Río Chuche. Isla del Rey = Isla del Rey. Carracol = Isla Caracoles ('caracol' = seashell). The island of Chuche is missing near the title. It hath two small Islands at the mouth of it. mendano = Río Mendaño ('mendaño' = sand dune). On the greate Island there is a village were they build vessells. Trollope Rock.cdlib. Ostion = Río Ostión ('ostión' = a large oyster). mina Chica = Isla La Minita. Capira = Río Chepillo. http://publishing.doc. Canelija = Canal Ventura Cruz. ? la Gartos = Río San Juan. swine). St Elmo = Isla Santelmo. Rio Casique = Río de Cacique ('cacique' = a native Indian chief of Mexico or the West Indies). Mosquitos = Punta Gorda. the shallowest point of which. Sta Catalina Mortena = Isleta Platania. o Gonsales = Isla Pedro González. Elifante = Isla Elefante (may refer to the elephant seal. y:polada = Isla Camote ('camote' = sweet potato. bombaz = Punta Lava Lava ('bombazo' = explosion). ― 132 ― all and severall good Ports and harbours with good wooding and watering.chunk. Martin Perez = Río Martín Pérez. monte = Isla de Monte. Viberes = Isla Viveros ('vivero' = fishpond). Pta de cocos = Punta de Cocos. Cazalla = Isla Casaya. Asafrur = Isleta de Afuera. 'Ipomoea batatas.[94] From Pta Garachina to Puerto de Pinas is 8 leagues. Puiblo Viejo = Playa Honda.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.id=0. volcanos garsios Gibraleon = Isla Gibraleón. the southern extremity of Isla del Rey ('coco' = coconut palm. On this shole was lost the Almirante 1631 = Banco San José. a very good Sayler.' a tropical plant cultivated for its edible tuberous root). It is very high land and makes a hollowing in the top and is in latt. Cavallero = Quebrada La Guinea (a guinea was an English gold coin issued from 1663 to 1813). Ensalletta = Isla Bolaños.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .

This Cape Corientes is very high land and from sea boarde showes like an Island and on its top hath 3 hillock. Hack f. [94] See Chart 43 for a notation on one wreck in 1631. Baya de San Anto o = Puerto Utría. It is very deep water on http://publishing. p. it being the place where some of that Order were left till the Country were discovered. at Punta San Francisco Solano. ― 134 ― mouth is a rounde hill. 7°35' N.500 feet (457 m). as the small village of ffranciscans. [96] "Key" = cay. Puerto de Pinas = Bahía Piñas. Puerto Claro = Bahía Cupia." Las Anegadas = Picos tic Ananas. wch at low water hath 2 ffathom at its bar. It is Called Las Anegadizas.[95] ffrom the bay of San Ant ro begins a Drouned land very low wch in rainy times hath only its trees above water. cleare Ousey grounde. In the mid way is the Island de Palmas and near this Island a River falls into the sea. SE 69 leagues. 55: "Here is the Religious seat of St Francisco [the Order of Saint Francis of Assisi]. Before you come at Corientes by 12 leagues is a River Called Rio de Sandio. more than 400 relics (640 km) distant.doc.chunk. 1. 6°45' N.A Buccaneer's Atlas .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . See Introduction. = Lat. = Lat. at the head of Golfo de Tibuga. Chart 44 Pta Garachina = Punta Garachiné. 9. and from the south looks like an Island. From hence to Cape Corientes is NW. There are severall good Ports and bayes along this shore. Puerto de Caricoles —a cove at Punta Caracoles ('caracol' = seashell). a low island or reef. Cavo de Corientes = Cabo Corrientes ('corriente' = current)—well named.cdlib. : a very cleare good Coaste but often [95] "Discovered" = settled. Lat = Lat. [97] ffrom Corientes to the River Buena Ventura is 23 leagues NW and SE.id=0. At its [93] Captured by Bartholomew Sharp. Puerto Quemado = Bahía Octavia.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. ffrom Puerto de Pinas to Puerto Quemado is 25 leagues. ― 136 ― raines. ― 133 ― Image not available. wch this Coaste is much subject to till you come past Cape ffrancisco. 5°30' N. If you look at it to the SE it seemes a round Key. not so high land as Pinas. as there is a constant northerly current in its vicinity. ― 135 ― Image not available. This is the first high land near the coast north of Cerro Montecristi (see Chart 53). [96] It is in north latt. All along this Coaste is deepe water and you may sail close to the shore in 10 or 12 ffathom water. Chart 45 Baya de ffian Solano = Bahía Solano. Rio Sandio = Río Tibuga.

Rio de los Noanamas = Río San Juan.doc. it rained so much that the Spaniards never visited the island.) ― 137 ― Image not available. This Isle is full of a sort of trees Call'd Maria: which are very servicable for ships masts & on the SE part of it is a River of excellent good water.id=0. At this Island wee lay and Careened the first time in the South Sea. There fore keep of the shore for if it bee flowing water the Current will heave you a shore. he said. with rich gold placers in the upper reaches (department of Caldas) in the Cordillera Occidental. The Spanish prisoner Captain Peralta recommended that the buccaneers go to Gorgona to careen because. except in rain-shadow areas of the Cordillera Occidental." (The fuller story is given in the Introduction. by Pascual de Andagoya in 1522 from Panama.cdlib. 100 (Chart 47). p. on Isla Gorgona for Diego de Almagro to return from Panama with reinforcements. at whose heads the Spaniard doth [97] This area receives precipitation from both the Pacific and the Caribbean with total annual rainfall exceeding 80 inches (200 cm).A Buccaneer's Atlas most parts of this Island. The Coast is low land and there are some Rivers that are sholey 2 leagues into the Sea. 200 miles (320 km) long. From this River to the Island Gorgona is 25 leagues SW & NE a very rainy Coaste. 2°58' N. [98] See n. reached Río San Juan (4°15' N). Hack f. 100 miles (160 km) long. [99] Along this Coast are many rivers. navigable most of its length. Palmares = Isla Palmas.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 100.chunk. [99] Careen = to heave the ship down on one side on a beach to clean or repair the hull. 13. [100] The Island Gorgona is in North latt. Buena Ventura in North Latt hath . Pta de Arena Isla de Realezo Rio ostiones Baya de Raposa Estero de los Piles Rio de los Piles Rio San Juan La Madalina ? Sarambria Rio Gorgon Esmiralldos Gorgona = Isla Gorgona. The buccaneers named Gorgona "Sharp's Isle. soe I advise that whenever you find 20 ffathom n http://publishing. It is a very greate river and runns up amongst the Gold mines. ffran:de Sn Po Rio de Pagua Baya de la buina ventura = Bahía Buenaventura ('buenaventura' = good fortune)—the largest Pacific port of Colombia. ? Cerro de Caraba hall Cavo Corientes Rio Bogotes = Río Baudo. which was the northern coastal limit of the Incan Empire. ― 138 ― waite for gold wch falls from the mountaines of Toro." = Lat.[98] Formerly there was a fort 10 leagues up it but the wonderfull raines hath forced them away from it. Rio de la buina ventura = Río Buenaventura. The first reconnaissance of the Pacific coast of South America. . 57: "Capt Sharpe Call'd Gorgona after his own name by reason he Core'nd there. Francisco Pizarro waited nearly seven months.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . during 1526-27. Chart 46 Cerro de Torra from here & the gold mines come —n.

but all along here is good and cleane Anchorage. From this Pt beginns a greate & deep bay Called Ancon de Sardinas. Serras de Pasta Rio de Tilimbi Sta Barbara = the town of Pizarro. These 7 men wee lost one night in a small barque when [100] Throughout northern Colombia in pre-Conquest times. called Gorgonilla. wch is in north latt. The point of mangroves is a low pt streaching out into the sea SSW. Rosario = Río Rosario.id=0. . to Pta de Manglares is 12 Spanish leagues. This island is located 70 miles (112 km) too far south on the above chart. The Spaniards reason is because they have not been taughte there way of Christianity and soe blinded by the divell. ― 140 ― wee first left Panama and they had Come up hither in search of us and here unfortunately mett there ruine. From hence to the Island Gallo are 28 leagues and better. You may anchor securely here on the NW side in a small bay where you have betweene 4 and 5 ffathom water. Betweene is an Island. It is 10 leagues & better long.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Chart 48 Pta Manglares att first Sighte* all Low Land Pta de Manglares = Punta Manglares ('manglar' = mangrove).chunk. The coast runnes NNE & SSW. Chart 47 Rio de Cedros = Rio Mícay. They war one on another every day Murder = [101] See Introduction. Rio de Mira = Río Mira. In Colonial times this area became a very productive gold region as deposits were reworked using pans (bateas ) and sluices (Sauer 1966. but it is a very rainey place.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Gorgonilla = Islote Gorgonilla. There are severall shoales aboute it wch streach a league and better. On the mainland near Isla del Gallo is the town of Pizarro. Gallo = Isla del Gallo. he moved to the larger Isla Gorgona (see Chart 46n) 90 miles (144 km) north when Isla del Gallo proved too small. p. 150 miles (240 km) long.cdlib. It is in North Latt. 11. Estero = Río Curay. It lyeth in a bay in wch is a village of aboute 20 houses. for the fuller story. ― 139 ― Image not available. all low land.A Buccaneer's Atlas water you y stand off into the Sea. it actually lies close by Isla Gorgona. 6 were kild and the other taken. 220-70). http://publishing. Rio de Maldu = Rio Chagui. cleane and good Grounde. ― 141 ― Image not available.doc. from wch place they sent oute 50 men who lay in ambush for 7 of our men who coming ashore not thinking of them. the Indians worked gold placers using nets strung across rivers to catch nuggets. Arastra = Río Amarales (mouth of the Río Tanaje). [101] ffrom the Island Gallo. Francisco Pizarro waited on Isla del Gallo during 1526 while Diego de Almagro returned to Panama for reinforcements. full of small Rivers wch are peopled with Indians but not very Populous. small but pretty high. Surhidero de los Navios = Ensenada Tumaco.

ffrom hence to Galera is 3 leagues. Ties Rios de Los Coxemies —there are a number of mouths to a large lagoon (Estero Cojimies) into which drains the Río Cojimies. Chart 49 Baya de San Matteo = Bahía San Mateo. But I give you a Caution of 2 things which are of great importance Viz t 1 st not to Jest with there women or debauch them. 1681. Jago = Río Santiago. Her previous capture in Panama Bay on May 10. is posest by Indian warriours (who will hurt no strainger) & here is sold by the Mullata's all sorts provissions. This is a shallow bight 33 miles (53 km) long in which there are numerous openings that resemble the mouths of rivers. Hack f. It hath North Latt . ― 144 ― by Spanish Mottattoes & Indians. At the End of this bay there doth begin high land and the Coaste bends away to WSW as far as cape ffrancisco. though the Spaniards have a small Village 3 leagues up it and they say there is 4 ffathom at its mouth. The dotted symbol off Puerto de La Galera is an extensive coral reef (Arrecife de Atacames). This river of St Jago is a very greate river but ships enter not. It is the highest land of all this Coaste except Matteo to wch is 7 leagues.000 pieces of eight.[103] Wee fetched our water 3 mile up the river. Here you may wood and water. . It is inhabitted [102] In this very wet area. Pta Galena all NW. Hack f. According to Ringrose. el Portete —the mouth of the Río Portete.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 100 miles (160 km).cdlib. Here ships have masts yards or provisions. by that meanes decreasing faster then Nature gives Increase. like fens.id=0. Chart 50 Cavo de San Francisco = Cabo de San Francisco. 1680. like bogs.A Buccaneer's Atlas Ancon de Sardina's = Bahía de Ancón de Sardinas—Sardine Bay. Puerto de La Galera = Bahía de Atacames. Encline to the SE side and when you are over the barre there is very deep water.chunk. ― 143 ― Image not available.000 pieces of eight. Pta Galera = Punta Galera. ― 145 ― Image not available. at the mouth of the Río de Esmeraldas (50 miles [80 km] long). If you would Enter. or full of water-soaked vegetation. had yielded 57. To leeward of this bay 3 leagues is a river where wee watred when the Sn Pedro was taken by us the second time. 61: "I give you to understand yt when you com to or near the Latt of yc Port of Quemado: that if any Birds which are call'd Mariposa s coms on http://publishing.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. ― 142 ― ing there Neiboures. From this bay to Tacames is 9 leagues. 2 dly not to threaten the natives. and gunpowder. with armes or otherwise but treat them with humility you may have what you please. If you would ride it must bee a mile to leeward of the p t righte off which [103] The buccaneers captured the San Pedro for the second time near Cape San Francisco on July 8." la baya de San Matteo 10 or 12 leagues dist: Tacames = Población de Atacames.doc. In this port were taken in the year 1594 by Don Bertran some few stragling English men who had come here to water but while they were buisy the Spaniard caught them at unawares. It is a mile broade. You may Anchor in any part of the porte to windward and the nearer shore the better anchorage and deeper water. If you would enter into the bay keep to the SE side. It is lower land then Matteo and its Entrance seemes like a small Island. but a truer reason is the Spanish tiranny hath drove these poore Natives into such unwholesome places of Bogges and ffennes yt the ill Vapours [102] of the Earth consumes more then theire warrs. Rio de St. 60: "The Bay of St Matheo . . low-lying land is apt to be inundated. wine. on that occasion she carried 37.

From hence to El Portete is 3 good leagues.chunk. where the Rosario was captured (see Introduction. Domingo Antonio by going to near the shore was cast away the ship was call'd Gonzalo Baltran. You will find people in a small Village of 20 familyes. You doe anchor in good grounde. the Coast SE.000 feet (305 m). Serra de Coaque = Montanas de Cuaque.000 feet (6. When you would enter have a care of [106] The equinoctial is the terrestrial equator. It is a rounde hill behind wch is good wood and water and very smoothe landing. See Introduction. 62: "On the shoalds of Jama. ― 149 ― Image not available. 5. 21).] Coaque = Carrizal. pp.id=0. In this bay you have 11 fathome water and one the shore soe many white cliffes wch appeare like heapes of Salt. I made a voyage takeing my departure from this said Cape. where day and night are equal. There are 3 of them wch take 4 leagues in length of the Coast. Passao al sur —two views of Passao from the south. They are full of Shoales. Both this I have experienced. Baya de Caracas = Jaramillo. It is a high Cape but it is far higher within land being North and South with it.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. It is a woody mountenous land and hath white cliffs. It hath a white cliffe at the head of it. Sometimes." ― 146 ― are rocks for halfe a mile. http://publishing. Rio de Sama = Río lama. all along deep water and close under Shore you may ride to Leeward of this cape. [105] Such offshore winds blow down the Pacific slope of the Andes. which in this area reach elevations up to 20. but it is all along not very deep as far as Coaque 6 leagues distant from hence SbW. soe when you come aboute 2 leagues from Shore.A Buccaneer's Atlas board that you are within 5 or 6 Leagues of the shore. .cdlib. . It is from this great circle that the modern country of Ecuador takes its name. Ringrose likens Cape San Francisco to Beachy Head in the English Channel. Hack f. It was certainly not Hack. ― 147 ― Image not available. though seldome at noones. From this bay to Cape Passao[107] is 12 leagues WSW. there springs a wind from Shore wch will drive you from your anchor if you bee not carefull. Over this place doth pass the Equinoctiall[106] and you may anchor close under these hills out of danger of the wind if you have Occation. in some places a league of into the Sea." [We do not know who is talking here. [107] It was off Cape Passao (or Cape Pasado) that Sharp captured the Rosario . but to windward of these 3 rivers you may come nearer the land. up to 1. It seemes an Island and from windward it seemes 3 capes. Passao La Canoa = Río de Chone. Chart 51 Enseñada de Bocia Borachos = Punta Borrachos ('borracho' = intoxicated)—bare white cliffs fronted by a long sandy beach in this bay. La Canoa Baya de Caracas Pescadores —a fishing settlement ('pescador' = fisherman). you will do well to Sounde. 21-23. p. . from which the charts and sailing directions that gave rise to thc waggoners of Ringrose and Hack were taken. The equator is just north of Río Jama. this was in the year 1612.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Here is noe very good water butt such as it is you will find in a lagoone a quarter of a mile within land at a river wch in the seasons runnes into the Sea. Here are Indians who will have hoe Comerse with the Spaniards who are forced if they want water to goe a shore armed.000 m) within 125 miles (200 km) of the coast. [105] From Portete to [104] In his journal (Aug.doc. From this Point to Cape ffrancisco [104] is 2 leagues. Cavo Passao = Cabo Pasao = Cabo Pasado. Sb E ― 148 ― the first river of the Coxemies is 3 leagues. 1680). & allso I advise you that if at any hour in the night you hear a bird call'd Graja that then you tack & stand of to sea: steering N W if possible you can with small sailes.

chunk. sixty-one days from Paita to Patagonia (Aug. It is mountenous land.-Mar. a narrow promontory at the northern point of Golfo de Guayaquil. Plata al N. as indicated here and at Sta Hellena al Sur on this chart. 1680): twenty-nine days from Ilo to Coquimbo (Nov. We were 3 dayes. wch come often. there was every advantage in coasting—which Sharp exploited to the full. 1680): thirty-nine days from Arica to Coquimbo (Feb. Xpo al Norte Sta Helena al SbE = Punta Santa Elena. for example). Over the port of Manta is Monte Christo and the Shoale is from it NbW. two views. This is a very high hill.[110] It lyeth in one degree . these winds are intimately connected also to the north-ward-flowing Peru Current. Sta Hellena al Sur Plata al NbE Xpo al SW ― 152 ― It is 4 foot under water and makes a greate Sea. Cape Lorenzo ― 150 ― of Severall rocks wch lye right of from the cape. since the wind was so important to everything they did.-Oct. soe that if fflawes[111] come from shore.-Dec. 297 feet (90 m). 1681). & fish. the Southeast Trade Winds blow more or less parallel to the coast between about latitude 40° south and the equator (with occasional diurnal modifications due to land and sea breezes). There are 2 or 3 more hills to the westward of it but are not soe high. There is but one place of Anchorage aboute it on the NE side in 25 ffathom water. appears as an island when seen from the sea. three views.id=0. Plata al Nort = Isla dc La Plata. There is water though not very good hard by where the village is. it was necessary to take a long offshore tack into the Pacific. *p t di Cama = Punta de Jaramijo. ― 151 ― Image not available. and second.A Buccaneer's Atlas Chart 52 Cape Lorenzo = Cabo de San Lorenzo. Chart 53 Monte Xpo SE = Cerro de Montecristi. It is a good and Safe bay & here you may find Masts if you have Occation.cdlib. Here is some small wood but no water.E . It is in South latt. center for production of Panama hats. and Plata al NbE on this chart. Northbound.[108] From this Cape 4 leagues SW is an Island called Plata wch is soe called from Sr ffrancis Drake his shareing of plate there. Goates. Here is good water and a league up you may have provisions at a small Village of 20 or 25 ffamylyes. three views. From Passao to the bay of Caracas is 3 leagues SE. So. [109] I have been here twise and have founde good Turtle. you will drive if you have not a care from [108] Throughout the year. which occurs fairly close inshore on all but a few days of the year. .-Oct. 1681): and finally. as indicated here and at Xpo al Norte and Xpo al SW on this chart.800-mile http://publishing. This prevailing wind and current affected a sailing ship in two ways that have particular relevance to our story: first.E.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . The towne is 3 leagues up in the Country. since coasting was impossible because of contrary wind and current. as indicated here and at Plata al N.doc. the 1. Sandy grounde. observe to leave a small key wch lyes in the mouth of the bay on your larbourd side. but on the sea side are settled 20 or 30 familyes and have a church wch you may see a good way of out [?] the Sea.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. From this cape to Cape San Lorenzo is near 18 leagues SWbS. From this Port to Cape Lorenzo is 6 leagues. It is a very steep coast till you come within a league of manta. Manta = Ciudad de Manta. This is a good port but there is a dangerous shoale righte off it on wch the Spaniard hath lost severall Shipes. On this Coaste the wind blowes at SW & West South West and there runnes such a Current to leward about this cape that some ships cannot in a long time gett to windward of it. 1996 feet (609 m). 590 feet (180 m) ('plata' = silver). seamen tended to describe anchorages and so on with the terms windward and leeward rather than south and north (see p. In your Entrance. when sailing southward. 186. The hill at the point is steep anti flat-topped. From this bay to the port of Manta is 9 leagues SSW. as Sharp did in the Trinity —forty-three days from Guayaquil to Arica (Sept.

. A league up from it is the towne of Picoaza wch in time of the breezes is a better port then that of Manta. valued in all at about 360. and here unexpectedly. with his whole company.000 pieces of 8. Insomuch. 63). [109] In Bucaniers of America (JP3 . where you may anchor very safe in 10 fathom water. 62-63). 1??. and sixteen Bowles of Coyned Money a man. SE from the Island Salango are two rocks called Los Ahorcados because one Machicao hanged two Spaniards there. 1681) taking thirty-two days at a mean speed of 2. [112] This Island is one league Distant from a river of the same name. Sta Helena = Villa de Santa Elena.cdlib. and of much fish to be caught hereabouts". two very faire gilt silver boules. see also n. a good port. .000 pesoes. to feast upon that day. in Quechua). and Deeper in the bay 3 leagues is the Island of Colanche. often calling it Sir Francis Drake's Isle.doc. 61. his number being then forty five men in all. tunne of uncoyned silver. We found they had reached this Island. 26. It should be placed just below the border of Chart 54A. to our great joy. distributing it unto each man of his company by whole bowles full. 1681. presumably because it was omitted from the derrotero he was copying. Hence was this Island called by the Spaniards themselves the Isle of Plate . on the way south just before the long board into the Pacific to reach Arica. and August 12-16. and by us Drakes Isle. 57 in the Greenwich Waggoner). ffrom Plata to Pta de Sta Hellena South is 18 leagues. where there is exellent riding for ships but not above 4 fathom water.chunk. the buccaneers provisioned their ship plentifully. 80. 50) says of Colanche: "On this rock was cast away in the year 1644 a very riche shippe having then on board 15." [110] Ringrose relates: "The next morning very early." Ringrose amplifies this in his journal for August 18. You must ride over against the Indian houses for you may see the towne. *Rio Picoaza = Río Jipijapa. These are Distant from Salango 3 leagues.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. ― 154 ― ffrom Plata to Salango is 6 leagues SE. which he took in the Armada of this Sea. [111] Flaw = a sudden gust or squall of wind. From Salango Northward is the Port of Callo. & 70 pieces of brass ordnance & lyes in about 7 fathom water. chests of opals of plate. and had been there at an anchor four days before as. "goats . The town of Colanche is 5 miles (8 km) inland. about six of the clock. With these feral goats and native marine animals. and upon http://publishing. 1680.A Buccaneer's Atlas voyage from Huasco to Isla la Plata (Mar. that they were forced to heave much of it over board. Colanche = Islote Pelado. Here aboute is a stronge leeward Current. Salango = Isla Salango. as noted by Ringrose. a fine freshwater river from whence the[y] fetch water to serve the towne of Sta Helena. telling us withal. 112 (Chart 55). For here it is reported by tradition. on the way north just after the capture of the Rosario . The Spaniards affirm unto this day. we found at anchor the ship of Captain Cox . we came under the aforesaid Isle of Plate . which is where Hack places it on some of his versions of the same chart (f. Ringrose omits Isla la Plata from this chart. because his ship could not carry it all. and a Goat. for there is not much water all along this coaste of low land. being now just ready to depart from thence. Ringrose details Drake's exploit of late February 1579 as follows: "This Island received its name from Sir Francis Drake and his famous Actions. said Ringrose. The Trinity and her company anchored off Isla la Plata twice—July 10-17. there run wild up and down the country" (JP3 . [112] The Bancroft Library copy of Hack's Waggoner (W7/A3 . under Cape Lorenzo . " According to Fletcher (1628. and the like trifles. furthermore. that he made the dividend. and then the other vessel sent us a live Tortoise.000.id=0.4 knots. Los Ahorcados = Islotes Los Ahorcados ('ahorcado' = one who has been hung by the neck): these islands were the site of executions.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .-Apr. Here you may have any sort of provision if you have occation for it. el Cope el Sal Pta Sta Helena = Punta Santa Elena. usually of short duration. of great store of Tortoise to be found ashoar upon the Bays. he took at that time twelve score Tuns of Plate. from this great Dividend. whom we had lost at sea for the space of a whole fortnight before. Although he shows three views of it on Chart 53. About seven we came to an anchor. pound weight in gold. 1681: "At this place. Chart 54 Cape Lorenzo = Cabo de San Lorenzo. ― 153 ― Image not available. 59-60). or sharing of that vast quantity of Plate. *p ta di Cullo = Punta de Callo ('callo' = tongue. the amount involved was "a certaine quantitie of jewels and precious stones. f.

late King of England . Pta Arena = Punta Arena.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Sombrerett Mancora = Máncora. If you would enter the port by night. as the Spaniards relate. Pta de Piedias = Punta dc Piedra ('piedra' = rock). P Estero = Estero Salado ('salado' = salty). stand not in for Shore till the http://publishing. John Strong of the English privateer Welfare made an unsuccessful search for this wreck in 1690 (Bradley 1989. being then in his troubles. shown on this chart. three peaks to 1. Pta Sa Bernard = Punta Cascajal. Estero de Chanduy = Chanduy. Cavo Blanco = Cabo Blanco. ― 156 ― Righte off from the pointe are sunken rocks. Cerras de Chanduy = Cerro Chanduy. Alto de Mala = Cerro Zambapala. the sum of many millions of pieces of Eight: all which quantity of Plate was sent as a present unto our King. Rio Tunbes = Río Tumbes. Sta Clara = Lat. The gulf extends from Punta Santa Elena on the north to Cabo Blanco on the south and is 126 miles (203 km) wide at the mouth. by the worthy merchants of Lima. las Salinas = Punta Carnero ('carnero' = sheep. Said ship had on board.doc. el Naranjal = Canal tic Naranjal. Rio Tongoi = Río Tenguel. Cambray = Isla de Santa Clara. is the largest inlet on the west coast of South America north of Isla Chiloé (42° S). 3°10' S. King Charles the First. Chart 55 Pta Sta Helena = Punta Santa Elena. ― 155 ― Image not available. Salte de Buij Bajos de Paguell = Isla Jambeli. ram). Golfo de Guayaquil. to the aid of our most gracious Soveraign. 975 feet (297 m). La Matansa Puerto de Dievelez = Eloy Alfaro. Lo Alto de Tunbes = Cerros Los Amotapes.A Buccaneer's Atlas this Rock was lost the ship afore-mentioned. Yla Verde = Isla Verde. Puerto de Da Isla Rodriquez = Isla Santay. del Rey Leon Bajos de mondiagon = Isla Mondragón. that was ordered from these Seas.400 feet (427 m).chunk. Pta de Mero = Punta Malpelo. Pta Españiol = Punta Buenos Aires. La Puna = Isla Puná. Pta de Balsas Pta de Miel Pta Goide Guayaquill = Guayaquil. R o Alonde R o Montaña = Canal de Matorrillos. " The editors have found no confirmation for this unlikely story. Rio de boli Rio baleo = Río Baleo Grande. Rio Machala = Río Machala.id=0.cdlib. ta de Alcatraces = Punta Alcatras. 174).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .

Puiblo de Chilintomo = Baquerizo Moreno. Barranca Puiblo daule = Pascuales. The Point and Sta Clara are NWbN & SWbS. It showes at distance to bee an Island. but few good ones. It is high water at La Puna and Sta Clara at moon setting. at any one place. From hence to the City of Guayaquil is other 8 leagues. [114] From Sta Clara to Pta de la Arena you Saile ENE. The Point with Chanduy is ESE & WNW 5 leagues. Juan de Nova el Vermejo Belin ? noavioso Taura ? el mauso Isla dell Rey fales This chart shows the drainage area of the Río Guayas above Guayaquil." meaning that. have a care least the Current Cast you into the bay further then you think for soe be sure to mind the tides.doc. the principal port and largest city of Ecuador. They are distant 8 leagues. founded in 1536 by Sebastián de Benalcázar. This city of Guayaquil is a greate towne.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . The Río Guayas is formed by the confluence of the Río Babahoyo and the Río Daule 4 miles (6. not to moonset as Ringrose has done here. see Chart 107 and notes to that chart. This is a very difficult [113] For a delineation of these islands.cdlib. [114] The tides "follow the moon.5 km) above the city. Chart 56 From these hills the River of Guayaquil springs Embarcadero in winter Bridge Embarcadero in summer St Juan de Pimoche = Pimocha. ― 158 ― Channell and many Severall wayes are given to Saile it.id=0.[113] From Hellena to Cape blanco is SSW 38 leagues. Here it is fful of Shoales. From Pta de la Arena to Pta de Bay is other 8 leagues. Rio de baba -= Río Los Tintos. that quantity being known today as the "tidal establishment" of the place.A Buccaneer's Atlas high point of land bee withoute you. Betweene these two Islands there is no passage for a greate Ship. but Capt Perallto [115] hath often told mee that his way was to sounde all along & when bee founde not above 6 ffathom to goe aboute and by that meanes had Carryed up severall. the best built of the South Sea and richest for gold. high water always occurs approximately the same number of hours and minutes before or after the moon crosses the meridian. It is usual to give the establishment with reference to the time of the moon's southing. Rio de Yaguache = Río Chimbo. for the ablest pilott of the South Sea will not think it a disparagement to bee beholding to one of the Indians of La puna or Sta Clara to guide him up. it being the Embarcadero for the greate city of 80 leagues up [116] http://publishing. Rio Daule = Río Daule. Hernando Rodriguez Guayaquil = Santiago de Guayaquil. This is the port of Lapuna. An 100 Leagues from Passao west are severall greate Islands Called Los Galapagos. If you would Saile from the pointe to Sta Clara or Tunbes. ― 157 ― Image not available.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.chunk. Amores Rio Pimoche Pueblo de San Pedro de baba = Samborondón. foit Rio de Quilca Rio de Chilintomo = Río Juján. el Contador Yaguache el Cone = Yaguache Nuevo. Caranca = Hacienda Barranca.

pp. Although no historical evidence exists to support this story. with only brushwood growing on the desert coast to the south. with inset showing this feature from the south. including cocoa nuts. ― 161 ― Image not available. ffrom Cape blanco to Pta de Parina is 8 leagues. 76. Here is all aboute good anchorage. 4°15' S. [116] Quito. was the capture on this occasion—in August 1680—of the pilot Nicholas Moreno. Sombrerett —'small hat.' here ends the mangroves Pta de Moro = Punta Malpelo. it is said that this area is where the Spaniards landed in 1528. It happened that two Lions and two Bears came forth of the woods and the preists streachmg out there armes the savage beasts Came and worshiped the cross and became very tame.616 m). 71). with peaks to 5. South = Lat. however. Cape Blanco = Cabo Blanco. From Pta de Mero to Cape blanco is 16 leagues. which resulted in the conquest of Peru. the luxuriant vegetation (including mangrove) of the tuner part of Golfo de Guayaquil ends. These hills are seene within land —Cerro Los Amotapes. Between Malacca and Parina is a Shoale where there [118] This event. Moreno was put ashore at Nicoya five months later. was related to the English buccaneers by the Spanish prisoner Captain Peralta aboard their ship (JP3 . On their third voyage in 1531. Rio Tunbes = Río Tumbes. The Governour of this Guayaquill came out with Soldiers in a Ship to fighte us but wee kept him from Returning for Some months & Caryed him and severall more of the Chiefe of them wth us a long time.[117] The land of Tunbes is the subject of a Spanish [115] Captain Peralta was captured at Perico in April 1680 and was kept prisoner by the buccaneers until put ashore at Coquimbo in December of the same year. They say that the first settlement of the Spaniards in the South Sea next to Panama was here were they first came. The commodities mentioned and others. they landed at Caleta La Cruz de Pizarro. pp. 14 and 16). At this point.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.cdlib. the result of an Incan civil war. [117] The governor's action is graphically described by Ringrose (JP3 . Chart 57 Cape Blanco al Sur = Cabo Blanco. This cape is the highest part of all the land here aboute. ― 160 ― Story.A Buccaneer's Atlas called Quito. In 1527.chunk. 9 and 16). ― 159 ― Image not available. It is obvious from Ringrose's diary that the two became friends in spite of the unfortunate circumstances (see Introduction. [118] In this Gulfe the Spaniards build greate ships. the great city of the interior highlands behind this coast.300 feet (1. 72-85). lies 190 miles (300 km) north-northeast of Guayaquil. All along you may anchor but it will stick soe fast that you must have a good Cable and a good bu[o]y to haule it up.id=0. the journal account speaks of tigers instead of bears). . reached the active Incan port of Tumbes (on the Río Tumbes) and established friendly relations. a very windy Coaste espetially off of the Cape wch is in South latt. two preists went a Shore with Crosses in there hands while 10000 Indians Stood Gazing on them. were put ashore at Coquimbo in December 1680 (see Introduction. just south of Punta Malpelo. The many mouths of the Río Tumbes lie north of Punta Malpelo. which prompted the Indians to accept Christianity. who was the only prisoner retained on board after the others. the southern entrance point of the Golfo de Guayaquil. Almost more important to the buccaneers than the governor. were traded through the port of Guayaquil (JP3 . at the apex of the Río Tumbes delta.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Diego de Almagro and Francisco Pizarro. Chart 58 http://publishing. including Peralta. 110 miles (177 km) long. where they make good broade cloth.doc. on their second voyage south. Mancora = Puerto Máncora. and found Tumbes in ruins. Here are many greate and rich townes in this gulfe.

and have a cargocarrying capacity of 70 tons. the bark log itself] together. Puerto de Paita = Puerto de Paita. although the larger ones did have a rudder. [121] Dampier gives a detailed description of bark logs in his New Voyage Round the World (JP4 . just south of Punta Malaca. Pena Oradada = Punta Ayoyero (phonetic local variant of 'agujero. be several 'stories' high. Dampier concludes (p. cloth. Paita is South Latt. 143): "They always go before the Wind. Pta Parma = Punta de Pariñas. [119] In the yeare 1681 wee were before it[120] but they had stockadoed the towne aboute and had there the whole strength of Piura. being unable to ply against it: and therefore are fit only for these Seas.id=0. today a major port and cotton area.. 23. The City of Piura come to Trade. They would put to sea at night with the land breeze astern (it is fairly consistent on this coast). [120] See Introduction.chunk. taking water out to ships. A league WSW from Paita is Peña Oradada. wch is but 2 Leagues distant to leeward on the bay. but sometimes Northerly winds: and then they lower their Sails. sugar. returning with the sea breeze in the afternoon. and 2 leagues from it is the greate bay of Sechura werein are many Sardinas by English Called Anchoves. waiting for a change.e. and whose stomachs cannot brooke the sea doe travell by land to Paita or from it to lima. 34 for an account of the capture by Cavendish of the Spanish treasure galleon Santa Ana six months after his attack on Paita. getting a pasage back again for themselves in some Ship. 141-43). This is a very good Port. 100 miles (160 km) long.doc. Pta Parina is low land and at Distance lookes like 2 small round Islands. with peaks to 5. Paita hath felt the force of the English. . There alwaise runnes a greate sea here abouts. At the bottom of [119] See n.312 feet (1. Between here and Punta de Pariñas lies the modern city of Talara. The towne Consists of 250 ffamelyes. till such time as they come into the Bay of Panama: and even there they meet with no great Sea. From this point to the Port of Paita is 8 leagues low land to sea boarde. ― 162 ― Spaniards lost a ship with there pilott Michaile Angell. generally of wine.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. and skins. as rafts with mast and sail that could sail only with the wind astern. who being unable to return with it against the Trade-wind. Within land are the high hills of Motape. Colan = Colan. Small bark logs for fishing. Chart 59 Serras de Motape = Cerros Los Amotapes. Loxa & Colan.' pierced).' or hole = 'horadado. for a fuller account. not varying above a point or two all the way from Lima. ― 164 ― Above Piura is a greate towne Called Loxa from wence they bring much gold to Paita.619 m). and drive before it. This City the Spaniards say is 4 times soe bigge as Paita & distant from it 13 leagues in the roade to Lima wch is a greate roade for those persons whose Business Calls them from Lima to Panama or from thence to Lima. nor 4 of them Spaniards borne to this towne. The Float is manag'd usually by 3 or 4 men. flour.cdlib. ― 163 ― Image not available. the center of Peru's petroleum industry. Silla de Paita is the only high land that all this Coaste hath. p. Malaca = Ensenada de Malaca. when they come to Panama dispose of their goods and bottom [i. All their care then is only to keep off from Shore: for they are so made they cannot sink at Sea. and hath no water but what comes on barque loggs [121] from the River of Colan.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . or Boat bound to the http://publishing. La Silla de Paita = Cerros Silla de Paita. Thence one League SW is the Island Lobos. twise soe bigge as Paita. Large cargo-carrying bark logs could have a hull of twenty or thirty great trees 20 to 40 feet long. for May 10: 1598 Sr Thomas Candish took it & burnt it only with 60 English routing 300 Spaniards. . where the Wind is always in a manner the same. . and so on—and presumably the type referred to here—had four or five logs lashed together and a capacity up to about a ton. The Coaste runnes SSE. Rio Colan = Río Chira.A Buccaneer's Atlas Cape Blanco = Cabo Blanco.

― 169 ― http://publishing. Peña Oradada = Punta Ayoyero. I would not advise any ship to pass betweene it and ye maine for the Spaniards have lost severall ships by it and there is nothing of Provision or anything else to be had near it. or seal). It is West from the port of Cherepe 14 Leagues. but they both have plenty of fish. on the banks of the Río Piura. It is Seven leagues South from the other Lobos (not that Lobos near Paita) wch is twise so bigge as this. which extends from 5° to 30° south latitude. Before you come [124] In his account Ringrose mentions three Islas Lobos (seal islands: lobo de mar = seal). [123] Despite the wording here.cdlib.[124] I have found this to bee n Latt. This Island is 2 good leagues from the maine land. See n. not having one stick of wood nor no good taking in of water for any ship. It is a Country full of Indians. From hence the Coast runnes Nearest SE as far as the port of Saña. Chart 60 Silla de Paita = Cerros Silla de Paita. was founded in 1532 by Francisco Pizarro. the views on Chart 61 seem to have been copied from the same source as the other charts. wch is the Cause of the little trade it hath. Nearer to Punta Aguja is a small Village called Nonura. Wch is 36 leagues distant from the Southward End of Aguja. . 150 miles (241 km) long. and there they make a new Bark-log for their next Cargo. 6°50' on Chart 62). I have here drawne it as it appears at severall p ts of the Compass from you.[122] The Indians are greate Slaves to the Spaniards. [122] This is the northern part of the hot desert coast of South America. The modern oil terminal of Bayovar is probably on the same site. and (3) the "Southward Island Lobos" on Chart 62. Ensenada de Sechura = Ensenada de Sechura. Piura.chunk. [123] It is in South latt. (2) his "other Lobos" (the "Northward Island Lobos" on Chart 62). but it does not appear in Ringrose. it is the oldest Spanish settlement in Peru. Lobos = Isla Foca ('lobo' = wolf. Chart 61 Image not available.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Actually two islands separated by some 150 yards. charted today as Isla Foca (foca = seal) and the site of a lighthouse. located 35 miles (57 km) up the Río Piura. Pta de la Aguja ― 166 ― the bay is the Village of Sechura of 30 or 40 houses of Indians who gett there livings on the fishing trade for those Sardina's. Pta Pisura Nonura —town abandoned at an uncertain date. It is a Rocky Island only used by Indian ffishermen. this not being a league long. ― 167 ― Image not available. It is all a long a barren Sandy Coast. fifteen miles from shore in 6°25' S. known today as Isla Lobos de Afuera or Isla Lobos de la Mar.A Buccaneer's Atlas Port they came from.doc. Sechura = Villa de Sechura." ― 165 ― Image not available. known today as Isla Lobos de Tierra. 124. the "Southward Island Lobos" was much used as an anchorage by later buccaneers.id=0. thirty-five miles from shore in 6°55' S (Ring-rose gives its latitude as 6°20' in the text. and are not likely to be from Ringrose's own observation. hence sea-wolf. wch is as good a port as is that of Paita.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. The p t is a long high hill and to Eastward & westward of it are many Rocks. To the Southward Island Lobos is 6 leagues SE. originally named San Miguel de Piura. but they are not dangerous because they are very neare the shore. but up in the Country is plenty of all things. apparently close to each other but in reality encompassing some 120 miles: (1) his Isla Lobos between Paita and Sechura on Chart 60. ― 168 ― 6 degrees.

tres Leguas = Isla Lobos de Tierra ('Seal Island'). 640 feet (195 m). Rio de Saña = Río Saña (or Zaña). Likewise you must take Care to weigh your Anchors every other day or els when you would: you http://publishing. Chart 63 Civdad de Saña = Zaña. Rio fequantepeque = Río de Jequetepeque. At Malabrigo and Cherepe you must ride in 5 & 6 ffathom water. Farther along is the port of Pacasmayo [126] where they likewise lade corne but a very open road and greate sea. 80): ". 15 miles (25 km) up the Río Zaña. It is an ill port and is in south latt. you must steere NW to Cleare your selfe of the Island Lobos.doc." ― 171 ― Image not available. 1. Ermito tambo Pta Cherrippe = Punta Chérrepe.A Buccaneer's Atlas Image not available. abandoned during the colonial period. but you must look after your Cables otherwise the ratts will do them damage. [127] wch is the Embarcadero of the city of Truhilio. The Citty hath 7 Churches . . but some make there living by bringing it to the sea side and selling it to ships that stop here. Chart 62 the Northward Island Lobos al NE. ― 172 ― Further is the port of Malabrigo wch is known by its high hill. wch you will see in the Port and the hill [127] Of Guanchaco (Huanchaco) Hack says (f. 812 feet (248 m) ('malabrigo' = poor haven). & there is Ratts that will damnify your Cables: this I have experienc'd. See n. [126] Of Pacasmayo Hack says (f. etc. barley. Cerras San Pedro Morro Malabrigo = Morro de Malabrigo. Here is no water unless you goe a mile within land for it. ― 170 ― and aboute 500 ffamelyes. oats. 83): ". which is a bishoprick and very fine place. wch hath a hollowing in the midst. Lobos Morro de Etten = Morro de Eten.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Quebrada Pico Alto = Cerro Facio. though there runnes a very greate sea. [125] Corne" here is possibly Indian corn (Zea mays ). Pacasmajo = Villa de Pacasmayo. 6°55' S. At Cheripee ships loade Corne [125] for Lima and Panama. .chunk. but it could mean any of several Old World grams or cereals —wheat. to Cherripee is the River Saña wch leads to a citty of the same name 3 leagues up it. as also Mt Etten = Lat.id=0. 124 (Chart 62).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 2 leagues from the bay of Chicama is a small Island wch hath also a hollowing in the midst. Lobos * south. [128] You must anchor in 9 ffathom water right west from the Church. which lyes from it NWbN. Pta Aguja = Punta Aguja. 100 miles (160 km) long. A mile right off from the port of Cheripe is a shoale wch you must take heed of. . The Coaste along is an Iron Shore. From Malabrigo you saile SE for the Port of Guanchaco. . to the noe small Discomoditye of the Inhabitants.cdlib. 60 miles (97 km) long. If you saile from Malabrigo to Leeward. The best mark to know this bay is by the numerous flights of small birds wch are alwaise in this bay and not any where else near it.731 feet (528 m).

The town of Guañape is today called Virú. [129] Hence runes along the bay of Guanapee which is no good port. fruitefull Country. The Island of Malabrigo is with the Island of Guanape NNW 1/2 N & SSE 1/2 S[130] 4 1/2 leagues. betweene wch and Guanape are many Shoals. ― 176 ― ffrom this Island of Guanape to the Island of Santa is 10 leagues SSE and in the mid way is the Island of Chao. NW from the port of Santa. The bay of Chao is a good port but here is no water. no more then the rest." [128] "Iron shore" = a rocky and steep-to coast without anchorage.chunk. Rio Chicama = Río Chicama. 50 miles (80 km) long. Truhilio = Trujillo. 3. [129] This productive agriculture was made possible through irrigation as meltwater from the snow-covered mountains flowed through exotic streams across the desert coastal plain. but Campaña de Truhilio is at the sea side. Chart 64 Malabrigo al. Moche = Moche. today a large sugar-producing area. south of the Equinoctiall.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.cdlib. 755 feet (230 m).id=0. Este 5 leguas Campaña de Truhilio al NE = Cerro Campaña. but at the towne a league up. 50 miles (81 km) long. very Dangerous. having 2 crops of Corne in a yeare. Here runnes a very high sea soe that in the smoothest time it is dangerous Going a shoare in a boate. but have a care of it for you will not perceive it till you are on it. Chart 66 Morro de Guanape = Cerro Prieto de Guañape. Puerto de Guanchaco ffarellon de Malabrigo al NW = Islas Macabí. When you enter the Port look out for a streake of white sand wch is like a Roade and is within land near fferroll and having Discovered it you may safely anchor before it in 4: 5: or 6 fathom water and good Grounde. The port of Truhilio is in latt.doc.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Morro de Guanape = Cerro Prieto de Guañape. http://publishing. is a Shoale though not near a quarter of a mile out. It is a good porte and you may have provisions and wood and water. The hill of Guanapee is a very high hill butting into the sea and it is in south Latt. pleasant. The city is two leagues from the sea side in a brave. [130] "NNW 1/2 N" = north-northwest a half north. therfore Carefully to bee avoyded.268 feet (997 m).A Buccaneer's Atlas cannot they will sinck so deep in Ooz. On it is high double land in the Country. half a compass point (5°37'30") to the north of NNW. rich. ― 177 ― Image not available. Pta de Cao *guanchaco = Huanchaco. Rio Guanape = Río Virú. Puerto Chuelo = Salaverry. NNW 1/2 N and SSE 1/2 S are reciprocal bearings giving the trend of the coastline. ― 173 ― Image not available. La Madalina = Magdalena de Cao. but they use barque loggs to bring of there Corne. ― 175 ― Image not available. ― 174 ― Campaña to the NE of you. Chart 65 Rio de Truhilio = Río Moche.

This is a very high hill but highest close to Sea boarde. [132] At sea. 90): "In this port of Vermejo is sweet water: it is to be found 10 or 12 steps from the water side at which distance dig & you will find the water rise: it is Indiferent Good. . The product of the vally's is brought down to this port in waggons & from thence transported to Lima & : but here is no people dwells near the sea side: & the Fort that is in the bay is made of Linga" (possibly a wooden fort of logs of the Chilean tree lingue . the phrase a musket shot —rather than a stone's cast (or throw ). right of wch is a Shoale something nearer the Isle then the hill. . Santa = Puerto Santa. It is two good Stones casts [132] from the maine. a safe port. Casma is a very good port but something windy from noon till nighte. Isletta = Islas Chao. but between this Shoale and the maine is 17 ffathom water. Hack says (f. Chart 67 These hills are far up in the Country Morro de Santa —see Chart 66 n. ― 180 ― Side under water and you cannott see it but at low water and then it is a fathom and halfe under water." ― 179 ― Image not available. This port hath South lattitude . 1. Isla de Santa = Isla Santa. as here—was generally used to indicate a shortish distance. Chao —there is no town here today." some considerable distance south of Vermexo). three main islets ranging in height from 250 to 500 feet (80 to 150 m). [133] Of Vermexo (Vermejo = Puerto bermejo on Chart 69). Rio de Santa = Río Santa. of the genus Laurus . Isla de Santa = Isla Santa. Morro de fferrol al Este = Cerro Peninsula. Morro de Santa —a peak on Península de Santa. . The Island Santa is a league long and hath South Latt. From this Island to the port of Casma is 14 leagues SEbS.[131] At its Entrance is a shoale in the midst above water.doc. It hath an Island wch hath a small bay called the Laque of Calabra. Puerto de chao —at Punta Chao. Bombacho is a good port but not used by the Spaniard.chunk. On his Chart 69 Ringrose shows the symbol for a fort at Vermexo without naming it. From hence to the hill Called Mongon is 3 leagues. . Here is little trade. only a pier.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.A Buccaneer's Atlas it lies some 8 miles (12 km) inland. Ferrol is a league from Santa. Bacas de fferrol = Islotes Ferrol. 200 miles (322 km) long—one of the largest and most rapid rivers on the coast of Peru.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . http://publishing. It is no good port. Hence to Port Vermexo [133] is 4 leagues. Corrobado = Islote Corcovado ('corcovado' = hunchbacked). You may Enter on the north side and anchor in 6 ffathom water.778 feet (542 m). It is full of rocks and Inletts. Lett no ship ride here for here is a Strong leeward Current. there being no traffick for them.cdlib. You enter amongst severall Islands where you have deepe water. 475 feet (145 m).480 feet (451 m). close under a white hill which you may come very near to. * Puerto de Guanbacho = Bahía de Samanco. There is a rounde hill on the south side with white Streaks. named "the fort of Linga. another on the South [131] Typical onshore breezes are occasioned by a cool ocean current with upwelling and a high daytime temperature on the coast: the seaman's daytime "sea breeze. 1. On Chart 70 he shows the same symbol. 515 feet (157 m). Chimbote = Chimbote. Morro de Chao = Cerro Salina. ― 178 ― You may saile between the Island Santa and the maine but have a care of a small Island wch lyes betweene them.id=0.

('Port Vermexo' on p. The Coast along is full of high white Cliffs and not very high land in the bay and Port of Supe. The land is low to Sea board but all [135] Ringrose refers here to the guano-covered islets that are conspicuous features on this coast. ― 182 ― ffrom the Port Vermexo to the Port of Guarmey is 4 leagues. an oasis with fruit trees in a sandy desert on the Río Huarmey. Puerto de Guarmey = Bahía Huarmey. with two peaks above Punta Las Zorras.142 m)—the highest and most prominent feature on this part of the coast. two views here. bridge Caletas —'coves. al SE and al NE. Here is a small Rivulett of water wch in winter runnes into the Sea. Chart 68 Mongon al SE al NE *punta chinos = Punta Samanco. ta http://publishing. Hack f. From hence to the Island of Don Martin the Coast runs SbW. The guano. high in nitrate. on the top full of Sand.522 feet (464 m). [134] ee n. ― 184 ― Hence to Permonguilla is a rocky Coaste. Villamarín and Villamarín (1975).chunk. 43. This place from Sea boarde seemes an Island. [136] Ringrose was very critical of the Spanish treatment of the native populations. The port is peopled with Indians and Sambo's[134] but a league up is a good towne of Spaniards of 100 ffamelyes. Near to Permonguilla stands an old decayed Indian fort Called the fort of Linga where the Spaniards have Massacred thousands of the Poor natives as by some Sculls seen there to this day.) * South = Lat.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . [136] Near to the River Barranca stands the Old towne of Baranca but the new towne is built near there Port wch is a deep bay but little wood or water. Puerto de Casma —on the Río Casma. 1.cdlib. Puerto bermejo = Manache.743 feet (1. Chart 69 Mongonsillo = Colina Redonda. Within the port is a white rounde Island. From Casma hither the Coast runnes South. Guarmey = Pueblo de Huarmey. Chart 70 Cerro del Jaques de la Zorra = Cerro Las Tetas. was later mined for export as fertilizer. with a rounded appearance.683 feet (513 m)—on the south flank of Cerro Mongón. 3. 10°05' S. and Sherman (1979). [135] Hence to Rio de la barranca is 10 leagues." Pueito de Los Chinos =Caleta Los Chinos. 88: "Port of Chinos by ye name of ye Tortoishell. at Punta Mongoncillo. Isletta Mongon = Cerro Mongón. ― 185 ― Image not available.A Buccaneer's Atlas ― 181 ― Image not available. in some places white Streaks & Red. You must ride to windward of it in 8 fathom water. This Jaquoy is the highest hill of all the Coaste here aboute. This treatment has been considered in depth by Sauer (1966).doc.' of which there are many along this coast. 182.id=0. 1. very white because of the fowles Dung wch lyes on it. This port is in South lattitude . the southern point of Bahía de Samanco. MacLeod (1973). ― 183 ― Image not available. From Jaquoy de la Torra & this Guarmey there is 5 leagues. at the sea side Rocky.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.

The Village hath near 40 ffamelyes. Puerto de La Baranca = Bahía Barranca. You may pass for there is very deep water nearest 60 ffathom and little less to Lose Pescadores & Ormigas & if it bee calme weather you may ride any where on this Coaste.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Pta Galera = Punta Lachay. or Puerto Supe. Here on the southern bank of Río Pativilon is a steep cliff from which the town of Barranca derives its name. ― 188 ― The Island of Guaura is in south lattitude . Hence to Chancay the coast is SE. Cerro de Salinas = Cerro Sanú = Monte Salinas.800 feet (3. Hence to las Salinas is 2 leagues. From the Island of Guaura to the Island of Calao or Lima is 20 leagues SEbS. ― 186 ― along very high up in the Country. see n. The sd Island is in South latt. It is an Indiferent Port. [137] On leeward and windward ports. a league up. taking its name from the saltwater lagoon at its base. It is halfe a league long. In the way is good Riding. It is a small white Island a mile Distant ffrom the maine.A Buccaneer's Atlas de Gramandell = Punta Jaguey. Guaura = Huaura. at the leeward p t of wch you must ride in 9 ffathom.[137] In this windward Port ships ride where you have a River wch passes by the towne of Guara. bridge —the bridge at Huaura is over the Río Huaura. Hence to the Island of Don Martin is 3 leagues. * P South = Lat. From hence to the leeward Port of Guaura is one league and to the windward Port is one league more.100 feet (640 m). Rio Morro de * Guavra = Punta Carquín. ffrom the outward Isle of Galera to La chay is 4 leagues EbS. built by the Incas in the fifteenth century. have a Care of the windward Side of the hill ffor there abouts are many Rocks under water. a prominent pyramid-shaped hill. 10°45' S.chunk.600 m). Here is a good towne and a safe port. Chart 71 this is over Guara = Cerro San Cristóbal. It is a Country ffull of People. Puiblo de Supe = the town of Supe.id=0. Containing 100 ffamilyes. 108. 2. If a greate ship. 935 feet (285 m). From Barenca to this Supe is 3 leagues. . old towne new Barranca —today Población de Barranca extends as a strip settlement from the banks of Río Barranca south to Supe. useless to shipping owing to constant heavy surf and the steep aspect of the coast. with peaks to 11. the outmost but one is the biggest amongst these Islands. Hence to Pescadores http://publishing. which forms the southern side of Bahía Gramandal. Permonguilla = Paramonga. ? Coches Cerro del Injenio the fort of Linga = Fortaleza de Paramonga. Rio Barranca —'barranca' = ravine. This Salinas is a very greate hill wch Drounds it selfe in Pta Galera off of wch are 5 or 6 Keys. these hills are [continues on Chart 70B ] seen over the sea coasts = Cordillera Occidental de Los Andes (Cordillera Negra). Rio = Río Fortaleza. ― 187 ― Image not available.doc. Vicama Guacho = Huacho. In this port is a hill wch hath two little ones on its top. with a fort.

with its outport. 4 Nunneryes & one Colledge of Jesuists. Callao.doc. ― 190 ― is 2 leagues.000 m)." named for the Wise Men at Christ's nativity). ffrom Pescadores to the Island of Calao is 5 leagues. 11°18' S. and Stones with Guineas [139] and other rich things that the South part of the World Affords. The Port of Calao is a good port and the cheife of the South Sea for in Lima resideth [138] Lima.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Malgesi = Islote Pelado. and in its place of Riding is a small high hill.988 feet (606 m). Chart 72 Pta Galera = Punta Lachay. anti several islets.[140] It is the Seate of an Arch=bishop and through it runnes the River of Lima. [140] Lima is also the seat of the University of San Marcos. where gold was thought to have originated. Wth in the walls is a church and towne. Silver. It is walled aboute and hath 6 bastions made not in a Regular manner but 4 of them facing the Sea. Sierra de la Arena —peaks to 6. ― 193 ― Image not available. In the next 17 altars. Chart 74 http://publishing.A Buccaneer's Atlas ― 189 ― Image not available. These are N & S with Calao. In the first are 24 altars. Seat of the viceroy of Peru and of an archbishop and. From Hormigas to the Island of Lima is ESE 9 leagues. was founded in 1535.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. * Lat. Pescadores = Grupo de Pescadores ('The Fishermen'). pearles. the largest Island of Grupo de Huaura. a bight that extends 20 miles (32 km). S = Lat. 7 monasterys. which took its name from the Guinea Coast in West Africa. issued from 1663 to 1813. From Pescadores to the Islands Called Hormigas is 7 leagues WbS. morro = Cerro Macatón. Its cheife church ffor Bravery & Relicts is that of St ffrancisco. Marsaque = Isla Mazorca. Ringrose was perhaps referring to the Spanish real .cdlib. The unnamed river north of Bocanegra is Río Chillón. 70 miles (113 km) long. the next St Pedro. Chart 73 Image not available. The City of Kings[138] or lima is 2 leagues up from Calao and Calao is its port. Puerto de Anton de Rodas = Bahía de Ancón. From hence to Calao is a Chanall but not Easily found for the many Shoals in the way. ― 192 ― the Spanish Viceroy and to this port is broughte all the Gold. or Ciudad de los Reyes (the "City of the Kings. [139] A guinea was an English gold coin. 1. ― 191 ― Image not available. ffarrellon de D na Fran ca = Islote San Pedro. and on the South Side of it are severall others.id=0. La Chay Pescadores —the fishermen's houses are located at Punta Grita Lobos along the Ensenada Playa Grande. founded by a grant from Charles V in 1551. it was the most important city of South America. home port of the Spanish Pacific fleet. Ormigas = Islotes Hormigas de Afuera ('hormiga' = ant). Chancay = Chancay. which since 1565 had been minted at Lima. These Islands make a secure & safe Port. Rio = Río Chancay.chunk.500 feet (2. Boca negra = Bocanegra. In Lima are 38 Parish Churches. Calao is its port. The Island of lima is 2 leagues long and outward from it there is a small Key.

A Buccaneer's Atlas Boca Negra = Bocanegra. feb.' the way = Avenida Colonial.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . about 7 miles (12 km) inland. Pta Asia = Punta Malpaso de Asia. 80 miles (130 km) long. is on the road between Cuzco and Lima. rebuilt in 1770). to which it was connected by a highway. 932 feet (284 m). bring the towne South from you and you may anchor from 12 ffathom to 4 fathom. founded by Francisco Pizarro in 1535 as Ciudad de Los Reyes ('City of the Kings'). now Ayacucho. 12°03' S. lies about 220 miles (350 km) from Lima. elevation 11. 1579. If you would ride in this Port of Calao.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. See n. ― 196 ― http://publishing. Pitipili —probably the quay. Monte trigo Aguada —'watering place. at whose mouth are severall Islands and Rocks.cdlib. on top of which is a large cross. [143] Cuzco. along which a wind called the 'paraca' disturbs the sea from noon to dusk. Rio de Chilca = Río Mala. *Chilca = Chilca. this event took place on Friday.' Civdad de Los Reyes = Lima. Peña Horadada —'horadada' = pierced.500 m). *M. February 13 (new style). 120 feet (37 m). Pico Alta de Chilca Pta de Chilca—Punta de Chilca is actually the southern point of Caleta Pucusana. Gamboa reports that Drake cut loose seven of nine ships lying at anchor. From the Island of Lima to Rio de Pachacama SE is 4 leagues. Rio Pachacama = Río Lurín. 26. Rio de Lima = Rio Rimac. Guamanga. but today the city is continuous to the coast. not the northern as shown by Ringrose. &c. from Seville called at Puerto Bello. 'Lima' is derived from 'Rimac. The city today has more than fifty churches and numerous monasteries and convents and is the largest city and port of Peru. 1578 (Nuttall 1914): Fletcher (1628). the old capital of the Incas. 13. From these [141] According to the chronicler Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa. says that the date was February 15. having the shape of a quoin. 12°04' S. Guamanga. unnamed above. [142] The flora . The two accounts differ.[143] The port Calao is in 12 degrees South lattitude. Calao = Callao. 1578.id=0. ― 195 ― Image not available. one of the most easily identified features on this part of the coast.[141] In this port lye all the Kings ships and never depart unless when the fleete comes from old Spaine to Puerto Velo. Chart 75 Morro de Solon = Morro Solar. * South = Lat.doc. off of which lies Isla Chilca (or Isla Chuncho). *Callao in South = Lat. which runs through the town of Pachacama. the main throughfare between the harbor and the city center. on the Caribbean side of Panama. however. or royal fleet. Tambo Isla de Asia = Isla de Asia. Puerto de Chilca = Caleta Pucusana (or Puerto Chilca). to pick up goods from the Pacific coast of Central and South America that had been brought across the isthmus.[142] Within land are severall greate and rich cityes as Cusco. founded in 1537 and during colonial times the leading Pacific port. Callao was once separate from Lima. who was at Lima at the time. perforated. ― 194 ― Calao is ffamous not only for its being the Port of lima but also for that Sr ffrancis Drake did here Cutt loose 12 saile of Ships and took a Chest of Mony. or wedge.500 feet (3. Lima is dominated by Cerro San Cristóbal. Isla de Lima = Isla San Lorenzo. 8 or 9 in Number. Morro de Solon = Morro Solar. The site of Castillo Real Felipe (with five towers.chunk.

Rio Herball ta Herball—there is a prominent clump of scrub on the lower part of the cliffs near Caleta Jaguay. Today the town is called San Vicente de Cañetc. jetty . on the top of wch is a stone fort Built by the Indians who live about it. Rio Canete = Río Cañete. From this Port 2 leagues up is a towne Called Sto Domingo. were called guanoes by the buccaneers (JP4 . Sto Domingo = Puerto Tambo de Mora. ― 200 ― to the port of Pisco[148] is 3 1/2 leagues.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j." On folio 102 Hack says that cork and silver are exported from the port of Chilca. Hack says (f. 80 miles (130 km) long. 120 miles (193 km) long. [145] "Jet" = variant of jut .chunk. They Deale in wine & Brandy. It is a vast rich town containeing neare 300 houses. seafowl. possibly the marine iguana (Amblyrhynchus cristatus ). 101). Here is a good River for ffresh water. Rio Chincha = Río Chincha. from which guano is derived. http://publishing. This is the Greatest port of these seas for vending of wine and Brandy.id=0. Chart 77 Quebrada de Topara = Río Topara. is 8 Leagues.cdlib. It is a good port. which may P be Ringrose's P ta Herball. Chart 76 These halls are seen over the low land = Cordillera Occidental de Los Andes. Rio de Guambramayo Rio de Lorinchincha Caucato = Caleta Caucato. ― 199 ― Image not available. Up the River is a Village of that name where they likewise deale in wine and brandy. and hath very good Riding for greate Ships in 5 or 6 ffathom and for smaller in 3 1/2 fathom water. There is a towne Called Chilca 3 leagues up from ye sea side. This Towne of Pisco is in South Latt. They have a fort of 6 gunns. It is a Cleare Coaste along but much subiect to Calmes near the shore. ― 197 ― Image not available. Isla de Canete —consists of a reef with two above-water rocks named El Fraile and Ciriaco. ― 198 ― To Arica for our wine and other Commodityes. Here is a hill Jetting[145] into the sea. Neer this port are 3 Islands wch show white and hath on them multitudes of Guanas[146] and about them greate store of fish. which the Spanish brought to the Americas early on. In this Port of Chincha ships ride in 7 ffathom water. 99): "The Port of Chilca is the best & quietest harbour that is in all this sea: but it is so litle that it will not hold above 8 or 9 saile of ships at a time: but in it you ride landlockt from all winds. From hence to Isla de Asia is 3 Leagues and from hence to the Port of Canete wch by another name is Called Guarco. It is a very pleasant healthy Country. From hence [146] Iguanas.doc. However. [147] From Rio de Chincha to Rio de Lorinchincha is 3 leagues. [147] This coast is famous for its wine and brandy (distilled wine) produced from the Old World grape (Vitis vinifera ). and for it they are never without ships from severall other parts and have of there owne 15 saile. It is all along a Sandy Bay. to protrude. found also on the Galapagos Islands.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . cf. reptiles of the family Iguanidae. Here is a greate traffick [144] Of Chilca. ffrom Canete to Chincha is 10 leagues SSE. Cliffs from 440 to 550 feet (134 to 167 m) run from Rio Cañete south. Puerto de Canete = Puerto de Cerro Azul.A Buccaneer's Atlas Islands to the Point of Chilca [144] is other 4 leagues. They lye SW from the port 3 large leagues. Within Land you see the high hills wch show righte off at sea as I have Marqued them.

These deale in wine and brandy also. ffrom hence runs along many good Ports as to Leeward of Morro Quemado 6 leagues. Isla Blanca = Isla Blanca. 2. ― 203 ― Image not available. a high-quality anisette.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. On a bay here are 3 or 4 store houses for the towne is 15 or 16 leagues up in the Country. When you come out of Paraca bee wary of it.id=0. Chart 79 Morro de Vegas = Monte Carretas.A Buccaneer's Atlas . [148] The locally produced liquor. 100 miles (161 km) long.070 feet (631 m). Los Ollenos —guano-covered islet and pinnacles. Of him the Spaniards often ask Councell. *Lat . 103) says local wines from the valley of Yca are shipped from this port. Ysla de Carate = Islote Zárate. Gallan = Isla San Gallán. There are rocks to the north of the mesa called Islotes Infiernillos ('infiernillo' = little hell). Ballena La Ballesia = Islas Ballestas ('ballesta' = crossbow). 1. Morro Quemado = Monte Quemado ('quemado' = burning) 2. Hack (f. . a remarkably flat-topped ridge with a thick cap of reddish earth. on Peninsula de Paracas. *St. All those ports are most exellent & smooth and all starke calme only from noon to 3 a clock after noon. Puerto de Paraca = Bahía de Paracas.doc. 14°11' S. The unnamed island to the right of the mountain is Isla de Las Viejas. Chart 78 Rio Pisco = Río Pisco. ― 202 ― ffrom Pisco to Paraca is 3 leagues.cdlib. Rio de Yca = Río Ica. ― 204 ― another name is called the port of Lanasca that being a towne from whence comes greate store of wine & brandy. *14.158 feet (353 m). with no fresh water or wood.637 feet (499 m). 1. = Lat. off from whose point comes a shoale. In this towne is an Evill Spiritt wch they call Montelillo. Pisco = Pisco. a good port. *M. it is in South latt. ― 201 ― Image not available.160 feet (659 m). 1.chunk. One league ffurther is the Port of San Juan.[149] This Morro de Sangallan is in South latt. Isla de chincha = Grupo de Chincha. lying south of Punta Doña María at Punta Olleros. . Thence to Cavallo 6 leagues and soe to the port of San Nicholas wch by [149] This mid-afternoon calm is occasioned by the strong land-to-sea diurnal temperature and consequent pressure gradients.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Hack (f. Paraca = Monte Lechuza ('lechuza' = owl). South = Lat.020 feet (311 m).20. 13°51' S. Messa de Dna Marta = Cerro La Mesa de Doña María Francisca (Punta Doña María) is a prominent truncated conical mountain. Lagunilla = Caleta Lagunillas. Morro de Cavallo al NE = Morro Nazca. and hence goes much wine to Ariquipa & to Arica. pisco . 104) says that wines are shipped from the port but that Quemado is a bad harbor. There http://publishing. Distant from this port 15 leagues. 150 miles (241 km) long. takes its name from this town. which is north of Río Ica. From hence to Morro de Sangallan is 3 leagues. Lat S.

fronted by islets. *Morro de Acari = Morro Chala. (' Cinchona officinalis ' is an evergreen tree native to South America possessing medicinal properties.140 m). who was cured of a fever—possibly malaria—by the use of this bark.15 South = Lat. Here you have high land and from hence you may see the high lands of Atico. 149. From hence to Morro de Acari is 8 leagues. *Morro di Alico = Morro de Atico. Chart 80 Curacanguana = Cerro Huricangane. a reef extends half a mile off the coast here.30 S . This coast is identified by four dark cliffs. Ocona was a Cinchona-growing center in colonial times.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. all low land by the Sea Side. Here is no water but what is at a Pond a League up from the Sea. 3. *15. In the way are many hollowings in the land caused by severall rivers and close to shore are Severall Islands called ffarellones de los Pescadores.740 feet (1.660 feet (1. Penascos —'rocks'. ― 207 ― Image not available.id=0. = Lat.000 feet (183 to 305 m) in height. Chart 82 Morro de Atico = Morro de Atico. This Ariquipa is a towne 18 leagues from the Sea Side and its port is in South Latt. the highest point of a tableland. Hence to Atico is 16 leagues SEbE.) http://publishing.A Buccaneer's Atlas are severall Shoales but they are close to shoare. Ships doe ― 205 ― Image not available. 15°12' S. *Acary * 16. 5.726 m). ― 208 ― This Atico is very high land but hath no good place of Riding. it was named for the condesa de Chincón. At the Port of Ariquipa the wind Observes times much like as in the Port of Lanasca. ― 209 ― Image not available. From hence to Morro de Ariquipa is 9 leagues. ffrom it to Ocona is 9 leagues SEbE. [150] [150] See n.chunk. the Coast runs SEbE. Penascos Morro de Acari = Morro Chala.doc. all along high land. Puerto de San Nicolas = Bahía San Nicolás. an Iron wild Shore. The Río Atequipa flows into Caleta Quilquay about 4 miles (6 km) to the east of Punta Chala. wife of a Peruvian viceroy of the seventeenth century. Morro de Atiquipa —lesser peak below Morro Chala. 15°45' S. Puerto de San Juan = Bahía San Juan. farellones de los Pescadores —'Rocks of the Fishermen' ('farallón' = a sheer rock that projects out of the ocean).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . but within land is the high hill of Curicanguana wch is seen to Seabord as is sett downe at Acary. ffrom Ocona to Camana is 6 leagues.cdlib. . ― 206 ― not ride for it is a windy place and here doth runne a greate Sea. Ocaña = Caleta Ocona. from 600 to 1. Chart 81 Puerto de Chala = Puerto de Chala.

apple (Malus pumila ). famous for olive oil.chunk. *Aquilca = Quilca. the land beyond has peaks up to 5.' like a battlement. destroyed by an earthquake in 1868. nex in 1681. famous for olive oil and wine. alpaca. Pears.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Río Hilo = Río Osmore (or Río Ilo). lie on the northern side of Río Ilo (as indicated by the church in the chart). ― 212 ― the barre to unlade. 1681. a low sandy spit jutting out from an abrupt termination of a high tableland. ffrom hence to the Port of Chule is 12 leagues viz. Los Almenos —translates roughly as 'crenelated. *Quebrada Cornejo —lies behind Punta Cornejo. Some rocks lie off the point around Isleta Lobos. a desert coastal oasis—its vegetation is the only distinctive feature in the general monotony of this part of the coast. 15 and 19. ― 211 ― Image not available. ta http://publishing. and here they have much fruite as Olives. See also Introduction. This Chule is in South Latt. first in 1680. respectively).0 South = Lat. Thence to the Port of Hilay or Chilay is 5 leagues. The ruins of Ilo Viejo. * Lat. You must ride in 18 ffathom. Herba Buina = Caleta Yerba Buena. Hence to Hilo is 16 leagues SSE. [152] The passage is soe narrow here that butt one boate Can pass at a time. to the Island Cornejo is 4 leagues. Hack mentions an abundance of fish here. .A Buccaneer's Atlas ― 210 ― It is a good Port and is Peopled with Spaniards.id=0. peach (Prunus persica ). Peaches. 17. is south of the river (located in the chart by two houses). it being a very good port. lies in the Valle de Tambo and has a very fertile appearance. Chule = Mollendo. Isla de Cornejo = Roca Foca ('Seal Rock'). &c. 17°00' S. Chart 84 Rio Tambo = Rio Tambo. Pta Hilo = Punta Coles. [152] This cloth is presumably made from the wool of the South American ruminants (genus Lama ): llama. vicuña. Hether they bring the broade Cloath of Quito (w ch hath often kept mee warme). at the mouth of Quebrada Yerba Buena. and plum (Prunus domestica ) have all been widely cultivated ever since the Spanish first brought them to the New World. at the mouth of the Rio Vitor (or Quilca). as described in Bucaniers of America (JP3 .686 m). ― 213 ― Image not available. and is the port of Ariquipa. October 20.[151] It is seldome without ships or Barques. This ravine ('quebrada') appears as a green strip against the barren plain. 8891 and 142-44. Plumbs. In Hilay is most exellent Riding.530 feet (1. Población de Pacocha. p. 1680. pear (Pyrus communis ). [153] Wednesday. apples. You may from hence see the Volcan of Ariquipa 18 leagues up in the Country. or guanaco of the highlands. Chart 83 Camana = Camaná. and Sunday.doc. I have been in this port twise. At Rio Tambo you have 18 ffathom water but a greate sea. 160 miles (258 km) long. or Ilo Nuevo. March 27. The port of Hilo hath good water and a Village of Indians. Within the keys in 50 ffathom water.[153] Here runnes out a long pt into the Sea wch hath South latt. You must anchor west from the Valley in 18 or 20 fathom. Your boates may goe over [151] The Old World orchard trees olive (Olea europaea ). Thence to Chule is 3 leagues.cdlib. 140 miles (225 km) long. Pta Chilay = Punta Islay.

[154] It is ffrom San Gallan SEbS. Hence to Rio Juan Diaz is 6 leagues. the North pt is highest. Along this steep-to coast heavy swells called 'bravezas' sometimes occur during calm weather owing to the open aspect and the lengthy fetch of the South Pacific Ocean. possibly Punta Chorillos.500 feet (762 m). although the numbers of killed and wounded given in this account do not agree with those in his journal. Hence to Morro [155] Ringrose graphically describes this event in Bucaniers of America (JP3 . 18-19. dating from pre-Columbian times. Viz t Potosi. ― 217 ― http://publishing. pp. with Captain Watling. Rio de Juan Diaz = Río Lluta. was conquered by the Incas in 1250 and served the Spaniards as a Peruvian port during colonial times. viz. 113: "In a clear day you may see the Cordilera Nevada: this port [Arica] is the embarcadero to three very rich mines.cdlib. Arica has an average annual rainfall of 0. ― 214 ― Here are Delicate ffruites and I have walked a league up in an Olive walke. Puno & Plata. We were but 90 men there and the Spaniards had 700 men. reached by way of Puno on the west shore of Lake Titicaca. ffrom hence the Coaste runnes SbW as ffar as Tarapaca 26 Leagues. Thence to Pissaqua is 15 Leagues but 8 Leagues short is the River Camarones whence they cary water to severall places along the Coaste. who had replaced Sharp as commander after a mutiny only a week or so earlier. Here are 2 or 3 ffishing houses. . 460 feet (124 m). At the northern edge of the Atacama Desert. is 560 miles (900 km) by road from Arica on the coast. the richest silver mine in South America. Talcaguey = Cerro Tanapache. 100 miles (161 km) long. where are rich mines. In midway is Rio de la Camba. The buccaneers were soundly repulsed. to Rio de Vitor is 5 leagues. Rio de Sama = Río Sama. At the bottom of this Morro are 20 white cliffs. being among those killed.A Buccaneer's Atlas P de Cole—Ringrose applies this name to a point south of the modern Punta Coles.688 feet (1. 17°58' S.04 inches (1 mm). [155] This port is in South Latt. I was before the towne in 1680 but Jan. The river through the town (almost invariably dry) is called Río San José Hack f. This is the embarquadero where the silver of Potosy and other mines embarque for Lima. *Lat S = Lat. Puerto de Arica = Bahía Arica. some bigge.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Rio de la Camba = Rio Locumba.doc. Over these Costs are seen within land high hills Covered with snow. They conffessed they lost 75 killd & 107 wounded amongst whom was there Governour himselfe. ffrom hilo to Morro de Sama is Nine leagues. Arica. for a fuller account. ― 216 ― Castle soe wee lost 28 men killd & taken and 18 more we broughte of wounded. 130-36). 3. some little.id=0. 18°29' S. See Introduction. 2. Hence to the port of Arica is 10 leagues. Isletta = Isla Alacrán ('alacrán' = scorpion)." fort * Morro dey Arica = Morro de Arica. * South = Lat. It hath a hollowing on the top.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Chart 85 Morro de Sama = Morro Sama. ― 215 ― Image not available. 30.125 m).chunk. Here is a roade to Potosy and to Punio. The Coaste runnes SE. 1681 wee landed and took the towne but could not take the [154] Potosí.

to the east of Valparaíso (33° S). [158] Tacama is in South latt. 4." ― 219 ― Image not available. the longest Chilean river.700 m). 65 miles (105 km) long.000 m). owing to the clouds which envelop them and to their apparent uniformity of elevation" (Great Britain. *Lat. 275 miles (442 km). 21°26' S. Here is much fish. *Lat. 1578. 18°47' S. It stand on the sea shore northward of the River.000-10. Here I have seen the Church wch Drake Endowed. These Snow halls are seen wn it is cleare weather—"The snow-covered summits of the Cordillera Chart 86 de Los Andes are visible.000 feet (1. The only river to reach the Pacific Ocean through the Atacama Desert from the Andes. full of Sharpe rocks & no port or bay. 2). at nearly 22. This northern portion of Chile sees a greater number of clear days because of the dry climate. which otherwise perhaps would have kept him waking.380 m). wch hee took but left the man. about 4000. Rio de Loa = Río Loa.000 feet (5. Morro de Arica al NW = Morro de Arica." * South = Lat. these summits are rarely of use to the mariner. 20. 19°32' S. 54). in clear weather. barres of silver. . very deep water in the way. ffrom hence SWbS is the baya de Mexillones wch is a good port but no water. .000 feet (6. at Puerto Tocopilla ('algodonal' = cotton plantation).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.id=0. Rio Camarones = Río Camarones ('camarón' = shrimp). Chart 87 Yqueque —the city of Iquique was founded in the sixteenth century in connection with the discovery of the rich Guantajaya silver mines. Hence to Rio de loa is 12 leagues.cdlib. and so left him to take out (if it pleased him) the other part of his sleepe. *Lat. [157] Here is very high land to southward Called Algodonales. at a great clistance from seaward. weighting in all.500 m). the Rio Loa is navigable by portage. five miles to the east of Iquique. did him that injury we freed him of his charge. Hydrographer of the Navy 1968. Algodonales = Bahía or Punta Algodonales. 116: "At the River Loa stands a Church.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Rio de Pisagua —on Bahía de Pisagua.doc. against our wills. Here Sr ffrancis ffounde a man asleepe having 13 barrs of silver by him. and had lying by him 13. The elevation of the Andes here averages 5. with many peaks exceeding 18.chunk.20 = Lat. From Tacama to the Port of Morro Moreno is 9 http://publishing.A Buccaneer's Atlas Image not available. It is a league over. and landing there we lighted on a Spaniard who lay asleepe.500-3. Spanish duccatts: we would not (could we have chosen) have awaked him of his nape: but seeing we.20 = Lat. Quebrada de vitor = Quebrada Vitor. The highest point in the western hemisphere is Volcán Aconcaqua. Where the water is you will see a greate tree (w ch is a greate Raritye on these barren Coasts).00 = Lat. however. [157] According to Fletcher (1628. famed in the colonial period and now abandoned. on January 22. ― 218 ― de Tarapaca is 6 leagues and is in South Latt. [156] 5 leagues ffrom Tarapaca is the towne of Pica and under Tarapaca is the Island Yqueque. 19. You must ride Eastward of an Island in 15 ffathom water. ffrom this River to Tacama [156] This caution was brought about by the penetration of Drake into the Pacific over a century earlier. Hack f. Drake and his crew "came to a place called Tarapaca. Here are good mines but the Spaniard forbids to open them because they are soe neare the sea and soe open to any Enemy. Morro de Tarapaca = Monte Tarapacá. 20°20' S. 5 leagues ffrom Loa there is a pond of water and there are a few poore Indians whome the Spaniard call Paquissa. In more security.525 feet (1. ― 220 ― is 16 leagues SE. 20. which by the Spaniards relation was built by the Order of Sr Francis Drake.

800 and 2. It lyes ffrom Sangallan SbE. Morio Moreno al SSE * Baya de N. ― 223 ― Image not available. You ride right off from it in good ground but a greate sea. The Coast runnes SSW and very little good water all along. *Lat = 23°50' S. where high mountains and great ocean deeps are only 125 miles (200 km) apart.chunk. Not the same as the bay of the same name on Chart 90. http://publishing. ― 224 ― But in this bay is good water. it is famous for nitrate production begun in the mid-nineteenth century. You may ride behind Morro de Georje in 25 fathoms but not without danger. It is [158] Riparian vegetation on a true desert coast. founded in 1870. I advise to come no neerer then 25 ffathom water. . the convergence of which produces earthquakes and volcanoes. This is a very high black Clouded hill. All the way betweene them is a dangerous open bay into wch the SW wind blowes full.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.400 m) high. All this Coaste is very windy and Subjecte to Earth quakes. Morro de Georje = Morro Jara. Hence to the Port de Velas is 7 leagues. and neer halfe a mile from that point in the Sea is a small white Island wch when you anchor must bee just a head you. Chart 89 Puerto to de Morro Moreno = Bahía Moreno. which is more than a hundred miles to the north. It lyes in South Latt.900 and 7.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .doc. ― 221 ― Image not available.id=0. Chart 88 Atacama —the Atacama Desert. 418 feet (127 m). In this area particularly. and beareth from Morro Moreno So:1/2W[159] and the said morro may bee seen from hence in a Cleare and brighte morning. an extensive mining port and site of pre-Columbian ruins. From the high land comes downe a sharpe point. extending 600 miles (965 km) through northern Chile. Hence to Morro de Georje is 10 leagues SbW. "So:1/2W" = south a half west. Baya de Mexillones = Bahía Mejillones del Sur ('mejillón' = mussel). [160] The entire area portrayed in this waggoner is at the boundary between continental and oceanic plates. It is a very good place to Careene in but no water. Hence is good riding but very deep water for you must [159] The Morro Moreno mentioned here is not the same as the headland of the same name on Chart 89. earthquakes are common. ffrom hence to the bay of Nra Snra is 22 leagues. part of the Cordillera de La Costa. Sierras de Nra Snia —a range of mountains taking its name from the similarly named bays on either end and ranging between 5.cdlib.A Buccaneer's Atlas leagues. all along a wild unpeopled Coaste and an Iron Shoare with very high land.870 feet (1. consists of a series of dry salt basins where in many places rain has never been recorded. half a compass point (5° 37 ' 30") west of south. [160] The Coast runnes SSW as ffar as Copiapo. ― 222 ― a good port but open to the north wind. and it is in South latt. Señora —probably on the site of the port of modern Antofagasta.

Puerto de Guasco = Puerto Huasco. Baya Sallada = Bahía Salado. wine & sugar [163] for Chiluy. Chart 91 Copiapo = Puerto Viajo or Bahía and Río Copiapó. Ringrose refers here to a variety of edible crustaceans and mollusks. [162] In this port they lade flower. Along this coast were sugar mills (called by the Spanish ingenio de azucar ). a place of a Considerable trade. Coastal mountains. known as the Cordillera de La Costa. but here is no good water. 110 miles (77 km) long. The land here at Distance doth make like that of Sta Hellena. all good ridings and bayes. wch is brackish water. 'Vela' (sail) refers to guano-covered rocks that appear from far off as triangular white shapes. Chart 53. or sea urchin. *el Chirenal ― 226 ― ride in 30 ffathom water. Chart 90 Puerto de velas = Bahía Isla Blanca. Here is plenty of that sort of fish called Marisco [161] but no water. where you must Infallibly Perrish. The town of Copiapó was founded in 1540 by Pedro de Valdivia. El Totoral = Totoral. run parallel with the Cordillera de Los Andes from Arica (18° S) to Isla Chiloé (42° S). ― 228 ― fishing houses. ― 227 ― Image not available. and the low rainfall allows the guano to accumulate. Here is Endiferent Riding and a dangerous shoale wch lyes righte west from the river. This port of Copiapo is a safe port from [161] Marisco is Spanish for "shellfish".cdlib. It hath on its South side a white Sandy Cliffe. [163] "Sugar" here is probably sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum ). At Junial is very good Riding but no Inhabitants nor water. Hence to Copiapo is 3 leagues. Gett as far in to the Eastward as you can that the North winds may not drive you a shore. The nutrient-rich waters of the Humboldt Current support abundant fish and hence bird populations along this coast. where the sugar was hardened in rounded vessels to produce sugar loaves. It is a safe & good port from all winds but hath no water nor any thing else nessessary for man. ― 229 ― Image not available. including crabs and erizo de mar . el Junial = Caleta Pajonal ('pajonal' = place abounding in tall grass).A Buccaneer's Atlas ― 225 ― Image not available. Wth in this barre you shall see 4 or 5 http://publishing. Here is a towne of aboute 70 famelyes.doc. Baya de Nia Sn ra = Bahía Nuestra Señora. The Copiapó River is usually considered the southern boundary of the Atacama Desert. From Copiapo to Baya Salada is 6 leagues. sett the point SWbW from you and you will find good Anchorage. From hence to [162] See profile. If you would ride here.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Río Huasco (unnamed on the chart) is 140 miles (225 km) long. the two ranges are separated in the north by transverse ranges that delimit basins and in the south by a great valley. a perennial grass first brought by the Spanish from the Canary Islands to the West Indies and from there diffused throughout the New World. Without its mouth is a small Island. From hence to the Islands of Coquimbo is SWbS 40 leagues. Hence to Totorall is 11 leagues. Chart 92 Illas de Paxaros = Islotes Pájaros ('pájaro' = bird). *Coquimbo Southerly winds and hath a barre wch doth much breake the north wind.id=0. Hence to Chirenal is 6 leagues. el Chineral = Puerto Chañaral de las Ánimas.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .chunk.

: very good Grounde. These are 4 Islands wch doe lye one wth another NNE and SSW. however.500 feet (457-762 m) in height.id=0. see Aschmann and Bahr 1973. the buccaneers raided Guasco (Huasco) and obtained supplies of water. the highest Covered with snow and on from the Coasts are many Rocks and voide of any Port or bay. before they left.[168] To southward you may see very high hills. I was here in [164] On March 12. 30. I was here in 1681 and find the place a league up Inhabitted by the river side. and Aschmann 1973. For a discussion of the physiography of the Mediterranean area of Chile. p. sheep. 30°17' S.A Buccaneer's Atlas Puibla de la Serena = the town of La Serena. very rich Church robes.500. wine. Baya de Coquimbo = Bahía Coquimbo.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. flesh and water but an open roade. a good port from South and SW winds. From Tongoi to Limari is 7 leagues SSW. See Introduction. *Lat. goats. see Thrower and Bradbury 1977. Tortuga herradura = Bahía Herradura de Guayacán. the middle are the biggest. Chart 93 Limari = Río Lamarí.[165] Here is good Come. = Lat. ― 231 ― Image not available.[164] The place hath severall penns of Sheepe and Goats of wch we brought off good store. Tongoy is the site of copper smelting. .[167] It is in South latt. this raid.' The mountains seen from this coast are the Altos de Talinay. rising 1. p. has led to accelerated erosion over the centuries. Here is good riding and a River where are plenty of Craw fish. ― 230 ― the Port of Guasco is other 11 leagues. For more on man's impact on the Chilean landscape. They are covered by a Mediterranean woodland of small trees and shrubs. Hack f. [166] From the buccaneers' point of view. From hence to the Islands Paxaros is 14 leagues. 1681.20 = Lat. 15.40 S . located at the mouth of the Río Elquí 8 miles (13 km) north of Coquimbo. and grain. 31°00' S. 46-49. The town plan of La Serena illustrating Ringrose's journal is reproduced in the Introduction. 19. Hence to the bay of Coquimbo is 7 leagues. in contrast to the large cattle ranches of the inland valleys. This port is a Valley betweene high hills on whose topps you may distinguish very greate trees. Coquimbo is a major port. Ringrose does not. *Lat 31.2.doc. ― 232 ― the yeare 1680. [167] Craw fish" refers to any of several freshwater crustaceans of the order Decapoda. It is in South latt. made in December 1680. took much provision and some church plate. 127: "Out of this High Mount [Coquimbo] is taken aboundance of Copper which is transported to Lima." http://publishing. In Bucaniers of America (JP3 . At the Entrance are two small Isles and you anchor close by a small stone Called Tortuga. Baya de Tongoy = Bahía Tongoy. they set the town on fire because a promised ransom was not forthcoming. Hence one league is La Herradura & to the Port of Tongoi is 9 leagues SW. I was 6 or 7 mile up in the Country and saw about 70 or 80 houses but people all fled. which occupies the southernmost portion of the flat sandy cuspate bay. [165] The grazing of sheep and goats in the coast ranges of Chile by small landowners.cdlib. 29°57' S. was one of their more successful.chunk.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .[166] The bay is Covered with gold dust. stayed in it 4 days. mention here that. 119) Ringrose states that they "caught Craw-fish that were bigger than our English Lobsters. herraduia —'horseshoe-shaped [bay]. We took the City Called La Serena of 7 Churches and a Chappell. but La Serena is the larger city." *Lat = Lat.

*33. ― 234 ― hence to El Puerto del Governadour is 7 leagues. a euphorb native to Chile. Hence the Coaste runes South to the Port of St Iago called Valparaiso. Chart 95 Rio Concon = Río Aconcagua.id=0. : you must ride against the lowest land in 12 fathom water. The Latt.30 Lat. Rio Chile Campañado Quillote Rio Marga Marga El Almedrall Quebrada Elias * Vina de la mar = Viña del Mar. You must ride in 10 ffathom water. Puerto de Papudo = Puerto Papudo. 33°03' S. Quebrada del Pueito ? Que:de los bueys Puerto de Valparaiso = Bahía Valparaíso. and 20 leagues up is a City Called St Jago of 12 Parishes. = Lat. [169] In 7 fathom in this port you are secure from the South and North winds. 32°30' S. * Puerto de Quintero = Bahía Quintero. Hence SSW 15 leagues is the Port of Topocalma. = Lat. Here wood is laden for la Concession. This port hath a fort of 12 gunnes for its defence. Here is a River into wch a boate may enter.doc. ― 236 ― but you may Pass by them for Shore.chunk.A Buccaneer's Atlas [168] Possibly the relict cloud forest. secure from a North. The terminus of the trans-Andean railroad to Argentina. of this Port is . Amongst them is a greate Current. It hath very good riding and a very high hill in the port. Pta Concon = Punta Concón. It is all http://publishing. Puerto de la Ligua = Caleta Ligua. Here is a shoale but hath two fathom at low water. Hence to Papudo is 3 1/2 leagues.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . a good Port and in South latt. including Aextoxicon punctatum . *Lat S . Hence to the Port de Quintico is 3 leagues. You may ride behinde the rocks. Chart 94 Puerto del Governador = Bahía Conchalí. Hence to Valparaiso is 6 leagues. It is but an Indiferent port for the North wind blowes righte in at its mouth. today it is the most important port on the west coast of South America.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. good grounde. Hence to Las Salinas is 9 leagues. Pta de la Vallena = Punta Pichicui. Valparaíso ('Valley of Paradise') was founded in 1536 by Pedro Valdivia. To the Port La Ligua is 7 leagues.cdlib. In the riding place you have 12 fathom water. ― 233 ― Image not available. Hence to the Port de Quintico is 7 leagues. S . Here are severall shoales above water ― 235 ― Image not available. off wch you may ride in 5 or 6 fathom water.

[171] In this River Maule is much timber Wth wch they build Ships at the Rivers mouth.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Rio de Rapel = Río Rapel. Hence to Rio de Maule is 8 leagues. 125 miles (200 km) inland. was the port for Santiago.cdlib. Chart 97 Pueito de Navidad Quebrada de lora *Lat. Rio de Ytata = Río Itata. Pta de Humos = Punta La Vieja. *Lat 35. Rio de Maule = Río Maule. all rocky way. The chief native forest association to the south is Nothofagus .id=0. You ride a mile to leeward of an Island and in 25 or 30 fathom water. fformerly a greate Garrison of Soldiers wch fought the Indians of Arauco. as now. runing SW. This is a windy coaste and much subject to Norths. Caranca = Bahía Chanco. From Ytata to La Herradura is 6 leagues. on the Río Bío Bío. ― 238 ― deepe water. Hence to Ytata is a populous Country. [171] Concepción marks the beginning of the transition between the Mediterranean and humid mid-latitude climatic zones. You may ride safe here from North and South winds.doc.A Buccaneer's Atlas [169] Valparaíso then. ― 237 ― Image not available. Here beginns woody land and Continueth all the way to la Consession. Concepción. It is in South latt. ― 239 ― Image not available. In North ships ride in 12 fathom water at the Point Talcaguana within the Key Called Ollas which is 1/2 a league to westward of it. These trees. Wch lyes in the Port of La Consession.40 = Lat. . Hence to Quebrada [170] de Lora is 6 leagues and hath riding near to severall white Cliffs. 175 miles (282 km) long. were not conquered to the http://publishing. as reflected in the vegetation. It is full of shoals.chunk. "quebrada" refers to broken country. ffrom Herradura to Quiriquina is 3 leagues SW. wch is a greate City of Spaniards. all very deep water and Iron Coaste. the most intractable of all Indian groups on this coast. * Quebrada de Valloa Chart 96 ffarellon del Obispo Pta de Caxaoma Quebrada de Vazquez * Puerto de San Anton Las Salinas Rio de Maypo = Río Maipo. are actually members of the oak family. 155 miles (250 km) long. 34°10' S. 110 miles (177 km) long.S = Lat.[172] but now many merchants live there. Hence to Pta de Humos is 11 leagues. also marked the southern limit of permanent Spanish settlement at this time. Here the Spaniards lost Capt Marroquin and 60 [170] In modern terminology. Sin ffundo Herradura = Bahía Coliumo. ― 240 ― men drowned. the so-called southern beech. If a north blows. On the barre is 3 fathom water when low water. The Coastes run SSW. 36°23' S. 34. cleane and good grounde. Pta de Topocalma = Punta Topocalma. you anchor on the south side and if [172] The Araucanians of Chile. of several species both evergreen and deciduous.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.

the second Punto Labapi (added by "Black") is here misnamed. Quiriquina Pta de Talcaguano = Punta Tumbes. lo Alto de Tucapell = Cordilleras de Nahuelbuta.20. the easternmost point of which is named Punta Delicada. Pta de la Bapi = Punta Lavapié.' meaning rocks that are awash). although it is one of Chile's longest rivers. 38°30' S. a griffin (see Chart 11n). This Island is a refuge for Indians that fly from the maine maine land to live here at peace. Puerto de Carnero = Bahía Carnero. where today it straddles the Río Bío Bío. Rio Ymperial = Río Imperial. on the Golfo de Arauco. Chart 99 Valle de Arauco = Arauco.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. *Rio Larquin Chart 98 de Valdivia in 1551. = Lat. *Lat. La Delicada = Isla Santa María.chunk. Hence to Bio bio. good grounde and Anchorage [173] This area had a number of fortifications manned by troops who attempted to control the frontier. the port for Concepción after 1730. ― 243 ― Image not available. Hack f. After an earthquake in 1730. 80 miles (128 km) long. The modern chart shows no rock in that position. ― 242 ― the South wind blowes then they anchor on the North side. Queule = Río and Bahía Queule. 135 miles (217 km) long. ." *Pta de Tirno = Punta Tucapel. *Lat . 'Beacon of the Surf. it is navigable only near the mouth.[173] From hence to La Mocha is 12 leagues. * Civdad de la Conceptn = Penco. Costa Baja = 'low coast. Tetas de Biobio = Tetas del Bío Bío—two peaks of 800 feet (244 m). Spanish rule ended in 1818. ffrom the River of Imperiall to Queule is 12 leagues. rising in the Andean lakes and flowing 240 miles (386 km). ― 241 ― Image not available.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Farrelles de Ollas = Roca Quiebra Olas (roughly.A Buccaneer's Atlas south of Concepción until the end of the nineteenth century.doc. wch are two high hills. 37°09'. Marrinas = Punta Marinao. 140: "The high Mount of Tucapell is the place where the Indians hold theire Generall Rendevooz: & drink & consult what enterprize they shall take in hand and there they murder'd the Governour of Baldivia. 37. This point lies north of Bahía Carnero in Lat.id=0.' Ysla de Mocha = Isla Mocha ('mocha' = blunt). the site of the original city of Concepción. Concepción was moved 8 miles (13 km) to the south. 37°03' S. Rio Biobio = Río Bío Bío. There is no deep water on Either Side. From Sta Maria wch is Called Delicada to La Mocha is 24 leagues SW. St Vincents is a secure port from all winds but the west. It is very well peopled and is in Latt. ffrom Sta Maria to Puerto de Carnero is 12 leagues. Costa Baja Rio Tolten = Río Toltén. Near the point is a place called Talcahuano. Puerto de San Vincente = Bahía San Vicente. *Rio de Tucapel = Río Lebu (name changed in 1862). Hether come Soldiers. is 3 leagues. *Punto Labapi —sec Pta de la Bapi above. which today is a major port and the foremost naval base in Chile. Griffo —from mythology.cdlib. Penco now is only a minor port with ceramic works. http://publishing. founded by Pedro Peltome = Tomé. = Lat. It is low land.

id=0.[174] Soe soon as you enter the river of Baldivia you will see two branches. Gateway to the Chilean lake district. Chart 100 Rio Tolten = Río Toltén. a town on Puerto de Corral. the surrounding area was the site of many battles in the Indian Wars.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.A Buccaneer's Atlas ― 244 ― ffor Ships that come in here. Hence to Pta de Godoy is 6 leagues. Isla del Rey 6 Legues Rounde = Isla del Rey. Estero de Don Juan Rio Lanquen = Río Valdivia. named for the sixteenth-century Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia. Hence to Pta Quedal is 9 leagues SSW. Hence to the Port and towne of Carilmapo is 4 leagues. Centeneca Morro Gonsalo = Morro Gonzalo. This channel and the one labeled here enter the frigats are two of the distributaries of the Río Valdivia that connect the city of Valdivia with the ocean. Morro Bonifacio here enter the frigats —see Torno de Galeon below. Ysla de Baldibia = Isla Teje. ― 245 ― Image not available. It hath severall keys under its high land. all else is high land. Pta Niebla Ysla de Constantino Perez = Isla Mancera. It is an ill and Dangerous Hence to Pta Galera is 3 1/2 leagues. formed by the confluence of the Río Calle-Calle and the Río Cruces at Valdivia. Morro Gonsale is in latt. Hence to Rio Buino is 5 http://publishing. ― 246 ― leagues. Isla Callacalla * Here stood the Citty Baldivia = Valdivia. The river makes a deep hollowing. 11 miles (20 km) long. The Southernmost is ye best therfore Ships use that and it is to the towne better then 6 leagues. Ringrose shows this large island much smaller than it should be. Today the frigate channel is dredged and is the navigable passage to Valdivia. would need a deeper channel. Here is another hollow Valley.cdlib. possesses one of the finest natural harbors on the Pacific coast. high Doubled land but the point low to the sea side. being larger ships than frigates. The Islands are Inhabitted by Indians. founded in 1522 by Pedro de Valdivia. Rio tonguilon Enseñada de Sta Anna Pto Gordo Rio Claro Enseñada de San Juan = Ensenada San Juan.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .' Pta Galera = Punta Galera. site of a Spanish fort founded in 1642 (not shown on Ringrose's chart). South. Hence to the port of San Pedro is 10 leagues. Rio San Martin St Xhvall * Puerto de Zettrall = Corral. Playa —'beach. Another fort is at port Corall. The other only boates use and it is not full. with a greater draft. Here ships doe Ride that are bound in for Baldivia.chunk. Two leagues up in the greate Chanell is an Island Called Constantino on wch is two forts to Command any Shiping Wch shall enter. fort ? Dutch Retirete Rio de Asilla Rio Anin Torno de Galeon = Río Tornagaleones ('Return of the Galleons'). From Queule to Morro Bonifacio is 12 leagues and hence to Puerto de Corall is 4 leagues. Rio Mariquina = Río Cruces.doc. [174] The port of Valdivia. Galleons.

As you enter by Quillan. You may pass by the snow hills for the port of Chiluy and pass by the Island Chaulineque.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. There is a reef named Godoy 5 miles (8 km) to the north.id=0. located inland in the central valley. active in 1928. The Valley de la Crus is the cheife port of the Island Chiluy and leads ― 249 ― Image not available.30 . Pta Quedal = Punta Quillagua. 41. Osorno —the city of Osorno. 41°00' S. 6.660 m). From this Inmost pointe you must saile EbN 8 leagues and you shall see a rock like a barke and thence you may see the Islands of Chiloa. South.A Buccaneer's Atlas Port. Alto San Pedro Bolcan de Yuanavia = Volcán Calbuco. became the provincial capital in 1937. This port is in latt.20 = Lat. Pta de Ancud ― 248 ― 2 or 3 keyes at its head. This is a high p t and hath ― 247 ― Image not available.doc. La Baya Bolcan de Osorno = Volcán Osorno. which is very greatly exaggerated in the chart above.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . *Lat. a greate people. founded in 1769 on the site of ancient forts and ruins. Pta de San Pedro = Punta San Pedro.015 m). Thence to Puerto de Laqui is 6 leagues and soe from thence to Punta de Quillan is SSW 29 leagues. Chart 102 Calluco Chope ? Actro Chausos Tae Colomaba de benchimibeda Patangas Chi duape Tolton Manlin Agrio quinal Guaylaque Caylaque Altan http://publishing. known for its symmetrical cone. 8. on the peninsula La Isla. 40°13' S. Pta de Godoy = Morro Amortajado ('amortajado' = enshrouded). From Quillan to the inmost p t of the Island Chiluy is 10 leagues. The Island Guaffo is a high Island and in South latt. navigable for 40 miles (64 kilometers). 75 miles (121 km) long. *L. The modern city.725 feet (2. Pta Galera = Punta Galera. Hence to Puerto del Engles is 4 leagues. 40. founded in 1558 but destroyed by Araucanian Indians a number of times. Calbuco ? Altonlina° Puerto Yngles = Ancud. . Chart 101 Rio Buino = Río Bueno.611 feet (2.cdlib. there are 2 or 3 greate Islands and further you may see land on your starboard side. = Lat.chunk. These are the Islands of the Chonos. Ya Pedro Nunez *Carilmapo = Carelmapu.

[175] hides and Tallow. Puerto Yngles = Bahía de Ancud. Puerto de Cucao = Bahía Cucao. Estervan = Estero San Esteban. 45°25' S.[176] But it is a high hilly land. Now the Spaniards Can goe no further in theire Coasters because they trade no further and will not that theire owne people know the passage out of these seas).[177] Dangerous shoales and wild Indians. Pta de Ancud = Punta Corona ('corona' = crown). The location of the wreck of the "Diego Gallego" cannot be determined. Seno Gallegos. Tetas de Cucao —two peaks. Guafo = Isla Guafo.cdlib.id=0. for to it the Indians bring Ambergrease. I was in November 1682 [sic ] in latt. Chart 103 Guaffo = Isla Guafo. while half a degree to the north are three points—Punta Gallegos. 192). Ringrose saw "a very large Whale" in the open ocean in this latitude (JP3 . ― 250 ― To the City of Castro.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. limuy = Isla Lemuy. full of deep bayes.doc. Chaca ? Valle de La limo Quinchao = Isla Quinchao. Chaylin Coleta huablin Cayle Panuen Mamon Chonos Madalina = Islas Guaitecas.A Buccaneer's Atlas Calcaquey Lindin Cheulineque = Isla Chaulinec. [176] The Spanish had no detailed coastal information below this point until the Strait of Magellan (53° S). Queny = Isla Quenac. Rio de Rabudos Rio sin fundo t .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . but a http://publishing. Choncas Pta Quilan = Cabo Quilán. ― 251 ― Image not available.300 feet (400 m) high. overlooking Bahía Cucao. and ships from lima Come and bring them Cloathing for theire Commodityes. Rio S On this shole Diego Gallego was lost —the point south of Bahía San Andrés is called Cabo Gallegos (46°20' S). [177] This fjorded coast has glaciers reaching the sea. some of which actively calve small icebergs. Tanqui = Isla Tranqui. Linao = Bahía Linao.15 = Lat. Hente Chonos Los Coronados *45. almost all the yeare Covered wth snow. and Península Gallegos—that appear similar in shape to the features on the Waggoner chart above. in a Gulfe [175] Ambergris is a waxy substance formed in the intestines of the sperm whale (Physeter catodon ).chunk. wch is Inhabitted by the Spaniards and a place of greate trade. Isla de Chiluy = Isla Chiloé. 1. La Madalina = Islas Guaitecas.

over 6 inches (16 cm) in length (JP3 .id=0. Baya de San Lazaro La Campaña = Isla La Campaña. Sant Andrew to Streights of Magellan the Coasts runs N. 23-24. ― 253 ― Image not available. named for the brother of King Charles II. and S.) The island is still so named on modern maps. They are full of Feathers on their bodies. Wee found extreme good ports [178] but a very windy Coast. Puerto de Hernando Gallego Baya de los Reyes = Boca de Canales.20 = Lat.15 = Lat. enough to serve 100 men. [182] We saw [178] In October 1681. (See Introduction. a marine gastropod mollusk found in the intertidal zone.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .cdlib.' San Martin Serrania = Cordillera de Los Andes. all most pure and exellent good. *47.A Buccaneer's Atlas shoal called Isla Inchemo is a possible site.doc. [181] The principal penguin of this coast is the Magellanic (Spheniscus magellanicus ). "Black" was presumably identifying the Nuestra Señoras (today called "Mother of God" rather than "Our Lady") with the Duke of York's Islands. [180] The mussel (genus Mytilus ) is a marine bivalve mollusk also found in the intertidal zone. Baya de San Juan = Bahía Tarn.chunk. Nra Sma S = Archipiélago Madre de Dios. . At this location Ringrose states. By placing S against that island group. They had Fins like the fore-fins of Turtles: white breasts and bellies. but the shoreline is one of the most convoluted in the world and. nearby they found an Indian midden of "mussels and Lampert shells" (JP3 . three times as much as we could eat". who had heads like unto Muscovia Ducks . Cabo de San Roman = Cabo Raper. which migrates from central to southern Chile in the summertime. Wee lay there a month and every day took lamperts [179] off the rocks. [179] Ringrose refers here to the limpet (family Acmaeidae). . pp. 190-91). 47°11' S. Some were of great size. Some few Penguins wee Caughte (w ch are a most exellent fowle but there wings are not large enough to beare there bodyes soe they live amongst the Rocks and in the water). Cabo de San Andreas = Bahía San Andrés. [182] These fowl probably included the lesser Magellan goose (Chloephaga picta picta ). also Mussells. From La Campaña north to the edge of the chart the coast is within the Golfo de Peñas. *S. where Ringrose and his shipmates had made astrolabe http://publishing. and their hinder parts are like unto those of a Seal. wherewith they cut the water" (JP3 . [180] some 6 Inches long. the Trinity anchored in an inlet that the buccaneers called English Gulf on Duke of York's Island. and note on N S opposite Chart 104. These birds and others were netted by the Indians. but several other species are found around Tierra del Fuego. according to the British Admiralty Pilot. 46°17' S. Sta Catalina The general trend of the coast is nearly north and south. Chart 104 Baya de Nra Sma Sta Barbara = Isla Javier. "We brought on board great store of Lamperts of which we made a kettle of broath . 46. ― 252 ― amongst a parcell of greate Islands whose tops where covered with snow. is still imperfectly known. "This day we saw many Fishes or rather Fowls. who became King James II. C° Corso Ancon Sin Salida = 'bay without an outlet. 183). as also two feet like unto them. * From Cap. [181] Severall other sorts of fowle here are but most of them tast very much of fish wch is there only food.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. their beak and eyes being red. 180).

― 254 ― but the land all over Barren and Rocky. Ysla de San Gonsalo = Cabo San Gonzalo. Baya Grande = Bahía Gente Grande. 1681. the most common species of duck in southern South America. Cavo San Bartholomeo = Cabo San Bartolomé. *Lat. 182). Rio Gallego = Río Gallegos. Mar del Sur = South Pacific Ocean. The Straights of St Vincents [187] are 9 leagues long and in latt. wch was till of late the only known Passage into the South Sea. including the English navigators. Vincente = Cabo San Vicente. [185] Antigua.[185] Hee was very darke Coloured. St Sebastians mouth = Bahía San Sebastián (falsely shown as connecting to Estrecho de Magallanes). Cavo de Peñas = Cabo Peñas. 54°53' S. ffarrellones de Monte Gordo = Islote Veleros ('velero' = sailboat or sailmaker). Baya St ffillipe = Bahía Felipe. but I have lately in the yeare passed to south of Terra Fuego & [183] This reference is probably to the Chilean pintail duck (Anas georgica spinicauda ). "The chief mountain-chain of southern T[ierra] del http://publishing.doc.00 . the name given by Sharp three hundred years ago. called by them "English Gulf. marks the western entrance to the Strait of Magellan. Magellan Mouth to = Cabo Espíritu Santo ('espíritu santo' = holy spirit). ― 255 ― Image not available. today a lighthouse on one of these islands. = Lat.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. [183] . The buccaneers' latitude and descriptions of the "Trinity"'s harbor of refuge. Estrecho de San * Vincente = Estrecho de Le Maire. used this passage to reach the Pacific. who passed through the tortuous waterway in 1520.cdlib. South .chunk. [186] It is in length 120 leagues in latt. Wee took one of the Natives. Cavo de San Estovan = Cabo Setabense. in the Leeward Islands (17° N 61° W). [184] The capture of this Indian youth is described in detail in Bucaniers of America (JP3 . Cavo del Espritu S Baya de hombre de Jesus = Bahía Lomas ('nombre de Jesús' = name of Jesus'). changed by Hack to "King James the 2 nd his Isle" in the waggoners dedicated to the new king in 1685. Sierro de San Ylefonco = Cordillera Darwin. Fernão da Magalhães. It was common practice to pick up natives and transport them long distances. the Four Evangelists.id=0. obtaining a latitude of 50°37' (see Introduction. 55. The southernmost island of the group is still called Isla Duque de York. was settled by the English in 1632 and was a Crown Colony at the time of Ring-rose's visit in January-February 1682.A Buccaneer's Atlas observations ashore on October 18. Pta Arena = Punta Arenas. Hence the land runnes SE to the Straights of Magellan. Ysla de Diego Ramirez = Isla Diego Ramírez. los Evangelistos = Grupo Evangelistas. Covered only with a seales skin throwne over his shoulders. 24). Cavo San Ynes Cavo St. p. Chart 105 Mar del Norte = South Atlantic Ocean. After that date others.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . [184] a lad very also some wild Ducks well sett and Strong and broughte him with us to Antego. used by the Spanish. its light 195 feet above Mean High Water Spring Tides." indicate that it was almost certainly today's Puerto Morales. [186] The Strait of Magellan is named for its European discoverer. [187] An alternative name for the Strait of Le Maire (see n. Cavo Virgines = Cabo Vírgenes. 188).

Apostoles = Rocas Apóstoles. ranging along the north side of the northern arm of the Beagle Channel. These two Islands[191] ffollowing are in South Latt [188] 110 leagues west from Valparaiso. South of Estrecho de San Vincente —now known as the Strait of Le Maire—today's Beagle Channel is not shown. 1682 (latitude 52° south to 13° north). today's Cabo Pilar. Cavo Victoria = Cabo Victoria. 116). NE side the Isle. Nearly forty years earlier Drake had passed from the east to the west through the Strait of Magellan and was driven southward to discover Drake Passage to the south of Tierra del Fuego. one of the most famous castaways of all was marooned on these islands. 6)—nor the last. Ringrose and his companions left behind an Indian. Darwin visited here in 1830 with Captain FitzRoy when a second sea passage through the tip of South America.A Buccaneer's Atlas Fuego. St Sebastians mouth does not. Volcan Telos —an unnamed peak on Isla Santa Inés. whereof there is great plenty in this Island" (JP3 . [190] Ringrose entered the Pacific at the Gulf of San Miguel in an Indian canoe on April 18. "Very good timber for building of Houses and other uses" (p. Hoorn. the Canal Beagle.doc. as later celebrated by Daniel Defoe in his great adventure story The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York. Estrecho de Magellan = Estrecho de Magallanes.400 feet (1. after Drake had navigated the passage in 1578. [has] two points (Mounts Sarmiento anti Darwin) rising to heights of 6. he apparently did not see Cape Horn. At the Eastward Isle is good Riding. Ysla de Diego Ramirez appears too close to Tierra del Fuego—the several islands actually lie some sixty miles from the nearest land. and a day on which "we got in two hundred jars of water" (p. however. 122). [190] stay in the South Sea. in fact. On their hasty departure from these islands. ― 256 ― and first land wee made was his Maties Island of Barbados[189] after two years to East of Le Maires Straights. .id=0.100 m]" (Darwin 1846. at the top of the chart. San Valentine = Cabo Valentín. ― 257 ― http://publishing.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . n. 1681. good wooding and watering. On the Pacific side we find Cavo Desiada . Mariner (1719). and January 28. Though Ringrose gives no name to it. exist. is cut off. [192] Ringrose reports "a shoal of fish a mile and more long" and "Goats. . who. The other peak was named after Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa. the feature named by Le Maire and Willem Schouten in honor of Schouten's birthplace. This voyage seems to be the first navigation of Drake Passage from the Pacific to the Atlantic. Baya Grande Cavo Desiada = Cabo Deseado ('deseado' = desired. Evangelistos = Grupo Evangelistas.800 and 6. Indeed. 18. 1681. Staten or Albemarle Island). [191] The Islands of Juan Fernández were discovered in 1585 by the Spanish navigator for whom they are named.cdlib. This chart shows very well the late-seventeenth-century idea of the geography of Tierra del Fuego. Neither Ringrose nor Hack shows Cape Horn as such. Boqueron = Paso Boquerón ('boquerón' = wide opening). craved) = Cabo Pilar. The unnamed Isla de Los Estados (Staten Island). was discovered. 116).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. lobos Civdad del Rey Ysla Nevada = Seno Nevado.342 m).900 feet [2. that sailors were left stranded there (see Introduction. [189] Barbados was the first land sighted by the crew of the Trinity between November 14. He rounded Cape Horn at latitude 58° south in the Trinity about November 15.chunk. This was not the first time. and reached Antigua at the end of January 1682. 1680. The Netherlands. plenty of fish and Goates. p. 445). [192] ffinis [188] The first recorded rounding of the southern extremity of South America occurred during the 1616 voyage of Jacob Le Maire (a Dutchman whose name is given to the strait between Tierra del Fuego and the easternmost island of the Fuegian archipelago. . however. Hack calls Staten Island "Albemarle Island." giving it a latitude of 54°45' S. led an expedition to the Strait of Magellan and established an ill-fated colony there in 1584. 4. On the Atlantic side.

the "Enchanted Isles"—were discovered in 1535 by Tomás de Berlanga. JP6 . Dampier anti Wafer were both in the Batchelor's Delight . Redondo. did give them all distinct names. In a word if this Isle was inhabited it would be very profitable in matter of trade in time of peace with the Spaniard: & if a war very usefull to the English. and were first charted in 1570 by Ortelius. 3. verifies this reference meridian. who called them "Insulae de los Galepegos. The islands are of special interest to naturalists for their wildlife arrested at various stages of evolutionary development. Chatham. Hack ff. lying on the equator 500 to 650 miles (800 to 1. Duncan. Although Capt. the islands became a favorite place of "refreshment" for buccaneers in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries and for whalers. governor of Virginia 1680-83." On f. being in the Cygnet . 34°47' S.413 feet (1.) Considering the difficulties of determining longitude at that time. a point of land in Cornwall 5°13' west of Greenwich. Chart 107 [This chart." (JP6 .200 feet (976 m). 148-49: "These Isles was discover'd in the year 1585 by Juan Fernandes." published in 1719. The island is uninhabited. which included as well Isla Más Afuera ('más afuera' = farthest away) and Isla Santa Clara (Goat Island. 1859). The islands were visited by two English buccaneer ships in June 1684. Robert Fitzroy). lived on this island from October 1704 to February 1709." Hack notes: "It is not inhabited but if it were it would prove the sharpest thorn that ever toucht the Spaniard. is not in Ringrose's hand and must have been added to the Waggoner after the Islands had been visited by Eaton and Cowley in 1684. This is the largest of the three Islas de Juan Fernández. when the naturalist Charles Darwin gathered much of the evidence that led to his On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (London. mi. probably named http://publishing. and the former published an account of the islands and their fauna and flora in his 1697 A New Voyage Round the World (JP4 .650 m). the main island is 120 leagues (360 naut.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Though Ringrose was not present at that time. ― 258 ― The Galápagos Islands—or Islas Encantadas. 33 square miles (85 sq km). "Captain" William Ambrose Cowley. only Culpeper. mi. Indefatigable. its highest point is Cerro El Yunque ('The Anvil').id=0.doc.chunk. 9). A few were renamed by the English in the early nineteenth century (Jervis. then master of the Batchelor's Delight (he moved later to the Nicholas ). 100-110). the buccaneers were astonishingly accurate: King James's Isle (today's San Salvador) is actually 85°40' west of the Lizard: the manuscript chart here gives it as 82°30'. Lord Culpeper (1635-89). makes this claim in the published version of his journal: "I being the first to come to an Anchor there. of the Archipiélago de Colón. named for Thomas. (A similar chart printed in the published version of Cowley's journal. off Isla Robinson Crusoe). bishop of Panama.A Buccaneer's Atlas Image not available." from the Spanish word for the giant tortoises that abound on the islands. Their fame today rests chiefly on the 1835 visit of the Beagle (Capt.) west of Valparaíso. ― 259 ― Image not available. for it is naturally fortified: & with a £100 charge & good managment 100 men may keep it from 1000 if it should be invaded: it lyes 110 Leagues [330 naut. Ecuador renamed all the islands except the few of Cowley's listed above. The highest point is Cerro de Los Inocentes ('The Innocents'). The island group was annexed by Ecuador in 1832 and renamed Archipiélago de Colón. The West Island of Juan Fernandez = Isla Más Afuera. mostly American. 5. and Albany have retained their original names. and Hood). Barrington.050 km) west of Ecuador. the printed version in JP6 . Thereafter. they ly in the Latt of 34°:15':S°. under the title of "Mr Bazil Ringrose his relation of ys Isle of Juan Fernandes. Alexander Selkirk. in the nineteenth.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Crossman. The island is 36 square miles (93 sq km). Wainman." In fact. 149.cdlib. the longitudes being measured eastward from the Lizard.] L d Culpepers Isle = Isolte Culpepper. Wainmans Isle = Isolte Wenman. After annexation. the model for Daniel Defoe's (1660-1731) "Robinson Crusoe.] west from Valpariso. actually consisting of three islets.15 = Lat. Modern Ecuadorean island names are followed here by the obsolete English names used in the early nineteenth century. 83°40'. This is the only chart in the Waggoner that has a longitude scale. Of the islands named by Cowley. or Islas Galápagos. Chart 106 The Eastward Island of Juan Fernandez = Isla Robinson Crusoe (Isla Más a Tierra). John Eaton of the Nicholas of London is usually credited with the rediscovery of the islands on this occasion. * 110 Leagues west from Valparaiso *Lat 34.

According to the records of the Drapers' Company. Dassigny's I . commissioner of the Navy. Brattles Isle = Isla Pinzón ('pinzón' = finch) = Duncan Island. Bindless Isle = Isla Marchena = Bindloe Island. pp. Charles's Isle = Isla Santa María = Floreana Island or Charles Island. and. Hans Sloane. a Jew who apparently later sailed in one of the buccaneer ships to the Pacific and after whom Cowley named one of the Galápagos islands. S' John Narbroughs Isle = Isla Fernandina = Narbrough Island.id=0. 1655-1708) was the son of a Winchester innkeeper. second duke of Albemarle (1653-88). 79). William Dick's "acquaintance at Wapping in London" to whom Ringrose gave his journal and drafts (see Introduction. shipbuilder. He also illustrated and produced charts for six of the surviving copies of the journals of the Sharp-Ringrose voyage listed in Table 1 (pp. Massachusetts. fourth viscount. in both atlases and single sheets. this term. unnamed today. The duke's physician. William Hacke. he is known for his love of ships and science.doc. and book collector. and thereafter he became a prolific producer of manuscript sea charts in London. named for the translator of the 'derrotero. no fewer than 331 charts have survived (Smith 1978. although there is no information that he was ever admitted to the freedom of that Company. but also of the Atlantic seaboard and Caribbean and of the East Indies—mostly bound into sumptuous atlases. probably named for James Bertie. close confidant of King Charles II. he was apprenticed to the chart-maker Andrew Welch for nine years from 1671 (Campbell 1973. several of Hack's volumes were dedicated to John. But before discussing them. ― 261 ― Documents Relating to the Voyage The Trinity's voyage gave rise to various documents. second duke of Albemarle (1653-88). now rare. listed in the tables at the end of this section. S'. 'Privateer' was the polite name by which a buccaneer—or pirate—of that date would often describe himself. 87). Redondo = Roca Redondo ('redondo' = round). William Hack (c. THE EQUINOCTIAL = the equator. 101). 269-70). or Los Hermanos ('The Brothers'). from 1687. sixth duke of Norfolk (1628-84).cdlib. 263-64). The first transcription of "the great book of charts" brought back by Sharp was made by Hack (W2/A1 : see pp. a Lord of Trade and Plantations. and in 1687 appointed governor-general of Jamaica. merchant of Boston.' Philip Dassigny. = Isletas Crossman. was n common use until the nineteenth century. King James Isle = Isla San Salvador or Santiago = James Island. many signed "At the Signe of Great Britain and Ireland near new stairs in Wapping. Anthony Deans Isle = Isla Rabida = Jervis Island. 267-68). knighted by King Charles II. 1699).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 100). His earliest patron seems to have been Christopher." although there is no evidence that he ever went to sea. Hack was a prolific producer of manuscript charts—not only of the American Pacific coast (eleven surviving South Sea waggoners by him are listed in Table 3. who edited the volume. M'. we must properly introduce someone who executed so many of them—the cartographer William Hack. Sir John Narbrough (1640-88) made a voyage through the Strait of Magellan to Valdivia and back in 1670-71. Crosmans I. Privateers Rock = Isla Española = Hood Island. His first known chart is dated 1682. named for Henry Howard. K. named for Christopher Monck. and treasurer of Harvard College. pp. http://publishing. after Ringrose left England for the last time. fellow of the Royal Society. 29-31. In 1699. Norfolk Isle = Isla Santa Cruz or Chaves = Indefatigable Island. named for Thomas Brattle (1658-1713). four small islets lying off Isla Isabella. and JP2 .A Buccaneer's Atlas for Philip. or Richard. governor of Jamaica." His meeting with Bartholomew Sharp early in 1682 seems likely to have been the basis of his ultimate success. Abingtons Isle = Isla Pinta = Abingdon Island. with a translation of the sailing directions by Philip Dassigny. accompanied him on this last commission.chunk. made chancellor of the University of Cambridge in 1682. 1685. the largest island of the archipelago. Lord Somers (1651-1715). which is why so many of the relevant documents come from the Sloane collection in the British Library. He died in 1708 (Campbell 1973.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . was described as "Capt. James Knapton published A Collection of Original Voyages (which included Sharp's journal) where Hack. third viscount Wenman. Later. King James II (16331701) was crowned on February 6. = Isla San Cristóbal = Chatham Island. who became Lord High Chancellor in 1698. and fellow of the Royal Society. named for Sir Anthony Deane (16381721). Albemarle Isle = Isla Isabela = Albemarle Island. Little Wainman —northernmost of the three islets of Islote Wenman. first earl of Abingdon (d. King Charles II (1630-85) reigned during the voyage of the "Trinity". Eures Isle = Isla Genovesa = Tower Island.

and part of the Philippine Islands. without charts. under the initials "W.) The writers of these five accounts are as follows (detailed information on individual books and manuscripts is given in the tables. J7 is an undated copy of the Sharp and Wood journals (in the same hand as the waggoner appendix. with other papers of Samuel Pepys. indicating that the journal was copied for Pepys in or after 1685. The return of Ambrose Cowley and other English buccaneers from the Pacific in 1686 gave rise to further copies of Sharp's journal. Ladrones (Marianas). J11 . J13 —with Wood's journal but not Cowley's.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . diplomatically omitting all reference to piracy. are two copies (J9 and J10 ).A Buccaneer's Atlas The Accounts of the Voyage (Tables 1 and 2) Five full accounts of the voyage have survived. the Trinity's master and one of those brought to trial. all by Hack: J11 and J12 . Written By Mr. Gent . J3 ). probably culled from Cox's and Ringrose's accounts. J14 is an anonymous account written from memory by one of those who sailed in the Trinity to St. Miscellanys of Matters Political Historical and Naval . (They are listed in Table 2. in octavo at 1s 6d (JP1 ). J2. Although William Dampier and Lionel Wafer were also on the voyage. The writer may well have been Edward Povey.D. another of those brought to trial (but under the name of William Williams). Thomas at the end of the voyage. The last known copy. so they are not considered here. discussed below)." Cox's journal was published in May 1684 as part of The Voyages and Adventures of Capt. Basil Ringrose. the first is dedicated to Albemarle. with eleven charts by Hack. where works are identified by reference number): JOHN COX . by Philip Ayres. BARTHOLOMEW SHARP . 17.doc. as well as seventy-one smaller drawings. in the South Sea . who is asked "to accept of this journal in the plain tarpaulin habit in which you will find it." in May 1684—the same month as Cox's account—in the second English edition of Bucaniers of America (JP2 ). (JP3 ). This had been reprinted at least eight times by 1771. Two copies of his journal survive: one in his own hand and containing twelve charts drawn by him (J4 ). by now. which seems to have been in British Admiralty hands for a very long time. Cox's name is nowhere mentioned in the printed book. Sharp's journal finally got into print in June 1699 in Hack's A Collection of Original Voyages (JP6 ). including a chart of Chesapeake Bay. coastal profiles. Cambridge. Three identical copies of Cox's journal survive (J1. Copies of corresponding pages of Ringrose's handwritten journal (J4 ) and of the printed version (JP3 ) can be seen in Figs. The second version of Ringrose's journal was published (with further additions) by William Crooke in February 1685 as Bucaniers of America. ANONYMOUS . and dedicated to Lord Somers as Lord High Chancellor (and therefore produced in 1698 or later)—is probably the fullest account of all.. and dedicated to Charles II by Sharp himself: this may well have been a companion volume to the waggoner and appendix (W2/A1 ) that Sharp presented to the king in October 1682. contains more information than earlier copies. and the reader is left with the impression that the author was Bartholomew Sharp himself. No manuscript copy of his account has been found. J6 is dated 1683 and dedicated to Albemarle by Sharp. In the same book is the writer's account of the sack of Porto Bello early in 1680. Barth. From the Original Journal of the said Voyage. and portraits of explorers and natives. J8 is a very abridged copy of Sharp's journal only. [1] and an edited copy in another hand with subtle additions in Sharp's favor and with twelve charts drawn by Hack (good copies of Ringrose's own). but there were also charts of the Galáp-agos. J12 is notable for the number of illustrations: not only did Hack include sixteen full-page charts illustrating Sharp's journal. Many copies of Sharp's journal survive.cdlib. one of which is in a book. ransom. both of which contained Cowley's journal as well as those of Sharp and Wood. but it was published. The South Sea Waggoners (Table 3) http://publishing. p. in print. . Although none is dated. the captain of the Trinity and one of those tried.id=0. an account of buccaneering activities written by John Exquemelin and first published in English by William Crook(e) in February 1684. J6 is a Hack copy written in the same hand as the edited copy of Ringrose's journal (J5 ). or plunder. who did not stand trial. In the Pepysian Library of Magdalene College. whose journal was detained by the Danish authorities and lost. dedicated to Albemarle (J5 ). . author of the waggoner that is the subject of this book. Neither account was ever published. The Second Volume Containing the Dangerous Voyage and Bold Attempts of Captain Bartholomew Sharp . Sharp And others. who turned King's Evidence in Jamaica in March 1682. their published accounts do not start until after they had left the Trinity to return overland to the Caribbean.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. ― 262 ― BASIL RINGROSE . WILLIAM DICK . A2 . without charts but with the addition of John Wood's journal description of the Strait of Magellan from Narbrough's voyage in the Sweepstakes in 1669.chunk. we will consider these in the order of their eventual publication. the same as those he did for the Ringrose journal copy (J5 ).

cdlib.) [2] Derrotero = Spanish route book.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. secretary to the Lords of Trade and Plantations in the early 1680s or later. p. PRO. Joseph Moxon the hydrographer said he had had custody of it for a time (was he having it copied?) but had returned it to the earl. (From Huntington Library MS.doc. from the Spanish derrotero dated Panama. 1672. d. 2.chunk. 1717). collection of sea charts. 1677] at the time of his death" (Birch 1756-57. however. Morgan. French routier . 887. Sloane 3820) is written a poem in Spanish. HM918 [D2].view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] ." [2] which Lynch then sent to the King (CSP Col . is preserved a copy of that derrotero with English translations immediately under the Spanish texts on each chart (W1 . probably the one captured by Morgan and sent back to England in 1672. 1669. you sons of bitches. California. COI/28. We hear no more.A Buccaneer's Atlas A Derrotero Captured In August 1671. fresh from his sack of Panama. f. COI/29. ― 263 ― Image not available. ff. In March 1680. 604. Who sang so well that God said to his angels Shut up. Certain indications. Kiddle of Ann Arbor for this translation. 729. he would enquire whether Captain Wood (presumably Admiral Narbrough's master on the Sweepstakes ) knew anything. (We are grateful to Professor Lawrence B. This satirical ditty was written to mock a cert ün Juan Cavessa (or Cabeza). is preserved a Spanish derrotero (D2 ) dated Panama. 4:27). It would be nice to think that this was a ditty sung by Spanish prisoners on board the Trinity and written down at Ringrose's request. for Don Juan de Cavessa is singing. have been made under the http://publishing. the [1] Upside-down on the back flyleaf of Ringrose's holograph journal (J4 . a "Derrotero of the South Sea. nos. apparently by someone with a seseo (non-Castilian) accent from either Andalusia or—more likely—Spanish America. If so. Portuguese roteiro . Chief stager of the Cathedral Church and of the King my Lord. 12-13). In the British Library. Sir Thomas Lynch. cf . and presented to his majesty. Chief singer of the Cathedral Church And chief singer of the King my Lord. 7 top). the poem must have been copied after 1682. gave the governor of Jamaica. whence English rutter . San Marino.) Royal Society heard of just such a book "made for the king of Spain. see Figs. bearing inside the front cover a shelf number from the library of William Blathwayt (d. in the possession of the earl of Bristol [George Digby.id=0. Acapulco. Could D2 be the derrotero captured by Morgan in 1670? Could the copy. make it seem likely that the main body of the book was a fair copy of his journal done by Ringrose in England after his return in 1682. not in Ring-rose's hand: Aqui yeasse Don Juan de Cauessa Cantadoi de la yglesia Mayor Y cantador del Rey mi Señor que Cantaua tan bien que dijo Dios a sus angeles Callense Cabrones que Canta Don Juan de Cauessa Cantador de la yglesia Mayor y del Rey mi Señor Here lies Don Juan de Cavessa. W1 . In the Huntington Library. London. 1669.

The aforegoing Journalls of the South Seas was translated out of the Spanish Originall for the use of your most Sacred Majesty by the care of Philip Dassigny 1682. MS. one of which. It was she who recognized the Blathwayt shelf number. which is not included in any of Hack's waggoners. Though the areas covered are often different. Add. these came to be known in later versions as "The Appendix to Sharp's South Sea Waggoner.id=0. ― 264 ― Image not available. Furthermore. which show Panama Bay as depicted in the translation of Morgan's captured derrotero (W1 ). Much of the material to the south of Acapulco is from Cardona's description (Mathes 1970. The port of Acapulco. on May 25 of that year. [4] The whereabouts of the first book to derive from the missing Rosario documents. dated 1682 (reproduced in Fig. There is substantial garbled spelling and variance in detail from the originals. 471). It is in two parts. 27). p. compare with Ringrose's Chart 11. with only minor differences that probably occurred in copying. and they had no titles. In both the Ringrose and the Hack waggoners. Black of the John Carter Brown Library. originally edited by Sharp. in command at Acapulco at the time of the Dutch corsair Joris van Spilbergen's raid in September 1615. http://publishing. 126B -131) with the extremely formal English hand in Harley 4034 fails to settle the question whether or not the latter was Moxon's hand.doc. on page 240. pp. rather informal.chunk. p. The second part comprises 130 charts of the coast from Acapulco to the Strait of Le Maire. they made no reference to Sharp's exploits. as he tends to use Spanish place-names.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. in some mathematical calculations (BL. and in one of the "production" copies of Hack's waggoner (W8 ). together with that of the coast of Mexico northwest of Acapulco. the prototype for all subsequent South Sea waggoners. although it might have been available for reference. At D is shown the rock El Grifo. Ringrose's Waggoner A unique feature of the waggoner reproduced in this book is the description of the Pacific coasts of Califor― 265 ― nia. is known for certain. were in a smaller format than their successors.A Buccaneer's Atlas supervision of Joseph Moxon? [3] The answers to these two questions could be yes." of which more below. with no account taken of information obtained on the voyage—quite the opposite of Ringrose's charts illustrating his and Sharp's journals. Ringrose tells us that this description. who was licensed to fish for pearls in the area. Charts 40 and 41. [4] The basis of this scenario was suggested in 1972 by the late Jeanette D. 64). which Hack often translates into English. 4415.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Don Melchor may have been Gen. In general— and this point applies both to this and subsequent versions—the charts seem to be straight copies of the captured Spanish charts. Melchor Fernández de Córdoba. This first part of the book ended with the following statement: Dated the 23rd Oct 1682. in Ringrose's journal (J4 ). compass roses (except on the first chart). about 1670. as noted in our Description of the Waggoner. although there is no direct evidence. These should be compared with Punama Bay in Ringrose's Waggoner. Ringrose's charts seem to be closer to the original. was signed by William Hack and dated 1682. p. and for the coast from "Cavo de Sant Andreus" (possibly Point Saint George or Cape Blanco) to Acapulco (see Charts 2-10) the derroteros of Fray Antonio de Ascensión and Gerónimo Martín Palacios apparently served as source material (Mathes 1965. Spilbergen obtained charts and other items from the ship of Nicolas de Cardona. or distance scales. is "discribed from the Originall of Don Melchor" (Wag. Unlike subsequent versions. presumably the missing Rosario documents. ff. comparison of the charts in D2 with those in the Ringrose anti Hack waggoners indicates that the former was certainly not the principal source of the latter. the dedication is to King Charles II by Bartholomew Sharp. This is almost certainly the book the king. the first of which is entirely text. preserved at the National Maritime Museum. 7 and 8. probably by Francis Place. the charts from Acapulco southward were derived immediately from the same source.cdlib. 155). however.) handwritten. At one time these two books were thought to have been the main source from which Hack compiled his waggoners. (From a seventeenth-century engraving. This is an atlas in King George III's Maritime Collection in the British Library (W2/A1 ). The present whereabouts of that Spanish principal source is one of the mysteries waiting to be solved. However. the Hack and Ringrose waggoner charts give the same basic information. Entirely [3] Comparison of Moxon's known handwriting. This contrast can be seen in Figs. giving sailing directions from the Strait of Magellan to north of Acapulco. These charts. 430. for Ringrose used at least a second-generation copy and had to interpret the Spanish as best he could. directed should be prepared (see Introduction. 37). which does not appear on today's charts as a separate feature. p.

the charts lack titles and compass roses (excluding the general East Pacific chart where there is one). Lord Archibald Hamilton. dedicated to James II.id=0. Its fine physical condition makes it unlikely that it was ever taken to sea. prove definitely to have been written by Hamilton himself.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . particularly from Ambrose Cowley. this copy of the Waggoner was prepared by Ringrose after his arrival in England on March 26. giving—certainly from Acapulco southward—very much his own account. Probably the most elegant of all surviving copies. who arrived in England late in 1686 having been master successively of the Revenge.. MONTT. we do not know. two (W5 and W6 . showing twentieth-century bookplate and shelfmark.H.N. 1683—a period of eighteen months. When lames II ascended the throne in 1685.) Almost certainly. this copy belonged to Nicolaas Witsen. In further proof that W9 was indeed produced specifically to complement W8 . After James was deposed in 1688. in the mouth of the Gulf of California opposite the Tres Marías Islands—as well as the textual sailing direction appendix.A Buccaneer's Atlas 41. (From the National Maritime Museum. Hack's First Waggoner Copies Of the first three "production" copies of Hack's waggoner. A fuller description of Ringrose's Waggoner is given on pp. 255 years later. 41-44. 8) and occasionally Bartholomew Sharp's own opinion and advice are quoted. On December 5. R. according to a note in his own hand dated Amsterdam 1692. 1939. The name of Duke of York's Island in southern Chile was tactfully changed to "King James the 2nd his Isle. The only clue to its whereabouts during those 255 years is provided by its bookplate reproduced above. once the property of ― 266 ― the South Sea Company. p. Hack produced W9 . and gold. is undated and has no dedication. who. (see Table 6. the charts have both titles and compass roses and are beautifully decorated in red. The charts number 149 instead of 130 to 135 as in previous copies. This is probably Carlos Cruz Montt (born 1876). Ringrose presents his sailing directions in narrative form on the pages facing each chart. a member of a prominent Chilean family who received his higher education in Europe. incorporating his own experience when he had been there and interpreting the Spanish accounts when he had not (as in the case of the charts north of Acapulco. substantially different from the written information on Hack's charts. probably from the Charles II period. books. CRUZ. exactly as in the latter—so at one stage both books were in his library. 272). Part of his collection was auctioned soon after World War I. blue. they could have used it as one of the sources for their respective sailing directions. It might be mentioned here that the only wag-goner http://publishing. but because some of the charts in the early copies were placed two to a page. the former has Lord Alexander Hamilton's initials on the title page.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. this copy was acquired by King William III's Dutch private secretary. Image not available. How and when they parted company. it is entirely possible that. and so forth. which came from the aforementioned Don Melchor). dated 1683 and 1684. was purchased for £125 by Sir James Caird. Hack lost no time in presenting a waggoner to him (W8 . In all these early copies except W5 . and Nicholas . Thus the king had all the information on the South Sea known to Hack up to 1687. bearing the name C. containing charts from Acapulco southward (many now missing) and the appendix described below. Inside front cover of the Ringrose waggoner. if they had access. p. the director of the newly founded National Maritime Museum at Greenwich received a letter from the antiquarian booksellers Maggs Bros. Batchelor's Delight . There is also an uncolored copy not in Hack's hand (W7/A3 ). dated 1685). The title page is endorsed at the top in ink with the initials "A. Ringrose's written sailing directions are. however." only to be changed back in subsequent copies.doc. yellow. Probably in 1687. by comparison with his full signature. green. according to a statement in ink on the flyleaf (about mid-eighteenth century. not because a greater area is covered. the Dutch geographer." It was sent to England and on May 18. gave it to Capt. It contains precisely those charts that W8 does not have—those of the Mexican coast northwest of Acapulco as far as the port of Matanchel. The third (W4 ). 1938. and before he sailed in the Cygnet on October 1.cdlib.chunk. the new museum's generous benefactor." which. 1682. Though Ringrose and Hack definitely did not copy their charts directly from the derrotero captured by Morgan (probably D2 and W1 ). of London saying it was being offered for sale by "a customer in South America. respectively) were dedicated to King Charles II by Bartholomew Sharp. Hack's Later Waggoners The second invasion of the Pacific by English buccaneers in 1683 resulted in more information about the South Sea reaching England. where sailing directions are placed in blank spaces on the charts themselves (see Fig. someone—whom we have called "Black"—has been through Ringrose's charts (but not the text of the sailing directions on the facing pages) making small additions of a navigational nature. judging by the handwriting). where he collected paintings.

id=0. providing material for the additional charts northwest of Acapulco from W9 onward. Present Location Date Size (cm) Author Provenance Dedication Remarks J1 Cox BL.doc. nos.d. reproduced complete in this book. though sources cited in the text refer to the original documents rather than the Calendars . they are listed simply to eliminate them from the search for the captured Rosario material. Derroteros Encountered Du Ring Research (Table 5) Except perhaps for D2 —the possible Morgan prize—none of the derroteros in Table 5 can be proved to have had influence on our story. seven charts of the Caribbean. Sloane 49 n. Hack produced the dated volume W10 . These three are in the same hand and virtually Identical except for the dedication. from the mouth of the Gulf of California to the Strait of Le Maire. nos. Upper and Lower. ― 267 ― English Public Records Many papers in the Public Record Office in London have been referred to. Mearns (1923) http://publishing. no. The court records of the piracy trial are among the papers of the High Court of Admiralty in HCA 1/11. Colonial series (America and West Indies). A3/W7 seems to be a secondary copy of a Charles II version. despite a spurious latitude.cdlib. and W10 . and charts of the Galápagos Islands and "Pepys Island" (identified. plus the general chart of the East Pacific that he added to all his waggoners except W2. The other four known South Sea waggoners by Hack contain his complete South Sea chart package. For the years concerned. Callao. "The Appendix to Sharp's South Sea Waggoner" (Table 4) Hack used the title "Appendix to Sharp's South Sea Waggoner" in three volumes (A2. principally those in the Domestic series. Bartholomew Vellegas (so spelled in manuscripts). containing the northwest Mexico charts. the last two forming part of larger works) to describe texts giving directions for sailing along the coast between Cape Mendocino and the Strait of Magellan and into the various ports en route—Acapulco. 32. is Ringrose's (W3 ). and A5 . as the Falkland Islands): these last charts were from information supplied by Cowley. These texts were straight translations from Spanish works—presumably taken from the Rosario —parts of which were stated to be the work of Capt. Panama. GOS/4 (1939) n.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . also had sailing directions for a slightly smaller area. TABLE 1 MANUSCRIPT ACCOUNTS OF THE VOYAGE Ref. 101-7. and HCA 1/51. A4 .chunk. Quaritch P.A Buccaneer's Atlas in this series to contain a description of California. It is possible that D6 and D7 were brought back by Cowley or one of his shipmates. 181-89. The directions given are supplementary to the remarks appearing on Hack's charts. The 1682 prototype.d. together with the Galápagos Islands. the first two of these have been printed in the several volumes of the Calendar of State Papers listed in the Select Bibliography.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. W9 .5 × 21 Albemarle Albemarle by Cox J2 Cox NMM. and Spanish series of the State Papers (SP). the wording of which is not the same as in the other appendices. W2/A1 . In 1687. and Chiloe. Juan Fernández and Pepys Islands. A. translated by Philip Dassigny. Valdivia.

PL.d.cdlib. 40.5 Albemarle by Hack J6 Sharp BL. and illustrations by Hack. 47 × 30 Wood Cowley http://publishing.. but no other charts. Anson (18th c. but < 1683 12 charts by Ringrose. Sloane 3820 n.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 31 × 19. MSS. PL. Same binding as A2 . Text as J9 .) Houghton Christie 1979. No charts.A Buccaneer's Atlas Philip Gosse (bkpt.2349 n. Possibly made to accompany W2/A1 . 1981 (110) n." No charts.5 × 21 J4 Ringrose (holograph) BL. and J7 were commissioned together by Albemarle in 1683. J5.d. Same hand as A2 . No charts.d. 32. Sloane 46 B 1683 41 × 27 Wood Albemarle by Hack East Pacific chart. Same hand as J6 .doc. Very abridged text.d.d. 12 charts by Hack. 11 charts by Hack. Sloane 46 A n.. lot 245 J9 Sharp Pepys.d. Lib. 43 × 28 Duke of York Copy made in or after June 1685 J10 Sharp Pepys.2610 (complete book) n.id=0. 41 × 27 Wood J8 Sharp Kraus. Sloane 48 n.5 × 26.2874. ff.) J3 Cox Pepys. J11/A5 Sharp Naval Hist.5 Charles II Charles II by Sharp Thos. J6 . 19 × 17 J5 Ringrose (copy) BL. with large pencil squares.4 n.) (bkpt. Modern binding. J7 Sharp BL. title page..d.chunk.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 271-356 (1685) July 1682 Copied into book "Miscellanys of Matters Political Historical and Naval. It seems likely that A2. PL. but > 1686 14 charts and coastal views by Hack.

Marquess of Bute (1872) Lord Somers by Hack Houghton Christie 1979.2 Wood Lord Somers (c. PL. No charts. but > 1686 Copy. 208. Sloane 2752. Thomas.A Buccaneer's Atlas J12 Sharp Pierpont Morgan Lib.7 × 29.d. by Hack. app.. TABLE 2 PRINTED ACCOUNTS OF THE VOYAGE http://publishing.doc. Companion to W12 (?—same dedication and binding).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.1 Wood Cowley Chr. p. 1698) 13 charts by Hack.d. n.cdlib. 2826 n. Present Location Date Size (cm) Author Provenance Dedication Remarks J13 Sharp Private hands (1980) n. to 3d report. drawings.d. Sloane 1050 n. but > 1686 Holograph. (Povey?) J15 Cowley BL. but > 1686 Copy. J16 Cowley BL.d. (1948) (Lynam) Houghton Christie 1979..3310 (1980) n. No charts. etc. no. N. J17 Cowley Pepys.id=0. but ca. Written from memory by someone whose journal was left in St. Jeaffreson of Dullingham (18th c.. MA. = not known. < = before. 45. see Table 6. 1698 45 × 28.d. In HMC (1872). (Table continued on next page) ― 268 ― TABLE 1 (continued) Ref.. = signature.k.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .. = not dated: n.) Orion Bkslrs. pp..d. lot 244 J14 Anonymous BL.chunk. No charts.. num = press mark or catalog number: sig. > = after. 36-71 n..Y. lot 243 ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS bkpt = bookplate. but > 1686 18 full-page charts and 71 smaller maps. NOTE : For index and biographies of previous owners.d. Sloane 54 n.

Harley 4034 J. by Lionel Wafer . 43 × 31 147 W2/A1 BL.A Buccaneer's Atlas Ref.T. who was present at those Transactions . . Written By Mr.chunk. MDCXCVII [1697]. Wood's Voyage thro' the Streights of Magellan. Paul's Church-yard. . http://publishing. 1685 . . 1685 Basil Ringrose. by John Esquemeling.D . . / London.d. Who was all along present at those Transactions. Part III. Chap. William Hacke. K. / Published by Capt. W."] JP2 Dick May 1684 John Exquemelin. Barth. for R.Mar. II. Now faithfully rendred into English. . Basil Ringrose. Capt. No. A Collection of Original Voyages Containing: I. By William Dampier. VIII 15 Hack and Dassigny. in the South Sea .D. the one of Captain Cook. . Corrected.A. / Written originally in Dutch.). At the Bank-side beyond the Bear-garden . . of charts W1 BL. 1698 Lionel Wafer. at the Crown in St. ed. Moxon (?) n. A New Voyage and Description of the Isthmus of America . . III. / London: Printed by. ― 269 ― TABLE 3 THE SOUTH SEA WAGGONERS Ref.. 1905-6). date Areas Remarks Size (cm) Provenance Dedication No. . No titles or compass roses (except Acapulco). written by himself.doc. JP3 Ringrose Feb. NOTE: Dates of publication are taken from E. &c. B. . 1699 . Printed for James Knapton. The Term Catalogues 1668-1709 A. .id=0. / London. / The Second Edition. . Bucaniers of America: Or. 1669).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. . but > 1672 A Cal OO Q Copy of D2 (Spanish. [Another edition of 1684 gives the publisher as "P. and Expedition into the South Seas. no. one of the Bucaniers . . IV. Present Location Author. 1699 . and Inlarged with two Additional Relations. Bucaniers of America. . viz. for the space of two years. . (London. at the Sign of the Green Dragon without Temple-bar. . . . From the Original Journal of the said Voyage. Published by Philip Ayres. 1684 . . and the other of Captain Sharp. .cdlib. The Voyages and Adventures of Capt. 1682 A + Appendix Prototype for all Hack atlases. at the Crown in St. Captain Sharps Journey over the Isthmus of Darien. William Hacke. London: Printed for James Knapton.W. . a True Account of the Most Remarkable Assaults . Author Date Title JP1 Cox May 1684 Philip Ayres. . Gent. Printed for James Knapton. Arber (ed. Given by one of the Bucaniers . XII—"A brief account of Captain Sharp . . Mr. with texts in Spanish and English. JP4 Dampier Feb. Cowleys Voyage round the Globe. Sharp And others. A New Voyage round the World . . / The Second Volume Containing The Dangerous Voyage and Bold Attempts of Captain Bartholomew Sharp and others. / London: Printed for William Crooke. 1697 William Dampier. Paul's Church-Yard.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Roberts's Adventures among the Corsairs of the Levant . . / London: Printed by William Crooke at the Green Dragon without Temple-Bar. though small format.H. and S. Esq. performed upon the Coasts of the South Sea. Pauls Church-yard. JP6 Sharp June 1699 Capt. Capt. at the Crown in St. JP5 Wafer Nov. 1684 .

2 × 22 Charles II (1682) Charles II by Sharp 130 W3 NMM. of Philadelphia.) Phillipps 17503 (num. Jones 392(2) (hum. Elkins 169 (1947) Hack. but < 1682-83 Cal C A M G Sailing directions on facing pages.5 131 Wm.) H. A O No titles or compass roses (except Pacific).7 × 32. 41 × 27.. Sea Co. Heber (bkpt. 32 (1939) Ringrose. 1693) S. Cruz. No titles or compass roses. 16. Montt?) 104 W4 Huntington Lib. 41 × 29 Charles II (1684) Charles II by Sharp 135 http://publishing.chunk.. n. 1683 A O Very decorative.) W.5 Charles II by Sharp 131 Charlcs II Anthony Askew (?) Wm. (1711) Quaritch (1887 and 1914) Robinson W5 Free Lib. M. n. Galápagos not in Ringrose's hand.cdlib. Sloane 44 Hack. Hill (ca.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.) Ld.d. HM. 43.) R. V. yellow borders.A Buccaneer's Atlas 35. Burrell (bkpt.d. Elkins 169 (1939) W6 BL.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .5 × 21 S. decorative folio numbers.doc. America (C. P. Has titles and compass roses. 1684 A O Plainer than W5 .id=0. Kingsborough Rodd 845 (1842) (num. 265 (1966) Hack.

d. Jones 392(2) (num.) Lady Lincoln (1930) W9/A4 Free Lib.doc. of Philadelphia. III's Dutch private sec'ty (?) Lord Archibald Hamilton (18th c. n. 39.A Buccaneer's Atlas W7/A3 Bancroft Lib.cdlib. or color.) John Towneley (18th c.. MM. M..) Lord Kingsborough (?) Phillipps 13972 (1852) (num.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . III's Dutch private sec'ty Lord Archibald Hamilton (18th c. n.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.5 × 25. 1685 A O Very elegant.id=0. 55 of these are now missing.224 n. Elkins 169 (1947) Hack.k.2 Nicolaas Witsen Originally 129 charts with 2 in Witsen's hand.33 (1931) Hack. but < 1685 A + Appendix Secondary copy not in Hack's hand.. but > 1688 M + Appendix Companion to W8 . Anson (bkpt..) Thos. 41 × 29 James II James II by Hack 149 Wm.) (sig. compass roses. P.5 × 20.5 James II James II by Hack 17 Wm. V.d. 31.) H.chunk.) (bkpt.) (sig. Companion to W9/A4 .) W. Elkins 169 (1939) (Table continued on next page) ― 270 ― http://publishing. No titles. W8 NMM.

Pepys. Codex Eng. no.) 183 Houghton Christie 1979. 40. M A G P O No compass roses or bar scales. Sloane 45 Hack.d. n. Companion to J13 (same dedication and binding). and Caribbean.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .7 × 29.A Buccaneer's Atlas TABLE 3 (continued) Ref. lot 242 http://publishing.cdlib. 1687 M G P Charts as in W9 but in reverse order. M A G P O 44.5 × 34. M A G P O No compass roses or bar scales.d. Present Location Author. n. Walpole Col.5 × 32..) Lord Sydney George III (1800) W13 J. Grenville (18th c. Carter Brown Lib.id=0.8 G.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.3 Quaritch (1950) 164 Houghton Christie 1979.chunk. plus Galápagos.) (bkpt.) Sotheby. n.d. Clevland (18th c.Mar. VIII 16 Hack. lot 87 W14 Clements Lib.doc. 1966. 45 × 31 32 + 7 Caribbean W11 Private hands (1980) Hack. date Areas Remarks Size (cm) Provenance Dedication No. lot 241 W12 BL. of charts W10 BL. K.5 183 J. (1979) Hack. June 20. 1698 M A G P O Bar scales. 53 (1966) Hack. Selwyn (18th c. 45 × 33 Lord Somers (1698) Lord Somers by Hack 165 Sir R. 46.

no. K. Same binding as J2 .5 Albemarle by Hack A3/W7 Bancroft Lib. but ca.I. of Philadelphia. NOTES In the earlier Hack South Sea waggoners (before W8 ).cdlib.2 × 22 Charles II by Sharp A2 BL. 1683 Same hand as J7 . Sloane 47 n. Cal = California general: G = Galápagos Islands. and W14 have fifteen additional charts for the Galáapagos Islands. 35.doc.5 × 25.'" in The John Carter Brown Library Annual Report for 1965-1966 (Providence. ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS See footnote to Table 1. Lib. Elkins 169 (1947) n.5 James II by Hack A5/J11 Naval Hist.chunk.. M = Mexico north of Acapulco. P = Pepys Island (Falkland Islands): Q = Quirós and Torres discoveries.2 A4/W9 Free Lib..d.d.. MSS.224 n.. VIII 15 1682 The prototype. 41 × 25.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.. hence the differences in total numbers for the same areas W10.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . M-M. C = Upper California. but probably < 1685 A secondary copy. The concordance between the two lists is as follows: Adams 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Howse & Thrower W2 W7 W9 W1 W5 W4 W6 W8 W10 A2 W11 W12 W13 W14 A1 A3 A4 TABLE 4 "THE APPENDIX TO SHARP'S SOUTH SEA WAGGONER" Ref. 1606. [1966]). O = East Pacific: OO = Whole Pacific. R. but > 1686 Signed by Hack. 31. Adams in "William Hack's Manuscript Atlases of 'The Great South Sea of America.A Buccaneer's Atlas KEY TO AREAS A = Acapulco to Strait of Le Maire.4 n. 39. A similar list was published by Thomas R.d.Mar.5 × 20. whereas in later waggoners the same area occupies thirty-five charts.d.. W13 . 47 × 30 http://publishing. the coast between Acapulco and the Gulf of Nicoya (A) is covered by nineteen charts.. Present Location Date Remarks Size (cm) Dedication A1/W2 BL. signed and d ted by Dassigny. but > 1688 Companion to W8 .id=0.

date Areas Remarks Size (cm) Provenance Dedication No. lot 175 a D2 Huntington Lib. Va. Lib.doc. n. With text: (a) sailing directions to Philippines.3 × 26 D6 Private hands Cabiñas (1692).k. lot 176 a http://publishing. A Spanish with one or two English additions referring to Capt. HM. Pt.d.5 138 D5 Naval Hist.k. n.6 × 29 Blathwayt (17th c. Robinson Houghton (1950) Christie 1979. of charts D1 Private hands P. Very crude.chunk. ca.917 Martín Marín de Velasco. and (b) treatise on navigation and surveying. 4 n. S.) 149 D3 Huntington Lib..view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 39. no. 32.id=0. Antonio through Acapulco to Paita 41. probably written not long after 1622.d.2 Maria Wildmann 148 In Spanish. Bound with account of voyage of Schouten and Le Maire. 18th-century copy of 1675 work Nicaragua to Callao 32. 30 × 20.. Eaton. 1650 Cal A G Q Solomon Is.k.. after Nicolás de Espinoza A 42 × 27.5 × 23. Baena.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. with English translations..5 Phillipps 25089 109 In Spanish. 1669 Cal A Q Spanish. Present Location Author.. HM. W1 is a copy.5 × 25.cdlib.) (num. Emily Driscoll (1950s) Houghton Christie 1979.6 D4 BL. Sloane 239 n. Isla Blanca.918 n..A Buccaneer's Atlas ― 271 ― TABLE 5 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY DERROTEROS OF THE SOUTH SEA ENCOUNTERED DURING RESEARCH Ref.

lawyer. J7. Berkeley. among whose foundation collections in 1753 were those of Sloane and Harley (q. Staffordshire. director of the South Sea Company (q. of Mount Stuart. William (1649?-1717). Christopher Monck. of Cambridge and London.).v. J1. Physician. and bibliophile. 263 D2 BRITISH LIBRARY (BL). Chancellor of Cambridge University and Lord of Trade anti Plantations 1682. W10. library sold 1775-85.chunk.Y. Bancroft (1832-1918) of San Francisco. University of California. classical scholar. W2/A1. J13 CHARLES II (1630—85). W5 BANCROFT LIBRARY . Elder brother of George. friend of Charles II. 1979 TABLE 6 INDEX OF REPOSITORIES AND FORMER OWNERS. W5 BUTE . J15. bibliophile and prime minister 1762-63. governor general of Jamaica 1687.doc. J1. 1745). Co. J16. J5. King of England 1660-85. Admiral Lord Anson (1697-1762). London.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. J8. took place June 13-14. Antiquarian. Politician and civil servant: secretary-at-war 1683-1704. historian and book collector with special interest in voyages and travel in the western hemisphere. See p.id=0. California. J13 was in his library at the time of the publication of the Appendix to the third report of the Historical Manuscripts Commission (p. D4 BURRELL . In French. A2 ANSON .v. W6. commissioner of trade 1696-1706. Jouban de la Guilbaudière.D. Founded by Hubert H. J6. Thomas (fl. Pub. third marquess. J5. W9/A4 ASKEW . Soldier. Lib. 1696 n.A Buccaneer's Atlas D7 N. second duke of (1653-88). Bute (1847-1900). possibly acquired by the third earl of Bute (1713-92). (1722-74). W7/A3 BLATHWAYT . 208) in 1872. J4.). Houghton. of books and manuscripts from the library of Arthur A. a The Christie sale referred to. AUCTION HOUSES AND BOOKSELLERS. Practiced in Admiralty Court. clerk to the Privy Council 1689.v. Formerly part of the British Museum. His personal physician was Hans Sloane (q.cdlib. J14. WITH BRIEF BIOGRAPHIES ALBEMARLE . http://publishing.k.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . M. and bibliophile (Bibliotheca Askeviana ). Jr. where he died in 1688. J6.). Sir William (1732-96). John Patrick Crichton-Stuart. Bibliophile. W12. W1. A2. Anthony. of Shugborough in the parish of Colwich.

chunk. Secretary of the Admiralty 1751-63. near Bideford. Second Secretary of the Admiralty 1746-51. a commissioner of the Navy. Philip (1879-1959). Physician and author of The Pirates' Who's Who (1924) and The History of Piracy (1932). M ANSON. His piracy collection was acquired by the National Maritime Museum. Auctioneers. King of England 1760-1820. William McIntire (1882-1947). Rt. and probably W9 . (d. of Philadelphia. Greenwich. D6 CLEMENTS LIBRARY . Statesman and bibliophile: treasurer of the Navy 1754. University of Michigan. Emily. D1. R. W14. in 1939. retired 1710.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .A Buccaneer's Atlas J8. J2 GRENVILLE . of London. Ann Arbor. Received W8 . John (1707?-63). Banker and bibliophile. Civil servant: entered Navy Office ca. For the Clevlands. from King William's Dutch private secretary between 1707 and 1714.). Dealer in autographs and drawings. Pennsylvania. W14 CLEVLAND . 1723. First Lord of the Admiralty 1762-63. prime minister 1763-65. West Virginia. 1754): seventh and youngest son of the third duke of Hamilton. W6 CHRISTIE .N. manufacturer anti bibliophile.v. AND WOOD . J13. see Namier and Brooke (1964). George (1712-70). Captain 1693. W12 GOSSE .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. J8. J12. 220-22. governor of Jamaica 1710-14. W9/A4 GEORGE III (1738-1820). W2/A1. Devon.id=0. Hon. commanded the Lichfield 1696 and the Eagle at the capture of Gibraltar 1704. of Cambridge: son of Sir Edmund Gosse. Capt. commissioner of Admiralty 1729-38. D1 ELKINS . W11. son of Capt. Colleague of Admiral Lord Anson anti George Grenville (q. which he bequeathed to the British Museum. of Shepherdstown. W5. [1] http://publishing. Lord Archibald. Clements (1861-1934) of Ann Arbor. Clerk of the Acts 1743-46. W5. William Cleveland. Bequeathed the American part of his library to the Free Library of Philadelphia. W2/A1. of Tapeley. Founded by William L. W13 (Table continued on next page) ― 272 ― TABLE 6 (continued ) DRISCOLL . essayist and bibliophile.cdlib. W14 HAMILTON . His son Thomas (1755-1846) assembled the Bibliotheca Grenvilliana . Michigan.doc.

(1906-). J12 JOHN CARTER BROWN LIBRARY . Arthur A. D6 HUNTINGTON LIBRARY AND ART GALLERY . London. 41). W1 HEBER . William Hill. Richard Heber said: "No gentlemen can be without three copies of a book—one for show. his son Edward. W4. of Dullingham. Edward King-Tenison. W11.v. a poor member of this Society. D3 JAMES II 0633-1701). and Pimlico. Dec. W14.v. 3. Founded by Henry E. J8. merchant and collector of books on voyage and travel in the western hemisphere.. duke of York. first earl of Oxford (1661-1724). California. Journalist and bibliophile. of Dublin. towards his support" (British Library Addl. of Wye. W5. Lord High Admiral 1660-73. W9/A4 HARLEY .id=0. W13 JONES . Barrister.doc. J13.) 1711. chancellor of the Exchequer and leader of the Tories 1710. Richard (1773-1833). W4 HOUGHTON . He bought W4 from Hack himself for £70 in about 1693.A Buccaneer's Atlas W8. Minnesota. bishop and hymn writer. of Hodnet. After his death. half brother to Reginald Heber. HM 20096). MS. Maryland. the manuscripts becoming one of the foundation collections of the British Museum in 1753.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. J8.cdlib. Middlesex. Providence. W9/A4 JEAFFRESON . king of England 1685-88. D1. 1726: "The Treasurer to pay Mr. Founded by John Carter Brown (1797-1874) of Providence. 1711: Huntington Library MS. £2 2s. (1861-1928). Cambridgeshire. Jr. Herschel V. of Lincoln's Inn. Industrialist (Corning Glass) and bibliophile: honorary curator of rare books. and New York City. railway magnate and book collector of English literature and Americana. and one for borrowers". Huntington (1850-1927) of San Marino. added to his father's book collection. W9/A4 KINGSBOROUGH . he sold it to the newly founded South Sea Company (q. Statesman and bibliophile: first considerable collection of books 1705. D2. 25494. who persuaded him to http://publishing. of Minneapolis. his library of 146. J12.) for 20 guineas in 1711. Lord Treasurer 1711. San Marino.827 volumes was sold 1834-37. which was sold after his death in 1741. Shropshire. second earl. impeached 1717. W8. William (fl. Friend of Sir Thomas Phillipps. when he was in prison for a £30 debt (letter from Hill to James Bateman of the South Sea Co.. initiated scheme for funding the national debt through South Sea Company (q.chunk. Library of Congress 1940-42. the Lincoln's Inn "Black Book" has an entry for April 27. partly at Harvard University. Rhode Island. W5 HILL . Brown University. one for use. his library is housed partly at Wye. Robert. 1680-1726).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . viscount (1795-1837). battles of Solebay 1665 and Southwold Bay 1672. f. One of the most magnificent of book collectors. Christopher.

cdlib. London.v. Rare book dealers. (see Fig. P. W3. N. Ministry of Defence. J3. J17 PHILADELPHIA . 265. of New York. Pennsylvania.doc. Acquired Americana from the library of William M. died in a debtor's prison in Dublin.. who married the future fifth duke of Newcastle in 1832. C. See p. P.chunk. 1940).id=0. where it remains intact (and in the same bookcases) today. Diarist. D5 NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY . 1923). J2. J8 LINCOLN . London. A.Y. 1660. Library sold 1842-54. W3. http://publishing. FREE LIBRARY OF . W8 MEARNS .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. W8 MAGGS BROS. secretary of the Admiralty 1673-79 and 1686-89. with Mexicana bought by Phillipps (q. W5. Lady: probably the countess of Lincoln (Lady Susan Harriet-Catherine Douglas Hamilton. bibliophile.v. 265). J10. His library was given to Magdalene College. J12 PEPYS . Founded 1936. Navy Board. W9/A4 KRAUS . J11/A5. W8 NAVAL HISTORICAL LIBRARY . the name on the bookplate of W3 . (fl.Y. W3 NATIONAL MARITIME MUSEUM (NMM). Cambridge. J9.) in 1947.A Buccaneer's Atlas study Mexico. J2 MONTT . D7 ORLON BOOKSELLERS . H. New York. p. Greenwich. 1814-1860).). Cruz. Author of the seven-volume Antiquities of Mexico . and naval administrator: Clerk of the Acts.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . of London. N. London (fl. Samuel (1633-1703). formerly known as the Admiralty Library. in 1726. . Rare book dealer and bibliophile. Elkins (q.

antiquarian. J5. (d. Physician. W4. of enormous size. L. J13. [1] . Manufacturer and yachtsman. Collections purchased for the nation to form nucleus of British Museum 1754. A2. Rhode Island. Statesman and lawyer: Lord High Chancellor and created baron 1697. W6. secretary of the Royal Society 1693-1717. W9/A4 Volume of original drawings was given by King Williams Dutch private Secretary [probably Abel Tassin d'Allene] to Lord Archibald Hamilton then a Captain of a Ship of the Line. Antiquarian and bibliophile: recommended that Lord Kingsborough study Mexican subjects. Phillipps's library is still being dispersed (1984). Thomas (fl. of New York. J6. 3: 15. Worcestershire. J7. J4. P. 1830-45). Sir Thomas (1792-1872). 1721. J15. N. Col. Founded by John Pierpont Morgan (1873-1913). John (d. W12 http://publishing. New York.cdlib. see Charnock 1795.doc. W11 ROBINSON .A Buccaneer's Atlas W5.v. Worcestershire. near Gloucester. Rare book dealers. of Evesham. 1751). For Hamilton's career. J16. W5.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Soldier and MP. W10. Lord President of the Council 1708-10. W9/A4. D6 PIERPONT MORGAN LIBRARY . D4 SOMERS . treasurer of Queen Caroline's pensions.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .Y. F. of London. and acquired Kings-borough's Mexicana collection after his death. founded botanic garden. J12 QUARITCH .v. J2. Sir Hans (1660-1753). C. Acquired W12 from Sir Robert Walpole (q. Chelsea. W4.)." Hamilton signed his initials on the title pages of both W8 and W9/A4 (Elkins 169). Bookseller. W5 SELWYN . of Middle Hill.33) is the inscription "In the Reign of Queen Anne This large (Table continued on next page) ― 273 ― TABLE 6 (continued ) PHILLIPPS . 1916) of Newport. Library sold 1777. On the recto of the dedication page of W8 (NMM MS. J14.chunk. MP for Gloucester 1734-47. president 1727-41. and bibliophile: physician to duke of Albemarle (q. of London.id=0. John. aide-de-camp to duke of Marlborough. financier and bibliophile. D6 RODD . [2] W12 SLOANE . Broadway. J1. Baron (1657-1716). of Matson.) when governor of Jamaica 1687-89.

v. VIII 16) is the inscription "Presented to His Majesty Nov r 10th 1800 by Lord Sydney. First Lord of the Treasury 1727. W12 WILDMANN . second viscount (1764-1831).v. who succeeded Constantijn Huygens. W9/A4 WITSEN . D1 WILLIAM III's DUTCH PRIVATE SECRETARY (presumably Abel Tassin d'Allene. to whom he gave W12 in 1800.) proposed using it to fund the national debt. Walpole. and mayor of Amsterdam. when Harley (q.v. ― 275 ― ― 277 ― http://publishing. Founded 1711. London. Selwin at the sale of Sir Robt. Bibliophile: uncle and heir to Charles Towneley. in that post in 1697). of Corney House. Kent. Statesman: secretary at war 1708. 2 above.id=0. Jr. friend of Charles Townshend. antiquarian. Middlesex. Sir Robert (1676-1745). Geographer and cartographer. W8. John. Chiswick. W7/A3 2. Colonel Selwyn (q. and presumably W9 . whose son married the daughter of the next owner. W8 WALPOLE .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . [3] W12 TOWNELEY . of London. John (d. W4 SYDNEY .A Buccaneer's Atlas SOTHEBY AND SON . W13 SOUTH SEA COMPANY . Lord of the Bedchamber to George III. library sold 1814-16. Nicolaas (1641-1717). company survived to 1853.) in the reign of Queen Anne (1707-14). On the flyleaf of W12 (BL. of Chislehurst. library sold 1751. Maria.v. treasurer of the Navy 1710. See n. 1813).. most of company's rights sold to Spain 1750.). of Amsterdam.doc." 3. Lord Archibald Hamilton (q.chunk.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. South Sea Bubble 1720. K.). resigned and created earl of Orford 1742.Mar. & bought by his Lordship's Great-Grand-Father Col. Auctioneers. Acquired W12 from Lord Somers (q. prime minister anti chancellor of the Exchequer 1715-17 and 1721.cdlib. Gave W8 . to Capt.

showing limits of the 2 manuscript charts in the Waggoner presumably from English sources (Galápagos and Juan Fernández Islands). There seemed to be no reason to add a bar scale. showing limits of 105 manuscript charts in the Waggoner primarily from Spanish sources.doc.27B 11 E 28-33 8 F 34-43 11 G 44A -50 9 H 51A -58 10 I 59-68 10 J 69-78 12 K 79-85 8 L 86-90B 9 M 91A -95 8 N 96A -100 8 0 101-105 5 Extra Charts http://publishing. of the 15 printed charts from Bucaniers of America (JP3 ) included in the Introduction. or 70 statute miles approximately). 3. the area of greatest interest to the buccaneers.chunk. Charts A-Q were plotted initially on very large scale modern charts and then reduced to fit page-size formats. We did. Indexes P-Q. It was not feasible to make all these plots of uniform scale because of the great variation in the scales of the original charts—those of Central America. The index charts have modern place-names and show modern political boundaries.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.id=0. Index R.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .cdlib. since the grid can be used for scale (1° of latitude = 60 nautical miles exactly. however. Indexes A-O. Index Pages (W3 ) a Number of Charts A 3A -7B 10 B 8A -13B 11 C 14A -19B 12 D 20A . in California and southern South America. 2.A Buccaneer's Atlas Appendix A Index of Charts On the following pages are indexes grouped into three sections: 1. being generally of much larger scale than those of the extremities of the coverage. these groups are represented on each of the fifteen index charts A-O. assemble the charts into fifteen groups of about ten charts each that were drawn on bases of common scale.

― 282 ― Image not available.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.A Buccaneer's Atlas P Page 106 Juan Fernández Q Page 107 Galápagos R Index to Bucaniers of America charts a In cases where two charts occur on one page. ― 280 ― Image not available. the charts are numbered A and B .cdlib.id=0.doc. rarer. with A being the top or. ― 279 ― Image not available. lefthand chart. KEY TO INDEX CHART R Keyed area Introduction text page Area covered 1 6 Gulf of Ballona 2 11 Bay of Panama 3 13 Isle of Gorgona 4 13 Isle of Plate 5 15 Ilo 6 15 La Serena 7 16 Bay of Coquimbo 8 16 Isle of Juan Fernández 9 18 Arica http://publishing.chunk. ― 278 ― Image not available. ― 281 ― Image not available.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .

and did then and there piratically and feloniously assault the said John Lopez. Kiralfy Indictment against Sharp. 1682 Translation from the Latin by Professor A." of which John Lopez was then and there captain. John Cox. 102) The jurors for our lord the King present on their oaths that Bartholomew Sharpe. a hamper of potatoes worth 5 shillings. lately of the parish of St. France. 101) The jurors for our lord the King present on their oaths that Bartholomew Sharpe. and carry away from the said John Lopez. captain of the said ship. Scotland. 500 great bottles of Nasta wine worth £200 in lawful English money. seaman. and of the said seamen being in the same. lately of the parish of St. Cox. HCA 1/11. seaman. and William Williams. lately of the parish of St.cdlib.chunk. and did piratically and feloniously put the aforesaid John Lopez. board. Further Indictment against Sharp. and certain seamen being then in the same ship in treaty and friendship of the said lord our present King. break. by the grace of God King of England. against the peace of our lord the present King. and two sails for a ship worth £6 in lawful English money. seaman.. and Williams (PRO. lately of the parish of Step-hey in the county of Middlesex. by the grace of God King of England. June 10. Cox. seaman.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. being goods and chattels of certain persons not known to the aforesaid jurors. his Crown and dignity. lately of the parish of Stepney in the county of Middlesex. http://publishing.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . lately of the parish of St. the captain. and the said seamen and from their custody and possession then and there on the said high seas in the said place about six leagues distant from the cape called Cape Passado aforesaid 40 lb. and William Williams. take. captain. did with force and arms on the high seas in a certain place about six leagues distant from a certain cape commonly called Cape Passado in the West Indies and within the jurisdiction of the Admiral of England. the captain aforesaid. Paul Shadwell in the county of Middlesex. seaman.id=0.A Buccaneer's Atlas 10 19 Guasco 11 20 Gulf of Nicoya 12 20 Golfo Dalce 13 23 Pasta and Colan 14 24 English Gulf 15 24 HRH the Duke of York's Isles ― 283 ― Appendix B High Court of Admiralty Record of the Trial for Piracy and Murder Southwark. and did piratically and feloniously steal. piratically and feloniously invade. weight of sea bread worth 50 shillings in lawful English money. and Ireland. and enter a certain ship called "Le Rosario. Paul Shadwell aforesaid. Paul Shadwell aforesaid in the aforesaid county. being then and there in the treaty and friendship of our lord the King on the said high seas in the said place six leagues distant from the cape called Cape Passado and within the said jurisdiction in the said ship in the custody and possession of the said John Lopez.doc. HCA 1/11. seaman. Paul Shadwell in the county of Middlesex. and the said seamen of the said ship in bodily fear of their lives then and there in the said ship on the said high seas in the said place about six leagues distant from the said cape called Cape Passado in the West Indies and within the aforesaid jurisdiction. on the 20th day of May [1] in the 32nd year of the reign of our lord King Charles II. on the 20th day of May in the 32nd year of the reign of our lord Charles II. and Williams (PRO. Defender &c. John Cox.

Sir Robert Holmes. for piratically and feloniously stealing a certain ship called "Le Trinidad" and its equipment and fittings. 1/11. 104) 1. discharged as aforesaid. Sir Richard Raines. assisting. near the said left nipple. LL.A Buccaneer's Atlas Scotland. near his left nipple. wilfully. And that the aforesaid John Cox and William Williams at the time of the aforesaid felony and murder feloniously and wilfully and with malice aforethought committed and perpetrated by the said Bartholomew Sharpe in the manner and form aforesaid were feloniously. on the said ship called "Le Rosario" on the high seas in the said place about six leagues distant from the said cape called Cape Passado in the West Indies and within the aforesaid jurisdiction. on the said sea and within the said jurisdiction. and William Williams feloniously. for piratically and feloniously breaking and entering the ship called "Le St Pedro" (of which J Ortez de Ganbon[?] was master) and putting the master and seamen in bodily fear. Sir John Wetwang. and with malice aforethought. Cox. Stephen Brice. wilfully.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. for piratically and feloniously breaking and entering a ship called "Le Rosario" (of which John Lopez was master) and putting master and seamen in bodily fear.D. aiding. and Williams (PRO.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . wilfully. And so the jurors say on their said oaths that the said Bartholomew Sharpe. and Ireland. and Sir John Berry: Counts against Sharp. 4. and within the jurisdiction of the Admiral of England in a certain warship called "Le Trinidad.id=0. and maintaining the said Bartholomew Sharpe to do and perpetrate the said felony and murder feloniously. his Crown and dignity.. 21). for the murder of the said John Lopez. causing the said Lopez with the said shot. Sir James Smith. in the aforesaid place distant six leagues from the cape called Cape Passado in the West Indies and within the jurisdiction of the Admiralty of England in the manner and form aforesaid.) (see Introduction." http://publishing. by the force emitted by the powder aforesaid with the said shot from the said musket. Counts of the Indictment at the Trial (PRO. and with malice aforethought wound the said John Lopez in and on the left side of his body. John Cox. before Sir Thomas Exton. ― 284 ― called Cape Passado in the West Indies. LL. feloniously. HCA. Sir John Narborough. in and with the said warship.D. and William Williams did then and there feloniously. John Cox. of which said mortal wound the said John Lopez then and there died. and stealing goods of great value from it. And that the said Bartholomew Sharpe then and there did. master of the said ship called "Le Rosario. against the peace of our lord the King. And that the aforesaid Bartholomew Sharpe.S. and that the aforesaid Bartholomew Sharpe did then and there explode and discharge a certain musket worth 10 shillings in the said warship and loaded with gunpowder and leaden shot (which same musket the same Bartholomew Sharpe then and there had and held in both his hands) at the said John Lopez.. wilfully. wilfully." of which the said Bartholomew Sharpe was then Captain. 5. on the high seas. and stealing goods of great value from it. and with malice aforethought present. for piratically and feloniously entering a boat called "the little St John boat" (of which Diego Pablo was master) and putting master and seamen in bodily fear. with force and arms then and there feloniously. on Saturday the 10th day of June in the 34th year of King Charles II of England.doc. the actual date of the Rosarto 's capture was July 29. and stealing goods of great valise from it. the Queen's attorney. 3. abetting. Defender of the Faith. It seems likely that this was a simple error in the court proceedings and that there was no darker significance.cdlib. 104) At a session of Oyer and Terminer [2] and Gaol Delivery of the Admiralty of England held at New Hall in Southwark in the county of Surrey. and with malice aforethought killed and murdered the said John Lopez on the high seas. and with malice aforethought assault the said John Lopez being then and there on the said ship called "Le Rosario" in the treaty and friendship of our said lord the King and in the peace of God and of the said lord the King.chunk. HCA. wilfully. p. 2. Sir Richard Haddock. Sir James Butler. 1681 (O. in a certain place about six leagues distant from a certain cape commonly [1] According to the English journals. comforting. and with malice aforethought navigate and approach a certain ship called "Le Rosario" of which John Lopez was then captain and belonging to subjects [of] the most Serene [?] King of Spain now in the treaty and friendship of our present King. a mortal wound one inch wide and four inches deep. France. in and on the left side of his body.

Panama 3 1 Apr.-Feb. ― 285 ― Verdicts (PRO. with Coxon "general" 3 4 Apr. John Cox. English forces under Henry Morgan sack Panama 1 — Sharp's Voyage to the South Sea 1679 Dec. led by Sawkins 5 10 http://publishing. 105) Session of Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery of our lord the King for the Admiralty of England at New Hall in the parish of St. 331 men march across Isthmus of Darien. June 26 [1682] at the Hall of the Lords of the Admiralty at 2 p. 1/11. piracies. Fee—8s 4d each. HCA. June 10. "to hear and determine": an assize sitting with a petty jury after the hearing of a grand jury. Darien.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. The court was adjourned to Monday.A Buccaneer's Atlas [2] Literally. Darien. 5 7 ships off Golden Island.id=0. ― 286 ― Appendix C Chronology Page nos.doc. Bartholomew Sharpe. George in Southwark in the county of Surrey on Saturday. English buccaneer ships under Coxon and Sharp leave Jamaica 3 — 1680 Feb.chunk.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Attack on Porto Bello. and William Williams were severally acquitted of several felonies. to become effective by July 1671 1 — 1671 Jan. in the 34th year of King Charles II of England. and murder and released. 15 Sack of Santa María.m. Prologue Present text Printed journal (JP3 ) 1670 July 21 Anglo-Spanish Treaty signed in Madrid.

30 Second attack on Arica. and Ilo. 13-17 Provisions and water at Isle of Plate. including Dampier and Wafer. Chile.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 65 remain 19 140 May 7-28 Trinity refit at Gulf of Nicoya. Sharp becomes "general" 11 41 May 31 63 more men leave to return to the Caribbean.cdlib.A Buccaneer's Atlas Apr 23 Battle of Perico. Sharp becomes "general" again 18 130 Mar. bark captured 20 143 June 6-28 Careening at Golfo Dulce. 17 Mutiny near the Isle of Plate: 52 more men. Peru 19 142 Apr. Chile 15 104 Dec. Watling killed. about 150 men remain 12 43 June 6 Trinity and Mayflower sail toward the Galápagos Islands: contrary winds 13 45 June 17-July 25 Careening at Isle of Gorgona. Ecuador 14 62 Aug. 2 Mutiny. Chile. including the Trinity 9 27 Apr. 3-7 Sack of La Serena. 27 Second attack on Ilo. leave. Chile 19 138 Mar. 3 Attack on Arica.id=0. 12 Refitting at Juan Fernández Island 16 116 1681 Jan. Peru 15 92 Dec. Panama. Sharp superseded by Watling 16 130 Jan. Costa Rica. Veragua: Sawkins killed. 25-Jan. 28 Mayflower scuttled 14 76 Sept 13 Solar eclipse: Ringrose finds longitude 38 84 Oct. Costa Rica 20 151 July 8 Second capture of the San Pedro off Cape San 21 158 http://publishing. 25-Nov.doc.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . capture of five ships. Colombia 13 52 Aug. 26 Coxon and 70 men leave: Sawkins becomes "general" 10 35 May 10 Capture of the San Pedio at Taboga Island 10 37 May 22 Attack on Pueblo Nuevo.chunk. 12-15 Attack on Huasco.

A Buccaneer's Atlas
Francisco, Ecuador

a In this part of the book the pagination is confused and duplicated.

(Table continued on next page) ― 287 ― (Table continued from previous page)
Page nos.

Prologue

Present text

Printed journal (JP3 )

July 29

Capture of the Rosario with charts, etc., off Cape Pasado, Ecuador

21

151

Aug. 1

Bark captured in May scuttled

22

163

Aug. 12-16

Boot-topping at Isle of Plate

23

165

Aug. 28

Landing at Pasta, Peru, foiled; decision made to return to West Indies via Strait of Magellan

23

169

Oct. 12-Nov. 5

At Duke of York's Isle, Southern Patagonia

23

178

Nov. 17

Having missed the Strait of Magellan, the Trinity reaches 58°23' S, about 150 miles south of Cape Horn; into the South Atlantic

24

192

1682

Jan. 7

Equator crossed

25

204

Jan. 28

Barbados sighted

25

204

Jan. 30

Trinity arrives in Antigua; crew disperses

25

212

Feb.

Trinity abandoned at St. Thomas, Virgin Islands

26

Mar. 25-26

Most of crew reach England

27

212

Epilogue

1682

May 18

Sharp, Dick, and Cox arrested in London on charges of piracy and murder

27

June 10

Admiralty court acquits for lack of evidence

28

Oct. 23

Date of dedication of Hack's first South Sea

27

http://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j;chunk.id=0;doc.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48]

A Buccaneer's Atlas
Waggoner (W2/A1 ), to Charles II by Sharp

Nov. 25

Sharp appointed to command Bonetta sloop (command never taken up)

31

1683

Aug 10

Trinity destroyed in St. Thomas harbor

26

Oct. 1

Ringrose sails for South Sea in the Cygnet

30

1684

Jan.

Sharp in Nevis

32

May

Journals of Cox and Dick (JP1 & JP2 ) published in London

261

1685

Feb.

Ringrose's journal (JP3 ) published in London

262

1686

Feb. 19

Ringrose killed in Mexico

30

Dec. 30

Sharp acquitted of piracy in Nevis

32

1688

Sharp "commander" of Anguilla

32

1699

June

Sharp's journal (JP6 ) published in London

262

Summer

Sharp in prison on St. Thomas

32

― 289 ―

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY OF SECONDARY SOURCES
Adams, Thomas R. "William Hack's Manuscript Atlases of the Great South Sea of America." In John Carter Brown Library Annual Report for 1965-1966 . Providence, R.I., [1966]. Andrews, Kenneth R. The Spanish Caribbean: Trade and Plunder; 1530-1630 . New Haven, Ct., 1978. Artíñano y de Galdácano, Gervasio de. Historia del commercio con las Indias . . . . Barcelona, 1917. Aschmann, Homer. "Distribution and Peculiarity of Mediterranean Ecosystems." In Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems: Origin and Structure , edited by Francesco di Castri and Harold A. Mooney. New York, 1973.

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Aschmann, Homer, and Conrad Bahr. "Man's Impact on the Wild Landscape." In Convergent Evolution in Chile and California , edited by Harold A. Mooney. Stroudsburg, Pa., 1973. Ashbrook, Joseph. "The Astronomical Pirate." Sky and Telescope , August 1969, 75. Birch, Thomas. The History of the Royal Society of London . 4 vols. London, 1756-57. Boulind, Richard. "William Hack and the Description of New England." In Sibley's Hen: A Volume in Memory of Cliffoid Kenyon Shipton . Boston, 1982. Bradley, Peter T. The Lure of Peru: Marrtime Intrusion into the South Sea, 1598-1701 . Basingstoke and London, 1989. Bruman, Henry J. "Early Coconut Culture in Western Mexico," and "A Further Note on Coconuts in Colima." Hispanic American Historical Review 25, no. 2 (1945): 213, and 27, no. 2 (1947): 572-73. ———. "Sovereign California: The State's Most Plausible Alternative Scenario." In Henry J. Bruman and Clement Meighan, Early California Perception and Reality. William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, Los Angeles, 1981. Burchett, Josiah. A Complete History of the Most Remarkable Transactions at Sea . London, 1720. Burney, James. History of the Buccaneers of America . London, 1816. Campbell, Tony. "The Drapers' Company and Its School of Seventeenth-century Chartmakers." In My Head Is a Map , edited by Helen Wallis and Sarah Tyacke. London, 1973. Castillero Calvo, Alfredo. Los negros y mulatos libres en historia social . Panama City, 1969. Charnock, John. Biographia Navalis . 6 vols. London, 1794-98. Chevalier, François. Land and Society in Colonial Mexico. The Great Hacienda . Edited by Lesley B. Simpson, translated by Alvin Eustic. Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1963. Croft, Pauline. "English Mariners Trading to Spain and Portugal, 1558-1625." The Mariner's Mirror 69, no. 3 (1983): 251-66. Dampier, William. A New Voyage Round the World . . . . 1697. Reprint, edited by N. M. Penzer. London, 1937. Darwin, Charles. Geological Observations on South America . . . of the Voyage of the "Beagle. " London, 1846. ———. On the Origin of Species . London, 1859. Defoe, Daniel. The Life and Strange Surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner . London, 1719. Earle, Peter. The Wreck of the Almiranta. Sir William Phips and the Hispaniola Treasure . London, 1979. ———. The Sack of Panama . London, 1981. Fletcher, Francis. The World Encompassed . London, 1628. Reprinted in Francis Drake Privateer: Contemporary Narratives and Documents , edited by John Hampden. University: University of Alabama Press, 1972. Flores Mata, Gaudencio, et al. Tipos de vegetación de la República Mexicana (with map). Mexico City, 1971. Galvin, John, ed. The First Spanish Entry into San Francisco Bay, 1775 . San Francisco, 1971. Gerhard, Peter. Pirates on the West Coast of New Spain, 1575-1742 . Glendale, Ca., 1960. ———. The Southeast Frontier of New Spain . Princeton, 1979. Gosse, Philip. The Pirates' Who's Who . London, 1927. ———. The History of Piracy . London, 1932. Grant, Campbell. "Island Cumash." In California , edited by Robert F. Heizer. Vol. 8 of Handbook of North American Indians . Washington, D.C., 1978. Great Britain. Hydrographer of the Navy. South American Pilot, Vol. II . 15th ed. Taunton, 1971. ———. South American Pilot, Vol. III . 5th ed. Taunton, 1968. ———. Pacific Coasts of Central America and United States Pilot . 8th ed. Taunton, 1975.

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A Buccaneer's Atlas

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Calendar of State Papers. Colonial Series, America and West Indies, 16691674 . London, 1884. ———. Calendar of State Papers. Domestic Series, January 1st to December 31st, 1682 . London, 1932. ———. Calendar of State Papers. Colonial Series, America and West Indies, 1681-1685 . London, 1898. Great Britain. Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts. Third Report, Appendix . London, 1872. Gzrimek, Bernhard, ed. Animal Life Encyclopedia . Vol. 13. New York, 1972. Haring, C. H. The Buccaneers of the West Indies in the XVII Century . London, 1910. Howse, Derek, and Michael Sanderson. The Sea Chart . Newton Abbot, England, 1973. Kemp, Peter K., and Christopher Lloyd. The Brethren of the Coast: The British and French Buccaneers in the South Seas . London, 1960. Leighly, John B. California as an Island: An Illustrated Essay . San Francisco, 1972. Lloyd, Christopher. "Bartholomew Sharp, Buccaneer." The Mariner's Mirror 42 (1956): 291-301. ———. William Dampier . Hamden, Ct., 1966. Lynam, Edward. The Mapmaker's Art . London, 1953. [The chapter on Sharp was first published by Orion Booksellers, Ltd., in 1946.] McEvedy, Colin, and Richard Jones. Atlas of Worm Population History . London, 1978. ― 290 ― MacLeod, Murdo. Spanish Central America: A Socio-Economic History, 1520-1720 . Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1973. Mathes, W. Michael. Californiana I: Documentos para la historia de la demarcación comercial de California, 1583-1632 . 2 vols. Madrid, 1965. ———. Californiana II: Documentos para la historia de la explotación comercial de California, 1611-1679 . 2 vols. Madrid, 1970. ———. The Capture of "Santa Aria. " Los Angeles, 1969. ———. Vizcaíno and Spanish Expansion in the Pacific . San Francisco, 1968. Miller, Robert. "Cortés and the First Attempt to Colonize California." California Historical Quarterly 53, no. 1 (1974): 5-16. Mörner, Magnus. Race Mixture in the History of Latin America . Boston, 1967. Namier, Lewis B., and John Brooke, eds. The History of Parliament: The House of Commons, 1754-1790. II— Members, A-J . London, 1964. Nuttall, Zelia, ed. New Light on Drake . Hakluyt Society Publications, 2d ser., no. 34. London, 1914. Oppolzer, Theodor von. Canon of Eclipses . Vienna, 1887. Ortiz Sotelo, Jorge. Un Derroterro inglés de las costas de América (1703-1704) . Lima, 1988. Parry, John H. The Spanish Seaborne Empire . London, 1966. Ritchie, Robert C. Captain Kidd and the War against the Pirates . Cambridge, Mass., 1986. Sauer, Carl O. Aboriginal Population of Northwestern Mexico . Berkeley, 1935. ———. The Early Spanish Main . Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1966. Sherman, William L. Forced Native Labor in Sixteenth-Century Spanish America . Lincoln, Neb., 1979. Simpson, Lesley B. The Encomienda in New Spain: Forced Labor in the Spanish Colonies, 1492-1550 . Berkeley, 1929.

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Skelton, Raleigh A. "King George III's Maritime Collection," British Museum Quarterly 18 (1953): 63-65. 34. ———. "Hydrographic Collections in the British Museum," Journal of the Institute of Navigation 9 (1956): 323———. Explorers' Maps . London, 1958. Sloane, Sir Hans. A Voyage to the Islands Madera, Barbadoes, Nieves, S. Christophers and Jamaica . . . Vol. 1. London, 1704. Smith, Thomas R. "Manuscript and Printed Sea-Charts in Seventeenth-century London: The Case of the Thames School." In The Compleat Plattmaker , edited by Norman J. W. Thrower. William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, Los Angeles, 1978. Standley, Paul C. "Flora of the Panama Canal Zone." In Contributions to the United States National Herbarium 27 (1928). Thrower, Norman J. W., and David E. Bradbury, eds. Chile-California Mediterranean Scrub Atlas: A Comparative Analysis . Stroudsburg, Pa., 1977. Tooley, Ronald V. California as an Island . Map Collectors' Circle Series, no. 8. London, 1963. Villamarín, Juan A., and Judith E. Villamarín. Indian Labor in Mainland Colonial Spanish America . University of Delaware, Latin American Studies Program Occasional Papers and Monographs, no. 1. Newark, 1975. Wafer, Lionel. A New Voyage and Description of the Isthmus of America . London, 1699. Reprint, edited by L. E. Elliot Joyce. Hakluyt Society Publications, 2d ser., no 73. Oxford, 1934. Wagner, Henry R. The Cartography of the Northwest Coast of America . 2 vols. Berkeley, 1937. Reprint (1 vol.). Amsterdam, 1968. Williams, Glyndwr. Documents relating to Anson's voyage round the world, 1740-1744 . Navy Records Society, no. 109. London, 1967. Zavala, Silvio A. La Encomienda indiana . Madrid, 1935. ———. New Viewpoints on Spanish Colonization in America . Philadelphia, 1943. ― 291 ―

INDEX
Modern forms of place names are indicated in parentheses.

A
Abajo, Rio, Panama, 125 Abingdon Island (Isle Pinta), Galapagos, 259 Abingtons Isle (Isle Pinta), Galapagos, 259 Acahutla: Acahutla, El Salvador, 67 , 84 , 87 ; Port of Acahutla (Acajutla), El Salvador, 87 Acamama, Punta, Mexico, 69 Acapulco: Acapulco, Mexico, 22 , 43 , 49 , 59 , 63 , 64 , 64 n, 65 -66, 66 n, 67 -68, 70 , 73 , 264 -66; Acapulco de Juárez, Mexico, 67 ; Bahía de Acapulco, Mexico, 65 ; Fuerte de San Diego de Acapulco, Mexico, 67 ;

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dedications to. 27 . Galapagos. 259 Alcatraces: Alcatraces. 159 Almedrall. Peru. 218 Alico. Peru. 131 . 267 . Mexico. 167 . 205 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 71 Aguja: Aguja. 31 . 249 Admiralty. El. Chile. Spanish explorer. governor-general of Jamaica. Rio de (Rio Sicatela). 168 . Morro de (Morro de Atico). Chile. Eloy. Mexico. Volcán. 71 . Mexico. Peru. Chile. Isleta de Afuera. 188 . proceedings. Isla Alcatraz. Ecuador. Volcán Aconcaqua. 235 . 137 . Isla Más Afuera. 205 Acatenango. 204 . 271 . High Court of. duke. Guatemala. Admiralty Library (see Naval Historical Library) Aextoxicon punctatum. 207 Acary. 139 . Chile. 71 Alfaro. Volcán de. 72 . 154 Alacrán. 64 . 83 Agua Duce. 217 Actro Chausos. 71 . 169 Ahorcados. Isla. 257 . Mexico. 83 Acmacidae. Mexico. Los (Islotes Los Ahorcados). Islotes Hormigas de Afuera. Mexico. Chile-Argentina. Puerto de Acapulco. Guatemala. 67 . Peru. Volcán de. Ecuador. 60 Almagro. Pta del Aguja (Punta Aguja). Peru. 270 Albemarle Island (Isla Isabela). 32 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Port of Acapulco. Chile. 28 . 252 n Aconcagua: Rio Aconcagua. Morro di (Morro Chala).chunk. 169 .id=0. Isla de Alcatraces. 191 Agrio. 189 . 155 Algodonales (Bahía Algodonales). 235 http://publishing. 232 Afuera: Isla Lobos de Afuera. Chile. 207 Alima. 259 . 204 . 166 . 283 -85. 261 . 153 . 31 .cdlib.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .doc. Peru. Diego de. Peru. 215 Albemarle. Panama. 155 Alcatraz: Alcatraz. 249 Agua. 267 . Mexico. 168 n. 65 Acari. Ecuador. Mexico. Chile. 68 . Pta de Alcatraces (Punta Alcatras).

Lo Alto de Tucapell (Cordilleras de Nahuelbuta). 198 n Amilpas: Amilpas. 254 n Anchor tavern. Volcan of the Amilpas. Lo Alto de Tunbes (Cerros Los Amotapes). 43 . symbols for. Morro. Chile. Chile. http://publishing. 80 Amores.doc. Colombia. 195 Altan. 49 Amblyihynchus cristatus . Alto San Pedro. Stepney. Gulfe of Amapall.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 93 Amapall: Amapall (La Unión). Rio. England. Amapal or Fonceca. 157 Amortajado. Chile. Ecuador. 155 . 209 Anabacas. Anton de Sardinas (Bahía de Ancón de Sardinas). 56 n. 94 Amarales. Picos de. 140 . Peru. Chile. Pico Alto (Cerro Facio).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .A Buccaneer's Atlas Almenos. 135 Anasgeorggica spinicauda . 155 Alpaca. 171 Altonlina. Ro. 247 Altos de Talinay. 211 Alonde. Guatemala. 93 . 243 . Ecuador. 141 . Chile. Amapala. 155 . 125 . Ecuador. 250 Ambergris. Golfo de (see Fonseca) Amapala: Amapala. Guatemala. 139 Ambergrease. 250 n Amblada (Isla Socorro). Pico. El Salvador. 61 Alta de Chilca. Guatemala. Ecuador.cdlib. 97 . 41 . 212 Alta California. 46 Anchoves. 164 Ancon: Ancon. Mexico. 247 Amotapes. 73 . Mexico. Ecuador. 80 . 231 Amapal: Amapal. Honduras. 97 . Peru. Chile. 124 n. 92 . 27 Anchorage. 67 .chunk. Mexico. 82 Ananas. 247 . Cerros Los. Peru. Los. El Salvador.id=0. Colombia. Panama. Ecuador. El Salvador. 155 Ana de Osorio. 249 Alto: Alto de Mala (Cerro Zambapala). 96 .

253 . Cerro del Ancon. South America. 162 Angells.chunk. Puerto de San Anton. Indian chief. Cabo de San. 270 . 247 . Puerto. Pta del (Point Año Nuevo). 137 Andes: Andes. later Admiral. Mexico. 32 Ania. 125 Ancud: Ancud. Chile. 51 . book collector. 146 n. Chile. Las (Picos de Ananas). 71 Anguilla. Chile. 245 Aniu.cdlib. 256 n Antofagasta. 197 Andreas. George. 77 . 49 Año nuebo. Mexico. 134 Angel. Peru. 189 . 49 Anian. 271 Antego (Antigua). 52 Año Nuevo. Bahía San. Cordillera Occidental de Los Andes (Cordillera Negra). 249 . Pascual de. Rio de Anton (Rio Antón). 247 . Chile. 225 Anin. 10 Andres. 49 Ánimas. 52 Anonymous journalist. Mexico. Pta de Ancud (Punta Corona). 123 Antonio. 4 . USA. 254 Antigua. Bahía de Ancon. Puerto de los (Puerto Angel). Las Anegadizas. 251 Anegadas. 249 Andagoya. 237 . USA. 74 Angelos. 262 Anson. Bahía de An-cud. 251 Andreas. Puerto de (Bahía de Ancón). Chile. Spanish pilot. 267 . 6 . Peru.A Buccaneer's Atlas Ancon Sin Salida. 185 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 145 http://publishing.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Thomas. 223 Anton: Anton de Rodas. 51 . 135 Anegadizas: Anegadizas. Colombia. 27 . 71 Angell. Rio. Panama. Chile. 25 . Captain. 189 . Chile. Chile. Panama. Point. Michaile.id=0. Chile. Puerto Chañaral de las. Colombia. Peru. Domingo. Mexico. Commodore. 219 . Lord. Spanish explorer. Chile.doc. 32 Anson.

Morro de Arica.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 56 n. attacked. Panama. Pta de Arena. Colombia.A Buccaneer's Atlas Antonio de Ascensión. 134 Apeneca: Apeneca. Cerro Grande de Apaneca. Chile. 21 . 107 . Bahía Arica. Mexico. http://publishing. 265 Antro. 255 . Panama. 131 . 215 Ariquipa: Ariquipa. Peru. 85 . Peru.id=0. Peru. Archipiélago de las Perlas. 210 . Port of Ariquipa.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 227 . 217 . 210 Aquada. 14 . 243 Arbol de Guise. Chile. 255 Apples. Chile. 15 . Ecuador. Colombia. Archipiélago Madre de Dios. Argen― 292 ― Arena (continued ) tina. 139 Arato. 204 . 258 n. 76 Araucanians. Point. Bay of San. Fray. 211 Araguaiquin (Erequaiquin). Pta de la Arena. 152 n. 189 Argentina. 215 .doc. 206 . 240 n Arauco. 87 Apostoles (Rocas Apóstoles). 253 Arena: Arena. 18 . Chile. 206 . Peru. Pta Arena (Punta Arenas). Chile. Guatemala-El Salvador.cdlib. 259 . 129 Aquilca (Quilca). Punta. USA. El Salvador. Morro de Ariquipa. 90 . Peru. Chile. 204 . 130 n. 206 . 215 . 235 Arica: Arica. Chile. Ecuador. 87 .chunk. 13 . Arenas. Costa Rica. 91 Arastra (Rio Amarales). Pta Arena (Punta Arena). Sierra de la Arena. 137 . Ecuador. El Salvador. Puerto de Arica (Bahía Arica). 155 . 198 . Colombia. Panama. 51 . 156 . 214 -16. 127 Archipiélago: Archipiélago de Colón (Galapagos Islands).

163 http://publishing. Chile. 113 Avenida Colonial. 129 Astrolabe. 255 . 196 . 269 . Chile. Peru. 143 Atequipa. Nicaragua. 75 Astellero de Padron (Estero Padre Ramos). mariner's. Peru. Peru. 3 Attittlan. Cerro. 97 Asia: Isla de Asia. 82 Atlantic Ocean. Panama. 93 Astillero de Estovall Martin (La Palma). Ecuador. Panama. Bolcan de Atittlan (Volcán Atitlán). 57 Atacama: Atacama. Punta. 83 . 215 . Ecuador. 221 . Nicaragua.. Peru. 24 n. 206 . Panama. 37 Asunción. Attittlan. 207 Atico: Atico. Chile. Bahía. Mexico. 245 Askew. 143 .chunk. Fray Antonio de. Peru. 193 Avicennia germinans . 83 . Guatemala. 93 Astillero de Avila. Rio. Panama 131 Ascensión. Morro de. 24 . Nicaragua. Rio de. Peru. Isla. 194 Ayoyero.A Buccaneer's Atlas Volcan of Ariquipa.doc. Nicaragua.cdlib. Peru. Nicaragua. 212 Armada Channel. 195 Asilla. Pta Asia (Punta Malpaso de Asia).id=0. Morro de Atico. Anthony. Panama. 14 . 271 Astata. See Atitlán Ave María. 207 Atitlán: Volcán Atitlán.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Lima. 93 Ayacucho. Astillero de. 64 n Aserradores: Estero de Aserradores. 227 Atacames: Bahía de Atacames. Isla de Aserradores. 256 n Atrato R. 207 . 195 . Guatemala. 131 Asafrur (Isleta de Afuera).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Poblacíon de Atacames. Atacama Desert. 209 Atiquipa. 15 . Peru. Mexico. Spanish cartographer. Guatemala. 37 Astronomical observations. Peru. 97 . Peru. 72 n Avila. 219 .

157 . 243 Bahía Chanco. Peru. Chile.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 189 Bahía de Ancud. Mexico. Chile. 75 . 217 Bahía de San Barnabé. Philip. Chile. 133 Bahía de Acapulco. Mexico. 227 Bahía Coquimbo. Pta de Ayutla (Punta Ayuta). 197 B Baba: Puiblo de San Pedio de Baba (Samborondón).. Chile. publisher. Ecuador.A Buccaneer's Atlas Ayres. Babahoyo. 125 Azul. 107 Bahía Carnero. Puerto de Cerro. 75 Bahía Banderas. Panama.cdlib. 249 Bahía de Atacames. 61 Bahía de Pisagua. 61 Bahía Caldera. Peru. Costa Rica. Mexico. 36 Baena. Mexico. 215 Bahía Astata. 143 Bahía de Chametla.id=0. Mexico. Chile. 239 Bahía Coliumo. 75 . 66 n Azúcar. Peru. Ecuador. See Chametla Bahía de Coronado. 201 Bahía de Pérula. Chile. Rio. Mexico. 27 . cartographer. 60 n http://publishing. 249 Bahía Cupia. 239 Bahía Conchalí. Ecuador. Costa Rica. 268 Ayuta: Punta Ayuta.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 179 Backstaff (Davis quadrant). 108 n. Rio de Baba (Rio Los Tintos). Chile. P. 233 Bahía Copiapo.chunk. 157 Bacas de Fferrol (Islotes Ferrol). Chile. Rio Ayuta. Mexico. 157 . 76 Aztecs. 261 . 75 . Ecuador. Chile. Peru. See Acapulco Bahía de Ancón. 109 Bahía de Paracas. 229 Bahía Cucao.doc. Chile. Islote Pan de. Colombia. 271 Bahía Arica.

65 Bahía Elena. 255 Bahía Gente Grande. 205 Bahía San Sebastián. 231 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 225 Bahía Linao. Chile. 71 Bahía Felipe. Mexico.A Buccaneer's Atlas Bahía de San Quintín. Chile. Chile. Mexico. 179 Bahía de Zihuatanejo. Colombia. Mexico. Chile. 101 Bahía Escondido. 233 Bahía Rosario. 133 Bahía Petacalco. Chile. 183 Bahía Isla Blanca. Mexico. 255 Bahía Gramandal. 55 Bahía de Somanco.id=0. 227 Bahía Salina Cruz. Mexico. 205 Bahía San Lucas. 73 Bahía Solano. 185 Bahía Herradura de Guayacán. Chile. Mexico. Chile. 243 Bahía Quintero. 55 http://publishing.cdlib. 255 Bahía San Vicente. Colombia. 251 Bahía San Juan. Peru. 115 Bahía Huarmey.doc. See Magdelana Bahía Manzanillo. 225 Bahía Octavia. 63 Bahía Piñas. Argentina. 249 Bahía Lomas. Costa Rica. Peru.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .chunk. 75 Bahía San Andres. 253 Bahía Todos Santos. Argentina. 241 Bahía Santa Cruz. Panama. Peru. 135 Bahía Tarn. Chile. See San Lucas Bahía San Nicolás. Peru. Chile. 133 Bahía Queule. 223 Bahía Nuestra Señora. Chile. Mexico. Chile. 57 Bahía Salado. 232 Bahía Honda. Peru. 255 Bahía Magdalena. 229 . 220 Bahía Moreno. Chile. Mexico. Colombia. See Manzanillo Bahía Mejillones del Sur. Argentina. Argentina.

Ecuador. Spanish admiral. Chile. 129 Bamba. 127 Balboa Harbor.cdlib. Chile. 129 Balsama. USA.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 91 Balboa. 109 Bahía Valparaíso. 129 Banco San José. Peru. Mexico. Berkeley. Costa Baja. 124 n Baldivia: Baldivia. Ysla de Baldivia (Isla Teje). 108 n. 38 . 69 . 61 Bapi. Costa Rica. 185 . 245 Baleo. Vasco Núñez de. 86 n. 56 n Banderas. Mexico. Ecuador.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Peru. 269 . Pta de la (Punta Lavapié). El Salvador. 256 http://publishing. Mexico. Chile. 75 Banbo. 271 Banda. Jacinto de. Bajos. Mexico. Bahía. Peru. Panama. Rio (Rio Baleo Grande). Chile. Spanish explorer. 235 Baho. 71 Baja: Baja California. 89 Bálsamo. Bajos de Paguell (Isla Jambeli). 89 Balsas: Pta de Balsas. 3 . 201 Balleno. Costa de. El Salvador. Panama. Mexico. Panama. Costa Rica. 201 Balsa wood. 155 Ballena. Punta. Rio de Baranca (Rio de Barranca). 243 Baquerizo Moreno. Ecuador. Rio Baja.id=0. Bajos de Mondragon (Isla Mondragón). Golfo de. 115 Bajos: Bajos. 131 Bancroft Library. El Salvador. Ecuador. Sierra de la (Costa de Bálsamo). Rio (Quebrada Corredó). Panama. Bajos Lempa. Panama. Chile (see Valdivia). 10 Baranca: Puerto de La Baranca. Mexico. 25 . 119 . Panama. 229 Bahía Uvita. 107 Barbados.A Buccaneer's Atlas Bahía Tongoy. 155 .chunk. 43 . La (Islas Ballestas). 128 Ballesia. 9 . Rio de Balsas (Rio Balsas o Tucuti). Chile. Ecuador. Morro. 60 n. Panama. 155 . 155 .doc. 157 Barahona. 243 .

5 . 9 -11. Panama. La. Guatemala. Argentina. defined. Costa Rica. El Salvador. Chile.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Chile. Cerro de Baru (Cerro Ave María). Costa Rica. Panama. 85 Barra de Hibaltique (Bajos Lempa). Rio de Barranca. 63 Barra de San Francisco.chunk. Peru. 130 n Bay of Papagayo. 247 Baya de Boracho. 134 Bay of Sechura. Mexico. 137 Bay. 255 . 100 Bay of San Antro. 184 Barrio Nuevo. 131 Bartolomé: Cabo San Bartolomé. 164 Baya. Chile. 255 Bartme de la Calle (Isla Bartolomé). 147 Baya de Coquimbo (Bahía Coquimbo). 91 Barra de Mosquitos (Barra de San Francisco). 20 -22. 156 Bay of Icacos. Pta de. 30 n. Peru.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Barranca (Población de Barranca). 90 . Peru. 77 Barranca: Barranca. 97 Baya de Caracas (Jaramillo). 229 . Panama. Mexico. 14 . 135 http://publishing. Colombia. 186 Barks. 266 . 222 Bay of Panama. Peru. 107 . Isla Bartolomé. 77 Barra de Navidad. captured. Peru. 124 Barra de Estapa (Puerto de Istapa). See Santa Barbara Barenca. 131 Baru: Baru. privateer.cdlib. Rio. 157 . 113 Batehelor's Delight . Rio Barranca (Rio Pativilon). 112 . 18 n. Mexico. Ecuador. 82 . 5 n Barques. 185 . 185 . 97 Bartholomeo. Cavo San (Cabo San Bartolomé). 184 . Nicaragua. Ecuador.id=0.A Buccaneer's Atlas Barbara. Argentina. Ecuador. 258 n Baudo. Rio de la Barranca. 67 Bay of Nra Sra. Mexico.doc. Colombia. Colombia. Nicaragua. 230 Baya de Ffran Solano (Bahía Solano).

107 Belin. Panama. 253 Baya de Nra Sra (Bahía Nuestra Señora). 55 . 131 Bayovar. England. Chile. Chile. 55 Baya de St Andreus (San Pedro Bay). Chile. 146 n Beagle . 194 n Bellona. Colombia. Rio.id=0. 253 Baya de San Lazaro. Ecuador. 143 Baya de San Quintin (Bahía de San Quintin). Colombia. Panama. Chile.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 220 Baya de N. Panama. Peru. Costa Rica. Señora. Porto. Mexico. 56 Baya de Tongoy (Bahía Tongoy). 253 Baya de San Matteo (Bahía San Mateo). Panama. 253 Baya de Madalina. Panama.cdlib. See San Lucas Baya de San Juan (Bahía Tarn). 160 Beech trees. 56 Baya de Todos Santos. Chile. 227 Baya St Ffillipe (Bahía Felipe). Argentina. Mexico. See San Miguel http://publishing. Chile. 238 n Bejuco. 255 Bayoneta.doc. 135 Baya de San Barnabe.chunk.A Buccaneer's Atlas ― 293 ― Baya de la Buina Ventura (Bahía Buenaventura). 255 Baya de Nra Snra. Chile. 55 . Colombia. Argentina. 165 Beaba. 116 Baya Salada. Mexico. scientific exploration vessel. 66 n. 115 Beachy Head. Isla. Ecuador. Isla. 258 n Beagle Channel. Chile. Chile.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Chile. 223 Baya de Nombre de Jesus (Bahía Lomas). 225 Baya de Rapaosa. 57 Baya Grande. 229 Baya de Virgines (Bahía Rosario). Chile. 255 Baya Honda (Bahía Honda). 255 Bears. 228 Baya Sallada (Bahía Salado). 157 Bello. Chile. 115 . 137 Baya de San Anto (Puerto Utría). Gulf of. See Magdalena Baya de Mexillones (Bahía Mejillones del Sur). 137 Baya de Los Reyes (Boca de Canales). USA.

46 . Vice-Admiral.A Buccaneer's Atlas Benados. 265 Black. Sir John. Rio de. 44 .chunk. Galapagos. Chile. 263 Blanca: Bahía Isla Blanca. 284 Bertie. 125 Benalcázar. 89 Berrugate (Isla Berrugate). 241 Bique. 5 . Chile. 156 . Chile. 259 Bertran. 107 . 201 . Cabo (Cavo. Chile. Galapagos. Mexico. 265 .. 249 Bequi.id=0. Ecuador. 160 Blathwayt. 115 . 75 Bishops Towne (Santiago Astata). 32 Bernard. USA. Panama. Ya Blanca (Los Frailes). 258 n Bermejo: Puerto Bermejo (Manache). Panama. Spanish official. Peru. Panama. Costa Rica. Panama. Rio de (Rio Venado). Rio Bío Bío. 125 Bishops Bay (Bahía Astata). 111 . Sebastián de. John. 115 Berlanga." 41 . Punta Blanco. Costa Rica. 28 n. William. Mexico. James. 263 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Costa Rica. 61 Blanco: C. Pta Sa (Punta Casajal). El Salvador. Rio Biobio. 271 Boca Chica. Peru. 105 . Isla Blanca. 104 . 131 Bermuda. Panama. 75 "Black. 125 Bindless Isle (Isla Marchena). 106 . 253 http://publishing. 155 Bernerdillo. Rio de (Rio Botrero). Tetas de Biobio (Tetas del Bio Bio).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Colomaba de. 144 Biabia (Isla Urabá). Spanish explorer. Panama. Peru. Rio Bermejo (Rio San Juan). 159 . 43 . 183 . first earl of Abingdon. 157 Benbow. Spanish explorer. 32 Benchimibeda. Blanco. 107 Berry. Chile. 225 . 259 Bío Bío: Biobio. Cape) Blanco. Mexico. 259 Bindloe Island (Isla Marchena). Admiral.doc. 242 . librarian. Tomás de. 241 . Don. Panama. Chile. Jeanette D. Cape Blanco (Cabo Blanco). 129 Boca de Canales. 238 n.cdlib. 155 .

A Buccaneer's Atlas Boca del Toro.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 131 Bolcan de Atittlan (Volcán Atitlán). Panama. Guatemala. 137 Bolaños. 129 Bocca dell Toro. Stephen. Peru.id=0. Rio (Punta Buena Vista). 147 Bocubi. 83 Bolcan de Osorno (Voleán Osorno). 31 -32 Bonifacio. Ecuador. 255 Borachos. 259 Brattles Isle (Isla Pinzón). Peru. Panama. Rio. 155 Bombache. 284 Bristol. advocate. 267 -271 Bucaniers of America. Panama. See Exquemelin http://publishing. 193 Boca Vieja. 147 Botrero. 259 Brava. Morro. 28 n. 245 Boot-topping. Panama.doc. Guatemala. 73 Brice. Chile. Isla. Nicaragua. Argentina. 178 Bombaz (Punta Lava Lava). Panama.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 129 Bonao (Isla Boná). 131 Bona Vista. USA. American merchant. London. 125 Bonetta . 117 Bodega Bay. Thomas. 244 . Panama. Mexico. 263 . 51 Bogotes. 23 . Chile. earl of. 189 . England. sloop. 255 Boca Negra (Bocanegra). Costa Rica. 247 Bolcan de Yuanavia (Voleán Calbuco). Enseñada de (Punta Borrachos). Panama. Colombia. Panama.chunk. Panama. 263 British Library. Volcan (Volcán Mombacho). 100 . 115 Bocia Borachos. Ecuador. 97 Bocas. 247 Boli. 117 Brea. Ecuador. 121 Bocachica. Galapagos. Rio. 30 n Boqueron (Paso Boquerón). Panama. Dos. Panama. Chile. Isla de la. 101 Bombacho.cdlib. 125 Brattle. Rio (Rio Baudo). Chile. Punta. Rio de. 29 Boca Grande (Bahía Gente Grande). 83 Bolcan de Guatemala (Volcán Acatenango). Enseñada de Bocia (Punta Borrachos).

255 Cabo Mala. Ecuador. Rio (Rio Bueno). attorney. 235 Buffadore.A Buccaneer's Atlas Buena Ventura. 112 . Colombia. Rio de la Buina Ventura (Rio Buenaventura). 155 . 76 Buij. William.chunk. 159 Cabo Corrientes. 246 . Argentina. 255 Cabo Pilar. Chile. 137 Buino. Chile. Costa Rica. Pta (Punta Burica). 247 Burica.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 271 Bute. Panama. 105 . 251 Cabo San Bartolomé. 213 Buina Ventura: Baya de la Buina Ventura (Bahía Buenaventura). Costa Rica. Sir James. cartographer. Peru. Herba (Caleta Yerba Buina). See Corrientes Cabo de guiones (Punta Guionos). Pta de. Ecuador.id=0. Chile. Costa Rica. Chile. James. Ecuador. 2 Buron. 271 Cabo Blanco: Cabo Blanco. Panama. 147 Cabo Peñas. Ecuador. Costa Rica-Panama. 129 Buenos Aires. 107 Cabiñas. 271 Butler. 284 C Caballo. marquess of. Colombia. Quebrada los. 255 http://publishing. 137 . 111 Cabo Pasao. Argentina. Mexico. 118 Burney. Argentina. 255 Cabo Quilán. Isla. Punta. Chile. 251 Cabo de San Lorenzo. 105 Cabo de San Andreas. 255 Cabo Espíritu Santo. book collector. 110 . 28 n. Peru.cdlib. 129 Burrell. 155 Buina. 155 Bueys. 251 Cabo Deseado. 111 . 107 .doc. author. Chile. 136 Buena Vista. River. 268 . Salte de. 119 Cabo Matapalo. Panama.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Costa Rica. 269 . Colombia. 249 Cabo Raper. Cabo Blanco. Chile. Punta. Chile. 149 Cabo de San Roman (Cabo Raper).

Juan Rodríguez. 107 . Simón. 194 . Argentina.A Buccaneer's Atlas Cabo San Gonzalo. 190 Calbuco: Calbuco. 233 Caleta Los Chinos. 137 Caldeo. Peru. Peru. Isla. El Salvador. 255 Cabo Velas. Panama. Mexico. 103 Cabo Victoria. 22 . 73 . 109 Cacique. purchaser of the Waggoner. Costa Rica. Peru. Chile. Chile. 106 Calderón. Costa Rica. 201 Caleta Ligua. Island of Calao. 159 Caleta Lagunillas. Port of Caldera.chunk. 130 n Cacaluta. Peru. Chile. 101 .id=0. Panama. Chile. Sir James. explorer. 27 Caldes. Cerro de (Cerro Cabra). Peru. See San Lucas Cabo San Vicente. Rio de. Volcán Calbuco.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Colombia. 131 Caird. 193 . 255 Cabo Valentín. 247 Calcaquey. Spanish vessel. 103 Cabo Setabense. Mexico. 74 Caleta Cuacato. 73 Cacao. 60 n. 247 . Argentina. 125 Cabrillo. 199 Caleta La Cruz de Pizarro. Argentina. 87 Caleta. 225 http://publishing. 255 Cabra. Costa Rica.doc. 255 Cabo Santa Elena. 88 Caldera (Bahía Caldera). 188 . 180 Calao: Calao (Callao). Laque of. 181 Caleta Ocona. 56 n Cacafuego . 255 Cabo San Lucas. Peru. captured Spanish servant. Peru. 249 Caldas. Peru. Chile. 100 n. 190 . Chile. Chile. 209 ― 294 ― Caleta Pajonal.cdlib. 265 Calabra. El Salvador.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .

149 Camana. 21 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Caleta Pucusana. 131 . Ecuador. 43 . Peru. 73 . Panama. 216 . Mexico. Rio. Ecuador. Thomas.cdlib.doc. 153 . 155 Camote. Isla. Ecuador. Pt di (Punta de Jaramijo). 124 n. 266 Calle: Bartme de la Calle (Isla Bartolomé). 43 . Isla. 174 . Chile. Peru. Peru. 245 Callao. 121 Canal de Afuera. 249 Caluca: Isla de Caluca (Isla Cacaluta). Costa Rica. Panama. 49 . Rio Calle Calle. 131 Camp. Peru. 123 . 153 Callophyllum longifolia . 27 Campaña: Campaña. 129 . Cerras de (Cerro Grande). Ecuador. sidesman. Chile. 253 Campañado. 154 . 195 Caleta Quilquay. 50 . Mexico. Chile. Chile. 48 -60. Rio (Rio San Pedro). 173 . Panama.chunk. Peru. Peru. 235 Campeche. 213 Caletas. 264 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 48 . 214 Cambray (Isla de Santa Clara). 52 n. Isla. 32 Campele. 266 Callacalla. 116 n Calluco. Pta de Callo (Cullo). 208 . Ecuador. 155 http://publishing. Rio Caluca (Rio Tayuta). 207 Calera Yerba Buina. 11 . 60 . Cerro Campana. 211 Camaron. Rio de la Camba (Rio Locumba).id=0. 115 Canal de Matorrillos. Peru. 73 Cama. 213 . 190 -94. Ecuador. Calle de La Limo. 125 Camarones. 245 . 249 Callo: Callo.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 155 Canal de Naranjal. 217 Camba: Camba. 43 . Chile. Panama. 107 Canagua. 174 . Campaña de Truhilio (Cerro Campaña). Punta de Callo. Mexico. Peru. Peru. 183 California. Chile. Panama. Ecuador. Chile. Panama. La Campaña (Isla La Campaña). Panama.

Peru. 108 .. San Vicente de Cañete. 197 . 196 . Peru. 119 . 156 . Panama. 30 n. Cape Blanco.cdlib. 24 . defined.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Ecuador. Peru. Rio. 131 Canales: Boca de Canales. Chile. 109 Canelija (Canal Ventura Cruz). La (Rio de Chone). 153 Cape Mendocino. See Mendocino Cape merchant (supercargo). Peru. Ecuador. Ecuador. 104 Cape de Guyones.id=0. 155 n. 108 -9 Caño. 197 Canio. Costa Rica. Chile. Panama. Puerto de Canete (Puerto de Cerro Azul). Peru. Panama. 4 . 131 Canete: Canete. 256 n Cape Lorenzo (Cabo de San Lorenzo). 148 . 51 Cape Corientes. 104 -7. 152 . 159 . See Santa Barbara Canal Ventura Cruz. 50 Cape Blanco: Cape Blanco (Cabo Blanco). 148 n http://publishing. Colombia. 197 . Costa Rica. Cape Ffrancisco. 136 . Peru. 107 Candish. Thomas. 196 .chunk. Ecuador. Rio de Cañas (Rio Canamazo). 30 n Cape Passao. 50 n. Costa Rica. 104 Cape Ffrancisco: Cape Ffrancisco. Costa Rica. Isla del. 115 Canamazo. 108 n. USA. Peru. Costa Rica. 109 Canoa. 107 Canary Islands. 161 . 160 . USA. Costa Rica. 38 . Costa Rica.doc.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 197 . 22 . 146 Cape Horn. 147 Cao: Magdalena de Cao. Isla de Canete. 49 . Pta de Cao. Cape Blanco. Costa Rica. 253 . 149 . Peru. Port of Canete. 173 . Peru. Rio Canete. Canales (Isla Canal de Afuera).A Buccaneer's Atlas Canal de Sta Barbara. 108 Cano I. See Cavendish Candishes Bay (Bahía Uvita). Panama. See Corientes Cape de Guiones. 173 Cape Andreus. Costa Rica. 228 n Cañas: Rio Cañas (Rio de Caña). 20 .

captain. Mexico. 201 Carbon: Carbon.id=0. Ysla de. Peru. 239 . 77 Cardón. 54 n Caribbean. 157 Carate. 133 Caranca: Caranca (Bahía Chanco).doc. Ecuador. 73 Carabahall. Panama. Panama. Ecuador. 242 . 246 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 13 . 247 Carlisle. 115 Carilmapo (Carelmapu). Punta. Caranca (Hacienda Barranca). Panama. Mexico. 119 Capt Morales Crene (Puerto El Triunfo). 28 Carnero: Puerto de Carnero (Bahía Carnero). Chile. Panama. Rio Capolito (Rio Capulita). 76 . Morro de Carbon (Cerro Morro). 150 Cape San Lucas. Cerro de. Panama. 144 n Cape San Lorenzo. 115 Careening. 20 -21 Carelmapu. Panama. Ecuador. 133 Carillo. Charles. 137 Caracas: Baya de Caracas (Jaramillo). 97 Cardos. Puerto de. 247 Carib. Mexico. Panama. Caracas. Isla del. Punta Caracoles.A Buccaneer's Atlas Cape San Francisco. Punta Carnero. 243 . See San Lucas Cape St Lucas. Colombia.chunk. 131 http://publishing. El Salvador. 147 . 130 . Chile. Panama. Nicaragua. 73 Capria (Rio Chepillo). 91 Capt Luis Delgado. Chile. Chile. 130 n Capulita. 136 n.cdlib. 155 Carquín. 91 Capt Oxnam (John Oxenham. 26 Carlos II. 78 . Mexico. See San Lucas Capolito: Capolito. 131 . Ysla de (Islote Zárate). Peru. buccaneer). Ecuador.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 131 Capt Alvarez (ranch). Yeguade del (Pedasí). king of Spain. El Salvador. Mexico. 194 n Caricoles. 150 Caracoles: Isla Caracoles. 187 Carracol (Isla Caracoles). Ecuador. Ecuador.

49 Cavo Blanco (Cabo Blanco). 202 . 109 Cavnas (Rio Las Guías). Sr Thomas Candish. Peru. Punta. 178 . 155 Casaya. Silla de Cavallo (Isla Ensenada). 203 Carrino (Rio Chuche). 181 Cassava.cdlib. Peru. Monte.doc. USA.id=0. Peru. Thomas Candish.A Buccaneer's Atlas Carretas. Panama. Isla. 52 n. Panama. Rio de. 193 Castro. 100 . Rio (Rio de Cacique). Panama. 97 . Costa Rica. 131 Cascajales. Peru. Peru. 123 Cavo al Oest. 74 n. City of.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 108 . 251 Caucato (Caleta Cuacato). 74 . 66 n Cartago. 250 Catalina: Catalina. 164 n. 131 Casma: Casma. Thomas Cavendish. Peru. See Corrientes Cavo de Andreus. 182 . Puerto de Casma. 145 Cartagena. 164 . Panama. Peru. Peru. 48 . 110 n Castilians. 203 . Ecuador. 199 Cavallero (Quebrada La Guiena). 82 Castillo Real Felipe. 50 n http://publishing. Rio de (Rio Grande). 131 Cavallo: Cavallo. Panama. Ecuador. Peru. Chile. 119 Casique. Sta Catalina. Passo de Cavallo (Estero Paso Caballos). Morro de Cavallo (Morro Nazca).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Colombia. Costa Rica.chunk. 155 Cavo Coriantes. 88 Cavendish. Nicaragua. 107 Casajal. Panama. Port of Casma. See Corrientes Cavo Corientes. Chile. Costa Rica. 125 Cavallos. Pta Catalina. El Salvador. 100 . 131 Carrizal. Panama.

Argentina. See Manzanillo Cenicas. 49 . Panama. Mexico. Chile. 255 Cavo de San Andreus. 255 Cavo Sn Lucas. Cenicas Island. 51 Cavo del Esperitu Sto (Cabo Espíritu Santo). Panama. 255 Cavo Virgines. Panama. 249 Cayle. 255 Cavo San Ynes. 135 Cavo de Fortunas. 129 . Argentina.doc. 57 . Colombia. Mexico. Mexico. 131 Cébaco. 237 Caylaque. 57 Cavo St.cdlib. Mexico. 145 Cavo de San Lucas. Pta de. Islas de Cenos (Isla San Roque and Isla Asunción). 147 Cavo San Bartholomeo (Cabo San Bartolomé). 58 . Ya de Cenicas. 49 Cavo de Mendocino. 49 . 255 Caxaoma. 139 . Colombia. Argentina. 249 Cayula. Mexico. Rio de Cedros (Rio Míay). Vincente (Cabo San Vicente). 255 Cavo de San Francisco (Cabo de San Francisco). 58 Cavo St Augustíno (Punta Eugenia). See San Lucas Cavo de Sant Andreus.id=0. Argentina. Ecuador. See Cedros http://publishing. USA. 97 Celagua. Chile.A Buccaneer's Atlas Cavo de Corientes (Cabo Corrientes). Isla Cedros. Argentina. 255 Cavo Mendocino. 49 Cavo de San Estovan (Cabo Setabense). Chile. Argentina. Mexico. USA. See Mendocino Cavo Passao (Cabo Pasao). Mexico. Ecuador. Cedros (Isla Cedro).chunk. Isla. 57 Cegtanon (Isla del Cardón). 255 Cavo Desiada (Cabo Deseado). Argentina. Chile. See Mendocino Cavo de Peñas (Cabo Peñas). Nicaragua. 58 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 57 . Rio (Rio Coyula). 117 Cedros: Cedros Mexico. 73 Cazalla (Isla Casaya).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Chile. See San Lucas Cavo St Augustine. 255 Cavo Victoria (Cabo Victor a).

Cerillo de Taclamana (Cerro del Coacoyal). 245 Central America. 187 Cerro de San Essovall. 173 Cerro Cerrezuela. 49 . 52 n Cerras de Canagua (Cerro Grande). 257 Cerro Facio. 103 Cerro de Los Inocentes. Costa Rica. Panama. Sebastián Rodríguez.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Panama. 185 Cerro del Sapo (Cerro Campana). 137 Cerro de Vernal (Cerro San Bernardo). Panama. 43 . 61 Cerro del Coacoyal. 69 Cerro del Injenio. Panama. Cerro de Cepancas (Cerro Santa Elena). 194 n Cepancas: Cepancas. 123 . Puerto dc. Panama 113 Cerro Azul. Ecuador. 121 Cerro Ave María. 121 Cerras de Chanduy (Cerro Chanduy).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Peru. Panama. 125 Cerro de Carabahall Colombia. Cerro. 69 Cermeño. 79 Cerro de Xalisco (Monte San Juan). 257 Cerro de Montecristi. 123 . Panama. 72 n. 103 ― 295 ― Cerillo: Cerillo. Mexico. Mexico. 197 Cerro Campana: Cerro Campana. 137 Cerro de Cepancas (Cerro Santa Elena). 113 Cerro de Cabra (Cerro Cabra). 151 Cerro de Salinas (Cerro Sanú). Peru. 80 n. 121 Cerro de Baru (Cerro Ave María). Peru. Ecuador. Peru. See Cedros Centenca.cdlib. Mexico. Costa Rica. Peru.chunk. 102 . Islas de.id=0. Mexico. Cerro Campaña. 98 . Portuguese navigator. Juan Fernandez. Panama. 185 Cerro del Jaques de la Zorra (Cerro Las Tetas). 125 Cerro El Yunque. 171 Cerrezuela. 125 . 171 http://publishing. Peru. 155 Cerras San Pedro. Panama.doc. Panama. Mexico.A Buccaneer's Atlas Cenos. Peru. Juan Fernandez. 73 . Chile. 121 Cerro de Torra. 129 Cerro dell Ancon. Colombia. Costa Rica.

175 . 193 Cerro Santa Elena. Rio. Peru. 79 Cerro San Cristóbal. Puerto de Chala. 249 Chacala. 123 Chametla: Bahía de Chametla. 203 Cerro Las Tetas. 52 n Chagui. Panama. 189 Cerro Mongon. Panama. Isla.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Panama. 207 Chamá. 61 . Panama. 103 Cerro Sanú. Mexico. 163 Cerros Silla de Paita. Peru. 177 Cerro San Bernardo. 135 Cerro Morro. 77 Cerro Peninsula. 127 Cerro Tanapache. Peru. Panama.A Buccaneer's Atlas Cerro Grande de Apaneca. Panama.cdlib.chunk. Colombia. Rio de Chame (Rio Chamé). Punta Chala. 87 Cerro Grande. 213 Cerro Tetas de Coyuca. Mexico. http://publishing.doc. Mexico.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 163 . Peru. Peru. El Salvador. 205 Cerro Illescas. Guatemala-El Salvador. Peru. 91 Cerros Los Amotapes: Cerros Los Amotapes. 123 -25. 61 . Mexico. Peru. Bahía de Pérula. 155 Cerros de Mondeo. Peru. Peru. 67 Cerro Zambapala. 121 Cerro Huricangane. 207 . Peru. 187 . Peru. 125 Chame: Pta de Chame (Punta Chamé). Ecuador. Peru. Costa Rica. 113 Cerro La Mesa de Doña María Francesca. 159 Cerro Macatón. Peru.id=0. 185 Cerro Los Amotapes. Chile. 167 Cerro La Garita. 139 Chala: Morro Chala. Peru. 207 . 179 Cerro Prieto de Guañape. 167 Chaca. Mexico. 183 Cerro Montecristi. Peru. 187 Cerro Sapo. Cerros Los Amotapes. Ecuador. 205 . 155 . Peru. Colombia. Mexico. 85 . Peru.

192 Charles's Isle. Chepillo I. 177 . 267 . Isla Santa María). Peru. 225 Chancay: Chancay. Chile. Bahía. Peru. Island of Chao. 127 Chappel James. 265 . Panama. 252 n. 189 Chanco. 20 . Cerras de Chanduy (Cerro Chanduy). 271 . Panama. Rio Chancay. 176 . 127 . 61 Chamettlan. Morro de Chao. 259 Chaylin. buccaneer. Island. 1 . Rio Chepillo.A Buccaneer's Atlas Chamettlan. Island. 262 . king of Spain.cdlib. 29 Charles I. 155 Chanell of Sta Barbara. 27 -28. Chile. king of England. 259 Chaulinec. 270 Charles Island (Isla Santa María). Isla. Peru. 188 . See Chametla Chañaral de las Ánimas. king of England. 269 . 131 Chepo: Chepo. 28 Charles II. Isla Chepillo. 258 n. Panama. 177 . See Santa Barbara Chao: Chao. Peru. Chile. Galapagos. 239 Chanduy: Chanduy. Ecuador. 259 . 259 Chatham Island (Isla San Cristóbal). Mexico. 60 . Panama. Yas de Chamettla. 248 Chaves. Galapagos. 259 Charles V. Galapagos. 177 Chapaceros (Isla San Pedro). 269 . http://publishing. 116 n Chepello: Chepello.chunk. Panama. Chile. 131 Chapera (Isla Chapera). Rio (Rio Chepo). Peru.id=0. 9 . Panama. 156 . See Santa Barbara Channel Islands. 249 Chelonia mydas . 249 Chaulmeque. 23 . K. Chile. Peru.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Galapagos. dedications to. Panama. 267 ..org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Peru. Puerto. 31 . Panama. Ecuador. Mexico. Puerto de Chao. 177 . 128 . 131 Chapo. 127 -28. 261 .doc. 128 . Islas Chao.

248 Chiloe: Chiloe. 157 Chillón. Chile.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Rio de Chilca. Ecuador. 157 . 195 . Peru. Panama.cdlib. 195 . 196 . Chile. Chile. Pta (Punta Cherrepe). Peru. 195 . Chile. Rio. Pta (Punta Islay). Chile. 195 . 249 Chica. Panama. 125 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Rio Chepo. 211 Chilca: Chilca. 249 . Chile. Chiluy Island. 217 Chile. Rio Cheriqui (Rio Chiriquí). Rio. 248 . Rio (Rio Abajo). 227 . Boca. 116 . 173 Chicken. Pta de Chilca (Punta de Chilca). 249 http://publishing. 41 . 195 Chile. 172 .chunk. Puerto de Chilca. 189 Chiloa. 155 .doc. Peru. La (Rio Chorrera). 123 Cherrippe. Isla Chiloe. 113 . Peru. 171 Cherrera. Puiblo de Cheriqui (Chiriquí). Panama. Isla de Chiluy (Isla Chiloé). 67 . Peru. 168 .id=0. 172 Cheripee. Peru. Peru. 249 Chi duape. 113 Cherrepe. Pico Alta de Chilca. Chile. lsla Chilca.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Peru. Rio (Rio Chico). Peru. Point of Chilca. 112 . USA. Punta. Chiluy. 126 n. 171 Chesapeake Bay. Peru. Panama. Peru. 123 . Chile. Panama. 121 Chico. 129 Chilay. Peru. 122 n Chico de Nata. 127 Cherepe. Rio de Chilintomo (Rio Jujan). Peru. Panama. Panama. Peru. Ecuador. 266 . 195 . 129 Chicama: Chicama. 235 Chilintomo: Puiblo de Chilintomo (Baquerizo Moreno). 196 . 228 . 74 n. Chile. 262 Cheulineque (Island Chaulinec). Peru. Panama. Rio Chicama. 170 Cheriqui: Cheriqui.

249 Chone. Punta Chinos (Punta Samanco). 112 . Chile. Chile. 209 Chineral. Panama. Panama. 225 Chinina. Chile. 113 Chiru: Farrallón del Chiru. Peru. 127 Chino (Isla Chitre).id=0. 157 Chimbote. Rio de. 196 . Rio. See Chiloe Chiman. Chile. Panama. El Chirenal. 181 . Mexico. Rio de Chiriqui Vejo (Rio Chiriquí Viejo). Panama. 198 . Costa Rica. 127 Chimaro (Rio Sama Cruz de Chinina). Peru. 201 . 29 . Peru. Rio Chincha. Panama. 75 Chira: Chira (Isla Chira). Peru. 92 . Peru. 66 . Isla de Chincha (Grupo de Chincha). Panama. Port of Chincha. Peru. 163 Chirenal: Chirenal. 131 Chinos: Puerto de Los Chinos (Caleta Los Chinos). Rio. 113 .cdlib. Rio Chira. Panama.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Rio Chiriquí. 249 . Panama. Honduras.A Buccaneer's Atlas Chiluy. 123 .doc. 251 Chope. El (Puerto Chañaral de las Ánimas). Chile. 249 http://publishing. Costa Rica. Chile. 113 . Punta. 226 . Peru. Isla. 104 . 181 Chipeque. Peru. 131 Chloephaga picta picta. 107 . Ecuador. 70 Chincha: Chincha. 198 Chinchona officinalis. 123 Chitre. 111 . Ecuador. 93 Choncas. Panama. 147 Chonos: Chonos. Panama.chunk. 106 . Rio de Chincha. 225 Chiriqui: Chiriqui. Hente Chonos. Chira Island. Peru. 252 n Choluteca (Chuluteca). Rio de Chiru (Rio Hato). 199 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Chile. 127 Chimbo. 54 . Rio Sama Cruz de. 179 China.

86 . 250 City of Guatemala. Rio Chuche. Punta. Panama.doc. Ecuador. Chile. 210 ― 296 ― Chuluteca (Choluteca). 195 Chuquisaca. 117 Cinque Ports .id=0. 152 Christ's Hospital school. 129 Chuelo. Chile. Guatemala. 197 City of Castro. 158 Clarion. 241 Civdad de Los Reyes (Lima). Mexico. Port of Chule. England. 131 . 67 . Peru. 210 . Peru. El Salvador. Bolivia. Peru. 127 Civdad de la Conceptn (Concepcion). 13 Cibaco (Isla Cébaco). Chile. Peru. Ecuador. 171 Civdad del Rey. 131 Chucunaque. Panama. privateer. Monte. 82 City of Guayaquil. 93 Chuncho. See Mexico City of Piura. Isla Santa Clara.A Buccaneer's Atlas Chorillos. 18 n Ciriaco. Isla. Puerto (Salaverry). 175 Chule: Chule (Mollendo). Sta Clara. Isla. Peru. Peru. Rio. 156 City of Kings (Lima).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Peru. 211 . 213 Chorrera. 92 . London. 156 . 193 Civdad de Saña (Zaña). Ecuador. 155 . 190 City of Mexico. 29 Chrysanthemum balsamita . 123 Christie. 267 -68. Manson & Wood. auctioneers. Panama. 255 Clara: Isla de Santa Clara.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Ecuador. Peru. 257 . Peru. 193 City of Trinidad (Sonsonate). Panama. 87 Ciudad de Panama (Panama).cdlib. Chile.chunk. Rio. Peru. Peru. 162 City of the Kings (Lima). Panama. Honduras. 116 n Chuche: Chuche. 270 -71 Christo. 49 http://publishing.

River of Colan. Mexico. Ecuador. 25 Coiba: Coiba I. 270 -71 Clevland. 15 http://publishing. Ecuador. 18 Coma de Lebali. Peru. John. Peru. Ecuador. 115 Cojimies. 185 Coconut. 258 n 259 Colotepec. Mexico. 61 Colina Redonda. 115 Cocao. Peru. 145 Coastal redwood. 19 . Bahía. 145 . 153 . 148 . Rio. 60 n. 154 Cole. Rio. 71 Columbus. Panama. Chile. Pta de (Punta de Cocos). 133 . Panama. Chile. Rio Claro. Panama. 49 . 92 Coches. Colombia. Chile. 164 Colanche: Colanche (Islote Pelado). 164 . 145 Colan: Colan.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Archipiélago de (Galapagos Islands). Pta de.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 137 . Chile. 183 Coliumo. 120 -22. Panama. Nicaragua. Rio del. Island of Colanche. Isla de Coiba. Serra de Coaque (Montanas de Cuaque). 131 Cocos. Peru. 131 Cocos nucifera . 239 Colomaba de Benchimibeda. Peru. 138 n Colón. Ecuador.doc. 249 Colima. 131 Codrington. 114 -16. 163 . 213 Coles.A Buccaneer's Atlas Claro: Puerto Claro (Bahía Cupia). 13 . 50 n Cobre. 50 . 62 . 11 . Ecuador. secretary of the Admiralty. governor of Antigua.chunk. 270 -71 Coaque: Coaque (Carrizal).cdlib. Rio Colan (Rio Chira). USA. 99 Comet of 1680. Peru. 163 . 117 Coma de Tosta (Loma Santa Lucía).id=0. Ann Arbor. Ecuador. Peru. 88 . 249 Colombia. 50 n. Volcan de. Panama. 213 Coleta.. 60 . 245 Clements Library. Pta. Christopher. 60 n Coconut palm.

Port of La Consession.id=0. 241 Concession. Bahía Copiapo. and Donna Joanna. John. Chile. buccaneer. Bahía.N. El Salvador. Panama. 18 Cope. Coquimbo. Chile. Don Juan. Rio Concon (Rio Aconcagua). El Salvador. 157 Contadora (Isla Contadora).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.cdlib. 21 -22 Constantino: Constantino. Pta de la. See Santa Barbara Conway. buccaneer. 11 . Chile. Ecuador. 19 . El Salvador. 228 . Chile. 152 n. Rio Copiapo. 238 . 30 n Cook. 18 . 9 . R. 93 Conchalí. Chile. 234 Conchagua. 27 Cook. Chile.. See Point Conception Consession: Consession (Concepción). Cividad de la (Concepcion). 227 Coquimbo: Baya de Coquimbo. 240 n Conceptn. James. Chile. Isla. 229 . 241 Concepción. 19 Cook. 245 Contador. Ysla de Constantino Perez (Isla Mancera). Compass roses. El. 244 . 38 . azimuth. Panama. 228 -30 http://publishing. 240 Constanta. 92 Concon: Pta Concon (Punta Concon). William. 72 n Consessession. 157 Congo. 158 . 67 . 25 Cook. Chile.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 153 Copiapo: Copiapo.A Buccaneer's Atlas Compass. 44 Concava (Isla Conchagua). 224 . Ecuador. 93 Concepción. Spanish prisoners. 240 n. Yaguache el (Yaguache Nuevo). Ecuador. Baya de (Bahía Coquimbo). El. Spanish vessel. Chile. Chile.chunk. 230 . See Point Conception Concepción . La. Chile. 235 . Chile. 93 Cone. captain. 15 -16. 226 . 233 Conchava. 129 Conocarpus erecta . 38 . 238 . El Salvador. 235 Condadilio (Estero El Tamarindo).doc. 31 . buccaneer. Edmund. 4 . 131 Conversion. Rio. 227 . Chile. Chile. earl of.

Peru. 111 Corenzo. Cape Corientes. 135 . Co. Punta. Colombia. Los Coronados. South America. 137 Cordillera Occidental de Los Andes (Cordillera Negra). 108 n. Chile. Chile. Peru. 244 Corcovado. 251 Corral. 136 Corrobado (Islote Corcovado). Peru. 210 . 211 . 185 . 227 . South America. Peru. Chile. 129 Corientes. Colombia. Melchor Fernández de. 132 . 134 . Peru. 55 . Panama. 132 . 93 . 60 . Corrientes.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 66 n Coseguina: Punta Coseguina. Panama. Costa Rica. 69 Cordillera de La Costa. 129 Corrientes: Cabo Corrientes. Peru. USA. 97 Cornejo: Isla de Cornejo (Roca Foca). Peru. Cape Corienres (Cabo or Cavo).doc. Coronado Islands. 61 . 249 Coronado: Bahía de Coronado. Costa Rica. 217 . Mexico. 62 . 243 Córdoba. Island Cornejo.cdlib. Chile. 223 . 177 Corso. Nicaragua. Mexico.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Quebrada Cornejo.chunk. Chile. 61 . See Corrientes Corinto. Colombia. Puerto de. Chile. Chile. Chile.A Buccaneer's Atlas Coral. 215 Cordillera Occidental. 245 Corall. Puerto de. Mexico. Nicaragua. Mexico. 245 Corredó. Pta.id=0. 211 . 253 Cortés. 197 Cordilleras de Nahuelbuta. Islote. 136 n. Peru. Chile. 109 . 177 Cordillera Darwin. 255 Cordillera de El Fuerte. Coronados (Sierra Volcánica Transversal). Cavo Coriantes. Punta Cornejo. 134 . Hernán. 49 . Spanish explorer. http://publishing. 211 Corona. Chile. See Melchor Corene. 253 Cordillera Negra. 227 Cordillera de Los Andes. 185 Cordillera Nevada. Quebrada.

Nicaragua. Pta de (Punta Coseguina). Ecuador. 4 . 262 . Galapagos. 93 Costa Baja. El Salvador. 114 .chunk. Peru. Ecuador. 257 Cruz. 261 . 152 n. Rio. Mexico. 187 . his journal. 12 Coyba (Isla de Coiba). is tried for piracy. Panama. John. 131 Cruz de Pizarro. Panama. 268 Crosmans I. 33 . 116 n Cosuvina. 159 Cuaca. 37 . Mexico. 1 . 266 -68. publisher. Ecuidor. Panama. 226 n Crene.cdlib. R. William Ambrose. John. Nicaragua. 12 Cristóbal: Cerro San Cristobal. 43 . John. 9 . 116 Coyula. buccaneer. Valley de la. 117 Costa Rica.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 248 Crusoe. Caleta La. 76 Coxemies. Chile. 82 n Cresswell. Peru. Capt Morales (Puerto El Triunfo). captain.id=0. 21 . 111 Costmary. 24 n. 115 . 245 Crus. 259 Cox. 259 Crooke.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Peru. Rio. Isla Robinson (Isla Más a Tierra)..N. 3 . 131 . 27 -28. Canal Ventura. buccaneer. Mexico. 148 Coxon. 73 Crabs. captain. 267 -69 Coxaca. 38 . 193 . El Salvador. 243 Costa de Bálsamo. Montanas de. 68 Cuacato. Chile. 259 Crossman. (Isletas Crossman or Los Hermanos). 89 Costa fondable. 12 . 258 n. 94 Cowley.doc. 95 Cosivina. Chile. 27 . 258 n Cross-staff. 199 Cuaque. 283 -85. 20 . 145 http://publishing. buccaneer and journalist.A Buccaneer's Atlas Volcán Coseguina. Nicaragua. 91 Creole. 37 Cruces. Caleta. William. Isla San Cristóbat. 10 . 16 . 261 . Galapagos. Chile.

Chile.chunk. Devon. tribute to Ringrose. 204 Cusco (Cuzco). 157 . 3 . England. translator. 7 . Peru. Ecuador. 9 . Ecuador. 27 . 258 n. 30 . 129 . 18 n. buccaneer and journalist: on the voyage. Colombia. See William III's private secretary Dampier. lord. Panama. 12 . 131 Cullo. Panama. 258 n. 259 .id=0. Peru. 153 Culpepper. Diego. 249 Cuidad de Manta. Thomas. his writings. 194 Cuzco. 259 Culpeppers Isle. 205 Curicanguana. 259 Daulc: Puiblo Daule (Pascuales). naturalist. Piña de (Punta Sabanas). Tetas de Cacao. 155 D'Allene. 129 Da. 268 . 86 n Cubita. Charles. Rio (Rio de La Villa).cdlib. 8 . Chile. Ecuador. 32 . subsequent career. 121 Cygnet . Panama. Galapagos.A Buccaneer's Atlas Cuba. 10 . 265 ― 297 ― D D. 164 n. Serrania del Darien. 30 . 255 Dassigny. 258 n. Philip. Panama. 249 . 258 n Darwin: Cordillera Darwin. 261 . 255 . 266 Dassigny's I. Mount Darwin. Costa Rica. Pta de (di) (Punta de Callo). 19 -20. Galapagos. 103 Culicidae. 30 Darwin. 121 Cucao: Puerto de Cucao (Bahía Cucao). 2 . Peru. 3 . Bahía. privateer. Panama.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Chile. 129 Dartmouth. 27 . Puerto de. 194 Cydonia oblonga . Ld (Islote Culpepper). Peru. (Isla San Cristóbal). Abel Tassin. 259 Cupia. 129 . 30 Darien: Isthmus of Darien. Golfo. Puerto Darien. 30 n. 22 . Ecuador 149 Culebra. http://publishing. 1 .doc.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 133 Curacanguana (Cerro Huricangane). William. Chile.

Ysla de (Isla Diego Ramírez). El Salvador. Peru. 259 Deans Isle.id=0. 269 . Chile. 243 Derioteros . 271 De Tunbes. captured by Sharp. 116 n. solar. 265 . Galapagos. 268 . 37 -38 Deer. 262 -63. 271 Deseado. 283 -85. 131 Delgado. Nicolás. Rio Juan Diaz. Chile. 255 Diaz: Juan Diaz (Rio Juan Diaz). 232 Declination table. Jouban. 214 Dick (Williams). Panama.doc. 114 . 263 . William. is tried for piracy. 43 . 3 . 27 . 32 . 127 Davis. Sir Anthony. Panama. 30 n Davis quadrant (backstaff). 155 Dead reckoning. Spanish. buccaneer anti journalist. Spanish explorer. defined. Chile. 7 . 7 . 155 . 22 . Spanish vessel. 91 Diego Ramirez. Chile. Yeguade del Capt Luis (Pedasí). captured by Morgan. 16 . 255 Desert. 27 -28. author: his Robinson Crusoe . 20 . 36 De Cardona. 125 Defoe.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Atacama. Panama. Ecuador. 12 . 268 Diego Gallego . 29 . Sir Anthony (Isla Rabida). 256 n. 215 Desiada.cdlib. Ecuador. 64 n. Lo Alto (Cerros Los Amotapes). 255 Dlevelez. 243 . cartographer.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 18 n. 35 Deane. 265 . 265 De la Guilbaudiére. Puerto de (Eloy Alfaro). others. 259 Decapoda. Isla Del Rey. 26 . 257 n Del Rey: Del Rey. 266 . Chile. Chile. his journal. Cavo (Cabo Deseado).chunk. 112 n. Archipiélago Madro de. buccaneer. Chile. translated. Spanish captain. 119 Dehcada: La Delicada (Isla Santa Maria). 27 . Edmund. 262 n. 157 Dávila. Cabo. 271 . Ecuador. Ecuador. 261 . shipbuilder. 264 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Rio Daule. Daniel. 251 Diego Garsia (ranch). 155 Dios. 266 . 253 http://publishing. Punta Delicada. Pedro Arias. 127 .

Chile. Drake Passage. 129 Dos Hermanos. 74 n. 120 Don Martin. 218 . 272 Duartes. Galapagos.cdlib. 64 n. Ffarrellon de (Islotc San Pedro). 256 n. 27 http://publishing. Peru. privateer. 255 . 198 Don Juan. Messa de (Cerro La Mesa de Doña María Francisca). Costa Rica.doc. careening at. 245 E East Indias. Panama. Drake's Isle. 50 n Drake. 13 . Panama. 245 Don Luis Delgado. 129 Douglas fir. Chile. 56 n. Rio de la. 23 . 186 Don Melchor. 86 n Dutch Retirete. Island of. 219 . 152 . Ecuador (see Plata) Driscoll. 259 Dupi. Golfo. Estero de. Panama. 117 Duchess . dealer. 194 . 25 . Sto. USA. 252 . Peru. 62 East Indies. Drakes Bay. Sir Francis. Emily. Peru. Peru. 52 n. 104 . 203 . USA. 256 n. Rio del (Rio Dupí). Panama. 253 Duke . 203 Domingo. Peru. See James II Duke of York's Island. 51 . 189 Dna Maria. El Salvador. Chile. 152 n. Punta. 18 n Dulce. 271 . 203 Dos Bocas. buccaneer and explorer. 52 n. 110 -11. Costa Rica. England. Panama. 74 .id=0.chunk. 10 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Peru. 108 . 107 Dna Franca. Middlesex. 49 Dispenca del Rey. 66 East Smithfield. 24 . 16 . 18 n Duke of York.A Buccaneer's Atlas Disgratiada. 50 . 14 . 258 n. Drakes Estero. 37 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 182 . Punta Doña María. 51 . See Melchor Don Pedro de Ginea. 20 -21 Duncan Island (Isla Pinzón). 48 . 130 n. 113 Dutch. privateer. 93 Doña: Cerro La Mesa de Doña María Francisca. 130 .

El Salvador. 197 El Junial (Caleta Pajonal). Panama. 227 El Triunfo. Chile. 30 n. 70 El Chineral (Puerto Chañaral de las Ánimas). M. Juan Fernandez. 270 . Ecuador.chunk. 97 El Sal. 229 http://publishing. Chile.. El Portete (Rio Portete). buccaneer. 99 El Toro (Filos del Tigre). St (Isla Santelmo). 91 El Vermejo. Panama. W. 235 Elifante (Isla Elefante). 234 El Realejo. Mexico. 257 Elena: Bahía Elena. Cerro.cdlib. Quebrada. Ecuador. 38 . 121 El Mauso. 131 Elkins. 93 El Tamarindo: Estero El Tamarindo. El Salvador. Chile. 225 El Manbrillan (Rio Membrillar). Rio El Tamarindo. Panama. 259 Eclipse. Ecuador. Rio. Ecuador. 101 . 153 El Fraile. Ecuador. 269 . 76 El Portete: El Portete. 272 Elmo. 146 . Nicaragua. Mexico. Punta Santa Elena. Chile. 131 Eloy Alfaro.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Nicaragua. John. 157 El Yunque. 148 n. 157 . Chile. Ecuador. See Monterey El Puerto del Governadour. 117 El Totoral. Ecuador. 259 El Almedrall. Ecuador. Costa Rica. 157 El Naranjal (Canal de Naranjal). solar. 155 El Obispo. book collector. 155 Elquí.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 258 n.A Buccaneer's Atlas Eaton. Ecuador.doc. 155 Elias. Peru.id=0. Puerto. Chile. 93 . Ecuador. 157 El Cope. 145 El Puerto de Monte Rey. El Salvador. 151 . 235 El Cerillo. Panama. 286 Ecuador. Chile. 225 El Contador. 153 El Salvador.

Chile. Colombia. 26 Españiol. 61 Enseñada Playa Grande.chunk. 259 Esperitu Sto. Mexico. Peru. Peru. 137 Esmit. 71 Escovio. Argentina. 121 Estados. Adolf. 245 Enseñada de Sechura. Ecuador. Chile. 161 Enseñada de San Juan. Islas (Galapagos Islands). 271 Essovall. Ecuador.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . El Salvador. Nicolas. Isla. 255 Esperitu Sto. Spanish cartographer.cdlib. 189 Enseñada Tumaco. Rio de la (Rio Estancia). 259 Equinoctiall. 171 Esclavos. Mexico. Cerro de San. Mexico. Chile. Panama. 258 n Encomienda. Panama. Isla de Los (Staten Island). 123 http://publishing. Panama.doc. Puerto del. 91 Ermito tambo. Mexico. 139 Equator. 121 Esmeraldes. buccaneer. Galapagos. 72 . Nicolás de. 146 n English Gulf.A Buccaneer's Atlas Encantadas. Colombia. 148 Erequaiquin. 91 Espinoza. Guatemala. See Puerto Morales English. Argentina.id=0. 147 Enseñada de Malaca. 255 Estancia. Cavo del (Cabo Espíritu Santo). Panama. Rio Monticalco de los (Rio Esclavos). 131 Enseñada. 78 Engles. 259 Equinoctial.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Rio de. 85 Escondido: Escondido. 125 Enseñada de Bocia Borachos (Punta Borrachos). 246 English Channel. 26 Esmit. governor of St Thomas. Isla del (Isla El Espíritu Santo). 155 Española. 104 Ensalletta (Isla Bolaños). 165 Enseñada de Sta Anna. Peru. El Salvador. 245 Enseñada Matenchén. Puerto Escondido (Bahía Escondido). 143 Esmiralldos. Ecuador. Pta (Punta Buenos Aires). Chile. Rio (Rio Santa Maria). Panama. Isla. Ecuador. Peru.

97 Estero de los Piles. 255 Estrecho de San Vincente (Estrecho de Le Maire). 97 Estervan. Chile. 251 Estero Sta Clara. 53 Estero Salado (Estero Salado). Estovall Perez. 169 Eugenia. USA.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Panama. 32 . Nicaragua. 145 Estero de Aserradores. 93 . 268 Exton. 28 . 108 . advocate general. 85 Estata. El Salvador. 251 Estero (Estero Salado). Nicaragua.cdlib. John: his Bucaniers of America . 97 Estero El Tamarindo.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Nicaragua. 155 Estero (Rio Curay). Galapagos. Chile. 137 Estero de Suciagua. 253 Exquemelin. Chile. Chile. 259 Evangelistos. 76 Esteban. 41 . Nicaragua. Mexico. Mr (Isle Genovesa).chunk. 262 . Guatemala. USA. 251 Estovall: Astillero de Estovall Martin (La Palma). Colombia. Rio de la (Rio Viejo). Panama. Sir Thomas. Chile. Ecuador. 57 Eures Isle. Nicaragua. 75 . 93 Estero Padre Ramos. 28 n. 129 . Colombia. Guatemala. 97 Estero Salada (Salinas River). 284 F http://publishing. 245 Estero de Los Asseradores (Estero de Aserradores). 255 Estrecho de Magellan (Estrecho de Magallanes). Ecuador.A Buccaneer's Atlas Estapa: Estapa. vi -viii. 97 Estero de Chanduy (Chanduy). Peru. 121 Estero San Esteban. Costa Rica. Rio St (Estero San Esteban). Nicaragua. 139 Estero Bay. Ecuador. 131 Estrecho de Le Maire. Argentina. 109 Etten. Barra de Estapa (Puerto de Istapa). Punta. 95 ― 298 ― Estero Paso Caballos. 30 . Panama. Estero San.doc. 255 Estrella. Mexico. Chile. 2 . 155 Estero de Don Juan. 53 Estero Cojimies. Morro (Morro de Eten).id=0. Los (Grupo Evangelistas). 84 . Argentina.

Isle de (Canary Island). Cerro. Rio de Ffequantepeque (Rio Tehuantepec). 123 . Peru.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 237 . 123 Farralles de Ollas (Roca Quiebra Olas). Peru. Farellon de Guayca. Mexico. 209 . John.doc. USA. Juan. 117 . 171 Falkland Island (Pepys Island). Panama. 52 . USA. Panama. 255 . Bartolomé (Ferrer). Galapagos.cdlib. Peru. Puerto de St Jago (Punta Farallón). 241 Farrallón. Mexico. Chile. 56 n Fernández Islands. 208 . Peru. Ffarrellones de Monte Gordo (Islote Veleros). 178 . Peru. Spanish navigator. Islotes Ferrol. 173 . buccaneer. See Hierro Ferello. USA. 16 Far East. See Faraellon Ffarellones. 78 . 129 . 52 n. http://publishing. Argentina.chunk. Ffarellones de Chiru (Farrallón del Chirú). Ffarrellon de Dna Franca (Islote San Pedro). 256 n Fernandina. 77 . 259 Ferrol: Ferrol. See Faraellon Ffarrellones. Ffarellones de los Pescadores. 52 n. See Faraellon Ffarrellon.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Ffarellon del Obispo. 51 . Chile. 256 n Fernández. 61 . Rio de Ffarellones (Rio Farallón). 266 Fall. 171 Fer. Bahía. Panama. 125 . Panama. 255 Fequantepeque. Isla. Chile. Panama. Islands of Saint James (Farallon Islands). Peru.id=0. See Faraellon Ffequantepeque: Ffequantepeque. Juan. Spanish explorer. Farellon de Patatas (Islotes Patiñito). Rio (Rio de Jequetepeque). Rio Farallón. 123 . Argentina. 179 Ffarellon. Panama. Ffarellon (Isla Flamenco). Mexico.A Buccaneer's Atlas Facio. See Farallon Fehpe. Peru. 189 . Los Triangulos (Farallon Islands). 66 n Farallon: Farallon Islands. Ffarellon de Malabrigo (Islas Macabí).

USA. Rio de Filipina. 91 Fonceca. fishing. El. Rio (Rio Fonseca). 197 Frailes. Ya (San Clemente Island). See Puerto Morales Fowles. Galapagos. 113 Fort of Linga (Fortaleza de Paramonga). Chile.A Buccaneer's Atlas Gulfe of Ffequintepeque. Cape. Mexico.cdlib. 185 Fortuna.chunk. El Salvador-Honduras-Nicaragua. Ffarrellon de Dna (Islote San Pedro). 56 Ffrailes. 122 Fraile. 122 Fitzroy. 70 Ffonsica. Peru. 119 Ffrales (Isla Negritos). Peru.id=0. Colombia. 258 n Flamenco: Flamenco. Bacas de (Islotes Ferrol). 113 Ffortuna. 189 http://publishing. Baya St (Bahía Felipe). Rio Fonseca. 78 Fferrol. 211 Fon Dionisio (San Dionisio). 117 Fish. 116 .N. Peru. 184 . 125 Floreana Island (Isla Santa María). Gulfe of Ffonceca. Peru.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Peru. 184 . 53 Fortunate Harbour. El Salvador. Peru. Panama. Colombia. 97 . 117 Fillipines. See Fonseca Fonseca: Golfo de Fonseca. 168 n. 117 . Panama. Peru. 92 . Costa Rica. Panama. Isla Flamenco. 124 n. El Salvador-Honduras-Nicaragua. 66 n Foca: Isla Foca. 136 Filipina: Pta Filipina (Punta Brava). 179 Ffillipe. 134 Ffrancisco. Robert. 185 Fortaleza de Paramonga. 255 . El Salvador-Honduras-Nicaragua. Panama.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 259 Flota. Roca Foca. Islas.. Los (Islas Frailes). 93 . Panama. 107 Ffran de Sn Po. 152 .doc. 66 Filos del Tigre. 137 Ffranciscans. Panama. 93 . Mexico. captain. Panama. R. 119 Franca. Argentina. Panama. Panama. 255 Fflilipines. Golfo de Amapal or Fonseca.

255 http://publishing. Argentina-Chile. Mexico.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Ecuador. Francisco. Ecuador. Argentina. 70 . Panama. 61 Francisco. 72 . 13 . 251 Gallo: Gallo. Pta Galera (Punta Lachay). Punta Gallegos. Chile. 69 . H. Chile. Panama. 194 n. Rio Galera (Rio Tonameca).S.chunk. 255 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. pilot. 258 -59. 43 . 22 Francisco. 67 . Rio Gallego (Rio Gallegos). Chile. Mexico. Gallo Island. Galera. Chile. Colombia. 139 . 156 Galeon. 262 . Mexico. Galera (Isla Galera). 69 . Ecuador.M. 245 Galepegos. 131 Fuego: Terra Fuego. 14 . 144 . Chile.cdlib. chronicler. Isle of Galera. Peru. Panama. 214 . See Acapulco Fundo. Panama. Chile. Peru. 254 . Peru. 245 -47..doc. Torno de (Rio Tornagaleones). Chile. Colombia. 255 Fuerte de San Diego de Acapulco. St Gallan (Isla San Gallán). 56 n Gallan: San Gallan. 188 . Puerto de Hernando Gallego.id=0. Peru. 266 . 73 Gali. Gallo (Isla del Gallo). Peru. 131 . Pta Galera. Pta Galera (Punta Galera). 132 . 131 Gamboa. Rio San. Cerro La Mesa Doña María. 201 Gallego: Peninsula Gallegos. Mexico. 187 -89. Los Galapagos. Ecuador. 253 . 71 . 258 n Galera: Galera. Galera Island. 251 . Pedro Sarmiento tie. Isla Gallo. Rio sin. 26 Francisca. 203 Franciscan. Spanish explorer. Seno Gallegos. Insulae de los. 198 n. Colombia. Tierra del Fuego. 72 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Francis . 140 . Argentina-Chile. 74 . 251 G Galápagos: Galápagos Islands. 251 . 138 -40.

131 . 246 . Punta. Bahía. Panama. Count Revilla. 57 . King (Indian prince). 127 . 255 Geographical aspects. 44 -45 George III. Pta (Punta Garachiné). viceroy of Mexico. privateer. Chile. 103 Golfo de Amapal or Fonceca. Spanish captain. Galapagos. 101 . 132 -33 Garcia. Argentina. 131 Gigedo. 113 Garsios. 59 Gastaldi. Isle. 5 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Ganbón. 223 Geronimo: Isla Geronimo. Ortez de. 131 Gasparino. 117 Godoy. J. Ecuador. 10 Golfo Culebra. Panama. USA. Pta de (Morro Amertajado). Morro de (Morro Jara). Costa Rica. 222 . 272 Georje.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 159 Golfo de Nicoya. 70 Gariche. Costa Rica. king of England. 256 Gobernador (Isla Gobernadora). El Salvador. 107 Golfo de Papagayo. 284 Garache. 11 . 103 http://publishing. 3 Golden-cap. cartographer. Rio (Rio Gariche). 123 Gaspar Ramos (Isla Bayoneta). Panama. 51 . 152 . Panama.cdlib. Panama. 49 Goats. 270 . Obraje de Geronomo del Dna Pena. Panama. 87 Gibraleon (Isla Gibraléon). Panama. 129 . Rio. Mexico. See Fonseca Golfo de Guayaquil. Giacomo. Panama. 125 . Rio de la (Rio Lagarto). Chile. 243 Golfo de Balleno. Mexico. 128 Golfo de Fonseca. 34 -35. glossary of Spanish terms. Panama. Panama. Chile. 230 . 259 Gente Grande. fishing place. Mexico.chunk. 49 Genovesa. 247 Golden Gate. 74 n Golden Island.id=0. 155 . Costa Rica. Don. 113 Garachina. See Fonseca Golfo de Arauco. 131 Gartas. 52 n Golden Hind . 151 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 263 .doc. Panama. Rio de la Gartos (Rio Lagarto). 125 Gartos: La Gartos (Rio San Juan). Panama.

58 n. Baya. 139 . Rio. author. Chile. 20 -21.doc. careening at. 12 . Mesa de Juan Gomez. 57 . 255 González. 255 http://publishing. Pta de (Punta Jaguey). 244 Gonsales. Chile. 71 Golfo de Tibuga. Volcan de (Volcán Góngora). Panama. 253 Golfo de Tehuantepec. Ecuador. Costa Rica.A Buccaneer's Atlas Golfo de Peñas. Puerto del (Bahía Conchalí). 135 Golfo del Papagayo. 185 Granada. Chile. 131 Gonzalo Baltran . 137 Gorgona Island (Isla Gorgona). Mexico. 101 Grande. Peru. 28 Gorda. Mexico. 255 Grande. ambassador. 131 Gorde. 13 Gorgonilla (Islote Gorgonilla). Panama. Costa Rica. Sir Henry. 100 . Ecuador. 145 Goodrick. Peru. 110 . Chile. 185 Gramandell. 234 Governour of Guayaquil. Mexico. Panama. Pedo (Pedro González). 131 Gonsalo: Morro Gonsalo. Morro. Spanish vessel. Mexico. 158 Gramandal. Colombia. Chile. Messa de Juan Gomez (Sierra de Santa Clara). 155 Gordo: Ffarrellones de Monte Gordo (Islote Veleros). Chile.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 233 Governadour. Argentina. 267 . 127 Gomez: Juan Gomez. 58 Góngora. Costa Rica.id=0. 108 .chunk. Chile. Pto Gordo. Volcán. Pta (Punta Gorda). 272 Governador. Perdo. El Puerto del. Bahía Gente. 140 Gosse. Colombia. Ysla de San Gonsalo (Cabo San Gonzalo).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Costa Rica. Pta. 100 n Golfo Dulce. 255 . 245 . 49 Granada. Panama. 111 Golfo San Miguel (Golfo do San Miguel). 136 -38.cdlib. Philip. 58 . Bahía. 245 Gorgon. 101 ― 299 ― Gonsale. 129 . Argentina. Colombia. Argentina.

Peru. 199 Guanaco. El Salvador. 253 Guaca. Ensenada Playa. Cerro. 272 Griffin.chunk. 121 Grande. prime minister. Rio Baleo. 194 Guambramayo. 174 Guanas: Guanas. 241 Griffo. Peru. Chile. 155 Grande. 68 n Grifo. Panama. Mexico. Punta.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 174 . Rio. Chile. 189 Grupo de Pescadores. 61 Green turtle. 191 Grupo Evangelistas. 251 Guafo (Isla Guafo). 68 . 270 . Peru. Panama. 93 . 265 . Peru. Rio de. 201 Grupo de Huaura. 212 Guanape: Island of Guanape. Rio Guanape (Rio Virú). 269 . Panama. 44 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Mexico. Isla de Guanas (Isla Iguana). Peru. 248 . 124 n Grande de Santiago.A Buccaneer's Atlas Grande. Ecuador. 67 . Mexico. Mexico. Peru. 46 . Mexico. 116 n Greenwich.id=0. Rio. Chile. 187 Guadalupe. 255 Grande. 249 . Islas. Isla de. Mexico. 125 Guacho (Huacho). 67 Griffo. 272 Grenville. 107 . National Maritime Museum.cdlib. Chile. Peru. 189 Grupo de Chincha. Mexico. xii . Puerto de (Bahía de Somanco). 75 Guamanga (Ayacucho). 189 . Peru. Chile. 177 . 41 . Boca (Bahía Gente Grande). 177 Guanapee. Peru. 175 . 121 Guanbacho. 251 Guaitecas. Peru. 67 Grita Lobos. Argentina. 52 . 249 . Peru. George.doc. Costa Rica. Peru. Morro de Guanape (Cerro Prieto de Guañape). 55 Guaffo (Isla Guafo). 189 Grande. 251 Guamalula. Panama. 267 . 179 http://publishing. 71 . Punta. Peru.

Farellon de. 155 . 182 . Golfo de Guayaquil. Port of Guanchaco. 21 . Bahía Herradura de. Morro de Guaura. Panama. 229 . Peru. 155 -56. 187 . 76 Guaura: Guaura (Huaura). 13 . 196 Guarmey: Guarmey. Towne of Guara.cdlib. 183 Guasacapa. See Huasco Guatemala: Guatemala. 186 Guarane (Rio Guararé). 182 . Peru. River. Guayaquill (Guayaquil). Peru. River of Guayaquil. 157 . 249 http://publishing. Ecuador. Mexico. Punta. 188 . 74 . Island of Guaura. 67 . Chile. 155 . Peru. 156 . Guatemala. 152 n. Panama. Guarmey (Pueblo de Huarmey). Guatemala. 231 . Chile. Peru. 184 Guantajaya. Puerto de (Puerto Guatulco). Guayaquil (Santiago de Guayaquil). Chile. 82 . Puerto de Guanchaco. Ecuador. Ecuador.doc.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 183 . Colombia.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 173 . Volcan of Guatemala. 14 . 74 n. 83 . Chile. 119 Guano. Peru. Ecuador. Peru. Peru. president of Guatemala. Port of Guarmey. 151 . 157 Guayas. Panama. Guyaquil.A Buccaneer's Atlas Guanchaco: Guanchaco (Huanchaco). 158 . 117 Guaylaque. 38 . Puerto de Guarmey (Bahía Huarmey). Peru. Peru. 172 . Peru. Ecuador. 87 . Rio. 85 Guasaqualpo. 157 Guayca. Peru. 78 Guasco. 173 Guánico. 219 Guapi (Rio Guapi). 121 Guarco. 92 .id=0. 139 Guara: Port of Guara. 232 Guayaquil: City of Guayaquil. Ecuador. 73 . 82 Guatulco. 23 . Peru. City of Guatemala. 187 Guayacán. Guatemala. Bolcan de Guatemala (Volcán Acatenango). 186 . Ecuador. Mexico.chunk.

Chile. Sir Richard. Sta (Punta Santa Elena). Panama. 104 Guyaquil. Costa Rica. 130 n. 156 . 32 . 123 Havana. biography. Pta.id=0. Rio Las. See also Fonseca Gulfe of Ffequintepeque. Admiral. Archibald. 268 -70 Haddock. Cape de.cdlib. 262 -63. 37 . 30 . listed. Mexico.N. Punta. Panama. his South Sea Waggoners. 272 Heguera.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 272 . Panama. 266 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Panama. Rioqueva.doc. 36 . Panama. Costa Rica. 66 n Heber. William. Ecuador. Panama. Quebrada La. Panama. 268 . 272 Harris. Costa Rica. Peter. 9 Hato. 284 Hamilton. 127 Guile of Amapall. book collector. R. 104 . http://publishing. 273 Harley. 28 n..chunk. See Guayaquil Gulf of Mexico. Richard. 123 Guiena. 43 . Rio. Ecuador. captain. 261 -62. vii -viii. 78 Gulfe of Ffonceca. buccaneer. 22 n. See Guayaquil Guyones. 118 Heguira. Arbol de. 269 . 154 Hellena: Hellena. 131 Guiones. 94 . 127 Gulf. 27 . 8 . English. cartographer. 31 . Robert. 4 . See Fonseca Gulfe of Nicoya. Cuba. 118 Helena. 31 . 256 n Gulf of Vallona (Ballona). 269 . viii . 252 n Gulf of Guayaquil. 270 . 115 Guías. 104 H Hacienda Barranca. See Mexico Gulf of Panama. Ecuador. 105 Guise. lord. Cabo de (Punta Guionos). 105 Guionos. 44 . El Salvador. 88 Guebala. earl of Oxford. Panama. Costa Rica. 157 Hack. 120 n Gulf of San Miguel.A Buccaneer's Atlas Guaymoco. 151 . xii . 67 . Panama.

Herradura (Puerto Herradura). Playa Honda. Herradura (Bahía Herradura de Guayacán). Isletas Los Hermanos. barrister. 197 . Costa Rica. Chile.chunk. 109 . Ecuador. 105 Hernando: Hernando. 25 Hente Chonos. 210 Hill. 239 . Chile. 131 . 72 . Costa Rica. 127 Honduras. 253 Herradura: Herradura (Bahía Coliumo). Peru. Barra de (Bajos Lempa). 72 . 157 . 232 . Rio Honda. Morro Hermoso (Monte Hermoso). 240 Hibaltique. Chile. 229 . See Ilo Hispaniola. Peru. 108 . 38 Hills of Motape. Mexico. Galapagos. Peru. Panama. Chile. 162 Hilo. Peru. Peru. 122 Holmes. 259 Hoorn.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . El Salvador. 91 Hierro (Isle de Fer). Canary Islands. Panama. Peru. Netherlands. 228 Hendricks. Morro Hermoso. 213 Herba maria. 86 n Hogs. 90 . buccaneer. Robert. Panama. 107 . 272 Hilliard. 116 n Herball: Pta Herball. 93 Hood Island (Isla Española). 284 Honda: Baya Honda (Bahía Honda). 28 n. 38 Higuira. 16 . Puerto de Hernando Gallego. 258 n. William. 129 . Galapagos. 115 . Port of.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Rio Herball. 251 Herba Buina (Caleta Yerba Buina). 231 . 116 . Panama.id=0. 269 . Mexico. Panama. John.doc. buccaneer. 117 . Peña.A Buccaneer's Atlas Sta Hellena. 193 http://publishing.cdlib. Peru. 197 Hermanos: Dos Hermanos. 104 . Pta (Punta Guánico). Richard. wood. Chile. Chile. 119 Hilay. La Herradura. Morro Hermoso. 256 n Horadada. Admiral. Panama. 259 Hermoso: Hermoso.

187 Huanchaco.doc.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 189 . Chile. 183 Huasco: attacked. 22 . 15 .. Peru. Islotes. Pta de (Punta La Vieja). Peru. Constantijn. 212 . Peru. Chile. 267 . Arthur A. 234 Ica.chunk. 225 Humos. See William III's Dutch private secretary I Iago. 249 Huacho. 191 Horn.cdlib. Hormigas de Afuera. 187 Humboldt Current. 152 n. Grupo de ― 300 ― Huaura (continued ) Huaura. duke of Norfolk 259 Huablin. 227 . Peru. 38 . 256 n Houghton. 271 . Peru. 27 Howard. captain. Chile. Rio Huarmey. Peru. 187 . 229 Illescas. Henry. 4 . Chile.. Chile. 230 . Peru. San Marino. 272 Huricangane. Isla. 238 . Chile. 121 . Peru.A Buccaneer's Atlas Hormigas. 203 Iguana. 30 n. 24 . Huasco (Guasco). Charles. 173 Huarmey: Pueblo de Huarmey. Rio Huasco. Hilo.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 183 . Peru. USA. 167 Ilo: attacked. Jr. Peru. Cape. 19 . 263 . 198 n Illas de Paxaros (Islotes Pájaros). 239 Huntington Library. R. 188 .N. Rio Huaura. Puerto de Guasco (Puerto Huasco). Cerro. 269 . http://publishing. Chile. Peru. 227 . 190 . Peru. 129 Iguana. Henry. Panama. chart collector. 189 . 205 Hutchinson. Hormigas. 19 . Cerro. Peru. 270 -72 Howard. 227 Huaura: Huaura. Chile.id=0. 155 n. 33 n Huygens. book collector. Rio. St (Santiago).

Ecuador. 89 Iscuande. See Alcatraz Isla Asunción. 18 . 213 . 240 . 242 . 131 Iquique. 61 Isalco. 152 n. 225 . 258 n. 70 n. 184 . Indians. Peru. Colombia. 38 . Chile. 72 . Peru. Rio. 128 .chunk. Pta Hilo (Pta Coles). Chile. 50 . 108 . 244 . 242 Incan Empire. Isla Santa. 252 n. 182 . 139 Isla. 218 -19 Isabela: Isla Isabela. El Salvador. 166 . Chile. 82 n. Indian fort.A Buccaneer's Atlas Ilo.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 257 Insulae de los Galepegos. 76 . 70 . 107 Isla Blanca: Bahía Isla Blanca. Chonos. 106 . 259 Indians. http://publishing. 248 .cdlib. La. 158 . 215 Isla Alcatraz. 196 . Mexico. 92 . 203 Injenio. 213 . 185 Inocentes. Panama. 137 Incas. Panama. Indians of Arauco. Juan Fernández. Mexico. 250 .doc.id=0. batatas. 131 Isla Bayoneta. Ilo Viejo. Paquissa. 110 . 131 Isla Bejuco. 258 n Ipomoea. Peru. 112 n Indios. Indians. Rio. 84 . Galapagos. Peru. Chile. 112 . 212 -14. Cerro de Los. 146 . 129 Inés. 102 . Panama. Cerro del. Isla Isabela. Galápagos. Chile. 168 . 255 Infiernillos. 243 Imperiall. Rio de (Puerto Darien). 213 Imperial. Rio Hilo (Rio Osmore). 57 Isla Bartolomé. Peru. 67 . Costa Rica. Chile. 144 . 259 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 66 . Volcán. Peru. 107 Isla Berrugate. 185 . 194 n Indefatigable Island (Isla Santa Cruz or Chaves). Islotes. Chile. 220 Indigofera (Indico). River of. Costa Rica. 52 . 212 . 247 Isla Alacrán.

Galapagos. 115 Isla de Cornejo (Roca Foca). 131 Isla Chuncho. Peru. 131 Isla de Alcatraces. 131 Isla Canal de Afuera. Costa Rica. Mexico. 195 Isla Clarion. 73 http://publishing. Panama. Panama.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 131 Isla Chaves. 125 Isla Chapera. 115 Isla Caracoles. Peru.cdlib. Panama. Mexico. 201 Isla Bolaños. 105 . 201 Isla de Coiba. 93 Isla Contadora. Mexico. 196 Isla de Caluca (Isla Cacaluta). Chile. 131 Isla Cébaco. Panama. 259 Isla Chepillo. 97 Isla de Asia. Peru. Costa Rica.chunk. Chile. Panama. 195 Isla Chiloe. Panama. See Cedros Isla Chamá. 211 Isla de Guadalupe. Panama. 73 Isla de Canete. 249 Isla de Chincha (Grupo de Chincha). 49 Isla Conchagua. 227 . 73 Isla Callacalla.doc. 117 Isla Cedros. Nicaragua. 197 Isla de Chiluy (Isla Chiloé).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Panama. Panama. 131 Isla Boná. Panama. 107 Isla Chitre.id=0. Panama. 245 Isla Camote. 195 . Peru. 155 . Costa Rica. 125 Isla Caballo. Chile. 131 Isla Casaya. 127 Isla Chilca. Isla Blanca. Peru. Panama. 249 Isla Chira. Panama. See Alcatraz Isla de Aserradores. Peru. Panama. 55 Isla de Guanas (Isla Iguana). 107 Isla Cacaluta. Peru. El Salvador. Mexico. Mexico. 121 Isla de La Brea.A Buccaneer's Atlas Isla Blanca.

id=0. 91 Isla de Santa Clara. 245 . 131 Isla Geronimo. Panama. 125 Isla Foca. Panama. 255 Isla El Espíritu Santo. 57 Isla Gibraléon. Ecuador.chunk.A Buccaneer's Atlas Isla de La Plata. 113 Isla de Nats (Isla Naos). 91 Isla del Gallo. Mexico.doc. 91 Isla de Porcada. 168 n Isla Galera. 131 Isla Gallo. 193 Isla de Los Estados (Staten Island). Panama. El Salvador. El Salvador. Peru. 97 Isla del Esperitu Sto (Isla El Espíritu Santo). 115 Isla de Puercos. 137 Isla de Sacraficio (Isla de Sacrificios). Argentina. 259 Isla Flamenco. 139 Isla del Rey: Isla del Rey. 259 Isla Fernandina. 114 n Isla de Socaran (Isla San Sebastían). Colombia. Panama. El Salvador.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 91 Isla Elefante. Galapagos. Colombia. Panama. 117 http://publishing. Ecuador. Peru. Galapagos. 125 Isla Española. Panama. Peru. 91 Isla del Caño. Mexico. 131 Isla Gobernadora. Costa Rica. Isla del Rey.cdlib. 131 Isla de Muertos. Panama. 73 Isla de Samuria. Panama. 109 Isla del Cardón. 131 Isla de Realezo. Peru. Isla dell Rey. 155 Isla de Santa. Panama. Chile. Panama. 203 Isla de Lima. 157 Isla Diego Ramírez. 255 Isla de Monte.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Nicaragua. 125 Isla de Palmares (Isla de Samuria). Panama. 151 Isla de Las Viejas. Panama. El Salvador. 131 Isla Ensenada. Chile. 130 . Ecuador. 131 . El Salvador. 177 -79 Isla de Silva. Panama. Panama.

Panama. Peru. 249 . 259 . 107 Isla Palmas. El Salvador. 49 . 61 Isla Jambeli. Panama.doc. 121 . Mexico. 245 Isla Mandinga. 131 Isla Pinzón.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 169 Isla Mancera. Chile. 253 Isla Jicarón. Costa Rica. 259 http://publishing. 129 Isla Isabela: Isla Isabela. Costa Rica. 243 Isla Mogo Mogo. Chile. Ecuador. 131 Isla La Minita. 93 Isla Melones. 107 Isla Otoque. Panama. Galapagos. Peru. 131 Isla Mondragón. 137 Isla Perico. 253 Isla La Mina. Panama. Panama. Peru. 257 Isla Más Afuera. 139 Isla Guafo. Colombia. 169 Isla Lobos de Tierra. 257 Isla Mazorca. Chile. Panama. Chile. Isla Isabela. 131 Isla Mocha. 125 Isla Membrillo. Colombia. 117 Isla Lobos de Afuera.id=0. 125 Isla Marchena. Panama. Chile.A Buccaneer's Atlas Isla Gorgona. 189 Isla Meanguera.chunk. 125 Isla Pacheca. Panama.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 113 Isla Natividad. 115 Isla La Campaña. 155 Isla Montuosa. Panama. Ecuador. 259 Isla Más a Tierra. Panama. 249 Isla Leones. Panama. Panama.cdlib. Chile. Galapagos. 131 Isla Lemuy. 168 n. Panama. Mexico. Chile. 131 Isla Pájaro. 251 Isla Iguana. 168 n. 155 Isla Javier. Chile. 57 Isla Negritos. Galapagos.

Mexico. Chile. 125 Isla Tangola (Isla Tangola-Tangola). Ecuador. Panama. Panama. Panama. Chile.id=0. Isla Santa Marí. 201 Isla San Lucas. Costa Rica. Chile. 131 Isla Santiago. Mexico. Panama. 49 Isla Rodriguez (Isla Santay). 131 Isla Silva de Afuera. Mexico. Mexico. 259 Isla Señora. Ecuador. Chile. 245 Isla Tigre. Galapagos. Chile. 155 Isla Punta Zacate. 107 Isla San Martín. 49 Isla San Pablo. 155 Isla Saboga. 125 Isla Taboguilla. 259 Isla Santa Inés. Panama. Chile. 153 Isla San Benedicto.doc. 115 Isla Robinson Crusoe (Isla Más a Tierra). USA. Galapagos. Mexico. 259 Isla San Sebastían. El Salvador. 131 Isla Salango. 125 Isla Taborcillo. 259 Isla Ranchería.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 49 Isla Taboga. Galapagos. 115 Isla Socorro.chunk. Ecuador. Galapagos.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .cdlib. Galapagos. 257 Isla Roca Partida. 258 n. 249 Isla Rabida. Panama. 57 Isla San Salvador. 93 Isla Quenac. El Salvador. 259 Isla Santay. 131 Isla San Roque. 259 Isla San Gallán. 257 Isla Santa Cruz. 49 Isla San Cristóbal. 258 n.A Buccaneer's Atlas Isla Puná. 93 http://publishing. 255 Isla Santa Maria: Isla Santa Maria. 155 Isla Santelmo. 91 Isla Santa Clara. Ecuador. El Salvador. Chile. 249 Isla Quinchao. Peru. 73 Isla Teje. Panama. Panama. Galapagos. 243 . Panama.

176 Island of Guaura. 174 . Chile. Peru. See Cedros Island Chaulinec.chunk. 138 . 230 Island Plata. Peru. 172 ― 301 ― Island Caño. Colombia. 120 Island Yqueque. Chile.A Buccaneer's Atlas Isla Tranqui. 132 Island Gallo. Peru. 194 Island of Malabrigo. Colombia. Costa Rica. 191 Island of Chao. Ecuador. 138 Island Guaffo. Peru. 104 . 164 Island of Calao (Isla San Lorenzo). Peru. 190 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 186 Island of Guanape. Panama. Costa Rica. 106 Island Cornejo. 249 Isla Urabá. Ecuador. Chile. 182 . Panama. 108 Island Cenicas. 56 http://publishing. Mexico. 248 Island Chiluy. Chile. 249 Island Chaulineque. Panama.doc. Peru. 176 Island Paxaros. 174 Island of San Marcos. See Farallon Islands of San Martin. Ecuador. Peru. 248 Island Chira.cdlib. Peru. 136 Island Galera. 190 . 210 Island de Palmas. Costa Rica. 125 Isla Venado.id=0.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 155 Isla Viveros. 107 Isla Verde. 131 Islan Lobos. 136 . 154 Island of Don Martin. 218 Islands of Saint James. 248 Island Lobos. Colombia. Peru. 140 Island Gorgona. 176 Island of Colanche. Chile. Chile. Peru. Peru. Panama. 188 Island of Lima. 152 Island Yguanas. 56 Island of Santa. Chile. 188 .

Peru. 191 http://publishing. 168 n Islas Macabí. Peru. 213 Isleta Platania. Peru. Peru. Punta. 177 Islas de Cenos. 259 Isle of Galera. 125 Islote Pelado: Islote Pelado. Costa Rica. Islote Pelado. 131 Isletas Crossman. 211 Isle Genovesa. Panama. Chile. Ecuador. 173 Islas Revilla Gigedo. Peru.A Buccaneer's Atlas Islas Ballestas. 189 Islote Veleros. 201 Islotes Ferrol. 189 . 113 Islas Las Tres Marias. Peru.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Peru. 251 Islas Juan Fernandez. Peru. 215 Isletta (Islas Chao). 181 Islote Corcovado. Peru. 257 Islas Ladrones. 259 Isletta (Isla Alacrán). 188 . 259 Isletas Los Hermanos. See Cedros Islas de Los Quepos. 119 Islas Guaitecas.cdlib. 249 . Panama. Chile. 259 Isleta de Afuera. Panama. Peru. 179 Islotes Hormigas de Afuera. 49 Islas Secas. Peru. 113 Islay. Peru. 259 Islote Zárate. Galapagos. 189 Islote San Pedro. Panama. Chile. 201 Islas Chao. Panama.id=0. 259 Islote Pan de Azúar. Mexico. Panama. Mexico. Galapagos.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Galapagos. 131 Isleta Lobos. 177 Islote Culpepper. Peru. 109 Islas Encantadas (Galapagos Islands). 258 n Islas Frailes.doc.chunk. 177 . 61 Islas Lobos. Ecuador. Argentina. Galapagos. 153 . 125 Islote Wenman. 255 Islote Verde. Galapagos. Panama. Galapagos. 188 Isle Pinta. Peru.

Rio. 259 . 1 . 239 Ixtapa. 91 Jn de Cojeres. 65 J Jago: St Jago. 185 Jalisco. 269 . 115 Jipijapa. 153 Jiquilisco. 8 . 147 Javier. Chile. 32 .doc. Rio de. Ecuador. Peru. Baya de Nombre de (Bahía Lomas). 85 Itata. 142 . 269 . 27 -28 Jequetepeque. 62 Jesus. 267 . 253 Jeafferson. Ecuador. Cerro del Jaques (Cerro Las Tetas). Isla. 223 Jaramijo. 272 . 3 . Chile. Chile. Obraje de. Peru. Ecuador. 258 n.. Mexico. Mexico. 266 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Galapagos. Argentina. 87 John Carter Brown Library. 259 . 255 Jicarón. 252 n. Panama. Isla. 259 Jaques de la Zorra. Rio. El Salvador. Chile. Ecuador. Panama. Ecuador. Isla. Morro. 26 . 117 Jaguey. 155 James II. 182 Jara. 171 Jervis Island (Isla Rabida). Sir Leoline. 262 Jambeli. 272 Jenkins. king of England. 185 Jaquoy de la Torra. 145 Jamaica. Guatemala. Peru.cdlib. Mexico. 29 . 149 Jaramillo. 61 Jama. Peru. 270 . El Salvador.chunk. 259 Jesupar.id=0. Punta de. 60 . Galapagos. 129 Istapa. 270 . Puerto de. 236 Jaguar. Punta. 266 . Chile.A Buccaneer's Atlas Islotes Infiernillos.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Rio. 272 http://publishing. USA. St Jago (Santiago). Ecuador. 258 n. C. 270 James Island (Isla San Salvador or Santiago). dedications to. 229 Islotes Patiñito. 44 . 153 Islotes Pájaros. Providence. 203 Islotes Los Ahorcados. Ecuador. Peru. 267 . xii .

245 . 215 Josiah . 32 Kiddle. 272 José: Banco San José. 215 . Juan Diaz (Rio Juan Diaz). Chile. Estero de Don Juan. book collector. professor. Quebrada de Juan Sape. Golfo King James II's Isle. 214 . Sharp. 12 Juan: Baya de San Juan (Bahía Tarn). 259 Jones. Rio. Peru. St Juan de Pimoche (Pimocha). 253 . 131 . City of (Lima). Sr (Isla Fernandina). Wafer Juan. 266 . Chile. Rio San Juan. 196 n.id=0. Peru. Dampier. 190 King's Islands. Galapagos. Rio Juan Diaz.A Buccaneer's Atlas John Narbroughs Isle.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Enseñada tie San Juan. 43 . See Perlas Islands http://publishing. 17 . William. Costa Rica. 256 n. Panama. 91 Jujan. Charles's Isle (Isla Santa María). buccaneer. 16 King Charles's Harbor.doc. Junial. H. 267 -68. Juan de Nova. See also Anonymous. Juan Gomez (see Gomez). USA. 49 Kidd. Chile. 245 . 157 Junial: El Junial. Chile. 157 . Galapagos. Panama. 16 . 205 . Dick. ship. Juan Fernández. Chile. Ecuador.cdlib. B. 261 -62. Colombia. 225 . Panama. Chile. 137 . Costa Rica. Ecuador. Puerto de San Juan (Bahía San Juan). archipelago. 18 n. V. Chile. See Dulce. Ecuador. Volcán. Rio San Jose. Ringrose. 129 . 127 . 157 Jucuapa. Spanish captain. 259 King of England's Harbor. L. 131 .. El Salvador. Rio San Juan. See Duke of York's Isle King James Isle (Isla San Salvador or Santiago). Peru. 204 . Galapagos. 258 n. 226 K K. Cox. Peru. Panama. 197 . Peru. 269 . 270 .. 259 Kansas. El (Caleta Pajonal). 35 . 32 Journals of the voyage.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Rio de Juan Diaz (Rio Lluta). Port of San Juan.chunk. 111 Kings. Chile. Panama.

engraver. Costa Rica.. Chile. 234 . Chile. Pta de La. 123 La Civdad de Nra Snra de los Remedios.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 131 La Herradura: La Herradura. 227 La Cosubina (Volcán Cosiguina). La Madalina (Islas Guaitecas). Chile. Peru. Chile. 137 . Chile. Puerto de La Ligua (Caleta Ligua).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 269 . 79 La Galera. Chile. Ecuador. Colombia. 95 La Cruz de Pizarro. Panama. Panama. 223 . 113 La Campaña (Isla La Campaña). 114 La Concession: La Concession. 70 La Matansa. Chile. Panama. 240 La Costa. Panama. 247 La Ligua: Port of La Ligua. publisher. 127 La Marquese.id=0. Cordillera de. Peru. Ecuador.doc. 233 La Limo. Puerto de (Bahía de Atacames). Peru. 173 La Maistra (Rio La Maestra). 113 La Gartos (Rio San Juan). 234 . James. Panama. 251 . Nicaragua. 270 . 2 Knapton. Hans P. Quebrada. 243 La Encomienda. Chile. Mexico. 253 La Canoa (Rio de Chone). Chile. dealer. 240 . 247 La Boca de Los Espinos. Jan. 201 La Baya. 131 La Guiena. 267 . 155 http://publishing. La Herradura. Calle de.cdlib. Chile. 272 Kip.chunk. Peru. Chile. 147 La Cherrera (Rio Chorrera). 106 La Isla. Panama.A Buccaneer's Atlas Kingsborough. Panama. Mexico. 143 La Garita. 159 La Delicada (Isla Santa Maria). La Madalina (Magdalena de Cao). 249 La Madalina: La Madalina. Ecuador. 261 Kraus. 272 L La Aguja. Port of La Concession. viscount. 165 La Ballesia (Islas Ballestas). Caleta. Cerro.

Peru. 252 Lanasca. Panama. Panama. 93 Lamperts. 121 . Puibla de La Serena (La Serena). 187 Ladrones Islands. El Salvador. 242 La Navidad. Panama. Nicaragua.cdlib. Port of. 151 La Posesión.A Buccaneer's Atlas La Mesa de Doña María Francisca. 180 http://publishing. Chile. Ecuador. limpet. Peru. 59 Laque of Calabra. El Salvador. Peru. sacked. Rio (Rio Valdivia). Panama. Islas.id=0. 232 . 113 Lagarto. privateer. Punta Lachay. 129 La Plata. Mexico.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Peru. 60 La Serena: La Serena. Peru. Puerte de (Punta Gasparino). 93 La Vieja. 123 La Silla de Paita (Cerros Silla de Paita). 229 . Panama. 163 La Trompeuse . 239 La Villa. Chile. 131 La Palma. 245 Lansado. Rio. 232 . 49 Laguncularia racemosa . Isla de. Punta. Panama. 203 La Mocha. 127 Lago de Nicaragua. Cerro. Rio de. 125 . 204 . 155 . 158 La Purification. 15 La Serruzuela (Cerro Cerrezuela). 214 n Lama. Chile. Port of. Chile. Chile.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 97 La Puna (Isla Puna). Chile. 206 Lanquen. Punto. Peru. Puerto de. See Natividad La Paja. 16 . Nicaragua. 188 . 189 . Mexico. 121 ― 302 ― Labapi. 212 Lamiangola (Isla Meanguera). See Marianas Islands Ladrones. Ecuador. 229 . 72 n Lagunilla (Caleta Lagunillas).chunk. Peru. 26 La Unión.doc. 201 Lake Titicaca. Peru. 243 Lachay: Lachay.

id=0. Mexico. Strait of Le Maire. Chile.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Le Maires Straights.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . determining. Peru. 25 n. 60 . Rio. 75 . Coma de. 81 Las Anabacas. Isla de. Ecuador. 25 Laurus lingue . Peru. Monte. 243 Lechuza. Chile. Mexico. Argentina. 255 n. Chile. 259 Le Maire. running down the. 246 Larquin. 185 Las Tres Marias: Las Marias (Islas Las Tres Marias). Punta.cdlib. 256 .chunk. 93 Latitude. 266 . 69 Las Guías. 43 . Puerto de. Nicaragua. Las Tres Marietas. 253 Ld Culpeppers Isle (Islote Culpepper). 99 Las Salinas Las Salinas. Galapagos. Colombia. Guatemala. 180 n Lava Lava. 188 . 61 Las Viejas. Rio. Punta. Las Salinas (Punta Carnero). 264 . 135 Las Anegadizas.doc. Las Salinas (Bahía Salina Cruz). Colombia. Volcán. 35 . Chile. Guatemala. Punta. See Las Tres Marias Las Pilas. Peru. 44 . Las Salinas. 255 . Argentina. Argentina. 134 Las Barancas (Cordillera de El Fuerte). El Salvador. 117 Lebu.A Buccaneer's Atlas Laqui. 42 . 254 Lebalt. Chile. Panama. Peru. 83 Las Anegadas (Picos de Ananas). Panama. 243 Lazaro. Straight of Le Maire. 131 Lavapié. Rio. Dutch explorer. 236 . 82 Las Anabacs. Chile. Mexico. Baya de San. 123 Las Marias. Argentina. 201 http://publishing. 155 Las Tetas. Guatemala. 61 . 256 n Le Maire: Estrecho de Le Maire. Cerro. Jacob. Mexico. 254 n. Peru. Panama. 203 Las Zorras. 185 Lateca. 241 Las Amilpas.

Caleta. Rio. 188 . 92 . 259 Lizard. 193 Limari (Rio Limari). Chile. 258 n Llama. Peru. Peru. merchantman. 98 . Panama. El Salvador. 231 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 249 Linga. Chile.id=0.cdlib. Chile. 250 . 90 . 11 Limuy (Isla Lemuy). 124 . 160 Liquilisco (Jiquilisco). 249 Lincoln. Pta de (Punta Lisa). Isla. Chile. Fort of (Fortaleza de Paramonga). 127 Lo alto de Senosop (Monte Papayal). León. Chile. 27 Little Wainman. 155 . Island of Lima. 117 Lepanto. Panama. 232 Lime. England. Galapagos. Peru. 193 . 107 Licas.doc. 91 Lemuy. Cornwall. 215 Lo Alto de Mache (Serrania de Majé). 98 -100 Leones (Isla Leones). 121 Lisbon Merchant . Rio de Lima (Rio Rimac). Panama. Chile. 184 . Chile. Nicaragua. Panama. 90 . 269 . 243 http://publishing. Lady.chunk. 190 -94. Volcan de Leon (Volcán Las Pilas). 162 . Pto de (La Boca de Los Espinos). 190 . Panama. Peru. 38 . 131 Lempa: Lempa. 194 . Rio. 132 . 185 Lions. El Salvador. 170 . Costa Rica. 121 Ligua. 124 n. 254 n Lemon. Panama.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . El Salvador.A Buccaneer's Atlas Leeward Islands. Punta. El Salvador. 131 Limón. Rio de Lempa. 130 n. 249 Leon: Leon. 212 Lluta. Nicaragua. Peru. Peru. Costa Rica. 233 Lima: Lima. 272 Lindin. Isla de Lima. 90 . Ecuador. 249 Linao (Bahía Linao). Bajos Lempa. 91 Lisa. 214 . 131 Limones. 99 . 101 Lo Alto de Tucapell (Cordilleras de Nahuelbuta).

Chile. 283 -84 Lora. Ecuador. Peru. 213 Loma Santa Lucía. 38 López. 255 Longitude. Lobos. 168 n. 259 http://publishing. 127 Los Hermanos. 219 Lobos. Argentina. Spanish captain. 159 . Rio de. Isla. 168 .chunk. 27 . 35 . Mexico. Peru. Mexico. Quebrada de. Lobos de Afuera. Guatemala. Peru. 156 Los Gartos (Rio Lagarto). 189 Locumba. Los Asseradores (Isla de Aserradores). Cerros. Lobos de Tierra. Chile. 25 n. 164 . 61 Los Galapagos. Cordillera Occidental de (Cordillera Negra). 169 . 97 Los Chinos. Isla. Peru. 168 n. Puerto de (Caleta Los Chinos). 153 . 99 Lomas. 163 Los Andes. 155 . 127 -29 Lorinchincha. Panama. Chile. 97 . Chile. 165 . 41 . 113 Los Estados. 154 Los Almenos. Rio de. La Boca. Nicaragua. Rio.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 213 . 255 Los Evangelistos (Grupo Evangelistas). Peru.id=0. Panama. 199 Los Ahorcados (Islotes Los Ahorcados). 198 . Isletas.cdlib. Peru. Lobos (Isla Foca). Ecuador. Peru. Peru. 169 . 155 Loa. Nicaragua.doc. 251 Los Esclavos. Diego. Isla de (Staten Island). Peru. 181 Los Coronados. Punta Grita Lobos. 85 Los Espinos. Ecuador. 239 Lorenzo: Cape Lorenzo (Cabo de San Lorenzo). Peru. 74 Los Asseradores: Estero de Los Asseradores (Estero de Aserradores). Panama. Chile. 197 Los Angelos (Puebla). 211 Los Amotapes. Bahía. Nicaragua. 255 Lobos: Isleta Lobos. 253 Los Ffrailes (Islas Frailes).A Buccaneer's Atlas Lo Alto de Tunbes (Cerros Los Amotapes). Peru. Panama. Galapagos. Ecuador. Argentina. Peru. 119 Los Frailes. 185 . Peru. Lobos Island. Pta Lorenzo (Punta San Lorenzo). 238 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 149 . 21 .

Peru. 63 Los Ollenos. http://publishing.id=0. Ecuador. Peru. 107 Madalina: La Madalina. 286 Maestra. 93 Macatón. Mexico. Panama. 253 Madrid. Cerro de. Chile. Panama. 193 Los Salinas. 253 . 127 . governor of Jamaica. Chile. Spain. 62 . Cividad de Los Reyes (Lima). 58 n. Chile. 28 . La. Treaty of Madrid. Costa Rica. 121 Lynch. Costa Rica. 109 Los Reyes: Baya de Los Reyes (Boca de Canales). Panama. Messa de. 201 M Tambo. Mexico. 137 . La Madalina (Islas Guaitecas). Sir Thomas. La Madalina (Magdalena de Cao). Ecuador. Colombia. Madalina (Islas Guaitecas). Costa Rica. Mache (Isla Majé). 27 . Estrecho de.A Buccaneer's Atlas Los Inocentes. Chile. Peru. 257 Los Ladrones (Islas Ladrones). 1 . 173 . 203 Los Quepos. 249 Madre de Dios. 164 Lucar (Isla San Lucas). Islas. Rio. Chile. 101 Machala. Peru. Islas de. 262 M M Paraca (Monte Lechuza). 54 Los Tintos. Rio. 173 Macanpique (Isla Punta Zacate). 195 Macabí. 157 Los Triangulos. 251 . Fernão da. Chile. Peru. Mexico.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 127 Magalhães. 107 Luis Delgado (Pedasí). See Farallon Loxa. 113 Los Motines. 28 . 189 Macaw. 155 Mache: Lo Alto de Mache (Serrania de Majé). Peru. 49 . Portuguese explorer in the service of Spain. Panama. Peru. Costa Rica. 255 Magdalena: Bahía Magdalena. 127 Macolela. Panama. El Salvador. La Madalina (see Magdalena). Peru. Cerro.chunk. Juan Fernandez. Archipiélago.doc.cdlib. 254 n Magallanes.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .

Punta. Pta Mala (Punta Mala). Argentina. Chile. 23 . 255 . Peru. Strait of. 171 Malaca (Ensenada de Malaca). Ffarellon de Malabrigo (Islas Macabí). 139 Malgesi (Islote Pelado). Streights of. 127 Majantelba (Isla Isabela). 155 . Chile. Magellan. 252 n Maggs Brothers. 43 . 61 . Panama. 251 . 159 Malus pumila . Mexico. Rio. 11 .chunk. Magellan. 195 Malpelo. Magellan. 173 Magdalene College. 250 n. 61 Mala: Alto de Mala (Cerro Zambapala). Peru. 265 Magnetic variation. 24 .id=0. 249 http://publishing. Peru.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Peru.A Buccaneer's Atlas Baya de Madilina (Bahía Magdalena). 38 Maipo. Mexico. 108 . 172 . Costa Rica. Rio de (Rio Chagui). 160 Maldu. 251 . 255 . 109 . 268 Magellanic clouds. 189 Malpaso de Asia.cdlib. Cambridge. 254 -55. 14 Magellanic penguin. 59 . Ecuador. Peru. booksellers. 161 Malacca. Malabrigo al Este. Peru. Chile-Argentina. 58 n. Colombia. Peru. 252 n. María Magdalena. 118 ― 303 ― Malabrigo: Malabrigo. Magellan Mouth. 262 . Morro Malabrigo. 210 n Mamon. Peru. 237 Maire. Peru. Peru. Magellan goose. Straights of. 155 . See Pepys Library Magellan: Estrecho de Magellan (Estrecho de Magallanes). 253 n. Estrecho de Le. Magdalena de Cao. Pta Mall (Punta Mala). Chile.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Argentina. England. 173 . 254 . Island of Malabrigo. 173 . Mexico. Punta. 255 Maistra. La (Rio La Maestra). Woods description of.doc. Peru 174 . Panama. 111 . 264 .

Celagua. 101 Mariato. Port De Supan. Maria. 241 http://publishing. 259 . María Cleofas.doc. Pta Manglares (Punta Mangle). M. 152 Manteca 112 n Manzanillo: Bahía Manzanillo. Costa Rica. Galapagos. Manila galleon. Panama. 63 . 67 . Maria. 235 Maria: Isla Santa Maria. esculenta. 100 . Sta.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 97 Manlin. 61 . 127 Manihot aipi. 62 . Mexico. 243 . 107 Mandingo (Isla Mandinga). El (Rio Membrillar). 129 . 127 Mangrove. Rio. 245 Mancora (Puerto Mancora). Chile. Chile. Chile. Puerto de Supan (Bahía Manzanillo). 141 . 74 n. 52 n. Philippines. Mexico. 259 Marga Marga. Isla. Panama. Mexico. Panama. 72 . 154 . 183 Manbrillan. Colombia. 48 n. 159 Mandayare. 149 . Ecuador. Sta (Santa Fe). Mexico. 155 .cdlib. Ecuador. María Magdelena (see Magdalena) Marianas Islands. 262 Mariane. 63 Mar del Norte (Atlantic Ocean). 59 .id=0.chunk. Costa Rica. Vina de la (Viña del Mar). Mexico. 255 Mar del Sur (Pacific Ocean). Chile. Messa de. 121 Mancera. Rio de (Rio Morote). Mexico. Chile. 140 . María Madre. 249 Manta Manta. Western Pacific Ocean. M. 119 Mariche. 125 Manglares: Pta de Manglares. Puerto de Celagua (Bahía Manzanillo). Isla. 235 Marchena. 150 . Chile. Punta. Manta (Cuidad de Manta). Panama.A Buccaneer's Atlas Manache. 61 . 242 . Panama. Peru. 62 . utilissima . Isla Santa María. Punta. Mexico.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Galapagos. Peru. 110 n Manila. 61 . 63 . Chile. 255 Mar. 63 . Panama. 131 Marinao.

Chile. 253 Martinello. 226 Marques: Marquese (Puerto Marqués). 95 Martin Perez (Rio Martín Pérez). Ecuador. 245 Marisco. Rio (Rio Martín Grande). Ecuador. 72 Matanchel: Matanchel (Matanchén). 155 Matapalo. 131 Martin. 29 Marrinas (Punta Marinao). 142 n. Southwark. 72 Masias. Mexico. 189 Marshalsea Prison. 72 . Spanish captain. Mexico. Mexico. Punta Marqués. 117 Más a Tierra. Ecuador. 257 Más Afuera. 60 Mayflower . Panama. San. 70 . Mexico. 157 Maxantelba. 75 . Michael. James. Chile. 67 . Isla. Nicaragua. 239 Mauso. 60 n Matansa. Chile. 59 Marquis.doc.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 60 n. Mexico. El. Canal de. Panama. 61 Matanchén. La. Peru. Isla. England. Spanish vessel: captured. 68 . 59 . 49 Matorrillos. Mexico. 257 Masattlan: Morro Masattlan (Punta Chipeque). 155 Matteo. 96 . 20 . Baya de San (Bahía San Mateo). Rio de (Rio Colotepec). Mexico. Chile. 67 . W. Mexico. 27 Martín Grande. Chile 241 Marroquin. 238 Marsaque (Isla Mazorca). 266 . 58 . Costa Rica. 12 . 75 Masias. 117 Martin Lopez: Port of Martin Lopez. 11 . buccaneer.chunk. Nicaragua. Rio de (Rio Maule). Puerto Marqués. 36 . Mexico.id=0. Puerto del Marques (Punta Marqués). 238 . 19 . Panama. 71 . Mexico. Ecuador. 111 Mathes. fish. Cabo. scuttled. 14 http://publishing. Mexico.A Buccaneer's Atlas Mariquina. Chile. Mexico.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Rio. Pto de Matanchel (Ensenada Matenchén). Pto de Martin Lopez (Estero Padre Ramos).cdlib. 143 Maule. Rio (Rio Cruces). Rio Masattlan. Mexico. Puerto del Marquese.

107 Messa de Mariane. 74 n. 87 Melones. Nicaragua. USA. 131 Mendocino: C. Mexico. El Salvador. Chile. 265 . Melchor Fernández de Córdoba. USA. 94 Messa de Sta Juana. 237 Mazama americana . 131 . 160 Mesa de Juan Gomez. 49 . Panama. Mexico City. 51 . Panama.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 100 . 49 . Panama. Peru. London. Costa Rica. Rio de (Rio Maipo). 76 . Panama. 189 Meanguera. 50 n. 121 Merchant Taylors School. 70 . 64 n.chunk. USA.doc. 62 n. Fernández de Cordoba. Costa Rica. Panama. 101 Messa de Roldan. 56 n. http://publishing. 73 . Panama. E1 Salvador. 60 n. 93 Mearns. 64 n. 98 Mestizo. England. See Gomez Messa de Macolela. 117 . 121 Membrillos (Isla Membrillo). Nicaragua. 43 . P. Pta de (Punta Malpelo). 117 Mero.cdlib. 74 . A. 51 . 125 Membrillar. Chile. Peru. See Gomez Messa de Dna Maria (Cerro La Mesa de Doña María Francisca). City of Mexico. 61 . Rio grande de (Rio Grande). Cape Mendocino. Isla. Spanish general. Rio Meriato (Rio Morillo). 118 . 49 . 66 n. Isla. 101 Messa de Sutraba. 66 . Cavo de Mendocino. Isla. Mendocino. 74 n. 220 Melchor. 64 .. 203 Messa de Juan Gomez. USA. Rio. 272 Mejillones del Sur. 67 . 82 n Meta.A Buccaneer's Atlas Maypo. Mexico. 125 Melons. Panama. Bahía. Costa Rica. Cavo Mendocino. 267 . 131 Mendano (Rio Mendaño). 121 Mexico. 50 Mensabe Purro (Rio Mensabé). 66 . 266 . Obraje de Don Melchor. 155 . 29 Meriato: Pta Meriato (Punta Meriato).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.id=0. 265 Melchor: Don Melchor. Panama. 112 n Mazorca. Peru.

cdlib. 101 Moncalco. 88 Mexillones. 60 . El Salvador. 131 Monte Carretas. 203 Monte Christo. 155 Montanas de Cuaque. La Mocha. Volcán. Argentina. Rio de (Rio Mira). See Albemarle Mondragon. 66 n.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Rio. 242 . 211 Mombacho. Christopher. Chile. 155 Mongon (Cerro Mongon).A Buccaneer's Atlas Gulf of Mexico. 183 Mongoncillo. 139 Mirounga angustirostris .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Bajos de (Isla Mondragón). 220 Miangola. Panama.id=0. Mexeco. 49 Montaña. Chile. Chile. 131 Molin. Panama. Peru. Ysla de Mocha (Isla Mocha).chunk. Peru. 105 Monte Lechuza. Ecuador. 89 Monck. Baya de (Bahía Mejillones del Sur). Punta. Ro (Canal de Matorrillos). Pta de. Punta. 243 . 101 http://publishing.doc. 131 Mita. 243 Moche. 183 Mongonsillo (Colina Redonda). 183 Monjes (Isla Clarion). Isla La. Peru. 145 Monte (Isla tie Monte). Costa Rica. 175 Mogomago (Isla Mogo Mogo). 152 Monte Gordo. Rio. Ecuador. 131 Mira. 131 Minita. Mexico. Chile. Colombia. Panama. Peru. Colombia. E1 Salvador. Costa Rica. 131 Mina Grande (Isla la Mina). 180 . Peru. Peru. Ffarrellones de (Islote Veleros). Panama. 255 Monte Hermoso. Panama. 139 Miel. Ecuador. Ecuador. 61 Mocha: Isla Mocha. 155 Mina Chica (Isla La Minita). 201 Monte Papayal. Ecuador. Mexico. 181 . 117 Mollendo. Peru. Panama. 92 Mícay. Costa Rica.

12 . 199 Morales. Cerro. Carlos Cruz. 198 .doc. 54 . 159 Morote. vii . Panama. 26 . 113 Mora. 203 Monte Rey. 53 Monte Trigo. 9 . 217 Morro de Ariquipa. Costa Rica. 14 . Puerto de (Estero Bay). Puerto Tambo de. 1 -3. Peru. 264 . captures deriotero . 117 ― 304 ― Moro. 84 Montecristi. Port of Morro Moreno. 265 . 193 Monte Xpo (Cerro de Montecristi). 20 . 127 . USA. 224 . 220 . 56 n Monticalco de los Esclavos. 205 . 247 Morro Bamba. 151 Monterey. Chile.id=0. Peru. Morro Moreno. 16 . Peru. 206 Morro de Atico. 207 . 207 Morro de Alico (Morro de Atico). 77 Morro de Cavallo (Morro Nazca). Pta de (Punta Malpelo). Puerto de Morro Moreno (Bahía Moreno). lieutenant governor of Jamaica. 26 -27 Morillo. 272 Montuosa (Isla Montuosa). 207 Morro de Carbon (Cerro Morro). Peru. Chile. Ecuador. Chile. 124 . Peru. Chile. Nicolás. 157 . 203 Morro de Chao. Chile. Ecuador. 135 . Mexico. Chile. 85 Montt. 207 Morro de Arica. 268 . 245 Morro Chala. 262 -63.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 253 Moreno. Chilean book collector. 223 Morgan.cdlib. Guatemala. Rio. Puerto. 151 Montecabo. 244 . 75 . Peru.A Buccaneer's Atlas Monte Quemado. Peru. Colombia. Rio (Rio Esclavos). Panama. Peru. Peru. El Puerto de Monte Rey. Mexico.chunk. Peru. Chile. 7 . Sir Henry. Peru. 76 Morro Bonifacio.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . buccaneer: sacks Panama. 177 http://publishing. USA. Spanish pilot. 158 Moreno: Baquerizo Moreno. Guatemala. Rio. 107 Morro Amortajado. 10 . 269 . 215 . 209 Morro de Atiquipa.

99 Motape: Hills of Motape. 179 Morro de Georje (Morro Jara). 203 Mortena (Isleta Platania).cdlib. 203 Morro del Puiblo. 131 Mosquitos: Barra de Mosquitos (Barra de San Francisco). 205 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Morro de Etten (Morro de Eten). See Petalán Morro Puercos (Punta Morro de Puercos). 69 . 78 . 102 . Mosquitos. Mexico. 117 . 195 Morro de Tarapaca (Monte Tarapaca). See Petalán Morro de Sama. 77 . 115 Morro di Acari (Morro Chala). 175 . 193 . Peru. Mosquitos (Punta Gorda). Peru. Chile. Peru. 187 Morro de Masattlan. 219 Morro de Viejas (Monte Carretas). 75 Morro Moreno. Chile. Peru. Panama. Peru.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 204 . Panama. 104 . See Petalÿn Morro de Petaplan.id=0. 245 Morro Hermoso: Morro Hermoso. 171 Morro Masattlan (Punta Chipeque). 119 Morro Quemado (Monte Quemado). 203 Morro Petaplan. Peru. Peru. Serras de Motape (Cerros Los Amotapes). Chile. Peru. 214 . Peru. 223 Morro de Guanape (Cerro Prieto de Guañape). 105 Morro Jara. Chile. Chile. 207 Morro Gonsale. 162 . 76 Morro de Petalán. 144 http://publishing. Costa Rica. Peru. 169 Morro de Fferrol (Cerro Peninsula). 177 Morro de Guaura. 202 . Panama. Panama. 71 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 223 Morro Malabrigo. Mexico. 131 Mossa de Sutraba. Mexico.chunk. Peru. Peru.doc. 163 Mottattoes. See Moreno Morro Nazca. Peru. 177 . Morro Hermoso (Monte Hermoso). Mexico. Morro Hermoso. 179 Morro de Solon. 215 Morro de Sangallan. 244 Morro Gonsalo. Peru. Peru. Panama. 222 . 202 Morro de Santa. 72 . 218 . Nicaragua.

A Buccaneer's Atlas

Mount Darwin, Chile, 255 Mount Sarmiento, Chile, 255 Moxon, Joseph, cartographer and publisher, 263 , 268 Mr Eures Isle (Isle Genovesa), Galapagos, 259 Muertos, Isla de, Panama, 113 Mulatto, 82 n, 102 , 128 Musa, 110 n Mussels, 252 Mutinies, 10 , 12 , 16 , 19 Mutton, 116 Myroxylon perierae , 89 Mytilus , 252 n

N
N. Senora [*] , Baya de, Chile, 223 Nabiscalco, El Salvador, 86 Naguala: Naguala, Mexico, 70 ; Rio de Naguala (Rio Papagayo), Mexico, 69 Nahuatl, 66 n Nahuelbuta, Cordilleras de, Chile, 243 Nahuizalco, El Salvador, 87 Naliscalco (Nahuizalco), El Salvador, 87 Naos (Isla de Nats), Panama, 124 n Naranjal, El (Canal de Naranjal), Ecuador, 155 Narbrough, Sir John, admiral, 28 n, 31 -33, 259 , 262 , 263 , 284 Narbrough Island (Isla Fernandina), Galapagos, 259 Narbroughs Isle, Sr John (Isla Fernandina), Galapagos, 259 Nata: Nata, Panama, 120 , 122 ; Rio Chico de Nata (Rio Chico), Panama, 121 National Maritime Museum. See Greenwich Natividad: Isla Natividad, Mexico, 49 , 57 ; La Nabidad (Isla Natividad), Mexico, 49 ; La Navidad, Mexico, 62 Nats, Isla de (Isla Naos), Panama, 125 Naval Historical Library (Admiralty Library), London, England, 22 n, 267 , 270 , 271 , 272 Navidad: Navidad, Mexico, 56 n, 63 ; Puerto de Navidad, Chile, 239 ;

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Puerto de Navidad (Barra de Navidad), Mexico, 63 Navigational aspects, 35 -38; remarks, 43 Navios, Surhidero de los (Ensenada Tumaco), Colombia, 139 Nayarit, Mexico, 61 Nazca, Morro, Peru, 203 Negra: Boca Negra (Bocanegra), Peru, 189 , 193 ; Cordillera Negra, Peru, 185 Negrillos, El Salvador, 93 Negritos, Isla, Costa Rica, 107 Negro, 82 n, 102 , 128 , 130 n Nevada: Cordillera Nevada, Chile, 215 ; Ysla Nevada (Seno Nevado), Chile, 255 Nevado de Colima, Mexico, 61 Nevis, 27 , 32 New Albion, 74 n New Galicia, Mexico, 61 New Spain, Mexico, 63 , 66 n New World, 70 n, 82 n New York Public Library, New York, USA, 271 Newton, Isaac, his Principia , 15 Nexpa, Rio, Mexico, 69 Nicholas, San, Peru, 202 Nicholas , privateer, 30 n, 258 n, 266 Nicolas, Puerto de San (Bahía San Nicolás), Peru, 205 Nicoya: Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica, 16 , 25 , 30 , 67 , 104 , 106 -7, 110 , 158 ; Golfo de, 107 ; refit at, 20 Niebla, Pta, Chile, 245 Noanamas, Rio de los (Rio San Juan), Colombia, 137 Noavioso, Ecuador, 157 Nobladas, Yslas (Channel Islands), USA, 53 Nombre de Jesus, Baya de (Bahía Lomas), Argentina, 255 Nonura, Peru, 165 , 166 Norfolk Isle (Isla Santa Cruz or Chares), Galapagos, 259 Norte, Mar del (Atlantic Ocean), 255 North Sea (Atlantic Ocean), 78 , 88

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A Buccaneer's Atlas

Nothofagus, 238 n Nova Albion, 50 n Nova Franza, 49 Nova, Juan de, Ecuador, 157 Nra Snra (Archipiélago Madre de Dios), Chile, 253 Nra Snra, Baya de, Chile, 253 Nra Snra, Rio de, Nicaragua, 97 Nra Snra, Ya de (Isla Natividad), Mexico, 57 Nra Snra de los Remedios, La Civdad de, Panama, 114 Nra Sra, Bay of, Chile, 222 Nra Sra, Baya de (Bahía Nuestra Señora), Chile, 225 Nra Sra, Sierras de, Chile, 223 Nucho, Puebla, Panama, 115 Nueba Ginea, 49 Nuebo anño (Barrio Nuevo), Nicaragua, 97 Nuebo, Puiblo (Remedios), Panama, 114 , 115 Nuestra Señora, Bahía, Chile, 225 Nueva Granada (Colombia), 49 Nuevo Yaguache, Ecuador, 157 Nunez, Ya Pedro, Chile, 247

O
Obispo, Ffarellon del, Chile, 237 Obraje de Don Melchor. See Melchor Obraje de Geronomo del Dna Pena, El Salvador, 87 Obraje de Jn de Cojeres, El Salvador, 87 Obraje del Rey, El Salvador, 87 Occidental de Los Andes, Cordillera (Cordillera Negra), Peru, 85 , 197 Ochroma lagopus , 129 Ocona, Peru, 207 , 209 Octavia, Bahía, Colombia, 133 Odocoileus virginianus , 112 n Olas, Roca Quiebra, Chile, 241 Olea europaea , 210 n Olive, 210 , 214 ; Olive oil, 211 Ollas, Farralles de (Roca Quiebra Olas), Chile, 240 , 241

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A Buccaneer's Atlas

Ollenos, Los, Peru, 203 Olleros, Punta, Peru, 203 Oradada, Pena (Punta Ayoyero), Peru, 163 Order of Saint Francis of Assisi, 135 Oria, Rio de (Rio Oria), Panama, 119 , 121 Orion Booksellers, London, England, 267 , 272 Ormigas (Islotes Hormigas de Afuera), Peru, 188 , 189 , 191 Ortelius, Abraham, cartographer, 258 n Ortiz (Rio San Francisco), Panama, 131 Osmore, Rio, Peru, 213 Osolien (Usulután), El Salvador, 90 , 91 Osorno: Bolcan de Osorno (Volcán Osorno), Chile, 247 ; Osorno, Chile, 247 Ostion (Rio Ostión), Panama, 131 Ostiones, Rio, Colombia, 137 Otoque Island, Panama, 11 , 125 , 126 Oxenham, John, buccaneer, 130 , 130 n Oyster, 131 ― 305 ―

P
P de la Conversion. See Point Conception Pablo, Diego, shipmaster, 284 Pablo: Isla San Pablo, Panama, 131 ; Sn Pablo (Isla San Pablo), Panama, 131 Pacasmajo: Pacasmajo (Villa de Pacasmayo), Peru, 171 ; Port of Pacasmayo, Peru, 170 Pacaya, Volcán, Guatemala, 83 Pachacama, Rio de, Peru, 194 , 195 Patheca (Isla Pacheca), Panama, 131 Pacific Ocean, 48 , 49 , 62 n, 63 , 67 , 73 , 74 n, 80 n, 93 , 98 , 136 n, 137 , 193 , 194 n, 219 , 255 , 256 n Pacora (Rio Pacora), Panama, 127 Padre Ramos, Estero, Nicaragua, 93 , 95 Padron, Astellero de (Estero Padre Ramos), Nicaragua, 93 Pagua, Rio de, Colombia, 137 Paguell, Bajos de (Isla Jambeli), Ecuador, 155 Paita: La Silla de Pasta (Cerros Silla de Paita), Peru, 163 ;

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A Buccaneer's Atlas

landing at, 23 ; Paita, Peru, 152 n, 162 -66, 168 n; Port of Paita, Peru, 162 ; Puerto de Paita, Peru, 163 Pájaro, Isla, Costa Rica, 107 Pájaros, Islotes, Chile, 229 Pajonal, Caleta, Chile, 225 Palacios, Gerónimo Martín, Spanish cartographer, 265 Palma, La, Panama, 129 Palmate: Isla de Palmares (Isla de Samuria), El Salvador, 91 ; Palmares (Isla Palmas), Colombia, 137 ; Pta de Palmare (Punta Arenas), Costa Rica, 107 ; Pta Palmares (Punta Platanel), Costa Rica, 111 Palmas, Isla, Colombia, 136 , 137 Palo Maria, 116 n Pan tic Azúcar, Islote, Panama, 125 Pan de sucie (Islote Pan de Azúcar), Panama, 115 , 125 Pan Sucre (Cerro La Garita), Panama, 113 Panama, 111 , 122 , 124 , 125 , 126 , 127 , 128 , 130 n, 132 , 137 , 140 , 160 , 162 , 170 ; Panama Canal, 124 n; Panama City, 1 , 2 , 3 , 5 , 8 , 9 , 21 , 112 n, 124 -25; gulf and bay of Panama, 7 , 8 , 11 , 12 , 20 , 124 -27, 264 , 266 ; Panama hats, 149 Paneca: Paneca (Apeneca), El Salvador, 84 , 86 , 87 ; Sierra de Paneca (see Cerro Grande de Apaneca) Panthera onca, 117 Panuen, Chile, 249 Papagayo: Bay of Papagayo, Costa Rica, 100 ; Golfo de Papagayo, Costa Rica, 101 , 103 ; Rio Papagayo, Mexico, 69 ; Volcan de Papagayo (Volcán Rincón de La Vieja), Costa Rica, 100 , 101 Papayal, Monte, Costa Rica, 101 Papayall, Rio (Quebrada Teteral), Panama, 129 Papudo, Puerto de (Puerto Papudo), Chile, 233 , 234 Paraca: M. Paraca (Monte Lechuza), Peru, 201 ; Paraca, Peru, 202 ; Península de Paracas, Peru, 201 ;

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249 Patatas. Nicaragua. Islotes. 126 Pasado (Passao). Ecuador. 201 Paramonga. 160 . 139 Patagonia. Puiblo de San (Samborondón).id=0. Panama. 184 . 255 Paso Caballos.chunk. 161 Parita (Rio Parita). 121 Paro (Isla Pájaro). 283 -84 Pasao. Ecuador. 97 Pasta. 210 Pedasí. Cape. 129 Pativilon. 131 . Chile. 107 Parrot. Ecuador. 127 . Chile. Panama. 157 Pasiga. 162 . 127 Parina. Panama. 147 -48. Ecuador. 119 . 129 Patina. 185 Pariga (Rio Pasiga). 121 Pedro de Baba. Pta (Punta de Pariñas). Rio. Isla San Pedro. Panama. Panama.doc. Peru. 152 n Patangas. Ecuador. 156 Passo de Cavallo (Estero Paso Caballos). Cabo. Panama. 22 . http://publishing. Panama.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Peru. Islote San Pedro. Punta de. Cavo (Cabo Pasado).cdlib. Estero.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Rio. 210 Peadeler. 147 . Argentina. 185 Paula Maria. 163 Pariñas. Pedro Gonsales. 148 n. 247 . 157 Pedro: Alto San Pedro. 150 . Panama. 147 Pascuales. Paxaros Island. Serra de. Peru. 116 Paxaros: Illas de Paxaros (Islotes Pájaros). Peru. Panama. Panama. Peru. Chile. Nicaragua. 230 n Pears. 131 . 101 . 230 Peaches. Farellon de (Islotes Patiñito). Rio. 129 Patiñito. 27 Pearl Islands. Fortaleza de.A Buccaneer's Atlas Puerto de Paraca (Bahía de Paracas). Pta (de) (Punta Patiño). Peru. Spanish captain. Chile. wood. Colombia. 229 . 127 Paso Boquerón. Costa Rica. 97 Passao. 189 . Chile.

view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 201 Peninsula Gallegos. 126 . Peru. 193 Peña (Isla Bejuco). 9 . 9 . Ecuador. Archipelago de las (Pearl Islands. 189 Peltome (Tomé). Chile. 255 . See Falkland Islands Pepys Library. Perico (Isla Perico). Panama. 268 . Martin Perez (Rio Martín Pérez). Chile. 131 . 131 . Panama. Panama. 127 Perico: battle of. 185 http://publishing. 130 -31 Perle Islands. Perico Island. 247 . 10 . 241 Penguins. Panama. Peru. Panama. Panama. 119 . Cambridge. Penascos. 160 n Perequeté. Perico. Ecuador. 10 . Panama. Spanish captain.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 205 Penco. 117 Peñas: Cabo Peñas. Panama. 262 Peralta. Samuel. Peru. 129 Pena Oradada (Punta Ayoyero). 131 Permonguilla (Paramonga). 124 -25 Perlas. 255 . 9 . Rio (Rio Ponuga). Chile. Cavo de Peñas (Cabo Peñas). Pta de San Pedro (Punta San Pedro). Islote Pelado. 241 Peña Horadada. 252 Peninsula. 13 . 251 Peninsulares. Kings Islands). 158 . Peru. 8 . 247 Pelado: Islote Pelado. 136 n. Peru.doc. 125 Perez: Estovall Perez. Cerro. 107 Peña Ora. 82 n Pepys Island. Costa Rica. Peru. Panama. Chile. 163 -65 Penaga. 131 . 272 Pepys. Rio. 16 . Chile. 153 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Pedro González. 179 Península de Paracas. secretary of the Admiralty. Golfo de Peñas. Argentina. Argentina. Magdalene College. 184 . Peru. 267 .cdlib.chunk.id=0. Francisco de. 253 Penascos: Penascos. Ro Perez (Rio Sambú). Chile. 158 n. Ya Pedro Nunez. 131 . Panama. 262 . Panama. Panama.

Colombia. 71 Piedras: Pta de Piedras (Punta de Piedra). 147 . 255 Piles: Estero de los Piles. 10 n Piedra Blanca. Rio del (Rio Pedasí). Bahía. Colombia.A Buccaneer's Atlas Peru. Pescadores. 26 Pezepuete (Rio Perequeté). Mexico. Ecuador. 135 Pieces of eight.id=0. 74 . Chile. book collector. viceroy of. Panama. 63 Petalán: Morro de Petalán. 270 . 165 . 189 . 157 . Ecuador. USA. Cabo. William. 272 Philippine Islands. 64 . 233 Pico Alta de Chilca. 209 . Morro Petaplan.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 137 Pimoche: Rio Pimoche. Bahía de. 195 Pico Alto (Cerro Facio). 65 . 208 . 113 Pierpont Morgan Library. Free Library of. Mexico. Pescadores (Grupo de Pescadores). El Salvador. 74 n. USA. Rio Picoaza (Rio Jipijapa). 137 . 267 . 155 . Colombia. Peru. Panama. Peru. Peru. 65 Petit Goâve. 218 Pichicui. Ecuador. Ecuador. Rio de Piedras (Rio Piedra). Morro de Petaplan. 89 Pescadores: Ffarellones de los Pescadores.doc. 171 Picoaza: Picoaza. 273 Pilar. 191 Petacalco. Peru. 154 . 269 -71. Mexico. Peru Current. New York. See Chametla Peruvian balsam. Sir Thomas. 32 Physeter catodon . 273 Phips. 153 Picos de Ananas.chunk. Rio de los Piles. 87 . 250 n Piazi. Pescadores. 262 Phillipps. Chile. 14 Pérula. Mexico. Ecuador. Chile. Punta. 121 Pica. Mexico. http://publishing. 269 . captain.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.cdlib. Haiti. 125 Philadelphia. Panama. 152 n.

201 Pisqueria de Don Garcia. 19 . 29 . Punta. 110 n Plantan Island. Peru. 69 Pissaqua. 216 Pisura. 128 Plata. Peru. 165 . City of Piura. 153 n. Colombia. 165 . 200 -202. 159 . Isla de la (Isle of Plate. 217 Pisco: Pisco. 139 . Ecuador. Chile.doc. Isle. Panama. Panama. Isleta. 23 Platanel. Peru. 165 Piura: San Miguel de Piura. Peru. Ecuador. 131 http://publishing. Sir Francis Drake's Isle). Peru. 53 Pinta. Panama. Galapagos. Pta. 129 Pinas. 137 . 27 -28. Peru. 254 n Pinto. 259 Pintail duck. 49 . 151 . 159 Pizarro.chunk. Rio de Pisagua. 14 . boot-topping at. Costa Rica. Yas (Roca Negra). Pta de (Point Pinos).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Galapagos. Ensenada. 111 Platania. Panama.A Buccaneer's Atlas St Juan de Pimoche (Pimocha). 132 . 61 Pinzón. Caleta La Cruz de. Mexico. 154 . 9 . 189 Playa Honda. 30 n. Peru. refit at. 193 ― 306 ― Plantain. 133 Pinos. 259 Piracy trial. 9 Piru. 217 . Spanish explorer. Piura. 13 . 283 -85 Piragua. 152 . 162 . Francisco.cdlib. Chile. 164 . Mexico. Diego (Punta Sabanas). Rio Pisco. Peru. See Peru Pisagua: Bahía de Pisagua.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 165 Pizarro. Puerto de (Bahía Piñas). 131 Playa Grande. 128 Plantan Key.id=0. Chile. 157 Piña de D. Isla. Peru. Panama. 18 . Rio Piura. USA.

196 Point Pinos.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 240 Polar Sea. Mexico.chunk. Peru. Peru. 178 Port of Chincha. 196 Port of Casma. Panama. Marco. 117 Porcada. Peru. 54 . See Manzanillo Port de Velas. 198 Port of Chule. Rio. Pta de la Concession.doc. 53 . 51 . 60 . 37 Polo. 54 . Pta de La Concepsion. Panama. USA. 52 Point Arena. Peru. 265 Point San Luis. Peru. 54 Point of Chilca. 143 Población de Barranca. Peru.A Buccaneer's Atlas Plums. Chile. 51 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.id=0. Costa Rica. 53 . 206 Port of Caldera. Italian explorer. 49 Pole-star observations. Chile. 31 Poblacíon de Atacames. USA. Pta (Punta Mita). 54 . USA. 49 . 106 Port of Canete. 172 http://publishing. Mexico. Panama. 74 Port of Ariquipa. 210 Plymouth. 53 Point Talcaguana. England. Ecuador. 115 Port de Quintico. P. 210 Port of Guanchaco. USA. USA. 115 Pordoma (Isla de Porcada). Peru. 87 Port of Acapulco. 61 Ponuga. USA. 49 Ponteque. Point Conception-USA.cdlib. USA. Devon. 102 Port of Acahutla (Acajutla). See Reyes Point Saint George. 236 Port De Supan. USA. El Salvador. 49 Point Reyes. 185 Point Año Nuevo. de la Conversion. See Acapulco Port of Angells. Costa Rica. 27 . 51 . Peru. 56 n Point Conception: Consessession. USA. Isla de.

262 . Bolivia. Costa Rica. 180 . 210 Port of La Consession. 3 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 162 Port of Quintico. Chile. Edward. buccaneer. Portobelo. Chile. 194 n Portsmouth. 102 Port of Vermexo. 186 Port of Guarmey. Mexico. 31 . 236 Port of Vela. 234 Port of La Purification. 224 Port of Vellas. El (Rio Portete). English captain. 220 Port of Pacasmayo. Chile. menziesii. Peru. 210 n Prunus persica . Cerro. 232 Port of Topocalma. 268 Prieto de Guañape. 84 Port of Hilay. 26 Privateers Rock (Isla Española). 184 Port of Tongoi. 259 Prunus domestica . Nicaragua. Portovelo. 96 Port of Morro Moreno. 177 Privateer's commission. Hampshire. 60 Porteen. 26 . Peru. 234 Port of San Juan. 182 Port of Guasco. Peru. Peru. 27 Portete. Mexico. 50 n http://publishing. Peru. 52 n. 210 n Pseudotsuga. 13 .cdlib. 182 Porte of St Jago. Guatemala. 214 Potosy. 204 Port of Santa. 175 . Peru. 60 Port of Lanasca. Peru. Panama. Ecuador. Chile.chunk. 204 . 230 Port of Guatemala. 214 Povey. Galapagos. Peru. 176 Port of Supe. 27 Portuguese. Peru.doc. taxifolia . 170 Port of Paita. 27 .id=0. 66 n. 240 Port of La Ligua. Porto Bello. Chile.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 145 Porto Bello. England. 114 n Potosí. Robert. Chile. Bolivia. Chile.A Buccaneer's Atlas Port of Guara. Chile. 206 Port of Martin Lopez. Peru. Peru.

Peru. 56 n Pta Burica (Punta Burica). 76 Pta Baja (Point Arena). 211 Pta Coles. Chile. 155 Pta de Bay. Ecuador. 110 . 101 Psittaciformes. Mexico. 129 Pta de Alcatraces (Punta Alcatras). 213 Pta de Cosivina (Punta Coseguina). 243 http://publishing. 149 Pt Meriato. 100 . Panama. 173 Pta de Caxaoma. 195 Pta de Cocos (Punta de Cocos). 195 Pta Ayutla. 137 Pta de Ayutla (Punta Ayuta). Ecuador. 238 . Peru. 111 . 131 Pta de Cote. 102 Pta Cherrippe (Punta Cherrepe). 235 Pta Corenzo. Colombia. 153 Pta de Godoy (Morro Amortajado). 165 Pta de la Arena.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 171 Pta Chilay (Punta Islay). 247 . 249 Pta de Arena. Costa Rica-Panama. 156 Pta de la Bapi (Punta Lavapié). Peru. 126 n Pt di Cama (Punta de Jaramijo). Panama.cdlib. Peru. 75 Pta de Balsas. 129 Pta de Cao. Nicaragua. Ecuador.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 118 Pta Arena: Pta Arena (Punta Arena). 247 Pta de Gramandell (Punta Jaguey). Chile. Panama. Peru. 156 Pta de Buron. Ecuador. 118 Pta Catalina. 237 Pta de Chame (Punta Chamé). Chile. 93 Pta de Cullo (Punta de Callo). Peru. Costa Rica. Argentina. Chile. 155 . 213 Pta Concon (Punta Concon). Peru. Ecuador. 239 Pta de La Aguja.chunk. Chile. Pta Arena (Punta Arenas). Ecuador. 123 -25 Pta de Chilca (Punta de Chilca). 51 . 246 . Panama. Chile. Ecuador.doc. Panama. USA. Mexico. 185 Pta de Humos (Punta La Vieja).id=0. 255 Pta Asia (Punta Malpaso de Asia). Peru. 155 Pta de Ancud (Punta Corona). Peru.A Buccaneer's Atlas Psittacidae.

Chile. 243 Pta de Tisira (Punta Duartes). 237 Pta del Aguja (Punta Aguja). Panama. 159 Pta de Palmare (Punta Arenas). 154 Pta de Talcaguano (Punta Tumbes). Peru. 155 Pta de Pinos (Point Pinos). Panama. 51 . Pta Galera (Punta Galera). USA. Panama. 153 Pta Españiol (Punta Buenos Aires).id=0. Chile. 233 Pta de licas (Punta Lisa). 155 Pta de Moro (Punta Malpelo). 245 -47. 121 Pta de los Remedios (Punta Remedios).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Peru. Chile. Panama.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Pta Galera (Punta Lachay). 43 . 187 . 141 Pta de Mero (Punta Malpelo). 155 Pta Filipina (Punta Brava). 52 Pta di Cullo. 155 . Ecuador. 127 Pta de Piedras (Punta de Piedra). 70 . Chile. Peru. Costa Rica. 107 Pta de Parina. Pta Galera (Punta Galera). 188 . See Point Conception Pta de la Conversion. 247 Pta de Sta Catalina (Cabo Santa Elena). Mexico. 160 Pta de Patina (Punta Patiño). 49 . 132 . 155 http://publishing. 133 Pta Gorda (Punta Gorda). Ecuador. Ecuador. Ecuador. See Point Conception Pta de la Concession. See Santa Barbara Pta de la Vallena (Punta Pichicui).doc. Costa Rica. 241 Pta de Tirno (Punta Tucapel). Ecuador. Panama.chunk. 117 Pta Galera: Pta Galera. 169 Pta del Año Nuebo (Point Año Nuevo). Ecuador. Chile. Chile. 129 Pta Gorde. 103 Pta de Sta Hellena. El Salvador. Panama. 143 . 87 Pta de los Reyes. 167 . 69 . Peru. See Reyes Pta de Manglares. See Reyes Pta de los Reys.A Buccaneer's Atlas Pta de la Concepsion. 117 Pta de Topocalma (Punta Topocalma). 145 . Peru. 140 . 189 Pta Garachina (Punta Garachiné). USA. 53 Pta de San Pedro (Punta San Pedro). Colombia. 72 .cdlib. 160 Pta de Miel. Ecuador. 129 .

Panama. Peru. Panama. 129 Pta Pisura. (Punta Mangle). 117 -19 Pta Niebla. Panama. See Remedios Pueblo de Huarmey. 245 Pta Palmares (Punta Platanel). Panama. 141 . 131 . Peru. 129 Pta Mala (Punta Mala). 109 .id=0. Mexico. 74 n Puebla Nucho. Panama. Peru.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.chunk. Mexico. 111 Pta Mala (Cabo Mala). Panama. Mexico. Panama. Panama. England.cdlib. 267 Pucusana. 115 Puebla Nueva. Quebrada del. Chile. 61 Pto Gordo. 61 Pta Quedal (Punta Quillagua). Chile. 197 Pta Higuira (Punta Guánico). 162 . 60 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Nicaragua. 127 Pta Meriato (Punta Meriato). 183 Puercos Puercos (Isla de Puercos). Puercos. 246 . 95 Pto de Matanchel (Ensenada Matenchén). 118 . Chile. 195 Puebla. Caleta. 108 . Chile. 247 Pta Quilan (Cabo Quilan). Costa Rica. 213 Pta Lorenzo (Punta San Lerenzo). 249 Pta Sa Bernard (Punta Casajal). 155 Pta San Lorenzo. Peru. 155 ― 307 ― Pto de Limones (La Boca de Los Espinos). Colombia. 119 Pta Hilo (Pta Coles). 245 Public Record Office. 235 http://publishing. Peru. 128 Pta Sta Catalina (Cabo Santa Elena). 111 Pta Parina (Punta de Pariñas). Mexico. Costa Rica. Panama. Panama. 127 . Costa Rica. Ecuador. Morro (Punta Morro de Puercos). 119 Puerte de Lansado (Punta Gasparino). Ecuador. 165 Pta Ponteque (Punta Mita). 59 Puerto. 163 Pta Patina (Punta Patiño). Panama. Panama. 101 Pta Sta Helen (Punta Santa Elena). 153 . Peru. 113 Pto de Martin Lopez (Estero Padre Ramos).doc. Chile. 118 -21 Pta Manglares. London.A Buccaneer's Atlas Pta Herball.

Peru. Peru.A Buccaneer's Atlas Puerto Angel.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Peru. Peru. Panama. Peru. Peru.doc. 71 Puerto de Los Chinos (Caleta Los Chinos). Colombia. Peru. 85 Puerto de La Baranca. Ecuador. 97 Puerto de Laqui. 181 Puerto de Celagua. 71 Puerto Bermejo (Manache). 253 Puerto de Istapa. 242 . Chile. Peru. 183 Puerto Chañaral dc las Ánimas. 207 Puerto tic Chao. 195 Puerto de Corall. 179 Puerto de Guanchaco.cdlib. Chile. 245 Puerto de Cucao (Bahía Cucao). See Acapulco Puerto de Anton tic Rodas (Bahía de Ancón). Ecuador. 197 Puerto de Chala (Puerto de Chala). See Manzanillo Puerto de Cerro Azul. 73 Puerto de Hernando Gallego. Mexico. Chile. 133 Puerto de Carnero (Bahía Carnero). Peru. 133 Puerto Darien. Chile. Chile. Peru. Peru. 183 Puerto de Guasco (Puerto Huasco). Mexico. 246 Puerto de Los Angelos (Puerto Angel). Peru.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 189 Puerto de Arica (Bahía Arica). 225 Puerto Chuelo (Salaverry). 233 Puerto tic Ira Posesión. 243 Puerto de Casma. 181 http://publishing. 197 Puerto de Caricoles. 155 Puerto de Dievelez (Eloy Alfaro). 143 Puerto de La Ligua (Caleta Ligua). 244 Puerto de Corral. 155 Puerto de Guanbacho (Bahía de Somanco). 173 Puerto de Guarmey (Bahía Huarmey). 215 Puerto de Canete (Puerto de Cerro Azul).chunk. Chile. Panama. Chile. 249 Puerto de Da. Chile. Guatemala. 129 Puerto de Acapulco. 177 Puerto de Chilca. 227 Puerto de Guatulco (Puerto Guatulco). Chile. Nicaragua. Mexico. Peru. 175 Puerto Claro (Bahía Cupia). 185 Puerto de La Galera (Bahía de Atacames).id=0. Ecuador. Chile. Peru.

id=0. 223 Puerto de Navidad: Puerto de Navidad (Barra de Navidad). 234 Puerto del Marques. Chile. Chile. El Salvador. 63 . 101 http://publishing. Chile. 133 Puerto San Juan del Sur. 107 Puerto Huasco. 101 Puerto St Juan (Puerto San Juan del Sur). 253 . 163 Puerto de Papudo (Puerto Papudo). 246 Puerto del Governador (Bahía Conchalí). 252 n. Chile. 245 Puerto de Zuela. 133 Puerto de Quintero (Bahía Quintero). Chile. Costa Rica. Puerto de Navidad. 53 Puerto de Solon. Chile. Mexico.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Panama. Peru. 53 Puerto de Morro Moreno (Bahía Moreno). 24 . Costa Rica. 239 Puerto de Paita. Chile. Costa Rica. 233 Puerto de Paraca (Bahía de Paracas). Chile. Chile. Peru. 132 . 159 Puerto Marqués. Colombia. 117 Puerto del Engles.doc. See Marques Puerto del Marquese. See Marques Puerto Morales (English Gulf. Costa Rica. 132 . Chile. 237 Puerto de San Diego (San Diego Bay). Fortunate Harbour). Chile. USA. See Manzanillo Puerto de Valparaiso (Bahía Valparaíso). 201 Puerto de Pinas (Bahía Piñas).cdlib. USA. 205 Puerto de San Vicente (Bahía San Vicente). 55 Puerto de San Juan (Bahía San Juan). USA. 107 Puerto de St Jago. Peru. 253 n.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . See Farallon Puerto de Supan. See Marques Puerto El Triunfo. 233 Puerto de San Anton. 225 Puerto de Zettrall (Coral). Chile.A Buccaneer's Atlas Puerto de Monte Rey (Estero Bay). 259 n Puerto Quemado (Bahía Octavia). Mexico. 241 Puerto de Sardinas (Point San Luis). Peru. 233 Puerto del Governadour.chunk. 205 Puerto de San Nicolas (Bahía San Nicolás). Chile. 91 Puerto Escondido (Bahía Escondido). Colombia. Peru. 227 Puerto Mancora. 235 Puerto de Velas (Bahía Isla Blanca). 71 Puerto Herradura. Chile. El.

214 . 69 Punta Aguja. Ecuador. Colombia. Panama. 121 Puna.cdlib. Costa Rica. 155 Punta Arena. 167 . 129 Punta Buenos Aires. Ecuador. 157 Puiblo de Supe (Supé).doc. Chile. Ecuador. 117 Punta Buena Vista. La (Isla Puná). Panama 113 Puiblo de Chilintomo (Baquerizo Moreno). 155 . Panama. Morro del. 185 Puiblo Nuebo (Remedios). Mexico.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 116 Puiblo Viejo (Playa Honda). 112 Punta Caracoles. 111 . 75 Punta Banda.chunk. Costa Rica. 133 Punta Carnero.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 155 Punta Arenas: Punta Arenas. Panama. Ecuador. Peru. Peru. Panama. Mexico. Peru. Rio del (Rio Purío).A Buccaneer's Atlas Puerto Tambo de Mora. Mexico. Panama. 135 Puerto Vallarta. 166 . Punta Arenas.id=0. Chile. 229 . Ecuador. 155 Punta Burica. 56 n Punta Blanco. Peru. Peru. 114 . 155 Punta Carquín. 111 Punta Brava. 214 n Punta Acamama. Chile. Panama. Peru. 158 Punio (Puno). Argentina. 157 Puiblo de San Pedio de Baba (Samborondón). 115 Puiblo Daule (Pascuales). 61 Puerto Yngles (Bahía de Ancud). Ecuador. Costa Rica. 157 Puiblo de Cheriqui (Chiriquí). 255 . 249 Puertos de Velos (Golfo de Papagayo). Ecuador. 214 n Puno. 169 Punta Alcatras. Panama. 115 Puiblo Nuibo. Costa Rica-Panama. Ecuador. 103 Puibla de La Serena (La Serena). 247 . 107 Punta Ayoyero. river. 131 Puin. Peru. Panama. 187 http://publishing. 198 . 163 Punta Ayuta. 219 Puerto Utría. Mexico. 199 Puerto Tocopilla. 232 Puiblo.

Chile. Peru. Panama.chunk. Peru. 235 Punta Cornejo. 251 Punta Garachiné. 75 Punta Chorillos. 211 http://publishing. 100 n Punta Chala. See Farallon Punta Galera: Punta Galera. 143 . 248 Punta Delicada. Panama. Mexico. 59 Punta Gorda. 155 Punta de Quillan. 213 Punta Concon. 181 Puma Chipeque. Panama. Nicaragua. Peru. 131 Punta de Jaramijo. 67 Punta Grita Lobos. Peru. 129 . Panama. Peru. 93 Punta de Callo. 105 Punta Islay. 133 Punta Gasparino. 249 Punta Coseguina. 155 Punta Catalina (Cabo Santa Elena). 84 Punta de Pariñas. Peru. 161 Punta de Piedra. 195 Punta de Cocos. 131 Punta Grifo. Mexico. Costa Rica. 69 Punta Gallegos.doc. Peru. 123 Punta Cherrepe.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 171 Punta Chinos (Punta Samanco).id=0. Ecuador. 57 Punta Farallón. Punta Galera. Costa Rica.A Buccaneer's Atlas Punta Casajal. Panama. 119 Punta Guionos. Ecuador. Mexico. Chile. 243 Punta Doña María. 129 .cdlib. 153 Punta de Chilca. Peru. Peru. Guatemala. Peru. Mexico.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 246 . Mexico. 149 Punta de los remedios. 207 Punta Chamé. 117 Punta Eugenia. 203 Punta Duartes. Chile. Ecuador. Ecuador. Chile. 211 Punta Corona. Panama. Chile. 189 Punta Guánico. Ecuador.

See Marques Punta Meriato. Chile. Chile. Panama. El Salvador. Chile. 243 Punta Tumbes. 247 Punta Santa Elena. Mexico. Colombia. 119 Punta Olleros. Chile. 237 Punta Tucapel.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Peru.cdlib. Peru. Panama. Peru. 129 Punta San Pedro.A Buccaneer's Atlas Punta Jaguey. Costa Rica. 187 Punta Las Zorras. 183 Punta Morro de Puercos. 185 Punta Lava Lava. 117 Punta Mita. 203 Punta Patiño. Peru. Panama. Peru.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 151 . 129 Punta Pichicui. El Salvador. 243 http://publishing. 60 . 111 Punta Remedios. 109 . 195 Punta Malpelo. 233 Punta Platanel. 121 Punta Mala. 241 Punta Zacate. Panama. 185 Punta La Vieja.id=0. 129 Punta Samanco. 135 Punta San Lorenzo. Peru. Isla. 119 Punta Marinao. 131 Punta Lavapié. Chile. 87 Punta Sabanas. Chile.chunk. 241 Punta Marqués. 111 Punta Malpaso de Asia. 155 Punta Topocalma. 243 Punta Lisa. Chile. 127 Punta Mariato. Ecuador. Peru. 159 Punta Manglares. 239 Punta Lachay. Colombia. Panama. 93 Punto Labapi. Chile. Panama. Panama. Chile. Peru. 141 ― 308 ― Punta Mangle. Panama.doc. 155 . 61 Punta Mongoncillo. Costa Rica. Panama. 181 Punta San Francisco Solano.

269 . Puerto Quemado (Bahía Octavia).doc. 109 Quiblo Island. 249 Quilca.chunk. Panama. Panama. Rio de.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 267 . 241 Quilan.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Chile. 211 Quebrada Corredó. 157 http://publishing. 217 Quebrada del Puerto. Peru. 243 Queypo. Colombia. 247 Quemado: Morro Quemado. Chile. 270 . 121 Purro. 129 Quedal. 129 Quebrada de Topara. Panama. 127 Quebrada de Talique. 246 . Chile. Pta (Cabo Quilan). 133 Quenac. Isla. booksellers. 132 . 171 Quebrada (Rio Sambú). Pta (Punta Quillagua).cdlib. Panama. Mensabe (Rio Mensabeé). 242 . Chile. Peru. Peru. Panama. See Coiba Island Quicarra (Isla Jicarón). El Salvador. Panama. 129 Quebrada Cornejo. 249 Queny (Isla Quenac). 249 Queule: Queule. 210 n Q Quadrant. 235 Quebrada Elias. Rocks of (Islas de Los Quepos). Chile. 30 . Chile. Panama. 115 Quiebra Olas. 238 . 235 Quebrada Teteral. 121 Pyrus communis . 273 Quebrada. 244 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Purío.id=0. 129 Quebrada de Juan Sape. Panama. 235 Quebrada La Guiena. 237 Quebrada de Vitor. Chile. Chile. Panama. 36 . Roca. Chile. Chile. See also Davis quadrant Quantepeque. 131 Quebrada los Bueys. 93 Quartich. Rio. 202 . Costa Rica. 199 Quebrada de Valloa. Panama. Ecuador. 239 Quebrada de Mar. Peru. Panama. Chile. 129 Quebrada de Lora. Chile. Chile. Queule (Rio Queule).

Panama. 93 . 97 Realexo. 251 Raymond. 246 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 131 Rancheria (Isla Ranchería). Mister. Galapagos. Chile. Port de. 236 Quiribibi. 233 Quintico. Chile. Rio. 49 R Rabida. 241 Quito. Chile. Rio de. 29 Realejo (El Realejo). 258 n. 28 n.chunk. 115 Rapaosa. 259 Redwood. Puerto de (Bahía Quintero).doc. 131 Quinchao (Isla Quinchao). Colina. 249 Quintero. Chile. Peru. El Salvador. Colombia. Chile. Colombia. 207 Quinal. 248 Quillote. 119 Quiriquina. Remedios (Puebla Nueva). 87 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Quillan. Baya de. Nicaragua. Panama. Punta de.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 237 Raper. 50 n Remedios: attacked. 158 . 249 Quince. Colombia. Isla de. 284 Ramos: Estero Padre Ramos. privateer. 235 Quilquay. 114 -15 Requande (Rio Iscuande). 251 Raines. of Westminster. Nicaragua. Quivera o Nueba Granada. 139 Revenge . Nicaragua. Peru. 212 Quivera. 30 n. 49 Quivira. Chile. 137 "Red. Pta de los Remedios (Punta Remedios).cdlib. Cabo. Isla. 96 . Panama. Ecuador. 240 . 183 Redondo (Roca Redondo). 266 http://publishing. 259 Rabudos. Galapagos. Gaspar Ramos (Isla Bayoneta). 234 . 137 Rapel.id=0. Chile. Panama. 98 Realezo. Chile. Caleta." 41 Redonda. Chile. Rio de (Rio Rapel). Sir Richard. Chile. 11 .

49 Rey: Cividad del Rey. 245 . 41 -44. 6 . Basil. 30 . on the voyage. Volcán. 49 . 262 . 125 Rio Aconcagua. 155 . published.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 41 . his charts. 17 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Revilla. Colombia. VII. 29 . 51 . 32 . 235 Rio Amarales. 157 . 61 . Isla del Rey. and Simon.cdlib. his subsequent career. 15 . Richard Jr. 7 . 30 . frigate. 38 . 25 Rimac. 1 .doc. 193 .chunk. 245 http://publishing. 32 . 4 -26 passim . 193 Rincón de La Vieja. his skill at languages. 255 . 30 . 56 n. Pta de los Reyes. 29 . his waggoner. El Salvador. Mexico. his family and early life. 28 -29. Point. 52 Reyes: Baya de Los Reyes (Boca de Canales). 130 . 46 -259. 267 . 20 . Peru. Rio. Del Rey. Isla dell Rey. 72 n. Richard and Mary. 27 . 17 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Chile. Chile. 39 -44. 264 -65. 14 . 24 n. 30 . Obraje del Rey. 11 . 7 . 27 . 3 . 30 Ringrose. 262 . 258 n. 101 Ringrose. his navigation. Ecuador. Panama. Chile. 29 . 268 . 36 . buccaneer and journalist: charts and text printed here. Islas. Peru. vii -viii. Ecuador. Isla del Rey. his journal. 49 . 36 . Panama. his education. 131 . vii -viii.id=0. 87 . tribute by Dampier. described. 139 Rio Anin.. his astronomical observations. reaches England. Costa Rica. Pta de los Reys. Gigedo. USA. 51 Rhizophora mangle . Civdad de Los Reyes (Lima). USA. USA. Chile. 253 . Reyes. Chile. 28 Rio Abajo. 127 Richmond .

155 Rio Banbo (Quebrada Corredó). Peru. Panama. 131 Rio Bío Bío.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 247 Rio Calle Calle. 73 Rio Chagui.id=0. Costa Rica. Panama. 113 Rio Chicama (Rio Chicama). Mexico. Panama. 73 Rio Capulita. Mexico. Peru. 129 Rio Botrero. 207 Rio Ayuta. 185 Rio Baudo. 157 Rio Baja. 129 Rio Barranca (Rio Pativilon). 129 http://publishing. Panama. 246 . Panama. 123 . Peru. Panama. 131 Rio Chepo.doc. Colombia. Mexico. 117 Rio Bogotes (Rio Baudo). Panama. Panama. 119 Rio Canete. 241 Rio Biobio. Panama. Panama. 75 Rio Babahoyo. 115 Rio Bocubi. 245 Rio Caluca (Rio Tayuta). 121 Rio Chico (Rio Abajo). 197 Rio Capolito (Rio Capulita). 127 Rio Cheriqui (Rio Chiriquí). Chile. Panama. 73 Rio Camarones. 115 Rio Bermejo (Rio San Juan). Peru. Chile. Ecuador. 173 Rio Chico de Nata (Rio Chico).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 115 Rio Baleo (Rio Baleo Grande). Ecuador. 139 Rio Chancay. Colombia. Chile. 189 Rio Chapo (Rio Chepo).cdlib. Mexico.A Buccaneer's Atlas Rio Atequipa. Panama. 137 Rio Bona Vista (Punta Buena Vista). 127 Rio Chepillo. 107 Rio Canamazo. 131 Rio Cayula (Rio Coyula).chunk. Panama. Costa Rica. Peru. 107 Rio Cañas (Rio de Caña). 137 Rio Beaba. 238 n. 125 . Panama. Panama. Panama. Mexico. Colombia. 217 Rio Campele (Rio San Pedro). 73 Rio Casique (Rio de Cacique). Chile. 125 Rio Buino (Rio Bueno).

Chile. 227 Rio Coyula.cdlib. 131 Rio Chucunaque. Peru. Costa Rica. 71 Rio de Anton (Rio Antón). Panama. 73 Rio Cruces. Chile. 121 Rio Curay. 245 Rio de Baba (Rio Los Tintos). 199 Rio Chira. Panama. Peru.A Buccaneer's Atlas Rio Chile. Chile. 163 Rio Chiriquí.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Panama.id=0.chunk. 107 Rio de Benados (Rio Venado). Ecuador. 115 Rio de Bique (Rio Botrero). Panama. Mexico.doc. Colombia. Panama. 157 Rio de Agua duce (Rio Sicatela). 113 Rio Chorrera. Ecuador. 129 Rio de Baranca (Rio de Barranca). Peru. Chile. Panama. Panama. Ecuador. Costa Rica. 163 Rio Colotepec. 145 Rio Colan (Rio Chira). 107 Rio de Barranca.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Panama. Peru. 123 Rio Chuche. 131 http://publishing. Ecuador. 129 Rio Copiapo. Mexico. 235 Rio Congo. 113 Rio Chiriquí Viejo. Panama. 157 Rio de Balsas (Rio Balsas o Tucuti). 235 Rio Chillón. 245 Rio Cojimies. 189 Rio Chiman. 157 Rio Chincha. Ecuador. Mexico. Panama. 123 Rio de Asilla. 155 Rio de Cacique. Chile. Chile. 127 Rio Chimbo. 71 Rio Concon (Rio Aconcagua). Panama. 139 Rio Daule. Panama. Panama. Panama. 245 Rio Cubita (Rio de La Villa). 125 ― 309 ― Rio de Boli. 125 Rio de Bequi. 129 Rio Claro.

Costa Rica. 213 Rio de la Dispenca. 137 http://publishing. Panama. Chile. 117 Rio de Guambramayo. Colombia. Panama. 90 . Panama. 121 Rio de Lempa (Rio Lempa). 104 Rio de la Dispenca del Rey. Panama. 109 Rio de la Gartas (Rio Lagarto). 199 Rio de los Noanamas (Rio San Juan). 215 Rio de la Barranca. 107 Rio de Cartago (Rio Grande). Peru. 129 Rio de Janeiro. 123 Rio de La Villa. Costa Rica. Brazil. Peru. Mexico. Ecuador. 157 Rio de Chincha. 123 Rio de Chone. Panama. Panama. 199 Rio de Indios (Puerto Darien). 107 Rio de la Estancia (Rio Estancia). 198 Rio de Chiriqui Vejo (Rio Chirlquí Viejo). Ecuador. 137 Rio de La Camba. Peru. Peru. 119 Rio de Cedros (Rio Mícay). Ecuador.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Peru. Panama. 214 Rio de la Camba (Rio Locumba). 219 Rio de Lorinchincha. Peru. 143 Rio de Ffarellones (Rio Farallón). 77 Rio de Filipina. Panama. Panama. 108 . Colombia. 198 . Panama. Peru. 147 Rio de Esmeraldes. Costa Rica. 119 Rio de Cañas (Rio Canamazo). El Salvador. Peru. 139 Rio de Chame (Rio Chamé). 123 Rio de Ffequantepeque (Rio Tehuantepec). 91 Rio de Lima (Rio Rimac).id=0.A Buccaneer's Atlas Rio de Caña. 123 Rio de Chilca. Panama. 171 Rio de Juan Diaz (Rio Lluta). 125 Rio de la Gartos (Rio Lagarto). 107 Rio de Cascajales. Peru.doc. Costa Rica. 184 Rio de la Buina Ventura (Rio Buenaventura). Peru. 113 Rio de Chiru (Rio Hato).chunk.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Colombia. Panama. 25 Rio de Jequetepeque. Costa Rica. 195 Rio de Chilintomo (Rio Jujan). 123 Rio de la Estrella (Rio Viejo). 193 Rio de Loa.

chunk. Peru. 141 Rio de Suay (Rio Suay). Colombia. Panama. Colombia. 194 . 115 Rio de Vitor. Panama. 216 Rio de Yaguache (Rio Chimbo). Mexico. 238 . Chile. 71 Rio de Maule (Rio Maule). 237 Rio de Mira (Rio Mira). Chile. Ecuador. Costa Rica. Ecuador. 87 Rio de St Jago (Rio Santiago). Peru. El Salvador. 139 Rio de Topara. 69 Rio de Nra Snra. 175 Rio de Tucapel (Rio Lebu). 69 Rio de Tilimbi. 117 Rio de Taclamama. 199 Rio de Truhilio (Rio Moche). 79 Rio de Sonsonate (Rio Grande de Sonsonate). El Salvador. Mexico. Mexico. Chile. 139 Rio tie Mandayare (Rio Morote). Peru. Mexico. 145 Rio de San Miguel (Rio Grande de San Miguel). 215 . 75 Rio de Soconusco. 177 Rio de Simatlan (Rio Ayuta). Mexico.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 119 Rio (to Pachacama.id=0. Colombia. Peru. Peru. 137 Rio de Maldu (Rio Chagui). Colombia. 157 Rio de Rabudos. 217 Rio de Quilca. Panama. 113 Rio de Pisagua. Chile. Chile. 137 Rio de Piedras (Rio Piedra). Peru. Colombia. 62 Rio de Sama: Rio de Sama.cdlib. Nicaragua. 239 Rio de Maypo (Rio Maipo). 97 Rio de Oria (Rio Oria). Chile.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Chile. 157 http://publishing. 251 Rio de Rapel (Rio Rapel). Ecuador. Mexico. Panama. Ecuador.doc. Rio de Sama (Rio Jama). Colombia. 237 Rio de Sacatuli. 171 Rio de Sandio.A Buccaneer's Atlas Rio de los Piles. 195 Rio de Pagua. 107 Rio de Masias (Rio Colotepec). 243 Rio de Virallo. 139 Rio de Naguala (Rio Papagayo). 134 Rio de Santa (Rio Santa). 91 Rio de Saña (Rio Zana).

Panama. 113 Rio Gorgon. 121 Rio Estata. 121 Rio Guayas. Colombia. Mexico. 113 Rio Fonseca. 85 Rio Escovio (Rio Santa Maria).A Buccaneer's Atlas Rio de Yca (Rio Ica).doc. Mexico. 30 . 99 Rio Elquí Chile. Panama. 177 Rio Guararé. 113 Rio Fortaleza. 239 Rio del Cobre. Rio Grande de Sonsonate. Panama.cdlib. 197 http://publishing. 71 . 113 Rio del Piazi (Rio Pedasí). Argentina. Mexico. 61 . Mexico. Panama. Peru. Peru. Panama. 107 . 106 Rio del Torio (Rio Torio). Rio Grande de Santiago. 72 . 71 . Panama. Panama. 185 Rio Galera (Rio Tonameca). 157 Rio Hato. 117 Rio del Tarapesque (Rio Tempisque). 73 Rio Gallego (Rio Gallegos). Chile. Panama. 75 Rio Farallón. 123 Rio Herball. Costa Rica. 107 Rio del Terpesque. Peru. 113 Rio Gariche. 229 Rio Esclavos. Nicaragua. 85 Rio Guanape (Rio Virú). Rio Grande de San Miguel. Panama. 121 Rio del Puin (Rio Purío). 121 Rio del Tabaraba. Peru.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Panama. Panama. 91 . Panama. 255 Rio Garache (Rio Gariche). Ecuador. 137 Rio Grande de Meta (Rio Grande). 203 Rio de Ytata (Rio Itata). Panama. Panama. 171 Rio Ffonsica (Rio Fonseca). 117 Rio El Tamarindo. 123 Rio Fequantepeque (Rio de Jequetepeque). Peru. El Salvador. 115 Rio del Dupi (Rio Dupí). El Salvador. 121 Rio Grande: Rio Grande. Rio Grande.id=0.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Costa Rica. Guatemala.chunk. Panama. 124 n. 125 . Panama.

75 Rio Masias. Panama. Chile. 214 Rio Jujan. 232 Rio Limón. 131 Rio Martinello (Rio Martín Grande). 139 Rio Itata. Peru. Peru. 213 Rio Honda. 121 http://publishing. 231 . Mexico. 183 Rio Huasco. 157 Rio La Maestra. Ecuador. Panama. 227 Rio Huaura. 125 . 127 Rio Huarmey. 243 Rio Iscuande. Ecuador. 241 Rio Las Guías.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .A Buccaneer's Atlas Rio Hilo (Rio Osmore). 215 Rio Locumba.doc. 155 Rio Maipo.id=0. 239 Rio Jama. 187 Rio Ica. 117 Rio Martín Pérez. 131 Rio Mensabé. Peru. 127 Rio Lanquen (Rio Valdivia).cdlib. Panama. Chile. 157 Rio Machala. Peru. Colombia. Panama.chunk. Panama. Chile. Panama. Chile. 235 Rio Mariquina (Rio Cruces). 117 Rio Masattlan. Peru. 127 . Peru. 243 Rio Limari. Ecuador. Ecuador. 237 Rio Marga Marga. Chile. 121 Rio Mendaño. 153 Rio Juan Diaz: Rio Juan Diaz. Chile. Rio Juan Diaz. Mexico. 213 Rio Los Tintos. 203 Rio Imperial. Peru.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Panama. Panama. Panama. Panama. 245 Rio Martín Grande. Chile. 127 Rio Lagarto. Chile. Panama. Panama. 131 Rio Lluta. Chile. 245 Rio Larquin. 72 Rio Membrillar. 123 Rio Lebu. 145 Rio Jipijapa. Chile. Ecuador.

137 Rio Pacora. 243 Rio Quiribibi. Peru. 129 Rio Sacatuli (Rio Zacatula). Costa Rica. Panama. 107 Rio Nexpa. Panama. 63 Rio Sajalices. Panama. Panama.chunk. Ecuador. 157 Rio Pisco. Mexico. Ecuador. 117 Rio Portete. Panama.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Chile. 121 Rio Penaga (Rio Ponuga). 139 Rio Mira. Peru. Mexico. 185 Rio Pedasí. 165 Rio Ponuga. 131 Rio Ostiones. 145 Rio Purío. 113 Rio Pimoche. El Salvador. Panama.A Buccaneer's Atlas Rio Meriato (Rio Morillo). 121 Rio Osmore. 125 Rio Picoaza (Rio Jipijapa). Panama.doc. Peru. Panama. Panama. 153 Rio Piedra.cdlib. Colombia. Colombia. 213 Rio Ostión. Panama. Ecuador. 139 Rio Moche.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Panama. 117 Rio Perequeté. 117 Rio Morote. Mexico. Peru. 69 Rio Oria (Rio Oria). Panama. Colombia. 139 Rio Sabana. Panama. 119 Rio Rimac. Peru. Panama. 69 Rio Papayall (Quebrada Teteral). 193 Rio Rosario. 127 Rio Pativilon. 129 Rio Parita. 121 Rio Pasiga. 175 Rio Molin. 117 Rio Monticalco de los Esclavos (Rio Esclavos). Panama. Panama.id=0. 127 Rio Papagayo. Colombia. Peru. Panama. 201 Rio Piura. 121 Rio Queule. 125 http://publishing. 117 Rio Mícay. Panama. 85 Rio Morillo.

215 Rio San Juan. Panama. Panama. 73 Rio Tehuantepec. Colombia. Ecuador. Panama.doc. 113 Rio San Francisco. El Salvador. 135 Rio Timbiqui. 245 Rio San Miguel (Rio Sabana). Panama. Mexico. Ecuador. 127 . El Salvador. 131 Rio San Jose. 77 Rio Tempisque. 87 . 113 Rio Sn Juan (Rio San Juan).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 73 Rio Tayuta. 113 Rio Sonsonate (Rio Grande de Sonsonate). Costa Rica. Chile. Panama. Mexico. 213 Rio Tanaje. 139 Rio Tangola. 129 ― 310 ― Rio San Felix. 107 Rio Tenguel. 113 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Rio Salada (Rio San Pedro). 71 Rio Sin Fundo. 139 Rio Tocumén. Panama. 135 Rio Santa Maria. 121 Rio Santiago. 251 Rio Sn Ffelis (Rio San Felix). El Salvador. Mexico. Nicaragua. Panama. Chile.chunk. Panama. 127 Rio Samadio. Colombia. 129 Rio Tambo. Panama. Colombia. 251 Rio Suay. Panama. Peru. Guatemala. 85 Rio Sama Cruz de Chinina. Panama. Chile.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 131 Rio San Martin. 127 http://publishing. 155 Rio Tibuga. 212 . Mexico. 137 . 97 Rio Sambú. 117 Rio Sucio. 85 . 87 Rio Salado (Rio San Pedro). 127 .cdlib. 141 Rio Sicatela.id=0. Costa Rica. Colombia. Panama. 85 Rio St Estervan (Estero San Esteban). Chile. 129 Rio San Pedro. Colombia. 107 Rio Sandio (Rio Tibuga).

A Buccaneer's Atlas

Rio Tolten, Chile, 243 . 245 Rio Tonameca, Mexico. 71 Rio Tongoi (Rio Tenguel). Ecuador. 155 Rio Tonguilon, Chile, 245 Rio Torio, Panama, 117 Rio Tornagaleones, Chile, 245 Rio Tosta (Rio El Tamarindo), Nicaragua, 98 . 99 Rio Tugueso (Rio Tuquesa), Panama, 129 Rio Tuira, Panama, 129 Rio Tunbes (Rio Tumbes). Peru, 155 , 159 Rio Tuquesa, Panama. 129 Rio Tuyra (Rio Tuira), Panama, 129 Rio Valdivia, Chile, 245 Rio Venado. Panama, 125 Rio Verde (Rio Atoyac), Mexico. 69 Rio Viejo, Costa Rica. 109 Rio Virú, Peru. 177 Rio Vitor, Peru, 211 Rio Ymperial (Rio Imperial), Chile. 243 Rio Zacatula, Mexico. 63 Rio Zana, Peru, 171 Rioqueva Guebala, Panama, 115 River Barranca, Peru, 184 River Buena Ventura, Colombia, 136 River Camarones, Chile, 216 River Guasaqualpo, Mexico, 78 River of Colan, Peru. 164 River of Guayaquil, Ecuador, 157 River of Imperiall, Chile, 242 River Saña. Peru. 170 River St Miguell. Panama. 130 Ro Alonde, Ecuador, 155 Ro Limon (Rio Limón). Panama, 131 Ro Mantaña (Canal de Matorrillos), Ecuador, 155 Ro Perez (Rio Sambú), Panama, 127 Ro Sahalizes (Rio Sajalices), Panama, 125 Robinson, C. L. F., 269 , 271 , 273

http://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j;chunk.id=0;doc.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48]

A Buccaneer's Atlas

Robinson Crusoe, Isla (Isla Más a Tierra), Chile, 257 Robinson Crusoe. See Defoe Roca Foca, Peru, 211 Roca Negra, Mexico, 61 Roca Partida, Isla, Mexico, 49 Roca Quiebra Olas, Chile, 241 Roca Redondo. Galapagos, 259 Rocas Apóstoles, Chile, 255 Rocca Partida (Isla Roca Partida), Mexico, 49 Rocks of Queypo (Islas de Los Quepos), Costa Rica, 109 Rodas, Puerto de Anton de (Bahía de Ancón), Peru, 189 Rodd, Thomas, bookseller, 269 , 273 Rodriquez, Isla (Isla Santay), Ecuador, 155 , 157 Roldan, Messa de, Nicaragua, 94 Roman, Cabo de San (Cabo Raper), Chile, 251 Ronquillo, Don Pedro, ambassador, 27 -28 Rooster, 131 Rosario , captured, 21 -22, 27 , 147 , 148 n, 152 n, 263 , 264 Rosario: Bahía Rosario, Mexico, 57 ; Rosario (Rio Rosario), Colombia, 139 Royal Fleet of Spain, 124 n Royal Society of London, Proceedings , 262 Rumbado. Volcan de (Volcán Pacaya), Guatemala, 83 Russ, Mister, of Westminster, 29

S
Sa Bernard, Pta (Punta Casajal), Ecuador, 155 Sa Guayervos (Isla Caballo), Costa Rica, 107 Sabana, Rio, Panama, 129 Sabanas, Punta, Panama, 129 Saboga (Isla Saboga), Panama, 131 Sacatapeque: Sacatapeque, Guatemala, 80 ; Volcan de Sacatapeque (Volcán Santa María), Guatemala, 81 Sacatelupa, Volcan de (Voleán Vicente), El Salvador, 89 , 90 Sacatepeque, Guatemala, 82 Sacatuli, Rio (Rio Zacatula), Mexico, 62 , 63 Saccharum officinarum , 228 n

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Sacraficio, Isla de (Isla de Sacrificios), Mexico, 73 , 74 Sahahzes, Rio (Rio Sajalices), Panama, 125 Saint Francis of Assisi, 135 Saint George, Point, USA, 49 , 51 Sajalices, Rio, Panama. 125 Sal, El, Ecuador, 153 Salada: Baya Salada, Chile, 228 ; Rio Salada (Rio San Pedro), El Salvador, 87 Salado: Bahía Salado, Chile, 227 ; Estero Salado, Ecuador, 155 ; Estero Salado (Estero Salado), Panama, 121 ; Rio Salado (Rio San Pedro), Guatemala, 85 Salango (Isla Salango), Ecuador, 153 , 154 Salaverry, Peru, 175 Salcatican (Salcoatitán), El Salvador, 86 , 87 Salcoatitán. El Salvador, 87 Salina Cruz, Bahía, Mexico, 75 Salinas: Cerro de Salinas (Cerro Sanú), Peru, 187 ; Las Salinas, Chile, 236 ; Las Salinas, Peru, 188 ; Las Salinas (Bahía Salina Cruz). Mexico, 75 ; Las Salinas (Punta Carnero). Ecuador, 155 ; Salinas, Mexico, 76 , 78 ; Salinas del Piloto, Mexico, 61 ; Salinas River. USA. 53 Sallada, Baya (Bahía Salado), Chile, 227 Salte de Buij, Ecuador, 155 Salvador: Isla San Salvador, Galapagos, 258 n, 259 ; Volcán Salvador, El Salvador, 89 Salvadore, El Salvador, 90 Sama: Morro de Sama, Peru, 214 , 215 ; Rio de Sama, Peru, 215 ; Rio de Sama (Rio Jama), Ecuador, 145 Samadio, Rio, Nicaragua, 97 Samanco, Punta, Peru, 181 Samborondón, Ecuador, 157 Sambo, 182

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A Buccaneer's Atlas

Sambú, Rio, Panama, 127 , 129 Samuria, Isla de, El Salvador, 91 San Agustín , Spanish vessel, 52 n San Andreas, Cabo de, Chile, 251 San Andres, Bahía, Chile, 251 San Andreus: Cape San Andreus, USA, 265 ; Cavo de San Andreus, USA, 49 San Anton, Puerto de, Chile, 237 San Antro, Bay of, Colombia, 134 San Barnabé, Bahía de, Mexico, 60 n San Bartholomeo, Cavo (Cabo San Bartolomé), Argentina, 255 San Bartolomé, Cabo, Argentina, 255 San Benedicto, Isla, Mexico. 49 San Bernardo, Cerro, Mexico, 79 San Blas, Mexico, 61 San Clemente Island, USA, 53 San Cristóbal: Cerro San Cristóbal, Peru, 187 , 193 ; Isla San Cristóbal, Galapagos, 259 San Diego: Puerto de San Diego (San Diego Bay), USA, 55 ; San Diego, USA, 56 n; San Diego Bay, USA, 55 San Dionisio, El Salvador, 91 San Essovall, Cerro de, Panama, 121 San Esteban, Estero, Chile, 251 San Estovan, Cavo de (Cabo Setabense), Argentina, 255 San Felix, Rio, Panama, 113 San Francisco: Barra de San Francisco, Mexico, 77 ; Cape San Francisco, Ecuador, 21 , 144 n, 145 -46; Rio San Francisco, Panama, 151 ; San Francisco Bay, USA, 51 , 74 n; San Francisco, USA, 56 n San Gallan: Isla San Gallán, Peru, 201 ; San Gallan, Peru, 214 San Gonsalo, Ysla de (Cabo, San Gonzalo), Argentina, 255 San Gonzalo, Cabo, Argentina, 255 San Jose: Banco San José, Panama, 131 ; Rio San Jose, Chile, 215

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A Buccaneer's Atlas

San Juan: Bahía San Juan. Peru, 205 ; Baya de San Juan (Bahía Tarn), Chile, 253 ; Enseñada le San Juan, Chile, 245 ; Port of San Juan, Peru, 204 ; Puerto de San Juan (Bahía San Juan), Peru, 205 ; Puerto San Juan del Sur, Costa Rica, 101 ; Rio San Juan, Colombia, 137 ; Rio San Juan, Panama, 113 , 131 San Juanito, Mexico, 61 San Lazaro, Baya de, Chile, 253 San Lorenzo: Cabo de San Lorenzo, Ecuador, 149 ; Pta San Lorenzo, Panama, 8 , 9 , 127 -28; Punta San Lorenzo, Panama, 129 San Lucas: Bahía San Lucas, Mexico, 59 , 60 n; Baya de San Barnabe (Bahía San Lucas), Mexico, 50 ; Cabo San Lucas, Mexico, 49 , 59 , 61 ; Cape San Lucas, Mexico, 56 n, 74 n; Cape St Lucas, Mexico, 60 ; Cavo de San Lucas, Mexico, 59 ; Cavo Sn Lucas, ― 311 ― Mexico, 49 ; Isla San Lucas, Costa Rica, 107 San Luis, Point, USA, 53 San Marcos, Island of, Mexico, 56 San Marcos, University of, Lima, Peru, 192 San Martin: Isla San Martin, USA, 49 ; Islands of San Martin, Mexico, 56 ; Rio San Martin, Chile, 245 ; San Martin, Chile, 253 ; Yslas de San Martin (Coronado Islands). Mexico, 55 San Mattco, Baya de (Bahía San Mateo), Ecuador, 143 San Miguel: Golfo San Miguel (Golfo de San Miguel), Panama, 127 ; Gulfe of San Miguel, Panama (Ballona), 3 -6, 10 , 19 . 30 , 126 , 127 , 128 , 130 n, 256 n; San Miguel, E1 Salvador, 67 . 91 ; San Miguel de Piura, Peru, 165 ;

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56 n San Salvador: Isla San Salvador. El Salvador. Mexico. Cavo. Peru. Isla San Sebastián. 85 . Panama. 91 San Valentine (Cabo Valentín). Pta de San Pedro (Punta San Pedro). Costa Rica. Chile. Isla. Mexico. Isla San Pedro. River Saña. 189 . Peru. Colombia. Rio de Saña (Rio Zana). Cerras. San Vicente de Cañete. Panama. Peru. 129 . Volcan de San Salvador (Volcán Salvador). 255 San Ynes. USA. Argentina. San Pedro Bay. Argentina. Estrecho de (Estrecho de Le Maire). 170 Sandio. 134 . Chile. 255 Sañ: Cividad de Saña (Zaña). 286 San Pedro: Alto San Pedro. E1 Salvador. 107 San Quintin: Bahía de San Quintin. Isla. 91 San Nicholas: Puerto de San Nicolas (Bahía San Nicolás). El Salvador. 171 . 171 . 247 . 241 San Vincente. 57 San Salvador . 202 San Pablo. Spanish vessel. 131 San Pedio de Baba. Peru.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Galapagos. Puiblo de (Samborondón). 157 San Pedro . 55 . Chile. 135 http://publishing. Peru. Rio (Rio Tibuga). 55 San Roman. 259 . Peru. Mexico. 251 San Roque. Cabo de (Cabo Raper). 87 . Argentina. Chile. 197 .chunk. 255 . 131 . 21 . Rio San Pedro. 247 . Peru. Spanish vessel. Saña. Sierro de (Cordillera Darwin). 205 . lslote San Pedro. San Nicholas. 12 . Ecuador. 255 . Argentina. 168 . 144 . Panama. Chile. 284 .cdlib. El Salvador. 258 n. 255 San Ylefonco. El Salvador. Cerras San Pedro. 91 . Chile. Rio San Miguel (Rio Sabana). 89 San Sebastián: Bahía San Sebastián. 255 San Vicente: Cabo San Vicente. Baya de San Quintin. 171 . Volcán de San Miguel (Volcán San Miguel). Peru.doc.A Buccaneer's Atlas Rio de San Miguel (Rio Grande de San Miguel). 55 . Rio San Pedro. captured. Puerto de San Vicente (Bahía San Vicente). Peru. 10 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.id=0.

Ecuador. El Salvador. Chanell of Sta Barbara. Galapagos. 100 n. 53 . Santa Barbara Channel. 103 . Loma. Peru. Mexico. 121 . Colombia. 155 Santa Fé (Santa Maria). 3 . Sta Barbara (Isla Javier). Santa Barbara Island. 87 Santa Barbara: Canal de Sta Barbara (Santa Barbara Channel). 176 . Peru. 4 -5 Santa Inés. Chile. 176 . 99 Santa María: Isla Santa Maria. 176 . Síerra de Santa Clara. Island of Santa.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 9 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Sangallan: Morro tie Sangallan. USA. 151 . USA. 53 . Voncán. 58 n Santa Cruz: Bahía Santa Cruz. 253 . Chile. Chile. 53 Santa Catalina Island. E1 Salvador. 53 . 53 Santa Clara: Isla de Santa Clara. USA. 57 . USA. 255 Santa Lucía.cdlib. Chile. 53 . Spanish vessel. 81 Santa Pecaque. Costa Rica. Mexico. Rio de Santa (Rio Santa). 101 . Peru.doc. 164 n Santa Ana. Sangallan. Peru. 139 . 155 . 259 Santa Elena: Cabo Santa Elena. Galapagos. Mexico. Ecuador. Volcán Santa María.id=0. Peru. Isla Santa Cruz. Panama. 243 . 177 http://publishing. USA. 177 -79. Isla. 259 .chunk. Sta Barbara. 85 . 257 . Santa María. See Sentispac Santa: Isla de Santa. 73 . 54 . Isla Santa María. 177 . Santa Barbara Point. 91 . Peru.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Cerro Santa Elena. Panama. Guatemala. 129 . USA. USA. Sta Barbara Island. Chile. 202 . USA. Port of Santa. Pta de la Conversion (Santa Barbara Point). Isla Santa Clara. Punta Santa Elena. Santa. 103 . Costa Rica. attacked. Nicaragua. 74 n. 53 . 222 Santa Ana . Rio Santa Maria.

id=0. Yslas (Islas Secas). Ecuador. 255 Secas. 157 . 141 Santísima Trinidad. 53 Sarmiento. 127 Sapoticlan. 67 . 137 Sardinas. Isla. John. Santiago de Guayaquil. 125 . Chile.A Buccaneer's Atlas Santay. 113 Sechura: Bay of Sechura. 259 . 256 n Scott. Volcan de. Alexander. 252 n Sebastians Mouth. Panama. 140 . 18 n. Isla. Chile. book collector. 251 Seno Nevado.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 164 . 166 . Chile. 155 Santelmo. 123 . Sapo (Cerro Sapo). 87 Sanú. 187 Sapo: Cerro del Sapo (Cerro Campana). Panama. Mexico. 5 . Ecuador. 81 Sarambria. 15 . 115 Schouten. El Salvador. 18 . 75 . 25 Sea urchin.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Peru. 54 n Sawkins. 255 Savana. Nicaragua. Ecuador. 270 . 257 n Selwyn. 226 n Seal.cdlib. Argentina. 164 . USA. castaway. Panama. 166 Sardinas: Ancon de Sardinas (Bahía de Ancón de Sardinas). 168 n Segovia. Rio Santiago. 255 http://publishing. 129 . 114 .doc. 10 . buccaneer. Peru. 49 Seno Gallegos. Cerro. Mount. 80 . Sapo. 131 Santiago: Santiago Astata. Galapagos. 31 Selkirk. 94 Savanna. Willem. 168 n. Richard. 141 . See Cox Scurvy. Dutch explorer.chunk. Peru. Colombia. 273 Senicas (Isla San Martin). Puerto de Sardinas (Point San Luis). Mexico. Sechura. 4 . Guatemala. 122 . See Trinity Santo Domingo. Panama. St (Bahía San Sebastián). Panama. 258 n. 165 . Isla Santiago. Ecuador. 9 .

is tried for piracy. 121 . Peru. See Cerro Grande de Apaneca Sierra de Santa Clara. 22 . 61 Sequoia sempervirens .chunk. Chile. 79 Sierra Volcánica Transversal. 38 . 283 -85. 27 -28. Colombia. reaches England. England.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 123 Setabense. 163 Serruzuela. 31 . Cabo. Spain. E1 Salvador. 111 . 27 Sharp. 66 n. 3 . 58 n Sierra de Soconusco. 194 n Shadwell. 61 Sierras de Nra Sra. Peru. 31 -32. La (Cerro Cerrezuela).id=0. his journal and log. 57 . Guatemala-El Salvador. on the voyage. 255 Silla de Cavallo (Isla Ensenada). Mexico. 255 Seville. Middlesex. Costa Rica. Mexico. 125 http://publishing. Mexico. Panama. Panama. 24 n. 31 Sheep. 262 . 31 . Mexico. 30 -31. 89 Sierra de la Paneca. Bartholomew. his early life. 88 Sierra de Paneca. 101 Sentispac (Santa Pecaque). his navigation.A Buccaneer's Atlas Señora. names of. 44 Sicatela. 262 . Ecuador. his subsequent career. 131 Senosop. Panama. 265 . Mexico. his astronomical observations. 27 .cdlib. 223 Sierro de San Ylefonco (Cordillera Darwin). 145 Serra de Pasta. Lo alto de (Monte Papayal). 139 Serrania (Cordillera de Los Andes). Chile. 129 Serras de Motape (Cerros Los Amotapes). 4 -26 passim . 268 . 253 Serrania del Darien. published.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 30 . 35 -36. 267 -68. buccaneer and journalist: dedications by. 189 Sierra de la Balsama (Costa de Bálsamo). Isla. 50 n Serez (Isla Gallo). 3 . Argentina.doc. 71 Sierra de la Arena. 131 Serra de Coaque (Montanas de Cuaque). 216 n. Rio. Panama. Chile. 230 Ships. 130 n. Panama.

179 Sombrerett. El Salvador. 253 Socaran. 137 Snra (Isla Señora). El Salvador. 155 . Colombia. 87 Sotheby and Son. 159 Somers. 270 . La (Cerros Silla de Paita). Panama. Bahía de. Dr. 273 http://publishing. Volcan de ― 312 ― Soconusco (continued ) Soconusco (Sierra de Soconusco). Peru. admiral. El Salvador. Puerto de. 273 . Bahía. Costa Rica. auctioneers.cdlib. Volcan of Soconusco. Panama. Panama. Morro de. 270 Sonsonate: Sonsonate. Peru. Hans.id=0. 166 Sloane.A Buccaneer's Atlas Silla de Paita. book collector. 91 Silva (Isla Silva de Afuera). Mexico. 267 -70. 80 Socorro. 85 . 193 . Mexico. 261 .chunk. Volcan de (Volcán Jucuapa). 79 . El Salvador. 88 . dedications to.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 114 . Nra (Archipiélago Madre de Dios). 270 . 268 . Ffran de. Peru. 75 . 268 . lord. 135 Solon. 79 . 131 Snra. Sir James. Peru. 87 . Sierra de Soconusco.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Mexico. Colombia. Ancon. 32 . Isla de (Isla San Sebastían). 273 Smith. Mexico. 115 Simatlan. 284 Sn Ffelis. 80 . 113 Sn Juan. Isla. 91 Soconusco: Soconusco. 253 Slaves. Rio Sonsonate (Rio Grande de Sonsonate). Rio (Rio San Juan). 49 Solano. 163 -65. 195 Solon. 113 Sn Marcos (Isla de Guadalupe). Chile. 85 . 55 Sn Pablo (Isla San Pablo). Mexico. Panama. 79 . Mexico. 261 . 28 n. 167 Silottlan. Rio de Soconusco. El Salvador. Rio (Rio San Felix). 107 Somanco. Chile. 84 . 262 . 76 Sin Salida. 131 Sn Po.doc. Rio de (Rio Ayuta). Mexico. Volcan de Sonsonate (Volcán Santa Ana). Panama.

201 St Geronimo (Isla Geronimo). in. 86 . 32 . 136 . 259 St Andreus. Chile. 22 n. 250 . 250 n Spheniscus magellanicus . Spanish main. Chile. 33 n. 43 . Ringrose Spain. 94 . 154 . 142 . 126 . 166 n. 76 . 104 . 269 . Chile. 236 http://publishing. 66 n. 52 St Barnabe. 82 . 78 . native-born. Ecuador. Mexico. 194 n. Argentina. 209 . 130 . 102 . 141 . 166 . Lima. 126 n. Galapagos. 52 n. See also Hack. 52 n. 254 n. 273 South Sea (Pacific Ocean). St Jago. 160 . 251 St Ffillipe. 56 St Augustine. 3 .chunk. 67 . listed. 270 . 266 . 259 Sr John Narbroughs Isle (Isla Fernandina). 60 St Diego. 114 n. Peru.doc. 252 n Spikes Roads. 238 . St Jago (Santiago). 60 n Sperm whale. Rio de St Jago (Rio Santiago). 235 . 84 . 131 St Estervan. Mexico. 164 . 168 . 216 . 256 n South America Pilot. 190 .cdlib. 254 . 210 . 155 .org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 184 . 137 . Panama. Baya de. 214 n.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 70 n.A Buccaneer's Atlas Soundings. USA. 161 . 60 . Peru. 46 South America. 82 n. 162 . 144 . 25 Squaring. effect on cartography. 57 St Jago (Santiago). 86 . 124 . 45 South Sea Company. Rio (Estero San Esteban). 178 . 255 St Ffrancisco Church. defined. appendix to. 266 .id=0. 66 n. 220 . USA. 49 . listed. 182 . 62 . 146 . Baya (Bahía Felipe). 192 St Gallan (Isla San Gallán). 110 . 128 . Barbados. 55 . 215 . 256 South Sea Waggoners. 160 . 234 St Jago: Porte of St Jago. 158 . Spanish dominions. 66 . 43 Sr Anthony Deans Isle (Isla Rabida). 62 . Ecuador. 96 . 74 n. 56 St Elmo (Isla Santelmo). Spanish and Spaniards. 268 -70. Mexico. 218 . Galapagos. 128 . USA.

245 Sta Anna. 86 . Mexico. St Juan de Pimoche (Pimocha). 49 St Vincente. England. 130 . Estero. Enseñada de. Ecuador. 90 St Miguell: River St Miguell. Panama. E1 Salvador. El Salvador. 154 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 56 Sta Clara: Sta Clara. 128 St Miguels. 92 St Paul's Cathedral. St Miguell. Costa Rica. 32 . 245 Sta Barbara.chunk. 103 . 127 St Paul's School. London. 3 . El Salvador. 101 . Argentina. 87 http://publishing. 255 St Vincents: St Vincents.id=0. Costa Rica. Panama.doc. Messa de. 156 . 26 . Westminster. 60 St Martin-in-the-Fields church. Sta Catalina. 154 . St Thomas (Isla San Benedicto).A Buccaneer's Atlas St Juan: Puerto St Juan (Puerto San Juan del Sur). 228 Sta Joana. Sta Clara. England. Ecuador. El Salvador. Chile. 158 . Virgin Islands. Mexico. Chile. Straights of St Vincents (Strait of Le Maire). 101 . 151 . El Salvador. Argentina. Costa Rica.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 255 St Thomas: St Thomas. 254 St Xhvall. 86 Sta Helena: Pta de Sta Hellena. Ecuador. 53 . Nicaragua.cdlib. Ecuador. 100 Sta Juana. USA. St Juan de Goso (Pneínsula de San Juan del Gozo). Sta Helena (Villa de Santa Elena). Ecuador. 153 Sta Hellena. 29 St Pedro Church. Cavo (Cabo San Vicente). 251 . 28 -29 St Marys herb. Argentina. 101 Sta Lucia (Guayamango). Peru. Chile. 116 n St Miguel. 97 Sta Domingo. Chile. 157 St Lucas. Chile. El Salvador. 90 St Miguil. 242 . 192 St Sebastians Mouth (Bahía San Sebastián). 91 . Lima. 155 . Ecuador. Sta Helena. Nicaragua. See Santa Barbara Sta Catalina: Pta de Sta Catalina (Cabo Santa Elena). Sta Helena (Punta Santa Elena). Sta Catalina (Santa Catalina Island). London.

108 n Sutraba. 107 . 31 Staten Island. 255 Surhidero de los Navios (Ensenada Tumaco). Peru. Chile-Argentina. 139 Sus scrofa . R. 253 . 117 Taboga Island (Isla Tavoga). Isla. Pan del (Islote Pan de Azúcar). 127 . captain. 97 Sucie. 184 -86 Supercargo (cape merchant). 254 Strait: Strait of Le Maire. Argentina. Panama. Panama. 254 .. 254 . Messa de. England.. Panama. Chile. Estero de. John. Panama. 91 Stag. N. 125 Stanley.M. Panama. Panama. Argentina. defined. 30 n Sur. 198 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .A Buccaneer's Atlas Sta Marta: Sta Maria. 125 http://publishing. 254 n. Chile-Argentina. 256 n Streights of Magellan. 30 Sto Domingo: Sto Domingo (Lepanto). Sto Domingo (Santo Domingo). 270 . Peru. privateer. Strait of Magellan.cdlib. Costa Rica. 242 Sta Maria (Santa Fe). Edward. Nicaragua. El Salvador. Argentina. 129 Sta Maria (Santa María). 255 .id=0. 117 Suciagua. H. 30 Sweepstakes . 106 . 90 . Straights of St Vincents (Strait of Le Maire). John. 131 Sydney. Rio de (Rio Suay). El Salvador. buccaneer. 87 Straights: Straights of Magellan. Port of. 262 . 10 . Rio. 199 . 251 Streto de Anian. 154 Suay. 263 Sweet potato.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 99 Swan. Middlesex. 228 Supe.S. viscount. Charles. Panama. 125 Sucio. 98 . Colombia. Sto Domingo (Puerto Tambo de Mora). 49 Strong. 273 T Tabaraba.chunk. 125 -26 Tabogullla. Mar del (Pacific Ocean). 129 Sugar.doc. 256 n Stepney. Rio del. 255 . Nicaragua.

218 n Tarapesque. 91 http://publishing. 70 Tae. Altos de. 249 Tarapaca: Morro de Tarapaca. M. Chile. Peru. Peru. 125 Taburecte. Mexico. 54 n. El Salvador. 249 Taino. Chile. 110 n Talara. 195 . 91 . Ecuador. 231 Talique. Chile. Chile. 213 Tangola: Isla Tangola (Isla Tangola-Tangola). Peru. Chile. 143 .A Buccaneer's Atlas Tabora (Isla Taborcillo). 125 Tayuta. 91 Tacama. 125 Tavogilea (Isla Taboguilla). Quebrada de. 213 Talcahuano. Chile. 213 Tanaje. Panama. 241 Talinay. Peru. 218 . Mexico. Pta de (Punta Tumbes). 218 . 144 Taclamama. Peru. 199 . 73 Tecapa: Volcan de Tecapa (Volcán Taburecte). Valle de Tambo. Tangola. Rio del (Rio Tempisque). Panama. 213 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Bahía. 161 Talcaguana. Peru. Rio de. Chile. 157 Tavoga (Isla Taboga). 220 Tacames (Poblacíon de Atacames). 198 . Chile. 171 . Mexico. Isla. 139 Tanapache. Mexico. 212 . El Salvador. Mexico. Costa Rica. Peru. Rio Tambo.doc. Ecuador. Point. Panama. Colombia. Mexico. Tambo. Rio. Chile. 253 Taura.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Panama. Panama. E1 Salvador. 125 Taborcillo. Puerto Tambo de Mora. 241 Talcaguey (Cerro Tanapache).id=0. Cerro. Peru. 73 . 76 Tanqui (Isla Tranqui).chunk. 240 Talcaguano. 69 Taclamana. 129 Tambo: Ermito Tambo. Chile. 216 . Volcancillo de Tecapa (Volcán Tecapa). 107 Tarn. Volcán. Rio. Tarapaca. Rio Tangola. 73 .cdlib.

Rio. Panama. Costa Rica.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Panama. Colombia. 255 . Mexico. Pta de (Punta Duartes). Tierra del Fuego. Chile. Ecuador. Colombia. Rio Tibuga. Rio del. Pta de (Punta Tucapel). Ecuador. Peru. Tetas de Biobio (Tetas del Bio Bio). Volcan. Rio Los.id=0. 24 Terra Fuego. Chile. Isla Tigre. 262 Tigre: Filos del Tigre.doc. Colombia. 67 . 135 Tierra: Isla Lobos de Tierra. 256 n. Chile. 155 Tepeixtec. 241 . 93 Tilimbi. 243 Tisira. 139 Timbiqui. Nicaragua.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Isla. Tetas de Cuaca (Cerro Tetas de Coyuca). Chile. 107 Tenguel. 148 n Tetas: Cerro Las Tetas. 168 n. 135 . El Salvador. 185 . Rio. 254 . ― 313 ― Tierra (continued ) 43 . Rio. Panama. England. Isla Más a Tierra. London. 98 .chunk. Peru. 66 n Tepuztec. 257 . 3 Tibuga: Golfo de Tibuga. Rio. 254 Terrestrial equator. 157 Tirno. Mexico. 99 Telos. 66 n Thames. Tetas de Cucao.cdlib.A Buccaneer's Atlas Tehuantepec. 245 Telica. Argentina-Chile. 249 Teteral. Rio de (Rio Timbiqui). 66 n Terpesque. 117 . Colombia. river. Costa Rica. Chile-Argentina. 77 Teje. 129 Tezcatec. 260. Chile. Chile. 117 http://publishing. Quebrada. 252 n. Volcan de (Volcán Telica). 106 Terra australis incognita . 255 Tempisque. 129 Theobroma cacao (Cocao). 169 . 139 Tintos. 50 n Third Dutch War.

258 n Tomé.id=0. Peru. 155 Tongoy: Bahía Tongoy. 236 . Pta de Topocalma (Punta Topocalma). 117 Tornagaleones. Chile. Baya de Tongoy (Bahía Tongoy). Nicaragua. Rio. 245 Topara: Quebrada de Topara. 71 Tongoi: Port of Tongoi. Colombia. Mexico. 116 n Tortuga. 199 . 137 . 243 . Spanish explorer. 241 Tonameca. Rio de Topara. Chile. 199 Topocalma: Port of Topocalma.A Buccaneer's Atlas Titicaca. 232 . 229 . Panama. Mexico. Chile. 228 Tovisalco. Toro. Chile.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Panama. El Salvador. Chile. Chile. Chile. Peru. 88 Tower Island (Isla Genovesa). 99 Totorall. 138 Torra: Cerro de Torra. Rio. Puerto. 116 . Panama. 186 http://publishing. 259 Towne of Guara. Rio. 214 n Toad. 258 n Tortue. 245 Torno de Galeon (Rio Tornagaleones). 99 . Panama. Chile. 43 Torio. 245 Toro: Bocca dell Toro. Chile. Chile. Rio del (Rio Torio). 229 Tonguilon. 127 Todos Santos. Lake. Peru. El Toro (Filos del Tigre).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 129 Tocopilla. 249 Tomás de Berlanga. Galapagos. Rio Tosta (Rio El Tamarindo). 98 . Chile. 230 Tosta: Coma de Tosta (Loma Santa Lucía). 182 Tortoise. Chile.doc. Chile. 245 . Colombia.cdlib. 56 Tolten: Rio Tolten. Rio Tongoi (Rio Tenguel). Ecuador. 237 Topography. Tolton. Peru. Chile. Nicaragua. 55 . Peru. 115 . 219 Tocumen (Rio Tocumén). Jaquoy de la Torra. 229 . Baya dc (Bahía). 117 .chunk.

Rio de Tucapel (Rio Lebu). 152 Turtles. book collector. Trinidad. USA. 88 Trtntty (Santisima Trinidad ). Chile. 139 Tumbes. Ensenada. 51 Trigo.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 25 Tranqui. Monte. 116 n. 86 . El Salvador. 173 . 243 Tucapell. Chile. 26 . Punta. 145 Triangulos (Farallon Islands). 66 n Tuyra. Governour of Trinidad. Truhilio (Trujillo). Peru. Panama. 129 Tuira. Rio de Truhilio (Rio Moche). 129 Turtle. 158 Tuquesa.cdlib.doc. El Salvador. Peru.id=0. Tunbes. 249 Tres Marias Islands. 14 . 252 n. 60 -61. 175 . 30 . captured. 129 Tugueso. Peru. 273 Trade winds. Rio (Rio Tuquesa). Panama. 10 . 26 . to St Thomas. Peru. 10 . Panama. Chile. Panama. track charts. 256 n. 156 . 129 Tumaco. Peru. 252 n Tuxtex. Lo Alto de (Cordilleras de Nahuelbuta). 26 . on the voyage. 23 . 241 Tunbes: Lo Alto De Tunbes (Cerros Los Amotapes). Rio. 243 Tucuti. Rio Balsas o. Peru. 12 Trollope Rock. Ecuador. 269 . Peru. 193 Trinidad: City of Trinidad. 243 . Rio (Rio Tuira). 152 n. Chile. 155 . destroyed by fire. 172 -74 Tucapel: Punta Tucapel. 155 . xii . El Salvador. Colombia. 131 Truhilio: Campaña de Truhilio (Cerro Campaña). 159 . Rio Tunbes (Rio Tumbes). 266 Tres Rios de Los Coxemies (Estero Cojimies). Rio. 86 . John.A Buccaneer's Atlas Towneley.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Chile. 259 .chunk. 4 . Panama. 10 -26 passim . escapes from Morgan. 129 http://publishing. Isla. Mexico. Panama.

Lima. 125 Vallanetta. San (Cabo Valentín). Dutch buccaneer. 196 . 61 Valle de Arauco. 266 Velos. 49 Veho. Chile 233 Valley de la Crus. Islote. Valdivia. 30 . 131 Vallarta.A Buccaneer's Atlas U University of Cambridge. 67 . Peru. 108 n. de.doc. Joris. Puerto. 271 Veleros. 255 Vellegas. Chile. Chile. Chile. 213 Vallena. 192 Urabá. Bahía. 225 Velasco. Chile. Isla. 244 -45. Chile. 103 http://publishing. Mexico. 61 Valdivia: Rio Valdivia. 243 Valle de Balderos (Puerto Vallarta). Bartholomew.id=0. Panama. 237 Vallona. M. Panama. Puerto de Velas (Bahía Isla Blanca). Costa Rica. 88 Valloa. Colombia. Nicaragua.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 15 . 236 . Chile. 103 . Pta de La (Punta Pichicui). Port of. 236 . 97 Vela. 224 Velas: Cabo Velas. Costa Rica. Chile. Quebrada de. 241 . 91 Utría. 21 . 259 University of San Marcos. Chile. 97 Veigho (El Viejo). cartographer. Chile. Volcan de (Volcán Viejo). Argentina. 235 .cdlib. 67 . Mexico. 109 V Val de Banderas. Spanish captain.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Nicaragua. 235 . 135 Uvita. 265 Vecina. 235 . Mexico. Chile. England. Panama. 257 Van Spilenbergen.chunk. 256 . 248 Valley of Salvador. See San Miguel Valparaiso: Puerto de Valparaiso (Bahía Valparaíso). El Salvador. El Salvador. 217 . 61 Valle de Tambo. Gulf of. 227 . 255 Valladolid (Isla Chamá). 266 Valentine. 245 . Puerto. Costa Rica. Panama. Peru. Puertos de (Golfo de Papagayo). 125 Usulután. Valparaiso. M.

116 n Ventocuagua. Panama. St. 187 Vicente: San Vicente de Cañete. 157 Vermexo. 180 . Ecuador. Mexico. Mexico. http://publishing. Chile. 56 n Vicuña. Morro de Viejas (Monte Carretas). E1 Salvador. 78 Vernall. Mexico. Mexico. Peru. Costa Rica. 197 . Peru.cdlib. Mexico. Volcán Viejo.doc. Panama.A Buccaneer's Atlas Venado. Chile. 83 Ventosa (Bahía Ventosa). 131 Veracruz. 155 . 212 Vieja: Boca Vieja. 89 Victoria. 79 . Panama. 97 Villa: Villa de Pacasmayo. 171 . Vulcan de (Volcán de Agua). Nicaragua. Chile. Yla Verde (Isla Verde). Panama. Ysla Verde (Islote Verde). 109 . Panama.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Peru. Panama. Peru. 153 Vina de la Mar (Viña del Mar). Nicaragua. Mexico. Peru. Vernal. 255 Victoria . Panama. Rio de. 203 Viejo: Ilo Viejo. 57 . Rio. Spanish ship. Isla de Las Viejas. 66 n Verde: Rio Verde (Rio Atoyac). 78 . Villa de Santa Elena. Cavo (Cabo Victoria). 75 Ventura Cruz. Puiblo Viejo (Playa Honda). Port. 96 Viberes (Isla Viveros). Ecuador. 90 Vexo. Puerto de San Vicente (Bahía San Vicente). 125 Venados (Isla Venado). Costa Rica. Mexico. Peru. Canal. 241 . Guatemala. 182 Vernal: Cerro de Vernal (Cerro San Bernardo). El. 107 Venison (Venaison). 131 Vicama. Ecuador. Volcán Vicente. 235 Vincents. 242 Virallo. Rio Viejo. 69 .view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .chunk. 125 Vermejo. 131 . 213 . 121 . El Salvador. 116 .id=0. 115 Virgines: Baya de Virgines. Peru. Chile. 203 .

Rio Vitor. Costa Rica. Guatemala. 85 . El Salvador. 89 Volcán dc Papagayo (Volcán Rincón de La Vieja). Chile-Argentina. Sebastián. 83 Volcán Bombache (Volcán Mombacho). 99 . Mexico. Argentina. Panama. 79 Volcán de Sonsonate (Volcán Santa Ana). 177 Vista. 198 n Vitor: Quebrada de Vitor. 61 Volcán de Granada (Volcán Góngora). 89 . Spanish explorer. El Salvador. 91 Volcán de Telica (Volcán Telica). 95 Volcán de Agua. 97 Volcán de Ysacos. Panama. 129 Vitis vinifera . Chile. 98 . Isla. 217 Volcán Atitlán. 87 Volcán de Tecapa (Volcán Taburecte). 83 Volcán Aconcaqua. Mexico. Rio de Vitor. Rio Bona (Punta Buena Vista). 247 Volcán Cosiguina.chunk. 83 Volcán de Alima. 217 . Nicaragua. 60 Volcán de Colima. Guatemala.cdlib. 101 Volcán de Rumbado (Volcán Pacaya). 98 . Guatemala. (Volcán Las Pilas). El Salvador. 91 Volcán de San Salvador (Volcán Salvador).view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .A Buccaneer's Atlas Cavo Virgines. 88 http://publishing. El Salvador. E1 Salvador. 211 Viveros. 90 Volcán de San Miguel (Volcán San Miguel). 99 Volcán de Veho (Volcán Viejo). 81 Volcán de Sacatelupa (Volcán Vicente).org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. E1 Salvador. 216 . 101 Volcán Calbuco. 101 Volcán de Leon. El Salvador. Chile. Nicaragua. 255 Virú. Costa Rica. Guatemala. Peru. 89 Volcán de Sapoticlan. Costa Rica. 83 Volcán de Sacatapeque (Volcán Santa María). Mexico. 56 n Volcán Acatenango.id=0. 81 Volcán de Silottlan (Volcán Jucuapa). 131 Vizcaíno. Guatemala. Guatemala. Chile. 100 Volcán de los Ysacos (Volcán Isalco). El Salvador.doc. Nicaragua. Peru. 91 ― 314 ― Volcán de Soconusco (Sierra de Soconusco). Nicaragua.

See also South Sea Waggoner Wainman. El Salvador. 88 Volcán Osorno. 91 Volcán Telos. Galapagos. E1 Salvador. Costa Rica.doc. 83 W Wafer. 19 -20. 83 Volcán Rincón de La Vieja. 100 Volcán of Sapoteclan. 261 http://publishing. 101 Volcán Isalco. 100 Volcán of Guatemala. 80 Volcán of Sonsonate. Guatemala. Guatemala. 270 . 91 Volcans of the Amilpas. 80 Volcán of Soconusco. 22 . 31 Watling. 81 Volcán Taburecte. 82 Volcán of Papagayo. 261 . El Salvador. 89 Volcán Jucuapa. 101 Volcán Salvador. defined. Guatemala.A Buccaneer's Atlas Volcán Góngora. Nicaragua. Lionel.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 87 Volcán Santa María. buccaneer. 101 Volcán of Ariquipa. 216 n Welch. Little. 80 Vulcan de Ventocuagua (Volcán de Agua). E1 Salvador. 10 . Sir Robert.id=0. 3 . Costa Rica. Nicaragua. 259 Wainmans Isle (Islote Wenman). 91 Volcán Tecapa. 41 . Nicaragua.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] .cdlib. Costa Rica. 89 Volcán Viejo. 100 Volcán of Granada. 212 Volcán of Bombache. Andrew. El Salvador. El Salvador. El Salvador. Guatemala. El Salvador. 259 Walpole. and journalist. England. John. Nicaragua. Nicaragua. 12 . Guatemala.chunk. 97 Volcancillo de Tecapa (Volcán Tecapa). 91 Volcán Las Pilas. El Salvador. Guatemala. 30 . 99 Volcán Mombacho. 273 Wapping. 247 Volcán Pacaya. Peru. Guatemala. 89 Volcán Santa Ana. buccaneer. 258 n. 85 . surgeon. Chile. Galapagos. 255 Volcán Vicente. 258 n. Chile. 268 Waggoner. 18 . cartographer. Middlesex.

William. 259 West Africa. Mexico. 127 X Xalisco (Jalisco).S. 228 . viscount. Monte (Cerro de Montecristi). 18 n White Fox . Panama.doc. 151 Y Ya Blanca (Los Frailes).M. Ecuador. 273 Williams.N. 263 .cdlib. 27 Wildmann. Nicolaas. Peru. 228 n Westminster School. London. 230 Witsen. Yea. 28 n. 269 . Mexico. 284 Weymouth . Sir Christopher. 192 West Indies. 57 Ya fortuna (San Clemente Island). Ecuador. privateer. 267 . 262 . Philip. Chile.. 61 Ya de Cenicas. 86 n. Maria. 273 William III. king of England. Galapagos.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . 33 . Richard. Ecuador. Sir John. 131 . John. 266 . Yaguache Nuevo. R. 268 Wren. 245 Xpo. 157 . architect and mathematician. 201 Yeguade del Capt Luis Delgado (Pedasí). 203 . Ecuador. 61 Yca: Rio de Yca (Rio Ica). Mexico. 266 . 247 Yaguache: Yaguache el Cone (Yaguache Nuevo). See Cedros Ya de Nra Snra (Isla Natividad). Mexico. captain. 154 Wenman. 270 . 259 Wenman. his Dutch private secretary (d'Allene). 259 Wenman. H. 53 Ya Pedro Nunez. Peru. Islote. USA. 266 . 119 http://publishing.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. 273 Wood.A Buccaneer's Atlas Welfare . Rio de Yaguache (Rio Chimbo). 157 .chunk. 29 Wetwang. Chile. See Chametla Yas Pinto (Roca Negra). 86 . 157 Yas de Chamettla. 271 . viscount. geographer. 266 . 269 .. merchantman. St. captain: his description of the Strait of Magellan. 60 Xhvall.id=0. See Dick Wine.

Volcan de la (Volcán Isalco). Cerro El. Panama. 120 n Yerba Buina. 125 Yslas de San Martin (Coronado Islands). Chile. 155 http://publishing. Ytata. 129 Yla Verde (Isla Verde). 55 Yslas Nobladas (Channel Islands). Juan Fernandez. 249 Yorks Island. Panama. Ecuador. Panama. Chile. 247 . 245 Ysla de Diego Ramirez (Isla Diego Ramírez). 65 Ytata: Rio de Ytata (Rio Itata). 255 Ysla de Mocha (Isla Mocha). Chile. 245 Ysla de Carate (Islote Zárate). 93 Zacatula. Sierro de San (Cordillera Darwin). USA. 247 Yunque. Yqueque. See also Iqueque Ysacos. Argentina. 213 Yguanos (Isla Iguana). 255 Ymperial.org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j.A Buccaneer's Atlas Yeguade. Panama. 201 Ysla de Carillo. 115 Ysla de Constantino Perez (Isla Mancera). Chile. 53 Yslas Secas (Islas Secas). 243 Ynes. 218 . 155 Ylefonco.id=0. Chile. Mexico. Chile. 239 . Chile.chunk. Chile. 252 . Bolcan de (Volcán Calbuco). El Salvador. Panama. Chile. Bologna. 113 Ystapa (Ixtapa). 89 Ysla de Baldivia (Isla Teje). Caleta. Mexico. Ecuador. El Salvador. Cerro. Panama. 64 . Peru. 219 . 253 Ypolada (Isla Camote). Isla Punta. 255 Ysla Verde (Islote Verde). Mexico. Chile. 243 Ysla de San Gonsalo (Cabo San Gonzalo). Rio. Rio (Rio Imperial). Peru. 63 Zaltieri.doc. 240 Yuanavia. Chile. 49 Zambapala. Cavo San.cdlib. Chile. Chile. 255 Ysla Nevada (Seno Nevado). Chile. 131 Yqueque: Island Yqueque. Argentina. 255 Yngles. cartographer. Chile. 257 Z Zacate.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Duke of. Puerto (Bahía de Ancud).

org/ucpressebooks/view?docId=ft7z09p18j. Cerro del Jaques de la (Cerro Las Tetas).org/ark:/13030/ft7z09p18j/ http://publishing. Islote. Inc. Peru. Puerto de. 171 Zárate. 201 Zea Mays . 185 Zuela. Puerto de (Coral). c1992 1992.id=0.cdlib. editors A Buccaneer's Atlas: Basil Ringrose's South Sea Waggoner. W. 117 ― 315 ― Designer: Compositor: Text: Display: Printer: Binder: Mark Ong. Preferred Citation: Howse. Peru. Punta Las. and Norman J. Peru. Peru. Mexico.chunk. 65 Zorra. Thrower. 185 Zorras. Berkeley: University of California Press. 171 . Inc. http://ark. Rio Zana.view=print[17/12/2011 19:51:48] . Peru.A Buccaneer's Atlas Zambo. Panama. 245 Ziguatenejo (Bahía de Zihuatanejo). 170 n Zettrall. 11/14 Granjon Conchin BookCrafters. BookCrafters. Chile. Side-by-Side Studios G & S Typesetters. Derek. Inc.doc.cdlib. 82 n Zaña: Zaña.

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