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Temperature modification of a hot glue gun for use with modeling plastic impression compound Alfonso

Temperature modification of a hot glue gun for use with modeling plastic impression compound

glue gun for use with modeling plastic impression compound Alfonso Piñeyro, DDS, a and Chandur Wadhwani,

Alfonso Piñeyro, DDS, a and Chandur Wadhwani, BDS, MSD b University of Washington, Seattle, Wash

Modeling plastic impression com- pound (MPIC) is defined as a ther- moplastic dental impression material composed of wax, rosin, resins, and colorants. 1 Low-fusing compound (type 1) is used for border molding and impressions. Flow and reproduc-

ibility of surface detail are important characteristics of these materials. 2 Border molding with MPIC can re- cord accurate border detail; however,

it can be difficult to use and messy

when manipulated over a flame. Some techniques have been described to fa-

cilitate the use of MPIC by placing the compound in a syringe and heating it

in a water bath. 3,4 Although these tech-

niques may be helpful, waiting for the compound to melt is time consuming. Also, the syringes filled with compound must continually be reintroduced into the water after each use so that the compound does not solidify. Hot glue guns are designed to melt

a thermoplastic adhesive that comes in the form of sticks. A continuous

duty heating element is used to melt

the plastic glue sticks at a temperature of 120°C. Low-fusing compound has

a melting temperature of 60°C, ac-

cording to the manufacturer. Some

hot glue guns use glue sticks that have

a diameter of 7 mm, which is similar

to the commercially available green stick modeling plastic impression compound (Impression Compound; Kerr Corp, Orange, Calif) (Fig. 1). A technique that uses a hot glue gun to deliver low-fusing MPIC is described.

PROCEDURE

1. Plug the glue gun (GR-10 Mini

Hot Melt Glue Gun; Stanley-Bostich,

East Greenwich, RI) into a light dim- mer control (Dimmer Control; West- inghouse Lighting Corp, Philadelphia, Pa), and then plug the dimmer into an electrical outlet.

2. Load the hot glue gun with green

stick MPIC (Impression Compound; Kerr Corp).

3. Set the dimmer to a low setting

using the control knob, and verify the extrusion temperature of the MPIC with a digital thermometer (Good Cook Digital Thermometer; Bradshaw Intl, Rancho Cucamonga, Calif). Ad- just the knob on the light dimmer con- trol until a proper working tempera- ture is achieved (60 o to 76 o C).

4. Mark the light dimmer control

once the proper working temperature has been achieved, to ensure the re- production of results with each use. 5. Apply MPIC directly to the tray to be used for border molding

(Fig. 2). Verify the temperature of the

impression compound periodically with a thermometer to ensure proper temperature for function and patient safety.

6. Temper the tray in a water bath

before insertion intraorally, and bor- der mold in the usual manner.

7. Always place the hot glue gun in

an upright position on a level counter- top between MPIC applications.

position on a level counter- top between MPIC applications. 1 Hot glue stick (7 mm in
1
1

Hot glue stick (7 mm in diameter) and green stick

compound with similar diameter.

in diameter) and green stick compound with similar diameter. 2 Addition of impression compound onto custom
2
2

Addition of impression compound onto custom im-

pression tray using regulated hot glue gun.

416

Volume 101 Issue 6

REFERENCES

1. The glossary of prosthodontic terms. J Prosthet Dent 2005;94:53.

2. Rezaei SM, Monzavi A, Naieri AD. The comparison flow of four impression com- pounds (Green Stick) with ADA Standard. J Dent Tehran Univ Med Sci 2004;1:15-21.

3. Lipkin LS. An alternative method of border molding. J Prosthet Dent 1988;60:399.

4. Mullick SC, Johansen RE, Dennis Y. Use of a modified reversible hydrocolloid syringe for stick modeling compound. J Prosthet Dent

1988;59:113-5.

Corresponding author:

Dr Alfonso Piñeyro 1200 116 th Ave NE, Ste A Bellevue, WA 98004 Fax: 425-462-1878 E-mail: apineyro@u.washington.edu or cpkw@u.washington.edu

Copyright © 2009 by the Editorial Council for The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry.

Noteworthy Abstracts of the Current Literature

Shear bond strengths between different zirconia cores and veneering ceramics and their susceptibility to thermocycling

Guess PC, Kulis A, Witkowski S, Wolkewitz M, Zhang Y, Strub JR. Dent Mater 2008;24:1556-67.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength between various commercial zirconia core and veneering ceramics, and to investigate the effect of thermocycling.

Methods: The Schmitz–Schulmeyer test method was used to evaluate the core–veneer shear bond strength (SBS) of three zirconia core ceramics (Cercon Base, Vita In-Ceram YZ Cubes, DC-Zirkon) and their manufacturer recommended veneering ceramics (Cercon Ceram S, Vita VM9, IPS e.max Ceram). A metal ceramic system (Degudent U94, Vita VM13) was used as a control group for the three all-ceramic test groups (n = 30 specimens/group). Half of each group (n = 15) was thermocycled (5–55 °C, 20,000 cycles). Subsequently, all specimens were subjected to shear force in a universal testing machine. Fractured specimens were evaluated microscopically to determine the failure mode.

Results: The initial mean SBS values in MPa ± S.D. were 12.5 ± 3.2 for Vita In-Ceram YZ Cubes/Vita VM9, 11.5 ±

3.4 for DC-Zirkon/IPS e.max Ceram, and 9.4 ± 3.2 for Cercon Base/Cercon Ceram S. After thermocycling mean SBS

values of 11.5 ± 1.7 MPa for DC-Zirkon/IPS e.max Ceram, 9.7 ± 4.2 MPa for Vita In-Ceram YZ Cubes/Vita VM9, and

9.6 ± 4.2 MPa for Cercon Base/Cercon Ceram S were observed. Neither the differences between the SBS values of

the all-ceramic test groups nor the influence of thermocycling on all groups were statistically significant. Irrespective

of thermocycling the metal ceramic control group (27.6 ± 12.1 MPa, 26.4 ± 13.4 MPa) exhibited significantly higher mean SBS than all three all-ceramic groups tested. The all-ceramic groups showed combined failure modes as cohe- sive in the veneering ceramic and adhesive at the interface, whereas the metal ceramic group showed predominately cohesive fractures.

Significance: The results indicated that the SBS between zirconia core and veneering ceramics was not affected by thermocycling. None of the zirconia core and veneering ceramics could attain the high bond strength values of the metal ceramic combination.

Reprinted with permission from the Academy of Dental Materials.

The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry

Piñeyro and Wadhwani

The Journal of

Prosthetic Dentistry Piñeyro and Wadhwani The J ournal of Dentistry 417 News and Notes All items
Prosthetic Dentistry Piñeyro and Wadhwani The J ournal of Dentistry 417 News and Notes All items

Dentistry

417

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All items for this section must be in the Editor’s office 10 weeks before month of issue.

Meetings

Pacific Coast Society for Prosthodontics, Sunriver Resort, Sunriver, Ore, June 24 through 27,

2009

American Academy of Esthetic Dentistry, The Bellagio Resort, Las Vegas, Nev, August 2 through 5, 2009

Newport Harbor Academy of Dentistry, The Island Hotel, Newport Beach, Calif, September 18, October 16, November 13, and December 4, 2009

International Academy of Gnathology – American Section, Loews Vantana Canyon Resort, Tucson, Ariz, September 23 through 26, 2009

San Gabriel Valley Dental Implant Study Club, Langham Huntington Hotel and Spa, Pasadena, Calif, October 14, 2009

Turkish Prosthodontics and Implantology Association (Istanbul), Joint Meeting with International Computer Aided Implantology Academy, Movenpick Hotel, Congress & Exhibition Center, Istanbul, Turkey, October 16 and 17, 2009

Northeastern Gnathological Society, Chelsea Piers, New York, NY, October 30, 2009

American Academy of Maxillofacial Prosthetics, The Westin San Diego, San Diego, Calif, October 31 through November 3, 2009

Indian Prosthodontic Society, 37th Indian Prosthodontic Society Conference, Cochin, Kerala, India, November 10, 2009

American Equilibration Society, Chicago Marriott Downtown, Chicago, Ill, February 24 and 25,

2010

American Academy of Restorative Dentistry, The Drake Hotel, Chicago, Ill, February 27 and 28,

2010

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Awards and Grants Program sponsored by the Editorial Council

The Editorial Council for The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry is pleased to announce its Awards and Grants Program. The Council is interested in funding activities that will fulfill its mission and ultimately lead to manuscript publication in The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. These activities fall into 4 categories: Research Studies, Technical Procedures, Educational and Professional Meetings, and Special Projects. Further information and applications can be obtained by contacting: Dr Salvatore J. Esposito, 3609 Park East Dr, Suite 501N, Beachwood, OH 44122. Tel: (216) 292-5990. Fax: (216) 292-6999. E-mail: esposis@ eowdental.com

2009 Frechette Awards

The 2009 Frechette Awards were recently presented at the International Association for Dental Research (IADR) annual meeting in Miami, Fla (Fig. 1). The Frechette is the annual research competition for new investigators sponsored by the Prosthodontics Group of the IADR and honors the memory of Arthur R.

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for new investigators sponsored by the Prosthodontics Group of the IADR and honors the memory of