Documents in the Life of Sri Aurobindo

SRI AUROBINDO’S SPEECHES AND HIS MEETING WITH LELE

1

SPEECHES BEFORE SURAT

14 December 1907 Meeting in College Square, Sj. Arabinda Ghose took chair — object to request Rashbehari Ghose to retire in favour of Lajpat Rai. Audience numbered about 4,000. Arabindababu pressed by people to speak and made his maiden speech (in English). 15 December 1907 Another meeting — Beadon Square, with Pandit Mokshada Charan Samadhayi presiding. Audience would not rest till they heard Sj. Arabinda Ghose speak. So he had to and said, ―I have made it a rule not to speak in public and I have good reasons for it. I went to England when too young to learn mother tongue and I can‘t speak it. And rather than address you, my countrymen, in a language which is not mine and which is not yours I kept ‗self silent‘.‖ He then explained the position of the nationalists. 21 December 1907 Sjts. Arabinda Ghose and Syam Sundar Chakraborty left for Surat today. They had collected about 360/- for nationalist delegates to go to Surat. Extracts from the diary of Hemendra Prasad Ghose.
2

ON THE WAY TO SURAT — BARIN GHOSE’S ACCOUNT

With a canvas bag in my hand and a blanket over my shoulder I came to the Howrah Station and was shown by volunteers into a third class compartment in the Congress Special packed full of Congress delegates. Sri Aurobindo and Syam Sundar Chakravarty were sitting smiling in that compartment while J. Ghosal, the Congress Secretary of the moderate party, was travelling in a first class compartment in perfect European clothes and style. The train started in the midst of deafening cries of ―Bande Mataram‖ and the whole thousandmiles route from Kharagpur to Surat was a triumphal journey of lights, crowds, and continued cheering. The way-side stations even which the special did not touch were lined with admiring crowds and lights flashed and cheer after cheer rose and fell as the train leaping for a time into the lighted yard again rushed into the darkness of the night. We alighted at Amraoti and Nagpur. In both places a sea of heads covered the station and the adjoining grounds, and short halts were made in order to deliver appropriate speeches. Aurobindo the new idol of the nation was hardly known then by his face, and at every small and big station a frantic crowd rushed about in the station platform looking for him in the first and second class carriages, while all the time Aurobindo sat unobserved in a third class compartment. By the time this fact became known and he was found out, the train was about to start. In these days of style, luxury and easy leadership, no one could imagine that Aurobindo — nurtured and educated in England and a high official of His Highness the Gaikwad‘s service, who could leap into an all-India fame in such a short time, — would dream of travelling third class. J. Ghosal felt small in contrast and tried again and again to invite Aurobindo into his first class carriage and keep him there to save his face. This simplicity of Aurobindo was natural and quite unostentatious. All his life he wore nothing but his country-made dhoti, piran (Indian shirt) and a urani [shawl] with gold threads in its border. Small in stature and slender in build, this quiet unobtrusive man was very often lost in the crowd of his own admirers. When he rose to speak his voice was hardly audible except to those nearest to him, — that thin and almost girlish voice which in measured cadence gave vent to truths ringing with strength and beauty. Crowds of thousands materialised as if by magic and were kept spell-bound as it were in a dream by his wonderful personal magnetism. We detrained in Bombay; there a meeting was arranged on the sea beach. We could hardly walk to the place through the living streams converging through the streets and lanes towards the chosen spot, automatically stopping all vehicular traffic for a time. It was a sight for the Gods to see: the awakening of a whole nation from its age-long sleep and inertia into conscious life of flaming aspiration. From an unpublished manuscript entitled “Sri Aurobindo (As I Understand Him)” by Barindra Kumar Ghose.
3

NATIONALIST MEETING AT SURAT

Aurobindo said in his characteristic cryptic way.… It was no wonder then that we wished to take to spiritual means for a holy war against the British. Lele suddenly spirited Aurobindo away from the midst of all this commotion to a lonely old place tucked away in the heart of the city. The great Yogi Brahmananda of Nurbada had passed away some years before and I found his disciple Keshavananda to be a dry as dust pedant and a mechanical Hatha Yogi knowing no higher yoga at all. B. Vishnu Bhaskar Lele by name. Aurobindo had become the idol of the nation and a wonderful halo surrounded him producing a mysterious magnetic attraction for him in the hearts of our young men. my first psychic experience. Abstract of Intelligence. ―Lele is a wonderful Yogi. who was in national work anywhere. At that time nothing was more difficult than this to arrange. Anybody. It was the object of the Conference to enforce the views of the Nationalists on the Indian National Congress and to make the Congress. a great and abiding peace had descended on him which from thence forward formed the basis of all his future Sadhana. Khaparde of Amraoti Mr. 1 and signed the pledge of being Nationalists were admitted. the two of them sat wrapped in deep meditation facing each other. December 25th. observed that the object of the Conference was to disseminate the gospel of Nationalism and that for that purpose the Nationalists must be prepared to make all sorts of sacrifices. Their simple needs were looked after by Vishnu Bhaskar‘s wife. Deeply imbued with the cult of violence. When Aurobindo was at last permitted to come out and attend a meeting in the famous gymnasium there among his ardent admirers. learnt from the Irish Seinfeinners and Russian secret societies. He then called upon Mr. The meeting was not open to the public.m. Tilak to state in detail the object of the Conference. At that time there was a dawning sense growing in us — the young dedicated workers — that the deliverance of India was not possible without spiritual power. Volume XXI of 1908. Extract from Bombay Presidency Police. a body for the concentration of work. which had hitherto been a body for the concentration of opinion. I left Aurobindo alone with him for half an hour. There. But quite accidentally I had met for a few minutes a Maharashtra Brahmin. and immediately after Vishnu Bhaskar Lele arrived.G. myself and a Sannyasi. day in and day out. this idea of God helping the righteous even in murder and bloodshed being ingrained in man from his savage days. For the purpose of pushing forward the work of Nationalism an organisation was necessary and hence this conference. a matriculate girl of small stature of very subdued nature. 1907. Ghose. 4 “AUROBINDO’S SPIRITUAL INITIATION” [Excerpts from a chapter of Barin Ghose’s book] After the break up of the Congress at Surat Aurobindo came to Baroda. crowds surrounded our house and programmes of public meetings were being arranged for him. Day in and day out. — The first meeting of the Nationalists‘ Conference was held on the 24th December in the afternoon. A few months back while searching for a spiritual guide for our political workers I had been to Swami Brahmananda‘s Asram at Chandote on the banks of the river Nurbada. An idea of a Bhawani Mandir in the hills (a temple dedicated to that aspect of the Shakti which was worshipped by the great Sivajee of Aurangzib‘s time) was in the air among the secret workers. we in our blindness wanted to harness Divine power to our dark mission. I was sent along with another friend1 to Northern India to look for a Guru or spiritual guide who could guide India‘s destiny and train us — the future builders of the nation — along spiritual lines. in the Chandote Asram. presided. There were more than a thousand persons present. As soon as the Surat Congress was over I wired to Lele requesting him to come to Baroda to meet Aurobindo. page 5. pulled it for some distance. Aurobindo hearing about him from me had expressed a desire to meet this wonderful devotee of love. and equally ignorant of what spiritual power actually meant. I was also there and used to sit in meditation with them morning and evening in my restless and perfunctory way. He made me sit in a dark room with him for a few minutes and as a result three days afterwards I had my first glimpse of spiritual awakening. I met Lele again in a friend‘s house at Navasari. of the Bande Mataramfame. Crowds with flags and national cries followed us from the station and students unyoked a carriage and putting Aurobindo. My mind was divided between my ambitious national work and this inner life of Yoga. Only those who paid the fee of Re. On the motion of Mr. Babu Arvind Ghose. on it. Seven days passed almost in continuous and silent meditation2 while batches of young men traversed the town in search of their newlyfound leader who had so suddenly and mysteriously disappeared from among them upsetting all their crowded programmes and arrangements. In the midst of a surging crowd we reached Khasirao‘s [sic] Bungalow at 8 a. When he had left I asked my brother how he found him so far as Yoga was concerned.‖ The next day Lele came again and requested Aurobindo to sit with him continuously for seven days all alone and in silence in a quiet place.… . needed and sought his advice and guidance.Surat. I did know that this man was a great and real Yogi. the capital city of His Highness the Gaikwar. being elected to the Chair. While returning to Bengal quite disappointed in my quest. Sakhariaswami.

The following is the gist of the interpretation given:– It is difficult to satisfactorily explain all the speaker has said. eventually interpreted the speech.] Waman Sakaram Khare presided [at the meeting at Nasik on 25 January 1908] and the Babu [Sri Aurobindo] spoke in English. Be calm and remain surrendered.Lele had certainly acquired great yogic powers. Illustration. Lele said in answer. He commenced by explaining the meaning ofswarāj which is National independence.‖ Straight from this Aurobindo went to Poona. Below we give the parts of the report that were omitted from that issue. No. He was really a khanda yogī or an imperfect Yogi. A thunder roared in his ear and threw him inward and when he came out of this semi-involved state he found that the required speech had been already delivered. The absence of independence means the extinction of a nation. It is essential for the welfare and existence of a nation and we should not depend upon other nations. leaving everything to the higher power to arrange for you. Arvinda Ghose was present at a private meeting (besides a public meeting) which was attended by a select few. therefore. but he excused himself on the ground that he had not sufficiently grasped what the speaker said. In the presence of the vast concourse of people assembled on the station platform to see Aurobindo off. to translate it into Marathi. While leaving Baroda. be your guide and speak with your tongue.A. It is.4 From “Sri Aurobindo (As I Understand Him)”. will seldom yield to it as Lele did. viz. but they came to grief with the downfall of the Roman Empire owing to a lack of independence. The next morning‘s papers showed him what he had actually said. Pleader.. Shivaji succeeded in establishing it and liberated the country from the clutches of Mahomedans. Belgaum and other places. 1. Volume XXI of 1908. Extract from Bombay Presidency Police. but with a mind completely empty of thoughts.B. however. It was a unique speech. When I am away. including certain Extremists. the bulk of that part of the report that precedes the speech as printed in A & R (to be read after “accompanies”. The inhabitants of those countries like ourselves enjoyed peaceful rule. A voice will wake up in you. but that the country should be entirely under our control. I shall. He had to face a huge audience in a monster meeting. Abstract of Intelligence. What transpired at this meeting is not known. A & R. Vol. Patankar. The whole thing was such a childish trick to show himself off as the spiritual preceptor of this great leader of all-India political fame! A yogi. and gave the already famous Aurobindo an unrivalled position as a political leader with spiritually prophetic vision unknown before in the history of India. 1. 2).. confine myself to the principal points in his speech. Aurobindo could feel and clearly detect the very human frailty of this wonderful man.3 how he could possibly do such vast amount of mental work and address meetings when his mind had become so very calm and passive but his political works demanded from him continuous application of active mental labour and efforts. but was not admitted to the secret conclave. this voice will tell you what to do. in response to a call from the chair. — In ancient times the Romans ruled over many countries. Mr. and we are bound to share . Aurobindo got up to speak not only without previous preparation. p. which would hasten the attainment of the aspirations of Nationalists. You have only to obey it and both your Sadhana and your work will develop side by side automatically. that it was given out that within a definite time a blow would be struck simultaneously at Poona. Swarāj does not mean Colonial selfGovernment according to the English idea. page 324. He rose to speak without preparing his speech and almost went through the identical experience which had come to Vivekananda before delivering his maiden speech at the Parliament of Religions in Chicago. yet he had his frailties too. The inhabitants of Maharashtra are not ignorant of the meaning of swarāj. 6 NASIK SPEECHES [Two portions of a police report on Sri Aurobindo’s doings in Nasik in January 1908 were published in the first issue of Archives and Research as the introduction and text ofNasik Speech. Aurobindo had asked him earlier in the day. Lele most unnecessarily made him come down from his compartment and bow down to his feet in the full view of the multitude. ―You need not think at all. B. stated by a Native gentleman of good position who attended the public meeting. and the three paragraphs of the report that follow the speech. conscious of his own vital nature and its weakness. At the conclusion of his speech Waman Sakaram Khare asked Mr. Ramchandra Ganesh Pradhan. The gentleman can say nothing definitely as to what was referred to. 5 SECRET POONA MEETING Information has been received that while at Poona. LL.

It is not a mathematical problem. therefore. ―This morning he gave a lecture at the Vijayanand Theatre. Bengalis thoroughly understand these principles. We should. to protect religion I create myself in every age‖ [and continued:] ―So said God. We should consider ourselves mentally independent. therefore. ―No matter what calamity may befall me I will reach the goal‖ should be the motto of all Indians. Two pleaders Messrs. an ex-vakil. ―The time is near at hand when God will appear in the world. Aravind Ghosh of Bande Mataram fame arrived in Dhulia yesterday by the 5 p. Hari Rowji Moothe. Pan supari and garlands were given every few paces. — The District Magistrate writes on the 26th instant:– ―Mr. boycott. I hear. Punchevate. — Supposing I were to usurp another man‘s house and restore it to the owner. idle to suppose that the people who have conquered this country with intent to drain its wealth will quit it.‖ Extract from Bombay Presidency Police. after which the meeting dissolved. The procession lasted for two hours. 7 DHULIA SPEECH West Khandesh. Abstract of Intelligence. He was then escorted to his lodgings amid tumultuous yells of Bande Mataram and subsequently left Nasik Road Station by the Delhi Express for Dhulia. He said ―It is needless to exhort people of Nasik. the swarāj-seekers. India is bound to prosper and religion will spread. Man is God‘s creature and He should be trusted. We should put aside self-interest and work in unity with each other. The Irish people. We should trust in God. as they know by past history how to ameliorate their condition. Abstract of Intelligence. The subject-matter of the lecture was swadeshi. It is. Illustration. Extract from Bombay Presidency Police. [Here the speech] On the 25th idem the Babu made another speech in the temple of Rama. though bodily we are not. It is absurd to suppose that the Sovereign power will give us independence of their own free will. to punish the wicked. He was then garlanded and presented with an address in Sanskrit. Mr. All the school-boys of Dhulia and all the pleaders were present. swarajya and national education. This you will only realize by belief and firm faith. to an audience of about 200. Songs were sung in his honour and the carriage was dragged by the school-boys. had gone to Chalisgaon to meet him and bring him here. ―He leaves. January 29th. Gadre. trust in God. A few houses in the city were illuminated. Three demons have been created in the world. There is a vast difference in his speech as given in the Wrata as compared with the interpretation rendered by Mr. Bengalis trust the people of Maharashtra to carry out this object. The second is a nation having a desire to extend supremacy over other nations by grinding them down. the distance being only 1½ miles. Dev and Chhandorkar.m. and if we ventilate our views we shall in the end undoubtedly succeed in obtaining swarāj. If we make efforts to obtain it. Shouts of Bande Mataram andShri Shivajiki jai were frequent. ‗Nationalists‘ volunteers with their flags were present. therefore. who also invited him to visit Nasik again. We should. A great demonstration was made on his arrival to welcome him. He was garlanded by many. a struggle between us. An account of the Babu‘s arrival at the station. but I have not got the full reports yet. is bound to ensue. I should be homeless. 8 . The first is a nation having a desire to enrich itself by looting wealth of others.m. I hear he was very moderate and reasonable in his speech.‖ At the close of his speech he was thanked by Mr. The theatre and compound was crowded — about two to three thousand men and boys being present. It is also absurd to suppose that they will be so liberal as to confer on us self-Government which we so sadly need. pages 57-58. train this evening. his reception in the City and his speech are given on page 2 of the Nasik Wrata of the 25th instant which accompanies. The Moderates seem to be dubious of success owing to our weakness.‖ He then quoted the following passage from the Bhagwat Gita. took the chair.the same fate in the absence of swarāj. though slaves of the English. pages 80-82. Volume XXI of 1908. Volume XXI of 1908. but a question of confidence. When the time comes the 33 crores of gods will destroy the above said demons. train. and the Sovereign power. enjoy freedom of thought. The procession finished by torchlight. — ―To save the pious. The third is an atheist. Pradhan. guard ourselves against such a calamity. for Calcutta by the 6-10 p.

The place was crowded to suffocation and though it caused me great inconvenience I am glad I went to Arvinda Babu‘s lecture.S.m. A resolution expressing public sympathy for Moulvi Leakat Hussain. forgetting their party differences. Babu Aravinda Ghosh reached Nagpur on the morning of 30th January 1908 by the mail. Everyone who heard his lectures was deeply touched. I could not accompany him. Everywhere he was accorded a grand reception. 9 NAGPUR SPEECHES The fact that Babu Aravinda Ghosh will stop at Nagpur on his way back to Calcutta from the Surat Congress and that he has even started from Bombay being known to the people of Nagpur. But my desire to attend his lecture was so great that in spite of fever I went to ―Indrabhuwan Theatre‖ at 7 p. 29 January 1908 My illness has increased. on Saturday. Akola and Amraoti on his way. He delivered his third lecture before the merchants of the Itwari Bazar. I am a Head Constable. After Mr. Dhulia. Munje and other leaders received him. The audience was spell-bound when Babu Aravinda Ghosh spoke. The young man arranged a procession in the evening. Khan.m. He had put up in the house of Kesheo Rao Gokhale at Sitabaldi. Though.AMRAOTI SPEECHES — DADASAHEB KHAPARDE’S ACCOUNT 28 January 1908 Babu Arvinda is staying with me with his companion. in response to the importunate requests of his countrymen. Extracts from the diary of G. The people of Dhulia. Babu Aravinda Ghosh stood up amidst thundering cheers and loud shouts of Bande Mataram and spoke as follows:– [Here the third speech] Translation (slightly edited) by A. . Alekar (pleader) had explained the reason why no president was elected that evening. Khaparde. Babu Aravinda Ghosh spoke as follows:– [Here the first speech] The next day on that very spot there was a large gathering at 7-30 a. Akola and other places welcomed him. Nagpur. It was very grand and Arvinda was taken round the city. Extra-Assistant Commissioner on Special Duty. Were you Head Constable in Nagpore city for fifteen years? — Yes. He had to stop at Nasik. as settled before. He began by saying: [Here the second speech] After this (speech) a Pada or song on the present condition of Sanmitra Samaj of Poona was sung. Nagpur. for want of previous intimation. The exact date of his arrival being unknown. Norton. It was [a] really theosophic address giving the basis of Indian nationalism. congratulating him for the wonderful courage exhibited by him. At every place he delivered lectures full of eloquence. It repaid all troubles. was unanimously passed. Nagpur.A. still Dr. Afterwards Babu Aravinda Ghosh made a speech full of earnestness and pathos on ―Our Work in the Future‖. such as would enkindle a flame of national devotion in the hearts of the people. Babu Sahib was to go away on Saturday by the mail but was prevailed upon to stay on this day. and there was such a silence that one could have heard the falling of a needle. I am [an] inhabitant of Nagpore. Examined by Mr. On Thursday evening he delivered a beautiful lecture on ―The aims of the Nationalist Party‖ at the Surat Congress. in the Venkatesh Theatre. of a Marathi pamphlet entitled “Lectures Delivered by Babu Aravinda Ghosh at Nagpur. many of them had been visiting the railway station almost daily during the whole week. enthusiasm and love. the impatience of young men increased daily.” 10 SRI AUROBINDO AT NAGPUR — A POLICE SPY’S TESTIMONY My name is Bulwant Krishan. by caste I am a Brahmin. there was not a large gathering at the railway station. To my great sorrow I could not attend Arvinda Babu‘s lecture in Jog Square.

Do you know Arabindo Ghose. Was not the carriage stopped on the way and the party garlanded? — Yes. by name and sight? — Yes. where the students gave him a grand ovation. Were songs sung? — Yes. Did you see him at Nagpore? — Yes. and a musical party? — Yes. Were songs sung at Nagpore singing the praise of Aurobindo Ghose? — Yes. Munji is an eye doctor. Norton. . Dr. Were there acclamations shouting joy in the names of Aurobindo. Dr. Nairan Rao is a pleader. when he left. These speeches were [sic] an exhortation to the people in favour of the Swadeshi movement and national education. a Nagpore pleader. Shamsundar Chakravorti. He looks ill. Did he speak on these occasions? — Yes. which he did with difficulty. He delivered lectures.… Witness said he followed Arabindo to the Railway station. The witness read out another report in Hindi describing the visit of Aurobindo Ghose to Nagpore accompanied by Shamsundar Chakravorti. Nagpore. He spoke in English. on the 5th [should be 22nd] December 1907 and 30th and 31st January 1908.… After the tiffin interval. Witness walked up to the dock to identify Babu Arabindo Ghose. did you go to the station? — Yes. Arabindo did not contradict that statement. Was Aurobindo driven from Silabari to the temple of Namaleli in a carriage of 4 horses followed by 40 torches. and Nairan Rao Alkar on the platform. Were betels distributed? — Yes. There was also Keshab Gopal Gokhale. Lala Lajpat Roy and Bal Gangadhar Tilak? — Yes. delivered by Aurobindo Ghose at Nagpur. and reproducing the substance of his speech delivered in English [in January/February 1908].… To what politics do these gentlemen belong? — They are extremists. Norton — I must say. he is much changed. Bulwant Rao. I saw Arabindo at the station. Munji was also there. What did they do with Mr. How many men were present at this speech? — 850 to 900 men were present.… On the 27th [should be 22nd] December. Arabindo Ghose was introduced by Dr. was resumed by Mr. There were three or four thousand people present. Mr. Ghadrie and Keshab Gopal Gokhale. Arabindo Ghose‘s carriage? — They dragged it for some distance. Were there students? — Some 300 or 400. Srikrishna Khaparde. Witness read out his Hindi report of an English speech. You heard the sound of ―Bande Mataram‖? — Yes. pleader.… Is not this sort of pomp and pageantry displayed on the occasion of Raja‘s visits? — Yes.Judge — He is now. Where was the lecture delivered? — At the Raghubir Theatre. the examination of the same witness. The carriage was afterwards drawn by boys? — Yes. Arabindo was introduced as the Editor of the ―Bande Mataram‖ while he was going to the Surat Congress. Constable.

e. In the evening Arabindo delivered a speech regarding the Congress fiasco before the extremist leaders and an audience of nearly 300 or 400 people. a public meeting of the citizens of Poona was held in Gaekwad‘s Wada under the presidentship of Mr. Arabindo Ghose arrived at Dhulia by the 5 p. It was presided over by Arabindo who spoke on the split in the Congress and only the extremists were allowed to attend it. Ajit Singh and others spoke to impress the cult of the nationalist upon the audience. On the same day at 6 p. as reprinted the next day in the Bengalee (Calcutta). came to the railway station at Bilaspore to meet Arabindo Ghose and on the 3rd the Modi boys attending the Kampti High School met him at the Kampti railway station and garlanded him when he was returning from Nagpore to Calcutta. Another meeting was convened by the extremists at Haripara Ghukanta Wadi at 5 p. Paranjpe.S. at the Venkatesh Theatre.m.m.5 Abinash Bhattacharjee. The object of this Conference was to spread the gospel of nationalism. i. On the evening of the 1st February Arabindo Ghose travelled in procession from Sitabaldi to Nana Teli‘s Mondir in the city where he delivered his third and last speech in English before an audience of 800 people on trade.S. At 5 p. he broke his journey at Akola on his way back to Calcutta. On the 2nd February 1908 a number of people. On the 13th January 1908 at 6 p. Arabindo again made a speech at the same place on the Congress fiasco. On the next day.Testimony given at Alipore Sessions Court on 28 January 1909. On his way he broke his journey at Nagpore on 22nd December 1907.m. on 28th December 1907.m. boycott. one in English and the other in Sanskrit. Hemendra Prosad Ghose. He left Nagpore at 6 p. boycott and national education. and then he delivered a speech on swadeshi and swaraj. he addressed in English an open-air meeting in front of the old Wada.m. Khaparde to whose house he was taken from the railway station. swaraj and national education. and the Conference requested the Congress to move resolutions on swaraj. Arabindo arrived at Nagpore on the 30th January and was received by Dr. Gadre and others. He was taken to the house of K. Khare. On the 24th December 1907 at Surat Arabindo presided over the first meeting of the Nationalists‘ Conference held in camera. On the invitation of pleaders at Akola. He left Amraoti for Nagpore on the 30th January 1908. Gadre and others and was taken to the garden of Gopal Rao Buti. on the same day. He was first given two addresses. He left Calcutta with Syam Sunder Chakravarty.m.m.m. Suresh Chandra Samajpati and Barendra Kumar Ghose for Surat on 21st December 1907 to attend the Indian National Congress.m. Arabindo again delivered a speech before a large number of people on the song ―Bande Mataram‖ at Jog‘s Square in front of the Kasi Bai private school. Nearly 500 boys attended the meeting. train on the 25th January 1908 and was received with a great ovation at the railway station. a pleader. He stayed with Mr. the 29th January. Arabindo delivered an address giving a brief sketch of the new movement of the nationalists in the region of politics. at Ghukanta Wadi with the object of starting an organisation for teaching how to preach on the subject of nationalism. he addressed some 400 men and 400 boys at the Raghubir Theatre on swadeshi and swaraj and urged their attendance at the Indian National Congress. and reached the Undrabhubon [sic] Theatre at 7 p. Dr. Mughi [? Munji]. This meeting was presided over by Mr. . On the 24th January Arabindo Ghose arrived at Nasik Road station and was taken to the house of W. chiefly Maharatta Brahmins. Anna Saheb Patwardhan. education and municipality.. On the 29th December a strictly confidential meeting was held under the Presidentship of Arabindo Ghose at 2 p.e. Arabindo arrived at Amraoti on the 28th January from Dhulia and Akola and stayed there as a guest of G. Gadre.000 people organised in his honour. i. a public meeting was held at ―Balajis Tekdi‖ at Surat when Arabindo with Tilak. an ex-vakil. On the next day. the 31st January. At 5-40 p. He then left Nasik by the Delhi express for Dhulia.R. He was received at the railway station by Dr. when he addressed about 3. mostly boys.000 men. Arabindo left Khaparde‘s house in his victoria along with the procession of nearly 4.. and affairs in Bengal. On the morning of the 26th January Arabindo addressed an audience of 2 to 3 thousand men and boys on swadeshi.m. On the same day at about 10-15 a. swaraj and national education. 11 A SUMMARY OF THE “TOUR” The Jessore District Conference nominated Arabindo Ghose as one of the delegates to the Surat Congress. Gokhal.000 people in English on swadeshi. At Rama Theatre he delivered a speech on ―The means to improve the status of India‖ to nearly 1.

3 Not necessarily this day. Barin seems to have been writing under the impression that Sri Aurobindo and Lele parted at the station. Upen’s account of the journey is contained in the first chapter of his Nirbasiter Atmakatha (Memoirs of a Revolutionary). pp. 84. but Lele in fact accompanied Sri Aurobindo to Poona and Bombay. pp. 5 Hemendra Prasad Ghose in fact stayed in Calcutta (see Document 1).Extract from Government of India. 85. According to Sri Aurobindo he obtained the experience of the Silent Brahman in three days (or two or “really in one” day) of meditation with Lele. 4 The speech to which this description especially applies is the Bombay National Union speech of 19 January. In the manuscript of Barin’s book. 1 Upendranath Banerjee. He may have remained in seclusion with Lele for some days more before going out to give lectures etc. Numbers 33-40. Barin may have been guilty of some romantic overstatement. the sentence beginning “A thunder roared” is barred in the margin. 70-71. and three exclamation marks are placed beside it. 49. . Home Department. 82. which was seen and marked by Sri Aurobindo. See On 2 Himself. Political A.

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