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E.Satish Kumar 08T91A0409
DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS & COMMUNICATIONS CHAITANYA INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
more idea and information what he is who is with “Implementation Glucose Biochips” “Implementation Oxygen Biochips” 2 sensor detector of in of in actually doing it. and your life ………… FUTURE One card. goes more on the for digitalized. The power of biochips exists in capability of locating downed wandering patients. hawker tricks variety secured internet…. Electronics & Biology. . your cash … credit cards … ATM card … ID cards … insurance.& Social .” “Biochips”-The most exciting future technology is an outcome of the fields of Computer science. Our contributions to this paper lie in the aspects of lost children. and who is to accurately track regarding doing. It’s no required of biochips the good old remembering pesky PINs. or one chip. with your life on it.No of No market records security more carrying to a more place. . goes ABSTRACT A single electronic card may replace everything in your wallet including. . . . to the cash/credit card carrying everything Every thing No embedded in the chip…. Its a new type of bio-security device to accurately information track regarding numbers matters medical hospital. and Alzheimer soldiers. what a person is doing. . . Passwords.! Biochip has a technique E-money transactions on the net. .
“Implementation in Biochips” of the detector. Electronic ID. They 3 number. perform computer chip that can mathematical operations in one second. no Typically. A simple ID chip is already walking around in tens of thousands of individuals. larger than Like millions a a a of biochip's surface area is fingernail. and Electronic Identification Devices. Calif. Calif. (Cleburne. TX. The chips are uncooked grain of rice. Inc. The Biochip tagging for humans has already started…Rush out for your tag!!!!! INTRODUCTION A biochip is a collection of miniaturized test sites (micro arrays) arranged substrate many on that tests a to solid permits be performed at the same time in order to achieve higher throughput and speed. small using syringe injected under the skin hypodermic needle.) sell both detectors. and of to (Santa the an be Barbara.). database listings of registered pets. the of chips the size enough a Ltd. a biochip can perform thousands of biological reactions. held just a few feet away. but all of them are pets. out is by an then transmitting identification This number to compared Blood pressure sensor “Proposal of Solution for the typical theft problem faced by the Biochips The four contributions have been discussed in detail with the proposed principles for implementation of the concepts. such respond to a signal from . Companies such as AVID (Norco.).
Identification and Corporation. Destron-Fearing monitoring lab animals. endangered automobiles.as decoding genes. Trovan Systems.D.I. So. Biochips inching and are into THE BIOCHIP humans. it’s use now includes. In . agencies in at least 20 countries. in use. Today’s. breast implants. are implanted in people each year.V. waste. And most of these medical carrying devices a are "surprise" guest — a biochip.. (American Veterinary Identification Devices). etc. chin implants. devices). (everything from lizards "branding" fisheries. to dogs). the Food and Drug Administration passed the Safe Medical Devices Registration Act of 1993. Biochips are any microprocessor chips that can be used in Biology. garment hazardous humans. 6 recipients implants prosthetic devices all artificial body implants to have originally developed in fisheries. over 80 government pets electronic of horses. for identification purposes. biochip implant is basically a small (micro) computer chip. in a few seconds. technology 1983 for The biochip was monitoring 1993. such as artificial body parts (prosthetic TECHNOLOGY The current. over 300 zoos. To date. wildlife. For instance. inserted under 4 the skin. the yearly. requiring "implanted" identification million breast — the of and are biochip. over 7 million animals have been "chipped". at least 6 million medical devices. tracking. biochip implant system is actually a fairly simple device. "silently" "biochipped". The major biochip companies are A.
meaning it contains no battery or energy of its own. Computer Microchip: The microchip stores a unique identification number from 10 to 15 digits long. it has a very long life. The reader "reads" or "scans" the implanted biochip and THE SYSTEM BIOCHIP IMPLANT CONSISTS TWO COMPONENTS: OF receives back data (in this case an identification number) biochip. In comparison. passive. normally a small battery. it's frequency radio signals to communicate the biochip and reader. The storage 5 provide its own energy source. transponder an active would TRANSPONDER CONSISTS FOUR PARTS: 1. or nothing to wear out.The biochip system is radio identification system. It is a passive transponder. Because the passive biochip contains . using frequency (RFID) lowbetween no battery. from the The communication between biochip and reader is via low-frequency waves. and Being no maintenance. inactive until the reader activates it by sending it a low-power electrical charge. PERSPECTIVE THE ACTUAL SIZE OF radio THE TRANSPONDER: The is the transponder biochip actual THE BIOCHIP OF implant. up to 99 years.
AVID (American Identification Veterinary Devices). Glass number is encoded it is impossible to alter. 4. The capacitor stores the small electrical charge (less than 1/1000 of a watt) sent by the reader or scanner. the capsule is hermetically simple. It is a small measuring 11 mm in length and 2 mm in diameter. capable of storing only a single ID number. After assembly. which activates the transponder. 3. radio antenna "receives scanner. using an nnn-nnn-nnn format. so no . has the capability of over 70 trillion unique numbers. This "activation" allows the transponder to send back chip. 2. coil of copper wire around a ferrite or iron core. Antenna Coil: This is normally a Capsule: glass coil the capsule and smallest The antenna capsule. Tuning signals from the reader or Capacitor: 6 (air-tight) sealed. This and tiny.capacity of the current microchips is limited. about the size of an uncooked grain of rice. reader. the capacitor is "tuned" frequency as the reader. The unique ID number is "etched" or encoded via a laser onto the surface of the before Once the microchip assembly. the ID number "radio between and same encoded in the computer Because waves" are utilized to communicate the transponder to the claims their chips. The capsule is made of biocompatible material such as soda lime glass. capacitor. "houses" the microchip. The microchip also contains the electronic circuitry necessary to transmit the ID number to the "reader". sends" primitive.
coil which an field The biochip is inserted into the subject with a hypodermic Injection simple.bodily fluids can touch the electronics inside. markets an implant. provides the necessary energy (less than 1/1000 of a watt) to "excite" or "activate" the implanted biochip. the biochip is usually injected behind the neck between the shoulder blades. provides a material is sheath such as a polypropylene sheath This a attached to one end of the compatible and cats. Trovan. The reader also carries a receiving coil that receives the transmitted code or ID comparable is vaccines. common Anesthesia required is syringe.." THE READER: The reader consists of an "exciter" creates electromagnetic BIOCHIP AND SYRINGE surface. which the bodily tissue fibers bond or interconnect. via radio signals. Because the glass is very smooth and susceptible to movement. safe and to not nor 7 that. The number can never be altered. featuring a patented "zip quill". which you simply press in. Ltd. . resulting in a permanent placement of the biochip. identity virtually impossible to retrieve . the According tag to is AVID "Once implanted. . recommended. no syringe is needed. polymer capsule. In dogs .
number sent back from the "activated" implanted biochip. electromagnetic field. The reader can include a RS232 port to attach a computer. The reader must normally be 8 between 2 and 12 inches connected to the Internet. anywhere in the world is possible: Once the reader is WORKING OF A BIOCHIP: The reader generates a low-power. The reader biochip communicate metal. in milliseconds. The reader amplifies the received code. converts it to digital format. everything person: An implanted biochip can be scanned to pay for groceries. It is always possible to trace out the personality intended. This "activation" enables the biochip to send the ID code back to the reader via radio signals. This all takes place very fast. The reader also contains the software and components to decode the received code and display the result in an LCD display. through most materials. data. in this case via radio signals. A biochip can store and update medical. which "activates" the implanted biochip. satellite and a centralized database is maintained about the biochipped creatures. near and the biochip to can communicate. obtain medical procedures. decodes and displays the ID number on the reader's LCD display. demographic basically about a . and conduct financial. except THE APPLICATIONS: With a biochip tracing of a person/animal.
Biochips potent in passports. 60% of the Business transactions will be performed through the Internet. security" dilemma faced by the digital economy. really cash. this powerful tool can turn dangerous. This type of new biosecurity device is capable of accurately tracking regarding information Currently. Hackers have already broken into bank files that were 100% secure. The Internet wasn't built to be Fort Knox. isn't necessarily secure. authentication procedures may all be done by the means Biochips. medical & other records! It’s no more required to carry wallet full cash. . the in use. Payment system. It is expected that by 2008. A biochip is the possible solution to the "identification and 9 records to the market place. through the Internet. implanted biochips only store one 10 to 15 digits. The EE-Commerce what users are doing.financial transactions. are and replacing medical records: The biochip really powered can systems replace cash. the world is very quickly going to a digital or E-economy. and who are to accurately track doing. and information who is regarding what users are actually doing it. medical money future. however. If biochips are designed to accommodate with more ROM & RAM there is definitely an opportunity. 0 A biochip leads to a secured systems: It’s a fact. passports. credit/ATM passports & cards. In the wrong hands.
there are other variations that detect quantities proteins chemicals sample.Biochips . for example. Biochip analysis machines the size of an inkjet printer are commercially available Agilent Packard) from (Hewlettand companies such as biological samples such semen and instantaneously analysed fewer than five years. For example. bioMérieux’s “Food Expert-ID” chip . and be In Future them useful for detecting biowarfare agents or disease. Using Biochips for Disease Detection Animals and for Tracing the Source of Foods Chips can be used for early disease detection in animals. biochips have become a standard technology for genomics now and and drug into safety discovery and they are moving food commercial applications Using Biochips in Biowarfare Agents or in Disease Detection Applications In addition to DNA biochips.each able to process up to 50 samples in around half an hour. biochips. in minute of and a making 10 healthcare Motorola . tissue can manipulated.Current and Industry Applications Using as blood. are developing biochips that will detect common diseases borne by ticks. Researchers at the University of Pretoria. Biochips can also be used to trace the source of food and feeds.
pig and other livestock that hoping relate to to valuable identify gene sequences commercially traits such as disease resistance and leanness of meat. breeders . geneticists are now rapidly sequencing the genomes of cattle. With the mapping of the human genome behind them. detect the presence of products from forty different species as a means to locate the source of pathogens . but the need to draw blood means that most diabetics don't test themselves as often as they should. poultry.a response to public health threats such as avian flu and mad cow disease How Biochips Medicinal implementations of Biochips: Biochip Detector: The Biochip can be as Glucose might be used in Animal Breeding to Remove Diseases One goal is to Genetic integrated with a glucose detector. Diabetics currently use a skin prick and a hand-held blood test. Although they may get away with this in the short term.rapidly animal tests feed to will be able to speedily identify champion breeders and screen out genetic diseases. functionalise biochips for breeding purposes. and then medicate themselves with insulin depending on the result. The system is simple and works well. sheep. By including probes for these traits on biochips. The chip will allow diabetics to easily monitor the level of the sugar glucose in their blood. in later suffer 11 life from those who monitored infrequently blindness.
The solution is more frequent testing. but packages of food. Proposed principle of Glucose detection: A light-emitting diode (LED) in the biochip starts off the detection process. Biochip sensor: as Oxygen The biochip can also be integrated oxygen useful monitor also to with sensor not only an . or containers semiconductors under nitrogen remain airtight. so the same chip is a pulse monitor.loss of circulation. and other complications. invasive biochip underneath using will the a less The sit skin. 12 intensive care units. . The light is absorbed extents. oxygen sensor will be breathing check sense the glucose level. to varying on the chip depending carried and in the sensor in how much oxygen is detects the light that is left.The to in that of stored gas. method. The longer wavelength of light is then detected. The light that it produces that absorbs hits a fluorescent chemical: one incoming light and re-emits it at a longer wavelength. Glucose is detected because the sugar reduces the amount of light that the fluorescent chemical re-emits. Proposed principal of Oxygen Biochip: The oxygen-sensing chip sends light pulses out into the body. and send the result back out by radio-frequency communication. The more glucose there is the less light that is detected. The rushes of blood pumped by the heart are also detected. and the result is sent to a control panel outside the body. being blood.
An integration of Pressure (Blood Flow) detecting circuits with the Biochip can make the chip to continuously monitor the blood flow rate & when the pressure is in its low or high extremes it can be immediately to take up informed remedial Pressure sensor: In normal situations. If cash no longer existed and if the world’s economy was totally chip oriented. It’s always possible to embed this type of sensors into a . Typical Problem of Biochips: A Solution Proposed – The Lock: Problem before the world A chip implant would a person’s contain financial world. A huge variety of through the reader hence measures. Serious Effects humans during Low & High BP conditions. — there would be a huge "black-market" for chips! Since there is no cash and 13 hardware circuitry (sensors) is available in electronics to detect the flow of fluid. it may sometimes cause the death of a Person. Blood Pressure is checked with BP Apparatus in Hospitals and this is done only when the patient is abnormal. A Pressure ratio lower than this is said to be “Low BP “ condition & A Pressure ratio more than this will is be “High reflected BP” in condition. The Blood Pressure of a healthy Human being is 120/80 mm of Hg. health care — it would contain his electronic life". However. medical history.Biochip as a Blood biochip. a continuous monitoring of BP is required in the aged people & Patients.
1999) proposed different people: The Biochip must retain data only if it is placed in a fluid medium like blood & not in any other medium. which are normally permanent in nature. The induction of RAM addition storing component to the ROM in & bodies (murdered by the kidnappers) as it loses the data about the social security number.. Biochip must be erased if sunlight/air." The won’t already (New typical work York solutions well are by Times. Passport bankcard many dangerous because once kidnappers get to know about these chips. And such……. Financial details which causes the problem is a mere solution. 0 it is The data in the exposed to Bankcard. stealing chips. "It "rich-folks" is very unsuitable transplantation of biochip from genuine to the fraud in darkness (by means of infrared light) or in the vacuum (by means of oxygen cylinders). criminals would cut off hands and heads.!!!!!!!! Solution: A generic & existing model of Biochips consists of only ROM component in it and is capable of accommodating the data such as social security number. This technique is unsuitable identification of for dead number etc.no other bartering This technique is as system. number. As RAM needs to be continuously 14 charged inorder to retain the data. . they will skin people to find them. June 20.
passport. driver's license.”This is a true example to prove science really starts with fiction”.Current can be supplied to the chip either from the electrical energy produced in the cells or by converting the heat energy in our body to electrical energy. Once if the chip is taken out from the human body RAM immediately loses the Power supply from the human body. thus information in the RAM is lost and therefore is useless kidnappers.google. No longer would it be needed to worry about losing the credit cards while traveling.” The day in which we have chips embedded in our skins is not too far from science stuff. IEEE MICROWAVES MAGAZINE. for the bodies might serve as a combination of credit card.answers. personal diary.com somewhere . REFERENCES ELECTRONICS FOR & CONCLUSION The Cyber Future InfoTech implanted bodies.com www. A chip inserted into human bodies might also give us extra mental power. www. The really fascinating "but we're idea is under fast track research close.e." now. Social security number that can be used to detect the address of the dead bodies that were unidentified. However this technique will not affect the data in ROM i. A chip implanted in human 15 will in be our YOU INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY MAGAZINES. "This is fiction .
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