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Web Quiz Assignment Name: Howell, Fundamental Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences, 7e, Chapter 1

1 If you want to study the effect of hormonal changes in adolescent boys, your population would be: a. all people in the world. b. all males. c. all adolescents. d. all adolescent males.

correct: d

## 2 Which of the following is most likely to be measured categorically?

a. Weight gain in first year college students. b. Level of authoritarianism in a sample of public accountants. c. Species of dogs appearing in the Sunday comics. d. Deterioration in driving performance under the influence of alcohol. correct: c

## a. Population: Statistic; Sample: Parameter

b. Population: Parameter; Sample : Statistic c. Population: Statistic; Statistic : Sample d. Parameter: Statistic; Sample : Population correct: b

4 Which of the following is least likely to be a factor in selecting among statistical procedures? a. The type of data we have collected. b. How many observations we have. c. Whether we are looking at relationships or differences. d. How many groups or variables we have. correct: b

5 Which of the following best illustrates the conclusions that statisticians draw from experiments? a. Y = 12X2 3X - 7 b. The average of the sample is 12.4 c. Male teenage delinquents show higher levels of testosterone on average than do male nondelinquents. d. The Gross National Product increased 2 points last year. correct: c

6 When given a cup of coffee before a race, a sample of runners were found to run the race faster than without coffee. If we then conclude that on average runners run faster after drinking coffee, this would be an example of: a. an illogical inference. b. an inferential inference. c. a statistical inference. d. a descriptive inference. correct: c

7 Which of the following is false? a. The average score on an example for a class is a descriptive statistic. b. A sample refers to the observations drawn from a population. c. Categorical data is also known as frequency data. d. We usually collect data from an entire population. correct: d

8 Which of the following is what we mean by "statistics"? a. Average of the heights of college basketball teams. b. A set of procedures for handling data. c. The batting averages of the local baseball team's starting players. d. All of these are examples of statistics. correct: d

9 In order for a researcher to be able to estimate accurately the parameters of a population from his or her sample, the sample must be: a. very large. b. racially diverse. c. low in variability. d. random. correct: d

10 Which of the following would come closest to recruiting a random sample of college students? a. Drawing 50 telephone numbers from a hat containing the phone numbers of all students. b. Advertising for 50 volunteers with posters in the dining halls. c. Asking 50 people in the library on Saturday morning to participate.

d. Calling the first 50 names from an alphabetical list of all students. correct: a

11 Which of the following is NOT a potential contextual cue in the study of mice injected with morphine? a. The morphine dose injected. b. The room the injection occurs in. c. The color of the cage the injection occurs in. d. The size of the cage the injection occurs in. correct: a

12 A researcher obtained attractiveness ratings on a scale from 1 to 100. She then classified people into "attractive" and "unattractive" groups on the basis of these scores. In this example, the researcher used ________ data to create ________ data. a. descriptive; inferential b. inferential; logical c. categorical; measurement d. measurement; categorical correct: d

13 Without a random sample, we cannot: a. calculate statistics. b. collect quantitative data. c. accurately estimate the parameters of a population. d. consult a decision tree to decide on an appropriate statistical procedure. correct: c

14 The amount of time it takes you to open a child-proof container is an example of: a. frequency data. b. measurement data. c. count data. d. categorical data. correct: b

a. nominal

b. ordinal

c. interval

d. ratio

correct: a

## 2 The major difference between an interval and a ratio scale is that:

a. with an interval scale you know which values represent more of the quantity.

## d. both scales carry the same level of information.

correct: c

3 If we are comparing the adrenaline scores of children who live near an airport with those who live away from an airport, the dependent variable is:

a. location.

c. stress.

correct: b

## 4 Which of the following is least likely to be an example of an independent variable?

a. gender

b. age

c. treatment condition

d. test score

correct: d

## 5 Which of the following is a discrete variable?

a. gender

b. age

c. height

d. depression score

correct: a

## 6 The Greek letter is a symbol for:

a. multiplication.

b. suppression.

d. summation.

correct: d

## 7 Which of the following is most certainly an ordinal scale?

a. football numbers

b. mailbox numbers

c. IQ scores

## d. Celsius temperature scale

correct: b

8 Calculate X2 with X1 = 2, X2 = 5.

a. 11

b. 29

c. 18

d. 49

correct: b

9 Professor Jeffrey assigned each of his students a number and selected 20 for his study by using a table of random numbers. Professor Jeffrey was interested in how the type of feedback received would affect the level of happiness in his students. The students were either praised or insulted and then the levels of happiness were measured by a questionnaire administered at the end of the study. What is the dependent variable of this study?

a. praise

b. feedback

c. students

d. happiness

correct: d

10 For the set of numbers: 1, 17, 19, 30, 87, X5 refers to:

## b. 1, 17, 19, 30, 87.

c. 87.

d. 5.

correct: c

11 For the following equation, which mathematical operation should be performed first?

a. 3 - 1

b. 6 + 2

c. 4 + 1

d. 2 4

correct: c

12 If a happiness scale had a true zero point, a score of zero would mean:

## a. low levels of happiness.

b. an absence of happiness.

## c. an arbitrary level of happiness.

d. nothing useful.

## 13 Which of the following types of variables cannot be continuous?

a. nominal variables

b. independent variables

c. dependent variables

d. quantitative variables

correct: a

14 The use of different colored boxes in the above example is most likely to be a:

correct: b

## 15 Which of the following is most likely to be an independent variable?

a. running speeds

b. depression scores

c. paw-lick latencies

d. forms of therapy