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Modeling Tube-to-Tube

August 19 - 2010

Modelling Tube-to-Tube contact in Abaqus using Part and Instance
Key Words: Abaqus, ITT21 or ITT31, *Interface, *Slide Line, Tube-to-Tube, Tube in Tube contact When using Abaqus CAE, and especially Native mesh (imported mesh), you normally get Parts and Instances in your abaqus input file. Tube-to-Tube modeling is not supported in the Abaqus CAE pre-processor, so you will have to modify your inputfile manually. This can be done in a couple of steps. Start out creating your model with beam, pipe or truss elements. Normally you would use Pipe Sections with predefined pipe properties, but in this example I am using Beam General Section. Figure 1 show the model which consists of the inner pipe (L=2m) with OD 20in (508 mm) and wt = 0.835in (21.2 mm), and the outer pipe (L=1m) with OD 30in (762mm) and wt= 1.0in (25.4mm).

Figure 1. Tube-to-Tube model

www.lhe.no/download/Abaqus_Tube-to-Tube_modeling.pdf

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Node number 1) 12. 3 Figure 2. You can see in the input file that Beam-1m has a native mesh. 2 (Element number 12.no/download/Abaqus_Tube-to-Tube_modeling.pdf 2 . 1 (Element number 11. Editing the inputfile The Tube-to-Tube contact can be defined in 4 steps.no Modeling Tube-to-Tube August 19 . Node number 2) 13. define the contact elements *Element. type=ITT31. meaning that the upper part of Beam-2m is not in contact with Beam-1m. Only the 10 lower nodes of Beam-2m are included in the slide line. ELSET=TTT 11. and the 1m outer pipe has got contact elements attached to its nodes.lhe.www. It doesn’t matter if the mesh is native (imported into CAE) or modeled in CAE. Defining contact elements ITT31 www. the 2 m inner pipe is defined as the Slide Line.lhe.2010 In our model. Step 1: Defining tube-to-tube contact elements In the Assembly section of the input file.

Radial Clearance Step 4: Defining Slide Line Finally. In our model. but in this case we have a liner or something in between. Normally. and Type=ITT31 together with three-dimensional beam. The slide line consists of nodes only. generate 11. See Figure 3 for details on radial clearance.001 m. Step 2: Defining element set for contact elements (optional) Since the ELSET for the contact elements (ELSET=TTT) is defined inside the Instance. This would not be necessary if you created the input file without parts and instances. so that the element set can be recognized when connected to the slide line. 1 Step 3: Defining Element Properties for contact elements Defining Contact element properties is very simple. the inner pipe is the slide line. NOTE: Since the nodes of the Beam-2m is defined inside the part. instance=Beam-1m. Remember to define later. www. an ELSET will have to be created outside the Instance too. elset=TTT. the slide line needs to be defined.pdf 3 .2010 Use contact Element of Type=ITT21 together with 2-dimensional beam. pipe or truss elements.no/download/Abaqus_Tube-to-Tube_modeling.lhe. see step 2. you are giving Elset=TTT defined above (the contact elements attached to Beam1m) the radial clearance 0. Elset=TTT 0. *Elset. the radial clearance is equal to the space between the inner diameter of the outer pipe and the outer diameter of inner pipe.21.www.lhe. Elset = TTT will not be recognized outside the Instance.001 Here. we are using the same name (TTT).no Modeling Tube-to-Tube August 19 . Figure 3. Figure 4 show the Slide Line. we need to include the part name with the node numbers. In our case. *Interface. pipe or truss elements. since there is only the radial clearance that needs to be defined.

the slide line should be attached to the inner tube.9.lhe. you are connecting the nodes in the slide line with ELSET=TTT.e. and TYPE=PARABOLIC to define a slide line made up of parabolic elements (B32 ) Figure 4.www.10.lhe. the slide line can be placed on the inner tube or the outer tube. Generally the slide line should be associated with the outer tube.3.7. i. Beam-2m. Beam-2m.2010 Choosing which pipe will have the slide line: In the case of internal tube-to-tube contact.no Modeling Tube-to-Tube August 19 . However. Beam-2m. Beam-2m. Note: In our model it was defined the “wrong” way. Beam-2m.1. Beam-2m. Beam-2m.4.5.8.6.pdf 4 . Beam-2m. Set TYPE=LINEAR to define a slide line made up of linear elements (B31). ELSET=TTT. Beam-2m. Slide Line www.11 In the *Slide Line command. if the inner tube is stiffer than the outer tube. *SLIDE LINE. Beam-2m. inner/ least stiff tube is slide line.2. TYPE=LINEAR Beam-2m.no/download/Abaqus_Tube-to-Tube_modeling.

Figure 5 show the deformation plot for 1 mm radial clearance. Table 1.42 mm 1 mm 6. Deformation plot with 1 mm radial clearance www.no/download/Abaqus_Tube-to-Tube_modeling.no Modeling Tube-to-Tube August 19 .2010 Results Displacement on top of Beam-2m is listed in Table 1.pdf 5 . Deformation on top of Beam-2m Radial Clearance Displacement on top 0.lhe.lhe.42 mm Figure 5.1 mm.www. Three radial clearance values have been run: 0. 1 mm and 5 mm.1 mm 5.41 mm 5 mm 8.

0. 0. 0..0. 14.lhe. 2. 0.1. 0. 0.2. 11. 0. 2.lhe. 15.0. 21.. 17.lhe. 0.no/download/TTT-test1. 0.9. 0. 0. 8. 0.. 1..inp). 0.. 10. 0. 2 2.. 0. 0. 0. 13.2.. 2010 ** Created by Lars Hansen. 3 www. 5. 0.lhe.no ** ** PARTS *Part. 0.. 4.9.3.no/download/TTTtest..4. name=Beam-2m-P *Node 1. L Hansen Engineering ** www. 1.www.. 0. name=Beam-1m-P *End Part ** *Part. 1. 0.0..lhe. 12.. 0. 0. 0.. An inputfile with opposite slide line (outer tube/pipe is slide line) can be downloaded here (www.. 0. 0. 0. 0.2010 INPUT FILE The inputfile shown below can be downloaded here (www. 1. 0. 0.. 0. 0. 0. 0.no/download/Abaqus_Tube-to-Tube_modeling. 0. 1. 0.6. 0. 0. 0.inp) ******************** INPUT FILE STARTS HERE ******************** *Heading Modeling Tube-to-Tube using Parts and Instances ** ** August 19..5. 1.pdf 6 . 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 1.7. 0. type=B31 1.. 0.6. 9. 7.no Modeling Tube-to-Tube August 19 . 0.7. 0. 0. 20. 18.1.5. 3. 0. 1.8. 2. 16.3. 0.. 1. 19. 1.4..8. *Element. 1. 0... 6.

4. name=Beam-2m. 2. nset=_PickedSet2. 18 18. 1 ** Section: Wellhead-20inx0_835in Profile: Casing-20inx0835in *Beam General Section.0.2010 3. 14 14. 0.. section=GENERAL 0. 4 4.. 0. 6 6..lhe. part=Beam-2m-P *End Instance ** *Instance. 5. 19.3. 0. 15 15. 10. 3.0039912. 0. generate 1. 12.00798242 0. 12 12. 6.07692e+10 *End Part ** ** ** ASSEMBLY ** *Assembly. generate 1. 0. elset=_PickedSet2.. 0. 19 19. name=Assembly ** ** *Instance. 10 10. 11. 13. 0. poisson = 0. 0.3. 8. 0. 21 *Nset.. 16 16.no Modeling Tube-to-Tube August 19 . 0.0. part=Beam-1m-P *Node 1.1. 5. 9.00282221. 11 11. elset=_PickedSet2. 16. 0. 20.www. 15. 5 5. 0. 7 7. 13 13. www. 17. name=Beam-1m. 0. 18. 0. 7. 8.-1.lhe. 2. 0.0324349. 0. 20.no/download/Abaqus_Tube-to-Tube_modeling.. 1 *Elset. 17 17. 4. 0. internal. 0.. 3. internal. 0.1e+11.5. 21. 4. 0. 9 9.pdf 7 . 14. 20 20. 6. 0.. 8 8.2.0039912. 0.

Beam-2m. 0. 2. 11 *Element. poisson = 0. 0. ELSET=TTT 11. 0. 0.. 8. 1.0039912. 10 21. 7 18. Beam-2m.0587781.. 1 12..0039912.lhe. 4. 5.4.07692e+10 *INTERFACE. 4 15.00282221. elset=_PickedSet3.9. 0. 10. 0.. 5 16. 8.9.0. 0. 0. 9 20.. Beam-2m.6. internal. type=B31 1. 10. 2 2. 0. 8 8.7. 1. 11. 0. 6. 9. 9 9.3. nset=_PickedSet3. 3 3. 9. Beam-2m.www. generate 1. 0.8. 0. Beam-2m. 8. Beam-2m. Beam-2m. generate 1. ELSET=TTT 0.. 0.0.pdf 8 . 10 10.no/download/Abaqus_Tube-to-Tube_modeling. 10.2. Beam-2m. Beam-2m.-1.1e+11.lhe. 0.10. 3. 0.6. 1 *Elset. 0. 2 13. 7. 8 19. *Element. TYPE=LINEAR Beam-2m.no Modeling Tube-to-Tube August 19 . 11 *Nset. 6 17. 1 ** Section: Conductor-30inx1in Profile: Casing-30inx1in *Beam General Section.1.00798242 0. ELSET=TTT. 5 5.3.11 ** www. elset=_PickedSet3. internal. 3 14. 2. section=GENERAL 0. 7 7. 0. 4 4. Beam-2m. type=ITT21.7.2010 7. 6 6. 11..8. 0.001 *End Instance ** *SLIDE LINE.5.

** ** BOUNDARY CONDITIONS ** *Boundary Beam-1m-bottom. ** ** OUTPUT REQUESTS ** *Restart. 1e-05. ENCASTRE Beam-2m-bottom. name=Bending. write. internal. nset=Beam-2m-bottom. ENCASTRE ** ** LOADS ** *Cload Beam-2m-top. internal. *Nset.lhe..www.1. instance=Beam-2m 1. 1 *Nset. *Nset.2010 *Elset. instance=Beam-1m.no Modeling Tube-to-Tube August 19 . *End Assembly ** ** MATERIALS ** *Material. 0. 1. nlgeom=YES *Static 0.pdf 9 . instance=Beam-2m 21.no/download/Abaqus_Tube-to-Tube_modeling.. internal.3 ** ---------------------------------------------------------------** ** STEP: Bending ** *Step.lhe. nset=Beam-2m-top. variable=PRESELECT ** *End Step www.1e+11. *Elastic 2. nset=Beam-1m-bottom. generate 11. instance=Beam-1m 1. elset=TTT. 1. 1000000.21. frequency=0 ** ** FIELD OUTPUT: F-Output-1 ** *Output. name=Steel *Density 7810. 1. field.

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