You are on page 1of 11

The following information was generated from the Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB), a database of the National

Library of Medicine's TOXNET system (http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov) on September 11, 2011. http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/search/r?dbs+hsdb:@term+@DOCNO+1229 Query: Records containing the term 1229 1 NAME: MONOAMMONIUM PHOSPHATE RN: 7722-76-1 HUMAN HEALTH EFFECTS: HUMAN TOXICITY EXCERPTS: ... WITH LARGE DOSES OF ... AMMONIUM /SALTS/, THERE ARISES THE POSSIBILITY OF SUFFICIENT ABSORPTION TO PRODUCE DIURESIS &amp; SYSTEMIC AMMONIA POISONING, PARTICULARLY IF MATERIAL IS ADMIN PARENTERALLY. /AMMONIUM SALTS/[Gosselin, R.E., R.P. Smith, H.C. Hodge. Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products. 5th ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1984., p. II-123] **PEER REVIEWED** ACUTE ... EYE CONTACT WITH CONCENTRATED ALKALI CAUSES CONJUNCTIVAL EDEMA &amp; CORNEAL DESTRUCTION. ALKALIES PENETRATE SKIN SLOWLY. EXTENT OF DAMAGE THEREFORE DEPENDS ON DURATION OF CONTACT. CHRONIC POISONING (FROM SKIN CONTACT). CHRONIC DERMATITIS MAY FOLLOW REPEATED CONTACT ... /ALKALIES AND PHOSPHATES/[Dreisbach, R.H. Handbook of Poisoning. 12th ed. Norwalk, CT: Appleton and Lange, 1987., p. 212] **PEER REVIEWED** EMERGENCY MEDICAL TREATMENT: EMERGENCY MEDICAL TREATMENT: EMT COPYRIGHT DISCLAIMER: Portions of the POISINDEX(R) and MEDITEXT(R) database have been provided here for general reference. THE COMPLETE POISINDEX(R) DATABASE OR MEDITEXT(R) DATABASE SHOULD BE CONSULTED FOR ASSISTANCE IN THE DIAGNOSIS OR TREATMENT OF SPECIFIC CASES. The use of the POISINDEX(R) and MEDITEXT(R) databases is at your sole risk. The POISINDEX(R) and MEDITEXT(R) databases are provided "AS IS" and "as available" for use, without warranties of any kind, either expressed or implied. Micromedex makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, timeliness, usefulness or completeness of any of the information contained in the POISINDEX(R) and MEDITEXT(R) databases. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE ARE HEREBY EXCLUDED. Micromedex does not assume any responsibility or risk for your use of the POISINDEX(R) or MEDITEXT(R) databases. Copyright 1974-2011 Thomson MICROMEDEX. All Rights Reserved. Any duplication, replication, "downloading," sale, redistribution or other use for commercial purposes is a violation of Micromedex' rights and is strictly prohibited.<p>The following Overview, *** AMMONIUM PHOSPHATE, MONOBASIC ***, is relevant for this HSDB record chemical. LIFE SUPPORT: o This overview assumes that basic life support measures have been instituted. CLINICAL EFFECTS: 0.2.1 SUMMARY OF EXPOSURE

0.2.1.1 ACUTE EXPOSURE A) Ammonium phosphate, monobasic is a mild eye irritant. Concentrated solutions may irritate the skin. Mild respiratory tract irritation, nausea, and vomiting may be seen after inhalation of vapor. Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea may occur following ingestion. B) It has been postulated that ingestion or parenteral injection of large quantities might result in systemic ammonia poisoning, but there are no reported human cases. C) If ammonium phosphate, monobasic is heated to the point of decomposition, fumes of oxides of phosphorus, oxides of nitrogen, and ammonia may be released and cause more severe respiratory tract irritation. 0.2.4 HEENT 0.2.4.1 ACUTE EXPOSURE A) Mild eye, nose, and throat irritation may occur. 0.2.6 RESPIRATORY 0.2.6.1 ACUTE EXPOSURE A) Inhalation may cause respiratory tract irritation. 0.2.8 GASTROINTESTINAL 0.2.8.1 ACUTE EXPOSURE A) Nausea and vomiting may occur with inhalation or ingestion. Diarrhea and abdominal cramps may be noted following ingestion. 0.2.14 DERMATOLOGIC 0.2.14.1 ACUTE EXPOSURE A) Mild dermal irritation may occur with direct exposure to concentrated solutions. 0.2.20 REPRODUCTIVE HAZARDS A) At the time of this review, no data were available to assess the potential effects of exposure to this agent during pregnancy or lactation. 0.2.21 CARCINOGENICITY 0.2.21.1 IARC CATEGORY A) IARC Carcinogenicity Ratings for CAS7722-76-1 (IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, 2006; IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, 2007; IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, 2010; IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, 2010a; IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, 2008; IARC, 2004): 1) Not Listed LABORATORY: A) Patients with significant respiratory tract irritation should have baseline arterial blood gases and chest x-ray. TREATMENT OVERVIEW: 0.4.2 ORAL EXPOSURE A) Significant toxicity is not expected except perhaps after extremely large ingestions. In general dilution is the only form of decontamination needed. B) DILUTION: Immediately dilute with 4 to 8 ounces (120 to 240 mL) of water or milk (not to exceed 4 ounces/120 mL in a child). C) Avoid induction of emesis. D) GASTRIC LAVAGE: Consider after ingestion of a potentially life-threatening amount of poison if it can

be performed soon after ingestion (generally within 1 hour). Protect airway by placement in the head down left lateral decubitus position or by endotracheal intubation. Control any seizures first. 1) CONTRAINDICATIONS: Loss of airway protective reflexes or decreased level of consciousness in unintubated patients; following ingestion of corrosives; hydrocarbons (high aspiration potential); patients at risk of hemorrhage or gastrointestinal perforation; and trivial or non-toxic ingestion. E) ACTIVATED CHARCOAL: Administer charcoal as a slurry (240 mL water/30 g charcoal). Usual dose: 25 to 100 g in adults/adolescents, 25 to 50 g in children (1 to 12 years), and 1 g/kg in infants less than 1 year old. F) If significant vomiting or diarrhea occur, replace fluid and electrolyte losses. 0.4.3 INHALATION EXPOSURE A) INHALATION: Move patient to fresh air. Monitor for respiratory distress. If cough or difficulty breathing develops, evaluate for respiratory tract irritation, bronchitis, or pneumonitis. Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as required. Treat bronchospasm with inhaled beta2 agonist and oral or parenteral corticosteroids. B) If significant respiratory tract irritation is present, administer 100% humidified supplemental oxygen with assisted ventilation as required. 0.4.4 EYE EXPOSURE A) DECONTAMINATION: Irrigate exposed eyes with copious amounts of room temperature water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, pain, swelling, lacrimation, or photophobia persist, the patient should be seen in a health care facility. 0.4.5 DERMAL EXPOSURE A) OVERVIEW 1) DECONTAMINATION: Remove contaminated clothing and wash exposed area thoroughly with soap and water. A physician may need to examine the area if irritation or pain persists. RANGE OF TOXICITY: A) Maximum tolerated doses have not been established; it is generally considered to be of low toxicity. ANIMAL TOXICITY STUDIES: NON-HUMAN TOXICITY EXCERPTS: ... IT HAS BEEN SHOWN THAT SOLN CONTAINING 0.1 MOLAR ... AMMONIUM PHOSPHATE ... @ PH 7-7.5 MADE UP TO 0.46 OSMOLAR (1.5 TIMES ISOTONIC CONCN) BY ADDITION OF SODIUM CHLORIDE OR SUCROSE &amp; DRIPPED CONTINUOUSLY ON EYES OF RABBITS CAUSED EDEMA OF EPITHELIUM OF THE CORNEA WITHIN 3-3.5 HR. /AMMONIUM PHOSPHATE/[Grant, W.M. Toxicology of the Eye. 3rd ed. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publisher, 1986., p. 92] **PEER REVIEWED** METABOLISM/PHARMACOKINETICS: METABOLISM/METABOLITES:

A defect in phosphate metabolism occurs in a variety of diseases. ... Rickets ... Osteomalacia ... Primary or Secondary Hyperparathyroidism ... Chronic Renal Failure. /Phosphates/[Hardman, J.G., L.E. Limbird, P.B. Molinoff, R.W. Ruddon, A.G. Goodman (eds.). Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 9th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1996., p. 1525] **PEER REVIEWED** ABSORPTION, DISTRIBUTION & EXCRETION: /Ortho/ phosphate is absorbed from, and to a limited extent secreted into, the gastrointestinal tract. Transport of phosphate from the gut lumen is an active, energy-dependent process that is modified by several factors. ... Vitamin D stimulates phosphate absorption, an effect reported to precede its action on calcium ion transport. In adults, about two thirds of the ingested phosphate is absorbed, and that which is absorbed is almost entirely excreted into the urine. In growing children, phosphate balance is positive. Concentrations of phosphate in plasma are higher in children than in adults. This "hyperphosphatemia" decreases the affinity of hemoglobin for oxygen and is hypothesized to explain the physiological "anemia" of childhood. /Phosphates/[Hardman, J.G., L.E. Limbird, P.B. Molinoff, R.W. Ruddon, A.G. Goodman (eds.). Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 9th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 1996., p. 1524] **PEER REVIEWED** PHARMACOLOGY: BIONECESSITY: Phosphate as nutrient is a limiting factor to plant growth. /Phosphate/[Seiler, H.G., H. Sigel and A. Sigel (eds.). Handbook on the Toxicity of Inorganic Compounds. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, Inc. 1988., p. 527] **PEER REVIEWED** ENVIRONMENTAL FATE & EXPOSURE:

ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS & REGULATIONS: FIFRA REQUIREMENTS: Residues of monoammonium phosphate (not > 3.75% by wt in formulation) are exempted from the requirement of a tolerance when used in postharvest fumigation in formulation with aluminum phosphide in accordance with good agricultural practices as inert (or occasionally active) ingredients in pesticide formulations applied to growing crops or to raw agricultural commodities after harvest.[40 CFR 180.1001(c) (7/1/97)] **PEER REVIEWED** ACCEPTABLE DAILY INTAKES: FAO/WHO EXPERT COMMITTEE ON FOOD ADDITIVES...RECOMMENDED.../LEVELS/ FOR TOTAL DIETARY PHOSPHORUS...UNCONDITIONAL ACCEPTANCE LEVEL /OF LESS THAN 30 MG/KG BODY WT/ IS CONSIDERED SAFE IN ANY TYPE OF DIET...CONDITIONAL ACCEPTANCE LEVEL /OF 30-70 MG/KG BODY WT/ IS ACCEPTABLE ONLY WHEN DIETARY CALCIUM LEVEL IS HIGH /PHOSPHATES/[Furia, T.E. (ed.). CRC Handbook of Food Additives. 2nd ed. Cleveland: The Chemical Rubber Co., 1972., p. 641] **PEER REVIEWED** FDA REQUIREMENTS: Ammonium phosphate (mono-, and dibasic) used as a general purpose food

additive in animal drugs, feeds, and related products is generally recognized as safe when used in accordance with good manufacturing or feeding practice.[21 CFR 582.1141 (4/1/97] **PEER REVIEWED** Substance added directly to human food affirmed as generally recognized as safe (GRAS).[21 CFR 184.1141a (4/1/97)] **PEER REVIEWED** ALLOWABLE TOLERANCES: Residues of monoammonium phosphate (not > 3.75% by wt in formulation) are exempted from the requirement of a tolerance when used in postharvest fumigation in formulation with aluminum phosphide in accordance with good agricultural practices as inert (or occasionally active) ingredients in pesticide formulations applied to growing crops or to raw agricultural commodities after harvest.[40 CFR 180.1001(c) (7/1/97)] **PEER REVIEWED** CHEMICAL/PHYSICAL PROPERTIES: MOLECULAR FORMULA: H3-N.H3-O4-P **PEER REVIEWED** MOLECULAR WEIGHT: 115.03[Budavari, S. (ed.). The Merck Index - An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co., Inc., 1996., p. 93] **PEER REVIEWED** COLOR/FORM: White, tetrahedral crystals[Lide, D.R. (ed.). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. 76th ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press Inc., 1995-1996., p. 4-39] **PEER REVIEWED** Brilliant white crystals or powder[Lewis, R.J., Sr (Ed.). Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. 12th ed. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co., 1993, p. 68] **PEER REVIEWED** ODOR: Odorless[Budavari, S. (ed.). The Merck Index - An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co., Inc., 1996., p. 93] **PEER REVIEWED** Faint acid[U.S. Coast Guard, Department of Transportation. CHRIS Hazardous Chemical Data. Volume II. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984-5.] **PEER REVIEWED** MELTING POINT: 190 deg C[Lide, D.R. (ed.). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. 76th ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press Inc., 1995-1996., p. 4-39] **PEER REVIEWED** DENSITY/SPECIFIC GRAVITY: 1.803 g/cu cm[Lide, D.R. (ed.). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. 76th ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press Inc., 1995-1996., p. 4-39] **PEER REVIEWED** PH: pH of 0.2 Molar aq soln: 4.2[Budavari, S. (ed.). The Merck Index - An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co., Inc., 1996., p. 93] **PEER REVIEWED** SOLUBILITIES:

SOLUBILITY IN WATER: 22.7 G/100 CC @ 0 DEG C, 173.2 G/100 CC @ 100 DEG C[Lide, D.R. (ed). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. 72nd ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1991-1992., p. 4-39] **PEER REVIEWED** 1 g dissolves in about 2.5 ml water; slightly sol in alc; practically insol in acetone[Budavari, S. (ed.). The Merck Index - An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co., Inc., 1996., p. 93] **PEER REVIEWED** SPECTRAL PROPERTIES: INDEX OF REFRACTION: 1.525; 1.479[Lide, D.R. (ed). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. 72nd ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1991-1992., p. 4-39] **PEER REVIEWED** OTHER CHEMICAL/PHYSICAL PROPERTIES: MILDLY ACID IN REACTION[Sax, N.I. and R.J. Lewis, Sr. (eds.). Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. 11th ed. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1987., p. 70] **PEER REVIEWED** HEAT OF SOLN: 42 BTU/LB= 23 CAL/G= 0.97X10+5 JOULES/KG[U.S. Coast Guard, Department of Transportation. CHRIS - Hazardous Chemical Data. Volume II. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984-5.] **PEER REVIEWED** CHEMICAL SAFETY & HANDLING: TOXIC COMBUSTION PRODUCTS: TOXIC &amp; IRRITATING FUMES OF AMMONIA &amp; OXIDES OF NITROGEN MAY FORM IN FIRES.[U.S. Coast Guard, Department of Transportation. CHRIS Hazardous Chemical Data. Volume II. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984-5.] **PEER REVIEWED** HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION: Decomposes to ammonia and phosphoric acid when heated.[Toy ADF, Walsh EN; Phosphorus Chemistry in Everyday Living 2nd ed p.136 (1987)] **PEER REVIEWED** STABILITY/SHELF LIFE: STABLE IN AIR[Budavari, S. (ed.). The Merck Index - Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs and Biologicals. Rahway, NJ: Merck and Co., Inc., 1989., p. 87] **PEER REVIEWED** DISPOSAL METHODS: SRP: At the time of review, criteria for land treatment or burial (sanitary landfill) disposal practices are subject to significant revision. Prior to implementing land disposal of waste residue (including waste sludge), consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. **PEER REVIEWED** OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE STANDARDS:

MANUFACTURING/USE INFORMATION: MAJOR USES:

As baking powder with sodium bicarbonate; in fermentations (yeast cultures, etc.); fireproofing of paper, wood, fiberboard, etc.[Budavari, S. (ed.). The Merck Index - An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck and Co., Inc., 1996., p. 94] **PEER REVIEWED** Fertilizer; to prevent afterglow in matches; plant nutrient soln; mfr of bread improvers[Lewis, R.J., Sr (Ed.). Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. 12th ed. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co., 1993, p. 68-9] **PEER REVIEWED** Analytical chemistry[Lewis, R.J., Sr (Ed.). Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. 12th ed. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co., 1993, p. 69] **PEER REVIEWED** AMMONIUM DIHYDROGEN PHOSPHATE USED TO PROTECT PESTICIDES IN SPRAY MIXTURES PREPARED WITH ALKALINE WATERS[CHIBA M; J AGRIC FOOD CHEM 27 (5): 1023 (1979)] **PEER REVIEWED** MANUFACTURERS: Agrium US Inc., Hq, 4582 South Ulster Street, Suite 1400, Denver CO 80237, (303) 804-4400. Production site: Soda Springs, ID 83276[SRI. 1997 Directory of Chemical Producers -United States of America. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International 1997., p. 454-5] **PEER REVIEWED** Cargill Inc, Hq, PO Box 9300, Minneapolis, MN 55440, (612) 474-5575; Cargill Fertilizer Inc, 8813 Highway 41 S Riverview, FL 33569, Production site: Riverview, FL 33569[SRI. 1997 Directory of Chemical Producers -United States of America. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International 1997., p. 454-5] **PEER REVIEWED** Farmland Hydro, L.P., State Road 640, Bartow, FL 33831, (813) 533-1141[SRI. 1997 Directory of Chemical Producers -United States of America. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International 1997., p. 454-5] **PEER REVIEWED** IMC-Agrico Company, Hq, Old Highway 37, P.O. Box 2000-1100, Mulbery, FL 33860, (941) 428-2500. Production sites: Donaldson, LA 70346; Mulberry, FL 33860; Taft, LA 70057[SRI. 1997 Directory of Chemical Producers -United States of America. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International 1997., p. 454-5] **PEER REVIEWED** Mallinckrodt Baker, Inc., 222 Red School Lane, Phillipsburg, NJ 08865, (908) 8599-2151 /reagent grade ammonium phosphates/[SRI. 1997 Directory of Chemical Producers -United States of America. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International 1997., p. 454-5] **PEER REVIEWED** PCS Phosphates Co., Inc., Hq, P.O. Box 30321, Raleigh, NC 27622, (919) 881-2700. Production sites: Auroro, NC 27806[SRI. 1997 Directory of Chemical Producers -United States of America. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International 1997., p. 454-5] **PEER REVIEWED** SF Phosphates Limited Company, 515 So. Highway 430, P.O. Box 1789, Rock Springs, WY 82901, (307) 382-1400[SRI. 1997 Directory of Chemical Producers -United States of America. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International 1997., p. 454-5] **PEER REVIEWED** J R Simplot Co, Hq, PO Box 912, Pocatello, ID 83204, (208) 238-2700; Minerals and Chemical Division, (same address); Production site: Pocatello, ID 83204[SRI. 1997 Directory of Chemical Producers -United

States of America. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International 1997., p. 454-5] **PEER REVIEWED** U.S. Agri-Chemicals Corporation, Hq, 3225 State Road 630 West, Fort Meade, FL 33841, (941) 285-8121. Production site: Fort Meade, FL 33841[SRI. 1997 Directory of Chemical Producers -United States of America. Menlo Park, CA: SRI International 1997., p. 454-5] **PEER REVIEWED** METHODS OF MANUFACTURING: By pumping dried ammonia gas into an 80% solution of Product composition is controlled by maintaining the When the mixture is cooled, crystals of monoammonium precipitate.[Toy ADF, Walsh EN; Phosphorus Chemistry 2nd ed p.136 (1987)] **PEER REVIEWED** phosphoric acid. pH at 3.8 to 4.5. phosphate in Everyday Living

Over 95% pf the phosphate fertilizer used in the United States is made by processes that require an initial conversion of all or part of the phosphate ore to phosphoric acid. The two principle routes are a thermal route and a wet-process route. The thermal route involves electric furnace smelting of the ore using coke and silica to produce elemental phosphorus, which is converted into phosphoric acid by burning (oxidation) and then absorbing the P2O5 in water. The wet process involves an initial step in which the ore is solubilized in sulfuric acid, or in a few special instances in some other acid. The second principle step in the wet process is filtration to separate phosphoric acid from the precipitated calcium phosphate. The phosphoric acid is then combined with ammonia.[Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. 4th ed. Volumes 1: New York, NY. John Wiley and Sons, 1991-Present., p. V10 455] **PEER REVIEWED** GENERAL MANUFACTURING INFORMATION: Pure monoammonium phosphate has a grade 12.1-61.7-0 (nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium), but is never made for fertilizer use. Made from wet-process acid, the grade for fertilizer use is typically 10-54-0 to 11-52-0, but may be as low as 10-50-0, depending on the impurity level of the starting acid.[Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. 4th ed. Volumes 1: New York, NY. John Wiley and Sons, 1991-Present., p. V10 471] **PEER REVIEWED** Granular MAP can be produced in a plant similar to that used for diammonium phosphate with little process modification.[Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. 4th ed. Volumes 1: New York, NY. John Wiley and Sons, 1991-Present., p. V10 472] **PEER REVIEWED** The thermal route (for making phosphoric acid starting material) results in a food-grade acid of high purity and is too expensive for fertilizer production. Essentially all the acid used in fertilizer production is made by wet processes.[Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. 4th ed. Volumes 1: New York, NY. John Wiley and Sons, 1991-Present., p. V10 459] **PEER REVIEWED** FORMULATIONS/PREPARATIONS: Grades: Technical; CP /chemically pure: a grade designation signifying a minimum of impurities, but not 100% purity/; FCC /Food Chemicals Codex/; single crystals.[Lewis, R.J., Sr (Ed.). Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. 12th ed. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co., 1993, p. 68] **PEER REVIEWED** Grades of purity; Reagent[U.S. Coast Guard, Department of Transportation. CHRIS - Hazardous Chemical Data. Volume II. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984-5.] **PEER REVIEWED**

THE CRUDE SALT, ORIGINALLY SOLD UNDER THE TRADE NAME AMMOPHOS A (11-48) ... IS AVAILABLE IN GRANULAR OR IN POWDERED FORM FOR USE IN GRANULATING MIXED FERTILIZERS.[Farm Chemicals Handbook 1975. Willoughby, Ohio: Meister, 1975., p. B-17] **PEER REVIEWED** Some byproduct monoammonium phosphate made with furnace acid has a grade of 12-61-0 and is used mainly in the production of liquid fertilizers.[Farm Chemicals Handbook 1998. Willoughby, OH: Meister Publishing Co., 1998., p. B-32] **PEER REVIEWED** Fertilizer grade, min 13% N, 52% P.[Kavaler AR; Chemical Marketing Reporter, Chemical Profile: Ammonium Phosphates, September 18, 1995] **PEER REVIEWED** Granular and nongranular (powder) forms.[Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. 4th ed. Volumes 1: New York, NY. John Wiley and Sons, 1991-Present., p. V10 472] **PEER REVIEWED** CONSUMPTION PATTERNS: Ammonium Phosphates. 100% fertilizers: diammonium phosphate 87% (49% domestic, 51% export); monoammonium phosphate 13% (60% domestic, 40% export). /Ammonium phosphates/[Kavaler AR; Chemical Marketing Reporter 230 (11): 33 (1986)] **PEER REVIEWED** Fertilizer, 98% (DAP, 70%; MAP 23%, other solid ammonium phosphates, 5%); industrial uses, 1.5%; animal feed, 0.5%. /Ammonium phosphates/[Chemical Marketing Reporter; Chemical Profile Ammonium Phosphates. September 18, 1995. NY,NY: Schnell Pub Co (1995)] **PEER REVIEWED** U. S. PRODUCTION: Ammonium phosphates. Demand: 1985-1986 (Fertilizer year): 10.07 million tons; 1986-1987 /projected/: 10.32 million tons; 1990-1991 /projected/: 12.1 million tons. /Ammonium phosphates/[Kavaler AR; Chemical Marketing Reporter 230 (11): 33 (1986)] **PEER REVIEWED** Ammonium phosphates. 100% fertilizers: diammonium phosphate 85%; monoammonium phosphates 15%. Exports account for 50% of total ammonium phosphates production. /Ammonium phosphates/[Kavaler AR; Chemical Marketing Reporter 236 (10): 48 (1989)] **PEER REVIEWED** Ammonium phosphates. Demand: 1988-1989 (fertilizer year): 15.25 million tons; 1989-1990 /projected/: 15.55 million tons; 1993-1994 /projected/: 17.0 million tons. (Includes exports, but not imports, which are negligible.) /Ammonium phosphates/[Kavaler AR; Chemical Marketing Reporter 236 (10): 50 (1989)] **PEER REVIEWED** Production (year) in thousands of tons: (1987) 1,679; (1988) 1,818; (1989) 1,862; (1990) 2,252; (1991) 2,227; (1992) 2,342; (1993) 2,693; (1994) 2,869; (1995) 2,715; (1996) 3,332; (1997) 3,286.[Chemical &amp; Engineering News, 76(26) p.47 (1998)] **PEER REVIEWED** Demand: 1994: 7.8 million tons; 1995: 8 million tons; 1999 (projected): 8.8 million tons (figures are on a P2O5 basis and represent crop years. Includes exports, which were about 5.8 million tons for crop year 1995, but not imports which were negligible). /Ammonium phosphates/[Chemical Marketing Reporter; Chemical Profile Ammonium Phosphates. September 18, 1995. NY,NY: Schnell Pub Co (1995)] **PEER REVIEWED** During the year ending June 30, 1990, monoammonium phosphate used in the

U.S. furnished 985 tons of P2O5.[Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. 4th ed. Volumes 1: New York, NY. John Wiley and Sons, 1991-Present., p. V10 471] **PEER REVIEWED** U. S. IMPORTS: Crop year 1995, negligible /Ammonium phosphates/[Chemical Marketing Reporter; Chemical Profile Ammonium Phosphates. September 18, 1995. NY,NY: Schnell Pub Co (1995)] **PEER REVIEWED** U. S. EXPORTS: About 5.8 million tons (P2O5 basis) for crop year 1995 /Ammonium phosphates/[Chemical Marketing Reporter; Chemical Profile Ammonium Phosphates. September 18, 1995. NY,NY: Schnell Pub Co (1995)] **PEER REVIEWED** LABORATORY METHODS: SAMPLING PROCEDURES: NIOSH Method 7300. Analyte: Phosphorus. Matrix: Air. Sampler: Filter (0.8 um, cellulose ester membrane). Flow Rate: 1 to 4 l/min. Sample Size: 500 liters. Shipment: Routine. Sample Stability: Stable. /Phosphorus/[U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service. Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods, 3rd ed. Volumes 1 and 2 with 1985 supplement, and revisions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, February 1984., p. 7300-1] **PEER REVIEWED** SYNONYMS AND IDENTIFIERS: SYNONYMS: AMMONIUM ACID PHOSPHATE[Sax, N.I. and R.J. Lewis, Sr. (eds.). Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. 11th ed. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1987., p. 70] **PEER REVIEWED** AMMONIUM DIACID PHOSPHATE **PEER REVIEWED** AMMONIUM DIHYDROGEN ORTHOPHOSPHATE **PEER REVIEWED** AMMONIUM DIHYDROGEN PHOSPHATE ((NH4)H2PO4) **PEER REVIEWED** AMMONIUM DIHYDROPHOSPHATE **PEER REVIEWED** AMMONIUM MONOBASIC PHOSPHATE **PEER REVIEWED** AMMONIUM MONOBASIC PHOSPHATE (NH4H2PO4) **PEER REVIEWED** AMMONIUM ORTHOPHOSPHATE DIHYDROGEN[Lide, D.R. (ed). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. 72nd ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1991-1992., p. 4-39] **PEER REVIEWED** AMMONIUM PHOSPHATE, MONOBASIC[Sax, N.I. and R.J. Lewis, Sr. (eds.). Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. 11th ed. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1987., p. 70] **PEER REVIEWED** AMMONIUM PHOSPHATE (NH4H2PO4) **PEER REVIEWED**

AMMONIUM PRIMARY PHOSPHATE **PEER REVIEWED** DIHYDROGEN AMMONIUM PHOSPHATE **PEER REVIEWED** MONOAMMONIUM ACID PHOSPHATE **PEER REVIEWED** MONOAMMONIUM DIHYDROGEN ORTHOPHOSPHATE **PEER REVIEWED** MONOAMMONIUM DIHYDROGEN PHOSPHATE **PEER REVIEWED** MONOAMMONIUM DIHYDROGEN PHOSPHATE ((NH4)H2PO4) **PEER REVIEWED** MONOAMMONIUM HYDROGEN PHOSPHATE **PEER REVIEWED** MONOAMMONIUM ORTHOPHOSPHATE **PEER REVIEWED** MONOBASIC AMMONIUM PHOSPHATE **PEER REVIEWED** PHOSPHORIC ACID, MONOAMMONIUM SALT **PEER REVIEWED** PRIMARY AMMONIUM PHOSPHATE **PEER REVIEWED** FORMULATIONS/PREPARATIONS: Grades: Technical; CP /chemically pure: a grade designation signifying a minimum of impurities, but not 100% purity/; FCC /Food Chemicals Codex/; single crystals.[Lewis, R.J., Sr (Ed.). Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary. 12th ed. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Rheinhold Co., 1993, p. 68] **PEER REVIEWED** Grades of purity; Reagent[U.S. Coast Guard, Department of Transportation. CHRIS - Hazardous Chemical Data. Volume II. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1984-5.] **PEER REVIEWED** THE CRUDE SALT, ORIGINALLY SOLD UNDER THE TRADE NAME AMMOPHOS A (11-48) ... IS AVAILABLE IN GRANULAR OR IN POWDERED FORM FOR USE IN GRANULATING MIXED FERTILIZERS.[Farm Chemicals Handbook 1975. Willoughby, Ohio: Meister, 1975., p. B-17] **PEER REVIEWED** Some byproduct monoammonium phosphate made with furnace acid has a grade of 12-61-0 and is used mainly in the production of liquid fertilizers.[Farm Chemicals Handbook 1998. Willoughby, OH: Meister Publishing Co., 1998., p. B-32] **PEER REVIEWED** Fertilizer grade, min 13% N, 52% P.[Kavaler AR; Chemical Marketing Reporter, Chemical Profile: Ammonium Phosphates, September 18, 1995] **PEER REVIEWED** Granular and nongranular (powder) forms.[Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology. 4th ed. Volumes 1: New York, NY. John Wiley and Sons, 1991-Present., p. V10 472] **PEER REVIEWED**