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EUROGRIT BV

CONSUMPTION AND CLEANLINESS RATES


Rate of cleanliness Apart from the ISO-standards, also various American standards are being used. For example from SSPC (Society for Protective Coatings) and NACE (National Association for Corrosion Engineers). Please see below a comparison table for the various preparation grades: ISO SSPC NACE Sa 1 = SSPC-SP-7 (Brush-Off Blast Cleaning) Sa 2 = SSPC-SP-6 NACE 3 (Commercial Blast Cleaning) Sa 2 = SSPC-SP-10 NACE 2 (Near-White Blast Cleaning) Sa 3 = SSPC-SP-5 NACE 1 (White Metal Blast Cleaning) Recycling / re-use of material We, as Eurogrit B.V., sell the material as an expendable slag abrasive, meaning that it can only be used one time. However, we know of several situations where the material is being used for a 2nd time. Whenever there is the intention to re-use the material several factors should be taken into account: 1. Used abrasives must remain free from contaminants, such as oil, grease etc. This more or less means that after blasting the material should be collected and sieved in order to get rid of (most) of the contaminants. The used abrasives must remain dry. When wet material will be put in the blasting pot, it may cause stoppages in the blasting hose. After a first blast you should always consider that the particles with a small grain size will turn into dust/powder and can therefore not be re-used. When sieving the used abrasives to get rid of the contaminants mentioned at 1. you should also get rid of the too fine particles/dust/powder which will be present when blasted and will account for approx. 30-40%. After each blast cycle you should, therefore, always add fresh/new material (approx. 30-40%) in order to assure that you will have the correct mix of coarse and fine grain particles. This is needed to be sure that required surface profile after blasting will be achieved as is initially required. If, for example, you have a heavily corroded surface and after the 1st blast cycle you are re-using the used abrasives without adding new/fresh material, then the number of fine particles will be much higher compared to the number of coarse particles which will eventually result in a lower surface profile and much more time to clean the surface. With garnet, you will perhaps be able to recycle the material 3 times, but in any case you will need to add approx. 30% fresh material after each blasting cycle, while all other issues mentioned above are just as valid for garnet as for coalslag.

2. 3.

All date in this report result from average figures and should be interpreted as indication only. EUROGRIT BV - Noordhoek 7 - P.O. Box 184 - 3350 AD Papendrecht - The Netherlands tel: +31-78-6546770 - fax: +31-78-6449494 - E-mail: info@eurogrit.com Website: www.eurogrit.com

EUROGRIT BV
CONSUMPTION AND CLEANLINESS RATES
Average efficiency/consumption The average consumption/efficiency depends on several factors, such as: 1. Condition of the surface. The right choice of abrasive always depends on the initial condition of the surface (rust grade), the required grade of cleanliness (preparation grade) and surface profile, applicable specifications by the paint manufacturer. Compared to a coarse abrasive, a fine(r) abrasive gives a faster blast and a better cover-rate. At the same time, it yields a finer surface profile, with relatively low paint consumption. This is often very suitable for new steel, with only mill scale or light rust. However, a heavily contaminated and corroded surface (multiple layers of paint, thick rust and growth) is not easy to clean with a fine abrasive. The job will then take too much time and too much abrasive. In such cases, a coarser grade abrasive is preferable. A coarse grain is very well suited to handle heavy rust, but is often too coarse to properly clean pittings and pores. In many cases, a fixture of coarse and fine grades will be used to obtain the best results in respect of blasting speed and abrasive consumption, grade of cleanliness and surface profile. 2. 3. 4. The skill of the blaster/operator. The angle from blasting nozzle to work piece as well as the stand-off distance to work piece. Correct settings of the blasting equipment (nozzle pressure, type and diameter of blast nozzle, length and diameter of blasting hose, air pressure at compressor etc.) As you may notice there are many factors which are of influence on the efficiency. Then there is also consumption per sqm; the 2 principal factors that affect the consumption per m are the grade of corrosion combined with required surface cleanliness and the required surface profile combined with the abrasive grain size. For the consumption of our material you can calculate as follows for blasting to SA-2,5: new steel (mill-scale, lightly weathered) coated/normally corroded steel severely corroded steel/heavy rust : approx. 25-30 kg/sqm : approx. 30-40 kg/sqm : approx. 40-50 kg/sqm

We have used SA-2,5 as a reference for this is the most common. If SA-3 is required you would need more material per square meter (in that case you should add approx. 20%). The above is based on blasting of flat surfaces (such as plates, ships hull, large areas) and is always an indication. When blasting of, for example, pipes with (very) small diameter or small items you would need a higher consumption for not all of the material will hit the surface but will pass (overspray).
All date in this report result from average figures and should be interpreted as indication only. EUROGRIT BV - Noordhoek 7 - P.O. Box 184 - 3350 AD Papendrecht - The Netherlands tel: +31-78-6546770 - fax: +31-78-6449494 - E-mail: info@eurogrit.com Website: www.eurogrit.com