$2.

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Air Dryer Application Guidelines
TP-9672 Revised 11-98
• System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series • System Saver TWIN

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MI 48150. . . . . . . . 8 Types of Air Compressor Air Governor Air Governor Signal Line . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35. . . . . . . . 14 Governor Range Air Compressor Duty Cycle Additional Information on Meritor WABCO Air Dryers • Maintenance Manual No. . . . . c/o Vispac. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Phone orders are also accepted at 800-535-5560. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Livonia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series Air Dryers • Installing the Meritor WABCO System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series Air Dryers (Publication TP-92116) • Maintenance Manual No. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Why a Vehicle Needs an Air Dryer What a Desiccant-Type Air Dryer Does Requirements and Installation Choosing the Right Air Dryer for an Application: Single or TWIN Cartridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Inc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . System Saver TWIN Air Dryer • Installing the Meritor WABCO System Saver TWIN Air Dryer (Publication TP-94104) How to Order Order publications from Meritor Literature Distribution Center. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .and Dual-Cartridge Desiccant Air Dryers System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series Single Cartridge System Saver TWIN Dual Cartridge System Saver TWIN or a System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series with a Bypass Line for Non-Brake Devices . . . . . . . . . 12 Regeneration Methods and Selection Factors Desiccant Regeneration Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Determine the Correct Pressure-Controlled Check Valve (PCCV) Placement for the System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series Air Dryer Air Dryer Operating Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table of Contents Introduction Purpose of This Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35000 Industrial Road. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Compressor Discharge Line Air Dryer to Supply Tank Line Air System Reservoir Tanks PCCV Placement Pressure-Controlled Check Valve (PCCV) . 2 Meritor WABCO’s Single. . . . . 3 General Requirements Guidelines and Installation Criteria Components Air System Components Discussion . . . . . 13 Air Dryer Selection Factors Flow Capacity Drying Capacity Purge Air Volume .

block air lines and damage air system components. compresses the water vapor and puts it into the system as liquid water. r discusses the air supply system. — Warm air condenses into water inside of the dryer before the water reaches the desiccant. Why a Vehicle Needs an Air Dryer r When air is compressed. the regeneration valve and pressure-controlled check valve remove water from the desiccant bed with a backflow of dried. r Liquid water that accumulates in air lines can damage seals and valves. r In cold weather water can freeze. r The desiccant material then removes additional water vapor. the compressor takes in water vapor with the air.Introduction Purpose of This Guide Introduction This Application Guide for Meritor WABCO’s System Saver Series and System Saver TWIN air dryers r addresses air dryer selection and installation criteria for Meritor WABCO’s System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series and System Saver TWIN air dryers. r Water collects in the base of the dryer when: — Warm air condenses into water before it enters the dryer. further drying the air. r illustrates and describes system components and r highlights features and benefits of the System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series and TWIN air dryers. humid air from the compressor condenses into either liquid water or water vapor before entering the air dryer. expanded system air. r A desiccant-type air dryer protects a vehicle’s air brake system by drying moisture-laden air before it passes through the air reservoirs and into the brake system. What a Desiccant-Type Air Dryer Does r Warm. r During the regeneration phase. Figure 1 GOVERNOR COMPRESSOR INTAKE LINE UNLOADER PORT PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE GOVERNOR PORT COMPRESSOR DRYER OUTLET CHECK VALVE DRYER INLET SYSTEM RESERVOIR TO BRAKE SYSTEM COMPRESSOR DISCHARGE LINE SYSTEM RESERVOIR PURGE VALVE SUPPLY (WET) TANK PRESSURE-CONTROLLED CHECK VALVE 1 . and wash away lubricants.

The compressor on-time is greater than two minutes during normal running. NOTE: You cannot construct a dual-cartridge air dryer by plumbing together (in series or parallel) two System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series single-cartridge air dryers. System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series Single Cartridge 1. Meritor WABCO’s Single. The System Saver TWIN air dryer’s dual-cartridges work by simultaneously drying air in one cartridge and regenerating the desiccant bed in the other cartridge. This simultaneous drying process cannot be achieved by plumbing together two System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series single-cartridge air dryers. Typical Vocations r City buses that stop frequently.Requirements and Installation Choosing the Right Air Dryer for an Application: Single or TWIN Cartridge Requirements and Installation Typical Vocations r Single or tandem axle on-highway tractors that pull trailers with a tractor/trailer combination of up to a total of six axles. r On-highway tractors with a tractor/trailer combination of over six axles. System Saver TWIN Dual Cartridge 1. Air system pressure is maintained at normal working levels (greater than 85 psi). 2. The normal duty cycle of the air compressor (duty cycle = on-time ÷ total running time) is greater than 30%. The normal duty cycle of the air compressor (duty cycle = on-time ÷ total running time) is less than 30% after excluding the air system’s initial build-up time. 3. Selecting the Optimum Meritor WABCO Air Dryer Typical Compressor Loaded Time is 2 Minutes or Less (Excluding Initial Buildup) Typical Compressor Loaded Time is Greater than 2 Minutes Normal Compressor Duty Cycle is Less than 30% Normal Compressor Duty Cycle is Greater than 30% Compressor Rated Displacement is Less than 25 cfm Compressor Rated Displacement is Greater than 25 cfm System System Saver Saver 1200 TWIN        System Saver TWIN Dual-Cartridge Air Dryer The System Saver TWIN dual-cartridge air dryer incorporates a solenoid valve that alternates incoming airflow between the two cartridges to simultaneously dry air in one cartridge and regenerate the desiccant bed in the other cartridge. 3.and Dual-Cartridge Desiccant Air Dryers System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series Single-Cartridge Air Dryer The System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series single-cartridge air dryer dries compressed air during the loaded cycle and regenerates (dries) the desiccant bed during the regeneration phase. The air compressor on-time is two minutes or less (excluding the initial air system build-up time). P&D and local hauling. The air compressor has up to a 25 cfm rating. which occurs when the compressor unloads. r Trucks with single or tandem axles that are used for construction. 2. r Garbage trucks in residential areas. 2 .

COMPRESSOR RATING (IN CFM) = BORE2 i STROKE i π 4 i # OF CYLINDERS i 1250 1728 Figure 2 General Requirements Guidelines and Installation Criteria Some installation details may not be covered by the following guidelines. when accessories demand a high air consumption (for example. The formula is: Typical Vocations r Bulk unloaders that typically use air from large compressors to unload a bulk (usually liquid cargo) tank. transmissions. Ensure that no water traps (loops. cannot splash or spray directly onto the air dryer. such as exhaust manifolds or pipes. for example. However. etc. r Vehicles with air start systems. flow capacity refers to the industry-standard method of calculating the compressor’s swept volume at 1250 rpm and converting this volume to cfm. 2. slush.. sags or low points) exist in the line before the dryer. but non-brake devices require pumping times of over two minutes for specific periods of time. r Whenever possible. mount the air dryer at least 12 inches from any heat producing sources. r Vehicles with Central Tire Inflation (CTI) systems. r Whenever possible. r For the System Saver TWIN only: In an application such as bulk unloading or Central Tire Inflation (CTI). mud. mount the air dryer in a location where water. Air pressure from the vehicle’s air compressor powers or feeds other high-consumption accessories. r There should be no valves or other devices in the dryer to supply tank line that would prohibit or restrict the flow of air back from the supply tank to the air dryer. Meritor WABCO will consider installations that are exceptions to these guidelines when such exceptions are directed in writing to Meritor WABCO engineering for approval.Requirements and Installation System Saver TWIN or a System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series with a Bypass Line for Non-Brake Devices 1. septic tanks. r In the following charts. Air compressor on-time for the brake system is less than two minutes. r The air compressor discharge line must be installed in a continual downhill run from the compressor to the air dryer. use a Meritor WABCO Back Pressure Control Valve (or an equivalent valve) to hold air dryer pressure at 85 psi or higher. r Specialized trucks or tractors. 3 .). etc. trucks for sewers. r A direct line from the air governor must feed the dryer’s purge valve. where the system’s working pressure can be lower than 85 psi. etc.

off-temp. 86°F (7°C. Compressor unloaded time Maximum duty cycle Discharge line 4 . 80°C) 12V or 24V available 45°F. After the vehicle has reached normal operating temperatures. a minimum of 3 feet of 1/2-inch thick closed-cell polyethylene pipe insulation be used at the connection to the air dryer. From compressor to air dryer Requirements 40°F to 175°F ( 40°C..Requirements and Installation General Installation Criteria for System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series and System Saver TWIN Operating Parameters Temperature Electrical power Thermostat range Discharge line diameter Discharge line length Ambient operating range For heater or heater and solenoid/ timer power On-temp. it is recommended that for discharge lines exceeding 9 feet in length. 30°C) 1/2-inch ID minimum Determined by the temperature of the air at the inlet port of the dryer. the length of the line must be sufficient to keep temperature below 175°F (80°C). System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series Installation Criteria Operating Parameters Pressure requirements Maximum pressure Minimum governor cut-out pressure Governor range Flow capacity Compressor on-time Compressor rating Normal running Occasional (three times per day maximum) Minimum for purge cycle Compressor on-time ÷ total running time Temperature at inlet port determines required length and diameter. Requirements 140 psi 115 psi 15 to 25 psi (cut-out — cut-in) 25 cfm maximum 2 minutes maximum 7 minutes 20 seconds 30% To minimize the likelihood of a discharge line blockage during cold climate operation.

it is recommended that for discharge lines exceeding 9 feet in length. nor the heater in the air dryer. CAUTION Neither the air dryer. r For technical assistance.3 mm orifice (Industrial Applications Only) 140 psi 85 psi 50 cfm maximum unlimited 100% 21 cfm and under — To minimize the likelihood of a discharge line blockage during cold climate operation. 5 . r Minimize the length of the compressor discharge line to the extent that air dryer inlet temperature does not exceed the 175 fF (80 fC) maximum.Requirements and Installation System Saver TWIN Installation Criteria Operating Parameters Rated compressor size Less than 21 cfm Between 21 and 35 cfm Greater than 35 cfm Pressure requirements Flow capacity Compressor on-time Maximum duty cycle Discharge line Temperature at inlet port determines required length and diameter.0 mm orifice TWIN with 1. Blockages can occur that can result in damage to components. over 21 cfm — 10 feet/20 feet — use copper pipe or stainless steel braided teflon tubing for minimum of first 10 feet. r To help prevent water traps and blockages.8 mm orifice TWIN with 1. a minimum of 3 feet of 1/2-inch thick closed-cell polyethylene pipe insulation be used at the connection to the air dryer. Maximum pressure Minimum pressure Compressor rating Normal running Requirements TWIN with 0. follow the vehicle manufacturer’s guidelines on discharge line material and how to route the line. call Meritor WABCO engineering at 248-435-1500. can prevent moisture in compressed air from condensing and freezing in the compressor discharge line between the air compressor and the air dryer inlet.

air start tanks. use System Saver TWIN Port Identification: 21 — Inlet Port 24 — Governor/Control Port 21 — Delivery Port 22 — Delivery Port (Not Used) 31 — Relief Valve Port 1/2-14 NPTF 1/2-14 NPTF 56 REF 88 REF 136 REF 70 REF 105 283 REF CONNECTOR 280 METRI-PACK NR. including trailers towed. etc. auxiliary air systems. whichever is greater 2450 in3 REQUIRED MOUNTING CLEARANCE System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series not recommended.Requirements and Installation Regeneration Requirements — System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series 30 REF 1/4-18 NPTF PORT 4 Application Non-towing trucks — minimum volume of reservoirs contributing to regeneration Towing trucks and tractors where tractor and trailer combination has up to 6 axles total — minimum volume of reservoirs contributing to regeneration Any air system with more than 12.000 in3 total for all components. 1202 0599 133 REF 80 REF 75 REF 28 REF Dimensions Shown in Millimeters Unless Otherwise Noted 6 1/2-13 UNC-2B 72 . Regeneration Volume 1800 in3 or 28% of total air system volume.

(75) (70) (317) MAX (90) (144) MAX Port Identification: 1 — Inlet Port 2 — Delivery Port 4 — Governor/Control Port (142) (174) MOUNTING SURFACE (137) (290) Dimensions Shown in Millimeters Unless Otherwise Noted (240) 1/4"-18 NPTF 1/2"-14 NPTF (320) 7 .Requirements and Installation Installation Criteria — System Saver TWIN (30) MOUNTING CLEARANCE (179) MAX (60˚ MAX) INSTALLATION POSITION NOTE: When the compressor receives inlet air from the engine turbocharger. you must install an external cut-off valve at the inlet port of the System Saver TWIN air dryer to avoid engine power loss or degraded fuel economy.

such as automatic drain valves. Remote-mounted. such as bulk unloading. Types of Air Compressor Air Induction The air compressor pumps air to. 3. However. Activates/Loads the Compressor r When system air pressure lowers to approximately 100-105 psi (cut-in pressure). Integral to air dryer. Deactivates/Unloads the Compressor r When pressure builds up to approximately 125-130 psi (cut-out pressure). r Oil in the air stream affects system components. connected by an air line to the compressor head. air accessories. greasing systems. Bolted to the air compressor head. the governor actuates other components. r Ensure that the compressor operates properly and only discharges minimal oil into the system. 2. Typical Ratings Ratings (cubic feet/minute) 12-13 Applications r Standard rating on most on-highway tractors. also known as the “wet” tank) and activates/loads or deactivates/unloads the compressor to control system air pressure. r Vehicles that require additional air demands. an air system. air dryer and auxiliary devices directly related to the compressor and the air dryer. such as multiple trailers. r Naturally aspirated. to ensure proper air dryer operation. and builds up pressure in. reduces desiccant efficiency and eventually disables the moisture removal function of the air dryer. based on sizing criteria in FMVSS 121. the governor should only control the compressor. etc. In some air systems. etc. etc.Components Air System Components Discussion Components Air Governor The air governor senses pressure fluctuations in the system’s first tank (typically the supply tank. the governor opens an internal valve and applies air pressure from the supply (wet) tank to the compressor’s unloader port. providing air for a central tire inflation system. 15-16 30-34 8 . r An air dryer and an air system will tolerate only a minimal amount of compressor oil in the air stream. Mounting Configurations 1. r Vehicles with especially high air requirements. Oil in the Air Stream Compressors used in heavy-duty truck applications discharge some compressor oil into the compressed-air system. r Turbocharged (uses air pressure from the pressure side of the engine turbocharger).

Ensure that no loops. When the air dryer is at the same level or lower than the compressor and a downhill line is not possible: r Route the compressor discharge line up immediately out of the compressor as high as necessary to allow the remainder to continue down to the dryer. r Whenever possible. etc. water vapor and contaminants. water that accumulates in a sag or bend can freeze. so that air can flow freely from the supply tank to the dryer. r Install the line directly from the air governor to the air dryer. r Example: An alcohol evaporator r Install a bypass line around the alcohol evaporator. Installation 1. especially when a vehicle is stationary over a period of time with the engine OFF. Water. water vapor and contaminants are removed from the air when it passes through the dryer to be dried and cleaned. A valve or other component installed in the compressor discharge line can restrict airflow to the dryer and form areas where water can pool and freeze. Air System Reservoir Tanks Supply (Wet) Tank. 3. especially at the dryer inlet. Avoid sharp bends and 90° fittings. Air Dryer to Supply Tank Line Installation Install the line directly from the air dryer to the supply (wet) tank. The compressor discharge line must be installed in a continuous downhill run from the compressor to the air dryer. block the compressor discharge line and prevent air delivery to the dryer and system. NOTES: r Do not use the air governor line to activate other devices. do not install devices in this line that would prohibit or restrict the flow of air back from the supply tank to the air dryer. as well as the compressor unload cycle. Potential Problem: A Loop. A check valve in the dryer’s outlet ensures that system does not lose air pressure when the engine is stopped. r In cold weather. where water can pool. such as automatic drain valves. 9 .Components Air Governor Signal Line The air governor signal line activates the purge and regeneration cycles of the air dryer. after-cooler-type dryers. r Air from select system tanks flows through the air dryer to regenerate (dry) the desiccant. 4. sag or bend in the line is a potential water trap. 2. Compressor Discharge Line Air from the compressor is hot and contains water. bends or sags exist in the line. The compressor discharge line cools the air and delivers it to the air dryer. Sag or Bend in the Line r A loop. Primary Reservoir(s) and Secondary Reservoir(s) Air system reservoir tanks store air the system needs to regenerate the air dryer.

the valve allows air pressure to drop to 90 psi and closes (normal check valve function) to protect the remaining air in the tank. ≈ 10 psi would be taken for regeneration.PCCV Placement Pressure-Controlled Check Valve (PCCV) PCCV Placement The PCCV is typically installed on one of the system tanks in place of the inlet check valve.200 in3 at the bottom. Looking at the chart and finding 10. and a second single axle trailer with 1400 in3. r The valve ensures that air pressure in the system reservoir tank is not below approximately 90 psi. installing the PCCV on the primary tank gives adequate regeneration volume (supply 900 in3 + primary 3200 in3 = 4100 in3). From this volume. the PCCV complies with FMVSS 121 and corresponding Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations. the volume for regeneration will be a function of the reservoir sizes. the total system size is 10. When properly installed. The valve maintains a minimum air pressure in the reservoir tanks and also allows the air dryer to use 10 psi of air volume from the supply (wet) tank and select system tank(s) during the regeneration cycle. Since the air dryer will take approximately 10 psi from the contributing reservoirs. r If a problem occurs upstream of an air tank with a PCCV installation. reading up and over shows the system needs 2856 in3 of reservoir volume contributing to regeneration. a single axle dolly with 1400 in3. The “reservoirs contributing to regeneration” will determine the placement of the PCCV in the system. For instance. secondary 1900 in3) and it pulls a lead single trailer with 1400 in3. (The valve returns to normal check valve function when air pressure in the system tank drops below 95 psi. if the tractor has a total air system of 6000 in3 (supply – 900 in3. r The PCCV allows air to flow freely into the system reservoir tank and back into the supply (wet) tank above 95 psi.200 in3. In this case. The “Total System Size” is the sum of all the air tanks to be filled on all vehicles that the compressor will be filling. The following figure shows the proper sizing of the system and the volume of the reservoirs contributing to the regeneration volume required for a given installation. 10 .) Determine the Correct Pressure-Controlled Check Valve (PCCV) Placement for the System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series Air Dryer The regeneration volume is determined by how much compressed air is pumped through the air dryer during each compressor cycle. primary 3200 in3.

r Total System Size = Sum of all reservoir tanks an air compressor must service in the vehicle’s air system.200 5000 Volume of reservoirs contributing to regeneration — in3 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 0 5000 Total reservoir volume — in3 10.PCCV Placement Formula for Total System Size Use the formula below to compute total system size. Example: (IN3) r Supply (Wet) Tank Primary Reservoir Tank Secondary Reservoir Tank Tractor’s Total Air System r Lead Single Axle Trailer Single Axle Dolly Second Single Axle Trailer Total Load Pulled: r Total Combination Vehicle System Size (IN3) The Air Compressor Must Service 6000 + 4200 = Figure 3 900 3200 1900 6000 (IN3) 1400 1400 1400 4200 10.000 11 .

the inlet temperature must be below 175°F (80°C). Overloading the Dryer A single-cartridge dryer has a finite drying capacity and should not be run longer than recommended. water and water vapor before it passes through the desiccant cartridge. protect the air dryer with an insulator or heat shield. bulk unloading. protect the dryer with a mud flap or protective shield. D. If air temperature is ABOVE 175fF (80fC): r Hot air can melt or prematurely age the air dryer’s internal components. Otherwise. reduces desiccant efficiency and eventually disables the air dryer’s ability to remove moisture. preventing adsorption and the removal of water from the system. such as exhaust manifolds or pipes. should use a System Saver TWIN air dryer. If air temperature is BELOW FREEZING (32fF/0fC): r Water in the air line can freeze and obstruct the dryer before the inlet. r Oil in the air stream affects system components.PCCV Placement Air Dryer Operating Parameters The air dryer cools. E. air from the compressor contains contaminants. the oil coats the desiccant beads. Prevent Oil Contamination r An air dryer and an air system will tolerate only a minimal amount of compressor oil in the air stream. Protect the Air Dryer from Direct Wheel Splash Whenever possible. such as CTI. Protect the Air Dryer from Heat-Producing Sources Whenever possible. 12 . r Example: Protect the air dryer installed behind a front wheel. r That’s why adding a desiccant-type air dryer to a system with a compressor that discharges too much oil will not compensate for a compressor that is not operating properly. etc. etc. B. mount the air dryer in a location where water. r Otherwise. r In cold temperatures. r If a System Saver 1000 or 1200 Series is used. filters and dries compressed air to prevent problems with moisture in an air system. Proper Air Regeneration Volume Adequate regeneration volume removes moisture from the desiccant cartridge and prepares the dryer for the next compressor load cycle. F. C. r When an air compressor discharges too much oil into the compressed-air system. air start. non-brake related auxiliary devices. mount the air dryer at least 12 inches from any heat producing sources. such as oil.. mud. A. r To filter and dry air from the compressor. transmissions. Check Air Dryer Inlet Temperature Hot air has the capacity to hold more water than cooler air. so there is less condensation or fall-out before the air reaches the desiccant. slush. bypass the air dryer to supply the auxiliary devices. the bottom of an air dryer exposed to wheel splash can freeze and the purge valve stop functioning. desiccant-type air dryers use desiccant beads that accumulate water molecules and other contaminants on the surface of the desiccant bed. To ensure that the air dryer operates properly. Ideal inlet temperature is below 150°F (66°C). carbon particles. r Meritor WABCO recommends that vehicles using high air consumption. Too Much Oil in the System Contaminates the Desiccant r In heavy-duty truck applications. cannot splash or spray directly onto the air dryer.

regenerates the desiccant by using the system air regeneration method. r When a restriction or pressure drop occurs through a dryer: The compressor must pump to 120 psi (cut-out pressure) plus the amount of the pressure drop. the compressor must pump to 124 psi to reach cut-out. r This method can only accommodate an air system up to a specific size. r Single-purpose. the Purge Tank method or the System Air Regeneration method. On-Board Purge Volume Method (also known as Integral Purge Volume Method) r The air dryer stores regeneration air within the air dryer instead of in a separate air reservoir. 13 . System Air Regeneration r The System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series. r A System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series single-cartridge air dryer has drying capacity to handle a 25 cfm compressor. r The regeneration valve controls the flow of air to regenerate the desiccant. r The air dryer is more compact than an on-board purge volume method unit. r A “proportional purge” method. pumping at maximum output for two minutes. r Flow capacity and drying capacity determine an air dryer’s rating. A dryer uses less air in a small air system. r Dryer-mounted operating components constitute a heavy. PSI 1-1/2 4 7-1/2 12 CFM 13 20 30 40 Drying Capacity Cubic feet per minute (cfm) An air dryer’s design and the amount of desiccant it contains determines drying capacity. uses on-board air only to regenerate desiccant. bulky unit. Purge Tank Method r The air dryer uses a separate reservoir to hold regeneration air. as defined by two parameters: the flow capacity and the drying capacity. r A restriction or pressure drop through a dryer determines a dryer’s flow capacity. For example. 3. r A tractor trailer’s average compressor on-time is 15-25 seconds. the System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series can handle a compressor larger than 25 cfm. r The separate air reservoir needs mounting space. if the restriction or pressure drop is 4 psi. Meritor WABCO’s single-chamber air dryer. more air in a large air system. 1. r The air system requires modification to allow the proper amount of air to flow back to the dryer. r In special applications. without regenerating the desiccant. r Approximate pressure drops in cubic feet per minute (cfm) for Meritor WABCO air dryers: Today’s single-chamber air dryers regenerate the desiccant by using either the On-Board Volume (also known as the Integral Purge Volume) method.Regeneration Methods and Selection Factors Desiccant Regeneration Methods Regeneration Methods and Selection Factors Air Dryer Selection Factors Flow Capacity Cubic feet per minute (cfm) Capacity determines a dryer’s rating. 2. r This method can only accommodate an air system up to a specific size.

where the compressor runs almost continuously. which is an advantage to vocations such as: — Bulk hauler operations. when the compressor may not unload for long periods of time.Regeneration Methods and Selection Factors Purge Air Volume Purge air volume is the amount of air an air dryer requires to properly regenerate the desiccant. one cartridge dries while the other cartridge regenerates. Air Compressor Duty Cycle The air compressor duty cycle determines which air dryer to spec. Install a PCCV either on the primary or secondary reservoir tank. Installing one or more pressure-controlled check valves (PCCVs) in an air system can adjust purge volume for Meritor WABCO air dryers. System Saver TWIN Dual-Cartridge Air Dryer r High duty-cycle applications (over 30%) r Continuous operation. r Does not rely on a compressor unload signal to purge. System Saver 1000 and 1200 Series Single-Cartridge Air Dryer r Runs a 30% duty cycle or a maximum compressor on-time of two minutes. The amount of air that a compressor pumps through a dryer is proportional to the governor range. the more air a compressor pumps through a dryer during any given cycle. 1. and — Garbage packer and city bus operations. 2. 14 . Governor Range The governor range is the difference between cut-in pressure and cut-out pressure. Install a PCCV on both the primary and secondary reservoir tanks. The purge volume required is proportional to the air that flows through the dryer during a drying cycle. r The amount of purge air volume a system requires is proportionate to the governor range. r The wider the governor range.

© Copyright 1998 Meritor WABCO All Rights Reserved TP-9672 Revised 11-98 16579/24240 Printed in the USA Please Recycle ii .com Information contained in this publication was in effect at the time the publication was approved for printing and is subject to change without notice or liability.meritorauto.A. 800-535-5560 www. Meritor WABCO reserves the right to revise the information presented or discontinue the production of parts described at any time.S. MI 48084 U.Meritor WABCO Vehicle Control Systems 2135 West Maple Road Troy.

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