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INDEX

I. General Principles Constitutional court Court Courts of appellate jurisdiction Courts of general jurisdiction Courts of law Courts of original jurisdiction Courts of record Doctrine of Non-Interference Equity Judge Judicial Hierarchy Procedural rule Remedial law Special jurisdiction Statutory court Substantive law 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 2 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 Alternative dispute resolution Amended pleading Amendment Annulment of judgment Answer Arbitration Attachment Bill of particulars Caption Cause of action Certiorari Class suit Complaint Compulsory counterclaim Compulsory joinder of parties Conciliation Condition precedent Counterclaim Cross-claim Declaratory relief Default Deficiency judgment Deposition Disavowal of knowledge Discretionary execution Early neutral evaluation Execution Expropriation Extrajudicial foreclosure Final judgment Forcible entry Foreclosure sale Foreign judgment Garnishment Indigent party Indispensable party Injunction Interpleader Interrogatories Intervention Joinder of causes of action Lack of cause of action Litigated motion Mediation Mini-trial Motion Motion to dismiss Necessary party Negative defenses Negative pregnant Omnibus motion rule Partial denial Partition Permissive counterclaim Permissive joinder of parties Pleadings Preliminary Attachment Preliminary injunction 49 39 39 98 27 51 104 43, 61 30 21 143 24 26 27 24 51 33 27 28 133 35 152 55 34 101 51 99 147 152 99 155 151 112 104, 118 23 22 122 132 61 52 22 21 42 51 51 41 44 22 27 27 42 34 153 27 24 26 119 122

II. Jurisdiction Court of Appeals Court of Tax Appeals Doctrine of adherence to jurisdiction Doctrine of ancillary jurisdiction Doctrine of primary jurisdiction Error of judgment Error of jurisdiction Exercise of jurisdiction Family court Jurisdiction Jurisdiction over the defendant Jurisdiction over the issues Jurisdiction over the plaintiff Jurisdiction over the res Jurisdiction over the subject matter Katarungang Pambarangay Municipal Trial Courts Regional Trial Court Rules on Summary Procedure Sandiganbayan Small claims cases Supreme Court Totality rule 10 11 5 5 5 5 5 5 14 4, 5 4 7 4 7 6 16 14 13 16 12 12 8 18

III. Civil Procedure Absolute denial Accion Interdictal Accion Publiciana Accion Reinvindicatoria Action Action In personam Actionable document Actions in rem Affirmative defense 34 152 152 152 19 20 34 20 27

ACADEMICS CHAIR: LESTER JAY ALAN E. FLORES II UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS VICE CHAIRS FOR ACADEMICS: KAREN JOY G. SABUGO & JOHN HENRY C. MENDOZA Facultad de Derecho Civil VICE CHAIR FOR MANAGEMENT AND FINANCE: JEANELLE C. LEE VICE CHAIRS FOR LAY-OUT AND DESIGN: EARL LOUIE M. MASACAYAN & THEENA C. MARTINEZ

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UST GOLDEN NOTES 2011


Prohibition Provisional remedies Quasi in rem Quo warranto Real party in interest Reply Right of action Service Specific denial Splitting a cause of action Subpoena Summons Terceria Third (fourth, etc.) Party complaint Ultimate facts Venue Verification 122, 138 117 20 141 22 29 21 36 34 22 54 54 108 29 33 25 30 Duplicity rule Equipoise rule General warrant Hold departure order Hot pursuit arrest Information Inquest Mittimus Motion to quash New trial Nolleprosequi Pardon Plea bargaining Prejudicial question Preliminary examination Preliminary investigation Pre-trial Principle of absorption Principle of adherence Probable cause Probation Provisional remedies Recantation Reconsideration Reverse trial Search warrant Searching inquiry Seizure State witness Time bar rule Trial Trial in absentia Warrant of arrest Warrantless arrest Watch list order 223 256 288 253 241 220 239 279 267 282 266 266 263 229 237 233 270 224 215 235 281 292 283, 284 282 256 288 264 288 277 270 275 277 240, 289 240 254

IV. Special Proceeding Administrator Adoption Best interest standard Child legally available for adoption Domestic adoption Escheat Executor Extralegal killings Guardianship Inter-country adoption Letters of administration Letters testamentary Omnibus waiver rule Principle of preferential jurisdiction Probate Statute of non-claims Substantial compliance rule Trust Writ of amparo Writ of habeas corpus Writ of habeas data 176 192 196, 199 192 192 189 176 200 189 192 176 176 202 167 173 180 175 188 205 205 205

VI. Evidence Admissibility of evidence Alibi Best evidence rule Burden of evidence Burden of proof Child witness Circumstantial evidence Common knowledge Competency of a witness Competent evidence Conclusive presumption Continuing objections Credibility of a witness Credible evidence Dead mans statute Declaration against interest Demonstrative evidence Direct evidence Disputable presumptions 295 304 316 297 297 355 296 308 329 296 299 362 329 296 331 344 313 296 299

V. Criminal Procedure Allow departure order Amendment Amnesty Arraignment Bail Buy-bust operation Complaint Continuous trial system Custodial investigation Demurrer to evidence Double jeopardy Duplicity of offenses 254 225 266 261 245 241 220 276 260 267 268 223

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REMEDIAL LAW TEAM: ADVISER: JUDGE MYRA B. QUIAMBAO, JUSTICE OSCAR C. HERRERA, JR., JUSTICE JAIME M. LANTIN, JUDGE CESAR D. STAMARIA, SR.; SUBJECT HEAD: ANGELI P. ALBAA; ASST. SUBJECT HEADS: DARRELL L. BAGANG, DIANE CAMILLA R. BORJA, YRIZ TAMIE A. MARIANO, MA. KATRINA NADINE G. JUANENGO; MEMBERS: AKEMI B. AIDA, TERESE RAY-ANNE O. AQUINO, GRETCHEN C. SY, RHONDEE E. DUMLAO, KRISTINE P. MIJARES, DONNA GRAGASIN, EDELISE D. PINEDA, SHERY PAIGE A. LIM, MARA KHRISNA CHARMINA F. MENDOZA, UNICA AMOR R. MANANQUIL, MICHAEL ANGELO V. FLORES; CONTRIBUTORS: VICENTE JAN O. PLATON III, RONN ROBBY D. ROSALES

INDEX
DNA evidence 313 Doctrine of incomplete testimony 340 Documentary evidence 316 Dying declaration 349 Electronic data message 321 Electronic evidence 321 Electronic signature 322 English exchequer rule 364 Ephemeral electronic communication 323 Equipoise doctrine 303 Examination of a child witness 355 Expert witness 354 Extrajudicial admission 309 Fruit of the poisonous tree 295 Harmless error rule 364 Hearsay evidence 347 Hostile witness 340 Immunity statutes 337 Independently relevant statements 348 Judicial admission 309 Judicial notice 308 Laying the predicate 341, 342 Leading question 341 Marital disqualification rule 332 Misleading question 341 Negative evidence 296 Object evidence 311 Offer of evidence 361 Offer of proof 363 Opinion evidence 348 Original document 318 Parol evidence rule 323 Positive evidence 296 Preponderance of evidence 307 Principle of adoptive admission 344 Real evidence 311 Relevance of evidence 295 Res gestae 351 Res inter alios acta alteri nocere non debet 343 Secondary evidence 318 Self-serving evidence 310 Sexual abuse shield rule 359 Spousal immunity 330 Substantial evidence 307 Sweetheart theory 306 Tender of excluded evidence 363 Weight of evidence 303 VIII. Katarungang Pambarangay Amicable settlement Arbitration award Venue 373 374 373

IX. Rule of Procedure for Small Claims Cases (AM No. 08-8-7-SC) Appearance Prohibited pleadings Rule of Procedure for Small Claims Cases 376 376 376

X. Rules of Procedure for Environmental Cases (AM No. 09-6-78-SC) Citizen suit Precautionary principle Rule on Environmental Cases Strategic Lawsuit Against Public Participation Temporary Environmental Protection order Writ of continuing mandamus Writ of Kalikasan 379 385 378 380 379 381 381

VII. Revised Rules on Summary Procedure Effect of failure of the defendant to answer Effect of the plaintiffs failure to appear Preliminary conference 372 372 372

ACADEMICS CHAIR: LESTER JAY ALAN E. FLORES II UNIVERSITY OF SANTO TOMAS VICE CHAIRS FOR ACADEMICS: KAREN JOY G. SABUGO & JOHN HENRY C. MENDOZA Facultad de Derecho Civil VICE CHAIR FOR MANAGEMENT AND FINANCE: JEANELLE C. LEE VICE CHAIRS FOR LAY-OUT AND DESIGN: EARL LOUIE M. MASACAYAN & THEENA C. MARTINEZ

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