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Dear Respondents, My name is Furqan ur Rehman (UEL id: u0857872) and I am a final year student of B.A.

(Hons) International Business under the University of East London programme in Stamford College. I am conducting a research on the perception towards publicsector corruption in business. I have chosen Multan, Pakistan as the location of study. For this purpose, I am selecting students and general public at random from the city to gather information. I assure you that all the information provided will be treated with strict confidence and only used for academic purposes. This questionnaire survey is to be conducted during the 3rd week of November. I greatly appreciate you taking up your precious time to fill out this questionnaire. Thank you. (Please indicate by clicking in the boxes provided) Section A: Personal data AGE: 16 20 21 24 25 and above GENDER: Male Female Student General public

Section B: Awareness about public-sector corruption in business 1. What do you consider a part of corruption? (you may tick more than one answer) Favouring relatives and friends Paying and receiving bribes Abuse of entrusted power for personal gain. Giving or receiving gifts to influence decisions Fraud (of any kind) Others 2. How resistive are government and business institutes towards public-sector corruption in Pakistan? Very resistive Resistive Not resistive 3. How serious is the public-sector corruption in Pakistan? Very serious Serious Not serious Not sure

4. What has influenced your perception of public-sector corruption in business in Pakistan? Media Government performance Reports prepared by international bodies Personal experience Others 5. A statement: The law has all the basic terms that are needed to provide business security. However, corruption is the main problem that these laws are not followed. Strong agree Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree Strongly disagree 6. Is law and policy making transparent in Pakistan? Yes No 7. How do you rate the prevalence of public-sector corruption in business in Pakistan? (1= very high, 5= very low) 1 2 3 4 5 8. Rank the following from the most to the least problematic factor for doing business in Pakistan? (1= Most problematic, 6= Least problematic) Public-sector corruption _2_ Inadequate infrastructure _6_ Tax regulations _3_ Access to financing _5_ Crime and theft _4_ Policy instability _1_ Section C: Effects of public-sector corruption in business 9. A statement: Small and medium sized enterprises are affected more by the public-sector corruption than the big businesses Strongly agree Agree Neither agree nor disagree Disagree Strongly disagree 10.Which one of the following statements is true? Public-sector corruption Allows businesses to indulge in unethical behaviour Makes it harder for businesses to survive 11.To what extent do you perceive the following institutions in your country to be affected by public-sector corruption? (1=not affected, 5= extremely affected) Police Education Judiciary Tax revenue authorities 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5

12.Rate the law and order in terms of (1=very bad, 5= very good)

Property rights Investment security Reliability of police services


Existence of anti-fraud and anti-corruption

1 1 1
1

2 2 2
2

3 3 3
3

4 4 4
4

5 5 5
5

Section D: Willingness to start business under this corruption 13.Are you living outside of Pakistan? Yes No (If no, please proceed to question 15) 14. If yes, how often do you visit Pakistan? Very often Often Not often Not very often 15.Was there a time when there was no other option and you had to pay a bribe in Pakistan to get your work done? Yes No (if no, please proceed to question 17) 16. If yes, how many times have you been in that situation? Many Few Very few 17.Do you plan to start your own business in the future? Yes No (if no, please proceed to question 19) 18.Do you want to start it in Pakistan? Yes No 19.Business activities are decreasing in Pakistan. In your opinion what could be the possible reasons of this? (you may tick more than one answer) Political instability Cost of running a business Number of procedures required to start a business No investment security Hard to acquire a loan Lack of infrastructure Lack of political connections Lack of support from the government Businesses are controlled by the political leaders 20. Do you think there are any enforcement agencies in Pakistan? Yes No

Section E: Eradicating public-sector corruption in business 21. Are you willing to take part in curbing public-sector corruption? Yes No 22. Over the past 3 years, the corruption in Pakistan has Increased Decreased Stayed the same 23. How likely are you to report corruption? Highly likely Likely Neither likely nor unlikely Unlikely Highly unlikely 24.How would you assess the governments action in curbing public-sector corruption? Very effective Effective Neither effective nor ineffective Ineffective Very ineffective 25.According to you, which side needs to contribute more while curbing public-sector corruption in business? Government Business 26. How relevant are the following measures from the government to curb public-sector corruption (1=not relevant, 5=very relevant) Appointing on merit Access to information Abolish discretionary powers Adequate salaries Privatisation of state businesses Judicial streamlined Accountability of public officers Transparency Reviewing laws and policies Recognising corruption reporting Promoting independent Media Protection for ones who expose corruption 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5

1 1

2 2

3 3

4 4

5 5

27.Now rank in terms of importance the measures needed to be taken by the businesses to curb public-sector corruption in business ((1=not relevant, 5=very relevant) Appointing on merit Accountability of employees Working with the media Stakeholder engagement Protection for ones who expose corruption 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5

THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR TAKING YOUR TIME IN COMPLETING THIS SURVEY.