Siemens H-class gas turbine For pioneering efficiency with world class flexibility

Willibald Fischer Program Director 8000H Fossil Power Generation Division Siemens Energy

Press tour CCPP Irsching 4 May 19, 2011

Hammer. Customer needs and benefits were the main drivers for the development of the new engine and power plant engineering. Since then the project reached one milestone after the other: First firing took place on December 2007. the power train and the surrounding water steam cycle. these result in unprecedented operational flexibility. base load was achieved April 24. 2008. was released to the market. .1 s Dear Mr. The 50 and 60 Hz versions offer high efficiency and low emissions in base load and part load. The 8000H program started in 2000.ON to partner for the installation of the first SGT5-8000H power plant at Irsching 4 Power Plant. The performance of the SGT5-8000 H exceeded the expectations and consequently the engine. Germany. Suess. Esteemed representatives of the press Ladies and gentlemen. that this could only be achieved by a joint development effort for the gas turbine. The focus was on increased efficiency of the whole plant. The new SGT5-8000H gas turbine and its first implementation into a Combined Cycle Power Plant are the result of years of long standing commitment in terms of significant R&D spending and manpower resources within Siemens Energy. field validation program was successfully completed in August 2009. and after thorough development and engineering the successful component testing paved the way to the first field installation in simple cycle configuration in a real power plant environment. rated at 375 MW at ISO conditions. Siemens gained E. resulting in the ability to start fast and cycle quickly in combination with advancements on the plant and balance of plant side. The engines are fully air cooled. Dr. It is the largest operating gas turbine in the world. after over one and a half years in simple cycle operation. as noted by the Guinness Book of World Records. such as using the once-through Benson® type HRSG. First synchronization to the grid occurred on March 7. as well as operational flexibility. Already at the very beginning it was clear to the development team at Siemens.

increase of combined-cycle net efficiency to over 60% .turn down capability  Reduced emissions per kWh produced  Attractive CAPEX and OPEX . the following key drivers were identified as basis for program success:  Product Performance: . were the essential drivers for developing the new SGT5-8000H. at Irsching the extension and conversion to a combined cycle power plant commenced and was completed on schedule in December 2010. 2000 Nov. Over the ten years of the 8000H program from 2000 until today. Major Milestones of the 8000H Program and the Irsching 4 Project Consequent program management is essential for successful execution and on-time completion of large. all major milestones during the entire project execution period were achieved on time.high efficiency also in part-load operation . a selection of the most important ones is found below: Launch – 8000H Program EPC Contract E. Overall. 2005 . market development and regional boundary conditions. complex and long lasting projects like this.rapid start-up capability and increased ramp rates for fast load following ability .increase of combined cycle output beyond 550 MW per single unit (in 50 Hz)  Maintain and/or Increase Operational Flexibility of the F-class .ON & Siemens Energy Oct. With appropriate methods and processes in place.2 s After GT field validation was completed in August 2009.lower specific investment (EUR/kW) resulting from economies of scale . priorities for customers have changed in some areas and required continuous monitoring of the entire energy landscape. Primary Targets of the 8000H Program Customer requirements resulting especially from today’s liberalized energy markets and the increased importance of balancing the increased market penetration of renewable power.no compromises for reliability and availability In summary ultimately resulting in lowest life cycle costs for maximized IRR and NPV.

Phase I Ground breaking for civil works at Irsching 4 site SGT5-8000H engine shipped ex Works Berlin 1st Fire Simple Cycle at Irsching 4 Test Center End of GT Test & Validation Phase Irsching 4. exclusively air-cooled turbine section. with no external cooling sysAdvanced. 2011 Feb. high component efficiency. conHirth facial serrations. 2006 Apr.3 Irsching 4. variable guide vanes and cantilevered vanes. Phase II Completion of construction phase CC extension 1 re-synchronization to grid in CC 1 base load in combined cycle mode Planned commercial operation Design Features of the SGT5-8000H gas turbine st st s Sept. 2011 Summer 2011 The engine concept was selected from a number of air-cooled engine design options and several gas turbine cycle variants after completion of a comprehensive feasibility analysis during the conceptual design phase. can annular combustion system. Four-stage. high-pressure and high-temperature combined-cycle tem. The most important gas turbine design features are:    Single tie-bolt rotor comprising individual compressor and turbine disks with Hydraulic clearance optimization (HCO). trolled diffusion airfoils (CDA) in the front stages and high performance airfoils (HPA) in the rear stages. The Irsching 4 Project . highly-efficient. 2010 Jan. Axial 13 stage compressor with high mass flow. Advanced.     High temperature. air-cooled. process with a Benson boiler design based on the high mass flow and exhaust temperature of the new engine. 2007 Aug. The air-cooled concept selected offers maximum added value by virtue of its higher operational flexibility – an essential prerequisite in the deregulated power generation market environment. on-board variable dilution air system. 2007 Dec. 2009 Dec.

to provide Siemens maximum flexibility during the 18 months of testing the new gas turbine under the terms of additional hosting agreements for fuel supply and electricity takeoff and trading. The Irsching power plant site was selected due to its existing infrastructure and location within the HV grid. a major German electricity provider with a variety of plants in different countries.4 s Right from the beginning of the 8000H program. site preparation started in 2005 and civil works commenced in 2006 with construction of the turbine foundation and structures for the main turbine building. built in the late 1960s/early 1970s featuring three gas-fired (originally oil-fired) units. The right partner to team up with for this challenging project was E. while Irsching 3 is still used for peak load operation. E. a unique contract was negotiated and structured in two phases along with the terms of a turnkey EPC arrangement: Phase I called for construction of the simple cycle portion of the plant. during which several potential sites were investigated in terms of their suitability. located on the south bank of the Danube River near Ingolstadt. Whilst civil works for Phase I of the plant were nearly completed. in order to provide additional generation capacity in the southern part of Germany as compensation for the significant capacity of wind power installed in Northern parts of Germany during the past years. based on a schedule allowing gas turbine validation in a real plant environment with grid connection. it was evident.ON.e.ON had plans to modernize its power station. in Bavaria. Irsching 1 and 2 are now taken off from the grid. that the 375 MW Gas Turbine could not be tested at full load at Siemens’ Berlin Test facility. the first SGT58000H engine was shipped from the Siemens gas turbine manufacturing plant in . After a one and a half year feasibility study. i. allowing full load operation while feeding the generated power to the grid in order to compensate at least a portion of the huge operation and testing expenses. which was restricted to 220 MW for various reasons at that time. To add the advanced generation unit 4. the joint decision was made to select the existing Irsching site for the project. At Irsching. Accordingly. Therefore it was decided to explore options with potential partners for a joint gas fired combined cycle project.

where exactly the same components. pyrometers. In order to reflect the reduced mass flow of approx. 1 : 1. The SGT6-8000H. detail design of the SGT6-8000H was already . Seoul represent the market introduction phase. The gas turbine test phase was successfully completed in August 2009. 12 rather than 16 can-combustors are used on the 60 Hz model. by adding a HRSG. the first unit will be installed in the Test Center of our Berlin factory in 2011 and be subject of a 6 months test program. The only exception is the combustion system. A scaling factor of 1 : 1. Market Launch. and First Commercial Projects 1st commercial customer projects like the 1200 MW Cape Canaveral and Riviera Clean Energy Centers of Florida Power & Light and the 410 MW unit Bugok III of GS EPS (GS Electric Power & Services. 2007. cooling water systems and associated BoP and operator training. rated at 274 MW. are used as in the 50 Hz model.44. After arrival it was placed on the foundation at the Irsching 4 site at the end of May 2007. At the end of testing the engine had logged operating experience equivalent to 160 starts and 1500 operating hours. Based on this approach with multiple other well proven examples in our company as reference. validation efforts for the SGT6-8000H can be based on the comprehensive information gained during the SGT5-8000H test program and will require only limited additional efforts to fully prove entire integrity of the 60 Hz model. During engine installation. with currently eight units in total. to finally add the world’s first combined cycle power plant with more than 60% efficiency to E.ON fleet of power plants. a considerable scope of additional instrumentation such as externally-mounted blade vibration sensors.. the steam turbine.2 is being applied consistently over the entire cross section of the turbine. such as burners and baskets. Ltd. Therefore. Cold commissioning of the gas turbine was successfully completed in December 2007 and first fire successfully celebrated in presence of several hundreds guests on December 20. These projects are based on the 60 Hz version of the 8000H.5 s Berlin at the end of April 2007. is a direct scale of the 50 Hz SGT5-8000H.). The design of the SGT6-8000H is strictly based on Siemens’ proven aerodynamic scaling rules. tip clearance and flow field probes as well as two infrared turbine blade monitoring cameras were installed. As of submission of this paper. Phase II became active upon successful completion of the Gas Turbine Field Validation phase and required Siemens to extend the open cycle plant to a full combined cycle in single shaft configuration.

Not only that efficiency and performance of gas fired generation technology was shifted beyond existing borders. achieving more than 60% combined cycle efficiency. . has been designed. Siemens’ new advanced 8000H Class represents the most advanced and modern technology for economic and environmental friendly gas fired power generation.6 s finalized and assembly of the first unit completed. installed and proven during initial operation in reality. Siemens Energy is now able to offer world class performance of the 8000H product line for full commercial application as follows: SGT5-8000H Gas Turbine Rating Output Efficiency Combined Cycle Rating Output Efficiency 375 MW 40 % SCC5-8000H 1S 570 MW > 60 % 274 MW 40 % SCC6-8000H 1S 410 MW > 60 % SGT6-8000H What seemed to be impossible at time of launch of the program. Summary Approximately 20 years after introduction of today’s F Class gas turbine. It can be summarized as “Beyond 60% . Based on final detailed evaluation of test data and comparison with design predictions. Siemens’ 8000H technology adds operational flexibility beyond existing F Class technology.Pioneering H Class Efficiency at world class flexibility”. with production of further engines in progress. manufactured.

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