Questar Gas Company

Good Practices for Gas Piping and Appliance Installations

GREEN STICKER The proper installation and adjustments of a natural gas appliance is the responsibility of the installer. This book contains tables listing the Btu content (heat value) and specific gravity of gas, deration factors and altitudes throughout Questar’s service area. When natural gas space heaters (furnaces, boilers, etc.) and water heating equipment installations have been completed and properly adjusted for the heat value of the gas and derated for altitude according to the manufacturer’s installation instructions, the installer shall fill out and post a “GREEN STICKER” on the appliance where it will be visible by the customer. The green sticker is an identifier which will let the customer or a repairman know that the appliance has been properly adjusted.

Effective July 1, 2002, any contractor installing or servicing natural gas appliances in Utah must have a Natural Gas Technician Certification identification with them on the job site. Currently, the certification is not required by Journeyman Plumbers. For further information, contact Rocky Mountain Gas Association.

59060 05/24/11

National Board of Fire Underwriters. International Plumbing Code. this booklet does not attempt to set forth all requirements of any such ordinances or codes. 5/24/11 1 . as well as with the information contained herein so gas installations made by them will measure up to the proper standards of quality and workmanship.SECTION I (PREFACE) GENERAL The information contained in this booklet consists of guidance for plumbing and heating contractors engaged in the installation of gas-fired equipment in the area served by Questar Gas Company (the Gas Company). International Residential Code. American Gas Association standards. however. Questar Gas Company recommends all plumbing and heating contractors become thoroughly familiar with the requirements of the applicable ordinances or codes. International Mechanical Code. National Electrical Code. contained in the International Fuel Gas Code. leaks. QUESTAR GAS COMPANY 1-800-323-5517 Gas line breaks. Information contained herein has been extracted from local codes adopted and incorporated by local authorities into heating or plumbing ordinances or codes and hence mandatory. odor or pressure problems ONLY please call 1-800-541-2824 Additions and/or changes made to the Good Practice Book are indicated by a line in the right margin.

...... 35 Appliance Connectors ........................................... General Statement ...... 27 Piping Plan ................................ 7 GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ........33 Shut-off Valves .................. 3........................ 34 Meter Spot Test ....................26 Service Connections ...................... 16..........38 2 .................. 10.............................30 LP Gas ....... 4..............................................29 Gas Piping Material ...................... 14.... 2..................29 Plastic Piping Material .................................................................CONTENTS SECTION I ................................................... Page No.................................... 7............................................ 5.................................. 9 SECTION III ................... 8................................ Meter Location .................................................................30 Workmanship and Defects .... 12..........26 Meter/Riser Protection .................31 Installation of Gas Piping ............ 7 Problems Not Covered by This Information ...........................33 Pressure Testing .......................................................................................................29 Corrugated Stainless Steel Tubing (CSST) ................................37 Required Gas Piping Size ......................GAS PIPING INSTALLATION Paragraph 1... 15............................................................ Page No........ 8 SECTION II ............. 13...............36 Required Gas Supply .31 Concealed Piping and Fittings ...... 9....................................DEFINITIONS .................... 6. 11............................ 17.........................GENERAL Paragraph 1......... 2..........................

............ 58 6...... Combustion Air Ducts .................................................... 3..................................49 Suspended Unit Heaters ...... 51 Water Heaters ................................................................. 11.......50 Log Lighters .............. Air for Combustion and Ventilation . 5.......... 9.......... Louvers and Grilles ...................... 16....................... 7........................APPLIANCE INSTALLATION Paragraph 1....48 Warm-Air Furnace ........................................................................................................................................... 14..............................58 7...49 Vented Wall Furnaces .53 SECTION V ........................................................................ 4................................. 10........... 49 Residential Boilers ..... Appliances Located in Unconfined Spaces ........................................ 47 Installation in Garages ............. Outside Air .....................51 Gas Ranges ............. 56 4...................... 13....................................................................................COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION AIR Paragraph Page No............. 12.. 2.........57 5...... Appliances Located in Confined Spaces ........................... 50 Unvented Room Heaters ............................54 3.......................SECTION IV .............49 Floor Furnaces .............52 Commercial Clothes Dryer ................................. 52 Clothes Dryer .......................................................................47 Hazardous and Prohibited Locations ................................ 1............................ Accessibility and Clearances .... 6.. 50 Gas Logs (Decorative Appliances) ....................... Adequate Volume ....59 3 .................................. 15.....46 Special Conditions Created by Mechanical Exhausting or Fireplaces .... 54 2.................................................... 8................ Page No..............

..............................................................71 Gas Vent Termination ...............................................................................71 Category II...................... 80 MP Regulators .................. 4........................... 2................ 82 Atmospheric Vents and Gas Vent Bleed or Relief Lines for Boilers (over 400.........................VENTING Paragraph 1....................................... 8..... 6. Page No.......80 Gas Pressure Regulators ... III.. 66 Vent Dampers .............................. 5......................... 5.......... 13............ 10.............000 Btu) ANSI CSD-1 ..................................... Automatic Valves ........73 Direct Vent Termination .................... 75 SECTION VII ............................. 74 Prohibited Locations ................................................ Responsibility ......81 Venting for Diaphragm Type Valves ........65 Draft Hoods ....... 2......................................................................67 Sizing Vents/Connectors ........................... and IV Venting ........ 12.......................SECTION VI ..................................................81 Venting of MP Regulators ............................................................... 15... 9. 6....... 73 Masonry Chimneys .... 11.... 14............................................. 3.......... Page No..................... 7.....................................................66 Vent Connectors ....................................... 68 Category I Venting .............................. 82 4 ................... 65 Vent and Vent Connector Clearances ..............65 Appliances Required to be Vented ............CONTROLS AND REGULATORS Paragraph 1................................... 4............ 3................. 65 Vent and Vent Connector Materials ............72 Mechanical Draft Termination .......

........................ 3............ 117 INDEX ...................................... 112 Venting ............ 5........... 110 Modular Homes ........................................ 4........................... 91 SECTION IX ........................ 112 Gas Piping ......... 7.................. Page No..................... 91 Protective Devices . 11...... 2...................................................... Paragraph 1.................. MODULAR HOME.................... Procedure ...... 91 Automatic Pilots .................. 119-127 5 .......................................................................................................................... 115 Conversion of Appliances Located in Mobile Homes ....... 116 Formulas to know ........85 Adjusting Burner Input ............................................................................................................................................... 4..................MANUFACTURED HOME (MOBILE HOME)...... 5................................................................ 115 Appliance Installation ... 8.91 Instructions to the Customer .......... 6............................................84 Clocking Burner Input .........................84 Burners to be Adjusted ........................ 6.............. 91 Primary Air Adjustment .............................................. 110 Recreation Vehicle . AND PARK TRAILER Paragraph 1......91 Checking the Draft .................................... 7............................................... Manufactured Home ........................................ 2......................................... 84 Appliance Rating ......... 10............................................................91 Operation/Installation Instructions ...................... 9................SECTION VIII - PROCEDURES TO BE FOLLOWED TO PLACE AN APPLIANCE IN OPERATION Page No................................ 3.........

.............................. 62 Air Supply ...................................... 9. Meter Set ... 104 6 ... 3....Gas Input to Appliance in Cubic Feet Per Hour (4 ounce) .............................................................................. 6......................................... 15.................................) .. 59 Air Supply from Crawl Space ......... 11.................TABLES AND FIGURES Table Page No.... 37 Sizing a House Piping System . 43 VII Duct Sizes Round . 35 IV Maximum Capacity of Pipe in CFH (4 oz.. 5................................ 7...................................................................... 57 Air Supply from Inside Building ................................................................................................................................................................ 111 Manufactured Homes ............................... 4....................................................... 99-100 XV Orifice Capacities ...) ............One Opening ...Gas Input to Appliance in Cubic Feet Per Hour (2 pound) .............................................................................................................................. 8.. 14..... Page No.......41 V Maximum Capacity of Pipe in CFH (2 lb................... 101-109 Figure 1............................ 64 Vent Terminations .42 VI Corregated Stainless Steel Tubing (CSST) .......... 61 Air Supply from Attic ....................................................................................................94 XIII Clocking Meter ...................... 10................................... 12.......................61 VIII Vent Sizes ...................................................... 2..... 28 CSST Bonding ....... 63 Air Supply Horizontally ........ 39 Volume of Space .................................................................................28 II Piping Support ...73 Vent Tables ........................................ 32 III Meter Dial Test Times ................................................... I Commercial Meter Spread ............................................................... 111 LP-Gas System ............................................................. 95-97 XIV Clocking Meter ......................................... 93 XII Conversion of Inches of Water Column to Ounces of Gas Pressure ............ 27 Multiple Meter Set ........................................................................................................... 80 Combination LP-Gas and Natural Gas System .......................................................... 87-90 XI Pressure Factor Multiplier .............. 13..................................... 74 Automatic Valve ........... 76 X Standard Deration Factors ..........70 IX Vent Termination .................

heating contractors and fitters are invited to consult with Questar Gas Company on piping or appliance problems and industrial applications not covered by this information. engineers. Upon receipt of notice Questar Gas Company will promptly attend to any work required in connection with its meters or service pipes. For connections requiring removal of the gas meter. 7 . if Questar Gas Company finds a gas-burning installation or appliance beyond its meter which it considers to be unsafe. by the publication and distribution of this booklet. Architects. it is authorized to refuse gas supply or gas service to such installation or appliance until the defect or condition which renders it unsafe is corrected. assume any such responsibility. contractors. All persons who are not authorized by Questar Gas Company are prohibited from connecting or disconnecting Questar Gas Company’s meters or service pipes or in any way altering or interfering with Questar Gas Company’s meters or service pipes. contact Questar Gas Company for removal of the meter. PROBLEMS NOT COVERED BY THIS INFORMATION 2. plumbers. equipment or appliances beyond its meter and does not. Questar Gas Company is not responsible for the safe or proper installation of gas piping.GENERAL STATEMENT 1. However.

Questar Gas Company shall be notified at once. If meters or service regulators are found to be leaking. 8 . the installer shall make certain all orifices. When starting or inspecting any automatic gas appliance. Under no circumstance shall workers leave premises without either stopping all leaks or shutting off the gas service. regulators or any other devices which limit gas quantities are so installed and adjusted so the appliance will be furnished gas in an amount not greater than the rated Btu per hour input of the appliance when properly derated for altitude when required. Before lighting pilots. Questar Gas Company welcomes inquiries and will be glad to instruct anyone in the method of calculation of heat input. make sure all valves have been turned off for several minutes and the appliance has been thoroughly purged of any unburned gas. special attention shall be given to pilots. Follow manufacturer’s lighting instructions. Any gas piping found to be leaking must be shut off. NOTE: Manufacturer’s installation instructions of all gas appliances shall be followed unless there is a conflict with local code. pipe capacities or other technical requirements dealing with natural gas service. Soap suds or a gas detecting device may be used. except while testing for leaks.GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Before leaving any appliance installation or repair. Pipe and fittings shall never be tested for leaks with an open flame. Do not attempt to turn pilot lights too low.

G.An assembly of listed and approved semi-rigid or flexible tubing and fittings to carry fuel between a fuel piping outlet and a fuel burning appliance. door or similar obstruction covering the item described.Having access to but which first may require the removal of an access panel. workmanship.Automatic ignition shall be interpreted as means which provide for ignition of the gas at a burner when the gas burner valve controlling the gas to that burner is turned on.American Gas Association APPLIANCE .A gas appliance is any device which utilizes gas fuel to produce heat.SECTION II DEFINITIONS ACCESSIBLE . and type of construction. AIR SHUTTER . power or light. inspection. and will affect re-ignition if the flames of the gas to that burner have been extinguished by means other than closing the gas burner valve. AIR MIXER . AMBIENT TEMPERATURE .As to materials.The surrounding or encompassing temperature. 9 . .A. AUTOMATIC IGNITION . or test conducted by a recognized testing agency or authority. APPLIANCE FUEL CONNECTOR . means approved by the Administrative Authority as the result of investigation. A. APPROVED .That portion of an injection (Bunsen) type burner into which the primary air is introduced.An adjustable device for varying the size of the primary air inlet or inlets.

BOILER a. BURNER . BRANCH LINE .A device employed with gasburning equipment which will automatically shut off the gas supply to the burner being served by either direct or indirect means when the pilot flame is extinguished.The permanent joining of metallic parts to form an electrically conductive path and continuity to safely conduct any current likely to be imposed. Low pressure steam heating: A boiler furnishing steam at pressures not exceeding 15 pounds per square inch.500 Btu input. air-gas mixtures or flue gases. AUTOMATIC PILOT DEVICE . BTU . The pilot burner may or may not be constructed integrally with the device.A device for the final conveyance of the gas or a mixture of gas and air to the combustion zone. 10 . Low pressure hot-water heating: A boiler furnishing hot water at pressures not exceeding 160 pounds per square inch and at temperatures not exceeding 250o F. BOILER HORSE POWER .An object placed in an appliance to change the direction of or retard the flow of air. BONDING .Consists of an automatic pilot device and pilot burner securely assembled in fixed relationship.Gas piping which conveys gas from a supply line to the appliance.One boiler horse power equals approximately 42. b.AUTOMATIC PILOT . BAFFLE .(British Thermal Unit) The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit.

atmospheric pressure. CIRCUIT a. Series: One where the current has only one path to follow. d.A gas appliance normally used as the primary means of heating premises. b. Parallel: One in which the current has two or more paths to follow.} and occasionally higher). TYPE “A” . Primary Air Burner (Bunsen): The air introduced into a burner and which mixes with the gas before it reaches the port or ports.Used as an integral gas piping system. CHIMNEY. Power Burner: A burner in which either gas. Ordinarily this includes gas boilers.Corrugated Stainless Steel Tubing . CSST . for gas. c. CENTRAL HEATING GAS APPLIANCE . nor industrial gas boilers. iron smoke stacks or listed factory all-fuel chimneys.Chimneys or vents of masonry reinforced concrete. 11 . the line pressure.a.5 in. Secondary Air Burner (Luminous or Yellow Flame): A burner in which secondary air is depended on for the combustion of the gas. of water column {w. COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL: Pertaining to materials adjacent to or in contact with heat-producing appliance vent connectors. to 14 in. this added pressure being applied at the burner. room or space heaters. air or both are supplied at pressures exceeding. b. warm air furnaces. but does not include unit heaters. and for air.c. and floor furnaces. Pressure Burner: A burner which is supplied with an air-gas mixture under pressure (usually from 0.

air.A room or space having a volume less than 50 cubic feet per 1. Such materials shall be considered combustible.000 Btu/h of the aggregate input rating of all fuel-burning appliances installed in that space. 12 . CONDENSING APPLIANCE . chimneys. CONCEALED . COMBUSTION AIR .The liquid which separates from a gas (including flue gas) due to a reduction in temperature. CONFINED SPACE .The amount of gas which would occupy one cubic foot when at a temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit. fire retardant treated or plastered. water. COMBUSTION . or condensing coil.When placed in a finished building. CONDENSATE (CONDENSATION) . steam and hot water pipes. plant fibers or other materials that will ignite and burn. recuperative.A device designed to regulate the gas.A burner designed to supply gaseous fuel to an appliance originally designed to utilize another fuel. CONTROL . saturated with water vapor and under a pressure equivalent to that of 30 inches of mercury.Air necessary for complete combustion of fuel. and warm air ducts. It may be manual or automatic.Refers to the rapid oxidation of fuel gases accompanied by the production of heat or heat and light.An appliance which condenses part of the water vapor generated by the burning of hydrogen in fuel by means of a secondary. compressed paper. even though flame-proofed. would require removal of permanent construction to gain access. CONVERSION BURNER . and electrical supply to a gas appliance.gas vents. shall mean materials made of or surfaced with wood. CUBIC FOOT OF GAS (standard) .

the greater the capacity of tubing.Air which enters a draft hood and mixes with the flue gases. or made a part of the flue or vent connector from an appliance.Appliances which are so constructed and installed that all air for combustion is derived from the outside atmosphere and all flue gases are discharged to the outside atmosphere. DECATHERM .Pressure more than fourteen (14) inches of water column. (2) prevent a back draft from entering the appliance. usually expressed in cubic feet per hour or Btu per hour.A valve or plate for regulating draft.A device built into an appliance. DECORATIVE APPLIANCE .The maximum amounts of gas required per unit of time.Vented appliance whose primary function is the appearance of the flame. The higher the number EHD. which is designed to: (1) ensure the ready escape of the products of combustion in the event of no draft.000 Btu. ELEVATED PRESSURE . DIRECT VENT APPLIANCE . required for the operation of the appliance or appliances supplied. back draft.Measurement of the hydraulic efficiency between different tubing sizes. This number is used when sizing corrugated stainless steel tubing (CSST). and.000. DEMAND .DAMPER . EQUIVALENT HYDRAULIC DIAMETER (EHD) . (3) neutralize the effect of stack action of the vent or chimney upon the operation of the appliance. or blockage beyond the draft hood. DILUTION AIR . DRAFT HOOD . 13 .Equal to 10 therms or 1.

FLUE GASES . Bunsen: The flames produced by premixing some of the air required for combustion with the gas before it reaches the burner ports or point of ignition. Luminous. FORCED AIR TYPE CENTRAL FURNACE . b. FUEL LINE .The independent pipe from the meter to an appliance or appliances. FLAME SAFE GUARD .Products of combustion plus excess air in appliance flues or heat exchangers (before the draft hood or draft regulator). FURNACES a.A central furnace equipped with a fan or blower which provides the primary means for circulation of air.Air which passes through the combustion chamber and the appliance flues in excess of that which is theoretically required for complete combustion. GRAVITY-TYPE WARM-AIR FURNACE . b. 14 . Yellow.A device designed to shut off fuel in the event of flame failure. This definition also includes any furnace approved with a booster-type fan which does not materially restrict free circulation of air through the furnace when the fan is not in operation. or Non-Bunsen: The flame produced by burning gas without any premixing of air with the gas. FLAMES a.EXCESS AIR .A warm-air furnace depending primarily on circulation of air through the furnace by gravity.

or partition.1) Horizontal-type Central Furnace . c. floor.A furnace designed with air flow essentially in a vertical path. or having a sealed combustion system the inlet and outlet of which communicates only with the outside air.A gas conduit which depends for tightness on joint packing on any wall structure other than that formed by a continuous one-piece metal tubing member. installed on any premises or in any building.8 m) or less in length between an existing gas outlet and a gas appliance in the same room with the outlet. but shall not include: 1) Any portion of the service piping.A self-contained appliance complete with grilles or equivalent. GAS PIPING . and furnishing heated air circulated by gravity or by a fan directly into the space to be heated through openings in the casing. either taking air for combustion from the space to be heated. 2) Upflow-type Central Furnace . Listed gas hose connectors shall be used in accordance with the terms of their listings.A furnace designed to be installed upflow. 4) Multi Position Furnace .Any installation of pipe. 2) Any approved piping connection 6 feet (1.A furnace designed for low headroom installations with air flow through the appliance in a horizontal path. 3) Downflow-type Central Furnace . valves or fittings used to convey fuel gas. 15 . discharging air at or near the bottom of the furnace. GAS HOSE . designed for incorporation in or permanent attachment to a wall. discharging air at or near the top of the furnace. ceiling. downflow and horizontal.A furnace designed with air flow essentially in a vertical path. RECESSED FURNACE .

shutting off. dust and combustible material. MAIN BURNER .A manually operated solid fuel ignition appliance for installation in a vented solid fuel burning fireplace. and when all the necessary corrections have been applied. 16 . and on which combustion takes place to accomplish the function for which the appliance is designed.A valve which controls the gas supply to an individual main burner.Appliance or material included in a list published by a nationally recognized testing laboratory. HUD .A valve which controls the gas supply to the main burner manifold. LEAK LIMITER .The number of British Thermal Units produced by the combustion at constant pressure of one cubic foot of gas when the products of combustion are cooled to the initial temperature of the gas and air. inspecting agency or other which specifies approval. LISTED . HEATING VALUE (TOTAL) .HAZARDOUS LOCATION . when the water vapor formed during combustion is condensed. LIMIT CONTROL . INDIVIDUAL MAIN BURNER VALVE . or throttling the gas supply to an appliance. LOG LIGHTER .A device limiting the escape of gas from the regulator vent opening in the event of diaphragm failure. MAIN BURNER CONTROL VALVE .A device responsive to changes in pressure or temperature or liquid level for turning on.Any location considered to be a fire hazard for flammable vapors.A device or group of devices essentially forming an integral unit for the final conveyance of gas or a mixture of gas and air to the combustion zone.Housing and Urban Development.

One thousandth of an ampere. Mixer Tube: That portion of the mixer which lies between the throat and the burner head.An instrument installed to measure the volume of gas being delivered. which primary air flows to mix with the gas stream. MIXER . except to pilot or pilots which are provided with independent shut-off valves.A device installed in and made a part of the vent which will provide a positive induced draft. MANUAL MAIN SHUT-OFF VALVE . b. Mixer Head: That portion of an injection (Bunsen) type burner. a. mixer throat and mixer tube.Instrument for measuring gas pressure. c. Mixer Throat: That portion of the mixer which has the smallest cross-sectional area and lies between the mixer head and the mixer tube.One millionth of an ampere.A manually operated valve in the gas line for the purpose of completely turning on or shutting off the gas supply to the appliance. MILLIVOLT . MICROAMPERE . MILLIAMPERE . usually enlarged.The conduit of an appliance which supplies gas to the individual burners. 17 .The combination of mixer head.One thousandth of a volt.Air being provided to replace air being exhausted. METER .MAKE-UP AIR . MANIFOLD . MANOMETER . MECHANICAL DRAFT SYSTEM .

Medium pressure . A building or portion of a building having an assembly room with an occupant load of 300 or more without a legitimate stage. or a portion thereof. A building or portion of a building having an assembly room with an occupant load of less than 1. education or instruction.1.Group A occupancies include the use of a building or structure. Specific and general requirements for grandstands. food or drink consumption. or awaiting transportation. A building or portion of a building having an assembly room with an occupant load of 1. for the gathering together of 50 or more persons for purposes such as civic.MP . including such buildings used for educational purposes and not classed as a Group B or E Occupancy. 5) Division 4. recreation.60 psi. OCCUPANCY a. including such buildings used for educational purposes and not classed as a Group B or E Occupancy.1. Stadium. A room or space used for assembly purposes by less than 50 persons and accessory to another occupancy shall be included as part of that major occupancy. 3) Division 2. reviewing stands and amusement park structure not included within other Group A occupancies. A building or portion or a building having an assembly room with an occupant load of less than 300 without a legitimate stage. GROUP “A” .000 and a legitimate stage.000 or more and a legitimate stage. 4) Division 3. social or religious functions. 18 . 2) Division 2. Assembly occupancies shall include the following: 1) Division 1.5 psi .

Health-care centers for ambulatory patients receiving outpatient medical care which may render the patient incapable of unassisted self-preservation (each tenant space accommodating more than five such patients). Any building used for educational purposes through the 12th grade by 50 or more persons for more than 12 hours per week or four hours in any one day. Division 2. Any building or portion thereof used for daycare purposes for more than six persons 2) 3) c. Group E Occupancies 1) Division 1. Any building used for educational purposes through the 12th grade by less than 50 persons for more than 12 hours per week or four hours in any one day. b. sanitariums. Group I Occupancies 1) Division 1. Nursing homes for ambulatory patients and homes for children six years of age or over (each accommodating more than five patients or children). Exception: Amusement buildings or portions thereof which are without walls or a roof and constructed to prevent the accumulation of smoke in assembly area.1. Division 3. nursing homes with non ambulatory patients and similar buildings (each accommodating more than five patients). 2) 3) 19 . Hospitals.2. Division 1. Nurseries for the full-time care of children under the age of six (each accommodating more than five children). Division 2.bleachers and reviewing stands are to be found in Chapter 10 of the Building Code.

A small flame which is utilized to ignite the gas at the main burner or burners. ODS .Oxygen Depletion Safety Shut-Off . PLENUM . ORIFICE SPUD .A system designed to act to shut off the gas supply to the main and pilot burners if the oxygen in the surrounding atmosphere is reduced below a predetermined level.4) Division 3. Mental hospitals.The opening in a cap. jails. ORIFICE .A removable plug or cap containing an orifice which permits adjustment of gas flow either by substitution of a spud with a different sized orifice or by the motion of a needle with respect to it. areas above a ceiling or below a floor.Several single thermocouples in a series to produce sufficient current required for the operation of a complete control system. reformatories and buildings where personal liberties of inmates are similarly restrained. PILOT GENERATOR . mental sanitariums.An air compartment or chamber including uninhabited crawl spaces. OFFSET . primarily use to pipe for potable water systems. ORIFICE CAP (HOOD) .Combination of approved bends making two changes in direction bringing one section of the vent out of line but into a line parallel with the other section. prisons. PB .Polybutylene. spud or other device whereby the flow of gas is limited and through which the gas is discharged to the burner. including air 20 .A movable fitting having an orifice which permits adjustment of the flow of gas by the changing of its position with respect to a fixed needle or other device. PILOT .

gas-burning. gas or a mixture of gas and air. airheating appliance intended for installation in the space being heated and not intended for duct connection.A device installed in and made a part of the vent which will provide a positive induced draft. QUICK DISCONNECT DEVICE . vented. This definition shall not include unit heaters. PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICE . or attic spaces. PRESSURE DROP . 21 . central heating gas appliances or garage heaters. POWER EXHAUSTER . RELIEF OPENING .To free a gas conduit of air.A device for controlling and maintaining a uniform gas supply pressure. back draft. fittings or regulators. return-air or exhaust-air system other than the occupied space being conditioned.spaces below raised floors of computer/data processing centers. REGULATOR . and to permit dilution air into the draft hood in the event of a strong chimney updraft.A self-contained.A pressure-actuated valve or rupture member designed to automatically relieve excessive pressure. to which one or more ducts are connected and which forms part of either the supply-air. or stoppage beyond the draft hood.A hand-operated device which provides a means for connecting and disconnecting an appliance or an appliance connector to a gas supply which is equipped with an automatic means to shut off the gas supply when the device is disconnected.The loss in pressure due to friction.The opening provided in a draft hood to permit the ready escape to the atmosphere of the flue products from the draft hood in the event of no draft. valves. PURGE . ROOM HEATER .

specific gravity is the ratio of the weight of a given volume to that of the same volume of air. THERMOCOUPLE . of dissimilar metals.A temperature and pressure-actuated valve or rupture member designed to automatically relieve excessive temperature or pressure.As applied to gas. or burners in order to maintain temperatures between predetermined limits.A valve used in piping to control the gas supply to any section of a piping system or to an appliance. both measured under the same conditions. SERVICE PIPING .A room or space having a volume equal to at least 50 cubic feet per 1000 Btu/h of the aggregate input rating 22 . UNCONFINED SPACE .000 Btu. designed to control the gas supply to a burner. When the hot junction or end of thermocouple is placed in a gas flame an electrical current is generated simply by the application of heat to the junction of the two metals.The air externally supplied to the flame at the point of combustion. TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE RELIEF DEVICE .A gas conduit having semi-flexible metal wall structure.Two wires. welded at one end to form the hot junction.The pipe which brings the gas from the main to the meter.SECONDARY AIR . SPECIFIC GRAVITY . THERMOSTAT . The amount of current produced is basically dependent upon two factors. SHUT-OFF VALVE . the type of metal used and the difference in temperature between the hot and cold junctions. THERM .A quantity of heat equal to 100.An automatic device actuated by temperature changes. SEMI-RIGID TUBING .

Caulking or sealants are applied to areas such as joints around window and door frames. VENT .of all fuel-burning appliances installed in that space. Rooms communicating directly with the space in which the appliances are installed. Type “B” Gas Vents: Factory-made gas vents listed by a nationally recognized testing agency for use with appliances with draft hoods and other Category I appliances. and b. Vent requires 1" clearance from combustibles. 23 . between wall-ceiling joints. between wall panels and at penetrations for plumbing. Type “A” Gas Vents: See Chimney. UNIT HEATERS .A heating appliance designed for nonresidential space heating and equipped with an integral means for circulation of air. Weather-stripping on openable windows and doors. VENTS a. Type “A”. between sole plates and floors. and c. UNUSUALLY TIGHT CONSTRUCTION . through openings not furnished with doors.A listed factory-made vent pipe and vent fittings for conveying flue gases to the outside atmosphere that extends in a generally vertical direction. are considered a part of the unconfined space. b. Walls and ceilings exposed to the outside atmosphere have a continuous water vapor retarder with a rating of one perm or less with any openings gasketed or sealed. electrical and gas lines and at other openings.Construction where: a.

VENT CONNECTOR . d. VENTED APPLIANCE CATEGORIES a.An appliance which operates with a non positive vent pressure and with a vent gas temperature that avoids excessive condensate production in the vent. Category II . 24 . clearances and installation shall be in accordance with the listing and the manufacturer’s installation instructions.The gas vent or chimney and vent connector. VENT SYSTEM . Type “B-W” Gas Vents: Factory-made gas vents listed by a nationally recognized testing agency for venting listed or approved gas-fired vented recessed wall heaters. assembled to form a continuous open passageway from the gas appliance to the outside atmosphere for the purpose of removing flue gases. Listed Single Wall Gas Vents: When listed single wall vent material is used. if used.c. f. VENT COLLAR .That portion of an appliance designed for the attachment of the draft hood or vent connector. e.That portion of the vent system which connects the gas appliance to the gas vent or chimney.An appliance which operates with a non positive vent pressure and with a vent gas temperature that is capable of causing excessive condensate production in the vent. Type “L” Gas Vents: A venting system consisting of listed vent piping and fittings for use with oil-burning appliances listed for use with Type L or with listed gas appliances. Type “C” Gas Vents: Unlisted single wall vent constructed of iron or aluminum that has not been tested by a testing agency and requires a minimum of 6" clearance from combustibles. b. Category I .

c. 25 .An appliance which operates with a positive vent pressure and with a vent gas temperature that is capable of causing excessive condensate production in the vent. Automatic Instantaneous: The type which heats the water as it is drawn. b. Category III .An appliance which operates with a positive vent pressure and with a vent gas temperature that avoids excessive condensate production in the vent. Category IV . c.Enough air to ventilate appliances to within safe operating temperature. gas to the main burner being controlled by a thermostat. Automatic Storage: The type which combines a water heating element and water storage tank. WATER HEATER a. VENTILATION AIR . Circulating or Tank: Manually controlled type usually connected to the ordinary hot water tank. d.

meter protection will be required at the customer’s expense.Meter/Riser locations not requiring protection are preferred. Meters should not be set under roof valleys or other places where excessive amounts of water. Remote meter sets are discouraged. METER/RISER PROTECTION . METER LOCATIONS: Questar Gas Company determines the location of its meters. 26 . dock areas. alleyways. Meters will be placed where they will be easily accessible. Ice and snow protection is required. Meters are to be located in ventilated spaces accessible for examination. replacement and maintenance. snow or ice would drip from the roof onto the meter set and freeze. reading. Locations of specific concern are described as follows: service line risers on the driveway side of a structure where there is not at least 5 feet from the driveway to the building. will be installed immediately adjacent to and in the same room where the gas service line enters the building.SECTION III GAS PIPING INSTALLATION 1. Meters. garage areas. Questar Gas recommends the service line riser. parking lots. not exposed to extreme heat sources and located at least 3 feet from any ignition source. 2. when set inside. meter and regulator should be located 3 feet away from any permanent air intake into the building. proximity to roadways. Meters should be set outside for easy accessibility and service. If a customer insists on a location where damage to the meter is likely. and any other areas where vehicle accessibility would warrant a barrier.

Page 28) Gas piping at multiple meter installations shall be plainly marked by a metal tag or other permanent means attached to the pipe by the installing agency. designating the building or the part of the building being supplied. Apartments should be permanently and clearly marked before meters will be set. (See Figure 1. they should be spaced not less than 10 inches nor more than 12 inches apart for each additional meter location and the fuel lines should extend 3 inches through the foundation. SERVICE CONNECTIONS: All house piping should be extended to a point 14 inches on the right-hand side of the location provided for the gas service line and 30 inches above ground level.3. METER SET FIGURE 1 27 . For multiple meter installations where two or more house lines terminate at a multiple meter set. Page 27 and Figure 2.

MULTIPLE METER SET FIGURE 2 For commercial meter spread refer to Table I. COMMERCIAL METER SPREAD 4 ounces . meter and fuel line.000 CFH. For detailed information.5 pounds Any set larger than 10. CONSUMPTION METER SPREAD PAD SIZE 600 .000 CFH over 1. 28 .10. contact Pre-construction Department.1.000 3 feet CFH 5 feet 2' x 3' 3' x 4' TABLE I For large commercial or industrial installations consult Questar Gas Company for location of the service line. contact Questar Gas for proper sizing.000 .

GAS PIPING MATERIALS: These recommendations apply to all gas piping run on the customer’s side of the meter. 5. PIPING PLAN: It is recommended before proceeding with the installation of a gas piping system a piping sketch or plan be prepared showing the proposed location of the piping as well as the pipe size of different branches. and shall be wrapped or coated to a point at least 6 inches above grade or protected in an approved manner. For ferrous gas piping underground installation see Page 32. have a space of 10 inches from the bottom of the service valve and grade. All plastic pipe and fittings must conform to ASTM D2513 ( 60 psi and above high density pipe approved 3408). inside and above ground piping shall be standard weight iron or steel (galvanized or black). When a riser 29 . PLASTIC PIPING MATERIAL: Plastic polyethylene pipe materials and compression couplings must be approved for natural gas applications and must be installed underground. Tracer wire shall not come in contact with plastic piping. If a piping plan is provided. 6. Copper pipe or tubing shall not be installed in any piping for gas. Plastic pipe must be joined by individuals qualified in the heat fusion method of connecting pipe and fittings or approved mechanical fittings. Questar Gas Company will be glad to review it without charge or obligation. shall be metallic. Adequate consideration should be given to future demands and provisions made for added gas service. Risers and prefabricated risers inserted with plastic pipe shall conform to ASTM D2513.4. malleable iron fittings and approved shutoff valves or corrugated stainless steel tubing system. A minimum number 18 insulated yellow copper tracer wire shall be installed with underground nonmetallic gas piping and shall terminate above grade at each end. Since gas piping will form a permanent part of the building.

Refer to Figure 3. It is recommended an anodeless riser be used.S.) shall be installed a minimum of 8 inches below grade.): Approved corrugated stainless steel tubing may be used for gas piping provided it is part of a system where tubing and fittings have been tested and listed for such gas piping system. For sizing a CSST system. grilles. free from internal obstruction and burred ends reamed to the full bore of the pipe. All pipe shall be either new or be in good condition. adapter or heat fusion. 30 . etc. If anode-type riser is used. etc.T. 7. WORKMANSHIP AND DEFECTS: Gas piping shall be gastight and built along lines which are unlikely to cause physical injury to inhabitants or weakness in the building structure. Plastic pipe used underground for customer fuel lines must be approved polyethylene material and be buried a minimum of 12 inches. 8. The bonding requirements are intended to reduce the chances of damage to the CSST from lighting induced electric energy. Questar Gas will require that a manufacturerapproved termination plate will be installed anytime that CSST passes through a wall.connects underground to plastic pipe. Installer shall be certified by the manufacturer’s representative.S. floor. Individual gas lines (metallic or plastic) to single outside appliance (outside lights. PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) is not approved for piping systems in Questar Gas’s service area. CORRUGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING (C. the underground horizontal metallic portion of the riser shall extend at least 12 inches before connecting to the plastic pipe by means of an approved transition fitting. use the manufacturer’s installation instruction sizing charts or the IFGC CSST tables. All new installation of CSST piping systems are now required to be bonded to the electrical service grounding electrode system at the point where the gas service enters the building. provided such installation is approved and installed in locations not susceptible to physical damage. It shall not be used inside buildings or above ground. System shall be installed as per manufacturer’s installation instructions and local codes. a properly sized anode shall be installed. partition. adequate for use with natural gas.

9. fitting or threaded joint having been located shall be removed and replaced with sound material. This requirement is intended to lessen the possibility of gas leakage entering a builidng through a foundation wall penetration. ventilating duct. Gas piping downstream of the point of delivery is no longer allowed to enter or exit a building at a point below grade. clothes chute. 10. dumbwaiter or elevator shaft. LP GAS: When changing from LP gas to natural gas. Fuel lines extending through a foundation wall. Gas piping may be installed in accessible above-ceiling spaces. the supply line from the LP gas tank must be disconnected and plugged before natural gas will be turned into the building. Location Limitations: Gas piping inside any building shall not be run in or through an air duct. above ground. shall be threaded joints. INSTALLATION OF GAS PIPING: All joints in an iron piping system. The defective pipe.In no case is it acceptable to repair defects in pipe or fittings. shall have protective coating. wrap or sleeve. having approved standard threads. unless welded. Threaded joints shall be made up with approved pipe thread compound or teflon tape on male threads only. Refer to IFGC 405. Piping installed downstream of the point of delivery shall not extend through any townhouse unit other than the unit served by such piping.1.2 for field bend requirements. Refer to IFGC 404. factory bends or field bends. Changes in direction of gas pipe shall be made by the use of fittings. chimney or vent. All rigid gas piping shall be adequately supported by metal straps or hooks at intervals not to exceed those listed: 31 .

Underground distribution and fuel lines (metallic or plastic) shall have a clearance of 3 feet when running parallel or 12 32 . Underground ferrous gas piping shall be electrically isolated from the rest of the gas system with listed or approved isolation fittings installed a minimum of 6 inches above grade. machine applied. Ferrous gas piping installed underground in exterior locations shall be protected from corrosion by approved coatings. Gas piping shall be 3 1/2” above grade or roof surface. All gas pipe protective coatings shall be approved types. It is recommended existing underground ferrous gas piping be cathodically protected or replaced with approved plastic gas piping and anodeless risers. Field primer and wrapping shall provide equivalent protection and is restricted to those short sections and fittings necessarily stripped for threading or welding.1/2" 3/4" or 1" 1 1/4" or larger (horizontal) 1 1/4" or larger (vertical) TABLE II 6 feet 8 feet 10 feet every floor level Gas piping exposed in exterior locations shall be protected from corrosion and physical damage. At the time of installation all horizontal metallic piping shall have at least 12 inches of earth cover or other equivalent protection. and conform to recognized standards. Zinc coatings (galvanizing) shall not be deemed adequate protection for piping below ground. New installations of underground ferrous gas piping shall be cathodically protected.

Bushings shall not be utilized in the fuel line before the appliance shut-off valve. flex connectors. 11. Valves are prohibited in concealed locations and furnace plenums. electric. NOTE: Underground piping shall not be covered or concealed until inspected by the Administrative Authority. Such valve shall be permanently identified and shall serve no other equipment. EXCEPTION: Unless installed under the joint trenching agreement. etc. FITTINGS AND DEVICES: Unions. shut-off valves. SHUT-OFF VALVES: Valves used in connection with gas piping shall be approved types. Shut-off valves shall be located to provide for ready access of operation and installed in a location where it will not be damaged. CONCEALED PIPING. regulators. An accessible approved shutoff valve shall be installed in the fuel supply piping outside of each appliance and ahead of the union or connector within 6 feet of the appliance and in the same room. 12. An approved shut-off valve shall be installed upstream of the MP regulator. gas hoses and automatic valves shall not be concealed. EXCEPTION: When approved by the authority having jurisdiction. Installation of valves under appliances. sewer. should be installed in such a manner where the appliance can be removed without removal of the valve. 33 . shut-off valves for listed. vented decorative appliances may be accessibly located in an area remote from the appliance.). such as wall heaters and fireplaces.inch vertical direction when crossing from any underground facility (water. appliance shutoff valves are now permitted to be located within 50 feet of the appliance on a remote manifold such as used with a CSST parallel piping system. In addition.

Questar Gas Company will install and maintain necessary service line valves on its service pipes for shutting off the supply of gas to the customer’s premises. PRESSURE TESTING: Before the piping system is put in service and considered satisfactory. arranged so the gas supply can be turned on or off to any individual or separate building. NOTE: This is a minimum pressure test. the piping shall be tested with a minimum air pressure of 3 psig. The range of the gauge shall not be greater than five times the test pressure. the customer or installer must make necessary repairs and the appropriate gas piping shall be retested. 34 . Shut-off valves on multiple unit fuel lines from a master meter shall be installed to isolate the gas service to each unit. Such shut-off valve shall be located outside the building it supplies and shall be readily accessible. the installer shall make all necessary tests and checks. and shall hold this pressure for 10 minutes with no drop. Where extensions are made to existing house piping through which gas is being used. 13. Gas piping supplying more than one building on any one premises shall be equipped with separate shut-off valves to each building.Gas outlets for a barbecue shall have a shut-off valve outside the building and connected to the rigid gas piping. Piping carrying gas at pressures in excess of 2 psig pressure shall be tested at 1 ½ times the proposed maximum working pressure. Each shut-off valve shall be marked for identification and be accessible to the tenant. If a drop in pressure occurs while gas piping is under air pressure.

) Before meter spot test. Test times for various meter dials are indicated on Table III. cap or plug unused outlets. all appliances to remain off. apply meter spot test for leakage. Dial Styles Cubic Feet Manometer Test 1/4 1/2 1 2 5 10 Test Time/Minutes 5 5 5 7 10 20 30 TABLE III 35 . If movement on test dial continues.14. Observe if meter test dial has stopped. (If an appliance is equipped with an ‘A’ valve and a pilot ‘B’ valve. Begin test with the test hand on the upstroke. Turn each appliance shut-off valve to the on position and turn appliance control valve to the off position. METER SPOT TEST: Where no changes are made in the house piping the following procedures may be used: Connect all appliances to gas piping system. Watch the test dial of the meter to see if gas is passing through the meter. When all connections are completed. If test dial stops. shut both off and spot test meter to this point. slowly release gas into piping. shut off all gas at the meter service line valve and find where consumption is going.

Z.24 (approved single wall flex connector). 15. floors. Examples of approved flexible connectors: Z.45 (other than all metal connector) and AGA 3-87 (approved outdoor flex connector. partitions or ceilings. bleed air from piping and place appliance in the proper operating condition. Movable appliances equipped with casters shall be equipped with approved flexible connector (Z. Appliance connections shall have a diameter not less than the inlet connection to the appliance as provided by the manufacturer.movable appliances) and tether line for that use.) Flexible connectors shall have an overall length not to exceed 6 feet. APPLIANCE CONNECTORS: Each appliance shall be connected with a ground joint union or an approved flexible connector. sleeve or other means of protection is installed in accordance with the listing of the appliance. Flexible connectors shall not be concealed within or extended through walls. Connectors shall be of adequate size to provide the total demand of the connected appliance.21. Flexible connectors are permitted to extend through an appliance housing where the connector is protected by means of a factory equipped grommet.After meter spot test determines there are no leaks. NOTE: When bleeding air from piping ensure there is no source of ignition and area is well ventilated. 36 .69 . EXCEPTION: Fireplace inserts may have flexible connector run through the appliance housing as long as a factory equipped grommet.21.21.

Example: 100. To obtain the cubic-feet-per-hour of gas required.000 Btu/h rated furnace installed in an area with 890 Btu per cubic foot. Pages 87-90 or consult Questar Gas Company for the average Btu per cubic foot if it is not known. REQUIRED GAS SUPPLY: Gas piping shall be sized by CFH. divide the input of appliances by the average Btu heating value per cubic foot of the gas. See Table X. 100.Appliances may be connected to the fuel gas piping by means of an approved listed quick-disconnect device with an approved shut-off valve connected to the rigid gas piping. 16.000 = 112 CFH 890 FIGURE 3 CSST BONDING 37 .

The maximum design operating pressure for piping systems located inside buildings shall not exceed 5 psig except where one or more conditions in IFGC 402. The minimum size of piping outlet at the gas supply or meter connection shall be threequarters (3/4) inch. (e) Starting at the most remote outlet. See Required Gas Supply Page 37. or the next longer distance if the table does not give the exact length. Paragraph 16 to calculate demand. select the distance. find the horizontal line 38 . requires a 3/4” minimum pipe size through the wall for meter set support. When an additional appliance is to be served through present gas piping. capacity of the existing piping shall be properly sized and replaced with larger piping if necessary. Questar Gas Co. proceed as follows: (a) Calculate the gas demand in cubic feet per hour of the appliance to be attached to each outlet.6 (1-4) are met. a 1-inch minimum pipe size is recommended to allow for future appliance load. Page 41. To determine the size of any section of pipe in a system. (d) Use this horizontal line to locate all gas demand figures for this particular system of piping. All welded joints in the piping system shall be welded by a qualified pipeline welder. (b) Measure the length of pipe from the meter to the most remote outlet.17. (c) In Table IV. REQUIRED GAS PIPING SIZE: When installing a main fuel supply line to a water heater and furnace location.

choose the next larger figure in the horizontal line.). determine the gas demand for the outlet. For each section of piping. determine the total gas demand by that section as follows (using an assumed gas content of 890 Btu/Cu. EXAMPLE OF SIZING A HOUSE PIPING SYSTEM FIGURE 4 SOLUTION AND EXAMPLE: (Rated Input/890 Btu/Cfh) (1) Maximum demand for outlet “A” 34 CFH Maximum demand for outlet “B” 28 CFH Maximum demand for outlet “C” 84 CFH Maximum demand for outlet “D” 153 CFH Total Demand 299 CFH 39 . Ft.just selected. If the exact figure of demand is not shown. (f) Above the demand figure will be the correct size of gas piping. (g) Proceed in a similar manner for each outlet and each section of gas piping.

Section 3 supplying outlets “A”. Section 1 supplying outlets “A” and “B”.800 28. Outlet “C” supplying 84 cubic feet an hour requires 3/4-inch pipe. THIS IS THE ONLY DISTANCE USED.400 3 4. (3) Using horizontal line marked 60 feet: 1/2 60 66 3/4 1 1 1/4 530 1 1/2 810 2 1. 62 cubic feet an hour requires 1/2-inch pipe. “C”.520 2 1/2 2. “B”.300 4 6 138 260 8. Outlet “B” supplying 28 cubic feet an hour requires 1/2-inch pipe.400 Outlet “A” supplying 34 cubic feet an hour requires 1/2-inch pipe. 40 . and “D”.(2) The length of pipe from the gas meter to the most remote outlet (Outlet “A”) is 60 feet. 299 cubic feet an hour requires 1 1/4-inch pipe. and “C”. Outlet “D” supplying 153 cubic feet an hour requires 1-inch pipe. “B”. Section 2 supplying outlets “A”. 146 cubic feet an hour requires 1-inch pipe.

150 985 873 791 728 677 635 600 532 482 443 412 366 331 305 283 266 251 239 228 4.450 3.950 1.700 23.300 31.190 8.240 1.680 5.6 Specific Gravity Gas) CAPACITIES BASED ON NUMBERS FROM IFGC STA AR PRE RE ND D SSU PIPE SIZE (inch) N ina om l A ID ctual L ength (ft) 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 125 150 175 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 172 118 95 81 72 65 60 56 52 50 44 40 37 34 30 27 25 23 22 21 20 19 360 247 199 170 151 137 126 117 110 104 92 83 77 71 63 57 53 49 46 43 41 39 678 466 374 320 284 257 237 220 207 195 173 157 144 134 119 108 99 92 86 82 78 74 957 768 657 583 528 486 452 424 400 355 322 296 275 244 221 203 189 177 168 159 152 1/2 0.430 2.680 1.000 10.380 T LEIV AB 41 .760 8.300 1.600 12.660 8.400 3.300 25.400 13.900 28.630 6.880 9.640 2.900 10.000 20.260 7.160 1.740 7.065 Capacity in Cubic Feet of Gas Per H our 1.026 5 5.640 5.500 17.100 15.700 9.800 28.680 2.910 4.780 2.760 2.600 46.630 1.020 2.260 2.900 12.610 2 2.950 3.120 1.600 23.600 9.090 1.6 22 3/4 0.020 2.560 4.020 935 870 816 771 732 699 11.360 1.400 11.MAXIMUM CAPACITY OF PIPE IN CUBIC FEET OF GAS PER HOUR -4 OUNCES(Inlet Pressure less than 2 PSI and a Pressure Drop of 0.670 3.140 2.047 6 6.980 1.650 8.900 1.620 8.520 1.780 6.290 1.600 19.530 3.080 1.520 41.490 7.330 5.540 1.670 3.050 7.890 2.700 17.740 4.390 2.380 1 1/2 1.150 7.240 23.360 1.410 2.940 2.067 2 1/2 2.480 1.250 5.800 1.500 37.030 4.000 19.700 12.469 3 3.430 1.600 13.050 3.200 15.880 8.800 14.440 1.290 3.840 1.650 1.400 4.320 6.700 10.068 4 4.560 67.220 1.020 928 854 794 704 638 587 546 512 484 459 438 6.500 15.5 Inch Water Column and 0.330 4.600 22.030 6.230 2.220 1.100 5.049 11/4 1.400 1.350 4.300 7.370 3.890 5.900 9.610 2.824 1 1.270 1.780 4.600 14.

400 8.930 3.920 92.500 16.140 2.900 18.610 3.530 6.700 13.180 5.510 1.000 12.660 4.300 19.700 4.400 15.270 1.622 ¾ 0.** E A PR UR LEV TED ESS E PIPE SIZ (inch) E Nom inal Ac ID tual L ength (ft) 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 125 150 175 200 250 300 ½ 0.900 35.100 30. T LEV AB 42 .760 1.100 9.300 26.500 11.010 934 836 751 695 642 583 528 5.780 2.490 2.600 46.910 3.700 5.500 22.410 2.560 3.040 945 11.610 2 2.900 21.824 1 1.400 41.400 13.650 6.500 14.000 10.170 1.000 11.100 12.100 1.800 NOTE: For borderline capacities that might exceedtable figures .070 6.100 9.110 4.970 1.consult local Questar Gas office.880 8.980 6.520 1.500 21.500 37.320 4.130 7.960 6.500 25.150 1.710 1.850 8.820 2.600 17.060 8.270 2.370 1.040 2.050 5.140 1.100 9.800 30.470 6.MAXIMUM CAPACITY OF PIPE IN CUBIC FEET OF GAS PER HOUR -2 psig(Inlet Pressure 2 PSI) **Table based on a 1.150 1.900 28.400 19.068 C apacityin C Feet of Gas Per Hour ubic 1.000 16.100 32.900 23.380 1½ 1.510 3.200 19.360 1.210 2.240 1.940 17.100 14.220 3.080 1.210 2.070 869 753 673 615 569 532 502 462 414 372 344 318 279 253 3.600 17.550 7.049 1¼ 1.910 32.500 12.600 53.067 2½ 2.500 37.850 1.600 52.530 1.040 3.300 23.601 2.260 4.590 5.810 3.800 65.710 5.469 3 3.700 11.0 PSI pressure drop.

874 4.021 1.732 1.620 1.240 40.098 709 650 567 510 420 407 366 302 263 236 217 1.931 1.624 4.478 1.834 10.228 1.297 2.886 1.092 995 8.320 5.580 23.972 8.418 1.730 1.060 945 860 5.689 6.526 10.600 3.295 5.181 1.090 8.616 1.378 10.311 1.986 1.983 *EHD = Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter 13-15 = 3/8” 18-19 = ½” 23-25=3/4” 30-31=1” 37=1 ¼” 46=1 ½” 62=2” TABLE VI CORREGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING (CSST) Natural Gas 13 Length (ft) 10 25 30 40 50 75 80 100 150 200 250 300 523 322 292 251 223 180 174 154 124 107 95 86 674 420 382 329 293 238 230 205 166 143 128 116 1.304 827 755 654 586 479 463 415 339 294 263 240 1.553 3.486 2.066 1.530 1.225 3.530 6.0 psi) TUBE SIZE (EDH*) 19 23 25 30 (Pressure Drop: 1.207 1.353 25.418 2.362 3.509 4.157 1.720 21.639 1.031 920 748 645 576 525 4.869 1.475 1.084 691 632 549 492 403 391 350 287 249 223 204 15 18 (Pressure: 5 psi) TUBE SIZE (EDH*) 19 23 25 30 (Pressure Drop: 3.599 6.311 4.637 13.923 3.111 1.995 1.372 876 801 696 624 512 496 445 364 317 284 260 2.705 2.016 2.646 4.224 1.135 7.284 1.228 2.744 1.0 psi) 31 37 46 62 MAXIMUM CAPACITY in Cubic Feet Per Hour 700 444 405 351 314 257 249 222 182 157 141 129 1.809 14.752 1.289 1.119 14.786 2.489 9.377 8.442 2.470 1.763 4.543 3.791 3.715 7.CORREGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING (CSST) Natural Gas 13 Length (ft) 10 25 30 40 50 75 80 100 150 200 250 300 270 166 151 129 115 93 89 79 64 55 49 44 353 220 200 172 154 124 120 107 87 75 67 61 587 374 342 297 266 218 211 189 155 135 121 110 15 18 (Pressure: 2.361 20.887 2.694 1.221 1.015 6.659 3.592 1.977 3.151 944 915 820 672 584 524 479 4.246 18.273 1.061 1.112 3.860 4.855 9.031 926 763 740 665 548 478 430 394 2.255 3.803 2.471 1.509 2.077 2.881 5.715 12.692 1.355 2.467 3.430 *EHD = Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter 13-15 = 3/8” 18-19 = ½” 23-25=3/4” 30-31=1” 37=1 ¼” 46=1 ½” 62=2” TABLE VI (continued) 43 .940 7.511 1.585 18.135 922 892 795 646 557 497 453 2.341 12.642 2.041 5.5 psi) 31 37 46 62 MAXIMUM CAPACITY in Cubic Feet Per Hour 1.080 11.049 941 862 9.955 1.997 2.

3 65 95 8 77 8 67 2 59 9 54 6 47 1 42 1 38 3 35 5 33 1 31 1 29 5 24 0 20 7 2.6 12 * E H D = E qu iv alent H y d rau lic D iam eter 13 -15 = 3 /8 ” 1 8-1 9 = ½” 2 3 -2 5 =3 /4 ” 3 0 -3 1 =1 ” 3 7= 1 ¼ ” 4 6 =1 ½ ” 6 2 =2 ” TA BL E V I (continued) 44 .C.) 31 37 46 62 M AXIM UM CAPA CIT Y i n C ub ic Feet Per Ho ur 3 27 2 31 1 89 1 64 1 47 1 34 1 16 1 04 95 88 82 77 73 60 52 52 9 38 0 31 3 27 3 24 5 22 5 19 6 17 6 16 1 15 0 14 1 13 3 12 6 10 4 91 6 49 4 62 3 79 3 29 2 95 2 70 2 34 2 10 1 92 1 78 1 67 1 57 1 49 1 22 1 06 1 .9 34 2 .7 17 2 .0 69 4 .1 56 5 .1 82 82 8 67 3 58 0 51 8 47 1 40 7 36 3 33 0 30 6 28 5 26 8 25 4 20 6 17 8 1 .9 63 1.1 66 1.2 76 1 .1 97 1.8 48 5 .2 13 2 . 09 0 9 78 8 95 7 78 6 98 6 39 5 93 5 55 5 24 4 98 4 09 3 55 4.C.5 90 3 .3 83 1.5 48 1.) T U B E SIZ E (E D H * ) 15 18 19 23 25 30 (Pressure D rop: 3.0 27 97 4 79 3 68 6 1 0.1 03 7 .8 60 1 .0 inch W .5 43 2 .1 42 3 .1 99 2.5 41 2.2 61 1. 53 8 1.7 90 1.5 36 4 .0 90 1. 14 1 1.3 98 2 . 25 4 1.4 28 3.COR RE GA TE D S T AIN LE S S ST E EL TU BING (CS ST) N atural G as 13 Len gth (ft) 5 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 10 0 15 0 20 0 1 20 83 67 57 51 46 39 35 32 29 27 26 24 19 17 16 0 11 2 90 78 69 63 54 48 44 41 38 36 34 27 23 2 77 1 97 1 61 1 40 1 25 1 15 1 00 89 82 76 71 67 63 52 45 (P res sure: 7 – 8 inches W .

A. **600 O. Pipe Size 3/8” & ½” ½” ¾” & 1” 1 ¼” & 1 ½” ½” ¾” ½” Capacity 250 CFH 425 CFH 550 CFH 1. (1/2” &3/4”) OPD600 – Maxitrol 325-5ALX reg. OPD47 – Maxitrol 325-3LX reg.000 CFH 250 CFH 550 CFH 250 CFH Leak Limiter 12A09 12A39 12A39 Vent “O” 3-18 “O” 6-38 #F To conform to the ANSI Z21-80 standard for line pressure regulators.R. (1/2”) OPD48 – Maxitrol 325-5ALX reg. (1 ¼” & 1 ½”) 45 . The OPD will limit the downstream pressure to 2-psi maximum in the event of line regulator failure.18 & Z21.R. intended for application in natural gas systems. Z21.80 TABLE VI (continued) Z21. “FAGAS F-BH 2 *Z21.80 only **Z21. (3/4” & 1”) OPD210 – Maxitrol 325-7L reg.80 the ANSI standard for line pressure regulators.CORREGATED STAINLESS STEEL TUBING (CSST) Regulator **Maxitrol 325-3LX **Maxitrol 325-5ALX **Maxitrol 325-5ALX **Maxitrol 325-7L **300 O. (3/8” &1/2”) OPD48 – Maxitrol 325-3LX reg.18 the ANSI standard for appliance regulators. installations exceeding 2 psi (up to and including 5 psi) require a tested and approved over-protection device (OPD) for use with the regulator.A. intended for application in natural gas systems.A.A.

Refer to manufacturer’s installation instructions when required. Gas appliances installed in an attic. National Board of Fire Underwriters publications. where required. and local requirements. controls. U. the lubrication of moving parts. and vent connectors. The access opening and passageway shall be large enough for removal of the largest piece of equipment installed in the space.G. and the adjustment and cleaning of burners and pilots. The same working space shall be provided for equipment in crawl spaces. ACCESSIBILITY AND CLEARANCES: Every gas appliance shall be located with respect to building construction and other equipment so sufficient clearance shall be maintained to permit cleaning of heating surfaces.A.SECTION IV APPLIANCE INSTALLATION 1. (Underwriters Laboratories). Gas equipment shall not be installed on carpeting unless the equipment is listed for such installation. the replacement of filters. 46 . burners. The passageway in the attic shall have continuous solid flooring not less than 24 inches wide and an open working space. Minimum clearances shall be maintained between combustible walls and gas appliances and their venting systems.L. furred space or crawl space (under floor) shall be accessible by an opening not less than 20 inches by 30 inches and a passageway not less than 30 inches high by 22 inches wide. listings. All appliances shall be installed with clearances from combustible material in accordance with A. The passageway shall not be more than 20 feet in length from the access opening to the equipment and its controls. motors. not less than 30 inches deep by 30 inches wide on the control side of the equipment. blowers.

Gas-burning appliances installed in rooms ventilated by exhaust fans shall be protected against the possibility of the fan pulling a down draft on the appliance vents. This may be done by the installation of a permanent fresh air opening(s) to the room from the outside. 3. INSTALLATION IN GARAGES: Gas designed appliances may be installed in a garage under the following conditions: (a) Appliances installed in garages where they may be subjected to mechanical damage. A permanent electrical outlet and lighting fixture controlled by a switch located at the required passageway opening shall be provided at or near the equipment. A level working platform not less than 30 inches in depth and width shall be provided at the service side of the equipment. EXCEPTION: A working platform need not be provided when the equipment can be serviced from the required access opening. 47 . clothes dryers. 2. shall be suitably guarded against such damage by being installed behind protective barriers or by being elevated or located out of the normal path of vehicles. swamp coolers or fireplaces may create conditions requiring special attention to avoid unsatisfactory operation of installed gas appliances.EXCEPTION: Where the passageway is not less than 6 feet high for its entire length. SPECIAL CONDITIONS CREATED BY MECHANICAL EXHAUSTING OR FIREPLACE: Operation of exhaust fans. the passageway shall be not greater than 50 feet in length. kitchen ventilation systems.

vented decorative appliances and vented decorative appliances designed to be installed in solid fuel-burning fireplaces. NOTE: Appliances installed in a garage must have proper air for combustion. handling or dispensing of combustible. 4. (b) Vented room heaters. storage rooms and surgical rooms. (c) Rooms or spaces not part of the living space communicating directly with a private garage through openings shall be considered part of the private garage. 48 . spark. unless listed and approved for that specific location. Equipment shall not be installed in areas where open use. or flame capable of igniting flammable vapors shall be installed with a source of ignition at least 18 inches above the floor level. EXCEPTION: This shall not apply to the following appliances: (a) Direct vent appliances obtaining combustion air from the outdoors. bedrooms. EXCEPTION: Elevation of the ignition source is not required for appliances that are listed as flammable vapor resistant and for installation without elevation. Gas fired appliances shall not be installed in or obtain combustion air from bathrooms. provided the room the appliance is installed in will supply enough combustion air (an unconfined space) and is not of unusually tight construction.(b) Appliances located in garages and other hazardous location which generate a glow.HAZARDOUS AND PROHIBITED LOCATIONS: Gas appliances shall not be installed in any hazardous location. If the appliances are enclosed in an isolated space/room that does not open to the garage and all combustion air is taken directly from the outdoors. toilet rooms. flammable or explosive materials occur.

garage. (b) A unit heater shall be installed with clearances to combustible material of not less than 18 inches at the sides. (a) A unit heater shall not have duct work attached unless listed in the installation instructions for such use. floors. 8. FLOOR FURNACES: Floor furnaces shall have 18 inches clearance on the control side of the appliance and 12 inches clearance on the remaining sides and back. Vented wall furnaces shall be located so as not to cause a fire hazard to walls. All equipment must have an electrical disconnect located within the same room. SUSPENDED UNIT HEATERS: Shall be installed according to the manufacturer’s installation instructions and its listing. bathroom. VENTED WALL FURNACES: Vented wall furnaces shall be installed in accordance with their listing. grilles and access doors of appliances which must be removed for normal servicing operation shall not be attached to the building construction. solid fuel burning appliance or draft diverter in the same enclosed room . 7. There will be 6 inches clearance on bottom of appliance. toilet room.(c) Appliances installed in a dedicated enclosure and all combustion air is taken from outdoors and the enclosure is equipped with a solid door that is weather stripped and is self closing. WARM-AIR FURNACE: Return air inlets shall not be located within 10 feet of any appliance firebox. combustible furnishings or doors. mechanical room. 49 . 6. 5. Cold air return opening shall not be located in a closet. Panels. kitchen. boiler room or furnace room.

RESIDENTIAL BOILERS: Shall be installed according to the manufacturer’s installation instructions and its listing. UNVENTED ROOM HEATERS: Shall not be used as the sole source of comfort heating in a dwelling unit. (HOT WATER) Minimum required safeties: Aquastat Pressure/altitude guage Pressure relief valve Proof of flame (STEAM) Minimum required safeties: Pressure trol Low water cutoff Pressure relief valve Proof of flame 10. E and I (see definitions). Overhead heaters installed in private garages shall be installed a minimum 6 feet above the floor. (c) Overhead heaters located in public garages or other areas frequented by vehicles shall be installed a minimum of 8 feet above the floor. 50 . may be used for the lighting of logs only. (a) Unvented room heaters shall not have an input rating greater than 40. LOG LIGHTERS: Approved log lighters. where properly installed. 9. 11.12 inches at the bottom and 6 inches above the top unless stated otherwise in appliance installation instructions. (b) Unvented room heaters shall not be installed in occupancies in use Groups A.000 Btu/h. appliances shall be installed a minimum of 2 feet above the highest vehicle. Where vehicles exceed 6 feet.

000 Btu. 12. it shall be permanently blocked open a sufficient amount to prevent spillage of combustion products into the room. (d) Unvented room heaters installed in a bedroom shall be no larger than 10. (c) Gas logs when equipped with a pilot shall have a safety shut-off valve. (d) An insert or stove shall be listed for use with a gas log. water heaters shall be anchored or strapped to resist horizontal displacement due to earthquake motion. ODS’s may be cleaned but shall not be adjusted or altered which will result in the changing of the appliance set point.(c) Unvented room heaters shall be equipped with an oxygen depletion sensitive (ODS) safety shut-off system. (b) If the fireplace is equipped with a damper. GAS LOGS (DECORATIVE APPLIANCES): Approved gas logs may be installed in solid fuel burning fireplaces provided the following conditions are met: (a) The gas log is installed in accordance with the manufacturer’s installation instructions. 13. Water heaters used in combination as space heating shall be equipped with a tempering valve to limit the 51 . No size reduction on drain tube is allowed. In seismic Zone 3 and 4.000 Btu and unvented room heaters installed in a bathroom shall be no larger than 6. It is recommended a drain tube is used and it shall be rated at 100 psi and 1800. WATER HEATERS: Water heaters shall be installed according to their listings and shall be equipped with a temperature and pressure relief valve rated at 150 psi and 2100 or per tank rating whichever is less. (e) Unvented room heaters shall not be installed in a confined space.

Commercial ranges shall not be installed in residential applications. Deduct 5 feet for each 90-degree elbow and 2 1/2 feet for every 45-degree elbow. gas vent. Moisture exhaust ducts shall not terminate beneath the building or in the attic area.temperature of the potable distribution side to 1400F. Ducts for exhausting clothes dryers shall not be put together with sheet metal screws or other fastening means which extend into the duct. Unless permitted or required by the dryer manufacturer’s installation instructions and approved by the building official. as to material and maximum length. A clothes dryer moisture exhaust duct shall not be connected into any vent connector. CLOTHES DRYER: Shall be installed according to the manufacturer’s installation instruction and applicable codes. Clothes dryer flexible ducts (transition ducts) shall be semi-rigid metal and limited to a single length and shall not exceed 8 feet. 14. domestic dryer moisture exhaust ducts shall not exceed a total combined horizontal and vertical length of 35 feet. 15. GAS RANGES: Shall be installed according to the manufacturer’s installation instructions and applicable codes. or chimney and must be independent of all other systems. The moisture exhaust duct shall be installed in accordance with the appliance manufacturer ’s instructions and recommendations. This duct shall not be concealed in building construction. 52 .

53 .Moisture exhaust ducts shall terminate on the outside of the building and shall be equipped with a back-draft damper. 16.7. COMMERCIAL CLOTHES DRYER: Commercial clothes dryers shall be installed according to installation instruction and IFGC Section 613. Every vertical portion of the vent shall be provided with a cleanout or other means for the interior of the duct.

COMBUSTION AIR DUCTS: Combustion air ducts shall: (a) Be of galvanized steel. clothes dryers and fireplaces shall be taken into consideration when calculating combustion air. maintain safe operating temperature and proper supply of air. (b) Where a closet is designed for the installation of a clothes dryer. AIR FOR COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION: Appliances shall be installed in a manner and in a location with sufficient ventilation to permit complete combustion of the gas. kitchen ventilation. provided not more than one required fire stop is removed. proper venting of the appliance. (a) Openings and ducts shall not connect appliance enclosures with a space in which the operation of an exhaust fan may adversely affect the flow of combustion air. Combustion air shall not be taken from a refrigeration machinery room. Exhaust fans. 54 .SECTION V COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION AIR 1. (c) Combustion air supply shall not be obtained from any hazardous location or from any area in which objectionable quantities of flammable vapor. an opening having an area of not less than 100 square inches free air shall be provided in the closet enclosure for make-up air. lint or dust are given off. 2. EXCEPTION: Within residential structures. unobstructed stud and joist spaces may be used.

NOTE: Flexible duct shall not be used for combustion air ducts. (b) Have a minimum cross-sectional dimension of 3 inches. (c) Terminate in an unobstructed space allowing for combustion air movement to the appliance. (d) Have the same cross-sectional areas as the free area of the openings to which they connect. (e) Serve a single appliance enclosure. (f) Serve only upper or lower combustion air openings; the separation between ducts serving upper and lower combustion air openings shall be maintained to the source of combustion air. (g) Combustion air ducts shall not be installed so as to pass through construction where fire dampers are required. NOTE: Manually-operated dampers shall not be installed in combustion air ducts. (h) Ducts which terminate in an attic shall not be screened. The ducts shall terminate a minimum of 6 inches above the attic insulation. (i) When using outside air, the air must pass through continuous ducts of the required cross-sectional area extending from the appliance enclosure to the outside of the building. The required upper combustion air duct shall extend horizontally or upwards to the outside of the building. Where not otherwise prohibited, combustion air may be obtained from a properly ventilated attic area.

55

(j) When combustion air is taken from the attic, the ventilation openings shall not be subject to ice or snow blockage. Attic ventilation shall be sufficient to provide the required volume of combustion air for the appliances. (k) Combustion air obtained from under floor areas shall have free opening areas to the outside equivalent to twice the required combustion air opening. 3. LOUVERS AND GRILLES: In calculating free area as required, consideration shall be given to the blocking effects of louvers, grilles, or screens protecting such opening. If the free area through the design of louver or grille is known, it shall be used in calculating the size of opening required to provide the free area specified. If the design and free area is not known it may be assumed that wood louvers will have 25% free area and metal louvers and grilles will have 75% free area. Grille and screen openings cannot be smaller than 1/4 inch. EXAMPLE 1: If a metal grille is used and 100 square inches of free area is required 100 .75 = 133.3 or 134 square inches of metal grille to allow 100 square inches of free area measured across the grille opening.

EXAMPLE 2: If a wood louver is used and 100 square inches of free area is required 100 .25 = 400 square inches of wood louver to allow 100 square inches of free area measured across the grille opening.

56

4. ADEQUATE VOLUME (CONFINED SPACE): If the volume of the room or space in which fuel-burning appliances are installed is equal to or greater than 50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu/h of combined input rating of appliances, infiltration may be regarded as adequate to provide combustion air. Rooms communicating directly with the space in which the equipment is installed may be considered part of the non-confined space as long as openings between them have no doors. Exclude from the calculation the input ratings of listed direct vent appliances, cooking appliances, refrigerators and domestic clothes dryers. To determine if air is required use the following example: VOLUME OF SPACE IN CUBIC FEET

FIGURE 5

150,000 = 150 BTU x 50 = 7500 1,000 20 x 30 x 8 = 4800 CU. FT. =

CU. FT. REQUIRED (MINIMUM)

THIS WOULD BE A CONFINED SPACE AND COMBUSTION AIR WILL BE REQUIRED

57

the air supply shall be obtained from outdoors or from spaces freely communicating with the outdoors using one of the approved methods for outside combustion air. If the unconfined space is within a building of unusually tight construction. APPLIANCES LOCATED IN CONFINED SPACES: All Air from Inside the Building . 6. One opening located within the upper 12 inches of the enclosure and one opening located within the lower 12 inches of the enclosure. Page 59) 58 . 5. (See Figure 5.if allowed by local code The confined space shall be provided with two permanent openings communicating with other spaces of sufficient volume so the combined volume of all spaces meets the criteria for unconfined space. APPLIANCES LOCATED IN UNCONFINED SPACES: In unconfined spaces in buildings of conventional frame.000 Btu per hour of total input rating of all appliances within the enclosure with a minimum requirement of 100 square inches free area.The air supply for gas appliances may be obtained by application of one of the methods in Paragraphs 5 through 7. brick. infiltration is normally adequate to provide air requirements. or stone construction. Each opening shall have a free area of not less than 1 square inch per 1.

The confined space shall be provided with two permanent openings. OUTSIDE AIR: All air from the outdoors shall be obtained using one of the following methods. (a) Two Openings .EQUIPMENT LOCATED IN CONFINED SPACES ALL AIR FROM INSIDE THE BUILDING FIGURE 6 7. one located within the top 12 inches and one located within the bottom 12 inches of 59 .

The opening shall be a minimum of 1 square inch per 3. Pages 61 & 62).000 Btu per hour of the total input rating of all equipment in the enclosure.000 Btu/h of total input rating of all appliances in the enclosure and not less than the combined cross sectional area of the appliance vent connectors in the confined space.000). each opening shall have a minimum free area of not less than 1 square inch per 2.1 through 304.000).3. Section 304. The openings shall communicate directly or by ducts with the outdoors or spaces (properly ventilated crawl space or attic) freely communicating with the outdoors. 2. When directly communicating through an outside wall or by vertical ducts. 1. Vertical or Direct (1-4. Horizontal (1-2. Page 64). (b) One Opening (1-3. 60 . each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch per 4. All the appliances in the enclosure shall have minimum clearances of 1 inch on the sides and back and 6 inches on the front. (See Figures 6 & 7.7.000 Btu per hour of total input rating of all equipment in the enclosure. Page 63) For combined use of inside and outside combustion air refer to the IFGC. The confined space shall be provided with one permanent opening located within the top 12 inches of the enclosure.000).the enclosure. When communicating with the outdoors through horizontal ducts. (See Figure 8. The opening shall communicate directly or by duct to the outdoors. (See Figure 9.7.

63 28. FIGURE 7 61 .03 113.62 78.27 38.27 63.3 4 5 Round Duct Size Inches 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Nominal Area Square Inches 7.54 95.48 50.06 12.10 TABLE VII EQUIPMENT LOCATED IN CONFINED SPACES ALL AIR FROM OUTDOORS--INLET AIR FROM PROPERLY VENTILATED CRAWL SPACE AND OUTLET AIR TO PROPERLY VENTILATED ATTIC Notice the upper openings may not be taken from a crawl space.56 19.

EQUIPMENT LOCATED IN CONFINED SPACES ALL AIR FROM OUTDOORS THROUGH PROPERLY VENTILATED ATTIC FIGURE 8 62 .

EQUIPMENT LOCATED IN CONFINED ALLAIR FROM OUTDOORS OR PROPERLY VENTILATED ATTIC WITH ONE OPENING FIGURE 9 63 .

EQUIPMENT LOCATED IN CONFINED SPACES ALL AIR FROM OUTDOORS HORIZONTALLY FIGURE 10 64 .

65 . the clearance shall not be less than that specified on the label. DRAFT HOODS: Every appliance designed with a draft hood shall have a draft hood installed in the position for which it was designed and shall be located so the draft hood relief opening is at least 6 inches from any surface other than the appliance it serves. When a greater or lesser clearance is indicated on the equipment label. APPLIANCES REQUIRED TO BE VENTED: Every appliance designed to be vented shall be connected to a venting system as specified. or copper for vents or vent connectors for gas designed appliances. 3. shall be such as to resist the corrosive action of flue gases and condensate. The draft hood of the appliance and the combustion air opening shall be in the same room. VENT AND VENT CONNECTOR MATERIALS: Materials for vents or vent connectors on domestic or small commercial installations. RESPONSIBILITY: Responsibility for the proper venting of appliances rests with the installing agency. Aluminum vent is required for most residential and commercial applications. measured in a direction 90 degrees to the plane of the relief opening. this requirement prohibits the use of black iron. galvanized iron.SECTION VI VENTING 1. Venting systems shall be designed and constructed as to develop a positive flow adequately conveying all combustion products to the outside atmosphere. In general. 4. For commercial installations see the 2006 IFGC. 2.

VENT AND VENT CONNECTOR CLEARANCES: Vents and vent connectors shall be installed with minimum clearances from combustible material as set forth by the National Board of Fire Underwriters and by local regulating agencies. Such connectors shall be installed within the space or area in which the appliance is located and shall be connected to a chimney or vent in such a manner as to maintain the clearance to combustibles as required by the listing and the manufacturer’s installation instructions. VENT CONNECTORS: Connectors shall be used to connect fuel-burning appliances to a vertical chimney or vent unless the chimney or vent is attached directly to the appliance.10. and replacement. (Refer to IFGC 503.Galvanized steel vent or aluminized steel (factory vent kits) may be used for venting sealed combustion appliances. The entire length of a vent connector shall be provided with ready access for inspection. provided appliance is listed for such use. 66 . Plastic vent pipe may be used in accordance with the terms of the listing and the appliance manufacturer’s installation instructions.12. The entire length of Type “C” vent must be accessible for inspection. cleaning and replacement.) 6. cleaning. An appliance shall be located as close as practical to the venting system. Type “C” (unlisted single wall) gas vent material used as a vent connector shall not pass through any floor. 5. EXCEPTION: Listed appliances with integral venting systems such as direct vent appliances need not comply. Listed single wall vent material shall be installed according to its listing. ceiling or attic and shall have 6 inches clearances to combustible material.

but not beyond. They shall be arranged to prevent the initiation or increase of firing unless the damper is opened to a safe position. When the connector used for a Category I gas appliance must be located or pass through an unconditioned space. Manually operated dampers shall not be placed in connectors of gas-burning appliances. “B” vent shall not be cut to accommodate vent connectors . three sheet metal screws or rivets may be used as an approved means. screws shall not penetrate inner liner on “B” vent. Joints shall be fastened with sheet metal screws. and shall be firmly cemented to masonry. A connector entering a masonry chimney shall extend through the wall to the inner face of the liner. At the point of connection of the single-wall connector to the double-wall gas vent. A thimble may be used to 67 . heat reclaimers. and recuperators shall be of a listed type and installed in accordance with the terms of their listings and the manufacturer’s installation instructions.Every portion of a vent connector shall have a rise of not less than 1/4 inch per linear foot from the appliance to the vertical vent or chimney.use factory “B” vent fittings. Connectors shall be securely supported for the design and weight of the materials employed to maintain proper clearances. rivets or other approved means. NOTE: Per manufacturer’s installation instructions. that portion of the connector shall be listed Type “B” or Type “L” vent material and shall not be covered with insulation. VENT DAMPERS: Automatically operated vent dampers. Fixed baffles shall not be classified as dampers. 7.

) If 6 inches are not available. a clean out shall be provided by installing a capped tee in the connector next to the chimney.3. SIZING VENTS/CONNECTORS SERVICING ONLY DRAFTHOOD EQUIPPED APPLIANCES AND PRE-VENT TABLE INSTALLATIONS: Vent systems shall be sized and constructed 68 . in which case the thimble shall be permanently cemented in place with hightemperature cement.9) Masonry chimney shall be provided with a cleanout opening having a minimum height of 6 inches. have adequate draft and the products of combustion are going up the vent connector and vent properly. (Refer to IFGC 501.facilitate removal of the connector for cleaning. 8. The upper edge of the opening shall be located not less than 6 inches below the lowest chimney inlet opening. When a mechanical draft system is employed. Connectors shall connect to a masonry chimney not less than 12 inches (305 mm) above the lowest portioin of the interior of the chimney. Each vent connector of a multiple venting system shall have the greatest possible rise consistent with the headroom available between the draft hood outlet or the vent collar and the point of interconnection to a manifold or to a common vent. provision shall be made to prevent the flow of gas to the main burners when the draft system is not performing so as to satisfy the operating requirements of the appliance for safe performance. Vent connectors serving gravity vent type appliances shall not be connected to a venting system served by a mechanical draft system unless the connection is made on the negative pressure side of the mechanical draft system and appliance is approved for that type of installation.15. The venting system on all gas appliances shall be examined to ensure they are properly installed. When the appliance is equipped with a draft hood. to ensure proper draft a match test will be made both before and after indoor blower starts to run on appliances so equipped. (Refer to IFGC 501.

except on new installations where all the appliances served by the common vent are located in rooms or spaces accessed only from the outdoors. The horizontal run of an uninsulated connector to a natural draft chimney shall be not more than 75 percent of the height of the vertical portion of the chimney above the connector. the area of the vent or chimney shall not be less than the area of the largest vent connector inlet plus 50% of the areas of all additional inlets nor greater than seven times the smaller draft-hood outlet area. The area of the vent shall not be less than the area of the largest vent connector inlet. When two or more draft hood equipped vent connectors are joined together. 69 . unless part of an engineered system. The horizontal length. all appliances except those on the lowest floor shall be provided with as much vertical vent connector rise as possible before connecting into the common vent. Appliances which are connected to a common venting system shall be located within the same story of the building. shall be determined in accordance with approved engineering methods. The appliance enclosures shall not communicate with the occupiable areas of the building. from a gas designed appliance be smaller than the outlet vent collar provided by the manufacturer.so as to develop a flow adequate to convey all combustion products to the outside atmosphere. In no case may the vent connector. design and construction of combined connectors or connectors to a manifold joining two or more appliances to a chimney. A connector shall be as short and straight as possible. unless part of an engineered system. for its entire length. Where the same vertical vent or chimney is used for gas appliances on more than one floor. The horizontal run of an insulated connector to a natural draft chimney shall be not more than 100 percent of the height of the vertical portion of the chimney above the connector.

48 50. Vent Size Inches 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Nominal Area Square Inches 7.24 25. inches The common vent size can be determined by using the nominal area square inches formula and using the nominal area square inches of the largest vent connector inlet plus 50% of the nominal area square inches of all additional inlets provided all the appliances are draft hood equipped. When two or more appliances are common vented.27 sq.27 nominal area square inches.27 63.7854 = Nominal area square inches Example: A 6" vent has 28.27 38.06 12.63 28. the smaller connector shall enter at the highest level.7854 = 28. Another means of determining a common vent size can be achieved by using the square root method. Multiple connectors shall be attached to the vertical chimney or vent at an angle of 45 degrees or less relative to vertifical.56 19. 6" x 6" x .81 TABLE VIII The cross-sectional area can be determined by using the following formula: D2 x .82 14.Two or more connectors shall not enter a common venting system unless the inlets are offset in such a manner that no portion of an inlet is opposite the other inlets.14 19.28 9.62 50% Square Area Inches 3. 70 .53 6. The following shows the size of vents and cross-sectional areas.13 31.

9. III and IV gas equipment shall be in accordance with the manufacturer’s instruction. III. If the square root works out to be a lesser number. and IV VENTING: The sizing of vents for Category II. provided no conflict exists with manufacturer’s instructions and local or national codes. 10. See paragraph 8 for venting exception when venting only 1 or 2 Category I draft-hood equipped appliances. Vent Category I natural draft appliances per manufacturer’s installation instructions.Example: A 4" and 5" vent connector: 5" x 5" x 1(100%) = 25" 4" x 4" x . use a larger number that will be just larger than the number needed.5(50%) = 8" 25" + 8" = 33" Common vent size required is 6" 6" x 6" = 36" (square root of 36" is 6") 36" is greater than but not less than the 33" needed. CATEGORY I APPLIANCE VENTING: For proper vent and vent connector sizing of Category I fan assisted appliances refer to the vent tables and instructions provided by the manufacturer with each Category I appliance. IFGC Section 504 or Policies & Procedures Manual. NOTE: Do not use the above methods for sizing Category I fan-assisted appliances. 71 . CATEGORY II. Every gravity type vent shall extend in as nearly a vertical direction as possible having no offsets greater than 45 degrees from vertical.

Type “B” or “BW” gas vent shall terminate as follows: Gas vent caps having an internal diameter of 12 inches or less shall be permitted to be terminated in accordance with Table IX.11. through a flashing. and terminate in a LISTED vent cap installed in accordance with its listing and the manufacturer’s installation instructions. Type “BW” gas vents shall terminate at least 12 feet vertically above the bottom of the wall furnace. Venting systems shall terminate not less than 3 feet above any forced air inlet located within 10 feet. other than a Type “BW” gasventing system or a venting system which is an integral part of a listed appliance shall terminate not less than 5 feet above the highest vent collar which it serves. provided they are located at least 8 feet from a vertical wall or similar obstruction. 72 . Gravity-type venting systems. All other Type “B” gas vent shall terminate not less than 2 feet above the highest point where they pass through the roof and at least 2 feet higher than any portion of a building within 10 feet. Decorative shrouds shall not be installed at termination vents unless listed and labeled for use with that specific venting system and installed according to manufacturer’s installation instructions. GAS VENT TERMINATION: Vents shall extend above the roof surface. This provision shall not apply to the combustion air intake of a direct vent appliance.

VENT TERMINATION MINIMUM HEIGHT FROM ROOF TO LOWEST DISCHARGE OPENING (feet ) 1. MECHANICAL DRAFT TERMINATION: Appliances shall terminate not less than 4 feet below or 4 feet horizontally. 13.000 Btu/h shall terminate not less than 6 inches from any opening which products of combustion could enter the building. DIRECT VENT TERMINATION: Vent terminations of direct vent appliances with input ratings less than 10.5 2.25 4.5 3.000 Btu/h shall terminate 73 .0 7.5 8.0 1. Appliances over 10.0 5. nor less than 1 foot above.000 Btu/h but not exceeding 50.0 7. The bottom of the vent shall be 12" above grade.0 6. operable window or gravity air inlet into any building.0 2.0 ROOF SLOPE Flat to 6/12 Over 6/12 to 7/12 Over 7/12 to 8/12 Over 8/12 to 9/12 Over 9/12 to 10/12 Over 10/12 to 11/12 Over 11/12 to 12/12 Over 12/12 to 14/12 Over 14/12 to 16/12 Over 16/12 to 18/12 Over 18/12 to 20/12 Over 20/12 to 21/12 TABLE IX 12. any door.25 1.

not less than 9 inches from any opening. Appliances with ratings over 50,000 Btu/h shall terminate not less than 12 inches from any opening into the building.

FIGURE 11 NOTE: Both vent and air intake shall be located at least 12 inches above grade. 14. MASONRY CHIMNEYS: Masonry chimneys shall be installed according to local building codes and lined with approved clay flue lining, or a listed chimney lining system that resists corrosion, erosion, softening or cracking from vent gases. (1) Category I appliances. The effective area of the chimney when connected to more than one draft hood equipped appliance shall be not less than the area of the largest vent or chimney connector plus 50 percent of the area of the additional vent or chimney connectors, nor greater than seven times the smallest draft-hood outlet area.

74

(2) Automatically controlled gas appliances connected to a chimney which also serves equipment burning liquid fuel shall be equipped with an automatic pilot. A gas appliance vent connector and a chimney connector from an appliance burning liquid fuel may be connected into the same chimney through separate openings, provided the gas appliance is vented above the liquid fuel-burning appliance, or both may be connected through a single opening if joined by a suitable fitting located at the chimney. (3) The chimney passageway shall be examined to ascertain it is clear and free of obstructions and SHALL BE PROPERLY CLEANED IF PREVIOUSLY USED FOR VENTING SOLID- OR LIQUID-FUEL-BURNINGAPPLIANCES. When inspection reveals an existing chimney is not safe for the intended application, it shall be rebuilt to conform to chimney standards of the Building Code or replaced with an approved gas vent or factory-built chimney. 15. PROHIBITED INSTALLATIONS: Outside vents or chimneys should not be used except for large industrial installations. A vent connector shall not be connected to a chimney serving a fireplace unless the fireplace opening is permanently sealed and the fireplace discontinued for use. Gas appliances shall not be common vented with a chimney serving a separate appliance designed to burn solid fuel. No portion of a venting system shall pass through any circulating air duct or furnace plenum.

75

Category 1 Vent Tables
TABLE 1 DOUBLE WALL COMMON VENT W/ DOUBLE WALL
CONNECTOR, SINGLE APPLIANCE
3"
Height H (Ft)

4"

5"

6"

7

Lateral FA N N AT FA N N AT FA N N AT FA N N AT FAN N AT L (F Min M Max M Max M Min Max Max M Max Max Min Max Max t) in ax in ax

6

0 2 4 6 0 2 5 8 0 2 5 10 0 2 5 10 15 0 2 5 10 15 20 0 2 5 10 15 20 30

0 13 21 25 0 12 23 28 0 12 23 30 0 11 22 29 35 0 10 21 28 34 48 0 9 21 27 33 56 N R

78 51 49 46 84 57 53 49 88 61 57 51 94 69 65 59 53 97 75 71 64 58 52 100 81 77 70 64 58 NR

46 0 152 86 0 251 141 36 18 97 67 27 157 105 34 30 94 64 39 153 103 32 36 91 61 47 149 100 50 0 165 94 0 276 155 40 16 109 75 25 178 120 38 32 103 71 42 171 115 35 39 98 66 51 164 109 53 0 175 100 42 17 118 81 40 32 113 77 36 41 104 70 58 48 45 41 37 61 51 48 44 40 35 64 56 54 50 NR NR NR 0 15 30 40 48 0 14 29 38 46 55 0 13 28 37 44 53 73 191 136 130 121 112 202 149 143 133 124 116 213 166 160 150 141 132 113 112 93 87 82 76 119 100 96 89 84 79 128 112 108 102 96 90 N R 0 23 41 54 0 20 39 51 61 0 18 38 50 59 69 0 14 36 48 57 66 88 295 194 187 176 327 226 219 206 195 349 250 242 229 217 206 374 283 275 262 249 237 214 166 129 124 115 187 150 142 135 128 202 166 160 150 142 134 220 185 176 171 163 154 NR

0 32 50 59 0 28 53 64 0 26 52 67 0 22 49 64 76 0 20 47 62 73 84 0 18 45 59 70 80 104

375 232 227 223 415 263 255 247 447 289 280 267 502 339 330 315 301 540 377 367 351 337 322 587 432 421 403 389 374 346

205 157 153 149 235 180 173 165 255 195 188 175 285 225 217 208 198 307 249 241 228 217 206 336 280 273 261 249 237 219

0 44 66 78 0 42 70 84 0 40 68 88 0 38 64 84 98 0 33 62 81 94 107 0 27 58 77 90 102 131

524 321 316 310 583 365 356 347 631 402 392 376 716 475 463 445 429 776 531 519 499 481 464 853 613 600 580 560 542 507

285 217 211 205 320 247 237 227 345 273 263 245 390 316 300 288 275 430 346 337 321 308 295 475 394 385 371 357 343 321

8

10

15

20

30

76

Category 1 Vent Tables TABLE 2 Height H (Ft) DOU W COM ONVENTW SINGLE BLE ALL M / W CONNECTOR. SIN APPLIAN ALL GLE CE 3" 4" 5" 6" 7" Lateral NAT F AN NAT F AN NAT F AN NAT F AN NAT F AN L ax in ax ax in ax ax in ax ax in ax ax (Ft) M M M M M M M M M M M M M M M in ax 6 0 2 4 6 0 2 5 8 0 2 5 10 0 2 5 10 15 0 2 5 10 15 20 0 2 5 10 15 20 30 38 39 N R N R 37 39 N R N R 37 39 52 N R 36 38 51 N R N R 35 37 50 N R N R N R 34 37 49 N R N R N R N R 77 51 NR NR 83 56 NR NR 87 61 56 NR 93 69 63 NR NR 96 74 68 NR NR NR 99 80 74 NR NR NR NR 45 36 33 31 50 39 37 33 53 41 39 34 57 47 44 39 N R 60 50 47 41 N R N R 63 56 52 N R N R N R N R 59 60 74 83 58 59 77 90 57 59 76 97 56 57 75 95 N R 54 56 73 93 N R N R 53 55 72 91 115 N R N R 151 96 92 89 164 108 102 95 174 117 111 100 190 136 128 116 NR 200 148 140 129 NR NR 211 164 157 144 131 NR NR 85 66 63 60 93 75 69 64 99 80 76 68 111 93 86 79 72 118 99 94 86 80 NR 127 111 106 98 NR NR NR 85 85 102 114 83 83 107 122 82 82 105 132 80 80 102 128 158 78 78 100 125 155 186 76 76 98 122 151 181 NR 249 156 152 147 273 176 168 161 293 193 185 171 325 225 216 201 186 346 248 239 223 208 192 372 281 271 255 239 223 NR 140 104 102 99 154 119 114 107 165 128 122 112 186 149 140 131 124 201 165 158 146 136 126 219 183 173 168 157 NR NR 126 123 146 163 123 121 151 175 120 119 148 188 116 115 144 182 220 114 113 141 177 216 254 110 109 136 171 208 246 N R 373 231 225 220 412 261 252 243 444 287 277 261 499 337 326 308 290 537 375 363 344 325 306 584 429 417 397 377 357 NR 204 156 152 148 234 179 171 163 254 194 186 171 283 224 217 203 192 306 248 239 224 210 196 334 279 271 257 242 228 N R 165 159 187 207 161 155 193 223 158 152 190 237 153 148 182 228 272 149 144 178 222 264 309 144 139 171 213 255 298 389 522 320 313 307 580 363 352 342 628 400 388 369 713 473 459 438 418 772 528 514 491 469 448 849 610 595 570 547 524 477 284 213 208 203 319 246 235 225 344 272 261 241 388 314 298 284 269 428 344 334 316 301 285 472 392 382 367 349 333 305 8 10 15 20 30 77 .

TWO OR MORE APPLIANCES 3" Height H (Ft) 4" N AT FA N N AT 5" FA N N AT 6" FA N N AT FAN 7 NA T Rise R (F Min Max Max Min Max Max Min Max Max Min Max Max Min Max Max t) FA N 6 1 22 37 26 35 66 46 46 106 72 58 164 104 77 225 142 2 23 41 31 37 75 55 48 121 86 60 183 124 79 253 168 3 24 44 35 38 81 62 49 132 96 62 199 139 82 275 189 1 22 40 27 35 72 48 49 114 76 64 176 109 84 243 148 2 23 44 32 36 80 57 51 128 90 66 195 129 86 269 175 3 24 47 36 37 87 64 53 139 101 67 210 145 88 290 198 1 22 43 28 34 78 50 49 123 78 65 189 113 89 257 154 2 23 47 33 36 86 59 51 136 93 67 206 134 91 282 182 3 24 50 37 37 92 67 52 146 104 69 220 150 94 303 205 1 21 50 30 33 89 53 47 142 83 64 220 120 88 298 163 2 22 53 35 35 96 63 49 153 99 66 235 142 91 320 193 3 24 55 40 36 102 71 51 163 111 68 248 160 93 339 218 1 21 54 31 33 99 56 46 157 87 62 246 125 86 334 171 2 22 57 37 34 105 66 48 167 104 64 259 149 89 354 202 3 23 60 42 35 110 74 50 176 116 66 271 168 91 371 228 1 20 62 33 31 113 59 45 181 93 60 288 134 83 391 182 2 21 64 39 33 118 70 47 190 110 62 299 158 85 408 215 3 22 66 44 34 123 79 48 198 124 64 309 178 88 423 242 8 10 15 20 30 COMMON VENT TABLE ALL DOUBLE WALL VENTING 4" Vent Height H (ft) 6 8 10 15 20 30 FANFA N 5" NAT FA NFAN 6" N AT FA NFAN 7" NA FAN N T FA NAT +FA +NAT +N +FAN +NAT +NA +FAN +N +NA +FA +N +NAT N AT T AT T N AT 92 101 110 81 90 97 65 73 79 91 140 116 155 129 169 141 195 164 103 204 114 224 124 243 144 283 160 314 185 361 161 147 178 163 194 178 228 206 255 229 297 266 309 248 200 339 275 223 367 299 242 427 352 280 475 394 310 547 459 360 125 112 136 123 152 138 102 215 183 118 244 210 78 .Category 1 Vent Tables TABLE 3 DOUBLE WALL COMMON VENT W/ DOUBLE WALL CONNECTOR.

Category 1 Vent Tables TABLE 4 Height H (Ft) DOUBLE WALL COMMON VEN W/ SINGLE WALL T CONNECTOR. TWO OR MORE APPLIANCES 3" 4" 5" 6" 7 FA N N AT FA N N AT FA N N AT FA N N AT FA N N AT Rise R ax (F M M M M M M M M M M M M M M t) in ax ax in ax ax in ax ax in ax ax in ax M 6 1 NR NR 26 N NR 46 N NR 71 N NR 102 207 223 140 R R R 2 NR NR 31 N NR 55 N NR 85 168 182 123 215 251 167 R R 3 NR NR 34 N NR 62 121 131 95 175 198 138 222 273 188 R R R R 1 NR NR 27 N NR 48 N NR 75 N NR 106 226 240 145 R 2 NR NR 32 N NR 57 125 126 89 184 193 127 234 266 173 R 3 NR NR 35 N NR 64 130 138 100 191 208 144 241 287 197 R 1 NR NR 28 N NR 50 119 121 77 182 186 110 240 253 105 2 NR NR 33 84 85 59 124 134 91 189 203 132 248 278 183 3 NR NR 36 89 91 67 129 144 102 197 217 148 257 299 203 1 NR NR 29 79 87 52 116 138 81 177 214 116 238 291 158 2 NR NR 34 83 94 62 121 150 97 185 230 138 246 314 189 3 NR NR 39 87 100 70 127 160 109 193 243 157 255 333 215 1 49 56 30 78 97 54 115 152 84 175 238 120 233 325 165 2 52 59 36 82 103 64 120 163 101 182 252 144 243 346 197 3 55 62 40 87 107 72 125 172 113 190 264 164 252 363 223 1 47 60 31 77 110 57 112 175 89 169 278 129 226 380 175 2 51 62 37 81 115 67 117 185 106 177 290 152 236 397 208 3 54 64 42 85 119 76 122 193 120 185 300 172 244 412 235 8 10 15 20 30 COMMON VENTTABLE ANY SINGLE WALL VENTING 4" V Height ent H (ft) 6 8 10 15 20 30 FANFA N 5" NAT FA NFAN 6" N AT FA NFAN 7" N AT FAN N FA NA T T AT T N AT T +FA +NA +NAT +FAN +NA +N +FAN +NAT +NA +FA +N +NA N T NR NR NR 78 87 94 64 71 76 88 98 NR 113 99 200 158 144 304 244 196 NR 126 111 218 173 159 331 269 218 163 137 120 237 189 174 357 292 236 189 159 140 275 221 200 416 343 274 208 177 156 305 247 223 463 383 302 121 108 131 118 145 132 113 236 202 180 350 286 257 533 446 349 79 .

SECTION VII CONTROLS AND REGULATORS 1. (b) The automatic gas valve shall be of a size to allow the required amount of low pressure gas to the appliance. Access shall be provided to pressure regulators and be protected from physical damage. 80 . All automatic gas valves shall conform with manufacturer’s ratings and be installed according to the following provisions: (a) The automatic valve will be designed to shut off the gas supply in case of power supply failure. shall supply gas to only one appliance. AUTOMATIC VALVES: A shut-off valve shall be installed upstream of an automatic valve. GAS PRESSURE REGULATORS: A gas pressure regulator or gas equipment pressure regulator shall be installed where the gas appliance is designed to operate at a lower pressure than the fuel gas system. (c) Industrial Service: The automatic gas valve shall be sized for commercial and industrial service and be compatible with the type of equipment and available gas pressure. 2. Regulators installed on the exterior of the building shall be approved for outdoor installation. such as a thermostat. Vent piping for relief vents and breather vents shall be constructed with the same material used for gas piping systems. (See Figure 11) FIGURE 12 An automatic gas valve controlled from a remote point.

80 standard requires the use of an over-pressure protection device (OPD) for supply pressure above 2 psi tested and approved with the regulator (c) The capacity of the MP regulator. Tee fitting shall be located to allow connection of a pressure-measuring instrument and to serve as a sediment trap. The new Z21. The vent shall be designed to prevent the entry of water or foreign objects. (d) The MP pressure regulator shall be accessible for servicing. MP REGULATORS: MP (medium pressure) regulators installed in the system shall comply with the following. 81 . (b) The MP regulator shall maintain a reduced outlet pressure under lockup (no-flow) conditions. (a) The MP regulator shall be approved and shall be suitable for the inlet and outlet gas pressures for the application. shall be adequate to supply the appliance(s) served.3. 4. Tee fitting shall be located to allow connection of a pressure measuring instrument. VENTING OF MP REGULATORS: Line gas pressure regulators requiring a vent shall have an independent vent to the outside of the building. determined by the published ratings of its manufacturer. (f) A tee fitting with one opening capped or plugged shall be installed not less than 10 pipe diameters downstream of the MP regulator outlet. EXCEPTION: A vent to the outside of the building is not required for MP regulators equipped with and labeled for utilization with approved vent-limiting devices and must be installed according to manufacturer’s installation instructions. (e) A tee fitting with one opening capped or plugged shall be installed between the MP regulator and its upstream shutoff valve.

000 BTU)ASME CSD1: (a) Gas pressure regulator. A means shall be provided at the terminating point to prevent a blockage of the line by foreign material. means shall be employed to prevent water from entering this piping and also to prevent blockage of lines by insects and foreign matter. ATMOSPHERIC VENTS AND GAS VENT BLEED OR RELIEF LINES FOR BOILERS (OVER 400. In the case of bleed lines entering the combustion chamber. pressure interlock switches and all other valve train components requiring atmospheric air pressure to balance a diaphragm or other similar device. the bleed line shall be located so the bleed gas will be readily ignited by the pilot and the heat liberated thereby will not adversely affect the normal operation of the safety shut-off system.5. chimney or exhaust system. The termination of the bleed line shall be securely held in a fixed position relative to the pilot. A bleed line(s) from a diaphragm type valve and a vent line(s) from a gas appliance pressure regulator shall not be connected to a common manifold. Neither shall terminate in a positive pressure combustion chamber. shall be provided with a pipe-threaded connection for the vent line. In the case of bleed lines leading outdoors. moisture. 6. This line shall be piped by the installer to the outdoors at a safe point of discharge as determined by the authority having jurisdiction. Under no circumstances shall bleed lines terminate in the gas utilization equipment vent. or insects. 82 . VENTING FOR DIAPHRAGM TYPE VALVES: Diaphragm type valves shall be equipped to convey bleed gas to the outside atmosphere or into the combustion chamber adjacent to a continuous pilot.

However. bleed or relief lines shall have provisions to be piped by the installer to the outdoors at a safe point of discharge as determined by the authority having jurisdiction.(b) Atmospheric vent lines. fully ported. electrical operated valves shall be sized in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions. (d) Gas vent. 83 . (e) Gas vent lines with normally open. when manifolded. shall be sized in accordance with an approved design that minimizes back pressure in the event of diaphragm rupture. a gas bleed line from a diaphragm control valve and vent line from an appliance regulator may be vented to a constant burning pilot. bleed or relief lines.1. A means shall be provided at the terminal point to prevent stoppage of the lines by foreign material. moisture or insects. Refer to IFGC 410. (c) Atmospheric vent lines shall not be connected to any common or manifolded gas vent.3.

Appliance regulator shall be checked for proper input pressure. Most appliance manufacturers allow a plus or minus . 3. Consult installation instructions for proper regulator adjustment. Not adjusting the appliance for the elevation and local Btu value will cause over firing. The appliance adjustment is the responsibility of the installer and should be completed at the time of installation. see Table XII. NOTE: For proper deration procedures. PROCEDURE: Under this heading appears the fundamental procedure to be followed in placing an appliance in operation and instructing the customer in its safe and satisfactory use. following procedures outlined in the installation instructions. Page 94. and lost efficiency. 2. APPLIANCE RATING: Appliance ratings are established by American Gas Association Testing Laboratories at sea level. see appliance installation instructions. Failure to check for proper appliance regulator pressure may over fire the burners and render the appliance unsafe.3 inch water column adjustment. It is the responsibility of the installing agency to put into effect the procedures in the following paragraphs. 84 . combustion problems. Over firing may render an appliance unsafe and cause premature failure to the combustion chambers. BURNERS TO BE ADJUSTED: The purpose for burner input adjustment is to maintain a ration of 1 part fuel to 10 parts air. To convert from inches of water column to ounces of gas pressure.SECTION VIII PROCEDURES TO BE FOLLOWED TO PLACE AN APPLIANCE IN OPERATION 1.

.00 x .000 1. 2% per 1.350 ft. specific gravity and Btu/cubic ft.000. 04 = X = deration factor (multiplier) Example: Salt Lake City ~ 4.000 x .000 Btu rated appliance 100. Formula: Elevation 1.. elevation 4.Appliances may not require any deration.83 will be the deration factor (multiplier) Proper deration of the appliance will be accomplished by the use of the following formula: appliance input x deration factor (multiplier) Btu per cubic foot Example: Salt Lake City ~ 100.174 = .00 X x.350 1. 4.000 or 4% per 1.258 CFH See Table X.04 = .000 1.826 (round to nearest hundreth . Pages 87-90 for deration factors.83) .000.83 = 890 93. For 85 . is not listed contact Questar Gas. or if the Btu/cubic ft. the test hand on the meter shall be timed for at least one revolution and the input determined by using this time.174 . The following is an example to derate an appliance 4% per 1. CLOCKING BURNER INPUT: To check the appliance input.

use above formula and multiply CFH by pressure factor from service regulator badge. depending upon the size of the meter. Pages 98-100. 2. 1.smaller test dials (1/4 and 1/2) allow at least two revolutions on larger input appliances. Information for converting the test hand readings to cubic feet per hour is given in Table XIII. or 5 cubic feet per revolution.) 86 . Test dials are generally marked 1/2. Pages 95-97 and Table XIV. Page 93. For two pound pressure use Table XI. or use the formula: (for four ounce pressure) 60 x 60 x dial size number of seconds for one revolution EXAMPLE: 1/2 foot test hand takes 11 seconds for one revolution 1800 = 164 CFH 11 60 x 60 x 1/2 = 1800 (For elevated pressure.

60 0.62 0.76 .74 .62 0.90 .70 .89 .78 .62 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.88 .74 .89 .STANDARD DERATION FACTORS CENTER SALT LAKE Alta Snowbird HEBER Coalville Deer Valley Francis Henefer Jeremy Ranch Kamas Midway Oakley Park C ity Pinebrook Summit Park Wanship Woodland TOOELE Grantsville PRICE Castledale East Carbon Ferron Helper Kenilworth ROOSEVELT Altamont Bonanza Dutch John Vernal MOAB Monticello DERATION FAC TOR (MULTIPLIER) 4% 2% .87 .76 .86 .77 .72 .60 0.90 .79 .75 .60 BTU/CUBIC FT.87 .87 .78 .74 .56 0.83 .60 0.62 0.62 0.82 .60 0.74 .62 0.87 .89 .79 .60 0.62 0.60 0.60 0.91 .69 .66 .89 .75 .86 .60 0.60 0.87 .89 .60 0.87 .87 . 890 755 778 843 846 786 815 851 821 817 847 818 803 821 803 837 833 867 883 896 800 877 843 891 865 913 873 904 845 908 923 820 TABLE X 87 .89 85 .84 .89 .76 .74 .60 0.79 .89 .87 .60 0.88 .60 0.62 0.86 ELEVATION 4350 8600 7800 5660 5586 7500 6560 5355 6400 6473 5550 6475 7000 6400 7000 5900 6000 4900 4400 5680 5660 6300 5930 5900 6604 5150 6375 5450 6400 5300 4025 7066 SPEC IFIC GRAVITY 0.60 0.78 .56 0.83 .60 0.72 .72 .60 0.60 0.74 .92 .91 .76 .88 .80 .88 .77 .74 .84 .78 .87 .60 0.

56 0.56 0.91 .90 .60 0.83 .56 0.90 .90 .60 0.56 868 834 851 842 849 828 890 862 862 890 890 856 890 880 885 862 900 883 882 898 895 895 889 879 885 879 838 841 841 842 836 832 ELEVATION SPECIFIC GRAVITY BTU/CUBIC FT.80 .90 .91 .91 .60 0.90 .91 .83 .89 .90 .81 .79 .56 0.60 0.60 0.90 .60 0.56 0. TABLE X (continued) 88 .79 .60 0.92 .60 0.88 .77 .60 0.60 0.60 0.76 .60 0.82 .78 .90 .78 2% .80 .90 .89 .89 .79 .56 0.80 .80 .80 .90 .56 0.80 .90 .89 4350 5400 5125 5100 4900 5650 4350 5000 5000 4350 4220 5175 4325 4500 5100 5900 4650 5150 5200 4700 4800 4800 4950 5300 5105 5300 5290 5150 5150 5100 5340 5510 0.79 .80 .80 .56 0.90 .56 0.90 .60 0.79 .60 0.60 0.60 0.89 .91 .60 0.60 0.89 .60 0.81 .STANDARD DERATION FACTORS CENTER PROVO Birds Eye Cedar Fort Nephi Santaquin Woodland Hills OGDEN Morgan Ogden Valley LAYTON BRIGHAM CITY Mantua Tremonton LOGAN FILLMORE Beaver Delta Holden Kanosh Leamington Lynndyl Meadow Milford Minersville Oak City Scipio RICHFIELD Aurora Axtell Centerfield Central/Annabella Chester DERATION FACTOR (MULTIPLIER) 4% .60 0.80 .90 .81 .56 0.90 .83 .90 .83 .79 .78 .81 .91 .80 .91 .79 .56 0.90 .83 .

56 0.79 .77 .89 .88 .89 .89 .56 0.56 6 0.89 .89 .79 .56 0.88 .77 .78 .56 0.56 0.78 .56 0.56 0.56 0.79 .76 .88 .89 .88 .89 .56 0.56 0.STANDARD DERATION FACTORS CENTER Richfield Circleville Elsinore Ephraim Fairview Fayette Fountain Green Glenwood Gunnison Indianola Joseph Junction Manti Marysvale Mayfield Monroe Moroni Mount Pleasant Panguich Redmond Salina Sevier Sigurd Spring City Sterling Venice Wales CEDAR C ITY Brian Head Enoch Enterprise Hamilton Fort Kanarraville New Castle Paragonah Parowan Summit .56 0.77 .56 0.78 .56 0.78 .89 .89 .89 .89 .89 .89 .79 .78 .78 .90 .89 .56 0. TABLE X (continued) 89 .56 0.56 0.77 .56 815 836 831 819 844 825 838 842 818 834 817 830 820 831 835 831 822 797 842 841 830 838 823 830 838 832 825 708 825 879 828 832 882 822 815 817 DERATION FACTOR (MULTIPLIER) 4% 2% ELEVATION SPECIFIC GRAVITY BTU/CUBIC FT.56 0.61 .77 .56 0.88 6060 5330 5515 5960 5050 5750 5300 5100 6000 5435 6020 5560 5920 5540 5375 5520 5840 6624 5100 5140 5542 5260 5800 5560 5260 5500 5720 9800 5720 5300 5647 5480 5200 5860 6060 5950 0.88 .56 0.74 .88 .80 .87 .90 .76 .56 0.79 .88 .79 .78 .78 .56 0.80 .56 0.89 .77 .88 .89 .76 .90 .56 0.56 0.89 .89 .77 .56 0.90 .60 0.76 .56 0.56 0.56 0.79 .56 0.56 0.80 .60 0.76 .78 .56 0.89 .79 .90 .88 .56 0.76 .80 .76 .

82 . 87 .89 . TABLE X (continued) 90 . 92 .81 . 94 . 91 .82 .73 .62 0.56 0.84 .88 .72 . 94 . 93 . G EORGE Central D ameron Valle y Diamond Valle y Hurric ane Ivins La Verkin Le eds Sa nta Clara Springdale Toquerville Veyo Washington Winc he ster Hills ROCK SPRIN GS Ba ggs Granger Green River Wamsutter EVAN ST ON Big Piney Kemm erre r La Barge Lyman Ra ndolph Woodruff DERA TION FACT OR (MULTIPLIER) 4% . 86 .62 0. 86 .75 .84 .62 0.79 .56 0.74 . 90 .62 0.60 0. 87 . 94 .62 0.75 . 91 .56 0.85 . 94 .73 .75 2 % .62 0. 92 .56 0. 87 .89 .60 9 19 8 82 8 59 8 55 9 03 9 12 9 06 8 96 9 19 8 83 8 86 9 05 9 19 8 83 8 77 8 78 8 78 8 77 8 62 8 09 8 60 8 00 8 67 8 63 8 25 8 23 ELEVA TION SPEC IFIC GRAVIT Y BTU /CU BIC FT.62 0.73 .75 .87 .56 0. 92 .60 0. 86 . 91 .87 .56 0. 87 . 94 .60 0.56 0.56 0.75 .86 .56 0.56 0.56 0.STANDARD DERATION FACTORS C EN TER ST . 94 .60 0.75 . 87 . 87 .73 . 87 .62 0.56 0. 87 . 87 2 760 5 200 4 606 4 660 3 250 2 960 3 200 3 460 2 760 3 913 3 760 4 500 2 760 3 900 6 300 6 250 6 260 6 300 6 740 6 800 6 820 6 958 6 600 6 700 6 280 6 340 0.60 0.89 .

Specific gravity of the gas is . use the table corresponding with the specific gravity of the gas in your location.60 and manifold pressure is 3. EXAMPLE: 93 cf/h is required for an appliance with four burners. 93 ÷ 4 = 23.3" water column (when a regulator is provided). listing company name and date. ADJUSTING BURNER INPUT: The input rate shall be adjusted to the required rate by changing a fixed orifice size. install a sticker on the front of the appliance. (Stickers available at local Questar Gas Office. visible to the customer.25 cf/h per burner.5. 6.5inches water column. PRIMARY AIR ADJUSTMENT: The primary air for injection (Bunsen) type burner shall be adjusted for proper flame characteristics in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. the primary air adjustment shall first be set to give a soft blue flame having luminous tips and then increased to a point where the yellow tips just disappear. changing the adjustment of an adjustable orifice or by readjusting the gas pressure regulator outlet pressure as per manufacturer’s instructions. If the pilot safety does not function properly it shall be replaced. 7. AUTOMATIC PILOTS: When an automatic pilot is provided it shall be checked for proper operation and adjustment in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. consult Table XV. the adjustment means shall be secured in position. Normally. normally plus or minus . After setting the primary air.). a number 44 orifice will be required. 91 . After adjusting input. For convenience in determining the proper orifice size. a CO test should be performed. NOTE: After all adjustments are made. Pages 101-109.

. PROTECTIVE DEVICES: All protective devices furnished with the appliances such as a limit control. 10. If not. fan control. the products of combustion will tend to extinguish this flame. etc. low water cut-off device. 9.OPERATION / INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS: MANUFACTURER’S OPERATINGAND INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS SHALL BE LEFT WITH THE CUSTOMER 92 . manual operating features. 11. If the products of combustion are escaping from the relief opening of the draft hood. shall be operational. CHECKING THE DRAFT: On vent connected appliances. INSTRUCTIONS TO THE CUSTOMER: The customer shall be thoroughly instructed on the operation of the appliance. the appliance shall not be left in operation unless and until proper adjustments or repairs are made to ensure adequate draft through the vent.8. If drawing properly. the match flame will be drawn into the draft hood. the appliance shall be operated for a few minutes and the installation checked to see that the products of combustion are going up the vent properly by passing a lighted match or taper around the edge of the relief opening.

1632 5 1.7864 1.52 12.000 6.1410 1.0540 1.PRESSURE FACTOR MULTIPLIER MULTIPLIER TO OBTAIN FOUR OUNCES FLOW RATE ELEVATION ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE.0700 2 1.0586 1.3417 1.80 11.7620 1.7021 1.9105 2.0624 1.1366 1.7112 1.4126 1.3709 1.30 10.3462 1.0651 1.1457 1.000 3. TABLE XI 93 .350 5.3828 1.000 4.50 Multipliers for reducing gas volumes to a pressure base of four ounces above an average atmospheric pressure of each elevation. psig 1 1.4273 1.0581 1.1574 1.8125 1.3955 1.3681 1.000 7.60 12.20 11.000 13.7561 1.8799 1.1356 1.4432 10 1.70 13.000 4.0547 1.1519 1.000 9.0604 1.1275 1.1259 1.000 8.0675 1.90 10. psi FEET METER PRESSURE.70 12.8476 1.

30 19.89 34.68 29.46 5.38 12.49 24.19 6.60 OUNCES OF GAS PRESSURE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 To convert from inches of water column to ounces per square inch — multiply by the factor 0.62 10.11 13.95 27.5780.03 20.14 32.84 15.57 17.76 22.41 31.92 8.22 25. TABLE XII 94 .73 3.CONVERSION OF INCHES OF WATER COLUMN TO OUNCES OF GAS PRESSURE INCHES OF WATER COLUMN 1.

000 947 900 857 818 783 750 720 692 667 643 621 600 581 563 545 529 514 500 486 474 462 TABLE XIII 95 .500 1.636 1. FIVE CU.125 1. FT. TWO CU.200 1. FT.800 1. CUBIC FEET PER HOUR 180 164 150 138 129 120 113 106 100 95 90 86 82 78 75 72 69 67 64 62 60 58 56 55 53 51 50 49 47 46 360 327 300 277 257 240 225 212 200 189 180 171 164 157 150 144 138 133 129 124 120 116 113 109 106 103 100 97 95 92 720 655 600 554 514 480 450 424 400 379 360 343 327 313 300 288 277 267 257 248 240 232 225 218 212 206 200 195 189 185 1.286 1.059 1.CLOCKING METER GAS INPUT TO APPLIANCE IN CUBIC FEET PER HOUR FOUR OUNCE METER PRESSURE SECONDS FOR ONE REVOLUTION AT FOUR OUNCE METER PRESSURE 10 1 1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 SIZE OF TEST METER DIAL ONE-HALF CU. FT.385 1. FT. ONE CU.

FT.CLOCKING METER GAS INPUT TO APPLIANCE IN CUBIC FEET PER HOUR FOUR OUNCE METER PRESSURE SECONDS FOR ONE REVOLUTION AT FOUR OUNCE METER PRESSURE 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 SIZE OF TEST METER DIAL ONE-HALF CU. FT. FIVE CU. TWO CU. ONE CU. FT. CUBIC FEET PER HOUR 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 38 37 36 35 35 34 33 33 32 32 31 31 30 29 28 27 26 26 25 24 24 23 90 88 86 84 82 80 78 77 75 73 72 71 69 68 67 65 64 63 62 61 60 58 56 55 53 51 50 49 47 46 180 176 171 167 164 160 157 153 150 147 144 141 138 136 133 131 129 126 124 122 120 116 113 109 106 103 100 97 95 92 450 439 429 419 409 400 391 383 375 367 360 353 346 340 333 327 321 316 310 305 300 290 281 273 265 257 250 243 237 231 TABLE XIII (continued) 96 . FT.

FT. ONE CU. FT. CUBIC FEET PER HOUR 23 22 21 21 20 20 19 18 18 17 17 16 16 15 14 13 12 1 1 1 1 10 45 44 43 42 41 40 38 37 36 35 33 32 31 30 28 26 24 23 21 20 90 88 86 84 82 80 77 73 72 69 67 64 62 60 55 51 48 45 42 40 225 220 214 209 205 200 191 184 180 173 167 161 155 150 138 129 120 113 106 100 TABLE XIII (continued) 97 . FT. TWO CU. FT.CLOCKING METER GAS INPUT TO APPLIANCE IN CUBIC FEET PER HOUR FOUR OUNCE METER PRESSURE SECONDS FOR ONE REVOLUTION AT FOUR OUNCE METER PRESSURE 80 82 84 86 88 90 94 98 100 104 108 112 116 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 SIZE OF TEST METER DIAL ONE-HALF CU. FIVE CU.

FT.573 1.363 1. FT.859 1. ONE CU.CLOCKING METER GAS INPUT TO APPLIANCE IN CUBIC FEET PER HOUR TWO POUND METER PRESSURE SECONDS FOR ONE REVOLUTION AT FOUR OUNCE METER PRESSURE 10 1 1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 SIZE OF TEST METER DIAL ONE-HALF CU. TWO CU. FT.278 1.076 1.704 1.045 1. FT.023 974 930 889 852 818 787 757 730 705 682 660 639 620 602 584 568 553 538 524 TABLE XIV 98 .136 1.203 1. FIVE CU.461 1. CUBIC FEET PER HOUR 205 186 170 157 146 136 128 120 114 108 102 97 93 89 85 82 79 76 73 71 68 66 64 62 60 58 57 55 54 52 409 372 341 315 292 273 256 241 227 215 205 195 186 178 170 164 157 151 146 141 136 132 128 124 120 117 114 11 1 108 105 818 744 682 629 584 545 511 481 454 431 409 390 372 356 341 327 315 303 292 282 273 264 256 248 241 234 227 221 215 210 2.

FT. TWO CU. FT. FT.CLOCKING METER GAS INPUT TO APPLIANCE IN CUBIC FEET PER HOUR TWO POUND METER PRESSURE SECONDS FOR ONE REVOLUTION AT FOUR OUNCE METER PRESSURE 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 SIZE OF TEST METER DIAL ONE-HALF CU. FIVE CU. ONE CU. FT. CUBIC FEET PER HOUR 51 50 49 48 46 45 44 44 43 42 41 40 39 39 38 37 37 36 35 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 28 27 26 102 100 97 95 93 91 89 87 85 83 82 80 79 77 76 74 73 72 71 69 68 66 64 62 60 58 57 55 54 52 205 200 195 190 186 182 178 174 170 167 164 160 157 154 151 149 146 144 141 139 136 132 128 124 120 117 114 11 1 108 105 511 499 487 476 465 454 445 435 426 417 409 401 393 386 379 372 365 359 353 347 341 330 320 310 301 292 284 276 269 262 TABLE XIV (continued) 99 .

CLOCKING METER GAS INPUT TO APPLIANCE IN CUBIC FEET PER HOUR TWO POUND METER PRESSURE SECONDS FOR ONE REVOLUTION AT FOUR OUNCE METER PRESSURE 80 82 84 86 88 90 94 98 100 104 108 112 116 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 SIZE OF TEST METER DIAL ONE-HALF CU. FT. FIVE CU. FT. FT. TWO CU. ONE CU. FT. CUBIC FEET PER HOUR 26 25 24 24 23 23 22 21 20 20 19 18 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 1 1 51 50 49 48 46 45 44 42 41 39 38 37 35 34 31 29 27 26 24 23 102 100 97 95 93 91 87 83 82 79 76 73 71 68 63 58 55 51 48 45 256 249 243 238 232 227 218 209 205 197 189 183 176 170 157 146 136 128 120 114 TABLE XIV (continued) 100 .

01 143.61 113.05 115.14 78.92 122.11 128.48 134.02 137.18 167.50 121..34 195.17 128.83 84...32 159.12 75.34 151.87 91..18 73.02 171...33 69.74 152.78 163..ORIFICE CAPACITIES ..32 93.57 62.65 125..57 176..76 154.25 109.38 89..79 93.20 72.34 110...26 172.37 98.45 133.40 155.85 131.07 74.35 87.28 164.73 88.64 115.68 188.60 121.26 142.02 136.37 148.18 135.08 91.14 153.00 102.15 126.04 150.07 196.99 157.28 175..57 104..03 124.31 133.70 113.92 203.86 NOTES: Discharge coefficient of orifice is 0..71 86.60 67.82 92.81 104..01 218.47 130.42 97.30 186..34 107..93 185.71 72.73 60.75 123.45 134..49 106.19 112.21 95.30 75.68 83.52 80.20 95.34 129.79 106.29 98.04 125.00 145.22 119.32 103.83 85.80 138..18 123.82 67.50 160.37 78.56 ORIFICE DRILL SIZE 7" WC CFH 6" WC CFH 5" WC CFH 4" WC CFH 3 1/2" WC CFH 3" WC CFH 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 233....72 109.48 172.84 107.54 143.28 80.31 94.47 105.49 145...97 215.80 143.50 122.42 97..54 84.85 165.65 164...19 113.14 165.04 87.83 100.16 80.25 181.73 202.90 For appliances not equipped with an appliance regulator.65 80.48 153.98 78..17 130.80 189.54 116.83 123.86 87.78 138..48 159.75 65.50 116.08 177.13 118. specific gravity = 0.75 118.23 108.70 99.85 76.16 95.04 104..17 101.92 128. TABLE XV 101 ..33 82.71 148.10 141..24 70.94 87...81 65.40 148.56 181..88 134.52 141.43 95.20 114.67 153.24 140.90 92.75 118. use pressure of 7inches water column.93 102.96 112.72 167..39 108.58 100..43 70.

86 42.84 38.02 25.91 21......54 60.85 52....72 25.17 27..96 34.68 55.52 36.97 20.47 59.48 66.92 73.40 82.06 38.51 54..10 23.84 10.31 20.65 31..62 25..14 50.55 50.22 20..76 40.06 22.60 57.05 25.78 22.37 34. use pressure of 7inches water column.34 18..02 37.38 46.32 39..47 36..30 45.26 32.29 13.22 9.25 36.25 39.71 19.59 18.21 35.16 30.24 55.84 23.69 12..09 15.91 48.19 11..45 46.24 18.23 13.65 14.56 ORIFICE DRILL SIZE 7" WC CFH 6" WC CFH 5" WC CFH 4" WC CFH 3 1/2" WC CFH 3" WC CFH 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 88.84 76.91 15...90 For appliances not equipped with an appliance regulator.40 30.41 11.49 33.57 74.50 33.92 33.68 11.82 62.21 18.24 21.99 51. specific gravity = 0...70 27.87 54.32 16.85 48.69 45.23 29.32 57.ORIFICE CAPACITIES .24 54.17 44.63 52.76 55.16 35..64 26.08 62.88 19.56 32..95 39.89 NOTES: Discharge coefficient of orifice is 0.53 18..97 40.72 30.03 41..65 40.38 13.08 16.28 48.30 32....99 10..11 39.47 24.39 8.87 13.96 15.58 81.43 29.07 28.86 30.14 20..22 50.63 34.54 14.53 31.29 31..79 11.96 64.24 12.08 44.61 15.45 21.22 29.77 68.90 20.34 35..44 36.73 19..40 43..34 21.57 23.08 16.67 23.83 25.13 29.91 23.65 16.14 30.75 14.82 42.27 62.47 39.51 58.15 18. TABLE XV (continued) 102 .19 47.78 19..21 25..60 43.03 15.49 37.27 41.98 38.79 45.98 48.22 27..42 42.74 41..90 27.57 17.39 27.00 28.99 22.71 70.64 42.90 33.

42 5.94 0.25 2...14 1..30 1.83 1.00 2.89 4.10 0.37 2.70 2.29 1.68 5.69 8.02 3... specific gravity = 0.82 11.64 6.66 1.80 0.90 7..ORIFICE CAPACITIES .24 4.25 3.61 1.80 3.89 2..55 6..13 5.37 6.58 4.34 1.17 4.81 2..19 3.50 2.53 NOTES: Discharge coefficient of orifice is 0.99 3.23 8.12 1.72 1.90 For appliances not equipped with an appliance regulator. TABLE XV (continued) 103 ...39 4.59 4.34 4.16 4.15 3.59 5.49 1.70 4..98 1.87 0.80 2.97 5..88 3.27 1.29 7..69 3.97 2...95 0..62 0.86 5.85 5.06 0....32 6..92 6.42 5.27 1.49 4.23 2.26 2.02 0..34 5.82 6.18 4.81 0.47 6.52 3.39 2.59 2.66 2.11 3.95 1.69 9.45 3.49 1..26 5.53 7..38 5. use pressure of 7inches water column..64 4.79 1.15 7.18 1.81 5.29 2...82 1.71 0.47 3.54 3.82 3.33 5.31 5.98 1.19 7.62 8.07 4.76 5.47 5.33 6.83 1.82 2.08 4.12 3..49 2.87 0.91 4.69 5..69 1.24 3.99 5..97 6.88 4.82 4.03 2.67 1.64 4.06 5.17 6..40 1.93 4...52 4.46 4.31 3.45 1.15 0.97 1.20 8.35 1.75 0..64 3.59 3.56 2.68 6.88 3.58 2.67 0.00 6..05 2.97 0.23 0..67 7.97 7..17 0.56 ORIFICE DRILL SIZE 7" WC CFH 6" WC CFH 5" WC CFH 4" WC CFH 3 1/2" WC CFH 3" WC CFH 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 12.58 7...10 1.51 1.76 10.10 9.92 1.

47 166.54 90.48 72.42 65.92 91..86 81.81 208.62 120.15 190.87 154.50 106.19 84..00 115..69 109.62 111.57 81.02 93.16 182.44 189.02 159.11 211.11 73.99 114.24 136.07 96.85 144.21 132.93 101.57 89. specific gravity = 0..45 128.52 112.94 91.32 147.87 175.32 135.46 103..12 100.50 142.44 106.81 84.09 157..91 170....63 70..41 195.58 85.76 129..82 129.74 166...44 123.74 102.46 63.39 104.87 148..23 174.44 99.72 117.68 69.23 137.28 97.90 For appliances not equipped with an appliance regulator.43 78.18 149.31 112.69 77. use pressure of 7inches water column.64 75.58 136.86 88.50 130.13 169..62 125.64 73.96 154.09 92.37 98.34 60.84 119..91 125..49 71.24 118.34 162.02 90.41 101.75 154.67 109.25 108.80 NOTES: Discharge coefficient of orifice is 0.79 101.87 92..53 119.89 159..68 129.25 109.20 143.43 75.71 100...65 87.95 112.83 84.55 105.98 94..37 138.98 67.25 178.14 69.88 67.07 102..95 84.55 138.94 171..70 83. TABLE XV (continued) 104 .56 152.86 161.24 117..62 114.89 106.76 68.24 75.74 122.96 158.17 159.99 138.51 147.60 ORIFICE DRILL SIZE 7" WC CFH 6" WC CFH 5" WC CFH 4" WC CFH 3 1/2" WC CFH 3" WC CFH 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 225.51 63.16 110.60 123....62 124.46 140.36 79.88 180.31 127.07 146.99 133.91 133.22 95.24 143..71 148.64 89....41 116.ORIFICE CAPACITIES ..24 129.59 114.92 140...31 166.24 132..83 94.24 65.70 121.60 58.78 78.77 80.03 108.00 150..82 95.76 92.25 121.85 82.37 77..11 103.57 97.49 196.75 125.80 181.38 119.21 86..

92 17.39 52.70 36.25 35.11 44.05 41.95 26.12 46..82 38.15 36.21 39..64 29.76 12.75 29.10 37.53 44.95 11.01 21.63 25.46 16.17 66.38 33.71 23.90 12.68 25.25 22.45 62.74 11.09 64.60 42.08 27.49 45.94 16.72 32.70 16.92 24.78 24..20 49...25 46.33 29.65 50.56 37.15 72..03 29.. TABLE XV (continued) 105 .34 41.12 13.33 13.45 20.04 34..10 21.16 30..80 40.30 53.21 22.28 55.06 18..18 14..71 38.49 36..34 39..46 17.03 8.17 28.70 49.29 39.10 31..71 13.92 60.41 48.55 21.44 46.38 49.33 15.07 74.20 34.15 19..78 40.ORIFICE CAPACITIES ..91 52.89 41..13 33.44 10.09 41.59 37.02 16..15 57.18 67.80 22.29 24.95 51...08 18.60 24.23 19.74 33.94 34.88 34.60 ORIFICE DRILL SIZE 7" WC CFH 6" WC CFH 5" WC CFH 4" WC CFH 3 1/2" WC CFH 3" WC CFH 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 85.01 13.12 79.52 39.48 15. use pressure of 7inches water column.21 26.57 39.00 22.42 31.84 9.73 53.65 18.77 12.01 47.45 14.29 32.19 12.17 18..07 24....07 31.47 16.56 54..74 37.74 32.03 23.39 26..23 26.37 52. specific gravity = 0.40 80.13 24..01 28.17 21..05 14.42 30.36 58.29 32...90 For appliances not equipped with an appliance regulator.56 60.74 45..13 35.97 19.96 35.46 20.87 17.92 37.11 71.28 55..39 15.65 20.59 9.27 41.20 28..98 27.59 NOTES: Discharge coefficient of orifice is 0.39 56.39 19.52 17.40 28..59 17...14 44.21 11..48 43.70 60..81 44..54 30.58 20.66 26.36 10.11 28.

01 7.05 1. TABLE XV (continued) 106 .05 5.66 5.40 2.03 0.22 0.75 3.40 5.77 5.85 3.19 1....44 1.28 5..71 2.07 6...65 6.94 0.92 1.11 0.88 7.63 1.79 2..77 6.16 3.40 1.79 10.56 7.62 5...79 5.55 1..73 1.77 0.10 5.67 3.22 1.75 3.33 3.98 3.78 0.35 1.60 8.24 4.76 1.25 5.52 NOTES: Discharge coefficient of orifice is 0.60 0.42 6.73 4.47 3..57 5..97 3.15 2.48 4.30 4.88 3.64 0.50 5.93 2.64 7.69 0.01 4.61 2.73 9.90 4.42 4.36 4.61 5.29 2.86 5.77 1.08 6.25 1.93 5.19 3.71 2..43 4..09 2.41 7.91 1..15 5..52 3.51 2.44 1.84 0..24 4.67 7.15 4.88 1.06 0..45 6.28 6..82 8.73 0.54 4.12 2.91 1.99 0.60 1.42 3..84 0.74 6..42 2.35 3.. specific gravity = 0.49 5.57 2.18 0.73 2..76 4.69 9.30 1.10 3.61 1.24 5..98 4.71 4.21 2.01 3.74 4.36 8..07 1.84 7.48 3.31 1.13 5.00 4.91 4.91 0..47 2.69 3.46 1.66 4.26 6..91 6.66 1..14 2.93 6.20 4.03 1. use pressure of 7inches water column.67 8.09 3.92 0.13 0.13 2...59 6..31 2..31 4.77 1.11 1....94 2.87 2.40 2.90 For appliances not equipped with an appliance regulator..56 3...49 2.85 1.60 ORIFICE DRILL SIZE 7" WC CFH 6" WC CFH 5" WC CFH 4" WC CFH 3 1/2" WC CFH 3" WC CFH 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 11.ORIFICE CAPACITIES ..90 2.

39 62.67 167.12 104.39 101...44 95..21 93.56 138.81 107.04 110..27 146.17 74.79 97..72 83.45 208.33 156.60 94.66 112.37 110.62 178.62 57..58 127.67 136.28 166.68 163.47 81.08 76.77 103....51 121.38 74.21 119.66 127.05 113.66 102.45 76..21 125....09 99..84 163.25 71..03 130.38 83.61 67.69 119.40 83.30 134.06 88.33 91.55 91.70 120.00 101.14 88..31 81.31 59.61 103.84 72.86 140.54 117.68 104.79 141.32 157.15 64..63 159.90 For appliances not equipped with an appliance regulator.43 107...17 151.97 136..13 138.05 193.27 152.90 134.21 106.38 90.45 142.46 115..24 99.73 99.42 79.04 98.51 122.79 123.44 62.05 149.39 92.ORIFICE CAPACITIES .49 88.. use pressure of 7inches water column.16 86.95 68.58 118.00 134.59 147.50 147.16 175.02 192.52 82.91 172...30 172.46 155.43 107.84 NOTES: Discharge coefficient of orifice is 0.48 80..03 133.36 87.41 71.62 123.35 205..65 131.36 117.41 99.52 68.51 123.88 107.20 126.62 ORIFICE DRILL SIZE 7" WC CFH 6" WC CFH 5" WC CFH 4" WC CFH 3 1/2" WC CFH 3" WC CFH 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 1 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 221.84 66.99 78.79 156..27 116.. specific gravity = 0.31 64.74 66.07 112..63 95.90 96.39 90.72 97..37 76.48 127.09 127.44 92.56 164..45 69.09 179.97 130.08 140.39 152.19 91.77 131. TABLE XV (continued) 107 .19 145.40 157.80 187.82 117.34 100.10 76.72 105.27 115.20 80.90 177..47 144.28 108.13 84.09 168.20 93.78 116.04 88..12 136.85 145...15 159.25 186.33 128.29 70...37 121..74 85.66 110.96 74.63 143.75 109.71 112..

98 44.89 39.61 47..41 51.30 22..20 23.73 20.25 24.37 43.15 28.23 29.29 61.79 53.86 36.95 71.78 72.19 31.08 12..93 26.64 30..04 19.84 38..66 34.34 57..02 40.80 21.54 12.95 36.11 19.33 17.59 46.65 21.18 15.19 20.67 12.62 39.70 43.84 18.92 27.96 11.28 20.49 28..26 9.81 70.41 55.08 56.91 63.41 16.40 9.16 10...33 54.12 14.19 15.53 11.56 33.82 21.62 ORIFICE DRILL SIZE 7" WC CFH 6" WC CFH 5" WC CFH 4" WC CFH 3 1/2" WC CFH 3" WC CFH 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 84.35 34.15 17.88 13.90 30.60 59..92 37.50 31.01 78.08 50.86 24.92 13..96 65.61 22.63 40.09 20..19 16..12 39..77 25. specific gravity = 0..72 49.35 23.84 48.08 35..29 17.53 48.17 26.07 14.25 19..88 42.75 18.62 22.84 28.40 52. use pressure of 7inches water column..91 77.26 33.54 38.45 NOTES: Discharge coefficient of orifice is 0.77 13.17 32.37 33.53 35.87 8..00 51. TABLE XV (continued) 108 ..51 59.81 19.ORIFICE CAPACITIES .21 17.53 12.50 51.12 36..74 10.00 11..51 26.50 23.61 17.07 37..81 33.76 59.56 31..18 14.20 40.45 45.77 26.47 37.34 41.51 28.57 53.74 31..75 18.13 55...72 27.39 22.33 46.53 34.37 43...55 40.70 44....05 43.03 29.91 29.66 9.71 24.88 19.16 37.27 37...17 31.65 16.00 66.90 For appliances not equipped with an appliance regulator..62 26.14 46.69 38..64 27.73 15.17 25.56 17.43 34.38 40..78 14.47 13.74 42.73 31..51 25.68 28.85 22..61 34.63 24.36 48.63 18.

90 2.51 NOTES: Discharge coefficient of orifice is 0.38 2.58 4.62 ORIFICE DRILL SIZE 7" WC CFH 6" WC CFH 5" WC CFH 4" WC CFH 3 1/2" WC CFH 3" WC CFH 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 11..52 5.17 3.51 3.85 2. specific gravity = 0.27 2.82 3.72 7.21 7.63 0.88 1.69 4..46 4...58 1.50 9.41 4.78 6.63 1.66 6.88 2.97 0.89 1..53 2.72 9.48 6.53 7...42 1..04 0.63 6.25 2.03 3..41 1.16 6..00 5.19 1.41 5.29 6..67 2.71 0.11 4.30 3..74 1..ORIFICE CAPACITIES ..59 0.42 3.69 6.74 1.08 2.16 4.82 2.95 6.04 1.23 1.85 1.82 1.96 5.18 2.88 1.20 0.82 4.09 2.29 1.69 5.79 3.53 6..09 0.83 4.00 1.36 3.15 5.13 6.04 3..28 3.....70 1.15 4..69 3.63 3..38 1.66 2.59 1.68 2.76 5.59 8.66 8.45 2.51 7.83 5...31 5.90 For appliances not equipped with an appliance regulator.88 7.82 6.67 4.93 4.40 5..33 1..05 5..95 5. TABLE XV (continued) 109 ..92 0..68 0.82 0.76 0.90 0.65 4.34 2. use pressure of 7inches water column.16 0.16 1.65 8.57 5..51 5.12 3.28 1.69 3..10 2.24 4.53 1.07 1.92 4.44 1.90 3.....90 4.94 3.01 1.07 2.60 1.47 2.89 0..43 2.92 3.68 5.01 0.73 1.35 6.36 4.57 2.09 3.06 4.22 4.61 3.36 2.48 5.83 0.29 4.55 7.35 4..11 0..77 0.20 4..41 3.31 6.03 5.64 4.04 2.78 10.46 3.75 2.

is 8 body feet or more in width and 40 body feet or more in length or when erected on site is 320 or more square feet and is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities. AND PARK TRAILER 1. 2. which in the traveling mode. Building additions to modular and mobile homes are also governed by local building codes. and includes the plumbing. NOTE: Each manufactured home shall have a tag of 3 inches by 1 3/4 inches minimum size permanently attached to the exterior skin at or near each gas supply connection or the end of the pipe. Page 111 or Figure 13. Manufactured homes may be connected to the natural gas system if tagged for combination use. See Figure 12. Page 111. If above specifications are not met consult manufacturer’s tag on home or contact Manufactured Housing Division of the State for approval to convert to natural gas. heating. transportable in one or more sections.SECTION IX MANUFACTURED HOME (MOBILE HOME). The structure is not designed to be moved once erected or installed on a sitebuilt permanent foundation. MANUFACTURED HOME (Mobile Home): A structure. Modular and site-built homes are constructed to the same building code required by the state. air-conditioning and electrical systems contained therein. Page 111. which reads (combination LP-gas and natural gas system) depending upon the fuel used. Mobile homes are built under the Federal Standard (Part 3280 CFR) in accordance with HUD’s Construction and Maintenance standards. 110 . See Figure 12. MODULAR HOMES: Modular homes designed only for erection or installation on a site-built permanent foundation. MODULAR HOME.

000 BTUH Before turning on gas.COMBINATION LP-GAS AND NATURAL GAS SYSTEM This gas piping system is designed for use of either liquefied petroleum gas or natural gas. After turning on gas. When connecting to sit outlet. all appliance valves are turned off.000 BTUH Before turning on gas. use a listed gas supply connector rated at 100. DO NOT CONNECT NATURAL GAS TO THIS SYSTEM. use a listed gas supply connector rated at 100. FIGURE 14 111 . test gas piping and connections to appliances for leakage with soapy water or bubble solution and light all pilots. test gas piping and connections to appliances for leakage with soapy water or bubble solution and light all pilots. When connecting to site outlet. NOTICE: BEFORE TURNING ON GAS BE CERTAIN APPLIANCES ARE DESIGNED FOR THE GAS CONNECTED AND ARE EQUIPPED WITH CORRECT ORIFICES. CONTAINER SHUT-OFF VALVES SHALL BE CLOSED DURING TRANSIT. After turning on gas. and any unconnected outlets are capped. and any unconnected outlets are capped.000 BTUH or more 250.000 BTUH or more 250. make certain all gas connections have been made tight. SECURELY CAP THIS INLET WHEN NOT CONNECTED FOR USE. make certain all gas connections have been made tight. FIGURE 13 LP-GAS SYSTEM This gas piping system is designed for use of liquefied petroleum gas only. all appliance valves are turned off.

park trailer. The basic entities are: travel trailer. The flexible connector must not exceed 6 feet in length and be 112 . truck camper. A gas piping lateral terminating in a mobile home lot where the riser is surrounded by a concrete slab. RECREATION VEHICLE: A vehicular type unit primarily designed for recreational camping. Recreation vehicles cannot be connected to the natural gas system. folding camping trailer. The gas piping supply system shall not exceed 14 inches water column (½ psi) and not less than 7 inches water column. is not continuous with any other concrete slab and is used for stabilizing other utility connections. installation and piping material. travel or seasonal use which has its own mode of power or is mounted on or towed by another vehicle.75. shall not be required to be installed in a conduit. GAS PIPING: The mobile home must be supported on all four corners in a manner which will permit safe installation of a house piping connection. for a mobile home shall be three-quarters (3/4) inch. 4. Refer to Section III of this Good Practice Book for proper sizing.3. The minimum size of piping outlet at the gas supply or meter connection. provided the concrete slab is entirely outside the wall line of the mobile home. The mobile home fuel line piping shall extend outside the mobile home skirting and shall be connected to the meter set outlet using an approved rubber coated outdoor flex connector listed for use on a mobile home conforming to TSC-9 standard or ANSI Z21. motor home and multi-use vehicles.

a shut-off valve and an approved outdoor rubber coated flex connector conforming to TSC-9 standard. All points of crossover shall be accessible from the exterior of the mobile home.75 or a quick disconnect device. the design and construction of the crossover may be solid pipe. 113 . The customer shall supply the locks. kept locked off at all times and the open end of the connector plugged or capped when gas is not being supplied to the mobile home.sized to adequately supply the total demand of the connected mobile home. All materials used for gas piping shall be new and free from defects. The shut-off valve or quick disconnect device fitting shall be installed on the SUPPLY side of the gas system ahead of the point of crossover. a shut-off valve of the locking type shall be installed upstream of the flexible connector on the gas riser to the mobile home. Where a mobile home is located in a mobile home park and served by a master meter. or ANSI Z21. Where fuel gas piping is to be installed in both portions of an expandable or multiple unit mobile home. The service line valve is to be turned on by qualified individual only. solid pipe with a shut-off valve and a ground joint union. The gas piping outlet from the meter shall be installed in a proper and secure manner.

CROSSOVER for a MANUFACTURED HOME EXAMPLES range DOUBLE WIDE MANUFACTURED HOME FLEX CONNECTOR or UNION w/ SHUTOFF VALVE * ALL POINTS OF CROSSOVER MUST BE ACCESSIBLE SOLID PIPE or QUICK DISCONNECT furnace water heater FLEX CONNECTOR FUEL LINE SOLID PIPE OPTIONS FOR PIPING THE CROSSOVER 1) Use solid pipe 2) Use an approved shut-off valve when using a union or flex connector 3) Quick disconnect meter FIGURE 15 Valves . 114 .A shut-off valve shall be installed in the fuel piping at each appliance inside the mobile home structure. upstream of the union or connector in addition to any valve on the appliance and so arranged to be accessible to permit servicing of the appliance and removal of its components. The shut-off valve shall be located within 6 feet of a cooking appliance and within 3 feet of any other appliance.

which may be accessible from inside the mobile home by opening a door or removing an access panel or other opening into the enclosure.The installation of each appliance shall conform to the terms of its listing and the manufacturer’s instructions. 6.all openings in the gas piping system shall be closed gas tight with threaded pipe plugs or pipe caps when not in use. bonding is acceptable.All gas piping shall be adequately supported by galvanized or equivalently protected metal straps or hangers at intervals of not more than 4 feet. Combustion air inlets and flue gas outlets shall be listed or certified as components of the appliance. The fuel line shall be considered properly bonded when the fuel line is connected to the terminal on the chassis by clamps. ovens and clothes dryers.Gas Piping System Openings . 5. Electrical grounding of fuel line is unacceptable. APPLIANCE INSTALLATION . shall be installed to provide for the complete separation of the combustion system from the interior atmosphere of the mobile home. except where adequate support and protection is provided by structural members. Hangers and Supports . Solid iron pipe gas supply connection(s) shall be rigidly anchored to a structural member within 6 inches of the supply connection(s). All fuel burning appliances except ranges.No exhaust or venting shall terminate beneath the mobile home. solder-less connectors or suitable grounding type straps. Venting system terminations shall not be less than three feet from any motor driven air intake discharging into habital areas. VENTING . The required separation may be obtained by: (1) The installation of direct vent system (sealed combustion system) appliances. 115 .

7. Derating of appliances: BTUs X Multiplier divided by heat content = CFH Example 120. All gas appliances shall conform to the minimum standards and recommendations as contained in this booklet.78) Vent Tables: Minimum for Vent Tables: BTUs X multiplier (125. removable access panel or other opening into the enclosure from the inside of the mobile home.000 X . There shall not be any door. – 5. Any opening for ducts. CONVERSION OF APPLIANCES LOCATED IN MOBILE HOMES: When changing from LP gas to natural gas the LP tank must be disconnected and plugged before natural gas will be turned into the mobile home gas lines.7 cfh) 116 .83 = 103.225 minus 1.83 divided by 890 = 111.9 cfh Formula for multiplier factor (Example 5625 ft. shall be sealed.000 X . Fuel-burning appliances shall not be converted from one fuel to another fuel unless converted in accordance with the terms of their listing and the appliance manufacturer’s instructions. = -. etc.(2) The installation of appliances within enclosures so which separate the appliance combustion system and venting system from the interior atmosphere of the manufactured home. wiring.04 = . all applicable local laws or ordinances and with the most recent standards and the Manufactured Home Construction & Safety Standards 3280 CFR.625 X . piping.

for manifold prior to common vent Reduce 10% .if corrugated liner in chimney Reduce 20% . piping supports for mobile homes = 4 ft Combustion Air Grill Sizing: To size grill – Total BTUs divided by .32” X 28” = 896 X .for horizontal length exceeding length (1 ½ times diameter) Reduce 20% .06" X 7 = 49.25 (wood) To figure free area in grills – times by .12” X 11” grill = 132 X .75 (metal) .for each 90 degree elbow over 2 ells Reduce 10% .75 (metal) .48") In no case shall the vent connector be up sized more than 2 consecutive table size diameters Flexible Vent Connectors & Liners: (ALL vent pipes have a 1" clearances form combustibles) Z Flex – (2 types) single wall size off single wall chart.for 2.75 = 99 sq” of free area through grill Wood door example . double wall size off double wall chart Metal Fab – sized off the single wall chart Tru-Flex – sized off the double wall chart per manufacture Flexi-Liner – common vent chimney liner only Piping supports: Horizontal: ½” = 6 ft.25 (wood) Example ..25 = 224 sq” of free area through louver 117 .if common vent has 90 degree angle (offset cannot exceed 1 ½ times the diameter of the common vent) Vertical flues cannot exceed 7 times the smallest vent collar (example – 3" = 7. 1 ¼” & larger = 10 ft Vertical: 1 ¼” & larger every floor. double wall size off double wall chart Ameri-Vent – (2 types) single wall size off single wall chart.Vent Table Reductions: (minus for the maximum capacity) Reduce 10% . 45 degree angles in common vent Reduce 10% . ¾” & 1" = 8 ft.

3709 Formula for square inches in a round duct: Diameter 2 (D 2) x .22 140 ppm (CO reading) x 2.Combustion Air for Industrial: BTUs divided by 10.4 = 2.02) Example: 20.4 20.000 = 500 X 2.000 divided by 890 = 140.4 cfh) X CO = CO Air Free 118 .166 cu ft Or BTUs divided by 4000 = CFM divided by 300 = square Ft of Air Adequate Volume: To determine if confirmed space 1/50 rule Total BTUs divided by 1000 X 50 = CU ft of air required (minimum) Total of 150.0586.000 divided by 10.000.000 X 2.22 = 310.5 = 1250 divided by 300 = 4. 5 lbs = 1. divided by # of seconds = CFH 60 X 60 X dial size X multiplier.5 divided by 300 = square Ft of Air Needed Example – 5.9 – 11.7854 = X of square inches in duct CO Air Free Formula: 20. 2 lbs = 1.9 (20. divided by CFH = # of seconds Pressure Factors for SLC: 1 lb = 1.9 .8 ppm air free CFH for pipe sizing = BTUs divided by heat content of gas (125.5 (oxygen reading) = 9.1366.9 divided by 9.000 BTUs 150 X 50 = 7500 of cubic feet needed Area size example = 12’ X 15’ X 18’ = 1440 cubic feet Clocking Meters: 60 X 60 X dial size divided by # of seconds = CFH 60 X 60 X dial size divided by CFH = # of seconds Pressure Sets 60 X 60 X dial size X multiplier.

......... 91 AGA ................................... (10) 91 Automatic Pilot Device ...................................................... (9) Appliance Installation ................ 63 Ambient Temperature .............................................................................................. 46 Appliance Connectors .................................................................. (9) Automatic Pilot ............. 84 Adjustment of Primary Air .................................................. 48 Appliance Installed in Garages .................. 84 Appliance Requiring Venting ............................................................................................... 84 Adjustment of Burner Input .... 62 Air Supply from Crawl Space ............................................... (9) 46 Adequate Volume (for combustion air) ..................................... 47 Appliance Location ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 59 Air Supply .............. (9) Appliance ................... 64 Air Supply from Inside Building .................... (10) Automatic Valves ......................................................................... (9) Air for Combustion .................................................................................. (9) Appliance Accessibility ....................................................................................................................................... 61 Air Supply Horizontally ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................115 Appliance Installation in Mobile Homes ............................................. (9) Air Supply from Attic ................ (9) Air Shutter ...................................................................................................................... 91 Adjustment of Appliance Rating .......... 46 Appliance Rating ................................................................................................................................................................ 46............................One Opening .....115 Appliance in Bedrooms or Bathrooms ............ 46 Automatic Gas Valve ............... (9) Atmospheric Vents .........................................................................INDEX ( ) REPRESENTS THE DEFINITION Page Accessible ...................... 80 119 ......................................... 57 Adjustment of Burners ............................... 65 Approved .................................................................... 54 Air Mixer .................................................................................... 80 Automatic Ignition ................................. 36 Appliance Fuel Connector ................. 82 Attic ..

INDEX
( ) REPRESENTS THE DEFINITION

Page

Baffle ............................................................................... (10) 67 Barbecues .............................................................................. 34 Bathrooms .............................................................................. 48 Bedrooms ............................................................................... 48 Boilers ........................................................................ (10) 50, 82 Bonding ............................................................................... (10) Branch Line .......................................................................... (10) Brick Chimneys ...................................................................... 74 Btu Rating ....................................................................... (10) 87 Burner ............................................................................. (10-11) Burner Adjustment ................................................................. 84 Burner Input, Checking & Adjusting ..................................... 91 Category I Venting ................................................................. 71 Category II, III, IV Venting .................................................... 71 Cathodic Protection ............................................................... 32 Central Heating Gas Appliance ............................................ (11) Checking Automatic Pilot ....................................................... 91 Checking Draft ....................................................................... 92 Chimney Termination ............................................................. 72 Chimneys ........................................................................ (11) 67 Chimney Sizing ...................................................................... 68 Circuit ................................................................................... (11) Clearances .......................................................................... 46,66 Clocking Meter .......................................................... 85, 95-100 Closet ..................................................................................... 54 Clothes Dryer ......................................................................... 52 Combustible Material ........................................................... (11) Combustion .......................................................................... (12) Combustion Air ............................................................... (12) 54 Combustion Air Ducts ........................................................... 54 Commercial Clothes Dryer ...................................................... 53 Compound (pipe thread) ........................................................ 31 Concealed ............................................................................ (12) Concealed Piping and Fittings ............................................... 33 Condensate .......................................................................... (12)
120

INDEX
( ) REPRESENTS THE DEFINITION

Page

Condensing Appliance ........................................................ (12) Confined Space ............................................................... (12) 58 Connectors (gas) ................................................................... 36 Connectors (vent) .................................................................. 66 Controls .......................................................................... (12) 80 Conversion Burners ............................................................. (12) Crawl Space .................................................................. 46,56, 61 CSST (Corrugated Stainless Steel Tubing) ..................... (11) 30 Cubic Foot of Gas ................................................................ (12) Damper ............................................................................... (13) Decatherm ........................................................................... (13) Decorative Appliance ...................................................... (13) 51 Defective Pipe ........................................................................ 30 Definitions ............................................................................... 9 Demand ................................................................................ (13) Deration Factors ................................................................ 87-90 Dilution Air .......................................................................... (13) Direct Vent Appliance ................................................. (13) 48,73 Direct Vent Termination (non-mechanical) ............................. 73 Direct Venting ........................................................................ 74 Draft ....................................................................................... 92 Draft Hoods .................................................................... (13) 65 Dual Mobile Homes ..............................................................114 Ducts ..................................................................................... 54 Electrical Ground ...................................................................115 Elevated Pressure ................................................................. (13) Equipment Location ........................................................... 59-64 Equivalent Hydraulic Diameter (EHD) .................................. (13) Excess Air ............................................................................. (14) Exhaust Ducts ........................................................................ 52 Exhaust Fans .......................................................................... 47

121

INDEX
( ) REPRESENTS THE DEFINITION

Page

Fireplaces ............................................................................... 47 Fittings ................................................................................... 33 Flame Safe Guard ................................................................. (14) Flames .................................................................................. (14) Flammable Vapors .................................................................. 48 Flexible Connectors .................................................... 36,112,113 Floor Furnaces ....................................................................... 49 Flue Gases ............................................................................ (14) Forced Air Type Central Furnace ......................................... (14) Fuel Line .............................................................................. (14) Fuel Line Sizing ...................................................................... 38 Garages .................................................................................. 47 Gas Hose .............................................................................. (15) Gas Logs ................................................................................ 51 Gas Piping .............................................................. (15)8, 38,112 Gas Piping Installation ..................................................... 26,112 Gas Piping Material ................................................................ 29 Gas Piping System ................................................................ 112 Gas Ranges ............................................................................ 52 Gas Vent, Bleed ...................................................................... 82 Gas Vent/Chimney Termination .............................................. 72 General Safety Precautions ...................................................... 8 General Statement .................................................................... 7 Gravity Type Warm-Air Furnace .......................................... (14) Grilles and Louvers ................................................................ 56 Hazardous Locations ...................................................... (16) 48 Heaters ................................................................................... 49 Heating Value ....................................................................... (16) Horizontal Combustion Air Ducts .......................................... 64 Individual Main Burner Valve .............................................. (16)

122

............................................................................................................................................ 47 Installation Instructions ...................................................................................................................................................... 26 Meter Set ........................................................................................................................... 35 Microampere ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 92 Leak Limiting Devices .................................................. 74 Materials ................................................................................................................. (17) Manufactured Home ......... 35 Meter Location .........................................................91 Masonry Chimneys ............ (16) Main Burner Control Valve ......................... 47 Meter .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Page ( ) REPRESENTS THE DEFINITION Installation ..................................... (17) Meter Dial Test Time ............................................................ (17) 54 Malleable Iron ................................ (16)50 Louvers and Grilles ....... 56 LP Gas ... (16)81 Limit Controls ..................................................................... 92 Instructions to Customers ......31................. (17) 123 ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 27 Meter Spot Test .......... 81 Listed Vent Caps .............. 31...........................................111 Main Burner ..... 8....................................................................................................92 Installation in Garages ................................................................... 72 Log Lighters .. 29 Manifold .............................................................. (16) Make-up Air .......................110 Manufacturers Installation Instructions ......................................................... (17) Manometer ...................................................................................IINDEX ............................................. 41 Mechanical Draft System ..... 29 Maximum Capacities . 26................... (17) Manual Main Shut-off Valve .................................. (16) Line Gas Pressure Regulators . (17) 73 Mechanical Exhausting ................ 26 Meter/Riser Protection .

... (21) Pressure Tests ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... (21) Pressure Drop ............................................... 92 Orifice ................ 112-113 Mobile Home Gas Piping ........................................... (20) Power Exhauster ........... (17) Mixer .......................................................... 29 Pipe Sizing ...................................................................................... 110 Mobile Home Conversions ............................................................................................ 112 Plastic Pipe Material ..................................................... 41-42 Pipe Materials ............................................................................................................................................................ 29 Piping Installation ........................................................... (17) Mobile Home ........................................................................................................................... (20) Pipe Capacity ............. 116 Mobile Home Gas Connection and Turn-on ...............................INDEX ( ) REPRESENTS THE DEFINITION Page Milliampere ................................................................................................................................................ 29 Plenum ............ (20) 91 Pilot Generator ........ (18-20) Operating Instructions ..................................................... 59 Oxygen Depletion Safety Shut-Off (ODS) ...................................................................................... 26 Piping Support ........................................... 32 Piping System ...................... 7 124 ........................................................................ 34 Primary Air Adjustment .......... 112 Modular Homes ............................................................................................................................................. (20) Orifice Capacities ............................................................... 91 Problems Not Covered .............................................110 Multiple Meters ........................................................................... (21) Pressure Relief Valves ................................................................ (20) 51 Pilot .......................................................................................................................................... 101-109 Orifice Spud .. (20) Orifice Cap ... 28 Occupancies ............. (20) Outside Air .................................................................................................. (17) Millivolt ..................................................................................... 38 Piping Plan .........................

......... (22) 33 Sizing House Piping System .................................................................................................................................. 75 Protective Devices ......................................................................................... (22) Service Connection .................................................... 68 Solid Fuel .........................................................112 Refrigerators ............................................................................ 84 Prohibited Installation ............ (22) 125 .......................................................... (21) Quick Disconnect Device .................... 38 Sizing Vent Connectors ..... 26....................................... 57 Regulators ....................................... 48 Special Conditions ........................................ 8 Secondary Air .......................................................................29 Room Heaters .............................. 52 Recreation Vehicles .......................................................................................................................... 92 Purge ......................... 26 Service Piping ........................................................................................ 82 Relief Opening .................... 50 Risers ................. 47 Specific Gravity ................................................................................ 38 Required Gas Supply ....................................................................................................................................................... 27 Service Line Location .......................................................................................................... (21) Safety Precautions ............................................................................ 37 Required Venting ............... (22) Shut-off Valves ............................................................................................................................ (22) Semi-Rigid Tubing ...................................................... 65 Residential Boilers ............INDEX ( ) REPRESENTS THE DEFINITION Page Procedure ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... (21) Required Gas Piping Size ............................................ (21) Ranges ....................................... (21) 80 Relief Lines for Boilers ....... 68 Sizing Vertical Vents or Chimneys ....

50 Valves ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ (23-24) Unconfined Space .................. 49 Telephone Number ..................................................................................................... (24) Vent Connector .................................................................................................................................................................... (24) Vent Connector and Vertical Vent Sizing ....... “BW”...... 7........................ (23) 49 Unsafe ............. 70 Vent Dampers ......................................................................... 29 Tubing ................................................................................................INDEX ( ) REPRESENTS THE DEFINITION Page Spot Test .............................................84 Unusually Tight Construction ............................ 1 Temperature and Pressure Relief Device .................................................................. “B”......................... (24) Vent Wall Furnaces .... (22-23) 48... (22) Thermostat ........................................................................................................ 80 Vent ............................................................................................................................. 29 Unions ................. 71 Vent Sizes ................... 35 Support ........................ 69 Vent Connector Sizing ......................................................................... (23) Unvented Room Heaters .................................................................................. 67 Vent Installation ..................................................................... 32 Suspended Unit Heater ............ 58 Underground Piping ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... “C” Vents ........ 33 Unit Heaters ................ 65 Vent/Chimney Termination ............... 68 Vent System ...........72-73 Vent Collar ......... (22) Termination . 66 Vent and Vent Connector Material ............................................................. (23-24) Vent and Vent Connector Clearances ................... 34 Thermocouple ....................................................... 29 Type “A”................................................................... 72 Testing ....................................................................................... 49 126 .......................... (22) Tracer Wire .............................................................................

.................................... 31 127 ...... (14) 49 Water Heater ....... (25) Venting for Diaphragm Type Valves ............................................................. 82 Venting of MP Regulators ......................................................................... 49 Warm-Air Furnace ..................................................................................................................................................................................... 81 Vertical Combustion Air Ducts ......INDEX ( ) REPRESENTS THE DEFINITION Page Vented Appliance Category ..................................................................................................... (24-25) Ventilation Air .................................... 38 Workmanship ..................................................................... 57 Wall Furnaces ............................ (25) 51 Welded Joints ................. 60 Volume of Space ..............................................

128 .

129 .

130 .

131 .

132 .

133 .