You are on page 1of 5

Child abuse can be defined as intended or unintended harm to a child such as permitting any harmful or offensive contact on a child’s

body and any communication of any kind which is humiliates, shames or frightens the child by another person who may be parents, relatives or guardians. There are four major categories which are physical abuse, neglect, sexual abuse and emotional abuse. Physical abuse is the inflicting of physical injury upon a child. This may include, burning, hitting, punching, shaking, kicking, beating, or otherwise harming a child. Meanwhile, neglect is defined as failure to provide for the child’s basic needs. Neglect can be physical, educational, or emotional. Physical neglect can include not providing adequate food or clothing, appropriate medical care, supervision, or proper weather protection. It may also include abandonment. Educational neglect includes failure to provide appropriate schooling or special educational needs. Lastly, psychological neglect includes the lack of any emotional support and love, never attending to the child, spousal abuse, drug and alcohol abuse including allowing the child to participate in drug and alcohol use. Next, sexual abuse is inappropriate sexual behavior with a child. It includes fondling a child’s genitals, making the child fondle the adult’s genitals, intercourse, incest, rape, sodomy, exhibitionism and sexual exploitation. Commercial or other exploitation of a child refers to use of the child in work or other activities for the benefit of others which includes child labour and child prostitution. These activities are to the detriment of the child’s physical or mental health, education, spiritual, moral and social-emotional development. Last but not least is emotional abuse. It also known as verbal abuse, mental abuse, and psychological maltreatment that include acts or the failures to act by parents or caretakers that have caused or could cause serious behavioral, cognitive, emotional, or mental disorders. In addition, child abuse may cause a lot of consequences to the children. It will encourage the child to lie, resent, fear, and retaliate, instead of loving, trusting, and listening to others. Moreover, it also will alienate the child from his parents and the rest of his family besides make him a recluse. Abusing also may lower the child's self-esteem, and affect their psychological development and ability to behave normally outside his home. Therefore, this problem must be settled immediately to prevent the situation becomes worse. The cases in Malaysia are getting serious. According to the Social Welfare Department of Malaysia indicated each year at least 1,000 children in Malaysia are reported as victims. With high statistics of child abuse, children rights are taken away and children also lose the opportunity to live healthy and happily. It is a repulsive issue for the society and it would affect the image of the country. Furthermore, it is a big problem with a serious impact on the child's physical and mental health, well-being and development throughout their lives. Children should have the human rights of live free from violence, harm and exploitation. Nowadays, government has organized Child abuse prevention campaigns which help them escape from abuse and also educate the public to love the children. Children are the hope in the future of the country and the well-being of children is very important. There are few organization which included Protect and care the children (P.S the children), Malaysian Pediatric Association (MPA), Social Welfare Department of Malaysia, The Women's Aid Organization

they always concern about the issues of child abuse and try their best to give the best life for the children. everyone should takes actions to overcome the problem. . To sum it all up. The children are future leader in our country and they are innocent and have right or opportunity to stay healthy and happily. there is no doubt that the problem can be improved.(WAO) and The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). With cooperation of all parties. We should not let this situation happens again in the future. In addition. These organizations are playing important roles to protect the children.

This can include parents/caretakers using extreme and/or bizarre forms of punishment. or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm. and psychological maltreatment) Includes acts or the failures to act by parents or caretakers that have caused or could cause. sex.” A child of any age. or frightens the child. or emotional. shames. Physical neglect can include not providing adequate food or clothing. appropriate medical care. Emotional Abuse. or proper weather protection (heat or coats). or mental disorders. educational. but no less damaging are belittling or rejecting treatment. Some parents may not be able to cope with the stress resulting from the changes and may experience difficulty in caring for their children. Parents may be more likely to maltreat their children if they abuse drugs or alcohol."Child abuse" can be defined as causing or permitting any harmful or offensive contact on a child's body. and define child abuse as any act or omission. emotional. There are many factors that may contribute to the occurrence of child abuse and neglect. Some child development experts go a bit further. Neglect can be physical. and. any communication or transaction of any kind which humiliates. It may include abandonment. Less severe acts. Educational neglect includes failure to provide . emotional neglect) Emotional Abuse: (also known as: verbal abuse. Major types of child abuse are : Physical Abuse. such as confinement in a closet or dark room or being tied to a chair for long periods of time or threatening or terrorizing a child. any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker. sexual abuse or exploitation. cognitive. & Sexual child Abuse. and socioeconomic background can fall victim to child abuse and neglect. serious physical or emotional harm. habitual scapegoating or blaming. race.( Physical neglect. mental abuse. educational neglect. The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act defines child abuse and neglect as: “at a minimum. supervision. Neglect. serious behavioral. which fails to nurture or in the upbringing of the children. which results in death. Neglect: The failure to provide for the child’s basic needs. religion. using derogatory terms to describe the child.

burning. sodomy. Physical Abuse: The inflicting of physical injury upon a child. beating. When your child grows up. The parent or caretaker may not have intended to hurt the child. or spiritual. incest. or otherwise harming a child. it would be considered sexual assault and handled solely be the police and criminal courts. drug and alcohol abuse including allowing the child to participate in drug and alcohol use. the injury is not an accident. and retaliate. and abuse your grandchildren. making the child fondle the adult’s genitals. 3. shaking. Sexual Abuse: The inappropriate sexual behavior with a child. These activities are to the detriment of the child’s physical or mental health. Commercial or other exploitation of a child refers to use of the child in work or other activities for the benefit of others. allowing excessive truancies. moral or social-emotional development. however. education. intercourse. fear. It may. trusting. rape. a parent. hitting. child labour and child prostitution. exhibitionism and sexual exploitation. and listening 2.appropriate schooling or special educational needs. but is not limited to. This may include. Psychological neglect includes the lack of any emotional support and love. This includes. instead of loving. It includes fondling a child’s genitals. It will lower your child's self esteem. your child could probably carry on the family tradition. It will alienate your child from you and the rest of your family & make him a recluse. never attending to the child. and affect your child's psychological development and ability to behave normally outside his home. spousal abuse. been the result of over-discipline or physical punishment that is inappropriate to the child’s age. kicking. resent. punching. It will encourage your child to lie. Child abuse can have the following consequences : 1. 4. If a stranger commits these acts. or a daycare provider) or related to the child. To be considered child abuse these acts have to be committed by a person responsible for the care of a child (for example a baby-sitter. .

you might not be invited to your child's wedding.5. For example. or not be allowed any contact or relationship with your . Your child may exclude you from his adult life.