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About BIM The most common view on BIM, mainly by managers, is that it’s a 3-dimensional design of the built environment and it’s primarily used during the design and construction phases. This narrow focus is good for 3D modeling vendors, such as Autodesk Revit, but it’s not in line with the definition of BIM which is “Building Information Modeling is the process of generating and managing information about a building during its entire life cycle.” According to the US National Institute of Building Sciences (NIBS) BIM has a complete different scope: “The scope of Building Information Modeling (BIM) directly or indirectly affects all stakeholders supporting the capital facilities industry. BIM is a fundamentally different way of creating, using, and sharing building lifecycle data.” Brodie McAdam, (2010) said the following about BIM: “The technology enabling BIM as a process is an open standards-based collaborative business process targeting life-cycle and facility management. It includes: 3D (visualization); 4D (time-scheduling/life-cycle analysis); and 5D (cost-estimating/capital planning) which serve as a common, centralized repository/portal for all life-cycle building related information, from concept thru deconstruction”. As mentioned in the new UK consolidated Building Regulations which are effective since October1st 2010! The world around us is changing and on May the 3rd of 2011 New legislation (bouwbesluit 201s) was passed by the Dutch Government which will be active as of January 1st. This new legislation encourages companies in the Netherlands such as Royal Haskoning (RH) to certify for the issuing of building permits. Privatizing the permits in the construction industry from the issuing till regulation is new and as of 2014 the Dutch government wishes not to be in control as they used to be (http://www.bouwbesluitinfo.nl/). The Drivers for Change Since its birth of RH in 1881, Royal Haskoning has been working on civil engineering projects with a focus on coastal and river management. Through the ages we have been known for finding solutions for the water challenges facing us. The flood disaster of 1953 provided the impetus for the world famous Delta Works, which reshaped the flood protection in the entire southwestern part of the Netherlands. Our flood protection effort is not finished, but continues to be enhanced and improve in view of future climate changes. (http://www.haskoninginc.com) Until the beginning of the 80’s RH was one of the leading engineering advice bureaus in the Netherlands. The clientele was mainly government (public sector) and besides this also private investors (private sector). With the financial crises in the 80’s construction companies found that prices for work were under pressure because they mainly got contracts from engineering companies such as RH. The construction companies such as Volker Wessels, BAM, Heijmans and others altered their strategy to enable a more strategic approach which would result in construction companies hiring engineering instead of the other way round. It took until 1987 for the BAM to acknowledge the shift from private to
From the millennium until now RH has struggled with minimal net profit of 1 to 3%. Capital investments are required for new buildings and ongoing operational and reinvestment cost components are even greater. a decision-window where we face the danger of global collapse or the opportunity for global renewal. Economic and environmental changes enforce more focus on all aspects of the construction environment from planning. About 40% of the world’s energy and raw materials are used by buildings. (http://www. renewal. operations. Buildings are a major negative influencer on our environment and this becomes evident during a growing worldwide environmental and financial crisis. dry and wet waste. buildings contribute 40% of the carbon emissions and generate 20% of material waste to landfills. but mostly he’s right. Now we must realize that 5% of earth’s population flushes as much water down the toilet as the other 95% has available for drinking and the worrying thing is that it’s that we’re the 5% who’s making the decisions for the other 95.5% in the Netherlands and we must realize that during a holiday period the amount of traffic is 2% less which leads to disappearing traffic jams. The construction process is a major contributor to CO2 emissions.nl). repair. The BAM stated this in their 1987 annual report!.nl/research/RecordID/OND1304376 Economies are intertwined with buildings and infrastructure.narcis.public sector contracts and as a result prices went up. the financial stability of private and public organizations can be directly impacted by the quality of construction and also facility management practices. and has a huge impact on mobility and traffic. Now that’s about buildings. On the local level. It took another 10 years for RH to notice their prices were under pressure.duurzameenergiethuis. and disposal. http://www. At the same time. the clientele shifted from mainly public sector to private sector and net profit plummished. . Have you ever wondered how many people in the traffic jam is on their way to fixing something that was designed wrong? It’s estimated at 2. Ervin Laszlo: The chaos point The Economic and environmental crises the world is currently undergoing shows us that we’re at a critical junction in history. and you can say allot about Einstein. design. Buildings consume about 75% of the electricity and almost 50% of the total energy output. CO2 reduction in the construction industry has been on the agenda at the European parliament since 2003 (2002/91/EC) wich contains: Study into the impact of energy performance policy for new buildings by means of the Dutch situation Study into the possibilities of energy certification for existing construction enforcing the directive energy performance guideline. Yes the way we design traditionally leads to traffic jams! In the Netherlands Dura Vermeer and Imtech together plan logistics and work together which saves them 25% on energy just by aligning the processes of ordering en delivery. Einstein had a theory. construction. His theory is that you can’t change significant problems if you stay at the level of thinking when the problems were created. and now the prices are still under pressure.
the AEC sector has been unproductive primarily as a result of the practices of architects and engineers which often times lacked a quantitative cost engineering perspective. construction industry. Construction productivity has decreased over the past 40 years. it is dwarfed by the estimated 10-40% of non-value added labor and material waste associated with the approximate one trillion dollar U. and easily deployable technologies improve the AEC sector practices and performance metrics from initial concept through construction. Building owners and operators paid the bulk of these excess costs which included cost overruns spanning initial design. operation. repair. More building owners are insisting on improved business process integration and collaboration and the use of IPD (Integrated Project Delivery) as well as collaborative software tools. engineering and in the end facility management exceeds 6 billion euro annually. renewal. construction. . 4D/5D BIM (Building Information Modeling) integrated with more efficient Construction Delivery Methods such as IPD are underway to restructure the AEC industry. while productivity in virtually all other sector industries has increased significantly. and deconstruction. The use of standardized information. Only farming industry diminished due to globalization and sponsored farming. The AEC sector missed the reengineering practices while all other industries have implemented these new management theories. Also 30% or more of construction projects don’t meet budget or schedule. and ongoing facility operations and management.S. roadways. and utilities for example) in terms of competition for limited resources in a time of tumultuous economic change. The economic Impacts of an Unproductive AEC Sector As shown in this Figure. efficient and effective business processes.representing approximately 80% of a buildings total cost over its life. the AEC sector has been unproductive. the stability of economy and environment can be linked to buildings and physical infrastructure (bridges. On a global scale. These initiatives offer “transparency and collaboration for productivity” which until now has proved elusive to stakeholders. In many cases the annual expenditures required to operate and maintain the physical plant are second only to salary/benefit costs. Historically. A study estimated the financial loses attributed to the lack of interoperability between design. While this is a considerable sum.
BIM for. more collaborative Project Delivery Methods such as Integrated Project Delivery (IPD). and owners combined with the implementation of robust business practices will enable the AEC industry to significantly improve productivity. The adoption of robust business processes as well as systems integration of industry knowledge domains will be facilitated by information technology. and several other core competencies will converge to provide an actionable framework for professional collaboration. Or are we going to do the same as the early 80’s? Roland Daane .With technology. and the adoption of an associated Building Information Management Framework. The success of these processes and technology tools is totally dependent upon transformational changes regarding the ways in which AEC professionals deliver their products and services. Scandinavia and the United states. Now the question to RH is if we’re going to alter the way we design. the centralization and communication of information for architects. and to which its stakeholders can and must respond. will drive productivity gains within the Architectural. and the same is happening in the middle and Far East (EMEA). contractors. change as well as associated political issues. Engineering. engineer and construct according to the BIM fundamentals in a time that the UK government ommits policies to conduct BIM as from 2014. and increased productivity from capital planning through construction and downstream operations and maintenance. and Job Order Contracting (JOC). 3D/4D/5D Building Information Modeling (BIM). engineers. The current and potential impacts upon global climate. represent a clear and present danger to which the construction industry is a contributor. and Construction (AEC) sector.