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Car Maintenance Tips are very important for car owners to know. They are an essential part of having a car. Buying expensive cars does not guarantee excellent condition of the car throughout its life span, until and unless proper maintenance is carried out. Proper maintenance includes different parameters like maintenance of the car engine, the car body, the car tyres etc. These are specialized segments of the car and they need to be regularly maintained properly and at regular intervals as well. Otherwise, the car won't function properly. And if proper maintenance is done, then the car will have longevity and will also function properly. The following are the guidelines for proper car maintenance:
Going through the owner's manual properly can do car maintenance. The car should be serviced at regular intervals. Either in terms of time or kilometers run. The car should be washed everyday and kept clean. This goes for both the exterior and the interior. The mobile oil, the engine oil and break oil should be regularly checked and changed from time to time. For any kind of mechanical problem, the car should be taken to an authorized service station or to a reputed mechanic. If at any, given point of time, any spare parts are required, then it is always advisable to buy original spare parts rather than the cheap duplicate ones. The car battery should always be checked at regular intervals and the distill water level should be checked once every week. The coolant should also be checked once every week. The car tyres should be properly checked at regular intervals and the air pressure should be checked every two to three days. The break fluid and the clutch fluid should also be checked at regular intervals. During the rains, car wash service should be done properly and the anti-rust paint should be painted. The wheel alignment and balance should be checked at regular intervals. Lubricants should be used on all the doors and windows of the car at regular intervals to avoid jamming. In case if the rubber linings have got spoiled, then it should be changed. According to the owner's manual, the wheels should be rotated after certain period of time. The gear System and the gear oil should be regularly checked. The air- conditioning system should also be checked along with the cooling system of the car. The electrical system should also be checked.
CAR AIR CONDITIONER Car Air Conditioner is an integral part of the car. It is very important because of the fact that it provides ultimate satisfaction during the hot summer days and more so because India in general has very hot climatic conditions due to tropical climate. Thus, the car air conditioner has become a necessity. The essential components of a car air conditioner are:
The compressor The refrigerant gas The condenser The expansion valve The evaporator
The compressor is the most important part of the air conditioner. As the name suggests, the main function of the compressor is to compress the refrigerant gas and sent it to the condensing coils and this work is carried on through a pump. The refrigerant gas's function is to disseminate the heat and cool down in the process. Ultimately, it so happens that the gas is transformed into liquid state and it furthers the cooling process. The condenser is supposed to cool the refrigerant gas and condense it into the liquid state. The expansion valve is supposed to re-convert the liquid in to gas once again. This process leads to a high drop of temperature inside the evaporator The gas is then directed through the evaporator where a fan blower is attached to blow the cool air from the evaporator into the vents on the dashboard. And, finally into the car's inside. This process is a continuous cycle. The cool air inside once again gets re-channeled to the compressor, where the same process is carried all over again. However, after a certain degree of temperature is attained the thermostat shuts of the compressor for a certain period of time. And then the process starts all over again. The maintenance of the car air conditioner requires maintenance of its important components. The common problems are:
The level of the refrigerant gas must be checked from time to time. If the level of refrigerant gas is low, then the air conditioner will not work properly. Even any
the level should be checked. The following are the guidelines for car break maintenance: The break oil should be maintained and checked properly. They are related to safety as well. The coolant level should be checked at regular intervals and more frequently during summers. There could be problems with wiring or electrical switches or with the fuses etc. This system is responsible for maintaining or protecting the valuable engine of the car. The cooling system stops the car engine from overheating. possibility of a leakage must be checked as well. The pressure caps attached to the radiator should also be examined properly to ensure that the cap is not defective. The most important component of the cooling system is the coolant. then should be adjusted accordingly. Any failure or any kind of altercation can cause serious damage to the car and a lot of inconvenience for the car owner. The break pads and the break linings should always be checked at regular intervals to make sure that they are in proper shape. Hence. . CAR ELECTRICAL SYSTEM The Car Electrical System is as important as the nervous system of the human body. There are several mechanical problems attached with it as well. The cooling system accessories like its pipes and hoses should be checked for leakage or for mal-functioning at regular intervals. Accumulation of dust and dirt is a major problem though. Because failure of the breaking mechanism can be fatal and can cause destruction of life and property as well. CAR COOLING SYSTEM The Car Cooling System should be maintained with utmost importance. The coolant is a special kind of liquid used to cool the engine. Many a times it's seen that dirt or leaves getting accumulated near any of the important components of the air conditioner can make it dysfunctional totally. CAR BRAKES Car Brakes are another important aspect of car maintenance. Thus it is recommended that every time the car goes for servicing. Even the fan belt should be examined as well. Brakes should be checked and maintained on a very regular basis to ensure that accidents do not happen. The hand brake cables should also be maintained properly. if not. creating an obstacle for the entire system to function properly.
The different components of the electrical system are the battery. It is the driving force behind the proper functioning of the car. The oil pressure needs to be examined as well. CAR ENGINE Car Engine is the most important part of the car. If required they should be replaced as well. The battery should be maintained properly and checked regularly. The fuses should also be checked and maintained to make sure that the fuses do not blow up while the car is in motion and create inconvenience for everybody. the spark plug and the timing belt. Thus engine maintenance is of foremost importance. Engine oil is the most important component of the engine. The battery and the alternator should have to be in very good shape to ensure that there is no starting problem. Fuel used in the car should be of high quality. then the battery terminals should be removed. the old engine oil should always be changed with the new engine oil. the wiring. During servicing. It is highly recommended that driving a car without engine oil is highly unsafe and risky. Without the engine a car is just like any other toy car. The fan belt should also be examined properly as it is a very important part of the engine function. The other important components of the fuel system are the air filter. before a long drives. CAR FUEL SYSTEM Car Fuel System is another essential aspect of a car. The engine oil level should be regularly examined. the fuses etc. Even the maintenance of all these components is to be taken very seriously and needs to be examined at regular intervals. Low quality fuel if used can cause many serious problems for the car. the switches. If the car is not being in use. The fuses and the wiring are equally important as well. However. Especially. the fuel filter can become dirty and can cause problems. Normally as and when the speed . Until and unless the fuel is of high quality the mileage of the car will not be good. CAR_GEARS Car Gears are used to increase the speed of the car. The dipstick should always be used to ascertain the level of engine oil in the vehicle. For example. out of all of them the most important are the battery and the fuses. The water level of the battery should be maintained properly.
the tread alignment of the tyres and the wheel alignment & balance should always be perfect. Thus. CAR _TYRES Car Tyres are the balancing aspect of the car. as soon as the gear is shifted the foot should be immediately removed from the clutch plate. you get to understand your vehicle better and also get an idea on the scene of automobile repair in India. Even when you want to decrease the speed you need to shift down the gear to a lower level. They roll and make the car move. then for all the four wheels. A car is balanced on four wheels or tyres. So if you want to attain higher speed you have to shift to the next higher gear. AUTOMOBILE_ REPAIR Automobiles undergo wear and tear with the passage of time. But another important fact is that the clutch and the accelerator motion should be synchronized properly to ensure that the car is in motion. That is how the gear system works. radial tyres should be used. Car Tyres have other functions apart from balancing as well. For example. For example if the air pressure is low. the motion of the car will stop. if someone is using radial tyres. then the mileage will also be low. Normally cars in India have either four or five gears and a reverse gear. it will completely burn the clutch plate and hence spoil it completely. And those should be examined at regular intervals. Therefore. It can also be a cause of damages and accidents. It is an absolute necessity to maintain your car tyres properly to avoid accidents and unwanted situations. However. This particular factor varies from car to car according to the make.of the car increases the gears increase as well.com. It will also help you in identifying the core areas of trouble associated with your automobile and also provide the remedial measures to solve them. Improper or spoilt tyres can also spoil the suspension and the steering wheel balance of the car. Whenever gears are changed while driving it is necessary that the clutch be pressed at the same time as well. the gear oil should be checked and examined frequently to ensure smooth movement of the gears and at the same time the clutch plates should also be examined at proper intervals. As a result of this. According to the owner's manual the tyres should be rotated after a certain period of time. . Hence this proves the importance of the gear system in a car. Without proper synchronization. the car tire's air pressure. The air pressures of the tyres are also directly related to the mileage of the car. It is highly recommended that a particular kind of tyre should be uniformly used in a car. Therefore it becomes absolutely necessary for the owner to consult his cars manual before implementing that. Through automobileindia. Otherwise if the foot is kept on the plate while driving. automobiles require constant monitoring and repairs.
An integral part of any automobile is its brake. With the help of some basic maneuverings coupled with sound installations. You should always check the break fluid of your vehicle. The most common and simple battery repair that can be done is to clean its posts to ensure a quick start. may be termed as Car Kit. we notice common problems involving automobiles relates to their brakes. never take a chance with leaked brake fluid of your automobile and endanger your safety. it is the leaked engine oil. your own car might turn out to be a standalone amongst a multitude of other automobiles. the car might experience a state of sudden electrical halt. Such types of leaks are mostly common near the wheels. Installation of most of the car body kits is done with the help of screwdrivers and in some rare cases.One of the most common problems associated with repairs involving automobiles is the battery. be rest assured that it is nothing else. These Car Kits can be instrumental in making your automobile look cool and trendy. automobile batteries are very much susceptible to corrosions. special adhesives that can join the original bumper. At times. it is always advisable to get that checked by an automobile mechanic. This particular form of car kit is mainly used off . In case of their continual. which are meant to serve specific vehicular functions. you may yourself install them without any sort of hazards. you must call your mechanic. So. A problem involving brakes should always be given due importance as because your safety might be hampered if brake malfunctioning is overlooked. Installation of these car body kits is mostly done by the professional automobile mechanics. then most probably. Such leaks need quick repair because they may lead to failure of the brakes. if there is a major charging problem experienced by your car battery. if you get to see that the oil is reddish in colour and texture. in a broad sense. However. all the components which are involved in the normal functioning of a car. However. CAR KITS Car kits are generally the different gears or a specific set of tools. but the transmission fluid. They may vary from car body components to the car wheels. At times. However. So. which might lead to starting problems. If you notice that a significant amount of this fluid is being emitted every now and then. If your car battery is not powerful. seek for professional help from your mechanic. during some cases. even the brake fluid can get leaked. In such a case. Some other popular car body kits include the likes of grilles and LEDs. you need to wait for some days to see whether this type of emission continues or not. A very common car kit is the car bulb. At times you can add a few drops over the top to ensure that it is in running condition. Another very common problem associated with cars is fluid leakage. If you find the leak to be blackish and oily in nature. Moreover.
FUEL SAVING TIPS: Here are some tips to save your fuel and environment while driving a car: Accelerate properly through the gears to your desired speed. which are associated with it. The more colorful the bulb is. try to put top gear from around 60 kph and up and try to keep rpm between 2000 and 3000. In Hyundai cars. perhaps the most important car kit is the performance parts. these performance parts can add in the range of 1-100Hp depending upon the upgrading amount you wish to choose. Both these will help your cars engine to cool down even in extreme weather conditions. When you are driving. These are best known to us for adding requisite amount of horsepower to the car. They come in various sizes and you need to go though the application guide of such bulbs before you ultimately make your desired choice.roads. greater it will make your vehicle appealing. . You can also wish to use performance pulley (a widely used car kit) in your vehicle and Turbo Timers simultaneously. Such car kits will surely enhance your cars compatibility as well as make driving a treat for you. the speed of your car is enhanced by leaps and bounds. However. You may also find an online guide for this particular form of car kit. As a result of this.
stereo and air-conditioning also cost more fuel. this clutch driving will burn more fuel. WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT CAR: ENGINE . Your foot should not rest on the clutch paddle while driving the car. If you are in jam or in red light signal where you think it will take more than a minute then turn off your car engine. Lights. Using brakes more frequently also cost more fuel. stereo and air-conditioning also cost more fuel. So if it’s not required try to keep it off. Change the oil on time and does servicing on time will also help to boost fuel economy and car performance. Lights. it will save fuel and environment. So if it’s not required try to keep it off.
ELECTRONIC BRAKE-FORCE DISTRIBUTION It operates in conjunction with ABS to balance the force applied to the brakes at front and rear wheels. reduce "brake fade" caused by excessive heat. Can prevent over-braking. HOOD The hood or bonnet is the hinged cover over the engine of motor vehicles that allows access to the engine compartment for maintenance and repair. CAM A cam is a rotating or sliding piece in a mechanical linkage used especially in transforming rotary motion into linear motion or vice versa. Hood refers to a fabric cover over the passenger compartment of the car. the system automatically the brakes many times per second to prevent wheel lock-up. to maintain a pre-set temperature. which increases its potential power output. An engine is a machine that produces mechanical force and motion when it is subjected to combustion. TURBO CHARGING Turbochargers make use of exhaust gases to compress the air that enters the engine. While the driver applies steady pressure to the brake pedal.It is the heart of an Automobile. Ordinary engines have fixed valve operation. VVT alters the opening and closing of the engine's valves automatically to produce the greatest level of efficiency. AUTOMATIC CLIMATE CONTROL A heating and air conditioning system that adjusts itself as needed. ANTI-LOCK BRAKES (ABS) Helps maintain control in emergency stops. improve brake-pad life. The engine in an Automobile is an internal combustion engine. . and ensure peak braking efficiency in all conditions. VARIABLE VALVE TIMING (VVT) Using computer control.
This allows them to adjust the rate of deployment to minimize injuries from the airbags themselves. DUAL FRONT AIRBAGS It is designed to protect the driver and front passenger in a frontal collision. Mounted in the steering wheel hub and in the right side of the dashboard. It is the ability of the car to send power to the wheels and turn them . Sensors gauge the speed at which the driver initially depresses the brake pedal and determine whether full emergency stopping power is warranted. Torque is not the same as horsepower. HORSEPOWER /POWER OF A CAR Horsepower by definition is the power of an engine in comparison to horses. Horsepower is often indicative of a cars top speed. For example. Horsepower does not necessarily mean that a car is fast from a standing start (see torque) but instead it is often indicative of the speed attainable by a particular car.moving the entire car forward. While this is not a very scientific explanation it is the root of the word. they inflate and deflate within a fraction of a second. Torque is the ability of an engine to move the weight of the car forward. PICK-UP Pick-up refers to any cars ability to increase speed regardless of the current speed of the car.SPARK PLUG A spark plug is an electrical device that fits into the cylinder head of some internal combustion engines and ignites compressed fuels by means of an electric spark. Horsepower is often used to gauge the potential top speed of a car. Most systems can judge the severity of an impact and determine whether a front-seat occupant is wearing a safety belt or is out of position. BRAKE ASSIST It is designed to shorten the stopping distance in a panic stop. Dual front airbags are required by law on all new passenger vehicles. It helps in applying full braking power even if the brake pedal is not fully depressed.refers to an automobile's ability to generate pick up. a car with 100 horsepower is as fast as 100 horses all rolled into one. . TORQUE Torque . Torque is one of the most important factors at the beginning of any non-rolling start race.
shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels. from its largest capacity to its smallest capacity. It is a fundamental specification for many common combustion engines. There are 2 types of transmissions 1. The Volume of a cylinder is measured in ‘cc’ units. TRANSMISSION/GEARBOX A transmission or gearbox provides speed and torque conversions from a rotating power source to another device using gear ratios. The number of full rotation completed in one minute around a fixed axis. bumps. ROTATIONS PER MINUTE (RPM) Revolutions per minute is a unit of frequency of rotation. Suspension systems serve a dual purpose – contributing to the car's handling and braking for good active safety and driving pleasure. CUBIC CENTIMETER (CC) A cubic centimeter or cubic centimeter is a commonly used unit of volume extending the derived SI-unit cubic meter and corresponds to the volume of a cube measuring 1×1×1 cm. and keeping vehicle occupants comfortable and reasonably well isolated from road noise. In a piston engine it is the . Manual Transmission (MT) CHASSIS A chassis is the physical frame or structure of an automobile.KPH (KILOMETERS PER HOUR) It is the most common measurement of speed. It is this frame by the help of which the Automobile is built. COMPRESSION RATIO The compression ratio of an internal-combustion engine is a value that represents the ratio of the volume of its combustion chamber. It’s useful in calculating the displacement of an engine. when used in the context of piston engines. BORE Bore. The number of Kilometers you would travel at any given speed in an hour. SUSPENSION Suspension is the term given to the system of springs. is a measurement of the diameter of the holes bored into the engine block for use as cylinders. Automatic Transmission (AT) 2. and vibrations etc.
. powering all four wheels provides better control in normal road cars on many surfaces. TACHOMETER A tachometer is an instrument that measures the rotation speed of a shaft or disk. BOOT SPACE It represents the space available in the automobile for keeping luggage. the first figure is normally taken as the total number of wheels and the second is normally taken as the number of powered wheels and 4x2 means a four-wheel vehicle in which engine power is transmitted to only two axle-ends. The device usually displays the revolutions per minute (RPM) on a calibrated analogue dial.ration between the volume of the cylinder and combustion chamber when the piston is at the bottom of its stroke. In abbreviations such as 4x4. the unit can give directions to other locations along roads also in its database. A car with better and larger boot space is more desirable. 4WD. The Mileage of a car is different in City compared to the Highway. NAVIGATION SYSTEM An automotive navigation system is a satellite navigation system designed for use in automobiles. as in a motor or other machine. and is an important part of rally racing. 4 WHEEL DRIVE Four-wheel drive. It typically uses a GPS navigation device to acquire position data to locate the user on a road in the unit's map database. Using the road database. While many people associate the term with off-road vehicles and Sport utility vehicles. This term is defined as the distance an automobile can travel in 1 liter of the fuel. but digital displays are increasingly common. MILEAGE Mileage is one of the most important parameters of an automobile. 4x4 or AWD (all wheel drive) is a four-wheeled vehicle that allows all four wheels to receive torque from the engine simultaneously. Usually a car with higher mileage is desirable. and the volume of the combustion chamber when the piston is at the top of its stroke. MACPHERSON STRUT The Macpherson strut is a type of car suspension system which is used almost all modern cars for proper handling and safety of the car. A high compression ratio is desirable because it allows an engine to extract more mechanical energy from a given mass of air-fuel mixture due to its higher thermal efficiency.
This will not only make you a faster driver but also a safer one. A bad modification can actually make your car slower than in stock tune. Only then will you benefit from the performance modifications. • Beware of cheap “go-fast” gimmicks like the Surbo and electric superchargers. Get your work done only by a tuner who has the relevant knowledge. • Ensure that you are with the right tuner. Poor reliability may also result from a bad installation. • Remember that the engine is a very complex system and each component has to work in harmony with everything else. This will allow you to gauge improvements in an incremental manner and fine-tune one modification before moving on to the next. Most Japanese brands like the Hondas and Suzuki’s have tremendous after-market support in terms of parts availability and tuner capability.HOW TO MODIFY / TUNE YOUR CAR By GTO What does a BHPian naturally want out of his stock machine? MORE POWER! TeamBHP tells you all you need to know about modifying your street car. On the other hand. • Tune your car via a step-by-step method. Simply put. The quality of install and product is most important. there are some cars which inherently respond better to performance tuning. • Choose a “mod-friendly” car to start with. . why would you need a DTM corner slammer on a front wheel drive car that spends most of its time below 120 kph. infrastructure and dedication to carry out a high quality installation. Common sense plays a vital role out here. it is a pointless exercise trying to make heavy cars like the Contessa or a Mahindra Jeep go any faster! Pick your car based on what you want to achieve. causing a great amount of heart-burn to you. To quote a popular Pirelli tagline : Power is nothing without control. Keep the racing restricted to track days and in other forms of competition (within a controlled environment). which are nothing but an absolute waste of money. The product quality is equally important and it is generally recommended to stick to reputed brands (wherever available). • Enroll with a professional rally / racing / driving school. BEFORE you modify your car • Remember to practice SAFE DRIVING on public roads! With additional power comes the need for additional responsibility.
Even if it's 35 degrees outside. The diameter of the pipe through its entire length should be uniform and greater than that of the throttle body. 2. proper installation is very important and it should not suck in hot air.500 – 50.5. Also. The colder the air available to it. • Remember that your warranty will almost certainly be nullified. • Invest in a popular timing device like the G-Tech series. K&N recommends a shroud for use in dusty conditions. the better will be the gains in performance. spoilers are merely for looks and. A detailed guide on upsizing your tyres is available here : Choosing the right set of tyres for your car. Alloy wheels are not always necessary for a tyre upsize. • Think before you try to alleviate the visual appeal of your car via body kits and spoilers. A Cold air intake (CAI) is the more serious of performance air-filters. but lowered fuel efficiency (almost certain) will cause another dent on your wallet. Approximate cost = Rs. This range of timing equipment will help you to gauge the benefits of your modification. The performance gains are marginal. in any case. Air-Filter: • A stock replacement performance filter requires no modifications and is very simple to install since it fits exactly in place of your factory filter. and some precautions must be taken when driving in the monsoons. if your car is within the coverage period.000. work only above 175kph. You can also opt for a good conical / universal filter without CAI.000 – 7. Upgrade tyres and alloy wheels: • Before adding more power to your car.• Remember that Vitamin M (or Money!!) runs the show. STAGE ONE MODIFICATIONS 1. Be warned that a badly-designed body kit will ruin the aerodynamics of your car and may cause it to become unstable at high speeds. Do note that the sound levels with significantly increase with a CAI.000 – 17. The plumbing needs to have minimum restrictions with most experts recommending mandrel bent aluminium pipes. it must have the adequate grip levels for current & future power delivery. With a CAI. Not only will the modifications cost you big $$$. . while short rams and most CAI applications take air from under the hood.2. Some highly-modified cars or engines running an increased compression ratio may also require high-octane fuel to run efficiently. and whether that actually translated into making your car faster.500. A true CAI sucks in outside air. Approximate cost = Rs. Approximate cost = Rs.12.500. that is still significantly cooler than the air under your hood. Tuning your car can be an expensive proposition. so outline a detailed budget before moving on from stage to stage.
The most restrictive part is usually the cat-con or the mid-muffler. Strut braces: • Strut braces / tower bars reduce flex. ensure that you pick up plugs with the correct heat range for your engine.000. Iridium plugs have hardly any benefits and you will never notice them anyway. Mineral oil. Approximate cost = Rs.500 – 1300 per liter. 5.3. which will result in difficulty toward meeting the emission norms. The appropriate back pressure must be maintained else you will lose out on torque. Free-Flow Exhaust: • A well-designed free flow exhaust system improves the breathing abilities of your engine and can lead to good performance / fuel-efficiency gains. Synthetic Oil: • Synthetic lubes are highly recommended by Team-BHP for the superior protection and enhanced lubrication on offer.500 – 25. But at this stage.000. Plug wires: • Same as above. 7.500. don’t opt for plug wires as you will only waste your money. mid or high-rpm gains. Very little time is actually spent at high-rpms so you might be better off asking for a low to mid-range power gain. Also. 6. A good header design is very important and you may specify to your installer a preference of low.800 – 3.500 – 6. They modify some signals that are delivered to the ECU. Only if your eventual modifications require an upgrade to a custom engine management system (or a high-performance ignition system) will your plug wires have some benefit. Approximate cost = Rs. Spark Plugs: • Performance plugs are pointless on a stock / marginally modified car. 4.7. After-market wires don’t add any performance to a stock or marginally modified engine. Approximate cost = Rs. An exhaust system is like a chain and only as strong as its weakest link. Temperature signal modifiers: • These devices are fairly simple to install and result in marginal (if any) performance gains. click here : Synthetic oil vs. Approximate cost = Rs. Approximate cost = Rs.900 – 9. which results in altered fuel / ignition maps. 8. Some tuners will remove the cat-con.000.1. For a detailed explanation. try and insulate the exposed part of the exhaust system within the hood with asbestos wire (cheap) or ceramic coating (expensive). In case you do install the same. and help in increasing the grip levels / stability of . It is important to get a complete free-flow kit (including headers) and not a muffler / end-can kit only.
Performance camshafts: • Performance cams are a superb modification and can add upto 10% . Most drivers are better off with a stock-shifter! Approximate cost = Rs.1. Performance suspension kits: • With the additional power that your engine is churning out by now.9. it is a very risky installation. 3. dampers (shock-absorbers) and camber kits (Polyurethane bush kits). coil-over springs. Power gains are very noticeable from a high-quality porting and polishing job.000. Be advised that there is an optimum length of the shifter depending on the throw. Don’t go overboard with the dose else your engine will end up blown. and it will take some getting used to. Approximate cost = Rs. yet can be a useful tool in improving lap times (holding a gear longer) and acceleration (one less up shift for 0 .3. It wont lead to a power increase with all engines. Head Porting & polishing: • Cylinder head porting and polishing refers to enlarging and smoothening of the ports on the intake and exhaust.100).000. STAGE TWO MODIFICATIONS 1. Also make sure that you back the timing off by a few degrees.20% more . as they are popularly called. coils. and result in quicker gear shifts.00.000 – 15.500. Approximate cost = Rs.000 – 75. This results in better quality and quantity of gas flow-rates. Your cars manufacturer-set rpm limits will be raised but you also need to check if your engine internals can take the additional stress. 2.500 – 7. 5. ergonomics and your preferences.500 upward. increased grip levels are a must.10. Removing the revv-limiter: • A fairly simple modification which any ECU specialist can implement in a very short time. are cheap power shots and a favorite with drag racers. Approximate cost = Rs.500 – 5.the car through corners. Approximate cost = Rs.22. There are plentiful branded options available for performance struts. 4.000. Due to the inherent nature of the gas.4. However. Nitrous oxide systems: • NOS. 9. it’s only under hard cornering that the difference is noticeable. Short-shifters: • Short-shifters shorten the throw of your gear-lever. Remember that the intake ports need to be finished rough while the exhaust ports should have a mirror finish.000 – 1. Approximate cost = Rs.500.
a 1. Approximate cost = Rs. 9. If you plan on going further to stage three modifications. For e. Map sensor signal modifiers: • These can improve part throttle performance. An increase in compression ratio is highly recommended. timing etc. Leave the tuning part to an expert. It is imperative for the piggy-back to be compatible with your ECU. Approximate cost = Rs. Engine remaps: • An ECU flash will give you higher power gains than a piggyback. Valve angling: • A multi-angle valve job can lead to noticeable street performance gains by improving the head flow.). Pistons. with options available for low.500 upward. Remember that the AFR signal adjustment is to be done only in tandem with a wide band AFR kit. Fuel controllers adjust the fuel mapping and allow the engine to increase its power output.3 liter can be overbored to 1. but will result only in marginal performance gains. Approximate cost = Rs.000. Piggy-back ECU's: • Piggybacks are additional engine control units that work along with the standard ECU. connecting rods and the crankshaft will need to be replaced. An example of a fuel computer is the ApexI S-AFC. 10. depending on the driving conditions. Over-boring / Stroker kits: • Over-boring is increasing the CC (cubic capacity) by changing the piston size and stroke of the engine. Note that this is a highly precision-oriented task.g. Also insist on a cam adjuster (variable cam pulley for adjusting cam timing) to realise the full gains of the cam. High lift cams cost a packet and are not recommended for daily-driven cars since the low-end response is compromised.12. 7. There are ready performance remaps available for a wide range of Indian cars and the installation procedure is fairly simple.000 – 35.3. It is important to avoid over-cam'ing while the more extreme profiles will surely require head work. A piggyback modifies some signals (sent back to the ECU) and plays around with the performance parameters only (fuel injection. Simply put. do the remap at the very end.12.000.000. fuel-efficiency takes a beating and you will need to fiddle with idle settings to get it right. 8.12.000 – 35.12000 upward. Approximate cost = Rs. Any reputable company is going to account for your full mod list in order to .power. by changing the entire characteristics and settings of the factory software. 6. They enhance engine performance and leave the non-engine electronic work to the standard ECU. They offer a multitude of adjustments whereby you can run rich or lean. Approximate cost = Rs. bigger engine size = more power.5 liters in capacity.000 – 25. mid and high-rpm gains.
unlike a turbo which is driven by exhaust gas energy. sleeves etc.give you the best remap. Mitsubishi Lancers have various Mivec and EVO options. Consider what the usage of your car will be before installing a performance clutch as varied options are available between street. though Indian tuners prefer turbo-charging. Many tuner-friendly cars have a ready list of options available. Approximate cost = Rs. Super-chargers: • Super-chargers or "blowers" (as they are called in the tuner circle) are another method of forced induction.000. Some swaps may not offer a bolt-on transition and will require heavy modifications to accommodate. a performance clutch may become a necessity to transfer the additional power effectively and quickly. Swapping the engine is changing the "heart" of your car so consult only with tuners who have the necessary experience. get ready for a seriously expensive investment in forged internals.000 – 40.1. twin-cam Suzuki Swift GTi swaps into Maruti Zen’s and even Honda mills into Suzuki bodies are popular. drag and . 2. Engine swaps: • When you have maxed out the power of your current engine. unless you want to do it twice. click here : Turbocharging your car. For a detailed comparison. or simply want a bigger powerplant.000.3. Approximate cost = Rs. STAGE THREE MODIFICATIONS 1. engine swaps are a good option. Upgrade clutch: • In stage three. chances are that your current braking power is ineffective toward handling the additional engine punch. Super chargers. knowledge and infrastructure.23.25. this is a very important consideration. Performance braking systems: • By the time you reach stage three. Do the remap last. 5.000 – 60. If you want to go higher than that.000 upward.30. Turbo-chargers: • Turbo's offer high power gains but don't exceed 6-8 psi on a stock motor. 4. Approximate cost = Rs.1. 3. Super-charger kits are readily available for some engines.000 upward. they are driven off the engines crankshaft. For a complete guide on turbo-charging. click here : Turbo chargers vs. performance discs and street / performance brake pads are available to improve your cars stopping power. Approximate cost = Rs. Upgraded boosters.000 upward.25. D16 and B16 engines into Honda City’s. More expensive to install. Approximate cost = Rs.
Some are a pain to use in bumper-to-bumper traffic.000 – 50. ECU replacement: • The ECU (engine control unit) is the brain of your car and controls various engine parameters and functions.Gearing: • The gearbox is one of the most important tools in extracting power from your engine. 6. Approximate cost = Rs. Your transmission may also require stronger drive-shafts to cope with the additional power. 8. since the inertia is lower. a replacement ECU will become necessary. A great feature of some stand-alones (with a toggle switch) is that they can be switched between performance and stock modes. AEM. As you progress within stage three. Lighter flywheel: • A lighter flywheel will improve throttle response at all rpms.000 – 25.000 upward. Custom ECU's can be tuned for specific engines where power gains vary from 5%(stock engine) to more than 30% (heavily modified engines).15. Approximate cost = Rs.500 upward. 6. custom fitting. exactly where you want it (low. and cost. mid and high-rpms).10.000.25. Lightened flywheels are a good option for racing and make for a superb modification with a short (close-ratio) gearbox. Some recommended safety add-ons: Roll Master • • Race Fire Fuel Cut-off cages switch Extinguisher Cell • Race seats with 4 or 5 point harnesses Other useful add-ons: .race applications.) allow great flexibility. However. TEC-II etc. Approximate cost = Rs. don’t add one to a stock engine else you will lose torque at low-rpms. With that flexibility comes complexity. A stand-alone engine management system (Link.000. 7. Approximate cost = Rs. It works well with balancing the crankshaft. You may choose to alter the final drive or go in for an entirely new custom gearbox.
) Synthetic oil vs Mineral oil By GTO Synthetic engine oil offers far superior lubrication as compared to conventional mineral-based oil.Porsche . Team-BHP highly recommends synthetic oil as your engine lubricant. The molecules of synthetic oil are also more consistent in size and shape than those of natural oil. Temperature. which is known to offer outstanding protection under all operating conditions. The bottom line is that .Performance Better lighting Meters (Boost. Synthetic oil maintains consistent viscosity even in very high heat and. works to offer more lubrication at this crucial stage. synthetic esters and alkylated aromatics. since most engine wear occurs at start-up. oil pressure. Mineral engine oil is almost entirely natural while synthetic oil is the product of chemical preparation with carefully perfected formulae. The most popular brand of this oil is Mobil1. Most brands of synthetic oil include performanceenhancing additives like polyalphaolefin (PAO).was the first car manufacturer to factory-fill its engines with synthetic oil before delivery. The master of automotive engineering . shift light etc.
Mineral engine oil is almost entirely natural while synthetic oil is the product of chemical preparation with carefully perfected formulae. with its superior lubricating properties. Indian driving conditions put a lot of stress on your engine with low average speeds. Synthetic oil.000 km. and the engine still feels like new. make certain that you use that only. Some synthetic lubes may have very high petrol engine standards.000 km. preferably bought from authorized service stations. Semi-synthetic oil: This oil is a blend of synthetic and mineral oil and is targeted at the valueconscious market. However. Some tests have also indicated a marginal increase in power. bumper-to-bumper traffic and harsh environmental conditions. If your owner’s manual suggests a 10W–40 grade oil. Most brands of synthetic oil include performance- . The right grade: It is vital that you choose your engine oil based on the grade your manufacturer recommends. so it is best to check with a competent mechanic before proceeding. hinders the running-in process and is best used only after 10. We feel that the protective advantage of synthetic oil makes it well worth the price. Extended oil change intervals?: Even though most synthetic oil brands boast of extended oil change intervals. The right filter: It is surprising how many counterfeit auto parts are on the market. but not necessarily so for the diesels. Engine flush before change: We suggest using an engine flush before switching from conventional to synthetic oil. and especially for diesel engines. fully-synthetics offer far superior performance and protection. Please be advised that some older / high-mileage engines do not take well to engine flushing. My Honda City Vtec has covered 40. Though it offers some of the benefits of fully synthetic oil at a lower price. more efficiency and enhanced performance for your engine.000 kms on Mobil 1. Despite frequent doses of enjoyable high-revving to the red line. Diesel engines: Diesel engines benefit as much from synthetic oil as petrol engines. Team-BHP recommends that you still change your engine oil every 7. Here is the Team-BHP guide to using synthetic engine oil: No synthetics during the running-in period: Wear and tear is actually good for a new engine. You must change your oil filter with every oil change. Use only high-quality OEM oil filters.synthetic oil use leads to longer life. Cost: The only real disadvantage to synthetic oil is that it is more expensive than mineral oil. Synthetic engine oil offers far superior lubrication as compared to conventional mineral-based oil.000 – 15.500 – 10. it is very important for you to match the synthetic oil grade with the one recommended by your manufacturer.
Some synthetic lubes may have very high petrol engine standards. Extended oil change intervals?: Even though most synthetic oil brands boast of extended oil change intervals.000 – 15. works to offer more lubrication at this crucial stage.000 km. The master of automotive engineering . Engine flush before change: We suggest using an engine flush before switching from conventional to synthetic oil. bumper-tobumper traffic and harsh environmental conditions. synthetic esters and alkylated aromatics. with its superior lubricating properties. The most popular brand of this oil is Mobil1. The bottom line is that synthetic oil use leads to longer life. since most engine wear occurs at start-up. fullysynthetics offer far superior performance and protection. You must change your oil filter with every oil change. The molecules of synthetic oil are also more consistent in size and shape than those of natural oil. Indian driving conditions put a lot of stress on your engine with low average speeds. Semi-synthetic oil: This oil is a blend of synthetic and mineral oil and is targeted at the valueconscious market.000 kms on Mobil 1. more efficiency and enhanced performance for your engine. and especially for diesel engines. Team-BHP highly recommends synthetic oil as your engine lubricant. so it is best to check with a competent mechanic before proceeding. Though it offers some of the benefits of fully synthetic oil at a lower price. The right grade: It is vital that you choose your engine oil based on the grade your manufacturer recommends.Porsche . make certain that you use that only. and the engine still feels like new. hinders the running-in process and is best used only after 10.was the first car manufacturer to factory-fill its engines with synthetic oil before delivery.enhancing additives like polyalphaolefin (PAO). My Honda City Vtec has covered 40. Synthetic oil. Here is the Team-BHP guide to using synthetic engine oil: No synthetics during the running-in period: Wear and tear is actually good for a new engine.000 km. which is known to offer outstanding protection under all operating conditions. Some tests have also indicated a marginal increase in power. Synthetic oil maintains consistent viscosity even in very high heat and. If your owner’s manual suggests a 10W–40 grade oil. Use only highquality OEM oil filters. but not necessarily so for the diesels. it is very important for you to match the synthetic oil grade with the one recommended by your manufacturer. The right filter: It is surprising how many counterfeit auto parts are on the market. Diesel engines: Diesel engines benefit as much from synthetic oil as petrol engines. However.500 – 10. . Cost: The only real disadvantage to synthetic oil is that it is more expensive than mineral oil. Team-BHP recommends that you still change your engine oil every 7. Please be advised that some older / high-mileage engines do not take well to engine flushing. preferably bought from authorized service stations. Despite frequent doses of enjoyable high-revving to the red line. We feel that the protective advantage of synthetic oil makes it well worth the price.
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