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Materials Engineer Test Reviewer performed within ____ after the initial mixing operation and the

water and cement ratio is not exceeded.

1. Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be
accurate within ____ % throughout the range of use. Scales shall a) 30 minutes c) 45 minutes
be inspected and sealed as often as the Engineer may deem b) 15 minutes d) 60 minutes
necessary to assure their continued accuracy.
a) 1.0 % c) 0.5 % 7. A sample from a bituminous mix weighs 1000 grams. At
b) 1.5 % d) 2.0 % extraction, it was found out that the dry aggregate weighed 950
grams. What is the % of asphalt by weight of mix?
2. When cement is placed in contact with the aggregate, a) 5.2 % c) 5.4 %
batches may be rejected unless mixed within _____ hours of b) 5.0 % d) 4.8%
such contact.
a) 1.5 hours c) 0.5 hours 8. The minimum penetration of the preservative with the
b) 2.0 hours d) 2.5 hours surface of the timber piles shall be ____
a) 150 mm c) 250 mm
3. When mixed at the site or in a central mixing plant, the b) 200 mm d) 100 mm
mixing time shall not be less than ______ nor more than ____
unless mixer performance test prove adequate mixing of 9. The contractor shall submit in writing a job-mix formula for
concrete in a shorter time period. the mixture supported by laboratory test data along with
a) 30 seconds nor more than 90 seconds samples of resources of components and viscosity
b) 50 seconds nor more than 90 seconds temperature relationships to the Engineer for testing and
c) 60 seconds nor more than 120 seconds approval at least ____.
d) 90 seconds nor more than 120 seconds a) two weeks c) one week
b) three weeks d) four weeks
4. The flow of water shall be uniform and all water should be in
the drum by the end of the first ____ seconds of the mixing 10. The concrete samples should be stored in a moist
period. conditioned temperature within the range of ____ until the time
a) 45 seconds c) 15 seconds of test.
b) 30 seconds d) 20 seconds a) 18* C to 24* C c) 14* C to 24* C
b) 15* C to 18* C d) 18* C to 28* C
5. Concrete not place within ____ minutes from the time the
ingredients were charged into the mixing drum shall be used. 11. This is used in soil stabilized road surface due to its high
a) 120 minutes c) 60 minutes ____ property, that is, it absorbs and retains water.
b) 150 minutes d) 90 minutes a) Potassium Chloride c) Magnesium Chloride
b) Calcium Chloride d) Sodium Chloride
6. When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, additional water
may be added to the batch and additional mixing performed to 12. The mass % wear of soil aggregate used in cement/lime
increase the slump to meet the specified requirement if proportions should not be more than ____.
permitted by the Engineer, provided all these operation are a) 40 % c) 45 %
b) 50 % d) 55 %

a) 1.280 to 1.408 c) 1.295 to 1.308
13. The uniform rate at which the movable head of the CBR b) 1.180 to 1.308 d) 1.195 to 1.318
machine travel is _____.
a) 0.05 in / min c) 0.08 in /min 21. Aggregate accounts for 92 95 % of the weight of the
b) 0.10 in /min d) 0.09 in /min bituminous mixture asphalt accounts for 5 8 % of the weight
of the mix. The exact percentage to be used is determined by
14. Cast in place concrete shall not be post tensioned until at the _____ a) Trial mix c)
least ____ and until the compressive strength has reached the Job mix
strength specified. b) Design mix d) Job order
a) 7 days c) 14 days
b) 10 days d) 20 days 22. _____ is an indication that the asphalt mix is overheated.
a) Blue smoke c) Rising steam
15. The penetration test is an indication of the ____ of asphalt. b) Stiff appearance d) Mix slumps in truck
a) Consistency c) Hardness
b) Softness d) Flash Point 23. In checking the temperature of the mix, the
thermometer should be inserted into the mix at least
16. Specification requires one (1) Quality test for every ____.
____ of asphalt a) 20 a) 2 inches c) 4 inches
tons c) 50 tons b) 6 inches d) 6.0 mm
b) 200 tons d) 40 tons
24. _____ is applied on existing bit, or cement concrete surface
17. The ____ is the most commonly used method in the design with bituminous materials.
and evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes. a) Bituminous Prime Coat c) Bituminous Seal Coat
a) Job mix formula c) Marshall Stability b) Bituminous Tack Coat d) Bituminous Surface
b) Design mix d) Extraction Treatment

18. Vibration shall operate a frequency of 8,300 to 9,600 25. The solution used in the soundness test of aggregate shall
impulses per minute under load at a maximum spacing of ____ be cooled to a temperature of 21 +or 1* C and maintain at
cm. that temperature for at least _____.
a) 30 cm c) 60 cm a) 24 hours c) 48 hours
b) 50 cm d) 40 cm b) 36 hours d) 18 hours

19. The specific gravity of Sodium Sulfate used in soundness 26. Proper compaction of the fill materials is very important, as
test for aggregate should be with in the range of ____. it will ______. a) Increase the shear
a) 1.151 to 1.174 c) 1.051 to 1.154 strength
b) 1.250 to 1.178 d) 1.058 to 1.184 b) Decrease permeability
c) Minimize compressibility
20. The specific gravity magnesium sulfate solution used in d) All of the above
soundness test for aggregate should be within the range of
____ .

27. In which DPWH item is emulsified asphalt not suitable? a) 107* c) 120*
a) Item 301 c) Item 304 b) 159*
b) Item302 d) Item 308
35. Moisture content of aggregate in bit mix shall not exceed
28. Unconfined compressive strength test is usually ____ of the time it is introduce into the mixing unit.
performed on ______. a) 1.5 mass % c) 1 mass %
b) 2.0 mass %
a) Sandy soils c) Organic soils
b) Silty soils d) Clayey soils 36. Batching tolerance for Sand and Aggregate is ____.
a) 1 % c) 3 %
29. Consolidation test is usually performed on ____ b) 2 %
samples a)
Disturbed c) Consolidated 37. Between stage of curing, concrete shall not be exposed for
b) Undisturbed d) both a & b more than how many hours?
a) 24 hours c) hour
30. A concrete core sample having a maximum height of b) 3 hours d) 72 hours
less than _____ of its diameter before capping or height
less than its diameter after capping shall not be tested. 38. As a Materials Engineer, what will you do with major
a) 93 % c) 95 % honeycombed area that is considered as defective work?
b) 94 % d) 96 % a) Plaster
b) Payment of the concrete will be made an adjustment
31. The cohesion and internal friction of soil is tested by c) Removed and replaced at the expensed of the
a) Tri axial shear test c) Bearing test contractor
b) Direct shear test d) All of the above
39. If the strength of control specimen does not meet the
32. In concrete acceptance, core will be considered adequate if requirement and not feasible to obtain cores due to structural
the average strength of the cores is equal to what? consideration, as a Materials Engineer what will be your
a) 80% of specified strength & if no single core is less than 75% decision? a) Removed and
of specified strength b) 90% of specified strength replaced
& if no single core is less than 80% of specified strength b) Area will not be paid
c) 85% of specified strength & if no single core is less c) Payment will be made at an adjusted price
than 75% of specified strength
40. After concrete has been placed, it is advisable to maintain
33. Before the cement is to be used, sampling must be done at fully welted and in position for how many hours?
least _____ before use. a) 14 hours c) 72 hours
a) one week c) two weeks b) 24 hours d) 15 18 hours
b) 14 days d) 12 days
41. Rock shall be excavated to a depth ____ below sub grade
34. Asphalt cement shall not be used while it is foaming nor within the limit of the roadbed
shall be heated at ____ at anytime after delivery.

a) 100 mm c) 200 mm a) 130 +/- 7* C c) 200 +/- 7* C
b) 150 mm b) 150 +/- 7* C d) 211 +/- 7* C

42. Minimum penetration of all piles shall be ____. 51. Submission of sample minimum quantity of material for
a) 3 meter c) 7 meter asphalt cement is -------.
b) 6 meter d) 4.5 meter a) 5 kg c) 20 kg
b) 10 kg d) 100 kg
43. Piles shall not be driven within 7 meters of concrete less
than _____ old. a) 7 days 52. For how many years does the small Contractor given to
c) 28 days procure necessary testing equipment?
b) 14 day a) 2 years c) 5 years
b) 4 years d) 6 years
44. Paint contains _____ of pigment and _____ vehicle.
a) 20 % & 80 % c) 79 % & 21 % 53. The depth of the weakened joints must not be less than ____
b) 21 % & 79 % d) 80 % & 20 % and a width of ___.
a) 40 mm & 6 mm c) 40 mm & 5 mm
45. Minimum thickness of bedding materials beneath the pipe is b) 50 mm & 5 mm d) 50 mm & 6 mm
_____. a) 100 mm
c) 200 mm 54. Used of bituminous cold mix for potholes patching during
b) 150 mm rainy/ wet period is acceptable a) false b)
46. Tolerance of gabion dimension is _________________.
a) +/- 1% c) +/- 3 % 55. In soil, all boring shall be carried to a depth of at least ____
b) +/- 2 % d) +/- 4 % below the proposed grade line.
a) 0.50 m c) 1.5 m
47. Minimum size of galvanized wire mesh is ____________. b) 1.0 m d) 1.8 m
a) 2.0 mm c) 2.7 mm
b) 2.2 mm d) 3.4 mm 56. The test that determines pile-bearing capacity by loading
one or more pile and measuring settlement under load is _____.
48. Minimum density of gabions is ___________. a) Vane shear test c) Pile load test
a) 1,000 kg/cu. m c) 1,400 kg/cu. m b) Plate bearing test
b) 1,200 kg/cu. m d) 1,500 kg/cu. m
57. The weight of disturbed samples from hard auger or split
49. Soundness loss of field gabions is __________________. spoon shall be at least ____.
a) 9 % after 5 cycles c) 11 % after 5 cycles a) 1 kg c) 10 kg
b) 10 % after 5 cycles d) 12 % after 5 cycles b) 20 kg d) 100 kg

50. The heating temperature of reflector zed thermoplastic 58. Submission of sample for testing for cement is _____.
material during application is _____ a) 10 kg c) 15 kg
b) 20 kg d) 40 kg

a) not less than 90 % c) not less than 95 %
59. The length of Shelby Tube of an undisturbed sample is _____. b) not less than 80 % d) not less than 98 %
a) 10 long c) 20 long
b) 18 long 67. What is the rate of loading for concrete beam tested for
flexural stress? a) 110 150 psi/sec
60. For small project where quantity of steel bars is 10,000 kg or c) 125 175 psi/sec
less, what is the basis for acceptance of material? b) 115 150 psi/sec d) 130 - 175 psi/sec
a) No testing c) Mill certificate
b) P.E, certificate 68. In concrete sampling paste shall be of normal consistency of
_____ when the rod settles to a point below the original surface
61. ______ determine the best combination of the material that in 30 secs.
will produce a potentially stable & durable mixture. a) 10 +/- 1 mm c) 15 +/- 1mm
a) Job mix formula c) Design of bituminous mix b) 11 +/- 1 mm d) 20 +/- 1 mm
b) Marshall formula
69. What the temperature of a concrete sample?
62. _______ is the rate of loading for concrete cylinder sample a) 10 15 * C c) 15 18* C
subject to compression test b) 18 24 * C

a) 20 - 40 psi/sec c) 15 40 psi/sec 70. What is the wash loss of fine aggregates in the no. 200
b) 20 - 50 psi/sec d) 15 40 psi/sec sieve? a) 1 %
c) 3 %
63. I n a soil exploration, if the characteristic of rock is b) 2 % d) 4 %
questionable, the minimum depth of boring into the bedrock
should be _______. 71. Retarder can delay the setting time of concrete up to how
a) 1.5 m c) 2.5 m many hours? a) 1 hour
b) 2.0 m d) 3.0 m c) 4 hours
b) 2 hours d) 8 hours
64. Determine soil bearing capacity by loading a steel plate
usually 30 diameter. 72. Super plasticizer can increase the strength of concrete up to
a) Vane shear test c) Pile load test how many percent?
b) Plate bearing test d) None of the above a) 40 60 % c) 50 70 %
b) 50 60 % d) 60 70 %
65. How many hours do aggregate stockpile or binned for
draining before being batch? 73. ___________ is the moisture in an air dried soil
a) 1 hour c) 12 hours a) Moisture Content
b) 6 hours d) 24 hours b) Natural Moisture Content
c) Hygroscopic Moisture Content
66. What is the relative strength of mortar at 7 & 28 days of fine d) Hydrometer Moisture Content
aggregates, when tested for the effect of organic impurities,
which is higher than the standard?

74. _________ is the tolerance of mix in bituminous. 82. ________ is the slump of workable concrete if vibrated.
a) 10* C c) 15* C a) 10 20 mm c) 40 50 mm
b) 12* C d) 18* C b) 10 40 mm d) 40 75 mm

75. _________ Number of measurement taken in a core sample 83. ________ Burnt product, which is used by Gypsum and
for thickness determination of the finish asphalt pavement pulverized to form Portland Cement.
a) 3 c) 5 a) Hydraulic cement c) Fly Ash
b) 4 d) 8 b) Clinker d) Volcanic Ash

76. In the absence of beam mold in site, cylinder mold is 84. When group index = 0, what is the grade of soil?
allowed by specification. What is the required strength? a) weak soil c) good soil
a) 2,500 psi c) b) 3,000 psi d) 4,000 b) poor soil
85. ______ is a process of breaking down of rocks into small
77. Prime coat shall be left undisturbed for at least _____. pieces of various sizes that can range from large boulders to
a) 6 hours c) 24 hours very small clay particles.
b) 12 hours
a) Consolidation c) Weathering
78. The first phase of rolling the spread bituminous mix is called b) Unconsolidation
breakdown rolling, which is carried out by pneumatic roller,
temperature requirement must be _____. 86. ________ is the limit were further loss of water due to
a) 200 225* F c) 160 180* F evaporation, which will not result in reduction of volume.
b) 190 199* F d)150 185* F a) Plastic limit c) Shrinkage limit
b) Liquid limit
79. How many gradation ranges for hot plant mix bituminous
pavement are there in the blue book? 87. ________ a classification of soil which 35% or less the
a) 5 c) 7 particles pass through no. 200 sieve.
b) 6 d) 8 a) Grain size soil c) Silty clay materials
b) Granular materials d) Clayey materials
80. What is the plasticity index of mineral filler?
a) not greater than 4 c) not greater than 8 88. ________ a classification of soil which 35% or more of the
b) not greater than 6 d) zero particles pass through no. 200 sieve
a) Course Sand Soil c) Silty-Clay Materials
81. If no core had been taken at the end of each day of b) Granular Materials d) Clayey Materials
operation and the project has already been completed, a core
shall be taken ________. 89. It evaluates the quality of soil as highway subgrade
a) for every 75 l.m,/lane c) for every 100 l.m/lane material. a) Atterberg
b) for every 150 l.m/lane d) for every 1,000 l.m/lane Limit c) Group Index
b) Plasticity Index d) Liquid Limit

90. When soil has plasticity index value of 10, what is the 99. _______ is the maximum of G.I. of Silty Clay Materials
criterion of the material? a) 0 c) 20
a) Coarse grain c) Clayey b) 25 d) 35
b) Sandy d) Silty
100. When the value of G.I. is negative, what will be the soil
91. When plasticity index is equal performance? a) Poor Subgrade
a) Coarse grain c) Clayey c) Good subgrade
b) Sandy d) Silty b) Very good subgrade d) None of the above

92. _______ is an empirical number used in evaluation for G.I. 101. The weight of Sandy soil for Hydrometer Analysis is ______.
a) 0 15 c) 0 20 a) 10 grams c) 50 grams
b) 5 20 d) 0 25 b) 25 grams d) 100 grams

93. It indicates good subbase materials when G.I. is equal to 102. The weight of Clayey or Silty soil for Hydrometer Analysis is
_____. a) 0 ______. a) 10 grams
c) 10 c) 50 grams
b) 5 d) 20 b) 25 grams d) 100 grams

94. It indicates very poor subbase materials when G.I. is equal 103. A 25 grams fine-grained soil can be dried in about ______.
to _____. a) 0 a) 1 hour c) 3 hours
c) 10 b) 2 hours d) 4 hours
b) 5 d) 20
104. A 25 grams sandy soil can be dried in about ______.
95. ______ indicates the composition of soil. a) 1 hour c) 3 hours
a) Atterberg Limit b) Plasticity Index b) 2 hours d) 4 hours

96. The higher the value of PI of the soil, the weaker will be the 105. ________ is a type of soil in which most of the soil grains are
soil performance as a _____. of the same size.
a) True c) Depend a) Poorly graded c) Gap graded
b) False d) None of the above b) Well graded d) Non of the above

97. _______ the Plasticity Index of group of soil 106. The soil grained are force apart by the water added, thus
a) 0 c) 10 the grain is reduced, what is the method used?
b) 6 d) 11 a) Lubrication c) Swelling
b) Welting d) Saturation
98. _______ is the minimum percent of A-6 group classification of
soil. a) 0 % 107. Percent passing loose for coarse aggregates when tested for
c) 35 % clay lump is _____.
b) 25 % d) 36 % a) 0.1 mass percent c) 0.8 mass percent
b) 0.25 mass percent d) 1.0 mass percent

c) Falling Weight Deflectometer
108. The mass percent passing loose for coarse aggregates when d) Core Test
tested in soft fragment is ____. a) 0.10
c) 3.5 116. How many days does the emulsified asphalt must be tested
b) 0.25 d) 1.00 after delivery at temperature 40*F(4.5*C).
a) 10 days c) 14 days
109. If slag is used, the density of coarse aggregate is ______. b) 12 days d) 16 days
a) 30 100 kg/cu. m c) 1,120 kg/cu. m
b) 150 kg /cu. m d) 1,400 kg/cu. m 117. In bituminous mixture, asphalt content is 5 8% and 92 -
95% aggregates, what will be the amount of additives?
110. Mass percent loose for fine aggregates when tested in Clay a) not more than 2% c) more than 2%
lumps is _____. b) not more than 3% d) more than 4%
a) 0.10 c) 0.80
b) 0.25 d) 1.0 118. ___________ determines the effect of water on the cohesion
of the mixture
111. _________ is a type of cement, which shall be transferred to a) Stability Test c) Distillation
an elevated, air tight and weatherproof bins storage. b) Solubility d) Immersion-Compression Test
a) Portland Cement c) Bulk Cement
b) Pozzolan Cement d) None of the above 119. The distance of the sample by grooving before rotating the
brass cup is _____.
112. Scales for weighing aggregates and cement shall be a) c)
accurate within _____. b) d) 1
a) 0.1% c) 0.5%
b) 0.25% d) 1.9% 120. The most common method of assessing strength and
stiffness of both subgrade and pavement is _______.
113. The minimum thickness of conventional concrete as the a) FDT c) SPT
surface course in monolithic pavement is _____. b) CBR d)Non of the above
a) 50 mm c) 100 mm
b) 75 mm d) 150 mm 121. How many days do the specimen for CBR soaked?
a) 1 day c) 3 days
114. _____________ determines the resistance of the emulsion to b) 2 days d) 4 days
break when mixed with mineral aggregate.
a) Viscosity Test c) Spot test 122. When mixed at the site or in a central mixing plant, the
b) Distillation Test d) Cement Mixing mixing time shall not be less than _50_ seconds nor more than
_90_ seconds unless mixer performance test prove adequate
115. _____________ is an instrument used for rapid in site mixing of the concrete in a shorter time period.
measurement of the structural properties of existing road
pavement. 123. The batches shall be so charged into the drum that a portion
a) Pundit Ultra Sonic Concrete Tester of the mixing water shall enter in advance of the cement and
b) Dynamic Core Penetrometer aggregate. The flow of water shall be uniform and all water

should be in the drum by the end of the _15_ seconds of the 133. _Extraction Test_ determines the asphalt content in the
mixing period bituminous mixes.

124. The time elapsed from the time water is added to the mix 134. Cast in place concrete shall not be post-tensioned until at
until the concrete is deposited at the site shall not exceed _90_ least _10_ days and until the compressive strength has reached
minutes when concrete is hauled in the truck. the strength specified

125. When concrete is delivered in truck mixers, additional water 135. This is the characteristic generally used for calculation of
may be added to the batch and additional mixing performed to the volume occupied by the aggregate in various mixture
increase the slump to meet the specified requirement if containing aggregates including Portland Cement concrete,
permitted by the Engineer, provided all these operation are bituminous concrete, and other mixtures that are proportioned
performed within _45_ minutes after the initial mixing or analyzed on an absolute volume basis. Answere: Bulk
operation and the water and cement ratio is not exceeded Specific Gravity

126. Concrete not placed within _90_ minutes from the time the 136. _Apparent Specific Gravity_ pertains to the relative
ingredients were charge into the mixing drum should not be density of the soil material making up the constituents particle
use. not including the pore space within the particles that is
accessible to water.
127. The completed pavement shall be accepted on a lot basis. A
lot shall be considered as _500_ linear meter double lane 137. Weight of sandy soil needed for Hydrometer test is _100
128. Each lot shall be divided into _5_ equal segment and one
core will be obtained from each segment in accordance with 138. Weight of silty or clayey soil needed for Hydrometer test is
AASHTO T24. _50 grams_

129. Aggregate account for 92 95% of the weight of the 139. These are widely used to control the characteristics of soil
bituminous mix while asphalts for 5 8% of the weight of the which are to be incorporated in roadway. Ans. Liquid and
mix. The exact percentage to be used is determine by the _Trial Plastic Limits
140. This is defined as the highest moisture content of which the
130. _Blue smoke_ is an indication that the asphalt is over mass attains its minimum volume but continues to lose
heated weight /mass.

131. The penetrator test is an indication of the _Consistancy_ of Ans. Shrinkage Limit
the asphalt
141. _Le Chattelier Flask___ is an apparatus used in
132. _Marshall Stability Test_is the most common used determination of specific gravity of Hydraulic Cement.
method in the design and evaluation of bituminous concrete
mixes 142. _Autoclave Machine_ is an equipment used in
determination of soundness of Portland Cement

143. Asphalt shall be homogeneous, free from water, and shall Ans. 49.63 +/- 0.23 mm ( 1935 cu m )
not foam when heated to _175* C(347* F)_
156. The temperature of the asphalt cement delivered to the
144. _Cement Mixing Test of Asphalt_ indicate the rate at mixer shall be as required to achieve a kinetic viscosity in the
which the asphalt emulsion will break when mix with aggregate. range of ______. Ans. 150 to 300 cu m/s or 150 to
300 centistokes
145. The lost in weight of rock used in gabions when tested to
sodium sulfate, soundness loss shall not exceeds__9%__ 157. ______ is the viscosity used to grade asphalt cement .
Ans. 149 F ( 60*C )
146. Gabions dimensions are subject to a tolerance limit of _+/-
3%_ 158. The coarse aggregate used in asphalt mix is ____ .

147. The pour point of concrete joint sealer shall be at least 11*C Ans. Retained by 2.36mm (no. 8 sieve)
(20*F) lower than the safe heating temperature, which is the
maximum temperature to which the material may be heated 159. The application temperature of emulsified asphalt range
without exceeding the permitted flow. from ____.
Ans. 10-71*C
148. The penetration of concrete joint sealer, Hot Poured Elastic
Type shall not exceed_90_ 160. When the tar is used for seal coats, it shall be heated to free
flowing but not to exceed ___________. Ans. 149*C
149. The CBR is generally selected at _2.54 mm (0.10 in)_
penetration. 161. _______ is used to determine the soil strength parameter.

150. If the ratio at 5.08 mm (0.21 in ) penetration is greater, Ans. Unconfined and Tri-Axial Compression Test
there should be _Rerun_
162. ________ is used to determine the settlement characteristic
151. If the check test gives a similar result, the ratio at 5.08 mm of soil. Ans. Consolidation
penetration shall be__adopted or used__
163. The weight of disturbed samples from hard auger or split
152. The penetration piston of CBR machine should have a spoon shall be at least__________ Ans. 1.0 kg
uniform penetration at a rate of __1.30 mm/min__
164. The undisturbed samples from Shellby Tube shall be
153. During soaking maintain the water level in the mold and the at least______. Ans.. 18 long
soaking tank is approximately __25.40 mm ( 1.0 in )__ above
the top of the specimen 165. _______ determines the pile bearing capacity by loading one
or more piles and measuring settlement under load. Ans. Pile
154. Soak the specimen for _96 hours ( 4days )__ Load Test

155. The diameter of penetration piston is ____ .

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166. ________ determines the in-site shear strength of soft to 175. This test determines the total bitumen content of a asphaltic
medium clay. Ans. Vane Shear Test materials, which is the actual cementing constituent of the
167. _______ determine the soil bearing capacity by loading a Ans.. Solubility Test
steel plate usually 30 inches in diameter. Ans. Plate Bearing
Test 176. This is an accelerated test to show the loss of volatiles when
the sample is heated at 163*C for five hours and the loss due to
168. Laboratory which measures, examines, calibrate or volatilization is determined.
otherwise determine the characteristic or performance Ans Loss on Heating
materials or products.
177. This test classifies the different asphalt into types and the
Ans.. Testing Laboratory different types into grade.
Ans.. Consistency Test
169. Standard technical procedure to determine one or more
specified characteristic of material product is called___. Ans. 178. For liquid asphaltic materials, this test is run on the residue
Test Method after distillation.. Ans.. Quality Test

170. A document which prevents the test results and other 179. This is one of the most important engineering properties of
information relevant to test is called _____ Ans.. Test Report soil. It is defined as its ability to resist sliding along internal
surface within the mass..
171. __________ is a document signed by the Director of BRS Ans.. Shearing Strength of Soil
issued to Testing laboratory authorizing them to perform the
required test in behalf of DPWH. Ans. Certificate of 180. This is an arbitrary measurement of consistency and is the
Accreditation basis of classification of all solid and semi-solid asphalt.
Ans.. Penetration Test of Asphalt
172. This test have been developed to measure the loss of
cohesion as a result of water action on the compacted 181. This is a process to measure the consistency of liquid
bituminous mixture. asphaltic materials to determine their fluidity or resistance to
Ans. Film Stripping & Immersion Compression Test flow.
Ans.. Viscosity Test
173. This mean porosity or perviousness of the mixture, a dense
grade mix prevent water from entering the base through the 182. _________ was developed in order to differentiate bituminous
surface. materials with respect to hardening characteristic.
Ans.. Permeability Ans.. Thin Film Oven Test

174. This is used in classifying liquid asphalt into grades. It is 183. Plant-mixed bituminous mixtures should be sampled in
useful as a measure to control of consistency, particularly when accordance with the Standard Method of Sampling Bituminous
run at the temperature of intended application Mixture. A sample not less than ______ kg is taken and place in
Ans Viscosity Test sample bag that would insure against contamination. This is

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taken every 75 cu m or 130 tons of mix. 193. In asphalting work, there are _______ phase of rolling
Ans.. 10 kgs a) 2 c)1
b) 3 d) 4
184. The bearing blocks of the compression machine should be at
least _____ greater than the diameter of the specimen. 194. The _____ test determines the asphalt content in the
Ans.. 3.0 % bituminous mix. a) Grading
185. The bottom bearing block shall be at least _____ thick when b)Bulk Specific Gravity d) Absorption
new Ans. 1.0 ( 22.50
mm ) 195. In a bituminous mix, there are 3 kinds of aggregate. What
kind of passes the no. 200 sieve?
186. The bottom bearing block shall be at least _______ thick after a) Coarse c) Mineral Filler
any resurfacing operations.. Ans. 0.9 ( 22.50 mm ) b) Fine d) Admixture

187. The curing temperature of a specimen before testing is 196. Liquid asphalt is also called ___________.
______. Ans. 18*C to 24*C a) Cutback asphalt c) Blown asphalt
b) Emulsion d) Asphalt cement
188. The apparatus used to determine the flash point of asphaltic
material is called ____ Ans. Cleveland Open 197. The different test for soil classification are:
Cup a) compaction and FDT
b) Hydrometer test and moisture content
189. The asphalt samples for ductility and penetration test c) Grading, LL and PL test
should be subjected to water bath at a temperature of 25*C for
____. 198. The apparatus/equipment used in the liquid limit and plastic
Ans.. 11/2 hours limit test is called___ . a) sieves and chisel
c) mortar and pestle
190. The concrete shall not be left exposed for more than ____ b) Atterberg Device and glass plate
hour between stages of curing or during the curing period.
Ans.. hour 199. _________ is a method of laboratory sampling.
a) Mixing c) Proportioning
191. The rate of application of bituminous prime coat is ____. b) Using mechanical splitter/quartering
a) 1-2L/sq. m. c) 0.2-1.5L/sq. m.
b) 0.2-0.7L/sq. m. d) 0.5-2L/sq. m. 200. In laboratory compaction test/moisture density relation test,
what is the specification of rammer?
192. Another name for asphalt joint filler is_______. a) 5.5 lb. (2.5 kg) with 12 in drop c) 10 lb. (4.5 kg) in weight
a) asphalt cement c) blown asphalt with 18 in drop b) 8 lb. (3.6 kg) in weight with
b) rock asphalt d) cutback asphalt 16 in drop

201. What is the specification of mass present passing in sieve

0.075 mm (No. 200 ) grading A for aggregate base course.

12 -
a) 20-14 c) 0 6 b) 90%
b) 0 12 c) 85%

202. The number of specimen samples in testing concrete hollow 210. The CBR value of aggregate subbase course is not less than
block is _____. ____. a) 25%
a) 6 pcs./20,000 units (3 for absorption test and 3 for strength b)35%
test ) b) 4 pcs./20,000 units c) 30%
c) 8 pcs./20,000 units
211. The minimum compressive strength for class A concrete is
203. Is it really necessary to cure concrete specimen? ________. a) 3,000 psi. ( 20.7
a) Yes c) No MN/sq. m )
b) None of the two b) 2,400 psi. ( 16.7 MN/sq. m. )
c) 5,000 psi. ( 37.7 MN/sq. m. )
204. The kind of test that determines the consistency of concrete
is _____. a) Slump test 212. What is the significance of determination of the tensile
c) Abrasion test properties of reinforcing steel bars? a) This method is
b) Specific Gravity intended to determine the yield and tensile strength of the bar
as well as its elongation, and is used to classify the bars into
205. What is the dimension of concrete cylindrical sample? grade b) This
a) 6 dia. And 12 high c) 8 dia. And 14 high method is intended to evaluate the ductile properties of the
b) 4 dia and 8 high reinforcing bars c) None of the above

206. In the absence of concrete beam mold at the project site, 213. A tie bar should be ______
are concrete cylindrical molds allowed by the specification to be a) deformed bar b) round bar c) flat bar
used in sampler for item 311 PCCP?
a) Yes b) may be 214. A dowel bar should be ____________.
c) No a) deformed bar b) round bar c) flat bar

207. The minimum percent compaction for embankment is 215. The mortar for masonry shall consist of ________.
_______. a) 92% a) one part Portland Cement and 2 parts of sand
c) 95% b) one part Portland Cement and 3 parts of sand
c) 97% c) one part Portland Cement and 4 parts of sand

208. The minimum percent compaction for base of the road is 216. The apparatus used to measure the thickness or height of
______. a) 100% compacted bituminous paving mixture.
b)110% a) Ruler b) Vernier Califer c) Steel
c) 105% Tape

209. The CBR value of aggregate base course is not less than 217. It is used in calculating the unit weight of the mixture and
____. a) 80% the degree of compaction of the asphalt pavement.

13 -
a) Bulk Specific Gravity of compacted bituminous mixtures
using saturated surface dry specimen. 225. ________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of
b) Dry unit weight of compacted bituminous mixtures asphalt cement and oil. a) Slow Curing
c) Mass of specimen in water Cutback
b) Emulsified Asphalt
218. The test which covers the quantitative determination of c) Blown Asphalt
bitumen in hot- mixed paving mixtures and pavement samples
for specification acceptance, service evaluation, control and 226. ________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of
research. a) Extraction b) Spot Test asphalt cement and gasoline a) rapid Curing
Flash Point Cutback
b) Blown Asphalt
219. The solvent used in extraction of bitumen is _____. c) Joint Filler
a) Diesel oil b) Gasoline c) Water
227. Asphalt is defined as _________.
220. The percent of bitumen content is computed based on a) A petroleum product
______. a) mass of raw b) A dark brown to black cementitious materials whose
sample b) mass of dry aggregate c)mass of consistency range s from solid to semi-solid and whose main
asphalt constituent is called bitumen which is either found in nature or
as a residue in petroleum refining.
221. The method used to determine the grading of aggregate c) None of the above
extracted from bituminous mixture is ____.
a) Mechanical analysis of extracted aggregate 228. It is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of asphalt
b) Stability Test cement and water with emulsified with pungent odor.
c) Viscosity a) Emulsified Asphalt b) Asphalt Cement c)
Rapid Curing Asphalt
222. The drying temperature of sample is ________
a) 110 +/- 5*C b) 100 +/- 5*C 229. Joint filler in concrete pavement is a __________.
c)100*C a) Blown Asphalt b) Hot asphalt c)
Liquid asphalt
223. _______ is a solid asphalt which is a basic constituent of all
other asphalt called as hot asphalt or penetration grade 230. A device used to measure the relative hardness of asphalt is
asphalt. __________. a) Penetrometer
a) Asphalt Cement b) Emulsified Asphalt b) Spectometer c) Vicat Apparatus
c) Cutback Asphalt
231. A property of asphalt cement to stretch without breaking is
224. ________ is a kind of liquid asphalt which is a mixture of called________. a) Ductility
asphalt cement and kerosene. b) Durability c)Tensile
a) Medium Curing Cutback
b) Asphalt Cement
c) Rapid Curing Cutback

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232. It is a point where the volatile components of asphalt will
evaporate. a) Fire Point 241. ____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement
b) Flash Point c) Center Point to resist disintegration or deterioration due to the action of
water, traffic and changing climate
233. It determines whether asphalt is over heated or not during a) Durability b) Flexibility
the process of manufacture. a) Spot Test c)Ductility
b) Boil Test c) Extraction Test
242. ____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement
234. An apparatus used to determine the specific gravity of adjust itself to settlement a) Flexibility
asphalt is called ______. a) Metal Pycnometer b) Rigidity Hardness
b) Glass Pycnometer c) any bottle
243. These are the factor affecting the workability of bituminous
235. Consistency test for asphalt is called___________. mixes a) Gradation of
a) Viscosity b) Slump test aggregate, quality of asphalt, and temperature of mix
c) Loss in ting b) Surface texture and temperature mix
c) Quantity of aggregates and asphalt content
236. A process of volatilization test which measures the relative
proportion of asphalt to oil. a) Distillation 244. The dry molded asphalt sample in the immersion
b) Extraction c)Float Test compression test is submerged in water for ____.
a) 4 days b) 4 hours c) 2 days
237. It is a period wherein the asphalt begins to melt.
a) Softening Point b)Boiling Point 245. The percent index retention is computed in the formula
c)Fire Point ___________. a) Wet Stability/Dry
Stability x 100
238. The sampling requirement of asphalt is _____ . b) Dry Stability/Wet Stability x 100
a) 1 sample for every 200 drums or 40 metric tons c) Wet Stability Dry Stability/Dry Stability x 100
b) 1 sample for every 100 drums
c) 1 sample for every shipment 246. The sampling requirement of bituminous mixes is _____.
a) 1 sample for every 75 cu. m.
239. The component of bituminous mixes which range from 92 to b) 1 sample for every 150 cu. m.
96% is called __________. a) Bituminous Blended c) 1 sample per delivery per day
b) Concrete Aggregate 247. The application of liquid asphaltic material on a prepared
c) Sand untreated base is _____.
a) Prime Coating
240. ____________ is a property of bituminous mixes in pavement b) Seal Coating
to resist deformation or displacement due to impose load or c) Tack Coating
repeated loading.
a) Stability b)Flexibility 248. The application of liquid asphaltic material to an existing
c)Tensile surface is ____ . a) Tack Coating

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c) Prime Coating 256. The percent asphalt content in hot laid bituminous mixture
b) Seal Coating range from ______ a) 5-8%
b) 4-6% c) 5-10%
249. The application of asphaltic material and aggregate to an
existing surface for the purpose of sealing it against the 257. The placing temperature for bituminous mixture measured
infiltration of water or surface moisture is called ____ in the truck prior to dumping is ______.
a) Seal Coating b) Tack Coating c) a) at least 107*C b) at least 120*C c) at least
Prime Coating 150*C

250. The rate of application of prime coating using cutback 258. The second phase of rolling the spread bituminous mixture
asphalt is ______. a) 1-2 liters/sq. m is called breakdown rolling which is the one responsible to
b) 0.5-1 liter/ sq. m c) 2-3 liters/sq. m attain the maximum density. This rolling is carried out by the
use of ______.
251. The rate of application of tack coating using liquid or a) pneumatic roller b) steel roller c)
emulsified asphalt is __________. sheepfoot roller
a) 0.2-0.7 li/sq.m b) 0.1-0.5 li/sq. m c) 2
li/sq. m. 259. The significance of final rolling is to remove the roller marks
to previous rolling in order to have a good finish pavement with
252. The rate of application of seal coat using asphalt cement is a temperature of 160*F.
________. a) 0.9-1.8 li/sq. m a) True b) False c) Maybe
b) 10-11 li/sq. m c) 8-9 li/sq. m
260. The proper way of rolling should begin at
253. The rate of application of seal coat using cutback asphalt is _____________________. a) the
________. a) 1.5-3.0li/sq. m sides and proceeds longitudinally towards the roads center,
b) 2.0-3.0 li/sq. m c) 1-2 li/sq .m each strip overlapping on half the roller width, gradually
progressing the crown of the road
254. The primary quality control mechanism for the production of b) the center and proceeding longitudinally toward the side of
asphalt mies with high degree of uniformity that will satisfy job the road c) any part of the road
requirement is ________________. provided each strip overlapping on half the roller width
a) Job mix formula b) Quality control formula c) Assurance
261. What is the minimum degree of compaction of asphalt
255. The objective of designing the asphalt mixture is pavement? a) not lee than
determination of ______. a) Type and 97% of the density of the laboratory compacted specimen
grade of asphalt, proportion of coarse, fine and mineral filler, if b) not less than 100% of the density of the laboratory
used and asphalt content. compacted specimen
b) To produce a desirable characteristic of pavement which are c) not less than 85% of the density of the laboratory compacted
stable, durable, flexible and skid resistance. specimen
C) All of the above
262. What is the color of asphalt when it is overcook?
a) yellowish brown b) black c)gray

16 -
a) 12 mass percent b) 15 mass percent 10
263. _____________ determines the thickness and density of mass percent
compacted asphalt pavement.
a) Core test b) FDT c) X-ray 271. The mass percent of wear of coarse aggregates for item 311
when tested by AASHTO 96 is not greater than ____________.
264. The cored sample of asphalt pavement is measured at a) 40% b) 45% c)
______________. a) approximately 50%
quarter points
b) three points 272. The design of concrete mix specified by the blue book is
c) two points based on ________________.
a) Absolute Volume Method b) Area Method c) American
265. Too much asphalt content in the bituminous mixes causes Method
____________ . a) bleeding b)
potholes c) cracks 273. The minimum flexural strength requirement of beam sample
when tested by third point loading method is ____________.
266. The wearing away of the pavement surface caused by the a) 3.5 Mpa b) 3.8 Mpa c)
dislodging of aggregate particle is called ______________. 4.0 Mpa
a) raveling b) alligator crack c) rutting
274. The minimum flexural strength requirement of beam sample
267. Interconnected cracks forming a series of small blocks when tested by midpoint method is ____________.
resembling an alligators skin or chicken wire is called a) 4.5 Mpa b) 3.5 Mpa c) 5.0
____________. Mpa
a) alligator cracking b) reflection cracking c)
bleeding 275. ____________ are additives used in mixing concrete.
a) sodium chloride b) admixtures c)
268. __________ is the type of cement to be used in the DPWH curing agent
infrastructure project as indicated in the Blue Book.
a) Portland Cement Type I b) Pozzolan Cement Portland 276. ____________ determines the consistency of concrete.
Cement Type II a) Slump Test b) consolidation test c)
269. If the fine aggregates are subjected to five cycles of sodium
sulfate soundness test, the weighted loss shall not exceed 277. Equipment used in the consolidation of fresh concrete.
___________ a) jack hammer b) vibrator c)
a) 10 mass percent b) 5 mass percent c) 3 drilling machine
mass percent
278. The prescribed forms to be used in concrete paving is called
270. If the coarse aggregate are subjected to five cycles of ____________ a) steel forms
sodium sulfate soundness test, the weighted loss shall not b) wooden c) combination of steel and wood

17 -
279. The initial setting time of Portland cement is not less than 288. The critical number of days of curing concrete is
_________________. ____________. a) first seven
a) 30 min. b) 60 min. c) days b) first 10 days c) 28 days
90 min.
289. The standard dimension of concrete cylindrical sample is
280. The final setting time of Portland cement Type I is ___________. a) 6 dia. and 12 tall
_____________. a) 10 hrs. b) 6 dia. and 6 tall c) 6 dia. and 8 tall
b) 24 hrs. c) 36 hrs.
290. There are two layers in performing sampling of beam
281. The standard sand used in testing the mortar strength of samples. How many number of blows are required per layer?
Portland cement is called __________. a) Ottawa Sand a) 63 blows b) 75 blows c) 50
b) Beach Sand c) River Sand blows

282. The apparatus used in determining the fineness of Portland 291. There are three layers in performing sampling of concrete
cement by air permeability is __________ . cylinder. How many blows are required per layer?
a) Blaine Air Permeability Apparatus a) 25 blows b) 30 blows c ) 35
b) Sieve No. 200 blows
c) Gillmore
292. The formula which determines the proportion of the mix
283. A mixture of cement and water is called ____________. which can meet the desired strength requirement of concrete is
a) cement paste b) mortar paste called____________.
c) concrete paste a) design of concrete mix b) Boyles Formula c)
Bernoulis Formula
284. The apparatus used to determine the initial and final setting
of cement in the laboratory is _________. 293. The minimum testing requirement for every project is
a) Gillmore needles b) Bailey needle c) indicated in a duly approved________. a) Quality Control
Vicat apparatus Program
b) Program of Work
285. The compressive strength of cement mortar sample in seven c) Work Schedule
days is not less than _________. a) 19.3 MN/sq. m
b) 20 MN/sq. m c) 24 MN/sq. m 294. It is prescribed in each project based on estimated
quantities and specifies the kind and number of test for each
286. What is the appearance of the molded cement paste which item of work.
fails to meet the autoclave expansion.______________. a) Minimum number of work
a) crumble b) shiny c) changes color b) Minimum Testing Requirement
c) Work Schedule
287. The dimension of beam sample for paving concrete is
___________. a) 6 x 6 x 21 295. Embankment materials delivered at the job site was about
b) 6 x 6 x 24 c) 4 x 4 x218 12,000 cu. m. The minimum test requirement calls for 1 G, P,

18 -
C for every 1,500 cu. m. 303. In item 311 and 405, grading is perform _______________.
a) 10 G, P, C b) 8 G, P, C c) 6 G, P, C a) for every 75 cu. m.
b) for every 300 cu. m.
296. of There is 1 Q cement required for every c) none
_________________. a) 4,000
bags or fraction thereof 304. For pipe culverts and storm drains, the minimum test is 1
b) 2,000 bags or fraction thereof Pipe for every 50 pipes. What is the alternative requirement?
c) 10,000 bags a) 1 set consisting of 3 concrete cylinder samples for not more
than 25 pipes cast in the field and 1 inspection report for each
297. There is Q of cement required for every size for not more than 25 pipes cast in the field.
____________________. a) 20,000 b) inspection report is enough
kg or fraction thereof c) Mill Certificate
b) 10,000 kg or fraction thereof
c)115,000 kg or fraction thereof 305. The minimum test requirement for paint is ______________.
a) 1 sample for every 100 cans or fraction thereof
298. How many set of beam samples taken for every 75 cu. m. of b) 1 sample for every 50 cans or fraction thereof
concrete poured per day? c) Mill Certificate
a) one ( 1 ) set b) two ( 2 ) sets
c) three ( 3 ) sets 306. The minimum test requirement for water used in concrete
for a questionable source is ______.
299. In a completed pavement, what is the minimum core a) P.E. Certificate b) 1 Quality Test
samples required before payment is effected? (Assuming that c) Inspection Report
the thickness is 23 cm. )
a) Five holes per km per lane b) One hole per 500m 307. Based on the maximum dry density obtained by laboratory
c) P.E. Certificate test, the degree of compaction required for aggregate subbase
should be at least _______________________.
300. In a Barangay road, what is the minimum requirement for a) 95% c) 100%
thickness determination of its completed pavement? b) 98% d) none of the above
a) Five holes per km per lane b) P.E. Certificate
c) One hole 308. Per our present Specification for Highways and Bridges
including amendments, it is mandatory to open PCCP to traffic
301. A qulity test is one of the minimum requirement for item not later than ___________.
200 aggregate subbase course. a) True a) 7 days after pouring b) 21 days after pouring
b) False c)optional c) 14 days after pouring d) 28 days after pouring

302. There is no CBR test for item 300 aggregate surface 309. In casting reinforced concrete railings, the concrete used is
course. a) True _____________.
b) False c) optional a) Class A1 c) Class C1
b) Class A2 d) any of the preceding

19 -
318. If angular coarse aggregate is used in a concrete mix, it will
310. For efficient compaction, the embankment materials should require more ________________
at the time of rolling be ______. a) water c) water and fine aggregates
a) dry c) at optimum moisture b) fine aggregates d) neither a and b
content b) wet
d) at maximum moisture content 319. The most favorable period for curing concrete is
______________. a) during the
311. For a road base course the most preferable material is one first few days or week
with CBR of ____________. b) after 3 days
a) 60 c) 50 c) after one week
b) 30 d) 80 d) before 28 days

312. Peat and muck are ______________. 320. Lower water content ratio in concrete mixes improves
a) fair subgrade spoil c) unstable soil ________________. a) strength
b) stable soil d) good subgrade c) water tightness
soil b) durability d) all of the preceding

313. The slump test on concrete is a measure ______________ 321. When concrete must be placed in a sloping surface, placing
a) strength c) consistency should start at the __________. a) bottom
b) unit weight d) durability c) can be top or bottom
b) top
314. The fineness modulus is highest of _________________.
a) fine sand c) very coarse sand 322. The maximum percent abrasion loss allowed for concrete
b) very fine sand d) coarse sand coarse aggregate is __________. a) 30%
c) 45%
315. If concrete is continuously moist cured, it will gain strength b) 40% d) 50%
beyond 180 days.
a) True c) it depends on curing temperature 323. The plasticity index of aggregate base course should be not
b) False greater than ___________. a) 6
316. The quality of paying concrete is usually measured by its b) 8 d) 12
_____________. a) compressive
c) flexural 324. In casting of reinforced concrete pile, the concrete used is
b) tensile d) bond strength ____________. a) A1
c) C1
317. Generally speaking, batching of concrete aggregates by b) D d) C2
volume is preferable than weight.
a) True c) False 325. The natural water content of highly organic soil is __________.
b) they are the same a) less than 20 c) between 50 and 100
b) between 20 and 50 d) more than 100%

20 -
334. The empirical number used in design is ____________.
326. Which of the following dead load is equivalent for loose a) plasticity index b) group index
sand, earth and gravel fill? c) both of the preceding
a) 2,403 tons/cu. m. c) 1,603 tons/cu. m.
b) 1,922 tons/cu. m. d) 2,150 tons/cu. m. 335. Soil is fully saturated at optimum moisture content.
a) true b) false c) it
327. Rate of application for curing compound is _______________. depends on void ratio
a) 0.30 li/sq. m. c) 0.15 li/sq. m.
b) 0.20 li/sq. m. d) 0.10 li/sq. m. 336. Water content of soil is generally base on ____________.
a) total weight of soil c) weight of solids
328. During coring of completed pavement, how many cores b) total volume of soil d) unit weight test
/km/lane is required as per specification?
a) 4 c) 6 337. Optimum water content of soil is determined by
b) 5 d) 7 ______________. a) field density
test c) compaction test
329. What is the correct proportion for concrete masonry work? b) liquid limit test d) unit weight test
a) 1: 2 c) 1: 4
b) 1: 3 d) 1 : 5 338. The particle size distribution of soil is determined by
330. The opening of No. 4 sieve is bigger than the opening of a a) liquid limit granular c) sieve analysis test
sieve. a) true b) plastic limit test d) any of the preceding test
b) false c) they are the same
339. Which of the following are most suitable for construction of
331. The standard compaction test on predominantly fine grained highway embankments?
soils is performed on soil fraction passing sieve no. ___________. a) granular c) plastic
a) 200 c) 16 b) fine- grained d) clayey
b) 40 d) 4
340. The particle size distribution of sandy gravel is determined
332. Which plasticity index would you prefer for the base course by ________. a) hydrometer test
of PCCP? a) less than 6 c) dilantacy test
c) 10 to 12 b) sieve test d) any of the preceding test
b) 6 to 9 d) more than 12
341. The best soil for a road subgrade would behave a group
333. A soil which is classified A-7 by the highway research board index of ___________
method will have a subgrade rating of __________. a) less than 3 c) 11 to 15
a) excellent c) fair b) 5 to 10 d) 16 to 20
b) good d) poor
342. The highest moisture content in the plastic state of fine
grained soil is the ___________. a) liquid limit
b) plastic limit

21 -
have an area of__________.
343. Which of the following is characterizes unsuitable materials? a) 500 sq. m. c) 600 sq. m.
a) soil with liquid limit exceeding 80 b) 335 sq. m. d) 400 sq. m.
b) plasticity index exceeding 55
c) soil with natural water content exceeding 100% 351. Control slip shall have an area of approximately ____________.
d) all of the above a) 500 sq. m. c) 600 sq. m.
b) 335 sq. m. d) 400 sq. m.
344. Shringkage factor test is _______________.
a) test to determine pay volume 352. Fine aggregate used in asphalt mix is the one
b) test to determine strength characteristic ________________. a) passing
c) test to determine volume change the no. 8 sieve
d) test to determine maximum density b) passing the no. 30 sieve
c) passing the no. 200 sieve
345. Soil is fully saturated if the water content is ______________. d) returned the no. 8 sieve
a) at optimum amount c) more than 100&%
b) 100% d) none of the 353. The corrugation produce by brooming is _____________.
peceeding a) 1.5 mm. c) 2.5 mm.
b) 2.0 mm. d) 1.0 mm.
346. The density to which a soil can be compacted is related to
____________. a) compactive effort 354. The higher the ________, the lower the penetration.
c) both a and b a) specific gravity c) durability
b) water content d) neither a or b b) viscosity d) solubility

347. Specification require 1 quality test every ___________ of 355. The required thickness of the thermoplastic paint in PCCP is
asphalt mix. a) 40 ton __________. a) 3.2 to 4.8 mm.
c) 50 tons c) 3.3 to 3.8 mm.
b) 130 tons d) 150 tons b) 3.0 to 4.5 mm. d) 3.2 to 4.0 mm

348. All asphalt are _______, they became harder as temperature 356. What percent of hydrated lime shall be added to the mixture
decreases and softer as their temperature increases. during mixing operation of asphalt mix?
a) thermoplastic c) brittle a) 0.5 to 1.0 mass % c) 0.75 to 1.2 mass %
b) hyrophobic d) none of the above b) 1.0 to 1.5 mass % d) 0.2 to 0.7 mass %

349. The viscosity of the asphalt during mixing and lay down is 357. As Materials Engineer, what would you recommend in order
____________. a) viscosity at 135*C to check the suitability and efficiency of the equipment to used
c) viscosity at 60*C prior to subbase construction for item 310, Bituminous Concrete
b) viscosity at 125*C d) viscosity at 163*C Surface Course?
a) make a trial section c) make trial mix
350. The trial section for compaction for each type of fill b) establish control strips d) none of the above
materials and type of equipment to be used in the work should

22 -
358. Quality of factor produced reinforced concrete pipes may
be best established through what? 365. Initial rolling of bituminous mixes shall be performed with a
a) compressive strength test ______ roller. a) vibrator
b) flexural strength test c) sheepfoot
c) core test b) pneumatic d) none of the above
d) crushing strength test
366. In abituminous mix sample, what is the % of asphalt by a)
359. Result of Immersion Compression test conducted on a weight of aggregate and by b) weight of mix? Given the
bituminous mix sample are as follow: Dry stability + 2,000 Kpa, following data: Weight of dry aggregates (after extraction) =
Wet stability = 1,000 Kpa, What is the resulting Index of 950 grams: Weight of Mix = 1010.
Retained Strength? A. a) 6.32% b)5.50% c) 6.0% d) none of the
a) 60% c) 50% above B. a) 5.50% b)
b) 55% d) 70% 6.32% c) 6.0% d) 5.94%

360. In DPWH Contract Projects, Quality Control is the sole 367. What grade of asphalt has a penetration grade of 0 30?
responsibility of ___________. a) emulsified asphalt c) blown asphalt
a) the DPWH project personnel b) asphalt cement d) none of the above
b) the governments Materials Engineer
c) the Contractor 368. Problems regarding quality of construction materials shall be
reported directly by the Contractors Materials Engineer to the
361. As Materials Engineer, when is the right time to start ____________. a)
sampling and testing of materials to be incorporated into the DPWH Materials Engineer c) Contractors Project
work? Engineer b) Contractor
a) before final payment b) before start of work items d) none of the above
c) before first partial payment
369. If the RC pipes in the forgoing problem is not cast in the
362. The Spot Test on asphalt is used to determine what? field, how many pipes will be required to be subjected to the
a) cleanliness c) safe working Crushing Strength test?
temperature b)overheating during a) 75 pcs. b) 70 pcs. c) 100 pcs
manufacture d) viscosity of the mix
370. How many concrete cylinder samples are required for 3,500
363. Under what climate conditions do we use higher penetration pcs. of reinforced concrete pipes? a) 14 sets of 3
grade asphalt cement? a) hot climate c) 75 sets of 3
c) cold climate b) 140 sets of 3 d) none of the above
b) rainy weather d) none of the above
371. What is the bitumen obtained from the distillation coal or
364. What is the basis for rejection or acceptance of any wood? a) rock asphalt
construction materials? a) Certificate c) emulsion
of Billing c) Statement of work accomplished b) tar d) none of the above
b) Materials Test Report d) none of the abcve

23 -
372. How do you reduce the viscosity of Medium Curing a) pneumatic roller b) sheepfoot roller c) tandem- smooth
Cutback Asphalt? By mixing it with _______. wheeled roller
a) gasoline c) kerosene
b) diesel d) emulsion 380. What is the maximum speed of the roller in compaction of
asphalt pavement? a) 4 kph
373. What establish the exact percent of aggregates and asphalt c) 8 kph
content in a bituminous mix _______. b) 5 kph d) 6 kph
a) design mix c) job mix formula
b) job order d) extraction formula 381. What shall be checked after final rolling?
a) degree of compaction b) optimum asphalt content
374. What greatly influence the serviceability of an asphalt c) quantity of aggregates
pavement? a) quality of
aggregates and climate 382. When is the completed asphalt pavement opened to traffic?
b) penetration grade and quantity of asphalt a) when the asphalt has cooled to atmospheric temperature
c) density and compaction of completed pavement b) when the asphalt has cooled to +/- 10*C of the spreading
temperature c) when asphalt is still
375. In asphalt pavement construction, how is the surface level hot
of the completed pavement check? a) by T core test
b) by density test c) by the use of 3 meter straight edge 383. The apparatus used in determining the consistency of
asphalt cement is ___________. a) penetrometer
376. What primarily influence the grade of asphalt to be b) viscometer c) thermometer
selected? a) penetration
c) climate 384. How is the consistency of liquid asphalt determined?
b) class of aggregate d) temperature a) viscometer b) Tag open cup c) penetrometer

377. Who will approve the Job Mix Formula? 385. The Optimum Asphalt Content obtained in Marshall Stability
a) DPWH Project/Materials Engineer Test is the average asphalt content of the Maximum Stability,
b) Contractor Maximum Bulk Specific Gravity, and _________________. a) 4%
c) Contractors Materials Engineer Air Voids b) 2 mm flow c) 5% mineral
378. What control during the mixing and compaction of the
bituminous pavement is of great significance in the resulting 386. What test determines the safe working temperature of the
pavement? asphalt? a) Ductility test
a) compaction c) grading of aggregates b) Flash Point Test c) Stability Test
b) density d) temperature
387. _________________ are usually tested for extraction.
379. In asphalt pavement construction, there are three phases of a) Asphalt Mixes b) emulsions c) asphalt
rolling; what kind of roller is required to be used for the final cement
compaction and smoothing?

24 -
388. Steel bars for the concrete reinforcement are tested for their 397. Mortar that is not used within ______ minutes after the
__________ properties. a) tensile and bending water has been added shall be discarded.
b) compressive c) crushing Ans. 90 minutes

389. What method is used in determining the strength of 398. Maximum projection of rock faces beyond the pitch lines
concrete pipes? a) third point shall not be more than _____. Ans.. 50 mm.
loading method
b) center point loading method 399. In hot or dry weather, the masonry shall be satisfactory
c) three edge bearing method protected from the sun and shall be kept wet for a period at
least _________ after completion.
390. How many units shall be tested for strength, moisture and Ans.. Three ( 3 ) days
absorption in a lot of 120,000 CHB Ans.. 18 units
400. For pavement markings, the composition of white paint shall
391. For 250 gallons of Reflectorized Traffic Paint, how many be _______ pigment and ______% of vehicle
samples are required to be submitted for Quality Testing? Ans.. 42 45 % pigment ; 53 55% vehicle
a) 3 samples b) 2 samples c) 4 samples
401. The composition of yellow paint shall be _______ pigment
392. The bituminous mix should have a mass % of air voids and ______ vehicle. Ans.. 23% pigment
within the range of __________. a) 2 to 3% and 77% vehicle
b) 1 to 4% c) 3 to 5%
402. The __________ material shall be of such quality that it will
393. Traffic paint shall be applied to the pavement at the rate of not darken or become yellow when a thin section is exposed to
0.33 li/sq. m. and shall dry sufficiently to be free it from sunlight.
cracking from ___________. Ans.. Non volatile material
Ans. 150to 30 mins.
403. ___________ consist of beads of good quality, optically clear,
394. This is the only class of riprap that may consist of round lead free glass with not less than 90% reasonably spherical and
natural stones. Ans.. Class A free from flows.
Riprap Ans. Ballotini for reflective road paint

395. The surface of riprap shall not vary from the theoretical 404. ___________ is a reflector which shall be the short base type
surface by more than _________ mm. ay any point. having a maximum base area of 180 mm x 140 mm.
Ans.. 100 mm. Ans. Flash surface reflective stud

396. Fine aggregates of masonry shall all passes the ________ 405. The pads shall be highly resilient and durable rubber
mm. sieve. Ans.. 2.36 mm (No. reinforced with canvas and shall have a design life of at least
8 sieve ) ____________.
Ans. Five ( 5 ) years

25 -
406. The reflectors shall have the minimum specific intensity mix with a controlled void content and high stability is called.
value expressed as ______ of illumination. Ans. Dense graded aggregate
Ans.. Candle power per foot candle
416. The bituminous material used to fill and seal cracks in
407. The reflector shall support a vertical load of _____ when existing pavement is called______. Ans. Crack filler
tested. Ans. 10 KN
417. The application of sprayed bituminous coatings not involving
408. When raised profile type reflector are specified the the use of aggregate is called_____.
approved _______ epoxy adhesive shall be used . Ans. Bituminous application
Ans. Two ( 2 ) parts
418. A mixture of bituminous material and mineral aggregate
409. Expansion joint filler having a nominal thickness of less than usually prepared in a conventional hot mix plant or drum
________ mm. shall not be subject to a requirement for water mixer at a temperature of not more than ______ and spread and
absorption. compacted at the job site at a temperature above _______.
Ans. 9.5 mm Ans. 260*F (127*C)/200*F (93*C)

410. Expansion joint filler having a nominal thickness of less 419. __________ is an application of low viscosity bituminous
than ________ mm. shall not be subject to a requirement for material to an absorptive surface designed to penetrate, bond,
compaction. and stabilize this existing surface and to promote adhesion
Ans.. 13 mm. between it and the new super-impose construction.
Ans. Prime Coat
411. Strip of the joint filler that do not conform to the specified
dimension within the permissible variation of ______ mm. 420. A uniform application of a mixture of emulsified asphalt, fine
thickness ________ in depth shall be reflected. aggregate, mineral filler, and water to an existing pavement ,
Ans. +/- 1.6 to 0 thickness ; +/- 3mm. in depth single or multiple application may be used.
Ans. Slurry Seal
412. These are finely divided residue that result from the
combustion of ground or powdered coal. Ans. Fly Ash 421. _____________ is an application of bituminous material
applied for an existing, relatively non-absorbent surface to
413. A light spray application of asphalt to an existing pavement provide a thorough bond between old and new surfacing.
as a seal to inhibit raveling, or seal the surface or both. Ans. Tack Coat
Ans.. Fog Seal
422. ____________ is a bituminous aggregate application to any
414. A light application of bituminous material for the express type of road or pavement surface for the purpose of providing a
purpose of laying and bonding loose dust. wearing course, or surface seal or both.
Ans.. Dust Binder Ans. Treatment and Seals

415. The aggregate that is graded from the maximum size, down 423. ___________ is a bituminous-sand application to an existing
to and including filler, with the object of obtaining a bituminous pavement to seal the surface and to function as a light

26 -
wearing course.
Ans. Sand Seal 433. What kind of water shall be used in laboratory test
especially if it deals with chemical? Ans.
424. ___________ is a spray application of bituminous material Distilled Water
used to temporarily stabilize a recently seeded area. The
bituminous material can be applied to the soil or to a straw or 434. Liquid limit brass cup with a sample is raised and allowed to
hay mulch as a tie down. drop sharply on the base through a height of what?
Ans. Mulch treatment Ans. 10 mm.

425. ___________ is a combination of bituminous material and 435. How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid
aggregate that is physically mixed by mechanical means, limit device be rotated? Ans. 2 rotation per
spread on the job site and compacted. seconds
Ans. Bituminous Aggregate Mixtures
436. What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT ?
426. __________ is a combination of bituminous material and Ans. Any clean, dry, free- flowing, uncemented and passing #
mineral aggregate applied at ambient temperature for use in 10 and retained # 200 sieve
patching holes, depression and distress area in existing
pavement. Ans. Maintenance Mix 437. What is the degree of compaction of soil having a maximum
dry density of 2,250 kg/cu. m. and wet density of soil from hole
427. __________ is a pavement construction using essentially one- is equivalent to 2,335 kg/cu. m. and average moisture content
size aggregate which penetrated in place by an application of of 8.85%?
high viscosity bituminous material followed by an application of Ans. % degree of compaction = (dry density/Max. dry density )
smaller size course aggregate and thoroughly rolled, x 100 = [2,335/
Ans. Penetration Macadam (1+8.85/100)] / 2,250 x 100
= ( 2,145.15/2,250 ) x 100
428. The glass beads used in traffic paint shall have a minimum = 9.34%
of ______ % true spheres. Ans. 70%
438. What is the standard diameter of an orifice in FDT sand
429. The glass beads shall have a minimum refractive index of cone? Ans. ( 12.7
______ . Ans. 1.50 mm )

430. The white thermoplastic material shall not exceed a 439. Soil properties can be improved by ____________.
yellowish index of ______. Ans. 0.12 a) Adequate compaction c) Maximizing water
content b) Additional binder
431. The thermoplastic material shall have a maximum percent d) Stabilization
residue of _____ after heating at 8 +/- 0.5 hours at 218 +/- 2*C
Ans. 28% 440. As construction progresses, you noticed that the materials
delivered at the project site are different from the one tested
432. The softening point of thermoplastic paint should be _______. and passed the requirement, as Materials Engineer what would
Ans. 102.5+/-9.5*C you do?

27 -
a) Authorize the use of the materials remains constant
b) Conduct immediate retesting of the materials for verification b) decreases d) a or b
purposes c) Reject materials
d) Replace the materials 448. The aggregate component contribute to shear strength and
stability of bituminous mixture . The desirable shape and
441. What is the test criteria for RCPC test with three ( 3 ) Edge surface texture of aggregate is _________.
Bearing Test? a) 0.3 mm. a) round and smooth surface c) round and
c) 0.5 mm. rough texture b) angular and
b) 0.4 mm. d) 0.6 mm. smooth surface d) angular and rough texture

442. The Immersion Compression test is prepared to 449. You can classify a soil sample in accordance to AASHTO
determine_________. a) ductility through _________. a) Grain size analysis
c) stability c) both a and b b)
b) solubility d) flexibility Atterberg limit d) none of the above

443. The use of sea water in reinforced concrete is not allowed 450. Who should take samples of materials and bring them to the
due to ____________. a) no effect laboratory for acceptance purposes?
b) cause of reduction in ultimate strength of concrete a) DPWH Materials Engineer c) Contractors Project
c) induce corrosion of R.S.B Engineer b) Contractors Materials
d) b and c Engineer d) DPWH Project Engineer

444. If the soil is properly compacted at MDD it will __________. 451. How do you determine the diameter of RSB?
a) increase stability/strength a) by Vernier Caliper b) by unit weight
b) minimize future settlement
c) decrease permeability 452. Cement which has been in storage for so long period that
d) all of the above there is already doubt as to its quality should be _____________.
a) retested prior to use c) authorized to use
445. Asphalt construction, compaction must be completed before b) not to used
the mixture cools to _______.
a) 165*F ( 60*C ) c) 185*F ( 71*C ) 453. In abrasion test, a sample of 5,000 grams was subjected to
b) 175*F ( 65*C ) d) 195*F ( 76*C ) abrasion, a 2,000 grams sample was retained in no. 12 sieve
after washing, what is the abrasion loss?
446. Which contractor are required by DPWH to own the a) 50 c) 60
minimum material testing equipment for pre-qualification b) 40 d) 30
a) small c) large 454. Different brand of cement should not be allowed because
b) medium d) all of the above _____________. a) different in texture
c) varies in strength
447. As percent asphalt increases in Marshall stability test, the % b) different in color when dried
Air voids____________. a) increases c)

28 -
455. An apparatus used for field density test is called ___________.
a) Sand cone c) Nuclear density meter 463. The surface condition of tack coat before the next course
b) Rubber balloon d) all of the above should be applied is _______. a) wet
c) dry
456. Thickness tolerance in the construction of sub- base course b) sticky d) plastic
is ____________. a) +/- 10 mm.
c) +/- 5 mm. 464. The contractor shall give the Engineer at least _______ days
b) +/- 20 mm. d) +/- 15 mm. notice prior to the beginning of work at the mill or shop where
the metal structure has been manufactured or fabricated, so
457. PH value of water used in concrete is ___________. that the required inspection may be made.
a) 4 to 6 c) 6 to 10 a) 14 c) 21
b) 6 to 8 d) 3 to 5 b) 17 d) 15

458. In what item of work emulsified asphalt and cut back asphalt 465. The request for recoring shall be made by the contractor
used? a) Tack Coat within _________ weeks after the official result of the coring test
c) Seal Coat has been released if the structure failed to meet strength
b) Prime Coat d) Bituminous Surface Course requirement.
Hot- Laid a) one ( 1 ) c) three ( 3 )
b) two ( 2 ) d) four ( 4 )
459. What is the boundary between Coarse and Fine aggregates
used in concreting. a) passing No. 3/8 sieve 466. A revised design strength for concrete works was set forth
c) passing No. 6 sieve from 14 days to 7 days for concrete pavement for national
b) passing No. 4 sieve d) passing No. 8 sieve roads and _____ days for major interchanges and busy
intersection thus minimizing occurrence of road congestion.
460. The purpose of trial section is to check ___________________. a) seven ( 7 ) c) six ( 6 )
a) the suitability of materials b) three ( 3 ) d) four ( 4 )
b) the efficiency of the equipment
c) the construction method proposed to be used 467. Compressive strength for mortar samples test at 3 days and
d) all of the above 7 seven days can be considered for acceptance provided the
strength of the samples at 7 days is not less than ________ Mpa
461. In FDT, the volume of hole is determined by what? which is 85% of the compressive strength for 28 days
a) Sand to fill hole over unit weight of dry sand a) 22.08 c) 23.45
b) Total material taken from hole over volume of hole b) 24.84 d) 21.53
c) Wet unit weight over 1 + MC/100
d) Dry unit weight over MDD x 100 468. The use of Fly Ash concrete mix as mineral admixture in
PCCP and as ______ % replaces the Portland cement in concrete
462. What is the average compressive strength of the load mix.
bearing concrete hollow blocks? a) 1,000 psi a) 15 c) 25
c) 600 psi b) 20 d)10
b) 800 psi d) 1,200 psi

29 -
469. This is an instrument used to measure pavement deflections b) two and a half (2 ) rotations per second
resulting from vehicle wheel loading. The results of the elastic c) two ( 2 ) rotations per second
deformation test are used to evaluate the structural condition of d) one and a half ( 1 ) rotations per second
roads, and to help in the design of road strengthening measure 474. What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT?
and road capacity improvement a) passing sieve No. 30 retained No. 200
a) Dynamic Cone Penetrator b) passing sieve No. 20 retained No. 200
b) Falling Weight Deflectometer c) passing sieve No. 10 retained No. 200
c) Three ( 3 ) Meter Straight Edge d) None of the above
d) Benkelman Beam 475. When placing concrete, what is the required temperature of
concrete? a) less than 29*C
470. This an equipment which is used to measure differential c) less than 30*C
deflection between joints of a concrete pavement to determine b) less than 28*C d) less than 31*C
the modulus of the existing slabs for use in the design of an 476. In PCCP coring, what is the specified thickness of an
overlay. individual measurement that shall not be included in the
a) Dynamic Cone Penetrometer average?
b) Falling Weight Deflectometer a) less than 20 mm. c) less than 25 mm.
c) Benkelman Beam b) more than 20 mm. d) more than 25 mm.
d) Merlin Road Roughness Measuring Device 477. __________ is the wearing away of the pavement surface
caused by the dislodging of aggregate particles.
471. In the foregoing illustration determine the average thickness a) Rutting c) Shoving
of PCCP. Position b) Raveling d) Corrugation
Actual Measurement 478. This is the stage in compaction in which all free air is
1 23.4 expelled and replaced by water, if further pressure is applied to
2 23.5 the soil mass, the tendency is to reduce its volume.
3 23.6 a) wetting stage c) saturation stage
4 23.6 b) swelling stage d) none of the above
5 23.4 479. In this stage, additional water replaces some of the
6 23.3 entrapped air and the soil particles move closer together with a
7 23.3 resulting increase in density.
8 23.4 a) wetting stage c) lubricating stage
9 23.4 b) swelling stage d) all of the above
a) 23.433 b) 23.43 c) 23.4 d) 480. All boring during soil exploration survey shall generally be
23.4333 carried to a depth of at least ______ meter below the proposed
472. Vibrator shall not be operated longer than ______ seconds in grade line.
any one location. a) 10 c) a) one ( 1 ) c) 0.30
20 b) two and half ( 2 ) d) 0.50
b) 15 d) 25 481. What is the factor that will influence the construction of
473. How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit stabilized road? a) Depletion of the
device be rotated? a) three ( 3 ) rotations per supply of economically available materials
second b) High cost involved in the construction of the conventional

30 -
types of road c) If the road structure bituminous binder
may be built by stages, and a properly designed road might b)the quality of mineral filler
function briefly as a wearing course c) temperature susceptibility of the binder
d) All of the above d) all of the above
482. What is the meaning of ASTM? 490. The application temperature of emulsified asphalt ranges
a) American Standard for Testing Materials from ___________. a) 66* to 107*C
b) American Standard for Testing and Materials c) 20* to 66*C
c) American Society for Testing Materials b) 10* to 71*C d) 15* to 66*C
American Society for Testing and Materials 491. Concrete deposited in water shall be Class A concrete with
483. In sampling bituminous materials, the composite samples a minimum cement factor of _______ per cubic meter of
taken from a number of drums should have a size sufficient for concrete.
testing and should not be less _____ as called for in the a) 12 bags per cu. m. c) 11 bags per cu. m.
guidelines on the submission of samples. b) 10 bags per cu. m. d) 9 bags per cu. m.
a) 5 liters c) 10 liters 492. A tremie shall consist of a tube having a diameter of not
b) 4 liters d) 6 liters less than ______ mm. constructed in section s having flanged
484. For semi solid materials, samples should be taken at the couplings fitted with gasket with a hopper at the top.
center of the containers at least _____ mm. below the surface a) 200 c) 250
and 75 mm. from the sides with the aid of a clean hatcher or b) 300 d) 150
patty knife. a) 100 c) 75 493. The fine aggregate used in stone masonry mortar shall all
b) 85 d) 50 pass No.____ sieve. a) 40
485. __________ test classify the different asphalts into types and c) 30
the different types into grades. a) Quality test b) 8 d) 3/8
c) Ductility test 494. The coarse aggregate used in Bituminous Concrete is
b) Consistency test d) All of the above _________. a) retained on a
486. This is the most important volatilization test on liquid 2.36 mm. ( No. 8 sieve )
asphalt products, its gives information as to the actual amount b) retained on a 4.75 mm (No. 4 sieve )
of constituents remove at definite temperature. c) retained on a 19.00 mm. ( No. sieve )
a) Extraction test c) Evaporation test d) both a and b
b) Distillation test d) Softening test 495. As Materials Engineer, will you permit the use of salvage soil
487. This test indicate the purity of asphalt. aggregate for lie stabilized road mix base course?
a) Specific Gravity c) Solubility a) Yes c) It depends
b) Viscosity d) Ductility b) No d) Let the DPWH Project Engineer to
488. This is the most important factor which influence the decide
stability of bituminous mixture. a) Gradation of 496. Is the accredited private testing laboratories owned by
mineral aggregate companies involved in the supply of construction materials for
b) Shape and surface texture of aggregate DPWH project be allowed to test their own products?
c) Hardness of aggregate particles a) Yes c) It depends
d) All of the above b) No d) Either a or c
489. The principal factor that effect the flexibility of bituminous 497. For small projects where the quantity of steel bars is less
mixture is _______. a) the quality of than 10,000 kgs. What may be required as a basis of

31 -
acceptance. surrounding the cylinders
a) P.E. Certificate c) Inspection Report d) all of the above
b) Mill Certificate d) All of the above 504. The penetration grade of concrete joint sealer, hot poured
498. Lumber is considered well seasoned when its moisture elastic type is _________ a) 80 - 100
content is between _________. a) 10 to 16% c) 100 - 120
c) 10 to 14% b) below 90 d) 40 60
b) 14 to 18% d) 15 to 20% 505. The CBR is generally selected at what penetration?
499. Flushing of bitumen to the surface after belting or screeding a) 5.08 mm. c) 2.54 mm.
the hot mixture denotes rich mixture. b) 3.1 mm. d) 3.50 mm.
a) true b) false neither of the 506. A soil aggregate that has a CBR value of 20 means that in
two the condition tested, the resistance to penetration of the
500. Unsuitable materials are those materials containing standard piston was ______ of the standard resistance of a
detrimental quantities of organic materials, such as grass, roots, compacted soil or aggregate.
and sewerage and those that is _____________. a) 40% c) 10%
a) high organic soils b) 20% d) 80%
b) soils with liquid limit exceeding 80 and / or PI > 55 507. For liquid asphaltic materials, these are run on the residue
c) soils with very low density, 800kg/cu. m. or below after distillation. a) consistency test
d) all of the above c) ductility test
501. The set of cylinders for each project shall be numbered b) quality test d) cement mixing test
consecutively beginning with 1 and three specimens should be 508. The basic aim of compaction is to produce a soil mass that
identified as A, B, and C. At the early stage of pouring, the will satisfy what criteria? a) settlement
laboratory should be requested to break the A cylinders at 7 c) permeability
days to check what? a) If the structure b) stability d) all of the above
should be put in service at early stage 509. When do the embankment become friable in dry weather ,
b) to check the mix design ravel at the edges and abrade severely under traffic and will
c) To check if there is unusual development when admixture is become dusty in service and much of the binder soil is simply
used d) All of the above blown away during the dry season.
502. The field specimen should be cured from 4 to 7 days at the a) the embankment is non- plastic
project under moist conditions obtained by __________. b) the embankment lacks compaction
a) covering with wet sand c) materials fails CBR test
b) covering with saw-dust d) none of the above
c) covering with palay-strw 510. When the embankment tends to soften in wet weather, and
d) all of the above PCCP constructed of such material develop ruts under traffic an
503. The cured cylindrical samples shall be transported to the d may shift and shove to develop a wash board surface, the
Regional Laboratory or any testing laboratory accredited by the plasticity index of such material is ____________.
DPWH in ________________. a) P.I. is too high c) P.I. is too low
a) on top of sand b) neither a & b d) both a & b
b) carefully packed and crated surrounded with damp sawdust 511. What is the allowable smooth riding quality of PCCP?
or palay straw c) on boxes with sand a) 5.00 mm. c) 3.00 mm.
b) 8.00 mm. d) 6.00 mm.

32 -
512. What is the penetration grade of bitumen prime coat? 519. This is widely used to control the characteristics of soil
a) 60 70 c) 85 100 which are to be incorporated in roadways.
b 120 150 d) none of the above a) The Limit Test c) The Group Index
b) The soil classification d) all of the above
513. The spraying application temperature of all grades of
asphalt cement should not be more than ________. 520. In direct shear test, the soil is sheared to failure by moving
a) 211*C c) 135*C one part of the soil sample relatively to the other part along a
b) 159*C d) 204*C pre-determined plane. When several test are made on a soil
under different normal loads and the results are plotted in
514. What is the rate of application of bituminous prime coat arithmetic scales, the resulting line is made in the form of
using cut back asphalt? a) 0.5 to 0.7 ____________.
liters/sq. m. c) 1.0 to 1.1 liters/sq. m. a) straight line c) parabola
b) 1.0 to 2.0 liters/sq. m. d) 1.10 to 2.0 liters/sq.m. b) hyperbola d) semi-elliptical

515. What is the weight boulders required for class A grouted 521. In conducting soil exploration survey, what equipment you
riprap? a) 10 to 25 kgs will use in obtaining undisturbed samples.
c) 15 to 30 kgs. a) split spoon sampler c)screw type soil
b) 15 to 25 kgs. d) 20 to 30 kgs. auger sampler b) thin-walled
sampler d) Post-hole auger sampler
516. Based on the maximum dry density obtained by laboratory
test, the degree of compaction required for aggregate subbase 522. Bituminous stabilization in the process of mixing intimately
should be at least _____________. pulverized soil and bituminous material. What is the minimum
a) 95% c) 100% bearing capacity (soaked CBR ) of the mixture?
b) 98% d) 90% a) 80% c) 98%
b) 100% d) 95%
517. Where to determine the amount of mixing water to use
when compacting the soil in the field to attain maximum 523. Portland cement stabilization roadmix base course is an
density. intimate mixture of pulverized soil, Portland cement and water
a) Trial Section c) Control Strip which is thoroughly compacted while in a moist condition to
b) Field Density Test d) Lab. Compaction Test form a structural road material when the cement hydrates and
crystallizes. What is the mass percent wear of soil aggregate
518. For soil classification purposes as in AASHTO M45, what is used in this stabilization?
not required? a) combined sieve and a) 40% c) not more than 40%
mechanical analysis b) 45% d) 50%
b) sieve analysis
c) the wash test 524. For a rich mixture of cement in concrete, what determines
d) none of the above the flexural strength of the concrete? a) Mortar strength
c) both a & b
b) the strength of aggregate d) the water/cement ratio

33 -
525. This is a new method of soil stabilization being introduced to a) good surface texture b) water tightens
improved the properties of soil which is effective and at the c) weak strength d) all of the above
same time cheaper.
a) Stabilization by the use of Geotextiles 532. For every lean mixes or low cement content of the mixture,
b) Cement stabilization What determines the flexural strength of the concrete.
c) Bituminous stabilization a) The strength of aggregate b) The mortar strength
d) Lime stabilization c) The water cement ratio d) All of the above

526. As per guidelines on submission of samples, laboratory trial 533. This is a method of determining in-place density of soil that
mixes should be made on aggregates which are proposed tube can be used satisfactorily in moist, cohesive fine grained
used for the first time, in this case what is the weight of fine material only. The sample is obtained by forcing a small thin
aggregates to be submitted for testing? walled cylinder into the material with a driving head and
a) 100 kgs. c) 50 kgs. hammer or other suitable apparatus. Ans. Drive
b) 70 kgs. d) 80 kgs. Cylinder Method

527. The phosphorous content of reinforcing steel bars bigger 534. This method of test is intended to determine the density of
than 9.0 mm shall not exceed _______. cohesive soil and stabilized soil by measuring the weight and
a) 0.18% b) 0.06% volume of undisturbed samples.
c) 0.08% d) 0.05% Ans. Block, Chunk or Core Sampling

528. The permissible variation of reinforcing steel bars bigger 535. This method covers the determination of the density in-
than 9.0 mm. shall not exceed _____. a) 10% place of compacted or firmly bonded soil by using a flexible
b) 5% membrane and liquid that can be used to measure the volume
c) 8% d) 6% of a test hole soil with an accuracy within 1.0%.
Ans. By Rubber Balloon Method
529. A type of cement that sets and hardens by chemical
interaction with water and is capable of doing so underwater. 536. This method covers the determination of the total or wet
a) Portland Cement b) Hydraulic Cement density of soil and soil aggregate in-place by the attenuation of
c) Air-Retaining Portland Cement d) All of the above gamma rays, where the gamma detector, or both, remains at or
near the surface.
530. The spacing center to center of circumferential Ans. Nuclear Method
reinforcement of all pipes shall not exceed its wall thickness and
shall in no case exceed _______________. 537. What are the three major groups of soil?
a) 150 mm. b) 200 mm. Ans. 1) granular 2) fine grained 3) organic
c) 100 mm. d) 250 mm.
538. What are the common laboratory test required for soil?
531. Oversanded and undersanded concrete mixtures require Ans. a) sieve analysis b) plastic and liquid limit test c)
more water in order to be workable but will only result to compaction test (moisture-density relation) d) CBR e)

34 -
Abrasion Test (Mass percent of Wear) f) Unit weight g) 548. If impossible to air-dry the sample under the heat of the sun
Moisture Content what alternative should be used? Ans. oven dry the
sample at 60*C
539. What are the common field test?
Ans. To determine the degree of compaction of soil or it is a 549. Sample for compaction test should pass to what sieve?
control test in embankment construction to ensure adequate Ans. method A & B use sample passing sieve #4; method C &
compaction D use sample passing #3/4

540. What is moisture content? 550. What is the difference between T-99 and T-180 compaction
Ans. It is the amount of water present in the soil test method? Ans. T-99 uses
2.5kg.(5.5lbs.) rammer with a drop of 12 height, while T-180
541. What is the different between natural moisture content with uses 4.54kg.(10 lbs.) rammer with a drop of 18 height
hydroscopic moisture content? Ans. Natural moisture
content is the moisture of undisturbed soil sample while 551. What are the particle size analysis?
hydroscopic moisture content is the moisture of air-dried soil Ans. It is the determination of particle size distribution in soil by
sample. sieve, hydrometer, or combined analysis

542. What is the formula used for moisture content 552. What are the other terms or particles size analysis?
determination? Ans. Ans. 1) sieve analysis 2) mechanical analysis 3) grading
Moisture Content = (wt. Of water/wt. Of oven dried sample) x test/analysis
553. What is the liquid limit?
543. Weighing hot sample is not advisable as it affects the Ans. it is the lowest moisture content at which the soil will flow
accuracy of result. Ans. True upon the application of a very small shearing force.

544. What are the methods use in reducing samples from the 554. The liquid limit is expressed as the moisture content
field to testing size? Ans. 1) sample corresponding to what number of blows? Ans. 25 blows
splitter 2) quartering
555. What test are used in soil classification?
545. What is the required temperature for oven drying the soil Ans. 1) grading or sieve analysis 2) plastic and liquid limit
sample? Ans. 110*C +/-
5*C 556. What is plastic limit?
Ans. It is the minimum moisture content at which the soil can
546. How can you determine if the soil sample is already oven be readily molded without breaking or crumbling
dried? Ans. dried if it
reached its constant weight 557. What kind of water shall be used in laboratory test
especially if it deals with chemicals? Ans. Distilled
547. How to prepare or to come up with air-dried soil sample? water
Ans. air dry the sample under the heat of the sun

35 -
558. Liquid limit brass cup with sample is raised allowed to drop 568. What is the required particle size for selected borrow for
sharply on the base through a height of what? topping under item 104 (embankment)?
Ans. 10 mm. Ans. All particle size will pass a sieve 75 mm. or 3 square
opening and not more than 15% will pass 0.075 mm. (No. 20)
559. How many rotation per second will the crank of a liquid limit AASHTO 11
device be rotated? Ans. 2 rotations per
second 569. P.I. requirement for item 104 (selected common borrow) is
__________. Ans. 6 maximum
560. In doing a plastic limit test, to what diameter shall the soil
thread began to break? Ans. 3.2 mm. ( 1/8 ) 570. L.L. requirement for item 104 (selected common borrow) is
____________. Ans. 30 maximum
561. What is the formula for plastic limit?
Ans. PL = (Wa Wb)/Wb x 100 571. What is the LL requirement for item 200 (aggregate subbase
Where: Wa = original wt of crumbled soil thread course) passing sieve # 40? Ans. 12 maximum
Wb = wt of oven dried crumbled soil
572. Coarse portion retained on sieve # 10 (2.00 mm.) of item
562. What is Plastic Index (PI)? 200 shall have a mass percent of wear by Los Angeles Abrasion
Ans. It is the difference between the liquid limit and the plastic test of _______________.
limit; PI = LL-PL Ans. 50% maximum

563. What is specific gravity? 573. The required CBR value for item 300?
Ans. It is a gravimetric-volumetric relationship in soils (or Ans. 25% minimum (AASHTO T 180 method D)
defined as the ratio of the wt in air of an equal volume of water
at a stated temp.) 574. What is the minimum percent field density or degree of
compaction for item 104 (embankment)?
564. What is the approximate area for density control strip? Ans. 95% minimum
Ans. 335 sq. m.
575. What is the minimum degree of compaction for item 200
565. What is the maximum depth of roadway embankment per and 201? Ans. 100%
horizontal layer in loose measurement? minimum
Ans. 200 mm. ( 8 )
576. What is the highest point in moisture density curve of the
566. What item of work is embankment? moisture density relation test or compaction test of soil
Ans. Item 104 represent?
Ans. MDD(Maximum Dry Density) and OMC (Optimum Moisture
567. What is the kind of material used for item 200? Content)
Ans. Aggregate subbase course

36 -
577. What is the required size of calibrated sand used for FDT? the use of cone test for surface moisture and if the molded
Ans. Any clean, dry, free-flowing uncemented sand passing # shape of fine aggregate slump slightly it indicates that it has
10 and retained # 200 sieves reached a surface-dry condition.

578. What is the degree of compaction of soil having a maximum 584. What are the test required for concrete aggregates?
dry density 2,250kg/cu. m. and wet density of soil from hole Ans. 1) Fine Agg: Grading, specific gravity, absorption, dry unit
equivalent to 2,335kg/cu. m. and an average moisture content wt. 2) Coarse Agg: grading,
of 8.85%? specific gravity, absorption, dry unit wt, and abrasion
Ans. % Degree of Compaction = (Dry density/Max. dry density) Note: soundness is also tested as per request
x 100 Where ; Dry density = Wet
density/(1+MC/100) 585. What is the maximum mass % of wear by Los Angeles
Wet density = wt of soil filled in a hole/volume of hole Abrasion Test? Ans. 40%
% degree of compaction = {(2,335)/[1+(8.85/100)] x maximum
100}/2,250 =
(2,145.15/2,250) x 100 586. What is the required speed of Los Angeles Abrasion Machine
= 95.34% per minute? Ans. 30 to 33 rpm

579. Is the soil for No.45 passed the item 104 requirement for % 587. What is the size or diameter and weight of cast-iron spheres
degree of compaction? Ans. G or Grading = 2 use in abrasion? Ans. Approximately
P or Plasticity = 2 46.8 mm dia. and weighing between 390-455 grams
C or Compaction = 2
D or Density = three in-site density test/500 sq. m. 588. What is the required total wt. of sample for abrasion test of
coarse aggregate grading A with 12 number of sphere?
580. What are the test and number of test needed for 2,960 cu. Ans. 5,000 grams +/- 25 grams
m. Aggregate Base Course? Ans. sand cone, jug
(at least 4 liters), guide plate, moisture cans, sand, weighing 589. What is the significance of abrasion test?
scale, oven with temperature control, chisel or digging tools, Ans. It evaluate the structural strength of coarse aggregates
plastic bags and labeling materials (tag number) - gives an indication of quality as determined by resistance to
impact and wear - it determines
581. What is the standard diameter of an orifice in FDT sand whether the aggregate will have degradation during traffic or
cone? Ans. inch (12.7 rolling
590. Quality test for cement is represented by how many bags of
582. How many hours does a fine aggregates tested for specific cement? Ans. 2,000 bags or
gravity and absorption be soaked in water? fraction thereof
Ans. 15 to 19 hrs.
591. What is the sieve use in sieving materials from Abrasion
583. How will you determine if the fine aggregates reaches the Machine? Ans. Sieve # 12
saturated surface dry condition? Ans. It is determine by (1.70 mm.)

37 -
592. Testing machine should be calibrated once every six (6) L = span length in inches
months if possible but if it not possible what is the required time b = base in inches
should the machine be calibrated? d = depth in inches
Ans. Once a year
602. What is the minimum flexural strength for third point loading
593. What is the percent tolerance of error in calibrating the test? Ans. 3.8 Mpa (550 psi)
machine? Ans. +/- 1%
603. What is the minimum flexural strength for center point
594. What do you call a sample for concrete pavement? loading test? Ans. 4.5 Mpa
Ans. Concrete beam sample (650 psi)

595. How many sample should be taken for every 75 cu, m. of 604. How to compute for flexural strength at center point
fresh concrete? Ans. 3 pcs. loading? Ans. R = (3PL)/
sample or 1 set sample (bxdxd) = 3P(18)/2x9x6x6

596. What do you call the sample for structural concrete? 605. Which part of the batch for fresh concrete should the sample
Ans. Concrete cylinder sample be taken from a stationary mixers, revolving drum truck mixers
or agitators?
597. What is the test use to determine the consistency of Ans. two or more regular intervals during discharge of middle
concrete? Ans. Slump portion of the batch
606. What is the size of tamping rod use in sampling concrete?
598. How to compute for the slump of concrete? Ans. 16 mm. (5/8 inches) diameter and 610 mm. (24 inches)
Ans. Slump = Ht. Of slump cone ht. Of fresh concrete after long with the tamping end rounded to a hemispherical tip of the
subsidence same dia. as the rod

599. How to compute for the compressive strength of concrete 607. Concrete Masonry (hollow blocks) if subject to test, how
cylinder sample? Ans. CS = P/A many sample is required? Ans. 6 pcs./10,000
where: P = loads, lbs. A = area, sq. m. units 12 pcs. if more than 10,000 units
A = [rD(sq)] / 4 = 28.27 sq. m
608. What is the strength requirement for load bearing concrete
600. At what age should a concrete beam sample be tested for masonry units? Ans. individual =
flexural test? Ans. 4 days 5.5 Mpa (800 psi) minimum
Average(for 3 samples) = 4.14 Mpa (600 psi) minimum
601. How to compute the flexural strength for third point loading
test? Ans. R = (PL)/(bxdxd) 609. What is the significance of testing reinforcing steel bars?
= P(18)/(6 x 6 x 6) = P/12 Ans. to determine the yield and tensile strength of the bar as
where: R = modulus of rupture well as its elongation and is used to classify the bars into grade
P = Load in lbs. or tons

38 -
610. What is the required length of RSB for testing? 622. What asphalt contains water?
Ans. 1 meter/10,000 kgs./size/shipment Ans. Emulsified Asphalt

611. What is the significance of bending test for RSB? 623. What is the penetration grade for blown asphalt?
Ans. to evaluate the ductile properties of RSB Ans. 0 to 30

612. What is the required size of test specimen for G.I. sheets? 624. What is the ideal penetration grade of asphalt use in Tropical
Ans. 60 mm. x 60 mm. ( 3pcs. from one sheet/100 sheets Region? Ans. 85 to 100 (but
some uses 60 to 70)
613. What is the required sample for paint?
Ans. 1 can ( gal. or pail )/100 cans (gal. or pail ) 625. Tack coat is used in an existing bituminous or concrete
pavement. Ans. True
614. What kind of paint had reflectance in the form of beads?
Ans. Reflectorized Traffic Paint 626. What is the rate of application of bituminous tack coat?
Ans. 0.2 to 0.7 liter/ sq. m.
615. What is the common components of house paint?
Ans. pigment and vehicle 627. What is the rate of application of bituminous prime coat?
Ans. 1 to 2 liters/sq.m.
616. What is this construction material that is dark brown to
black cementatious material in which the predominating 628. For how many hours or how long shall a bituminous prime
constituent are bitumen? coat left undisturbed? Ans. 24 hrs.
Ans. Asphalt
629. What kind of asphalt is used as prime coat?
617. What asphalt is commonly called hot asphalt? Ans. Cut-back asphalt (medium curing or rapid curing)
Ans. Asphalt cement
630. Bituminous prime coat is use to treat surface of base course.
618. What are liquid asphalt? Ans. True
Ans. Cut-back asphalt and Emulsified Asphalt
631. No tack coat or prime coat shall be applied when the
619. What is the use of blown asphalt or hard asphalt? weather is foggy or rainy. Ans. True
Ans. Use as joint filler or water proofing
632. What kind of asphalt is used as tack coat?
620. SS-1 or SS-1h is what kind of asphalt? Ans. cut-back asphalt (rapid curing) or emulsified asphalt
Ans. Slow Setting Emulsified Asphalt
633. Where should the bituminous seal coat be used?
621. What are the three (3) kinds of Emulsified Asphalt? Ans. on an existing bituminous surface course with or without
Ans. Rapid Setting, Medium Setting and Slow Setting an application of aggregates

39 -
634. If concrete cylinder sample for RCP is not available for ________.
compression test one (1) whole piece RCP for every 50 pcs. RCP Ans. Materials Log Book
will be submitted for quality test.
Ans. True 645. The standard penetration test (SPT) is an in-site test that
measures what? Ans. depth of soil
635. One set (3 pcs ) concrete cylinder sample shall be taken for layer
every how many pieces of RCP? Ans. 25 pcs.
646. Which of the following bituminous material is best
636. In submitting samples for testing, what particular form is recommended for sealing weakened plane joints?
being accomplished? Ans. sample card Ans. Joint Filler Asphalt (commonly called hard asphalt)

637. as a Materials Engineer of the project what is the report 647. The main problem associated with wrong practice of
accomplished every week? Ans. Quality Control conveying concrete is called ______. Ans.
Assurance Report Segregation

638. What do you call the report to be submitted at end of the 648. The specification call for 1:2:3 concrete mix. In one bagger
month? Ans. Monthly mixer, which of the following amount of water is most likely
Materials Report required for the mix?
Ans. 20 i\liters
639. How to determine the proportion of cement , water, fine
aggregates and coarse aggregates? Ans. by means 649. A one lane road, with a pavement width of 3.5 meters and
of Concrete Design Mix shoulder width of 0.5 meter on each side of the pavement, was
designed to have subbase and base courses with a combined
640. How to determine the thickness of pavement? thickness of 300 mm. If the thickness of the subbase is a 125
Ans. by means of concrete core mm. the spreading and compaction of the subbase and base
course shall be carried out in ______.
641. How to determine the asphalt content of bituminous mix? Ans. 3 layer over the full width of 4.5 m.
Ans. by means of extraction test
650. as Material Engineer, what is the area of trial section that
642. In an extraction test, aside from the asphalt what other you would recommend to check the suitability of the materials
materials being extracted? Ans. Aggregates or and efficiency of the equipment to be used for item 310,
composite aggregates ( minerals of fine & coarse aggregates) Bituminous Concrete Surface course?
Ans. about 500 sq. m.
643. What is being determined in a core sample from asphalt
pavement/ Ans. thickness of 651. Per program of work, the estimated volume of item 201
pavement and density of pavement materials is 7,500 cu. m. How many grading and plasticity test
are required based on the DPWH minimum testing
644. All records regarding quality control such as requirements? Ans. 25 grading and 25 plasticity
accomplishment, daily activities, weather etc. are recorded in a

40 -
652. Bituminous concrete mixes contain asphalt by weight 659. Under what climatic condition(s) do we use the lower
equivalent to what? Ans. 5 to 8% penetration grades or hard asphalt? Ans. hot climate

653. Quality of factory-produced reinforced concrete pipes may 660. Sampling of the freshly mixed concrete should be taken on
be best established through what? Ans. Test of concrete the _______ batch discharge of the transit mixer.
pipe samples Ans. middle

654. Where do we take additional cores when the measurement 661. Soft and unstable soils were encountered during the course
of any core taken from the pavement is deficient in thickness by of subgrade preparation. If you were the Materials Engineer
more than 25 mm? assigned to the project, what is the most effective and cheaper
Ans. At no less than 5 meters intervals parallel to the centerline method that you would recommend to stabilized the soil prior to
in each direction from the affected location the construction of the subbase course?
Ans. Geotextiles
655. The results of Immersion-Compression test conducted on an
asphalt mix sample are as follows: Dry stability = 2,000 Kpa 662. How many times per layer should a concrete specimen
Wet stability = 1,000 Kpa molded in a 6x6x21 beam mold be rodded?
What is the resulting index of retained strength? Does it meet Ans. 63 times
the specification requirement of item 310 Bituminous Concrete
Course? 663. What is the basis for acceptance or rejection of any
Ans. Index of Retained strength = (Wet stability/Dry stability) x construction materials? Ans.
100 = (1,000 Kpa/2,000 Kpa) Materials Test Report
x 100
= 50% 664. In testing concrete cylinder sample the load applied should
No it does not meet the specification of item 310 since the be continuous without shock at a constant rate within the range
specification of IRS is 70% minimum while the resulting IRS is of _______ per second.
only 50% Ans. 0.14 to 0.34 Mpa per second or 20 to 50 psi per second

656. Quality Control testing in a DPWH project is the 665. During the application of the first half of the anticipated load
responsibility of the ___________. Ans. DPWH and a _______ rate of loading shall be permitted.
Contractors Materials Engineers Ans. higher rate

657. As Material Engineer, when is the right time to start 666. Initial rolling in bituminous mixes shall be perform with a
sampling and testing aggregates of the course materials? _____ roller. Ans. Pneumatic Tire
Ans. before the course materials be incorporated in the project Roller

658. The spot test on asphalt is used to determine what? 667. Final rolling in bituminous mixes shall be perform with a
Ans. overheating during manufacture _________ roller. Ans. 3-wheel or
Tandem type steel wheel roller

41 -
668. Rolling of bituminous mix shall be discounted whenever it Ans. yes, because standard specification for percent asphalt in
begins to produce excessive ______ or ________. bituminous mixes is 5 to 8%
Ans. pulverizing of the aggregate or displacement of the
mixture 676. If the actual percent asphalt in the problem above is 5% and
the percent asphalt in a job-mix 5.6% did it pass the required
669. Final rolling shall be continued until roller marks are tolerance? Why?
eliminated and a minimum of _____ mass percent of the density Ans. No, because the required tolerance for % asphalt in a job-
of the laboratory compacted specimens prepared in accordance mix formula is +/-0.4%
with AASHTO T160 has been obtained.
Ans. 95 mass percent 677. Which is not the duty or responsibility of Materials Engineer?
Ans. quantity of construction materials
670. sample from compacted bituminous mix shall be neatly cut
by saw or core drill. Each sample shall be at least ____________. 678. Which is the duty or responsibility of a Materials engineer?
Ans. 150 mm. x 150 mm. or 100mm diameter full depth Ans. quality of construction materials

671. For surface tolerance the surface (bituminous mix) will be 679. Problem regarding quality of construction materials shall be
check by the use of a _____ at sites selected by the Engineer. reported directly by the contractors Materials Engineer to the
Ans. 3 meter straight edge __________. Ans.
DPWH Materials Engineer
672. What is the sample requirement for paving concrete for
every 75 cu. m. or fraction thereof? Ans. One (1) set 680. How many concrete cylinder is required for a 3,000 pcs.
(consisting of 3 pcs.) concrete beam sample reinforced concrete pipe culvert? Ans. 120 sets
(consisting of 3 pcs. concrete cylinder per set)
673. In testing bituminous mix sample for Immersion-
Compression Stability the sample is soaked in water bath for 681. If the concrete cylinder is not available for a 3,000 pcs.
______ days. culvert pipes, how many pipes shall be subjected to test?
Ans. four (4) Ans. 60 pcs. culvert pipes

674. Given: Wt. of dry aggregate = 950 grams 682. What kind of test that requires calibrated sand in filling the
Wt. of asphalt = 50 grams hole in order to determine the volume of hole?
What is the total % of asphalt weight of total mix Ans. Field Density Test (FDT)
Ans. Wt. of total mix = wt. of dry agg. + wt. of asphalt
= 950 + 50 = 1,000 grams 683. What do you call the test using a rammer and a mold?
therefore: (50grams/1,000grams) x 100 = 5% Ans. Moisture Density Relation Test or Compaction Test

675. Does the percent asphalt in problem above meet the 684. What kind of asphalt has a penetration grade of 0 to 30
required specification for percent asphalt in bituminous mixes? mm.? Ans. Blown
Why? Asphalt

42 -
685. If there is a necessary to add water to the concrete mix in 692. Emulsified asphalt are either _____ and _________.
order to increase is workability (provided concrete does not Ans. 1) cationic emulsion which work better with wet agg. And
exceed specified slump). How many minutes after the initial of in cold weather 2) anionic emulsion
the mixing does adding of water be permitted? which adhere better to agg. Which have positive charges
Ans. not exceeding 45 minutes and that water cement ratio is
not exceeded 693. What is the bituminous material commonly used in item
310? Ans. Asphalt
686. What is the percent weight of aggregates (coarse, fine and cement (AC)
mineral filler) in the mixture of bituminous concrete surface
coarse? 694. What greatly influence the service of an asphalt pavement?
Ans. 92 to 95% Ans. grade and quantity of asphalt

687. What is the percent weight of asphalt in the bituminous 695. What influence primarily the grade of asphalt selected?
mixture? Ans. 5 to 8% Ans. Climatic condition

688. How can we establish the exact percentage to be used in 696. The lower penetration grade or hard asphalt is used in
the bituminous mixture? Ans. Job-mix ____________. Ans. hot climate
697. The higher penetration grade or softer asphalt is used
689. What are the two types of bitumen that are commonly used in____________. Ans. cold climate
in bituminous concrete surface course?
Ans. 1) Tar- is viscous liquid obtained from distillation of coal or 698. How many weeks does a producer of asphalt mix or the
wood 2) Petroleum Asphalt are contractor shall submit the job-mix formula?
the product of the distillation of crude oil Ans. three (3) weeks prior to production

690. What are the three major petroleum asphalt product? 699. Who will approved the job mix formula?
Ans. 1) Asphalt cement produced in various viscosity grade, Ans. DPWH Project Engineer and Materials Engineer
the most common penetration grade are, 200/300, 120/150,
85/100, 40/50 700. The job-mix formula contains provisions on the following:
2) Cut-back asphalt are asphalt mixed with solvents to reduce Ans. 1) grading 2) percentage and type of asphalt 3) temp. of
their viscosity 3) Emulsified Asphalt are agg. and asphalt 4) temp. of mixture upon
mixture of asphalt cement and water with emulsifying agent delivery or at time of compaction

691. What are the solvents for cut back asphalt? 701. What is the primary quality control mechanism for the
Ans. 1) gasoline for rapid curing type production of asphalt mixture? Ans. Job-mix
2) kerosene for medium curing type formula which shall conform to the following ranges of
3) diesel fuel for slow curing type tolerance: Passing No. 4 and larger sieves
+/- 7%
Passing No. 8 to No. 100 sieves +/- 4%

43 -
Passing No. 200 +/- 2% 710. How to determine the number of passes that would attain
Bituminous Materials +/- 0.4% the required density? Ans. trial section
Temperature of mixture +/- 10*C
711. What control during the mixing and compaction is of great
702. What is the minimum dry compressive strength of the significance in the strength of the resulting pavement?
mixture? Ans. 1.4 Mpa Ans. temperature
(200 psi)
712. What kind of roller should be used for the initial or
703. The mixture shall have a mass percent air voids with the breakdown compaction? Ans. Pneumatic
range of _________. Ans. 3.0% - 5% smooth wheeled roller (not less than 10 tons)

704. What is the Index of Retained Strength of the mixture? 713. What is the speed of the roller?
Ans. 70% Ans. 5 km/hr

705. What is the most commonly used method in the design and 714. How is the rolling be done?
evaluation of bituminous concrete mixes? Ans. It should begin from the side and proceed longitudinally
Ans. Marshall Stability Method parallel toward the road centerline, each trip overlapping one
half the rollers width
706. The quality control test for asphalt mix are the following:
Ans. 715. After the final rolling what should be checked?
1) Immersion-Compression Test determines the index of Ans. degree of compaction
retained strength of the mix
2) Extraction and Grading Test determines the asphalt content 716. The compacted pavement shall have a density equal to or
and particles size distribution of coarse and fine aggregates greater than ___________. Ans. 97% of the
3) Laboratory density test determines the degree of laboratory compacted density
717. When is the traffic be permitted to enter the pavement?
707. What is the correct temperature that the mixture shall be Ans. when the pavement has cooled to atmospheric
placed as measured in the truck just prior to dumping into the temperature
Ans. 107*C 718. How many samples shall be taken for each full days
operation? Ans. at least
708. When tar is used, what is the temperature that the mixture one but not more than three (3) core samples
shall be placed? Ans. 66*C to 107*C
719. What is the dimension of the samples taken full depth from
709. When shall the compaction be done in order to attain the the finish pavement for thickness determination?
required density? Ans. when the Ans. 150 mm. or 100 mm diameter
mixture is still hot and workable

44 -
720. How is the sample taken from the finished pavement? its one part cement to three part fine sand (1:3)
Ans. by means of core drill or saw for item 505 its one part cement to two parts fine sand (1:2)

721. How is the surface level of the finished pavement being 731. Penetration and ductility test of asphalt are done in
check? Ans. by the use of __________ temperature. a) 60*C
3 meters straight edge b) 25*C
c) 50*C d) 10*C
722. The variation of the surface from the testing edge of the
straight between contacts with the surface shall not exceed 732. This is the most fluidest and lightest of all the grade of
________.. Medium Curing Cut-back Asphalt. a) MC 30
Ans. 6 mm. b) MC 70
c) MC 800 d) MC 300
723. What determine the thickness and density of compacted
asphalt pavement? Ans. core test 733. The only kind of asphalt that can be used in all bituminous
item of work. a) Asphalt Cement
724. What is the strength requirement (flexural strength) of a b) Cut-back Asphalt
concrete when tested by third point loading method? c) Emulsified Asphalt d) All of the above
Ans. 3.8 Mpa (550 psi)
734. Retempering of concrete or mortar, which has partially
725. What is the compressive strength of the PCCP when rested hardened, will be permitted with the addition of cement,
at 14 days? Ans. 24.1 Mpa (3500 aggregate or water.
psi) a) yes b) no
c) it depends on the condition of concrete d) check the
726. What is the slump of a workable concrete if not vibrated? slump
Ans. 40 75 mm, when vibrated the slump is 10 to 40 mm
735. What is the minimum number of representative cores that
727. What kind of form used in item 311? shall be taken from each member area of concrete in place that
Ans. steel forms and a depth equal to the thickness of the is considered deficient?
pavement a) 3 cores b) 4 cores
c) 5 cores d) core must be taken at 5
728. How long shall the forms remain undisturbed after concrete meter interval backward & forward of the designed sta.
pouring? Ans. 24 hrs.
736. the strength level of concrete will be considered satisfactory
729. What is the difference between item 504 and item 505? if the average of all sets of three consecutive strength test
Ans. placement of stone or boulders and the ratio of cement result equal or exceed the specified strength and no individual
and fine sand strength test result is deficient by more than how many
percent? a) 25%
730. What is the ratio of fine aggregates to number of bags of b) 20%
cement for grout in item 504 and 505? Ans. for item 504 c) 15% d) 10%

45 -
737. For major interchanges and busy intersection, PCCP will be 747. The curing of the pavement are done on the following:
allowed to open on the ----------- to minimize occurrence of road Ans.
congestion. 1) by covering the concrete with mats saturated with water
a) 14th day b) 10 th day 2) thoroughly wetting the pavement
c) 12th day d) 7th day 3) by ponding
4) by applying curing compound after finishing of the surface
738. The width of the weaken plane joint is __________.
Ans. not more than 6 mm. 748. When the right time is the joint be sealed?
Ans. after the curing period or before it is opened to traffic
739. When is the right time to saw the weaken plane joint?
Ans. within 24 hrs. as soon as concrete has hardened 749. What is item 504 in DPWH specification?
sufficiently Ans. Grouted Riprap

740. What shall be done if cracks appear at or near the joint prior 750. What is item 505 in DPWH specifications?
to the time of sawing? Ans. sawing shall be Ans. Stone Masonry
751. This is the empirical indicator of the clay fraction of a binder
741. Tie bars shall not be coated or painted with ____________. material in a stabilized soil mixture.
Ans. asphalt or other materials a) Group Index b) Liquid Limit
c) Plasticity Index d) Plastic Limit
742. What is the metal device that are used as a load transfer
device held in a position parallel to the surface and centerline of 752. When water is added to the mixture to bring the slump
the slab of pavement? within required limit, it shall be injected into the mixer under
Ans. dowels such pressure and direction of flow that the requirement for
uniformity and desired slump of concrete are met. The drum
743. To protect dowel from corrosion and to facilitate sliding in shall be turned on additional _______ revolution or more.
concrete, it shall be coated with _________. a) 10 revolutions b) 45 revolutions
Ans. thin film of bitumen c) 30 revolutions d) 15 revolutions

744. The surface of the pavement shall be roughened by means 753. Job-mix formula submitted for approval shall propose
of ____________. Ans. brooming definite single values for, except _____. a) % of
aggregate passing each specified sieve
745. What is the depth of corrugation produce by brooming in the b) temperature of the mixture delivered on the road
surface of the pavement? Ans. 1.5 mm. c) Percent of bituminous materials to be added
d) mixing time of the mixture in the batching plant
746. The surface of the newly placed concrete when it is
sufficiently set shall be cured for a period of _________. 754. For small contract project of the DPWH located in remote
Ans. 72 hrs. areas where the quality of cement to be used is too small and
where there are no accessible testing laboratory to check the

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quality of materials, exception in the requirements for
performance of laboratory test in cement prior to use may be
allowed provided that the trial mixes be done for every
___________. a) deformation characteristic of
b) Engineering properties of the underlying soils
c) Arrangement of soil strata
d) Field Density of soil

755. How many days shall the Engineer be notified in advance of

the date that the treating process will be performed in order
that the untreated lumber, the treatment process and the
finished treatment timber may all be inspected?
a) 15 days b) 10 days
c) 21 days d) 7 days

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