1 2 Contents Meaning Of Alloys Examples Of Pure Metals and Material Made Up Of Alloys in Daily Life Strength and Hardness Comparison between Pure Metals and Alloys Arrangement Of Atoms in Metals and Alloys Purpose Of Making Alloys Page 3 4 5 .INDEX No.

Most pure metals are soft and weak. .MEANING OF ALLOYS Alloys are two soft metals can be mixed together to make a stronger metal called ALLOY. harder. have a better furnish and lustre. The properties of pure metals can be improved by making them into alloys. An ALLOY is a mixture of two or more elements with a certain fixed composition in which the major component is a metal. resistant to corrosion. The aim of making alloys is to make them stronger.

hard and tough Light.Examples Of Pure Metals and Material Made Up Of Alloys in Daily Life Alloy High carbon steel Composition 99% iron 1% carbon Stainless steel 80.  For casting bells. white silvery appearance  Making of ornaments. hammers wear resistance and chisels Do not rust and tarnish. silvery  Making of silver coins appearance.5% copper 0. knives forks and spoons .5% antimony Duralumin 95% aluminium 4% copper 1%magnesium Cupronickel 75%copper 25%nickel Attractive. bright appearance Hard. swords and statues  Making of ornaments. medals. do not rust.hard and high  Making of cutting tools. strong and durable Hard. electrical wiring and plug. strong and durable  Making of surgical instrument. do not corrode easily and durable Ductile and malleable.6% iron 0.4% carbon 18%chromium 1% nickel Brass 70% copper 30% zinc Bronze 90% copper 10% tin Pewter 90% tin 2. souvenirs and mugs  Making part of aircrafts and racing cars Properties Uses Strong.

Strength and Hardness Comparison between Pure Metals and Alloys .

therefore. The freely moving outermost electrons within the metal’s structure are able to conduct electricity. Since atoms of pure metal are of the same size. good electrical conductors.Arrangement Of Atoms in Metals and Alloys 1. 5. When a force is applied to metal. Heat energy can be transferred easily from one atom to the next by vibration. layer of atom slide easily over one another. More heat energy is needed to overcome the metallic bond so that the atoms are further apart during the melting. malleable and ductile. Force Metals are ductile Force The shape of the metal change . 2. This is why metals usually have hight melting point. This causes the metal to have a hight density The forces of attraction between atoms (metallic bonds) are strong. Layer of atom slide 3. This make metal good conduct of heat. Metal are. they are arranged orderly in a regular layered pattern. The atom of pure metals are packed together closely. 4. This make pure metals soft.


a strong. When zinc (30%) is added. . antimony and copper is not only hard but also has a more beautiful white silvery appearance. Pure iron is soft and vary malleable. ii. an alloy of tin (97%). Pewter. bright appearance is formed which is suitable for making coins. ii. the stronger the steel becomes.4% of carbon. These properties make stainless steel suitable for making surgical instrument and cutlery. steal is formed. light and durable alloy call duralumin is produced. When a small amount of carbon is added to iron. When copper is mixed with nickel to form cupronickel.Purpose Of Making Alloys 1. an alloy that has an attractive silvery. c) Enhancing the appearance i. The more carbon is added. the yellow alloy which is known as brass develops a high resistance to corrosion. Pure aluminium is light but not strong. With a small amount of copper and magnesium are added to aluminium. 18% of chromium and 1% of nickel does not rush. The purposes of making alloys include the following: a) Increase the strength i.6% of iron. b) Improving the resistance to corrosion i. an alloy. ii. 0. Iron rust easily but stainless steel which contains 80. Pure copper tarnish easily.

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