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‡Õ° “√  π°.2/2551
‚§√ß°“√æ—≤π“§ÿ≥¿“æ°“√‡√’¬π√Ÿâ Ÿà “°≈
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12/9/08, 10:42 AM

: ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)
ºŸâ√«∫√«¡‡√’¬∫‡√’¬ß : 𓬪√“‚¡∑¬å ¢®√¿—¬
: π“ßπ‘®«¥’ ‡®√‘≠‡°’¬√μ‘∫«√
: π“ßÕ√πÿ™ ¡—Ëß¡’ ÿ¢»‘√‘
: π“ß√—™π’ π“§π§√
: π“ß«√√≥«‘¿“  ÿ∑∏‡°’¬√μ‘
ISBN
: 978-974-650-862-9
: ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï  ”π—°ß“π§≥–°√√¡°“√°“√»÷°…“¢—Èπæ◊Èπ∞“π
æ‘¡æå§√—Èß∑’Ë 1
: ¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π æ.». 2551
®”π«πæ‘¡æå
: 4,000 ‡≈à¡
æ‘¡æå∑’Ë
: ‚√ßæ‘¡æå™ÿ¡πÿ¡ À°√≥å°“√‡°…μ√·Ààߪ√–‡∑»‰∑¬ ®”°—¥
79 ∂ππß“¡«ß»å«“π ·¢«ß≈“¥¬“« ‡¢μ®μÿ®—°√ °√ÿ߇∑æ¡À“π§√ 10900
‚∑√. 0-2561-4567 ‚∑√ “√ 0-2579-5101
𓬂™§¥’ ÕÕ ÿ«√√≥ ºâŸæ‘¡æåºâŸ‚¶…≥“ æ.». 2550
™◊ËÕÀπ—ß ◊Õ

‚§√ß°“√æ—≤π“§ÿ≥¿“æ°“√‡√’¬π√Ÿâ Ÿà “°≈
 ”π—°æ—≤π“π«—μ°√√¡°“√®—¥°“√»÷°…“
 ”π—°ß“π§≥–°√√¡°“√°“√»÷°…“¢—Èπæ◊Èπ∞“π
‚∑√. 0 2280 5562
Website : http://www.inno.obec.go.th
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§”π”
 ”π—°ß“π§≥–°√√¡°“√°“√»÷°…“¢—Èπæ◊Èπ∞“π ¡’π‚¬∫“¬¬°√–¥—∫§ÿ≥¿“æ¡“μ√∞“π°“√»÷°…“
¢—È π æ◊È π ∞“π ‚¥¬„™â ° √–∫«π°“√·¢à ß ¢— π ∑“ß«‘ ™ “°“√ °√–∫«π°“√«‘ ®— ¬ æ— ≤ π“§ÿ ≥ ¿“æ°“√‡√’ ¬ π√Ÿâ
‡ªìπ‡§√◊ËÕß¡◊Õ„π°“√¢—∫‡§≈◊ËÕππ‚¬∫“¬ Ÿà°“√ªØ‘∫—μ‘ ·≈–„π‚Õ°“ ∑’Ë ”π—°ß“π§≥–°√√¡°“√°“√»÷°…“
¢—Èπæ◊Èπ∞“𠉥â√—∫‡™‘≠®“°°√–∑√«ß Àπ૬ߓπ∑“ß°“√»÷°…“μà“ߪ√–‡∑» „π°“√æ‘®“√≥“ àßπ—°‡√’¬π
‡¢â“√à«¡°“√·¢àߢ—π∑“ß«‘™“°“√ √–¥—∫π“π“™“μ‘ ®÷߉¥â¥”‡π‘πß“π‚§√ß°“√æ—≤π“§ÿ≥¿“æ°“√‡√’¬π√Ÿâ Ÿà “°≈
°‘®°√√¡°“√·¢àߢ—π∑“ß«‘™“°“√ √–¥—∫π“π“™“μ‘ ‡æ◊ÕË ‡ªî¥‚Õ°“ „Àâπ°— ‡√’¬π‰¥â·≈°‡ª≈’¬Ë π‡√’¬π√Ÿ â ‡Ÿà «∑’«™‘ “°“√
μ≈Õ¥®π‰¥â· ¥ß§«“¡ “¡“√∂„π‡«∑’·¢àߢ—π∑“ß«‘™“°“√ √–¥—∫π“π“™“μ‘  ”À√—∫°‘®°√√¡°“√·¢àߢ—π
∑“ß«‘™“°“√ ‡ªìπ‡«∑’·Ààߪ√– ∫°“√≥åπÕ°ÀâÕ߇√’¬π ·≈–‡ªìπ°â“«Àπ÷Ëß ”À√—∫π—°‡√’¬π∑’ˉ¥â¡’‚Õ°“ 
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‡Õ° “√™ÿ¥‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å·≈–‡ √‘¡§‘¥«‘∑¬“»“ μ√å (μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å
·≈–μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫«‘∑¬“»“ μ√å „π°“√·¢àߢ—π∑“ß«‘™“°“√ ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ‡ªìπº≈º≈‘μ
®“°°“√»÷°…“«‘‡§√“–Àå‡π◊ÈÕÀ“ “√–°“√·¢àߢ—π∑“ß«‘™“°“√ √–¥—∫π“π“™“μ‘ ‡πâπ¥â“π°√–∫«π°“√∑“ß
§≥‘μ»“ μ√å·≈–«‘∑¬“»“ μ√å ´÷Ëß„™â‡ªìπæ‘¡æ凢’¬«„π°“√ √â“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫∑’Ë„™â„π°“√·¢àߢ—π∑“ß«‘™“°“√
√Õ∫√–¥—∫‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“·≈–√Õ∫√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π∑’Ë¡’§«“¡ “¡“√∂
∑“ߥâ“π§≥‘μ»“ μ√å·≈–«‘∑¬“»“ μ√å ‡ªìπμ—«·∑ππ—°‡√’¬π‰ª·¢àߢ—π∑“ß«‘™“°“√ √–¥—∫π“π“™“μ‘
ªï æ.». 2549-2550 ‡Õ° “√™ÿ¥π’ȇº¬·æ√à‡ªìπ·π«∑“ßÀπ÷Ëß„π°“√æ—≤π“§ÿ≥¿“æ°“√‡√’¬π√Ÿâ·≈–
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®—¥∑”‡Õ° “√™ÿ¥‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å·≈–‡ √‘¡§‘¥«‘∑¬“»“ μ√å ·≈–¢Õ¢Õ∫§ÿ≥Àπ૬ߓπ∑’ˇ°’ˬ«¢âÕß
„π°“√√à«¡ √â“ß √√§å‡ªî¥‚Õ°“ „Àâπ—°‡√’¬π‰∑¬‰¥â°â“«‰°≈ Ÿà‡«∑’ “°≈
 ”π—°ß“π§≥–°√√¡°“√°“√»÷°…“¢—Èπæ◊Èπ∞“π
¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2551

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§”π”
 “√∫—≠
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μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫·≈–·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
„π°“√·¢àߢ—π∑“ß«‘™“°“√ ªï æ.». 2549
ë μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“ ªï æ.». 2549
ë μ—«Õ¬à“ß·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“ ªï æ.». 2549
ë μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2549
ë μ—«Õ¬à“ß·π«§‘¥ ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2549
μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫·≈–·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
„π°“√·¢àߢ—π∑“ß«‘™“°“√ ªï æ.». 2550
ë μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“ ªï æ.». 2550
ë μ—«Õ¬à“ß·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“ ªï æ.». 2550
ë μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 (©∫—∫∑’Ë 1)
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2550
ë μ—«Õ¬à“ß·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 (©∫—∫∑’Ë 1)
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2550
ë μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 (©∫—∫∑’Ë 2)
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2550
ë μ—«Õ¬à“ß·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 (©∫—∫∑’Ë 2)
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2550

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1
3
9
31
37

59
61
67
89
95
119
125

§”™’È·®ß
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‰¥â®—¥∑”‡Õ° “√™ÿ¥‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å·≈–‡ √‘¡§‘¥«‘∑¬“»“ μ√å μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å
·≈–μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫«‘∑¬“»“ μ√å ∑’Ë„™â„π°“√·¢àߢ—π∑“ß«‘™“°“√ ªï æ.». 2549-2550 ‡ªìπº≈º≈‘μ
®“°°“√¥”‡π‘πß“π‚§√ß°“√æ—≤π“§ÿ≥¿“æ°“√‡√’¬π√Ÿâ Ÿà “°≈ °‘®°√√¡°“√·¢àߢ—π∑“ß«‘™“°“√ √–¥—∫π“π“™“μ‘
®—¥∑”¢÷Èπ‡æ◊ËÕ‡º¬·æ√à‡ªìπ·π«∑“ßÀπ÷Ëß ”À√—∫§√ŸºŸâ Õπ„™â„π°“√®—¥°‘®°√√¡°“√‡√’¬π√Ÿâ·≈– ”À√—∫ºŸâ‡√’¬π
„™â‡ªìπ·∫∫Ωñ°‡ √‘¡∑—°…–‡æ‘Ë¡æŸπª√– ∫°“√≥å æ—≤π“ºŸâ‡√’¬π„Àâ¡’§«“¡ “¡“√∂∑“ߥâ“π§≥‘μ»“ μ√å
·≈–«‘∑¬“»“ μ√å ‡ªìπ°“√‡æ‘Ë¡¢’¥§«“¡ “¡“√∂¥â“π°√–∫«π§‘¥ °“√·°âªí≠À“ μ≈Õ¥®π “¡“√∂π” ‘Ëß∑’Ë
‰¥â®“°°“√‡√’¬π√Ÿâ‰ªª√—∫„™â„π™’«‘μª√–®”«—π„π∑ÿ°‚Õ°“ μàÕ‰ª
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‡≈à¡∑’Ë 1 ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 2
μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)
‡≈à¡∑’Ë 2 ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)
‡≈à¡∑’Ë 3 ‡ √‘¡§‘¥«‘∑¬“»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 2
μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫«‘∑¬“»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)
‡Õ° “√‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ
∑’Ë 3 (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ‡ªìπ°“√𔇠πÕ«‘∏’°“√ ¬ÿ∑∏»“ μ√å°“√·°â‚®∑¬åªí≠À“§≥‘μ»“ μ√å ‚¥¬„™â‡ªìπ
æ‘ ¡ æå ‡ ¢’ ¬ «„π°“√ √â “ ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫∑’Ë „ ™â „ π°“√·¢à ß ¢— π ∑“ß«‘ ™ “°“√√Õ∫√–¥— ∫ ‡¢μæ◊È π ∑’Ë ° “√»÷ ° …“·≈–
√Õ∫√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ª√–®”ªï æ.». 2549-2550 ‡æ◊ËÕ§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π∑’Ë¡’§«“¡ “¡“√∂∑“ߧ≥‘μ»“ μ√å√–¥—∫
‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“·≈–√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑»

 ”π—°æ—≤π“π«—μ°√√¡°“√®—¥°“√»÷°…“
¡‘∂ÿπ“¬π 2551

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μ—«Õ¬à“ß
·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫·≈–·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫
§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
„π°“√·¢àߢ—π∑“ß«‘™“°“√ ªï æ.». 2549
‚¥¬  ”π—°ß“π§≥–°√√¡°“√°“√»÷°…“¢—Èπæ◊Èπ∞“π

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12/9/08, 10:23 AM

2

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2

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

μ—«Õ¬à“ß
·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“
ªï æ.». 2549
§”™’È·®ß
1. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫™π‘¥‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫
2. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’È¡’®”π«π 35 ¢âÕ ·∫à߇ªìπ 2 μÕπ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ
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μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ¡’®”π«π¢âÕ Õ∫ 15 ¢âÕ §◊Õ ¢âÕ 21-35 ¢âÕ≈– 4 §–·ππ √«¡ 60 §–·ππ
3. ‡«≈“∑’Ë„™â„π°“√ Õ∫ „™â‡«≈“ 2 ™—Ë«‚¡ß

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A 1-29

3

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

3

μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“ ªï æ.». 2549

μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ¡’®”π«π 20 ¢âÕ §◊Õ ¢âÕ 1-20 ¢âÕ≈– 2 §–·ππ

1.

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2. (2 + 3)2 (2 › 3)3 + (2 › 3)2 (2 + 3)3 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
3. ªí®®ÿ∫—π‰¡μ√’Õ“¬ÿ 42 ªï ∂Ⓣ¡μ√’¡’Õ“¬ÿ‡∑à“°—∫¡πμ√’„πªí®®ÿ∫—π ·≈â«¡πμ√’®–¡’Õ“¬ÿ
‡ªìπ§√÷ËßÀπ÷ËߢÕ߉¡μ√’ ¥—ßπ—Èπ ªí®®ÿ∫—π¡πμ√’¡’Õ“¬ÿ°’˪ï
4. ¡’π—°‡√’¬π 101 §π §√Ÿ§π∑’Ë 1 ¡’¢Õ߇≈àπ 75 ™‘Èπ ·®°„Àâπ—°‡√’¬π§π≈– 1 ™‘Èπ ‚¥¬·®°
‡√’¬ß≈”¥—∫®“°§π∑’Ë 1 ®“°´â“¬¡◊Õ‰ª¢«“¡◊Õ §√Ÿ§π∑’Ë 2 ¡’¢Õ߇≈àπ 51 ™‘Èπ ·®°„Àâπ—°‡√’¬π§π≈–
1 ™‘Èπ ‚¥¬·®°‡√’¬ß≈”¥—∫®“°§π∑’Ë 101 ®“°¢«“¡◊Õ¡“´â“¬¡◊Õ §√Ÿ§π∑’Ë 3 ¡’¢Õ߇≈àπ 45 ™‘Èπ
·®°„Àâπ—°‡√’¬π§π≈– 1 ™‘Èπ ‚¥¬·®°‡√’¬ß≈”¥—∫‡√‘Ë¡®“°§π∑’Ë 40 ®“°´â“¬¡◊Õ‰ª¢«“¡◊Õ
¡’π—°‡√’¬π°’˧π∑’ˉ¥â√—∫¢Õ߇≈àπ 3 ™‘Èπ
5. ∂â“ a ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«° ·≈â« (a + 4)(a + 2)(a › 2)(a › 4) + 36 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
6. „ÀâÀ“®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«° m ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ 7m2 + 7m + 7 ‡ªìπ‡®Á¥¬°°”≈—ß ’Ë
7. ∂â“ (a2 › a)3 + (2a2 › 4)3 = (3a2 › a › 4)3
·≈⫺≈§Ÿ≥¢Õߧ”μÕ∫∑—ÈßÀ¡¥¢Õß ¡°“√π’ȇªìπ‡∑à“„¥
8.

4

A 1-29

(

1 + 1 + 1 +...+
1 2 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
2+1 3+ 2 4+ 3
16 + 15

)

✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

4

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

1040
9. ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∑’Ë¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥∑’ËπâÕ¬°«à“À√◊Õ‡∑à“°—∫ 35
¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
10 + 3
10. ∂â“ a = 5 + 1 ·≈– b = 10 + 5
10 + 1
10 › 1
·≈â« a + b › 1 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
a›b+1
11. ∂â“ x + x1 = 3 2 2 ·≈â« x3 + x›3 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
A

12.

7

3
4
B

C

®“°√Ÿª∂â“ AB = 3 Àπ૬
AC = 7 Àπ૬ AD = 4 Àπ૬ ·≈â«
√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC ¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë°’Ëμ“√“ßÀπ૬

13. ∂â“ a Ó b = ab + a + b ·≈â«
1 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
1 Ó 12 Ó 13 Ó 14 Ó...Ó 2549
6x
›6x
14. ∂â“ a4x = 3 › 2 2 ·≈– a›4x = 3 › 12 2 ·≈â« a 2x + a›2x ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
a +a

15. „Àâ m ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°·≈– p ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡©æ“–∫«° ∂â“ m À“√ 777 ·≈– 910
·≈⫇À≈◊Õ‡»… p ‡∑à“°—π·≈â« m2 + p2 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
16. æ“√“‚∫≈“∑’˺à“π®ÿ¥°”‡π‘¥·≈–ºà“π®ÿ¥ (1, 12) ·≈– (3, 6) ¡’®ÿ¥¬Õ¥§◊Õ®ÿ¥„¥
17. 35 ‡¡◊ËÕ‡ª≈’ˬπ‡ªìπ‡≈¢∞“πÀ°·≈â« μ—«‡≈¢ ÕßÀ≈—° ÿ¥∑⓬‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
18.  —¡ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï ¢Õß x2 ®“°°“√°√–®“¬ (1 + x + x2)3 ‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 1-29

5

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

5

19. ‡≈¢‚¥¥ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 π”¡“ √â“ß®”π«π∑’Ë¡’ ’ËÀ≈—° „Àâ¡’§à“¡“°°«à“ 6,000
‚¥¬‡≈¢‚¥¥·μà≈–À≈—°Àâ“¡´È” ¬°‡«âπμ—«‡≈¢ 4 ‡∑à“π—Èπ∑’Ë„™â´È”‰¥â ®– √â“߉¥â°’Ë®”π«π
20. ∂â“ m ·≈– n ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°´÷Ëß m2 › n4 = 19 ·≈â« m2 + n4 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ¡’®”π«π 15 ¢âÕ §◊Õ ¢âÕ 21-35 ¢âÕ≈– 4 §–·ππ
21. ∂â“ a, b ‡ªìπ§”μÕ∫¢Õß ¡°“√ x2 › x › 1 = 0 ·≈â« a9 + b9 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
22. „ÀâÀ“®”π«π„π·∂«∑’Ë 89 π—∫®“°´â“¬¡◊Õμ—«∑’Ë 3
·∂«∑’Ë 1
1
·∂«∑’Ë 2
2 3 4
·∂«∑’Ë 3
5 6 7 8
·∂«∑’Ë 4
10 11 12 13 14
μ—«Õ¬à“ß ‡™àπ ·∂«∑’Ë 4 ®“°´â“¬¡◊Õμ—«∑’Ë 3 §◊Õ 12
·∂«∑’Ë 3 ®“°´â“¬¡◊Õμ—«∑’Ë 3 §◊Õ 7

9
15

16

23. °”Àπ¥ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡„¥ Ê ∑’Ë¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë 24 3 μ“√“ßÀπ૬ ∂â“ a ‡ªì𧫓¡¬“«
¥â“πμ√ߢⓡ¡ÿ¡ A, b ‡ªì𧫓¡¬“«¥â“πμ√ߢⓡ¡ÿ¡ B ·≈– c ‡ªì𧫓¡¬“«¥â“πμ√ߢⓡ¡ÿ¡ C
·≈– a + b = 20 Àπ૬ c = 16 Àπ૬ ·≈â« a › b ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
24. 𑬓¡ n! = 1 Ó 2 Ó 3 Ó 4 Ó ... Ó n ‡¡◊ËÕ n ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡
∂Ⓡ¢’¬π 20! „π√Ÿª A Ó 10n ‡¡◊ËÕ A ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡·≈â« n ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

}
}

¡’ 3 ®”π«π 2,006 μ—« ¡’ 2 ®”π«π 2,006 μ—«

25. º≈√«¡¢Õ߇≈¢‚¥¥ ´÷Ë߇ªìπº≈≈—æ∏å¢Õß (333 ... 333)2 + 222 ... 222 ‡ªìπ‡∑à“‰√

6

A 1-29

✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

6

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

26. ∂â“ x1 = 2549, x2 = x2 , x3 = x3 , x4 = x4
1

2

3

x5 = x5 , x6 = x6 , x7 = x7 , x8 = x8 ·≈⫺≈§Ÿ≥
4

5

6

7

x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 ‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
27. ∂â“ x, y, z ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß∫«° ´÷Ëß xy + x + y = 11, yz + y + z = 14
zx + z + x = 19 ·≈â« xyz + x + y + z ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
28. ∂â“ x ·≈– y ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß ´÷Ëß x3 + y3 + (x + y)3 + 30xy = 2,000 ·≈â« x + y
¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
29. ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¡’ AB = 20 Àπ૬ AC = 30 Àπ૬ ¡ÿ¡ BAC = 120 Õß»“
∂â“ D ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π BC ∑”„Àâ AD ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß¡ÿ¡ BAC ·≈â« AD ¬“«°’ËÀπ૬
30. ∂â“ x ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß‚¥¬∑’Ë 2 < x < 3 ·≈â«
x + 2 2x › 4 + x › 2 2x › 4 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
31. ∂â“ 1 13 5 + 3 15 7 + 5 17 9 + 7 91 11 + 9 111 13 + 11 131 15 = a
b
⋅ ⋅
⋅ ⋅
⋅ ⋅
⋅ ⋅
⋅ ⋅
⋅ ⋅
‚¥¬∑’Ë a ·≈– b ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∑’Ë À.√.¡. ¢Õß a °—∫ b ‡∑à“°—∫ 1 ·≈â« a + b ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
32. ®“°√–∫∫ ¡°“√
4y = 12 › x2
4x = 12 › y2

.............................. ❶
.............................. ➋

∂â“ A ·≈– B ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥μ—¥¢Õß°√“ø¢Õß ¡°“√·≈â«
√–¬–√–À«à“ß®ÿ¥ A ·≈– B ‡∑à“°—∫°’ËÀπ૬

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 1-29

7

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

7

33. √ŸªÀ°‡À≈’ˬ¡¡ÿ¡‡∑à“ ´÷Ëß¡’§«“¡¬“« 4 ¥â“π ∑’ˇ√’¬ßμ‘¥μàÕ°—𠇪ìπ 6, 7, 8, 9 Àπ૬
®–¡’§«“¡¬“«√Õ∫√Ÿª°’ËÀπ૬
34. °”Àπ¥ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡Àπâ“®—Ë« ¡’ AB = AC ¡ÿ¡ BAC = 80 Ì ∂â“ D ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥¿“¬„π
∑”„Àâ ¡ÿ¡ DAB = ¡ÿ¡ DBA = 10 Ì ·≈â«¡ÿ¡ ADC ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
35. ABC ‡ªì π √Ÿ ª  “¡‡À≈’Ë ¬ ¡ ¡’ P ‡ªì π ®ÿ ¥ ¿“¬„π ≈“° AP æ∫ BC ∑’Ë D ≈“° BP
æ∫ CA ∑’Ë E ≈“° CP æ∫ AB ∑’Ë F ∑”„Àâ PD = PE = PF = 4 Àπ૬
∂â“ AP + BP + CP = 6 Àπ૬·≈â« (AP) Ó (BP) Ó (CP) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

8

A 1-29

✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

8

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

μ—«Õ¬à“ß
·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“
ªï æ.». 2549
§”™’È·®ß
1. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫™π‘¥‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫
2. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’È¡’®”π«π 35 ¢âÕ ·∫à߇ªìπ 2 μÕπ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ¡’®”π«π¢âÕ Õ∫ 20 ¢âÕ §◊Õ ¢âÕ 1-20 ¢âÕ≈– 2 §–·ππ √«¡ 40 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ¡’®”π«π¢âÕ Õ∫ 15 ¢âÕ §◊Õ ¢âÕ 21-35 ¢âÕ≈– 4 §–·ππ √«¡ 60 §–·ππ
3. ‡«≈“∑’Ë„™â„π°“√ Õ∫ „™â‡«≈“ 2 ™—Ë«‚¡ß

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 1-29

9

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

9

μ—«Õ¬à“ß·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“ ªï æ.». 2549

μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ¡’®”π«π 20 ¢âÕ §◊Õ ¢âÕ 1-20 ¢âÕ≈– 2 §–·ππ

1.

77
7
7

7

À“√¥â«¬ 10 ‡À≈◊Õ‡»…‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
7
= 4 (1) + 3
77
7
77

7 4n + 3
10
μÕ∫ 3

= 74n + 3
‡À≈◊Õ‡»… 3

2. „ÀâÀ“§à“¢Õß (2 + 3)2 (2 › 3)3 + (2 › 3)2 (2 + 3)3 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
(2 + 3)(2 › 3)

=
=
=
(2 + 3)2(2 › 3)3 + (2 › 3)2 (2 + 3)3 =
=
μÕ∫ 4

22 › ( 3)2
4›3
1
12 (2 › 3) + 12(2 + 3)
4

10 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 1-29

10

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

3. ªí®®ÿ∫—π‰¡μ√’Õ“¬ÿ 42 ªï ∂Ⓣ¡μ√’¡’Õ“¬ÿ‡∑à“°—∫¡πμ√’„πªí®®ÿ∫—π ·≈â«¡πμ√’®–¡’Õ“¬ÿ‡ªìπ
§√÷ËßÀπ÷ËߢÕ߉¡μ√’ ¥—ßπ—Èπ ªí®®ÿ∫—π¡πμ√’¡’Õ“¬ÿ°’˪ï
·π«§‘¥
„Àâ ªí®®ÿ∫—π ¡πμ√’ Õ“¬ÿ x ªï ‰¡μ√’ Õ“¬ÿ 42 ªï
‡¡◊ËÕ‰¡μ√’ Õ“¬ÿ x ªï ¡πμ√’Õ“¬ÿ x2 ªï
º≈μà“ߢÕßÕ“¬ÿ§ß∑’Ë
42 › x = x › x2
42
= 32 x
x
= 28
μÕ∫ 28 ªï

4. ¡’π—°‡√’¬π 101 §π §√Ÿ§π∑’Ë 1 ¡’¢Õ߇≈àπ 75 ™‘Èπ ·®°„Àâπ—°‡√’¬π§π≈– 1 ™‘Èπ ‚¥¬·®°
‡√’¬ß≈”¥—∫ ®“°§π∑’Ë 1 ®“°´â“¬¡◊Õ‰ª¢«“¡◊Õ §√Ÿ§π∑’Ë 2 ¡’¢Õ߇≈àπ 51 ™‘Èπ ·®°„Àâπ—°‡√’¬π§π≈–
1 ™‘Èπ ‚¥¬·®°‡√’¬ß≈”¥—∫®“°§π∑’Ë 101 ®“°¢«“¡◊Õ¡“´â“¬¡◊Õ §√Ÿ§π∑’Ë 3 ¡’¢Õ߇≈àπ 45 ™‘Èπ
·®°„Àâπ—°‡√’¬π§π≈– 1 ™‘Èπ ‚¥¬·®°‡√’¬ß≈”¥—∫‡√‘Ë¡®“°§π∑’Ë 40 ®“°´â“¬¡◊Õ‰ª¢«“¡◊Õ
¡’π—°‡√’¬π°’˧π∑’ˉ¥â√—∫¢Õ߇≈àπ 3 ™‘Èπ
·π«§‘¥
æ‘®“√≥“®“°μ“√“ß
π—°‡√’¬π§π∑’Ë
1 11 21 31 41 51 61 71 81 91 101

§π∑’Ë 1
§π∑’Ë 2
§π∑’Ë 3

>
1

<

75

50
40

101
84

π—°‡√’¬π∑’ˉ¥â√—∫¢Õ߇≈àπ 3 ™‘Èπ §◊Õ§π∑’Ë 50 ∂÷ߧπ∑’Ë 75 √«¡ 26 §π
μÕ∫ 26 §π

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 1-29

11

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

11

5. ∂â“ a ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°·≈â« (a + 4)(a + 2)(a › 2)(a › 4) + 36 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
(a + 4)(a + 2)(a › 2)(a › 4) + 36 = (a2 › 16)(a2 › 4) + 36
= a4 › 20a2 + 64 + 36
= (a2 › 102)
= a2 › 10
μÕ∫ a2 › 10
6. „ÀâÀ“®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«° m ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ 7m2 + 7m + 7 ‡ªìπ‡®Á¥¬°°”≈—ß ’Ë
·π«§‘¥
= 7(m2 + m + 1)
7m2 + 7m + 7
= 74
∴ ®–‰¥â 7(m2 + m + 1)
m2 + m + 1
= 73 = 343
= 0
m2 + m › 342
(m › 18) (m + 19)
= 0
m
= 18
μÕ∫ 18
7. ∂â“ (a2 › a)3 + (2a2 › 4)3 = (3a2 › a › 4)3
·≈⫺≈§Ÿ≥¢Õߧ”μÕ∫∑—ÈßÀ¡¥¢Õß ¡°“√π’ȇªìπ‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
A
= a2 › a
B
= 2a2 › 4
C
= 3a2 › a › 4
®–‰¥â A + B = C ¥—ßπ—Èπ A3 + B3 = C3 = A3 + B3 + 3AB (A + B)
®–‰¥â 3ABC = 0 π—Ëπ§◊Õ A = 0 À√◊Õ B = 0 À√◊Õ C = 0
A = 0 ®–‰¥â a2 › a = 0
∴ a = 0, 1
B = 0 ®–‰¥â 2a2 › 4 = 0 ∴ a = 2, › 2
C = 0 ®–‰¥â 3a2 › a › 4 = 0 ∴ a = 43 , ›1
º≈§Ÿ≥¢Õߧ”μÕ∫∑—ÈßÀ¡¥‡∑à“°—∫ 0
μÕ∫ 0
12 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 1-29

12

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

2
8. „ÀâÀ“ 2 +1 1 + 3 +1 2 + 4 +1 3 +... + 16 +1 15 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

(

·π«§‘¥

(

)
)

1 + 1 + 1 +...+ 1 2
16 + 15
2+1 3+ 2 4+ 3
= ( 2 › 1 + 3 › 2 + 4 › 3 +...+ 16 › 15 )2
= (›1 + 16)2 = (›1 + 4)2 = (3)2
= 9

μÕ∫ 9
1040
9. ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∑’Ë¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥∑’ËπâÕ¬°«à“À√◊Õ‡∑à“°—∫ 35 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
10 + 3
·π«§‘¥
1040
1035 + 3

3(105)
·μà 35
10 + 3

5 35
5
= 10 (10 + 3) › 10 (3)
1035 + 3
5
5 35
= 10 (10 + 3) › 10 (3)
1035 + 3
1035 + 3
3(105)
5
= 10 › 35
10 + 3
< 1

40
∴ ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∑’Ë¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥∑’ËπâÕ¬°«à“À√◊Õ‡∑à“°—∫ 10
§◊Õ 99999
35 + 3
10
μÕ∫ 99999

10. ∂â“ a = 5 + 1 ·≈– b = 10 + 5
10 + 1
10 › 1
·≈â« a + b › 1 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
a›b+1
«‘∏’∑”
a = 5+1 ⋅
10 + 1
b = 10 + 5 ⋅
10 › 1

10 › 1 = 50 › 5 + 10 › 1
9
10 › 1
10 + 1 = 10 + 10 + 50 + 5
10 + 1
9

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 1-29

13

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

13

a + b › 1 = 50 › 5 + 10 › 1 + 10 + 50 + 5 + 10 › 1
9
9
= 10 2 + 2 10
9
a › b + 1 = 50 › 5 + 10 › 1 › 10 + 50 + 5 + 10 + 1
9
9
= ›2 5›2
9
∴ a + b › 1 = 10 2 + 2 10 Ó 9
9
a›b+1
›2 5 › 2
= 10(2 5 + 2)
›(2 5 + 2)
= › 10
μÕ∫ › 10
11. ∂â“ x + x1 = 3 2 ·≈â« x3 + x›3 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
2
«‘∏’∑”
®“° x + x1 = 3 2 2
2

(x + x1 )3

=

x3

+

3x2

( x1 ) + 3x ( x1 ) + x13

= ( 3 2 ) (3 2 )
2
2
x3 + 3( x + x1 ) + 13
x
x3 + 3 (3 2 2 ) + 13
x
x3 + 13
x
2

= ( 9(2) ) (3 2 )
4 2
= 274 2
= 274 2
= 274 2 › 2(94 2)
= 942

μÕ∫ 9 4 2
14 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 1-29

14

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

A
7

3

4

B

D

C

®“°√Ÿª∂â“ AB = 3 Àπ૬
AC = 7 Àπ૬ AD = 4 Àπ૬ ·≈â«
√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC ¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë°’Ëμ“√“ßÀπ૬

·π«§‘¥ μàÕ AD ‰ª∂÷ß®ÿ¥ D′ ∑”„Àâ CD′ = AB = 3 Àπ૬
A
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë ABC = æ◊Èπ∑’Ë

ACD′

7

3

4

3

a+b+c
2

4

s=

C

D

B

æ◊Èπ∑’Ë

12.

ACD′¡’ s =

7+3+8
2

= 9

D′

ACD′

=

s(s › a)(s › b)(s › c)

=

9(9 › 7)(9 › 3)(9 › 8)

=

9(2)(6)(1)

=

9Ó2Ó2Ó3

= 6 3 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
μÕ∫ 6 3
13. ∂â“ a Ó b = ab + a + b
·≈â« 1 Ó 12 Ó 13 Ó 14 Ó ... Ó 1 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
2,549
·π«§‘¥
1 Ó 12
= 1 12 + 1 + 1 = 2
2

( )

1Ó 1 Ó 1
2

3

= 2Ó 1
3

= 2 1 + 1 +2
3 3
= 3

( )

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 1-29

15

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

15

1 Ó 12 Ó 13 Ó 14

= 3 Ó 14
1 1
= 3 4 + 4 +3
= 4

( )

‚¥¬°“√§“¥‡¥“
1 1 1
1
1 Ó 2 Ó 3 Ó 4 Ó ... Ó 2549 = 2549
μÕ∫ 2549
6x
›6x
14. ∂â“ a4x = 3 › 2 2 ·≈– a›4x =3 › 12 2 ·≈â« a 2x + a›2x ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
a +a
·π«§‘¥ a4x
= 3›2 2

a›4x

1
3+2 2
= 3 › 2 2 Ó3 + 2 2
3+2 2
= 9›8
= 3+2 2

a6x + a›6x = (a2x)3 + (a›2x)3
a2x + a›2x
a2x + a›2x
(a2x + a›2x)(a4x › a4x ⋅ a›4x + a›4x)
=
(a2x + a›2x)
= a4x › a4x ⋅ a›4x + a›4x
= 3›2 2›1+3+2 2
= 5
μÕ∫ 5

16 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 1-29

16

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

15. „Àâ m ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°·≈– p ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡©æ“–∫«° ∂â“ m À“√ 777 ·≈– 910
·≈⫇À≈◊Õ‡»… p ‡∑à“°—π·≈â« m2 + p2 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
777 = m(a) + p ‡¡◊ËÕ a ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«° ................... ❶
910 = m(b) + p ‡¡◊ËÕ b ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«° .................. ➋
➋›❶
910 › 777 = m(b) › m(a)
133
= m(b › a)
b › a ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°
7 Ó 19
= m(b › a)
æ‘®“√≥“®“°‚®∑¬å
m = 19 ‡¡◊ËÕπ” 19 ‰ªÀ“√ 777 ·≈– 910 ·≈â« ®–‡À≈◊Õ‡»…‡∑à“°—π
§◊Õ 17 π—Ëπ§◊Õ p = 17
®–‰¥â m2 + p2 = 192 + 172 = 361 + 289 = 650
μÕ∫ 650
16. æ“√“‚∫≈“∑’˺à“π®ÿ¥°”‡π‘¥·≈–ºà“π®ÿ¥ (1, 12) ·≈– (3, 6) ¡’®ÿ¥¬Õ¥§◊Õ®ÿ¥„¥
·π«§‘¥
„Àâæ“√“‚∫≈“ π—Ëπ§◊Õ y = ax2 + bx + c.........➊
ºà“π®ÿ¥ (0, 0) §◊Õ 0 = 0 + 0 + c
C = 0
ºà“π®ÿ¥ (1, 12)
12 = a + b .....................❷
ºà“π®ÿ¥ (3, 6)
6 = 9a + 3b
2 = 3a + b ...................❸
❷›❸
10 = ›2a
a = ›5 ·∑π„π ❷
12 = ›5 + b
b = 17
2
∴ y = ›5x + 17x
›17 0 › 289 17 289
®ÿ¥¬Õ¥§◊Õ ›10 , ›20 = 10 , 20

(

, 289
μÕ∫ 17
10 20

(

)(

)

)

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 1-29

17

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

17

17. 35 ‡¡◊ËÕ‡ª≈’ˬπ‡ªìπ‡≈¢∞“πÀ°·≈â« μ—«‡≈¢ ÕßÀ≈—° ÿ¥∑⓬‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
35 = 243
243 = 1.63 + 0.62 + 4.61 + 3.60 = (1,043)6
¥—ßπ—Èπ 35 ‡ª≈’ˬπ‡ªìπ‡≈¢∞“πÀ°·≈â« μ—«‡≈¢ ÕßÀ≈—° ÿ¥∑⓬‡ªìπ 43
μÕ∫ 43

{

18.  —¡ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï ¢Õß x2 ®“°°“√°√–®“¬ (1 + x + x2)3 ‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
„Àâ a = 1 + x, b = x2
(a + b)3 = a3 + 3a2b + 3ab2 + 3b3
(1 + x + x2)3 = 1 + 3x + 3x2 + x3 + 3x2 + 3x4 + ...
¡’¥’°√’¡“°°«à“ 2
 .ª. . ¢Õß x2 §◊Õ 3 + 3 = 6
μÕ∫ 6
19. ‡≈¢‚¥¥ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 π”¡“ √â“ß®”π«π∑’Ë¡’ ’ËÀ≈—° „Àâ¡’§à“¡“°°«à“ 6,000
‚¥¬‡≈¢‚¥¥·μà≈–À≈—°Àâ“¡´È” ¬°‡«âπ‡≈¢ 4 ‡∑à“π—Èπ∑’Ë„™â´È”‰¥â ®– √â“߉¥â°’Ë®”π«π
·π«§‘¥
1. ∑ÿ°μ—«μà“ß°—π
___ ___ ___ ___
®”π«π
4 Ó 8 Ó 7 Ó 6
= 1,344 «‘∏’
2. ¡’ 4 ´È”°—π 2 μ—« ®”π«π
4 Ó 1 Ó 1 Ó 7 Ó 3 = 84 «‘∏’
3. ¡’ 4 ´È”°—π 3 μ—« ®”π«π
4 Ó 1 Ó 1 Ó 1
= 4 «‘∏’
®”π«π∑—ÈßÀ¡¥∑’Ë √â“߉¥â = 1,432 ®”π«π
μÕ∫ 1,432 ®”π«π

18 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 1-29

18

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

20. ∂â“ m ·≈– n ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°´÷Ëß m2 › n4 = 19 ·≈â« m2 + n4 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
= (m › n2) (m + n2) = 19
m2 › n4
19 ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡©æ“–®–‰¥â«à“
= 1 .............. ❶
m › n2
m + n2
= 19 ............ ❷
❶ + ❷;2m
= 20
m
= 10
= 18
❷ › ❶;2n2
= 9
n2
n
= 3
2
4
m +n
= 100 + 81
= 181
μÕ∫ 181

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 1-29

19

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

19

μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ¡’®”π«π 15 ¢âÕ §◊Õ ¢âÕ 21-35 ¢âÕ≈– 4 §–·ππ
21. ∂â“ a, b ‡ªìπ§”μÕ∫¢Õß ¡°“√ x2 › x › 1 = 0 ·≈â« a9 + b9 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
a+b = 1
ab
= ›1
a2 + b2 = (a + b)2 › 2ab
= 1 › 2(›1)
=
3
a3 + b3 = (a + b)3 › 3ab(a + b)
= 13 › 3(›1)(1)
= 1+3
=
4
a4 + b4 = (a2 + b2)2 › 2a2b2
= 32 › 2(›1)2 =
7
®–‰¥â
a+b = 1
a2 + b2 = 3
a3 + b3 = 4
a4 + b4 = 7
a5 + b5 = 11
a6 + b6 = 18
a7 + b7 = 29
a8 + b8 = 47
a9 + b9 = 76
À√◊Õ
a9 + b9 = (a3)3 + (b3)3 = (a3 + b3)3 › 3a3b3(a3 + b3)
= (43) › 3(›1)3(4)
= 64 + 12
= 76
μÕ∫ 76

20 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 1-29

20

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

22. „ÀâÀ“®”π«π„π·∂«∑’Ë 89 π—∫®“°´â“¬¡◊Õμ—«∑’Ë 3
·∂«∑’Ë 1
1
·∂«∑’Ë 2
2 3 4
·∂«∑’Ë 3
5 6 7 8
·∂«∑’Ë 4
10 11 12 13 14
μ—«Õ¬à“ß ‡™àπ ·∂«∑’Ë 4 ®“°´â“¬¡◊Õμ—«∑’Ë 3 §◊Õ 12
·∂«∑’Ë 3 ®“°´â“¬¡◊Õμ—«∑’Ë 3 §◊Õ 7
·π«§‘¥
μ—« ÿ¥∑⓬¢Õß·∂«∑’Ë 1 §◊Õ 12 =
μ—« ÿ¥∑⓬¢Õß·∂«∑’Ë 2 §◊Õ 22 =
μ—« ÿ¥∑⓬¢Õß·∂«∑’Ë’ 3 §◊Õ 32 =
..
.
μ—« ÿ¥∑⓬¢Õß·∂«∑’Ë’ 88 §◊Õ 882 =

μ—«∑’Ë “¡¢Õß·∂«∑’Ë 89 §◊Õ 7,744 + 3 =
μÕ∫ 7,747

9
15

16

1
4
9
7,744
7,747

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 1-29

21

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

21

23.°”Àπ¥ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡„¥ Ê ∑’Ë¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë 24 3 μ“√“ßÀπ૬ ∂â“ a ‡ªì𧫓¡¬“«
¥â“πμ√ߢⓡ¡ÿ¡ A, b ‡ªì𧫓¡¬“«¥â“πμ√ߢⓡ¡ÿ¡ B ·≈– c ‡ªì𧫓¡¬“«¥â“πμ√ߢⓡ¡ÿ¡ C
·≈– a + b = 20 Àπ૬ c = 16 Àπ૬ ·≈â« |a › b| ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë ABC = s(s › a)(a › b)(s › c)

A

s =
c

B

b

a

a + b + c 20 + 16 36
= 2 = 2 = 18
2

C

æ◊Èπ∑’Ë

ABC = 24 3
18(18 › a)(18 › 20 + a)(18 › 16)
6 (18 › a)(a › 2)
(18 › a)(a › 2)
(18 ‹› a)(a › 2)
18a › 36 › a2 + 2a
a2 › 20a + 84
(a › 14)(a › 6)
∂â“ a = 14, b = 6, À√◊Õ a = 6, b = 14
®–‰¥â |a › b| = |14 › 6| = 8
μÕ∫ 8

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

24 3
24 3
4 3
48
48
0
0

24.𑬓¡ n! = 1 Ó 2 Ó 3 Ó 4 Ó ... Ó n ‡¡◊ËÕ n ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡
∂Ⓡ¢’¬π 20! „π√Ÿª A Ó 10n ‡¡◊ËÕ A ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡·≈â« n ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
æ‘®“√≥“ 20! ¡’ 5 §Ÿ≥°—πÕ¬Ÿà∑—ÈßÀ¡¥°’Ëμ—«
º≈§Ÿ≥¢Õß®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°μ—Èß·μà 1 ∂÷ß 20 ¡’ 5 „π 5, 10, 15 ·≈– 20
¥—ßπ—Èπ º≈§Ÿ≥¢Õß®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°μ—Èß·μà 1 ∂÷ß 20 ¡’ 10 §Ÿ≥°—πÕ¬Ÿà 4 μ—«
∴ n = 4
μÕ∫ 4

22 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 1-29

22

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

}
}

¡’ 3 ®”π«π 2,006 μ—« ¡’ 2 ®”π«π 2,006 μ—«
´÷Ë߇ªìπº≈≈—æ∏å¢Õß (333 ... 333)2 + 222 ... 222 ‡ªìπ‡∑à“‰√

25.º≈√«¡¢Õ߇≈¢‚¥¥
·π«§‘¥
= 11
32 + 2
332 + 22 = 1111
3332 + 222 = 111111

}
}

}

¡’ 3 ®”π«π 2,006 μ—« ¡’ 2 ®”π«π 2,006 μ—« ¡’ 1 ®”π«π 4,012 μ—«
(333 ... 333)2 + 222 ... 222 = 111 ... 111


∴ º≈√«¡¢Õ߇≈¢‚¥¥ §◊Õ 4,012
μÕ∫ 4,012
26.∂â“ x1 = 2,549, x2 = x2 , x3 = x3 , x4 = x4
1

2

3

x5 = x5 , x6 = x6 , x7 = x7 , x8 = x8 ·≈⫺≈§Ÿ≥
4

5

6

7

x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 ‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
x1 x2 = 2, x3 x4 = 4, x5 x6 = 6, x7 x8 = 8
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8
= 2Ó4Ó6Ó8
= 384
μÕ∫ 384
27.∂â“ x, y, z ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß∫«° ´÷Ëß xy + x + y = 11, yz + y + z = 14
zx + z + x = 19 ·≈â« xyz + x + y + z ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
xy + x + y + 1 = 12
(x + 1)(y + 1) = 12..................... ❶
yz + y + z + 1 = 15
(y + 1)(z + 1) = 15..................... ❷
zx + z + x + 1 = 20..................... ❸
(z + 1)(x + 1) = 20
❶ Ó ❷; (y + 1)2 = 12 20Ó 15 = 9

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 1-29

23

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

23

y+1
= 3
y
= 2
·∑π§à“„π y = 2 „π ❶ x = 3
·∑π§à“ y = 2 „π ❷
z=4
xyz + x + y + z
= 24 + 9
= 33
μÕ∫ 33
28.∂â“ x ·≈– y ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß ´÷Ëß x3 + y3 + (x + y)3 + 30xy = 2,000 ·≈â« x + y
¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
x3 + 3x2y + 3xy2 + y3 + (x + y)3 › 3x2y › 3xy2 + 30xy = 2,000
(x + y)3 + (x + y)3 › 3xy(x + y › 10) › 2,000 = 0
2(x + y)3 › 2(10)3 › 3xy(x + y › 10) = 0
(x + y › 10)[2{(x + y)2 + 10(x + y) + 102} › 3xy] = 0
(x + y › 10)(2x2 + xy + 2y2 + 10x + 10y + 100) = 0
·μà 2x2 + xy + 2y2 + 10x + 10y + 100 > 0
¥—ßπ—Èπ
x + y › 10 = 0
x + y = 10
μÕ∫ 10
29.ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ¡’ AB = 20 Àπ૬ AC = 30 Àπ૬ ¡ÿ¡ BAC = 120 Õß»“
∂â“ D ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π BC ∑”„Àâ AD ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß¡ÿ¡ BAC ·≈â« AD ¬“«°’ËÀπ૬
·π«§‘¥
≈“° DE // BA ®–‰¥â ¡ÿ¡ BAD = ¡ÿ¡ ADE = 60 Ì (¡ÿ¡·¬âß)

∴ DEA = 60 Ì ‰¥â AD = DE = EA = x
B
ABC ∼ EDC

D

AB = CA
DE CE
20 = 30
30 › x
x

20
A

C

E
30

24 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 1-29

24

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

2(30 › x) = 3x
x
= 12
AD
= 12 Àπ૬
μÕ∫ 12 Àπ૬
30.∂â“ x ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß ‚¥¬∑’Ë 2 < x < 3 ·≈â«
x + 2 2x › 4 + x › 2 2x › 4 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
„Àâ
P = x + 2 2x › 4 + x › 2 2x › 4
P2 = x + 2 2x › 4 + 2 (x + 2 2x › 4)(x › 2 2x › 4) + x › 2 2x › 4
= 2x + 2 x2 › 4(2x › 4)
= 2x + 2 x2 › 8x + 16
= 2x + 2 (x › 4)2
= 2x + 2 x › 4
= 2x + 2(4 › x) ‡æ√“–«à“ x < 4 ®–‰¥â x ‹› 4 = 4 › x
= 2x + 8 › 2x
P2 = 8
P = 2 2
μÕ∫ 2 2
31.∂â“ 1 13 5 + 1 + 1 + 7 91 11 + 9 111 13 + 11 131 15 = ba
⋅ ⋅ 3⋅5⋅7 5⋅7⋅9 ⋅ ⋅
⋅ ⋅
⋅ ⋅
‚¥¬∑’Ë a ·≈– b ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∑’Ë À.√.¡. ¢Õß a °—∫ b ‡∑à“°—∫ 1 ·≈â« a + b ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
1
1 1
1
1 5›1
1
1 ⋅ 3 ⋅ 5 = 4 1 ⋅ 3 ›3 ⋅ 5a = 4 1 ⋅ 3 ⋅ 5 = 1 ⋅ 3 ⋅ 5

(
(

1
1 1
1
3⋅5⋅7= 4 3⋅5 › 5⋅7

) ( )
)

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 1-29

25

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

25

¥—ßπ—Èπ ®“°‚®∑¬å
1
1
1
1
1
1
1 Ó 3 Ó 5 + 3 Ó 5 Ó 7 +5 Ó 7 Ó 9 + 7 Ó 9 Ó 11 + 9 Ó 11 Ó 13 + 11 Ó 13 Ó 15

(
( )
( )
( )
()

= 14 1 1Ó 3 › 3 1Ó 5 + 3 1Ó 5 › 5 1Ó 7 + 5 1Ó 7 › 7 1Ó 9 + 7 1Ó 9 › 9 Ó1 11
+ 9 Ó1 11 › 11 Ó1 13 + 11 Ó1 13 › 13 Ó1 15
= 14 1 1Ó 3 › 13 Ó1 15
1
= 14 13 › 195
= 14 65195‹› 1

)

64
= 14 195
16
= 195

À.√.¡. 16 °—∫ 195 §◊Õ 1 ¥—ßπ—Èπ a + b = 16 + 195 = 211
μÕ∫ 211
32.®“°√–∫∫ ¡°“√
4y = 12 › x2 ................................... ❶
4x = 12 › y2 ................................... ➋
∂â“ A ·≈– B ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥μ—¥¢Õß°√“ø¢Õß ¡°“√ ·≈â«√–¬–√–À«à“ß®ÿ¥ A ·≈– B
‡∑à“°—∫°’ËÀπ૬
·π«§‘¥
4y = 12 › x2 .............................. ❶
4x = 12 › y2 .............................. ➋
2
®“° ❶ y = 12 › x
.............................. ➌
4
π”§à“ y ®“° ➌ ·∑π„π ➋
26 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 1-29

26

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

2

( )
( )

2
4x = 12 › 12 ›4x

2 + x4
4x = 12 › 144 › 24x
16

2 4
4x = 192 › 14416+ 24x › x

x4 › 24x2 + 64x › 48 = 0
(x › 2)(x › 2)(x › 2)(x + 6) = 0
x = 2, x = ›6
2
∂â“ x = 2, y = 12 ›4 (2) = 84 = 2

·≈– x = ›6, y = ›6
®ÿ¥μ—¥§◊Õ A (2, 2) ·≈– B (›6, ›6)
√–¬–∑“ß√–À«à“ß 2 ®ÿ¥ §◊Õ
(›6 › 2)2 + (›6 › 2)2 = 82 + 82 = 2 (82)
= 8 2 Àπ૬
μÕ∫ 8 2 Àπ૬
33.√ŸªÀ°‡À≈’ˬ¡¡ÿ¡‡∑à“ ´÷Ëß¡’§«“¡¬“« 4 ¥â“π∑’ˇ√’¬ßμ‘¥μàÕ°—𠇪ìπ 6, 7, 8, 9 Àπ૬
®–¡’§«“¡¬“«√Õ∫√Ÿª°’ËÀπ૬
·π«§‘¥
A
y

y

60 Ì
120
Ì
9

60 Ì
120 Ì

120 Ì

120 Ì
60 Ì

8
120 Ì
B 60 Ì 8 60 Ì
7

x

6

6
60 Ì

C
6

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 1-29

27

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

27

ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“¡’ BC = 21
BA = 21
∴y = 4
AC = 21, x + y + 6 = 21
x = 11
§«“¡¬“«√Õ∫√ŸªÀ°‡À≈’ˬ¡ = 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 4 + 11 Àπ૬
= 45 Àπ૬
μÕ∫ 45 Àπ૬
34.°”Àπ¥ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡Àπâ“®—Ë« ¡’ AB = AC ¡ÿ¡ BAC = 80 Ì ∂â“ D ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥¿“¬„π
∑”„Àâ ¡ÿ¡ DAB = ¡ÿ¡ DBA = 10 Ì ·≈â«¡ÿ¡ ADC ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
·π«§‘¥
 √â“ß®ÿ¥ E „π ABC „Àâ¡ÿ¡ EAC = ¡ÿ¡ ECA = 10 Ì ≈“° ED
ABD
≅ ACE (¡.¥.¡.)
AD
= AE
·μà¡ÿ¡ DAE = 60 Ì
∴ ADE ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“
¡ÿ¡ CED
= 140 Ì ·≈– DE = CE
∴ ¡ÿ¡ EDC = 20 Ì
¡ÿ¡ ADC = 80 Ì
μÕ∫ 80 Ì

A
)
)

)

B

D
E
)

C

28 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 1-29

28

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

35.ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ¡’ P ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥¿“¬„π ≈“° AP æ∫ BC ∑’Ë D ≈“° BP æ∫ CA
∑’Ë E ≈“° CP æ∫ AB ∑’Ë F ∑”„Àâ PD = PE = PF = 4 Àπ૬ ∂â“ AP + BP + CP = 6
·≈â« (AP) Ó (BP) Ó (CP) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
„Àâ AP = x, BP = y, CP = z
®–‰¥â x + y + z = 6
A
1 Ó BC Ó PD
æ.∑. BCP
= 2
1
æ.∑. ABC
x
2 Ó BC Ó AD
F
E
4
4
P
=
.................  
x+4
z
y
1 Ó CA Ó PE
4
æ.∑. CAP
B
C
= 2
D
1
æ.∑. ABC
2 Ó CA Ó BE
4 ................. ➋
=
y+4
1 Ó AB Ó PF
æ.∑. ABP
= 12
æ.∑. ABC
2 Ó AB Ó CF
4 ................. ➌
=
z+4
4 + 4 + 4
➊ + ➋ +➌, 1 =
x+4 y+4 z+4




䴉 (x + 4)(y + 4)(z + 4) = 4(x + 4)(y + 4) + 4(y + 4)(z + 4) + 4(z + 4)(x + 4)
xyz + 4xy + 4yz + 16x + 16y + 16z + 64 = 4(xy + 4x + 4y + 16 + yz + 4y + 4z + 16 +
zx + 4z + 4x + 16)
xyz
= 16x + 16y + 16z + 128
= 16(x + y + z) + 128
= 96 + 128
= 224
μÕ∫ 224
‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 1-29

29

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

29

μ—«Õ¬à“ß
·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑»
ªï æ.». 2549
§”™’È·®ß
1. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫™π‘¥‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫
2. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’È¡’®”π«π 30 ¢âÕ ·∫à߇ªìπ 2 μÕπ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ¡’®”π«π¢âÕ Õ∫ 20 ¢âÕ §◊Õ ¢âÕ 1-20 ¢âÕ≈– 3 §–·ππ √«¡ 60 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ¡’®”π«π¢âÕ Õ∫ 10 ¢âÕ §◊Õ ¢âÕ 21-30 ¢âÕ≈– 4 §–·ππ √«¡ 40 §–·ππ
3. ‡«≈“∑’Ë„™â„π°“√ Õ∫ „™â‡«≈“ 2 ™—Ë«‚¡ß

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 31-57

31

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

31

μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2549

®ßÀ“§”μÕ∫∑ÿ°§”μÕ∫¢Õß ¡°“√
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ¡’ 20 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 3 §–·ππ
1. ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«° 5 ®”π«π‡√’¬ß°—π ´÷Ëß¡’º≈§Ÿ≥‡ªìπ 6375600 º≈∫«°¢Õß®”π«π
∑’ËÕ¬Ÿà√–À«à“ß®”π«π∑’ËπâÕ¬∑’Ë ÿ¥°—∫®”π«π∑’Ë¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥„π 5 ®”π«ππ’ȇªìπ‡∑à“„¥
2. ®ßÀ“§à“ 2548 Ó 2546 Ó 2544 Ó 2542 + 16 μÕ∫„π√Ÿª®”π«π‡μÁ¡
3. ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°μ—Èß·μà 1 ∂÷ß 600 ∑’ËÀ“√¥â«¬ 3 À√◊Õ 5 À√◊Õ 7 ‰¡à≈ßμ—«¡’∑—ÈßÀ¡¥°’Ë®”π«π
4. „Àâ x ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡ ‚¥¬∑’Ë 1 ≤ x ≤ 65 ·≈– À.√.¡. ¢Õß x °—∫ 65 ‡∑à“°—∫ 1 ·≈⫺≈∫«°
¢Õß x ¡’§à“‡∑à“‰√
5. ∂Ⓡ¢’¬π®”π«π‡μÁ¡μ—Èß·μà 1 ∂÷ß 1000 μâÕ߇¢’¬πμ—«‡≈¢»Ÿπ¬å°’˧√—Èß
6. „Àâ A = 3x›1 › 2 Ó 9x ‡¡◊ËÕ x ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß §à“¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥¢Õß A ‡ªìπ‡∑à“‰√
7. ®“°√Ÿª ABCD ‡ªìπ√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡º◊πºâ“ M, N ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ߢÕߥâ“π AD ·≈– AB
μ“¡≈”¥—∫ ®ßÀ“§«“¡¬“«¢Õß BC

x
M

N

y

A

y

B

5
17

D

C

32 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 31-57

32

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

8. ®ßÀ“®”π«π§ŸàÕ—π¥—∫ (x, y) ∑—ÈßÀ¡¥∑’ˇªìπ§”μÕ∫¢Õß ¡°“√ 7 › 3 = 1 ‡¡◊ËÕ x, y
x y
‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡
9. °”Àπ¥ x, y ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß ‚¥¬∑’Ë y + 2 + 17 = 8 › x ®ßÀ“§ŸàÕ—π¥—∫ (x, y) ∑—ÈßÀ¡¥
x xy
y
∑’Ë Õ¥§≈âÕß°—∫ ¡°“√π’È
10. °”Àπ¥æÀÿπ“¡ P(x) = P(P(x + 23)) ‡¡◊ËÕ x < 2,024 ·≈– P(x) = x › 17 ‡¡◊ËÕ x ≥ 2,024
·≈â«§à“¢Õß P(2,549) + P(2,006) ‡∑à“°—∫‡∑à“„¥

<

11. ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¡’ AB = 21 BC = 20 D ·≈– E ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π CA ∑”„Àâ
CD = 8 DE = 12 ·≈– EA = 9 ¢π“¥¢Õß¡ÿ¡ DBE ‡ªìπ‡∑à“‰√

<

12. „Àâ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡„¥ Ê μàÕ¥â“π AB ·≈– AC ÕÕ°‰ª∑“ß B ·≈– C ∂÷ß D
·≈– E μ“¡≈”¥—∫ OB ·≈– OC ‡ªìπ‡ âπ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß¡ÿ¡ CBD ·≈–¡ÿ¡ BCE μ“¡≈”¥—∫
∂â“¡ÿ¡ BAE ¡’¢π“¥ 80 Ì®ßÀ“¢π“¥¢Õß BOC (∑’ˇªìπ¡ÿ¡·À≈¡)
13. ∂â“ a + b + c = 1
ab + bc + ca = 2
abc = 3
®ßÀ“§à“ a3 + b3 + c3
14. ∂â“ x ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß∫«° ·≈– x + x1 = 4 2 ·≈â« x3 › 13 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
x

15. √Ÿ ª  “¡‡À≈’Ë ¬ ¡√Ÿ ª Àπ÷Ë ß ≈â Õ ¡√Õ∫¥â « ¬«ß°≈¡ ¥â “ πÀπ÷Ë ß ¢Õß√Ÿ ª  “¡‡À≈’Ë ¬ ¡π—È π ¬“«
12 ‡´π쑇¡μ√ ·≈–¡ÿ¡μ√ߢⓡ¥â“ππ—πÈ «—¥‰¥â 30 Ì «ß°≈¡π—πÈ ¡’‡ âπºà“π»Ÿπ¬å°≈“߬“«‡∑à“„¥

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 31-57

33

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

33

16. ®“°√Ÿª∂â“√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¡ÿ¡©“°¡’ MB + MA = BC + AC ∂â“ BC = 8 Àπ૬ ·≈–
AC = 10 Àπ૬ ®ßÀ“ MB
M

B
C

A

17. ‡ âπμ√ß L1 ºà“π®ÿ¥ (›2, 0) ·≈– (›1, 2) L2 ‡ªìπ‡ âπμ√ß∑’˺à“π®ÿ¥°”‡π‘¥·≈–μ—Èß©“°°—∫ L1
·≈â«æ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡∑’Ë≈âÕ¡√Õ∫¥â«¬·°π x ‡ âπμ√ß L1 ·≈–‡ âπμ√ß L2 ‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
18. ®ßÀ“æ®πå∑’Ë 100 ‡¡◊ËÕ°”Àπ¥æ®πå∑’Ë 90 ¢Õß≈”¥—∫ 1, 2, 4, 7, 11, ... ¡’§à“‡ªìπ 4,006
19. (1 + 3 )(1 + 3 )(1 + . 3. ). (1 + 3 ) ... (1 + 3 )(1 + 3 ) ¡’§à“‡ªìπ‡∑à“‰√
4
5
6
7
50
51
20. „Àâ O ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°”‡π‘¥≈“° à«π¢Õ߇ âπμ√ß OA ·≈– OB ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ®ÿ¥ A ·≈– B Õ¬Ÿà∫π‡ âπμ√ß
2x + y = 4 ‚¥¬¡’ OA = OB ·≈–¡ÿ¡ AOB ‡ªìπ¡ÿ¡©“° ®ßÀ“æ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ OAB

μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ¡’ 10 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 4 §–·ππ
21. º≈∫«°¢Õߧ”μÕ∫∑—È ß À¡¥¢Õß ¡°“√ (x 2 › 3x › 4) 3 + (2x 2 + x › 1) 3
= (32x › 2x › 5)3 ‡ªìπ‡∑à“‰√
22. °”Àπ¥æÀÿπ“¡ P(x) = x4 › 6x3 › 5x2 › 8x › 6 ∂â“æÀÿπ“¡ P(x) À“√¥â«¬ x › 7 ≈ßμ—«
·≈â« x ¡’§à“‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°°’Ë®”π«π
23. „Àâ p, g ‡ªìπ√“°¢Õß ¡°“√ x2 + 5x + 1 = 0 ·≈– r, s ‡ªìπ√“°¢Õß ¡°“√
x2 + 3x + 1 = 0 ®ßÀ“§à“ (p › r)(g › r)(p + s)(g + s) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

34 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 31-57

34

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

24. ®ß·¬°μ—«ª√–°Õ∫¢Õß (x2 + 5x + 6)(x2 + 20x + 96) › 4x2
25. ¡’®”π«π‡μÁ¡ x, y ∑’Ëμà“ß°—π °’Ë§Ÿà Õ¬Ÿà√–À«à“ß 1 ·≈– 100 ∑’Ë 49 ‰ªÀ“√ x2 + y2 ≈ßμ—«
∂â“ (x, y) °—∫ (y, x) ∂◊Õ«à“‡ªìπ§Ÿà‡¥’¬«°—π
A

26.

E

B
N

R
M

S
F

H

U

P
T
Q

D

C

G

ABCD ‡ªìπ√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡¥â“π¢π“π ®ÿ¥ E, F, G ·≈– H ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ߥâ“π AB, BC, CD ·≈– DA
μ“¡≈”¥—∫ ≈“° AG, CE, DF ·≈– BH μ—¥°—π‡°‘¥√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡¥â“π¢π“π MNPQ
´÷Ëß¡’®ÿ¥ R, S, T ·≈– U ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ߥâ“π MN, NP, PQ ·≈– QM μ“¡≈”¥—∫
∂â“ à«π∑’Ë·√‡ß“¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë 15 μ“√“ßÀπ૬ ®ßÀ“æ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ ABCD
27. ®“°√Ÿª PA ·≈– QC  —¡º— «ß°≈¡ O ∑’Ë®ÿ¥ A ·≈– C μ“¡≈”¥—∫
A

B

O

Q

C

P

∂â“ QC = PA 34 ®ßÀ“§à“ QA Ó QB
PC Ó PB

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 31-57

35

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

35

28. „Àâ L ‡ªìπ‡ âπμ√ß∑’Ë¡’§«“¡™—π‡ªìπ › 43 ºà“π®ÿ¥»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ߢÕß«ß°≈¡ x2 + y2 › 4x + 2y › 4 = 0
·≈–μ— ¥ «ß°≈¡∑’Ë ®ÿ ¥ A ·≈– B ∂â “ ®ÿ ¥ C ¡’ æ‘ °— ¥ ‡ªì π (›1, ›2) ·≈â « ®ßÀ“æ◊È π ∑’Ë
√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC
29. „ÀâÀ“®”π«π„π·∂«∑’Ë 89 π—∫®“°´â“¬¡◊Õμ—«∑’Ë 3
·∂«∑’Ë 1
1
·∂«∑’Ë 2
2 3
·∂«∑’Ë 3
5 6 7
·∂«∑’Ë 4
10 11 12 13
μ—«Õ¬à“ß ‡™àπ ·∂«∑’Ë 4 ®“°´â“¬¡◊Õμ—«∑’Ë 3 §◊Õ 12
·∂«∑’Ë 3 ®“°´â“¬¡◊Õμ—«∑’Ë 3 §◊Õ 7

4
8
14

9
15

16

30. √Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC ‡ âπ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß¡ÿ¡ A æ∫ BC ∑’Ë®ÿ¥ D ®“°®ÿ¥ B ≈“°‡ âπμ—Èß©“°°—∫
AD ∑’Ë®ÿ¥ E ≈“° HG ºà“π®ÿ¥ E ·≈–¢π“π°—∫ AC æ∫ BC ∑’Ë®ÿ¥ G ·≈– AB ∑’Ë®ÿ¥ H
∂â“ AB = 26, BC = 28, AC = 30 ®ßÀ“§«“¡¬“« DG

36 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 31-57

36

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

μ—«Õ¬à“ß
·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑»
ªï æ.». 2549
§”™’È·®ß
1. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫™π‘¥‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫
2. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’È¡’®”π«π 30 ¢âÕ ·∫à߇ªìπ 2 μÕπ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ¡’®”π«π¢âÕ Õ∫ 20 ¢âÕ §◊Õ ¢âÕ 1-20 ¢âÕ≈– 3 §–·ππ √«¡ 60 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ¡’®”π«π¢âÕ Õ∫ 10 ¢âÕ §◊Õ ¢âÕ 21-30 ¢âÕ≈– 4 §–·ππ √«¡ 40 §–·ππ
3. ‡«≈“∑’Ë„™â„π°“√ Õ∫ „™â‡«≈“ 2 ™—Ë«‚¡ß

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 31-57

37

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

37

μ—«Õ¬à“ß·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2549

®ßÀ“§”μÕ∫∑ÿ°§”μÕ∫¢Õß ¡°“√
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ¡’ 20 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 3 §–·ππ
1. ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«° 5 ®”π«π‡√’¬ß°—π ´÷Ëß¡’º≈§Ÿ≥‡ªìπ 6375600 º≈∫«°¢Õß®”π«π
∑’ËÕ¬Ÿà√–À«à“ß®”π«π∑’ËπâÕ¬∑’Ë ÿ¥°—∫®”π«π∑’Ë¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥„π 5 ®”π«ππ’ȇªìπ‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
6375600 = 102 Ó 22 Ó 32 Ó 7 Ó 11 Ó 23
= 102 Ó 2 Ó 3 Ó 21 Ó 22 Ó 23
= 52 Ó 22 Ó 2 Ó 3 Ó 21 Ó 22 Ó 23
= 21 Ó 22 Ó 23 Ó 24 Ó 25
º≈∫«°¢Õß 22, 23 ·≈– 24 §◊Õ = 22 + 23 + 24 = 69
μÕ∫ 69
2. ®ßÀ“§à“ 2,548 Ó 2,546 Ó 2,544 Ó 2,542 + 16 μÕ∫„π√Ÿª®”π«π‡μÁ¡
·π«§‘¥
„Àâ a = 2,545
(2,548)(2,546)(2,544)(2,542) + 16
= (a + 3)(a + 1)(a › 1)(a › 3) + 16
= (a2 › 9)(a2 › 1) + 16
= a4 › 10a2 + 9 + 16
= a4 › 10a2 + 25
= (a2 › 5)2 = a2 › 5
= 2,5452 › 5
μÕ∫ 6,477,020

38 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 31-57

38

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

3. ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°μ—Èß·μà 1 ∂÷ß 600 ∑’ËÀ“√¥â«¬ 3 À√◊Õ 5 À√◊Õ 7 ‰¡à≈ßμ—«¡’∑—ÈßÀ¡¥°’Ë®”π«π
·π«§‘¥
600
À“√¥â«¬ 3 ≈ßμ—«¡’ 3
= 200
À“√¥â«¬ 5 ≈ßμ—«¡’ 600
= 120
5
À“√¥â«¬ 7 ≈ßμ—«¡’ 600
= 85
7
À“√¥â«¬ 3 ·≈– 5 ≈ßμ—«¡’ 3600
= 40
Ó5
À“√¥â«¬ 5 ·≈– 7 ≈ßμ—«¡’ 5600
= 17
Ó7
À“√¥â«¬ 7 ·≈– 3 ≈ßμ—«¡’ 7600
= 28
Ó3
À“√¥â«¬ 3, 5, 7 ≈ßμ—«¡’ 600
= 5
105
¥—ßπ—Èπ ®”π«π‡μÁ¡μ—Èß·μà 1 ∂÷ß 600 À“√≈ßμ—«¥â«¬ 3 À√◊Õ 5 À√◊Õ 7 §◊Õ 200 + 120 +
85 › 40 › 17 › 28 + 5 = 325
¥—ßπ—Èπ ®”π«π‡μÁ¡μ—Èß·μà 1 ∂÷ß 600 ∑’ËÀ“√‰¡à≈ßμ—«¥â«¬ 3 À√◊Õ 5 À√◊Õ 7 §◊Õ
600 › 325 = 275
μÕ∫ 275
4. „Àâ x ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡ ‚¥¬∑’Ë 1 ≤ x ≤ 65 ·≈– À.√.¡. ¢Õß x °—∫ 65 ‡∑à“°—∫ 1 ·≈⫺≈∫«°
¢Õß x ¡’§à“‡∑à“‰√
·π«§‘¥
À.√.¡. ¢Õß x °—∫ 65 ‡∑à“°—∫ 1 · ¥ß«à“ x À“√¥â«¬ 5 À√◊Õ 13 ‰¡à≈ßμ—«
¥—ßπ—Èπ ®”π«π∑’ËÀ“√¥â«¬ 5 ≈ßμ—« §◊Õ 5, 10, 15, ..., 65
º≈∫«°‡ªìπ 5(1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 13)
= 5 (132 )(13 + 1)
= 5 Ó 13 Ó 7 = 455
®”π«π∑’Ë 13 À“√≈ßμ—«§◊Õ 13, 26, 39, 52 ¡’§à“√«¡ 130
®”π«π∑’ËÀ“√¥â«¬ 5 À√◊Õ 13 ≈ßμ—«√«¡°—π‰¥â 585
º≈∫«°¢Õß 1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 65
= 652 (65 + 1)
= 65(33)
= 2,145
¥—ßπ—Èπ º≈∫«°¢Õß x ¡’§à“
= 2,145 › 585 = 1,560
μÕ∫ 1,560
‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 31-57

39

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

39

5. ∂Ⓡ¢’¬π®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°μ—Èß·μà 1 ∂÷ß 1,000 μâÕ߇¢’¬πμ—«‡≈¢»Ÿπ¬å°’˧√—Èß
·π«§‘¥
®”π«π 1 À≈—° ‰¡à¡’μ—«‡≈¢ 0 ‡¢’¬π 0 ‰¥â 0 §√—Èß
®”π«π 2 À≈—°
μ—«‡≈¢ 0 Õ¬ŸàÀ≈—°Àπ૬ ‡¢’¬π 0 ‰¥â 9 Ó 1 = 9 §√—Èß
®”π«π 3 À≈—° μ—«‡≈¢ 0 Õ¬ŸàÀ≈—°Àπ૬
9 Ó 10 Ó 1 = 90 §√—Èß
μ—«‡≈¢ 0 Õ¬ŸàÀ≈—° ‘∫
9 Ó 1 Ó 10 = 90 §√—Èß
®”π«π 4 À≈—° ¡’μ—«‡≈¢»Ÿπ¬å 3 μ—« §◊Õ ®”π«π 1,000 ‡¢’¬π 0 ‰¥â 3 §√—Èß
¥—ßπ—Èπμ—«‡≈¢ 0 ®–∂Ÿ°‡¢’¬π∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ 90 + 90 + 9 + 3 = 189 + 3 = 192
μÕ∫ 192
6. „Àâ A = 3x›1 › 2 Ó 9x ‡¡◊ËÕ x ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß §à“¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥¢Õß A ‡ªìπ‡∑à“‰√
·π«§‘¥
x
3x›1 › 2 ⋅ 9x = 3 › 2 ⋅ 32x x
3
= ›2 ⋅ 32x + 3
3
3x + 1 2 1 2
2x
= › 2 3 › 6 ( )› ( )
12 12
= ›2(3x › 1 )2 + 2
12 144
2 = 1
¥—ßπ—Èπ §à“¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥§◊Õ
144 72
μÕ∫ 1
72

(

)

40 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 31-57

40

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

7. ®“°√Ÿª ABCD ‡ªìπ√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡º◊πºâ“ M, N ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ߢÕߥâ“π AD ·≈– AB
μ“¡≈”¥—∫ ®ßÀ“§«“¡¬“«¢Õß BC
x
M

N

y

A

y

B

5
17

D

C

·π«§‘¥
„π AMN;

x2 + y2 = ( 5)2
x2 + y2 = 5 ...................... ➊
„π MDC;
x2 + (2y)2 = ( 17)2
x2 + 4y2 = 17 ...................... ➋
➋›➊
3y2 = 12
y2 = 4
„™â§à“ y ‡©æ“–§à“∫«°
y = 2 ·∑π„π ➊
x2 + 4 = 5
x
= 1
¥—ßπ—Èπ BC = 2x = 2(1)
= 2
μÕ∫ 2 Àπ૬

7
8. ®ßÀ“®”π«π§ŸàÕ—π¥—∫ (x, y) ∑—ÈßÀ¡¥∑’ˇªìπ§”μÕ∫¢Õß ¡°“√ x › 3 = 1 ‡¡◊ËÕ x, y
y
‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡
·π«§‘¥
7 3 = 1 ........................... 
x ›y
‡Õ“ xy §Ÿ≥  ®–‰¥â 7y › 3x = xy
xy › 7y + 3x = 0
xy › 7y + 3x › 21 = ›21
‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 31-57

41

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

41

(x › 7)(y + 3) = ›21 ‡¡◊ËÕ x ≠ 0 ·≈– y ≠ 0
(x › 7, y + 3) = (›1, 21), (›3, 7), (›7, 3), (›21, 1), (1, ›21), (3, ›7), (7, ›3), (21, ›1)
‰¥â∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ 8 §ŸàÕ—π¥—∫ ·μà (x, y) = (0, 0) 1 §ŸàÕ—π¥—∫ §◊Õ
(x › 7, y + 3) = (›7, 3) ∑”„Àâ§à“ x = 0, y = 0 ®÷ß„™â‰¡à‰¥â
¥—ßπ—Èπ ®÷ß¡’§”μÕ∫ 7 §ŸàÕ—π¥—∫
μÕ∫ 7
9. °”Àπ¥ x, y ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß ‚¥¬∑’Ë y + 2 + 17 = 8 › x ®ßÀ“§ŸàÕ—π¥—∫ (x, y) ∑—ÈßÀ¡¥
x xy
y
∑’Ë Õ¥§≈âÕß°—∫ ¡°“√π’È
·π«§‘¥
‡Õ“ xy §Ÿ≥∑—Èß Õߢâ“ß
y(y + 2) + 17 = x (8 › x)
y2 + 2y + 17 = 8x › x2
(y2 + 2y + 1) + (x2 › 8x + 16) = 0
(y +1)2 + (x › 4)2 = 0
y = › 1, x = 4
μÕ∫ 4, ›1
10. °”Àπ¥æÀÿπ“¡ P(x) = P(P(x + 23)) ‡¡◊ËÕ x < 2,024 ·≈– P(x) = x › 17 ‡¡◊ËÕ x ≥ 2,024
·≈â«§à“¢Õß P(2,549) + P(2,006) ‡∑à“°—∫‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
P(x) = P(P(x + 23)) ‡¡◊ËÕ x < 2,024
P(x) = x › 17
‡¡◊ËÕ x ≥ 2,024
x = 2,549; P(2,549) = 2,549 › 17
= 2,532
x = 2,006; P(2,006) = P(P(2,006 + 23))
= P(P(2,029))
= (P(2,029 › 17))
= (P(,2012))

42 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 31-57

42

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
P(2,549) + P(2,006) =
μÕ∫ 4,539

P(P(2,012 + 23))
P(P(2,035))
P(2,035 › 17)
P(2,018)
P(P(2,018 + 23))
P(P(2,041))
P(2,041 › 17)
P(2,024)
2,024 › 17
2,007
2,532 + 2,007 = 4,539

11. ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ¡’ AB = 21, BC = 20, D ·≈– E ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π CA ∑”„Àâ
CD = 8, DE = 12 ·≈– EA = 9 ¢π“¥¢Õß¡ÿ¡ DBE ‡ªìπ‡∑à“‰√
·π«§‘¥
‡π◊ËÕß®“°
C
8
AB2 + BC2 = (AC)2 ®–‰¥â ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¡ÿ¡©“°
D
¡’ B = 90 Ì
20
12
AD = AB
∴ ADB = ABD = 90 Ì › A2
E
x
CE = BC
B
∴ CEB = CBE = 90 Ì › C2
21

<

<

<

<

<

A

<

9

<

<

<

(90 Ì › A2 ) + (90 Ì › C2 ) + x = 180 Ì
<

<

<

x = ( A +2 C )
= 902 Ì

μÕ∫ 45 Ì
‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 31-57

43

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

43

<

12. „Àâ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡„¥ Ê μàÕ¥â“π AB ·≈– AC ÕÕ°‰ª∑“ß .B ·≈– .C ∂÷ß
.D ·≈– .E μ“¡≈”¥—∫ OB ·≈– OC ‡ªìπ‡ âπ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß¡ÿ¡ CBD ·≈–¡ÿ¡ BCE μ“¡≈”¥—∫
∂â“¡ÿ¡ BAE ¡’¢π“¥ 80 Ì®ßÀ“¢π“¥¢Õß BOC (∑’ˇªìπ¡ÿ¡·À≈¡)
·π«§‘¥
A
x+y
= 100 Ì
80 Ì
x + 2a = y + 2b = 180 Ì
x + y + 2(a + b) = 360 Ì
y C
B x
2(a + b)
= 260 Ì
b
a
a
b
a+b
= 130 Ì
D
E
∴m
= 50 Ì
m
O
μÕ∫ 50 Ì

)

)

13. ∂â“ a + b + c = 1
ab + bc + ca = 2
abc = 3
®ßÀ“§à“ a3 + b3 + c3
·π«§‘¥
a3 + b3 + c3 › 3abc = (a + b + c)(a2 + b2 + c2 ‹› ab › bc › ca)
= (1)((a2 + b2 + c2) › (ab + bc + ca))
a3 + b3 + c3 › 3(3)
a3 + b3 + c3 › 9
= a2 + b2 + c2 › 2
= a2 + b2 + c2 + 7 ..................... ➊
a3 + b3 + c3
®“° a + b + c = 1
a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2bc + 2ac = 1
= 1
a2 + b2 + c2 + 2(2)
2
2
2
a +b +c
= ›3 ·∑π„π ➊
3
3
3
a +b +c
= ›3 + 7 = 4
μÕ∫ 4

44 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 31-57

44

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

14. ∂â“ x ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß∫«° ·≈– x + 1 = 4 2 ·≈â« x3 › 13 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
x
x
·π«§‘¥
12
= (4 2)2
x
+
( x)
= 32
x2 + 2 + 12
x
= 30
x2 + 12
x
= 28
x2 › 2 + 12
x
2
= 28
(x › x1 )
x › x1

= ±2 7

x3 › 13
x

= (x › 1 )(x2 + 1 + 12 )
x
x
x3 › 13 = ± 2 7 (31)
x
= 62 7

μÕ∫ 62 7
15. √Ÿ ª  “¡‡À≈’Ë ¬ ¡√Ÿ ª Àπ÷Ë ß ≈â Õ ¡√Õ∫¥â « ¬«ß°≈¡ ¥â “ πÀπ÷Ë ß ¢Õß√Ÿ ª  “¡‡À≈’Ë ¬ ¡π—È π ¬“«
12 ‡´π쑇¡μ√ ·≈–¡ÿ¡μ√ߢⓡ¥â“ππ—Èπ«—¥‰¥â 30 Ì«ß°≈¡π—Èπ¡’‡ âπºà“π»Ÿπ¬å°≈“߬“«‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
„π ABC; Sin 30 Ì
= 6
x
D
6
x
= 1
A
30 Ì
60 Ì
2
x
= 12
B 6
C
‡ âπºà“π»Ÿπ¬å°≈“߬“« 24 ‡´π쑇¡μ√
μÕ∫ 24

(

)

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 31-57

45

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

45

16. ®“°√Ÿª∂â“√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¡ÿ¡©“°¡’ MB + MA = BC + AC
∂â“ BC = 8 Àπ૬ ·≈– AC = 10 Àπ૬ ®ßÀ“ MB
M

B
C

A

·π«§‘¥
MB + MA = BC + AC
∂â“ BC = 8 ·≈– AC = 10
®–‰¥â«à“ MB + MA
= BC + AC
= 8 + 10
= 18
¥—ßπ—Èπ MA = 18 › MB
„™â∑ƒ…Æ’∫∑æ‘∑“‚°√— 
= (MB + BC)2 + (AC)2
(MA)2
(18 › MB)2 = (MB + 8)2 + 102
324 › 36MB + MB2
= MB2 + 16MB + 164
®–‰¥â 52MB
= 160
MB
= 160
52
= 40
13
= 31
13
μÕ∫ 3 131

46 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 31-57

46

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

17. ‡ âπμ√ß L1 ºà“π®ÿ¥ (›2, 0) ·≈– (›1, 2) L2 ‡ªìπ‡ âπμ√ß∑’˺à“π®ÿ¥°”‡π‘¥·≈–μ—Èß©“°°—∫ L1
·≈â«æ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡∑’Ë≈âÕ¡√Õ∫¥â«¬·°π x ‡ âπμ√ß L1 ·≈–‡ âπμ√ß L2 ‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
‡ âπμ√ß L1 ºà“π®ÿ¥ (›2, 0), (›1, 2) ·≈– (x, y)
0›2
§◊Õ ¡°“√ y › 0 = ›2 + 1 = 2
x+2
y = 2(x + 2)
‡ âπμ√ß L2 ºà“π®ÿ¥ (0, 0) ·≈–¡’§«“¡™—π › 12  ¡°“√§◊Õ y = › 12 x

› 12 x = 2(x + 2)
x = ›4x › 8
5x = ›8

(›1, 2)

(›85 , 45) A

= ›85 ®–‰¥â y = 45
L1 μ—¥°—∫ L2 ∑’Ë = ( ›85 , 45 )
AOB ¡’∞“𬓫 2 Àπ૬  Ÿß 4 Àπ૬
5
®–μâÕßÀ“æ◊Èπ∑’Ë OAB = 12 Ó OB Ó §«“¡ Ÿß
x

L2

0

(›2, 0) B
L1

= 12 (2)( 45 ) μ“√“ßÀπ૬
= 0.8 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
μÕ∫ 0.8 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
18. ®ßÀ“æ®πå∑’Ë 100 ‡¡◊ËÕ°”Àπ¥æ®πå∑’Ë 90 ¢Õß≈”¥—∫ 1, 2, 4, 7, 11, ... ¡’§à“‡ªìπ 4,006
·π«§‘¥
1 2 4 7 11
1 2 3 4
1 1 1

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 31-57

47

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

47

®–‰¥âæ®πå∑’Ë n §◊Õ an2 + bn + c
an = an2 + bn + c
a1 = a + b + c = 1
a2 = 4a + 2b + c = 2
a3 = 9a + 3b + c = 4
π”¡“‡¢’¬π ¡°“√; a + b + c
4a + 2b + c
9a + 3b + c
➋ › ➊ 3a + b
➌ › ➋ 5a + b
➎ › ➍ 2a
a = 12

=
=
=
=
=
=

1 .......................... ➊
2 .......................... ➋
3 .......................... ➌
1 .......................... ➍
2 .......................... ➎
1

·∑π§à“„π ➍ 3( 12 ) + b = 1
b = 1 › 32 = ›12
·∑π§à“ a, b „π ➊
®–‰¥â 12 › 12
c =
∴ an =

+c = 1
1
1 n2 › 1 n + 1
2
2

∑¥ Õ∫ n = 90 ®–‰¥â a90

¥—ßπ—Èπ a100 ®–‰¥â a100

1 (90)2 › 1 (90) + 1
2
2
= 8,100 › 45 + 1 = 4,050 › 44
2
= 4,006
= 12 (100)2 › 12 (100) + 1
=

= 10,000
2 › 50 + 1
= 5,000 › 49
= 4,951
μÕ∫ 4,951
48 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 31-57

48

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

19. (1 + 3 )(1 + 3 )(1 + . 3. ). (1 + 3 ) ...(1 + 3 )(1 + 3 ) ¡’§à“‡ªìπ‡∑à“‰√
51
50
4
5
6
7
·π«§‘¥
7 ⋅ 8 ⋅ 9 ⋅10 ... 52 ⋅ 53⋅ 54
4 5 6 7 49 50 51
= 524 ÓÓ 535 ÓÓ 654
= 13 Ó 553 Ó 9
=

1,240.2

μÕ∫ 1,240.2
20. „Àâ O ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°”‡π‘¥≈“° à«π¢Õ߇ âπμ√ß OA ·≈– OB ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ®ÿ¥ A ·≈– B Õ¬Ÿà∫π‡ âπμ√ß 2x + y = 4
‚¥¬¡’ OA = OB ·≈–¡ÿ¡ AOB ‡ªìπ¡ÿ¡©“° ®ßÀ“æ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ OAB
·π«§‘¥
y
A

E
x

O
B

æ◊Èπ∑’Ë Δ OAB = 12 (OB)(OA)
À√◊Õæ◊Èπ∑’Ë Δ OAB = 12 (AB)(OE)
OE = 0 + 0 › 4 (√–¬– OE ®“°®ÿ¥ (0, 0) ‰ª¬—߇ âπμ√ß 2x + y › 4 = 0
5
<

<

Δ AOE ·≈– Δ BOE ‡∑à“°—π∑ÿ°ª√–°“√ ¡ÿ¡ OAE = OBE = 45 Ì ·≈– OE = AE = BE
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë Δ OAB = 1 8 4 = 16

2 ( 5 )( 5 )

5

μÕ∫ 165 À√◊Õ 3.2 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 31-57

49

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

49

μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ¡’ 10 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 4 §–·ππ
21. º≈∫«°¢Õߧ”μÕ∫∑—ÈßÀ¡¥¢Õß ¡°“√
(x2 › 3x › 4)3 + (2x2 + x › 1)3 = (3x2 › 2x › 5)3 ‡ªìπ‡∑à“‰√
·π«§‘¥
„Àâ a = x2 › 3x › 4, b = 2x2 + x › 1, c = 3x2 › 2x › 5 ®–‡ÀÁπ«à“ a + b = c
= c3
®“°‚®∑¬å a3 + b3
(a + b)3
= c3 = a3 + 3ab(a + b) + b3
·μà a + b = c ®–‰¥â 3abc = 0
a3 + b3
= a3 + 3abc + b3
a = 0 ®–‰¥â x3 › 3x › 4 = 0 ∴ x = 4, ›1
b = 0 ®–‰¥â 2x2 › x › 1 = 0 ∴ x = 12 , ›1
c = 0 ®–‰¥â 3x2 › 2x › 5 = 0 ∴ x = 53, ›1
§”μÕ∫¢Õß ¡°“√ ›1, 12 , 53 , 4
º≈∫«°¢Õߧ”μÕ∫§◊Õ ›1 + 12 + 53 + 4 = 5 16
μÕ∫ 5 16
22. °”Àπ¥æÀÿπ“¡ P(x) = x4 › 6x3 › 5x2 › 8x › 6 ∂â“æÀÿπ“¡ P(x) À“√¥â«¬ x › 7 ≈ßμ—«
·≈â« x ¡’§à“‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°°’Ë®”π«π
·π«§‘¥
x3 + x2 + 2x + 6
x › 7 )x4 › 6x3 › 5x2 › 8x › 6
x4 › 7x3
x3 › 5x2
x3 › 7x2
2x2 › 8x
2x2 › 14x
6x › 6
6x › 42
‡»…
36
50 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 31-57

50

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

x › 7 ®–μâÕßÀ“√ 36 ≈ßμ—«
36 = 22 Ó 32 ®”π«π‡μÁ¡À“√ 36 ≈ßμ—«¡’∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ 18 μ—«
§à“¢Õß x › 7 §◊Õ 1, ›1, 2, ›2, 3, ›3, 4, ›4, 6, ›6, 9, ›9, 12, ›12, 18, ›18, 36, ›36
§à“ x ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡≈∫‡¡◊ËÕ x › 7 = ›9, x › 7 = ›12
x › 7 = ›18 ·≈– x › 7 = ›36
§à“ x ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°¡’ 18 › 4 = 14
„™â‰¡à‰¥â 4 μ—« ®“°∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ 18 μ—«
®”π«π∑’Ë„™â‰¥â §◊Õ 14 μ—«
μÕ∫ 14 μ—«
23. „Àâ p, g ‡ªìπ√“°¢Õß ¡°“√ x2 + 5x + 1 = 0 ·≈– r, s ‡ªìπ√“°¢Õß ¡°“√
x2 + 3x + 1 = 0 ®ßÀ“§à“ (p › r) (g › r) (p + s) (g + s) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥ p, g ‡ªìπ√“°¢Õß ¡°“√ x2 + 5x + 1 = 0
®–‰¥â p + g = ›5, pg = 1
r, s ‡ªìπ√“°¢Õß ¡°“√ x2 + 3x + 1 = 0
®–‰¥â r + s = ›3, rs = 1
(p › r)(g › r)(p + s) (g + s)
= (p › r)(g + s)(g › r)(p + s)
= [pg + ps › rg › rs][pg + gs › rp › rs]
= [1 + ps › rg › 1][1 + gs › rp › 1]
= (ps › rg)(gs › rp)
= pgs2 › p2sr › rsg2 + r2pg
= s2 › p2 › g2 + r2
= (s2 + r2) › (p2 + g2)
= [(s + r)2 › 2sr] › [(p + g)2 › 2pg]
= [(›3)2 › 2] › [(›5)2 › 2]
= (7) › (23) = ›16
μÕ∫ ›16

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 31-57

51

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

51

24. ®ß·¬°μ—«ª√–°Õ∫¢Õß (x2 + 5x + 6)(x2 + 20x + 96) › 4x2
·π«§‘¥
(x + 3)(x + 2)(x + 12)(x + 8) › 4x2
= (x + 3)(x + 8)(x +2)(x + 12) › 4x2
= (x2 + 11x + 24)(x2 + 14x + 24) › 4x2
= (x2 + 24 + 11x)(x2 + 24 + 14x) › 4x2
= (x2 + 24)2 + 25x)(x2 + 24) + 154x2 › 4x2
= (x2 + 24)2 + 25x(x2 + 24) + 150x2
= (x2 + 24 + 15x)(x2 + 24 + 10x)
= (x2 + 15x + 24)(x2 + 10x + 24)
= (x2 + 15x + 24)(x + 4)(x + 6)
μÕ∫ (x2 + 15x+ 24)(x + 4 )(x + 6)
25. ¡’®”π«π‡μÁ¡ x, y ∑’Ëμà“ß°—π°’˧Ÿà ∑’ËÕ¬Ÿà√–À«à“ß 1 ·≈– 100 ∑’Ë 49 À“√ x2 + y2 ≈ßμ—«
∂â“ (x, y) °—∫ (y, x) ∂◊Õ«à“‡ªìπ§Ÿà‡¥’¬«°—π
·π«§‘¥
∂â“ x2 + y2 À“√≈ßμ—«¥â«¬ 49 ·≈â« x2 + y2 À“√≈ßμ—«¥â«¬ 7
·μà x2 À“√¥â«¬ 7 ®–‡À≈◊Õ‡»… 0, 1, 2 À√◊Õ 4 ‡∑à“π—Èπ
„π∑”πÕ߇¥’¬«°—π y2
´÷Ëß x2 + y2 À“√¥â«¬ 7 ≈ßμ—« ‡¡◊ËÕ ‡»…§◊Õ 0 + 0 = 0
º≈∑’Ëμ“¡¡“ x2 + y2 À“√¥â«¬ 7 ≈ßμ—« ‡¡◊ËÕ x2 ·≈– y2 À“√¥â«¬ 7 ≈ßμ—«
π—Ëπ§◊Õ ‡¡◊ËÕ x ·≈– y À“√¥â«¬ 7 ≈ßμ—« ·≈â« x2 + y2 À“√¥â«¬ 49 ≈ßμ—«
¥—ßπ—Èπ  ‘Ëß∑’ËμâÕß°“√À“ §◊Õ ®”π«π§Ÿà≈”¥—∫∑’Ë·μ°μà“ß°—π ·≈–‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°∑’Ë x ·≈– y
πâÕ¬°«à“ 100
100 = 7 Ó 14 + 2 ¡’æÀÿ§Ÿ≥¢Õß 7 √–À«à“ß 1 ∂÷ß 100 Õ¬Ÿà 14 ®”π«π
142 › 14 + 14 = 142 › 14 + 2(14)
®”π«π§ŸàŸÕ—π¥—∫¡’
2
2
2
= 14 + 14 = 14(142 + 1)
2
=
7(15)
=
105
μÕ∫ 105
52 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 31-57

52

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

26.

A

E

B
N

R
M
H

S
F

U

P
T
Q

D
G

C

ABCD ‡ªìπ√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡¥â“π¢π“π ®ÿ¥ E, F, G ·≈– H ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ߥâ“π AB, BC, CD ·≈– DA
μ“¡≈”¥—∫ ≈“° AG, CE, DF ·≈– BH μ—¥°—π‡°‘¥√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡¥â“π¢π“π MNPQ
´÷Ëß¡’®ÿ¥ R, S, T ·≈– U ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ߥâ“π MN, NP, PQ ·≈– QM μ“¡≈”¥—∫
∂â“ à«π∑’Ë·√‡ß“¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë 15 μ“√“ßÀπ૬ ®ßÀ“æ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ ABCD
·π«§‘¥
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª MNPQ ‡ªìπ 5 ‡∑à“¢Õß√Ÿª·√‡ß“ = 5 Ó 15 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª ABCD ‡ªìπ 5 ‡∑à“¢Õßæ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª MNPQ = 5 Ó 5 Ó 15 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
μÕ∫ 375 μ“√“ßÀπ૬

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 31-57

53

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

53

27. ®“°√Ÿª PA ·≈– QC  —¡º— «ß°≈¡ O ∑’Ë®ÿ¥ A ·≈– C μ“¡≈”¥—∫
A

B

Q

P

O

C

∂â“ QC = 34 PA ®ßÀ“§à“ QA Ó QB
PC Ó PB

∇∴

BCQ ∼ CAQ
BQ = CQ
®–‰¥â
QA
QC

·π«§‘¥

∴ BQ Ó AQ = (QC)2 ....................................... ➊
ABP ∼ CAP
AP = BP
®–‰¥â
AP
CP
∇∴

➊ ∴ QA Ó QB

PC Ó PB

∴ CP Ó BP

= AP2 ................................ ➋
2
= ( QC ) = 9
16
AP

μÕ∫ 169

54 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 31-57

54

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

28. „Àâ L ‡ªìπ‡ âπμ√ß∑’Ë¡’§«“¡™—π‡ªìπ › 43 ºà“π®ÿ¥»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ߢÕß«ß°≈¡ x2 + y2 › 4x + 2y › 4 = 0
·≈–μ— ¥ «ß°≈¡∑’Ë ®ÿ ¥ A ·≈– B ∂â “ ®ÿ ¥ C ¡’ æ‘ °— ¥ ‡ªì π (›1, ›2) ·≈â « ®ßÀ“æ◊È π ∑’Ë
√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC
·π«§‘¥
®“°«ß°≈¡ x2 + y2 › 4x + 2y › 4 = 0
(x2 › 4x + 4) + y2 + 2y + 1 = 4 + 4 + 1
(x › 2)2 + (y + 1)2 = 9
A
«ß°≈¡¡’®ÿ¥»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß∑’Ë (2, ›1) √—»¡’ 3
(2, ›1)
‡ âπμ√ß L ¡’§«“¡™—π ›43 ·≈–ºà“π®ÿ¥ (2, ›1)
D
›4
§◊Õ y + 1
= 3 (x › 2)
3y + 3
= ›4x + 8
B
v
4x + 3y › 5 = 0
C
À“ CD ®“°®ÿ¥ (›1, ›2)
(›1, ›2)
‰ª¬—߇ âπμ√ß 4x + 3y › 5 = 0
CD = 4(›1) +2 3(›2)2 › 5 = 155 = 3
4 +3
¥—ßπ—Èπ æ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ = 12 Ó 3 Ó 6 = 9 (AB ‡ªìπ‡ âπºà“π»Ÿπ¬å°≈“߬“« 6 Àπ૬)
μÕ∫ 9

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 31-57

55

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

55

29. „ÀâÀ“®”π«π„π·∂«∑’Ë 89 π—∫®“°´â“¬¡◊Õμ—«∑’Ë 3
·∂«∑’Ë 1
1
·∂«∑’Ë 2
2 3 4
·∂«∑’Ë 3
5 6 7 8 9
·∂«∑’Ë 4
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
μ—«Õ¬à“ß ‡™àπ ·∂«∑’Ë 4 ®“°´â“¬¡◊Õμ—«∑’Ë 3 §◊Õ 12
·∂«∑’Ë 3 ®“°´â“¬¡◊Õμ—«∑’Ë 3 §◊Õ 7
·π«§‘¥∑’Ë 1
·∂«∑’Ë 1 ®”π«π¢«“ ÿ¥§◊Õ 12 = 1
·∂«∑’Ë 2 ®”π«π¢«“ ÿ¥§◊Õ 22 = 4
·∂«∑’Ë 3 ®”π«π¢«“ ÿ¥§◊Õ 32 = 9
.
.
.
·∂«∑’Ë 88 ®”π«π∑’Ë¢«“ ÿ¥§◊Õ 882 = 7,744
·∂«∑’Ë 89 ®”π«π∑’Ë “¡®“°´â“¬¡◊Õ§◊Õ 7,744 + 3 = 7,747
·π«§‘¥∑’Ë 2
1, 2, 5, 10, 17, ...
1 3 5 7
2 2 2
√Ÿª∑—Ë«‰ª an = an2 + bn + c
a1 = a + b + c = 1............................... ➊
a2 = 4a + 2b + c = 2............................... ➋
a3 = 9a + 3b + c = 5............................... ➌
➌ › ➋, 5a + b
= 3............................... ❹
➋ › ➊, 3a + b
= 1............................... ➎
2a + (1)
= 2
a
= 2
·∑π§à“ a = 1 „π ➎
®–‰¥â
b = ›2
·∑π§à“ a = 1, b = ›2 „π ➊
®–‰¥â
c = 2
= n2 › 2n + 2
∴ an
56 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 31-57

56

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

= (n › 1)2 + 1
∴ a89
= (89 › 1)2 + 1
= 882 + 1 = 7,744 + 7,745
∴®”π«π∑’ËÕ¬Ÿà·∂«∑’Ë 89 π—∫®“°´â“¬¡◊Õμ—«∑’Ë 3 §◊Õ 7,745 + 2 = 7,747
μÕ∫ 7,747
30. √Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC ‡ âπ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß¡ÿ¡ A æ∫ BC ∑’Ë®ÿ¥ D ®“°®ÿ¥ B ≈“°‡ âπμ—Èß©“°°—∫
AD ∑’Ë®ÿ¥ E ≈“° HG ºà“π®ÿ¥ E ·≈–¢π“π°—∫ AC æ∫ BC ∑’Ë®ÿ¥ G ·≈– AB ∑’Ë®ÿ¥ H
∂â“ AB = 26, BC = 28, AC = 30 ®ßÀ“ DG
·π«§‘¥
1) î = ^2 (¡ÿ¡·¬âß)
2) î = ^5 (‚®∑¬å)
A
3) ^2 = ^5
5 1
4) „π Δ AHE, AH = HE
5) √Ÿª Δ AEB ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¡ÿ¡©“°
H
^
4 ‡ªìπ¡ÿ¡ª√–°Õ∫¡ÿ¡©“°¢Õß ^5
2
3 E
^
^
3 ‡ªìπ¡ÿ¡ª√–°Õ∫¡ÿ¡©“°¢Õß 2
C
4
G
^ ^
^ ^
D
·μà 2 = 5 ¥—ßπ—Èπ 3 = 4
B
Δ HEB ‡ªìπ Δ Àπâ“®—Ë« ¡’ BH = HE
¥—ßπ—Èπ AH = HE = HB
„π Δ ABC ‡π◊ËÕß®“° HG // AC ·≈– H ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ߢÕß AB
G ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ß BC ®–‰¥â BG = 14
„π Δ ABC, AD ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß¡ÿ¡ A
BD
¥—ßπ—Èπ AB = BC ........................................... ➊
AC
„Àâ

BD = x ·≈â« DC = 28 › x ·∑π§à“„π ➊

®–‰¥â 26 = x
28 › x
30
π—Ëπ§◊Õ x = 13 = BD
®–‰¥â DG = 1
μÕ∫ 1 Àπ૬
‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 31-57

57

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

57

μ—«Õ¬à“ß
·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫·≈–·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫
§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
„π°“√·¢àߢ—π∑“ß«‘™“°“√ ªï æ.». 2550
‚¥¬  ”π—°ß“π§≥–°√√¡°“√°“√»÷°…“¢—Èπæ◊Èπ∞“π

A 59-88

59

12/9/08, 10:28 AM

μ—«Õ¬à“ß
·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“
ªï æ.». 2550
§”™’È·®ß
1. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫
2. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’È¡’®”π«π 30 ¢âÕ ·∫à߇ªìπ 2 μÕπ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ®”π«π 20 ¢âÕ Ê ≈– 3 §–·ππ √«¡ 60 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ®”π«π 10 ¢âÕ Ê ≈– 4 §–·ππ √«¡ 40 §–·ππ
3. ‡«≈“∑’Ë„™â„π°“√ Õ∫ „™â‡«≈“ 1 ™—Ë«‚¡ß 30 π“∑’

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 59-88

61

12/9/08, 10:28 AM

61

μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“ ªï æ.». 2550

§”™’È·®ß ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ ¡’ 2 μÕπ ¥—ßπ’È
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ®”π«π 20 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 3 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ®”π«π 10 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 4 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1
1. º≈∫«°∑—ÈßÀ¡¥¢Õß®”π«ππ—∫∑’ËÀ“√ 2550 ≈ßμ—« ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
2. ∂â“ 1 + 1 6 = 48
39 ·≈â« x ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
1+ x
1+ 5
3. 1 + 2 (1 + 1 ) + 3(1 + 1 ) +4( 1 +
2
3

1) + ... + 100 (1 + 1 ) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
4
100

4. ®ß‡√’¬ß®”π«πμàÕ‰ªπ’È®“°πâÕ¬‰ª¡“° 2514, 4258, 8171, 16128 ·≈– 32103
5. ¢“¬ ‘π§â“ 2 ™‘Èπ‰ª√“§“™‘Èπ≈– 9,999 ∫“∑ ´÷Ëß™‘Èπ·√°‰¥â°”‰√ 10%  à«π™‘Èπ∑’Ë Õߢ“¥∑ÿπ 10%
∂â“¢“¬‰ª∑—Èß Õß™‘Èπ ·≈⫉¥â°”‰√À√◊Õ¢“¥∑ÿπ°’Ë∫“∑
3
3
6. ∂â“ x = 5 +2 1 ·≈– y = 5 ›2 1 ·≈â« x6 › y6 › 3x2y2(x2 › y2) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

7. Àπ—ß ◊Õ‡≈à¡Àπ÷Ëß¡’®”π«πÀπⓉ¡à‡°‘π 100 Àπâ“ ∂â“©’°Àπ—ß ◊ÕÕÕ° 1 ·ºàπ ·≈â«π”‡≈¢Àπâ“
¢ÕßÀπ—ß ◊Õ∫«°°—π®–‰¥â 2,195 ®ßÀ“«à“Àπ—ß ◊Õ‡≈à¡π’È¡’∑—ÈßÀ¡¥°’ËÀπâ“

62 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 59-88

62

12/9/08, 10:28 AM

8. ®“°√Ÿª Δ ABC ¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë 18 μ“√“ßÀπ૬ ‚¥¬∑’Ë AB = BC, BE ⊥ AC ·≈– AD ⊥ BC
∂â“ AC = 4 Àπ૬ ·≈â« AD ¬“«‡∑à“°—∫°’ËÀπ૬
A
E
C

B
D

9. ∂â“√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡√ŸªÀπ÷Ëß¡’®ÿ¥¬Õ¥ “¡®ÿ¥§◊Õ ®ÿ¥ (›5, 0), ®ÿ¥ (0, 0) ·≈–®ÿ¥¬Õ¥¢Õß°√“ø
y = x2 + 5x + 7 ·≈â«√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡√Ÿªπ’È¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë°’Ëμ“√“ßÀπ૬
10. π”√ŸªÀⓇÀ≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“¡ÿ¡‡∑à“¡“μàÕ°—π¥—ß√Ÿª ‚¥¬„Àâ·μà≈–√Ÿª∑’Ë¡“μàÕ°—π¡’¥â“π√à«¡°—π
‡æ’¬ßÀπ÷Ëߥâ“π ∂â“„Àâ n ·∑π®”π«π√Ÿª∑’Ëπ”¡“μàÕ°—π ·≈– f(n) ·∑π®”π«π¥â“π¢Õß√Ÿª n
·≈â« f(2007) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

11. ®“°√Ÿª ABCDEF ‡ªìπ√ŸªÀ°‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“¡ÿ¡‡∑à“ ∂â“Õ—μ√“ à«π√–À«à“ßæ◊Èπ∑’Ë à«π∑’Ë
·√‡ß“°—∫æ◊Èπ∑’Ë√ŸªÀ°‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABCDEF ‡∑à“°—∫ a : b ·≈– À.√.¡. ¢Õß a °—∫ b ‡∑à“°—∫ 1
·≈â« a2 + b2 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
B
A
F

C
E

D

12. 2404 › 2400 + 45 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
2400 + 3
13.  ÿà¡À¬‘∫ ≈“°∑’Ë¡’‡≈¢‚¥¥ 1 ∂÷ß 1000 ‡¢’¬π°”°—∫‰«â „∫≈– 1 ®”π«π ¡“ 1 „∫ ∂ⓧ«“¡πà“®–‡ªìπ
∑’ˉ¥â ≈“°∑’Ë®”π«ππ—Èπ¬°°”≈—ß Õß·≈â«À“√¥â«¬ 2 ≈ßμ—« ‡∑à“°—∫ a ‚¥¬∑’Ë b ≠ 0 ·≈–
b
À.√.¡. ¢Õß a °—∫ b ‡∑à“°—∫ 1 ·≈â« a + b ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 59-88

63

12/9/08, 10:28 AM

63

14. ·¥ß´âÕ¡¬‘ߪóπ ‚¥¬«“ß°√–∫Õ°ªóπ∑”¡ÿ¡ 30 Ì °—∫·π«æ◊Èπ√“∫ ·≈–¡’‡ªÑ“∑’ËμâÕß°“√¬‘ß
Õ¬Ÿà Ÿß®“°æ◊Èπ√“∫ 12 ‡¡μ√ ∂â“®—∫‡«≈“‡¡◊ËÕ‡√‘Ë¡¬‘ß®π≈Ÿ°°√– ÿπ°√–∑∫‡ªÑ“ ®–„™â‡«≈“
3 «‘π“∑’ ·≈â«≈Ÿ°°√– ÿπ¡’§«“¡‡√Á«°’ˇ¡μ√μàÕ«‘π“∑’
15. √Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡®—μÿ√— ¡’‡ âπ∑·¬ß¡ÿ¡¬“« 14 ‡´π쑇¡μ√ ∫√√®ÿ„π«ß°≈¡ ‚¥¬¡’®ÿ¥¬Õ¥
∑—Èß ’ËÕ¬Ÿà∫π‡ âπ√Õ∫«ß ·≈â«æ◊Èπ∑’Ë«ß°≈¡∑’ËÕ¬ŸàπÕ°√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡®—μÿ√— ‡ªìπ°’ˇ∑à“¢Õßæ◊Èπ∑’Ë
√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡®—μÿ√—  (°”Àπ¥ π = 227)
16. π”≈«¥‡ âπÀπ÷ßË ¡“¢¥‡ªìπ«ß°≈¡‰¥âæπÈ◊ ∑’¿Ë “¬„π«ß°≈¡‡∑à“°—∫ 1,386 μ“√“߇´π쑇¡μ√ ·μàπ”¡“¢¥
‡ªìπ√Ÿª ’‡Ë À≈’¬Ë ¡¡ÿ¡©“°‚¥¬„À⧫“¡¬“«¥â“π·μà≈–¥â“π‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∑’¡Ë “°°«à“ 30 ‡´π쑇¡μ√
·≈â«√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡¡ÿ¡©“°π’È¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥°’Ëμ“√“߇´π쑇¡μ√ (°”Àπ¥ π = 227)
17. ®ßÀ“«à“®ÿ¥μ—¥¢Õß°√“ø¢Õß ¡°“√ x › 3y = 1 ·≈– 2x2 › 3xy › 20 = 0 ¡’√–¬–
Àà“ß°—π°’ËÀπ૬
18. ®“°√Ÿª °”Àπ¥ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¡ÿ¡©“°∑’Ë¡’¡ÿ¡ BCA ‡ªìπ¡ÿ¡©“° BN ·≈– CM
‡ªìπ‡ âπ¡—∏¬∞“π ∂â“ BN ⊥ CM ·≈– BC ¬“« 6 Àπ૬ ·≈â« BN ¬“«°’ËÀπ૬
C
N
O
M

B

A

19. A ¢—∫√∂¬πμå¥â«¬§«“¡‡√Á« 80 °‘‚≈‡¡μ√μàÕ™—Ë«‚¡ß À≈—ß®“°ÕÕ°‡¥‘π∑“߉¥â 45 π“∑’
B ¢—∫√∂¬πμåÕÕ°®“°μ”·Àπà߇¥’¬«°—∫ A ¥â«¬§«“¡‡√Á« 120 °‘‚≈‡¡μ√μàÕ™—Ë«‚¡ß
‡ªìπ‡«≈“ 20 π“∑’ ®“°π—ÈπÀ¬ÿ¥æ—° 10 π“∑’ ·≈⫇¥‘π∑“ßμàե⫬§«“¡‡√Á« 90 °‘‚≈‡¡μ√μàÕ™—Ë«‚¡ß
®ßÀ“«à“ B ®–‡¥‘π∑“ß∑—π A ‡¡◊ËÕ A ‡¥‘π∑“߉¥â°’Ë™—Ë«‚¡ß °’Ëπ“∑’
20. ‡»… à«π®”π«πÀπ÷Ëß ‡¡◊ËÕπ” 2 ¡“∫«°‡≈¢‚¥¥¢Õßμ—«‡»…·≈–μ—« à«π ®–∑”„À⇻… à«ππ—Èπ‡ªìπ 107
·≈–‡¡◊ËÕπ” 4 ¡“≈∫‡≈¢‚¥¥¢Õßμ—«‡»…·≈–μ—« à«π ®–∑”„À⇻… à«ππ—Èπ‡ªìπ 58 ®ßÀ“«à“
‡»… à«π®”π«ππ—Èπ‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
64 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 59-88

64

12/9/08, 10:28 AM

μÕπ∑’Ë 2
21. ®ßÀ“§«“¡¬“«¥â“π¢Õß√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’¬Ë ¡¥â“π‡∑à“∑’¡Ë ¢’ 𓥄À≠à∑ Ë’ ¥ÿ ∑’∫Ë √√®ÿÕ¬Ÿ„à π√Ÿª ’‡Ë À≈’¬Ë ¡
®—μÿ√— ∑’Ë¡’§«“¡¬“«¥â“π 1 Àπ૬
22. ∂â“™“¬§πÀπ÷Ë߬◊πÕ¬Ÿà∫πæ◊Èπ√“∫∑’Ë®ÿ¥ A ®–¡Õ߇ÀÁπ¬Õ¥‡ “∏ߥ⫬¡ÿ¡‡ß¬ 15 Ì ·≈–∂Ⓡ¢“
‡¥‘π‡¢â“À“‡ “∏ß 50 ‡¡μ√ ‡¢“®–¡Õ߇ÀÁπ¬Õ¥‡ “∏ߥ⫬¡ÿ¡‡ß¬ 45 Ì ®ßÀ“§«“¡ Ÿß¢Õ߇ “∏ßπ’È
μÕ∫„π√Ÿª∑»π‘¬¡ 2 μ”·Àπàß (°”Àπ¥ 3 = 1.732)
23. ∂â“ d ‡ªìπ À.√.¡. ¢Õß n › 1 °—∫ n2 + n + 1 ‡¡◊ËÕ n ‡ªìπ®”π«ππ—∫ ·≈⫺≈∫«°¢Õß d
∑’ˇªìπ‰ª‰¥â∑—ÈßÀ¡¥¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
› 8 + A + B ·≈â« A › B ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
24. ∂â“ 19x
2
2x › x ›21 2x › 7 x + 3
25. ∂â“ ABCD ‡ªìπ√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡®—μÿ√— ¬“«¥â“π≈– 28 Àπ૬ ‚¥¬¡’ M ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π AD ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ
AM = 3MD, ¡’ I ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π CD ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ¡ÿ¡ IBM ‡∑à“°—∫¡ÿ¡ ABM ·≈–¡’ N ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π
CD ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ BN ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß¡ÿ¡ IBC ·≈â«æ◊Èπ∑’Ë¢Õß√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ BMN ‡∑à“°—∫°’Ëμ“√“ßÀπ૬
26. ∂â“

60a

= 3 ·≈–

60b

= 5 ·≈â«

1›a›b
122(1 › b) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

27. °”Àπ¥ ABCD ‡ªìπ√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡®—μÿ√— ¬“«¥â“π≈– 900 Àπ૬ ‚¥¬∑’Ë O ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥μ—¥¢Õß
‡ âπ∑·¬ß¡ÿ¡ ·≈–¡’ E, F ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π¥â“π AD ‚¥¬∑’Ë®ÿ¥ E Õ¬Ÿà√–À«à“ß A °—∫ F
∂â“ DF = 400 Àπ૬ ·≈–¡ÿ¡ EOF = 45 Ì ·≈â« AE ¬“«°’ËÀπ૬
28. ABCDEFGH ‡ªìπ√Ÿª·ª¥‡À≈’ˬ¡¡ÿ¡‡∑à“∑’Ë¡’¥â“𬓫 2, 2 2, 4, 4 2, 6, 7, 7
·≈– 8 Àπ૬ ®–¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë°’Ëμ“√“ßÀπ૬

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 59-88

65

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

65

29. °”Àπ¥ x, y ·≈– z ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß∫«° ´÷Ëß Õ¥§≈âÕß°—∫√–∫∫ ¡°“√
x2(y + z)2 = (3x2 + x + 1)y2z2
y2(z + x)2 = (4y2 + y + 1)z2x2
z2(x + y)2 = (5z2 + z + 1)x2y2
·≈â« x1 + y1 + 1z ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
30. °”Àπ¥√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC ¡’®ÿ¥¬Õ¥ A(1, 6), B(›2, 3) ·≈– C(3, ›4) ∂Ⓡ≈◊ËÕπ®ÿ¥ A
¢π“π‰ª∑“ߢ«“ 3 Àπ૬ ¢÷Èπ‰ª¢â“ß∫π 2 Àπ૬  –∑âÕπ®ÿ¥ B ¢â“¡·°π Y ·≈–À¡ÿπ
®ÿ¥ C √Õ∫®ÿ¥°”‡π‘¥∑«π‡¢Á¡π“Ãî°“‡ªìπ¡ÿ¡ 180 Ì ·≈â«√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡∑’ˇ°‘¥®“°°“√‡≈◊ËÕπ
¥—ß°≈à“«®–¡’æ◊Èπ∑’ˇªìπ°’ˇ∑à“¢Õß√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC

66 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 59-88

66

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

μ—«Õ¬à“ß
·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“
ªï æ.». 2550
§”™’È·®ß
1. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫
2. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’È¡’®”π«π 30 ¢âÕ ·∫à߇ªìπ 2 μÕπ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ®”π«π 20 ¢âÕ Ê ≈– 3 §–·ππ √«¡ 60 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ®”π«π 10 ¢âÕ Ê ≈– 4 §–·ππ √«¡ 40 §–·ππ
3. ‡«≈“∑’Ë„™â„π°“√ Õ∫ „™â‡«≈“ 1 ™—Ë«‚¡ß 30 π“∑’

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 59-88

67

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

67

μ—«Õ¬à“ß·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“ ªï æ.». 2550

§”™’È·®ß ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ ¡’ 2 μÕπ ¥—ßπ’È
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ®”π«π 20 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 3 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ®”π«π 10 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 4 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1
1. º≈∫«°∑—ÈßÀ¡¥¢Õß®”π«ππ—∫∑’ËÀ“√ 2,550 ≈ßμ—« ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
2,550 =
25(102)
= 52 Ó 2 Ó 51
= 52 Ó 2 Ó 3 Ó 17
= 2 Ó 3 Ó 52 Ó 17
º≈∫«° (1 + 2)(1 + 3)(1 + 5 + 52)(1 + 17)
= (3)(4)(31)(18)
= 6,696
μÕ∫ 6,696

68 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 59-88

68

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

1 = 48 ·≈â« x ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
1 + 6 x 39
1+ 5
·π«§‘¥
48
= 1 + 399
39

2. ∂â“ 1 +

= 1 + 391
9
1
= 1+
1 + 309
1
=
1 + 69
5
=

x

1
1 +6 4
1+ 5

= 4

μÕ∫ 4
3. 1 + 2 (1 + 1 ) + 3 (1 + 13 ) + 4 (1 + 14 ) + ... + 100 (1 + 1 ) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
100
2
«‘∏’∑”
1)
1 + 2 (1 + 12 ) + 3 (1 + 13 ) + 4 (1 + 14 ) + ... + 100 (1 + 100
= 1 + 2( 32 ) + 3( 4 ) + 4( 5 )+ ... + 100( 101 )
100
3
4
= 1 + 3 + 4 + 5 + ... + 101
= 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + ... + 101 › 2
= ( 101
2 )(101 + 1) › 2
= 5,149
μÕ∫ 5,149

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 59-88

69

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

69

4. ®ß‡√’¬ß®”π«πμàÕ‰ªπ’È®“°πâÕ¬‰ª¡“° 2514, 4258, 8171, 16128 ·≈– 32103
·π«§‘¥
∑”∞“π„Àâ‡∑à“°—𠇪ìπ 2
2514
= 2514
4258
= (22)258 = 2516
8171
= (23)171 = 2513
16128 = (24)128 = 2512
32103 = (25)103 = 2515
‡¡◊ÕË æ‘®“√≥“‡≈¢¬°°”≈—ß∑’¡Ë ∞’ “π‡¥’¬«°—π ∂Ⓡ≈¢™’°È ”≈—ß„¥¡“°°«à“ ®”π«ππ—πÈ °Á¡“°°«à“¥â«¬
¥—ßπ—Èπ 2512 = 16128, 2513 = 8171, 2514, 2515 = 32103, 2516 = 4258
®”π«π∑’Ë„Àâ¡“‡√’¬ß®“°πâÕ¬‰ªÀ“¡“°§◊Õ 16128, 8171, 2514, 32103, 4258
μÕ∫ 16128, 8171, 2514, 32103, 4258
5. ¢“¬ ‘π§â“ 2 ™‘Èπ‰ª√“§“™‘Èπ≈– 9,999 ∫“∑ ´÷Ëß™‘Èπ·√°‰¥â°”‰√ 10%  à«π™‘Èπ∑’Ë Õߢ“¥∑ÿπ 10%
∂â“¢“¬‰ª∑—Èß Õß™‘Èπ ·≈⫉¥â°”‰√À√◊Õ¢“¥∑ÿπ°’Ë∫“∑
·π«§‘¥
¢“¬™‘Èπ·√°‰¥â°”‰√ 10%
¢“¬ 110 ∫“∑ ®“°∑ÿπ
100 ∫“∑
100
Ó 9,999 = 9,090 ∫“∑
¢“¬ 9,999 ∫“∑ ®“°∑ÿπ
110
™‘Èπ·√°‰¥â°”‰√ 909 ∫“∑
™‘Èπ∑’Ë 2 ¢“¥∑ÿπ 10%
¢“¬ 90 ∫“∑ ®“°∑ÿπ
100 ∫“∑
100 Ó 9,999
¢“¬ 9,999 ∫“∑ ®“°∑ÿπ
= 11,110 ∫“∑
90
™‘Èπ∑’Ë 2 ¢“¥∑ÿπ 11,110 › 9,999 = 1,111 ∫“∑
¢“¬ 2 ™‘Èπ ¢“¥∑ÿπ 1,111 › 909 = 202 ∫“∑
μÕ∫ ¢“¥∑ÿπ 202 ∫“∑

70 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 59-88

70

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

3
3
6. ∂â“ x = 5 +2 1 ·≈– y = 5 ›2 1 ·≈â« x6 › y6 › 3x2y2(x2 › y2) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
x6 › y6 › 3x2y2(x2 › y2) = (x2)3 › (y2)3 › 3(x2)2y2 + 3x2(y2)2
= (x2 › y2)3
= [(x › y)(x + y)]3

]

3
3
= [( 2 › 5 ›2 1 )( 5 +2 1 + 5 ›2 1 )
= (1 Ó 3 5 )3
= 5
35+1 3

3

μÕ∫ 5
7. Àπ—ß ◊Õ‡≈à¡Àπ÷Ëß¡’®”π«πÀπⓉ¡à‡°‘π 100 Àπâ“ ∂â“©’°Àπ—ß ◊ÕÕÕ° 1 ·ºàπ ·≈â«π”‡≈¢Àπâ“
¢ÕßÀπ—ß ◊Õ∫«°°—π®–‰¥â 2,195 ®ßÀ“«à“Àπ—ß ◊Õ‡≈à¡π’È¡’∑—ÈßÀ¡¥°’ËÀπâ“
·π«§‘¥
∑¥≈Õß∫«°μ—«‡≈¢Àπâ“®“° 1 ∂÷ß ®”π«ππ—∫Õ◊Ëπ Ê
„À≥âº≈≈—æ∏å„°≈⇧’¬ß°—∫ 2,195
‡™àπ 1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 60 = 602 (60 + 1)
= 30(61) = 1,830
À√◊Õ 1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 66 = 66 (67) = 2,211
2
∴ ®–‰¥â«à“ 2,211 ‹› 2,195 = 16
´÷Ë߉¡à “¡“√∂À“®”π«π∑’Ë¡’Õ¬Ÿàμ‘¥°—π√«¡°—π‰¥â 16
®÷ß∑¥≈Õß 1 + 2 + 3 +...+ 66 + 67 = 2,278
®–‰¥â 2,278 › 2,195 = 83
= 41 + 42
¥—ßπ—Èπ Àπ—ß ◊Õ‡≈à¡π’È¡’∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ 67 Àπâ“
μÕ∫ 67 Àπâ“

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 59-88

71

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

71

8. ®“°√Ÿª Δ ABC ¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë 18 μ“√“ßÀπ૬ ‚¥¬∑’Ë AB = BC, BE ⊥ AC ·≈– AD ⊥ BC
∂â“ AC = 4 Àπ૬ ·≈â« AD ¬“«‡∑à“°—∫°’ËÀπ૬
A
E
C

B
D

·π«§‘¥
‡π◊ËÕß®“° Δ ABC ¡’ AB = BC ¥—ßπ—Èπ Δ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡Àπâ“®—Ë«
^
^ = BAC
®–‰¥â BCA
·≈– AE = EC = 2 Àπ૬ ( ¡∫—μ‘¢Õß Δ Àπâ“®—Ë«)
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë Δ ABC
= 12 Ó AC Ó BE
18
= 12 Ó 4 Ó BE
BE
= 9
Δ BCE; BC2
= 92 + 22
BC
= 85
^ = ACD,
^ BEC
^ = ADC,
^ CAD
^
^ = CBE)
‡π◊ËÕß®“° Δ ADC ∼ Δ BEC (BCE
®–‰¥â AD
= 4
9
85
AD
= 36
85
AD
= 368585
π—Ëπ§◊Õ AD ¬“« 368585 Àπ૬
μÕ∫ 368585 Àπ૬

72 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 59-88

72

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

9. ∂â“√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡√ŸªÀπ÷Ëß¡’®ÿ¥¬Õ¥ “¡®ÿ¥§◊Õ®ÿ¥ (›5, 0), ®ÿ¥ (0, 0) ·≈–®ÿ¥¬Õ¥¢Õß°√“ø
y = x2 + 5x + 7 ·≈â«√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡√Ÿªπ’È¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë°’Ëμ“√“ßÀπ૬
·π«§‘¥
y
= x2 + 5x + 7
= x2 + 5x + ( 52 )2 + 7 › ( 52)2
= (x + 52 )2 + 7 › 254
= (x + 52 )2 + 34
®ÿ¥¬Õ¥ Δ §◊Õ (› 52 , 34 ), (›5, 0), (0, 0)
æ∑. Δ = 12 Ó (5) Ó ( 34 ) μ“√“ßÀπ૬
μÕ∫ 15 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
8
10. π”√ŸªÀⓇÀ≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“¡ÿ¡‡∑à“¡“μàÕ°—π¥—ß√Ÿª ‚¥¬„Àâ·μà≈–√Ÿª∑’Ë¡“μàÕ°—π¡’¥â“π√à«¡°—π
‡æ’¬ßÀπ÷Ëߥâ“π ∂â“„Àâ n ·∑π®”π«π√Ÿª∑’Ëπ”¡“μàÕ°—π ·≈– f(n) ·∑π®”π«π¥â“π¢Õß√Ÿª n √Ÿª
·≈â« f(2,007) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

·π«§‘¥
®”π«π√Ÿª n

1

2

3

4

...

n

®”π«π¥â“π ƒ(n)

5

9

13

17

...

4n + 1

ƒ(n) = 4n + 1
ƒ(2,007) = (4 Ó 2,007) + 1 = 8,029
μÕ∫ 8,029

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

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12/9/08, 10:29 AM

73

11. ®“°√Ÿª ABCDEF ‡ªìπ√ŸªÀ°‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“¡ÿ¡‡∑à“ ∂â“Õ—μ√“ à«π√–À«à“ßæ◊Èπ∑’Ë à«π∑’Ë·√‡ß“
°—∫æ◊Èπ∑’Ë√ŸªÀ°‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABCDEF ‡∑à“°—∫ a : b ·≈– À.√.¡. ¢Õß a °—∫ b ‡∑à“°—∫ 1
·≈â« a2 + b2 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
B
A
F

C
D

E
·π«§‘¥

A

B

3 4
2
18 1 5 6
F 16 15 7 8
17 12 11 9
13 10
14

C

D

E

2

æ◊Èπ∑’Ë·√‡ß“ = 12 = 2
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë√ŸªÀ°‡À≈’ˬ¡ 18 3
®–‰¥â a = 2, b = 3
μÕ∫ ¥—ßπ—Èπ 23 + 32 = 4 + 9 = 13
12. 2404 › 2400 + 45 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
2400 + 3
·π«§‘¥
24 ‹› 1
+ 45
2400 + 3)2404 › 2400
+ 3.24
2404
›2400 › 3.24 + 45
›2400
›3
› 48 + 48
24 › 1 = 15
μÕ∫ 15
74 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 59-88

74

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

13.  ÿà¡À¬‘∫ ≈“°∑’Ë¡’‡≈¢‚¥¥ 1 ∂÷ß 1000 ‡¢’¬π°”°—∫‰«â „∫≈– 1 ®”π«π ¡“ 1 „∫ ∂ⓧ«“¡πà“®–‡ªìπ
∑’ˉ¥â ≈“°∑’Ë®”π«ππ—Èπ¬°°”≈—ß Õß·≈â«À“√¥â«¬ 2 ≈ßμ—« ‡∑à“°—∫ a ‚¥¬∑’Ë b ≠ 0
b
·≈– À.√.¡. ¢Õß a °—∫ b ‡∑à“°—∫ 1 ·≈â« a + b ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
æ‘®“√≥“®”π«π§Ÿà∑’ˬ°°”≈—ß Õß·≈⫉¡à‡°‘π 1000
‰¥â·°à 22, 42, ..., (30)2 ´÷Ëß¡’∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ 15 ®”π«π
15 = 3
§«“¡πà“®–‡ªìπ∑’ˉ¥â§◊Õ 1000
200
¥—ßπ—Èπ a = 3, b = 200
π—Ëπ§◊Õ a + b = 203
μÕ∫ 203
14. ·¥ß´âÕ¡¬‘ߪóπ ‚¥¬«“ß°√–∫Õ°ªóπ∑”¡ÿ¡ 30 Ì °—∫·π«æ◊Èπ√“∫ ·≈–¡’‡ªÑ“∑’ËμâÕß°“√¬‘ß
Õ¬Ÿà Ÿß®“°æ◊Èπ√“∫ 12 ‡¡μ√ ∂â“®—∫‡«≈“‡¡◊ËÕ‡√‘Ë¡¬‘ß®π≈Ÿ°°√– ÿπ°√–∑∫‡ªÑ“ ®–„™â‡«≈“
3 «‘π“∑’ ·≈â«≈Ÿ°°√– ÿπ¡’§«“¡‡√Á«°’ˇ¡μ√μàÕ«‘π“∑’
·π«§‘¥
X

12

30 Ì

®“°√Ÿª

12
sin 30 Ì = x
1
12
2 = x

= 24
π—Ëπ§◊Õ „π‡«≈“ 3 «‘π“∑’ °√– ÿπªóπ‡§≈◊ËÕπ∑’ˉ¥â√–¬–∑“ß 24 ‡¡μ√
Õ—μ√“‡√Á«¢Õß°√– ÿπªóπ 8 ‡¡μ√/«‘π“∑’
μÕ∫ 8

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

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75

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75

15. √Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡®—μÿ√— ¡’‡ âπ∑·¬ß¡ÿ¡¬“« 14 ‡´π쑇¡μ√ ∫√√®ÿ„π«ß°≈¡‚¥¬¡’®ÿ¥¬Õ¥∑—Èß ’Ë
Õ¬Ÿà∫π‡ âπ√Õ∫«ß ·≈â«æ◊Èπ∑’Ë«ß°≈¡∑’ËÕ¬ŸàπÕ°√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡®—μÿ√— ‡ªìπ°’ˇ∑à“¢Õßæ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª
 ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡®—μÿ√—  (°”Àπ¥ π = 22 )
7
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14

·π«§‘¥
®“°√Ÿª æ◊Èπ∑’Ë«ß°≈¡∑’ËÕ¬ŸàπÕ°√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡®—μÿ√— 

= πr2 › ( 1 Ó 14 Ó 14)
2
= ( 227 Ó 7 Ó 7) › (7 Ó 14)
= 7(22 › 14) = 56
¥—ßπ—Èπ æ◊Èπ∑’Ë«ß°≈¡∑’ËÕ¬ŸàπÕ°√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡®—μÿ√— ‡ªìπ 56 = 4 ‡∑à“¢Õßæ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡®—μÿ√— 
7 Ó 14 7
μÕ∫ 4
7
16. π”≈«¥‡ âπÀπ÷ßË ¡“¢¥‡ªìπ«ß°≈¡‰¥âæπÈ◊ ∑’¿Ë “¬„π«ß°≈¡‡∑à“°—∫ 1,386 μ“√“߇´π쑇¡μ√ ·μàπ”¡“¢¥
‡ªìπ√Ÿª ’‡Ë À≈’¬Ë ¡¡ÿ¡©“°‚¥¬„À⧫“¡¬“«¥â“π·μà≈–¥â“π‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∑’¡Ë “°°«à“ 30 ‡´π쑇¡μ√
·≈â«√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡¡ÿ¡©“°π’È¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥°’Ëμ“√“߇´π쑇¡μ√ (°”Àπ¥ π = 227 )
·π«§‘¥

‡ âπ√Õ∫«ß
§«“¡°«â“ß + §«“¡¬“«

πr2
r2
r2
r
2πr

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1,386
1,386 Ó 227
63 Ó 7
21
2 Ó 227 Ó 21
132
66

μ“√“߇´π쑇¡μ√
μ“√“߇´π쑇¡μ√
μ“√“߇´π쑇¡μ√
‡´π쑇¡μ√
‡´π쑇¡μ√
‡´π쑇¡μ√
‡´π쑇¡μ√

76 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

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§«“¡°«â“ß ¡“°°«à“ 30 ‡´π쑇¡μ√
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë 31 Ó 35 = 1,085 μ“√“߇´π쑇¡μ√
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë 32 Ó 34 = 1,088 μ“√“߇´π쑇¡μ√
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë 33 Ó 33 = 1,089 μ“√“߇´π쑇¡μ√
μÕ∫ 1,089 μ“√“߇´π쑇¡μ√
17. ®ßÀ“«à“®ÿ¥μ—¥¢Õß°√“ø¢Õß ¡°“√ x › 3y = 1 ·≈– 2x2 › 3xy › 20 = 0 ¡’√–¬–
Àà“ß°—π°’ËÀπ૬
·π«§‘¥
x › 3y
= 1 .............................. 
2x2 › 3xy › 20 = 0 .............................. 
®“° ; x = 1 + 3y ·∑π„π 
®–‰¥â 2(1 + 3y)2 › 3(1 + 3y)y › 20 = 0
2(1 + 6y + 9y2) › (3y + 9y2) › 20 = 0
2 + 12y + 18y2 › 3y › 9y2 › 20 = 0
= 0
9y2 + 9y › 18
= 0
y2 + y › 2
= 0
(y › 1)(y + 2)
y
= 1 À√◊Õ ›2
·∑π§à“ y = 1 ®–‰¥â x = 1 + 3 = 4
y = ›2 ®–‰¥â x = 1 + 3(›2) = ›5
®ÿ¥μ—¥§◊Õ (4, 1) ·≈– (›5, ›2)
Y

(4, 1)
3

X

(›5, ›2)
9

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 59-88

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77

√–¬–√–À«à“ß (4, 1) ·≈– (›5, ›2) §◊Õ (›5 ›4)2 + (›2 ›1)2 Àπ૬
= 81 + 9 Àπ૬
= 90
Àπ૬
= 3 10 Àπ૬
μÕ∫ 3 10 Àπ૬
18. ®“°√Ÿª °”Àπ¥ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¡ÿ¡©“°∑’Ë¡’¡ÿ¡ BCA ‡ªìπ¡ÿ¡©“° BN ·≈– CM
‡ªìπ‡ âπ¡—∏¬∞“π ∂â“ BN ⊥ CM ·≈– BC ¬“« 6 Àπ૬ ·≈â« BN ¬“«°’ËÀπ૬
C

6

N
O

B

A

M

·π«§‘¥
^ = BOC
^ μà“ß°Á‡∑à“°—∫ 90 Õß»“
1. BCN
^ = OBC
^ (¡ÿ¡√à«¡)
2. CBN
^ = BCO
^ (®“°¢âÕ 1, 2 ¡ÿ¡§Ÿà∑’Ë “¡¢Õß√Ÿª Δ)
3. BNC
4. Δ BCN ∼ Δ BOC (®“°¢âÕ 1, 2, 3)
BC
π—Ëπ§◊Õ BN
BC = BO
„Àâ BN = 3x ®–‰¥â BO = 2x
6
∴ 3x =
6
2x
6x2 = 6
x2 = 1
x = ±1 (§à“ ›1 „™â‰¡à‰¥â)
π—Ëπ§◊Õ BN ¬“« 3(1) = 3 Àπ૬
μÕ∫ 3 Àπ૬

78 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

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19. A ¢—∫√∂¬πμå¥â«¬§«“¡‡√Á« 80 °‘‚≈‡¡μ√μàÕ™—Ë«‚¡ß À≈—ß®“°ÕÕ°‡¥‘π∑“߉¥â 45 π“∑’
B ¢—∫√∂¬πμåÕÕ°®“°μ”·Àπà߇¥’¬«°—∫ A ¥â«¬§«“¡‡√Á« 120 °‘‚≈‡¡μ√μàÕ™—Ë«‚¡ß
‡ªìπ‡«≈“ 20 π“∑’ ®“°π—ÈπÀ¬ÿ¥æ—° 10 π“∑’ ·≈⫇¥‘π∑“ßμàե⫬§«“¡‡√Á« 90 °‘‚≈‡¡μ√μàÕ™—Ë«‚¡ß
®ßÀ“«à“ B ®–‡¥‘π∑“ß∑—π A ‡¡◊ËÕ A ‡¥‘π∑“߉¥â°’Ë™—Ë«‚¡ß °’Ëπ“∑’
·π«§‘¥
A ‡¥‘π∑“ß x ™¡. ¥â«¬Õ—μ√“‡√Á« 80 °¡./™¡. ‰¥â∑“ß 80x °‘‚≈‡¡μ√
B ‡¥‘π∑“ß 120 °¡./™¡. ‡ªìπ‡«≈“ 20 π“∑’ ‰¥â∑“ß 120 Ó 20 = 40 °‘‚≈‡¡μ√
60
B À¬ÿ¥æ—° 10 π“∑’ ·≈⫇¥‘π∑“ßμàե⫬§«“¡‡√Á« 90 °¡./™¡. „™â‡«≈“ x › 75
™¡.
60
‰¥â∑“ß 90(x › 54 ) °‘‚≈‡¡μ√
√∂∑—Èß Õß∑—π°—π · ¥ß«à“√–¬–∑“ß∑’Ë√∂∑—Èß Õß«‘Ë߇∑à“°—π
π—Ëπ§◊Õ 80x = 40 + 90(x › 54 )
›10x = ›145
2
x
= 145
20
x

= 71
4

∴ A ‡¥‘π∑“߉¥â 7 ™—Ë«‚¡ß 15 π“∑’
μÕ∫ A ‡¥‘π∑“߉¥â 7 ™—Ë«‚¡ß 15 π“∑’

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 59-88

79

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79

20. ‡»… à«π®”π«πÀπ÷Ëß ‡¡◊ËÕπ” 2 ¡“∫«°‡≈¢‚¥¥¢Õßμ—«‡»…·≈–μ—« à«π ®–∑”„À⇻… à«ππ—Èπ‡ªìπ 107
·≈–‡¡◊ËÕπ” 4 ¡“≈∫‡≈¢‚¥¥¢Õßμ—«‡»…·≈–μ—« à«π ®–∑”„À⇻… à«ππ—Èπ‡ªìπ 58 ®ßÀ“«à“
‡»… à«π®”π«ππ—Èπ‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
„À⇻… à«π®”π«ππ—Èπ§◊Õ xy
π” 2 ∫«°‡≈¢‚¥¥∑—Èßμ—«‡»…·≈–μ—« à«π‰¥â xy ++ 22 = 7 ................. ➊
10
π” 4 ‰ª≈∫‡≈¢‚¥¥∑—Èßμ—«‡»…·≈–μ—« à«π‰¥â xy ›› 44 = 58 ................. ➋
®“° ➊; 10x + 20
10x › 7y
50x › 35y
®“° ➋; 8x › 32
8x › 5y
56x › 35y
➍ › ➌ 6x
x
x
·∑π x = 19 ®–‰¥â y
y
‡»… à«π®”π«ππ—Èπ§◊Õ 19
28
μÕ∫ 19
28

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

7y + 14
›6
›30
5y › 20 ........................... ➌
12
84 ................................... ➍
114
114
6
19
12 › 152
›5
28

80 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 59-88

80

12/9/08, 10:30 AM

μÕπ∑’Ë 2
21. ®ßÀ“§«“¡¬“«¥â“π¢Õß√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’¬Ë ¡¥â“π‡∑à“∑’¡Ë ¢’ 𓥄À≠à∑ Ë’ ¥ÿ ∑’∫Ë √√®ÿÕ¬Ÿ„à π√Ÿª ’‡Ë À≈’¬Ë ¡
®—μÿ√— ∑’Ë¡’§«“¡¬“«¥â“π 1 Àπ૬
·π«§‘¥
C

1

P

y
Q
1

A

R

B

„Àâ PQR ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“∑’Ë¡’¢π“¥„À≠à∑’Ë ÿ¥
´÷Ëß¡’¥â“𬓫¥â“π≈– y Àπ૬
„Àâ CQ = RB = x Àπ૬
®–‰¥â QA = AR = 1 › x Àπ૬
®“° Δ ¡ÿ¡©“° PCQ ®–‰¥â y2 = 1 + x2
®“° Δ ¡ÿ¡©“° ARQ ®–‰¥â y2 = (1 › x)2 + (1 › x)2
¥—ßπ—Èπ 1 + x2
= 1 › 2x + x2 + 1 › 2x + x2
x2 › 4x + 1 = 0
x
= 4 ± 16 › 4
2

= 2± 3
®–‰¥â x
= 2 › 3 ( 2 + 3 > 1)
= 1 + x2
®“° y2
y2
= 1+4›4 3+3
y
= 8 › 4 3 „™â‡©æ“–§à“∫«°
π—Ëπ§◊Õ §«“¡¬“«¥â“π¢Õß√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“∑’Ë¡’¢π“¥„À≠à∑’Ë ÿ¥ = 2 2 › 3 Àπ૬
μÕ∫ 2 2 › 3

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 59-88

81

12/9/08, 10:30 AM

81

22. ∂â“™“¬§πÀπ÷Ë߬◊πÕ¬Ÿà∫πæ◊Èπ√“∫∑’Ë®ÿ¥ A ®–¡Õ߇ÀÁπ¬Õ¥‡ “∏ߥ⫬¡ÿ¡‡ß¬ 15 Ì ·≈–∂Ⓡ¢“
‡¥‘π‡¢â“À“‡ “∏ß 50 ‡¡μ√ ‡¢“®–¡Õ߇ÀÁπ¬Õ¥‡ “∏ߥ⫬¡ÿ¡‡ß¬ 45 Ì ®ßÀ“§«“¡ Ÿß¢Õ߇ “∏ßπ’È
μÕ∫„π√Ÿª∑»π‘¬¡ 2 μ”·Àπàß (°”Àπ¥ 3 = 1.732)
·π«§‘¥
D

x
15 Ì
A

)

30 Ì
E

)

45 Ì
B

)
x

C

∑’Ë®ÿ¥ E ≈“° DE ∑”„Àâ¡ÿ¡ DEB = 30 Ì
„Àâ DC = x = BC
= x
„π Δ DEC; sin 30 Ì
DE
1
x
2 = DE
DE = 2x
„π Δ AED; ¡ÿ¡ DEA = 180 Ì › 30 Ì = 150 Ì
®–‰¥â¡ÿ¡ ADE = 15 Ì
Δ AED ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡Àπâ“®—Ë«
AE = 2x
x
=
„π Δ DEC; tan 30 Ì
EB + x
1 =
x
3
EB + x
EB =
x =

3 x › x = ( 3 › 1)x = 50 › 2x
50 ⋅ 3 ‹› 1 = 50( 3 ‹› 1)
2
3+1 3›1

= 25(1.732 › 1) = 25(0.732) = 18.30 ‡¡μ√
μÕ∫ 18.30 ‡¡μ√

82 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 59-88

82

12/9/08, 10:30 AM

23. ∂â“ d ‡ªìπ À.√.¡. ¢Õß n › 1 °—∫ n2 + n + 1 ‡¡◊ËÕ n ‡ªìπ®”π«ππ—∫ ·≈⫺≈∫«°¢Õß d
∑’ˇªìπ‰ª‰¥â∑—ÈßÀ¡¥¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
‡π◊ËÕß®“° n2 + n + 1 = (n › 1)(n + 2) + 3
d ‡ªìπ À.√.¡. ¢Õß n › 1 °—∫ n2 + n + 1
¥—ßπ—Èπ d À“√ n › 1 ≈ßμ—« ·≈– d À“√ n2 + n + 1 ≈ßμ—«
®–‰¥â d À“√ (n › 1)(n + 2) + 3 ≈ßμ—«
·μà d À“√ (n › 1)(n + 2) ≈ßμ—« ¥—ßπ—Èπ d À“√ 3 ≈ßμ—«
®–‰¥â d §◊Õ 1 À√◊Õ 3
º≈∫«°¢Õß d ∑’ˇªìπ‰ª‰¥â∑—ÈßÀ¡¥§◊Õ 1 + 3 = 4
μÕ∫ 4
24. ∂â“

19x › 8
2x2 › x › 21

=

A + B ·≈â« A › B ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
2x › 7 x + 3

·π«§‘¥
19x › 8
2x2 › x › 21

A + B
2x › 7 x + 3
= A(x + 3) + B(2x › 7)
(2x › 7)(x + 3)
+ (3A › 7B)
= (A + 2B)x
2
2x › x › 21
=

‚¥¬°“√‡∑’¬∫ —¡ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï ®–‰¥â
A + 2B = 19 ........................................... ➊
3A › 7B = ›8 ........................................... ➋
57 ........................................... ➌
➊ Ó 3, 3A + 6B =
➌ › ➋, 13B
= 65
B
= 5
®–‰¥â A
= 9
¥—ßπ—Èπ A › B = 9 › 5 = ›2
μÕ∫ ›2
‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 59-88

83

12/9/08, 10:30 AM

83

25. ∂â“ ABCD ‡ªìπ√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡®—μÿ√— ¬“«¥â“π≈– 28 Àπ૬ ‚¥¬¡’ M ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π AD ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ
AM = 3MD, ¡’ I ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π CD ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ¡ÿ¡ IBM ‡∑à“°—∫¡ÿ¡ ABM ·≈–¡’ N ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π
CD ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ BN ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß¡ÿ¡ IBC ·≈â«æ◊Èπ∑’Ë¢Õß√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ BMN ‡∑à“°—∫°’Ëμ“√“ßÀπ૬
·π«§‘¥

)

28

7

x
21

B

)

A

)

)

M
7

S

D
I

N x

C

À¡ÿπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ BCN √Õ∫®ÿ¥ B μ“¡‡¢Á¡π“Ãî°“‡ªìπ¡ÿ¡ 90 Ì
®–‰¥â Δ BN′M ≅ Δ BNM (¥.¡.¥.)
^ = BNM
^ = BNC
^
¥—ßπ—Èπ BN′M
Δ BSN ≅ Δ BCN
„Àâ CN = x ®–‰¥â ND = 28 › x ·≈– MN = 21 + x
√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¡ÿ¡©“° DMN; (28 › x)2 + 72 = (21 + x)2
∴x=4
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë Δ MDN = 12 Ó 7 Ó 24 = 84 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë Δ BMN = 282 › 12 Ó 21 Ó 28 › 12 Ó 4 Ó 28 › 84 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
= 28(28 › 21 2+ 4 ) › 84 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
= 28 2Ó 31 › 84 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
= 350 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
μÕ∫ 350 μ“√“ßÀπ૬

84 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 59-88

84

12/9/08, 10:31 AM

60a

60b

1›a›b
2(1
12 › b)

26. ∂â“ = 3 ·≈– = 5 ·≈â«
¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
12
= 605 = 60b = 601 › b
60
∴ 12

1›a›b
2(1 › b)

1›a›b
1

b
(60 )2(1 1› b)
(601 › a › b)2 1
60 2 =
a
60 Ó 60b

=
=
= (
= 2

)

( 3 60Ó 5 )2
1

μÕ∫ 2
27. °”Àπ¥ ABCD ‡ªìπ√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡®—μÿ√— ¬“«¥â“π≈– 900 Àπ૬ ‚¥¬∑’Ë O ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥μ—¥
¢Õ߇ âπ∑·¬ß¡ÿ¡ ·≈–¡’ E, F ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π¥â“π AD ‚¥¬∑’Ë E Õ¬Ÿà√–À«à“ß A °—∫ F
∂â“ DF = 400 Àπ૬ ·≈–¡ÿ¡ EOF = 45 Ì ·≈â« AE ¬“«°’ËÀπ૬
·π«§‘¥
„Àâ AE = x Àπ૬
A
B
EF = 500 › x Àπ૬
x
E
°”Àπ¥®ÿ¥ P ∫π CD
∑”„Àâ DP = AE
O
45 Ì
500 ‹› x
45 Ì
≈“° OP
F
®–‰¥â Δ AOE ≅ Δ DOP
C
D
P
≈“° FP ®–‰¥â
Δ OEF ≅ Δ OFP
FP = 500 › x
√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¡ÿ¡©“° FDP ¡’ (500 › x)2 = x2 + 4002
∴ x = 90 Àπ૬

)

)

μÕ∫ 90 Àπ૬

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 59-88

85

12/9/08, 10:31 AM

85

28. ABCDEFGH ‡ªìπ√Ÿª·ª¥‡À≈’ˬ¡¡ÿ¡‡∑à“ ∑’Ë¡’¥â“𬓫 2, 2 2, 4, 4 2, 6, 7, 7
·≈– 8 Àπ૬ ®–¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë°’Ëμ“√“ßÀπ૬
·π«§‘¥
A

(

2

45 Ì

2 2

7

(

45 Ì

(
45 Ì

7 2
2

B

(

2

8

45 Ì

11
4
G

C
2
D
4 2

7

45 Ì

(

45 Ì

(

7 2
2

7 2
2

( 45 Ì
7 2
2

F

6

E

4

4

= (6 + 7 2 2)(10 + 7 2 2) › 12 (22 + 42 + 2( 7 2 2 )2) μ“√“ßÀπ૬
= 60 + 56 2 + 492 › 10 › 492

æ∑. ABCDEFGH

= 50 + 56 2 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
μÕ∫ 50 + 56 2 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
29. °”Àπ¥ x, y ·≈– z ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß∫«° ´÷Ëß Õ¥§≈âÕß°—∫√–∫∫ ¡°“√
x2(y + z)2 = (3x2 + x + 1)y2z2
y2(z + x)2 = (4y2 + y + 1)z2x2
z2(x + y)2 = (5z2 + z + 1)x2y2
·≈â« x1 + y1 + 1z ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
( y1 + 1z )2
( 1z + x1 )2
( x1 + y1 )2

=
=
=

1+ 1 +3
x2 x
1+ 1 +4
y2 y
1+ 1 +5
z2 z

= ( 1 + 1 )2 + 11
x 2 4
= ( y1 + 12 )2 + 154
= ( 1z + 12 )2 + 194

86 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 59-88

86

12/9/08, 10:31 AM

11 ................... ➊
4
15 ................... ➋
4
19 ................... ➌
4

( y1 + 1z › x1 › 12 ) ( x1 + y1 + 1z + 12 ) =
( 1z + x1 › y1 › 12 ) ( x1 + y1 + 1z + 12 ) =
( x1 + y1 › 1z › 12 ) ( x1 + y1 + 1z + 12 ) =
➊+➋+➌

( x1 + y1 + 1z › 32 )( x1 + y1 + 1z + 12 ) =

45
4

„Àâ a = x1 + y1 + 1z ®–‰¥â a2 › a › 34

=

45
4

=
=
=

0
4
4

a2 › a › 12
a
1+1+1
x y z
μÕ∫ 4

30. °”Àπ¥√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC ¡’®ÿ¥¬Õ¥ A(1, 6), B(›2, 3) ·≈– C(3, ›4) ∂Ⓡ≈◊ËÕπ®ÿ¥ A
¢π“π‰ª∑“ߢ«“ 3 Àπ૬ ¢÷Èπ‰ª¢â“ß∫π 2 Àπ૬  –∑âÕπ®ÿ¥ B ¢â“¡·°π Y ·≈–À¡ÿπ
®ÿ¥ C √Õ∫®ÿ¥°”‡π‘¥∑«π‡¢Á¡π“Ãî°“‡ªìπ¡ÿ¡ 180 Ì ·≈â«√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡∑’ˇ°‘¥®“°°“√‡≈◊ËÕπ
¥—ß°≈à“«®–¡’æ◊Èπ∑’ˇªìπ°’ˇ∑à“¢Õß√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC
·π«§‘¥
Y

Y
6 A(1, 6)

A´(4, 8)

8
4
B(›2, 3)

·ª≈ß·≈â«

2
‹›2

‹›1

1
‹›2
‹›4

2

X

3
C(3 ›4) 

6
4
C´(›3, 4)

2

B´(2, 3)
X

›4 ›2

2

4

6

8

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 59-88

87

12/9/08, 10:31 AM

87

®ÿ¥ A(1, 6) ‡≈◊ËÕπ‰ª∑“ߢ«“ 3 Àπ૬ ¢÷Èπ‰ª¢â“ß∫π 2 Àπ૬ ‡ªìπ A´(4, 8)
®ÿ¥ B(›2, 3)  –∑âÕπ¢â“¡·°π Y ‡ªìπ B(2, 3)
®ÿ¥ C(3, ›4) À¡ÿπ√Õ∫®ÿ¥°”‡π‘¥∑«π‡¢Á¡π“Ãî°“‡ªìπ¡ÿ¡ 180 Ì ‡ªìπ C´(›3, 4)
æ∑. Δ ABC = (5 Ó 10) › 12 {(3 Ó 3) + (2 Ó 10) + (7 Ó 5)}
= 50 › 32 = 18 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
æ∑. Δ A´B´C´= 7 Ó 5 › 12 (2 Ó 5 + 5 Ó 1 + 7 Ó 4)
= 35 › 21.5 = 13.5 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
æ∑. Δ A´B´C´ 13.5
æ∑. Δ ABC = 18
μÕ∫ 34

88 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 59-88

88

12/9/08, 10:31 AM

μ—«Õ¬à“ß
·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 (©∫—∫∑’Ë 1)
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2550
§”™’È·®ß
1. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫ ¡’∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ 30 ¢âÕ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ
2. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’È¡’®”π«π 30 ¢âÕ ·∫à߇ªìπ 2 μÕπ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ®”π«π 20 ¢âÕ Ê ≈– 3 §–·ππ √«¡ 60 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ®”π«π 10 ¢âÕ Ê ≈– 4 §–·ππ √«¡ 40 §–·ππ
3. ‡«≈“∑’Ë„™â„π°“√ Õ∫ „™â‡«≈“ 1 ™—Ë«‚¡ß 30 π“∑’

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

89

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

89

μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 (©∫—∫∑’Ë 1)
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2550

§”™’È·®ß ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ ¡’ 2 μÕπ ¥—ßπ’È
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ®”π«π 20 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 3 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ®”π«π 10 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 4 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1
1. ∂â“ m, n, p ·≈– q ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡©æ“–∫«° ´÷Ëß mnpq = 27000001 ·≈â« m + n + p + q
¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
2. ∂â“ x = 3 + 1 1
·≈â« x ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
4+
3 + 4 +1 ...
3. ¡’‰¢àÕ¬Ÿà∑—ÈßÀ¡¥‰¡à‡°‘π 500 øÕß ∂â“𔉪„ à„πμ–°√â“„∫≈– 2, 3, 4, 5 À√◊Õ 6 øÕß ‡∑à“ Ê °—π
®–‡À≈◊Õ‰¢à 1 øÕ߇ ¡Õ ·μà∂â“„ àμ–°√â“„∫≈– 7 øÕß ‡∑à“ Ê °—π ®–‰¡à¡’‰¢à‡À≈◊Õ ®ßÀ“«à“
¡’‰¢à∑—ÈßÀ¡¥°’ËøÕß
4. ∂â“¡’‡ß‘π 3,440 ∫“∑ ‡ªìπ∏π∫—μ√©∫—∫≈– 20 ∫“∑ 50 ∫“∑ ·≈– 100 ∫“∑ √«¡ 72 ©∫—∫
·≈â«®–¡’∏π∫—μ√∑—Èß “¡™π‘¥„π‡ß◊ËÕπ‰¢∑’Ë°”Àπ¥„À≥Ⱂ˫‘∏’
5. ∂â“ a ‡ªìπ À.√.¡. ¢Õß 234 °—∫ 324 ·≈– b, c ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡„π™à«ß ›10 ∂÷ß 10 ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ
a = 234b + 324c ·≈â« a + b + c ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
6. (1 › 12 )(1 › 12 )(1 › 12 ) ... (1 › 1 2 ) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
2
3
4
(2,007)
7. ∂â“ A = 0.5(22,550 + 2›2,550), B = 0.5(22,550 › 2›2,550) ·≈â« A2 › B2 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

90 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

90

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

8. ∂â“ x ‡∑à“°—∫ x% ¢Õß y ·≈– y ‡∑à“°—∫ y% ¢Õß z ‚¥¬∑’Ë x, y, z ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß∫«°·≈â«
y + z ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
9. §”μÕ∫¢Õß ¡°“√ x › x › x › x › 99 = 99 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
10. ®“°√Ÿª Δ ABC ¡’ M ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ߢÕߥâ“π BC ∂â“ AB = 4 Àπ૬, AM = 3 Àπ૬
·≈– AC = 8 Àπ૬ ·≈â« BC ¬“«°’ËÀπ૬
A
8
4

3
C

B

M

11. ∂â“ N = 10296 › 10259 + 10222 › 10185 + 10148 › 10111 + 1074 › 1037 + 1 ·≈–
1


N = 0.d1 d2 d3 ... dm ‡ªìπ∑»π‘¬¡´È” ´÷Ëß¡’‡≈¢‚¥¥´È”„π·μà≈–™ÿ¥πâÕ¬∑’Ë ÿ¥ m ®”π«π
·≈â« m ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
12. ∂â“°”Àπ¥æÀÿπ“¡ (x + 5)3 + (3x › 2)4 › (2x + 1)5 ·≈â« —¡ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß x3 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
13. ∂â“ x + y = 11 ·≈– x2 + y2 = 16 ·≈â« x4 + y4 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
14. °”Àπ¥„Àâ x ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«° ·≈– n(x) ‡ªìπº≈∫«°¢Õ߇≈¢‚¥¥∑’ˇ¢’¬π·∑π x
‡™àπ n(517) = 5 + 1 + 7 = 13 ·≈– n(3229) = 3 + 2 + 2 + 9 = 16 ‡ªìπμâπ
∂â“ y = (10k + 2 + 3.10k)2 ‡¡◊ËÕ k ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°·≈â« n(y) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
15. ∂â“π”°√«¬‚≈À–ª≈“¬μ—¥∑’Ë¡’√—»¡’∞“π 2 ‡´π쑇¡μ√ ·≈– 5 ‡´π쑇¡μ√ ¡“À≈Õ¡‡ªìπ≈Ÿ°∫“»°å
¬“«¥â“π≈– 2 ‡´π쑇¡μ√ ·≈â«®–‰¥â≈Ÿ°∫“»°å∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ 143 ≈Ÿ° ®ßÀ“«à“°√«¬‚≈À–
ª≈“¬μ—¥π’È¡’§«“¡ Ÿß°’ˇ´π쑇¡μ√ (°”Àπ¥ π = 22)
7

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

91

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

91

16. ∂â“ a + b + c = 4 ·≈– 1 + 1 + 1 = 0 ·≈â« a2 + b2 + c2 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
a b c
17. °”Àπ¥ P ‡ªìπæ“√“‚∫≈“ y = x2 › 3x ∂â“ P′ ‰¥â®“°°“√‡≈◊ËÕπ P ¢π“π‰ª¢â“ß∫π
4 Àπ૬ ·≈–‰ª∑“ߴ⓬ 3 Àπ૬ ·≈– P′ ºà“π®ÿ¥ (›2, 2a › 4 )·≈â« a ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
5
18. §«“¡‡√Á«¢ÕßπÈ”∑’‰Ë À≈ºà“π°äÕ°∑’ÀË π÷ßË ·≈–°äÕ°∑’ Ë Õß ‡ªìπÕ—μ√“ à«π 2 : 3 ∂Ⓡªî¥°äÕ°∑’ Ë Õß
·≈–°äÕ°∑’Ë “¡æ√âÕ¡°—π ·≈â«πÈ”®–‰À≈‡¢â“∂—ß≈Ÿ°∫“»°å´÷Ëß°«â“ߥâ“π≈– 1.2 ‡¡μ√ ‚¥¬„™â
‡«≈“ 20 π“∑’ ®÷ß®–‡μÁ¡∂—ß ·≈–∂Ⓡªî¥°äÕ°∑’ËÀπ÷Ëß°—∫°äÕ°∑’Ë “¡æ√âÕ¡°—π ·≈â«πÈ”®–‰À≈
ÕÕ°®“°∂—ߥ—ß°≈à“«‚¥¬„π‡«≈“ 5 π“∑’ ®–‡À≈◊ÕπÈ” 4 ¢Õß∂—ß ®ßÀ“«à“πÈ”‰À≈ºà“π°äÕ°∑’Ë “¡
5
¥â«¬§«“¡‡√Á«°’Ë≈‘μ√μàÕπ“∑’
19. °√–¥“πÀ¡“°√ÿ°°√–¥“πÀπ÷Ë߉¥â√—∫°“√√–∫“¬ ’μ“¡™àÕ߬àÕ¬ Ê ¥â«¬ ’¢“«À√◊Õ ’πÈ”‡ß‘π
™àÕß≈–Àπ÷Ëß ’‡∑à“π—Èπ ‚¥¬æ∫«à“„π∑ÿ°√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡º◊πºâ“∑’Ë¡’ 6 ™àÕ߬àÕ¬ (¢π“¥ 2 Ó 3
À√◊Õ 3 Ó 2) ®–¡’ 2 ™àÕ߬àÕ¬‡ªìπ ’πÈ”‡ß‘π  à«π∑’ˇÀ≈◊Õ‡ªìπ ’¢“«‡ ¡Õ ∂â“°√–¥“ππ’È
¡’¢π“¥ 9 Ó 11 ·≈â«®–¡’™àÕ߬àÕ¬∑’ˇªìπ ’πÈ”‡ß‘π∑—ÈßÀ¡¥°’Ë™àÕß
20. ®“°√Ÿª«ß°≈¡ O ·≈–«ß°≈¡ P μ—¥°—π∑’®Ë ¥ÿ C ·≈– D ‚¥¬¡’‡ âπμ√ß AB ‡ªìπ‡ âπ —¡º— √à«¡
^ ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
^ = 107 Ì ·≈â« ADB
∂â“ ACB

A
C
O

B
P

D

92 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

92

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

μÕπ∑’Ë 2
^ = 66 Ì, D ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π AB,
21. ∂â“ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡Àπâ“®—Ë«∑’Ë¡’ AB = AC, BAC
E ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π AC ∑”„Àâ DE = BD + CE ·≈– I ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π BC ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ DI ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß
^ ·≈â« DIE
^ ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
BDE

22. °”Àπ¥ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡Àπâ“®—Ë«∑’Ë¡’ AB = AC, P ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π¥â“π AC ·≈– Q
^ ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π¥â“π AB ∑”„Àâ AP = PQ = QB = BC ·≈â« BAC
23. ∂â“ a, b, c ·≈– d ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß ´÷Ëß Õ¥§≈âÕß°—∫ ¡°“√
a = 82 › 58 › a
b = 82 + 58 › b
c = 82 › 58 + c
·≈– d = 82 + 58 + d ·≈â« abcd ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
^ = 100 Ì , M ‡ªì π ®ÿ ¥ ¿“¬„π∑”„Àâ
24. ∂â “ ABC ‡ªì π √Ÿ ª  “¡‡À≈’Ë ¬ ¡Àπâ “ ®—Ë « ∑’Ë ¡’ BAC
^ = 5 Ì ·≈â« BMA
^ ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
^ = 10 Ì ·≈– MCA
MBA
^ = 81 Ì, CAD
^ = 27 Ì, ABD
^ = 36 Ì ·≈– CBD
^ = 30 Ì
25. ∂â“ √Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ ABCD ¡’ BAC
^ ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
·≈â« ADC

26. √Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC ·π∫„π«ß°≈¡ O ‚¥¬¡’ P ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ß OA ·≈– Q ‡ªìπ
^ ¡’¢π“¥‡ªìπ 4 ‡∑à“¢Õß¢π“¥¢Õß OPQ
^ ·≈– ACB
^ ¡’¢π“¥‡ªìπ
®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ß BC ∂â“ ABC
^ ·≈â« OPQ
^ ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
6 ‡∑à“¢Õß¢π“¥¢Õß OPQ
27. °”Àπ¥„Àâ AB ‡ªìπ‡ âπºà“π»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß«ß°≈¡∑’Ë¡’√—»¡’ 99 Àπ૬ ·≈– P ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥¿“¬„π
^ ≤ 135 Ì (μÕ∫„π√Ÿª¢Õß π)
®ßÀ“§«“¡πà“®–‡ªìπ∑’Ë APB

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

93

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

93

28. °”Àπ¥„Àâ (x1, y1), (x2, y2) ·≈– (x3, y3) ‡ªìπ§”μÕ∫¢Õß√–∫∫ ¡°“√
x3 › 3xy2 = 1,999
y3 › 3x2y = 1,998
·≈â«
1
¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
x1
x2
x3
(1 › y )(1 › y )(1 › y )
1

2

3

29. ∂â“°”Àπ¥√–∫∫ ¡°“√
10x2 + 5y2 › 2xy › 38x › 6y + 41 = 0
3x2 › 2y2 + 5xy › 17x › 6y + 20 = 0
·≈â«§à“¢Õß x3 + y3 ‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
30. ∂â“°”Àπ¥√–∫∫ ¡°“√
a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + an = 96
a12 + a22 + a32 + ... + an2 = 144
a13 + a23 + a33 + ... + an3 = 216
‡¡◊ËÕ ai ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß∫«°  ”À√—∫∑ÿ° i = 1, 2, 3, ..., n ·≈â« a14 + a24 + a34 + ... + an4
¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

94 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

94

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

μ—«Õ¬à“ß
·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 (©∫—∫∑’Ë 1)
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2550
§”™’È·®ß
1. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫ ¡’∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ 30 ¢âÕ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ
2. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’È¡’®”π«π 30 ¢âÕ ·∫à߇ªìπ 2 μÕπ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ®”π«π 20 ¢âÕ Ê ≈– 3 §–·ππ √«¡ 60 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ®”π«π 10 ¢âÕ Ê ≈– 4 §–·ππ √«¡ 40 §–·ππ
3. ‡«≈“∑’Ë„™â„π°“√ Õ∫ „™â‡«≈“ 1 ™—Ë«‚¡ß 30 π“∑’

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

95

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

95

μ—«Õ¬à“ß·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 (©∫—∫∑’Ë 1)
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2550

§”™’È·®ß ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ ¡’ 2 μÕπ ¥—ßπ’È
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ®”π«π 20 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 3 §–·ππ μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ®”π«π 10 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 4 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1
1. ∂â“ m, n, p ·≈– q ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡©æ“–∫«° ´÷Ëß mnpq = 27000001 ·≈â« m + n + p + q
¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
27000001
= 27000000 + 1
= (300)3 + 13
301
= 7 Ó 43
2
300 › 300 + 1 = 9x4 › 3x2 + 1 ‡¡◊ËÕ x = 10
= 9x4 + 6x2 + 1 › 9x2
= (3x2 + 1)2 › (3x)2
= (3x2 › 3x + 1)(3x2 + 3x + 1)
= 271 Ó 331
27000001
= 7 Ó 43 Ó 271 Ó 331
m + n + p + q = 7 + 43 + 271 + 331
= 652
μÕ∫ 652

96 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

96

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

2. ∂â“ x = 3 + 1 1
·≈â« x ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
4+
3 + 4 +1 ...
·π«§‘¥
x

= 3 + 11
4+
3 + 4 +1 ...
= 3 + 11
4 +x
= 3 + 4x x+ 1 › 3

x
x›3

4x2 › 12x › 3 = 0
+ 48
x
= 12 ± 144
8
x
= 12 ±8 8 3
x

=

3±2 3
2

®–‰¥â x

=

3±2 3
2

μÕ∫ 3 ±22 3

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

97

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

97

3. ¡’‰¢àÕ¬Ÿà∑—ÈßÀ¡¥‰¡à‡°‘π 500 øÕß ∂â“𔉪„ à„πμ–°√â“„∫≈– 2, 3, 4, 5 À√◊Õ 6 øÕß ‡∑à“ Ê °—π
®–‡À≈◊Õ‰¢à 1 øÕ߇ ¡Õ ·μà∂â“„ àμ–°√â“„∫≈– 7 øÕß ‡∑à“ Ê °—π ®–‰¡à¡’‰¢à‡À≈◊Õ ®ßÀ“«à“
¡’‰¢à∑—ÈßÀ¡¥°’ËøÕß
·π«§‘¥
«‘‡§√“–Àå n = 60k + 1 (§.√.π. ¢Õß 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 §◊Õ 60)
¥—ßπ—Èπ
7| (60k + 1)
≈Õß·∑π k ¥â«¬ 1 n = 61
≈Õß·∑π k ¥â«¬ 2 n = 121
≈Õß·∑π k ¥â«¬ 3 n = 181
≈Õß·∑π k ¥â«¬ 4 n = 241
≈Õß·∑π k ¥â«¬ 5 n = 301
À√◊ÕÀ“μ—«∑’Ë„°≈⇧’¬ß°—∫ 60k ·μàÀ“√¥â«¬ 7 ≈ßμ—« §◊Õ 56k
¥—ßπ—Èπ
7| (60k + 1) › 56k
π—Ëπ§◊Õ
7| (4k + 1)
∂â“ k = 5 ®–∑”„Àâ 7| (4k + 1)
¥—ßπ—Èπ ®÷ß·∑π k ¥â«¬ 5 ≈ß„π 4k + 1 ®–‰¥â
7| ((60)(5) + 1)
7| (301)
μÕ∫ 301 øÕß

98 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

98

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

4. ∂â“¡’‡ß‘π 3,440 ∫“∑ ‡ªìπ∏π∫—μ√©∫—∫≈– 20 ∫“∑ 50 ∫“∑ ·≈– 100 ∫“∑ √«¡ 72 ©∫—∫
·≈â«®–¡’∏π∫—μ√∑—Èß “¡™π‘¥„π‡ß◊ËÕπ‰¢∑’Ë°”Àπ¥„À≥Ⱂ˫‘∏’
·π«§‘¥
«‘∏’∑’Ë 1
➀ ‡¡◊ËÕ¡’∏π∫—μ√©∫—∫≈– 20 ∫“∑ ®”π«π 2 ©∫—∫ ‡ªìπ‡ß‘π 40 ∫“∑
‡À≈◊Õ©∫—∫≈– 50 ∫“∑ ·≈– 100 ∫“∑ √«¡ 70 ©∫—∫ ‡ªìπ‡ß‘π 3,400 ∫“∑
©∫—∫≈– 50 ∫“∑ ®”π«π x ©∫—∫ ‡ªìπ‡ß‘π 50x ∫“∑
©∫—∫≈– 100 ∫“∑ ®”π«π 70 › x ©∫—∫ ‡ªìπ‡ß‘π 7,000 › 100x ∫“∑
√«¡ Õß©∫—∫‡ªìπ‡ß‘π 50x + 7,000 › 100 x = 3,400 ∫“∑
4,600
= 50 x
x
= 4,600 = 92 ©∫—∫
50
¡’∏π∫—μ√©∫—∫≈– 50 ∫“∑ 92 ©∫—∫ ‡ªìπ‰ª‰¡à‰¥â
➁ ‡¡◊ËÕ¡’∏π∫—μ√©∫—∫≈– 20 ∫“∑ ®”π«π 7 ©∫—∫ ‡ªìπ‡ß‘π 140 ∫“∑
‡À≈◊Õ©∫—∫≈– 50 ∫“∑ ·≈– 100 ∫“∑ √«¡ 65 ©∫—∫ ‡ªìπ‡ß‘π 3,300 ∫“∑
©∫—∫≈– 50 ∫“∑ ®”π«π x ©∫—∫ ‡ªìπ‡ß‘π 50x ∫“∑
©∫—∫≈– 100 ∫“∑ ®”π«π 65 › x ©∫—∫ ‡ªìπ‡ß‘π 6,500 › 100x ∫“∑
√«¡ Õß©∫—∫‡ªìπ‡ß‘π 50 x + 6,500 › 100 x = 3,300 ∫“∑
50 x
= 3,200
x
= 64
®”π«π©∫—∫
©∫—∫≈– 20 ∫“∑
(®”π«π‡ß‘π)
(®”π«π‡ß‘π)

©∫—∫≈– 50 ∫“∑
(®”π«π‡ß‘π)

©∫—∫≈– 100 ∫“∑
(®”π«π‡ß‘π)

64(3,200)
56(2,800)
48(2,400)
40(2,000)
32(1,600)
24(1,200)
16(800)
8(400)
0(0)
≈¥∑’≈– 8 ©∫—∫

1(100)
4(400)
7(700)
10(1,000)
13(1,300)
16(1,600)
19(1,900)
22(2,200)
25(2,500)
‡æ‘Ë¡∑’≈– 3 ©∫—∫

À¡“¬‡Àμÿ

§”μÕ∫∑’Ë...
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
À¡“¬‡Àμÿ

7(140)
12(240)
17(340)
22(440)
27(540)
32(640)
37(740)
42(840)
47(940)
‡æ‘Ë¡∑’≈– 5 ©∫—∫

μÕ∫ 8 «‘∏’

‰¡à¡’∏π∫—μ√©∫—∫≈– 50 ∫“∑

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

99

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

99

·π«§‘¥
«‘∏’∑’Ë 2
°”Àπ¥„Àâ

x ·∑π®”π«π∏π∫—μ√©∫—∫≈– 20 ∫“∑
y ·∑π®”π«π∏π∫—μ√©∫—∫≈– 50 ∫“∑
z ·∑π®”π«π∏π∫—μ√©∫—∫≈– 100 ∫“∑

·≈–
®–‰¥â«à“
x+y+z
= 72
......................... ➊
2x + 5y + 10z = 344
......................... ➋
®“° ➊ z
= 72 › x › y ·∑π„π ➋
2x + 5y + 10(72 › x › y) = 344
2x + 5y + 720 › 10x › 10y = 344
›8x › 5y
= 344 › 720
›8x › 5y
= ›376
8x + 5y
= 376
8x
= 376 › 5y
x
= 47 › 5y8
§”μÕ∫∑’Ë 1
§”μÕ∫∑’Ë 2
§”μÕ∫∑’Ë 3
§”μÕ∫∑’Ë 4
§”μÕ∫∑’Ë 5
§”μÕ∫∑’Ë 6
§”μÕ∫∑’Ë 7
§”μÕ∫∑’Ë 8
·μà
μÕ∫ 8 «‘∏’

y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

8,
x = 47 › 5 = 42,
z = 22
16,
x = 47 › 10 = 37,
z = 19
24,
x = 47 › 15 = 32,
z = 16
32,
x = 47 › 20 = 27,
z = 13
40,
x = 47 › 25 = 22,
z = 10
48,
x = 47 › 30 = 17,
z = 7
56,
x = 47 › 35 = 12,
z = 4
64,
x = 47 › 40 = 7,
z = 1
72, x = 47 › 5(72)
8 = 2, z = ›2 ‡ªìπ‰ª‰¡à‰¥â

100 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

100

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

5. ∂â“ a ‡ªìπ À.√.¡. ¢Õß 234 °—∫ 324 ·≈– b, c ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡„π™à«ß ›10 ∂÷ß 10 ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ
a = 234b + 324c ·≈â« a + b + c ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
‡π◊ËÕß®“° 234 = 2 Ó 32 Ó 13
·≈–
324 = 22 Ó 34
À.√.¡. ¢Õß 234 °—∫ 324 §◊Õ 2 Ó 32 = 18 = a
®“°
a = 234b + 324c
18 = 2 Ó 32 (13b + 18c)
18 = 18(13(7) + 18(›5))
®–‰¥â b = 7, c = ›5
¥—ßπ—Èπ a + b + c = 18 + 7 › 5 = 20
μÕ∫ 20
6. (1 › 12 )(1 › 12 )(1 › 12 ) ... (1 › 1 2 ) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
2
3
4
(2007)
·π«§‘¥
(1 › 212 )(1 › 312 )(1 › 412 ) ... (1 › 1 2 )
(2007)
2
2
2
2
= ( 2 ›2 1 )( 3 ›2 1 )( 4 ›2 1 ) ... (2007 ›2 1)
(2007)
2
3
4
› 1)
= (2 + 1)(22 › 1) Ó (3 + 1)(32 › 1) Ó (4 + 1)(42 › 1) Ó (5 + 1)(52 › 1) Ó ... Ó (2007 + 1)(2007
2
2007
2
3
4
5
... (2006 + 1)(2005)(2008)(2006)
= (3)(1)(4)(2)(5)(3)(6)(4)
2
2
2 3 42 52... (2007)2
2 2 2
2(2006)2(2007)(2008)
= (2)(3) (4) (5)2 ...2(2005)
2 3 42 52 ... (2007)2
1004
= 12 Ó 2008
2007 = 2007
μÕ∫ 1004
2007

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

101

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

101

7. ∂â“ A = 0.5(22550 + 2› 2550), B = 0.5(22550 › 2› 2550) ·≈â« A2 › B2 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
A2 › B2 = (A › B)(A + B)
= (2›2550)(22550)
= 20
= 1
μÕ∫ 1
8. ∂â“ x ‡∑à“°—∫ x% ¢Õß y ·≈– y ‡∑à“°—∫ y% ¢Õß z ‚¥¬∑’Ë x, y, z ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß∫«°
·≈â« y + z ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
yz
®“° y = y% ¢Õß z ®–‰¥â y = 100
100y › yz = 0
y(100 › z) = 0
·μà y > 0 ¥—ßπ—Èπ 100 › z = 0
π—Ëπ§◊Õ z = 100
x
®“° x = x% ¢Õß y ®–‰¥â xy = 100
¥—ßπ—Èπ y = 100
®–‰¥â y + z = 100 + 100 = 200
μÕ∫ 200
9. §”μÕ∫¢Õß ¡°“√ x › x › x › x › 99 = 99 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
®“° x › x › x › x › 99 = 99
99 = x › x › x › x › 99
®–‰¥â x › 99 = 99
x › 99 = 992
x = 992 + 99
= 99(99 + 1)
= 99 Ó 100
μÕ∫ 9900
102 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

102

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

10. ®“°√Ÿª Δ ABC ¡’ M ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ߢÕߥâ“π BC ∂â“ AB = 4 Àπ૬, AM = 3 Àπ૬
·≈– AC = 8 Àπ૬ ·≈â« BC ¬“«°’ËÀπ૬
A
8
4

3
C

B

M

·π«§‘¥
A

8
4

3
x-a

B

a

O

x
2x

C

®“°√Ÿª„π Δ ABO; AO2 = 42 › (x › a)2 ........ ➊
„π Δ AOM; AO2 = 32› a2
........ ➋
➊ = ➋ ®–‰¥â 42 › (x › a)2 = 32› a2
16 › x2 + 2ax ›a2 = 9 › a2
C
x2 › 2ax › 7 = 0
....... ➌
„π Δ AOC; AO2 = 82› (a+x)2 ....... ➍
➊ = ➍ ®–‰¥â 16 › x2+ 2ax ›a2 = 64 ›a2› 2ax ›x2
4ax = 48
ax = 12 𔉪·∑π„π ➌
‰¥â x2 ›2(12) › 7 = 0
x2 = 31
x = 31
·μà BC = 2x
π—Ëπ§◊Õ ¥â“π BC ¬“« 2 31 Àπ૬

μÕ∫ 2 31 Àπ૬

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

103

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

103

11. ∂â“ N = 10296 › 10259 + 10222 › 10185 + 10148 › 10111 + 1074 › 1037 + 1 ·≈–
1


N = 0.d1 d2 d3 ... dm ‡ªìπ∑»π‘¬¡´È” ´÷Ëß¡’‡≈¢‚¥¥´È”„π·μà≈–™ÿ¥πâÕ¬∑’Ë ÿ¥ m ®”π«π
·≈â« m ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
1 = 0.d1d2d3...dm
N
10m › 1
®–‰¥â N|(10m › 1)
= 10333 + 1
(1037 + 1)N
(10333 › 1)(1037 + 1)N = 10666 › 1
®–‰¥â N|(10666 › 1)
¥—ßπ—Èπ m = 666
μÕ∫ 666
12. ∂â“°”Àπ¥æÀÿπ“¡ (x + 5)3 + (3x › 2)4 › (2x + 1)5 ·≈â« —¡ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß x3 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
 —¡ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß x3 ¢Õß (x + 5)3 §◊Õ 1
 —¡ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß x3 ¢Õß (3x › 2)4 §◊Õ 4 Ó 33 Ó (›2) = ›216
 —¡ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß x3 ¢Õß (2x + 1)5 §◊Õ 10 Ó 23 Ó 1 = 80
¥—ßπ—Èπ  —¡ª√– ‘∑∏‘Ï¢Õß x3 ®“° (x + 5)3 + (3x › 2)4› (2x + 1)
§◊Õ 1 + (›216) › 80 = ›295
μÕ∫ ›295

104 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

104

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

13. ∂â“ x + y = 11 ·≈– x2 + y2 = 16 ·≈â« x4 + y4 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
= (x2 + y2)2 › 2x2y2
x4 + y4
= (16)2 › 2x2y2 .................... ➊
®“° x + y
= 11
.................... ➋
2
2
2
➋ ®–‰¥â«à“ x + y + 2xy = 11
16 + 2xy = 11
2xy = ›5
xy = ›52 ·∑π„π ➊
x4 + y4

= (16)2 › 2(›52 )2
= 256 › 2( 254 )
= 256 › ( 25 )
2
= 256 › 12.5 = 243.5

μÕ∫ 243.5
14. °”Àπ¥„Àâ x ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«° ·≈– n(x) ‡ªìπº≈∫«°¢Õ߇≈¢‚¥¥∑’ˇ¢’¬π·∑π x
‡™àπ n(517) = 5 + 1 + 7 = 13 ·≈– n(3229) = 3 + 2 + 2 + 9 = 16 ‡ªìπμâπ
∂â“ y = (10k + 2 + 3.10k)2 ‡¡◊ËÕ k ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«°·≈â« n(y) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
®“°
y
= (10k + 2 + 3.10k)2
®–‰¥â
y
= (10k (10 2 + 3.))2
= (10k (100 + 3))2
= (10k(103))2
= 102k(10609)
¥—ßπ—Èπ
n(y) = 1 + 0 + 6 + 0 + 9 = 16
μÕ∫ 16

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

105

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

105

15. ∂â“π”°√«¬‚≈À–ª≈“¬μ—¥∑’Ë¡’√—»¡’∞“π 2 ‡´π쑇¡μ√ ·≈– 5 ‡´π쑇¡μ√ ¡“À≈Õ¡‡ªìπ≈Ÿ°∫“»°å
¬“«¥â“π≈– 2 ‡´π쑇¡μ√ ·≈â«®–‰¥â≈Ÿ°∫“»°å∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ 143 ≈Ÿ° ®ßÀ“«à“°√«¬‚≈À–
ª≈“¬μ—¥π’È¡’§«“¡ Ÿß°’ˇ´π쑇¡μ√ (°”Àπ¥ π = 22)
7
·π«§‘¥
A
Δ ABC ~ Δ ADE
2x
AB = 2x ¥—ßπ—Èπ BD = 3x
C
B
ª√‘¡“μ√°√«¬ª≈“¬μ—¥
1 π(5)2(5x) › 1 π22(2x) = 1 πx (125 › 8) ≈∫.´¡.
3x
3
3
3
E

D
5 ´¡.

= 1173πx ≈∫.´¡.
π”¡“À≈Õ¡‡ªìπ≈Ÿ°∫“»°å¬“«¥â“π≈– 2 ´¡. ‰¥â 143 ≈Ÿ°
ª√‘¡“μ√°√«¬ª≈“¬μ—¥ 117πx = 23 Ó 143 ≈∫.´¡.
3
143 Ó 3 Ó 7 ´¡.
x = 8 Ó 117
Ó 22
3x = 28 3Ó 3 ´¡.
°√«¬‚≈À–ª≈“¬μ—¥¡’§«“¡ Ÿß 28 ‡´π쑇¡μ√

μÕ∫ 28 ‡´π쑇¡μ√
16. ∂â“ a + b + c = 4 ·≈– 1 + 1 + 1 = 0 ·≈â« a2 + b2 + c2 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
a b c
·π«§‘¥
®“° a + b + c
= 4
®–‰¥â a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2ac + 2bc = 16 ..................... ➊
·≈– a1 + b1 + c1 = 0
®–‰¥â bc + ac + ab = 0
2bc + 2ac + 2ab
= 0 𔉪·∑π„π ➊
®–‰¥â a2 + b2+ c2 + 0 = 16 π—Ëπ§◊Õ a2 + b2 + c2 = 16
μÕ∫ 16

106 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

106

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

17. °”Àπ¥ P ‡ªìπæ“√“‚∫≈“ y = x2 › 3x ∂â“ P′ ‰¥â®“°°“√‡≈◊ËÕπ P ¢π“π‰ª¢â“ß∫π
4 Àπ૬ ·≈–‰ª∑“ߴ⓬ 3 Àπ૬ ·≈– P′ ºà“π®ÿ¥ (› 2, 2a › 4 ) ·≈â« a ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
5
·π«§‘¥
y = x2 › 3x ‡≈◊ËÕπ·°π‰ª‡ªìπ√–¬–∑“ß (›3, 4)
¥—ßπ—Èπ y › 4 = (x + 3)2 › 3(x + 3)
= x2 + 6x + 9 › 3x › 9
y
= x2 + 3x + 4
ºà“π®ÿ¥ (›2, 2a › 4 ) ¥—ßπ—Èπ y = 2a › 4 = (›2)2 + 3(›2) + 4
5
5
2a › 4 = 5(4 + (›6) + 4)
2a = 5 Ó 2 + 4
a
= 142 = 7
μÕ∫ 7
18. §«“¡‡√Á«¢ÕßπÈ”∑’‰Ë À≈ºà“π°äÕ°∑’ÀË π÷ßË ·≈–°äÕ°∑’ Ë Õß ‡ªìπÕ—μ√“ à«π 2 : 3 ∂Ⓡªî¥°äÕ°∑’ Ë Õß
·≈–°äÕ°∑’Ë “¡æ√âÕ¡°—π ·≈â«πÈ”®–‰À≈‡¢â“∂—ß≈Ÿ°∫“»°å´÷Ëß°«â“ߥâ“π≈– 1.2 ‡¡μ√ ‚¥¬„™â
‡«≈“ 20 π“∑’ ®÷ß®–‡μÁ¡∂—ß ·≈–∂Ⓡªî¥°äÕ°∑’ËÀπ÷Ëß°—∫°äÕ°∑’Ë “¡æ√âÕ¡°—π ·≈â«πÈ”®–‰À≈
ÕÕ°®“°∂—ߥ—ß°≈à“«‚¥¬„π‡«≈“ 5 π“∑’ ®–‡À≈◊ÕπÈ” 45 ¢Õß∂—ß ®ßÀ“«à“πÈ”‰À≈ºà“π°äÕ°∑’Ë “¡
¥â«¬§«“¡‡√Á«°’Ë≈‘μ√μàÕπ“∑’
·π«§‘¥
°äÕ°∑’Ë 1 πÈ”‰À≈ 2x ≈‘μ√/π“∑’
°äÕ°∑’Ë 2 πÈ”‰À≈ 3x ≈‘μ√/π“∑’
°äÕ°∑’Ë 3 πÈ”‰À≈ y ≈‘μ√/π“∑’
‡ªî¥°äÕ°∑’Ë 2 ·≈– 3 πÈ”‰À≈ 3x + y ≈‘μ√/π“∑’ „™â‡«≈“ 20 π“∑’
πÈ”‰À≈‡¢â“ 20(3x + y) = 1.2 Ó 1.2 Ó 1.2 Ó 1000 ≈‘μ√
3x + y = 86.4 ...................... ➊
‡ªî¥°äÕ°∑’Ë 1 ·≈– 3 æ√âÕ¡°—∫πÈ”‰À≈ 2x + y ≈‘μ√/π“∑’
„™â‡«≈“ 5 π“∑’ πÈ”‰À≈ 5(2x + y) = 15 Ó 1.2 Ó 1.2 Ó 1.2 Ó 1000 ≈‘μ√

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

107

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

107

2x + y = 69.12 ..................... ➋
x = 17.28 ≈‘μ√
y = 69.12 › 34.56 ≈‘μ√
= 34.56 ≈‘μ√
μ√«®§”μÕ∫ ‡ªî¥°äÕ° 2 ·≈– 3 πÈ”‰À≈ 3 Ó 17.28 + 34.56 = 86.4 ≈‘μ√/π“∑’
‡«≈“ 20 π“∑’ πÈ”‰À≈ 86.4 Ó 20 = 1728.0 = 12 Ó 12 Ó 12 ≈‘μ√
‡ªî¥°äÕ°∑’Ë 1 ·≈– 3 æ√âÕ¡°—∫πÈ”‰À≈ 2 Ó 17.28 + 34.56 = 69.12 ≈‘μ√/π“∑’
‡«≈“ 5 π“∑’ πÈ”‰À≈ 5 Ó 69.12 = 345.6 ≈‘μ√ ‡ªìπ 12 Ó345.6
12 Ó 12 = 0.2 ¢Õß∂—ß
‡À≈◊ÕπÈ” 1 › 0.2 = 0.8 = 4 ¢Õß∂—ß
5
¥—ßπ—Èπ °äÕ°∑’Ë 3 πÈ”‰À≈¥â«¬§«“¡‡√Á« 34.56 ≈‘μ√/π“∑’
μÕ∫ 34.56 ≈‘μ√/π“∑’
19. °√–¥“πÀ¡“°√ÿ°°√–¥“πÀπ÷Ë߉¥â√—∫°“√√–∫“¬ ’μ“¡™àÕ߬àÕ¬ Ê ¥â«¬ ’¢“«À√◊Õ ’πÈ”‡ß‘π
™àÕß≈–Àπ÷Ëß ’‡∑à“π—Èπ ‚¥¬æ∫«à“„π∑ÿ°√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡º◊πºâ“∑’Ë¡’ 6 ™àÕ߬àÕ¬ (¢π“¥ 2 Ó 3 À√◊Õ
3 Ó 2) ®–¡’ 2 ™àÕ߬àÕ¬‡ªìπ ’πÈ”‡ß‘π  à«π∑’ˇÀ≈◊Õ‡ªìπ ’¢“«‡ ¡Õ ∂â“°√–¥“ππ’È¡’¢π“¥
9 Ó 11 ·≈â«®–¡’™àÕ߬àÕ¬∑’ˇªìπ ’πÈ”‡ß‘π∑—ÈßÀ¡¥°’Ë™àÕß
·π«§‘¥

μÕ∫ 33 ™àÕß

108 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

108

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

20. ®“°√Ÿª«ß°≈¡ O ·≈–«ß°≈¡ P μ—¥°—π∑’®Ë ¥ÿ C ·≈– D ‚¥¬¡’‡ âπμ√ß AB ‡ªìπ‡ âπ —¡º— √à«¡
^ ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
^ = 107 Ì ·≈â« ADB
∂â“ ACB
A
C
O

B
P

D
·π«§‘¥
≈“° CD ®–‰¥â Δ ACD ·≈– Δ BCD ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡∑’Ë·π∫„π«ß°≈¡
^ = ADC
^ ¡ÿ¡∑’ˇ âπ —¡º— ®√¥°—∫§Õ√奡’¢π“¥‡∑à“°—∫¡ÿ¡„π
1. BAC
^  à«π‚§âßμ√ߢⓡ
^ = BDC
107 Ì
2. ABC
A
^ = 107 Ì
3. ACB
°”Àπ¥„Àâ
C
B
^ + ACB
^ = 180 Ì º≈∫«°¡ÿ¡¿“¬„π√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡
^ + ABC
4. BAC
O
P
^ = 73 Ì
^ + ABC
5. BAC
®“°¢âÕ 3, 4
^ + BDC
^ + ABC
^ = ADC
^ ®“°¢âÕ 1, 2  ¡∫—μ‘°“√‡∑à“°—π
D
6. ·μà BAC
^ + BDC
^ = 73 Ì
7. ¥—ßπ—Èπ ADC
®“°¢âÕ 5, 6
μÕ∫ 73 Õß»“

}

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

109

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

109

μÕπ∑’Ë 2
^ = 66 Ì, D ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π AB,
21. ∂â“ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡Àπâ“®—Ë«∑’Ë¡’ AB = AC, BAC
E ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π AC ∑”„Àâ DE = BD + CE ·≈– I ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π BC ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ DI ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß
^ ·≈â« DIE
^ ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
BDE
·π«§‘¥
A

(

66 Ì

(

(

D

M
E

(

(

57 Ì
B

(

57 Ì

I

57 Ì C

„Àâ M ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π DE ∑”„Àâ BD = MD
≈“° IM
®–‰¥â Δ DBI ≅ Δ DMI (¥.¡.¥.)
^
^ = 57 Ì ·≈– BID
^ = MID
¥—ßπ—Èπ DMI
·≈– EM = EC
^ + ECI
^ = 180 Ì
IME
¥—ßπ—Èπ IMEC ·π∫„π«ß°≈¡
^
^
EIM
= EIC
^ = MID
^ + EIM
^ = 180 Ì = 90 Ì
‡æ√“–©–π—Èπ DIE
2
μÕ∫ 90 Õß»“

110 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

110

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

B

22. °”Àπ¥ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡Àπâ“®—Ë«∑’Ë¡’ AB = AC, P ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π¥â“π AC ·≈– Q
^ ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π¥â“π AB ∑”„Àâ AP = PQ = QB = BC ·≈â« BAC
·π«§‘¥
A
≈“° QR æ∫ AC ∑’Ë R
^ = 4θ
„Àâ QP = QR ·≈– QAP

^ = QRP
^ = 8θ
®–‰¥â QPR
P
^ = 180 Ì › (4θ + 180 Ì › 16θ) = 12θ
BQR
^ = 90 Ì › 6θ
^ = QRB
䴉 QBR
^ = 180 Ì › (90 Ì › 6θ) › 8θ = 90 Ì › 2θ
Q
¥—ßπ—Èπ BRC
^ = 180 Ì › 4θ = 90 Ì › 2θ
R
·≈– BCR
2
®–‰¥â
BR = BC
C
¥—ßπ—Èπ Δ BQR ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“
12θ = 60 Ì, 4θ = 20 Ì
^ = 20 Ì
‡æ√“–©–π—Èπ BAC
μÕ∫ 20 Õß»“
23. ∂â“ a, b, c ·≈– d ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß ´÷Ëß Õ¥§≈âÕß°—∫ ¡°“√
a = 82 › 58 › a
b = 82 + 58 › b
c = 82 › 58 + c
·≈– d = 82 + 58 + d ·≈â« abcd ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
= 82 › 58 › a
a2
(a2 › 82)2 = 58 › a
a4 › 164a2 + a + 6666 = 0
„π∑”πÕ߇¥’¬«°—π®–‰¥â b4 › 164b2 + b + 6666 = 0
c4 › 164c2 › c + 6666 = 0
d4 › 164d2 › d + 6666 = 0

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

111

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

111

®–‰¥â a, b, ›c, ›d ‡ªìπ§”μÕ∫¢Õß ¡°“√
x4 › 164x2 › x + 6666 = 0
¥—ßπ—Èπ abcd = 6666
μÕ∫ 6666
^ = 100 Ì, M ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥¿“¬„π∑”„Àâ
24. ∂â“ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡Àπâ“®—Ë«∑’Ë¡’ BAC
^ = 10 Ì ·≈– MCA
^ = 5 Ì ·≈â« BMA
^ ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
MBA
·π«§‘¥
A

E

M

10 Ì
30 Ì

B


30 Ì

D

C

≈“° AD ⊥ BC ∑’Ë D μ—¥ BM ∑’Ë E ≈“° CE
^ = 50 Ì
®–‰¥â CAD
^ = CEM
^ = 60 Ì
AEM
(¡ÿ¡¿“¬πÕ°√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¡’¢π“¥‡∑à“°—∫º≈∫«°
¢Õß¡ÿ¡¿“¬„π∑’ˉ¡à„™à¡ÿ¡ª√–™‘¥)
^
^
ACM = ECM = 5 Ì
¥—ßπ—Èπ M ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ߢÕß«ß°≈¡·π∫„π√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ AEC
^ = CAM
^
^ = 25 ‡æ√“– AM ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß EAC
©–π—Èπ EAM
^ = 180 Ì › 60 Ì › 25 Ì = 95 Ì
·≈– AME
μÕ∫ 95 Õß»“

112 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

112

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

^ = 81 Ì, CAD
^ = 27 Ì, ABD
^ = 36 Ì ·≈– CBD
^ = 30 Ì
25. ∂â“ √Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ ABCD ¡’ BAC
^ ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
·≈â« ADC
·π«§‘¥
D
36 Ì

C

24 Ì

A
81 Ì

54 Ì
66 Ì
66 Ì

E
36 Ì 30 Ì

B

^ = 36 Ì = ABD
^
BDA
∴ AB = AD
^ = 66 Ì
≈“° AE æ∫ BC ∑’Ë®ÿ¥ E „Àâ AEB
^ = 48 Ì
≈“° ED ®–‰¥â AB = AE ·≈– BAE

^ = ECA
^ = 33 Ì AE = CE
EAC
^ = 60 Ì ·≈– AE = AD
EAD
®–‰¥â Δ ADE ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“
䴉 AD = AE = ED
^ = ECD
^ = 180 Ì › 54 Ì = 63 Ì
∴ EDC
2
^ = 123 Ì
ADC
μÕ∫ 123 Õß»“

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

113

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

113

26. √Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC ·π∫„π«ß°≈¡ O ‚¥¬¡’ P ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ß OA ·≈– Q ‡ªìπ
^ ¡’¢π“¥‡ªìπ 4 ‡∑à“¢Õß¢π“¥¢Õß OPQ
^ ·≈– ACB
^ ¡’¢π“¥‡ªìπ
®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ß BC ∂â“ ABC
^ ·≈â« OPQ
^ ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
6 ‡∑à“¢Õß¢π“¥¢Õß OPQ
·π«§‘¥
A

P
O
B

Q

C

^ = x ®–‰¥â ABC
^ = 4x ·≈– ACB
^ = 6x
„Àâ OPQ
^ = 8x
≈“° OC ®–‰¥â AOC
^ = OCA
^ = 90 Ì › 4x
OAC
^ = 10x › 90 Ì
¥—ßπ—Èπ
OCQ
^ = 180 Ì › 10x
QOC
^ = 180 Ì › 2x
¥—ßπ—Èπ
POQ
^ = x
OQP

OP = OQ = OC
2
^ = 30 Ì = 10x

OCQ
› 90 Ì
x
= 12 Ì
μÕ∫ 12 Õß»“

114 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

114

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

27. °”Àπ¥„Àâ AB ‡ªìπ‡ âπºà“π»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß«ß°≈¡∑’Ë¡’√—»¡’ 99 Àπ૬ ·≈– P ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥¿“¬„π
^ ≤ 135 Ì (μÕ∫„π√Ÿª¢Õß π)
®ßÀ“§«“¡πà“®–‡ªìπ∑’Ë APB
·π«§‘¥
D

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(

P

A

„Àâ C ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß√—»¡’ BC
‡¢’¬π à«π‚§âß ‡≈◊Õ°®ÿ¥ P ∫π à«π‚§âß
∑’Ë∑”„Àâ
^ = 135 Ì
APB
BC = 99 2

B

C
æ◊Èπ∑’ˇ´°‡¡πμå AB = 14 π(99 2)2 › 12 Ó (99 2)2
π(99)2 › 2 æ◊Èπ∑’ˇ´°‡¡πμå AB
2 Ó 992
π Ó 992
2 Ó 992
2

æ◊Èπ∑’Ë·√‡ß“ =
=
n(S) =
n(E) =
∴ p(E) =
π
μÕ∫ 2
π

28. °”Àπ¥„Àâ (x1, y1), (x2, y2) ·≈– (x3, y3) ‡ªìπ§”μÕ∫¢Õß√–∫∫ ¡°“√
x3 › 3xy2 = 1999
y3 › 3x2y = 1998
·≈â«
1
¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
x1
x2
x3
(1 › y )(1 › y )(1 › y )
1

2

3

·π«§‘¥
3
2
x3 › 3xy2 › 1999
1998 (y › 3x y) = 0
2
2 1999 3
x3 + 1999
1998 .3x y › 3xy › 1998 y = 0
‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

115

12/9/08, 10:35 AM

115

π” y3 À“√∑—Èß ¡°“√
x )2 › 3(x ) › 1999 = 0
( xy )3 + 5997
(
1998 y
y 1998
x x x
®–¡’ y1 , y2 , y3 ‡ªìπ§”μÕ∫¢Õß ¡°“√
1 2 3
2 › 3a › 1999
„Àâ P(a) = a3 + 5997
a
1998
1998
x1 x2
x3
¡’
a = y , y ·≈– y
1 2
3
3
2 › 3(1 › a) › 1999
P(1 › a) = (1 › a) + 5997
(1

a)
1998
1998
x1
x2
x3
¡’§”μÕ∫¢Õß P(1 › a) = 0 §◊Õ 1 › y , 1 › y , 1 › y
1
2
3
x1
x2
x3
®–‰¥â (1 › y )(1 › y )(1 › y ) = 1 + 5997
› 3 › 1999
1998
1998
1
2
3
= 1
999
1
¥—ßπ—Èπ
= 999
x1
x
x
(1 › y )(1 › y2 )(1 › y3)
1
2
3
μÕ∫ 999

116 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

116

12/9/08, 10:35 AM

29. ∂â“°”Àπ¥√–∫∫ ¡°“√
10x2 + 5y2 › 2xy › 38x › 6y + 41 = 0
3x2 › 2y2 + 5xy › 17x › 6y + 20 = 0
·≈â«§à“¢Õß x3 + y3 ‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
®“°√–∫∫ ¡°“√®–‰¥â
7x2 + 7y2 › 7xy › 21x + 21 = 0
x2 › xy + y2 › 3x + 3
= 0
2
2
3x 6x
2
( x4 › 2xy
2 + y) + ( 4 › 2 + 3) = 0
= 0
( x › y)2 + 3( x › 1)2
2
2
®”π«π®√‘ß a , a2 ≥ 0
∴ x › y = 0 ·≈– x2 › 1 = 0
2
x = 2, y = 1
¥—ßπ—Èπ x3 + y3 = 9
μÕ∫ 9

30. ∂â“°”Àπ¥√–∫∫ ¡°“√
a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + an = 96
a12 + a22 + a32 + ... + an2 = 144
a13 + a23 + a33 + ... + an3 = 216
‡¡◊ËÕ ai ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß∫«°  ”À√—∫∑ÿ° i = 1, 2, 3, ..., n ·≈â« a14 + a24 + a34 + ... + an4
¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
(a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + an)(a13 + a23 + a33 + ... + an3) = 96 Ó 216 = (144)2
∴(a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + an)(a13 + a23 + a33 + ... + an3) = (a12 + a22 +
a32 + ... + an2)2
®–‰¥â a1 = a2 = a3 = ... = an

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 89-118

117

12/9/08, 10:35 AM

117

¥—ßπ—Èπ na1 = 96
na12 = 144
na13 = 216
(na12 )(na13) 144 Ó 216
=
96
na1
na14 = 324
∴ a14 + a24 + a34 + ... + an4 = 324
μÕ∫ 324

118 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 89-118

118

12/9/08, 10:35 AM

μ—«Õ¬à“ß
·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 (©∫—∫∑’Ë 2)
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2550
§”™’È·®ß
1. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫
2. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’È¡’®”π«π 30 ¢âÕ ·∫à߇ªìπ 2 μÕπ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ®”π«π 20 ¢âÕ Ê ≈– 3 §–·ππ √«¡ 60 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ®”π«π 10 ¢âÕ Ê ≈– 4 §–·ππ √«¡ 40 §–·ππ
3. ‡«≈“∑’Ë„™â„π°“√ Õ∫ „™â‡«≈“ 1 ™—Ë«‚¡ß 30 π“∑’

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

119

12/9/08, 10:37 AM

119

μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 (©∫—∫∑’Ë 2)
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2550

§”™’È·®ß ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ ¡’ 2 μÕπ ¥—ßπ’È
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ®”π«π 20 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 3 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ®”π«π 10 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 4 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1
2
2
2
2
1. ( 22 ) ( 2 3 ) ( 24 ) ... ( 2007
¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
2 ›1 3 ›1 4 ›1
20072 › 1 )

2. °”Àπ¥ x ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡´÷Ëß Õ¥§≈âÕß°—∫ ¡°“√ x + 4 x › 4 + x › 4 x › 4 = 4
º≈∫«°¢Õß§à“ x ∑—ÈßÀ¡¥‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
3. ∂â“ m ∗ n = m + n ·≈â« ((...(2550 ∗ 2549) ∗ 2548) ∗ ... ∗ 1) ∗ 0 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
mn + 4
4. ®ß‡¢’¬π§ŸàÕ—π¥—∫ (x, y) ∑’Ë ¡“™‘°·μà≈–μ—«Õ¬Ÿà„π√Ÿª‡≈¢¬°°”≈—ß ‚¥¬∑’Ë x ‡ªìπ®”π«π
∑’Ë¡“° ÿ¥¢Õß 235, 515 ·≈– 614 ·≈– y ‡ªìπ®”π«π∑’ËπâÕ¬∑’Ë ÿ¥¢Õß “¡®”π«ππ’È
5. ‡≈¢‚¥¥À≈—ß®ÿ¥∑»π‘¬¡μ”·Àπàß∑’Ë 8884 ¢Õß 88
97 ‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
6. ∂â“æÀÿπ“¡ P(x) ∑’Ë¡’¥’°√’ 4 ·≈–¡’ ¡∫—μ‘¥—ßμàÕ‰ªπ’È
P(0) = 0, P(1) = P(›1) = P(2) = P(›2) = 1 ·≈â« P(5) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
7. ‡¢’¬π®”π«π 365 ®”π«π√Õ∫«ß°≈¡ ®”π«π∑’Ë 88 §◊Õ 7 ®”π«π∑’Ë 111 §◊Õ 2 ®”π«π∑’Ë 224
§◊Õ 1 ®”π«π∑’Ë 365 §◊Õ 5 ∂⓺≈∫«°¢Õß∑ÿ° 60 ®”π«π∑’ˇ√’¬ßμ‘¥μàÕ°—π¡’§à“‡ªìπ 216 ‡ ¡Õ
·≈â«®”π«π∑’Ë 122 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

120 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 119-152

120

12/9/08, 10:37 AM

^ = 80 Ì, M ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥¿“¬„π
8. ∂â“ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡Àπâ“®—Ë«∑’Ë¡’ AB = AC, BAC
^ = 30 Ì ·≈â« MBA
^ ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
^ = 20 Ì ·≈– MCA
∑’Ë∑”„Àâ MAC

9. °”Àπ¥ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“∑’Ë¡’ P ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥¿“¬„π∑”„Àâ PA = 6 Àπ૬
PB = 8 Àπ૬ ·≈– PC = 10 Àπ૬ √Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC ¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë°’Ëμ“√“ßÀπ૬
10. ®“°√Ÿª BO ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß¡ÿ¡ CBA, CO ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß¡ÿ¡ ACB ·≈– MN ºà“π O ¢π“π°—∫ BC
∂â“ AB = 12 Àπ૬ BC = 24 Àπ૬ ·≈– AC = 18 Àπ૬ ·≈⫧«“¡¬“«‡ âπ√Õ∫√Ÿª
√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ AMN ¡’§à“°’ËÀπ૬
A
O

M
B

N
C

11. °”Àπ¥ P(x) ‡ªì π æÀÿ π “¡ ‚¥¬∑’Ë P(x) = x 4 + ax 3 + bx 2 + cx + d
∂â“ P(1) = 6, P(›2) = 3, P(3) = ›2 ·≈– P(›4) = ›9 ·≈â« |P(4) + 4)| ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
12. °”Àπ¥ x1, x2, x3, ..., x100 ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß∫«° ´÷Ëß∑”„Àâ
x1 + x1 = 1, x2 + 1 = 4, x3 + 1 = 1, ... , x99 + 1 = 1 ·≈– x100 + 1 = 4
x3
x4
x100
x1
2
·≈â« x1 + x2 + x3 + ... + x100 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
= 4
13. ∂â“ x1 + 4x2 + 9x3 + 16x4 + 25x5 + 36x6 + 49x7
4x1 + 9x2 + 16x3 + 25x4 + 36x5 + 49x6 + 64x7
= 44
= 444
9x1 + 16x2 + 25x3 + 36x4 + 49x5 + 64x6 + 81x7
·≈â« 16x1 + 25x2 + 36x3 + 49x4 + 64x5 + 81x6 + 100x7 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

121

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121

14. ®“°√Ÿª ABC, DEF ·≈– PQR ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“ ‚¥¬∑’Ë AD = BD ·≈â«æ◊Èπ∑’Ë
√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC ‡ªìπ°’ˇ∑à“¢Õßæ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ PQR
A
D

P F
Q

B

R
E

C

15. ∂â“√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ ABCD ¡’®ÿ¥¬Õ¥Õ¬Ÿà∫π‡ âπ√Õ∫«ß¢Õß«ß°≈¡∑’Ë¡’ O ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß
^ = 18 Ì, BDC
^ = 50 Ì ·≈â« OBD
^
‚¥¬∑’Ë AC ‡ªìπ‡ âπºà“π»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ߢÕß«ß°≈¡ ·≈– CAD
¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
16. ∂â“ 7x + y = 21 ·≈– 32x + y = 1 ·≈â« 3(7x + 1 + 7y › 2) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
17. °”Àπ¥ ¡°“√ 15x + 14y = 7 ∂â“ x ∑’ˇªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∑’Ë¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥ ´÷Ëߪ√–°Õ∫¥â«¬ ¡“™‘°
4 À≈—° ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ (x, y) ‡ªìπ§”μÕ∫¢Õß ¡°“√π’È ‡¡◊ËÕ y ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡ ·≈â« x ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
18. °”Àπ¥„Àâ n ·≈– d ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«° ∂â“ d À“√ 13n + 6 ·≈– 12n + 5 ≈ßμ—«
·≈⫺≈∫«°¢Õß§à“ d ∑’ˇªìπ‰ª‰¥â∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
19. √ŸªÀ≈“¬‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“¡ÿ¡‡∑à“√ŸªÀπ÷Ëß ¡’‡ âπ∑·¬ß¡ÿ¡∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ 20 ‡ âπ ·≈–·π∫„π
«ß°≈¡√—»¡’ 2 Àπ૬ √ŸªÀ≈“¬‡À≈’ˬ¡π’È¡’æ◊Èπ∑’ˇ∑à“„¥
20. √Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ ABCD ¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë 2,550 μ“√“ßÀπ૬ ‚¥¬∑’Ë P, Q, R ·≈– S ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ߥâ“π
∂â“√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ BNMP ·≈–√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ DTOR ¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë 123 ·≈– 456 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
μ“¡≈”¥—∫ ·≈â«æ◊Èπ∑’Ë¢Õß√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ MNOT ‡∑à“°—∫°’Ëμ“√“ßÀπ૬

122 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

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μÕπ∑’Ë 2
21. ·∫∫®”≈Õß CH4 ·π∫„π∑√߇À≈’ˬ¡ ’ËÀπâ“ ‚¥¬∑’Ë·μà≈–ÀπⓇªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“
∑’ˬ“«¥â“π≈– 6 6 Àπ૬ ·μà≈–ÀπⓇ∑à“°—π∑ÿ°ª√–°“√ ·≈–¡’ H Õ¬Ÿà∑’Ë®ÿ¥¡ÿ¡ ·≈â«·¢π
C › H ¬“«‡∑à“„¥
22. ∂â“ (x2 › x + 1)3(x3 + 2x2 + 2x + 1)5 = a21x21 + a20x20 + a19x19+ ... + a2x2 + a1x + a0
‡¡◊ËÕ ai ‡ªìπ§à“§ß∑’Ë ·≈â« a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + a10 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
23. ∂â“

2 + x + 2 › x = 2 ·≈â« x ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
2+ 2+x 2› 2›x

24. ∂â“ x, y ·≈– z ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß ∑’Ë Õ¥§≈âÕß°—∫√–∫∫ ¡°“√ x + 2y + 3z = 13
x2 + 4y2 + 9z2 + 3x › 2y + 15z = 82 ·≈â« xyz + x + y + z ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
25. ∂â“ a2 › 2a = ›1, b2 › 3b = 1 ·≈– c2 › 4c = ›1 ·≈â« 3a3 › b3 + c3 + 33 + 13 +
a b
1 + 200 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
3
c
26. °”Àπ¥„Àâ a, b, c ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«° ∂â“ a + b + c = 20 = ab + bc › ca › b2 ·≈â«
º≈∫«°¢Õß§à“ abc ∑’ˇªìπ‰ª‰¥â∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
27. √Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC ¡’ D, E ·≈– F ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π¥â“π BC ∑”„Àâ AD ⊥ BC, AE ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß
^ ·≈– BF = CF ∂â“ BAD
^ + 4ACB
^ = DAE
^ = EAF
^ = FAC
^ ·≈â« BAC
^ + 2ABC
^
BAC
¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
28. ∂â“°”Àπ¥√–∫∫ ¡°“√
abc + ab + bc + ca + a + b + c
bcd + bc + cd + db + b + c + d
cda + cd + da + ac + c + d + a
dab + da + ab + bd + d + a + b
·≈â« abcd + a + b + c + d ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

=
=
=
=

71
191
95
143

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

123

12/9/08, 10:37 AM

123

29. ∂â“°”Àπ¥√–∫∫ ¡°“√
x1 + x2 + x3 = 4,
x4 + x5 + x6 = 12,
x7 + x8 + x9 = 23,
x10 + x1 + x2 = 36
·≈â« 3x1 + 4x10 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥

x2 + x3 + x4 = 6,
x5 + x6 + x7 = 15,
x8 + x9 + x10 = 27,

x3 + x4 + x5 = 8,
x6 + x7 + x8 = 19,
x9 + x10 + x1 = 30,

^ = CAD
^ = 66 Ì, BCA
^ = 15 Ì ·≈– ACD
^ = 9Ì
30. ∂â“ ABCD ‡ªìπ√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ ¡’ BAC
^ + ADB
^ ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·≈â« 2ABD

124 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 119-152

124

12/9/08, 10:37 AM

μ—«Õ¬à“ß
·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 (©∫—∫∑’Ë 2)
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2550
§”™’È·®ß
1. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫
2. ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’È¡’®”π«π 30 ¢âÕ ·∫à߇ªìπ 2 μÕπ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ®”π«π 20 ¢âÕ Ê ≈– 3 §–·ππ √«¡ 60 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ®”π«π 10 ¢âÕ Ê ≈– 4 §–·ππ √«¡ 40 §–·ππ
3. ‡«≈“∑’Ë„™â„π°“√ Õ∫ „™â‡«≈“ 1 ™—Ë«‚¡ß 30 π“∑’

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

125

12/9/08, 10:37 AM

125

μ—«Õ¬à“ß·π«§‘¥·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 (©∫—∫∑’Ë 2)
‡æ◊ËÕ°“√§—¥‡≈◊Õ°π—°‡√’¬π√–¥—∫ª√–‡∑» ªï æ.». 2550

§”™’È·®ß ·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫©∫—∫π’ȇªìπ·∫∫‡μ‘¡§”μÕ∫ §–·ππ‡μÁ¡ 100 §–·ππ ¡’ 2 μÕπ ¥—ßπ’È
μÕπ∑’Ë 1 ®”π«π 20 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 3 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 2 ®”π«π 10 ¢âÕ ¢âÕ≈– 4 §–·ππ
μÕπ∑’Ë 1
2
2
2
2
1. ( 22 ) ( 23 ) ( 24 ) ... ( 2,007
¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
2 ›1 3 ›1 4 ›1
2,0072 › 1)
·π«§‘¥
22 = ( 2 )( 2 ) ®–‰¥â
‡π◊ËÕß®“°
22 › 1
2› 1 2+ 1
2
2
2
2,0072 = (2 ⋅ 2)( 3 ⋅ 3 )( 4 ⋅ 4 ) ... (2,007 ⋅ 2,007)
( 222› 1 ) ( 32 3› 1 )( 424› 1 ) ... (2,007
2 › 1)
1 3 2 4 3 5
2,006 2,008
2 2,007
= ( 1 )( 2,008 )
2,007
= 1,004
μÕ∫ 2,007
1,004

126 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 119-152

126

12/9/08, 10:38 AM

2. °”Àπ¥ x ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡´÷Ëß Õ¥§≈âÕß°—∫ ¡°“√ x + 4 x › 4 + x › 4 x › 4 = 4
º≈∫«°¢Õß§à“ x ∑—ÈßÀ¡¥‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
(x › 4) + 4 x › 4 + 4 + (x › 4) › 4 x › 4 + 4 = 4
⏐ x › 4 + 2⏐+⏐ x › 4 › 2⏐= 4
®–‰¥â x ≥ 4 ·≈– x › 4 + 2 + 2 › x › 4 = 4 ®√‘ß
¥—ßπ—Èπ 2 › x › 4 ≥ 0
®–‰¥â x ≤ 8
©–π—Èπ x = 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
º≈∫«°§◊Õ 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 = 30
μÕ∫ 30
3. ∂â“ m ∗ n = m + n ·≈â« (...(2550 ∗ 2549) ∗ 2548) ∗ ... ∗ 1) ∗ 0 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
mn + 4
·π«§‘¥
m+2 = 1
m ∗ 2 = 2m
+4 2
1 +1
2
∗0
(...(2550 ∗ 2549) ∗ 2548) ∗ ... ∗ 1) ∗ 0 =
1 +4
2
1
= 3∗0

( )

=

1
3
4

= 121
μÕ∫ 1
12

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

127

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127

4. ®ß‡¢’¬π§ŸàÕ—π¥—∫ (x, y) ∑’Ë ¡“™‘°·μà≈–μ—«Õ¬Ÿà„π√Ÿª‡≈¢¬°°”≈—ß ‚¥¬∑’Ë x ‡ªìπ®”π«π
∑’Ë¡“° ÿ¥¢Õß 235, 515 ·≈– 614 ·≈– y ‡ªìπ®”π«π∑’ËπâÕ¬∑’Ë ÿ¥¢Õß “¡®”π«ππ’È
·π«§‘¥
‡æ√“–«à“ 235 = (25)7 = 327
614 = (62)7 = 367
®–‰¥â
614 > 235
‡æ√“–«à“ 515 = (53)5 = 1255
235 = (27)5 = 1285
®–‰¥â
235 > 515
π—Ëπ§◊Õ 614 ¡’§à“¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥ ·≈ 515 ¡’§à“πâÕ¬∑’Ë ÿ¥
μÕ∫ (614, 515)
5. ‡≈¢‚¥¥À≈—ß®ÿ¥∑»π‘¬¡μ”·Àπàß∑’Ë 8,884 ¢Õß 88
97 ‡ªìπ‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
®–‰¥â 88
97 ‡ªìπ∑»π‘¬¡´È” ´÷Ëß¡’μ—«‡≈¢‚¥¥´È”‡ªìπ™ÿ¥ Ê ≈– 96 μ—«
‡π◊ËÕß®“° 8,884
= 96(92) + 52
¥—ßπ—Èπ μ—«‡≈¢‚¥¥„πμ”·Àπàß∑’Ë 8,884 ¢Õß 88
97 ®–μ√ß°—∫μ—«‡≈¢‚¥¥„πμ”·Àπàß
∑’Ë 52 ¢Õß 88
97
88
„Àâ
= 0.d⋅1 d2 d3 ... d⋅96
97
®–‰¥â

¥—ßπ—Èπ
μÕ∫ 7

d1 + d49
d2 + d50
d3 + d51
d4 + d52
d4
d52

=
=
=
=
=
=

9
9
9
9
2
7

128 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

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128

12/9/08, 10:38 AM

6. ∂â“æÀÿπ“¡ P(x) ∑’Ë¡’¥’°√’ 4 ·≈–¡’ ¡∫—μ‘¥—ßμàÕ‰ªπ’È
P(0) = 0, P(1) = P(›1) = P(2) = P(›2) = 1 ·≈â« P(5) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
‡π◊ËÕß®“°æÀÿπ“¡ P(x) ¡’¥’°√’ 4
¥—ßπ—Èπ P(X) Õ¬Ÿà„π√Ÿª P(X) = ax4 + bx3 + cx2 + dx + e
„Àâ Q(x) ‡ªìπæÀÿπ“¡∑’Ë°”À𥂥¬ Q(1) = Q(›1) = Q(2) = Q(›2) = 0
Q(x) = c(x › 1)(x + 1)(x › 2)(x + 2) ‡¡◊ËÕ c ‡ªìπ§à“§ßμ—«
¥—ßπ—Èπ
®“°‡ß◊ËÕπ‰¢ ®–‰¥â«à“ P(x) = Q(x) + 1
·≈–
P(0) = 0 = c(›1)(1)(›2)(2) + 1
®–‰¥â«à“ 4c + 1 = 0 ¥—ßπ—Èπ c = › 14
©–π—Èπ
¥—ßπ—Èπ

P(x) = › 14 (x › 1)(x + 1)(x › 2)(x + 2) + 1
P(5) = › 14 (5 › 1)(5 + 1)(5 › 2)(5 + 2) + 1
= › 14 (4)(6)(3)(7) + 1
= ›126 + 1
= ›125

μÕ∫ ›125

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

129

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129

7. ‡¢’¬π®”π«π 365 ®”π«π√Õ∫«ß°≈¡ ®”π«π∑’Ë 88 §◊Õ 7 ®”π«π∑’Ë 111 §◊Õ 2 ®”π«π∑’Ë 224
§◊Õ 1 ®”π«π∑’Ë 365 §◊Õ 5 ∂⓺≈∫«°¢Õß∑ÿ° 60 ®”π«π∑’ˇ√’¬ßμ‘¥μàÕ°—π¡’§à“‡ªìπ 216 ‡ ¡Õ
·≈â«®”π«π∑’Ë 122 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
À.√.¡. ¢Õß 60 °—∫ 365 ‡ªìπ 5
μ“¡∑ƒ…Æ’√—ßπ°æ‘√“∫ ®–‰¥âº≈∫«°¢Õß®”π«π 5 ®”π«π∑’ˇ√’¬ßμ‘¥°—π∑ÿ°™ÿ¥¡’§à“§ß∑’Ë
®”π«π∑’Ë 88 ‡∑à“°—∫®”π«π∑’Ë 3 §◊Õ 7
®”π«π∑’Ë 111 ‡∑à“°—∫®”π«π∑’Ë 1 §◊Õ 2
®”π«π∑’Ë 224 ‡∑à“°—∫®”π«π∑’Ë 4 §◊Õ 1
®”π«π∑’Ë 365 ‡∑à“°—∫®”π«π∑’Ë 5 §◊Õ 5
º≈∫«°¢Õß®”π«π 5 ®”π«π∑’ˇ√’¬ßμ‘¥μàÕ°—π‡ªìπ 216 = 18
12
¥—ßπ—Èπ ®”π«π∑’Ë 2 §◊Õ 3 ·≈–®”π«π∑’Ë 122 §◊Õ 3
μÕ∫ 3
^ = 80 Ì, M ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥¿“¬„π
8. ∂â“ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡Àπâ“®—Ë«∑’Ë¡’ AB = AC, BAC
^ = 20 Ì ·≈– MCA
^ = 30 Ì ·≈â« MBA
^ ¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
∑’Ë∑”„Àâ MAC
·π«§‘¥
A
^ = CBO
^ = 10 Ì
 √â“ß ≈“° AO ⊥ BC ∑’Ë X ∑”„Àâ BCO
M
B

X

C

O

^ = CAO
^ = 40 Ì
«‘∏’À“ 1. BAO
^ = ACB
^ = 180 Ì› 80 Ì
2. ABC
= 50 Ì
2
^ = MCO
^ = 30 Ì ·≈– MAC
^ = MAO
^ = 20 Ì
3. ACM
4. M ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß«ß°≈¡·π∫„π Δ AOC
^ ·≈– AOC
^ = 180 Ì › 40 Ì › 60 Ì = 80 Ì
5. MO ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß AOC
^ + MAO
^ = 40 Ì ·≈– BAM
^ = BAO
^ = 40 Ì + 20 Ì = 60 Ì
6. AOM
^ = AOC
^ = 80 Ì
7. ΔOXB ≅ ΔOXC ∑”„Àâ AOB
^ = MOA
^ + AOB
^ = 40 Ì + 80 Ì
8. MOB
^ = AOM
^ = 40 Ì
9.  ABOM ·π∫„π«ß°≈¡∑”„Àâ MBA
μÕ∫ 40 Ì

130 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

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130

12/9/08, 10:38 AM

9. °”Àπ¥ ABC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“∑’Ë¡’ P ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥¿“¬„π∑”„Àâ PA = 6 Àπ૬
PB = 8 Àπ૬ ·≈– PC = 10 Àπ૬ √Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC ¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë°’Ëμ“√“ßÀπ૬
·π«§‘¥
A
D
E
Δ ADC ‰¥â®“°°“√À¡ÿπ Δ APB ∑«π‡¢Á¡π“Ãî°“ 60 Õß»“ √Õ∫®ÿ¥ A
Δ BEA ‰¥â®“°°“√À¡ÿπ Δ BPC ∑«π‡¢Á¡π“Ãî°“ 60 Õß»“ √Õ∫®ÿ¥ B
P
Δ APC ‰¥â®“°°“√À¡ÿπ Δ BFC ∑«π‡¢Á¡π“Ãî°“ 60 Õß»“ √Õ∫®ÿ¥ C
2
2
2
B
C 2 (æ◊Èπ∑’Ë Δ ABC) = 34 (6 + 8 + 10 ) + 3 Ó 24
F
= 50 3 + 72
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë Δ ABC
= 36 + 25 3 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
μÕ∫ 36 + 25 3 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
10. ®“°√Ÿª BO ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß¡ÿ¡ CBA, CO ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß¡ÿ¡ ACB ·≈– MN ºà“π O ¢π“π°—∫ BC
∂â“ AB = 12 Àπ૬ BC = 24 Àπ૬ ·≈– AC = 18 Àπ૬ ·≈⫧«“¡¬“«‡ âπ√Õ∫√Ÿª
√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ AMN ¡’§à“°’ËÀπ૬
A
O

M
B

N
C

·π«§‘¥
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

^
BO ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß ABC
^ = OBC
^
MBO
NM // BC
^ = OBC
^
MOB
Δ BMO ‡ªìπ Δ Àπâ“®—Ë«
MB = MO
^
OC ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß BCA

(‚®∑¬å°”Àπ¥)
(®“°¢âÕ 1)
(‚®∑¬å°”Àπ¥)
(®“°¢âÕ 3 ¡ÿ¡·¬âß)
(®“°¢âÕ 4)
(®“°¢âÕ 5)
(‚®∑¬å°”Àπ¥)

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

131

12/9/08, 10:38 AM

131

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

^ = OCB
^
®–‰¥â NCO
^ = OCB
^
NOC
Δ ONC ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡Àπâ“®—Ë«
NO = NC
‡ âπ√Õ∫√Ÿª Δ AMN

∴ ‡ âπ√Õ∫√Ÿª Δ AMN
μÕ∫ 30 Àπ૬

(®“°¢âÕ 7)
(®“°¢âÕ 3 ¡ÿ¡·¬âß)
(®“°¢âÕ 9)
(®“°¢âÕ 3  ¡∫—μ‘¢Õß√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡Àπâ“®—Ë«)
= AM + MN + NA
= AM + MO + ON + AN
= AM + MB + NC + AN
= AB + AC
= 12 + 18 Àπ૬

11. °”Àπ¥ P(x) ‡ªì π æÀÿ π “¡‚¥¬∑’Ë P(x) = x 4 + ax 3 + bx 2 + cx + d
∂â“ P(1) = 6, P(›2) = 3, P(3) = ›2 ·≈– P(›4) = ›9 ·≈â« |P(4) + 4| ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
„Àâ
P(x) = Q(x) + 7 › x2
®–‰¥â P(1) = Q(1) + 7 › 12
6
= Q(1) + 6
¥—ßπ—Èπ Q(1) = 0
2
P(›2) = Q(›2) + 7 › (›2)
3
= Q(›2) + 3
¥—ßπ—Èπ Q(›2) = 0
2
P(3) = Q(3) + 7 › 3
›2 = Q(3) › 2
¥—ßπ—Èπ Q(3) = 0
2
P(›4) = Q(›4) + 7 › (›4)
›9 = Q(›4) › 9
¥—ßπ—Èπ Q(›4) = 0
· ¥ß«à“
(x › 1), (x + 2), (x › 3), (x + 4) ‡ªìπμ—«ª√–°Õ∫¢Õß Q(x)
π—Ëπ§◊Õ P(x) = (x › 1)(x + 2)(x › 3)(x + 4) + 7 › x2
P(4) = (4 › 1)(4 + 2)(4 › 3)(4 + 4) + 7 › 42
= (3)(6)(1)(8) + 7 › (4)2
= 144 + 7 › 16
= 135
¥—ßπ—Èπ |P(4) + 4| = 135 + 4 = 139
μÕ∫ 139
132 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 119-152

132

12/9/08, 10:38 AM

12. °”Àπ¥ x1, x2, x3, ..., x100 ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß∫«° ´÷Ëß∑”„Àâ
x1 + x1 = 1, x2 + x1 = 4, x3 + x1 = 1, ..., x99 + x 1 = 1 ·≈– x100 + x1 = 4
3

2

4

100

1

·≈â« x1 + x2 + x3 + ... + x100 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
x
x1 + x1 ≥ 2 x1
2
2
x
x2 + 1 ≥ 2 x2
x3
3
..
.
x
1
x99 + x ≥ 2 x 99
100
100
x
x100 + 1 ≥ 2 x100
x1
1
1
®–‰¥â (x1 + x1 ) (x2 + x1 ) ... ( x99 + x100 )( x100 + x1 ) ≥ 2100
2
3
1
®–‰¥â 450 ≥ 2100
2100 = 2100
x
∴ ®–‰¥â x1 + 1 = 2 1
x2

x2 + 1
x3
..
.
x100 + 1
x1

x2
x
= 2 x2
3

x
= 2 x100
1

;

x1 = 1
x2

;

x2 = 1
x3

;

x100 = x1
1

·∑π§à“·≈â«·°â ¡°“√®–‰¥â
x1 = x3 = x5 = ... = x99 = 12
x2 = x4 = x6 = ... = x100 = 2
x1 + x2 + x3 + ... + x100 = 125
μÕ∫ 125
‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

133

12/9/08, 10:38 AM

133

13. ∂â“ x1 + 4x2 + 9x3 + 16x4 + 25x5 + 36x6 + 49x7
= 4
4x1 + 9x2 + 16x3 + 25x4 + 36x5 + 49x6 + 64x7 = 44
9x1 + 16x2 + 25x3 + 36x4 + 49x5 + 64x6 + 81x7 = 444
·≈â« 16x1 + 25x2 + 36x3 + 49x4 + 64x5 + 81x6 + 100x7 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
= 4.........................➊
x1 + 4x2 + 9x3 + 16x4 + 25x5 + 36x6 + 49x7
4x1 + 9x2 + 16x3 + 25x4 + 36x5 + 49x6 + 64x7 = 44...................... ➋
9x1 + 16x2 + 25x3 + 36x4 + 49x5 + 64x6 + 81x7 = 444.................... ➌
➋ › ➊ 3x1 + 5x2 + 7x3 + 9x4 + 11x5 + 13x6 + 15x7 = 40...................... ➍
➌ › ➋ 5x1 + 7x2 + 9x3 + 11x4 + 13x5 + 15x6 + 17x7 = 400.................... ➎
= 360.................... ➏
➎ › ➊ 2x1 + 2x2 + 2x3 + 2x4 + 2x5 + 2x6 + 2x7
➏ + ➎ 7x1 + 9x2 + 11x3 + 13x4 + 15x5 + 17x6 + 19x7 = 760 ................... ➐
➐ › ➌ 16x1 + 25x2 + 36x3 + 49x4 + 64x5 + 81x6 + 100x7 = 1,204
μÕ∫ 1,204

134 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 119-152

134

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

14. ®“°√Ÿª ABC, DEF ·≈– PQR ‡ªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“ ‚¥¬∑’Ë AD = BD æ◊Èπ∑’Ë
√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC ‡ªìπ°’ˇ∑à“¢Õßæ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ PQR
A
D

P F
Q

B

R
C

E

·π«§‘¥
R

F
2

x+y

z

A

R

x+y

A

x
4

C

„Àâ AC = 4 ®–‰¥â AF = 2
„Àâ AP = x, PR = y ·≈– FR = z
¥—ßπ—Èπ Δ AFR ∼ Δ ARC
1. Δ AFR ∼ Δ ARC
2 = z = x+y
®–‰¥â x + y = 2 2
4
x+y x
¥—ßπ—Èπ xz = 2 π—Ëπ§◊Õ 2 z = x
2 2
2. Δ QRE ∼ Δ CRF
QE
CF
z
2

RQ
= ER
FR = RC
= 2 ›z z = yx

z2
= 4 › 2z
z2 + 2z › 4 = 0
z
= ›2 ± 24 + 16 = 1 + 5 (§«“¡¬“«¥â“π‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß∫«°)
z
2

=

y
2z

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

135

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

135

2
y = 2z2 = 2 (6 ›2 2 5) = 2(3 › 5)
16 = 4 = 7 + 3 5
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë Δ ABC =
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë Δ PQR 2(14 › 6 5) 7 › 3 5
μÕ∫ 7 + 3 5

15. ∂â“√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ ABCD ¡’®ÿ¥¬Õ¥Õ¬Ÿà∫π‡ âπ√Õ∫«ß¢Õß«ß°≈¡∑’Ë¡’ O ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ß
^ = 18 Ì, BDC
^ = 50 Ì ·≈â« OBD
^
‚¥¬∑’Ë AC ‡ªìπ‡ âπºà“π»Ÿπ¬å°≈“ߢÕß«ß°≈¡ ·≈– CAD
¡’¢π“¥°’ËÕß»“
·π«§‘¥
D
P

C

O
(
18 Ì

B

A

^ = 90 Ì ·≈– BDC
^ = BAC
^ = 50 Ì
‡æ√“–«à“ ADC
^ = 40 Ì ∑”„Àâ AOB
^ = 80 Ì
®–‰¥â ADB
^ = CBD
^ = 18 Ì
‡æ√“–«à“ DAC
^ = 90 Ì
·μà ABC
^ = 90 Ì › 50 Ì › 18 Ì = 22 Ì
¥—ßπ—Èπ OBD

μÕ∫ 22 Ì
16. ∂â“ 7x + y = 21 ·≈– 32x + y = 1 ·≈â« 3(7x + 1 + 7y › 2) ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
= 1
®“° 32x + y
= 30
®–‰¥â 32x + y
¥—ßπ—Èπ 2x + y
= 0
y
= ›2x
= 21
®“° 7x + y
∂â“ y = ›2x
®–‰¥â 7(x + (›2x)) = 21
= 21
7›x
= 21›1 = 1
7x
21
›2
y
›2x
1
7
= 7 = (21 ) = (21)2
136 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 119-152

136

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

π—Ëπ§◊Õ

3(7x + 1 + 7y › 2) = 3 [(7x . 7) + ( 7y . 12 )]

7
= 3 ( 211 Ó 7) + ( 212 Ó 12 ) = 28
7

[

]

μÕ∫ 28
17. °”Àπ¥ ¡°“√ 15x + 14y = 7 ∂â“ x ∑’ˇªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∑’Ë¡“°∑’Ë ÿ¥ ´÷Ëߪ√–°Õ∫¥â«¬ ¡“™‘°
4 À≈—° ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ (x, y) ‡ªìπ§”μÕ∫¢Õß ¡°“√π’È ‡¡◊ËÕ y ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡ ·≈â« x ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
‡æ√“–«à“ 15(7) + 14(›7) = 7
¥—ßπ—Èπ
(7, ›7) ‡ªìπ§”μÕ∫Àπ÷ËߢÕß ¡°“√π’È
‡π◊ËÕß®“° 15x + 14y = 7 ®–‰¥â y = 7 › 15x
14
∂â“„Àâ
x=7+a
®–‰¥â y = 7 › 15(7 + a) = ›7 › 15a
14
14
‡æ√“–«à“ y ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡ ¥—ßπ—Èπ 14 À“√ 15a ≈ßμ—«
·μà À.√.¡. ¢Õß 15 °—∫ 14 ‡∑à“°—∫ 1 ¥—ßπ—Èπ a μâÕ߇ªìπæÀÿ§Ÿ≥¢Õß 14
¥—ßπ—Èπ ¡’®”π«π‡μÁ¡ b ∑’Ë∑”„Àâ a = 14b
π—Ëπ§◊Õ x = 7 + 14b
≥ 9,999
·μà
x = 7 + 14b
≥ 9,992
14b
≥ 713.7
b
®–‰¥â
b
= 713
π—Ëπ§◊Õ
x
= 7 + 14(713) = 9,989
μÕ∫ 9,989

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

137

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

137

18. °”Àπ¥„Àâ n ·≈– d ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«° ∂â“ d À“√ 13n + 6 ·≈– 12n + 5 ≈ßμ—«
·≈⫺≈∫«°¢Õß§à“ d ∑’ˇªìπ‰ª‰¥â∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
‡æ√“–«à“ d À“√ 13n + 6 ≈ßμ—« ·≈– d À“√ 12n + 5 ≈ßμ—«
¥—ßπ—Èπ d À“√ 12(13n + 6) ≈ßμ—« ·≈– d À“√ 13(12n + 5) ≈ßμ—«
®–‰¥â d À“√ 12(13n + 6) › 13(12n + 5 ≈ßμ—«¥â«¬
‡æ√“–«à“ 12(13n + 6) › 13(12n + 5) = 156n + 72 › 156n › 65 = 7
®–‰¥â d À“√ 7 ≈ßμ—« ®“° d ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡ ¥—ßπ—Èπ d = 1 À√◊Õ d = 7
º≈∫«°‡∑à“°—∫ 1 + 7 = 8
μÕ∫ 8
19. √ŸªÀ≈“¬‡À≈’ˬ¡¥â“π‡∑à“¡ÿ¡‡∑à“√ŸªÀπ÷Ëß ¡’‡ âπ∑·¬ß¡ÿ¡∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ 20 ‡ âπ ·≈–·π∫„π
«ß°≈¡√—»¡’ 2 Àπ૬ √ŸªÀ≈“¬‡À≈’ˬ¡π’È¡’æ◊Èπ∑’ˇ∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
√Ÿª 4 ‡À≈’ˬ¡¡’‡ âπ∑·¬ß¡ÿ¡ 2 ‡ âπ
√Ÿª 5 ‡À≈’ˬ¡¡’‡ âπ∑·¬ß¡ÿ¡ 5 ‡ âπ
√Ÿª 6 ‡À≈’ˬ¡¡’‡ âπ∑·¬ß¡ÿ¡ 9 ‡ âπ
√Ÿª 7 ‡À≈’ˬ¡¡’‡ âπ∑·¬ß¡ÿ¡ 14 ‡ âπ
√Ÿª 8 ‡À≈’ˬ¡¡’‡ âπ∑·¬ß¡ÿ¡ 20 ‡ âπ
√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ 1 √Ÿª ¡’¡ÿ¡¬Õ¥°“ß 360 Ì = 45 Ì
8
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ = 12 ( 2)( 2) sin 45 Ì = 22 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
¥—ßπ—Èπ √Ÿª 8 ‡À≈’ˬ¡®–¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë 8( 22 ) = 4 2 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
μÕ∫ 4 2 μ“√“ßÀπ૬

138 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 119-152

138

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

20. √Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ ABCD ¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë 2,550 μ“√“ßÀπ૬ ‚¥¬∑’Ë P, Q, R ·≈– S ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥°÷Ëß°≈“ߥâ“π
∂â“√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ BNMP ·≈–√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ DTOR ¡’æ◊Èπ∑’Ë 123 ·≈– 456 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
μ“¡≈”¥—∫ ·≈â«æ◊Èπ∑’Ë¢Õß√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ MNOT ‡∑à“°—∫°’Ëμ“√“ßÀπ૬

A

P
B

M

S

N

T

Q

O
D

R

C

·π«§‘¥
≈“° BD ®–‰¥â æ◊Èπ∑’Ë Δ DAP = æ◊Èπ∑’Ë Δ DBP ·≈–æ◊Èπ∑’Ë Δ BCR = æ◊Èπ∑’Ë Δ BDR
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë  BPDR = 1 æ◊Èπ∑’Ë  ABCD
= 1,275 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
2
æ◊Èπ∑’Ë  MNOT = 1,275 › (123 + 456) = 696 μ“√“ßÀπ૬
μÕ∫ 696 μ“√“ßÀπ૬

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

139

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

139

μÕπ∑’Ë 2
21. ·∫∫®”≈Õß CH4 ·π∫„π∑√߇À≈’¬Ë ¡ ’ÀË πâ“ ‚¥¬∑’·Ë μà≈–ÀπⓇªìπ√Ÿª “¡‡À≈’¬Ë ¡¥â“π‡∑à“∑’¬Ë “«
¥â“π≈– 6 6 Àπ૬ ·μà≈–ÀπⓇ∑à“°—π∑ÿ°ª√–°“√ ·≈–¡’ H Õ¬Ÿà∑’Ë®ÿ¥¡ÿ¡ ·≈â« ·¢π C › H
H
¬“«‡∑à“„¥
1

C
H
4

T
H
2

P

H

H
3

·π«§‘¥
= (6 6)2 › (3 6)2
= 3 6⋅ 3
= 9 2
= 6 2 = H3T
∴ H4T
„Àâ·¢π C › H ¬“« x ®–‰¥â CH3 = x
= x
CH1
Δ H1TH3, H1T
= (6 6)2 › (6 2)2
H1T
= 12
Δ CTH3, CT
= 12 › x
= x
CH3
= (12 › x)2 + (6 2)2
x2
x2
= 144 › 24x + x2 + 72
24x
= 216
x
= 9 Àπ૬
μÕ∫ 9 Àπ૬
H4P

140 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 119-152

140

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

22. ∂â“ (x2 › x + 1)3(x3 + 2x2 + 2x + 1)5 = a21x21 + a20x20 + a19x19+ ... + a2x2 + a1x + a0
‡¡◊ËÕ a1 ‡ªìπ§à“§ß∑’Ë ·≈â« a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + a10 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
®“° x2 › x + 1 ·≈– x3 + 2x2 + 2x + 1 ‡ªìπ palindrome
®–‰¥âº≈§Ÿ≥‡ªìπ palindrome ¥â«¬
¥—ßπ—Èπ a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + a10 = 1 (a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + a20)
2
= 12 (a0 + a1 + a2 + ... + a21 › a0 › a21)
1 (a + a + a + + a › 2)
2 0 1 2 ... 21
®“° (x2 › x + 1)3(x3 + 2x2 + 2x + 1)5 = a21x21 + a20x20 + ... + a1x + a0
„Àâ x = 1 ®–‰¥â (13)(65)
= a21 + a20 + ... + a1+ a0
a0 + a1 + a2 + ... + a21 = 65 = 7,776
a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + a10 = 12 (7,776 › 2)
= 3,887
μÕ∫ 3,887
=

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

141

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

141

23. ∂â“

2 + x + 2 › x = 2 ·≈â« x ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
2+ 2+x 2› 2›x

·π«§‘¥
a = 2 + x, b = 2 › x
a2 + b2 = 4
a2( 2 › b) + b2( 2 + a) = 2( 2 + a)( 2 › b)
2a2 › a2b + 2b2 + ab2 = 2(2 + 2a › 2b › ab)
= 2 2 + 2a › 2b › 2ab
4 2 › a2b + ab2
0
= a2b › ab2 + 2a › 2b › 2ab › 2 2
0
= ab(a › b) + 2(a › b) › 2(ab + 2)
0
= (ab + 2)(a › b › 2)
‡π◊ËÕß®“° ab + 2 ≠ 0 ·≈– a › b › 2 = 0
¥—ßπ—Èπ 2 + x › 2 › x = 2
¬°°”≈—ß Õß 2 + x › 2 (2 + x)(2 › x) + 2 › x = 2
2 = 2 4 › x2
1 =
4 › x2
1 = 4 › x2
x2 = 3
x = ± 3
μ√«®§”μÕ∫®–‰¥â x = ± 3
μÕ∫ ± 3

142 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 119-152

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12/9/08, 10:39 AM

24. ∂â“ x, y ·≈– z ‡ªìπ®”π«π®√‘ß ∑’Ë Õ¥§≈âÕß°—∫√–∫∫ ¡°“√ x + 2y + 3z = 13
x2 + 4y2 + 9z2 + 3x › 2y + 15z = 82 ·≈â« xyz + x + y + z ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
= 82 + 2y
x2 + 4y2 + 9z2 + 3x + 15z
2
2
2
= 82 + x + 2y + 3z
x + 4y + 9z + 4x + 18z
2
2
2
x + 4x + 4 + 4y + 9z + 18z + 9 = 82 + 13 + 4 + 9
= 108
(x + 2)2 + (2y)2 + (3z + 3)2
= 13
®“° x + 2y + 3z
= 18
(x + 2) + 2y + (3z + 3)
„Àâ a = x + 2, b = 2y, c = 3z + 3 ®–‰¥â
= 108 ........................... ➊
a2 + b2 + c2
a+b+c
= 18
2
= 324
(a + b + c)
®–‰¥â ab + bc + ca
= 108 ........................... ➋
2
2
2
2 Ó ➊ › 2 Ó ➋, 2a + 2b + 2c › 2ab › 2bc › 2ca = 0
= 0
(a › b)2 + (b › c)2 + (c › a)2
a=b=c=6
¥—ßπ—Èπ
x = 4, y = 3 ·≈– z = 1
xyz + x + y + z = 20
μÕ∫ 20

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

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12/9/08, 10:40 AM

143

25. ∂â“ a2 › 2a = ›1, b2 › 3b = 1 ·≈– c2 › 4c = ›1 ·≈â« 3a3 › b3 + c3 + 33 + 13 +
a b
1 + 200 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
c3
·π«§‘¥
a + 1 = 2, b › b1 = 3, c + 1 = 4
a
c
= (a + a1 )3 › 3(a + a1 )
a3 + 13
a
= 8›6
= 2
3
1
= (b › b1 )3 + 3(b › b1 )
b › 3
b
= 27 + 9
= 36
1
3
= (c + 1 )3 › 3(c + 1 )
c + 3
c
c
c
= 64 › 12
= 52
3
3
¥—ßπ—Èπ 3a › b + c3 + 33 + 13 + 13 + 200 = 222
a b c
μÕ∫ 222

144 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 119-152

144

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

26. °”Àπ¥„Àâ a, b, c ‡ªìπ®”π«π‡μÁ¡∫«° ∂â“ a + b + c = 20 = ab + bc › ca › b2 ·≈â«
º≈∫«°¢Õß§à“ abc ∑’ˇªìπ‰ª‰¥â∑—ÈßÀ¡¥ ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
®“° ab + bc › ca › b2 = 20
®–‰¥â (a › b)(b › c)
= 20
‚¥¬‰¡à‡ ’¬π—¬∑—Ë«‰ª „Àâ a ≥ b ≥ c
æ‘®“√≥“§à“∑’ˇªìπ‰ª‰¥â
a›b
1
2
4
5

b›c
20
10
5
4

10
20

2
1

a
22
13
11
12
11
14
22

b
21
11
7
7
6
4
2

c
1
1
2
3
2
2
1

a + b + c = 20
20
-

abc
154
-

20
-

112
-

§à“ abc ∑’ˇªìπ‰ª‰¥â§◊Õ 112 °—∫ 154
º≈∫«°®–‡∑à“°—∫ 112 + 154 = 266
μÕ∫ 266

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

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145

27. √Ÿª “¡‡À≈’ˬ¡ ABC ¡’ D, E ·≈– F ‡ªìπ®ÿ¥∫π¥â“π BC ∑”„Àâ AD ⊥ BC, AE ·∫àߧ√÷Ëß
^ ·≈– BF = CF ∂â“ BAD
^ + 4ACB
^ = DAE
^ = EAF
^ = FAC
^ ·≈â« BAC
^ + 2ABC
^
BAC
¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
A

))
)
)

x
x xx

T

2x

2x Ì
B 90 Ì x

)

))

)

3x 3x

90 Ì › 3x

D

E

C

F

·π«§‘¥
^ = x ®–‰¥â ABD
^ = 90 Ì › 3x
^ = 90 Ì › x ·≈– ACB
„Àâ BAD
 √â“ß ≈“° FT „Àâ TF ⊥ BC æ∫ AC ∑’Ë T ≈“° BT
1. Δ BFT ≅ Δ CFT (¥.¡.¥.)
^ = 3x Ì
^ = CTF
2. BTF
^ = 90 Ì › 3x Ì
^ = TCF
3. TBF
^ = 2x Ì
^ = TFA
4. ®–‰¥â TBA
¥—ßπ—Èπ ∴ ABFT ·π∫„π«ß°≈¡
4x = 90 Ì
x = 22.5 Ì
^ = 90 Ì, ABC
^ = 67.5 Ì ·≈– ACB
^ = 22.5 Ì
BAC
^ + 4ACB
^ + 2ABC
^ = 315 Ì
∴ BAC
μÕ∫ 315 Ì

146 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 119-152

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28. ∂â“°”Àπ¥√–∫∫ ¡°“√
abc + ab + bc + ca + a + b + c = 71
bcd + bc + cd + db + b + c + d = 191
cda + cd + da + ac + c + d + a = 95
dab + da + ab + bd + d + a + b = 143
·≈â« abcd + a + b + c + d ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
π” 1 ∫«° ∑ÿ° ¡°“√ ®–‰¥â
(a + 1)(b + 1)(c + 1) = 72 = 23 Ó 32 ......................................➊
(b + 1)(c + 1)(d + 1) = 192 = 26 Ó 3 ......................................➋
(c + 1)(d + 1)(a + 1) = 96 = 25 Ó 3 ......................................➌
(d + 1)(a + 1)(b + 1) = 144 = 24 Ó 32 ......................................➍
➊ Ó ➋ Ó ➌ Ó ➍; (a + 1)3(b + 1)3(c + 1)3(d + 1)3 = 218 Ó 36
(a + 1)(b + 1)(c + 1)(d + 1) = 26 Ó 32................➎
➎÷➊
d+1
= 23
d
= 7
➎÷➋
a+1
= 3
a
= 2
➎÷➌
b+1
= 2Ó3
b
= 5
➎÷➍
c+1
= 22
c
= 3
§à“¢Õß abcd + a + b + c + d = (2 Ó 5 Ó 3 Ó 7) + (2 + 5 + 3 + 7)
= 210 + 17
= 227
μÕ∫ 227

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

147

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

147

29. ∂â“°”Àπ¥√–∫∫ ¡°“√
x2 + x3 + x4 = 6,
x3 + x4 + x5 = 8,
x1 + x2 + x3 = 4,
x4 + x5 + x6 = 12,
x5 + x6 + x7 = 15,
x6 + x7 + x8 = 19,
x8 + x9 + x10 = 27,
x9 + x10 + x1 = 30,
x7 + x8 + x9 = 23,
x10 + x1 + x2 = 36
·≈â« 3x1 + 4x10 ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·π«§‘¥
π” ¡°“√∑—ÈßÀ¡¥¡“∫«°°—π
3x1 + 3x2 + 3x3 + 3x4 + 3x5 + 3x6 + 3x7 + 3x8 + 3x9 + 3x10 = 180
= 60
x1 + x2 + x3 + x4 + x5 + x6 + x7 + x8 + x9 + x10
= 60
(x1 + x2 + x3) + (x4 + x5 + x6) + (x7 + x8 + x9) + x10
4 + 12 + 23 + x10
= 60
= 60
39 + x10
= 21
x10
= 60
x1 + (x2 + x3 + x4) + (x5 + x6 + x7) + (x8 + x9 + x10)
= 60
x1 + 6 + 15 + 27
x1 + 48
= 60
= 12
x1
3x1 + 4x10
= 36 + 84
= 120
μÕ∫ 120

148 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

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12/9/08, 10:40 AM

^ = CAD
^ = 66 Ì, BCA
^ = 15 Ì ·≈– ACD
^ = 9Ì
30. ∂â“ ABCD ‡ªìπ√Ÿª ’ˇÀ≈’ˬ¡ ¡’ BAC
^ + ADB
^ ¡’§à“‡∑à“„¥
·≈â« 2ABD
·π«§‘¥
E
μàÕ AD ∂÷ß E
^ = 24 Ì
66
„Àâ DCE
15
≈“° BE
^ + BCE
^ = 180 Ì
D T
®–‰¥â EAB
24
¥—ßπ—Èπ  ABCE ·π∫„π«ß°≈¡
C
9
^ = CEB
^ = 66 Ì
15
66
®–‰¥â EBC
A
66 15
®–‰¥â Δ BCT ≅ Δ CET
∴®–‰¥â Δ BDT ≅ Δ DET
66
0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

B

^ = AEB
^ = DBE
^ = 15 Ì
·≈–®–‰¥â ACB
^ = 18 Ì ·≈– ADB
^ = 30 Ì
¥—ßπ—Èπ ®–‰¥â ABD
^ + ADB
^ = 66 Ì
‡æ√“–©–π—Èπ 2ABD
μÕ∫ 66 Ì

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

149

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

149

§≥–∑”ß“π
∑’˪√÷°…“
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

§ÿ≥À≠‘ß°…¡“ «√«√√≥ ≥ Õ¬ÿ∏¬“
π“¬¡—ß°√ °ÿ≈«“π‘™
𓬠¡‡°’¬√μ‘ ™Õ∫º≈
𓬫‘π—¬ √Õ¥®à“¬
π“߇∫≠®≈—°…≥å πÈ”øÑ“
π“ßÕ√∑—¬ ¡Ÿ≈§”
𓬥‘≈° æ—≤πå«‘™—¬‚™μ‘
π“ß “«»√’ ¡√ æÿà¡ –Õ“¥

‡≈¢“∏‘°“√§≥–°√√¡°“√°“√»÷°…“¢—Èπæ◊Èπ∞“π
√Õ߇≈¢“∏‘°“√§≥–°√√¡°“√°“√»÷°…“¢—Èπæ◊Èπ∞“π
√Õ߇≈¢“∏‘°“√§≥–°√√¡°“√°“√»÷°…“¢—Èπæ◊Èπ∞“π
√Õ߇≈¢“∏‘°“√§≥–°√√¡°“√°“√»÷°…“¢—Èπæ◊Èπ∞“π
ºŸâÕ”π«¬°“√ ”π—°«‘™“°“√·≈–¡“μ√∞“π°“√»÷°…“
ºŸâÕ”π«¬°“√ ”π—°æ—≤π“π«—μ°√√¡°“√®—¥°“√»÷°…“
¢â“√“™°“√∫”π“≠ °√–∑√«ß»÷°…“∏‘°“√
¢â“√“™°“√∫”π“≠ °√–∑√«ß»÷°…“∏‘°“√

§≥–∑”ß“π
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

π“ßπ‘®«¥’ ‡®√‘≠‡°’¬√μ‘∫«√
π“ßÕ√πÿ™ ¡—Ëß¡’ ÿ¢»‘√‘
𓬻—°¥‘Ï ‘π ™àÕߥ“√“°ÿ≈
π“ß “««√πÿ™ √ÿà߇√◊Õ߇®√‘≠°ÿ≈
𓬪√“‚¡∑¬å ¢®√¿—¬

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.

π“ß∑‘æ¬å«√√≥ «—≤π“ß°Ÿ√
π“¬∫ÿ≠∏√√¡ ∑—Ëß∑Õß
𓬪Ø≈ ‡ª√¡ª√’¥‘Ï
𓬫 —πμå «√‡™…∞å
𓬻ÿ¿°√ æß»å∑Õß¡’
π“¬∫√√∑—¥ «¿—°¥‘χæ™√
𓬇©≈‘¡æ≈ ‡ ¢–æ—π∏å
𓬮‘√«—≤πå √—°æà«ß
𓬙àÕ©—μ√ ‰™¬ ¡π÷°
𓬫—≈≈¿ æ÷Ëßæ—π∏ÿå
π“ß “«®”‡√‘≠ ‡®’¬«À«“π

π—°«‘™“°“√»÷°…“  ”π—°æ—≤π“π«—μ°√√¡°“√®—¥°“√»÷°…“
π—°«‘™“°“√»÷°…“  ”π—°æ—≤π“π«—μ°√√¡°“√®—¥°“√»÷°…“
π—°«‘™“°“√»÷°…“  ”π—°æ—≤π“π«—μ°√√¡°“√®—¥°“√»÷°…“
‡®â“Àπâ“∑’∫Ë √‘À“√ß“π∏ÿ√°“√ √—°…“°“√„πμ”·Àπàßπ—°«‘™“°“√»÷°…“
»÷°…“π‘‡∑»°å
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“°√ÿ߇∑æ¡À“π§√ ‡¢μ 1
¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬∏√√¡»“ μ√å
»÷°…“π‘‡∑»°å  ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“™—¬π“∑
»÷°…“π‘‡∑»°å  ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“‡æ™√∫ÿ√’ ‡¢μ 1
»÷°…“π‘‡∑»°å  ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“√âÕ¬‡ÕÁ¥ ‡¢μ 2
»÷°…“π‘‡∑»°å  ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“∫ÿ√’√—¡¬å ‡¢μ 1
»÷°…“π‘‡∑»°å  ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“ °≈π§√ ‡¢μ 1
»÷°…“π‘‡∑»°å  ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“™ÿ¡æ√ ‡¢μ 1
»÷°…“π‘‡∑»°å  ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“μ“° ‡¢μ 1
»÷°…“π‘‡∑»°å  ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“‡æ™√∫ÿ√’ ‡¢μ 1
»÷°…“π‘‡∑»°å  ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“ ÿ‚¢∑—¬ ‡¢μ 1
‚√߇√’¬π¡À‘¥≈«‘∑¬“πÿ √≥å Õߧå°√¡À“™π

150 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

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17. π“¬≈ÕÕ ‡æ‘Ë¡ ¡∫—μ‘
18. π“¬∫—≥±‘μ ΩÕ¬∑Õß
19. π“ß≈–‡¡’¬¥ °√∫ß°™¡“»
20. π“ß«√√≥«‘¿“  ÿ∑∏‡°’¬√μ‘
21. 𓬉¡μ√’ »√’∑Õß·∑â
22. π“ß√—™π’ π“§π§√
23. π“ß —߇«’¬π Õ‘π∑√ª√– ß§å
24. 𓬫‘ ÿ∑∏‘Ï §ß°—≈ªá
25. π“ß “«æ√æ√√≥ Õ‘π∑√ª√–‡ √‘∞

‚√߇√’¬π∫¥‘π∑√‡¥™“ ( ‘ßÀå  ‘ßÀ‡ π’)
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“°√ÿ߇∑æ¡À“π§√ ‡¢μ 2
‚√߇√’¬π‡μ√’¬¡Õÿ¥¡»÷°…“
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“°√ÿ߇∑æ¡À“π§√ ‡¢μ 1
‚√߇√’¬π «π°ÿÀ≈“∫«‘∑¬“≈—¬
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“°√ÿ߇∑æ¡À“π§√ ‡¢μ 1
‚√߇√’¬π “¡‡ π«‘∑¬“≈—¬
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“°√ÿ߇∑æ¡À“π§√ ‡¢μ 1
‚√߇√’¬π‡μ√’¬¡Õÿ¥¡»÷°…“
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“°√ÿ߇∑æ¡À“π§√ ‡¢μ 1
‚√߇√’¬πæ√À¡¡“πÿ √≥å ®—ßÀ«—¥‡æ™√∫ÿ√’
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“‡æ™√∫ÿ√’ ‡¢μ 1
‚√߇√’¬π«—¥¥à“π ”‚√ß
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“ ¡ÿ∑√ª√“°“√ ‡¢μ 1
‚√߇√’¬π§«π‡π’¬ß«‘∑¬“
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“ ß¢≈“ ‡¢μ 2
ºŸâÕ”π«¬°“√‚√߇√’¬π«—¥∑“ßÀ≈«ß‚æ∏‘Ï∑Õß
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“ππ∑∫ÿ√’ ‡¢μ 1

√Ÿª‡≈à¡
1. π“ß “« “¬æ‘≥  Ÿ≠¬’¢Ë π—
2. π“ß “«æ—∑¬“ ∑‘»‡πμ√

æπ—°ß“πæ‘¡æ奥’  ”π—°æ—≤π“π«—μ°√√¡°“√®—¥°“√»÷°…“
æπ—°ß“πæ‘¡æ奥’  ”π—°æ—≤π“π«—μ°√√¡°“√®—¥°“√»÷°…“

1. 𓬪√–¡ÿ¢ ∫ÿ≠ ‘√‘

√ÕߺŸâÕ”π«¬°“√‚√߇√’¬π«—¥· πμÕ
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“°“≠®π∫ÿ√’ ‡¢μ 2
‚√߇√’¬πÕπÿ∫“≈μ“°øÑ“
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“π§√ «√√§å ‡¢μ 3
‚√߇√’¬π»√’π¿“‡¢μ«‘∑¬“
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“π§√ «√√§å ‡¢μ 3

ª°

2. π“ß»√’‡¡◊Õß ∫ÿ≠·æ∑¬å
3. π“¬∏√√¡√—μπå ∫ÿ≠·æ∑¬å

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

151

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

151

ºŸâ√—∫º‘¥™Õ∫‚§√ß°“√æ—≤π“§ÿ≥¿“æ°“√‡√’¬π√Ÿâ Ÿà “°≈
1. π“ßπ‘®«¥’ ‡®√‘≠‡°’¬√μ‘∫«√
2. π“ßÕ√πÿ™ ¡—Ëß¡’ ÿ¢»‘√‘
3. π“ß “««√πÿ™ √ÿà߇√◊Õ߇®√‘≠°ÿ≈

π—°«‘™“°“√»÷°…“  ”π—°æ—≤π“π«—μ°√√¡°“√®—¥°“√»÷°…“
π—°«‘™“°“√»÷°…“  ”π—°æ—≤π“π«—μ°√√¡°“√®—¥°“√»÷°…“
‡®â“æπ—°ß“π∏ÿ√°“√  ”π—°æ—≤π“π«—μ°√√¡°“√®—¥°“√»÷°…“

∫√√≥“∏‘°“√
1. 𓬪√“‚¡∑¬å ¢®√¿—¬
2. π“ßπ‘®«¥’ ‡®√‘≠‡°’¬√μ‘∫«√
3. π“ßÕ√πÿ™ ¡—Ëß¡’ ÿ¢»‘√‘
4. π“ß«√√≥«‘¿“  ÿ∑∏‡°’¬√μ‘
5. π“ß√—™π’ π“§π§√

»÷°…“π‘‡∑»°å
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“°√ÿ߇∑æ¡À“π§√ ‡¢μ 1
π—°«‘™“°“√»÷°…“  ”π—°æ—≤π“π«—μ°√√¡°“√®—¥°“√»÷°…“
π—°«‘™“°“√»÷°…“  ”π—°æ—≤π“π«—μ°√√¡°“√®—¥°“√»÷°…“
‚√߇√’¬π “¡‡ π«‘∑¬“≈—¬
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“°√ÿ߇∑æ¡À“π§√ ‡¢μ 1
‚√߇√’¬πæ√À¡¡“πÿ √≥å ®—ßÀ«—¥‡æ™√∫ÿ√’
 ”π—°ß“π‡¢μæ◊Èπ∑’Ë°“√»÷°…“‡æ™√∫ÿ√’ ‡¢μ 1

152 ✎ ‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550)

A 119-152

152

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

‡ √‘¡§‘¥§≥‘μ»“ μ√å √–¥—∫™à«ß™—Èπ∑’Ë 3 μ—«Õ¬à“ß·∫∫∑¥ Õ∫§≥‘μ»“ μ√å (ªï æ.». 2549-2550) ✎

A 119-152

153

12/9/08, 10:41 AM

153

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