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CON

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3
( .. 2549-2550)

.2/2551

CON

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: 3
( .. 2549-2550)
:
:
:
:
:
ISBN
: 978-974-650-862-9
:
1
: .. 2551

: 4,000

:
79 10900
. 0-2561-4567 0-2579-5101
.. 2550

. 0 2280 5562
Website : http://www.inno.obec.go.th
: http://www.ilg.net
E-mail : imc_thailand@yahoo.com

CON

12/9/08, 10:42 AM

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2551

CON

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3
.. 2549

A 1-29

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

A 1-29

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

.. 2549

1.
2. 35 2 100
1 20 1-20 2 40
2 15 21-35 4 60
3. 2

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

3
.. 2549

1 20 1-20 2

1.

77
7
7

10

2. (2 + 3)2 (2 3)3 + (2 3)2 (2 + 3)3


3. 42

4. 101 1 75 1
1 2 51
1 101 3 45
1 40
3
5. a (a + 4)(a + 2)(a 2)(a 4) + 36
6. m 7m2 + 7m + 7
7. (a2 a)3 + (2a2 4)3 = (3a2 a 4)3

8.

A 1-29

1 + 1 + 1 +...+
1 2
2+1 3+ 2 4+ 3
16 + 15

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

1040
9. 35

10 + 3
10. a = 5 + 1 b = 10 + 5
10 + 1
10 1
a + b 1
ab+1
11. x + x1 = 3 2 2 x3 + x3
A

12.

3
4
B

AB = 3
AC = 7 AD = 4
ABC

13. a b = ab + a + b
1
1 12 13 14 ... 2549
6x
6x
14. a4x = 3 2 2 a4x = 3 12 2 a 2x + a2x
a +a

15. m p m 777 910


p m2 + p2
16. (1, 12) (3, 6)
17. 35
18. x2 (1 + x + x2)3

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

19. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 6,000
4
20. m n m2 n4 = 19 m2 + n4

2 15 21-35 4
21. a, b x2 x 1 = 0 a9 + b9
22. 89 3
1
1
2
2 3 4
3
5 6 7 8
4
10 11 12 13 14
4 3 12
3 3 7

9
15

16

23. ABC 24 3 a
A, b B c C
a + b = 20 c = 16 a b
24. n! = 1 2 3 4 ... n n
20! A 10n A n

}
}

3 2,006 2 2,006

25. (333 ... 333)2 + 222 ... 222

A 1-29

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

26. x1 = 2549, x2 = x2 , x3 = x3 , x4 = x4
1

x5 = x5 , x6 = x6 , x7 = x7 , x8 = x8
4

x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8
27. x, y, z xy + x + y = 11, yz + y + z = 14
zx + z + x = 19 xyz + x + y + z
28. x y x3 + y3 + (x + y)3 + 30xy = 2,000 x + y

29. ABC AB = 20 AC = 30 BAC = 120


D BC AD BAC AD
30. x 2 < x < 3
x + 2 2x 4 + x 2 2x 4
31. 1 13 5 + 3 15 7 + 5 17 9 + 7 91 11 + 9 111 13 + 11 131 15 = a
b






a b ... a b 1 a + b
32.
4y = 12 x2
4x = 12 y2

..............................
..............................

A B
A B

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

33. 4 6, 7, 8, 9

34. ABC AB = AC BAC = 80 D


DAB = DBA = 10 ADC
35. ABC P AP BC D BP
CA E CP AB F PD = PE = PF = 4
AP + BP + CP = 6 (AP) (BP) (CP)

A 1-29

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

.. 2549

1.
2. 35 2 100
1 20 1-20 2 40
2 15 21-35 4 60
3. 2

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

3
.. 2549

1 20 1-20 2

1.

77
7
7

10

7
= 4 (1) + 3
77
7
77

7 4n + 3
10
3

= 74n + 3
3

2. (2 + 3)2 (2 3)3 + (2 3)2 (2 + 3)3

(2 + 3)(2 3)

=
=
=
(2 + 3)2(2 3)3 + (2 3)2 (2 + 3)3 =
=
4

22 ( 3)2
43
1
12 (2 3) + 12(2 + 3)
4

10 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

10

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

3. 42

x 42
x x2

42 x = x x2
42
= 32 x
x
= 28
28

4. 101 1 75 1
1 2 51
1 101 3 45
1 40
3

1 11 21 31 41 51 61 71 81 91 101

1
2
3

>
1

<

75

50
40

101
84

3 50 75 26
26

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

11

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

11

5. a (a + 4)(a + 2)(a 2)(a 4) + 36

(a + 4)(a + 2)(a 2)(a 4) + 36 = (a2 16)(a2 4) + 36


= a4 20a2 + 64 + 36
= (a2 102)
= a2 10
a2 10
6. m 7m2 + 7m + 7

= 7(m2 + m + 1)
7m2 + 7m + 7
= 74
7(m2 + m + 1)
m2 + m + 1
= 73 = 343
= 0
m2 + m 342
(m 18) (m + 19)
= 0
m
= 18
18
7. (a2 a)3 + (2a2 4)3 = (3a2 a 4)3

A
= a2 a
B
= 2a2 4
C
= 3a2 a 4
A + B = C A3 + B3 = C3 = A3 + B3 + 3AB (A + B)
3ABC = 0 A = 0 B = 0 C = 0
A = 0 a2 a = 0
a = 0, 1
B = 0 2a2 4 = 0 a = 2, 2
C = 0 3a2 a 4 = 0 a = 43 , 1
0
0
12 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

12

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

2
8. 2 +1 1 + 3 +1 2 + 4 +1 3 +... + 16 +1 15

)
)

1 + 1 + 1 +...+ 1 2
16 + 15
2+1 3+ 2 4+ 3
= ( 2 1 + 3 2 + 4 3 +...+ 16 15 )2
= (1 + 16)2 = (1 + 4)2 = (3)2
= 9

9
1040
9. 35
10 + 3

1040
1035 + 3

3(105)
35
10 + 3

5 35
5
= 10 (10 + 3) 10 (3)
1035 + 3
5
5 35
= 10 (10 + 3) 10 (3)
1035 + 3
1035 + 3
3(105)
5
= 10 35
10 + 3
< 1

40
10
99999
35 + 3
10
99999

10. a = 5 + 1 b = 10 + 5
10 + 1
10 1
a + b 1
ab+1

a = 5+1
10 + 1
b = 10 + 5
10 1

10 1 = 50 5 + 10 1
9
10 1
10 + 1 = 10 + 10 + 50 + 5
10 + 1
9

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

13

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

13

a + b 1 = 50 5 + 10 1 + 10 + 50 + 5 + 10 1
9
9
= 10 2 + 2 10
9
a b + 1 = 50 5 + 10 1 10 + 50 + 5 + 10 + 1
9
9
= 2 52
9
a + b 1 = 10 2 + 2 10 9
9
ab+1
2 5 2
= 10(2 5 + 2)
(2 5 + 2)
= 10
10
11. x + x1 = 3 2 x3 + x3
2

x + x1 = 3 2 2
2

(x + x1 )3

x3

3x2

( x1 ) + 3x ( x1 ) + x13

= ( 3 2 ) (3 2 )
2
2
x3 + 3( x + x1 ) + 13
x
x3 + 3 (3 2 2 ) + 13
x
x3 + 13
x
2

= ( 9(2) ) (3 2 )
4 2
= 274 2
= 274 2
= 274 2 2(94 2)
= 942

9 4 2
14 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

14

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

A
7

AB = 3
AC = 7 AD = 4
ABC

AD D CD = AB = 3
A
ABC =

ACD

a+b+c
2

s=

12.

ACD s =

7+3+8
2

= 9

ACD

s(s a)(s b)(s c)

9(9 7)(9 3)(9 8)

9(2)(6)(1)

9223

= 6 3
6 3
13. a b = ab + a + b
1 12 13 14 ... 1
2,549

1 12
= 1 12 + 1 + 1 = 2
2

( )

1 1 1
2

= 2 1
3

= 2 1 + 1 +2
3 3
= 3

( )

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

15

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

15

1 12 13 14

= 3 14
1 1
= 3 4 + 4 +3
= 4

( )

1 1 1
1
1 2 3 4 ... 2549 = 2549
2549
6x
6x
14. a4x = 3 2 2 a4x =3 12 2 a 2x + a2x
a +a
a4x
= 32 2

a4x

1
3+2 2
= 3 2 2 3 + 2 2
3+2 2
= 98
= 3+2 2

a6x + a6x = (a2x)3 + (a2x)3


a2x + a2x
a2x + a2x
(a2x + a2x)(a4x a4x a4x + a4x)
=
(a2x + a2x)
= a4x a4x a4x + a4x
= 32 21+3+2 2
= 5
5

16 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

16

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

15. m p m 777 910


p m2 + p2

777 = m(a) + p a ...................


910 = m(b) + p b ..................

910 777 = m(b) m(a)


133
= m(b a)
b a
7 19
= m(b a)

m = 19 19 777 910
17 p = 17
m2 + p2 = 192 + 172 = 361 + 289 = 650
650
16. (1, 12) (3, 6)

y = ax2 + bx + c.........
(0, 0) 0 = 0 + 0 + c
C = 0
(1, 12)
12 = a + b .....................
(3, 6)
6 = 9a + 3b
2 = 3a + b ...................

10 = 2a
a = 5
12 = 5 + b
b = 17
2
y = 5x + 17x
17 0 289 17 289
10 , 20 = 10 , 20

, 289
17
10 20

)(

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

17

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

17

17. 35

35 = 243
243 = 1.63 + 0.62 + 4.61 + 3.60 = (1,043)6
35 43
43

18. x2 (1 + x + x2)3

a = 1 + x, b = x2
(a + b)3 = a3 + 3a2b + 3ab2 + 3b3
(1 + x + x2)3 = 1 + 3x + 3x2 + x3 + 3x2 + 3x4 + ...
2
... x2 3 + 3 = 6
6
19. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 6,000
4

1.
___ ___ ___ ___

4 8 7 6
= 1,344
2. 4 2
4 1 1 7 3 = 84
3. 4 3
4 1 1 1
= 4
= 1,432
1,432

18 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

18

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

20. m n m2 n4 = 19 m2 + n4

= (m n2) (m + n2) = 19
m2 n4
19
= 1 ..............
m n2
m + n2
= 19 ............
+ ;2m
= 20
m
= 10
= 18
;2n2
= 9
n2
n
= 3
2
4
m +n
= 100 + 81
= 181
181

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

19

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

19

2 15 21-35 4
21. a, b x2 x 1 = 0 a9 + b9

a+b = 1
ab
= 1
a2 + b2 = (a + b)2 2ab
= 1 2(1)
=
3
a3 + b3 = (a + b)3 3ab(a + b)
= 13 3(1)(1)
= 1+3
=
4
a4 + b4 = (a2 + b2)2 2a2b2
= 32 2(1)2 =
7

a+b = 1
a2 + b2 = 3
a3 + b3 = 4
a4 + b4 = 7
a5 + b5 = 11
a6 + b6 = 18
a7 + b7 = 29
a8 + b8 = 47
a9 + b9 = 76

a9 + b9 = (a3)3 + (b3)3 = (a3 + b3)3 3a3b3(a3 + b3)


= (43) 3(1)3(4)
= 64 + 12
= 76
76

20 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

20

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

22. 89 3
1
1
2
2 3 4
3
5 6 7 8
4
10 11 12 13 14
4 3 12
3 3 7

1 12 =
2 22 =
3 32 =
..
.
88 882 =

89 7,744 + 3 =
7,747

9
15

16

1
4
9
7,744
7,747

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

21

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

21

23. ABC 24 3 a
A, b B c C
a + b = 20 c = 16 |a b|

ABC = s(s a)(a b)(s c)

s =
c

a + b + c 20 + 16 36
= 2 = 2 = 18
2

ABC = 24 3
18(18 a)(18 20 + a)(18 16)
6 (18 a)(a 2)
(18 a)(a 2)
(18 a)(a 2)
18a 36 a2 + 2a
a2 20a + 84
(a 14)(a 6)
a = 14, b = 6, a = 6, b = 14
|a b| = |14 6| = 8
8

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

24 3
24 3
4 3
48
48
0
0

24. n! = 1 2 3 4 ... n n
20! A 10n A n

20! 5
1 20 5 5, 10, 15 20
1 20 10 4
n = 4
4

22 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

22

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

}
}

3 2,006 2 2,006
(333 ... 333)2 + 222 ... 222

25.

= 11
32 + 2
332 + 22 = 1111
3332 + 222 = 111111

}
}

3 2,006 2 2,006 1 4,012


(333 ... 333)2 + 222 ... 222 = 111 ... 111

4,012
4,012
26. x1 = 2,549, x2 = x2 , x3 = x3 , x4 = x4
1

x5 = x5 , x6 = x6 , x7 = x7 , x8 = x8
4

x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8

x1 x2 = 2, x3 x4 = 4, x5 x6 = 6, x7 x8 = 8
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8
= 2468
= 384
384
27. x, y, z xy + x + y = 11, yz + y + z = 14
zx + z + x = 19 xyz + x + y + z

xy + x + y + 1 = 12
(x + 1)(y + 1) = 12.....................
yz + y + z + 1 = 15
(y + 1)(z + 1) = 15.....................
zx + z + x + 1 = 20.....................
(z + 1)(x + 1) = 20
; (y + 1)2 = 12 20 15 = 9

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

23

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

23

y+1
= 3
y
= 2
y = 2 x = 3
y = 2
z=4
xyz + x + y + z
= 24 + 9
= 33
33
28. x y x3 + y3 + (x + y)3 + 30xy = 2,000 x + y

x3 + 3x2y + 3xy2 + y3 + (x + y)3 3x2y 3xy2 + 30xy = 2,000


(x + y)3 + (x + y)3 3xy(x + y 10) 2,000 = 0
2(x + y)3 2(10)3 3xy(x + y 10) = 0
(x + y 10)[2{(x + y)2 + 10(x + y) + 102} 3xy] = 0
(x + y 10)(2x2 + xy + 2y2 + 10x + 10y + 100) = 0
2x2 + xy + 2y2 + 10x + 10y + 100 > 0

x + y 10 = 0
x + y = 10
10
29.ABC AB = 20 AC = 30 BAC = 120
D BC AD BAC AD

DE // BA BAD = ADE = 60 ()

DEA = 60 AD = DE = EA = x
B
ABC EDC

AB = CA
DE CE
20 = 30
30 x
x

20
A

E
30

24 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

24

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

2(30 x) = 3x
x
= 12
AD
= 12
12
30. x 2 < x < 3
x + 2 2x 4 + x 2 2x 4

P = x + 2 2x 4 + x 2 2x 4
P2 = x + 2 2x 4 + 2 (x + 2 2x 4)(x 2 2x 4) + x 2 2x 4
= 2x + 2 x2 4(2x 4)
= 2x + 2 x2 8x + 16
= 2x + 2 (x 4)2
= 2x + 2 x 4
= 2x + 2(4 x) x < 4 x 4 = 4 x
= 2x + 8 2x
P2 = 8
P = 2 2
2 2
31. 1 13 5 + 1 + 1 + 7 91 11 + 9 111 13 + 11 131 15 = ba
357 579


a b ... a b 1 a + b

1
1 1
1
1 51
1
1 3 5 = 4 1 3 3 5a = 4 1 3 5 = 1 3 5

(
(

1
1 1
1
357= 4 35 57

) ( )
)

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

25

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

25


1
1
1
1
1
1
1 3 5 + 3 5 7 +5 7 9 + 7 9 11 + 9 11 13 + 11 13 15

(
( )
( )
( )
()

= 14 1 1 3 3 1 5 + 3 1 5 5 1 7 + 5 1 7 7 1 9 + 7 1 9 9 1 11
+ 9 1 11 11 1 13 + 11 1 13 13 1 15
= 14 1 1 3 13 1 15
1
= 14 13 195
= 14 65195 1

64
= 14 195
16
= 195

... 16 195 1 a + b = 16 + 195 = 211


211
32.
4y = 12 x2 ...................................
4x = 12 y2 ...................................
A B A B

4y = 12 x2 ..............................
4x = 12 y2 ..............................
2
y = 12 x
..............................
4
y
26 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

26

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

( )
( )

2
4x = 12 12 4x

2 + x4
4x = 12 144 24x
16

2 4
4x = 192 14416+ 24x x

x4 24x2 + 64x 48 = 0
(x 2)(x 2)(x 2)(x + 6) = 0
x = 2, x = 6
2
x = 2, y = 12 4 (2) = 84 = 2

x = 6, y = 6
A (2, 2) B (6, 6)
2
(6 2)2 + (6 2)2 = 82 + 82 = 2 (82)
= 8 2
8 2
33. 4 6, 7, 8, 9

A
y

60
120

60
120

120

120
60

8
120
B 60 8 60
7

6
60

C
6

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

27

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

27

ABC BC = 21
BA = 21
y = 4
AC = 21, x + y + 6 = 21
x = 11
= 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 4 + 11
= 45
45
34. ABC AB = AC BAC = 80 D
DAB = DBA = 10 ADC

E ABC EAC = ECA = 10 ED


ABD
ACE (...)
AD
= AE
DAE = 60
ADE
CED
= 140 DE = CE
EDC = 20
ADC = 80
80

A
)
)

D
E
)

28 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

28

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

35.ABC P AP BC D BP CA
E CP AB F PD = PE = PF = 4 AP + BP + CP = 6
(AP) (BP) (CP)

AP = x, BP = y, CP = z
x + y + z = 6
A
1 BC PD
.. BCP
= 2
1
.. ABC
x
2 BC AD
F
E
4
4
P
=
.................
x+4
z
y
1 CA PE
4
.. CAP
B
C
= 2
D
1
.. ABC
2 CA BE
4 .................
=
y+4
1 AB PF
.. ABP
= 12
.. ABC
2 AB CF
4 .................
=
z+4
4 + 4 + 4
+ +, 1 =
x+4 y+4 z+4

(x + 4)(y + 4)(z + 4) = 4(x + 4)(y + 4) + 4(y + 4)(z + 4) + 4(z + 4)(x + 4)


xyz + 4xy + 4yz + 16x + 16y + 16z + 64 = 4(xy + 4x + 4y + 16 + yz + 4y + 4z + 16 +
zx + 4z + 4x + 16)
xyz
= 16x + 16y + 16z + 128
= 16(x + y + z) + 128
= 96 + 128
= 224
224
3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 1-29

29

12/9/08, 10:23 AM

29

.. 2549

1.
2. 30 2 100
1 20 1-20 3 60
2 10 21-30 4 40
3. 2

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

31

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

31

3
.. 2549

1 20 3
1. 5 6375600
5
2. 2548 2546 2544 2542 + 16
3. 1 600 3 5 7
4. x 1 x 65 ... x 65 1
x
5. 1 1000
6. A = 3x1 2 9x x A
7. ABCD M, N AD AB
BC

x
M

5
17

32 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

32

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

8. (x, y) 7 3 = 1 x, y
x y

9. x, y y + 2 + 17 = 8 x (x, y)
x xy
y

10. P(x) = P(P(x + 23)) x < 2,024 P(x) = x 17 x 2,024


P(2,549) + P(2,006)

<

11. ABC AB = 21 BC = 20 D E CA
CD = 8 DE = 12 EA = 9 DBE

<

12. ABC AB AC B C D
E OB OC CBD BCE
BAE 80 BOC ()
13. a + b + c = 1
ab + bc + ca = 2
abc = 3
a3 + b3 + c3
14. x x + x1 = 4 2 x3 13
x

15.
12 30

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

33

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

33

16. MB + MA = BC + AC BC = 8
AC = 10 MB
M

B
C

17. L1 (2, 0) (1, 2) L2 L1


x L1 L2
18. 100 90 1, 2, 4, 7, 11, ... 4,006
19. (1 + 3 )(1 + 3 )(1 + . 3. ). (1 + 3 ) ... (1 + 3 )(1 + 3 )
4
5
6
7
50
51
20. O OA OB A B
2x + y = 4 OA = OB AOB OAB

2 10 4
21. (x 2 3x 4) 3 + (2x 2 + x 1) 3
= (32x 2x 5)3
22. P(x) = x4 6x3 5x2 8x 6 P(x) x 7
x
23. p, g x2 + 5x + 1 = 0 r, s
x2 + 3x + 1 = 0 (p r)(g r)(p + s)(g + s)

34 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

34

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

24. (x2 + 5x + 6)(x2 + 20x + 96) 4x2


25. x, y 1 100 49 x2 + y2
(x, y) (y, x)
A

26.

B
N

R
M

S
F

P
T
Q

ABCD E, F, G H AB, BC, CD DA


AG, CE, DF BH MNPQ
R, S, T U MN, NP, PQ QM
15 ABCD
27. PA QC O A C
A

QC = PA 34 QA QB
PC PB

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

35

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

35

28. L 43 x2 + y2 4x + 2y 4 = 0
A B C (1, 2)
ABC
29. 89 3
1
1
2
2 3
3
5 6 7
4
10 11 12 13
4 3 12
3 3 7

4
8
14

9
15

16

30. ABC A BC D B
AD E HG E AC BC G AB H
AB = 26, BC = 28, AC = 30 DG

36 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

36

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

.. 2549

1.
2. 30 2 100
1 20 1-20 3 60
2 10 21-30 4 40
3. 2

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

37

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

37

3
.. 2549

1 20 3
1. 5 6375600
5

6375600 = 102 22 32 7 11 23
= 102 2 3 21 22 23
= 52 22 2 3 21 22 23
= 21 22 23 24 25
22, 23 24 = 22 + 23 + 24 = 69
69
2. 2,548 2,546 2,544 2,542 + 16

a = 2,545
(2,548)(2,546)(2,544)(2,542) + 16
= (a + 3)(a + 1)(a 1)(a 3) + 16
= (a2 9)(a2 1) + 16
= a4 10a2 + 9 + 16
= a4 10a2 + 25
= (a2 5)2 = a2 5
= 2,5452 5
6,477,020

38 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

38

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

3. 1 600 3 5 7

600
3 3
= 200
5 600
= 120
5
7 600
= 85
7
3 5 3600
= 40
5
5 7 5600
= 17
7
7 3 7600
= 28
3
3, 5, 7 600
= 5
105
1 600 3 5 7 200 + 120 +
85 40 17 28 + 5 = 325
1 600 3 5 7
600 325 = 275
275
4. x 1 x 65 ... x 65 1
x

... x 65 1 x 5 13
5 5, 10, 15, ..., 65
5(1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 13)
= 5 (132 )(13 + 1)
= 5 13 7 = 455
13 13, 26, 39, 52 130
5 13 585
1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 65
= 652 (65 + 1)
= 65(33)
= 2,145
x
= 2,145 585 = 1,560
1,560
3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

39

12/9/08, 10:25 AM

39

5. 1 1,000

1 0 0 0
2
0 0 9 1 = 9
3 0
9 10 1 = 90
0
9 1 10 = 90
4 3 1,000 0 3
0 90 + 90 + 9 + 3 = 189 + 3 = 192
192
6. A = 3x1 2 9x x A

x
3x1 2 9x = 3 2 32x x
3
= 2 32x + 3
3
3x + 1 2 1 2
2x
= 2 3 6 ( ) ( )
12 12
= 2(3x 1 )2 + 2
12 144
2 = 1

144 72
1
72

40 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

40

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

7. ABCD M, N AD AB
BC
x
M

5
17

AMN;

x2 + y2 = ( 5)2
x2 + y2 = 5 ......................
MDC;
x2 + (2y)2 = ( 17)2
x2 + 4y2 = 17 ......................

3y2 = 12
y2 = 4
y
y = 2
x2 + 4 = 5
x
= 1
BC = 2x = 2(1)
= 2
2

7
8. (x, y) x 3 = 1 x, y
y

7 3 = 1 ........................... 
x y
xy  7y 3x = xy
xy 7y + 3x = 0
xy 7y + 3x 21 = 21
3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

41

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

41

(x 7)(y + 3) = 21 x 0 y 0
(x 7, y + 3) = (1, 21), (3, 7), (7, 3), (21, 1), (1, 21), (3, 7), (7, 3), (21, 1)
8 (x, y) = (0, 0) 1
(x 7, y + 3) = (7, 3) x = 0, y = 0
7
7
9. x, y y + 2 + 17 = 8 x (x, y)
x xy
y

xy
y(y + 2) + 17 = x (8 x)
y2 + 2y + 17 = 8x x2
(y2 + 2y + 1) + (x2 8x + 16) = 0
(y +1)2 + (x 4)2 = 0
y = 1, x = 4
4, 1
10. P(x) = P(P(x + 23)) x < 2,024 P(x) = x 17 x 2,024
P(2,549) + P(2,006)

P(x) = P(P(x + 23)) x < 2,024


P(x) = x 17
x 2,024
x = 2,549; P(2,549) = 2,549 17
= 2,532
x = 2,006; P(2,006) = P(P(2,006 + 23))
= P(P(2,029))
= (P(2,029 17))
= (P(,2012))

42 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

42

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
P(2,549) + P(2,006) =
4,539

P(P(2,012 + 23))
P(P(2,035))
P(2,035 17)
P(2,018)
P(P(2,018 + 23))
P(P(2,041))
P(2,041 17)
P(2,024)
2,024 17
2,007
2,532 + 2,007 = 4,539

11. ABC AB = 21, BC = 20, D E CA


CD = 8, DE = 12 EA = 9 DBE

C
8
AB2 + BC2 = (AC)2 ABC
D
B = 90
20
12
AD = AB
ADB = ABD = 90 A2
E
x
CE = BC
B
CEB = CBE = 90 C2
21

<

<

<

<

<

<

<

<

<

(90 A2 ) + (90 C2 ) + x = 180


<

<

<

x = ( A +2 C )
= 902

45
3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

43

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

43

<

12. ABC AB AC .B .C
.D .E OB OC CBD BCE
BAE 80 BOC ()

A
x+y
= 100
80
x + 2a = y + 2b = 180
x + y + 2(a + b) = 360
y C
B x
2(a + b)
= 260
b
a
a
b
a+b
= 130
D
E
m
= 50
m
O
50

13. a + b + c = 1
ab + bc + ca = 2
abc = 3
a3 + b3 + c3

a3 + b3 + c3 3abc = (a + b + c)(a2 + b2 + c2 ab bc ca)


= (1)((a2 + b2 + c2) (ab + bc + ca))
a3 + b3 + c3 3(3)
a3 + b3 + c3 9
= a2 + b2 + c2 2
= a2 + b2 + c2 + 7 .....................
a3 + b3 + c3
a + b + c = 1
a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2bc + 2ac = 1
= 1
a2 + b2 + c2 + 2(2)
2
2
2
a +b +c
= 3
3
3
3
a +b +c
= 3 + 7 = 4
4

44 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

44

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

14. x x + 1 = 4 2 x3 13
x
x

12
= (4 2)2
x
+
( x)
= 32
x2 + 2 + 12
x
= 30
x2 + 12
x
= 28
x2 2 + 12
x
2
= 28
(x x1 )
x x1

= 2 7

x3 13
x

= (x 1 )(x2 + 1 + 12 )
x
x
x3 13 = 2 7 (31)
x
= 62 7

62 7
15.
12 30

ABC; Sin 30
= 6
x
D
6
x
= 1
A
30
60
2
x
= 12
B 6
C
24
24

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

45

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

45

16. MB + MA = BC + AC
BC = 8 AC = 10 MB
M

B
C

MB + MA = BC + AC
BC = 8 AC = 10
MB + MA
= BC + AC
= 8 + 10
= 18
MA = 18 MB

= (MB + BC)2 + (AC)2


(MA)2
(18 MB)2 = (MB + 8)2 + 102
324 36MB + MB2
= MB2 + 16MB + 164
52MB
= 160
MB
= 160
52
= 40
13
= 31
13
3 131

46 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

46

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

17. L1 (2, 0) (1, 2) L2 L1


x L1 L2

L1 (2, 0), (1, 2) (x, y)


02
y 0 = 2 + 1 = 2
x+2
y = 2(x + 2)
L2 (0, 0) 12 y = 12 x

12 x = 2(x + 2)
x = 4x 8
5x = 8

(1, 2)

(85 , 45) A

= 85 y = 45
L1 L2 = ( 85 , 45 )
AOB 2 4
5
OAB = 12 OB
x

L2

(2, 0) B
L1

= 12 (2)( 45 )
= 0.8
0.8
18. 100 90 1, 2, 4, 7, 11, ... 4,006

1 2 4 7 11
1 2 3 4
1 1 1

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

47

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

47

n an2 + bn + c
an = an2 + bn + c
a1 = a + b + c = 1
a2 = 4a + 2b + c = 2
a3 = 9a + 3b + c = 4
; a + b + c
4a + 2b + c
9a + 3b + c
3a + b
5a + b
2a
a = 12

=
=
=
=
=
=

1 ..........................
2 ..........................
3 ..........................
1 ..........................
2 ..........................
1

3( 12 ) + b = 1
b = 1 32 = 12
a, b
12 12
c =
an =

+c = 1
1
1 n2 1 n + 1
2
2

n = 90 a90

a100 a100

1 (90)2 1 (90) + 1
2
2
= 8,100 45 + 1 = 4,050 44
2
= 4,006
= 12 (100)2 12 (100) + 1
=

= 10,000
2 50 + 1
= 5,000 49
= 4,951
4,951
48 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

48

12/9/08, 10:26 AM

19. (1 + 3 )(1 + 3 )(1 + . 3. ). (1 + 3 ) ...(1 + 3 )(1 + 3 )


51
50
4
5
6
7

7 8 9 10 ... 52 53 54
4 5 6 7 49 50 51
= 524 535 654
= 13 553 9
=

1,240.2

1,240.2
20. O OA OB A B 2x + y = 4
OA = OB AOB OAB

y
A

E
x

O
B

OAB = 12 (OB)(OA)
OAB = 12 (AB)(OE)
OE = 0 + 0 4 ( OE (0, 0) 2x + y 4 = 0
5
<

<

AOE BOE OAE = OBE = 45 OE = AE = BE


OAB = 1 8 4 = 16

2 ( 5 )( 5 )

165 3.2
3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

49

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

49

2 10 4
21.
(x2 3x 4)3 + (2x2 + x 1)3 = (3x2 2x 5)3

a = x2 3x 4, b = 2x2 + x 1, c = 3x2 2x 5 a + b = c
= c3
a3 + b3
(a + b)3
= c3 = a3 + 3ab(a + b) + b3
a + b = c 3abc = 0
a3 + b3
= a3 + 3abc + b3
a = 0 x3 3x 4 = 0 x = 4, 1
b = 0 2x2 x 1 = 0 x = 12 , 1
c = 0 3x2 2x 5 = 0 x = 53, 1
1, 12 , 53 , 4
1 + 12 + 53 + 4 = 5 16
5 16
22. P(x) = x4 6x3 5x2 8x 6 P(x) x 7
x

x3 + x2 + 2x + 6
x 7 )x4 6x3 5x2 8x 6
x4 7x3
x3 5x2
x3 7x2
2x2 8x
2x2 14x
6x 6
6x 42

36
50 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

50

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

x 7 36
36 = 22 32 36 18
x 7 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 6, 6, 9, 9, 12, 12, 18, 18, 36, 36
x x 7 = 9, x 7 = 12
x 7 = 18 x 7 = 36
x 18 4 = 14
4 18
14
14
23. p, g x2 + 5x + 1 = 0 r, s
x2 + 3x + 1 = 0 (p r) (g r) (p + s) (g + s)
p, g x2 + 5x + 1 = 0
p + g = 5, pg = 1
r, s x2 + 3x + 1 = 0
r + s = 3, rs = 1
(p r)(g r)(p + s) (g + s)
= (p r)(g + s)(g r)(p + s)
= [pg + ps rg rs][pg + gs rp rs]
= [1 + ps rg 1][1 + gs rp 1]
= (ps rg)(gs rp)
= pgs2 p2sr rsg2 + r2pg
= s2 p2 g2 + r2
= (s2 + r2) (p2 + g2)
= [(s + r)2 2sr] [(p + g)2 2pg]
= [(3)2 2] [(5)2 2]
= (7) (23) = 16
16

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

51

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

51

24. (x2 + 5x + 6)(x2 + 20x + 96) 4x2

(x + 3)(x + 2)(x + 12)(x + 8) 4x2


= (x + 3)(x + 8)(x +2)(x + 12) 4x2
= (x2 + 11x + 24)(x2 + 14x + 24) 4x2
= (x2 + 24 + 11x)(x2 + 24 + 14x) 4x2
= (x2 + 24)2 + 25x)(x2 + 24) + 154x2 4x2
= (x2 + 24)2 + 25x(x2 + 24) + 150x2
= (x2 + 24 + 15x)(x2 + 24 + 10x)
= (x2 + 15x + 24)(x2 + 10x + 24)
= (x2 + 15x + 24)(x + 4)(x + 6)
(x2 + 15x+ 24)(x + 4 )(x + 6)
25. x, y 1 100 49 x2 + y2
(x, y) (y, x)

x2 + y2 49 x2 + y2 7
x2 7 0, 1, 2 4
y2
x2 + y2 7 0 + 0 = 0
x2 + y2 7 x2 y2 7
x y 7 x2 + y2 49
x y
100
100 = 7 14 + 2 7 1 100 14
142 14 + 14 = 142 14 + 2(14)

2
2
2
= 14 + 14 = 14(142 + 1)
2
=
7(15)
=
105
105
52 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

52

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

26.

B
N

R
M
H

S
F

P
T
Q

D
G

ABCD E, F, G H AB, BC, CD DA


AG, CE, DF BH MNPQ
R, S, T U MN, NP, PQ QM
15 ABCD

MNPQ 5 = 5 15
ABCD 5 MNPQ = 5 5 15
375

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

53

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

53

27. PA QC O A C
A

QC = 34 PA QA QB
PC PB

BCQ CAQ
BQ = CQ

QA
QC

BQ AQ = (QC)2 .......................................
ABP CAP
AP = BP

AP
CP

QA QB

PC PB

CP BP

= AP2 ................................
2
= ( QC ) = 9
16
AP

169

54 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

54

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

28. L 43 x2 + y2 4x + 2y 4 = 0
A B C (1, 2)
ABC

x2 + y2 4x + 2y 4 = 0
(x2 4x + 4) + y2 + 2y + 1 = 4 + 4 + 1
(x 2)2 + (y + 1)2 = 9
A
(2, 1) 3
(2, 1)
L 43 (2, 1)
D
4
y + 1
= 3 (x 2)
3y + 3
= 4x + 8
B
v
4x + 3y 5 = 0
C
CD (1, 2)
(1, 2)
4x + 3y 5 = 0
CD = 4(1) +2 3(2)2 5 = 155 = 3
4 +3
= 12 3 6 = 9 (AB 6 )
9

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

55

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

55

29. 89 3
1
1
2
2 3 4
3
5 6 7 8 9
4
10 11 12 13 14 15 16
4 3 12
3 3 7
1
1 12 = 1
2 22 = 4
3 32 = 9
.
.
.
88 882 = 7,744
89 7,744 + 3 = 7,747
2
1, 2, 5, 10, 17, ...
1 3 5 7
2 2 2
an = an2 + bn + c
a1 = a + b + c = 1...............................
a2 = 4a + 2b + c = 2...............................
a3 = 9a + 3b + c = 5...............................
, 5a + b
= 3...............................
, 3a + b
= 1...............................
2a + (1)
= 2
a
= 2
a = 1

b = 2
a = 1, b = 2

c = 2
= n2 2n + 2
an
56 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

56

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

= (n 1)2 + 1
a89
= (89 1)2 + 1
= 882 + 1 = 7,744 + 7,745
89 3 7,745 + 2 = 7,747
7,747
30. ABC A BC D B
AD E HG E AC BC G AB H
AB = 26, BC = 28, AC = 30 DG

1) = ^2 ()
2) = ^5 ()
A
3) ^2 = ^5
5 1
4) AHE, AH = HE
5) AEB
H
^
4 ^5
2
3 E
^
^
3 2
C
4
G
^ ^
^ ^
D
2 = 5 3 = 4
B
HEB BH = HE
AH = HE = HB
ABC HG // AC H AB
G BC BG = 14
ABC, AD A
BD
AB = BC ...........................................
AC

BD = x DC = 28 x

26 = x
28 x
30
x = 13 = BD
DG = 1
1
3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 31-57

57

12/9/08, 10:27 AM

57

3
.. 2550

A 59-88

59

12/9/08, 10:28 AM

.. 2550

1.
2. 30 2 100
1 20 3 60
2 10 4 40
3. 1 30

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

61

12/9/08, 10:28 AM

61

3
.. 2550

100 2
1 20 3
2 10 4
1
1. 2550
2. 1 + 1 6 = 48
39 x
1+ x
1+ 5
3. 1 + 2 (1 + 1 ) + 3(1 + 1 ) +4( 1 +
2
3

1) + ... + 100 (1 + 1 )
4
100

4. 2514, 4258, 8171, 16128 32103


5. 2 9,999 10% 10%

3
3
6. x = 5 +2 1 y = 5 2 1 x6 y6 3x2y2(x2 y2)

7. 100 1
2,195

62 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

62

12/9/08, 10:28 AM

8. ABC 18 AB = BC, BE AC AD BC
AC = 4 AD
A
E
C

B
D

9. (5, 0), (0, 0)


y = x2 + 5x + 7
10.
n f(n) n
f(2007)

11. ABCDEF
ABCDEF a : b ... a b 1
a2 + b2
B
A
F

C
E

12. 2404 2400 + 45


2400 + 3
13. 1 1000 1 1
2 a b 0
b
... a b 1 a + b

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

63

12/9/08, 10:28 AM

63

14. 30
12
3
15. 14

( = 227)
16. 1,386
30
( = 227)
17. x 3y = 1 2x2 3xy 20 = 0

18. ABC BCA BN CM


BN CM BC 6 BN
C
N
O
M

19. A 80 45
B A 120
20 10 90
B A A
20. 2 107
4 58

64 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

64

12/9/08, 10:28 AM

2
21.
1
22. A 15
50 45
2 ( 3 = 1.732)
23. d ... n 1 n2 + n + 1 n d

8 + A + B A B
24. 19x
2
2x x 21 2x 7 x + 3
25. ABCD 28 M AD
AM = 3MD, I CD IBM ABM N
CD BN IBC BMN
26.

60a

= 3

60b

= 5

1ab
122(1 b)

27. ABCD 900 O


E, F AD E A F
DF = 400 EOF = 45 AE
28. ABCDEFGH 2, 2 2, 4, 4 2, 6, 7, 7
8

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

65

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

65

29. x, y z
x2(y + z)2 = (3x2 + x + 1)y2z2
y2(z + x)2 = (4y2 + y + 1)z2x2
z2(x + y)2 = (5z2 + z + 1)x2y2
x1 + y1 + 1z
30. ABC A(1, 6), B(2, 3) C(3, 4) A
3 2 B Y
C 180
ABC

66 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

66

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

.. 2550

1.
2. 30 2 100
1 20 3 60
2 10 4 40
3. 1 30

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

67

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

67

3
.. 2550

100 2
1 20 3
2 10 4
1
1. 2,550

2,550 =
25(102)
= 52 2 51
= 52 2 3 17
= 2 3 52 17
(1 + 2)(1 + 3)(1 + 5 + 52)(1 + 17)
= (3)(4)(31)(18)
= 6,696
6,696

68 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

68

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

1 = 48 x
1 + 6 x 39
1+ 5

48
= 1 + 399
39

2. 1 +

= 1 + 391
9
1
= 1+
1 + 309
1
=
1 + 69
5
=

1
1 +6 4
1+ 5

= 4

4
3. 1 + 2 (1 + 1 ) + 3 (1 + 13 ) + 4 (1 + 14 ) + ... + 100 (1 + 1 )
100
2

1)
1 + 2 (1 + 12 ) + 3 (1 + 13 ) + 4 (1 + 14 ) + ... + 100 (1 + 100
= 1 + 2( 32 ) + 3( 4 ) + 4( 5 )+ ... + 100( 101 )
100
3
4
= 1 + 3 + 4 + 5 + ... + 101
= 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + ... + 101 2
= ( 101
2 )(101 + 1) 2
= 5,149
5,149

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

69

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

69

4. 2514, 4258, 8171, 16128 32103

2
2514
= 2514
4258
= (22)258 = 2516
8171
= (23)171 = 2513
16128 = (24)128 = 2512
32103 = (25)103 = 2515

2512 = 16128, 2513 = 8171, 2514, 2515 = 32103, 2516 = 4258
16128, 8171, 2514, 32103, 4258
16128, 8171, 2514, 32103, 4258
5. 2 9,999 10% 10%

10%
110
100
100
9,999 = 9,090
9,999
110
909
2 10%
90
100
100 9,999
9,999
= 11,110
90
2 11,110 9,999 = 1,111
2 1,111 909 = 202
202

70 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

70

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

3
3
6. x = 5 +2 1 y = 5 2 1 x6 y6 3x2y2(x2 y2)

x6 y6 3x2y2(x2 y2) = (x2)3 (y2)3 3(x2)2y2 + 3x2(y2)2


= (x2 y2)3
= [(x y)(x + y)]3

3
3
= [( 2 5 2 1 )( 5 +2 1 + 5 2 1 )
= (1 3 5 )3
= 5
35+1 3

5
7. 100 1
2,195

1
2,195
1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 60 = 602 (60 + 1)
= 30(61) = 1,830
1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 66 = 66 (67) = 2,211
2
2,211 2,195 = 16
16
1 + 2 + 3 +...+ 66 + 67 = 2,278
2,278 2,195 = 83
= 41 + 42
67
67

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

71

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

71

8. ABC 18 AB = BC, BE AC AD BC
AC = 4 AD
A
E
C

B
D

ABC AB = BC ABC
^
^ = BAC
BCA
AE = EC = 2 ( )
ABC
= 12 AC BE
18
= 12 4 BE
BE
= 9
BCE; BC2
= 92 + 22
BC
= 85
^ = ACD,
^ BEC
^ = ADC,
^ CAD
^
^ = CBE)
ADC BEC (BCE
AD
= 4
9
85
AD
= 36
85
AD
= 368585
AD 368585
368585

72 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

72

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

9. (5, 0), (0, 0)


y = x2 + 5x + 7

y
= x2 + 5x + 7
= x2 + 5x + ( 52 )2 + 7 ( 52)2
= (x + 52 )2 + 7 254
= (x + 52 )2 + 34
( 52 , 34 ), (5, 0), (0, 0)
. = 12 (5) ( 34 )
15
8
10.
n f(n) n
f(2,007)

...

(n)

13

17

...

4n + 1

(n) = 4n + 1
(2,007) = (4 2,007) + 1 = 8,029
8,029

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

73

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

73

11. ABCDEF
ABCDEF a : b ... a b 1
a2 + b2
B
A
F

C
D

3 4
2
18 1 5 6
F 16 15 7 8
17 12 11 9
13 10
14

= 12 = 2
18 3
a = 2, b = 3
23 + 32 = 4 + 9 = 13
12. 2404 2400 + 45
2400 + 3

24 1
+ 45
2400 + 3)2404 2400
+ 3.24
2404
2400 3.24 + 45
2400
3
48 + 48
24 1 = 15
15
74 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

74

12/9/08, 10:29 AM

13. 1 1000 1 1
2 a b 0
b
... a b 1 a + b

1000
22, 42, ..., (30)2 15
15 = 3
1000
200
a = 3, b = 200
a + b = 203
203
14. 30
12
3

12

30

12
sin 30 = x
1
12
2 = x

= 24
3 24
8 /
8

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

75

12/9/08, 10:30 AM

75

15. 14

( = 22 )
7
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901
123456789012345678901

14

= r2 ( 1 14 14)
2
= ( 227 7 7) (7 14)
= 7(22 14) = 56
56 = 4
7 14 7
4
7
16. 1,386
30
( = 227 )

r2
r2
r2
r
2r

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1,386
1,386 227
63 7
21
2 227 21
132
66

76 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

76

12/9/08, 10:30 AM

30
31 35 = 1,085
32 34 = 1,088
33 33 = 1,089
1,089
17. x 3y = 1 2x2 3xy 20 = 0

x 3y
= 1 .............................. 
2x2 3xy 20 = 0 .............................. 
; x = 1 + 3y 
2(1 + 3y)2 3(1 + 3y)y 20 = 0
2(1 + 6y + 9y2) (3y + 9y2) 20 = 0
2 + 12y + 18y2 3y 9y2 20 = 0
= 0
9y2 + 9y 18
= 0
y2 + y 2
= 0
(y 1)(y + 2)
y
= 1 2
y = 1 x = 1 + 3 = 4
y = 2 x = 1 + 3(2) = 5
(4, 1) (5, 2)
Y

(4, 1)
3

(5, 2)
9

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

77

12/9/08, 10:30 AM

77

(4, 1) (5, 2) (5 4)2 + (2 1)2


= 81 + 9
= 90

= 3 10
3 10
18. ABC BCA BN CM
BN CM BC 6 BN
C

N
O

^ = BOC
^ 90
1. BCN
^ = OBC
^ ()
2. CBN
^ = BCO
^ ( 1, 2 )
3. BNC
4. BCN BOC ( 1, 2, 3)
BC
BN
BC = BO
BN = 3x BO = 2x
6
3x =
6
2x
6x2 = 6
x2 = 1
x = 1 ( 1 )
BN 3(1) = 3
3

78 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

78

12/9/08, 10:30 AM

19. A 80 45
B A 120
20 10 90
B A A

A x . 80 ./. 80x
B 120 ./. 20 120 20 = 40
60
B 10 90 ./. x 75
.
60
90(x 54 )

80x = 40 + 90(x 54 )
10x = 145
2
x
= 145
20
x

= 71
4

A 7 15
A 7 15

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

79

12/9/08, 10:30 AM

79

20. 2 107
4 58

xy
2 xy ++ 22 = 7 .................
10
4 xy 44 = 58 .................
; 10x + 20
10x 7y
50x 35y
; 8x 32
8x 5y
56x 35y
6x
x
x
x = 19 y
y
19
28
19
28

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

7y + 14
6
30
5y 20 ...........................
12
84 ...................................
114
114
6
19
12 152
5
28

80 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

80

12/9/08, 10:30 AM

2
21.
1

y
Q
1

PQR
y
CQ = RB = x
QA = AR = 1 x
PCQ y2 = 1 + x2
ARQ y2 = (1 x)2 + (1 x)2
1 + x2
= 1 2x + x2 + 1 2x + x2
x2 4x + 1 = 0
x
= 4 16 4
2

= 2 3
x
= 2 3 ( 2 + 3 > 1)
= 1 + x2
y2
y2
= 1+44 3+3
y
= 8 4 3
= 2 2 3
2 2 3

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

81

12/9/08, 10:30 AM

81

22. A 15
50 45
2 ( 3 = 1.732)

x
15
A

30
E

45
B

)
x

E DE DEB = 30
DC = x = BC
= x
DEC; sin 30
DE
1
x
2 = DE
DE = 2x
AED; DEA = 180 30 = 150
ADE = 15
AED
AE = 2x
x
=
DEC; tan 30
EB + x
1 =
x
3
EB + x
EB =
x =

3 x x = ( 3 1)x = 50 2x
50 3 1 = 50( 3 1)
2
3+1 31

= 25(1.732 1) = 25(0.732) = 18.30


18.30

82 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

82

12/9/08, 10:30 AM

23. d ... n 1 n2 + n + 1 n d

n2 + n + 1 = (n 1)(n + 2) + 3
d ... n 1 n2 + n + 1
d n 1 d n2 + n + 1
d (n 1)(n + 2) + 3
d (n 1)(n + 2) d 3
d 1 3
d 1 + 3 = 4
4
24.

19x 8
2x2 x 21

A + B A B
2x 7 x + 3

19x 8
2x2 x 21

A + B
2x 7 x + 3
= A(x + 3) + B(2x 7)
(2x 7)(x + 3)
+ (3A 7B)
= (A + 2B)x
2
2x x 21
=


A + 2B = 19 ...........................................
3A 7B = 8 ...........................................
57 ...........................................
3, 3A + 6B =
, 13B
= 65
B
= 5
A
= 9
A B = 9 5 = 2
2
3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

83

12/9/08, 10:30 AM

83

25. ABCD 28 M AD
AM = 3MD, I CD IBM ABM N
CD BN IBC BMN

28

x
21

M
7

D
I

N x

BCN B 90
BNM BNM (...)
^ = BNM
^ = BNC
^
BNM
BSN BCN
CN = x ND = 28 x MN = 21 + x
DMN; (28 x)2 + 72 = (21 + x)2
x=4
MDN = 12 7 24 = 84
BMN = 282 12 21 28 12 4 28 84
= 28(28 21 2+ 4 ) 84
= 28 2 31 84
= 350
350

84 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

84

12/9/08, 10:31 AM

60a

60b

1ab
2(1
12 b)

26. = 3 = 5

12
= 605 = 60b = 601 b
60
12

1ab
2(1 b)

1ab
1

b
(60 )2(1 1 b)
(601 a b)2 1
60 2 =
a
60 60b

=
=
= (
= 2

( 3 60 5 )2
1

2
27. ABCD 900 O
E, F AD E A F
DF = 400 EOF = 45 AE

AE = x
A
B
EF = 500 x
x
E
P CD
DP = AE
O
45
500 x
45
OP
F
AOE DOP
C
D
P
FP
OEF OFP
FP = 500 x
FDP (500 x)2 = x2 + 4002
x = 90

90

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

85

12/9/08, 10:31 AM

85

28. ABCDEFGH 2, 2 2, 4, 4 2, 6, 7, 7
8

45

2 2

45

(
45

7 2
2

45

11
4
G

C
2
D
4 2

45

45

7 2
2

7 2
2

( 45
7 2
2

= (6 + 7 2 2)(10 + 7 2 2) 12 (22 + 42 + 2( 7 2 2 )2)


= 60 + 56 2 + 492 10 492

. ABCDEFGH

= 50 + 56 2
50 + 56 2
29. x, y z
x2(y + z)2 = (3x2 + x + 1)y2z2
y2(z + x)2 = (4y2 + y + 1)z2x2
z2(x + y)2 = (5z2 + z + 1)x2y2
x1 + y1 + 1z

( y1 + 1z )2
( 1z + x1 )2
( x1 + y1 )2

=
=
=

1+ 1 +3
x2 x
1+ 1 +4
y2 y
1+ 1 +5
z2 z

= ( 1 + 1 )2 + 11
x 2 4
= ( y1 + 12 )2 + 154
= ( 1z + 12 )2 + 194

86 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

86

12/9/08, 10:31 AM

11 ...................
4
15 ...................
4
19 ...................
4

( y1 + 1z x1 12 ) ( x1 + y1 + 1z + 12 ) =
( 1z + x1 y1 12 ) ( x1 + y1 + 1z + 12 ) =
( x1 + y1 1z 12 ) ( x1 + y1 + 1z + 12 ) =
++

( x1 + y1 + 1z 32 )( x1 + y1 + 1z + 12 ) =

45
4

a = x1 + y1 + 1z a2 a 34

45
4

=
=
=

0
4
4

a2 a 12
a
1+1+1
x y z
4

30. ABC A(1, 6), B(2, 3) C(3, 4) A


3 2 B Y
C 180
ABC

Y
6 A(1, 6)

A(4, 8)

8
4
B(2, 3)

2
2

1
2
4

3
C(3 4)

6
4
C(3, 4)

B(2, 3)
X

4 2

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

87

12/9/08, 10:31 AM

87

A(1, 6) 3 2 A(4, 8)
B(2, 3) Y B(2, 3)
C(3, 4) 180 C(3, 4)
. ABC = (5 10) 12 {(3 3) + (2 10) + (7 5)}
= 50 32 = 18
. ABC= 7 5 12 (2 5 + 5 1 + 7 4)
= 35 21.5 = 13.5
. ABC 13.5
. ABC = 18
34

88 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 59-88

88

12/9/08, 10:31 AM


3 ( 1)
.. 2550

1. 30 100
2. 30 2 100
1 20 3 60
2 10 4 40
3. 1 30

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

89

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

89

3 ( 1)
.. 2550

100 2
1 20 3
2 10 4
1
1. m, n, p q mnpq = 27000001 m + n + p + q

2. x = 3 + 1 1
x
4+
3 + 4 +1 ...
3. 500 2, 3, 4, 5 6
1 7

4. 3,440 20 50 100 72

5. a ... 234 324 b, c 10 10


a = 234b + 324c a + b + c
6. (1 12 )(1 12 )(1 12 ) ... (1 1 2 )
2
3
4
(2,007)
7. A = 0.5(22,550 + 22,550), B = 0.5(22,550 22,550) A2 B2

90 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

90

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

8. x x% y y y% z x, y, z
y + z
9. x x x x 99 = 99
10. ABC M BC AB = 4 , AM = 3
AC = 8 BC
A
8
4

3
C

11. N = 10296 10259 + 10222 10185 + 10148 10111 + 1074 1037 + 1


1

N = 0.d1 d2 d3 ... dm m
m
12. (x + 5)3 + (3x 2)4 (2x + 1)5 x3
13. x + y = 11 x2 + y2 = 16 x4 + y4
14. x n(x) x
n(517) = 5 + 1 + 7 = 13 n(3229) = 3 + 2 + 2 + 9 = 16
y = (10k + 2 + 3.10k)2 k n(y)
15. 2 5
2 143
( = 22)
7

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

91

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

91

16. a + b + c = 4 1 + 1 + 1 = 0 a2 + b2 + c2
a b c
17. P y = x2 3x P P
4 3 P (2, 2a 4 ) a
5
18. 2 : 3
1.2
20
5 4
5

19.
6 ( 2 3
3 2) 2
9 11
20. O P C D AB
^
^ = 107 ADB
ACB

A
C
O

B
P

92 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

92

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

2
^ = 66 , D AB,
21. ABC AB = AC, BAC
E AC DE = BD + CE I BC DI
^ DIE
^
BDE

22. ABC AB = AC, P AC Q


^
AB AP = PQ = QB = BC BAC
23. a, b, c d
a = 82 58 a
b = 82 + 58 b
c = 82 58 + c
d = 82 + 58 + d abcd
^ = 100 , M
24. ABC BAC
^ = 5 BMA
^
^ = 10 MCA
MBA
^ = 81 , CAD
^ = 27 , ABD
^ = 36 CBD
^ = 30
25. ABCD BAC
^
ADC

26. ABC O P OA Q
^ 4 OPQ
^ ACB
^
BC ABC
^ OPQ
^
6 OPQ
27. AB 99 P
^ 135 ( )
APB

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

93

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

93

28. (x1, y1), (x2, y2) (x3, y3)


x3 3xy2 = 1,999
y3 3x2y = 1,998

x1
x2
x3
(1 y )(1 y )(1 y )
1

29.
10x2 + 5y2 2xy 38x 6y + 41 = 0
3x2 2y2 + 5xy 17x 6y + 20 = 0
x3 + y3
30.
a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + an = 96
a12 + a22 + a32 + ... + an2 = 144
a13 + a23 + a33 + ... + an3 = 216
ai i = 1, 2, 3, ..., n a14 + a24 + a34 + ... + an4

94 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

94

12/9/08, 10:32 AM


3 ( 1)
.. 2550

1. 30 100
2. 30 2 100
1 20 3 60
2 10 4 40
3. 1 30

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

95

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

95

3 ( 1)
.. 2550

100 2
1 20 3 2 10 4
1
1. m, n, p q mnpq = 27000001 m + n + p + q

27000001
= 27000000 + 1
= (300)3 + 13
301
= 7 43
2
300 300 + 1 = 9x4 3x2 + 1 x = 10
= 9x4 + 6x2 + 1 9x2
= (3x2 + 1)2 (3x)2
= (3x2 3x + 1)(3x2 + 3x + 1)
= 271 331
27000001
= 7 43 271 331
m + n + p + q = 7 + 43 + 271 + 331
= 652
652

96 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

96

12/9/08, 10:32 AM

2. x = 3 + 1 1
x
4+
3 + 4 +1 ...

= 3 + 11
4+
3 + 4 +1 ...
= 3 + 11
4 +x
= 3 + 4x x+ 1 3

x
x3

4x2 12x 3 = 0
+ 48
x
= 12 144
8
x
= 12 8 8 3
x

32 3
2

32 3
2

3 22 3

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

97

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

97

3. 500 2, 3, 4, 5 6
1 7

n = 60k + 1 (... 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 60)

7| (60k + 1)
k 1 n = 61
k 2 n = 121
k 3 n = 181
k 4 n = 241
k 5 n = 301
60k 7 56k

7| (60k + 1) 56k

7| (4k + 1)
k = 5 7| (4k + 1)
k 5 4k + 1
7| ((60)(5) + 1)
7| (301)
301

98 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

98

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

4. 3,440 20 50 100 72

1
20 2 40
50 100 70 3,400
50 x 50x
100 70 x 7,000 100x
50x + 7,000 100 x = 3,400
4,600
= 50 x
x
= 4,600 = 92
50
50 92
20 7 140
50 100 65 3,300
50 x 50x
100 65 x 6,500 100x
50 x + 6,500 100 x = 3,300
50 x
= 3,200
x
= 64

20
()
()

50
()

100
()

64(3,200)
56(2,800)
48(2,400)
40(2,000)
32(1,600)
24(1,200)
16(800)
8(400)
0(0)
8

1(100)
4(400)
7(700)
10(1,000)
13(1,300)
16(1,600)
19(1,900)
22(2,200)
25(2,500)
3

...
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

7(140)
12(240)
17(340)
22(440)
27(540)
32(640)
37(740)
42(840)
47(940)
5

50

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

99

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

99

x 20
y 50
z 100

x+y+z
= 72
.........................
2x + 5y + 10z = 344
.........................
z
= 72 x y
2x + 5y + 10(72 x y) = 344
2x + 5y + 720 10x 10y = 344
8x 5y
= 344 720
8x 5y
= 376
8x + 5y
= 376
8x
= 376 5y
x
= 47 5y8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

8,
x = 47 5 = 42,
z = 22
16,
x = 47 10 = 37,
z = 19
24,
x = 47 15 = 32,
z = 16
32,
x = 47 20 = 27,
z = 13
40,
x = 47 25 = 22,
z = 10
48,
x = 47 30 = 17,
z = 7
56,
x = 47 35 = 12,
z = 4
64,
x = 47 40 = 7,
z = 1
72, x = 47 5(72)
8 = 2, z = 2

100 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

100

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

5. a ... 234 324 b, c 10 10


a = 234b + 324c a + b + c

234 = 2 32 13

324 = 22 34
... 234 324 2 32 = 18 = a

a = 234b + 324c
18 = 2 32 (13b + 18c)
18 = 18(13(7) + 18(5))
b = 7, c = 5
a + b + c = 18 + 7 5 = 20
20
6. (1 12 )(1 12 )(1 12 ) ... (1 1 2 )
2
3
4
(2007)

(1 212 )(1 312 )(1 412 ) ... (1 1 2 )


(2007)
2
2
2
2
= ( 2 2 1 )( 3 2 1 )( 4 2 1 ) ... (2007 2 1)
(2007)
2
3
4
1)
= (2 + 1)(22 1) (3 + 1)(32 1) (4 + 1)(42 1) (5 + 1)(52 1) ... (2007 + 1)(2007
2
2007
2
3
4
5
... (2006 + 1)(2005)(2008)(2006)
= (3)(1)(4)(2)(5)(3)(6)(4)
2
2
2 3 42 52... (2007)2
2 2 2
2(2006)2(2007)(2008)
= (2)(3) (4) (5)2 ...2(2005)
2 3 42 52 ... (2007)2
1004
= 12 2008
2007 = 2007
1004
2007

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

101

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

101

7. A = 0.5(22550 + 2 2550), B = 0.5(22550 2 2550) A2 B2

A2 B2 = (A B)(A + B)
= (22550)(22550)
= 20
= 1
1
8. x x% y y y% z x, y, z
y + z

yz
y = y% z y = 100
100y yz = 0
y(100 z) = 0
y > 0 100 z = 0
z = 100
x
x = x% y xy = 100
y = 100
y + z = 100 + 100 = 200
200
9. x x x x 99 = 99

x x x x 99 = 99
99 = x x x x 99
x 99 = 99
x 99 = 992
x = 992 + 99
= 99(99 + 1)
= 99 100
9900
102 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

102

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

10. ABC M BC AB = 4 , AM = 3
AC = 8 BC
A
8
4

3
C

8
4

3
x-a

x
2x

ABO; AO2 = 42 (x a)2 ........


AOM; AO2 = 32 a2
........
= 42 (x a)2 = 32 a2
16 x2 + 2ax a2 = 9 a2
C
x2 2ax 7 = 0
.......
AOC; AO2 = 82 (a+x)2 .......
= 16 x2+ 2ax a2 = 64 a2 2ax x2
4ax = 48
ax = 12
x2 2(12) 7 = 0
x2 = 31
x = 31
BC = 2x
BC 2 31

2 31

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

103

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

103

11. N = 10296 10259 + 10222 10185 + 10148 10111 + 1074 1037 + 1


1

N = 0.d1 d2 d3 ... dm m
m

1 = 0.d1d2d3...dm
N
10m 1
N|(10m 1)
= 10333 + 1
(1037 + 1)N
(10333 1)(1037 + 1)N = 10666 1
N|(10666 1)
m = 666
666
12. (x + 5)3 + (3x 2)4 (2x + 1)5 x3

x3 (x + 5)3 1
x3 (3x 2)4 4 33 (2) = 216
x3 (2x + 1)5 10 23 1 = 80
x3 (x + 5)3 + (3x 2)4 (2x + 1)
1 + (216) 80 = 295
295

104 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

104

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

13. x + y = 11 x2 + y2 = 16 x4 + y4

= (x2 + y2)2 2x2y2


x4 + y4
= (16)2 2x2y2 ....................
x + y
= 11
....................
2
2
2
x + y + 2xy = 11
16 + 2xy = 11
2xy = 5
xy = 52
x4 + y4

= (16)2 2(52 )2
= 256 2( 254 )
= 256 ( 25 )
2
= 256 12.5 = 243.5

243.5
14. x n(x) x
n(517) = 5 + 1 + 7 = 13 n(3229) = 3 + 2 + 2 + 9 = 16
y = (10k + 2 + 3.10k)2 k n(y)

y
= (10k + 2 + 3.10k)2

y
= (10k (10 2 + 3.))2
= (10k (100 + 3))2
= (10k(103))2
= 102k(10609)

n(y) = 1 + 0 + 6 + 0 + 9 = 16
16

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

105

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

105

15. 2 5
2 143
( = 22)
7

A
ABC ~ ADE
2x
AB = 2x BD = 3x
C
B

1 (5)2(5x) 1 22(2x) = 1 x (125 8) ..


3x
3
3
3
E

D
5 .

= 1173x ..
2 . 143
117x = 23 143 ..
3
143 3 7 .
x = 8 117
22
3x = 28 3 3 .
28

28
16. a + b + c = 4 1 + 1 + 1 = 0 a2 + b2 + c2
a b c

a + b + c
= 4
a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2ac + 2bc = 16 .....................
a1 + b1 + c1 = 0
bc + ac + ab = 0
2bc + 2ac + 2ab
= 0
a2 + b2+ c2 + 0 = 16 a2 + b2 + c2 = 16
16

106 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

106

12/9/08, 10:33 AM

17. P y = x2 3x P P
4 3 P ( 2, 2a 4 ) a
5

y = x2 3x (3, 4)
y 4 = (x + 3)2 3(x + 3)
= x2 + 6x + 9 3x 9
y
= x2 + 3x + 4
(2, 2a 4 ) y = 2a 4 = (2)2 + 3(2) + 4
5
5
2a 4 = 5(4 + (6) + 4)
2a = 5 2 + 4
a
= 142 = 7
7
18. 2 : 3
1.2
20
5 45

1 2x /
2 3x /
3 y /
2 3 3x + y / 20
20(3x + y) = 1.2 1.2 1.2 1000
3x + y = 86.4 ......................
1 3 2x + y /
5 5(2x + y) = 15 1.2 1.2 1.2 1000

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

107

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

107

2x + y = 69.12 .....................
x = 17.28
y = 69.12 34.56
= 34.56
2 3 3 17.28 + 34.56 = 86.4 /
20 86.4 20 = 1728.0 = 12 12 12
1 3 2 17.28 + 34.56 = 69.12 /
5 5 69.12 = 345.6 12 345.6
12 12 = 0.2
1 0.2 = 0.8 = 4
5
3 34.56 /
34.56 /
19.
6 ( 2 3
3 2) 2
9 11

33

108 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

108

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

20. O P C D AB
^
^ = 107 ADB
ACB
A
C
O

B
P

CD ACD BCD
^ = ADC
^
1. BAC
^
^ = BDC
107
2. ABC
A
^ = 107
3. ACB

C
B
^ + ACB
^ = 180
^ + ABC
4. BAC
O
P
^ = 73
^ + ABC
5. BAC
3, 4
^ + BDC
^ + ABC
^ = ADC
^ 1, 2
D
6. BAC
^ + BDC
^ = 73
7. ADC
5, 6
73

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

109

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

109

2
^ = 66 , D AB,
21. ABC AB = AC, BAC
E AC DE = BD + CE I BC DI
^ DIE
^
BDE

66

M
E

57
B

57

57 C

M DE BD = MD
IM
DBI DMI (...)
^
^ = 57 BID
^ = MID
DMI
EM = EC
^ + ECI
^ = 180
IME
IMEC
^
^
EIM
= EIC
^ = MID
^ + EIM
^ = 180 = 90
DIE
2
90

110 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

110

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

22. ABC AB = AC, P AC Q


^
AB AP = PQ = QB = BC BAC

A
QR AC R
^ = 4
QP = QR QAP
4
^ = QRP
^ = 8
QPR
P
^ = 180 (4 + 180 16) = 12
BQR
^ = 90 6
^ = QRB
QBR
^ = 180 (90 6) 8 = 90 2
Q
BRC
^ = 180 4 = 90 2
R
BCR
2

BR = BC
C
BQR
12 = 60 , 4 = 20
^ = 20
BAC
20
23. a, b, c d
a = 82 58 a
b = 82 + 58 b
c = 82 58 + c
d = 82 + 58 + d abcd

= 82 58 a
a2
(a2 82)2 = 58 a
a4 164a2 + a + 6666 = 0
b4 164b2 + b + 6666 = 0
c4 164c2 c + 6666 = 0
d4 164d2 d + 6666 = 0

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

111

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

111

a, b, c, d
x4 164x2 x + 6666 = 0
abcd = 6666
6666
^ = 100 , M
24. ABC BAC
^ = 10 MCA
^ = 5 BMA
^
MBA

M
5

10
30

5
30

AD BC D BM E CE
^ = 50
CAD
^ = CEM
^ = 60
AEM
(
)
^
^
ACM = ECM = 5
M AEC
^ = CAM
^
^ = 25 AM EAC
EAM
^ = 180 60 25 = 95
AME
95

112 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

112

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

^ = 81 , CAD
^ = 27 , ABD
^ = 36 CBD
^ = 30
25. ABCD BAC
^
ADC

D
36

24

A
81

54
66
66

E
36 30

^ = 36 = ABD
^
BDA
AB = AD
^ = 66
AE BC E AEB
^ = 48
ED AB = AE BAE

^ = ECA
^ = 33 AE = CE
EAC
^ = 60 AE = AD
EAD
ADE
AD = AE = ED
^ = ECD
^ = 180 54 = 63
EDC
2
^ = 123
ADC
123

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

113

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

113

26. ABC O P OA Q
^ 4 OPQ
^ ACB
^
BC ABC
^ OPQ
^
6 OPQ

P
O
B

^ = x ABC
^ = 4x ACB
^ = 6x
OPQ
^ = 8x
OC AOC
^ = OCA
^ = 90 4x
OAC
^ = 10x 90

OCQ
^ = 180 10x
QOC
^ = 180 2x

POQ
^ = x
OQP

OP = OQ = OC
2
^ = 30 = 10x

OCQ
90
x
= 12
12

114 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

114

12/9/08, 10:34 AM

27. AB 99 P
^ 135 ( )
APB

12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456
12345678901234567890123456789012123456

C BC
P

^ = 135
APB
BC = 99 2

C
AB = 14 (99 2)2 12 (99 2)2
(99)2 2 AB
2 992
992
2 992
2

=
=
n(S) =
n(E) =
p(E) =

28. (x1, y1), (x2, y2) (x3, y3)


x3 3xy2 = 1999
y3 3x2y = 1998

x1
x2
x3
(1 y )(1 y )(1 y )
1

3
2
x3 3xy2 1999
1998 (y 3x y) = 0
2
2 1999 3
x3 + 1999
1998 .3x y 3xy 1998 y = 0
3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

115

12/9/08, 10:35 AM

115

y3
x )2 3(x ) 1999 = 0
( xy )3 + 5997
(
1998 y
y 1998
x x x
y1 , y2 , y3
1 2 3
2 3a 1999
P(a) = a3 + 5997
a
1998
1998
x1 x2
x3

a = y , y y
1 2
3
3
2 3(1 a) 1999
P(1 a) = (1 a) + 5997
(1

a)
1998
1998
x1
x2
x3
P(1 a) = 0 1 y , 1 y , 1 y
1
2
3
x1
x2
x3
(1 y )(1 y )(1 y ) = 1 + 5997
3 1999
1998
1998
1
2
3
= 1
999
1

= 999
x1
x
x
(1 y )(1 y2 )(1 y3)
1
2
3
999

116 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

116

12/9/08, 10:35 AM

29.
10x2 + 5y2 2xy 38x 6y + 41 = 0
3x2 2y2 + 5xy 17x 6y + 20 = 0
x3 + y3

7x2 + 7y2 7xy 21x + 21 = 0


x2 xy + y2 3x + 3
= 0
2
2
3x 6x
2
( x4 2xy
2 + y) + ( 4 2 + 3) = 0
= 0
( x y)2 + 3( x 1)2
2
2
a , a2 0
x y = 0 x2 1 = 0
2
x = 2, y = 1
x3 + y3 = 9
9

30.
a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + an = 96
a12 + a22 + a32 + ... + an2 = 144
a13 + a23 + a33 + ... + an3 = 216
ai i = 1, 2, 3, ..., n a14 + a24 + a34 + ... + an4

(a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + an)(a13 + a23 + a33 + ... + an3) = 96 216 = (144)2


(a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + an)(a13 + a23 + a33 + ... + an3) = (a12 + a22 +
a32 + ... + an2)2
a1 = a2 = a3 = ... = an

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

117

12/9/08, 10:35 AM

117

na1 = 96
na12 = 144
na13 = 216
(na12 )(na13) 144 216
=
96
na1
na14 = 324
a14 + a24 + a34 + ... + an4 = 324
324

118 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 89-118

118

12/9/08, 10:35 AM


3 ( 2)
.. 2550

1.
2. 30 2 100
1 20 3 60
2 10 4 40
3. 1 30

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

119

12/9/08, 10:37 AM

119

3 ( 2)
.. 2550

100 2
1 20 3
2 10 4
1
2
2
2
2
1. ( 22 ) ( 2 3 ) ( 24 ) ... ( 2007

2 1 3 1 4 1
20072 1 )

2. x x + 4 x 4 + x 4 x 4 = 4
x
3. m n = m + n ((...(2550 2549) 2548) ... 1) 0
mn + 4
4. (x, y) x
235, 515 614 y
5. 8884 88
97
6. P(x) 4
P(0) = 0, P(1) = P(1) = P(2) = P(2) = 1 P(5)
7. 365 88 7 111 2 224
1 365 5 60 216
122

120 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

120

12/9/08, 10:37 AM

^ = 80 , M
8. ABC AB = AC, BAC
^ = 30 MBA
^
^ = 20 MCA
MAC

9. ABC P PA = 6
PB = 8 PC = 10 ABC
10. BO CBA, CO ACB MN O BC
AB = 12 BC = 24 AC = 18
AMN
A
O

M
B

N
C

11. P(x) P(x) = x 4 + ax 3 + bx 2 + cx + d


P(1) = 6, P(2) = 3, P(3) = 2 P(4) = 9 |P(4) + 4)|
12. x1, x2, x3, ..., x100
x1 + x1 = 1, x2 + 1 = 4, x3 + 1 = 1, ... , x99 + 1 = 1 x100 + 1 = 4
x3
x4
x100
x1
2
x1 + x2 + x3 + ... + x100
= 4
13. x1 + 4x2 + 9x3 + 16x4 + 25x5 + 36x6 + 49x7
4x1 + 9x2 + 16x3 + 25x4 + 36x5 + 49x6 + 64x7
= 44
= 444
9x1 + 16x2 + 25x3 + 36x4 + 49x5 + 64x6 + 81x7
16x1 + 25x2 + 36x3 + 49x4 + 64x5 + 81x6 + 100x7

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

121

12/9/08, 10:37 AM

121

14. ABC, DEF PQR AD = BD


ABC PQR
A
D

P F
Q

R
E

15. ABCD O
^ = 18 , BDC
^ = 50 OBD
^
AC CAD

16. 7x + y = 21 32x + y = 1 3(7x + 1 + 7y 2)


17. 15x + 14y = 7 x
4 (x, y) y x
18. n d d 13n + 6 12n + 5
d
19. 20
2
20. ABCD 2,550 P, Q, R S
BNMP DTOR 123 456
MNOT

122 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

122

12/9/08, 10:37 AM

2
21. CH4
6 6 H
C H
22. (x2 x + 1)3(x3 + 2x2 + 2x + 1)5 = a21x21 + a20x20 + a19x19+ ... + a2x2 + a1x + a0
ai a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + a10
23.

2 + x + 2 x = 2 x
2+ 2+x 2 2x

24. x, y z x + 2y + 3z = 13
x2 + 4y2 + 9z2 + 3x 2y + 15z = 82 xyz + x + y + z
25. a2 2a = 1, b2 3b = 1 c2 4c = 1 3a3 b3 + c3 + 33 + 13 +
a b
1 + 200
3
c
26. a, b, c a + b + c = 20 = ab + bc ca b2
abc
27. ABC D, E F BC AD BC, AE
^ BF = CF BAD
^ + 4ACB
^ = DAE
^ = EAF
^ = FAC
^ BAC
^ + 2ABC
^
BAC

28.
abc + ab + bc + ca + a + b + c
bcd + bc + cd + db + b + c + d
cda + cd + da + ac + c + d + a
dab + da + ab + bd + d + a + b
abcd + a + b + c + d

=
=
=
=

71
191
95
143

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

123

12/9/08, 10:37 AM

123

29.
x1 + x2 + x3 = 4,
x4 + x5 + x6 = 12,
x7 + x8 + x9 = 23,
x10 + x1 + x2 = 36
3x1 + 4x10

x2 + x3 + x4 = 6,
x5 + x6 + x7 = 15,
x8 + x9 + x10 = 27,

x3 + x4 + x5 = 8,
x6 + x7 + x8 = 19,
x9 + x10 + x1 = 30,

^ = CAD
^ = 66 , BCA
^ = 15 ACD
^ = 9
30. ABCD BAC
^ + ADB
^
2ABD

124 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

124

12/9/08, 10:37 AM


3 ( 2)
.. 2550

1.
2. 30 2 100
1 20 3 60
2 10 4 40
3. 1 30

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

125

12/9/08, 10:37 AM

125

3 ( 2)
.. 2550

100 2
1 20 3
2 10 4
1
2
2
2
2
1. ( 22 ) ( 23 ) ( 24 ) ... ( 2,007

2 1 3 1 4 1
2,0072 1)

22 = ( 2 )( 2 )

22 1
2 1 2+ 1
2
2
2
2,0072 = (2 2)( 3 3 )( 4 4 ) ... (2,007 2,007)
( 222 1 ) ( 32 3 1 )( 424 1 ) ... (2,007
2 1)
1 3 2 4 3 5
2,006 2,008
2 2,007
= ( 1 )( 2,008 )
2,007
= 1,004
2,007
1,004

126 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

126

12/9/08, 10:38 AM

2. x x + 4 x 4 + x 4 x 4 = 4
x

(x 4) + 4 x 4 + 4 + (x 4) 4 x 4 + 4 = 4
x 4 + 2+ x 4 2= 4
x 4 x 4 + 2 + 2 x 4 = 4
2 x 4 0
x 8
x = 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 = 30
30
3. m n = m + n (...(2550 2549) 2548) ... 1) 0
mn + 4

m+2 = 1
m 2 = 2m
+4 2
1 +1
2
0
(...(2550 2549) 2548) ... 1) 0 =
1 +4
2
1
= 30

( )

1
3
4

= 121
1
12

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

127

12/9/08, 10:38 AM

127

4. (x, y) x
235, 515 614 y

235 = (25)7 = 327


614 = (62)7 = 367

614 > 235


515 = (53)5 = 1255
235 = (27)5 = 1285

235 > 515


614 515
(614, 515)
5. 8,884 88
97

88
97 96
8,884
= 96(92) + 52
8,884 88
97
52 88
97
88

= 0.d1 d2 d3 ... d96


97

d1 + d49
d2 + d50
d3 + d51
d4 + d52
d4
d52

=
=
=
=
=
=

9
9
9
9
2
7

128 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

128

12/9/08, 10:38 AM

6. P(x) 4
P(0) = 0, P(1) = P(1) = P(2) = P(2) = 1 P(5)

P(x) 4
P(X) P(X) = ax4 + bx3 + cx2 + dx + e
Q(x) Q(1) = Q(1) = Q(2) = Q(2) = 0
Q(x) = c(x 1)(x + 1)(x 2)(x + 2) c

P(x) = Q(x) + 1

P(0) = 0 = c(1)(1)(2)(2) + 1
4c + 1 = 0 c = 14

P(x) = 14 (x 1)(x + 1)(x 2)(x + 2) + 1


P(5) = 14 (5 1)(5 + 1)(5 2)(5 + 2) + 1
= 14 (4)(6)(3)(7) + 1
= 126 + 1
= 125

125

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

129

12/9/08, 10:38 AM

129

7. 365 88 7 111 2 224


1 365 5 60 216
122

... 60 365 5
5
88 3 7
111 1 2
224 4 1
365 5 5
5 216 = 18
12
2 3 122 3
3
^ = 80 , M
8. ABC AB = AC, BAC
^ = 20 MCA
^ = 30 MBA
^
MAC

A
^ = CBO
^ = 10
AO BC X BCO
M
B

^ = CAO
^ = 40
1. BAO
^ = ACB
^ = 180 80
2. ABC
= 50
2
^ = MCO
^ = 30 MAC
^ = MAO
^ = 20
3. ACM
4. M AOC
^ AOC
^ = 180 40 60 = 80
5. MO AOC
^ + MAO
^ = 40 BAM
^ = BAO
^ = 40 + 20 = 60
6. AOM
^ = AOC
^ = 80
7. OXB OXC AOB
^ = MOA
^ + AOB
^ = 40 + 80
8. MOB
^ = AOM
^ = 40
9.  ABOM MBA
40

130 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

130

12/9/08, 10:38 AM

9. ABC P PA = 6
PB = 8 PC = 10 ABC

A
D
E
ADC APB 60 A
BEA BPC 60 B
P
APC BFC 60 C
2
2
2
B
C 2 ( ABC) = 34 (6 + 8 + 10 ) + 3 24
F
= 50 3 + 72
ABC
= 36 + 25 3
36 + 25 3
10. BO CBA, CO ACB MN O BC
AB = 12 BC = 24 AC = 18
AMN
A
O

M
B

N
C

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

^
BO ABC
^ = OBC
^
MBO
NM // BC
^ = OBC
^
MOB
BMO
MB = MO
^
OC BCA

()
( 1)
()
( 3 )
( 4)
( 5)
()

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

131

12/9/08, 10:38 AM

131

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

^ = OCB
^
NCO
^ = OCB
^
NOC
ONC
NO = NC
AMN

AMN
30

( 7)
( 3 )
( 9)
( 3 )
= AM + MN + NA
= AM + MO + ON + AN
= AM + MB + NC + AN
= AB + AC
= 12 + 18

11. P(x) P(x) = x 4 + ax 3 + bx 2 + cx + d


P(1) = 6, P(2) = 3, P(3) = 2 P(4) = 9 |P(4) + 4|

P(x) = Q(x) + 7 x2
P(1) = Q(1) + 7 12
6
= Q(1) + 6
Q(1) = 0
2
P(2) = Q(2) + 7 (2)
3
= Q(2) + 3
Q(2) = 0
2
P(3) = Q(3) + 7 3
2 = Q(3) 2
Q(3) = 0
2
P(4) = Q(4) + 7 (4)
9 = Q(4) 9
Q(4) = 0

(x 1), (x + 2), (x 3), (x + 4) Q(x)


P(x) = (x 1)(x + 2)(x 3)(x + 4) + 7 x2
P(4) = (4 1)(4 + 2)(4 3)(4 + 4) + 7 42
= (3)(6)(1)(8) + 7 (4)2
= 144 + 7 16
= 135
|P(4) + 4| = 135 + 4 = 139
139
132 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

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132

12/9/08, 10:38 AM

12. x1, x2, x3, ..., x100


x1 + x1 = 1, x2 + x1 = 4, x3 + x1 = 1, ..., x99 + x 1 = 1 x100 + x1 = 4
3

100

x1 + x2 + x3 + ... + x100

x
x1 + x1 2 x1
2
2
x
x2 + 1 2 x2
x3
3
..
.
x
1
x99 + x 2 x 99
100
100
x
x100 + 1 2 x100
x1
1
1
(x1 + x1 ) (x2 + x1 ) ... ( x99 + x100 )( x100 + x1 ) 2100
2
3
1
450 2100
2100 = 2100
x
x1 + 1 = 2 1
x2

x2 + 1
x3
..
.
x100 + 1
x1

x2
x
= 2 x2
3

x
= 2 x100
1

x1 = 1
x2

x2 = 1
x3

x100 = x1
1

x1 = x3 = x5 = ... = x99 = 12
x2 = x4 = x6 = ... = x100 = 2
x1 + x2 + x3 + ... + x100 = 125
125
3 ( .. 2549-2550)

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133

12/9/08, 10:38 AM

133

13. x1 + 4x2 + 9x3 + 16x4 + 25x5 + 36x6 + 49x7


= 4
4x1 + 9x2 + 16x3 + 25x4 + 36x5 + 49x6 + 64x7 = 44
9x1 + 16x2 + 25x3 + 36x4 + 49x5 + 64x6 + 81x7 = 444
16x1 + 25x2 + 36x3 + 49x4 + 64x5 + 81x6 + 100x7

= 4.........................
x1 + 4x2 + 9x3 + 16x4 + 25x5 + 36x6 + 49x7
4x1 + 9x2 + 16x3 + 25x4 + 36x5 + 49x6 + 64x7 = 44......................
9x1 + 16x2 + 25x3 + 36x4 + 49x5 + 64x6 + 81x7 = 444....................
3x1 + 5x2 + 7x3 + 9x4 + 11x5 + 13x6 + 15x7 = 40......................
5x1 + 7x2 + 9x3 + 11x4 + 13x5 + 15x6 + 17x7 = 400....................
= 360....................
2x1 + 2x2 + 2x3 + 2x4 + 2x5 + 2x6 + 2x7
+ 7x1 + 9x2 + 11x3 + 13x4 + 15x5 + 17x6 + 19x7 = 760 ...................
16x1 + 25x2 + 36x3 + 49x4 + 64x5 + 81x6 + 100x7 = 1,204
1,204

134 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

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134

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

14. ABC, DEF PQR AD = BD


ABC PQR
A
D

P F
Q

R
C

F
2

x+y

x+y

x
4

AC = 4 AF = 2
AP = x, PR = y FR = z
AFR ARC
1. AFR ARC
2 = z = x+y
x + y = 2 2
4
x+y x
xz = 2 2 z = x
2 2
2. QRE CRF
QE
CF
z
2

RQ
= ER
FR = RC
= 2 z z = yx

z2
= 4 2z
z2 + 2z 4 = 0
z
= 2 24 + 16 = 1 + 5 ()
z
2

y
2z

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

135

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

135

2
y = 2z2 = 2 (6 2 2 5) = 2(3 5)
16 = 4 = 7 + 3 5
ABC =
PQR 2(14 6 5) 7 3 5
7 + 3 5

15. ABCD O
^ = 18 , BDC
^ = 50 OBD
^
AC CAD

D
P

O
(
18

^ = 90 BDC
^ = BAC
^ = 50
ADC
^ = 40 AOB
^ = 80
ADB
^ = CBD
^ = 18
DAC
^ = 90
ABC
^ = 90 50 18 = 22
OBD

22
16. 7x + y = 21 32x + y = 1 3(7x + 1 + 7y 2)

= 1
32x + y
= 30
32x + y
2x + y
= 0
y
= 2x
= 21
7x + y
y = 2x
7(x + (2x)) = 21
= 21
7x
= 211 = 1
7x
21
2
y
2x
1
7
= 7 = (21 ) = (21)2
136 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

136

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

3(7x + 1 + 7y 2) = 3 [(7x . 7) + ( 7y . 12 )]

7
= 3 ( 211 7) + ( 212 12 ) = 28
7

28
17. 15x + 14y = 7 x
4 (x, y) y x

15(7) + 14(7) = 7

(7, 7)
15x + 14y = 7 y = 7 15x
14

x=7+a
y = 7 15(7 + a) = 7 15a
14
14
y 14 15a
... 15 14 1 a 14
b a = 14b
x = 7 + 14b
9,999

x = 7 + 14b
9,992
14b
713.7
b

b
= 713

x
= 7 + 14(713) = 9,989
9,989

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

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137

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

137

18. n d d 13n + 6 12n + 5


d

d 13n + 6 d 12n + 5
d 12(13n + 6) d 13(12n + 5)
d 12(13n + 6) 13(12n + 5
12(13n + 6) 13(12n + 5) = 156n + 72 156n 65 = 7
d 7 d d = 1 d = 7
1 + 7 = 8
8
19. 20
2

4 2
5 5
6 9
7 14
8 20
1 360 = 45
8
= 12 ( 2)( 2) sin 45 = 22
8 8( 22 ) = 4 2
4 2

138 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

138

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

20. ABCD 2,550 P, Q, R S


BNMP DTOR 123 456
MNOT

P
B

O
D

BD DAP = DBP BCR = BDR


 BPDR = 1  ABCD
= 1,275
2
 MNOT = 1,275 (123 + 456) = 696
696

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

139

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

139

2
21. CH4
6 6 H C H
H

C
H
4

T
H
2

H
3

= (6 6)2 (3 6)2
= 3 6 3
= 9 2
= 6 2 = H3T
H4T
C H x CH3 = x
= x
CH1
H1TH3, H1T
= (6 6)2 (6 2)2
H1T
= 12
CTH3, CT
= 12 x
= x
CH3
= (12 x)2 + (6 2)2
x2
x2
= 144 24x + x2 + 72
24x
= 216
x
= 9
9
H4P

140 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

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140

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

22. (x2 x + 1)3(x3 + 2x2 + 2x + 1)5 = a21x21 + a20x20 + a19x19+ ... + a2x2 + a1x + a0
a1 a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + a10

x2 x + 1 x3 + 2x2 + 2x + 1 palindrome
palindrome
a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + a10 = 1 (a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + a20)
2
= 12 (a0 + a1 + a2 + ... + a21 a0 a21)
1 (a + a + a + + a 2)
2 0 1 2 ... 21
(x2 x + 1)3(x3 + 2x2 + 2x + 1)5 = a21x21 + a20x20 + ... + a1x + a0
x = 1 (13)(65)
= a21 + a20 + ... + a1+ a0
a0 + a1 + a2 + ... + a21 = 65 = 7,776
a1 + a2 + a3 + ... + a10 = 12 (7,776 2)
= 3,887
3,887
=

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

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141

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

141

23.

2 + x + 2 x = 2 x
2+ 2+x 2 2x

a = 2 + x, b = 2 x
a2 + b2 = 4
a2( 2 b) + b2( 2 + a) = 2( 2 + a)( 2 b)
2a2 a2b + 2b2 + ab2 = 2(2 + 2a 2b ab)
= 2 2 + 2a 2b 2ab
4 2 a2b + ab2
0
= a2b ab2 + 2a 2b 2ab 2 2
0
= ab(a b) + 2(a b) 2(ab + 2)
0
= (ab + 2)(a b 2)
ab + 2 0 a b 2 = 0
2 + x 2 x = 2
2 + x 2 (2 + x)(2 x) + 2 x = 2
2 = 2 4 x2
1 =
4 x2
1 = 4 x2
x2 = 3
x = 3
x = 3
3

142 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

142

12/9/08, 10:39 AM

24. x, y z x + 2y + 3z = 13
x2 + 4y2 + 9z2 + 3x 2y + 15z = 82 xyz + x + y + z

= 82 + 2y
x2 + 4y2 + 9z2 + 3x + 15z
2
2
2
= 82 + x + 2y + 3z
x + 4y + 9z + 4x + 18z
2
2
2
x + 4x + 4 + 4y + 9z + 18z + 9 = 82 + 13 + 4 + 9
= 108
(x + 2)2 + (2y)2 + (3z + 3)2
= 13
x + 2y + 3z
= 18
(x + 2) + 2y + (3z + 3)
a = x + 2, b = 2y, c = 3z + 3
= 108 ...........................
a2 + b2 + c2
a+b+c
= 18
2
= 324
(a + b + c)
ab + bc + ca
= 108 ...........................
2
2
2
2 2 , 2a + 2b + 2c 2ab 2bc 2ca = 0
= 0
(a b)2 + (b c)2 + (c a)2
a=b=c=6

x = 4, y = 3 z = 1
xyz + x + y + z = 20
20

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

143

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

143

25. a2 2a = 1, b2 3b = 1 c2 4c = 1 3a3 b3 + c3 + 33 + 13 +
a b
1 + 200
c3

a + 1 = 2, b b1 = 3, c + 1 = 4
a
c
= (a + a1 )3 3(a + a1 )
a3 + 13
a
= 86
= 2
3
1
= (b b1 )3 + 3(b b1 )
b 3
b
= 27 + 9
= 36
1
3
= (c + 1 )3 3(c + 1 )
c + 3
c
c
c
= 64 12
= 52
3
3
3a b + c3 + 33 + 13 + 13 + 200 = 222
a b c
222

144 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

144

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

26. a, b, c a + b + c = 20 = ab + bc ca b2
abc

ab + bc ca b2 = 20
(a b)(b c)
= 20
a b c

ab
1
2
4
5

bc
20
10
5
4

10
20

2
1

a
22
13
11
12
11
14
22

b
21
11
7
7
6
4
2

c
1
1
2
3
2
2
1

a + b + c = 20
20
-

abc
154
-

20
-

112
-

abc 112 154


112 + 154 = 266
266

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

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145

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

145

27. ABC D, E F BC AD BC, AE


^ BF = CF BAD
^ + 4ACB
^ = DAE
^ = EAF
^ = FAC
^ BAC
^ + 2ABC
^
BAC

))
)
)

x
x xx

2x

2x
B 90 x

))

3x 3x

90 3x

^ = x ABD
^ = 90 3x
^ = 90 x ACB
BAD
FT TF BC AC T BT
1. BFT CFT (...)
^ = 3x
^ = CTF
2. BTF
^ = 90 3x
^ = TCF
3. TBF
^ = 2x
^ = TFA
4. TBA
ABFT
4x = 90
x = 22.5
^ = 90 , ABC
^ = 67.5 ACB
^ = 22.5
BAC
^ + 4ACB
^ + 2ABC
^ = 315
BAC
315

146 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

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146

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

28.
abc + ab + bc + ca + a + b + c = 71
bcd + bc + cd + db + b + c + d = 191
cda + cd + da + ac + c + d + a = 95
dab + da + ab + bd + d + a + b = 143
abcd + a + b + c + d

1
(a + 1)(b + 1)(c + 1) = 72 = 23 32 ......................................
(b + 1)(c + 1)(d + 1) = 192 = 26 3 ......................................
(c + 1)(d + 1)(a + 1) = 96 = 25 3 ......................................
(d + 1)(a + 1)(b + 1) = 144 = 24 32 ......................................
; (a + 1)3(b + 1)3(c + 1)3(d + 1)3 = 218 36
(a + 1)(b + 1)(c + 1)(d + 1) = 26 32................

d+1
= 23
d
= 7

a+1
= 3
a
= 2

b+1
= 23
b
= 5

c+1
= 22
c
= 3
abcd + a + b + c + d = (2 5 3 7) + (2 + 5 + 3 + 7)
= 210 + 17
= 227
227

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

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147

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

147

29.
x2 + x3 + x4 = 6,
x3 + x4 + x5 = 8,
x1 + x2 + x3 = 4,
x4 + x5 + x6 = 12,
x5 + x6 + x7 = 15,
x6 + x7 + x8 = 19,
x8 + x9 + x10 = 27,
x9 + x10 + x1 = 30,
x7 + x8 + x9 = 23,
x10 + x1 + x2 = 36
3x1 + 4x10

3x1 + 3x2 + 3x3 + 3x4 + 3x5 + 3x6 + 3x7 + 3x8 + 3x9 + 3x10 = 180
= 60
x1 + x2 + x3 + x4 + x5 + x6 + x7 + x8 + x9 + x10
= 60
(x1 + x2 + x3) + (x4 + x5 + x6) + (x7 + x8 + x9) + x10
4 + 12 + 23 + x10
= 60
= 60
39 + x10
= 21
x10
= 60
x1 + (x2 + x3 + x4) + (x5 + x6 + x7) + (x8 + x9 + x10)
= 60
x1 + 6 + 15 + 27
x1 + 48
= 60
= 12
x1
3x1 + 4x10
= 36 + 84
= 120
120

148 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

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148

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

^ = CAD
^ = 66 , BCA
^ = 15 ACD
^ = 9
30. ABCD BAC
^ + ADB
^
2ABD

E
AD E
^ = 24
66
DCE
15
BE
^ + BCE
^ = 180
D T
EAB
24
 ABCE
C
9
^ = CEB
^ = 66
15
66
EBC
A
66 15
BCT CET
BDT DET
66
0

^ = AEB
^ = DBE
^ = 15
ACB
^ = 18 ADB
^ = 30
ABD
^ + ADB
^ = 66
2ABD
66

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

149

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

149

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.


1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

150 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

150

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.

( )
2

1

1

1.
2.

1.

2.
3.

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

151

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

151


1.
2.
3.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

1

1

152 3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

152

12/9/08, 10:40 AM

3 ( .. 2549-2550)

A 119-152

153

12/9/08, 10:41 AM

153