Name : Meenu Choudhary Roll. No : 043 ( 3rd Sem.

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This is presented as a valuable survival instinct. Cambridge and Harvard. He has held appointments at the universities of Oxford. in the natural world. He also holds a Ph. for the first time in history. judgment and argument. In each of these states the brain will identify and bring into conscious thought certain aspects of issues being considered (e. At the UN Social Summit in Copenhagen he was asked to address the banking and finance group. He attended St Edward's College. In a stable world this was sufficient because it was enough to identify standard situations and to apply standard solutions. the thing that is out of the ordinary may well be dangerous. said of this book that it was ten years ahead of mathematicians dealing with chaos theory. The leading physicist in the world. as a Rhodes Scholar.Phil in medicine. He proceeded. to Christ Church. Edward de Bono developed the concept and tools of lateral thinking. The premise of the method is that the human brain thinks in a number of distinct ways which can be identified. The late Lord Mountbatten once invited Dr de Bono to talk to all his admirals.g. where he gained an honours degree in psychology and physiology and then a D. From this basis. Professor Murray Gell Mann. A compelling example presented is sensitivity to "mismatch" stimuli. His key book. during World War II and then the University of Malta where he qualified in medicine. gut instinct. because. Dr de Bono was asked to open the first ever Pentagon meeting on Creativity. to put the subject on a solid basis. Traditional thinking is to do with analysis. 'The Mechanism of Mind' was published in 1969. Dr de Bono identifies six distinct states in which the brain can be "sensitised". Oxford. Edward de Bono's special contribution has been to take the mystical subject of creativity and. . from five years olds to adults. This is no longer so in a changing world where the standard solutions may not work. Malta.D from Cambridge and an MD from the University of Malta. What is so special is that instead of his work remaining hidden in academic texts he has made it practical and available to everyone. The term 'lateral thinking' was introduced by Edward de Bono and is now so much part of the language that it is used equally in a physics lecture and in a television comedy.Edward de Bono was born in Malta in 1933. deliberately accessed and hence planned for use in a structured way allowing one to develop strategies for thinking about particular issues. In it he showed how the nerve networks in the brain formed asymmetric patterns as the basis of perception. pessimistic judgment. London. neutral facts). non-linear and self-organising systems. This state is identified as the root of negative judgment and critical thinking. He has shown that creativity was a necessary behaviour in a selforganising information system.

Switching to a state is symbolized by the act of putting on a coloured hat. . no details or evidence of this are presented. Furthermore.logic applied to identifying flaws or barriers.Six distinct states are identified and assigned a color: • • • • • • Information: (White) . seeking harmony Creativity (Green) .considering purely what information is available. The six thinking hats indicate problems and solutions about an idea or a product you might come up with. These metaphors allow for more complete and elaborate segregation of the states than the preconceptions inherent in people's current language. what are the facts? Emotions (Red) . seeking mismatch Good points judgment (Yellow) .logic applied to identifying benefits. Dr de Bono asserts that these states are associated with distinct chemical states of the brain — however. seeing where a thought goes Thinking (Blue) .thinking about thinking Coloured hats are used as metaphors for each state.statements of provocation and investigation. All of these thinking hats help for thinking more deeply.instinctive gut reaction or statements of emotional feeling (but not any justification) Bad points judgment (Black) . either literally or metaphorically.