US Dept of Interior - Mining Handbook for Calc Reclamation Bonds | Coal Mining | Heavy Equipment

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING
RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT
Subject Number:
TSR-l
Transmittal Number:
882
Date:
DIRECTIVES SYSTEM APR 0 5 2000
Subject: Handbook for Calculation of Reclamation Bond Amounts
_.. I ~
Approval: 'fUVt';v1 f/VlVJ).." Title: Acting Director
L,
1. PURPOSE. This directive establishes the Handbook for Calculation of Reclamation Bond Amounts
(Handbook) as guidance for the calculation of reclamation bond amounts by the Office of Surface
Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM).
2. SUMMARY OF CHANGES. The 1987 Handbook has been updated and revised to reflect recent
information and policy guidance. The major changes included in this revision are:
Chapter 1 has been expanded to describe applicable situations involving the calculation or recalculation
of reclamation costs, including the statutory and regulatory requirements.
Guidance for bond calculations for subsidence damage repair costs and water supply replacement was
added to Chapter 1, Chapter 2 (Step 2: IV. Other Direct Reclamation Costs) and related Worksheet 15.
Guidance for bond calculations for long-term treatment of unanticipated, pollutional discharges was
added to Chapter 1, Chapter 2 (Step 2: IV. Other Direct Reclamation Costs) and related Worksheet 15.
Chapter 2, Step 3, adjustment of direct costs for inflation, was added to the bond calculation procedures
and related Worksheet 16.
Chapter 2, Step 4, estimates of indirect costs for contingency allowances, engineering redesign costs,
profit and overhead, and project management fee, were reviewed and adjusted to reflect the current
range of costs. Graphs 1 and 2 related to profit and overhead, and project management fee were
updated.
Chapter 3: "Special Considerations for Calculation ofIncremental, Cumulative, and Phase Bonds," was
added to give guidance in cases where an applicant elects to post bond under one of these situations.
Chapter 4: "Bond Release" and related Worksheets 17 and 18 were added.
All references cited in Chapters 1-4 are contained on one page following Chapter 4.
Appendix A - Bond Calculation Worksheets - was updated to reflect all text changes.
Appendix B - Examples - was updated to reflect the new worksheets and any new information available,
such as equipment specifications.
OSM/103 7/22/86
Appendix C - Guidance for Equipment Selection - was updated to reflect current
information.
Appendix D - Calculation of Bond Amounts for Long-Term Treatment of Poilu tiona I
Discharges - was added.
Appendix E - Metric Conversion Table - was added.
3. DEFINITIONS. None.
4. POLICYIPROCEDURES.
a. Policy.
(1) OSM personnel must use the Handbook, established by this Directive, when calculating
bonds or determining bond amounts under a Federal program, Federal lands program or whenever
OSM issues a permit for surface coal mining operations.
(2) OSM personnel may use the Handbook during oversight of approved State programs as
a technical guide when assessing the adequacy of bonds. However, such use is limited to that
approved in oversight procedures and guidance. The Handbook must not be used to compel
States to adhere to the methods in the Handbook.
b. Responsibilities.
(1) The Assistant Director, Program Support, is responsible for developing and maintaining
the Handbook.
(2) The Regional Directors are responsible for ensuring use of the Handbook in the
assessment of bond adequacy as part of the Federal permitting process. The Handbook may be
used as a guide during oversight of approved State programs.
c. Procedures. Procedures to calculate bonds are contained in the Handbook.
Revisions/modifications to the Handbook will be made as needed using the Directives System
process.
5. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS. None.
6. REFERENCES.
a. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA), Sections 509 and
519.
b. 30 CFR Part 800.
2 Directive TSR - 1
c. OSM Policy Statement - "Policy Goals and Objectives on Correcting, Preventing and
Controlling Acid/Toxic Mine Drainage," March 31, 1997.
7. EFFECT ON OTHER DOCUMENTS. The Handbook supersedes all other OSM guides for
determining bond amounts where OSM is the regulatory authority, including prior versions of
TSR-l, Transmittal Number 360, dated 07/21187 and related change notice TSR-l-l, Transmittal
Number 758, dated 1113/93.
8. EFFECTIVE DATE. Upon Issuance.
9. CONTACT. Program Support Directorate, (202) 208-4264.
10. KEYWORDS. Performance Bond, Bond Calculation, Bond Release.
3 Directive TSR - 1
HANDBOOK
for
Calculation
of
Reclamation Bond Amounts
Revised April 2000
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PREFACE ....................................................... iv
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION ...................................... 1
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE ................................ 1
STATUTORY AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS ............... 3
ASSUMPTIONS ............................................. 5
METHODOLOGY ............................................ 6
DATA SOURCES ............................................ 7
CHAPTER 2: BOND CALCULATION PROCEDURES .................... 9
STEP 1: DETERMINE POINT OF MAXIMUM RECLAMATION COST
LIABILITY ............................................. 9
STEP 2: ESTIMATE DIRECT RECLAMATION COSTS ............. 10
I. Structure Demolition and Disposal (Worksheet 2) ........ 11
II. Earthmoving (Worksheets 3 through 13) ............... 12
A. Introduction ................................... 12
B. Materials Handling Plan (Worksheet 3) .............. 12
Material Volume Estimates ..................... 13
Haul Distance Estimates ...................... 14
Grade Estimates ............................. 14
Equipment Selection .......................... 15
C. Equipment Productivity and Costs (Worksheets 5
through 13) ................................. 17
III. Revegetation (Worksheet 14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
IV. Other Direct Reclamation Costs (Worksheet 15) ......... 19
STEP 3: ADJUST DIRECT COSTS FOR INFLATION .............. 21
STEP 4: ESTIMATE INDIRECT RECLAMATION COSTS ........... 22
I. Mobilization and Demobilization ...................... 22
II. Contingency Allowances ........................... 23
III. Engineering Redesign Costs ........................ 23
IV. Profit and Overhead ............................... 24
V. Project Management Fee ........................... 25
STEP 5: CALCULATE THE TOTAL PERFORMANCE BOND
AMOUNT ............................................ 25
CHAPTER 3: SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR CALCULATION OF
INCREMENTAL, CUMULATIVE, AND PHASE BONDS ............. 27
CHAPTER 4: BOND RELEASE .................................... 31
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REFERENCES CITED ............................................ 35
GRAPHS:
Graph 1
Graph 2
Profit and Overhead ........................... . .. Graph - 1
Project Management Fee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. Graph - 2
APPENDIX A: BOND CALCULATION WORKSHEETS
Bond Amount Computation ........................... A-1
Worksheet 1 Description of the Worst Case Reclamation Scenario ...... A-2
Worksheet 2 Structure Demolition and Disposal Costs ................ A-3
Worksheet 3 Material Handling Plan Summary ...................... A-4
Worksheet 4A Earthwork Quantity (Chart) ........................... A-5
Worksheet 4B Earthwork Quantity (Explanation) ..................... A-6
Worksheet 5 Productivity and Hours Required for Dozer Use ........... A-7
Worksheet 6 Productivity and Hours Required for Dozer Use--Grading ... A-8
Worksheet 7 Productivity and Hours Required for Ripper-Equipped
Dozer Use ...................................... A-9
Worksheet 8 Productivity and Hours Required for Loader Use ......... A-10
Worksheet 9 Productivity and Hours Required for Truck Use .......... A-11
Worksheet 10 Productivity for Hydraulic Excavator Use
(Backhoe or Power Shovel) ....................... A-12
Worksheet 11 A Productivity of Push-Pull or Self-Loading
Scraper Use ................................... A-13
Worksheet 11 B Productivity of Dozer Push-Loaded Scraper Use ......... A-14
Worksheet 12 Productivity and Hours Required for
Motor grader Use ............................... A-16
Worksheet 13 Summary Calculation of Earthmoving Costs ............. A-17
Worksheet 14 Revegetation Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-18
Worksheet 15 Other Reclamation Activity Costs ..................... A-19
Worksheet 16 Reclamation Bond Summary Sheet ................... A-20
Worksheet 17 Summary Sheet for Determining the Remaining Bond Following
Phase I Release . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-21
Worksheet 18 Summary Sheet for Determining the Remaining Bond Following
Phase II Release .............................. A-23
APPENDIX B: EXAMPLES
1. Underground Example ................................... B1-1
2. Dragline Example ...................................... B2-1
3. Haul Back Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B3-1
4. Mountain Top Removal Example .......................... B4-1
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5. Processing Plant Example ................................ B5-1
APPENDIX C: GUIDANCE FOR EQUIPMENT SELECTION ............. C-1
Figure C-1 Application Zones for Representative Reclamation
Equipment ..................................... C-3
Figure C-2 Safe Downhill Speeds for Off-Highway Equipment ...... C-4
Figure C-3 Safe Speeds for Off-Highway Equipment on Curved
Road Segments ................................. C-5
Table C-1 Advantages and Disadvantages of Reclamation
Equipment ..................................... C-8
Table C-2 Reclamation Equipment Rating--Regrading and
Backfilling ..................................... C-10
Table C-3 Reclamation Equipment Rating--Topsoil Removal and
Replacement .................................. C-11
APPENDIX D: CALCULATION OF BOND AMOUNTS FOR LONG-TERM
TREATMENT OF POLLUTIONAL DISCHARGES ....... D-1
APPENDIX E: METRIC CONVERSION TABLE ........................ E-1
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PREFACE
This Handbook establishes a technically sound, consistent methodology to
calculate the amount of performance bond required for surface coal mining
operations under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977
(SMCRA or the Act) when the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and
Enforcement (OSM) is the regulatory authority. OSM first adopted the Handbook
as policy guidance in 1987, with minor revisions in 1993. The current version,
which was developed by an OSM work group comprised of representatives from
each region and headquarters, contains substantial updates and revisions in
response to management direction and user recommendations.
Several other Federal agencies, numerous companies in the coal industry, the
coal-producing states, and states with non-coal mining use the Handbook as an
organized approach to cost estimation. Also, many individuals have attended
OSM's bonding workshop on cost estimation. Consulting engineers in both the
U.S. and Canada have requested and received copies of the Handbook, and
training was provided to the Indonesian environmental agency on its use.
Because the Handbook relies upon standard engineering cost-estimating
procedures to develop site-specific costs for each reclamation activity, users
should be familiar with standard engineering principles, equipment productivity
guidebooks, and construction cost reference manuals. The mention of trade
names of commercial equipment and products in this Handbook is for illustrative
purposes only and does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by OSM.
Handbook users are encouraged to submit suggested revisions to OSM work
group members for consideration in future editions. Members and the OSM
offices they represent are:
Paul Behum
Victoria Bryan
Eugene Hay
Karen Jass
David Lane
Dennis Rice
Ruth Stokes
Mid-Continent Region, Alton, IL
Western Region, Denver, CO
Western Region, Denver, CO
Western Region, Denver, CO
Knoxville Field Office, TN
Program Support, Washington, DC
Program Support, Washington, DC
Please consult the directory located on OSM's Home Page at
http://www.osmre.gov for current contact information.
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CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
One of the major purposes of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of
1977 (SMCRA or the Act) is to ensure adequate reclamation of all areas
disturbed by surface coal mining operations. Section S09 of the Act and its
implementing regulations at 30 CFR Part 800 require that, prior to permit
issuance, the applicant file a performance bond with the regulatory authority in an
amount determined by the regulatory authority. The performance bond provides
a guarantee that funds will be available to the regulatory authority to complete the
approved reclamation plan in the event that the permittee fails to do so.
This Handbook establishes a bond calculation methodology for use when OSM is
the regulatory authority. Since neither SMCRA nor the Federal regulations
require adherence to a specific methodology, State regulatory authorities are free
to use the Handbook or any other method of bond calculation that results in the
establishment of performance bond amounts that meet all regulatory program
requirements.
This Handbook applies to all situations involving the calculation or recalculation
of reclamation costs when OSM is the regulatory authority, including:
• Determination of the amount of bond initially required for permit issuance.
See 30 CFR 773.1S(d) and 800.11.
• Determination of the amount of bond required before mining advances into
any succeeding increments (under incremental bonding) or operational
stages (under cumulative bonding) of the permit area. See 30 CFR
800.11 (b) and (c).
• Determination of any increases in bond required as a result of a permit
revision that alters the calculations or assumptions underlying the
reclamation cost estimate for the existing permit and bond. See 30 CFR
800.1S(d).
• Determination of any decrease in the amount of bond that may be
approved as a result of a change in the operation plan that reduces the
future cost of reclaiming mined land. See 30 CFR 800.1S(c).
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• Evaluation of bond adequacy at the time of permit renewal. See 30 CFR
774.1S(b)(2)(iii) and (c)(1 )(v). Unless the renewal application also includes
a request for a permit revision, the rules do not expressly require this
evaluation. However, the regulatory authority may reasonably interpret 30
CFR 774.1S(c)(1)(i), when read in conjunction with BOO.4(g), as authorizing
an evaluation of bond adequacy at that time.
• At the discretion of the regulatory authority, evaluation of bond adequacy at
the time of mid-term permit review or as part of the process of reviewing
requests for temporary cessation of operations.
• Determination of the amount of bond to be retained at the time of Phase I
or Phase II bond release. See 30 CFR B00.40(c).
• Determination of the amount of bond that must be posted to guarantee
correction of material damage from subsidence or replacement of a water
supply damaged by underground mining. See 30 CFR B17.121(c)(S).
• Determination of the amount of bond that must be posted to guarantee
treatment if an unanticipated pollutional postmining discharge requiring
long-term treatment develops. See OS M' s March 31, 1997, statement
entitled "Policy Goals and Objectives on Correcting, Preventing and
Controlling AcidlToxic Mine Drainage."
In addition, if a State regulatory authority uses the Handbook or a variation
thereof to calculate bond amounts, OSM may use the Handbook to conduct
oversight evaluations of bond adequacy, but only after making necessary State-
specific modifications such as replacement of Davis-Bacon wage rates with
whatever rates apply under State law. When conducting oversight in States that
do not rely upon the Handbook to calculate bond amounts, OSM may use the
Handbook as a tool to estimate reclamation costs.
Because the Handbook relies upon standard engineering cost-estimating
procedures to develop site-specific costs for each reclamation activity, users
should be familiar with standard engineering principles, equipment productivity
guidebooks, and construction cost reference manuals.
The mention of trade names of commercial equipment and products in this
Handbook is for illustrative purposes only and does not constitute endorsement or
recommendation by OSM.
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STATUTORY AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS
Section 507(d) of SMCRA requires each applicant to submit, as part of the permit
application, a reclamation plan in sufficient detail to demonstrate compliance with
the reclamation standards of the applicable regulatory program. Section 509(a)
of the Act and its implementing regulations at 30 CFR 800.14(b) require that the
applicant file a bond in an amount sufficient to cover the cost of reclamation in
accordance with the approved plan should the regulatory authority have to
perform the reclamation in the event of bond forfeiture.
Under 30 CFR 773.15(d) and 800.11 (a), a permit applicant must file a bond or
bonds before the regulatory authority may issue a permit. According to 30 CFR
800.11 (b)(1), the bond or bonds must cover either the entire permit area or an
identified increment of land within the permit area upon which the operator will
initiate and conduct surface coal mining operations during the initial term of the
permit. Under 30 CFR 800.11 (d)(2), the applicant also has the option of filing a
cumulative bond. As provided in 30 CFR 800.11 (d)(1), a permit applicant's
choice of bonding scheme (entire permit area, incremental, or cumulative) is
subject to regulatory authority approval.
Incremental and cumulative bonds are similar in that the permittee or permit
applicant initially posts bond for only part of the proposed operation within the
permit area. However, under the incremental method, each bond applies only to
a specific increment of the permit area, while under the cumulative method each
bond applies to the entire permit area even though the permittee may be
authorized to disturb only a specified portion of the permit area. Under both the
cumulative and the incremental methods, the permit application must identify the
amount of bond required for the land to be disturbed by each stage of the
operation (when using cumulative bonding) or increment of the permit area
(when using incremental bonding). The permittee must file any additional bond or
bonds required for each successive stage of the operation or increment of the
permit area before beginning that stage of the operation or disturbing that
increment of the permit area (30 CFR 800.11 (b)(2), (b)(3), (b)(4), and (c)).
Under 30 CFR 800.11 (b)(4), independent increments must be of sufficient size
and configuration to provide for efficient reclamation operations should bond
forfeiture occur.
Under 30 CFR 800.13(a)(2), the regulatory authority has the discretion (but not
the obligation) to accept a separate bond or bonds for each phase of reclamation
as defined in 30 CFR 800.40(c).
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Under 30 CFR 800.14(a), the regulatory authority must determine the amount of
the bond based upon:
• The requirements of the approved permit and reclamation plan;
• The probable difficulty of completing reclamation, giving consideration to
factors such as topography, geology, hydrology, and revegetation; and
• The applicant's estimate of the cost of completing the reclamation plan,
although the regulatory authority is not limited by this estimate.
Paragraph (b) of 30 CFR 800.14 requires that the bond amount be sufficient to
ensure completion of the reclamation plan if the work has to be performed by the
regulatory authority in the event of forfeiture. In no case may the bond amount be
less than $10,000.
Under 30 CFR 800.15 and section 509(e) of SMCRA, the regulatory authority
must re-evaluate bond adequacy and adjust bond amounts as appropriate
whenever the permit acreage increases or decreases or the cost of future
reclamation changes. However, any bond reduction requested as a result of
reclamation work performed must be processed as an application for bond
release under 30 CFR 800.40.
A bond reduction under 30 CFR 800.15(c) must be justified solely upon a
demonstration that the reclamation cost estimates that form the basis for the
existing bond amount are no longer valid for reasons other than the performance
of reclamation work. Situations that qualify for bond reduction through the bond
adjustment process include deletion of undisturbed acreage from the permit area
(unless deletion of the acreage would not lower the maximum reclamation cost
liability for the permit or increment), technological advances that reduce the unit
costs of reclamation, changes in the mining plan (such as a decision not to
remove the lowest coal seam) that result in an operation of more limited extent
than originally approved and bonded, and an alteration in the postmining land use
that reduces reclamation costs.
Completion of reclamation activities such as backfilling or topsoil replacement
does not qualify as a change in the cost of future reclamation. See 48 FR 32944-
45, July 19, 1983. The permittee must apply for bond release to obtain a bond
reduction under these circumstances.
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Under 30 CFR BOO.15(d), the regulatory authority must conduct a bond adequacy
review whenever the approved permit is revised. The regulatory authority must
require adjustment of the bond amount to reflect any increase in reclamation
costs resulting from the permit revision.
Under section 519(c) of the Act and 30 CFR B00.40(c), the regulatory authority
may reduce bond amounts in accordance with a phased release schedule as
reclamation is completed. However, the amount of bond remaining after each of
the first two phases must be sufficient to assure completion of remaining
reclamation obligations, which means that, after conducting the inspection and
evaluation required by 30 CFR B00.40(b)(1), the regulatory authority must
recalculate reclamation costs to determine how much bond to retain and how
much, if any, may be released.
Under 30 CFR B17.121 (c)(5), the regulatory authority must require the permittee
to obtain additional performance bond to cover the costs of repairing, replacing,
or providing compensation for material damage to protected structures when the
damage is a result of subsidence caused by underground mining operations. The
same requirement applies to subsidence-related material damage to surface
lands and to certain drinking, domestic, or residential water supplies adversely
impacted by underground mining operations. Both requirements apply only if the
permittee fails to correct the damage within a specified time and the damage is
not fully covered by the permittee's liability insurance policy.
Finally, OSM's March 31, 1997, acid mine drainage policy statement clarifies that
the performance bond or an equivalent form of financial assurance must be
adequate to ensure completion of the hydrologic reclamation plan approved in the
permit. In essence, whenever unanticipated pollutional discharges requiring long-
term treatment develop, the regulatory authority must adjust the bond amount (or
require equivalent financial assurance) to cover all future costs of monitoring,
evaluating, abating, and treating those discharges to the extent necessary to
avoid causing material damage to the hydrologic balance.
ASSUMPTIONS
The Handbook's bond calculation methodology assumes that:
• The bond amount will reflect the cost of engaging a third-party contractor to
complete the reclamation plan.
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• The bond amount will reflect the "worst case scenario;" i.e., the cost of
reclaiming the site if the permittee forfeits the bond at the point of maximum
reclamation cost liability, under the reclamation and operation plans
approved as part of the permit. Calculating the bond amount in this
manner should ensure the availability of adequate reclamation funds at all
times during the life of the operation.
• The reclamation and operation plans submitted as part of the permit
application and any special permit conditions imposed by the regulatory
authority will serve as the basis for determining the amount of performance
bond required. The regulatory authority will independently calculate
reclamation cost estimates; it will consider but not rely upon cost estimates
supplied by the permit applicant.
• The permittee will be in compliance with the approved reclamation and
operation plans, permit conditions, and performance standards at all times.
• The regulatory authority will routinely reevaluate bond adequacy and
require bond adjustments as authorized or mandated by 30 CFR 800.15.
• The initial calculation of bond amounts will not include remediation costs
for events such as acid mine drainage and landslides that are not
antiCipated in the approved permit or reclamation plan. Should an
unanticipated event occur, the regulatory authority must require a permit
revision and adjust the bond amount to include any additional reclamation
costs.
METHODOLOGY
The methodology in this Handbook reflects standard construction industry cost-
estimating procedures for determining demolition, earthmoving, and revegetation
costs, which are the most significant elements of the reclamation cost estimate.
Equipment productivity data, hourly rates and other costs used in the examples in
Appendix B are taken from the sources referenced throughout this document.
Rounding was applied in preparing the examples as follows:
• Equipment productivity hours are rounded to the nearest hour, and
• Total bond amounts are rounded to three significant digits.
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DATA SOURCES
There are four major sources of the information needed to calculate bond
amounts:
• The reclamation and operation plans in the permit or permit application.
• Equipment productivity and performance guidebooks.
• Construction cost reference manuals.
• Contract and cost data from State and Federal abandoned mine land and
bond forfeiture reclamation programs; the Tennessee Valley Authority; the
Natural Resources Conservation Service (formerly the Soil Conservation
Service); State, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Tribal and Federal forestry and
wildlife agencies; the Cooperative Extension Service; and the Department
of Labor for wage rates. These sources may provide local costs for tasks
or materials.
The reclamation and operation plans in the permit or permit application provide
essential information on the type of mining to be conducted, the sequence of
mining and reclamation activities within the permit area, spoil and topsoil
handling, haul distances, extent of areas to be disturbed, structures needed
during the mining operations, final surface configuration, revegetation standards
and techniques, and postmining land use considerations (such as retention of
roads, ponds, and other structures).
Equipment productivity and performance guidebooks are extremely useful when
estimating earthmoving costs. Most heavy equipment manufacturers publish
guidebooks containing performance data. For example, the Caterpillar
Performance Handbook includes data on tractors, loaders, scrapers, haulage
vehicles, small hydraulic shovels and excavators, in addition to a variety of other
information such as estimating methodologies and heavy equipment cost
accounting.
To calculate bond amounts, these guidebooks should be used in combination
with a comprehensive equipment cost reference manual, such as the PRIMEDIA
Information, Inc. (formerly K-III Directory Corp. and Dataquest, Inc.) Cost
Reference Guide for Construction Equipment or the Contractors Equipment Cost
Guide. These reference manuals, which are updated periodically, provide hourly
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ownership and non-wage operating costs for a wide range of heavy equipment.
Because all contracts awarded by OSM to reclaim lands for which it is the
regulatory authority are direct Federal contracts, labor costs for equipment
operation must reflect Davis-Bacon wage rates as established by the Department
of Labor. Any wage rates provided by the Department of Labor, which are used
in the reclamation estimate, should be documented to include the date, state,
county, construction type and wage number.
The R. S. Means Company, Inc., also publishes construction-related cost data
including Means Building Construction Cost Data, Means Heavy Construction
Cost Data, and Means Site Work and Landscape Cost Data. Means guides
contain an extensive array of line-item costs for building construction. These
reference manuals, which are updated annually, are especially useful for
estimating material acquisition costs and the costs of specific reclamation tasks
such as structure demolition. Because the Handbook provides for a separate
determination of profit and overhead (see Chapter 2 and Worksheet 16), only use
"bare cost" data from the reference manuals. Bare costs do not include profit and
overhead.
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CHAPTER 2
BOND CALCULATION PROCEDURES
There are five major steps in the bond calculation process:
• Determine the point of maximum reclamation cost liability.
• Estimate direct reclamation costs such as earthmoving, revegetation, and
the removal and demolition of structures not to be retained as part of the
postmining land use.
• Adjust direct costs for inflation.
• Estimate indirect reclamation costs, including contractor and equipment
mobilization and demobilization charges, contingency allowances, redesign
expenses (including surveying, aerial photography, and monitoring in
support of this effort), profit and overhead, and contract management fees.
• Calculate the total bond amount.
Appendix A contains worksheets for the orderly completion and documentation of
each step. Appendix B provides examples of completed worksheets. Appendix
E contains a metric conversion table for use when permitting information is
submitted in metric units.
STEP 1: DETERMINE POINT OF MAXIMUM RECLAMATION COST LIABILITY
Since this is the most important step in the cost-estimating procedure, complete
Worksheet 1 only after carefully studying the operation and reclamation plans in
the permit application.
This point will differ for each operation depending on the nature and complexity of
the operation, the number of factors present, and the operation and reclamation
plans. Generally, the greatest reclamation cost liability occurs at the point in the
permit term at which one or more of the following conditions exist:
• The greatest area of disturbance or the greatest area requiring final
grading, topsoil placement, and revegetation.
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--------------------------------------------------
• The largest volume of material to be backfilled and graded to establish
suitable postmining contours. For multiple-seam mining operations, this is
the point at which coal extraction from the lowest coal seam is complete,
most of the overburden removed to that point has been placed in excess
spoil fills, and little or no backfilling has occurred.
• The longest haul distance between spoil or topsoil storage areas and the
final placement location.
• The greatest number of on-site structures.
• The point at which refuse piles require the largest amount of cover
material.
• Maximum disturbance of areas with special reclamation needs or special
materials handling plans, such as sites with prime farmland soils, acidic or
toxic materials, difficult topographic situations, or underground mine
workings that must be sealed.
As with all engineering estimates, the bond calculation should be supported by
documentation of all assumptions, references, and data sources.
STEP 2: ESTIMATE DIRECT RECLAMATION COSTS
Reclamation of most surface coal mining operations includes the following
sequence of activities:
• Structure demolition and disposal, including the removal of mining-related
buildings and other structures and facilities that are not approved for
retention as part of the postmining land use.
• Earthmoving, including backfilling and rough grading, spoil ridge reduction,
highwall elimination, final pit elimination, pond and road reclamation, final
grading, and topSOil replacement.
• Revegetation.
In addition, other tasks such as sealing mine portals and pumping and treating
impounded water may be necessary as part of the reclamation process.
This section describes how to estimate the cost of each of these activities.
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I. Structure Demolition and Disposal (Worksheet 2)
With the exception of structures approved for retention as part of the postmining
land use, the regulations require the reclamation of all haul and access roads and
the removal and disposal of all mining-related buildings, crushers, coal storage
bunkers and silos, conveyor systems, fences, foundations, power lines, rail spurs,
utilities, storage facilities for equipment and supplies, and other similar structures
within the permit area.
For cost estimation purposes, removal of a structure means demolition of the
structure. Below-grade foundations and buried utilities may be left in place when
compatible with the approved postmining land use.
With respect to the reclamation of roads that are not approved for retention as
part of the postmining land use, the structure demolition cost category includes
expenses associated with the removal and disposal of bridges and culverts, as
well as any road-surfacing materials that are incompatible with the postmining
land use or revegetation requirements. Other road reclamation costs such as
grading and scarification are more properly included in the earthmoving and
revegetation cost categories.
Unless the reclamation plan documents that the pertinent solid waste disposal
authority has approved on-site disposal, all structure demolition cost estimates
must include transportation expenses, landfill disposal fees, and other costs
associated with the disposal of demolition debris in an approved solid waste
disposal facility. The approval of the solid waste disposal authority may not be
necessary for the disposal of loose road-surfacing materials (shale, gravel, or
crushed stone) in the backfill.
Include costs for disposal of abandoned equipment and supplies. Because there
is no reasonable means of predicting whether equipment and supplies or other
materials with potential resale value will be left on site at the time of bond
forfeiture, do not allow credit for the salvage value of building materials or
abandoned equipment and supplies.
Use Worksheet 2 and appropriate reference manuals such as the Means guides
to calculate costs associated with the demolition and removal of structures.
When using reference manuals, avoid data that incorporate overhead and profit.
The Handbook provides a different method for estimating overhead and profit
(see Worksheet 16 and Graph 2).
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II. Earthmoving (Worksheets 3 through 13)
A. Introduction
For most surface mining operations, earthmoving is the major reclamation cost.
Necessary earthmoving activities most commonly include backfilling, grading,
placement of cover materials (especially on coal refuse disposal sites), and
topsoil redistribution. Backfilling consists of the mass transport of spoil to
eliminate spoil piles, pits, and highwalls.
Grading commonly includes:
• Removing diversions and siltation structures,
• Reshaping road cut-and-fill slopes,
• Reconstructing stream channels,
• Recontouring all disturbed areas to restore appropriate drainage patterns
and facilitate the postmining land use,
• Preparing the site for topsoil redistribution, and
• Ripping or scarifying the regraded overburden necessary to ensure topsoil
adhesion.
To estimate costs for earthmoving activities, complete Worksheets 3 through 13,
following the instructions below and the examples in Appendix B. Worksheet 3,
the materials handling plan, identifies and describes each type of earthmoving
activity needed at the point of anticipated maximum reclamation cost liability.
Worksheets 4A and 48 provide two alternatives for calculating the volumes of
materials to be handled. Worksheets 5 through 12 provide a means of
calculating site-specific equipment productivity data for various types and models
of equipment, using the equipment productivity and performance guidebooks
listed in Chapter 1.
B. Materials Handling Plan (Worksheet 3)
Use Worksheet 3 to identify and describe each specific earthmoving activity
required as a result of the configuration of the operation at the point of maximum
reclamation liability. The determination of equipment needs, productivity, and
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costs will depend on the information provided on this worksheet. Development of
the materials handling plan requires determination of the volume of material to be
handled, haul distances and grades, and the types of equipment to be used, as
discussed below:
• Material Volume Estimates
Using the reclamation and operation plans in the permit application,
compare the pre-reclamation and post-reclamation topography of the site
to determine the amount of material that must be handled. Use standard
engineering methods to calculate earthmoving volumes. For example, a
series of pre-reclamation and post-reclamation cross sections can be used
to calculate volumes by the average-end-area method (see Worksheet 4A).
Alternatively, use Worksheet 48 to estimate earthmoving needs by
calculating the volume of a series of geometric shapes that resemble the
difference between pre- and post-reclamation topography. Appendix B
contains examples of these two approaches. You may also determine
earthmoving volumes using computer programs such as Dynamic
Graphics, Inc's, earth Vision, Carlson Software's SurvCADD, and Civil
Software Design's SEDCAD programs. This software is available from
OSM's Technical Information System (TIPS). Document all calculations
regardless of the method selected.
Material volume is defined according to its state in the earthmoving
process. The three measures of volume are bank cubic yards (BCY), loose
cubic yards (LCY), and compacted cubic yards (CCY). Swell is the
increase in volume resulting from a change from bank state to loose state;
i.e., the increase in volume caused by excavation. Excavation causes
fragmentation, which results in an increase in void spaces.
All excavated materials settle over time, reducing both the void spaces and
overall volume. In addition, mechanical compaction results in some
immediate volume shrinkage. Hence, the loose volume of material
required to backfill an open pit is greater than the pit void space (pit
volume) because of the shrinkage and compaction of the loose backfill
material that occurs during and after placement in the pit.
One cubic yard of material lying in its undisturbed, geologic state is 1 BCY.
One cubic yard of material that has been excavated and has expanded in
volume as a result of the fragmentation that occurs during excavation is 1
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LCY. One cubic yard of excavated material that has been subsequently
compacted during placement is 1 CCY.
Most equipment productivity calculations are based on moving loose
volumes of material. Therefore, convert in-place volumes to be moved to
loose volumes.
The reclamation and operation plans in the permit application identify the
type of overburden materials present within the permit area. Generally,
they also specify swell and shrinkage factors for these materials. Verify
this information by comparison with swell and shrinkage factors in
appropriate equipment guidebooks or other standard engineering reference
materials.
Some equipment manuals refer to a load factor, which is the loose density
divided by the bank density. Multiply the loose volume of material by the
load factor to determine bank volume. This calculation is necessary to
estimate productivity and payloads in terms of bank cubic yards (BCY).
Use the following equation to determine the swell factor using a load factor:
Swell Factor = (100 + load factor) - 100
• Haul Distance Estimates
Using the reclamation and operation plans in the permit application
(including designated haul roads and routes), determine haul distances for
each area where backfilling, grading, topsoil replacement, or other
earthmoving activities will occur. Identify the approximate centroid (surface
expression of the center of mass) of each source material and its
destination and determine the centroid-to-centroid distance.
• Grade Estimates
Haul grades and surface conditions greatly impact equipment productivity
and may limit the type of equipment that can be used. Most equipment
productivity and performance guides express these limitations in terms of
the total resistance of the haul, which is the sum of the rolling resistance
and grade resistance. The guides contain tables that convert rolling
resistance to an equivalent percent grade for various types of road and
surface conditions.
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• Equipment Selection
Equipment selection for cost estimation purposes is a two-step process:
First, select the type of equipment (for example, bulldozer or scraper)
based on the guidance in this Handbook, information in equipment
productivity and performance guides, the reclamation and operation plans
in the permit application, and experience.
Second, select the model and size of equipment based on information
contained in the materials handling plan (Worksheet 3), the reclamation
and operation plans in the permit application, and equipment productivity
and performance guides.
For both the first and second steps, complete Worksheets 5 through 12 for
several types and models of readily available equipment to determine the
most cost-effective equipment type and model or combination of equipment
types and models for each earthmoving activity.
When completing Worksheet 13 (earthmoving costs), use an industry
publication containing recent cost data for construction equipment to
determine hourly equipment ownership costs. PRIMEDIA Information,
Inc.'s Cost Reference Guide for Construction Equipment (CRG) is one
example of such a publication.
Use regional Davis-Bacon wage rates from the Department of Labor to
determine hourly labor costs (see the examples in Appendix B). In some
cases other local costs may be appropriate and can be substituted for the
CRG and Davis-Bacon rates. The Department of the Interior's Acquisition
Regulations (DIAR) require compliance with the Indian Self-Determination
and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 452) when reclamation contracts
are let on Indian lands. Thus, local tribal wage rates must be considered
when calculating the potential cost of reclamation. This information can be
obtained from regional Bureau of Indian Affairs offices or on Navajo lands,
through the Office of Navajo Labor Relations. Justify and document any
substitutions from the regional Davis-Bacon wage rates.
Do not automatically select the equipment listed in the operation and
reclamation plans submitted by the applicant. In the event of forfeiture,
equipment such as draglines, large shovels and equipment unique to the
permittee most likely will not be available to potential contractors. Before
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calculating earthmoving costs for operations that plan to use this type of
equipment, check with several regional earthmoving contractors to
determine what equipment may be available. To maintain compliance with
Federal procurement requirements, do not base calculations on equipment
available to only one contractor.
Appendix C provides additional guidance on equipment selection,
operation, and productivity.
Equipment needs for typical earthmoving activities are described below:
Spoil Ridge Reduction: Operations that use area mining methods normally
rely upon bulldozers to move the tops of the spoil ridges into the valleys
between the ridges.
Final Pit IHighwall Elimination: Bulldozers are usually the equipment of
choice to fill the last pit with material obtained from adjacent spoil ridges or
the area above the highwall (when approved in the permit). When the
mining method requires the use of stockpiled overburden, scrapers or a
combination of trucks and loaders are typically used to move stockpiled
materials to the pit. When trucks and loaders are used, bulldozers spread
the material in the pit area. If the pit is to be reconfigured for retention as a
permanent impoundment, bulldozers are normally used to reduce the
highwall and spoil slopes to acceptable grades.
In some cases the reclamation plan may not address this reclamation
need. For example, the reclamation and operation plans for a mountaintop
removal operation would assume complete removal of the top of the
mountain, meaning that no highwall elimination would be necessary.
However, if a highwall exists at the time of bond forfeiture, we would need
to use methods such as ripping or blasting to eliminate the highwall.
Final Grading: Scrapers, bulldozers, and motor graders are commonly
used to recontour backfilled areas, excess spoil disposal structures, and
other disturbed areas to facilitate proper drainage and the approved
postmining land use and to prepare disturbed areas for topsoil
redistribution. In some cases, especially for sites formerly used as roads
or support facilities, ripping with bulldozers may be required to reduce
compaction in the root zone and provide a slightly rough surface to promote
topsoil adhesion.
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Topsoil Redistribution: Topsoil redistribution involves the use of scrapers,
front-end loaders, trucks, bulldozers, and/or graders. The choice of
equipment depends on grade, the haul distance between stockpiles and
placement areas, and the volume of material to be moved. Prime farmland
requires more attention to equipment selection and material handling to
ensure proper soil horizon placement, soil depth, and compaction.
Removal of Diversions and Siltation Structures: Bulldozers are generally
adequate to grade out diversions and excavated siltation structures. In
some cases, a hydraulic backhoe excavator or small dragline is required to
dredge accumulated sediment.
Covering Exposed Coal Mine Waste or Other Acid- or Toxic- Forming
Materials: When the reclamation and operation plans require the
application of cover material prior to revegetation, the same equipment
considerations as those discussed under "Topsoil Redistribution" apply to
the transport and distribution of this material. Examples include the
covering of coarse coal mine refuse, slurry impoundments and coal
stockpile pads.
C. Equipment Productivity and Costs (Worksheets 5 through 13)
As discussed above, development of the materials handling plan requires a
determination of equipment productivity and earthmoving costs. Use Worksheets
5 through 12 to calculate the production of individual pieces of equipment and
the hours required for the job. Use Worksheet 13 to calculate earthmoving costs.
Generally, the productivity of a piece of equipment is expressed in cubic yards
per hour. Common factors governing equipment productivity are capacity, cycle
time, site conditions, and material characteristics.
Reclamation jobs do not operate at 100% efficiency. Complex factors such as
operator skill, repairs and adjustments, and personnel and job layout delays are
either addressed individually as part of the "Operator Factor" (see Worksheet 5)
or combined in an "Efficiency Factor" (see Worksheets 5 through 12). When
site-specific data are not available use the information below as guidance.
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EFFICIENCY FACTOR
Conditions
Excellent
Average
Unfavorable or
Night
Crawler Equipment
0.92
55 min/hr
0.83
50 min/hr
0.75
45 min/hr
Rubber-tired Equipment
0.83
50 min/hr
0.75
45 min/hr
0.67
40 min/hr
To calculate the number of hours that the equipment is needed, apply productivity
rates to the amount of material that must be moved. To determine the hourly cost
of equipment during the reclamation operation, adjust the components of the
hourly costs in the eRG for the number of shifts, fuel costs, etc., as applicable.
III. Revegetation (Worksheet 14)
Use Worksheet 14 to calculate costs associated with revegetation efforts. The
initial revegetation process generally consists of seedbed preparation, including
such tasks as soil sampling, application of soil amendments (fertilizer, lime, etc.),
seeding, planting, and mulching. Worksheet 14 refers to this as "Initial Seeding."
Calculate this cost for all disturbed areas within the worst-case scenario. The
reclamation plan will specify the soil condition and species mix. It will also clarify
whether irrigation and the planting of trees and shrubs are necessary. Potential
sources of cost information for these requirements include the Cooperative
Extension Service; agricultural supply firms; agricultural publications;
revegetation contractors; landscaping services; Federal, State and Tribal forestry
agencies; and State, Federal and Tribal abandoned mine land and bond forfeiture
reclamation contracts and programs.
Weather and site conditions may result in complete or partial failure of an initial
revegetation effort. The cost estimate must also include reseeding and replanting
expenses associated with vegetative failures, including all disturbed lands within
the permit area not yet released. This reseeding and replanting cost is based on
site conditions and historic vegetative failure rates for the operation being
evaluated, or similar operations on similar sites. This reseeding and planting cost
18 04105/00
estimate must include an allowance for any soil sampling, regrading and
earthmoving costs necessary to evaluate and repair the site as part of the
reseeding/replanting effort.
Worksheet 14 covers the following aspects of revegetation:
• Initial seeding and planting of the worst-case scenario area.
• Vegetative failure of the worst-case scenario area (Le., reseeding and
replanting needed).
• Vegetative failure for any other unreleased disturbed areas within the
permit area (Le., reseeding and replanting needed).
IV. Other Direct Reclamation Costs (Worksheet 15)
Depending upon site conditions and applicable requirements of the reclamation
and operation plans, other necessary reclamation activities may include:
• Pumping and treating impounded waters.
• Replacing wetlands.
• Sealing underground mine entries and openings.
• Plugging auger holes.
• Sealing monitoring wells and other drilled holes.
• Constructing rock drains.
• Disposing of toxic, hazardous, and other solid (noncoal) waste in
accordance with state and Federal laws and local ordinances.
• Maintaining roads during reclamation including grading, surfacing, ditches
and culverts, and snow removal.
• Maintaining ponds.
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• Water sampling and monitoring to the extent required to comply with any
necessary Federal, State, or local permits.
• Evaluating and rehabilitating structures to be retained as part of the
postmining land use (ponds, roads, diversions, etc.).
In addition, two other potential cost considerations may arise after permit
issuance:
• Under 30 CFR 817.121(c)(5), unless the permittee corrects the damage
within a specified time or has sufficient insurance coverage, the regulatory
authority must require the permittee to obtain additional performance bond
to cover the cost of (1) correcting subsidence-related material damage to
surface lands and protected structures, and (2) replacing certain water
supplies adversely impacted by underground mining operations.
• If an unanticipated pollutional discharge requiring long-term treatment
develops, the regulatory authority must adjust the bond or require the
permittee to post equivalent financial assurance to cover all foreseeable
abatement and future treatment costs.
Since there is no established method of estimating costs for most of the activities
listed under this heading, use best professional judgement to calculate bond
amounts on a case-by-case basis. In some instances, the construction cost
reference manuals listed in Chapter 1 may prove useful. Use Worksheet 15 to
explain the basis for all cost estimates for these activities.
Use Means guides or obtain estimates from several local contractors to
determine the amount of bond required to guarantee repair of subsidence-related
damage to surface lands and protected structures. Similarly, use estimates from
local drilling and plumbing contractors to estimate the bond amount required to
guarantee replacement of damaged water supplies and delivery systems.
Appendix D provides general guidance on the calculation of bond amounts
needed to cover abatement and long-term treatment costs associated with
unanticipated pollutional discharges.
20 04/05/00
STEP 3: ADJUST DIRECT COSTS FOR INFLATION
This step addresses anticipated inflationary increases in reclamation costs during
the permit term and after permit expiration but before final bond release.
I. During a Permit Term
There are two approaches for addressing inflation during a permit term. One
approach uses an inflation factor to increase the initial bond amount to reflect
inflation for the full permit term. The other approach does not include inflation as
an element of the initial bond calculation. Instead, it requires recalculation and
adjustment of bond amounts on a fixed schedule (at a minimum during the mid-
term permit review process and at permit renewal) to cover any reclamation cost
increases due to inflation. .
Adjustment Using 5-Year Permit Term
To calculate the inflation factor for a 5-year permit term under the first approach,
use the formula below and an index such as the Construction Cost Indexes (CCI)
in the Engineering News Record (ENR) (http://www.enr.com). We recognize that
other cost indexes may be appropriate to use in lieu of the one suggested, but for
purposes of this example, we chose the CCI. For further information on the
construction cost index, see "Cost History, Keeping Track of a Moving Target,"
Engineering News Record, March 30,1992, pages 42-47.
Divide the CCI for the current month and year by the CCI for the
same month five years earlier, assuming the term of the permit is
five years. For example, if the current month and year is February
1999, divide the CCI for February 1999 by the CCI for February
1994.
Example: CCI (February 1999): 5992 CCI (February 1994): 5371
Inflation factor: 5992 + 5371 = 1.11562 [Enter on Worksheet 16.]
Total inflation (5 years): 11.562%
Multiply the Total Direct Costs from Line 5 of Worksheet 16 by the inflation factor
to compute the Inflated Total Direct Costs.
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r------------------
Adjustment Using a Schedule
Under the bond adjustment schedule approach, we must periodically either
recalculate all reclamation cost estimates or use an appropriate inflation factor to
adjust the previous reclamation cost estimates to account for inflation since the
time of the previous bond calculation. When using this approach, Lines 5 and 6
of Worksheet 16 will be the same. Add a footnote describing the bond
adjustment schedule.
Adjustments for inflation also may be considered when permit revisions change
the costs of reclamation.
II. After Permit Expiration
We also must consider inflation when calculating the amount of bond to be
retained after Phase I or II bond release. For these calculations, use a base
period equal to the minimum revegetation responsibility period under 30 CFR
816/817 .116( c), since there is no permit required for reclamation and hence no
midterm permit reviews or permit renewals. See Worksheets 17 and 18. As an
alternative, you may establish a periodic bond adjustment schedule during the
revegetation responsibility period. The bond would then be adjusted for inflation
in accordance with the schedule.
STEP 4: ESTIMATE INDIRECT RECLAMATION COSTS
Use Worksheet 16, standard reference materials, and the procedures set forth
below to calculate indirect costs, which include contract preparation costs and
other administrative expenses that the regulatory authority would not incur in the
absence of forfeiture. Explain any deviations from the standard reference
materials in an attachment to the worksheet. Compute indirect costs as a
percentage of the inflated direct costs as shown on Worksheet 16, Lines 7
through 11.
I. Mobilization and Demobilization
This category of indirect costs is an allowance for the cost of moving equipment
to and from the reclamation site. Costs will vary based on the type and number
of equipment to be hauled and the distance to the site.
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Consider whether a separate mobilization/demobilization will be necessary to
remove sedimentation ponds and associated diversions at a later date and
calculate costs accordingly.
Mobilization and demobilization costs normally range up to 10 percent of the total
direct costs. Unusual time constraints, a need for special equipment, the
presence of non-standard features or conditions that hinder equipment mobility,
or a remote location may require actual cost estimates that could result in the use
of a higher percentage. Enter this cost estimate on Line 7 of Worksheet 16.
Explain the basis for the estimate on the worksheet or in an attachment.
II. Contingency Allowances
The bond amount must include a contingency allowance to cover unanticipated
costs resulting from unexpected natural events and uncertainties associated with
the assumptions that form the basis for the operation and reclamation plans and
reclamation cost estimates. This category does not include any activity for which
the reclamation and operation plans provide sufficient information to enable
calculation as a direct cost. The contingency allowance covers only truly
unexpected and unforeseeable events.
Calculate the contingency allowance as a percentage of the total direct costs on
Line 8 of Worksheet 16. Based on the 1998 Means Heavy Construction Cost
Data, this allowance should range between 3 and 5 percent of the total direct
costs.
III. Engineering Redesign Costs
For various reasons, the reclamation and operation plans in the permit application
may not reflect site conditions at the time of bond forfeiture. In addition, they may
not be sufficiently detailed to serve as contract plans and specifications.
Therefore, in the event of bond forfeiture, the regulatory authority may have to
supplement or modify these plans. Necessary activities may include:
• Preparing maps and plans to show the extent of required reclamation.
• Surveying topsoil and overburden stockpiles to determine the amount of
material available.
• Analyzing topsoil and overburden stockpiles to determine whether special
handling is necessary.
23 04/05/00
• Evaluating structures to assess the difficulty of demolition and removal.
• Evaluating impoundments and roads to determine any special reclamation
needs (such as the presence of toxic materials), the feasibility of leaving
those structures in place, and the rehabilitation needed to ensure stability
and facilitate the postmining land use.
• Assessing the condition of areas reclaimed by the permittee to determine
whether additional work is needed to complete the reclamation plan.
• Preparing contract documents.
Calculate the engineering redesign costs as a percentage of the total direct costs
on Line 9 of Worksheet 16. Based on the 1998 Means Building Cost Data, the
allowance for these engineering fees (landscape and site development) should
range between 2.5% and 6% of the total direct costs. If you deviate from the
recommended percentages, include an explanation on Worksheet 16.
IV. Profit and Overhead
Because we contract with a third party to perform the actual reclamation work, the
bond amount must include an allowance for the contractor's profit and overhead.
As noted in Chapter 1 under "Data Sources," all data used to estimate direct
reclamation costs in Step 2 of Chapter 2 include only bare costs, which exclude
any allowance for contractor's profit and overhead expenses.
A reasonable profit margin may range from a minimum of 10% of the total direct
costs for very large jobs to as high as 30% of the total direct costs for very small
jobs.
Because reclamation operations differ greatly in size and complexity, overhead
costs will vary greatly depending on the assets, operating techniques, business
structure, and financial condition of individual contractors. For example, to
complete the same job, some contractors may not need field offices, shops, or
site-specific office personnel, while other contractors will have complete on-site
support facilities.
However, all construction and reclamation contractors have overhead costs in
addition to the direct costs of equipment, labor and materials that we have
already calculated in Step 2 of this chapter. These additional costs normally
24 04/05/00
include field support staff and services, labor benefits (at 35% of labor and
supervisory costs, these costs may range between 1 % and 7% of the total direct
costs), costs of temporary facilities or company offices, office equipment and
utilities, security, storage, insurance, taxes, and bonds (including the cost of
obtaining and posting a contract performance bond), permits, and company
vehicles.
A reasonable allowance for generally accepted overhead costs is a minimum of
5% of the total direct costs.
To simplify the process, Graph 1, Profit and Overhead, combines profit and
overhead into a single cost allowance, calculated as a percentage of the total
inflated direct costs on Worksheet 16. This graph is based on the 1998 Means
Building Construction Cost Data.
v. Project Management Fee
This fee covers the cost of hiring a project management firm to inspect and
supervise the work performed by the reclamation contractor. Additional
management tasks may include dam inspection. Use Graph 2, Project
Management Fee, to calculate this fee. This graph reflects the construction cost
data in 1998 Means Building Construction Cost Data.
STEP 5: CALCULATE THE TOTAL PERFORMANCE BOND AMOUNT
Add all entries for direct and indirect reclamation costs on Worksheet 16 to
determine the amount of bond required.
At the bottom of Worksheet 16, there is a space to record a construction cost
index. In the absence of major changes to the reclamation and operation plans,
this index allows the inflation factor portion of the bond estimate to be updated
periodically without redoing the direct cost calculations needed to establish the
initial bond amount. The cost index referenced is the "Construction Cost Index"
published monthly in the Engineering News Record (McGraw-Hili, NY).
25 04/05/00
(blank page)
26 04/05/00
CHAPTER 3
SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR CALCULATION OF
INCREMENTAL, CUMULATIVE, AND PHASE BONDS
The bond calculation methodology in Chapter 2 and the assumptions in Chapter 1
presume that the permit applicant will post bond for the entire permit area prior to
permit issuance. However, the same methodology and assumptions apply when
the applicant elects to post bond on an incremental or cumulative basis, or use
phase bonds.
INCREMENTAL BONDS
If the applicant selects the incremental method of bonding, use Chapter 2 to
estimate reclamation costs and determine the amount of bond required for each
increment, rather than for the entire permit area. Because the bond posted for
each increment applies only to that increment, treat each increment as a separate
mining and reclamation unit with its own maximum reclamation cost liability.
When using incremental bonding, the permittee may not transfer bond coverage
from reclaimed acreage in one increment to land in another increment.
Under 30 CFR 800.11 (b)(3), the permit applicant must identify both the initial and
successive bonding increments, together with the amount of bond proposed to be
provided for each increment. However, the regulations do not apply this
requirement to the regulatory authority. Instead, they provide only that, at the
time of permit application approval, the regulatory authority must calculate the
amount of bond required for the initial increment. The regulatory authority must
then calculate the required bond amount for each successive increment at the
time that the permittee proposes to disturb that increment. At its discretion, the
regulatory authority may calculate the amount of bond required for each
successive increment at the same time that it calculates the amount of bond
required for the initial increment.
CUMULATIVE BONDS
If the applicant selects the cumulative method of bonding, use Chapter 2 to
estimate reclamation costs and determine the amount of bond required for the
initial stage of operations. As with incremental bonding, treat this initial stage of
operations as a separate mining and reclamation unit with its own maximum
27 04/05/00
reclamation cost liability. However, legal liability under the bond posted for the
initial stage applies to the entire permit area, as do bonds posted for all
successive operational stages. Hence, unlike incremental bonding, the
reclamation cost estimates and bond calculations for each successive operational
stage must include all previously bonded operational stages.
For example, a permittee may choose to post bond annually for the term of the
permit based on antiCipated disturbance during each year of the permit term.
Under this scenario, the permittee initially would post a bond in an amount
sufficient to cover the maximum reclamation cost liability that would be
encountered during the first year of the permit term under the approved
reclamation plan. The permittee would then supplement that bond with additional
bonds during each of the following years until the amount of bond on file is
sufficient to cover the maximum reclamation cost liability for the entire permit
area. The annual supplement plus the amount of bond posted for previous years
must always be sufficient to cover the maximum reclamation cost liability
associated with both the upcoming year and all previous years. The bond
amount may not be reduced unless the reduction occurs through the bond release
process.
As with incremental bonding, under 30 CFR 800.11 (b)(3), a permit applicant
proposing to use the cumulative method of bonding must identify both the initial
and all successive portions of the permit area for which bond will be posted,
together with the amount of bond proposed to be provided for each portion.
However, the regulations do not apply this requirement to the regulatory authority.
Instead, they provide only that, at the time of permit application approval, the
regulatory authority must calculate the amount of bond required for the initial
portion. The regulatory authority must then calculate the required bond amount
for each successive portion at the time that the permittee proposes to disturb that
portion. At its discretion, the regulatory authority may calculate the amount of
bond required for each successive portion at the same time that it calculates the
amount of bond required for the initial portion.
In summary, under the cumulative method of bonding, when the permittee
proposes to advance beyond the initial operational stages, we must calculate
maximum reclamation cost liabilities for both the entire permit area and the
portion of the permit area proposed for disturbance. Once the operation reaches
the pOint of maximum reclamation cost liability for the permit area as a whole, we
may not need to require any additional bond for subsequent disturbance, but
neither may we return any of the bond already posted unless we and the
permittee adhere to the bond release criteria and procedures of 30 CFR 800.40.
28 04/05/00
PHASE BONDS
Under 30 CFR 800.13(a)(2), the regulatory authority has the discretion to either
accept or reject use of the phase bonding method.
When using phase bonding, the permit applicant posts separate bonds for each
phase of reclamation as defined in 30 CFR 800.40. The applicant has the choice
of posting these bonds for the entire permit area or using either the incremental or
cumulative method of bonding. In all cases, the applicant or permittee must post
bonds sufficient to cover all reclamation phases for the land to be disturbed prior
to initial disturbance. For example, the permittee may not delay submission of a
Phase II bond until Phase I reclamation is completed.
Under 30 CFR 800.13(a)(2), each phase bond must specify in detail the scope of
work that it guarantees. This requirement is important because, with a few
exceptions, 30 CFR 800.40 does not clearly specify the permitting requirements
and performance standards that each phase covers. Nor does it establish bright-
line liability distinctions. For example, topSOil replacement may be either a Phase
I or Phase II activity. Therefore, before we can calculate reclamation cost
estimates using the worksheets in Appendix A, we need to know which of those
reclamation activities will be covered by which phase bond.
At a minimum, each Phase I bond must cover backfilling, regrading, and structure
demolition. Each Phase II bond must cover topsoil replacement (when not
included in Phase I), removal of temporary erosion and sedimentation control
structures, and establishment of revegetation. Phase III has no clearly defined
liabilities apart from demonstration of revegetation success and reestablishment
of vegetation in the event of failure. Therefore, we recommend that Phases II and
III be covered by a single bond.
Use the methods in Chapter 2 to estimate the maximum reclamation cost liability
and calculate the amount of bond required for each phase of reclamation. The
area to which this calculation applies depends upon whether the permittee posts
bond for the entire permit area or selects an incremental or cumulative approach.
29 04/05/00
(blank page)
30 04/05/00
CHAPTER 4
BOND RELEASE
REGULATORY BACKGROUND
Under 30 CFR 800.40(b)(1) and section 519(b) of the Act, the regulatory authority
must, upon receipt of a bond release application, inspect and evaluate the
reclamation work, including an assessment of the degree of difficulty in
completing any remaining reclamation. This evaluation also must determine
whether pollution of surface and ground water is occurring, the probability of
future occurrence, and the estimated cost of abating this pollution.
Under 30 CFR 800.40(c)(1) and section 519(c)(1) of the Act, the regulatory
authority may release up to 60 percent of the bond upon completion of Phase I
reclamation, which includes backfilling, regrading, and drainage control. As a
practical matter, Phase I bond release includes structure demolition and removal,
as necessary. Phase I bond release is discretionary on the part of the regulatory
authority, depending upon the results of the evaluation required under 30 CFR
800.40(b)(1) and an evaluation of remaining reclamation costs.
Under 30 CFR 800.40(c)(2) and section 519(c)(2) of the Act, for lands other than
prime farmland, the regulatory authority may release an additional amount of
bond after establishment of revegetation, provided the lands are not contributing
suspended solids to streamflow or runoff outside the permit area in excess of
State and Federal water quality requirements. Normally, this phase (Phase II)
also includes topsoil replacement and removal of temporary erosion and
sedimentation control structures. At this phase, the regulatory authority must
retain sufficient bond to cover the cost of having a third party reestablish
revegetation during the revegetation responsibility period in accordance with the
approved reclamation plan.
For prime farmland, Phase II bond release is contingent upon proof of soil
productivity as determined by crop yields equivalent to yields from non-mined
lands. For all practical purposes, this results in a combination of Phase II and III
bond release.
Finally, under 30 CFR 800.40(c)(3) and section 519(c)(3) of the Act, the
regulatory authority may release the remainder of the bond once the revegetation
responsibility period expires and the permittee meets all reclamation
31 04/05/00
requirements of the permit and approved regulatory program. This action is
sometimes referred to as Phase III bond release.
DISTINCTION BETWEEN BOND ADJUSTMENT AND BOND RELEASE
As discussed in Chapter 1, reduction of bond amounts using the bond adjustment
provisions of 30 CFR 800.15 is allowable only if the reclamation cost estimates
that form the basis for the existing bond amount are no longer valid for reasons
other than the performance of reclamation work. To obtain a reduction in bond
amount on the basis of reclamation work performed, the permittee must apply for
bond release in accordance with 30 CFR 800.40.
CALCULATION OF ALLOWABLE BOND RELEASE AMOUNTS
Upon receipt of a bond release application, we must calculate the cost of
completing all remaining reclamation requirements for the entire permit area (or,
if the permittee used the incremental bonding method, for the entire increment).
Use Worksheet 17 to calculate remaining reclamation costs when considering
Phase I bond release. Use Worksheet 18 to calculate these costs when
considering Phase II bond release. Complete Worksheets 1 through 15 as
necessary to support these computations.
In all cases, we must retain sufficient funds to complete all remaining reclamation
obligations, including those identified as a result of the inspection and evaluation
conducted under 30 CFR 800.40(b)(1). In addition, at Phase I we may not
release more than 60 percent of the total amount of bond posted for the area to
which the release application applies. See 30 CFR 800.40(c)(1). Therefore,
even when the permittee uses phase bonding, we may not release more than 60
percent of the total amount of bond posted for all phases for the applicable area.
Although liability under the Phase I bond is limited to Phase I reclamation
activities, we must retain at least 40 percent of the total bond posted for the area
until Phase II reclamation has been completed and a Phase II liability release
approved.
FINANCIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR POLLUTIONAL DISCHARGES
If pollutional discharges or other conditions causing material damage to the
hydrologic balance outside the permit area exist at the time of application for
bond release, we must retain a sufficient amount of bond at each phase of
release to cover long-term treatment and remediation costs. See Appendix 0 for
guidance on calculating bond amounts for long-term treatment of pollutional
32 04/05/00
discharges. This bond may not be released until treatment is no longer
necessary to prevent material damage to the hydrologic balance.
In lieu of retention of existing bond, the permittee may, subject to regulatory
authority approval, establish a separate financial guarantee under 30 CFR Part
800 to cover all foreseeable discharge treatment and material damage
remediation costs. This is a type of bond to cover one aspect of the operation. As
stated above, the bond release for this aspect would not occur until treatment is
no longer necessary to prevent material damage to the hydrologic balance.
Depending on individual circumstances, acceptable financial assurance
instruments may include surety bonds, trust funds, pollution liability insurance,
general liability insurance, environmental liability insurance, and site liability
environmental exposure insurance. At the time of this publication, examples of
firms that offer the insurance products mentioned above include:
American International Group, Inc. (AIG)
Beacon Hill Associates, Inc.
National Environmental Coverage Corp.
Smith-Manus Agency, Inc.
http://www.aig.com
http://www.b-h-a.com
http://www.necc.com
http://www.smith-manus.com
We do not endorse any of these insurers or products and we do not guarantee
the accuracy of the information posted at Internet sites.
Finally, the permittee has the option of addressing this obligation outside the
bonding process and the requirements of 30 CFR Part 800 by entering into an
enforceable contract with another party to assume treatment or remediation
responsibilities. See the preamble to 30 CFR 700.11 (d)(1 )(ii) at 53 FR 44362,
col. 1, November 2, 1988.
RELEASE OF BOND POSTED TO GUARANTEE WATER SUPPLY
REPLACEMENT OR CORRECTION OF SUBSIDENCE DAMAGE
Under 30 CFR 817.121 (c)(5), in certain situations, the regulatory authority must
require the permittee to obtain additional performance bond to cover the costs of
repairing, replacing, or providing compensation for material damage to protected
structures when the damage is a result of subsidence caused by underground
mining operations. The same requirement applies to subsidence-related material
damage to surface lands and to certain drinking, domestic, or residential water
supplies adversely impacted by underground mining operations.
33 04/05/00
The preamble to this rule states that the release procedures of 30 CFR 800.40
apply to bond posted under this rule. However, land, structures, and water
supplies covered by this bond generally lie outside the permit area. Hence, there
is no revegetation responsibility period and no need for a phased bond release.
Provided all other release criteria and procedural requirements of 30 CFR 800.40
are met, we may release the entire bond amount posted under 30 CFR
817.121 (c)(5) once the water supply is replaced, the damage to surface lands or
protected structures is repaired, or the owner is compensated for damage to
protected structures.
34 04/05/00
REFERENCES CITED
Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 28, Caterpillar, Inc., Peoria, IL, 1997.
Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29, Caterpillar, Inc., Peoria, IL, 1998.
Contractors Equipment Cost Guide, PRIMEDIA Information, Inc., Machinery
Information Division, San Jose, CA, 1998.
"Construction Cost Index," Engineering News Record, McGraw-Hili, New York,
published monthly.
"Cost History, Keeping Track of a Moving Target," Engineering News Record,
McGraw-Hili, New York, March 30, 1992, pp. 42-47.
Cost Reference Guide (CRG) for Construction Equipment, PRIMEDIA
Information, Inc., Machinery Information Division, San Jose, CA, 1998.
Note: Various sections of this reference are updated quarterly; overall the book is
updated annually.
Means Building Construction Cost Data, R.S. Means Company, Inc., Kingston,
MA,1998.
Means Heavy Construction Cost Data, R.S. Means Company, Inc., Kingston,
MA,1998.
Means Site Work and Landscape Cost Data, R.S. Means Company, Inc.,
Kingston, MA, 1998.
35 04/05/00
Profit and Overhead
Graph 1
100,000
!
o ~ : - - - + - - ~ - - ~ - - ~ - - + f - - ~ - - ~ - - ' - - - + - ~ :
10 15 20 25 30
Percent of Inflated Direct Costs
Graphical representation of
Reference lines 010 000 062 0300 through 0450
From Means 1998 Building Construction Cost Data,
Copyright R.S. Means Co., Inc., Kingston, MA,
781-585-7880, all rights reserved.
35
100,000
10,000
Project Management Fee
Graph 2
•••••••••• -:- ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• -c•• __ •••••••••• _-}. __ ••••••••••••••••••••••••• : ••••••• --_ •• _--:- •••••••••••••••• __ •••• --_ ••• -:-_ ••••••
.• -:1' ..
\!
. .
:::::::::[::::::: :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ::::x::::::: :::::::[:::::::.::::::::::::::::::::::;::::::: :::::::[::::::: ::::::::::::::::::::::r:::::
........ + ............................................ i,· ........ + ............................. + ............. + ..................... """'1""""
.-+ ...... -....... -...... N ....... ·······11········:::1
o 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Percent of Inflated Direct Costs
Graphical extension of
Reference lines 010 000 0160050 and 0300
From Means 1998 Building Construction Cost Data,
Copyright R.S. Means Co., Inc., Kingston, MA,
781-585-7880, all rights reserved.
9 10
APPENDIX A
BOND CALCULATION WORKSHEETS
04/05/00
BOND AMOUNT COMPUTATION
Applicant:
Permit Number: ________ Permitted Acreage: _______ _
Bonding Scheme (permit area, incremental, cumulative): ________ _
If Incremental:
Increment Number:
Increment Acreage:
If Cumulative:
Acres previously authorized for disturbance:
New acres proposed for disturbance:
Type of Operation:
Location:
Prepared by:
Date:
Total Bond Amount: $ ______________ _
A-1 04/05/00
Project: ________ _
Date: ________ _
Prepared by: ________ _
WORKSHEET 1
DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO
Assumptions:
Data Source(s):
A-2 04/05/00
Project: ________ _
Dare: ________ __
Prepared by: ________ __
WORKSHEET 2
STRUCTURE DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL COSTS
Structures to be demolished:
Item Construction Volume Unit Cost Demolition
Material (cubic feet) Basis ($) Cost ($)
Subtotal
Other items to be demolished (paved roads, conveyors, utility poles, rail spurs, etc.):
Subtotal = $ ____________ _
Debris Handling and Disposal Costs:
Subtotal = $ ______ _
TOTAL DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL = $ ______ _
Data Source(s):
A-3 04/05/00
________________________ __
Date:

WORKSHEET 3
MATERIAL HANDLING PLAN SUMMARY
Earthmoving Activity Volume Origin Destination Haul Grade * Equipment
(Ley) Distance (tt) (%) To Be Used
I * Record grade (% grade) here.
A-4 04/05/00
Cross-Sectionl Distance
Station Between
Stations
(ft)
TOTALS
Project: ________ _
Date: ________ _
Prepared by: ________ _
WORKSHEET 4A
EARTHWORK QUANTITY
End Area Volume
(ft2) (yd
3
)*
Adjust- Adjusted
ment Volume
Factor * (LCY)
(%)
* See discussion of material volume estimates in Chapter 2, Step 2, Part II. B. of the Handbook.
Select adjustment factor based on the state of the material to be moved.
Data Source(s):
A-5 04/05/00
Data Source(s):
WORKSHEET 48
EARTHWORK QUANTITY
A-6
Project: ________ _
Date: ________ _
Prepared by: ________ _
04/05/00
----- - --------- -
~ ~ e c t : ____________________ _
Date:
Prepared by: ---------------------
WORKSHEET 5
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material, etc.):
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = ___________ X _____________ X __ ----:=---: _____ X _____ -:-__
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
X __ -...,.-:-__ X ___ -:---:-___ X __ - : - ~ : - - ___ X __ :-----::-__
weight production visibility elevation
=-------
correction method/blade factor factor
factor factor
Net Hourly Production = ________ LCV/hr X _____ -:-__ --:---:-__ --:-_
normal hourly operating adjustment
= LCV/hr
-----
production factor
Hours Required = LCV + LCV/hr = hr
---------...,.- -------- -----
volume to be moved net hourly
production
Data Source(s):
A-7 04/05/00
Project: __________ _
Date: __________ _
Prepared by: __________ _
WORKSHEET 6
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE-GRADING
Earthmoving Activity:
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
Description of Dozer Use (% grade. effective blade width, operating speed, etc.):
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor
=
X X X
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
X X X X
=
weight production visibility elevation
correction method/blade factor factor
factor factor
Hourly Production = _____ mi/hr X ---:-:---:--___ ft X 5,280 nlmi X 1 ac/43,560 ftl
effective blade average
speed
= _____ ac/hr
Net Hourly Production
=
hourly
production
Hours Required
=
area to be graded
Data Source(s):
width
ac/hr X
=
ac/hr
operating adjustment
factor
ac ac/hr
=
hr
net hourly
production
A-a 04/05/00
Project: __________ _
Date: __________ _
Prepared by: __________ _
WORKSHEET 7
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR RIPPER-EQUIPPED DOZER USE
Ripping Activity:
Characterization of Dozer and Ripper Use:
Description of Ripping (ripping depth. cut spacing. cut length. and material to be ripped):
Productivity Calculation:
Cycle Time = ( ______ ft + 88 ftlmin) + min =
_______ min/pass
cut length [speed] fixed turn time *
Passes/Hour = 60 min/hr + _____ min/pass X ____ ---- ______ passes/hr
Volume Cut/Pass =
=
cycle time efficiency
factor
______ ft X
tool penetration
_____ ft X _____ ft) T 27ft
3
/yd
3
cut spacing cut length
_____ BCY/pass
Hourly Production = ______ BCY/pass X _____ passes/hr = _____ BCY/hr
Hours Required = _ - : - - ~ ____ BCY
_______ BCY/hr = _____ hr
**
bank volume hourly
to be ripped ** production
Fixed turn time depends upon dozer used. 0.25 minlturn is normal.
Remember to use the swell factor to convert from bank cubic yards to loose cubic yards when applying these data to
Worksheet 5. Calculate separate dozer hauling of ripped material for each lift on that worksheet.
Data Source(s):
A-9 04/05/00
~ ~ e c t : ____________________ _
Date: ____________________ _
Prepared by: ___________________ _
WORKSHEET 8
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Characterization of Loader Use (type, size, etc.):
Description of Loader Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, etc.):
Productivity Calculations:
Cycle time = __ --:----:--:-_ min +
haul time
(loaded)
____ --:-_ min +
return time
(empty)
Net Bucket Capacity =
_____ LCy X
heaped bucket
-----
bucket fill
factor * capacity
_____________ min =
basic cycle time
=
____ LCy
______ min
Hourly Production = LCY + _________ min X X 60 min/hr = ____ LCY/hr
Hours Required =
net bucket cycle time efficiency
capacity factor
______ LCY
volume to be
moved
______ LCY/hr = _______ hr
hourly
production
* See loader section of equipment manual.
Data Source(s):
A-10 04/05/00
Project: __________ _
Date: __________ _
Prepared by: __________ _
WORKSHEET 9
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Characterization of Truck Use (type. size. etc.):
Description of Truck Use (origin. destination. grade. haul distance. capacity. etc.):
Productivity Calculations:
No. Loader Passes/Truck =
-:----:-_----:----:_ LCV
truck capacity *
-:---:---:---:--:- LCV =
_________ passes
loader bucket (round down to nearest
net capacity whole number)
Net Truck Capacity =
______ L,CV X
=
________ LCV
loader bucket
net capacity
no. loader passes/truck
Loading Time/Truck = --::-----:-__ .,-----::--____ min X __ :--____ :----:- =
______ min
loader cycle time no. loader passes/truck
(from Worksheet 8 or 10)
Truck Cycle Time
____ min + ____ min + ____ min + ______ min = ____ min
haul time return time loading dump and
time maneuver time
No. Trucks Required =
_______ min ...
truck cycle time
________ min =
total loading time
_______ trucks
Production Rate =
_______ LCV X
net truck capacity
_____ + _-,-_-:---:-_ min =
no. trucks truck cycle time
Hourly Production =
----:---:-:-----:--
production rate
LCV/min X 60 min/hr X =
efficiency factor
Hours Required = LCV ... LCV/hr =
---------- ----------
volume to be moved hourly production
* Use the average of the struck and ~ capacities.
Data Source(s):
A-11
LCV/min
-----
____ LCV/hr
_____ hr
04/05/00
Project: _________ _
Date: _________ _
Prepared by: _________ _
WORKSHEET 10
PRODUCTIVITY FOR HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR USE (BACKHOE OR POWER SHOVEL)
Earthmoving Activities:
Characterization of the Excavator Used (type, size, etc.):
Description of Excavator Used (loading geometry, materials, etc.):
Productivity Calculations:
Net Bucket Capacity = _____ LCV x ______ =
heaped bucket
capacity
bucket fill factor *
_____ LCV
Hourly Production = LCV X 60 min/hr
----
____ min X ____ = ____ LCV/hr
Hours Required =
net bucket
capacity
~ __ ~ _ ~ ~ __ LCV
volume to be handled
* See loader section of the equipment manual.
** See excavator section of equipment manual.
Data Source(s):
cycle time **
- - - ~ - ~ ~ ­
net hourly production
A-12
efficiency
factor
Lcv/hr =
_____ hr
04/05/00
Project: __________ _
Date: __________ _
Prepared by: __________ _
WORKSHEET 11A
PRODUCTIVITY OF PUSH-PULL OR SELF-LOADING SCRAPER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Characterization of Scraper Used (type. capacity. etc.):
Description of Scraper Use (origin. destination. grade. haul distance. capacity. etc.):
Productivity Calculations:
Cycle = ____ min +
_____ min +
loaded trip time
_____ min + min = ____ min
Time load time
(push-pull
is per pair)
maneuver and
spread time
return trip time (push-pull is
Hourly Production = _____ LCV X 60 min/hr
_____ min X ____ _
capacity *
Hours Required = ______ LCV
volume to be
handled
cycle time efficiency
factor
Lcv/hr = hr
----- -----
net hourly
production
* The average of the struck and heaped capacities; use total for two scrapers for push-pull.
Data Source(s):
A-13
=
per pair)
___ Lcv/hr
(push-pull is
per pair)
04/05/00
Project: __________ _
Date: __________ _
Prepared by: __________ _
WORKSHEET 11 B
PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Characterization of Scraper Used (type, capacity, etc.):
Description of Scraper Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, capacity, etc.):
List Pusher Tractor(s) Used:
Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure on next page):
Scraper Productivity Calculations:
Cycle Time = ____ min + ____ min + ______ min + ____ min = ___ min
load time loaded maneuver and return trip
trip time spread time time
Hourly Production = _____ LCV X 60 min/hr ... ____ min X ___ _
= LCV/hr
-----
capacity fI cycle
time
efficiency
factor
Hours Required = LCV ... LCy/hr = hr
~ - - ~ ~ ~ - ~ - ~ - ~ ~ - ------
volume to be handled hourly production
* Use the average of the struck and ~ capacities.
Push Tractor Productivity Calculations:
Pusher Cycle Time =
_______ min X
scraper load time
Scrapers/Pusher =
________ min
scraper cycle time
Pusher Hours Required =
______ hr
scraper hours
Data Source(s):
=
_____ min
pusher factor
______ min = ____ scrapers
pusher cycle time
scrapers per
pusher
A-14
= _____ hr
(round up)
04/05/00
__________________ __
Date: _________________ _
Prepared by: __________________ _
WORKSHEET 118 (continued)
PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE
PUSHER FACTORS
Single Tandem
Push Push
• I •• c::=>----,--- •••
I
I

1.5 2.0 I
I
\
'--.I ••
A.. BackTrack Loading
•••• c:::::> 1-- __ u I ••
1
I
I
1.3 1.5
\
I •• L,>
B. Chlin Loacing
E i •• ---'> , ••
1
I
I
1.3 1.5
¢::::=J ••• [W:.j
c, Shuttle Loading
Modified from Terex, 1981,
The following disclaimer pertains to the above illustration from Terex, ·Production and Cost Estimating of
Material Movement and Earthmoving Equipment."
This manual is a fundamental text on estimating the
production and cost of moving materials, It is intended
for people associated with the construction industry who
prepare job estimates or who evaluate the performance
of earthmoving equipment and related costs,
The manual can be used as a supplementary text in
those schools and colleges offering formal training in
earthmoving techniques. A metric version of this
manual is also available.
It will also serve as a reference for those professional
consulting engineers who prepare complete job analyses,
of which the earthmoving fundamentals covered in this
text are only one element
Estimating the production and costs of earthmoving
equipment is not an exact science. While this manual
outlines the basic factors or parameters on which
estimates can be made, the user must make judgements,
and must apply his own experience and know-how to
temper the estimate,
This manual, prepared by TEREX, deals with rubber-
tired and track-laying equipment, and does not attempt
to deal with other forms of earthmoving or production,
While the formulas and other guides in this manual are
entirely satisfactory for most earthmoving jobs, the
reader should note that more sophisticated haulage
analyses can be quickly accomplished through the use of
a computer,
While efforts have been made to utilize percentages,
formulas, and other notations in this manual which
reflect actual on-the-job conditions, none of the
statements in this manual, or the illustrative figures
given for machine life, or the costs for owning and
operating earthmoving equipment, or the production of
such earthmoving equipment should be construed as any
form of guarantee that these machines will have any
such specific service life, or production capabilities, or
that costs related to their ownership and operation will
be as indicated.
Data Source(s): TEREX AMERICAS, Tulsa, OK 74107, (918) 445-5802.
A-15 04/05/00
Project: _________ _
Date: _________ _
Prepared by: _________ _
WORKSHEET 12
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR MOTORGRADER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Characterization of Grader Used (type, size capacity, etc.):
Description of Grader Route (push distance, grade, effective blade width, operating speed, etc.):
Productivity Calculations:
Grading
Hourly Production = _____ mi/hr X _______ ft X 5,280 ftImi X 1 ac/43,560 ft2
Hours Required =
Hourly Production
Hours Required =
Total Hours =
average speed effective blade width
X _____ _
= ____ ac/hr
=
X
efficiency factor
__ ~ ~ - - : - - ~ a c
area to be graded
mi/hr X
average speed
=
efficiency factor
ac +
area to be scarified
-:------:-_----:----::_ ac/hr =
hourly production
Scarification
_____ hr
ft X 5,280 ftImi X 1 ac/43,560 ft2
scarifier width
ac/hr
ac/hr = hr
hourly production
Total Hours Required
+
---------
= ____ hr
grading hours required scarification hours required
Data Source(s):
A-16 04/05/00
Project: _________ _
Date: _________ _
Prepared by: _________ _
WORKSHEET 13
SUMMARY CALCULATION OF EARTHMOVING COSTS
Equipment * Ownership & Labor Cost Total Hours Total Cost ***
Operation Cost ($/hr) Required ** ($)
($/hr)
Grand Total
* Include all necessary attachments and accessories for each item of equipment. Also, add support
equipment such as water wagons and graders to match total project time as appropriate.
** Account for multiple units in truck and/or scraper teams.
*** To compute Total Cost: Add Ownership & Operation Cost and Labor Cost columns then multiply by
Total Hours Required column.
Data Source(s):
A-17 04/05/00
~ - ~ - - - ~ ~ ~ - ~ ~ ~ - ~ ~ - ~ - - ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Project: __________ _
Date: __________ _
Prepared by: __________ _
WORKSHEET 14
REVEGETATION COSTS
Name and Description of Area To Be Revegetated:
Description of Revegetation Activities:
Cost Calculation for Individual Revegetation Activities:
Initial Seeding
______ ac X ($ _______ ,/ac + $ ______ ./ac) = $. _____ _
area to be seeded seedbed preparation seeding, fertilizing
& mulching
Planting Trees and Shrubs
_______ ac X ($ _____ ,/ac + $ _______ ,/ac) = $ _____ _
area to be planted planting herbicide
treatment
Reseeding
______ ac X ____ X ( $ lac + $ lac) = $ ___ _
area to be seeded failure rate* seedbed preparation seeding, fertilizing
& unreleased & mulching
disturbed areas
Replanting Trees and Shrubs
______ ac X ____ X ($ ______ ./ac + $_--:--:-:-:-:-_---..:Iac) = $ ___ _
area to be planted failure rate* planting herbicide
& unreleased treatment
disturbed areas
Other Necessary Revegetation Activities
(Examples of other activities that may be necessary include soil sampling, irrigation, and rill and gully repair. Describe each
activity and provide a cost estimate with documentation. Use additional worksheets if necessary.)
Other Costs = $ _____ _
TOTAL REVEGETATION COST = $ ______ _
Identify failure rate and basis. If anticipated failure rates vary within the area proposed for disturbance, use a separate
worksheet for the area subject to each failure rate.
Data Source(s):
A-18 04/05/00
Project: ________ _
Date: ________ _
Prepared by: _________ _
WORKSHEET 15
OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS
(Subsidence damage repair costs, water supply replacement costs, funds required to support
long-term treatment of unanticipated acid or ferruginous mine drainage, etc.)
Description of Reclamation, Repair or Pollution Abatement Activity:
Assumptions:
Cost Estimate Calculations:
TOTAL COSTS = $
-----------
Other Documentation or Notes:
(Include additional sheets, maps, calculations, etc., as necessary to document estimate.)
Data Source(s):
A-19 04/05/00
Project: _________ _
Date: _________ _
Prepared by: _________ _
WORKSHEET 16
RECLAMATION BOND SUMMARY SHEET
1. Total Facility and Structure Removal Costs $
2. Total Earthmoving Costs $
3. Total Revegetation Costs $
4. Total Other Reclamation Activities Costs $
5. Total Direct Costs $
(sum of Lines 1 through 4)
6. Inflated Total Direct Costs $
(Line 5 x inflation factor *)
7. Mobilization/Demobilization (_% of Line 6) $
(1% to 10% of Line 6)
8. Contingencies ( __ % of Line 6) $
(3% to 5% of Line 6)
9. Engineering Redesign Fee ( __ % of Line 6) $
(2.5% to 6% of Line 6)
10. Contractor Profit! Overhead (_% of Line 6) $
(see Graph 1)
11. Project Management Fee ( __ % of Line 6) $
(see Graph 2)
12. Total Indirect Costs $
(sum of Lines 7 through 11)
13. GRAND TOTAL BOND AMOUNT $
(sum of Lines 6 and 12)
* Inflation factor = ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr = _____ = ____ _
ENR CCI for mo/yr 5 years prior to current mo/yr
Identify current month/year used in formula above: ___ _
Identify prior month/year used in formula above:
ENR = Engineering News Record, McGraw-Hili Construction Information Group, New York, NY; http://www.enr.com.
Formula assumes permit term or time until next bond adequacy evaluation is 5 years. Adjust timeframe as necessary.
A-20 04/05/00
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
*
Project: _________ _
Date: _________ _
Prepared by: _________ _
WORKSHEET 17
SUMMARY SHEET FOR DETERMINING
AMOUNT OF BOND TO RETAIN AT PHASE I RELEASE
Remaining Structure Removal Costs $
Remaining Earthmoving Costs $
Remaining Revegetation Costs $
Remaining Other Reclamation Activities Costs $
Remaining Total Direct Costs $
(sum of Lines 1 through 4)
Remaining Inflated Total Direct Costs $
(Line 5 x inflation factor *)
Mobilization! Demobilization (_% of Line 6) $
(1% to 10% of Line 6)
Contingencies ( % of Line 6) $
(3% to 5% of Line 6)
Engineering Redesign Fee ( __ % of Line 6) $
(2.5% to 6% of Line 6)
Contractor Profit and Overhead (_% of Line 6) $
(see Graph 1)
Project Management Fee ( __ % of Line 6)
$
(see Graph 2)
Total Indirect Costs $
(sum of Lines 7 through 11)
AMOUNT OF BOND TO RETAIN AFTER PHASE I RELEASE $
(sum of Lines 6 and 12)
Inflation factor = ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr = ____ _
ENR CCI for mo/yr x years prior to current mo/yr
Identify current month/year used in formula above: ___ _
Identify prior month/year used in formula above:
=----
ENR = Engineering News Record, McGraw-Hili Construction Information Group, New York, NY; http://www.enr.com.
x years = minimum revegetation responsibility period for site.
A-21 04/05/00
14.
15.
16.
17.
Project: ________ _
Date:
Prepared by: ---------
WORKSHEET 17 (continued)
SUMMARY SHEET FOR DETERMINING
AMOUNT OF BOND TO RETAIN AT PHASE I RELEASE
Al1'Iount of Bond Required at Time of Application for Release $
(original bond amount as modified by any adjustments)
Minimum Amount of Bond That Must Be Retained by Law ** $
(0.4 x Line 14)
AMOUNT OF BOND TO RETAIN AFTER PHASE I RELEASE $
(enter Line 13 or Line 15, whichever is greater)
PHASE I RELEASE AMOUNT $
(subtract Line 16 from Line 14)
** Section 519(c)(1) of SMCRA limits Phase I bond release to no more than 60 percent of the amount of bond posted for the
site. Therefore, we must retain at least 40 percent of the amount of bond required under 30 CFR 800.14, as modified by
any adjustments under 30 CFR 800.15.
A-22 04/05/00
----------- -- --- ---------- ----------------------
Project: _________ _
Date: _________ _
Prepared by: _________ _
WORKSHEET 18
SUMMARY SHEET FOR DETERMINING
AMOUNT OF BOND TO RETAIN AT PHASE II RELEASE
1. Remaining Revegetation Costs $ ______ _
2. Remaining Other Reclamation Activities Costs $ ______ _
3. Remaining Total Direct Costs $ ______ _
(sum of Lines 1 and 2)
4. Remaining Inflated Tota/ Direct Costs $, ______ _
(Line 3 x inflation factor *)
5. Mobilizationl Demobilization ( __ of Line 4) $. _____ _
6.
7.
(1% to 10% of Line 4)
Contingencies ( % of Line 4)
(3% to 5% of Line 4)
Engineering Redesign Fee (_. _% of Line 4)
(2.5% to 6% of Line 4)
$._-----
$._-----
8. Contractor Profit and Overhead (_% of Line 4) $ ______ _
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
*
(see Graph 1)
Project Management Fee ( __ % of Line 4)
(see Graph 2)
Tota/lndirect Costs
(sum of Lines 5 through 9)
$._-----
AMOUNT OF BOND TO RETAIN AFTER PHASE II RELEASE
(sum of Lines 4 and 10)
Amount of Bond Remaining After Phase I Release
PHASE II RELEASE AMOUNT
(subtract Line 11 from Line 12)
$._-----
$_-----
$_-----
$_-----
Innation factor = ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr = _____ = ___ _
ENR CCI for mo/yr x years prior to current mo/yr
Identify current month/year used in formula above: ___ _
Identify prior month/year used in formula above:
ENR = Engineering News Record, McGraw-Hili Construction Information Group, New York, NY; http://www.enr.com.
x years = minimum revegetation responsibility period for site.
Note: Attach a separate sheet describing and documenting costs associated with any special or unusual conditions (such
as prime farmland restoration) not already discussed on one of the other worksheets.
A-23 04/05/00
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ - - - - - ~ ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
APPENDIX 8
EXAMPLES
The examples do not represent active operations today. They are presented to
show the application of the Handbook methodology to various types of
operations.
04/05/00
------- - - - ----------_. ----------------------------
BOND AMOUNT COMPUTATION
Applicant: Underground Example
Permit Number: Example No.1 Permitted _____ _
Bonding Scheme (permit area, incremental, cumulative): permit area
If Incremental:
Increment Number:
Increment Acreage:
If Cumulative:
Acres previously authorized for disturbance:
New acres proposed for disturbance:
Type of Operation: Underground
Location: USA
Prepared by: R. R. Bond
Date: December 2, 1999
Total Bond Amount: $ 904,000
81 - 1
WORKSHEET 1
Project:
Date:
Prepared by: ----'R..:.:."'-"R"c..::B<.:::;o:..:.:nd=---____ _
DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO
The worst-case situation for forfeiture would be after all the improvements have been built. This
would require the third-party contractor the greatest time and dollars to reclaim.
The mine plan outlines the proposed development sequence for the underground operation,
starting with the installation of a sedimentation pond near the lower boundary of the site.
Following the installation of the sediment pond, the applicant plans to install all the site culverts,
diversion ditches, roads, benches, and topsoil stockpiles. Next, the applicant proposes to install
the coal processing equipment. Concurrently, the operator plans to start three underground
entries for the manway, materials/conveyor, and ventilation. Each entry will receive corrugated
arches for about 50 feet into the mountainside. In addition, a series of highwalls must be
constructed to form benches due to the steep slopes of the mountain in this area. These
manmade benches provide the needed work space to access the mine.
Most of these improvements are required for the life of the coal mine. An administration/change
facility and a shop/warehouse facility will be constructed during the first 3 years of operations.
During the construction period, portable units will house these early facilities.
The following discussion will present the tasks needed to be performed for returning the mine
site to the original premining condition. (See Figures B-1 through B-3 at end of worksheets.)
1. Structure Demolition
When returning the site to the postmining land use, most surface mine-related structures
and facilities will be removed. This includes all buildings and other manmade items not
identified for postmining land use.
Buildings and Facilities
a. A two-story administration building, sized 60'x60'x18', will be constructed of
concrete block on a poured thin, reinforced concrete slab floor. The second floor
will be of plywood floor over wood floor joists. The cost of demolition includes
the cost of removing the thin slab.
b. One shop building, sized 60'x120'x18', will be constructed of insulated sheet
metal, high enough to accommodate the mine and haul equipment. The 6-inch
thick concrete floor is designed of 4,000 psi concrete, reinforced with No.5 rebar
@ 12 inches o.c., e.w. Two reinforced concrete aprons of 60'x50'x6" thick are
planned at each end of the building. The demolition size will be: building-
60'x120'x18'; floor - 60'x220'x6" thick.
c. Two explosive magazines are planned. These steel MSHA-approved buildings will
be set on a thin concrete slab and must be removed to meet the postmining land
use. Two steel buildings: 1 O'x1 O'x8' high. The demolition cost includes removal
of the slab.
B1 - 2
Project: __
Date: 12102199
Prepared by:
WORKSHEET 1 (continued)
DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO
d. Four structures are included for coal primary and secondary processing, storage,
and loadout. Each of these structures will be connected with a conveyor belt. This
system transmits the coal from the mine to the loadout structure some 1300 feet from
the mine mouth. The items that need to be removed are:
300' conveyor belt from the mine to the primary processing structure
Primary processing structure = 3S'x40'x60' high
4S0' conveyor belt from primary processing structure to the stacker
Stacker = is' diameter x 90'
is' diameter x 100'
290' conveyor from the stacker to the secondary-processing structure
Secondary-processing structure = 30'x3S'x40' high
230' conveyor belt from the secondary-processing structure to the loadout
structure
Loadout structure = 20'x20'x60' high
e. The applicant proposes a 2.3-mile powerline to a substation within the mine site.
The primary entry lines consist of four wires sized 2/0 and attached to overhead
poles spaced at 250 feet.
f. The water supply includes a 20'x30'xS' treatment building constructed of insulated
sheet metal on a thin, reinforced concrete slab. The cost of demolition includes the
cost of removing the thin slab.
g. The applicant proposes three corrugated metal pipe (CMP) culverts sized to handle
the on-site drainage. The various riprap sections can remain as channel protection.
The on-site culverts to be removed will be:
IS" cmp - I 32 LF
4S" cmp - 307 LF
S4" cmp - 3029 LF
2. Earthmoving Activities
During the mine development, the applicant plans to create several benches on the
mountainside to create work platforms. Each of these benches will be eliminated when
returning the site to the approximate original contour (AOC). Much of the earthwork
associated with bench elimination will be by scrapers and bulldozers to create pre-mining
slopes. In addition, the bench/stockpile areas, the sedimentation pond, and the diversion-
ditch area must be backfilled and graded prior to topsoiling and revegetation. The attached
81 - 3
Project: ---';U::,:nd==e::-:r9=-:ro::-=u::,.:.:nd:..;Ex=am.:.:lP""le::....-__
Date: ____ _
Prepared by: ----'Rc.:..: . .:....:.R.:....:B=o.:..:..:nd=---____ _
WORKSHEET 1 (continued)
DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO
mine plan map shows the contours and cross-sections that give the
various locations and grades of the proposed development. The earthwork activities will
include backfilling and grading the site and preparing the site (ripping) for topsoil
placement.
The dugout sedimentation pond includes all appurtenances necessary to make the pond
function. The excavated materials will be stockpiled nearby. Removal of all piping and
riprap will be necessary prior to backfilling and grading. Most appurtenances can be bull
dozed into the pit and covered with backfill. The sediment pond is less than 20 acre feet in
volume and less than 20 feet deep. The sediment pond area covers about I acre in size
(32,300 cubic yards).
The applicant plans to rebuild 2 miles of old logging road and about 0.5 miles on the mine
site. The half-mile onsite road will be eliminated with the backfilling and grading portion on
the reclamation. The mine plan states that 20 percent swell can be expected on the earth
material.
3. Topsoil Replacement
The topsoil stockpile is located about 500 feet below the sediment pond. The mine plan
requires 6 inches of topsoil removed and stockpiled before mine development could begin.
The topsoil stockpile will be adequate to return a depth of 6 inches to the mine area. Topsoil
volume is 16,133 cubic yards.
4. Revegetation
The entire area will need seedbed preparation, fertilization, seeding, and mulching. Because
of the short growing season, the contractor will only have a few months per year when
revegetation has a chance to survive. Local experience indicates a 50 percent failure on the
revegetation due to this short growing season.
5. Other Reclamation Activities
Three underground entries need to be closed. Each entry has a corrugated arch support
that extends about 50 feet into the mine. The ventilation access measures 10 feet in
diameter, the material access is 12 feet in diameter, and the manway access is 25 feet on
diameter. A masonry wall will be erected to seal the entries prior to the covering with
backfill materials.
NOTE: Worksheets 8, 9, 10, 11A, 17 and 18 are not applicable to this example.
Data Source(s): Mine plan.
81 - 4
WORKSHEET 2A
Project: __
Date:
Prepared by: _:....:.R.:.:..;R"-. :.;Bo:..:.n:.:d_____ _
STRUCTURE DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL COSTS
Structures to be demolished:
Item Construction Volume Unit Cost Demolition
Material (cubic feet) Basis ($) Cost ($)
1. Admin. Building Masonry Block 64,800 0.18" 11,664
2. Shop Building Metal 129,600 0.18" 23,328
3. Explosives Magazine Metal 1,600 0.18" 288
4. Water System Bldg. Metal 4,800 0.18" 864
5. Primary Processing Metal 84,000 0.18" 15,120
Subtotal $51,264
Other items to be demolished (paved roads, conveyors, utility poles, rail spurs, etc.):
Item Construction Material Volume
1. Conveyor system'" Metal 1,300 LF
2. Power line ...... , 2.3 mi 4-wire 48,576 LF
3. Power poles ...... , 50 Wood 50
4. Shop slab Reinforced Concrete 13,200 SF
I
Debris Handling and Disposal Costs:
.. Demolition includes disposal with up to 20 mi. haul.
... Cost breakdown: Removal of belt cover and pan =
Belt removal =
Idler pUlly removal =
Tower and concrete removal and site grading =
Total conveyor removal costs =
Unit Cost
Basis ($)
38/LF
3/LF
250/ea
7.60/SF*
Subtotal
I
$19.30/LF
$10.93/LF
$ 3.19/LF
$ 4.58/LF
$38.00/LF
Demolition
Cost ($)
49,400
145,728
12,500
100,320
$307,948
••• Personal communication, 1985, David Radesevich, Electrical Engineer, Western Power Administrator,
P.O. Box 3403, Golden, CO 80401.
Continued on next page
81 - 5
I
Project: __
Date: 12102199
Prepared by: ----:R2!."2R.===a::::o:....nd-;-------
WORKSHEET 2B
STRUCTURE DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL COSTS
Structures to be demolished:
Item Construction Volume Unit Cost Demolition
Material (cubic feet) Basis ($/ct) Cost ($)
1. Secondary Processing Metal 42,000 0.18* 7,560
2. Stacker Concrete 33,575 0.26* 8,730
3. Load Out Metal 24,000 0.18* 4,320
I
Subtotal
I
$20,610
I
Other items to be demolished (paved roads. conveyors, utility poles. rail spurs. etc.):
Item Construction Volume Unit Cost Demolition
Material Basis ($) Cost ($)
1. 18" Culvert*· Metal 132 LF 2.50/LF* 330
2. 48" Culvert** Metal 307 LF 2.50/LF* 768
3. 84" Culvert** Metal 3,029 LF 2.50/LF* 7,573
I
Subtotal
I
$8,671
I
Debris Handling and Disposal Costs:
* Demolition includes disposal with up to a 20 miles haul.
** Cost breakdown from Mine Plan.
TOTAL DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL (from Worksheets 2A and 2B) = $ 388,493
Data Source(s): Means Site Work and Landscape Cost Data, 1998; Mine plan.
81 - 6
Project: Underground Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared by: R.R. Bond
WORKSHEET 3
MATERIAL HANDLING PLAN SUMMARY
Earthmoving Activity Volume Origin Destination Haul Grade * Equipment
(LeY) Distance (tt) (%) To Be Used
627F scraper with D8N
1. Site Grading** 41,110 Benches General Contouring 500 average 10 push tractor
2. Site Grading** 20,555 Benches General Contouring 500 average 8 D9R-SU dozer
627F scraper with D8N
3. Sedimentation Pond** 25,814 Embankment Pond Area 500 average 10 push tractor
4. Sedimentation Pond** 12,907 Embankment Pond Area 500 average 8 D9R-SU dozer
627F scraper with D8N
5. Topsoil 16,133 Stockpile Disturbed Area 1,100 10 push tractor
D7R-SU dozer with 3-
6. Ripping 64,533 Disturbed Area shank ripper
7. Haul Road Maintenance Disturbed Area 14G grader
* Record grade resistance here. (% grade)
** Scraper and Dozer (D9R-SU) work concurrently.
81 - 7
DISTANCE
CROSS- BETWEEN
SECTIONI STATIONS
STATION (ft)
0
400
BID
450
C/D
400
DID
250
Boundary
TOTALS
WORKSHEET 4A
EARTHWORK QUANTITY
END AREA VOLUME
(ft2) (yd
3
)*
0
7,777
1,050
20,833
1,450
18,148
1,000
4,630
0
51,388
* Volume is BCY or LCY as appropriate.
Project: __
Date: --=:1?:21=-=02l:::::9:.::.9--:-____ _
Prepared by: ---=.R=.Rc.:..: . .=B=on=d ____ _
ADJUST- ADJUSTED
MENT VOLUME
FACTOR (LCY)
(%)**
20 9,332
20 25,000
20 21,778
20 5,556
61,666
** Select adjustment factor based on the state of material being moved.
Data Source(s): Mine plan.
81 - 8
Project: Underground Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared by: ____ _
Site Grading
WORKSHEET 4B
EARTHWORK QUANTITY
Bench Cut Earthwork Volume = 61,666 LCY (see Worksheet 4A)
Estimate 1/3
rd
moved by scraper and the remainder by dozer:
Scraper Volume = 2/3 X 61,666 LCY = 41,111 LCY
Dozer Volume = 61,666 LCY - 41,111 LCY = 20,555 LCY
Sediment Pond Regrade
Embankment Cut Volume = 32,267 BCY (from mine plan)
Swell = 20%
Earthwork Volume = 32,267 BCY X 1.2 = 38,720 LCY
Estimate 1/3
rd
moved by scraper and the remainder by dozer:
Scraper Volume = 213 X 38,720 LCY = 25,814 LCY
Dozer Volume = 38,720 LCY - 25,814 LCY = 12,906 LCY
Topsoil Replacement
Cover depth for 20 ac. disturbed area = 0.5 ft. (from mine plan)
Earthwork Volume = (20 ac. X 43560 SF lac. X 0.5 ft) 127 CY/CF = 16,133 LCY
Ripping
Ripping depth for 20 ac. disturbed area = 2.0 ft. (from mine plan)
Volume = (20 ac. X 43560 SF lac. X 2 ft) I 27 CY/CF = 64,533 BCY
Data Source(s): Mine plan.
81 - 9
Project: Underground Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared by: _____ _
WORKSHEET 5A
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
1) Backfill and rough grade sediment pond; 2) rough grade bench site.
NOTE: Since these two tasks have similar characteristics in push distance and grade, the
yardage are combined and the total hours required determined. Site located 8000 feet
above sea level.
TOTAL YARDAGE = 20,555 CY + 12,906 CY (from Worksheet 48)
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D9R dozer with "Semi-U or SU" Blade = 250 cy/hr.
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material, etc.):
500 LF push distance at 10% effective grade; some material is blasted rock; however, the
majority is assumed to be average.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = .75 X .95 X .83 X .85
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
2,550
X 2
1
500 X 1.0 X 1.0 X 1.0
=
.51
weight production visibility elevation
correction method/blade factor factor
factor factor
Net Hourly Production = _--'2=.;5::..:0:....-___ LCV/hr X __ .:..;:5;...:1-:-:--_:-:---:----:- = 128
normal hourly operating adjustment
LCV/hr
production factor
Hours Required = 33,462 LCV + 128 LCV/hr = 261 hr

volume to be moved net hourly
production
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 28.
81 - 10
--------------------
Project:
Date: ---'1==21:::0:=21:.;:9,=.9--;-_____ _
Prepared by: _R:..,:..:.:...R:..:.. . .::.Bo=..:n.:..::d:....-____ _
WORKSHEET 5B
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Push tractor to assist loading scrapers.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D8N dozer with a "SU" Blade.
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material, etc.):
Scrapers loaded with Back-track Loading Method; equipment working @ 8000 feet, msl.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = X ____ X X ____ _
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
X _--:--:-__ X __ :---:--__ X --:-:-:--=:--_ X -:----:-:-__ = ____ _
weight production visibility elevation
correction method/blade factor factor
factor factor
Net Hourly Production = _______ LCV/hr X ________ _ = _____ LCV/hr
normal hourly operating adjustment
production factor
HoursRequired = ____ ----' ___ LCV + _______ LCV/hr = _---=.1..:.1-=.6* __ hr
volume to be moved net hourly
production
*See Worksheets 118-1 and 118-2. (86 hr+ 30 hr= 116 hr)
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 28.
81 - 11
Project: Underground Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared by: R.R. Bond
WORKSHEET 6
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE-GRADING
Earthmoving Activity:
Final (contour) grading.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D6R wi an ii-foot wide "Straight or S"-blade.
Description of Dozer Use (% grade, effective blade width, operating speed, etc.):
Operates along contour at 0% average grade, 8,000-foot elevation.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = _.:..:.7c..::5:....-__ X 1.0 X _--= . .:.83=--__ X 1.0
X 1.0
weight
correction
factor
operator material
factor factor
X 1.0
production
method/blade
factor
X 1.0
visibility
factor
efficiency grade
factor factor
X 1.0
elevation
factor
= .62
Hourly Production = --....::3:.,: . .:0 ___ mi/hr X __ 1.!.,.1.!...-___ ft X 5,280 ftlmi X 1 ac/43,560 ftz
average effective blade
speed width
=
_....;4:..:..0=--__ aclhr
Net Hourly Production
=
4.0 ac/hr X .62
=
2.5 ac/hr
hourly operating adjustment
production factor
Hours Required
=
20 ac ... 2.5 aclhr
=
8.0 hr
area to be graded net hourly
production
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 28.
81 - 12
Project: __ _
Date: _____ _
Prepared by: _!.!R:.!:.R!..:... ____ _
WORKSHEET 7
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR RIPPER-EQUIPPED DOZER USE
RiDDina Activity: This unit will be used for ripping the site prior to topsoil placement as well
as additional miscellaneous site maintenance activities for the life of the reclamation contract.
The ripping activity will involve 20 acres.
Characterization of Dozer and Ripper Use:
D7R w/ SU blade and 3-shank adjustable parallelogram ripper; ripper has a 39 inch (3.2S-foot)
pocket spacing
Description of Ripping (ripping depth, cut spacing, cut length, and material to be ripped):
Ripping depth = 2 feet
Ripping effective width = 3.25 feet X 3 = 9.75 feet
Productivity Calculation:
Cycle Time = ( 1,000
cut length
ft + 88 ttlmin) + _--=.0.:..;:.3=--___ min = _-"1-"1..:..;.6"-'6=--__ min/pass
[speed] fixed turn time •
Passes/Hour = 60 min/hr'" 11.66
cycle time
min/pass X __ _ = __ 4":"':..:2:..:.7__ passes/hr
Volume Cut/Pass =
efficiency
factor
__ ft X ----=9:..:..:.7:....:5'---_ ft X 1,000
tool penetration cut spacing cut length
= __ __ BCY/pass
Hourly Production = __ .:..7:22:.:.:2=-_ BCY/pass X _...:.4.:.:.2:..:7 ___ passeslhr = 3,083.8 BCY/hr ••
Hours Required = _--,6::...;4:..z.;,S:..;:3:..:3,--_ BCY +
bank volume
_-=3'1..:.°.::;.;83= . .=..8___ BCY/hr = 20.9 hr
hourly Use 231 hours···
to be ripped production
Fixed turn time depends upon dozer used. 0.25 minlturn is normal.
Remember to use the swell factor to convert from bank cubic yards to loose cubic yards when applying these data to
Worksheet 5. Calculate separate dozer hauling of ripped material for each lift on that worksheet.
The D7R bulldozer is to be for miscellaneous tasks during the life of the project (see Worksheet 13).
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 28.
81 - 13
Project:
Date: 12102199
Prepared by: ------
WORKSHEET 11 B-1
PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE
Earthmoving Activity: 1) Backfill and grade benches and 2) backfill sediment pond.
NOTE: Since these two tasks have similar grade and haul distances, the yardage can be added
together and hours required determined. Total yardage = 41,111 cy + 25,814 cy (from
Worksheet 4B). Site located 8,000 feet above sea level.
Characterization of Scraper Used (type. capacity. etc.):
Cat 627F Non-push pull 14 cy (struck) + 20 cy (heaped) = 17 cy avg. capacity
Description of Scraper Route:
500' haul @ 10% effective grade; 500' return @ (-)4% effective grade
List Pusher Tractor(s) Used: D8N dozer will assist the scraper in loading.
Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure): Back-track loading method with 1 push
tractor.
Scraper Productivity Calculations:
Cycle = .5 min + .55 min + .6 min + .3 min = 1.95 min
Time load time loaded maneuver and return trip
trip time spread time time
HourlyProduction = _1.:..;7=--__ LCV X 60min/hr + 1.95 min X _..:..:.7,-,,5,--_ = _3=..9::..:2=--_LCV/hr
capacity" cycle efficiency
time factor
Hours Required = -:---=6:..;:6.a.::.9:..::2::.5 ___ - LCV
volume to be handled
__ ....:::3:..::;9.:2___ Lcv/hr = __ __ hr
hourly production
* Use the average of the struck and capacities.
Push Tractor Productivity Calculations:
Pusher Cycle Time = __ .:..::5'--___ min X _1..:..;.",,5 ___ = _-=.:.7-=5'--__ min
scraper load time pusher factor
Scrapers/Pusher = 1.95 min + .75 min = 2.6 scrapers
scraper cycle time pusher cycle time (Use 2)
Pusher Hours Required = _---'1:....07-=1'--_ hr + __ -=2=--__ = hr
scraper hours scrapers per (round up)
pusher
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 28.
81 - 14
Project:
Date: -:1::=21:.,:0::::21;:::9:::,9--:-_____ _
Prepared by: _.:...:R.:..:..R:.;.. . .:B.:;on.:::d'--____ _
WORKSHEET 11 B-2
PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE
Earthmoving Activity: Haul and spread topsoil; 16,133 cy; (from Worksheet 48).
Characterization of Scraper Used (type. capacity. etc.): Cat 621F Non-push pull 14 cy (struck)
+ 20 cy (heaped) = 11 cy avg. capacity.
Description of Scraper Route: 1,100' haul @ 10% effective grade; 1,100' return @ (-)4%
effective grade, site is located 8,000 feet above sea level.
List Pusher Tractor(s) Used: D8N dozer will assist the scraper in loading.
Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure below): Back-track loading method with 1
push tractor.
Scraper Productivity Calculations:
Cycle
=
.5 min + 1.25 min + .6 min + .5 min = 2.85
Time load time loaded maneuver and return trip
trip time spread time time
Hourly Production
=
11 LCY X 60 min/hr + 2.85 min X .15
=
268
capacity * cycle efficiency
time factor
Hours Required = _---'-1.:.6.L..:1c.::3c::3 ___ LCY __ --'2=.;6::..::8'--__ LCY/hr = _-=6c=0 ___ hr
volume to be handled hourly production
* Use the average of the struck and heaped capacities.
Push Tractor Productivity Calculations:
Pusher Cycle Time = __ min X = _..: . .:..1.:.5 ___ min
scraper load time pusher factor
Scrapers/Pusher = __ --=2.:.;:.8:;.::5=---__ min + _--= . .:..1.:.5 ____ min = _.:.3.:.::.8=---_ scrapers
scraper cycle time pusher cycle time
Pusher Hours Required = __ -=6.=0:--__ hr
scraper hours
__ __ =
scrapers per (round up)
pusher
** Two scrapers used to match Worksheet 118-1.
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 28.
81 - 15
min
LCY/hr
Project:
Date: 12102199
Prepared by:
WORKSHEET 11 B (continued)
PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE
PUSHER FACTORS
SIngle T .. dem
Push Push
E I •• r::::::=::> ----,--
I
•••
I
---------------------_/
1.5 2.0
,

'--al I •• r--:->
A. Back Track Loading
aJ I--
U
-- I ••
I
I
I
1.3 1.5
\
•• t..;>
B. Chain Loading
•••• ---> --\---- •••
I
I
I
•• Ir.-j
1.3 1.5
C. Shl.Clle Loading
Modified from Terex,1981
Data Source(s): Illustration from "Production and Cost Estimating of Material Movement and
Earthmoving Equipment," TEREX AMERICAS, Tulsa, OK 74107, (918) 445-5802. See disclaimer
in Appendix A, Worksheet 118.
81 - 16
WORKSHEET 12
Project: __
Date:
Prepared by: ---,Rc.:.;".!..!R.:...;" B::.:o:.:..:n.:..d_____ _
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR MOTORGRADER USE
Earthmoving Activity: The motorgrader will be used for maintaining haul roads, to assist in
final grading prior to topSOil placement, final grading of topsoil prior to seeding, clean-up, and
maintenance work around the site. The motorgrader, along with the D7R bulldozer/ripper will
be used for the life of the reclamation contract (131 hours). This unit will be working at 8,000
feet, msl.
Characterization of Grader Used (type, size capacity, etc.): Caterpillar 14G, 215 horsepower,
equipped with EROPS and scarifier.
Description of Grader Route (push distance, grade, effective blade width, operating speed,
etc.):
Productivity Calculations:
Grading
Hourly Production = ______ mi/hr X _______ ft X 5,280 ftlmi X 1 acl43,560 ft2
average speed effective blade width
X __ = ____ ac/hr
efficiency factor
Hours Required = ac + ac/hr = hr
-----:-----:-- ---:----:---- -----
area to be graded hourly production
Scarification
Hourly Production = ______ mi/hr X ______ ft X 5,280 ftImi x 1 acJ43,560 ft2
average speed scarifier width
X ____ ---- =
efficiency factor
_____ ac/hr
Hours Required
=
ac + ac/hr
=
_____ hr
area to be scarified hourly production
Total Hours Required
Total Hours = +
=
231* _-=='-'-____ hr
grading hours required scarification hours required
* Motorgrader is to be used for the project life of the reclamation contract (see Worksheet 13).
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 28.
81 -17
I
Project:
Date:
Prepared by: ---=R"'""-.:...:;R.:....:B=o:..:..:nd=--____ _
WORKSHEET 13
SUMMARY CALCULATION OF EARTHMOVING COSTS
Equipment * Ownership & Labor Cost Total Hours Total Cost ***
Operation ($/hr) Required ** ($)
Cost ($/hr)
627F Scraper 115.72 24.61 171+60 = 231 32,416
D8N-SU Push Tractor 80.54 24.61 116 12,197
D6R-S Dozer 45.79 24.61 8 563
D7R-SU Dozer 76.62 24.61 231 23,384
D9R-SU Dozer 113.22 24.61 261 35,974
14G Grader 59.20 24.61 231 19,360
6,000 gal Water Tanker 69.98 18.50 231 20,439
Grand Total
I
$144,333
I
* Include all necessary attachments and accessories for each item of equipment. Also, add
support equipment such as water wagons and graders to match total project time as appropriate.
(Total scraper time.)
** Account for multiple units in truck and/or scraper teams.
*** To compute Total Cost: Add Ownership & Operation Cost and Labor Cost columns then multiply
by Total Hours Required column.
Data Source(s): PRIMEDIA Information, Inc., Cost Reference Guide for Construction
Equipment.
81 - 18
WORKSHEET 14
REVEGETATION COSTS
Project: __ _
Date: ----..;1'=21:.::0=21=-9:::.9--:-_____ _
Prepared by: _!..!R.:..:..oR!.:..o.:B""on..:.:d=--____ _
Name and Description of Area To Be Revegetated: Total disturbed area = 20 acres.
Description of Revegetation Activities: The local NRCS office provided a cost of $425 per acre
for seeding, fertilizing, and mulching.
Cost Calculation for Individual Revegetation Activities:
Initial Seeding
20 ac X ($_-:-:--:--_----:-:--_o/ac + $ 425 lac) = $---=8..0..:,5;...::0,-=-0 __ _
area to be seeded seedbed preparation seeding, fertilizing
& mulching
Planting Trees and Shrubs
_______ ac X ($ ______ o/ac + = $ _____ _
area to be planted planting herbicide
treatment
Reseeding
20 ac X .50 x ( $.... lac + S 425 lac) = S 4,250
area to be seeded failure rate* seedbed preparation seeding, fertilizing
& mulching
Replanting Trees and Shrubs
______ ac X X ($ ______ o/ac + = $ ___ _
area to be planted failure rate* planting herbicide
treatment
Other Necessary Revegetation Activities
(Examples of other activities that may be necessary include soil sampling, irrigation, and rill and gully repair. Describe
each activity and provide a cost estimate with documentation. Use additional worksheets if necessary.)
*
Other Costs = $ ___ _
TOTAL REVEGETATION COST = $....:1..::.2,L!.7=50"--__
A failure rate of 50 percent is assumed based on other reclamation in the area (see Worksheet 1).
Assuming that no seedbed preparation is needed for reseeding effort.
"" Cost included with earthmoving expense in initial seeding and not needed for reseeding.
Data Source(s): Mine plan; the local NRCS office.
81 -19
-----
Project: =Ex=a::,,:.m:.:;pl:,::.e__
Date: --:1'='21'=021==-'99;;.......,,-____ _
Prepared by: ---.:R..!.,:..:..:;R.:..:;B:.;:::o:..:::nd:....-____ _
WORKSHEET 15
OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS
(Subsidence damage repair costs, water supply replacement costs, funds required to support
long-term treatment of unanticipated acid or ferruginous mine drainage, etc.)
Description of Reclamation, Repair or Pollution Abatement Activity:
Sealing three mine entries: ventilation, manway, and material. The sealing will be as follows:
1) each entryway will be pneumatically filled for 50 feet and 2) a masonry wall will be installed
at the entrance.
Assumptions:
1. Ventilation
2. Manway
3. Materials
Cost Estimate Calculations:
Pneumatically filled materials
Masonry walls
Other Documentation or Notes:
Backfill
1,964
12,272
2,827
17,063 CF
Masonry Wall
39
245
57
341 SF
17,063 CF X $1.11/CF = $ 18,940
341 SF X $4.36/SF = $ 1,487
TOTAL = $ 20,427
(Include additional sheets, maps, calculations, etc., as necessary to document estimate.)
Data Source(s): Local AML contract figures.
81 -20
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Project:
Date:
Prepared by: ----'R..:..:..!..,!;R.:....::B:.,::o!.!.:nd'__ ____ _
WORKSHEET 16
RECLAMATION BOND SUMMARY SHEET
Total Facility and Structure Removal Costs $ 388,157
Total Earthmoving Costs $ 144,333
Total Revegetation Costs $ 12,750
Total Other Reclamation Activities Costs $ 20,427
Total Direct Costs $ 565.667
(sum of Lines 1 through 4)
Inflated Total Direct Costs $ 629.022
(Line 5 x inflation factor *)
Mobilization/Demobilization (...L% of Line 6) $ 31.451
(1 % to 10% of Line 6)
Contingencies (_5_% of Line 6) $ 31.451
(3% to 5% of Line 6)
Engineering Redesign Fee (...L % of Line 6) $ 31.451
(2.5% to 6% of Line 6)
Contractor Profit! Overhead (24 % of Line 6)$ 150.965
(see Graph 1)
Project Management Fee (4.7 % of Line 6) $ 29.564
(see Graph 2)
Total Indirect Costs $ 274.882
(sum of Lines 7 through 11)
GRAND TOTAL BOND AMOUNT $ 903.904
(sum of Lines 6 and 12) (round to $ 904,000)
* Inflation factor = ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr = 6008 = 1.112
ENR CCI for mo/yr 5 years prior to current mo/yr 5405
Identify MonthNear used in formula above: current __
prior __
ENR = Englneerfng News Record, McGraw-Hili Construction Information Group, New York, NY; http://www.enr.com.
Formula assumes permit term or time until next bond adequacy evaluation is 5 years. Adjust time frame as
necessary.
B1 - 21
(
/
\
I Figure B-1 I
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'.
'-

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....
I
.I
v
:}
<'I
-"
Fieure B- 2
7700

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noo
I
7
b
OO-j-
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SECTION
--

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'?I
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----
o
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1 Figure B- 3 1
~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ - - - - - - - - ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
BOND AMOUNT COMPUTATION
Applicallt: Area Mining - Dragline Example
Permit Number: Example No.2 Permitted Acreage: __ ...:.1..,:.1=5.:....:1 __
Bonding Scheme. (permit area, incremental, cumulative): permit area
If Incremental:
Increment Number:
Increment Acreage:
If Cumulative:
Acres previously authorized for disturbance:
New acres proposed for disturbance:
Type of Operation: Area-type surface (dragline)
Location: U.S.A.
Prepared by: K.G.Bond
Date: 01/05/00
Total Bond Amount: $ 961,000
82 - 1
Project: Area MiningiDragline Example
Date: -.,.0;;...:1;;...;;/0""5/..;:.00"-:-_____ _
Prepared by: B""o:!!;nd::....-____ _
WORKSHEET 1
DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO
The reclamation and operation plans outline the following mining sequence for this dragline
operation. (See Figure 8-4 at end of worksheets.) Mining begins at the southern end of the
property in non-prime farmland soils and progresses northward. The 6 inches of existing topsoil
and the opening box-cut material will be stockpiled separately near the southern end of the
permit boundary and outside the 120' buffer zone of the adjacent creek that runs along the south
and east sides of the permit boundary. In addition, the operations plan identifies 71 acres of
prime farmland for which 48 inches of prime farmland soils must be salvaged. The mine is
located in Crawford County, Kansas. The worst-case situation will occur when there is:
1. The greatest disturbance of prime farmland,
2. The largest pit, and
3. The greatest exposure of non-vegetated land.
From inspection, the worst case was determined as occurring about midway through the mining
operation when one of the longest pits is through prime farmland, four spoil ridges exist behind
the open pit, and no revegetation has been initiated (see sketch on following page). Assuming
this worst-case situation, the following reclamation tasks should be completed.
1. Structure Demolition
There are no facilities. One haul road and five ponds are to remain as part of the
approved post mining land use.
2. Earthmoving Activities
One pit will be open at the time of forfeiture that will need to be backfilled and rough
graded. The accompanying cross-section indicates about a 40-foot depth for the open
pit. The mine plan indicates that the highwall will maintain a 1/4 h : 1 v slope and the
spoil ridge side will maintain a slope of 1-1/2 h:1v (see sketch). It is assumed that four
spoil ridges exist behind the open pit, which must be rough graded before rough
backfilling and grading of the pit can begin. Once rough grading is accomplished, the
whole area will be ripped prior to final grading and topsoil placement.
3. Topsoil Replacement
It is assumed that the next pit to be mined has had all topsoil stripped. All areas behind
the open pit from the start of mining need topsoil replaced plus revegetation. The prime
farmland areas will receive 48 inches of topsoil and subsoil and the non-prime land areas
will receive 6 inches of topsoil. These areas will be final graded once the topsoil is
placed.
4. Revegetation
The revegetation worst case would be if mining started in the fall of the year, as
scheduled, with no revegetation having yet occurred within the permit. Therefore, the
entire disturbed area of 40.5 acres will need seedbed preparation, fertilization, seeding,
and mulching.
B2 - 2
Project: Area MininglDragline Example
Date: 01105100
Prepared by: K. G. Bond
WORKSHEET 1 (continued)
DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO
Sketch of Operations
or ,19 I nel ground
'T-----r------:
I I
\ fl. I I
\, 65 I
L._-,-.
pJt width
pelf
pit depth
80'
2916'
. 40'
BO'
3150'
40'
eo'
3267'
40'
80'
33a4'
40'
fourspollrldge$
BO'
3501 '
40'
NOTE: WORKSHEETS 2, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11A, 15, 17 and 18 are not applicable to this example.
Data Sources: Operation and reclamation plans in the approved permit.
82 - 3
Project: Area MininWDragline Example
Date: 01/05/00
Prepared by: K. G. Bond
WORKSHEET 3
MATERIAL HANDLING PLAN SUMMARY
Earthmoving Activity Volume Origin Destination Haul Grade • Equipment
(LeY) Distance (tt) (%) To Be Used
637E scraper with
1. Backfilling and Grading 568,836 Box cut Excess Spoil Area 1,900 ave 4 D9R push tractor*·
2. Rough Grading 132,922 Spoil Ridges Spoil Ridge Area 100 ave 3 D9R-SU dozer
637E scraper with
3. TopsoilJnon-prime) 15,972 Stockpile Disturbed Area 1,000 ave 4 D9R push tractor*·
637E scraper with
4. Subsoil (prime) 116,886 Stockpile Disturbed Area 1,000 ave 4 D9R push tractor*·
637E scraper with
5. Topsoil (prime) 16,698 Stockpile Disturbed Area 1,000 ave 4 DR9 push tractor*·
D7R-SU dozer with
6. Ripping 131,003 Disturbed Area Disturbed Area 0 3-shank ripper
7. Scarification 40.5 ac Disturbed Area Disturbed Area 0 14H grader
8. Final Grading 40.5 ac Disturbed Area Disturbed Area 0 14H grader
• Record grade resistance (Ufo grade) here •
• * Scraper and dozer work concurrently
82 - 4
Cross-Sectionl Distance
Station Between
Stations
(ft)
east end of pit
2,916
west end of pit
TOTALS
Project: Area MininWJ?ragiine Example
Date: _____ _
Prepared by: ____ _
WORKSHEET 4A
EARTHWORK QUANTITY
End Area Volume
(ft2) (yd
3
)*
4,580
494,640
4,580
494,640
Adjust- Adjusted
ment Volume
Factor * (LCY)
(%)
15 568,836
568,836
* Select adjustment factor based on the state of the material to be moved.
Data Source(s): Mine plan.
82 - 5
: - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ ~ - ~ - - - - ~ ~
Project: Area MininglDragiine Example
Date: 01105100
Prepared by: K. G. Bond
Pit Backfill Volume
End Area of Pit
1. 0.5 x 10' x 40' =
2. 80' x 40' =
3. 0.5 x 40' x 59' =
=
S ~ o i l Ridge Volume
~ =
A2
~ =
1/4 total pile
~ =
1/4(1/2)(b)(h)
h
=
1/2 (tan 6)(b)
~ =
1/16 (tar 6)(b)2
6
=
34° (given 1-1/2:1
b
=
80'
WORKSHEET 4B
EARTHWORK QUANTITY
200 ft2
3,200 ft2
1,180 ft2
4,580 ft2
slope)
~ =
269.8 ft2 (area is per lineal foot of pit length)
Therefore:
Ridge 4: 269.8 ft
2
/1inear foot x 3,150 feet long + 27 ft
3
/CY =
Ridge 3: 269.8 ft
2
/1inear foot x 3,267 feet long + 27 ft
3
/CY =
Ridge 2: 269.8 ft
2
/linear foot x 3,384 feet long + 27 ft
3
/CY =
Ridge 1: 269.8 ft
2
/linear foot x 3,501 feet long + 27 ft
3
/CY =
e
82 -6
31,477
32,646
33,815
34,984
132,922 CCY
Project: Area MiningiDragline Example
Date: 01/05100
Prepared by: K. G. Bond
WORKSHEET 4B (continued)
EARTHWORK QUANTITY
Volume of Material to be Ripped
40.6 acres x 43,560 ft
2
/acre x 2 ft deep + 27 telCY = 131,003 BCY
Topsoil Volume
Non-prime Farmland
19.8 acres to receive 6 inches of topsoil
19.8 acres X 43560 ft2 X 0.5 ft + 27 ft3 = 15,972 CY
acre 1 CY
Prime Farmland
20.7 acres to receive 48" of topsoil and subsoil
Topsoil:
20.7 acres X 43560 ft2 X 0.5 ft + 27 ft3 = 16,698 CY
acre 1 CY
Subsoil:
20.7 acres X 43560 ft2 X 3.5 ft + 27 ft3 = 116,886 CY
acre 1 CY
Data Source(s): Mine plan.
82 -7
Project: Area Mining'Dragline Example
Date: 01105100
Prepared by: K. G. Bond
WORKSHEET 5A
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Spoil ridge reduction.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D9R dozer with "Semi-U or SU" Blade.
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material, etc.):
Origin: in spoil ridge peak Destination: valley between spoil ridges
100 ft. push at a + 3% effective grade; material is a mixture of earth and blasted limestone and
shale rock.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = .75 X .80 X .83 X .95
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
X .932 X 1.0 X 1.0 X 1.0 = .441
weight production visibility elevation
correction method/blade factor factor
factor* factor
Net Hourly Production = __ ..:..1,..,,2:..::5;.::0__ Lcv/hr X __ ---'-'.44:....:....:1'-__ _ = 551.3 Lcv/hr
normal hourly operating adjustment
production factor
Hours Required = 132,922 LCV + 551.3 Lcv/hr = 241 hr

production
* Weight Correction Factor = 2,300 = 2,300 = 0.932
(2,700 + 2,600 + 2,100) + 3 2,466.7
(From Caterpillar Performance Handbook: Bulldozer production factors)
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
82 - 8
Project: Area MininglDragiine Example
Date: 0 \/05/00
Prepared by: K. G. Bond
WORKSHEET 5B
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Push tractor to assist loading scrapers.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D9R dozer with a "SU" Blade.
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material, etc.):
Scrapers loaded with back-track loading method.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor '" x x x _____ _
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
= X _--:--:-:-__ X __ : : - - ~ _ . X _ ~ ~ ~ _ X _ - - - : - _ ~ -
----
weight production visibility elevation
correction method/blade factor factor
factor factor
Net Hourly Production = ______ LCy/hr X ________ = ____ LCy/hr
Hours Required =
normal hourly operating adjustment
production factor
_________ LCy + _____ LCy/hr = 636*
volume to be moved net hourly
production
hr
* See Worksheet 13. Dozer assists scrapers for total project time of 636 hours.
Data Source's): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
B2 - 9
- -----------
Project: Area MininglDragiine Example
Date: _____ _
Prepared by: . ..::G::..... _____ _
WORKSHEET 7
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR RIPPER-EQUIPPED DOZER USE
Ripping Activity:
This unit will be used for ripping the 40.6 (approx. 1,330' x 1,330') acre site prior to topsoil and
subsoil placement.
Characterization of Dozer and Ripper Use:
D7R wI SU blade (Direct Steer) and 3-shank adjustable parallelogram ripper; ripper has a 39 inch
(3.25-foot) pocket spacing.
Description of Ripping (ripping depth, cut spacing, cut length, and material to be ripped):
Material to be ripped: Sandstone and Shale Ripping depth = 2 feet
Ripping effective width = 3.25 feet X 3 = 9.75 feet
Productivity Calculation:
Cycle Time = 1,330 ft + 88 ftlmin) + .25 min = ___ min/pass
cut length [speed] fixed turn time *
Passes/Hour = 60 min/hr + 15.36
cycle time
min/pass x _.:..:.8=3'---_ = _..:.3.:.:.2::...;4:....-___ passes/hr
efficiency
factor
Volume Cut/Pass = 2.0 ft x 9.75 ft X 1,330 ft) + 27 ft3/yd
3
tool penetration cut spacing cut length
= _-=9-=6..::;0:..:.6'--__ BCY/pass
Hourly Production = 960.6 BCY/pass X 3.24 passes/hr = 3,112.3 BCY/hr
Hours Required = 131,003 BCY + _---.:3:1.-', BCY/hr = __ --=4=2"-'.1=----__ hr
bank volume hourly
to be ripped ** production
* Fixed turn time depends upon dozer used. 0.25 minlturn is normal.
** Remember to use the swell factor to convert from bank cubic yards to loose cubic yards when applying these data to
Worksheet 5. Calculate separate dozer hauling of ripped material for each lift on that worksheet.
*** The 07R bulldozer is to be for miscellaneous tasks during the life of the project = 636 hours. (See Worksheet No 13)
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
82 -10
------- -------- ----
Project: Area MiningiDragIine Example
Date: 01105100
Prepared by: K. G. Bond
WORKSHEET 11 B-1
PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Backfill and grade final pit area.
Characterization of Scraper Used (type. capacity. etc.):
Cat 637E Non-push pull 21CY (struck) + 31 CY (heaped) = (21CY + 31CY)/2 = 26 CYavg capacity.
Description of Scraper Use (origin. destination. grade. haul distance. capacity. etc.):
1,900' haul @ 4% effective grade; 1,900' return @ 0% effective grade.
List Pusher Tractor(s) Used:
D9R dozer will assist the scraper in loading.
Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure following Worksheet 118-3):
Back-track loading method with a single push tractor.
Scraper Productivity Calculations:
Cycle Time = _...: . .:..6__ min +
load time
_.:..1 min +
loaded
trip time
__ min +
maneuver and
spread time
---,.:..:..7.:.5 __ min = 3.05
return trip
time
min
Hourly Production = _-=2::..;6=--_ LCV X 60 min/hr
capacity *
---=3;.:..:.0::..:5,--_ min X ---=.;.7:....:5:.....-_ = ----'3:..:8:..;::3.:..:.6'---_ Lcv/hr
Hours Required = __ ..:S..:6..:8.&:.8:..::3:..::6=--_ LCV +
volume to be handled
cycle efficiency
time factor
383.6 Lcv/hr =
---===---
_....:.1.1.-'.4:..;:80.:::3 ___ hr
hourly production
* Use the average of the struck and heaped capacities.
Push Tractor Productivity Calculations:
Pusher Cycle Time = __ min X
scraper load time
1.5 = _---=.::.9::..:0=--__ min
pusher factor
Scrapers/Pusher = ___ ;:.3.:..::0:..;:5'--__ min ... __ ...: • .:..9;:.0 ___ min = 3.39 scrapers
(use 3) scraper cycle time pusher cycle time
Pusher Hours Required = __ hr
scraper hours
3
scrapers per
pusher
= hr
(round up)
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
82 - 11
----------- ------------------------"----------
Project: Area MininglDrngline Example
Date: 01/05/00
Prepared by: K. G. Bond
WORKSHEET 11 B-2
PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Replacing 42" (3.5') of prime farmland, subsoils over 20.7 acres.
Characterization of Scraper Used (type. capacity. etc.):
Cat 637E Non-push pull 21CY (struck) + 31 CY (heaped) = (21CY + 31CY)/2 = 26 CY avg capacity.
Description of Scraper Use (origin. destination, grade, haul distance. capacity, etc.):
1,000' haul at 4% effective grade; 1,000' return at 0% effective grade.
List Pusher Tractor(s) Used:
D9R dozer will assist the scraper in loading.
Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure on next page):
Back-track loading method with a single push tractor.
Scraper Productivity Calculations:
Cycle Time = .6 min + .6 min + .6 min + .4 min = 2.2 min
load time loaded maneuver and return trip
trip time spread time time
Hourly Production = __ LCY x 60 min/hr + ---!2:.:.c::2 __ min X .75 = 531.8
capacity * cycle efficiency
time factor
Hours Required = 116,886 LCY + 531.8 LCY/hr = _.::2.::2.:.0 ___ hr
volume to be handled hourly production
* Use the average of the struck and heaped capacities.
Push Tractor Productivity Calculations:
Pusher Cycle Time = __ ..:.;.6=--____ min x __ __ = __ .......:. • .:.9 ___ min
scraper load time pusher factor
Scrapers/Pusher = 2.2 min + .9 min = 2.44
scraper cycle time pusher cycle time (use 2)
Pusher Hours Required = _--=2=2:..:0,":-__ hr + _-=2 ___ = __ 1!-1:....:0'--__ hr
scraper hours scrapers per (round up)
pusher
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
82 -12
scrapers
LCY/hr
Project: Area MininglDragline Example
Date: 01105100
Prepared by: K. G. Bond
WORKSHEET 11 B-3
PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Replacing 6" (0.5') of topsoil over 40.5 acres (19.8 acres on non-prime and 20.7 of prime
farmland).
Characterization of Scraper Used (type, capacity, etc.):
Cat 637E Non-push pull 21 CY (struck) + 31 CY (heaped) = (21 CY + 31 CY)/2 = 26 CY avg capacity.
Description of Scraper Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, capacity, etc.):
1,000' haul at 4% effective grade; 1,000' return at 0% effective grade.
List Pusher Tractor(s) Used:
D9R dozer will assist the scraper in loading.
Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure on next page):
Back-track loading method with a single push tractor.
Scraper Productivity Calculations:
Cycle Time = __ .:..::6:.....-_ min + ---..:..6=--_ min + _..:..6=-___ min + ---'-'.4'--__ min = ....:2:.:.:.:2'---_ min
load time loaded maneuver and return trip
trip time spread time time
Hourly Production = ___ LCY x 60 min/hr + 2.2
capacity * cycle
time
min x .75
efficiency
factor
= 531.8
Hours Required = 32,670 LCY + 531.8 LCY/hr = __ 6=-1.!...-___ hr
volume to be handled hourly production
* Use the average of the struck and heaped capacities.
Push Tractor Productivity Calculations:
Pusher Cycle Time = __ ..:.;.6=-:-_:-:-__ min x __ = __ __ min
scraper load time pusher factor
ScraperS/Pusher = 2.2 min + .9 min = 2.44 scrapers
scraper cycle time pusher cycle time (use 2)
Pusher Hours Required = 61 hr + 2
=
31 hr
scraper hours scrapers per (round up)
pusher
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
B2 -13
LCY/hr
Project: Area MininglDragline Example
Date: 01105/00
Prepared by: K. G. Bond
WORKSHEET 11 B (continued)
PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE
PUSHER FACTORS
SitgIe Tandem
Push Push
E ! •• r=:::> ____ ,_u i ••
I
I
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ 1.5 2.0 /
"
'--:Ei •• ' ~
A. Back Track LoacIng
aI ••• c:::=:::> 1------ I ••
I
I
I
1.3 1.5
\ ~ - - E i •• t...;'>
B. Chain Loading
• Ii •• _-_> u, ____ •••
I
I
I
~ •• IIJI:-j
1.3 1.5
C. Shtd& Loading
Modified from Terex,1981
Data Source(s): Illustration from "Production and Cost Estimating of Material Movement and
Earthmoving Equipment," TEREX AMERICAS, Tulsa, OK 74107, (918) 445-5802. See disclaimer in
Appendix A, Worksheet 118.
B2 -14
,----- -------- --- ------- ---
Project: Area Mining/DTagline Example
Date: -:--____ _
Prepared by: --=K",,-o..;;G,,-,oB;;:.;o:;:;:D.::..d_____ _
WORKSHEET 12
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR MOTORGRADER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
The motorgrader will be used for maintaining haul roads, for final grading prior to topsoil
placement, final grading of topsoil prior to seeding, clean-up, and maintenance work around the
site. The motorgrader, along with the D7R bulldozer/ripper will be used for the life of the
reclamation contract.
Characterization of Grader Used (type, size capacity, etc.):
Caterpillar 14H, 215 horsepower, equipped with EROPS and scarifier.
Description of Grader Route (push distance, grade, effective blade width, operating speed, etc.):
Productivity Calculations:
Grading
Hourly Production = ______ mi/hr X
average speed
ft X 5,280 ftlmi X 1 ac/43,560 ft2
effective blade width
X ______ = ____ ac/hr
efficiency factor
Hours Required =
________ K _______ ac/hr = _____ hr
area to be graded hourly production
Scarification
Hourly Production = ______ mi/hr X ft X 5,280 ftlmi x 1 aC/43,560 ft2
average speed scarifier width
x ______ =
_____ aclhr
efficiency factor
Hours Required =
_______ ac + ______ ac/hr = _____ hr
area to be scarified hourly production
Total Hours Required
Total Hours = __ ---::-----::--__ -:--:- + _-:-: _______ = _----"'60.:::3-=6* ___ hr
grading hours required scarification hours required
* Motorgrader is to be used for the life of the reclamation contract (see Worksheet 13) = 636
hours, including grading operations.
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 290
82 -15
Project: Area Mininw'Dragline Example
Date: 01/05/00
Prepared by: K. G. Bond
WORKSHEET 13
SUMMARY CALCULATION OF EARTHMOVING COSTS
Equipment * Ownership & Labor Cost Total Hours Total Cost ***
Operation Cost ($/hr) Required ** ($)
($/hr)
637E Scraper 173.84 8.05 (3 x 495) 270,107
637E Scraper 173.84 8.05 (2 X 110) 40,016
637E Scraper 173.84 8.05 (2 X 31) 11,277
D7R-SU Dozer 74.85 8.78 636* 53,189
D9R-SU Dozer 111.20 8.78 241 28,915
14H Grader 58.02 8.78 636* 42,485
6,000 Water Tanker 69.96 7.52 636* 49,277
D9R-SU Push Tractor 111.20 8.78 636* 76,307
Grand Total 571,573
* Add support equipment such as water wagons and graders to match total project time as
appropriate. Sum of dozer hours assisting scrapers is 636 (see Worksheets 118-1, -2, -3).
** Account for multiple units in truck and/or scraper teams.
*** To compute Total Cost: Add Ownership & Operation Cost and Labor Cost columns then multiply by
Total Hours Required column.
Data Source(s): PRIMEDIA Information, Inc., Cost Reference Guide for Construction Equipment
(3Q99); Department of Labor, Davis-Bacon Wage Rates (General Decision KS990063, 10108/99).
82 -16
-----_.--------------------------------------------------------------
Project: Area MininglDragline Example
Date: 01105100
Prepared by: K. G. Bond
WORKSHEET 14
REVEGETATION COSTS
Name and Description of Area To Be Revegetated:
The area consists of prime and non-prime farmlands. Both areas will be vegetated in the same
manner. Alfalfa will be used as a cover crop.
Description of Revegetation Activities:
The following costs are indicated in the mining plan and confirmed by the local Natural
Resource Conservation Service (formerly SCS) Office:
Seed @ $150/Ac + Mulch @ $250/Ac + Fertilizer @ $40/Ac = TOTAL Revegetation Cost $440/Ac
Cost Calculation for Individual Revegetation Activities:
Initial Seeding
____ ac X ($ ____________ /ac + $_--=44c..:..=.O ____ /ac) = $ 17,820
area to be seeded seedbed preparation seeding, fertilizing
& mulching
Planting Trees and Shrubs
ac X ($ lac + $ lac) = $
--------- '------- -------
area to be planted planting herbicide
treatment
Reseeding
_----.,;4;:.:0:.:;.5=---:--:- ac X .30 x ( $ lac + $ 440 lac) = $ 5,346
area to be seeded failure rate* seedbed preparation seeding, fertilizing
& unreleased & mulching
disturbed areas
Replanting Trees and Shrubs
ac X X ( $ lac + $ lac) = $
------ ------
area to be planted failure rate* planting herbicide
& unreleased treatment
disturbed areas
Other Necessary Revegetation Activities
(Examples of other activities that may be necessary include soil sampling, irrigation, and rill and gully repair. Describe each
activity and provide a cost estimate with documentation. Use additional worksheets if necessary.)
Other Costs: $. _____ __
TOTAL REVEGETATION COST = $ 23,166
* Scarifying is done by motorgrader ( Worksheet 12). Historical revegetative failure rate is 30%. There
are no unreleased areas.
Data Source(s): Mine plan; local NRCS.
B2 -17
Project: Area Mining'Dragline Example
Date: 01105/00
Prepared by: K. G. Bond
WORKSHEET 16
RECLAMATION BOND SUMMARY SHEET
1. Total Facility and Structure Removal Costs $ 0
2. Total Earthmoving Costs $ 571.573
3. Total Revegetation Costs $ 23,166
4. Total Other Reclamation Activities Costs $ 0
5. Total Direct Costs $ 594.739
(sum of Lines 1 through 4)
6. Inflated Total Direct Costs $ 672.055
(Line 5 x inflation factor *)
7. Mobilization/Demobilization of Line 6) $ 33.603
(1% to 10% of Line 6)
8. Contingencies (_5_% of Line 6) $ 33.603
(3% to 5% of Line 6)
9. Engineering Redesign Fee ( 4.25 % of Line 6) $ 28.562
(2.5% to 6% of Line 6)
10. Contractor Profit! Overhead ( 24 % of Line 6) $ 161.293
(see Graph 1)
11. Project Management Fee of Line 6) $ 31.587
(see Graph 2)
12. Total Indirect Costs $ 288.648
(sum of Lines 7 through 11)
13. GRAND TOTAL BOND AMOUNT $ 960
1
703
(sum of Lines 6 and 12) (round to $ 961,000)
* Inflation factor = ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr = __
ENR CCI for mo/yr 5 years prior to current mo/yr 5439
= 1.13
Identify current month/year used in formula above: 12/99
Identify prior month/year used in formula above: 12/94
ENR = Engineering News Record, McGraw-Hili Construction Information Group, New York, NY; http://www.enr.com.
Formula assumes permit term or time until next bond adequacy evaluation is 5 years. Adjust timeframe as necessary.
B2 -18
)
(
\
i
PRE· MINING OPERATIONS PLAN
,
"
8-00 10000

e
ToPSOIL

:::--1 SH.AL£

SPOIL
f.'
' ,'
'.'
COAL

P1

<

PASTl..JIAt
,
..... 'LourE "'A6ITAT
./'
NO [.(p OSlVES SfORAGE
ON hoE PEI'1MIT
r
\
,
,
. ,
R33W

WILDLIFE
HAEiTAT
WATER
NOTE'
PASTURE
4 I at
...f..f...L
177 OC
07
, "
1990e
WILL 8E RECL
MITCHELL
PASTURE
.,
"
WII..DL1FE
HA9ITAT 16 at
WATER
,,,
60«
QQ.SHED AREA REPRESENTS 710e rF PRto4E FARMI..AH'l
PASTURE IF REOUIREO ClI.£. TO ExPIRATION OF
GRANDFATHER CLAUSE
POST-MINING RECLAMATION
...
- ...
---
12-00 14000
0''''''
NOfE SE[ PROPOSED fiSH ANO WILDLIfE PLAN
IN SEC TI ON VI • SUBSECTION A. PART 4
, ..
2C' 00 22·00
CROSS-SECTION A- A'
SCALE HORZ 1"lOO' VERT I"' 20'
,.<Xl
,e"'" ,.""

-
.. ""
120' Bl>l'F[R
",.,
LI Mit o.
BUFFtR lONE
OETAIL B
STREAM BUFfER ZONE
NT S
A'
1840'
820'
nn9JTARy TO
MOORES BRANCH
Figure B-4
BOND AMOUNT COMPUTATION
Applicant: Haulback Example
Permit Number: Example No.3 Permitted Acreage: -.:1:...;:6=0 _____ _
Bonding Scheme (permit area, incremental, cumulative): permit area
If Incremental:
Increment Number:
Increment Acreage:
If Cumulative:
Acres previously authorized for disturbance:
New acres proposed for disturbance:
Type of Operation: Contour-type surface (truck and loader)
Location: USA
Prepared by: K.J.Bond
Date: December 2, 1999
Total Bond Amount: $ 387,000
83 - 1
WORKSHEET 1
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 1212/99
Prepared by:-=K=.J::..:... =Bo=n=d __ _
DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO
The mining sequence for this haul back operation begins with Pit #1 and progresses
through Pit #66 (see Figure B-5 at end of worksheets). The topsoil from the box cut and
the box-cut material will be stored separately in the four stockpiles located near Pits #4,
#10, and #13. From inspection, the worst-case reclamation scenario will occur while Pit
#21 is being mined due to the pit size and distance from these stockpiles. At this time, all
additional stockpiles would not exist. The mine is located in Navajo County, AZ.
1. Structure Demolition
The mine plan indicates that the office is located at the southern end of the permit area.
This facility is mobile therefore it would not be demolished. The office and coal pad area
combined take up about 0.5 acres. There are no other structures located on the permit
area.
2. Earthmoving Activities
The worst-case reclamation scenario assumes that Pit #21 is completely mined. However,
the haul back mining sequence, once in full operation, is conducted such that spoil is
hauled immediately behind the active coal mining face and placed within the previous
mined-out area. Therefore, it is assumed that 50 percent of Pit #21 and 50 percent of Pit
#22 require backfilling. The total volume contained in both stockpiles, plus 20 percent
swell, and the volume of the haul-road surfacing is considered to be sufficient to fill the
remaining open pit.
The main haul road is located along the western edge of the permit area, runs for 7000
feet and is 30 feet wide. The mine plan states that the haul road will be constructed out
of crushed rock obtained from the initial box cut. The crushed rock will be 34 inches
thick for the entire haul road length. This material will be removed and disposed of in the
open pit by using the same equipment as used to move the spoil from the stockpiles to
the open pit.
The mine plan indicates about a 30-foot overburden depth. The highwall is assumed to
have a 1/4h:1v slope and the spoil side is assumed to have a 2h:1v slope based on field
observation (see Worksheet 4). Because the mining operation uses scrapers, backfilling
and rough grading is already accomplished. Therefore, Pits #17 through #22 require final
grading prior to topsoil replacement.
Reclamation of the coal pad/office area will require that contaminated material be
removed to a depth of 10 inches. This material will be disposed of in the open pit.
All existing ponds and the containment berm will be left as part of the approved
postmining land use.
3. Topsoil Replacement
The mine plan indicates that 10 inches of topsoil will be salvaged. The topsoil from Pit
#22 is assumed to have been removed and placed over Pit #16. The stockpiled topsoil
will be used to cover Pits #17 through #22, the haul road, and the office/coal pad area.
83 - 2
WORKSHEET 1 (continued)
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared by:--.:Kc::;.J::.;.. . .:::.Bo""n=.d__ _
DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO
The topsoiled areas will then be final graded. The topsoil stockpile located on the west
side of Pit# 5 will be referred to as TSW on the worksheets and the topsoil stockpile
located on the east side of Pit #10 will be referred to as TSE on the worksheets.
In addition, pits #17 through #22 will need to be ripped prior to topsoil placement. (See
Worksheet 7.) There will also need to be final grading and scarifying of the topsoil prior
to revegetation. (See Worksheet 3, item 9.)
4. Revegetation
The worst-case reclamation situation is assumed to occur during the first year of mining
at the end of the winter period when approximately 6 months of winter weather would
have inhibited the establishment of permanent revegetation. Therefore, Pits #11 through
#22, the haul road, and the office and coal pad area would need seedbed preparation,
fertilization, seeding, and mulching. No prime farmlands are identified in the mine plan.
Revegetation costs will include the cost for reseeding 5.6 acres of previously disturbed
land which has been reclaimed, had an initial seeding applied, but which has not yet been
released from liability.
NOTE: Worksheets 6, 10, 11A, 15, 17 and 18 are not applicable to this example.
Data Source(s): Mine plan.
83 - 3
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared by:...."K"".J::..:..."",Bo""n:::.d__ _
WORKSHEET 2
STRUCTURE DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL COSTS
Structures to be demolished:
Item Construction Volume Unit Cost Demolition
Material (cubic feet) Basis ($) Cost ($)
None'"
I
Subtotal
I
Other items to be demolished (paved roads, conveyors. utility poles. rail spurs, etc.):
"'Remove office trailer, 50' x 10'; same price as installation fee = $545.
Subtotal = $-=5:....:4=5"'_"' ___ _
Debris Handling and Disposal Costs:
"""Demolition includes disposal with up to 20 miles haul.
TOTAL DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL = $ - = 5 ~ 4 5 = - - - __ _
Data Source(s): Means Site Work and Landscape Cost Data, 1998; Mine plan.
83 - 4
I
---
Earthmoving Activity Volume
(LeY)
1. Fill Open Pit 60,315
2. Fill Open Pit 60,315
3. Fill Open Pit 22,037
4. Office Area 672
5. Rough Grading 30,326
6. Ripping of Backfill, Haul 70,758
Road, and Office Areas
7. Final Grading of Backfill, 16.2
Haul Road, and Office Areas acres
8. Scarification and Final 26.1
Grading acres
9. Replace Topsoil in Pits 14,626
#17-22 Area
10. Replace Topsoil over 7,149
Office and Haul Road
I '" Record grade resistance {% grade} here.
,
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared by:_K=.J.:... B=on"'d=--__ _
WORKSHEET 3
MATERIAL HANDLING PLAN SUMMARY
--
Origin Destination Haul
Distance (tt)
West Overburden Pit #22 1,600
Stockpile 200
East Overburden Pit #22 800
Stockpile 200
Haul Road Area Pit #22 1,800
200
Coal Pad/Area Pit #22 3,200
200
Disturbed Area Disturbed Area 100
Disturbed Area Disturbed Area
Disturbed Area Disturbed Area
Disturbed Area Disturbed Area
Topsoil Stockpiles East and West 750
Disturbed Areas
West Topsoil Disturbed Area 2,100
Stockpile
83 - 5
Grade * Equipment
(%) To Be Used
3 988F loader with
10 7690 trucks
3 988F loader with
10 7690 trucks
3 988F loader with
10 7690 trucks
3 988F loader with
10 7690 trucks
3 D8R-SU dozer
0 D8R-SU dozer with 3-
shank ripper
0 140H grader
0 140H grader
4 627F scraper with D8R
push tractor
4 627F scraper with D8R
push tractor
I
,..-------------------------------- ------ -------- ---------
Cross-Sectionl Distance
Station Between
Stations
(ft)
east end of pit
800
west end of pit
TOTALS
* C>
,L
Data Source: Mine plan.
WORKSHEET 4A
EARTHWORK QUANTITY
End Area Volume
(ft2) (yd
3
)
4,031.4
119,449
4,031.4
119,449
.
be moved.
83 - 6
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared bY:,--,K=';:.:.J,=B=oo=d __ _
Adjust- Adjusted
ment Volume
Factor * (LCY)
(%)
1.2 143,339
143,339
WORKSHEET 4B
EARTHWORK QUANTITY
Earthmoving Volume Area Calculations
. .
.. .
• •
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared by:-=K=oJ,--,-,o B=o=od=---__
I
i 8
i
8 8 2
0
plf length
I
...
PLAN YIEV
~ CD.
CD IJ
n2 12t no ,l? '18
-
• b c
1
~ r ~ V i
100' 100'
100' 100'
Backfilling of Pits #21 and 22 - 50%
Area a: 0.5 x 30' x 7.5' = 112.5 ftz
Area b: 30' x 100' = 3,000 ftz
Area c: 0.5 x 30' x 60' = 900 ftz
= 4,012.5 ft·
... ...
117 It6 pIt nUllber
.t
]
I !
100' tOO' 100'
pIt· .Idth
Backfill Volume Needed (Calculations on Worksheet 4A) = 143,339 LCY
Haul Road Haul Material
Total haul road volume = 22,037 LCY
CROSS-SECT r ~
The volume and haul distance (from centroid to centroid) for the northern half of the haul road =
12,622 BCY @ 2200'; for the southern half = 9,415 BCY @ 1700'. The total average haul distance =
2000'.
Spoil Ridge Volume = Pit Backfill Volume - Haul Road Volume
= 143,339 - 22,037 = 121,302 LCY
A dozer is needed to spread and rough grade this backfill material. Assume that 25% of the
material is graded (3% average grade) = 121,302 x .25 = 30,326
Office Area, and Coal Pad Area Cleanup
Office / Coal
Pad Area: 0.5 acres x 43,560 sf/acre
x .83' thick + 27 cf/cy = 670 BCY
The total average haul distance = 3,400'.
83 -7
WORKSHEET 4B (continued)
EARTHWORK QUANTITY
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared by:-:K=.Jc:....:. B=o=nd=--__
Topsoil Replacement - Pits #17 through #22, Haul Road, Office Area, and Coal Pad
Pits #17 through #22: 6 pits x 100' wide x 793' long
x .83' thick + 27 cflcy = 14,626 BCY
Haul Road:
Office & Coal
Pad Area:
Topsoil Volume
7,000' long x 30' wide
x .83' thick + 27 cf/cy
0.5 acres x 43,560 sf/acre
x .83' thick + 27 cf/cy
Total
Topsoil Haul Distance:
= 6,477 BCY
= 670 BCY
21,773 BCY
Assume that total topsoil volume is evenly distributed between the two stockpiles. Therefore,
West Topsoil Stockpile (TSW) = 10,888 cy
East Topsoil Stockpile (TSE) = 10,888 cy
The 7,149 BCY of topsoil required for the haul road, office/coal pad area will come from TSW. The
remaining 3,739 topsoil in TSW and the topsoil In TSE will be placed over Pits #17- #22. The total
average haul distance for TSW is 2100'. The total average haul distance for remaining TSW and
TSE Is 750'.
Final Grading/Scarification Area - Pits #11 through #22, Haul Road, Office Area, and Coal Pad
A SEDCAD was used to determine the area of Pits #11 through #22.
Pits #11 - #22
Haul Road
Office & Coal Pad Area
Data Source: Mine plan.
20.8 acres
4.8 acres
0.5 acres
26.1 acres
83 - 8
WORKSHEET 5A
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared . __ _
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Spoil Rough Grading for Pits 17-22.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D8R dozer with "Semi-U or sun Blade.
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material, etc.):
1 00 ft. push at a +3% effective grade; material is a mixture of earth and blasted sandstone and
shale rock.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = .75
operator
factor
x .80
material
factor
x
____ x __ ___ __ __
weight production visibility
correction method/blade factor
factor factor
x
.83 x .95 x
efficiency grade
factor factor
1.0 = .444
elevation
factor
Net Hourly Production = __ __ LCYlhr x = 386.3
normal hourly operating adjustment
production factor
Hours Required = _....:30.,;:0:..1.,.::;.32::.6"'---___ LCY + 386.3
*
volume to be
moved
net hourly
production
2300 = = 0.94
(2,700+2,550+2,100) 13 2,450
LCYlhr = 78.5 hr**
LCY/hr
** Use 301 Total Hours. Assume D8R-SU is available as support equipment during project life;
see Worksheet 13.
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 - 9
WORKSHEET 5B
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared by:,_K:..:;":.;.:J...=B=o""nd=---__ _
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Pusher tractor to assist loading scrapers.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D8R dozer with a "SUfi Blade.
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material, etc.):
Scrapers loaded with Back-track Loading Method.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = x x x
operator material efficiency grade
_---.,. __ x
factor factor factor factor
x x x =
weight production visibility elevation
correction method/blade factor factor
factor factor
Net Hourly Production = LCY/hr x ___ ...,.,-_-:-:--:-_,.- = ____ LCY/hr
normal hourly operating adjustment
production factor
HoursRequired = ________ LCY + _______ LCY/hr = 301*
volume to be
moved
net hourly
production
·Use 301 total hours for D8R-SU; see Worksheet 13.
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 - 10
hr
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared . .::.J....,B""on""d,--__ _
WORKSHEET 7A
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR RIPPER-EQUIPPED DOZER USE
Ripping Activity:
This unit will be used for ripping Pits #16 through #22 prior to topsoil placement.
Characterization of Dozer and Ripper Use:
D8R wI SU blade and 3-shank adjustable parallelogram ripper; ripper has a 43 inch (3.S8-foot)
pocket spacing.
Description of Ripping (ripping depth, cut spacing, cut length, and material to be ripped):
Ripping depth = 2.6 feet; Cut length = 793'
Ripping effective width = 43"/12"perfoot x 3 = 10.75 feet
Volume = 6 pits x 100' wide x 2.6' deep x 793' long + 27 cy/cf = 45,818 cy
Productivity Calculation·:
Cycle time = (793 ft 88 ftlmin) + 0.25 min = --.::9:.:;.3=--__ min/pass
cut length [speed] fixed turn time**
Passes/hour = 60 min/hr + _-:-=9:,.:..3=--_ min/pass x = 5.35 passeS/hr
Volume cut =
per pass
cycle time efficiency
factor
_-,2::.,:.6 __ ft x,_---'-10:<,,:.c:...7.::..5 __ ft x _....:7..:::9.,:.3_ ft)
tool cut cut
penetration spacing length
Hourly Production = 820.9 BCY/pass x 5.35 passeS/hr =
Hours Required = 45,818 BCY 4,391.8 BCY/hr =
bank volume to be
ripped
hourly
production***
27 ff/yd
3
= 820.9
4,391.8 BCYlhr
10 hrs***
BCY/pass
* Remember to use the swell factor to convert from bank cubic yards to loose cubic yards when applying these data to
Worksheet 5. Calculate separate dozer hauling of ripped material for each lift on Worksheet 5.
** Fixed turn time is dependent on dozer used. Normally 0.25 min. per turn is used.
*** Use 301 hours (support equipment, see Worksheet 13)
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 - 11
WORKSHEET 78
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared by:--'K:.=;oC"-'Jo..::B;.;:.ono:;:d'--__ _
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR RIPPER-EQUIPPED DOZER USE
Ripping Activity:
Rip the 30.1' wide haul road prior to topsoil placement.
Characterization of Dozer and Ripper Use:
D8R wI SU blade and 3-shank adjustable parallelogram ripper; ripper has a 43 inch (3.58-foot)
pocket spacing.
Description of Ripping (ripping depth, cut spacing, cut length, and material to be ripped):
Ripping depth = 2.6' Length = 7,000'
Ripping effective width = 43"/12"per foot X 3 = 10.75'
Volume = 7,000' x 30' wide x 2.6' deep + 27 cy/cf = 20,222 cy
Productivity Calculation*:
Cycle time = ( 7,000 ft + 88 ftlmin) + 0.25 min = 79.8
cut length [speed] fixed turn time**
Passes/hour = 60 min/hr + 79.8 min/pass x .83
- - ~ ~ ~ - - - ~ ~ - - -
cycle time efficiency
= .62
factor
min/pass
passeslhr
Volumecut =
per pass
_=2.:..:.6 __ ft X 10.75 ft X 7,000 ft) + 27 ft3/yd
3
= 7,246 BCY/pass
tool cut cut
Penetration spacing length
Hourly Production = 7,246 BCY/pass X _-=.:.=.6::.2 ___ passeslhr = _....:4'-'-,4..:..;9::..;:2:.; . .:..7__ BCY/hr
Hours Required = 20,222 BCY + 4,492.7 BCY/hr = __ .:;:;4.:.:.5::....-__ hrs****
bank volume to be hourly
to be ripped production***
Remember to use the swell factor to convert from bank cubic yards to loose cubic yards when applying these data to
Worksheet 5. Calculate separate dozer hauling of ripped material for each lift on Worksheet 5.
Fixed turn time is dependent on dozer used. Normally 0.25 min. per turn is used.
*- This D8R-SU bulldozer is to be for rough grading ofthe backfill area (see Worksheets 5A, 7A and 78).
-** Use 301 total hours, see Worksheet 7A; support equipment, see Worksheet 13.
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 -12
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared . .!<B",-oD:.::d__ _
WORKSHEET 7C
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR RIPPER-EQUIPPED DOZER USE
Ripping Activity:
Rip the office/coal pad area prior to topsoil placement.
Characterization of Dozer and Ripper Use:
D8R w/ SU blade and 3-shank adjustable parallelogram ripper; ripper has a 43 inch (3.58-foot)
pocket spacing.
Description of Ripping (ripping depth, cut spacing, cut length, and material to be ripped):
Ripping depth = 2.6' Length = 148'
Ripping effective width = 43"/12"per foot X 3 = 10.75'
Volume = 21,780 sf x 2.6' deep + 27 cy/cf = 2,097 cy
Area = 21,780 sf (0.5 ac.)
Productivity Calculation·:
Cycle time = ( __ ---=1'-'4'-=8 __ ft + 88 ftlminl + 0.25 min = _....:1:..:..9=..3=--__ min/pass
cut length [speed] fixed turn time**
Passes/hour = 60 min/hr + 1.93 min/pass x .83 = 25.80 passes/hr
Volume cut =
per pass
cycle time efficiency
_--=2= • ..::;.6__ ft. x 10.75
tool
penetration
cut
spacing
factor
ft X _...:..14..:..;8=--_ ftl + 27 ft3/yd
3
= 153.2
cut
length
BCY/pass
Hourly Production = 153.2 BCY/pass X 25.80 passes/hr = __ BCY/hr
Hours Required = 2,097 BCY/ yd
3
+ _3",-"",,9=5=2.=6 __ BCYlhr = _--=.5;..::3'--__ hrs***
bank volume to be hourly
ripped production
Remember to use the swell factor to convert from bank cubic yards to loose cubic yards when applying these data to
Worksheet 5. Calculate separate dozer hauling of ripped material for each lift on Worksheet 5.
Fixed turn time is dependent on dozer used. Normally 0.25 min. per turn is used.
*** Use 301 total hours, see Worksheet 7A; support equipment, see Worksheet 13.
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 -13
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared by:-..!Kc:;..J:..:.. . .:::cBo""n::.d__ _
WORKSHEET 8A
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Load haul truck with spoil from overburden stockpile, west (OSW).
Characterization of Loader Use (type, size, etc.):
988F, Spade-edge 8 cy rock bucket, 11.5' dump height clearance.
Description of Loader Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, etc.):
Loading 35 ton trucks from stockpile with minimum haul.
Productivity Calculations:
Cycle time = __ -=-0 __
haul time
(loaded)
+
__ ~ o ~ _ _ + __ ~ . 5 ~ 7 ~ 5 __ _
return time basic cycle time
(empty)
Net Bucket Capacity = __ -=8'--__ LCY X
heaped bucket
capacity
.8
bucket fill
factor*
= 6.4
= .575
LCY
Hourly Production
=
6.4 LCY + .575 min X .75 X 60 min/hr
=
net bucket cycle time efficiency
capacity factor
Hours Required
=
60
1
315 LCY 501 LCY/hr = 120 hr
volume to be hourly
moved production
·See loader section of equipment manual.
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 -14
min
501 LCY/hr
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared by:-!K=.J:..:..,. __ _
WORKSHEET 88
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Load haul truck with spoil from overburden stockpile, west (OS E).
Characterization of Loader Use (type, size, etc.):
988F, Spade-edge 8 cy rock bucket, 11.5' dump height clearance.
Description of Loader Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, etc.):
Loading 35 ton trucks from stockpile with minimum haul.
Productivity Calculations:
Cycle time = __ ---"'0__ +
haul time
(loaded)
o
return time
(empty)
+ __ __ _
basic cycle time
Net Bucket Capacity = __ ..:::8___ LCY X _...:.;.8=--__ = 6.4
heaped bucket bucket fill
capacity factor*
= .575
LCY
Hourly Production = 6.4 LCY .575 min X .75 X 60 min/hr
net bucket cycle time efficiency
capacity factor
Hours Required = 60
1
315 LCY ... 501 LCY/hr = 120 hr
volume to be hourly
moved production
·See loader section of equipment manual.
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 -15
=
min
501 LCY/h.
-
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared by:._K .... :.:,:J.'-"80=nd::....-__ _
WORKSHEET 8C
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Excavate and load road base material.
Characterization of Loader Use (type, size, etc.):
988F, 8 cy rock bucket.
Description of Loader Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, etc.):
Approximately 50' haul at a 4% effective grade.
Productivity Calculations:
Cycle time = .15
haul time
(loaded)
+ .135
return time
(empty)
+ .575 = .86
basic cycle time
min
Net Bucket Capacity =
__ ..::8 ____ LCY x _-=-=.9'---__ _ = _7!..,!.:,!:2 ____ LCY.
heaped bucket bucket fill
capacity factor*
Hourly Production
=
7.2 LCY + .86 min X .75 x 60 min/hr
=
376.7
net bucket cycle time efficiency
capacity factor
Hours Required
=
22
1
037 LCY 376.7 LCY/hr
=
59 hr
volume to be hourly
moved production
"'See loader section of equipment manual.
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 -16
LCY/hr
WORKSHEET 8D
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared __ _
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Office and coal pad area waste cleanup: Remove 10 inches of contaminated material and place in
final pit.
Characterization of Loader Use (type, size, etc.):
988F with 8 cy spade-edge rock bucket, 11.5' dump height
Description of Loader Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, etc.):
Approximately 50' haul and loading of 35 ton trucks.
Productivity Calculations:
Cycle time = __
haul time
(loaded)
+ 0.135
return time
(empty)
+ 0.575
basic cycle time
Net Bucket Capacity = __ .:8.:..:.0:....-__ LCY X _---=0.:.::9 __ = 7.2
heaped bucket bucket fill
capacity factor·
= 0.86
LCY
min
Hourly Production = 7.2 LCY... 0.86 min X 0.75 X 60 min/hr = 376.7 LCY/hr
net bucket cycle time efficiency
capacity factor
Hours Required =_.:6..:...7.:.0 ____ LCY
volume to be
moved
...:.3:;.:7....:6:.:.;.7'--_ LCY/hr = -=.2.:..:0,--_ hr
hourly
production
·See loader section of equipment manual.
NOTE: Total hours for 988F = 120 + 120 + 59 + 2 = 301 hours.
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 -17
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared bY:.....:K:.::o;;.:.J...;;;B""on:;.;:do.-__ _
WORKSHEET 9A
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Haul spoil from Overburden Stockpile West (OSW) to open pit.
Characterization of Truck Use (type, size, etc.):
Caterpillar 769D, (21.6 + 31.7) + 2 = 27cy average capacity (ave of struck and heaped).
Description of Truck Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, capacity, etc.):
Haul distance and grade from OSW to open pit.
Haul: 1600' @ 3% effective grade plus 200' @ 10% effective grade;
Return: 1600' @ 3% effective grade plus 200' @ (-)7% effective grade
Productivity Calculations:
No. Loader Passes/Truck = -:---:=2,,-7_--:-:---:- LCY + --:-_6.:.;.:....:4':--:--_ LCY =
truck capacity * loader bucket
net capacity
_--:-..:.4:.:.2:.:2:--:-_____ passes
(round down to nearest
whole number)
Net Truck Capacity = __ _____ LCYX 4 = __ -=2.:.5.:.:6:....-_______ LCY
loader bucket no. loader passes/truck
net capacity
Loading nme/Truck = min X _---:_..:.4 __ --:---:--:- = __ 2=.:..::3'__ ___ min
loader cycle time no. loader passesltruck
(from Worksheet 8 or 10)
Truck Cycle Time = .6 + .1
haul time
+ .45 + .1** + __ + __ .,.-'2=.:.=:0_-:--__ = 5.55
return time loading dump and
time maneuver time
No. of Trucks Required = min + __ -:---:2::.:.=:3--:-__ min = --=2.",,4;.:.1 __ trucks
truck cycle time loading time
min
Production Rate LCY X ___ 3",,--::-__:_-:--- + 5.55 min = _....:1'-"4c:.::.5:..:9'--_ LCY/min
truck capacity* no. of trucks truck cycle time
Hourly Production = _---:-1..:.4:::.5;.::;9_-:-- LCY/min x 60 min/hr x ___ = 656.6
production rate efficiency factor
LCY/hr
Hours Required = 60,315 LCY + 656.6 LCY/hr = 91.9 hr
volume to be moved hourly production
NOTE: Use 3 trucks for 120 hours each to match loader, see Worksheet SA.
* Normally the average of the struck and heaped capacities.
** 200' + (25 MPH x 88FPM/1 MPH) = 0.09 min (use 0.1 ).
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 -18
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 1212/99
Prepared by:--,Kc=":..:.J. ..:::B""on.."d__ _
WORKSHEET 9B
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Haul spoil from Overburden Stockpile East (OSE) to open pit.
Characterization of Truck Use (type, size, etc.)
Caterpillar 769D, (21.6 + 31.7) + 2 = 27cy average capacity (ave of struck and heaped).
Description of Truck Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, capacity, etc.):
Haul distance and grade from OSE to open pit.
Haul: SOO' @ 3% effective grade plus 200' @ 10% grade
Return: SOO' @ 3% effective grade plus 200' @ (-)7% grade
Productivity Calculations:
No. Loader Passes/Truck = _--=2:.:.7 ___ LCY + _--.:6.:...;.4,--_ LCY = __ ____ passes
truck capacity· loader bucket (round down to nearest
net capacity whole number)
Net Truck Capacity = 6.4 LCY X 4
=
25.6 LCY
loader bucket no. loader passesltruck
net capacity
Loading Time/Truck
=
.575 min X 4
=
2.3 min
loader cycle time no. loader passesltruck
(from Worksheet 8 or 10)
Truck Cycle Time = .4 + .2 + .3 + .1** + ___ + 2.0 = .!.:.L min
haul time return time
No. of Trucks Required
=
5.3 min
truck cycle time
Production Rate
=
27 LCY X 3
+
loading
time
2.3
loading time
+ 5.3
dump and
maneuver time
min
=
2.3
min
=
truck capacity·· no. of trucks truck cycle time
trucks.
15.3
Hourly Production = 15.3 LCY/min X 60 min/hr X .75
=
6SS.5
production rate efficiency factor
Hours Required = __ LCY + _...::6:.:8:.:;8!.:.S'--__ LCY/hr = . .::.6 __ hr
volume to be moved hourly production
NOTE: Use 3 trucks for 120 hours each to match loader, see Worksheet SB.
*
Normally the average of the struck and heaped capacities.
** 200' + (25 MPH x 88FPM/1 MPH) = 0.09 min (use 0.1 ).
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 -19
LCY/min
LCY/hr
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 1212/99
Prepared by:-'K:,::.=-:.J.-"'B""oD:.:;:d'--__ _
WORKSHEET 9C
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Haul spoil base material to open pit.
Characterization of Truck Use (type. size. etc.)
Caterpillar 769D, (21.6 + 31.7) + 2 = 27 cy average capacity (ave of struck and heaped).
Description of Truck Use (origin. destination. grade. haul distance. capacity. etc.):
1S00' @ 3% effective grade and 200' haul @ 10% effective grade
1S00' @ 3% effective grade and 200' haul @ (-)7% effective grade
Productivity Calculations:
No. Loader Passes/Truck = _---=2::..:;7 ___ LCY ... _...;6:.: . ..=.4__ LCY = ___ ____ passes
truck capacity· loader bucket (round down to nearest
net capacity whole number)
Net Truck Capacity = ---:---:-.::..6.:..::=4--:-__ LCY X _---:-----:-4=---_---:__ = _2:;5::..:.'-='6 _____ LCY
loader bucket no. loader passesltruck
net capacity
Loading Time/Truck = ___ min X ___ ___ _
=
_-=2=-:.3'--___ min
loader cycle time no. loader passesltruck
(from Worksheet 8 or 10)
Truck Cycle Time = .S +.2 + 0.3 + .1** + 2.3 + 2.0 = 5.70 min
haul time return time loading dump and
time maneuver time
No. of Trucks Required = S.70 min 2.3 min = 2.5 trucks.
truck cycle time loading time
Production Rate ____ LCY X _--..,.;2=--__ _.::.5!,!.7 ____ min = 9.47
truck capacity· no. of trucks
Hourly Production = _....::9:,:..4..:..7=--__ LCY/min X 60 min/hr X
production rate
truck cycle time
.75 = 426.3
efficiency factor
Hours Required = ---:--=2:.:2:..0.:.0:,::3<:-:7 ___ LCY + _.....:4'-=2'-='6:,::.3'---__ LCY/hr = _5:,1-,".:,:.7 __ hr
volume to be moved hourly production
NOTE: Use 2 trucks for 59 hours each to match loader, see Worksheet SC.
* Normally the average of the struck and heaped capacities.
** 200' + (26 MPH x 88FPM/1 MPH) .. 0.09 min (use 0.1 ).
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 - 20
LCY/min
LCY/hr
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared . __ _
WORKSHEET 9D
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Haul office area/coal pad waste material to open pit for burial.
Characterization of Truck Use (type, size, etc.)
Caterpillar 769C, (21.6 + 31.7) + 2 = 27 cy average capacity (ave of the struck and heaped).
Description of Truck Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, capacity, etc.):
Haul: 3200' at 3% effective grade and 200' @ 10% effective grade.
Return: 3200' at 3% effective grade and 200' @ (-)7% effective grade.
Productivity Calculations:
No. Loader Passes/Truck = _--=2:..:7 ___ LCY ... __ __ LCY = __ ____ passes
truck capacity· loader bucket
net capacity
(round down to nearest
whole number)
Net Truck Capacity =
__ ---=6:..:.,:.4:::....-__ LCY X ___ 4.::...-____ =
_....:2::.::5:..:..:.6=---___ LCY
loader bucket no. loader passesltruck
net capacity
Loading Time/Truck
=
.575 minX 4
=
loader cycle time no. loader passesltruck
(from Worksheet 8 or 10)
Truck Cycle Time = 1.35 + .2 + .9+.1** + 2.3 + 2.0
haul time return time loading dump and
time maneuver time
No. of Trucks Required = _..::6:.:,:.8:.;:5:....-___ min ... _-=2:..:..:.3:....-___ min = 2.98
truck cycle time loading time
Production Rate = 27 LCYX 3 ... 6.85 min
=
truck capacity· no. of trucks truck cycle time
Hourly Production = 11.82 LCY/min X 60 min/hr X .75
=
production rate efficiency factor
Hours Required
=
670 LCY 532.1 LCY/hr = 1.26
volume to be moved hourly production
NOTE: Use 3 trucks for 2 hours each to match loader, see Worksheet 8D.
*
Normally the average of the struck and heaped capacities.
** 200' + (25 MPH x 88FPM/1 MPH) = 0.09 min (use 0.1 ).
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 - 21
2.3 min
=
6.85 min
trucks
11.82 LCY/min
532.1 LCY/hr
hr
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared __ _
WORKSHEET 11 B-1
PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Replacing topsoil over Pits #17 - #22.
Characterization of Scraper Used (type. capacity. etc.):
Cat 627F Non-push pull 14cy (struck) + 20 cy (heaped) = (14 cy + 20 cy)/2 = 17 cy ave capacity.
Description of Scraper Use (origin. destination. grade. haul distance. capacity. etc.):
750' haul @ 4% effective grade; 750' return @ 4% effective grade.
List Pusher Tractor(s) Used:
D8N dozer will assist the scraper in loading.
Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure):
Back-track loading method with a single push tractor.
Scraper Productivity Calculations:
Cycle = .5 + .5 + .6 + ___ = 2.1 min
Time load time loaded trip maneuver and return trip (push-pull is
(push-pull time spread time time per pair)
is per pair)
Hourly
Production = _....:1:...:.7 ___ LCY X 60 min/hr __ min X .75 = 364.29
capacity* cycle time efficiency
factor
Hours Required = 14.626
volume to be
handled
LCY + 364.29 LCY/hr = __ hr
net hourly
production
* The average of the struck and heaped capacities; use total for two scrapers for push-pull.
Push Tractor Productivity Calculations:
Pusher Cycle Time = __ ....:.:.::5 _____ min X __ = _...!. •
scraper load time pusher factor
Scrapers per Pusher = 2.1 min + .75 min = 2.8 min
scraper cycle pusher cycle (round down)
time time
Pusher Hours Required = 40 hrs + 2 = 20 hr
scraper hours scrapers (round up)
per pusher
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 -22
LCY/hr
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared by:--'K,..,""'-'J..=B""on",d'--__ _
WORKSHEET 11 B-2
PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Replacing topsoil over office area and haul road.
Characterization of Scraper Used (type, capacity, etc.):
Cat 627F Non-push pull 14cy (struck) + 20 cy (heaped) = (14 cy + 20 cy)/2 = 17 cy avg capacity.
Description of Scraper Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, capacity, etc.):
2,100' haul @ 4% effective grade; 2,100' return @ 4% effective grade.
List Pusher Tractor(s) Used:
D8N dozer will assist the scraper in loading.
Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure on next page):
Back-track loading method with 1 push tractor.
Scraper Productivity Calculations:
Cycle = .5 + _-'1;..:..1-=--__ + .6 + _:.;;:.8,-:-:-__ = 3.0 min
Time load time loaded trip maneuver and return trip (push-pull is
(push-pull time spread time time per pair)
is per pair)
Hourly
Production = LCY X 60 min/hr + __ min X .75
capacity* cycle time efficiency
Hours Required = 7,149
volume to be
handled
factor
LCY + _--=2=5:..:;5 ___ LCY/hr = 28.04
net hourly
production
= 255
hr
* The average of the heaped and struck capacities; use total for two scrapers for push-pull.
Push Tractor Productivity Calculations:
Pusher Cycle Time = .5 min x_-=-1 :.;;:.5'--__ = _..::..7:...;5=--_ min
scraper load time pusher factor
Scrapers per Pusher = 3.0 min + .75 min = 4.0 min
scraper cycle pusher cycle (round down)
time time
LCY/hr
Pusher Hours Required = _...:2:..:8:..:..0:...4.:....-__ hrs
scraper hours
2 =

scrapers per pusher
hr
(round up)
(match Worksheet 11-8-1)
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 - 23
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared . __ _
WORKSHEET 11 B (continued)
PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE
PUSHER FACTORS
..... c:::::::>----.---.....
I
I

(
1.5 2.0
.... ':---:/
A. Back Track Loadng

I
I
I
1.3 1.5 ,

B. Chain LoadiIQ
• I •• --->--,----.....
I
I
I
¢:::=l .... [I: j
1.3 1.5
c. SIUIe Loadng
Modified from Terex,1981
Data Source(s): Illustration from "Production and Cost Estimating of Material Movement and
Earthmoving Equipment," TEREX AMERICAS, Tulsa, OK 74107, (918) 445-5802. See disclaimer in
Appendix A, Worksheet 118.
83 -24
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared . __ _
WORKSHEET 12A
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR MOTORGRADER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Final grade ripped area prior to placing topsoil.
Characterization of Grader Used (type, size capacity, etc.):
Caterpillar 140H; 215 horsepower, equipped with EROPS, scarifier/ripper.
Description of Grader Route (push distance, % grade, effective blade width, operating speed,
etc.):
Pit area (#17- #22) = 10.9 acres; Haul road area = 10.9 acres; Coal pad/office area = 0.5 acres
TOTAL: 16.2 acres
Productivity Calculations:
Grading
Hourly
Production = mi/hr X __ ft X 5,280 ftlmi X 1 ac/43,560 ft2 X .75
average effective efficiency
speed blade factor
width
Hours Required = 16.2 ac + 2.29 ac/hr = _....:7 __ hr
area to be hourly
graded production
Scarification - N/A
Hourly
= 2.29 ac/hr
Production = milhr x ft x 5,280 ftlmi x 1 ac/43,560 ft2 x = ac/hr
average scarifier efficiency
speed width factor
Hours Required = ac + _-:-----:-__ ac/hr =
area to be hourly
hr
scarified production
Total Hours = __ _
*Total support equipment hours is 301 (see Worksheet 13).
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 -25
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 1212/99
Prepared . __ _
WORKSHEET 128
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR MOTORGRADER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Scarify all disturbance prior to re-seeding.
Characterization of Grader Used (type, size capacity, etc.):
Caterpillar 140H; 215 horsepower, equipped with EROPS, scarifier/ripper.
Description of Grader Route (push distance, % grade, effective blade width, operating speed,
etc.):
Pit area (#11- #22) = 20.8 acres; Haul road area = 4.8 acres; Coal pad/office area = 0.5 acres
TOTAL: 26.1 acres
Productivity Calculations:
Grading - N/A
Hourly
Production = ___ mi/hr X ____ ft X 5,280 ftImi X 1 ac/43,560 ft2 X ____ = ac/hr
average
speed
Hours Required = _--:--:-_ ac
area to be
graded
Hourly
effective
blade
width
____ ac/hr = ___ hr
hourly
production
Scarification
efficiency
factor
Production = 2.8
average
speed
mi/hrx 7.67
scarifier
width
ft x 5,280 Wmi x 1 ac/43,560 tt
2
x ----!.. __ = 1.95
efficiency
Hours Required = 26.1
area to be
scarified
ac + __ 1:..:. . .:.95=-__ aclhr = 13.36 hr
hourly
production
factor
Total Hours = 301*
* Motorgrader is assumed to be onsite support equipment during total project (see Worksheet 13).
Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
83 - 26
ac/hr
I
WORKSHEET 13
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared by:-'K .... '-'!.J.-",Bo"",n:::.d__ _
SUMMARY CALCULATION OF EARTHMOVING COSTS
Equipment * Ownership & Labor Cost Total Hours Total Cost ***
Operation Cost ($/hr) Required ($)
($/hr)
627F Scraper 113.47 22.39 34** 4,619
627F Scraper 113.47 22.39 34** 4,619
D8R-SU Push Tractor 84.13 22.39 34** 3,622
988F Loader 100.40 23.47 301* 37,285
D8R-SU Dozer with 3 95.28 22.39 301* 35,419
shank ripper
140 H Grader 37.04 22.39 301* 17,888
6,000 gal. Water Tank 69.96 17.80 301* 26,416
769D Truck 86.09 19.89 360**** 38,153
769D Truck 86.09 19.89 360**** 38,153
769D Truck 86.09 19.89 118**** 12,506
769D Truck 86.09 19.89 6**** 636
Grand Total
I
$219,316
* Include all necessary attachments and accessories for each item of equipment. Also, add
support equipment such as water wagons and graders to match total project time as
appropriate. Total Project Time = total truck and loader time = 120 + 120 + 59 + 2 = 301 hours;
therefore support equipment time will equal 301 hours.
** Account for multiple units in truck and/or scraper teams.
*** To compute Total Cost: Add Ownership & Operation Cost and Labor Cost columns then
multiply by Total Hours Required column.
**** See Worksheets 9A, S, C and D.
Data Source(s): D8R-SU hourly rate estimate quoted by PRIMEDIA (PRIMEDIA Information, Inc.,
Cost Reference Guide for Construction Equipment.) Labor cost for last five items from AZ
990017 (08/06/99); assume wages for highway use truck drivers, Navajo County.
83 - 27
I
----- ----------------------------------------------
WORKSHEET 14
REVEGETATION COSTS
Name and Description of Area to be Revegetated:
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared ..:::Bo""n""d'---__ _
Pits #11 - #22 = 20.8 acres; Haul road = 4.8 acres; Coal pad/office area = 0.5 acres;
TOTAL = 26.1 acres
Description of Revegetation Activities:
No special revegetation activities required. Seedbed preparation has already taken place. The
local NRCS office provided an average revegetation cost of $450/acre.
Cost Calculation for Individual Revegetation Activities:
Initial Seeding
26.1 ac X ($ lac + $ 450 lac) = $11,745
area to be seeded seedbed preparation seeding, fertilizing
& mulching
Planting Trees and Shrubs
_______ ac X ($ ____ ----"ac + $ _____ --"ac) = $-___ --=0'--
area to be planted
31.7 ac X
area to be seeded
& unreleased
disturbed areas
planting herbicide
treatment
Reseeding
.25 x __ + $
failure rate* seedbed preparation
450 lac) = $ 3,566
seeding, fertilizing
& mulching
Replanting Trees and Shrubs
______ ac X ....,...-___ X ($ ____ ./ac + $ __ = $-__
area to be planted failure rate* planting herbicide
& unreleased treatment
disturbed areas
Other Revegetation Activity for this Area:
(Examples of other activities that may be necessary include soil sampling, irrigation, and rill and gully repair. Describe each
activity and provide a cost estimate with documentation. Use additional worksheets if necessary.)
Other Costs: %.$___ _
TOTAL REVEGETATION COST FOR THIS AREA = $15,311
* The 25% failure rate is applied to all initial seeding disturbance (26.1 acres) plus reclaimed but
unreleased areas within the permit boundary (5.6 acres).
Data Source(s): Mine plan and local NRSC.
83 - 28
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
*
Project: Haul Back Example
Date: 12/2/99
Prepared B""o..,no:..d__ _
WORKSHEET 16
RECLAMATION BOND SUMMARY SHEET
Total Facility and Structure Removal Costs $ 545
Total Earthmoving Costs $ 219.317
Total Revegetation Costs $ 15.311
Total Other Reclamation Activities Costs $
°
Total Direct Costs $ 235.173
(sum of Lines 1 through 4)
Inflated Total Direct Costs
(Line 5 x inflation factor *)
Mobilization/Demobilization (i% of Line 6) $ 13.287
(1% to 10% of Line 6)
Contingencies ( 4 % of Line 6)
$_----'-10::..1.=63=0'--_
(3% to 5% of Line 6)
Engineering Redesign Fee ( 4.25% of Line 6) $_---'1c...:.1...".2:.:9c...:.4 __
(2.5% to 6% of Line 6)
Contractor Profit! Overhead ( 27 % of Line 6) __
(see Graph 1)
Project Management Fee (5.25 % of Line 6) $_---'1..:3...".9:..;::5.::.2 __
(see Graph 2)
Total Indirect Costs
(sum of Lines 7 through 11)
GRAND TOTAL BOND AMOUNT
(sum of Lines 6 and 12)
Inflation factor = ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr = 6127
ENR CCI for mo/yr 5 years prior to current mo/yr 5439
Identify current month/year used in formula above: 12/99
Identify prior month/year used in formula above: 12/94
$ 265.745
$ 120.914
$ 386.659
(round to $387,000)
= 1.13
ENR = Engineering News Record, McGraw-HiII Construction Information Group, New York, NY; hHp:/lwww.enr.com.
Formula assumes permit term or time until next bond adequacy evaluation is 5 years. Adjust time frame as
necessary.
83 - 29

..,
C1>
'"
I
""



,\
LEGEND
SEr LEGEND ()Ij PL ATE' I
Of MINE MAP
NOTE THIS PLAN WAP IS TO BE
USED WITH THE '-' INtNG PLAN, PART J,
I , OF" PFRMIT A;:>P J(; ATION
-u
I

rrl
It
---.J
1/ 4 COR
o
(

[', r n.¥.a:
TAINMENT BERM I
,,'"
DITCH
,,'
....:.
,',
P;
p;" /
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/:
'/ ......
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I
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,-
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; / /'
, /

..... "
. : I 5' ·' ), '/
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"'Alfl Ml fJE
NOTE
OVERBURDEN STORAGE····· . c::::::J
TOPSOIL STORAGE •••
PONDS ••• • •• - - - - C' .=J
'114 COR
BOND AMOUNT COMPUTATION
Applicant: Mountain Top Removal Example
Permit Number: Example No.4 Permitted ____ _
Bonding Scheme (permit area, incremental, cumulative): Permit Area
If Incremental:
Increment Number:
Increment Acreage:
If Cumulative:
Acres previously authorized for disturbance:
New acres proposed for disturbance:
Type of Operation: Mountain Top Removal
Location: USA
Prepared by: R. R. Bond
Date: December 2, 1999
Total Bond Amount: $ 653,000
84 -1
------------------------------------------------------------------------
WORKSHEET 1
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO
This is a 175-acre mountain-top-removal site from which six seams of coal will be removed (see
Figures 8-6 through 8-9 at end of worksheets). The spoil will be stored both in temporary and
permanent storage. Spoil material is composed of 90% sandstone and 10% shale. The
permanent storage will be in two durable rock valley fills neither of which encroaches on
streams. The temporary spoil storage will be adjacent to the working face of the highwall. The
spoil above the 2,975-foot elevation will be stored in the valley fills while the spoil below
elevation 2,975 will be temporarily stored, as shown on attached drawings, and graded over the
disturbed mine area for positive drainage.
The worst-case reclamation scenario occurs when the mining of the lower seams (A & 8) just
begins. At this pOint, approximately 1,400 feet of highwall is exposed above the 8 through E
seams. It is assumed that all work activities on both hollow fills are current except for spreading
topsoil and revegetation. Hollow fills are approximately one-half their designed capacity at this
point.
The following sections discuss the reclamation plan for the worst-case scenario.
1. Structure Removal
No buildings are planned for the site; however, three 40-foot storage trailers will need to
be removed.
2. Earth Moving Activities
The first step of the earthmoving activities is backfilling of the open highwall.
Approximately 1,400 feet of highwall length is exposed at the D-seam level. This highwall
will be eliminated by blasting a portion of it to an acceptable grade and pushing the blast
material and the stored spoil to reclaim the highwall. Spoil is stored adjacent to the base
of the exposed highwall. Prior to topsoil redistribution, the spoil storage areas adjacent
to the highwall must be graded to final contours.
For the road areas, the main road will be permanent. The access road to the ponds will
be removed when the ponds are removed.
Ponds are to be removed by grading the pond berms to original drainage contours.
3. Revegetation and Topsoil Redistribution
Topsoil will be redistributed by loaders and trucks and will be graded by dozers. It is
assumed that 140 acres will require topsoil distribution. This includes the mined area
and hollow fills. A 6-inch depth amounts to 112,933 cubic yards of topsoil requiring
replacement. It is assumed that the topsoil will need to be hauled 650 feet up a 5 percent
84 -2
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
WORKSHEET 1 (continued)
DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO
grade to the mined area and 600 feet down a 5 percent grade to the hollow-fills. Assume
that the trucks will spread 50 percent of the topsoil in dumping and the remaining 50
percent is spread by dozers.
The areas that require re-vegetation and topSOil redistribution are listed below.
Area
Mining
Hollow-fill A
Hollow-fill B
Basins
Basin Access Road
Explosive Area
Re-vegetation
58.2 Ac
37.8 Ac
35.6 Ac
4.6Ac
1.3 Ac
2.5Ac
140 Ac
Topsoil Redistribution
58.2 Ac
37.8 Ac
35.6 Ac
4.6Ac
1.3 Ac
2.5Ac
140 Ac
It is assumed that all areas will be re-vegetated using the same type of seed mix
recommended in the mining plan and no tree planting will be conducted.
4. Other Reclamation Activities
a. Ponds will need to be maintained and pumped prior to removal.
b. The haul-road is permanent and will need to be maintained until reclamation is
complete.
c. Drilling and blasting the high-wall to an acceptable grade is required.
Assumptions: Mining, reclamation and hollowfill construction has progressed as planned.
NOTE: Worksheets 4A, 7, 11A, 118, 12, 17 and 18 are not applicable to this example.
Data Source(s): Permit Application.
84 - 3
WORKSHEET 2
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
STRUCTURE DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL COSTS
Structures to be demolished:
Item Construction Volume Unit Cost
oemolilioj
Material (cubic feet) Basis ($) Cost ($)
I
Subtotal
I
$0
I
Other items to be demolished (.paved roads, conveyors, utility poles, rail spurs, etc.):
Remove 40-foot storage trailers - 3 each @ $500 each = $1,500.
Subtotal = $....:1.L::,5:..:0;.::;0 ____ _
Debris Handling and Disposal Costs:
Subtotal = $ _--=0'--___ _
TOTAL DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL = $ _1.:..>,=50=-:0'--___ _
Data Source(s): Permit Application.
84 -4
Earthmoving Activity Volume
(Ley)
1. Grade spoil, Yz blasted
rock, into pit 39,638
2. Grade spoil from
temporary storage highwall 63,519
3. Grade temporary spoil
storage area 18,563
4. Load topsoil 53,724
5. Haul topsoil 53,724
6. Load topsoil 59,209
7. Haul topsoil 59,209
8. Spread topsoil 56,467
9. Remove ponds 11,500
10. Remove pond access
roads 1,407
11. Final grading 140 ac**
* Record grade resistance (% grade) here.
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
WORKSHEET 3
MATERIAL HANDLING PLAN SUMMARY
Origin Destination Haul
Distance (ft)
Highwall Highwall 140
Storage Highwall 100
Storage Storaae Area 100
Storage Trucks
Storaae Mined Area 650
Storaae Trucks
Storage A, B Hollow-fill 600
Site Disturbed Area 100
Berm Pond 100
Fill Areas Cut Areas 100
Grade * Equipment
(%) To Be Used
(-)30 D9R with SU-Blade
30 D9R with SU-Blade
0 D9R with SU-Blade
992G Loader
5 7730 Truck
992G Loader
(-)5 7730 Truck
15 D9R with SU-Blade
0 D9R with SU-Blade
(-)5 D9R with SU-Blade
30** D6R with S-Blade
** 98.9 ac (58.2 ac + [(37.8 ac + 35.6 ac)/2] ) are steep slopes of hollow fills and the regraded, reduced highwall area (30% grade); the
remaining 45.1 acres are contour graded (0% grade).
84 - 5
-------_. __ ..
WORKSHEET 4B
EARTHWORK QUANTITY
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
1. Grade blasted material. Assume % of the material is casted in blasting.
Material Volume = % (% x 58' x 32.95' x 1400' + 27 ft3/
Y
d
3
) = 24,774 yd
3
x 1.60 swell
= 39,638 yd
3
2. Grade spoil peaks in temporary storage to highwall at lower seams. (See Figure B-8 at
end of worksheets.)
Material Volume = 2 levels x % (35' x 35') x 1400' + 27 ft
3
/yd
3
= 63,519 yd
3
3. Grade temporary spoil pile left after high-wall back-filled.
Material Volume = 1.0' (Depth) x 358' (Area) x 1400 + 27 ~ / y d 3 = 18,563 yd
3
4. Load and haul topsoil.
Material Volume/hollow fill A & B = 73.4 ac x 43,560 ft2/ac x 0.5 ft + 27 ft
3
/yd
3
= 59,209 yd
3
Material Volume/Mining, Basins,
Ponds, etc. = 66.6 ac x 43,560 ft2/ac x 0.5 ft + 27 ft3/yd
3
= 53,724 yd
3
5. Spread topsoil. Assume % of topsoil is spread by trucks; % by dozers.
6.
Material Volume = 112,933 yd
3
+ 2 = 56,467 yd
3
Pond removal.
Pond
021
022
023
024
Totals
Remove ponds by grading to original contours.
Volume
6.8 ac-ft
11.9
6.8
3.3
28.8 ac-ft
Area
35,625 ft2
63,000
35,625
21,000
155,250 ft2
Estimate Volume as a 2-ft depth over pond area.
Material Volume = 155,250 ft2 x 2 ft + 27 ff/yd
3
= 11,500 yd
3
7. Pond access road removal.
Material Volume = 3,800 ft x 10 ft x I ft + 27 ft3/yd
3
= 1,407 yd
3
Data Source(s): Permit Application.
B4 -6
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
WORKSHEET 5A
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Grade spoil, %-blasted rock, into open pit.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D9R with SU-blade.
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material, etc.):
The dozer is used to push % of blasted rock into the open pit. The material will be pushed 140
feet down (-) 30% effective grade.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = _---=..:.7'-'5:....-__ x_---=..:. 7,-,0:....-:--:-__ X _-::.:=-83=-___ X 1.25
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
X .90
weight
correction
factor*
X __ 1.:..: . .:.;00=---__ X 1.00
production visibility
method/blade factor
factor**
X 1.00
elevation
factor**
= .49
Net Hourly Production = __ ....:.95:.0=--___ LCV/hr X _____ _ = 466
normal hourly operating adjustment
production factor
LCV/hr
Hours Required = 39,638 LCV + 466 LCV/hr = 85 hr

volume to be moved net hourly
production
* Weight Factor = 2,300 Ib/yd
3
+ 2,550 Ib/yd
3
= 0.90
** Normal dozing with straight and U-blades use 1.00.
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
84 -7
---- --- ~ - ---- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ ~ - - - - ----- - ----- -----------
WORKSHEET 58
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Grade spoil from temporary storage to open pit.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D9R with SU-blade
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material, etc.):
The dozer is used to push spoil 100 feet up a + 30% effective grade.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = __ .!..!.7,-,5:...-__ X _....:."'-7.=.0--:-:--_ X _-=:.:=-83=:--__ X 1.25
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
X _:..:.9:.,:0:....-_ X _----!1..:..:.0::..:0=---__ X __ 1:...:..=..00=--__ X 1.00
weight production visibility elevation
= .49
correction method/blade factor factor··
factor* factor··
Net Hourly Production = 1,250
Lcv/hr X __ .:.:..4:;,,:9:....-___ _ = _-=6:..,:.1..::;3 ___ LCv/hr
normal hourly
production
operating adjustment
factor
Hours Required = 63,519 LCV + 613 Lcv/hr = 104 hr
- - ~ ~ - ~ ~ - - - - - - ~ ~ - - - ~ - ~ ~ - - -
volume to be moved net hourly
production
* Weight Factor = 2,300 I b/yd
3
+ 2,550 Ib/yd
3
= 0.90
** Normal dozing with straight and U-blades use 1.00.
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
B4 - 8
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
WORKSHEET 5C
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Grade temporary spoil storage area to final reclaimed contours.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D9R with SU-blade
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material, etc.):
The dozer is used to grade spoil by pushing 100 feet at a 0% effective grade.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = .75 X .70 X .83 X 1.00
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
X .90 X 1.00 X 1.00 X 1.00
=
.39
weight production visibility elevation
correction method/blade factor factor**
factor* factor**
Net Hourly Production = __ LCV/hr X _----'.:.=3:=9 _ _:__----
normal hourly operating adjustment
= 488 Lcv/hr
production factor
Hours Required = 18,563 LCV + 488 Lcv/hr = 38 hr

volume to be moved net hourly
production
* Weight Factor = 2,3001b/yd
3
+ 2,550 Ib/yd
3
= 0.90
** Normal dozing with straight and U-blades use 1.00.
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
84 - 9
WORKSHEET 50
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Spread topsoil.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D9R with SU-blade
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material, etc.):
The dozer is used to spread topsoil 100 feet up a + 15% effective grade.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = .75 X 1.20 X .83 X .75
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
X .90 X 1.00 X 1.00 X 1.00
=
.50
weight production visibility elevation
correction method/blade factor factor**
factor* factor**
Net Hourly Production = _....;1,..,=25=:0=----:-_ LCV/hr X __ :.:.5:,::0'--____ _
normal hourly operating adjustment
= __ __ LCV/hr
production factor
Hours Required = 56,467 LCV + 625 LCV/hr = 90 hr

volume to be moved net hourly
production
* Weight Factor = 2,300lb/yd
3
+ 2,550 Ib/yd
3
= 0.90
** Normal dozing with straight and U-blades use 1.00.
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
84 -10
WORKSHEET 5E
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Remove ponds by grading each berm to original contours.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type. size. etc.):
D9R with SU-blade.
Description of Dozer Use (origin. destination. grade. haul distance. material. etc.):
Dozer will push pond berm 100 feet to original drainage contours over mostly flat (0%) grades.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = .75 X 1.20 X .83 X 1.00
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
X .90 X 1.00 X 1.00 X 1.00
=
.67
weight production visibility elevation
correction method/blade factor factor**
factor* factor**
Net Hourly Production = __ 1!..1.c:2c::;5..:.0__ LCV/hr X __ --:-:-=-.6::..;7'-::----:_--:-_
normal hourly operating adjustment
= _-=8=3=8 ___ Lcv/hr
production factor
Hours Required = 11.500 LCV + 838 Lcv/hr = 14 hr
- - - ~ . ~ ~ - - - - - - ~ ~ ~ - - - - - ~ - - -
volume to be moved net hourly
production
* Weight Factor == 2,300 Ib/yd
3
+ 2,550 Ib/yd
3
= 0.90
** Normal dozing with straight and U-blades use 1.00.
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook. Edition 29.
84 - 11
--------------------------------------------------
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
WORKSHEET 5F
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Remove access road to ponds.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D9R with SU-blade.
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material, etc.):
Dozer used to grade road and ditches to original contours. Push distance, 100 feet, (-)5%
effective grade.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = .75 X 1.10 X .83 X 1.1
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
X .90 X 1.00 X 1.00 X 1.00 = .68
weight production visibility elevation
correction method/blade factor factor**
factor* factor**
Net Hourly Production = __ 1:.J,c::2::5::0 __ LCY/hr X ___ ...:.::6::8 _____ = 850 LCy/hr
normal hourly operating adjustment
production factor
Hours Required = ___ 1:.J,'-!4.,:0.:..7 _____ LCY + _-=8:..::5:..::0=----___ LCY/hr = __ ...:2::.: • .:.0 __ hr
volume to be moved net hourly
production
* Weight Factor = 2,300 Ib/yd
3
+ 2,550 Ib/yd
3
= 0.90.
** Normal dozing with straight and U-blades use 1.00.
Total Dozer Hours from all Worksheets SA - F: 85 + 104 + 38 + 90 + 14 + 2 = 333.
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
84 -12
WORKSHEET 6
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE-GRADING
Earthmoving Activity:
Final grading
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D6R -11 ft. wide straight (S) blade (effective width with blade overlap = 10 ft.)
Description of Dozer Use (% grade, effective blade width, operating speed, etc.):
1. Grading backfilled spoil on 98.9 acres of steeper slopes at 30% grade but backtracking up-
slope for net 0%; 2. Contour grading of backfill and disturbed areas on 45.1 acres at 0% grade.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = .75
operator
factor
x _....:.1.:..:.0'--__ X .83 X 1.00
material efficiency grade
factor factor factor
X __ ..:..:1.=0=..0 __ X _---.:;1..:..:.0:...::0'--_ X 1.00
weight production visibility
correction method/blade factor
factor factor
X
elevation
factor
= __ ....: . .:.62=--__
Hourly Production = _.::.3.:..::0:....-_ mi/hr X __ __ ft X 5,280 nlmi X 1 ac/43,560 nz
average effective blade
speed width
= _....:3:..:. • .:.6 __ ac/hr
Net Hourly Production = _...:3:..:. • .::;6___ ac/hr X ___ -=:.6:=.;2=---:-:-__ :--_ =
hourly operating adjustment
2.23 ac/hr

production factor
Hours Required = __ ___ ac + __ ---'2:.: . .::2.:.3 ____ ac/hr = _...:6:..::5'--___ hr
area to be graded net hourly
production
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
84 -13
WORKSHEET 8A
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Load topsoil on trucks to be hauled to mined area.
Characterization of Loader Use (type. size. etc.):
992G with Large Standard Spade-edge, 16 CY rock bucket, 15.3 ft. dump clearance
Description of Loader Use (origin. destination. grade. haul distance. etc.):
Load topsoil in storage area.
Productivity Calculations:
Cycle time = _____ min + ______ min +
haul time
(loaded)
return time
(empty)
_....;.:..:.7 ____ min =
basic cycle time
_...:..7=--_min
Net Bucket Capacity = _-:-=1,-=6..:.;.0,,-:-:---:--:-_ LCY X --:-....:1-:-:.0=-:-::-:-:--__ = __ LCY
heaped bucket bucket fill
capacity factor'
Hourly Production = _1.:...:6:.:. • .:..0_ LCY ... ---,.:..:..7 __ min X X 60 min/hr = 1.029 LCY/hr
Hours Required =
net bucket cycle time efficiency
capacity factor
_....:5:..:3:..L!.7:....:2:;!4:.....-_ LCY
volume to be
moved
_1.!.J'L:.0.=;29:....-__ LCY/hr = ---,5:::.:2=--_ hr**
hourly
production
* See loader section of equipment manual.
** NOTE: Use 57 hours to match trucks (see Worksheet 9A).
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook. Edition 29.
84 -14
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
WORKSHEET 88
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Load topsoil on trucks to be hauled to mined area.
Characterization of Loader Use (type, size, etc.):
992G with Large Standard 16 CY rock bucket, 15.3 ft. dump clearance
Description of Loader Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, etc.):
Load topsoil in storage area.
Productivity Calculations:
Cycle time = _-:---:--::--_ min + __ --:-: ___ min + .7 min =
haul time return time basic cycle time
_.:..:.7 ___ min
(loaded) (empty)
Net Bucket Capacity = _-:--1..:...;6:..:..::..,0 ----: __ LCY X --:--=-1.:..:0 ____ -
heaped bucket bucket fill
= _----'-16;:.:.c:.0 __ LCY
capacity factor·
Hourly Production = 16.0 LCY + _.:..:..7 __ min X .75 X 60 min/hr = 1,029 LCY/hr
net bucket cycle time efficiency
capacity factor
Hours Required = _.....;5:;..;:9:...;,2:;0:;..;:9'--__ LCY ... _--:-,-,1 LCY/hr =
volume to be hourly
_-=5=8,--_ hr
moved production
* See loader section of equipment manual.
NOTE: Total Loader Hours from Worksheets 8A and B = 57 + 58 = 115
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
84 -15
WORKSHEET 9A
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Haul topsoil from temporary storage to mined area.
Characterization of Truck Use (type, size, etc.):
7770 Truck struck capacity = 60.1 CY, heaped capacity = 78.6 CY, 69.35 CY average capacity
Description of Truck Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, capacity, etc.):
Haul topSOil from storage to disturbed area. Haul and return distance are both 650 feet over + 5%
effective grade.
Productivity Calculations:
No. Loader Passes/Truck = _....;:6:..;:9:..:..3:.;5=--__ LCV + -:-....:1:-:6:..:...0=---:---:_ LCV = passes
truck capacity * loader bucket (round down to nearest
net capacity whole number)
Net Truck Capacity = __ ___ LCV X __ ---:4:!.-__ _ = __ 6;:;..4-=----__ LCV
loader bucket no. loader passesltruck
net capacity
Loading Time/Truck = -:----:---=-.7'-:---.,-____ min X _-:---:-...:.4 __ -:----:-_
loader cycle time no. loader passesltruck
= _-=2::..: • .::.8____ min
(from Worksheet 8 or 10)
Truck Cycle Time = --=. • .=..9__ min + _---= . ...:.4.=;.5__ min + 2.8
haul time return time loading
time
min + :---=2:..:..0=--:-__ min = 6.15
dump and
maneuver time
No. Trucks Required = _....:6::.: . ...:.1.:.5___ min + __ =2.:..::8'--__ min = _-=2=.:.c::2"'O....l(..:u'-=s..:e....;:2,..)'--_ trucks
truck cycle time total loading time
min
Production Rate = _--'6:..4:-_--:-_ LCV X
net truck capacity
2 __ min =
truck cycle time
20.8 LCV/min
Hourly Production =
no. trucks
__ LCV/min X 60 min/hr X
production rate
.75
efficiency factor
Hours Required = ___ __ LCV + __ -=9;..;:3;..;:6'--___ Lcv/hr =
volume to be moved hourly production
* Use the average of the struck and heaped capacities.
= 936 Lcv/hr
--=-=-=----
_-=5..:..7 ____ hr
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 29.
B4 -16
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
WORKSHEET 9B
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Haul topsoil from temporary storage to Hollowfills A and B.
Characterization of Truck Use (type. size. etc.):
7770 Truck struck capacity = 60.1 CY, heaped capacity = 78.6 CY, 69.35 CY average capacity.
Description of Truck Use (origin. destination. grade. haul distance. capacity. etc.):
Haul topsoil from storage to disturbed area. Haul distance is 600 ft. over (-) 5% effective grade;
return is 600 ft. at 0% effective grade.
Productivity Calculations:
No. Loader Passes/Truck = __ LCV + __ 1:....:6:.:. • .:.0 __ LCV = ___ 4..!-_____ passes
truck capacity * loader bucket (round down to nearest
net capacity whole number)
Net Truck Capacity = __ 1.:...:6:.:..0::....-___ LCV X __ __ _ = __ 6"-4"--__ LCV
loader bucket no. loader passesltruck
net capacity
Loading Time/Truck = __ --=-.7=---_____ min X _-:---:-...:.4 __ -::----:-_
loader cycle time no. loader passesltruck
= _-=2=-" • .:.8 ____ min
(from Worksheet 8 or 10)
Truck Cycle Time
=
.27** min + .45 min + 2.8 min + 2.0 min
=
5.52 min
haul time return time loading dump and
time maneuver time
No. Trucks Required
=
5.52 min + 2.8 min
=
1.97 (use 2) trucks
truck cycle time total loading time
Production Rate = __ LCV X
net truck capacity
2 + __ .....:.5:.:.5:..::2=----:--_ min =
truck cycle time
23.2 LCV/min
Hourly Production =
no. trucks
_...:2:.:3"".2=-__ LCV/min X 60 min/hr X
production rate
_......:..:.7...:5=----:---:--_ =
efficiency factor
Hours Required = 59.209 LCV ... _---=-1 .o..:Oc...:,4..:..4____ LCV/hr =
volume to be moved hourly production
* Use the average of the struck and heaped capacities.
** 600 ft I (25 MPH X 88 FPM/MPH) = .27 min.
NOTE: Total Truck Hours from Worksheets SA and B = 57 + 58 = 115
_1.:..a • ..:.,04,:..4=----_ LCV/hr
57 (use 58 hr
to match loader)
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook. Edition 29.
84 -17
I
I
WORKSHEET 13
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
SUMMARY CALCULATION OF EARTHMOVING COSTS
Equipment * Ownership & Labor Cost Total Hours Total Cost ***
Operation Cost ($/hr) Required ** ($)
($/hr)
D9R-SU Dozer 113.22 14.56 333 42,551
D6R-S Dozer 45.79 14.56 333 20,097
992G Loader 216.78 15.56 115 26,719
777D Truck 170.07 12.90 115 21,042
777D Truck 170.07 12.90 115 21,042
Grand Total
I
$131,451
* Include all necessary attachments and accessories for each item of equipment. Also, add
support equipment such as water wagons and graders to match total project time as
appropriate.
** Account for multiple units in truck and/or scraper teams.
*** To compute Total Cost: Add Ownership & Operation Cost and Labor Cost columns then
multiply by Total Hours Required column.
Data Source(s): PRIMEDIA Information, Inc., Cost Reference Guide for Construction Equipment,
1999.
84 -18
I
I
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
WORKSHEET 14
REVEGETATION COSTS
Name and Description of Area To Be Revegetated:
All disturbed acreage requires seeding; no tree planting.
Description of Revegetation Activities:
Hydroseeding will be used because of the steep slope conditions.
Cost Calculation for Individual Revegetation Activities:
Initial Seeding
140 ac X ($ 180 lac + $ 720 lac) = $126,000
area to be seeded seedbed preparation seeding, fertilizing
& mulching
Planting Trees and Shrubs
_______ ac X ($ _____ ./ac + $ ______ ./ac) = $ _____ _
area to be planted planting herbicide
treatment
140 ac X .50
area to be seeded failure rate*
& unreleased
disturbed areas
Reseeding
x ( $ 180 lac + $ 720 lac) = $ 63,000
seedbed preparation seeding, fertilizing
& mulching
Replanting Trees and Shrubs
_--:---:-----:-----:----:- ac X X ($ ____ --"ac + $ lac) = $ ____ _
area to be planted failure rate* planting herbicide
& unreleased treatment
disturbed areas
Other Necessary Revegetation Activities
(Examples of other activities that may be necessary include soil sampling, irrigation, and rill and gully repair. Describe each
activity and provide a cost estimate with documentation. Use additional worksheets if necessary.)
Other Costs: $ ____ _
TOTAL REVEGETATION COST = $189,000
* Assumes a 50% failure rate for reseeding based on historic AML costs.
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Historic AML Costs.
B4 -19
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
WORKSHEET 15A
OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS
(Subsidence damage repair costs, water supply replacement costs, funds required to support
long-term treatment of unanticipated acid or ferruginous mine drainage, etc.)
Description of Reclamation. Repair or Pollution Abatement Activity:
Maintenance, pumping, and treatment of ponds.
Assumptions:
Volume = 28.8 ac-ft.
Cost Estimate Calculations:
28.8 ac-ft x 43,560 ft2 lac. x $0.15/10 ft3 = $18,818
TOTAL COSTS = $.....:1'-"-8.1,.;:;.8-=-18=----___ _
Other Documentation or Notes:
(Include additional sheets, maps, calculations, etc., as necessary to document estimate.)
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Historic AML Costs.
84 - 20
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
WORKSHEET 158
OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS
(Subsidence damage repair costs, water supply replacement costs, funds required to support
long-term treatment of unanticipated acid or ferruginous mine drainage, etc.)
Description of Reclamation, Repair or Pollution Abatement Activity:
Haul road maintenance during reclamation.
Assumptions:
Haul road = 3.5 ac.
Cost Estimate Calculations:
3.5 ac x $600 per ac = $2,100
TOTAL COSTS = $-=2:1..:,1:..::;0=..0 ___ _
Other Documentation or Notes:
(Include additional sheets, maps, calculations, etc., as necessary to document estimate.)
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Historic AML Costs.
84 - 21
WORKSHEET 15C
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS
(Subsidence damage repair costs, water supply replacement costs, funds required to support
long-term treatment of unanticipated acid or ferruginous mine drainage, etc.)
Descriptions of Reclamation, Repair or Pollution Abatement Activity·:
Drilling and blasting
Assumptions:
Quantities - See Worksheet 15D
Drill - (D75KS) = $ 197.28/hr
Driller Cost = $20.65/hr
Blaster Cost = $22.65/hr
Drilling Hours Required = 185.5 hrs
Cost Estimate Calculations:
(Ownership Cost) ( Driller Cost) (Blaster Cost)
Drilling Cost = (185.5 hr x $197.28/hr) + (185.5 hr x $20.65/hr) + (185.5 hr x $22.65/hr) =
$36,595 +$3,831 + $4,202 = $44,628
3 Drill bits - $2,094/ea** = $6,282
Explosives - $0.2024/1b** x 33,540 Ib = $6,788
Blasting caps - $3.30ea X 936 holes = $3,088
** 1986 costs adjusted for inflation: Drill bits cost = $1,500 X (5997/4294.75) = $2,094; Explosives
cost= $0.145 X 1.396 = $0.20241lb.
TOTAL=$ __ ~ $ ~ 6 0 ~ , ~ 7 8 ~ 6 ~ __ _
Other Documentation or Notes:
(Include additional sheets, maps, calculations, etc., as necessary to document estimate.)
See next page.
GRAND TOTAL FROM WORKSHEETS 15A, Band C = $18,818 + $2,100 + $60,786 = $81,704
Data Source(s): Dodge, Construction Cost Guide, 1986; PRIMEDIA Information, Inc., Cost
Reference Guide for Construction Equipment, 1999; R.S. Means, Building Construction Cost
Data, 1998; E. I. duPont deMemours & Co., Blaster's Handbook the Engineering News Record
website (www.enr.com).
84 - 22
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
WORKSHEET 15C (continued)
OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS
JZ.95'-
Highwall ~ .
,
Drill Hcle
OistarieetQ
HighwaUFace
(in feet) -
Drill Hole
Dept.'1 (fee,:;)
E><:plcsive in
col \lr.1l1 (lbs . )
Pit I
li J
2
J
3
I
4
i: i
45
I
36
·1
27
!
15.31
10.2 20.5
i i
1
-I
;10 I
I
I
:a 31 I 42
:'56 Holes
I'i?
I
-0
- - ~
_ 0
6 ROWS
spaCl..n; of Holes
..L"-
Blast Holes
5
I
6
I
Total.
18
I
9
I
I
I
25.6)
I
30.7 ~ 0 7
I
52
I
63
I
219
----------- 1400 ,---:--------
Total No.lHoles = 1,400 ft + 9 ft = 156 Holes x 6 Rows = 936 Holes
Total Feet of Drilling Required:
107 ftl6 holes x 156 = 1 6,692 ft
Avg. Drilling Rate = 1.5 ftlmin
Time = 16,692 ft + 1.5 ftlmin + 60 minlhr
= 185.5 hr
84 - 23
Total Amount of Explosives Required:
215 Ib 16 holes x 156 = 33,540 Ibs
Project: Mountain Top Example
Date: 12102199
Prepared By: R.R. Bond
WORKSHEET 16
RECLAMATION BOND SUMMARY SHEET
1. Total Facility and Structure Removal Costs $ __ __
2. Total Earthmoving Costs
3. Total Revegetation Costs
4. Total Other Reclamation Activities Costs
$----=-:'"'"'-':...:....---
5. Total Direct Costs
(sum of Lines 1 through 4)
6. Inflated Total Direct Costs
(Line 5 x inflation factor *)
7. Mobilization/Demobilization (_5_% of Line 6)$ __ -==::.0...:..:::"=""' __
8.
(1% to 10% of Line 6)
Contingencies (_5_% of Line 6)
(3% to 5% of Line 6)
$ __ -==t...:.:;=--__
9. Engineering Redesign Fee (_6 _% of Line 6)$ __ -=,-,==-__
(2.5% to 6% of Line 6)
10. Contractor Profit! Overhead of Line __
(see Graph 1)
11. Project Management Fee ( 3.6 % of Line 6 )$ __ __
(see Graph 2)
12.
13.
Total Indirect Costs
(sum of Lines 7 through 11)
GRAND TOTAL BOND AMOUNT
(sum of Lines 6 and 12)
* Inflation factor = ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr = 6008
ENR CCI for mo/yr 5 years prior to current mo/yr 5405
Identify current month/year used in formula above: 4/99
Identify prior month/year used in formula above: 4/94
$ 204,608
$ 653,310
(round to $ 653,000)
= 1.1116
ENR = Engineering News Record, McGraw-HiII Construction Information Group, New York, NY; http://www.enr.com.
Formula assumes permit term or time until next bond adequacy evaluation is 5 years. Adjust timeframe as necessary.
84 -24
LEGEND
P(i'< MI T t.RE A
:>POP[RTY LI NE
ti .... ULROAQ
CO'HINUOUS FLOW _ _ _
INi[ » MITT(NT STREA M
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SURFACE RUNOFF
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DIVERS IO'l N
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Figu r e B-81
r-WILDCAT SEAM
_----------------:-L- -___ NATURA L
Sl.C)PcS
NATURAl. S't..OPCs 9300
3Z00
UPPER SPLINT ScAM
3000
---- LOWeR SPLINT SEAM
COLD GAP SE"''''

!1100
I SPRINGS

o 100 200 300 406 .5VO l.OO i'OO 800 <;t)O /000 1100 1= 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2/00 2200 2300 NOO 2500 2.,00
PRE-MINING AREA
-1 ZO't

, "
, , .
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DETAIL A
3000
ZCfOO
o 100 300 400 500 600 700 800 '00 1000 /100 /200 1.300 /4.00 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 eooo i!IOO 2200 Z.JOO 2400 ZSoo Z600
POST MINING AREA
" "
SECTION A-A
..•.
,
DITCH

DUAl L El
... .,. "1'6 J.c...U.1
Figure B-91
BOND AMOUNT COMPUTATION
Applicant: Processing Plant Example
Permit Number: Example No.5 Permitted Acreage:_.....;3=-1.:..,: . .:.o ____ _
Bonding Scheme (permit area, incremental, cumulative): permit area
If Incremental:
Increment Number:
Increment Acreage:
If Cumulative:
Acres previously authorized for disturbance:
New acres proposed for disturbance:
Type of Operation: Coal Processing
Location: USA
Prepared by: P. T.Bond
Date: 12/02199
Total Bond Amount:
$ __ ~ 2 = 2 = 6 ~ , 0 ~ 0 ~ 0 __________________ __
B5 - 1
WORKSHEET 1
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared by:-!..P .:..!.T.:...!. ___ _
DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO
The coal-processing operation consists of a processing plant, a rail loading facility, and a refuse
disposal area. The processing/loading site covers a disturbed area of approximately 9 acres, and
the refuse disposal site covers approximately 22 acres. (Figures 8-10 through 8-13 pertain to
this example and can be found at the end of th,e worksheets.)
The processing/loading operation consists of: a raw coal stockpile, an underground conveyor to
the plant, the processing plant, and conveyors from the plant to the refuse stockpile and the
clean coal silo/stockpile. Support structures for the operation Include: scale house/office, scale,
and shop building. Surface drainage control structures Include diversion ditches, two storage
basins that supply water to the plant, and sedimentation pond No. 001.
Refuse from the processing operation Is transported via a public road a distance of
approximately 1.4 miles to the refuse disposal area. The refuse disposal site is an abandoned
surface coal mine. The spoil from the abandoned mine is salvaged, segregated, stored along the
perimeter of the refuse area, and used as a topsoil substitute to cover the refuse. Refuse Is
compacted In lifts, and topsoil substitute is graded to cover the completed lifts with 4 feet of
material. Sedimentation pond No. 002 provides surface drainage control for the refuse disposal
site.
Reclamation of the area includes removal of all structures from the processing/loading site.
Waste coal and contaminated soil will be excavated and transported to the refuse disposal area.
The surface of the site will be ripped to loosen and mix the compacted soil prior to seed-bed
preparation. The site will be returned to its approximate original contour and vegetated with
herbaceous species, achieving a condition capable of supporting an industrial post-mining land
use. The refuse disposal area will be covered with the topsoil substitute and vegetated with
species that will stabilize the site and provide wild life enhancement, achieving an undeveloped
post-mining land use.
When it has been determined that vegetation has been successfully established and the surface
drainage control structures are no longer required, the storage basins and sedimentation pond
No. 001 will be back-filled and eliminated, and the sites vegetated. Sedimentation pond No. 002
will be eliminated, a rock-lined channel will be constructed on the pond site, and the adjacent
terrain will be vegetated.
Data Source(s): Permit Application.
BS-2
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared by: P.T. Bond
WORKSHEET 1 (continued)
DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO
1. Earthmoving
Waste coal and
contaminated soil:
Topsoil substitute material:
Storage basins and
sediment pond No. 001:
Area to be ripped:
2. Re-vegetation
Processinglloading site:
Refuse disposal site:
3. Other Reclamation Activity
Sediment pond No. 002:
Treating and Dewatering
ponds' basins/ponds:
Soil will be removed to a depth of 6 inches from the three
stockpile areas that total 1.4 acres. With 15 percent final
swell volume, total volume is 1,300 cubic yards.
Material salvaged for final lift area at refuse disposal
site; 0.86-acre surface area with depth of 4 feet, plus 15
percent final swell volume, yields total volume of 6,400
cubic yards.
Pond No. 001 embankment contains 5,000 cubic yards; the
material excavated from the basins and comprising the
berms will be used to fill the basins; basin No. I volume is
313 cubic yards; basin No.2 volume is 333 cubic yards;
with 15 percent final swell volume, total volume is 6,500
cubic yards.
Two acres of a 9-acre processinglloading site is vegetated
and will not be re-disturbed; remaining 7 acres will be
ripped.
Seven acres will require re-vegetation.
Maximum resistance will occur with final lift; concurrent
reclamation will have resulted in 17 acres of a 22-acre site
with vegetation; remaining 5 acres will require revegetation.
Embankment will be graded and eliminated during
construction of rock-lined drainage channel.
Volume of water to be removed is total of basins' and
volumes at normal pool level.
Basin No.1
Basin No.2
Pond No. 001
Pond No. 002
8,450 ft3
9,000 ft3
214,751 ft3
463,914 ft3
696,115 ft3
NOTE: Worksheets 4B, 10, 11A, 11B, 12, 17 and 18 are not applicable to this example.
Data Source(s): Permit Application.
BS-3
WORKSHEET 2
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared by: P.T. Bond
STRUCTURE DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL COSTS
Structures to be demolished:
Item Construction Volume Unit Cost Demolition
Material (cubic feet) Basis ($/ft) Cost ($)
Steel beams; metal
1. Plant siding and roofing 200,000 0.17 34,000
Wood frame; asphalt
2. Scale house/office siding and roofing 5,600 0.17 952
Wood frame; asphalt
3. Scale siding and roofing 750 0.17 128
Wood frame; metal 0.17
4. Shop building siding; asphalt 8,100 1,377
roofing
I
Subtotal
I
$36,457
Other items to be demolished (paved roads, conveyors, utility poles, rail spurs, etc.):
Conveyor Systems: Structural steel supports for elevated units; underground units enclosed in metal
pipes; total length of conveyor system is 790 linear feet.
790 LF x $16/1 LF = $12,640
Subtotal = $----'1=2"",6:....:4.=..0 __ _
Debris Handling and Disposal Costs:
Lump-sum cost includes demolition of concrete block foundation of plant and concrete silo, grading of
rubble into the underground conveyor excavations, and removal/disposal of culvert.
Lump sum = $6,000
Subtotal = $ __ _
TOTAL DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL = $ ---=5:..:5=,0:..:9..:..7 __ _
I
Data Source(s): Means Site Work and Landscape Cost Data, 1998; AML data; conveyor demolition
cost developed from crew and equipment composition and cost data from Means Building
Construction Cost Data.
BS-4
Earthmoving Activity Volume
(Ley)
1. Excavate coal waste 1,300
2. Load coal waste 1,300
3. Haul coal waste 1,300
4. Grade coal waste 1,300
5. Rip surface of site; 7 acres
6. Final grading of site; 7
acres
7. Grade topsoil substitute 6,400
8. Grade and remove pond No.
001 and storage basins 6,500
9. Grade and remove pond No.
002 and construct channel
I *Record grade resistance (% grade) here.
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared by: P.T. Bond
WORKSHEET 3
MATERIAL HANDLING PLAN SUMMARY
Origin Destination Haul
Distance (ft)
Coal stockpile pad Coal stockpile pad 50
Site Site 50
Site Site 50
Site Site 50
Site Site 150
Embankments Basins and Pond 100
B5-5
Grade * Equipment
(%) To Be Used
0 D7R-SU wI 3-shank
ripper
0 988 F
0 769D
0 D6R-S
0 D7R-SU W/3-shank
ripper
0 D6R-S
0 D7R-SU W/3-shank
ripper
0 D7R-SU W/3-shank
ripper
See Worksheet 15A
I
WORKSHEET SA
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared by:-.:..P..:.c" Te.:."-=B::;onc:.:d=---___ _
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Excavate 6-inch layer of coal waste and contaminated soil from the 1.4-acre stockpile area.
Volume of material is 1,300 LCY.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type. size. etc.):
D7R with SU-blade dozer and 3-shank ripper
Description of Dozer Use (origin. destination. grade. haul distance. material. etc.):
Dozer will excavate and pile material for loading; the average push distance is 50 feet and the
effective grade is ° percent. The material weight is 2,300 Ib/CY.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = _ ~ . 7:...;:5::....-__ x __ .:.:.8::..:0::....-__ x _--:..8:;3=--__ x _....;1:..:..0=--__ x
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
__ 1.!.-'.:..:0,---* __ X _---:-....:1:.-=:.0=--_** ___ x 1.0
weight production visibility
correction method/blade factor
factor factor
x --:---=:1 :..:.0'--__ = _----= • .::.50=--__
elevation
factor
Net Hourly Production = _----=-1.a.;:.0:.;:So:=0':----:-_ LCY/hr x __ ......:..:.5::;.;0=---___ = _---CS::..:2:..:S=---__ LCY/hr
normal hourly operating adjustment
production factor
Hours Required = ___ ....;1:.& • .::.30.::.0=---:-__ LCY + __ . . . . ; S : : . . : 2 : . . : S ~ ___ LCY/hr = _....;3=--__ hr
volume to be net hourly
moved production
* Weight Factor = 2.300 Ib/CY = 1.00
2,300Ib/CY
** Normal dozing with SU-blade use 1.00
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook. Edition 28.
B5-6
WORKSHEET 58
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared by: P.T. Bond
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Grade waste/soil at refuse site to blend with contour of fill. Volume of material is 1,300 LCY.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D6R with S-blade.
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material, etc.):
Dozer will grade material to blend with refuse and achieve final contour of fiU; the average push
distance is 50 feet and the effective grade is 0 percent. The material weight is 2,300 Ib/CY.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = _---= . ..:..7.::;.5___ x __ __ x .83 x 1.0 _....::..:-=--__ x
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
___ __ x ___ ___ x __ __ x 1.0 = .75
weight production visibility elevation
correction method/blade factor factor
factor factor
Net Hourly Production = __ 4::;5::.;0=--___ LCY/hr x ___ ____ = __ ----.:3:.;:3:..:7....:..5=---__ LCY/hr
normal hourly operating adjustment
production factor
Hours Required = ___ __ LCY + __ -=.3-=.3..:..7:.;;.5'---___ LCY/hr = __ 4-'--__ hr
volume to be net hourly
moved production
* Weight Factor = 2.300 Ib/CY = 1.00
2,3001b/CY
** Normal dozing with S-blade use 1.00
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 28.
B5-7
WORKSHEET 5C
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared . ___ _
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Grade topsoil substitute to distribute over refuse and achieve final contour. Volume of material
is 6,400 LCY.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D6R with S-blade.
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material. etc.):
Dozer will grade material to achieve 4-foot depth over 0.86-acre surface of the refuse fill; the
average push distance is 150 feet and the effective grade is 0 percent. The material weight is
2,5501b/CY.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = _--=. • .:...75::.-___ x __ ....:.1.:.:.2:..:0=--__ x _--..!..8;:.3::.-__ x __ 1:..:. . .::.0___ x
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
0.9* x 1.0** x 1.0 x 1.0 = .67
weight production visibility elevation
correction method/blade factor factor
factor factor
Net Hourly Production = 525 LCY/hr x .67 = 352 LCY/hr.
normal hourly operating adjustment
production factor
Hours Required = ___ ....;6:J'L..:4.::O.::O_:--_ LCY + __ .::3.::5=2--:-___ LCY/hr = _---=.1.::.8 ___ hrs.
volume to be net hourly
moved production
* Weight Factor = 2,300 Ib/CY = 0.90
2,5501b/CY
** Normal dozing with S-blade use 1.00
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook. Edition 28.
B5-8
WORKSHEET 5D
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared by:-.:..P"-,,T..:.., .::::B.:,:on..:.::d'--___ _
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Grade embankment material to backfill storage basins and pond 001. Volume of material is 6,500
LCY.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type, size, etc.):
D7R with SU-blade and 3-shank ripper.
Description of Dozer Use (origin, destination, grade, haul distance, material, etc.):
Dozer will grade embankment material to fill excavations; the average push distance is 100 feet
and the effective grade is ° percent. The material weight is 2,550 Ib/CY.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = _---" • x __ ...:.1.:..:.0=:'0'__ __ x _--,-,:..=.83::....-__ x __ 1:.,:.=.0=.0 ___ x
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
0.90* x 1.00** x 1.00 x 1.00 = .56
weight production visibility elevation
correction method/blade factor factor
factor factor
Net Hourly Production = 750 LCY/hr x .56 = 420 LCY/hr
normal hourly operating adjustment
production factor
Hours Required = ___ LCY + __ 4....,2::.;0::..-___ LCY/hr = __ 1..:...;6::..-__ hr
volume to be net hourly
moved production
* Weight Factor = 2,300 Ib/CY = 0.90
2,550Ib/CY
** Normal dozing with SU-blade use 1.00
Data Source(s): Permit Application; Caterpillar Performance Handbook, Edition 28.
BS-9

WORKSHEET 6
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 12J2J99
Prepared by: P.T. Bond
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE-GRADING
Earthmoving Activity:
Final grading.
Characterization of Dozer Used (type. size. etc.):
D6R with ii-foot wide S-blade
Description of Dozer Use (% grade. effective blade width. operating speed. etc.):
Grading along contour (0% grade) to smooth coal refuse moved by truck and loader team and to
eliminate rills and gullies prior to topsoil replacement.
Productivity Calculations:
Operating Adjustment Factor = .75 X 1.00 X .83 X 1.00 X
operator material efficiency grade
factor factor factor factor
1.00 X 1.00 X 1.00 X 1.00 = .623
weight production visibility elevation
correction method/blade factor factor
factor factor
Hourly Production = 3.0 mi/hr X _---'1:....:1c.:.;.O=___ ft X 5,280 ftlmi X 1 ac/43,560 ftZ = 4 ac/hr
average
speed
effective blade
width
Net Hourly Production = __ acJhr X ___ ......:..:.6:..:2:..;:3'--_____ = _.......,,2.:...4:..;:9,--_ac/hr
hourly operating adjustment
production factor
Hours Required = ___ ___ ac + __ ___ acJhr =
area to be net hourly
__ ....::8!.-__ hr
graded production
* Effective blade width = 11.0 ft. -1.0 ft. (blade overlap) = 10.0 ft.
Data Source(s): Permit Application.
B5 - 10
WORKSHEET 7
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared bY:,--,-P-,-,.T!..:. . ___ _
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR RIPPER-EQUIPPED DOZER USE
Ripping Activity:
Characterization of Dozer and Ripper Use:
D7R with SU-blade and 3-shank, parallelogram ripper
Description of Ripping (ripping depth. cut spacing. cut length. and material to be ripped):
Dozer will rip surface area of 304,920 square feet. The average cut length is 200 feet, ripping
depth is 2 feet, and ripping width is 9.75 feet. (3 ripper shanks with a 39" spacing and 39" gap
between passes. Pass width = 3 x 39" /12"/1 ft. = 9.75 feet.)
Productivity Calculation:
Cycle time = ( 200 ft + 88 ftlmin) + min = __ -=2::...6:::....-___ .min/pass
cut length (speed) fixed turn time*
Passes/hour = 60 min/hr + 2.6 min/pass x .83
Volume cut =
per pass
cycle time efficiency
factor
_---=2:..:.;.O=---_ft x_---::c9.:..:..7..=5 __ ft X 200 ft)
tool cut
penetration spacing
cut
length
= ___ 1.:...;9::..::.=2,--_,passeslhr
144.4 BCY/pass
Hourly Production = _---=.1...:.4...:.4.:...4!..-_ BCY/pass X 19.2 passes/hr = _-=2:.L!.7:...:7-=2::.;.5:....-__ BCY/hr
Hours Required = 22.587 BCY + 2.772.5 BCY/hr = __ --'8::..: . .:.,0 ___ hr
bank volume to be hourly
to be ripped** production
* Fixed turn time depends on dozer. 0.25 minlturn is used.
** Calculate separate dozer hauling of ripped material in each lift on Worksheet 5. Use swell factor to convert from bank to
loose cubic yards.
Data Source(s): Permit Application.
B5 - 11
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared by: P.T. Bond
WORKSHEET 8
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Load excavated waste coal and contaminated soil for haul to refuse area. Volume of material is
1,300 cubic yards.
Characterization of Loader Use (type. size. etc.):
988F loader with an 8 CY rock bucket
Description of Loader Use (origin. destination. grade. haul distance. etc.):
Loader will load material for haul.
Productivity Calculations:
Cycle time =
°
haul time
(loaded)
+
°
return time
(empty)
+ .65
basic
cycle time
= _----=-.6.;:..5"'--__ min
Net Bucket Capacity = __ ....;8:;.:.,-=0,--_ LCY x .85 = __ -=6.:..::.8=---__ LCY
heaped bucket bucket fill
capacity factor·
Hourly Production = 6.8 LCY + .65 min x .75 X 60 min/hr = 470.8
net bucket cycle time efficiency
capacity factor
Hours Required = _....:1:..L.3::..;0::..;:0=---_ LCY ... _4..:..7:....;0::..: • ..=;.8_ LCY/hr = _---.:.3 __ hrs
volume to be hourly
moved production
• See loader section of eqUipment manual.
Data Source(s): Permit Application.
BS - 12
LCY/hr
WORKSHEET 9
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared by: P.T. Bond
PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE
Earthmoving Activity:
Haul waste coal and contaminated soil to refuse disposal site. Volume of material is 1,300 cubic
yards.
Characterization of Truck Use (type. size. etc.)
769D truck with a 21.2 CY struck and 30.7 CY heaped capacity = 26 CY average capacity.
Description of Truck Use (origin. destination. grade. haul distance. capacity. etc.):
Trucks will haul material from processing/loading site to disposal site, a haul distance of 1.4
miles (7,400 ft). The effective grade for the haul is 4%; the effective grade for the return is 4%.
Productivity Calculations:
No. Loader Passes/Truck = _--:-=2.=.,6 _:--:_ LCY
truck capacity·
-:--6=:.:,;:8'-:----:-_ LCY = __ passes
loader bucket
net capacity
Net Truck Capacity =
__ 6.::,;.:..=8____ LCY X
4 = _-=2:..:.,7.::..=.2=--__ LCY
loader bucket no. loader passesltruck
net capacity
Loading Time/Truck = ___ min X __
= __ -=2:.:..6=:..-__ min
loader cycle time no. loader passesltruck
(from Worksheet 8 )
Truck Cycle Time = __ .::;3:..::.3:..:6:....-_ + + __ -=2:..:. • .:.6 ___ __ = 10.36 min
haul time return time total loading dump and
time maneuver time
Number of Trucks Required = 10.36 min + __ --=2:,;:.6:....-____ min = 4 trucks
truck cycle time total loading time
Production Rate = __ --=2:.:..7.:.:.2=--___ LCY X _--=4::-... __
net truck capacity no. of trucks
_....:1..:0.:.::.3:.,:6:..-_ min = _....:1""'0.:..::.5:-_.LCY/min
truck cycle
time
Hourly Production = __ --=-1.::;0,:.:.5:....-__ LCY/min X 60 min/hr x _----!.:.:..7.::;5 __ _
=
_---=-47:....:2::.:..6=--__ LCYlhr
production rate efficiency
factor
Hours Required = __ -"1"".3;;,.;:0:;.,;:0'---__ .LCY + -:-----:-4:...:.7-=2=.6'--:-:--_ LCY/hr =_.....;3=--__ hr
volume to be moved hourly production
• Normally the average of the struck and heaped capacities.
Haul Time: 7400 ftI (25 MPH x 88 fpm/MPH) = 3.36 minutes
Return Time: 7400 ftI (35 MPH x 88 fpm /MPH) = 2.4 minutes
Data Source(s): Permit Application.
B5 - 13
I
Equipment *
WORKSHEET 13
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared by: P.T. Bond
SUMMARY CALCULATION OF EARTHMOVING COSTS
Ownership & Labor Cost Total Hours Total Cost ***
Operation Cost ($/hr) Required ** ($)
($/hr)
07R-SU with ripper 76.62 14.56 29 44,446
06R-S 45.79 14.56 30 1,811
988F 100.90 15.56 3 349
7690 86.09 12.90 3 297
7690 86.09 12.90 3 297
7690 86.09 12.90 3 297
7690 86.09 12.90 3 297
Grand Total
I
$47,794
* Include all necessary attachments and accessories for each item of equipment. Also, add
support equipment such as water wagons and graders to match total project time as
appropriate.
** Account for multiple units in truck and/or scraper teams.
*** To compute Total Cost: Add Ownership & Operation Cost and Labor Cost columns then
multiply by Total Hours Required column.
Data Source(s): PRIMEDIA Information, Inc., Cost Reference Guide, 1999.
B5 - 14
I
WORKSHEET 14
REVEGETATION COSTS
Name and Description of Area To Be Revegetated:
Seven acres of processinglloading site and 5 acres of refuse site.
Description of Revegetation Activities:
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared bY:--,-P.,..,oT,-,-o ___ _
Seedbed preparation; liming; seeding and mulching; shrub-planting pattern will cover total area
at one acre; 50% reseeding failure rate assumed and 20% plant failure assumed.
Cost Calculation for Individual Revegetation Activities:
Initial Seeding
__ ac x ($ 180 lac + $ 720 lac) = $10,800
area to be seeded seedbed preparation seeding, fertilizing
& mulching
Planting Trees and Shrubs
__ ac x ($ 270
area to be planted planting
lac + $-:-=1:...::0c.:::0-:-:-__ o/aC) = $ __ 3;;:..7:...;0"--___ _
herbicide
treatment
Reseeding
12 ac X .50 x ($ 180 lac + $ 720 lac) = $ 5,400
area to be seeded failure rate* seedbed preparation seeding, fertilizing
& unreleased & mulching
disturbed areas
Replanting Trees and Shrubs
___ 1.:....... __ ac X .20 x ($_-=2:..:..7.=.0 __ o/ac + $ __ 1:....:0:..:::0.,.------"ac) = $--:.7..:.4 __ _
area to be planted failure rate* planting herbicide
& unreleased treatment
disturbed areas
Other Necessary Revegetation Activities
(Examples of other activities that may be necessary include soil sampling, irrigation, and rill and gully repair. Describe each
activity and provide a cost estimate with documentation. Use additional worksheets if necessary.)
Other Costs: $ ____ _
TOTAL REVEGETATION COST = $-"1-=-6,=6..:..44-=----__ _
* See description of revegetation above. Based on AML contract data.
Data Source(s): AML Contract Data.
B5 - 15
r
WORKSHEET 15A
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared by: P.T. Bond
OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS
(Subsidence damage repair costs, water supply replacement costs, funds required to support
long-term treatment of unanticipated acid or ferruginous mine drainage, etc.)
Description of Reclamation, Repair or Pollution Abatement Activity:
Grade to eliminate embankment of sediment pond No. 002 and construction of rock-lined
drainage channel. Channel will be 300 feet long.
Assumptions:
Unit cost includes elimination of embankment.
Cost Estimate Calculations:
Dozer cost = $16.20 per LF
$16.20/LF x 300 LF = $4,860
Other Documentation or Notes:
TOTAL COSTS = ____ _
(Include additional sheets, maps, calculations, etc., as necessary to document estimate.)
Data Source(s): Permit Application; AML Data.
B5 - 16
r
---------------- ---- ------------------------------
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared by:-...:....P.:...!.T.:....:. B=.=o"""nd=--___ _
WORKSHEET 15B
OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS
(Subsidence damage repair costs, water supply replacement costs, funds required to support
long-term treatment of unanticipated acid or ferruginous mine drainage, etc.)
Description of Reclamation, Repair or Pollution Abatement Activity:
Basins and sedimentation ponds are acidic and require treatment. Treat basins and ponds prior
to de-watering.
Assumptions:
Water volume is total of structures normal capacity; 696,000 cubic feet.
Cost Estimate Calculations:
Combined treatment and de-watering cost is $0.15 per 10 cubic feet.
$0.15/cu ft x 696,000 cu ftl10 cu ft = 10,440
TOTAL COSTS = $,--.:.1=0,=44=0:......-__ _
Other Documentation or Notes:
(Include additional sheets, maps, calculations, etc., as necessary to document estimate.)
Data Source(s): Permit Application; AML Data.
B5 - 17
Project: Processing Plant Example
Date: 1212199
Prepared by: P.T. Bond
WORKSHEET 16
RECLAMATION BOND SUMMARY SHEET
1. Total Facility and Structure Removal Costs $ 55,097
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Total Earthmoving Costs $ 47,794
Total Revegetation Costs $ 16,644
Total Other Reclamation Activities Costs $ 15,300
Total Direct Costs $ 138,835
(sum of Lines 1 through 4)
Inflated Total Direct Costs
(Line 5 x inflation factor *)
Mobilization/Demobilization (L % of Line __
(1% to 10% of Line 6)
Contingencies (_5_% of Line 6)
(3% to 5% of Line 6)
$ __ __
$149,883
9. Engineering Redesign Fee (_5_% of Line 6) $ 7,494
(2.5% to 6% of Line 6)
10. Contractor Profit! Overhead (.lQ....% of Line 6) $ 44,965
11.
12.
13.
(see Graph 1)
Project Management Fee (5.7 % of Line 6) __
(see Graph 2)
Total Indirect Costs
(sum of Lines 7 through 11)
GRAND TOTAL BOND AMOUNT
(sum of Lines 6 and 12)
$ 75,990
$ 225,873
(round to $226,000)
Inflation factor = ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr** = __ = 1.1116
ENR CCI for mo/yr 5 years prior to current mo/yr*** 5405
Identify current month/year used in formula above: 4/99
Identify prior month/year used in formula above: 4/94
ENR = Engineering News Record, McGraw-HiII Construction Information Group, New York, NY; http://www.enr.com.
Formula assumes permit term or time until next bond adequacy evaluation is 5 years. Adjust timeframe as
necessary.
B5 - 18

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1 Fi gure a-131

APPENDIX C
GUIDANCE FOR EQUIPMENT SELECTION
04/05/00
When You Know Multi I B
To Find
Symbol
Symbol
Number of p y y
Number of
VOLUME
tsp teaspoon 5 milliliters mL
Tbsp tablespoons 15 milliliters mL
in
3
cubic inches 16 milliliters mL
fl oz fluid ounces 30 milliliters mL
c cups 0.24 liters L
pt pint 0.47 liters L
qt quarts 0.95 liters L
gal gallons 3.8 liters L
ft3
cubic feet 0.03 cubic meters m
3
yd
3
cubic yards 0.76 cubic meters m
3
PRESSURE
inHg
inches of
3.4 kilopasca1s kPa
mercury
,. ~ . . ; . : <
pSI
pounds per
6.9 kilopascals kPa
square inch
TEMPERA TURE (exact)
OF
degrees 5/9 (after
degrees Celsius °C
Fahrenheit subtracting 32)
Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology.
E-2
- ----------- - -------------------------------------
APPENDIXC
GUIDANCE FOR EQUIPMENT SELECTION
INTRODUCTION
The selection and matching of equipment for a surface mining operation is a complex
task requiring a knowledge of equipment productivity for the reclamation tasks that are
typically encountered. Proper selection of equipment allows completion of reclamation
tasks in an efficient manner and results in the lowest possible performance bond.
Factors governing equipment productivity are capacity; cycle time (the time required to
complete the operation); and site conditions such as space limitations, grades, and
material characteristics that affect the performance of the machinery. Equipment
selection involves evaluating the advantages and disadvantages in using different
types of equipment to perform reclamation tasks. Familiarity with earthmoving
equipment suitable for surface mining reclamation can be gained through review of
equipment production and cost-estimating guides available from firms such as Terex,
Caterpillar, Komatsu, and others. The estimator, once familiar with the uses and
capabilities of various pieces of earthmoving equipment, will be faced with the task of
comparing two or more combinations of equipment to determine which is the most
efficient for the reclamation task at hand.
EARTHMOVING EQUIPMENT
I. Track-type Tractors
Bulldozers outfitted with either semi-universal or universal (reclamation) blades for
backfilling and rough grading and straight blades for final or contour grading, are
normally appropriate for reclamation activities requiring dozers. In choosing a
particular dozer, the estimator must consider the volume of material to be handled, the
space available to maneuver the machine and any size restrictions needed because of
the quality of the access roads to the site.
Additionally, dozers can be equipped with a ripper for breakage of consolidated
material prior to dozing. The seismic velocity of material may be used to determine
whether the material can be ripped. However, because this information is rarely
available in permit applications, stratigraphic information from borehole logs and cross-
sections must be used. Most shales, siltstones, interbedded shale and sandstone, and
thin-bedded limestone can be ripper with the larger ripper-equipped dozers. However,
thick-bedded sandstone, limestone, or conglomerate formations would probably require
blasting.
C-I 04/05/00
Other reclamation tasks in which rippers are often employed include ripping of the
subbase of road and facility areas to eliminate vehicle compaction prior to topsoil
replacement. Reclamation plans also require contour ripping of backfill areas prior to
topsoil replacement to improve soil cohesion on slopes and/or reduce compaction. In
order to achieve the necessary post-mine land use deep (3 to 4 feet) ripping may be
required in areas where prime farmland soils are replaced. This compaction
elimination allows the necessary root penetration for agricultural crops such as corn
and is especially if scrapers are used in replacement of the rooting medium. This
ripping activity is conducted with large bulldozers pulling specialty rippers and the
reclamation is often estimated on a per-acre basis.
II. Trucks
Most reclamation tasks requiring off-highway trucks can be accomplished with trucks
having capacities of 35 tons (26 cubic yards) to 150 tons (100 cubic yards). Larger off-
road trucks are available with greater capacities. However, these larger trucks are not
commonly used in bond forfeiture site reclamation. As with dozers and loaders,
selection of trucks is based on the amount of material to be handled and the space
available to maneuver the truck. Generally, trucks similar to these used by the operator
are the largest that can be selected because of limitations of haul road capabilities.
Bottom dump haul trucks should be considered for spreading large volumes of subsoil
material needed to reclaim surface mines especially in prime farmland areas where the
hauls are of 10,000 feet or more and prevention of soil compaction is critical (see
Figure C-1 ).
The graph shown in Figure C-2 can be used to estimate speed limits for off-highway
trucks with favorable grades and good conditions (firm, smooth roadways with low
rolling resistance). When the grade is not favorable (total resistance is a positive
number) speed limits are not imposed. For example, for a loaded truck with a (-) 4%
total resistance (grade plus rolling resistance), the maximum safe speed would be 35
mph. In comparison, for an empty vehicle with the same favorable grade, the maximum
safe speed would be 40 mph.
Figure C-3 can be used to estimate speed limits for off-highway trucks required for safe
operation on curves. Based on the road design and the curvature of the turn, the
limiting speed can be applied to the curve segment of the haul. If the coefficient of
friction and super-elevation are not known, the most conservative curve should be used
(coefficient of friction = 0.1 and super-elevation = 0).
C-2 04/05/00
Figure C-1 - Application Zones for Representative Reclamation Equipment
Q)
u
c
n:I_
1n-
-c
(l)Q)
G.lu
a:: ...
g,Q)
c:Q.
._" '-'
'0
a:
10
8
6
4
2
0
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
Elevating
Scrapers
End Dump
Trucks
Bottom Dump
Trucks
Haul Distance - One Way
(Feet)
Conditions:
Note:
Adapted From
International Harvester, 1975
4% Rolling ReSistance
0% Grade Resistance
Haul - 12 M.P.H. Max.
Return - 15 M.P.H. Max.
Total Resistance Less
1 Than 10% Will Have Litlle
Effect on Economic Point
O L - - - L - - - ~ - - ~ = = = C = = = c ~ ~ = = ~ ~ ~ ~
200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600
Caterpillar Tractor Co., used to
illustrate equipment class and
does nol imply endorsement by
the Office 01 Surface Mining
Reclamation and En10rcement
Haul Distance - One Way
(Feet)
C-3
Adapted From
Haley. 1974
04/05/00
- - - - - ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

..

I
,.
~
-U
0
..
• »
Figure C-2 - Safe Downhill Speeds for Off-Highway Equipment.
so
40
30
20
10
o 2
S.f. Speed vs Favorable Gr.de
for Off-Hlghwa, Trucks
I
I
I
LOADED VEHICLE
..
,

10 12
11
Source: Vehicle Simulation (VEHSIM) Program User Manual, page E-1, Caterpillar,
Inc., 1993.
C-4 04/05/00
Figure C-3 - Safe Speeds for Off-Highway Equipment on Curved Road Segments
l-
II

Ii.
I

:.
- Q
~
tIC
Required Haul Road Radius
vs
Vehicle Velocity
.. 1 - - - - - - - - - - 4 - - - - - - - - - - + ~ - - - - - - ~ ~ - - - - ~ - - ~
I
· ~ - - - - - - - - - - ~ - - - - ~ ~ ~ - - ~ ~ - - ~ - - - - - - - - - - ~
-

-

1. - - - - - - - - - - ~ ~ ~ - - ~ ~ ~ ' - - - - - - - _ + - - - - - - - - - - ~
o 10 20
vaoclTY- .....
Source: Vehicle Simulation (VEHSIM) User Program Manual, page F-2, Caterpillar,
Inc., 1993 •
C-5 04/05/00
III. Excavators
Because of their ability to excavate solid bank material--such as shaley bedrock and
compacted fill material--and to work in confined areas, there are certain applications
where hydraulic excavators may substitute for wheel loaders. Two types of excavators
are used, the front excavator shovel and the backhoe. The front shovel is used to
excavate above-grade material while the hydraulic backhoe will excavate below grade.
Both machines are useful in reclamation where backfill material must be obtained from
the solid bank state or a compacted fill. Backhoes also are useful in cleaning sediment
from diversion ditches and siltation structures. The estimator must be careful to ensure
that the excavator matches the haul trucks to be used so that excavator loading cycles
are minimized.
IV. Scrapers
Scrapers are used for some reclamation activities. Maneuvering space and the volume
of material to be moved will dictate the size of the scraper to be selected. If push-pull
scrapers are used in pairs, no pushers will be required. However, where large scraper
fleets are employed or pusher dozer tasks, such as site cleanup, are available to fill
wait times, the non-push-pull scrapers/push dozers combination may be more
productive.
Conventional (single-engine) scrapers may be economically substituted for tandem-
powered units where grades and rolling resistance are low. Elevating or self-loading
scrapers may be used where soft, fine-grained, or unconsolidated materials free of
hard rock are encountered. Elevating scrapers have an advantage of working alone
without support equipment (other than haul road maintenance) and are well suited for
work requiring the flexibility to adjust to small variations in the cut and fill. They have
traditionally been used for fine or finish grading. Tandem-powered scrapers can be
operated independently if the materials loaded are soft and loading is downhill.
However, due to the earthmover's inability to completely fill the bowl in this mode of
operation, capacity should be reduced by one-third. When selecting auxiliary
equipment, the estimator must determine the requirements for dozer pushers. There
must be a match between the scraper selected, the dozer used, and the style of push-
loading. Generally, track dozers are used as pushers.
Safety speed limitations presented in Figures C-2 and C-3 should also be applied to
the downhill and road curve haulage segments.
C-6 04/05/00
V. Motor Graders
Motor graders (motor patrols) can be used in a wide variety of reclamation tasks, but
they are used primarily for haul road maintenance. In some instances, it may be cost-
effective to use a grader as a substitute for a track dozer for final grading, light leveling
work, and diversion ditch construction. Graders used for surface mining can be
equipped with a rear-mounted ripper or scarifier.
EQUIPMENT SELECTION OVERVIEW
When making the initial decision about what types of equipment -- for example, dozers
versus scrapers--are needed for each earthmoving activity, the estimator should refer
to Worksheet 3, the Material Handling Plan Summary Sheet. If the one-way haul
distance is less than 500 feet, bulldozers of appropriate size will be the optimum
equipment for the job in most cases. If the distance is between 500 and 1,000 feet,
then scrapers will probably be optimal, assuming underfoot conditions and operating
room allow their use and the material does not contain large boulder-size rocks. For
distances over 1,000 feet, off-road trucks with compatible wheel loaders or hydraulic
shovels become more efficient. Generally, as rolling resistance increases scrapers
tend to be less efficient and trucks should be used. As the distance increases to a
mile, truck-loader combinations are usually optimal.
After the type of equipment is initially selected, the equipment size must be determined.
To do th'is, the estimator should note the volume and characteristics of material to be
moved and the underfoot conditions. The larger pieces of equipment are more
appropriate for moving large amounts of materials. Most equipment manufacturers can
provide performance books that contain information to guide model selection. When in
doubt, select a model and calculate the cost of the job. Next, make the same
calculation using a smaller model and again using a larger model. With a little
experience, the proper type and size of equipment can usually be determined in the
first iteration. However, it is generally good practice to try another iteration with
different-sized equipment to make certain that optimal equipment has been selected.
Table C-1 lists advantages and disadvantages of earthmoving equipment typically
employed in reclamation of mine sites. Reclamation equipment can also be rated by
the suitability to perform backfilling and grading tasks and topsoil removal and
replacement (see Tables C-2 and C-3). The influence of haul distance and rolling
resistance on the proper selection of reclamation equipment is illustrated in-Figure C-1.
C-7 04/05/00
- - ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ~ ~ ~ - - - - ~ ~ - - - -
Table C-1.-Advantages and Disadvantages of Reclamation Equipment
Excavators
Wheel Loaders:
1. Can give high production.
2. Larger sizes can handle all types of material, Including large blocky material.
3. Where haul distance Is less than aoo feet, can operate Independently.
4. Have high mobility.
5. Production decreases In poor conditions.
Hydraulic Front Shovels:
1. Can give high production.
2. Can handle all types of material, Including large blocky material.
3. Usually require supporting equipment.
4. Have a limited mobility.
Hydraulic Backhoes:
1. Have the ability to dig well below and above grade (I.e., to trim an unstable hlghwall).
2. Can function In less rigid operating conditions than shovels.
3. Mayor may not require supporting equipment.
4. Are normally used for handling softer material, but larger units can perform mass
excavation of rock.
5. Have a limited mobility.
Scrapers:
1. Have excellent mobility.
2. Are limited to fairly soft and easily broken material for good production, although material
up to a 2·foot diameter can be handled.
3. Usually require either pusher tractors or a push·pull team mate for loading assistance.
4. Usually operated without supporting disposal equipment where the distance to the dump
area Is less than 1 mile.
Bulldozers:
1. Are economically limited to a push distance of 500 feet.
2. Do not require roads.
3. Production decreases rapidly as grade Increases.
4. Can operate In poor underfoot conditions.
Haulers
Rear Dump Trucks:
1. Require good roads to minimize tire costs.
2. Can negotiate steep ramps.
3. Usually economically limited to a haul distance of 3 miles.
4. Are very flexible.
5. Can handle coarse, blocky material.
C-8 04/05/00
Bottom Dump Trucks:
1. Require good roads to minimize tire costs.
2. Are fast and have a greater economic haul distance than rear dump trucks.
3. Are better suited for long, level hauls.
4. Requires free-flowing materials.
5. Can spread dumped material Into furrows, reducing disposal grading requirements.
C-9 04/05/00
Table C-2.-Reclamation Equipment Rating-Regrading and Backfilling
LEGEND

Should be considered
2 May be considered
3 May be considered under
certain conditions
4 May be
situations
1/1
Should not be considered -'"
0
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k;
L.

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0
..,
1/1
11\
0
III
L.
-l

OJ
Gl
II)
CD
"0
Do
"0 "0
N
0
c:: «I
cS

L.
I..LJ 0
0
,
...J
'"
+-
C -0
0 C
L L&J
u...
,
+-
c
0
L
u..
High Peaks 2 3 :5
Spoil Configuration t-bderllte Peaks 3 2
Low Peaks
50'-150' 2
150'-300'
Transport Distance 300'-500' 2 2 4
500'-1000·
3
1000'
F I at & Smooth 3
Flat & Rough 2 2
Final Surface Contour steep to Smooth 3
Steep & Rough 2
Source: I-bdlfled from Skelly and loy, 1975.
C-lO 04/05/00
~ ~ -- - - ~ ~ - ~ ~ ~ ~ . - - - - - ~ - - ~ - - ~ - -------------
Table C-3.--Reclamation Equipment Rating-Topsoil Removal and Replacement
LEGEND
I Should be considered
111
2 May be considered
L
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fJ
3 M ~ y be considered under
L
v
certain conditions
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4 f4ay be cons I dered--spec I ~ I
0
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situations
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." U
U ..,
- Should not be considered 10
en
L
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L
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L
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L
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0
~
."
+ 4>
." III
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>
1
111
0
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....
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-
- a..
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+ W
:J > "0
c:::
a...
.c
0 c:
0
+
.c
ILl
L
-
(/)
1
1L.. ::s
+
c:
0
L
1L..
0
'
-21 I I I I I - I
Topsoil Thickness 2'-5' I / I I I 4 I
(Removal)
0-300' I I 2 2 I - -
300'-500' 2 2 / I I
- -
Hau/ Distance 500'-1000'
- -
I I / 4 :3
1000'-1500' - -
I I I 4 2
/500'-5000'
- - 2 2 2 4 I
Source: Modified from Skel Iy ~ n d Loy, 1975.
Skelly and Loy, "Economic Engineering Analysis of U.S. Surface Coal Mines and Effective Land
Reclamation," U.S. Bureau of Mines Contract Report No. S0241 049, 1975.
C-ll 04/05/00
Handbook for the Calculation of Reclamation Bond Amounts
Insert Page - Appendix C
The sources listed in Appendix C for Figures C-2 and C-3 are no longer available.
Current source information is listed below. The figures have not changed.
Figure C-2 Safe Downhill Speed for Off-Highway Equipment. Source: Caterpillar Inc.
Fleet Production and Cost AnalysiS (FPC) users manual, Appendix D, Page 104,
Illustration 1.
Figure C-3 Safe Speeds for Off-Highway Equipment on Curved Road Segments.
Source: Caterpillar Inc. Fleet Production and Cost Analysis (FPC) users manual,
Appendix E, Page 106, Illustration 1.
C-12
APPENDIX D
CALCULATION OF BOND AMOUNTS FOR LONG-TERM
TREATMENT OF POLLUTIONAL DISCHARGES
04/05/00
---------- ~ - ~ - - - ~ ~ - - ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ -
APPENDIX D
CALCULATION OF BOND AMOUNTS FOR LONG-TERM
TREATMENT OF POLLUTIONAL DISCHARGES
The March 31, 1997, acid mine drainage statement calls for the approval of only
those permit applications where the operation is designed to prevent off-site
material damage to the hydrologic balance and minimize both on- and off-site
disturbances to the hydrologic balance. The policy emphasizes that in no case
should a permit be approved if the determination of probable hydrologic
consequences or other reliable hydrologic analysis predicts the formation of a
postmining pollutional discharge that would require continuing long-term
treatment without a defined endpoint.
However, the policy also recognizes that unanticipated discharges will develop on
occasion despite the use of the best science available. In these situations, the
policy requires that the permittee post sufficient financial assurance to cover all
foreseeable long-term treatment costs. This assurance may take the form of a
conventional bond, a trust fund, or other appropriate instrument that meets the
requirements of 30 CFR Part 800.
Costs associated with long-term treatment of pollutional discharges include the
capital costs to replace the treatment system, operation and maintenance costs,
sampling and analysis costs, labor costs, and an allowance for contingencies.
The following items are an example of what may be included in a procedure to
calculate the amount of bond required to cover these costs.
1. Evaluate all available hydrologic and geologic data to estimate treatment
needs and horizons. Collect additional data if necessary.
2. Determine the average operating life of the treatment facility (conventional
or passive) and the capital costs of replacing that facility (a chemical
treatment plant or wetland, for example).
3. Determine the annual operating and maintenance costs of the treatment
system. For passive systems, these costs would include berm and channel
repair expenses.
4. Determine annual monitoring costs (periodic inspection of treatment
systems and analysis of effluent samples). Inspection and sampling
D-1 04/05/00
r
------ -------- - - - - - - - - - , ~ - - ~ - - - ~ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
frequencies will vary with the type of system and quality of influent, as will
the parameters monitored.
5. Calculate the present value of the capital costs of replacing the treatment
facility at the end of its useful life. More than one replacement may be
necessary.
6. Calculate the present value of annual operation and maintenance costs for
the entire period during which treatment will likely be necessary.
7. Calculate the present value of annual monitoring costs (sample collection
and analysis) for the entire period during which treatment will likely be
necessary.
8. Establish a reasonable contingency factor for unexpected events and cost
overruns.
9. Identify the actuarial equations used in Steps 5 through 7 and the basis for
the interest and inflation rates selected.
INFORMATION SOURCES
Research publications from universities (such as West Virginia University and
Pennsylvania State University), the National Mine Land Reclamation Center, the
former U.S. Bureau of Mines and its successor, the Federal Energy Technology
Center, and the Tennessee Valley Authority may prove helpful in determining
treatment system capital and operation and maintenance costs. In addition, the
permittee may be willing to provide historical treatment cost data for the site in
question or other mines.
0-2 04/05/00
APPENDIX E
METRIC CONVERSION TABLE
04/05/00
APPENDIXE
METRIC CONVERSION TABLE
Approximate Conversions to Metric Measures
Symbol
When You Know Multi I B
To Find
Symbol
Number of P y Y
Number of
LENGTH
10 inches 2.54 (exact) centimeters cm
ft feet 30 centimeters cm
yd yards 0.9 meters m
ml miles 1.6 kilometers km
AREA
. ~
square inches 6.5
square
cm
2
.,..u.
1 O ~
centimeters
ft2
square feet 0.09 square meters m
2
yd
2
square yards 0.8 square meters m
2
m? square miles . 2.6
square
km
2
kilometers
acres 0.4 hectares ha
WEIGHT (mass)
oz ounces 28 grams g
lb pounds 0.45 kilograms kg
short tons 0.9 metric tons t
(2000 pounds)
E - 1

Appendix C - Guidance for Equipment Selection - was updated to reflect current information. Appendix D - Calculation of Bond Amounts for Long-Term Treatment of PoilutionaI Discharges - was added. Appendix E - Metric Conversion Table - was added. 3. DEFINITIONS. None. 4. POLICYIPROCEDURES. a. Policy. (1) OSM personnel must use the Handbook, established by this Directive, when calculating bonds or determining bond amounts under a Federal program, Federal lands program or whenever OSM issues a permit for surface coal mining operations. (2) OSM personnel may use the Handbook during oversight of approved State programs as a technical guide when assessing the adequacy of bonds. However, such use is limited to that approved in oversight procedures and guidance. The Handbook must not be used to compel States to adhere to the methods in the Handbook. b. Responsibilities. (1) The Assistant Director, Program Support, is responsible for developing and maintaining the Handbook. (2) The Regional Directors are responsible for ensuring use of the Handbook in the assessment of bond adequacy as part of the Federal permitting process. The Handbook may be used as a guide during oversight of approved State programs. c. Procedures. Procedures to calculate bonds are contained in the Handbook. Revisions/modifications to the Handbook will be made as needed using the Directives System process. 5. REPORTING REQUIREMENTS. None. 6. REFERENCES. a. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA), Sections 509 and 519. b. 30 CFR Part 800.

2

Directive TSR - 1

c. OSM Policy Statement - "Policy Goals and Objectives on Correcting, Preventing and Controlling Acid/Toxic Mine Drainage," March 31, 1997. 7. EFFECT ON OTHER DOCUMENTS. The Handbook supersedes all other OSM guides for determining bond amounts where OSM is the regulatory authority, including prior versions of TSR-l, Transmittal Number 360, dated 07/21187 and related change notice TSR-l-l, Transmittal Number 758, dated 1113/93. 8. EFFECTIVE DATE. Upon Issuance. 9. CONTACT. Program Support Directorate, (202) 208-4264.

10. KEYWORDS. Performance Bond, Bond Calculation, Bond Release.

3

Directive TSR - 1

HANDBOOK
for

Calculation
of

Reclamation Bond Amounts

Revised April 2000

......... Project Management Fee ......................... 22 II...... ..... ........ 13 Haul Distance Estimates . AND PHASE BONDS ............ 1 STATUTORY AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS .. Materials Handling Plan (Worksheet 3) .......... ............ ......................................... .......... ..... Structure Demolition and Disposal (Worksheet 2) .................... Earthmoving (Worksheets 3 through 13) ........... 5 METHODOLOGY ..... 23 III........... 31 04/05/00 .. 23 IV........ 1 BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE ..... 18 IV..... 12 A...... ................ 25 CHAPTER 3: SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR CALCULATION OF INCREMENTAL.......... ......... ....................... .................... 9 STEP 1: DETERMINE POINT OF MAXIMUM RECLAMATION COST LIABILITY ...................................... Contingency Allowances ...... 14 Grade Estimates .......... 7 CHAPTER 2: BOND CALCULATION PROCEDURES . 15 C. 11 II................ Profit and Overhead ................................................... ... ..iv CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION .................................... ........ 12 B........................ ..................... ......... 19 STEP 3: ADJUST DIRECT COSTS FOR INFLATION .................. 12 Material Volume Estimates ............................... 27 CHAPTER 4: BOND RELEASE . CUMULATIVE.... 3 ASSUMPTIONS ..... .... .. Equipment Productivity and Costs (Worksheets 5 through 13) . Revegetation (Worksheet 14) ................................................................. ......................... 24 V.... Other Direct Reclamation Costs (Worksheet 15) . .. 9 STEP 2: ESTIMATE DIRECT RECLAMATION COSTS ....... ........ Engineering Redesign Costs .. . ......................... 17 III........ 22 I........... 10 I..... 6 DATA SOURCES ......... 14 Equipment Selection .... ........ 25 STEP 5: CALCULATE THE TOTAL PERFORMANCE BOND AMOUNT .... Introduction .. 21 STEP 4: ESTIMATE INDIRECT RECLAMATION COSTS ............TABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE ..................................................... Mobilization and Demobilization ......

... . . .... . .................... . ..... ........ . ... .. . ... A-21 Worksheet 18 Summary Sheet for Determining the Remaining Bond Following Phase II Release ...... A-20 Worksheet 17 Summary Sheet for Determining the Remaining Bond Following Phase I Release ......... .. .... .. . A-8 Worksheet 7 Productivity and Hours Required for Ripper-Equipped Dozer Use ..... A-19 Worksheet 16 Reclamation Bond Summary Sheet .. ..... .1 Project Management Fee .. A-6 Worksheet 5 Productivity and Hours Required for Dozer Use ......... .... . ............. .... Haul Back Example . .. ........... ................. .... ..... .. .... ....... ... A-9 Worksheet 8 Productivity and Hours Required for Loader Use ............. A-13 Worksheet 11 B Productivity of Dozer Push-Loaded Scraper Use ...... ... 2.....2 APPENDIX A: BOND CALCULATION WORKSHEETS Bond Amount Computation . ...... . ..... ...... ...... ....... ...... . . . ..... ..... . ... ..... .. . . A-16 Worksheet 13 Summary Calculation of Earthmoving Costs . ........ A-10 Worksheet 9 Productivity and Hours Required for Truck Use .... ... ................. A-1 Worksheet 1 Description of the Worst Case Reclamation Scenario ..... .. .... . Mountain Top Removal Example .... ....... . .. ... ...... . ...... .... A-11 Worksheet 10 Productivity for Hydraulic Excavator Use (Backhoe or Power Shovel) ...... A-2 Worksheet 2 Structure Demolition and Disposal Costs ....... ..... ............. . ....... A-3 Worksheet 3 Material Handling Plan Summary . ........ .......... 35 GRAPHS: Graph 1 Graph 2 Profit and Overhead .. Graph ....... .. .. .. . 3..... ....... ..... .... ....... .... .. .. A-7 Worksheet 6 Productivity and Hours Required for Dozer Use--Grading . Graph ......... . . ... . A-5 Worksheet 4B Earthwork Quantity (Explanation) ..... .. ... 4... .... .. ....... . . Underground Example ..... . ii 04/05/00 B1-1 B2-1 B3-1 B4-1 .... .... ... .. ....... A-12 Worksheet 11 A Productivity of Push-Pull or Self-Loading Scraper Use ... ... ....... ....... ... . ..... . Dragline Example .... .. ...... A-14 Worksheet 12 Productivity and Hours Required for Motor grader Use . . . . ....... A-4 Worksheet 4A Earthwork Quantity (Chart) ........ .. .. ..... .. ............ A-17 Worksheet 14 Revegetation Costs ............ .... .............. A-23 APPENDIX B: EXAMPLES 1. A-18 Worksheet 15 Other Reclamation Activity Costs ........ . ... ..~ ~-~~--~-~-- REFERENCES CITED .. ............ .. ...

..... Figure C-2 Safe Downhill Speeds for Off-Highway Equipment .................................... C-8 Reclamation Equipment Rating--Regrading and Backfilling .............................. Figure C-1 Application Zones for Representative Reclamation Equipment ............................ D-1 APPENDIX E: METRIC CONVERSION TABLE .5........................ E-1 iii 04/05/00 .... Figure C-3 Safe Speeds for Off-Highway Equipment on Curved Road Segments ......................................... Table C-1 Table C-2 Table C-3 C-1 C-3 C-4 C-5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Reclamation Equipment ................................................... B5-1 APPENDIX C: GUIDANCE FOR EQUIPMENT SELECTION ......................... C-11 APPENDIX D: CALCULATION OF BOND AMOUNTS FOR LONG-TERM TREATMENT OF POLLUTIONAL DISCHARGES .......... Processing Plant Example .. C-10 Reclamation Equipment Rating--Topsoil Removal and Replacement .....

which was developed by an OSM work group comprised of representatives from each region and headquarters. The mention of trade names of commercial equipment and products in this Handbook is for illustrative purposes only and does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by OSM. and training was provided to the Indonesian environmental agency on its use. The current version. many individuals have attended OSM's bonding workshop on cost estimation. Denver. TN Program Support. CO Western Region. contains substantial updates and revisions in response to management direction and user recommendations.S. users should be familiar with standard engineering principles. Denver. Washington. Alton.gov for current contact information. DC Please consult the directory located on OSM's Home Page at http://www. Also. Several other Federal agencies. Because the Handbook relies upon standard engineering cost-estimating procedures to develop site-specific costs for each reclamation activity. and states with non-coal mining use the Handbook as an organized approach to cost estimation. with minor revisions in 1993. iv 04/05/00 . Handbook users are encouraged to submit suggested revisions to OSM work group members for consideration in future editions. and construction cost reference manuals. Members and the OSM offices they represent are: Paul Behum Victoria Bryan Eugene Hay Karen Jass David Lane Dennis Rice Ruth Stokes Mid-Continent Region. IL Western Region. and Canada have requested and received copies of the Handbook. OSM first adopted the Handbook as policy guidance in 1987. Washington. CO Knoxville Field Office.osmre. numerous companies in the coal industry. equipment productivity guidebooks.PREFACE This Handbook establishes a technically sound. DC Program Support. the coal-producing states. Consulting engineers in both the U. consistent methodology to calculate the amount of performance bond required for surface coal mining operations under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA or the Act) when the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM) is the regulatory authority. Denver. CO Western Region.

11 (b) and (c).11. The performance bond provides a guarantee that funds will be available to the regulatory authority to complete the approved reclamation plan in the event that the permittee fails to do so.1S(c). Since neither SMCRA nor the Federal regulations require adherence to a specific methodology.CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE One of the major purposes of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA or the Act) is to ensure adequate reclamation of all areas disturbed by surface coal mining operations. This Handbook establishes a bond calculation methodology for use when OSM is the regulatory authority. See 30 CFR 800. See 30 CFR 800.1S(d). See 30 CFR 773. prior to permit issuance. State regulatory authorities are free to use the Handbook or any other method of bond calculation that results in the establishment of performance bond amounts that meet all regulatory program requirements. including: • Determination of the amount of bond initially required for permit issuance. the applicant file a performance bond with the regulatory authority in an amount determined by the regulatory authority. See 30 CFR 800. Determination of the amount of bond required before mining advances into any succeeding increments (under incremental bonding) or operational stages (under cumulative bonding) of the permit area. This Handbook applies to all situations involving the calculation or recalculation of reclamation costs when OSM is the regulatory authority.1S(d) and 800. 1 04/05/00 • • • . Determination of any decrease in the amount of bond that may be approved as a result of a change in the operation plan that reduces the future cost of reclaiming mined land. Section S09 of the Act and its implementing regulations at 30 CFR Part 800 require that. Determination of any increases in bond required as a result of a permit revision that alters the calculations or assumptions underlying the reclamation cost estimate for the existing permit and bond.

but only after making necessary Statespecific modifications such as replacement of Davis-Bacon wage rates with whatever rates apply under State law. Determination of the amount of bond that must be posted to guarantee treatment if an unanticipated pollutional postmining discharge requiring long-term treatment develops. if a State regulatory authority uses the Handbook or a variation thereof to calculate bond amounts.1S(c)(1)(i). The mention of trade names of commercial equipment and products in this Handbook is for illustrative purposes only and does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by OSM." • • • • In addition. However. See 30 CFR B00. Determination of the amount of bond that must be posted to guarantee correction of material damage from subsidence or replacement of a water supply damaged by underground mining. 1997. evaluation of bond adequacy at the time of mid-term permit review or as part of the process of reviewing requests for temporary cessation of operations. See 30 CFR 774. See OS M' s March 31. 2 04/05/00 . Determination of the amount of bond to be retained at the time of Phase I or Phase II bond release. as authorizing an evaluation of bond adequacy at that time. users should be familiar with standard engineering principles. Unless the renewal application also includes a request for a permit revision. See 30 CFR B17. equipment productivity guidebooks. when read in conjunction with BOO. statement entitled "Policy Goals and Objectives on Correcting.1S(b)(2)(iii) and (c)(1 )(v). and construction cost reference manuals. At the discretion of the regulatory authority.40(c). the rules do not expressly require this evaluation.• Evaluation of bond adequacy at the time of permit renewal. Preventing and Controlling AcidlToxic Mine Drainage. When conducting oversight in States that do not rely upon the Handbook to calculate bond amounts. Because the Handbook relies upon standard engineering cost-estimating procedures to develop site-specific costs for each reclamation activity.121(c)(S). OSM may use the Handbook to conduct oversight evaluations of bond adequacy. OSM may use the Handbook as a tool to estimate reclamation costs. the regulatory authority may reasonably interpret 30 CFR 774.4(g).

14(b) require that the applicant file a bond in an amount sufficient to cover the cost of reclamation in accordance with the approved plan should the regulatory authority have to perform the reclamation in the event of bond forfeiture. the regulatory authority has the discretion (but not the obligation) to accept a separate bond or bonds for each phase of reclamation as defined in 30 CFR 800.11 (a). Under 30 CFR 800. Incremental and cumulative bonds are similar in that the permittee or permit applicant initially posts bond for only part of the proposed operation within the permit area.11 (b)(1). The permittee must file any additional bond or bonds required for each successive stage of the operation or increment of the permit area before beginning that stage of the operation or disturbing that increment of the permit area (30 CFR 800. Section 509(a) of the Act and its implementing regulations at 30 CFR 800.11 (b)(2). incremental. and (c)). Under 30 CFR 773. the bond or bonds must cover either the entire permit area or an identified increment of land within the permit area upon which the operator will initiate and conduct surface coal mining operations during the initial term of the permit. as part of the permit application.13(a)(2).11 (d)(2). each bond applies only to a specific increment of the permit area. while under the cumulative method each bond applies to the entire permit area even though the permittee may be authorized to disturb only a specified portion of the permit area.11 (d)(1).STATUTORY AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS Section 507(d) of SMCRA requires each applicant to submit. According to 30 CFR 800. under the incremental method. As provided in 30 CFR 800. a permit applicant must file a bond or bonds before the regulatory authority may issue a permit. 3 04/05/00 . (b)(4). a reclamation plan in sufficient detail to demonstrate compliance with the reclamation standards of the applicable regulatory program. the permit application must identify the amount of bond required for the land to be disturbed by each stage of the operation (when using cumulative bonding) or increment of the permit area (when using incremental bonding). a permit applicant's choice of bonding scheme (entire permit area. Under both the cumulative and the incremental methods.15(d) and 800. Under 30 CFR 800. or cumulative) is subject to regulatory authority approval. However. (b)(3). independent increments must be of sufficient size and configuration to provide for efficient reclamation operations should bond forfeiture occur. Under 30 CFR 800. the applicant also has the option of filing a cumulative bond.11 (b)(4).40(c).

Under 30 CFR 800. technological advances that reduce the unit costs of reclamation.40. the regulatory authority must determine the amount of the bond based upon: • • The requirements of the approved permit and reclamation plan. any bond reduction requested as a result of reclamation work performed must be processed as an application for bond release under 30 CFR 800. See 48 FR 3294445. However. geology. A bond reduction under 30 CFR 800.15 and section 509(e) of SMCRA. and an alteration in the postmining land use that reduces reclamation costs. Situations that qualify for bond reduction through the bond adjustment process include deletion of undisturbed acreage from the permit area (unless deletion of the acreage would not lower the maximum reclamation cost liability for the permit or increment). 4 04/05/00 . Completion of reclamation activities such as backfilling or topsoil replacement does not qualify as a change in the cost of future reclamation. changes in the mining plan (such as a decision not to remove the lowest coal seam) that result in an operation of more limited extent than originally approved and bonded. The probable difficulty of completing reclamation.000. July 19. The permittee must apply for bond release to obtain a bond reduction under these circumstances. • Paragraph (b) of 30 CFR 800.14 requires that the bond amount be sufficient to ensure completion of the reclamation plan if the work has to be performed by the regulatory authority in the event of forfeiture. 1983. although the regulatory authority is not limited by this estimate. and revegetation. giving consideration to factors such as topography. hydrology. In no case may the bond amount be less than $10. the regulatory authority must re-evaluate bond adequacy and adjust bond amounts as appropriate whenever the permit acreage increases or decreases or the cost of future reclamation changes.14(a).Under 30 CFR 800. and The applicant's estimate of the cost of completing the reclamation plan.15(c) must be justified solely upon a demonstration that the reclamation cost estimates that form the basis for the existing bond amount are no longer valid for reasons other than the performance of reclamation work.

whenever unanticipated pollutional discharges requiring longterm treatment develop. abating. evaluating. replacing. the regulatory authority must conduct a bond adequacy review whenever the approved permit is revised. the regulatory authority must recalculate reclamation costs to determine how much bond to retain and how much. after conducting the inspection and evaluation required by 30 CFR B00. ASSUMPTIONS The Handbook's bond calculation methodology assumes that: • The bond amount will reflect the cost of engaging a third-party contractor to complete the reclamation plan. Both requirements apply only if the permittee fails to correct the damage within a specified time and the damage is not fully covered by the permittee's liability insurance policy. Under section 519(c) of the Act and 30 CFR B00. The same requirement applies to subsidence-related material damage to surface lands and to certain drinking. the amount of bond remaining after each of the first two phases must be sufficient to assure completion of remaining reclamation obligations. acid mine drainage policy statement clarifies that the performance bond or an equivalent form of financial assurance must be adequate to ensure completion of the hydrologic reclamation plan approved in the permit. In essence. domestic.15(d). 5 04/05/00 . and treating those discharges to the extent necessary to avoid causing material damage to the hydrologic balance. 1997. may be released. However. The regulatory authority must require adjustment of the bond amount to reflect any increase in reclamation costs resulting from the permit revision. the regulatory authority may reduce bond amounts in accordance with a phased release schedule as reclamation is completed.40(b)(1). the regulatory authority must adjust the bond amount (or require equivalent financial assurance) to cover all future costs of monitoring. Under 30 CFR B17.Under 30 CFR BOO.121 (c)(5). or providing compensation for material damage to protected structures when the damage is a result of subsidence caused by underground mining operations. or residential water supplies adversely impacted by underground mining operations. if any. OSM's March 31. which means that.40(c). Finally. the regulatory authority must require the permittee to obtain additional performance bond to cover the costs of repairing.

Calculating the bond amount in this manner should ensure the availability of adequate reclamation funds at all times during the life of the operation. and revegetation costs. earthmoving. • • • • METHODOLOGY The methodology in this Handbook reflects standard construction industry costestimating procedures for determining demolition." i. hourly rates and other costs used in the examples in Appendix B are taken from the sources referenced throughout this document.15. which are the most significant elements of the reclamation cost estimate. The regulatory authority will routinely reevaluate bond adequacy and require bond adjustments as authorized or mandated by 30 CFR 800. 6 04/05/00 .e. under the reclamation and operation plans approved as part of the permit. the regulatory authority must require a permit revision and adjust the bond amount to include any additional reclamation costs. permit conditions. The reclamation and operation plans submitted as part of the permit application and any special permit conditions imposed by the regulatory authority will serve as the basis for determining the amount of performance bond required. The permittee will be in compliance with the approved reclamation and operation plans. and Total bond amounts are rounded to three significant digits. and performance standards at all times.~~-~----------------------- • The bond amount will reflect the "worst case scenario.. Rounding was applied in preparing the examples as follows: • • Equipment productivity hours are rounded to the nearest hour. The initial calculation of bond amounts will not include remediation costs for events such as acid mine drainage and landslides that are not antiCipated in the approved permit or reclamation plan. it will consider but not rely upon cost estimates supplied by the permit applicant. the cost of reclaiming the site if the permittee forfeits the bond at the point of maximum reclamation cost liability. Equipment productivity data. Should an unanticipated event occur. The regulatory authority will independently calculate reclamation cost estimates.

Inc. and postmining land use considerations (such as retention of roads. which are updated periodically. revegetation standards and techniques. the Tennessee Valley Authority. haul distances. and Dataquest. the Natural Resources Conservation Service (formerly the Soil Conservation Service). For example. State. ponds. scrapers. Tribal and Federal forestry and wildlife agencies. structures needed during the mining operations. Inc. and the Department of Labor for wage rates. extent of areas to be disturbed. loaders. The reclamation and operation plans in the permit or permit application provide essential information on the type of mining to be conducted. Construction cost reference manuals. Bureau of Indian Affairs. These sources may provide local costs for tasks or materials. final surface configuration. Most heavy equipment manufacturers publish guidebooks containing performance data. such as the PRIMEDIA Information. Contract and cost data from State and Federal abandoned mine land and bond forfeiture reclamation programs. these guidebooks should be used in combination with a comprehensive equipment cost reference manual. haulage vehicles. small hydraulic shovels and excavators. Equipment productivity and performance guidebooks. the sequence of mining and reclamation activities within the permit area. in addition to a variety of other information such as estimating methodologies and heavy equipment cost accounting. Equipment productivity and performance guidebooks are extremely useful when estimating earthmoving costs. spoil and topsoil handling. the Cooperative Extension Service.) Cost Reference Guide for Construction Equipment or the Contractors Equipment Cost Guide. and other structures).DATA SOURCES There are four major sources of the information needed to calculate bond amounts: • • • • The reclamation and operation plans in the permit or permit application. To calculate bond amounts. These reference manuals. the Caterpillar Performance Handbook includes data on tractors. (formerly K-III Directory Corp. provide hourly 7 04/05/00 .

which are used in the reclamation estimate. are especially useful for estimating material acquisition costs and the costs of specific reclamation tasks such as structure demolition. county. which are updated annually. Means Heavy Construction Cost Data. construction type and wage number. labor costs for equipment operation must reflect Davis-Bacon wage rates as established by the Department of Labor.. Any wage rates provided by the Department of Labor. only use "bare cost" data from the reference manuals. also publishes construction-related cost data including Means Building Construction Cost Data. Inc. Means Company. S. and Means Site Work and Landscape Cost Data. should be documented to include the date.ownership and non-wage operating costs for a wide range of heavy equipment. Because the Handbook provides for a separate determination of profit and overhead (see Chapter 2 and Worksheet 16). state. These reference manuals. Bare costs do not include profit and overhead. Means guides contain an extensive array of line-item costs for building construction. Because all contracts awarded by OSM to reclaim lands for which it is the regulatory authority are direct Federal contracts. The R. 8 04/05/00 .

Adjust direct costs for inflation. STEP 1: DETERMINE POINT OF MAXIMUM RECLAMATION COST LIABILITY Since this is the most important step in the cost-estimating procedure. Estimate direct reclamation costs such as earthmoving. redesign expenses (including surveying. the number of factors present. • • • Appendix A contains worksheets for the orderly completion and documentation of each step. including contractor and equipment mobilization and demobilization charges. aerial photography.CHAPTER 2 BOND CALCULATION PROCEDURES There are five major steps in the bond calculation process: • • Determine the point of maximum reclamation cost liability. complete Worksheet 1 only after carefully studying the operation and reclamation plans in the permit application. contingency allowances. topsoil placement. Generally. and the operation and reclamation plans. Appendix E contains a metric conversion table for use when permitting information is submitted in metric units. and the removal and demolition of structures not to be retained as part of the postmining land use. profit and overhead. and contract management fees. and monitoring in support of this effort). Appendix B provides examples of completed worksheets. This point will differ for each operation depending on the nature and complexity of the operation. and revegetation. 9 04/05/00 . Estimate indirect reclamation costs. Calculate the total bond amount. revegetation. the greatest reclamation cost liability occurs at the point in the permit term at which one or more of the following conditions exist: • The greatest area of disturbance or the greatest area requiring final grading.

this is the point at which coal extraction from the lowest coal seam is complete. most of the overburden removed to that point has been placed in excess spoil fills. pond and road reclamation. and little or no backfilling has occurred. For multiple-seam mining operations. • • • • As with all engineering estimates. difficult topographic situations. The greatest number of on-site structures. final grading. Maximum disturbance of areas with special reclamation needs or special materials handling plans. This section describes how to estimate the cost of each of these activities. Revegetation. including the removal of mining-related buildings and other structures and facilities that are not approved for retention as part of the postmining land use. spoil ridge reduction. references. highwall elimination. other tasks such as sealing mine portals and pumping and treating impounded water may be necessary as part of the reclamation process. STEP 2: ESTIMATE DIRECT RECLAMATION COSTS Reclamation of most surface coal mining operations includes the following sequence of activities: • Structure demolition and disposal. or underground mine workings that must be sealed.-------------------------------------------------- • The largest volume of material to be backfilled and graded to establish suitable postmining contours. Earthmoving. 10 04/05/00 . and topSOil replacement. such as sites with prime farmland soils. • • In addition. the bond calculation should be supported by documentation of all assumptions. The point at which refuse piles require the largest amount of cover material. The longest haul distance between spoil or topsoil storage areas and the final placement location. including backfilling and rough grading. acidic or toxic materials. and data sources. final pit elimination.

Because there is no reasonable means of predicting whether equipment and supplies or other materials with potential resale value will be left on site at the time of bond forfeiture. 11 04/05/00 . With respect to the reclamation of roads that are not approved for retention as part of the postmining land use. crushers. foundations. landfill disposal fees. fences. the regulations require the reclamation of all haul and access roads and the removal and disposal of all mining-related buildings. avoid data that incorporate overhead and profit. Structure Demolition and Disposal (Worksheet 2) With the exception of structures approved for retention as part of the postmining land use. do not allow credit for the salvage value of building materials or abandoned equipment and supplies. or crushed stone) in the backfill. removal of a structure means demolition of the structure. all structure demolition cost estimates must include transportation expenses. Below-grade foundations and buried utilities may be left in place when compatible with the approved postmining land use. coal storage bunkers and silos. and other costs associated with the disposal of demolition debris in an approved solid waste disposal facility. as well as any road-surfacing materials that are incompatible with the postmining land use or revegetation requirements. utilities. storage facilities for equipment and supplies. and other similar structures within the permit area. Use Worksheet 2 and appropriate reference manuals such as the Means guides to calculate costs associated with the demolition and removal of structures. Include costs for disposal of abandoned equipment and supplies. power lines. rail spurs. gravel. When using reference manuals.I. Unless the reclamation plan documents that the pertinent solid waste disposal authority has approved on-site disposal. Other road reclamation costs such as grading and scarification are more properly included in the earthmoving and revegetation cost categories. the structure demolition cost category includes expenses associated with the removal and disposal of bridges and culverts. For cost estimation purposes. conveyor systems. The approval of the solid waste disposal authority may not be necessary for the disposal of loose road-surfacing materials (shale. The Handbook provides a different method for estimating overhead and profit (see Worksheet 16 and Graph 2).

Materials Handling Plan (Worksheet 3) Use Worksheet 3 to identify and describe each specific earthmoving activity required as a result of the configuration of the operation at the point of maximum reclamation liability. and Ripping or scarifying the regraded overburden necessary to ensure topsoil adhesion. complete Worksheets 3 through 13. placement of cover materials (especially on coal refuse disposal sites). Worksheet 3. identifies and describes each type of earthmoving activity needed at the point of anticipated maximum reclamation cost liability. pits. Worksheets 4A and 48 provide two alternatives for calculating the volumes of materials to be handled. Preparing the site for topsoil redistribution.II. and 12 04/05/00 . Backfilling consists of the mass transport of spoil to eliminate spoil piles. and topsoil redistribution. Earthmoving (Worksheets 3 through 13) A. following the instructions below and the examples in Appendix B. Introduction For most surface mining operations. using the equipment productivity and performance guidebooks listed in Chapter 1. Reconstructing stream channels. Worksheets 5 through 12 provide a means of calculating site-specific equipment productivity data for various types and models of equipment. B. grading. productivity. The determination of equipment needs. Recontouring all disturbed areas to restore appropriate drainage patterns and facilitate the postmining land use. and highwalls. Grading commonly includes: • • • • Removing diversions and siltation structures. Necessary earthmoving activities most commonly include backfilling. • • To estimate costs for earthmoving activities. Reshaping road cut-and-fill slopes. earthmoving is the major reclamation cost. the materials handling plan.

loose cubic yards (LCY). Hence. Carlson Software's SurvCADD. For example. use Worksheet 48 to estimate earthmoving needs by calculating the volume of a series of geometric shapes that resemble the difference between pre. All excavated materials settle over time. and Civil Software Design's SEDCAD programs. One cubic yard of material that has been excavated and has expanded in volume as a result of the fragmentation that occurs during excavation is 1 13 04/05/00 . Material volume is defined according to its state in the earthmoving process. mechanical compaction results in some immediate volume shrinkage. as discussed below: • Material Volume Estimates Using the reclamation and operation plans in the permit application.----------------- -~. and the types of equipment to be used. The three measures of volume are bank cubic yards (BCY).and post-reclamation topography. One cubic yard of material lying in its undisturbed. compare the pre-reclamation and post-reclamation topography of the site to determine the amount of material that must be handled. Inc's. Use standard engineering methods to calculate earthmoving volumes. Alternatively. i. haul distances and grades. the increase in volume caused by excavation. You may also determine earthmoving volumes using computer programs such as Dynamic Graphics. In addition. Document all calculations regardless of the method selected. a series of pre-reclamation and post-reclamation cross sections can be used to calculate volumes by the average-end-area method (see Worksheet 4A). Appendix B contains examples of these two approaches. earth Vision.~- costs will depend on the information provided on this worksheet. and compacted cubic yards (CCY). reducing both the void spaces and overall volume. which results in an increase in void spaces. Excavation causes fragmentation. Swell is the increase in volume resulting from a change from bank state to loose state.e. the loose volume of material required to backfill an open pit is greater than the pit void space (pit volume) because of the shrinkage and compaction of the loose backfill material that occurs during and after placement in the pit. This software is available from OSM's Technical Information System (TIPS).. geologic state is 1 BCY. Development of the materials handling plan requires determination of the volume of material to be handled..

The guides contain tables that convert rolling resistance to an equivalent percent grade for various types of road and surface conditions. Multiply the loose volume of material by the load factor to determine bank volume. they also specify swell and shrinkage factors for these materials. convert in-place volumes to be moved to loose volumes. The reclamation and operation plans in the permit application identify the type of overburden materials present within the permit area. which is the loose density divided by the bank density. • Grade Estimates Haul grades and surface conditions greatly impact equipment productivity and may limit the type of equipment that can be used. Most equipment productivity calculations are based on moving loose volumes of material. Identify the approximate centroid (surface expression of the center of mass) of each source material and its destination and determine the centroid-to-centroid distance. Generally.100 14 04/05/00 . Verify this information by comparison with swell and shrinkage factors in appropriate equipment guidebooks or other standard engineering reference materials. Most equipment productivity and performance guides express these limitations in terms of the total resistance of the haul. This calculation is necessary to estimate productivity and payloads in terms of bank cubic yards (BCY).LCY. Therefore. determine haul distances for each area where backfilling. grading. =(100 + load factor) . topsoil replacement. Some equipment manuals refer to a load factor. Use the following equation to determine the swell factor using a load factor: Swell Factor • Haul Distance Estimates Using the reclamation and operation plans in the permit application (including designated haul roads and routes). which is the sum of the rolling resistance and grade resistance. One cubic yard of excavated material that has been subsequently compacted during placement is 1 CCY. or other earthmoving activities will occur.

For both the first and second steps.• Equipment Selection Equipment selection for cost estimation purposes is a two-step process: First. local tribal wage rates must be considered when calculating the potential cost of reclamation. select the model and size of equipment based on information contained in the materials handling plan (Worksheet 3). Justify and document any substitutions from the regional Davis-Bacon wage rates. PRIMEDIA Information.S. through the Office of Navajo Labor Relations. the reclamation and operation plans in the permit application. information in equipment productivity and performance guides. select the type of equipment (for example. equipment such as draglines. Second.'s Cost Reference Guide for Construction Equipment (CRG) is one example of such a publication. use an industry publication containing recent cost data for construction equipment to determine hourly equipment ownership costs. In some cases other local costs may be appropriate and can be substituted for the CRG and Davis-Bacon rates. Before 15 04/05/00 . Do not automatically select the equipment listed in the operation and reclamation plans submitted by the applicant. bulldozer or scraper) based on the guidance in this Handbook. Inc. and equipment productivity and performance guides. and experience. The Department of the Interior's Acquisition Regulations (DIAR) require compliance with the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U. Thus. This information can be obtained from regional Bureau of Indian Affairs offices or on Navajo lands. In the event of forfeiture. 452) when reclamation contracts are let on Indian lands. large shovels and equipment unique to the permittee most likely will not be available to potential contractors. When completing Worksheet 13 (earthmoving costs). the reclamation and operation plans in the permit application. complete Worksheets 5 through 12 for several types and models of readily available equipment to determine the most cost-effective equipment type and model or combination of equipment types and models for each earthmoving activity. Use regional Davis-Bacon wage rates from the Department of Labor to determine hourly labor costs (see the examples in Appendix B).C.

Final Grading: Scrapers. However. if a highwall exists at the time of bond forfeiture. Appendix C provides additional guidance on equipment selection. and motor graders are commonly used to recontour backfilled areas. ripping with bulldozers may be required to reduce compaction in the root zone and provide a slightly rough surface to promote topsoil adhesion. excess spoil disposal structures. we would need to use methods such as ripping or blasting to eliminate the highwall. If the pit is to be reconfigured for retention as a permanent impoundment. When trucks and loaders are used. do not base calculations on equipment available to only one contractor. bulldozers. scrapers or a combination of trucks and loaders are typically used to move stockpiled materials to the pit. especially for sites formerly used as roads or support facilities. In some cases the reclamation plan may not address this reclamation need. To maintain compliance with Federal procurement requirements. Equipment needs for typical earthmoving activities are described below: Spoil Ridge Reduction: Operations that use area mining methods normally rely upon bulldozers to move the tops of the spoil ridges into the valleys between the ridges. operation. bulldozers are normally used to reduce the highwall and spoil slopes to acceptable grades.--~~-------------------------- calculating earthmoving costs for operations that plan to use this type of equipment. For example. and productivity. and other disturbed areas to facilitate proper drainage and the approved postmining land use and to prepare disturbed areas for topsoil redistribution. check with several regional earthmoving contractors to determine what equipment may be available. 16 04/05/00 . In some cases. the reclamation and operation plans for a mountaintop removal operation would assume complete removal of the top of the mountain. When the mining method requires the use of stockpiled overburden. bulldozers spread the material in the pit area. Final Pit IHighwall Elimination: Bulldozers are usually the equipment of choice to fill the last pit with material obtained from adjacent spoil ridges or the area above the highwall (when approved in the permit). meaning that no highwall elimination would be necessary.

and the volume of material to be moved. the same equipment considerations as those discussed under "Topsoil Redistribution" apply to the transport and distribution of this material. front-end loaders. Use Worksheets 5 through 12 to calculate the production of individual pieces of equipment and the hours required for the job. and personnel and job layout delays are either addressed individually as part of the "Operator Factor" (see Worksheet 5) or combined in an "Efficiency Factor" (see Worksheets 5 through 12). repairs and adjustments. Common factors governing equipment productivity are capacity. a hydraulic backhoe excavator or small dragline is required to dredge accumulated sediment. development of the materials handling plan requires a determination of equipment productivity and earthmoving costs.Forming Materials: When the reclamation and operation plans require the application of cover material prior to revegetation. bulldozers. Covering Exposed Coal Mine Waste or Other Acid. Prime farmland requires more attention to equipment selection and material handling to ensure proper soil horizon placement. When site-specific data are not available use the information below as guidance. cycle time. Generally. the haul distance between stockpiles and placement areas.or Toxic. the productivity of a piece of equipment is expressed in cubic yards per hour. and compaction. and/or graders. site conditions. soil depth. C. In some cases. Removal of Diversions and Siltation Structures: Bulldozers are generally adequate to grade out diversions and excavated siltation structures.Topsoil Redistribution: Topsoil redistribution involves the use of scrapers. The choice of equipment depends on grade. slurry impoundments and coal stockpile pads. Reclamation jobs do not operate at 100% efficiency. 17 04/05/00 . trucks. Complex factors such as operator skill. Use Worksheet 13 to calculate earthmoving costs. Equipment Productivity and Costs (Worksheets 5 through 13) As discussed above. Examples include the covering of coarse coal mine refuse. and material characteristics.

including such tasks as soil sampling. lime. seeding. agricultural publications. The reclamation plan will specify the soil condition and species mix. fuel costs. Federal and Tribal abandoned mine land and bond forfeiture reclamation contracts and programs. Potential sources of cost information for these requirements include the Cooperative Extension Service. application of soil amendments (fertilizer. etc. as applicable. and mulching. planting. To determine the hourly cost of equipment during the reclamation operation. adjust the components of the hourly costs in the eRG for the number of shifts. This reseeding and replanting cost is based on site conditions and historic vegetative failure rates for the operation being evaluated.. Federal.75 45 min/hr 0. Revegetation (Worksheet 14) Use Worksheet 14 to calculate costs associated with revegetation efforts.67 40 min/hr To calculate the number of hours that the equipment is needed. including all disturbed lands within the permit area not yet released. This reseeding and planting cost 18 04105/00 . apply productivity rates to the amount of material that must be moved. State and Tribal forestry agencies. Worksheet 14 refers to this as "Initial Seeding. Weather and site conditions may result in complete or partial failure of an initial revegetation effort.75 45 min/hr Unfavorable or Night 0. landscaping services. agricultural supply firms.EFFICIENCY FACTOR Conditions Excellent Crawler Equipment Rubber-tired Equipment 0. revegetation contractors. III.83 50 min/hr 0. and State." Calculate this cost for all disturbed areas within the worst-case scenario. The cost estimate must also include reseeding and replanting expenses associated with vegetative failures.92 55 min/hr Average 0.). or similar operations on similar sites.83 50 min/hr 0. The initial revegetation process generally consists of seedbed preparation. etc. It will also clarify whether irrigation and the planting of trees and shrubs are necessary.

• IV. hazardous. and snow removal. Vegetative failure of the worst-case scenario area (Le. reseeding and replanting needed). and other solid (noncoal) waste in accordance with state and Federal laws and local ordinances. • • 19 04/05/00 . ditches and culverts.. Plugging auger holes. Replacing wetlands. Worksheet 14 covers the following aspects of revegetation: • • Initial seeding and planting of the worst-case scenario area. Vegetative failure for any other unreleased disturbed areas within the permit area (Le. regrading and earthmoving costs necessary to evaluate and repair the site as part of the reseeding/replanting effort.estimate must include an allowance for any soil sampling. other necessary reclamation activities may include: • • • • • • • Pumping and treating impounded waters. Other Direct Reclamation Costs (Worksheet 15) Depending upon site conditions and applicable requirements of the reclamation and operation plans. Maintaining ponds. reseeding and replanting needed). Disposing of toxic. Maintaining roads during reclamation including grading. Sealing underground mine entries and openings. surfacing. Constructing rock drains.. Sealing monitoring wells and other drilled holes.

• In addition. 20 04/05/00 . State. In some instances.). and (2) replacing certain water supplies adversely impacted by underground mining operations. the regulatory authority must adjust the bond or require the permittee to post equivalent financial assurance to cover all foreseeable abatement and future treatment costs.• Water sampling and monitoring to the extent required to comply with any necessary Federal. the regulatory authority must require the permittee to obtain additional performance bond to cover the cost of (1) correcting subsidence-related material damage to surface lands and protected structures. diversions. Use Means guides or obtain estimates from several local contractors to determine the amount of bond required to guarantee repair of subsidence-related damage to surface lands and protected structures. unless the permittee corrects the damage within a specified time or has sufficient insurance coverage. • Since there is no established method of estimating costs for most of the activities listed under this heading. Similarly. the construction cost reference manuals listed in Chapter 1 may prove useful. If an unanticipated pollutional discharge requiring long-term treatment develops. roads. or local permits. Use Worksheet 15 to explain the basis for all cost estimates for these activities. two other potential cost considerations may arise after permit issuance: • Under 30 CFR 817. etc. use best professional judgement to calculate bond amounts on a case-by-case basis. Appendix D provides general guidance on the calculation of bond amounts needed to cover abatement and long-term treatment costs associated with unanticipated pollutional discharges.121(c)(5). use estimates from local drilling and plumbing contractors to estimate the bond amount required to guarantee replacement of damaged water supplies and delivery systems. Evaluating and rehabilitating structures to be retained as part of the postmining land use (ponds.

STEP 3: ADJUST DIRECT COSTS FOR INFLATION This step addresses anticipated inflationary increases in reclamation costs during the permit term and after permit expiration but before final bond release. I. During a Permit Term

There are two approaches for addressing inflation during a permit term. One approach uses an inflation factor to increase the initial bond amount to reflect inflation for the full permit term. The other approach does not include inflation as an element of the initial bond calculation. Instead, it requires recalculation and adjustment of bond amounts on a fixed schedule (at a minimum during the midterm permit review process and at permit renewal) to cover any reclamation cost . increases due to inflation. Adjustment Using 5-Year Permit Term To calculate the inflation factor for a 5-year permit term under the first approach, use the formula below and an index such as the Construction Cost Indexes (CCI) in the Engineering News Record (ENR) (http://www.enr.com). We recognize that other cost indexes may be appropriate to use in lieu of the one suggested, but for purposes of this example, we chose the CCI. For further information on the construction cost index, see "Cost History, Keeping Track of a Moving Target," Engineering News Record, March 30,1992, pages 42-47. Divide the CCI for the current month and year by the CCI for the same month five years earlier, assuming the term of the permit is five years. For example, if the current month and year is February 1999, divide the CCI for February 1999 by the CCI for February 1994. Example: CCI (February 1999): 5992 Inflation factor: 5992 + 5371 CCI (February 1994): 5371

=1.11562 [Enter on Worksheet 16.]

Total inflation (5 years): 11.562% Multiply the Total Direct Costs from Line 5 of Worksheet 16 by the inflation factor to compute the Inflated Total Direct Costs.
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r------------------

Adjustment Using a Schedule Under the bond adjustment schedule approach, we must periodically either recalculate all reclamation cost estimates or use an appropriate inflation factor to adjust the previous reclamation cost estimates to account for inflation since the time of the previous bond calculation. When using this approach, Lines 5 and 6 of Worksheet 16 will be the same. Add a footnote describing the bond adjustment schedule. Adjustments for inflation also may be considered when permit revisions change the costs of reclamation. II. After Permit Expiration

We also must consider inflation when calculating the amount of bond to be retained after Phase I or II bond release. For these calculations, use a base period equal to the minimum revegetation responsibility period under 30 CFR 816/817 .116(c), since there is no permit required for reclamation and hence no midterm permit reviews or permit renewals. See Worksheets 17 and 18. As an alternative, you may establish a periodic bond adjustment schedule during the revegetation responsibility period. The bond would then be adjusted for inflation in accordance with the schedule.

STEP 4: ESTIMATE INDIRECT RECLAMATION COSTS Use Worksheet 16, standard reference materials, and the procedures set forth below to calculate indirect costs, which include contract preparation costs and other administrative expenses that the regulatory authority would not incur in the absence of forfeiture. Explain any deviations from the standard reference materials in an attachment to the worksheet. Compute indirect costs as a percentage of the inflated direct costs as shown on Worksheet 16, Lines 7 through 11. I. Mobilization and Demobilization

This category of indirect costs is an allowance for the cost of moving equipment to and from the reclamation site. Costs will vary based on the type and number of equipment to be hauled and the distance to the site.

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--~-----~-.------------------

Consider whether a separate mobilization/demobilization will be necessary to remove sedimentation ponds and associated diversions at a later date and calculate costs accordingly. Mobilization and demobilization costs normally range up to 10 percent of the total direct costs. Unusual time constraints, a need for special equipment, the presence of non-standard features or conditions that hinder equipment mobility, or a remote location may require actual cost estimates that could result in the use of a higher percentage. Enter this cost estimate on Line 7 of Worksheet 16. Explain the basis for the estimate on the worksheet or in an attachment. II. Contingency Allowances

The bond amount must include a contingency allowance to cover unanticipated costs resulting from unexpected natural events and uncertainties associated with the assumptions that form the basis for the operation and reclamation plans and reclamation cost estimates. This category does not include any activity for which the reclamation and operation plans provide sufficient information to enable calculation as a direct cost. The contingency allowance covers only truly unexpected and unforeseeable events. Calculate the contingency allowance as a percentage of the total direct costs on Line 8 of Worksheet 16. Based on the 1998 Means Heavy Construction Cost Data, this allowance should range between 3 and 5 percent of the total direct costs. III. Engineering Redesign Costs

For various reasons, the reclamation and operation plans in the permit application may not reflect site conditions at the time of bond forfeiture. In addition, they may not be sufficiently detailed to serve as contract plans and specifications. Therefore, in the event of bond forfeiture, the regulatory authority may have to supplement or modify these plans. Necessary activities may include: • • Preparing maps and plans to show the extent of required reclamation. Surveying topsoil and overburden stockpiles to determine the amount of material available. Analyzing topsoil and overburden stockpiles to determine whether special handling is necessary.
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• •

Evaluating structures to assess the difficulty of demolition and removal. Evaluating impoundments and roads to determine any special reclamation needs (such as the presence of toxic materials), the feasibility of leaving those structures in place, and the rehabilitation needed to ensure stability and facilitate the postmining land use. Assessing the condition of areas reclaimed by the permittee to determine whether additional work is needed to complete the reclamation plan. Preparing contract documents.

Calculate the engineering redesign costs as a percentage of the total direct costs on Line 9 of Worksheet 16. Based on the 1998 Means Building Cost Data, the allowance for these engineering fees (landscape and site development) should range between 2.5% and 6% of the total direct costs. If you deviate from the recommended percentages, include an explanation on Worksheet 16.

IV.

Profit and Overhead

Because we contract with a third party to perform the actual reclamation work, the bond amount must include an allowance for the contractor's profit and overhead. As noted in Chapter 1 under "Data Sources," all data used to estimate direct reclamation costs in Step 2 of Chapter 2 include only bare costs, which exclude any allowance for contractor's profit and overhead expenses. A reasonable profit margin may range from a minimum of 10% of the total direct costs for very large jobs to as high as 30% of the total direct costs for very small jobs. Because reclamation operations differ greatly in size and complexity, overhead costs will vary greatly depending on the assets, operating techniques, business structure, and financial condition of individual contractors. For example, to complete the same job, some contractors may not need field offices, shops, or site-specific office personnel, while other contractors will have complete on-site support facilities. However, all construction and reclamation contractors have overhead costs in addition to the direct costs of equipment, labor and materials that we have already calculated in Step 2 of this chapter. These additional costs normally
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Use Graph 2. Profit and Overhead. storage. Project Management Fee. STEP 5: CALCULATE THE TOTAL PERFORMANCE BOND AMOUNT Add all entries for direct and indirect reclamation costs on Worksheet 16 to determine the amount of bond required. there is a space to record a construction cost index. taxes. A reasonable allowance for generally accepted overhead costs is a minimum of 5% of the total direct costs. Additional management tasks may include dam inspection. This graph is based on the 1998 Means Building Construction Cost Data. The cost index referenced is the "Construction Cost Index" published monthly in the Engineering News Record (McGraw-Hili. calculated as a percentage of the total inflated direct costs on Worksheet 16.include field support staff and services. costs of temporary facilities or company offices. At the bottom of Worksheet 16. and bonds (including the cost of obtaining and posting a contract performance bond). insurance. NY). labor benefits (at 35% of labor and supervisory costs. office equipment and utilities. Graph 1. this index allows the inflation factor portion of the bond estimate to be updated periodically without redoing the direct cost calculations needed to establish the initial bond amount. In the absence of major changes to the reclamation and operation plans. permits. This graph reflects the construction cost data in 1998 Means Building Construction Cost Data. v. and company vehicles. to calculate this fee. these costs may range between 1% and 7% of the total direct costs). combines profit and overhead into a single cost allowance. To simplify the process. security. 25 04/05/00 . Project Management Fee This fee covers the cost of hiring a project management firm to inspect and supervise the work performed by the reclamation contractor.

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CHAPTER 3

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR CALCULATION OF INCREMENTAL, CUMULATIVE, AND PHASE BONDS
The bond calculation methodology in Chapter 2 and the assumptions in Chapter 1 presume that the permit applicant will post bond for the entire permit area prior to permit issuance. However, the same methodology and assumptions apply when the applicant elects to post bond on an incremental or cumulative basis, or use phase bonds.

INCREMENTAL BONDS If the applicant selects the incremental method of bonding, use Chapter 2 to estimate reclamation costs and determine the amount of bond required for each increment, rather than for the entire permit area. Because the bond posted for each increment applies only to that increment, treat each increment as a separate mining and reclamation unit with its own maximum reclamation cost liability. When using incremental bonding, the permittee may not transfer bond coverage from reclaimed acreage in one increment to land in another increment. Under 30 CFR 800.11 (b)(3), the permit applicant must identify both the initial and successive bonding increments, together with the amount of bond proposed to be provided for each increment. However, the regulations do not apply this requirement to the regulatory authority. Instead, they provide only that, at the time of permit application approval, the regulatory authority must calculate the amount of bond required for the initial increment. The regulatory authority must then calculate the required bond amount for each successive increment at the time that the permittee proposes to disturb that increment. At its discretion, the regulatory authority may calculate the amount of bond required for each successive increment at the same time that it calculates the amount of bond required for the initial increment. CUMULATIVE BONDS If the applicant selects the cumulative method of bonding, use Chapter 2 to estimate reclamation costs and determine the amount of bond required for the initial stage of operations. As with incremental bonding, treat this initial stage of operations as a separate mining and reclamation unit with its own maximum

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reclamation cost liability. However, legal liability under the bond posted for the initial stage applies to the entire permit area, as do bonds posted for all successive operational stages. Hence, unlike incremental bonding, the reclamation cost estimates and bond calculations for each successive operational stage must include all previously bonded operational stages. For example, a permittee may choose to post bond annually for the term of the permit based on antiCipated disturbance during each year of the permit term. Under this scenario, the permittee initially would post a bond in an amount sufficient to cover the maximum reclamation cost liability that would be encountered during the first year of the permit term under the approved reclamation plan. The permittee would then supplement that bond with additional bonds during each of the following years until the amount of bond on file is sufficient to cover the maximum reclamation cost liability for the entire permit area. The annual supplement plus the amount of bond posted for previous years must always be sufficient to cover the maximum reclamation cost liability associated with both the upcoming year and all previous years. The bond amount may not be reduced unless the reduction occurs through the bond release process. As with incremental bonding, under 30 CFR 800.11 (b)(3), a permit applicant proposing to use the cumulative method of bonding must identify both the initial and all successive portions of the permit area for which bond will be posted, together with the amount of bond proposed to be provided for each portion. However, the regulations do not apply this requirement to the regulatory authority. Instead, they provide only that, at the time of permit application approval, the regulatory authority must calculate the amount of bond required for the initial portion. The regulatory authority must then calculate the required bond amount for each successive portion at the time that the permittee proposes to disturb that portion. At its discretion, the regulatory authority may calculate the amount of bond required for each successive portion at the same time that it calculates the amount of bond required for the initial portion. In summary, under the cumulative method of bonding, when the permittee proposes to advance beyond the initial operational stages, we must calculate maximum reclamation cost liabilities for both the entire permit area and the portion of the permit area proposed for disturbance. Once the operation reaches the pOint of maximum reclamation cost liability for the permit area as a whole, we may not need to require any additional bond for subsequent disturbance, but neither may we return any of the bond already posted unless we and the permittee adhere to the bond release criteria and procedures of 30 CFR 800.40.

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PHASE BONDS Under 30 CFR 800.13(a)(2), the regulatory authority has the discretion to either accept or reject use of the phase bonding method. When using phase bonding, the permit applicant posts separate bonds for each phase of reclamation as defined in 30 CFR 800.40. The applicant has the choice of posting these bonds for the entire permit area or using either the incremental or cumulative method of bonding. In all cases, the applicant or permittee must post bonds sufficient to cover all reclamation phases for the land to be disturbed prior to initial disturbance. For example, the permittee may not delay submission of a Phase II bond until Phase I reclamation is completed. Under 30 CFR 800.13(a)(2), each phase bond must specify in detail the scope of work that it guarantees. This requirement is important because, with a few exceptions, 30 CFR 800.40 does not clearly specify the permitting requirements and performance standards that each phase covers. Nor does it establish brightline liability distinctions. For example, topSOil replacement may be either a Phase I or Phase II activity. Therefore, before we can calculate reclamation cost estimates using the worksheets in Appendix A, we need to know which of those reclamation activities will be covered by which phase bond. At a minimum, each Phase I bond must cover backfilling, regrading, and structure demolition. Each Phase II bond must cover topsoil replacement (when not included in Phase I), removal of temporary erosion and sedimentation control structures, and establishment of revegetation. Phase III has no clearly defined liabilities apart from demonstration of revegetation success and reestablishment of vegetation in the event of failure. Therefore, we recommend that Phases II and III be covered by a single bond. Use the methods in Chapter 2 to estimate the maximum reclamation cost liability and calculate the amount of bond required for each phase of reclamation. The area to which this calculation applies depends upon whether the permittee posts bond for the entire permit area or selects an incremental or cumulative approach.

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depending upon the results of the evaluation required under 30 CFR 800. Phase II bond release is contingent upon proof of soil productivity as determined by crop yields equivalent to yields from non-mined lands. this phase (Phase II) also includes topsoil replacement and removal of temporary erosion and sedimentation control structures. Phase I bond release includes structure demolition and removal.40(c)(3) and section 519(c)(3) of the Act. At this phase. the regulatory authority may release up to 60 percent of the bond upon completion of Phase I reclamation. which includes backfilling. Finally. including an assessment of the degree of difficulty in completing any remaining reclamation.40(c)(1) and section 519(c)(1) of the Act. the regulatory authority may release an additional amount of bond after establishment of revegetation. and drainage control.CHAPTER 4 BOND RELEASE REGULATORY BACKGROUND Under 30 CFR 800. the regulatory authority must.40(c)(2) and section 519(c)(2) of the Act. the probability of future occurrence. This evaluation also must determine whether pollution of surface and ground water is occurring. regrading.40(b)(1) and section 519(b) of the Act. the regulatory authority must retain sufficient bond to cover the cost of having a third party reestablish revegetation during the revegetation responsibility period in accordance with the approved reclamation plan. For prime farmland. upon receipt of a bond release application. Under 30 CFR 800. provided the lands are not contributing suspended solids to streamflow or runoff outside the permit area in excess of State and Federal water quality requirements. Normally. the regulatory authority may release the remainder of the bond once the revegetation responsibility period expires and the permittee meets all reclamation 31 04/05/00 . Under 30 CFR 800. As a practical matter. as necessary. For all practical purposes. for lands other than prime farmland. Phase I bond release is discretionary on the part of the regulatory authority. and the estimated cost of abating this pollution. this results in a combination of Phase II and III bond release. under 30 CFR 800.40(b)(1) and an evaluation of remaining reclamation costs. inspect and evaluate the reclamation work.

at Phase I we may not release more than 60 percent of the total amount of bond posted for the area to which the release application applies.40(b)(1). we must calculate the cost of completing all remaining reclamation requirements for the entire permit area (or. even when the permittee uses phase bonding. This action is sometimes referred to as Phase III bond release. FINANCIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR POLLUTIONAL DISCHARGES If pollutional discharges or other conditions causing material damage to the hydrologic balance outside the permit area exist at the time of application for bond release. including those identified as a result of the inspection and evaluation conducted under 30 CFR 800.15 is allowable only if the reclamation cost estimates that form the basis for the existing bond amount are no longer valid for reasons other than the performance of reclamation work. Although liability under the Phase I bond is limited to Phase I reclamation activities. Use Worksheet 18 to calculate these costs when considering Phase II bond release. if the permittee used the incremental bonding method.requirements of the permit and approved regulatory program. Use Worksheet 17 to calculate remaining reclamation costs when considering Phase I bond release. See Appendix 0 for guidance on calculating bond amounts for long-term treatment of pollutional 32 04/05/00 . we must retain at least 40 percent of the total bond posted for the area until Phase II reclamation has been completed and a Phase II liability release approved. we must retain sufficient funds to complete all remaining reclamation obligations.40. the permittee must apply for bond release in accordance with 30 CFR 800. To obtain a reduction in bond amount on the basis of reclamation work performed. CALCULATION OF ALLOWABLE BOND RELEASE AMOUNTS Upon receipt of a bond release application. Complete Worksheets 1 through 15 as necessary to support these computations. Therefore. DISTINCTION BETWEEN BOND ADJUSTMENT AND BOND RELEASE As discussed in Chapter 1. reduction of bond amounts using the bond adjustment provisions of 30 CFR 800. In all cases. we must retain a sufficient amount of bond at each phase of release to cover long-term treatment and remediation costs.40(c)(1). In addition. for the entire increment). we may not release more than 60 percent of the total amount of bond posted for all phases for the applicable area. See 30 CFR 800.

environmental liability insurance. As stated above. establish a separate financial guarantee under 30 CFR Part 800 to cover all foreseeable discharge treatment and material damage remediation costs. In lieu of retention of existing bond.com We do not endorse any of these insurers or products and we do not guarantee the accuracy of the information posted at Internet sites.com http://www. The same requirement applies to subsidence-related material damage to surface lands and to certain drinking. examples of firms that offer the insurance products mentioned above include: American International Group. general liability insurance. or providing compensation for material damage to protected structures when the damage is a result of subsidence caused by underground mining operations.necc. the permittee may. See the preamble to 30 CFR 700. the regulatory authority must require the permittee to obtain additional performance bond to cover the costs of repairing. the permittee has the option of addressing this obligation outside the bonding process and the requirements of 30 CFR Part 800 by entering into an enforceable contract with another party to assume treatment or remediation responsibilities. RELEASE OF BOND POSTED TO GUARANTEE WATER SUPPLY REPLACEMENT OR CORRECTION OF SUBSIDENCE DAMAGE Under 30 CFR 817. November 2. replacing.smith-manus. Depending on individual circumstances. domestic. Inc. and site liability environmental exposure insurance.121 (c)(5). Smith-Manus Agency. 33 04/05/00 . Inc. subject to regulatory authority approval. http://www.discharges. This bond may not be released until treatment is no longer necessary to prevent material damage to the hydrologic balance. pollution liability insurance. acceptable financial assurance instruments may include surety bonds.com http://www. (AIG) Beacon Hill Associates. Inc.aig.11 (d)(1 )(ii) at 53 FR 44362. At the time of this publication. col. the bond release for this aspect would not occur until treatment is no longer necessary to prevent material damage to the hydrologic balance. trust funds. 1988. This is a type of bond to cover one aspect of the operation. 1. or residential water supplies adversely impacted by underground mining operations.com http://www. in certain situations. National Environmental Coverage Corp. Finally.b-h-a.

or the owner is compensated for damage to protected structures.40 are met. Provided all other release criteria and procedural requirements of 30 CFR 800. the damage to surface lands or protected structures is repaired. structures. we may release the entire bond amount posted under 30 CFR 817. 34 04/05/00 .The preamble to this rule states that the release procedures of 30 CFR 800. there is no revegetation responsibility period and no need for a phased bond release. Hence.40 apply to bond posted under this rule. and water supplies covered by this bond generally lie outside the permit area.121 (c)(5) once the water supply is replaced. land. However.

1997. McGraw-Hili. MA." Engineering News Record. Machinery Information Division. Means Heavy Construction Cost Data.. IL. Inc. Means Company. Inc. 35 04/05/00 . overall the book is updated annually. published monthly. Caterpillar. 1998. Inc. 1992.. New York. CA.. Inc. "Cost History. Caterpillar.REFERENCES CITED Caterpillar Performance Handbook. New York. Kingston. MA. Kingston. San Jose.. McGraw-Hili. Cost Reference Guide (CRG) for Construction Equipment. Note: Various sections of this reference are updated quarterly. Inc. Kingston. 1998. Means Company.S. San Jose. Means Company. 42-47. Keeping Track of a Moving Target.. Machinery Information Division. IL. Means Site Work and Landscape Cost Data. Means Building Construction Cost Data. Contractors Equipment Cost Guide. PRIMEDIA Information. Peoria.1998. 1998.S.1998. "Construction Cost Index. Inc. PRIMEDIA Information. Edition 29.S.. R. Caterpillar Performance Handbook. MA.. Inc. R. pp. 1998. March 30. CA. Edition 28." Engineering News Record. Peoria. R.

781-585-7880. MA.000 ! o ~:---+--~--~--~--+f--~--~--'---+-~: 10 15 20 25 30 35 Percent of Inflated Direct Costs Graphical representation of Reference lines 010 000 062 0300 through 0450 From Means 1998 Building Construction Cost Data. Copyright R.Profit and Overhead Graph 1 100.. Means Co. . Inc.S. Kingston.. all rights reserved.

.... ~:=: ~~ \! .000 . MA......... Copyright R....... ..... . """'1"""" ::::::::::::::::::::::r::::: . .......... ·······l·~ .. .. all rights reserved... ..S..+....••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• -c •• __ •••••••••• _-}..i........ .. ..Project Management Fee Graph 2 100.::::::: :::::::[::::::: 10. Kingston.::::::::::::::::::::::..-+ . :::::::::[::::::: :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ::::x::::::: :::::::[:::::::...... -...+ ......... + ....... -. 781-585-7880.......+ ..... Means Co.000 •••••••••• -:........... Inc.... .... ·······11········:::1 o 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Percent of Inflated Direct Costs Graphical extension of Reference lines 010 000 0160050 and 0300 From Means 1998 Building Construction Cost Data...... N ........• -:1' -:?~J~:lLIL~ ~'':-Ffc ~.•••••••••••••••• __ •••• --_ ••• -:-_ •••••• ....... __ ••••••••••••••••••••••••• : ••••••• --_ •• _--:....·...

APPENDIX A BOND CALCULATION WORKSHEETS 04/05/00 .

incremental. cumulative): _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ If Incremental: Increment Number: Increment Acreage: If Cumulative: Acres previously authorized for disturbance: New acres proposed for disturbance: Type of Operation: Location: Prepared by: Date: Total Bond Amount: $ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ A-1 04/05/00 .BOND AMOUNT COMPUTATION Applicant: Permit Number: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Permitted Acreage: _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Bonding Scheme (permit area.

Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 1 DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO Assumptions: Data Source(s): A-2 04/05/00 .

Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Dare: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ WORKSHEET 2 STRUCTURE DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL COSTS Structures to be demolished: Item Construction Material Volume (cubic feet) Unit Cost Basis ($) Demolition Cost ($) Subtotal Other items to be demolished (paved roads. utility poles.): Subtotal = $ _____________ Debris Handling and Disposal Costs: Subtotal = $ _ _ _ _ _ __ TOTAL DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL = $ _ _ _ _ _ __ Data Source(s): A-3 04/05/00 . conveyors. etc. rail spurs.

A-4 04/05/00 .Pr~ect: __________________________ Pr~wredby:------------------------ Date: WORKSHEET 3 MATERIAL HANDLING PLAN SUMMARY Earthmoving Activity Volume (Ley) Origin Destination Haul Distance (tt) Grade * (%) Equipment To Be Used I* Record grade re_si~tance (% grade) here.

Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 4A EARTHWORK QUANTITY Cross-Sectionl Station Distance Between Stations (ft) End Area (ft2) Volume (yd 3 )* Adjustment Factor * Adjusted Volume (LCY) (%) TOTALS * See discussion of material volume estimates in Chapter 2. Select adjustment factor based on the state of the material to be moved. of the Handbook. Data Source(s): A-5 04/05/00 . Part II. Step 2. B.

Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 48 EARTHWORK QUANTITY Data Source(s): A-6 04/05/00 .

- ......LCV/hr normal hourly production operating adjustment factor Hours Required = ---------.hr volume to be moved net hourly production Data Source(s): A-7 04/05/00 . etc.): Description of Dozer Use (origin.): Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor =___________ X _____________ X __ operator factor material factor ----:=---:_____ efficiency factor X _____-:-__ grade factor X __-.. destination.LCV/hr =.---. haul distance.. material.--------..... etc. size...LCV + -------.. grade.- ~~ect: _____________________ Date: Prepared by: --------------------- WORKSHEET 5 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Characterization of Dozer Used (type....-:-_ _ X ___-:---:-_ _ _ X __-:-~:--___ X __:-----::-_ _ weight correction factor production method/blade factor visibility factor elevation factor =------- Net Hourly Production =________ LCV/hr X _____-:-__--:---:-__--:-_ =.

): Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = operator factor X X X X material factor efficiency factor grade factor X X X weight correction factor production method/blade factor visibility factor elevation factor = Hourly Production = _ _ _ _ _ mi/hr X ---:-:---:--_ _ _ ft X 5.280 nlmi X average effective blade width speed 1 ac/43. etc.Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 6 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE-GRADING Earthmoving Activity: Characterization of Dozer Used (type. etc.560 ftl = _____ ac/hr Net Hourly Production = ac/hr X hourly production operating adjustment factor = = ac/hr Hours Required = ac area to be graded net hourly production ac/hr hr Data Source(s): A-a 04/05/00 . size. operating speed.): Description of Dozer Use (% grade. effective blade width.

0.. ** Remember to use the swell factor to convert from bank cubic yards to loose cubic yards when applying these data to Worksheet 5. Data Source(s): A-9 04/05/00 .cycle time efficiency factor _ _ _ _ _ _ passes/hr Volume Cut/Pass = _ _ _ _ _ _ ft X _ _ _ _ _ ft X _ _ _ _ _ ft) tool penetration cut spacing cut length T 27ft3/yd 3 = _ _ _ _ _ BCY/pass Hourly Production = _ _ _ _ _ _ BCY/pass X _ _ _ _ _ passes/hr = _____ BCY/hr Hours Required = _-:--~_ _ _ _ BCY bank volume to be ripped ** _ _ _ _ _ _ _ BCY/hr hourly production =_____ hr Fixed turn time depends upon dozer used.25 minlturn is normal. Calculate separate dozer hauling of ripped material for each lift on that worksheet.Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 7 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR RIPPER-EQUIPPED DOZER USE Ripping Activity: Characterization of Dozer and Ripper Use: Description of Ripping (ripping depth. cut spacing. cut length. and material to be ripped): Productivity Calculation: Cycle Time = (______ ft cut length + 88 ftlmin) + [speed] fixed turn time * min = _ _ _ _ _ _ _ min/pass Passes/Hour = 60 min/hr + _ _ _ _ _ min/pass X ____..

_____________________ Date: _____________________ Prepared by: ____________________ ~~ect: WORKSHEET 8 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE Earthmoving Activity: Characterization of Loader Use (type.): Description of Loader Use (origin.fill factor * _ _ _ _ LCy Hourly Production = + _________ min cycle time X efficiency factor X 60 min/hr = ____ LCY/hr Hours Required = _ _ _ _ _ _ LCY volume to be moved _ _ _ _ _ _ LCY/hr hourly production = _______ hr * See loader section of equipment manual..bucket .. size.): Productivity Calculations: Cycle time = __--:----:--:-_ min haul time (loaded) + ____--:-_ min return time (empty) + _____________ min basic cycle time = ______ min Net Bucket Capacity = _ _ _ _ _ LCy heaped bucket capacity LCY net bucket capacity X . destination. etc.= . Data Source(s): A-10 04/05/00 . haul distance. grade. etc.

etc.LCV/min production rate X 60 min/hr = efficiency factor _ _ _ _ LCV/hr Hours Required = ---------.): Description of Truck Use (origin.-----::--_ _ _ _ min X _ _:--_ _ _ _:----:loader cycle time (from Worksheet 8 or 10) no.. etc..): Productivity Calculations: __ ____ =(round_ _ _to nearest passes down whole number) No. Trucks Required = _ _ _ _ _ _ _ min truck cycle time . destination.CV X loader bucket net capacity no.-_-:---:-_ min = .. trucks + _-.LCV/min truck cycle time X Hourly Production = ----:---:-:-----:-... loader passes/truck = _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ LCV = _ _ _ _ _ _ min Loading Time/Truck = --::-----:-_ _. Data Source(s): A-11 04/05/00 . Loader Passes/Truck = -:----:-_----:----:_ LCV truck capacity * -:---:---:---:--:. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ min total loading time = _ _ _ _ _ _ _ trucks Production Rate = _ _ _ _ _ _ _ LCV X _____ net truck capacity no.. loader passes/truck _ _ _ _ min haul time Truck Cycle Time + ____ min + return time ____ min loading time + ______ min = dump and maneuver time _ _ _ _ min No..Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 9 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE Earthmoving Activity: Characterization of Truck Use (type.LCV/hr hourly production = _ _ _ _ _ hr * Use the average of the struck and capacities... capacity. ---------.LCV loader bucket net capacity Net Truck Capacity = _ _ _ _ _ _L. grade. haul distance.LCV volume to be moved ~ . size.

): Productivity Calculations: Net Bucket Capacity = _____ LCV heaped bucket capacity x ______ bucket fill factor * = _ _ _ _ _ LCV =____ LCV/hr _ _ _ _ _ hr Hourly Production = ... materials.. etc. Data Source(s): A-12 04/05/00 .Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 10 PRODUCTIVITY FOR HYDRAULIC EXCAVATOR USE (BACKHOE OR POWER SHOVEL) Earthmoving Activities: Characterization of the Excavator Used (type. See excavator section of equipment manual.): Description of Excavator Used (loading geometry. etc.LCV net bucket capacity X 60 min/hr _ _ _ _ min X _ _ _ _ cycle time ** efficiency factor Hours Required = ~_ _~_~~__ LCV volume to be handled ---~-~~­ Lcv/hr = net hourly production * ** See loader section of the equipment manual. size.

etc.Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 11A PRODUCTIVITY OF PUSH-PULL OR SELF-LOADING SCRAPER USE Earthmoving Activity: Characterization of Scraper Used (type. destination. etc...): Productivity Calculations: Cycle Time = ____ min load time (push-pull is per pair) + _ _ _ _ _ min loaded trip time + _ _ _ _ _ min maneuver and spread time + return trip time min = ____ min (push-pull is per pair) Hourly Production = _____ LCV capacity * X 60 min/hr _ _ _ _ _ min X _ _ _ __ cycle time efficiency factor = _ _ _ Lcv/hr (push-pull is per pair) Hours Required = ______ LCV ----.. grade.. capacity. capacity.Lcv/hr = . * The average of the struck and heaped capacities. haul distance.hr volume to be net hourly handled production use total for two scrapers for push-pull.): Description of Scraper Use (origin. Data Source(s): A-13 04/05/00 .

_ _ _ _ min X _ _ __ cycle time efficiency factor LCy/hr = ..Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 11 B PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE Earthmoving Activity: Characterization of Scraper Used (type. capacity... etc. destination. etc... haul distance..LCV/hr Hours Required = volume to be handled ~--~~~- LCV . grade.): Description of Scraper Use (origin.....): List Pusher Tractor(s) Used: Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure on next page): Scraper Productivity Calculations: Cycle Time = ____ min + ____ min + ______ min + ____ min = ___ min load time loaded trip time maneuver and spread time return trip time Hourly Production = _____ LCV capacity fI X 60 min/hr .. ~-~-~~- hourly production = ..hr * Use the average of the struck and ~ capacities. capacity. Push Tractor Productivity Calculations: Pusher Cycle Time = _ _ _ _ _ _ _ min scraper load time scraper cycle time X pusher factor = _ _ _ _ _ min Scrapers/Pusher = _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ min _ _ _ _ _ _ min pusher cycle time = ____ scrapers Pusher Hours Required = _ _ _ _ _ _ hr scraper hours scrapers per pusher = _____ hr (round up) Data Source(s): A-14 04/05/00 ..

While the formulas and other guides in this manual are entirely satisfactory for most earthmoving jobs.5 c.. the reader should note that more sophisticated haulage analyses can be quickly accomplished through the use of a computer.I• • ~ A. or production capabilities. BackTrack Loading • • • • c:::::> 1-.__ 1 I I \ u I •• I • • L. and does not attempt to deal with other forms of earthmoving or production. Shuttle Loading Modified from Terex. (918) 445-5802.0 \ '--. A-15 04/05/00 .--. or that costs related to their ownership and operation will be as indicated.> 1. 1981. •• 1.• • • I I I -------~-------------_/ I 1. Tulsa.3 ¢::::=J • • • [W:. prepared by TEREX. It will also serve as a reference for those professional consulting engineers who prepare complete job analyses. and must apply his own experience and know-how to temper the estimate. or the costs for owning and operating earthmoving equipment. ·Production and Cost Estimating of Material Movement and Earthmoving Equipment. The following disclaimer pertains to the above illustration from Terex.5 B." This manual is a fundamental text on estimating the production and cost of moving materials. This manual. the user must make judgements. OK 74107. It is intended for people associated with the construction industry who prepare job estimates or who evaluate the performance of earthmoving equipment and related costs. or the illustrative figures given for machine life.____________________ Date: __________________ Prepared by: ___________________ ~~ect: WORKSHEET 118 (continued) PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE PUSHER FACTORS Single Push Tandem Push • I • • c::=>----.5 2. or the production of such earthmoving equipment should be construed as any form of guarantee that these machines will have any such specific service life. formulas.j I I 1. While this manual outlines the basic factors or parameters on which estimates can be made. A metric version of this manual is also available. Data Source(s): TEREX AMERICAS. The manual can be used as a supplementary text in those schools and colleges offering formal training in earthmoving techniques. and other notations in this manual which reflect actual on-the-job conditions. none of the statements in this manual. Chlin Loacing E i • • ---'> --~---1 . While efforts have been made to utilize percentages. of which the earthmoving fundamentals covered in this text are only one element Estimating the production and costs of earthmoving equipment is not an exact science.3 ~--~ 1. deals with rubbertired and track-laying equipment.

Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 12 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR MOTORGRADER USE Earthmoving Activity: Characterization of Grader Used (type..560 ft2 = efficiency factor ac/hr Hours Required = area to be scarified ac + hourly production ac/hr = hr Total Hours Required Total Hours = grading hours required + . etc. grade.): Description of Grader Route (push distance.560 ft2 X _ _ _ _ __ =____ ac/hr -:------:-_----:----::_ ac/hr hourly production efficiency factor Hours Required = _ _~~--:--~ac area to be graded = _ _ _ _ _ hr Scarification Hourly Production = average speed X mi/hr X scarifier width ft X 5... effective blade width. etc.. size capacity. operating speed.280 ftImi X 1 ac/43..): Productivity Calculations: Grading Hourly Production = _ _ _ _ _ mi/hr X _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ft X average speed effective blade width 5.280 ftImi X 1 ac/43.= ____ hr scarification hours required Data Source(s): A-16 04/05/00 ....

Data Source(s): A-17 04/05/00 . ** Account for multiple units in truck and/or scraper teams.Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 13 SUMMARY CALCULATION OF EARTHMOVING COSTS Equipment * Ownership & Operation Cost ($/hr) Labor Cost ($/hr) Total Hours Required ** Total Cost *** ($) Grand Total * Include all necessary attachments and accessories for each item of equipment. Also. add support equipment such as water wagons and graders to match total project time as appropriate. *** To compute Total Cost: Add Ownership & Operation Cost and Labor Cost columns then multiply by Total Hours Required column.

fertilizing & mulching = $./ac area to be planted planting + $ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.~-~-- -~~~- ~ ~~-~~-~--~-------------------------------- Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 14 REVEGETATION COSTS Name and Description of Area To Be Revegetated: Description of Revegetation Activities: Cost Calculation for Individual Revegetation Activities: Initial Seeding _ _ _ _ _ _ ac X ($ _ _ _ _ _ _ _. and rill and gully repair./ac area to be planted failure rate* planting & unreleased disturbed areas + $_--:--:-:-:-:-_---. irrigation. If anticipated failure rates vary within the area proposed for disturbance.) Other Costs =$_ _ _ _ __ = $_ _ _ _ _ _ _ TOTAL REVEGETATION COST Identify failure rate and basis./ac area to be seeded seedbed preparation + $ _ _ _ _ _ _. Use additional worksheets if necessary. Data Source(s): A-18 04/05/00 ._ _ _ _ __ Planting Trees and Shrubs _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ac X ($ _ _ _ _ _.:Iac) = $_ _ __ herbicide treatment Other Necessary Revegetation Activities (Examples of other activities that may be necessary include soil sampling./ac) seeding./ac) herbicide treatment = $ _ _ _ _ __ Reseeding _ _ _ _ _ _ ac X _ _ _ _ X ( area to be seeded failure rate* & unreleased disturbed areas $ seedbed preparation lac + $ seeding.. fertilizing & mulching lac) = $ _ _ __ Replanting Trees and Shrubs _ _ _ _ _ _ ac X _ _ _ _ X ($ _ _ _ _ _ _. use a separate worksheet for the area subject to each failure rate. Describe each activity and provide a cost estimate with documentation.

Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 15 OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS (Subsidence damage repair costs. calculations. Repair or Pollution Abatement Activity: Assumptions: Cost Estimate Calculations: TOTAL COSTS Other Documentation or Notes: = $----------- (Include additional sheets.) Description of Reclamation. water supply replacement costs. as necessary to document estimate. maps. funds required to support long-term treatment of unanticipated acid or ferruginous mine drainage. etc.) Data Source(s): A-19 04/05/00 . etc..

Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

WORKSHEET 16 RECLAMATION BOND SUMMARY SHEET

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Total Facility and Structure Removal Costs Total Earthmoving Costs Total Revegetation Costs Total Other Reclamation Activities Costs Total Direct Costs (sum of Lines 1 through 4)
Inflated Total Direct Costs (Line 5 x inflation factor *)

$ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $
$

6.

7.

Mobilization/Demobilization (_% of Line 6) (1% to 10% of Line 6) Contingencies (_ _% of Line 6) (3% to 5% of Line 6) Engineering Redesign Fee (__ % of Line 6) (2.5% to 6% of Line 6) Contractor Profit! Overhead (_% of Line 6) (see Graph 1) Project Management Fee (_ _ % of Line 6) (see Graph 2)
Total Indirect Costs (sum of Lines 7 through 11)

8.

9.
10.

11.

$ $ $

12.

13.

GRAND TOTAL BOND AMOUNT (sum of Lines 6 and 12)

*

Inflation factor

=

ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr ENR CCI for mo/yr 5 years prior to current mo/yr

= _____ = _____

Identify current month/year used in formula above: _ _ __ Identify prior month/year used in formula above: ENR = Engineering News Record, McGraw-Hili Construction Information Group, New York, NY; http://www.enr.com. Formula assumes permit term or time until next bond adequacy evaluation is 5 years. Adjust timeframe as necessary.

A-20

04/05/00

Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

WORKSHEET 17 SUMMARY SHEET FOR DETERMINING AMOUNT OF BOND TO RETAIN AT PHASE I RELEASE

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Remaining Structure Removal Costs Remaining Earthmoving Costs Remaining Revegetation Costs Remaining Other Reclamation Activities Costs Remaining Total Direct Costs (sum of Lines 1 through 4)

$ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $

6.

Remaining Inflated Total Direct Costs (Line 5 x inflation factor *)
Mobilization! Demobilization (_% of Line 6) (1% to 10% of Line 6) Contingencies ( (3% to 5% of Line 6) % of Line 6)

7.

8. 9.
10.

Engineering Redesign Fee (_ _% of Line 6) (2.5% to 6% of Line 6)

Contractor Profit and Overhead (_% of Line 6) $ (see Graph 1) Project Management Fee (_ _% of Line 6) (see Graph 2)

11.

$ $ $

12.

Total Indirect Costs (sum of Lines 7 through 11)
AMOUNT OF BOND TO RETAIN AFTER PHASE I RELEASE (sum of Lines 6 and 12)

13.

*

Inflation factor

= ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr = _____ = - - - ENR CCI for mo/yr x years prior to current mo/yr

Identify current month/year used in formula above: _ _ __ Identify prior month/year used in formula above: ENR = Engineering News Record, McGraw-Hili Construction Information Group, New York, NY; http://www.enr.com.

x years

= minimum revegetation responsibility period for site.
A-21
04/05/00

Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: Prepared by: - - - - - - - - -

WORKSHEET 17 (continued) SUMMARY SHEET FOR DETERMINING AMOUNT OF BOND TO RETAIN AT PHASE I RELEASE

14.

Al1'Iount of Bond Required at Time of Application for Release (original bond amount as modified by any adjustments)

$

15.

Minimum Amount of Bond That Must Be Retained by Law ** (0.4 x Line 14)

$

16.

AMOUNT OF BOND TO RETAIN AFTER PHASE I RELEASE (enter Line 13 or Line 15, whichever is greater)

$

17.

PHASE I RELEASE AMOUNT (subtract Line 16 from Line 14)

$

**

Section 519(c)(1) of SMCRA limits Phase I bond release to no more than 60 percent of the amount of bond posted for the site. Therefore, we must retain at least 40 percent of the amount of bond required under 30 CFR 800.14, as modified by any adjustments under 30 CFR 800.15.

A-22

04/05/00

-----------

--

--- ----------

----------------------

Project: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

WORKSHEET 18 SUMMARY SHEET FOR DETERMINING AMOUNT OF BOND TO RETAIN AT PHASE II RELEASE 1. 2. 3. Remaining Revegetation Costs Remaining Other Reclamation Activities Costs Remaining Total Direct Costs (sum of Lines 1 and 2)
Remaining Inflated Tota/ Direct Costs (Line 3 x inflation factor *)

$_ _ _ _ _ _ _ $_ _ _ _ _ _ _ $ _ _ _ _ _ __

4.

$, _ _ _ _ _ __
$._ _ _ _ __

5.

Mobilizationl Demobilization (_ _of Line 4) (1% to 10% of Line 4) Contingencies ( (3% to 5% of Line 4)
% of Line 4)

6.

$._----$._-----

7.
8.

Engineering Redesign Fee (_._% of Line 4) (2.5% to 6% of Line 4)

Contractor Profit and Overhead (_% of Line 4) $_ _ _ _ _ __ (see Graph 1) Project Management Fee (_ _% of Line 4) (see Graph 2)
Tota/lndirect Costs (sum of Lines 5 through 9)

9.
10.

$._----$._-----

11.

AMOUNT OF BOND TO RETAIN AFTER PHASE II RELEASE (sum of Lines 4 and 10) Amount of Bond Remaining After Phase I Release PHASE II RELEASE AMOUNT (subtract Line 11 from Line 12)

$_----$_----$_-----

12. 13.

*

Innation factor

= ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr = _____ = ____
ENR CCI for mo/yr x years prior to current mo/yr

Identify current month/year used in formula above: _ _ __ Identify prior month/year used in formula above: ENR = Engineering News Record, McGraw-Hili Construction Information Group, New York, NY; http://www.enr.com. x years

= minimum revegetation responsibility period for site.

Note:

Attach a separate sheet describing and documenting costs associated with any special or unusual conditions (such as prime farmland restoration) not already discussed on one of the other worksheets.

A-23

04/05/00

04/05/00 .---------------~-----~~------------------------- APPENDIX 8 EXAMPLES The examples do not represent active operations today. They are presented to show the application of the Handbook methodology to various types of operations.

cumulative): permit area If Incremental: Increment Number: Increment Acreage: If Cumulative: Acres previously authorized for disturbance: New acres proposed for disturbance: Type of Operation: Location: Prepared by: Date: Underground USA R. incremental.000 81 .1 Permitted Acreage:~2~0~_ _ _ _ __ Bonding Scheme (permit area.- - - ----------_.------. 1999 Total Bond Amount: $ 904. -~.1 .----- ---------------------------- BOND AMOUNT COMPUTATION Applicant: Underground Example Permit Number: Example No. Bond December 2. R.

o:. These manmade benches provide the needed work space to access the mine.5 rebar @ 12 inches o. starting with the installation of a sedimentation pond near the lower boundary of the site. and topsoil stockpiles. floor . and ventilation. a series of highwalls must be constructed to form benches due to the steep slopes of the mountain in this area. Next.:.. will be constructed of concrete block on a poured thin. An administration/change facility and a shop/warehouse facility will be constructed during the first 3 years of operations.. the applicant proposes to install the coal processing equipment.. The 6-inch thick concrete floor is designed of 4.60'x220'x6" thick. the operator plans to start three underground entries for the manway. One shop building. The mine plan outlines the proposed development sequence for the underground operation. Two explosive magazines are planned.Project: ----!.:nd=---_ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 1 DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO The worst-case situation for forfeiture would be after all the improvements have been built. The second floor will be of plywood floor over wood floor joists. The following discussion will present the tasks needed to be performed for returning the mine site to the original premining condition. Each entry will receive corrugated arches for about 50 feet into the mountainside. c. Two steel buildings: 1O'x1 O'x8' high.000 psi concrete. roads. The cost of demolition includes the cost of removing the thin slab. A two-story administration building. portable units will house these early facilities.U:-=n-=de~rg'!::ro~u!!!:nd~E!:::!x~am~p~le=----­ Date: ----!1==2J=02J~99=-------Prepared by: ----'R. materials/conveyor. In addition. reinforced concrete slab floor. most surface mine-related structures and facilities will be removed.:.) 1. These steel MSHA-approved buildings will be set on a thin concrete slab and must be removed to meet the postmining land use.:::. During the construction period.. Buildings and Facilities a. Concurrently."'-"R"c. reinforced with No.:.2 . Following the installation of the sediment pond. e. (See Figures B-1 through B-3 at end of worksheets. The demolition cost includes removal of the slab. Two reinforced concrete aprons of 60'x50'x6" thick are planned at each end of the building.::B<. b. diversion ditches. the applicant plans to install all the site culverts. Most of these improvements are required for the life of the coal mine. B1 . sized 60'x120'x18'. This would require the third-party contractor the greatest time and dollars to reclaim.c. will be constructed of insulated sheet metal. The demolition size will be: building60'x120'x18'. Structure Demolition When returning the site to the postmining land use.w. benches. high enough to accommodate the mine and haul equipment. sized 60'x60'x18'. This includes all buildings and other manmade items not identified for postmining land use.

B~o~nd-:------ WORKSHEET 1 (continued) DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO d. The water supply includes a 20'x30'xS' treatment building constructed of insulated sheet metal on a thin. and the diversionditch area must be backfilled and graded prior to topsoiling and revegetation. This system transmits the coal from the mine to the loadout structure some 1300 feet from the mine mouth. The applicant proposes three corrugated metal pipe (CMP) culverts sized to handle the on-site drainage. and loadout. reinforced concrete slab.3 .3-mile powerline to a substation within the mine site.Project: ~U~n-:=de~rg~ro~u~nd~E!:::!x~am~p~le=--_ _ Date: 12102199 Prepared by: ----. Much of the earthwork associated with bench elimination will be by scrapers and bulldozers to create pre-mining slopes. the sedimentation pond. Each of these benches will be eliminated when returning the site to the approximate original contour (AOC). The primary entry lines consist of four wires sized 2/0 and attached to overhead poles spaced at 250 feet. In addition. 81 .R~. the bench/stockpile areas. g. The various riprap sections can remain as channel protection. The items that need to be removed are: 300' conveyor belt from the mine to the primary processing structure Primary processing structure =3S'x40'x60' high 4S0' conveyor belt from primary processing structure to the stacker Stacker = is' diameter x 90' is' diameter x 100' 290' conveyor from the stacker to the secondary-processing structure Secondary-processing structure = 30'x3S'x40' high 230' conveyor belt from the secondary-processing structure to the loadout structure Loadout structure = 20'x20'x60' high e. Each of these structures will be connected with a conveyor belt. The cost of demolition includes the cost of removing the thin slab. storage.3029 LF 2.307 LF S4" cmp . Earthmoving Activities During the mine development.~R~. the applicant plans to create several benches on the mountainside to create work platforms. The on-site culverts to be removed will be: IS" cmp .I 32 LF 4S" cmp . The attached f. The applicant proposes a 2. Four structures are included for coal primary and secondary processing.

. The excavated materials will be stockpiled nearby. The topsoil stockpile will be adequate to return a depth of 6 inches to the mine area. 3..5 miles on the mine site. The ventilation access measures 10 feet in diameter. Revegetation The entire area will need seedbed preparation.. Because of the short growing season. 4. The applicant plans to rebuild 2 miles of old logging road and about 0.:..:.:....:.U::.:. Each entry has a corrugated arch support that extends about 50 feet into the mine.:nd==e::-:r9=-:ro::-=u::..4 . Topsoil volume is 16. The half-mile onsite road will be eliminated with the backfilling and grading portion on the reclamation. Removal of all piping and riprap will be necessary prior to backfilling and grading. NOTE: Worksheets 8. 5. The earthwork activities will include backfilling and grading the site and preparing the site (ripping) for topsoil placement. Other Reclamation Activities Three underground entries need to be closed. and the manway access is 25 feet on diameter.:B=o. Most appurtenances can be bull dozed into the pit and covered with backfill.:lP""le::. 9. 11A.300 cubic yards)...-_ _ Date: ~1~2J=02J=:9~9.Project: ---'. Local experience indicates a 50 percent failure on the revegetation due to this short growing season. the contractor will only have a few months per year when revegetation has a chance to survive. the material access is 12 feet in diameter.. A masonry wall will be erected to seal the entries prior to the covering with backfill materials..:. The sediment pond is less than 20 acre feet in volume and less than 20 feet deep. seeding. The mine plan requires 6 inches of topsoil removed and stockpiled before mine development could begin. fertilization._ _ _ __ Prepared by: ----'Rc.133 cubic yards.:. WORKSHEET 1 (continued) DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO mine plan map shows the contours and cross-sections that give the various locations and grades of the proposed development.:nd=---_ _ _ __ . and mulching.:.. Data Source(s): Mine plan.Ex=am..R.:.:nd:.. The mine plan states that 20 percent swell can be expected on the earth material.-:. 81 . 10. Topsoil Replacement The topsoil stockpile is located about 500 feet below the sediment pond. The dugout sedimentation pond includes all appurtenances necessary to make the pond function. The sediment pond area covers about I acre in size (32. 17 and 18 are not applicable to this example.

Conveyor system'" 2.200 SF 7.18" 0.:d_ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 2A STRUCTURE DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL COSTS Structures to be demolished: Item Construction Material Masonry Block Metal Metal Metal Metal Volume (cubic feet) 64..99~-----Prepared by: _:. Box 3403.328 288 864 15..576 LF 50 13. Demolition includes disposal with up to 20 mi.948 I = = $19.264 1. Shop Building 3.. conveyors.18" 0.400 145.30/LF $10. CO 80401.O. Power line..00/LF ••• Personal communication.800 84.728 12..:.R"-. 50 4.:.500 100. Cost breakdown: I $307.3 mi 3..:le. Removal of belt cover and pan Belt removal = Idler pUlly removal Tower and concrete removal and site grading = Total conveyor removal costs = .R.:. Explosives Magazine 4..300 LF 48. Western Power Administrator. etc.-!:E::!!xa=.600 1. 5. Continued on next page 81 .664 23....600 4..000 Unit Cost Basis ($) 0.800 129. Shop slab 1.. haul....18" Subtotal Other items to be demolished (paved roads.:.:. 2.320 1. Admin... Water System Bldg.Bo:.): Item Construction Material Metal 4-wire Wood Reinforced Concrete Volume Unit Cost Basis ($) 38/LF 3/LF 250/ea Demolition Cost ($) 11.93/LF $ 3.. Power poles. Golden.:..18" 0.n:. P.120 $51.:n. Electrical Engineer.--_ _ Date: ----:1"='2J'=O=:2J.:. utility poles.. . rail spurs. .58/LF $38.19/LF $ 4.:::d.5 .. Building 2.:m!!lp::!. 1985. Primary Processing Demolition Cost ($) 49.Project: ---!U::::n::::de7r~9r~ou=.60/SF* Subtotal I Debris Handling and Disposal Costs: .18" 0.. David Radesevich.

utility poles. etc.:.. Secondary Processing 2.000 33. ** Cost breakdown from Mine Plan.6 . Mine plan..--_ _ Date: 12102199 Prepared by: ----:R2!..am"."2R.50/LF* 2.493 Data Source(s): Means Site Work and Landscape Cost Data.:E=x:=.18* 0.:.Project: --:U"=nd=e~rg~ro:-=u..:nd::.50/LF* Demolition Cost ($) 330 768 7.. 81 . 48" Culvert** 3. 84" Culvert** Construction Material Metal Metal Metal Volume 132 LF 307 LF 3.18* Demolition Cost ($) 7. 1998. 18" Culvert*· 2.p::. Stacker 3.------- WORKSHEET 2B STRUCTURE DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL COSTS Structures to be demolished: Item 1..===a::::o:. rail spurs. conveyors.000 Unit Cost Basis ($/ct) 0.610 I Other items to be demolished (paved roads.26* 0. Subtotal I $8..:le.575 24.50/LF* 2.): Item 1..573 I Debris Handling and Disposal Costs: * Demolition includes disposal with up to a 20 miles haul.671 I TOTAL DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL (from Worksheets 2A and 2B) =$ 388.029 LF Unit Cost Basis ($) 2. Load Out Construction Material Metal Concrete Metal Volume (cubic feet) 42.320 I Subtotal I $20.nd-.:.560 8.730 4.

110 20.533 Origin Destination Haul Distance (tt) 500 average 500 average 500 average 500 average 1. 81 .814 12.R. (% grade) Scraper and Dozer (D9R-SU) work concurrently.555 25. Ripping 7. Sedimentation Pond** 5.133 64.100 Grade * (%) 10 8 10 8 10 Equipment To Be Used 627F scraper with D8N push tractor D9R-SU dozer 627F scraper with D8N push tractor D9R-SU dozer 627F scraper with D8N push tractor D7R-SU dozer with 3shank ripper 14G grader 1. Site Grading** 2. Sedimentation Pond** 4. Bond WORKSHEET 3 MATERIAL HANDLING PLAN SUMMARY Earthmoving Activity Volume (LeY) 41.907 16. Site Grading** 3.Project: Date: Prepared by: Underground Example 12102199 R. Topsoil 6. Haul Road Maintenance Benches Benches Embankment Embankment Stockpile General Contouring General Contouring Pond Area Pond Area Disturbed Area Disturbed Area Disturbed Area * ** Record grade resistance here.7 .

777 1.450 400 18.::.R=.778 20 25.332 BID C/D DID Boundary TOTALS 51. Data Source(s): Mine plan.:..9--:-_ _ _ __ Prepared by: ---=.:..556 20 21.148 1..e_ _ Date: --=:1?:21=-=02l:::::9:. WORKSHEET 4A EARTHWORK QUANTITY CROSSSECTIONI STATION 0 DISTANCE BETWEEN STATIONS (ft) END AREA (ft2) VOLUME (yd 3 )* ADJUSTMENT FACTOR (%)** ADJUSTED VOLUME (LCY) 0 400 7.8 . 81 .666 * Volume is BCY or LCY as appropriate.630 0 20 5.Rc..=B=on=d_ _ _ __ .m%pl::.::e~rg:7ro:!:!un.::U~nd:.050 450 20.388 61. ** Select adjustment factor based on the state of material being moved.:.000 20 9.!::E:!!:xa::..833 1.Project: -.!!:d.000 250 4.

720 LCY .25. X 43560 SF lac.111 LCY Estimate 1/3rd moved by scraper and the remainder by dozer: Scraper Volume Dozer Volume =61. (from mine plan) =(20 ac. 81 .814 LCY = 12.5 ft) 127 CY/CF =16.0 ft..814 LCY Estimate 1/3rd moved by scraper and the remainder by dozer: Scraper Volume Dozer Volume = 38.555 LCY Sediment Pond Regrade Embankment Cut Volume = 32.:::d~_ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 4B EARTHWORK QUANTITY Site Grading Bench Cut Earthwork Volume =61.666 LCY . X 43560 SF lac.267 BCY X 1.!:B~on:.5 ft.111 LCY =20. X 0.906 LCY Topsoil Replacement Cover depth for 20 ac.666 LCY (see Worksheet 4A) =2/3 X 61. X 2 ft) I 27 CY/CF = 64.:.2 =38.267 BCY (from mine plan) Swell = 20% Earthwork Volume =32. disturbed area =2. disturbed area Earthwork Volume =0.Project: Date: Prepared by: Underground Example 12102199 ---!R.R~'c.533 BCY Data Source(s): Mine plan.9 .!. (from mine plan) Volume = (20 ac.720 LCY =25..133 LCY Ripping Ripping depth for 20 ac.720 LCY =213 X 38.666 LCY = 41.41.

the yardage are combined and the total hours required determined.51 Net Hourly Production =_--'2=.~~---- 33..906 CY (from Worksheet 48) Characterization of Dozer Used (type.95 material factor X . Site located 8000 feet above sea level.-_ _ _ LCV/hr X __. Description of Dozer Use (origin..555 CY + 12.85 grade factor X 2.:n::::.d_ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 5A PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: 1) Backfill and rough grade sediment pond.83 efficiency factor X ..): 500 LF push distance at 10% effective grade. material. Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = X .:5.:.B~o:!.10 . 2) rough grade bench site.. the majority is assumed to be average.0 visibility factor X 1.~R.:0:.= normal hourly production operating adjustment factor 128 LCV/hr Hours Required = -~~~.Project: Date: Prepared by: Underground Example 12102199 ~R~.0 elevation factor = .462 LCV + volume to be moved --~~----- 128 LCV/hr = net hourly production -~~--- 261 hr Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook..550 21500 weight correction factor 1.-. some material is blasted rock.): D9R dozer with "Semi-U or SU" Blade = 250 cy/hr.. size... destination. however.. etc... grade.5::. haul distance.0 production method/blade factor X 1. TOTAL YARDAGE = 20. NOTE: Since these two tasks have similar characteristics in push distance and grade..:1-:-:--_:-:---:----:. Edition 28.75 operator factor X . etc. 81 .

Bo=.9--.-_ _ _ _ __ .:.:n:7. msl..t:p:.1-=.---~~---~-- -------------------- Project: ----'U.::nd=-E=x::::a::. destination...:9. etc..1.. size. Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = operator factor X ____ X material factor efficiency factor X _ _ _ __ grade factor X _--:--:-_ _ X _ _:---:--_ _ X --:-:-:--=:--_ X -:----:-:-_ _ weight production visibility elevation correction method/blade factor factor factor factor = _____ Net Hourly Production = _______ LCV/hr normal hourly production X _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ operating adjustment factor = _____ LCV/hr HoursRequired = ____----'_ _ _ LCV + _______ LCV/hr = _---=. 81 .): D8N dozer with a "SU" Blade.d::::er~go=ro:.:..m!.): Scrapers loaded with Back-track Loading Method.::d:.::u:.. (86 hr+ 30 hr= 116 hr) Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook. Characterization of Dozer Used (type.:.=..:.:n.:.:... equipment working @ 8000 feet. Edition 28.::le--Date: ---'1==21:::0:=21:.. material. etc.::.. Description of Dozer Use (origin..:...11 . haul distance.:..-_ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 5B PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Push tractor to assist loading scrapers. grade. Prepared by: _R:.6* _ hr _ volume to be moved net hourly production *See Worksheets 118-1 and 118-2.R:..

effective blade width.:0___ mi/hr X average speed _ _1.62 Hourly Production = --.Project: Date: Prepared by: Underground Example 12102199 R.280 ftlmi X 1 ac/43.12 .000-foot elevation..0 production method/blade factor X 1..): D6R wi an ii-foot wide "Straight or S"-blade. operating speed.83=--_ _ efficiency factor X 1.7c.::5:.5 net hourly production aclhr 8... etc..!. size.0 grade factor X 1.R.....!. Description of Dozer Use (% grade...0 material factor X _--=.0 hourly production ac/hr X ..560 ftz = _.. Characterization of Dozer Used (type.:.:.. 2. etc...0 hr Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.. Edition 28.0 visibility factor X 1.0=--_ _ aclhr Net Hourly Production = 4. 81 .-___ ft X effective blade width 5.. 8..:.-__ X operator factor X 1.:..::3:.4:.): Operates along contour at 0% average grade..1.0 elevation factor = ..0 weight correction factor 1.62 operating adjustment factor = = 2. Bond WORKSHEET 6 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE-GRADING Earthmoving Activity: Final (contour) grading.:..5 ac/hr Hours Required = 20 area to be graded ac . Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = _.

ripper has a 39 inch (3..6"-'6=--__ min/pass [speed] fixed turn time • Productivity Calculation: Cycle Time = ( 1....:er~g:.1-=-21.~B~on~d!.z.:. bank volume to be ripped hourly production 20.e_ __ Date: --...--_ BCY + _-=3'1.. The D7R bulldozer is to be for miscellaneous tasks during the life of the project (see Worksheet 13)....Project: -:U~n:..000 cut length ft Passes/Hour = 60 min/hr'" = 11.7:...S:.2:..... Calculate separate dozer hauling of ripped material for each lift on that worksheet.:d:.~8~3_ __ efficiency factor = __4":"':.4:.:.0..:ro:::un:..:.8 BCY/hr •• Hours Required = _--.7:22:...:5'---_ ft X tool penetration cut spacing 1.~2__ BCY/pass Hourly Production = __. 0.25 minlturn is normal.!R:. 81 . cut spacing. Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.083. and material to be ripped): Ripping depth 2 feet Ripping effective width = =3.:..66 cycle time min/pass X _:::.::d~E::!x~a~m~pl:.83=.000 cut length = __7!.:.0=--_ _ ft X ----=9:.2~2!::.2S-foot) pocket spacing Description of Ripping (ripping depth...:....:.::..:7 ___ passeslhr = 3.:2:.75 feet + 88 ttlmin) + _--=. Remember to use the swell factor to convert from bank cubic yards to loose cubic yards when applying these data to Worksheet 5. cut length.13 ...-_ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 7 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR RIPPER-EQUIPPED DOZER USE RiDDina Activity: This unit will be used for ripping the site prior to topsoil placement as well as additional miscellaneous site maintenance activities for the life of the reclamation contract.!:..6::.4.:.°. 8___ BCY/hr = ..:. The ripping activity will involve 20 acres..3=--_ _ _ min = _-"1-"1.:..7_ _ passes/hr Volume Cut/Pass _~2=...R!.9 hr Use 231 hours··· Fixed turn time depends upon dozer used.::. Characterization of Dozer and Ripper Use: D7R w/ SU blade and 3-shank adjustable parallelogram ripper.:2=-_ BCY/pass X _.:..:3:..25 feet X 3 =9...:.:.:. Edition 28.:3.=O=21~9~9-:-_ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _!.=..

.m!!..6 scrapers pusher cycle time (Use 2) Pusher Hours Required = _---'1:..9::.".95 min + scraper cycle time . capacity. NOTE: Since these two tasks have similar grade and haul distances.... 500' return @ (-)4% effective grade List Pusher Tractor(s) Used: D8N dozer will assist the scraper in loading. the yardage can be added together and hours required determined...!:E""xa::!.814 cy (from Worksheet 4B)..:..5. Edition 28.-.. = Characterization of Scraper Used (type..5 min + Time load time .::2::..5___- LCV _ _. etc.::5'--___ min X _1.. capacity Description of Scraper Route: 500' haul @ 10% effective grade.--_ efficiency factor = _3=.::..:2=--_LCV/hr Hours Required = -:---=6:..:8.6 min + . Scraper Productivity Calculations: Cycle = .a.. Push Tractor Productivity Calculations: Pusher Cycle Time = _ _.9.:.14 ..:6:___:__.Project: ----::uc=n~de7r~gr_='ou::!..:.B~o:""n-:-d.=R=:..7.9:....7=--__ LCV capacity" volume to be handled 60min/hr + 1.1:.3 min = loaded maneuver and return trip spread time time trip time X 1.. : :3:....:6.): Cat 627F Non-push pull 14 cy (struck) + 20 cy (heaped) = 17 cy avg.5_ _ _ scraper load time pusher factor = _-=.hr (round up) Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.. : .:.000 feet above sea level.111 cy + 25.95 cycle time min X _.tp<!!le'---Date: 12102199 Prepared by: ---:R~..:2_ _ _ Lcv/hr = __1~7:.n""d.. Total yardage 41.07-=1'--_ hr scraper hours + __-=2=--__ scrapers per pusher = ~.. Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure): Back-track loading method with 1 push tractor..55 min + ..- WORKSHEET 11 B-1 PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE Earthmoving Activity: 1) Backfill and grade benches and 2) backfill sediment pond.75 min = 2.:..-_ _ hr hourly production * Use the average of the struck and ~ capacities.. 81 . Site located 8..:.7-=5'--__ min Scrapers/Pusher = 1.. ..95 min HourlyProduction = _1.

1.:.:.on.1. 81 ..133 cy.=0:--__ hr scraper hours __-=2~**__ scrapers per pusher = _-=3:.): Cat 621F Non-push pull 11 cy avg.:..:.:B.85 cycle time min X .5____ min = _.25 loaded trip time min + .:::d'--_ _ _ __ .6 maneuver and spread time min + . 14 cy (struck) + 20 cy (heaped) Characterization of Scraper Used (type. List Pusher Tractor(s) Used: D8N dozer will assist the scraper in loading.6.:.:.:0::::21.::. Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure below): Back-track loading method with 1 push tractor.100' haul @ 10% effective grade.:..Project: ----'U=-=:n:=. Push Tractor Productivity Calculations: Pusher Cycle Time = _ _.:... Edition 28..1.m""p:..:.:.000 feet above sea level.nd=-E=x..:. Scraper Productivity Calculations: Cycle Time = .=le--Date: -:1::=21:.8=---_ scrapers scraper cycle time pusher cycle time Pusher Hours Required = __-=6.. etc.8:.::3c::3_ _ _ LCY volume to be handled _ _--'2=.5~_~_ min X _--. capacity...::5=---_ _ min + _--=.:..85 min Hourly Production = 11 capacity * LCY X 60 min/hr + 2.. WORKSHEET 11 B-2 PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE Earthmoving Activity: Haul and spread topsoil.:R.6::. site is located 8...::0'--~-hr (round up) ** Two scrapers used to match Worksheet 118-1.100' return @ (-)4% effective grade..15 efficiency factor = 268 LCY/hr Hours Required = _---'-1.:.:. Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook..1:.:.:::a::..:..9--:-_ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _.R:.5 return trip time min = 2... = Description of Scraper Route: 1.:-.::8'--_ _ LCY/hr = _-=6c=0___ hr hourly production * Use the average of the struck and heaped capacities..L. capacity.3.:::d""er~g~roc=u:..:..5 load time min + 1.:::9:::.:1c.5___ min Scrapers/Pusher = _ _--=2.5~:---:__ pusher factor scraper load time = _.15 . (from Worksheet 48)... 16.

.--Date: 12102199 Prepared by: ----. Push E I • • r::::::=::> ----.-.~ -- ~--..1981 Data Source(s): Illustration from "Production and Cost Estimating of Material Movement and Earthmoving Equipment.---------------------_/ ~ '--al I • • r--:-> I I ••• I •• 1.:am.0 A.:::n=de~rg~ro::. 81 .3 1.:E==x::. Shl.on-:d----- WORKSHEET 11 B (continued) PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE PUSHER FACTORS SIngle Push T dem . Worksheet 118. OK 74107.> 1. (918) 445-5802. Tulsa.3 1.R~.I • • t..:.••• I I ~ • •Ir.:.==B::::. See disclaimer in Appendix A.=u!.Clle Loading I 1.16 .. Chain Loading •••• ---> --\---..:lp::.5 2." TEREX AMERICAS.!:nd::.5 Modified from Terex...5 B.R:::..Project: ----=:U:.-.-j C. Back Track Loading I-I I I \ U aJ I_.:le::.

and maintenance work around the site..1-=-2f:.): Productivity Calculations: Grading Hourly Production = ______ mi/hr average speed X ---:~_~_ _ X _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ft X 5..- efficiency factor = _ _ _ _ _ ac/hr ac + hourly production ac/hr Hours Required = area to be scarified = _ _ _ _ _ hr Total Hours Required Total Hours = + grading hours required scarification hours required 231* = _-=='-'-____ hr * Motorgrader is to be used for the project life of the reclamation contract (see Worksheet 13).::::d.m!!. effective blade width.. Edition 28.n. final grading of topsoil prior to seeding..::O""2f~99"__:_-----Prepared by: ---. size capacity. Description of Grader Route (push distance.hr Scarification Hourly Production = ______ mi/hr X _ _ _ _ _ _ ft X 5.:.. Characterization of Grader Used (type.. Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook. to assist in final grading prior to topSOil placement. clean-up. grade. The motorgrader. operating speed. etc.!.Project: ---"U~n:. along with the D7R bulldozer/ripper will be used for the life of the reclamation contract (131 hours). etc.): Caterpillar 14G.!R..!:E:!!:xa:::!..:.560 ft2 average speed scarifier width X ____.tp::!!le<--_ _ Date: ----. This unit will be working at 8."B::."...000 feet...de~r~gr~ou:::!.560 ft2 effective blade width efficiency factor = ____ ac/hr ac + hourly production ---:----:---- Hours Required = -----:-----:-- ac/hr area to be graded = .280 ftlmi X 1 acl43. msl. equipped with EROPS and scarifier.:.. 81 -17 . d_ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 12 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR MOTORGRADER USE Earthmoving Activity: The motorgrader will be used for maintaining haul roads.:o:. :n.Rc.280 ftImi x 1 acJ43.:. 215 horsepower.

61 24.:B=o:.22 59.61 24. Cost Reference Guide for Construction Equipment.72 80..:. 81 .61 24..:::n=de~rg~ro::_=u:.20 69.98 Labor Cost ($/hr) 24.:nd=--_ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 13 SUMMARY CALCULATION OF EARTHMOVING COSTS Equipment * Ownership & Operation Cost ($/hr) 115.79 76.r::.333 I * Include all necessary attachments and accessories for each item of equipment.. add support equipment such as water wagons and graders to match total project time as appropriate..R.61 18. Data Source(s): PRIMEDIA Information.:.pl~e-­ Date: ----:1~2J~02J::9=9'-..416 12.:.61 24.. (Total scraper time. Inc.50 Total Hours Required ** 171+60 = 231 116 8 231 261 231 231 Total Cost *** ($) 32..000 gal Water Tanker I ** Account for multiple units in truck and/or scraper teams..:.197 563 23..61 24.m:.384 35.62 113.-----Prepared by: ---=R"'""-.974 19. Also.:. Grand Total I $144.:..360 20.Project: ----::U:.439 627F Scraper D8N-SU Push Tractor D6R-S Dozer D7R-SU Dozer D9R-SU Dozer 14G Grader 6.) *** To compute Total Cost: Add Ownership & Operation Cost and Labor Cost columns then multiply by Total Hours Required column..:nd=-=Ex""a::.18 ..54 45.

.. Description of Revegetation Activities: The local NRCS office provided a cost of $425 per acre for seeding.250 Replanting Trees and Shrubs _ _ _ _ _ _ ac X X area to be planted failure rate* ($ _ _ _ _ _ _o/ac + planting $_~----o/ac) = $_ _ __ herbicide treatment Other Necessary Revegetation Activities (Examples of other activities that may be necessary include soil sampling. the local NRCS office.-=-0_ __ Planting Trees and Shrubs _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ac X area to be planted ($ _ _ _ _ _ _o/ac + planting $_--:-~_:__-----.. 81 -19 .1'=21:. and rill and gully repair..:.:..:d=--_ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 14 REVEGETATION COSTS Name and Description of Area To Be Revegetated: Total disturbed area =20 acres...7=50"--_ _ * A failure rate of 50 percent is assumed based on other reclamation in the area (see Worksheet 1). Cost Calculation for Individual Revegetation Activities: Initial Seeding 20 ac X area to be seeded ($_-:-:--:--_----:-:--_o/ac + $ seedbed preparation 425 lac) seeding. fertilizing & mulching = S 4.::0. irrigation..-.:.. and mulching.:n:."e_ __ Date: ----.!R..:.:.0.oR!.-"m""pl".5.9--:-_ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: _!.Project: ---=U..d. "" Cost included with earthmoving expense in initial seeding and not needed for reseeding.:1..:. Describe each activity and provide a cost estimate with documentation.:B""on.L!.::0=21=-9:::.:d. fertilizing... Data Source(s): Mine plan./ac) = $_ _ _ _ __ herbicide treatment Reseeding 20 ac X ..::..:. Assuming that no seedbed preparation is needed for reseeding effort.. Use additional worksheets if necessary.:.=un:..50 area to be seeded failure rate* x ( $.2.:::er~g""ro:.o..) Other Costs =$_ _ __ TOTAL REVEGETATION COST = $.. seedbed preparation lac + S 425 lac) seeding. fertilizing & mulching = $---=8.E=<x""a.

...:.. manway. and material.063 CF Masonry Wall 39 245 57 341 SF Cost Estimate Calculations: Pneumatically filled materials Masonry walls 17.=n=de~rg:::ro=-=u::. Manway 3..272 2.-_ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 15 OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS (Subsidence damage repair costs.B:. water supply replacement costs.827 17. etc..::...964 12.427 Other Documentation or Notes: (Include additional sheets..11/CF = $ 18. Repair or Pollution Abatement Activity: Sealing three mine entries: ventilation. The sealing will be as follows: 1) each entryway will be pneumatically filled for 50 feet and 2) a masonry wall will be installed at the entrance.:::o:.36/SF = $ 1.m:.:.. funds required to support long-term treatment of unanticipated acid or ferruginous mine drainage..-----~----------- ----- --------~-------------------------- Project: ~U..!..487 TOTAL = $ 20. Assumptions: Backfill 1. as necessary to document estimate.940 341 SF X $4. 81 -20 .-_ _ _ __ Prepared by: ---. Materials 1.e_ _ Date: --:1'='21'=021==-'99.063 CF X $1.. Ventilation 2...) Description of Reclamation.:. calculations.:..R..:...:.pl:.:n=-d=Ex=a::.:R.) Data Source(s): Local AML contract figures. etc..:. maps.:::nd:...

..!.333 $ $ 12.. B1 .:.::B:.::o!..965 11.Project: ----:..R.....667 6.U7nd~e~rg~ro::!:u!.... 2..750 20.. Adjust time frame as necessary.enr.451 9. Formula assumes permit term or time until next bond adequacy evaluation is 5 years.157 $ 144.41~9.!._ _ ._ _ 6008 5405 = 1.. 150..21 .....451 $ 629.!!lp~le'---­ Date: ----:1~2J='02J=:9::::9:...904 (round to $ 904. Engineering Redesign Fee (. 8..112 Identify MonthNear used in formula above: current prior ENR = Englneerfng News Record. Inflated Total Direct Costs (Line 5 x inflation factor *) Mobilization/Demobilization (.7 (see Graph 2) % of Line 6) $ 31..:E:::::x:!:!am.-..!.4~/9~4:... Total Facility and Structure Removal Costs Total Earthmoving Costs Total Revegetation Costs Total Other Reclamation Activities Costs Total Direct Costs (sum of Lines 1 through 4) $ 388.451 10....::9:...882 13..... 4..000) * Inflation factor = ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr = ENR CCI for mo/yr 5 years prior to current mo/yr .:nd'___ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 16 RECLAMATION BOND SUMMARY SHEET 1.L% of Line 6) $ (1 % to 10% of Line 6) Contingencies (_5_% of Line 6) (3% to 5% of Line 6) $ 31.022 7.:nd::. Total Indirect Costs (sum of Lines 7 through 11) GRAND TOTAL BOND AMOUNT (sum of Lines 6 and 12) $ 274..5% to 6% of Line 6) Contractor Profit! Overhead (24 % of Line 6)$ (see Graph 1) Project Management Fee (4..!.-.:.564 12. 29.. 31.:. NY.com._----Prepared by: ----'R.L % of Line 6) $ (2. New York. $ 903. 5. 3. http://www. McGraw-Hili Construction Information Group.427 $ 565.:.

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. (permit area.A.:.G. :1_ _ Bonding Scheme.~------------------------------------------------~--------~-------------------- BOND AMOUNT COMPUTATION Applicallt: Area Mining .S. .Dragline Example Permit Number: Example No.:. cumulative): permit area If Incremental: Increment Number: Increment Acreage: If Cumulative: Acres previously authorized for disturbance: New acres proposed for disturbance: Type of Operation: Location: Area-type surface (dragline) U.Bond 01/05/00 Total Bond Amount: $ 961.000 82 . incremental.1. .:. Prepared by: Date: K.2 Permitted Acreage: __.1=5.1 .

Topsoil Replacement It is assumed that the next pit to be mined has had all topsoil stripped..B""o:!!. four spoil ridges exist behind the open pit. The prime farmland areas will receive 48 inches of topsoil and subsoil and the non-prime land areas will receive 6 inches of topsoil.. Assuming this worst-case situation.. In addition. the following reclamation tasks should be completed. Earthmoving Activities One pit will be open at the time of forfeiture that will need to be backfilled and rough graded.00"-:-_ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: ---!K~.:.) Mining begins at the southern end of the property in non-prime farmland soils and progresses northward. as scheduled. Once rough grading is accomplished. 2. The mine is located in Crawford County.:. The largest pit. Structure Demolition There are no facilities..nd::. and no revegetation has been initiated (see sketch on following page). B2 . seeding..G. fertilization.. 1.. From inspection.. the entire disturbed area of 40.:.-_ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 1 DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO The reclamation and operation plans outline the following mining sequence for this dragline operation. It is assumed that four spoil ridges exist behind the open pit. the whole area will be ripped prior to final grading and topsoil placement.0. Kansas.:1.2 . The greatest disturbance of prime farmland. which must be rough graded before rough backfilling and grading of the pit can begin. These areas will be final graded once the topsoil is placed..Project: Area MiningiDragline Example Date: -. One haul road and five ponds are to remain as part of the approved post mining land use.. (See Figure 8-4 at end of worksheets.-". Revegetation The revegetation worst case would be if mining started in the fall of the year. and The greatest exposure of non-vegetated land... The 6 inches of existing topsoil and the opening box-cut material will be stockpiled separately near the southern end of the permit boundary and outside the 120' buffer zone of the adjacent creek that runs along the south and east sides of the permit boundary. The mine plan indicates that the highwall will maintain a 1/4 h : 1 v slope and the spoil ridge side will maintain a slope of 1-1/2 h:1v (see sketch). 3. 4... 2.. with no revegetation having yet occurred within the permit... 3. The worst-case situation will occur when there is: 1. Therefore. and mulching. The accompanying cross-section indicates about a 40-foot depth for the open pit. the worst case was determined as occurring about midway through the mining operation when one of the longest pits is through prime farmland. All areas behind the open pit from the start of mining need topsoil replaced plus revegetation... the operations plan identifies 71 acres of prime farmland for which 48 inches of prime farmland soils must be salvaged./0""5/.5 acres will need seedbed preparation..

. Data Sources: Operation and reclamation plans in the approved permit. 40' 40' 40' BO' 3501 ' 40' 40' NOTE: WORKSHEETS 2. 9. 5 6 L I I BO' 3150' 3267' pJt width pelf eo' 80' 33a4' pit depth I~ngfh . .. _ . Bond WORKSHEET 1 (continued) DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO Sketch of Operations fourspollrldge$ or .3 .Project: Date: Prepared by: Area MininglDragline Example 01105100 K. 10. . 8. 17 and 18 are not applicable to this example. G. 11A. 6. 82 .19 I nel ground t~sonl \ fl. 15. 'T-----r------: I I I 80' 2916' \.

Final Grading Box cut Spoil Ridges Stockpile Stockpile Stockpile Disturbed Area Disturbed Area Disturbed Area Excess Spoil Area Spoil Ridge Area Disturbed Area Disturbed Area Disturbed Area Disturbed Area Disturbed Area Disturbed Area • Record grade resistance (Ufo grade) here • •* Scraper and dozer work concurrently 82 .000 ave 1.4 .900 ave 100 ave 1.698 131. Topsoil (prime) 6.003 40. TopsoilJnon-prime) 4.000 ave Grade • (%) 4 3 4 4 4 0 0 0 Equipment To Be Used 637E scraper with D9R push tractor*· D9R-SU dozer 637E scraper with D9R push tractor*· 637E scraper with D9R push tractor*· 637E scraper with DR9 push tractor*· D7R-SU dozer with 3-shank ripper 14H grader 14H grader 1.000 ave 1. Backfilling and Grading 2.Project: Date: Prepared by: Area MininWDragline Example 01/05/00 K. Subsoil (prime) 5.886 16. Rough Grading 3.972 116.5 ac 40. Scarification 8. G.922 15.836 132.5 ac Origin Destination Haul Distance (tt) 1. Bond WORKSHEET 3 MATERIAL HANDLING PLAN SUMMARY Earthmoving Activity Volume (LeY) 568. Ripping 7.

836 * Select adjustment factor based on the state of the material to be moved.-:-_ _ _ _ __ ----!K~..:.916 west end of pit 494..~G.580 east end of pit 2.5 . Data Source(s): Mine plan. B~o:!!:nd~_ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 4A EARTHWORK QUANTITY Cross-Sectionl Station Distance Between Stations (ft) End Area (ft2) Volume (yd 3)* Adjustment Factor * Adjusted Volume (LCY) (%) 4.836 TOTALS 494.Project: Date: Prepared by: Area MininWJ?ragiine Example ---=O::-:1~/O.:.640 4.640 568.-OO.:5/. 82 ..-.580 15 568.!...

80' x 40' = 3.8 ft2 /linear foot x x x x 3.8 ft2 (area is per lineal foot of pit length) Therefore: Ridge Ridge Ridge Ridge 4: 3: 2: 1: 269.180 ft2 4.8 ft2 /1inear foot 269.922 CCY e 82 -6 .984 132.501 feet long + 27 ft 3/CY long + 27 ft 3/CY long + 27 ft 3/CY long + 27 ft 3/CY = = = = 31.267 feet 3.200 ft2 1.8 ft2 /linear foot 269. G.8 ft2 /1inear foot 269. 0.646 33.150 feet 3.5 x 10' x 40' 2. 0.5 x 40' x 59' = = S~oil = 200 ft2 3.477 32.:-------------------------~~-~--- -~ ~ Project: Date: Prepared by: Area MininglDragiine Example 01105100 K.384 feet 3.580 ft2 Ridge Volume A2 ~ 1/4 total pile ~ ~ h ~ 6 b ~ = = = = = = = = 1/4(1/2)(b)(h) 1/2 (tan 6)(b) 1/16 (tar 6)(b)2 34° (given 1-1/2:1 slope) 80' 269. Bond WORKSHEET 4B EARTHWORK QUANTITY Pit Backfill Volume End Area of Pit 1.815 34.

003 BCY = 15.698 CY = 116.886 CY Data Source(s): Mine plan. 82 -7 .7 acres to receive 48" of topsoil and subsoil Topsoil: 20.8 acres to receive 6 inches of topsoil 19.5 ft + acre 27 ft3 1 CY =131.7 acres X 43560 ft2 X 0.6 acres x 43.8 acres X 43560 ft2 X 0.Project: Date: Prepared by: Area MiningiDragline Example 01/05100 K. Bond WORKSHEET 4B (continued) EARTHWORK QUANTITY Volume of Material to be Ripped 40.7 acres X 43560 ft2 X 3.560 ft 2/acre x 2 ft deep + 27 telCY Topsoil Volume Non-prime Farmland 19.5 ft + 27 ft3 acre 1 CY = 16.972 CY Prime Farmland 20. G.5 ft + 27 ft3 acre 1 CY Subsoil: 20.

300 = 0.): Destination: valley between spoil ridges Origin: in spoil ridge peak 100 ft.600 + 2.80 material factor X .7 (From Caterpillar Performance Handbook: Bulldozer production factors) = Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.8 . Bond WORKSHEET 5A PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Spoil ridge reduction.932 (2..44:.466. material. Edition 29. : 5.300 2. Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = . size.95 grade factor X .:. Description of Dozer Use (origin.hr 132.: 0__ Lcv/hr X _ _---'-'... :. .0 elevation factor = .100) + 3 2.922 551.... destination. etc. push at a + 3% effective grade.. 82 . grade.0 visibility factor X 1.75 operator factor X .Lcv/hr =--=~--.441 Net Hourly Production =__.:1'-___ = normal hourly production operating adjustment factor 551. G.0 production method/blade factor X 1.83 efficiency factor X . 2:.): D9R dozer with "Semi-U or SU" Blade.3 Lcv/hr Hours Required = --v-o~lu~me~t~o~b~e~rno-v-~~ LCV + --n~et~h~o~ur~IY-. 1. Characterization of Dozer Used (type.Project: Date: Prepared by: Area Mining'Dragline Example 01105100 K. material is a mixture of earth and blasted limestone and shale rock. haul distance..932 weight correction factor* X 1.700 + 2.3 241 production * Weight Correction Factor = 2. etc.

Characterization of Dozer Used (type.Project: Date: Prepared by: Area MininglDragiine Example 0 \/05/00 K. Dozer assists scrapers for total project time of 636 hours.): Scrapers loaded with back-track loading method. Edition 29.9 . size. haul distance. Description of Dozer Use (origin. G.): D9R dozer with a "SU" Blade. B2 .X _~~~_ X _---:-_~- weight correction factor production method/blade factor visibility factor elevation factor =---- Net Hourly Production = _ _ _ _ _ _ LCy/hr normal hourly production X ________ = _ _ _ _ LCy/hr operating adjustment factor Hours Required = _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ LCy + volume to be moved _ _ _ _ _ LCy/hr = 636* hr net hourly production * See Worksheet 13. grade. etc. Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor '" operator factor x material factor x efficiency factor x _ _ _ _ __ grade factor X _--:--:-:-_ _ X _ _::--~_. Data Source's): Caterpillar Performance Handbook. destination. etc. material. Bond WORKSHEET 5B PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Push tractor to assist loading scrapers.

.:. ripper has a 39 inch (3. Edition 29... Characterization of Dozer and Ripper Use: D7R wI SU blade (Direct Steer) and 3-shank adjustable parallelogram ripper.:.330 ft cut length + 88 ftlmin) + [speed] .36 cycle time min/pass x _.3.:.::G::.3 BCY/hr Hours Required = 131.25 fixed turn time * min = ----!1~5:.25 minlturn is normal.24 passes/hr = 3. 82 -10 .75 feet = = = Productivity Calculation: Cycle Time = 1..112.:3:1. (See Worksheet No 13) Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.1:. *** The 07R bulldozer is to be for miscellaneous tasks during the life of the project = 636 hours..3:.. cut spacing. Description of Ripping (ripping depth.4:.330' x 1.B::::o~n.:::.-'.0 tool penetration ft x 9.:..1=----__ hr * ** Fixed turn time depends upon dozer used..:.:1~2~.6'--__ BCY/pass Hourly Production = 960. 1.- ----------- --------~-- ~~~ Project: Area MininglDragiine Example Date: --:701~/O::-=5::::/0"....2::.8=3'---_ = _..003 BCY + _---.O-. cut length. 0.6 (approx.:.:6=--___ min/pass Passes/Hour = 60 min/hr + 15. Remember to use the swell factor to convert from bank cubic yards to loose cubic yards when applying these data to Worksheet 5..6 BCY/pass X 3. and material to be ripped): Material to be ripped: Sandstone and Shale Ripping depth 2 feet Ripping effective width 3..330 ft) + 27 ft3/ yd3 cut length = _-=9-=6...330') acre site prior to topsoil and subsoil placement. Calculate separate dozer hauling of ripped material for each lift on that worksheet... WORKSHEET 7 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR RIPPER-EQUIPPED DOZER USE Ripping Activity: This unit will be used for ripping the 40.::.:.-___ passes/hr efficiency factor Volume Cut/Pass = 2.3~_ BCY/hr bank volume hourly to be ripped ** production = _ _--=4=2"-'.25 feet X 3 9.0:.d_ _ _ _ __ ..75 cut spacing ft X 1..25-foot) pocket spacing..-_ _ _ _ __ Prepared by: ----!K~.

..900' return @ 0% effective grade..0::.5__ min = return trip time 3.): 1.&:..8~3_ _ hr . Edition 29..5 pusher factor = _---=.:..:::3___ hr hourly production * Use the average of the struck and heaped capacities..6=-~_ min scraper load time scraper cycle time X 1.::3:..:5:.4.S~:--_ hr (round up) scraper hours Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook...:9.1...:....:..39 scrapers (use 3) Scrapers/Pusher = ___.Lcv/hr = _.. etc.9::..7:.:.:. List Pusher Tractor(s) Used: D9R dozer will assist the scraper in loading. etc.8:.:. capacity...:.6'---_ Lcv/hr cycle time efficiency factor * Hours Required = __...:.-'.::.--_ min X ---=.6 + ---===--.:5..:..:. capacity.1~...:. Push Tractor Productivity Calculations: Pusher Cycle Time = __--'..::.11 ..6_ _ min + _..:.): Cat 637E Non-push pull 21CY (struck) + 31 CY (heaped) =(21CY + 31CY)/2 =26 CYavg capacity.0_ _ _ min • pusher cycle time Pusher Hours Required 3 scrapers per pusher = --:---.:. grade....:.-_ = ----'3:.:80.. Bond WORKSHEET 11 B-1 PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE Earthmoving Activity: Backfill and grade final pit area. 1....::3. Scraper Productivity Calculations: Cycle Time = _. destination.:8:. G..:8..1..:..~~- ------- -------- ---- Project: Date: Prepared by: Area MiningiDragIine Example 01105100 K.900' haul @ 4% effective grade.-_ min + .:S.4:. _ _. haul distance.6~__ min + ---.05 min maneuver and spread time Hourly Production = _-=2::..:5'--__ min = _--=.4:. Characterization of Scraper Used (type. 82 .:....6=--_ LCV capacity X 60 min/hr ---=3.. load time loaded trip time _--..1.. Description of Scraper Use (origin..:..:6..:.::0:.1:.:. Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure following Worksheet 118-3): Back-track loading method with a single push tractor.:.::6=--_ LCV volume to be handled 383.9.3.:0=--_ _ min = 3.7.

5~__ pusher factor = _ _.:.6 maneuver and spread time min + .. 82 -12 .:.. Scraper Productivity Calculations: Cycle Time = ..!.9 pusher cycle time 2. capacity.000' haul at 4% effective grade...:. Push Tractor Productivity Calculations: Pusher Cycle Time = __.. Edition 29.886 volume to be handled LCY + 531. 1..::2. grade.:. haul distance..000' return at 0% effective grade.":-_ _ hr + _-=2___ = __1!-1:..5') of prime farmland..75 efficiency factor = 531. Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure on next page): Back-track loading method with a single push tractor..1...): 1.:...:0'--__ hr scraper hours scrapers per pusher (round up) Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.7 acres.:::6~__ LCY x capacity * 60 min/hr + ---!2:.6 loaded trip time min + .c::2_ _ min cycle time X .....:.9_ _ _ min min = Scrapers/Pusher = 2.:2:.. G.::2.0_ _ _ hr * Use the average of the struck and heaped capacities. subsoils over 20..:0.. Bond WORKSHEET 11 B-2 PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE Earthmoving Activity: Replacing 42" (3.. List Pusher Tractor(s) Used: D9R dozer will assist the scraper in loading.•. etc. Characterization of Scraper Used (type.. destination. Description of Scraper Use (origin.6=--____ min scraper load time x _ _.2 scraper cycle time min + . capacity.44 (use 2) scrapers Pusher Hours Required = _--=2=2:.8 hourly production LCY/hr = _.): Cat 637E Non-push pull 21CY (struck) + 31 CY (heaped) =(21CY + 31CY)/2 =26 CY avg capacity.:.6 load time min + .8 LCY/hr Hours Required = 116.-~ ------------------------"---------- Project: Date: Prepared by: Area MininglDrngline Example 01/05/00 K.2 min Hourly Production = _. etc..4 return trip time min = 2..

6=--_ min + _.. capacity.2 scraper cycle time min + . Characterization of Scraper Used (type..:.:. Description of Scraper Use (origin..4'--__ min = .000' haul at 4% effective grade. Push Tractor Productivity Calculations: Pusher Cycle Time = _ _. Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure on next page): Back-track loading method with a single push tractor.. haul distance.:2:..8 LCY/hr Hours Required = 32.2 cycle time min x .:. destination.:2'---_ min return trip time Hourly Production = _.000' return at 0% effective grade. B2 -13 .9~_ _ min ScraperS/Pusher = 2. etc.!.5~__ scraper load time pusher factor = __-::.6=-___ min loaded trip time maneuver and spread time + ---'-'.. grade.7 of prime farmland)..): Cat 637E Non-push pull 21 CY (struck) + 31 CY (heaped) = (21 CY + 31 CY)/2 = 26 CY avg capacity..::6:.:....-___ hr * Use the average of the struck and heaped capacities.75 efficiency factor = 531..5') of topsoil over 40.Project: Date: Prepared by: Area MininglDragline Example 01105100 K....::2~6___ LCY x 60 min/hr + capacity * 2.:.670 volume to be handled LCY + 531.44 (use 2) scrapers Pusher Hours Required = 61 scraper hours hr + 2 scrapers per pusher = 31 (round up) hr Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook. 1.9 pusher cycle time min = 2.:.): 1.1~. Edition 29. Scraper Productivity Calculations: Cycle Time = __. List Pusher Tractor(s) Used: D9R dozer will assist the scraper in loading...:.6=-:-_:-:-__ min x _--:-. Bond WORKSHEET 11 B-3 PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE Earthmoving Activity: Replacing 6" (0...5 acres (19. G..8 acres on non-prime and 20.-_ min load time + ---.8 hourly production LCY/hr =__6=-1.. etc. capacity.

3 1.Project: Date: Prepared by: Area MininglDragline Example 01105/00 K. Shtd& Loading 1. Bond WORKSHEET 11 B (continued) PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE SitgIe Push I PUSHER FACTORS Tandem Push E / ! • • r=:::> ____.5 2. Worksheet 118.1981 Data Source(s): Illustration from "Production and Cost Estimating of Material Movement and Earthmoving Equipment. Back Track LoacIng 1-----I I I aI ••• c:::=:::> I •• \~--E i • • t. _ u i • • I ----------------------~ 1." TEREX AMERICAS.5 Modified from Terex..0 '--:Ei " • • '~ A. Chain Loading • Ii • • _-_> u. B2 -14 .3 1.'> 1..5 B. (918) 445-5802.. See disclaimer in Appendix A. G. Tulsa. ____ ••• I I I ~ • •IIJI:-j C. OK 74107.

560 ft2 average speed scarifier width _ _ _ _ _ aclhr x ______ = efficiency factor Hours Required = _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ac area to be scarified + ______ ac/hr = hourly production _ _ _ _ _ hr Total Hours Required Total Hours = __---::-----::--__-:--:.. Edition 290 82 -15 . Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook. etc.-.ft X 5.): Productivity Calculations: Grading Hourly Production = ______ mi/hr average speed X ______ efficiency factor X ---::~~:-:-:---:-:-:-. etc. final grading of topsoil prior to seeding. grade.-------- --- ~~~~~- ------- --- -------~------~-~------------ Project: Area Mining/DTagline Example Date: ----=O:'-'1:::/O'-=:5~/O. for final grading prior to topsoil placement.-o.G.): Caterpillar 14H..----.. The motorgrader.oB.. and maintenance work around the site.:. equipped with EROPS and scarifier.:D...ft X 5... including grading operations. Characterization of Grader Used (type. Description of Grader Route (push distance.::.:::3-=6* _ _ hr _ * Motorgrader is to be used for the life of the reclamation contract (see Worksheet 13) = 636 hours.280 ftlmi X 1 ac/43. size capacity. operating speed.O-:--_ _ _ __ Prepared by: --=K".+ _-:-:_______ = grading hours required scarification hours required _----"'60. clean-up.560 ft2 effective blade width = ____ ac/hr Hours Required = ________ K area to be graded _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ac/hr hourly production = _____ hr Scarification Hourly Production = _ _ _ _ _ _ mi/hr X _----:=-----:-~. 215 horsepower. along with the D7R bulldozer/ripper will be used for the life of the reclamation contract.280 ftlmi x 1 aC/43.: ..:. effective blade width.o:. d_ _ _ _ __ WORKSHEET 12 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR MOTORGRADER USE Earthmoving Activity: The motorgrader will be used for maintaining haul roads.

307 637E Scraper 637E Scraper 637E Scraper D7R-SU Dozer D9R-SU Dozer 14H Grader 6.485 49. -3).78 Total Hours Required ** (3 x 495) (2 X 110) (2 X 31) 636* 241 636* 636* 636* Total Cost *** ($) 270.20 58. Cost Reference Guide for Construction Equipment (3Q99).78 8. Data Source(s): PRIMEDIA Information.05 8. Bond WORKSHEET 13 SUMMARY CALCULATION OF EARTHMOVING COSTS Equipment * Ownership & Operation Cost ($/hr) 173. G. 82 -16 .915 42.84 173. Inc.05 8. -2. ** Account for multiple units in truck and/or scraper teams.78 7.52 8.000 Water Tanker D9R-SU Push Tractor Grand Total * 571.20 Labor Cost ($/hr) 8.016 11.05 8.Project: Date: Prepared by: Area Mininw'Dragline Example 01/05/00 K.78 8.573 Add support equipment such as water wagons and graders to match total project time as appropriate. Sum of dozer hours assisting scrapers is 636 (see Worksheets 118-1. *** To compute Total Cost: Add Ownership & Operation Cost and Labor Cost columns then multiply by Total Hours Required column..84 74. 10108/99).189 28.84 173.277 76.85 111.107 40.277 53. Department of Labor. Davis-Bacon Wage Rates (General Decision KS990063.02 69.96 111.

Bond WORKSHEET 14 REVEGETATION COSTS Name and Description of Area To Be Revegetated: The area consists of prime and non-prime farmlands.346 Replanting Trees and Shrubs .herbicide treatment Other Necessary Revegetation Activities (Examples of other activities that may be necessary include soil sampling..) Other Costs: $.. Describe each activity and provide a cost estimate with documentation.820 area to be seeded Planting Trees and Shrubs --------. local NRCS..:0:.-----_... G. Use additional worksheets if necessary. B2 -17 ....5=---:--:area to be seeded & unreleased disturbed areas ac X .=. Data Source(s): Mine plan.166 * Scarifying is done by motorgrader ( Worksheet 12)._______ TOTAL REVEGETATION COST = $ 23.:. Both areas will be vegetated in the same manner.~~~~-~lac) herbicide treatment = $------- Reseeding _----. There are no unreleased areas...~5____ ac X ($ ____________ /ac + $_--=44c.30 failure rate* x($ lac + $ seedbed preparation 440 seeding. and rill and gully repair.ac area to be planted & unreleased disturbed areas X failure rate* X( $ -----~ planting lac + $.O_ _ _ _/ac) seedbed preparation seeding.-------------------------------------------------------------Project: Date: Prepared by: Area MininglDragline Example 01105100 K. Alfalfa will be used as a cover crop. Description of Revegetation Activities: The following costs are indicated in the mining plan and confirmed by the local Natural Resource Conservation Service (formerly SCS) Office: Seed @ $150/Ac + Mulch @ $250/Ac + Fertilizer @ $40/Ac TOTAL Revegetation Cost $440/Ac = Cost Calculation for Individual Revegetation Activities: Initial Seeding _-.:.:4~0~.. fertilizing & mulching lac) = $ 5..~~~~--~lac) = $. irrigation.. fertilizing & mulching =$ 17...:.4..ac area to be planted X ($ '-------lac planting + $. Historical revegetative failure rate is 30%.

Formula assumes permit term or time until next bond adequacy evaluation is 5 years.-:. G. of Line 6) 31.25 % of Line 6) (2. Total Facility and Structure Removal Costs Total Earthmoving Costs Total Revegetation Costs Total Other Reclamation Activities Costs Total Direct Costs (sum of Lines 1 through 4) $ $ $ $ $ 0 571.648 13. $ $ $ $ $ 33. http://www.13 Identify current month/year used in formula above: Identify prior month/year used in formula above: ENR = Engineering News Record. New York.000) * Inflation factor = ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr ENR CCI for mo/yr 5 years prior to current mo/yr 12/99 12/94 = ---:6. 161. 2. Contingencies (_5_% of Line 6) (3% to 5% of Line 6) Engineering Redesign Fee ( 4. Bond WORKSHEET 16 RECLAMATION BOND SUMMARY SHEET 1. 4. 3.Project: Date: Prepared by: Area Mining'Dragline Example 01105/00 K.293 11. NY.739 6. B2 -18 . 960 1703 $ (round to $ 961.573 23. Adjust timeframe as necessary. McGraw-Hili Construction Information Group.com.603 9.5% to 6% of Line 6) Contractor Profit! Overhead ( 24 % of Line 6) (see Graph 1) Project Management Fee (see Graph 2) (~% 33.enr.1~27.166 0 594. 5.562 10.603 8. 28. Inflated Total Direct Costs (Line 5 x inflation factor *) Mobilization/Demobilization (1% to 10% of Line 6) (~% $ of Line 6) 672.587 12.--_ _ 5439 = 1. Total Indirect Costs (sum of Lines 7 through 11) GRAND TOTAL BOND AMOUNT (sum of Lines 6 and 12) $ 288.055 7.

:!::~ P1 < ~ WATE~ OETAIL B STREAM BUFfER ZONE NT S PASTl. NOfE SE[ PROPOSED fiSH ANO WILDLIfE PLAN IN SEC TI ON VI • SUBSECTION A.' ~......" ~ HA9ITAT WATER 16 at .. 1990e 60« NOTE ' QQ. ' ... BUFFtR lONE SH.) \ R33W ( PASTURE 4 I at \ i ~ NO [..."" CROSS-SECTION A . .. PART 4 A' 184 0' 820' nn9JTARy TO MOORE S BRANCH SHAL~ 8-00 10000 --12-00 14000 0'''''' 2C' 00 22·00 . ~) r WILDLIFE HAEiTAT WATER WII. " .... ..DL1FE " 07 .' f.AH'l PASTURE IF REOUIREO ClI.(p OSlVES S fORAGE ON hoE PEI'1MIT M~EA .AL£ ". · '-: l SPOIL COAL U. TO ExPIRATION OF GRANDFATHER CLAUSE PRE· MINING OPERATIONS PLAN .' '. WILL 8E RE CL .. 'LourE "'A6ITAT Figure B-4 .A' e :::--1 ~ ~ ToPSOIL SCALE HORZ 1"lOO' VERT I"' 20' LI Mit o...JIAt . ../' . POST-MINING RECLAMATION PL ~ ...."" ..SHED AREA REPRESENTS 710e rF PRto4E FARMI. ..f.<Xl .f..£. .e"'" 120' Bl>l'F[R .:...L 177 OC MITCHELL PASTURE .

Bond December 2. incremental.000 83 ..3 Permitted Acreage: -..J.BOND AMOUNT COMPUTATION Applicant: Haulback Example Permit Number: Example No.:1:.:6=0_ _ _ _ __ Bonding Scheme (permit area.1 . cumulative): permit area If Incremental: Increment Number: Increment Acreage: If Cumulative: Acres previously authorized for disturbance: New acres proposed for disturbance: Type of Operation: Location: Prepared by: Date: Contour-type surface (truck and loader) USA K.. 1999 Total Bond Amount: $ 387.

the haul road. This facility is mobile therefore it would not be demolished. Earthmoving Activities The worst-case reclamation scenario assumes that Pit #21 is completely mined. The main haul road is located along the western edge of the permit area. plus 20 percent swell. 83 . Pits #17 through #22 require final grading prior to topsoil replacement. This material will be removed and disposed of in the open pit by using the same equipment as used to move the spoil from the stockpiles to the open pit. The mine plan states that the haul road will be constructed out of crushed rock obtained from the initial box cut. is conducted such that spoil is hauled immediately behind the active coal mining face and placed within the previous mined-out area. 1. runs for 7000 feet and is 30 feet wide. This material will be disposed of in the open pit. it is assumed that 50 percent of Pit #21 and 50 percent of Pit #22 require backfilling. The highwall is assumed to have a 1/4h:1v slope and the spoil side is assumed to have a 2h:1v slope based on field observation (see Worksheet 4). the haul back mining sequence. Topsoil Replacement The mine plan indicates that 10 inches of topsoil will be salvaged. and the volume of the haul-road surfacing is considered to be sufficient to fill the remaining open pit. There are no other structures located on the permit area. AZ. Reclamation of the coal pad/office area will require that contaminated material be removed to a depth of 10 inches. The crushed rock will be 34 inches thick for the entire haul road length. all additional stockpiles would not exist.5 acres. once in full operation.=Bo=n=d_ __ WORKSHEET 1 DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO The mining sequence for this haul back operation begins with Pit #1 and progresses through Pit #66 (see Figure B-5 at end of worksheets). Therefore. The stockpiled topsoil will be used to cover Pits #17 through #22. Structure Demolition The mine plan indicates that the office is located at the southern end of the permit area. 2. backfilling and rough grading is already accomplished.2 . Therefore.:. and #13... From inspection. the worst-case reclamation scenario will occur while Pit #21 is being mined due to the pit size and distance from these stockpiles. #10. The topsoil from the box cut and the box-cut material will be stored separately in the four stockpiles located near Pits #4. The topsoil from Pit #22 is assumed to have been removed and placed over Pit #16. However.J::.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 1212/99 Prepared by:-=K=.. Because the mining operation uses scrapers. The mine plan indicates about a 30-foot overburden depth. The mine is located in Navajo County. The total volume contained in both stockpiles. All existing ponds and the containment berm will be left as part of the approved postmining land use. At this time. and the office/coal pad area. The office and coal pad area combined take up about 0. 3.

17 and 18 are not applicable to this example. The topsoil stockpile located on the west side of Pit# 5 will be referred to as TSW on the worksheets and the topsoil stockpile located on the east side of Pit #10 will be referred to as TSE on the worksheets. and the office and coal pad area would need seedbed preparation. had an initial seeding applied. 83 ..:::.6 acres of previously disturbed land which has been reclaimed.. and mulching. (See Worksheet 3. Pits #11 through #22.:Kc::. 15.) There will also need to be final grading and scarifying of the topsoil prior to revegetation. Revegetation costs will include the cost for reseeding 5. NOTE: Worksheets 6. (See Worksheet 7.. No prime farmlands are identified in the mine plan. but which has not yet been released from liability. the haul road.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:--. fertilization. item 9. pits #17 through #22 will need to be ripped prior to topsoil placement. Revegetation The worst-case reclamation situation is assumed to occur during the first year of mining at the end of the winter period when approximately 6 months of winter weather would have inhibited the establishment of permanent revegetation.d_ __ .) 4.Bo""n=. 10. seeding.J::.3 .. WORKSHEET 1 (continued) DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO The topsoiled areas will then be final graded. Therefore. Data Source(s): Mine plan.. In addition. 11A.

Subtotal = $-=5:... rail spurs.:4=5"'_"'_ _ __ Debris Handling and Disposal Costs: """Demolition includes disposal with up to 20 miles haul. etc.."K"". utility poles.. 50' x 10'.4 .:.d_ __ WORKSHEET 2 STRUCTURE DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL COSTS Structures to be demolished: Item None'" Construction Material Volume (cubic feet) Unit Cost Basis ($) Demolition Cost ($) I Subtotal I I Other items to be demolished (paved roads. TOTAL DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL =$-=5~45=---_ __ Data Source(s): Means Site Work and Landscape Cost Data. Mine plan.."". same price as installation fee =$545. conveyors. 83 .. 1998.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:...J::.Bo""n:::..): "'Remove office trailer.

037 672 30.800 200 3.315 22. Final Grading of Backfill.600 200 800 200 1..5 . Fill Open Pit 3.326 70. I . and Office Areas 8. Office Area 5. Ripping of Backfill.1 acres 14.200 200 100 Grade * (%) 3 10 3 10 3 10 3 10 3 0 0 0 Equipment To Be Used 988F loader with 7690 trucks 988F loader with 7690 trucks 988F loader with 7690 trucks 988F loader with 7690 trucks D8R-SU dozer D8R-SU dozer with 3shank ripper 140H grader 140H grader 627F scraper with D8R push tractor 627F scraper with D8R push tractor 750 2.J.2 acres 26.100 4 4 I'" Record grade resistance {% grade} here. Rough Grading 6.. Replace Topsoil over Office and Haul Road Volume (LeY) 60. Fill Open Pit 2. Replace Topsoil in Pits #17-22 Area 10.B=on"'d=--_ __ WORKSHEET 3 MATERIAL HANDLING PLAN SUMMARY ---- Earthmoving Activity 1.626 7.315 60. Haul Road.758 16. 83 . and Office Areas 7.:. Fill Open Pit 4.149 Origin West Overburden Stockpile East Overburden Stockpile Haul Road Area Coal Pad/Area Disturbed Area Disturbed Area Disturbed Area Disturbed Area Topsoil Stockpiles West Topsoil Stockpile Destination Pit #22 Pit #22 Pit #22 Pit #22 Disturbed Area Disturbed Area Disturbed Area Disturbed Area East and West Disturbed Areas Disturbed Area Haul Distance (tt) 1.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:_K=. Scarification and Final Grading 9. Haul Road.

4 east end of pit 800 west end of pit 119.K='.339 TOTALS 119.6 .449 .--.-------------------------------- ------ -------- --------- Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared bY:.. be moved.L 143.:. Data Source: Mine plan.449 4. 83 .:.2 143...4 1.339 * C> .=B=oo=d_ __ WORKSHEET 4A EARTHWORK QUANTITY Cross-Sectionl Station Distance Between Stations (ft) End Area (ft2) Volume (yd 3 ) Adjustment Factor * Adjusted Volume (LCY) (%) 4.031.031.J.

-.5 acres x 43.415 BCY @ 1700'. 83 -7 .--.560 sf/acre x .5 x 30' x 60' 900 ftz = 4.. . 8 IJ 2 . I8 i I CD .22. = = = Spoil Ridge Volume = 143.Idth CROSS-SECT r~ 100' 100' Backfilling of Pits #21 and 22 . i .83' thick + 27 cf/cy = 670 BCY The total average haul distance =3...326 Office Area.25 = 30. Assume that 25% of the material is graded (3% average grade) = 121. 117 • 0 .012.339 .302 LCY =Pit Backfill Volume ..Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:-=K=oJ.Haul Road Volume A dozer is needed to spread and rough grade this backfill material.622 BCY @ 2200'.000 ftz Area c: 0. for the southern half 9.5 ft· = Backfill Volume Needed (Calculations on Worksheet 4A) =143.5 ftz Area b: 30' x 100' = 3. b - n2 1 12t no . and Coal Pad Area Cleanup Office / Coal Pad Area: 0.400'.339 LCY Haul Road Haul Material Total haul road volume 22.l? '18 It6 ...5 x 30' x 7.t pIt nUllber ~r~Vi 100' c I 100' 100' tOO' ! 100' ] pIt· . • plf length PLAN YIEV . • ~ 8 CD. The total average haul distance 2000'.302 x .50% Area a: 0.5' = 112.037 LCY The volume and haul distance (from centroid to centroid) for the northern half of the haul road = 12.037 = 121.oB=o=od=---_ _ WORKSHEET 4B EARTHWORK QUANTITY Earthmoving Volume Area Calculations .

office/coal pad area will come from TSW.Pits #17 through #22.#22 Haul Road Office & Coal Pad Area 20.#22.83' thick + 27 cf/cy Total Topsoil Volume Topsoil Haul Distance: = 670 BCY 21. The total average haul distance for remaining TSW and TSE Is 750'.773 BCY Assume that total topsoil volume is evenly distributed between the two stockpiles.5 acres x 43. Final Grading/Scarification Area .888 cy =10.5 acres 26.. Pits #11 .. and Coal Pad A SEDCAD was used to determine the area of Pits #11 through #22.149 BCY of topsoil required for the haul road.477 BCY Office & Coal Pad Area: 0. 83 .Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:-:K=. Office Area.560 sf/acre x . Office Area.Jc:. The total average haul distance for TSW is 2100'. Haul Road. West Topsoil Stockpile (TSW) East Topsoil Stockpile (TSE) =10.83' thick + 27 cf/cy Haul Road: = 6.000' long x 30' wide x .83' thick + 27 cflcy = 14.888 cy The 7.739 topsoil in TSW and the topsoil In TSE will be placed over Pits #17.Pits #11 through #22.8 acres 0.626 BCY 7.8 . The remaining 3..:.B=o=nd=--_ _ WORKSHEET 4B (continued) EARTHWORK QUANTITY Topsoil Replacement . Therefore.1 acres Data Source: Mine plan. Haul Road. and Coal Pad Pits #17 through #22: 6 pits x 100' wide x 793' long x .8 acres 4.

..!:B::::on!!!d~_ __ .444 weight correction factor Net Hourly Production = __-=8". size.3 LCYlhr = 78..): D8R dozer with "Semi-U or sun Blade.4=:-:4:.. push at a +3% effective grade.32::.75 operator factor x . etc.:. Characterization of Dozer Used (type.5 hr** net hourly production * 2300 (2.0 elevation factor = .95 grade factor x material factor ~..K~.~9~4* ____ x _ _~1. etc. destination.100) 13 = --=2J.80 x .:J.450 ** Use 301 Total Hours. material.:0:..:30. grade.1..): 100 ft.83 efficiency factor x .Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared bY:. WORKSHEET 5A PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Spoil Rough Grading for Pits 17-22.::.550+2. material is a mixture of earth and blasted sandstone and shale rock..3 LCY/hr Hours Required = _. Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.6"'---___ LCY + volume to be moved 386. haul distance... Description of Dozer Use (origin. 83 . Edition 29.0~____ x production method/blade factor visibility factor 1. Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = .3~00=----_ =0..-7~0:----:-__ LCYlhr normal hourly production x _--=-.--.c::.9 . see Worksheet 13.~0~___ x~1~.700+2..94 2. Assume D8R-SU is available as support equipment during project life..:4=-----::--:-_~ operating adjustment factor = 386.

Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook. etc... Description of Dozer Use (origin.:J.":. Edition 29.-_-:-:--:-_. Productivity Calculations: = operator factor Operating Adjustment Factor x material factor x efficiency factor x _---.): D8R dozer with a "SUfi Blade....10 . size.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:.. destination. grade. haul distance. see Worksheet 13._K:.:....=B=o""nd=---_ __ WORKSHEET 5B PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Pusher tractor to assist loading scrapers.operating adjustment factor = ____ LCY/hr HoursRequired = ________ LCY volume to be moved + _ _ _ _ _ _ _ LCY/hr net hourly production = 301* hr ·Use 301 total hours for D8R-SU._ _ x grade factor x weight correction factor Net Hourly Production production method/blade factor x visibility factor x elevation factor = = normal hourly production LCY/hr x _ _ _. etc. 83 .. Characterization of Dozer Used (type.): Scrapers loaded with Back-track Loading Method.... material.

:.3_ ft) tool penetration cut spacing cut length 27 ff/yd 3 = 820.6 feet.. and material to be ripped): Ripping depth 2.6' deep x 793' long + 27 cy/cf = = = =45. cut spacing. Cut length 793' Ripping effective width = 43"/12"perfoot x 3 = 10.--_ __ WORKSHEET 7A PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR RIPPER-EQUIPPED DOZER USE Ripping Activity: This unit will be used for ripping Pits #16 through #22 prior to topsoil placement.:.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:--.::.3=--_ min/pass x ----:~. ripper has a 43 inch (3...3=--__ min/pass Passes/hour = 60 min/hr + _-:-=9:. Normally 0.. Characterization of Dozer and Ripper Use: D8R wI SU blade and 3-shank adjustable parallelogram ripper.391.25 fixed turn time** min = --.::9:.c:.... Edition 29..J..6__ft x.9 BCY/pass Hourly Production = 820..7..11 .S8-foot) pocket spacing.2::.K~..9 BCY/pass x 5. see Worksheet 13) Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.8:. Description of Ripping (ripping depth.35 passeS/hr Volume cut per pass = _-. cut length..8 BCYlhr Hours Required = 45.8 hourly production*** BCY/hr 10 hrs*** * Remember to use the swell factor to convert from bank cubic yards to loose cubic yards when applying these data to Worksheet 5..:.5__ft x _.:. per turn is used.B""on""d..391..::3'--_-_ cycle time efficiency factor = 5.35 passeS/hr = = 4. Calculate separate dozer hauling of ripped material for each lift on Worksheet 5.:::9..818 cy Productivity Calculation·: Cycle time = (793 cut length ft 88 ftlmin) + [speed] 0.:..75 feet Volume 6 pits x 100' wide x 2._---'-10:<. *** Use 301 hours (support equipment. 83 .:7. ** Fixed turn time is dependent on dozer used.25 min.818 bank volume to be ripped BCY 4.::.

6__ft tool Penetration X 10.::B.7 hourly production*** BCY/hr = __.4. -** Use 301 total hours..58-foot) pocket spacing.25 fixed turn time** min = 79. Edition 29.:2:.:d'--_ __ WORKSHEET 78 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR RIPPER-EQUIPPED DOZER USE Ripping Activity: Rip the 30.83 = .:..6' Length 7..75' Volume 7. ripper has a 43 inch (3.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:--'K:.:.=. and material to be ripped): Ripping depth 2.ono:.2___ passeslhr = _..246 BCY/pass Hourly Production = 7. support equipment.246 BCY/pass X _-=. Characterization of Dozer and Ripper Use: D8R wI SU blade and 3-shank adjustable parallelogram ripper. Fixed turn time is dependent on dozer used.:.=.:. Hours Required = 20.62 passeslhr efficiency factor Volumecut per pass = _=2.. per turn is used.8 min/pass Passes/hour = 60 min/hr + --~~~--- 79...:.. *..8 min/pass x cycle time ~~--- .:.:.This D8R-SU bulldozer is to be for rough grading ofthe backfill area (see Worksheets 5A. Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook..492. see Worksheet 7A.:.5::..:.7__ BCY/hr .4.oC"-'Jo. see Worksheet 13.000 cut length ft) + 27 ft3/yd3 = 7. 7A and 78).1' wide haul road prior to topsoil placement.. Description of Ripping (ripping depth.000 cut length ft + 88 ftlmin) + [speed] 0..000' x 30' wide x 2..222 cy = = = = = = Productivity Calculation*: Cycle time =( 7.6' deep + 27 cy/cf 20.000' Ripping effective width 43"/12"per foot X 3 10.. Normally 0. cut length. Calculate separate dozer hauling of ripped material for each lift on Worksheet 5.75 cut spacing ft X 7.222 bank volume to be to be ripped BCY + 4. cut spacing.6::.:..25 min.. 83 -12 .-__ hrs**** Remember to use the swell factor to convert from bank cubic yards to loose cubic yards when applying these data to Worksheet 5.:4'-'-..9::.

93 cycle time min/pass x .". : .80 Volume cut per pass = _--=2=•.83 efficiency factor = 25.::d_ __ . cut spacing.9=5=2.:.K~.780 sf (0. 83 -13 .5.=6__ BCYlhr hourly production bank volume to be ripped Remember to use the swell factor to convert from bank cubic yards to loose cubic yards when applying these data to Worksheet 5.25 fixed turn time** min =_.:.25 min.5 ac..-"".2 BCY/pass Hourly Production = 153.) = =(__---=1'-'4'-=8_ _ ft + cut length 88 ftlminl + [speed] 0.:.... support equipment..097 BCY/ yd 3 + _3".780 sf x 2.9=.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:-.:1:. Fixed turn time is dependent on dozer used. Description of Ripping (ripping depth.097 cy Productivity Calculation·: Cycle time Length 148' Area = 21. Normally 0.6__ tool penetration ft.::3'--_ _ hrs*** Hours Required = 2..:5:.2 BCY/pass X 25.9::... Calculate separate dozer hauling of ripped material for each lift on Worksheet 5.80 passes/hr =_-=3... Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.3=--__ min/pass passes/hr Passes/hour = 60 min/hr + 1. ripper has a 43 inch (3.".!<B"..:2~..6' deep + 27 cy/cf = 2...-oD:. WORKSHEET 7C PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR RIPPER-EQUIPPED DOZER USE Ripping Activity: Rip the office/coal pad area prior to topsoil placement.8=--_ ftl cut length + 27 ft3/ yd 3 = 153. Characterization of Dozer and Ripper Use: D8R w/ SU blade and 3-shank adjustable parallelogram ripper..:.6=--__ BCY/hr =_--=...58-foot) pocket spacing.6' Ripping effective width = 43"/12"per foot X 3 = 10. per turn is used.. *** Use 301 total hours.. see Worksheet 13. and material to be ripped): Ripping depth = 2..75 cut spacing ft X _. see Worksheet 7A. cut length.75' Volume = 21.J::.14. x 10.. Edition 29.

Edition 29.8 bucket fill factor* = 6. 11. etc. 83 -14 .575 min return time (empty) Net Bucket Capacity = __-=8'--_ _ LCY heaped bucket capacity LCY X .): Loading 35 ton trucks from stockpile with minimum haul.J:. destination.:.d_ __ . west (OSW).575 cycle time min X .5' dump height clearance.4 bucket capacity + .!Kc:. size.): 988F.5~7~5_ __ basic cycle time = . Description of Loader Use (origin.:::cBo""n::.. Productivity Calculations: Cycle time = __-=-0__ + haul time (loaded) __ ~o~__ + _ _~.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:-. etc.. grade.. Characterization of Loader Use (type.75 efficiency factor X 60 min/hr = 501 LCY/hr Hours Required = 60 1315 volume to be moved LCY 501 hourly production LCY/hr = 120 hr ·See loader section of equipment manual. haul distance..4 LCY Hourly Production = net6. Spade-edge 8 cy rock bucket. WORKSHEET 8A PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE Earthmoving Activity: Load haul truck with spoil from overburden stockpile.. Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook..

etc. Description of Loader Use (origin.4 net bucket capacity LCY . west (OS E). : :8_ _ _ LCY heaped bucket capacity X _....:. size..:.J:..575 cycle time min X X 60 min/hr = 501 LCY/h.575 min Net Bucket Capacity = _ _. haul distance.d_ __ WORKSHEET 88 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE Earthmoving Activity: Load haul truck with spoil from overburden stockpile.~Bo~n:::. grade. Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.:. efficiency factor Hours Required = 60 1315 volume to be moved LCY .4 LCY Hourly Production = 6..5' dump height clearance.:5~7.. Characterization of Loader Use (type..): Loading 35 ton trucks from stockpile with minimum haul.75 6. 83 -15 . 501 hourly production LCY/hr = 120 hr ·See loader section of equipment manual.. Productivity Calculations: Cycle time = __---"'0__ haul time (loaded) + o return time (empty) + _ _.. destination.): 988F.:.. Edition 29. etc.5_ __ = basic cycle time . 11.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:-!K=. Spade-edge 8 cy rock bucket.8=--_ _ bucket fill factor* = .

haul distance.. Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.15 haul time (loaded) + . Characterization of Loader Use (type.. WORKSHEET 8C PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE Earthmoving Activity: Excavate and load road base material.:.!:2____ LCY..): 988F. Description of Loader Use (origin.. destination. 83 -16 ._K:.-_ __ .!.75 efficiency factor x 60 min/hr = 376.575 basic cycle time = .. bucket fill factor* Hourly Production = 7. size..- -----------------------~------- Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:.::8_ _ _ _ LCY heaped bucket capacity x _-=-=.:. etc. Productivity Calculations: Cycle time = .7 hourly production LCY/hr = 59 hr moved "'See loader section of equipment manual.135 return time (empty) + .. 8 cy spade~dge rock bucket.9'---_ __ = _7!. etc.86 cycle time min X .2 net bucket capacity LCY + .): Approximately 50' haul at a 4% effective grade..7 LCY/hr Hours Required 22 037 =volume to be 1 LCY 376. grade.86 min Net Bucket Capacity = _ _.:J. Edition 29.'-"80=nd::..

83 -17 .:7.:8..!K~. etc. Productivity Calculations: Cycle time = --=0~.86 min haul time (loaded) Net Bucket Capacity = __. grade.:.:6:.2 net bucket capacity LCY.. 0. Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.:5=--_ _ + 0. 11.!:Bo~n'!:!.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:...7.--_ hr ·See loader section of equipment manual. Characterization of Loader Use (type.:.:....J:c:.:.:.::9_ _ = heaped bucket capacity bucket fill factor· 7.-_ _ LCY X _---=0.:0.5' dump height Description of Loader Use (origin...1.:.. NOTE: Total hours for 988F =120 + 120 + 59 + 2 =301 hours.135 return time (empty) + 0. Edition 29.0:.... etc. size.75 efficiency factor X 60 min/hr = 376..:.7 LCY/hr Hours Required =_.2 LCY Hourly Production = 7.86 cycle time min X 0. haul distance..:..!.....d_ __ WORKSHEET 8D PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE Earthmoving Activity: Office and coal pad area waste cleanup: Remove 10 inches of contaminated material and place in final pit..575 basic cycle time = 0.): Approximately 50' haul and loading of 35 ton trucks..2...:.7'--_ LCY/hr hourly production = -=.0____ LCY volume to be moved .): 988F with 8 cy spade-edge rock bucket. destination.:6..3:.

-'2=..6 hourly production LCY/hr = 91. ** 200' + (25 MPH x 88FPM/1 MPH) = 0... of trucks truck cycle time min = _.315 volume to be moved LCY + 656..:.LCY + --:-_6...:.5.:.6 + ...:.:.:9'--_ LCY/min Hourly Production = _---:-1.4.=:0_-:--__ = loading time dump and maneuver time 5.9 hr NOTE: Use 3 trucks for 120 hours each to match loader.:4':--:--_ LCY = _--:-.4__--:---:--:.5:. etc.:..-_______ LCY Loading nme/Truck = _--:-:---:-'-'. (21...:do..1_ _ trucks truck cycle time loading time Production Rate =-:---.:.-_ __ WORKSHEET 9A PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE Earthmoving Activity: Haul spoil from Overburden Stockpile West (OSW) to open pit.5..::o...:7'-'5~_:__-. * Normally the average of the struck and heaped capacities...:2:--:-_____ passes truck capacity * loader bucket net capacity (round down to nearest whole number) Net Truck Capacity = __~6~.:.B""on:.5:o....:1'-"4c:.4~_____ LCYX loader bucket net capacity 4 no..-7_--:-:---:. Return: 1600' @ 3% effective grade plus 200' @ (-)7% effective grade Productivity Calculations: No...LCY/min x 60 min/hr x --:-=--:---. Haul: 1600' @ 3% effective grade plus 200' @ 10% effective grade.min X loader cycle time (from Worksheet 8 or 10) _---:_...Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared bY:. 83 -18 . destination.7) + 2 = 27cy average capacity (ave of struck and heaped). etc..--_~_ LCY X _ _ _3".:. capacity.:..+ 5.:.): Caterpillar 769D. see Worksheet SA. of Trucks Required = --:--=5~.4:..=:3--:-_ _ min = --=2.1** return time + ~2::.... Edition 29..45 + .55 truck capacity* no.min + _ _-:---:2::.=:3.'7.1 )."..1 haul time + ...... grade..--::-__:_-:--.): Haul distance and grade from OSW to open pit.::.2:. haul distance.:6:.:.4:::. loader passesltruck Truck Cycle Time = .6 + 31.= __2=.J.. Loader Passes/Truck = -:---:=2... size.09 min (use 0. Characterization of Truck Use (type. Description of Truck Use (origin.7~5---:-___ = production rate efficiency factor 656.:..:.5:.__:_...6 LCY/hr Hours Required = 60. Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.::. loader passes/truck = __-=2.2:::.:K:..:.--__ + _ _...55 min No.9_-:-....::5'--.:.::3'_____ min no.

size. etc... grade.:4:!!. loader passesltruck 2..~2~2'--_ _ _ _ loader bucket net capacity (round down to nearest whole number) passes Net Truck Capacity = 6..--_ LCY = __..75 efficiency factor = 6SS.3 min Truck Cycle Time = .3.3 Production Rate = 27 truck capacity·· = LCY X 3 no.S'--__ volume to be moved hourly production LCY/hr = _S~7~.6 LCY Loading Time/Truck = min X .Kc=":..Project: Haul Back Example Date: 1212/99 Prepared by:--.L min trucks. ** 200' + (25 MPH x 88FPM/1 MPH) = 0.0 dump and maneuver time = .. of trucks + 5.6 + 31.J..:.4 + ..:..1** return time + _~2~. (21. * Normally the average of the struck and heaped capacities.:.3 LCY/min Hourly Production 15. Description of Truck Use (origin..!.7_ _ _ truck capacity· LCY + _--.:..:.3 truck cycle time min = 15.. Characterization of Truck Use (type. Edition 29.:. Haul: SOO' @ 3% effective grade plus 200' @ 10% grade Return: SOO' @ 3% effective grade plus 200' @ (-)7% grade Productivity Calculations: No.4 loader bucket net capacity LCY X 4 no.--___ + loading time 2.3 truck cycle time min + 2.::. see Worksheet SB. etc.5=--_ _ LCY + _. destination..3 LCY/min X 60 min/hr X production rate .l.7) + 2 = 27cy average capacity (ave of struck and heaped).2 haul time + .:.3 + . Loader Passes/Truck = _--=2:..): Haul distance and grade from OSE to open pit.4.:::B""on. 83 -19 . Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook. NOTE: Use 3 trucks for 120 hours each to match loader.::6:.1 ).5 LCY/hr Hours Required = _.09 min (use 0.) Caterpillar 769D..31..3 loading time min = 2. No."d_ __ WORKSHEET 9B PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE Earthmoving Activity: Haul spoil from Overburden Stockpile East (OSE) to open pit. of Trucks Required = 5.:6..8!.::.:8:.. capacity. loader passesltruck = = 25.575 loader cycle time (from Worksheet 8 or 10) 4 no. haul distance.6__ hr .::6~O:.

:.70 truck cycle time min 2.:.5::.!..Project: Haul Back Example Date: 1212/99 Prepared by:-'K:. Production Rate =_-=2~7____ LCY X _--.::.. loader passesltruck (from Worksheet 8 or 10) Truck Cycle Time = = _-=2=-:....:.:7:.2=--_ _ truck capacity· no.7_ _ _ _ min = truck cycle time 9.:.) Caterpillar 769D.::=4--:-_ _ LCY X _---:-----:-4=---_---:__ = _2:..:d'--_ __ WORKSHEET 9C PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE Earthmoving Activity: Haul spoil base material to open pit.::.::9:.6... Loader Passes/Truck _ = _---=2::.3 loading time + 2.7__ hr hourly production NOTE: Use 2 trucks for 59 hours each to match loader.. Characterization of Truck Use (type.. * ** Normally the average of the struck and heaped capacities..::4~.0.. 83 .:.-"'B""oD:.. see Worksheet SC.:. loader passesltruck Loading Time/Truck = _-:--.3 + .5!.5 trucks.70 min .. size.1-.2 haul time + 0....7) + 2 = 27 cy average capacity (ave of struck and heaped).1 ). 200' + (26 MPH x 88FPM/1 MPH) .... _. loader bucket (round down to nearest net capacity whole number) Net Truck Capacity = ---:---:-. Edition 29.. etc.2::!2=--____ passes .:.6 + 31. destination..J.. Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook...::. of Trucks Required = S. =.::3<:-:7 _ _ LCY _ volume to be moved + _.1** return time + 2..::.4.7 _ _ LCY truck capacity· .:.-___ min X _ _ _-=4~_ _ __ loader cycle time no.".. (21. haul distance.:.:. etc.4_ _ LCY = _ _ _.75 efficiency factor = 426.:2:..S +.20 . Description of Truck Use (origin.5::.. 0.=-:. of trucks _..): 1S00' @ 3% effective grade and 200' haul @ 10% effective grade 1S00' @ 3% effective grade and 200' haul @ (-)7% effective grade Productivity Calculations: No.6:.:. capacity..3 LCY/hr Hours Required = ---:--=2:..09 min (use 0..:4'-=2'-='6:.7=--_ _ LCY/min production rate X 60 min/hr X .. grade.0:.3'---_ _ LCY/hr = _5:.:..::5~.3 loading time min = 2.0 dump and maneuver time No.3'--_ _ _ min = 5.'-='6_ _ _ _ _ LCY loader bucket net capacity no....47 LCY/min Hourly Production = _.

98 Production Rate = = 27 LCYX 3 no.-__ LCY X _ _ _4.:.09 min (use 0. * Normally the average of the struck and heaped capacities. etc. WORKSHEET 9D PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE Earthmoving Activity: Haul office area/coal pad waste material to open pit for burial.8:..:2::.-_ _ _ min loading time = 2. loader passesltruck = _... __6~.K~':c:.): Haul: 3200' at 3% effective grade and 200' @ 10% effective grade..:2=--_ _ _ _ passes (round down to nearest whole number) Net Truck Capacity = _ _---=6:..1 LCY/hr Hours Required 670 =volume to be moved LCY 532. Productivity Calculations: No. Loader Passes/Truck = _--=2:..85 trucks min No.1 )..82 production rate LCY/min X 60 min/hr X .3 min Loading Time/Truck = .::5:.2:.85 truck cycle time min truck capacity· = = 11. Characterization of Truck Use (type..9+. capacity.1 hourly production LCY/hr = 1.::... haul distance..-_ _ _ _ no. _-=2:. size. of trucks .::!4.:. (21.0 dump and maneuver time = 6.. grade.:..2 haul time + .:.--__ LCY loader bucket net capacity = _ _~4:.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:-..6=---_ _ _ LCY = 2.1** + return time 2. see Worksheet 8D.) Caterpillar 769C.4:::......:.:7_ _ _ LCY truck capacity· loader bucket net capacity .575 loader cycle time (from Worksheet 8 or 10) minX 4 no..26 hr NOTE: Use 3 trucks for 2 hours each to match loader.--_ __ . Return: 3200' at 3% effective grade and 200' @ (-)7% effective grade.. 83 ..35 + .82 LCY/min Hourly Production 11. destination. etc..75 efficiency factor 532.6 + 31.. of Trucks Required = _.B::.::6:..:. ** 200' + (25 MPH x 88FPM/1 MPH) = 0. Description of Truck Use (origin.7) + 2 = 27 cy average capacity (ave of the struck and heaped).-___ min truck cycle time ...!..:5:. Edition 29.:. Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook..:. loader passesltruck Truck Cycle Time = 1.::on~d. 6.21 .3 loading time + 2.3:.:.J..

:75~_min pusher factor .:.~K.~B:!::on:!!!d:!....!. etc.626 volume to be handled =---=:!4~0_ _ hr * The average of the struck and heaped capacities. Characterization of Scraper Used (type. capacity. use total for two scrapers for push-pull. grade.-_ __ WORKSHEET 11 B-1 PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE Earthmoving Activity: Replacing topsoil over Pits #17 .): 750' haul @ 4% effective grade.8 min (round down) hr Pusher Hours Required = 40 scraper hours hrs + = 20 (round up) Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook..:. Description of Scraper Use (origin..5~_ _ = _. Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure): Back-track loading method with a single push tractor.29 LCY/hr Hours Required = 14.:1:... List Pusher Tractor(s) Used: D8N dozer will assist the scraper in loading.6 maneuver and spread time + _~. destination.... • .!1~. 750' return @ 4% effective grade..:.5 Time load time (push-pull is per pair) Hourly Production + .::5_____ min scraper load time X _---...J..5 loaded trip time + . capacity.-__ min X cycle time LCY + 364.1!. Push Tractor Productivity Calculations: Pusher Cycle Time = __.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:.1 min (push-pull is per pair) =_..): Cat 627F Non-push pull 14cy (struck) + 20 cy (heaped) =(14 cy + 20 cy)/2 =17 cy ave capacity.75 min pusher cycle time 2 scrapers per pusher Scrapers per Pusher = 2.:...::. Scraper Productivity Calculations: Cycle = . 83 -22 .7_ _ _ LCY capacity* X 60 min/hr _~2:. Edition 29.5=----___ = return trip time 2.29 net hourly production LCY/hr .75 efficiency factor = 364.1 scraper cycle time min + = 2.#22. haul distance. etc.:.!.

2. etc. haul distance.=B""on".0 (round down) min Pusher Hours Required = _. Scraper Productivity Calculations: Cycle Time = ..:1~7_-:-:--:-. capacity... etc.... Edition 29.-:-:-__ = return trip time 3..-.::.:.4..:..100' haul @ 4% effective grade. grade.... destination. List Pusher Tractor(s) Used: D8N dozer will assist the scraper in loading.5 scraper load time min x_-=-1:.. Description of Scraper Use (origin...1-=--_ _ + loaded trip time .""'-'J.100' return @ 4% effective grade.:2:.5=--_ min pusher factor Scrapers per Pusher = 3.:.75 efficiency factor = hr 255 LCY/hr Hours Required = 7.7:.149 volume to be handled LCY + _--=2=5:.0 (push-pull is per pair) min Hourly Production = _. capacity. 83 ..): 2.5 load time (push-pull is per pair) + _-'1...5'--_ _ = _.:.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:--'K.): Cat 627F Non-push pull 14cy (struck) + 20 cy (heaped) = (14 cy + 20 cy)/2 = 17 cy avg capacity.04 * The average of the heaped and struck capacities.4.:.O~__ min cycle time X ...-_ _ hrs scraper hours -----:~---- 2 scrapers per pusher (match Worksheet 11-8-1) = _~1.0:.:.. Push Tractor Productivity Calculations: Pusher Cycle Time = .d'--_ __ WORKSHEET 11 B-2 PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE Earthmoving Activity: Replacing topsoil over office area and haul road.0 scraper cycle time min + .5_ _ _ LCY/hr net hourly production = 28. Characterization of Scraper Used (type. use total for two scrapers for push-pull.:8:.8.23 .:..:....LCY capacity* X 60 min/hr + _-::3c:.:... Describe Push Tractor Loading Method (see figure on next page): Back-track loading method with 1 push tractor..75 pusher cycle time min = 4.0=--_ hr (round up) Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook..6 maneuver and spread time + _:....

See disclaimer in Appendix A.3 1.[I: j I I I 1. .J~.5 B.3 1. WORKSHEET 11 B (continued) PRODUCTIVITY OF DOZER PUSH-LOADED SCRAPER USE ( ~---------------------~ ~-- . ---~~t. ..5 2. Chain LoadiIQ • I • • --->--..5 c.!:::Bo~n~d_ __ . c:::::::>----. Back Track Loadng aJ~c::::::> I-----~ I I I ..." TEREX AMERICAS. .Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:--"K~.. OK 74107. Tulsa. (918) 445-5802.... PUSHER FACTORS . 83 -24 .'> 1. I I 1.. ¢:::=l .1981 Data Source(s): Illustration from "Production and Cost Estimating of Material Movement and Earthmoving Equipment. Worksheet 118.... .----. ..---.0 ':---:/ A. . . SIUIe Loadng Modified from Terex.

etc.J~.29 ac/hr Hours Required = 16.8~_ mi/hr X __9~_ ft average speed effective blade width X 5.280 ftlmi x 1 ac/43.75 efficiency factor = 2. Haul road area 10. Coal pad/office area 0.5 acres TOTAL: 16.:7__ hr Scarification Hourly Production . size capacity.N/A = average speed milhr x scarifier width ft x 5..280 ftlmi X 1 ac/43.. WORKSHEET 12A PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR MOTORGRADER USE Earthmoving Activity: Final grade ripped area prior to placing topsoil. effective blade width.2 acres = = = Productivity Calculations: Grading Hourly Production = _=2. operating speed. equipped with EROPS. 83 -25 . Characterization of Grader Used (type.29 hourly production ac/hr = _.:.. 215 horsepower.9 acres.:.!:::Bo~n~d_ __ ..9 acres.. Description of Grader Route (push distance. Edition 29. scarifier/ripper. % grade.): Caterpillar 140H.#22) 10.560 ft2 x efficiency factor = ac/hr Hours Required = _~--:-_ ac + _-:-----:-_ _ ac/hr = area to be hourly scarified production hr Total Hours = -=.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:-!K~.): Pit area (#17.2 area to be graded ac + 2. etc.30~1=-*_ __ *Total support equipment hours is 301 (see Worksheet 13).560 ft2 X . Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.

280 ftImi X 1 ac/43. Coal pad/office area 0. equipped with EROPS. Data Source(s): Caterpillar Performance Handbook.:. area to be hourly scarified production hr Total Hours = 301* * Motorgrader is assumed to be onsite support equipment during total project (see Worksheet 13).67 scarifier width x 5.5 acres TOTAL: 26.1 ac + __1:.95 efficiency factor ft ----!.): Pit area (#11.8 acres. ac/hr Hours Required = 26.. Edition 29. size capacity. effective blade width.8 average speed mi/hrx 7. WORKSHEET 128 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR MOTORGRADER USE Earthmoving Activity: Scarify all disturbance prior to re-seeding.!=B~on~d~_ __ ...8 acres.36 .95=-__ aclhr = 13.#22) 20.26 . 215 horsepower.560 tt 2 x 7~5~__= 1.=. scarifier/ripper.. Characterization of Grader Used (type. Description of Grader Route (push distance.N/A Hourly Production = _ _ _ mi/hr X _ _ _ _ ft average speed effective blade width X 5.:. Haul road area 4.1 acres = = = Productivity Calculations: Grading . 83 .:.560 ft2 X _ _ _ _= ac/hr efficiency factor Hours Required =_--:--:-_ ac area to be graded _ _ _ _ ac/hr = ___ hr hourly production Scarification Hourly Production = 2.): Caterpillar 140H. % grade. etc. operating speed.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 1212/99 Prepared by:-!K~.280 Wmi x 1 ac/43. etc.J.

) Labor cost for last five items from AZ 990017 (08/06/99).153 38.888 26.40 95. assume wages for highway use truck drivers. I $219.89 19.47 84.39 22.09 86.419 17. Also.96 86. Water Tank 769D Truck 769D Truck 769D Truck 769D Truck I ** *** Account for multiple units in truck and/or scraper teams. S.28 37. Cost Reference Guide for Construction Equipment.. Total Project Time =total truck and loader time = 120 + 120 + 59 + 2 =301 hours..n:::. add support equipment such as water wagons and graders to match total project time as appropriate.39 22. Inc. To compute Total Cost: Add Ownership & Operation Cost and Labor Cost columns then multiply by Total Hours Required column.000 gal.80 19.89 Total Hours Required 34** 34** 34** 301* 301* 301* 301* 360**** 360**** 118**** 6**** Grand Total * Total Cost *** ($) 4. **** Data Source(s): D8R-SU hourly rate estimate quoted by PRIMEDIA (PRIMEDIA Information.27 .13 100.. C and D.04 69.47 113. therefore support equipment time will equal 301 hours. Navajo County.89 19.09 Labor Cost ($/hr) 22. See Worksheets 9A.09 86.316 I Include all necessary attachments and accessories for each item of equipment.39 23.153 12.619 3.Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 .09 86.-".47 22.416 38.39 22..89 19.506 636 627F Scraper 627F Scraper D8R-SU Push Tractor 988F Loader D8R-SU Dozer with 3 shank ripper 140 H Grader 6.39 17.d_ __ WORKSHEET 13 SUMMARY CALCULATION OF EARTHMOVING COSTS Equipment * Ownership & Operation Cost ($/hr) 113.622 37. 83 .285 35.J. Prepared by:-'K '-'!.619 4.Bo"".

Use additional worksheets if necessary.. irrigation.. Coal pad/office area = 0.:.5 acres.6 acres)..1 acres) plus reclaimed but unreleased areas within the permit boundary (5.K~..8 acres. fertilizing & mulching = $11. The local NRCS office provided an average revegetation cost of $450/acre.) Other Costs: %...7 area to be seeded & unreleased disturbed areas ac X .25 x ($_~----:-_ _~. Haul road = 4.::.311 * The 25% failure rate is applied to all initial seeding disturbance (26.745 Planting Trees and Shrubs _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ac X ($_ _ _ _----"ac area to be planted planting + $_ _ _ _ _--"ac) = herbicide treatment $-_ _ _--=0'-- Reseeding 31.1 area to be seeded ac X ($ lac seedbed preparation + $ 450 lac) seeding. TOTAL 26. 83 .$_ _ __ TOTAL REVEGETATION COST FOR THIS AREA = $15..----- ---------------------------------------------- Project: Haul Back Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by:-. fertilizing & mulching = $ 3..#22 = 20../ac) = $-_ _----'O~_ planting herbicide treatment Other Revegetation Activity for this Area: (Examples of other activities that may be necessary include soil sampling. Describe each activity and provide a cost estimate with documentation.J.:::Bo""n""d'---_ __ WORKSHEET 14 REVEGETATION COSTS Name and Description of Area to be Revegetated: Pits #11 .28 . Data Source(s): Mine plan and local NRSC.566 Replanting Trees and Shrubs _ _ _ _ _ _ ac X . Cost Calculation for Individual Revegetation Activities: Initial Seeding 26..1 acres = Description of Revegetation Activities: No special revegetation activities required. and rill and gully repair./ac + seedbed preparation $ failure rate* 450 lac) seeding. Seedbed preparation has already taken place.-_ _ _ X area to be planted failure rate* & unreleased disturbed areas ($_ _ _ _.8 acres./ac + $_ _~:--_--.

".5% to 6% of Line 6) Contractor Profit! Overhead ( 27 % of Line 6) (see Graph 1) $_----!.-.:3...25 % of Line 6) $_---'1.173 ° $ 265.1.J. NY. 83 .:..1.13 Identify current month/year used in formula above: Identify prior month/year used in formula above: ENR = Engineering News Record. 6.914 13..::5. $ 386.enr.. McGraw-HiII Construction Information Group.4_ _ (2. 13.311 2.K~.:.d_ __ WORKSHEET 16 RECLAMATION BOND SUMMARY SHEET 1.29 .Project: Haul Back Example Date: 12/2/99 Prepared by:-..7. 12..".=63=0'--_ 9.7c. 5..::..L:..287 $_----'-10::.. 3. Formula assumes permit term or time until next bond adequacy evaluation is 5 years. 235.:9c... 8..B""o.:5~1_ _ 11.745 Inflated Total Direct Costs (Line 5 x inflation factor *) Mobilization/Demobilization (i% of Line 6) $ (1% to 10% of Line 6) Contingencies ( 4 (3% to 5% of Line 6) % of Line 6) 7. 4.659 (round to $387. Adjust time frame as necessary.317 15.:.1. Engineering Redesign Fee ( 4. Project Management Fee (5.000) * Inflation factor = ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr = ENR CCI for mo/yr 5 years prior to current mo/yr 12/99 12/94 6127 5439 = 1.2_ _ (see Graph 2) Total Indirect Costs (sum of Lines 7 through 11) GRAND TOTAL BOND AMOUNT (sum of Lines 6 and 12) $ 120. hHp:/lwww. New York.2:.. 10....".no:.25% of Line 6) $_---'1c.9:.com. Total Facility and Structure Removal Costs Total Earthmoving Costs Total Revegetation Costs Total Other Reclamation Activities Costs Total Direct Costs (sum of Lines 1 through 4) $ $ $ $ $ 545 219.

c::::::J TOPSOIL STORAGE ••• -. .--Y -. v " / .¥.'" ./ .~t / I/ " ii //. " .L_-r-.I 1 ('. .. C1> ---... .:I . "... 'JI .."/ '>/' .r'lj'II:)) / ..J ' ['.. '/ .I... 6'~r j[ ~ -p/ .& / .. . \~ .I I I " ( .\\ I ..~ 'K ~ j :/ ..rJJ~ . I ~ /' ) 6 ..=J ~I . :.... / ". p.. . • f J) / " .-..) ' \~\\ \ \ \\ ~"jjI '..:J~/"" 1/4 COR /: . . " . OF" PFRMIT A.:.'. / /. AT ION ~ QJ ) I '/ " / ( 1 .I ~hI\/') ' ~ \t~\ ~ . ~ (' . " /17' I / ' <l ' " .' .." ('" ~..: ~ 5' ·' ).. "" "'A lfl M lfJ E '114 COR NOTE rrl ~ It I -u OV ERBURDEN STORAGE····· . \ LEGEND SEr L EGEND ()Ij PL ATE' I Of MINE MAP P. I \ " ~~ .. ----.:'/ ~~~.~ '/. OJ I. tI " / ' " r I'" ~' ~ " ~ ~ (~:-·r.'" fii .( ~.. .:>P J(./_/~ ~ ~ .J ...p . 44 . SfCno ~ I ..1 1.!'.. r n. NOTE THIS PLAN WAP IS TO BE USED WITH THE '-'INtNG PLAN..J "" '" I .. ~ C..a: o ~ ~ . .. I .' TAINMENT BER M I )! I I " DIT CH . I: . " ~ •. ./.. " ~ ''il. ' .~ PONDS ••• • •• .. ... / " I "j/ / ~ 'J I I I /' }I I ."' '' / ./ " / /' .C' .I' . 9 \ .: v"-. PART J. ~ '/ / .

-'7:.. Bond December 2.::5~_ _ _ __ Bonding Scheme (permit area.000 84 -1 . R..!. incremental. cumulative): Permit Area If Incremental: Increment Number: Increment Acreage: If Cumulative: Acres previously authorized for disturbance: New acres proposed for disturbance: Type of Operation: Location: Mountain Top Removal USA Prepared by: Date: R. 1999 Total Bond Amount: $ 653.4 Permitted Acreage:_1...BOND AMOUNT COMPUTATION Applicant: Mountain Top Removal Example Permit Number: Example No.

At this pOint. The access road to the ponds will be removed when the ponds are removed. three 40-foot storage trailers will need to be removed. Approximately 1. Structure Removal No buildings are planned for the site. Earth Moving Activities The first step of the earthmoving activities is backfilling of the open highwall. Ponds are to be removed by grading the pond berms to original drainage contours.975 will be temporarily stored. 2. the spoil storage areas adjacent to the highwall must be graded to final contours. It is assumed that the topsoil will need to be hauled 650 feet up a 5 percent 84 -2 . The worst-case reclamation scenario occurs when the mining of the lower seams (A & 8) just begins. 1. and graded over the disturbed mine area for positive drainage. as shown on attached drawings. This highwall will be eliminated by blasting a portion of it to an acceptable grade and pushing the blast material and the stored spoil to reclaim the highwall.R. The spoil above the 2.400 feet of highwall is exposed above the 8 through E seams. Hollow fills are approximately one-half their designed capacity at this point. Spoil material is composed of 90% sandstone and 10% shale. Bond WORKSHEET 1 DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO This is a 175-acre mountain-top-removal site from which six seams of coal will be removed (see Figures 8-6 through 8-9 at end of worksheets). The following sections discuss the reclamation plan for the worst-case scenario. Revegetation and Topsoil Redistribution Topsoil will be redistributed by loaders and trucks and will be graded by dozers.400 feet of highwall length is exposed at the D-seam level. It is assumed that all work activities on both hollow fills are current except for spreading topsoil and revegetation. This includes the mined area and hollow fills. 3. Prior to topsoil redistribution. The temporary spoil storage will be adjacent to the working face of the highwall. Spoil is stored adjacent to the base of the exposed highwall. The permanent storage will be in two durable rock valley fills neither of which encroaches on streams. A 6-inch depth amounts to 112. The spoil will be stored both in temporary and permanent storage.975-foot elevation will be stored in the valley fills while the spoil below elevation 2.------------------------------------------------------------------------ Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R. approximately 1.933 cubic yards of topsoil requiring replacement. the main road will be permanent. It is assumed that 140 acres will require topsoil distribution. however. For the road areas.

5Ac 140 Ac It is assumed that all areas will be re-vegetated using the same type of seed mix recommended in the mining plan and no tree planting will be conducted. reclamation and hollowfill construction has progressed as planned. Assume that the trucks will spread 50 percent of the topsoil in dumping and the remaining 50 percent is spread by dozers. The areas that require re-vegetation and topSOil redistribution are listed below. 12. b.2 Ac 37.8 Ac 35. Bond WORKSHEET 1 (continued) DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO grade to the mined area and 600 feet down a 5 percent grade to the hollow-fills. NOTE: Worksheets 4A. c.3 .6 Ac 4.3 Ac 2.5Ac 140 Ac Topsoil Redistribution 58. 118. Data Source(s): Permit Application. 17 and 18 are not applicable to this example.8 Ac 35.R.2 Ac 37.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R.6Ac 1. Other Reclamation Activities a. Assumptions: Mining.6Ac 1. Area Mining Hollow-fill A Hollow-fill B Basins Basin Access Road Explosive Area Re-vegetation 58.6 Ac 4.3 Ac 2. Drilling and blasting the high-wall to an acceptable grade is required. 84 . 11A. 7. Ponds will need to be maintained and pumped prior to removal. The haul-road is permanent and will need to be maintained until reclamation is complete. 4.

0_ _ _ __ Debris Handling and Disposal Costs: Subtotal = $ _--=0'--_ _ __ TOTAL DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL = $ _1.5:. etc. Bond WORKSHEET 2 STRUCTURE DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL COSTS Structures to be demolished: Item Construction Material Volume (cubic feet) Unit Cost Basis ($) oemolilioj Cost ($) I Subtotal I $0 I Other items to be demolished (.:0.): Remove 40-foot storage trailers .L::.::.:1. Subtotal = $.Project: Date: Prepared By: Mountain Top Example 12102199 R.. 84 -4 .=50=-:0'--_ _ __ Data Source(s): Permit Application. rail spurs.500..3 each @ $500 each = $1. utility poles.>... conveyors...paved roads.:.R.

Haul topsoil 8. Yz blasted rock. Haul topsoil 6. Load topsoil 5. Spread topsoil 9. Grade temporary spoil storage area 4.519 18.2 ac + [(37. ** 98. Project: Date: Prepared By: Mountain Top Example 12102199 R.R.209 56. 84 . Remove ponds 10.. Load topsoil 7.500 1.9 ac (58.-------_. Bond WORKSHEET 3 MATERIAL HANDLING PLAN SUMMARY Earthmoving Activity 1.563 53. Remove pond access roads 11. Grade spoil from temporary storage highwall 3.724 59.__ . B Hollow-fill Disturbed Area Pond Cut Areas 650 5 7730 Truck 992G Loader 600 100 100 100 (-)5 15 0 (-)5 30** 7730 Truck D9R with SU-Blade D9R with SU-Blade D9R with SU-Blade D6R with S-Blade * Record grade resistance (% grade) here.467 11.8 ac + 35. Grade spoil. the remaining 45.209 59.407 140 ac** Origin Destination Haul Distance (ft) 140 100 100 Grade * (%) (-)30 30 0 Equipment To Be Used D9R with SU-Blade D9R with SU-Blade D9R with SU-Blade 992G Loader Highwall Storage Storage Storage Storaae Storaae Storage Site Berm Fill Areas Highwall Highwall Storaae Area Trucks Mined Area Trucks A.724 53.6 ac)/2] ) are steep slopes of hollow fills and the regraded.1 acres are contour graded (0% grade). reduced highwall area (30% grade). Final grading Volume (Ley) 39.5 . into pit 2.638 63.

95' x 1400' + 27 ft3/ Yd 3) = 24.638 yd 3 Grade spoil peaks in temporary storage to highwall at lower seams. Material Volume/hollow fill A & B = 73. B4 -6 .560 ft2/ac x 0. (See Figure B-8 at end of worksheets.563 yd 3 = x 0.625 21. Material Volume =112.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R.209 yd 3 2.6 ac x 43.000 6. Pond access road removal. x 358' (Area) x 1400 + 27 ~/yd3 = 18.) Material Volume = 2 levels x % (35' x 35') x 1400' + 27 ft3 3 = 63.467 yd 3 6. Material Volume 3.933 yd 3+ 2 = 56. Spread topsoil.R. Grade blasted material.5 ft + 27 ft3/yd 3 Material Volume/Mining.8 ac-ft Estimate Volume as a 2-ft depth over pond area. Pond removal.407 yd3 7. Assume % of topsoil is spread by trucks. Bond WORKSHEET 4B EARTHWORK QUANTITY 1.5 ft + 27 ft3/yd 3 Ponds.250 ft2 x 2 ft + 27 ff/yd 3 = = = 11.500 yd 3 = 1. Material Volume 155.3 155. Load and haul topsoil.8 35.625 ft2 6.774 yd 3 1.519 yd 3 /yd 3. x Material Volume = % (% x 58' x 32. = = 53.800 ft x 10 ft x I ft + 27 ft3/yd 3 Data Source(s): Permit Application.9 63. Material Volume = 1.0' (Depth) 4. Grade temporary spoil pile left after high-wall back-filled.250 ft2 28.4 ac x 43. Basins. Pond 021 022 023 024 Totals Remove ponds by grading to original contours. % by dozers.8 ac-ft 11.560 ft2/ac 59. Assume % of the material is casted in blasting. Area Volume 35.000 3. 66.60 swell = 39. etc.724 yd 3 5.

00=---__ X production method/blade factor** 1..-..25 grade factor X . Bond WORKSHEET 5A PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Grade spoil. destination.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R.7'-'5:. Data Source(s): Permit Application.90 weight correction factor* .:.): D9R with SU-blade. X _ _1.00 elevation factor** = .. Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor =_---=.): The dozer is used to push % of blasted rock into the open pit. 84 -7 .:.90 ** Normal dozing with straight and U-blades use 1.638 LCV + volume to be moved ---~~----- 466 LCV/hr = net hourly production --~---- 85 hr * Weight Factor = 2. The material will be pushed 140 feet down (-) 30% effective grade. haul distance...-_ _ x_---=.:=-83=-___ X operator factor material factor efficiency factor 1.00...49 Net Hourly Production = __.. material..95:.~4~9_ _ _ _ __ operating adjustment factor = 466 LCV/hr Hours Required = --~~-~:..:.7.------ 39.:.. size. into open pit.:. Edition 29..:.. grade.R.300 Ib/yd 3 + 2. %-blasted rock.550 Ib/yd 3 = 0.-:--:-__ X _-::. etc.. Caterpillar Performance Handbook. Characterization of Dozer Used (type.0=--_ _ _ LCV/hr normal hourly production X _----!. etc.00 visibility factor X 1. Description of Dozer Use (origin...0:.

!.49 Net Hourly Production = 1."'-7.300 Ib/yd 3 + 2.:. Caterpillar Performance Handbook.25 grade factor X _:. material.:0:.): The dozer is used to push spoil 100 feet up a + 30% effective grade.R.:9:..519 LCV + volume to be moved -~~---~ 613 Lcv/hr net hourly production = -~~--... haul distance..8 ..::.:..-_ _ __ operating adjustment factor =_-=6:.00.00 elevation factor·· = ..=. grade.:..hr 104 * Weight Factor = 2.-.:=-83=:--_ _ X material efficiency factor factor 1.. Edition 29. size.. Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = __..=.7...--- ~- ---- ---------------~~---- ----- - ----- ----------- Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R. Data Source(s): Permit Application. etc.:.550 Ib/yd 3 = 0.....250 normal hourly production Lcv/hr X _ _... destination.5:. B4 .---.0--:-:--_ X _-=:.90 ** Normal dozing with straight and U-blades use 1.:.0::.-__ operator factor X _.4:.. Characterization of Dozer Used (type..:..00=--__ X weight production visibility correction method/blade factor factor* factor·· 1.9:..-_ X _----!1.:.. Bond WORKSHEET 58 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Grade spoil from temporary storage to open pit.1. etc..:.): D9R with SU-blade Description of Dozer Use (origin..3_ _ _ LCv/hr Hours Required = --~~-~~----- 63..:0=---_ _ X __1:.!.

material.2:.): D9R with SU-blade Description of Dozer Use (origin. Caterpillar Performance Handbook.R.90 weight correction factor* 1. Bond WORKSHEET 5C PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Grade temporary spoil storage area to final reclaimed contours.. 84 .1. etc.00 grade factor X .=3:=9_ _:__---operating adjustment factor = 488 Lcv/hr Hours Required = -~7-~~~--~ 18.39 Net Hourly Production = _----=. size. Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = X . grade.:.70 material factor X . Characterization of Dozer Used (type.1:.563 LCV + volume to be moved -~~~--- 488 Lcv/hr = net hourly production -~~--- 38 hr * Weight Factor = 2.00 production method/blade factor** X 1.550 Ib/yd 3 = 0.00 elevation factor** = .9 .): The dozer is used to grade spoil by pushing 100 feet at a 0% effective grade.:5::. Data Source(s): Permit Application.83 efficiency factor X 1.:0~__ LCV/hr X normal hourly production _----'.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R. etc. haul distance.00 visibility factor X 1.3001b/yd 3 + 2.00.75 operator factor X . Edition 29.90 ** Normal dozing with straight and U-blades use 1. destination.

::5~__ LCV/hr Hours Required = -~~. haul distance.::0'--_____ normal hourly production operating adjustment factor = __6:..75 grade factor X ..90 ** Normal dozing with straight and U-blades use 1.300lb/yd3 + 2.. destination..Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R.5:.:.83 efficiency factor X . Edition 29.): D9R with SU-blade Description of Dozer Use (origin. size.00 production method/blade factor** X 1.. grade.:2=. Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = X .1. Data Source(s): Permit Application....00 visibility factor X 1. Characterization of Dozer Used (type.R. etc.90 weight correction factor* 1.550 Ib/yd 3 = 0. Bond WORKSHEET 50 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Spread topsoil.75 operator factor X 1.50 Net Hourly Production =_. etc. material.467 LCV + volume to be moved -~~---- 625 LCV/hr = net hourly production --~~-- 90 hr * Weight Factor = 2.): The dozer is used to spread topsoil 100 feet up a + 15% effective grade. 84 -10 ..=25=:0=----:-_ LCV/hr X _ _:.00. Caterpillar Performance Handbook.~~---- 56.00 elevation factor** = .20 material factor X .

00 grade factor X .6::.. 1.): Dozer will push pond berm 100 feet to original drainage contours over mostly flat (0%) grades.00 production method/blade factor** X 1.20 material factor X . grade. haul distance.hr 14 * Weight Factor == 2.0__ LCV/hr normal hourly production X _ _--:-:-=-. Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = X . material. destination.83 efficiency factor X 1.300 Ib/yd3 + 2.R. etc.75 operator factor X 1.550 Ib/yd 3 = 0.c:2c::.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R.): D9R with SU-blade.500 LCV + volume to be moved --~~~-- 838 Lcv/hr net hourly production = ---~--.. size. Data Source(s): Permit Application.90 ** Normal dozing with straight and U-blades use 1. Edition 29. Caterpillar Performance Handbook.5. Bond WORKSHEET 5E PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Remove ponds by grading each berm to original contours. etc.00 elevation factor** = .00.~~---- 11.7'-::----:_--:-_ operating adjustment factor =_-=8=3=8_ _ _ Lcv/hr Hours Required = ---~.67 Net Hourly Production = __1!. 84 .11 . Description of Dozer Use (origin.00 visibility factor X 1. Characterization of Dozer Used (type.90 weight correction factor* 1. :.

. Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = ..:•. Characterization of Dozer Used (type.F: 85 + 104 + 38 + 90 + 14 + 2 =333. 84 -12 .00 production method/blade factor** X 1.00 elevation factor** = ..90 weight correction factor* X 1. 100 feet. haul distance.83 efficiency factor X 1..::5:.. material. Edition 29. etc.90.-------------------------------------------------- Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R. etc.00.7_____ LCY + _-=8:.00 visibility factor X 1.:.300 Ib/yd 3 + 2.'-!4.550 Ib/yd 3 = 0. Description of Dozer Use (origin. size. Bond WORKSHEET 5F PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Remove access road to ponds. (-)5% effective grade.:2::.75 operator factor X 1. grade.1 grade factor X . ** Normal dozing with straight and U-blades use 1.R.:.J.): Dozer used to grade road and ditches to original contours. Push distance.. Data Source(s): Permit Application.0_ _ hr volume to be moved net hourly production * Weight Factor = 2.): D9R with SU-blade.c::2::5::0_ _ LCY/hr X _ _ _.:.. destination.10 material factor X ..68 Net Hourly Production =__1:.::6::8_____ = normal hourly production operating adjustment factor 850 LCy/hr Hours Required = ___1:. Caterpillar Performance Handbook.::0=----___ LCY/hr =__. Total Dozer Hours from all Worksheets SA .J.:0.

:.:.:....=0=. 84 -13 .0__ X weight correction factor _---.0=-0~-­ elevation factor = __.:... etc... wide straight (S) blade (effective width with blade overlap = 10 ft.75 x _.-_ _ ft X effective blade width 5.:.23 ac/hr Hours Required = __---!.::2.3.2=---:-:-_ _:--_ = hourly production operating adjustment factor ---==~-- 2..:.::...:1~0:..:1.) Description of Dozer Use (% grade.): 1..:..0'--__ X .-_ mi/hr X average speed _ _..•.6_ _ _ ac/hr X _ _ _-=:.560 nz = _. Grading backfilled spoil on 98.:6:.0:.:3:. Contour grading of backfill and disturbed areas on 45.:.:..62=--_ _ .::5'--___ hr area to be graded net hourly production Data Source(s): Permit Application... etc.. Caterpillar Performance Handbook..:.::0:... size.•.:.::.:.00 grade factor operator factor X _ _..:3:..:. 2. operating speed.:.3____ ac/hr = _...1.:.:44~___ ac + __---'2:.1.6_ _ ac/hr Net Hourly Production = _....83 material factor efficiency factor X 1. Bond WORKSHEET 6 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE-GRADING Earthmoving Activity: Final grading Characterization of Dozer Used (type.9 acres of steeper slopes at 30% grade but backtracking upslope for net 0%. Edition 29. Hourly Production = _..1 acres at 0% grade.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R.00 visibility factor X _----:1:.280 nlmi X 1 ac/43. effective blade width.....::0'--_ X production method/blade factor 1....6:=...:.. Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = .1..R.): D6R -11 ft..

:6:. haul distance. grade...029 LCY/hr Hours Required = _.!..:. dump clearance Description of Loader Use (origin.. Data Source(s): Permit Application..... ** NOTE: Use 57 hours to match trucks (see Worksheet 9A).:..:. Bond WORKSHEET 8A PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE Earthmoving Activity: Load topsoil on trucks to be hauled to mined area.:5:....7:.L!.. ---.:. Characterization of Loader Use (type. 84 -14 .:2=--_ hr** * See loader section of equipment manual..0..:..7=--_min Net Bucket Capacity = _-:-=1..=.7_ _ min X _-=.): Load topsoil in storage area.:.:.7_ _ _ _ min basic cycle time = _..-:-:---:--:-_ LCY heaped bucket capacity X --:-..Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R... etc... destination..): 992G with Large Standard Spade-edge.:1-:-:.R.0_ LCY net bucket capacity .•.0. 16 CY rock bucket..!4:... Edition 29.0~_ _ LCY = Hourly Production = _1... 15.29:..:..:2:.-=6..:.. Productivity Calculations: Cycle time = _____ min haul time (loaded) + ______ min + return time (empty) _. etc..5:::..3 ft. size..-_ _ LCY/hr hourly production = ---..:3:....:6.J'L:. Caterpillar Performance Handbook...-_ LCY volume to be moved _1.0=-:-::-:-:--__ bucket fill factor' = _---=1c.~75=---_ X 60 min/hr cycle time efficiency factor 1.:..

.:.2:...:9:.. grade..5:..7__ min cycle time X . destination.): 992G with Large Standard Spade~dge.6:.:.--_ LCY/hr hourly production = _-=5=8....:.-... NOTE: Total Loader Hours from Worksheets 8A and B = 57 + 58 = 115 Data Source(s): Permit Application.75 efficiency factor X 60 min/hr = 1. Characterization of Loader Use (type... _--:-.0----:__ LCY heaped bucket capacity X --:--=-1. dump clearance Description of Loader Use (origin. haul distance. 15..R. etc. Caterpillar Performance Handbook..::.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R.0__ LCY Hourly Production = 16.3 ft..:0____bucket fill factor· = _----'-16. size... Bond WORKSHEET 88 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE Earthmoving Activity: Load topsoil on trucks to be hauled to mined area.--_ hr * See loader section of equipment manual.:.1.0:. 84 -15 ..:..7___ min Net Bucket Capacity = _-:--1.=0~29..c:. Productivity Calculations: Cycle time = _-:---:--::--_ min haul time (loaded) + __--:-:___ min + return time (empty) ..:. etc.7 basic cycle time min = _.:. 16 CY rock bucket.029 LCY/hr Hours Required = _..:.:9'--_ _ LCY volume to be moved ...0 net bucket capacity LCY + _.... Edition 29.:..): Load topsoil in storage area..

::8'--_ _ truck cycle time total loading time min = _-=2=.7'-:---.4_ _-:----:-_ = _-=2::.:.:..c::2"'O..5_ _ _ min + __=2.. etc.:::4~__ LCV + __-=9.:. Characterization of Truck Use (type.75 efficiency factor production rate 936 = --=-=-=---..8 loading time min + :---=2:. haul distance. Loader Passes/Truck = _.:6::.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R.!!2:....:.:....:..:3.4:-_--:-_ LCV net truck capacity X 2 no...7____ hr volume to be moved hourly production * Use the average of the struck and heaped capacities..:6:. Edition 29..l(...passes (round down to nearest whole number) Net Truck Capacity = _ _1!.. Caterpillar Performance Handbook... destination. 9__ min + _---=.=.3:...): 7770 Truck struck capacity = 60.:.::...15 min haul time No. etc. .:.1 CY.3~'L!..:..Lcv/hr Hours Required = ___5.1.-_ _ _ _ min X _-:---:-.5-:--:-:--.6 CY...:0:.35 CY average capacity Description of Truck Use (origin.5=--__ LCV truck capacity * loader bucket net capacity + -:-.:. B4 -16 .. loader passesltruck = --=. Data Source(s): Permit Application...: .:. Productivity Calculations: No.:!2:.8 LCV/min Hourly Production = _... capacity...:1:-:6:.:6'--_ _ _ Lcv/hr = _-=5...:.0~___ LCV X _ _---:4:!.7. loader passesltruck Loading Time/Truck = -:----:---=-.. trucks __~6=.:.:6:.... size...min = truck cycle time 20.:2.:.0=--:-_ _ dump and maneuver time min = 6.. .. Bond WORKSHEET 9A PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE Earthmoving Activity: Haul topsoil from temporary storage to mined area. Haul and return distance are both 650 feet over + 5% effective grade..:.): Haul topSOil from storage to disturbed area.8____ min • loader cycle time (from Worksheet 8 or 10) Truck Cycle Time no.R. heaped capacity = 78.5__ min + return time 2.:..=...8~_ _ LCV/min X 60 min/hr X . • ...:e...:.. grade.1..0=---:---:_ LCV loader bucket net capacity = :------:~4:-=----:----:-.)'--_ trucks Production Rate = _--'6:.4-=----_ _ LCV no.:.. Trucks Required = _...-_ __ = __6.:. 69.4.:u'-=s..:9:.

:...): Haul topsoil from storage to disturbed area..1 CY.52 = truck cycle time min + 2.. grade.a..0::. 69... return is 600 ft.:.27 min. over (-) 5% effective grade.5:.!-_____ passes (round down to nearest whole number) Net Truck Capacity = _ _1.. Caterpillar Performance Handbook. Description of Truck Use (origin..52 min No.3:::. ** 600 ft I (25 MPH X 88 FPM/MPH) = ..8 loading time min + 2..4.. Trucks Required 5..:.:4~_ _ LCV net truck capacity production rate X 2 no.o. heaped capacity = 78.:.-_ __ no.:5:!. :6:. :Oc... haul distance.:.. 84 -17 .-__ LCV truck capacity * loader bucket net capacity + __1:.. etc.35 CY average capacity..:.. Edition 29..-___ LCV X _ _~4:!:.5:.:.:.:.8 total loading time min = 1.:6:..:. loader passesltruck Truck Cycle Time ...:.:..6 CY.::6:..•.7=---_____ min X _-:---:-. trucks + __. :. _---=-1..:5=----:---:--_ = _1.0_ _ loader bucket net capacity LCV = ___4.2=-_ _ LCV/min X 60 min/hr X _.R. etc.7.. size..97 (use 2) trucks Production Rate = _-.2 LCV/min Hourly Production = _..::2=----:--_ min = truck cycle time 23. Productivity Calculations: No.:.): 7770 Truck struck capacity = 60.... Loader Passes/Truck = _..8____ min loader cycle time (from Worksheet 8 or 10) min no. 4____ LCV/hr = hourly production 57 (use 58 hr to match loader) * Use the average of the struck and heaped capacities.::6~9:. Characterization of Truck Use (type..4=----_ LCV/hr • efficiency factor Hours Required = 59.:. at 0% effective grade....27** = haul time + .:3"".4__-::----:-_ = _-=2=-"•.209 volume to be moved LCV .04. loader passesltruck = __6"-4"--_ _ LCV Loading Time/Truck = __--=-.45 return time min + 2.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R. :.. Bond WORKSHEET 9B PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE Earthmoving Activity: Haul topsoil from temporary storage to Hollowfills A and B..:2:.. Haul distance is 600 ft. destination.0 dump and maneuver time min = 5. .. NOTE: Total Truck Hours from Worksheets SA and B = 57 + 58 = 115 Data Source(s): Permit Application. capacity..: ..

78 170.097 26.451 I Include all necessary attachments and accessories for each item of equipment. Inc.042 21. Bond WORKSHEET 13 SUMMARY CALCULATION OF EARTHMOVING COSTS Equipment * Ownership & Operation Cost ($/hr) 113. 1999.R.56 15.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R.56 12.551 20.719 21. Also.07 170.79 216.90 12.. I 84 -18 . To compute Total Cost: Add Ownership & Operation Cost and Labor Cost columns then multiply by Total Hours Required column.22 45. Cost Reference Guide for Construction Equipment. I Data Source(s): PRIMEDIA Information.042 D9R-SU Dozer D6R-S Dozer 992G Loader 777D Truck 777D Truck 14.90 I * ** *** Account for multiple units in truck and/or scraper teams. Grand Total I $131.07 Labor Cost ($/hr) Total Hours Required ** 333 333 115 115 115 Total Cost *** ($) 42. add support equipment such as water wagons and graders to match total project time as appropriate.56 14.

Data Source(s): Permit Application. fertilizing & mulching lac) = $ 63.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R./ac) = planting herbicide treatment $_ _ _ _ __ Reseeding 140 area to be seeded & unreleased disturbed areas ac X .50 failure rate* x($ 180 lac + $ 720 seeding. fertilizing & mulching lac) = $126.R.ac X X area to be planted failure rate* & unreleased disturbed areas ($ _ _ _ _--"ac + $ planting herbicide treatment lac) = $ _ _ _ __ Other Necessary Revegetation Activities (Examples of other activities that may be necessary include soil sampling. Cost Calculation for Individual Revegetation Activities: Initial Seeding 140 area to be seeded ac X ($ 180 seedbed preparation lac + $ 720 seeding.000 seedbed preparation Replanting Trees and Shrubs _--:---:-----:-----:----:. Bond WORKSHEET 14 REVEGETATION COSTS Name and Description of Area To Be Revegetated: All disturbed acreage requires seeding. Historic AML Costs. Describe each activity and provide a cost estimate with documentation. Use additional worksheets if necessary. Description of Revegetation Activities: Hydroseeding will be used because of the steep slope conditions./ac + $_ _ _ _ _ _. and rill and gully repair. no tree planting.) Other Costs: $_ _ _ __ TOTAL REVEGETATION COST * Assumes a 50% failure rate for reseeding based on historic AML costs.000 Planting Trees and Shrubs _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ac X area to be planted ($ _ _ _ _ _.000 B4 -19 . = $189. irrigation.

84 . maps...Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R.1.) Description of Reclamation.. x $0.20 .. etc.8 ac-ft. Assumptions: Volume =28.. Cost Estimate Calculations: 28. Bond WORKSHEET 15A OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS (Subsidence damage repair costs. Historic AML Costs. pumping. calculations. and treatment of ponds.) Data Source(s): Permit Application. Repair or Pollution Abatement Activity: Maintenance.8-=-18=----_ _ __ Other Documentation or Notes: (Include additional sheets..15/10 ft3 = $18. water supply replacement costs.818 TOTAL COSTS = $.:1'-"-8. as necessary to document estimate..560 ft2 lac.8 ac-ft x 43..:. funds required to support long-term treatment of unanticipated acid or ferruginous mine drainage.R. etc.

Repair or Pollution Abatement Activity: Haul road maintenance during reclamation.21 . funds required to support long-term treatment of unanticipated acid or ferruginous mine drainage.:.100 TOTAL COSTS = $-=2:1. Historic AML Costs. Assumptions: Haul road = 3. calculations. as necessary to document estimate.0=. maps.0_ _ __ Other Documentation or Notes: (Include additional sheets. Bond WORKSHEET 158 OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS (Subsidence damage repair costs.. Cost Estimate Calculations: 3.::. water supply replacement costs.R.) Description of Reclamation. etc... 84 .5 ac x $600 per ac = $2.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R.) Data Source(s): Permit Application..5 ac. etc.1:.

5 hr x $197..20241lb. I.704 Data Source(s): Dodge. etc.094/ea** = $6..$0. etc.~78~6~___ Other Documentation or Notes: (Include additional sheets.5 hr x $20.65/hr Blaster Cost = $22.145 X 1. funds required to support long-term treatment of unanticipated acid or ferruginous mine drainage. as necessary to document estimate.(D75KS) = $ 197.R.com).. maps.2024/1b** x 33. Explosives cost= $0.5 hr x $22. Inc. E. calculations. duPont deMemours & Co.595 +$3.628 3 Drill bits .) See next page.100 + $60.282 Explosives .$3. water supply replacement costs.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R.See Worksheet 15D Drill .30ea X 936 holes = $3.28/hr Driller Cost = $20. Building Construction Cost Data.788 Blasting caps .500 X (5997/4294. Bond WORKSHEET 15C OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS (Subsidence damage repair costs.enr. R.S. 84 . 1986. Cost Reference Guide for Construction Equipment. Blaster's Handbook the Engineering News Record website (www. Band C = $18.$2.65/hr) = $36.818 + $2.5 hrs Cost Estimate Calculations: (Ownership Cost) ( Driller Cost) (Blaster Cost) Drilling Cost = (185. GRAND TOTAL FROM WORKSHEETS 15A.22 .65/hr) + (185. Means.202 = $44.65/hr Drilling Hours Required = 185. 1999.540 Ib = $6. TOTAL=$__~$~60~.396 = $0. Construction Cost Guide.) Descriptions of Reclamation.786 = $81.094. Repair or Pollution Abatement Activity·: Drilling and blasting Assumptions: Quantities .28/hr) + (185. PRIMEDIA Information.088 ** 1986 costs adjusted for inflation: Drill bits cost = $1.75) = $2. 1998.831 + $4.

.. Drilling Rate = 1..1l1 (lbs ..R.692 ft + 1.5 ftlmin + 60 minlhr = 185. Drill Hcle OistarieetQ HighwaUFace (in feet) - Drill Hole Dept.n..5 hr Total Amount of Explosives Required: 215 Ib 16 holes x 156 = 33.7 I I I I ~07 I E><:plcsive in col \lr..5 42 I 25.540 Ibs 84 ... of Holes JZ. I .2 I ! -I 36 27 18 1 15. 45 10.6) 52 I I 9 30..'1 (fee.31 31 I I 20...L"- Blast Holes Highwall Pit ~ .400 ft + 9 ft = 156 Holes x 6 Rows = 936 Holes Total Feet of Drilling Required: 107 ftl6 holes x 156 = 1 6.95'....lHoles = 1..692 ft Avg.23 . Bond WORKSHEET 15C (continued) OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS spaCl.5 ftlmin Time = 16..- Total No.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R.) i: i i . .: ..10 li J i I 2 J 3 I ·1 4 5 I 6 I Total.. ) :a I 63 219 :'56 Holes I'i? -0 6 ROWS I --~ _ 0 ...1400 .:.

:. of Line 6)$_~~==--_ _ 11.6 (see Graph 2) % of Line 6 )$ _ _~. Adjust timeframe as necessary.-..:...:.1116 Identify current month/year used in formula above: Identify prior month/year used in formula above: ENR = Engineering News Record. 5.=--__ Engineering Redesign Fee (_6_% of Line 6)$_ _-=..---_ _ 2..com.. NY..0.310 (round to $ 653. 8... $ 653...000) * Inflation factor = ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr ENR CCI for mo/yr 5 years prior to current mo/yr 4/99 4/94 = 6008 5405 = 1.Project: Mountain Top Example Date: 12102199 Prepared By: R. 3. $_ _-==t. http://www. Project Management Fee ( 3. Formula assumes permit term or time until next bond adequacy evaluation is 5 years.>. 4.R. Bond WORKSHEET 16 RECLAMATION BOND SUMMARY SHEET 1. $----=-:'"'"'-':.:::"=""'_ _ (1% to 10% of Line 6) Contingencies (_5_% of Line 6) (3% to 5% of Line 6) 7.608 13.:.enr.:=-_ _ 12. New York.--- Inflated Total Direct Costs (Line 5 x inflation factor *) Mobilization/Demobilization (_5_% of Line 6)$ _ _-==::.. 9. McGraw-HiII Construction Information Group. 6. Total Facility and Structure Removal Costs Total Earthmoving Costs Total Revegetation Costs Total Other Reclamation Activities Costs Total Direct Costs (sum of Lines 1 through 4) $_ _~=.:.==-_ _ (2. 84 -24 . Total Indirect Costs (sum of Lines 7 through 11) GRAND TOTAL BOND AMOUNT (sum of Lines 6 and 12) $ 204..5% to 6% of Line 6) Contractor Profit! Overhead (see Graph 1) (~% 10.

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.00 PRE-MINING AREA .:==~====~=====.." .:::~~::~~~=.====~::::.300 /4.-___ r-WILDCAT SEAM NATURA L Sl.. S't. ~I:RSION DITCH C &ER~ DETAIL A DUAl L El .1 3000 ZCfOO o 100 ~oo 300 400 500 600 700 800 '00 1000 /100 /200 1.====~====. ..c..:::~::::~:::::.5VO l.00 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 eooo i!IOO 2200 Z.UP~R~SSY~m-S~M i'OO 800 <.::::~::::~::::.JOO 2400 ZSoo Z600 POST MINING AREA SECTION " A-A " Figure B-91 . ' .9300 3Z00 NATURAl.=::::.==============================::::'==i.OPCs _----------------:-L. .~ 2..::==~====~::==..ZO't 1 ~'u ~. - .U.~ ~LOWeRCOLD GAP SE"'''' ---SPLINT SEAM . /000 1100 1 = 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2/00 2200 2300 NOO 2500 2.C)PcS UPPER SPLINT ScAM !1100 3000 I ~~ o _~~~~:. "1'6 J. ..OO _----~---------------------------------------------_~~w-~ ...t)O ~-_J:.•....~L~O~W~E~R~C~RASSY SPRINGS SE~H ~100 200 300 406 ..:====~==~==:::.

Bond 12/02199 Total Bond Amount: $__~2=2=6~...BOND AMOUNT COMPUTATION Applicant: Processing Plant Example Permit Number: Example No...0~0~0____________________ B5 . T.3=-1..:.5 Permitted Acreage:_.:. incremental.. Bonding Scheme (permit area..o_ _ _ __ .:. cumulative): permit area If Incremental: Increment Number: Increment Acreage: If Cumulative: Acres previously authorized for disturbance: New acres proposed for disturbance: Type of Operation: Location: Coal Processing USA Prepared by: Date: P.1 .

Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by:-!. and sedimentation pond No. Sedimentation pond No. 002 will be eliminated. Waste coal and contaminated soil will be excavated and transported to the refuse disposal area. and shop building. and topsoil substitute is graded to cover the completed lifts with 4 feet of material. a rock-lined channel will be constructed on the pond site. and the sites vegetated. achieving a condition capable of supporting an industrial post-mining land use. an underground conveyor to the plant. When it has been determined that vegetation has been successfully established and the surface drainage control structures are no longer required. Refuse Is compacted In lifts.e worksheets. and conveyors from the plant to the refuse stockpile and the clean coal silo/stockpile.. Data Source(s): Permit Application.!. segregated. achieving an undeveloped post-mining land use.--_ _ __ WORKSHEET 1 DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO The coal-processing operation consists of a processing plant.4 miles to the refuse disposal area. The spoil from the abandoned mine is salvaged. Refuse from the processing operation Is transported via a public road a distance of approximately 1. the storage basins and sedimentation pond No. a rail loading facility. stored along the perimeter of the refuse area. Support structures for the operation Include: scale house/office. two storage basins that supply water to the plant. and used as a topsoil substitute to cover the refuse. 001.) The processing/loading operation consists of: a raw coal stockpile. (Figures 8-10 through 8-13 pertain to this example and can be found at the end of th. The refuse disposal site is an abandoned surface coal mine. The processing/loading site covers a disturbed area of approximately 9 acres. The site will be returned to its approximate original contour and vegetated with herbaceous species. the processing plant. The surface of the site will be ripped to loosen and mix the compacted soil prior to seed-bed preparation.!. BS-2 . scale. 002 provides surface drainage control for the refuse disposal site. and a refuse disposal area.. and the adjacent terrain will be vegetated.. Sedimentation pond No.T. The refuse disposal area will be covered with the topsoil substitute and vegetated with species that will stabilize the site and provide wild life enhancement. Reclamation of the area includes removal of all structures from the processing/loading site. 001 will be back-filled and eliminated. Surface drainage control structures Include diversion ditches.:. and the refuse disposal site covers approximately 22 acres.:.P..B~o:u:nd:l.

000 cubic yards.4 acres.914 ft3 696. 001: Area to be ripped: 2. Material salvaged for final lift area at refuse disposal site. 3. 001 embankment contains 5. 002 463.Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by: P. 8.1 9. Earthmoving Waste coal and contaminated soil: Soil will be removed to a depth of 6 inches from the three stockpile areas that total 1.T. 11B. total volume is 1. Maximum resistance will occur with final lift. Bond WORKSHEET 1 (continued) DESCRIPTION OF THE WORST-CASE RECLAMATION SCENARIO 1.2 Pond No.86-acre surface area with depth of 4 feet. With 15 percent final swell volume. 001 214.450 ft3 Basin No. Re-vegetation Processinglloading site: Refuse disposal site: Seven acres will require re-vegetation. 12.400 cubic yards.300 cubic yards.2 volume is 333 cubic yards. plus 15 percent final swell volume. BS-3 . yields total volume of 6. basin No. with 15 percent final swell volume.500 cubic yards.115 ft3 Treating and Dewatering ponds' basins/ponds: NOTE: Worksheets 4B. the material excavated from the basins and comprising the berms will be used to fill the basins. Two acres of a 9-acre processinglloading site is vegetated and will not be re-disturbed. Topsoil substitute material: Storage basins and sediment pond No. Data Source(s): Permit Application. Other Reclamation Activity Sediment pond No. 11A. Pond No. total volume is 6. 10. basin No.000 ft3 Basin No. 002: Embankment will be graded and eliminated during construction of rock-lined drainage channel. remaining 7 acres will be ripped. remaining 5 acres will require revegetation. I volume is 313 cubic yards. 17 and 18 are not applicable to this example. 0. concurrent reclamation will have resulted in 17 acres of a 22-acre site with vegetation. Volume of water to be removed is total of basins' and volumes at normal pool level.751 ft3 Pond No.

Scale house/office 3. Bond WORKSHEET 2 STRUCTURE DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL COSTS Structures to be demolished: Item Construction Material Steel beams.7_ __ TOTAL DEMOLITION AND DISPOSAL Data Source(s): Means Site Work and Landscape Cost Data. BS-4 ..6:.17 0. asphalt siding and roofing Wood frame. asphalt siding and roofing Wood frame. total length of conveyor system is 790 linear feet.:5=. 790 LF x $16/1 LF = $12. Scale 4.:9.0_ __ Debris Handling and Disposal Costs: Lump-sum cost includes demolition of concrete block foundation of plant and concrete silo.): Conveyor Systems: Structural steel supports for elevated units.:.17 1.... etc.457 I Other items to be demolished (paved roads.:4..000 952 128 1.000 5. conveyor demolition cost developed from crew and equipment composition and cost data from Means Building Construction Cost Data.. grading of rubble into the underground conveyor excavations.=.377 Demolition Cost ($) 34. conveyors.. Plant 2.640 Subtotal =$----'1=2"".000 Subtotal =$ --. Lump sum = $6. asphalt roofing Volume (cubic feet) 200..Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by: P.100 Subtotal Unit Cost Basis ($/ft) 0...600 750 8.:6~..:0~_ __ = $ ---=5:. utility poles.0:.00::.17 0. metal siding. AML data.T. Shop building I I $36. metal siding and roofing Wood frame. underground units enclosed in metal pipes. rail spurs.17 0. and removal/disposal of culvert. 1998.:.

T.300 1. Haul coal waste 4. 7 acres 6. Rip surface of site. Grade and remove pond No. Load coal waste 3. Bond WORKSHEET 3 MATERIAL HANDLING PLAN SUMMARY Earthmoving Activity 1.300 1.300 Origin Coal stockpile pad Site Site Site Destination Coal stockpile pad Site Site Site Haul Distance (ft) 50 50 50 50 Grade * (%) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Equipment To Be Used D7R-SU wI 3-shank ripper 988 F 769D D6R-S D7R-SU W/3-shank ripper D6R-S D7R-SU W/3-shank ripper D7R-SU W/3-shank ripper See Worksheet 15A 6. Grade topsoil substitute 8. Final grading of site. 001 and storage basins 9.Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by: P. Excavate coal waste 2. 002 and construct channel Volume (Ley) 1.400 Site Site 150 0 6. Grade and remove pond No. I B5-5 . 7 acres 7.300 1.500 Embankments Basins and Pond 100 0 I*Record grade resistance (% grade) here. Grade coal waste 5.

300 Ib/CY = 1.30.:...S::..0'--__ = _----=.): D7R with SU-blade dozer and 3-shank ripper Description of Dozer Use (origin.:1:...300 Ib/CY.:d=---_ _ __ Te.-'.:2:.:..:..300Ib/CY ** Normal dozing with SU-blade use 1..::..:..00 2..P.7:. B5-6 . grade.Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by:-...0=--_** ___ x weight correction factor production method/blade factor 1. Characterization of Dozer Used (type. material.onc:..:..50=--_ _ • elevation factor Net Hourly Production = _----=-1.:.300 LCY. The material weight is 2.:So:=0':----:-_ LCY/hr x _ _. Caterpillar Performance Handbook. etc..:..:5::.:0..1:.:0::......:S~___ LCY/hr = _.8::... size...:....::.:.0:. the average push distance is 50 feet and the effective grade is percent.0=--_ _ x operator factor material factor efficiency factor grade factor __1.•.3=--__ hr & volume to be moved net hourly production * Weight Factor = 2.0=---:-__ LCY + _ _..!.---* __ X _---:-... ° Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = _~.-_ _ x _ _.:.-__ x _--:.. Volume of material is 1.4-acre stockpile area.0 visibility factor x --:---=:1:. haul distance.3=--__ x _.:2:..-=:. .a.5::..:S=---__ LCY/hr normal hourly production operating adjustment factor Hours Required = ___.8:..): Dozer will excavate and pile material for loading. etc. Edition 28.. ..::..0=---_ _ _ = _---CS::.1:.c" -=B::. destination...." WORKSHEET SA PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Excavate 6-inch layer of coal waste and contaminated soil from the 1..00 Data Source(s): Permit Application...:.

83 efficiency factor x _.3~0. :.~7.300 Ib/CY...3... 7. Characterization of Dozer Used (type.:.1.. the average push distance is 50 feet and the effective grade is 0 percent.Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by: P....:3:..0=--___ LCY/hr x ___----!. operator factor material factor Operating Adjustment Factor . destination.7:.:.2::.): Dozer will grade material to blend with refuse and achieve final contour of fiU..: .:. Volume of material is 1.:. Description of Dozer Use (origin..00 2.T.300 LCY.:3:..:-=--_ _ x 1. Caterpillar Performance Handbook..0 grade factor ___1~....:7.:0'____ _ LCY + _ _-=. B5-7 ..3-=. material.3001b/CY ** Normal dozing with S-blade use 1. grade.5____ = __----.1.. The material weight is 2..O~_** ___ x __~1~.:.5::. Productivity Calculations: = _---=. Bond WORKSHEET 58 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Grade waste/soil at refuse site to blend with contour of fill. haul distance.:0~__ x .~O_* __ x ___~1~.L. Edition 28..::.75 Net Hourly Production = __4::..5___ x _ _.5'---___ LCY/hr =__4-'--__ hr volume to be moved net hourly production * Weight Factor = 2. etc..O~__ x weight correction factor production method/blade factor visibility factor 1.00 Data Source(s): Permit Application..): D6R with S-blade.. etc...0 elevation factor = ..5=---__ LCY/hr normal hourly operating adjustment production factor Hours Required = ___.300 Ib/CY = 1.:. size..::.

. Caterpillar Performance Handbook.00 Data Source(s): Permit Application.90 2..::O.0___ x .3::.:4. size.86-acre surface of the refuse fill.6:J'L.67 Net Hourly Production = 525 LCY/hr x normal hourly production .300 Ib/CY = 0.): Dozer will grade material to achieve 4-foot depth over 0..-___ • operator factor 0. WORKSHEET 5C PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Grade topsoil substitute to distribute over refuse and achieve final contour.P~.5501b/CY ** Normal dozing with S-blade use 1..8.. haul distance.::.:.1.-_ _ x __1:.Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by:-.2:.67 = operating adjustment factor 352 LCY/hr.8___ hrs. net hourly production * Weight Factor = 2.0 elevation factor 1. etc.:. B5-8 .::O_:--_ LCY volume to be moved + _ _..0** production method/blade factor x x _ _. the average push distance is 150 feet and the effective grade is 0 percent.0 visibility factor = . The material weight is 2...::3.!. Hours Required = ___. Characterization of Dozer Used (type. grade... Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = _--=. material. material efficiency grade factor factor factor x 1.:.::5=2--:-___ LCY/hr = _---=.!.75::.::.....:.!:B:!::!on~d=--_ _ __ ..1.-.:0=--__ x _--.-.): D6R with S-blade.T.400 LCY...:.9* weight correction factor x 1.5501b/CY. Edition 28. etc.. destination.:. Description of Dozer Use (origin... Volume of material is 6.

.. grade.. etc.=.P"-...56 operating adjustment factor = 420 LCY/hr Hours Required = ___-=6~.0=.:..2::..): Dozer will grade embankment material to fill excavations..:. haul distance..300 Ib/CY =0. Edition 28.:.:.-___ LCY/hr =__1. The material weight is 2.. ° Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = _---". size.0::..7=..::d'--_ _ __ WORKSHEET 5D PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE Earthmoving Activity: Grade embankment material to backfill storage basins and pond 001. the average push distance is 100 feet and the effective grade is percent.. Description of Dozer Use (origin.83::.-. Caterpillar Performance Handbook..500 LCY. Characterization of Dozer Used (type.:on.T.6::.:..90* weight correction factor x 1.:0::. destination.5::...Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by:-.0___ x • operator factor material factor efficiency factor grade factor 0.:.-__ hr volume to be moved net hourly production * Weight Factor =2.:...:.56 Net Hourly Production = 750 normal hourly production LCY/hr x ..-_ _ x __1:.x _ _.00 visibility factor x 1.550Ib/CY ** Normal dozing with SU-blade use 1...90 2....:.550 Ib/CY.0=:'0'____ x _--.00** production method/blade factor x 1...=.:.:...::::B.00 elevation factor = .00 Data Source(s): Permit Application..): D7R with SU-blade and 3-shank ripper.1.5_~.:0'--_:___ LCY + _ _4. material.. etc. Volume of material is 6. BS-9 .

280 ftlmi X 1 ac/43. Productivity Calculations: Operating Adjustment Factor = ...00 elevation factor = ...623 Hourly Production = 3.2. effective blade width...:1c.:.:. Data Source(s): Permit Application.:9...:.): Grading along contour (0% grade) to smooth coal refuse moved by truck and loader team and to eliminate rills and gullies prior to topsoil replacement.:.O=___ ft X 5.0~_ _ _ ac area to be graded + __-=2:. Bond WORKSHEET 6 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR DOZER USE-GRADING Earthmoving Activity: Final grading..00 production method/blade factor 1. etc.0 ft..0 ft. etc.0 average speed mi/hr X _---'1:.6:...0 ft..:3'--_ _ _ _ _ hourly operating adjustment production factor = _... size.83 efficiency factor X 1... Characterization of Dozer Used (type...00 weight correction factor X 1.:..00 grade factor X 1.T..... -1...-_ _ acJhr X _ _ _.r-------------~'~'~--~------------------~ Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 12J2J99 Prepared by: P.:2:.:. B5 ..10 .9~___ acJhr net hourly production = _ _...00 visibility factor 1.--_ac/hr Hours Required = _ _ _--=1-=2:.): D6R with ii-foot wide S-blade Description of Dozer Use (% grade..::8!.. (blade overlap) =10. operating speed..:..00 material factor X X .75 operator factor X X 1.4.4:.-__ hr * Effective blade width =11.560 ftZ effective blade width = 4 ac/hr Net Hourly Production = _~4!.

** Calculate separate dozer hauling of ripped material in each lift on Worksheet 5...-___ ...:..!::B~on~d~_ _ __ .5 hourly production BCY/hr =__--'8::. Data Source(s): Permit Application.:.7:.-__ BCY/hr Hours Required = + 2.75 feet.3~~~_ min = __-=2::..587 bank volume to be to be ripped** BCY 19... Use swell factor to convert from bank to loose cubic yards.83 cycle time efficiency factor = ___1.4.:..) = = Productivity Calculation: Cycle time = ( 200 cut length ft + 88 ftlmin) + -=----:-~.-.11 .--_. The average cut length is 200 feet..920 square feet.0_ _ _ hr * Fixed turn time depends on dozer..passeslhr Passes/hour = 60 min/hr + Volume cut per pass = _---=2:. 0.4.4!.. (3 ripper shanks with a 39" spacing and 39" gap between passes.--.L!..:7-=2::.min/pass (speed) fixed turn time* 2..1. Pass width 3 x 39" /12"/1 ft. B5 .6 min/pass x .-P-. cut spacing.5:...=2.....T!.:.25 minlturn is used..7.. parallelogram ripper Description of Ripping (ripping depth.772.75 feet.-_ BCY/pass X 22.O=---_ft x_---::c9...:.=5_ _ft tool penetration cut spacing X 200 cut length ft) 144.:.:.. and ripping width is 9.:...9::.2 passes/hr =_-=2:.:...Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared bY:. ripping depth is 2 feet..6:::.. cut length. 9. and material to be ripped): Dozer will rip surface area of 304.:.::. WORKSHEET 7 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR RIPPER-EQUIPPED DOZER USE Ripping Activity: Characterization of Dozer and Ripper Use: D7R with SU-blade and 3-shank.4 BCY/pass Hourly Production =_---=......

8=---__ LCY Hourly Production = 6...=..6.3_ _ hrs • See loader section of eqUipment manual.0::..T.300 cubic yards...:.0::.L..85 bucket fill factor· = __-=6.. grade.5"'--__ min Net Bucket Capacity =__.75 efficiency factor X 60 min/hr = 470... _4.:. Productivity Calculations: Cycle time = haul time (loaded) ° + return time (empty) ° + ..3::.:1:.. Characterization of Loader Use (type..:.8_ LCY/hr • hourly production =_---.): Loader will load material for haul. haul distance.8 LCY/hr Hours Required = _. etc.... etc..7:...12 ..:.Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by: P.:0=---_ LCY volume to be moved . Bond WORKSHEET 8 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR LOADER USE Earthmoving Activity: Load excavated waste coal and contaminated soil for haul to refuse area.): 988F loader with an 8 CY rock bucket Description of Loader Use (origin......:.-=0. BS .. Data Source(s): Permit Application.:.--_ LCY x heaped bucket capacity ..::.65 cycle time min x . destination. Volume of material is 1.65 basic cycle time =_----=-. size..8:.8 net bucket capacity LCY + .

:.13 .:.:.:1""'0.4.:. Description of Truck Use (origin..:....:0'---_ _.. a haul distance of 1.:. grade. the effective grade for the return is 4%.:6:. =8____ LCY X 4 no.=.-_ _ _ min loader cycle time (from Worksheet 8 ) = _ _-=2:.300 cubic yards.:0:.6=--_ _ LCYlhr Hours Required = _ _-"1"".L...:. etc.:.:...::.3:.36 min + __--=2:....: . Loader Passes/Truck = _--:-=2..3=--__ hr volume to be moved hourly production • Normally the average of the struck and heaped capacities..:8'-:----:-_ LCY = _---=:.::4~_ + _ _-=2:.2=--___LCY X _--=4::-...) 769D truck with a 21.T.:e::......4_ _---:-----....-_ min = _..): Trucks will haul material from processing/loading site to disposal site.:5:.:.-__ min no.::.~ = _-=2:..)__ passes loader bucket net capacity _ _6.::.4 minutes Data Source(s): Permit Application. Productivity Calculations: No.. haul distance.:.-_ + _.:...6_:--:_ LCY truck capacity· Net Truck Capacity = -:--6=:.LCY + -:-----:-4:.:1....6:.::.:.2~.6=:..7.:...3:..:s::.. loader passesltruck Truck Cycle Time = _ _..5:.3:.:....:0.4 miles (7.6___ +_~2.6'--:-:--_ LCY/hr =_.Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by: P.. capacity.. B5 .-____ min = total loading time truck cycle time 4 10. Haul Time: 7400 ftI (25 MPH x 88 fpm/MPH) = 3..7-=2=.::.. Volume of material is 1....=...3:.:. etc.2=--_ _ LCY Loading Time/Truck = _~_---=..:... of trucks _.5:-_.::..._ _ net truck capacity no..2 CY struck and 30.:2::..:.. loader passesltruck loader bucket net capacity X _~_.::... destination.5_ __ production rate efficiency factor = _---=-47:..7. Bond WORKSHEET 9 PRODUCTIVITY AND HOURS REQUIRED FOR TRUCK USE Earthmoving Activity: Haul waste coal and contaminated soil to refuse disposal site.3....LCY/min truck cycle time Hourly Production =_ _--=-1.36 minutes Return Time: 7400 ftI (35 MPH x 88 fpm /MPH) = 2.7 CY heaped capacity = 26 CY average capacity.6:.:6:..:.::..8~(u::.36 min trucks Production Rate = _ _--=2:..-_ _ LCY/min X 60 min/hr x _----!.. size...:.0.:....::. The effective grade for the haul is 4%.. Characterization of Truck Use (type..400 ft).:.7...::0~_ _ = • haul time return time total loading dump and time maneuver time Number of Trucks Required = 10...

794 I Include all necessary attachments and accessories for each item of equipment. Account for multiple units in truck and/or scraper teams.90 12.56 14. Bond WORKSHEET 13 SUMMARY CALCULATION OF EARTHMOVING COSTS Equipment * Ownership & Operation Cost ($/hr) 76.09 Labor Cost ($/hr) 14. Data Source(s): PRIMEDIA Information.90 86.56 12. Inc.14 .79 100.56 15..09 86.09 86.T. To compute Total Cost: Add Ownership & Operation Cost and Labor Cost columns then multiply by Total Hours Required column.90 12.90 12. Also.811 349 297 297 297 297 07R-SU with ripper 06R-S 988F 7690 7690 7690 7690 I * ** *** Grand Total I $47.90 Total Hours Required ** 29 30 3 3 3 3 3 Total Cost *** ($) 44. add support equipment such as water wagons and graders to match total project time as appropriate. 1999.Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by: P.62 45. B5 .09 86. Cost Reference Guide.446 1.

Data Source(s): AML Contract Data..Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared bY:--.0"--_ _ __ herbicide treatment Reseeding 12 area to be seeded & unreleased disturbed areas ac X . Based on AML contract data.=6.:::0-:-:-__o/aC) = $__3.7..:.. Use additional worksheets if necessary..0_ _o/ac + $__1:.20 failure rate* x ($_-=2:.=..-P..400 seedbed preparation seeding.::0c. fertilizing & mulching Replanting Trees and Shrubs ___1.oT.15 ..:.. 50% reseeding failure rate assumed and 20% plant failure assumed..7:.1_~--:-_ ac x ($ area to be planted 270 planting lac + $-:-=1:. and rill and gully repair.:. fertilizing & mulching lac) = $10.--_ _ __ WORKSHEET 14 REVEGETATION COSTS Name and Description of Area To Be Revegetated: Seven acres of processinglloading site and 5 acres of refuse site. Cost Calculation for Individual Revegetation Activities: Initial Seeding _----=1~2'--_ _ ac x ($ 180 seedbed preparation lac + $ 720 seeding..:0:.:......) Other Costs: $_ _ _ __ TOTAL REVEGETATION COST = $-"1-=-6.... seeding and mulching.4_ __ planting herbicide treatment Other Necessary Revegetation Activities (Examples of other activities that may be necessary include soil sampling...800 area to be seeded Planting Trees and Shrubs _ _.:.44-=----_ __ * See description of revegetation above..50 failure rate* x ($ 180 lac + $ 720 lac) =$ 5.. Description of Revegetation Activities: Seedbed preparation... Describe each activity and provide a cost estimate with documentation...7.------"ac) = $--:.:::0. B5 . shrub-planting pattern will cover total area at one acre.._ _ ac X area to be planted & unreleased disturbed areas .. irrigation.-o-"B~onC!::d...:.-. liming.

20 per LF $16. B5 . etc.20/LF x 300 LF $4. as necessary to document estimate. 002 and construction of rock-lined drainage channel.. water supply replacement costs.T. maps. calculations. Cost Estimate Calculations: Dozer cost $16.) Data Source(s): Permit Application. funds required to support long-term treatment of unanticipated acid or ferruginous mine drainage. Bond WORKSHEET 15A OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS (Subsidence damage repair costs. Channel will be 300 feet long.. etc.) Description of Reclamation.. AML Data..860 = = TOTAL COSTS = $. Assumptions: Unit cost includes elimination of embankment.:::!4:c. Repair or Pollution Abatement Activity: Grade to eliminate embankment of sediment pond No.8~6~0_ _ _ __ Other Documentation or Notes: (Include additional sheets.16 .r Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by: P.

=o"""nd=--_ _ __ WORKSHEET 15B OTHER RECLAMATION ACTIVITY COSTS (Subsidence damage repair costs.440 TOTAL COSTS = $. 696.. etc.1=0.000 cubic feet. Cost Estimate Calculations: Combined treatment and de-watering cost is $0..:..--.:.. maps.) Data Source(s): Permit Application.B=.P. AML Data... calculations. etc..-_ __ Other Documentation or Notes: (Include additional sheets.!.=44=0:. $0..) Description of Reclamation.. as necessary to document estimate.:.000 cu ftl10 cu ft = 10. Repair or Pollution Abatement Activity: Basins and sedimentation ponds are acidic and require treatment.:.r ---------------- ---- ------------------------------ Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by:-.T. Assumptions: Water volume is total of structures normal capacity.17 . B5 .15/cu ft x 696.15 per 10 cubic feet....:... water supply replacement costs.. Treat basins and ponds prior to de-watering. funds required to support long-term treatment of unanticipated acid or ferruginous mine drainage..

Adjust timeframe as necessary.J.300 2.4~9~4:. Total Facility and Structure Removal Costs Total Earthmoving Costs Total Revegetation Costs Total Other Reclamation Activities Costs Total Direct Costs (sum of Lines 1 through 4) $ $ $ $ 55. 8. $ 138.enr.Project: Processing Plant Example Date: 1212199 Prepared by: P. New York. Formula assumes permit term or time until next bond adequacy evaluation is 5 years.494 10. http://www..lQ.835 Inflated Total Direct Costs (Line 5 x inflation factor *) Mobilization/Demobilization ( L % of Line 6)$_---.% of Line 6) $ (see Graph 1) Project Management Fee (5.18 .. B5 .873 (round to $226. NY. % of Line 6) $_--=8~..097 47.!7.T.4~9~4_ _ $149.5~4~3~__ 12. $ 225.1116 ENR CCI for mo/yr 5 years prior to current mo/yr*** 5405 4/99 4/94 Identify current month/year used in formula above: Identify prior month/year used in formula above: ENR = Engineering News Record. 6..7 (see Graph 2) 7..1. 4.990 13. Total Indirect Costs (sum of Lines 7 through 11) GRAND TOTAL BOND AMOUNT (sum of Lines 6 and 12) $ 75...-__ (1% to 10% of Line 6) Contingencies (_5_% of Line 6) (3% to 5% of Line 6) $_ _7!.794 16.. Engineering Redesign Fee (_5_% of Line 6) $ (2.com. 44.965 11.000) Inflation factor = ENR Construction Cost Index (CCI) for current mo/yr** = ~60~O~8_ _ = 1.883 7. Bond WORKSHEET 16 RECLAMATION BOND SUMMARY SHEET 1.644 15. 9.:. 3. 5...5% to 6% of Line 6) Contractor Profit! Overhead (. McGraw-HiII Construction Information Group.

0 0 Q 4J OM + + If) 0 0 '" N 0 + 0 .:? C.:'-CMP --= / STRu CTURE. "" II I C. .I'2... I I-jA ~ _ _ _-:-... _ _ '\.L CO~i=" I GURATI ON REF'"U5E. 0 0 2. "'1 I Fi g ur e 3.:. .....: : : : . ..-.l0 I . . OLJN r y R OAD 24 " CMP - - -- PLAN V IEW ~INA.../ "- ~ '---i'---">-----::./ ~j .~ i= 0 IJJ If) u ~ I) !Y \.-.. Q w ".. AREA.IO ""-." • CO en 0 0 C() r-- + • '" 0 0 I"] 0 ~ '" • N 0 M 0 0 tJ) ~ • '" + M 0 • cD I U) fT) I "I + J C... . .~ Ii) - 0 :§! • ~I (\J ---. 1'2.-_ ___ --. + . ~.. - ~ ~ ~~" ~ ( / ..

CR o ~ :.ON ~I GUR.T I ON ELEV. A. P L A S T IC. 5EC. I=" US E STRUCrU RA.F.RE. -1600 155 ISOO . F I N A. 1"""0 ----PH REAT I c. ::'EC TIO N A. 5 E C TION B-B 0 100 I 100 PROF IL E." S PR.ct'.O F I LE.N T "' S ROCK U N DERDR AIN W / 2 4 " PER.E XISTING S PO IL EMBA N K M E NT ~ .I SOO -1450 Roc t'< PROPOSED S POIL. sca l e.'::>.P .R""". r-- ~ 0 0 '" '" • 0 cfl 0 + '<I cfl 0 If' + rl) 0 III III ~ . '" r~ + '" r- III <fl + dJ ELEV.. f e et AR EA IIo'1 Fi g ur e 13.9 • . 01 0 0 <0 .. L C. T UNDE R DR A H-J EM B A "' K ME.11 .TION~ R EFU S E..SE C TI ON Q ~ ~ 0 o 0 ro ~ o '" - • ". COA. A. PLI'-STIC. P' P E. AN D BLANKE.L ~ I LL IWO ISSO I SSO IS SU "R I'" AC. P.E NATL ~A'­ GROUND PRO F I L E.PO r - ROCK DRA I N W/2 -1 5 00 -1 4-5 0 4 "P ER F ...

COHT\fOOUSl o $1'OIEA".12 1 .( ..II'ft..' .. WAll" OOSC:IOARIGE WONITOAIIfOI'O!JiT --~ QRC)I..:::CLolSS' - ~ "~T ... ill "...- a==. --..1 ~ .oc.. ~ . _ _ r ..\ \ .ueTUllI COl.DSIVE STOf'I.OCATDN '7 • 11·" ~• •..... $U "'..Henoo< .. DIST1fOG III I'VSl STOIlACI .-= IlEVf:GfTAllOfIIllUV'II:<oeC Io/ICA I'ftOP£ATY U Hf DOO lOOT WARRANT TrTU: AV[Ro\OI! LAND SU)P£ IH Ot:Glll:fl ~ "'''I.I Figure 8. ~-.-= >= '------ ~.lfle£O oUIIfAS ~~ =... _'I....u: P'OINT .h'~fl) ~['U$£ ~" . ~..uw.. 00(0 " 01[5 I '\ II 400 ~ .."U "" ".l£S$l>IAH.. Pl'RIoI'TIIOOf.IIU... DlSf\. e ...toGE....o.EWAT~A 1IoIOHITO AIHG"'OIHT AOUATIC IIIOLOQV ...~~ ~~'$ ". r~ ( f7e) / () C ~ -g 6. llCPI..JNOWAT£A IoO()HJTOAIHG I'OWT .OotoIff' f~ST~a.._Ml.'~ O'CM'EJII LINE • ~~­ . . . 0 400 I SCALE (FEET) 800 ! 1200 I .llJRAlOUTCAIO"IIA_.AST~I.&..

'~:.. ?. . . ~ .~ . "./'\. .. -" 1 Fi gur e a-131 51 T E PLAN • ORAINAGE SCHE ME o ~~ . . •r:/ t . I.·<>.0 0 .' . ARE TAKEN ~R O " NT THI S POIN T 'va' ... '... . . t_ G ~...EVS . ~: ~ ~. / -...I ~ C " ~ ..~-.. \ \ " GAP RO O T ---.u . ..... . .. / / / / ASS UMEO R[IoIA1N I NC [ L EY IS 1000' AT GIVE N POI t :.I c... . .

APPENDIX C GUIDANCE FOR EQUIPMENT SELECTION 04/05/00 .

Symbol

When You Know Multi I B Number of py y

To Find Number of

Symbol

VOLUME
tsp Tbsp in3 fl oz c pt qt gal
ft3

teaspoon tablespoons cubic inches fluid ounces cups pint quarts gallons cubic feet cubic yards

5 15 16 30 0.24 0.47 0.95 3.8 0.03 0.76 PRESSURE

milliliters milliliters milliliters milliliters liters liters liters liters cubic meters cubic meters

mL mL mL mL
L L L L
m3 m3

yd 3

inHg pSI

inches of mercury pounds per square inch

3.4 6.9

kilopasca1s kilopascals

kPa
,. ~..;.:<

kPa

TEMPERA TURE (exact)

OF

degrees Fahrenheit

5/9 (after subtracting 32)

degrees Celsius

°C

Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology.

E-2

- ----------- -

-------------------------------------

APPENDIXC GUIDANCE FOR EQUIPMENT SELECTION
INTRODUCTION The selection and matching of equipment for a surface mining operation is a complex task requiring a knowledge of equipment productivity for the reclamation tasks that are typically encountered. Proper selection of equipment allows completion of reclamation tasks in an efficient manner and results in the lowest possible performance bond. Factors governing equipment productivity are capacity; cycle time (the time required to complete the operation); and site conditions such as space limitations, grades, and material characteristics that affect the performance of the machinery. Equipment selection involves evaluating the advantages and disadvantages in using different types of equipment to perform reclamation tasks. Familiarity with earthmoving equipment suitable for surface mining reclamation can be gained through review of equipment production and cost-estimating guides available from firms such as Terex, Caterpillar, Komatsu, and others. The estimator, once familiar with the uses and capabilities of various pieces of earthmoving equipment, will be faced with the task of comparing two or more combinations of equipment to determine which is the most efficient for the reclamation task at hand. EARTHMOVING EQUIPMENT
I.

Track-type Tractors

Bulldozers outfitted with either semi-universal or universal (reclamation) blades for backfilling and rough grading and straight blades for final or contour grading, are normally appropriate for reclamation activities requiring dozers. In choosing a particular dozer, the estimator must consider the volume of material to be handled, the space available to maneuver the machine and any size restrictions needed because of the quality of the access roads to the site. Additionally, dozers can be equipped with a ripper for breakage of consolidated material prior to dozing. The seismic velocity of material may be used to determine whether the material can be ripped. However, because this information is rarely available in permit applications, stratigraphic information from borehole logs and crosssections must be used. Most shales, siltstones, interbedded shale and sandstone, and thin-bedded limestone can be ripper with the larger ripper-equipped dozers. However, thick-bedded sandstone, limestone, or conglomerate formations would probably require blasting.

C-I

04/05/00

Other reclamation tasks in which rippers are often employed include ripping of the subbase of road and facility areas to eliminate vehicle compaction prior to topsoil replacement. Reclamation plans also require contour ripping of backfill areas prior to topsoil replacement to improve soil cohesion on slopes and/or reduce compaction. In order to achieve the necessary post-mine land use deep (3 to 4 feet) ripping may be required in areas where prime farmland soils are replaced. This compaction elimination allows the necessary root penetration for agricultural crops such as corn and is especially if scrapers are used in replacement of the rooting medium. This ripping activity is conducted with large bulldozers pulling specialty rippers and the reclamation is often estimated on a per-acre basis.

II.

Trucks

Most reclamation tasks requiring off-highway trucks can be accomplished with trucks having capacities of 35 tons (26 cubic yards) to 150 tons (100 cubic yards). Larger offroad trucks are available with greater capacities. However, these larger trucks are not commonly used in bond forfeiture site reclamation. As with dozers and loaders, selection of trucks is based on the amount of material to be handled and the space available to maneuver the truck. Generally, trucks similar to these used by the operator are the largest that can be selected because of limitations of haul road capabilities. Bottom dump haul trucks should be considered for spreading large volumes of subsoil material needed to reclaim surface mines especially in prime farmland areas where the hauls are of 10,000 feet or more and prevention of soil compaction is critical (see Figure C-1 ). The graph shown in Figure C-2 can be used to estimate speed limits for off-highway trucks with favorable grades and good conditions (firm, smooth roadways with low rolling resistance). When the grade is not favorable (total resistance is a positive number) speed limits are not imposed. For example, for a loaded truck with a (-) 4% total resistance (grade plus rolling resistance), the maximum safe speed would be 35 mph. In comparison, for an empty vehicle with the same favorable grade, the maximum safe speed would be 40 mph. Figure C-3 can be used to estimate speed limits for off-highway trucks required for safe operation on curves. Based on the road design and the curvature of the turn, the limiting speed can be applied to the curve segment of the haul. If the coefficient of friction and super-elevation are not known, the most conservative curve should be used (coefficient of friction = 0.1 and super-elevation = 0).

C-2

04/05/00

Figure C-1 - Application Zones for Representative Reclamation Equipment

10

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(l)Q) g,Q)

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4
2
Elevating Scrapers

End Dump

Trucks

._"
'0

c:Q.

'-'

Bottom Dump

a:

Trucks

0
Haul Distance - One Way (Feet)
Adapted From International Harvester, 1975

10
9

8
7 6

5
4
Conditions: 4% Rolling ReSistance 0% Grade Resistance Haul - 12 M.P.H. Max. Return - 15 M.P.H. Max.

3
2
Note:

1

Total Resistance Less
Than 10% Will Have Litlle Effect on Economic Point

OL---L---~--~===C===c~~==~~~~ 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600
Haul Distance - One Way (Feet)
Caterpillar Tractor Co., used to illustrate equipment class and does nol imply endorsement by the Office 01 Surface Mining Reclamation and En10rcement Adapted From Haley. 1974

C-3

04/05/00

Caterpillar. • ..-----~-------------------------------- Figure C-2 .de for Off-Hlghwa.f. ~ • .. S. page E-1. C-4 04/05/00 .Safe Downhill Speeds for Off-Highway Equipment. Inc. 1993.I U 0 40 30 • » LOADED VEHICLE 20 I I I 10 o 2 .. • 10 12 11 Source: Vehicle Simulation (VEHSIM) Program User Manual.. Speed vs Favorable Gr. Trucks so . .

Inc.. Ii.... Source: Vehicle Simulation (VEHSIM) User Program Manual.. 1----------4----------+~------~~----~--~ I • :.. ----------~~~--~~~'-------_+----------~ o 10 20 vaoclTY. II l- Q · • tIC ~ - I ~ ----------~----~~~--~~--~----------~ • 1..Figure C-3 .Safe Speeds for Off-Highway Equipment on Curved Road Segments Required Haul Road Radius vs Vehicle Velocity • . 1993 • C-5 04/05/00 . page F-2. Caterpillar.

The front shovel is used to excavate above-grade material while the hydraulic backhoe will excavate below grade.III. They have traditionally been used for fine or finish grading. capacity should be reduced by one-third. are available to fill wait times. Safety speed limitations presented in Figures C-2 and C-3 should also be applied to the downhill and road curve haulage segments. Conventional (single-engine) scrapers may be economically substituted for tandempowered units where grades and rolling resistance are low. However. there are certain applications where hydraulic excavators may substitute for wheel loaders. such as site cleanup. where large scraper fleets are employed or pusher dozer tasks. the estimator must determine the requirements for dozer pushers. the non-push-pull scrapers/push dozers combination may be more productive. the front excavator shovel and the backhoe. Two types of excavators are used. Backhoes also are useful in cleaning sediment from diversion ditches and siltation structures. and the style of pushloading. due to the earthmover's inability to completely fill the bowl in this mode of operation. There must be a match between the scraper selected. If push-pull scrapers are used in pairs. C-6 04/05/00 . or unconsolidated materials free of hard rock are encountered. Generally. Elevating or self-loading scrapers may be used where soft. track dozers are used as pushers. Scrapers Scrapers are used for some reclamation activities. Elevating scrapers have an advantage of working alone without support equipment (other than haul road maintenance) and are well suited for work requiring the flexibility to adjust to small variations in the cut and fill. The estimator must be careful to ensure that the excavator matches the haul trucks to be used so that excavator loading cycles are minimized. Excavators Because of their ability to excavate solid bank material--such as shaley bedrock and compacted fill material--and to work in confined areas. Maneuvering space and the volume of material to be moved will dictate the size of the scraper to be selected. fine-grained. However. the dozer used. Both machines are useful in reclamation where backfill material must be obtained from the solid bank state or a compacted fill. Tandem-powered scrapers can be operated independently if the materials loaded are soft and loading is downhill. IV. When selecting auxiliary equipment. no pushers will be required.

Table C-1 lists advantages and disadvantages of earthmoving equipment typically employed in reclamation of mine sites. For distances over 1.000 feet. then scrapers will probably be optimal. If the distance is between 500 and 1. but they are used primarily for haul road maintenance.for example. The influence of haul distance and rolling resistance on the proper selection of reclamation equipment is illustrated in-Figure C-1. truck-loader combinations are usually optimal. Reclamation equipment can also be rated by the suitability to perform backfilling and grading tasks and topsoil removal and replacement (see Tables C-2 and C-3). Most equipment manufacturers can provide performance books that contain information to guide model selection. In some instances. off-road trucks with compatible wheel loaders or hydraulic shovels become more efficient. To do th'is. If the one-way haul distance is less than 500 feet. After the type of equipment is initially selected. EQUIPMENT SELECTION OVERVIEW When making the initial decision about what types of equipment -. select a model and calculate the cost of the job. Motor Graders Motor graders (motor patrols) can be used in a wide variety of reclamation tasks. it is generally good practice to try another iteration with different-sized equipment to make certain that optimal equipment has been selected. Generally. the estimator should refer to Worksheet 3. C-7 04/05/00 .000 feet. With a little experience. bulldozers of appropriate size will be the optimum equipment for the job in most cases. light leveling work. as rolling resistance increases scrapers tend to be less efficient and trucks should be used. The larger pieces of equipment are more appropriate for moving large amounts of materials. Next. assuming underfoot conditions and operating room allow their use and the material does not contain large boulder-size rocks. the equipment size must be determined. As the distance increases to a mile. the Material Handling Plan Summary Sheet. and diversion ditch construction. it may be costeffective to use a grader as a substitute for a track dozer for final grading. When in doubt. make the same calculation using a smaller model and again using a larger model. dozers versus scrapers--are needed for each earthmoving activity. Graders used for surface mining can be equipped with a rear-mounted ripper or scarifier. However. the estimator should note the volume and characteristics of material to be moved and the underfoot conditions. the proper type and size of equipment can usually be determined in the first iteration.V.

Usually operated without supporting disposal equipment where the distance to the dump area Is less than 1 mile. Larger sizes can handle all types of material. 3. Are very flexible. Are economically limited to a push distance of 500 feet. 3. Can give high production. Including large blocky material.--~--------------~~~----~~---- Table C-1. Have high mobility. 4. Are limited to fairly soft and easily broken material for good production. to trim an unstable hlghwall). 5. Where haul distance Is less than aoo feet. 3. Do not require roads. Production decreases In poor conditions. Have a limited mobility. Including large blocky material. 2. but larger units can perform mass excavation of rock. 4.-Advantages and Disadvantages of Reclamation Equipment Excavators Wheel Loaders: 1. Have the ability to dig well below and above grade (I. 2. 3. 5. Can operate In poor underfoot conditions. 2. can operate Independently. blocky material. Production decreases rapidly as grade Increases. Can give high production. Haulers Rear Dump Trucks: 1. Mayor may not require supporting equipment.. 2. Hydraulic Front Shovels: 1. Can negotiate steep ramps. 4. although material up to a 2·foot diameter can be handled. Are normally used for handling softer material. Can function In less rigid operating conditions than shovels. 4. Can handle all types of material. C-8 04/05/00 . Bulldozers: 1. 4. Hydraulic Backhoes: 1. Require good roads to minimize tire costs. Have a limited mobility. Can handle coarse. Have excellent mobility.e. Usually require supporting equipment. 5. Scrapers: 1. Usually require either pusher tractors or a push·pull team mate for loading assistance. 3. 2. 4. Usually economically limited to a haul distance of 3 miles. 3. 2.

Require good roads to minimize tire costs. C-9 04/05/00 . Are better suited for long. 2. Are fast and have a greater economic haul distance than rear dump trucks. 5. 4. Can spread dumped material Into furrows.Bottom Dump Trucks: 1. 3. reducing disposal grading requirements. level hauls. Requires free-flowing materials.

+c u.... 2 3 2 3 2 C-lO 04/05/00 . "0 «I 0 . 0 High Peaks Spoil Configuration t-bderllte Peaks Low Peaks 50'-150' 150'-300' Transport Distance 300'-500' 500'-1000· 1000' 2 2 3 2 3 :5 2 2 4 3 F Iat & Smooth Flat & Rough Final Surface Contour steep to Smooth Steep & Rough Source: I-bdlfled from Skelly and loy.. 1975.Table C-2. 0 0 ..-Reclamation Equipment Rating-Regrading and Backfilling LEGEND EQUIP~NT Should be considered 2 3 May be considered May be considered under certain conditions May be consldered-~speclal situations Should not be considered k. ~ -l "0 N CD "0 OJ ~ Gl Do II) cS ~ L. "0 III ~ 4 1/1 -'" 0 ~ ::I L.. 1/1 ~ 11\ L.J 0 C -0 C L&J u.. L ..LJ c:: '" 0 +L . 0 I.

.) .c "0 (/) ILl c: 0 + c: L 1 1L.c 1L." C c + III 2 ILl + c::: L I W > I\) a. "Economic Engineering Analysis of U." U.J . 1975. S0241 049. C-ll 04/05/00 ...~~ -..." 11\ L N Should not be considered 4> ~ en L U L .) - b. . . II) 0 Q .J 0 . Q1 . 1 . ::s > 0 .S.::L 0 situations :.. 1975.c 111 :J a. Surface Coal Mines and Effective Land Reclamation... 0 ~ 4> III ~ L \.. Bureau of Mines Contract Report No.. 0 ' -21 Topsoil Thickness (Removal) 2'-5' I I I / I I I I I I 4 I I 0-300' 300'-500' Hau/ Distance 500'-1000' 1000'-1500' /500'-5000' Source: Modified from Skel Iy ~nd I 2 I 2 2 / I 2 I I / - - I I - 4 :3 2 - - - I I I 4 4 2 2 2 I Loy. a.. Skelly and Loy.. fJ be considered under certain conditions I/) L (/) v f4ay be cons Idered--spec I ~ I .... + :.--Reclamation Equipment Rating-Topsoil Removal and Replacement LEGEND I Should be considered 111 2 3 4 May be considered M~y L Q1 c." L L 0 10 . U :..- ~~-~~~~.....-----~ --~ --~- ------------- Table C-3.>l.) ~ ~ .S.

Source: Caterpillar Inc. Figure C-2 Safe Downhill Speed for Off-Highway Equipment. Page 104. Figure C-3 Safe Speeds for Off-Highway Equipment on Curved Road Segments. The figures have not changed. Illustration 1.Appendix C The sources listed in Appendix C for Figures C-2 and C-3 are no longer available.Handbook for the Calculation of Reclamation Bond Amounts Insert Page . Current source information is listed below. Fleet Production and Cost Analysis (FPC) users manual. Source: Caterpillar Inc. Appendix E. C-12 . Appendix D. Page 106. Illustration 1. Fleet Production and Cost AnalysiS (FPC) users manual.

APPENDIX D CALCULATION OF BOND AMOUNTS FOR LONG-TERM TREATMENT OF POLLUTIONAL DISCHARGES 04/05/00 .

For passive systems. D-1 04/05/00 . 1.---------- ~- ~---~~--~~~~~- APPENDIX D CALCULATION OF BOND AMOUNTS FOR LONG-TERM TREATMENT OF POLLUTIONAL DISCHARGES The March 31. 4. Determine the annual operating and maintenance costs of the treatment system. Determine annual monitoring costs (periodic inspection of treatment systems and analysis of effluent samples). Collect additional data if necessary. the policy requires that the permittee post sufficient financial assurance to cover all foreseeable long-term treatment costs. However. The policy emphasizes that in no case should a permit be approved if the determination of probable hydrologic consequences or other reliable hydrologic analysis predicts the formation of a postmining pollutional discharge that would require continuing long-term treatment without a defined endpoint. and an allowance for contingencies. 1997. sampling and analysis costs. a trust fund. In these situations. This assurance may take the form of a conventional bond. Determine the average operating life of the treatment facility (conventional or passive) and the capital costs of replacing that facility (a chemical treatment plant or wetland. labor costs. 3. acid mine drainage statement calls for the approval of only those permit applications where the operation is designed to prevent off-site material damage to the hydrologic balance and minimize both on. or other appropriate instrument that meets the requirements of 30 CFR Part 800.and off-site disturbances to the hydrologic balance. Inspection and sampling 2. Costs associated with long-term treatment of pollutional discharges include the capital costs to replace the treatment system. The following items are an example of what may be included in a procedure to calculate the amount of bond required to cover these costs. for example). these costs would include berm and channel repair expenses. Evaluate all available hydrologic and geologic data to estimate treatment needs and horizons. the policy also recognizes that unanticipated discharges will develop on occasion despite the use of the best science available. operation and maintenance costs.

the Federal Energy Technology Center. INFORMATION SOURCES Research publications from universities (such as West Virginia University and Pennsylvania State University). 5. Calculate the present value of annual operation and maintenance costs for the entire period during which treatment will likely be necessary.r ------ -------- ---------. the former U. 6. and the Tennessee Valley Authority may prove helpful in determining treatment system capital and operation and maintenance costs. Calculate the present value of annual monitoring costs (sample collection and analysis) for the entire period during which treatment will likely be necessary. as will the parameters monitored. 9. 0-2 04/05/00 . More than one replacement may be necessary. Calculate the present value of the capital costs of replacing the treatment facility at the end of its useful life. the permittee may be willing to provide historical treatment cost data for the site in question or other mines. Bureau of Mines and its successor. 7.S. Identify the actuarial equations used in Steps 5 through 7 and the basis for the interest and inflation rates selected. In addition. the National Mine Land Reclamation Center.~--~---~----------------------- frequencies will vary with the type of system and quality of influent. Establish a reasonable contingency factor for unexpected events and cost overruns. 8.

APPENDIX E METRIC CONVERSION TABLE 04/05/00 .

1O~ ~ square inches square feet square yards square miles acres 6.45 0.9 1. 2.5 0..8 .54 (exact) 30 0. ft2 yd 2 m? WEIGHT (mass) oz lb ounces pounds short tons (2000 pounds) E-1 28 0.4 square centimeters square meters square meters square kilometers hectares cm2 m2 m2 km 2 ha .APPENDIXE METRIC CONVERSION TABLE Approximate Conversions to Metric Measures Symbol When You Know Multi I B Number of Py Y LENGTH To Find Number of Symbol 10 ft inches feet yards miles 2..6 0.9 grams kilograms metric tons g kg t .6 centimeters centimeters meters kilometers cm cm m km yd ml AREA ..u.09 0.

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