INDEX

and Essex, 1–2, 51, 67–8, 70, 71, 77–8,
79–84, 86–93, 96–8, 104, 110,
112–13, 121
and the Essexians, 70–7, 93–7, 102,
103–5, 108–9
and the Queen, 26, 27, 34, 37, 89, 90–1,
Bacon, Anthony, 32, 70–3, 91, 96, 101,
92, 121
102–3, 108–9, 111
historical reputation, 79–81
Bacon, Francis, 40, 46, 63, 70–2, 77, 96, 101,
Cecil, Thomas, 2nd Lord Burghley, 44, 73–4
104, 107–10, 111, 121, 124
Cecil, William, 1st Lord Burghley (d. 1598),
Declaration of the Practises and Treasons
1, 11, 21, 67, 71, 75, 72–3, 80–1, 84–6,
Attempted and Committed by Robert,
87, 89, 92, 95, 98, 102, 103–4, 108–9,
Late Earle of Essex, 46, 50, 99
110, 118, 119
Bertie, Peregrine, Lord Willoughby of
Cervantes, Miguel de, Don Quixote, 10,
Eresby, 12, 111
22–3
Blount, Charles, Lord Mountjoy, 11, 97, 99, Chamberlain, John, 20, 22, 60, 112
101, 121
chivalric romances, 10–11, 22–3, 35, 52,
Blount, Sir Christopher, 45, 46, 47, 53–4,
128 n. 6
83, 101, 111, 112
chivalry, 5–6, 8–11, 13–14, 18–23, 26–7,
Brooke, Henry, 11th Lord Cobham, 74–5,
34, 51–5, 123–5, 127 n. 9, 128 nn. 5
and 6
77, 79, 82, 102
courtly love, 25–31, 33–41
Brooke, William, 10th Lord Cobham (d.
Cuffe, Henry, 45, 83, 99–100, 102, 104
1597), 102
‘cult of Elizabeth’, 122–4
Buckhurst, Lord see Sackville, Thomas
Accession Day celebrations see tournaments
Amadis de Gaul, 10, 11, 35, 131 n. 47
Ariosto, Ludovico, Orlando Furioso 10, 52
Ashton, Abdias, 44, 55

Copyright

Camden, William, 47–9, 68–70, 79, 99,
122, 139 n. 54
Carew, Sir George (Lord President of Munster), 38, 42, 45
Carey, Henry, Lord Hunsdon, Lord Chamberlain, 62, 119
Castiglione, Baldesar, The Book of the Courtier, 8–9, 11, 19, 30–1, 131 n. 44
Catholics, 72–3, 83, 156 n. 17
Cecil, Sir Robert, 1–2, 20, 21, 28, 36, 37, 45,
46, 47, 53, 63, 79, 82, 83, 93, 100, 121

Danvers, Sir Charles, 45, 83, 96, 101
Danvers, Sir Henry, 83
Davison, Francis, 76, 77, 103
Davison, William, 75–6, 77
Devereux, Frances (née Walsingham),
Countess of Essex, widow of Sir Philip
Sidney, 12, 14, 93–4, 107
Devereux, Robert, 2nd Earl of Essex
and Sir Robert Cecil 51, 67–8, 71, 77–8,
79–84, 86–93, 96–8, 104, 110,
112–13, 121
and Sir Walter Ralegh 35–6, 56

– 185 –

186

Court Politics and the Earl of Essex, 1589–1601

and the Queen 3–4, 23, 32–42, 55,
56–64, 113, 114–19, 124–5
appointment as Earl Marshal (1597), 16,
57, 91
appointment as Master of the Horse
( June 1587), 2, 15, 56
appointment as Master of the Ordnance
(1597), 16
as military patron, 17–18, 20–3, 79, 101
early career, 14–15
enters the Order of the Garter (1587),
56
historical reputation, 2–3, 33, 79–80
martial identity, 5, 9, 16, 17–20, 23, 35,
54, 55, 79, 92, 109–11
military activities see military expeditions
religion, 83, 134 n. 91
Devereux, Walter, 1st Earl of Essex, 1, 101
Doleman, R., see Persons, Robert
Dudley, Lettice (née Knollys), Countess of
Leicester, widow of Walter, 1st Earl of
Essex, 1, 2, 14, 101
Dudley, Robert, Earl of Leicester, 2, 12, 14,
67, 69, 80, 89, 109, 110, 119

Gorges, Sir Ferdinando, 44, 48, 50, 61
Greville, Sir Fulke, 15, 29, 38 122
Harington, Sir John, 10, 21–2, 100, 119
Hatton, Sir Christopher, 34, 36, 67, 80, 109
Hayward, Sir John, 65, 104
Howard, Charles, 2nd Lord Howard of
Effingham, created Earl of Nottingham
(1597) (Lord Admiral from 1585), 16,
48, 57, 86, 91, 100, 136 n.122
Howard, Lord Henry, 68, 82, 101, 112
Howard, Lord Thomas, created Lord
Howard of Walden (1597) and Earl of
Suffolk (1603), 48, 83
Howard, Thomas, 4th Duke of Norfolk,
63, 101
Hunsdon, Lord Chamberlain, see Carey,
Henry
Hutton, Dr Matthew, Archbishop of York
(1595), 73–4

Copyright
Egerton, Thomas (Lord Keeper from 1596),
39, 43, 57, 71, 91, 100
Elizabeth I, Queen of England
ageing appearance, 25, 30–2, 33, 120, 123
and her court, 25–9, 30–2, 92, 118–25
and Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex,
32–42, 56–64, 87, 97, 114–19,
124–5
and Sir Christopher Hatton (Lord
Chancellor from 1587), 18, 28–9, 36
and Sir Robert Cecil, 26, 27, 31
and Sir Walter Ralegh, 28, 35–6
Anjou courtship, 29–30
attitude towards military matters, 84,
86, 120
Rainbow Portrait, 31
Essex rebellion, 42, 43–5, 49–51, 54, 120,
122, 125
faction, 66–70, 77–8, 89, 101, 104
Fletcher, Sir Giles, 50, 53
foreign policy, 83–84

Ireland, 1, 2, 16, 47, 83, 84, 93, 95, 97

James VI of Scotland (later James I of England), 12, 21, 44, 82–3, 92, 98, 99
knighthoods, 20–3, 51–3, 87, 113, 135 n.
109
Knollys, Sir William ,39, 43, 53, 79, 101,
112
Lambarde, William, 65
Leveson, Sir John, 44
Lopez, Dr Roderigo, 118
Lull, Ramon, Libre del ordre de cavalayria, 8
Maisse, André Hurault de, 25, 31–2, 33, 40
Manners, John (of Haddon Hall), 96
Manners, Roger, 5th Earl of Rutland, 95,
120, 122, 145 n. 72
Manners, Roger (of Uffington), 122
Meyrick, Sir Gelly, 45, 49, 94, 99, 101–2
military expeditions
Azores (1597), 16, 17, 23, 85–7, 88–9,
90, 111, 116–17
Cadiz (1596) ,16, 17, 21, 22–3, 37, 86,
88, 89, 97, 102, 116
France, Rouen expedition (1591), 16,
19, 20–1, 22, 34–5, 38, 39, 115–16

Index
Ireland (1599), 16, 20, 21, 22–3, 38, 39,
47, 57, 93, 111–13, 118–19
Netherlands (1586), 12, 14–15, 16, 19,
56
Portugal (1589), 16, 35, 56
Mountjoy, Lord, see Blount, Charles
Naunton, Sir Robert, 68–70, 100, 119, 122,
148 n. 31
Neoplatonism, 30–1
Norden, John, 18, 54
Northern Rising, 121–122
Peele, George, 124
Pérez, Antonio, 69, 83, 102–4
Persons, Robert (aka R. Doleman), 79, 81–2
Ralegh, Sir Walter, 16, 23, 28, 34, 35–6, 37,
44, 56, 77, 79, 82, 93, 106, 117, 138
n. 24
Reynoldes, Edward, 89–90, 109, 111
Rich, Lady Penelope (née Devereux), 14, 90,
94–5, 97, 99
Russell, Lady Elizabeth, 108–9
Russell, Edward, 3rd Earl of Bedford, 64,
120
Rutland, Earl of, see Manners, Roger

187

Sidney, Sir Philip, 11–15, 17, 29, 30, 83, 132
n. 49 & 53, 133 n. 133
Sidney, Sir Robert, 15, 16, 44, 57, 62, 74–5,
85, 96, 104–7, 119
Smyth, Sheriff Thomas, 43, 44, 49, 50
Spenser, Edmund, 11, 13, 30
Standen, Anthony, 71, 72–3, 102–3, 107–8,
109
Stanhope, Sir John, 60
Stanley, Elizabeth (née de Vere), Countess of
Derby, 26, 90
Succession, 68, 77, 79, 81–2, 98
sweet wines (licence to import), 41, 89–90
Tacitus, Tacitean ideas, 103–4
Touchet, George, Lord Audley, 59
tournaments
Accession Day, 15, 40–41, 123–5
the ‘Four Foster Children of Desire’
(1581), 29–30
Tracy, Henry, 44

Copyright

Sackville, Thomas, Lord Buckhurst (Lord
Treasurer from 1599), 45, 100
Savile, Henry, 104
Scrope, Lady Philadelphia, 59
Segar, Sir William, 9, 16, 52
Shakespeare, William, Richard II, 43, 52,
65–66, 142 n. 2, 147 n. 6

Wales, 110–11, 143–4 n. 39
Walsingham, Sir Francis, 12, 67, 72, 80
Whitgift, John, Archbishop of Canterbury,
48, 55
Whyte, Rowland, 41, 54, 58, 59, 62, 93,
104–7, 119
Willoughby, Lord, see Bertie, Peregrine
Wooton, Sir Henry, 100, 104
Wriothesley, Henry, 3rd Earl of Southampton, 45, 46, 47, 53–4, 55, 61, 68, 79, 96,
101, 112, 120, 121

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