JULY 20-22, 2003 ~ RESIDENTIAL TRAINING Harpers Ferry, WV

Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. 1 ) The Praxis Project

July 20, 2003 Greetings! What a world where working in right now. Budget cuts. Privatization. War. Strife. Much of what we have come to think of as advances in policy seem to be eroding before our eyes. Of course, all is not lost. All over, folk like you -- and including you -- are making a difference by making policy that matters. This session, the very first of Praxis' Learning Circle series, is designed to help you build skills and develop strategies for policy advocacy. The goals of these sessions are pretty straightforward. We want to help you develop and pass better policies, policies that meet community needs and expand our notion of what's possible. We also want to contribute to expanding the network of organizers and advocates committed to health justice. As a result, this session attempts to balance popular education to enhance skills (learning by doing, really) with alliance building to support network development. It's our way of ensuring that each of us has opportunities both to learn and to teach because we truly value what you bring to this. It also means that our sessions are extraordinarily packed in order to allow extensive interaction and participation. And, as with all maiden voyages, we ask your patience with the kinks -- and your input as we make our way together. Welcome! We are very glad you're here. In fellowship,


Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. 2 ) The Praxis Project

Table of Contents
Welcome………………………………………………………………………….…….2 Agenda……………………………………………………………………………….…5 Policy Planning Templates…………………………………………………………....8 Developing a Policy Initiative……………….………………………………..9 Choosing an Issue: Reality Checklist……………………….………………26 Capability Index………………………………………………………………..27 Ally Matrix………………………………………………………………………29 Base and Coalition Building…………………………………………………………..30 Tips on Base Building…………………………………………………………31 Sample Rap and Tally Sheets…………………………………………….....34 Building Diverse Community-Base Coalitions……………………………...40 Media Advocacy…………………………………………………………………….....46 Media Planning template……………………………………………………...47 Key Related Beliefs……………………………………………………………51 A Good Framing Strategy………………………………………………….....52 Framing for Access……………………………………………………………53 Rats 1,2,3: A Framing Exercise………………………………………………54 Principles for Talking About Race to the Media…………………………....57 Policy Advocacy Resources…………………………………………………………..58 Options for Policy Action……………………………………………………...59 Policy Options Beyond Legislation………………………………………......67 Developing an Equity Impact Template………………………..………..…..69 Participant Roster…………………………………………...………………………….81 About The Praxis Project………………………………………………………………88

Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. 3 ) The Praxis Project

thepraxisproject..91 Upcoming Training Events…………………………………………………..…....About the Organization……………………………………………………… ...89 Praxis staff………………………………………………………………….94 This Session's Trainers and Presenters…………………………………..96 About Harpers Ferry……………………………………………………………………100 Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p..95 Other Resources……………………………………………………………………. 4 ) The Praxis Project www...

Agenda Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. 5 ) The Praxis Project .

dance.thepraxisproject. WV DAY ONE – Sunday. 6 ) The Praxis Project www. role-play. July 21.Effective Policy Advocacy July 20-July 22. 2003 8:00 am Breakfast 8:45 am Issue Groups Reconvene Develop Large-Group Report 9:00 am Welcome Back/Housekeeping/Agenda Review 9:15 am Issue Groups Report Back and Cross Talk Presentations.g. 1:30 pm 2:00 pm 2:45 pm 4:00 pm 5:10 pm 5:45 pm 6:00 pm 7:00 pm Introduction & Overview Policy as Vision Exercise Building “Whole” Coalitions Cutting the Issue Developing Policy Goals Issue Groups Housekeeping/Evaluation/Adjourn Dinner FREE TIME (optional learning circles – organized by participants) DAY TWO – Monday. song. etc. 2003 Arrival to Hilltop House by 11:30 PM 12:00 pm Lunch Gathering Welcome Introductions & Logistics Convene to Gathering Room (Annex) Agenda 12:30 pm 12:45 pm Conocimiento Presentations Participants reconvene into four thematic groups and develop a presentation (e. drawing. 2003 Hilltop House Hotel Harpers .. July 20. human sculptures. Debriefing & Discussion Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.) to illustrate common ground discovered re: challenges and hopes in policy work.

2003 8:00 am 8:45 am 9:00 am Breakfast Welcome Back/Housekeeping/Agenda Review Taking It Back to Your Community 10:00 am Lobbying: What Nonprofits Need to Know Guest Speaker: Liz Towne. 7 ) The Praxis Project www. Message development and Planning Identifying Target Audiences Evaluation/Housekeeping/Adjourn Dinner Break Dinner FREE TIME (optional learning circles – organized by participants) Social Time DAY THREE – Tuesday.thepraxisproject.9:45 am 10:15 am 10:30 am 12:30 pm 1:30 pm 2:15 pm 3:00 pm 3:20 pm 4:45 pm 5:00 pm 5:15 pm 6:00 pm 7:00 pm 8:00 pm Identifying Targets BREAK Power/Organizing/Mobilizing Tactics LUNCH Identifying and Mobilizing Support Dealing with Opposition BREAK Media Advocacy: Framing. July . Alliance for Justice 11:15 am 12:00 pm 1:00 pm Evaluation. Housekeeping and Closing Bagged Lunch Shuttles Back to the Airports Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.

org .Policy Planning Templates Developing a Policy Initiative Choosing An Issue: Reality Checklist Capability Index Ally Matrix Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.thepraxisproject. 8 ) The Praxis Project www.

In your assessment you should ask yourself: what constitutes victory? How will this policy address the problem/have an impact on the quality of life of your constituents/members and/or community? Take time to assess each of the objectives you must achieve to meet your campaign . injuries and other incidents.This form was inspired by materials by the Midwest Academy. and the impact of corporate institutions. your organization must bring something to the Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. community-generated policies.thepraxisproject." Know. we must shape and initiate public policy. other gatekeepers. Above all. what young people actually think about the situation. if we are serious about building community power. Below are basic steps in shaping proactive. among other things. It's important to compare your organization's goals with the goal for your issue. 9 ) The Praxis Project www. Can you win? Or perhaps more importantly. what options (if any) do they have. At some point. can your organization afford to lose? Advocacy campaigns can strengthen organizations by building a sense of team spirit. be able to describe the problem clearly in ways that help your community grasp the seriousness of the problem – and hold the right players accountable. "we see a number of youths without much to do. Develop Policy Goals All policy must be developed within the framework of your organization's purpose and long range goals. or regulatory agencies before winning changes in local or state institutional policy. Of course. Clearly Define The Problem This requires gathering as many reports. Of course. If you are interested in seeing your policy recommendations codified. It is difficult to effectively address problems in the environment with simply an intuitive. Doris Marshall Institute. personal observations and other resources that accurately describe the problem you wish to address. Examples of short-term objectives are the support of local politicians. then you must be prepared with the facts. This assessment requires developing a scrupulous list of all the steps necessary to accomplish each short term objective. Assess Your Ability To Undertake A Campaign To Implement These Goals Another important consideration is your organizational health and survival. 1. the number of youth arrests. 2. The Marin Institute. surveys. deepening the leadership's level of experience and expanding an organization's membership and contact base. local funding issues. Another reason to have detailed information to substantiate your policy recommendation is that all legislation must be based on a finding or set of facts that provide the rationale for enacting the law. 3. and Berkley Media Studies Group Developing A Policy Initiative It’s not enough to simply react to issues with demands and counter demands. expanding the leadership base. this worksheet is not a recipe but a guide from which to begin your strategy.

Develop An Action Plan Once you've assessed your organizational and community capacity. membership. etc. you are ready to develop an action plan for your campaign. Above all. 10 ) The Praxis Project www.campaign in the first place (i. Media enables public health advocates who gain access to capture public attention on behalf of a particular issue or policy change.). Assess each parties depth of support. Make sure that your target is clear and that the policy recommendation(s) are: within its/their power. then you must (through research) determine all the ways you can access and influence the process (personal contacts. freedom of information requests. what they bring to the effort and how much effort will it take to reach them and maintain their presence in the coalition. be tenacious and remember that changing policy means changing minds .thepraxisproject.). Building broad. press contacts. Set time limits for certain tactics and develop an alternate plan if your original tactics are not yielding results. your allies and opponents as well as the gatekeepers who have the power to enact your policy.and that takes time. Your action plan should also include how you plan to use the media. Media has often turned the tide by informing the public (and policy makers in particular) of a particular problem. staff. the best kind of campaigns build a sense of community and build community power. media. Once you've decided what institutions or individuals have power or influence to enact your policy. Media Action Planning Effective use of media is also a critical tool in any advocacy campaign. cohesive coalitions is critical to these efforts. these issues are not black and white. Of course.. make sure you include a plan for monitoring your target institutions and the policies once they are implemented. Make a careful assessment of your assets as well as any liabilities you bring to the effort.risk by coming together. reputation. specific. what they . One way to think about coalition building is by developing a list of groups and individuals who share the different parts of the problem you'd like to address and what would each party gain from supporting the effort. etc. The actions you take should be flexible and engage your community. 4.e. Assess Community Resources As stated above. providing ideas and opportunities for public action. facilities.and you . and facilitating a shift in the focus from policy that holds individuals accountable to policies that seek to effectively regulate institutional actors as well. Assess Who Has the Power To Enact the Policy Any discussion on doing advocacy would be incomplete without taking a look at who you may have to target to achieve your goal. Also. allies. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. . 6. money. and can be articulated in a way that is easily understood. as voters or taxpayers.

Take time to celebrate your achievements no matter how small they may seem.)? What still makes sense to continue? What isn't working? Use your evaluation information and make any necessary changes to your action plan. as a group.7. 11 ) The Praxis Project www. exposure . informs your work on an ongoing basis. Also. Your organization should periodically review each step of your action plan to assess if it's working. This is hard work. Make sure that the problem is immediate (within your sphere of influence). and winnable (will taking this on strengthen your organization. Some questions to ask yourself: Did we do what we said we would do? What have we gained (people. Evaluate Your Success Evaluation. make sure that you just don't focus on your shortcomings. work with your group to choose an issue that you would like to use the tool of policy change to address.related and not related to your goals)? What have we changed (policy. To begin the process of planning. if done well. can about the problem: Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. as well as increase agency in your community?). The Problem is (25 words or less): List as much information that you. specific (can you measure it?).thepraxisproject. and policy options to be used in reducing those risks. You deserve it! Defining the Problem You have now identified a variety of issues in your community. resources. community or press . etc.

state the policy goal for this issue: Name three concrete improvements that would be won by achieving this goal: Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials ( .List five sources outside of your organization for further information: Developing Policy Goals Write a brief summary of the purpose and long range goals of your organization. 12 ) The Praxis Project www. Using no more than 30 words.

org . etc.) that can be aided by this effort: Setting Objectives Brainstorm with your group a "laundry list" of steps necessary to accomplish your goal.How will achieving this goal contribute to building the community's sense of their own power? What is the relationship between organizational goals and the policy goal? Name three non-policy goals (i.. expanding membership. 13 ) The Praxis Project www. etc. support of regulatory agencies. minimum signatures to place issue on the ballot or before council. Don't take longer than 5 minutes on each part of this step for now.e. Revisit them after you've gone through the exercises entirely..e.) to achieve your policy goal? Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. What short-term victories must you first win (i.thepraxisproject.

money. allies. facilities. With that goal in mind. press contacts. staff.List steps necessary to accomplish each short-term goal listed above: Assessing Your Organizational Capacity Review your policy . 14 ) The Praxis Project www. membership.e. List three internal problems that have to be considered or overcome.). reputation. list three specific ways in which your organization needs to be strengthened in order to achieve your goal: List the resources your organization brings to this campaign (i.. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.thepraxisproject. etc.

How will the campaign strengthen the organization.thepraxisproject. Identify which is the most important target for achieving your policy goal. if you win? If you lose? How can the campaign weaken the organization? Assessing Your Targets List who/what institution has/have the power to solve the problem and grant your demands? When possible. 15 ) The Praxis Project . list specific names. Who must you get to first before those listed above? Be specific: List strengths and weaknesses of each target: Opponent Strengths Weaknesses Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.

16 ) The Praxis Project www. etc.thepraxisproject. turned a tobacco advertising issue into a fair business practices issue)? Does this help you? Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials ( .Assessing Your Targets (Continued) Which targets are appointed? Elected? How do you have power/influence with them (as voters.)? What is the self-interest of each? Who would have jurisdiction if you redefined the issue (e.g. consumers. taxpayers.

When possible. Identify which are likely to do the most “damage”.thepraxisproject. 17 ) The Praxis Project . consumers. List strengths and weaknesses of each opponent: Opponent Strengths Weaknesses Assessing Your Opponents Which are appointed? Elected? How do you have power/influence with them (as voters.Assessing Your Opposition List people and institutions who may oppose you.)? Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. taxpayers. list specific names. etc.

risk in joining you.Assessing Community Resources List who shares this What would they get problem? out of joining you? Who else would they bring in? Who would their presence alienate? Rank each group named above from 1 to 5 (with 5 being the highest) with regard to your issues taking into account the following factors: self-interest.thepraxisproject. and level of difficulty to reach/ . depth of concern. 18 ) The Praxis Project www. Self-interest Depth of concern Risk in joining you Difficult to reach/ organize Group Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.

19 ) The Praxis Project www.Assessing Community Resources (Continued) For each group named . list the specific power they have over your targets: Group Target Power NOTES: Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.

thepraxisproject.MEDIA PLANNING FOR POLICY CHANGE Write here your policy goal: List three goals for your work with the media. Allies you must reach using media: Targets you will influence using media: Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. At least one should be related to your policy goal: Whom do you want to reach? Remember the allies and targets you identified in your policy . 20 ) The Praxis Project www.

Distill your policy message into a 15-word (maximum) statement that will get the point across. (Remember: you are not debating them. It is the overall theme of your initiative that you are trying to communicate. 21 ) The Praxis Project . You are delivering the message. What are good images for conveying the message? Who are good spokespeople for conveying the message? List arguments of the opposition: Develop two soundbites that convey your message and address important issues raised by the opposition.) Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. Remember: a message is not the same as a soundbite.

Monitoring and Evaluating Your Campaign Who will be responsible for monitoring activity? What activities are necessary to insure the effort is monitored properly? What will constitute success? (Be . 22 ) The Praxis Project www. Refer back to your goals and objectives) Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.

org . Policy GoalMain TargetOur Opposition- What Information We Need Where to Go For It By When Short Term Objectives/Victories (in chronological order) Be sure to include any tasks concerning your target(s). 23 ) The Praxis Project www.thepraxisproject.Developing Your Action Plan Now you have what you need to develop an action plan. Don’t forget give yourself time to review your answers. Attach an extra paper if necessary. Be sure to set dates for the completion of each step. Victories we need to accomplish our policy goal: Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.

thepraxisproject. 24 ) The Praxis Project .Developing Your Action Plan (Continued) Tasks we need to accomplish to gain each victory: We want to work in coalition with the following groups/individuals: Tasks we need to accomplish to make this happen for each listed above: We have identified the following secondary targets as critical to our goal: What we want from each target: Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.

25 ) The Praxis Project www.Developing Your Action Plan Actions we need to undertake to make this happen: Tasks we need to accomplish for each action Action #1: Action #2: Action #3: Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials ( .thepraxisproject.

CHOOSING AN ISSUE: REALITY CHECKLIST *Based on action kits developed by the Midwest Academy. funded. if no’s are checked evaluate why and move forward only if the reasons are compelling and sustainable. the whole yes column would be checked to increase the likelihood of success. and the unexpected need to advocate and organize. the Praxis Project and other community organizing groups Because an issue is YES NO . ISSUE: CRITERIA Results in real improvement in people’s lives Gives people a sense of their own power Affects the organization and people in a tangible way Is widely felt Is deeply felt Offers opportunities to build the organization Builds lasting organization and alliances Creates opportunities/builds capacity for traditional disfranchised people to be involved in leadership positions Develops new leaders Promotes awareness and respect for rights/human rights Has a clear political and policy solution Has a clear target and timeframe Links local concerns to global issues Provides opportunities to raise funds Forces the organization to do things it hasn’t done before / Enables the organization to further its vision and mission Challenges institutional racism. and to help you think through the strengths and weaknesses of your advocacy initiative/campaign. 26 ) The Praxis Project www. classism and other forms of oppression within the organization and its work Gives the organization and constituents experience for the next campaign Can be supported. and managed by the organization It’s easy to understand It’s specific and winnable Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.thepraxisproject. it does not mean it’s the right time to tackle it. Use the reality checklist below to evaluate the issue chosen in the previous worksheet. Ideally. But given the sudden battles brewing over budget deficits and cuts.

Capability Index VOLUNTEER RECRUITMENT -I have recruited volunteers and/or conducted training for them (say which one you've done after your name) -I have and manage a database or list of volunteers -I have or work with a phone bank or other system to contact volunteers by phone: -I have or work on a system for rewarding/acknowledging volunteers: COMPUTERS -I know the following software (name and software) -I have access to a computer and have an e-mail address (name & e-mail address) -I have done desktop publishing: -I have installed hardware and/or software: POLICY -I have called an elected official on a specific issue -I have helped draft legislation -I have testified at a public hearing -I have organized a community hearing on an issue MEDIA ADVOCACY -I have held a press conference -I have called a reporter -I have been interviewed by a reporter -I have written a letter to the editor or op-ed piece that was published FUNDRAISING -I have organized a fundraising dinner or other special event -I have written a proposal that got funded -I have run a direct appeal campaign (asked for money by mail or over the phone): Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. 27 ) The Praxis Project .thepraxisproject.

org .-I have run a membership drive ORGANIZING -I have done door-to-door canvassing I have organized a house meeting -I have worked on or coordinated a rally -I have worked on or coordinated an electoral campaign COMMUNICATIONS -I have run a phone tree or fax tree -I have produced or worked on a newsletter -I have produced or worked on a video -I have worked to generate letters from others on an issue MORE GRASSROOTS QUESTIONS: EVENTS I can cook meals for events I can do child care I can help with interpreting for others (Name and Language(s) including sign language) I can do outreach to get people to the event LANGUAGES I can speak another language other than English (Name and Language(s)) I can write in another language other than English (Name and Language(s)) I can translate documents from English to another language (Name and Language(s)) AFFILIATIONS I belong to a religious organization in my community (Name and faith institution or organization) I belong to my home alert or other neighborhood group (Name and group name) I am active in local community organizations (Name and no more than two main groups you work with) Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.thepraxisproject. 28 ) The Praxis Project www.

through a welfare rights group).g. church groups. welfare recipients) unless there is a viable way of developing a relationship with them (e. After you have developed your initial list of allies. Allies can be formal organizations with staff (e. unless the tenant association attributes are particularly weak areas of your developing coalition.g. place their name in the first column of the table . Potential Ally Do you have an existing relationship? Do they see their issue tied to yours? Do they have influence w/ legislators or decisionmakers ? Can they bring other constitue nts to the table? Do they have strong media contacts? Do you have other reasons to build a relationship with them? Will you build a relationship with a new racial/ethnic group? OTHER consideration s unique to your organization/ program OTHER considerations unique to your organization/ program e. 29 ) The Praxis Project www. block associations). do not identify a category of people (e.g. For example if you have strong influence with legislators. the tenant association is identified as a potential ally who sees their issue as tied to yours and can bring other constituents to the table. non-profits). you should also look for partners who complement your own abilities. Then check off each appropriate box to the right that describes this ally.g. volunteer organizations (e. community organizing groups that work with diverse communities of color. Organizations/individuals with more checks would be better potential allies. you might lower the priority of this attribute when evaluating potential partners. Tenant Assn ➼ ➼ Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. However. In addition.Ally Matrix Brainstorm a list of potential allies who care about your issue and might be willing to take some action. the more valuable they are and the more emphasis you should place on involving them in your budget advocacy. non-profits.g.thepraxisproject. In the example below. The more checks that follow a particular ally. tenant associations. or individuals.

org .Base and Coalition Building Tips on Base Building Sample Rap and Tally Sheet Building Diverse Community-Base Coalitions Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.thepraxisproject. 30 ) The Praxis Project www.

more names will be needed.2 Core supporters of (5-7) key volunteers can always be counted on. The key is working to get each level of supporter to move to the core by asking more from people at each level and showing appreciation for the core while displaying gratitude at each level. If the names are cold and the people are not familiar with the group or issue. In order to get 50 people to show up when the issue is not hot. 31 ) The Praxis Project www.1 1.3 1.2 2. Why have an identifiable base? 1. 25-30% will be no' .1 2. Appreciate the total. white supremacy and sexism. The people are not to blame. D. 6. The Science of Numbers 6. 2. Active supporters (20-25) will support most of the activities and will attend some meetings. More can be accomplished with people who feel part of an organized group. 150-200 names are needed. America does not encourage involvement. 3. especially people of color and women because of racism. Level of supporters 1.Tips on Base Building: there are no short cuts! Developed by Greg Akili 1.2 1. The outer circle of support is dismissed because involvement is measured by how many people come to the monthly meeting. 3. The level of comfort is increased and people will participate and be involved in public actions when there is an identifiable base.4 People get involved based on their personal interest or because of a crisis. 2. 4.3 2.4 People make a difference if you go to them. Many people believe that their vote or voice will not count. A.thepraxisproject. rarely come to meetings. B. A. An organization must have a base of people that can be counted on to achieve the goals. only a small percent will actually show. 15-20% of the numbers will not be good numbers. 3. don't just focus on the core. The public. Many people in America are made to feel powerless. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. Of those who say yes.1 Too often people complain because there are not more people involved. 25-30% will say yes. 3. Out of the 20 people talked to. C. General supporters (50-70) will do one thing. They are not obligated to participate or work on an issue.1 The essence of base building is numbers and volume. Thirty percent or more of the people called will not be at home. Why should people get involved? What do they get for it? 2. one time. it is not enough to have a good idea or a good issue. 9 will say yes and 3-4 will show.

Keys: 1. 2. asks them to invite 8-10 of their friends over so key volunteers can talk with them to get them involved. follow-up and accountability. How to know how many people are expected A. Tell the person. Develop ways to assist people to move from level to level.thepraxisproject.. 3. regular check-ins and reinforcement Getting the host to call their friends the day of the house meeting Phone banks recruitment: 4-5 phoners calling at least 4 nights a week. The host is asked to make up a list and call their friends right then. conduct orientation. C. tracking. 4.1 4. we are counting on you. Core supporters need to work with new people. tallies. Time is spent with the individual and a relationship is developed. they must be reinforced and reminded often and regularly. The importance of knowing what to say. The need to build and rebuild 4. Number of yes's Number of no's Total number of people talked with (add yes's and no's) Total number of attempts 5. 4. 4. maybes cannot be counted or measured. yes or no. tracking system Getting the person to make a list and call their friends Consistent follow-up calling. reminder calls and no-show call. A. but offers the best results. Strong rap and tally Dedicated phoning for at least 2-1/2 hours a night Large pool of names to call. E.2 Introduction: who you are and identify the group Statement of conditions and the need to take immediate action There is hope because people can make a difference and we need people's help because we can't do it alone.1 House meeting: A key volunteer/staff/supporter visits new people and gives them the . Get a commitment: Will you join us. Supporters will be successful: 5. 5.. Tallies: 1.. 3. What you can do: Come to the meeting.1 The rap is like a map.2 Every 3-4 months there will be a need to rebuild with a new group of people. All rap/scripts should have the same elements. D. 2. B. A. B.7. 32 ) The Praxis Project www. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.3 People will forget. 2. This approach is the hardest and takes the most time. plan parties for new supporters 5. Raps. 3. Methods for Mobilizing 7. People will move on to another level involved in something else or become inactive. Keys: 1. Strong rap. at least 3 times the number of names for the number of people expected to turn out Volunteer phone bank to recruit phoners to staff the phone banks 4.

org . that is how we improve our community." and what is in the packet. what were the comments the low's and high points • Ask everyone to come back for the next action. ask people to read with you. • Do look people in the eyes.. 5. 4. • We want you to feel comfortable.A. Introduction Statement of conditions Get an agreement. If people say yes and they do not show. each person take turns demonstrating the rap 6. • We are going door-to-door and telling people about (Our action. 3. Believe that people want to get involved and take action. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.thepraxisproject. • Do be polite. If the person keeps saying yes but never shows. Review what to say. • Because we know that when people like you get involved and take action. DO'S • Do smile and sound urgent. they must be called to find out why. Get a commitment. they should be written off. will you join us? (then PAUSE) yes or no. the "Rap. 5. • Don't spend too much time with one person. capable and confident. make eye contact. Don't's and Do's DON'T'S • Don't be judgmental and make assumptions. Agenda for Volunteer Orientation 1.. Role play • Divide into pairs. Introductions What we are doing and why it is important • Each of you is important and valuable and we thank you. • Don't argue with people and preach to them. • • • • • • Read rap aloud. B. 33 ) The Praxis Project www. No-show calls A. 2.) • Asking the people in this neighborhood to get involved and to join us. • Review what happen.4 Reminder calls should be made at least three times before the event and twice the day of the event. Wrap-up • Volunteers return and fill out tally sheet.

[pause] Don't you think we need to start now to turn this condition around? [pause] (If yes) Great! We know that our children do better when we as parents get directly involved. older brother/sister. We're getting together for our first session ________.. Which one can I sign you up for? (If yes) Great! There are a couple of questions I need to ask you • Is your phone number still __________________? Yes • Is there a need for childcare? Yes • How many adults will be attending? (If no or don't know) We can't overemphasize the value of family participation.thepraxisproject..] Thank you very much for your time. You know.SAMPLE What to Say: "The RAP" SAMPLE Hello is Ms/Mr _____________ home? My name is ________________ and this is ______. an aunt. No # of children No New # Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. We're volunteers from ______________ school. The schools are starting a very exciting program for our children and parents next week. friend? [Ask the person for the other adult's name and phone number. uncle. That is going to hurt your child and the other children when they get older. we're behind in math. We meet at ___AM and ___ PM. We're falling behind in reading. we're behind in everything except dropping out. The Center for Parent Involvement and Education and __________ school have started parent education sessions to help you and other parents understand how you can assist your child and improve education. You sure you can't make one session? (If no) Is there another adult who can join us. our children are falling behind other children. We look forward to working with you. 34 ) The Praxis Project .

and we need your help. Don't you think there have been too many killings in the city? [pause] We are collecting signatures to ban the possession of handguns in Milwaukee.] Will you stop by the office? [pause] What's a good time for you to stop by the Jobs with Peace office at 750 North 18th Street. Don't put down the receiver. 4. Only mark YES. We meet for a few minutes at the Jobs with Peace office. between Wells and Wisconsin. NO or DISCONNECTED [DISC] and the DAY & DATE & TIME. get them signed and return them? [We would rather not mail the petitions: it takes too much time. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. Will you join us? [pause] (If yes) Great! We meet at 9:30 AM at the Jobs with Peace office at 750 North 18th Street. [Please do not mark anything else.000 signatures in the next 10 days. is Ms/Mr ___________ home? My name is _______________________. I'm calling from Campaign to Ban Handguns. We have to collect 30.] Fill out a tally sheet after calling. (If no. then we go out in teams for a couple of hours and collect signatures. we have less than 15 days. can't come Saturday) Will you come by our office and pick up some petitions. Don't leave messages. 35 ) The Praxis Project . We're calling all our supporters and asking them to join us this Saturday for our weekly mobilization. We have come together with other groups to help make Milwaukee safe.thepraxisproject. PHONING INSTRUCTIONS 1. 3. 2.SAMPLE Recruitment Script Hello. between Wells and Wisconsin? We look forward to seeing you [write down the day & date & time].

36 ) The Praxis Project www. When will you start? [Make sure to get a date.SAMPLE Follow-up with Petitioners SAMPLE Hello. and will you join us this Saturday and Sunday for one shift? The shifts are on Saturday at 10 AM and 12 noon. I'm a volunteer with Neighbor to Neighbor. we have to report to the state operation daily. How many signatures have you collected? (If they have not started yet) We have to collect 677 signatures a day to make our goal of 50.thepraxisproject. I'm calling to follow up with you.] (If no) Is there a Saturday or Sunday shift that you will join us? We need your help! Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. and Sunday at 12 noon and 2 .] Will you bring in your completed petitions this Saturday.000 signatures in San Diego. We have kicked off our campaign and we collected over _____ signatures. is _______ home? My name is ________. Which shift is good for you? [Write down day and shift. Thank you for helping put a single payer health care plan on the ballot.

37 ) The Praxis Project .PLEASE FILL OUT A TALLY SHEET WHEN YOU FINISH Center for Parent Involvement & Education DAILY TALLY Date: ________________________ Team Names ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ School ______________________________________________ Number of Yes's for AM Number of No's ________ PM ________ ______________ ____________ Total number of people talked with (add yes's and no's) Comments: What was good: ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ What could be better: ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.thepraxisproject.

DO NOT LEAVE A .DAILY PHONE TALLY Please fill out tally sheet after calling. Number of Yes's will pick up _______________________ Number of Yes's for Saturday _______________________ Number of No's Total number of contacts (add yes's and no's) Comments: _______________________ _______________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.thepraxisproject. 38 ) The Praxis Project www. Date: _________________________ Name: ___________________________________________________ ONLY COUNT THE PEOPLE YOU TALK WITH.

_________________________________________________________________________ 4.Volunteers Recruitment Tally Date: __________________________ Name:_________________________________________________ Number of Yes's for Phone Bank Number of No's Number of Captains Total number of contacts (Add yes's and no's) _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ Write in the space below name. 39 ) The Praxis Project www._________________________________________________________________________ 5._________________________________________________________________________ 6._________________________________________________________________________ 3.________________________________________________________________________ Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.thepraxisproject._________________________________________________________________________ . day and date of the Yes's Volunteer Name Phone # Day/Date 1. phone number.

YOU ARE HERE: MAPPING POTENTIAL ALLIES 1) How are resources allocated to support the various groups and/or communities with which I want to work? Have there been tensions over resources? How did these tensions evolve and who were the key players? 2) What is the group's experience with previous collaborations? Were they satisfying/did they meet their needs? Was it a positive or negative experience overall? Why? 3) What are the prevailing attitudes about collaboration? Are there issues (i.thepraxisproject. Moving beyond the way things "are" to what they "could be" requires an understanding of past tensions that helped forge the current reality. Jewelle Taylor Gibbs. in professional training or culture. etc.Building Diverse Community Based Coalitions "The world is changing and anyone who thinks they can get anything meaningful done without the input of all a community's leadership is simply not paying attention." Many cite lack of contacts in professional. Another barrier is fear of conflicts that may arise as various groups learn to work together. many groups can't seem to "make it so.e.) that make collaboration difficult? Easier? What concerns the group most about getting involved with a collaborative project? How can those concerns be allayed? 5) Who are the key opinion leaders in the group? Who is most open to collaborating? Who is least open? Do we or someone we know have a relationship with any of them? List names. even with the intellectual understanding of how critical diversity is to collaborative leadership. or lack of it. 6) What would the group need to get out of collaborating with others? What can we offer? What would the group be willing to contribute? What do they risk in joining us? 7) What interests do we both share? Will this collaboration offer a vehicle for mutual benefit? Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials ( . or both. 40 ) The Praxis Project www. In most cases. mistrust. religious and/or racial and ethnic communities that are different from their own.Dr. in a group only mirrors relationships in the "larger" community. internationally recognized sociologist and author M ost activists have figured out that engaging a broad cross-section of people in support of an issue is a good thing. The first step is to conduct a bit of research either through personal interviews. old newsclippings and documents. groups who aren't working together today have reasons deeply rooted in the past." -. Inclusion is more than a buzzword. Try to map potential allies using the guiding questions below. value in diversity. richness in variety of perspectives. etc. It's a necessity. They can recite the litany of rationale: There's power in numbers.. Yet. Diversity.

These "go-betweens" are excellent resources for information and may even consent to initiate contact with the candidate. Try role-playing certain approaches and discussing the candidate's potential responses.dramatically different levels of power that people hold.Make A Plan Once you have the answers to these questions. Collaborations require partners who are deeply concerned and have a strong self-interest in the initiative and low enough risk in getting involved to truly be "there" for other partners. retaining new partners for the long haul means really integrating them into the team. you are ready to frame an initial recruitment plan. and background information to help you begin the work of building our traditional way of thinking about power -. Making the Pitch Often. They just breed resentment and reinforce the status quo. That partner makes the introductions. and they are concerned enough about the core issues to make a solid commitment. Review your organizational structure. you share common ground. a big name usually means the candidate has more to risk when they do get involved. discuss your pitch with a colleague who knows the candidate well. Use the form attached to identify potential partners in your community. you're going to have -. If possible. any candidate has at least one friend or colleague that you know as well. only that they are trusted in their community." observes John Parr. is spoken at meetings and gatherings? Will it alienate or welcome new partners? In short. Of course. Additionally." Some organizations develop new partner orientations and assign a partner to the new member to help with the transition. When possible. 41 ) The Praxis Project www. their probable interests. A recruitment plan identifies prospective partners. Candidates need not be the most prominent community members. former head of the National Civic League and Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. the hard work begins.thepraxisproject. "If you've done a good job of selecting people to participate. it really helps to recruit at least two people from a community to help minimize feelings of isolation. or level of language. A good recruitment pitch comes from detailed background information and plenty of practice. How are decisions made? Who holds the information and resources? Will there be room for your new partner to make a meaningful contribution to the initiative's direction? What steps do you have in place to make new partners feel at home with the group? What language. Big name affiliation without any commitment will not build working relationships. The Comfort Zone Once you've gotten a candidate to agree to join you. brings the new members up to speed and works with them to identify potential areas for participation. It's more of a salad approach where every partner is tossed lightly until the new partner is "in. this is not a blending process where everyone ends up acting and talking the . It's important to choose candidates carefully because the first groups to accept your invitation will signal volumes to the rest of the community.

"How do you create a situation where there is. and open and close meetings in ways that reflect their group customs. not everyone is a skilled negotiator. Leave room for different styles of expression and try not to take it personally. For example. you also map potential venues for collaboration. Yet. Identify self-interests. Encourage partners to be creative.) that are shaping organizational dynamics? Facing conflict within a group requires a skilled facilitator and enough safe space in a discussion setting to identify concrete issues and outcomes." or identity. constituencies and connections between institutions as much as possible. business and nonprofit organizations and their leadership.thepraxisproject. What structural problems are exacerbating conflict? Are mechanisms for gathering input and making decisions clear? Are there contextual issues (i. "culture. work related .both those with power and those without power -. By mapping the power "sources" in a wide range of communities. More informal channels of power will emerge in personal interviews. frankly. a level playing field? In many ways it's a challenge to the facilitator to. etc. resource sharing.about how to be a more effective participant. 42 ) The Praxis Project www.seasoned veteran in creating public-private partnerships. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p." Confronting Conflict Conflict happens even in homogeneous groups. group histories. and strategies to address those barriers. external political forces. "team" meeting culture. The key to moving through the tough times is keeping the focus on the concrete. Good Ideas To Try At Home Power Analysis A long time community organizing tool. a general discussion about perceptions and attitudes among partners will not be as useful as identifying barriers (including misperceptions) to working together toward the common goal. Start with identifying government. Move the Meeting One way to build commitment and comfort is to rotate meeting locations and responsibility for meeting planning among the various partners. power analyses chart a community's power structures and identify places of influence and power. when conflict happens along group lines in diverse collaborations.e. partners are more likely to give up and walk away. in effect. It is an inevitable fact of life. It also helps to attend each partner's own group meetings to get ideas for building a combined. Remember. spend some of their time coaching people -.

Building Skills and Capacities Training and professional development can be an effective tool for forging shared language and approaches to advancing shared work. It's a good idea to focus on best practices as there's no need to reinvent the wheel. Internet searches using keywords on the specific issue or more general terms like "capacity building," "community development," and/or "building diversity" can lead you to a treasure trove of resources. It's also important to note that capacity building should not just focus on getting new partners to "understand" how to work with more established partners. Existing collaborations should regularly evaluate their form, structure and group process to ensure they are accessible to newcomers. Review issues like access for those with disabilities (i.e., offering sign language interpretation, or access for those using wheelchairs); the need for language translation (are there communities who can not participate because there is not translation capacity?); and the meeting times or settings. For example, are meetings during the day so only those with flexible work situations can attend? Are meetings late at night preventing senior participation? Is the meeting located near public transportation? Are youth and children welcome? Are there emerging groups in our community for whom we should be preparing to make room? How might their participation have an impact on the group? Make It Policy The best way to guarantee inclusion is to write it directly into a group's policy. By identifying "seats" for key constituencies -- like youth representatives, faith groups, etc. -- a certain degree of representation is assured.

Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. 43 ) The Praxis Project

Assessing Community Resources List who shares this problem? What would they get out of joining you? Who else would they bring in? Who would their presence alienate?

Rank each group named above from 1 to 5 (with 5 being the highest) with regard to your issues taking into account the following factors: self-interest, depth of concern, risk in joining you, and level of difficulty to reach/organize.



Depth of concern

Risk in joining you

Difficult to reach/organize

Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. 45 ) The Praxis Project

2. 46 ) The Praxis Project .Media Advocacy Media Planning template Key Related Beliefs A Good Framing Strategy Framing for Access Rats 1.3: A Framing Exercise Principles for Talking About Race to the Media Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.thepraxisproject.

watch. 47 ) The Praxis Project www. vulnerabilities) What/whom do they . At least one should be related to your program goals: Whom do you want to reach? Remember any targets you identified. What do we want them to do? What do they care about? (values. listen to? Organization/ Constituency Why do we want them? Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.thepraxisproject.MEDIA PLANNING CONSIDERATIONS: A Checklist Write here your main three program goals: List three goals for your work with the media.

org . What are good images for conveying this message? Who are good spokespeople for conveying the message? What are the best media for conveying this message for each target? (List targets and choose one or more that fit. Try to focus on not more than three) Large Academic Publications Professional development or journal articles News media: ___ print ___ radio ___ television __ on-line __ opinion Entertainment media Other on-line media Personal networks Other ________________________________________________ List arguments of the opposition: Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. It is the overall theme you are trying to communicate.What are you trying to communicate? Try to distill your message into a 25-word (maximum) statement that will get the point across. 48 ) The Praxis Project www. Remember: a message is not the same as a soundbite.thepraxisproject.

date they are scheduled to be completed and whether they have any piggybacking opportunities: Event/Product Date to be done Media opportunities List other events and products you know about (annual conferences. You are delivering the .Develop two soundbites that convey your message and address important issues raised by the opposition.) Planning List upcoming events and products. that provide opportunities to communicate with others and advance your goals: Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.thepraxisproject. anniversaries. etc. 49 ) The Praxis Project www. (Remember: you are not debating them.

Organize these events in chronological order and prioritize which are the communications opportunities you’d like to follow up on. 50 ) The Praxis Project www. Identify what tasks need to be done and by whom in order to complete the follow up: Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials ( .

You Know You Have One When: 1. One leader (preferably a white guy) not a collective. Building a Majority -.Poverty is the result of lack of initiative. common vision(s).thepraxisproject. 51 ) The Praxis Project www. Telling the Big Story Landscape vs. It will cost if you break agreements with us related to the issue. Negative perceptions of the “other”. Portrait • • • Role of institutions Impact and nature of systems Stories match/reinforce solutions Taking on the Undercurrent • Relate our stories of injustice as patterns • Confront unfairness directly (research that compares. 2. WE ALL DESERVE GOOD .org . individual failing THOSE “OTHER” FOLK CAN’T HANDLE GOOD – And trying to do them good will only hurt your good. 3. Organizing sector has passion. People associate support with key values. exposes) Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. People can and should govern collectively. ONLY “LEADERS” CAN GOVERN Government is ineffective. Only a few people are worthy.Public/government a good place to handle social issues (public common good – public/institutional accountability). Large numbers of people that comprehend what’s at stake. strategy. it should be run like a business – or individuals should handle.All human beings are basically connected and deserve the same things They say IT’S “SOME” PEOPLE . 4.Poverty and other economic problems are systemic.Key Related Beliefs We say IT’S THE SYSTEM . not natural. Collaboration is messy GOVERN TOGETHER .

tobacco sales to kids. Present solution. a social issue is news. If a picture is worth a thousand words and case. This is where the initiative comes in. developing compelling visuals that illustrate your perspective is critical. To use youth access to tobacco as an example. . 52 ) The Praxis Project www. It should be communicated as practical.A Good Framing Strategy Should: Translate individual problem to social issue. Again consistency is key. Framing for content means framing your message in ways that support your initiative goal and explains to others why the target you chose is the right entity to address the issue. it's hard to justify a new ordinance if spokespeople assign primary responsibility for the problem to parents. Tailor to audience. which is usually your target. It's hard to justify an environmental approach to an issue if all media interviews frame it from an individual perspective. the average media bite is seven seconds. Assign primary responsibility. affordable and the right thing to do. an individual problem is not. Communities are fragmented with lots of different interests and concerns. legal. fair. Translating an issue helps others to see why it is important and newsworthy. The message should clearly articulate what the initiative Make practical policy appeal.thepraxisproject. Develop pictures and images. If the issue is can address. Tailor your message to your audience. Remember who you are communicating with in each Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. The first step in framing is to make sure that what you say is consistent with your approach. the solution offered in this case is to make it harder for merchants to profit from youth smoking.

some demographic groups (and therefore. These make stories interesting. Piggybacking on a news story that is already getting media attention can be an effective strategy. Breakthrough. or the commemoration of something important. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. breaking news. including print media. The news media is in the storytelling business. Simpson case to raise public awareness of the tragedy of domestic violence. milestone. Others opt for more dramatic visuals like candlelight vigils or deteriorating neighborhoods in order to provide news media with some direct experience of the issues advocates seek to address. injustice. Here are some other elements of newsworthiness to consider: Controversy. Some groups provide balloons and beautiful backdrops. Advocates artfully used the a discovery or new drug. Media outlets are businesses that must reach consumers in order to stay profitable. Framing a story for the media so it gets their attention is called framing for access. Population of interest. Irony or uniqueness. conflict. of course.J. Local peg. that moving train. one way to attract the media. All media. to stop and pay attention to our issue. Featuring celebrities is.thepraxisproject. 53 ) The Praxis Project www. need good visuals for their stories. Call the advertising department of your local media outlet for its package to prospective advertisers. any story affecting large numbers of people is usually considered significant. Good pictures. Oftentimes. There are many framing techniques for getting the media's attention. anniversary. Something that makes viewers sit up and pay attention. These materials are free and often outline an outlet's target markets. Significant or serious. Something new and amazing -. Although this is often subjective. stories that appeal to them) are of greater interest than others.Framing for Access Getting media attention means getting the news . that catches the eye.

I never thought this would happen in the daylight. The mother.Rats Rats bite infant An infant left sleeping in his crib was bitten repeatedly by rats while his 16 year old mother went to cash her welfare check. I left the door open so my neighbor would hear him if he woke . explained softly. 54 ) The Praxis Project www.thepraxisproject. by Charlotte Ryan. 1991 Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. "I was only gone 5 minutes. A neighbor responded to the cries of the infant and brought the child to Central Hospital where he was treated and released in his mother's custody." Source: Prime Time Activism: Media Strategies for Grassroots Organizing. South End Press. Angie Burns of the South End.

Rats bite infant: Landlord. "I spend half my time cleaning up after them. by Charlotte Ryan." Source: Prime Time Activism: Media Strategies for Grassroots Organizing. 1991 Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. South End Press. 55 ) The Praxis Project www. Henry Brown. Tenants said that repeated requests for extermination had been ignored by the landlord. Tenants Dispute Blame An eight-month old South End boy was treated and released from South End Hospital yesterday after being bitten by rats while he was sleeping in his crib.thepraxisproject. They throw garbage out the window into the back alley and their kids steal the garbage can covers for sliding in the snow. Brown claimed that the problem lay with the tenants' improper disposal of .

by Charlotte Ryan.Rat Bites in the City's "Zone of Death" Rats bit eight month old Michael Burns five times yesterday as he napped in his crib. The result.thepraxisproject. a pediatrician at Central Hospital.D. 1991 Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. A Public Health Department spokesperson explained that federal and state cutbacks forced short-staffing at rat control and housing inspection . 56 ) The Praxis Project www. Burns is the latest victim of a rat epidemic plaguing inner-city neighborhoods labeled the "Zone of Death." Source: Prime Time Activism: Media Strategies for Grassroots Organizing. is a five-fold increase in rat bites. "The irony is that Michael lives within walking distance of some of the world's best medical centers.. noted Joaquin Nunez." Health officials say mortality rates in these neighborhoods approach those in many third world countries. He added. M. South End Press.

Principles for Talking About RACE to the Media Document the Racism Some media folks have a hard time seeing it Prepare for Racist Assumptions Ask yourself: What’s the racist explanation for what’s going on? – Pre-empt the set-up Challenge the Terms of Debate Reject the question – Propose a new question Name the Enemy Otherwise it might be people of color Frame for Institutional Accountability Don’t let a single “bad-egg” racist be blamed as the problem Challenge the lies Lies based on stereotypes have power Claim the Moral High Ground No one wants to be morally wrong Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials ( . 57 ) The Praxis Project www.thepraxisproject.

thepraxisproject. 58 ) The Praxis Project www.Policy Advocacy Resources Options for Policy Action Policy Options Beyond Legislation Equity Impact Statement Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials ( .

Negotiate (and never negotiate alone. Identify levers of power and influence in the decisionmaking body and undertake a power analysis to identify allies. are cumbersome and can pull much needed energy away from organizing so consider them carefully before engaging. At least two members of your coalition should be present at all times) Legislation Identify existing laws and how they can be enforced. Do stings and other investigations to gather data. explore Title VI and other legal remedies concerning discrimination. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. Lawsuits and injunctions can also be effective in halting an action that requires further study and input. 59 ) The Praxis Project .Options for Policy Action Voluntary Agreements Identify institutional actors that have an impact on the issue. Develop a "wish list" of actions you'd like the institution(s) to undertake. opposition and legislative champions. Identify policy "ideas" that help address the problems or advance community vision. If the siting of negative land uses appear to correlate with the presence of traditionally disfranchised populations. They are best used when there are enough resources to continue other mobilizing efforts without interruption.thepraxisproject. Lawsuits and Other Legal Options Lawsuits often drag out. Develop an organizing plan to advance the policy initiatives you identify. Research their role(s) and possible actions these actors could take to reduce harm in the community. Try to get them enforced. Identify both "sticks" and "carrots" for their participation and your power to back up any agreement. try to ensure that the initiative helps build community power and agency as well as addresses the issue.

thepraxisproject. Effective policy leaves the community improved and with more involved community members than before. The experience of advocating for the policy expands the base of leadership. special levies or other means) to support your program. Pay for itself. For example. your organization might be able to intervene with an attorney to ensure community interests are addressed. fees for one-day special event permits for the sale of alcohol by private parties. Suspend an administrative practice or procedure at the institutional level. Good policies can: Build community capacity. must pay a fee for the privilege of using that service or product. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.where the licensee or the storeowner or whoever is using the service or selling the product. In your assessment you should ask yourself: what constitutes victory? How will this policy address the problem/have an impact on the quality of life of your clients/members and/or community? When developing policy initiatives. Some agencies develop economic development plans within their prevention policy with an eye toward self-sufficiency in the long term. It's important to compare your organization's goals with the goal for your issue. Find out who enforces what public health regulations and work accordingly. Use a moratorium to prevent a policymaking body from making a decision or even suspending a policy by halting all action until further study. Determine the most appropriate body and methods of community input for assessing the .If a local jurisdiction is being sued by an industry as a result of public health regulation. Moratoriums Suspend a policy until there can be further study of its impact and any possible alternatives. 60 ) The Praxis Project www. A handy formula for calculating fees is to divide the cost of regulating the activity or enforcement by the number of projected "users. Advocates must develop creative ways to fund new policies. Examples: local permit fees for alcohol and/or tobacco outlets. One way is user fees -. File complaints about bad or illegal practices with regulatory agencies. alcohol ads that appeal to children are violations in many states. Developing policy goals All policy initiatives must operate within the framework of your organization's purpose and long range goals. try to incorporate features that help to address your coalition's long term vision." Another way is to require the diversion of funds (either funds seized through drug busts.

give them a sense of their own power and build a new cadre of skilled leadership? What do we do to develop policies for seniors? Do we develop a free meals project or a credit bank where seniors contribute skills and goods in exchange for others? One senior can take another shopping. Non-profit organizations must take care when entering the policy arena. groups are working at more than one stage at a time once an initiative is underway. The policy you develop today should open the door and set the stage for further progress tomorrow. another can do carpentry. These stages are not sequential per se. Other things to think about Policy development can be complex. It helps to secure the help of a pro bono (free of charge) attorney to help your organization navigate the process. Often. ask how does this solve the problem? Your answer should be clear. but usually groups wish they had waited and were better prepared. We have to reflect upon and revisit that idealistic place. They reflect the power relationships and agreements in effect at any given time. Contributes to a sense of community. groups will continually "test the waters" throughout the life of an initiative and use that feedback to refine and improve their work. However. We must make sure that whatever we do will. For example. there's nothing like good Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.thepraxisproject. How do we regulate liquor stores? Closed administrative hearings for outlet owners with clear regulations and standards. It's true that the right timing can provide important levers for an initiative's success. When developing a policy. Legal issues are important but they should not drive your efforts. In any case. Take care to keep your goals and community interests firmly in place.more like a gradual spectrum than a straight line. An attorney should be a partner in your efforts to shift those relationships in the public interest. your state tax exempt certifying agency and any grant compliance officers to ensure that your organization is in compliance with relevant regulations. remember that laws are not inflexible or carved in stone. Effective initiatives rarely miss any of these stages in development. help make that dream a reality. Common Stages in the Development a Policy Initiative Most initiatives go through a development process characterized by seven stages. Check with the Internal Revenue Service. but tend to overlap -. in the long run. concise. 61 ) The Praxis Project www. Look to the future.Solves real problems. and 25 words or less. Policy should be incremental and should take you . Which one builds bureaucracy? Which one builds capacity? Lays the foundation for more good policy. I've often heard groups say that they went ahead without much preparation because of some unique opportunity that just wouldn't wait. that place where we dream and see the best in everything. or open community hearings with those same standards administered by neighborhood people in their own neighborhood? Which is easier? But which will bring more people together. What will you gain from this initiative? How will it bring you closer to your ultimate goals? Brings us closer to our ideal world. Poor initiatives often do.

not public funds. opponents and other important factors in the . Stage 4: Direct Issue Organizing Informed by the power analysis and strategic planning. Stage 1: Testing the Waters At this stage. They did.and ways to locally regulate bullets. The ordinance requires merchants to pay higher conditional use permit fees to support an augmented regulatory structure. it must be refined into a clear. they focused on a ban of junk guns -. the initiative is refined further in light of this information. Often. After conducting research on the legislative remedies available to them. The Coalition on Alcohol Outlet Issues wanted less liquor stores in Oakland and wanted better regulation of those in operation. at least. to pay for enforcement. It's always helpful to know about similar policy initiatives that have been enacted without legal challenge or. they wanted storeowners. 62 ) The Praxis Project www. When a San Diego community group organized in the wake of a shooting death of a local youth. most groups are focused on the problem and are just beginning to develop ideas for solutions. Remember that you can go back and make changes later but it's a lot easier to get it "right" the first time. groups will conduct what is known as a power analysis to identify targets. It is that first sense that something concrete can be done about an issue but no one is sure exactly what.but not impossible. For example. allies.thepraxisproject.preparation and solid organizing to help a group take better advantage of the opportunities that exist -. It's also important to recognize that policy is a process of negotiation and compromise. for which there is little precedence. The best initiatives come out of residents articulating their "ideal" policy and then looking for the best mechanisms for bringing their vision into reality. the organizing begins. Often. They took their idea to city council who then instructed staff to find a well as create new ones. A key lesson: the coalition was flexible and moved where residents wanted to go. When working on a policy. legality and likelihood of success. their first target was gun control. First ordinances are usually more conservatively written and less comprehensive than those that follow it. In their ideal policy. Stage 3: Strategy and Analysis Once the initiative has been identified. much of the organizing for living wage campaigns Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. a number of approaches are "tested" and screened for community support. upheld in court. making a case for a new policy can be tough -. remember that local governments are often afraid to be the first jurisdiction to adopt a new. it helps to decide early on what you can give up and what's non-negotiable. Without some precedence. untested ordinance. organizing is usually done through outreach to other organizations. In any case. practical policy initiative. Living wage coalitions omitted construction work from their initiatives as a strategic and political consideration. Stage 2: Defining the Initiative Once the primary issue is defined. In city or countywide campaigns without a neighborhood focus.

In Los Angeles. Some organizations like the Community Coalition and the Coalition on Alcohol Outlet Issues got intervenor status in litigation directed toward their city government. advocacy organizations and affected (unorganized) employees. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. It is during this stage that media work also begins in earnest. Working with policymakers is an "inside" game but it need not mean getting disconnected from grassroots support. For initiatives with powerful opposition. and fitting the new policy in with other staffing priorities. Stage 5: In the Belly of "The Beast" At some point in every initiative.focused on unions. However. before direct advocacy begins. the work begins to get the new law enforced. interpretation of particular clauses. Neighborhood oriented campaigns tend to conduct more canvassing operations. celebration and evaluation is definitely in order. Numerous policy initiatives skip stage four and therefore suffer from inadequate grassroots support because not enough attention was paid to community organizing. They focus on neighborhoods with problem liquor stores in order to build a solid base of support among those most affected by the issue. negotiation continues around issues like the timeline for implementing the policy. All Phases Are Important One common mistake is to launch policy initiatives without any preparation or prior analysis as required in the first three stages of development. Prepare for the possibility of litigation at the beginning of the initiative and be ready to play an active role in any legal action even if the local government (and not your group) is the defendant. 63 ) The Praxis Project www. Stage 7: Enforcement After the policy is enacted and clear of court hurdles. the Community Coalition for Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment had organizers go door-to-door and hosts house parties as neighborhood meetings. Baltimore's Citywide Liquor Coalition made sure their attorney worked closely with the City Attorney throughout the process making sure to carefully craft public testimony with an eye toward building a strong public record in preparation for the inevitable litigation. as it is easy to get caught up in the politics of the bureaucracy. for most . If you do you'll confuse the people you're working with and you become untrustworthy. As veteran organizer Greg Akili often says. Always go in groups and rotate the people who attend the meetings so that you build leadership and confidence. Stay connected. advocates must meet with policymakers and begin the long process of getting the policy enacted. soon after the partying is over. working with policymakers. Advocates in this case often go directly to stage five. without grassroots support or even public awareness of their efforts in hopes that policymakers will be swayed by the "sensibility" of their initiative. negotiations and accountability sessions. This stage is characterized by intensive work with city or county staff. the litigation begins. It is important to stay focused on the group's initial goals during this phase. It is important to maintain grassroots involvement throughout this process.thepraxisproject." Stage 6: Victory and Defense If an initiative is lucky enough to get enacted. "Don't start to talk like them or take on their ways.

However. A search of the various social science indexes or a guided "surf" on the Internet can be very helpful in this regard. The group had a warm relationship with the administrator but had not thought through the implications of such a policy on staff resources. and where they go to consume it. There are an incredible amount of studies that have never been widely disseminated that can support progressive initiatives. the number of youth alcohol related arrests. Research can shed light on existing policy initiatives and suggest new ones. It was an honest mistake. for ." The difference is community-based research. surveys. They took their initiative directly to a local policymaker without building support. identifying allies or even working through the details of their initiative. It can direct how the policy should be targeted by providing detailed information about the problem. policy is not about sensibility as much as it is about interests. Data can indicate the impact and severity of the problem and justify social action. The Role of Information and Research Policy should have a strong research foundation that supports the initiative's particular strategy or approach toward addressing the problem. what kind and brand youth prefer. They were completely caught by surprise when the hospital administrator did not agree to simply enact the policy at their request. by showing that some groups are disproportionately affected by the problem. It is one thing to say. One coalition in a small town in the Midwest did just that. Practically speaking. The extra scrutiny can be a good thing as it forces proponents to make sure their policies have an effect on real life issues that are of concern to communities. Finally. This is of particular importance in the case of progressive. Gather as many reports. Using the youth drinking example. Advocates must never assume support based on the logic of their argument or the strength of a personal relationship. it would be helpful to know among other things. regulatory policies as they usually receive greater scrutiny than policies perceived to be pro business. When community groups in Oakland. race relations and so forth. and hundreds more on drug policy. research conducted on possible policy options and their effectiveness in other communities indicated that Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. "We have a problem with youth drinking. Data can guide the development of an initiative in at least three ways. groups can effectively manage these issues and plan accordingly. personal observations and other resources that accurately describe the problem in order to identify effective policy options. Their idea seemed straightforward and simple: to have their local hospital keep track of alcohol related gun trauma. In children and family services. And groups don't have to start from scratch or conduct their own studies. 64 ) The Praxis Project www.However. By doing the necessary preparation." It's quite another to say "We have alcohol-related problems because merchants are selling alcohol to local youth at these particular stores.thepraxisproject. the data establish that the problem is not random but linked to specific social and environmental factors. Initiatives should start with a strong and respectable database. California formed a coalition to fight youth access to alcohol and tobacco they expected to propose policy initiatives concerning billboard regulation. employment. injuries and other incidents. there are literally hundreds of well crafted studies that examine the impact of poverty on children. where alcohol is purchased. research should provide a clear analysis of the issues your group wants to address.

they had convinced their council to pass what is currently among the strongest ordinances regulating alcohol outlets in California -. Another reason to have detailed information to substantiate policy recommendations is that all legislation must be based on findings or a set of facts that provide the rationale for enacting the law. 65 ) The Praxis Project www.thepraxisproject. deficiencies. etc. For example. Every initiative must identify a clear target or decisionmaking body that can enact the institutional change required to achieve the goal. Above all.most of which can not be confined to the .. Target or decisionmaking body with the power to enact the action sought. issues. Protective factors are those which included the passage of a moratorium on new outlets in certain high density areas. City council zoning ordinance? Billboard company policy? State law? Each potential decisionmaking body or Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. problems. Assessing environmental factors in a community means shifting the focus from individual problems to the context in which these problems take place. norms. These findings are important because they constitute much of the legal case if the law is challenged in court. Risk factors are those policies. Having broad segments of the community as target populations are fine for outreach and health education. All communities have both.their efforts might be better rewarded if they focused on alcohol outlet licensing issues. There are different levels and dimensions of a community landscape. Identifying risk and protective factors requires attention to a community's environment. doable action that engages community interest and support." and identifying the assets (or protective factors) and factors that put neighbors at risk. and the media grasp how serious it is. The goal should be easily understood and should meet as much of a group's criteria as possible. A good goal requires cutting or shaping the issue into effective. etc. the group must identify whom best to make this happen. institutions. that are barriers to healthy communities. An initiative plan has three main parts: Goal or what we want to accomplish. The group adjusted strategies accordingly and moved on their city council soon after. walking around observing their neighborhoods with "fresh eyes. Some factors will fit under both categories. In less than a year. policies. it simply doesn't work as well in advocacy initiatives. Activists often identify these issues by spending time talking with their neighbors. or the context in which these assets and challenges exist. coalition. Environmental Factors Any behavior or activity operates within a context or an environment that shapes it. have information that clearly describes the problem in ways that help your community. that support and enhance community health and development. The difference between education and advocacy efforts is that advocacy seeks concrete institutional changes. when developing an initiative to ban alcohol and tobacco billboards near schools. needs. This shift from an individual to an environmental perspective is much like shifting a camera lens away from a simple portrait to capture the "big picture" or landscape that surrounds it. This shift is important because environmental factors can play a major role in proliferation and prevention of problems in a community. This requires some research and information gathering in the beginning of an initiative -.

Once the group has identified the goal and target. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. There are lots of folk to work with and convince along the way. they are ready to develop an action plan or set of objectives and timeline to make it will mean different organizing strategies. (See materials on assessing targets in the back of this section for more information). but they are not targets.thepraxisproject. Primary targets are always the individuals or decisionmaking body that ultimately have the power to grant group goals. Note: Don't confuse target and allies you need in order to . Objectives necessary to achieve the goal. 66 ) The Praxis Project www. Identifying the target is central to initiative planning because it focuses the rest of the outreach toward moving the target to action.

thepraxisproject. Of course. Voluntary Agreements Voluntary agreements are pacts between a community and institutions that outline conditions. The framing of any action is .even though the case was eventually settled out of court. it is important ascertain which policy approach is best to address the issue at hand. Once these actors are identified. money or pro bono legal support). Activists can also learn much from the skillful use of interrogatories -. expectations.Policy Options Beyond Legislation (Adapted from Making Policy Making Change: How Communities Are Taking Law Into Their Own Hands by Makani Themba) Before undertaking any initiative. groups should carefully consider all options before deciding to take on a lawsuit. a well-framed legal intervention can accomplish much in both the short term and long term -. lawsuits. Communities can still negotiate written memoranda of understanding that clearly spells out the conditions of the agreement. This is a good option in places where there isn't support for more formal regulations. Care should be taken to name the right defendants including parent companies and others who profit from the action that the group wants stopped. moratoriums and mandated studies. The four most common policy actions (in addition to legislation) are voluntary agreements. and possible actions they could take to reduce harm in the community.requests for information and documents from the opponents. Voluntary agreements need not be limited to cordial words and a handshake. For example. Lawsuits and Other Complaints Lawsuits and other court actions can be tedious and expensive. It helps to start by identifying all of the institutional actors that have an impact on the issue. The documents yielded from that single lawsuit provided the foundation for years of policymaking -. If an organization has the resources (in staff. Policy isn't always legislation. groups will consult with other activists to identify useful information for regulation beyond the current legal action. In some cases.even if it simply gets the other side to the table. Advocates have a number of tools they can choose from that can be used instead of legislation -. research their role in. Make sure no one ever negotiates alone. Then. It may be too soon to try to address the problem directly so other actions are needed to set the groundwork for regulation down the line. Getting a solid agreement still requires research and organizing. Sometimes. one group engaged in a lawsuit against an alcohol company for copyright infringement solicited items for their interrogatory from alcohol policy activists nationwide. organizing victims with standing to sue Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. Therefore. it just isn't practical to get legislation enacted. or obligations without the force of law. develop a "wish list" of actions you'd like the institution(s) to undertake.or as a complement to legislative strategies. 67 ) The Praxis Project www. It's especially important (since this agreement will not have the force of law) to identify both "sticks" and "carrots" for institutional participation as well as any community power to back up any agreement. Other legal actions commonly pursued by groups include injunctions against the implementation of laws before they have had a chance to take effect. it will take some negotiating and community pressure to actually reach an agreement. At least two members of your coalition should be present at all times.

The resulting data was hard to dispute when it came time to discuss the need for the living wage law. This kind of participation can make a real difference when a local jurisdiction is not strongly committed to defending an ordinance in court. people with disabilities). why not get local government to do the research? Through policy that mandates a study or data collection. In any case. Lawsuits can be scary and distracting if not properly integrated into the organization's overall organizing strategy. alcohol ads that appeal to children are violations in many states.. The first. it also helps to simply file complaints about bad or illegal practices with the appropriate regulatory agencies. people of color. key questions framing the study. and civil suits when an institutional action has a pattern of discrimination or damage to certain populations (i. resident involvement and monitoring of the study. companies are increasingly suing local governments.e. It was the city's own. and the plan for dissemination and use of the . most important rule is to never keep a lawsuit or a company's threat of one a secret. 68 ) The Praxis Project www. resources can be set aside to do a thorough job of information gathering. Make sure to publicize the company's action widely. A Los Angeles. Sometimes. Moratoriums Sometimes you just need to stop policy activity until there can be further study of its impact and any possible alternatives. billboards. Also. labor practices and fair trade are other areas of regulation that can be pursued. groups and individual activists for their efforts to hold industries accountable. dumpsites or office construction. The policy can set parameters for the kind of group or institution that can conduct the study. Intervenor status enables a community group to participate in a lawsuit and argue its case almost as if it were a defendant. In addition to lawsuits. any moratorium policy should use the time to gather more information and assess policy options. It's simply a matter of defending their legal rights. an organization has no choice but to get into the legal fray. California coalition got the city to conduct its study on living wage. find out who enforces what relevant regulations and work accordingly. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.polluters or other institutions causing damage to a community. Pollution. Mandated Study Research can be costly and time consuming. If one regulatory agency is notoriously slow to act. It isn't enough to enact a time-limited ban. try redefining the issue so it fits under the purview of a more active regulator. If time and support allows.thepraxisproject. If the target of the lawsuit is the local jurisdiction that enacted the policy. Common moratoriums include bans on new alcohol outlets. For example. For example. women. redefining a violation from a bad business practice to a health concern often brings a whole new set of actors into play. your organization may be able to intervene with an attorney to ensure community interests are addressed. .thepraxisproject.Developing an Equity Impact Statement A Tool for Policymaking The Praxis Project Developed as part of the Applied Research Center's Grass Roots Innovative Policy Program Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. 69 ) The Praxis Project www.

etc. Most jurisdictions have already defined these communities using some version of national or regional government guidelines. The two-pronged test of strict scrutiny is: compelling government interest the intervention is narrowly tailored to address the effects of demonstrated discrimination A jurisdiction will find it difficult to meet these standards without identifying compelling interest and building a body of evidence of local decisionmaking and its impact on its various constituents. There is another critical reason to develop ongoing measures of equity in policymaking. illness or death.Developing an Equity Impact Statement for Local Policymaking Why measure equity impact? Equity and fairness in policymaking is no accident. Jurisdictions are under "strict scrutiny" by the Courts when undertaking race conscious remedies and "intermediate scrutiny" when undertaking gender conscious remedies. Legislative bodies must pay close attention to the impact of their policies and play an active role in ensuring that both their intent and impact are consistent with a jurisdiction's expressed values. more complex projects may benefit from the input of an organization experienced in this kind of evaluation.thepraxisproject. but are not limited to: bodily impairment. a legislative body can assess whether laws and rulemaking advance a shared agenda of fairness. Larger. In implementing this process. 70 ) The Praxis Project www. which may include. A jurisdiction should also clearly define what constitutes adverse effects on the communities of concern. Adverse Effects. it is highly recommended that the jurisdiction consider awarding an assessment contract out to an appropriate research entity in much the same way as a jurisdiction would identify an agency to conduct an environmental impact statement. infirmity. spread the burden of regulation fairly. disabled. By measuring equity impact in a few representative areas. Defining the concern and scope of the process It is important to clearly identify the communities of concern to this process (racial and ethnic.) and establish definitions for these communities. air. The US Executive Order 12898 offers useful language as a departure point in this regard: Adverse Effects means the totality of significant individual or cumulative human health or environmental effects. noise. . low-income. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. Be sure to include whatever relevant definitions in use in the enabling policy. and help address historic patterns of institutional bias and discrimination. including interrelated social and economic effects.

reduction in or significant delay in the receipt of. and set code and rules for the administration of key public functions like law enforcement. isolation. destruction or disruption of the availability of public and private facilities and services. Low-income. policies. It seeks to proactively and positively address both present day and past patterns of bias and discrimination in a way that truly creates equitable opportunities for all of its residents. Applied Research Center and others have shown that local government Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. Developing mechanisms for assessing equity impact The following is a process that local governments can enact in order to institutionalize a mechanism for assessing the impact of their policies on equity and fairness. and access to recreation. increased traffic congestion. Studies by the federal Office on Civil Rights. University of Michigan. businesses. A set of value statements could include the following: The [jurisdiction] is committed to ensuring that each and every policy enacted reflects democratic principles of equity and fairness. benefits of [jurisdiction] programs. destruction or disruption of community cohesion or a community’s economic vitality. farms. 71 ) The Praxis Project www. fairness and historic institutional bias.and water pollution and soil contamination.thepraxisproject. housing. or nonprofit organizations. Findings could include: Local policymaking is a critical factor in the creation of opportunities for its residents. Enacting this procedure will require that a jurisdiction amend and expand the rulemaking process: Amend or revise jurisdiction's value statements (or develop a set of findings and values) to guide this process. The [jurisdiction] recognizes that institutions can play a negative role in issues of racial equity. displacement of persons. decide matters of land use and land value. vibration. health and sanitation. A jurisdiction should articulate clear statements or findings that support policymaking that takes into account equity. The [jurisdiction] understands that carrying on its business in a fair and equitable manner that takes into account critical issues of bias and discrimination requires concerted and purposeful action. markets. destruction or diminution of aesthetic . exclusion or separation of minority or low-income individuals within a given community or from the broader community. or activities. destruction or disruption of man-made or natural resources. communities of color have been traditionally victimized by institutional bias and discrimination. adverse employment effects. Local policies help create jobs. and the denial of.

The [jurisdiction's] commitment to ensuring that all of its residents have a decent quality of life requires that its residents share both the burdens of necessary negative uses and the benefits of positive uses in a fair and equitable manner. it is the [jurisdiction’s] policy to actively administer and monitor operations and decision making to assure that nondiscrimination is an integral part of its programs. Assess how to use processes already in place to minimize added workload. For example. 72 ) The Praxis Project www. implementation and evaluation of policies in this area. policies. Local budget and resource allocation practices are traditionally biased toward more affluent and white residents of local jurisdictions. The Council asserts the importance of evaluating the impact of its policymaking on constituents over time and utilizing this evaluation in the development of new policy initiatives. and activities. Studies by the Applied Research Center and the Institute on Race and Poverty have found that local governments that pay attention to these traditional biases and act consciously to address them develop fairer and more equitable policies that result in fairer more equitable . The [jurisdiction] will commit adequate resources to support enforcement. As [jurisdiction] is committed to the fair and equitable treatment of all its residents. some required data and/or analysis may already be available as part of a sustainability Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. Accountability to the [jurisdiction's] constituents is important to the Council. Establish tracking systems. These policies are enacted in accordance with several UN conventions including the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination adopted by the United Nations and ratified by many governments worldwide in order that [jurisdiction] become a world citizen accountable to the highest standards of fairness. As part of the [jurisdiction's] commitment to accountability and impact in this area. policymaking will reflect these values at every level of the process.policies play a significant role in this victimization by enacting policies that exacerbate and/or maintain inequity. it will increase its enforcement efforts as enforcement of policies to address bias and discrimination is as important as enacting the policies in the first place. Therefore.thepraxisproject. evaluation and reporting mechanisms that building a body of evidence Developing a body of reportage in these areas will require expanding the roles of the [jurisdiction] attorney functions and [jurisdiction] planning offices to conduct assessments in preparation for the discussion of proposed ordinances. There is relationship between the siting of certain negative and positive uses and the quality of life of those who reside near these uses.

. services. how might it be resolved? 2. How will the proposed policy affect access to livelihood? (affordable housing. so that positive corrective action can be taken. the following information should be obtained where relevant and appropriate: . etc.program or planning ordinance.. color or national origin. budgeting. policy or activity. food access. minor code revisions. increase crime. planning and zoning. evaluate and address adverse effects A jurisdiction should. when the scope and impact of a proposed policy is quite significant. Local jurisdictions already committed to a high level constituent accountability will have effective policy tracking systems in place. Will the proposed policy compromise/improve quality of life? (i. national.) from this added review. siting. transportation.e. economic development. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. etc. Adapt a set of normative questions to be addressed that are incorporated into the legislative process.. a few added fields to the database will make a significant difference. Will this proposed policy affect compliance with regional. A jurisdiction can choose to exclude certain actions (i. and international anti-bias and anti-discrimination policies? In what ways? If there is a problem or conflict. This process should ask at least four main questions: 1. In implementing this process.) 4. When adverse effects are identified. jobs for residents.thepraxisproject.e.) for review. convene key stakeholders and develop additional impacts to be assessed. and income level.Population served and/or affected by race.e. mechanisms for addressing these impacts should include at least the following components as outlined in federal government policies to advance environmental justice: Identify the risk of discrimination early in the development of the program. It should also specifically mandate others (i. emergency services and medical care. etc. 73 ) The Praxis Project www. Which geographic and/or cultural communities will carry the greatest burden if the proposed policy is implemented? Gain the most benefit? Develop mechanisms to identify. For example. . property values and the negotiating of local hiring agreements. In these cases. a proposed shopping center might require additional assessments related to the displacement of local business. reduce access to recreation. school access and quality)? 3.

74 ) The Praxis Project www. socio-cultural and economic effects of programs. and activities. An abbreviated list of organizations follow that can provide technical support to this end. please feel free to contact the Praxis Project if we can be of assistance. or national origin. strengthen public support and input. and individuals affected by programs. and (4) eliciting public involvement opportunities and considering the results thereof. . or national origin. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. there are many other groups out there with great resources. where such alternatives would result in avoiding and/or minimizing disproportionately high and adverse impacts consistent with this rulemaking. where permitted by law and consistent with this rulemaking.. is a rewarding one. and providing offsetting benefits and opportunities to enhance communities. policies. including soliciting input from affected minority and low-income populations in considering alternatives. Policies. and develop policymaking mechanisms that advance equity and fairness. policy or activity. This process. In addition. though challenging. In addition. in any planning or advisory body that is part of the program. color. (3) considering alternatives to proposed . neighborhoods. color. It can help bring about greater collaboration in policymaking.Proposed steps to guard against disproportionately high and adverse effects on persons on the basis of race. (2) proposing measures to avoid. minimize and/or mitigate disproportionately high and adverse environmental and public health effects and interrelated social and economic effects. programs and activities will be administered so as to identify and avoid discrimination and avoid disproportionately high and adverse effects on minority populations by: (1) identifying and evaluating environmental. public health.thepraxisproject. some of the groups on this list have expertise across a wide range of issues but were only listed under two or three categories at most. policies and activities. policies and activities.Present and proposed membership by race. Of course.

org Website: http://www. Executive Director 439 Main Street Suite 311 Orange. President 1776 Massachusetts Ave. NY 10603 Phone: (914) 422-4262 Email: landuse@law. 75 ) The Praxis Project www. 20005 Phone: (202) 662-1530 Fax: (202) 393-1973 Website: http://www.html Land Use Law Center John Housing Policy Equity National Low Income Housing Coalition (NLIHC) Sheila (a very abbreviated list) Land Use and Planning Equity American Planning Association Joanne Garnett.nlihc. DC 20036-1904 Phone: (202) 872-0611 Fax: (202) 872-0643 Email: Center for Community Change Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials ( Website: Useful Gateway for planning issues Website: http://www. NW Washington. President 1660 L Street NW Suite 1200 . Director Pace University School of Law 78 Broadway. D. NJ 07050 Phone: (973) 678-9060 Fax: (973) 678-8437 Website: National Housing Institute Harold Simon.cyburbia.C. Suite 610 Equity in Economic Development Economic Policy Institute Jeff Faux.pace.epinet.thepraxisproject. White Plains.pace. DC 20036 Phone: (202) 775-8810 Fax: (202) 775-0819 Website: http://www. Nolon. President 1012 Fourteenth Street NW.

#4 Chicago. President 116 S. 76 ) The Praxis Project www.thepraxisproject. NW. Washington.Executive Director 1000 Wisconsin Avenue. MA 02111 Phone: (617) 423-2148 Website: Poverty & Race Research Action Council Chester Hartman. NW Suite 1000 Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. IL 60603 Phone: (312) 263-2303 Website: . Director 3000 Connecticut Ave. Michigan Corporation for Enterprise Development (CFED) Brian Dabson . NW Suite 200 Washington. DC 20007 Phone: (202) 342-0519 Fax: (202) 333-5462 Website: http://www. Suite 200. Director 3000 Connecticut Ave. NE..Andrew Mott . NW Washington.cfed. Director 514 .President 777 North Capitol Street.americanharvest. Suite 410 Equity and Fairness in Crime Policy/Law Enforcement The Sentencing Project Marc Food Access America's Second Harvest Deborah Poverty & Race Research Action Council Chester Hartman. DC 20008 Phone: (202) 387-9887 Fax: (202) 387-0764 Website: http://www.10th Street.htm United for a Fair Economy Chuck Collins 37 Temple Place 2nd Floor Boston.ufenet. DC 20008 Phone: (202) 387-9887 Fax: (202) 387-0764 http://www. DC 20002 Phone: (202) 408-9788 Fax: (202) 408-9793 Website: http://www.communitychange.prrac. 77 ) The Praxis Project www. DC 20004-1107 Phone: (202) 272-2004 Fax: (202) 272-2022 TTY: (202) 272-2074 Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. NW. MN 55455 Phone: (612) 625-8071 Fax: (612) 624-8890 Website: www. DC 20036-4873 Type: advocacy Phone: (202) 785-7793 Fax: (202) 466-7618 Website: http://www. CA 94611 Phone: (510) 653-3414 Fax: (510) 653-3427 Website: http://www.thepraxisproject. NW Washington. Briggs. Foundation for Women Marie C. NY 10005 Phone: (212) 742-2300 Fax: (212) 742-1653 Website: http://www. Executive Director 1331 F St. Suite 508 . DC 20004 Phone: (202) 628-0871 Fax: (202) 628-1091 Website: www. Director 3781 Broadway Disability Equity and Access Issues National Council on Disability Ethel D. President 1111 16th Street. Wolfe. Ms. Suite 1050 Washington. 33rd Floor New Assessing Racial and Gender Impact Applied Research Center Gary Institute on Race and Poverty Gavin Kearney 415 Law Center 229 19th Avenue Center for Women Policy Studies Leslie R. DC 20036 Phone: (202) 872-1770 Fax: (202) 296-8962 American Association of University Women (AAUW) Sandy Bernard. President 2000 P St. Wilson 120 Wall Street.Washington.

NW National Association of Developmental Disabilities Councils Charlotte Duncan.rethinkingschools. D. CA 90010 Phone: (213) 387-2000 Website: http://www. CA 94611 Phone: (510) 653-3414 Fax: (510) 653-3427 Website: http://www. 20005 Tel: (202) 737. WI 53212 Phone (800) 669-4192 Fax: (414) 964-7220 Website: http://www. St. 78 ) The Praxis Project www.apc. DC 20005 Phone: (202) 347-1234 Fax: (202) 347-4023 Website: Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.igc.thepraxisproject. NY 12572 Phone: (914) 876-4580 Fax: (914) 876-4461 Website: National Coalition of Education Activists PO Box 679 /itep/ President 601 E.htm Labor/Community Strategy Center 3780 Wilshire Blvd.Website: http://www. Suite 103 Washington. Suite 1200 Los Angeles.4315 Fax: (202) Public School Equity ERASE Terry Keleher 3781 Broadway Oakland. Milwaukee. Keefe Age Discrimination and Ageism AARP Joseph .com/nceaweb/ Employment Good Jobs First Greg LeRoy 1311 L Street NW Rethinking Schools Bob Peterson 1001 E.3486 Website: http://www.ncd. President 1234 Massachusetts Ave. Perkins. NW. DC 20049 Phone: (800) 424-3410 Website: http://www.

org/ Fair Budgeting Center for Budget and Policy Priorities Robert Greenstein. CA 94133 Phone: (415) 788-3666 Fax: (415) 788-7324 Website: Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. 20009 Phone: (202) 265-3263. NE. President 300 Website: http://www.greenpeace. Executive Director 820 First Street.ombwatch.htm Environmental Quality Earth Island Institute Robert Wilkinson. Executive Director 1742 Connecticut Avenue. 20009 Phone: (202) 234-8494 Fax: (202) 234-8584 fax Website: http://www.Center for Budget and Policy Priorities Robert Greenstein. D. NW Washington. Bass.thepraxisproject. DC 20002 Phone: (202) 408-1080 Fax: (202) 4088-1056 Website: http://www. NW Washington. Suite 28 San Francisco. DC 20009 Phone: (202) 462-1177 Fax: (202) 462-4507 Website: http://www.earthisland.cbpp.C. Executive Director 820 First Street. NW Greenpeace USA Damu Smith 1436 U Street. NE Suite 510 Jobs With Justice 501 Third Street NW Washington DC 20001-2797 Phone: (202) 434-1106 Fax: (202) 434-1477 The Preamble Center Kim Freeman 2040 S . DC 20002 Phone: (202) 408-1080 Fax: (202) 4088-1056 Website: OMB Watch Gary D. 79 ) The Praxis Project www. Suite 510 Washington. D.

org/ International Possibilities Unlimited Dr. Suite 1200 Los Angeles. NW Suite 602 Washington. CA 90010 Phone: (213) 387-2000 Website: Transportation Labor/Community Strategy Center 3780 Wilshire Blvd.. Director 1200 18th Street. NW 10th Floor Washington. Deborah Robinson.hrlawgroup.thepraxisproject. DC 20036 (202) 466-2636 .ipunlimited.Local Application of International Human Rights Policy International Human Rights Law Group Gay McDougall. NW Surface Transportation Policy Project 1100 17th Street. 80 ) The Praxis Project Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. DC 20011 Phone: (202) 723.5622 Fax: (202) 723-5637 Website: www. Executive Director 5113 Georgia Ave. DC 20036 Telephone: (202) 822-4600 Fax: (202) 822-4606 Website: http://www.

thepraxisproject. 81 ) The Praxis Project www.Participant Roster Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials ( .

net Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials ( Dalvery Blackwell Black Health Coalition of Wisconsin 2801 West Wisconsin Ave. MI 48224 313-876-4353 w 313-876-0778 f Mauri Carter Manna CDC/Shaw Education for Action PO Box 26049 53208 414-933-0064 w 414-933-0084 f BHCTobacco@aol. Milwaukee. Suite 1-B Great Jaqueline Bridges Youth Advocacy Network PO Box 24886 Detroit.detroit.Participant Roster Vicky Aguare Indian Family Health Clinic 1220 Central Rosa Benedicto Vision Y Compromiso 144 New Orleans Drive El Paso. 82 ) The Praxis Project www. MT 59401 406-268-1587 w 406-268-1572 f .thepraxisproject.mi. TX 79912 915-585-8601 w 915-585-8262 f benedicta57@hotmail.mannadc. DC 20001 202-232-2915 w 202-667-5196 f mauri_carter@usa.

thepraxisproject. TX 78666 877-304-2727 w 512-245-8065 f rf04@swt. CA 90017 213-241-0271 w 213-977-7595 f vgeronimo@apalc.swt.arfreshair. Suite 300 Beltsville. Davis-Joyce Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation 11710 Beltsville Drive.Ossie Colley Manna CDC/Shaw Education for Action PO Box 26049 Washington. AR 72205 501-687-0345 w 501-687-0347 f www. 83 ) The Praxis Project www. 2nd Floor Los Johnnetta Veronika Geronimo Asian Pacific American Legal Center 1145 Wilshire Blvd. DC 20001 202-232-2915 w 202-667-5196 f ocoley@onebox. Maryland 20705-3102 301-755-2744 w 301-586-9214 f Robyn Ferguson Center for Safe Communities and Schools 350 N Guadalupe St 140 PMB 164 San Katherine Donald Coalition for a Tobacco Free Arkansas 200 S.cscs. University Suite 302 Little .org Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.

com David Haiman Manna CDC/Shaw Education for Action PO Box 26049 Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.arfreshair. DC 20005 202-393-6665 w 202-393-1358 f peacepeace@compuserve. MD 21212 410-435-6496 w 410-435-6496 f ernholley@aol./ALF Priority Populations Miller Morgan Bldng/Nelson St. Ernestine Holley Smoke Free Baltimore City PO Box 39117 Dr. DC 20001 202-232-2915 w 202-667-5196 f dhaiman@manndc. University Suite 302 Little . AR 72205 501-687-0345 w 501-687-0347 f Zahara Heckster Center for Economic Justice 733 15th Street NW Suite 928 Washington. NC 27707 919-530-7548 w 919-530-7985 f djolly@wpo.Matthew Haas Coalition for a Tobacco Free Arkansas 200 S. 84 ) The Praxis Project www. Jolly NC Central U. David H.nccu.thepraxisproject.

net Sovath Nhar Socio-Economic Development for SE Asians 270 Elmwood Ave www. IN 46204 317-472-1055 w 371-472-1056 f Amelia Munoz Indiana Latino Institute 445 N. 85 ) The Praxis Project www. CA 95841 916-576-3300x309 w 916-576-3306 f Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. Pennsylvania Indianapolis. El Cerrito.Maria Lemus Vision Y Compromiso 2536 Edwards Tamu Mitchell People Reaching Out 5299 Auburn Blvd . RI 02907 401-274-8811 w 401-274-8877 f www. CA 94530 510-232-7869 w 510-231-9954 f mholl67174@aol. MT 59417 406-338-2413 w 406-338-6311 f Lori Ann New Breast Blackfeet Nation PO Box 866 Browning.thepraxisproject.

org Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. Ste 101 Los .nccu. O'Brien Huron Potawatomi Health Dept.chirla. CA 90057 213-353-1782 w 213-353-1344 f strevino@chirla. NC 27707 919-530-7548 w 919-530-7985 f rrichardson@wpo. NY 13743 607-659-4223 w 607-659-4042 f bschect1@twcny./ALF Priority Populations Miller Morgan Bldng/Nelson St. MI 49015 269-966-1101 w 269-966-1113 f cssa@nhbp.smokefreemd.thepraxisproject. Durham. 86 ) The Praxis Project www.Colleen Rosalind Richardson NC Central U. MD 21201 (410) 539-0872 x307 w (410) 649-4131 f Suzana Ventura Tapia CHIRLA 2533 W Third St. 2775 W Dickman Road Barry Schecter Ithaca Counseling Services 679 Owego Road Deirdre Smith Publications & Media Coordinator Smoke Free Maryland Coalition 1211 Cathedral Street Baltimore. Dave Williams Center for Safe Communities and Schools 350 N Guadalupe St 140 PMB 164 San Marcos.peoplereachingout.cpasf. 87 ) The Praxis Project Wing Yee Chinese Progressive Association-SF 1964 Alemany Boulevard San Francisco. CA 94133 415-391-6986 w 415-391-6987 f Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials ( www. TX 78666 877-304-2727 w 512-245-8065 f dw14@swt.cpasf. www. CA 95841 916-576-3300 w 916-576-3306 f www. DC 2005 202-408-5380 w 202-408-8478 f .org Juan Carlos Velazquez LLEGO 1420 K St NW. CA 94133 415-391-6986 w 415-391-6987 f Jessie Yu Chinese Progressive Association-SF 1964 Alemany Boulevard San Francisco.thepraxisproject.llego.Erika Urbani People Reaching Out 5299 Auburn Blvd Sacramento.

About The Praxis Project About the Organization Praxis Staff Upcoming Training Events This Session's Trainers and Presenters Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials ( . 88 ) The Praxis Project www.

They need new and different skills to enact policy changes -. community organizing. people are turning to advocacy and policymaking as tools to improve their communities. Guiding principles of the training component are closely tied to Praxis' overall commitment to capacity building.thepraxisproject. What is health justice? A community's health is as much the result of institutional policies and practice as it is personal choice. These advocates also need a supportive community in which they can explore new models. 89 ) The Praxis Project www. institutions -. through their recognition of the necessity to fight for it. Praxis uses innovative participatory approaches that bridge theory. Why Policy? Policies determine our quality of life. They are the agreements.policies. nutritious food? Where do governments allow dumping? Who is more often targeted by advertisers with unhealthy products? Which communities have state-of-the-art medical facilities? Which ones don't? All of these factors are symptoms of the bias and privilege that shape virtually every aspect of our lives. practices.that truly support health for all. Praxis is dedicated to the principles of popular education." . Staff is experienced in training and education approaches that value participation and experiential learning. advocates need support in implementing their advocacy and policy initiatives. and privilege into systems . Training: Building Skills and Community Community groups are often trained in service provision.Paulo Freire Mission Praxis’ mission is to support and partner with communities to achieve health justice by leveraging resources and capacity for policy development. This means the Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. or die prematurely. a sort of policy triage that flexibly and effectively anticipates the fluid. social change that transforms the current systems of neglect. The best technical assistance is the right help at the right time. poor people and people of color are more likely to be sick. bias. Technical Assistance Even with the best training. injured. Great brochures and good advice are not enough. legislative advocacy. etc. the codes that shape every aspect of our lives. research and action. education or public health.About The Praxis Project "Who suffer the effects of oppression more than the oppressed? Who can better understand the necessity of liberation? They will not gain this liberation by chance but through the praxis of their quest for it. It will take organizing from the ground up. forge new alliances and learn from each other's experiences. Which communities have fresh. That is why all around the country. building skills is not advocacy. It is no secret that across nearly every indicator of health status. advocacy and leadership. changing needs of advocates. That's health justice. However.

org . Evaluation that Matters To truly evaluate policy approaches. the ability to write clearly and effectively for people outside of academia.thepraxisproject. extensive experience with the policymaking process. process measures must reflect an understanding of where the "transcript" of the policymaking process is "written" (i. so they can replicate it and that process can be credibly linked to the outcomes.thepraxisproject. This requires a fair amount of ethnography and attention to the process as one resembling political science more than medical science. NW. state or local level. in Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. we will work with groups to shift the balance toward approaches that address root causes and increase corporate and institutional accountability. and the ability to effectively translate those skills into the development of an appropriate evaluative framework are critical elements of Praxis' approach. The Praxis Project 1750 Columbia Road. Strong interviewing skills. phone and on-line to respond to requests quickly and efficiently.development of mechanisms via mail. 90 ) The Praxis Project www. We examine the context as well as the content of policy initiatives to provide credible information that advocates can use.e. Who We Serve Praxis is committed to serving community groups and institutions (both public and private) that want to address social issues through environmentally-focused policies. Focus group testing.often individuals who are poor. Why an environmental focus? Most policymaking focuses on the punishment and surveillance of individuals -. disfranchised and/or are people of color. polling. DC 20009 202-234-5921 202-234-2689 www. Research for a New Climate This is the Information Age and research is the new currency in policymaking. 2nd Floor Washington. Praxis is committed to developing information to help shape policy and strategy in this shifting social climate. Whether at the national.. Serving those disproportionately affected by social problems is a priority. in phone conversations and press conferences) and how to make explicit this transcript of events (or body of evidence) so that the process can be explained to info@thepraxisproject. media content and data analysis are a critical part of our research component.

she served as director of the Applied Research Center's Grass Roots Innovative Policy Program (GRIPP) and directed the Center for Media and Policy Analysis at the Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems. Elva was Associate Director/Resource Center at the Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems. Most recently. Elva Yañez. Elva attended the University of California. During her five-year tenure at ANR.Praxis Staff Members Makani Themba-Nixon. 91 ) The Praxis Project www. These activities resulted in a master's degree in library and information management and a 10 year professional career in numerous research libraries including. Making Change available from JosseyBass Publishers. Ms. she provided technical assistance and training to advocates throughout the U. Previously. the Los Angeles Times Editorial Library and the University of Southern California's Norris Medical Library. a national tobacco control advocacy organization. She received her Bachelor's Degree from Mills College in Oakland. she was the media coordinator for a community-based policy initiative in Oakland. Elva worked on environmental approaches to the prevention of alcohol-related problems. CA. From 1989 through Makani Themba-Nixon is director of The Praxis Project. that resulted in the enactment of a ground-breaking zoning ordinance that holds local alcohol retailers accountable for the crime and nuisance problems taking place on their property. Her latest book is Making Policy. policy advocacy and public health. She is co-author of Media Advocacy and Public Health: Power for Prevention.S. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. Yañez was Associate Director at Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights (ANR). Prior to that. a contributor to the volume State of the Race: Creating Our 21st Century as well as many other edited book projects. Executive Director E-mail: mthemba@thepraxisproject. In 1993. Her activism led to her involvement in the early development of one of the first academic Chicano Studies libraries in the U. media. Makani was previously director of the Transnational Racial Justice Initiative (TRJI). an international project of the Applied Research Center to build capacity among advocates to more effectively address structural racism and leverage tools and best practices from around the world. Makani has published numerous articles and case studies on race.S. Elva established the library systems at the Marin Institute and ANR. Prior to her involvement in tobacco control. At SmokeLess States she provided grantee coalitions technical assistance in the areas of strategic planning. at the University of California. UCLA's Spanish Speaking Mental Health Research Center. working on local clean indoor air ordinances as well as statewide campaigns to prevent Elva Yañez comes to the Praxis Project with a professional background that integrates health policy and advocacy. The California Supreme Court upheld this ordinance after a series of legal challenges by the alcohol industry. Berkeley. community organizing and policy campaigns. community activism and information systems. Linking policy advocacy with information technology. Elva's community activism dates back to her involvement with the Chicano movement and campus politics as a high school and college student. Elva was a Grants Liaison Officer with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation-funded SmokeLess States National Tobacco Policy . CA and her Master's Degree from the University of Southern California. An internationally renowned trainer and organizer. Berkeley as well as the creation of a prototype bilingual education library at the Bay Area Bilingual Education League. Deputy Director/Policy Director E-mail: eyanez@thepraxisproject.

state. Salimah Salaam. her experience includes managing a holistic health clinic to a management stint at Citibank. Chávez Collection on Chicano and Puerto Rican Studies and Library Assistant at the Map Library. 92 ) The Praxis Project www. DC native with a love of mathematics and numbers. From 1998 to the beginning of 2001 he was a Volunteer Tutor for Latino kids at the Latino Student Fund program. and local government agencies. Juan Carlos is a member of SALIS. and managed all aspects of LCAT's Information Center and its Marta de los Ángeles Vizueta is a popular educator who has worked with grassroots and national projects around the U. where he performs outreach activities. professional development for teachers and school administrators. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. Salimah brings a strong sense of administrative and fiscal management to Praxis. By providing reference assistance to LCAT staff. Prior to this. the media. he worked for the Michigan State University Libraries where he was Team Coordinator for the César E. and Latin America. He completed his Master of Information Sciences from the University of .org Juan Carlos Vega was born in San Juan. As the Information Resources Manager. he organized. From 1995 to 2001. labor organizing and the rights of immigrants and the working poor. Salimah Salaam has extensive experience in non-profit and corporate management. the National Association to Promote Library and Information Services to Latinos and the Spanish-Speaking. Juan Carlos' involvement in alcohol and tobacco control began with the National Latino Council on Alcohol and Tobacco Prevention (LCAT) in 2001. Marta’s experience includes community organizing and movement building. Michigan where in December 1994 he graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Marketing and a Minor in Latin American and Caribbean Studies. Juan Carlos successfully disseminated the importance of a healthier Latino community.S. Information Specialist E-mail: jcvega@thepraxisproject. Marta is also very active in creating networks for other young progressive activists of color that provide support and mentorship in the development of the rising generation of movement building educator-organizers.Marta Vizueta. she is an amateur potter. Hailing from a varied business background that spans nearly two decades. She is a Washington. youth organizing. capacity building and leadership development in lowincome communities of color. parent organizing. and library and information management. disseminated. Currently. technical support. In her spare time. as well as federal. Training Director E-mail: mvizueta@thepraxisproject. other non-profit organizations.thepraxisproject. Puerto Rico and attended Michigan State University in East Lansing. anti-racist curriculum development and organizational development. She has worked on projects that include participatory action Juan Carlos Vega. folk guitarist and flamenco dancer who hopes to continue her midwifery studies in the future. Substance Abuse Librarians and Information Specialists Association and REFORMA. College Park in December 2001. Finance Director E-mail: ssalaam@thepraxisproject. Juan Carlos was a Digital Conversion Specialist with the American Memory Project at the Library of Congress where he gained valuable experience in the areas of research.

She has worked with educational programs that address issues of access and equity for students of color. CA and her Master’s Degree in Race & Ethnic Studies in Education from the University of California. Jenny received her Bachelor’s Degree in Cultural Psychology from Pomona College in Claremont. and organizing area conferences on leadership. Her experiences both inside and outside the classroom include designing and implementing anti-racist Jenny lends her organizational skills. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.Jenny Chung. 93 ) The Praxis Project www.thepraxisproject. attention to . and capacity for multi-tasking to the behind-the-scenes coordination of many efforts. diversity and community. creating safe spaces for students and teachers to come together for sincere dialogue. She has experience as a school office manager and has organized various efforts in social justice education. Jenny has demonstrated her commitment to social justice work primarily in the field of K-12 education. Los Angeles. She has worked closely with school communities in Southern California and the Washington. DC region. Administrative Manager E-mail: jchung@thepraxisproject.

Upcoming Training Events
August 2003 August 6 Web/TeleConference Series: Youth Advocacy for Organizing Presenters: Ditra Edwards, Listen Inc., & Taj James, Movement Strategy Center Residential Training II: Building Strong Networks & Coalitions

August 22-24

September 2003 September 25-28 PATH Grantees Residential Training

Praxis Training Area Description
The Training Area draws on the principles of popular education and other liberatory, peoplecentered pedagogy to develop a progressive training plan to advance Praxis' goals. Within this work we will address issues of racial and economic justice, working with traditionally disenfranchised populations, changing structural conditions to improve the quality of life, building community power, and institutional/systemically focused strategies, capacity building rooted in social and economic justice. In doing this work, we are committed to providing culturally appropriate translation support as needed.

Praxis Training Services
Praxis offers trainings and workshops independently and as part of conferences and institutes many times during the year. We encourage you to visit our website at to browse our future events (in case you can attend one of them) and free relevant resources that may aid you in your work. We are also available to deliver tailored trainings to diverse groups on a variety of subjects, including coalition building, media advocacy, policy advocacy, progressive youth organizing for advocacy, as well as tobacco focused themes such as culturally relevant organizing and mobilizing tactics for clean indoor air. Please contact Marta Vizueta, Training Director at if you would like more information on tailored, on-site events.

Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. 94 ) The Praxis Project

The Trainers & Presenters
Juan Carlos Ruiz Trainer, Midwest Academy

Juan Carlos Ruiz hails from Peru where he began his life as an organizer -- first as a student. When he found his life threatened, he sought refuge in the United States where he continued his efforts as an organizer in the Milwaukee area. Juan Carlos has been involved in a number of organizing efforts including work in alcohol, tobacco and other issues affecting quality of life at the community level. He is currently a trainer at the renowned Midwest Academy where he works with groups nationwide.

Makani Themba-Nixon, Praxis Executive Director E-mail:

Makani Themba-Nixon is director of The Praxis Project. An internationally renowned trainer and organizer, Makani was previously director of the Transnational Racial Justice Initiative (TRJI), an international project of the Applied Research Center to build capacity among advocates to more effectively address structural racism and leverage tools and best practices from around the world. Prior to that, she served as director of the Applied Research Center's Grass Roots Innovative Policy Program (GRIPP) and directed the Center for Media and Policy Analysis at the Marin Institute for the Prevention of Alcohol and Other Drug Problems. Makani has published numerous articles and case studies on race, media, policy advocacy and public health. She is co-author of Media Advocacy and Public Health: Power for Prevention, a contributor to the volume State of the Race: Creating Our 21st Century as well as many other edited book projects. Her latest book is Making Policy, Making Change available from JosseyBass Publishers.

Liz Towne, Senior Council, Alliance for Justice E-mail:

Liz Towne is an Attorney with the Nonprofit Advocacy Project at Alliance for Justice. The Nonprofit Advocacy Project seeks to strengthen the capacity of the public interest community to influence public policy by providing workshops, legal guides, technical assistance, and public education. Before joining Alliance for Justice, Liz served in the Clinton Administration in the Office of General Counsel at the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Prior to HUD, she was counsel to Gore 2000, Inc., Clinton/Gore ’96, and the March Fund for Cancer Education. She received a J.D. from D.C. School of Law in Washington, D.C. and a B.S. from SUNY @ Brockport in Brockport, NY.

Marta Vizueta, Praxis Training Director E-mail:

Marta de los Ángeles Vizueta is a popular educator who has worked with grassroots and national projects around the U.S. and Latin America. Marta’s experience includes community organizing and movement building, capacity building and leadership development in lowincome communities of color, anti-racist curriculum development and organizational development. She has worked on projects that include participatory action research, parent organizing, professional development for teachers and school administrators, youth organizing, labor organizing and the rights of immigrants and the working poor.

Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. 95 ) The Praxis Project

Other Resources

Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. 96 ) The Praxis Project

) The Persistence of White Privilege and Institutional Racism in US Policy: A Report on US Government Compliance with the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. Healthier Tobacco Free Communities Together (Complete Draft— Pre State Approval and Edits!) Publications and Presentations • Publications and Tools from Capacity Building Among Community-Based Reproductive Health Programs in Communities of African Descent Initiative Clean Indoor Air and Communities of Color: Challenges and Opportunities.N.Publications and Resources available at www. November 2002 o o • Background Paper (95K) PowerPoint Presentation (178K) • Themba. 551K)] Using the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICER) to Advance Human Rights At Home Policy Options Beyond Legislation Advocating for Tobacco Policy Change Building Diverse Community-Based Coalitions Developing an Equity Impact Statement: A Tool for Local Policymaking Developing a Policy Initiative A Good Framing Strategy Capability Index: Assessing Individual Assets Getting Ready for Media Advocacy Defensive Framing Media Planning Template Ujima Action Guide: African Americans Building Stronger. (ed.ThePraxisProject. M. Elva Yañez. The Praxis Project. Applied Research Center Transnational Racial Justice Tools for Advocates • • • • • • • • • • • • • Fighting Back on Budget Cuts: A Tool Kit [online version] [print version (PDF. 97 ) The Praxis Project www. 2000 Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials ( • . Are Jurisdictions with Significant Concentrations of Communities of Color More or Less Likely to Have Tobacco Control Ordinances? (Paper presented at National Conference on Tobacco or Health) Themba. M.N.thepraxisproject.

R. by Darold Johnson and Makani Themba (108K) World Health Organization Regional Committee for . Copenhagen.N. M. Fifty-second Session. 98 ) The Praxis Project www.G. and Robinson. R. Crossing Substances for Common Interests Robinson.• • Themba. TECHNICAL BRIEFING: HEALTH IMPACT ASSESSMENT—A tool to include health on the agenda of other sector Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p.G. Presentation on Community Competency o o PowerPoint Presentation (3MB) Background Paper (77K) • A Grassroots Advocates Guide to Participating in the Local Government Budget Process.

Used as a text in many of the leading schools of social work.95. CA 92799 800/354-5348 714-545-2526 714-545-1572 F Discounted prices are often available if you order on line directly from Amazon. How To Order List Price: $23. Now in its 2001 third edition. 99 ) The Praxis Project www. Seven Locks ."Organizers! This is the book you have been waiting for. Santa Ana. Reduced prices for bulk orders are available through the publisher. PO Box Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. this 425 page manual covers every aspect of Direct Action Organizing.thepraxisproject." Heather Booth A book that belongs in the hands of every progressive organizer.midwestacademy. Partial Table Of Contents o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o The Fundamentals Of Direct Action Organizing Developing a Strategy Organizing Models: The underlying structure of organization Building and Joining Coalitions Developing Leadership Using The Media Working With Religious Organizations and with unions Public Speaking Working With Community Organization Boards On Line Research and Tactical Investigation Grass Roots Fundraising Supervision Administrative Systems The New Economy And lots more.COM Website: www.

100 ) The Praxis Project www.thepraxisproject.About Harpers Ferry Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials ( .

In December of that year.Harpers Ferry History Searching for stories and. "His zeal in the cause of freedom was infinitely superior to mine. I could live for the slave. His will. the moral. and gave its name to the settlement. Here he established a ferry. John Brown could die for him. simplicity. Once they had. all that portion of the colony of Virginia. They offered to purchase some of the surrounding farms to divert attention from the true purpose of their presence in the area. and a thousand pikes with which to arm the slaves he was sure were going to rally to him. pretending to be prospectors. on the east by the Blue Ridge Mountains. Brown’s favorite Biblical passage was Hebrews 9:22 .org . the aids and obstacles. Robert Harper later built a gristmill on the Shenandoah River. which was operated for a number of years. settled at the junction of the Shenandoah and Potomac rivers. Thirty years before the Hilltop House Hotel existed. were opposed to slavery and seceded. "even though it be like the last victory of Samson. John Brown. the aims and longings. who had declined Brown’s personal invitation to take part in his raid. the county court was organized and held its first sitting. the struggles. the occupations and amusements. physical. changed his name to Isaac Smith and spread the word he was in the cattle business." Douglass wrote of Brown." Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. the efforts. which lay west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. it was located in the state of Virginia. "I expect to effect a mighty conquest. an area originally occupied by different tribes of Native Americans. As a part of his pretense. his was as the burning sun. bearded like an Old Testament prophet. an educator of the blind and a veteran of the Greek revolt against the Turks. led a tiny army of five black and thirteen white men into the village. Records of the daily life of these early settlers reflect the needs. He rented a property known as the Kennedy Farm and circulated the story of a plan to engage in the mining business. the trials. called the Eastern Panhandle. In the year 1745. proved in Berkeley county 15th October 1782. and Frederick Douglass. VA court records 1745-1800) In 1862 those Virginians who resided in the western area of the state."without shedding of blood is no remission (of sin)" and his willingness to risk the shedding of his own blood in that cause had won him the ardent but clandestine support of a small network of northern abolitionists who could not bring themselves actually to take up arms against the institution they loathed. When Robert Harper settled in the area.thepraxisproject. dated 26th September. believing it suicidal. Robert Harper . 1859 John Brown arrived in Harpers Ferry. a Unitarian minister in Boston. was erected into a County which was named Augusta. Joseph Harper. Pauline806@aol. the implements and tools. mentions heirs. the achievements and failures. 101 ) The Praxis Project www.. and courage. the forming and shaping. two hundred pistols. Professor Samuel Gridley Howe. who were children of Robert's brother. the risings and declinings. singleness of purpose. (Augusta Co. 1859. he planned to lead them southward along the crest of the Appalachians and destroy slavery. a Scotch Irishman from Philadelphia. he sent men out into the hills with picks and shovels. on July 3. the beauty and ugliness." he said. Among them were Dr. nephews Robert and Josiah Harper. himself a former slave. It sits on a point of land formed by the joining of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers. including the whole of the present state of West Virginia. the riches and sordidness. Thomas Wentworth Higginson. Harpers Ferry is located in the eastern tip of West Virginia. Prior to that time it had become the refuge and abiding place of a strong body of Scotch-Irish immigrants. and spiritual evolution of an offshoot and a nucleus of a people whose characteristics have ever been Harpers Ferry 1734. "Mine was as the taper light. The bounds of the new county were limited on the north by Fairfax's Northern Neck Grant and the boundaries of Maryland and Pennsylvania to the westward of Fairfax. background information about Civil War soldiers who were in units of either side that were active in or around Harpers Ferry. the labors. niece Sarah Harper. He brought along a wagon filled with two hundred rifles. October 16. or withdrew from Virginia and formed the state of West Virginia. and who would blame himself often in later years for his decision. honesty." Sunday evening. 1782.

and rounded up hostages. a former slave who had hoped by joining Brown to liberate his wife and children from a Virginia plantation. he was found "Guilty of treason. The first man Brown’s men killed was the town baggage master. One of the militiamen present. After that.. and engine house. and I feel quite determined to make the utmost possible out of a defeat.. Lee of Virginia. There could be only one outcome to his trial. Brown was slashed with an officer’s dress sword and turned over to Virginia to be tried for treason against the state. the greatest character of this century. He is not old Brown any longer." Fifteen hundred troops guarded the scene of Brown’s hanging at Charles Town. surrounding the engine house and picking off its defenders. later known as "Stonewall" Jackson. "I have been whipped. a cavalry officer on leave when the call for Federal help reached the capital. I never noticed it before". as the saying is.a captive but a lion yet. John Brown commented to his jailer: “This is a beautiful country. nothing went right. On Tuesday morning. The slaves did not rise. Brown strapped it on. The first of Brown’s followers to fall was Dangerfield Newby. and announced he was as sane as they were. and conspiring and advising with slaves and others to rebel." wrote William Dean Howells. too weak from his wounds to stand.quite as much needed as the old one. Jackson. The court agreed with him and on the following Monday." Brown’s guilt was impossible to deny. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. Lee’s men easily stormed the engine house.. he is an angel of light." Henry David Thoreau saw Brown’s hanging and the crucifixion of Christ as "two ends of a chain which is not without its links. by only hanging a few moments by the neck. "the date of a new Revolution .At Harpers Ferry. he had hurried to the scene so swiftly that he had no time to dress in his uniform. An "Old Lion tangled in the net.. and murder in the first degree." Each of these crimes carried the death penalty. including George Washington’s great-grand-nephew." Brown acknowledged to his wife. 102 ) The Praxis Project www.. a free black. On his way to the scaffold. His attorneys attempted. he detested abolition but had to admit that "Brown was a brave old man. arsenal. among them a contingent of cadets from the Virginia Military Institute led by Thomas J.thepraxisproject. but angry townspeople did. In command was Lieutenant Colonel Robert E." John Brown was taken into custody on Tuesday and his trial was held the following Friday. He lay on the floor of the courtroom. who was made to bring with him a sword given to the general by Frederick the Great of Prussia.".. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow noted in his diary on the morning of Brown’s execution. "but I am sure I can recover all the lost capital occasioned by that disaster. after a deliberation by the jury of less than an hour. John Wilkes Booth. a private in the Richmond Grays. to prevent his being sentenced to the gallows by entering a plea of insanity but Brown was incensed at the idea. ninety United States Marines arrived from Washington. Brown and his men quietly seized the federal .a man inspired. was a young actor.

and a knife were placed in the wall.Harpers Ferry Walking Tour Charles Town is easy to tour on foot. a carpenter who settled in Charles Town in 1796. Vernon. Vernon. a well-known author and poet. During the construction of the stone wall around the property. CHARLES WASHINGTON HALL 100 West Washington Street. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. (Only the museum and properties that are commercial establishments are open to the public).E. Built between 1833 and 1839. With comfortable shoes and a desire to step back in history you can locate many of its most significant structures in about an hour and a half. as well as Indian arrowheads. grew up in Charles Town and was visited on many occasions by his friend. many Civil War relics. including a large formal ballroom on the first floor. was built for Samuel Washington. located at 311 South George Street. including papers relating to the original town survey conducted by Charles Washington. named for the postmaster who lived there in 1898. son of Charles. He married Louisa F. who served with distinction under Confederate Generals Turner Ashby and J. John Peale Bishop. The house was remodeled and a tower was added by Colonel Chew during the Victorian era. BROWN-SHUGART HOUSE 633 South Samuel Street. Of special interest are the cot on which John Brown lay while being tried (he was wounded during his infamous raid at Harpers Ferry) and the wagon in which he rode to his execution. 103 ) The Praxis Project www. located next door to the Brown-Shugart House stands this stately 1873 house constructed by Thomas Brown. Charles Washington Hall burned during the civil war following an explosion of ammunition stored there. Scott Fitzgerald. Walk along the sidewalks of Charles Town and it will become obvious that there are many historic properties along the older streets. this fine frame Victorian has 15 spacious rooms. BISHOP HOUSE This handsome house. . John Young.thepraxisproject. a brick cross in the stonework indicates its origins. CHEW HOUSE 514 South George Street. The formal gardens feature English boxwoods from Mt. Stop in at the Jefferson County Museum at 200 East Washington Street where you will find several thousand artifacts. Of early 19th century construction. Stuart. C. one of the last members of the Washington family to be born at Mt. And even though the two farthest points on the walking tour are just 11 blocks apart some visitors may choose to drive to some of the sites. Chew. FLAGG HOUSE 323 East Washington Street. including a bayonet. a belt buckle. during the time of John Brown’s trial. George and Samuel. EPISCOPAL LECTURE ROOM Northeast corner of Liberty and Lawrence Streets. Jonathan Peale Bishop. built this and other structures. BROWN HOUSE 635 South Samuel Street. F. a saber. The present building was built in 1874 and served briefly as Jefferson County seat. The Flagg House. The Civil War is illustrated through such items as the Confederate battle flag of "Stuart’s Horse Artillery" and other mementoes belonging to Colonel Roger P.S. was first a marketplace and meeting hall.A. in 1798. Washington. was constructed in 1896 by Dr. John Wilkes Booth entertained townspeople with dramatic readings. this was the home of Colonel Roger Preston Chew of Chew’s battery and artillery.B. His son. built in 1883 by Forrest Washington Brown.

added the turret. On December 2. An African-American Masonic and Odd Fellows Lodge for over a century. by dividing Berkeley County. In 1837 the house was bought by Judge Isaac Douglass who built the center. This Federal-style building was constructed about 1810. MCCURDY-WYSONG HOUSE Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. After his death his son sold the house and it subsequently had several owners. R. 1859. the alleged leader of striking coal miners. 104 ) The Praxis Project www. leaving only the shell of the building. HUNTER HOUSE Now the Iron Rail Inn. Judge Douglass renamed the house Mordington after his ancestral home in Scotland. Blizzard. This property. encompasses the site of John Brown’s execution. restored the name "Happy Retreat". HAPPY RETREAT Blakeley Place and Mordington Avenue. MASON/GIBSON HOUSE 221 East Washington Street. Charles wanted to build a larger middle section but may not have had the financial resources to do so. three-story portion of the house. now the site of a brick Victorian built in 1892 by Colonel John Thomas Gibson. LOCKE HOUSE Northeast corner of Lawrence and Avis Streets. William Correl. Gibson left the house to her nieces in 1929 who in turn donated it to Zion Episcopal Church. prosecutor in the John Brown trial. this is one of Charles Town’s oldest stone buildings. 1801. bracing the walls. This courthouse was built in 1857 when county business outgrew the original 1803 building. built about 1795 by John Locke on land purchased from Charles Washington. Construction of the house began with the building of two wings connected by a breezeway. was charged with treason and murder for engaging in warfare with state and federal troops in Mingo and Logan Counties. Funkhouser. The trials of Blizzard and John Brown are two of only three treason trials held in the United States prior to World War II. Work on the old courthouse building had begun soon after the Virginia General Assembly created Jefferson County on October 26. A later owner.GIBSON-TODD HOUSE 515 South Samuel Street. JEFFERSON COUNTY LIBRARY/MUSEUM Located at 200 East Washington Street. among them a corps from the Virginia Military Institute commanded by a Colonel Preston and Major Thomas Jackson. Mrs. Charles brought his family from Fredericksburg in about 1780 to the place he called "Happy Retreat". JEFFERSON COUNTY COURTHOUSE Northeast corner of Washington and George Streets. Restoration work was completed in December of 1872. In 1945 a new owner. The courthouse also witnessed the trial of William Blizzard in 1922. Note the S-shaped iron clasps that are connected through the building.) Nearly 800 troops under the command of Colonel Gibson were posted to keep order. Charles Washington (1738-99) was only 14 years old when his brother Lawrence died. J. leaving this land to Charles. located Northwest corner of Washington and Samuel Streets. the federally controlled courthouse was bombarded by Confederate Army units. the wagon carrying Brown and the procession that followed moved out George Street to the gallows in a field on the Rebecca Hunter Farm. This brick Georgian house was built about 1900 by Braxton Gibson and was his family’s home. later nicknamed Stonewall.thepraxisproject. (The gallows stood at a spot just to the north of where the house now stands. During the Civil War. It was once the residence of Andrew .

great-nephew of both George Washington and Thomas Lord Fairfax. and one of the county’s first justices of the peace. It was here that Generals Grant and Sheridan met to plan the Valley Campaign. and upon graduation he returned to Charles town to open his practice. 417 East Washington Street. 1911 . Taliaferro Stribling commissioned the construction of this house in 1839. The first show was presented on February 11. the main block of the house was constructed about 1800 on a lot owned by Magnus Tate II. SHEETZ HOUSE Southeast corner of Liberty and Lawrence Streets. Tiffin used a letter of introduction from George Washington to make acquaintance with Territorial Governor Arthur St.S. Built as a residence for Presbyterian ministers in 1854. The brick building attached to the house was used by Charles Washington as an office and later as slave quarters. this house still serves that purpose. Commissioned by a Washington family descendant. In 1798 he left for Ohio with other pioneer settlers including his brother-in-law. Ann Packette. some residents viewed the scene from this house. He attended the University of Pennsylvania studying medicine. PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 220 East Washington Street. a curved balcony. The theater has an orchestra pit. the proceeds of which went to the Daughters of the Confederacy for the benefit of indigent Confederate veterans. Constructed about 1858 by Andrew Hunter. Dr. RIDDLE-MURPHY-HUNTER HOUSE 534 South Samuel . Mrs. In 1803. Thomas Worthington. Dr. England. STRIBLING HOUSE (Now the Carriage Inn). this house was also on the farm where John Brown was hanged in 1859. An excellent example of late Georgian architecture. PRESBYTERIAN MANSE 222 East Washington Street. the Old Opera House seasonally offers community theater productions. A classic example of Greek Revival architecture. 105 ) The Praxis Project www. Clair and thus became active in local politics. a prominent Jefferson County attorney and legislator..thepraxisproject.a comedy by "home talent". Soon after the manse was built a fair was held to help pay for the construction. When Thomas Rutherford purchased it in 1858 he paid $800 for the two-story brick house and the adjacent lots that compose the block between Church and Seminary Streets. and seats for 330 people. Built in 1797 by Thomas Griggs. The steeple was added in 1907. this is the oldest house built within the original confines of Charles Town. Records state that the large sum of $700 was raised. the house has remained in the builder’s family. this church was built in 1851 on land given by John Stephenson. it was the only church in town not damaged during the Civil War. Having served as a hospital for both Union and Confederate troops. TIFFIN HOUSE (Now the Charles Washington Inn) 10 West Liberty Street. the Opera House was built in 1910. Iron rings in the basement are evidence that horses may have been hidden there during the Civil War. For 120 years. the property was leased by Ferdinando Fairfax. This fine example of Victorian architecture was built by John Watson McCurdy about 1868-70. Union General Philip Sheridan occupied the house as his headquarters. Edward Tiffin.502 South Samuel Street. OLD OPERA HOUSE Northwest corner of George and Liberty Streets. came to Charles Town in 1784 with his parents and helped in the building of the house. TATE-FAIRFAX-MUSE HOUSE 201 East Washington Street. he was Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. Although martial law prevented the general public from witnessing the hanging. During the Civil War. Completed in 1787 for the Tiffin family. One of only a dozen of its kind left in the U. When Ohio was admitted to the Union in 1803. the house is made of logs and brick. born in 1766 in Carlisle.

learned that it was slated for destruction and arranged for his client. This Victorian Gothic house.more than 80 including twenty who were born at Mt. postmaster general in 1894 he introduced ruralfree delivery of mail in Jefferson County. James Mason. Wilson (1833-1900). having lobbied Washington to allow Ohio statehood. and at the time of the trial of John Brown. in 1890. was completed in 1876 and was the home of William L. designed and built by J. chief of the horse artillery of the Confederate Army. including fine Georgian mantels and a spiral staircase with a mahogany rail. and he served two terms. Colonel Pearson Chew. Louisa Washington.thepraxisproject. Wilson accepted a nomination for U. Worthington also served as Ohio’s governor. and Dr. The graveyard may hold the greatest number of descendants of the Washington family . he went to Canada to aid in the effort to disrupt the shipping of war material destined for Federal troops. to transport the dismantled house to Charles Town. having attended college with him. an engineer who studied at the University of Virginia. John Wilkes Booth was a friend of Beall. The Tiffin House has undergone many changes. He then joined the Confederate Navy and helped in raiding shipping on the Chesapeake Bay where he was captured and exchanged. ZION EPISCOPAL CHURCH AND GRAVEYARD Congress Street between Mildred and Church Streets. the first secretary of state of the United States). the first in the country. Zion Church was completed in 1851. Dix. Thomas Worthington was elected the first Senator from Ohio. Jr. He was captured. Booth gave readings from Shakespeare locally. Federal troops quartered there during the Civil War desecrated the church almost beyond recognition by dismantling it and destroying the pews. This large brick residence once stood on Massachusetts Avenue in Washington. George’s Chapel graveyard. a professor of Greek at Virginia Theological Seminary. Vernon. Holmes. It is presently owned by his grandson. The stone-and-brick wall that surrounds the property was built under the supervision of John Yates Beall. tried by military commission. Beall was hanged on February 18. Effective Policy Advocacy Training Materials (p. 1865. and convicted as a spy. He won the election by ten votes and went on to serve six terms in Congress. WILSON HOUSE Southeast corner of Mildred and Avis Streets. Congress from the Second District of West Virginia. Other notables include Edmund Randolph and his wife. In spite of pleas made directly to President Lincoln and General John A.S. and the other in 1846. the first one built in 1818. Appointed U. It includes some graves that were moved from St. It was preceded by two other Episcopal church buildings on this site. the B&O Railroad. The second church burned two years after it was completed. It has many interior amenities of the period. that his life be spared.S. and his wife. beginning in 1816. commander of military court. In 1864. Beall later enlisted in the Confederate Army and was wounded while part of Colonel Turner Ashby’s cavalry. He is buried in Zion graveyard. Paca Kennedy. WOODFORD LAWN 619 South Samuel Street. Julia Paca Kennedy (Edmund was a great-great-grandson of Thomas Jefferson and a great-grandson of Edmund Randolph. C.elected its first . Its log construction was faced with brick. 106 ) The Praxis Project www. rose-colored brick by rose-colored brick. D. While serving as president of West Virginia University in 1882-83. and the building was enlarged by the addition of a wing at the rear.C.

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