The butterfly effect of Avatar
10G PON ushers in a new era
China Telecom goes all optical in Xi’an
New technologies give DSL a fresh lease of life
FTTx heralds the ultrabroadband era
: Yue B No. is the precondition for an operator to win the ultra-broadband game. Bantian. Ltd.10148
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. revenue. data. Huawei Technologies Co. implementation and maintenance to equipment integration and service launch that support multimedia/video services. All this will test the access network to the limits. the bandwidth of 20 to 100Mbps is becoming standard. including but not limited to.. video traffic will account for 90% of all network traffic. Besides the basic voice function. Xu Ping Chen Yuhong. Fan Ruijuan. To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law. business. 2010.. Long Ji Pan Tao. The deployment speed and efficiency. To increase market share and stay ahead of the competition. goodwill or anticipated savings arising out of or in connection with any use of this document. Likewise. This is a natural choice if they are to succeed in the home broadband market and improve the ARPU effectively. Fu Yu Qu Haipeng. and teleconferencing. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co. and the deployment of a new physical network – infrastructure that will remain viable for 20 to 30 years to come. they must move in the right direction and act swiftly and strongly. it has gradually incorporated home networking. To help operators win the coming FTTH race. Li Yanyan. therefore. growing 50 to 100 times. Zhang Yufen. from access to backbone.
Sponsor: Huawei COMMUNICATE Editorial Board. Li Heshun. network traffic will outpace Moore’s Law. Xu Meng Zhao Peiru. Zhou Shumin Contributors: Zha Jun. the operator will face challenges like never before. design. Ltd. Longgang. security management. Luo Jie E-mail: HWtech@huawei. among others. Cai Tao. FTTH has come to the rescue. It involves site re-planning. Uniquely tailored to meet potential future demands and challenges. Luo Wenbin. You Yinyong. Xu Peng.
Zha Jun President of Huawei Network Product Line
. All rights reserved. the ecofriendly FTTH network supports high-quality video services at a low per-unit bandwidth cost. Gary Maidment. Xue Hua. Consultants: Hu Houkun. In the coming 5 years. Li Xuefeng. In building this brand-new fiber network. no warranties of any kind. ultra-broadband network deployment and business success do not happen overnight. the ONT terminal has evolved from a bridge connector to a home gateway. or lost profits. either express or implied. Zhu Hong. Gao Ge.com) Editors: Liu Zhonglin. Ranajit Sankar Dam Mike Bossick. or consequential damages. Featuring high capacity. China Publication registration No. ODN redesign. we present Huawei’s cutting-edge SingleFAN solution. and is thus the ideal choice for operators the world over. NO WARRANTY The contents of this document are for information purpose only. HDTV.com Tel: +86 755 28789348. the solution employs superior speed and efficiency. are made in relation to contents of this document. Yao Haifei. in no case shall Huawei Technologies Co. Huawei Industrial Base. ICT players are all the time faced with challenges resulting from technological progress and business innovation. FTTH deployments have exploded worldwide thanks to maturing technologies and dropping costs plus government support and telecom market deregulation. Ye Xiaoming. Lin Wei Zhou Feng. becoming the point of control for access to a home network. and provided “as is”. Shenzhen 518129. Ding Yun. these two factors determine who wins. Ltd be liable for any special.Efficiency makes the difference
Speed and efficiency decide the outcome of a game or a sporting event. From the application perspective. Ltd. the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. indirect. storage. Zhu Yonggang Editor-in-Chief: Gao Xianrui (sally@huawei. 3D video. Xu Zhijun. However. compared with the current 40%. 28789343 Fax: +86 755 28787923 Address: B1. Zhang Hongxi. in the highly competitive ICT industry. Wang Huaidong. incidental. Zhu Wenli. As network traffic is increasingly dominated by large-screen video services such as IPTV. Xu Wenwei. Except as required by applicable laws.. Operators are thus prompted to develop digital and smart home applications and build a ubiquitous network platform for these applications. from infrastructure planning. Huang Zhuojian. FTTH network deployment differs from traditional copper network construction..
Backed by mature technology.
By Zhou Feng & Liu Zhonglin
02 Maxis cooperates with Huawei to build and manage its Next-Generation High-Speed Internet network
03 Ron Kline from Ovum’s Research:
Evolution – a new stage for metro and backbone networks
By Michael Huang
Fiber-optic broadband hits top gear
By Li Heshun
05 Yoichi Maeda. the chairman of ITU-T Study Group 15:
10G PON ushers in a new era
By Lin Wei
Big screen. wide coverage.What’s inside:
P. and low cost solution that is eco-friendly and can smoothly bear video services. government support.43
The age of fiber: FTTx heralds the ultra-broadband era
FTTx has emerged as a high capacity. reduced costs.03
01 BT fuels super-fast broadband deployment
P. FTTx is the new optimum choice for operators. high bandwidth make the perfect combo
By Nan Ningxuan
10G PON: steady steps towards commercial use
By Ao Li
The butterfly effect of Avatar
By Huang Ye
. and increasingly open policies.
an intelligent fiber network manager
By Li De
Efficient FTTx O&M: a checklist
By Luo Jie & Zhang Yufen
China Telecom Quanzhou champions FTTx
By Wang chong & Xiao Bingyan
From GPON to 10G GPON
By Wu Huazhong & Zhao Ming
A closer look: mass FTTH ODN deployment
By Xue Qiang. Based on in-depth analysis of the matters that lie close to your heart.Let’s COMMUNICATE beyond technology and share understandings of the latest industry trends. China Telecom
The iODN. China Unicom
New technologies give DSL a fresh lease of life
By Fang Liming & Long Guozhu
Carbon efficiency evaluation of FTTx deployment
By Anders & Gianluca
What lies below eTOM level 3?
By Li Sihao & Chen Qibiao
. successful operational cases.07
Bringing Shanghai up to speed
By Pan Tao
SingleFAN: the beauty of simplicity
By Huang Xinqiang
China Telecom goes all optical in Xi’an
By Li Enhong. leading technologies and more.33
P. we will help you stay on top in the competitive telecom industry.
How to Operate
27 China Telecom shares its FTTH recipe
BT fuels super-fast broadband deployment
London, UK, 26 August 2010, Huawei has further strengthened its strategic partnership with BT by providing a number of access products to support BT’s Openreach division in the deployment of the company’s new national fibre network. BT is planning to spend an extra £1 billion on its nextgeneration broadband network to bring super-fast broadband to two-thirds of UK households by 2015, subject to an acceptable environment for investment. As one of BT’s strategic partners, Huawei is dedicated to providing BT with professional solutions to fulfill the requirements of BT’s Next Generation Access network. Huawei’s unique SingleFAN solution is based on an open and unified platform, enabling Openreach to significantly reduce operation and maintenance costs. Huawei’s SingleFAN solution also offers a future-proof platform for communications providers using the Openreach network to roll out multi-play services to residential and business customers.
Qtel begins roll out process for FTTH in Qatar
D o h a , Q a t a r, 3 0 A u g u s t 2010, Qtel announced that it has begun the implementation of its programme for FTTH, which aims to connect homes in Qatar with high-speed fibre connections over the next three years. The FTTH programme was announced in March 2010, and with the rollout starting August 2010, Qtel is on track to hit its ambitious target. As part of the programme, Qtel has selected Huawei as its technology partner. The programme is the largest infrastructure project of its kind ever carried out by Qtel. As part of the FTTH programme, existing copper connections will be replaced by high-speed fibre connections, and homes and businesses will get direct connections to ensure that everyone can benefit. T h e p ro c e s s , w h i c h w i l l continue throughout the year and into 2012, will be undertaken in cooperation with all relevant authorities and government bodies, to minimize inconvenience. Qtel is also set to support a nationwide communication programme, which will help keep neighbourhoods and communities fully informed about when and how the connection process will happen. Homes will receive the faster connection free of charge, and people in Qatar will be provided with the necessary equipment to take full advantage of the faster speeds.
Huawei provides Tata Teleservices with MSC pool
PCCW launches Asia’s first 42Mbps DC-HSPA+ network
Hong Kong, 25 August 2010, PCCW, Hong Kong's premier telecommunications provider, has launched 42Mbps Dual Carrier Mumbai, India, 25 August, 2010, Huawei announced that they have improved the performance, reliability and disaster resilience of the Tata Teleservices network in Mumbai, India by implementing Huawei’s MSC Pool solution. The solution transformed three existing sets of CDMA mobile soft-switches into one MSC Pool without having to make any modifications to other parts of the network. For Tata, a leading telecommunications operator in India, this means that their 1.5 million subscribers in Mumbai are provided with improved service and higher reliability, regardless of where they travel in the metropolitan area. In addition to gains in r e l i a b i l i t y, t h e o p e r a t o r controllable load balancing addresses the problem of unevenly distributed traffic loads in geographical areas, adjusting the ratio of subscriber quantity to traffic volume between the three MSC. This approach can reduce total network capacity demands by up to 20% and significantly reduce CAPEX. The MSC Pool solution has been put into commercial use by 23 leading operators worldwide, serving more than 100 million subscribers. HSPA+ solution and provided service on 11 August 2010 across its territory-wide network, which makes PCCW Asia’s first mobile operator to successfully commercialize the state-of-theart 42Mbps Dual Carrier HSPA+ technology on an entire network. Huawei provided PCCW with an end-to-end 42Mbps DC-HSPA+ network, including a radio access network, a core network, and devices. Huawei’s industry-leading SingleRAN@ Broad solution enabled PCCW to build a multi-layer mobile broadband network across Hong Kong, increase network capacity, enhance user experience, and lower total cost of ownership. In addition, Huawei’s SingleEPC packet core network solution allows PCCW to optimize its mobile broadband network operation, while Huawei’s E372, a cutting-edge commercial HSPA+ dongle, provides an unmatched mobile broadband experience, with a downlink data rate of up to 42Mbps and an uplink data rate of up to 5.76Mbps.
SEP 2010 . ISSUE 57
Maxis cooperates with Huawei to build and manage its Next-Generation High-Speed Internet network
China Mobile completes China’s first 10G GPON full-service test
Shenzhen, China, 31 August, 2010, China Mobile has joined hand with Huawei and completed China's first 10G GPON full-service test over a live network. This test demonstrated that Huawei’s 10G GPON solution is both backward and forward compatible, and is capable of supporting any service and any scenario. Huawei created a 10G GPON network environment after GPON network was then tested using ITU-T G.987-compliant test schemes, which verified 10G GPON's support for diverse services, such as Internet data, IMS-based voice, IPTV, E1 leased line, Ethernet leased line, video conferencing, and WLAN backhaul. Following the completion of this test, the 10G GPON network environment has continued to service users over the live network, with the aim to further test 10G GPON stability and support for full-service operations.
Kuala Lumpur, 26 August 2010, Maxis Berhad (Maxis), Malaysia's leading integrated communications provider, announced that it has selected Huawei as its exclusive supplier for its Next-Generation High-Speed Internet network, including the building and managing of a full-service FTTx network using GPON technologies. This will offer Maxis subscribers fresh fixed-mobile convergence (FMC) services, which will include High Speed Internet services after its completion within the year. An agreement was inked on 19 August in Kuala Lumpur to formalise the partnership between Maxis and Huawei. Under the
agreement, Huawei will deliver an end-to-end turnkey services package that includes active and passive equipment, holistic Optical Distribution Network (ODN) designs, and construction management for the construction of Maxis' Next-Generation HighSpeed Internet network. Upon completion of the project, a network of homes in Klang Valley, Penang and Johor Bahru will be connected on a last mile basis, using fibre-to-the-home (FTTH) wired technologies. In addition to designing and building the active network infrastructure, Huawei will also manage the FTTH network for three years.
upgrading a live GPON network of China Mobile Zhejiang. The 10G
Mobyland launches world’s first commercial 1800MHz LTE/EPC network
Warsaw, Poland, 8 September, 2010, Mobyland with cooperation of CenterNet, Poland’s leading 2G mobile provider, successfully l a u n c h e d t h e w o r l d ’s f i r s t commercial 1800MHz LTE/EPC network with Huawei’s end to end (E2E) LTE/EPC solution. Mobyland with cooperation of CenterNet is now able to provide the unparalleled mobile broadband service to mobile broadband operators and their end users with peak downlink speeds of more than 146Mbps per user. Huawei has deployed a worldclass mobile broadband network across Poland for Mobyland with its cutting-edge SingleRAN@Broad solution. This deployment includes the world’s first commercial LTE/ EPC network based on 1800MHz spectrum with 20MHz bandwidth on one radio unit.
Huawei becomes member of Ottawa Centre for research and innovation
OTTAWA, Ontario, 25 August 2010, Huawei announced that it has become a member of the Ottawa Centre for Research and Innovation (OCRI). OCRI is Ottawa's leading memberbased economic development corporation for fostering the advancement of the region's globally competitive knowledgebased institutions and industries. Huawei has enjoyed tremendous success since entering the Canadian market in the spring of 2008. With a dedication to customer-centric innovation and localized customer services, Huawei has become a strategic partner with world-class operators including Bell Canada, TELUS and SaskTel in Canada’s telecom industry.
DB Systel completes Europe’s first successful GSM-R call
Eschborn, Germany, 12 August, 2010, In May 2010, DB Systel, a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn and one of the leading providers of ICT services in Germany, tasked Huawei with the delivery of a state-of-the-art IP-based GSMRailway (GSM-R) system for their test floor. Only three months from the time that contract was signed, the first GSM-R call in DB Systel’s lab was recently performed. GSM-R is an international wireless communications standard for railway communication and applications. This is the first time that Huawei has initiated a GSM-R call in Europe. To date, Huawei has delivered more than 6,335km of contracted GSM-R lines to railway customers across three continents. The company completed the world's first GSM-R tests at a high speed of 430 km/h on the Shanghai Maglev Railway in 2006. SEP 2010 . ISSUE 57
Expert’s Forum Expert’s Forum
Ron Kline has been Ovum’s Research Director for Optical Networks North America since 2000. He brought 18 years of service provider experience to Ovum RHK and is responsible for overall direction of Ovum RHK’s North American optical networking research. Ron specializes in bandwidth management (DCS and OCS), aggregation (SONET and OEDs), and WDM.
Evolution – a new stage for metro and backbone networks
In an era of convergence and ever-growing data traffic, evolution is required in the metro and backbone networks to help operators consolidate existing revenue streams and create new opportunities. Ron Kline, Principal Analyst, Network Infrastructure at Ovum, shares his insights into the market dynamics and evolutionary trend of metro and backbone networks.
By Michael Huang
Ensuring viable metro evolution
onstructing a cost-effective metro network marks the route to lowering costs and meeting future service requirements. It is vital to choose a practical evolutionary p a t h f o r l e g a c y m e t ro n e t w o rk s a s customers’ needs are evolving, bringing increased traffic to networks.
Mr. KIine comments that, “Operators are evolving their metro networks in two directions – Ethernet and optical transport networks (OTN).” This helps operators support the high bandwidth and fine granularity requirements of today’s networks. Ethernet is quickly gaining favor over SONET/SDH by providing operators with less expensive interfaces and easy connections to corporate and residential networks. OTN enables secure and reliable transmission of Ethernet, SDH/SONET and other high-speed services in the metro network. OTN also provides the similar protection capabilities as SDH which operators have come to depend on. “Metro Ethernet has become a generic trend in North America. Nearly all operators in the North American market have a strategy to upgrade their networks to
support Ethernet. These differ depending on direction; some would utilize Ethernet over copper, while others want only fiberbased Ethernet using native Ethernet protocols, or apply Ethernet over SONET. It’s a very mixed environment, yet the trend is to move to a more intelligent service like VPLS, as opposed to the standard Ethernet private line service.” In emerging markets, he envisages more green-field applications and expects greater application of aggregation equipment, such as converged packet optical (CPO), that incorporates SDH/ SONET, Ethernet and WDM in a single platform, instead of traditional standalone network elements like MSPP, Ethernet switches and metro WDM.
Cost-effective metro network
Many operators are in the process of evolving their metro networks, though challenges remain – the largest involves constructing an economical metro network. “Operators must grow a costeffective network, while remaining backwards compatible with the things t h a t a re m a k i n g m o n e y n ow. It’s evolution, not revolution.” For SDH/SONET, Mr. Kline views that operators need a reliable migration path to provide next generation services. Whether it is Ethernet over SDH/ SONET or IP over Ethernet, “Operators
SEP 2010 . ISSUE 57
huawei. upgrade software and provide the needed functionalities at lower costs. “It is easier to put another card in an SDH/SONET box than put in a new box of another type of technology. “Bandwidth management comes in a number of different places on a network. and are adding more T1s to their sites to expand bandwidth. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned.” The Huawei network product line did quite well in 2009. ISSUE 57
. going through 2014 and beyond. which picked up substantially over the second half of 2009. Huawei has performed very well in the 40G area gaining many customers in 2009. however. Huawei has outperformed other vendors to become No. By bypassing routers. such as Ethernet layer 2 switching. Kline comments that.
Developing the backbone
I n No r t h A m e r i c a . We’re starting to see some interesting activities in this area. Regarding the IP and OTN synergy solution lunched by Huawei. and link protection. Mr. SDH/SONET will live on for quite a long time. though not yet in North America.1 in the optical network area. In this context.” “Another major trend is the continued growth of routers and the pipes between them. However. bandwidth management on the access layer is moving towards smaller layer 2 packet-based devices. OTNbased WDM networks will emerge to transparently carry both SDH/SONET and Ethernet traffic. “It will take a long time before SDH/SONET completes its lifecycle.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. which is now migrating to OTN.” A number of vendors introduced OTN cross-connects in 2009 and future applications are highly anticipated.com/communicate. Mr. so they just put in new interfaces. and plan to use OTN solutions to help manage bandwidth and strategically expand their backbone networks. Editor: Gao Xianrui sally@huawei. ”
Bandwidth management is also a key factor to manage the exploding growth of traffic. which reflects a more general change compared with the legacy TDM plus bandwidth management model. however. and will continue to do so in 2010 and beyond – most notably in the higher capacity backbone cross connect. Mr.”
interfaces on the routers to reduce network latency. we saw a lot of growth in 2G and 3G networks that use T1/E1 circuits. as the technology provides quite good capabilities. SDH/ SONET continues to experience steady growth over the past few years. I expect some changes in the coming months as Huawei has strengthened cooperation with its partners in the region. I don’t think it will have a large impact on the network because those T1s go through existing DCS 3/1 bandwidth management devices. “With the help of a surge in spending on 3G in China. SDH/SONET provides a cost-effective method because the equipment is designed for this purpose and is often already in place. the industry still has some catching up to do in commercializing products. operators can redirect IP traffic to the optical layer. including the metro and backbone layers. while its interaction with the IP layer can help operators efficiently free up core router capacity. Kline believes recent tender activity by these operators signals a chance to apply OTN cross-connect in backbone mesh networks. They need equipment that can evolve. allowing packet flows to reach their destinations without going through every hop.” In North America.” The economic downturn has also made operators opt for steady growing traditional networks instead of risking change. AT&T and Verizon are now investigating the use of OTN crossconnects to streamline their network.Huawei Communicate
don’t want to put in equipment and then have to replace it. t h e l a r g e r operators AT&T and Verizon have been very public about their plans to upgrade their networks to support increased traffic. Kline notes that it is “in line with the thinking of operators and the future architecture of their networks. development is moving quickly and we expect that market to take off in 2012. traffic grooming.
“One thing operators can do is use OTN to increase the intelligence of optical equipment. the best thing the operators could do would be to put the higher level 40G and 100G
SEP 2010 . Huawei is strong in nearly every region.” OTN can provide large granularity dispatching. For 100G. at the same time. “Operators are facing increased data traffic generated by smart phones like iPhone. In the North American market. In 2009. and many operators still rely on the technology to support their networks.”
SDH/SONET will live on
Though Ethernet and OTN have emerged to accommodate the growing demand for transporting large data volumes and video traffic. From my perspective.
Shortly after G-PON standardization. system requirements. G. The new recommendation. which will in turn guide the direction of mass PON deployment. was accepted. Future tasks include improving the XG-PON series. endorsed the major part of the 10G-PON standards. great progress was made at the June SG15 meeting. re. This represents the first step of G-PON’s evolutionary path to realizing a low cost and high capacity network that offers wide coverage.987. The meeting. he has been instrumental in the development of ITU-T TDM PON standards from APON to G-PON. The meeting has led the way for the future application of PON to support the broadband access network infrastructure. the G-PON standard has mostly been promoted by telecom operators. the white paper defined the framework.9980. and the supplement. and management and maintenance. and laid the foundation for the subsequent general and physical layer specifications released in October
. 10G-PON supports higher rates and split ratios than the existing G-PON 5
SEP 2010 . It is thus believed that G-PON is the optimum choice for full-service provision and tri-network integration applications. which was held at ITU’s Geneva headquarters.3. Published by ITU-T. 2010.
10G-PON ushers in a new era
At the plenary meeting of ITU-T Study Group 15 on June 11.sup. acting as Senior Advisor. “In the area of access networks. Yo i c h i M a e d a chaired the Optical Access Network Working Group of Full Service Access Network (FSAN). In October 2008. G.Expert’s Forum Expert’s Forum
10G PON: Steady steps towards 10G-PON ushers in a new era commercial use
Yoichi Maeda is the chairman of ITU-T Study Group 15. Unlike similar optical access standards. He now works for the NTT Advanced Technology Corporation and leads its standardization initiative. was also agreed. and G.”
From G-PON to 10G-PON
As one of the two major nextgeneration PON technologies.984 series.984. FSAN proposed the G-PON standard in 2002.987. announced consent of Parts III and IV of the 10G-PON technical specifications.987. FSAN and the ITU-T began researching and accelerating the ratification of next-generation PON standards. Three documents were agreed for the XG-PON G.
By Lin Wei
efore serving as ITU-T SG15 c h a i r m a n . and physical layer specifications for 10G-PON technology. FSAN began 10G-PON study in 2006.988. He believes the 10G-PON standard is making solid progress.987 series: G. amendments to describe 5Gbps upstream. and maintenance. the development of G. It can seamlessly evolve from 1G G-PON and continue to support full-service operations. As a leader of the PON area. and strong connectivity.7 – for the G-PON G. but deliver higher bandwidth. Rigorously defined.2 rev. Chairman Yoichi Maeda. industry vendors. ISSUE 57
and EPON standards.984. he was appointed to the chair of ITU-T SG15 for the 2009-2012 study period for his second term. for example. and exper ts.MACPHY-interface. at WTSA-08. Released in September 2009. the first phased result of which w a s a w h i t e p a p e r c ov e r i n g N G PON1.987. We agreed one amendment – G. The industry expects the 10G-PON standard to be compatible with G-PON.4 Am3 – and one new recommendation – G. service bearing. Since 1989 he has been an active participant in ITU-T SGs 13 and 15. the standard comprehensively addresses issues such as bandwidth. full service provision. G. G.
British Telecom. as 10G-PON technology can protect their investments.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. performance. Yoichi Maeda is optimistic about the 10G-PON standard. fault. performance.5G(U/S) 10G-PON standard was agreed in the June SG15 meeting. not only in the high-value proposals. “One of the most important aspects for operators is interoperability. FSAN was jointly established by seven operators in 1995. and also by the increasing number of Chinese firms joining FSAN. and Hisense. full-service capabilities. Bell Canada. and security into a full management and maintenance system that suits specific network conditions. including Neophotonics.988. F S A N has aggressively pursued a definitive 10G-PON standard. FSAN has grown to comprise over 80 leading operators. Yoichi Maeda was deeply impressed by China’s strength. 10G-PON technology distinguishes itself in two major ways:
World-leading operators have tailored the OMCI standard to their own networking and O&M requirements.
By inheriting the same topology as G-PON. Telecom Italia. and support for long-distance transmission.have developed prototype devices for 10G-PON. This is welcome news for the operators currently active in deploying PON FTTx. have developed 10G-PON-compliant optical modules. “The main body of the 10G(D/S)/2. vendors. the standard can swiftly evolve global applications into a driving force for the industry chain. and vendors like Huawei.
SEP 2010 . but also in the administrative tasks. The essential features of G-PON OMCI are supported by G.
Future interoperability scenarios will be promoted by ITU-T TSB and will be demonstrated in the World Telecom 2011 event in Geneva. optical splitters. France Telecom. M a e d a w a s impressed by Huawei’s contribution. By replacing ONT/ONU modules and adding 10 Gbps interface boards to the OLT. a high split ratio. and O&M can be carried out without changing external devices and connections or upgrading subscriber terminals. NTT. and China Mobile have conducted 10G-PON tests and pilot offices. Verizon.” Editor: Xu Peng xupeng@huawei. France Telecom.Huawei Communicate Huawei Communicate
2009. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned. The 10G-PON ODN system is fully compatible with existing fibers. China Telecom. I think Huawei encourages all PON vendors to work collaboratively for ITU-T standards. The standard enables them to flexibly combine any of the management capabilities of configuration.impl984. fault.com/communicate.
10G-PON technology inherently possesses strong interoperability. and security into a full management and maintenance system that suits specific network conditions. Verizon.4. the system can maximize the commercial value of ODN equipment. Equipment compatible with this standard can provide a combination of voice. and 10G-PON is naturally interoperable. data. including AT&T. and connectors. S i n c e No v e m b e r 2 0 0 8 . China Mobile. This was evidenced by the number of Chinese operators and vendors participating in the 10G-PON standard from the outset.988 has developed directly from G. Analysts expect the industry’s concerted efforts to catalyze the launch of 10G-PON products on a small scale in 2011 to meet soaring bandwidth demands.4 and G.984. Optical module vendors.including Huawei .
Commercialization driven by industry strength
As one of the most influential organizations in the current optical access arena. thus cutting investment costs through economies of scale and consolidating FTTx network development.”
Smooth evolution and superb interoperability
In addition to a range of advanced features such as high bandwidth. During the standard-setting process.” World-leading operators have tailored the OMCI standard to their own networking and O&M requirements. China Unicom. The technology can seamlessly evolve from PON to 10G-PON. Source Photonics. and chip makers. To date. The organization sought to propose optical
access solutions and develop a standard for optical access network equipment. I n p a r t i c u l a r. 10G-PON can coexist seamlessly with G-PON or EPON. “I would like to express my sincere thanks and appreciation to Huawei’s contribution and leadership in the G-PON and XG-PON1 standardization work. As well as giving operators a worldwide purchasing platform. and leading equipment vendors . Telefonica. The standard enables them to flexibly combine any of the management capabilities of configuration. By this time. M r. The draft recommendations have already entered the last call comments in the AAP approval process and will be completed soon. G.huawei. ISSUE 57
. and image service capabilities. Telefonica. the main body of the 10G-PON standard had been on the way to be gradually ratified.
Standardization and ecosystem of 10G PON
10G PON inherits the XPON technology roadmap. Deployed on a massive scale. signifying the beginning of the 10Gbps era.
10G PON: steady steps towards commercial use
The June 2010 ITU-T SG15 Meeting in Geneva concluded with the ratification of a series of 10G GPON international standards. Soon after. Those ratifications marked the standardization of the two leading PON technologies – 10G EPON and 10G GPON – is now almost complete. the two technologies emerged as market leaders during the next three years. ISSUE 57
. In Sep 2009. the IEEE and FSAN/ITU-T proposed EPON and GPON concepts. but OFDM and OCDMA technologies are the likely candidates in the PON area. the evolution of PON technology has three other stages starting with the past and the next decades.
By Ao Li
Evolutionary roadmap for PON technology
n addition to the narrowband PON and BPON technologies developed by the ITU-T last centur y. Also. the ITU-T launched an initiative to set 10G GPON standards based on the GPON technology roadmap and formulated a series of standards in mid-2010.x) and 10G
SEP 2010 . ushering PON technology into the 1Gbps era. when Japan first adopted EPON technology. Stage 3: Post-10G PON era. Driven by the
growing demand for bandwidth and increasing market competition and given a combination of industry maturity and cost. Vice-director of the Communications Standards Research Center of the China Academy of Telecommunication Research at Ministry of Information and Industry Technology.3av) based on the EPON standard a n d i s c u r re n t l y d e ve l o p i n g 1 0 G EPON interoperability specifications (SIEPON). WDM and WDM/TDM-based technologies may represent the trend. The ITU-T has established GPON-based 10G GPON technology specifications (G. the research on 10G PON technologies has reached a whole new level within just two years.987. The IEEE has drafted 10G EPON specifications (802. The industry is placing high expectations on the ecosystem maturity and commercialization of 10G PON. and released the 10G EPON standard in September 2009. It remains unclear which technologies will be applied in the post-10G PON era. Stage 1: In 2001 and 2002. The IEEE continued with the previous technology roadmap that slightly extends Ethernet technology. but has no plans to delve into this area. the 10G EPON standard was approved by the IEEE.Expert’s Forum Expert’s Forum
10G PON: Steady steps towards commercial use
Ao Li currently serves as the member of the Chinese expert panel in ITU-T SG15. both EPON and GPON technologies and the ecosystem have matured. the IEEE and FSAN/ITU-T began researching 10G PON technology in 2008. Since 2004. FSAN has explored the topic but has yet to arrive at any concrete conclusions. Vice-chairman and AN workgroup leader of the Transport Network and Access Network Technology Committee of China Communications Standards Association. Stage 2: As the 1Gbps PON technology became increasingly matured. The IEEE has stayed at the forefront of PON technology research efforts. 10G PON technology is expected to be commercialized on a small scale in 2011 at the earliest.
com/communicate. the regional service interoperability standards are being drafted. These efforts have paved the way for operators to introduce 10G EPON technology and formulate enterprise standards and testing specifications. some chip makers announced plan to provide ONU and OLT ASIC in the second half of 2011. As there are few 10G GPON devices available. The 10G PON cost must be steeply reduced. 10G GPON differs from 10G EPON. are going to provide a complete range of ASIC chip solutions. tested and verified. FTTB is the most robust scenario for 10G PON technology during the first three years of deployment.988). Based on the existing EPON enterprise standards of operators like China Telecom and NTT.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. SIEPON expects the 10G EPON standard to be swiftly deployed once it becomes available in 2012. In terms of service interoperability.huawei. ISSUE 57
. compared with 1/2. the national policy of convergence in three networks (telecom. Notably. Each OLT port supports 256 or up to 512 subscribers. In addition. and China Unicom. GEPON/ GPON technology can increase the average FTTH bandwidth per subscriber to 50Mbps/100Mbps or more. the 10G GPON ecosystem still remains immature. the IEEE formed an SIEPON workgroup to draft a global interoperability standard for 10G EPON. Service interoperability is essential for resource sharing across the global industry chain. In response. U. Internet and broadcast) is set to intensify competition in
the broadband access market. However. the cost is shared by scores of subscribers and is thereby reduced. 10G EPON: China Telecom organized a chip interoperation test in 2009. PMC.5Gbps for xPON.Huawei Communicate
GPON ONU management and maintenance specifications (G. In China. which were attended by leading equipment vendors including Huawei.
In addition to standardization. And ASIC chips for use in OLTs will be available in the second half of 2010. the cost is relatively lower. the cost of the 10G PON ONU should be lowered to close to the cost for GEPON/GPON ONU over the short term.
Editor: Liu Zhonglin liuzhonglin@huawei. In response to the convergence in three networks policy. and Chinese operators. operators will step up efforts to construct and upgrade fiber access networks. Core chips are not all ASIC-based yet. including OLT and ONU in the middle of 2011. European. the price of 10G PON optical modules and MAC chips are several times higher than GEPON/GPON modules. 10G/2. Under the FTTB model. PT. Currently. the 10G GPON standard has matured globally. have organized 10G GPON technical assessment tests.
The outlook for 10G PON in China
Restricted by a limited demand and high cost. Given a convergence ratio of 50% and a split rate of 1:32. the 10G EPON ecosystem needs further development.5G optical modules with optical power exceeding 30 dBm are available. Additionally. We expect there would be two or three chip vendors. which uses a FPGA-based core chip. like Verizon. telecom operators aggressively researched and explored ways to put the 10G GPON standard into industrial applications in 2009 and 2010. TI. In particular. Telefonica. China Mobile. in general. This lowers the aggregate cost per subscriber to a fully acceptable level for the market. compared with an average of 20Mbps per GPON subscriber. and Opulan.S. Optical modules and MAC chips in MDU equipment account for only 20% of the total cost. In November 2009. This falls far behind the demand for ultra-high bandwidth of 50Mbps or more and leads operators to embrace 10G PON technology. a laboratory sample has been developed for the 10G GPON system. Chinese operators are planning to adjust the strategy and aggressively promote FTTH/O deployment. hoping to eliminate the interoperability bottleneck in global development. FT. The EPON technology provides an average of 8Mbps for each subscriber given a 50% concurrent access rate. Whether 10G PON will become a leading FTTH technology depends largely on the cost factor in addition to technology and equipment maturity. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned. Currently. service interoperability testing and verification has not even started. the 10G PON technology will be applied first in FTTB scenarios. making 100Mbps fiber home access possible. According to the results of current tests.
SEP 2010 . Due to its high population density. 10G GPON: To explore the potential
of the technology. Recently. such as Broadcom. China Unicom and China Mobile also conducted technical assessment tests in the first half of 2010 and pilot projects intended for technical research are also underway. the country is relying heavily on FTTB.
HDTV. and increasingly open policies. ISSUE 57
. and video conferencing are among the applications that epitomize the new ultrabroadband era and demand great things from broadband access networks. Backed by mature technology. government support.Cover Story
The age of fiber: FTTx heralds the ultra-broadband era
The age of fiber
FTTx heralds the ultraIPTV. reduced costs.
By Zhou Feng & Liu Zhonglin
SEP 2010 . wide coverage. and low cost solution that is eco-friendly and can smoothly bear video services. 3D services. FTTx is the new optimum choice for operators. FTTx has emerged as a high capacity.
Etisalat plans to construct a nationwide FTTH network by 2011. Thanks to government support.9 million by 2015. Etisalat. However.5
billion pounds for its fiber-to-the-curb (FTTC) network. In Europe. Singapore’s Nucleus Connect and China Mobile provide us with valuable lessons from their FTTx deployment endeavors. In 2006. Singapore initiated its 700– million-USD iN2015 strategy to construct a nationwide FTTH network during 2010–2012. China Telecom. Deutsche Telekom (DT) announced a 3-year investment package totaling 10 billion euros in fiber optics. In March 2009. Oman. FTTH construction in China sits confidently poised for large-scale inception. the UAE announced that Abu Dhabi is now the world’s first capital to be entirely wired with fiber.. and has a l re a d y b e g u n d e p l oy i n g F T T H . The British giant has earmarked 1.Huawei Communicate
lobal Industry Analysts predicts that the number of FTTH/B users will reach 183. Japan had already passed 13 million households with FTTH by the end of 2009 to decisively lead the region’s FTTx field. and the replacement of copper with fiber. totaling tens of millions of lines. Qatar. China kicked off its ambitious plan to converge telecommunications. The German operator is also seeking to increase the number of FTTH users to 4 million by 2012. As a regional technology leader.S. with deployment scheduled for 2012. FTTx rollout is not a cut and dried exercise in simplicity: Service providers require guaranteed fair and open network access. new mobile communications technologies and IT processes. ISSUE 57
. and China Unicom – have all initiated massive FTTx deployment schemes. Verizon is planning to extend its FiOS service to 18 million homes with a GPON-based FTTH network. In the Asia-Pacific region. nationwide fiber networks are currently – and rapidly – being built in Saudi Arabia. which is underpinned by a 1 5 0 b i l l i o n R M B ( a b o u t 2 2 billion USD) investment to boost fiber broadband rollout over three years. and Kuwait. and CAPEX and OPEX – as ever – have to be minimized. the growth in bundled services. and that this upsurge will be powered by greater bandwidth demands.
SEP 2010 . the networks themselves need to be rapidly deployed to be viable. In 2010. In the Middle East. The big three – China Mobile. BT has accelerated its optical network rollout. FTTx network construction in China began in 2007. Global trends testify to the above analysis: In the U. Additionally. broadcasting and the Internet.
high-quality broadband services to guests from all over the world. including voice.000 users with only a single subrack. Etisalat turned its eyes to GPONbased FTTH. GPON is also Etisalat’s preferred choice for the enterprise market. Etisalat is now using double-layered fiber division boxes. and mobile services. and the region constantly attracts wealthy globetrotters.999%.
SEP 2010 . and cut 2/3 of its legacy central offices. Huawei’s high capacity convergent OLT can support over 16. system reliability reaches 99. When it comes to technology choice. Etisalat supplies over 32 million customers in 14 countries with mobile. Its rapid economic development has doubled its population in just 7 years till 2010. including models. Rapid ODN deployment is key to achieving this goal. enterprise. Internet. uplink unit. these factors strain the region’s telecom services. realizing that it could leverage GPON’s wide coverage to build a higher capacity FTTH network with fewer exchanges. the tallest ever man-made structure. and business executives. ISSUE 57
. Thanks to 1+1 protection for the interfaces. when connected to its 3G base stations.Cover Story
The age of fiber: FTTx heralds the ultra-broadband era
Etisalat: building a flagship network
Boasting impressive skyscrapers and a plethora of luxury hotels. and pose challenges for Etisalat. The Huawei OLT adopts active/standby mode for the main control unit. artists.
Higher capacity. the UAE is a place of miracles. an access network is created for home. Based on this. before realizing 100% national coverage in 2012. and cable TV (CATV) services. the Middle East’s leading integrated telecom operator.4 million lines to create one of the world’s largest GPONbased FTTH networks. To deploy the ODN more efficiently. Et i s a l a t h a d d e p l o y e d a n F T T H network exceeding 1. Complex networks are difficult to maintain and increase OPEX. Etisalat used various types of access equipment and required a large number of copperbased central offices. movie stars. To consolidate its leading position. Etisalat prioritized simple network architecture during the FTTH planning stage. both ADSL and ADSL2+ fail to meet increasing bandwidth demands. Increased single node capacity requires highly reliable equipment. and friendly to full-service operations.
Highly reliable. and VDSL2 inefficiently covers remote and scattered residential communities. Etisalat and Huawei deployed a SingleFAN FTTx solution that will deliver diverse broadband services. Etisalat’s analysis culminated in an action plan to replace its copper lines with fiber through FTTH. the operator recently quickened its pace in the broadband access field. Etisalat used Huawei’s test lab to precisely mirror and simulate the network environment and perform an extreme capacity test on FTTH deployment. each covering a radius of less than 6km. and power supply to provide 360-degree protection. easy to maintain. Outdoor and indoor engineering is clearly delineated
Aiming to offer rich. high-speed Internet access and HD IPTV to Burj Khalifa. Fiber access can extend to 20km. Etisalat will cover Abu Dhabi and 80% of the UAE with FTTH by the end of 2010. fixed line.
Fast ODN deployment
According to its agreement with the government. To ensure rapid network deployment. Consequently. fewer exchanges
Prior to FTTH deployment. By the end of 2009. Inevitably. and a single office can serve tens of thousands of users. The UAE already benefits from rich fiber resources that connect most buildings. which fully satisfies Etisalat’s
Etisalat and Huawei deployed a SingleFAN FTTx solution that will deliver diverse broadband services. The building’s opening ceremony was framed by a spectacular firework display. 2010. and operates effectively even at 80°C. was officially opened to the public.000 network deployment staff in under four weeks. The dustproof outdoor cable transfer box features a protection level of IP65. high-speed Internet access. such as new or old buildings and buildings with or without ducts. which not only marked the grandeur of Burj Khalifa. The building boasts 1. The two developed a scientific subcontractor management system. ISSUE 57
. The indoor products are also dustproof. Etisalat has also introduced a full product series with high-level protection to meet the UAE’s extreme climate. To respond to different scenarios. Etisalat flexibly applied Huawei’s solutions to double engineering efficiency. To boost engineering efficiency. The 828m building represents a marvelous achievement in human history.
Connecting the world’s highest building
On January 4. the tallest ever man-made structure. and a 160-room Armani hotel. Etisalat was tasked with the challenging job of providing communication services for the building. and indicates the government’s decision to diversify its economic portfolio. and updated indoor network deployment processes to clarify responsibilities. but also its strong technological positioning that embraces the ultra-broadband era with FTTx. and provide enhanced service connection rates. Burj Khalifa. Etisalat partnered with Huawei to train 1.
SEP 2010 . including voice. Aiming to offer rich. high-quality broadband services to guests from all over the world. 49 floors of offices. and HD IPTV.Huawei Communicate
by layer to define responsibilities and reduce faulty operations.044 luxur y apartments.
VOD. CEO of Nucleus Connect. Nucleus Connect selected a solution that realizes flexible flow classification
. An FT TH network with largecapacity offices and fewer network nodes would help to simplify O&M. and multicast addresses – are internally assigned by operators. 13
SEP 2010 .
Lower CAPEX and faster deployment
According to the government’s p l a n . the OpCo has to constantly reallocate network resources. the network will carry existing and future data and communication services. i t i s t h e Operating Company (OpCo) who uniformly plans network resources for RSPs. including voice. and mobile broadband services. Un d e r o p e n a c c e s s . Nucleus Connect was selected to design. and deliver broadband access to over 90% of households. Partnering Huawei. network traffic can be controlled based on user. service and RSP. David Storrie. As a result. and Ethernet switch. the master plan seeks to deploy and upgrade the nation’s fixed and mobile networks. As a result. while all the network resources – including the VLAN. The Next Gen NBN boasts a nationwide. leased line service for enterprises. t h e F T T H n e t w o rk w i l l b e commercialized by the third quarter of 2010 and then cover 95% of the nation by June 2012. build and operate the active infrastructure of the Next Gen NBN. ISSUE 57
In April 2009. while reducing costs on equipment room rental and O&M. OLT. Nucleus Connect planned and deployed a nationwide broadband network with an end-to-end solution. By selecting the OLT that supports hierarchical QoS.Cover Story
The age of fiber: FTTx heralds the ultra-broadband era
Nucleus Connect: connecting an “intelligent nation”
Singapore launched the Intelligent Nation 2015 (iN2015) master plan in 2006. As a crucial component of iN2015. Nucleus Connect had a tight schedule for network deployment. the operator can deliver differentiated service offerings. with the aim of exploiting the true potential of ICT over the next decade. Nucleus Connect decided to use high capacity OLTs to reduced CAPEX. Nucleus Connect also built an integrated network management system
Fair and open access
Traditionally. The Next Generation Nationwide Broadband Network (Next Gen NBN) is the fixed part under the iN2015 master plan. believes that ensuring fair and open access for RSPs and reducing CAPEX are among the key factors to success. VLANs need not be re-planned when RSPs are changed. How did Nucleus Connect achieve these technically?
and VLAN switching. IPTV. operators deploy networks and provide services. including the Metro router. MAC. With government support. open FTTH network that provides 100Mbps access and 1Gbps and beyond for residential users and enterprise users. The OpCo also needs to implement hierarchical QoS to ensure fair access and bandwidth usage. high speed Internet access. Given that RSPs frequently join and leave the network.
China Mobile Zhejiang has successfully planned and deployed its cutting-edge network and OSS through which it provides high-grade services. handset-sharing for the same number. government and enterprise users form a huge potential market for fixed services offered by China Mobile Zhejiang. and access devices to achieve visualized service provisioning and E2E service configuration. three examples of which are listed below: Convergent private branch exchange (PBX): A virtual PBX supports various terminals and provides the following services: uniform phone number. “Today marks a historical moment not only for Nucleus Connect but also for Singapore’s infocomm future as we transform Singapore into a global city. transmission. China Mobile has been busy converging its fixed and mobile services in readiness for full service operations. and data sharing. an intelligent nation. As a result. on August 31st of 2010. on Aug 31st of 2010.”
(NMS) for network operation and service provisioning. call center service. which prompted the operator to join hand with Huawei.
SEP 2010 . China Mobile Zhejiang needs to transform itself and address a range of challenges. As its CEO David Storrie comments. China Mobile Zhejiang has yet to develop a fixed network.”
After acquiring fixed-line assets and a 3G license.
Focusing on enterprise users
Accounting for 85% of the customer base of its virtual private mobile network (VPMN). corporate phone directory. Convergent virtual private network (VPN): Enables fixed telephony. shortnumber dialing. an intelligent nation. Despite being a mobile leader. Nucleus Connect officially announced that it has commenced commercial operations to power infinite possibilities onboard Singapore’s Next Gen NBN. conference calling.Huawei Communicate
Following 16-month preparation. Utilizing Huawei’s strong R&D and E2E network capabilities. Moreover. voice portal. China Mobile Zhejiang can sharpen its competitive edge among high-end customers. and automatic call-switching. Doing so requires a highly experienced partner. This service boosts conferencing efficiency and reduces toll call fees. ISSUE 57
. China Mobile Zhejiang selected IMS and GPON to build its full-service access network. Nucleus Connect officially announced that it has commenced commercial operations to power infinite possibilities onboard Singapore’s Next Gen NBN. and contact member management. Through FMC. corporate management. the NMS supports unified management of data. As its CEO David Storrie comments. By studying domestic and international experiences and its own network and market positioning. The NMS provides adequate northbound interfaces that can rapidly connect with the thirdparty OSS/BSS. China Mobile Zhejiang and Huawei have innovated a new service portfolio. These functions combine to ensures that all incoming calls are answered quickly. soft terminals. Following 16-month preparation. Enterprise communication assistant: Includes VoIP. “Today marks a historical moment not only for Nucleus Connect but also for Singapore’s infocomm future as we transform Singapore into a global city.
China Mobile Zhejiang: full-service access made easy
To effectively explore the enterprise market. voice PBX. the service provisioning efficiency has been improved. To cultivate a leading position in this ne w business area.
Engineers only need to visit the site once for installation tasks. China Mobile Zhejiang selected Huawei based on the latter’s flexible and customizable GPON and FTTx solutions. anti-virus software.
Editor: Liu Zhonglin liuzhonglin@huawei. still created many problems.000 subscribers.huawei. after which they can commission and accept site equipment through the NMS. including broadband private line. large enterprises prefer legacy fixed phone numbers and a PBX. however. For example. China Mobile Zhejiang had successfully deployed over 250. which provides broadband and E1 private lines. The ONU supports VLAN translation and QoS remarks and. the deployment workload was lowered and work efficiency was enhanced. the NMS helps pre-deploy network elements. Trade-oriented small SMEs favor a one-stop ICT solution. thus reducing costs and complexity. voice. E1 private line. VPN. By building an access network with IMS and GPON. and realize the automatic commissioning and acceptance of ONUs en masse.000 subscribers. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned.000 FTTx lines and attracted nearly 40. Firstly. the GPON should provide hierarchical QoS and flexible access for various services. and eliminate the need for intensive training.com/communicate. rich services and functions. China Mobile Zhejiang has successfully transformed itself into a full-service operator. China Mobile Zhejiang faced the issue that maintenance personnel would have to rapidly learn new technical skills to realize successful service provisioning and smooth network maintenance. while small and medium manufacturers require just voice and broadband access. can help China Mobile Zhejiang realize uniform network planning and management. and communication assistant. Secondly. Based on the actual circumstances surrounding its live network. The SRG also meets the demands of SMEs for one-stop
ICT solutions thanks to its built-in router. and has successfully transformed itself into a full-service operator. As ONUs can be plug-and-play. once applied as the enterprise gateway.000 FTTx lines and attracted nearly 40. many enterprises have internal networks with planned VLANs and class of service (CoS).
Centralized network management
ONU management and ser vice provisioning differ in full-ser vice and mobile networks. As a result.The age of fiber: FTTx heralds the ultra-broadband era
Flexible FTTx access solution
Construction. As most maintenance personnel still need to improve their skills in fixed networks. China Mobile Zhejiang deployed centralized network management across the province.
By the end of 2009. By the end of 2009. firewall.
lower the skill requirements. China Mobile Zhejiang realized that it had to meet varied market demands. China Mobile Zhejiang has entered the enterprise market with differentiated services. ISSUE 57
. with a GPON that provides access for different customer groups. the MA561x series suits SMEs with its high density voice and broadband access capabilities. By building a full-service access network with IMS and GPON. As a result. China Mobile Zhejiang had successfully deployed over 250. The OT928.
SEP 2010 . and superior access scenarios. the operator opted to simplify O&M. For example. ONUs are needed to simplify and unify network access. The Huawei convergent OLT directly connects to the MAN and MSTP to reduce the number of convergent devices.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. and IP PBX. complete ONU product series. is designed for large enterprises with LANs and PBX. The Huawei FT Tx solution incorporates several QoS mechanisms and provides a configurable service priority for MANs to ensure E2E QoS. Thirdly.
and service provisioning. the lab can provide 4. All test cases can be implemented in a high fidelity simulation environment. verifying feasibility on the live network. the lab simulates the traffic at different time periods and automatically adjusts the traffic volume. Reinforced by software simulation. simultaneous user online/offline. optical distribution network (ODN) and optical network unit (ONU). T h e l a b h e l p s Hu a w e i t o b e t t e r understand customers. upper-
Large-capacity limit test
Etisalat first deployed FTTH in 2006 and is now one of the largest GPONbased FTTH networks in the world.000 optical network units and more than 500 MxUs. ISSUE 57
. and the automated tests greatly boost efficiency. providing timely backup for network upgrades. This highly experienced team of engineers continuously develops automation and simulation technologies geared to help operators enhance user experience. factors like image quality and channel switching times are also important for a good user experience. design and solution-based testing. China. the lab can simulate the traffic on OLTs at full capacity and then offer a solution to take care of operators’ FTTx requirements for the next three years. but requires E2E planning. communication devices are generally verified through black-box testing on an individual basis or through code-based whitebox testing. The OLT should be carrier-class. new applications constantly emerge and the requirements are higher for E2E FTTx solution testing. The lab has a mirrored network environment and high fidelity network simulation for global operators including British Telecom. site surveys. a large number of devices and testing instruments run 24/7. layer server. In a large-capacity FT Tx limit test. router. service provisioning and data synchronization can severely impact OLTs under heavy traffic. The test lab for the E2E FT Tx solution is fully equipped with a network management system. A mirrored network can be established and test cases can be run on the network. the Huawei test lab focuses on the quality of an E2E FTTx solution. troubleshooting and introducing new features.Huawei Communicate
Huawei test lab for E2E FTTx solutions
By Wu Rui
FTTx is not merely a simple combination of network elements like optical line terminal (OLT). Deutsche Telekom. The mirrored network or simulation is updated according to the network of operators.
SEP 2010 . and its capability needs to be verified in an advanced simulation environment and through limit tests. analyzing. For this scenario. France Telecom and Etisalat. a live network can be more complex than originally anticipated. In FTTx networks.
User experience-based testing
Technically speaking. Japan. exceptions are recorded to improve the solution. In the FTTx deployment. feedback. Fo r H D v i d e o s e r v i c e . PON device and terminal. Presently. the lab is staffed with a professional test team utilizing advanced techniques to understand and fulfill customer requirements. During simulation testing. while building a state-of-the-art test lab to support E2E FTTx solutions testing. user experience is related to the actual cabling. abnormal packets. Huawei has been constantly expanding its product series. and abstracting traffic data. convergence switch. network upgrades. and South Korea are also actively expanding their FTTH deployments. provide better services and meet the increasing demand for large-scale FTTx deployment. In the lab. Although the PON OLT features large capacity and high density. while enhancing user experience. b e s i d e s other KPIs.
A professional test team
In addition to strong hardware capability for full-service testing. For example. By collecting.
an increasing number of countries are deploying fiber-optic networks to enhance competitiveness and spur economic development. telecommunications are more than just a basic service – they are a means to promote development. ISSUE 57
. The US has earmarked 7. improve society and save lives.2 billion USD to optimize broadband access.
By Li Heshun
hits top gear
British Telecom is to invest 2.Main Topic
Fiber-optic broadband hits top gear
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said at the World Telecommunication and Information Society Day 2010.” After massive 3G investments. With increasingly mature technology.
SEP 2010 . FTTx is more than ready to give operators a competitive edge and a stronger market position. “In today’s world.5 billion pounds to cover two-thirds of homes in the UK by 2015.
serving over 1 million customers. ISSUE 57
.14 million FTTH/B subscribers by the end of 2009.Huawei Communicate
Deutsche Telekom will invest over 10 billion euros in fiber optics.23 million. mobile technologies and IT processes. with an FTTH/B subscriber
France Telecom plans to invest around 2 billion euros by 2015 in fiber optics.
South Korea is to spend 152.
has helped Japan acquire 17.
billion USD to develop the ICT
base of 9.
SEP 2010 .
Australia has unveiled ambitious plans to develop their national broadband. and will invest over 22 billion USD in the fiber-optic field.
China began to build FTTx networks in 2007. Etisalat plans to deploy a nationwide FTTH network in 2011. Singapore plans to invest 700 million USD by 2012 to build a nationwide FTTH network.3
which in turn attracts many new players including cable operators. Qatar. but also broadband access for a large number of subscribers. By 2013.23 million. software. or bank loans. which allocated 787 billion USD to stimulate the economy.0 technology is expected to prevail with 100Mbps access. Australia. Japan has launched the e-Japan strategy. World Bank research indicates that a 10% increase in the penetration of broadband can produce a 1. Globally. communications and the Internet over the next five years. South Korea has also been actively engaged in fiber-optic network deployment. and then the entire population by 2013. cable networks provide not only TV services.3 billion USD to develop IT convergence applications. In 2009. With strong support from the government.000 FTTH subscribers added in the first quarter of 2010. ISSUE 57
right of accessing 1Mbps broadband in the first phase.0 by 2010. planning to invest 2. South Korea decided to spend 152. By the end of 2009. the World Bank’s lead ICT policy specialist. while avoiding duplicate construction of copper-based networks. In France. For countries with a lower per capita GDP.Main Topic
Broadband as a national strategy
Fiber-optic broadband hits top gear
ccording to Dr. governments in the Asia-Pacific region have enacted encouraging policies and some are directly investing in fiber-optic network deployment. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is now developing a National Broadband Plan to ensure that every American can access the Internet.
.4% increase in GDP and quickly help it to rise. Finland is the first country in the world to recognize broadband Internet access as the legal right of every citizen. Fiber-optic network deployment is strong in developed countries and accelerates economic development. The last-mile fiber-optic access can eliminate the bandwidth bottleneck resulting from twisted pair connections and accommodate future-oriented services like video communications & entertainment. In addition. with 7. In North America. An increasing number of developing countries have stepped up fiber-optic network deployment to build better ICT infrastructure and stimulate economic development. plans to upgrade its network to Docsis3. who provide ultra-broadband services by connecting fiber to buildings and then extending it via cable to homes. creates greater telecom competition. The objective of the project is to ensure that more than 99% of the population is no further than two kilometers from a 100Mbps fiber-optic cable network. Malaysia has also released its National Broadband Initiative (NBI). FTTB. To enhance the ICT infrastructure. Japan has been leading the world with 17. and others have unveiled a m b i t i o u s p l a n s t o d e ve l o p t h e i r national broadband strategies.
A strong wave of investment
Cable operators expanding ultra-broadband capacity
Technological development has enabled broadband services to generate higher returns. These future-oriented technologies can enhance communications infrastructure. Tim Kelly. Comcast. international aid. and 100Mbps broadband by the end of 2015. Kuwait. Singapore plans to invest 700 million USD by 2012 to build a nationwide FTTH network. Every permanent citizen has the basic 19
SEP 2010 .14 million FTTH/B subscribers by the end of 2009. FTTC.2 billion
USD in FTTH deployment before 2015. about 20% of broadband connections are cable-based. Docsis3. promotes employment. enabling 80% of subscribers to double their broadband access speed. telemedicine and distance learning. cable operator Numericable acquired 77% of the 40.2 billion USD earmarked to optimize broadband access. fiber-optic solutions provide an optimum choice due to the increasingly mature technology and a rising performance/price ratio. and FTTH projects are implemented with governmental support. The Asia-Pacific region is also a major incubator of new technologies. key IT solutions. South Korea had an FTTH/B subscriber base of 9. Latin America. covering 95% of the nation. and Europe where cable TV penetration rate is high. New Zealand. President Obama signed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. a leading US cable operator. In September 2009. including deploying FTTH for high speed broadband access. while boosting the level of national competitiveness. broadband investment is a policy with “no regrets”. In many emerging markets.
In 2008. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned.6 million homes.
Gaining momentum in China
China began to build FTTx networks in 2007 and showed remarkable progress in 2008 and 2009. FTTH began to show its advantages in terms of cost and technology and is now set to be an optimum choice for fiber network deployment in China. Other operators such as Portugal Telecom. Many mobile operators have entered the fixed broadband field by building or acquiring fixed infrastructure. the service covers 15. Telekom Austria. Fixed broadband can help mobile operators diversify their revenue portfolio. there will be an FTTH subscriber base of 4 million covering 10% of all homes in Germany. By the end of 2010. In March 2010. China Mobile has been a leader in the Chinese mobile market.Huawei Communicate
Mobile operators entering the fiber-optic field
Increasing competition in the mobile voice market has led to decreased ARPU and a higher churn rate. In 2004.huawei. rapidly expanding FTTH and expect to have 100. FiOS has helped Verizon gain a substantial number of new broadband users and TV viewers. covering 18 million homes under the umbrella of the FiOS service. By 2011. the Chinese government announced plans to invest over 22 billion USD in the upcoming three years to converge telecommunications. In June 2010. To date. t h e Fr e n c h government decided to spend 2 billion euros to improve the national broadband infrastructure and provide low-interest loans to encourage operators to build fiber-optic networks in large cities other than Paris. Arcor deployed FTTC to enhance the broadband speed to 50Mbps. China’s FTTx network deployment will see exponential growth in the coming years. MSOs plan to offer 100Mbps access for customers and increase the pressure on incumbents like Verizon and AT&T. China Mobile invited bids for 6 million FTTx lines.000 residential “Al Shamil” broadband subscribers have up to 30Mbps access speeds. They selected GPON as the major access technology for full-service operations and to diversify competitiveness. and Telecom Italia have also released their FTTx strategies and are prepared to launch nationwide fiber-optics networks. In March 2010. provide bundled services and retain customers. British Telecom announced adding an additional 1 billion pounds to fulfill the ambitious plan of covering twothirds of homes in the UK by 2015. With the rapid development of the industry chain and reduced equipment and terminal costs. Arcor has increased its market share year on year and showed a 30% increase in broadband customers. BT has also accelerated FTTH deployment based on network infrastructure. Mobily is the second largest mobile operator in Saudi Arabia. As a technology leader in the Gulf region. fixed operators are facing increased
challenges in terms of sustainable growth. Based on their substantial subscriber base and infrastructure. under which it will invest over 10 billion euros in the next three years in fiber optics. China Mobile is expected to fully expand broadband access and move towards being a full-service operator by building their own fiber-optic network. Verizon invested 23 billion USD to build an FTTH network. I n J a n u a r y 2 0 1 0 . Vodafone acquired Arcor and turned it into a wholly-owned subsidiary. ISSUE 57
. After acquiring the fixed network in 2008. Lacking copper infrastructure. it became an integrated telecom operator by acquiring fixed assets. Driven by massive government investment. they focused on fiberoptic deployment. As a result. Montpellier and Orleans in 2010.
Editor: Li Xuefeng xuefengli@huawei. By rapidly deploying fiber-optic broadband networks. the subscriber base is projected to exceed 1 million and the broadband speed will reach 100Mbps. In next few years. new mobile communications technologies and IT processes. In 2007. Dominating customer satisfaction surveys. Deutsche Telekom unveiled a high-speed broadband plan. Etisalat announced that more than 500. FTTH has enabled Verizon to increase ARPU when facing a declined fixed-line business.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. broadcasting and Internet networks. In February 2010. It is projected that by 2012.
SEP 2010 . In 2008. In October 2009. the FTTC network will cover 4 million homes.
Fixed operators are promoting FTTH deployment
With the advent of an ultra-broadband era. it has become an integrated operator. fixed operators are ramping up FTTH deployment to gain a more competitive edge in the market. with only a small number of FTTH trial projects being initiated. providing customers with services like HD IPTV and Internet access.5 billion pounds building an FTTC network that will cover 40% of UK homes before 2012. In particular.com/communicate. competition and network deployment. In 2010. France Telecom announced a plan to invest around 2 billion euros by 2015 in fiber
optics and will roll-out ultra high-speed broadband in cities including Cannes. China Telecom and China Unicom are also expected to deploy and operate up to 10 million FTTx lines in 2010. In 2010.000 FTTH subscribers by the end of 2010. British Telecom unveiled a plan to spend 1. mobile operators are entering the fixed broadband field and bringing more investment to the fiber-optic infrastructure. FTTB was the major FTTx network construction mode in China. Prior to 2010. American operators have accelerated FTTH deployment to better cope with intense competition from cable operators. Arcor now is the second largest fixed operator in Germany with a 14% share in the broadband market. Etisalat plans to deploy a nationwide FTTH network in 2011.
they aim to boost home user spending on telecom services and increase the efficiency of enterprise users to improve their overall revenue. For fixed operators who want to stay on top. it is imperative to leverage bandwidth advantage and build a conducive value chain. high bandwidth make the perfect combo
Big screen. high bandwidth
make the perfect combo
Copper wiring has been used as the major transmission media since Bell invented the telephone. it is now giving way to fiber media and fiber-based high bandwidth network infrastructure is being constructed to transmit massive bits of data. But.Main Topic
Big screen. By providing superior big-screen user experience.
By Nan Ningxuan
SEP 2010 . ISSUE 57
but is far from perfect. and games are the most popular. There is no doubt that subscribers prefer individualized content like videos. the leading terminal vendor. The service platform should be able to support IPTV2.0 functions. Once done. pipelines and cloud computing services. and workforce are too severe for them to follow suit. bandwidth growth. network traffic will grow upwards of 50 to 100 times. the components of the broadband value chain. For home subscribers. have a totally different DNA from trend setting and innovative providers of terminal and cloud computing services. they can achieve a winwin situation with service and terminal partners by extending their pipelinebased value chain to cover terminals. According to France Telecom. Exploring methods to combine terminals and services with existing networks to change with the market landscape is certainly worth the effort. such as the application store. but spends 120 euros for a combination of telecom and multimedia services. a typical European subscriber spends 50 euros on telecom ser vices. exceeding Moore’s Law. Over the next five years. Their performance in capital markets has proven that high value and high growth areas are moving to services and terminals. security. In the high bandwidth era. operators can meet various subscriber requirements and improve their experience by delivering enough bandwidth for services. compared with a market capitalization of 155. and video applications in various formats in
SEP 2010 .S. Still. generated 42. To t a p re ve n u e p o t e n t i a l . will have changed priorities. time shift TV. and amenities services on their digital home platform. understand and adapt to changing behavioral patterns. the application store for fixed networks.
Enriching home services
To boost home subscribers’ spending on services. music. Operators can launch an “iPhone on the Wall” platform.Huawei Communicate
High-value shifting to apps and terminals
value chain. the pipeline.65 billion USD from cloud applications and services. operators must cater to their needs. had sales revenue of 23. It is critical for operators to provide these two categories of subscribers with respective solutions that meet their increasing demand for bigscreen services. ISSUE 57
. the leading pipeline provider.7 billion USD. personalized ser vices.7 billion USD. cloud applications and service. The percentage of video traffic to network overall traffic will surge from 40% to 90% and it is likely that application developers will shift focus from pocket-size mobile phone screens to various big screen applications. Pipeline providers earned more than cloud computing and terminal vendors but had lower market capitalizations. market statistics in April 2009. like videos. AT&T. with the bulk of data traffic coming from big screen video services and bandwidth for each subscriber as high as 20 to 100Mbps. it is wise to keep an eye on this trend. For operators who want to be leaders in the
Extending pipeline value
Operators have to answer the question of how to extend their reach into high growth areas. cloud applications and services. Fr a n c e Telecom offers high-definition video content. they can jointly build a healthy value chain. Telecom operators should seek ways to get all of the 120 euros by launching entertainment. In the high bandwidth era. Subscriber experience poses a key challenge for digital home services. in addition to basic communications services. reported sales revenue of 123 billion USD. creating a business
model to generate revenue from both partners and subscribers. Industry convergence has also increasingly blurred the boundaries between cloud computing. games. and a bundle of multiple services for multiple scenarios. the cloud computing leader. compared with a market capitalization of 182.9 billion USD in revenue. Enterprise users look for solutions that can help them increase efficiency and productivity. The digital home concept has become a reality. pipeline and terminal services and applications. and service profitability. whose operations are based on processes and standard operations.1 billion USD. The key here is to guarantee their subscribers’ service experience to create more opportunities for business partners and boost the pipeline’s profit from the partnerships. According to U. terminal. compared with a market capitalization of 219. such as cloud computing and terminals by fully utilizing their pipeline advantage. timed TV channel switching and recording. Operators can extend the value of their network pipeline to cloud computing and terminal services by offering digital family plans and all encompassing solutions oriented to SMEs. finding profitable services is a primary concern. rather than relying on killer applications. Traditional telecom operators. music and games with a strong preference for images over text. process. the revenue increases with the demand. as well as terminals.
he era of high-bandwidth networks is here. With this open and flexible service platform. Apple. Naturally. Google. It is essential to meet personalized subscriber requirements by building a video-based open digital home service platform to generate revenues from long-tail services. By partnering with service and content providers. while the high growth area will move to terminals. The value of a pipeline will grow more slowly and may even decline. Challenges to their organizational structure. there are three major challenges for operators: cost control.
Growing high bandwidth capability supports the development of many services. The information is transmitted through the operator’s video service platform to big screens located in shopping malls. such as HDTV. communication. operators should provide an open service platform and multi-service gateway to accommodate varied enterprise requirements. The key to widely scaling the system is to lower the requirement for networking performance. Another important high bandwidth application is to broadcast ads. can help enterprises that have a worldwide business presence. Once used widely. the HD videoconferencing system. operators can utilize the enterprise application store on the service platform and provide SMEs with customized solutions to increase productivity and efficiency. However. streets. According to AT&T. as long as they provide a guaranteed user experience. The semi-open home service platform must be able to attract a high number of developers to ensure an abundance of services. In addition. In addition to a range of basic services such as voice. VOD. As conditions vary with country and region. the two-way video platform helps collect users’ response to advertising and information and make an effective evaluation. and traveling costs.com/communicate. given the sluggish world economy. In addition. compared with 26% for Deutsche Telekom. By serving SMEs. and time shift TV. while the increasing demand for services drives broadband advances. cut transportation. on buildings. These solutions include location-specific services. For example. integrated information 23
SEP 2010 . For example. six of its top ten advantages over cable operators are closely related to their broadband service support platform. operators can also offer HD video content for big screens in public places. In addition. user-generated content (UGC) is vital as IT development empowers any individual to develop a revolutionary application that suits a specific consumer group and swiftly promotes the application to the public.
. the electronic version and subscription information are available at www. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned. The platform provides an application running environment to support a wide range of digital home services and is open to operators and third-party developers. and in public places which are broadband enabled. electronic healthcare and medical care and remote education services. data.5 billion USD annually.
Open and all-in-one service platform for SMEs
Enterprise users have long been a key revenue source for legacy fixed network operators. SMEs are coping with increasingly complex ICT services. program recording. high bandwidth make the perfect combo
addition to basic features.Main Topic
Big screen.huawei. ISSUE 57
and communication services. providing SMEs with all encompassing services that were previously used only by large enterprises. and various public events to a targeted audience in a timely manner. amid increasing globalization. This keeps the information up to date and more relevant. and a low-cost HD videoconferencing system delivering a quality experience. the system is predicted to reduce global gasoline consumption by 5% and save 1. Operators can have very diversified home applications by sharing revenue with service providers. different HD videoconferencing systems must be able to communicate seamlessly with one another to avoid overlapping of investment and low returns for enterprise users. Gartner predicts that global telecom operators will achieve an annual compound growth rate of 4% in enterprise services. conference calls should remain unaffected in quality under a packet loss rate of 5% and remain uninterrupted despite a 20% packet loss rate and a network downtime of 20 seconds. As services and technologies advance. and security. Operators need to actively engage partners in the value chain and jointly create a mutually beneficial model to attract home and enterprise subscribers by developing a strong service platform and offering personalized services. With the service platform. coordinated office. there is no set formula for services that can be profitable.com
Thanks for your reading. shopping guides and weather. operators can transform their role from a pipeline provider into an integrated service provider. BT generated 31% of its total revenue from enterprise services. In 2009. these enterprises demand attentive ICT services. hi-fi digital transmission system for theatres. Editor: Liu Zhonglin liuzhonglin@huawei. Restricted by tight budgets and workforce. Managed service and one-stop services are the major ones. A large group of content and application partners are essential to success in providing digital home services. Considering the huge number of SMEs and their varying demands. an open service platform is a definite must for an operator to succeed.
However. the opportunities of this phenomenon are of course balanced by challenges. 3D services are provided with a channel through which to enrich people’s home entertainment experiences.
By Huang Ye
The butterfly effect of Avatar
SEP 2010 .Huawei Communicate
Will 3D cause broadband demand to rocket?
As data networks shift to FTTx. ISSUE 57
When the viewer walks to the side. the sales predictions for other 25
SEP 2010 . Soon after Avatar had seared itself into the world’s conscience. Unlike the current trend in movie theaters. MVC technology has been extensively used in FVV. only a 2D image can be seen if the viewer moves to the left or right. the exhibition served to evidence the public’s strong interest in all things 3D. according to sources with SARFT. and 10 million digital cameras and video cameras. 3D services are provided with a channel through which to enrich people’s home entertainment experiences. Its stunning 3D visuals took viewers to a whole new realm. movies. And the preparatory work necessary to construct 3D TV channels is already underway. the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) set up a 3D audiovisual working group to define the application s c o p e o f 3 D AV a n d t o d e v e l o p standards for key technologies. application software. The 3D industry chain comprises the following elements: service provisioning. However. over 60% of consumers are “extremely interested”. Equally. the 3D image – including even the ears can be seen. the opportunities of this phenomenon are of course balanced by challenges.
Nascent 3D industry chain
According to DIGITIMES. content development.
Challenges facing MVC
In 2001. For example. content storage. and Television (SARFT) will formulate 3D transmission s t a n d a rd s . 3D TV.7 billion USD globally. This will leap to 65 million in 2018. which is especially of advantage in mobile environment. the industry expects that glasses will not be required to watch 3D at home in the future. In early 2010. At present. DisplaySearch forecasts that 10 million 3D TV sets will be sold in 2012. 10 million display devices. ISSUE 57
products in 2018 are high: 71 million handsets. Britain’s Sky TV was first to broadcast live Premier League matches with 3D technology.264. multi-view 3D captures a broader range of 3D image angles. and it is this process that 3D video technology seeks to replicate. due to the lack of shooting angles. had grossed 2. to create a 2-view 3D image of a face. glasses. FTV. ranging from 4 to 30 views. focusing on MVC. the epic sci-fi fantasy. handsets. The front and sides of the face can be recorded and the 3D display will display both angles. The industry’s leading TV vendors are already developing products with multi-view technologies. Shenzhen hosted the 3rd China International 3D World Forum & Exhibition to showcase a variety of 3D applications such as displays. the left.Main Topic
The butterfly effect of Avatar
y the end of 2009. the State Administration of Radio. deepening the cinematic sense of reality and immersion. The technique to achieve this involves having different images to enter the viewer’s left and right eyes by partially blocking the visual lines to the screen. games. transmission. w h i l e t h e Mi n i s t r y o f Industry and Information Technology will establish TV equipment standards. The 3D image display area includes an extensive product line of 3D TVs.and right-ofcenter images can be shot in advance to enable a frontal 3D image when viewed from directly in front of the screen. 3D can be experienced either with or without glasses. projectors. As data networks shift to FTTx. offering the potential for viewers to experience a fuller range of 3D images. “very interested”. Avatar. As the number of views increases. Higher transmission and access bandwidth is thus needed to transmit multi-view video coding (MVC) files across a network. This technique gives a much stronger feeling of presence. and headmounted displays. The Blu-ray Disc Association has selected MVC for 3D Blu-ray discs. and image display.
Goodbye. and 3D Video. In contrast. however. with TVs and glasses currently forming the most vibrant market segments. program channels. and digital cameras and video cameras. To date. Currently there are two common technologies to display 3D images without glasses: Parallax Barrier and Lenticular. However. also enable multi-view display. The general consensus among soccer fans during the 2010 World Cup was extremely positive after watching some of the games in 3D: “It seemed as if the ball is flying straight at us after a shot on goal… The effects really are stunning!” In China. 17 million notebooks. The ripple effect of this 3D renaissance continues to spread. A big hit with attendees. 3D glasses
The distance between our eyes causes different images of the same object to form in the retinas of the left and right eyes. generating a 23 billion USD turnover. and now the company plans to launch a dedicated 3D TV channel. and MVC format will replace the complementary color 3D format used in Blu-ray discs in the second half of 2010. or at least “somewhat interested” in watching 3D videos at home. Content providers are boosting investment in the 3D field. Technologies for 3D without
glasses. the size of video files will be much larger than the currently dominant 2-view video. playback. Film. as a single object is shot from multiple angles. The brain processes the parallax between these different images to generate depth and three dimensions. As an extension of H. MVC has inherited the former’s superior
performance attributes: high quality coding efficiency. and home interconnection technologies. 8-view “naked eye” 3D TV requires a transmission rate of between 50 and 100Mbps. viewpoint scalability. the traffic per view it generates is between 30% and 80% higher than equivalent 2D AVC content. Including Korea. Huawei is poised to move confidently with operators into this high bandwidth age.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. While MVC is very suitable for 3D video compression. The demand for high bandwidth will explode and raises higher requirements for network transmission and exchange.
3D unleashes massive bandwidth demand
The standardization of the 3D sector and the maturity of the 3D industry chain will cause demand for bandwidth to soar and inject new vitality into networks. China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology released the Guidelines for Accelerating the Pace of Optical Fiber Broadband Network Construction. Germany. storage capacity. and network transmission capacity. as the number of home TV channels and 3D views increase. To realize the effective compression of massive data volumes and real-time interaction with users. In April 2010. ISSUE 57
. access.com/communicate. boost the nation’s information infrastructure.
SEP 2010 . MVC data traffic increases multiple times as more cameras are used to shoot different viewpoints. MVC also benefits from additional coding tools that enable time scalability. Looking ahead. The industry has been continually improving the existing 3D compression algorithm and. 100Mbps will become the basic access requirement for future high-end home customers. free coding structure.huawei. and illumination compensation. many developed countries launched national broadband development strategies in 2009 that centered on high bandwidth fiber
optic access. and Britain. and formulate and refine regulatory measures for optical fiber broadband network construction. various challenges exist with MVC data processing. The document stipulates China’s intention to expedite optical fiber broadband network construction. For example. Editor: Pan Tao pantao@huawei. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned. global operators are driving towards a new fixed network era featuring high bandwidth and 3D video. and solid network affinity.
” “The initial investment in FTTH can be reduced with a ‘light coverage’ – which means that while optical fiber needs to be deployed only once. while more can be installed later if there are additional subscriptions. With an investment of 880 million USD. but also a vast opportunity. when shared. choose FTTH? And what positive lessons can other operators take from this experience? Zhang Jun. and then a 1:8 splitter. and more than 17. China Telecom Shanghai officially embarked on its MONET (Metro Optical Network) plan in June 2009. the MONET of China Telecom Shanghai will cover 1. can be upgraded gradually.How to Operate
China Telecom shares its FTTH recipe: bringing Shanghai up to speed
China Telecom shares its FTTH recipe
Bringing Shanghai up to speed
By Pan Tao
services and pressure from competition – make the present moment the ideal time to roll out FTTH in Shanghai. “Our goal is to get 300. would be about 73 USD. now the cost has dropped nearly 70% and is close to that of DSL or FTTB. the need to promote new 27
SEP 2010 .5 million households by 2010 and extend coverage to the entire city by 2012. The cost of connecting a household with FTTH. The plan features an access network. leads the world in broadband speeds and penetration. a downlink rate of more than 90Mbps. “The FTTH deployment cost can be further lowered when the actual installation rate is considered. a 1:4 optical splitter is first installed. with an average bandwidth speed of more than 60Mbps in 2009.”
The time is ripe
According to Zhang. the installed optical splitters. For an old community.5 million FTTB connections.”
Zhang Jun. which should be of modular design. operation and maintenance and service provisioning.000 of whom are FTTH) this year. this initiative aims to enable 100Mbps speeds to homes. Why did China Telecom. This meant China Telecom. a gradual upgrade will help save initial investments greatly. and a backbone network.5 million homes and offices – comprising 1 million FTTH and 0. if required. though. t h e operator will be using the network to connect 1.000 MONET subscribers (at least 200. three factors – lower costs. “FTTH cost has been greatly reduced and is ready for mass market deployment. when the optical network unit (ONU) is used. a metropolitan access network (MAN). shares his insights. but also pose daunting challenges for the organizational structure and human resources management of operators . ISSUE 57
. Shanghai’s major fixed service provider. had not only great room for improvement. For example. “By the end of 2010. It will not only radically transform the traditional technology. China’s most economically advanced city had only an average of 2Mbps in 2008.14 million FTTH/B customers. As the subscriber base increases over time. In comparison. gigabit access to office buildings. A key project o f C h i n a Te l e c o m Sh a n g h a i . a pioneer in fiber access in China. Deputy Chief Engineer of China Telecom Shanghai. FTTH cost about 730 USD per line. a country separated from China by a single body of water. a 1:8 optical splitter can be first installed for 8 subscriptions.” says Zhang. in a building with 12 households. Deputy Chief Engineer of China Telecom Shanghai: “The FTTH rollout is a revolution. Shanghai. It is more expensive. and Tbps in Egress by 2012.”
Back in 2005.” says Zhang.
” says Zhang. the fiber pigtails of a box-shaped splitter were exposed and could be damaged by repeated engineering work during service activation. for example. “All this is thanks to the management and efforts of our employees. broadband penetration in Shanghai has exceeded 60%.” adds Zhang.” he says. while that in some cities in Japan and South Korea is over 50Mbps. saving space and not requiring replacement because of damaged fiber pigtails. optical cables generally have many connections. a splitter box for corridors. resource and service configuration. improved procedures. including a fiber distribution terminal (FDT) without patch cords. Zhang believes that FTTH is the ultimate goal of broadband network evolution.
Recipes for success
China Telecom Shanghai can now deliver FTTH services to its subscribers within three days.” says Zhang. and speeding up FTTH rollout is the only way for China Telecom Shanghai to stay head of fierce competition. Zhang also detailed China Telecom Shanghai’s unique fiber distribution equipment. According to him. and the modules can be easily exchanged. China Telecom Shanghai needed an optical distribution network (ODN) to accommodate various PON technologies. and this includes device installation. more than 90% services can be activated automatically. “For this reason. we found that two-level splitting has lower costs and higher efficiency. “In the past.Huawei Communicate
New service growth needed
Zhang points out the large broadband gap that currently exists between Chinese cities and developed cities overseas – The average bandwidth in domestic cities is about 2Mbps. and the distribution cable is fusion spliced rather than terminated. This high level of efficiency has enabled China Telecom Shanghai to draw 35.” says Zhang. but after comparing costs and efficiency. where buildings are less densely distributed. the splitter can also be fitted into any of the operator’s fiber distribution equipment. “In that case.” Innovative specifications: China Telecom Shanghai has developed 14 specifications for FTTx networking. but the operator plans to further enrich its offerings by providing 100Mbps packages by late 2010. the products have standardized components. “Broadband service providers need to enhance their revenue with richer value-added services and smarter use of their bandwidth resources.” he adds. broadcasting and Internet networks. leaving less room to grow revenue through subscriber acquisition. with twolevel splitting in other areas. the success also embodies our innovative spirit. China Telecom Shanghai has also developed nine homemade products. we chose two-level splitting in apartment complexes. The distribution cable is stored in the fiber spool box and is connected to the feeder cable
SEP 2010 . Following the standard specifications. In addition. The new splitter is equipped with blades and adapters. China Telecom Shanghai is introducing an IPTV package to attract more subscribers. terminations. old neighborhoods and rural areas while using single splitting in villa areas. This new 50Mbps IPTV offering has attracted a few dozen people till date. China Telecom Shanghai’s equipment is different in the sense that only the feeder cable is terminated.
Boasting a large local access network. and a home information box. an international metropolis and a developed financial hub in China. ser vice revenue growth is also a challenge for broadband operators. “Nowadays. Power over Ethernet (PoE) technology. “We originally used single splitting for all areas. Both the feeder cable and distribution cable normally have to be terminated. and attention to the project details. we would have to replace the whole splitter. “A team of two engineers can connect 4-5 households with FTTH per day. with a patch cord connecting two adapters to continue the optical path. is no doubt an attraction for service providers. ISSUE 57
Staying ahead of the competition
Shanghai. engineering and acceptance.000 subscribers to its MONET services from May 2010 to July 2010. “These specifications can help solve practical issues encountered in network rollout and service provisioning. China Telecom Shanghai has made outstanding achievements over the past years.” Adopting a modular design. and standard definition TV services. and thus made the operator ready for the FTTH revolution in Shanghai.
. it launched Shanghai’s first “digital park” and realized convergence of the telecommunications. indoor wiring and service provisioning. However. and branches when routed from the central office to end users. HD movies. Innovative products: To accommodate its fast-growing MONET. and more. Innovative designs: China Telecom Shanghai has adopted single splitting in villa areas.” Under the “e Surfing Broadband” brand. which provides HD TV. Its innovative spirit helped it build the ODN.
or bend the fiber pigtails in a smaller radius. if the optical power budget of a subscriber deviates from the set range. OTDR entails high investments – about 148 million USD is required for a MONET connecting 5 million households.” Optical fibers should not be squeezed. and developed tools. and plans to adopt it for its entire network. it is certain that optical cables between the level-1 splitting and the level-2 splitting have problems. China Telecom Shanghai has a geographic information system (GIS) to display all the topology of cables and optical fibers. price and efficiency. “We have our own ideas and develop the network and product specifications by ourselves. engineering techniques and specifications for FTTH rollout. service provisioning can be easy. The transformation in technologies. “However. instead of using the optical time-domain reflectometer (OTDR) to characterize an optical fiber. China Telecom Shanghai spent several months studying the structures of old buildings.
Success lies in the details
FTTH rollout in new communities requires less engineering effort than in the older neighborhoods. then it is a sign that the FTTx training has worked. “So we encountered lots of difficulties in the initial fiber rollout. In this case. The adoption will depend on technology maturity.has won it two awards from the China Communications Standards Association (CCSA) and the Shanghai Government. engineers should be skillful and they need to use special tools and instruments. MONET will help transform the operator’s copper-based broadband network to fiber-based. According to a senior O&M manager at China Telecom Shanghai. reducing faulty links. getting them ready for fiber rollout. since subscribers are added gradually. the system can detect which ONU is faulty. OTDR also needs strict management. who can predict the distance among fibers. noting that professional training is key to the fiber transformation. “For fiber rollout.
Editor: Zhang Yufen zhangyufen@huawei. and also is a precise distance an absolute must?” asks Zhang. the system will initiate a logical analysis to locate the faulty splitter.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. and lowering attenuation by 0.000 copper engineers. we will contribute and enhance the information development in Shanghai. In China Telecom Shanghai’s optical power detection system.” he adds. As at least four to five terminations and fiber-distributions are required by an ODN.huawei. To s o l v e t h i s p r o b l e m . the problem should be in the line segment between the corridor and the subscriber. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned. Says Zhang: “Assume that the two-level splitting is installed in the corridor. The independent R&D has enabled China Telecom Shanghai to gain a deep understanding into the specifications and details. stretched. fault location can be more accurate in a line segmented by branch connectors. saving costs in adapters and patch cords.
Sometimes if the engineers use ethanol or cotton to clean the fiber. The operator also arranged visits and workshops for its sister companies. or bent excessively – and this is something copper cable engineers do not usually know. China Telecom Shanghai has also referred to overseas operators’ experiences in FTTH deployment and found practical ways to enhance user experience. The first of its kind in China. If only one subscriber reports faults. ISSUE 57
The operator further unifies data under an integrated resources management system. C h i n a Telecom Shanghai spent two months building a comprehensive training center for FTTx deployment at Nanxiang. The operator has developed an ODN fault diagnosis system based on optical power detection. and the former are thus the preferred target areas for operators.
. China Telecom Shanghai’s unique fiber distribution equipment.” Zhang concludes. To tap the large market potential in older neighborhoods. the above-mentioned practices help stretch the transmission distance by 4 to 5km. These practices bring benefits: for example. China Telecom Shanghai will enhance its effort in technology innovation and network transformation. O&M and service provisioning will also bring changes to the operator’s organizational structure and human resources. a town in Shanghai. China Telecom Shanghai joined hands with vendors to replace over 4. and to become a leader in the FTTx field. the training center has trained more than 2. broadcasting and Internet networks.” says Zhang. if the engineers wear white gloves and take ethanol and cotton with them for indoor visits. If four subscribers report faults simultaneously. as different fibers under a splitter are restricted to a specific distance.000 PON cards before the opening of Shanghai World Expo in May 2010. As a key project of China Telecom Shanghai. costs and actual needs. This has enabled optical power detection in all PON ports of the OLTs.” he adds. “All these may beyond the capabilities of an engineer accustomed to copper cables.3dB to 0. Success lies in the details – that is the operator’s FTTx motto.” 29
SEP 2010 . Zhang agrees. yet we still need to improve data accuracy. yet FTTH deployment still requires attention to many details. which helps to match the physical information of optical fibers and cables. To build the optical power detection system. As a result.How to Operate
China Telecom shares its FTTH recipe: bringing Shanghai up to speed using adapters when required. China Telecom Shanghai is also exploring an ODTR-based ODN fault diagnosis system for business users. “With the convergence of the telecommunications. Good preparation can help smooth network rollout.com/communicate. China Telecom Shanghai has adopted an innovative optical power detection system. Innovative O&M: After evaluating technologies. If the optical power budgets of multiple ONUs deviate simultaneously.5dB.
com/winwin Contribution and suggestion is welcome.
It’s all about success!
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www.
Tao of Business
. Email: HWtech@huawei.
Voice from Operators
..com Tel: +86 755-28789348
so China Telecom Xi’an is adopting four 40×10Gbps OTN rings that can smoothly evolve to 80×10Gbps. China Telecom Xi’an began to build an FTTx network in 2007. ranking it 71st in the world and leaving a lot of room for improvement. S e c o n d . different network aspects require different priorities: bandwidth for the MAN. It also hopes to upgrade its fixed network infrastructure for future growth. access capabilities for ONU sites. China Telecom Xi’an
metro system construction in the same year. to provide home subscribers with downlink bandwidths of 8 to 20Mbps and deliver fiber to the home (FTTH) access in developed areas.
Network planning: early adoption of advanced technology All-optical access objectives
y the end of 2009. Its broadband access objectives include:
SEP 2010 .46 million. distribution for OLT offices. which required China Telecom Xi’an to relocate two major tandem offices. China Telecom’s fixed subscriber base had shrunk 14% in two years to 189 million. with over 20. as part of its move to offset profit losses due to declining fixed services and call charges.744Mbps. and planned to complete the deployment by stages over a 3-year period.How to Operate
China Telecom goes all optical in Xi’an
China Telecom goes all optical in Xi’an
The end of 2009 saw China Telecom Xi’an’s FTTx penetration rate at 26%. Its optical line terminals (OLTs) covered 90% of Xi’an. China Telecom Xi’an has deployed OLT offices according to the fiber channel resources available in the tandem offices and coverage distances
.000 optical network units (ONUs). to extend fiber access to buildings in new urban areas with a focus on PON-based fiber to the building (FTTB) and FTTH construction and limit the distance of existing copper access in urban areas to 500 meters to give subscribers downlink broadband access at 20Mbps or faster. To be specific. providing subscribers in fiber-covered villages with downlink access speeds of 4Mbps or higher. the MAN bandwidth must be sufficiently large – Service bandwidth will have to increase substantially with the fast growth of fiber-optic subscribers. China Telecom has planned to make the 4Mbps bandwidth available to cities nationwide in 2010 and 20Mbps over the next 3-5 years. giving the operator a wealth of experience in FTTx network planning and construction. As part of this effort of China Telecom Group. O LT o f f i c e s m u s t b e appropriately distributed. Insufficient MAN bandwidth may result in degraded QoS and higher costs for future network optimization. ISSUE 57
to increase the fiber penetration rate for urban commercial buildings to 100%. The operator employed an integrated FTTx broadband access solution to redistribute all the voice and data access services in these two tandem offices to sub-offices within the coverage area.
By Li Enhong. and sufficiency for fiber optic resources. This turned a new chapter in its mass FTTx deployment. Statistics show that China’s Internet access rate averages only 1. while its broadband subscriber base had grown steadily to 53. to bring fiber access to basically all villages in central and eastern rural areas of China and 80% of those in western rural areas. First. The initiative coincided with the city of Xi’an’s
The FTTx network plan of China Telecom Xi’an is future-proof. taking into account the well-coordinated development of its entire network.
In addition to having large capacity. GPON. making onsite installation much easier. workers just need to ensure the required fiber output power while the NMS takes care of configuration and commissioning. The high level of integration from FTTx has allowed China Telecom Xi’an to slash the number of central offices from 45 to 15 and dramatically reduce real estate costs. and stores. To provide high bandwidth for highend business customers.
Increasing competitiveness through innovation
As a network convergence expert. unified way. ONUs offering higher integration can simplify access point location and reduce power consumption. In comparison with copper wire networks. these technologies have brought about significantly more costefficient O&M. The space was then converted into multipurpose business facilities including a smart business hall. this model delivers extremely high IPTV QoS. As ADSL and VDSL2 services are independent. they can help to drive down equipment costs and ease installation and maintenance. In the office at Xiaozhai.com/communicate. China Telecom Xi’an provided GPON and EPON interfaces separately on each device so that customers could choose. and POTS ports. hoping to bring FTTH access to 70% of the new buildings in 2010. at a download speed of 6Mbps. raising the broadband penetration rate from 3. China Telecom Xi’an has pioneered the FTTB+VDSL2 model with remarkable success. and set the stage for fixed and mobile convergence (FMC). these two interface boards can be centrally managed and configured through the same NMS. ISSUE 57
. By simply replacing EPON service boards with GPON service boards.
Preparing for changes
Given the current coexistence of EPON and GPON. The PON will replace the previous access rings to deliver BTS service bearer and backhaul. FE. BTS service delivery over PON can significantly reduce the cost per bit for BTS data services. 35-meter twisted pair for home access. The ONT/ONU triple-mode selfadaptive feature is highly suitable for China Telecom Xi’an. continually improve subscriber experience.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www.2% to 19% in 2009 and boosting the network profitability by 80%. China Telecom Xi’an employed PON to carry BTS services. While reducing total network equipment costs. The ONU should also provide diverse ports such as ADSL2+. More importantly. During installation. only 4 out of 10. and improve access capability. Compared with traditional methods. Given a 250-meter subscriber copper wire. a CDMA terminal sales outlet. and download speed of 22Mbps.
end bandwidth-hungry customers) and better user experience for voice services. the operator has increased VDSL2 service distribution in mature cells. With this triplemode feature. FTTx optical lines must be planned in advance to guarantee smooth FTTx construction. Currently.
The efforts of China Telecom Xi’an in FTTx deployments have paid off. FTTx networks have proven to provide stronger service capabilities with lower TCO. hence more competitive and profitable. and GE optical modules support PnP. plug-andplay (PnP) MxU. China Telecom Xi’an will accelerate its fiber deployment efforts to consolidate its FTTx network for the rest of 2010 to utilize its bandwidth advantages as part of a strategy to launch more service packages. the operator only needs to purchase one type of ONT module for use and backup. China Telecom Xi’an began to plan FTTH in 2008.
Network construction: technology innovation for higher ROI
China Telecom Xi’an is devoted to researching and utilizing new technologies. the test terminal was previously housed on the first floor of a building facing Chang’an Road to the east within a prosperous thoroughfare. the model helps to achieve smooth service evolution without extra costs and conduct maintenance in a simple. China Telecom Xi’an is promoting the FTTB+VDSL2 model. the operator has profited handsomely from innovative technologies like FTTx.huawei. and triple-mode selfadaptive ONT. An existing ONU usually provides 48 to 256 ports. a busy and densely populated area on the southern outskirts of Xi’an. and achieve broadband access objectives. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned. It was China’s first operator to introduce innovative technologies such as integrated fiber/copper access equipment. flatten the network structure. The GPON-based mobile bearer can actually reduce costs up to 50%. automatic system identification and configuration. the operator moved out the test terminal equipment and freed up a space of 560 square meters. The FTTx network has helped the operator save on TCO by 10% and cut copper wire investments by 87%. plus support hybrid installation in any slot to facilitate service provisioning and O&M. OLT equipment must support robust convergence to reduce convergence switch costs.
Editor: Xue Hua xuehua@huawei. China Telecom Xi’an has become the first to utilize integrated OLTs across the province of Shaanxi and support the co-installation of GPON/EPON boards in the same subrack. As the EPON. Over the years.Huawei Communicate
to deliver coverage over a distance of up to 8km in urban areas and 16km in the suburbs. VDSL2. Previously.
By replacing VDSL boards with VDSL2 boards in the ADSL subracks. the operator can deliver higher access bandwidth (12-25Mbps for high-
SEP 2010 . supply sufficient network bandwidth for mobile broadband development in the 3G era. After replacing copper wiring with optical fibers.000 packets are lost.
both have jointly implemented research projects such as the Quanzhou FTTx Network Business Plan and Solution. IT infrastructure construction is picking up in Quanzhou.
By Wang Chong & Xiao Bingyan
SEP 2010 . ISSUE 57
.How to Operate
China Telecom Quanzhou champions FTTx
ocated in the southeast of China. China Telecom Quanzhou began researching fiber-optic access technology and developed an access layer ODN plan that trialed FTTx in one district. the city has boasted the highest GDP for 11 consecutive years in the province. service provisioning. Quanzhou is one of Fujian province’s three prominent cities. In 2006. As
part of the FTTx Strategy Research Program. It has since been committed to building a highly competitive. The operator’s FTTx deployment has involved developing a long-term strategic partnership with Huawei. An economic powerhouse. all-optical network that can help local enterprises to evolve and grow. two towns. and O&M. To improve the investment climate. Each has increased the experience of both parties and provided an insight into how to best optimize FTTx network construction. Quanzhou ODN Planning and Construction Solution. with optical access emerging as the mainstream broadband access mode. who have long been an important driving force behind its socioeconomic development by establishing factories or sponsoring charities. Quanzhou FTTH Network Operations and Management Research Project. and three development zones. the operator set the strategic goal of enabling 30Mbps services for residential users and 100Mbps services for business users. and Quanzhou FTTH Equipment Interface Standards Research and Equipment Functionality Improvement Project. In 2009. It is also well-known for being the ancestral home to many overseas Chinese and Han Taiwanese.
Its content includes the ODN business development plan. it enables service personnel to remotely conduct service test and acceptance. The system has effectively alleviated the onsite maintenance burden by automatically detecting and reporting the xPON port status and optical module parameters. and that can be smoothly migrated. project acceptance. China Telecom Quanzhou identified nine research topics based on an in-depth analysis of domestic ODN construction experience. This solution nicely fit the operator’s need for rapid. Its ODN experience has greatly benefited other branches of China Telecom in Fujian. standardizing equipment. which has significantly reduced the user complaint rate. and difficulties in fault location. the large number of ODN passive nodes. the system cooperates with the ONU’s remote simulation test function to improve the fault location accuracy and shorten the troubleshooting time for improved customer satisfaction. China Telecom Quanzhou proactively approached O&M under a unified management system. laying optical cables. ISSUE 57
. and a configuration template is used for common data. It then established a joint research project team with Huawei and local telecom design institutes to look into how to build a cost-efficient. large-scale ONU deployment. new materials and new techniques. After jointly researching these challenges with the operator. manage. China Te l e c o m Q u a n z h o u w a s t h e f i r s t operator to develop the “ODN construction standardization” concept to standardize ODN project acceptance and maintenance methods and reference indicators. installing and commissioning equipment. Huawei developed a centralized NMS batch predeployment solution to achieve plug-and-play and automatic network equipment upgrades through a userfriendly unified ONU authentication technique. and by monitoring the temperature.Huawei Communicate
Accelerating massive FTTx deployment
Rapid large-scale ONU deployment
ONU deployment in an FTTx network is often hindered by a complex installation environment. significantly boosting the quality and efficiency of ONU acceptance. Notably. and optical power. resulting in low efficiency and a long acceptance cycle. the ODN is pivotal in promoting FTTx services and improving ROI. Alarm analysis: To assist maintenance personnel in sharing experience for professional competence improvement. Able to rapidly determine if a problem exists in the optical fiber or the ONU. Remote network monitoring: China Telecom Quanzhou has a mass of equipment installed in a range of complex scenarios.
Improving FTTx O&M efficiency
Rapid and accurate network diagnosis
FTTx O&M statistics show 70% of faults occurring at the user side and 20% at the ODN side. enormous construction difficulties. the project team developed a complete ODN technology plan. The large number of distributed ONUs entailed multiple site visits during the acceptance process. Faced with such difficulties. the BOSS cannot unify the
SEP 2010 . To effectively optimize and perfect E2E ODN specifications and provide effective construction guidelines for project subcontractors. and future development trends. When deployment was complete. Fault diagnosis and location: China Telecom Quanzhou has used Huawei’s professional line test system to tackle problems such as the complex ONU environment. It uses a remote centralized monitoring system to monitor performance and status of OLTs and ONUs in upstream and downstream directions.
Standard full-service distribution and unified automatic upgrade
Though FTTx supports full-service bearer. This prompted Huawei to develop a standard remote ONU acceptance solution for the operator. China Telecom Quanzhou has sorted out and simplified the mass of ONU alarm types and strengthened alarm root-cause analysis. optical cable resource management. voltage. with the solutions recorded in the alarm knowledge database.
Standardized ODN construction
As a vital part of the FTTx network. In 2009. the operator remotely monitors the ONU environments and environment/power alarms so as to enable real-time status queries. Inexperienced acceptance personnel meant that equipment center personnel and even the project inspector frequently had to leave their duties to complete the procedure. a long deployment cycle. acceptance presented another challenge to China Telecom Quanzhou. Rapidly and accurately defining fault types can ensure that work orders are sent to the correct
maintenance personnel. and maintain. To minimize labor and maintenance costs. and O&M inspections. these combine to accelerate the deployment process. The solution allows testing engineers to conduct simulation tests for ONU broadband and narrowband services. monitor service status and locate any fault. and specifications for design. offset current. stringent skill requirements for installation personnel. China Telecom Quanzhou was struggling to formulate a viable project. highly scalable ODN that is easy to implement. Equipment-specific data is deployed via a work form. Aiming to improve project quality and maintenance efficiency. It has also provided each maintenance engineer with analysis guidelines and solutions for each alarm type. and the need to dispatch software testing engineers to conduct onsite tests. current network status.
IPTV. Special access maintenance centers were established to adjust local networks and enhance access layer network maintenance. The network and the services it facilitates are instrumental in raising the government’s image and promoting socioeconomic benefits. Quanzhou Municipal Government is one of the key customers of China Telecom Quanzhou. the operator adapted to the new network’s O&M requirements by undergoing fundamental organizational restructuring. and 2010 will see the deployment of 300. and provided guidelines for project implementation and O&M management. and ONU and ODN operation guidelines was provided for the line centers and project installation teams at county and city levels and in Quanzhou. installation instructions. After being debriefed on the FTTx p ro j e c t a n d a s s e s s i n g t h e p ro j e c t themselves. After a thorough study of FTTx construction and project models in ODN FTTB and FTTH scenarios.
Improving network resource management systems and standards
Managing such a large volume of optical fiber and cable resources was a huge challenge to China Telecom Quanzhou. now perform 50% of OLT and ONU commissioning and deployment on their own. senior officials of Fujian Telecommunications Administration highly commended the joint FTTx re s e a r c h t e a m f o r t h e i r “f o r w a rd thinking and systematic architecture”. planning. FTTB construction in 2007 and 2008 was consolidated by large-scale FTTH construction in early 2009 after the company’s strategic business shift. They expressed their hope that both operator and vendor can continue their successful partnership in more areas. To enhance their business relationship. the automatic batch upgrade function can significantly facilitate upgrading the deployed ONT terminals.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. optical cable and fiber on E2E links. the R&D Center of C h i n a Te l e c o m Qu a n z h o u b e g a n testing and verifying the configurations and planning the project based on the network environment and business demands.000 lines. The resulting specifications served as direct. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned. effective guidelines for the maintenance personnel in the various centers to distribute services in line with a workflow. Editor: Li Xuefeng xuefengli@huawei. and e-government services. Doing so has not only met the requirements for rapid and massive deployment but also provided a simple and clear management model for routine maintenance. Finally. the equipment automatically rolls back. enterprise private line. and requires high-grade voice. system and the centralized ONU predeployment system. the team successfully built a fiber to the desktop (FTTD) network in the Donghai Administration Building. China Telecom Quanzhou has made remarkable progress in FTTx construction. In the event of a service distribution failure. Meanwhile. and commissioning was given to equipment center personnel at county and city levels and in Quanzhou. the China Telecom Quanzhou-Huawei joint FTTx research team relocated to the Administrative Service Center in Quanzhou to build an FTTH network. China Telecom Quanzhou integrated the resource management 35
SEP 2010 . Through this organizational restructuring and multi-level training. It delegated part of the terminal maintenance work to the branch offices while asking China Telecom Fujian to facilitate core network maintenance. VoIP. ISSUE 57
. Optical access maintenance teams were also set up in key counties and cities by integrating original equipment personnel with line center personnel. Therefore. 2) real case training on OLT and ONU product and service configuration. modules.
Organizational restructuring to ensure FTTx success
As the ne w FT Tx technologies and multi-service operations posed a new challenge to the traditional O&M organizational structure and personnel of China Telecom Quanzhou. 3) training on network management. Numerous business demands and frequent version upgrades affect new equipment at the initial stage of FTTx construction. the operator standardized the label identification of equipment.com/communicate. data. problem analysis and solutions was provided for key network control and equipment center personnel. the equipment center personnel can
Remarkable progress in FTTx
F o l l o w i n g C h i n a Te l e c o m ’s guidelines for optical access network promotion. It has also developed a systematic solution for network resource management after proposing a range of customized system development requirements. After thoroughly analyzing existing optical cable resources and conventional management methods and operating habits. The operator has explored all-optical access resource management models that center on the existing network resource management architecture and operating habits. and mobile bearer services as each service has its own procedures and requirements.How to Operate
China Telecom Quanzhou champions FTTx distribution of Internet access. especially Huawei’s comprehensive resource management concept. Huawei partnered with China Telecom Quanzhou to deliver a three-tier training program: 1) training on product introduction. To streamline the process. video.huawei.
An FTTH plan covers active devices (OLT and ONT) and a passive optical distribution network (ODN). providing a physical channel for optical transmission between the OLT and ONU. As a critical and difficult aspect of FTTH deployment. and a key part of FTTH network planning. Appropriate ODN network planning is crucial to effectively guiding ODN construction and reining in the costs. For example. While topology for active devices is quite
simple. optical dividers. the ODN needs numerous fibers. fiber will replace the copper wiring in connecting homes and enterprises. optical network terminal (ONT) and the optical distribution network (ODN). It is usually comprised of fiber cables. To guarantee correct fiber routing. Within a radius of 20km or farther from the exchange to subscriber homes. the OLT is generally located in the central equipment room to cover more subscribers with fewer nodes. ISSUE 57
. ODN planning must fully address considerations in OLT site selection. cable access point and home access. ODN is more complex. bringing radical changes to the last mile of access networks. and supporting devices that connect the components. strongly impacts the total cost. optical divider location.
By Xue Qiang. cables. The ODN has five components: feeder. The ODN is an important component of the FTTH network. the optical distribution network (ODN). optical cable distribution node.Huawei Communicate
A closer look
Mass FTTH ODN deployment
As FTTH networks are deployed on a massive scale. Resources should be used more
SEP 2010 . o u t d o o r c o n n e c t o r b ox l o c a t i o n . the utilization of existing pipes and cables and the distribution of target subscribers. optical connectors. China Unicom
Planning is key
here are three parts in an FTTH network: the optical line terminal (OLT). passive nodes and massive engineering. Statistics show that the ODN cost accounts for 50% to 70% of the total FTTH investment. system performance and reliability of FTTH networks. cable distribution part.
When subscribers activate services at different times. ODN engineering technology and processes are a must. their protection level. In addition. This helps them prevent project risks and ensure business success. In this way. Operators need to establish strict construction acceptance criteria to clearly define responsibilities and guarantee construction quality. Operators must fully consider this situation during actual network construction to maximize ODN resource utilization and readily adapt to capacity expansion requirements. For example. A future-proof ODN deployment underpins sustainable FTTH development. As the 37
SEP 2010 . For mass FTTH deployment. In addition to improving customer satisfaction. ODN products from different vendors may vary widely in consistency. ODN quality is determined by a combination of product and construction quality.
Quality is prerequisite
Successful FTTH network operations are largely contingent on QoS. consistent engineering quality can be guaranteed and the operators’ expenditure on managing construction teams kept in check. Small-diameter FTTH indoor cables made of anti-friction material can address problems such as a shortage of pipelines and limited distribution space inside
. By contrast. further enhancing the loyalty of existing subscribers. For the sake of efficiency. the architecture should be sufficiently stable and reliable to accommodate future network evolution. equipment and operating costs. which in turn reduces activation efficiency and complicates project implementation. a substandard ODN could incur high costs for reworking and reconstruction. As ODN construction involves large amounts of underground work and a long service life. In some cases. Fiber engineering is more sophisticated than copper wire networking. Currently. factory-fabricated connections and fusions can significantly increase onsite productivity and shorten the time for service activation as links can be activated through simple plugging. the ODN must be able to fulfill requirements over the next two decades or longer. For outdoor products. a system integrator or general contractor is selected to oversee end-toend FTTH network quality. operators have to provide ODN wiring products and solutions that suit various buildings. There is an urgent need for operators to establish a set of unified standards for ODN products. traditional welding can take a considerable amount of time. Indoor wiring is particularly a new domain for operators and must accommodate individual user requirements. The industry has also proposed a number of new solutions to distribute fibers inside a building faster. reliability. Suitable indoor wiring guidelines are essential for high-quality engineering. a complete set of specifications and systematic training. it is hard to define responsibilities and trace the causes of problems. the Chinese market lacks unified standards for ODN quality. Fiber entry to the home is the first important step in the mass deployment of FTTH for service provisioning. which in turn hinges on ODN quality. A suitable ODN plan helps to considerably reduce engineering. simple and swift service provisioning enables operators to shift focus away from network equipment O&M to customer experience. Currently. Currently. When it comes to construction quality. two phases may be implemented years apart and several construction teams are likely to work simultaneously.How to Operate
A closer look: mass FTTH ODN deployment efficiently through central optical division in the initial stage when subscribers are widely scattered. and performance. operators often use subcontractors and ODN construction is usually divided into two phases: home pass and home entry. the industry tends to offer a preconnected solution for home fiber access. operators may need to disassemble equipment repeatedly for fiber fusion and other operations. it is imperative for operators to have well-trained professional engineers. resistance to high and low temperatures and materials all affect performance and reliability. ISSUE 57
New technology for efficient home entry
Operators rely on efficient service provisioning to outpace competitors. As a result. Most operators draft a detailed network plan with the help of a specialized design institute or advisory body. FTTH indoor cables with a small bending radius can serve wiring needs in a building with many corners. such as the massive national broadband construction in Singapore. As network size grows. As part of the FTTH network infrastructure.
operators need to consider intelligent fiber management solutions early on in the construction phase. Then. making sustainable network operation and maintenance difficult. problems arising from inaccurate information. and difficulties with fiber information maintenance. providing solid assurance for mass FTTH deployment. like rework in fiber repairs.
SEP 2010 . On June 8. fiber management over the last mile will become a key O&M concern for operators.
Intelligent fiber management supports mass deployment
Over the next few years. Most importantly. over 50 fixed network operators attended the FTTH & Next Generation Access Summit 2010 in London to jointly explore ways to “respond to challenges from mass FTTH deployment” and s h a re e x p e r i e n c e s i n m a s s F T T H commercialization. workloads and errors resulting from manual recording. Spurred by the challenge of the surging number of FTTH fibers. BT showcased its solution of deploying optical dividers in largecapacity connector boxes. the solution supports automatic fiber and port search and location. helping ensure accurate maintenance and troubleshooting. Most importantly. Huawei unveiled its Easy ODN solution as a key part of its total SingleFAN FTTH solution. while highquality ODN deployment sets the stage for future operations. Swift service provisioning is essential for grabbing market share.
A suitable ODN plan lays the groundwork for successful FTTH network deployment. while high-quality ODN deployment sets the stage for future operations.com/communicate. 2010. the error rate of fiber data management in FTTB scenarios has exceeded 20%. exchanges in China market are expected to house over 20. By automatically identifying and collecting data on ODN fiber connections. Tailored for cable distribution in buildings. In summary. only effective fiber resource management can sustain the operation and management of large networks. Combined with visualized software running on PDAs and intelligent port indications on distribution devices. fibers must be located and handled manually and efficiency is inevitably impacted. Swift service provisioning is essential for grabbing market share.
Editor: Xu Peng xupeng@huawei. Hu a w e i h a s c o m e u p w i t h a n intelligent fiber management solution called iODN to address the issues caused by manual entry. As FTTH networks are deployed on a massive scale. can be handled.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. A new type of vertical distribution cable can be used directly without welding. it gets rid of the hassle of duplicate task dispatching due to inaccurate data. only effective fiber resource management can sustain the operation and management of large networks. these solutions clear the way for distribution and increase distribution efficiency. complicating fiber maintenance and troubleshooting. To lower maintenance costs. which can simplify site acquisition and reduce link loss. During the conference. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned. like heavy workloads and high error rates. The solution is designed to properly manage fiber connections through intelligent fiber management.huawei. In addition. increase maintenance
efficiency and simplify O&M procedures. The high error rate is largely attributed to the manual operation of entering passive network information into the database. a suitable ODN plan lays the groundwork for successful FTTH network deployment. significantly improving O&M efficiency and paving the way for sustainable FTTH network operation and management. ISSUE 57
. In fact. The onestop solution enables operators to accelerate FTTH deployment efforts and move optical access networks forward into an era of easy O&M. some far-sighted operators and equipment vendors have begun to research solutions.000 fiber lines. global operators including BT and leading vendors like Huawei demonstrated their ODN solutions for mass FTTH deployment.Huawei Communicate
The analysis result can also be taken as a reference of environment criteria for the selection of FTTx solutions for field network deployment.G. He’s also the secretary of the GeSI-EE IOCG Standardization Branch.
The architectural scope would be rather wide if all system nodes of a fixed network would be included and allocated to the specific network. event or product. several standardization efforts are in progress with a carbon disclosure focus.
Taking this into account.
Carbon efficiency evaluation of
What are the implications of different FTTx deployment modes on energy usage? How should operators optimize the FTTx system to minimize carbon emission? The joint LCA case study by Telecom Italia and Huawei on FTTx carbon efficiency evaluation provides valuable reference.
By Dr. Telecom Italia and Huawei have jointly performed a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) analysis using the LCA software SimaPro in order to estimate the carbon footprint of the introduction of three different FTTx networks: FTTC (Fiber to the Cabinet). The reason is that CO2 emissions contribute to the acidification of our oceans and together with other greenhouse gases increase the greenhouse effect. Another trend is that carbon emissions caps or taxes probably will be sooner or later introduced in a formal way. LCAs often make use of approximate figures and simulations and as a result the results are not very exact. where he’s responsible for the project “Innovative Solutions for Powering and Energy Efficiency in the Access Network”. The
. there is some sort of carbon tax confusion for the ICT industry regarding answers to the questions how? how much? and who will pay? Moreover.Gianluca Griffa
t has recently become popular to express the carbon footprint.
Several LCA case studies of fixed networks have been performed prior to this study. The carbon analyses are inspiring a reborn awareness about resource conservation and efficiency. Gianluca Griffa joined Telecom Italia in 2001 and currently works in the Wireline Access
Infrastructure Innovation Department. i. The general trend for fixed broadband is that FT Tx will over take ADSL platforms and the number of FTTx subscribers is increasing exponentially. In life cycle simulations carbon dioxide emissions are rather straight–forward to estimate compared to others and the energy used is often fossil based. Andrae & Dr. and member of the ETNO Energy Task Force. transparency and spreading of result data are issues.e. Anders S. but still useful.
SEP 2010 . ISSUE 57
Huawei foresees that life cycle assessment (LCA) will be the major tool for many years to come as presently there is no other accepted framework to estimate the environmental footprints of products and services. However.How to Operate
Dr. In this paper we present a unique LCA case study of fixed broadband networks. Through the LCA analysis it is possible to provide carbon emission value of the system under study in whole life cycle and to optimize it by finding the energy usage and carbon emission “hot–spots”. FTTB (Fiber to the Building). and FTTH (Fiber to the Home). Currently. They indicate that customer premise equipment (CPE) energy usage is a very important contributor to carbon footprint.total set of greenhouse gas emissions caused by an organization. All sectors of society should therefore try to identify and reduce CO2 emissions.
three different solutions have been considered: mini–trench.5km
~ (20+15)meters (vertical + in-house)
primary~ 1. For example. 2 shows some results for the
SEP 2010 . These parts were excluded as they likely are a small share of the total score. traditional civil works and usage of existing ducts. the scope was expanded in order to include manufacturing of hardware assumed entirely in China.87 ton is used as the fiber cables can be in FTTH
20 apartments/ building
the ground for 30 years. Scenario development is unavoidable in LCA studies and here a greenfield and brownfield scenario for deployment was set according to Table 1.
OTN OTN OTN OTN secondary ~ 0.G. but per year only 0. These omitted parts constitute the so called “cut–off”. 1 as an example. Per year only 2. Andrae is a Senior Expert of LCA Research at Huawei Technologies Sweden
since 2008. Other excluded parts are splitters and distribution boxes. 26 ton fiber cables are deployed for FTTH.000 homes during one year”.
transport and core network equipment such as LAN switches and routers are excluded as well as the PCs and already installed copper cables. and FTTH technologies. the LCA model for FTTH network consists of 14 main modules (Table 2). The amount needed of each LCA module is decided by each individual FTTH deployment. deployment of each network. and end-of-life. The CO2 emission variation can be quite high in between different trenching and civil works activities and they have to be specified for each case study. Anders S. Included is the fixed access network from the OLT on the Central Office to the ONU/ONT on the user side as well as the optical distribution network (ODN) connecting them.
Data collection and LCA modeling
St a r t i n g f ro m t h e p owe r u s a g e measurements of three different networks. and the system boundaries are from cradle-tograve.3km
1:80 4 links to 4 buildings
Limit for acceptable bandwidth: 80 apartments/GPON interface
Fig. and the author of 3 books and 29 journal and conference papers in the area of LCA. FTTB. The purifying and drawing of optical fiber in its production were excluded. transport from China to Italy.
For the environmental LCA the functional unit is “broadband network in an Italian urban dense area for use by 10. the scope was chosen to highlight differences in between FTTC. Typical for ICT networks is that the lifetime of system parts vary and this has to be handled when expressing the result annually.Huawei Communicate
Dr. 1 Architecture for FTTH Table 1 Assumptions for greenfield and brownfield deployment in Italy Network type Deployment type Mini–trench FTTC FTTB FTTH Greenfield scenario/ Greenfield scenario/ Greenfield scenario/ Brownfield scenario (%) Brownfield scenario (%) Brownfield scenario (%) 15/35 0/25 0/25 100/50 0/25 0/25 100/50
Traditional civil works 15/35 Existing deployment 70/30
Results and discussion
Fig. That is. On a relatively high level. He is rapporteaur at ETSI for LCA standards. The detailed architecture and parameters of each FTTx solutions were also defined. The lifetime of the studied FTTx networks was assumed to be 30 years and therefore the amounts of different hardware and cables is proportional to their lifetime. reviewer for LCA journals. ISSUE 57
. FTTH case is shown below in Fig.000 HGW (ONT) are used as their lifetime was assumed to be 5 years. Concerning the digging methods in deployment.
The brownfield deployment/low power scenario highlights FTTH as the winning architecture (220 tons compared to 580 for FTTB and 530 for FTTC).g. The difference between the systems was shown to be enough to draw conclusions. FTTH is considerably more efficient (“more output than input”) than especially FTTC. respectively. and sensitivity analyses in which the robustness of the results is tested. The use stage is doubtlessly the main contributor to carbon footprint for the greenfield and brownfield deployment scenario both. 2 on the right uses the values of Table 1 for a comparison of high power CPE greenfield and brownfield deployment scenarios. Landfill optical fiber cables 8.
SEP 2010 . As shown by Fig. The realistic low power hypothesis is that the HGWs are on full mode for 4 hours and in low power mode for 20. This means that the most important criteria from carbon point of view. For example. concrete) and deployment operations. uncertainty. Waste treatment cabinets 14. Electricity. Optical fiber production 2. HGW ONT production 11. when optical fibers have already been deployed. Mini–trench deployment 6. As shown below in Fig. FTTH is better (770 tons) than FTTC (950 tons) and FTTB (1. For FTTC controlling the power of the CPEs is more important than the technique used for deployment. the CO2e results for FTTB and FTTH calculated by LCA are (on average) 70% higher than results calculated by multiplying the electricity usage by a CO 2 emission factor.How to Operate
Carbon efficiency evaluation of FTTx deployment
Table 2 High level LCA modules for FTTH with units for CO2e (kgCO2e per unit) Name 1. deployment and use phases are more important than others. OLT FTTx production 12.e. This is similar to TCO calculations which favour FTTC over FTTB and FTTH when a new fiber deployment has to be done. an LCA approach is essential. The result is of comparable magnitude (per user) as earlier studies for FTTH. Sensitivity analysis is usually performed by alternating the data for key system components allowing new scenarios which are compared them to the original. Existing infrastructure deployment 5. ISSUE 57
The most important part of an LCA is the interpretation which includes contribution. For FTTH. for the brownfield deployment/high power CPE scenario. Italy 10. The saving potential shown in Figure 3 corresponds annually to around 10.000 tons). Incineration optical fiber cables 9.000 normal cars (167g CO 2e/km) driven 587 km each. Transport model from China to Italy 3. FTTC is better than FTTB and FTTH for greenfield deployment both for High and Low Power CPE. Uncertainty analysis in LCA investigates how the precision of used data influence the spread of the final score. is whether fiber has been deployed or not. Deployment includes manufacturing of site materials (e. i n Fi g . and Production. For all networks. On the other hand. Concerning FTTH.300 tons and the Use result is only 780 tons. It suggests that it is not enough to base the carbon footprint on electricity usage measurements alone. the brownfield deployment/ low power scenario is 80% better than the greenfield deployment/high power CPE scenario. Specifically for FTTH the most contributing processes are Italy electric production and diesel burnt in building machines. and therefore.
Carbon–efficiency is defined here as “average” bandwidth provided by each FTTx network divided by CO2 emissions for each FTTx network. 4. Waste treatment PCBAs 13. when choosing an FTTx network. FTTH is by far the best option even when the starting point is the greenfield deployment/high power CPE scenario.
For the alternative brownfield deployment assumption. This reduced the electricity usage by more than 80% for these HGWs. Traditional civil works deployment 7. Waste treatment cables Unit kgCO2e/km kgCO2e/ton×km kgCO2e/ton×km kgCO2e/km kgCO2e/km kgCO2e/km kgCO2e/kg kgCO2e/kg kgCO2e/kWh kgCO2e/piece kgCO2e/kg kgCO2e/kg kgCO2e/kg kgCO2e/kg
greenfield and brownfield deployment scenario. Fig. FTTB and FTTH use 100% and FTTC uses 70% of existing infrastructure (Table 1). According to contribution analysis (Fig. To further exemplify the sensitivity a n a l y s i s . the main drivers for carbon footprint are the electricity usage of the home
. For FTTB and FTTH the deployment technique becomes almost as important as the power mode. for FTTB the LCA derived result is 1. Truck transports in Italy 4. 2) the most important phases are Use. i. 3 t h e g re e n f i e l d deployment/high power CPE scenario is compared to a more realistic brownfield deployment/low power CPE scenario. the production. The production includes manufacturing of network equipment and transport of goods from China to Italy. Deployment. 2 for greenfield deployment.
FTTC.000 subscribers during one year 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 Production 180 220 98 42 2 2 Deployment (brownfield) 100 Deployment (greenfield) Use 350 460
gateways. FTTC architecture has the lowest amount of total CO 2 emissions both for high power CPE (appr.8
For the first time FTTC.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. The inclusion of “average” bandwidth gives an advantage for FTTH as more data can be transferred more efficient and faster.0 0. even though that is a necessary starting point for further research. There are two major conclusions to make from the case study. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned.
-1 -1 -2 End-of-life Total (brownfield) Total (greenfield)
FTTB. Robust LCA studies support two major benefits. 2 Carbon footprint for the greenfield and brownfield deployment in Italy
ton 1600 1200 8000 590 4000 0 High power CPE Low power CPE High power CPE Low power CPE High power CPE Low power CPE 530 580
Sensitivity analyses . and FTTH. when choosing an FTTx network. other impact categories than global warming potential must be analysed.
SEP 2010 . In the second case. ISSUE 57
FTTB. The most important criterion from carbon point of view. this study has shown that it is also not enough to compare the life cycles for the hardware systems alone.
– Greenfield&Brownfield deployment scenario (high power CPE) Italy
FTTC FTTB FTTH 730 780 690 1000 950 770
1300 1200 1000
End–of–life processes seem to be irrelevant from a carbon emission point of view.com/communicate. is whether fiber has been deployed or not. 1. This will on the other hand demand
more primary data collection than carbon footprint estimations.4 0. Moreover. in order to get a more comprehensive understanding of the environmental implication of the present networks.10. This analysis has highlighted that it is not enough to base the carbon footprint on electricity usage measurements alone. As the databases and LCA methodologies are improved. Moreover. Second.000 tons) and low power CPE (appr. their manufacturing. for greenfield deployment in Italy. 100Mbps
Fig. 50Mbps FTTH. the introduction of other footprints (such as water footprint) will be trivial.Huawei Communicate
ton 1600 Carbon footprint for 10. the first study helps to clarify the goals for the next product generation.0 0.huawei. 3 Combined effect of deployment methods and power mode of CPE
ton 160 120 80 40 0 100
kgCO2e/user/year 130 120
[Mbps]:[kgCO2e/user/year] 1. First.8 0. it is also found that FTTH is the most efficient solution (“more output than input”) considering the bandwidth provided. FTTB and FTTH broadband networks have been simultaneously compared by using LCA with a functional unit of “broadband network in an Italian urban dense area for use by 10.2 0.3 0. 590 tons). 50Mbps
FTTH.000 homes during one year”. and the use of diesel trucks in traditional civil works and mini–trench deployment.
Editor: Julia Yao Julia@huawei.6 0.000 users during one year Italy
Deployment (greenfield ) Deployment (brownfield) 1000 950 1300 1000 930 770 680 1200
80% reduction of carbon footprint!
Fig. To investigate such issues LCAs of ICT services are needed. 4 Results without considering the functions (services provided) of the systems
Huawei supports operators in their work to find the societal benefits of specific ICT services provided by the FTTC. In the first case the LCA shows where most environmental loadings occur and then the decision makers can find the most cost efficient solution to reduce these environmental loadings. The first is Benefit Maximization (most environmental reduction for least economic cost) and the second Continuous Improvement.4 0. It was beyond the scope of the case study to find out if FTTH is also more effective (accomplished work compared to planned target) in specific working situations than FTTB and FTTC. FTTB.
but also eliminates the need for frequent access device upgrades and the construction of new 43
SEP 2010 . including copper wires and fibers. Secondly. high speed broadband access. t h e s o l u t i o n d e l i v e r s convergent access through a unified box that is compatible with a diverse range of access media. simplifying network deployment and providing a userfriendly maintenance approach through the SingleFAN solution helps operators minimize O&M expenditure and labor cost. the solution accelerates the learning curve for maintenance engineers as the all-inclusive box incorporates most access devices. Fi r s t l y. Thirdly. the solution minimizes network CAPEX without investment on switch convergence. Previous experience with copper wires is not transferable to FTTx networks. the solution combines capabilities such as TDM/ATM service PW emulation to realize full-service access through a single network. In addition to triple-play for residential subscribers. Combined with high-density GE access that is comparable to highend Ethernet switches. and testing new services and functions.
Many operators believe that the largest obstacle during FT Tx construction is maintenance. The solution’s rapid deployment time shortens new service and product time to market. the solution minimizes o p e r a t o r s’ e x p e n d i t u re o n t h e convergence layer as convergent OLTs simplify network structure by widening coverage and connecting directly with the BRAS. and ultimately drives up profits for operators. Huawei’s SingleFAN technology embodies a lean. Since the old way of cutting equipment costs by improving semiconductor technology no longer works. ISSUE 57
access networks for each additional access mode. The fully integrated system saves the time and costs associated with integrating equipment with the NMS and OSS. and removes the need for technicians to understand newly added access products. Operators are able to construct a much simpler ubiquitous access network that offers subscribers a consistent and superior experience. In addition. FTTx node division also multiplies and diversifies the range of devices.o n e design concept. beats down OPEX. Traditional network structure suffers from stovepiping and repeated construction. This is exactly where the SingleFAN solution comes in. which in turn necessitates far more site visits and manpower input. and this
complicates both network deployment and maintenance. the one-stop ODN p rov i d e s a s o l u t i o n p a c k a g e t h a t spans planning. Un d e r p i n n e d b y a n a l l .Solution
the beauty of simplicity
By providing a unified access platform for copper and fiber access. product design and engineering. regardless of access medium.
By Huang Xinqiang
ccess networks are becoming increasingly complex as the dominant trends shift to All-IP. which greatly accelerates
. optimizes efficiency. highly expandable. and multi-service bearer capabilities. The solution’s strong scalability not only meets soaring bandwidth demands. As labor costs are higher in developed economies. and CAPEX-lite solution that meets growing bandwidth demands. which leads to a surging investment burden.i n . operators are forced to lower costs by simplifying their network structures. the SingleFAN solution deploys a convergent service bearer layer.
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. but are now moving to long-tail services. cutting invalid dispatches by 30%. rapidity of technological progress and the vagaries of market demand. software architecture. to construct next-generation broadband access networks. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned. Huawei is cooperating with over 50 operators globally. slashing labor costs by 60%. copper wire to fiber access.
SEP 2010 . and PON to NG PON. ISSUE 57
. Finally. enterprise terminals. The solution’s onetouch automatic service provisioning capability enables operators to deploy devices and activate services through a single site visit. IPv4 to IPv6.o n e architecture incorporates a complete range of future-proof evolution capabilities. the SingleFAN copper wire and fiber line maintenance system simplifies line maintenance and speeds up troubleshooting. Operators can extend their reach from access channels to homes. including British Telecom. By following the “less is more” p r i n c i p l e . Traditionally.
Editor: Chen Yuhong chyhong@huawei. PSTN to IMS.
The SingleFAN solution provides Diff-Serv and lean service control capabilities coupled with an open platform for smart terminals.com/communicate. the 27 EU countries must invest a staggering 250 billion pounds. guaranteeing the protection of their investment. France Telecom.
Estimates suggest that. These features enable new ser vices to be continually launched and QoE to climb rapidly. and service platforms.
A rosy profit outlook
Another challenge for operators in the broadband era is the necessity to increase ARPU. which explains the high level of attention the solution has received from operators. these capabilities maximally protect operators’ investment by enabling the seamless evolution of the following features: ATM to IP. operators are keen to deploy an access network that can flexibly and smoothly evolve with future trends.huawei. and service development.ODN deployment. Such a massive investment is a risky proposition given the lengthy construction timeline. H u a w e i ’s S i n g l e FA N broadband access solution substantially cuts deployment costs and increases network profitability. It is imperative – and no longer optional – for operators to expand their business reach from pipelines to service platforms and subscriber terminals.
T h e S i n g l e F A N ’s a l l . Currently. and thus increase ARPU.i n . The value of the entire industry chain is extending from network pipelines to ser vice platforms and subscriber terminals. Covering the network backplane. they have relied on killer applications. Deutsche Telekom and Singapore’s Nucleus Connect. to realize broadband network construction. As access networks account for 70% of total network investment.
Fiber ID management: Embedded with an eID. manual operations induce inefficient O&M. the access layer must come equipped with a huge optical distribution network (ODN). as it is fundamentally more complex than a copper wire network. Second. while the PDA connects with. Given the ever-increasing bandwidth demand by services. ODN construction does not come cheap.
By Li De
ODN management is vital
tatistics reveal that 150 million FTTx subscriber lines were deployed worldwide in 2009. the answer is a decisive “yes”. In China. First. a smart fiber manager
With the ODN driving down construction costs and boosting ROI. the iODN through a USB port. the eID provides a globally unique identifier that stores data of a given fiber. The solution adds a number of intelligent capabilities to the network without changing any passive ODN features. First. Over the next three years. Second. Port search indication: Activated by the management module. This raises the precision and ease of onsite maintenance via a visual interface. Efficient ODN construction and O&M necessitate a set of intelligent and accurate management solutions that fully utilize the ODN and effectively protect long-term investment. By managing the eID. Incorporating a PDA with visualization software to simplify and enhance field
operations. In addition. port searches. operating and maintaining the ODN cost-effectively. and the collation of port status data. The PDA enables the ODN to communicate with the inventory management system in real time through a wireless MAN or a wired broadband network. unlike the ODN’s predominant P2MP topology that requires multiple connecting nodes and a solution for complex network management. it serves
. which is then retrieved during service activation and maintenance. The latter exists through a simple P2P structure. the solution provides such intelligent capabilities as fiber connection identification and management. Consequently. manual data entry is plagued by an average error rate of 20%. c a n O D N m a n a g e m e n t b e automated to solve these problems? With Huawei’s intelligent ODN (iODN) solution. leading operators and
SEP 2010 . and connected optical splitter or distribution module. Similar to an MAC address. this management model creates two major problems. each port in an iODN device uses an LED indicator to display the fiber port that requires maintenance. However. and database information quickly becomes out of date due to improper management. So . At the O&M phase. however. During construction. pipes. intelligent optical splitter management. position in the optical cable sequence. Port status collection: An iODN device can automatically collect and report the resource status by reading and then downloading the fiber connection status of all ports to the PDA through a USB port. including its route. the year 2009 saw the deployment of 20 million FTTx ports and 55 million kilometers of fiber core. The ODN also represents the most difficult part of FTTx management. fibers are more vulnerable to operational errors and attacks by rodents. up to 800 million FTTx subscriber lines are expected to be added.
iODN: an ideal management tool
ODN management is simple and basic in the context of a PON. the solution controls fiber links across the ODN by such means as automatically generating a topology and checking the fiber connections. intelligent fiber indicators. The iODN is the culmination of the industry’s strong focus on building. The inventory management system stores data about copper wires. such as numbering board ports from left to right and manually entering all network information into a database. ISSUE 57
standardization organizations such as the ITU-T are beginning to prioritize feasible ODN management. Human error compromises this process. all fibers in a PON are located manually. and can temporarily power. To ride the FTTx boom. the fiber connector reads the eID data of plug-in fibers to realize intelligent fiber management. reflecting a 20% annual growth rate in the fiber area. which lowers network management efficiency and dampens broadband service growth. a smart fiber manager
The iODN. fibers. engineers must print engineering drawings and perform tasks by default rules. heralding an FTTx boom.Solution
The iODN. and distribution frames. Visualized PDA: The PDA provides three functions. accounting for up to 5070% of total FTTH investment. it supplies t e m p o r a r y p owe r v i a a U S B p o r t connection and activates the management module of the iODN. the ODN must be able to sustain long-term broadband network development regardless of the technology and the lifecycle of major equipment. FTTx is powering along a rapid development path.
operational instructions. reducing costs.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. Third. engineers can use the PDA to collate connections and port status data. engineers can simply insert the PDA into the iODN. the system can automatically generate the tools and materials required for a dispatch list and create an online material request workflow.
Editor: Li Xuefeng xuefengli@huawei. the inventory management system supports a variety of value-added applications for automated construction and O&M. Construction tasks can be accurately and efficiently completed by following
the LED indicators and the PDA. Based on the iODN structure. the Huawei iODN solution represents the optimum method for easing the challenges of construction and O&M.Huawei Communicate
as a communication bridge between the iODN and the inventory management system to enable data exchange. helping them perform O&M tasks accurately. The PDA and the iODN connect via a USB connector. rather than completing them during construction. and the LED indicator and the PDA display will immediately indicate if a port requires maintenance. As a smart fiber network manager. The PDA also automatically records changes to the data about fiber links. significantly improving O&M efficiency. ports and others and reports them to the inventory management system to synchronize system data. For instance.
Unprecedented ease of use
Intelligent and automated. and maximizing efficiency. ease and accuracy for engineers. which the PDA then uploads to the inventory management system.huawei. it facilitates dispatch list management.
SEP 2010 . the iODN solution automatically re c o rd s a n d m a n a g e s O D N f i b e r connection information to maintain the accuracy and timeliness of the inventory management system and eliminate human error. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned. Instead of completing a confirmation form on project completion. and automation capabilities that vastly improve O&M efficiency and protect ODN investment. the visualization software on the PDA and the smart LED indications on the iODN combine to support automatic fiber search and accurate operations. ISSUE 57
. Each function is accompanied by a graphical interface. When the PDA has obtained electronic dispatch lists during routine maintenance.com/communicate. the iODN solution infuses the end-to-end ODN construction and maintenance process with cutting-edge electronics. The solution allows engineers to freely download electronic drawings on a PDA through wireless or fixed networks. so engineers are no longer required to memorize a series of default rules. In addition. the iODN and PDA can automatically navigate engineers to ODN sites without the need for information analysis. which greatly improves O&M efficiency. Thus. as the major construction and maintenance interface. and information inquiries. With its built-in GPS. intelligence.
First. Second. FTTx networks need a large quantity of remote equipment and individual deployment.
raditional access networks are based upon point-to-point star topology and use copper wiring to connect home users. To manage the FTTx network. FTTx has a large number of passive nodes in the optical distribution network (ODN). a c c e p t t h e equipment and consequently more man hours are spent and progress is slower.Solution
Efficient FTTx O&M: a checklist
Efficient FTTx O&M: a checklist
By Luo Jie & Zhang Yufen
New challenges Knowing how to efficiently deploy a massive FTTx network will help operators maintain their competitive edge. Access is mainly through a network bridge. Unlike copper access. ISSUE 57
. while services and control are realized on the upper network layer. As richer services are introduced and equipment is deployed outside equipment rooms. the NMS needs further configuration. network O&M becomes more complex. service provisioning can be time consuming. network operation and maintenance (O&M) is relatively simple and mature. FTTx networks use point-to-multipoint (P2MP) tree topology. FTTx does not use a simple one-to-one connection between an end user and a PON port. In comparison. Though single-point fault detections for the optical
SEP 2010 . while optical network units (ONUs) are located in a complex network environment. c o m m i s s i o n s o f t w a re . network deployment can be inefficient. When processing a service application. troubleshooting is difficult. The network management system (NMS) requires smooth collaboration with the operations support system (OSS). In this context. Engineers must be on site to install hardware. engineers need to connect the user terminal to a PON port. Compared with copper access. Third.
iManager U2560 terminal management system: S u p p o r t i n g t h e T R .0 6 9 Amendment. the U2560 can deliver uniform management and maintenance to DSL gateways and PON terminals from different vendors. The legacy manual system could activate only two new FTTH users per day. and ONU. China Telecom. it can accurately locate faults on an ODN network. With standard interfaces. highly skilled maintenance personnel are necessary.
also provides consulting services. The U2000 NMS can be integrated w i t h a l l m a i n s t re a m O S S s i n t h e industry. MDU. this can lead to heavier workload as all possible fault points need to be checked. Operators are also facing increased user complaints and in-home visits for terminal maintenance.
Intelligent fault diagnosis
By u s i n g b o t h t h e U 2 0 0 0 a n d N2510. the NMS will deliver the configuration data and automatically upgrade the equipment. To ensure fast and high-quality integration. The same project takes only half a day. including France Telecom. the system can analyze the test data and route it to the fault library.com/communicate. By monitoring KPIs like CPU usage. Based on the simple network management protocol (SNMP) and the TR-069 Amendment. After simulating calls and testing the internal/external lines. easy O&M
Operators can enhance network deployment efficiency. and it has been adopted by over 100 operators worldwide. Huawei has rolled out an E2E FTTx O&M solution. It used to take an engineer a full day to configure 8. With the U2000. Using the northbound interface of the U2000. optical power and uplink/downlink rates. Huawei’s FTTx O&M solution has been adopted by over 30 operators worldwide. and performance data on the OLT and ONU. Diagnostics are freed from manual operation. troubleshooting and network upgrades. network monitoring. Engineers can then quickly perform a test to verify whether the fiber line is working well.
A full-process O&M for the FTTx network will help operators enhance their efficiency and reduce O&M costs. locating faults accurately and simplifying O&M. configuration. iManager U2000 NMS: This is a high performance. operators
SEP 2010 . Operators can use the U2560 to uniformly manage WLAN devices and home terminals. China Telecom Wenzhou has established a smooth system for resource management and service provisioning. When the equipment is powered on. Engineers can write equipment configuration data into an Excel file. automated troubleshooting.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. Without a comprehensive diagnostic tool. which is especially helpful in a newly completed project. Taking China Telecom Xi’an for example. If a fault is identified. The NMS will also automatically verify the equipment by initiating simulation tests on MxUs and the test result will be automatically reported to the NMS. voice and IPTV can be automatically delivered. the N2510 queries the status. Services like data. Compared with manual O&M. and loop testing are available. As part of the effort. Huawei
can pre-deploy their equipment in batches. but now up to 100 MxUs can be configured in the same amount of time. while lowering the technical threshold for engineers in network O&M.
Editor: Liu Zhonglin liuzhonglin@huawei. which covers different network layers and helps operators to enhance efficiency in terms of engineering. remotely commission and verify their ONUs in a large quantity and speed up FTTx deployment.
Fast ONU deployment
With the U2000 system.000.
Automated service provisioning
The U2000 NMS also provides service configuration that spans OLT. this can help operators simplify network deployment and enhance efficiency. the system will give troubleshooting suggestion according to need. six engineers were required to commission 50 MxUs per day. The U2000 can also actively detect the FTTx network status in addition to the passive diagnosis. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned. when paired with the optical time-domain reflectometer (OTDR).huawei. China Mobile and Telekom Malaysia. but with the U2000 NMS. It can realize visualized management on ser vice topology. The N2510 can also work with the OTDR to locate fiber faults in an ODN. memory status. the NMS is backwardly compatible with legacy OSSs so maintenance personnel can still use the same system. iManager N2510 line assurance system: For optical line diagnosis. only one engineer is needed to write the configuration data and import it to the NMS. service provisioning. faults and system performance. FTTx O&M is simplified and the end result is a more seamless user experience. then import the data into the NMS. shorten service provisioning time and simplify troubleshooting with the Huawei E2E FTTx O&M solution. while managing access. operators can comprehensively diagnose and test network equipment for intelligent. network performance. ISSUE 57
. and network maintenance. temperature. individual ports. daily O&M. the U2560 can provide standard SNMP and XML interfaces. transmission and IP devices.Huawei Communicate
module. the U2000 can give an early warning signal for possible faults and deteriorating KPIs. large capacity convergent NMS with a modular design that can help operators with network deployment. they can now add up to 10.3 MxUs. By connecting the northbound interface of the NMS.
. network management system (NMS) upgrades. and OSS adjustment. how to ensure that the GPON can migrate to and coexist with the 10G GPON is a key design concern. the article will delve into scenario analysis.
By Wu Huazhong & Zhao Ming
SEP 2010 .Solution
From GPON to 10G GPON
From GPON to 10G GPON
Operators worldwide are showing greater enthusiasm for GPON-based FTTx construction. equipment change. Among all considerations. With this regard.
reasonable network architecture must be designed to support future network evolution and protect operator investments. They include the addition of 10G GPON cards to the OLT. modification of BRAS/AAA user data configurations.988) in June 2010. Another major concern in OLT upgrades is avoiding unnecessary changes to the upper-level NMS and to the OSS. This scenario deserves a detailed analysis as it is currently the focus of the 10G GPON standard and also the most possible deployment scenario.
remain the network infrastructure of choice for a long time to come. paving the way for uniform northbound interfaces (NBIs) and interoperability. the 10G GPON standard clearly specifies that 10G GPON can share the optical distribution network (ODN) and the optical network terminals (ONTs) with existing GPON. 10G GPON s t a n d a rd s o r g a n i z a t i o n s a re n ow formulating uniform management and interoperability standards. Medium-/longterm requirements must be fully considered for network deployment. Smooth system upgrades depend on software capabilities. From the deployment perspective. although d o m i n a n t . reasonable network architecture must be designed to support future network evolution and protect operator investments. OLT upgrading is an essential step. The 10G GPON
SEP 2010 . hardware
coexistence remains essentially the same all along.
OLT upgrade to minimize the impact upon services
In the process of upgrading a GPON to a 10G GPON. and the differences in software operations should be mainly considered for smooth upgrade. software system upgrading on the main equipment and user data configuration must be in-service software upgrade. 10G GPON may coexist with GPON in the following three scenarios. Also. Minimizing the impact of system upgrades upon user services is an important element to be considered in the upgrade solution.Huawei Communicate
Compatibility and smoothness
he compatibility between the new 10G GPON and the existing GPON is the most crucial factor in system evolution. the ITU-T passed the 10G GPON management and interoperability standard (G. There are several factors that are key to expanding the existing network to 10G GPON. all aspects involved in system evolution must be taken into account. Also. At the last stage when the 10G GPON is fully mature. A uniform management standard that enables multi-vendor interoperability between the optical line terminal (OLT) and the ONT also guarantees smooth evolution. the 10G GPON is introduced and built on the basis of the existing GPON. ensuring that the evolution process has minimal impact on the services for end users and on the current O&M system. a n d t h e h a rd w a re c a rd a d d i t i o n / replacement. At the intermediate stage. and its capacity needs to be expanded to meet the growing capacity demand. the software system of the OLT needs to mask the underlying implementation differences between the 10G GPON and the GPON from the upper-level NMS. NMS upgrade. 10G GPON compatibility with GPON requires hardware reuse. The first scenario is the most complicated as it involves the 10G GPON construction on the basis of the GPON and capacity expansion. To reduce the impact of these upgrades upon the user services on the live network. To achieve both. At the early stage. At the same time. In these scenarios. user data configuration. providing services for thousands of users. Smoothness is also important. the 10G GPON. n e e d s t o b e b a c k w a rd compatible with the GPON as it is not mature enough. and OSS resource management system updating. OLT upgrades involve software systems. ODN reuse. software upgrade and data adjustment. A smooth upgrade has the minimal impact on services and does not complicate operations. Medium-/long-term requirements must be fully considered for network deployment. replacement or addition of 10G GPON optical network units (ONUs). OLTs are deployed on the network. Currently. which are largely influenced by software and data adjustment. Based on the GPON interoperability standard. the GPON will give way to the 10G GPON as they cannot meet service requirements any longer. ISSUE 57
Analysis of evolution solutions
The optical access network will
. W h e t h e r h a rd w a re c a n b e re u s e d depends on physical layer specifications.
The optical access network will remain the network infrastructure of choice for a long time to come.
it is necessary to add to the ODN a wavelength coupler (WDM1r) that superimposes the GPON and 10G GPON signals. ISSUE 57
. Huawei continues to verify the integrity. status. With an in-depth understanding of the evolution from GPON to 10G GPON. fiber to the building/curb (FTTB/C).S. configuration. it is of utmost importance to find the best location for the WDM1r to facilitate installation and fiber jumping. and reliability of these solutions through customer pilots run with Verizon in the U. and is leading the industry in both 10G GPON products and solutions. 10G GPON ONUs must be plug-and-play (PnP) when all preparations are made for service configurations and fiber lines. But ease of deployment should be the common key attribute of an ONU. information about users’ corresponding physical locations (like the subrack. as the GPON and 10G GPON coexist in WDM mode. there are multiple WDM1r solution choices for specific ODN environments. comprehensive analysis should be conducted to ensure that the best upgrade solution is developed. the live GPON ONU must have built-in wavelength blocking filters (WBFs) to prevent 10G GPON and GPON signals from interfering with each other. and service assurance and to avoid unnecessary adjustments on the OSS.
Editor: Li Xuefeng xuefengli@huawei. a certain power budget margin shall be reserved for future upgrade to the 10G GPON. ODN design for GPON deployment varies from operator to operator. ease of use. slot. standalone cards. and internal integration of 10G GPON boards. Huawei has come up with GPON solutions that are commercially deployed worldwide. When 10G GPON is introduced to a GPON system. the WBF in the ONU must be able to separate the downstream optical signals of the RF Overlay from those of the 10G GPON. In the 10G GPON evolution solution. Therefore. After the upgrade. performance statistics and alarms in order to avoid unwanted changes to the NMS and O&M. At the same time. the electronic version and subscription information are available at www. and major Chinese operators. At each stage. To deploy 51
SEP 2010 .
Consistency of operations in the NMS
The NMS also needs to be upgraded to support the 10G GPON. which also applies to the current GPON. the NMS must be consistent with the original system in the O&M interfaces and procedures to ensure that O&M engineers can perform operations without changing methods. for the 10G GPON is a network overlaying the GPON. In terms of hardware. ONUs. including external ODFs. service provisioning. which are diverse in form. the RF Overlay.com/communicate. Only the user data of the 10G GPON users needs to be configured on the BRAS/AAA server. GPON user data will not change. optical diagnosis means. At the same time. WDM1r will introduce additional power loss (>1dB).huawei. In either mode.
PnP feature of ONUs as a crucial factor
10G GPON can be applied in various scenarios. As the 10G GPON coexists with the GPON in WDM mode. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned. most users are authenticated in PPPoE+ or DHCP Option 82 mode for enhanced security. The evolution from GPON to10G GPON is a complex process. In addition. the upgraded NMS must inherit the NBI specifications of the current GPON system so as to be compatible with the current OSS in resource management. But the differences in actual network design and service provisioning will have an impact on how the existing network equipment should be reused. including fiber to the home (FTTH). user data must be reconfigured according to the hardware and ONUs actually configured.
Maximum possible reuse of ODN
One of the design objectives – also a standardization concern – is to allow 10G GPON coexistence with the live GPON so that the deployed network equipment can be reused to the maximum extent possible for investment protection. and fiber to the office (FTTO).Solution
From GPON to 10G GPON must be compatible with the live GPON in terms of authentication. and port) is stored on the AAA server. should be applicable to various installation scenarios. Therefore. careful. Specifically. During GPON ODN design.
Differences in BRAS/AAA configuration updates
Thanks for your reading.
there are a variety of DSL technologies to cancel interference on DSL lines. Therefore. And the first step toward a viable solution is to identify the root causes. VDSL2 uses a much wider bandwidth than voice. Transmitting signals with such a high frequency on common twisted pairs aggravates the interference between lines or crosstalk.Huawei Communicate
New technologies give DSL a fresh lease of life
Crosstalk between lines and external interference are the fundamental reasons for limited performance in commercial VDSL2 deployment. Fortunately for the industry. Profile 30a specified by VDSL2 (standardized as ITU-T G. VDSL2 devices permit up to 100Mbps in both uplink and downlink directions. In practice. and the service stability
is also a big challenge. The actual rate of VDSL2. while crosstalk occurs between neighboring lines. As a result. the bit error rate (BER) on transmission lines may increase and service interruption may occur. At higher frequency bands. Since most operators still have extensive copper-wire infrastructure.2)
adopts a bandwidth of up to 30MHz. the performance of twisted pairs will degenerate – the higher the frequency band.993. this model is currently regarded by many operators as the best solution for replacing copper wires with optical fibers. highfrequency signals transmitted through VDSL2 are also vulnerable to external interferences or impulse noise. Tw i s t e d p a i r s w e r e o r i g i n a l l y designed to transmit voice signals. generally at a frequency band of 300Hz to 4KHz. When transmitting data signals at faster rates. though.
By Fang Liming & Long Guozhu
he DSL access rate has dramatically increased from a couple of Mbps to tens of Mbps for the past decade. the reduction or elimination of crosstalk interference
SEP 2010 . the higher the loop attenuation and the higher the crosstalk interference between lines. Operators are urgently in need of new technologies for large-scale VDSL2 network deployment. ISSUE 57
. Test data show that interference between lines is the most fundamental cause of deteriorating VDSL2 rates and stability. is by far lower than the allowable maximum rate. Therefore. the FTTx+VDSL2 model enables them to leverage it to reduce the capital expenditure and provide sufficient bandwidth.
The Vectored DSL project was formally initiated at the ITU-T Q4 standardization meeting in 2006. the channel capacity of the CM channel is about the same as or even higher than that of the original channel. After the increased noise condition goes away. The ITU-T has developed a standard specifically for this technology – G. It aimed to cancel crosstalk interferences from other lines in the same cable through joint signal processing for a group of lines that are called “vectors”. Now several chip makers can provide prototypes for vendors to begin pilot production. This standard has been finalized and it enjoys the support of a number of chip makers. with the great effort by the DSL industry. operators can use both pairs with the DSL bundling technology to bundle the two data streams and deliver twice the original rate. users can access the network at rates of up to 300Mbps. In particular. Besides the improved rate. The gain is especially higher on shorter loops where the rate can double. The progress made so far has led to the belief that the first vectored DSLAM will be ready for field trial soon. The vectored DSL standard has been finalized. It is applicable to both VDSL2 and ADSL.INP. the average rate of vectored DSL is about 70% higher than that of VDSL2. the Super MIMO technology minimizes the crosstalk interference between the newly created CM channel and the original two channels. For example. but that is not effective for handling a burst of impulse noise. which can basically meet the requirements of standard definition videos. are definitely a winner for DSL operators.
In some countries and regions. and the service will run continuously without interruption. Bottlenecks limiting the large-scale VDSL2 deployment will be removed substantially. To maintain a low BER for the DSL that is impacted by impulse noise. the subscribers grumble and never forget. As a result. In this scenario. in the event of sudden noise increases. Editor: Xue Hua xuehua@huawei. It is now standardized and supported by multiple chip vendors and in the near future.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned. the higher the quality of the images. With 53
SEP 2010 . The DSL SOS technology has been recognized by the DSL industry thanks to its practicality and ability to enhance user experience. Super MIMO can triple the rate by creating an extra channel between the two pairs in virtual mode. vectored DSL greatly helps in maintaining the stability at the level at least comparable to ADSL. such as wireless backhaul. In addition to bundling two pairs to double the rate. the signal-to-noise ratio at the DSL receiving end increases significantly. This technology reduces the BER of DSL to such a low level as to fully meet the uninterrupted transmission requirements for HD. and that successful deployment will come about in the next two years. When the noise margin is zero. The new DSL technologies not only substantially enhance the DSL rate but also improve QoS.
IPTV is the main service carried by VDSL2 and high QoS is generally e x p e c t e d . if four twisted pairs are available. the BER designed for DSL is about 10 -7. this technology. The current industry practice to lower the BER of DSL is to increase the noise margin by such means as setting a higher noise margin or higher virtual noise. two twisted copper pairs are usually available for each residential premise – one pair for carrying POTS and DSL services and the other for backup. relevant technologies are maturing and will be introduced below.
Retransmission technology for the physical layer
In addition to disconnection issues. instead of disconnecting and then restarting DSL will continue to maintain the connection by quickly switching to a more robust mode through the quick response mechanism. Huawei DSL SOS technology can effectively solve the disconnection problem caused by suddenly increased noise. zerodisconnection DSL may become reality. three virtual pairs can be created for a total of seven pairs to achieve up to 700Mbps. with only two twisted pairs. If t h e A D S L 2 n e t w o rk disconnects at the moment of a gamewinning goal during a soccer match. Zero disconnections. the industry h a s p r o p o s e d t h e re t r a n s m i s s i o n technology for the physical layer of DSL.com/communicate. According to test data. rather than a low disconnection rate. Because vectored DSL eliminates crosstalk interference between users. Under the same loop conditions. but is not adequate for HD. ISSUE 57
. more virtual pairs can be created and even higher rates are achievable.Leading Edge
New technologies give DSL a fresh lease of life encumbering VDSL2 is highly desirable in solving the VDSL2 engineering issues. Fortunately. The aforementioned vectored DSL technology can eliminate crosstalk between pairs to achieve full potential of multiple pairs. the BER is another key factor that impacts the image quality of IPTV – the lower the BER. For applications where more twisted pairs are available and higher data rates are needed. known as the common-mode (CM) channel. facilitating the use of the vectored DSL technology and completely eliminating interference.huawei. The DSL will remain one of the most important broadband access technologies for quite a long time. the DSL will regain the higher rate by virtue of seamless rate adaptation technologies.
In turn. which enables an enterprise’s business processes to be successively decomposed in a series of levels. 2): 1) “Obtain Billing Event”.
By Li Sihao & Chen Qibiao
eTOM needs continual evolution
he eTOM 8. describes several sub-tasks in the Level 3 process flow “Advice of Charge”(see Fig. vendors. 3) “Verify Invoice Quality”.
Service Resource (Application. for example. and can result in updating a process description to which Semantic Analysis has been applied. which are required to support the processes. eTOM describes and analyzes various levels of enterprise processes according to their significance and priority. Discounting & Rebate Create & Deliver Bill Manage Request (Including Self Service)
process can be decomposed into five tasks (see Fig. At Level 3. service providers (SPs). thus increasing OPEX. which include 1) “Design & Develop Invoicing Process”. ISSUE 57
Process Resource Data
Report Resource Data
SEP 2010 . inputs. The process structure of eTOM embodies hierarchical decomposition. 1 Level 3 process flow “Advice of Charge”
. and application and system suppliers. wherever possible.Huawei Communicate
What lies below eTOM level 3?
The Enhanced Telecom Operations Map (eTOM) is a key component of the TM Forum’s Next Generation Operations Systems and Software (NGOSS). SPs and vendors illustrate the benefits brought by eTOM Level 4. and other key elements are defined. a number of sub-tasks are described. The goal is to ensure that final decomposition is consistent with the parent process description in the context of Semantic Analysis. The “Create & Deliver Bill” business
Charge Presented to Customer
Advice of Charge Request
Advice of Charge
Market Product & Custome
Apply Pricing. The eTOM document GB921F 7. Se m a n t i c a n a l y s i s i s a p r o c e s s decomposition technique described in User Guidelines for eTOM (GB921-U) that can supplement the existing techniques employed by an organization. Semantic analysis is frequently carried out iteratively with other techniques. Computing and Network) Supplier/Partner
Mediate Service Usage Records
What benefits will Level 4 bring?
The eTOM Level 4 decomposition requires contributions from all parties in the value chain. The business processes and corresponding descriptions of eTOM can be further refined and clarified by decomposing Level 3 processes to lower levels.
though the inputs and outputs of Level 3 processes still cause confusion. This leads to poorly defined application functionality and interfaces. Di s c o u n t i n g & Re b a t e” b u s i n e s s processes can be decomposed into three tasks (see Fig. Level-1. “Design & Develop Invoicing Process” can be removed from the “Advice of Charge” flow as it may cause misunderstanding among vendors during product development. 4) “Deliver Electronic Invoice”. Process descriptions.5 Example Process Flows. spanning details from high-level decomposition to specific context areas. This problem can also cause unclear re s p o n s i b i l i t y d i v i s i o n s b e t w e e n departments. including operators. 2) “Determine Customer Account”. The “Apply Pricing. 2) “Render & Format Invoice”. eTOM Level 4 decomposition clarifies and refines the Level 3 business process and better directs vendors to product design and development goals. 1). As a widely deployed and accepted framework for business processes in the communications industry. outputs. In this context. Level-2 and Level-3 business processes. 2).0 release comprises Level-0. and 3) “Review Agreed Customer Bill Adjustment”. and 5) “Store Customer Invoice”.
Integration Framework. The Integration Framework emphasizes functionality and capabilities. I n t e g r a t i o n Fr a m e w o r k . vendors can more easily understand their customers’ business requirements as additional details are provided by further eTOM decomposition. The TAM provides an application-oriented view of the other three frameworks. As an increasingly active member of the TM Forum. Discounting & Rebate Create & Deliver Bill Design & Develop Invoicing Process Render & Format Invoice Verify Invoice Quality Deliver Electronic Invoice Store Customer Invoice Obtain Billing Event Determine Review Agreed Customer Customer Bill Account Adjustment Manage Request (Including Self Service)
Market Product & Customer
Service Resource (Application. which is the major standard organization for the BSS/OSS industry. S I D . and new application functionalities.huawei. the Integration Framework.
More enhancements to come
T h e e TO M . T h e e TO M . I n t e g r a t i o n Framework and TAM should be holistically understood as interrelated constituent parts that must be consistent. The TAM. eTOM can help employees in various departments understand their responsibilities. and other TM Forum work products require input from the eTOM and SID. In f a c t .
. and vice ve r s a . Huawei has passed eTOM compliance certification in phase one as the first BSS/OSS vendor. SID analyzes information 55
SEP 2010 . and the TAM. Service providers can have a better understanding of each business process to satisfy customer needs and optimize service experience. In the billing domain. eTOM decomposition may lead to refining and extending the SID.1 integration solutions adopt eTOM as their basis for developing application scenarios and defining the ESB based interface. and has passed all aspects of SID compliance certification. Moreover. Questions and suggestions may be directed to the editor concerned.com/communicate. increase collaboration efficiency. Ultimately. new interfaces. Internally. Moreover. and reduce OPEX. eTOM decomposition influences the evolution of the SID. ISSUE 57
models and supplies the entities upon which the business processes act. which can greatly reduce integration costs. development costs and delivery time can be reduced. Huawei has made several proposals for eTOM Level 4 decomposition based on its considerable BSS experience and semantic analysis capabilities.
An active industry player
The Huawei BSS1.com
The electronic version and subscription information are available at www. 2 Level 4 process flow “Advice of Charge”
For ser vice providers. In general. Huawei’s contribution has already been applied to the GB942 integration framework document to facilitate ongoing mapping work between eTOM. Huawei plays a vital role in the Telecom Management Forum.Leading Edge
What lies below eTOM level 3?
Advice of Charge Request Charge Presented to Customer
Advice of Charge
Editor: Michael huangzhuojian@huawei. TA M . S I D . t h e e TO M re ve a l s and standardizes basic functionality requirements. Computing and Network) Supplier/Partner
Mediate Service Usage Records
Process Resource Data
Report Resource Data
Fig. Vendors benefit as Level 4 provides clearer interfaces between different functional modules and essential functions. a further decomposed eTOM framework contains more detailed standardized business processes with which to construct flows. business services. Further eTOM decomposition will drive requirements for a more detailed information model. Huawei has been instrumental in developing a new payment model for SID. helping even to develop and standardize lower levels of SID Aggregate Business Entities (ABEs). a n d o t h e r technologies form a systemized standard for operation systems and software. SID and TAM. and clarifies the interfaces between the different modules and business services necessary to construct application and support interoperability.
SEP 2010 . ISSUE 57
SEP 2010 .