Exploring the Endgame - Peter Griffiths

Exploring

the
Endgame
Exploring
the
Endgame
FeterGrilliths
ÍOdH dHO \HdIIO5 LÌd(K
Copyright© 1984 Peter Grifiths
1ÃÜN ܬ¯1dL¬ÜNNb¬Ü
First edition 1984
Published by A & C Black (Publishers) Limited
35 Bedford Row, London, WClR 4JH, England
This book is copyright under the Berne Convention. All rights are resered. Apar
fom any fai dealing for the puposes of private study, research, criticism or review, as
peritted uder the Copyright Act, 1956, no part of this publication may be
reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic, electrical, chemical, mechanical, optical, photocopying, recording or
otherise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Enquiries should be
addresed to the publishers.
Grifths, Peter, 1946-
E.ploring the endgame.
I. Chess-End games
I. Title
794.1'24 GV1450.7
Design: Krstyna Hewitt and A & C Black (Publishers) Limited
Tex set in 10/11 pt Stymie by W. Tuner & Son Liited, Halifa,
and printed and bound in Great Britain at The Pitman Press, Bath
Contents
lnIrOOucIiOn 7
l lawnonOings ¬
´amo l ohamkOvích-\aIkon ¬
´amo ¿ VOgI-ÏioLort l U
´amo 3 laiLisOvic-LhOLnik l ¿
´amo 4 lirOv-LrmonkOv l 4
¿ lnights Ì o
´amo b oax-1al Ì o
´amo o PnOorssOn-loOína ¿U
´amo 7 lochI-lurmo ¿3
´amo b lUogor-Ïarson ¿b
3 LíshO¡s 33
´amo ¬ o¡assky-Lyrno 33
´amo Ì U lOIugaovsky-LaIashOv 3o
´amo Ì Ì lOrI-LortOk 4Ì
´amo Ì ¿ lOrchnOi-lar¡Ov 43
´amo Ì 3 1aI-laOuIOv 47
´amo Ì 4 lura|ica-lar¡Ov bU
´amo Ì b ´LgOríc-L¡uLOjovíc b3
4 linOr¡iocos b7
´amo Ì o lhOlmOv-VasiukOv b7
´amo Ì 7 ´onIury-Ïoo o¿
´amo Ì b Ïarson-omyslOv oo
´amo l ¬ \oLL-latuIOvic 7U
´amo ¿U ouILIos-¯al 74
´amo¿Ì lIacnik-´olÌor 77
b lOOks b4
´amo ¿¿ ´urgoniOzo-laOov b4
´amo ¿3 lar¡Ov-lOrt bb
´amo ¿4 PnOorssOn-livas ¬3
´amo ¿b lar¡Ov-)akOLson ¬7
´amo ¿o lOIugaovsky-Lvans Ì U¿
´amo ¿7 ZhiOkOv-lazuvaov Ì U4
´amo ¿b Lstrin-lyIoI ÌUb
´amo ¿¬ lvanOv-LOnchov Ì Ub
o ¸uoons
´amo 3U lochI-VilIonouvo
´amo 3Ì luLnor-locking
´amo3¿ la¡lan-ÏvkOv
´amo 33 ´hanOOn·lOeI-LOtIlik
´amo 34 lOIOv-LoOnarski
´amo 3b Lukacs-larszaIok
7. lOOksanO minOr¡iocos
´amo3o laOuIOv-lavaIok
´amo 37 lar¡Ov-LuoLalI
´amo 3b lar¡Ov-lOIugaovsky
´amo 3¬ lhImann-lar¡Ov
´amo4U Vaganian-omysIOv
´amo4l ¯imman-Lozo
´amo4¿ lOmanishin-lLíIava
´amo43 ÏvkOv-LrOwno
´amo44 loros-lOrI
´amo4b lOgOII-´sOm
´amo4o PvorLach-lug
b. lOOksagamsIminOr¡iocos
´amo47 ´hoOrghiu-otOica
´amo4b LIoy-Lrimor
´amo4¬ laIuIOvic-Lam¡anOvic
´amobU L|uLO|ovic-¯Orro
´amobÌ ¯imman-luLnor
´amo b¿ ´arcia-lar¡Ov
´amo b3 liIos-luzmin
´amob4 lorcyi-Larczay
Ì Ì 3
Ì Ì 3
Ì l 4
Ì Ì 7
Ì ¿Ì
l ¿o
Ì ¿7
Ì 33
Ì 33
Ì 3b
Ì 43
l 47
Ì bU
Ì bo
l o¿
! o1
Ì 7U
Ì 1¿
l 77
Ì bÌ
Ì bl
Ì bo
Ì b¬
Ì ¬3
Ì ¬b
¿Ub
¿Ì Ì
¿Ì o

ÏiIty annOtatoO onOgamoshavo a¡¡oaroOin Iho Ünu Chess Magazine
unOorIhotiIIo lracucaI ´hossLnOingsOuring Iho¡asIIonyoars, anO
ithas Loon suggosIoO thaI a ro¡rinI in LOOk tOrm - wIh sOmo now
maIoriaI - mighILowoIcOmo
¯ho whO¦os¡octrumOtonOgamo¡Iayisro¡rosontoO,trOm sIraíghI·
IOrwarOtochniquo anO gonoraI¡rinci¡IosatOno onO IO groattacLcaI
cOm¡IoxíLosaIIhoOIhor Ï hO¡oIhaIal¡cIassos OI¡Iayors shOulOIhoroIOro
IínO sOmothíngIO inIorosIthom
lawnonOíngsa¡¡oarLríoIIyinsOmoOIIhogamos,LuIusuaIIyOnIyin
variaLOnsOrwhonaOocisivo¡OsiuOnhas aItoaOyLoonroachoO 1ho
IochniquoOIwínningisIhonIairIy sim¡¦o, sO Ï havo Logun Iho LOOk wiIh
a shOrI soIocuOnOI mOro O¡IIicuIIoxam¡¦os PIIorIhaIIho mainonOings aro
OíviOoO inIOcha¡Iors accOrOing tO which ¡ioco ¡roOOmínaIos Vory
LrOaO¦y tho gamos aIIho Loginning OIa cha¡Ior aro oithor oasior IO tOIIOw,
OrthoyiIÌustaIo tochniquo, whiIoIho¦aIor Onos OoaI wiIhIacIicaI cOm¡Ii·
catíOnsanOvoryunusuaI¡OsìLOns
´ha¡Ior7, lOOksanOm¡nOr¡iocos, wíIl, ÏhO¡o,LIsOmoIhingOI a ga¡.
\hí¦oIhoonOingsOIrOOkagainst Ono OrIwOm¡nOr ¡íocos(´ha¡Iorb) aro
cOvoroOín many onOgamoLOOks,IhoIioIO OI rOOk anO m¡nOr ¡iocoOn
oachsíOohas¡orha¡sLoonaIitIIonog¦octoO
Ìn mOsIcasosthowhOIogamo scOrohasLoongivon,IO shOwhOwIho
onOgamo arOso, thOugh IOr atow¡OsiIiOns Iho oarIior mOvos aro nOt
avaí¦aL¦o
Ï wOu¦Ol¡koIO thank thoLOiIOrOIIhoÜn0 Chess Magazine IOrkinO
¡ormissiOntOro·¡uLIish Iho matoriaI PIowOI Iho arIic¦os havoaIsO
a¡¡oaroOin The Endings in Moder Theory and Prctice (1976) anO
acknOwIoOgomonIsaro OuotO Iho¡uLl¡shors, LolÌ &lymanÏIO
7
Í.Pawn 0D0ÌDgS
GAME 1 \hiIo ohamkOvich LIack \aIkon
loP, l ¬7o
\hltocanwínIhisonOíng,LuIOnIyLykoo¡íng LIacksat|om¡tstO mako
a ¡assoO ¡awnunOorcaroIuIcOnIrOl ´ortainIy¡os Ot¡assoO¡awn can
Lo ¡ormiItoO, OIhors cannOI (Liagram l)
1 . . . K£8 2 Ke3 Ke8 3 Kd3!
oIraightawayho hasIOLocarotu¦
- 3 lO4wi¦InOIOOLocausoOI
3 ob¬ ¯hon,it4lc4, tbanO
L¦ackhasthooquívaIonIOIa ¡rO·
IocIoO ¡assoO ¡awn (aI ob), which
hasIOLowatchoO¡ormanonIIy
Pny¸·siOo invasiOnwOu¦OthonLo
OutOIIhoquostiOn,whí¦oIho
unOorminingmOvoI4wOu¦O
a¦waysLomoILy o4
¯hoaIIornaLvo 4O·oo I ·oo
wOuIOaIIOw L¦acka¡rOIocIoO
¡assoO O·¡awn anO aIIor b I4
(Othorwiso gb, ¡utIíng anonO IO
Iho ossonua¦unOormíníng ¡Ian
I4·Ib) lO7 o lo4 lco
7 Ib o·Ib¬ bg·Ib g·Ib ¬
¬ l·Ib lLb Ì Uloo l·L4
Diagram !
¬
Ì Ì l·Oo lL3 L¦ackcanOraw
¯hoim¡Ortant¡OintaLOutthís
¡OsiIiOnis knOwing whon IO
aOvancoIho h·¡awn, Orawlng tho
whíIo king away trOm Iho viIaI
squarosI7anOIb anO Ihus gaíning
accossIO thom himsoII, anO whon
tOIoavo tho ¡awnunIOuchoO,
shuIIingIhokingin whonho
ca¡Iuros iI ¯ho¦ínos aro asIOI¦Ows
(a) l ¿ loo l·L¿ Ì 3 lIo lc3
l 4 lg7 hb' (nOIl 4 lO4
Ì b l·h7 lob l o h4oIc )
Ìb lho h4 (againnOI Ìb lO4)
Ì o lhb h3' l 7 lh4 lO4 anO
OrawsÌIhoro l b h4 lO4
Ì o lho lob oIc Oraws
(L) Ì¿ loo l·L¿ Ì 3 lIo lc3
l 4 lgb lO4 Ì b lho (iI
Ì b h4 lob Ì ohb ho¬
Oraws) lob Ì ol·h7 lIb,
winningIho¡awn,íI horo
Ì o h4 lto, roaching t7 anO
Orawíng
(c) Ì ¿loo l·L¿ l 3 lIo lc3
Ì 4h4 lO4 Ì bhb lOb
Ì o lg7 loo l 7 l·h7 lI7
Oraws, Orít l oho lOo otc.
(O) l ¿loo l·L¿ l 3 h4 lc3
l 4hb lO4 Ìb ho lcb Oraws
3 . . . Kd7
LocausoLOth 3 obanO3 oo
aronOwmotLy4gb' , cri¡¡Iing
L¦acksma|OríIy anO ¡rovontng
hímIrOmOLIaínínga ¡assoO ¡awn
LIcOurso, 3 . Io wOuIOOoIoaIIho
OL¡ocIOIL¦acks¡¦an (howOu¦O
nOIhavoaprtected ¡assoO¡awn
aItora¦aIor . . oo)anOnO Othor
¡awnmOvos aro OIanyuso
4 Kc4 Kc7 5 Kb5
l¦annínglao·a7(OrlLoaIIor
1Lb) anO mootng o . . ooLy
o go' o·Oo 7 la4 lLo
b lL3 lLo ¬ lc3, asínIho gamo
¯ho ¡OsitíOnIhonLocOmosaro¦a·
Iivo¦ysim¡IocasoOIanOuIsiOo
¡assoO ¡awnOoIoaIing aconIra¦
Ono
5 . . . Kb7 6 f4 e6
LIhorwisohorunsOuIOI¡awn
mOvosanO\híIowíns Lylao,
LooIc
7 g5 (Líagram ¿) Kc7
ÏI7 o·Oo bla4, asshOwn
aLOvo lOw, IO IOrcoIhoíssuo,
\hiIohasIO IhroaIontho¡onotra·
IíOnIO a7.
8 Ka6 eXd5
ÏIb lLb ¬Lo o·Oo 10 lao,as
inIho gamo,iIhoro ¬ oo
Diagram 2
l 0 I ·oo O·oo 11 lao, caIchíng
Iho ¡awn, íI ¬ . lab lJ lLo lLb
Ì l lcowins Ïtb . . oo
¬ I ·oo O·oo 10 lLo lOo
11 lc4 o4 l ¿ lO4,\hiIoa¦sO
winsLyal·síOoaIIack
9 Kb5 Kb7 10 Ka4 d4
1 1 Kb3 d5 12 Kc2 KeG
13 Kd3 Kb5 14 KXd4 KXb4
15 KXd5 Kb3 16 Ke5 1-0.
GAME 2 \híIoVOgI L¦ack LioLorI
LasI ´ormany, Ì ¬o¬
L¦ackssu¡oríOrking¡OsíIíOngivoshímsOmo aOvanIago ´OmLinoIhaI
wiIhIho woaknoss Ot \híIos¸·síOo ¡awns, whíchísanyIhíngLuIOLviOus,
anOIhoaOvanIagoLocOmos Oocísívo1ho¡awnsarowoakLocausoLIack
IhroaIons ao, LoanO a4wíIhanOuIsiOo¡assoO¡awn, anOIhoOn¦y
wayIO ¡rovonIIhaI, co, loavosIhowhO¦ocOm¡¦oxinOangortrOm L¦acks
acIívo king l 1I4is a¦sO an OLviOus IhroaI, whích ox¡¦ains Iho tírsImOvo
(Líagram l ):
1 g3
lIhoavOiOsIhís,wohavo(a) 1 L4
(l co lI4 ¦oaOsIOIhosamoIhing)
lI4 ¿ lO4 lg3 3 loo l·g¿
4 lIo l·h3 o l·go lg3
o l·go lI4 7 lIo lo4
10
b loo lO3 anO wíns, íIhoro
¿ lo¿ Lo, with lo4anO co IO
tOLOw (L) l lo3 ao ¿ g4 Lo,
whon3 lt3,aLanOOníngIho ¸·siOo
¡assoO¡awn,naIurallymakos
IhíngswOrso
Diagram 1
1 . . . aS 2 cS
¿lo3¡rOviOosIhomOsIinIorostng
anaIysis, sincoLIackc
¿
nnOtgoI
awaywíIhIhoOirocILno ¿ Lo
3 lO3 a4 (3 . L·c4¬
4 l·c4 lo4isIOO sIOw)
4 c·Lo c·Lo o L·a4 L·a4
o lc4 lo4 7lL4 lO3
b l·a4 l·c3 9 lLo lO4
ÌU lco PIIhis¡OinI Ì U. . lo4
Ì Ì lOo ll3 Ì ¿ lool·g3
Ì 3 lto OnIy Oraws, in OrOorIOwin
LIackhas IO changoIho¡awn
sÞucIuro,LuI Ì U .g4
Ì Ì h·g4 lo4 Ì ¿lOo ll3
Ì 3 loo l·g4 Ì 4lloissüIIOO
sIOw,whiIo Ì U g4 Ì Ì h·g4 go`
Ì ¿ lOo acIuaLywinstOr\hiIo
1horightwayis quiIosuLIIo
changoIhol·siOo¡awnsIrucIuro
tirsI, whuothoroissLLmo,viz.
¿ g4| 3 h·g4 (il3 h4, LIack
wilI¡onoIraIoquick¦yIO l3, Iho
whíIo kíngLoínginovíIaLIyOrawn
acrOssIOIhoOIhorwíng) go
4 lO3 (4co lOo o L4 a4
o lO3 a3íshO¡oIoss) Lo' (nOI
4 . Lo` o c·Lo c·Lo o c4
whonLIackis¦Osíng - IhowhiIo
kíngmusI nOILoína ¡OsítOn IO
Ì Ì
Diagram <
roca¡Iuro aI c4) o lo3 Lo
olO3 a4 7 c·Lo c·Lo
bL·a4 L·a4 9 lc4 lo4
Ì U lL4 lO3 Ì Ì l·a4 l·c3
Ì ¿ lLo lO4 Ì 3 lco lo4
Ì 4 lOo ll3 Ì oloo l·g3 anO
wins, ilhoro Ì 3la3 lO3
Ì 4lL3 lo3 Ì o lc3 ll3 oIc
2 . . . Kd5 3 b4 a4 4 c4+ KeS
5 Kc3 (Liagram¿) g4!
L¦acknOwaItorsIho¡awnstructuro
inIho samoway, LuttOra OiltoronI
roasOn,ho wishos IO oLminaIoany
s¡aromOvoslOrhis O¡¡OnonI.
ÏnlacI g4canLoOoIayoO,LuI
¡IayingíIatOncoís Ihosím¡IosIIino
IOtOI¦Ow
lo cansL¡u¡horo LyaIIackíng
Ihol·siOoinsIoaO, o g o lo4
o lL¿ ll3 7 g4, anO nOw
7 lo3 b la3 lO3
9 l·a4 l·c4 Ì Ula3 lc3sLIÌ
wins, as in tho gamo, LuI7 . lg3`
IoaOsIOthonOIOríOusIy OilticuIt
quoon anO¡awn vs. quoon onOíng
atIorb la3 l·h3 9 l·a4 l·g4
Ì U lao ll4 Ì Ì lLo g4
Ì ¿ l·L7 g3 Ì 3 Lo c·Lo (Or
Ì 3 . g¿ Ì 4L·co gÌ/¸
Ì o c7 ¸·co Ì ocb/¸ ¸·cb¬
l 7 l·cb loo Ì blO7' lO4
Ì ¬loo wíIhaOraw) Ì 4co g¿
l o c7 gl /¸ l ocb/¸ L·c4oIc
ÌnthoIast¡haso\hitohasIO
suLmíttO acOm¡¦oIoturníng Olhis
¦oltt¦ank, anínsIrucIívo liníshín
ítso¦t
6 hXg4 g5 7 Kb2 Kd4
8 Ka3 Kc3! 0- 1.
LIacks¦asImOvoi soasiorthan
b l·c4 ¬ l·a4, whonhohas
tO usoO¡¡OsitOn manOouvríng
tOwín, víz ¬ lO4' l UlL3 lO3
l l lL¿ lc4 Ì ¿la3 lc3,Or
Ì Ulao lc3 íOw, altor
¬ l·a4 l·c4 l Ulao lL3
l Ì Lo lc4 l ¿ L·co L·co
Ì 3 lLo lOo wínsÏthoro
Ì Ula3 lc3 Ì l la4 lL¿
l ¿ Lo lc3isIhosamoIhing
GAME 3 \híIo ÏaíLísOvic LIack LhOIník
lool, l ¬7¬
\hítohasIOmakou¡hismínOwhothorhowiLhavoonOughaOvantago
tO win,ílho oxchangos quoons lís OocisíOntOOOsOisLasoOOnasu¡oríOr
¡awn structuro, i o hohasOno¡awn (h·)hOIOingIwOLIackOnos (h· anO g·)
\hi¦oho is croaLngtwOcOnnocIoO¡assoO¡awns OnIho ¸·siOo, L¦ackwilI
thorotOro havoOn¦y Ono (o· Ort·)PIIornaIivo¦y L¦ack can OLtainIwO¡assoO
¡awnsLy¡Iayíng . go Or . go,LuI\híIothonintonOstO oxchmgoanO
IoavothowoakonoO¡awnsO¡ontO atIackLyl¡skíng lOwovor, LIackwilI
thonhavoanOutsiOo¡awn, sOtho onOing hasIOLolínoIy¡uOgoO
(Liagram l )
1 Qd2+! QXd2+ 2 KXd2 f5
llL¦ackrolusostOmOvohís¡awns
ata¦¦, \híIowOu¦OlirsIcontraIíso
hiskínganO¡Iay c4 ¯hontho
Diagram !
turIhor aOvancoOlhis¡awns
wOuIO onaLIohímtO Occu¡yoo
anOtinaLy Oowíthhis kíng
ÌtL¦ack¡¦ayshískingIO OoanO
¡awntO to,LutnOmOro¡awn
mOvos,\híIocan¡¦ayhiskingIO
O4anO ¡awnsIO ao,LoanO co
\íIh IhoL¦ackkingIhon atc7, co
anOlcowíüwin (Orit l co lOo
¿ ao,throaIoning 3 Lo)
Ïlínthis OoloncoLIack¡¦ays
. aoanOoxchangosOltOnoOltho
aOvancíng ¡awns (¡OsitíOn wOuIO
thonLo\l c4, ¡awns Lo, co,
Llc7), \hiIohas l co lOo
¿ lO4, with lcotO lOlIOwanOIho
usua¦Oiroctmatíngattack.
ÌtL¦acksoIsu¡ his ¡awnsatlo
anO oo, thoaOvancoOthís¡awns
givos\híto oasyaccoss tO Oo
¯hororomainOnIy LIacksacIua¦
chOico (. . IoanO . oo) OrIho
aIIornaLvo¡Ian OI go 1ho
socOnO OIIhosoisinIorosIing
Locauso OIIhoway\hiIos
OOminaLngconIraI¡soOkingOuI·
woighs LIacks¡OIonIia¦OuIsiOo
¡assoO¡awn, anOoasi¦y koo¡sIhis
¡awn unOor cOnIrO¦. ¿ go
3 h·go I ·go 4lo3 anOIhon
oiIhor4 lo7 Or, s¦ighIIysIrOngor,
4 . . ho
(a) 4 . . lo7 o lo4 lOo
o c4 oo (Oro ho 7 lI4 oo¬,
Irans¡Osing,uhoro7 lO7
b loo IoaOsinIO(L),nOIOIcOurso
o go 7 g4 - anOIhorusoIuI
¡IusIOr\híIo) 7 co¬ loo
b Lo ho 9 LoanOwins
(L) 4 . . ho o lI4 lo7 o loo
(nOIo lgo oo) go anO \híIo s
¡rOLIomisIhaIaIIor h4howiII
novor Lo aLIoIOIakoIho o·¡awn.
lOwovor,his ¡awnsarosLIIIOO
suOngIOrLIack 7 Lo h4
ba4 lO7 9 c4 lc7 Ì Uco lO7
Ì Ì ao lc7 Ì ¿ ao lLb Ì 3 co lc7
l 4Lo¬' anOwins
PnOIhor¡OssiL¦ovariatOniIIus·
IraIos\hiIosonOrmOusking·
¡Owor 4 ho o lI4 lo7
o loo ao (Locausoan oxchango
maywoI¡roOucoIhoIacLcaI
chancos whichIhroo¡awnsaro
LOunOIO givo\hiIo) 7 a4 go
b ao' (IhomOro OLviOusb c4 h4
9 Lo ao lUco lO7 mighIwoII
nOI Lo onOugh IO win,LuIbao
oxIonOsIhoIorriIOrywhichIho
LIackkíngmusI cOvor) h4
(b lO7 9 lIo) 9 Lo lO7
Ì UL·ao lc7 l l c4anO wins
Locauso IhowhiIo¡awnsarosoII·
Diagram <
su¡¡OrIing, whiIo IhoL¦ackOnos
wiIILo IOsI,íIIhoy mOvo
(a) l Ì g4 Ì ¿ lI4 h3
Ì 3 g·h3 g·h3 Ì 4lg3 lLb
Ì o co la7 l ol·h3 l·ao
Ì 7 co, (L) l ¦ lco l ¿ co lc7
Ì 3 a7 lL7 l 4co¬ l·a7
Ì o lOoanO wins.
3 e4 Ke7 4 eS KeG 5 Kd3 KdS
(Liagram ¿)
lOwLIackskingisLOunOIOLo
¡ushoOLacksOOnorOrIaIor,Ly
Zugzwang.
G g3 eS 7 Ke3 aG
ÏI7 . lco blc4 ao 9 a4 lc7
Ì U lOo o4 l Ì lO4 anO Ì ¿ g4
wÙ win lOw\hiIomusILo
caroIuIwíIhhis¡awnmOvos -
b a47 ao wOuIO LoLaO
8 Kd3 aS 9 a3 a4 10 Ke3 e4
1 1 Kd2 KeG 12 Ke3
Ì ¿ lo¿ lOo l 3 lo3 lco l 4g4
shOrIonsIhogamo,LuIIhorosuIIis
nOIaIIocIoO.
12 . . . KdS 13 Kf2 KeG
14 Ke2 KdS 15 Ke3 KeG 1G g4
1-0.
GAME 4 \hiIo lirOv LIack LrmonkOv
LuIgaria, l ¬73
1horois acorIain ¡ororsiIy aLOuI¡awnonOíngs ÏnsOmocasosaIiny
aOvantagoín tho ¡awnsIrucIuroOrintho kíng¡OsíIiOn canLoOocisívo, yoI
oxam¡Ios aLOunO OIOos¡oraIo·¦OOk:ng situatOnswhích canLosavoOLy
accuraIo ¡¦ayanOwiIh nO IurIhororrOrs OnIhoO¡¡OnonI´s ¡art.
LurIOurth¡OsiIiOnis acasoin¡Oint lOw OO yOuIh¡nkL¦ackIoII`lo
has asu¡oriOrking¡OsiuOnanOanOutsíOo ¡assoO ¡awn, anO ovon\hiIos
Ownma¡OriIyintho conIroiscri¡¡IoO anOunaL¦otOyioIOa¡assoO¡awnin
IhonOrmaI way 1ot\hiIo canstIIOraw| LI cOurso, Ihoroís a¦ways aIOgi·
caIroasOn, LIacks O·¡awnís hisPchiIIoslool(Liagram l)
1 K3
Pmazingly\hitoovonhasachOico
l lI3 lIb ¿ lg3 lo4 3 lg4
amOunIsIO tho samoIhing
lOwovor, homusIavOíOo4aIIhís
stago - iI l o4` hb ¿ lh3 (Or
¿ ob O·ob 3 Oo lIo 4 lh4 o4,
winníng) lI4 3 lh4 l·o4
4 l·hb lO3 blgb a4 wins.
1 . . . K£5
ÏI l hb ¿ lg3 lIb (¿ h4¬
3 lh3 lhb ís usoIoss On accOunI
OI4o4 lgb bob O·ob o Oo lIo
7 l·h4 loo b lgb, oqua¦ísing
oasíIy) 3 lh4 lo4 4l·hb l·o3
(sooLoIOwIOr4 . lO3)
blgb lO3 olIb lc3 (o . . a4
7 L·a4 l·c4 bloo isin\híIos
IavOur,íIanyIhíng) 7loo l·L3
bl·Oo a4 ¬ lco,with asIíghI
aOvantagotO \hito
4 lO3 IoaOstO blgb a4 (Or
b lc3 o o4) o L·a4 l·c4
7 o4, anOinthís Iunny symmotrícaI
¡OsiIiOn LIackisinIrOuLIo - iI
7 lL4 b ob, Orít 7 lO4 bab'
Ïn ovoryvariaIiOn\híIosOrívo
tOwarOsooanOOoís atIoasIas
¡OIontas anythingL¦ackcan
Ooviso
2 Kh4 Ke4 3 Kg5 KXe3 4 K£5
LIcOurso,\hitoignOrostho
l 4
h·¡awn lOwIholínosLogínning
with 4 lO3 bloo lc3 anO
4 lO3 bloo a4 aro atLost
oqualIOrLIack,sOho cOrroctIy
runswíIhhish·¡awn.
4 . . . h5 5 KeG h4 6 KXd6 h3
7 Kc7 h2 8 d6 h1 /Q 9 d7
(Liagram¿)
1honOrmaIruIosOIquoonvs
¡awnOnIya¡¡IyOn an O¡on
LOarO, whonIho quoonhashorIul!
chocking¡Owors avauaL¦oloro
shocannOIroachthoviIaIsquaro
coanOnOIhing canLoOOno
9 . . . Qh2+ 10 KcB Qh3
1 1 Kc7 Qg3+ 12 KcB Qg4
Diagram !
Diagram <
Ì o
1 3 Kc7 Qf4+ 14 Kc8 QfS
15 Kc7 QeS+ 16 Kc8 Qe6
17 Kc7 Qe7 18 Kc8 ¼-¼
2.Knights
Ïn´amo íO o a\OrÍO ´ham¡iOnshOwshOwIO Iako aOvanIago OI
a su¡oríOr kng ¡OsitíOnín aroÍaIivoIy straíghtIOrwarO onOing oOmo
intorosIìng¡awn onOgamosaIsO crO¡ u¡inIho nOIos
´amoíO o ís amOrosuLtÍoaIIair, atríum¡h OI conIro cOntrOÍOvor
a¡OIonLaIOutsíOo ¡assoO¡awn,anOaIossOnIOraÍIwhOOvor·osIimato tho
¸·siOoma¡OriIy1hatIhis shOuIO ha¡¡onin akníghI onOíng, whoro an
OutsiOo ¡assoO ¡awnwOuIOnOrmaIlyLoa¡OworIuÍwoa¡On, ís os¡ociaIIy
ínIorosIing lnIho OocaOo sinco Ihisgamo was ¡IayoO Iho wìnnorhas
oarnoOaro¡uIaLOn socOnOIOnOnoinIhohanOÍing OIonOgamosanO Othor
sim¡ÍiIioO ¡OsiIiOns (ooo aIsO´amo ¿4)
1ho OIhorIwOgamosinIhis cha¡Ior aro IactícaJy mOro cOm¡licatoO
Ïn íO 1 LIacksOIvoshisoarIy¡rOLIomswiIh a¡locosacriIico anO wohavo
IhoO¡¡OrIuniIy tO OLsorvosOmoOiIIicuIt¡Iayín an onOingOI knighIvs
IwO¡awns L¦ackshOuIOhavo Orawn,LuImissoOhiswayaIacritícaI
mOmonI
íO bis tho OIhor siOoOI Iho cOin,wIhIwOsIrOng ¡assoO¡awns¡rOving
tOO muchIOraknighI 1ho onOgamoLoginswíthanassOrImontOI¡iocos
sLI¡inacLOn anO ¡ÍonIyOIaggrossívo¡OssiLiIiIiosIOr LÍack, LuIho IOsos
hiswayinIhocOm¡IoxitosanOhís romaíníng IOrcosaroinnO ¡OsíIiOnIO
sIO¡ doavaIancho
GAME 5 \hiIo oax LIack. 1aI
1aLnn, Ì ¬7¬ luy LO¡oz
1 e4 e5 2 N£3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6
4 Ba4 N£6 5 0-0 NXe4 6 d4 b5
7 Bb3 d5 8 dXe5 BeG
9 Nbd2 Nc5 10 c3 d4
1 1 BXe6 NXe6 12 Nb3 dXc3
13 Qc2
(Liagram Ì ) 1hoIacLcaI¡Iay
IoaOing inIO IhisonOgamo¡OsiLOn
ísOIsOmoínIorosI lILIackcOn·
IinuoswiIh sim¡IoOovoIO¡monI,
say Ì 3 Lo7, Ì 4 lOl anO
l o ¸·c3 Ioavos\híIo acIoar
aOvanIagoOnIho O¡onIiIos
ÏnsIoaO1aIkoo¡sthoiniLativoLy
13 . . . Qd5 14 Rd1 (Or
l 4¸·c3 LL4 anO lb lOb)
Diagram Ì
Ì o
14 . . . Nb4! 15 Qe2
( l o l·Oo l·c¿ sim¡IyIOsos
a¡awn) 15 . . . Qc4
16 QXc4 bXc4 17 Na5 Nc2
18 Rb1 Na3 19 Ra1 Nc2
20 Rb1 Rb8 21 NXc4 Na3!
(Lack again,mOrostOngIyIhis
timo anOIOrcing \hiIos ¡assivo
¿3rOmOvo) 22 NXa3 BXa3
23 Ne1 cXb2 24 Nc2 bXc 1/Q
25 RXb8+ Ke7 26 RXc1 RXb8
27 NXa3 Rb2
ÏOrcing thooxchangoOIrOOks
LocausohiskingisLoIIor
OovoIO¡oO anOwiI¦LoaL¦oIO
Occu¡yanaggrossivo squaro much
mOro oasiIy Onco his O¡¡OnonIs
LosI¡iocohasOisa¡¡oaroOLIack
hasOthoraOvanIagostOO ( Ì ) lo
aIroaOy¡Ossossosa¡assoO¡awn,
(¿)1howoaknossOtIhoo·¡awnwil¦
tOrco g3 anOI4LoIOro IOng 1hon
thowhOIocha¡nwJLoO¡onIO
at|ack Ly LIacksking aIOngIho
woakonoO whito squaros PI¦Ot
whichshOuIOaOOu¡IO aIOsI
onOingIOr\hito. (Liagram ¿)
28 Rc2 RXc2 29 NXc2 Kd7
30 g3
LosIIO ¡Iay Iho ¡awnmOvos
aI Onco 1hoywJIsOOnLoIOrcoO
anyway, anOhiskingwiIIarrivoaI
tho contro mOro quickIyvia I¿
anOo3.
30 . . . c5
¯hisisnOtOOnomorolytOLring
Iho¡awnIwOsquarosnoarorIO
quooning - ¡riOriIyaIIhisstago
wOu¦OnOrmaIÌy Lo givonIO Iho
kings OovoIO¡monI LuI1aI
inIonOstO¡Iay . lO4, gaining
mOroconLaI s¡aco, anOinaOOitiOn
tho OuocI 3U . lco 3Ì t4 lOo
3¿lL4¬ (3¿lt¿ lo4 wOuIOLo
tOOOOminabng) 3¿ lc4
33 l·ao lLo,Ira¡¡ingIho
Ì 7
Diagram 2
knighI,isnOIas gOOO asitIOOks
34lLb lLo (34 co
3olI¿ lc4 3olo3 shOwsvory
IiIIIoIOrtho sacriIicoO ¡awn)
3o Io lco 3ooo t ·oo
37 I ·oo l·oo 3blO7¬ lco
3¬ loo¬ lOo 4UlI3 lo4
4Ì lI¿ co 4¿lo¿, anOIhorosuII
OtLIacksoItOrtshasOnIyLoon
IOroOucotho¡awn¡O¡uIaIiOn
PnOthor ¡OssiLJIyhorowOuIO
Lo a gOOO oxam¡lo OIa¡romaIuro
attack - 3 Ì . . 1co 3¿ lt¿ lc4
33 lo3 lc3 34loÌ lL¿
3oIo lOb 3olO3¬ oIc LIack
hasIOkoo¡IhoconIrounOorLoItor
cOntOIIhanIhat
3 1 f4 Nd4!
ÏtisoasyIOsoothatLIacksIanOs
LoItorinIho¡awnonOingaI|or
3¿ l·O4 c·O4, LuIIho¡rOOIOI
Ihowinis ¡orha¡s ¦oss OLviOus
1hoanaIysiswOu¦OLo 33 lI¿ loo
anOthonoiIhor 34lt3 Or 34lo¿
´¦oarIyIhoLIackkingcannOILo
aIIOwoOinIOo4,LuIovonOn Oohis
intIuoncois suchthaIIho O¡¡Osing
¡awnma¡OritycanLoLrOkonu¡ Or
¡araIysoO 34 lt3 lOo 3o g4 go'
3oI ·go l·oo anO\hiIos
ma|OriIy is usoIossIOr¡rOOucing
a¡assoO¡awn - 37 lo¿ lo4
oIc,Or 37 h3 lOo 3bh4 lc4anO
wins ÏIhoro 3oh3 g·I4
37 l·I4 lc4 wins. ÏI\hiIo
avOiOs g4aIIOgoIhor, wohavo
3o h3 ho 3o a3 go, whíchis
Zugzwang, sinco 37 h4 cri¡¡Ios
Ihoma|OriIy anO agam ¡ormiIs
37 lc4
oOhomusIIry34lo¿ lOo
3o lO3. LuIIhon3o ho' again
IOrcoshimIOyio¦O o4 OraOO¡IOno
OIthoLaO¡awnsIructuros -
3oh3 go 37 g4 h·g4
3bh·g4 go¹ anO wins, Or
3oh3 go 37 h4 lcoanO wíns
1om¡OmOvoswiIhIhoa·¡awnaro
irroIovanIhoro, sincoIhoLIackking
canOsciIIaIoLoIwooncoanO Oo
unLI\hiIohastOgivoway
32 Ne3 KeG 33 Kf2 Nf5
(Liagram3) 34 Ndl{ ! )
Pgain Iho¡awnonOingi shO¡o¦oss
- 34l·Io l·Io 3o lI3 go
3og4¬ loo oIc , LuIoaxhas
aroasOnIOr ¡IayínghisknighttO
Ol raIhorIhanc¿
34 . . . Kd5 35 g4
lomusIIakosOmoacIiOn, agaínsI
¡assivo¡Iay LIackgainsmOro
s¡acounIuhocansim¡IywmkmIO
\hiIos ¡OsiLOn, IOroxam¡Io
3o lo¿ lO4 3olO¿ ho
37 lc3 h4 3b g4 lo3
3¬h3 lOo 4Ulo¿¬ lo4 oIc
35 . . . Nh6
ÏIsoomsstangoaIIirstsighIIO Oo·
contraIiso Iho knighI, LuIu
3o lO4 3olc3¬ lc4
37 lo4 lL4 3b lo3, IOIIOwoOLy
lOo, wiIh gOOO cOunIor¡Iay1his
OIcOursoox¡Iains\hiIos34Ih
mOvo
36 Kf3 (3o h3` lo4) Kd4
37 Ne3 g6
lb
Diagram 3
1hisisnocossary IO stO¡Io PItor
37 c4 3b lIo¬` hoisnOI
OLIigoOIOIako (iIhoworo,
3b l·Io 3¬g·Io wOuIOIoavo
himinIrOuLIoLocausohocOuIO
nOIIhonLroaku¡ IhowhiIo ¡awns
- 3¬ lOo 4Ulo3 go 4Ì Io' ,
Or4U . lco 4Ì lo4),LuIwínsLy
3b. . lO3' 3¬l·ho c3 anOIho
¡awnisIhrOugh. PIsOLaOIOr
\híIois 3bgo lgb, whonhosLII
has nOOocontmOvos
3¬ lc¿ ¬ lc3 4Ulo3 lO3, Or
3¬lo¿ lo7 oIc , muchasinIho
gamo
1hoIrOuLloisIhaI 3bIo' lO3
3¬ go lgb 4UIo' IoaOsIO
OLscurocOm¡LcaLOns aIIor
4U . g·Io 4Ì g·Io c3
4¿ oo l·Io 43o·I7 lO7
44lI4 c¿ 4ol·c¿ l·c¿
4o lIo, whonawinIOr LIackisLy
nOmoanscorIain
38 g5 Ng8
lOwIhooxchangoOIknighIsIoaOs
IOa Oraw Ly 3b . . lIo
3¬ l·Io¬ g·Io 4Uh4 lO3
4Ì ho c4 4¿go.
39 Ng4
P¡arIIrOmsookingIhoOLviOus
Diagram ÷
cOunIor¡IayLyíIo, hoisroaOy
IOmooI 3¬ . lO3Ly 4UíI¿¬
(4U lc¿` 4l lo3 c4
4¿lO4 c3 43ío4,Or4U. . lc3
4Ì ío4¬ anO 4¿íOo)LIack
IhoroIOroaOvancosIho ¡awnIirsI.
39 . . . c4 40 Ke2 (Liagram4) c3
1homOroOirocI4U lo4wOuIO
nOILosuIIicionIIO win
4Ì íIo¬ í·Io 4¿ g·Io lIo
43h4 ho 44lO¿ go 4o I ·go
(4o h·go` ho' ) h·go 4o h·go
(4oho` g4 47ho lgo
4boo t ·oo IOsos) l·go, anO
nOw 47 oo' ¦íquíOaIos ovorything
anOOraws,LutinIorostngIy
47 lc3 IOsos 47 . . lto
4bl·c4 l·oo 4¬lL4 l·Io
oU lao loo o Ì l·ao to o¿ lL7
(o¿lLo I4 o3lc4 lo4
o4lc3 lo3 anOwins) I4
o3 a4 I3 o4ao I¿ oo ao I Ì /¸
oo a7 anOaIIhOugh aquoon
cannOIusuaLywin againsIallOn
IhosovonIh,horoshocan,Ly
oo lOo o7ab/¸ ¸Lo¬
Ì ¬
obla7 (oblcb ¸O7¬ anOmaIo)
lc7 anOmaIoisIOrcoO
Ps¡IayoO, IhoinIontOnisIO win
wiIh amaLngatIackiIIhowhiIo
knighIwanOorsOItIOO Iarinsoarch
OI¡awns, o g. 4Ì íIo ío7
4¿í·h7 íOo 43íIo í·I4¬
44lOÌ lO3 anOwins PIIho
samoIimo¡assivo¡IayishO¡oIoss
OnaccOunIOIhis¡awnwoak·
nossos, sO\híIoonOsu¡tryingtO
cOm¡rOmiso,koo¡inghisknighIin
a¡OsiIiOntO harasstho kíngtrOm
LohmO
41 Kdl Ne7 42 Nf6 Nf5
43 Kcl aS!
lIayoO¡arI¦y Locauso \hiIo is
havingIrOuLIoIinOingmOvos
whichOO nOIcOmmiIhimIaIaIIy,
anO¡arIly Locauso Iho a·¡awnwiL
OLviOusIy LoausoIuI assoIinIho
IinaIsIagos,iIiIcan roach a3
44 Nd7 Ne3
44. . lo4 issLU¡romaturo.
4o lc¿ l·I4 4ol·c3 l·go
47 lc4, whon \hiIowinsIho
a·¡awn anOgoIsgOOOcOunIor¡Iay
wiIhhisOwn ¡assoO¡awn luch
LotIorIO koo¡IhoinitiatvoanO
avOiOquick maIoria¦gains.1ho
¡¦annOwis sim¡IyIO ¡icku¡tho
t·¡awnLy . . . íOo
45 Nb8 Kd3 46 Nc6
ÏI 4oíO7 íOo 47 íco¬ lo3
4boo I ·oo 4¬í·oo í·I4 wins
46 . . . a4 47 Nd8 Nd5
48 e6 fXe6 (4b í·t4is
quickorsL) 49 NXe6 a3
50 Nc5+ Kc4 51 Ne4 Nb4
(íOw ovonLoIIorIhan . í·I4)
52 Kbl Kd4 0- 1 (1hoIinish
wOuIOLo o3 íI¿ lo3
o4íg4 lO¿)
GAME 6 \hiIo PnOorssOn LIack loO¡na
laIma, IU7Z loLL¡oning
1hoIOIÌOwingonOingisraIhorOoco¡LvoaI IirsI sighI LIack has an OuIsiOo
¡awn ma¡OriIywhichwOuIO givohiman aOvanIagoinmOsIonOings, anO
¡arLcuIarIy knighIonOings, Locauso tho shOrI·sto¡¡ing kníghtIinOs iI
im¡OssiL¦oIO stO¡ a OisIanI ¡awn anOinIIuonco ovonIs On tho OIhor siOo at
IhosamoLmo
ÏntorostíngIy, IhOugh,Iho ¡rosontgamois anoxco¡IiOn\hiIohas
aLrOaO¡awncontro,whíchisusua¦IyrogarOoOas amíOOIo·gamoaOvan·
Iago,LoingausotuItrOnILohinOwhichIOLuiIOu¡anaIIacklOwovor,
such aconIroaIsOrosIricIsIhoonomy¡iocos - in IhoonOgamoaswoIIas
thomiOO¦o gamo - anO sO\híto achiovos a s¡aco cOntrOIín IhoconIro
anOisthoroLy aLIoIO switchhis¡iocosmOro ra¡íOIyIrOmOnowíngtO Iho
OIhor LIack, OnIhoOIhor hanO, IinOsIhaIho sim¡Iy OOos nOt havoIho
manOouvring s¡acoavaí¦aL¦oIOsu¡¡OrIhís ma|Ority
1 Nf3 d5 2 c4 e6 3 b3 Nf6
4 Bb2 Be7 5 g3 0-0 6 Bg2 c5
7 0-0 b6 8 e3 Bb7 9 Qe2 Nbd7
10 Rd 1 Qc7 1 1 Nc3 Rac8
12 Rac1 Rfd8 13 d3 Qb8
14 cXd5 NXd5 15 a3 NXc3
16 BXc3 Bf6 17 Qb2 h6
18 h3 BXc3 19 RXc3 Nf6
20 Rdc 1 Nd5 21 R3c2 Ne7
22 Ne1 BXg2 23 KXg2 a6
24 b4 cXb4 25 QXb4 RXc2
26 RXc2 Qb7 + 27 Kg 1 ReS
28 Qd6 RXc2 29 NXc2 Nd5
30 e4 Qc7 3 1 QXc7 NXc7
(Liagram l ) 32 d4
ooIIing u¡Iho ¡awnconIro anO
¡rovontng LIack IrOm goIIinghís
Iair sharo Ly 3¿ oo
32 . . . f5
1his is vory quostíOnaLIo sincoíI
woakonshis conIraI¡OsiIíOnovon
mOro, anOIhohOIoOn ooshOrIIy
LocOmos a soriOus maIIor, Loing an
iOoaÌ s¡ringLOarOIOrtho whiIo
knighI, trOmwhíchIOaIIackIho
l·síOo ¡awns LIacks íOoaisIO goI
hís kingIO Iho conIroOnomOvo
sOOnor Ly OL¦igíng\hiIoIO ¡¦ay
¿U
I3, LuIIhis is harOIysuIIiciont
cOm¡onsatiOn.
33 f3 Kf7 34 Kf2 Ke7
35 Ke3 Kd6 36 Kd3 g6{?)
LIackistom¡IoOtOmako waiIíng
mOvosIOrthomOmont,Lutagaín
asIighIwoakoningOIhis ¡OsitiOnis
invOIvoO \hitosconIrorosIricIshís
¡iocostO Iho oxtontIhaIhoís
unaLIoIO su¡¡OrIIho aOvancoOt
IhoOuIsiOoma¡OriIy1homOvo
3o Lo, ¡rovonIingIho a¡¡rOach
Diagram !
OIIhoonomy king, givos riso IO Iho
IOIIOwing variaLOns
(a) 37lc3 lco 3blo3
(3blL4 lLo) go 3¬Oo¬ o·Oo`
4Uo·Io g·Io 4Ì l·Io ho
4¿lg7 h4 43g4 lco
44lIo loo 4ol·h4 lgo
4oI4 l·h3 47Io wíIh acIoar
aOvanIago
(L) (lnIho aLOvoLno) 3¬ . lco'
4UO·oo I ·o4
(c) 37lc3 lco 3blL4¬ lLo
3¬ lO3, aimingaIco,ooanOt4,
withaOvantago
(O) 37lc3 ao 3blal ' lco
(Othorwiso 3¬lL3 wiIIIOrco a4
wiIh acri¡¡Iing OIIhoma|OriIy)
3¬lL3 lLo 4Ulco lco
4l lO3 wiIhsOmoaOvantago,
thOughIhis is ¡rOLaLIy LIacksLosI
37 Kc4
lOwitis muchharOorIOrLIack ÏI
ho¡Iays 37 ao,Ihon 3ba4 lco
3¬la3 IoavosIhosquaroLoIaIaLy
woak, whiIo 37 . . Lo¬ 3blL4,
tOIIOwoOítroquiroO Ly laoanO
lL4,wOu¦OaIsOgivohimavory
¡assivogamo
37 . . . Nee
37 oo, IO sOttonu¡ thoonomy
Diagram <
¿!
conIro,IOOks ¡OssíLIo, LuIIho
woaknoss OIIhowing¡awnsIhon
shOws u¡,o g. 3bo·Io g·Io ,, c , .
3¬ lo3 loo (u 3¬ I4
�.´�
4Ug·I4 o·I4 4Ì lIo¬, OriIhoro + �
4U o·O4 4l lIo¬ lco
.
;
w
4¿ l·ho loo 43 Io) 4UOo¬ lIo
4Ì Oo lab (4Ì . . loo 4¿lOo¬)
4¿lOoanOwins
38 Nb4 b5+
Pgain3b. aoaIOnoishO¡oIoss
aIIor 33lO3 lc7 4Ua4 anO loo
39 Kc3 a5 40 Nd3 fXe4
41 fXe4 Ke7 (Liagram ¿)
4 l lg7 IOsosa¡awnimmoOi·
atoIyaIIor 4¿ g4' (4¿ loo lho
43g4 lI4 is nOIsO gOOO) ho
43loo, Or4¿ . go 43loo lo7
44lco¬ ´ra¡hic ¡rOOIOIIho
vaIuoOlIhoconIro squaroooisIho
IacIIhaI\hiIo canmonacoLOIh
Ihoa· anOh·¡awns inIhis way -
anOwiIh aknighI| 1homOvo
¡IayoOis IhoOnlyway IO OoIonO
Iho ¡awnIom¡OrariIy
42 Ne5
liIIingIwO¡awns againanO
tOrcingLIackintOacOunIor·aIIack
42 . . . Nd6 43 Kd3
43 l·go¬ wilInOI OO - 43 . lIo
44oo¬ l·go 4oo·Oo lI7
4o g4 lob 47h4 lO7
4bgo h·go 4¬ho (4¬h·gois
aIsOusoIoss) g4, attorwhichLOth
siOosquoonanOnOIhingcan
LoachiovoO
43 . . . K£6 44 Nc6
lavingOrawnIhoonomyking
ríghIOvorIO Iho OIhor siOo,ho
swiIchoshisIOrcossmOOIhIyIO tho
¸·wingwíIh as¡ooOwhich LIack
cannOI ¡OssiLly maIch
44 . . . Nc4
P sOmowhaIrickoIyOuI¡OstIOrIho
knighI,LuIiI44 lL7 4o la7 L4
4o a·L4 a·L4 47lco (nOI
Diagram 3
47lc4 íOo¬ oIc.) L3 4b lc3,
anO\hiIosoxIra¡awnwí¦Iwín
(a) Locauso Iho ¡awns arosIíI¦
s¡roaO OvorlivolíIos,sO thaIthoro
is suLsIanIiaIIy¡IayOnLOIh siOos
OlIho LOarO, anO (L)Locauso
LIacksIíIIhasawoaksquaroaIoo,
whichOlcOursomakosIhings
wOrso lOrhim
45 Kc3 (Liagram 3)
lro¡aring4oa4anOcausingLIack
IO inOuIgoinaraIhor Oos¡oraIo
¡awnsacrilico. ÏnsIoaO, IhoIwO
mOroOLviOusOolonsivouioslOr
LIackaro (l)4o a4 anO
(¿)4o . . í·a3 1holírsIcan Lo
Ois¡OsoO OlquickIy - 4o . a4
4o lL4 íO¿ 47 oo ¬ llo
4bl·Lo,whonIhowhiIoa·¡awn
wlI¡sott¦oIhomaIIorra¡iOIy, ovoníl
L¦ackmanagos IOrosIOromaIoriaI
oquaIiIy OnIhol·siOo.
4o í·a3is mOrocOm¡¦icaIoO
anOíscorIainIyIhoLosIchancolOr
Iho socOnO¡Iayor.1holOLOwíng
varíaLOnsinOicaIoIhaI\hiIosIiII
roIaíns wínning chancos, IhOugh
IhoOuIcOmois nOt¡orlocIIy cIoar.
(a) 4oí·ao íL̬
47lL4 íO¿ 4boo ¬ llo
¿¿
4¬l·Lo lo4 oUlco (il
oU íco lOo, anO \hiIo cannOI
win) íl3 oÌ íco ígo o¿ h4 íh7
(Or o¿ íl7 o3Oo anOnOw
(l) o3 o·Oo o4oo anOwins,
(¿) o3 . . í·oo o4í·oo l·oo
oo Oo llo oolcoanO wins)
o3 ío7 ílb o4ígb ho
oo ílo¬ ll3 oolOo,winning
mOromaIoriaI
(L) 4¬ ío4 oUg4¬
(oU lco í·g3 o Ì Oo o·Oo
o¿ lOo ío4¬ ísnOtgOOO
onOugh) ll4 o Ì lco lg3 o¿Oo
(o¿ lO7 ígo isusoIoss) o·Oo
o3 l·Oo ígo o4oo í·oo
oo l·oo l·h3 ooíc4 l·g4
o7 íoo¬ wiIh a Oraw
(c) 47 lc¿' ía3 ¬ 4blL2 L4
4¬ lL3 íLo oUíco íc3
o l oo¬ llo o¿ l·L4 íOo ¬
o3 lco anOnOw, aIIhOughLIack
hassoIu¡aLIOckaOolOrIho
mOmonI,holinOshimsoIIshOrIOl
mOvos,ilo3 . ío3 o4ío7¬ lgo
oo OoissIrOnglOr\hiIo, anOil
o3 lo4 Or o3 lgo, Ihon
o4 lOo, lOIIOwoO shOrIIyLyío7,is
sullicionIIO win
45 . . . e5(?) 4G d Xe5 + KeG
4o í·oo 47 í·ao is aIsO
hO¡oIoss ln Iho¦Ongrun
47 a4 NbG 48 a Xb5 a4
49 Kb4 h5 50 h4 Kd7 5 1 Nd4
o Ì íaoisovon sim¡Ior,o g
o Ì loo o¿íc4,wínníng
immoOiatoIy, Or oÌ . a3
o¿ l·a3 loo o3 lL4, anOLIack
cannOtca¡turo. lOwovor,Iho
gamoisOnIy¦ongthonoOLy
acOu¡IoOlmOvos
5 1 . . . Ke7 52 Nc2 KeG 53 Na3
1-0. 1hoa·¡awnlsnOwIOsI
GAME 7 \hiIo locht LIack lurmo
licoLIym¡iaO, Ì ¬74 lotL¡onmg
1 N£3 d5 2 b3 N£6 3 Bb2 g6
4 e4 e6 5 g3 Bg7 6 Bg2 0-0
7 0-0 Bg4 8 d3 QeB 9 Ne3 Bh3
10 eXd5 BXg2 1 1 KXg2 eXd5
12 Re1 Ne6 13 Na4 QeB
14 Ne5 NXe5 15 BXe5 ReS
16 Qd2 Qb5 17 Qb2 b6
18 Re2 RXe2 19 QXe2 Qd7
20 Re1 Ng4 21 BXg7 KXg7
22 h3 N£6 23 Qe7 RdB
24 Qe5 Qd6 25 QXd6 RXd6
26 Rea Rd7 27 e3 Rb7
28 K£ 1 h5 29 Ke2 e6
30 Ne3 b5 31 Re5 a6
32 Re6 Ra7 33 Kd2 K8
34 a4 bXa4 35 NXa4 Nd7
36 Ke3 Ne5 37 ReS+ Ke7
38 d4 Nd7 39 b4 N£6
40 £3 NeB 41 Ne5 Nd6 42 Re6
(Liagram Ì ) LIackIinOs himsoII
unOor ¡rossuroIrOm thomOro
aggrosslvoIy¡lacoOwhiIo¡iocos,
his immoOiato¡rOLIomLoingIho
IaIoOIhisa·¡awnlocOrrocIly
OociOos On Iho aOvanco OIIho
¡awn,which invOIvos aknighI
sacritico,aItorLougcOnvincoOthat
IhoaltornativosarowOrIhIoss
1 - (lassivoOoIonco) 4¿ lLb¬
43 lL3 lc7 (Or43 ao
44L·ab l·ao 4blL4, anOiI
4o Ta7 4olc7 ¬ lOb
47 lO7 ¬ anO 4b l·ao) 44la4
anO Ihoking¡onoIraIosIOao,Or
ovonLo,wiIh acOmtOrtaLIowin
2 - (´OunIor·aIIack)4¿ . lIb
43 l·ao (nOt43l·ao Locauso
howanIsIOroIainhis actvorOOk)
anOnOw
(a) 43 l·g3 44Lb lL7
4olL4 lIb 4olco lLb
47lc7 ¬ lob 4blao anOwms
¿3
(L) 43 . l·o3 44Lb lc4
(44 . lO7 4olL4-co) 4blL4,
anO,aIthOughLIackhasko¡IIho
maIoria¦Lmanco,hohasnOanswor
IOIhowhiIo kmgs IhroaIIO
¡onotraIohis ¡OsitOn lisOwn
ma|Ority cannOILoaOvancoO
Locauso iIhasnO¡rO¡or su¡¡OrI
(c) 43 lL7 44lcb lLo
4o lL3 l·o3 4ola4 lLb
47lc7¬ lob 4bLo anO again
\hito iswinnmg
42 . . . a5! 43 bXa5 RXa5
44 RXd6!
¯hoOnIyhO¡oIOr awm, as
44lc7¬ IoaOsIOnOIhing
44 . . . Ra3+ 45 Kb4
LIcOurso\hiIomusIaIIackIho
rOOk, anOiIisim¡OrIanIIO chOOso
Ihoright squaro. 4o lL¿ is inIoriOr
LocausoOI4b l·o3 anOnOw
\hiIomusthurry LackIO savo his
romaining ¡awns (cOunIor·aI|ackis
asyoIim¡OssiLIoOn accOunI OI
LIacksIirm¡awnsIructuro) -
4o lO7¬ lob (nOt4o lIo
Diagram !
47ÌL7! l·t3 4blOb l·g3
4¬ l·I7 ¬ lgo oUl·oo ¬ lh4
o l Ìt4 go o¿ l·Oo lO3
o3 Ìo7' l·h3 o4 Oo g4
oo lc¿ lO4 oolh7 g3 -
oo h4 o7l·h4¬¹ -
o7 l·ho¬ lg¿ oblIo! anO
wins) 47 lL7 l·I3
4blL3 lI¿ ¬' 4¬lc3 go' anO
Iho tixing Ottho whiIoh·¡awn
guaranIoosLIackIhowinOtatur·
thor¡awnPt|orIhocOrrocItoxI
mOvoLIack hasnOsuchrosOurco
45 . . . RXe3 46 Rd7+
1akíngthoO¡¡OrIuniIy tOtOrco
L¦ackIOIho Lackrank,sinco
4o lto wOuIOsuttortho samo
taIoas shOwninIhoIastnOtoahor
47lL7oIc.
46 . . . Ke8 47 Ra7 RX£3 48 Ra3
L¦acknOwtacostho Oitticu¦I
¡rOLIomOtwhothortO oxchango
hisacLvorOOk anOIrytO ¡onotrato
Iho l·siOowiIhhiskìng, OrIOkoo¡
his rOOk, inwhích caso thowhito
¡iocos wÙOisIurL hisking anO
mako it OittícuII tOrhimtOtinO
suitaLIo ¡¦ay lochOOsosIO
oxchango,righIIyÌIhink, ashis
kingIhoncOmosthrOughquíIo
Diagram <
�-
¿4
quickIyIO tho sconoOtacLOnPtIor
4b ltl 4¬h4,tO¦!OwoOLy
ÌO3-oo OrÌO3-t4anOtho ro·
conIra¦isìng Ottho king,is gOOOtOr
\hiIo
48 . . . RXa3 49 KXa3 Ke7
(Liagram ¿) lomustaOvancoaI
Onco,IO Loas tarahoaO OtIho
whítokingas ¡OssiL¦o ¯hoonOing
Otknightvs ¡awnswhich nOw
tOIIOwsisoxtromo¦yOittícu¦ItOr
LOth siOosLnowOuIOnOt
nOrma¦Iy ox¡ocIIwO ¡awnsIO Lo
sutticionIcOm¡onsatiOntOra¡ioco,
os¡ocia¦Iysincothoyaro sIi¦!
roIativoIyLackwarO,LutLIacks
strucIuroìs vorysIrOnganOhis
kingis Lottor¡IacoO, sO a Oraw
maywo¦¦Lotho cOrrocI OutcOmo
wíth Lost¡¦ay
50 Nd3
ÌIwOu¦OLomOsIunwisotOIOuch
Iho¡awnsyot, o g oUh4 lto
o Ì ÌO3 (o l lL3 lto-g4 is ovon
wOrso) lto o¿ Ìt¿ Io o3 lL3 go
o4 lc3 g·h4 oo g·h4 lt4 anO
ìtis \hito whO wiLLotíghtíngIO
Orawlnviow Otthis \hitos chOico
¦iosLoIwoonIho mOvo¡IayoO anO
oUlL4, LOth aimoO atro·
contra¦isingPt|or oUlL4 wohavo
oU lto oÌ lc3 lgo o¿ lO3
(o¿lL7` h4 o3g4 lt4
o4 ÌOb lg3 isvory LaO tOr
\hito) h4 o3 g4 lt4 anOL¦acks
OOminatOnOtthosquarost4 anO
g3isaLigsto¡tOrwarO ¯ho
tOI¦Ow·u¡mightLo o4lo¿ (nOt
o4ÌL7 lg3 oolo3 go - tixing
tho g·¡awn - oolOb to' anO
\hitoisinaLaOwaywhichovor
wayhoca¡turos) lg3 oo lo3 go¹
(againtixinganOavOiOlng a
¡OssiL¦otuIurogotrOm\hito)anO
LIackwins athirO ¡awn \hito
IhorotOro OociOos IO cOvar t4
atOnco
50 . . . K£6
LIackshOuIOOnnO accOunIIOOson
his¡awn¡OsitOnLoIOrohiskingis
wo¦IaOvancoOÌt oU to, ¡Ianning
lOoanO oo, ol Ìt4 lI7
o¿ lL3 Ioavos him wiIhOuI agOOO
mOvo,o g o¿ . go
o3Ì·ho lgo o4g4 Io
oolc3 t4 oolO3,tO¦IOwoO
shOrIIy Ly acOunIor·sacriticoatI4
anO\hito wins oasiIy
51 Kb4
\hitocanOOnOIhingwithOuthis
king, anOIho aIIom¡tIOhO¦OLIack
u¡Ly o Ì Ìoo wOuIOLo IruitIoss,
o g o Ì . lIo' o¿Ì·I7 lo4 anO
nOw.
(a) o3 Ìoo l·O4
o4Ì·go lo3 ooÌoo
(ooÌh4 O4 oog4 h·g4
o7 h·g4 lI4) lo4 anO LIack
cortain¦y cannOIIOso.
(L) o3 Ìgo ¬ l·O4
o4Ì·oo¬ lo3 anOIho whiIo
¡awnswJLowi¡oOOut,Ioaving
aOraw
·
51 . . . K£5 52 Kc3
LIacknOwhasIO chOOsoLotwoon
thoimmoOiato aOvancoOthisking,
aLanOOningIhoI·¡awn,OrIho
mOrocauLOus o¿ Io, aüOwing
\hiIosking an oxta tom¡OtO
a¡¡rOachthocontro lomaywoII
havo Loon ¡rossoOtOrtimo aI
mOvo o¿, sOO¡ts IOrIhosaIomOvo
lOwovor, o¿ . lo4 wOuIOsOOn
havomaOoIhoOrawcIoar -
o3 Ìoo (nOthingoIsoistO Lo
soriOusIycOnsiOoroO) to
o4Ì·go lI3 ooÌtb (nOI
oo ÌI4` h4' ) oo (oo . l·g3
oo Ì·oo l·h3 o7ÌI4¬ lg4
obÌ·Oo h4 mayaIsOLo¡¦ayaLIo
LutwOu¦OcorIain¦ynOtwin, anO sO
iIissaIorIOOo¡rivo\hitoOthis
¿o
O�awn) oo O·oo I·oo
o7Ìgo o4 obg4 h·g4
(ob o3` o¬Ìoo¬ is LaO)
o¬h·g4 o3 oUÌoo¬ lI4,
Orawing
52 . . . £6
1hismOvoisquiIosOunO,wiIhOuI
LoingasaccuraIo as o¿ . lo4
53 Kd2!
o3ÌI4` h4 wOuIO c¦oar¦yLoLaO,
whiIoLIackhasIhosamoro¡IytO
o3ÌI¿ - o3 h4' o4 g·h4 lI4
ooÌg4 (ooÌO3¬ lg3
ooÌco oo,Or oolO¿ lg3
oolo¿ oo o7O·oo I ·oo anO
\hiIo wÙquickIyIOso LOIh his
¡awns) oo' oo Ì·Io o·O4¬
o7l·O4 lg3 anO Oraws.1ho
mOvo chOsonnOIOnIyLringsIho
king noarorLutrotmns cOntO¦ Ovor
I4anO koo¡s Ìco¬ inrosorvo,soo
IhonoxtnOIo
53 . . . Ke4
o3 h4isun¡IayaLIonOw,o g.
o4g·h4 lo4 ooÌco¬ l·O4
(Or oo . . lIo oolo3 oo o7 ÌO3
anOnOw (a) o7 . o4 ob ÌI4
(L) o7 . . o·O4¬ obl·O4 go
o¬ ho, (c) o7 . loo obÌc l ' lIo
o¬ Ìo¿, tOIlOwoO Ly Ìg3( ¬) anO
ho, anO\hiIois winning)
boÌ·oo¬ lo4 (oo loo
o7 ÌIb lIo oblo3 isZugzwang)
o7 lo¿ O4 obÌIb lto o¬ lO3
anOwinsÏnviowOIthis, anOtacoO
wiIhIhoIhroaIOtIurthorcOnsOLOa·
IiOnLy\hiIo (o4lo3),LIackIakos
Iho¡IungoanO cOrrocIIy¦iquiOaIos
inIOanonOingwhoro\hitois
roOucoOIOhis¦asI¡awn
54 Nc5+ K£3
PnOIhor ¡rOLIom tOrLIack
o4 l·O4 Ioavos\hiIowithOuI
a ¡assoO¡awn,LuItho variaLOns
(a) oo Ì·oo¬ loo oo Ìt4 lto
o7 lo3 anO (L) ooÌ·oo ¬ lo4
oo loZ (OIhorwiso oo lI3) go
o7 lco¬ lO4 ob lO7 to
o¬lt3 lc3 oUloo arocIoarIy
OangorOus tOr him
55 NXe6 KXg3 56 Nc7 KXh3
57 NXd5 (Liagram 3)
1hogamoisnOwvoryOoLcaIoIy
LaIancoO1horoisnO ¡OssiLiÌityOI
LIackswinningwithOutasoriOus
orrOrOn\hiIos¡arIanO,in tacI,
aIIhOugh a OrawshOuIOstl¦Lotho
OutcOmo, LIackhasIO ¡Iaywith
groaI¡rocisiOnÏnsOmovariatOns
IhorighI¡Ianis nOttOIrytO hOIO
OnIO aI¦Ihroo ¡awnsLutIO IotOno
gOanOusotho IimotO oOgo acrOss
tOwarOsthowhito¡awn Ïntho
IOIIOwinganaIysisIhoro aroaIsO
anumLorOtvariaIiOnsinwhich
LOIhsiOosquoona¡awnanO
\hiIoisIhonaLIotOwinLy
aOirocIatIack
57 . . . Kg4!
P strango·
¡
OOkingmOvo,LutIho
OnIycOrrocI Ono, tho mainroasOn
LoingIhaIIhoh·¡awnnooOsoxtra
¡rOtocIiOntOonaLIo goIO Lo
¡IayoOshOrI¦y LLviOus¦y
o7 lgZ oblI4¬ isLaO, whJo
IhonaturaI o7 to IaiIs against
ob lo7' (it oblt4¬` lg3
o¬ l·go h4 anO thoknighIhas
IOLosacriticoO at Onco, it oblo3
IhonnOIob . I4 o¬Oo otcLuI
ob lh4' o¬Oo lgoanOL¦ack
catchosIho ¡awn)anOnOw
(a) ob I4 o¬ Oo I3 oUl·go IZ
o l loZ lgZ oZlI4¬ anOwins,
(L) ob go o¬Oo I4 (o¬ g4
oUl·Io) oUOo I3 oÌ lto anO
wins, (c) ob lg4 o¬l·go h4
oUlo3 h3 ol loo ¬ anO oZlt3
anO\hitoiswinning
o7 lg3 mighIsoom¡¦ausiL¦o
LuI, as monuOnoO, iIisossontaIO
cOvorthoh·¡awnanOLIackwOu¦O
Zo
Diagram 3
IhonIOsoas tO¦¦Ows oblo3' (nOt
ob l·Io h4 o¬lo4¬ lI4 anO
L¦ackgoIs Lack IOwarOs IhowhiIo
¡awn)anOnOw (a) ob h4
o¬ l·to h3 oUlo4¬ anO
oÌ lIZ wins, (L) ob Io
o¬lI4 h4 oUOo go (oU h3
o l l·h3) oÌ loZ¬ lgZ
oZOo I4¬ (iIoZ . . h3 o3O7 hZ
o4Ob/¸ hÌ /¸ oo¸·go¬ anO
matoinatowmOvos)
o3 l·t4¬ g·I4¬ o4l·I4 h3
ooO7 hZ ooOb/¸ hÌ /¸ anOwo
havoOnoOIthOso curiOus casos
whoroakinganOquooncanLoat
akinganOquoonPIIorthoIurIhor
o7 ¸OZ¬ lh3 (iI o7 . lgÌ
ob lg3 maIos, as OOos o7 lIl
ob¸O̬ lgZ o¬¸oZ¬ lgÌ
7Ulg3) ob ¸o3¬ \hitomatosin
twO mOromOvos
58 Ke3
obl·Io ¬ lIo iswOrsoas Iho
knighI cannOI thon roIurntO Oo, On
accOunI Oto¬ lo4
58 . . . h4?
laving¡IayoOIhoonOingwo¦¦u¡
IOnOw, LIackIhrOws itaway
ÏIIurnsOuIIhatinthis casoIhotwO
¡awns aronOtsumcionItOhOIOIho
OrawanOL¦ackshOu¦OIhorotOro
havo socuroO aI¦throoLy ob Io' ,
atIorwhich\hiIo hasIho IOI¦Owing
chOicos
(a) o¬lI4 go oUlO3 I4¬
oÌ lo4 (Or oÌ lI¿ lIo o¿Oo g4
anO\hitocannOIhO¡oIOwin)
lg3' o¿Oo (Or o¿ loÌ g4,Or
o¿lcÌ t3) h4 anO LIackquoons
wiIh chockanO OrawsoasiIy
(L) o¬ lo7 lgo oUOo lIo
o l lco h4 anO agaíntho Ihroo
¡awns ¡ormiI LIackIO Oraw
cOmIOrtaLIyÏIhoro oUlgb' ` h4
oÌ Oo t4 ¬ o¿lI3 lIo.
(c) o¬lIo ¬ lgo
oU lh7 ¬ lg4 oÌ Oo I4¬
o¿lI¿ lIo anO Oraws
59 NXf6+ K5 60 Ne4 g5
¯ho¡awnsaOvancotOgothorIO
avOiOL¦OckaOoastaras ¡OssiLIo
61 Nc3
lOt o I Oo` h3 o¿ Oo h¿
o3 O7 hÌ /¸ o4lg3¬ loo wiIh
aOraw
61 .. . g4 62 Ne2 Kg5
LIackmakoswaitngmOvoswiIh
his kingIO Iry anO avOíOLIOckaOo,
whichisim¡OrIantLocauso
LIOckaOowOuIOLoIhoIírsIsIo¡
IOwarOswínningIho ¡awns \híto
Oaro nOIIoavoIho LIack ¡awns IO
su¡¡Orthís OwnLuI,ovonsO,ho is
aLIoIO IinO awin o¿ . h3 wOuIO
havoIOsIaIIor o3lg3¬ lgo
o4lo4 lh4 oolI4,OriIhoro
o3 loo o4lo4 anO \hiIo musI
winLocausohohas asmanyIom¡O
mOvos wiIhhisknighI ashowishos
Ìto¿ g3 o3lt3 lgo
o4lI4 lIo oolh3 g¿(' ) - OIhor·
wíso oolo4oIc. - oolgÌ lgo
¿7
o7l·g¿ lt4 oblh3 lo4
o¬lo¿ oIc
63 Nf4
o3 Oo isLaOanOIrans¡OsosinIO
IhonOIoIO LIacks noxI mOvo, LuI
\hiIocOuOhavowOnmOro
quickIywiIho3lo4 o3 h3
anO g3 thon suIIorIhosamoIaIo
asintho¦astnOIowhi¦oito3 lto
o4 lI4 g3 oo lgÌ loo oolo4
wíns \híIoschOsonmOvoOOos
nOIs¡OJanyIhíngLuImoro¦y
¡rO¦OngsIhogamo
63 . . . h3
LOsíngquickIy, as wOulOo3 g3
o4lI3 oIc , LuIaIIoro3 1Io
o4lo¿ lgo \hiIowins asshOwn
wiu oolo4 lOIhOwovor
oo Oo lto oolO4 h3 o7Oo h¿
(o7 . loo` oblco anOwins)
obO7 hÌ /¸ o¬lg3 ¬ loo anO
Oraws.Ïn IhisIastvariaIíOn
ob . 1oo` o¬Ob/¸ hÌ /¸
7U lt4¬ wOuIOLoLaO ¡layLy
LIackLutwOuIOiIlustaIohOw
aquoonanOknighIcansOmoIímos
sLru¡ onOughIhroaIs IOLoaI
aquoon,viz7U lI7 (7U lIo
7 Ì ¸tb¬ lgo 7¿¸g7¬' maIos
atooOrwinstho quoon)
7 Ì ¸O7¬ lto (7Ì lgb
Irans¡Osos) 7¿¸oo¬ lg7
(7¿ lgo 73¸oo¬ winsIho
quoon) 73 ¸o7¬ anOnOw
(a) 73 . . . lho 74¸Io¬ lh7
7o¸t7 ¬ anO maIos
(L) 73. lgb 74¸ob¬ lg7
7o lho ¬ lho 7o¸hb¬ lgo
77 ¸Io¬ winsIhoquoon
64 Ne2 K4 65 Kf4 h2 66 Ng3
1-0.
GAME 8 \hito.ltIogor LIack Larson
laní¦a, Ì ¬14 LngLsh L¡oning
1 c4 g6 2 Nc3 Bg7 3 g3 Nc6
4 Bg2 d6 5 Nf3 e5 6 d3 £5
7 0-0 Nf6 8 Rh 1 h6 9 b4 g5
10 b5 Ne7 1 1 a4 Nd7
12 Ne1 Nc5 13 e3 0-0
14 d4 Ne6 1 5 Nc2 eXd4
16 eXd4 f4 17 Re1 Kh8
18 Nd5 N£5 19 Bb2 Bd7
20 Qd3 c6 21 bXc6 bXc6
22 Ndb4 g4 23 NXc6 BXc6
24 B Xc6 Ng5 25 Bg2 Rb8
26 Bc3 RXb1 27 RXb1 Qf6
28 gX£4 Nh4 29 d5 QX£4
30 BXg7+ KXg7 31 Qd4+ Kg6
32 QX£4 RX£4 (Liagram Ì )
Ïn s¡iIoOIhis¡awnOoIiciI LIack
hasthoLoItor chancos ín¡racIico,
sincohisatIacking¡rOs¡ocIshavo
¡orsistoOinIO tho onOgamo,
aIIhOughIhostronguOIIhís atIack
isLynO moansOLviOus
lirsIIyIhowhíIoLishO¡is aLaO
¡ioco,hommoOinLyhisOwn
O·¡awn anOhavingIOkoo¡waIch
OvorIhovariOuskníghIchocks
whích mighILoOangorOus
oocOnOIy L¦ackscOntOIOIg¿
moansthaI Lack rOwIhroaIs aroin
thoairanOhíscOntOIOII3anOh3
makosítOiIIicu¦ItO LlIhothroaIs
OIhorIhanLyrunning wiIhIhoking
lina¦¦y anoxchangoOIrOOks
wOuIOIavOurLIack,whOsoking
cOuIOinvaOoIho contro atOnco
33 Ne3
ÌI 33 LIÌ ÌgI3 ¬ 34 lhÌ ÌO¿
wOuIOLocatastrO¡hícIOr\híIo
33 . . . Rd4
LIaIItho¡OssiL¦o OíroctaI|acks
LasoOOnakníght chock,
33 . Ìh3¬ IOOksIhomOsI
OangorOus - 34L·h3 g·h3
¿b
anOnOw, (a) 3olL7 lI3¬
3o lhÌ lO4 37lO7 lO¿
3b l·Oo¬ lgo ¦oavosnO OoIonco
IOIhoIhroaIOI3¬ . l·I¿ anO
maIo, (L) 3o lI I ÌI3
3olo¿ Ì·h¿ 37lhÌ ÌI3' ,
(c) 3olOÌ ÌI3 ¬ 3olhÌ Ìoo
anOLIackíswoIlOnIO¡
P¦IOgothor, 33 Ìh3¬ a¡¡oars
IO Loa gOOO aIIornaIivo tO tho
actua¦chOico
34 Rb8
ÏtmusILoimmoOiaIocOunIor¡¦ay, U
hoisIO sIanOa chanco 34 lO¿
cannOILo ¡ormiIIoO wiIhOuIa Iight,
sOIhoOIhor¡OssiLíIíIyis 34 lOÌ ,
whonIhooxchangoOIrOOksIoavos
\híIo wiIh awroIchoO cOIlocLOn OI
¡iocos, o g 34 . l·OÌ ¬
3o Ì·OÌ lIo 3oÌo3¬ lI4 anO
nOw
(a) 37 lI Ì ho 3blo¿ Ì·g¿
3¬ Ì·g¿ ¬ lo4 4UÌo3 ÌI3
4l ÌIÌ lO4 anOíI 4¿ h3 Ìg̬
(L) 37lI Ì ho 3bLhÌ loo
3¬Ìc¿ (3¬lo¿ lO4 Ioavos
Diagram Ì
Diagram <
\hitowiIhOuIaOoconImOvo) ao'
4Ula3 (Or 4UloZ lgl3
4Ì L·l3 l·l3 4Zh3 lg̬)
lO4 4Ì lLo¬ lco 4Zla3 lL4
43lLo llo anOLlackwlns
lavingsotIIoOthaI,IhoquosIiOn
isnOtsOmuchwhothor 34lL7Or
34 lLbisLoIIor,LuIrathor
whothor\hiIo shOu¦O aIIackIho
O·¡awn (lLb-Ob OrlL7-O7)Ortho
a·¡awnÏlhoOociOosOnIho
a·¡awn, wohavo 34lL7 lOZ
3o l·a7 laZ,whorou¡On 3o ao
(3ol·g4 ¡ormiIsmaIoínIhroo)
a¦lOwsag¦OriOusassOrImonIOl
matngaItacks,viz 3o . laÌ ¬
37 lll lh3¬ 3b L·h3 (Or
3b lhÌ ll4' ) g·h3, IOrclng 3¬I4
tOIonOOlltho mato, anOIhon
3¬ laZIhroaIoning4U lgZ¬
4 l lhl ll3 anO maIo LIhon
4Ulo3 ll3¬ 4Ì ll l l·hZ¬
anOIhoh·¡awnìsunsIO¡¡aLlo
1hoaIIornauvoOl37Ll Ì larosnO
LoIIorinviowOl37 . lh3¬
3b lhÌ l·lZ¬ 3¬lgÌ lh3¬
4U lhÌ lIo,matnginIwOílIho
knighIis ca¡turoOOr,il4Ì l·g4,
hoIra¡shimwiIhIho aIIack
cOnLnuíngunaLaIoO

ÏnIholacoOIaIIIhisviOIonco
\hiIomusIc¦oarIyrunwithhis
klngaImOvo 3o, viz 3olI ¦ lOw,
3o lgI3 IOOksgOOO,LuIOn¦yil
\hiIotakosiI - 37L·I3 g·l3
3b lgl (Or 3b lOÌ lgZ anO
a OoaO¦y¡inIOlOlIOw, Or
3b loÌ lgZ¬, wínning aIOnco)
lal¬ 3¬ llÌ lgZ 4Uao lI4
4Ì h4 loZ¬ 4ZlhZ l·l l
43ao l·IZ¬ 44lh3 lgZ anO
maIosÏl\híIo OocIinostO Iako,
hOwovor, IhosiIuatOnisIosscIoar,
o g 37 ao, whonIhowinOlIwO
¡iocos IOr arOOkisO¡sasIrOus -
37 . lal¬ 3b loZ lo̬
3¬ lO3 l·o3¬`
4Ul·o3' l·gZ¬ 4Ì lO3 anO
\hiIo musIwin lOroOvor,noiIhor
37 lO4 3bloÌ nOr
37 l·hZ¬ 3blgÌ achiovos
anyIhing cOncroIo anOIhoroIOro
LIacks LosIís ¡rOLaLIy
37 lOZ¬ 3b loÌ l·gZ¬
3¬l·gZ l·c4 4Uao loo,
whonhokoo¡sIhoa·¡awnunOor
cOntOI anOínroturnlOrhis
maIorlaIOolicithasLoIIor¡IacoO
¡íocosanOanumLorOlIhroaIs,viz
4Ì lO3¬ anO lco,
4Ì . . lI3¬, 4Ì . lIo-o4,oIc.
lOtcoIhaI3o lhI3isínoIloc·
IívohoroOn accOunI Ol 37 l·g4,
whichwOuIOIOsoa¡íocoLy
37 . lOZ¬ againsI3o . lgI3
1hisloaOsusIOIhochiolOisIlncIiOn
LoIwoonIhomanOouvro lL7·a7
anOthowin OlIhoO·¡awn, as
¡¦ayoO,namo¦ythaI in Iho socOnO
casoIhisg·¡awnwí¦ILoOolonOoO
anOIhowhiIorOOkwiIILomOro
vuInoraLIo at Oo 1ho gamo
cOntnuaIìOnmakosIhiscIoar
34 . . . Rd2 35 Rd8 Ra2
36 RXd6+ K5 (LíagramZ)
37 Kf l
Pga¡n IOrcoO, as shOwnoarIior.
íOw,whaI aLOuI 37 íhI3,
whichisnOwasoriOus¡OssiLiliIy,
37 . l·a4 3b coLoingIOOsIOw`
1hoIhroaIis3b ío4,winnmg
OutighI, anOIhisLmo\hiIo has
IiIIIochOicoLuIIOIako.1hon, aItor
3b L·I3 g·I3 3¬ íOÌ lal (Or
3¬ ío4 4Uloo lo¿
4Ì co íO¿¬ 4¿lgÌ ío4 43lI l ,
whichaÌsOgivosLIack nO mOro
IhanaOraw) 4UloÌ ío4
4Ì loo íc3 4¿ lO¿ í·OÌ
43Oo í·I¿ 44co (nOt
44lob¬ lgo 4o lOo lO̬
4olo3 l·Oo 47c·Oo íg4 ¬
4bl·I3 íoo¬ anOwins)LIack
canOOnOLoIIorIhan OrawLy
44 . . lOl¬ 4olo3 íg4¬ anO
mighInOtovonmanagoIhaI
1hocOncIusiOnsoomsIOLoIhaI,
ins¡iIoOIIho OangorsIOIhowhiIo
kmg,nOwincanLoOomOnsIraIoO
IrOmLlack'saIIackanO IhaI his
LosI chanco was OoIinIoIyIOIry
37 . íhI3 PIIorIhaI, iIhoIakos
IhoIinosIarLngwith3¬ ío4,
aOrawisIhomOsIIikoIyrosuIt
37 . . . Ral +?
1his,OnIhoOIhorhanO,roIoasosaII
Iho ¡rossuro anOLIacknOwhas
nOIhingIO maIchIhohOstIo¡assoO
¡awns
38 Ke2 Ra2+ 39 Kd3 RX£2
3¬ í·g¿ 4Uí·g¿ l·I¿
mighILoaIiIIIoLotIor,IhOughho
wOulOhavonOroaIchancoOI
savingthis¡OsitOn (4l ío3 anOiI
4Ì . l·h¿ 4¿l·ho¬)
40 Be4(?)
1hisshOuIOroalIyLocIassoOasm
orrOrOuoIOLmo tOuLIo, LuIIOr
which\hIowOuIOsuroIyhavo
cOnLnuoO 4Ul·ho¬ l·ho
4Ì í·g4¬ lgo 4¿í·I¿ í·g¿
43 co, whonhohasthosamoty¡o
3U
Diagram 3
OIonOingasactuaIIy Occurs, LuI
with anoxta¡awn(OnIyOnooxta,
sincoas¡IayoOLIacksOOnhasIO
aLanOOnhis g·¡awnanyway) Ln
IhoOIhorhanO, LIack'skingwOulO
havocOmoOnosquaronoarorIO
IhowhiIo ¡awns, LuIIhis a¡¡oars
IO makoIiIIIoOiIIoronco,o. g
43. íI4¬ 44lO4 lIo
4o co lo7 4o lco íI7 47 h4, Or
43 . lIo (43 lIo, mIOwingan
oxchango OIknighIs,wOuIOLo
ovon wOrso) 44co íI7 4o lO4
anO\hiIoshOuIOwín
1hoIinochOsonaIsO wins,LuI
Ihingsaroa LiImOro cOm¡IicaIoO
40 . . . Rd2+ 41 KXd2 NXe4+
42 Kd3 NXd6 (Liagram 3)
43 c5 Nf7
luchIho Lostsquaro, OutOItho
wayOIIhoaOvancíng¡awns
44 c6
44OoIOOksgOOOaIIirsI,o g
44 . lgo 4olo4 lIo 4olOo'
(nOI 4oí·g4¬ loo) ho 47co,
Or4o. . íOb 47í·g4¬, oIc.LuI
LIackcan OOLoIIor - 44Oo íI3
4o lo4 (nOI4o íIÌ í3oo,Ihon
íco anO íIObUroquiroO)
anOnOwoithor 4o í3oo
4o lOo lgo 47co í·co
4bl·co ho IoaOingIOaLkoIy
Oraw,OrmOro OangorOusIycOIIocI·
ingIhoh·¡awnanOIhonroIurnlng
quickIywiIhhisknighI,
4o í·h¿ 4o lOo (Or 4oíIo,
throaIoning 47co,4o . íOb
47lOo íI3 4bco í·co
4¬ l·co íoo¬ wiIh aIIoasI
aOrawIOrLIack) g3 47co íg4'
4bíg¿ (Or 4bí·g4 g¿
4¬ c7 gÌ /¸ oUcb/¸ ¸·g4 anO
LIackwms) íIo¬ 4¬loo íOb¬
anOLIackshOuIOwm
44 . . . Kg5
lomusILringIhokinginIO acLOn,
iIinsIoaO44. . íOo 4o íc4 íhIo
4oí·Oo í·Oo 47lO4 lgo
4bloo anOa¡awnquoonsvory
quickIy L 44 íI3
4oíc4 í(oiLor)oo¬
4oí·oo í·oo¬ 47lO4 íI7
4bc7 íOo 4¬loo anOwins
oasily llnaIIy,lI44 ígo 4oíIo'
noaIIycOvors o7 anO Oo, sOIhaI
4o c7 isunstO¡¡aLIo
45 c7 Nd6 46 Kd4
4o íc4 íhIo 47í·Oo í·Oo
4blO4 lIo 4¬lco lo7 wOuIO
Lo LaO, OncoIho¡awnsaro
Diagrm ÷
3 l
LIOckaOoO,\hiIo hasnOhO¡o
ovonOIaOraw ÌnsIoaOhoIOrcos
LIackIO aLanOOnIho g·¡awnLy
hisIhroaIOI47loo.1hoLIack
king wiInOwaIsO LoshuIOuIOI
IhoviIaIsquaro O7
46 . . . K6
íOI4o ígo 47lco, nOr
4o íhIo¬ 47 loo' (LuInOI
47í·Io l·Io 4blco Ioo)
47 NXg4+ Ke7 48 Ne5!
larLot|orIhan 4bí·ho` lO7,
whonhowLLostuggLngtO Oraw
lrOmnOwOnLIackcanOnIy
OoIonO¡assivoIy
48 . . . Nhf5 + 49 Kc5 h5 50 aS
(Liagram4) Kf6
loisgoItlngcIOsoIOZugzwang,
oU ao oÌ lLo OLviOusIyOnIy
makosthingswOrso, whiIotho
knighIaIIoisnooOoOIO chockIho
kingawayIrOmco, shOuIOho
vonIuroIhoroÏI, o g oU ío3
o l lco íoIo o¿ígo¬ lob
o3 íh4' í·h4 o4l·Oo íIo¬
oo loo ío7 oo Oo anO wins ÏI
oU íg7 oÌ lco ígob
o¿ao lIo (noiIhorknightcan
mOvo) o3íc4 lo7 o4h4 ícb
oolL7 íoOo¬
oo í·Oo í·Oo¬
o7l·a7 ícb¬ oblLb lO7
o¬Oo' wins
5 1 Nc6
o Ì íc4 lo7 |usIro¡oaIsIho
¡OsitOn,LuIIhis now atIack isIOO
muchIOrLIack.
51 . . . Nc8 (Oro Ì . ao o¿ ía7)
52 a6
íOwIhoknlghtaIcbcannOImOvo
anOagaìnsIOthor OoIoncos \hlIos
¡Ianismuchtho samo, namoIyIO
rotro IhoknighI anO ¡onoIraIo IO
cowiIhIhoking ÏInOw o¿ . . lI7
o3 íoo¬ lIo o4íc4 lo7
oo lco íO4¬ oo lL7 anO wms,
ito¿ ÌIOo o3 ÌO4 lo7
o4lco ÌLo oo h4 ÌLcb
ooÌoo ÌLo o7ÌI4 oIc,it
o¿ . Ìg7 o3ÌO4 Ìob o4lco
LroakingIhrOughIO O7Or L7,
muchasinIho gamo
52 . . . h4 53 h3 Ng7
1hovariatOnsaronOwsimJarIO
IhOso inIho IasI nOIo,wiIhIho
aOOitOnal ¡OmIIhaILIacksh·¡awn
isaLItIowoakor, iI anythmg
(a) o3 ÌIOo o4ÌO4 lo7
oo lco ÌLo ooÌI3 ÌIo
o7Ì·h4' Ì·h4 obOo¬ lob
o¬ O7¬ anO wins
(L) o3 ÌtOo o4ÌO4 loo
oo ÌI3 ¬ lI4 ooÌ·h4 lg3
o7 Ìgo l·h3 ob Ìo7 anO wins
(c) o3 ÌtOo o4ÌO4 ÌIo
ooÌ·to l·Io oolco loo
o7lL7 ÌOo¬ obl·a7 l·Oo
o¬ lLb anOwms
54 Nd4 Ne8 55 KeG Ne7+
LvonO7cannOIOngorLocOvoroO
3¿
Locauso OIIhochockat Io, sO
a¡iocomustLosacriticoO
56 Kd7 NXc7 57 KXc7 NXd5+
58 Kb7 Kg5
Ïtob ÌL4 o¬ÌI3 (LuInOt
o¬ l·a7` lgo oUÌt3¬ lI4
o Ì Ì·h4 lg3 anO\hiIoIOsos
LOIh ¡awns) lIo oUÌ·h4¬ lI4
o Ì Ìg¿¬ lg3 o¿h4 l·g¿
o3 l·a7 anO a¡awnmustquoon
- aniIlustatOnOIhOwcIOsoIhis
onOing isI 1hosamonaIuraIlyhOIOs
truoOnIhonoxtmOvo,i o itmusI
LoÌI3 tirst
59 Nf3+ K£4 60 NXh4 Kg3
61 Ng2!
P vory¡IoasingIinish OnIho samo
Ihomo,withtho aOOoOaIIractOn
IhaIiIo l l·h3
o¿ÌI4 ¬' Ì·I4 o3 l·a7 ÌOo
(Oro3 ÌO3 o4lLo) o4lL7
winsÏI o l l·g¿ o¿h4 oIc , as
inIhoIasInOto
1-0.
3. Bishops
¯ho IirsI¡arIOIIhischa¡torOoa¦swiIhLishO¡sOIIhosamocOIOur,
O¡¡OsìIo LishO¡s a¡¡oaringin lOs l 3- Ì o
lOs ¬ anO l J aro LOIh tochnica¦achiovomonts Ly \hito, anO i¦¦usIrato
manOouvring againsI¡awn woaknossosanO Ihouso Ot Zugzwang lO. Ì Ì
isaIy¡icaI casoOt¡Iay OnOnosiOo (cI a¦sO ÌOs 43 anO 44) lOstOIIhoso
shOuIO LoOrawnwiIhLosI¡¦ay, Lut with tOur¡awns againsIthroo thoro is
¡¦onIy OtscO¡oIOr OotonsivoorrOrs
ÌO l ZisaOitticuIIanaIysis OIIhoIOngost\Or¦O ´ham¡iOnshi¡ gamo
ovor¡IayoO, OrraIhorIho¦asIha¦I Ot ìI ÏIcOncornschiot¦yIhoquostiOn
OtLishO¡anO wrOngrOOk¡awn, anO Iho oxco¡IiOnsIOthoLasic Orawn
¡OsiIiOn whichcan ariso PIIhOughIhis LOOk cOntains tow rotoroncosIO
onOgamo stuOios,nOIossIhanIhroo crO¡ u¡ horo
1horomainOorOIIhocha¡IorisOovOtoOtOO¡¡OsitoLishO¡s,with\OrIO
´ham¡iOns againaIwOrk inIho tirsItwO Ïn lO Ì 31aIs king smashosu¡
his O¡¡Ononts gamo a¦mOst singIo·hanOoO, whi¦o lO. Ì 4has lar¡Ov
squoozingovory Ounco OIaOvantago OuI Othis ¡OsitiOnLy sOmosuLIIo
¡awn¡¦ay ¯ho¦ast gamo shOws¡¦aywithanunLaIancoO¡awn sIrucIuro,
anOagain makosrotoroncotOIhowrOng rOOk ¡awn
GAME 9 \hiIo o¡assky L¦ack Lyrno
´anOiOaIos¸uartor·IinaI, l ¬74 olciLan LoIonco
1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 d6 3 Bb5+ Bd7
4 BXd7+ QXd7 5 c4 e5
6 Nc3 Nc6 7 d3 g6 8 a3 Bg7
9 Rb1 Nge7 10 b4 b6
Diagram Ì
1 1 0-0 0-0 12 Nd5 NXd5
13 cXd5 Nd4 14 NXd4 cXd4
15 Bd2 Rac8 16 Qb3 Rc7
17 Rbc1 Rfc8 18 b5 RXc1
19 RXc1 RXc1 + 20 BXc1 Qc7
21 Qc4 QXc4 22 dXc4
(Liagram Ì )
1hoIO¦IOwmg gonora¦¡OínIs may
LomaOoaLOuIIhis ¡OsiIiOn
l - 1ho L¦ackLishO¡isasIighI¦y
intoriOr ¡ioco, LuInOthO¡o¦oss¦ysO,
iILIack¡Iayshis kmgIOthoconIro
anO siIs IighIhoshOu¦O LoaLIo IO
33
hOIOtho gamo
¿ - \hiIohas anOthor smaIl
aOvanIagoin thaIho can aOvanco
hís a·¡awnIO ao, iI L¦ack ca¡Iuros
hoís tacoOwith(L·ao), Lc7 anO
LLb, OrithoOOosnOI ca¡Iurothon
ao ¦oavos him unOorIho cOnsIant
IhroatOtasacriticoOnLoIO
¡rOmOto Iho a·¡awn1his is OnoOI
tho mamIhomosOtIho onOing
22 . . . £6 23 Kf l Bf8 24 a4 Be7
25 Ke2 Kf7 26 Bd2 £5?
1hisisnOtataIa¦misIako,LuIit
givos\hitomOroIargotstO attack
ÏIis ¡OssiL¦othaIL¦ackOvorraIoO
his ¡OsitiOn, ox¡octing ¿7I3 Or
lO3,atIorwhich ¿7 t4 wOu¦O
givo him as¡aIia¦aOvanIagowhich
mightcOm¡onsaIotOrtholntoriOr
LishO¡ anO¡awnstrucIuro. Loing
twO¡OinIs OOwnin thomatch,
Lyrnomay a¦sO havoLoon¡rossing
aIitIIoharOorIhantho¡OsiIiOn
warrants LoItorwas ¿o LOb
(hOIOugu¡ ao) ¿7LL4 lo7 oIc
27 eX£5!
o¡asskysoos Ooo¡¦yintO Iho
¡OsitiOn lowi¦¦nOwhavothotwin
O¡uOnsOIshaItoringIhoLIack
¡awnstructurointho conIro Ly I4,
Diagram <
34
Or¡onotatingwiIhhis king viatho
whito squaros attort3anO g4
27 . . . gX£5 28 Kd3 Bf6 29 £3
laIuralIy ¿¬ o4¬ musILo
sIO¡¡oO.
29 . . . h5
L¦ackkoo¡shisLishO¡ OnIo
inOrOortOhOIOLackI4
30 aS Ke8
lOI 3U L·ao` 3l L·ao
tOlIOwoOLyLc7-Lb
31 a6 Kd7 32 g3 (Liagram¿)
oucot4ísnOtyot¡OssiLIoho
¡ro¡aros tho a¦Iornativo Lroakg4
lOtimmoOiaIo¦y 3¿h3` On
accOuntOI3¿ h4' cri¡¡¦ingtho
ma|OriIyloanwhJo LIack can OnIy
mOvo arOunO withhis klng
32 . . . Kc7 33 h3 Kd7 34 Ba5!
1hoIlrsI¡rOOatIhoLIack ¡awns
which ochOos IhrOughOuItho
onOing ÏIOOosnOI achiovo
anyIhing atthis ¡OinI, LuI\hitois
stiL¡rOLinginIho mOvos u¡ IO tho
aO¡OurnmonI1ho throaIis sim¡Iy
3o L·Lo,it34 L·ao
3oLo,quooning LyIOrco
34 . . . Kc8 35 Be 1 Kd7 36 Bf2
lOwIhinkingin torms Ota ¡Os·
siLIo t4.
36 . . . Ke8 37 Bg 1 Be7?
1hisistho Oocisivo misIako laIhor
than¡ormiIIingt4in this way L¦ack
wOu¦OOOLoIIortO cOnunuo
mOvingLackwarOs anO IOrwarOs
withhis king 1hon \hiIo wu
aOO¡tIhoaIIornatvo¡Ian Otg4
wiIhIhoIOIIOwingvariaIiOns
l - 37 lO7 3bg4 t ·g4
3¬ I ·g4 h·g4 4Uh·g4 lo7
4l lo4 lI7 4¿lto LOb
43LI¿ Lo7 44 Lol LOb
4oLO¿ Lo7 (Or4o . LIo
4ogo Lg7 47lo4' lgo 4b Lao' )
4ogo LOb 47 go¬ lg7
4bloo l·go 4¬l·Oo lto (Or
4¬ o4 oUloo o3 oÌ LcÌ Lto¬
o¿lo4 o¿ o3 LO¿ Lh4 o4co
anO wins) oUlO7 anOnOw.
(a) oU Lh4 oÌ co' o4
oZc·Lo o3 o3LcÌ anO wins
(L) oU o4 ol l·Ob o3
o¿Lc Ì lo4 o3Oo O3 o4O7 OZ
ooL·O¿ o·O¿ oolc7 OÌ /¸
o7 Ob/¸ anO wins
Z - 37 lt7' 3bg4 t ·g4
3¬t ·g4 h·g4 4Uh·g4 lgo
4Ì lo4 LOb anO\hitocan mako
nO ¡rOgross. Lvonu \hiIo
manOouvroshis LishO¡ IO O¿tirst
in this ¦ínotO ¡rovont lgo aI
sOmo stago,Iho LIack LishO¡ wílI
¡usIOsciIÌaIo LoIwoon ObanO c7 (IO
koo¡ an oyo OnLo)anOnOIhmg
canLoOOno.
38 £4 eX£4
Pt|orwhicha¡awnislOsI,LuIU
insIoaO 3b . . Lto 3¬t ·oo O·oo
(3¬ L·oo 4UL·O4 L·g3
4Ì L·Lo) 4Uco o4¬ 4Ì lc4 O3
4¿ Lo3 (4¿ c·Lo O¿
43L·a7 OÌ /¸ 44ab/¸¬ aIsO
wins) LOb 43lc3' anO LIack
musI IOso Ontho quoons siOo.
39 gX£4 Kd7 40 BXd4
(Liagram 3)
loroIho tinmstagoLogíns
o¡asskyistacoOwíIhIho¡rOLIom
OtovaIuaIinghis oxIra¡awnin
s¡iIo OtIho cri¡¡¦oO ma|OriIy, anO
thowayho a¡¡rOachos this, Ly
IakingaOvanIagoOtalÌIhol:IIIo
IacIícaIOoIailsinIho¡OsiIiOn,ís
voryinsIructvo
40 . . . Kc7 41 Bc3 Kd7
42 Bb4 Kc7 43 Ke3 B£6 44 K£3
\hiIoisnOwIrying IOtOrco h4
whichwiLincroasoLIacks
OotonsivoLurOonLycroa0ng
anOIhorIargoIOnaLlack squaro
LIackmusILovorycarotuI, tOr
oxam¡Ioit44 . lO7 4oco' O·co
3o
4o L·co anO\hiIohasaIroaOy
sOIvoOhis ma|Or¡rOLIom,IhaIOt
croaLnga ¡assoO ¡awn ÌtinsIoaO
44 Lo7 4oLc3,Iry¡ngtOr
Lg7-ho-goanOIhon lg3-h4,
IhoroLytOrcing h4 aIsOmo
¡OinI,Orit44 Lg7 4olg3 Lto
4oLa3' ,tOrcingIhoLIackLishO¡
tOmOvoOttIholOngOiagOnaIanO
IhorotOrotrans¡OsinginIO Iho
¡roviOus linoÏnviow OtalIIhis
LIack OociOos ho may as wolI¡Iay
h4,whichwi¦IsOOnorOrlaIorLo
tOrcoOanyway.
44 . . . h4 45 Ke3 Bg7
46 Kd3 B£6 47 Bd2
Pt|or47 Lc3 L·c3' 4bl·c3
\hiIohasnO hO¡oOtwinning.
47 . . . Kd7 48 Be3 Kc7
49 Bf2 Kc8
PLOwingaLrLIíanItinish,LuIovon
Iho mOsIsIuLLOrnOotoncolOsos, in
asimiIarwayIOIhogamo.
4¬ Lo7 oULO4 LOb
o Ì Lg7 Lo7 o¿Lho LOb
o3 Lgo lO7 o4lO4 lc7
oo co' ' O·co¬ (Oroo L·co¬
oolo3 L·go o7t ·go anO wins)
oo loo L·go o7t ·go c4
obgo anOwins.
Diagram 3
50 c5! ! (Liagram 4) dXcS
ÏloU L·co o l Lol ' (nOI
o l lc4 lc7 o¿LoÌ lLo) anO
nOw
(a) o l lc7 o¿Lao¬ lcb
o3lc4 lOl¦OwoOLyLoanOtho
king ¡onoIratos OocisivoIy IO co
(L) o Ì 1Ob o¿Lc3 lLb
(o¿ LLo o3 Llo) o3Lg7 lcb
o4 Lho lLb (o4 . lO7
oo Lgo L·go ool ·go lc7 -
OIhorwisoLo - o7 go anO wins)
oo Lgo anOLIackmusÍsurronOor
Iho h·¡awn, ¦Osing ra¡iOIy
51 d6!
lOI oÌ lc4` Lo7 \hitonOw
OomOnsIraIosIhoOIhormain¡OinI
OIhis sacrilico - ho ¡Ians tO march
hiskingthrOughIho whiIo squaros
intho contro
51 . . . Kd7
locannOIsim¡IyalIOwlc4-Oo-co
(Oroo),LuIalIorIhismOvothoochO
roIurns
52 B Xc5! BdB 53 Bb4
Diagram ÷
¯horostis oasyLocausoLIacks
whOIo¡OsiLOnisIaiOO¡onanOhis
woak¡Ointsox¡OsoO
53 . . . KeG 54 Kc4 Bf6
55 Bc5 BdB 56 Bd4! KXd6
¯hoOnIymOvoIOsIO¡Ihoonomy
kinggotIingtO Oo'
57 Be5+ KeG 58 BbB Kd7
59 Kd5 1-0.
GAME 10 \hiIo lOIugaovsky LIackLaIashOv
lool´ham¡iOnshi¡, Ì ¬77 Lng¦ishL¡oning
1 c4 e5 2 Nc3 Nc6 3 Nf3 f5
4 d4 e4 5 Ng5 Nf6 6 e3 Bb4
7 Bd2 Qe7 8 Nh3 NdB
9 a3 BXc3 10 BXc3 d6
1 1 Nf4 0-0 12 Be2 c6
13 d5 c5 14 h4 Nf7 15 b4 b6
16 g3 Ne5 17 bXcS bXcS
18 Rb1 Nfg4 19 Kfl Rf7
20 Kg2 QeB 21 Qc2 Re7
22 Rb2 BaG 23 Ba5 RbB
24 RXbB QXbB 25 Rb1 Rb7
26 RXb7 QXb7 27 Ne6 Nf6
28 Bc3 Ned7 29 NdB Qc7
30 Nc6 Nb6 31 BXf6 gXf6
32 a4 NcB 33 Qb2 Kg7
3o
34 aS Ne7 35 NXe7 QXe7
36 QbB Qd7 37 Kg 1 Qe7
38 Bf l Qd7 39 Kh2 Qe7
40 Kg1 Qd7 41 QaB Qc7
42 QeB BcB 43 Bh3 Qd7
44 Qh5 Qf7 45 Qd 1 Qb7
46 Kg2 (Liagram Ì ) a6(?)
\hiIo stanOssOmowhatLotor,
chioIlyOnaccOunIOIhis O¡¡O·
nonIs¡awnwoaknossosanOIho
chancoOl¡onoIraLngwidhis
quoon,anOíImayLoIOrIhis
socOnO roasOn thatLIack ¡¦ays
ao, soa¦ingu¡ Iho ¸·siOoaslar
as ¡OssiLIo anO ¡rovonIing aIator
aoLy\hiIo LnIOrIunaIoIyIOrIhis
¡¦an LIack sOOn ¡rOcooOs IO OItor
aquoonoxchango, IhOughwhoIhor
howas cOm¡olIoO IO OOsO is
arguaLIo (soonoxInOIo)anOinIho
LíshO¡onOinganoxIra¡awnIíxoO
OnawhiIo squaroís avory soriOus
maIIor 4o . lgo isaLoIIormOvo,
sIO¡¡mg \híIosnoxI, anOiI
47 ¸a4, lI7 koo¡sIho quoonOuI
47 QhS Q£7
¯ho alIornatvois47 . ¸O7,
answoroOLy 4blh¿,whonIho
tOIIOwingvaríaIiOns ariso
(a) 4b ho 4¬ lg¿ lh7
oUt3 o·I3 ¬ oÌ ¸·I3
(oÌ l·I3 lg7 o¿ lI4 ¸a4
o3L·Io ¸·c4¬ o4Lo4 ¸I ̬
oo ¸I3 ¸oÌ isIossaIIracLvo) lg7
( oÌ lgoiswOrsoLocausoOI
o¿¸I4 ¸a4 o3 L·Io ¬' L·Io
o4ho¬ wiIh aIom¡Ogain) o¿¸I4
(o¿ o4` I·o4) ¸a4 (OIhorwiso
o3 o4) o3 L·to L·Io
o4¸·Io ¸·c4 ooho wiIh
wínningchancos, LuInOI
oo ¸O7¬ lgo ooho¬ lgo,nOr
oo¸O7 ¬ lgo oo ¸·Oo ¸o¿¬
wiIh¡or¡oIua¦chock
(L) 4b lgb (Or 4b lhb,
LuInOI 4b . . lIb 4¬¸ho¬)
4¬¸ho ¸Ob oU¸I4 anOnOw
,l ) oU . ¸O7 oÌ ho whon\híIo
koo¡s anaOvanIago,LuIawínnmg
LroakIhrOughísnOIovíOonI,
(¿) oU ¸·ao o l L·to L·lo
o¿¸·to ¸Ob' (iI o¿ . ¸c3 Or
o¿ . . ¸aÌ o3 ¸cb¬, whiIoaIIor
o¿ ¸a¿ Oro¿ . ¸Lo o3 ¸·Io
tOlIOwoOLyIho aOvancoOIIho
g· anOh·¡awnscroaIosmaLng
throaIs) o3 ¸·o4, wiIhsOmo
winningchancos,IhOughiIisnOI
quiIocIoarhOwmuchOtaIhroaI
LIacks a·¡awnro¡rosonIs
LnIhowhOIoiIsoomsIhaIL¦ack
37
Diagram Ì
shOuIOhavochOsonIhis,síncoIho
LishO¡onOing whíchnOwarisos
a¡¡oars IOLoacorIain, iIOiIIicu¦I,
winIOr\hiIowiL LosI ¡Iay
48 QX£7+ KX£7 49 £3 eX£3+
SO KX£3
LIackwastOrcoOIOoxchango
¡awnsLuInOwhis woaknossís
ox¡OsoOanO\hiIohasaniOoaI
¡OsIaIt4 Ïn aOOitOnIho¡awnaI
aoisOLviOusIygOíngIOcOmo
unOorIiroovontualIy. lOwovor,
\hiIohashisOwnwoaknoss aIc4,
whichhohasIOIOOkaIIorrighIIO
IhoonOOtIhogamo, anOiIisIhís
¡rOLIomwhich aOOs inIorosIIO Iho
onOing, IOgoIhor wiIhIho IacIIhaI
hohas IO avOiO corIain LIOckoO
¡OsítOns 1hoso¡OsitOnsaro
rathorIy¡icalOILishO¡onOíngs
anOaríso as arosuIIOIwínning
maIoríaIIOO oarIy
50 . . . h5
PgainIhís¦OOkswrOngOn
¡rínci¡Io,¡uILnganOIhor¡awnOn
a whiIo squaro,LuIL¦ackíssoIIing
aIra¡ anOin any caso sOmoIhíng
hasIO LoOOnoaLOuIIhoIhroaIOt
o l lI4 lgo o¿o4 1ho cOunIor·
aIIackoU LO7 oÌ lI4 La4
oZ L·Io LL3 (oZ ho` o3 Lcb)
o3L·h7 L·c4 o4Lo4 is harOIy
vory aIIractvo, LuIil \hiIonOw
Irios ol ll4 lgo oZ o4, Ihon
oZ LO7 o3 L·to ¬ L·lo
o4 o·lo ¬ lg7 oo g4 h·g4
ool·g4 ¦oavos aOrawn¡OsiLOn
ÌOtcoIOOIhat\hiIo,having
¡IayoO oZo4, haslitIochOicoLuI
IOca¡turoOn Iho lOIIOwing mOvo,
o3 o·Io¬ wOuIOIoavotho gamo
oqua¦Iy L¦OckoO, akingmOvo
wOuIO¦OsoIO a¡awnchock,whJo
o3 LgZwOu¦OaIIOw L¦ackIO¦iqui·
OaIohiswoak¡awnscOt·lroo
ÏnviowOlthis\hiIoLogins
sOmosuLtIoLishO¡manOouvring,
raIhorrommisconIOlonOgamo
sIuOiosanO LasoO OnIhoroIatvo
immOLiliIyOlIhoonomy ¡ioco.
51 K£4 Kg6 52 Bf l !
1hoLoginning OlanoaIO¡oraLOn
whichlOrcosIhowin Ola¡awnLy
Zugzwang.1hoimmoOiatoaimisIO
roacha4 anOmoanwhiIoLIackcan
OnIyOsciLatohis LishO¡
52 . . . Bd7 53 Bd3 Bc8
54 Bbl Bd7 55 Bc2 Bc8
56 Ba4! (LiagramZ)
lohasrocOgnisoOhoashismmn
targoI,whichcannOwLoassaiIoO
lrOmLOth Ol anO ob ÏnviowOlIho
IhroatOl o7 Lob¬ lho
obLI7 LO7 o¬Loo oIcLIackhas
OnIyOnomOvo
56 . . . K£7
whorou¡On o7LOÌ lgo
achiovosnOIhing, sO\hiIois
cOm¡oIIoOIOIOsoa mOvoLy
moansOlIholOIIOwingking
manOouvro, OosignoOtO ¡rOOuco
Zugzwang
57 K£3!
LIOcksthoOiagOnaIOÌ -ho, LutnOt
lOrIOng
57 . . . Ke7 58 K£2
3b
lOrcingLIackIOsurronOor a¡awn,
Locauso ob lt7 isansworoOLy
o¬ loÌ ' anOho musI¡ormitoithor
oU LOl Or oU Lob, Oril o¬ LL7
oULO7 lgo ol lIZ anOIhoking
roIurns IO l4 Ìaturally ob LO7
sim¡IyIOsosIhoI·¡awn alIorIho
oxchangoOlLishO¡s,wiIhIho
whiIokingOccu¡yinglomsIoaOOl
awhito ¡awn lacoO wiIh Ihis,
LIack¡rolorsIO ¡ oItisOnIho ¡awn
aIOnco,thoroLylrooinghisLishO¡
58 . . . £4 59 g X£4
Lottorthan o¬o·I4,Locausotho
chancoOla¡awnLroakLyoo
romains avaiIaLIo¯hoossonLa¦
IhinginIhisIy¡oOlLishO¡onOing
ìsIO LoaLIoIO O¡onu¡Iho
¡OsitOnanOavOiO IhokinOOl
LIOckaOoOrlOrtoss ¡OsiLOn
montìOnoOin IhonOIoIO LIacks
oUIh mOvolOwovor,LIacksnoxI
mOvo,in aOOitiOnIO cOvoringhis
Own h·¡awn,highlights thoOno
OolocI inhisO¡¡OnonIs gamo,Iho
vu¦noraL¦o c·¡awn,anO OomOn·
sIraIosthatIho lightisLynOmoans
Ovor.
59 . . . B£5
oOIhaI, il oUlI3 Lg4¬
Diagram <
oÌ ll¿ Llo oIc , |usI ro¡oaLng,Or
il oULco LO3 wlnninga¡awn.
lOwovor,IhisIasIiOoa,IyingOOwn
OnoOlthohOsho¡iocosIOIho
OotoncoOtIhoa·¡awn,iswhaI
\hiIowOuIOroalIylikoanOisan
im¡OrtanI¡arI Olhis winnlng ¡Ian
lirsIhosIO¡s LO3
60 Ke2 Kd8
lslngIhokingIOcOvorIhoIhroaI
Ol Lco-L7 oU LcbwOuIOLolar
tOO ¡assivo anO wOuIO asO
onOangorthoh·¡awn
61 Kd2 Bg6 62 BeG
\hiIois¡rOLingaIiILo locannOt
¡¦ay o¿ Lc¿ Locausoo¿ L·c¿
o 3 l·c¿ to o4lO3 lo7
oo o4 l ·o4¬ ool·o4 lto
o7 lo ll7 Ioavos anOIhorOrawn
onOing LIacksim¡lyhOvors
arOunOlowiIh his king,LuIOnIy
¡Iays llo alIorll4, anO \hiIo
can makonO¡rOgross.
ÏtLIacknOwrolusosIOOO
anyIhmg OohnitoIho¡IanmusILo
IOwiIhOrawIhoLishO¡IOL3,
antci¡aIing . LO3, thonIO¡¦ay
lo¿-l3 anO o4, o g o¿ lc7
o3lo¿ lcb o4La4 lOb
ooLL3 lo7 ooll3 LO3
Diagram 3

o7 o4 lO7 (Oro7 . lo
ob o·lo L·lo o¬lo3 anO
LOÌ -o¿-O3) oblo3 LtÌ
o¬LOÌ L·c4 7UL·ho lo7
7 Ì Lo¿ L·o¿ 7¿l·o¿ lt7
73ho lg7 74oo anOwins 1horo
aroOIhorsimilarvariaIíOnshoro,
LuIIhoIwO wiOoIyso¡araIoO
¡awnswiLaIwayswin
lOIIikingIhis, LIackrosO¦vosIO
sIO¡Ihoonomy¡awnrOLorin iIs
Iracks, whaIovorIhothoOroIicaI
OL¡ocIiOnsmayLoIO ¡Iacing
anOthor¡awnOn awhiIosquaro
62 . . . Kc7 63 Ke2 £5! ?
(Liagram3) 64 e4
lavingOrawnIhoO¡¡Osingking
aslarawayas¡OssiLIo,\hiIo
stikosharOaIIhoOIhorwing,LuI
hohassOmoIhingin mmOOIhor
Ihanasim¡IooxchangoOt¡awns
aI o4 LIackmusIIako LocausoOl
IhoIhroat OlooanO oo, which
wOuIOwinin s¡iIo OlIho cIOsoO
naturoOltho¡OsitiOn, OnaccOunI
OlIho¡orsisIontIhroaI Ot LL7.
64 . . . £Xe4 65 Ke3 Kc8
66 Ba4 Kd8 67 Bdl !
`oIagain o7Lc¿ lo7
ob L·o4 L·o4 o¬l·o4 llo
7Ulo ll7 oIc wiünOIOO, LIacks
kinghasarrivoOintimoIOOoaIwiIh
IhaI, LuI hois tOOIaIoIOcOntOIIho
siIuaIiOnluIÌy
67 . . . Ke7 68 £5!
¯hisistho ¡Oint, ho musIaI¦Ow
\hitoanOuIsiOo ¡assoO ¡awn,
Locausoob Lob o¬l·o4 lto
7Ull4 wOuIOLoquitohO¡oIoss -
LIackwOuIOhavoIOsurronOorhis
h·¡awn, ¡ormiI La4-co-L7,OrIoI
IhowhiIo kinginIO go.
68 . . . B X£5 69 B Xh5 K£6
70 K£4 Bh3
1ho woaknoss Olthoc·¡awn
¡orsists anO\hitohastOtakocaro
OtiItOralowmOvosLolOro
IaunchinghishnaI aItack 7U o3
7 l l·o3 loo wOuIOLosimiIarIO
Iho gamo
71 Be2 B£5
Pl¦¡msyOolonco,LuI alIor
7 l 1g¿ 7¿ lg3 Iho LishO¡s aro
oxchangoOanOL¦acksIL¦Osos his
¡awn
72 Bg4! (Liagram4)
lOrcing LIackshanO,sinco
7¿ 1go wOuIO ¡ormiL 73Lcb.
72 . . . e3 73 Be2 Bd7
74 KXe3 K£5
ÌLmakosnO Oilloroncowhothor ho
gOoshoro OrIOoo, as Iho king has
tOroIroaI anywayatIorLhonoxI
mOvo,sooLholOLOwingnOIo
75 Bh5 K£6
1ho woaknoss Olhis a·¡awn
cOm¡o¦s himLO givo way OnIho
OIhor siOo Ït7o Lcb 7o Lt7
anO Loo(¬), whaIovor LIack OOos,
atIortholurIhor 7o. LL7
77Loo¬ loo 7bho llo 7¬ll4
oLc, LIackis virIuaLy a¡iocoOOwn
ll7o 1a4 7o Ll7 IhonLoo-cb,
¦oavìngIhoking IOOolonOIho
c·¡awn.
76 K£4 B£5 77 Be2 Bc2
Ïl77 . LO7 7b LO3 anOhocan
nOIOngor¡rovonLtho¡awnlrOm
roachingIho sovonIh, unIoss ho
yioIOs mOrotorritOrywithhis king
(il7b Lob 7¬Llo-cb) ÌOw,
hOwovor, \hiIostiLhastO Lo
caroluIaLOuIhis c·¡awn
78 Ke3
¯homOstaccuraIowayis 7bho' ,
asshOwni nnOLo(c)IO\hiIos bUIh
mOvo lo maynOL yoIhavosoon
Ihiswmning manOouvro,Or homay
stiLLo¡rOLmg, hO¡inglOr an
4U
Diagram ÷
oasiorsOIutOn, anO ho OOosinlacI
succooOinIhis
78 . . . B£5 79 Bd3 Bg4 80 Bc2
ÌOI bUlt4 LOÌ anOhocan mako
nO¡rOgross,LuInOwil
(a) bU LO7 bl lt4 anO b¿ho,
(L) bU loo bÌ Lgo (¡¦anning
Ll7-oo) llo b¿Lob Lcb b3ll4
oIc , (c) bU Lho (LhomOsI
sLuLLOrn) bl LO3 Lg4 (Or
bl loo b¿ Lo¿ Lob b3Lg4)
b¿Lo¿ Lto b3ll4 Lc¿
b4ho' LLl (Orb4 lg7
bolgo LLl boho ¬ lh7
b7llo) boho Lc¿ (Or bo lgo
bolo3' l·ho b7 Lg4 anO
bbLcb winning aI Onco, Orhoro
bo lgo b7 Ltl anO bb Lh3,
ovonalIor b7 Llo) bolo3 lgo'
b7Ll l ' anOwins Ly Lh3-cb
1homOvochOsonaLOws
asim¡Iorwin, usingIhoh·¡awn as
asIraighItOrwarO OocOy
80 . . . Bh3 81 Bh7 Bfl
82 Bd3 Bh3 83 K£4 Bd7
84 h5 Ba4 85 h6 Bb3
86 h7 Kg7 87 K£5 1-0.
GAME 1 1 \hiIo. lOrt Llack LorIOk
ZagroL, l ¬o¬
LnOingswiIh ¡awnsOnthosamosiOoshOuIOnOrmalIyLoOrawn,os¡ociaIIy
wiIhLishO¡sOr rOOks On IhoLOarO(wiIh quoons anO kn¡ghIs cOm¡IicatOns
arisowhichtonOIO incroasoIhowmning chancos,intho casoOIknighIs
Locauso OtIho OotonOing knighIsinaLilityIOmako awaiLngmOvowhiIo
cOnLnuingtO OoIonO sOmocruciaI¡OinI,whichmaythusloaOIO Zugzwang,
anOintho casoOtquoonsLocausomatngIhroatsmay ariso),IhOughwith
tOur¡awnsagainsIIhrooIhoOoIonOors¡rOLlomsaroincroasoO
ÏnIho¡OsitiOngivon (Liagram Ì)IhoIixingOIhis¡awnsOnwhiIo
squaros wiIIOLviOuslynOthoI¡ tho woakor siOo, LutIho Oraw shOulO stII
Lo¡OssiLlowiIh accurato ¡Iay 1ho hiOOon IacIOr OtIho wrOng rOOk ¡awn
may aIsO LoOt assistancoIOhim
1 . . . K£6 2 K£2 Bb5 3 e4 Be8
1O IrooIhoking.
4 Ke3 Ke5 5 Bb3 £6 6 Ba2 £5?
1hisisaImOsIcorIamIyIhoOocisivo
misIako.PnOIhor¡awnis IixoOOn
a whiIo squaro, anO\hiIois
allOwoOan im¡OrIanIgainOIs¡aco
anO a¡rOIocIoO¡assoO¡awn
PIIoro lOoiIisOiIIicuIIIO soo
hOw\hiIocan achiovo anyIhing
cOncroIo locanIry any OnoOI
throoLasiciOoas as tOlIOws
( I ) ´ainíngs¡acoOnIho¸·siOo
7 lO4 lo7 (7 . La4` b Lt7)
Diagram !
4l
blco La4 ¬ g4 (¬I4 LO7 IoaOs
intO (3), LolOw) h·g4
Ì U I ·g4 LOl Ì Ì go I ·go¬
Ì ¿h·go Lg4 Ì 3oo LO7
Ì 4LLÌ Lob wiIhaOraw ÏnIhis
Iino bg4 h·g4 ¬I ·g4 LO7
loaOsIOIho samothing
(¿) lonoIratngIOgowiIhIho
king 7 lt4 lo7 bg4 h·g4
(Ioaving\hiIotO oxchango wOuIO
¡ormiIasoriOus woaknoss atho)
¬ I ·g4 lIb l Ugo I·go¬
Ì l l·go lg7 anO LIackcan
sacriIicohis LishO¡IOr Iho o·¡awn
(3) ´roatnga¡assoO o·¡awn
OirocIIy 7 lO4 lo7 bI4 LO7
¬ oo Lob' (nOI ¬ t·oo¬
l U t ·oo IOlIOwoOLy lo3-I4-go-
ho-g7(' ) - \hito mustLoloIItO
oxchango) l 0 LOo LO7
Ì l LI3 Lob Ì ¿Lo¿ LO7 anO
\hiIoismakingnO ¡rOgross1ho
OirocIaItom¡ttOcroaIoa¡assoO
¡awnraroIywOrksinsuchcasos
LocausoiIcanLoLIOckaOoO1ho
ty¡oOILinOwhich\hiIoosIaL·
IishosaIIorIhoIoxI mOvoismuch
mOrocOnOucivotO awinning
¡rOcoss
7 £4+ K£6 8 e5+ Ke7
Diagram <
ÌOw LIacks whOIo¡OsiIiOnis LOIh
rigiOanO¡assivo, aIways aIaIa¦
cOmLmatiOn, anOhohas nOI
ashroOOIcOunIor¡lay
9 Kd4 Ba4 10 Kc5 Be8
1 1 Kb6 Ba4
ÏIhoIrios IOcOvorc7 Ly ! ! lOb
hois sIaLLoOinIho LackOnIho
l·siOo - Ì ¿Lgb lO7
l 3 oo¬ lo7 ( Ì 3 lOb Ì 4Lt7
trans¡OsosintOtho ¡awnonOing
shOwninIho noxI nOIo)
l 4lc7 lIb Ì o lOb otc
12 Kc7 Bb5 13 Bb3 1-0.
(Liagram¿)
ÌIsoomsmOstl:ko¦y thaItho gamo
was aO¡OurnoOhoro anOthaI
anaÍysis cOnvincoOLlackOIIho
hO¡o¦ossnoss OIhis ¡OsiIiOn ¯his
anaIysisis in IactthomOsI
intorostng¡arIOIthoonOinganO
LasicauyinvOIvos a¡awnonOingin
which\hito isaLIoIO oIIocI acOm·
4¿
¡Ioto turning mOvomont
(a) l 3 Lob (iILIack OOos
nOthingthorois Lgb,oo anO LI7)
Ì 4Lgb La4 (Or l 4 lIb
l o lOb La4 Ì oLh7 wiIhsimilar
¡¦ay) Ì o oo Lob Ì oLI7' L·t7
Ì 7 o·t7 l·I7 l blO7 lIo
Ì ¬ lob lg7 ¿U lo7 lgb
¿ l lIo lh7 ¿¿ lI7 lho ¿3 lgb
anOwins
(L) l 3 Lo¿ l 4Lgb lIb
Ì o Lh7 lg7 Ì ooo anOnOw
(l) Ì o l·h7 l 7 o7 LLo
Ì blOb lg7 l ¬ob/¸ L·ob
¿Ul·ob lgb ¿Ì lo7 lg7
¿¿ loo ¡rOOucing Iho samo
winning ¡awnonOing
(¿) Ì o lIo Ì 7lOo LLo
Ì bo7 lt7 (OIhorwiso ̬ Lgb,OriI
l b lg7 l ¬ lc7-Ob oIc )
l ¬ lc7 l·o7 ¿U L·go anOwins
asocOnO¡awn, aIIorwhichtho win
is aIiIt¦o invOIvoO Locauso\hito
musI nOIoxchango¡awnsLy g4 at
any¡Oint ÏIho OiO, howOuIOIoavo
a¡OsiIiOnwhoro L¦acknooOOnIy
sacriIicohis LishO¡ IOrIho I·¡awn
tO Oraw 1howinningmoIhOO
wOulOLosOmoIhinglikothis
¿U Lo¿ (¦otingthoh·¡awngO
wOu¦OLoovonwOrso)
¿ Ì L·Io LI3 ¿¿ Lgo lIo
¿3 to lo7 ¿4lLo LOl (Or
¿4 . 1Oo ¿oIo-I7 IOuOwoOLy
IhoroIurn OIthoking)
¿o lco Lo¿ ¿o lOo lIo
¿7 lOo LOl ¿b lO7 La4¬
¿¬ lOb LOÌ 3Ulob anOL¦ack
cannOI¡rovonItho¡onotaIiOnOI
IhokingtOho
GAME 12 \hito lOrchnOi L¦ack.lar¡Ov
LaguiO, Ì ¬7b
LnoOIIhomany LOOkswriIIonOnIho\OrIO´ham¡iOnshI¡ maIchOI Ì ¬7b
suggosIsIhaIlOrchnOimissoOawininIhoIilIhgamoLynOIIakIngaOvan·
IagoOIasIuOy¡OsiIiOnLylOrwiIzanOlImg,LuIOnroIIocLOnIhissooms
nOtIOLoIho caso
PItoroÌ mOvosanOwiIhlOrchnOihaving|usImissoOasim¡Iowin,Ihoy
roachoOIho ¡OsiIiOn shOwn in Liagram l
1ho aOvonturosLoginwith
62 K£4!, roIyingOnÎho IacIIhat
o¿ . í·Oo ¡ormiIs
o3h·go íob (Oro3 ícb
o4g7 ío7 ooOo' otc)
o4Oo lO4 ooOo íIo oolIo,
winning.1horoIOro LIackhasIO
sacriIicohisknighI.
62 . . . Nh4 63 Kg4 g XhS +
64 KXh4 KXd4
íOw,sinco\hiIocannOIavOiOIho
oxchangoOrIOssOIhis L·¡awn, wo
onIorIho sIrango wOrIOOILishO¡
¬ wrOngll,whichhasLoonIho
suL|ocIOIsovoraIonOgamosIuOios
65 Bb8
LIhorwisooo. aoanyway, anO
hisL·¡awngOos
65 . . . aS 66 Bd6 Kc4
Diagram Ì
43
67 KXh5 a4 68 KXh6 Kb3
lOrcing \hiIonOw IO sacriIico Iho
L·¡awn,in OrOorIO savo aIIoasI
Ono ¡awn, LuInOIob Lo,
hO¡ingIO¡icku¡ LOIh¡awns,On
accOunIOI o¬lgo lL3
7UlIo l·a3 7 Ì loo lL3
7¿ lOo a3 73lco anO wins
69 b5
íOw o¬lgo l·a3 7UlIo lL3
7 l lo4 oIc. is tOO slOw.
69 . . . Kc4 70 Kg5 KXb5
(Liagram¿)
PsiswoI¦knOwn, withOuIanyLIack
¡awns Ihogamois OoaO Otawn,
Onco IhoLIack kingroachosab
lOwovor,Iho ¡rosoncoOIIhoso
¡awnsaIIorsIhings cOnsiOoraLIy
anOIho¡rinci¡IosgOvorningIhis
Diagram 2
kmOOl¡OsiLOnaroIhon
(l) 1hoL¦ackkingcannOIhiOo
aIabhoro, LocausoIhowhitoking
anOLishO¡ can sIaIomaIohim anO
lOrcohimIO mOvohis L·¡awn, alIor
. L4 a·L4 \hiIowmsoasily
with a L·¡awn \iIhOuthisL·¡awn,
OrwiIhOuIhis a·¡awn, LIack cOuIO
Oraw cOmlOrIaLIy Lyrunning
lOrab.
(¿) 1hoLIackkingwÙIhorolOro
shOrIIy LoOrivonrighI awaylrOm
tho aroaOlIho ¡awns, smcoking
anOLíshO¡can oxorIcOnsiOoraL¦o
lOrcoagainsIaIOno king(¡orha¡s
sur¡risingIy, ilyOuhavonovor
IrìoOiI|).
(3) \hontho LIackkingis lar
away, IhowhiIo kingwílIraco Lack,
IryIOcOlIocIIhoLIack¡awnsanO
sLlILoinIimoIOcuIhisrivaIOll
trOmthocOrnor.1hoLasísOlIho
lIing anOlOrwitz sIuOy
(Liagram3) ís hOwthoOolonOor
canLo¡ushoOlar onOugh away Ïn
IhissIuOyhohas nOL·¡awn,LuI
hasaIroaOyLoonOrivoninIO Iho
wíIOornoss anO cannOt got Lack IO
ab, anOIhor sIuOy Lylauzor
(Liagram4) Oolinos Iho aroaOlIho
Diagram 3
44
´ ´
´
Diagram ÷
LOarO inwhichthoLIackkingmusI
Lo, ilawinisIO LotOrcoO, OncoIho
¡awns ato tíxoO aI a3 anO a4
\o roIurn nOwIO lOrchnOi anO
lar¡Ov.
71 Kf5 KaG
lOralow mOvosho cansIaycIOso
IOIho cOrnor
72 KeG Ka7 73 Kd7 Kb7
74 Be7 Ka7 75 Kc7 Ka8
7G BdG Ka7 77 Kc8 KaG
¯honoxttow mOvosshOw whaI
a cOnlOunOoO nuísancoIho L·¡awn
isIO LIack, aswoIlasìLusIraImg
whaIIhoking anOLishO¡ can
achiovo LoIwoon Ihom, it77 lab`
7bLLb Lo 7¬lc7 L4
bUa·L4 a3 bl lcb a¿ b¿Loo
wins,Ihushois OrivonOuI
78 Kb8 b5
ooILngaIra¡, itnOw 7¬lc7 L4'
bUa·L4 lLo anOIhoLishO¡has
IO aLanOOnhis¡awnwíthnIwO
mOvos,Oril bUL·L4 la7 anO
Oraws
79 Bb4 KbG 80 Kc8 KeG
lOw homusIrun, OrLocaughtín
tho cOrnor again, o g bU lao
bÌ lc7 la7 b¿Lco¬ lao
(b¿ lab b3lcb,asLolOro)
b3lco (b3 LLo` L4' anO . lLo,
asaLOvo) lao b4 Lo3 L4
(b4 . lao boLLo anOmaIosin
IwO) boLLo¬ lao bo a·L4 a3
b7LoF ÏIhorobU la7
bÌ lc7 lao bZlco la7
b3Lco¬ lLb b4LLo roachos
Iho samosIaIomaIo ¡OsítOn
81 Kd8 Kd5
PgainIOrcoO, anOwo aronOw
hoaOíngIOwarOsIhosIuOy¡OsíIiOn,
OrsOmoIhingrosomLIíngíI
lomomLorIhaIIho sIaIomaIoIra¡
cOu¦OsLIlO¡oraIoOnIho oOgoOI
IhoLOarO,whichhoI¡s\híIo
1horoísyoIanOIhorsIuOy(Ly
1oichmann, Ì b¬¬)which shOws
IhaIIho OotonOíngking canaIways
LoOrivon IO Iho roquiroO aroa OI
IhoLOarO(arOunOt3),¡rOviOoO
IhaIho cannOIro¦yOnsIa¦omaIo IO
savohim,in1oichmannssIuOyIho
¡awns aro aIaZ anO a4,wiIhnO
L·¡awn, Ioaving LIack aIroomOvo,
anOOnowhichIOsosIho¡awnaI
Onco IO IhoLishO¡
82 Ke7 Ke5 83 K£7 Kd5 (íI
b3 . 1Io b4Lc3) 84 KfG Kd4
85 KeG Ke4 8G B£8 Kd4
87 KdG Ke4
Diagram b
4o
ÏIissaIosIIOsIayOnIho l·siOo, iI
LIack is OrivonIOO IarinIO Iho OIhor
cOrnor (oOuIh·\osI), howiIÌLo
unaLIoIO goILackinIimo,aIIorhis
¡awns aroca¡IuroO
88 Bg7 K4 89 KeG K£3
b¬ lo4 ¬ULoo lI3 ¬Ì lIo
hoI¡s\híIos¦ighI¦y
90 Ke5 Kg4 91 BfG K5
92 K£5 KG 93 Bd4 K7
¬3 lho ¬4Lg7 lh
¬o LIo¬ lg3 (¬o . lho`
¬oLgo) ¬o Lgo ¦oaOsinIOIho
gamo
94 KfG KG
ÏI¬4 . lhb` ¬olI7¬ anO
¬o Lg7, OriI¬4 . lgb`
¬oLco lh7 ¬oLtb lgb ¬7Lg7,
OriIinIhis¦ino¬o lhb ¬oLIb
oIc ,Ihokingís sIaIomaIoOinovory
caso
95 Be3 + K5 9G K£5 K4
97 Bd2 Kg3 98 Bg5 K3 99 B£4
PrrívingaIIholIing &lOrwiIz
¡OsiIiOn, wíIhIho aOOiIíOn OtIho
L·¡awn (Liagram o), IhoirOnyis
IhaI, aIIoraIIIhoIrOuLIoiIhas
causoOhim,iIisnOwIhoL·¡awn
whichsavosL¦ack'
99 . . . Kg2 100 BdG
ÏnsIoaOOIIhís iIwassuggosIoOLy
´lLlolÌy, ínhísLOOkOn Iho
\OrIO ´ham¡iOnshí¡ maIch, IhaI
ÌUU lg4, Iaking aOvanIagoOIIho
lmg &lOrwiIzsIuOy, wOu¦O ¦oaO
IO awin lírsI¦yíI ís shOwnIhaI
1 UUlo4 ismoItocIivo ÌUU lh3
l UÌ lO4 lg4 Ì UZLhZ (Iho
LishO¡ cannOILosacriIicoO) lIo
Ì U3 lco loo Ì U4 l·Lo lO7
anOLIackroachos L7 anO ad.
ÌUUlg4,Iho mOvogivoninIho
sOIuIíOnOIIho roa¦sIuOy ¡OsitOn, is
corIainIyIho LosI Iry, IhoiOoaísIO
IOrcoIhokingovonIurIhoraway,IO
Iho Lack rank, Ly Iom¡O ¡Iay, Or IO
lOrcohim acrOss IO|hounlavOur·
aLIo ¸·siOo 1hovaríatOns aro.
Ì UU ll¿ Ì UÌ Lc l lo¿ (Or
l UI . lg¿ Ì U¿ Lo3 lh¿
Ì U3 Ll4¬ lg¿ Ì U4 Lg3) Ì U¿ ll4,
anOnOw
(a) Ì U¿ . ll¿ lU3 Lo3¬ lg¿
l U4 lg4 lh¿ IUo Ll4¬ lg¿
Ì Uo Lg3 lgÌ l U7 ll3 lhÌ
( Ì U7 ll I ÌUb LI¿) ÌUbLLb' (IO
avOiOIom¡O ¦Oss, Ly nOI¡ormiItng
IhoLishO¡IOLoaIIackoO) lgÌ
l U¬ lo3 lg¿ Ì l U lO4 lt3
Ì Ì Ì lco lo4 Ì Ì ¿ l·Lo lOo
Ì l 3 Lh¿' lO4 l Ì 4 l·a4 anO
wins, sincoIho kíngwilIa¦waysLo
shuIOlllrOm ab
(L) Ì U¿ lOÌ Ì U3Lo3 lc¿
ÌU4loo lh3 lUo Lco lc4
lUo lOo lL3 (ínIhosIuOy,
wiIhOuIIho L·¡awn, l Uo lLo is
¡¦ayoO,whichcOuIO arisohoro al|or
Ì Uo . . L4 Ì U7 L·L4 lLo - soo
LoIOw) ÌU7 lco lc4
Ì Ub LOo lO4 Ì U¬ l·Lo lOo
Ì Ì U Lh¿ anOwíns,as ín (a)PlIor
Ì Uo L4 Ì U7 L·L4 lLo Iho
sOIuIíOn is ÌUblc7 lao (cl
Liagram4) Ì U¬ Lco lLo
Ì Ì ULo3 lao l Ì Ì lco lao
l l ¿ lL7 lLo Ì Ì 3 LLo lc4
Ì Ì 4 lco lL3 Ì l o Lco lc4
Ì Ì o Lo3 lL3 Ì Ì 7 LcÌ lc4
Ì l b LL¿' lL3 Ì Ì ¬ lLo anO wins
1hoIrOuLIowiIh aI¦Ihis is IhaI
LIack has Ì U¿ lO3 whichin Iho
sIuOy ¦Osos IO Ì U3 Lo3 lc4
l U4 loo lL3 (Or Ì U4 . lLo
Ì Uo lOo lao Ì Uo lco, as givon)
4o
Ì Uo Lco lc4 l Uo lOo, as shOwn
ínIho socOnO¡arIOl (L), LuIínIho
acIuaIgamowOuIO OrawLy
Ì U3 Lo3 lc4 Ì U4LO¿ (lOrcoO)
L4' Ì Uo L·L4 lOo, roachíng ab
wiIh a Oraw ÏlinsIoaO
l U3 loo lc4, anOIhoIom¡O·
IOsing ÌU4LO¿ islOrcoOagain,
Ihon Ì U4 L4' Ì Uo L·L4 lLo
ÌUo lOo lLo, anOroachosab
ÏIIhorolOro soomsIhaIlOrchnOi
novor missoO awin aIalI,sinco
IhoroisnO wayho cOuIOhavoOOno
LoIIorIhanIOty lOrIho sIuOy
¡OsíIiOn 1ho acIuaIlíníshOlIho
gamowas
100 . . . Kf3 101 Bh2 Kg2
102 Be7 Kf3 103 BdG Ke3
104 Ke5 Kf3! 105 Kd5 Kg4
lOG Ke5 Kf5 107 KXb5 KeG
\horovorIhoLíshO¡haO soIIIoO
OnIhís OiagOna¦inIhoÍasIlow
mOvos, IhoLIackkíngwOuIO
aIwaysLoaLIoIO gaínIhoroquiroO
Iom¡O, LyaIIackinghim
108 KeG KfG 109 Kd7 Kf7
l lO Be7 Kg8 l l l KeG Kg7
1 12 Be5 Kg8 1 13 KfG K7
1 14 Kf7 Kh8 1 15 Bd4+ K7
l lG Bb2 KG l 17 Kg8 KgG
1 18 Bg7 Kf5 1 19 Kf7 Kg5
oíncohonO IOngorloars sIaIomaIo,
L¦ackhasOnIyIOromaíninIhis
cOrnor anO avOiO Loing ¡ushoO
OOwnIO I3 again.
120 Bb2 KhG 121 Bel + K7
122 Bd2 Kh8 123 Be3+ K7
124 Bg7 ¼-¼·
GAME 13 \hiIo1al LIacklaOuIOv
okO¡|o LIym¡iaO, Ì ¬7¿ oiciLan LoIonco
1 e4 eS 2 N£3 Ne6 3 d4 eXd4
4 NXd4 N£6 5 Ne3 d6
6 BgS Bd7 7 Qd2 NXd4
8 QXd4 QaS 9 Bd2 eS
10 Qd3 Rea 1 1 Be2 a6
12 0-0 BeG 13 NdS Qd8
14 BgS BXdS 15 BX£6 QX£6
16 QXdS Re7 17 Be4 Be7
18 Qd3 0-0 19 BdS g6
20 a4 aS 21 Ra3 Bd8
22 Rb3 Qe7 23 Rd1 b6
24 Qd2 Kg7 25 Rd3 QgS
26 Qe2 £5 27 eX£5 RX£5
28 Be4 R6 29 RXd6 RXd6
30 RXd6 Be7 31 Rd1 BeS
32 K 1 R7 33 £3 R8
34 g3 Rd8 35 Bd3 Qe3
36 QXe3 BXe3 (Liagram Ì )
1horoaro manymiOOIo·gamo
¡OsiIiOnswhich aro wOn,¡rocisoIy
Locauso OIIho¡rosoncoOI
O¡¡OsiIo LishO¡s, IhowoakorsiOo
hasnOOoIoncoagainsIIhoinvasiOn
OIhisLnos Ly sovora¦¡iocosOnIho
squaros OIOnocOIOur.lnIho
onOgamo iI is woLknOwnIhaIan
oxIra¡awnmay woLLo uso¦ossIOr
winning ¡ur¡Osos whoro O¡¡OsiIo
LishO¡s aroinvOIvoO, LuIovonhoro
Ihoir atacking¡OIontaIcanOIIon
Lo ox¡¦OiIoO, anOIhis isIhomain
roasOn whyIhosIrOngor siOoOIton
¡roIorsIO koo¡ a¡airOIrOOksOn
IhoLOarO oooaIsO´amo4¿
37 Re1
LnohiOOonaOvanIagowhich
\hiIo ¡OssossosisIhaIhis LishO¡
ismuch LoIIorIhan L¦acks ÏIisnOI
rosIricIoOLyiIsOwnconIro¡awn
anOiIcanusoIhoconIraIsquaroo4
asaLasoIOrmanOouvring LI
cOurso,IhosamosquaroisaIsO
47
avauaLIoIO\hiIoskinganOrOOk
37 . . . Bd4 38 b3 Be3
39 Re2 K6 40 Kg2 Rd4 41 h4!
1hoinIontOnisIOsOIIonu¡Iho
l·siOo ¡OsitiOn, ¦oaving LIackwiIh
OnoisOIaIoO¡awn OrsoriOuswhiIo·
squarowoaknossos.
41 . . . h6
PgainsIawaiIingmOvo4Ì LL¿,
\hiIo wOu¦OLoLosIaOvisoOIO
cOnIinuoIho¡ro¡araIiOn OI ho.
1O¡IayiIaIOncowOuIO¡ormiI
cOunIor¡Iay, IOroxam¡Io
4¿ho g·ho 43L·h7 h4
44g4 LcÌ anOuIho kingIrios IO
cOLocI Iho¡awn howÙ rogroI iI -
4o lh3 LI4 4o l·h4` lOÌ oIc,
iI 4oLO3,LIack has4o. . LI4
anO Lg3.
42 Kf l Rd6
4¿ ho, which cOuIO a¦sO havo
Loon tioOOn Iho ¡roviOus mOvo, is
unwiso in agonoraI way, Iixing Iho
¡awnsOnwhiIo squaros, anO
wOuIO IoaOIOIrOuLIo aIIor
43 lg¿ lOo 44 lo¿ lO4
Diagram Ì
4o lo3 lOo 4og4 h·g4
47l·g4' lI7 4blc4 LLZ (Or
4b LO4¬ 4¬lo4 LLZ oUc3)
4¬c3 \hiIosrOOkisnOw
aggrossivoanOhis¡awnma¡Ority
ismOving
43 g4 Bb2 44 R2 Be 1 45 h5
(LiagramZ)
\hitohasachiovoOhisaim OI
woakoningtho squarosho anOIo
anOIho¡awnaIho,LuIiILIack
haOnOw¡IayoO 4o g·ho
4ol·ho Lgo,his h·¡awnwOuIO
LostrOngor anOhis LishO¡ wOuIO
LomOro actvo L¦Ockingtho
¡OsitiOn may soom mOro naturaI, as
nOw¡IayoOLy LIack, LuIiI\hito
canIinO away tO LroakthrOugh,
thoh·¡awnanOIho whito squaros
gonoraIIywi¦¡LoIaIaLywoak
45 . . . g5?
LIacksti¦¡hOIOsthorosOurcosIO
¡rovontthowhiIorOOkIrOm
¡onoIratng, LuIhis whlIo squaros
aronOw sO woakthaIIho onong
canLowOnwiIhOutrOOks lOrIho
noxIIow mOvos \hiIois¡rOLlng.
46 Re2 Bb2 47 Re3 Rd4
48 Kf2 Be l 49 Re i Bd2
50 Rdl Be3 5 1 Ke3 Bb4
52 Be2
1horoisnO wayIO goIIho rOOkin,
sO\hitosoIIIos IOa¡uroLlshO¡
onOing
52 . . . Be5
1hoIunOamontalruIoIOr|uOging
O¡¡OsiIo LishO¡enOings (assum¡ng
nOrma¦kinganO ¡awn ¡OsiIiOns)is
IhaIthosu¡oriOrsiOo canOnIywin
iIhohasIho O¡¡OrIuniIy IOunOor·
IakomanOouvrosOn LOIh siOosOI
Iho LOarO lOroxam¡Io,iIhohas
a mOLiIo ¡assoO¡awn OnOnosiOo
anO Iho chancoOIaIIackingaroaI
woaknoss OnIho OIhor siOo, ho
shOu¦Ohavo gOOO ¡rOs¡ocIs1his
4b
ismOroim¡OrIanIIhanIho acIua¦
numLor OI¡awns OnIhoLOarO,
anOox¡IainswhysOmoLmosovon
IwOoxIra¡awnsaronOIonOughIO
win, whLo sOmo IavOuraLIo
¡OsiIiOnsmayLowOnwiIhOuIany
maIoriaI aOvanIagoPsanOLviOus
oxam¡Io tho ¡OsitOn b/okl /Zlo/
¡7/lL4lÌ / Ì l3LZ/ l o is aOoaO
OrawLocauso\hiIohas¡IayOnIy
OnIho l·siOo
loIurningIO Iho gamo, IhoruIo
a¡¡Loshoro insOIar as L¦ack musI
nOIoxchangorOOkshimsoIIOr
roca¡Iuro On O4withIho LishO¡, iI
hoOiO,\hiIowOuIOcroato
a ¡assoO ¡awnIrOm his ¸·siOo
ma|OriIy anOcOmLinoiIs aOvanco
wiIh aninvasiOnLyhis king viao4,
IoanO go, winnlngoasiIy.
53 RXd4 e Xd4+ 54 Ke4
(Liagram 3)
1horoca¡IurowiIhtho¡awn,
IhOughaLsOIuIoIynocossary, has
its Oark siOoin IhaIL¦acksLishO¡
isnOwimmOLí¡isoOanOOLIigoOIO
OoIonOIho O·¡awn lis kmg can
IhoroIOro LoIOrcoOIO givo grOunO
LymoansOI Zugzwang, anO tho
whiIo kingwÙ gain accossIO go
Diagram <
Diagram 3
1hanks IOtho Zugzwang
woa¡On\hiIo OOosin asonso
havo¡Iay OnLOIh siOos, anOiIis
aquosIiOnOIwhoIhorho can
¡usImanagoIO IOrcoIhowinOI
a¸·siOo ¡awn
54 . . . KeG 55 Bc4+ K£6
ÏI oo . lOo,wohavoIho sIanOarO
manOouvro oolIo lco
o7 lgo LIb oblI7 LOo o¬lg7,
om¡hasisingIhovuInoraLiLIyOIIho
h·¡awn ÏI mightsoomIhaI
oo . lo7 isamOro ¡rOmisíng
roIroaI, ¡IanningIO OoIonOIho
h·¡awnwithIho LíshO¡IrOmIb
anOOoIonOIhoLishO¡wíIhIho
kingat ob lOwovor, L¦ack sIi¦!goIs
ínIO Zugzwang as IOJOws
oolIo lob o7lgo LIb
oblIo Lo7 ¬ o¬lg7 Ltb¬
oUlgb Lco (oU lo7 ol LI7)
o Ì LLo¬ anO o¿lg7
56 Kd5 K£7 57 Ke5+ Kg7
58 Bd5
Ïtis sIrikmghOwZugzwangaIOno
ís onOugh IOOrivo IhokingrighI
inIOIho cOrnor
58 . . . K7 59 K£6 B£8
60 Be4+ Kg8 61 Kg6
PIIhOughhohas¡onoIraIoOIho

Diagram ÷
l·siOocOm¡IoIoIy, \hiIo cannOI
IOrcohis O¡¡OnontIO cOncoOo
maIoriaIIhoro, sincothoroaro
a¦wayss¡aromOvosavai¦aLIoIOIho
OoIonOor.ÏImighta¡¡oarIhaIho
canmakonO ¡rOgross, LuI1aInOw
OomOnsIraIos |usIhOw gOOO his
kingroaI¦yísLyskiIIuIusoOI
Iom¡O·gainingmOvosanO Ly
ox¡IOiungIho LishO¡s cram¡, ho
winsanOIhor¡awnLy IOrco
61 . . . Bg7 62 Bd5+ K8
(o¿ . lIb` o3lh7) 63 BeG
o3lI7 isacIuaLy aliIIIo quíckor,
LuI1aIissIi!!¡rOLíng IOrIho
winningiOoaaIIhis sIago, an
inOicaIiOnOIhOw OíIIicuItthoso
onOings aroin¡racIíco
63 . . . B£8 64 Bc4 Bg7 65 K£7
lo ístryingIO IOrcoLIackIO ¡Iay
Loo,Ihonhis kíngwJILoaLIoIO
gain atom¡OiniIs|OurnoytOIho
OIhorwing
65 . . . K7 66 Bd3+ K8
67 Be4! (Liagram4) Be5
68 Ke6 Bg7
ÏIob LI4 o¬lOo Lo3 7Ulco,
IOLOwoOLy LO3anOl·Lo
69 Kd5
1hísisIhosocOnO¡OinI,LyhíIIíng
IhoO·¡awnho ¡rovonIsIho
OoIonco LIb-co
G9 . . . BfG 70 KeG Bd8
71 Kd7 BfG 72 Kc7 Be7
73 KXbG Bb4 1-0.
\hiIocroaIos a¡assoO¡awn
oasiÌy 74lLo lg7 7olc4 Lc3
7o L4' L·L4 77 l·O4 oIc
GAME 14 \hiIo lura¡íca LIack lar¡Ov
okO¡|o, Ì ¬7o luyÏO¡oz
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 NcG 3 Bb5 aG
4 Ba4 NfG 5 BXcG dXcG
G Nc3 BdG 7 d4 Bb4
8 NXe5 NXe4 9 0-0 BXc3
10 bXc3 0-0 1 1 Ba3 NdG
12 c4 fG 13 Ng4 Re8
14 Ne3 N£5 15 NX£5 BX£5
1G Qd2 BeG 17 Qc3 Qd7
18 Rfe1 Q£7 19 Qb2 bG
20 c5 b5 21 Bb4 aS
22 Bd2 Bd5 23 £3 RXe1 +
24 RXe1 b4 25 a4 bXa3
2G QXa3 a4 27 Bb4 QgG
28 Qc3 h5 29 Ba3 Re8
30 RXe8+ QXe8 31 K£2 QgG
32 Qd3 QXd3 33 cXd3
(Líagram l )
LIackhas anumLorOIaOvanIagos
(I ) PnOuIsiOo¡assoO¡awn,whích
aImOsI amOunIsIO anoxIra¡awn,
Diagram Ì
oU
sinco\hiIosconIraIma|OriIyis
vitIuaIIyusoIoss, (¿) PLishO¡
íOoaIIysIatOnoOOn aLIOckaOing
squaro, whichIho kíngmayaIsO
Occu¡y IaIor, whi!ohis O¡¡OsiIo
numLoris aIooLIos¡ocimon,
(3) 1ho Lack O·¡awnisa¡OIontaI
IargoI Ïn s¡iIoOIaIIIhis, \hiIo can
hOIOIhoOrawwiIh accuraIo¡Iay,
LuIín¡ractcohis Iaskís quiIo
OíIIícuII
33 . . . h4
lar¡OvLogmswiIhsOmos¡aco·
gainingmanOouvrosOnIho l·siOo
ÏnvíowOIhisLishO¡sLaO¡OsitOn
\hiIo isIighIingvirIuaI!ya¡íoco
OOwnOnIhísIIankanOhohasIO
OoIonO himso¦I caroIuI!y IO avOíO
aLroakIhrOugh
34 g3
ÏIis aOvisaLIoIOIackIo Iho¦oaOing
L¦ack¡awnIairIysOOn,raIhorIhan
aIÌOw a¡OssiLIoIaIor . h3 LI
cOurso 34h3, Iixinghis Own
¡awnsOnwhiIo squaros, wOuIOLo
wrOngOngonoraIgrOunOs
34 . . . K£7!
LIackis nOIcOncornoOaLOuI
3o g·h4 as,aIIor3o lgo
3olg3 lho 37LL¿ La¿,howíns
Lack oíIhor Ihoh4OrIho O3 ¡awn
PItorIhoIurIhor 3blI¿ (IOsavo
Iho O·¡awn) l·h4 hísromaining
l·siOo ¡awns aro wiOoO¡onIO Iho
onomy, whíIo 3b La3 LLÌ aIsO
winsa¡awn ¯honIho squaro c4
wOulOLowoakanOIrOmIho
sIrOng¡OinI OoLIackskingwOuIO
havo accoss IO Iho¸·siOo,o g
3¬Lc I (Iho ¡OssiLiliIyOI
3¬Oo c·Oo 4Uco,IOLOwoOLy
LOo,nooOsIO LowaIchoO,Lutis
unsOunOhoro) L·O3
4ULa3 lgo 4l lI4 lI7
4¿lo3 Lgo 43lO¿ loo
44lc3 (\hiIomusIyioIOOn Ono
siOoOrIho Othor,iI 44 lo3, lOo
oIc ) Lho 4oI4 lIo 4oLc l LOl
IOLOwoOLy lg4 Or lo4
35 Ke3 £5 36 K£4 Kg6 37 Ke3
lIayingsaIowiIh awaiLngmOvo,
anOrighIIy sO,iIhotakosLy
31 g·h4 lho 3bl·Io (3blg3
IoaOsLackIO Iho¡roviOusnOIo)
L·I3 3¬lI4 (3¬loo l·h4
4UlO7 lh3 is naIuraIÌy voryLaO,
\hiIogoIsnOwhoroinIho conIro)
LOo 4Ulg3 LL3 hoagain¦Osos
Iho O·¡awninsimJarcircum·
sIancos ÏI 37 g4 I ·g4 3bI ·g4
(Or 3bl·g4 lIo 3¬I4 LL3
4Ul·h4 lIo 4Ì lg3 Lc¿ anO
\hiIo is inIrOuLIo) lIo 3¬go¬
( uho OOosnOIhing Ly
3¬ LL¿ LL3 4ULa3 Lc¿
4Ì lo3 h3' anO lgo wins)
lgo 4Ulg4 h3 4Ì l·h3 l·go
4¿lg3 LL3 43lI3 lh4| anO
\hitois again Loing sIroIchoOIOO
IarIO OoIonOLOIh IIanks
37 . . . K5 38 Bb4 g5!
1ho¡awnaOvancoLoginsIO
gonoraIo IacIicaI IhroaIs, namoly
3¬ . I4¬' 4Ug·t4 (Or
4UlI¿ I ·g3¬ 4Ì h·g3 h3 anO,
wiIh asocOnOromOIo¡assoO
¡awn, LIackwinsoasJy) g4'
4l I·g4¬ l·g4 4¿lI¿
(OIhorwisohoIOsos Ihoh·¡awn)
l·I4 43La3 lg4 44LL4 lh3
4olgI LL3(-c¿) oIc.,agmn
winningIho O·¡awnÍLIhoso

Diagram <
variatOnsLIustraIoa Lasic ru¦o
aLOuI O¡¡OsiIo·LishO¡ onOings,
namoIy IhaIIho sIrOngorsiOomusI
achiovo¡IayOnLOthIIanksin
OrOorIO LoaLIoIO win. 1his moans
¡assoO¡awnsOnLOIhsiOos, Ora
¡assoO ¡awnOn Ono siOoanOIho
O¡¡OrIuniIyIOr aLroakIhrOugh
wiIhIhoking OnIho OIhor, Iho
LroakIhrOughIhonoithor croatng
a socOnO ¡assoO ¡awn Orwinning
IhoonomyLishO¡
39 Kf2
ÏI 3¬ I4 Íg4' is anOIhorIy¡ica
sIraIagom, i o 4UI ·go h·g3
4Ì h·g3 l·g3 anO L¦ackhas
a sIrOngIysu¡¡OrIoO ¡assoO ¡awn
whichwins quickly
39 . . . Ba2
3¬ . . Loo-cb-aois aIiII¦omOro
accurato, anO LIackroIumstO Ihis
moIhOO shOrtIy\iIhIho LishO¡ aI
LI \hiIohasachancoIO cOunIor·
aIIack
40 Ba3 Bbl 41 Ke2
(Liagram ¿) Ba2!
LocausoIhoinIonOoOLroak·
IhrOughLy4l h·g3
4¿ h·g3 t4 IaiÌsaIIor
43 g·I4 g·I4 44Oo| c·Oo
4o co, whonIhoIhroaIOI 4oLOo
IoavosLIack nO mOro thana Oraw,
o g 4o La¿ 4o LOo O4
47 L·c7 LOo 4b Loo, Or
4o . . Lc¿ 4oLOo a3
47L·c7 a¿ 4bLoo,Or4o lgo
4oLOo lIo 47L·c7 a3
4bLao loo 4¬LL4 a¿
o0Lc3 lOo o l lO¿ l·co
o¿ LL¿ lco o3 lc3 lOLcoIhat
43 g4¬` lh4 44 lI¿, hO¡ingIO
koo¡thoking¡ormanonIIy
cOnIínoO,is LaO Locauso OI
44 L·O3,IO¦IOwoOLy
. Lc4-oo·g4,whonthothroo
¡assoO¡awns winoasíIy
42 Bel !
LIackwasIhroaIoníng (iI, say,
4¿LL¿) 4¿ h·g3 43h·g3 I4
44g·t4 (44g4¬ lh4 is
OLvíOusIy wOrso, IoaOingtOIho
LishO¡sacriIicomonLOnoOinIho
IasInOto) g·t4 4oLcÌ lgo,aIIor
whíchthoIurIhor . Loo-Io
¡rOOucosZugzwang,\hitoLoing
OLLgoOIOroIoasohs LishO¡s
atIackOnIhoI·¡awn,thoroLy
¡ormíItng . lh4-g3 anO Lho
42 . . . BeG 43 K£2 Be8 44 d5?
Ïns¡iIo OIhíscIovor manOouvring
LIackcanstllOnIyOraw againsI
cOrrocI¡Iay, LutnOw \hiIos
unnocossary¡awn sacriIicoIhrOws
awaythoha¦I ¡Oínt 1horighIway
is 44lo¿ Lao anOnOwnOt
4o La3 h·g3 4oh·g3 I4' oIc ,
asLoIOro, LuI 4olo3' , whon
4o I4¬ 4og·I4 g4 nOIOngor
wOrks Locauso LIackhas mOvoO
hisLishO¡IrOmOoanOnO
|
Ongor
throaIons . g·I3' 1horoIOro
47Io' g·I3 (Or47 . lgo
4bI ·g4 l·g4`` 4¬ Io anOwíns,
Or47 g3 4bh·g3 h·g3 4¬ t4
anOagain4¬ . lg4 IOsos aIIor
oU Io lh3 oÌ lI3)
o¿
4bl·I3 L·O3 4¬lI4 anO
\hiIoovonhassOmoaOvantago
44 . . . eXd5 45 d4
ÏI 4o lo3, I4¬ wOrksnOwthaI
L¦ack isa ¡awn u¡ tO starI, i. o
4og·I4 g4 47lI¿ LIo
4bO4 g·I3 4¬l·I3 Lo4¬ anO
Iho kingroachos g4wíIhawinning
¡OsítiOn
45 . . .£4!
lOLcohOwLIackcOntnuos IO
hammorawayaIIho l·siOo,ho
mustachiovosOmoIhínghoro
LoIOrohisa·¡awncanLoOI
anyuso
46 gX£4
ÏI 4og4¬ lgo \hiIohas¦oIIhis
l·siOo¡awnsLaOIy cOm¡rOmísoO
(IíxoOOn whito squaros)anOhis
kíngisIhoroIOroínnO ¡OsítOnIO
chaLongoLIacksonIryOnIho
OIhor wing, o g 47lo¿ Lao¬
4blO¿ lIo 4¬lOÌ (4¬ lc3 Lo¿)
loo oUlO¿ lO7 oÌ lOÌ lco
o¿lO¿ lLo o3lc3 lao otc
46 . . . g4
lOwIhoLIackkingIOrcoshisway
inIO g4againsIanyroasOnaLIo
OoIonco
47 Kg2
Lr 47Io L·Io 4bI4 Lo4 IOI·
IOwoOLy lgo-Io, aItorwhich
\hiIo musI oiIhor¡ormítIhokings
ontyato4Or¡Iaylo3anOa¦IOw
. g3.
47 . . . B£5 48 K£2 g X£3
49 KX£3 Be4+ 50 K£2 Kg4
51 Bb2
1ho¡rossuroIOrcos\hiIotOyíoIO
a ¡awn, as o l lo3 lh3 Or
o Ì lgl lI3 o¿lI Ì LO3¬
o3 lgÌ lo¿ wOuIOLoovonwOrso
51 . . . KX£4 52 Bel + Kg4
53 Bb2 e6 54 Bel K3 55 Kgl
LIacksIinaIIaskisIO ox¡IOíIIho
OoIonsivo¡OsiIiOnOIthoO¡¡Osing
Diagram 3
kingIO lOrco his OwnkingLack
acrOssIhoLOarO lOrthis¡ur¡Oso
honooOstirsI¦ytOlrooIhosquaro
o4anO socOnOIytO croaIoaZug·
zwang
55 . . . Bg6 56 Ba3 Bh5
lolirstro·rOuIoshisLishO¡, as
Ll3¬ isausoluImOvoinOno
variatOn
57 Bel Bdl ! (Liagram3)
¯hisisIho ZugzwangrolorroOtO
anO IhorolOro 0- 1. o7 lg4
oblI¿ lIo o¬lo3 achiovos
nOthing, LuInOw\hiIo must
aLanOOn oiIhorl¿ wiIhhis kingOr
I4wiIhhisLishO¡
Ïl oblhl lg4 o¬ lg¿ llo
anOroachos o4 ÏlIhon
oU lh3 lo4 ol LL¿
(oÌ l·h4 l·O4 o¿ La3 lc3 is
nOLotor) lO3 o¿l·h4 lc¿
o3La3 lL3 wins oasiIy,whilo
oUlI¿ lo4 oÌ loÌ Lho
o¿ LL¿ lO3 a¦sO OociOos Iho
issuo
1hoaIIornatvo obLL¿ larosnO
LoItor - ob lg4 o¬lg¿ Ll3¬
(IO koo¡himOuIOlh3, usoluIraIhor
than aLsOIutoIynocossary, soonOIo
tOL¦acks ooIh) oUll¿ ll4 anO
againroachoso4anO O3
ÏnciOonIalIy, . h3 isavory
OuLiOusmOvoinmOsIsituatOns
horo, asLIackskingIhongoIs
cOntinoOath¿ anO IhowinningOl
Ihoh·¡awnismaOousoIoss,o. g m
Iho socOnO ¦inogivon aLOvo
o¬ h3¬` oUlI¿ ll4
o l loÌ Lho o¿ lO¿ lo4
o3 lc3 lo3 o4La3 lI¿
oo lO¿ lg¿ oolo3 l·h¿
o7ll¿ wiIhaOoaOOraw
GAME 15 \hito ´ligOric LIack L¡uLO|ovic
LoIgraOo, Ì ¬7¬ íimzO·lnOianLolonco
1 d4 N£6 2 c4 e6 3 Nc3 Bb4
4 e3 0-0 5 Bd3 d5 6 a3 BXc3+
7 bXc3 dXc4 8 BXc4 c5
9 N£3 Qc7 10 Qd3 Nc6
1 1 e4 cXd4 12 cXd4 Na5
13 Ba2 NXe4 14 0-0 N£6
15 Bg5 Nd5 16 Racl Nc6
17 Bbl £5 18 Rfel Bd7
19 Ba2 Qd6 20 Ne5 h6
21 BXh6 NXe5 22 dXe5 Qe7
23 BXd5 eXd5 24 QXd5+ Qe6
o3
25 QXe6+ BXe6 (Liagram Ì )
26 Bg5
ÌOt ¿oLo3 l4,which wOuIOIoavo
hisLishO¡awkwarOIy ¡IacoO anO
alÌOwIhoO¡¡OsingOnoaIiII¦omOro
scO¡oÌlLIacknOw mOvoshis
LishO¡, Iho¡assoO¡awnrunsu¡
quiIosatoIytO o7with OLviOus
ottocIÏnanycasohomustO¡¡Oso
rOOksIO ¡rovonIOccu¡auOn Oltho
sovonthrank
Diagram Ì
26 . . . Rfc8 27 £3 RXcl
28 RXc l RcB 29 RXcB+ BXc8
\hiIowasinnO ¡OsitOnIO avOiO
IhoOisa¡¡oarancoOlaÌlIho rOOks
(¿¬ lOl lc3 Cr lc¿), LuIIho
quostOnnOwiswhoIhorhohas
onOughaOvanIagoIO winPsaruIo
Iho¡IayorwiIh an oxIra¡awnIrios
IOkoo¡ aIIoasIOno¡airOlrOOks
On,¡uroO¡¡OsiIoLishO¡onOings
LoingnOIOriOusIy suL|ocI IO
LlOckaOo
30 K£2 K£7 31 Kg3 Ke6 32 K£4
1ho LasicruIo OlO¡¡OsiIoLishO¡
onOingsisIhaIIho su¡oriOrsiOo
musIhavo¡IayOn LOIh siOos, ¡lay
inIhissonsomoaningIho ca¡aLil¡Iy
ovonIuaÌIy IO croaIo a¡assoO¡awn
anO winIho O¡¡OnonIsLishO¡
lOriI
lorowohavoIO askwhoIhorIho
ruIosIiIIa¡¡Iiosina¡OsitOnwiIh
anunLaIancoO ¡awn stucIuroÏn
OIhorwOrOs,\hiIo canOLIainIwO
¡assoO¡awnsOnIho l·siOo,
¡OssiLIy cOnnocIoO(o·anOt·¡awns),
¡OssiLIyuncOnnocIoO(o· anO
h·¡awns), whiIohis ¡rOs¡ocIs On
Iho ¸·siOoa¡¡oarIOLosIonOor.
\iÌlIhaIsullico`ÌOrmaJyan o·
o4
anO anh·¡awnwOuIO wln,wiIhnO
OIhor¡awnsOloiIhor cOIOurOnIho
LOarO,LocausoIhoyaro so¡araIoO
LyIwOliIosanOIhoh·¡awns
quoonmg·squaroisLorighIcOIOur
lOrhis LishO¡, horo,hOwovor,
LIackwOuIOroIain a¸·siOo¡awn
OlhisOwn, whichcOuIOallocIIho
issuo
´OnnocIoO¡awnswOuIOaIsOLo
OillicuIIIO|uOgo,inviowOlIho
¡OssiLiÌity OlLlack sacrilicinghis
LishO¡lOr Ihom. 1honIhorosuII
wOuIOOo¡onOOnwhaI\hiIohaO
IolI, whichinIhis casocOulOwoÌlLo
|usIIho a·¡awn,whOsoquooning·
squaroiswrOnglOrhis LishO¡' Pn
aOOoOcOm¡LcatOnisIhaIawrOng
llcansOmoIimossIiJwinilIho
O¡¡OnonIhas¡awnsIolI, Locauso
IhosIaIomaLgOlIhoOolonOing
klngcanlOrcohimIO unrOOkIho
roIovanI¡awn(wiIhawhiIo ¡awn
aIabanOLIackOnosaIaoanO L7,
lOroxam¡Io,LIackcanLolOrcoO
inIO LoovonIuaLy) oooIhonOIo
IO \hiIos 3oIhmOvo anO alsOIho
lOrchnOì-lar¡Ovgamo(ÌO Ì ¿)
1hosoaroIhogonoraIcOnsiOora·
IiOnsIhon1OansworIho Original
quostOn,Iho ¡IayOn LOIh siOos
ruIoisnOIroalIyroIovanIhoro,il
\hiIogoIscOnnocIoO¡assoO
¡awns,IhowrOngrOOk¡awnrulos
wiÌla¡¡Iy,whilo OiscOnnocIoO Onos
mayOrmaynOIwin, Oo¡onOingOn
whaILIackcan OO OnIho ¸·siOo
1ho¡rosonI¡OsiIiOnshOuIOLo
Orawn,LuILIackIOsosiI,chiolIyLy
lail¡ng IOmakousoOlhis¸·siOo
ma|OriIy. loaIsO¡Iays . goaI
a OuLiOusmOmonI1his isaIricky
¡OinILocauso goisOoliniIoIy
nocossaryin sOmo ¡OsiLOns,LuIiI
has IO LocOmLinoO wiIh ¸·siOo
¡Iay
Diagram 2
32 . . . Bd7 33 Bd8 Bc8
34 Bc7 Bd7 35 Bb8 a6 36 Bc7
(Liagram ¿)
LIackhasa chOicoOIIhroo
¡OssíLIo sIrucIuros IOrhis¸·síOo
¡awns, anOinchOOsingwhichIO
aOO¡I ho musI IakoinIO accOunI
IhoLishO¡ ¬ wrOngrOOk¡awn
onOingwhichmighI Occur (Ì ) ao
anO L7, allOwingIhowhiIo¡awnIO
roachao 1hís ís whaIha¡¡onsín
Iho gamo anO iI IOsos LocausoIhaI
¡OsiLOn, wiIhtho whiIo LishO¡ at
Lo, is anoxco¡IiOnIO Iho wrOng
rOOk¡awnrulo - LIackcanLo
IOrcoOIO ¡Iay LoOr Lo
(¿) a4anOLo,whichhocOulOhavo
soIu¡OuringIhoIasIIowmOvos
1híswOulOOraw,LuIcOuIOinvOIvo
LIackin cOnsiOoraLIo IochnicaI
OiIIicu¦Iíos (3) aoanO Lo, whichís
Iho LosI LocausoIhoro is nO way
\híIo cOuIO Ihon winwíIh|usthis
a·¡awn, a¦sO L¦ack wOuIOLousing
his¡awns mOroacLvoIy,which
cOuIOLoim¡OrIanIinsOmoLnos
ÏOoalIy LIackshOuIO¡Iay Lo
nOw,whonIho IO¦IOwíngvariaIiOns
inOicaIo IhaIhocan Oraw agmnsI
anyOI\hiIos¡Ians (a) 3o Lo
oo
37lgo Lob 3bg4 (gOíngtOrIwO
so¡araIoO ¡awns, IhowoakosI
O¡tOn) I ·g4 3¬I ·g4 go
4Ulho (4Uh4 ao) ao 4Ì lg7 L4
4¿a·L4 a·L4 wiIha Oraw.
(L) 3o Lo 37lgo Lob
3bt4 go (nocossaryatOnco,it
3b. . Lt7 3¬g4 I ·g4 4UIo¬
anOtho g·¡awnsOOnLocOmos
aIargoItOr\hitosLishO¡)
3¬h3 lI7 (nOI3¬ LI7`
4Ulho Lob 4Ì lg7 anOLIack
goIsinIO ZugzwangLy4Ì LI7
4¿ lIb, Or4Ì lo7
4¿ LOo¬ loo 43LL4 oIc.)
4Ug4 I ·g4 4Ì h·g4 LO7
4¿Io g·Io 43 g·lo Lcb anO
LIackhassoIu¡Ihoc¦assíc
OoIonsívo¡OsitíOn,roaOytO
sacríIicohísLishO¡aIIoroo,wiIhOuI
Ioaving \hito anyung OnIho
¸·siOo, anO aIsO aIIackingIho
I·¡awn, which¡rovonIs IhowhiIo
king IrOmunOorIakíng anyIhíng
actvo (c) 3o . Lo 37 lgo Lob
3bI4 go 3¬lho lI7 4ULao LO7
anO\hiIehas IOroIurnIO tho
h3¬g4¡Ian(Orh4-ho, asintho
gamo, whichachíovosnOIhingaIIor
L¦acks Lo)
36 . . . g6 37 KgS K7?
1hisisIho OocisivomisIako PItor
37 . Lob Iho¡rossuroOnIho
o·¡awnismaínIaínoO IOr Ono mOro
mOvo anO 3bI4 can LomoILy
3b . Lo 3¬lho lI7ÌOw\hiIo
can tíxIho L·¡awn anO ¡ro¡aro
a4-ao
38 Bb6! Bc8
LIack'sIasI¡racIica¦chancoisIO
sIayOnIhoa4·obOíagOnaI,IO sIO¡
a4-aoLvon sO, itis IOO IaIo IO savo
Iho gamo. PItor 3b . Lob
3¬h4 LO7 4Ua4 L·a4
4Ì oo¬ l·oo 4¿l·go Lob¬
43lgo LO7 44ho lt7
4o ho lgb (OIhorwiso LO4)
4olgo Lob¬ 47l·Io \hiIos
mOLiIo¡awnmasswiLOvorrunhim
39 a4 Bd7 40 aS Bc8
41 Bd8 BeG 42 Bc7 Bd7 43 h4
\hiIonOwhasOn¦yIO soIu¡Iho
¡OsiIiOnwiIhIwOuniIoO ¡assoO
¡awns,Iho¸·siOosIrucIurowi¡l
Ihon guaranIoo hímawin
43 . . . Bc8 44 BbG Bd7
45 Be3 BcB 4G B£2! Bd7
47 £4 Bc8 48 hS g XhS
49 KXhS Bd7 50 KgS KeG
(Liagram 3) 5 1 g4 £Xg4 52 Bg3!
lOrcíngIho roquiroO¡OsiIiOn
52 . . . K£7 53 £5 Bc8 54 K£4 1-0.
o4l·g4 wOuIO a¦sOwin,LuIis
unnocossary Ps¡IayoO \hiIo wíns
sim¡Iy, wiIhOuIIho nooOIO sIaIo·
maIoIhoLIackkinginIho cOrnor
oo
Diagram 3
anOcroaIoa L·¡awn,viz o4 lo7
oo oo L·oo (Or oo . . lOo
oolo4¬ anO o7 loo)
oo I ·oo l·oo o7 lo4 oIc
9.Minor pieces
¯his cha¡torOoaIs wiIh onOings whoro knighIsanOLíshO¡sa¡¡oar
tOgoIhorin variOuscOmLinaIiOns ´amos Ì oanO l 7 aroIairIy Iy¡ica¦
oxam¡¦os OIknight vs LaOLishO¡ anO LishO¡ vs LaOknighIros¡ocIivoÍy
Ïnoachcasotho intoriOr¡iocoromainshoI¡¦ossIOras¦Ongas Iho O¡¡Onont
wishos, anO Iho On¦yquostiOnis whoIhorIhorois onOugh aOvanIago tO
O¡on u¡ Iho ¡OsitiOn anO tOrco a win
Ìn lO l b LIacks ¡awn woaknossos aro roIont¦oss¦y ¡ursuoO omys¦Ov
¡utsu¡ an acIivo Ootonco, LuI Ono orrOris onOughtO OociOo Iho onOing
ÏnIhonoxIgamo\hiIosLíshO¡isin OangorOI LocOming¡assivoinits
tight againstawo¦¦·¡OstoOknighI, Lut homanagostO koo¡ tho OamagoIO
aminimum LOIhsiOos gO wrOng in sOmo OltIicu¦I Iactics anO \hiIo tinOs
anoaI Orawing rosOurco
1ho¦asIIwO gamosIOrmquiIoastrikingcOnIrasI lO ¿Uis ossonIialIy
Iochniquo, with twO ¡assivo knighIs OutgunnoOLy IwO ¡OworIu¦ LishO¡s,
whiIoIOrshoorviOIoncointhoonOgamo lO ¿ Ì wOuIOLoharOIO LoIIor
1hoox¡orioncoO´oÍIormishanOIos his aIIackina¡OsiIiOnwhichIoII
nOmargin IOrorrOr
GAME 1G \hiIo lhOImOv LIack VasiukOv
lool, Ì ¬7Ì ¸uoons lawn
ÌnIhisgamowohavoIho O¡¡OrIuniIyIO sIuOysovora¦OiIIoronIIy¡os Ot
onOgamoaI Onco ¯homainIhomoOIIhooar¦ior¡arIis LIackscOnIrOIOt
astOng¡Oint atoowhich hoisaLIoIOuso as aLasoIOrO¡oraIiOns Lyhis
king anO knighI, anOuItmaIoIyIrOmwhich tO invaOoIhoonomy ¡OsitOn via
O4Ort4 1hisisnOt, hOwovor, aty¡ica¦ oxam¡Io OtknighI vs LaOLishO¡,
sincothowhiIo¡iocosstIIhavoa cOnsiOoraLIoamOuntOIscO¡o anO LIack
nooOstO oxorciso a groatOoa¦OIingonuIyIOwin
LarIy OnIhorois a¡OssiLiIiIy OtIrans¡OsiIiOnintOa¡awnonOingwhichis
IavOuraLIotOLIackLut OOosnOta¡¡oartOyio¦Oawin,inOooOL¦ackmay
ovon IOsothisiIhois caroIoss 1hoana¦ysisOIIhisonOingcOntainssOmo
romarkaLIo IwisIs
1hoIhirO Iy¡o OIonOing Occurs IaIorOn whonLIackIinOs hohasnO
OIhorwayIO winIhanIO gO inIO aquoonanO minOr ¡ioco onOgamo anO
horo his IasI¡awnisroquuoOIOOociOoIhoissuo
1 d4 NfG 2 N£3 gG 3 g3 Bg7
4 Bg2 0-0 5 0-0 d5 G Nc3 cG
7 b3 B£5 8 Bb2 Ne4
9 Nh4 NXc3 10 BXc3 BeG
o7
1 1 Qd2 Nd7 12 Rad 1 NfG
13 £3 Rc8 14 e4 dXe4
15 £ Xe4 Bg4 1G Rde1 e5
17 h3 BeG 18 N£3 eXd4
Diagram Ì
19 NXd4 Qd7 20 NXe6 QXe6
21 Re3 Nd7 22 BXg7 KXg7
23 Rd3 Ne5 24 Rd6 Qe7
25 Rd 1 Re8 26 h4 h5
27 c4 c5 28 Qc3 Kg8
29 Qe3 Rc6 30 R6d5 Ng4
31 Q£4 R6 32 Rd7 RX£4
33 RXe7 R 1 + 34 KXfl RXe7
35 Rd8+ Kg7 36 B£3 Ne5
37 K£2 Rd7 38 RXd7 NXd7
39 Ke3 Ne5 40 Bg2 K6
41 Bh3 Ke7 42 Bee b6
43 Bh3 £6 44 Bf 1 (Liagram Ì ) g5
LIacksIirsIaimwiLLotOOccu¡y
IhostrOng¡OinIaIoowíIhhískíng
raIhorthanhisknight,sincohowilI
thon havo Iho ¡OssíLi¦íIy OI ¡ono·
IraLngIOO4OrI4 aswoIIas
makíngaOuocIaIIack OnIho whiIo
¡awn
lOwovor,Uhotríos IO OO Ihis
immoOíaIoIyLy44 lOo, \hiIo
ro¡Iios 4olI4 anO IhowhiIokng
wL¡rOvovoryOiIIicuIIIOromOvo,íI
ín Iact hocan LoromOvoOaI al!
lOr oxam¡Io, 4o lI7
4o LgZ' lOb 47Lh3 loo¬
4bL·oo l·oo roachmga¡awn
onOmg whichcOnIains mOroIhan
a¡¡oars atIirst sight \hiIo
ob
Diagram 2
cOnLnuos 4¬lI3 loo oUlo3
(Liagram¿) anOiInOw oU go
o l g4' h·g4 (OroÌ g·h4
oZ g·ho anOnOw (a) oZ . to
o3ho lIo o4oo¬ wus,
(L) o¿ loo o3lI4 winningIho
h·¡awnIOrnOthing, (c) o¿ h3
o3 lI3 Io o4ho I ·o4¬
o o lg3 lIo ool·h3 o 3 o 7 lg3
anOwins) o¿ho loo (oZ Io
o3 ho I4¬ o4lI¿ anO\hiIo
wins) o3 lI¿ lI7 o4 lg3 lg7
oo l·g4 lho oo lIo l·ho
o7 l·Io g4 oboo g3 o¬oo g¿
oU o7 gl /¸ ol ob/¸¬ lh4
oZ ¸hb¬ IOIIOwoOLyoxchanging
quoons anO\hítowinsoasiIyOn
tho¸·siOo
LnIhoOIhorhanO, íILIack¡¦ays
ímmoOiaIoIy4¬ go Ihon
oU lo¿| hOIOsIho ¡OsiIíOn aIIor
oiIhor oU g4 oÌ lo3 oIc Or
oU . g·h4 oÌ g·h4 loo
oZ lo3 Io o3o·Io l·Io o4lI3
otc
´IoarIy, ¡rOvíOoOho avOiOs
. go atIhowrOngIimo, L¦ack
wOuIOroIaintho aOvanIagoínIho
¡awnonOìng, LutiIIhorois awin
IOrhím anywhorointho aLOvo
anaIysis iIisvory harOIO OotocI
anOsOho ¡roIors tO avOiOIho
¡OssiLiLty aIIOgothor anOsIayin
thominOr ¡ioco onOing
45 Be2 g4
LyhisIastIwOmOvosL¦ack
¡rO¡Osos tO cutOIIIhoroIovant
OiagOna¦anOthoroLy tO avOiOIho
variatOnsmontOnoO aLOvo, aIIor
which howi¦ILoaLIoIOmanOouvro
in¡oaco1ho OL¡ ocIiOn tOIhis ¡¦an
ísIhaIsOOnorOr¦aIorIho ¡OsitiOn
wiIÌhavoIO LoO¡onoO, atIorwhich
tho LishO¡ wu¦Lo aLIo tO aIIackIho
LIack¡awnswhich aro sIuckOn
whiIo squaros.
46 Bd 1 KeG 47 Bc2 Nf3 48 Bd3
PnOnOI 4blI4` ÌoÌ IhroaIoning
mato anOIhoLishO¡
48 . . . Ke5
\iIhIhokingnOwosIaLLshoOat
IhoroquiroOsquaro, L¦acks¡Ian
wiJLoIOIryanO croaIoOIhor
IargoIs LysOIIoningu¡ \hiIo s
¸·siOo¡awns. lomanOouvros IOr
a whi¦o, ¡rOLingtOrawaytO
achiovo Ihis, anOIinaIIyhits Ontho
right ¡Ian
49 Bc2 Nd4 50 Bb 1 Ne6
51 Bc2 Nd8 52 Bb1 Nf7
53 Bc2 Nd6 54 Bd3 Nb7
1ho¡Ian Ot¡IayingIhoknighIIO
Iho naturaI squaro OoIO¡utmOro
¡rossuroOntho o¡awnhasIai¦oO
sinco to wOuIOLo uso¦oss aIIhis
¡OinI, sO LIack Irios aOiIIoronI
a¡¡rOach
55 Bc2 Na5 56 Bb1 Nc6
57 Bc2 Nb4!
linOingIhorighImanOouvro,nOw
\hiIomustoithor ¡¦ay a3 Orkoo¡
IhoLishO¡chainoOtOIhoa·¡awn
ÏnIhoIaIIorcasohowOuIOLo
OL¦igoOtO aJOwIhoonomyking
immoOiaIoaccossIO O4,sO ho
¡Iaysa3whichinturninvO¦vos

croaIing aoIIoronIwoaknoss
58 Bb1 a6 59 a3 Nc6
60 Bc2 Na5 61 Kd3 Nc6
62 Ke3 Nd4! (Liagram 3)
ÌOw, i nOrOorIOOoIonOIhonow
woaknoss at L3, tho LishO¡musI
ronOuncocOnIrO¦OIto,which
aLOwsLIackIO gain aIOI OI grOunO
anOinvaOo O4
63 Bd1 f5! 64 eX£5 NX£5+
65 Kf2 Kd4 66 Bc2 Ng7
67 Ke2 Kc3 68 Kd 1 Nee
\hitoishoIpIossIOrthomOmonI,
sOLIackIakos IhoIimoIO rogrOu¡,
Lringinghis knighIIOaLoIIor
¡OsitiOn
69 Kc1 Nf6 70 Kd1 Nd7
71 Bg6 Nf6
1ho ¡rOLIom montOnoO oarIior,
namo¦yhavinghis ¡awns stuck On
whiIo squaros, is LoginningtO
causoLlacksOmocOncornanO
OLIigoshimIO ¡IaywiIh cOnsiOor·
aL¦oingonuiIyanO ¡rocisiOnIO IinO
awin
72 Bc2 Kb2 73 Kd2(?)
\hito|uOgositLostIOIoItho¡awn
gOanOIryIO cOntinoIhoonomy
king ÏI 73 a4 ÌO7 74Lgo l·L3
!o L·ho ÌIo anOIho LIack
Diagram 3
knighIwÙLoaLIoIO hOIO Iho
h·¡awn IOr aIOng tmowhíIohis
Own¡awns aro roaOy IOrun
IhrOugh OnIho OIhorwing ÏI
insIoaO 74lO¿ loo 7o LOI ,
hOwovor, \hiIos¡rOs¡ocIs wOuIO
LoraIhorLoIIor sinco 7o Ìco
7oLc¿ lO4 77Lgo wOu¦O
invOIvoL¦ackin acorIain amOunIOI
risk, o. g. 77 . 1·L3
7bL·ho l·c4 7¬L·g4 anO
aIIhOugh LIacks kingis avaiIaLloIO
su¡¡OrIhis ¡awns, IhowhiIo
h·¡awn wOuIO Lovory OangorOus
inviow OIIho shOrIrangoOItho
knighI ´orIainIyIhis wOuO havo
Loon an im¡rOvomonIOnwhaI
acIualIy ha¡¡ons
73 . . . KXa3 74 Kc3 b5
75 cXb5 aXb5 76 Bg6 Nd5+
77 Kc2 b4! (Liagram 4)
1hoaIIornatvo77 . lo3¬ OnIy
Oraws, o g 7blO3 lI I
7¬ L·ho l·g3
bUL·g4 l·L3 bÌ ho l·ho
b¿L·ho c4¬ b3lO4 c3
b4Lgo L4 bolco( ' ) anOIho
¡awns aro hoIO
78 B Xh5 c4 79 Bg6
lOI,OIcOurso,7¬L·c4 L3¬
Diagram ÷
oU
bUlLl lc3¬ anO wins
immoOiaIo¦y\hiIo has nO chOico
LuIIO LringIhoLishO¡LackIOIho
LI ·h7OiagOnaIanO mOvohisking
OuIOItho OangorzOno
79 . . . cXb3+ 80 Kd3 b2
81 Kd4 Nf6 82 Bbl
Lr b¿loo lho' Irans¡Osing.
82 . . . Nh5 83 Ke5 NXg3
84 Kf4 Nf l !
ÏIb4 . lho bo l·g4 lg7 \hiIo
Oraws Ly mOvinghis king Lack IO
Iho ¸·siOo, bolI4 oIc, sinco Iho
knighI wOu¦O LoOLIigoO
¡or¡oIuaIIy IO waIchIhoh·¡awn
anOwOu¦OLounaLIoIO Iako¡arI
inany OIIhomanOouvrosOnIho
OIhor siOo - a gOOO oxam¡Io OI
IhoinaOoquacyOIashOrI·sIo¡¡ing
knighIin awiOo O¡on¡OsiuOn
PnOIhorwayOIOrawingwOu¦OLo
bo lgo lL3 b7 lgo Ìoo
bblIo lI4 b¬lgo oIc ,anOIho
knighI cannovorosca¡oIho
aIIontOnsOIIhoking ÏnsIoaO
boho` wOu¦OIOso aIIor
bo l·ho b7 l·ho lL3
bb lg4 lc3 b¬lI3 lO¿
¬Ulo4 lc I
Ïnviow OIIhis LIackmusIaOO¡I
aOiIIoronI¡Ian loIakosmaximum
aOvanIagoOIIhoIacIica¦¡OssiLiL·
Iios O¡onIOhisknighIIOarrivoaI
a quoonanOminOr¡iocoonongin
which ho managosIO OomOnsIraIo
a win wiIhhisIasI¡awn
85 KXg4
ÏI boho g3 anO \hiIomusI¡Iay
bo lI3,IOsinghis LishO¡ aI Onco
85 . . . Nd2 86 Bd3 Nc4!
(Liagram o)
ÌOIbo . . Ll /¸ b7 L·LI l·LI
bbho sincoquoonanOknighI can
OnIy win agamsI quoon in corIain
¡rOLIomaIicaI¡OsiLOns ÏnsIoaO,
LIackisaimingIO Lringhis knighI
Diagram b
IOc¿in OrOorIO lOrcoIho¡awn
IhrOugh, anOhoOOosIhiswith gain
OlLmoLyhisIasImOvo
87 Kf4 Kb3 88 h5 Na3
89 h6 Nc2 90 h7
Ïl,oiIhoraIIhis¡OinIOraIiIIIoIaIor,
\hitooxchangosLishO¡lOrknighI
wohavoIhoOillicuIIonOgamoOl
quoon ¬ knighIs¡awnvs quoon
LnIhowhOIo,onOgamoIhoOry
IonOs IOtIucIuaIo muchIoss Ihan
O¡oníng IhoOry, sincoIhings aro
oasíor IO ¡rOvo cOncIusivoIy, LuI
Ihisisa casowhoro íOoashavo
changoO OvorIhoIasIlow yoars
PIOnoIimoitwasthOughIthat
¡OssossiOnOlakníghIs¡awnLy
Iho sIrOngorsíOoshOuIOIoaOtO
a Oraw anOIhaI aLishO¡s ¡awn Or
conIro ¡awnwasroquíroOlOr
a win lOwovor, mOroroconI
ana¦ysishasmocaIoOIhaIwinning
chancos aro¡rosonIwiIh anyIhing
oxco¡I arOOks¡awn,¡rOviOoOIho
gonoraI¡OsíIiOnaIlacIOrs aro
lavOuraLIo.
1wOusoluIruIosaro (a) IhaIIho
OolonOingking, ¡rOviOoOho
cannOIosIaLIishhimsoIlOuocIIyin
lrOntOlIho onomy ¡awn, OlcOurso,

shOuIOLoaslar away as ¡OssiLIo,
sOasnOIIO inIorlorowiIhhis
quoons aIIom¡IsIO achiovo
¡or¡oIuaIchock anO (L) ilIho
¡awncanroachIhosovonIh
su¡¡OrIoO Lyhis king, hohas
gOOO chancos ÏnIho ¡rosonIcaso
LOthIhosolacIOrsaroinlavOur Ot
LIackP ILanaIysis OtaLIho
¡OssiLIo¦ínos wOuIO Iako u¡ tartOO
muchs¡aco anO wOuIOLoOlhII¦o
¡racIíca¦va¦uo, Lut as an inOícatOn
OlIhovariOusOovicos aI LIacks
Ois¡OsaI,tholO¦¦Owing may Lo Ot
intorost.
(alIor ¬UL·c¿ ¬ l·c¿
¬Ì h7 Ll /¸ ¬¿ hb/¸) ¬¿ . ¸t l¬
(lirsILringingIho quoon IOamOro
acLvo¡OsiIiOn) ¬3lgo ¸Lo¬
¬4 lho ¸co¬ ¬olgo L3
¬o¸h¿ ¬ (il ¬o¸h7¬ lcÌ )
¬o lLÌ | (Liagramo) (Iaking
aOvanIagoOlIhowhiIokíngs
¡OsiIiOnIO ¡rovonIachockOn gÌ ,
OnoOlIho cOmmOnosIsIraIagoms
inIhisIy¡oOlsiIuaIiOn)
¬7 ¸h7¬ ¸c¿ (stO¡¡ingtho
chocks tOrat¦oasIIwO mOvos anO
onsuringIhoaOvancoOltho ¡awn
tOIhosovonIh) ¬b¸t7 L¿
Diagram ô
¬¬lho ¸oZ¬ Ì UUlho lc Ì
ÌUÌ ¸c7¬ ¸cZ anOwins Ly Onco
againtaking aOvanIagoOIIhowhiIo
kings ¡OsiIiOn
90 . . . b 1/Q 91 h8/Q
\hatovorIho Oitticu¦Iios OIIho
quoon ¬ ¡awn vs quoononOing,
\hiIoshOuIOhavoIakonhis
chancos Ihoro, LocausoIhoonOing
wiIhminOr ¡iocos isvory LaOOn
accOunI OtIhovuInoraLi¦iIyOIIho
IOOsoLishO¡ LIacks gamo is
nico¦y cOm¡acIanO cO·OrOinaIoO,
whoroas\hiIoishO¡oIossIy
scaIIoroO
91 . . . Qc1 + 92 K£5
Pnythingo¦soIOsosIho LishO¡
92 . . . Qe3! 93 Qg8+
\iIh Iho L¦ackquoonmOro
aggrossivoIy ¡¦acoO, Iho quoon
onOing wOuIO nOwLoovonmOro
IavOuraLIoIhanLoIOro,o g
¬3L·cZ¬ l·cZ
¬4¸hZ¬ ¸OZ ¬o¸c7¬ lLÌ
¬olIo L3 wiIh gOOOwinning
chancos
93 . . . Kb2 94 Qc4 b3
95 K£6 Nb4 96 Bf l
1hoLishO¡ cOntinuos IO ¡rOIocIIho
quoonsOIhat ¬o ¸c3¬ may Lo
answoroOLy akingmOvo ÏI
¬oLgo ¸c3¬ ¬7 ¸·c3 ¬ l·c3
¬d LLÌ lcZ ¬¬loo la3
l UU Lgo lcZ Ì Ul LI7 LZ
Ì UZLaZ lL4 l U3 LLÌ lOZ
Ì U4 lO4 lcl Ì Uo Lgo lcZ¬
anOwins
96 . . . Ka3 0- 1 .
lohasnOtmoIO roOrganisohis
OoIoncosIO sIO¡ Iho ¡awn, whiIo at
Iho samo Iimo goIting hisLishO¡IO
a saIos¡OI
GAME 17 \hiIo ´onIury LIack loo
laignIOn, Ì ¬73 lirc Lotonco
1 e4 d6 2 d4 N£6 3 Nc3 g6
4 Be2 Bg7 5 N£3 0-0 6 0-0 Bg4
7 Be3 Nc6 8 Qd2 BX£3
9 BX£3 e5 10 dXe5 NXe5
1 1 Be2 a6 12 h3 Qd7
13 £4 Nc6 14 Rad1 Qe7
15 B£3 Rad8 16 Rfe 1 Rfe8
17 Q£2 Qe6 18 Qd2 Qc8
19 a3 Kh8 20 b4 Kg8
21 Qd3 Re7 22 Qc4 Rde8
23 Nd5 NXd5 24 QXd5 Qe6
25 c4 QXd5 26 cXd5 Nd8
27 K£2 £6 28 Rc1 N£7 29 Bd4 £5
30 BXg7 KXg7 (Liagram Ì )
1hominOr¡iocoonOing whichis
aLOuIIO ariso tavOursIhoLishO¡in
s¡iIoOIthoIacIIhatIho¡OsiIiOnis
OnIy haItO¡on 1ho main roasOn is
thatIhoknighIis unaLIo IO osIaLIish
oZ
himsoIIOn anyoIIocLvosquaro,nO
maItorhOwIOnghomanOouvros
arOunO 1hissiIuaIiOnmaya¡¡oar
Diagram !
Diagram 2
´
1
romarkaLlo, LuIisinIacInOI
uncOmmOn, anO soomsIO ariso
os¡ociaIIyIrOmcorIa¡nIy¡osOI
O¡onings 1ho OnIyox¡IanatOnis
IOsayIhaIsOmo¡awn¡OsiIiOns
|usIha¡¡onIOhavovoryaOvorso
oIIocIsOnIho scO¡o OIonomy
knighIs \honwoaOOIOIhisIacIOr
Iho ¡lacingOtIhoLIackI·¡awn On
awhiIo squaro, IhoLoIIor ¡OsiIiOn
OIIho whiIokinganOIho
unLalancoO¡awn ¡OsitOn, which
gonorm y IavOurs Iho¡¦ayorwhO
hasOIhor aOvanIagos, iIis c¦oar IhaI
IhotirsI ¡¦ayor has asuLsIanIiaI
¡Ius
31 eX£5 RXe1 32 RXe1 RXe1
33 KXe1 gX£5 34 Kd2 K£6
35 Kd3 NhB
LIackis roOucoO IO mOvingLack·
warOs anOIOrwarOs wiIhhisknighI,
sinco any ¡awnmOvowOuIO OL·
viOusIy On¦y woakonhim sIiLIurIhor
36 a4
¯ho¡¦anisIO IixIhoLIack¡awns
OnIhissiOoOnIOwhiIo squaros,
anOIhon O¡onu¡Ihol·siOowiIh
g4. 1his wíIl groaI¦yincroasoIho
scO¡o OIIho LishO¡, ¡ormiILgiI IO
¡onoIraIoIOcb¡orha¡s, Or, as in
o3
Ihogamo,IOcOmoIOLoalIor an
oxchangoOt¡awns, wiIh cOnsIanI
IhroaIsOILco Ïn aOOiIiOnIOIhis,
Iho l·siOowLLoIOOsonoOu¡IOr
IhoinvasiOnOIIhowhiIoking anO,
OIcOurso,\hiIowiIIhavo a¡assoO
¡awn
36 . . . Ng6 37 g3 Ke7
38 Kd4 K£6 39 Be2 Ke7
40 aS K£6? (Liagram ¿)
P misIakowhichmighIhavoIOsI
ra¡iOIy 4U Ìtbwasnocossary
IO¡rovonIasacríIico aI ao, IOr
oxam¡Io 4Ì L·ao` L·ao
4ZLo a·Lo 43 ao ÌO7-Lo,Or
4Ì Lo a·Lo 4ZL·Lo ho oIc.,
anOLIackis hOIOing On,IhOughOt
cOurso\hiIokoo¡shiscIoar
aOvanIagoÏIis wOrIhnOtng IhaI
43 Lco isunsOunOinIhísIasIIino
On accOunIOI43 L·co
44ao co¬ anO 4o `O7, OriI
44 O·co Ìoo¬ anO 4o Tco
41 Ke3?
\iIhIhismOvoho ¡ro¡aros 4¿g4,
LuIOvorIOOksIhoimmoOiaIo
IactcaIsIrOko 4Ì L·ao' , Iho
ana¦ysisOIwhich shOws whaI
inIricaIoIwisIs canoxisIinIhomOsI
ínnOconI·¦OOkíng¡OsitOns PIIor
4Ì L·ao (4Ì Lo 4ZLO3
anOLIackcOuIO aImOsIrosign)
4¿Lo anOnOw (a) 4¿ . a·Lo
43 ao anOIho¡awnquoons
(L) 4Z. . ÌIb 43L·ao aga¡n
IOrcmg ¡rOmOLOn,LuInOI
43 Lo`` c·Lo 44 a·Lo ÌO7
(c) 4¿ `o7 43Lo
(43L·ao` Ìcb) co' (IhoOny
chmco - iI43 co¬ 44 lc4
wi:s, anOit43 c·Lo 44a·Lo
wms) 44L7' ' c·Oo
4o Lb/¸ Ìco¬ 4ol·Oo Ì·Lb
47l·Oo a:OIhokghIisLa¡¡oO'
ÏIis¡OssiLIoIhaI\hiIosawmuch
OtIhisvatiauOn,LuIwasnOIquiIo
corIainOIiI OvorIho LOarOanO
¡roIorroOIOroIa¡nh aOvantagoín
¡OsiLOnIOrIhoLmo Loing
41 . . . Ne7 42 Kd4
1hoisOIaIoOO·¡awnisIhoOno
woaknossín\h¡Ios gamoanO
IOrcoshimIO Iry anOIhor a¡¡rOach.
42 . . . h6
LIackmusIhavosoonIhoOangorOI
L·aoaI Ihis ¡OinI, OIhorwsoho
mighIhavoro¡oaIoOIho¡OsiLOn
wiIh4¿ Ìgo \honOoIonOing
a¡OsiLOnOIIhís ty¡o, an ahom¡IIO
LroakOuI OIton IoaOs IO amOro
ra¡iOOoIoaL loroL¦ackmighIhavo
IríoO4¿ co IO ox¡¦OiIIho shghI
woaknoss in \hitos ¸·siOo ¡awns,
o g 43 O·co Ì·co¬
44lOo` Ì·L4¬ 4ol·Oo Ìco
whonhocanOI¦Oso\hiIo wOulO
OOLosIIO ¡¦ayinLLno 44lc4
aIIorwhichsOmoIhingLko44 loo
(44 Oo¬ 4ol·Oo Ì·L4 ¬
4olco Ìco 47 lLo winsIho
L·¡awn) 4o LO3 ho 4og4 I ·g4
(4o Ìo7 47 g·Io ¬ Ì·Io
4bLo4 is LaO) 47h·g4 roIains
hisaOvanIago.
43 g4 Kg6
Lxchanging OnIyhoI¡s\hiIo anO
agaín 43 ÌgoaIIOws Iho
sacriIicoOnao
44 b5 aXb5 45 BXb5
PItorthisIhoknighIissLll chaínoO
tOo7On accOunt OIthoIhroaI Lco
45 . . . K£6 46 Bd7 Kg6?
loshOuIOhavooxchangoO¡awns
aIthis¡OinI, as Iho noxtnOto
inOicaIos
47 Kc4?
\hiIohascOm¡IoIoOhis ¡ro¡ara·
IiOns inIhathiskingiscontral:soO
anO hisLishO¡is initsO¡tmum
¡OsiIiOn,atIackingIhoI·¡awnanO
IhosquaroscbanO co lois nOw
IryingIO OociOowhoIhorhocan
o4
winLyOirocIacLOnOnOnoOItho
wingsOrwhothorho musItrytO
IOrco LIack mtO ZugzwangLy
sOmo ¦Ong manOouvríng. POirocI
aIIack On tho¸·siOowOu¦OIaiIas
IOLOws 47Loo (IO cOvorIho
O·¡awn) lIo 4b lc4 lgo
(4b co` 4¬O·co l·oo
oUc·L7 Ìco oÌ ao anO wins,
4b co` 4¬O·co L·co oUao
wins, 4b co` 4¬O·co Ì·co
oUL·Io Ì·ao¬ ol lOo lo7
o¿ go anOIhoLishO¡wins oasiIy
with ¡assoO ¡awns chargíng OOwn
O¡¡OsiIosiOos) 4¬lLo lIo
oUao L·ao¬ ol l·ao co wiIh
aOvanIagotO L¦ack
lOwovor,iIa¡¡oarsIhat
47 L·Io ¬ wOuIO givo \hito
awinning¡awnonOing, mainIy
LocausohohasIwO ¡awnsIO Ono
OnIho l·siOo, whiIo L¦ackOaronOI
IOuch hisOwn ma|OrityOn tho OIhor
wing. lOssiLIo mos aro
(a) 47L·Io ¬ Ì·Io ¬
4bg·Io ¬ l·Io 4¬lo3 ho
oUlI3 lIo (oU . lgo
o Ì lo4 lIo o¿Io lgo
o3h4¬ lIo o4lI4 wins,OriIin
IhisLnooÌ . h4 o¿Io¬ lgo
o3Io l·Io o4lI4 lgo
oolg4 lIo ool·h4 anO\hito
winsLyOnotom¡O,OriI oU h4
o l lo3,IranspOsinginIO OnoOIIho
OIhor mos) oÌ lo4 lgo
o¿ Io¬ lI7 o3 lI4 lIo o4h4
anOwins
(L) 4b . . lIo 4¬lo3 ho
(4¬ l·Io oUlI3 Irans¡Osos
intO (a)) oUlI3 anO\hiIooiIhor
winsthoh·¡awnOrIrans¡Osos
Lack inIO (a)
1ho orrOrOn Iho¡artOILOIh
¡Iayors canroaOiIyLounOorsIOOO
LIackwasunwill¡ngIOyioIO\hito
a ¡assoO¡awnLyoxchanging aI
Diagram 3
g4unLIhoIhOughtitwasaLsO·
IuIo¦ynocossary,anO\hiIo OiOnOI
wìshIO cOmmiIhimsoIttO a¡awn
onOmgaLOuIwhichhowasun·
corIam, sincohohasgOOOchancos
anywayLy roIaining ¡iocos
47 . . . fXg4( ! ) 4e hXg4 Kf6
49 Kd4
1hooxchangoOt¡awnsOOosnOt
aIIocIIhoIactIhaIaninvasiOnOtIho
¸·siOoisnO gOOO IOr\híIo ÏI
4¬Loo lgo oUlLo lIo
o Ì ao L·ao¬ o¿ l·ao co as
LotOro, OriIhoro oÌ to loo anO
hocanmakonO ¡rOgross OnIho
¸·siOo.
49 . . . Kg6 50 Bee+ (Liagram3)
1his OOosnOharm, OIcOurso,LuIit
isnOIyoIthorighIsquaro1O¡ut
L¦ackinIOZugzwanghomusI
cOnIrOItho squarogo as aIirsI
sto¡, anOalsO cOvorIho O·¡awn, in
OrOorIOIroothokmg
50 . . . K£6 5 1 Bd7 Kg6
52 Bb5 Kf6 (o¿ ho` o3Lob¬)
53 Ba4!
1hls is Ihoright¡Ian, LuIho stL
nooOs IOLoaccuraIoÌI o3 LO3,
LIackhas o3 co¬' , makìng
Ihings muchharOor
oo
Diagram ÷
53 . . . Kg6
ÌIIhoknighImOvos\hiIocan¡lay
Lc¿ withOuIchock,sinco co¬ is
IhonOLviOus¦yim¡OssiLIo
54 Bc2+ K£6 55 Be4!
1hoOn¦y cOrrocIsquaroIOrIho
LishO¡\hiIonOw¡Ians IO ¡Iayhis
kingOvorIO ho
55 . . . Nee 56 Ke3 Ne7 57 K£3
(Liagram 4) 1-0.
losignaLOnwOuIOnOrmaLyLo
rogarOoOas¡romaturohoroÌn
IacI,LlackwasOLlìgoOIOwiIhOraw
IrOmIho IOurnamonIIOr¡orsOna¦
roasOns, anO sO cOncoOoOIho
gamoÏIisintorosIingIO cOnsiOor
whoIhor\hito canwinLyIOrco
IrOmthohnal¡OsiIiOnL¦ackroaLy
has OnIyIwO¡OssiLIoLnosOI
OoIoncoagainsI\hiIosIhroaIonoO
invasiOnaIho lo can alIOw Iho
kingIO roach Ihat ¡Oint anOIryIO
hOIO OnLy¡Iaying hisknighI
LackwarOs anOIOrwarOs, Orho
canmanOouvrohisknighIIO IoanO
kmgIO I7Or g7IO sIO¡lho.
Pnythingolsoisuso¦oss,o g
o7. co obO·co L·co
o¬ ao Ìcb (o¬ Oo oUa7)
oUL·co anOwinsoasiIyÌI
o7 . Lo obao Ìcb o¬ LO3 Ìa7
oUlg3 Lo ol lh4 L4
o¿Lc4 lgo o3Io¬ lIo
o4lho lg7 ooIo¬ wins
1hoso¦ínos aromOroOrIosswhat
OnowOu¦Oox¡octiIL¦acktam¡ors
withhis¸·siOo ¡awns P LoIIor
OoIoncois o7 Ìcb oblg3 Ìo7
o¬lh4 Ìcb oUlho lg7 anO
nOw oÌ go h·go o¿ l·go Ìo7
o3Io Ìgb o4Lg¿ Ìto
ooLt3 Ìgb ooLOl ÌIo
o7LL3 ÌI4¬ anO\hitoOOosnOt
a¡¡oartO LoaLIo tO makoany
¡rOgross.ÌtinIhis Iino \hito ¡¦ays
o3 Lt3,thon o3 lI7 anOnOt
o3 . Ìgb o4lIo lt7 ooLho¬
anO\hito ¡onoIratostOooOr go
whonLIackisinroaItrOuLIo PItor
o3 lI7 LIack koo¡s his knight
ato7unu¦\hito ¡¦ays Io, Oo¡riving
his kingOtthatsquaro, anO thon
mOvos tho knight tO gb, hO¦Oing
Lacktho ¡awn Ìnthat casoIhoro
a¡¡oars tO LonOwintOr\hito
PnOthortryIOr \hitois tO
ca¡turo wiIh a ¡awn atgo, o g
oÌ go h·go o¿I ·go IOlIOwoO
Ly¡IayingIhoking acrOss tOtho
OIhor siOo lntOrtunato¦y, assOOn
asho ¡¦ays aotO gotamOngtho
¡awns withhis king, LIack wi¦I
oxchangoat aoanO ca¡turo On Oo
withhisknight,IO¦IOwoO Ly . lgo,
Oo¡riving \hito OIalIhís¡awnsI
´OmgLack tO Liagram4,tho
Lost chancosoomstO Lotho
invasiOnOttho ¸·siOowiIhOut any
oxchangoOt ¡awns Ly go (in Othor
wOrOs tO IOrgot aLOut¡Iayíngtho
kingtOho)
\oIhonhavotho IO¦IOwing
variatOns. o7 . . Ìcb (o7 . . Ìgo
obL·go l·go o¬Io ¬ lgo
oUlg3 ho oÌ g·ho l·ho
o¿lI4 otcishO¡oIossIOr LIack)
oblo3 Ìo7 o¬lO4 Ìcb
oUlc4 lo7 ol lL4 Ìa7
o¿ao L·ao o3lao anOtho
invasiOnOItho ¸·síOo, cOmLinoO
withtho ¡OssossiOnOta¡assoO
¡awnOnthoOthorsiOo,shOu¦OLo
Oocisivo,o g o3 Ìcb
o4l·ao lOb oolL7 ÌLo
(oo . Ìo7 oogo isnOLottor)
oogo h·go o7t ·go ÌO7
obLIo ÌLo o¬lco otc
¯his nOtoísaIroaOyIOngonOugh'
1horo aro OLviOusIymanyOiItoront
¡ormutauOns OI¡OssiLIoOoIonsivo
mOvosLyL¦ack,whichroaOors
mayLointorostoOtO invostgato,
Lutit sooms¦íko¦ythattho attackOn
tho ¸·siOo isawinning¡¦an
GAME 18 \hito Ïarson L¦ack omysIOv
las laImas, Ì ¬7¿ Vionna ´amo
ÏnIhomOOorn gamoIhorois atonOoncyIOr¡¦ayorstO wOrry ¦oss aLOut
stucIuraIwoaknossosinthoir ¡OsitiOns, itthoy canOLtain cOm¡onsatiOn in
torms Otactivo ¡ioco¡Iay, cOntrO¦Ottho conIro, otc
ÏnthoO¡oningvariatiOnom¡IOyoOhoro LIackacco¡ts OOuLIoOisO¦atoO
o·¡awns,hO¡ingthathowiüLoaL¦otOusotho O¡ontiIos anOthattho
¡awnsthomso¦vos wiLusoIu¦Iykoo¡thowhito ¡iocos OutOtOoanOIo ¯his
is quito a nOrma¦ OocisiOn, Lut, as tho onOgamo a¡¡rOachos, \hitoisaLIo
tO Lring tho ¡awns unOor ¡rossuro whichovontual¦y¡rOvostOO strOng
oo
1 e4 e5 2 Bc4 Nf6 3 Nc3 Bb4
4 Nf3 d6 5 0-0 0-0 6 d3 BeG
7 BXe6 f Xe6 8 Ne2 Nbd7
9 c3 Ba5 10 a4 c6 1 1 Ng3 Qe7
12 Qe2 h6 13 d4 Bc7 14 b3 Qf7
15 Ba3 Re8 16 dXe5 NXe5
17 NXe5 dXe5 18 Rd1 RedS
19 Bc5 a6 20 h3 RXd1 +
21 RXd1 Rd8 22 RXd8+ BXd8
23 Nf l Qd7 24 Qd2 QXd2
25 N Xd2 (Liagram Ì ) Bc7
LIacksIirsL|OLmusILoIO ¡rovonI
ZoLOo,og Zo lI7
Zo LOo lO7 Z7lc4 lIo Zb ao
anOhoisaItoaOyIioOu¡
26 Kf l Nd7 27 Be3 b5
PIIhOughovory¡awnmOvowiII
moananOLhor sLght woaknoss, Ihis
wiLLonocossarysOOnor OrIatorIO
sIO¡ ao, Iixing IhowhOIo ¸·siOo
28 Ke2 Kf7 29 Nf3
lirsIOIaIIhomanOouvros tho
knighIIO O3,whoroiIwiIIOLsorvo
IhosonsiLvos¡OtsL4, coanOoo
29 . . . Ke7 30 Ne1 bXa4
LIack isIacoOw¡Ih IhousuaI
OoIonsivo¡rOL¦omOIwhoIhorIO siI
IighIanOaIIOwLhoO¡¡OnonIIO
Occu¡ytho OosiroO squaros, OrtO
OoIonO acLvoIy LytyingtO croaIo
Diagram !
o7
a woaknoss in\hiIosgamolo
soIIIosIOrIhoIaIIor,hO¡ingIO
ox¡OsoLowhiIoa·¡awn,LuIin sO
OOing¡ormiIs anOIhor woaknoss IO
a¡¡oaraIc4.PgainsIIho aItomaLvo
3U . LLo \hiIo wOuIO wIhOraw
hisLishO¡ (3Ì Lc¡ ), sinco
3 Ì L·Lo l·Lo 3Z ao lO7,
IOLOwoOLy. co,wOuIOonaLIo
LIackIOcOvoru¡ his woaknossos
succossIuLy
31 bXa4 Bb6
3 Ì . . lLowOuIOaIÌOw \hiIo
a IavOuraLIo oxchango Ly
3ZL·Lo L·Lo 33 lO3 lOo
34c4 Lc7 (Or34 . . Lco 3olI3,
¡onoIraLngIhol·siOowhiÌo LIack
canOOnOIhing OnIho ¸·siOo)
3o co¬ lO7 3olL4 ao 37lO3,
IOIIOwoOLy lI3-g4,anOLIackw
IinOiIvirIuaLyim¡OssiLIoIOsIO¡
IhowhiIokings aOvanco,whiIo
OoIonOing hiswoak¡awns
32 Bc1
lOI 3ZL·Lo l·Lo anOíIis
\hiIowhOIOsosa¡awnÏnany
casohoisnOIyoIsuroIhaIIho
oxchangoOILishO¡sisOosiraLIo
lOr IhonoxIIowmOvos\hitois
¡rOLmgIO OiscOvor whaI aro tho
LosIsquarosIOrhis¡iocos,IOr
oxam¡Io, shOuIOIhoLishO¡LoOn
Iho a3·IbOiagOnaIOraIcÌ`, shOulO
IhokingIryIO gotLhrOughviac4
OrsIayaIoZIOr l·siOo acLOn`, anO
sO On LvonIhoLosI¡IayorsinIho
wOrIO IinOthaIa corIain amOunt OI
IriaÌanOorrOrisroquiroOinLis
Iy¡oOIsiIuaLOn
32 . . . Ba5 33 Ba3+ c5
Pgainthoun¡IoasanI chOico
LoIwooncroatnganOIhortargoI
anOIoavingthowhOIoOiagOnal
O¡onIOIhoLishO¡,whOmighI¦aIor
a¡¡oaraIOoOr Ib
34 Kd2
Ït 34lO3 lOo 3o lc4 íLo¬
Orivos hímLack
34 . . . Kd6 35 Nd3 Be7
36 Ke2 KeG 37 Be 1 Nb6
38 Nb2 Bd8 39 Kd3 Be7
40 g3 Bd6 41 Ke2 (Liagram¿)
lohasLoonunaLIo IO ¡onotaIo
viac4wiIhhís king,LuIhas
OLIigoOLIackIO assomLIoaIIhís
¡iocosIhorotO ¡rovonIít lis¡Ian
nOw thorotOro is IO ¡Iay hís kíng
thrOughIho whito squarosOn Iho
l·siOo, caIching LIack OII La¦anco,
asiIworo ÏILIacktiostO sIO¡Ihis
Ly 4Ì lO7, Ihon 4¿ao ícb
43 íc4 IOlIOwoOLy La3 ¡rovonts
IhokingIrOm strayíng anyturthor
IOOoIonOtho IhroatonoO soctOr lo
wOu¦Othus LoOLligoOIO ¡Iay go,
aIIorwhícht4cOmLmoOwithh4-ho
wucOntinuo IhosOIIoning·u¡¡rO·
coss ÏnviowOIal¦IhisomysIOv
OociOosOnIhoingoníOusmOvo
41 . . . e4!
1hroatoning 4¿ La3anOIhus
tOrcíng \hito IO acco¡I tho
Iom¡Orary ¡awn sacríIico
42 a5
ÏI 4¿Lo3, tryingIOwintho¡awnin
mOrotavOuraLIo círcumstancos,
L¦ackhas4¿ . Lco
43L·co l·co 44lI3 ao, anO íI
4o lg4`, í·a4' 4o í·a4

¬ lLo
47íL¿ a4 4bíOl a3
4¬ío3 la4 oUíc¿ lL3
o Ì íL4 l·c3 o¿ía¿¬ ÍL3
o3íc l¬ lL¿ anOLIackwinsI
LnmOvo 4o \hiIo wOu¦O thorotOro
LoIOrcoOtO withOrawhiskíng,
IOsingmOsIOIhisaOvanIago
42 . . . Nd7 43 NXe4 Be5
1hroaIoning 44 . . lLo,winnmg
Lack Iho ¡awnimmoOiaIoIy ÏtIurns
OuIIhatIho matoría¦cannOtLo
hoIO,Lut\hiIo mainIaíns sOmo
¡OsíIíOna¦aOvanIago
ob
Diagram <
44 Na3
PgainnOt 44Lo3 L·o3
4o l·o3 lLo 4oíOo¬ l·ao
PIIhOugh\hiIo wíI¦gotIhrOugh tO
Ihol·siOo ¡awnswiIhhis knighI in
IhisIino, Iho sIrongthOIthoOuIsiOo
¡assoO¡awnwiI¦L¡ thosca¦osin
LIacks IavOur,o g 47íob go
4bíOo la4 4¬íI7 ho otc.
44 . . . Bd6 45 Ne4 Be5
46 £3 Kb5 47 Kd3 B£2 48 Nd6+
Ïnviow OtIhoIwinIhroaIs
4b . .íco¬ anO 4b . L·g3 Ihs
iscIoarIy \hiIosOn¦ywinning
chanco
48 . . . KXa5 49 Nee g5
íOI4¬ L·g3 oU í·g7 íco¬
oÌ lc4, winning anOIhor ¡awn,
sinco oÌ lLo` ¡ormíIs o¿Lo3
50 g4 Kb6?
1hísisIho OocísivomisIako,
Locauso ho a¦IOws IhowhítoknighI
IOsoIIIo Ont7, a¡ortocIsquaro
IrOmwhichho atacksIwO¡awns,
asarosuIIIhoLIack¡iocosLocOmo
ontíroIy ¡assivo1hoOnIymOvo
was oU . Lco,aIIorwhichiIís nOI
cIoarhOw\híto canmako
¡rOgross PgainsI ol íc7 íob
o¿Lo3` LIackhas o¿ . L·o3
o3 l·o3 lco with aOvanIago, sO
\hitos LosIis ¡rOLaLIy
(oÌ Ìc7 Ìob) o¿lc4 Lo7
o3 Lo3 LOo o4Ìob Lo7Lvon
horo,hOwovor, a¦IhOughLIackis
roOucoO IO OsciuaIinghís LishO¡,
\hìIocannOIim¡rOvohis¡OsíIiOn,
o g. oo Lco L·co ool·co la4
o7c4 ao obÌc7 lL3 anO LIack
isaI¦oasIhOIOínghisOwn.\hiIo
mighIwoIIhavosím¡Iyro¡oaIoO
mOvosaIIoro4 . Lo7, Ly
ooÌc7 LOo oIc
51 Nd6 BcS 52 Nf7 Bf8
53 Be3+!
luchIho stOngosI,thoLishO¡is
hoaOingIOr g3, whoro ho wíII
roínIOrcotho aIIack On Ihoo·¡awn
anOsu¡¡OrtaIurIhorLroak·
thrOughLyh4 o3ÌOb Ìco¬
o4 lc4 lc7 wOuIO LonO uso
53 . . . Kc7 54 Bf2 aS
55 Bg3 Bg7 56 c4! (Liagram 3)
\iIhinIivomOvosIhosiIuatOnhas
aIIoroO OrasIicauyanOLIackhas
harOIyanyOoconImOvos.\iIhhis
IasImOvo\híIocOntnuosIho
¡rOcoss OIrosIrìcIíOn,¡ro¡aringIO
at|acktho a·¡awn anO koo¡íng Iho
LIackkíngOuIOILo 56 . . . a4
Diagram 3

1ho¡awnísmOrovuInoraLIohoro,
OIcOurso,LuIUoo lco
o7 ÌOb¬ lOo obÌL7¬
57 Kc2 Kb6 58 h4
PnOIhorwínningmowOuIOLo
oblc3 lao o¬LhZ,whon LIack
has nOmOvowhich OOos nOIIOso
a ¡awnlOwovor,Ihoro isnOhurry
IOrthis sínco LIackswoaknossos
aro¡ormanonI.lírstOIalIÏarson
íncroasosIho¡rossuroinanOthor
soctOr anO ox¡Osos Ihoh·¡awn
58 . . . gXh4 59 BXh4 Nf8
60 Bf2+ KeG 61 Kc3!
ÏIisinsIructvo IO OLsorvo \hitos
IIoxiLIo a¡¡rOachIOIho ¡OsiLOn
loisIacoOwiIh sovoraIonomy
woaknossosanO iIisnocossary IO
wOrkOuI|usIwhichisIhorightOno
tOatIackaIany mOmonI laving
¡ ustox¡OsoOthoh·¡awn, anOIhor
¡IayormighIwolIhavo cOnIínuoO
o Ì Lo3,whorou¡On oÌ Ìgo
o¿L·ho` L·ho o3Ì·ho lco
o4lc3 Ìh4 wOuIOoqua¦isoIOr
LIack ÏnsIoaOho swiIchoshs
¡rossuroLackIOthoa·¡awn,
whichis nOwho¦¡Ioss
61 . . . Ng6 62 Kb4 Nf4
63 KXa4 Nd3 (Liagram 4)
Diagram ÷
\hitonOwwins w¡IhOuItOO much
IrOuLIo, LuIhis accuraIo¡Iayright
IO IhoonOisinIorosIingIOOLsorvo
lOroxam¡Io,o4Lh4 lco wOuIO
givoLIack cOunIor¡Iay,sOIho king
isOrivonLackIirsI,making rOOm
IOr\hitosOwn
64 Nd8+ Kd7 65 Bh4 Bf8
66 Kb5 Be7
ÏIoo Ìco o7ÌI7 ÌO3
obLg3 Lg7 o¬co lo7 7Uco'
oIc
67 BXe7 KXe7 68 Nc6+ Kd6
69 Kb6 Nc5 70 Nd8 Nd7+
71 Kb5 Ke7 72 Nb7 Nf6
73 c5 h5 74 gXh5 NXh5
75 c6 Nf6 76 Kc5!
PccuraIoIOIho onO loIOsos
amOvosOIhaIiInOw 7o Ìob
77lLo ÌIo 7bc7 lO7 7¬ÌOo| ,
Oruhoro 7b ÌO7¬ 7¬lco
P LIIIo sIOworwOuIO Lo
7olLo Ìob 77c7 lO7
76 . . . Ng8 77 Nd6 1-0.
´uriOushOwIhoOnIyromaining
LIack¡awns aro tho OríginaI
OOuLIoOisOIaIoOOnos'
GAME 19 \hito \oLL LIack laIuIOvic
Lírmingham, l ¬7o lirc LoIonco
1 Nf3 g6 2 e4 d6 3 d4 Nf6
4 Nc3 Bg7 5 Be2 0-0
6 0-0 Bg4 7 Be3 Nc6 8 Qd2 e5
9 dXe5 dXe5 10 Rad1 Qc8
1 1 Qc1 Rd8 12 RXd8+ QXd8
13 Rd1 Qf8 14 h3 BXf3
15 BXf3 Rd8 16 RXd8 QXd8
17 Qd2 QXd2 18 BXd2
(Liagram Ì )
1horois muchmOrotO this raIhor
Diagram Ì
7U
OrOinary·IOOkíng¡OsíLOnIhan
mightLoox¡octoO Ïns¡itoOI
a¡¡oarancos,iIis\hiIo whO has IO
Lo caroIuI, ashisLishO¡·¡airís
inoIIocLvo anOIhoLIack knghIs
aroIhoIìtstIO tako Iho initaIívo
18 . . . Nd4 19 Bd1 c6
loo¡sIhowhiIoknighIquioI,LuI
chioIly ¡ro¡arosthoaOvancoOIIho
¡awns \hiIomusttakoimmoOiaIo
sIo¡sIO OisonIangIo himsoII
20 f3 Bf8 21 Kf2 Nd7
1hisgivoshimanumLorOIO¡IíOns
IOrIuturo actOn, viz Ìco·÷o as
ínIhogamo, ÌLo-c4 anOovon
to,IhOughIhís mightLo
IOOsonínganOwOuIOhavoIOLo
vory caroIuLy cOnsiOoroO
22 Be3
¯hoimmoOiaIo ¿¿Ìo¿ ís aIsO
¡OssiLIo, whon Irans¡OsíLOn IOtho
gamo Ly ¿¿ Lo ísIho mOst IikoIy
22 . . . b5 23 Ne2
¿3 L·O4isnOItO Lo
rocOmmonOoO,o g ¿3 o·O4
¿4 Ìo¿ co |¿4 Lco
Diagram <
¿o ÌcÌ LLo ¿o lo¿ co is aIsO
gOOO) anO LIackIOLOws u¡wiIh
. ao, OovoIO¡inga sIrOng mitatvo.
ÏI ¿o L4` c·L4 ¿oÌ·O4 Lco
¿7lo3 Ìoo(·+o) cOsIs\hiIo
a¡ioco.
23 . . . Bc5
¿3 . co` wOuIOLoahOrriLIo
mOvo, OIcOurso, LIOckingaL his
¡íocosanOIoavingahOIo aIOo
PIIor ¿4Ìc3 ao ¿oíOo, anOc3
IOIOllOw,\hiIowOuIO sIanO LoIIor
24 c3 NXe2 25 BXe2 (ÌOI
¿o L·co` Ì·c3' ) aS
(Liagram ¿) 26 b4(?)
1hísmOvoIoavosLIackwíIh asmaJ
LuIcIoaronOgamoaOvantago,LuI
\hitoIacoOasur¡risingIy OítIicuII
OocisiOn ÏoIus¦OOk atIho aItoma·
Iivos (a) ¿oL·co Ì·co,
IhroaIoning ¿7 . ía4,anOiI
¿7LOÌ ÌO3¬ ÏI ¿7c4 L4,
tOIIOwoO Ly Ìoo-O4 with
e c¦assic knighIvs LaOLishO¡
onOing,LosIhorois ¿7L4 a·L4
¿b c·L4 íoo, IoaO¡ngLackinIO
Iho gamo (L) ¿oL3 L4' ¿7c·L4
(¿7 L·co cOmosIO Iho samo
Ihing) a·L4,aIIorwhichL¦ack
oxchangosLishO¡sanO¡Iays
7 Ì
. íco,koo¡ingIho kingOuI1hon
nOIhing can¡rovonIIho marchOI
IhoLIackking IO co, IOIÌOwoOLy
IhoOccu¡atOnOI O4LyIhoknighI,
anOLIackhasmuchIho LotorOIiI
(c) ¿o a3' (LosI) lIb (¿o . . a4
¿7c4' L·c4 ¿bL·c4 anO \hIo
sIanOs LoIIor,
.
Or ¿o L·o3 ¬
¿ 7 l·o3 IOLOwoOLyL4,asin Iho
main l¡no) ¿7L4 (nOI
¿7 L·co í·co ¿bL4 a·L4
¿¬ a·L4 Ìa4 - L¦ack musILo
maOoIOca¡turo) L·o3
¿b l·o3 a·L4 (¿b a4`
¿¬c4) ¿¬a·L4,anO\hiIos
gamois¡orIoctIysaLsIacIOry,
IakmgaIL4wiIhIhoa·¡awn
insIoaOOIIhoc·¡awnkoo¡sIho
knighIOuIOIO4anO Ihis makosaL
Iho OitIoronco.
26 . . . aXb4 27 BXc5 NXc5
28 cXb4 Ne6 29 g3 Kf8
our¡rising,OnowOuIOox¡ocI
¿¬ . goaIOncohoro, anO oquaIÌy
\hiIowOuIOhavo LoonwoIÌ·
aOvisoOIO¡IaynOw 3U h4,
¡rovonIingIhoOangorOus¡Ian OI
IixíngIhoh·¡awnanO making
ahOIo atI4Ly . go, ho anO
. h4.
30 Ke3 g5(! ) 31 Bd1
íOw 3 l h4 wOuIO¦oavo Iho
h·¡awn¡oriIOus¦y woakaItor
3 l g·h4 3¿ g·h4 Ìt4 LuI
\híIomusIOO sOmoIhingtO sIO¡
Iho graOua¦cOnquosIOthís L¦ack
squarosLyIhomanOouvroOuII¡noO
aLOvo, sOho ¡ro¡aros IOsIir u¡
cOm¡IicaLOns LasoO On ¡Iayíng I4
3 1 . . . h5 32 Bb3 Nd4 33 f4
(Liagram3)
ÏI33LOÌ h4 34g·h4
(34 I4 h·g3 3o I·oo lo7' anO
\hiIohasnO OoconI mOvos, o. g.
3oLg4 íc¿¬, Or 3oa3 loo)
g·h4 3oI4 (OIhorwiso
Diagram 3
3o . . loo-I4) Io 3oa3 lo7 wíIh
LIackkoo¡ínghís aOvantago
33 . . . h4
1homOro rOutno 33 Io
34I ·go I ·go 3oLOÌ h4
3og·h4 g·h4 37a3 oIcís
unl¡ko¦ytO¦oaOIO OocisivorosuIIs
P¦IhOughIho knighIromains
a stOng¡ioco,Iho O¡oningOIIho
gamoho¦¡sIho LishO¡anO tho
LIack ¸·siOo ¡awns IixoO On whíIo
squaros cOu¦O LocOmoacausoIOr
cOncorn ÏnsIoaO LIack sooks
a cOmLinaIivo sOIuLOn
34 fXgS
1hisís IOrcoO 34I ·oo h·g3'
IoaOstO Iho samo¡OsitíOnas
monIíOnoOintho nOIotO \híIos
33rO mOvo,ín whích \hiIo hasnO
aOoquaIoOoIonco agaínst
lo7-oo oIc 34g·h4 g·I4¬
3olIZ is ¡ustasLaO, anO L¦ack
IhonhasanumLorOIwaysOI
wínníng,OIwhich 3o lg7
3o LOl lgo anO to ísthomOsI
OLviOus
34 . . . hXg3
\hiIo OOosnOIOaromOvol¡sking
anO LIacks chioIIhroaIissim¡IyIO
cOmo anO cOIIocI Iho l·síOo ¡awns
7Z
wíIhhís kmg oinco 3oLOÌ lg7
3o Lho lcZ¬ wiLnOIOO,tho
IOLOwing¡awn aOvancoís
cOm¡ulsOry
35 h4 Kg7 36 h5 f6
lOI 3o Io,LIackwishosIusIIO
woakonIho squarosIoanO ho,in
OrOorIOaIIack Iho ¡awnsmOro
oasJywiIhhisking
37 g6?
ÏI 37ho¬ lgo 3bg·Io l·Io
3¬ h7 lg7 4ULgb lhb
4Ì a3 lg7 wins Iho h·¡awn Ly
Zugzwang, anO 37g·Io¬ l·Io
3b Lgb lg7| 3¬ LL3 l·L3
4Ua·L3 lho 4l lI3 l·ho
4Zl·g3 lgo ¦oaOs tO aIata¦
Iurníng OI\hitos¡OsiIiOn
ÏOwovor, 3bLOl ínthísIasILno
IoaOstO unox¡octoOcOm¡IícaIiOns
asIOlIOws
(a) 3b lgo 3¬a3 (íI
3¬ LI3` lcZ¬ oIc ,LuInOI
3¬ l·I3 4U l·I3 l·ho
4l l·g3 lgo 4Za3 anOOraws' )
lho 4ULg4 lcZ¬ 4l lI3 l·a3
4Zl·g3 lcZ 43 LO7 l·L4
44lg4 anOin s¡iIoOIhís oxIra
maIoriaIIhoIhroaIOI 4o lIo
makosa winim¡OssiLIoIOr Llack,
o g 44 lcZ 4o L·co L4
(4o . lO4 4o L·Lo' )
4oLa4 lO4 47LOÌ wiIh a Oraw
(L) ÏI, intho oarIíor ¡artOIthis
variatiOn, L¦ack cOuIOIransIorIho
mOvo tO \híIo whonhís king ís at
go anOtho LishO¡isaIOl ,
howOuIOwínLy Zugzwang
ÏoIhoroIOro nooOs agOOOwaíting
mOvo, LuIknighImOvosalÌOw lI3
anOiI . lh4 atany ¡OinI, Iho
h·¡awnrunsIhrOugh1ho On¦y
wayIO IOsoamOvois LyIho kíng
manOouvro lh7-g7-ho anO,
ínOooO,iI\hitocOntnuosIO mOvo
LackwarOs anO IOrwarOs wíIhhis
LishO¡, Ihis canLoachiovoO -
VariaIiOn (a)u¡ IO 4ULg4 anO
Ihon4U lh7 4Ì LOÌ lg7
4¿a4 (4¿ Lg4 lho 43LOÌ lgo,
OriI 4¿LI3 lc¿ ¬) L·a4
43 L·a4 lho 44LOÌ lgo
4o LI3 lc¿¬ (4o l·I3`
4ol·I3 l·ho 47l·g3 lgo
4blI3 lh4 4¬lo3 lg3
oUlO3 lI4 o l lc4 On¦yOraws
nOw' ) 4o lO3 l·L4¬
47lc4 lc¿ 4blco lol anO
wins
(c) \hiIo,hOwovor, canavOiO
Ihís anOhOIO Iho ¡OsiIiOn Ly
koo¡inghís LishO¡mOro acLvo, as
inVaríaLOn (a). PIIor4U . lh7
4Ì LO7 lg7 4¿Lcb lc¿¬ (Or
4¿ lho 43 Lg4, IoaOíng IO a
Oraw again) 43lI3 l·a3
44 LO7 lc¿ 4ol·g3 l·L4
4olg4 anOwo aro Lackin
VariaIiOn (a)
PIIIhís isoxtomoIy OuIicuIIIO
sooOvorIhoLOarO,OIcOurso,anO
\hiIosOocisiOnIOkoo¡his¡awns
inIacIis IuIly unOorsIanOaLIo
37 . . . £5 38 eXf5 NX£5+?
VorynaIuraI, LuIíI OnÍyIoaOsIO
a Oraw. ´OrrocIis Iho romarkaLIo
3b o4'', as cOnIrO¦OII3Iurns OuI
IOLocríLcaI LLvíOusÍyOn¦y
LíshO¡mOvos aro ¡OssíL¦o, anO
LOIh 3¬ Loo anO 3¬LI7 IOso
quickIy,i. o 3¬LI7 lc¿¬
4Ulo¿ g¿ 4Ì lI¿ o3¬ oIc
¯horoIOro 3¬LOl l·Ib¬
4Ulo¿ lho 4 l lol lo3
4¿LL3 lOo 43a3
(43L·Oo c·Oo ishO¡oIossOrU
43 lI l lI4 44LOÌ g¿¬
4o lgÌ o3 IoaOsIO a¡OsíIiOnvory
simiIarIO Iho mainvariaLOn) lI4
44 LOÌ (44 Lc¿ g¿ 4o lI¿ o3¬
4o lgÌ o¿ wíns aI Onco) g¿
4o lI¿ o3¬ 4olgÌ o¿
73
47L·o¿ l·o¿¬ 4bl·g¿ lI4¬
4¬ lI3 l·ho oU lo4 l·go anO
LIack ¡usIhasonOughIO win aIIor
( l ) oÌ lO4 lI4 o¿ lco lOo
o3 l·co lc3 Or (¿) oÌ loo lIo
o¿lOo lOo,which tans¡Osos
inIO ( l )
39 Kf3 e4+
lOwIhisisnOIgOOOonOugh, as
\hiIohas mOro Iimo
40 Kg2 K6
4U . o3 4Ì lI3 lho
4¿ LOÌ l·ho 43 g7 l·g7
44 l·g3¬ lgo 4o lI3 lIo
4oa4' Ioavos OnIy aOraw LIack
maysIlIIa¡¡oarIO Lowinning,LuI
\hiIohas acÍovorOrawing ¡Ianin
minO, ox¡IOiIíng IhoknighIs shOrI
rango
41 Bdl ! Ne3+
¯horoisnOIhing oIso avalIaLIo
42 KXg3 NXdl (Líagram4)
43 a3! !
¯hisis Iho ¡OinI 43lI4 IOsosas
IOIIOws 43 o3 44 lI3 o¿
4ol·o¿ lc3¬ 4olO3 l·a¿
47lO4 l·L4 4blco lOo oIc
lOw,hOwovor,LIackísIoI|IO
OíscOvor,OOuLI¦ossIO his
annOyanco, IhaI43 . . lL¿
Diagram ÷
44 lI4 lc4 4b l·o4 l·a3
4olO4 lc¿¬ 47 lcb OnIy
Oraws lo Irios IOtinosso, LuI iIis
IOOIaIo
43 . . . Kg7 44 Kf4 e3
44 . . lc3 4blo3 lho 4olO4
GAME 20 \hiIo. ouIIIos Llack.1aI
aIsOIoaOsnOwhoro
45 Kf3 Kf6 46 Ke2 Nb2
47 KXe3 Nc4+ 48 Kd4 NXa3
49 Kc5 Nc2 50 KXc6 NXb4+
51 KXb5 Nd5
¼
-
¼
.
lasLngs, Ì ¬73·4 oiciIIan LoIonco
1 e4 c5 2 Nc3 e6 3 g3 d5
4 eXd5 eXd5 5 Bg2 Nf6
6 d4 cXd4 7 QXd4 Nc6
8 Qdl d4 9 Nce2 Bc5
10 Nf3 Bf5 1 1 0-0 0-0
12 Nf4 ReS 13 Nd3 Bb6
14 Bg5 h6 15 BXf6 QXf6
16 Nd2 Qg6 17 Nc4 Bc7
18 a4 Bg4 19 Bf3 Bh3
20 Rel Qf5 21 Bhl Re6
22 Qf3 Rae8 23 Q Xf5 B Xf5
24 BXc6 bXc6 25 RXe6 BXe6
26 Rel KfB 27 Nc5 Bf5
28 RXeB+ KXe8 (Liagram l )
¯hisonOing Ottors agOOO¡racIicaI
oxam¡Io OIhOwIwO LishO¡s carry
OutIho ¡rOcoss OIsIoaOiIyrosIricI·
ingIwOknighIs, unIJIhoy aro
Oo¡rivoO OIaLmOLiLIyIttho
knights aroIOsIanO anychancoin
suchan onOing, thoymusI¡Ossoss
sIrOngsu¡¡OrIoOOuI¡OstsnoarIho
conÞoÏntho ¡rosonIcaso,
hOwovor,thokníghIOn cbis unaLIo
IO manIainhis aOvancoO¡OsiIiOn,
anOsOho anO hiscOIIoaguoaro IOr
IhoIimoLoingcOnIínoOtOIho
roIativoIy ¡assivosquaros O3 anO
c4 lOroOvor, tho a¡¡rOachOIIho
LIackkingwiIIsOOnIOrcoIho Ono
Onc4stIIIurIhorLack.
29 Nd3
1ho aIIornatvo waysOIcOvoring
Iho c·¡awnaro aIsO unsausIacIOry
74
Ìt ¿¬la3 LOo 3UlO3 (Or
3U lL3 L·a3 3l L·a3 L·c¿
3¿ l·O4 L·a4) L·a3
3 Ì L·a3 L·O3 anOIho ¡awn
onOingís hO¡oIossIyIOsIII
¿¬ c3 O·c3 3UL·c3 lo7
3Ì lI I LLo 3¿l·Lo
(3¿lo3 Lh3 ¬) a·Lo
33 lL3 Lc¿ anO wins,iIhoro
3Ì lao` LO3 3¿l·c7 L·c4,
tra¡¡ingIhoknighI,Orit
3 Ì lL3 Lc¿ 3¿lcb (Or
3¿ lcO¿ Lob 33 c4 Lc3, again
winning maIoriaI) LLo
33 lo3 L·cb 34l·c¿ lOo
anO Iho kmg ra¡iOÍyinvaOos Iho
¸·siOo
29 . . . Kd7 30 Kf 1
Diagram Ì
3Ulcb¬ lo7 3 Ì lO3 loo IoaOs
IO ¡OsiLOnssimiIarIO Iho gamo
30 . . . KeG 31 Ke2 Kd5 32 b3 .
¯hisìsnocossaryLocauso
3¿ lO¿ cb, tOIIOwoOLy . ab anO
. c4 wOulOLoovonmOro
rosIricLvo
32 . . . c5
1akingIho¡rOcossOIcOnIinìngIho
knighIs asIo¡turIhor 1ho squaro
L4is IakonunOorcOnIrOI, sOIhaI
Llacks kingis nOwIirm¦y
onIronchoOin Iho conIro, anOho
inIonOs Lcb anO Lao, Oriving
Iho knighIs righI Lack
33 £3 (Lìagram¿)
ÏIho|ustwaiIs LymOvmg his
knighI LackwarOsanOIOrwarOs,
LlackLroaksIhrOugh wìIh
33lO¿ Lcb 34 lc4 Lao
3b lcL¿ LOo 3olO¿ c4
37L·c4¬ L·c4 3bl·c4 l·c4
anO nOw (a) 3¬l mOvos lL4,
(L) 3¬lOÌ lc3 4Ulcl La3¬
4Ì lLÌ (4Ì lOÌ Io anO\hiIo
musIyìolO) lO¿ anO invaOosIho
l·sìOo ÌI\hiIo Irios 3b lOL¿ Lab
3olO3 LoÌ 37t3 (37lo¿ Lc3
lOsosmaIoriaI) Ib 3blOI L·c4¬
3¬L·c4¬ lco 4Ulo¿ LL4,ho
Diagrm <
7b
sOOn¦Ososhsa·¡awn Ly
lLo-ab, anO ìIIhon lL¿ Lc3,
lOÌ LaÌ oIc1hogonoral¡OinIIO
nOIomIhosovariaLOnsisIhaILIack
mustLo¡ro¡aroOtO oxchango Ono
OIhìs LishO¡s IO mako¡rOgross
33 . . . BcB 34 Nd2 £5 35 £4
1rying IO socuro asIrOng¡Ointin
IhoconLo, OIhorwisohowiL
inoviIaLIy goIinIO Ono OIIho LaO
linos givon aLOvo
35 . . . BaG 3G N£3 BdG
1his¡ro¡aros . c4Ly sIO¡¡ing
IhoknighIchock atL4,anOis
LoIIorIhan Lab,Locausoobìs
aIsOko¡tunOor sOmocOnIrOI
37 Nh4
LivorIingIhoLishO¡ lassìvo
OotoncoagamÍoavos\hìIoìngroaI
IrOuLÍo,o g. 37 lO¿ (Or
37 lO¿ c4 3bL·c4 L·c4
3¬ lIob L·O3 4Ul·O3 lc4)
c4 3b L·c4 L·c4 3¬ l·c4
(OIhorwisoIho a·¡awnis woak
anyway anO LIackkoo¡shis
LishO¡s) l·c4 oIc
37 . . . BcB 38 N£3 c4
39 Nb2 cXb3 40 cXb3 BaG+
\iIhIhoO¡onìng OIIho¡OsiLOn
Iho LishO¡sroaI!yLoginIO shOw
IhoirIooIh,os¡ociaLysincoIhoy
nOw havoa ¡assoO ¡awnIOO.
\hiIohasLttlo chOìco LuIIO ¡¦ay
ìntOtho solI·¡in, asIhis ¡awnmusI
Lo LIOckaOoO atalÌcOsIs.ÏttOr
oxam¡Io 4Ì lO¿ LL4¬
4¿ lc¿ lo4 wiIhtromonOOus
¡rossuro, it 4Ì lt¿ La3
4¿ lOÌ LO3 43loÌ Lo4
44lt3 Lc¿,aIroaOy wìnning
a¡awnanOkoo¡ingIho knighIs
IioOu¡
41 Nd3 Ke4
lrOLaLIyIho soaloO mOvo,IOrcing
\hìIosro¡IyanO avOiOing
a cOmmìtIaImOvo}usILoIOroIho
aO|OurnmonI
42 Nd2+ KdS 43 N£3
(Liagram 3) Be7
ÏavingmaOoIhomaximums¡aco
gainsinIhoconIroanO OnIho
¸·siOo,LIackIOOksrOunOIOr
a chancoIO O¡onanOIhorIrOnt
1hisisIy¡ìcaIOtsuch casos, Iho
knighIshavo |usI onOughrosOurcos
IO koo¡ thokingOutOIo4, LuItho
croaIiOnOIturIhor¡ÍayLy . gb
wÙ sLotchthoirOoIonsivoca¡aciIy
IOLroaking·¡Oint
44 h4
PnOthor woaknoss,LuIhohasIiIIIo
chancoOIOOinganyIhìng cOnsIruc·
Iìvo 1hoLìshO¡s aro ovon¡rovont·
ìnghim trOm Occu¡ymg ob, anO ìt
houn¡ìns Ly 44lO¿,Ihon
44 lo4 4b lOob (Or
4b ltob L·O3 4ol·O3 lI3)
LL4¬ anOIhoro is ¡rociOusIìIIIoIO
sIO¡IhoaOvanco OIIhoO·¡awn.ÏI
insIoaO (44lO¿ lo4) 4b lIo l ,
LIackhas4b L·O3 4ol·O3
anO Ihon achOicoLotwoon
4o gbanO IhoimmoOiaIo
invasiOn4o lI3
44 . . . g6 45 NeS gS 46 hXgS
\hitohassovoraIchOicoshoro,
whichnooO IOLooxaminoOin
OotmI
(a) ´a¡IuringOncoanOmaking
a ¡assoO¡awn - 4oI ·gb h·gb
47hb lo4 4b lO¿ (Or
4bho Lto 4¬ lc4 ���. whon
LIackis sIO¡¡ingtho h·¡awn
cOmtOrtaLÍy anOwLIsOOnmako
anOthor ¡assoO ¡awn OthisOwn)
L·O3 4¬ l·O3 lI3
.
bUlob¬ l·g3 b l ho Lto
b¿ lI7 I4 anO wins
(L) 4ot ·gb h·gb 47 lI3 g4
anOnOw (i) 4blob LOo,wìnning
aIIoasIa¡awn, (i¡) 4b lgb L·gb
4¬h·gb I4' (nOI4¬ lo4
7o
Diagram 3
bUgo' ) bUgo (bU lO¿ L·O3
b Ì l·O3 t ·g3) loo bÌ g·I4 g3
b¿ lI3 L·O3 b3 l·g3 L·go
anOwìns, (uì) 4blO¿ LOo
4¬lIÌ wìIh avory¡assivo ¡OsiIiOn
(c) 4ot ·gb h·gb 47 lgo lo4
4bl·o7 L·O3¬ 4¬lO¿ g·h4
bU g·h4 I4 bÌ hb I3 b¿loÌ lI4
b3 lI¿ Lo4 b4L4 O3 anO wins
(O) 4olI3 g·h4
47g·h4 L·h4' 4bl·h4 lo4
anOwìns
46 . . . hXgS 47 fXgS
ÏI 47 lt3 g4 4blO¿ LL4 anO
\hiIoisIOrcoO IO surronOor
a ¡awn atOncoLy 4¬ lc4, any
OIhorknìghImOvoIOsing a ¡ìoco
Ly4¬ lo4. 1horotOro thoknighI
wOuÍOhavoIOgOtO obOr gb
atmOvo 4b, viz 4b lgb LL4'
4¬lI7 L·O3¬ bUl·O3 LoÌ
b Ì lho loo b¿ l·O4 L·g3
b3 lo3 Lh¿' b4L4 g3
bb lI3 g¿ bol·g¿ L·t4
b7 l·tb l·Ib bbLb Lc7 anO
wìns
1ho socOnO¡awnoxchango
OOos nOIim¡rOvo\hiIos
¡rOs¡ocIs much, anOtho
cOnsísIoncy OIIho aLOvoanaIysis
Diagram ÷
¦oaOs OnoIOtooIIhaIhowas¦OsI
whaIovorhooO
47 . . . B XgS 48 b4 (Liagram4)
1hisis IhocriLcaILno,IOrcingL¦ack
tOcOmoIO aOocisíOn1ho Iurthor
O¡oning OtIho ¡OsiIiOn has again
ìncroasoOtho LishO¡s scO¡o anO
anyIhing o¦sowOuIO¡rOvoovon
wOrso ÌI 4blI3 Lo3 4¬lO¿ (Or
4¬loÌ lo4 bUL4 Lc4 anO
\hiIowiIILo¦uckynOIIO ¦Oso
a ¡ioco) L·O3¬ bUl·O3 L·O¿
b l l·O¿ ab' b¿lO3 lcb anO
wins
48 . . . BXd3+
LnoLishO¡i snOwmOrotÌan
oquaI IO IhoIask
49 NXd3 Be7 50 bS BdG 51 aS
P Oos¡oraIo aIIom¡I IO croaIo
a ¡assoO ¡awn, as Ihoro ìsnO
aOoquaIoway OI OoIonOìngtho
g·¡awnÏI bl lI3 lc4 anO tho
¡awnsaro sOOn gOLLloO u¡, whi¦o
b Ì lI4¬ L·t4 b¿ g·I4 lc4
b3lO¿ lL4 loaOsIO aIOss aIIor
b4 lO3 l·a4 bb l·O4 l·Lb
bo lob ab b7l·Ib a4 bbloo
(bb lgo a3 b¬Ib a¿ oUIo aÌ /¸
o l t7 ¸hb) a3 b¬tb a¿
oU Io aÌ /¸ oÌ I7 ¸a3
51 . . . BXg3 52 Nb4+ KcS
53 NcG aG 54 Kd3 Bf2 55 Na7
1hoOn¦ywayIOkoo¡thogamo
aLvo,\híIo stiIIhasaIowtra¡s¦oII
55 . . . aXb5 56 aG b4 (nOI
bo lLo b7l·Lb) 57 NbS
ÏI b7lcb lco bba7 lL7
b¬ lc4 I4,wíIhsimiIar variatìOnsIO
IhOsointÌonoxtnOIo
57 . . . KbG 58 a7 Kb7 59 NdG+
b¬lc4 ìsnOLotIorinIhoIOngrun.
b¬ . 14 oU l·L4 I3 anO thon
oiIhor ol lc4 Lo3 o¿ lO3 I¿
o3 lo¿ O3¬ o4lI Ì LO4' anO
wins,Or ol lOo¬ l·a7
o¿ lc4 Lo3 o3 lo4 t¿
o4lg3 lLo,winningLy aking
invasíOnLocauso\hitowì¦Inovor
LoaLIo IO ca¡IurooitÌor¡awn
saIo¦y
59 . . . KXa7 60 NXfS b3
61 NdG KbG 62 Nc4+ KbS 0- 1.
GAME 21 \hìIo ÏIacnik LIack ´oLor
oOchí, Ì ¬77
1 c4 gG 2 Nc3 Bg7 3 d4 N£6
4 e4 dG 5 N£3 0-0 6 Be2 eS
7 0-0 NcG 8 dS Ne7 9 Ne l Nd7
10 Nd3 fS 1 1 Bd2 NfG
12 f3 Kh8 13 Re 1 cS 14 g4 Bd7
15 N£2 Neg8 16 Kl f4
77
17 b4 bG 18 NbS aG
19 Na3 Nee 20 Rbl Qh4
21 Bel hS 22 Nd3 QfG
23 h3 hXg4 24 hXg4 NhG
25 bXcS bXcS 26 RbG Qd8
27 Rb2 BfG 28 Kg2 Bh4
Diagram Ì
29 R1 BXe1 30 QXe1 Kg7
31 Qh4 QXh4 32 RXh4
(Liagram l )
LIackhaswrOng¦y¡ormìtIoO an
oxchangoOIquoonsinthoIasttow
mOvos, as arosu¦IOtwl:chhis
aI|ackìngchancoshavo¦argoIy
Oìsa¡¡oaroOanOho ìs ¦oItwith
a OisaOvantagoìn \hitos cOnIrO¦
OtIho L·ho ÏirsIOta¦I, thon, \hito
usos this tuo IO aItack tho woak a·
anOO·¡awns
32 . . . N£7 33 R 1 N£6 34 Rb6
\hìIohas stiLIOLo caroIuI OnIho
l·sìOo, itho thrOwsovorythìngintO
hìsOwn aItackLy 34lhLÌ , hosI즦
cannOIavOìO an oxchango OtrOOks
attor 34 lhb 3b lLo lh7,
aimìngtOOOuLIorOOkswithmaung
throaIs LiIhor 3olhÌ Or
3o lLb lhb wOuIO thon Lo
nocossary,¦oaOingintO sOmothing
IìkodoacIua¦gamo
34 . . . Rfb8
34 lhb ¦OsosmatoriaILy
3b l·hb l·hb 3o l·cb oIc
35 Rb1 RXb6 36 RXb6 Ne8
oìnco ab aIany¡OìntwOu¦O
alIOwlLbanOIhoa¡¡oarancoOt
a ¡assoO¡awnìIIhìs knìghI is
7b
ca¡IuroO, L¦ackìstom¡OrariIy
cOnOomnoOIO ¡assivo OoIonco,
whì¦ohisO¡¡OnontrogrOu¡s anO
OociOos hOwIO ìncroaso Iho
¡rossuro
37 Bd1
ÌnIonOingIO¡onoIraIo vìa a4. ¯o
aIIornatìvo OI 37 lc Ì , ¡IanningtO
roachab anO cowìththo knìghI,
cOu¦OLomoILy 37 La4( ' ) anOiI
3blL3 L·L3 3¬a·L3 ltb
4Ulc¿ lIo 4l L4 lO7 4¿lL7
(Or 4¿ lco lo7 43Lb a·Lb
44c·Lb lLb anO LIackisquito
saIo) lobÏI\hitothon¡orsists
with 43 Lb`, ho gotsinIOtrOuLIo
atIor43 . . lOb 44lc7 a·Lb
4b c·Lb la¿ 4o LOl
(4o LO3 lLo' ovoncOsIshìm
a ¡ìoco) lL¿,winnìng a ¡awn Ìt
ìnstoaO 3¬ l·L3 ltb 4UlL7 (Or
4UlLo lOb,whìchIrans¡Osos)
lto 4l LOÌ lOb 4¿lLo lo7
tO¦¦OwoOLy lO7,oquaLsing
37 . . . N£6 38 Nb 1 Ne8
39 Nc3 N£6 (Lìagram¿)
\hìIonOwhasIOOocìOowhìch
¡ioco tO oxchango ata4 anO whìch
OnoIO roIaìn Ln tho surIacoIho
¡OtonLa¦¦y LaO LishO¡shOu¦O Lo
Diagram <
IhovicLm (4ULa4), LuIOnIho
OIhor hanO, aHor 4U la4 L·a4
4Ì L·a4 iImighIIum OuIquiIo
aros¡ocIaLlo¡iocowiIhsuch
squarosas coanO L7 avmlaLlo
¯horoisaturIhorcOnsíOoraIiOn,
whichmighIoasilyLoOvorlOOkoO,
íns¡iIoOIa¡¡oarancos, Llacks
l·siOoaIIackis nOIyoIOvoranOho
hasavoryOangorOussacriIicoOI
a kníghIIOrIwO¡awnsmIho air ÏI
\hiIos¡iocosgoIIOO invOlvoO On
hisloIIIÌank, ho mayIinOIhaIho
hasOn¦yhís king loIIIO sIO¡an
avalanchoOI onomy ¡awns
loOucingIhosoiOoasIO cOncroIo
variaLOns mOícaIosIhaILOIh mOvos
givovory gOOOwinn¡ngchancos
LuIIhaIIOr¡racIicaÌ¡ur¡Osos
4ULa4ismuchsim¡loranOloss
risky, o. g .
4ULa4 L·a4 (4U . . la7
4Ì gb' lh7 4¿ L·O7 l·O7
43 l·ao lh·gb 44 a4,wíth
lLb íI roquiroO, wOu¦O Lovory
OangorOus,whiÌo4l . . l·gb
4¿ l·Oo wOuÌO Lo ovonwOrso,
tinalIyIhosacriIico4U L·g4
4Ì I·g4 l·g4 4¿lOÌ lhd
43LO7 lÌ¿¬ 44lgÌ wOulOLo
quiIounsOunO) 4Ì l·a4 la7
(nocossarymalIIhosovariaLOns,
whichovor¡iocoís oxchangoOaI
a4,íI4Ì . lO7 4¿lL7 with
lLoanO la7 tO IO¦IOw, OriI
4Ì lh7 4¿ lL7 lgb
43lLo lOd 44la7 lIo 4blI¿'
sIO¡¡ing any sacríIicoanOwiIh
4o l·ao IOIO¦lOw) ÏInOw
4¿ lcÌ lh7 43 lL3 lhgb
44lab l·I3 4bl·t3 lgb¬
4o lo¿ l·o4 47 lL7 anOIho
winOIIho O·¡awnwiIlLoOocisívo
aItor, say, 47 . lg3¬ 4dlI3 gb
4¬l·Oo lnIho acIua¦gamo, as
yOuwi¦lsoo,thísLlackknighthas

muchmOroscO¡o,LuIhoro IÌo
sacriIicois cloarÌy unsOunO
ÏOwovor,LlackisLy nOmoans
OLugoOIO sacriIico anO aIIor
4¿ lO7 43lco lLd
44lcd lL 7 ho romains quíIo saIo
(iIhoro 43lLÌ LlackwOulO¡in
Ly . lL7 aIIorIhosuLsoquonI
lL3) 1horoIOro\hiIomusIlOOk
IOrsOmoim¡rOvomonIOn 4¿lc Ì
anOho IinOsiIin his Own¡ioco
sacritico 4¿la·cb' O·cb
43 l·cb,whichis|usIuíoOLyIho
groaIoracIíviIyOtIho whiIo ¡iocos
su¡¡OrIing tho¡assoO¡awns 1ho
IclIOwmg aro sOmo sam¡lo
varíaLOns
(a) 43 . lOd 44lLd lI7
4b loo¬ lh7 4ocb lO7
47 lcd anOLlackhasnO gOOO
mOvosloII
(L) 43 . ab 44 loo¬ lÌ7
4b cb lO7 4olLb,whichisvory
similar IO (a)
(c) 43. . lod 44loo¬ lho
4b cb lc7 4olId wiIhamaIo
IhroaIanO Oo-O7IOIIOwing
(O) 43 lgb 44l·ao lg·o4
4b I ·o4 l·o4 4ocb lI7
(4o lO¿ 47co wínsaIOnco, Or
iI4o . . lIo 47 co anO Ihon Oo)
47co lOo 4dc7 lcd
4¬lLd l·ao (4¬ lOo
bUlOd) bUl·cd l·a¿ ¬
bÌ lI3 lc¿ b¿Oo anOwins.
(o) 43 . lO7 44l·O7
(44 l·ao ís a¦sO gOOO) l·O7
4b cb (nOI 4bl·ao lc7
4o la4 lOo) lc7 (Or4b . lOd
4oco lc7 47lLd, Or4b . ab
4oa4, anOLlackcannOIOO LoIIor
Ihan4o . . lc7) 4oco, tOllOwoO Ly
Ihowin OtIho a·¡awnanO Ihroo
vory gOOO ¡awnstOrIho knighI(iI
4o la7 47lL7 lad
4dOo lto 4¬ O7 lo7
bUc7 l·O7 b l lLb)
LvoninthoLosIOIthoso
variatiOns LIacks Orawing chancos
arosIim
40 Na4 BXa4 41 BXa4 Ra7
Pgainnocossary, attor 4l lh7
4¿lL7 lgb 43 Lco wOu¦O
OLIigo himIO aLanOOn Iho a·¡awn
aIOnco
42 Ncl Nh7!
lro¡aring tho cOuntor¡¦ay \hiIo
nOw ¡rOcooOs tulI·¡acowiIhhis
¸·siOo aIIack anO aLOwsIhoknighI
sacritico ¯ho variaIiOns thoroatIor
arovory OitticuIIIO caIcu¦aIo anO ho
oviOont¦y OiO nOta¡¡rociaIo|usI
hOwOangorOusIhosiIuaIiOn wOu¦O
Lo, LIack, OnIho OIhorhanO, is
tOrcoOtOtry tho sacriIicoOrIOso
graOuaIIy On Iho ¸·siOo
Ptthis ¡Oint\hito may¡rovont
Iho cOunIor¡IayinIwOways
¸ l ) 43lO3 lhgb 44lt¿ with
aIikoIy Oraw sinco aItack anO
OoIoncoLa¦ancooachOthorOn
LOth wings,Iho whiIo rOOkanO
LishO¡LoingunaLIo IO achiovo
anythingin cOmLinaIiOn
(¿) 43 Lc¿ (hO¡ingtOrlL3-ab
oIc,itLIackcOntinuos with
43 lhgb) lto' anO \hiIo can
oiIhorro¡oaILy 44 La4 Or¡¦ay
44lL3 lO7 4blco lLb
4olcd lL7 whon,hOwovor, Iho
Ois¡¦acomonIOIhisrOOkhas cOsI
him aIl his aOvantago
43 Bc6 Nhg5
laving¡ormiItoOIhismOvo, \hiIo
nOw hasIO mako a chOico LoIwoon
throo cOnLnuaIiOns whichvary, sO
tO s¡oak, intho oxIonttO which
Ihoy acknOw¦oOgoIho strongth
LohinO LIacksatIack lo may
¸ l ) ÏgnOroLIackanO gO right
ahoaOLy oxchanging rOOks anO
soizingIho a·¡awn (tho acIua¦
bU
chOico)1O OO Ihisho must cOmmit
LOIhminOr¡iocostOIho ¸·siOo
(¿) LxchangorOOks, LuIkoo¡
Iho knighttOOotonOIho l·siOo
againsILIackssacriIico
(3) loo¡rOOks OnIhoLOarO, in
Ihoox¡ocIatiOnthaIhis Own Ought
IOLosu¡oriOr, LOIhIOrattack anO
Ootonco
lO 3aLOvowOuIOnOw cOntinuo
Ly 44 lL3 (44 LL7 ab wOu¦O
Irans¡Oso)atIorwhichho wilI
ovonIuaLy win maIoriaI, iIIotI
unOisturLoO, sO LIackmust
sacritico
44 . ab 4ba4 l·t3
4ol·t3 lgb ¬ 47lg¿ l·o4
4blLb (4blL7 ¬ is Iho samo as
Iho gamo, anOit 4b LL7 lc3)
lc3 4¬l·ab (4¬l·ab l·Lb
bUc·Lb l·ab bl Lo wOu¦OLo
gOOO,Lut L¦ack is nOI OLIigoO IO
Iakotho rOOk)anO nOwiI
4¬ lo7`' nOt bUlab o4
bÌ ab I3¬ b¿ lt ¦ o3 anO L¦ack
wins, LuI bUl·cb' O·cb (OIhor·
wiso loo¬) bl Oo anO\hito
musIwin 1horotOro L¦ack musI
oxchangorOOks - 4¬ l·ab
bUl·ab o¬ bÌ lL3 ' (in Iho
gamo ¡OsiIiOnthis knighIis nOw
marOOnoOat co) t3¬ (Orb l o3
b¿ lt3 o¿ b3 lI¿ t3
b4 lO¿ lO¦ ¬ bb lo¦ anOwins)
b¿ lg3 lOl b3lO¿ t¿
b4 lI ¦ o3 bblt3 anO wins
44 lL3 wOu¦Oa¡¡oarIO win,
Ihon, anO thoroLy jusIity \hiIos
tOrIiothmOvo as woI¦as his OocisiOn
tOa¦IOwtho LIackatIack lnsIoaOho
nOwIOrcostho ¡acoOnIho ¸·siOo
anO shOu¦OnOIroaIIyhavo
succooOoO
44 Rb7 RXb7 45 BXb7 aS
(Liagram3) 46 a4?
1hisis Iho¡artingOtthoways\ith
Iho mOvo¡IayoO\hiIo winsIho
a·¡awn, LuIaIIOws aIorrìIicattack
PnalysisinOicaIosIhaIIhis was
a wrOngOocìsìOn,whichshOuIO
havoIOsI, thoaIIomatìvoLoìng
4o lO3,whonLIack OOosnOIhavo
IO sacriIìcosincohis ¸·siOoìsnOw
saIo ÏOwovor,itho OOos, wohavo
4o l·I3 47l·I3 lgb¬
4blo¿ (4b lg¿ ¡ormits Iho
OangorOus lO¿ laIor) l·o4
anOnOw 4¬a3 (Or 4¬lcÌ )
lIo-gboIc.wOuIOLoIOO ¡assivo,
sO 4¬lI¿,aLanOOningIhoIhirO
¡awnÏIIhon 4¬ . lc3¬
bU lO3 l·a¿ bÌ lo4 IavOurs
\hìIo, sOIho LosIis 4¬ l·I¿
bU l·I¿ lto (nOIbU o4`
b Ì gb' IOIlOwoOLyLco-a4-c¿,
wìnningLOIh¡awns) bÌ lI3 wìIh
alìkoly Orawas \hito Oaro nOI
Ioavo tho ¡assoO ¡awnsìn OrOorIO
¡onoIraIoviaa4
46 . . . NX£3! 47 KX£3 Ng5+
48 Kg2
ÏI 4b lo¿ l·o4 4¬lO3 lIo
bU lt¿ l·t¿ b l l·t¿ o4' (LIack
isaIom¡O ahoaOIhìsIimo)anO
\hiIois inIrOuLlo,IacingIho IhroaI
OI lob-O4Ïthoro 4¬ lL3 lIo
Diagram 3
bl
b Ul·ab lgb b l Lcb (Or
b Ì lI3 lc3 anO . o4IOIOIIOw)
lh4 wiIhIhowinnìngIhroaIOt
. lg3,o g b¿ lt3 lgb¬
b3 lI¿ o4 b4lL3 (Or
b4 lL7 o3 ¬ bb lo¿ lg3
bo l·Oo I3¬ anO wìns) o3¬
bb lo¿ lg3 boab lo4'
b7 ao I3¬ bbl·o3 I¿
b¬a7 tl/¸ oUab/¸ ¸I3mato
4blg¿mayhavoLoonOosignoO
IO¡rovonIIhiskingmarch,LuIOI
cOursohis kingis nOIwoL¡lacoO
horotOhOIO OItIho o·¡awn
48 . . . K£6 49 Nb3 N Xe4
50 NXa5 Nd2
1ho LosIsquaro, Locausoit
¡rovonIsthorotum OtIho whiIo
knighI 1ho IacIIhaI LOIh whiIo
¡iocosaro nOw marOOnoO LoyOnO
Iho ¡awnchaìnanOIhoiraIIom¡Is
IO goILackaro Iho chiotIoaIuros OI
intorosIin Iho rosI OIIho gamo
51 Nc6 e4 52 K£2
ÏOrcoO,iI b¿ ab o3 b3 ao I3¬
b4 lg3 I¿ bba7 I Ì /¸ anOLIack
matos in throo mOro mOvos 1ho
¡OsiIìOnis nOw criIical anO Llack
gOos wrOnginIho cOm¡IicaIìOns,
LuIiIisinIorosIìngIO s¡oculatoOn
whaIho missoO b¿ l·c4 ìs
cIoarly IOOsIOwagainsI b3ab,sO
IhochOicoIaLsLotwoonb¿ lgb,
¡lanning l3anO lI4,anOtho
mOro OLviOus b¿ o3¬
PIIorb¿ o3¬ b3lo¿ wocan
assumoIhaIho sawIho cOrrocI
knightmanOouvro,viz b3 . lL3' ,
IOOisIOOgoIho king ÏIIhon
b4 ab lc̬ bb lt3 (Or bb loÌ ,
lOl Or lI l , t3anO lO3(¬)
musIwin - Iho ¡awnsaro much
IOOIasI) o¿ bolt¿ I3 anOwins
with lO3 ¬
\hiIohasaLoIIor OoIonsivo Iry,
hOwovor, Ly b4 lI3, saving
a Iom¡O,Ihonb4 . lcÌ
( b4 . . lO4¬ lOOks gOOO,LuIaIIor
bb l·O4 c·O4 bo cb' aIÌOwstho
LishO¡IOIako¡arI againviaao)
bbgb¬' l·gb bolob anOIho
knighI cannOI LoIakon inviow OI
(bo . . O·ob) b7Oo o¿ bblI¿
anOthoLishO¡nOw stO¡s . t3,
LIackmusIIhon ¡ormitoithor O7Or
abwiIhIaIalcOnsoquoncos.
ÏOwovor, bo lIb| ,IhroaIoning
sim¡IyIOIako wiIh Iho king, is
gOOOonOughIOwin, b7lg4 is
IOrcoOanO thon b7. . o¿
bbLcb¬ lgb bulI¿ t3 IOrcos
a ¡awnIhrOugh 1his Iino¡OinI
maywoIÌLowhaI´oIÌorOvor·
IOOkoO
52 . . . Kg5(?) 53 aS
Ït b3lob` O·ob b4Oo lIo
bb ab l·c4 bo ao loo, onOing
u¡wiIhIOuroxIra ¡awns,which
wOulO¡rOvoIOOsIrOngIOrtho
LishO¡ lOwLIackagain Iacos
a LowilOoring mazo OIvariaLOns,
his chOicoisLoIwoon b3 . l·c4,
b3 . o3¬ anOb3 . I3,anOIhis
IimoIho wrOng OocisiOn wìlILo
tatal ÏìrsIOtaIItho ¡awngraL wiIÌ
nOt sutIico
b3 l·c4 b4ao lLo
(b4. I3 Irans¡OsosinIOIhogamo,
whiIo b4 o3¬ bblt3 lLo
boa7 c4 b7ab/¸ l·ab
bb L·ab IOlIOwoO Ly lO4wins
IOr\hiIo, OrUhoro bb . lO¿¬
bolo¿ lc4 b7 a7 lLo
bbab/¸ l·ab b¬L·ab l·g4
oUlob¬' lg3 ol lI3 anO wìns,
o g. oÌ . c4 o¿ Lco c3
o3 La4 lg4 o4Lc¿ gb obLgo'
Zugzwang) bb a7 anO nOw.
(a)bb . l·g4 bolob¬ O·ob
b7 Oo wins, OrìI bo . ltb b7 lc4.
(L)bb .l3 bolob' O·ob
b7 Oo lIo (b7 . lI4 bbL·o4)
b¿
bbL·o4 loo b¬l·I3 l·Oo
oUab/¸ anO wins
(c) bb . c4 boab/¸ l·ab
b7 L·ab c3 bblO4 l·g4
b¬Lco gb oULa4 anOwms, i. o
(i)oU I3 oÌ Lc¿ lI4
o¿ loo¬ lIb o3lo3 g4
o4L·o4¬ lob oblO4 I¿
oolco¬, (u)oU o3¬
o l lg¿ o¿ (OroÌ . lh4 o¿ lI3,
wiIhlo¿cOmìng) o¿lI3 lIb
o3lO4¬ anOwins
ÏIIurnsOuIIhaI b3 . o3¬ is
cOrroct,|ustas Ontho ¡roviOus
mOvo, Locauso LÍack has Iho samo
¡OworIuI knìghImanOouvro
avauaLIo.
b3 o3¬ b4 lo¿ lL3 anO
nOw\hìIomustLrìnghis knight
Lack. bb lob' (it ob ao, lc l¬
wins, as shOwnoarLor) l·ab (Iho
knIghI cannOtLoIakon,iI
bb . . O·ob boOo l·ab
b7LOb lIo bbgb¬ is avory noat
Iinìsh, whiÌo bo lO4¬ is nO
LoIIorinIhoIOngrun,o. g
b7loÌ I3 - Or b7 . . lto
bbO7 lo7 b¬ao I3 oUL·I3 -
bbL·I3 l·t 3¬ b¬lOl lO4
oUao lco o l O7) anO\hìIo has
nOIhingLoIIorIhan bolI7¬ lto
b7 l·Oo lob (nOI b7 . lo7`
bblcb¬ lOb b¬Lao)
bblI7¬ lIo b¬lOb PtIhis ¡OìnI
b¬ . . lL3' Oraws, LutnOIhingoÍso
wiL OO - ìI b¬ lo7Or lob
oUlco¬ OriI b¬ . l·c4
oUloo PI|or b¬ TL3 oUloo
(Or oUOo lO4¬ oÌ loÌ I3 anO
\hìIomustsacriIicohìs LishO¡,
Ioaving aOraw) lc̬ oÌ lI3 o¿
o¿ lI¿ I3 o3l·cb lob' o4 Oo
loaOs tO aIOrcoO OrawLy
o4 l·Oo obL·I3 oIc
1homOvochOsonlOsosLocauso
LIacksIhroaIOIking¡onoIraLOn
Diagram ÷
hasnO romLíIo. (lrosumaL¦ytimo·
IrOuLIoíntorvonoOhoro,IhosocOnO
cOnIrOILoing aImOvobo )
53 . . . f3? (Liagram4)
54 Ne7 NXc4
´Ioar¦yhís OnIy chanconOw
55 a6 Nb6 56 Nc8!
luchLoIIorIhan boa7 c4
b7lcb (b7 ab/¸`` l·ab
bbL·ab c3 anO LIackwms) c3
bbl·Lo c¿ b¬ab/¸ cÌ /¸,
whonthowinisLynOmoans
corIaininviowOIIhoLIack quoons
soríOus IhroaIs
56 . . . c4
1hoking cant hoI¡ nOw,ít
bo l·cb b7L·cb lI4
bba7 o3¬ b¬loÌ lg3 oULao
sIO¡sIho¡awnsoasiIy,OriI
bo lI4 b7l·Lo o3¬
bblol lg3 b¬lc4(-O¿)
57 NXd6!
b7 l·LowOuIOIoaOIO tho samo
¡rOLIoms asLoIOro ÏnstoaOho
roIurns Iho¡íocoIO cIoarIhings u¡
57 . . . Kf4 58 NXe4 KXe4
b3
Diagram b
59 d6+ (Liagram b) Ke5
Lr b¬ lt4,whon oUL·I3 is
sIraighIIOrwarO onOugh, i. o
oU. . c3 oÌ lo¿, aLanOOninghis
LishO¡ Locauso Iho¡awns a¦Ono
wiL LoaIIho kníght ÏOwovor,
oUa7 isnoaIor,aIIoroU . c3
oÌ ab/¸ l·ab o¿O7 c¿
o3Ob/¸ cÌ /¸ o4¸Io¬ l·g4
ob L·I3¬, LIackís maIoO
60 KXf3 KXd6 61 a7 Ke5
62 Ke3{?)
LOOIhaI\hiIoshOuIO avOiOtho
sím¡Io o¿ ab/¸ l·ab o3 L·ab,
IO¦IOwoOLyLo4ÏOwovor,ho OnIy
oxIonOsIho gamo Lya tow mOvos
Ihisway
62 . . . c3 63 Bf3
lOw ho musILocaroIulnOIIOIOso
his¦asI¡awnLy o3 ab/¸` l·ab
o4L·ab c¿ oblO¿ lI4
63 . . . c2 64 Kd2 Kf4
65 Be2 NaB 66 KXc2 Ke3
67 BaG Nc7 68 Bc8 Kf4
69 Kd3 1-0.
b. Û00BS
Ìn thoIirsItOurgamos Iochniquo¡roOOmìnaIos, chiot¦y in Iho ox¡IOiIatiOn
OIwoak¡awns lO ¿3 isIascinatìng in thaImaIoriaIis oqua¦anO \hitos
¡awnsarocOnIinoOIOOnosiOoOIIhoLOarO LIacks¡OsiIiOn, whiIo
OLviOusIyinIorìOr, OOosnOI soomtO Lo IaIaIÌy sO, yothìsIwOisOIaIoO ¡awns
arosuIIicìonIOisaOvantagoIOIOsoIho gamo.
lO ¿4rocoivoO a¡rizoIOrthoLosI·¡IayoOonOgamoinIho IOurnamonI,
whiIo lO ¿b haOa OocisivoLoaring On Ì stanO ¿nO¡¦acosìn arocont
LIym¡iaO ¯ho¦atIorìs a gOOO oxam¡¦oOItho OiIIicu¦Iios Ot rOOk onOìngs in
¡racIicaI¡Iay L¦ack shOuIO havo Orawn,LutIho¡oronnìa¦¡rOLIom OI
whoIhor IO sook cOunIor¡Iay Or romaìn OnIho OoIonsivo OotoaIoO hìm
¯ho shOrtoxIractlOIugaovsky-Lvans (lO ¿o) shOws agroaI ¡¦ayor
goItng ìnIO OiIIìcu¦Iios anOIinOing a OrawìngrosOurcowhichwOuIO
¡rOLaLIy novorhavoOccurroOtO tho vast ma|OriIy OI ¡¦ayors
¯hothrooromaìning gamos aro Ot ashar¡or characIor Ìn lO ¿7 L¦ackìs
mOro cOncornoOwiIh koo¡inghiskingin its aggrossivo¡OsìIiOnIhanìn
oar¦ymaIorìaIgaìns, whi¦o lOs ¿b anO ¿¬ must havo Loon ¡arIicuIar¦y
norvo·wracking IO¡Iay, wìIh ¡assoO ¡awns a¡¡oaringovorywhoro
GAME 22 \hìIo ´urgoniOzo L¦ack laOov
1Luisi, ̬7Ì oiciLan LoIonco
1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 e6 3 Nc3 Nc6
4 Bb5 Nge7 5 0-0 a6
6 BXc6 NXc6 7 d4 cXd4
8 NXd4 Be7 9 NXc6 bXc6
10 e5 Qc7 1 1 Bf4 Bb7
12 Ne4 c5 13 Re1 BXe4
14 RXe4 Qb7 1 5 Ra4 0-0
16 b3 f6 17 Qe2 fXe5
18 BXe5 Bf6 19 Rd1 BXe5
20 QXe5 Rf5 21 Qd6 Rd5
22 RXd5 QXd5
23 QXd5 eXd5 24 Ra5 d6
(Liagram l )
ÍgIanco attho ¡OsitìOnìnOicaIos
Ihat\hitohas acIoar aOvanIago
OnaccOunIOIhis acIivo rOOk,
whìchisIying OOwnIhoonomy
rOOkIO Iho OoIoncoOIIhowoak
a·¡awn \haIiswOrsoIOrLIackis
b4
IhaIhoisinnO ¡OsiLOntO cOunIor·
aIIackLygoIIinghis rOOkinIO an
acIìvorÒIoaIIho cOsIOIIhoa·¡awn,
Diagram Ì
smco \hiIohasnOIaIracoOl
woaknoss in hisgamo
1hoIochniquoin suchcasosisIO
usoIho¡OworOlIhoacLvorOOkIO
croaIo mOro woaknossosinIho
onomy cam¡, anOIhonIOswíIch
attackstrOmOnowoaknosstO Iho
OthoruntIIho Oolonco cracks Ïirst
OtaI¦Iho kingsaroconIraLsoO
25 Kfl
ÏIhasLoonsuggosIoOIhaI ¿bc3
wOuIOLoLoItor, LocausothoIoxI
mOvo aIÌOws ¿b . . O4 Ìtsooms,
hOwovor,IhaIthoLIack¡awns
wOuIOIhon LoaIIoasIas woak, lOr
oxam¡¦o ¿olo¿ ll7 ¿7 lO3 loo
¿ba3 lOb ¿¬L4 lco
3UL·cb O·cb 3Ì lc4 winning
a ¡awn
25 . . . Kf7 26 c3 KeG
27 Ke2 Ke5
Ïlho gOosacrOssIO Iho¸·siOoIO
su¡¡OrIhisc·¡awn,\hiIo goIs
a winning ¡awn onOing
¿7 lO7 ¿bL4 lco
¿¬Lb¬ lLo 3Ul·ao¬ l·ao
3Ì L·ao l·ao 3¿l4 anOtho
wiOo¦y so¡aratoO¡assoO¡awns
wìnoasiIy
28 Kd3 g5
1hìsOn¦yrosu¦tsin aturIhor
woakoningOtIho¡OsiIìOn, sincoho
cannOthO¡o IO hOIOu¡ thowhiIo
¡awns ¡ormanont¦y ¯hoLosI
chancowasIOromaìn¡assìvotOr
alow mOvosuntì¦IhoríghIO¡¡Or·
IuniIyOccurroOtO acIìvaIohísrOOk,
viz ¿b la7 ¿¬L4 c·L4
3Uc·L4 lL7 3Ì a3 lLo
3¿ l4 ¬ l·l4 33l·Ob lco
34 lcÌ ' (nOI 34 . lLo
3b Lb a·Lb 3oa·Lb gb
37g3¬ lg4 3blc4 anO Iho
LIack rOOk is hO¡oIossIy¡assivo)
anOnOw. (a) 3blO¿ lLl
3o l·Oo (Or 3oLb a·Lb
bb
37 a·Lb lo4| ) l·L4
37 l·ao lL¿¬, Orawíng,
(L) 3b lab lLÌ 3olc3 lc ̬
37 lL¿ lco 3blL3 lo4, anO
LIackhashískingacLvoIy
su¡¡OrtngIho ¡assoO ¡awn,
whichshOuIOonaLIohimIO Oraw
ÏnIhisLnoLIackmusILo¡aLonI
aImOvo 37 Ïl 37 . lLÌ
3b g3¬ ll3 3¬l·ao lL¿¬
4UlL3 l·h¿ 4l l·Oo l·g3
4¿ Lb, \híIoís¦otta¦Ongway
ahoaOinIhoracoIO quoon Lr,il
37 . lLl 3bg3¬ lo4
3¬l·ao Ob 4Ula7 lL¿¬
4Ì lL3 O4 4¿lo7¬ lO3 43 Lb
oIc ,Iho O·¡awn OOosnOIgivohím
onOugh cOunIor¡Iay.
29 f3 (OtcOursonOI ¿¬g3` g4)
h6 30 g3 R7 31 b4
1horoisnOwayOlmakmg
¡rOgross wiIhOuIaLOwing LIacks
rOOkIO cOmoinIOasl¡ghIIy mOro
acIìvo¡OsitOn,il 3Ì a3, L¦ackhas
3 Ì . lL7 |usIIhosamo
31 . . . cXb4 32 cXb4 Rb7
33 a3 R6 34 f4+! gXf4
35 gXf4+ KXf4 (Or 3b . . loo
3o lO4 oIc) 36 RXd5 (Liagram ¿)
lOwwosooIho Oittoronco
Diagram <
LoIwoonIhis ¡OsiLOnanOIho
¡roviOusanaIysis.1hoscaIIoroO
naIuro OlIhoLIack¡awnsislar
mOrosorìOus horoIhaniIwOuIOLo
ina knighIOrLishO¡ onC¡ng,
Locauso IhowhiIorOOkisiOoaIIy
suiIoO IO swiIchìIs attackstrOmOno
LIack¡awnIO anOthor Ït canalsO
OotonOiIs Ownh·¡awnlrOmIho
LIackkingwiIhOuIcram¡ingiIsoIl
LIacks OnlyLum¡is his woL·
¡IacoO king, anOwhoIhorIhis
lacIOrshOuIOhavoLoonsullicionI
IOhOIOIhogamoIho lOIIOwing
anaIysiswiLatIom¡ItO shOw
´orIainÍyIhoIaskwasIOOOìllicult
in¡ractco.
36 . . . Kg4
otO¡¡ìng 37lhb. Í mOroacIivo
Oolonco with 3o . . lco wOuIOgìvo
risoIO IholOIIOwmgvariaIiOns.
(a) 37lhb lc¡ 3bl·ho laÌ
3¬ l·Oo l·a3¬ 4Ulc4 anO
\hiIoshOuIOwin, (L) 37a4 lc Ì
3b Lb a·Lb 3¬a·Lb lLÌ
4Ulc4 anOwms again LIacks
LosIchancoOlcOunIor¡IayIiosin
aOvancìnghis h·¡awnastaras
¡OssiLIoanOthonIhroaIoningIO
win\hiIo s
37 Kc4 h5 38 a4 h4
39 Rd3 Rc6+
3¬ Ob¬ canLoansworoOsim¡Iy
Ly 4Ulcb, Or 4Ul·Ob lh3
4Ì lO¿ lgo 4¿ Lb a·Lb
43 a·Lb, ilIhon 43 . . lg¿,\hìIo
winswiIh quoonvs h·¡awnOntho
sìxIh rank.
40 Kd5 Rb6 41 h3+ K£4
42 Rb3!
lOrcmgLIack IO mOvohiskìng
OnosquarolurIhor Lack, LolOro
omLarkingOn IhonoxImanOouvro
42 . . . K£5 43 R£3+ Kg5
44 Kc4 Rc6 + 45 Kb3 Re 1
¯hisis anOIhorim¡OrIanIIurning
bo
¡OinI ínIhogamo, as LÍacktinaIIy
OociOosIO aLanOOn¡assivo
OoloncoanOactivaIoshis rOOk
Í gIancoaIhisa¡IornatvosinOicaIos
IhaIIhis is Lylarhìs LosIhO¡oÌl
4b lLo 4oab' lLb (Or
4o . lco` 47 lc3 winningaI
Onco, Or4o . . lLb 47 lO3 Ob
4b lO4 anOLÍackiscOm¡IotoIy
IioOu¡ - IhowhitokìngwiÌI
¡onoLato via l4) 47 lO3 lOb
4blO4' Ob 4¬ Lb a·Lb bUlL4
wiIhan oasywin.ÏlinsIoaO
4b . Ob 4oLb a·Lb
47 a·Lb lOo 4blL4 O4
4¬ lcb lOb bU lO3 anO wíns
46 b5 aXb5 47 aXb5 d5!
LIacki ssLIIlighung,honOw
¡rO¡OsosIO answor 4blL4 Ly
4b lc4¬ 4¬lab O4 bULo (Or
bUlO3 lc3 b l l·O4 l·h3
b¿ lL4 la3¬ anO Oraws) lc3
b l L7 l·l3 b¿Lb/¸ l·h3 wiIh
gOOO Orawing chancos Ïn viow Ol
Ihis, \hiIo isOLÍigoOIO ¡ìck u¡Iho
O·¡awn lirst, which OlcOurso
alÍOwsIhoLIackking accosstOhis
h·¡awn
48 Rd3 K£4
¯ho manOouvro monuOnoO inIho
ÍasI nOIoìsnOInOw avaiIaLIo Ïl
4b . lcb 4¬ lL4 lc4¬
bUlab O4 bÌ Lo lc3
b¿l·O4 l·h3 b3L7 wins
49 RXd5 Kg3 50 Rd3+ Kh2
51 Kb2! (Líagram 3)
Ìtìs acuriOus¡araOOxOtrOOk
onOìngsIhaIthomOrothomaIoriaÍ
isroOucoO, tho mOro OìlticuÍItho
anaÍysis sooms IOLocOmo' \hiIos
IasImOvoa¡¡oarstO LoIhoOnIy
OnoIOwin, anOilLIackhaOlOunO
IhomOsIIonaciOus Oolonco, his
O¡¡OnonIwOuIO sLIIhavohaOIO
¡ÍaywiIhoxIromoaccuracyÏl
b l lL4 lLl¬ b¿lab la̬,
Diagram 3
\hiIos kingwiIÌnovorLoaLIoIO
osca¡oIhochockswiIhOuIusing
hisrOOk,anOwÙIhusIOsohis
h·¡awn in a¡OsiLOnwhorohowilI
LoIOO Iar awayIO sIO¡ Llack
Orawing ÏoIhoroIOrovacaIosL3
IOrhis rOOk,whiIo OrivingIhoLIack
rOOkOuIOIiIs aggrossivo¡OsitOn.
5 1 . . . ReS
1hiscanharOIy LocaLoO amisIako,
Locauso IhoOIhor OoIonco,
bÌ . . lcd, aIsO IOsos ÏnIhaIcaso,
hOwovor,\hiIo wOuIOhavoIOIinO
IhoOnowinning mOvo, b¿ la3'
PIIornaIivos OnIy Oraw, as Iho
IOLOwingIinos inOicaIo
(a) b¿Lo lLb b3lL3 lL7
b4lc¿ (Or b4 la3 l·Lo
bb l·Lo l·h3 anO \hiIois
aIom¡OLohinOIhogamo
cOnLnuaIiOn anO canOnIyOraw
aIIor bolL3 lg¿ b7lgo¬ lh¿
bb lc3 h3 b¬ lO3 lhl
oUlo¿ h¿, wiIh oIaIomaIoiIho
a¡¡rOachosnoaror) lg¿
bblO¿ lh¿ bolo¿ lg¿
b7loÌ lgÌ bblL¿ lo7¬
b7
b¬lo¿ lL7 anO\hiIo can OO
nOIhing, (L) b¿lL3 lLb,wiIh
Irans¡OsitOn, (c) b¿ lL3 lcÌ
wiIh ro¡oLtOn 1ho¡OinIOI
b¿ la3' isIhaI\hiIoa¡¡rOachos
his¡awn,loavingL3vacanIIOrIho
rOOkaIIho¡rocisomOmonIwhon
LIackis noiIhoratIackingIho
L·¡awnnOIIhroaIonngIO sIarI
chockingIrOm LohinO LosI¡Iay
IhonwOulO Lo b¿ lLb (Or
b¿ lcl b3lL3 la̬ b4lL4
with asimilar¡OsiLOn)
b3 lL4 lg¿ b4lL3 lh¿
bb lcb lcd¬ bolOo lLb
b7 lco lcd¬ bblL7 anO \hiIo
wins oasiIy ashis kingcannOw
su¡¡OrIIho¡awnrighI IhrOugh IO
quoon
52 b6 RbS+
ÏIb¿ . lcd b3L7 lLb b4lL3,
Iho¡OsiIiOnis cOm¡araLIoIOuno
(a)inIhonOIoIO LIacks bÌ sI mOvo
LIacknOwIOsosaIIor b4 . . lg¿
bblc¿ lh¿ bolO¿ Locausohis
kingmusIsIayincOnIacIwiIhIho
h·¡awn (OIhorwiso \hiIosking
canaIIOrOIO crOssIhoIhirOrank)
anOhoIhoroIOroIOsosIho
O¡¡OsiLOn' 1hus bo lg¿
b7lo¿ lod¬ bblO3 lLb
b¬lo4 anOwins Ly aOvancingIO
coOrovonLy¡ickingu¡Iho
h·¡awn
53 Rb3 RXb6 54 RXb6 KXh3
55 Kc3 Kg2 56 Rg6 + Kh2
(bo . lI¿ b7lho) 57 Kd3 h3
58 Ke3 K 1 59 K£2 h2
60 Kg3 Kgl 61 RaG hl/N+
1hoOnIymOvo,LuIIhis isa sIan·
OarO¡OsitOnanO\hiIo winsIho
knighIalmOsIaIOnco
62 K£3 K2 63 Rg6 1-0.
GAME 23 \hito lar¡Ov L¦ack lOrt
\aOOinxvoon, Ì ¬7¬ ¸uoonsÌnOianLotonco
1 c4 N£6 2 N£3 e6 3 Nc3 c5
4 g3 b6 5 Bg2 Bb7 6 0-0 d5
7 cXd5 NXd5 a d4 NXc3
9 bXc3 Nd7 10 Re 1 cXd4
1 1 cXd4 Bb4 12 Bg5 £6
13 Bd2 BXd2 14 QXd2 Rea
15 Qd3 Qe7 16 Rac1 0-0
17 Ng5 £Xg5 1a BXb7 Nc5
19 dXc5 QXb7 20 Qe3 RXc5
21 RXc5 bXc5 22 Rc 1 Qd5
23 RXc5 QXa2 24 RXg5 Qb1 +
25 Kg2 Qb6 26 ReS QXe3
27 RXe3 (Liagram l )
¯wO gonora¦¡OinIsaLOutIhis
onOing
Ì ) ¯hoisOIatiOn OtthoIwOL¦ack
¡awnsanOIho OotonsivoLurOon
whichIhis¡IacosOn hisrOOkis
whatcOunts horo 1ho tact IhaIhis
a·¡awnis¡assoOis OtnO signiti·
canco, sincoiI can novorLo¡utIO
uso Ïn aknighI onOing IhorÒ¦os
wOu¦OLorovorsoO anOL¦ack
wOuIOstanOLoItor,his a·¡awn
cOuIOnOt cOmounOor cOnsIant
¡rossuro, as horo, anOwOu¦OLo
Diagram !
bb
aroaI assoI, tOrcingthoonomy
¡iocotO tho oOgoOtthoLOarOtO
koo¡iI unOorcOntrO¦
¿) oincoL¦ackcannOIuti¦iso his
a·¡awn,tho onOing isa¦mOsI
oquiva¦onItO rOOk¬4 vs rOOk¬3
¡awns OnIho samosiOo OtIho
LOarO¯his isnOrmaLy aOitticu¦t
OrawtOrtho OotonOor, LutOnIyit
his ¡OsiIiOnhasnO woaknossos
lorothoisO¦atiOnOthis o·¡awn
naturaLy makosIhings wOrsotOr
him
27 . . . Rea
¿7 lt7isnO im¡rOvomonI
¿bla3 lab ¿¬lao' (Lottorthan
lab, as is sOOn¡¦ayoOinIho gamo,
Locauso,wiIhhisrOOkLohinOIho
¡awn, L¦ack wOu¦O havo ¿¬ ao
wiIhasLghts¡acogainanO sOmo
Iom¡OmOvosavai¦aL¦o - la7-ab
otc ) lo7 3Ult3 otc
2a Ra3 Re7 29 Ra5!
lOw ab is ¡rotorroOtOrIwO
roasOns , l ) \hito Ihroatons tO
aOvancohisking IO Iho OOminaung
squaroob, whon tho ¡rossuro
wOu¦O¦oavo L¦ack a¦mOst¡ara·
¦ysoO,thorOOkatabIhus¡rovonts
a OisturLing chock at LbOr cb
(¿) ¯ho rOOkisroaOyIOsu¡¡OrI
\hitos l·siOo ¡awn aOvanco,
whichwi¦¦croatoturthor
woaknossos amOng Iho L¦ack
¡awns, Or¡OssiL¦y Orivotho
king Lack, shOu¦O ho sotI¦o aIto
29 . . . K£7 30 h4 h6
P¦roaOy acriIica¦ OocisiOn, any
¡awnmOvowiLOLviOus¦ywoakon
him,Luthoroa¦¦yhas¦itt¦o chOico
¯irstOt alI, cOunIor·attack Ly L¦ack
ismOstun¦iko¦y tO Lo ottocuvoin
viowOt\híIos cOm¡acI ¡awn
sIrucIuro, sOho musIsím¡Iy OolonO
asLosIho can oocOnOIy, his
chOicoísIhorotOroLoIwoon
(a) makingnO ¡awn mOvo OnIho
l·siOo, (L) ¡IayingOnIy ho IO
rosLainIho whiIo aOvanco,
(c) ¡laying go
(Or . go¬ . ho
asín Iho gamo)whichaIIOws\hiIo
IO Lroaku¡híslOrmaIiOnLyhb
llhomakosnO¡awnmOvo,wo
havosOmoIhinglIko 3U lL7
3Ì lI3 llo 3¿g4 lc7 (3¿ . ob
33lao¬ lI7 34gb,lOLOwoOLy
lo4anOwíns) 33ll4 lL7
34hb lc7 3bgb¬ ll7
3olob lL7 (3o lc¿
37 l·a7¬ llb 3bo4 l·I¿
3¬l·oo anO maIos' ÏlìnsIoaO
3o lo7 37 t4 lL7 3bo4 lc7
3¬lLb lO7 4UlLb anO lhb, Or
ilhoro 3¬ . ao 4UlLo lcb¬
4l lO4 lab 4¿lL7¬ llb
43 ho g·ho 44 g·ho lgb
4b lg7¬ lhb 4olo7 oIc )
37 l4 lc7 3bo4 lL7
3¬lao lo7 (3¬ . lLb¬
4UlOo lL7 4Ì lco isvory
símíIar) 4UlOo lL7 4l ob lo7
4¿ go¬ h·go 43h·go¬ lob
44 laÌ lOb 4blLÌ anO wins
¯ho ¡Owor whích\hiIocan
gonoraIohoro, sim¡Iy Ly
aOvancíng his king anO ¡awns,is
vory sIriking anOho a¡¡oarsIO win
aImOsIottOrIlossIy lIaIsOmaIIors
IiIIIowhoIhor LIackkoo¡shis
a·¡awnOrnOI,iIis Iho squaroa7
íIsoItwhíchisviIalinIhoaLOvo
variatOns, aI¦oasIalIorIhotirsIlow
mOvos
LIacksOocísiOnIOrosIrainIho
¡awnsis Ihus luLy|usIìlioO
31 g4 Kf6 32 f4
PnOIhor ¡OínIOt ho, il
3¿ lI3 gb anO, aIIhOughLIack

Diagram <
a¡¡oars IO havo woakonoOhimsolt
lurIhor, his kingcannOILo
OisIOOgoOlrOmIo\hiIowiIIIhon
línO íIim¡OssiLloIO makoIho
roquiroO s¡aco gains
32 . . . Rb7
\aiIing,il3¿ ob 33 Ib,¡Ianning
Iho turIhor laoanO ll3-o4, whon
L¦acks¡awn conIroisIOOking vory
u Ïthoro 33 . o4 34lg3(-t4)
anOinIhoonOho wiÌInOIosca¡o
33 Kf3 Rc7 (Liagram ¿) 34 RaG
LtcOurso,ít 34lo4 lc4¬ oIc
¯hoOIO¡IanOthoaOingsLaighItOr
ob wiIhIhokingwiLnOIOO,
nOwIhaIhocannOIgOviaI4
PIIornaIivoIy,il 34gb¬ h·gb
3b h·gb¬ lo7 3olo4 his
winningchancos aro OrasLcaLy
roOucoOwiIhIho Oisa¡¡oarancoOt
IhochiolIargoIinLIacks¡OsitOn,
viz.Ihoh·¡awn´Om¡aroIhonOIo
IOLIacks3UIhmOvo
¯horighI¡IanínOuIIinoisIO¡Iay
hb anO gb anO, atIor h·gb, IO
roca¡Iuro wiIh Iho I·¡awn.¯hon
LIacksromaining ¡awns wiL sL
LoísOIaIoO anO\hiIowíIInOw
havoa¡OIonIia¦¡assoOh·¡awnÏt
LIackOocLnosIOca¡Iuro aIgb, ho
wiIÍLoIoIIwiIh awoakh·¡awn
aIIor\hiIooxchangos.
\hìIocOuIOwoIIhavocOnLnuoO
34 hbaIOnco, LuI 34 lao OOos
nOharm anOin ¡ÍayingiIhois
IhinkingaLOuIanOthor ¡OssiLiliIy
- Ib.1his mOvowOrksinsOmo
variaLOnsLuIinOIÌors ìIaIIOws
¡romaIuro oxchangos anO anoasy
OrawIOrLIack Psin manysuch
¡OsiIiOns,Iho¡IayOnIhooxtomo
wing(hb¬gb)is mOrooIIocLvo
IhanaconIraIaIIack (Ib), Iho
OoIoncoLoingIurIhorstroIchoO
34 . . . g6
LIackis¡orha¡sIOO ìm¡rossoOLy
Iho throaIOI Ib Ïis¡OsiLOnìsmOsI
ÍìkoÍyIOsIanyway, LutanOthor
l·siOo woaknoss cannOIhoÍ¡him
ÏocOuIO¡IayanOIhorwaItng
mOvo, 34. . lL7,whon 3b Ib` is
LaO LocausoOI 3b lLo
3o l·a7 o·Ib 37g·Ib l·Ib
3b l·g7 lL4. \hiIo can
scarcoIyhO¡oIO win IrOmIhis
¡OsiLOn,wiIhIho ¡awnsroOucoOin
numLor, ¡IaycOnIinoOIO OnosiOo
OIIhoLOarOanOhsOwnh·¡awn
vulnoraLIoÌI\hiIo OoIaysamOvo,
say 3bo3, LIackmayroIroaIhis
kingOrcOnLnuo IO Iom¡Ihìs
O¡¡OnonIinIO Ib, o. g. 3b . lc7
3o Ib` lo7 37I ·oo l·oo
3b l·a7 lLo anOagainIho
wìnning chancosaro slim
1ryìng tO ca¡Iuro Ihoa·¡awnis
inanycasoIhowrOnga¡¡rOach,
\hìIosOnÍywìnnìng¡IanisIO roÍy
OnIho mOmontum OIhis¡awn
aOvanco.PIIor 34 lL7 IhorighI
way ìs 3b hb lc7 3o lab lL7
37 gb¬, anOIhon.
(i) 37 h·gb 3bI ·gb¬ lI7
3¬ lI4 lc7 4Uo4 lL7
4Ì go¬ lo7 (4Ì . . lIo 4¿ob¬
isnO LoIIor) 4¿ lgb lIb
¬U
Djagram 3
(4¿ . . . lLl 43l·a7¬ lIb
44 lI7¬ lgb 4b lo7 wins)
43 ho g·ho¬ 44 l·ho lgb
4b lcb lLb 4olc7 ab
47lg7¬ ltb 4blh7 lgb
4¬ g7 anOwins (1his ImaI¡OsiLOn
wOuIOLo Orawn,iILIackcOuIO
havocIoaroOIhoIhirOrankIOr
a rOOkchockOuringmOvos 44-4o,
LuIIhoroisnO roasOnwhyIho
¡awnsacriIico . obshOuIOsavo
himinIhoIOngrun.)
(u) 37 . lI7 3bo4 lc7
3¬ lg4 lL7 4Ulao lc7
4Ì g·ho g·ho 4¿Ib, nOw
noìIhor 4¿ . o· Ib¬
43l·Ib lg7 44lgo¬ lh7
4b ob, nOr 4¿ lo7
43 I ·oo¬ l·oo 44 l·a7 ¬ lgb
(44 . lIo 4blI4' anOIhonoìIhor
lh7Orlao¬ anO lgoas LoIOro)
4b lIb lLo 4oob lIb
47oo lLÌ 4blgo wiIIsavo
LÍack¯hoOiIIoroncoLoIwoon
thoso¡OsiIiOnsanO thOso
OiscussoOin tho tirsI¡arIOIIhis
nOIo is, OI cOurso, Iho groaIIy
incroasoO acIiviIy OIthowhiIo
¡iocos.
35 Ra5 Rd7 36 e3 Rb7 37 h5
(Liagram 3)
37 gb¬7 wOuÌOLomuchwoakor,
LIackmusILoIolIwiIhisOIaIoO
¡awnsaslara¡arIas¡OssiLlo
37 . . . g5
PlIor37 . . . g·hb 3bl·hb his
gamosOOnlaIIsa¡arI,o. g
3b . lgo 3¬lo4 lLo (Or
3¬ lL4¬ 4Ulob lLb¬
4Ì l·oo l·hb 4¿g·hb¬ anO
winswìIhIho I·¡awn) 4Ulab ao
4Ì lob lco,anOnOw IhoLosI
¡IanisIOmakoIwOcOnnocIoO
¡assoO ¡awns, i. o 4¿o4 lt7 (Or
4¿ . lLo 43lcb' lI7
44lc7¬ lgo 4bIb¬, winn¡ng
oasiÌy) 43 Ib lLo 44lI4' (nOI
44 lcb lLb' 4bl·Lb a·Lb
4olO4 o·Ib 47o·Ib lIo
4blcb hb anO Oraws) lco
(44 . lIo 4blcb lI7
4olc7 ¬ lIb iswOrso) 4blaÌ ,
anOIhoIhroaIOl 4o lhÌ lg7
47 lob sOOnlOrcosLIackIO mako
Iho¡awnoxchango 4b o·Ib
4og·Ib lLo 47lcÌ ab
4blc7¬ lIb 4¬la7 lLb bUIo,
anOLIackisquiIoIOsI.
ÏtLIackOOosnOIhing,Ihosamo
¡OsiIiOn arìsosanyway,honcotho
Diagram ÷
¬Ì
IoxImOvo.
38 Ra6
lOIyoIIhroaIonmg 3¬Ib,sincoIho
rosOurco 3¬ lLo' issLII
avaiIaLIo,LuIwiIhIho mOvo LIack
musIroIinquish Iho IhroaI, o. g.
3b . . lc7 3¬Ib lo7 4Uo4 lI7
(4U. . lob 4Ì lo3 lIo Irans·
¡Osos) 4l lo3 lto 4¿lO4 lO7¬
43lcb lo7 44lOo o·Ib
4b lOb ¬ anO 4og·tb
Ïl3b. lI7 3¬Ib lo7 4Uo4
amOunIsIOIho samo Ihing, whiIo
a ¡awn oxchangoaI Ibmany OlIho
variaLOnsÍoavos \hiIo wìIh IwO
uniIoO ¡assoO ¡awns anO LIack
wiIh aIorriLIywoak h·¡awn.
ÏOwovor,\hIoshOuIOavOìO,il
¡OssiLIo,Iinossuchas 3b . lc7
3¬Ib lo7 4Ul·oo l·oo
4Ì l·a7 lLo 4¿ lh7 lob
43 lg7 lLÌ , whonIhoroisnO
guaranIooOlawin.LvoryIhing
musI Lo¡ro¡aroOLolOroho can
saloIywinmaIoriaI.
Ïnviow OlIhis LIack oxchangos,
whonIhowhiIo¡awnrOIÌor
LocOmosOangorOusagain
38 . . . gX£4 39 eX£4 Rb3+
40 Kg2 Rb7
Ïo cannOI aLanOOnIho a·¡awn, IO
koo¡ \hìIoskmg cuIOll, Locauso
al|or4U . lc3 4l l·a7 hìs
h·¡awncanscarcoIyLosavoO.
41 Kg3 Kf7 42 Ra4
Locauso 4¿lh4 lL4
43 l·a7¬ lgb 44 lg3 lL3¬
wOuÌOLovory awkwarO Lìkowiso
4¿ gb h·gb 43l ·gb lL3 ¬
wOuIOLo¡romaIuro.
42 . . . Kg7 43 g5 (Liagram4)
LIackhasIhrooO¡IiOnsnOw
( Ì ) 1Ooxchango¡awnsanOhO¡o
IOhOIOIhoIwO ¡assoO¡awnswiIh
his kmg, (¿)1O siIIighIanOOLIigo
\hiIoIOlinO aLroak·IhrOugh
Diagram b
sOmohOw, (3)1O Lroak u¡Iho
whìIo ¡awnsLy an immoOìaIo . . ob
lIhooxchangos, tho ¡IanìstO
aIIack tho o·¡awn,o g 43 h·gb
44I ·gb lh7 4b lt4 lg7
4o lab lI7¬ 47lo4 lL7 (LIack
koo¡sgoILngshOrIOImOvos,
47 lgb 4bgo IOrcoshimIO
gìvo way anO ¡ormiI lob)
4blob lI7 (4b . . lo7 4¬lao)
4¬go¬ anOwins
43 . ob is answoroOLy
44I ·ob h·gb 4blg4 lo7 (Or
4b lho 4olao¬ lLo
47l·Lo¬ a·Lo 4boo lg7
4¬ho¬ anOwins) 4olIb lho
(4o lI7 47ho anOhomusI
aIIOwIhoOocisivolto)
47lIo lL7 4blg4' anO wins.
LIackOocìOosIO waiI
43 . . . Rc7 44 Ra5 Kg8
45 Rb5 Kf7 46 Kg4 (Liagramb)
a6
lo¦ucIanI¦y, sincothoLIackrOOk
wiIInOwhavoIOguarOIhis¡awn
aswo¦¦ascOvoringIhosocOnO
rankÏOwovor,iIhocOnIinuosIO
makonOn·cOmmitIaImOvos, Iho
¬¿
winningschomoìsgo¬ cOmLìnoO
wiIh lLbanO lod, IOroxam¡Io
4o lO7 47go¬ lg7
4blLb lc7 (Or4b ab
4¬lab lOb bUla7¬ lIb
b Ì lao lo7 b¿ lab lIo
b3 la7 ob b4lt7¬) 4¬lod, anO
iI4¬ 1Io bUlhb ab bl lab'
(bl l·ho a4 b¿Hb la7 isIoss
gOOO) lcb b¿la7 anOwins.
47 Rb8 Rcl
Ïo mayas woIIIry cOunIor·attack
nOw, IhOughtho chocksOO nOI
IrOuLIo\hitomuch
48 g6+ Kg7 49 Rb7+ Kf8
50 Rb6 Rgl + 51 Kf3 Rf l +
52 Ke4 Rel + 53 Kd4
PtIackìngIhoh·¡awnìsusoIosstOr
Llack,sìncoIho ¦OssOthis o·¡awn
aIIOws\hitotho twO OoaOIy
¡assoO ¡awns again P¦sO,IurIhor
chocks nOwwOuIO sim¡Iy OrìvoIho
king IOto
53 . . . Ke7 54 RXa6
\inningmaIoriaIIOrthoIìrsILmo,
OnIythroomOvosIrOmIhoonO'
54 . . . Kf6 55 Ra7 e5+!
¸uiIo anoaIIra¡ in Iho Oos¡oraIo
circumsIancos, \hiIocansIiIIgO
wrOng
56 fXe5+ RXe5 57 RaG+! 1-0.
LuInOI b7lI7¬` loo
bb lo7¬ l·o7 b¬l·ob ltb
anO Iho onOing ìs Orawn -
oUlto lgb ol g7 lh7 oIclOr
can\hiIoim¡rOvothìngsatIorIho
IirsIchock,u bb lt l l·hb
b¬lgÌ lgb ìs asìm¡Io Oraw
PItorIhotoxtmOvo b7 loo is
moILy bb g7, OrìI b7 . ltb
bb g7 lod (Or bb lo4¬
b¬ lO3 lg4 oUlgo)
b¬l·ho lgb oUlgoanOwins.
GAME 24 \hito PnOorssOn LIack livas
ÏasLngs, Ì ¬bÌ ·¿ ¸uoons ´amLiILocLnoO
1 c4 N£6 2 N£3 e6 3 d4 d5
4 Bg5 Be7 5 e3 0-0 6 Nc3 h6
7 Bh4 Ne4 8 BXe7 QXe7
9 Rei c6 10 Bd3 NXc3
1 1 RXc3 dXc4 12 RXc4 Nd7
13 0-0 e5 14 dXe5 NXe5
15 Re4 NX£3+ 16 QX£3 BeG
17 Bc4 Rad8 18 BXe6 £Xe6
19 Qe2 Rd5 20 b4 Qd6
21 Qc4 Kh8 22 h3 e5
23 £4 e X£4 24 e X£4 Rd2
25 R2 Rd 1 + 26 Kh2 Q£6
27 Qc5 b6 28 Qe3 Qd6 29 R£3
(Liagram Ì )
1hoisO¦aIoOo·¡awnwhch
a¡¡oaroO aImOvo Ì bwasnOroaI
LurOon tO LIack, itcOu¦OnOt
cOnvonionIIy Lo LrOught unOorIìro
anOwasactuaIÌy Oo¡rivingIho
w hiIo ¡íocosOIcorIainusoIu¦
squarosin tho conIro PnOorssOn
IhoroIOrooxchangoOitOIIwithín
a Iow mOvos anO nOw ¡¦ans lo7
¡Iuslg3 ÏOwovor,thaIwiÌI
roquiro sOmo¡ro¡aratOn, anO iI
L¦ackromainsroasOnaL¦y acLvoho
has nOIhingtO Ioar atIhìs stago.
29 . . . c5 30 bXc5 QXc5(?)
3U L·cbwas¡orIocIIysOunO,
LIacks¡iocosaro aggrossivoIy
¡IacoO, ho cOnIrO¦s aconLa¦Iì¦o
anOhohasa ¡assoO ¡awn, aLOI
whichIarOutwoìghsIhoIactthaIho
hasIwOisOIaIoO¡awnsagainsI
\hiIos Ono.ÏOwovor,tho
oxchango OI quoonsisamisIako
whichIoavos\hítowìIhastrOng
onOgamo íniIíatvo LIacknooOs hìs
quoonIOrthoLmo Loing,IO mako
histhroats againsI Iho I·¡awn
oIIoctivo ¯hìs ¡awnís quìIo a
nuisanco tO \hito,wìIh quoons anO
¬3
rOOks ¡rosonIhowi¦ILoro¦uctant
IO woakonhís socOnO rankLy
¡¦aying g3, yoIwithOuIIhatIho
I·¡awnwiIÌromainox¡OsoO lOr
canhooasiÌyLroakIho ¡ìnOnIho
h¿·LbOiagOna¦
PIIor3U . L·cb, 3 l lc4 anO
3 Ì la4 mayLOIhLo moIcOm·
tOrtaLIyLy 3Ì lO4' , whiIo
3 Ì lo7 lO3' 3¿ ¸·O3 ¸·o7
aIsO¦oavos L¦ack quiIoha¡¡y (iI
33 ¸c4 Or 33 ¸ao, thon
33 . ¸c7)Ïoro 3Ì lO4 is
raIhorIosscIoar, \hiIo cOuIOIry
3¿ lg3 lO·I4 (3¿ . lgb
33 ¸ob,whìchIoaOs tO sOmothing
Iíko tho onOing roachoOíntho
gamo) 33 lo·g7, withthoIurthor
throaIOI 34l7go
31 QXc5 bXc5 32 Re7
\hìIosaOvantago Los in tho sìm¡¦o
IacI thathisrOOksaro auoaOy in
actiOn,ho canaItackIho a·, c· anO
g·¡awns LoIOro LIack can aIIack
his oincoLIack Oaro nOI¡ormiIIho
¦Oss OtIho g·¡awn (soo noxInOto),
Diagram !
OnoOIhis rOOksisLOunO IO Lo
OrivoninIO a¡assivo¡OsiIiOn
ÏnitaIivoìs IhoviIaIIhIngÏIisnOI
os¡ocìaLyim¡OrIanIIhat L¦ackhas
OnomOroìsOIatoO¡awnthan
\hìIoln IacI, inIho aLsoncoOI
\hiIosaggrossivo¡OssiLiIiLos Iho
¡assoO c·¡awnwOuIOLoaIOrcoIO
LorockOnoOwiIh,horoiIis |usI
anOIhorwoaknoss
32 . . . Rd4
Ïo musthiItho I·¡awn again ÏI
3¿ . ab 33 lg3 lgd 34 la7
winsa¡awnaIOncoÏI3¿ . . . ao
33 lg3 lgd 34lgo OOosIho
samolOrcanLIackaLanOOnIho
g·¡awn 3¿ ao 33 lg3 l·I4
34 lg·g7 anO tho OOuL¦oOrOOks
Ontho sovonth aroLOunOIO IoaOIO
a win LnoLno wOuO Lo34 . lI¿
3blh7¬ lgd 3o log7¬ lId
37 la7 lgd 3d lhc7, aLoaOy
winningaIIoasIa¡awn
33 Rg3 Rg8 34 £5
LIcOurso, \hitomusIkoo¡Ihìs
¡awntO havo any winnìng chancos
34l·a7` l·t4 3blc7 (Or
3b lab lcd, Or 3blc3 lcd)
3b . la4 3oa3 c4
37lc3 lgad wOuIOLousoIoss
Diagram <
¬4
ÏurIhormOro,IhoI·¡awnhassOmo
aggrossivo¡OIonLalOIiIs Own,iIs
aOvancoIO Io is whaIIinaLy
cIInchosthogamo.
34 . . . R4 35 Rf7 (Liagram¿) a5!
1horìghImOvoIO hOIOIho ¡OsitiOn.
3b la4¡orha¡sIOOksmOro
naIuraI,Iho chioI¡OinIOIinIorosI
LoingIhaI, aIIhOugh LIackmusInOI
aIIOwa OOuLIingOIrOOksOnIho
sovonIh rank,ho canchoorIuIIy
¡ormit IotOLo¡¦ayoO.ÏI
(3b . . la4) 3olgo l·a¿
37 Io c4, \hiIocan makonO
¡rOgross inanyOIIho IOLOwing
Iinos (a) 3dlg·g7 l·g7
3¬ l·g7 lI¿,
(L) 3dlg·g7 l·g7
3¬ I·g7¬ lgd,
(c) 3dlI·g7 l·g7
3¬ I ·g7 ¬ lgd,
(O) 3dI ·g7 ¬ lh7 3¬lg4 c3
(o) 3d lc7 lI¿ 3¬I ·g7 ¬ lh7,
(I) 3dlg3 g·to| oIc
Ïn manyOIIhosovarìaIìOnsIho
LosI\hiIocanhO¡oIOrìs rOOk &
IwO¡awnsagainsIrOOk &Ono
¡awnOn IhosamosiOo OIIho
LOarO - usoIossIOrwinning
¡ur¡Osos ÏOwovor, aIIor 3b . la4
sim¡Iy 3oa3 IoaOs IO¡rOLIoms
IOr LIackOn accOunIOIhìs ¡assìvo
rOOk aIgd - 3o c4 (OIhorwiso
\hiIowins a¡awnLy 37lc7
anOiI 37 lab 3dlc3) 37lc7
(37lc3 lcd' ) lab 3dlI3 lId
3¬g4, anO L¦ackwi¦IIOsoa¡awn
(3¬ la4 4Ulc3) ÏocanIOOk
IOr cOuntor¡IayLyoìIhor3¬ hb
4Ul·c4 h·g4 4Ì h·g4,Or
3¬ . . lLd 4Ul·c4 lL¿¬
4Ì lg3 la¿, LuIIhorois nO cIoar
cOm¡onsaLOnlnIhis lasILno
4¿ to' is nOwquiIo ¡OworIuIanO
mUchLotIorIhan tho¡assivomOvo
4¿lcc3 - 4¿ to g·Io
43l*Io l¿*a3¬ 44lh4 lg7
(44 lao 4blI7) 4blOo wiIh
oxcoIÌont winnmg chancos
36 Rg6 c4?
¯ho OotoncoisoxIromoIy OitIicuIt
3b la4 wasLosIavOiOoO,aswo
havosoon,Locauso 3oa3 was an
aOoquaIoro¡IyanO LocausoOno
whiIorOOkromamsLoOu¡,whJo
IhoLIackOnois aII4LuIas sOOn
as\hiIoactvaIoshissocOnOrOOk
hoOo¡rivoshimsoIIOIIhoa3
OoIoncoanO, atIhosamotmo,his
OwnIhroaIs IOIho¸·síOo¡awns
LocOmomOrothan LIack can cO¡o
wiIhLy¡uro¦yOoIonsívomOvos
1horotOro 3o . la4' isnocossary
1hon,wiIhIhoIOssOIhis a·¡awn,
aOirocIaIIackis\hiIo sOnIyhO¡o
¬
OIachovingmyIhing,LuI 37to is
stIIinaOoquaIo,o g 37 l*a¿
3blI*g7 l*g7 3¬I *g7 ¬ lgb
4Ul*ho l*g7
1hisi saLOutIhoLosIIhaI\hito
can OO, anOín sOmo¡OsiIiOnsIwO
uniIoO¡assoO¡awns wOuIO win
againsI IwOOíscOnnocIoOOnos
Ïoro,IhOugh,ms¡iIoOt\htos
aggrossivorOOk¡OsiIiOn, LIackhas
Iho aOvanIagoOIIhomOro
aOvancoO¡awns anOhis OwnrOOk
ísaIsO woIÌ·¡IacoO,sOIhorois nO
roasOnwhyhoshOuIO IOso. Lno
¡OssiLIo cOnImuaLOnís
4Ì lco lc¿ 4¿ lao (Or
4¿lg3 c4 43lt3 c3 44g4 lcl
4b lo¿ c¿ 4olO¿ lhÌ ) la¿
43lg3 c4 44lt3 c3 4b lco c¿,
OrawingoasiIyÏnmOsIcasosaI
IoasIOno¡airOI¡awnswiLLo
inOirocIIyoxchangoO,itanyIhing, it
is\hiIowhOhas IO LocaroIuÍ
37 Rc6!
PnOorssOnhasmanagoOIO koo¡
his rOOksvorytIoxiLIo anOhas
roIainoOsovoraIO¡tOns Ïocan
¬b
aIIack LOIh¸·siOo¡awnsIrOm
LohinO, OOuLIo agmnsIIho c·¡awn
OrOOuLIoOnIho sovonth rank, a̦
wiIhm Ono mOvo ÏoavOíOs
37lao On accOunIOI37 lcd
3blaa7 (3b lg3 c3' ) c3
3¬ l*g7 (3¬ lac7 lc4) c¿
4Ulh7¬ lgb 4l lag7¬ lIb
4¿lhb¬ l*g7 43l*cb l*tb
44l*c¿ lI4' (-a4) anO \hiIos
winningchancosaroromOIo - his
rOOkwJILo¡assivoaIc¿anOho
hasIwOrOOk¡awns
37 . . . Rf2
P LoIIor chanco a¡¡oarsIO Lo
37 lab,Locauso sOmo OLviOus
aIIom¡IsLy\hiIoIO wín maIoriaÍ
canLoIOJoO1hoa·¡awnis
mOmonIariÍysaIo, anO mIhOugh
3blcc7 IOrcosIhorOOkLackLy
3b lgb,IhoOirocIIOIÌOw·u¡
3¬ la7 aLanOOnsIhoc·IiIoIOr
a mOvo(unIíkoIho gamo
cOntnuaIiOn).1hus 3¬ c3'
4Ul*ab lcb, as shOwni nIho¦asI
nOIo, OriI 4U lcc7 la4 otc
3blg3,tOrcingIhorOOktO
aLanOOniIsaIIackOnIhot·¡awn,is
an OLviOusm¡rOvomonI,LuIIhon
3b lO4 3¬lac7 lgb
4Ula7 c3 is sIJInO gOOO.lOr
OOos 3¬lIc7 lIb' 4Ulcb a4
sOIvo anyIhmgLosI sooms tOLo
3blg3 lO4 3¬lcc7 lgb
4UlI3' ,IoavingL¦ackLoOu¡,ín
tacIwiIhvoryIowOoconImOvos
\hítohasnOw g4ava:ÍaLIo, LOIh
tO cOvor Iho I·¡awn anOm sOmo
circumsIancosovon IO sIartan
aIIack wiIh h4, gb anO go,msO Io
can nOw Lo¡¦ayoO,wiIhIhoking
romOvoOIrOmthog·IiÍo ÏOr
oxam¡¦o,4U lO¿ 4l a4 lc¿
4¿Io c3 43l*g7 l*g7
44l*g7 lc l 4blo¿' c¿
(4b lgÌ 4olg3 c¿ 47I7)
4olc7 lgb (4o . lgÌ
47lcb¬ lh7 4bI7) 47lO¿ lI Ì
(47 lgÌ 4blg7 ¬ anO
4¬ l·c¿) 4bI7¬ anO wins.
ÏtL¦ack chocksaImOvo 4U,
atrans¡OsiIiOnistho mOstlikoIy
OuIcOmo - 4U lO3¬
4Ì lo¿ lg3 4¿lI¿ lc3
43a4 lc¿¬ oIc
38 a4 R£4
ÏI 3b lc¿ 3¬ la7
39 Kg3 Rd4 40 Ra7 (Liagram 3)
¯hisnOwwìnsa¡awnLytOrcoÏI
4U lOb 4Ì lt4 anOIhon
(a) 4Ì . . lIb 4¿g4 lO4¬
43lob lO3 44l·ab l·h3
4b l·c4, Or (L) 4Ì lO4¬
4¿lob lO¿ 43g4 lob¬ 44 lI4.
Llack¦Osos aIIoasIa¡awn ovory
Iimo,OrìthoLiosIOO harOìnthis
IasIvariaLOn, Iho gamocOuIO Iinish
aLru¡IIy - 44 lO4¬
4b lg3 lo3¬ (Or4b lob
4olab¬ lh7 47lccb)
4olh4 lOO3 47 lhb l·h3¬
(47 lh7 4bl·ho¬)
4blgo lOb 4¬l·g7 anO wms
quickIy.
40 . . . Rb8 41 RXa5 Rd3+
42 Kh2
l¦aying sato withtho king, sìnco tho
rOOks OO nOInooOhìs assisIancotO
IOrco aOocìsiOn L¦acksOnIyhO¡o
inthorommnOoris tOoxchangohis
c·¡awn IOrtho a·¡awn, loavingOnIy
a OrawwiIhIho OIhor¡awns
cOntinoOIO Ono sìOo LuI\hiIo
avOìOsIhisLyroIurningIO Iho
attack
42 . . . c3 43 Rc7!
lOI 43lacb` lab 44ab (Or
44lcb¬ l·cb 4bl·cb¬ lh7
anOtho¸·sìOo¡awnswÙ Lo
oIiminaIoO) c¿ 4bl·c¿
(4b ao la3) l·ab 4olcb¬ lh7
47lIb lOOb 4bg4 lacb
¬o
Diagram 3
4¬ lo¿ lob otc ,anO\hito
cannOtOOuL¦oOnIho oìghth. lOw
44 lac7 lgb 4bab isthroaIonoO
43 . . . RB 44 Rb5
lOI 44lac7` l·Ib
4b l·g7 lcb 4o lgL7 lcb,
whonovontho OOuLIo sovonIhwi¦I
nOIsutIicotOwìnanO \hito wiII
havo tO Iako ¡or¡otuaIchock
(47 lc7 l·c7 4bl·c7 lO4
oIcOnIyOraws) LIackisnOw
goItìngraIhorOos¡oraIo,withOno
rOOkLoO IO Ihoc·¡awnanOIho
OIhor cOvormghìsLackrank
againsImaLng attacks lis noxt
mOvoisOosignoOIO cutOuIIho
OangorIO his king, LuInatural¡y
rosuIIs in anowwoaknoss
44 . . . h5 45 aS R£6
1ho rOOkcannOI cO¡o wiIh
ovoryIhing 4b lab 4o Io'
amOunIstO Lo samothing lOw
4o lLb¬ lh7 47 lccb lho is
nOuso, LuIiIisLycOnstanIIy
swìtching Iho OirocIiOnOIhis
IhroaIs IhaI\hiIo canLroakhis
O¡¡OnontsrosisIanco.
46 Rbc5
¯hroatoningsim¡Iy
47l·c3 l·c3 4bl·c3 l·Ib
4¬ la3, anOIhustOrcing Iho ro¡Iy
46 . . . RaG 47 £6! RX£6
47 g·Io is aIIoastas LaO -
4bl·hb ¬ lgb 4¬lLb lab
bUao c¿ bÌ a7' c Ì /¸ (Or
bÌ lOOb b¿ lLcb,winning tho
¡awn) b¿ lLb¬ lOb
b3 l·Ob¬ l·Ob b4l·cÌ otc
48 RXh5+ Kg8
Lr 4b lho 4¬l·ho¬ g·ho
bU ao.
49 Re5!
PccuraIoagain, g7is IhoIargoI,
Lut 4¬ lgb lI7 is Ioss cIoar
49 . . . RaG 50 Rg5 (Liagram 4)
K£8
Ït bU . go b Ì lLb,as aLOvo
\hìtonOwusosmaIingIhroaIsIO
winIho c·¡awnOirocIly
51 RgXg7 RXa5 52 R7
Lr b¿lLI7¬ lob b3lL7 lIb
Diagram ÷
b4 lgc7 lab bb lL3, whìchis
OnomOvoshOrtorIhantho gamo
52 . . . Kg8 53 Reg7+ K£8
54 Rb7 Kg8 55 Re7 Rf5
56 Rb3 R2 1-0.
GAME 25 \hito lar¡Ov LIack)akOLson
laItaLÍym¡iaO, l ¬bU ¸uoons´amLìILocIinoO
1 d4 d5 2 e4 e6 3 Ne3 Be7
4 Nf3 N£6 5 Bg5 0-0 6 e3 Nbd7
7 Re 1 a6 8 e5 Ne4
Diagram Ì
¬7
9 NXe4 dXe4 10 BXe7 QXe7
1 1 Nd2 Nf6 12 Ne4 Bd7
13 Ne5 Qe8 14 Be4 BeG
15 Qe2 Bd5 16 0-0 BXe4
17 NXe4 Qe6 18 Ne5 Qd5
19 b3 Rad8 20 Qe2 e6
21 Ne4 Ne8 22 Qe2 Qf5
23 Red1 h6 24 a4 Qh7
25 b4 f5 26 Qb3 Ne7 27 f3 f4
28 eXf4 RX£4 29 Nd6 eXf3
30 RX£3 Nd5 31 RX£4 NX£4
32 Rf l Qd3 33 QXd3 NXd3
(Liagram Ì )
Ïn¡laymgIhrOugh Ihis onOing,Iho
roaOorshOulO Loarin minOIho
IonsocircumstancosinwhichìI
IOOk ¡laco 1hìswasIho ÍasI cruciaÍ
gamo IO tinìsh, tho lungarians
havìng roachoO 3¬ ¡OintsanOIho
lussians 3b¡Ius Ihìs gamo
lar¡OvIhoroIOronooOoOIO winaI
aIIcOsIs
1howhiIo knighIisOLviOusIy
oIIocLvo Onhis cIassic OuI¡OsI
squaro,LuIwiIh sOmoIìmiIaLOns,
hocannOIstayvoryIar,asIOngas
his O·¡awnromamsvuInoraLIo PI
Iho samoIimo, IhoLIackknìghIis
wOrkingharOagamsIthowhito
¡awns, IhOughIossOLviOusIyIhan
hisO¡¡Osito numLor ÏnIhoIOng
run\hiIo may cIaim sOmo
aOvanIagoOnaccOunIOItho woak
o·¡awn
34 aS
lOI 34l·L7, OIcOurso -
34 . . . l·O4, anO LIackgoIsIho
aOvantagoaI Onco. 1ho ìmmooaIo
¡ush 34 Lb ìs LosIOoaIIwiIh Ly
34 a·Lb 3b a·Lb c·Lb
3o l·Lb (3o lLl ` L4) ob' anO
Ihogamo IizzIos OuI
(37lOÌ ` l·cb). ÏI \hiIohO¡osIO
win, ho must LomOro suLIIoIhan
IhaI, anO IhoIìrsIsIo¡isIO IixIho
L·¡awn mOro socuroIyanOroIm
asmany¡awns as ¡OssiLIo
34 . . . Rd7
ÏI 34 . l·L4 3b lLÌ lc¿
3ol·L7 l·O4, \hiIohasgOOO
winning chancoswiIhLOIh
37 lLo lab 3blc4(-ob) anO
37 la7 lL3 (37 lIb 3bh3
OOosnOIhoI¡) 3bl·ao l·cb
3¬ l·co otc
35 Rbl
lOw nocossary anO aIsOIhroaton·
ìng 3og3, tra¡¡ingIhoknighI
35 . . . N£4 36 K£2 Nd5
¯ho OnÍysuitaLIosquaroIOrIho
knìght,hO¡ingIO makoIhowhiIo
rOOk as ¡assivo as hìs Own, in
OoIonO¡ngIhoL·¡awn.
37 Rb3
Ïncroasingtho scO¡o OIhis rOOk
¬b
aIiIIIoanO¡Ianning lI3-o4¬b,
wiIhOuIaLOwmgIhoknighIIOrkaI
c3, IhoatIackOn tho o·¡awn Loing
IhoOnIywayIOmakoany¡rOgross
37 . . . Ne7
´OrrocIIya¡mingIOranoxchango
OIknighIsPnOIhor¡orIocIIygOOO
OoIonsivoschomoìs IO¡Iayhis
kingIO o7, IO koo¡OuIIhowhiIo
Ono, thonIho oxchango OIknighIs
savos LIackLocausoIho whiIo
O·¡awn isox¡OsoO 37 . . lIb
3b lI3 (3blI3¬ lgb anO Iho
rOOkmusIroIurn tO L3) lo7
3¬ h3 lIo 4U lI4 lob (nOI
4U TOb¬ 4l lob lIo
4¿ lg3 lhb 43lgo anO wins)
4Ì l·ob l·ob 4¿lob lo7,
IOIIOwoOLy43 lOb¬, Orovon
4¿ lOb¬ 43 l·oo l·O4, anO
LIackìs OutOIOangor
38 Re3
ÏI 3blI3 (Or 3blI3 lOb) lIb
oquausosaIOnco,sO \hitoìs
OLLgoOoiIhorIOhiIIhoo·¡awnaI
OncoOrIOtry 3bg4,whichaIIoasI
maìnIainscOm¡I¡caLOnsÏOwovor,
IhovariaLOns 3bg4 lgo (inIonO·
ing 3¬ . . ob) 3¬lo3 lo7
4Ulc4 lO7' Orhoro 4Ulo¿ ob
4Ì O·ob l·ob 4¿l·L7 l·L7
43 l·ob l·L4 aroharOIy
cOnvincing
38 . . . N£5
lOI3b lOb On accOunIOI
3¬ l·oo l·L4 4Ulod¬ lh7
4l lLb lc¿ 4¿l·L7 l·L7
43l·L7 l·O4 44lo3,anOIho
whito king¡onotraIos oasiIytO Oo
anOLoyOnO
39 RXe6 (Liagram¿) NXd4(?)
1homOsIsIraìghIIOrwarOwayIO
Orawis 3¬ l·Oo 4Ul·Oo
(4Uc·Oo lI7) l·Oo
4Ì c·Oo lI7 lorha¡sshOrtOI
timo, LIackmayhavoIhOughIIho
¡awnonOing OangorOus, LuIiI
hOIOs, whichovorsiOoIhowhiIo
kingIrios IO ¡onoIraIo. ÏI
4¿lI3 loo 43 lo4 l·Oo,anO
nOw 44lIb lOb loaOsIO a
harmIossquoononOing, whiIo any
atom¡IIO ¡ro¡arotOrIho racoIaiIs,
Locauso LlackaIwayshasIho
rosOurcoOIcOunIor·aItackng On
Iho ¸·sìOo, o. g 44g4 gb' Or
44h4 hb, anO \hìIo cannovor
quoonin¦ossIhanninomOvos
\hiIomayaIsOIrytO a¡¡rOach
Ontho ¸·siOo, LuIaIwayssoomstO
LoIhwarIoO LyhisOwn¡awn
woaknossos 4¿ lo3 lob
43 lO3 l·Oo 44lc4 lO7
4b lcb (4b Ob lOo' ) lc7
4o Ob c·Ob 47l·Ob lO7
4bg4 gb' 4¬h3 (4¬ lob lco
oIc ) lc7 bUlcb lO7
b Ì lLo lcb b¿Lb a·Lb
b3 l·Lb lc7, anO a Orawis
unavOiOaLIo (b4lcb lO7
bblOb lc7' oIc. )
ÏnciOonIaIÌy, atmOvo b¿\hiIo
goIs nOwhoro Ly la7 lc7, Ihis
manOouvro cOuIOOnly winiI
\hiIosa·¡awnworo LackaI a4
anOìIhohaOanOIhors¡aroIom¡O
Diagram <
¬¬
mOvo, viz b3Lb a·Lb b4 a·Lb
anO LIacksIIankisIurnoO,OrU
b3 ab b4 Iom¡O, anO aga¡n
LIackis IurnoO Ïn Iho gamo \hiIo
soIsOuIwiIhhis ¸·siOo ¡awn
stucIuro aIroaOy IixoO, honco his
OOminatngking ¡OsiIiOn is
insuIIicionI tO win
1ho mOvochOsonshOuIOsLL
Oraw,LuILIackìsmakingiIaLiI
harOorIOrhimsoII.
40 ReS+ K7 41 Re4
lOI nOw 4Ì lLb, asina¡rovìOus
nOIo, Locauso aIIor4l . lc¿
4¿l·L7 l·L7 43l·L7 l·L4
44lo3 lgo 4blO4 lIo 4olc4
(Or 4olOb lo7) lOb
47 lOb lo7 \hiIocanOO
nOIhing.
41 . . . NbS
ÏI4Ì lL3` 4¿ lo¿ lc ̬
43 lO¿ la¿ 44lc¿(-L¿) wins. ÏI
4 Ì . lc¿ 4¿lo¿ lgo
43 lO3 la3 44 lc3 amOunIsIO
muchIho samo asIho gamoLIack
isOLI¡goOIO sookaknìghI
oxchangosOOnorOrIaIor
Ly . lLb,aIIorwhichhs ¡awn
¡OsiLOnis woakonoO Locauso
\hiIocanLroakiI u¡ LyaoOr co
¯hoquosuOniswhoIhor\hiIohas
a cIoarwinOrnOI,ìn IacI, aIIor
42 NXb5
LOIh4¿ . c·Lb anO 4¿ a·Lb
a¡¡oar IO Oraw,ìIIOIIOwoOu¡
cOrrocIÌy. . c·LbhasIho
aOvanIagoIhaI\hitomusILroak
wiIh coanOuILmaIoIy croaIo
a ¡assoOa·¡awn,hiskingwiLIhon
havo IurIhorIOIravoIIOsu¡¡OrIiI
IhanwOuIOLonocossarywiIhIho
¡assoOc·¡awn whichwLa¡¡oar
aIIor a·Lb (LyaoanOarOOk
ca¡IuroaI co, IhaI is). 1ho
aOvanIagoOI . . a·Lb isIhaIaIIor
ao anO . L·ao LIackmay
Iiqu¡OaIoanOIhor ¡aìrOt¡awnsLy
aIimoIy ab
oOmosam¡IovariaLOns aIIor
4¿ c·Lb 43 lo3 wOuIOLoas
IOIIOws. (a) 43 lOÌ ` (vory
risky) 44lO4 lo̬ 4b lI4 lo¿
4olO7' l·g¿ 47 l·L7 l·h¿
4d co lL¿ 4¬ c7 l·L4¬
bUlob lc4 bl lOo hb
b¿lLo l·c7 b3l·c7 anO wins
cOmIOrIaLÍy Lyquooning his
a·¡awn, simuarvariaLOnsIO Ih¡s aro
oxaminoOIaIor, as ¡arI OIIho gamo
cOnLnuaIiOn (L) 43 lgo
44loo¬ (Or 44co L·co
4b loo¬ lIb 4o l·co lOÍ ' ,
whìchi ssimìÍarIO(u)LoIOw) lIb
4b lLo lob' (nOI4b lo7¬
4o lO4 lO7¬ 47 lOo, wiIh lOb
IOIOIIOw,sincoLIackOaro nOI
oxchango) 4oco L·co anOnOw
(i) 47 l·ao lOb, aIIorwhich
LIackcankoo¡Iho a·¡awnunOor
cOntrOÍanO sOOnÍiquiOatoturIhor
Ly cb
(u) 47l·co lOÌ 4dl·ao lLI
4¬lgo lL3¬ bUlO¿ l·L4
bÌ l·g7 la4, anO \hiIo cannOI
hO¡o IO win ÏIinIhisIino LIack
makostho misIako Ot47 . . lOo`,
Iho¡awnonOingcannOwLowOn
4dl·Oo l·Oo 4¬lO4 anO
\hìIowins Iho racoatIor 4¬ hb
bUh4 go bl g3 lco b¿ lob, OriI
4¬ . lco bUlob gb b l g4 lc7
b¿lOb lO7 b3lcb lc7 b4h3,
anOLÍack wìLLoIurnoOOn Iho
¸·siOo
42 . . . aXbS 43 Ke3 (Liagram3)
Rdl?
1hìsìs Iho OocisivomisIako, wiIh
LIack ÍOOkmg IOr cOunIor¡Iay aIìIIIo
IOO oarIy 1ho aOvancoO sIaIo OI
\hiIos¸

sìOo, nOI IO monLOn his
acIìvoking,moansIhaIhoisvory
IikoÍyIOwin aracoLoIwoon¡assoO
¡awns,aIIorIhoinovìIaLÍo¡awn
massacros.1ho conIraIisaIìOnOIhis
kìngshOuÍOsIÙ Oraw,IhOughcaro
isnooOoO, o. g 43 . lgo
44ao L·ao 4bloo¬ ltb
4ol·co la7' anOIhon.
(i) 47 lO4 ab 4dL·ab
(4d lLo a4) l·ab 4¬lLo la¿
bUco l·g¿ bÌ l·Lb ¬ loo
b¿ lcb (b¿ c7 lc¿) lO¿¬ anO
b3 . lOd, wiIh aOraw
(u) 47lLo lob' anOLIackhas
oquaIisoO,LuInOIIhisIimo
47 . . . ab` OnaccOunIOt
4dl·Lb a4 4¬ co¬ loo
bUlL7 lad bÌ c7 lcd b¿Lb
anO\hìIowins.
l UU
Ït\hìIo ¡Iays mOro sÍOwIy horo,
wohavosOmoIhingI:ko
44lod lI7 4blcd (Or
4b lad loo 4oao L·ao
47l·ao lOb, Or ovon 47 lc7,
anO\hiIoisachiovingnOIhing)
loo 4olo4 (iI 4oao L·ao
47l·co¬ lOb 4dl·ao lc4
OrawsoasiIy) lo7, anOiI
47 ao lO7¬ 4dlO4 L·ao
4¬ lad lI7, againwìIha Oraw.
44 Rd4 Rel +
lIho OOosnOIcuItho kìng OIt,iI wiII
Diagram 3
sim¡ly march inIO Iho ¸·siOo, o g
44 . lLÌ 4blI4 lL¿
4olob l·g¿ 47lOo l·h¿
4bõo L·ao 4¬l·co hb
bUlLo h4 bÌ co gb b¿lOb'
anOwins
45 K£4 Kg6(?)
ÏtisIOOlaIonOwtOIalÌ LackOn
OoIonco, Locausohis king is
LackwarO, iI 4b . . . lo7 \hiIo has
Iho ¡¦oasanIchOicoLoIwoon
4o lOo, throatoning 47 ao, anO
4olIb,¡lanning 47 lo4 anOIhon
loo. ÏOwovor, a LoI|orIighIing
chanco is 4b lo¿, Ihon 4olI3
IOllOwoOLyh4anOg4is slOw anO
¡ormiIstho a¡¡rOach OIthoLlack
king,o g. 4o . . lL¿ 47h4 lgo
4bg4 lIo anO\hiIohaslOst
mOstOIhis aOvanIago\hitocan
winaIIor4b lo¿, LutOnlyLy
immoOiaIo aI|ack,viz
4olO7| l·g¿ (4o lL¿ is Iho
chioI alIornatvo, asshOwnLolOw)
47l·L7 l·h¿ (iI47 . . lL¿
4bao l·L4¬ 4¬lob la4
bUa7 L4 b Ì lOo L3 b¿lc7 L¿
b3lLb wOulOLoIho oasiosIway)
4bao lL¿ (Or4b . . la¿ 4¬a7
anOLlackis muchtOOslOw,o. g
4¬ hb bUlgb' , Or4¬ . . lgo
bUlc7' ) 4¬a7 l·L4¬ (iInOw
4¬. . la¿ \hiIocOuÌOchOOso
bUlc7 la4 bÌ lIb laÌ
b¿ l·co l·a7 b3 lLo, whonhis
mOroaOvancoO ¡awnswilÌwin, Or
bUlob hb bÌ lOo h4
b¿l·co h3 b3lO7 h¿
b4lOÌ l·a7 bblLo' anOwins)
bUlob la4 bÌ lOo L4 (Or
bÌ . hb b¿l·co L4 b3 lLb)
b¿l·co L3 b3lc7 L¿ b4lLb
anOwins.
4o . . lL¿ loaOstO sOmohair·
raisingÍinos,wiIh\hiIo winning Ly
thoOOOIom¡O. 47l·L7 l·L4¬
Ì UÌ
4blob la4 4¬lOo l·ab
bU l·co la¿ b Ì lLo l·g¿
b¿ co l·h¿ b3c7 lc¿
b4lLb lgo bbcb/¸ l·cb
bo l·cb lIb (Iho immoOiaIo
aOvanco OIdo ¡awns, raIhorIhan
. lgo anO lIbIirsI, is alsOIOO
s¦Ow) b7 lcb gb (Or b7 . . hb
bb lhb) bb lO4 hb b¬lo3 lg4
oUlI¿, otc Ïinally,iIoarÍiorinthis
lino Llack ¡lays b l L4
b¿ co L3 b3c7 L¿ (Orb3 . lc¿
b4la7 L¿ bblLb) b4lco wins
46 a6!
1hisnOwwinswiIhlossrisk
46 . . . bXa6 47 Rd6+ K5
PraIhorOOO·lOOkingchOìco,LuI
LlackhO¡osIO havohisking
su¡¡OrLnghis ¡assoO¡awnsm
cortain variaLOns.47 . . . lI7 isin
anycasonOìm¡rOvomonI,o. g.
4bl·co lLÌ 4¬l·ao l·L4¬
bUlob lo7 (OrbU. . . lc4
b Ì lOo,hoaOing IOrL7,asinIho
gamo) bÌ la7¬ anO Llack is
quiIo lOst
48 RXc6 (Liagram4) Rbl
4b . laÌ wOuÍOLonOLoItor aItor
4¬ lLo ab bUL·ab l·ab
b Ì lob oIc, LuILlackcOu¦OwolÍ
Diagram ÷
havoLioO 4b gb¬, whìchIoaOs
IO acIOsoIin:sh 4¬lIb (IhroaIons
maIoinIwO) lI̬ bUlob lI¿
b l l·ao l·g¿ b¿co (b¿ lLois
alsO¡OssiLIo,whonIhowhiIo
¡awns aro aga:nmOro aOvancoO)
l·h¿ b3 c7 lc¿ b4lOo
(IhroaIons bb lco) l·c7
bb l·c7 g4, anO nOw \hiIo |usI
winsLy bo lLo g3
b7 l·Lb ¬ lg4 bb lcb hb
b¬Lb h4 oULo h3 oÌ L7 h¿
o¿Lb/¸ hÌ/¸ o3¸L4¬ anOIho
LIack quoon ìs IOsI
49 RXa6 RXb4+ 50 Ke5 Rb2
LIack hasnO chanco nOw, as ho
OnIyhastmoIOcOIIocIOno¡awn
OnIhol·siOo, anO Locauso\hiIo
cansoIu¡an iOoaÍshoIIoroO
¡OsiLOnIOrhis kìng ÏI bU lc4
b l co L4 b¿lOo L3
b3lLo lc3 b4lc7( -L7) oIc
51 c6 RXg2 52 c7 Rg5+
Lr b¿ lc¿ b3lOo anO tho
rOOk musI LosacriIicoOaIOnco
53 Kd4!
LuInOI b3 lOo` lgo¬
b4 lany l·ao bb cb/¸ lto
wiIhanaÍmOsIcorIainOraw(LIack
g·¡awnOntho socOnOrank,
OoIonOinghisrOOk,ÍoavosIho
whiIo quoonnO manOouvring
s¡aco LohìnO)
53 . . . Rg4+ 54 Kd5 Rg5+
55 KeG Rg2 56 Kb7 1-0.
GAME 26 \hìIo lOIugaovsky LIackLvans
oiogonLIym¡iaO, Ì ¬7U
(Liagram)Lccu¡atOnOIIhosovonIhrank,os¡ociaLy anaLsOIuIosovonIh,
caniniIso¦¡sOmotmosLosutticìonIcOm¡onsaLOntOra¡awn mIhis
¡OsiIiOn\hiIossovonIhrankissOmocOnsOIatOnIOrhísmaIoríaIOoIiciI,
¡artcuIarIysincoIhoonomyL·¡awnistìxoOasa IargoI ÏOwovor,wiIhhis
Own a· anOo·¡awnsisOIaIoOanOwoak,howOuO sIiLnOrmaLyIinOiIvory
OiIIiculIIOhOIOIho gamo. 1hoingonOuslOlugaovskyIinOs anOIhor
rosOurco
1 e4! £Xe4
l l·o4 ¿ l·L7 la4
3 lLo l·ab 4l·co wOuIOLo
a Oraw, sincoIhowhiIorOOkcan
¡lacoiIsoIIacLvoIyLohinOIho
¡assoO¡awn.
2 Ke3
lOwIhoLIack rOOkis cOm¡IoIoly
¡assivo anO \híIoisroaOywiIhhis
mOLiIo¡awnma|OriIy
2 . . . g5
lakingIhosovonthrankaLsOluIo,
LuIwhaIolsocOuOho OO`
(a) ¿ . cb 3 lc7 lLb
l U¿
4 l·o4 l·ab b l·L7 la¿
o lI3 lab, whichmayLothoLost
chanco,Lut\hitosactvo¡iocos
shOuIOstJonaL¦ohimtO Oraw
(L)¿ lLb 3 l·o4 l·ab
4 l·L7,which cOmostOtho samo
thíng
(c) ¿ lL¿ 3 l·o4 l·g¿
4 l·L7 l·h¿ (4 la¿
b lLo l·ab o l·co la¿ 7 lI3
anO agaínthowhitorOOkgots
LohinOtho ¡assoO¡awn)
b lLo lc¿ o l·ao anO \hitos
kingwíÌIra¡iOIysu¡¡Orthis
¡assoO ¡awn, wìth aIiko¦yOraw
(O) ¿ lh7 3 h4 lgo
4 g4 lIo b hb cb o lt4
(throatoníng 7 gb¬ anO bl·g7
withtwO cOnnoctoO ¡assoO ¡awns)
o3¬ 7 l·o3 l·g4
b l·L7 lL4 ¬ lLo ¬'
\hichovorwayLIack ¡Iays ho
OOos nOta¡¡oartOachiovo mOro
than amínimaIaOvantago
3 h3 Kf8 4 g3 Ke8 5 R7 Kd8
ÌtisnOtc¦oarthatmOvingthoking
awaytrOmtho onomy ¡assoO¡awn
isagOOOiOoa,LutLIackhO¡ostO
Iroohis rOOk IrOmitsOoIonsivo
LurOon
Ì U3
6 h4 gXh4 7 gXh4 Rb5
7 lcb bhb lLb ¬ho l·ab`
(¬ . . lhb Oraws) lUlg7 lhb
l Ì h7 lLb l ¿ lgb¬ la7
Ì 3 hb/¸ l·hb Ì4 l·hb actual!y
winsIOr\hito, asIho¡awns aro
tOOLackwarO tO stanOu¡ tOtho
rOOk.
8 h5 RXaS 9 h6 R5
10 RXb7 RXh6 1 1 KXe4 Rd6
´uIIingOIIIhoking,Lut\hito stIÌ
OrawscOmIOrtaLIy as Iho¡awns
arovory woak anO OnoOIthom
mustLo¦Ost
12 Ra7 c5 13 Ke5 Rd2
Ì 3 lho l 4lOb lhb¬ Ì blc4
aIsOIOsosa¡awn.
14 RXa6 Kc7 15 Ke4 Kb7
16 Ke3!
Ï I nOw Ì o lOb \hitocOuÌO
Orawoithor Ly Ì 7lho, Ioavingtho
king cutOIIOn arank,OrLy
Ì 7 laÌ , in which casotho ¡awnOn
thoIOurth rankìs insuIticionttO win
Locausotho whito kingìs OnIy cut
OIILyOnoIi¦o anOhis rOOk has
¡Ionty OIchocking O¡stanco OnIho
L·IiÌo.
16 . . . KXa6 17 KXd2 ¼-¼
·
GAME 27 \hiIo ZhiOkOv LIack lazuvaov
lool, Ì ¬7 l
1ho roIaIivo acIiviIy OIIho ¡iocosisos¡ociaLyim¡OrIanImrOOkonOings,
LocausoIhorOOkis LynaIuroa¡ìocowhìchOomanOs wìOoO¡ons¡acosìn
OrOorIOO¡oraIo oIIocIivoIy 1ho¡OsiIiOnin Lìagram Ì iLusLaIosIhis quiIo
woL. L¦ackis a¡awnOOwn,LuIro|ocIsa chancoIOIovo¦IhomaIoriaI
Locausoho ¡roIorsIO koo¡IhoacLviIy OIhis king anO rOOk aIamaximum,
IOox¡IOiIIho unIOrIunaIo ¡OsiLOnOIIho O¡¡Osingking.
1 . . . K£4!
\hiIoìs susco¡IiL¦oIO maIing
IhroaIs anOhìs¡awnsaro woak Ly
hisIirsImOvoL¦ackis koo¡ingIho
king nai¦oO IO Iho oOgo, anOIhus
onsuringIhaIiIs rOOk sIays
¡assivo¦yOnIhoIiIIhrankIO OoIonO
againsI Iho IhroaIOI . gb¬ anO
. . lh3 maIo. Ì . . l·oo wOuIO
aIsOhavo¦oIIL¦ackwiIh gOOO
winning chancos OwingIO Iho
scaIIoroO naIuro OIIho whiIo
¡awns, whìch as aruIo canLo
LoIIor ox¡IOiIoO i a rOOk onOing
Ihanany OIhor. lOwovor, LIacks
acIua¦chOicois muchmOro IOgìcaI
anO cOnvncing, aswiIILo soon.
2 a4
\hiIohasvoryIiIIIo chOico ÏI
Diagram Ì
l U4
¿ Ob` Or ¿ la7`, Ihon ¿ . . gb¬
IO¦IOwoOLy maIo lI ¿ h3 lg3,
IhroaIoning 3 . gb¬, wins
ìmmoOiaIo¦y
2 . . . Ra3!
LyIhousoOI ZugzwangLIacknOw
winshis ¡awnLackmmOro
IavOuraLIocircumsIancosIhan
LoIOro.
3 RdS Ra2!
PnoxcoIIonImanOouvro, Orìving
IhorOOkinIO amOro ¡assivo
¡OsiIìOnLoIOroca¡IuringIho
a·¡awn 3 l·a4wOuIOhavo
Loon¡romaIuroOn accOunIOI
4 lOb, whon lIb¬ is avaiIaLIo as
roquiroO
4 h3
ÏI 4lh3 gb wins.
Diagram <
4 . . . Ra3
lOwthoIhroaIOI b lg3 IOrcos
\hiIosnoxI mOvo
5 Rg5 RXa4 (Líagram¿)
1hiscOncIuOosIhoIírsI¡aHOIIho
onOing LIackskingisnOw
suIticionIIy woII·¡IacoO IO Lo cortain
OI¡ickíngu¡ atIoasIOno OIIho
conLo ¡awns, aIIorwhichho
shOuIOwinwiIhOuIIOO much
IrOuLIo
6 d5
ÏI o lg4¬ lIb 7 lg3 (Or
7 Ob l·g4¬ bh·g4¬ lob
¬ lgb l·Ob l Ulho l·oo
Ì Ì l·h7 lIo anO wins) la3¬
(nOI7 l·oo`` bOb¬) winning
Iho o·¡awn
6 . . . Ra5 7 Rg4+ Ke5 8 Kg5
1hoOnIychanco ÏI blgb¬ lIo
IOrcosIhorOOkIOro¦inquishIho
OoIonco OItho O·¡awn.
8 . . . RXd5 9 Kh6 K£6 10 KXh7
Lr Ì UlI4¬ lIb Ì Ì lh4 lhb¬
anOwíns.
10 . . . R5+ 1 1 Kg8 RXh3
12 Rg2 R5 13 R£2+ R£5
Ì 3 l·oo wOuÌO aIsO win, LuI iI
is sim¡Ior IOkoo¡ Iho whíIo king
cOnIinoOIOr as IOngas¡OssiLIo
14 Rg2 R4
ÏnOrOorIOhavoIho¡awns¡aIh
¡rOIocIoOu¡IOIhoIiIIhrank, anO
Ihus croato acOnvonionI squaro IOr
Ihoking aIgb
15 Rg1 g5 16 Rg2 g4
17 K7 Kg5 0- 1.
LIackcan¡ícku¡Iho o·¡awnín
¡orIocI saIoIy, whonovor howishos
GAME 28 \híIo.LsIrín LÍack lytoI
PILona, Ì ¬73
(Liagram Ì)PvoryIonso¡OsiIiOnwiIh¡assoO¡awnsOnLOIh siOos,in
whichIhorosuIIcanOo¡onOOnasingIoIom¡OinmanyvaríaIiOns \hiIo
hasIho aOvanIagoLocausohis ¡awns aro mOro aOvancoO anOsu¡¡OrtoO
Ly hís king,ínaOOiIiOnhis rOOkisaLIoIO goILohinOIhoonomy¡awns
mOrooasíIythanitsriva¦,
novorIhoÍossIhowinroquirosvory
accurato¡¦ay
1 d4 a4
Ìt l lI7 ¿ lIo¬ lo7 3 Ob,
LIackis ínLOuLIoLocausomaIing
IhroaIswiÌÌariso,o g 3 . . a4
4 Oo¬ lO7 b lI7¬ loo
o lo7¬ lIb 7 O7, íIhoro
4 lob b oo a3 (Or b lLo
o O7¬ lo7 7 lI7 ¬ l·oo
b lIo¬') o lho anOwins
2 Re8
ÏomusIcOmoLohínOIho LIack
¡awnnOw, sincoIhoro aro nO
Diagram Ì
Ì Ub
maLng throaIs againstthoL¦ack
kinganO L¦ackwOuIOquoonlirstin
a sIraighIraco, which is IanIamOunI
tO winninginthissOrtOt¡OsiLOn
2 . . . b5
¿ . a3 immoOiato¦y trans¡Osos
intO thomainLno
3 Ra8 Rb3+ 4 Ke4 a3 5 d5!
1hisis¡OssiLIo Locauso \hiIo|usI
goIsintirstaltor b . lL4¬
o lO3 (nOt o llb`` la4) lL3¬
7 lc¿ lL¿ ¬ (7 . lo3 b Oo)
b lcÌ L4 ¬ Oo,whonIho¡awn
runsIhrOughwhiIoIho LIackOnos
aroho¦O u¡. Ïn gonoraIIorms Ono
maysayIhaIthoconIraI¡OsiIiOnOt
Iho whiIokingonaL¦oshimIO
swiIchacrOsstO oiIhorwingas
circumstancos OomanO,i o IO
su¡¡Orthis Own ¡awns Or stO¡ tho
LIackOnos
5 . . . b4 6 d6 Rbl (Liagram ¿)
lOwIhathisOwn¡awnsarolar·
aOvancoO, L¦ackhascOuntor·
chancos, anO sOmovory shar¡
Iactca¦¡¦ayonsuos
7 Ra7+!
Vory accurato¡lay anO¡OssiL¦y
thoOnIywaytO win1ho a¦Iorna·
tivosaro 7 oo anO 7 O7, LOIhOl
Diagram <
which soomtOIoaOtO aOrawwith
Lost¡Iay.
(a) 7 oo lol¬ blOb L3'
(nOthingoIsowiÌÌOO, b llo
¬ o7 ll7 Ì Ullb¬ lg7
l Ì O7 lOl ¬ Ì ¿ lc4 a¿
Ì 3 Ob/¸ a Ì /¸ Ì 4lgb¬ lh7
Ì b lhb¬' wins tOr\hito,whi¦o
b lOl ¬ ¬ lco On¦yhoI¡s him)
¬ l·a3 (it ¬ O7 L¿ anO lOl ¬
il\hiIo quoons, Orit ¬o7 L¿
lU lLb a¿ anOL¦ackwins) L¿
l U lg3 ¬ llo l l lt3 ¬ lg7 wIh
a OrawLyro¡otIiOn,sinco L¦ack
wìL¦Oso uho strays IOO larLy
l l lgb l ¿ lg3 ¬ ll4`
l 3 lL3 lOl¬ l 4lcb' (tO avOiO
a chock atOo altorhis Ì bth mOvo)
lob Ì bo7.
(L) 7 O7 lOÌ bOb/¸ l·Ob
¬ l·Ob a¿ winstOrLIack \hito
can actuaLy stÙ Oraw altor
7 O7 lOl Ly boo lto
¬ lao lo7 l Ulob' anOnOw.
(í) l U L3 l l lab lo̬
l ¿ lOb lOl ¬ otc wiIh ro¡oIitiOn
l Uo
(u) Ì U lo̬ Ì Ì lOb lO̬
Ì ¿ lob, againwithro¡oIiLOn, LuI
nOI l ¿ lcb` L3 Ì 3 l·a3 L¿
anOLIackwms.
7 . . . Kg6
1ho¡OintOtthochockisc¦oarnOw
Ïl7 llb boo lo̬ ¬ lOb L3
(¬ . lO̬ ÌUlco oIc iswOrso)
l U o7¬ lt7 Ì l l·a3 L¿
l ¿ ll3¬ lg7 ( l ¿ lob aLOws
maIo) Ì 3 lL3 anO wins lIayingIO
tho thirO rank aIsO hasits
OisaOvantagos Locauso Ot
8 d7! .
´IoarIyIhis mOvois IhomOsI
tOrcing, anO sOisthotirsIchOico
¡rOvìOoOitis sOunO, anO,withtho
LIackkingOnIho IhirO rank,iI¡s
sOunOÏlnOw b lOÌ
¬ lao¬ ll7 l UlOo l·Oo
Diagram 3
l Ì o·Oo a¿ Ì ¿Ob/¸ aÌ /¸
Ì 3 ¸o7¬ lgo Ì 4¸ob¬
( Ì 4O7`` ¸o̬) lgb Ì bO7 anO
\hiIohasawmning ¡OsiIiOn,sinco
a conIro¡awnOnIho sovonIhisIho
mOsIIavOuraLIo¡OssiLIocasoOI¸
anOlvs. ¸ LIacks ¡awnis
irroIovanIhoro,hisOnIychancoís
¡or¡oIuaIchock,|ustasiIhohaO
nO¡awnhimsoII.lagosOIanaIysis
OIaIIIho ¡OssuIo chockswOuIOLo
¡OíntIoss,LuIIhowhíIokingshOuIO
aIwaysImOrotugoinIhorogíOnOI
gb,roIyingIargoIyOncrOss·chocks.
8 . . . Re1 + 9 K£4 Rfl +
10 Ke4 Re1 + 1 1 Kf4 Rfl +
12 Ke3
ÌtmighIsoommOronaIuraIIO ¡¦ay
IhokingIhrOughvia ObIOsu¡¡OrI
Iho¡awn,LuILÍackcanIhon|usI
hOIOIhoOrawLy goILnghisrOOk
ínIO¡OsiLOnwíIhaIom¡O,i o
Ì ¿ lo4 lo̬ Ì3lOb lIb'
Ì 4lOo L3 Ì b l·a3 L¿
Ì o lI3 ¬ lgo Ì 7 lL3 LÌ /¸
Ì b l·LÌ l·LÌ Ì ¬ oo lOÌ ¬
¿Ulo¯ lIbLy¡IayingIho king
Lack ho goIsaquoononOing
simuarIO IhoOnoinIho¡roviOus
nOIo, whichhocan|usIwm.
Ì U7
12 . . . Rd1 (Liagram 3)
1hoOnIyOIhormOvois Ì¿ . . . lIb,
aIIorwhich LIacks¡OsiIiOnis quiIo
hO¡oIoss Locauso his rOOkis
¡assivoanOhis king is cOm¡IoIoIy
shuI OuI, LoingunaLIooiIhorIO
inIorIorowíIhIhoonomy ¡awnsOr
su¡¡OrI hís Own. Ly cOm¡arisOn
tho whiIo kingisíOoaIIy ¡¦acoOanO
thoOnIyroasOnwhy LIackcanIighI
OnataIIís Ihathis ¡awnssIiIÌhavo
aIow rosOurcos avaiIaLÍo IO Ihom.
PItor Ì ¿. . . lIb l 3lo4 lLb
(thoroísnOIhíng oÍso) l 4lOb
( Ì 4oo` lIo) L3 ( Ì 4 . lIb
Ì b oo lto Ì olOo wins)
Ì b l·a3 L¿ Ì olg3¬ lt7
Ì 7 oo¬ lo7 l b lg7 ¬ lIo
̬ lI7¬ lgo ¿UlIÌ wms
13 RaG+ KS 14 Rd6 RXd6
15 eXd6 a2 16 d8/Q a1/Q
17 Qc8+! (Liagram4)
P vorystOnganOnocossary
chock, aswiLLosoon 1ho
cOmmonIs maOoin IhonOIosIO
\hiIos bIhmOvomcOnnocIiOn
wiIha¡OssiLIo quoononOinga¡¡Iy
horo ÌnoIIocIiI is¸ anO l agmsI
¸ anO LIackmusIIry tOr¡or¡oIuaÍ
chock.1OaÍargo oxIonIIho
Diagram ÷
sLOngor siOo mustro¦y On crOss·
chockstO osca¡otho¡or¡otua¦,
anOthís ís whytho OolonOíng king
shOu¦O Lo as lar away trOmtho
controOtactívítyas ¡OssiLIo
17 . . . Kg6 18 d7 Qe5+
VoryharOtO OociOowhich Ol
a muItítuOo OlchockstO chOOso
¯hoOnIy guiOoslOrL¦ack(a¡art
trOmavOíOingcrOss·chocks, Ot
cOurso)arotO koo¡ ascIOsoas
¡OssiLIotOtho whitokingín OrOor
tOtry anO cOntínohim, anOtho lact
thatthokíngwíLtry tO osca¡oin
thogonora¦OíroctiOn OlLbanO ab.
19 Kd2
Pttor l¬ lO3 ¸Ob¬ ho mustgO
tOc¿ anyway lonOw ¡ícksu¡ tho
LIack¡awn Onhis jOurnoy tO ab
sincoLIackOLviOus¦ycannOt
cOnunuochockínganO OolonOtho
¡awn ÏnciOontaIIy, thoro mightLo
sími¦arsítuatíOnswhoro \hito
wOu¦O ¡rotor nOt tO ca¡turo tho
¡awn atOncoLutusoitas a shoItor,
Lut thatOOosnOta¡¡¦y horo
19 . . . Qd4+
lOtcohOwusotu¦thoquoonis On
cb Ì ¬ ¸L¿¬ aI¦Ows tho crOss·
chock ¿U ¸c¿¬, anOaIIthotimo
¸c3¬, which wOu¦OOthorwíso
gívoan oasy ¡or¡otua¦, ís
ím¡OssíL¦o
20 Kc2 b3+
Lr¿U ¸o4¬ ¿Ì lL3 anOtho
¡awn gOos anyway
21 KXb3 Qd3+
¿l ¸Lo¬ ¿¿la4 ¸O4¬
(¿¿ ¸a7¬ ¿3 lLb) ¿3lab
¦oaOsintOtho gamo
22 Ka4 Qd4+ 23 Ka5 Qd5+
Lncoagaintho crOss·chockstO¡s
¿3 ¸a7¬ LOth ¿3 ¸a¦ ¬
anO ¿3 ¸O¿¬ ¦oaOra¡iOIytO
tho actua¦ gamo, sincotho kíng
hoaOslOrtho samo squaros
24 Kb6 Qd4+
LlcOursoho cannOtchockOntho
thírO rank, anOil¿4 ¸L3¬
¿b la7 ¸o3¬ ¿olab ¸a3¬
(¿o ¸o4¬ ¿7¸L7 ¸a4¬
¿b lLb ¸t4¬ ¿¬¸c7 ¸L4¬
3U lcb) ¿7 lLb ¸L4¬
¿b ¸L7 ¸Oo¬ ¿¬¸c7 ¸L4¬
3Ulcb wíns
25 Kb7 Qb4+ 26 Ka7 Qd4+
27 Ka8 Qd5+
lt ¿7 ¸a4¬ ¿blLb ¸L4¬
¿¬ ¸L7, Or ¿b ¸l4¬ ¿¬¸c7
anOthoking osca¡os tO cbas in
¡rovíOus ¦:nos gívon aLOvo
28 Kb8 Qe5 + 29 Qc7 Qb5 +
30 Ka7 1-0.
Ìl 3U ¸a4¬ 3Ì lL7 anOwins
GAME 29 \híto ÌvanOv LIackLOnchov
Lu¦garia, Ì ¬74
(Líagram I ) \hítoswínning ¡rOs¡octs withhís oxtra¡awn aro OíminíshoO
sOmowhatLy tho strongthOlthoL¦ack o·¡awn, anO aIsO Locauso his Own
L· anOh·¡awns aro rathor woak anOhis ¸·síOo ma|OrityisrostramoO
lovorthoIoss,ho just managostO OvorcOmoLIacksrosísta¡co
1 h5
¯híslooL¦o·¦OOkíng¡awnís actua¦¦y
OostínoOtO survívorighttO tho onO
l Ub
Ottho gamo Ìl I lcb¬ lOo (nOt
l lO4 ¿ llb, nOr l llo
¿ lco¬ lob 3 lLo' lh7
4 l·ao l·h4 b lgo' lh¿¬
o lO3 lO¿¬ 7 lc3 lOd d lg¿
oIc ) ¿ lc4 OnIyro¡oaIsIho
¡OsiIiOn.
1 . . . Rg7
Ì . . . lIb ¿ ho lh7 (¿ lgo`
3 l·I4 - LIackcaninnOcìrcum·
sIancos aLOwhisl·¡awnIO gO)
3 lco is usoIoss, whLoil l lh!
¿ lcb¬ llo 3 ho' lL7
4lhb lh7 (4 lgo b h7)
b lO3 anO \hiIohasnO roaI
¡rOLIoms, as LIacks ¡OsitìOn is
laIaIIy¡assivo 1ho OnÍy chancois
IO acLvaIoIhorOOkìmmoOiaIoIy
2 h6 Rg2+ 3 Kd3
3 lI Ì wiIÌnOIOO - 3 lI¿¬
4 loÌ l·I3 b lcb¬ lo4
o lhb lg3| ,aLoaOy IhroaIoning
maIoìnIwO,anOu 7lhÌ (Or
7 ll Ì I3 dh7 o¿¬ anOwms) I3
d h7 I¿¬ ¬lo¿ (Or ¬ ll Ì lI3)
lgÌ Ì Ulh4¬ lIb anOwins
3 . . . Rd2 + 4 Kc3 R2
ÏlLIack IriosIO lOrcoIhoìmmoOiaIo
aOvancoOlIho¡awnLy 4 . lOÌ
(4 lI¿ b h7 lh¿ o lo4¬ oIc.
Irans¡Osos, LuIwiIhIhoIOssOt
aIom¡OtOrLÍack) IhowhiIorOOk
roachosaniOoaI¡OsìIiOnLy
Diagram Ì
Ì U¬
b lo4¬ lIb (ilb . lOb
o h7 lhÌ 7 l·I4 o¿ - Or
7 . l·h7 d lo4 - d lo4 anO
\hiIoaIways lmishos u¡wiIhIhroo
¡awns againsIOno) oh7 lhÌ (Or
o lOd 7lo7 anO nOw
(a) 7 lIo dla7 o¿
¬ hd/¸¬ l·hd Ì Ul·ao ¬ llb
Ì Ì lO¿ anOwins, (L) 7 llo
d la7 lod ¬ lO3,winningIho
a·¡awn Locausoil¬ o¿
ÌUhd/¸¬, (c)7 lhd
d la7 lod ¬ lO3 o¿
ÌUhd/¸ l·hd Ì l l·o¿ lod¬
Ì ¿lO3 loo - Ì ¿ lo3¬
l 3 lc4 l·l3 Ì 4l·ao loavos
\hiIowiIhnO¡rOLIoms - Ì 3lO4,
wiIh lL7-Lo IOlOLOw anO\hiIo
wins) 7 lo7 o¿ (7 . lIo laiÌsas
LolOro,i. o. d la7 o¿
¬ hd/¸¬ l·hd ÌUl·ao¬ lIb
Ì Ì lO¿) dl·o¿ l·h7
¬ Lb a·Lb Ì UlL4 (Liagram ¿)
lhÌ (Or Ì U lh3 Ì Ì ao,Or
Ì U lgb, inIonOingIO gOIO g3,
Ì Ì lo4' , Or ÌU . . lL7 l Ì ao lLd
Ì ¿ a7 lad Ì 3la¿ oIc )
Ì Ì la¿ lLl¬ l¿lc3 L4¬
Ì 3 lc¿ anO\hiIoroachosawìn·
ningrOOkvs ¡awn onOingLy
Diagram <
Ì 3 . loÌ Ì 4ao lod Ì bc7 lad
Ì o lL3 lgb Ì 7 l·L4 lh4
Ì d lcb lg3 Ì ¬la3 l·a7
(IOrcoO) ¿Ul·a7 l·I3
¿ Ì lO4 lo¿ ¿¿ lo4 oIc
5 Rc6 R3
LLviOusIyLIack musI¡Iayas
aggrossivoIy as¡OssiLIo,Iho
aIIornaLvosLomgb la¿ anO
b lhÌ , LOIhIhroaIoningIO
aOvancoIhoo·¡awnPIIor b . . la¿
\hiIohas o h7 lh¿ 7 lc7,
IhroaIoning d Lb oIc,anOiI
7 lhl d lO3 lIo ¬ Lb' Ioavos
LIackhoI¡Ioss ÏIb lhÌ o lO3,
¡Iannìngsim¡Iy 7 l·ao,anOiI
thon o lO̬ 7 lo¿ lO¿ ¬
d loÌ anOnOwd lI¿ ìs usoIoss
LocausoOI ¬ Lb| a·Lb Ì Uao
anO wins, whoroas aIIor d . l_
\hito has ¬ Lb anOiI¬ a·Lb
Ì Uao lh̬ l Ì lo¿ lh¿¬
Ì ¿ lO3 lO¿¬ Ì 3 lc3 L4¬
Ì 4lL3 o¿ Ì b lcd anO wms ÏIm
IhisIasIImo ¬ . lh̬
Ì Ulo¿ lh¿ ¬ Ì Ì lO3 lO¿¬
Ì ¿lc3 la¿ Ì 3h7 lh¿ Ì 4lc7
winsIOr\hiIo
ÏnIhocIrcumsIancosIho aIIack
OnIhoI·¡awn,sLlIrosIrmnmgIho
onomyh·¡awn,isIhoLosIchanco
6 b5!
\iIh sO many ¡assoO¡awns
a¡¡oaring,s¡ooOìs OIIhoossonco
anOìnvìowOIIhìs ol·ao wOuÍO
LoOangorOus, IO sayIhoIoasI,
os¡ociaI¦y as ìI¡uIsIhorOOkOutOI
¡IayLIackwOuIOcOnLnuo
o l·I3 whorou¡On 7 Lb (Or
7 lLo) ÍOsos aI OncoLy 7 o¿¬
d lO¿ lo3 ¬ loÌ I3. 1horoIOro
7 la7 isnocossary,whon7 lh3
(nOI7 . o¿¬ d lO¿ lo3
¬ lo7¬) dh7 I3 ¬ lO3 o¿
Ì U lO¿ (iI ÌU lI7 Or Ì ULb o¡ /¸
Ì Ì lo7¬ lOb Ì ¿l·oÌ I¿¬)
lhÌ Ì Ì lo7¬ (Or
Ì Ì hd/¸¬ l·hd Ì ¿lo7¬ lOo
Ì 3 lo3 lhÌ ) lOo Ì ¿lo3 I¿ sIuI
winsIOr LIack
6 . . . Kd5!
ÏIo . a·Lb 7 ao whonLIacks
OnlyIryis 7 L4¬, whichIurns
OuIIO LomsuIIicionI ÏIIhon
d l·L4` o¿ ¬ lc I l·ho is
quiIosaIisIacIOryIOr LIack, LuI
\hiIo¡Iays b lO3 anOIhon
(a) b L3 ¬ a7 L¿ l O lLo l·ho
Ì Ì lLb¬ wins, (L)b . lOb ¬ a7
wins, (c)b lh¿ ¬ a7 o¿
ÌUab/¸ oÌ /¸ Ì Ì ¸abmaIo
P¦IornauvoIy, LIackmayty
o l·I3,which¦oaOstO awinIOr
\hìto aItor 7 L·ao o¿¬
Ì Ì U
b lO¿ lo3 ¬ lc l
1homOvo¡IayoOhassovoral
¡Oints (l) 7 L·ao ìs ¡rovonIoO,
(¿) 7l·ao IoavosIhorOOkOuIOI
¡IayasLoIOroanO\hiIowOuIOLo
inIrOuLloagaIn aIIor 7 . l·I3,
(3)LIackavOiOsLoingchockoO
whonIhoh·¡awnquoons, which
cOuIOLovoryim¡OrIanI.ÏisrOOk
nOwwaIchosIhis ¡awnanOhis
kingmOvosOnoIuonoarorIO Iho
OangorOus onomya·¡awn, (4)1ho
o·IiIois unLIOckoO,whichis
roIovmI m a variaLOn monLOnoOm
IhonoxInOto, (b) ÏinaLy, Llackis
ovonaLIoIOcOnsIrucIamaLg
IhroaI ( ' ) withhìs kìngaIOb
¸uiIo a¡OworIuImOvo,yOu
mightIhl:k,LuIovonsO \hiIo
IuOs awayIhrOugh
7 Rg6!
loIoasmgIhoL·¡awnÏInOw
7 l·t3 Iho now ¡OsiIiOnOIIho
LIackkingmakos aOuIoronco, in
IhaI bL·ao o¿¬ ¬ lO¿ lo3
ÌUlgÌ lo7 ¡ormiIsIhoLIack
rOOkIO Occu¡yhis LosI¡OsiIiOn
anOIhorosuIIisnOIcIoar, o. g
Ì Ì a7 l·a7 Ì ¿l·o¿ lo4 anO
nOwoiIhor Ì 3 laÌ lao
Ì 4h7 lho Ì b ao l·h7|

Or
Ì 3 lhÌ l·ab Ì 4h7 la¿¬
Ì b lI Ì la̬ Ì olg¿ I3¬
Ì7 lh¿ lab' ¡ormiIs LIackIO
Oraw.1horoIOro\hiIo shOuIO ¡Iay
b lO3' lI¿ (b o¿¬
¬ l·o¿ lo3¬ Ì UlI¿ lo7
Ì Ì lg7 isnO gOOO oìIhor)
¬ L·ao o¿ Ì UlO¿ I3 Ì Ì a7,
whìchwms ÏnviowOtIhis LIack
Irios hìs ¦ast shOI - IO mako
sOmoIhingOIIhoL·¡awn.
7 . . . aXb5 8 a6 b4+ (Liagram 3)
lOw ¬ l·L4` o¿ Ì Ulgl l·ho
wOulOLousoIoss
9 Kd3 R2
1hroaIons maIo.lOw\hiIohas
OnlyOnogOOOIino,LuIIhisi quiIo
suIIicionIIO win.
10 Rg5+ KeG 1 1 Ra5!
Locisivo, as howiIIquoonwiIh
chock
1 1 . . . Rd2+ 12 Kc4 e2
ÏI Ì ¿ lOb Ì 3 a7 anOnOw
(a) Ì 3. lL7 Ì 4ab/¸ l·ab
Ì b l·ab l·ab Ì oh7,
(L) Ì 3 o¿ Ì4lob lL7 (Or
Diagram 3
Ì Ì Ì
Diagram ÷
Ì 4. . lab Ì bh7) Ì b l·o¿ l·a7
Ì olh¿ lLo Ì 7l·L4 lco
Ì bh7 lhb Ì ¬lc4 anOwins
13 a7 Rd8
Lr Ì 3 oÌ /¸ Ì 4ab/¸¬ lc7
Ì b la7¬ lOo Ì o¸Ob¬ oIc
14 ReS (Liagram4) Kb7
15 RXe2 R8 16 R2 1-0.
PIIor Ì o l·a7 Ì7 l·L4 lLo
Ì b h7 IhowhiIokingsim¡Iy
roIurns anO¡icksu¡IhoI·¡awn.Ïn
casoanycOntusiOnarìsos,Ihisis
nOIOnoOIIhOso casos whoro rOOk
¬h·¡awn¬I·¡awnvs rOOkOnIy
IoaOsIO aOraw,Iho LÍackrOOk
musILoacIivoIOrthaItOha¡¡on,
anOOIhorOoIm¦sOItho¡OsiLOn
musI aIsO LooxacIIyrìghIIOrIho
OoIonOor ÏnIhis caso, OIcOurso,
IhorOOkishO¡olossIy¡assivo.
ÏnciOonIaIIy, Ì olo7¬ lab
Ì7 h7 wOuIOLoavorymisIakon
iOoa, Locauso OIaoIaIomaIo La¡,
i. o Ì 7 . . L3' anOiI
Ì bl·L3 l·h7, OriI Ì blg7 L¿
Ì ¬lgb¬ l·a7' anOIhoLosI
\hiIocan OOis¿Ul·hb LÌ /¸
¿ Ì lab¬ l·ab ¿¿hb/¸¬, aIIor
whichho¡icksu¡ Iho I·¡awnwiIh
a cOu¡ÍoOtchocks, LuIIhoLIack
kínghurriosLackintrOnIOtIho
¡awnanO OrawscOmtOrIaLIy,i o
¿¿ . lL7 ¿3¸g7¬ lco
¿4¸to¬ lO7 ¿b ¸·t4 loo oIc
Ì Ì ¿
&.Queens
WoLoginwith aroIatìvoÍy sim¡Íooxam¡IowhìchiIIustraIostho¡OssiLiI¡ty
OI winning quickÍyin a quoon onOingLy aOirocI maIìng attack
lOs 3Ì anO 3¿ aro OthoaviorcaIiLro Ïntho Iìrst OtIhoso Iho onOrmOus
¡OworOI a¡assoO¡awn su¡¡OrIoOLyìts quoonisoviOont,¡or¡oIuaÍ
chockis Iho woakor siOos OnIyhO¡oin such casos ÌnthosocOnOÌvkOv
shOws hOwtO maintainstoaOy¡rossuro agaìnsIavory woak¡awn structuro
ÏnthotinaIthroo gamosOIIho cha¡Ior OIhor ¡iocosaroinvOÍvoO, lO 33
LoìngaminOr¡iocoonOing which IumsintO quoonanO OOuLÍoO¡awn
agaìnstquoon lO. 34is quoonagaìnsIrOOkanO knighIanO sOmocIovor
¡Iayìs roquiroO tO avOìOa IOrtross¡OsìtìOn whìch Iho OoIonOorisaimìng
tOr lO 3b LoginsìnIho m¡OOÍo·gamo anO sOOnIhoro a¡¡oars tho aImOst
uniquomatoriaILaIancoOI IwO rOOks anO a LishO¡ vs quoon anO tOur
¡awns
GAME 30 \hiIo Ïocht LIack ViIIonouvo
lranco, Ì ¬7Ì
\hon OoaLngwith quoononOingswoaro IacoOwìIh anumLorOt s¡ociaI
characIorisIicsOuoonIiroIy IO tho quoons groat¡Owor Ï amnOIrotorrìng
OnIyIO Iho¡rOLIomOI¡or¡otuaI chock Ly tho woakor siOo, whichisvory
woLknOwn, Ihoro aro OIhor¡rinci¡Ios whicharo quìIowoLuIustaIoOLyIho
gamo oxIracIsLoIOw \omay summarisoatowOtIhoso wiIh roIoroncotO
IhoIìrst ¡OsìIiOn (Lìagram Ì)
(Ì) lnsOmocasosthoro aro chancostOrOnosìOotO¡ÍayIOra OirocI
maung attackLy aOvancinghìsOwnkingrighIu¡IhoLOarOanO
cOmLmingiIwiIhIhoquoon1his canovona¡¡lyinonOingsOIquoon ¬
3 ¡awnsvs quoon ¬ ¿ ¡awnsOnIho samosiOo OIIhoLOarO, whoroIho
winning chancos can OItonLoLoIIorthanwith rOOks
(¿)our¡risingÍy,IhokingisOIIonsaIorIrOm¡or¡otuaÍchockìIhorushos
u¡ Iho LOarOuIhisway,IhanìIho sIayssIuckinhis cOmorwìth
ìnaOoquaIo ¡awn ¡rOIocLOn 1his is largoIy Locausohohas mOro squaros
avaiÍaLIo ÍLIOckoOconIro suchas wohavoin Liagram l hoI¡s
cOnsiOoraLÍyOt cOurso,LuIovoninO¡on¡OsìtìOnsaconIraIisoO quoonwL
auIOmatìcaLy Oo¡rivoIho onomy quoonOIaÍargonumLorOIchockìng
¡OssìLiI¡Iios
(3) 1howoakwhiIosquarosarOunO LIackskingaro inviIingOccu¡atOn,
anOIhisIy¡oOIsiIuaIiOn suìIsthoquoons¡Owors OI¡onotraIiOnvorywoL
1ho OIhoraOvanIagowhich\hito¡OssossoshoroisIhowoaknossOItho
LIack O·¡awn, whìchìssìgniticant,thOugh nOInocossariÍy Ots¡ocìaI
roÍovancoIOquoonanO ¡awnonOìngs
l l 3
Diagram Ì
1 h5
ÏìxingIho whiIo·squarowoaknoss
1 . . . Kf8
lI Ì ¸L4 ¿ ¸ob¬ lh7
3 lg4 ¸·L3 4 lIb ¸o3 (Or
4 . . . L4 b loo ¸c3 o ¸Lb L3
7 lI7 anOwins) b loo ¸a7 (Or
b L4 o ¸Lb anO 7 lI7 is
unsIO¡¡aLIo) o ¸·Lb anO LIack
isquiIolOsIsmcoholOsoshis
O·¡awn,hohasnOcOunIor¡IayanO
IhoIhroaIsIO his king¡orsisI
ÌILIackhaO¡IayoO4 . L4
b loo ¸c¿,Ihon o ¸Lb ¸a4
7 l·Oo L3 bloo anOhis¡awn
goIsnO IurIhor, b . . ¸a3 Loing
answoroOLy ¬ lI7 oIc
2 Qa8+ Ke7 3 Qb7+ K8
4 Kg4 Kg8
¯hokmgsmarch IhrOugh Iho
whiIosquarosisIho OLviOus anO
cOnvincing ¡Ian, anOwith quoons
OnIhomaImg¡OssiLLIios aro an
aOOiIiOnaIhazarOIO LIack oínco
¡assivo OoIoncoisI¡kolyIOLomOro
OangorOus inquoononOings Ihm
in any OIhor, wonooOIO oxamino
Llacks immoOiaIo cOunIor·aIIack in
¡roIoronco IOIh¡sking mOvo ¯ho
mamLowOuIO Lo. 4 . . ¸I¿
b lIb ¸·g¿ o ¸cb¬ lI7
7 ¸O7¬ lIb (Or 7 lgb
b ¸ob¬ lh7 ¬ loo ¸·I3
Ì U¸go¬ lgb l Ì l·Oo anOIho
¡assoO¡awn, su¡¡OrtoOLyIho
king, wins oasiIy, os¡ociaLysinco
matngIhroaIs aro süIintho mr)
b¸·Oo¬ lI7 ¬ ¸c7¬ ltb
l Uloo ¸h3¬ Ì l lOo ¸·I3 (Or
l l . . ¸·hb l ¿ ¸o7¬ lgb
l 3 lc7 ¸·I3 Ì 4Oo ¸c3¬
Ì b lL7 anOIho¡awnsOOnruns
IhrOugh) Ì ¿¸o7¬ lgb
Ì 3 ¸ob¬ lh7 Ì 4lo7 anOwms
aIIor (a) Ì4 . . . ¸·o4 Ì b ¸go¬,
(L) Ì 4 . ¸·L3 Ì blI7, Or
(c) Ì 4. . ¸c3 Ì bOo ¸·L3
Ì oO7 ¸L4¬ Ì 7lI7 ¸c4¬
Ì b¸oo ¸c7 Ì ¬lob.
LIackOociOosIOmOvohiskmg
awayaIOnco,LuIIhoroisnO
osca¡otrOmIhomaugnoI.
5 KfS K7 6 KeG Qf2 7 Kf7
\hiIo IìnOs anoaIwayIOImish.Ïis
IhroaIOI b ¸cb can LomoIínOnIy
Onoway
7 . . . Qh4 8 Kf8! 1-0 (iIb ¸gb
¬ ¸I7)
GAME 31 \hiIo ÏuLnor LIack lockmg
\i|k·aan·Zoo, Ì ¬7 l
¯his socOnOoxIracIOoaIs wiIh anOthor characIorisLcOIquoononOmgs
oincoIhoquooncannOILo¡rovonIoOIrOm oscOrLng a ¡assoO ¡awn aIlIho
wayIhrOughIO IhooighIhrank,iIIOLOwsIhaIIho¡OssossiOnOIa¡assoO
Ì l 4
¡awnisusuaLy IhomOsIroIovanIIacIOr ÏI canOociOoan OIhorwisooquaÌ
onOing, Or savoaninIoriOr Ono, sOmoIimossovoral¡awnsOOwn
(Liagram Ì ) 1 . . . c5!
ooizinghis chancoIOcroaIo
anOIhor ¡assoO ¡awn,\hiIo musI
ca¡Iuro.
2 dXc5 d4 3 Qe4
ÏI 3 ¸cl ¸c3 anOIho¡awnisIOsI
anyway
3 . . . QXc5 4 a4
1ho¡OsiLOnmay LoaIiIIIo
Ooco¡tvo LÍack hOÍOs acIoar
aOvanIago, Locauso (a) his quoon
cansIrOngIy su¡¡OrtIho O·¡awn
anO,in sOmo circumsIancos, aIsO
Iho h·¡awn, (L) inmOsI¡OsitOns
\hiIo Oaro nOI oxchango quoons
anOIacoIwO wiOolyso¡araIoO
¡assoO ¡awns, (c) inmOsIonOings
IwOcOnnocIoO ¡assoO ¡awns
wOuIOcOnIoraIromonOOus
aOvanIago, LuIwiIh quoonsIhisis
nuII¡IioOLocausoasingIo ¡awn can
Losu¡¡OrIoOsOoIIocLvoÍy
\hiIohasa¡rOLIominOociOing
whoIhorIO¡Iayhisking acrOssIO
LIOckaOoIhoO·¡awn ÏI
4 ¸h7 ¬ loo b ¸gb¬ (Or
b ¸o4¬ lOo o ¸I4¬ ¸ob) lIb
o ¸h7¬ lI4 7 ¸o4¬ lgb
Diagram !
Ì l b
bI4¬ lho ¬ lI3 ¸c3¬
ÌU lo¿ h4,wiIh LIackkoo¡ing
a stOnginiLaLvo ÏoIhoroIOro
OociOos IO Íoavoh¡skingwiIhm
rangoOIIho h·¡awn IOrIho Lmo
Loing.
4 . . . Qg5+ 5 Kfl
b lI¿ ¸O¿¬ o lg3 O3 IoaOsIO
¡OsiLOns simiIartOIho gamo
5 . . . Qcl + 6 Kg2
ÌtsoomsÍikoIythat\hitosLost
chancowasIO Ly anO staynoartho
O·¡awnaIa¦!cOsIsLy o lo¿ PItor
thaILÍacks sIrOngosI ¡Iay is
o ¸L¿¬ 7lol ¸c3¬
b lo¿ h4 ¬¸·h4 ¸o3¬
Ì UlI Ì ¸·I3¬ Ì Ì loÌ ¸o3¬
Ì ¿ lI I O3, whonhohaswinnng
chancos Locauso his ¡awnis sO
aOvancoO anO Locauso IhowhiIo
kingiscuI OII, sO IhaI\hiIoOaro
nOIsIO¡ chock¡ng LnIhoOIhor
hanO, \hiIo OOoshavoagroaI
numLorOIchocks,aIaIIovonIsIhaI
wOuIOhavoLoon LoIIorIOrhim
IhanwhaIacIuaLyha¡¡ons ÏnIh¡s
Imo \hiIo aIsO has aIIornaIivos aI
mOvo nino, Lutin oach caso Iho
chocksovonIuauy stO¡ anOhois
loII Iacing Ihoun¡IoasanIIhroaIs Ot
¸o3¬, O3¬ OrsOmoIimos
h3 ÏOroxam¡Io
(i) ¬ ¸h7¬ loo ÌU ¸o4¬ lOo
l Ì ¸I4¬ lcb, osca¡ingIO Iho
¸·siOo, (i¡) ¬ ¸L7¬ lIb
Ì U¸Lb¬ lg7 l Ì ¸L7¬ lho,
(i¡i) ¬ ¸Ob¬ lg7 l U¸O7¬ lho.
6 . . . Qd2+ 7 Kh3 d3!
(Liagram ¿)
1ho¡OssossiOnOIa¡assoO¡awn
OuIwoighsmmOsIanyIhing ÏInOw
b ¸h7¬ lIb ¬ ¸·hb ¸o¿ anO
\hiIosOnIyhO¡ois ¡or¡oIuaI
Diagram <
check, LuLIhe LIack king wíII
a¦wayslínOsaleLy,ilnecessary
amOngIhe¸·síOe¡awns' lOr
insLance (a) Ì U¸cb¬ lg7
Ì Ì ¸c7¬ lgo Ì ¿¸g3¬ llb
Ì 3 ¸g4¬ leb Ì 4¸g3¬ lOb
Ì b ¸gb¬ lO4 Ì o¸c4¬ le3
l7 ¸cb¬ (Or Ì7 ¸eo¬ ll¿'
l b¸Lo¬ ll Ì ) lO¿
Ì b¸L4¬ lc¿ l ¬ ¸c4¬ lLÌ ,
anOílnOw ¿UL4 ¸·l3 ¬
¿ Ì lh¿ O¿' , (L) l O ¸hb¬ le7
l Ì ¸g7¬ leo Ì ¿¸g4¬ leb,
withIrans¡OsiLOninIO (a)\hiIe
LherelOreIries yeI anOIherseríes Ol
checks
8 Qd5+ Kg6 9 Qe4+
Lr ¬¸gb¬ llb l U¸Ob¬ ll4
Ì Ì ¸e4¬ lgb Ì ¿¸h4¬,
trans¡OsingínIO the game
9 . . . Kg5 10 Qh4+ Kg6
1 1 Qe4+ K6 12 Qd4 Kg7
13 Qd7+ Kg6 14 Qe8+ Kg5
1hekingislOrceOOuILO avOiO
¡er¡eIum, LuInOwhewÙ Lein
a ¡OsiLOnLOIh IO su¡¡OrIhis
¡asseO¡awnanOIO aIIackIhe
l·¡awn Lnce agaínwe seehOw
Ihekíngis much salermakíng
a|Ourney OOwnIhe LOarO Ihan
Diagram 3
LuckeOawayín hiscOrner
15 Qb5+ Kf4
PLLackíng a ¡awn ís One OlIhe
suresI ways OlsIO¡¡ingasIring Ol
checks, sinceevenIhe queen
cannOIaIways checkanOOelenO
a ¡awnaLIhesameLmeLnLhe
OIher hanO, there are ¡OsiIiOns
whereiIis sim¡IertO Ly·¡ass such
a¡awnanOuseíI asexIra
¡rOIecIíOnlOrIheking
16 Qc6 (Liagram3)
Ì o ¸·hb ¸e¿ Ì7 ¸g4¬ le3
Ì b¸eo¬ ll¿' Ì ¬¸Lo¬ ¸e3 ís
nOuse,whue l o¸c4¬ le3 IeaOs
IO asimí¦ar¡OsíIiOn
16 . . . Qe1 !
Ì Ì o
\hiIewasthreaIeningIO OistuL
thingsLy Ì7 ¸e4¬, LutLIackis
quiIe ¡re¡areOtOsacrilicehis
l·¡awnwiIh check, ashenOwhas
ac¦earwinníng manOeuvre ínmmO
17 QXf6+ Ke3 18 Qe5+ Kf2
19 Qh2+ KXf3 20 Qg2+ Kf4
21 Qh2+ Kf5 22 Qd6
ÏOsesimmeOiaIeIy, LuIhehasnO
Oelence agaínsItheO·¡awn,U
insIeaO ¿¿ ¸a¿ ¸hl¬
¿3 lg3 h4¬
22 . . . Qf l + 23 Kg3 h4+ 0- 1.
GAME 32 \hiIela¡lan LIackÏvkOv
oaOlau¦O, Ì ¬73 luyLO¡ez
1 e4 e5 2 N£3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6
4 Ba4 d6 5 c3 Bd7 6 d4 N£6
7 0-0 g6 8 Nbd2 Qe7
9 Bc2 Bg7 10 Nc4 0-0
1 1 dXe5 NXe5 12 N£Xe5 dXe5
13 Bg5 h6 14 BX£6 BX£6
15 Ne3 c6 16 Bb3 Rad8
17 Qc2 Bg5 18 Rfe1 Be6
19 Rad1 RXd1 20 RXd1 BXe3
21 fXe3 BXb3 22 QXb3 Qg5
23 c4 (Líagram Ì )
1hís enOingís nOIaL¦e lOr LIacks
¡ersisIenIanOOeIermineO aIIem¡Is
IO ex¡¦OiIhisO¡¡OnenIs ¡awn
weaknesses PI lirsI sighI \hiIes
OOuLIeOanOisOIaIeOe·¡awns,
IhOughOLviOusIyweak,maynOI
seemIO LelaIaLy sO ÏIisvery
instructve IO seehOwÏvkOv makes
Ihe mOsIOlhís sIenOerwinning
chances Lyhis ¡recise queen
manOeuvres,inliIIraLng \hiIes
gameanO highIighIingiIs OelecIs
23 . . . Rd8!
¯heli¦emusILe chaIIengeOin any
evenI, anOL¦ackisquiIe ¡re¡areO
IO ¦eIhís L·¡awngOanO acce¡Ithe
ísOIaLOnOlhisremaíníng¸·siOe
¡awnsilhecan¡enehaIeIOIhe
hearI Olhis O¡¡OnenIsgamewiIh
his queen
24 RXd8+
Ïl ¿4ll¿ ¸h4¬ wíns a¡awn
1heOnIyOIher¡IausiL¦emOveis
¿4lO3 anO,il¿4 ¸h4, ¿bg3
ÌnIhaIevenI LIackmighIcOnIinue
¿4 hb, when \hiIe sIarts IO run
shOrIOlmOves - il
¿b ¸Ol ` ¸·e3¬, Oríl
¿b ll¿` ¸h4¬, Or il ¿b h3 IO haII
IhelurIher aOvance OltheL¦ack
¡awn, LOIh ¿b ¸h4 anO
¿b l·O3 ¿o¸·O3 ¸g3 are
stOng
24 . . . QXd8 25 QXb7
lavingcOnceOeOtheO·liIehe
swaI¦OwstheLaíI, lOril
¿b ¸c¿ ¸ab IhreaIens maIe anO
Ihe a·¡awn ¿b¸c3 is ¡erha¡s
¡IayaLIe,LuIis aLIIIe ¡assive, e g
¿b. . ¸Oo ¿oll¿ llb
¿7 le¿ le7 ¿b ¸O¿ (Or
¿b ¸O3 ¸L4) ¸cb eIc.
25 . . . Qd1 + 26 K£2 Qc2+
ÏlnOw ¿7 lgÌ ¸·e4
l l 7
¿b ¸·ao ¸·e3¬ ¿¬ll Ì ¸c ̬
anOIakesIheL·¡awnwiIhcheck
27 K£3 QXc4
1heIhreaIOl¿b ¸l̬ isquiIe
stOng anO \hiIes l·síOeis
remarkaLIy Oillícu¦IIO OelenO Ïl
nOw ¿b ¸Lb¬ lh7
¿¬ ¸·eb ¸·a¿ gíves a¡OsiIiOn
nOIunlikeIhe game, wiIh\hiIe sIi¦I
sulleringlrOmhis unwieIOIy ¡awn
sIrucIure
28 b3 Qfl + 29 Kg3 Qe2!
lín¡Oínung\híIesweaks¡OI
Diagram !
30 Qb8+!
Ïtis LottortO OolonOtho o·¡awn
with gainOltom¡Oín this way Ïl
3U¸·co ¸·o3¬ 3 l lh
(3Ì lg4` hb¬ 3¿ lh ¸I4¬ anO
matos) ¸I4¬ (nOt3Ì ¸I¿¬
3¿ lh3 ¸·a¿ 33 ¸ob¬)
3¿lh3 hb 33g3 ¸l I ¬
34 lh lg7 anOthokingisin
OulicuItios
30 . . . K7 31 Qa7 Kg7 32 Qc5
´Ountor·attackinganOro·
contaLsingthoquoonsoomstO Lo
thoright¡rOcoOuro¯homtomaLvo
is 3¿a4, altorwhich 3¿ hb,
throatoníng 33 ¸g4¬, isa
tom¡LngmOvo\hitomustthon
¡Iay 33h3 ¸ol¬ anOil
34lt3` h' , whonhiswhOIo
l·siOowilILoOostrOyoO lOwovor,
altor 34lh¿ LIackhasnOt gamoO
muchLocausohis Own¸·siOo
¡awnsarosOvuInoraLIoÏlho
¡Iays 34 . . ab, íntonding 3b ¸c3,
thon 3b¸cb is ¡orloct¦y
satislactOry lOr\hito,Oril
34 ¸ab 3b ¸O7
LIacksLostLno altor 3¿ a4 is
3¿ . ¸O3 33 lI3 ¸·L3
34 ¸·ao cb, whonhomayhO¡o
tO gainlrOmLoingsl¡ghtlyahoaOin
tho raco, o. g. (a) 3b ab c4
3o ¸Lo ¸O̬ 37lg3 c3
3bao c¿ 3¬a7 cl /¸
4Uab/¸ ¸hb 4Ì h3 ¸gb¬
4¿ lh¿ ¸oÌ anO LIackisLOunO
tO win (L) 3b ¸Lb c4'
3o¸·ob ¬ lh7 anOíl 37¸Io c3
OolonOs thot·¡awn. (c) 3blo¿ c4
anOtholurthor a¡¡rOachOltho
kíngOnIyhoI¡s Llack. linaLy, íl
(3¿a4 ¸O3) 33 ¸Lo ¸·o4
34¸·ao ¸·o3¬ shOuIOsullico
tO wmlOr LIackin viowOlthoLaO
¡OsiLOnOltho whitokinganOtho
¡assoO o·¡awnÏnviow Olthoso
variaLOns, \hitoschOicosooms
Lost
32 . . . QXa2 33 QXe5+ Kh7
34 Qc3 Qe2!
lotumingtOthomOstaggrossivo
squaro ÏlnOw 3b¸·co` ¸·o3¬
IoaOst Omatoaltor 3olg4 hb¬
otc ,Or 3olh gb¬
37 lhb ¸o¿¬ 3bg4 ¸·h¿ Ïn
s¡itoOlthis \hito cOuO ¡rOLaLIy
havosurvivoOLy 3b h3, throaton·
ingtho c·¡awn, as his quoonis
quitowolIcontralisoOanOthoLIack
¡awnsaroaIsO woak
35 h4? (Liagram¿)
Lutthis croatiOn Olanow
woaknossatg4isharOtO
unOorstanO \hitomayhavoloIt
thatho wOuIO Lo saloLy¡íckíng
u¡ Ono OlthoLIack¸·siOo¡awns,
LuthoOnIyoxchangos OllOno Ol
hisOwnstrOng ¡awnslOr awoak
onomyOno,anOhisromaining
¡awns aro sOwoakastOmakohis
OolonsivotaskoxtromoIyOillicuIt
35 . . . h5! 36 QXc6 Qg4+
l l b
luchLottortOIoavo\hitowithh¡s
woako·¡awn, Ol cOurso, thantO
¡Iay 3o ¸·o3¬
37 Kf2
Diagram <
Diagram 3
ÎI 37 lh¿ ¸·h4¬ 3blgl ¸ol¬
3¬ lh¿ ¸·o3 4U¸·ao ¸·L3,
anOLIackhascIoar winning
chancosins¡itoOlIhoroOucLOnOl
IhomaIoriaIIOOnosiOo lirsIIy, Iho
whito o·¡awnwOuIO nooOcOnsIanI
¡rOIocIiOnLyIho quoonanO,
socOnOIy, Iho sIrOngorsiOocan
OlIonaOvancohiskingmsuch
onOingsanOcroaIomaIingIhroats
¯horo aroinlacImOro winning
¡OssiLihLoshoro Ihan thoro wOuIO
LoinIhooquivaIontrOOkonOing
37 . . . QXh4+ 38 Kfl
lOI 3b lo¿ ¸g3,whonho must
oithorIOsoa¡awnLy 3¬llÌ Or
aLanOOn tho g·¡awn, whon LIacks
h·¡awnwilIrun IhrOugh
38 . . . Qh1 + 39 Kf2 Qa1
40 Qb6(?)
4U¸Ob,conIraLsinganOawmLng
ovonIs, wasaIsO ¡OssiLIo LIack
IhoncOnIinuos4U . . ¸lo¬ 4Ì lo¿
(nOI 4Ì lg3 h4¬ 4¿lg4 ¸l¿' )
h4, Irying lOrIho samokinO Ol
l·siOo¡Iayas ha¡¡onsinIho
gamo.\hiIohasa OilloronI ¡Ianin
minO,mvOIving Iho aOvancoOlIho
o·¡awn LuI, sinco Ihis OOos nOI
succooO, ho OnIy croatosalurIhor
woaknossinhis ¡awn sIrucIuro. Ïn
¡arLcuIar, LIack goIs mOro
O¡¡OrIuniLos IO Ollor anoxchango
OlquoonswiIhIhowhiIo ¡awn aI
ob sinco hisking can quickIy
aOvancoOnIhis ¡awn, anOtho
whiIokingis aIsO Oo¡rivoOOltho
squaroob.
40 . . . h4 41 e5?!
oOIhaIil4Ì . . . ¸·ob
4¿ ¸·ao ¸L¿¬ 43ll3 ¸·L3
IhoonOingis muchLotIorlOr\hito
IhanIhosimiIarIy¡omonLOnoOin
tho nOtoIO his 37IhmOvo,Iho
o·¡awn is Ioss ox¡OsoO,thowhiIo
king¡rOtoctshim anOishimsoIl
salor OuIOltho cOmor, anOllnaIIy
tho LIack h·¡awn isaIiIIIowoakor
41 . . . Qb2+ 42 Kf1 Qb1 +
43 Kf2
Ì Ì ¬
Lr 43lo¿ ¸c¿¬ anOhomusI
gOIO IhoI·liÌo.
43 . . . Qf5+ 44 Ke2 Qe6
(Liagram 3)
´Om¡aroIhonOIoIO\hiIos4UIh
mOvo 4b¸·oo l ·oo 4oll3 gb
47 lg4 lgo isaOoaOIOsslOr
\hiIo.
45 Qd8
Lr 4b¸O4 gb 4o¸o4¬ lho
anOtho ma|OriIyis rOILnglOrwarO
nicoIy.
45 . . . Qg4+
¯ho¡IanisnOwIO croatoa¡assoO
¡awnLy . . . h3.\hitomOvoshis
kingsOasIO avOiOachockwiIh
Ihoro·ca¡Iuro.
46 Ke1
Ïl 4oll¿ ¸g3¬ 47 llÌ h3 anO
LIackIakosLackwiIh chock.
46 . . . Qg3+ 47 Kd1 h3
LlcOurso47 ¸·g¿`
4b¸·h4¬ IoaOsIO¡or¡oIuaI
chockaIOnco.
48 gXh3 QXh3
PltormIhooxchangos, OirocIanO
ínOirecI, \híIe is sIÙ IelIwiIhhís
weak e·¡awns'
49 Qd3
Ït 4¬le¿ ¸h¿¬ wins a¡awn,
anOinanycase\hiIewishesIO
LringhisqueenLackinIO¡Iay, ¡ín
Iheg·¡awnanOmenaceIhe
a·¡awnlOwever, wiIh a¡asseO
¡awnLIacksaOvanIage is
LecOmng very ¡rOnOunceO
49 . . . Qe6 50 b4!
Ïnaqueen enOing Ihe OegreeOt
aOvancemenIOl¡asseO¡awns
cOunIstOr mOrethantheacIuaI
numLer1herelOre,itnOw
oU ¸·eo o Ì ¸·ao ¸·e3
o¿ Lo anO LIackcanharOIy
achievemOre than ¡er¡eIuaIcheck
50 . . . Kh6 51 Qd4
Ìl o l ¸Oo ¸L3¬ o¿le¿ (Or
o¿ lO¿ ¸a¿¬) ¸c4¬
o3 ll3 lho anOIhe kíng anO
g·¡awn aOvance LnceIheLIack
queenseIIIesOna¿ Or c4she
secures IhewhOIe ¡OsiIiOn
51 . . . K5 52 Ke 1 Qg4
53 Qd6 Qc4 54 K2
PIIhOugh\híIeskinghas
a¡¡rOacheO,IhaI mOnewÙ nOI
sullice IO sIO¡ Ihe ¡asseO ¡awn, as
LIackcanIauncha OírecI aIIackOn
himwíthkinganOqueen.lemOve
Ihe LIackt· anOa·¡awnsanOaLIhe
whiIeOnesanOIhe gameshOuÌO Le
a OeaOOraw, aIIhOugh LIack
wOuIOLe a¡awn u¡ Ìere,
hOwever,Iheextra¡awnsOLsIrucI
thewhíIe queens checking
chancesanOín suchan enOingIhe
su¡¡OrIeOg·¡awnLecOmesvery
strOng ínOeeO
54 . . . Kg4 55 Qd7+
Lr oo¸OI¬ llo anOIhe e·¡awn
ismtrOuLIe
55 . . . K4
1heIasImOve LelOre IheIime
Ì ¿U
Diagram ÷
cOntO¦, sO LIack¡Iays sale Ïn tact
oo . ¸eo oo ¸O4¬ lh3
(oo lto`` o7¸l4mate)
o7¸l4 ¸a¿¬ obleI is rather
awkwarO lOrLIack
56 Qd8+
oo¸O4¬ ¸·O4 o7e·O4 lg4
ísaIOsIenOinglOr \hiIe, i. e
(a) obOo lto o¬Oo leo
oUle3 lo oÌ e·lo (Or
oÌ O7 l·O7 o¿ e·to leo, Or
o l le4 l ·eo o¿ O7 l·O7
o3 l·eo lco) l·Oo o¿ lt4 (il
o¿lO4 leo o3lco go wíns)
leo o3lgo ll7 (L) oble3 lto
o¬ll3 go oUlg3 le4 anOwíns
56 . . . K3 57 Qd6
Ït o7 ¸hb¬ ¸h4¬, Oril
o7 ¸O7¬ ¸eo stO¡s Ihe checks
57 . . . Qe6
lOwIheintenIiOnis . . go,tOgether
wíIh ¸to¬ itnecessary, Oríving
Ihe kíng away trOmIhe ¡asseO
¡awn
58 e4!
1his resOurcegiveshimalighLng
chance leIhreaIens o¬¸O3¬
anO oU¸g3¬, Orivíng Ihe king
Lack, anOsimu¦IaneOusIy¡re¡ares
IheaOvance OlIhe king lOwever,
his¡awns a¦sO LocOmo mOro
vuInoraLIo nOw
58 . . . Kg4
PchangoOl¡¦an,aItacking tho
nowwoaknoss
59 Ke3 Kg3 (Liagram 4)
Ïto¬ go oU ¸Ol¬ istrOuL¦o·
sOmo,LuInOw Iho whiIo quoonis
chainoOtOIho o·¡awn 1honoxI
¡haso shOws LIack om¡IOying a
numLorOlIacIica¦ rosOurcos IO
avOiOchocks
60 Kd4
Ït oU¸O4 Or oU ¸Oo, sim¡Iy
oU go
60 . . . Kf4(?)
1hisisinaccuratoanO cOu¦Ohavo
wastoOa¦OIOtIimo Ït sOOn
LocOmos c¦oarIhatoU . . lt3 was
righI
61 Qc7!
1hroaIoning o¿¸c̬, whích
wOu¦O LoacOnsiOoraLIo
OisIurLancotO tho kíng
61 . . . Kg4 62 Qd6
\híIo OocíOos IO ro¡oaIIho
¡OsíIíOn,LuthocOu¡Ohavo causoO
mOrotrOuLIowith o¿ ¸c¿, lOr
oxam¡Io o¿ . go` o3¸o¿¬ lh4
o4¸h¿¬ anOil o4 . . ¸h3
oo ¸I¿¬ ¡icks u¡ Iho I·¡awn Ïl
o¿ ¸O7¬ o3 lo3 lh3 (Or
o3 go o4¸o¿¬) o4¸o¿ again
makos things vory Oitlicu¦IlOr
LIack LIacks LosI¡rOcoOuro
sooms IO Loo¿ . ¸O7¬ o3 lo3,
lirsIOrivingIhokingLack,Ihon
o3 lgo o4¸g¿¬ lho,
roIroatíngríghtLackIOg7it
nocossaryPlIorthatIho whíto
quoonwOu¦O agaínLo nooOoO On
tho ¸·síOo tO ¡rOIocI hor ¡awns
anOtho g·¡awncOuIO Ihon
aOvanco wiIhiIs king LohinOit
62 . . . K£3!
1horíghtsquaroIhis Iimo ÌtnOw
o3 ¸co Or ¸c7, ¸L3 sIO¡s Iho
chocksanO throaIons o4 ¸o3¬
oIc
63 Kc5
lacoOwíththothroatOltho
g·¡awn,Ihis ¦asI aItom¡t has ahínt
Ol Oos¡oraIiOn aLOut it
63 . . . KXe4 64 Kb6 Qc4
1hoOocisivomOvo,sIO¡¡ingIho
chocksanOcOvoring ovoryIhing
65 Qc5 Kd3!
Vorynoat,ítnOw oo ¸Oo¬ lc3
anOIho L·¡awnwilIlaIIaIthovory
Ioast
66 Ka5 g5 67 Qd6+ Ke4
\íIhthog·¡awnOnosquaro
lurIhorOn,Ihoroís nOwnO nooOIO
gOIO c3lOrtho ¡rOIocIiOnOltho
quoon, as hohasamuchsim¡Ior
win
68 Qc5 Qb5+! 69 QXb5 aXb5
70 KXb5 g4 71 KeG g3
72 b5 g2 0- 1.
GAME 33 \híIo ´hanOOn·lOeI L¦ack LOII¦ík
´Orros¡OnOonco, l ¬74 Lvans ´amLiI
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bc4 Bc5
4 b4 BXb4 5 c3 Ba5 6 d4 d6
7 Qb3 Qd7 8 dXe5 Bb6
9 Bb5 a6 10 Ba4 Qe6
1 1 BXc6+ bXc6 12 0-0 RbB
Ì ¿ Ì
1 3 K1 dXe5 1 4 QXe6+ BXe6
15 NXe5 Ne7 16 Ba3 f6
17 Nd3 Bc4 18 Rd1 (Líagram l )
LIackhas chOsonOno OtIho
sOunOostOotoncostO tho Lvõns
´amLiIanOhascOmeweLOuIOl
IheO¡ening,in s¡iIe Olhis
weakeneO¸·siOe¡awns lenOw
avOíOsthewinOt a¡awnLy
l b L·O3 Ì ¬l·O3 L·t¿
Lecause \hiIewOuIOhave
cOm¡ensaIiOn inIhe lOrm Olhis
acIive rOOkanO LishO¡ anOIhe
sl¡ghIIy awkwarO ¡¦acíngOtIhe
L¦ack kinganO knighI ÌnsIeaO he
reIains hisLishO¡·¡airlOra whiÌe
18 . . . Rd8 19 Nb2 Kf7
´OveringIheLishO¡Lymeans Ol
Ihe Lack·rank IhreaI, a¦sO the
naIuraI OeveIO¡menI ¿U lO¿ is
¡revenIeO (¿U Le¿)
20 Rd2 Be6 21 BXe7
PgainareIucIanI OecísiOn,LuI
OIherwise hOw ís IheknighIaILl
IOLe Oeve¦O¡eO`PnOil ¿ l t3 aI
Once,Ihen ¿Ì . Le3 ¿¿ lc¿ (Or
¿¿ le¿ Lc Ì ¿3 g3 L·L¿
¿4 L·L¿ lO̬ ¿b lg¿ lhOb
eIc) lO7 anO\híIeissIÙ LeO u¡
21 . . . KXe7 22 £3 Ba5 23 Rc2
¿3 lO3 l·O3 ¿4l·O3 lOb
wOuIOharOIyLeany im¡rOvemenI.
23 . . . Rd7 24 Na3 Rd8 25 h4!
¯he OetenceOlIhe LackrOwmusI
Iake¡riOriIyanO\hiIe avOiOs LOIh
Diagram !
Ì ¿¿
g3 anO h3On generaI¡OsiLOnaI
grOunOs,h3wOuIO aLOw alixing
O¡eraLOnLy gb, . hb anO
h4, whí¦e g3 wOu¦O¦eaveIhe
whOIe secOnOrankex¡OseO¯he
OnIy OIher mOve, lgÌ , OLviOusIy
givesIheLIack·squareLishO¡
IacLcaIchances, e g ¿blgÌ lO¿
¿o l·O¿ l·O¿ ¿7lac4 L·c4
¿b l·c4 L·c3 ¿¬lcÌ LO4¬
25 . . . Rd2 26 Na4 Rd1 +
¯hereisnO ¡OinIinexchangngaI
c¿,IhewhiIe a·¡awn is IhenexI
IargeI
27 RXd1 RXd1 + 28 Kh2 Ra1
lOIicehOwIhe LishO¡s¡eneIraIe
inIOevery cOmer OlIhe¡OsiIiOn,il
nOw ¿¬c4` LL4 suOOenIyIra¡s
OneOtIheknighIs' ÌnIhecírcum·
sIances\hiIeIakes his On¦y
chance,hecOunIer·aIIacks wiIhhis
knighIs againsI Iheweak¡awns
29 Nc5 RXa2
¿¬ L·a¿ is aIIeasI as gOOO,
¡erha¡sLeIIer, asL¦ackwOuIO
kee¡his¡Owertu¦ rOOk ÏnaOOiIiOn
\hiIewOuIO LeIelIshOrIOlgOOO
mOves, e g. 3Ul·ao` LL3
30 RXa2 BXa2 3 1 Na4
Pgain, 3Ì l·ao L·c3 isuseIess
- Ihe LishO¡s wOuIOOOm¡naIeIhe
LOarO anOIhe c·¡awn wOuIO Le
hOmeinnO Iime
(3¿ l·c7` Leb¬) ÌtnOw
3 l . LL3 3¿ lcb LOl (Or
3¿ . Ll7 33 la4, anOIhe |OL Ol
OisIOOgingIheknighIsisuncOm·
mOnIy OillicuII) 33lLÌ Le¿
34 lg3 LLo 3b lL3 Ihe kníghIs
are LeIIer¡IaceO, IhOughIhe
¡OsiIiOn cOuIO harOIyLe heIOínIhe
IOng run LIackwanIs mOre,
hOwever, anOhe¡IaysIO kee¡ Ihe
trOnI knighIOuIOl cb a¦IOgeIher
31 . . . Kd6! 32 Kg3 (Liagram ¿)
Bb3 33 K£4
lOneeOIO mOveIhe aIIackeO
knighIyeI, Ihe OnIyresOurceis
ara¡iOkingmarch,síncehewiL
sOOnhaveIO aLanOOna¡iece
wiIhOuIevenwinningIhe a·¡awn
lOriI
33 . . . c5(?)
1hisisreaIIy awasIe Oltme 1he
sím¡lesIIineis 33 L·a4 aIOnce,
whenwehave 34lc4¬ lcb
3b l·ab lLb 3ollb (nOI
3olL7 lLo 37lOb LL3' anO
Ihe¡awnruns in) l·ab 37hb (il
37 leo LL3¬ 3ble7 lLb
3¬ llb ab anO wins) LL3
3bho g·ho 3¬l·lo lLb
4Ul4 ab 4Ì eb a4 4¿lb a3
43eo a¿ anO\hiIeremains
a ¡ieceOOwn
34 Kf5 BXa4 35 Nc4+ KeG
3G NXa5+ Kb5 37 KeG
PsinIhe¡reviOusnOIe,Ihe kníghI
musILeaLanOOneO, since
37 lL7 lLo 3blOb LL3 Ieaves
hímnO hO¡eOlcaIchíngIhe
a·¡awn.
37 . . . KXa5 38 Kf7
LIacksmOsIsIraighIlOrwarO
winningLne is nOw 3b lLo
3¬ l·g7 Leb' , sIO¡¡ingIhe
Diagram <
Ì ¿3
h·¡awn, uIhen 4Ug4
(4U l·h7,llb anO l4arealI
answereOLy 4U . ab) ab
4Ì hb a4 4¿l·h7 a3
43 lg7 a¿ 44ho aÌ /¸
4b h7 ¸·c3 wins ÏnsIeaOhe
¡Iays IO aIIack IhewhiIe¡awns
wiIhhís LishO¡, whichsIilIwins,LuI
IakesIOnger lOwever,Ihe queen
enOing which sOOnlO¦IOwscOnIains
sOme ingeniOus IacIíca¦¡OinIs
whíchwOu¦O neverhave arísenhaO
he chOsenIhemOsIaccuraIelíneI
38 . . . Bb5 39 KXg7 Bfl 40 g4
1akingeiIher¡awnwOuIOcOsIhim
IwOOthis Own anOwOuIOLe quíIe
hO¡eIess, LuIIhis wayguaranIees
Ihe ¡rOmOIiOnOlIheh·¡awnwíIhin
a lew mOves
40 . . . Bg2
4U Le¿ isaIsO¡IayaLIe, e. g
4Ì l4 L·g4 4¿l·h7' (Ihe
h·¡awn inIhis caseismOre
OangerOusIhanIheIwO cOnnecIeO
¡asseO¡awns which wOuIOa¡¡ear
alIer4¿l·lo) anOnOwLOIh
(i)4¿ . lLo 43lgo ab
44hb L·hb¬ 4b l·hb a4
4oeb anO (u) 4¿ . Ll3
43
_
go' L·e4¬ 44lb Ll3
4b hb L·hb¬ 4o l·hb ¦eaO IO
IhesameenOing as in Ihe IexI
41 f4 BXe4 42 h5 (Líagram 3)
KbG
lOI4¿. . . Ll3 43 l·h7 L·g4
44ho Llb¬ (lOrceO) 4blg7 lLo
4ol·to Lh7 47 lg7 Lc¿ 4bh7
anO\hiIe queens títsI, atIerwhich
he¡rOIecIs hisIasI ¡awnanOIhe
winís much mOre OillicuII
43 hG a5 44 f5 a4 45 KXh7 a3
4G KgG a2 47 h7 al/Q
48 h8/Q QXc3
lOw,ms¡iIeOlIheextaLIack
¡iece, \hiIehas very OeliniIe
cOunIer·chances wiIhhis¡awns
Djagram 3
locannOttako aIlo immoOiatoIy,
Locauso Iho c·¡awn wOu¦OLotOO
lasttOrhim,nOrwiII 4¬gb sutlico,
Locauso Ol 4¬ L·tb¬
bUl·lb ¸·ob¬ oIc¯homOvo
chOsonishis LosIchancoanO
OLLgosL¦ackIOwiIhOraw tho
LishO¡, tho OL¡ocIiOnIO iI is IhaIIho
quoon wiII Ihon Lo nOno tOO woI¦
¡IacoOIO harass Iho onomy king
49 Qb8+ Bb7
íOI4¬ lco` bU¸ad¬
50 g5 (Liagram 4) £Xg5!
LIacks ¡¦annOwcOnsists Ol
aIIOwing thowhito¡awntO quoon
anOostaLLshinghisOwn g·¡awn
OnIho sovonIh ¯hothroattO quoon
wi¦¦IhonLostrOng onOughIOtOrco
aIransitiOn tO awinningquoon ¬
OOuL¦oO¡awn vs quoon onOing Ïn
IhoinIorvoning mOvos hìs k:ng wiL
havo sulticionI ¡rOIoctiOn ovonin
Iho¡rosoncoOtIwOonomy quoons
ÏnviowOtIhoIhroat b l g·lo ho
canroaIIy OO voryLtIIooIso, IhOugh
Iho cOrrocInoss OtIho iOoacOuIO
On¦yLoosIaLLshoOLoyOnO OOuLt
unOortho cOnOiIiOns Ot cOrros¡On·
Oonco¡¦ay
51 £6
b Ì l·gb ¸g7¬ isnaturaIIy
usoIoss
51 . . . g4 52 £7 g3 53 £8/Q g2
1hoquoonshavonO chanco Ot
goIungtO gri¡swithIhoLIackking
inIho shOrttmoavai¡aL¦o,sOtho
tOLOwingmOvois cOm¡uIsOry Ïl
instoaO b4¸ho (Iho On¦ywayOt
gottngachock' ) gÌ /¸¬
bblh7¬ co bo¸Ob¬ la7 anO
Iho chocks run Out
54 Qf2 Qd3+!
P ¡rociso quoonmanOouvro nOw
lOrcosthoroquiroO¦iquiOaLOn
55 Kg5
PItornativos aro astOLOws
(a) bb lg7 ¸O4¬
bo¸·O4 c·O4 anO wins
(L) bb llo Or bbll7 ¸lI anO
wins
l ¿4
(c) bb lhb ¸h7¬ bolg4 Or
bolgb gl /¸¬ anOwíns
(O) bblho ¸Oo¬ bolgb (Or
bo lg7 ¸O4¬ anO OIhorwiso
bo ¸h¿ wiIh chock) ¸O4' anO
\hiIocannoiIhorIako tho ¡awn
nOroxchangoquoons, nOr chock
anywhoro'
55 . . . Qd4
oim¡Iy trans¡Osing inIO (O)aLOvo
Djagram ÷
Diagram b
\híIetries his ¦asI Oes¡eraIe
chance, LuIaOOuLIeO¡awn
nOrmaIIy winsinIheensuing
enOmg, LecauseOlIhe exta
¡rOIecIiOn allOrOeOIOtheking
56 QXb7+ KXb7
57 QXg2+ Kb6 58 Qa8 Qe5+
59 K6 (Líagram o)
¯heweaker kingLelOngsas lar
awayas¡OssíL¦e in OrOerIO avOiO
crOss·checkswhích wOu¦O
exchange queens, LutLís OOes nOI
sullicehere.ÏnaOOiIiOnIO \hiIes
OIherIrOuLIes,Iheenemyqueenis
aIreaOyíOeaLy¡IaceOinIhecente
59 . . . c4 60 Qb8+ Kc5
61 Qa7+ Kd5 62 Qa2
Lr o¿¸ab¬ co o3 ¸ao¬ leo,
whichissimiÌarIO Ihe game
62 . . . Kd6! 63 Qa6+ Ke7
letreatngawaytrOmIhe¡awnsís
quiteínOrOeras¦Ongasthechecks
aresIO¡¡eOanO IhelrOnI¡awnis
Ì ¿o
¡ermiIteOIO crawIOnOne mOre
square
64 Qa2 c3 65 Qc2 c5
66 Qh7 + Kd6 67 Qd3 + Qd4
68 Qa6+
Ïl ob¸g3¬ lco o¬¸l3¬ lLo,
it ob¸go¬ lc7 o¬¸l7 ¬ lLo
7U¸eo ¬ lao 7 l ¸a¿ ¬ ¸a4.
¯herearemanysuchvariaIiOns,
LuIIhekmgaIwayslínOs sheIIer
amOng the¡awns
68 . . . Ke5 69 Qe2 + Kd5
10 Qa2+ Ke4 71 Qa8+
Lr 7Ì ¸c¿¬ le3 7¿ ¸c̬ ¸O¿
anOLIackchecksnexILme Ïl
7 l ¸g¿ ¬ lO3 7¿¸go¬ lO¿
73 ¸g¿¬ lc Ì 74 ¸l l¬ ¸Ol
wins.
71 . . . Ke3 72 Qa3 Kf2!
oIO¡¡ingIhe checks aIIOgeIher
anO havmg ín minO sOmeaOOiIiOnaI
IacLcaI¡OínIs.
73 K7 c2 74 Qa2
LIacks OOuLIeIhreaIwasIO
exchangequeens Ly 74 ¸h4¬
OrcheckIwiceath4anO goanO
Ihen¡rOmOte the ¡awn ¯herewas
nOkingmOvetO¡reventIhis anOil
insIeaO 74 ¸c Ì ¸O3¬
7o lany le¿| smOIhers Ihe
queenanOIhreaIens 7o ¸O¿,
answeringanyqueenmOveLy
7o ¸c4¬ Or ¸c3¬,
accOrOingIO whereIhekinghas
mOveO
74 . . . Ke3!
P neattinish, \hiIe cannOtIakethe
¡awn, nOr check, nOr cOverc Ì
0- 1.
GAME 34 \hiIo. lOIOv Llack. LoOnarski
lranco, Ì ¬ob
(Liagram)¯horOOkanOknighIaro muchlosslikolyIO LoaLloIO cOnsIrucI
tho kinOOllOrIross¡OsiIiOnagainsIIhoquoonwhicharOOkanOLishO¡
sOmoLmos can \iIh oqual¡awns anOwithawhiIo¡assoO¡awnalroaOyin
oxístoncoOnowOulO ox¡ocI Iho quoontO winlair¦yoasi¦y, LuI caro mustLo
Iakon,u l Lo l·Lo ¿ ¸·Lo ll4 wohavoanaLnOrmalsiIuaIiOnwhoro
Iho quooncan novorwinÏlL¦ack|usImOvoshis kingLoIwoongo,g7anO
ho, OrhisrOOklrOml4tO O4, IhoquoonalOno cannovorOvorcOmoIho Only
¡OssiLlo woaknoss aIloanO Ol cOurso IhowhiIokingis¡ormanonIlyshuI
Out. ¯Omakoany¡rOgross\hiIomust sOmohOw ¡rOvOko anOthor
woaknossinhís O¡¡OnonIs gamo,LutIho moIhOO OlOOing this ís lar trOm
OLvíOus. lirstIho kmg is tuckoO away
1 Kf2 Rd2+ 2 Kgl
lo must¡lay horo, alIhOughiI
givos Llack Iho canco OlaIacIica¦
sIrOko,il ¿ lt Ì lO̬ |ust ro¡oaIs,
Locauso 3 lo¿ ís un¡layaLlo,
whilo ¿ lol lo¿ ¬' 3llÌ
(3lOÌ lc3¬ isIhowoll·knOw¡
Orawinga¡¡araIus ) lO¿ 4lgÌ
(Or 4¸O7¬ lgo o loÌ lO4
oIc) |usIloaOsLackinIO tho gamo
2 . . . Rdl +
lolucIantlyro|octing ¿ . l·g¿¬,
as his ¡iocos wOulOthon Lo
cOm¡rOmisoO|ustlOngonOughlOr
IhowhiIo¡awnIOLocOmotOO
Ì ¿o
OangorOus,í o 3lhÌ lO¿
(3 . ll4 4¸o7¬ anO o Lo
cannOILoallOwoO) 4¸O7¬ lgo
b Lo anOLlackhasIO surronOor
hís rOOkatIor b . lL¿ o L7 lt4
(o . lo3 isnO LotIor, ho cannOI
Organiso¡or¡oIualchock -
7 ¸cb lL̬ blh¿ lL¿ ¬
¬ lgÌ oIc) 7 ¸cb lL̬
b lh¿ lL¿ ¬ ¬ lgÌ l·h3¬
ÌUlt Ì Pttor Ihís Iho onOing Ol
quoon ¬ ¡awnagainsIkníght ¬
4¡awnswOu¦OLoquiIolOsIlOr
Llackas iIwOulOLoim¡OssiLloIO
OolonO ovoryIhing againsI ara¡iO
invasiOnLyIhoking
3 Kh2 Rd4 4 f4! !
PhíghlyOrigína¦mothOO Ot
woakoníngLlacks¡awn sIructuro
whichox¡¦OiIsIhorathorIonso
¡OsiIiOnwhichhis¡iocoshavohaO
IO assumo. lOw4 . l·l4 is
OoloaIoOLy o ¸o7¬ lgo oLo
anO tho ¡awnisaway, cOsting
Llackhís rOOk Ìt4 . . . o·l4 Iho¡in
o ¸O7¬ lgo o Lo is oqual¦y
OoaO¦y, whJo aItho samo Iimo
\hiIos IhrusIcloarlycannOILo
ignOroO,sO
4 . . . gX£4 5 b6 NXb6
LLviOusly lOrcoO, LuIaOilloronI
siIuaLOnnOwOLIains lrOmIhaI
monLOnoOinIhoinIrOOucIOrynOIo,
OwíngIO Iho woaknossOlthoLlack
h·¡awn¯horosuIIís thaIIhorOOk
cannOlOngorhOlOtho quoon'
6 QXb6 Kg6 7 Qc6
¯hroatoning b¸cb anO ¸g4(¬)
whonIhoh·¡awnlalls,Orilo g.
7 lgb b¸cb lb ¬ ¸gb¬ anO
l U ¸hb¬ winning a¡awn.¯his
lOOks OoaOÌy anO Llacks noxI
mOvoisin lacthisOnly líghLng
chanco, ¡rOIocIinghish·¡awn.
7 . . . f3( ! ) 8 QXf3
íOI b g·l3`, homustkoo¡Iho
mOvo g3 i hanOtO croato
a ¡assoO ¡awn Pltor bg·l3 Iho
gamois almOsIcorImnlyOrawn
8 . . . Kg5 9 Qb7 e4
LlackisIom¡IoOinIO aOvancing
Iho¡awnas quicklyas ¡OssiLlo, as
\hiIomayhavo hO¡oO, anOsO
lOsos his h·¡awn laOhorolrainoO
lrOmIhis anO ¡IayoO, say, ¬ ll4,
\hítowOulOhavowOnmOro
slOw¦yLy g3anOIho aOvancoOl
Ihoh·¡awn
10 Qg7+ Kf5 1 1 Qg4+ Ke5
12 Qh5+
\híIo hass¡OIIoOan iOoalsquaro
lOrhisquoonLohinOIhoLlack
o·¡awn, whichís whyho ¡rOvOkos
Ib.
12 . . . f5 13 QXh4 e3
14 Qe7+ Kf4 15 Qe6!
lormanontlysIO¡¡íngany
¡rOgrossLy Llack, as l b lo4 ís
OoalIwiIh Ly Ì og3¬ lgb
Ì 7 h4¬ lg4 Ìb¸go¬ anOLlack
lOsos ovoryIhing.
15 . . . Rd2 16 h4 1-0.
GAME 35 \hiIo Lukacs Llack larsza¦ok
LuOa¡osI, l ¬7o ¸uoons´amLiIPcco¡IoO
1 d4 d5 2 c4 dXc4 3 Nf3 Nf6
4 e3 Bg4 5 BXc4 e6 6 h3 Bh5
7 Nc3 Nbd7 8 0-0 Bd6
9 Be2 0-0 10 e4 e5
1 1 dXe5 NXe5 12 Nd4 BXe2
13 QXe2 Ng6 14 Nf5 Be5
15 f4 BXc3 16 bXc3 Re8
17 e5 Nd5 18 Qf3 Nb6
19 Rd1 Qc8 20 Qg4 Qe6
21 Rd3 Qc4 22 Rg3 Nd5
23 R3 NXc3 24 K2 Nd5
25 Ne3 NXe3 26 BXe3 Qe6
27 Qh5 Ne7 28 Rc1 g6
29 Qg5 Race 30 g4 Nd5
31 Bd4 Qe7 32 Qh6 Qb4
33 Rd1 c5 34 Ba1 Qe4
35 e6 f6 36 Kg3 RXe6
37 f5 gXf5 38 gXf5 Re7
(Líagram Ì )
\híIo hasLoon ¡rossingharOlOr
Iho atIack atIho cOst OlmaIorialOn
tho¸·siOo anOsLÌhasIhroaIs,LuI
Diagram Ì
Ì ¿7
LIackhascOrrect¦y cenIraLseO anO
isOnIhe ¡OintOlre¡uIsinghim anO
IakingLheiniIiativehimseIt\hite
theretOre OeciOes On aqueen
sacriliceIO kee¡ his aLLack aIive
39 RXdS!
LIackwasthreaIening 3¬ lg7¬
etc anOtheknightmustin any
case Le e¦¡minaIeOit\hiIe is tO
generaIe anyrea¦Ihreats
39 . . . Rg7+
Ptter3¬ ¸·Ob 4U¸·lo lcc7
(theOn¦ymOve,it 4U leeb Or
4U lceb 4Ì ¸hb¬ anOmaIe
nexI mOve, il 4U lec7
4Ì ¸hd¬ ll7 4¿¸g7¬ leb
43le3¬ lOb 44Lto¬ anO
maIe,it 4U ¸O7 4Ì ¸hb¬ lt7
4¿ ¸g7¬ anO matenextmOve)
4 l ¸hb¬ ll7 4¿¸·h7¬ leb
43 ¸go¬ lO7 (Or43 lt7)
44to Ihe¡OsiIiOnis su¦¦uncIear,
LuInOw\hiteis OLl¡geOtO
sacritice
40 QXg7+
Ìt 4Ult¿ ¸Ll' anO LIackgeIs
amaIing aIIackalter
4l L·lo ¸g̬ 4¿le¿ lg¿ ¬
43lO3 ¸Ll¬ 44lc4
(44lc3 ¸c¿mate Or
44le3 ¸c l¬) Lb¬ anOmaIe
aIc¿
4l ¸·to ¦eaOsIOvery simi¡ar
Iines, e g 4l ¸gl¬
4¿le¿ lg¿ ¬ 43lO3 ¸L̬
44le3 ¸c l¬ 4blO3 lO¿ ¬
4o le4 le¿¬ anO maIes,whJe
OelensivemOvessuch as 4l ¸e3
areIikewiseinetlecLive
40 . . . KXg7 41 Rd7+
\hitessacritice may seem
Oes¡eraIe, es¡eciaI¦y sinceiI was
cOm¡u¦sOry,as his lOrcesremain
scatIereO anO LIack kee¡shis
queenwe¦¦·¡¦aceOin thecenIreanO
hasIwO extra ¸·siOe¡awns Ìtmay
inOeeOLe thaI LIack shOu¦Owin
wiIh accurate ¡Iay,Lutthe ¡OsitOn
isa¦iIIIeOece¡tive anOhiskingisin
sOmeOanger¯hechietIhreatis
Iheca¡Iure Olthet·¡awn anO the
suLsequenI aOvanceOlIhe white
¡asseO¡awn, su¡¡OrIeOLythe
rOOks
LIacknOw ¡IayshiskingIOthe
OangerOus squarehoin OrOertO
have the check at gb avaiIaLIe anO
generaLytO avOiO a¡assive
¡OsitiOn PtIer4Ì ltb 4¿ L·to
(nOI 4¿l·h7` lgb anO
43 ¸el¬) the lO¦¡Owing are
sOme sam¡¦e variauOns
(a)4¿ c4 43Lc3 leb
44l·h7 lcb' (44 . ao
4blhb ¬ lO7 4ol·cb l·cb
47to anO LIackwilÌLelighungtO
Oraw) 4blhb¬ lt7 4olo ¸go¬
47 ll¿ ¸c¿¬ anO ¡er¡etuaI
checkIOOksIhe salest tOrLOth
siOes
(L)4¿ ¸e̬ 43 lg¿
(43lg4 ¸e4¬ 44ll4` isIOO
OangerOus - 44 ¸g¿¬
4b lh4 lco' 4o Lgb ho eIc )
¸e¿¬ 44 lg3 anOagaina Oraw
Ly¡er¡etuaIcheckseems
unavOiOaLIe
41 . . . Kh6 42 Bc3
lre¡aringhisattackOntheking
wiIh animmeOiatemaIeIhrea}anO
a¦sO securingthe LishO¡ anO·
stO¡¡ingchecks ¯akingthe ¡awn
IeaOsIO acIearIOss as tOLOws
4¿ L·to` lgb¬ 43lt¿ ¸c¿¬
44le3 (44lt l ¸g¿ ¬ Or
l ¿b
44lel lgl¬ 4bll l ¸c l¬)
¸c̬ 4ble4 (4b lO3 ¸O̬ Or
4b le¿ lg¿¬ 4olt¿ ¸c¿¬ Or
4b ll¿ ¸gl , againtina¦¦yskewer·
ing king anO rOOk) led¬ anO
nOw (a) 4o Leb ¸el¬ anO wins,
(L) 4ole7 ¸c4¬ 47 le3 (Or
Diagram 2
47leb ¸O4¬ anO . ¸e4¬)
l·e7¬ 4dL·e7 ¸O4¬ anO
wins, (c) 4o Le7 ¸L̬ 47 leb
(Or 47 ll4 ¸L4¬ anO . ¸e̬)
¸eÌ ¬ 4dllo ¸h4¬
4¬lt7 ¸hb¬ anO wins
42 . . . Rg8+ 43 K£2 Qh4+
ÌOIOtcOurse43 . ¸c¿¬`
44LO¿ ¬ lgb 4bh4
44 Kf l
\iIhhís kíngunaL¦e IO lreeiIseIl
trOmIhemaLng neI, LIacknOwhas
IOOeciOeLeIween an immeOiaIe
¡er¡eIum checkLy44 ¸c4¬
4b ll¿ ¸h4¬ (which\hiIe
OLviOusIy OarenOIavOiOLy
4bleÌ ` lg̬ eIc) anOIhe
mOve ¡IayeO, whíchis awínníng
aIIem¡I, IhOugh Iem¡OraríIy
¡assive
44 . . . R8 45 Bd2 + Kh5
(Liagram ¿)
\hiIemusIIakegreaIcarenOw,he
hasseveraI¡ieceshanginganO
IheretOreín¡OIenIiaIOangerlrOm
IheLIack queen, anOhe musI
mainIainhis aI|ackngmOmenIum,
whíchísIheOnIysavíng chancein
view Ot hismaIería¦OelicíI.Ïn
aOOíIíOn,waiIíng mOvesareharOIO
l ¿¬
cOme Ly Ìl,lOr exam¡Ie,
4o lg¿ lgd¬ 47 lh¿ ho anOil
Ihen 4dlh7 lgb' Lreaks Ihe
aIIackanO sIJIIeaves LIack wiIh a
wínníngenOíngalIer
4¬ L·gb ¸·gb bU l·L7 ¸O¿¬.
Ït 4oll7`` ¸c4¬, whue
4o l·L7 ¸e4' lOrces 47lLL3
anOIhen47 led,when\hiIes
aIIackisaIhingOlIhe¡asI linaIÌy,
aIIackmgIheweaknesslrOmIhe
siOe Ly 4olOo ¡ermiIs 4o . . . lld
anO Ihe attem¡IaIre¡eIiIíOnLy
47lO7 laíIsagainsI47 . . ll7'
46 Rg7
LnOOuLIeO¦yIheLesIchance,
IhOughsIiIInOIquíIeaOequaIe ¯he
IhreaIís 47lg4,sO LIack has IitIe
chOíce
46 . . . Qc4+ 47 K£2
ÌOw sOmeIhing sIrange ha¡¡ens
LIackshOuIO¡Iaysim¡Iy
47 ¸·a¿,when 4dle¿ aLOws
hím a wínning cOunIer·atIack Oran
exchange Ol¡ieces Ly4d led¬
4dlO3 isIikewíseun¡IayaLIe
LecauseOl4d . c4-c3,sO
4d lO7 wOu¦OLe tOrceO, when
\hiIes ma|Or aIIacking ¡iecehas
LeenOiverIeO PlIerIhaILIack
shOuIOsOOnwinLy ho, lreeing
his rOOk, Or¡usILy aOvancmghis
¡awns
ÏnsIeaOOtIhís L¦ackseeksIOwin
Ihe a·¡awnwiIh check, LuILy
Orivíng IheLishO¡IO aLeIIer
squareheactuaLy¦OsesIime anO
invOIveshimseIlincOnsíOeraLIe
OillicuIIies
47 . . . Qd5? 48 Be3
1heLishO¡is lOrceOIO mOve,LuI
has aLrighIluIure aIl¿
48 . . . QXa2+ 49 K£ 1
LnlOrIunaIeIy 4¬lg3 lgd wiL
nOIOO
49 . . . Qd5
lOrthonoxttowmOvosLIackcan
a¦waystakotho O¡IiOn Ot¡or¡otua¦
chockLy (horo)4¬ ¸c4¬, suco
thowhítokingOaronOtwanOor
acrOss tO oíthorIho g· OrO·lí¦o
ÌOwovor, hostuhO¡os tOrmOro.
50 K£2 aS 5 1 R£4!
\hitosuOOonIy shOwshis tooth
anO thoLIackkings ¡OsiuOn
LocOmos críticaI1hoímmoOiato
throatis b¿ lg3 anO íl b¿ lho
b3 ltg4¬ anO mato
5 1 . . . Qh1 52 Kg3 Qe 1 +
53 B£2 Qe5
lOrcoO lOtb3 ¸c3¬``
b4lg¿ lho bblg3 anOwíns
54 K£3 Kh6
L¦acks¡urnshís¦ast chancotOr
aro¡otítiOnLyb4 ¸Ob¬
bb lg3 ¸ob ¯ho mOvochOson
ínvOIvos hímín arOOksacrilicotO
lroohís kíng, attorwhíchtho
onOíngis ¡rOL¦omaLcal
55 Rd7 RgB
1OavOíO arathor OuLíOus onOing
wíththroo¡awnstOr a¡íoco,which
wOu¦Oariso attor bb Lb
bolh4¬ lgb b1lg7 ¬ l·lb
bb lhb¬ loo b¬l·ob ¬ t ·ob
oUL·cb L¦ackmíghtOraw Ihis
¡OsítíOn, Luttho whíto ¡íocos aro
woL·¡¦acoOanO OnthowhO¦otho
LíshO¡ shOu¦O LowOrth mOrothan
tho scattoroO¡awns
56 Rh4+ Kg5 57 Rg4+ KX£5
58 RXg8 (Liagram 3)
¯hoLa¦ancoOtmatoria¦ís nOwsO
unusua¦thatitLocOmos quíto harO
tO ana¦yso OrlOrm¡ uOgmonts
L¦ackwLtry tO koo¡his quoon
conha¦ísoO anOusohortO su¡¡Ort
his¡assoO¡awnsanOtOmakoít
OangorOuslOr\hitotO Ioavo any
Olhís ¡íocosun¡rOtoctoO \hitoín
turnmust koo¡ hís lOrcos cO·
OrOínatoO,LOthtO gonoratothroats
agaínsttho kinganOtO harass tho
aOvancíng¡awns Ln tho whO¦oho
ísLko¦ytO havotO OoaIwíth tho
¡awns lírst, asIho croatOn Ol
maLng throats wilILo arathor s¦Ow
¡rOcoss
58 . . . Qe4+ 59 Kg3 Q£4+
60 Kg2 Qe4+ 6 1 Kg1
LviOonIIy \hitohasnOw OocíOoO
tO try tOrmOro than aOraw, anOsO
avOiOsIhoro¡otLOn¯hoL¦ack
¡awnsintactaroquítovumoraL¦o
tO attackslrOm LohinO, síncothoy
aronOtvory lar aOvancoO, anO Iho
IOss Ot Ono Otthomis ínovitaLIo
61 . . . Qb1 +
ltol Lb o¿ L·cb` ¸L̬ anO
o3 ¸a¿¬ Or ¸c¿¬ wíns,
Lut o¿lcd c4 o3lcb¬ loo
Ì 3U
o4la7 ¸Ll¬ oblh¿ wOu¦OLo
simi¦ar tO tho gamo Ïtthon
ob ¸t l oolao¬ lt1 o1 ltb
ísvorystrOng
Ït oÌ Lo o¿lLb ¸Ll¬
o3lh¿ ¸t Ì o4 lg3, whon
o4 Lb a¦¦Ows oblOb¬ anO
o4 ¸Lb oblLO7 a¦sO tavOurs
\híto
62 Kh2 c4
o¿ ¸a¿ o3lg¿ aIsO¦Osos
Diagram 3
a ¡awn
G3 Rd5+ KeG G4 RXaS b5
G5 Rgl
¯hoOIhorIrywOuOLo
ob lLb ¸lÌ oolg3 ¸O3¬
o7lg¿ ¸Ob¬ oblg¡ ¸OI ¬,
whichIoaOsIOaI IoasIaOraw lOr
LIack,ilhoIríos lOr mOroLy
ob. . . L4,wohavo oolLo¬
(oo la4 ¸c¿ o7lao¬ ísIoss
gOOO) lI7 o7 la7¬ lgo anO
nOw. (a) oblaao ¸L¿ o¬lg3
(o¬l·Io¬ ¸·Io
7Ul·to¬ l·Io 7Ì lg3 lob
7¿ lt3 L3 73 Lol lO4 is LaO)
wiIhaIikolyOrawLy¡or¡oIua
chockalIor o¬ ¸ob¬, sinco
o¬ . L3 7Ul·Io¬ oIc wOuIOLo
awOrsoonOinglOr LIackIhan
LolOro. (L) oblaL7 L3 anO
noiIhorsiOoisIikoIyIO makomuch
¡rOgross
1ho¡rOLIomiscIoarIyIhaI
\hiIos kinganOLishO¡aro IOO
ox¡OsoOlOranyroaIwinnng
chancosIOLo¡OssiLIo, sOho
roIurns his rOOk IO Iho Lack rank
anO Irios aOilloronI a¡¡rOach.
GS . . . Qc2 GG Rg2 Qb3
Diagram ÷
l 3l
(Liagram 4)
Ìloo L4 o7lao¬ wOuOwin
IhoI·¡awnaI Onco (o7 . lIb
obl·Io¬) LuIinlacILIackis
sOOnOLIigoOIOsurronOoriI
anyway
G7 RaG+
1howhiIolOrcos aroLoginningIO
cO·O¡oraIo LoIIor ÏlnOw o7 lt7
obLO4 c3 o¬L·Io' lob
7Ula7 c¿ 7 l lo¿¬ anOmaIos.
o7 lob obLg3¬ oIc anO
o7. lIb obLO4 LOIhinvO¦voIho
¦Oss OlIho t·¡awn ín asimLarway,
whuo o7 . lo7 oblg7¬ lIb
o¬lL7 IOsosaIOnco LIacksLosI
chancois IO aLanOOn IhoI·¡awn
anOaimlOrshoIIoramOnghis
¡assoO ¡awns,aIIho samoIimo
su¡¡OrIingIhom
G7 . . . Kd5 GB RXfG c3
LIhorwiso\hiIohasvariOusways
OlsoILngu¡maLng aIIacks, anOin
aOOiLOnIho quoon wOuIOLoin
OangorOl askowor, o g ob L4`
o¬lgb¬ lo4 7Uloo¬ lI4
7 Ì Lo3¬ lI3 (7Ì ¸·o3
7¿ lg4¬) 7¿ LO¿' ¸c¿
73 lg3¬ lI¿ 74lg¿ ¬ lI3
7b lo3¬ lI4 7olt¿¬ lgb
77lob¬ anOmaIos
G9 Bg3
o¬lgb¬ lc4 7Ult4¬ lO3
7 Ì lg3¬ lany 7¿LO4 wOuIO
wín, LuIL¦ack¡IaysinsIoaO
o¬ . lo4 7Ulg4¬ lob
7 l LO4¬ lOb 7¿llb¬ lOo,
whonIho¡OsíIiOnisunc¦oar
1horolOro\hiIoOrgansoshis
rOOks asquickIyas ¡OssiLIo
againsIIho¡awns
G9 . . . b4 70 R5+ Ke4
LosIIO koo¡IhokingwOrking
acIivoIyÏl,lOroxam¡Io, 7U. loo
7 Ì lob¬ lIo 7¿lI¿¬ Orivos
himaway anOinIO ¡OssiLIo Oangor
71 Rgf2 Qbl 72 R5f4+ Ke3
73 R43+ �-�.
\hiLe seIIIeslOraOrawLIackis
nOIrealIyin a¡OsiLOnLO Ois¡ute
Ihis, asalLer73 lO4
74ll4¬ lcb 7bllb¬ lc4
7ol¿l4¬ lL3 77lLb ¸L¿¬
7b Ll¿ hewOuIOLein hOuLIe lOr
his¡arI\hiIecOuIOhave
cOntnueOwiLh 73 lc4,when
l 3¿
73 lO3 74lc7 ¸L3 (74 L3
7b lt3 ¬ Or 74 c¿` 7blc·c¿)
7bLOo Ieaves his O¡¡OnenLshOrL
OlgOOO mOves lOwever,Ihe
immeOíaIe 73 . ¸L3
74lc7 ¸Ob' IeavesLhequeen
muchLeIIer¡IaceOanOLheenemy
LishO¡muchmOre cOnsIrícIeO,
alIerwhichaOrawis areasOnaLIe
OuIcOme
Ï.Rooks and minor pieces
1hísísIhoIOngosIcha¡IoranO shOwsrOOks, knighIs anO LishO¡s IOgoIhor
in many OiItoronI cOmLinaLOns lOOkanO LíshO¡ agaínstrOOk anO kníghI
isanonOingwhich Occurs IroquonI¦y onOugh, anO IhoIirstthroo gamos
¡rOviOoan O¡¡OrIunity IO sIuOyitÏnoachcaso Iho LishO¡ ís Iho su¡oriOr
¡ioco, IhOugh ín lO 3bthis is anyIhing LuI OLviOus
lO. 3¬ís rOOkanO kníghI againsIrOOk anO kn:ghI, againIoaIuríng Iho
¡rosonI\Or¦O ´ham¡iOn, whO Iakos maximum aOvanIago OI amOro
aggrossivo grOu¡ing OIhis ¡iocos IO OoIoaI a ¡OworIu¦ O¡¡OnonI.1ho
Ihomo horoisIho rotusaI (Ot LOIh ¡Iayors) IO win maIoria¦ ¡romaIuroIy, anO
ovonawíhingnossIO sacriIicoIOrIho iniIiaIivo
1honoxIsoIOtgamoscOvors rOOkanOLishO¡againstrOOkanO LishO¡,
lO 4ULoingmy OwnIavOuriIoOtthowhOIocOJocIiOn Vaganianwínstho
oxchangoIOr a¡awnoar¦yOn,LutroIumsIho matoría¦aIOnco, ¡rotorring
Iho sOIiO ¡OsiIiOnaI aOvanIago OIa ¡assoO ¡awn which can Lo hoIOinOoIin·
iIoIyaILo Ly Iho umo LIack cOmosIO IormswíthIhis¡awn,Iho gamois
OociOoO o¦sowhoroOn IhoLOarO
lO 4l isaOíItícuIImanOouvríng gamo,LrisI¦:ng wiIh ¡OssiLIo oxchango
sacriIícosIOrLOIh siOos' 1ho¦asI¡hasoínvO¦vos arOOk Iryíngunsuccosstu¦¦y
IO Iíght OII IOur uníIoO ¡assoO¡awns
lO 4¿roIurns IOtochniquoanOinc¦uOosanumLorOt sIraIagoms
cOmmOn¦ysooninrOOk ¬ O¡¡OsiIoLíshO¡onongs lOs 43anO 44 aro
ro¦aIoO IO lO l Ì anO OoaIwiIh¡OsiIiOnswhoro Iho ¡awns aro cOnIinoO
tOOnosiOoOIIhoLOarO
1ho IwO romaining gamos OIIhocha¡toraro muchmOroOríginal
Ìn lOgOIt-´sOmnoarIya¦¦Iho ¡awns Oisa¡¡oarwithínIho tirsttow mOvos
anOwo wítnoss aIorriticc¦ashOI¡íocosin Iho conIro Ot an O¡onLOarO
ln s¡iIoOtIhoa¡¡a¦ÌíngOangorIO hisking, \híIo survivosintO aOrawn
onOing, LuILIunOors iIaway a¦mOsI aIIho Iinishíng ¦ino
lO 4o(PvorLach-lug)isanOIhor mOsIaIIracIivoonOing, with \hiIo
sacríticing a ¡íocoIO croato ahOsIOIIacticaI chancos tOrhis rOOks anO
aggrossívo king
GAME 36 \hiIo. laOuIOv LIack lavaIok
LuIgaria, Ì ¬7¬ oiciÌianLoIonco
1 e4 c5 2 N£3 d6 3 d4 c Xd4
4 QXd4 Nc6 5 Bb5 Bd7
6 BXc6 BXc6 7 Nc3 N£6
8 Bg5 e6 9 0-0-0 Be7
10 Re1 0-0 1 1 Kb1 Qc7
l 33
12 BX£6 BX£6 13 QXd6 Qb6
14 Qd2 Rad8 15 Qe3 BXc3
16 QXb6 RXd1 +
1 7 RXd1 aXb6 1 8 bXc3 BXe4
(Liagram Ì )
Diagram Ì
1O|uOge Ihis ¡OsitiOnaccuraIeIy
wehave IOIisIIhe aOvanIages
whicheach siOe cancIaim, \hiIe
has cOntrOIOlthe On¦y O¡enliIe
anOIhe LIack L·¡awns seemIO Le
weak (his Own ¸·síOe¡awnshave
IhekingIO ¡rOIecIIhem) leisaIsO
sIighIIyaheaOin OeveIO¡menI
LIackhasIwO haIl·O¡en liIes (a·
anO c·) aIOng whichhisrOOkmay
¡eneIrate - lab-ao anO thence
IO lo, goOrho, lOrexam¡Ie - anO
hehasahea¦Ihy l·siOema|OriIy Ol
¡awnswhi¦e\hiIesma|Oritycan
OnIy¡rOOucea¡asseO¡awnwiIh
greaIOíllícuIIyluHhermOre,his
LishO¡is muchsu¡eríOrIO Ihe
knighIín Ihis O¡en ¡OsitíOn, anO
severaIwhíte ¡awns make suiIaLIe
targeIs IOríI
ÌlIheseaOvanIagesseemIOLe
LaIanceO, OrIOweighsIighIIyin
LIacks lavOur, we neeO IOIOOk
again ÌIís Ihe reIaIíve sIrengIhOl
theminOr¡ieceswhích maIIers
here, anO LIacks OveraLaOvanIage
isacIuaI¡y quiIe suLstanLaI ¯he
¡OwerOlthe LishO¡ is such IhaI
\híIe cannOIuseIheO·lue anO can
OnIymakealeeLIeaIIackOnIhe
l 34
lrOnI L·¡awn ÌnOIher wOrOs, thisis
where IacIics haveIO Le LIenOeO
wiIh generaIcOnsiOeraLOns,ilIhe
L·¡awns cannOILe successluIIy
aItackeO, they are nOIweak,
hOwever ugIyIhey may a¡¡ear
19 Rd4
Ly l ¬ lOo Lco ¿UlO4 L·g¿
¿ l l·Lo \híIewOuIOweaken
himseIllurIher, wiIhOuIany
cOrres¡OnOng gain,lOrexam¡Ie
¿ Ì lcb ¿¿lL¿ LOo ¿3lLo
(PgainsIquíeI¡IayLIackcOnLnues
llb-e7, Ihen . to anO . . eo)
¿3 lIb ¿4lOo lco anOIhe
minOr¡ieceenOingisveryLaOlOr
him.
Ïl Ì ¬lO7 Lco,anOanyaIIem¡I
IOsIiru¡cOm¡IicaIiOns wiII
reLOunO,lOrmsIance.
¿Ule7 lcb ¿Ì lgo L·g¿
¿¿ l·l7 lIb ¿3 lOo
(¿3lO7 Lco) lOb ¿4lI7¬ (Or
¿4 l·eo LOo) lgb anOwins Ïl
here ¿U lc7,variaIiOnsinvOIving
the sacrilíceOlIheI·¡awn are nOI
cIearLecausethe rOOkisnOw Out
Olrange OlLIacksking. lOwever,
L¦ackcOuIO¡lay ¿U ho
¿ Ì lL¿ lOb ¿¿ leo L·g¿
¿3 l·I7 (¿3 l·I7 lOo) lOo' ,
Ira¡¡ingIheknighI.¯hen
¿4 c4 lIo ¿o lOo l·l¿
¿o l·L7 Le4 wins wiIhOuI much
trOuLIe.
19 . . . Bc6 20 Rb4 Rd8 21 Kc1
Ïl ¿ Ì l·Lo lO̬ ¿¿ lL¿ ll Ì ,
LIackwinshis ¡awnLackaIOnce,
wiIhmOre IOlOI¡Ow
21 . . . b5 22 c4
¯heOnIywaytO geIany¡Iay. Ïl
¿¿ lO4 L·g¿ ¿3l·Lo LOo,
lOJOweOLy . . eo, isve¡gOOOlOr
LIack ¿¿leÌ is anOIher¡OssiLiIity,
LuIvery sIOw, e g ¿¿ eo
¿3I3 Io ¿4lO3 lI7 anO LIack
makos ¡rOgross Ly . Lo, . loo
anOIho sIoaOyaOvancoOlhis
l·siOo¡awns
22 . . . bXc4 23 RXc4 Ra8
24 Rd4
íOI ¿4 lL¿` LOb
24 . . . f6 25 Kb2 eS 26 Rd2
1horoisnO ¡OinIin IryingIO
romainOnIholOurIhrank Ïl
¿o lL4, nOIOnlyis Ihoro Oangorin
IoavingIhoO·lLoIOIhoO¡¡OnonI,
LuILIackcansim¡IyconIraLsohis
kinganOcOnIinuowiIhIho l·siOo
aOvanco ¿olh4 moroIy
oncOuragos ¿o . . . gb oIc
26 . . . Ra4 (Liagram¿)
L¦ackhasmaOoIangiLIo ¡rOgross
Ìohas gainoO s¡aco mIho conIro
anO OrivonIhoonomy ¡iocos mIO
¡assivo ¡OsiIiOns, anOisnOwroaOy
IOhiIIho l·siOo¡awnswiIhhis
rOOkPlÌIhoLmo hohasrosisIoO
IhoIom¡IaLOnIO¡Iay . L·I3
PIIhOughIhis wOuIOhavoLrOkon
u¡ Iho whíIo¡awns,iIwOuIOhavo
squanOoroOaLIho aOvanIagosOl
havingamuchsu¡oriOrminOr
¡iocoanO aIsO IolIIho L·¡awn
vu¦noraLIo. ÌOwovor, Iho gamois
nOwroaching Iho ¡OinIwhoroIhis
oxchango may LocOmo aroaI
IhroaI, sincoiImay cOsI\híIoaI
IoasIa ¡awn.
27 Nel
\hiIos inIonIiOn (muchIho LosI
chanco)ís IO aLanOOnIho¡awnaI
Onco anO actvaIo hisknighI
¿7 . lg4 ís nOIquiIoaIhroaIOn
accOunI Ol ¿blo¦ L·g¿` ¿¬ I3,
LuIiIromains a¡OIonIiaIhazarO, sO
hOwwOuIOLIackcOnImuohis
aIIack alIorIho¡IausiLIo aIIornaIivo
¿7 h3 `ÌocansIi¡ u¡ horo Ly
graLLing a¡awnIOO sOOn,il
¿7 L·I3` ¿bg·t3 lh4
¿¬lO7 Lb 3UlL7 l·h3
Ì 3b
Diagram 2
3 l l·Lb l·I3 3¿a4,Iho a·¡awn
is OangorOus, IOsayIhoIoasI
PsimLarIhíngha¡¡onsilLIack
cOLocIsIhoIwOI·¡awnsinsIoaO
ÌischOicoIhoroIOroLos
LoIwoon (i)tho OirocI ¿7 . lt4,
(íi)IhomOrosuLIIo¿7 lo4,
whichsIO¡s ¿bloÌ anO aImOsI
¡araIysos \híIo, LuI OOos |usI
aLOw ¿bg3, (iii)¿7 ll7(-oo),
cOvoringthosonsiIivo s¡OIaIO7
anOgonoraLyOovoIO¡mg, LuI
¡orha¡s giving\hiIoLmoIO
cOnsOIiOaIoaliItIo.PnaIysis
inOicaIos IhaIIhoIhroo mOvosaro
OlaLOuI oquaIvaIuo
Ïl ¿7 lI4 ¿bloÌ , IhoroaronO
lOrcingIínoslOrLIack,LuIho
wOuIOkoo¡ac¦oar aOvanIagoLy
¿b lL4¬ ¿¬lc3 lLÌ
3U lo¿ gb' , ¡rovontng Iho
cOnsOLOaIiOnLy g3anOh4 Ïl
\hiIo Ihon¡Iays g3, hish·¡awnis
a IargoI lOrtho LishO¡ (Or, ilh4
IhoroalIor, LOIh romaung ¡awns
arooxIromoIywoak)ÏlhoavOiOs
g3, LIackhas hb-h4, lixingIho
¡awns OnwhiIosquaros.
¿7 lo4 ís ínIorosIing,Locauso
\híIoOaronOI mOvohis rOOkanO
¡ermiI . le¿, anOhiskmgs
mOLíLIyisa¦sOraIherLmiIeOÏlhe
Iríes ¿b g3, Ihen¿b lL4¬
¿¬ lc3 lLÌ 3U lOb¬ ll7
3 Ì lO¿, lOllOweOLyh4,Ieaveshím
reIaIiveIy sale, LuILIack canOO
LeIIer - ¿b . go' again, then
¿¬h4 g4 3U lh¿ (3UlgÌ is
wOrse) LLo' 3 Ì l3 g·l3
3¿ l·l3 le3 33 ll¿ Lco anO
wins Ïl\hiIesim¡IymarksIime
Ly ¿b lc3, Ihe ¡IanisOnceagain
ll7-eo anO go, . ho, eIc
L¦acksIhírO ¡OssiLiLIy
(¿1 ll7 aI Once) seemslikeIyIO
Irans¡OseintO One OltheOther
Iínes P¦IhOugh\hiteIhenhas a
chOíceOlOelences, hecannever
reaLy sOIve the ¡rOL¦em Lecause
his¡íecesareinleriOrtO IheLIack
Ones,hisl ·síOe¡awnswLnever
Lesale, wheIherhemOvesIhemOr
nOI
27 . . . Re4 28 Nd3 R4
29 g3 RXh2 30 Nc5
lerha¡síIIOOkseasylOrLIack
nOw`leis cerIainywmnmg,LuI
hisrOOkísIem¡OrariÌyOuIOl¡Iay
anOIheknighIisacIíve.lehas
three¡OssiLIe¡lans (a) ho,
go anO h4, wiIh a¡asseO
¡awn, (L) ho anO . h4, OeIay·
ingIhe creaIiOn Ola ¡asseO ¡awn,
LutactívatínghisrOOk(as¡¦ayeO),
(c) llb-e7 lust,LelOremaking
a OecisiOn
(c)is aLíIs¦Ow,anOaIsO has
a tacIícaI OL|ectíOn, viz 3U llb
(Or3U ll7 3 l l·L7)
3 Ì leo¬ ll7 3¿lOb¬ anO
33 l·co, when Ihe a·¡awnis
OangerOusagain1he¡rOLIem
wíIh (a)is simIar. 3U . ho
3 Ì a4 go 3¿ao h4
33g·h4 g·h4 34l·L7' etc
Psusua¦,acIivaIíngIherOOk
Ì 3o
Diagram 3
turnsOuItO Le Ihe Lest
30 . . . h5 3 1 a4 h4!
32 gXh4 RXh4 (Líagram 3)
33 Kb3
otaighIawaythe Oíllerence shOws
33 ao lL4¬ 34lL3
(34 lc3 lLo 3olL3 LOo) lLo
3o lOb¬ ll7 3olab go Ieaves
IhewhiIe¡iecesveryLaOIy¡IaceO.
33 . . . K£7 34 NXb7
PnylurIherOeIay Oe¡riveshimOl
Ihe chance OlcOunIer¡Iay
(34ao le7)
34 . . . BXa4+ 35 Ka3 Ke7
1heLishO¡isaIiIIIeshOrIOl
squaresanOmusILerescueOlirsI
P¦sO LIackwants IO Lringhís kmg
nearerIO Iheenemy ¡asseO ¡awn
36 Nd6 Bd7 37 c4 g5
1heOesiraL¦esím¡¦ílying mOve
37 lO4 ¦eaOs, alter
3b l·O4 e·O4 3¬lLo L·Lo
4Uc·Lo lOo 4l lL4 lOo
4¿ Lo lco 43 lc4 l·Lo
44l·O4 lco 4ole4, tO a¡awn
enOmg whichwOuIOhaveLeen
OillicuIIIOassesswith cerIainIy
OverIhe LOarO. Plew OlIhese
¿ vs l ¡OsiIiOns are Orawn,
es¡ecia¦Iy wiIhIhe OelenOing king
sIrOngIy ¡IacoO, anOin ¡racIico
LIackmusIhavoloIIiI wasLoIIorIO
koo¡hisrOOk,whichisa gOOO
acLvo¡ioco,woII¡IacoOlOr
aIIackingIhoonomy ¡awns
38 Kb4 £5 39 N£7
¯hoknighIis LocOmingsOmothíng
OtaLaLíI¡Iy anOwíIhOuItho
lOIIOwingoxchango\hiIos
cOuntor¡IaywOuIOgrinOIO ahaII
3¬lcb is motLy 3¬ lO4' ,
whichnOwsoomsIOwínLylOrco
(4Ul·O4 o·O4 4l lLb L·Lb
4¿c·Lb O3 43Lo lO7),whiIo
3¬ lab lO4 4Ul·O4 o·O4
4Ì cb loo(-Ob) is aIsO oasytOr
LIack
39 . . . KX£7 40 RXd7+ KeG
41 Rd2 (Liagram4)
LLviOusIyIhoLosIsquarotOrIho
rOOklocannOIIoIIhol·¡awngO
anOhavoIhrooLIack¡awnsIO
laco,ovonilhowOn IhoLIackrOOk
lOrhisOno¡awn PsO, homay
nOwusohisrOOkLohinOtho
c·¡awn, OrshioIOhis kngOntho
L·líIo
41 . . . e4 42 Kb5 Rl 43 c5
ohOuIO\hiIoaOvancohis ¡awnas
quickIyas ¡OssiL¦o, OrIakoIho
Diagram ÷
O¡¡OrIuniIyIO shioIOhiskmg
(43lL¿),Or¡IayLohmOhis¡awn
(43 lc¿)`ÏnlacI,iIOOosnIsoomIO
maIIor, LIackswinning ¡IanisIho
samo inany ovonI, i o tO croaIoIwO
cOnnocIoO¡assoO ¡awns, which
wiII OoloaIIhorOOknO maIIorwhaI
ha¡¡onslOroxam¡Io, 43 lc¿ l4
44 cb o3 anOIhon
(a) 4b co o·l¿ 4ol·t¿ llb oIc ,
sacrilicínghis rOOkwhonnocossary,
(L) 4b l3 g4 4ol ·g4 l3 47co t¿
anOwíns, (c) 4bl ·o3 l3'
4o co g4 47c7 lhb anOwíns,
muchasinIho gamo Ìl 43 lL¿,
thosamoIhingha¡¡onsÏnlacI,Iho
shioIOingOlIhokingisitroIovanI,
Ihos¡ooOOltho ¡awns iswhaI
cOunIs horo
43 . . . Rbl + 44 Ka6 Re i
45 Kb6 £4 46 c6 e3 47 fXe3
(Liagramb)
l 37
Ïl 47lo¿ lOo 4bl ·o3 l·co¬
4¬lLb lcb¬ bUlL4 l3
b l ll¿ g4 winsoasiIy, Orilhoro
4¬lL7 lc7¬ bUlLo lo7,wiIh
a sim¡Io l¬lvs llinish.
47 . . . £3!
Ïm¡OrIanIIO koo¡ IhomcOnnocIoO
47 l ·o3 4blo¿ lc3 wOuIOLo
Diagram b
muchmOre Oitticu¦t,íI ínOeeO L¦ack
cOuIOwín ataL
48 c7 g4 49 Rdl
Les¡erate,LutiI 4¬lt¿ leb
bU lL7 le4 eIc
49 . . . RXc7 50 KXc7 £2
5 1 Rd4 £1/Q 52 RXg4 Qcl +
53 Kb7 QXe3 54 Rb4
lOrcing the win wíIh queenvs
rOOkcanLeOiItícuII agaínsI
a OeIermineOOetence (ct ÜC!
lay l ¬7¬,where acOm¡uterís
ínvO¦veO),IhOughIhe ¡resenIgame
is areIative¦y sIraighIIOrwarOcase
1hereareIhree ¡arIsIOit, Once the
kíng anOIhe rOOk have cOme cIOse
IOgeIher (l ) lesIricIthe whíIe
¡íecesLyIOrcing Ihem near the
eOge, (¿)lakeIhem se¡arate Ly
using Zugzwang, (3) \ínIherOOk
LyIhea¡¡rO¡ríate seriesOt
checks ÌtísIheIhirO¡artwhíchís
harOesIOtmanOmOstawkwarOIO
ex¡IainínLOOks,sinceamazeOI
IeOíOusvariaIíOns ís unavOiOaLIe
1OLecOme¡rOtícient yOusim¡Iy
havetO ¡ractise iIa¦OI
54 . . . Q£3+ 55 Kb6 Qc3
56 Kb5 Kd5
\eareaImOsIinasIanOarO
¡OsítíOnwhereIhe kínganOrOOk
areIOrceOtO se¡arate LIacktO
mOvewOuIO¡¦ayb7 ¸a3,
cOm¡¦eIing stages ( l ) anO (¿)
(bbla4` ¸cb¬ b¬lao lco,
winning atOnce)
57 Ka4 Qd3
b7 lcb wOuIOwasteIíme
LecauseOtIhe sIaIemaIe tra¡,
Leing answereOLy bblLb¬
(bb . lc4` b¬lcb¬) LIack
theretOre seIsu¡ aOitIerenIIy¡e OI
ZugzwangIO IOrce the se¡araIiOn
bblab lcb wOuIOnOwLe
ímmeOíaIe¦y tata¦ Ït
bb lL3 ¸ao¬ b¬lL4 lO4
oUlL¿ ¸Lo ¬ o l la3 ¸ab ¬
o¿ lL3 lO3 o3lLl ¸Lb¬
o4la¿ ¸a4¬ oblL¿ lO¿, anO
Iheking anO rOOkhave IO ¡arI
cOm¡anyagain
58 Rb5 + Kc4 59 Rb7
PnOIherwaymíghILe
b¬lL4¬ lcb oUlL¿ ¸c4¬
o l la3 ¸c3¬ o¿ la¿ lc4 anO
then (a) o3lLl ¸c¿¬
o4lL¿ ¸OÌ ' anO therOOkhasIO
¦eave the kíng (ob lLl ¸a4¬
oolL¿ ¸L3¬ o7lc l ¸c3¬
etc.) (L) o3lLl ¸el ¬ o4 lc¿
(o4 la¿ ¸OÌ ) ¸al , agaíntOrcíng
Ihe se¡aratíOn
59 . . . Qdl + 60 Ka5 Qd6!
P neaItínísh Ìt ol la7 ¸cb¬, ít
o l lLo ¸a3 maIe,íI
o l lLb ¸Ob¬ o¿ la4 ¸O7,ít
o l lLl ¸Ob¬
61 R7 Qe5+ 62 Kb6 Qd4+
63 Ka6 Qal + 0- 1 .
GAME 37 \híIelar¡Ov LIack LueLa¦¦
okO¡|e L¦ym¡iaO, l ¬7¿ oíciIían Letence
1here¦ativevaIues OtLishO¡ anO kníghIhaveLeenasOurceOIargument
IOrOecaOes, anO aIIhOughnOwaOayswe tenO IO aOO¡IamOre tIexíLIe
a¡¡rOachtO Ihe ¡rOLIem,ítcan sIíIILe exIreme¦y Oíttícu¦Iín LOrOerIíne
cases IO¡uOgewhich ¡ieceísIíke¦ytO Le su¡eriOr1here are ¡OsíIiOnsín
whích One ¡¦ayerhas aL hís ¡awns On squaresOtIhe samecOIOur as hís
l 3b
LishO¡, anOhere IheknighIisOLviOusIy LeIIer LnIheOIherhanO, Ihere
are wiOe·O¡en¡OsiLOnswhereIhe knighI can OLIam nOlOOIhOIOinIhe
cenIre anO whereIhe LishO¡cOnsequenIIyOuIshines him
¯here are,hOwever,hunOreOsOl¡OsiLOnsin LeIween, OlwhichIhe
¡resenI gameis a gOOO exam¡Ie ¯heLIackknighIesIaLIishes himseIIOn
whaIa¡¡earsIOLe anicesIrOngsquare,LuIhehasLIIIe inlIuenceinIhe
reIevanI secIOr anO cannOI Le swiIcheO easiÌy lrOmOnewingIO Ihe OIher
¯heLishO¡s¡OwerisraIherIessOLvíOusunIiÌOneexaminessOme
varíaIiOns mOre c¦OseIy¯heniIgraOuaJyLecOmescIearIhaIheis muchIhe
LeIIer¡iece linal¦y, One ínherenI weaknessOlIhe knighI ís Ihe Oanger IhaI,
it heIries IO unOerIake any cOnstrucIive O¡eraLOns, Ihe¡OsiIíOnmay
suOOen¦yO¡en u¡ anOlavOurIheLishO¡
1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 d6 3 d4 c Xd4
4 NXd4 Nf6 5 Nc3 g6
6 Be3 Nc6 7 f3 Bg7 8 Qd2 0-0
9 g4 NXd4 10 BXd4 BeG
1 1 0-0-0 Qa5 12 Kb 1 Rfc8
13 a3 Rab8 14 g5 Nh5
15 Nd5 QXd2 16 RXd2 BXd5
17 eXd5 a6 18 Rg1 b5
19 c3 aS 20 Ba7 Rb7
21 Be3 Be5 22 Ka2 Rcc7
23 Kb3 Rb8 24 Bd3 Nf4
25 Be4 f5 26 g Xf6 e Xf6
27 Rg4 g5 (Liagram l)
l nIhis ¡OsiIiOnlar¡Ov cOuIOhave
reIaíneO his LíshO¡·¡aírlOrawhí¦e
Ly ¿b Llo (anO il ¿b lh3
¿¬ le4)PlIer ¿b ho ¿¬lgÌ h4,
Diagram !
l 3¬
hOwever, iIis nOIeasyIO seehOw
hewOuIOmake¡rOgress 1he
mOvechOsen ¡ermiIs Iheexchange
OlLIack·squareLishO¡sínasiIua·
IiOnwhereIheL¦ackknghI
a¡¡ears IO LeaIIeasI amaIchlOr
IheremainingLishO¡ LuIIhings
are nOIquiIesOsim¡Ie
28 Rg1 Nh3
¯heLesI,ilhe gOeslOrIhekingLy
¿b . L4 ¿¬a·L4 a·L4 3Uc4
(nOI 3Uc·L4 lcL7),heOnIy
weakens his Own¡awnsIrucIure
29 Re 1 Bf4 30 Bf5 B Xe3
31 RXe3 Nf4 32 Ka2 Kf8(?)
lísiOeais ¡arIIyIO ¡rOIecIIhe
sevenIhrank anO ¡arI¦yIOkee¡ Ihe
whíIe rOOk IieO IO Ihe O·¡awn (aI
¡resenIiIcan mOve away Lecause
Leo¬ isIheanswerIO l·Oo)
lntOrIunaIeIy, Ihe kíng mOve
IeavesLIackinOitlícuILesLecause
\hiIe is¡ermiIIeOIO IakeIhe
iníLaIive anO shOrIIy IO O¡enu¡ Ihe
¸·siOewíIh aOvanIage ÏnsIeaO
3¿ L4 33 c·L4 a·L4
34 lL3 lcL7 3oa·L4 l·L4
3o l·L4 l·L4 37 la3 wOuIO
give \hiIeexceLenI winning
chances wiIh his ¡asseO ¡awn, LuI
3¿ a4,lixingIhe ¸·siOe¡awns,
isa¡OssiLiÌiIywOrIhcOnsiOering,
e g 33 L4 a·L3¬ 34l·L3 la7
(nOI34 lcb 3b le7, nOr
34 lc4 3b LO7 lcb 3o Lco)
anOLIackhascOunIer¡Iay agaínsI
the weaka·¡awn.
33 b4 h6 34 Kb2 Re7?
(Liagram¿)
1hisi saseriOusmisIake. LIack s
LestchanceOlcOunIer¡IayIaym
Occu¡ying Ihea·liÌe immeOiaIeIyLy
34 la7 anO lLad, aLOwing
IhewhiIe¡íecesasliIt¦escO¡e as
¡OssiL¦e anOcOnsIanIIyIhreaIeníng
IO¡eneIraIeIO a3, shOuIOIhewhiIe
rOOk sIraylrOm the thirO rank
lOIiceIhattO exchange¡awns
lirsIwOu¦OLeLaO 34 . a·L4
3bc·L4 la7 3olc3 lLad anO
ílnOw 37lcd¬` l·cd (nOI
37 . le7 3dl·ad l·ad
3¬ lc¿' la7 4U lcd l·Ob,
wheneither 4Ì lLd Orlhdgives
\híIe acIearaOvanIage)
3d L·cd le7 anO\hiIe geIsnO
lurIher - 3¬ Llb lc7,
Or 3¬lc¿ l·Ob lOwever, \hiIe
has insIeaO 37lOc¿| l·Ob
(OIherwise \hiIe¡eneIraIes
anyway) 3dlcd¬ (nOI
3d lO3 le7 3¬Le4 Ob) l·cd
(3d. . le7` 3¬l·ad l·ad
Diagram 2
4ULe4 leo 4Ì lO¿)
3¬l·cd¬ lg7 4UlLd,
OLIainínguniIeO¡asseO¡awns
(4U. lc7 4Ì LO3)1heseanO
símiIarvariatiOns shOw|usIhOw
careluIL¦ackmusILe IOavOiOIhe
¡remaIure O¡eningOlIhe ¡OsíIiOn
35 RXe7 KXe7 36 Kb3
1hreaIeningIO Iake anOhOIOIhe
a·¡awn, Iheking leeIsmuch mOre
secure wiIh a¡air OlrOOks OllIhe
LOarOlOw 3o a4¬ wOu¦OOnIy
Ieavehimwith a weak ¡awn tO
OelenO, since c4cannOt Le
¡revenIeOín Ihe¦Ong run Lnthe
OtherhanO, 3o . a·L4 37 l·L4
wOuIO¦eaveIhe L·¡awnwOeluI¦y
weak
Ì 4U
36 . . . RaB 37 c4 aXb4
38 aXb4 bXc4+ 39 KXc4
\hiIesaOvanIagenOwIiesin Ihe
sIrOng ¡OsitOnOlhis king,
su¡¡OrIingIhe¡asseO¡awn, anO
aLOveaIImIhe LishO¡, whOse
cOntrO¦Over IhereIevanIsquares
eo, O7 anO cdenaL¦eshimIO OO
severaI|OLs atOnce anO eventua¦Iy
IO cOmLine wiIhIhe rOOk, whO wÙ
Iry IO ¡eneIraIeIOIhesevenIhrank
LycOm¡arisOnIheLIackknighIOn
his íOeaI square cuIsavery ¡OOr
ligure\ithLesI¡IayiIisOOuLIluI
whetherL¦ackcan survívelrOm
this ¡OínIOn
39 . . . Kd8 40 Kb5! Kc7
Ìl4U lLd¬ \híIeaLanOOnshis
L·¡awn anO we have an irresísLLIe
cOmLíneOaIIack, Iy¡ica¦Olsuch
¡OsiIiOns 4Ì lco l·L4
4¿l·Oo lLo¬ 43 lcb lLd (Or
43 . lL3 44la¿ anO L¦ack musI
retreaI, since44 l·l3
4blad¬ anO 4oOo¬ ís
OisasIrOus, Oril 44 lO3¬
4b lc4 - nOI 4b lOo`` lLo
maIe' - lcÌ 4ola7 l·l3
47Loo anO 4bOo wiIh awinning
aIIack, Oríl 47 . lo3 4blco-Oo)
44la¿ anOLIackishoI¡Ioss
againsI Iho sIanOarO manOouvro Ot
la7, cOmLinoO wiIh Oo anO lh7,
lOroxam¡lo44 . lL7
4o lab¬ lo7 4oOo¬, Or
44 . lc7 4ola7¬ lL7
4o Oo¬ lLb 47 O7'
41 Rc2+ Kb7 42 Bd7
ll 4¿lco Llackgots gOOO
cOuntor¡IayLy4¿ To¿ (nOI
4¿ . . l·Oo` 43Lo4)
43lc4 la3| ,mooLng 44l·Oo`
Ly44 . lc3¬ \hiIoIhorolOro
chOOsos anOIhorwayIO OolonOtho
¡awnanO aIsO tOrcos tho LIack
rOOk OllIho LackranklOr aroasOn
IhaIsOOnLocOmos cIoar
42 . . . Ra3
Ïl4¿ lOb 43Lco¬, lOlIOwoOLy
44 la¿, \hiIo goIs a¡OwortuI
aIIackwhiIoIhoLIackrOOkromains
IOIaLy¡assivo
43 Rc6 (Liagram3) Rd3
Pcrítica¦mOmonItOrLIackll
43 . l·t3 44lao lO3
4oLco¬ lc7 4ola7¬ lcb
47lao loo (Or47 lI¿
4bLo la¿ ¬ 4¬lLo oIc ) 4bLo
wiIh awinníng ¡OsiLOnlt
43 To¿ 44 Lcb¬ (whíchíswhy
tho LÍackrOOk wasinviIoOIO ¦oavo
tho Lack rank) lLb 4o lLo lc3
4oLoo la4¬ 47lLo lc3¬
4blc4 lo¿ 4¬l·Oo l·I3
oU lLo ¬ anO Iho aOvancoO
¡awnswin oasiÍy.
1hoIoxImOvoaíms IO ca¡turo
thoO·¡awn saloIyÏocOulOIry
43 T·Oo 44 l·Oo,LuIho
musIIhonoithor aLanOOnIho
t·¡awnlOrnOIhing Or¡Iay
44 T·L4| `, whon \hiIo wOu¦O
roIainLoIIor winning chancoswiIh
4ol·Io Ihan 4o l·L4 l·I3
l 4l
Diagram 3
44 Rb6+ Kc7 45 BeG NXd5
46 Rb7+ KcB
PnawkwarOsquaroin sOmo
variaLOns, LuIit4o lOb
47lO7¬ lOrcoshim Lack.
47 Rf7
1hroaIoning 4bL·Oo l·Oo¬
4¬lco,winningIhorOOk
ÏOwovor,iIIOOks as il 47lh7
wOu¦OLoovon sIrOngor Locauso Ol
Iho immoOiatoaIIackOnIho¡awn
anOIho samothroaIIO wínIho
rOOk. LIackhaslOur chOicos
(a)47 TI4 4bl·ho Io
4¬lIo lO¿ oUl·Io l·h¿
oÌ l·go anOIhowíOoIy
so¡araIoO¡awnswinoasily,
os¡ocial¡y sincoIhoLishO¡isnOw
O¡oraLng aIluIl¡Owor,
(L)47 lOb 4bl·ho lo7
4¬lc4 lI4 oUlh7¬ lOb
(oU . loo` oÌ LO7¬, Or oU. . lIb
o Ì Lo) oÌ lI7 anOwins,
(c)47 Tc7¬ 4b lLo, winning
Iho knighI, (O)47 . lc3 ¬
4blc4 lo3 (4b . lOl
4¬ LL7¬ anO oUl·c3)
4¬lO4 lOÌ oULa4 anOwins
47 . . . KdB 48 Rd7+ KcB
49 R£7 KdB 50 Kc4 N£4
5 1 RX£6
PItírstsighI o l Lo soomsIO win
ra¡iOÍy, o g o Ì Oo¬
o¿ lco lcb o3 lOo lLb o4Lo,
Or o Ì lOl o¿Lo lc̬
(o¿ lLl o3L7 anOtho throaIOt
o4ltb¬ wins) o3lLo lL̬
o4 lao lal¬ oolL7 anOwus
oímiIarvariaLOns anOíntacta¦¦
OirocIattom¡ts tO sIO¡Iho ¡awn
taiÍ, Lut LIackhasthooxtaOrOínary
Ootonco o Ì lgo' \híIothon
has (a) o¿l·O3 loo¬
o3lo4 l·t7 o4lto lo7
oo Lo loo ooLOo lO7 o7L7,
whonitis LynOmoans cIoarIhat
hocan win, (L) o¿lO7¬ lcb
o3 l·O3 loo¬ o4lo4 l·O7
oo lto loo ooLOo lc7
o7 l·to lLo anO LIack survívos
5 1 . . . d5+
ÏtoÌ . lc7 o¿l·t4` la3 wOuÍO
a¦¦OwL¦ack tO rogaìnhis ¡íocowíth
aOrawnonOíng 1horightway
wOuÍOLo o¿lLo,Ihroatoning
LOth o3l·ho anO o3lt7, lLo
oIc
52 Kc5
lOtOtcOurso o¿ L·Oo` l·Oo
o3 ltb¬ lo7
52 . . . Ke7 53 RXh6 Rc3+
oOmoIhingOt a OiÍommatOrLIack
Ïto3 l·t3 o4L·Oo l·Oo
oo l·Oo Ioavos\hiIowíIh an
aImOstcorIaínwín Locauso (a)hís
kingís acLvo anO su¡¡OrIs tho
¡assoO ¡awn, (L) hís rOOk is acuvo
anO cuIs OttIho onomy kíng, anO
(c)hís Othor¡awnís socuro
ÏOwovor,IhomOvochOsonchocks
thokugwhorohowants tO gO
54 Kb6 RX£3 55 b5 (Líagram 4)
g4?
PsoríOus mistakowhich¦Osos
ra¡iOIy oo lL3 wasIho Lost
chanco,Lut\hitokoo¡s acÍoar
Ì 4¿
Diagram ÷
aOvanIago¯horomainOorOtIho
gamoisnOttOO OitticuÍt, Lut
cOnIainssOmoínIorostugtactíca
turns
56 R4 R3 57 RXg4 Ne2
Ïto7 lO3 ob lg3 wìns,Orit
o7 loo obL·Oo,throatonug
tho ¡ì: o¬lo4
58 Kc7
lOI obL·Oo` lc3 whonLÍack
sacríticos IhoknighItOr LOIh
¡awns,Ioaving thothoOroucaÍIy
Orawn (IhOugh OitticuÍt)rOOk ¬
LíshO¡vs rOOkonOing
58 . . . R7 59 b6 KeG+
60 Kd8 Nd4!
Ìigh¦yingoníOus,LutnOtquiIo
aOoquaIo ÏtínstoaOoU lOo
o l lgo¬ lco o¿L7 anO wins
61 RXd4 Kd6 62 BXd5!
\hito stO¡sthomaIoLymoansOt a
OiscOvoroO chock ÏtnOw
o¿ lhb¬ o3Lgb¬ lco
o4lg4 l·h¿ (Or o4 l·Lo
ooh4 oIc ) oolgo¬, ít
o¿ . l·h¿ o3L7 lhb¬
o4Lgb¬ lco ooLb/l¬' lL7
oolL4¬ la7 o7lc7 anOmaIos
62 . . . Kc5 63 Rd2 KXb6
64 Rc2 1-0.
GAME 38 \hiIo lar¡Ov Llack. lOlugaovsky
´anOiOaIos ¸uartor·linaI, lOscOw, l ¬74 oicilian Lolonco
¯his gamoís acOm¡aniOn¡iocoIO lO 37 lar¡OvcorIaínIy OOosnOthavo
thíngsaIIhisOwn waytrOmIhosIart,ínlacIhois unOorsovoro¡rossurotOr
sOmo Iimo oIill, Iho¡aIiontwayhoOolonOs himso¦t anO makosIho mOsI Ol
hísslonOorchancosisim¡rossívoiniIso¦t - IhoroismOrothanahinIOl
LmmanuolÏaskorhoro - anOIholínal¡haso,whichiLusIraIos sOmo
Ooco¡Lvo¡OsiIiOnaIloaIuros,isaIsOOlinIorosI
1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 d6 3 d4 c Xd4
4 NXd4 Nf6 5 Nc3 a6
6 Be2 e5 7 Nb3 Be7
8 0-0 BeG 9 f4 Qc7
10 a4 Nbd7 1 1 Kh1 0-0
12 Be3 eXf4 13 RXf4 Ne5
14 Nd4 Rad8 15 Qg 1 Rd7
16 Rd1 Re8 17 Nf5 Bd8
18 Nd4 Ng6 19 Rffl Ne5
20 Bf4 Qc5 21 NXeG QXg1 +
22 RXg1 RXeG (Liagram Ì )
LIackhasaI¦oasIoqualiIyaIthis
sIago ÏiskníghIis iOoaIIy¡OsIoO
aIooanOIhoroís ¡OtonIia¦
¡rossuro agaínst \hiIoso·¡awn,
LIacksOwnLackwarOO·¡awnís
IraOiuOnally Oitlicu¦IIO aIIackinIhís
Iy¡oOlgamoPLIhisin aOOiLOnIO
hisnOrmaI¡rOs¡ocIsOl¡¦ayin tho
Diagram Ì
c·lilo \híIolOrhis ¡arIhas a
sIrOng¡OínI aIOoanOlOrIho
mOmonIa usotuI ¡a¡r OtLishO¡s,
OnoOtwhichhOwovorisshOrtly
oxchangoO lOr tho Iimo Loing ho
mustsooIO hís o·¡awn, as lgb
isaOisIinct¡OssiLiI¡Iy
23 Bf3 Neg4
¿3 LaoisIossollocIívo altor
¿4 lOo l·Oo (nOt¿4 l·t3
¿o g·l3, whon \hiIoís makíng
oxco¦IonIusoOlhis stOng¡OinI,
whiIohís o·¡awnis strongIhonoO,
nOr ¿4 . lgb¿ol·lb¬ l·tb
¿b Lgo lob ¿1Lg4)
¿o o·Oo llb (tOtOrcoIho
oxchangoOlIhoLíshO¡) ¿bL·oo
(¿bLgo`l·l3' ) O·oo ¿7c3 anO
\hito sIanOs aI¡II¦oLoI|or LIacks
aOvantagosaroOlIhoOynamic
kinO,sOhonooOsIO ¡laytairIy
shar¡Iy IO makoIhomloIILolOro
\hiIohasachanco tO lasIon
OnIO Oo
Ì 43
24 Rgfl Bb6 25 Rd2 Be3!
P gOOO ¡¦an, ¿o lo3
¿b L·o3 L·o3 ¿7lO3 wOuIO
loavo hisgamo¦iloloss
26 BXe3?
1hisiswrOngLocausoIhoLlack
knightnOw roachosIhoclassical
oiciIiansquaroc4anOísIhomain
causo Ot\hiIostuIuroIrOuLlos
\hitoi snOttOrcoOIOca¡turo, as
míghta¡¡oarattirsI gIanco, anO
¿oL·g4 l·g4 (¿o L·O¿`
¿7L·oo IOsosmaIoriaI)
¿7 lo¿ L·I4 ¿b l·t4 loo
¿¬lOo is LosI, tho Occu¡atOnOt
c4isIhonLynOmoansas soriOus
asínIho gamoanOIho¡OsiLOnis
aLOutoquaI
26 . . . NXe3 27 Rb1
ÏnanLcí¡atOn Ol lc4PlIor
¿7 lol lc4 ¿b lO4 LIackcOu¦O
sím¡IyroIainhis¡rossuroLy
¿b lc7, OrgOinlOrlavOuraLIo
cOm¡LcatiOns ¿b . . l·L¿
¿¬lLl lc7 3U l·L¿ l·c3
3 Ì l·L7 l·c¿ 3¿l·Oo
(3¿lLb¬ lob ís wOrso) lc ̬
33 lOÌ (Or 33LOl l·o4
34 lLb¬ lob 3o lgl go)
l·Ol ¬ 34L·Ol l·o4
3o lLb¬ lob 3ol·ob¬ l·ob
anOLIackshOuIOwín
27 . . . K£8 (Liagram ¿)
1ho¡IanistOLring Iho knighttO
c4, Ihon tho rOOk tO c7tO ¡rOOuco
throatsIiko l·L¿ 1horolOroIho
kingis contaIísoOIO givo
¡rOtocIiOn IO tho O·¡awn1horois
nOhurrytOr lc4, Locauso \hiIo
wí¦¦nOtvO¦unIariIywoakonhimsolt
Ly L3,anOlOIugaovskyschOicoOl
Iho salokingmOvocOulOwoIlLo
ox¡IainoOLyLmo·¡rossuro
lovorIholoss,thooarIior cOmmonIs
aLOuI¡Iayíng shar¡IystLhO¦O
gOOO anOho mighIhavo ím¡rOvoO
thingswíIh ¿7 go, which is
¡IayoOsOOnanyway as¡arIOlIho
¡IantO attack Iho o·¡awn. PlIor
¿7 go¿blo¿ lc4 ¿¬ L3 (Or
¿¬ loÌ g4 3U LOl lO¿
3 Ì laÌ lO·o4 anO thog·¡awnis
salo Locauso OlIho lOrk aI I¿) loo
3Ulo3 g4 3 l Lo¿ \hito is unOor
alOIOl¡rossuro Ïl ¿blOo lt·Oo
¿¬o·Oo loo 3Uh3 (thoOnly
way IO savo Iho O·¡awn) Io'
Ì 44
3 l g4 I4 anO Iho knightOLviOusIy
OOmínatosIhoLOarO
28 Kg 1 Rc7 29 K£2
\hiIos¸·síOo ¡OsítOnwiIhknight
atc3anO¡awn at L¿isvoryLrítIIo
anOoasiIyu¡soILysuch mOvos
as . . lc4( ·L¿)anO . Lo-L4,sO
homíghIhavoIrioO IO ro·grOu¡Ly
¿¬lo¿ (whíchhomayhavo
avOiOoOOn accOuntOt go-g4)
lc4 3UlOl (nOI 3UlOo l·Oo
3 Ì o·Oo l·o¿ 3¿L·o¿ lO¿
33lcÌ lL3,winning a¡awn),
thOughhís gamowOuIOromain
OangorOusly ¡assivo
29 . . . Nc4 30 Rd3 g5 3 1 h3
lar¡OvmayhavoLoonroIyingOn
his 3¿nOmOvoIO goIhimso¦lOutOt
trOuLlo1hisIurnsOuItOLo
ínsullicionI, LuItho mOronaturaI
3Ì g3 alsOOOosnOIsoomtO savo
hím Ïl 3 Ì g3 loo 3¿lO4 llg4¬
33 L·g4 l·g4¬ 34lgl lo3
3olc l lc4 3o lLl
(3o L3` loo 37 lOo l·c¿
3bl·c¿ lI3¬), \hiIo íshOIOing
On, IhOughLIackOLvíOusIykoo¡sa
strOngínitiaLvo LIacks LosI¡Ian
hOwovor wOuIOLo 3 l lco' ,
koo¡inghis O¡IíOns O¡onanO
Diagram <
¡rOviOingIhis rOOkwiIh sovoraI
O¡¡OrIuniLos lOr ¡IayaIOng Iho
lOurIh rank ÏnhisrosIricIoO sIaIo
\hiIo wOulOhavogroaIOillicuIIy
cO¡ing wiIh Iho IhroatOl Lo-L4,
whichwOuIO ¡uILOIhIhoc· anO
thoo·¡awnsin Oangor
31 . . . h5 32 Nd5! ?
3¿g3 lco wOuIOLosimiIartO Iho
¦ino suggostoO aLOvo, sOIhis
shar¡or mOvo, a¦thOughitshOu¦O
roaIIyhavoIOsI,mayLoIhoLosI
chancoin¡racIico,os¡ocia¦¦yintho
run·u¡IOIho timo·cOntO¦ÏrOnica¦Iy,
lO¦ugaovskyshOuIOnOwhavo
¡¦ayoOIho mOvowhichhasLoon
rocOmmonOoOtOr¡OsitiOna¦
roasOns (3¿ . lco), LuIwhichis
gOOOIhisLmoLocausoOliIs
IacLcaIollocIPlIor 3¿ lco Iho
IhroaIsaro33 . g4,winningtho
o·¡awn,Or 33 T·o4¬
immoOiaIoIy,sO\hiIocanOnIy
chOOso LoIwoon 33 l·lo anO
sOmocOunIor·aIIackingmOvoIiko
33 L4 (il 33 L3 la3 wins a
¡awn, Oril 33 lc3 g4) LOIh can
LoOis¡OsoOOt quickIyil
33 L4 lcd, whon\hiIohas
nOIhingLoItorIhanIhooxchango
OlknighIs,IoaOinginIOsOmoIhing
¦ikotho mainvariatiOn, LuIwiIhan
aOOiIiOna¦woaknossinhis ¡awn
sIructuro, o g 33L4 lcd
34 l·to l·lo 3olg3 h4¬
3o lt¿ lLo, winninga ¡awn ll
33 l·lo l·lo anO LIackwins
a ¡awn LyIho twin throaIsOl
34 g4anO 34 . . lLo
32 . . . NXd5? 33 RXd5 Ne5
34 c3 (Liagram 3)
ouOOonIyIhogamohasswung
rOunO Lnocansym¡athisowiIh
lOIugaovsky, whO a¡¡aronIIysLIÌ
hasa gOOO onOingwiIhknighIvs
inloriOrLishO¡anOnOw
l 4o
Diagram 3
acconIuatoshisLIack·squarogri¡
LyanOIhorlixingmOvo 1holacIis
IhOughIhatIho LishO¡is IhoLottor
¡ioco, assOOnLocOmos cIoar
34 . . . h4
\iIh Iho unlOrIunaIooxchangoaI
mOvo 3¿ LIackschancoslOracLvo
¡Iayhavo¦argoIyvanishoOanOiIis
\hiIos Occu¡aLOn OtOoanO
¡rossuro OnIho O·liIowhich havo
LocOmoIhoro¦ovanIloaturos.
34 T·l3 isnOIavory¡rOmising
aIIornauvo, alIor 3og·l3` g4'
3ol·ho g·t3 37l·l3 lc4
LIackisnOtIOOLaOIyOll,LuI
3o l·t3' Ioavos\hiIovorywoII
¡¦acoO,o g (a) 3o g4¬
3o lo3 lc4 37 lO4, whon LOIh
37 l·O4 3d c·O4 lo7
3¬ lc l lO7 4Ulll ' anO
37 Lo 3da·Lo a·Lo
3¬ h·g4 h·g4 4Ull Ì ¡uImOst
OtIho L¦ack¡awns inIO soriOus
IrOuLIo. (L) 3o lco
3olLOl l·Oo (3o lo7
37l·co O·co 3dlOo)
37l·Oo anO\hiIohasawinning
¡OsiIiOnaI aOvanIago
(c) 3o . lco7 3olol (nOI
3o l·go l·o4 37 l·ho lo3¬
3b ll¿ lo¿¬ 3¬lgÌ lc¿ wiIh
vory sIrOng cOunIor¡Iay) g4¬ (Or
3o lo 37h4,Or3o . llo¬
37 lo3 loo 3b loOÌ lo7 3¬ao'
anO \hiIohasamuILIuOo Ol
¡OssiLLLos OnIho ¸·siOo,suchas
c4-co,Or c4,lÌ O3 anO lL3)
37h·g4 h·g4¬ 3bll4 lo
(OIhorwiso 3¬lgo) 3¬ao' anOiI
canOnyLoamaIIorOlLmoLolOro
OnoOlLIackswoak¡OinIslaIÌs.
LIackshOulOnovorthoIosshavo
¡rolorroO 34 . . lloIO IhoIoxI
mOvo,asho koo¡sanoxIraIom¡O
IhaIway,o g 3olg3 h4¬
3oll¿ lc4 37 lO4 lco anOho
has sOmohO¡os Olkoo¡ingtho
LaIanco
35 Rbdl Ke7 36 Rld4
lOwIhorOOksaroLoauLhlÍy
¡IacoO anOlar¡Ov IhrOwshis
ontro¸·siOo lOrwarO oOOnIho
LishO¡aIsO su¡¡OrIs thoaOvanco
anO IhoiniLaLvoLoginsIO gonoraIo
IhroaIsinaromarkaLIyshOrILmo
36 . . . £6 37 aS ReS
37 lco wOuIOOnIygivohimIho
Iom¡OrarysaLslacLOnOlaItacking
Iho rOOk PlIor 3b lO¿ Iho¡awns
wOuIO aOvancoin muchIho samo
way
38 Be2 Kd8 39 c4 Kc7
\haIoIso`3¬ Lo mayLoIho
LosI chanco, LuIIhon 4UL4
IhroaIons 4Ì Lo llIhon
4U L·ao 4l l·ao ¦oavos
\hiIo achOicoLoIwoonIho
cOntnuoOLOmLarOmontOltho
a·¡awnanOIho croatiOnOla¡assoO
¡awnLyLooIc Ïl 3¬ lgo
Or lO7,4ULg4 wins aI¦oasI
a¡awn
40 b4
PlIorIhis LIackisIOsIwhaIovorho
OOosÏlnOw4U Lo 4Ì Lo a·Lo
4¿ c·Lo lco 43a·Lo¬ l·Lo
Ì 4o
Diagram ÷
44l·Oo¬ wins oasiIy
40 . . . Ng6 41 b5 aXb5
ÏImaysLIÌnOILoquiIo cIoarhOw
\híIois gOíngIOonginoora Lroak·
IhrOughhoro,LuIwogoIIholírsI
gLm¡soOlIhoroaI¡OworOlhis
¡OsiIiOnilLIackIriosIO avOiO
givinghima ¡assoO ¡awnLy
¡Iay¡ng4Ì . lco PlIorIhaI
4¿ Lo¬' lco 43LOl ísOovasIaI·
ing,whiIoanyOIhorkingmOvo
IOsosIho O·¡awnwiIhwOrsoIO
lOlIOw
42 cXb5 Rc2
1ho Lost chanco, IryinglOr
a cOunIor·attackwiIhrOOk anO
knighI. LuIiIisIOOIaIo,\hiIo goIs
a Oriving aIIack againsItho king
43 b6+! (Líagram 4) Kd7
Ïl43 lco 44lo3,IhroaIoning
maIo, anOílIhon 44 lco
(44 l·o¿ ¬ 4ol·o¿ ll4¬
4o lO¿ l·Oo 47o·Oo¬ lco
4bO·oo) 4oLOl ' soomsIhomOsI
¡rociso, as 4o lO7 4oLg4¬ is
un¡IayaLIoanO 4o . l·Oo
4o l·Oo isoquaIÍylaIaI1ho
mOvo¡IayoOIakosaOvanIagoOl
IhoIom¡Orary¡inOnIhoLishO¡
anOaIsOIholacIIhaIIhoaILacLvo
44lo3 is answoroOLy
44 l·o¿ ¬ 4ol·o¿ ll4¬
4oll3 l·Oo 41l·Oo lco anO
\hiIo wmLoharO¡uIIO wín
44 Rd2!
LuIIhís isIhokiI¡or, gìving risoIO
sOmoOoLghIluIvaríaIiOnsL¦ack
mustca¡turoin viow OlIho Lg4
IhroaI
44 . . . RXd2 45 RXd2
PnO nOw, il4o l·o4
4oLLo¬ lcd (Or4o lo7
47 ao anO tho ¡awnis
unsIO¡¡aLIo) 47 lc¿¬ lLd
4dao L·ao 4¬L·ao lod
(4¬ lo7 oUL7 lL4
o l lcd ¬ la7 o¿ lad¬)
oUL7 lo7 oÌ lo¿ anO a suL·
soquonILLo winsovorythingPn
ìm¡rossivoOis¡Iay Oltho¡OworOl
\hito ssmaI¡aIIackinglOrco
loanwhiIoIhoIhroaIs OlLg4anO
LLo¬ havoIO LoOoaIIwid, anO
sinco4o lco 4olc¿¬ anO
4o lo7 4oao aro suicíOaI,
LIackIrios . .
45 . . . ReS 46 aG KeG
Ïl4o L·ao 47L·ao,
IhroaIoníng 4dlL¿ whLo lod
isim¡OssiLIo,anOílthon47 . lo7
4dlL¿ lco 4¬LLo lod oUlc¿
anOwins.
47 Rb2!
PccuraIoIOIhoonO 47a7 lod
4dLho winsa¡íoco,LuIlar¡Ov
wanIsaIIoasIarOOkOuIOlIhìs
¡OsitOn'
47 . . . N£4 48 a7 Ra5 49 Bc4
¡
-
0 (oUla¿lOIIOws)
GAME 39 \hiIo lhImann LIack.lar¡Ov
okO¡|o, l ¬7o ¸uoonsÏnOianLolonco
1 c4 N£6 2 Nc3 eG 3 N£3 bG
4 e4 Bb7 5 Qe2 Bb4 6 e5 Ng8
7 d4 Ne7 8 Qd3 d5
9 eXdG cXdG Î0a3 BXc3
1 1 QXc3 Nd7 12 Be2 Rc8
13 0~0 0~0 ¡4 Bg5 hG
15 Bh4 Qe8 16 Bg3 N£5
17 B£4 b5 18 Bd3 Qe7
19 BX£5 eX£5 20 Re1 Q£6
21 d5 RXc4 22 QX£6 NX£6
23 B Xd6 (Líagram I )
LIack ís aLOuItO rocOvorIho contro
¡awn, alIorwhichtho smalI
aOvanIagohohasgainoO lrOmtho
O¡oningwiII¡orsisI ¯his
aOvantagoLosmOroín¡OsiLOnaI
lacIOrsIhaninIho oxIraI·¡awn,
whichinitsoIlwOuIOLovoryharO
tOox¡IOiI ÏOwovor,inaOOiIiOnIO
IhísLIackhascOnIrO¦Olthoc·lìIo,
Ì 47
whichhisnoxImOvoom¡hasisos,
acLvominOr¡iocosanO a¡OIontaI
OuI¡OsI aI o4. 1ho gamonOw
onIorsaIacLcaI¡haso,wiIhlar¡Ov
Diagram Ì
cOnsistonIly aiming atcroaLng
LotIor¡rOs¡ocIslOrhis Own¡iocos
anO rotusingIO win matoria¦
¡romaturoIy
23 . . . Rc8
latura¦¦yho hasnO wishtO
¡rOvOkoIho troLIing Othis ¡awns
Ly¿3 lOb ¿4 Lo7, sincoIho
O·¡awnis¦OsIanyway
24 Be5
¯hoLishO¡hasnOroa¦LusinossaI
OoanOthismOvoa¦sO ¡ro¡aros
lO4 lassivo ¡¦ay wOulOcortainIy
¦Oso in IholOngrunLocausoOt
LIacks numorOus aOvantagos, sO
incortainclrcumsIancosLh¦mann
is¡ro¡aroOtO givou¡LOIhminOr
¡iocoslOr arOOkanO ¡awn. lntho
rosulung O¡on¡OsitOnitmightwoL
LoOilticulttOrL¦ackIOcO·OrOinaIo
hisLishO¡anOknight
24 . . . NXd5 25 Nd4!
oacrilicing aIOnco,IOwhich
lar¡OvroactsLy gOing a¦OngwiIh
\hitos¡Ian anO IhonOocliningIho
LaitaItho¦asImOmont
25 . . . £6 26 NX£5
1horo soomsIO Lo as¦ighI
OilloroncoLotwoontho twO
¡OssiL¦o ca¡turos, in IhaIalIor
¿ol·Lo l ·oo ¿7 lOo lbc7
¿bl·c4 l·c4 ¿¬l·oo Iho
aggrossivo mOvo ¿¬ lt4 givos
L¦acka cIoar aOvantago,o g
3Ul·lo l·g¿ 3l lOÌ lh4,
Ihroatoning 3¿ lg4¬
anO 1ao¬ as wolIas 3¿ l·lo,
Or 3Ug3 lh3 ¬ 3Ì ll l Lo4,Or
3Ul3 lc¿ otc , Or 3UlLo Lo4
3 l l3 LO3 lOl¦OwoOLy lc¿
Lntho OthorhanO, al|ortho
mOvo chOson anO Iho lurIhor
mOvos
26 . . . fXe5 27 Nd6
LIacksatIackwOu¦OlaOoaway
altor ¿7 lbc7 ¿bl·c4 l·c4
Ì 4b
Diagram <
¿¬ l·oo ll4 3U g3 (nOt
3U l·Lo L·g¿ 3Ì lao Ll3
3¿ l·a7 lc¿ wiIhawinning
attack) lh3 ¬ 3Ì ll Ì lc¿
3¿ lo¿ ¯his variaLOnis¡orha¡s
nOtvory cOnvincing,os¡ocia¦Iy
sinco LIack cOu¦O havo chOson
¿b L·c4( ' ) ¿¬l·oo ll4-O3,
whichmaintains acIoaraOvantago
ÏOwovor, lar¡OvOociOosIOroturn
a¦¦thomaIoria¦inoxchangolOr
amOro OotiniIo ¡OsiuOna¦gain -
aknightanchOroOatO3
27 . . . N£4 28 NXb7
Ïl ¿bl·cb l·cb
¿¬ l·oo l·g¿ 3U l·Lo Lab
3 l lao lc7 3¿lOl LIackkoo¡s
hisiniLaIivo gOingLy3¿ lh4'
28 . . . Nd3 (Liagram ¿)
ouOOonIyIho L¦ack¡iocos givoan
im¡rossiOnOl groat ¡Owor,ilnOw
¿¬ ll ¦ (OthorrOOkmOvosaro
wOrso) lc¿ 3UlOo (Or
3UL4 lo¿, throatoning 3 Ì lcc¿)
lbco 3 Ì l·Lo l·L¿
3¿ l·a7 lc7 Or 3¿laLÌ ao
anO wins Ïthoro 3l lo4,sim¡Iy
3 l l·L¿ Oril 3l lto lto, sO
LIackmustwin aIloasIa¡awnin
thosovariauOns lnviow Olthis
\hiIocOnLnuosIOsLru¡
cOm¡IicaLOns
29 Nd6 NXe1 30 NXc4
lOIOlcOurso 3U l·ol lc I , nOr
3Ul·cb lc¿, which¦Osos a¡ioco
30 . . . Nc2 31 Nd6
\hiIonooOstOhavosoonsOmo
wayìnIOIho¡OsitiOn,os¡ocia¦Iy
LocausoOlhis vuInoraLIo Lack
rank,anOilnOw 3 l lco hohas
oiIhor 3¿ lOl Or 3¿ lloroaOy
31 . . . RdB 32 Nb7
ÏOrcoO,nOt3¿lOÌ lO4 winning
tho oxchango
32 . . . Rd2
Pgain ro¦ying On a smaI¦LuI
OoliniIo aOvanIago¯ho Occu¡aLOn
OlIho sovonIh is LOunOIO ¡rOOuco
sOmoLonolìI,whoroas 3¿ . lO7
isansworoOLy 33 lcÌ
(33 . l·a3` 34 lco)
33 Rc1?
\hito ¡rOLaLIy missoOOnoOl Iho
throaIs ¡OsoOLyLIacksnoxI mOvo
anO Ihis cOsIshim a¡awn 33 lLÌ
wasnocossary,whon LIackwOuIO
¡rOLaLIyIryIO IiquiOaIohiswoak
¡awnanO O¡onu¡thosovonIhLy
33 o4 34lco o3 3olo4' (nOI
3o l ·o3 l·o3 3o g3 lg4' -
3o Tc4 37 a4 L4 3bL3 is nOt
vory�Ioar - 37h3 loo
3blo4 ll3¬ 3¬ll l lh¿ anO
\hitomusIaLanOOnIhoL·¡awn
Ly 4UlOÌ ) 3o o·l¿¬
(3o Ho¿ 3oll Ì ) 3o l·l¿ lo3.
LIackOLviOus¦yhasacIoarmitatvo
horo, Lut\hiIohassOmohO¡osOl
a Oraw
33 . . . Nd4
¯hroaIonsnOIOnIy34 lo¿¬ Lut
(il 34lLÌ ) 34 . lL3 anO tho
whiIoknighIis tra¡¡oO \hiIo is
thus lOrcoO inIO acOunIor·aIIack,
whichhOIOsOut¦iItIo hO¡o, as his
¡iocos wiIInOIcOmLinoollocLvoIy.
Ì 4¬
34 RcB+ K7 35 h4 (Liagram 3)
1wO squarosLocausoOlIho
romOto ¡OssiLiIiIy Ol gotIing a
aknighIIOlbanO go, cOmLinoO
withho PIsO IhowhiIokinghas
aLIIIomOroair
35 . . . RXb2 36 RaB
lOrcoO, ho cannOtaI¦Ow LIacktO
¡icku¡Iho a·¡awnaswoII(altor
lL3)anOhavoIwO cOnnocIoO
¡assoO ¡awns lOw,insIoaOOlIho
looLIo3o . . lco, LIack usoshis
knight as aggrossivoIy as ¡OssiLIo
36 . . . Ne2+ 37 Kh2
37ll Ì ll4 3blgl |ust
trans¡Osos.
37 . . . N£4 38 Kg 1 Nd3
linOingIhowoak s¡OI.llnOw
3¬l3 lol winsIho g·¡awnanO
thon Ihoh·¡awn, Oril 3¬llb la¿
4UlOo ao anO wins asocOnO
¡awn 1horolOro \hiIo IakosOll
Iho a·¡awnanO conIraIisoshis
knight,IhoOrOorLoing
unim¡OrIanI.
39 Nd6 NX£2 40 RXa7
(Liagram 4)
lOw lloanOlobaroin Ihoair,
LuILIackoasiIysIrikos lusI
40 . . . Ng4 41 g3 Ne3 42 Kh1
Diagram 3
Diagram ÷
LIhorIrios aro (í) 4¿lo4 lgo
ínIonOíng tO Ois¦OOgo Iho knight
Ly lto anO oithorwinIho
g·¡awnOr march hiskíng thrOugh
IOh3wíIhmaIing IhroaIs,
,u) 4¿ lL1 lg¿ ¬ 43lhl l·g3
44l·Lo lh3¬ anOwíns,which
íssímiIarIO tho gamo¯ho mOvo
chOsonstO¡s4¿ lg¿Locauso Ot
43lto'
42 . . . Kg6!
1hothroaIOt akingmarchís stíI¦
tho LosI way, ovon IhOugh ít
ínvO¦vos sacriticíngIho g·¡awn,
LocausoL¦ackcannOtOOmuch
mOrowíthIhorOOkanOknight
a¦Ono1hoímmoOíaIo4¿ lO¿
wOulOIoavoL¦ackatom¡OwOrso
Otlthan4¿ lgo attor
43 lob lgo 44 l·g1¬ lto (soo
thonoxInOto),whi!o43 lto ín
IhisLnoloaOstO a¦oss cIoar
¡OsiIiOnatIor 44 g4 l·h4
4bl·g7¬ lhb 4olt1 (stO¡s
4o lt3 anO throaIons 47 lto' )
lgb 41lt Ì oIc
43 Rb7
ltínsIoaO 43lob lto' (anOnOt
43 lto` 44g4 l·h4``
4ol·g1mato ) 44 l·g1
(44l·g1¬` lg4-h3)L¦ackhas
44 lc4, c¦oaríngthowaytOrIho
o·¡awnanO a¦sO¡icklngu¡tho
a·¡awn (4o la1 la¿)
43 . . . Rd2
lOw\hiIo mustoíIhoraLOwIho
OosIrucuOn Othís l·siOoLy lto
Ortry Iho OuLíOuslobotc
44 NXb5 N£5 45 g4
Lr 4oa4 l·g3¬ 4olgl o4
47lo7 la¿ 4blc3 la3 anOit
4¬l·o4 lo3 oUloo¬ lto ¯ho
rostís straighItOrwarOin any caso
45 . . . NXh4 (throaIons 4o lt3)
46 Kgl Rg2+ 47 Kf l RXg4
48 Ra7 N£5 49 a4 h5 50 aS h4
5 1 Ra8 h3 0- 1.
GAME 40 \hitoVaganían L¦ack omys¦Ov
Lool, l ¬1b ´runto¦OLotonco
1 N£3 d5 2 d4 N£6 3 c4 c6
4 e3 g6 5 Nc3 Bg7 6 Be2 0-0
7 0-0 e6 8 Qc2 Nbd7 9 Rdl b6
10 e4 dXe4 1 1 NXe4 Qc7
12 NX£6+ BX£6 13 Bh6 ReS
14 c5 bXc5 15 dXc5 Rb8
16 Rabl Qa5 17 Nd4 QXc5
18 QXc5 NXc5 19 NXc6
Ì oU
(Líagram l )
¯his¡OsítOnís nOtasinnOcontas íI
a¡¡oars,\híIos smaII aOvantago
ínOovoÍO¡montOL¦ígosL¦ack tO
¡¦aywíIh groaI caro lOrinsIanco,it
honOw graLs a¡awnLy
l ¬ l·L¿`,wohavo
¿U l·L¿ L·L¿ ¿ Ì lo7 ¬' lhb
Diagram Ì
¿¿ LLo anO\hitosur¡risingIy
winsIho oxchango (¿¿ . . LO7
¿3L·O7 l·o7 ¿4 Lco ís laIaI)
oim¡IoOoloncoOtthoa·¡awnis
aIsOinaOoquaIo (a) Ì ¬ . lab
(unOosíraLIoOn gonoraI¡OsiLOnaÍ
grOunOs anyway) ¿U Lo3, wmning
Iho ¡awn, sincoLOIh ¿U la4
¿ Ì LLo N·L¿ ¿¿LO4| l·OÍ
¿3L·lo otcanO¿U LL7
¿ Ì lao Lao ¿¿Ll3 lacb
¿3L4 la4 ¿4Lo aroOisasIrOus,
(L) Ì ¬ lL7 ¿ULo3 la4 (Iho
OnIyIry,íl¿U . lo4 ¿ Ì l3 lgo
¿¿h4,Orít¿U lO7 ¿ Ì l·a7
anO tho ca¡IuroaIL¿cOsIs
maIoriaI) ¿ Ì l·a7 l·L¿
(¿l l·L¿ Or ¿Ì . L·L¿
¿¿LLo) ¿¿lOcÌ anO aÍIhOugh
LÍackissti¦¡a¦¡vo, hoisuncOmtOrt·
aLÍy ¡lacoO omysÍOvlinOs IhoLosI
chanco,koo¡inghisrOOkacIívo,
LuI\hiIo sIiIIachiovos alavOur·
aLIo onOingalIoralurIhortIurryOt
cOm¡LcauOns
19 . . . Rb6! 20 Be3
¿Ul·a7 isIossgOOOnOwOn
accOunIOl¿U Lao,o g ¿ Ì L·ao
(il ¿ Ì Ll3 l·L¿ isnOw quiIo salo)
l·ao ¿¿ lLo (nOI ¿¿ Lo3 l·a7
l oÌ
¿3 L·co l·a¿ ¿4 La3 lLb anO
LIackis OnIO¡) l·a¿ ¿3 L4 lo4
anOLIackhasI¡IIIoIO wOrryaLOuI
1hoIoxImOvowinsIhooxchango,
which\hiIohOwovorsOOnOociOos
IOroIurn, ¡rotorring aOilloronIIy¡o
OlaOvanIago
20 . . . RXc6 21 Bb5 Bd7!
P cÍovarOolonco, whichroa¦!y
OosorvoOaLoIIorlato ÏIhasIhroo
OisuncI ¡Oints ( Ì ) ¿¿ L·co l·co
¿3 L·O7 is OLvíOusIy¡OinIIoss,
(¿) ¿¿l·O7 lLo'
¿3 L·co l·Lo ¿4 L·a7 l·L¿
¿o l·L¿ L·L¿ shOuÍOLosalo
onOugh, IhOugh\hito wOuÍOkoo¡
a sI¡ghIaOvanIagohoro, (3) 1ho
acIuaIcOnIinuauOn,
22 BXc6 BXc6 23 BXc5 Be4! ,
whichIoavos\hiIo aOíllicuII
chOico,il ¿4 lLc I L·L¿
¿o lc4 lcd ¿ol·o4 l·co
¿7la4 shOuIO Loa win,IhOughiI
wOuIOLoharO wOrk ÏnsIoaOho
roIurnsIhomaIoriaIaIOncoanO
¡arIOlIholascinaIiOnOlthis
onOingIíosinIholacIthatho
¡uOgosIho ¡OsitiOn roachoO IOLo
mOrolavOuraLIoIhanhavingIho
oxchangolOr a¡awn\hoIhorIhís
assossmonIwas cOrrocIis
OoLataLIo, LuIaI aII ovonIs Iho
onsuing¡Iayis mOst instuctvo
24 b4! ? BXb1 25 RXb1 a6
(Liagram ¿) 26 a4
\híIo cannOw LocorIainOl
a ¡assoO¡awnaILo,su¡¡OrIoOLy
LOIhrOOkanO LishO¡, Ihis wiIÍIio
u¡aIIoasIOno OlthoLIack¡iocos
tOraIOngumo,whuohisOwnkmg
aOvancos 1ho¡rosoncoOlIwO
¡iocos OnoachsiOo,raIhorIhan
|usI a¡airOlrOOks, incroasosIho
vaIuoOlIho ¡assoO ¡awnLocauso
OlthooxtaIacucaIchancoswhích
Ihoy ¡rOviOo, oíIhortOrtOrcing Iho
Diagram <
aOvanco OlIho¡awnOrlOrmaking
IhroaIs OnIhoOIhor wing 1hisis
why \hiIo OocLnosIho tOlIOwing
OltorIO oxchango
26 . . . Be7
1hoLIOckaOowiIhIhoLíshO¡,
hO¡ingIO koo¡IhorOOkmOro
acIívo,ísÍíkoÍy IO LoIOO tl¡msy,
¿o lcb ¿7 Lo3 Loo
¿b Lo a·Lo ¿¬a·Lo LLb
3ULo llb (Oril3U. . lc¿
3 Ì laÌ ) 3 l L7 lc¿ 3¿Lgo' lob
33 lOÌ ís anoxam¡ÍoOtwhaI
cOuIOha¡¡on
27 Be3 Rb8 28 b5 aXb5
29 aXb5 K£8
PnyOoÍayinLringingIhoking
acrOss cOulOLo OangorOus,anOín
any caso IhoOnIyOIhor¡ÍausíLIo
mOvos, ooanO Io, wOuIO
lurthorwoakonhis ¡OsiLOnanO
havosoriOus cOnsoquoncos IaIorÏl
¿¬ to 3ULo lL7 3 l lc l lLb
(nOI3Ì . LOb 3¿lcb lO7
33g3wíIhL7IOlOIÌOw,nOr
3 Ì . LOo 3¿lco lO7 33g3
oIc.,nOr 3Ì llb 3¿lcb¬ ll7
33lc7) 3¿lc7 ltb 33L7,
winníng aIIoasIIhoh·¡awn1ho
otlocIOt . ooLocOmoscÍoarÍaIor
Ì o¿
On (cl mOvo 3o)
30 b6 Rb7 31 g4!
loIoasingIho king,whO¡IansIO
soIIÍo Ono4,LuIwíIh anOIhoriOoa
inminO,whichisOvorIOOkoOLy
LIack,viz, 3¿go' 1hoLoauIyOl
IhismOvoisIhaIiIsIhoOroLcaI
OrawLacksOtrosIrictngiIs Own
LishO¡ anOIoaving awoaknossaI
lo aroIargoIy irroIovanI, whiloIho
lixing OlIho LIack h·¡awn is whaI
linaIIyOociOosIho gamo
3 1 . . . Ke8?
3 Ì Ioisnocossary(Or¡orha¡s
ovon 3Ì . go) answoring 3¿ lc l
Ly3¿ lob 33lcb¬
(33lc7` l·c7 34L·c7 lO7)
LOb, lOIIOwoO Ly lO7
(34 go` lO7) \hiIowOuÍOmOsI
IikoIyconIraÍísohisking
3¿lg¿ lob 33ll3 lO7 34lo4
anOit34 . LOb 3olOl + lob
3olOo wiIhaOvanIago
32 g5!
1ho rosIOlIho gamoturns On
\hiIosollOrIs IO LroakIhrOugh,
oíIhorOnIhoLackrankOrOnIho
h·tiIo, anO winthowoakh·¡awn
anOLIackís sIrangolyhoI¡lossIO
¡rovonI Ihís lOroxam¡Io,Iho
attom¡IIO win IhoL·¡awnwiII
aIways laiI 3¿ lO7 33 lg¿ lco
34 ll3 LOb 3o lo4 L·Lo
3o l·Lo¬ l·Lo
37L·Lo l·Lo 3bloo lco
3¬llo lOo 4Ul·l7 oo
(4U loo 4Ì lg7 llo 4¿h4
anOwins) 4l lg7 lo4
4¿l·h7 lt3 43l·go l·t¿
44 lto anOwínsultimaIoIyLy
aquoonchockaI g3,Ihís¡awnín
lacI(aILo)romainssocurolOr
anOIhor¿4mOvos1 LIackIhorotOro
usos IhoLíshO¡ OnanOIhor
OiagOnaIIO koo¡Ihoonomykíng aI
Lay.
32 . . . Kd7 33 Kg2 BdG
34 h3 KeG 35 Re l + Kd5
PgainaOillicuIIchOico, Locauso
IhoLackrankisIo

ox¡OsoO
lOwovor, lOrIhomOmonI 3olcd
canLolOuoOLy 3o lLd,whíIo
tho aItornaLvo 3o lO7 wOulO Lo
¡assívo, o g 3o lO7
3oll3 lLd 37lo4 lL7 anO
nOwIho OiroctaIIom¡I
3dlaÌ lco 3¬lad LLd'
(3¬ lLd 4Ul·Ld L·Ld
4l Ll4 anO wins)¦oaOsnOwhoro
Locauso tho oxchango sacrilico
4Ul·Ld l·Ld 4Ì loo lO7
4¿llo lod ís nOI gOOO onOugh,
ovonilho wíns Ihoh·¡awn
lOwovor, a cOmLinaLOnOlIhís
iOoaanO Iho aOvancoh4-ho
shOuIO sullico 3dh4 lLd
(3d. . Lo7,hoaOínglOr Od,anO
3d LL4,hoaOínglOrao,aroLOIh
wOrsoOn accOunIOl 3¬loo)
3¬ho lL7 (3¬ . g·ho 4Ulhl
wOuIOLovory LaO) 4Uho lLd
4Ì laÌ lL7 4¿lad LLd
43l·Ld' l·Ld 44 loo anO
\híIo musIwin, oiIhorLy
44 lod 4olOo lOd 4olco
anO 47 Ll4, Or44 lL7
4ollo-g7·h7 oIc
3G K£3 (Liagram3) e5
lo¦ucIantIy, sinco íI ro¡rosonts
anOthorwoaknoss alIor\hitos
inovíIaL¦o lo4,Luthoisin
Zugzwang,íl 3o lLd
37lO̬ lco 3dlo4 (IhroaIons
3¬l·Oo¬) lL7 3¬h4 IoaOsínIO
IholasInOIo,whí¦o 3o lO7
¡ormiIs 37lcd(-hd) anOílIhon
37 Loo 3blco¬ lOo
3¬ lo4 Lg7 4Ulcd anO 4Ì lgd
LnIhoOIhorhanOLishO¡mOvos
laiILocauso Iho sonsiLvosquaros
coanOc7LOIhroquiro¡rOIocIiOn.
(a) 3o . L anyaIOngtho a3·ld
Ì o3
OiagOnal 37 lc7, (L) 3o . LLd
37lcd, (c) 3o. Loo
37 lcd lLd(`) 3dlco¬ anO
3¬l·oo, (O) 3o Lh¿
37lcd lLd 3dlco¬ lOo
3¬ lc7 PLIhisas arosuIIOl 3¿ go'
37 Rdl + KeG 38 Ke4 Re7
L¦ackIakosthousuaIOolonsivo
moasuros, L¦OckaOoOlIho¡assoO
¡awnLyIhoking, aIIhosamoIímo
¡uIIing Iho rOOkinamOrousotu¦
¡¦aco Ïn IhoIasIlow mOvos LolOro
Iho Lmo·cOnIrO¦ aImOvo4U\hiIo
nOw ¡rOLos aIíIIlo, koo¡íng his
main¡¦anOl h4-ho in rosorvo
oincoL¦acks¡OsíIiOnissO
¡rocariOus,ho cOuIO oasí¦yhavo
s¦i¡¡oO anO aIIOwoO IhorOOkIO
¡onoIraIoIO Iho sovonIh OroighIh
rank.
39 £3 ReB
lOI3¬ . lL7 4Ulc ̬ lO7
4Ì lOo anOLIackismuchwOrso
OllIhanínIho gamo.
40 Ral BbB 41 Rel + Kb7
42 Rdl
4¿ lOo lOd¬ wOulOnOwLo
¡OinIIoss
42 . . . KeG 43 h4
ÏurIhorgaíns aronOtIOLomaOo
Diagram 3
On tho ¸·síOoOrin IhoconIro, sO
\hiIo O¡onsasocOnOlrOnI,
¡rosonIingLIackwith lrosh
¡rOLIoms
43 . . . RB
lingmOvosaroOuIOlIhoquosIiOn
LocausoOl 44 lO7, sOLIack
makosa suiIaLIowaiIingmOvo, aI
Iho samoLmocOnIom¡IaLng . Io
44 hS (Liagram4)
\onOwroachIhocriLcaI¡OsiLOn,
Iho chOicoisLoIwoonIakingIhis
¡awn, whíchIoavosIhowayO¡on
IO\hiIoskíng anO rOOk,anO
¡ormiIIing 4o ho ÏnIhoIatIor caso
IhowhíIoh·¡awnmighI soomsO
sIrOngthaIawininIhorOOk
onOingísguaranIooO Llack
accOrOingly ¡layoO44 . g·ho,
Lutanalysís ínOícaIos IhaIho mighI
|usthavoho¦O OnLyavOiOingIhis
anO ¡IayingthorighIwaihng
mOvos
lirsIOlaIÌ, 44 . lo¬ canLo
oIiminaIoO. 4og·to l·lo
4o lOb LOo (4o lL7
47ho ll7 4blgb-g7) 47ho ll7
4blab' (LackIO Iho ¸·siOo' )anO
Iho IhroaIOl 4¬la7 wins ra¡iOIy,
sinOoIhoroisnOIhingIO¡rovonI
\hiIosking march lOo·÷o-t7-gb
alIoranoxchangoOtrOOks
oocOnOIy,LIackmay mOvohís
rOOkIOanOlrO, 44 lod 4oho
anOnOw
(i) 4o ltb 4ot4 (¡rOLaLIytho
OnIywayIO cIoaru¡Iho ¡OsiLOn,
ovonIhOughitoxchangosOtl
L¦ackswoak¡awnanOhisLaO
LishO¡) o·t4 (Or4o lod 47to,
Ihroatoning 4bl ·go l ·go
4¬ ll l , anOil47 ltb, sim¡ly
4b ltÌ lírsI) 47 L·l4 lod¬
4bll3 L·t4 (Or4b . ltb
4¬ L·Lb l·Lb oUll4 lod
o l lO4 anO LIackmusI aIÌOw
Diagram ÷
o¿ lOb, o¿lO7 Or o¿ loo, it
horo oU l·Lo oÌ loo lLo¬
o¿ llo lto¬ o3 lg7 anO wins)
4¬l·t4 lo¿ oUlOb ll¿¬
o l lg3 llo o¿lg4 (Líagram o)
anOIhoIOssOlthoh·¡awnistaIaI,
o g o¿ .Io o3 g·to l·to
o4 lhb ll7 oo lgb l·Lo
oolg7 ll Ì o7l·h7 lgl¬
ob ll4 go¬ o¬llo whon LIack
mayIry. (a) o¬ lhÌ
oU l·go lco oÌ lhb,anOhis
kingOaronOIcOmoanynoarorIO
Iho l·siOoLocausoOl o¿ h7,
(L) o¬ . . g4 oUlo7 lhl (Or
oU g3 oÌ lgo g¿ o¿lo¿)
Ì o4
o l lgo g3 o¿ lo¿ lh¿
o3loÌ g¿ o4lgÌ anOwins,
(c) o¬ lco oUlhb lL7
o l h7 lhl o¿lgo g4 o3lod
anOwíns
(u) 4o. ltb 4ot4 o·t4
47L·t4 lo¬ 4bg·to L·l4
4¬l·l4 l·to¬ oUloo llo ¬
(oU . ll7 oÌ lOo¬ lL7 o¿ loo
isnO im¡rOvomont - Ihoh·¡awnis
sLIIIOst) oÌ loo lho o¿lOo¬
(o¿lO7`` loo¬ ís OnIyaOraw)
lL7 o3lO7¬ l·Lo
o4l·h7 go oollo lco oolhb
Diagram b
anOwinswiIhOuIlurIhor OillicuIIy
- oo . lhÌ (Or oo lO7 o7h7)
o7l·go lgI ¬ obllo ll l¬
o¬lg7 lg̬ oU lh7 lOo
oÌ lgb lhÌ o¿ lgo¬ oIc1ho
¡laywiIhIho h·¡awninvariaLOns
(i)anO (ii)is simiÍar - soIIing u¡ Iho
¡OsiIiOnwiIhrOOkaIhbanO ¡awn
aIho, sOIhaIIho OolonOingking
OaronOIa¡¡rOach, anO sOmoLmos
shoIIoringwith Iho kingLohinOIho
g·¡awn,insIoaOOtca¡turingit
lOnoOtIhissoomsaIaII
¡rOmising, LuI IhoroisOnomOro
OolonsivomOvoyotIO Lo
cOnsiOoroOPlIor 44 lod 4oho
whynOIIoavoIhorOOkaIob,
makingIhoLroakthrOughwiIhl4
im¡OssiLÍowiIhOuIsOmoma|Or
roOrganisaLOnOlIho ¡OsiIiOn`1ho
OnÍygOOOwaiIingmOvo wOuIOLo
4o . LOo,LuIIhisis corIainIymOro
sIuLLOrnIhan4o llb oinco
4olcl ¬ lL7 47 lOo soomsIO
loaOnOwhoroatIor47 lOb,
\hiIowOuIO¡rOLaLIy¡Iay 4oL7,
Ihroatoning 47l·Oo¬ l·Oo
4bLa7 anOIoaving LÍacktho
chOicoLotwoon4o . . LLbanO
4o lLb(4o . Lc7
47La7 l·L7 4blO7 wOuIOLo
LaO).
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47 Lc7 4bLa7,Or 47 . 1c7
4blLo-lo,wiIh lOoalsO sOOn
lOlÍOwing) 4blLo¬ lO7
4¬lOo l·Lo oUL·Lo anO
LIackiswiIhOuIaOoconImOvo
¯horolOro4o lLb, whon\hiIo
cannOIwinLyLquiOaLng -
47 lLÌ l·L7 4bl·L7 l·L7
4¬ lOo lc7 oULco L·co
o l l·co lO7 o¿ lOo lob'
o3l·oo lo7 o4l4 lob
oo llo llbotc.ÏlhoIrios
47l4 l·L7 (47 . o·l4``
4bl·Oo¬) 4bt ·oo Lo7 hois
LynOmoanscorIainIOwin,having
IOsIIhoL·¡awnwiIhOuIlinOing
aLroakIhrOughwiIhIho rOOk
l oo
llIhis variaLOn alIOws LlackIO
osca¡o,assoomsIikoIy,thon\hiIo
maynOIhavo acÍoarwinaIaIl,
sincoIho aIIornaLvotO 4o ho,viz
4oh·go,aIsOIoaOstO nOthing
OoliniIo atIor4o h·go
4o lhÌ LOo 47lh7 llb oIc.
PtIorIhisonOrmOusnOIowo
roIurnIO Iho gamo,LÍackchOsoIO
ca¡Iuro,atIorwhichhoiscorIainÍy
IOsI
44 . . . g Xh5 45 K£5
4o lhI ` wOuIOLovoryIOOso¡Íay
- 4o lo¬ 4og·to l·lo
47l·ho ll7 anO\hiIo koo¡s
OnIyaminimaIaOvanIago
45 . . . Bd6 46 Rc l + Kb7
47 Rl Ra8
laIuraIlythoLosIchancoistO
actvaIohisrOOk,LuI\hitos
¡aIionIhanOLng OtIhoIasI¡hasoOl
Ihis onOing isvoryim¡rossivo,ho
rolusos IO winmaIorial¡romaIuroIy
anOhaIlIho Lmoho sooms IOLo
roIroaLng,yoIsIoaOy ¡rOgross is
aIways Loing maOo
48 RXh5 Ra3 49 Ke4 Kc6
(Liagram o)
PnOIhorchockis nO uso
4¬ la4¬ oUlOo la3
o Ì l·h7' l·o3
o¿ l·I7¬ l·Lo o3 l·Oo anO
\híIo wins oasíly
50 Rhl !
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wìIIOolonOIhoLishO¡,¦oavingIho
king IO OOIho OOnkoywOrkOl
winning¡awnsPlIor oUl·h7
Iho chockslrOmIhoLlack rOOk
wOuIOLoasoríOusnuísanco
50 . . . Ra4+
¯horo is nOIhíngLottor,itoU lO7
o I l·h7 la4¬ o¿lto la3
o3l·I7¬ lob (Or o3 lco
o4lo4 otc,síncoIhorOOknOw
cOvorsIhoI·¡awn) o4loo' l·o3
oola7 wiIIOOvory nicoly
5 1 K£5 Ra3 52 Rel Bb4
53 Rc l + Rc3
Lr o3 lL7 o4lc7¬ lLb
oo lo4,anO ool·t7 IO lOLOw
54 K£6 RXc l 55 BXcl e4
Diagram ô
56 fXe4 KXb6
LnIynOwOOosL¦ackwínIhís
torriL¦o ¡awn, which has ¡IaguoO
hímtOrsO¦Ong, anO thonoxtmOvo
ísalsOtho hrsItímo\hitoacIualIy
wínsmaIorial, sínco roturningIho
oxchango aImOvo¿4'
57 KX£7 Bc3 58 B£4 1-0.
1hoo·¡awnwilIcOsIL¦ackhis
LishO¡
GAME 41 \hiIo1imman LIack Lozo
oOmLOr, Ì ¬74 oíciÞanLolonco
1 e4 c5 2 N£3 Nc6 3 d4 cXd4
4 NXd4 N£6 5 Nc3 d6
6 Bg5 e6 7 Qd2 a6
8 0-0-0 Bd7 9 £4 Be7
10 N£3 b5 1 1 BX£6 gX£6
12 Rel Qa5 13 Kbl 0-0-0
14 g3 Re8 15 Bh3 KbB
16 Re3 Qb6 17 Rel Na5
18 Qd4 QXd4 19 NXd4
(Líagram Ì )
Llacks ¡awn strucIurois tairIy
cOmmOn inIhís varíatíOn Oltho
oiciIían anO has IhovirIuo Ol
cOnIrOIIing aIargonumLorOt
l oo
contro squaros anO givinghim tho
usoOltho g·tílo ÏIs Oark siOoís Ihat
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t·¡awn ís aIargoI ÏnIho¡rosont
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rolovantloaIuroanOLIackíssOOn
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vaIuohoro
19 . . . B£8
\aiIing, LIackschiolhoaOachois
tho Ihroat Io, which nooOs IOLo
answoroOLyalurIhorOoloncoOl
Iho o·¡awn,IO avOiOwoakoningOo
1honaIuraÌ·ÌOOking ̬ . lc4 is
inollocLvo as \hiIohas aIacucaÌ
sIrOko - ¿U l3o¿ anOil¿U L4
¿ l lOo' o·Oo ¿¿ L·O7 l·O7
¿3 o·Oo,wínning IhoLishO¡Lack
Ly ¿4lco OrlIo Ïlhoro
¿Ì . . ao, \hiIo maysim¡ÌyIako
Iho LishO¡Or¡Ìay ¿¿L3 la3¬
¿3 lL¿ lLo ¿4 l·Lo L·Lo
¿ol·o7' l·o7 ( ¿o L·o¿`
¿olco¬ lc7 ¿7l·Ob Lho
¿bg4 winsa¡íoco) ¿olO¿ lc7
¿7loOl wiIh aOvanIago
20 Bg4
lro¡aríngIOaIIackIhoroarI·¡awn
anO aviOíng Iho¡romaIuro
¿U lo` lc4 ¿Ì l ·oo l ·oo
(¿Ì l·o3 ¿¿o·O7) anOIho
knighIsoIIÌosiOoaIÌy Onoo
20 . . . Nc6 21 Nce2
ÏnIonOingIO koo¡aknighIaIO4IO
su¡¡OrI lo LÌackshOuÌO nOwavOiO
oxchangmgLy,say, ¿Ì . Lg7,
LocausoilIhon ¿¿l·co¬ L·co
¿3lO4 LL7,Iho IhrusI ¿4lo is
wrOngOn accOunIOl¿4 oo
¿olL3 Oo' LÌackis IhonlrooanO
roaOyIO Iako IhoíniuauvowiIhhis
Diagram !
LishO¡soinco ¿¿Io wOuÌO again
Lo ¡romaIuro Locauso Ol
¿¿ . loo,\hiIowOuÌO ¡rOLaLÌy
LiOo hisIimowiIh ¿¿ c3, aÌsO
mooIingIho IhroaI Ol ¿¿ . . l·O4
¿3 l·O4 lo
21 . . . NXd4(?)
¯hisiswrOng, IhOughIho
Ouloroncois nOIoasyIO s¡OI 1ho
ÌOssOlIom¡OínLríngmg Iho
LishO¡IO co ís a soriOus maIIor
22 NXd4 Bg7 23 £5! e5
P vOíOancoOlIhísmOvowOu¦O
cOnOomnhimIO ¡or¡oIua¦Oolonco
Ol oo \hiIocOuÌOIhon swíIchhís
rOOks IO Iho O· OrI·tiÌo,Orovon
atIom¡Ian aIIack On Iho kíng
24 Nb3
¿4lo¿, aiming OirocI¦y aIOo,is an
aÌIornaLvomoIhOO.ÏlIhon
¿4 Lco ¿o lc3 L4
¿o lOo L·Oo ¿7 o·Oo Ìoavos
\hiIo wiIh sOmoaOvanIago
Locauso IhoLÌackkingis ox¡OsoO,
LuIovonLoIIoris ¿oLI3 Oo (Or
¿o L4 ¿oa3 anOL¦acks¡awns
arowoakonoOaLíImOro)
Ì o7
¿o o·Oo L·Oo ¿7L·Oo l·Oo
¿b lc3 lO¿ ¿¬lÌ o¿, anO
hOwovorLÌack¡Ìays, thoknighI
wí¦¦ Occu¡y o4 sIrOngÌy
24 . . . Bc6 25 Bh5 Re7
LotonOingIho socOnOrankanO
gonora¦Ìykoo¡íngIhisrOOkacIivo
ll ¿o ltb ¿olao Lab ¿7c4 is
sIrOng,o g ¿7. L·c4 (il
¿7 . L4 Iho O·¡awn romaíns
LackwarO, anOil\hiIois
¡ormiIIoOIO oxchango, Iho L·¡awn
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¿¬lL3 ¬ la7 (¿¬ LL7
3Ulao lO7 3 l o·Oo, Or
¿¬ . lc7 3UlLo wiIhlc l¬ anO
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3 Ì lLo lOOb 3¿lcÌ , Orhoro
3 l lO¿ 3¿lcl , IhroaIoning
LOIh 33lcb¬ anO 33lc7¬,
\hiIohasaIIOgoIhorIOO many
IhroaIs) 3 l Ll3| L·l3 (il
3 l L·c4 3¿ lL7¬ lab
33 l·l7¬ wins cOmlOrIaLIy)
3¿ l·l3 anOIhoIwinaOvanIagos
Olan ox¡OsoO onomy king anO
alinosquaro lO his knighIaIo4
Ioavo \hiIo wiIh awinningonOing
26 Na5 Ba8 27 B£3 (Liagram¿)
1hisistho¡OintrolorroOIOinIho
nOtoIO LIacks ¿l stmOvo ¿7 . Oo
isnOwim¡OssiLIoLocausoLIack
hasLoon OLLgoO IO ¡OsIhis rOOk
On o7
27 . . . Rc7 28 Rd3 B£8 29 a3
1honoxI¡hasoLogins,inwhich
\hiIomakos sOmos¡acogainsOn
tho ¸·siOo anO socuroshis knghI
29 . . . Rdc8 30 c3 Ka7
3 1 Kc2 Kb6 32 b4 Be7
33 Bh5 B£8 34 Kb2
1ho¡IanisIOroachOowiIhhis
LishO¡anOlOrcoanoxchango,
OLIainìngacIassicknighIvs LaO
LishO¡onOingwhoroIho
suLsoquonIOccu¡aLOnOlIho
conIraÌ ¡OinI wOuIO Lora¡iOIy
Oocisivo.
34 . . . Rd8!
LutIhisisIho ¡rOLIom, \hiIo
nooOsIwOOlhis ¡iocos IO ¡rovonI
. Oo, anOilho OOuLIos rOOks, Iho
LishO¡issIil!roquiroOaIl3IO
OolonO tho o·¡awn
35 B£3 Re8(?)
LIackwrOngIy ¡ormiIsIhoLishO¡
manOouvroÌtho¡ustwaìIs, \hiIo
hasIwOways OtIryingtO mako
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3o lL3 Llb 37 lal Lho
3blc¿ LL7 3¬lo3 (Ihoro
a¡¡oars IO LonO cIoarwayOl
OolonOingIhoo·¡awn, ¡rovonLng
Oo anO OrganisingLOÌ -L3-Oo,
Diagram <
ll 3¬g4, inIonOinglgl , h4 anO
go, Ihon 3¬ Lt4' otc.) L·o3
4Ulo·o3 lcO7 anO\hiIo c¦aims
asmaLaOvanIago (L) 3o Lo7
3olL3 lOcb 37lcÌ Llb
3bc4 Lo7 3¬a4 Ltb (LIack
avOiOsoxchanging,roOucing
\hiIosscO¡o aLIIIo)
4UlOc3 Lo7 4l a·Lo a·Lo
4¿c·Lo l·c3¬
43 l·c3 l·c3¬
44l·c3 l·Lo 4olL3 Oo' anO
\hiIomusIgO lOrIhoOrawLy
4oo·Oo L·L4 47 lco oIc
1hosoaroOnIysam¡lovariaLOns,
LuIthoyinOicaIoIhatawaiLng
¡OIicywas LIacks Lostchanco
l ob
36 Bdl Rc4(! )
1hoLostchancoi n¡racLco Pltor
3o . lOb 37LL3 Lg7 3bLOo
LIack cannOt ox¡ocI tO survivo Ìt
horo 37 LL7 3bLOo
_
cb
3¬g4,anOho ishOrriLIy cram¡oO
37 NXc4 bXc4 38 Rd2 Rd8
39 B£3 Bh6
lo¡inshishO¡osOntholacIIhaI
IhoLroa
¿
go isOilticuIIlOrIho
O¡¡OnonIIO achiovo wiIhOut
a ¡awn sacrilicoPtIho samo Lmo
hiskingishOlOing u¡ \hiIos
¡OIonLaI ¡assoO ¡awn 1hoIrOuLlo
isIhaIhis¡awnsIrucIurois sO
woakIhaI\hiIo canwoLallOrO
atom¡OrarysacrìlicoIO O¡onu¡
tho gamo
40 Rg2 BeG
losIraininga4anOLo, whuohis
king wiIIOolonOIhoO·¡awn
41 h4 Ke7 42 g4 Rg8 43 g5!
(Liagram3)
1horoisnO¡OmIi nlurIhor
¡ro¡araLOnÏl 43 logl Lo3,Orìl
43 lg3 (lOr lo¿-g¿) LI4, Oril
43lhl lg7 oIc
43 . . . fXg5 44 £6?
LutnOw1mmangoIshismOvo·
OrOor wrOng 1horightwayis
44Lho' anOnOw (a) 44 . lg7
4oIo, (L) 44 Lob 4o Io,
lOIIOwoOLy 4ologÌ , wínningIho
¡awn, (c) 44 Io 4oLI7 lg7
4oL·c4 g·h4 47l·g7 L·g7
4b LOo anO LIack is quitoIOsI
44 . . . Rg6 45 h Xg5
\hìIo mayhavoinIonOoO
4o Lho l·Io 4oh·go oIc ,anO
nOw soonthaI 4o g·h4|
4oL·go h·go i sactualIyin
LIackslavOur lOr Iho OOuLIo
oxchangohohastwOuniIoO
¡assoO ¡awns, hisLishO¡saro
aggrossivoIy ¡IacoO roaOyIO
su¡¡OrIIhom, tho whiIo ¡awns aro
L¦OckoOanO aLOvoaLIhorOOks
cangoInO ¡Iay oincoavarìaLOn
such as 47 lhl L·o4
4bl·h4 L·g¿ 4¬l·ho
(IhroaIoning oU l·go) lO7
oU a4 Lco o l ao loo is
hO¡oIosslyIOsI,\hìIocOuIOOnIy
waiIwhiÌotho ¡awns aOvanco
45 . . . B Xg5 46 Bh5
´ìvingLackIhooxchangoisIho
On¦y chancoIOwìn Pgain,uho
sim¡Iy alIOwsIhoI·¡awntO Lo
Iakon,LIackgoIsmOroIhan
onOughcOm¡onsaLOn1ho noxI
lowmOvosarolairlysIraight·
lOrwarO
46 . . . Bel + 47 KXel RXg2
48 BX£7 R£2 49 BXe4 RX£6
50 BXa6 R4 5 1 Bd3 h5
L¦ackmayroasOnaLIy ox¡ocI IO
Oraw nOw, as hìs ¡assoO¡awnis
quitoOangorOusanO \hiIos
¡iocosaroIom¡OrariÌy LoOu¡
52 Kd2
lOIhingcan Lo OOnounLIthorOOk
isroLovoOOlìIs OolonsivoLurOon
Ïl o¿ Lo (Or o¿ c4 lLo
o3 Lo LL7 o4lO¿ lco
oolo3 lIb,wìIh labOr lhb
IOcOmoanOLIackskingis iOoa¦Iy
¡IacoO) LL7 o3 a4 lao,\hìIo
has OLviOusIyaOvancoO
¡romaIuroIy
\, :·
Ì o¬
52 . . . h4 53 Ke3 Rg4
o3 h3, makingluIIorusoOlIho
¡assoO ¡awn,ìsaI¦oasIas gOOO,
o. g o4lhÌ lh4 oolh¿ (Or
oo c4 h¿ anO\hiIocanOO
nOIhingoxco¡I oolI3 lt4¬
o7 lg¿ L·o4¬ obL·o4 l·o4
o¬ l·h¿ l·c4, wiIh a Oraw)
lLo oo lI3 lt4¬ o7 lg3 L·o4
ob L·o4 l·o4 o¬l·h3 lLo,
Diagram 3
×
×
1
OrawingcOmlOrIaLly
54 Rf l (Liagram4) Rg7(?)
LIackLoginsIO gO astray ¯his
Oolonsivo mOvoisunnocossaryanO
o4 . h3 is sIiLtho LosI,o g
ooll7¬ lLo oolh7 (OIhorwiso
lh4) lg3¬ o7lo¿ lg¿¬
oblt3 la¿, Orawing oasiIy. lOw
\hiIohasachancoIO ro·Organiso
aIitIIo ÏOwovor, LIackis sIiIIsalo
55 R3 Bd7
lOunOaLOuIhoro Oois naIuraIÌy
amistako, giving \hito Ihroo
¡assoO¡awns anOIoaving LIack
wiIh awoakconIro¡awn
56 Bfl Bg4
Lthorwiso\hitogoIsasocuro
LIOckaOoLyLh3
57 R£6 h3?
ÏIissIrangoIhaILIackavOiOsIho
naturaI o7 lh7llIhon
ob a4` h3 winsa ¡ioco, sO
ob ll¿ isnocossary,whon
ob LO7 hOIOsu¡ Iho ¡awns
PlIorIhaI o¬lg¿ Lco
oULO3 h3¬ oÌ lh¿ lhb
o¿ll3 lab o3l·h3 l·a3
o4Lc¿ (Or o4c4 lL3
ooLo lLo anO\hiIowJlnovor
IilIIhoLIOckaOo) lLo oIc again
Ioavos\hiIonOwinningchancos
Ps¡IayoO, LIacklanOsinavory
¡rocariOus situaIiOn
58 R6 Bd7
ÏnOirocIIyOolonOmgIho¡awn
LocausoOl lg3¬. LuInOw
\hitostOrcosaromuchmOro
aggrossivoly ¡lacoOanOho can
aOvancoOn tho OIhorsiOo
59 a4!
oOIhaIil o¬ L·a4 oUL·h3,
anO wiIhIho king chainoOtOhis
O·¡awn \hiIo shOuIOwin lurIhor·
mOrotho whitoLishO¡isnOwlroo
anOilLIack |usI waiIs, say
o¬ lL7, Ihon oULLo (nOI
oU l·Oo h¿ oÌ lho lgÌ ) L·Lo
(OroU Lg4 ol ao, with Lc4,
LOo(¬)anOLoinminO)
o l a·Lo lg3¬ o¿lO¿ lc7
o3 c4 lg¿¬ (Oro3 lL3
o4lc¿ l·L4 oolc3 anO
oo l·h3) o4lc3 lg3¬ (il
o4 . h¿ ooco anO lc4whon
roquiroO) oolL¿ lg¿¬
oola3 lg3¬ o7la4 lo3
ob co O·co o¬L·co l·o4¬
7Ulao lo3 7Ì la7¬ lcb
7¿lLo anOwins.
59 . . . Rg3+ 60 Kd2 Bg4!
LIackissLIÌlighLngÏohasin
minO alurIhor ¡awn sacrilico,
whichhOwovora¡¡oarsIO Lo|ust
insulticiontIO Oraw
6 1 R7+
P usoluI mOvo,Locauso
oÌ lLo` o¿ ao¬ lco
o3Lo¬ lco o4lc7 is maIoll
o l lco o¿LLo¬ lLo o3c4|
anO Lho maIo IhroaIcOsIs LIackhis
rOOk
61 . . . Kb8 62 R4
locossary,Locausoil
o¿ao lg¿ ¬' o3loÌ (Or
Ì oU
o3 lo3 lg3¬, ro¡oaIing, Or
o3 lcÌ lgÌ , Or o3lO3 lt¿'
Diagram ÷
Diagram b
o4L·h3 ll3¬) la¿ o4L·h3
(Othorwiso h¿ anO . Ll3) lh¿
oo L·g4 l·h7 anO aOraw
shOuIOrosuIt
62 . . . d5!
1ho¡OintOlhísoUth mOvo LIack
actuaIlyhasLttIo chOico,ílhowaits
Lyo¿ LooOr lL7, thowhito
¡awns aro roaOy tO rO¦I, OrU
o¿ Lt3 o3l·h3 l·h3
o4 L·h3 L·o4 ooc4, hohasnO
roaIchancoOlsurvívaI.
63 eXd5 e4
\hítosrOOkistom¡OrariIyOutOt
¡ÍayanOtholOlIOwíngoxchango
sacrilicohastOLomaOo ÌtinstoaO
o4ao o3¬ oolol lgl , anOtho
throatOloo o¿ lOrcositanyway
64 RXg4 (Liagram o) RXg4
1ho altornatvoístOtyanonOing
wiIhrOOkagaínstLishO¡anOIhroo
¡awns, inwhich a LIOckaOo Ol
sOrtscanLosotu¡ÏOwovor,
\hitoshOu¦O sLJwin, aslOI¦Ows
o4 o3¬ oolO3 (nOt
oo lo¿ l·g4 ooL·h3 lc4
with aOraw) l·g4
ooL·h3 lg3 o7LO7' o¿¬
Ì oÌ
ob l·o¿ l·c3 o¬ao lL3
(o¬ la3 7UOo lL7
7 Ì lO¿(-c¿-L¿)ísnOLottor)
7ULo la3 7Ì ao lc7
7¿ Lco laÌ anOnOw,asIOng as
thoLIackkingromains atc7,his
O¡¡OsitonumLorwu!linO nO
sholtorlrOm chockssim¡IyLy
aOvancíngu¡thoLOarO P¡awn
sacrilico ísnooOoOtO onaLIohímtO
roach co 73lO¿ la3
74lc¿ laÌ 7olL3 lao
(7o lOo 7olL4 lL̬
77lao lco 7bLo' la̬
7¬ La4 anO wms) 7olL4 laÌ
77 a7' l·a7 7blco laÌ
7¬Oo¬ lOb (7¬ . lcb anO
. lLb loaOtOsimilarlinishos)
bULo lc ̬ bl lLo lL̬
b¿lao lL¿ (Or b¿ . . la̬
b3La4 lLÌ b4 lao laÌ
boL7 l·a4¬ bolLo) b3lao
anOwins
65 BXh3 e3+
Ïloo . lg3 ooLlo o3¬
(oo lO3 ¬ o7 lc¿ lo3 ob ao
otc ) o7lo¿ anO \híto canovon
¡IayLo4-l3anO l·o3 LolOro
aOvancinghis Own ¡awns
66 KXe3!
¯hisi sthoroal¡Oint lOur
aOvancoO¡awnswiIhIhoirking
íOoalIy¡IacoOoasiIyOuIrunarOOk,
ovoninIho¡rosoncoOlIhoonomy
king
66 . . . Rg3+ 67 Kd4 RXh3
68 e4 Ke7 69 Ke5 R8
70 b5 Rea
\ithlOur¡awns\hítohasnO
wOrríosaLOutchocks,oiIhorlrOm
thosiOoOrlrOmLohinO
71 b6+ Kb8+ 72 Kb5 R8
73 aS R1 74 a6 Rb1 +
75 KeG Ra 1 76 d6 1-0.
GAME 42 \híIolOmanishin LIack.lLíIava
lool, l ¬7¬ loLL¡oning
1 N£3 N£6 2 c4 e6 3 g3 d5
4 Bg2 dXc4 5 Qa4+ Nbd7
6 QXc4 c5 7 Qb3 Be7
8 0-0 0-0 9 d3 Nd5
10 Nc3 N7£6 1 1 d4 Qb6
12 QXb6 aXb6 13 Rd1 Bd7
14 Ne5 NXc3 15 bXc3 Ba4
16 Rd3 Ra7 17 Bb2 ReS
18 Nc4 Nd7 (Liagram Ì )
LIackcancIaimsOmoaOvanIago
horo ( I ) LocausoIho whiIo knighI,
¸·LishO¡ anO rOOkaro a¦ÍaIiIIIo
awkwarO¦y ¡IacoO, (¿)LocausoIho
whíIo a·¡awn can cOmo unOor liro
OOwn Iho O¡on liIo
19 dXc5
lrOLaLIythoLosI¡racIícaIchanco,
horomaínswiIhIwOisO¦aIoO
¡awns, LuIOLIainsusoOtIhoO·tiIo
anO can im¡rOvo Iho ¡Iacmg Ol
sOmo Othís ¡iocos Ïlho aIIacks IOO
sOOnLy l ¬ Oo,Ihon l ¬ . Lo (nOI
Ì ¬ LLo ¿U O·oo l ·oo anO
LIackhasOn¦y woakonoOhimsoIt)
¿U O·oo L·c4 ¿ l o·O7 lOb
rogainsIho ¡awnwíIhaOvanIago
Diagram Ì
¿U lOo` wiIInOIwOrk, Ly Iho way,
atIor ¿U L·Oo ¿ Ì O·oo lLo
roca¡Iuring ¡ormiIs IhoknighIlOrk
aIc4 (il ¿¿ o·l7¬ llb' )
ÏlhosIO¡sIho IhroaIsOl LLo
anO . c·O4Ly l ¬lo3,LIack
has, lOroxam¡Io, Ì ¬ . c·O4
¿U c·O4 LLo ¿Ì lO¿ lcab oIc
PIsO¡OssiL¦oís l ¬ . . c4
¿U lO¿ Lo LuIIhoollocIOl
\híIosIhrusI ¿Ì Oo isnOIc¦oarin
Ihís variaLOn.
19 . . . bXc5
lOI l ¬ . l·co ¿Ul·Lo' Ïnany
caso,LysIraíghIoningOuIhís
¡awnshoguaranIooshimsoIl a ¡¦us
wiIhOuI Ioaving \hiIo any¡OssíL¦o
cOm¡onsaIíOn
20 £4
Ì o¿
¿U lOo mayIOOk naIuraI, LuIíI
sOOnroLOunOs ¿U L·Oo
¿ Ì l·Oo loo ¿¿ Lc Ì (IhoOnIy
mOvo' - it ¿¿ lLÌ lc4
¿3 lO3 Lc¿) lc4 ¿3 lO3 anO
nOwIho whiIo ¡iocosaroinaIangIo
anO LlackhasIwO O¡LOns lomay
¡Iay ¿3 Lo, IhroaIoníng
¿4 Lc¿ ¿o ll3 Lo4 whon ho
oxchangos LishO¡s anO roachos
a cIassickníghIvs LaOLishO¡
onOing, Orho mayIryIho mOro
lOrcíngIino ¿3 LL3 Ìn IhaI caso
¿4a3 Lo is raIhorwOrsoIhan
LotOro lOr\hiIo,whí¦o ¿4lLl `
IOsos quickIyatIor ¿4 Lc¿
¿o l·L7 l·a¿ inviowOlIho
Lack rank throaI \hiIo wOu¦O
havoIO¡¦ayhoro ¿4 L·L7' whon
¿4 l·L7 ¿o a·L3 l·L3
¦oavosLIackwíIh sOmo aOvanIago,
IhOugh\hiIohasalighLng chanco
with Iho Oísa¡¡oarancoOl
hisa·¡awn
1hoIoxImOvosIO¡s . . loo
anO,aIOngwiIhIholOIIOwing o4,
¡lans IO gains¡aco.LlcOurso,as
¦OngasIhoLIackknighIromains
unOolonOoOaIO7, ho nooOnOIloar
. LLo
20 . . . Kf8
lOw¡IanningtO answor ¿Ì lOo
wiIh ¿ l . L·Oo ¿¿l·Oo lo7
¿3 lO¿ lLo ¿4o4 lc4
¿o lt¿ lOb with cOntrOIOlIholi¦o
21 e4 Rd8
PIIasI throatoning ¿¿ . LLo anO
again ¿3 lOo is Ooa¦twiIhLy
¿3 lLo ¿4 oo L·Oo
¿o l·Oo l·Oo ¿oo·Oo lc4
winninga ¡awn 1ho¡OinI
aLOuIthosovariaLOnsis IhaI
OnoinloriOr¡ioco(\hiIos
¸·LishO¡)cancOm¡IoIoIy
Oisru¡I anOIhorwisohoaIIhy
¡OsiLOn, asIho gamocOnLnuos,
Ihoox¡IOiIaLOnOtIhis LaO
LishO¡LocOmosIhomainIhomo
OlIhogamo
22 Rd2 b5 23 Ne3 c4
ÏomusIOOIhis,OIhorwiso \hiIo
may lroohis LishO¡ Lyc4 lurIhor·
mOro, LIacksLishO¡anO knight
cannOwusocootlocLvoly anOat
tho samoLmo tho whiIo c·¡awnis
tixoO anO a strOng¡Ointhas Loon
croaIoOatO3,quiIoalOItOrOno
mOvo, roaIIy'1hohomming·inOlhis
OwnLishO¡ is nOtmuch Ola¡rOL·
Íom,iIwillsOOnLoroIoasoO
Ly . L4
24 Ng4
ÏnIonOingIOro·rOuIoIhisknighI,
nOIIoasIIO koo¡IhoLIackOnoOuI
OlO3Or o4 Ïl, say, ¿4oo lco
¿ol·Ob¬ L·Ob ¿oLa3 Lo7
Ihon ¿7L·co L·co ¿bll¿ lO7
IoavosLIackwiIhIho lLo, whiÌo
¿7 Ll Ì lo4 ¿b L·o7¬ l·o7
¿¬ lc Ì lO7 isharOlyany LoIIor,
ovonIhOugh\hiIohasgOIriOOl
hisLaOLishO¡
24 . . . Rc8
LIack¡rolors a OilloronI¡IanlrOm
tho OuocI¿4 lco1horosuItOl
IhaI cOuIO Lo ¿o l·Ob¬ L·Ob
¿oloo lc7 wiIh loanO . lO3
lOLOwing, OroIso ¿oll¿ lO7
¿7La3 Lo7 with agOOO¡OsitOn
inoach caso 1ho mOvo chOson
aimsIOro¦oasotho LishO¡aIa4as
alirsI sIo¡ PlIorIhaILIackwiI¦
mako uso Oltho a·liIo.
25 Nf2 b4
\hito cOuIO harOIy havo ¡rovonIoO
this Ly ¿o a3, which wOuIO¦oavo
his a·¡awn IOO vuInoraLÍotOIho
LIack rOOk anOLishO¡inIhoIOng
run
l o3
26 Rcl b3 27 aXb3
Ïl ¿7a3,sim¡Iy ¿7 . Lco
¿blaÌ lcab
27 . . . BXb3 28 e5 (Liagram ¿)
\haIovor\hiIo OOos, LIackcan
aOO¡IasimiIar¡IanlOrLroakmg
inIOIho ¸·siOo,lrOm nOwOn
\hiIosLaOLishO¡LocOmos
a gonuinoIargoIlOrIhorOOks
28 . . . Nc5 29 Be4
Diagram <
lOI ¿¬lo4 lO3 oIc , whonIho
LIack rOOk¡onoIraIos aIOncoIO a¿
(3U lal ` l·aÌ ¬ 3Ì L·al lab
3¿ LL¿ la¿ winníngmaIorial).
lOrIhomOmonI\híIo|usIhasIO
Lo¡aLonIinlonOingOllIho IhroaIs,
amOng OIhor Ihíngs homusI
¡rovonIL¦ackgainingcOnIrOIOl
IhoconIroliIo
29 . . . Na4 30 Ba1 Bc5
3 1 Re 1 Rcc7 32 K£1
loo¡s IhorOOkslrOm¡onoIraLng
lt3¿ lO7 33l·O7 l·O7 anO
hohaslo¿roaOyinro¡ly
IO . lO¿ ÏnaOOiIiOnhocan¡Iay
34Lco anOil 34 lO¿ 3o lo¿
whon oíIhorIhorOOksOrIho
LíshO¡ anO kníghIwí¦¦Lo
oxchangoO LvonIhon\hiIos
gamowOuIOLounonviaLIoOn
accOunIOlIhowroIchoOLíshO¡aI
al , LuIaIIhíssIagoLlackwishosIO
avOíO cOmmíIIíng himsoIlIO IOO
manyoxchangos,in viow Ol\hiIos
¡assivo¡OsiLOn
32 . . . Nb6 33 Bb2 Rd7 34 Ree2
34l·O7 l·O7 3o lo¿ la7
wOu¦OLosími¦arIOIhogamo
34 . . . RXd2 35 RXd2 Ra2
PliIIIo ¡romaIuro, síncoIho rOOk is
Orivon OuIanOIho whiIo knighI
linOsa cOnvoníonI squaro
3o . lo1wOuIOLoausolu¦
OovolO¡íngmOvo, anOalIorIhaI
a gOOO ¡lan tOrLIackwOulOLoIO
Iry anO oxchangoIhowhiIo·squaro
LishO¡s (. La4-O7·+b-L7)anO
ovonoxchango hisOIhorLishO¡lOr
Iho kníghI\hiIowOuIOIhonLololI
wiIh LaO LishO¡ againsI knighI anO
wíIh vorywoaksquarosaI O3 anO
Oo(cOm¡aroIhonOIoIO\híIos
¿UIh mOvo). 1hisisOnIyanOut¦ino
OlhOwIho gamomíghI¡rOcooO, Ol
cOurso,\hiIohasOolonOoOwoI¦sO
lar anOIhoroisnOguaranIooIhaI
Diagram 3
Ihis ¡lanwOuIO win
36 Bb 1 Ra8 37 Ne4 Be7
(Liagram 3) 38 Nd6?
1hoIOsingmOvo, ¡rOLaLIymaOo
unOorIimo·¡rossuro.lOrIacIical
roasOnsiIisIOO muchOta sIrainIO
su¡¡OrIIhisOuI¡OsI, aswoIIas
OotonOing againsILIacks¸·siOo
IhroaIs ÏngonoraIIormsíI issLlIho
LaO LishO¡whO is IhochiolcuI¡riI.
P somi·waíLng mOvosuchas
l o4
3b lo¿ wOuIO LoLosI, thon
3b . lOo anO 3b Ta4 aro
LOIh gOOO mOvos,LuIOOnOIIoaO
IOanyIhingimmoOiaIo
38 . . . Na4
lOwIhoLishO¡musImOvo,sínco
roca¡IuroaI OowíIhIho rOOkis
gOingIO LoossonLaltOr\hiIo,
roca¡turo wiIhIho ¡awnwOulO
Ioavo iItaIaLywoak
39 Ba1
lOI 3¬lo4 l·L¿ 4Ul·L¿ lal
anOIhoIhroaIOt La3is
cOncIusivo.lOrís 3¬lo¿any
im¡rOvomonIOnthogamo
cOnunuaLOn(3¬ . . . l·L¿
4Ul·L¿ L·Oo 4Ì o·Oo lob
wíIh lO7 anO . laoIO lOI¦Ow)
39 . . . BXd6 40 RXd6 Nc5
41 Bb2 Nd3!
1hisi sIho ¡OinI, \híIo musIIako,
anOho IhonIOsoshis c·¡awnin
savingIhoLishO¡
42 BXd3 cXd3 43 c4
lOthmgolsowiIÌ OOmIholacoOt
thoIhroaIswhichLIack can
gonoraIoaltor43 la¿ Ïl
43 lol (43 lLo` O¿) la¿
44Lc l lo¿¬ 4olt Ì lc¿'
4oLo3 Lc4' 47 lgl
(47 lO4 O¿ ¬ 4blgl lcl¬)
lo¿ 4bLl¿ O¿ anO wins llhoro
4o La3 lob (Ihroatoníng
47 la¿ anO thon . . O¿)
47loÌ lo¿¬ 4b ll Ì la¿ anO
wins
ÏIis inIorostnghoroIhaIIho
suLIIor 4o . Lc4 ís loss gOOOOn
accOunt Ol 4olO4' anOil
4o . O¿ 47L·O¿,Oril
4o . . lc¿` 47 La3¬ anO
4bl·c4 Ïl4o Lao 47lOo
(nOI 47la4 la¿' ' ) la¿ 4bloÌ ,
Orhoro47 . LLo 4blLo
43 . . . Ra2 44 Bc3 B Xc4
¯horosIOlIho gamois quiIoan
insIrucLvooxam¡Io Ol Iho
sOmowhaI Oilticu¦I arIOtwinning
wíIh rOOks anO O¡¡Osito LishO¡s.
PLOvo aII, LIackmusIavOiOan
oxchango OtrOOksunLIhoís
cortainIhattho¡uro O¡¡OsíIo
LíshO¡onOingis wOn 1hiswOuIO
roquiroaIIoaIIwOoxta ¡awns, Or
IwOwiOo¦y so¡araIoO¡assoO
¡awns, OnoOlwhíchcOuIOLo
su¡¡OrIoOLyIhoking,uILmaIoly
lOrcing Iho sacrilico OtIhoonomy
LishO¡ lOrIho mOmonI,a¡arI
lrOmhitIingthoh·¡awn,LIack
IhroaIons 4o O¿¬ 4olgÌ LOo
winninga¡ioco Ïl 4olgÌ LOo is
IOOsIrOng,sO\hiIo nooOs
sOmoIhmgshar¡or
45 Rd4!
loo¡sin cOnIacIwiIhIhoL¦ack
¡awn lOw4o Lao israIhor
inollocLvoalIor 4olgI LL7
47l·O3 lg¿¬ 4bll l l·h¿
whonLIackisunlikoIyIO win
4o LOo 4oh4 lc¿ wiIh Lc4
IOlOuOwis ¡OssíLlo, LutLIackcan
OOLotIorsIiu
45 . . . Rc2! 46 Bb4+
lt 4ol·c4 lc̬ (nOI4o O¿`
47lo¿) 47ll¿ O¿ anOwinsIho
oxchango
46 . . . Ke8 47 Kg 1 (Liagram4)
¯horoisnO OirocIway IO mako
turIhor¡rOgrosswithIho ¡awn,ín
s¡íIoOlLIacksaggrossívo¡iocos,
homusIOLviOusIyusohisking,anO
alsOcroaIoawoaknossinIho
O¡¡OnonIs¡awnsIructuroÏo
shOulOIhonwínoithorLy
¡onoIrating turIhorwiIh hisking,Or
LycOmLiníng throaIs IO aOvanco
his¡awnwiIh an aIIackOnIhonow
woaknoss
l oo
47 . . . £6
POiIommalOr\híIo,ho OaronOI
IakoanO¡ormitLIacka socOnO
¡assoO ¡awn. 4bo·lo g·lo
4¬ g4 oo anO \híIo isOvorrunín
alowmOvos ¯horolOro ho goIs an
Diagram ÷
isOIatoO ¡awn, sincoa ¡ioco
OLviOusIycannOtLos¡aroOtO
roca¡turo lurIhormOrohiswhiIo
squarosaro O¡onoOlOrIhoonomy
kíng
48 g4
\oakoning,OlcOurso,LuIhohas
nOIhíngLoIIor\iIhIhismOvoho
¡IanstOshuIOuIthoLIackkmgin
a wayIhaILocOmoscIoar shOrIIy
48 . . . fXe5 49 fXe5 K£7
50 R£4+ Kg6 5 1 Rd4
¯ho¡OinIOl\hiIos Oolonco ¯ho
g·¡awnOna whiIo squaro
cOmLinosnícolywiIhhisLishO¡On
LIack,ílnOw oÌ lgo o¿Lo7¬
OrivoshimLack LIackIhorolOro
nooOs alroshiOoa,ilhocannOtgoI
thrOughwiIhhís kingOraOvanco
his¡assoO¡awn,ho musIoíthor
linO awaytO atIack thowhiIo
¡awns as Ihoy sIanO OrIrytO
woakonIhomlurIhor
ÏohasIhroo waysIOcOnsiOor
(i) oÌ LLo, inIonOing lo¿,
sínco\hiIoisharOIyina¡OsíIiOn
IOOolonOIho o·¡awn, (ii) oÌ ho
(waitng)sinco\hiIoisquiIo cIOso
IOZugzwang, (i¡i) oÌ . LOo, as
¡IayoO LlIhoso, oÌ . . LLo
cortainIysoomsIhoLosI,il
o¿ lOo lgo whonIakingIho
¡awncOsIs a¡iocoaltor o3 . O¿
whiÌo o3lLo Lc4 lOlIOwoO
Ly LOo shutsthorOOkOlllrOm
tho ¡assoO ¡awn, asín ¡roviOus
Iínos ÌlinstoaO o¿ Lao lo¿ whon
noiIhor o3lL4 l·oo nOr
o3 Lc7 O¿ isanyuso
oÌ hoisnOIquíto gOOO
onOugh,LuIshOwshOw OíllícuIIiI
islOr\hiIoIOlinO agOOOwaíLng
mOvo
(a) o¿lhÌ LOo¬ anO lg¿ ¬,
winning asocOnO ¡awn,
(L) o¿lOo, lO7OrlOb o¿ LOo
Ì oo
winning a¡ioco
(c) o¿Lao LOo o3 l·O3 lg¿¬
o4 llÌ la¿winning maIoriaI
(O) o¿ h4 LOo asinIho gamo
1ho¡rOLIomhoroisthaI acIoar
winlOr LIackís nOI a¡¡aronIalIor
oiIhor o¿h3 Or o¿LoÌ lo¿
o3 Lc3
loIurning tO Ihogamo, LIack
chOso
5 1 . . . Bd5(?)
\hiIoshOulOnOw ¡Iay
o¿ l·O3 lg¿¬ o3 llÌ l·h¿ (íl
o3 l·g4 o4lg3 anO LIack
cannOthO¡o tO win) o4lO4 whon
hoissLIÌalívo anO it isnOIcloar
hOwLIackisIO cOnIinuo, in s¡ito Ol
Iho lragiIo a¡¡oaranco OlIhowhito
¡awns lissingIhis chanco IO
¡unish LIacks ¡romaIuro IíquiOa·
IiOn,honOwgOosra¡iOlyOOwnhu
52 h4? h6 53 Ba5
PIIornaLvosaroalsOOismal.
(i) o3 l·O3 lg¿¬ o4 ll Ì l·g4
winning anOIhor¡awh,
(i¡) o3 llÌ lo¿ o4 LOo Lg¿¬
oolgl O¿ Orilhoro
o4 l·O3 lo4( ' ) winningIho
LishO¡OrIhorOOk,
(i¡í) o3LoÌ lo¿ Or o3 ho¬, LOIh
OlwhichIoaOIO ¡OsiIiOnsaImOsI
iOontcaIIO Iho gamo
53 . . . Re2 54 h5 +
PnOIhor¡awnlixoOOnawhiIo
squaro isunOosiraLlo, Lut
o4 l·O3 lg¿¬ oo ll Ì la¿
cOsIsIhooxchango
54 . . . K7
LottorIhan o4 ll7,whichwOuIO
alÌOw\hitoacOnvoníonI chock, as
a waiungmOvo
55 Bc3 Be4
oo l·oo ool·O3 wOulOLo
woakorlIiscIoarlrOma¡roviOus
nOIoIhatLIackmustLo¡atontanO
rotainhis ¡assoO ¡awnlOrIhoLmo
Loing, whiIohoLringsIhowhiIo
¡awnsunOorliro
56 Kf l Bg2+ 57 Kgl B£3
LIacknOwhasIholurIhoraOvan·
IagoIhaIhocanallOrO an
oxchangoOtrOOks (alIor ca¡Iuring
aIg4, IhaIis),sinco\hiIosh·¡awn
wiIÌIhonlaIÌanOhowiIIromain
Ihroo ¡awnsOOwn
58 Rf4
PgainsIIho aIIornaIívo ob ltÌ
LIackwinsLyIaking aOvanIagoOt
variOustavOuraLIo IacIicaIcircum·
sIancos ob . lc¿ anO Ihon
(a) o¬ Lao Lo¿¬ oUlgÌ lco,
(L) o¬LL4 lg¿ oUl·O3 l·g4
whonanOIhor ¡awn gOos,
(c) o¬LoÌ lco oULg3 L·g4'
58 . . . Rc2!
VacaLngIhoiOoaIsquaroo¿lOrIho
LishO¡LIacknOwwinsOutighI
alIorIhooxchangoOlLishO¡s, as
his¡awnisunsIO¡¡aLIo.
o¬ l·t3 l·c3 oUll¿ (oUll¿
Or oUlg¿ O¿' ) lc ̬
o l lg¿ lc¿ o¿ll ¦ (Or o¿ ll3)
O¿ o3lo¿ OÌ /¸¬ oIc Ït
oUll l O¿ wiIhoÌ lc Ì IO
lOIÌOw
59 Be 1
1hoOIhorsquarosaronOLoIIor, as
shOwninIho nOIo IO \hiIos¦asI
mOvo o¬Lao Lo¿ oUlO4 lco
oIc ,Or o¬LL4 lg¿¬
oUll I l·g4
59 . . . Be2 60 Rd4 ReS
61 Re4 B£3 0- 1.
lOromaIoriaIis nOwIOsIalIor
o¿ ll4 l·oo anO il o3 Lc3 lco
o4LL4 lgo wiLOOvorynicoIy
GAME 43 \hiIo.ÌvkOv LIack LrOwno
PmsIorOam, Ì ¬7Ì
1his gamoanOIhonoxIiIIusIraIo¡IayinwhichIho ¡awns aro aLOn Ono
siOoOlIhoLOarO,Ihisisatau¦yOrIhOOOxcasoOlIhoIochniquoinvOIvoO,
whiÌoIhoOthoris mOroOriginaI ÏnLOIh gamossOmovoryinIorosLng
IacIicaI¡IayisIO Losoon
PlIor¿UmOvos (Liagram Ì ) \hiIo
has achiovoO a ¡OsitOn wiIhlivo
¡awns againsI tOur which shOuIO
LowOn wìIh carotuI¡Iay, LuInOw
homakos a misIako wiu:
21 Bh6?
(¿ Ì Ll¿ wiIh anovonIuaIo4is
a gOOO¡Ian)PIIhOughthoLack
rankIhroaIa¡¡oarsIO OolonOIho
O·¡awn inOirocIIy, LIack nOw¡Iays
21 . . . Ral !
roOucingIho¡OsiIiOnIO a 4vs 3
onOingwhich shOuIO roaLy Lo
OrawnwiIh cOrrocI¡Iay ÌOwovor,
woshaIÌsoohOw Iho OillicuILos Ol
Diagram Ì
Ì o7
Iho siIuatOncan Iax ovon a granO·
masIor
22 RXa1
ÏocannOIsavoIho O·¡awnOl
cOurso,íl ¿¿ lO¿` Lh3
22 . . . BXd4+ 23 Kg2 BXa1
24 RXe7 Bg7 25 BXg7 KXg7
1hisísalairIyIy¡ícaIonOingwiIh
lOur¡awnsvorsusIhrooanOIho
lOIIOwing gonoraI ¡OínIs mayLo
maOo
(I) LasicaIIyIho¡OsiLOnshOu¦O Lo
OrawnLocausoIhoL¦ackking
OOosnOIhavoIO sIroIchvorylarIO
sIO¡\hiIos¡OIonIiaI¡assoO
o·¡awn anO aIIho samoIimo
OotonOhís Own ¡awns
(¿) PIalaír¦yoarIysIago ho is
ossontaIlOr L¦ack, (a)IO sIO¡Iho
whiIo ¡awns gaíníng s¡acoLy
aOvancíngIOgoIhoranOOLIaíning
asIitIínggri¡On Iho ¡OsitOn, (L)IO
¡rovonI\hiIosOLIainíng a ¡assoO
o·¡awnwiIhOuIoxchangingOll
noarIyaI¦Iho¡awns, (c)IO¡rovonI
IhoaOvancoOlIho onomyh·¡awn
whíchwuIoiIhorO¡onanOIhorliIo
(IO Iho LonoliI OlIho aI|ackor, Ol
cOurso)Or ovon ¡ushOnIO ho,
tixíngIhoL¦ackh·¡awnas awoak·
nossanO croaIingaIImannorOl
IhroaIs
(3) 1hooxta¡airOl ¡iocosgivos
Iho ¡OsiIíOn araIhorOílloronI
characIor lrOma sIanOarO rOOk¬4
vs. rOOk¬3onOingin IhaIIho
aIIackornaIuraLyhasagroaIor
varioIy OlIhroaIsaIhís Ois¡Osa¦
26 K£2 K£6 27 Ra7 h5
28 h4 Rd1
PsyoIIhoroisIiIIIoIO anaIyso.
L¦ackhas¡IayoOhis koymOvo
hoanOnOw ¡IacoshisrOOkas
activoIyas¡OssíLIoanO IriosIO
koo¡IhorosIOlhis¡OsiLOn
cOnsOLOaIoO
Ì ob
29 Bg2 Rb1 30 Ra4 Rc 1 31 £4
\hiIoisnOIcOncornoOaLOuIIho
woaknosswhichIhismOvocroaIos
aIg4 anO Iho suLsoquonILIOckaOo
LyLIack1hoaIIom¡IIOOLIaina
¡assoO ¡awnisraroIyusoluIin
suchasiIuaLOnsincoIhoLIack
kingis quiIotavOuraLIy¡IacoOIO
sIO¡iI1hoOnIyroa¦chancoOl
winningisLysOmokínO OlOirocI
aIIack(tOroxam¡Io t4-lo-lo, as
acIuaIÌyha¡¡ons,OrLy a
¡onoIraIiOnthrOugh Iho¡OIontalIy
woak LIack squaros in Ihoonomy
gamo
3 1 . . . Rc2 32 Be4 (Liagram ¿)
\híIos¡Ian LocOmosc¦oarÏo
wanIsIO anchOrIhoLishO¡aIO3
anOIhon¡IayIO atack Ihoonomy
¡awnmasswiIho4anOlo. ¯horo
soomsIO LonOLoIIorwayIO
¡rOcooOin viow OlIho actviIy Ol
Iho L¦ack¡iocos, o g 3¿ LL7
(aimíngtOr Lao-O3) la¿'
33 lL4 Lg4 anO\hiIoisgoIIíng
nOwhoro ÏOwovor, Iho mOvo
¡layoOaI¦Ows 3¿ lc4,
oxchangingOllrOOks, anOiIis
OitticulIIO soowhyLIack avOiOs
Ihis, sincoany onOingwiIhasingIo
Diagram <
× ×
× ×
×
×
¡íocooach shOuIOnOrmaIIyLo
oasiorIO hOIO lovorIhoIoss LIack
shOuIOsIiIInOtÍOso
32 . . . Rb2 33 Bd3 Rb7
34 Ra5 Bg4 35 Ra2
lOtimmoOiaIoIy 3o o4 lL¿ ¬
3o lgÌ (OIhorwiso 3o lg¿ Or
3o Lh3¬ anO 37 . lg¿) lO¿
anO LIackOrawsoasiIy
35 . . . Re7 3G e4 Rc7
37 Ke3 Rc l
lOIlaIaI, LuIiI givos\hiIo a
chancowhich cOuIOhavo Loon
avOiOoOLy 37 lco
38 RaG+ Kg7 39 £5
\hiIosOL¡ocIis achiovoO lOw
LÍackmusI¡rovonIlo¬ which sots
u¡acrí¡¡I¡ngLínOOn hís gamo
anO ovoncroaIosmaIingIhroaIs Ïl
hocannOI¡rovonIiIhois IOsI
39 . . . gX£5 40 eX£5 Rdl?
(Líagram3)
1ho¦OsíngmOvo,í ns¡íIo Ot his
¡roviOus orrOrs L¦ack canstIIhOÍO
Iho gamo wiIh 4U lo PIthOugh
Ihis a¡¡oars IOLoa woakoníng
mOvo, LIackcansIanOiILocauso
thoonomy¡awnsaro aIsOwoak
anO Oís|OínIoO PlIor 4l la7¬ (Or
4l lt4 lc7' ) llb (nOt4l lho`
4¿ lt7) 4¿lt4 lc3 \hiIocan
novormakoany¡rOgross
41 fG+ KG 42 Ra8 RXd3+
1his is quiIohO¡o¦oss,LuIIho Only
OIhor¡OssiLiuIy, Iho staIomaIo Iry
4¿ Llo' ,aÍsOtails
Ì o¬
Diagrm 3
43 L·to lO3¬ 44lo4 lo3 ¬
4o lO4 lo4¬ 4olOo anOnOw
(a) 4o . loo¬ 47lOo l·to (Or
47 lOo¬ 4blo7 loo¬
4¬ Loo' anOwins) 4blo7 anO
wins, (L) 4o lO4¬
47lco lc4¬ 4blO7 lO4¬ (Or
4b lc7¬ 4¬lOb) 4¬lc7 (nOI
4¬ lcb` lOb¬) lc4¬
oU lOb lO4¬ o l LO7 anOwins
LIhorvariatOnsIoaOIO simiIar
linishos
43 KXd3 KgG 44 Rg8+ KXfG
45 RXg4!
1hosim¡Iostway LIackmayas
woIÌrosign.
45 . . . hXg4 4G Ke4 KeG
47 K£4 £5 48 Kg5 Ke5
49 h5 Ke4 50 hG £4 51 h7 £Xg3
52 h8/Q g2 53 Qa8+ 1-0.
GAME 44 \híIo loros LIack ÏOrI
oanPntOniO, l ¬7¿
1hissocOnOoxam¡¦oshOwsOncoagamIhochancosavaiIaL¦oIO tho
strOngorsiOoinIho¡rosoncoOt an oxtra ¡airOl¡íocos
(Líagram l ) 37 Kf3 B£8
38 Rd7 Bg7
LncoagaindowoakorsíOoavOíOs
tho atIom¡ttO oxchangowhich
shOulOsuíIhím LIack maynOt
havowíshoOIO cOmmithimsoIt
LolOro tho tímo·cOntrO¦Orho may
havololImOro socurowiIh a LíshO¡
guarOing hisL¦acksquarosanO
hOIOíngLackIhowhitol·¡awnLy
hís throaItOthoo·¡awn lIIurns
OuI, hOwovor, thaIIhowhíto LíshO¡
ís amuchLottor¡ioco Pltor
3d Lco 3¬L·co (Or
3¬ LO¿ Ltb otc) l·co Llack
Orawstair¦ycOmlOrIaL¦yLocauso
thowhito¡OsitíOn íswíOoO¡onanO
tho kíngox¡OsoOIO a soríos Ol
chocks
39 Ke4 Rb8 40 Bc5
LOL síOosaro¡rOLinga¦itt¦o, LuI
Ihis ¡rOcoOuroisOLvíOusIysalor
lOr\hítoIhan lOr LIack' \hítos
Lasic¡Ianwí!¦ Lo LO4anOg4,
OncoagainIhroatoníngIhotorríL¦o
LinOto-to,anO LIackmusIIako
acuvo moasuros IO cOntosIthis
ouchmoasuros may woI!ínvOIvo
goaIsOmo¡Oínt, making
aIhrustatthowhito ¡awns,
roIucIanIthOughLIack mayLotO
IOOsonhis¡OsitíOnínthísway
40 . . . Rea
ÏohaOachancohorolOrthoIhrust
monuOnoOaLOvo, 4U go
ÏOwovor, attor 4Ì lo (4Ì g3 h4
Or 4l l ·go lL¿ 4¿llo l·g¿,
Orawíng cOmlOrtaLIyiLOdcasos)
·, \
r� ,
.
l 7U
lL¿ 4¿lo Lho 43 lOd¬ lh7
44 g4 LIackisIOsingÏtínsIoaO
4Ì lod 4¿LOo L·oo
43L·oo lo 44lOo t ·oo
4o l·oo llb (Othorwíso 4olo
oIc ) 4og4 h·g4 41h·g4 anO
LIacksgamoísstLvoryOítticuII
lrOcaL¦yIho Lost¦inoís
4U Lld 4Ì LO4 lcd
4¿g4 h·g4 43 h·g4 Lco as
suggosIoOin an oar¦íornOto
41 Kd5(?)
\hitoínturnísínaccuratoanOLy
thismOvoho gívos L¦ack ac¦oar
Orawing chanco Lostis 4l LO4,
¦oaOingtO ¡OsítOnsvorysímíIartO
IhogamocOnLnuatíOn
41 . . . Ra8?
1hísIOsosín aníntorostínganO
Orígína¦ way LIackcanIako
aOvanIagoOlamOmonIary
insocurítyínIhowhíIo¡OsiuOnLy
Diagram Ì
Diagram <
4Ì Lho 4¿Lo3 (4¿ g3 h4)
lc¿ 43g4 lh¿ 44go Lg7
4olOb¬ lh7 anOLIackissalo
42 g4! hXg4 43 hXg4 Ra5
(Liagram¿)
LyIhis mOvoho¡rovonIs LOIh
44lo anO IhomanOouvroLo7-lo,
whíchwOuIOgivo\hiIo
a OOminaLng ¡OsiIiOn lOrhis
LishO¡Oravory¡OworluI¡awn
woOgoilLIackshOuIOoxchango.
LnlOrIunaIoIylOrhímIhoromOvaI
Oltho rOOklrOmIhoLackrank
aLOwsaOilloronIwinningIino
44 Rd8+ K7 45 g5!
LuryíngIhoLishO¡aLvo - alar
mOroim¡OrIantcOnsíOoraIiOnIhan
tho ¡urolyIhoOroIicaIOrawLack
IhaIhis Ownma|OriIyis cri¡¡IoOlOr
IhoIimoLoíng
45 . . . Ra4 46 Bd4 RaG
47 Ke4 Ra4 48 Rb8!
PnicoZugzwangmOvo,maOo
¡OssìLIoOnIyLyIho¡araIysisOl
LIacksl·siOoÏlLlacknOw
roIoasosIho¡inLy4b . lao
4¬oo' winsimmoOiaIoIy
(4¬ . . . l ·oo oU lL7 Or
4¬ L·O4 oUo7) ÏlhoIrios
4b. . lc4 4¬lo3 lc Ì (Or
l 7 l
4¬ la4 oULco lOLOwoO Ly
Lo7-lowiIhIhokingshoIIoringaI
g4ilnocossary,OncoIhaI¡OsiLOn
issoIu¡LIackmusIoiIhor
oxchango,IoavingIho woOgo aIlo,
Orkoo¡hisrOOk¡assivoaIaoin
OrOorIO ¡rovonI IOss OlmaIoriaI
altor\hiIoslL7anO oo)
oUlO¿ lc4 o Ì lO3 lcl
o¿ Lc3 lll o3lo3 lcl o4Lao
anOthoLishO¡roachoslowhat·
ovorLIack OOos 1hororomainstho
mOvoactuaLy¡layoO,which
onaLIos \híIoIO winLy moansOl
anoxchangosacrílico.
48 . . . Bh8 49 Rf8
lOI immoOíaIoIy
4¬ l·hb¬ l·hb oUoo¬ lgb
o Ì o7 lo¬ o¿ g·lo ll7 anOIho
LIOckaOoOraws oasiIy.
49 . . . Kg7 50 Rd8 K7 5 1 Kd3
(Liagram 3)
lOwIhroaIoning o¿l·hb¬oIc.,
síncoIho chockaIloisavOiOoO.
5 1 . . . Ra3+
Lro Ì Lg7 o¿lO7 lgb
o3 oo l·O4¬ o4l·O4 L·O4
oo o7 anOwins
52 Kc4 Ra4+ 53 Kb5 Ra3
54 Rf8
Diagram 3
Ïo cOuÍOhavo¡IayoO Ihowinníng
IínoímmoOíatoIy, LuInO harmís
OOnoLy a cOu¡IoOtmOvosOoÍay
lOLcoIhat o4oo ísnOIsOcIoar
alIor o4 L·O4 oo o7 lo3
oood/¸ l·od o7l·od lO7
\hiIo mighI stI!wíntrOmIhís
¡OsíLOnLuIin cortain casos Ol
rOOk ¬ ¿ ¡awnsvs LíshO¡ ¬
¿ ¡awnsOnIho samosiOoOlIho
LOarOíImayLoim¡OssiLIolOrtho
rOOk IO Lroak thrOugh ilIhoonomy
¡awnsaronOtwoakonoOanOmOro
os¡ocíaLyíl his Own ¡awn¡OsiLOn
istOO rigiO lorosmothOOís much
mOrocOnvíncíng
54 . . . Kg7 55 ReS Kh7
56 R£8 Kg7 57 RXh8! KXh8
58 e6+ Kg8 59 e7 Ra8 GO BfG
1-0.
1ho rOOkísIOsIína¦¦varíatíOns,i o
(a) oU lod oÌ lco lad
o¿lc7' lh7 (o¿ la7 ¬
o3 lLd) o3LO4' lgd o4lO7
(L) oU lh7 oÌ lco lao¬
o¿lL7 loo o3 lc7 loÌ o4 Loo
(c) oU lh7 o l lco lod
o¿ lO7 lad o3od/¸ la7¬
o4lOo anOil o4 lao¬
oo ¸co, avOíOing sIaIomato.
GAME 45 \hito.lOgOlt LIack´sOm
ÏnIorzOnmIOurnamonI,LioI, Ì ¬7o
1 e4 NfG 2 Ne3 e6 3 e4 e5
4 e5 Ng8 5 d4 eXd4
6 QXd4 Ne6 7 Qe4 Bb4
8 Bd2 dG 9 Qg4 NXe5
10 QXg7 Q£6 1 1 QXfG NXfG
12 £4 NgG 13 N£3 Bd7
14 a3 Ba5 15 b4 BbG
1G Bd3 BeG 17 Rf l Ng4
18 Ke2 £5 19 h3 NfG
20 g3 Rg8 21 Be3 BXe3
22 KXe3 N£8 23 K£2 hG
24 Nd4 a6 25 Rfe1 K£7
26 Rad1 Bd7 27 Be2 ReS
28 Nb3 Ke7 29 Bf l BeG
30 Bd3 K£7 31 Re3 Re7
32 Bb1 Ne8 33 a4 Bd7
34 Bd3 Nh7 (Líagram Ì )
1hís gamoischOsonLocauso,lOr
aLiIs misIakos,iIís sucha gOOO
íLustraLOnOlIhotacLcaIchancos
avaiÍaLIo tO alow¡íocosOn an
aÍmOsIcOm¡ÍoIoÍy O¡onLOarO
PlIoragOOOOoaIOlmanOouv·
rìng OnLOIh siOos\hito OociOosIO
O¡onu¡ tho gamo L¡ tO nOwIho
Ì 7¿
aOvantagos havo LoontaírIyoquaIIy
OistríLuIoO - Iho LÍack ¡awn
conIro koo¡s tho whito¡iocos
sOmowhaIrosIrictoO, LuIIho¡awns
IhomsoÍvosaroraIhorox¡OsoOtO
aIIack OOwnIhocontraIli¦os1ho
LIackkníghIs aro cram¡oO, LuIIho
¡rossuro OtIho rOOksOOwnthog·
anO c·tÍosísnOtIOLounOorratoO
Diagram Ì
\hiIosOocisiOnIOO¡onIho
gamoim¡liosIhaIhocOnsiOors
himsoIIIO hOIO an OvoraII
aOvanIagoanO IacIica¦IyiIis LasoO
OnIho¡inningOIIhoI·¡awn¯his
hOwovor Iurns OutIO Loa mis·
| uOgmonI, sinco amOng Othor
Ihings Ihowhito king sOOn goIsinIO
soriOusIrOuL¦o
35 g4 Nh£6 36 g X£5 e X£5
37 Rdel Ne4+!
lorha¡s\hito unOor·osLmatoO
Ihis 1hoaÍtornatvowayOI
¡rovonLng 3blo7¬, Ly37 Lcb
3blO4 lg7 isOLviOusIytOO
¡assivo
38 NXe4
1hoaIIornaIivos OI 3bL·o4 I ·o4
3¬ l·o4 l·c4
4U l·Oo¬ l·Oo 4Ì lo7¬ lIo
4¿ l·O7 l·I4¬ anO
3b L·o4 I ·o4 3¬l·o4 LIo'
4Ul4o3 (4UlO4 L·h3 oIc ) lIo
aroscarcoIy atracIivoIOr\hiIo m
IhisIasIIinohoisvory muchOntho
OoIonsivoins¡iIoOIhisoxIra¡awn,
LuInOIo IhaILIackshOuIOavOìO
3¬ L·h3 4UlOo with lo!¬ IO
IOIÍOw
38 . . . £Xe4 39 B Xe4
lOtOIcOurso 3¬l·o4 LIo oIc
39 . . . N£6 40 Bg2
lo¡roIors IO avOiOtho¡assivo
¡¦acingOIhisLishO¡Ly
4ULO3 L·a4
40 . . . RXc4 41 BXb7 RXb4
lOI4Ì l·I4¬ Locauso OI
4¿lI3 anOiI4¿ l·L4
43 LOo¬
42 BXa6 BeG! (Liagram¿)
luchLoIIorthan4¿ . l·a4
43 LL7 LIacknOwgoIsa viciOus
aIIack 1ho¡OsiLOnisunusuaILOIh
IOrIhosmaIInumLorOI¡awns
romainingwhiIoLOIh siOossIilI
havoIOur ¡iocos anOIOrIhoIacIicaI
Ì 73
O¡¡OrIuniLos whichariso
1hoimmoOiaIoIhroaIis
43 . lg¿¬ 44lI Ì l·I4 anO
maIo, anOiI 43 lI Ì LIackhas,
amOngOIhorIhings,43 . l·I4¬
44lo¿ lOo 4olO3 lg¿¬
4o lOÌ lL4 47l·Oo L·a4,
winning aI¦oast a¡ioco
43lo7¬ lIb OnIyIoavoshim
wiIhmOro¡iocosIOOoIonO,whuo
43 LI I lo4¬ 44 lo¿ LOo'
Ioavos\hiIo wiIhnO satsIacIOry
wayOI¡rOIoctngIho knight -
4o lao l·a4 Or 4o lO¿ lL¿
4olOÌ (4olO3 Lc4) Lc4¬
47loÌ l·O¿ 4bl·O¿ lL̬
Or 4o laÌ lL¿¬ 4olOÌ lO¿¬
47lc Ì lcd¬ 4blLÌ La¿ maIo
Or 4o lcÌ lL¿¬ anOmaIonoxI
mOvowiIhIhoIhroo ¡OssiLIo
maLng ¡OsiIiOns¡rOOucing
acuriOuskinO OIsymmoIry,Or
IinalIy 4olLÌ lgLb
4oLg¿ L·L3 47 l·o4 Lc4¬
LasIIy,iI 43lO3 lg¿¬
44 lo3 lo4¬ wins anOIhoroIOro
\hitohasnO chOicoLuIIOmOvo
hisrOOkIrOmoÌ
43 Rcl
¯hìsìs LostLocauso, a¡artIrOmIho
Diagram <
atackOntho LishO¡, \hiIo can
nOwinIorIorowiIhhisO¡¡OnonIs
¡ÌansLy Iho ¡OssiLLtyOIa chock
aIc4
43 . . . RX£4+
\hiIohasIOavOiOawhOIosoIOI
Ira¡saIIor43 . lo4¬
44loÌ lg̬ 4o lo¿ l·L3
4ol·gÌ (nOI 4o l·co lg¿ ¬
47lI3 lg3¬) lL¿¬ 47lI Ì
(nOt 47 loÌ lL̬ nOr
47 lI3 lco¬ nOr 47 lO3 lco¬
4blc3 lL3¬),LuIIhon
47 lO¿¬ 4b loÌ lI3¬ IoaOs
OnIytO aOraw lIinsIoaO
43 lg¿¬ 44lol lg̬
4o lO¿ L¦ack again makosLttÌo
¡rOgross(4o . lo4¬`
4ol·o4 L·o4 47l·gÌ l·L3
4bLc4¬ Orhoro 4o lg¿¬
47lo¿)
44 Ke l
1hovariaLOn 44lo¿ lg¿¬
4o lO3 lOo 4ol·co lL4¬
47 lc3 lc¿ maIois OnomOro
oxam¡IoOIIhoOangorsIacingIho
whiIoking
44 . . . Nd5!
VoryshOng,Iho¡OinIisIhaIIhoro
isnO gOOOsquaroIOrIhowhiIo
rOOklI 4olo¿ sim¡Ìy
4o L·a4 anO IhoknghIcan
noiIhormOvonOrLo¡rOIocIoO
(4olaÌ Or 4olao lg̬
47lO¿ lO4¬ 4b LO3 l·O3¬
4oLc4 l·c4 otc , 4olL¿ L·L3
47 l·L3 lgÌ ¬ 4b lO¿ lI¿¬
4¬ Lo¿ l·o¿ ¬). ÌI 4olO3 leb¬
4olOÌ lI ̬ 47lO¿ lI¿¬
4blOÌ lL4 4¬Lc4¬ (Or
4¬ l·Oo LI3¬) Oo anO wins.
1hoLosIchancois¡rOLaLly
4o Lc4, Ois¡OsingOIIhoknighI,
sinco 4o . . l·c4 4ol·c4 l·o3
47l·co IoaOsnOwhoroIOrLIack
lovorIhoIoss, 4o . lg̬
4o lo¿ lg¿¬ 47lol lIo
4b L·Oo L·Oo sulIIoavoshim
wiIhaOoIiniIoaOvantago
45 Rc4?!
1hismOvowOuIOLoIinoiILIack
woroIO oxchangoa¡airOIrOOks,
LuIinsIoaOiIgivoshimIho
O¡¡OrIuniIytO iniIiaIo a socOnO
soriosOIIacLcaIIhroaIs.
45 . . . H+! 46 Kd2
4o lo¿ lg¿ ¬' 47lO3 lO̬
4blo4 lIo¬ 4¬lIo lI ̬
oUlI4 lgo matoisa OrasLcIinish
anOinany caso\hiIo wishos IO
koo¡ hisLishO¡trainoO OnIÌ .
46 . . . Rdl +!
PnochOOIhis ¡roviOusmOvo
4o . l·o3 47 l·co is LaO,
¦oavingLlackwithtwO¡iocosen
prise anOaIsOIhroatonoO wiIh
Lc4¬
47 Ke2 Rg2+ 48 K£3 Rf l +!
oLlIIho Ihomo ¡orsisIs.lInOw
4¬l·g¿ l·o3¬ oUlg3 lI3¬
savosIhorOOk
Ì 74
49 Ke4 (Liagram 3)
PnOnOw,ins¡iIo OIawhOIohOsI
OIOOuLloanOOiscOvoroOchocks
avaiÌaLIoIO LIack,OnIyOnoIurns
OuIIO Lo OIany vaIuo
49 . . . Nb4+
PIIornaLvoscanLosummoOu¡as
IOlÌOws
(a) 4¬ lc3¬` oUlO3 anO
LIacksim¡Iy IOsos a¡ioco
(L) 4¬
·
lIo ¬ oUlO4
(oU lO3` lOl¬ o Ì lc3 lOo
maIo) lO̬ (Or oU lI4¬
o Ì lO3 anO LlackhasnOIhing)
o Ì lO3 l·O3¬ o¿ l·O3 lg3¬
o3 lO4, whichisnO mOroIhan
oquaI
(c) 4¬ l·o3¬ oUl·co loÌ
o Ì lI3 lgo o¿lI¿ lg¿
o3Lc4¬ lo7 o4LOo anO
LIacks¡iocosaroalIIangIoOu¡lI
horoo l . . . lL¿ o¿lO4 anOLlack
koo¡sIhooxchango,LuIunOor
raIhorwOrsocircumsIancosIhanin
Ihogamo
(O) 4¬ .lo7¬` oUl·co l·co
o l L·I Ì
(o) 4¬ lI4¬ oUlO3 lL4¬
o l lc3 la¿¬ o¿lO3 anO Llack
canOnlyro¡oaImOvos
50 RXc6
lOI oUlO4` lOl¬ oÌ lc3 la¿
maIo
50 . . . d5+ 5 1 Kd4 NXc6+
52 Kc5
lOI o¿l·Oo lL4¬ \hiIocOn·
IínuosIOwalkOnatghtO¡o
52 . . . Rc2+ 53 Kb5(?)
o3lOo lIo¬ o4lc7 lL4¬ is
IaIal,LuIIhosamoa¡¡liosIOIho
mOvochOsonanOLlackcOulOnOw
havowOnimmoOíaIolyLy
o3 lI4' lolaIivolyLosIis
o3lLo,sOIhaIiI o3 lI4 Or
o3 . lLÌ Ihon o4LLo inoach
casoPIIor o3 . . lIo,hOwovor,
LlackshOulOstlÌwinIair¦y
cOmIOrIaL¦y,o g o4 lL7 lOb¬
oo la7 lc7¬, Orsim¡ly o4 O4
oIc
53 . . . Rbl?
Diagram 3
Llack míssosiI, ¡rosumaLly unOor
Iimo ¡rossuro, anOroachosan
onOmgwhichshOulOOnlyLo
Orawn
54 Bb7
1hroaIoning¡usIIO aOvancohis
¡awnwiIh ¡lonIy OI su¡¡OrI anO sO
IOrcing Llacks hanO
54 . . . RXb3+
lI o4 lO4¬ oolao l·L3
ooL·Oo¬ loaOstO aLoIIor
onOmg IOr\hiIo thanho goIs in
Iho gamo, sincohisrOOk(cuItngOh
Iho kinganO OoIonOing Ihoh·¡awn)
anOhisLishO¡aroiOoally¡lacoO
lOwovor,ho musInOI¡lay
oo lLo l·L3 ooL·Oo ¬ llo
o7L·L3 lcL¿, nOr
Ì 7o
oolL4 lc4¬ oolao l·L3
o7 L·Oo ¬ lIo
obl·L3 l·L3¬ o¬ lLo lcb¬,
i I horo oola3 lc¿¬
o7 la¿ l·o3 obl·LÌ lL4
wins
55 RXb3 Nd4+ 56 Kb4 NXb3
57 BXd5+ Ke7 58 BXb3
(Liagram 4)
ÌI LlacknOwaIIom¡Is IO win Iho
h·¡awn,hoIinOsIhaIIho OIhor
onomy ¡awnisIOO IasI, og
Diagram ÷
ob lh¿ o¬ao l·h3
oUao lh4¬ (OroU . lhl
oÌ a7 lal o¿La4 lL̬ o3lao
anOwins) ol lLo lho¬
o¿lLo lh3 o3 LOo with aOraw
PsamaIIorOIIacIIhoonOingis
Orawn anyway wiIh cOrrocI¡Iay,
LuIL¦ack cannatura¦Iymako
amuch LoItoratIom¡tIhanthis.
1ho IirststagomustLoIO win Iho
a·¡awn wiIhhis kíng LyIying u¡
thoLishO¡IO tho OoIonco OIIho
h·¡awn, aIthosamoIimoinIorIoring
wiIhtho onomy kings marchIO tho
OIhorsiOo
58 . . . Rd2
loo¡sthokingcuIOII anO sIays
wiIhinrangoOIIhoh·¡awn
59 aS Kd6 60 a6
oUlLo lL¿ wOuIO|ustLo
awasIoOIIimo
60 . . . Kc7 6 1 Kc3
1hoOLviOus oÌ lco ¡ormits
L¦ackanoat soquonco OIIOrcoO
mOvos as IOIIOws o l lO3
o¿Loo (o¿a7 lL7) la3
o3lLo lo3 o4 Lg4 ho' anO
wins Ono OIIho ¡awns, whi¦otho
whito king has maOo aLsOIuIoIy nO
¡rOgross IOwarOs Iho l·siOo1his
is amOsIim¡OrIanIvariatOn,Iho
IactcaI¡OinIs which cOmoIO
LIacks aiO aronOI|usI Iucky, LuI
Iy¡ica¦ OItho rOOks ¡Owor On an
O¡on LOarOanO Iho wayinwhich
¡rOgross isIroquonI¦ymaOoín
suchonOings
61 . . . Rd8 62 Bc4 Kb6 63 Bd3
¯hoOn¦ywayIO ¡rOviOoshoItorIOr
Ihoking,nOwL¦ackOivorts tho
LishO¡
63 . . . R£8 64 Be2
¯OIotIhoh·¡awngOanOaIlOw
LIack a¡assoO¡awn wOu¦OLo
voryOangorOus anO many caso
unnocossary
Ì 7o
«
«
Diagram b
b . . . R£2 65 Kd3 Rh2
66 Bg4 KXa6
1hoonOingshOulOnOwLo Orawn
Locauso OIIho woaknossOIIho
LIack ¡awn LIack OOoshisLosIIO
makotho O¡¡Osingkings|Ournoy
OiIIícu¦IwhiÌohis Own king
a¡¡rOachos, LuIIhoroisaIimiI IO
his rOOksmanOouvraLíLIyinthis
ros¡ocI
67 Ke4 R£2! 68 B£5
obLI3 lLo o¬lI4 lco
7Ulg4 lOo 7 l LOl loo
7¿lho lIo 73Lc¿ lI7 aJOws
LIack IO savoIho ¡awn. lIshOuIO
Lo¡OinIoO OutIhaIovonIhonIho
onOing¡rosonIs groaIIochnicaI
OiIticuIIiosanO maystiIILo Orawn
lOwovor, \hiIo can mako things
oasiorLyL¦OckingIhoLIack king
withhisOwnking IOraIowmOvos.
68 . . . Re2+
lI ob lLo o¬ loo lco
7UlIo lOo (7U . lg¿ 7 Ì Lg4)
7 Ì lgo loo 7¿LLl lIo¬
73 lho anO LgotOIOJOw
69 K£4 Kb6 70 Bg4 (Liagram o)
PgaínthorOOkis roaOyIO Ooa¦
withaOitocIaIIack -
7U lg4 lg¿¬ 7 Ì lh4 lgo' anO
\hiIo is LaOIytioOu¡
70 . . . Rf2+ 71 Ke5 RfB!
LIhorwiso 7¿ LIo anO 73 lIo as
LoIOro.
72 Bh5!
lOwthoinIontiOnis IO LIOckaIt7
wiIhIho LishO¡ 7¿ loo lco
73lo7 lt4 wOuIO LoIOOsIOw
72 . . . Kc5
lo ¡rO¡OsostO wOrkhisway
rOunOIho Lack 7¿ lc7
73loo oIcgoIsnOwhoro
73 Bg6 Kc4 74 KeG
LIackwíII ¡onotraIo ovontualIy, sO
Ihorois nO ¡OinIin Irying tO
O¡¡Osohim, o. g. 74 Lto lc3
7olo4 lO¿ 7oLg4 lol
77lo3 lI I 7bLI3 lgÌ
7¬ lo¿ lh¿ bUlI¿ lI7' otc , Or
74lo4 lc3 7o lo3 lIo
7oLo4 loo 77 lI4 lO4
7b LIo lIo
74 . . . Kd4 75 Bf7 Ke4 76 Ke7?
\hiIo LIunOors tragicaJy,|usI
whoninsighIOIIhoOraw,anO
sur¡risingIy,sincohocOuIOharOIy
havo Loon ¡rossoO IOrIimo at
mOvo 7o. PItor 7o lIo lt4 (Or
7o . ho sIilÌ 77 lg7)
77lg7 l·I7¬ 7bl·I7 ho
\hito¡IaysnOI 7¬lgo h4,which
IOsos, Lut 7¬loo' (¡rosumaLIy
whathoOvorIOOkoO) ¯hon
7¬ . h4 bUlOo lg3
bl lo4 l·h3 b¿lI3 is asim¡Io
Oraw anOthoroisnO waytOr Llack
tO im¡rOvo On this Ìt7b lgo
7¬loo Oraws inthosamoway
76 . . . Rb8
lOwtho whito kings situatiOnis
vory LaO anOhis ¡awn sOOn talIs
77 Kf6 Rb6 + 78 Kg7
7bLoo lt4 iscortainIynO Lotor
78 . . . Kf5 0- 1.
PIIor (a) 7¬lh7 lgo bUlg7 ho
bÌ lh7 lL7 (bÌ lh4 b¿Lgo
isnO gOOO) b¿ lgb lh4
b3 Loo lo7 b4 LIo lo3 anO
bo l·h3 Or (L) 7¬Lho lgo
bULg4 lL7¬ bÌ lgb ho oIc
\hiIohasnOchanco
GAME 46 \hitoPvorLach LIack lug
la¦maOo laIOrca, Ì ¬7¿ LuIchLoIonco
1his onOgamo is atinoi¦IustraIiOnOtIho ¡OssiLiLIios O¡ontO IwO acIivo
rOOks Onco thoylavo¡onoIraIoO IO IhosovonIh anOoighthranks P¦IhOugh
L¦ackmanagostO koo¡IhomunOorcOntrO¦,ho OOossOOnIyattho cOsIOI
al¦Owing\hiIoOocisivoscO¡oolsowhoro 1hovariOuscatastrO¡hoswhich
cOuIOhavo Lota¦lon LIack, haO honOIko¡tavory caroIu¦waIch OnIho
rOOks, aro maOocIoarinIhonOIos
PIIor a gOOO OoaIOImanOouvringmIhooarly stagos, \hiIoomLarksOn
a¡iocosacriIicowhichisLasoOOnIhoIOIIOwing ¡OsiIiOnaI cOnsiOoraLOns
( I ) ¯hoIwOuniIoO ¡assoO ¡awnswiIIhavoIO Lo¡ormanontIy waIchoO,
(¿) ÏOrIhis roasOn LIacksrOOks wuIhavoIOromain ¡assivoIOraIOngIimo,
(3) lisLishO¡wiIILoausoIoss¡iocoin viowOIIhoIacIIhaI\hiIowi¦ILo
O¡oraIingoxcIusivoIyOnthoLIacksquaros, (4)¯howhiIokingcan
¡onotaIounOisIurLoOIhrOughIhoLIacksquarosOnIho ¸·siOo, (o)¯ho
LIackkingis inOangor.
l 77
1 d4 e6 2 c4 fS 3 Nf3 Nf6
4 g3 Be7 5 Bg2 0-0 6 0-0 c6
7 Nc3 dS 8 Qc2 aS
9 NeS Nbd7 10 cXdS eXdS
1 1 Nd3 Ne4 12 f3 NXc3
13 bXc3 Bd6 14 Bd2 Nf6
15 Bf4 BXf4 16 gXf4 Qe7
17 Qd2 Nd7 18 Khl Re8
19 NeS NXeS 20 fXeS BeG
21 Rgl K8 22 f4 Qh4
23 Bf3 Re7 24 RgS g6
25 Rag 1 Rg8 26 e3 Reg7
27 Qg2 bS 28 Bdl a4
29 Bc2 Bd7 30 Bd3 BeG
31 Qfl Rf7 32 Rlg3 Qh6
33 Qb 1 QfB 34 Qb4 Rg7
35 R3 Qe7 36 Rg 1 BcB
37 QXe7 RXe7 38 Rg3 Reg7
39 Kg2 BeG 40 Kf3 h6
41 Ke2 Kh7 42 Rf3 Rb7
43 Kd2 Bf7 44 Rb 1 RaB
45 Rg3 BeG 46 Rbg 1 RgB
47 Kc2 Ra7 48 Be2 Bf7
49 h4 hS 50 Rg5 Re8
5 1 Kd2 Re6 (Liagram l )
52 BXhS! gXhS 53 RXfS Bg6
1hoLosIchanco,aIIhOughiI aIIOws
IhowhiIorOOkIhrOughIOIho
oíghIh,sincohowíIInOw aIloasILo
aLIoIO LIOckaOoIho¡awnsIOr
Diagram Ì
Diagram <
sOmo umo. PnyIhing oIso, say
o3 . lao7, wOuIO ¡ormiL o4lIgo
wiIh asuLsoquonIIo, o g
o4 Lob ooIo lho ooIo lI7
(oo loo o7 lg7¬ anOmaIos)
o7oo,winning oasiIy.
54 RfB Kg7 55 RcB Rf7 56 Kc 1
IOrIhomOmonL\hiIosIhroaIs On
tho l·síOo aro cOnLaínoO, sO Iho
kingsLarIs his IOng|OurnoyIO co
PIIorIhaIIho cOmLinoO¡rossuro
OnLOIh wingsis aImOsIcorIainIO
LroakLIacksrosísIanco
Ì 7b
56 . . . Kh6 57 RgS! (Liagram ¿)
\hiIois innOhurry, sOhoIakos
tho timoIO soIaIra¡ wiIhOuI
onOangoring anyIhíng 1ho
IOIIOwingvariaIiOns íIIusIraIomOsI
¡OinIoOlyIho¡oríIstOwhichLIack
isox¡OsoO (a) o7 lIo
oblhb¬ lg7 o¬lh·ho anO
winsimmoOiaIoIy Locauso LIack
cannOIsIO¡thoIhroaIOIIo,
whoIhorhomOvoshísrOOkaway
Oroxchangos, (L) o7 LIo
oblhb¬ Lh7 o¬Io loo7
oUlgomaLo, (c) o7 Llo
oblhb¬ lh7 o¬lIb Lo4 oUIo
anO wins.
57 . . . Kh7!
Diagram 3
LIackis auvoIO Iho Oangor, sO
\hiIomusIrovorIIO Lhomain¡Ian,
a¸·siOoinvasiOn
58 Kb2 RS 59 Rg 1
laIuralIy\hiIoOOosnOIOLIigoLy
oxchangmgLho¡assivoLIackrOOk,
unIosshocmgmnsOmosuLsIanLaI
aOvanIago, such asIhoIrooing OI
his ¡awns. LosiOos,hohas¡Ians
IOr manOouvring LohnO onomy
Imos wiIhLOIhrOOks
59 . . . R7 60 Rg5 Rf5
6 1 Rc7+ Kg8
ÏIoÌ . lho\híIo calmIy¡rOcooOs
wiLh o¿ la3, sincoLIackcannOI
IakoOn go ÏIol lI7
o¿ l·I7 ¬ L·I7 o3Io lod
o4oo Lgd oo la3, anOLIack
romainsIOIaIIy¡assivowhiIoIho
kingsLrOIIs ín, ho cannOtovon
chmongorOOksaLg7Locauso OI
IhomaIo aIho 1O sacriIicoIho
LishO¡ Lack aI any sIago wOuIO
aIsOIoaOIO ahO¡oIossonO¡ng
1hocriLcaIvariaLOnsOccuriI
LIack¡Iayshoro o3 lo7,insIoaO
OI. . . lod,IoavingodIOrIhoLishO¡.
1honIhowhiIokinggoIsaroaI
O¡¡OrIunIyIO makohis¡rosonco
IoII. o4la3 Lod oo lL4 lg7
ool·g7 ¬ l·g7 o7lco LO7
(Oro7 . . lI7 odlOo anO LIackis
aIroaOy in Zugzwang sinco ho musI
aIIOwlo7, IOIIOwoOLy Io anOoo
¬ U od . . lId o¬oo oIc )
odIo¬ lI7 o¬lOo Lcd
(o¬ Lod 7Ua3' Zugzwang)
7Ua3| (Liagram 3) (nOI
immoOiaIoIy 7Ul·co LocausoOI
7U . loo 7 l l·Lo LO7¬,
whoroasnOwakingmOvowOuIO
¡ormiI 7 l oo Orlo7,LlackmusI
IhoroIOro LIOckoowiIhhisLishO¡)
Loo 7 l l·co lod
7¿l·Lo LO7¬ 73lco Loo
74lL4 LO7 7oc4 O·c4
7o l·c4 anOIho¡awnsmusIwin
62 Rg1 KB
o¿ . . lI7 o3l·I7 l·I7 o4lgo
wOulOIOsomOIhor¡awn.
63 Ka3 B£7
lomarkaLIohOwLIackhasLoon
unaLIoIOOOanyIhingwiIhhis
oxta¡ioco.\hiIohas sim¡Iy
arrangoO IO OOovoryIhmg OnLIack
squaros anOis ignOringIhoLishO¡
onLoIy'
64 Kb4 Ke8 65 Kc5 Kd8
66 Ra7! (Liagram 4)
\hiIohasachiovoO a¡OsiIiOn
Diagram ÷
Ì7¬
whichhocan winin anumLorOI
ways, yoIhOwmany ¡Iayors wOuIO
havoroIrmnoO IrOmca¡IurmgIho
c·¡awn`PIIor ool·co l·co¬
o7l·co lo7 obl·Lo Lob¬
o¬lco loo, \hiIo shOuIOsIiJwin
LyaIimoIy o4, IOlIOwoO Ly Oo¬
anO sOOn, LuIPvorLach soosIhaI
hocan OOovon LotIor LyLomg
¡aLonIIOraIiILIoIOngoranO
Ioaving LlackIOIinOroasOnaLIo
mOvos, whichis LocOmingharOor
anOharOor
66 . . . Bg6
PnaItom¡ItOsIO¡IhoinvasiOnOI
thosocOnOrank,whichis OOOmoO
IOtaíIuro Locausohois sOshOrtOI
manOouvring rOOm. lohasnOIhing
LotIor IhOugh, iI oo . lgo`
o7l·I7.
67 a3 (nOhurry' ) Kc8
ÏIo7 1I7` obl·go, an ochOOI
IhoIasIva: .IiOn
68 Rg7 Bee 69 R7 re
ÌIo¬ lgo 7U l·go L·go
7 Ì lg7 Lob 7¿ lOo anOIho
LIOckaOo OIIho¡awnswiIILo
swo¡Iaway,o g 7¿ . . lOb
73loo,Or7¿. lI7
73 l·I7 L·I7 74Io anOIho
avaIanchoisunsIO¡¡aLIoÏI
o¬ Lgo 7Ulho Lt7
7 l l·oo L·oo 7¿lOo LI7
73 lg7,wiIhooIOIOIIOw
¯ho mOvo chOsonroIoasosIho
I·¡awn, whichis corIainIOhavo
oquaI¦y soriOus cOnsoquoncos
LotOroIOng
70 Rgg7 Kb8 71 Rb7+ Ka8
72 Ra7 + Kb8 73 Rb7 + Kc8
(Liagram o)
\hiIohassoIu¡Iho OrthOOOx
Diagram b
startng¡OsitiOnIOr manOouvring
wiIh OOuL¦oOrOOks OnIho sovonIh,
anO wOuIOnOrma¦¦ywishIO ¡rOIocI
his rOOkaIL7, croaIingan
irrosisIiLIoIhroatOIlabmato
lOwovor,74lLo wi¦InOtquiIoOO,
LocausoOt74 . co¬
7o l·co lco¬ anOIhokingis
OrivonLack \ishingIOIinish OII
Iho gamo as¡rocisoIyas ¡OssiLIo,
hoIOOksIOranOIinOsan aIIornaLvo
maLngnoI
74 Rb6!
¯hroaIoning 7olab¬ lc7
7olaLb wiIhunavOiOaLIo mato,
sO LIackmusI mOvoIhorOOkOn oo
tOmakorOOm
74 . . . Rg6 75 £5!
Ì bU
¯ho ¡awn hashaO Iho¦asI wOrO
aIIoralIlocOvorsooanOIho samo
maIois IhroaIonoO, whilo ca¡Iuring
him a¦IOws aOiIIoronIIinish
75 . . . RX£5 76 Ra8+ Kc7
Lr7o lO7 77lL7¬ loo
7bl·obmaIo
77 Rab8 1-0. laIois IOrcoO
d.Rooks against minor pieces
1ho tirsIgamocOvorsIhotochnquo OI winning withthooxchangoagainsI
a ¡awn, whichisnOIalwaysoasy, Or ovon ¡OssiL¦o, iIthoOoIonOor has
a gOOOacuvoLishO¡(lO 47)
LxchangosacriIicosarothoIhomo OIthonoxIgrOu¡, wiIh \hiIo OLIain·
ingtwO ¡assoO ¡awnsanO aOangorOus¸·siOoiniIiaIivoin lO 4b Llack
wa¦ksaLghIrO¡oIOr many mOvos,LutgOOOOoIoncooarnshima Oraw
Ìn lOs. 4¬anO oUmOro sO¡hisIicaIoO¡OsiIiOnal|uOgmonIis roquiroO
loroIho sacriIicoisLoí:g maOoIOr¦Ong·Iorm cOnsiOoratiOns anOinlO oU
os¡ociaLyitisromarkaLlohOw\hiIosiniIiaLvo ¡orsisIs lO ol isa OOur
struggloLotwoonIwO OIIho sIrOngostmOOom´ranOmastors anOIho
analysis goIsvory cOm¡lox 1immansIanOsLoIIoraIIirsI, Luthisoxchango
sacrltlcoisnOIquiIosOunO anO rosOurcotul¡¦ay is nooOoOIOsocuro
thoOraw
´amos o¿anO o3shOwtwOmnOr¡iocosIighIingagainsIarOOk,
succossIuLyin lO o¿, LuIgoItinginIOsuch anawIu¦IangIoinIhoOIhor
gamoIhaI LlackwOulOhavoLoonLoIIoraOvisoOnOI IO winIhomaIoriaIin
IhoIirsI¡lacoI lO o4 rOunOsOIIIho cha¡IorwiIh anOIhoroxam¡loOI
a¡ocul¡arOistriLuLOn OImatorial - IwO oxchangosagainstthre-[awns
IhisLmo' 1ho aOvanIagoiswiIhIho rOOks, LutOvorIho LOarOsucnon
unIamil¡ar ¡OsiIiOnmusIhavo Loon torríLlyharOIO hanOlo
GAME 47 \hiIo ´hoOrghiu Llack oIOica
LucharosI, Ì ¬73 Lngl¡shL¡onmg
1 c4 Nf6 2 Nc3 d5
3 cXd5 NXd5 4 g3 NXc3
5 bXc3 g6 6 Bg2 Bg7
7 Rb1 Nd7 8 Nf3 0-0 9 0-0 c5
10 d4 Qa5 1 1 Qb3 Nf6
12 Qa3 QXa3 13 BXa3 Ne4
14 Rfc1 b6 15 Ng5 NXg5
16 BXa8 Bf5 17 e4 RXa8
18 eXf5 Nf3+ 19 Kg2 Nd2
20 Rb2 Nc4 21 Rb3 NXa3
22 RXa3 (Liagram Ì )
1hoImishOtIhis gamoillusIratos
IhoOiIIicultioswhichIacoIho ¡layor
whOis IryingIO ox¡lOiItho slighI
maIorial aOvanIagoOtthooxchango
IOr a¡awn ÏIIhominOr¡iocois
Diagram Ì
l bÌ
awoL·¡IacoO LishO¡ anOIho
woakor siOohas asocuro¡awn
sIrucLuro, tho ¡rOLIomsmay
sOmoLmosLoinsurmOunIaLIo.
22 . . . cXd4 23 cXd4 BXd4
24 Rd3
Loal¡ngwiIhIhoIhroaIOI
¿4 . LL¿ wiIhgainOIIimo, in
OrOorIO savohisI·¡awn LIhor
mOvosaro¡OssiLlo,o g. ¿4 lao
(aIsO ¿4 lc7) g·Io ¿o lc7 Lco
¿olc·a7 ' (iI ¿ola·a7 lOb,
IhroaIoning ¿7 lO¿,nOrmm yIho
woakorsiOosIanOsaLoIIorchanco
Lykoo¡mghisrOOk,LuInOwIho
oxchango is IOrcoO) l·a7
¿7 l·a7 anO\hiIohasIairIy
gOOO winning chancos lOwovor,
ho¡roIorsIhoIoxImOvoLocauso
thoIOLOwingca¡IuroOngowilI
oiIhorsu¡¡lyhimwiIh a¡OIonLal
¡assoO ¡awnOrisOIaIoIhoLIack
o·¡awn.
24 . . . BcS 25 fXg6 hXg6
¯akmgIhoOIhorwayanO
cOncoOing anisOlaIoO¡awnmighI
soom¡IausiLIo, LuIin IhoIOngrun
ÏIhinkIhowoaknossOIthowhiIo
squarosooanOo4,whichIho whiLo
king cOuIOOccu¡y,wOuIOLo
Diagram <
Ì b¿
asoriOusmaIIor,mOrosoriOusIhan
Iho isOIaLOnOIIho ¡awn itsol¡
26 Rd7 aS
lOrcoO, sOOnorOrIaIor\hiIos
noxImOvo,cri¡¡IingIho ma|OriLy,is
anOIhorroasOnwhyho¡roIorroO
IhoIinocOmmoncingwiIh ¿4lO3.
27 a4!
lOw IOIlOws Iho conIraLsaLOn OI
Ihokmgs anOIho aOvancoOIIho
whito¡awns.
27 . . . Kg7 28 f4 Kf6 29 Rd3
¯horOOkisOInOIurIhorusoOnIho
sovonIhanOroIiros IO assisLLho
aOvmcoOIIho¡awns
29 . . . Rb8 30 Kf3 ReS 3 1 h4
(Liagram ¿)
´OncorningIhisIy¡oOI¡OsiIiOn
gonora¡Iy (whoroIho minOr¡iocois
aLishO¡),Iho OoIonOors¡awns
wiLIonOIO LoIOrcoOOnIOIho
samocOIOursquarosasIho LishO¡
IOrIhoir Own ¡rOIocLOn,anOIho
winning¡rOcosswi¡ILhoroIOro
invOIvo¡onotraIiOnOIhis ¡OsiLOn
On squarosOIIhoO¡¡OsiIocOIOur
¯horosuIIshOuIOIhonLoIOssOI
maIoriaLyZugzwangOra cOunIor·
sacriIicoOIrOOkIOrLishO¡anO
¡awn,¦oavingawOnkmganO
¡awnonOmg, Orovonmating
IhroaIs \horoIhoIwOrOOksaro
IighLng arOOkanOLishO¡,Ihoy
shOuIOLousoOas aggrossivoIy as
¡OssiLIo, as OomOnsLraIoOhoro Ly
´hoOrghiu¯ho OoIonOor canOIIon
usohisrOOkIO¡rovonIIho onomy
kingmakinginrOaOsLuLIhonho
aIsO hasIOIacoLhoIoarsOmo
IhroaIs whichIwO rOOkscan
gonoraIo,incIuOingmaIingIhroaIs
anO, horo, Iho su¡¡OrI OIIho
¡assoO¡awn
3 1 . . . Rb8
3 Ì oo 3¿I ·oo¬ l·oo
33 loÌ ¬ lIo 34g4 wOuIOOnIy
incroasoIho scO¡o OIIho rOOks
32 Rd5
¯horOOkhasa|OLIO OO OnIho
IiIIhrmk, su¡¡OrtingIho¡awn
aOvanco, assOOnLocOmoscloar
lIsun¦iko¦y,ms¡iIoOtLlacksnoxI
mOvo,Ihat\hiIo wascOnIom¡latng
Iho cOunIor·sacriIico
33 lO·co`' L·co
34 l·co lL3¬ 3o lg4 la3
3ol·ao Locausohiswinnmg
chancos wOulO Lovoryslim wiIh
Iho Llack rOOk intho acLvo¡OsiLOn
LohmOtho ¡awn lOwovor,homay
havohaOiIin minOtO ¡rOvOko
3¿ oo, whon 33 lO7 ¦oavosIho
l·¡awna cOnvonionIIargoI
32 . . . Rea 33 g4 RB
34 R1 Bb4 35 hS
¯hroaIoning 3o ho anO 37 go¬
whichcannOILo¡ormiIIoO lOr
canLlackIako, aIIor 3o g·ho
3o lO·ho' ho musIoxchangoLy
3o. l·ho (iI 3o lcd
37lho¬ lg7 3blh7¬ maIosOr
winsIhorOOk, whuoiI3o lgb
37lho¬ lgo 3b lo wins Iho
L·¡awn)anO\hiIowinsIairIy
cOmIOrIaLly aIIor 37g·ho.
35 . . . Kg7
¯hisis LosI,ho¡ro¡arosIO
LlOckaOoIho ¡awn wiIhhisking
anOmakoaIurIhoraOvanco
OiIIiculI
36 Ke4 Bd6
PIIorthis,cOmLinaIiOnsLasoOOn
lo¬LocOmo¡OssuloIOr\hiIo,
OosIrOyingIhoguarOOIIhoLishO¡
lIinsIoaO 3o Lco, \hiIo wOulO
¡rOLaLlycOnLnuoasin Iho gamo
wiIh 37 lo, IOrcing LlackLyIho
IhroaIOt 3bI ·go I ·go
3¬ loo-oo IO cOncoOo a¡assoO
¡awn. 37lgo wOulOnOIOO,
hOwevor, aIIor 37 oo \hiIo
wOuIOhavonO usoIulcOnLnuatOn
Ì b3
as 3b lo` wOulO aIlOw 3b . Lo7
37 fS
¯hisLmo 37lgowOulOLoa
suiIaLIoalIornaLvo, Locauso aIIor
37 . . oo 3blLo Lco 3¬ loo
Llackis suOOonlyvoryshOrIOI
mOvos. lI,o g. , 3¬ . Lo3 \hiIo
has 4Ulh3 Lco 4! ho¬ l·ho
4¿l·ho l·ho 43 llo, anOiI
43 . . Lo3 44lL3| LO4¬
4o l·l7 anO\hiIowmsoasiÌy.
oL, IhomOvochOsonis¡orIocIly
sOunO anOOncoagainLlackmusI
Iako.
37 . . . gXhS 38 RXhS
´ivinghis O¡¡OnonIIho
unwolcOmochOicoLoIwoonan
oxchangoOIrOOkswhichwOulO
Oo¡rivohimonLrolyOIcOunIor¡lay
(3b . l·ho 3¬g·ho lÌo
4U lo LL4 4Ì I ·o7 L·o7 anO
\hiIocanovonwinLy
4¿ lO7 Lco 43l·l7 l·ho
44lg7,aItorwhichho¡layshis
kmgIO Lo, rOOktO L7 anOl·Lo)
anO IhomOvo¡layoO,whichi
criLcalanO givos him chancos in
¡racLco LuIwhichloavoshisking
in Oangor
38 . . . RcB 39 gS Rc4+
40 Rd4 ReS 41 RdS (Liagram3)
¯horo¡oLLOni sOuoIOIhoIimo·
cOntOlaImOvo 4U. \hiIonOw
inIonOsIOsacriIicohis a·¡awnin
Iho inIorosIs OIhis¡layOnIho
l·siOo.¯his i¦lusIratos Lo¡OinI
maOo oarIior aLOuI¡laying
aggrossivolywiIhthoIwOrOOks.
¯hoIom¡Lng 4Ì lo¬ Iurns OuIIO
Lo¡romaIuroaIIor 4Ì . lgo
41 . . . Rc4+ 42 Kd3!
oOIhaIiI4¿ l·a4 43lo¬ lgb
(43 lgo` 44lhomaIo)
44 lc¿' whon\hiIosLasicIhroaI
is lOÌ -hÌ anO lhb maIo, anO
Llacks gamois oxtaOrOinarily
OiIIiculIIO OisonIanglo, sincoho
OaronOtmOvohisking,LishO¡Or
o·¡awn' ¯hoOnly¡OssiLlol:no
soomsIO LoIO OoIonO thoLishO¡
wiIh thorOOkanOIhon¡lay
o·Io,LuI\hitosIiÍlhasonOugh,
o. g (a)44 . lc4¬ 4olOl
(4o lL3 lL4¬ 4o lc3 isinIoriOr
LocausoOI4o a4 47 lOl lI4
4b lho Loo¬) lco (iI4o lt4
4o lO3 a4 47 lho' a3 4blOh3
anOwins) 4olO4 o·Io
47 g·Io Lc7 4blg4¬ anO
maIos, (L) 44 . lc4¬
4o lOl lo4 4olO3 loo
(4o lI4 47 lho, as LoIOro, Or
4o . lg4 47 lOh3 o·Io
4bg·to lIb 4¬lO3 Lc7
oUlO7 lc4 oÌ lhbmato)
47 lho o·to 4bg·Io Lc7
(4b Lco 4¬lOb¬ LIb
oU l·tb¬) 4¬lOh3 anOwins ln
viow OI Ihis LÍack OoclinosIho giII
42 . . . Rc l
lnIonOingIO answor 43Io¬` Ly
43 o·Io' 44g·Io¬ lgo,whon
\hitohasnO maIoanOhis t·¡awn
isOvor+xIonOoO. PIIorIhoIurIhor
4o lOIo lgl' loavosthorOOks
cOmicaLy¡aralysoO
Diagram 3
Ì b4
43 Ke2 ,
lOw 44 Io ¬ isthroatonoO again,
sOIhoLishO¡ musImOvo
43 . . . Bf4 44 Rd4 Be5 45 Rd7!
\hiIosulLmaIoaimi sstJlIOaIIack
OOwnIhoh·tilo, LuI 4olOh4 lgb
4ogo` I ·go 47I ·go lgl
4blho Lg7 wOulOLo LaO, sOho
¡rOLos IirsIIOr anOIhorwoaknoss
lisÍasI mOvosooms OvorwhoL·
ingly sIrOng, sincoiI4o . lIb`
4olOb¬ lg7 47lOhb is
immoOiaIoly Oocisivo, whilo
4o LOo 4oIo¬ lgo 47lhb
OLligos LÍack tO ¡arIwiIhhis
LishO¡. ¯hooxchangoOIrOOksLy
4o lc1 wOulOLoas LaOas
LoIOroLuIho managostO IinO
arosOurco
45 . . . Bf4!
oOIhat 4ol·o7 mayLo
answoroOLy 4o L·go'
47l·go ¬ lIo winningLack
arOOk
46 Kf3 Rl + 47 Kg2
ÌI 47 lg4 LÍackwaitswith
47 Lo3 anOiIIhon
4b l·o7 lgl¬ wins Iho g·¡awn
lOwLlackmustLocaroIul,uhois
tom¡IoOintO 47 lol
4bl·o1 ' l·o7 4¬Io¬ maIos Or
IOrcosaquoon
47 . . . Ra 1 48 Rd4
¯hoinIonLOnis tO koo¡ O¡on tho
O¡IiOnsOIlOh4anOlg4,
accOrOingIO circumsIancos.
48 . . . Be3 49 Rg4
LutnOt 4¬lOh4 lgl¬ lOw iI
LlackwaiIs,Iho cOntinuaIiOn will Lo
lI3,IOLOwoO Ly go anOIho¡assoO
¡awnwinsvoryquickÍywiIhIhoIuJ
woighIOIthorOOksLohinOit
49 . . . Bc5 50 Rgh4
\iIh Iho¡rossuroOIIthog·¡awn
Ihisis nOwIhorighImothOO lOI,
hOwovor, oUgo lgl¬
Diagram ÷
o l lI3 I ·go' with a Oraw lOw
LIackcOuIOOrivo thoking acrOss
tOc¿with chocksLutthorowOuIO
LoIittIo¡Ointas thoIattor cOuIO
oasiIyroturnIatortO tho conto
P¡artIrOmthisthoroisOnlyOno
waytOstO¡thomatothroat
50 . . . e6 5 1 R7+ K£8
(Liagram4)
LncothorOOkshavoLrOkon
thrOughthoroaroanumLorOI
waystO win o¿I ·oo is ¡rOLaLly
tho sim¡IostPItoro¿ I·oo (Or
o¿ lgI ¬ o3lI3 l·go
o4 l·I7¬ whichis wOrso, u
anything) o3lg4 LIackis quito
IOst, whothorOrnOthooxchangos
rOOks,o g o3 lgb o4go oo
oolI3,throatoníng oog7 amOng
Othorthings \hitosactua¦mothOO
ismOro cOm¡licatoOanOhorunsit
rathorIino
52 g6?! fXg6
lomusttako, o¿ lgI¬
Ì bo
o3 lh¿ I ·go o4 la7 tans¡Osos
intOthogamo
53 Ra7 Kg8 54 £6!
o4 I ·go lgI ¬ anO
o4I ·oo loÌ LOLhlOsotho¡awn
IOrnOthing,LutnOw matointwO
Ly oo lg7¬ isthroatonoO LIack
nOwmakos aIooLIomOvowhich
IOsos atOnco Lut\hitos iOoa
wOuIOLoLrOught OutmOro cIoarIy
aItorthostrOngoro4 . la¿¬
oo lI3 lt¿ ¬ oo lg4 l·Io
o7 lgo lI I obl·go lg̬
(matowas againthroatonoO anOiI
ob LIb o¬lah7 lg̬ oUlIo
wins tho o·¡awn,stiIlkoo¡mg
thohOstiIokingmthogri¡Othis
rOOks) o¬ lIo lI I ¬ (o¬ loÌ `
oUlab¬ LIb oÌ l·tb¬ anO
mato) oUl·oo Ïnthis ¡OsitiOn
\hito maycOntinuoLyagain
OOuLIinghis rOOksOnthosovonth
anOOLviOusIyhas winning chancos
Lutthowinis IarIrOm cortain,
os¡ociaIIy as hohasnOwLoon
roOucoO tO hisIast ¡awn Pn
aItornauvo IOr\hito inthislinois
o7 lhh7 anOthis may Lo Lottor as
it¡rovontstho ¡OssiLiIity OItho
OoIonsivo mOvo o7 lI7 which
canLo¡IayoOin tho main variatiOn
lovorthoIoss,itis cIoarthat aItorhis
accurato ¡Iayintho thooar¦ystagos
\hitomissoOhischancoatmOvo
o¿ anOthoromainOorisunIOrtun·
atoIy sOmothíng OIan anti·climax
54 . . . Rgl +? 55 Kh2 1-0.
1horoisnOwnO answortOtho
matothroat.
GAME 48 \híIo LIoy LIack Lrimor
LngIanOvs lOmania, Lath, Ì ¬73 oicíIianLoIonco
PninIorosLing onOmgIrOm aLurO¡oan¯oam´ham¡iOnshi¡,J usIraIing
whaIisOIIonOnoOIIhoharOosI as¡ocIs OIIhoonOgamo IO|uOgo,namoIy
Iho sacriIicoOIIho oxchango IOr OnoOrtwO ¡awns
1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 d4 cXd4
4 NXd4 Nf6 5 Nc3 d6
6 Bg5 Bd7 7 Qd2 ReS
8 0-0-0 NXd4 9 QXd4 Qa5
10 Bd2 a6 1 1 f3 Qc7
12 Kb1 g6 13 Rc1 Bg7
14 Nd5 Qc5 15 Be3 QXd4
16 BXd4 Nh5 17 Be3 BeG
18 c4 Nf6 19 Be2 Nd7
20 Rd1 Nc5 21 Bg5 f6
22 Be3 Kf7 23 b4 Na4
24 Rd3 f5 25 Ra3 BXd5
26 eXd5 (Liagram l )
ÏnIhis¡OsiIiOn, aIIorIho IOrcoO
mOvo26 . . . b5 (¿o lL¿
¿7 lc¿ oIc )\hitosacriIicoO Iho
oxchango Ly 27 cXb5, in OrOorIO
OLIain twO cOnnoctoO¡assoO
¡awns
27 . . . RXc1 +
Ï I ¿7 lc3 ¬ ¿blc·c3 l·c3
(¿b L·c3` ¿¬ l·c3 l·c3
3ULO4 lccb 3Ì L·hb l·hb
3¿ L·ao anO wins oasiIy)
¿¬l·c3 L·c3 3Ua3 anO\hiIo
israIhorLoIIor ¡IacoOIhanintho
gamo, sinco his quoons LishO¡ is
altoaOyin acLOn.
28 BXc1 Nc3+ 29 RXc3 BXc3
30 a3
loaíms IOkoo¡his¡awnsuníIoO,
OIcOurso. 3UL·ao` L·L4,
IOlIOwoOLy Lco, wOuIOLoquíto
LaO IOr \hiIo, whiIo
3U LL¿ L·L¿ 3Ì l·L¿ a·Lo
3¿ L·Lo lLb 33 a4 oo
34 O·oo¬ l·oo is raIhor
uncIoarwithIhoLIackking cOmíng
Ì bo
intOacIiOn
30 . . . as
PgainIOrcoO,3U. . a·Lo
3 Ì L·Lo,IOlIOwoOLyLco,
LringingIhoLishO¡intO aIino
¡OsiIiOn, wOu¦O LomuchwOrso
3 1 Ka2
ÏOrIhonoxtIowmOvos Iho¡Ians
OIIhoIwO¡layorswiIILo LrOaOy
asIOLOws.LIackwilIIry aIaIIcOsIs
IOim¡OsoaLIOckaOoOnIho
¡assoO¡awns (aItho mOmonthoís
trying IO IOrco \hiIoinIO
3 Ì L·ao L·ao, whonho can
IOIIOw wiIh . lLb)PlIor
LIOckaOinghowilI¡Iay oo anO
croaIo cOunIor·¡IaywiIhhis Own
¡assoO ¡awn, OriI\hiIo ca¡turos
howiI¦havoa ¡assoO O·¡awn anO
hís kugwiIILoin acuOn. \hiIo wilI
IryIO avOiOIho LIOckaOo anO
su¡¡OrI Iho¡awnsIrOmLehinO
Diagram Ì


1�
wiIhhis kmg lIhocan goIIho
whOIoOIhis ¸·siOomOving,
su¡¡OrIoO Ly tho LishO¡s, ho
shOuIOwm
1homOvo¡IayoOtakos
aOvanIagoOIIhoIacIIhaIhocan
Iom¡OrariIysacruicoa¡awnIO goI
his kinginIO ¡OsiIiOn
31 . . . aXb4
3 Ì . a4 wOuIOLoOangorOus aIIor
3¿ Lo3 oo 33 O·oo¬ l·oo
34 Lo Oo 3o Lco Loo 3o LLo
oIc
32 a4
lrOLaLly\hitomissoOachanco
horo. 3¿ lL3, iIiIcanLocOmLinoO
wiIh a4,iscIoarIyOosiraLIo,sinco
Iho kingwOuIOLosu¡¡OrLnghis
¡awnsin IhorighIwayanOIho
LIackLishO¡ wOuIO Lo awkwarOIy
¡OsIoO, iI wOuIOnOI, IOroxam¡Io,
havoIho rosOurco OIOrO¡¡ing
Lack IO ao, asinIho gamo ÏI, say,
3¿ oo 33 a4 lab (OIhorwiso
34 ao) 34 Lo3 anO LIackisin
IrOuLIo - 34 LO4
3o L·O4 o·O4 3ol·L4 lo7
37 ao oIc
lIsooms aIIirsIsighIIhaI
3¿ lL3 canLomoILy
3¿ . . L·a3 anOiI 33l·c3 lab,
winningIho¡iocoLack lOwovor,
a cIOsorIOOkrovoaIsIhaI\hiIosIiII
goIs awinning ¡OsiIiOn Ly
34 Lo a¿ 3o LL¿ aÌ /¸
3o L·al l·aÌ 37 Lc4' (nOI
37 L7` lLÌ 3bLao lLo anO
\hiIoishol¡Ioss) lab (IOrcoO,iI
37 lLÌ 3b LL3 lc l¬ 3¬ Lc¿)
3b lL4 (nOI 3b L7` lLb
3¬ Lao lob winninglOrLIack)
lob 3¬lLo lO7 (3¬ laÌ
4U lco anO LLo) 4UL7 lLb (Or
4U laÌ 4Ì lLo lL̬
4¿ LLo¬ l·Lo¬ 43 l·Lo lc7
44lao lLb 4olLo winning
Diagram <
oasi¦y) 4l lLo lOb 4¿ LLo with
Zugzwang
32 . . . eS
PI|orIhis \hito cOuIO sIiÌIhavo
Irans¡OsoOinIOIhoIinoaLOvo,anO
LIackwOuIOhavo LoonLotor
aOvisoOIO ¡Iay 3¿ L3¬ aIOnco
33 Be3 b3+!
\iIhOuI OOuLIIhoLosIOrawing
chanco L¦ackhastO wa¦k a Lght·
rO¡o IOrthoromainOor OIIho
gamo, LuIIrOmIhis¡OinIOnIhoro
a¡¡oars IOLonO cIoarwinningIino
IOr\hiIo.lis ¡awnsIOOk
IOrmiOaLIoanOho¡Iays accuraIoIy,
LuIuILmaIoIyLIacks Own ¡assoO
¡awnsavosIhoOayIOrhim
34 KXb3 BaS 35 Ba7 RcB
(Liagram¿) 36 b6
Ì b7
ll 3o Lc4 lc7 37Lo (Or
37 LLb lO7, Or 37 Lo3 lL7)
lL7 3bLao l·Lo ¬ wiIh a Oraw
36 . . . Rc3+ 37 Kb2 Re3
38 BbS Bc3+ 39 Kb3 Bd4+
40 Kb4 Bc3+ 41 Kc4 Bd4
42 Bc6
lIisnOIsOsim¡IoIOaOvancoIho
¡awns,il 4¿ao la3 43ao lo7
anO\hiIohasnO usoIuImOvosIolt '
42 . . . Ra3 43 BbB
´lvlngu¡ OnoOtIho cOnnocIoO
¡awns is aharOOocisiOntO mako,
Luttho Othor¡Ian,¡onotraLngwith
thoking,isnOI ¡rOmising, o g
43lLo o4 44 lao o3
4oL7 L·a7 4ol·a7 o¿
47Lb/¸ oÌ /¸ 4b¸·Oo ¸ao¬
4¬ lL7 lo3 anO LIackstanOs
LoItor
43 . . . BXb6 44 BXd6 Re3
45 Bb8
\hlIos¡lancortainIyIOOksgOOO
anOLlackisOnlyaLloIOsIayalivo
Lymoans Ot sOmo ingoniOus
tacIics LIhorIinos aro muchIoss
attractlvo, o g 4olLo lL3¬
4olao o4 47I ·o4 t ·o4
4bLLo LOb 4¬ lL7 o3
oUlcb Lao anO LIackis ¡rOLaLly
wlnning lOIicothatLlack cannOI
¡lay 4b o3horo, attor
4¬ l·Lo o¿ oU Lg3 l·g3
o l L·o¿ l·g¿ o¿LLo lc¿
\hito wins LyusinghisLishO¡as
a shoIIor - o3Lco lo7 o4 lc7
oIc
PnOIhoruaOoquatolinowOuIO
Lo 4o Lco L·co 4ol·co
(throatoning lOo-c7 agaln) o4
47t ·o4 I ·o4 4blOo lO3
4¬lc7 o3 anOLIackwins
45 . . . e4 46 d6 (Liagram3) Rd3!
Ì t is an ossonIial¡artOt Llacks ¡Ian
tO ¡laythls aI Onco lt4o loo
47Lc7 o·t3 4b g·t3 anOwms
LIackalms tOO¡onIhoOiagOnaItOr
his LlshO¡IOsIO¡Iho ¡awntrOm
h4viaI¿
47 fXe4 fXe4 48 Bc7
Ït 4bL·o4` lO4¬, lt
4bLOo¬ lob anOLIackmaywin,
ltIhoklngisaIIOwoO tO LIOckaOo
48 . . . Bf2 49 d7
lOr can\hlIo aIIOrOtO Oolay
Pttor 4¬g3, IrylngIO íntortorowith
Iho LishO¡s ¡lans, 4¬ . 1oo
oU O7 lo7 oÌ Ob/¸¬ l·Ob
o¿ L·Ob¬ l·Ob o3L·o4 Lgl
o4 h3 Lt¿ oo g4 go Iho gamois
aOraw(LIackkingsiIs On a7anO
LishO¡On h4 anO \hlIo canOO
nOIhlngwlthhisoxIra¡awns)
49 . . . Rd4+
1hisis OosignoOIO cuIOuItho
¡OsslLll:IyOI LOo¬ IOr\hito lI
nOw oUlc3 lO3¬ anO
o Ì . Lh4
50 Kb5 Bh4
oU o3lsunsOunO\hitohas
o Ì Ob/¸ l·Ob o¿L·Ob o¿
o3 Lao o¡ /¸ o4 L·ol L·ol
ooab anOnOw (a) oo Lt¿
oolao loo o7lL7 anO wlns,
(L) oo loo oolLo lOo
o7ao LI¿ ¬ oblL7 LgÌ o¬h3
(o¬a7` L·a7) loo oUa7 L·a7
o Ì l·a7 lI4 o¿lLo anOwins,
(c) oo loo oolLo loo
Ì bb
o7 ao Lt¿¬ oblL7 ho
o¬ a7 L·a7 oUl·a7 go
o l lLo g4 (Or oÌ lO4
o¿Lob, Orol lt4 o¿ lco lo3
o3 lOo g4 o4loo lI¿
oo lI4 lgÌ oolg3 anOwins -
iIhoro o4 . h4 oo g3) o¿ lco
anOwlns
Diagram 3
Diagram ÷
51 Kc5 Rdl (nOto l Lt¿`
o¿LOo¬) 52 Bd5+ Kg7
53 dB/Q B X dB 54 B X dB e3
55 Bh4 e2 56 aS
(Liagram4) Ra 1 !
PnOthorOangorOus mOmontIOr
LIack ÏIho¡IayscarolosslyLy
oo . o I /¸ o7 L·oÌ l·o I ,
\hito winsaItor obao laÌ
o¬lLo lL̬ oUlc7 lc l¬
oÌ Lco lal o¿lLo lIo o3a7
\ith thotoxtmOvohoLrings
\hitos kingintO aloss tavOuraLlo
¡OsitiOn
57 Kb4
o7 lLo is nO Lottor,Locauso aItor
o7 . lLI ¬ tho king must ¡lay tO
aotO avOiO Llacks lLo (OriI
ob lc7 laÌ again) \iththo kmg
cutOItinthiswayLIackwOulO
havotimotOLring his Ownking
intOtho gamo
57 . . . g5 58 Bg3 h5!
Pnoxcollont mOvoLywhìch Llack
Lringshis ¡awnsintOthoroquiroO
¡OsitiOn lisiOoaLocOmos cloarin
a mOmont
59 B£3 el/Q+ 60 BXe l RXel
61 a6 Ral 62 Kb5 g4
´hocksarousoIosssmcotho
LishO¡ canagain sholtor itsking
lOwovor,having altoaOyaOvancoO
his ¡awns, L¦ack cannOwOrawLy
sacriticinghis rOOk, sincohois
ahoaOLy sovoraltom¡iOIsimJar
linos whichwosawinthonOtotO
his oUth mOvo
63 BeG K£6 64 Kb6 Ke5
65 a7 Kd4 66 BeB
1hoOthorwaywOuIOLo
ooab/¸ l·ab o7L·ab lo3
oblco lI¿ o¬lO4 lgl
7U lo3 l·h¿ 7 l lI¿ h4 with
a Oraw
66 . . . Ke3 67 BXh5 Rbl +
68 Kc7 Rcl + 69 Kb7 Rbl +
xºx·
LlackOrawsLy ¡or¡otua¦chock,
OriI 7Ulab lt¿
7 l L·g4 l·g¿ 7¿h4 lg3 otc
GAME 49 \hito latuIOvic Llack Lam|anOvic
1ugOslavia, Ì ¬7¿ oicilian LoIonco
Lxchango sacriIicosLyLlack Onc3havo LocOmo almOstrOuunoinmany
oicLianvariauOns nOwaOaysÏnsOmo casos, ¡articuIar¦yintho LragOn,
\hitocastIos¦OnganOthosacriticoO¡onsu¡ hiskings¡OsiuOn
oOmoumositis|ustaquostiOnOIincroasoOmiOOIo·gamoscO¡oIOrtho
Llack minOr ¡iocos, anOtho chanco tO attack hisO¡¡OnontswoakonoO
¡awnstructuro lOwovor,whonLlackstartssacriIicmgintho onOgamo,
asha¡¡onsin tho ¡rosontoxam¡¦o,withOutovon¡ickingu¡anoxtra¡awn
l b¬
in tho¡rOcoss, Ono Logms IOwOnOorwhoIhor sOmoIunOamonIalchango
hasnOIIakon¡lacoin IhorolaLvovauosOItho¡iocos|
1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Ne6 3 d4 eXd4
4 NXd4 Qe7 5 Ne3 e6
6 Be2 a6 7 f4 b5
8 NXe6 QXe6 9 Bf3 Bb7
10 Be3 Qe7 1 1 a3 ReS
12 0-0 Ne7 13 Qe1 Ng6
14 g3 Be5 1 5 Rd1 d6
16 BXe5 QXe5+ 17 Qf2 Ke7
18 e5 QX£2+ 19 RX£2 d5
20 Rfd2 (Liagram l ) RXe3!
lOwcanIhisLo¡usuIioO`Llack
Lroaksu¡ tho onomy¡awn
IOrmaIiOn,iIsIruo,LuthisOIhor
¡iocos, ¡arLcularlytho LishO¡,
OOntsoomvory acIivo,nOraL¦o IO
Lring thomsolvos ra¡íOly inIO ¡lay
OnIho¸·siOo ÏOralIIhaI,Iho
sacriIicoisa¡rOIOunOiOoa
Lam¡anOvichassoonIhaIiIís
\hiIo srOOkswhicharoroally
¡assivo,havingliIIlochancoIO
Lroak IhrOugh inIO his linos, anO
Loing cOnOomnoO IO OoIonO
quioIly whuo LlackslOwlyLrings
u¡hisrosorvos \hoIhorIho
sacriIicoisanalyLcaÌly cOrrocI Or
nOIis almOsIim¡OssiLloIOsay,nOr
Diagram Ì


�a�
is iI nocossary ÏI is in harmOnywiIh
Iho¡OsiIiOnanO givos gOOO
chancosin¡racLco,IhaIisonOugh
21 bXe3 Rea 22 Rd3
P LoI|ortywOulOhavoLoon
¿¿ a4 l·c3 (nOI¿¿ . L·a4
¿3 lLÌ ' anO Llackhas¡rOLloms
immoOiaIoly,i o ¿3 lc7 ¿4c4
Or¿3 Lab ¿4lLo Or¿3 . Lco
¿4c4' O·c4 ¿o L·co l·co
Ì ¬U
¿o lL7 ¬. lOris ¿¿ . Lco
¿3 a·Lo L·Lo ¿4Lo¿
saLsIacIOryIOrLlack)
¿3 lO3' l·c¿ (Or¿3. l·O3
¿4 c·O3 L·a4 ¿o laÌ anO
¿o LOÌ ) ¿4 a·Lo a·Lo
¿o lLÌ Lco ¿ola3 lIb wiIh
aLOuIoqual chancos \hiIoshOulO
corIainlyhave aIIom¡IoO Ihis. lo
wOulOhavoIOsurronOorIwO
¡awnsimmoOiaIoly,LuIwOulO
acIivaIohisrOOks,whichis vasIly
mOroim¡OrIanI,anOhowOulOLo
IakingaOvanIagoOIIho Onlyroal
OrawLackIO Llacks¡OsiLOn,Iho
Iom¡OraryinacLviIyOIhisknighI
LlackwilÌsOOncOrrocIIhis, sOiI
wasviIalIOrIhoIirsI¡layorIO sIriko
aIOnco
22 . . . N£8 23 £5?
¯hisis amisIakoLocausohis
o·¡awnnOwLocOmosvorywoak,
withOuIhisachioving anykinOOI
cOunIor¡layOn tho I·IiIo
¿
IIhis
sIago \hiIosLost¡Olicyis tO waiI,
¡orha¡sLyconIraIislnghis king,
withOuIcOmmiIIinghimsolIany
IurIhor ¿3 a4 is¡OssiLlo,LuInOI
asgOOOasOnIholasImOvoaIIor
¿3 . . L·a4 ¿4lLÌ (Or
¿4 laÌ Lco ¿o c4 O·c4
¿o lc3 LLo ¿7 Lo¿ lO7 oIc )
Lco ¿oc4 O·c4' (havingIho
whiIo rOOk aI O3insIoaOOIO¿
makosalIIho OiIIoronco) ¿olc3
(Or ¿oL·co c·O3
¿7 lL7¬ lOb anO\hiIoisIOsI)
LLo ¿7 Lo¿ lO7 anO LIack
sIanOsLotIorin s¡iIoOIhis OOO·
IOOking¡awnIOrmaLOn,Locauso
hisknighIwÙcOmomIO¡Iay
oIIocLvoIy aIOo
23 . . . Nd7 24 Re3 Nb6
25 fXe6 Nc4 26 Re2 f Xe6
\hiIosIauuroIOIako actiOnhas
rosuIIoOin aOoIoriOratìOnOIhis
gamo ¿7 a4 L·a4 ¿bla¡ a3 is
nOwOuIOIIho quosLOn,Ihoknight
hasroachoOanìOoaIsquaro,Iho
oo·¡awniswoakanO thowhiIo
rOOks aroas ¡assivo asovor
LIacksOnIy¡rOLIomishis
rosIricIoOLishO¡,whichhonOw
IakossIo¡sIO ro·OirocI
27 Ral Bc6!
loaOingIOrgoanOaIsOsIO¡¡ing
¿b a4
28 Bg4
\hiIosOnIy¡Ianis IO markIimo
anOsoowhaILIackwilÌaIIom¡I,
anOLoroaOyIO ¡onoIratowiIhhis
rOOks, shOulOtho O¡¡OrtuniIy ariso
28 . . . BeB 29 h4
(Liagram ¿) Nb6
oincoIhowhO¦o¡OínIOIL¦acks
sacritico isIhaIthowhitorOOks
havoLoonIamoO,itisossonIia¦IOr
him IOromainvigiIanIIOany
¡OssiLIo Irooing mOvos lomusI
koo¡\hiIoIìoOu¡unI¡hois quiIo
corIain whorohowanIsIOsIriko
loro ¿¬ . . . Lgo wOuIOLoamis·
IakoLocausoOI 3Ua4,sOhoro·
grOu¡sIOaIIackIhoIrOnIc·¡awn
30 Re3 Na4 3 1 Be2 Bg6
LotIorIhan3Ì . l·c3 3¿LO3
whichIoavos\hiIowiIh mOro
acLvo¡iocos
32 Bd3
Ì ¬Ì
lI\hiIoIrios IO OoIonOc ¿m any
OIhor way,ho canharOIyim¡rOvo
his ¡OsiLOn. (a) 3¿ la¿` l·c3
33 lL¿ O4 wins OutighI,
(L) 3¿ lc¡ l·c3 (IhroaIoning
33 . . O4 aswoIlas 33 . la¿)
33LI Ì (Or 33LO3 O4
34 lI3 L·O3 anO . . lo¿ ¬) la¿
(33 . . O4 34loo¡ la¿ 3olcOI
is On¦y woakoning, givingchancos
tOIhorOOks) 34la¡ l·c¿
3o lo¿ (3o LO3 lc3
3o l·a¿ L·O3 37lO¿ lc¡¬
3b lI¿ Lo4 aIsO IavOurs LIack)
l·o¿ 3oL·o¿ lc3
37LI3 LLÌ ' 3blI¿ O4 anOa¦l
Iho chancos aro wiIh LIack
\hiIonOwhO¡osIO oxchango
LishO¡s anOgoIIO I7wiIhhis
rOOks.
32 . . . RXc3 33 R3 Nc5
¯horighILming, 33 L·O3
34 c·O3 lco 3o laIÌ wOuIOLo
muchinIoriOr.
34 Rafl NXd3 35 cXd3 RXa3
laIuraIIyhoIakosIhisOno,inOrOor
IOgivohimsoIIIwOuniIoO¡assoO
¡awns.
36 Rcl RXd3
lOtOtcOurso3o L·O3
Diagram <
Diagram 3
37 lc7¬ lOb 3b lII7,LutiInOw
37lc7¬ lOb anO LIackIOrcos
anoxchangoOIrOOkswiIhOuI
IOsmg any¡awns
37 RXd3 BXd3 (Liagram 3)
38 Kf2
1his ¡OsiIiOn is criLcaI LnowOuIO
ox¡ocIIhroo oxIra ¡awns IO Lo
onOughIOonsuroawinIOrLIack,
LuIIhoroisasLghIwoaknossinhis
gamo, inasmuchas his¡awnsaro
mOsIlyOnwhiIo squaros, anOsO
\hitohas achancoIOrLIOckaOo
3blc7¬ OLviOusIynooOsIOLo
caroIuIIy cOnsiOoroO. lILIack
ro¡Los 3b lIb Ihon 3¬lL7 ao
4Ula7 a4 4Ì lI¿ Lc¿
4¿lL7 LO3 43lo3 Lc4 44la7
hOIOstho ¡awnsanOkoo¡sIho
LIackking cOnIinoO, anOiI is\hiIo
whOhasany winning chancos
lOwovor, 3b . lOb' roIutos tho
rOOk mOvo lI 3¬ l·g7 L4
4UlL7 LLo 4l lLb¬ lc7
4¿ lIb L3 43lI¿ ao 44 g4 a4
anOLIackwins oasiIy.lIinstoaO
3¬ lL7 lcb 4UlLo ao
4l l·oo L4 4¿lLo (4¿ lOo L3)
lc7 anO again\hiIoisIOsI
38 . . . Bc4 39 Ke3 aS
40 Kd4 a4 41 Ra1
1O¡ormiI . a3-a¿ wOuIOrosIricI
himIOO much LnIhowhOIo, shoor
woighIOInumLorsusuaIIyIoIIsin
Ihoso casos, sincoIhorois aLmiIIO
hOw many ¡awns aking anOrOOk
canLIOckaOo,whiIostiIIkoo¡ing
sOmochancosOIacLvo¡Iay.
41 . . . h5
1ho¡Ianis IO croaIooxIra¡rossuro
wiIhthokingOnIho l·siOo,which
shOuIOLoonOughtO OociOoIhings,
LuIiI 4Ì . lI7 4¿ho koo¡shim
OuI,honcothotoxImOvo
42 Kc5 K£7 43 Ra3 Kg6 44 R£3
(Liagram 4)
laIuraIIyhoIrios IO ¡rovonI
. lIo-g4
Ì ¬¿
44 . . . K6
LIackis ¡rOLingaLtIohoro,tO soo
which wayIhorOOkwiL gO lohas
nOinIonLOnOI¡Iaying go, which
wOuIOOnIywoakonhis Own
¡OsiIiOnLyaJOwing IhorOOkIO
¡onoIraIo IOIo
45 R8
1hisIOsos,LuI\hiIohasnOIulIy
satsIacIOryOoIoncolocan
chOOsoLoIwoonIwO kingmOvos
anOIwO rOOkmOvos,inIhoIatIor
Diagram ÷
caso OnoaLanOOning Ihot·IiloIO onOing
IhoLonoIiIOIIhoLlackkìnganO
45 . . . a3 46 ReS
Iho OIhor aLanOOningthoIhirO 1rying tOra ¡assoO ¡awn, LuI
ranktOIho Oo¦ighIOItho a·¡awn LlackhasIhosamorosOurcoas
1hokingmOvosmay Lo
a¡¡oaroOinIholastnOIolI
OiscarOoO (a) 4olO4 L4 4olO4 (¡ro¡aring 47lod)wo
4olco L3 47 lI¿ a3 anOtho
havo4o a¿ 47 lab L4
¡awnsarounstO¡¡aLlo, 4bla7 L3 4¬lc3 O4¬'
(L) 4blL4 O4 4ola3 O3
bUlL¿ O3 oÌ lO7 (bÌ lc3 O¿' )
47lI¿ lgo 4blL4 O¿
LOo anOwins
4¬ l·O¿ lIo oUlO7 l·oo
46 . . . d4!
o l l·g7 Lo¿' anO LlackshOulO
lomusIOnnOaccOunta¦lOw\hiIo
win
a ¡assoO¡awn, o g 4o a¿`
1homOsIinIorostingvariaIìOn 47 l·oo¬ go 4blao lg7
OccursiI\hitochOOsosIOloavo
4¬oo anO\hìIoiswinning
thoI·Iilo, sti¦¡koo¡inganoyoOntho
47 KXd4 Bd5 48 R8+
a·¡awn1honwocansoo|usIwhat
¯hoIhroaI was sim¡ly 4b . a¿
rosOurcos Llackhas,anOhOw anOiI 4blo7 L4 4¬lO3 (Or
hO¡oloss ìIisIOr\hitoIO trytO
4¬ la7 L3 oUl·a3 L¿) L3
cOnIrO¦sOmany¡awns oU lc3 L¿ bÌ lc¿ Lo4¬ ÌI
4o la3 lgo 4olt3 O4' (thisis
4blc3 L4¬' 4¬lc¿ L3¬ anO
simi¦arIO whatha¡¡onoOinIho
wins. lnviowOtthis,IhorOOkIrios
gamo, in manywaysLlackisLoIIor IO sIO¡ Iho avalancho IrOmthosíOo,
OttwithOuIhisO·¡awn,sincotho
whichOn¡rinci¡loisun¦ikoly tO
scO¡oOIhis LishO¡is virtual¦y succooO
OOuLloO) 47l·O4 LOb 4bla3
48 . . . Kg6 49 Rf8 b4
(it 4blIb a3 4¬lc3 1_' <: ·�'i· ·� · . o. z lOw tho cOmLinaIiOnOtLishO¡On
oU lc¿ L3¬ anO oÌ Lo4) lIo
whito squaros anO ¡awns OnLlack
4¬ lal lg4 oUla3 LL3
makosaLlOckaOoim¡OssiLlo
o Ì laÌ (Or oÌ lcb l·g3
50 R£2
b¿ l·Lb l·h4 withanoasy
oUlI l is nO LoIIor - oU L3
win) l·g3 b¿lgl¬ l·h4 oÌ lc3 L¿ tOllOwoOLy . Lo4
o3 l·g7 a3 winning cOmIOrIaLly
Or La¿
¯hoLoauLtuLy contralisoOLìshO¡ 50 . . . b3 5 1 Kc3 b2 0- 1.
i sIhokoyI OIholaIIor¡arIOI this
GAME 50 \hiIo L|uLO|ovic LIack1Orro
lanila, l ¬7o lirc LoIonco
1 e4 d6 2 d4 N£6 3 Nc3 g6
4 £4 Bg7 5 N£3 c5 6 dXc5 Qa5
7 Bd3 QXc5 8 Qe2 0-0
9 Be3 Qa5 10 0-0 Bg4
1 1 h3 BX£3 12 QX£3 Nc6
Ì ¬3
13 a3 Nd7 14 b4 Qd8
15 Ne2 BXal 1 6 RXal e6
17 Rdl a6 18 c3 Qe7
19 Bc2 Rfe8 20 B£2 d5
21 Ng3 Rad8 22 a4 d4
23 b5 aXb5 24 aXb5 Na7
25 cXd4 NXb5 26 Qd3 Nc7
27 f5 b5 28 fXe6 QXe6
29 Qf3 Qf6 30 Qg4 Qc6
31 Bb3 Qc3 32 Qf3 Q Xf3
33 g Xf3 (Liagram Ì )
\hiIo cIoarIyhas cOm¡onsaLOnIOr
his oxchango sacriIicoin IhoIOrm
OIIwOsIrOng LishO¡s, a¡assoO
¡awnanOgOOO¡rOs¡ocIsIOrhis
knighIaIIorooanO lo4.lnaOOiLOn
his¡awnconIrowiIIkoo¡IhoLlack
knighIsrosIricIoOIOrsOmoIimo
ln s¡itoOIaIlIhis, LIacks ¡iocos
OOnOIa¡¡oarIO LoIOOLaOIy
¡IacoO anOho OOoshavoa¡assoO
¡awnÌnIacIIho mOsLintorosLing
IoaIurosOItho onOingaroIhaIIhis
¡awn¡IaysIiIIIo OrnO ¡arIinIho
¡rOcooOings anO IhaI\hiLosoIs
aLOuIox¡IOiLnghis aOvanIagosin
such anunhurrioO way, soomingIy
uncOncornoO aLOuIhis maIorial
OoIiciI
33 . . . Ne6
loroisasoIocLOnOI¡OssiLIo
aIIornaIivosIOr LIack
( Ì ) 33 lLo 34lcÌ (34oo
wOuIOLoina¡¡rO¡riaIo|usIhoro,
LocausoOI34 lcOo, IhOughin
OIhorIinos iIis\hiIosstOngosI
manOouvro)anO nOw
(a) 34 loo` 3o Oo,
(L) 34 lao` 3o lco lLb
3oOo, (c)34 lO7 3ooo' anO U
3o . lcOo 3olo4 lg7
37 lOo lab 3bl·Lo oIc ,
(O) 34 . lc4' ` (¡rOLaLIyLosI,
LocausoiIwiIILoharOIOr\hiIoIO
ignOroIhoknighIanOiI
3o L·c4 L·c4 3o l·c4 lcd,
wiIhalikoIyOraw,IhOughLIack
romamsOnIho OoIonsivo)
(¿) 33 lLb,oiIhor 34Oo Or
34oo lOo 3olo4 anOIho
OOuLIoIhroaIOI 3o lOo anO
36. g_ � / ¸¹ ¸4 -r - ¸ 36 ¸0 ! £6
Diagram Ì
3o L·Oo is unansworaLlo
(3) 33 . . lab 34lcÌ loo 3o oo
wiIhsimilar¡IayIOIho gamo
34 e5
´orIainÌythoimmoOiaIo acLvaLOn
OtIhoknighIisIho LosI, ¡rOviOing
iIistacLcaLy¡ormissiLIo, anOin
IacIiIis,LocausoiI34 . . lI4 ho
has 3o Lo3 l·h3 ¬` 3olg¿
roaOy.1homOvochOsonisaIsO
harmIoss
34 . . . Ng5 35 Kg2 Rc8
lnIhorun·u¡ IO IhoIimo·cOntrOI
LIackalIOwsIhoLishO¡sIOIOrm
aLarriorIOhis rOOk 3o . lLo`
wOuIOLoaLIunOorLocausoOI
� loo �LuI 3o . . lab
guaranIoosonIryata3,o.g 3oI4
(nOt 3oLo3 loo 37LcÌ laÌ )
loo 37lI3 la3 3blO3 L4
3¬lo4 otcLn IhoOIhorhanO
\hiIosIJhas¡IonIyOt¡Iayhoro
anOsinco lLois anim¡OrIanI
mOvotOrLIack,homayhavo
inIonOoOIO Oraw Iho LishO¡OItIho
gÌ ·a7OiagOnaIIOrIhis ¡ur¡Oso
36 Be 1 Ra8 37 Bb4 Nb6
38 f4 Ne6 39 Kf3
(Liagram ¿) Nc7
LyIhis moans LIacksuccooOsin
J $5 ?f ' × ?0 · ¸·. ' x ´: - f
Ì ¬4
Diagram <
oxchanging OIIOnoOtIhoLishO¡s,
LuIIho¡rossurois sur¡risingIynOI
roIiovoO Pnim¡OrIanIalIornaLvois
3¬. lc4,whichIoaOsIOIho
IOIIOwingvariaIiOns. 4UOo lc7
4Ì lo4 (4Ì Oo lao 4¿O7 l·L4
loaOs nOwhoro) lg7 4¿ lIo locb
(u4¿ . lOb 43Lo7 anO 44Oo,
Oru 4¿ . l·oo¬ 43I ·oo l·oo
44lo4, Ioavìng \hiIowiIh acIoar
aOvanIago) 43L·c4| (iI 43 Lo7
aIOnco, 43 lao is awkwarO)
L·c4 44Lo7 lLo 4o Oo c3
4oO7 c¿ (4o . lOb
47L·Ob l·Ob 4blcl Ioavos
LIackin groatOiIIicuILos) 47lcI
anO nOw (a) 47 lc3 ¬ 4blo¿'
(nOI 4blo4`` la4¬ anOmaIos')
lO4¬ 4¬lO¿ lco oUlO3 lL3
o Ì l·c¿ l·c¿ o¿l·c¿ lO4¬
o3 lO3 lco o4LOo wiLh
aOvantago, (L) 47 lco 4b lo3'
(nOI 4bOb/¸ l·Ob
4¬L·Ob lO4¬ oUlo3 lL3
anOwins) anOiI4b . lc3
4¬l·c¿ lOo¬ oUl·Oo l·c¿
oÌ Ob/¸ wiIhwinnìngchancos,
(c) 47 lOb 4blo3 la3
4¬L·Ob l·Ob oUlO3 anO
\hiIois winning 1hoinvinciLIo
Ì ¬o
knighIaIIois Iho chioI¡OinIOI
inIorosIinIhosoLnos
40 d5 NaG 41 Bd6 Nc8
4Ì lc4 nOw amOunIsIOIho
samoIhing.\hiIo musIgivou¡Iho
LishO¡,LuIIhoknighIIakosOvor
aOmiraLIy
42 Ne4 NXd6
lIhoOocIinos IO Iako,Ihon
4¿ . . lOb Or lg7 43lcI
Ioavos himOangorOusly shOrIOI
mOvos\hiIocOuIOcOnLnuoLy
Lc7anOOo,IOroxam¡Io
43 NXd6 Reb8 44 Ne4
LIacksOiIIicuIIios ¡orsist, ¡arIly
LocausoOIIhoonomy¡assoO
¡awn,LutchioIIyLocausoOIIho
¡orIocI¡Iacing OIIhowhiIo ¡iocos
anOhiscOm¡IoIo OOminaLOnOIIho
conIro 1hoIacIIhaIIhis shOuIO
OuIwoighIho aOvanIagoOIIho
oxchango is voryinstucIivo 1ho
LIack ¡iocos IhrOughOuI givoIho
OisIincIim¡rossiOnOILoing
squashoOarOunOIho oOgos OIIho
LOarO anO his ¡assoO ¡awnissLlI
nOIhroaI.
44 . . . Nb4
´orIainIyIhoLosLchanco, asho
musLmakohisrOOkacIivo OOwn
Iho a·IiIo. 44 . lc7 wOuIOLotOO
slOw, o g 4oOo loo
4oL·oo I ·oo 47lgo L4
(47 . lob` 4b O7) 4bl·oo L3
4¬O7 L¿ oUlLÌ lt7 (oU laI
o Ì l·L¿) oÌ Ob/¸ l·Ob
o¿ l·Ob¬ l·Ob o3l·L¿ wiIh
gOOOwinning chancos.1hoOnIy
OIhor iOoa, 44 . lcb, is¡OmIIoss
Locauso Iho rOOkcannOIonIor
\hiIos ¡OsiLOn.
45 d6
LIacksinIonOoO . la3hasIOLo
IakonsoriOusIy,sìncoIhoLishO¡
hasnO suiIaLIo roIugolOwovor,
IhoIhroaIsIrOmIho O·¡awn
Diagram 3
¡rovonIhímIrOmroinIOrcingIho
¡in
45 . . . Ra3 46 Nc5
(Líagram3) NaG
ÏOrcingIhoissuo Ps aruIoIho
¡Iayor withIho ¡assoO¡awn can
gonoraIomOroIhraaIs LyroIaining
¡iocos, sO LIacks Oosiro IO
oxchangoís unOorsIanOaLIo, LuI
4o lco(-ao)IOOks sIrOngor,
síncoíI híIs aI\hiIosOno
woaknoss,Iho rosIricIoO LishO¡,
anOaIsOhoI¡sLIIIhoLIOckaOoOI
IhoL·¡awn \hiIos chOicowOuIO
IhonIioLoIwoon (i) 41lo4 anO
(u) 47lO3 (41 O7 lOb
Irans¡OsosinIOOIhorIínos)
(í) 47lo4 lao anOnOw
(a) 4boo` l·L3
4¬l·L3 l·L3 oUo7 Io ¬
oÌ lOo lI7 o¿lco lob
o3 lc1 lab o4lL1 lLa3 anO
wins, (L) 4bO1 l·L3
4¬l·L3r oUlco lIb anO
\hiIois corIainIynOIwínning,
(c) 4bLc¿ lc3 4¬lO7 lOb
oUlIo¬ lg7 oÌ LLÌ L4,which
IavOurs LIack, (O) 4b LOo lOb
4¬oo (Or 4¬O7 lIb oUoo I ·oo
o l l·oo¬ lo7 o¿l·Ob l·Ob
'9

. TªÞ~
� 88 .:g T 1×^¤ > 1· `"·
o3 Loo lc4 anO LIackis innO
Oangor) I ·oo oUL·oo¬ lIb
anOL¦ackcanhO¦OIho ¡OsiIiOn,
IhOughhowíL¡rOLaLIyhavoIO
roIurnIhooxchango,
(o) 4blO7 lOb 4¬lIo¬ lg7
oULOo t4 anO agaín\hiIohas
nOIhing cIoar
(u) 41lO3 L4 4bO7 lOb 4¬oo
(Or 4¬lL1 l·L3
oUl·L3 lO4¬ oÌ lo3 l·L3
.o. . .
¹ .�
o¿l·Ob " o3l·I1 l·O1
o4 lOo go' wiIh aOraw) I ·oo
oUl·oo l·O('
'? ¸.. 1,([ sl1×e�
oÌ l·O7 l·L3¬ o¿lo4' ¯c¬-+
(o¿lg4 lo3' i ssIrOng) lc3'
(o¿ l·h3` o3lg7¬ lhb
o4 lc1 shOuIO win)
o3 lg7¬ lhb o4lc1 oIc,wiIh
aIíkoIyOraw
laIuralIyOnIy asma¦I¡arI OIIhis
cOuIO LosoonOvorIho LOarO, LuI
iIsooms IhaIIhoinOicaIoOknighI
manOouvro wOuIOhavohoIO Iho
¡OsiIiOnIOr LIack
47 NXa6 RXa6
laving¡usImaOoOnocrucíaI
OocisíOn, L¦ackís nOwIacoOwiIh
Iho OiIIicu¦I¡rOLIomOIwhichminOr
¡iocoIO oIiminaIo anOho canin IacI
OrawLyIaking oiIhor, IhOughIho
aIIornatvoOI47 l·L3¬ is
¡orha¡smOrosIraighIIOrwarO lI
míghIsoomIhaIIhokníghIisIho
mOro OangorOus ¡ioco, LuIthís ís
nOInocossariIysOanOmIho
romainOorOIIho gamo Iho LishO¡
oxorIsgroaI¡OworagainsILIacks
woaknoss aII1.
Phor 41 . l·L3¬
4blg4 lOb 4¬ lc1 LIackhas
¡rOL¦oms Locauso OIIhoIhroaIOI
oUoo, LuIho can¡rOLaLIyhOIO
Iho onOingLy4¬. . lIb (nOI
4¬ . L4 oUoo I ·oo oÌ l·oo,
whichcOsIshímarOOk,LuI
! · :
Ì ¬o
4¬ lo3 mighIalsO Oraw)
oUoo t ·oo o l l·oo¬ lob
o¿ loÌ ' lL¿ o3l·Ob¬ l·Ob
o4 lo7 lO¿ oo l·h7 l·Oo
oolL7 lob (oo . . lOo o7 lLo)
o7lgo lIb oIc, IhOugh\hiIo
roIains sOmo aOvanIago
48 f5!
\iIhIho Oisa¡¡oaranco OIIho
knighI\hiIocannOI su¡¡OrI Iho
O·¡awnoIIocLvoIy, sOaOiItoronI
¡Ianis roquiroO, namoIy Ihoonty
OIIhokinganO asIoaOyLuiIO·u¡
againsII7.
48 . . . Ra3
ÌI4b ltb 4¬oo anO \hiIogoIs
IwOuniIoO¡assoO ¡awns
(4¬ . g·to oUo7¬ lob
oÌ lgÌ ' ) sOIhoca¡IuromusILo
maOooiIhornOw OrOn IhonoxI
mOvo
49 Rd3 g Xf5 50 Kf4
lOI IaI¦ingIOr oUL·I7¬ l·I7
oÌ l·a3 loo o¿lI4 L4 whon
LIacksiOoa¦ LIOckaOing¡OsiIiOn
onsurosanoasyOraw lOwovor,
LygivingLackIhooxchango
anOIhorway,oiIhornOwOr aImOvo
oÌ , hocansIiIIsurvivo,i o
oU. l·L3 o Ì l·L3 lIb
(oÌ lg7 o¿l·to L4 o3 oo, Or
o¿ lLo o3 O7 lLb o4l·Lo
wOuIOLoLaO) o¿l·to L4
o3lIo lLo' 1ho¡OinI, o4oo
wOuIOOIhorwisoLoOangorOustOr
LIack,LuIIhis ¡inningmOvo
Oraws,o g (a) o4h4 ho
oo lgo lLo ool·ho l·oo¬
anO o7 . lOo, (L) o4lIo lob
oo lo4 lLo' oolO4 lO7 anO
\hiIo canmakonO¡rOgross
50 . . . Kf8 51 KXf5 Ral?
¯ho taIaImisIako. oÌ l·L3 oIc
sIiIIOraws,LuInOw\hiIos aIIack
isIOO sIrOng
52 Rf3! (Liagram4)
l ¬7
´Ovoring IhokinganOmuIL¡Iying
his IhroaIs, whicharonOw oo, lIo
anO lg4, unIoashingIhorOOk
52 . . . Rel
¯hoLosIOoIonco,sIO¡¡ingoo anO
winning Iho o·¡awn inroIurn IOr
his Own I·¡awnÌIinsIoaO
o¿ lL7 o3LOo' lLa7
(o3 lO7 o4Lco anOhis sOIo
chancoOIcOunIor¡IayisgOno)
o4oo I·oo¬ ool·oo¬ lg7
ooO7 anOwins.
53 Kg4 Re4+ 54 Kg3 RXe5
o4 lL 7 oooo isnaIura¦Iy
uso¦oss. lIs asIOnishing hOw
\hiIos aOvanIago has ¡orsisIoO
anO ovonincroasoOas Iho maIoria¦
has Loon roOucoO
55 RXf7+ Ke8 56 Kf4
\hiIo sIilIhasIO LocaroIuI in viow
OIIho roOucoO numLor OI¡awns
lI ooO7 ¬ lOb o7 ltb¬ l·O7
ob l·Lb lo3¬, Orithoro
o7 lI4 lco obltb¬ l·O7
o¬ l·Lb lc3 winning Iho¦asI
¡awn, OriIin Ihis IasI¦ino
ob Loo` lc7 tO¦IOwoO Ly L4
anOiIisLIackwhO iswinning
¯horighIwayisIO goIIho
LishO¡ in¡OsiIiOnIirsI
Diagram ÷
56 . . . Rc5 57 BeG!
lOrcingthowin Ota rOOk, aIIor
whichIho ¡rosonco OtarOOk¡awn
anO wrOngcOIOuroOLishO¡(nOI
cOntrOILnghb)wiI¦nOt ¡ormiI
a Oraw, as ¦Ong as rOOks romain On
Iho LOarO
57 . . . Rd8 58 d7+ RXd7
59 RXd7 h6
Lr o¬ L4 oUlL7 1ho
unha¡¡y L·¡awnhas survivoO Iho
gonoraImassacro,LutstiI¦hasnO
roa¦int¦uonco On tho OuIcOmoI
60 Rh7 K£8 (Liagram o) 61 B£5!
Locauso o l l·ho lg7
o¿lh4 lIo wOu¦OLovory
awkwarO 1ho oxchango OtrOOks
mustLo¡rovonIoO, sO o3 Lgb (Or
o3Lg4 lc4¬ anO o4 L4)
lIo¬ anO\hiIohasat¦oastmaOo
things voryOitticuIItOrhmsoII
61 . . . b4 62 RXh6 Rb5
LLviOus¦yIho On¦y chanco, Lut
nOw\hito gots amating atIack
vory ty¡icaIOIthososiIuatiOns
63 Kg5 Kg7
Diagram b
Lro3 L3 o4lto lLo¬
oo Loo anOwins
64 R7 + Kg8 65 Rc7
¯hroatoning oolIo again
65 . . . Rb6 66 Bg6 b3
67 Kh6 Rb8
ÏIo7 1Ib oblh7 L¿ o¬lt7¬
anO wins
68 Rg7+ K8 69 Rh7+ Kg8
70 B£7+ 1-0.
GAME 5 1 \hito ¯imman LIack luLnor
lOnIroaI, Ì ¬7¬ limzO·lnOianLoIonco
1 c4 N£6 2 d4 e6 3 Nc3 Bb4
4 e3 b6 5 Ne2 BaG 6 a3 Be7
7 N£4 d5 8 cXd5 BXU
9 KX£ 1 NXd5 10 NcXd5 eXd5
1 1 Qh5 c6 12 Ne6 g6
13 Qe5 B£6 14 NXd8 BXe5
15 NX£7 KX£7 16 dXe5
(Liagram Ì) Nd7
LosttOattacktho whito¡awnLy
OovoIO¡ingthoknighIaIOnco
l o 1oo cOu¦OLomoILy
l 1 L4 lO7 Ì bLL¿ IOI¦OwoOLy
Ì ¬lcl , whonthoknight cannOI
roacho4
l ¬b
17 £4 Nc5
1hoLaII¦oLoIwoonthorivaI¡awn
ma¡OriLosisaLOuIIO cOmmonco,
anO ¡orsistsIO Iho onO OtIho gamo
Ïtis acOm¡LcaIoO¡rOcoss,sinco
LOth ma¡ Oritos can croaIo throats OI
thoirOwn anO attho samoIimoaro
susco¡IiLIotO onomy aIIacks
PIthOugh \hitohasan oxtra ¡awn,
hocannOIoasi¡ymakousoOIiI,
os¡ocia¦¦y whonIhoknightarrivos
ato4 anOtho L¦ackking aI oo lis
¡Ian atIho OuIsotisIhorotOro tO
Lroak u¡ L¦acks¡awn ¡OsitiOn On
Iho ¸·siOo, anOIhus O¡onu¡unos
IOrhis rOOksanOLishO¡.ÏIhocan
OOIhaI, his¡awnaOvanIagoshOuIO
ovonIuaIIy win LIacks¡Ianwíl¦Lo
IOtakoIhoiniLaIivoOnIho l·siOo
anOtryIO Lroaku¡ Iho O¡¡Osing
¡awnmass, LoIOro\hiIo makos
IOOmuch¡rOgrossOnIhoOIhor
wing
18 b4
ÏIis LoIIorIOOovoIO¡Iho LishO¡
Ihis wayIOrsovoraroasOns (i) iIis
gonoraLy mOro aggrossivoaIL¿
IhanO¿, (u) IhoLIackc·¡awnis
rosIrainoO, (L) wiIhIhoo·¡awn
cOvoroO,IoLocOmos aIhroataI
IaIor stagos,inaOOiLOn, aIIor
Ì bLO¿ lo4 l ¬ lo¿ ho
(sIO¡¡ingIho¡OssiLihIy OIg4 IOr
\hiIo,anOIhusaLIIIosIrOngor
IhanIhoimmoOiaIo . . loo)
¿UlhcI co LIackcanroaOiÌy
cOnLnuo wiIh loo anO . go
18 . . . Ne4 19 Bb2 KeG 20 Ke2
¿Ug4 wOuIOLoOuLiOusnOw
LocausoOI¿U ho ¿ Ì g·ho (Or
¿ Ì go lIo oIc ) l·ho,IOllOwoO
Ly lahb
20 . . . h5 21 Rc1
lousos IhisrOOk Locauso Iho
Diagram Ì
Ì ¬¬
OIhorOnohas aIuIuro OnIhoL·ILo,
as¡arIOIIhoLroak·IhrOugh¡Ian
On Iho¸·siOo
21 . . . c5 22 Rab1 !
P sIrOngmOvo, aIroaOyIhroatoning
acLOnLy ¿3 L·co L·co ¿4 Lal ,
whichwL¦aIthovory¦oasIIOrco
LlackIOchaLongoIhoIiIo, IO
¡rovonI ¿o lL7 lowilÌIhonLo
unaLIoIO cOnIom¡IaIo anysoriOus
cOunIor¡IayOnIho l·siOo.
¿3 l·co wOuIO aIsO LounsaLs·
IacIOryhoroOnaccOuntOI ¿4LO4
whon\hito canoiIhoroxchango
IhomínOr¡iocosOrOccu¡ytho
sovonIh rank
22 . . . g5!
1hoOnIycOrrocIchOicoi naraIhor
OiIIicuIIsiIuaIiOn - immoOiaIo anO
vigOrOus cOunIor¡Iay, ¿¿ . . c4,
hO¡ing IO cIOso Iho ¸·siOo, wiÌI nOI
OO, inviow OI ¿3Lo' (LoIIorIhan
¿3 LO4 Lo' ) IOLOwoOLyLO4 anO,
a¡arIIrOmIhoLoIIor¡IacingOIhis
LishO¡, \hiIo has a ¡orIoct targoI
IOatIack Ly a4-ao.
23 Rfl
1hroaIoningIhoOocisivo ¿4Io¬
ÏnIhoIacoOILIacksaIIack. \hiIo
himsoII nOwhasIO ¡Iay ¡OsiLvoIy IO
koo¡ his LaIanco, ashis aÌIornaIivos
inOicaIo (i) ¿3 I·go(`) lhgb anO
LIack rogans his ¡awnoasiIy wiIh
gOOO¡Iay anO a turIhor woakoning
OtIhohOsILo¡awns, ¿4h4` horo
is aLÍunOor On accOuntOI
¿4 . laIb,whonIho Oocisivo
¿o . . lI¿¬ cannOtLo¡rovonIoO
(u) ¿3LaÌ (cOn0nuingwiIhhis
Own ¡Ian) lagd ¿4 g3 (\hiIo
cannOI aIIOrOtOraco,Locausohis
kmggoIsinIO IrOuLIo,iI
¿4 L·co g·I4 ¿o c·Lo l·g¿ ¬
¿ olI l lhgb oIc. , Orhoro
¿o loÌ I3) h4,withvorysIrOng
IhroaIs,ìn IacI, itis harOIO suggosI
a gOOO mOvoIOr\hiIohoro
LoIonsivo¡IayisOLviOusIy
inaOoquaIo, honcoIhoIoxImOvo
23 . . . Raf8 24 fXgS!
\iLhhis rOOkatI ¦ , \hiIohasOIhor
¡OssiLiIiLos OIOoamgwiIhIho
onomycOunIor¡¦ay, sO Ihis ca¡Iuro
isnOwin OrOor ¯ho ¡assivo
¿4 g3 wOuIO ¡ormiI ¿4 . g4 (nOI
¿4 . h4` ¿o g4) tO¦IOwoO
Ly h4 anO LIackis OOingwolI.
Likowiso ¿4LaÌ issIOw -
¿4 lhgb ¿o g3 (Or
¿o t ·go l·t ¦ ¿o l·I I l·go
¿7 g3 h4' wiIh aOvanIago) h4 (nO
nooOIOr ¿o . g4 nOw,sinco
¿o g4 isun¡IayaLIoIOr\hiIo)anO
\hitohas¡rOLIoms lt
¿o lg¦ h·g3 ¿7 h·g3 lhb,OriI
¿o g·h4 g·I4 anO ¿7 . lg¿ ¬
wiLh asuLsIanIiaI¡IusmLOIh
casos.P gonoraI¡OinIOIinIorosLin
LhosovariatiOns is IhaItho LIack
knighL,thOughOLviOus¦ywo¦¦
¡¦acoO, isOtIiIIIovaIuoOnhis Own,
his roaIinIIuoncoisOnIy oviOonI
whonho acLs in cOn|unc!iOn wiIh
his rOOks,i o whonIho ¡OsiIiOn is
O¡onoO u¡
24 . . . Rfg8
1his anOIhoimmoOiaIo roca¡turo
¿4 l·go aro aLOuIOIoquaI
vaIuo,noithor a¡¡oaringIOquiIo
oqua¦iso tOrLIack (OtcOurso
¿4 . lhgb` iswrOng - ¿o lI4,
IOIIOwoO Ly h4, anO LIackhas
sim¡IyIOsIanOthor¡awn)PILor
¿4 T·go \hiIo makosusoOI
hisstrOng¡OinIatIo Ly
¿o lIo¬ l·Io (¿o lo7
¿o lLI Ì ) ¿oo·Io anOnOwIho
¡awnnooOsIO LoLackIoO aIOnco,
LoIOro\hiLoaIIacksin anOIhor
¡¦aco, sO ¿o lo4 (iI ¿o c4
¿1 LO4 lo4 ¿ba4 l·Io
¿¬ ao lLb 3Ua·Lo a·Lo
¿UU
Diagram <
3 Ì laÌ oIc. wiLh ac¦oar aOvanIago)
¿7 L·co L·co ¿bLa¦ lgb (Or
¿b . l·to ¿¬ lLo lcb 3UlL7)
¿¬g3 h4 3UlL7' (nOt
3Ug·h4 lg¿ ¬, whon LIack oasuy
rogainshis LwO¡awns,LuInOw
3U h·g3 canLomotLy
3 Ì lo7¬ lOo 3¿Loo¬, winning
a ¡awn anOOrivingIhokingIar
away lIhoro 3l . lto 3¿I7 lIb
33 h·g3 l·g3¬ 34 lt3 lho
3ol·a7 shOu¦Owin, Oru
34 . lo4 3oloo¬ winning
a ¡awn) 3U T·Io
3 Ì L·Io l·Io 3¿lI3 with
a smaI¦aOvanIago
(Liagram ¿) 25 h4(?)
lLis nOIcÍoarwhy1imman OociOoO
OnIhis oxchangosacriIico,whichis
mOsIIuoIyunsOunOLiOhounOor·
osIimaIothos¡ooOaIwhichIho
LIackrOOkcanLo LrOughIinIO
¡¦ayinLhoonsuingonOmg, Or
OvorosLimatoIho strongIhOIhis
Own ¡awns`lorha¡s hoIhOughI
howOuIOgoIIhowOrsoOIiL,iIho
OiOnOIsacriIicoPIanyrato
¿o lI4 is Lottor, throaIoning
¿o h4, Ihonwohavo ¿o l·go
¿o g3, IOJOwoOLy OOuL¦ing rOOks
OrLyIhoOIO ¡lanOILaÌ , L·co,
oIcÏI¿o . h4 horo,\hiIohas
¿7 g4 h3' (OIhorwiso\hiIo ¡lays
h3) ¿d lgÌ anO\hiIois hOlOing
his oxIra¡awnsaIoIy, thOughho
canharOIycIaim much aOvanIago
inviow OILlacks ¡rossuroOnIho
g·¡awn.
25 . . . Ng3+ 26 Kd3 NXfl
27 RXfl R8
lOunOaLOuIhoro IhomOvosOI
LOIhsiOosarovirIuaLy IOrcoO
\hiIo cannOIalIOwhisO¡¡OnonItO
OOminaIo Iho Iilo anO musIroIy On
Iho chockaIIo IO ¡rovonIIhis
LIackin IurnmusIoxchango Ihis
rOOkiIho hO¡os IO mako¡rOgross
1homOvo c4¬ isgonoralIy
unOosiraLIo IOr LIack(oxco¡Ias
a roacIiOn IO\hiIoso4in sOmo
laIorvariaLOns),sincoiIOncoagmn
IoavosIhosIrOngsquaroO4O¡on
IOIho LishO¡anOIho OoIoncoOI
Iho o·¡awnis oasy
28 Rf6+ RXf6 29 eXf6 KfS?
1imo·IrOuLIocOuIOLoros¡OnsiLlo
IOrthis orrOr, LuIIho OiIticuIuosOI
IhoonOingarocIoarIrOmIhoIacI
IhaIOnoOtIho wOrIOs LosI¡Iayors
can mishanOloiI LIackhasa
winninggamohoro, Locauso tho
whiIo ¡assoO¡awns, tOrmiOaLlo
IhOughIhoylOOk, arooasíly
LIOckaOoOLyhisking lis rOOk
canIhorotOrocOmoquicklyinIO
¡Iay anO su¡¡OrIhis mOLiIo ¸·siOo
ma|OriIy, OraIIackIhoOIhorwhito
¡awns luLnors misIakoisIO Iry
anO uso hiskingactivoIy, insIoaO OI
roIyingOnhisrOOkIOOOIho
aIIacking. 1horosuIIis IhaIhosOOn
hasIO wasIoamOvo
PtIor¿¬ . lI7|LIackinIonOs
. lod-o4 againsI¡assivo¡Iay, o g
3ULc3 lod 3Ì LO¿ lo4
3¿ LoÌ lgo 33g3 (hois shOrIOI
mOvos - 33 Lo la4 isLaOanO
33 L·co L·co OOosnOIhoI¡)
c4¬ 34lO¿ c3¬ 3o lO3
(3o l·c3 l·o3¬ 3o lO¿ l·a3
iswOrso, whiloiI 3olo¿ O4) c¿
3oLO¿ lc4 37 Lcl Lo
3dlO¿ lg4 3¬l·c¿ l·g3
4ULO¿ lh3 anO wins
Ïnviow OIIhis, \hiIomusIIako
sOmoacIiOntO OosIrOyIhoLlack
¡awns, LuIIhorOOkissIiIIIOO
gOOO tOr him (a) 3Uo4 c4¬
3 Ì lO4 O·o4 anOnOw
(i) 3¿ l·c4 lOd 33LO4 (nOIhing
oIso sIO¡s Iho ¡awn) Lo¬ 34 lc3
(34 lco ao 3og3 lgo is
Zugzwang) ao anO\hiIo cannOI
lOng¡rovonI lO3¬,
(u) 3¿l·o4 lOd anOiI
33 lIo lOo¬ 34lo4 lO¿,OriI
33 LO4 lgo 34lo3 lod¬
3o lO¿ lo4 3oLI¿ Lo
37 LoÌ lO4¬, OriI 33 LO4 lgo
34 lo3 lod¬ 3olO¿ lo4
¿UÌ
3oLI¿ Lo 37LoÌ lO4¬
anO . lO3.ÏIhoro 34 loo lod¬
3o lOo Lo anO lo¿
(L) 3UL·co L·co 3Ì o4 (nO
IimoIOr 3Ì a4 LocausoOI
3 Ì lLd 3¿ La3` lL3 ¬) lLd
3¿ LcÌ c4¬ 33lO4 O·o4
34 l·o4 lOd 3o lto lOo¬
3o lo4 lOÌ anOwins
30 bXcS bXcS 3 1 a4!
lighLghIingIho OiIIoronco, Iho
LIack rOOk is mOmonIatiIyIoss
oItochvoLocausothoI·¡awnisnOt
socuroIyhoIO ÏInOw 3Ì lLd
3¿ La3 lL3¬ 33 lc¿ l·a3``
34 I7 wins LIack musIIhoroIOro
mako anOIhorkingmOvoLoIOroho
canhO¡o IO uso hisrOOkaggros·
sivoIyPI|orIhaIIhovariaIiOnsIonO
IOLranchinIOIwO OiIIoronIty¡os.
(i) IhoOnowhichacIualIy OccurroO
inIho gamo,whoro LlackgoIs
a sIrOng, LutLIOckaOoO,¡assoO
¡awnanOisIhoroaIIorIryingIO
IOrco\hitoinIOZugzwanganO
(u) IinoswhoroLIackwinsIho
LishO¡IOrhisc·¡awn,LuIhasIO
¡ormiIIhowhiIokíngIOmarchu¡
thoLOarOanOsu¡¡OrIIhrooIar·
aOvancoO¡assoO¡awns1hoso
¡OsíIiOns a¡¡oarIO LomOsIIy
Orawn
3 1 . . . Rea
PnOthorwayís3Ì lgo
3¿La3 c4¬ 33 lO4 lLb
34l·Ob lL3 3b Lcl
(3bLcb c3 3oloo c¿ 37I7 lLb)
c3 3oo4 lLl 37 La3 c¿
3b ob lO̬ 3¬ loo anOLIackís
Lost aOvísoO IOsoIIIoIOr aOrawLy
3¬ . loÌ 4U LL¿ lo¿ oIc
(4Ì lo7 l·ob¬, Or 4Ì lOo lI7)
lIho ¡Iays 3¬ c I /¸
4UL·cl l·cl 4Ì lo7 IOlIOwoO
LyooanO sOOn o7, homaystlI
Oraw (Ly koo¡ing his rOOkLohinO
Iho o·¡awn), LuIIhísis corIainIy
mOroOangorOus.¯homOvochOson
givossIrOngorLackingIO Iho
c·¡awn
32 Ba3 Kg6 33 e4
loaOingIO ty¡o(u)aLOvo \aitíng
mOvosgivoarOOkvs ¡awns
onOingsimilarIO Iho Onomtho¦asI
nOIo,o g. 33 lc3 c4 34lO4 c3
3b l·Ob c¿ 3oo4 (nOt
3oLcI lOb¬ 37loo Locauso
hiso·¡awnís IottinIhoIurch -
37 . lOl 3b La3 lol anO wíns)
c I /¸ 37 L·cI l·cl 3bob anO
agamaOrawrosuIIs,thOugh\hito
hasIO LoaLiIcaroIuIthisIimo
3b lOl¬ 3¬lo4' (LuInOI
3¬loo loÌ 4UlOb lI7
4Ì lO4 loo 4¿ go l·ob
43g7 lOb¬ anO lOb,
winni:g) lo̬ 4UlI4 lI7
4 Ì lIb lI l ¬ 4¿ lo4 loo
43go lo̬ 44lI4 lI I ¬
4b lo4 lol¬ anO LIackhasnO
mOroIhan¡or¡otua¦ chock Vory
Oi¡IícuItvariauOnsIO assossanOíIis
harOIysur¡rísingthaI¯ímman
chOsoanOIhorIino
33 . . . e4+ 34 Kd4 dXe4
35 KXe4 e3 36 Kd3 e2 37 Be 1
(Liagram 3)
lOtOIcOurso 37 lO¿ lc4 oIc
¯hoIinaI¡hasoOIthis onOingis
os¡ocíaIIyOiIIicuIItO anaIyso,anO
amassOIvariaIiOnswí¦IOnIy
cOntuso IhoissuolIisLosItackIoO
LyIírsIsIaIíng anumLorOI
¡rincí¡Ios aLOuIIhovaríOusIy¡os
OImOrooIomonIary¡OsítiOnswhích
may ariso
( I ) oíncothoLIackkingsmOLiIíIy
íslimiIoO,hocanOn¦y aIIom¡tIO
winLyaItackíngIho a·¡awnOrIho
l·siOo¡awnswithhisrOOk ¯ho
rOOks scO¡o is ¦imitoO, hOwovor,
OnaccOuntOIIhoLIOckoO¡OsiuOn
OnthaIwíng ( lc4anO . lcb-Ib
aroIhoOnIy¡OssiLi¦:tos)
(¿) lohasIOOociOowhoIhortOlx
Iho whíto a·¡awn On a4 (Ly ab),
whoroiI cannOILo ¡rOtocIoOLy
thoLíshO¡,LuIwhonhísOwn
Diagram 3
¿U¿
a·¡awnwiIILovulnoraLIo, Or¡Iay
. . ao, koo¡mghisOwn¡awnsaIo,
LuIalIOwing\hiIoIO¡Iayao
( 3) ÏI\hiIolOsoshis a·¡awn,ho
musIkoo¡IOur¡awnsOnIho
l·siOo IO Oraw (Iho h·¡awn is
awkwarO IO OoIonO, uhois
invOIvoO On IhoOIhorwing,LuI
g3¬LI4 is anaOoquaIoOotonco)
(4) lILOIha·¡awnsaro Iakon,
\hiIo canOrawwiIhIhroo ¡awns
OnIhol·siOo(LyLoÌ IO OotonOIho
h·¡awn).
(o) lI\hiIocanhOIOhisa·¡awn,
hocan saIo¦y aLanOOn IhoLack
g·¡awn.
(o) lI\hiIoIOsoshish·¡awnanO
his Lackg·¡awnhowiLIOso,unIoss
hocanwin IhoLIack a·¡awnanO
makohisOwn a·¡awn OangorOus
(sooIhonOIoIO\hiIos 4bIh mOvo).
(7) LL¿¬gois ausoIuIcOunIor·
aIIacking Oovico,iIIhoLIackking
sIraysIO oo
ÏnIhonoxIIowmOvosu¡IOIho
Iimo·cOnIrOIaIlO4UIho ¡layors
aro ¡rOLaLlyIryingIO avOiO
cOmmiItmg IhomsoIvosLoIOroIho
aO|OurnmonI
37 . . . Rc6
37 . . lco,hoaOingIOr to, isan
a¦Iornauvo¯hon IhorogrOu¡mg
lO¿anO LL¿issausIacIOryIOr
\hiIo, LuIho musILo carotuI
3blO¿` lIo 3¬ l·c¿ lI¿¬
4UlO3 l·g¿ anOhoIOsosoiIhor
Iho a· OrIho h·¡awninIhoIacoOI
IhoIhroaI lg4 ¯hosaIosIway
is 3b g3 lI7 (waiLng,iI 3b . lIo
3¬ l·c¿ lI3 4ULI4, OriI
3b . lao 3¬l·c¿ l·a4,
IoaOing IO IhoIy¡oOI¡OsiLOn
whicha¡¡oarsin aIaIornOIo
¸(3)aLOvo]) 3¬lO¿, wiIhLL¿IO
IOIIOw
38 g3 Rc7 39 Kd4 Rd7 +
40 Kc3 Rc7+ 41 Kd4 Kf7
42 Kd3
LIacknOwmakosu¡his minOanO
IixosIhoa·¡awns.lI ho cOnImuosIO
waiI,\hiIohasIOIakocaronOIIO
sIray IOOIarwiIhhisking,whon Iho
rOOk cOmos IO co. lI,o. g 4¿ . . lco,
\hiIoshOuIO¡IayoiIhor 43ao Or
43lO¿,LuInOI 43lO4` lto
44lO3 lI3¬ 4ol·c¿ l·g3
wiIh lg4IO IOl¦Ow (ln tacI
4¿ao wOuIOhavoLoonIho
sim¡¦osIwayIO hOIOIho¡OsiIiOn,
aIIor Llacks noxImOvoIho gamois
sLlI Orawn, LuI\hiIois running
Ihings raIhor cIOso )
PIIor4¿ lco 43ao lco
44lO¿ (Or 44lO4 lcd
4olO3 lco anO 4olO¿ is
IOrcoO anyway) lco
4olO3 l·ao 4ol·c¿ lLo
givosusanoxam¡IoOIIhoonOmg
whoroLIackssmgIo ¡assoO ¡awn
i
¸
|usIinsuIIicionIlomusIkoo¡Iho
kingcuIOII,iIhohO¡osIO win,LuI
IhonIhokinganOLishO¡can
OrganisoaOoIoncoP likoIy
cOnLnuaLOn wOuIO Lo 47 LO¿ ao
4bLcÌ a4 4¬La3 lL3
oULOo loo oÌ LI4 lLo
¿U3
o¿Lc ¡ lL7 o3LL¿' (IhoOnIy
chanco,his ¡assoO ¡awns savo him
Ly IhroaIoning o4 go) lI7
o4 La3| (anOIhor suLIIo ¡OinI,
o4LcÌ IOsosLy o4 lL3
ooLI4 loo ooLc7 lL7 anO
o7 a3,LuInOw o4 . . lL3
oo LOo loo ooLI4 IransIorsIho
mOvo IOLIack anO Oraws -
oo lL7 o7Lc Ì oIc ¯hisis
amuIua!Zugzwang, LOIhsiOos
LoingshOrIOImOvos| ) lLo (Iho
IasIIryis an oxchango sacriIico, LuI
Iho¡awnonOingissIilIOn!ya
Oraw) oo LL¿ loo oogo l·L¿¬
o7 l·L¿ l·Io obla3 wiIha
Diagram ÷
Oraw Locauso IhowhiIoking
roachost Ì , as can oasiÍy Lo
chockoOloIurningIO Iho gamo
42 . . . as 43 Kd4 Rea
l¦anning . lco-IoaI|orIhokingis
IOrcoOLack 43 loo isIoss
gOOOas awaitingmOvoIOr
roasOns alroaOyinOicatoO, viz Iho
¡OssiLiLIy OIaOangorOus go, whon
thoLishO¡hassoIt¦oOOnIho¦Ong
OiagOnaÍ
44 Kd3 ReS (Liagram4) 45 Kd4
4o lO¿ lc4 amOuntstOIho samo
thing
45 . . . R£5 46 Kd3 R£3 +
47 KXe2 RXg3 48 Bd2
LtcOurso\hito mustcOuntor·
aIIackas quickÍy as ¡OssíL¦o, anO
nOwIhoOLviOus 4b lg4 givos
OnÍy aOraw altor 4¬ L·ao l·h4
(Or4¬ l·a4 oULoÌ )
oUlL3 lg4 (oU lhÌ -aÌ is nO
im¡rOvomonI) o l Lc7 l·go
o¿ao lco (IOrcmgIhoLishO¡ OII
OnoOItho im¡OrIant OiagOna¦s, LuI
IO nO avaíÌ) o3 LLo lco (Or
o3 lc l o4ao laÌ ooa7 h4
oolL4,Ihroatoning o7Lao,anO
LIackmustsacriÍicohisrOOk)
o4lL4 h4 oo lLo lcd (Or
Diagram b
oo h3 ooLgl lc Ì
o7 Lh¿ lc¿ obLOo h¿
o¬L·h¿ l·h¿ oUao wiIh
a Oraw) ooao h3 o7LgÌ anO
aOrawisinovitaLIo Ïnviow OIthis
LIack cOnImuos tO tosthis
O¡¡OnonI wiIh
48 . . . Rg2 49 Ke3
lOI 4¬lO3` lg4
oUL·ao l·h4 anOwins Iho
a·¡awn
49 . . . KeG!
lOIasinnOconIasi I IOOks' \ith
Ihoking OnosIo¡noarorIho¸·siOo,
tho OangorIrOm\hiIosa·¡awnis
roOucoO, anOhis Own throaI
¿U4
OI lg4LocOmosotIocIivo¯hus,
it oULoÌ , cOvoringIhoh·¡awn
anOsIíLaimingat LIacks a·¡awn,
lo¿ ol LO¿ lo4 o¿lL3 l·h4
o3 L·ao lg4 o4 Lc7
(o4LO¿ h4, naIural¦y) l·go
oo ao LIackhas oo lO7,
winning oasiÍywithhis¡assoO
¡awnPgain\hitosOn¦yhO¡ois
tO ox¡ÍOiItho Oark siOo Ot . loo
50 Kd3!
1hisLoautitulIy¡rocisoOoIonco
hOIOs tho Oraw
50 . . . Rg4 5 1 BXa5 RXh4
(Liagram o) 52 g6! R3+
ÏIo¿ l·a4 o3I7 lI4
o4LL4 h4 oo lo3' (onIoríng Iho
squaroOIIhoLIack ¡awn) Oraws
ÏILIackIrioso3 . 1o7 horo,
o4LLo(-co)aIsOOraws
53 Kc4 KX£6 54 Bd8+ KXg6
55 aS
LncomOroIhoLishO¡isas gOOO
asIhorOOk
55 . . . K£7
1hoOnIy¡OssiLIo wínnmgchanco
isIO LIOckIhowhiIo¡awnwíIhhis
king,LuIhohasIOO IarIO gO
56 a6 KeG
Ïtoo lob o7Lao anO LIackhas
IO scramLIoLackwíIh hís rOOktO
Oraw (o7 lh¿-c¿¬),iIis LosIIO
Ioavo Iho rankO¡oninOrOorIO
answor o7 Lao Ly . lg3-gb
57 a7 Ra3 58 Bb6 Kd7
ob h4 o¬lL4 aIsO OLLgos
LIackIO sacriIicohisrOOk
59 Kb4 RXa7 (Or o¬ . lao
oUlLo) Y
-
Y
.
GAME 52 \hiIo ´arcia LIack. lar¡Ov
laOriO, Ì ¬73 oicLanLoIonco
LnoOIIhoharOosIty¡osOIonOgamoIO assosscOrrocIIyisIwOmmOr
¡iocos agmsI arOOkanO ¡awnOrIwO¡awns mIhomiOOIo·gamoIhoIwO
¡iocos wÙ OIIonLo¡roIorroO, LuIintho onOgao Iho rOOk cOmos mIO his
Own anO,os¡ociaIÌym awiOo·O¡on¡OsiIiOn,may sOmoLmos OuIshino
aLishO¡ anOknighIovonwiIhOuIa¡awnma|Ority
ÌIhisty¡oOIsiIuaLOn,hOwovor, a¡auOlLíshO¡s canLoavoryOiIIoronI
maIIor, anOin Iho¡rosonIgamoIhoy shOw cIoarIyIhoir su¡oriOrity Ovor
LishO¡ anOknighI, which OI|on havoOiIIicuItyincOmLin¡ngIOgoIhor
oIIocLvoIy
1 e4 c5 2 N£3 e6 3 d4 cXd4
4 NXd4 a6 5 Bd3 N£6 6 0-0 d6
7 c4 Qc7 8 Qe2 g6 9 f4 Bg7
10 Kh1 0-0 1 1 Nc3 b6
12 Bd2 Bb7 13 N£3 Nc6
14 Rac1 Rae8 15 Qf2 Ng4
16 Qg1 f5 17 eX£5 gX£5
18 h3 Nf6 19 Nd5 Qd8
20 QXb6 QXb6 21 NXb6
(Liagram Ì ) Ne4!
laIhorIhanca¡IuroIhoinIruOmg
knighIaImOvo Ì ¬, whichwOuIO
havoO¡onoOu¡ IhoLnostOr
\hiIos¡iocos,os¡ocíaI¦y his
¸·rOOk,lar¡OvhassacruícoOhis
woakL·¡awnIOOLIamacIivo¡Iay
tOrhisOwn IOrcos, anO alsO
Diagram !
¿Uo
a¡assoO¡awn.
22 BXe4
LIackgoIssOmo aOvanIago aIIor
Ihis,LuIiIisnOIcIoarIhaI ¿¿ Lo!
ismyLotIor, LIackwOuIOIhon
rogainhis¡awnwiIhIhoLoIIor
gamo Ly ¿¿ . . lco' (¡rOIocLng
Iho LishO¡, nOI ¿¿ . L·L¿`
¿3lLÌ Lg7 ¿4lO7)
¿3Lc¿ L·L¿ ¿4lLÌ Lg7
¿olO7 (Or ¿ola4 lo7
¿ol·co O·co anOLIacksIanOs
LoIIor)anOnOwoiIhor ¿o . . l·O7
¿ol·L7 lco ¿7lc7 lcd Or
¿o lI7 ¿o l·co O·co
¿7La4 lcd ¿d L·co L·co
¿¬loo L·oo 3U I ·oo lL7 wiIh
a¡Ius IO LIackin LOIhcasos. Ïn Iho
IasIIino LIacks LishO¡is amuch
LotIor¡iocoIhan \hiIos, iIcan
osIaLIishiIsolIaIo4 anOcOmLino
oIIocIívoIywiIh arOOkagaínstg¿
22 . . . fXe4 23 NgS
loroIhoknighIgoIsinIO IrOuLIo,
as\hitoOOuLIIoss a¡¡rociaIoO,
LuIiIIoaOsIOa cOm¡licaIoO
siIuaLOn,whoroas ¿3 loÌ wOulO
Ioavohímm aLaO ¡OsitiOnwithnO
cOuntor·chancos, o g ¿3loÌ lO4
(IhroaIons ¿4 lo¿ anO
¿o . lg3¬) ¿4lI¿ (Or
¿4lOÌ lIo wiIh . lg3 ¬
Or o3 IOIOLOw) lIo ¿o Lc3 (Or
¿o lc¿ o3 ¿ol·o3 LO4
¿7l·Io l·Io Orhoro
¿oL·o3 l·o3 ¿7l·o3 LO4)
o3 ¿olIc¿ Lo4 ¿7L·g7 l·g7
anO LIack wins Ihooxchango 1haI
thowhiIorOOkcanLoIra¡¡oOin iIs
OwntorriIOryis a OrasIicil¡usIrauOn
OILIacks¡OIonLaÌhoro
23 . . . Nd8!
¿3 . L·L¿` wiIIsIilInOIOO
LocausoOI ¿4 lLÌ Lg7 ¿o lO7
otc,Lut¿3 . lO4 mìghI soom
amOroacLvowayOIcOvoringIho
o·¡awn.1horoasOnIOr gOing IO Od
ismaOocIoarínthonOtoIO LIacks
¿4Ih
24 Rfel
locansavoIhoknighILy
¿4h4 ho ¿o lh3 L·L¿
¿o lLÌ LO4 LuILIackOLviOusIy
sIanOsmuchLotIorinIhaI caso
24 . . . dS
ÏIIhoknighIhaOgOnoIOO4aI
mOvo ¿3,thon ¿oc·Oo o·Oo
¿o lc7 wOuIOcIoarIyLoacOn·
siOoraLIonuisanconOw,LuIas
¡IayoOtho answorwOuIOLosim¡Íy
¿o ho \hiIonOwsurronOors
IhoIwOknighIsIOr arOOkinIho
hO¡o OImakingsOmoIhingOIhis
oxIra ¡awns On Iho ¸·siOo
25 Nd7 h6
lOI ¿o . lIo ¿og4 anOíI
¿o . O4 ¿7 l·o4
26 NXe4 dXe4 27 NX£8 RX£8
(Líagram ¿)
1homaIoriaIisnOwrOughIy
LaIancoO, anOwohavoIO oxamino
Iho ¡OsiIiOnaIIacIOrsIO OociOowhO
hasIho aOvanIago, whichisnOIan
oasy|OL horo. LIacks¡OsíIiOn
IOOks raggoO wiIh aLhis ¡awns
isOIaIoO,anOIhowhiIoma¡OriIyOn
Diagram <
¿Uo
Ihe ¸·siOe seemsmenacmg LnIhe
OIherhmOLIack aIsOhasa¡asseO
¡awn,which aIIhemOmenIis
resIrainng\hiIeraIherIhan
IhreaIeningIO march,anO aLOveaIÌ
LIack has his LishO¡s1hesehave
LecOmevery¡OwerIuIwiIhIhe
O¡eningu¡OIthe ¡OsiIiOnanOare
suIIícienIIO L¡IhescaIesinIavOur
OIIhesecOnO¡Iayer
laving saiOIhaI,Ihegameis
nevertheIessveryIarIrOm Leing
aclearwin tOr LIack, anOOne Othis
¡rOLIemsísIO IinO (Or create) sOme
weaknessIOrhisLishO¡stOex¡IOiI
leIírsIhasIO givehisaIIenLOnIO
IheresIrmnIOIIhe¸·siOe¡awns,
hOwever
28 b4 BeG 29 a4! ?
POiIIicuI OecisiOnIOhaveIOmake
OverIheLOarO,\hiIereOuceshis
Own ¡OIenIiaIOn Ihewingm OrOer
IOLeriO OIIheannOyingLIack
cente¡awn. lis aÌIemaLvewasIO
su¡¡OrIhis ma|OriIywiIh ¿¬lLÌ
(¿¬ Lo a·Lo 3Uc·Lo L·Lo
3 Ì l·e4 Lco anO . . LOo is
inIeriOr - IheLIack ¸·LishO¡
wOuIOIinO anices¡OIaIOoanO
theOIherLIack¡ieceswOuIOa¦sO
cenIraIisera¡iOIy) 1henwehave
¿¬ . lIo 3U lgÌ (nOI
3Ug4`` e3¬ anO . e·O¿)
LO4¬ 3 Ì Le3' (sacrmcmga¡awn
tO exchangeOne OIIheLíshO¡s -
iI 3Ì lh¿ eo 3¿Lo a·Lo
33 c·Lo LOo anOnOw
(a) 34I ·eo L·eo¬
3olgÌ L·a¿, (L) 34g4 l·I4'
3 o L·I4 e·I4 3olLOÌ leo,
(c) 34a4 e·I4 3oao e3
3oLL4 L·g¿| 37l·g¿ I3¬,
( O) 34g3 e·I4 3oL·I4 L·a¿
wiIh aOvanIageIOLIackmevery
case) L·e3¬ 3¿l·e3 l·I4
33Lo a·Lo 34c·Lo LOo anO
Ihe¡OsiIiOnissIiLuncIear,LuIIhe
eIimmaIiOnOIOne OIIheLishO¡s
wOuIOseem IOhavem¡rOveO
\hiIes ¡rOs¡ecIs LIcOurseLIack
neeOnOIcheckaIO4anOIOsehis
LishO¡, LuIIhen cOmesg4tOr
\hiIe anOaIIeasIhegeIs sOme
acLviIyLyIOrcing Lo Ps ¡IayeO
IheinOuecIexchange OIhis cente
¡awnincreases Ihe scO¡e OI
LIacksLishO¡sevenmOre
29 . . . BXa4
lOwthatIhea·¡awnisIenOingíIs
weighI LIack musI ca¡Iure,íI
¿¬ eo 3U Lo a·Lo
3 Ì a·Lo| LL7 3¿I ·eo L·eo
33co anO\hiIesIanOsLetIer
30 RXe4 BeG 31 Re2 hS
32 Kh2 h4
\hiIesgameis sIrangely ¡assive
aIÌ OIa suOOen. lis ¡awnma|OriIy
is LIOckaOeO since LIack has
lIo Uhewishes, anOiIhe OOes
nOIhing LIackwiLgraOum y
cOnsOIiOaIe anO strengIhenhis
gameaIOngIheI¡nes OI lIo,
lI7-Oo-e4eIc
33 g3 hXg3+ 34 KXg3 Kh7
35 Be3{ ! )
¿U7
1ryingIO exchangeOne OIthe
LishO¡s anOreIyng OnIhe IacI IhaI
3o l·I4` OOes nOI wOrkPIIer
3o l·I4 Lho¬ 37 leo L·cÌ
3blOo LI4¬ 3¬lco L¦ack wiJ
Le Iucky IO Oraw.
35 . . . BhG 3G Rf
1hemOreacIive·IOOkmgOeIence
3o Leo resuIIsinIhe exchange OI
IheLishO¡aIIer3o . . lI7 37Lc7
(Or 37Lc3 lOo anOIheknighI
cOmessIrOngIyinIO¡IayviaIoOr
e4) lcd 3bLeo l·eo
3¬ l·eo lgb¬ 4UlI¿ lg¿ ¬|
(4U . L·I4 4Ì l·eo L·cÌ
4¿l·co is nOIcIear)
4Ì lIÌ lgo anO LIacksIanOs
Diagram 3
LoIIor
36 . . . Rg8+ 37 Kh2 N£7
(Liagram 3) 38 Be5
1OstO¡ . . lOo-lboIc. LOIh ¡Iayors
mayhavoLoonshOrIOILmo, anO
\hiIo aIIoasI assumoO IhaIho
cOuIOnOtIakoatoo Locauso OlIho
OíscOvoroO chock. lOwovor, ho
mayhavomissoOachancohoro,
aIIor (3b l·oo) lg¿¬
(3b lOb 39lo7 ¬) 39lhl ,
whaI can LIackOO`
(a) 39 . . lI¿ ¬ 4Ul·co (4UlgÌ
wiIIalsO OO) l·I Ì ¬ 4Ì lg¿
shOuIOLoa Oraw
(L) 39 lOb` 4Ul·co wins
(c) 39 LL7 4Ulo7 wins.
(O) 39 Lab 4Ul·ao Lo4
(4U . la¿ ¬ 4l l·ab l·ab anO
LIack wiI¦corIainIynOtwin)
4Ì loo anOthoLishO¡canLo
¡or¡oIuaIIy aIIackoO
(o) 39 lgo¬ 4Ul·co l·co
4Ì cb (¡rOLaLIy LIacks Lost)LuI
nOwLIackisin nO¡OsitíOnIO sIO¡
lLl anOLb, oxchangíngOIItho
¦asI¡awn,alIorwhíchIhowin
wOuIOLo¡rOLlomaIica¦,IO say tho
IoasI
38 . . . NXe5 39 fXeS Bg7
¯hroaIoning4U. . L·ob ¬
40 Rf7
Pn aggrossivoaItom¡I IO achíovo
cOuntor·¡IayIOrhís rOOks ¯ho
quioIor Oolonco 4UlloÌ maywoII
havomOrotO rocOmmonOit, o g
4U LIb 4l ¯LÌ Lho 4¿lI l , Or
4Ì LI3 4¿lI¿ anO LIack goIs
nOwhorowiIhhis LishO¡
manOouvros lrOLaLIyhis LosII¡no
in IhaI casowOu¦O Lo 4U lIb,
aimingaI llb Or ll4wiIh
íncroasoO¡rossuroOntho ¡awns
40 . . . Kh6
1hosim¡Ioun¡inningmOvohígh·
IíghIsIhoOisaOvanIagoOI\hiIos
Occu¡aIiOnOIIho sovonIh1ho
rOOkcannOtnOwaIIackanyIhing
(say 4Ì lc7)Locauso 4Ì . LI3 is
OovasIaIing (4¿ lo3 L·ob¬)
oincoLIackisstíLthroaIoning Iho
o·¡awnanO sinco 4Ì lII¿ lOsos
thoL·¡awn aItor4l . lLb tho
OnIymOvois
41 h4
whichunIOrIunatoIyox¡Ososthis
¡awnIOIho aIIonIiOns OlIhoLIack
king,anOuIIimaIoIyIOsosiI.
41 . . . K5 42 K3
Ïl 4¿la7 Lho 43lI¿ (hocannOI
sIanO . LI4¬ anO lg3¬) lg4
44l·ao l·h4¬ 4blg3 l·c4
anO LIackshOuIOwín.
¿Ub
lI 4¿lc7 LI3 43lo3 lg4'
44la7 Lho wiIh aIorrilic aIIack,iI
Ihon 4b l·I3 l·I3
4ol·ao LI4¬ 47 lhÌ lg4 is
amaLngaIIack (4bla3¬ Lo3
49la¿ l·h4¬ bUlh¿ l·h¿¬
b Ì l·h¿ LO¿ b¿Lb Lo3 wins
cOmIOrIaLly)
42 . . . Be8 43 Ra7 Bg6
44 RXa6 Bd3
¯híswayhoIakosthosIingOuIOI
\hiIos¡awnaOvancosOnIho
¸·síOoanOsocuros ausolul¡OsI
IOrhimsolIaI Ob.
45 Rf2!
1hisrOOk can LousoOin amOro
acLvowayIhanIhoOoIonsivo
4b lo3, sinco4b L·ob is nOw
inIoriOraIIor 4ol·oo lg3¬
47 lh¿, whonLlackcan achiovo
nOIhing wiIhhis OiscOvoroO chocks
45 . . . BXc4 46 Ra3 (Liagram4)
Lr 4olab lLb 47 lL¿
(47lI7 lgo) LLb, winnlngIho
o·¡awn
46 . . . Bh6?
lar¡OvavOiOs 4o . L·ob,
¡orha¡sLocausoOI 47lab LOb`
4bl·Ob o·Ob 49l·Ib ¬, Lut
instoaO LIackhas47 . lg3¬
4blh¿ lo3¬ (4b . . LOb is ovon
sIrOngor) anOhomusILowinnmg.
Vory sIrangoIOrsucha¡IayorIO
miss Ihis, os¡ociaLy sinco ho cOuIO
harOIy havo Loon shOrI OIImo aI
mOvo4o
47 Rg3 Ra8
LIackavOiOsIhorOOkoxchango IOr
IhoIimoLoingIOrIwO gonoraI
roasOns. IirsIIy, IhoIwO LishO¡s wiII
cOmLino vory woL wiLIho rOOk m
atIackingIho onomy kinganO,
socOnOly, Iho LlackrOOkwJlLo
voryoIIoctivoin attackingtho
isO¦aIoO¡awns,whoroasIho
LishO¡s aIOnowOuIOIinOitharOIO
goItO gri¡s wiIhIhom
oOmocuriOusvariatiOnscOuIO
arisoaItor47 lLb
(a) 4blL¿` LI ̬ 49lh¿ LI4
(L) 4blIo l·L4 49lggo LI̬
bU l·I I l·go bÌ lIo¬ wms
IhoIasI¡awnanOshOulOOraw
ÌnLno(L)LIackcanIry
49 LI4(' ) bUl·I4` (Or
bUl·oo` LI ̬ bÌ lg¿ lL3
maIo) l·go anOIhoIasI¡awnis
saIo. lOwovor, bUlg¿ LOb¬
b Ì lI Ì lL¿ b¿l·oo Lc4¬
Diagram ÷
b3 lol sIi¦lIoavos Ihings uncIoar.
48 Rf7
ÏI 4blIo la¿' (inIonOing lo¿
Or . lL¿u\hiIosIays¡assivo)
49lggo LI̬ bUl·I Ì
(bUlg3 lg¿ ¬) l·go
b Ì lIo¬ lhb b¿ lg3
(b¿l·oo` LI4' wms) la3¬
b3 lg¿ lao anO LIack shOuIOwin
48 . . . Ral 49 R7 (1hroatons
maIo' ) Rl + 50 Kg2 RXh4
5 1 Kgl
¿U9
loroaLOuts LIackhassOmo
OiIIicuItymOisonIangLng hisl·siOo,
IOroxam¡lohis rOOkis rosIrictoOIO
thoh·IiIoIOrIhotimoLomgIO stO¡
lh3¬ ¯homOvo¡IayoOmakosiI
oasyIOrhimLyauOwmgb l Lo¿
bl lI¿ wOuIO corIainIyhavogivon
L¦ack sOmo tOugh ¡rOLIoms IO
sOIvo,o. g
(a) bÌ lI4¬ b¿lg¿ LI̬
b3 lgÌ lh4` b4 lgo wins
(L) bÌ 1Ob b¿Lb Lo4
b3 lhb lh¿¬ b4lgÌ lh̬
bb lI¿ LIb bo lL3 lg4
b7 lgb¬ lI4 bbLo lh¿¬
b9lg¿ l·g¿ ¬ oUl·g¿ Lo4¬
ol lI¿ LL7 o¿lc3 wiIh aOraw
ÏIhoIriosbÌ . LLb,aimingIO
Diagram b
makohís wayIO g4via od, goanO
lo, Ihon o¿ Ho7 Orivos Iho LishO¡
Lack
5 1 . . . Be2 52 Kf2 Bg4
53 b5 Bf5
lOwIhaIh3iscOvoroO,wiIhgain
OlIom¡O, thoLIackrOOkcan cOmo
LohinOIho ¡assoO¡awn
54 R8 Rb4 55 Rg1
Ìl ooHLd HL¿¬ oolgÌ lh4
anO LIackgoIsasIrOngaIIack
o7 Ha3 (ílho¦oavosIhoIhítOrank
o7 Lo3¬ IoaOs IO maIo) Ll4
od Ha4 (od Hhd¬ lgo
o¬Hgd¬ lho anOLIackwinsIho
o·¡awn) lg4 o¬Hgd¬
(o¬Lo ll3 winsasinIhomain
¦íno) ll3 oUHa3¬ (Or
oUHaÌ Lo3¬ oÌ lhl Lo4 wins)
Lo3¬ oÌ lhÌ (oÌ ll l Hh¿) Lo4
anO wins
55 . . . Rb2+
PIIhis¡OintL¦ackistryingtO
oxchangorOOks,smcoIho
nocossiIy IOLroakIho gri¡ OlIho
whiIorOOksisnOwmOroim¡OrIanI
IhanIho cOnsiOoratOnsmonLOnoO
inthonOIotO LIacks 47Ih
56 K£3 Rb3+ 57 Kf2 Be4
PgaínIhroaIoningthoL·¡awn.
58 Rg3 Rb2+
locOuIOoxchangorOOks
ímmoOiaIoIy,Lutgivos\hiIoIho
chancoIO ¡¦ay oUHg¿, alIorwhích
hiskingisIolIOnosquarolurIhor
LackoooIhonOIoIO\hiIo soUIh
59 Kg 1 Bf5 60 Rg2
1ho¡OinIisIhaI\hiIosOnIy OIhor
loasiL¦omOvohoro, oUHLd, IoaOs
LackínIOIho¦OsingvariaLOns
OuIIInoOinIhonOIoIOhis ooIh
mOvo
60 . . . RXg2+ 61 KXg2
(Líagram o)
LIackisnOwina¡OsiIiOnIO¡ick
u¡Iho o·¡awnquiIooasily,alIor
whichOnomighIox¡ocIIhowinIO
LosIraighIlOrwarO lOwovor,
thoL·¡awnwiI¦havosOmothingtO
say aLOuI IhaI 1hoinOicaLOns aro
IhaIIhis ¡awnis sO sIrOngIhaInO
winis¡OssiLlogivonIhoLosI
OoloncoLy\hiIo
61 . . . Be4+ 62 Kg3 Kg6
63 b6 Bd5 64 Rb8
1hisis OoliniIoIyLosI,u
o4 lg4 Lg7 oo Hgd ll7
anO . L·oo, il o4HOd
(throaIoníng oo H·Oo) llo'
oo HO7 Ll4¬ ooll¿ L·oo
o7 L7 lo4' alIorwhichIho
LishO¡s hOIOIho¡awnLack whilo
LIack¡Iays Lco anOIhonLrings
hís kmgrOunOIO¡icku¡ Iho¡awn
(nOIimmoOiaIoIy lO4Locauso Ol
HOd' ).
¿Ì U
1hosIrOngosI¡OsiLOnlOr\hiIo
ísIho OnohoisnOwaimínglOr,
wíIhrOOkaILdanO¡awnaIL7
64 . . . Kf5 65 b7 KXe5
66 Kg4 Be3 67 Kg3 Bg5
PIIhís ¡OmI\hiIo ¡layoO 68 Kf2?
anOalIor68 . . . Be7 0-1 Locauso
il o¬Hod Lco¬ anO 7U L·L7
anO OthorwisohohasnO Oolonco
againsIo¬ . LOo 1hoquostiOnis
whoIhor LIackcOuIOwinagainsI
any Oolonco. Ìn gonoraIhomusIOl
cOursoavOíOrOOkchocks anOany
rOOkmOvowhichwOu¦OatIacka
IOOsoLishO¡ Ìn aOOitOnhomusI
novorIoavoIho ¡awn,lOroxam¡Io
lo4wOuIO¡ormiIlobwiIh
a Oraw lI isharOIy ¡OssiLIoIO
aOvancoIho ¡awnvory tar, sinco it
isnooOoOIO cOvor Ihoking anO tO
¡rOviOosu¡¡Orts lOr Iho LishO¡s
¯ho OnIywinning moIhOO wOuIO
IhorolOrosoomIO LoIO manOouvro
Iho l·LishO¡IO OoanOIhis can
OnIyLoattom¡IoOviao l anOL4,
¡rOviOoOIhowhiIokinghiOoslrOm
asmanychocks as ¡OssiLIo ath3
anOh¿ 1hosquaroO¿wiLnOIOO
lOrIhoLíshO¡LocausoOllOb
lrOmIhosocOnsiOoratOnswo
can¡rOOucotholOIIOwmg
varíatOns
(a) oblg4 Lo3 o¬lh3' (o¬lg3
isaIsO ¡IayaLIo - o¬ . LO¿
7UlOb` LoÌ ¬ wms,LuI
7Ulh3 LL4 7Ì lOb' L·L7
7¿lLb stJIOraws) LO4
(o¬ . Ll¿ 7Ullb) 7Ulh¿ LLo
7 Ì lcb L·L7 7¿lLb wiIh
a Oraw
(L) oblg4 Llo o¬lg3' (anOnOI
o¬lh3` llb' Zugzwang' ,
o¬lhb llb 7Ulho ob isa¦sO
LaO) llb 7Ull¿ (tOrcoO,
7Ulh3 Lo4 is Zugzwangagain)
LO4¬ 7 l lo¿ l�b 7¿lO3 LLo
(7¿ . Lcb 73lcb, Or 7¿ LL¿
73lc¿ La3 74lab) 73lo¿
(73lcb L·L7 74lLb Lo4¬, Or
73lc3 La7 74lab LO4¬ wins)
anO LIackagainmakosnO
¡rOgross
oO\hitohasIOLovorycaoluI
whoroho¡uIs his king, LutwiIh a
cOrroctOolonco ÌcannOtsoohOw
L¦ackovorachíovosanything
GAME 53 \hiIo.liÌos LIack luzm
lasungs, Ì ¬73·4 ´aImanL¡oning
ÏO¦lOwingOntho ´arcia-lar¡OvonOing(lO b¿), Ihís gamoÙustaIosin
quiIo aOrastcwayIhoOillicuILoswhichmaylacoaLishO¡ anOknighIin
Ihoir sIruggIoagainsIanacLvo rOOk, ilIhoy arounaLIoIO cO·OrOmaIo
¡rO¡orIy
1 g3 dS 2 N£3 N£6 3 Bg2 Bg4
4 e4 BX£3 5 BX£3 e6
6 eXdS eXdS 7 d4 Ne6
S Ne3 e6 9 0-0 Be7
10 Be3 0-0 1 1 Rel Nd7
12 Na4 B£6 13 Qd2 ReS
14 NeS NXeS 15 RXeS Qb6
16 Rfel Be7 17 R5e2 RedS
lS a3 aS 19 Bg2 a4 20 £3 NaS
21 Qe3 Nb3 22 Rdl B£6
23 B£2 Rd6 24 e3 Re6
25 Qd3 ReS 26 RXe6 QXe6
¿ l Ì
27 Bel Qe2 2S QXe2 RXe2
29 Be3 Be7 (Liagram l )
PIIhis ¡OinIL¦ackisIhroatoning
L·a3 lohashoIO sOmo
aOvanIagosmcoIhooarIymOOIo·
gamo, anOhaswOrkoOOuIan
invOIvoOcOmLinatìOnaimoOaI
Lroakingu¡ \hiIosLriIt¦o
Oolonsivo tOrmatìOn Ontho ¸·siOo
30 Bf l
lro¡aringoiIhor 3Ì LO3 Or
3 Ì LLb, sOIoaving L¦ackhIIIo
Diagram Ì
chOicoLuItO struoimmoOiaIoIy
30 . . . BXa3 31 Bd3
LIcOurso, 3 l L·a3 l·c3 is
hO¡o¦oss,¦ikowiso 3Ì LLb L·L¿
3¿L·L¿ l·L¿ 33L·a4 lO¿
otc
3 1 . . . RXb2! ?
3 Ì lc l 3¿l·cl l·cÌ
33LLb la¿ 34L·a4
(34 L·a3` l·c3 3b LO3 Lb
winsIOrLIack) l·c3
3b L·c3 LL¿ givosLÌackIow
winning chancos, sOhotrios IOr
mOro,LuIgoIsinIO OiIIicu¦tos as
a rosu¦I
32 BXb2 BXb2 33 Bc2
lOI 33LLl lc Ì 34lI i a3 anO
\hito must oithor ¡¦ay 3b l·cl
wiIhOuImuchchancoin tho¦Ong
run,ins¡iIo OIIho O¡¡OsiIo
LishO¡s,OrmarktmowhiIotho
L·¡awn aOvancos, 3b loÌ wOuIO
¦OsoatIor 3b Lc3¬ 3olI Ì a¿
oIc
33 . . . Nc 1 34 BXa4 Ne2+
35 Kf2 Nc3 36 Rd3! (Liagram ¿)
Ïsthis whaILIack missoO`PItor
3o Lc¿ l·OÌ ¬ 37 L·Ol his
winningchancosaro sÌonOor, LuI
nOw hoisin IrOuLIo LocausoIho
¿ l ¿
minOr¡iocosaroalmOsI¡araÌysoO
36 . . . NXa4 37 Rb3
ÏnIonOing 3dl·L7,wiIha OOuL¦o
throaIOImaIo anO lL4winning
a¡ioco¯acLca̦yIho ¡OsiIiOnis
vory OoLcaIoIy LaIancoO anO
Oo¡onOs OnOnoIom¡O,withOuI
Ihis Iom¡O(iIIhoLIack¡awn woro
OnhoinsIoaOOth7, IOroxam¡Io)
37 . ob wOu¦OIroo LIack.
37 . . . g5
loaOvancosIwOsquarosLocauso
Ihoaimis tO O¡onu¡IhowhO¦o
¡OsiIiOnOnIho l·slOo as sOOnas
¡OssiLÌo inOrOortOIrooIhominOr
¡iocos lOwovor, IhisrosuÌIsina
anumLorOIwoak¡awnswhich
aroIargoIs IOrtho rOOk, anOiI
soomsIhathowOu¦O havo OOno
LoIIor|usIIOLringIhokingu¡IO
Iho conto lOroxam¡Io 37 go
3dl·L7 Lc Ì 3¬lc7 lL¿' anO
4U lc4.ÌIhoro 3¬lLÌ LL¿
4Ulo¿ ob 4Ì lO3 o·O4
4¿ o·O4 lg7 43lc¿ (IhroaIon·
ing 44 lL3) L·O4 44lL4 Lgl
4b l·a4 L·h¿ 4og4 lIo anO
LIackiscorIain¦ynOIIOsing
37. go 3dlL4 Lb
3¬l·Lb Lc Ì 4Ulab (Or
Diagram <
4Ulo¿ lL¿-c4,Or 4UlLÌ LL¿
4Ì loÌ ob 4¿lOÌ Lc3¬
osca¡mg) lLo anO LIackisquiIo
saIo
37 . go 3blo¿ lg7 3¬lO3
(Or 3¬lL4 Lb' ) lIo anOnOw
(a) 4Ulc¿ Lc3 4Ì la3 Lb with
a Oraw, (L) 4UlL4 Lb
4Ì l·Lb La3' 4¿lab lL¿¬
43 lc3 lc4 anO LIack cannOI
IOso
¯hoanaIysisinOicatosIhaILIack
can osca¡o IhoIOssOta¡iocoOn
Iho¸·siOo Ly ahairs LroaOth
Lvon sO, Ihís wOuIOLooxco¡LOn·
aIÌy OíItícuIIIO sooOvortho LOarO,
anOOnocan Iu¦IyunOorsIanOhis
OocísiOnIOIakomOroviOIonI
moasuros.
38 Ke2 e5 39 Kd3 £5 40 Rb4
LoIIorIhan 4Ul·L7 I4 anOnOw.
(a) 4 Ì lL4 I ·o3 4¿ O·ob
(4¿ l·a4 o·O4 wiIhalikoly
Oraw) lcb¬ 43 l·o3 L·ob
44lLb wiIhaOraw,
(L) 4Ì g·t4 g·I4 4¿o·I4 L·O4
again Orawing. PIIorIho mOvo
¡IayoO\hiIogaíns LmoLy
aItackíngIho O·¡awn.
40 . . . b5 41 RXb5 £4
Ït4l La3 4¿ l·Ob
(4¿ lab lL¿¬ 43lc3 lc4
44l·Ob l·o3 is¦oss gOOO)
o·O4 43lab lL¿ ¬ (Or
43 Tcb¬ 44lc4' wíns)
44l·O4 tOJOwoO Ly 4b l·tb
anOLIackís IOsI Ïnviow OtIhís,
LIackrighIIy¡roIors IO suru¡
cOm¡IicaIiOnswiIh 4l I4.
42 RXd5
ÏI 4¿ lL4 I ·o3 43l·a4 o·O4
Or 43O·ob lcb¬, as aLOvo, in
oachcasowiIh a¡rOLaLIoOraw
42 . . . g4 (Liagram3)
lo·OOuLlingIho OiIIicuILos OIIho
¡OsiIiOn PIIornaIívos OOnOIa¡¡oar
IOLoany LoIIor
4¿ I ·o3 43l·ob (nOI
43 O·ob o¿' 44 lO¿ Lc ̬'
4bloÌ lc3 wiIhanuncIoar
¡OsiLOn, nOr 43lab lLo
44O·ob lc4' , in thísIasILno
44l·ob LcÌ isnO LoIIortOr
\hiIo) ho 44l·o3 (nOt
44lab` lLo 4blLb o¿ anO
4o L·O4 wíIh aOraw) anO
\hiIo hasgOOOwinning chancos.
4¿ I ·g3 43l·ob ho (Or
43 g·h¿ 44 l·gb¬ lI7
4b lhb, whíchís wOrsoIOr LIack,
whOIacosthroouniIoO¡assoO
¡awns) 44 h·g3 wiIhawínning
¡OsiLOn - \hiIois nico¦y
cOnsO¦iOaIoOanOtho L¦ack ¡íocos
arosIiIÌín IrOuLIo
4¿ . o·O4 43l·gb ¬ lt7
44o·I4,wiIhasimiIar¡OsíLOnIO
IhaIroachoOin Iho gamoinaIow
mOvos.
4¿ . lLo 43lLb la4
44lL4 o·O4 4bo·O4 winning
a ¡ioco.
43 eX£4
¿Ì 3
lacoOwith ahOsIOI¡OssiL¦o
ca¡Iuros,\hiIomakoswhatis
¡rOLaLIytho LostchOico,
Diagram 3
guarantooinghimsoIIa¡awn rOLor
OnIho l·siOo, whaIovorLIack
OOosPIIornaIivos shOwhOw
caroIulhomustLoiIhoissIiIIIO
win
43lao g·I3 44 l·a4 o4¬'
4 o lO¿ Lc ̬' 4oloÌ I ·o3
47Oo LO¿¬ 4blOÌ Lc3
4¬ l·o4 o¿ ¬ wiIh a Oraw
43I ·g4 o4¬' 44lO¿ I ·o3 ¬
4o l·o3 LcÌ ¬ wiIh a¡rOLaLIo
Oraw PnOIhor¡OssiLiLIyIOrLIack
horois 43 . I ·g3 44h·g3
(44l·oo`` g¿) o·O4
4o o·O4 Lcl , roOucingIho ¡awns
onOughtO makoaOraw
43O·oo I ·g3 44h·g3 g·I3
anO ovoniI \hito can ¡icku¡Iho
I·¡awn, whichis LynO moans
corIain, his ¡awns aroIOO
cOm¡rOmisoO IOr anysoriOus
winning chancos
43l·oo I ·o3 44I ·g4 Lc Ì
with sOmoaOvantagoIO\hiIo
43g·I4 o·O4 44I ·g4 O·o3
again wiIh sOmoaOvanIagoIO
\hiIo
43 . . . eXd4
ÏI43 g·I3 44O·oo (Or
44I·oo) IOlIOwoOLyIhoca¡Iuro
OIthoI·¡awn, anOIho¡assoO
¡awnswiI¦LotOO muchIOr LIack
loca¡IurosaIO4inOrOorIOhavo
IhochockavaiIaLIo aI mOvo4o,
whichcortainIya¡¡oarsIOLo
nocossary,LuIthoquostOnis
whoIhorhocOuIOhavoIakonaIt4
sO astO¦ossonIho l·siOo¡awn
masswhichsOOnthroatons him.
PI|or 43 o·I4 44g·I4 g·t3
4o lao lLo 4olLo I¿
47 lo¿ L·O4 LIackacIualIyhas
Iho aOvanIago,whiIo
44I ·g4 I ·g3 4o h·g3 Lc l is
a¡rOLaLIoOraw.
P criLcaIIinois 44lao anO
¿Ì 4
nOw (a) 44 I ·g3 4oh·g3
(4o l·a4`` g¿) lc3 (4o g·I3
4o l·a4 I¿ 47lo¿ wms,
4o . lLo 4olLo la4 47lL4
wins) 4olc¿ wins a¡iocosaIo¦y,
(L) 44 . . lc3' (wiIhOuIoxchang·
ing¡awns' ) 4olc¿ g·I3'
4o l·L¿ lOl ¬' 47 lcÌ I¿
4blgo ¬ lhb (4b . lI7`
4¬lIo¬ wins) anOLlackwins.ÌI
inIhisIino 4olgo¬ lhb
47 lIo lo¿ OrawsaIloasI, anOiI
4olO¿ I¿ oIc,sO\hiIosLosIis
4oI ·g4 I ·g3 4oh·g3 anOho
sIiIÌhaschancosLocauso|hoLIack
¡iocos aroIhOrOughIyOisOrganisoO
PIIor43 o·t4 44lgo¬ lt7
4ol·g4 I ·g3 4oh·g3 is
\hitosLostchanco,LutaIIoast
L¦ackwOuIOLoaL¦oIO goIhis
¡iocosinIO ¡IayinIhisLno, anOiI
mighIwoLhavoLoonhis LosI
chancoin ¡racIico
44 Ra5
\hiIo cOu¦Oca¡IuroOn g4
immoOiaIoIy, LuIcansaIoIy¡rOLo
IOrawhiÌoOnIho¸·siOo,tryingIO
goImOro.
44 . . . Nb6
44 g·t3 4ol·a4 I¿ 4o lo¿
issaIoIOr\hiIo
45 Rb5 Na4 46 Rb4 Nc5+
47 Kc4 Ba3
¯ho¡OsiIiOnisLrisIIing with Ira¡s,
Onosli¡ IrOmoiIhorsiOocOu¦OLo
immoOiaIoIyIataÍÌIhoro
47 . g·I3 4bl·L¿ lo4
4¬lO3 (4¬l·O4 t¿
oUlLl lO¿) I¿ oUlLÌ wins
48 Rb8+
4bl·co`` O3
48 . . . K£7 49 Ra8 Bb2!
(Liagram 4)
ÏtmusILoIhis squaro, iI 4¬ . LcÌ
oU l·co g·I3 (oU . O3
o l I ·g4 lo7 o¿ la4 LL¿
Diagram ÷
o3 lo4 ¬ anO o4loÌ )
o l laÌ Lo3 (oÌ LO¿
o¿l·O4 I¿ o3lO3 Lo¡ o4lo¿
wins) o¿lc4 loo o3lI Ì I¿
o4lO3 lOo oo g4 lco
oo Io lOo o7lo¿ lc4 obIo
wins.
50 Ra2
ÏI oUl·co` g·I3 anO quoons
50 . . . Be l !
oOIhaInOwtho O·¡awnwOuIOrun
OnaIIor o I l·co, IOrcíng aOraw
5 1 Ral Bb2 52 Rbl Ba3
´Om¡IoIínga¡ocuI¡ar sOrIOtcírclo,
IhorosuIIOIwhichìs thaI\hiIo has
LrOughIhis rOOk trOmL4 alI Iho
wayrOunOanO LackIO LÌ , wíth
Iom¡Ogaín oach Iimo,LuIwiIhOuI
acIuaIÌy LoíngaLÍoIOIakoany·
Ihing' lOwovor,honOw IakosIho
g·¡awn, aItorwhíchIhoavaIancho
mOvos IOrwarOirrosisLLIy. Ïn
aOOiIiOnLlacksOOnhasIO IoIhis
O·¡awn gO, inOrOorIOoxIricaIohis
¡iocos
53 f Xg4 Ne6
ÏIo3 O3 o4lc3' cOntOIsIho
¡awnanOIhroaIons oolaÌ ,
winnínga¡ioco, sO LIackwOuIO
IOsohis¡awnvoryra¡iOIy
54 h4
lOI o4Io lgo ool·O4 lI3¬
¯ho¡OsiLOnis voryunusuaIanO
¡rOLaLIynOIhingI¡koíIís IO Lo
IOunOinIhoIoxILOOks ÏtsOOn
LocOmoscÍoar,hOwovor,IhaIIho
¡awnmass,cOmLinoOwiIhan
acIivorOOkanOkíng, musIsuIIíco
IO win Ïn Iho ovonIIhogamoonOs
quíIo quickIy.
54 . . . Be7 55 f5 Ng7 56 Rf l
1hroaIoning o7Io
56 . . . Bd6 57 Rf3 h6
58 KXd4 h5! ?
LIackIríosIO sIirIhingsu¡anO
IOsos immoOiaIoIy ÏIinsIoaO
od lIo o¬lOo LIb (o¬ . lob
oUlo3 wíns) oUlL3 lob
o l lLo¬ lI7 o¿ go h·go
o3 h·go lc7 ¬ o4loo otc lany
simíIarl¡nos aro ¡OssiLIo, LuILIack
wilIaIways LosquashoO LackanO
wiLulIímaIoIyIOsoa¡íoco,whíIo
Íoaving \hiIowíIh aI¦oasI Ono
¡awn
59 gXh5 BXg3 60 h6
1híswasIho soaIoOmOvoanO 1-0
OvorníghI 1hoIíníshisatOrcoO
soquonco oU . ího o I h7 lg7
o¿ Io¬' l·h7 o3 I7 LOo
o4Ib/¸ L·Ib ool·Ib anOwins
GAME 54 \híIo lorenyi LIack Larczay
lungarian ´ham¡iOnshi¡, Ì ¬77 oiciÌian Lolonco
1 e4 cS 2 N£3 e6 3 d4 c Xd4
4 NXd4 Nc6 5 Nc3 a6
6 Be3 Qc7 7 £4 bS
8 NXc6 QXc6 9 Be2 Ba3
10 Bd4 BXb2 1 1 NXbS aXbS
12 BXb2 QXe4 13 BXg7 QXg2
14 B£3 QXg7 15 BXa8 Qc3+
16 Ke2 BaG 17 Qd3 Qc8
18 Qd4 QXa8 19 QXh8 Qe4+
20 Kd2 QX£4+ 21 Kc3 Qc4+
22 Kb2 Qb4+ 23 Kc1 Q£4+
24 Kb1 Ke7 25 Qc3 N£6
26 Kb2 NdS 27 Rafl Qb8
28 QcS+ d6 29 Q£2 Qh8+
30 c3 QXc3+ 3 1 Kb1 Qb4+
32 Ka1 Qc3+ 33 Qb2 QXb2+
34 KXb2 (Liagram l )
Pn onuro artíc¦o mighILoOovOtoO
IOIhocOm¡IoxíIiosOlIhis O¡oning
anO míOOIo·gamo, anOIhoonOing
ísnO¦ossOillicuIIIO ovaIuato1wO
oxchangos againstIhroooxIra
¡awnscanLo rogarOoO as asIíght
maIoria¦ aOvantago LuI L¦acks
¡OsiIíOnís sOIiOanO\hiIowu¦havo
IOwOrk harOIOmakohisrOOks
Diagram Ì
aggrossivo lOroOvor, thoIhroo
uniIoO ¡assoO ¡awnswiIhkinganO
kníghI su¡¡Orung IhomIOOkquiIo
aIarmíng aItirsI síght Ps Iho gamo
untOIOs,iI LocOmos c¦oarthattho
LishO¡ís sOmoIhugOlaIiaLíÌityIO
LIack,sOIholirst¡rOLIom is
whoIhorhoshOuIOhavoroIoasoOit
Ly34 L4,insIoaOOlIhochOson
mOvo, 34 lo ¯hiswOuIOhavoIho
aOOiIiOnaIaOvantagoOl¡rOvíOing
Iho kníghIwíth an OuI¡OsIaI c3,
LuIIhoOrawLackwOuIOLoIho
woakoningOtIho ¡awniIsoIt
PlIor34 L4 \hiIocOu¦O
ro|ocI 3o lcÌ , which IhroaIons
nOthing, anOaIsO 3oll3 ho
3o lh3 Lo¿,whichOOosnOt
achiovo much Ïl 3oltgl , wohavo
Iho lOIIOwingvariaIiOns
( l ) 3o lc3 3olg7 Lc4
37 l·h7 l·a¿ (37 L·a¿
3b laÌ LOb 3¬la7¬ ís vory
gOOO lOr\híIo) 3blh4' LOb
3¬lOÌ lc3 4U laÌ wíth
aOvanIago, (¿) 3b lc3
3olg7 ho 37lL3 lOo
3blgo Lo¿` 3¬l·Oo anOwins,
Lut(3) 3b lc3 3olg7 LO3
37lL3 lOo with 1go il
nocossaryanO\hitosoomsIOhavo
IiIt¦ochancoOlmakíng¡rOgross
ÏOOkingtOrsOmoim¡rOvomont,
wolinO 3o lOl ' , ¡IanningIOgivo
LackOnooxchangoin OrOortOwín
IhoL·¡awnanO s¡Iítu¡Iho
romaíníngLIack ¡awns Ìl, lOr
oxam¡¦o, 3o !o 3olL3 (nOIaI
Onco 3o l·Oo o·Ob
¿ Ì o
3 7 lL3 Lc4¬) llo
37 l·Oo o·Oo 3b l·L4 loo
3¬lc3' O4 ¬ (OIhorwiso
4Ulo̬ anO 4Ì lO4) 4UlO¿,
whonIho¡awnsarosoriOus¦y
woakonoOanO LIOckaOoOanO
\hiIowiI¦sOOnacLvaIohis rOOk
anOaOvancotho a·¡awn 3b lto
3olL3 lob 37lho̬ isnO
im¡rOvomontOnIhis,whiIoit
3b tb 3o lL3 LL7 \hiIohas
37 lhgÌ lto 3blO3, IhroaIoning
3¬ lh3,anOLIackis running vory
shOrI OlgOOO mOvos
Ìn¡racLco,thon,\hitosoomsIO
havotairwinningchancosagainsI
34 L4 - aLOut as gOOOas inIho
actua¦gamo
34 . . . £5 35 Rg 1 KfG 3G R£3
¯aking aOvanIago OlIhisIom¡O
gain (37 lh3 isIhroaIonoO),Iho
rOOk ¡onotatosLy aOilloronIrOuIo
3G . . . h5 37 Ra3 Bb7
38 Ra7 BeG
3b . Lcb` 3¬lgb
39 RaG Bb7 (Liagram¿) 40 Ra7
4Ul·Oo wOuIOLoa¡romaIuro
sacrilico - 4U . lo7
4l lg7¬ l·Oo 4¿l·L7 lco
43lh7 lt4 anO\hiIocanharOIy
cIaimmuchaOvanIago.
40 . . . BeG 41 Rc l Be8
42 Re8 BgG
Diagram <
LIacks IastlowmOvoshavoLoon
tOrcoO anO\hiIohasnOw maOo
suLsIantaÌ¡rOgross Ïns¡iIoOl
a¡¡oarancos,IhorOOkshavoquiIo
aIOIOlthroaIs avaiIaLIo, assOOn
LocOmoscIoar lOwovor,tho
immoOiaIowinOlIho O·¡awn
wOuIOIoaOtOIrOuLIo -
43 lOb t4' (LuInOI43 . lob
44lgb - IhoLishO¡issIiII
anuisanco' - ll4 4b lag7 lto
4o lL7, whon\hitowinsIho
L·¡awnanOLIackhas LIOckaOoO
his OwnmOsIOangorOus ¡awn)
44l·Oo l3 4bla3 Lo4
4o lOb lob 47ltb ll4
4blOb l¿ 4¬lOÌ Lg¿ anOwins
\hitoIhorolOro aItacksín
a Oitloront ¡Iaco
43 R£8+ Kg5
Ïl43 . lob 44lgb, as shOwnin
IhoIasInOIo
44 Rg7!
PnoxcoIIonImOvo,Ihroatoning
aLOvo a¦I 4bh4¬ lho
4o lO7' Lh7 47lhb llo
¿l 7
4blt7 lgo 4¬l·lo¬ anO
rosticLng LIacks chOicoOtro¡Iios
Ïl44 I4` 4bltgb, it44 ob
4bh4¬ oIc, il44 lho
4b lO7 lgb (OIhorwisoh4)
4o l·Oo l4 47l·oo oIc lOtco
IhaIIhoIom¡OwhichLIackIOsos
Ly44 lho isaviIaIOnolaO
\hiIoIrioO 44lO7, howOu¦O
havotOunOIhosamo¡rOLIomsas
ina¡roviOus nOIo, viz 44 l4
4b l·Oo Llb' anOhois unIikoIy
ovon IO Oraw, o g (a) 4olco t3
47lcI t¿' 4blgb¬
(4blt I lo3) lt4 4¬ll l lt3
bU lg3¬ lo¿ anOwins,
(L) 4olcI l3 47lO¿ l¿
4blo¿ lc3¬ anO wins,
(c) 4olgb¬ lh4 47lgÌ t3
4blt I (it 4b lcÌ LO3' wins)
lg4 4¬lcÌ (4¬ lco lo3' ) lI4
bU lO¿ llo' (nOt bU lo3
bÌ lO4¬ Lo4 b¿l·o4¬ l·o4
b3 lol I¿ b4l·o3 ¬ ll4
bb l·oo anO\hiIo wins)
b Ì lO4¬ lo4¬ anO\hiIomust
try b¿ l·o4¬ (b¿ loÌ lo3)
L·o4, whonhoistightingIO Oraw.
44 . . . h4 45 a3
lrovonIsLIacklrOmsocuringIho
L·¡awn Ly L4
45 . . . N£6! (Liagram3)
LIacklinOs thoLosIchancoin
a OitticuItsiIuaIíOn,¡ro¡aringLho
aOvancoOlhis I·¡awnanO aIIho
samo Lmo koo¡ing anoyo On
\hitos IhroaI Ol ltgb Ìl 4b ob
4o lO7 o4 47l·Oo lI4 4blc¿
winscOmlOrIaL¦ywhiIo4b . lI4
4o lL7 ob 47l·Lb Ob 4b lc¿
aIsOIoavoshimwiIhnO roaIhO¡oOl
a Oraw LnoOltholoaturosOtthis
onOingisIho¡ocuIiar cOntast
LoIwoonvariatiOnslnsOmocasos
IhorOOks canstO¡Iho ¡assoO
¡awnssmOOth¦y anOunhurrioOIy,
anOinOIhorsthoy aroIumL¦ing
OvoroachOIhorin tranLc ottOrIs IO
goI LackinIimo'
¯ho ¡OsitiOnisnOw critícaI anO
anaIysis sooms tO inOicaIo that
a Oraw shOu¦O Lotho cOrroct rosuIt
alIor\hitosnoxtmOvo (4olo7)
¯hoIaskOlunscramLLngaIÌ Iho
suLsoquonI cOm¡LcaIiOns wOu¦O
LovirtualÌyim¡OssiLIoOvortho
LOarO, Lutit Iurns OutthaIho
shOuIOhavoosIaLIishoOhisOwn
¡assoO¡awnaIOncoLy 4olLb'
i ns¡itoOt Iho Oangors\oIhon got
thosovariaLOns
4o I4 (4o 1ho
47l·go ¬' l·go 4bl·Lb
IoaOstO simi¡ar ¡OsitiOns)
47l·Lb ¬ ob 4blcl ' (4ba4 I3
anO 4blc7 I3 4¬lc l LO3 LOth
Djagram 3
IOso, itis ossonIia¦tOusoIhoking)
l3 (Or4b . Ob 4¬a4 o4
bUlO¿ o3¬ b l lo¿ anOL¦ack
runsOutOlmOvos, Orhoro 4¬ I3
bUlO¿ oIc ) 4¬lO¿ anOnOw
(a) 4¬ l¿ bUlo¿ lo4
¿ l b
(bU lg4 bÌ h3 anOwins)
b l lL4 Ob b¿l·o4 anOwins,
(L) 4¬ `o4¬ bUlo3 l¿
b Ì lLl Ob b¿l·go¬ l·go
b3 a4 llb b4ab O4¬ bblo¿
anOwins(bb lc3¬
bo l·I¿ l·LÌ b7 ao),
(c) 4¬ `g4 bUh3 lh¿ b l lo3
oIc ,
(O) 4¬ lho bUl·go¬ l·go
b Ì a4 lo4¬ b¿lo3 I¿ b3lLl ,
trans¡OsinginIO (L),
(o) 4¬ Ob bUlo3 o4 b l h3
anO wins
ÌnstoaOho chOsoIO ¡¦ay sato,
koo¡inghis rOOkstrainoOOntho
aOvancing¡awns
46 Re7 e5 47 Re6 Ne4
48 Rg8 N£6 49 R£8 Ne4 50 Kc 1
1hoOnIywaytO IrylOrawin
bU lLb ís nOw LaO, sinco LIack
has gainoOIwO mOvos Ontho
¡roviOusvariaLiOns anOhis LishO¡
isun¡innoO bUlLb` I4
o Ì l·Lo l3 anOnOw
(i) o¿ lc¿ l¿ o3 lLÌ lg3¬'
o4l·go¬ l·go o o a4 l Ì /¸
ool·l Ì l·l Ì o7lO3
(o7 ao le3¬ ob lL3 lOo
o¬ao lc7 oUa7 e4 anOwíns)
l·h¿ oble¿ (ob ao ll3
o¬ ao h3, Or o¬le3 lO4) lg4
o¬ao llo anOwíns,
(íí) o¿laÌ l¿ o3lLÌ lO¿ anO
wíns
50 . . . £4 5 1 Kdl Bh5+
52 Ke 1 £ 3 (Líagram4)
1hís ímmeOiate aOvance,winnmg
Oneexchange Lack, is LesI
o¿ Lg4 is anOther¡OssíLLIy,
Lut o3 le7 Lh3 o4lg7¬ lho
oo lL7 ¦eaves \hiIeLeIIer ¡IaceO
Ihanín Ihe game - oo lc3
oolLo,Or oo . 1go
ool·Lo lg4 o7lgb ¬, lOrcing
IhekingIOreteaI
53 h3
lee¡sIhekingOuI, LuI
unlOrIunaIeIyIeavesIhe h·¡awn
a siIIingIargeIin IhesuLsequenI
rOOk vs LíshO¡enOíng laOhe
¡¦ayeO o3le7 hewOuIOhave
reacheOamOrelavOuraLIe¡OsítOn
Ihanin the gamealIer o3 1¿¬
Diagram ÷
o4 l·l¿ l·l¿ oo l·l¿ Lecause
hish·¡awnwiIILesale,e g.
oo llo oolh7 lgo o7lO7, Or
oo Lg4 oo lL7.lOwever,
LIackmaytryinsIeaO o3 . lg4
o4lg7¬ lh3,whenIhelOIIOwmg
OriginaIvariaLOns may arise
(i) oolL7 l·h¿ ool·Lo lg¿
o7 lL¿ ¬ (o7 lgb¬ lg3
oblL¿¬ lgÌ o¬a4 e4 iswOrse
lOr\híIe) l¿ ¬ oblL·l¿ ¬ l·l¿
o¬ l·l¿¬ lgÌ ' (stO¡¡íng lll )
anO \hite canharOIy OOLeIIer
Ihan Oraw, in s¡iIe Olhis ¡asseO
¡awn, (u) oolhb l¿¬
oo ll Ì LOÌ ' o7lgh7 l·h¿
ob l·h4¬ lg3 o¬ lh3¬ (LuI
nOI o¬l·e4 lI3 oUlhh4 Lc¿
o l lh3¬ whenhehasIO lighIlOr
a Oraw) lg4 oUlbh4¬ llo
o Ì le3 Lc¿ anOIheresuIIislar
lrOm cIear
¿Ì ¬
LnIhewhOIe o3le7 OOesnOI
seemIO giveLeIIer ¡racLcaI
chancesIhan o3h3, anO\hiIe
canharOIyLe LIameOlOravOiOing
IhesecOm¡¦exiLes1heenOing
whíchheacIuaIIy reaches musI
have seemeO gOOO enOugh IO win
53 . . . £2+ 54 RX£2
o4 ll Ì is answereO Lyo4 LOÌ
(-L3-c4)anOhe wíLhavetO
ca¡ture sOOn
54 . . . NX£2 55 KX£2 Bg6
56 RXd6 B£5 57 Rd5
\híIewOu¦OnOrmalÌywishIO
reIain as many ¡awns as¡OssiLIe,
LuIil o7lg¿ Le4¬ oblh¿ ll4
oUlho lgo anOhecan makenO
¡rOgresswiIhOuIusinghis kmg.
57 . . . K£4 58 RXb5 BXh3
59 a4 e4 (Liagramo)
lOw\hiIehasIOchOOseLeIween
IheimmeOíaIe aOvanceOlhis
a·¡awn,which¡ermiIs . e3¬ anO
shOuIOOnIyhave Orawn, anO
Diagram b
a sIOwor¡¦an, IirsIhOIOing u¡Iho
o·¡awnÏnIholaIIor casoIhoro aro
IwOmoIhOOs, oUlL3 anO
oU lL4,LuInoiIhor is gOOO
onOughIOwinagainsIIhocOrrocI
OoIonco
ÏI oUlL3 Loo o Ì lc3 h3
o¿ao h¿ o3lg¿ o3
o4l·h¿ o¿ oolcl lo3 Oraws
oasi¦yLyaIIackingIho rOOknoxI
Iimo ( lO¿) Ïthoro o4ao, Ihon
o4 o¿ amOunIs IO Iho samo
Ihing
Ït\hiIo¡¦ayshis rOOkIO aIoss
vuInoraLIosquaro,i o oUlL3 Loo
o l la3, IhonoÌ h3 o¿ ao h¿
o3lg¿ o3 o4l·h¿ o¿
oo laÌ Lc4 Oraws - atIor
oo lgÌ lo3 \hiIo canOO
nOIhing
ÏnIhosoIwO Iinos IhorOOk
usotullycOnIrO¦sh3, LuIas sOOnas
his king mOvosIO g¿Iho o·¡awn
aOvan
¸
os anOis sIrOngonOughIO
hO¦O Iho Oraw ¯ho a¦Iornatvo
oUlL4 OLhgos L¦ack IO uso IwO
Iom¡iIO aOvanco his o·¡awn, LuI
OOosnOIcOvorh3, IhoLishO¡is
IhorotOromOromOLi¦o anOcan
OrawLy aOittoronImoIhOO, as
tOl¦Ows oU Loo ol ao h3
o¿ao LOo' o3 a7 Lco (waiIing)
anO nOwIho rOOkcannOIsu¡¡OrI
his ¡awnaOoquaIo¦y,whi¦ostl¦
¡inningIhoL¦ackOno -
o4la4 LOo ooab/¸ L·ab
ool·ab o3¬ anO,sur¡risingIy
¡orha¡s, \hiIo cannOIwin (soo Iho
nOIoIO LIacks o4Ih mOvo IOr
turIhor ana¦ysis OtIhis ¡OsiLOn) ÏI
horo oola3,L¦ackhas
oo o3¬' ool·o3 h¿ wiIh
a Oraw
\hiIochOsoIhoimmoOiaIo ¡ush
60 aS e3+ 61 Kg1
o l lol OOosnOIhoI¡, sincoIho
h·¡awn aIsO nooOsIO LowaIchoO
61 . . . BcB 62 RbB BaG
63 Rb6 Bd3 64 a6 K£3?
PItorOotonOingvorywoutOrIho
whOlogamo, L¦acksIumLIos
o4 L·ao ool·ao h3 wOu¦O
havo OrawnLocausoIho¡awns aro
wo¦ÌaOvancoO, su¡¡OrIoOLy thoir
king anOseparated \ith ¡awns aI,
say, o3anO I3, Ihowin wOulO Lo
chiIOs¡Iay, LuInOw\hiIo can
On¦yIry (a) oolh¿ o¿
o7loo lt3 obl·h3 lt¿, Or
(L) oolt l lg3 (oo h¿`
o7lg¿ o¿ obloo) o7lo¿ h¿
oblho lg¿ o¬lgo¬ lh3, Or
(c) oolgo lt3 o7ltl o¿¬
oblol h¿ wiIh aOrawinovory
caso.PIIor o4 lt3 \hiIowins Ly
IOrco
65 R£6+ Ke2
Lr oo lg3 ooa7 Lo4
¿¿U
(oo o¿ o7loo) o7loo anO
wins
66 a7 Be4 67 R£4 Bb7
68 RXh4 Ke 1
Ït ob lOl o¬lO4¬ lc¿
7U lI l (-o l )
69 R8 e2 70 a8/Q BXa8
7 1 RXaB 1-0.
Exlorg te Endgae
ÍOIOILIIIIIIH3
The endgame is an area in which careful
analysis is required. Peter Griffiths here takes
over oJgames -most of them complete, so
that one can see how the endgame positions
arose -and gives a full analysis of the endings,
with explanatory notes.
The games are divided into chapters
according to the nature of the ending:
pawn endings, bishop endings etc. A valuable
and unusual feature is that rook + minor piece
endings are given separate consideration.
Algebraic notation is used throughout .
Peter Griffiths is a professional chess coach
and writer, and has played in the
British National Championships. Most of
the games in this book have appeared in his
regular column entitled
' Practical Chess Endings' in the
ÛII|ISÌ CÌeSSNaQazIDe
1 o b N Ü ¬ ¯ L :
!A 6LHÏÏåÜÏËLË

Exploring the Endgame

Exploring the Endgame Peter Griffiths Adam and Charles Black .

London. Chess-End games I. as permitted under the Copyright Act. or transmitted in any form or by any means. no part of this publication may be reproduced. recording or otherwise. photocopying.7 794. stored in a retrieval system. Peter. Bath . Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of private study. criticism or review. electronic. Enquiries should be addressed to the publishers. Griffiths. Halifax. and printed and bound in Great Britain at The Pitman Press. chemical.Copyright© 1984 Peter Griffiths ISBN 0-7136-2445-0 First edition 1984 Published by A & C Black (Publishers) Limited 35 Bedford Row. All rights are reserved. 1946--­ E.1'24 Design: Krystyna Hewitt and A & C Black (Publishers) Limited Text set in 10/11 pt Stymie by W. WClR 4JH. mechanical. Title GV1450. electrical. 1956. optical.xploring the endgame. Turner & Son Limited. I. England This book is copyright under the Berne Convention. research. without the prior permission of the copyright owner.

Pawn endings Game l Game 2 Game 3 Game 4 2 . Bishops Game Game Game Game Game Game Game 7 Shamkovich-Watken Vogt-Liebert Faibisovic-Ohotnik Kirov-Ermenkov 9 9 10 12 14 16 16 20 23 28 33 33 36 41 43 47 50 53 57 57 62 66 70 74 77 84 84 88 93 97 1 02 1 04 105 1 08 5 6 7 8 Sax-Tal Andersson -Medina Hecht-Hurme Pfleger-Larsen 9 lO ll l2 l3 l4 l5 Spassky-Byrne Polugaevsky-Balashov Hort-Bertok Korchnoi-Karpov Tal-Radulov Kurajica-Karpov Gligoric-Ljubojevic 4. Minor pieces Game l 6 Game l 7 Game l 8 Game l 9 Game 20 Game 2 1 5. Rooks Game Game Game Game Game Game Game Game Kholmov-Vasiukov Century-Lee Larsen-Smyslov Webb-Matulovic Suttles-Tal Ftacnik-Geller 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Gurgenidze-Radev Karpov-Hort Andersson-Rivas Karpov-Jakobsen Polugaevsky-Evans Zhidkov-Razuvaev Estrin-Pytel Ivanov-Bonchev . Knights Game Game Game Game 3.Contents Introduction l .

6. Rooks against minor pieces Game 47 Gheorghiu-Stoica Game 48 Eley-Drimer Game 49 Matulovic-Damjanovic Game 50 Ljubojevic-Torre Game 5 1 Timman-Hubner Game 52 Garcia-Karpov Game 53 Miles-Kuzmin Game 54 PerE'myi-Barczay . Queens Game 30 Game 3 1 Game 32 Game 33 Game 34 Game 35 Hecht-Villeneuve Hubner-Mecking Kaplan-Ivkov Chandon-Moet-Bottlik Kotov-Bednarski Lukacs-Marszalek 113 113 1 14 117 121 1 26 1 27 1 33 1 33 1 38 1 43 1 47 1 50 1 56 1 62 1 67 1 70 1 72 1 77 181 181 1 86 1 89 1 93 1 98 205 21 1 216 7 . Rooks and minor pieces Game 36 Radulov-Kavalek Game 37 Karpov-Dueball Game 38 Karpov-Polugaevsky Game 39 Uhlmann-Karpov Game 40 Vaganian-Smyslov Game 4 1 Timman-Deze Game 42 Romanishin-Ubilava Game 43 Ivkov-Browne Game 44 Keres-Hort Game 45 Rogoff-Csom Game 46 Averbach-Hug 8.

A few of the articles have also appeared in The Endings in Modern Theory and Practice (1976) and acknowledgements are due to the publishers. In most cases the whole game score has been given. Chapter 7. While the endings of rook against one or two minor pieces (Chapter 8) are covered in many endgame books. Very broadly the games at the beginning of a chapter are either easier to follow. The technique of winning is then fairly simple. The whole spectrum of endgame play is represented. I hope. I hope that all classes of players should therefore find something to interest them. will.with some new material . while the later ones deal with tactical compli­ cations and very unusual positions. though for a few positions the earlier moves are not available I would like to thank the Editor of the Bnlish Chess Magazine for kind permission to re-publish the material. and it has been suggested that a reprint in book form .might be welcome. the field of rook and minor piece on each side has perhaps been a little neglected. but usually only in variations or when a decisive position has already been reached. fill something of a gap. to show how the endgame arose. Rooks and minor pieces. 7 . After that the main endings are divided into chapters according to which piece predominates. so I have begun the book with a short selection of more difficult examples. Bell & Hyman Ltd.Introduction Fifty annotated endgames have appeared in the British Chess Magazine under the title 'Practical Chess Endings' during the past ten years. or they illustrate technique. Pawn endings appear briefly in some of the games. from straight­ forward technique and general principles at one end to great tactical complexities at the other.

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while the undermining move f4 would always be met by . Kd4) 1 6 Kh5 h3! 1 7 Kh4 Kd4 and draws. winning the pawn. g5. . Any Q-side invasion would then be out of the question. . . . . (d) 1 2 Ke6 K X b2 1 3 h4 Kc3 1 4 h5 Kd4 15 h6 Kc5 draws. (b) 12 Ke6 K X b2 1 3 Kf6 Kc3 1 4 Kg5 Kd4 1 5 Kh6 (if 1 5 h4 Ke5 1 6 h5 h6 + draws) Ke5 1 6 K X h7 Kf5. Then. 1 976 Black: Watken White can win this ending. putting an end to the essential undermining plan f4-f5) Kd7 6 Ke4 Kc6 7 f5 e X f5 + 8 g X f5 g X f5 + 9 K X f5 Kb5 1 0 Ke6 K X b4 . if 4 Kc4. The important point about this position is knowing when to advance the h-pawn. Pawn endings GAME 1 White: Shamkovich USA. . .K£8 2 Ke3 Ke8 3 Kd3 ! Straightaway he has to b e careful . . drawing the white king away from the vital squares f7 and f8 and thus gaining access to them himself. but only by keeping Black's attempts to make a passed pawn under careful controL Certain types of passed pawn can be permitted. which has to be watched permanently. draws.3 Kd4 will not do because of 3 . e5 + . or if 1 6 h6 Kd6 etc.1. shutting the king in when he captures it. . The alternative 4 d X e6 f X e6 would allow Black a protected passed cl-pawn and after 5 f4 (otherwise . . Kd4 1 5 K X h7 Ke5 1 6 h4 etc. e5 and 3 .e4. 1 . Diagram 1 1 1 K X d6 Kb3 Black can draw. e6 are now met by 4 g5 1. and when to leave the pawn untouched. . The lines are as follows: (a) 1 2 Ke6 K X b2 1 3 Kf6 Kc3 1 4 Kg7 h5 1 (not 1 4 . (c) 1 2 Ke6 K X b2 1 3 Kf6 Kc3 1 4 h4 Kd4 1 5 h5 Kd5 1 6 Kg7 Ke6 1 7 K X h7 Kf7 draws. 9 . . f5 and Black has the equivalent of a pro­ tected passed pawn (at e5). . reaching f7 and drawing. .Kd7 Because both 3 . . .) 15 Kh6 h4 (again not 15 . others cannot (Diagram 1 ). crippling Black's majority and preventing him from obtaining a passed pawn. 3 . If here 1 5 h4 Kd4 1 6 Kh6 Ke5 etc. if here 1 6 h4 Kf6.

as shown above. . Now. . . f6 would defeat the object of Black's plan (he would not have a protected passed pawn after a later . .Of course. . . . e5 9 f X e5 d X e5 10 Kb5 Kd6 11 Kc4 e4 1 2 Kd4. e5 Diagram 2 l 0 f X e5 d X e5 11 Ka5. if 9 . if here 2 Ke2 b6. naturally makes things worse. we have (a) 1 b4 (l c5 Kf4 leads to the same thing) Kf4 2 Kd4 Kg3 3 Ke5 K X g2 4 Kf6 K X h3 5 K X g5 Kg3 6 K X g6 Kf4 7 Kf6 Ke4 10 8 Ke6 Kd3 and wins. b5 and . 4 Kc4 Kc7 5 Kb5 Planning Ka6-a7 (or Kb6 after .Kb8 9 b5 e X d5 10 Ka5. . . b5 etc. 7 g5 (Diagram 2) Kc7 If 7 . to force the issue. . as in the game. . abandoning the Q-side passed pawn. Ke4 and . e6 by 6 g5 1 e X d5 7 Ka4 Kb6 8 Kb3 Kb5 9 Kc3. . c5. . . 8 Ka6 e Xd5 If 8 . 9 Kb5 Kb7 10 Ka4 d4 1 1 Kb3 d5 12 Kc2 KeG 13 Kd3 Kb5 14 K Xd4 K Xb4 15 K Xd5 Kb3 16 Ke5 1-0. White has to threaten the penetra­ tion to a7. 3 . e6) and no other pawn moves are of any use. leaves the whole complex in danger from Black's active king l . as in the game. . a5. c5 to follow. . . if here 9 . and the only way to prevent that. . (b) l Ke3 a5 2 g4 b6. when 3 Kf3. . . Kf4 is also an obvious threat. GAME 2 White : Vogt Black Liebert East Germany. a4 with an outside passed pawn. . Ka8 l 0 Kb6 Kb8 1 1 Kc6 wins. . and the advantage becomes decisive. The pawns are weak because Black threatens . which explains the first move (Diagram l ): 1 g3 If he avoids this. catching the pawn. . If 8 . . . The position then becomes a rela­ tively simple case of an outside passed pawn defeating a central one. 1 969 Black's superior king position gives him some advantage Combine that with the weakness of White's Q-side pawns. .Kb7 6 f4 e6 Otherwise he runs out of pawn moves and White wins by Ka5. with .e X d5 8 Ka4. which is anything but obvious. White also wins by a K-side attack. Kb8) and meeting 5 . . 5 . .

. Kg3? leads to the notoriously difficult queen and pawn vs. . 5 . . but 1 0 . as in the game. Black will penetrate quickly to f3. if here 1 3 Ka3 Kd3 1 4 Kb3 Ke3 1 5 Kc3 Kf3 etc. . . . and now 7 . b5? 5 c X b5 c X b 5 6 c4 when Black is losing . . . He can shp up here by attacking the K-side instead. g4! 3 h X g4 (if 3 h4. g4 1 1 h X g4 Ke4 1 2 Kd6 Kf3 1 3 Ke6 K X g4 1 4 Kf6 is still too slow. . . . 2 Kd5 3 b4 a4 4 c4+ KeS 5 Kc3 (Diagram 2) g4! Black now alters the pawn structure in the same way. . In fact .the white king must not be in a position to .Diagram 1 Diagram 2 1 aS 2 cS 2 Ke3 provides the most interesting analysis. Ke3 8 Ka3 Kd3 9 K X a4 K X c4 1 0 Ka3 Kc3 still wins. queen ending after 8 Ka3 K X h3 9 K X a4 K X g4 1 0 Ka5 Kf4 1 1 Kb6 g4 1 2 K X b7 g3 1 3 b5 c X b5 (or 1 3 . b5 3 Kd3 a4 (3 . . 2 . e. At this point 1 0 . b X c4 + 4 K X c4 Ke4 is too slow) 4 c X b5 c X b5 5 b X a4 b X a4 6 Kc4 Ke4 7 Kb4 Kd3 8 K X a4 K X c3 9 Kb5 Kd4 1 0 Kc6. . 11 . . since Black c annot get away with the direct hne 2 . . while there is still time. in order to win Black has to change the pawn structure. recapture at c4) 5 Ke3 b5 6 Kd3 a4 7 c X b5 c X b5 8 b X a4 b X a4 9 Kc4 Ke4 1 0 Kb4 Kd3 1 1 K X a4 K X c3 1 2 Kb5 Kd4 1 3 Kc6 Ke4 1 4 Kd6 Kf3 1 5 Ke5 K X g3 and wins. the white king being inevitably drawn across to the other wing) g5 4 Kd3 ( 4 c5 Kd5 5 b4 a4 6 Kd3 a3 is hopeless) b 6 1 (not 4 . g2 1 4 b X c6 g 1 /Q 1 5 c7 Q X c5 1 6 c8/Q Q X c8 + . he wishes to eliminate any spare moves for his opponent. . Ke4 6 Kb2 Kf3 7 g4. . . but for a different reason. . g4 1 1 h X g4 g5? 1 2 Kd6 actually wins for White. . . .g. . but 7 . . while 1 0 . g4 can be delayed. . viz. . Ke4 1 1 Kd6 Kf3 1 2 Ke5 K X g3 1 3 Kf6 only draws. The right way is quite subtle: change the K-side pawn structure first. but playing it at once is the simplest line to follow. .

Now.or f-). If here 1 0 Ka3 Kc3 1 1 Ka4 Kb2 1 2 b5 Kc3 is the same thing . His decision to do so is based on a superior pawn structure. g6 or . viz.KX c4 9 K X a4. White has 1 c6 Kd6 2 Kd4. Black will then have an outside pawn.1 . i. after 9 K X a4 K X c4 1 0 Ka5 Kb3 1 1 b5 Kc4 1 2 b X c6 b X c6 1 3 Kb6 Kd5 wins. an instructive finish in itself 6 h Xg4 g5 7 Kb2 Kd4 8 Ka3 Kc3 ! 0. 1 979 Black: Ohotnik White has to make up his mind whether he will have enough advantage to win. . pawns b5. . BK c7). g5. . . c6 and Kc5 will win (or if 1 c6 Kd6 2 a6.Kd4 ! 1 0 Kb3 Kd3 1 1 Kb2 Kc4 1 2 Ka3 Kc3. Black will therefore have only one (e. .and g-). .1 7 K X cB Ke5 1 8 Kd7 1 Kd4 1 9 Ke6 with a draw) 1 4 c6 g2 1 5 c7 g 1 /Q 1 6 cB/Q b X c4 etc.e. Alternatively Black can obtain two passed pawns by playing . or 1 0 Ka5 Kc3 . 9 . if he exchanges queens . Then the Diagram 1 further advance of his pawns would enable him to occupy e5 and finally d6 with his king. c5. b5 and c5. If in this defence Black plays . . White would first centralise his king and play c4. (Diagram 1 ) 1 Qd2 + ! Q Xd2+ 2 K Xd2 f5 If Black refuses to move his pawns at all. However. with Kc5 to follow and the usual direct mating attack. the advance of his pawns gives White easy access to d5 . White can play his king to d4 and pawns to a5. but White then intends to exchange and leave the weakened pawns open to attack by his king. GAME 3 White : Faibisovic USSR. While he is creating two connected passed pawns on the Q-side. In the last phase White has to submit to a complete turning of his left flank. threatening 3 b6). when he has to use opposition manoeuvring to win. so the ending has to be finely judged. If Black plays his king to d6 and pawn to f6. he has one pawn (h-) holding two black ones (h. With the black king then at c7. a6 and exchanges off one of the advancing pawns (position would then be WK c4. If Black sets up his pawns at f6 and e5. but no more pawn moves. . Black's last move i s easier than 8 . . .

slightly stronger. . . . . . (b) 1 l .h5 5 Kf4 Ke7 6 Ke5 (not 6 Kg5 e5) g5 and White's problem is that after . The second of these is interesting because of the way White's dominating centralised king out­ weighs Black's potential outside passed pawn. . . . but the result is not affected. 4 . but 8 a5 extends the territory which the black king must cover) h4 (8 .h4 he will never be able to take the e-pawn.Kc6 8 Kc4 a6 9 a4 Kc7 1 0 Kd5 e4 1 1 Kd4 and 1 2 g4 will win. his pawns are still too strong for Black: 7 b5 h4 8 a4 Kd7 9 c4 Kc7 1 0 c5 Kd7 1 1 a5 Kc7 1 2 a6 Kb8 1 3 c6 Kc7 1 4 b6 + ! and wins. g5. . . . Ke7 or. .There remain only Black's actual choice (. . . . 12 . . while the black ones will be lost. . h5 5 Kf4 Ke7 6 Ke5 a6 (because an exchange may well reduce the tactical chances which three pawns are bound to give White) 7 a4 g5 8 a51 (the more obvious 8 c4 h4 9 b5 a5 10 c5 Kd7 might well not be enough to win. . . . by Zugzwang. . . 8 Kd3 aS 9 a3 a4 10 Ke3 e4 1 1 Kd2 KeG 12 Ke3 1 2 Ke2 Kd5 1 3 Ke3 Kc6 1 4 g4 shortens the game. transposing. . . g5 7 g4 . . (b) 4 . Kd7 8 Ke5 leads into (b). . h5: (a) 4 . .KdS 13 Kf2 KeG 14 Ke2 KdS 15 Ke3 KeG 1G g4 1-0. . However. . and easily keeps this pawn under control: 2 . 3 e4 Ke7 4 eS KeG 5 Kd3 KdS (Diagram 2) Now Black's king is bound to be pushed back sooner or later. . if they move: (a) 1 1 . Another possible variation illus­ trates White's enormous king­ power 4 . .another useful plus for White) 7 c5+ Ke6 8 b5 h5 9 b6 and wins. . . Ke7 5 Ke4 Kd6 6 c4 e5 (or 6 . g5 3 h X g6 f X g6 4 Ke3 and then either 4 . . Kd7 9 Kf6) 9 b5 Kd7 1 0 b X a6 Kc7 1 1 c4 and wins because the white pawns are self- Diagram 2 supporting.f5 and . not of course 6 . G g3 eS 7 Ke3 aG If 7 . Now White must be careful with his pawn moves 8 a4 7 a5 would be bad. . Kc6 1 2 c5 Kc7 1 3 a7 Kb7 1 4 c6 + K X a7 1 5 Kd6 and wins. . e5) or the alternative plan of . if here 7 . .h5 7 Kf4 e5 + . g4 1 2 Kf4 h3 1 3 g X h3 g X h3 1 4 Kg3 Kb8 1 5 c5 Ka7 1 6 K X h3 K X a6 1 7 c6.

. . l Kf3 Kf5 2 Kg3 Ke4 3 Kg4 amounts to the same thing. . Kd3 5 Ke6 a4 are at best equal for Black. 2 Kh4 Ke4 3 Kg5 K Xe3 4 K£5 Of course. White ignores the 14 h-pawn Now the lines beginning with 4 . Kd3) 5 Kg5 Kd3 6 Kf5 Kc3 (6 . devise. winning) Kf4 3 Kh4 K X e4 4 K X h5 Kd3 5 Kg5 a4 wins. yet examples abound of desperate-looking situations which can be saved by accurate play and with no further errors on the opponent's part. 4 . . . . Kb4 8 e5. if anything) 7 Ke6 KXb3 8 K X d6 a4 9 Kc6. . However. . 1 . In some cases a tiny advantage in the pawn structure or in the king position can be decisive. . .Kd3 leads to 5 Kg5 a4 (or 5 . . . How do you think Black felt? He has a superior king position and an outside passed pawn.GAME 4 White: Kirov Black: Ermenkov Bulgaria. . a4 7 b X a4 K X c4 8 Ke6 is in White's favour. Yet White can still draw ! Of course.if 7 .if 1 e4? h5 2 Kh3 (or 2 e5 d X e5 3 d6 Kf6 4 Kh4 e4. .h5 5 KeG h4 6 K Xd6 h3 7 Kc7 h2 8 d6 h 1 /Q 9 d7 (Diagram 2) The normal rules of queen vs. . equalising easily) 3 Kh4 Ke4 4 K X h5 K X e3 (see below for 4 . and in this funny symmetrical position Black is in trouble . Qh2+ 10 KcB Qh3 1 1 Kc7 Qg3 + 12 KcB Qg4 Diagram 1 .h5 2 Kg3 Kf5 (2 . . 1 Kh3 Amazingly White even has a choice. Kc3 6 e4) 6 b X a4 K X c4 7 e4.K£5 If 1 . when the queen has her full checking powers available. with a slight advantage to White. and even White's own majority in the centre is crippled and unable to yield a passed pawn in the normal way. . . . or i£ 7 .Kd4 8 a5 1 In every variation White's drive towards e6 and d6 is at least as potent as anything Black can . 9 . . Our fourth position is a case in point. 4 . . h4 + 3 Kh3 Kh5 is useless on account of 4 e4 Kg5 5 e5 d X e5 6 d6 Kf6 7 K X h4 Ke6 8 Kg5. there is always a logi­ cal reason. he must avoid e4 at this stage . so he correctly runs with his h-pawn. pawn only apply on an open board. . Kd3 5 Ke6 Kc3 and 4 . . . Here she cannot reach the vital square c6 and nothing can be done. . . Black's cl-pawn is his Achilles' Heel (Diagram 1 ). 1 973 There is a certain perversity about pawn endings.

1 3 Kc7 Qf4+ 14 Kc8 QfS 15 Kc7 QeS + 1 6 Kc8 Qe6 17 Kc7 Qe7 18 Kc8 Y2-Y2 Diagram 2 15 .

6 is a more subtle affair. No. where an outside passed pawn would normally be a powerful weapon. 1 4 Rd 1 and 1 5 Q X c3 leaves White a clear advantage on the open files. GAME 5 White: Sax Black: Tal Tallinn. and a lesson for all who over-estimate the Q-side majority. a triumph of centre control over a potential outside passed pawn.Qd5 14 Rd 1 (or 1 4 Q X c3 Bb4 and 15 . In the decade since this ·game was played the winner has earned a reputation second to none in the handling of endgames and other simplified positions.2. . . That this should happen in a knight ending. but missed his way at a critical moment. (See also Game 24). Game No. 5 a World Champion shows how to take advantage of a superior king position in a relatively straightforward ending. Rd8) 16 . 8 is the other side of the coin. two pawns . Some interesting pawn endgames also crop up in the notes. Instead Tal keeps the initiative by: 13 . The other two games in this chapter are tactically more complicated In No. . is especially interesting.Knights In Game No. Be7. . with two strong passed pawns proving too much for a knight. Black should have drawn. The endgame begins with an assortment of pieces still in action and plenty of aggressive possibilities for Black. . but he loses his way in the complexities and his remaining forces are in no position to stop the avalanche. If Black con­ tinues with simple development. say 1 3 . . 7 Black solves his early problems with a piece sacrifice and we have the opportunity to observe some difficult play in an ending of knight vs. 1 979 Ruy Lopez Diagram 1 1 e4 e5 2 N£3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 N£6 5 0-0 N Xe4 6 d4 b5 7 Bb3 d5 8 d Xe5 BeG 9 Nbd2 Nc5 10 c3 d4 1 1 B Xe6 N Xe6 12 Nb3 d Xc3 13 Qc2 (Diagram 1 ) The tactical play leading into this endgame position is of some interest.

Nb4! 1 5 Qe2 ( 1 5 R X d5 N X c2 simply loses a pawn) 15 . (2) The weakness of the e-pawn will force g3 and f4 before long. Clearly the black king cannot be allowed into e4. but even on d5 his influence is such that the opposing pawn majority can be broken up or paralysed: 34 Kf3 Kd5 35 g4 g51 36 f X g5 K X e5 and White's . . . The analysis would be : 33 Kf2 Ke6 and then either 34 Kf3 or 34 Ke2. c5 35 Kf2 Kc4 36 Ke3 shows very little for the sacrificed pawn) 35 f5 Nc5 36 e6 f X e6 37 f X e6 N X e6 38 Nd7 + Kc6 39 Ne5 + Kd5 40 Nf3 Ke4 4 1 Kf2 c5 42 Ke2. Black has to keep the centre under better control than that.Kc6 3 1 f4 Kd5 32 Nb4 + (32 Kf2 Ke4 would be too dominating) 32 . But Tal intends to play . . Black has other advantages too: ( l ) He already possesses a passed pawn. (Diagram 2) 28 Rc2 R Xc2 29 N Xc2 Kd7 30 g3 Best to play the pawn moves at once. . Kc5 32 Kf2 Kc4 33 Ke3 Kc3 34 Ne l Kb2 35 f5 Nd8 36 Nd3 + etc. Nd4. All of which should add up to a lost ending for White. but the proof of the win is perhaps less obvious. . 30 . gaining more central space. trapping the 17 Diagram 2 knight. c5 This is not done merely to bring the pawn two squares nearer to queening . . and his king will arrive at the centre more quickly via f2 and e3. . more strongly this time and forcing White's passive 23rd move) 22 N Xa3 B Xa3 23 Ne 1 c Xb2 24 Nc2 bXc 1/Q 25 RXb8+ Ke7 26 RXc 1 RXb8 27 N Xa3 Rb2 F arcing the exchange of rooks because his king is better developed and will be able to occupy an aggressive square much more easily once his opponent's best piece has disappeared. is not as good as it looks: 34 Nb8 Kb6 (34 . .3 1 . .14 . . .Qc4 16 Q Xc4 b Xc4 17 Na5 Nc2 18 Rb 1 Na3 19 Ra 1 Nc2 20 Rb 1 Rb8 2 1 N Xc4 Na3 ! (Back again. . . . Then the whole chain will be open to attack by Black's king along the weakened white squares. and the result of Black's efforts has only been to reduce the pawn population Another possibility here would be a good example of a premature attack .Kc4 33 N X a6 Kb5. and in addition the direct 30 . 3 1 f4 Nd4! It is easy to see that Black stands better in the pawn ending after 32 N X d4 c X d4. They will soon be forced anyway. .priority at this stage would normally be given to the king's development.

If White avoids g4 altogether. . N X f5 39 g X f5 would leave him in trouble because he could not then break up the white pawns .Kc5 4 1 Ke4). much as in the game. or 39 Ke2 Ne7 etc.Kd3 ! 39 N X h6 c3 and the pawn is through. Nf5 39 N X f5 + g X f5 40 h4 Kd3 4 1 h5 c4 42 g6. . . we have 35 h3 h5 36 a3 g6. . Also bad for White is 38 g5 Ng8. which is Zugzwang. Tempo moves with the a-pawn are irrelevant here. or 36 h3 g6 37 h4 Kc5 and wins. . But then 35 . .Kd5 35 g4 He must take some action. . followed by Nd6. .g X f6 4 1 g X £6 c3 42 e6 N X f6 43 e X f7 Nd7 44 Kf4 c2 45 N X c2 K X c2 46 Kf5. 35 . This of course explains White's 34th move. Kd5 40 Ke3 g6 4 1 f61. . when a win for Black is by no means certain. against passive play Black gains more space until he can simply walk into White's position. 36 Kf3 (36 h3? Ke4) Kd4 37 Ne3 g6 18 Diagram 3 This is necessary to stop f5.39 .34 N X f5 K X f5 35 Kf3 g5 36 g4 + Ke6 etc.. . since 37 h4 cripples the majority and again permits 37 .37 Ke2 Ke4 etc. . or 37 h3 Kd5 38 h4 Kc4 and wins.h5 1 again forces him to yield e4 or adopt one of the bad pawn structures 36 h3 g6 37 g4 h X g4 38 h X g4 g51 and wins. . or 40 . 34 .Nh6 It seems strange at first sight to de­ centralise the knight. .. but wins by 38 . . but Sax has a reason for playing his knight to d l rather than c2. . Kc4.majority is useless for producing a passed pawn . with good counterplay. 39 Ng4 Apart from seeking the obvious . Nd4 36 Nc3 + Kc4 37 Ne4 Kb4 38 Ke3. . . but if 35 . for example 35 Ke2 Kd4 36 Kd2 h5 37 Nc3 h4 38 g4 Ne3 39 h3 Nd5 40 Ne2 + Ke4 etc. 38 . since the black king can oscillate between c5 and d5 until White has to give way. when he still has no decent moves: 39 Nc2 + Kc3 40 Ne3 Kd3. . c4 38 Nf5 + ? he is not obliged to take (if he were. . .. . . The trouble is that 38 f5 ! Kd3 39 g5 Ng8 40 f6 ! leads to obscure complications after 40 . If here 36 h3 g X f4 37 K X f4 Kc4 wins. . . 38 g5 Ng8 Now the exchange of knights leads to a draw by 38 . 32 Ne3 KeG 33 Kf2 Nf5 (Diagram 3) 34 Nd l { ! ) Again the pawn ending i s hopeless . So he must try 34 Ke2 Kd5 35 Kd3. After 37 .

or 40 . 45 Nb8 Kd3 46 Nc6 If 46 Nd7 Nd5 47 Nc5 + Ke3 48 e6 f X e6 49 N X e6 N X f4 wins. Black therefore advances the pawn first. . 39 .c4 40 Ke2 (Diagram 4) c3 The more direct 40 . . . when White wins the a-pawn and gets good counterplay with his own passed pawn. At the same time passive play is hopeless on account of his pawn weak­ nesses. e. . .1 (The finish would be 53 Nf2 Ke3 54 Ng4 Kd2).Nd5 . . a4 47 Nd8 Nd5 48 e6 fXe6 (48 . . 4 1 Nf6 Ne7 42 N X h7 Nd5 43 Nf6 N X f4 + 4 4 Kd l Kd3 and wins. Kc2? 4 1 Ke3 c4 42 Kd4 c3 43 Ne4. by 56 . so White ends up trying to compromise. . The plan now is simply to pick up the f-pawn by . .Diagram 4 counterplay by Nf6. Kd6 57 a8/Q Qb5 + 58 Ka7 (58 Kc8 Qd7 + and mate) Kc7 and mate is forced. N X f4) 52 Kb l Kd4 0. . . . . but interestingly 47 Kc3 loses: 47 . . he is ready to meet 39 . As played. . 19 . and now 47 e6 1 liquidates everything and draws. . and partly because the a-pawn will obviously be a useful asset in the final stages. 46 . . . . Ke4 is still premature: 45 Kc2 K X f4 46 K X c3 K X g5 47 Kc4. if it can reach a3. Much better to keep the initiative and avoid quick material gains. . 41 Kd l Ne7 42 Nf6 Nf5 43 Kc l aS ! Played partly because White is having trouble finding moves which do not commit him fatally. Ke4 would not be sufficient to win: 4 1 Nf6 + N X f6 42 g X f6 Kf5 43 h4 h6 44 Kd2 g5 45 f X g5 (45 h X g5? h5 !) h X g5 46 h X g5 (46 h5? g4 47 h6 Kg6 48 e6 f X e6 loses) K X g5. here she can. keeping his knight in a position to harass the king from behind. N X f4 is quicker still) 49 N Xe6 a3 50 Nc5+ Kc4 5 1 Ne4 Nb4 (Now even better than . Kf5 48 K X c4 K X e5 49 Kb4 K X f6 50 Ka5 Ke5 5 1 K X a6 f5 52 Kb7 (52 Kb5 f4 53 Kc4 Ke4 54 Kc3 Ke3 and wins) f4 53 a4 f3 54 a5 f2 55 a6 f l /Q 56 a7 and although a queen cannot usually win against a RP on the seventh.g. . the intention is to win with a mating attack if the white knight wanders off too far in search of pawns. . Kd3 by 40 Nf2 + (40 . 44 Nd7 Ne3 44 . . . Kc3 4 1 Ne4 + and 42 Nd6).

f5 This is very questionable since it weakens his central position even more. Black. Black's idea is to get his king to the centre one move sooner by obliging White to play 20 f3. but this is hardly sufficient compensation. However. e5. but again a slight weakening of his position is involved. 1 Nf3 d5 2 c4 e6 3 b3 Nf6 4 Bb2 Be7 5 g3 0-0 6 Bg2 c5 7 0-0 b6 8 e3 Bb7 9 Qe2 Nbd7 10 Rd 1 Qc7 1 1 Nc3 Rac8 12 Rac 1 Rfd8 13 d3 Qb8 14 c Xd5 N Xd5 15 a3 N X c3 16 B Xc3 Bf6 17 Qb2 h6 18 h3 B X c3 19 RXc3 Nf6 20 Rdc 1 Nd5 2 1 R3c2 Ne7 22 Ne 1 B Xg2 23 KXg2 a6 24 b4 c Xb4 25 QXb4 RXc2 26 RXc2 Qb7 + 27 Kg 1 ReS 28 Qd6 RXc2 29 N Xc2 Nd5 30 e4 Qc7 3 1 Q Xc7 N Xc7 (Diagram 1 ) 32 d4 Setting up the pawn centre and preventing Black from getting his fair share by 32 . from which to attack the K-side pawns.GAME 6 White: Andersson Black: Medina Palma. . because the short-stepping knight finds it impossible to stop a distant pawn and influence events on the other side at the same time. The move 36 . . and particularly knight endings. finds that he simply does not have the manoeuvring space available to support his majority .b5. the present game is an exception. White has a broad pawn centre. on the other hand. 32 . being an ideal springboard for the white knight.and so White achieves a space control in the centre and is thereby able to switch his pieces more rapidly from one wing to the other. such a centre also restricts the enemy pieces . though.in the endgame as well as the middle game . White's centre restricts his pieces to the extent that he is unable to support the advance of the outside majority. . . Interestingly. and the hole on e5 shortly becomes a serious matter. being a useful front behind which to build up an attack. preventing the approach Diagram 1 . Black has an outside pawn majority which would give him an advantage in most endings. which is usually regarded as a middle-game advan­ tage. 33 f3 Kf7 34 Kf2 Ke7 35 Ke3 Kd6 36 Kd3 g6{?) Black is tempted to make waiting moves for the moment. . 1972 Reti Opening The following ending is rather deceptive at first sight.

(d) 37 Kc3 a5 38 Na 1 1 Kc6 (otherwise 39 Nb3 will force . looks possible. ". . . . . . to soften up the enemy Diagram 2 centre. . then 38 a4 Kc6 39 Na3 leaves the square b5 fatally weak.e5. after which both sides queen and nothing can be achieved. . 37 Kc4 Now it is much harder for Black. 39 Kc3 a5 40 Nd3 fXe4 4 1 f Xe4 Ke7 (Diagram 2) 4 1 . . . but the weakness of the wing pawns then shows up. b5 + 38 Kb4. . . . . . with advantage. though this is probably Black's best. he switches his forces smoothly to the Q-wing with a speed which Black cannot possibly match. . . 37 .Nd6 43 Kd3 43 N X g6 + will not do . ._� 21 .g. e5 and f4. Kc5 1 40 d X e6 f X e4. aiming at c5.'�fi+r:�'-' .e X d4 4 1 Nf5 + Kc6 . . 42 . while 37 . . (c) 37 Kc3 Kc6 38 Nb4 + Kb6 39 Nd3.Nc4 A somewhat rickety outpost for the knight.Nb7 45 Na7 b4 46 a X b4 aXb4 47 Nc6 (not . Graphic proof of the value of the centre square e5 is the fact that White can menace both the a. 44 . a4 with a crippling of the majority) 39 Nb3 Kb6 40 Nc5 Kc6 4 1 Nd3 with some advantage. .w 42 N X h6 Ne6 43 f5) 40 d5 + Kf6 4 1 d6 Na8 (41 . followed if required by Ka5 and Nb4. but if 44 . would also give him a very passive game.a5 alone is hopeless after 39 Nd3 Nc7 40 a4 and Ne5. .. .of the enemy king. 38 Nb4 b5+ Again 38 . . .K£6 44 Nc6 Having drawn the enemy king right over to the other side. or if here + 40 . g5 43 Ne5 Ke7 44 Nc6 + .Nee 37 .. . .Kf6 44 e5 + K X g6 45 e X d6 Kf7 46 g4 Ke8 47 h4 Kd7 48 g5 h X g5 49 h5 (49 h X g5 is also useless) g4. If he plays 37 . Ng7 loses a pawn immedi­ ately after 42 g4! (42 Ne5 Nh5 43 g4 Nf4 is not so good) h5 43 Ne5. .and h-pawns in this way and with a knight! The move played is the only way to defend the pawn temporarily. or 42 . . . gives rise to the following variations: (a) 37 Kc3 Kc6 38 Ne3 (38 Kb4 Kb6) g6 39 d5 + e X d5? 40 e X f5 g X f5 4 1 N X f5 h5 42 Ng7 h4 43 g4 Kc5 44 Nf5 Ne6 45 N X h4 Ng5 46 f4 N X h3 47 f5 with a clear advantage. 38 e X f5 g X f5 c . Ne6 42 Nd5 +) 42 Kd5 and wins . . (b) (In the above line) 39 . .£4 40 g X f4 e X f4 4 1 Nf5 + . 42 Ne5 Hitting two pawns again and forcing Black into a counter-attack. . 39 Ne3 Ke6 (if 39 . . .43 . 43 . e. . a5.

. .Ke6 52 Nc4. . (b) 49 . and (b) because Black still has a weak square at e5. winning immediately. .e5(?) 4G d Xe5 + KeG 46 . The following variations indicate that White still retains winning chances. . . (c) 47 Kc2 ! Na3 + 48 Kb2 b4 49 Kb3 Nb5 50 Nc6 Nc3 5 1 e5 + Kf5 52 KXb4 Nd5 + 53 Kc5 and now. . the two more obvious defensive tries for Black are (l) 45 . a3 52 K X a3 Ke6 53 Kb4. is sufficient to win. although Black has set up a blockade for the moment. . e X d5 54 e6 and wins. . and Black cannot capture. . . a4 and (2) 45 . . However.45 . . . The first can be disposed of quickly .) b3 48 Kc3. . and if 53 . Ke4 or 53 . (2) 53 . . The a-pawn is now lost. 5 1 . . and White's extra pawn will win (a) because the pawns are still spread over five files. Nf7 53 d5 and now (l) 53 .N X e5 47 N X a5 is also hopeless in the long run. a4 46 Kb4 Nd2 47 e5 + Kf5 48 K X b5. .Ke7 52 Nc2 KeG 53 Na3 1-0. winning more material.g. .N X a3 is more complicated and is certainly the best chance for the second player. . . Kg5. when the white a-pawn will settle the matter rapidly. and White cannot win) Nf3 5 1 Nc6 Ng5 52 h4 Nh7 (or 52 . . 45 . 45 Kc3 (Diagram 3) Preparing 46 a4 and causing Black to indulge in a rather desperate pawn sacrifice. . followed shortly by Ne7. Instead. if 53 . .N X e5 54 N X e5 K X e5 55 d6 Kf6 56 Kc6 and wins) 53 Ne7 Nf8 54 Ng8 h5 55 Nf6 + Kf3 56 Kd6. . he finds himself short of moves. .Ne4 50 g4 + (50 Kc6 N X g3 5 1 d5 e X d5 52 Kd6 Ne4 + is not good enough) Kf4 5 1 Kc6 Kg3 52 d5 (52 Kd7 Ng5 is useless) e X d5 53 K X d5 Ng5 54 e6 N X e6 55 K X e6 K X h3 56 Nc4 K X g4 57 Ne5 + with a draw. 5 1 . . e. even if Black manages to restore material equality on the K -side. Ne3 54 Ne7 + Kg5 55 d5 is strong for White. the game is only lengthened by a couple of moves. though the outcome is not perfectly clear: (a) 46 N X a5 Nb 1 + 47 Kb4 Nd2 48 e5 + Kf5 22 49 K X b5 Ke4 50 Kc5 (if 50 Nc6 Kd5. . . or 5 1 . . 47 a4 NbG 48 a Xb5 a4 49 Kb4 h5 50 h4 Kd7 5 1 Nd4 5 1 Na5 is even simpler. then 54 Kd6. . N X a3. . which of course makes things worse for him. 45 . .Diagram 3 47 Kc4 Nd6 + etc. so that there is substantially play on both sides of the board.

he has no answer to the white king's threat to penetrate his position. although Black has kept the material balance. 45 Kb2 is inferior because of 45 . 2 (Counter-attack) 42 . or even b6. . a5 44 b X a5 R X a5 45 Kb4.GAME 7 White: Hecht Black: Hurme Nice Olympiad. . as 44 Rc7 + leads to nothing. . Kf6 Diagram 1 1 N£3 d5 2 b3 N£6 3 Bb2 g6 4 e4 e6 5 g3 Bg7 6 Bg2 0-0 7 0-0 Bg4 8 d3 QeB 9 Ne3 Bh3 10 e Xd5 B Xg2 1 1 K Xg2 e Xd5 12 Re 1 Ne6 1 3 Na4 QeB 14 Ne5 N Xe5 15 B Xe5 ReS 16 Qd2 Qb5 17 Qb2 b6 18 Re2 RXe2 19 QXe2 Qd7 20 Re 1 Ng4 2 1 B Xg7 K Xg7 22 h3 N£6 23 Qe7 RdB 24 Qe5 Qd6 25 Q Xd6 RXd6 26 Rea Rd7 27 e3 Rb7 28 K£ 1 h5 29 Ke2 e6 30 Ne3 b5 3 1 Re5 a6 32 Re6 Ra7 33 Kd2 K£8 34 a4 b X a4 35 N Xa4 Nd7 36 Ke3 Ne5 37 ReS + Ke7 38 d4 Nd7 39 b4 N£6 40 £3 NeB 4 1 Ne5 Nd6 42 Re6 (Diagram 1 ) Black finds himself under pressure from the more aggressively placed white pieces. 1 974 Reti Opening (b) 43 .Ra3 + 45 Kb4 Of course White must attack the rook. . which involves a knight sacrifice. Rb7 44 Nc5 Rb5 45 Kb3 N X e3 46 Ka4 Rb8 47 Rc7 + Ke8 48 b5 and again White is winning. . . His own majority cannot be advanced because it has no proper support. . . . a5 ! 43 b Xa5 RXa5 44 RXd6! The only hope for a win. - 23 . and if 45 . N X g3 44 b5 Rb7 45 Kb4 Nf5 46 Nc5 Rb8 47 Rc7 + Ke8 48 Na6 and wins.Kd7 45 Kb4-c5) 45 Kb4. . his immediate problem being the fate of his a-pawn. R X e3 and now White must hurry back to save his remaining pawns (counter-attack is as yet impossible on account of Black's firm pawn structure) 46 Rd7 + Ke8 (not 46 . He correctly decides on the advance of the pawn. . 44 . . . . . and. (c) 43 . . . after being convinced that the alternatives are worthless : 1 (Passive defence) 4 2 . . . . . . Nb5 + 43 Kb3 Nc7 (or 43 . Na7 46 Rc7 + Kd8 47 Rd7 + and 48 K X a5) 44 Ka4 and the king penetrates to a5. 42 . and it is important to choose the right square. with a comfortable win.N X e3 44 b5 Nc4 (44 . . Nf5 43 N X a6 (not 43 R X a6 because he wants to retain his active rook) and now: (a) 43 .

After 50 Kb4 we have 50 .47 Nb7! R X £3 48 Nd8 R X g3 49 R X £7 + Kg5 50 N X e6 + Kh4 5 1 Nf4 g5 52 N X d5 Rd3 53 Ne7 1 K X h3 54 d5 g4 . 48 . pawns which now follows is extremely difficult for both sides. After 48 . . . both aimed at re­ centralising. . .h4 57 R X h4 +1 57 R X h5 + Kg2 58 N£5! and wins) 47 Rb7 R X £3 48 Rb3 R£2 + 1 49 Kc3 g5 1 and the fixing of the white h-pawn guarantees Black the win of a fur­ ther pawn. is good for White . After the correct text move Black has no such resource.fixing the g-pawn . 50 h4 K£6 5 1 N d3 (5 1 Kb3 Kf5-g4 is even worse) Kf5 52 Nf2 £6 53 Kb3 g5 54 Kc3 g X h4 55 g X h4 Kf4 and it is White who will be fighting to draw. since 46 . He chooses to exchange. followed by N d3-e5 or N d3-f4 and the re­ centralising of the king. . 46 . especially since they are still relatively backward.g.Kf6 5 1 Kc3 Kg5 52 Kd3 (52 Nb7? h4 53 g4 K£4 54 N d8 Kg3 is very bad for White) h4 53 g4 Kf4 and Black's domination of the squares f4 and g3 is a big step forward The follow-up might be 54 Ke2 (not 54 Nb7 Kg3 55 Ke3 g5 1 . In view of this White's choice lies between the move played and 50 Kb4. so a draw may well be the correct outcome with best play. rightly I think. or to keep his rook. .RXe3 46 Rd7+ Taking the opportunity to force Black to the back rank. . Rfl 49 h4.R Xa3 49 K Xa3 Ke7 (Diagram 2) He must advance at once.56 Nd8 £5 1 and White is in a bad way whichever way he captures) Kg3 55 Ke3 g51 (again fixing and avoiding a possible future g5 from White) and Black wins a third pawn. as his king then comes through quite Diagram 2 �--��� quickly to the scene of action. 45 . . . in which case the white pieces will disturb his king and make it difficult for him to find suitable play. 50 Nd3 It would be most unwise to touch the pawns yet. .K£6 would suffer the same fate as shown in the last note after 47 Nb7 etc. . e. . 55 Kc2 Rd4 56 Rh7 g3 56 . . but Black's structure is very strong and his king is better placed. to be as far ahead of the white king as possible The ending of knight vs. White therefore decides to cover f4 24 . . One would not normally expect two pawns to be sufficient compensation for a piece.Ke8 47 Ra7 RX£3 48 Ra3 Black now faces the difficult problem of whether to exchange his active rook and try to penetrate the K-side with his king.

. . see the next note. but the variations (a) 55 N X e6 + Ke5 56 N£4 K£5 57 Ke3 and (b) 55 N X e6 + Ke4 25 . leaving a draw .Ke4 53 . . . . . e5. (b) 53 Ng5 + K X d4 54 N X e6 + Ke3 and the white pawns will be wiped out.K X d4 leaves White without a passed pawn. .h41 54 g X h4 K£4 5 5 Ng4 (55 Nd3 + Kg3 56 Nc5 e5. 52 . . . . . and so it is safer to deprive White of his . .K X g3 56 N X e6 K X h3 57 N£4 + Kg4 58 N X d5 h4 may also be playable but would certainly not win.Ke4 would soon have made the draw clear 53 Ne5 (nothing else is to be seriously considered) f6 54 N X g6 Kf3 55 N£8 (not 55 N£4? h41) e5 (55 . . .e3? 59 Ne5 + is bad) 59 h X g4 e3 60 Ne5 + K£4. 5 1 Kb4 White can do nothing without his king.g.g. 5 1 .h4 is unplayable now. . . .53 . without being as accurate as 52 . or the more cautious 52 . 5 1 . so opts for the safe move. The move chosen not only brings the king nearer but retains control over £4 and keeps Nc5 + in reserve. .e X d4 + 58 K X d4 g5 59 h5. 5 1 Nf4 Kf7 52 Kb3 leaves him without a good move. In view of this. allowing White's king an extra tempo to approach the centre . . . . and faced with the threat of further consolida­ tion by White (54 Ke3). . planning . 52 .g. . .f6. 53 . . Ke5 57 N£8 K£5 58 Ke3 is Zugzwang) 57 Ke2 d4 58 Nf8 K£5 59 Kd3 and wins. (c) 57 . 54 g X h4 Ke4 55 Nc5 + K X d4 (or 55 .K£5 52 Kc3 Black now has to choose between the immediate advance of his king.Ke4. e. . . drawing. . . . . K£5 1 52 N X £7 Ke4 and now: (a) 53 Ne5 K X d4 54 N X g6 Ke3 55 Ne5 (55 Nh4 d4 56 g4 h X g4 57 h X g4 K£4) Ke4 and Black certainly cannot lose. and White is winning) 56 N X e6 + Ke4 (56 .£6 This move is quite sound. Kd6 and . . . K£5 56 Ke3 e5 57 Nd3 and now (a) 57 . If 50 . . .at once. or 55 Kd2 Kg3 56 Ke2 e5 57 d X e5 f X e5 and White will quickly lose both his pawns) e5 1 56 N X £6 e X d4 + 5 7 K X d4 Kg3 and draws. . . followed shortly by a counter-sacrifice at f4 and White wins easily. · d�awn) 56 d X e5 fXe5 57 Ng6 e4 58 g4 h X g4 (58 . and the attempt to hold Black up by 5 1 Ne5 would be fruitless. 53 Kd2! 53 N£4? h4 would clearly be bad. Black takes the plunge and correctly liquidates into an ending where White is reduced to his last pawn. . However. 50 K£6 Black should on no account loosen his pawn position before his king is well advanced. followed by Ng3( + ) and h5. g5 53 N X h5 Kg6 54 g4 f5 55 Kc3 f4 56 Kd3. 54 Nc5 + K£3 Another problem for Black 54 . e4 58 Nf4 (b) 57 . . Ke6 58 Nc 1 1 K£5 59 Ne2. He may well have been pressed for time at move 52. while Black has the same reply to 5 3 N£2 . . . e. . 52 .f6. abandoning the £-pawn. . . e.

56 Ke2 (otherwise 56 .Kg4! A strange-iooking move. . . .h4? Having played the ending well up to now. . .Kg 1 68 Kg3 mates. . (b) 58 . h3 6 1 N X h3) 6 1 Ne2 + Kg2 62 d6 f4 + (if 62 . while the natural 57 .£5 59 Nf4 h4 60 d5 g5 (60 . . the main reason being that the h-pawn needs extra protection to enable . .£5 fails against 58 Ne71 (if 58 N£4 + ? Kg3 59 N X g6 h4 and the knight has to be sacrificed at once. it is essential to cover the h-pawn and Black would 26 Diagram 3 then lose as follows: 58 Ke3 ! (not 58 N X f6 h4 59 Ne4 + Kf4 and Black gets back towards the white pawn) and now (a) 58 . . on account of 59 . . . Kg4 59 N X g6 h4 60 Ke3 h3 6 1 Ne5 + and 62 Nf3 and White is winning.Ke4. . g5 59 d5 f4 (59 . . 57 . It turns out that in this case the two pawns are not sufficient to hold the . . in fact. .Kf3) g5 57 Nc5 + Kd4 58 Nd7 f5 59 Kf3 Kc3 60 Ne5 are clearly dangerous for him. . . . . if 58 Ne3 then not 58 .h3 63 d7 h2 64 d8/Q h l /Q 65 Q X g5 + and mate in a few moves) 63 N X f4 + g X f4 + 64 K X f4 h3 65 d7 h2 66 d8/Q h l /Q and we have one of those curious cases where a king and queen can beat a king and queen. Black throws it away. . In the following analysis there are also a number of variations in which both sides queen a pawn and White is then able to win by a direct attack. . . . . g5 to be played shortly Obviously 57 . but the only correct one.Kh4 1 59 d5 Kg5 and Black catches the pawn) and now (a) 58 . . . .f4 59 d5 f3 60 N X g6 f2 6 1 Ke2 Kg2 62 Nf4 + and wins. although a draw should still be the outcome. (b) 58 . . 58 . . . . .Kg2 58 Nf4 + is bad. as mentioned.f4 59 d5 etc. . as does 67 . h4 59 N X f6 h3 60 Ne4 + and 6 1 Nf2 wins. . but 58 . In some variations the right plan is not to try to hold on to all three pawns but to let one go and use the time to edge across towards the white pawn. Black has to play with great precision. . . g4 60 N X f5) 60 d6 f3 6 1 Nf5 and wins. .Kg3 might seem plausible but. 58 Ke3 58 N X f6 + Kf5 is worse as the knight cannot then return to d5. After the further 67 Qd2 + Kh3 (if 67 . There is no possibility of Black's winning without a serious error on White's part and. 57 . .Kf 1 68 Qd l + Kg2 69 Qe2 + Kg l 70 Kg3) 68 Qe3 + White mates in two more moves. 55 N Xe6 K Xg3 56 Nc7 K Xh3 57 N Xd5 (Diagram 3) The game is now very delicately balanced. . (c) 58 . .

K£5 64 Ne2 Kg5 White wins as shown with 65 Ke4. . 27 . In this last variation 68 . . . . 59 N Xf6 + Kf5 60 Ne4 g5 The pawns advance together to avoid blockade as far as possible. . 63 Nf4 63 d5 is bad and transposes into the note to Black's next move.Kg8 transposes) 72 Qe6 + Kg7 (72 . . even so.. . he is able to find a win .Kh6 74 Qf6 + Kh7 75 Q£7 + and mates. (c) 59 N£6 + Kg5 60 Nh7 + Kg4 6 1 d5 f4 + 62 Kf2 K£5 and draws. . Ke6? 68 Kc5 and wins) 68 d7 h 1 /Q 69 Ng3 + Ke6 and draws. .other­ wise 66 Ke4 etc. Black makes waiting moves with his king to try and avoid blockade. viz. White dare not leave the black pawns to support his own but. Not however 65 d5 K£5 66 Kd4 h3 67 d6 h2 (67 .£5 1. which is important because blockade would be the first step towards winning the pawns .Kg8 74 Qe8 + Kg7 75 Nh5 + Kh6 76 Qh8 + Kg5 77 Qf6 + wins the queen. or 62 Nc1 f3) h4 and Black queens with check and draws easily. . . . If here 60 Ng8 1? h4 6 1 d5 £4 + 62 K£3 K£5. 62 . as would 63 . . . g3 then suffer the same fate as in the last note while if 63 . K£5 7 1 Qf8 + Kg5 72 Qg7 + I mates at e5 or wins the queen) 7 1 Qd7 + K£6 (7 1 . 63 . White's chosen move does not spoil anything but merely prolongs the game. . . . K£7 (70 . 64 Ne2 Kh4 65 Kf4 h2 66 Ng3 1-0. (b) 59 Ne7 Kg5 60 d5 K£6 6 1 Nc6 h4 and again the three pawns permit Black to draw comfortably. K£6 64 K£4 g3 65 Ng 1 Ke6 66 Ke4 wins. Kg5 73 Qe5 + wins the queen) 73 Qe7 + and now (a) 73 . . Ke6 64 Ke4 and White must win because he has as many tempo moves with his knight as he wishes.g4 62 Ne2 Kg5 . 6 1 Nc3 Not 6 1 d5? h3 62 d6 h2 63 d7 h 1 /Q 64 Ng3 + Ke6 with a draw. but White could have won more quickly with 63 Ke4. . after which White has the following choices: (a) 59 N£4 g5 60 Nd3 f4 + 6 1 Ke4 (or 6 1 Kf2 K£5 62 d5 g4 and White cannot hope to win) Kg3 1 62 d5 (or 62 Ne 1 g4. . Ke6? 69 d8/Q h l /Q 70 N£4 + would be bad play by Black but would illustrate how a queen and knight can sometimes stir up enough threats to beat a queen. 70 . .66 Ng 1 Kg5 67 K X g2 Kf4 68 Kh3 Ke4 69 Ne2 etc. . 6 1 .h3 Losing quickly. 63 . . .g3 64 Kf3 etc. or if here 63 . .draw and Black should therefore have secured all three by 58 . . . If 62 . .h3 would have lost after 63 Ng3 + Kg5 64 Ke4 Kh4 65 K£4. (b) 73 . . . but after 63 . . h3 and . g3 63 K£3 Kg5 64 N£4 K£5 65 Nh3 g2(!) . . . . . .

34 B X h3 g X h3 28 . since his attacking prospects have persisted into the endgame. (a) 35 Rb7 Nf3 + 36 Kh 1 Rd4 37 Rd7 Rd2 38 R X d6 + Kg5 leaves no defence to the threat of 39 . Rd2 cannot be permitted without a fight. Nh3 + looks the most dangerous . although the strength of this attack is by no means obvious. . Finally an exchange of rooks would favour Black. whose king could invade the centre at once.g. . 33 . 33 . e. Nh3 + appears to be a good alternative to the actual choice. R X f2 and mate. Altogether. . . 33 Ne3 If 33 Bfl Ngf3 + 34 Kh 1 Nd2 would be catastrophic for White. . (b) 3 7 Kf l h 5 3 8 Bh 1 Ke5 39 Nc2 (39 Ke2 Kd4 leaves Diagram 1 1 c4 g6 2 Nc3 Bg7 3 g3 Nc6 4 Bg2 d6 5 Nf3 e5 6 d3 £5 7 0-0 Nf6 8 Rh 1 h6 9 b4 g5 10 b5 Ne7 1 1 a4 Nd7 12 Ne 1 Nc5 13 e3 0-0 14 d4 Ne6 1 5 Nc2 e Xd4 16 e Xd4 f4 17 Re 1 Kh8 18 Nd5 N£5 19 Bb2 Bd7 20 Qd3 c6 2 1 b Xc6 b Xc6 22 Ndb4 g4 23 N Xc6 B Xc6 24 B Xc6 Ng5 25 Bg2 Rb8 26 Bc3 R X b 1 27 R X b 1 Qf6 28 g X£4 Nh4 29 d5 QX£4 30 B Xg7+ K Xg7 3 1 Qd4+ Kg6 32 Q X£4 RX£4 (Diagram 1 ) In spite of his pawn deficit Black has the better chances in practice. if he is to stand a chance. 1 97 4 Black: Larsen Enghsh Opening and now. hemmed in by his own d -pawn and having to keep watch over the various knight checks which might be dangerous. Secondly Black's control of g2 means that back row threats are in the air and his control of f3 and h3 makes it difficult to hft the threats other than by running with the king. when the exchange of rooks leaves White with a wretched collection of pieces. so the other possibility is 34 Rd 1 . Firstly the white bishop is a bad piece. . . (b) 35 Kf l Nf3 36 Ke2 N X h2 37 Rh 1 Nf3 1.Rd4 Of all the possible direct attacks based on a knight check. . R X d 1 + 35 N X d l Kf5 36 Ne3 + Kf4 and now : (a) 37 Kf l h5 38 Ke2 N X g2 39 N X g2 + Ke4 40 Ne3 Nf3 4 1 Nfl Kd4 and if 42 h3 Ng 1 + . . . . 34 . (c) 35 Rd 1 Nf3 + 36 Kh l Ne5 and Black is well on top. 34 . 33 .GAME 8 White: Pfleger Manila. 34 Rb8 It must be immediate counterplay. .

namely that in the second case this g -pawn will be defended and the white rook will be more vulnerable at d6. The alternative of 37 Bf l fares no better in view of 37 . Rg2 + 4 1 Kh 1 Nf3 and mate. 36 . .Nd2 + against 36 . . . Ngf3.Nf3 +. h5 traps him with the attack continuing unabated. If he decides on the a-pawn. . when the win of two pieces for a rook is disastrous 37 . . This leads us to the chief distinction between the manoeuvre Rb7 X a7 and the win of the cl-pawn. Nd4 38 Ke 1 nor 37 . Nhf3 is ineffective here on account of 37 N X g4. 36 . Moreover. .Kf5-e4. .Ngf3 looks good. Nd2 + 38 Ke 1 N X g2 + 3 9 N X g2 N X c4 40 a6 Ne5. . whereupon 36 a5 (36 N X g4 permits mate in three) allows a glorious assortment of mating attacks. 37 a5.Diagram 2 White without a decent move) a 5 1 40 Na3 (or 40 Ke2 Ngf3 4 1 B Xf3 N X f3 42 h3 N g 1 + ) Kd4 4 1 Nb5 + Kc5 4 2 Na3 Kb4 43 Nb5 Nf5 and Black wins. Ra2 threatening 40 . . 34 . and then 39 . . . but rather whether White should attack the cl-pawn (Rb8-d8 or Rb7-d7) or the a-pawn. . . . . . . if 4 1 N X g4. N X h2 + 38 Kg 1 achieves anything concrete and therefore Black's best is probably 37 . . . . viz. If White declines to take. If then 40 Ne3 Nf3 + 4 1 Kf 1 N X h2 + and the h-pawn is unstoppable. viz. 4 1 .Nc5. .g. . however. Notice that 36 . when he keeps the a-pawn under control and in return for his material deficit has better placed pieces and a number of threats. Nd3 + and . e. or 38 Ke 1 Ng2 + . . the situation is less clear. winning at once) Ra1 + 39 Nfl Ng2 40 a5 Nf4 4 1 h4 Ne2+ 42 Kh2 R X f l 43 a 6 R X f2 + 4 4 Kh3 Rg2 and mates. Ra1 + 37 Nf1 Nh3 + 38 B Xh3 (or 38 Kh 1 Nf4 !) g X h3. etc. as played. Ra1 + 38 Ke2 Re 1 + 39 Kd3 R X e3 + ? 4 0 K X e3 1 N X g2 + 4 1 Kd3 and White must win . The game continuation makes this clear. Having settled that. Nh3 + 38 Kh 1 N X f2 + 39 Kg 1 Nh3 + 40 Kh 1 Nf5. . but only if White takes it . . 41 . we have 34 Rb7 Rd2 35 R X a7 Ra2. forcing 39 f4 to fend off the mate. . . 4 1 . Now. . . . . which would lose a piece by 37 . 36 Kf l .Rd2 35 Rd8 Ra2 36 R Xd6+ Kh5 (Diagram 2) 37 Kf l . mating in two if the knight is captured or. . . viz. neither 37 . 29 In the face of all this violence White must clearly run with his king at move 36.37 B X f3 g X f3 38 Kg 1 (or 38 Nd1 Ng2 and a deadly pin to follow. the question is not so much whether 34 Rb7 or 34 Rb8 is better.

. but for which White would surely have continued 40 R X h6 + K Xh6 4 1 N X g4 + Kg6 42 N X f2 N X g2 43 c5. . etc. Nfd8 if required) and now either 45 . 40 Be4(?) This should really be classed as an error due to time trouble. . . .Ne4. which is now a serious possibility. since as played Black soon has to abandon his g-pawn anyway). . Nd8 47 N X g4 + . . winning outright. if he takes the line starting with 39 . . Black's king would have come one square nearer to the white pawns. 43 . in spite of the dangers to the white king. R X a4 38 c5 being too slow? The threat is 38 . . on the other hand. which also gives Black no more than a draw) 40 Ke 1 Ne4 4 1 Re6 Nc3 42 Kd2 N X d 1 43 d 6 N X f2 4 4 c 5 (not 44 ReS + Kg6 45 Rd5 Rd 1 + 46 Ke3 R X d5 47 c X d5 Ng4 + 48 K X f3 Ne5 + and wins) Black can do no better than draw by 44 . but things are a bit more complicated. . Kf6. a draw is the most likely result. On the other hand. Kf5 (43 . . e. .g. .g. . 37 .Kg5 45 Ke4 Kf6 46 Kd5 1 (not 4 6 N X g4 + Ke6) h 5 4 7 c6. Ne4 40 Re6 Re2 4 1 c5 Nd2 + 42 Kg 1 Ne4 43 Kf l . . .Again forced. . . releases all the pressure and Black now has nothing to match the hostile passed pawns. After that. . . . . 37 . what about 37 . . as shown earlier. allowing an exchange of knights. no win can be demonstrated from Black's attack and that his best chance was definitely to try 37 . e. N X g2 40 N X g2 R X f2 might be a little better. . Nhf3 . . but with an extra pawn (only one extra. 40 . out of the way of the advancing pawns. . or 43 .44 d6 Nf3 45 Ke4 (not 45 Nfl N3e5. . The line chosen also wins. . 44 c6 44 d6 looks good at first. when he has the same type 30 Diagram 3 of ending as actually occurs. . 38 Ke2 Ra2 + 39 Kd3 RX£2 39 . . . Ne4. . .N3e5 . Then. would be even worse) 44 c6 Nf7 45 Kd4 and White should win. But Black can do better . Nhf3. Nf4 + 44 Kd4 Kf6 45 c6 Ke7 46 Kc5 Nf7 47 h4. or 46 . The conclusion seems to be that. and this time White has little choice but to take. . R X h2 42 R X h6 + ). . but this appears to make little difference.Rd2+ 4 1 K Xd2 N Xe4+ 42 Kd3 N Xd6 (Diagram 3) 43 c5 Nf7 Much the best square. then . 44 . though he would have no real chance of saving this position (4 1 Ne3 and if 4 1 . Now.Rd 1 + 45 Ke3 Ng4 + and might not even manage that. . Nc6 and . Ra l + ? This. after 38 B X f3 g X f3 39 Nd1 Ra1 (or 39 . .

. threatening 47 c6. a6 52 Na7) 52 a6 Now the knight at c8 cannot move and against other defences White's plan is much the same.N Xh2 46 Kd5 (or 46 Nf5. . if instead 44 . 47 N Xg4+ Ke7 48 Ne5 ! Far better than 4 8 N X h6? Kd7. . . .Nc8 (or 5 1 . . . . Ng6 47 Kc5. nor 46 .Kf6 Not 46 . If 50 . . 5 1 . . should he venture there. 46 . . . . Instead he forces Black to abandon the g-pawn by his threat of 47 Ke5. .Nf3 45 Nc4 N(either) e 5 + 46 N X e5 N X e 5 + 4 7 Kd4 Nf7 48 c7 Nd6 49 Ke5 and wins easily. Finally. . 50 . . while the knight at f5 is needed to check the king away from c6. . 45 .Ne3 5 1 Kc6 Nef5 52 Ng6 + Ke8 53 Nh4 1 N X h4 54 K X d6 Nf5 + 55 Ke6 Ne7 56 d6 and wins.Nd8 47 Kd5 Nf3 48 c6 N X c6 49 K X c6 Ne5 + with at least a draw for Black) g3 47 c6 Ng4 ! 48 Ng2 (or 48 N X g4 g2 49 c7 g l /Q 50 c8/Q Q X g4 and Black wins) Nf6 + 49 Ke6 Nd8 + and Black should win.46 Kd5 Kg5 47 c6 N X c6 48 K X c6 h5 leading to a hkely draw. .g. e. 48 .Nd6 45 Nc4 Nhf5 46 N X d6 N X d6 47 Kd4 Kg6 48 Ke5 and a pawn queens very quickly If 44 . 45 c7 Nd6 46 Kd4 46 Nc4 Nhf5 47 N X d6 N X d6 48 Kd4 Kf6 49 Kc5 Ke7 would be bad. a6 5 1 Kb6 obviously only makes things worse. The black king will now also be shut out of the vital square d7. . . .Nhf5 + 49 Kc5 h5 50 aS (Diagram 4) Kf6 He is getting close to Zugzwang. From now on Black can only defend passively. if 44 . . .Kg5 He must bring the king into action. when he will be strugghng to draw.Ng7 5 1 Kc6 Nge8 52 a6 Kf6 (neither knight can move) 53 Nc4 Ke7 54 h4 Nc8 55 Kb7 Ned6 + 56 N X d6 N X d6 + 5 7 K X a7 Nc8 + 5 8 Kb8 Kd7 59 d6 ! wins . . Ng6 45 Nf5 1 neatly covers e7 and d6. If. so that 46 c7 is unstoppable. once the pawns are Diagram 4 blockaded. 50 . . .Kf7 53 Ne5 + Kf6 54 Nc4 Ke7 55 Kc6 Nd4 + 56 Kb7 and wins. White has no hope even of a draw . . 31 . but this new attack is too much for Black. . 5 1 Nc6 5 1 Nc4 Ke7 just repeats the position. 44 . . . 46 . . . Nhf5 + 47 Ke5 1 (but not 47 N X f5 K X f5 48 Kc5 Ke5). namely to retire the knight and penetrate to c6 with the king If now 52 . or more dangerously collect­ ing the h -pawn and then returning quickly with his knight.

. . . much as in the game..K X g2 62 h4 etc. it must be Nf3 first. . . . .Ng7 53 Nd4 Ne8 54 Kc6 breaking through to d7 or b7. 56 Kd7 N Xc7 57 K X c7 N Xd5 + 58 Kb7 Kg5 If 58 . 32 . 54 Nd4 Ne8 55 KeG Ne7+ Even d7 can no longer be covered because of the check at f5.. . . . (b) 53 . . with the added attraction that if 6 1 .if 52 .an illustration of how close this ending is I The same naturally holds true on the next move. . if anything: (a) 53 . KXh3 62 Nf4 + 1 N X f4 63 K X a7 Nd5 (or 63 . . if 52 . . .h4 53 h3 Ng7 The variations are now similar to those in the last note. i. . with the additional point that Black's h-pawn is a little weaker. Nfd6 53 Nd4 Ke7 54 Kc6 Nb6 55 h4 Nbc8 56 Ne6 Nb6 57 Nf4 etc.Nfd6 54 Nd4 Ke7 55 Kc6 Nb6 56 Nf3 Nf5 57 N X h4! N X h4 58 d6 + Ke8 59 d7 + and wins. 1-0. 52 . 59 Nf3+ K£4 60 N Xh4 Kg3 6 1 Ng2 ! A very pleasing finish on the same theme. If 6 1 . as in the last note.e. .Nd3 64 Kb6) 64 Kb7 wins. Nb4 59 Nf3 (but not 59 K X a7? Kg5 60 Nf3 + Kf4 6 1 N X h4 Kg3 and White loses both pawns) Kf5 60 N X h4 + Kf4 6 1 Ng2 + Kg3 62 h4 K X g2 63 K X a7 and a pawn must queen . . so a piece must be sacrificed.Nfd6 54 Nd4 Nf5 55 N X f5 K X f5 56 Kc6 Ke5 57 Kb7 Nd6 + 58 K X a7 K X d5 59 Kb8 and wins. .Nfd6 54 Nd4 Ke5 55 Nf3 + Kf4 56 N X h4 Kg3 57 Ng6 K X h3 58 Ne7 and wins. . (c) 53 .

1 3 Tal's king smashes up his opponent's game almost single-handed. or rather the last half of it. 1 1 is a typical case of play on one side (cf. 1 4 has Karpov squeezing every ounce of advantage out of his position by some subtle pawn play The last game shows play with an unbalanced pawn structure.3. Most of these should be drawn with best play. and again makes reference to the wrong rook pawn. 9 and 1 0 are both technical achievements by White. 1 974 Sicilian Defence 1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 d6 3 Bb5 + Bd7 4 B Xd7 + Q Xd7 5 c4 e5 6 Nc3 Nc6 7 d3 g6 8 a3 Bg7 9 Rb 1 Nge7 10 b4 b6 1 1 0-0 0-0 12 Nd5 NXd5 13 c Xd5 Nd4 14 N Xd4 c Xd4 15 Bd2 Rac8 16 Qb3 Rc7 17 Rbc 1 Rfc8 18 b5 R X c 1 19 R X c 1 RXc 1 + 2 0 B X c 1 Qc7 2 1 Qc4 Q Xc4 22 dXc4 (Diagram 1 ) The following general points may be made about this position. 43 and 44). The remainder of the chapter is devoted to opposite bishops. 1 3. opposite bishops appearing in Nos. no less than three crop up here. 1 2 is a difficult analysis of the longest World Championship game ever played. also Nos. In No. No. if Black plays his king to the centre and sits tight he should be able to - Diagram 1 33 . It concerns chiefly the question of bishop and wrong rook pawn. and illustrate manoeuvring against pawn weaknesses and the use of Zugzwang. GAME 9 White : Spassky Black: Byrne Candidates' Quarter-final. and the exceptions to the basic drawn position which can arise. with World Champions again at work in the first two . Nos . Although this book contains few references to endgame studies. No. Bishops The first part of this chapter deals with bishops of the same colour. 1 The black bishop is a slightly inferior piece.1 5. but not hopelessly so. while No. but with four pawns against three there is plenty of scope for defensive errors.

Byrne may also have been pressing a little harder than the position warrants.Kc7 33 h3 Kd7 34 Ba5 ! The first prod at the black pawns which echoes throughout the ending. 22 . . .b X a5 35 b6. . . . 27 eX£5! Spassky sees deeply into the position. Not immediately 32 h3? on account of 32 . .hold the game. Bc7 and Bb8. He will now have the twin options of shattering the black pawn structure in the centre by f4. . if Black captures he is faced with (BX a5). . . Meanwhile Black can only move around with his king. 32 . Being two points down in the match. . . .f4 would give him a spatial advantage which might compensate for the inferior bishop and pawn structure. 34 . 2 . .£6 23 Kf l Bf8 24 a4 Be7 25 Ke2 Kf7 26 Bd2 £5? This is not a fatal mistake.Ke8 37 Bg 1 Be7? This is the decisive mistake. 30 aS Ke8 Not 30 . This is one of the main themes of the ending. queening by force. It is possible that Black overrated his position. .h4 1 crippling the majority.Bf6 46 g5 Bg7 47 Ke4 1 Kg6 48 Ba5 1) 46 g5 Bd8 47 g6 + Kg7 48 Ke6 K X g6 49 K X d6 Kf5 (or 34 . Better was 26 .g X£5 28 Kd3 Bf6 29 £3 Naturally 29 . . or if he does not capture then a6 leaves him under the constant threat of a sacrifice on b6 to promote the a-pawn. Kd7 38 g4 f X g4 39 f X g4 h X g4 40 h X g4 Ke7 4 1 Ke4 Kf7 42 Kf5 Bd8 43 Bf2 Be7 44 Be l Bd8 45 Bd2 Be7 (or 45 . . . 36 . 27 . if 34 . . . . but White is still probing in the moves up to the adjournment. but it gives White more targets to attack.Kc8 35 Be 1 Kd7 36 Bf2 Now thinking in terms of a pos­ sible f4.h5 Black keeps his bishop on f6 in order to hold back f4. 29 .b X a5? 3 1 B X a5 followed by Bc7-b8 3 1 a6 Kd7 32 g3 (Diagram 2) Since f4 is not yet possible he prepares the alternative break g4. . Then White will adopt the alternative plan of g4 with the following variations: l . . Bd8 (holding up a5) 27 Bb4 Ke7 etc. Rather than permitting f4 in this way Black would do better to continue moving backwards and forwards with his king. after which 27 . . .37 . . Diagram 2 or penetrating with his king via the white squares after f3 and g4. . .e4 + must be stopped. The threat is simply 35 B X b6. It does not achieve anything at this point.White has another small advantage in that he can advance his a-pawn to a5. . expecting 27 f3 or Kd3.

trying for Bg7-h6-g5 and then Kg3-h4. . that of creating a passed pawn. . is very instructive.Bh4 51 c5 ! e4 52 c X b6 e3 53 Be l and wins.h4 which will increase Black's defensive burden by creating another target on a black square. . Diagram 3 . but if instead 38 . 2 . In view of all this Black decides he may as well play . . . .Kc7 41 Bc3 Kd7 42 Bb4 Kc7 43 Ke3 B£6 44 K£3 White is now trying to force . . 38 £4 e X£4 After which a pawn is lost. . Be? 50 Bd4 Bd8 5 1 Bg7 Be? 52 Bh6 Bd8 53 Bg5 Kd7 54 Kd4 Kc7 55 c5 ! ! d X c5 + (or 55 . . which will sooner or later be forced anyway. . 39 g X£4 Kd7 40 B Xd4 (Diagram 3) Here the final stage begins.Kd7 45 c 5 1 d X c5 35 46 B X c5 and White has already solved his major problem. B X e5 40 B X d4 B X g3 4 1 B X b6) 40 c5 e4 + 4 1 Kc4 d3 42 Be3 (42 c X b6 d2 43 b X a7 d 1 /Q 44 a8/Q + also wins) Bd8 43 Kc3 1 and Black must lose on the queen's side. .h4 45 Ke3 Bg7 46 Kd3 B£6 47 Bd2 After 47 Bc3 B X c3 ! 48 K X c3 White has no hope of winning. but even the most stubborn defence loses. . . . . Spassky is faced with the problem of evaluating his extra pawn in spite of the crippled majority.37 . .h4 at some point. Bg7 45 Kg3 Bf6 46 Ba3 1. Black must be very careful. in a similar way to the game: 49 . . .e4 5 1 K X d8 e3 52 Be l Ke4 53 d6 d3 54 d7 d2 55 B X d2 e X d2 56 Kc7 d l /Q 57 d8/Q and wins . . . . . Bf6 39 f X e5 d X e5 (39 . forcing the black bishop to move off the long diagonal and therefore transposing into the previous line.e4 50 Ke5 e3 5 1 Be l Bf6 + 52 Ke4 e2 53 Bd2 Bh4 54 c5 and wins) 50 Kd7 and now: (a) 50 . . and the way he approaches this. thereby forcing . . 44 . . . or if 44 . Kg5 at some stage. . 47 . (b) 50 . Even if White manoeuvres his bishop to d2 first in this line to prevent . .Kf7 1 38 g4 f X g4 39 f X g4 h X g4 40 h X g4 Kg6 4 1 Ke4 Bd8 and White can make no progress. 40 . . . If instead 44 . for example if 44 . .Kd7 48 Be3 Kc7 49 Bf2 Kc8 Allowing a brilliant finish. Be? 45 Bc3.49 . .h4. by taking advantage of all the little tactical details in the position. b X c5 + 5 6 Ke3 B X g5 57 f X g5 and wins) 56 Ke5 B X g5 57 f X g5 c4 58 g6 and wins. . . . the black bishop will just oscillate between d8 and c7 (to keep an eye on b6) and nothing can be done. .

GAME 10 White : Polugaevsky Black: Balashov USSR Championship. KeG 54 Kc4 Bf6 55 Bc5 BdB 56 Bd4! K Xd6 The only move to stop the enemy king getting to d51 57 Be5 + KeG 58 BbB Kd7 59 Kd5 1-0. Bb6 53 Bf6) 53 Bg7 Kc8 54 Bh6 Kb8 (54 . . . but after this move the echo returns 52 B Xc5! BdB 53 Bb4 Diagram 4 The rest is easy because Black's whole position is laid open and his weak points exposed. .Kd7 He cannot simply allow Kc4-d5-c6 (or e6).57 g6 and wins) 55 Bg5 and Black must surrender the h-pawn. . . . 1 977 English Opening 1 c4 e5 2 Nc3 Nc6 3 Nf3 f5 4 d4 e4 5 Ng5 Nf6 6 e3 Bb4 7 Bd2 Qe7 8 Nh3 NdB 9 a3 B Xc3 10 B Xc3 d6 1 1 Nf4 0-0 12 Be2 c6 13 d5 c5 14 h4 Nf7 15 b4 b6 16 g3 Ne5 17 b XcS b XcS 18 Rb 1 Nfg4 19 Kf l Rf7 20 Kg2 QeB 2 1 Qc2 Re7 22 Rb2 BaG 23 Ba5 RbB 24 RXbB Q XbB 25 Rb 1 Rb7 26 RXb7 QXb7 27 Ne6 Nf6 28 Bc3 Ned7 29 NdB Qc7 30 Nc6 Nb6 3 1 B Xf6 g Xf6 32 a4 NcB 33 Qb2 Kg7 36 34 aS Ne7 35 N Xe7 Q Xe7 36 QbB Qd7 37 Kg 1 Qe7 38 Bf l Qd7 39 Kh2 Qe7 40 Kg 1 Qd7 41 QaB Qc7 42 QeB BcB 43 Bh3 Qd7 44 Qh5 Qf7 45 Qd 1 Qb7 46 Kg2 (Diagram l ) a6(?) White stands somewhat better. (b) 5 1 . 53 . 5 1 d6! Not 51 Kc4? Be7.b X c5 5 1 Be l l (not 5 1 Kc4 Kc7 52 Be l Kb6) and now: (a) 5 1 . sealing up the Q-side as far as possible and preventing a later . . . . . .he plans to march his king through the white squares in the centre. chiefly on account of his oppo­ nent's pawn weaknesses and the chance of penetrating with his queen. losing rapidly. .Kc7 52 Ba5 + Kc8 53 Kc4 followed by b6 and the king penetrates decisively to c6. a6. White now demonstrates the other main point of his sacrifice . and it may be for this second reason that Black plays . . . Bd8 52 Bc3 Kb8 (52 . Kd7 55 Bg5 B X g5 56 f X g5 Kc7 otherwise b6 .50 c5! ! (Diagram 4) d XcS If 50 . 5 1 . .

(2) 50 . but Black is setting a trap and in any case something has to be done about the threat of 5 1 Kf4 Kg6 52 e4 The counter­ attack 50 . Qd7.h5 Again this looks wrong on principle. if difficult. . . . . .Kf8 49 Qh6 +) 49 Qh6 Qd8 50 Qf4 and now ( 1 ) 50 . . 47 QhS Q£7 The alternative is 47 . while after 52 . . . Qb6 53 Q X f6 followed by the advance of the g. Kf7 keeps the queen out. . . . but not 55 Qd7 + Kg6 56 h5 + Kg5. together with the fact that he has to avoid certain blocked positions . answered by 48 Kh2. . (b) 48 . Bd7 5 1 Kf4 Ba4 . . White has his own weakness at c4. . Unfortunately for this plan Black soon proceeds to offer a queen exchange. Kg8 (or 48 . These positions are rather typical of bishop endings and arise as a result of winning material too early. . but not 48 . . On the whole it seems that Black 37 Diagram 1 should have chosen this. . Q X a5 5 1 B X f5 B X £5 52 Q X f5 Qd8 1 (if 52 . with some winning chances. Kh8. putting another pawn on a white square. win for White with best play 48 Q X£7+ K X£7 49 £3 e X£3+ SO K X£3 Black was forced to exchange pawns but now his weakness is exposed and White has an ideal post at f4. when the following variations arise: (a) 48 . though whether he was compelled to do so is arguable (see next note) and in the bishop ending an extra pawn fixed on a white square is a very serious matter. nor 55 Qd7 + Kg6 56 Q X d6 Qe2 + with perpetual check.a6 by White. 46 . . . .Qa 1 53 Qc8 + . . . . . Kg6 is worse because of 52 Qf4 Qa4 53 B X f5 + 1 B X f5 54 h5 + with a tempo gain) 52 Qf4 (52 e4? fX e4) Qa4 (otherwise 53 e4) 53 B X f5 B X f5 54 Q X f5 Q X c4 55 h5 with winning chances. stopping White's next. . h6 49 Kg2 Kh7 50 f3 e X f3 + 5 1 Q X f3 (5 1 K X £3 Kg7 52 Kf4 Qa4 53 B X f5 Q X c4 + 54 Be4 Qf l + 55 Qf3 Qe 1 is less attractive) Kg7 ( 5 1 . 50 . However. . but a winning breakthrough is not evident. . and if 47 Qa4. . . Kg6 is a better move. In addition the pawn at a6 is obviously going to come under fire eventually. . which he has to look after right to the end of the game. though it is not quite clear how much of a threat Black's a-pawn represents . and it is this problem which adds interest to the ending. since the bishop ending which now arises appears to be a certain. Qc3 or 52 .and h-pawns creates mating threats) 53 Q X e4. Qd7 5 1 h5 when White keeps an advantage. Qa2 or 52 .

59 . if 60 K£3 Bg4 + Diagram 2 . . because 58 .52 B X £5 Bb3 (52 . 5 1 K£4 Kg6 52 Bf l ! The beginning of a neat operation which forces the win of a pawn by Zugzwang. Black has only one move . but not for long. . in addition to covering his own h-pawn. highlights the one defect in his opponent's game. K£7 is answered by 59 Ke ) I and he must permit either 60 Bd l or 60 Be8. In view of the threat of 57 Be8 + Kh6 58 B£7 Bd7 59 Be6 etc. . or if 59 . and demon­ strates that the fight is by no means over. . a king move would lose to a pawn check. However. . . because the chance of a pawn break by e5 remains available. . Black prefers to jettison the pawn at once. Naturally 58 . but if White now tries 5 1 Kf4 Kg6 52 e4.Bd7 53 Bd3 Bc8 54 Bb l Bd7 55 Bc2 Bc8 56 Ba4! (Diagram 2) He has recognised h5 as his main target. .Ke7 58 K£2 38 Forcing Black to surrender a pawn. Bb7 60 Bd7 Kg6 6 1 K£2 and the king returns to f4. 52 . Black's next move. . h6? 53 Bc8) 53 B X h7 B X c4 54 Be4 is hardly very attractive. while 53 Bg2 would allow Black to liqui­ date his weak pawn scat-free. which can now be assailed from both d l and e8. . . 53 e X £5 + would leave the game equally blocked. the vulnerable c-pawn. The immediate aim is to reach a4 and meanwhile Black can only oscillate his bishop. rather reminiscent of endgame studies and based on the relative immobility of the enemy piece. Bd7 simply loses the £-pawn after the exchange of bishops. . then 52 . . with the white king occupying f5 instead of a white pawn. 57 . so White is compelled to lose a move by means of the following king manoeuvre. designed to produce Zugzwang. Bd7 53 B X £5 + B X f5 54 e X f5 + Kg7 55 g4 h X g4 56 K X g4 leaves a drawn position.B£5 So that. Notice too that White. whereupon 57 Bdl Kg6 achieves nothing. . In view of this White begins some subtle bishop manoeuvring. . thereby freeing his bishop . . 56 . . 58 .£4 59 g X£4 Better than 59 e X £4. The essential thing in this type of bishop ending is to be able to open up the position and avoid the kind of blockade or fortress position mentioned in the note to Black's 50th move. Faced with this. . . . . having played 52 e4. 57 K£3! Blocks the diagonal d l -h5. . . has little choice but to capture on the following move.K£7 .

which would win in spite of the closed nature of the position. . Black must take because of the threat of e5 and e6. First he stops . Black resolves to stop the enemy pawn roller in its tracks. White strikes hard at the other wing. . 68 .g. . e. However. but the two widely separated pawns will always win. 62 . permit Ba4-c6-b7. .Kc7 63 Ke2 £5 ! ? (Diagram 3) 6 4 e4 Having drawn the opposing king as far away as possible. Kf6 after Kf4. 62 . Kc7 63 Ke2 Kc8 64 Ba4 Kd8 65 Bb3 Ke7 66 Kf3 Bd3 Diagram 3 67 e4 Kd7 (or 67 . is what White would really like and is an important part of his winning plan.Ke7 68 £5 ! This is the point. 60 Ke2 Kd8 Using the king to cover the threat of Bc6-b7. just repeating. . If Black now refuses to do anything definite the plan must be to withdraw the bishop to b3. this last idea. anticipating . because 68 . Bd3. or let the white king into g5. Black simply hovers around f6 with his king. . will not do. Be8 69 K X e4 Kf6 70 Kf4 would be quite hopeless Black would have to surrender his h-pawn. . and White can make no progress. . then to play Ke2-f3 and e4. . Bc8 would be far too passive and would also endanger the h-pawn.f5 68 e X f5 B X f5 69 Ke3 and Bd l -e2-d3) 68 Ke3 Bfl 69 Bd l B X c4 70 B X h5 Ke7 7 1 Be2 B X e2 72 K X e2 Kf7 73 h5 Kg7 74 e5 and wins. . . Not liking this. but he is too late to control the situation fully. . . 60 . . . There are other similar variations here. whatever the theoretical objections may be to placing another pawn on a white square . . . but only plays . . B X c2 1 6 3 K X c2 f5 64 Kd3 Ke7 65 e4 f X e4 + 66 K X e4 Kf6 67 f5 Kf7 leaves another drawn ending. but he has something in mind other than a simple exchange of pawns at e4. . Black's king has arrived in time to deal with that. 67 . 64 ..B X£5 69 B Xh5 K£6 70 K£4 Bh3 The weakness of the c-pawn persists and White has to take care 39 . or if 60 Bc6 Bd3 winning a pawn. . Bd3. tying down one of the hostile pieces to the defence of the a-pawn. 61 Kd2 Bg6 62 BeG White is probing a little. . on account of the persistent threat of Bb7. He cannot play 62 Bc2 because 62 . he must allow White an outside passed pawn. .6 1 Kf2 Bf5 etc.£ Xe4 65 Ke3 Kc8 66 Ba4 Kd8 67 Bd l ! Yet again 67 Bc2 Ke7 68 B X e4 B X e4 69 K X e4 Kf6 70 f5 Kf7 etc. . .

Black is virtually a piece down. (c) 80 .e3 73 Be2 Bd7 74 K Xe3 K£5 It makes no difference whether he goes here or to e5. White still has to be careful about his c-pawn. 72 . unless he yields more territory with his king (if 78 . Now. 40 . . . . . Ba4 76 Bf7 then Be6-c8. after the further 76 . 76 K£4 B£5 77 Be2 Bc2 If 77 . He may not yet have seen this winning manoeuvre. . . as shown in note (c) to White's 80th move. If 75 . Kg7 85 Kg5 Bb 1 86 h6 + Kh7 87 Kf6) 85 h6 Bc2 (or 85 . Bd7 8 1 Kf4 and 82 h5. or he may still be probing. . . . . however. . but after 7 1 . . Kg5 87 Bfl and 88 Bh3. The move chosen allows a simpler win. . and he does in fact succeed in this. 72 Bg4! (Diagram 4) Forcing Black's hand. Kg6 86 Ke3 1 K X h6 87 Bg4 and 88 Bc8 winning at once. Bg2 72 Kg3 the bishops are exchanged and Black still loses his pawn. . using the h-pawn as a straightforward decoy. Be8 79 Bf5-c8). . hoping for an Diagram 4 easier solution.of it for a few moves before launching his final attack . 78 . B£5 79 Bd3 Bg4 80 Bc2 Not 80 Kf4 Bd 1 and he can make no progress. 80 .. . Ke5 81 Bg6 (planning Bf7-e6) Kf6 82 Be8 Bc8 83 Kf4 etc. . (b) 80 . . leaving the king to defend the c-pawn. Bg6 would permit 73 Bc8. as the king has to retreat anyway after the next move. . . or here 86 . Bc8 76 Bf7 and Be6( + ). . Ke5 82 Be2 Be8 83 Bg4) 82 Be2 Bf5 83 Kf4 Bc2 84 h5 ! Bb 1 (or 84 . but now if (a) 80 . If 75 . Bd7 78 Bd3 and he can no longer prevent the pawn from reaching the seventh. since 72 .Bh3 8 1 Bh7 Bf l 82 Bd3 Bh3 83 K£4 Bd7 84 h5 Ba4 85 h6 Bb3 86 h7 Kg7 87 K£5 1-0. 70 . Bh5 (the most stubborn) 8 1 Bd3 Bg4 (or 8 1 . . 75 Bh5 K£6 The weakness of his a-pawn compels him to give way on the other side. . . see the following note. . 7 1 Be2 B£5 A flimsy defence. even after 87 . . . . . Bf5) 86 Ke3 Kg5 1 87 Bf l l and wins by Bh3-c8. . 78 Ke3 The most accurate way is 78 h5 !. . Bb7 77 Be6 + Ke5 78 h5 Kf6 79 Kf4 etc . . . e3 7 1 K X e3 Ke5 would be similar to the game. whatever Black does. . .

The direct attempt to create a passed pawn rarely works in such cases because it can be blockaded. . 4 Ke3 Ke5 5 Bb3 £6 6 Ba2 £5? This is almost certainly the decisive mistake. and in the case of queens because mating threats may arise). 1 K£6 2 K£2 Bb5 3 e4 Be8 To free the king. . . 1 969 Endings with pawns on the same side should normally be drawn. In the position given (Diagram 1) the fixing of his pawns on white squares will obviously not help the weaker side. though with four pawns against three the defender's problems are increased. Kd6 it is difficult to see how White can achieve anything concrete. especially with bishops or rooks on the board (with queens and knights complications arise which tend to increase the winning chances.fXe5 + 1 0 f X e5 followed by Ke3-f4-g5h6-g7(1) . and White is allowed an important gain of space and a protected passed pawn. .White must be left to exchange) l O Bd5 Bd7 1 1 Bf3 Be8 1 2 Be2 Bd7 and White is making no progress. 7 £4+ K£6 8 e5 + Ke7 41 . . below) h X g4 1 0 f X g4 Bd 1 1 1 g5 f X g 5 + 1 2 h X g5 Bg4 1 3 e 5 Bd7 1 4 Bb 1 Be8 with a draw. After 6 . . (2) Penetrating to g5 with the king: 7 Kf4 Ke7 8 g4 h X g4 (leaving White to exchange would permit a serious weakness at h5) 9 f X g4 Kf8 1 0 g5 fX g 5 + 1 1 K X g5 Kg7 and Black can sacrifice his bishop for the e-pawn. Another pawn is fixed on a white square. The type of bind which White estab­ lishes after the text move is much more conducive to a winning process. He can try any one of three basic ideas as follows: ( l ) Gaining space on the Q-side: 7 Kd4 Ke7 (7 . . Ba4? 8 Bf7) . which may thus lead to Zugzwang. In this line 8 g4 h X g4 9 f X g4 Bd7 leads to the same thing. (3) Creating a passed e-pawn directly: 7 Kd4 Ke7 8 f4 Bd7 9 e5 Be81 (not 9 . . The hidden factor of the wrong rook pawn may also be of assistance to him.GAME 1 1 White: Hart Black: Bertok Zagreb. Diagram 1 8 Kc5 Ba4 9 g4 (9 f4 Bd7 leads into (3). but the draw should still be possible with accurate play. in the case of knights because of the defending knight's inability to make a waiting move while continuing to defend some crucial point.

after which the win is a little involved because White must not exchange pawns by g4 at any point. . 42 . . . always a fatal combination. . . . . (Diagram 2) It seems most likely that the game was adjourned here and that analysis convinced Black of the hopelessness of his position. . Kd6 25 f6-f7 followed by the return of the king) 25 Kc5 Be2 26 Kd5 K£6 27 Kd6 Bd1 28 Kd7 Ba4 + 29 Kd8 Bd 1 30 Ke8 and Black cannot prevent the penetration of the king to h6. Be2 (letting the h-pawn go would be even worse) 2 1 B X £5 B£3 22 Bg6 K£6 23 £5 Ke7 24 Kb6 Bd 1 (or 24 . and he has not a shred of counterplay. Kg7 1 9 Kc7-d8 etc ) 1 9 Kc7 K X e7 20 B X g6 and wins a second pawn. K X h7 1 7 e7 Bb5 1 8 Kd8 Kg7 · 1 9 e8/Q B X e8 20 K X e8 Kg8 2 1 Ke7 Kg7 22 Ke6 producing the same winning pawn ending.Diagram 2 Now Black's whole position is both rigid and passive. K£8 1 5 Kd8 Ba4 1 6 Bh7 with similar play) 1 5 e6 Be8 1 6 B£7 1 B X £7 1 7 e X £7 K X £7 1 8 Kd7 K£6 1 9 Ke8 Kg7 20 Ke7 Kg8 2 1 Kf6 Kh7 22 K£7 Kh6 23 Kg8 and wins. Kd8 he is stabbed in the back on the K -side . . . . e6 and B£7) 1 4 Bg8 Ba4 (or 1 4 . he would leave a position where Black need only sacrifice his bishop for the £-pawn to draw. .1 2 Bg8 Kd7 1 3 e6 + Ke7 ( 1 3 . This analysis is in fact the most interesting part of the ending and basically involves a pawn ending in which White is able to effect a corn- plete turning movement: (a) 1 3 . . (b) 1 3 . . . . 12 Kc7 Bb5 13 Bb3 1-0. Kd8 1 4 B£7 transposes into the pawn ending shown in the next note) 1 4 Kc7 K£8 1 5 Kd8 etc. Be8 (if Black does nothing there is Bg8. Be2 1 4 Bg8 K£8 1 5 Bh7 Kg7 1 6 e6 and now: (l) 1 6 . The winning method would be something like this : 20 . or if 1 8 . 9 Kd4 Ba4 10 Kc5 Be8 1 1 Kb6 Ba4 If he tries to cover c7 by l l . K£6 1 7 Kd6 Bb5 1 8 e7 K£7 (otherwise 19 Bg8. . . If he did. . (2) 1 6 .

Nh4 63 Kg4 g XhS + 64 K Xh4 K Xd4 Now. but on reflection this seems not to be the case. . However.) 64 d5 Kd4 65 d6 Nf6 66 Kf5. . . . in order to save at least one pawn. b5. 65 Bb8 Otherwise 65 . . 1 978 Black: Karpov One of the many books written on the World Championship match of 1 978 suggests that Korchnoi missed a win in the fifth game by not taking advan­ tage of a study position by Horwitz and Kling. 69 b5 Now 69 Kg5 K X a3 70 Kf5 Kb3 7 1 Ke4 etc. . . but not 68 . . since White cannot avoid the exchange or loss of his b-pawn. hoping to pick up both pawns. is too slow. Nc8 64 g7 Ne7 65 d5 1 etc. 65 . 69 . they reached the position shown in Diagram 1 . without any black pawns the game is dead drawn. on account of 69 Kg5 Kb3 70 Kf5 K X a3 7 1 Ke5 Kb3 72 Kd5 a3 73 Kc5 and wins. . winning. . relying on llie fact that 62 .Kc4 70 Kg5 K Xb5 (Diagram 2) As is well known. . the presence of these pawns alters things considerably and the principles governing this Diagram 2 43 . . N X d6 permits 63 h X g6 Ne8 (or 63 . After 6 1 moves and with Korchnoi having just missed a simple win. once the black king reaches aB. we enter the strange world of bishop + wrong RP. .aS 66 Bd6 Kc4 Diagram 1 67 K Xh5 a4 68 K Xh6 Kb3 Forcing White now to sacrifice the b-pawn. The adventures begin with 62 K£4 !. .GAME 12 White : Korchnoi Baguio. which has been the subject of several endgame studies. a5 anyway. Therefore Black has to sacrifice his knight. 62 . and his b-pawn goes.

We return now to Korchnoi and Karpov: 7 1 Kf5 KaG For a few moves he can stay close to the corner. but has already been driven into the wilderness and cannot get back to aB. . e. if you have never tried it!). KaB? 7B BbB b5 79 Kc7 b4 BO a X b4 a3 B 1 KcB a2 B2 Be5 wins. or be caught in the corner again. .kind of position are then: (l) The black king cannot hide at aB here. thus he is driven out. if now 79 Kc7 b4 ! BO a X b4 Kb5 and the bishop has to abandon his pawn within two moves. if 77 . .g. 72 KeG Ka7 73 Kd7 Kb7 74 Be7 Ka7 75 Kc7 Ka8 7G BdG Ka7 77 Kc8 KaG The next few moves show what a confounded nuisance the b-pawn is to Black. since king and bishop can exert considerable force against a lone king (perhaps surprisingly. another study by Rauzer (Diagram 4) defines the area of the Diagram 3 Diagram 4 - - board in which the black king must be. as before) 44 . 78 Kb8 b5 Setting a trap. Without his b-pawn. (3) When the black king is far away. . the white king will race back. . (2) The black king will therefore shortly be driven right away from the area of the pawns. In this study he has no b-pawn. as well as illustrating what the king and bishop can achieve between them. . . 79 Bb4 KbG 80 Kc8 KeG Now he must run. after . or without his a-pawn.Ka6 8 1 Kc7 Ka7 B2 Bc5 + Ka6 (82 . once the pawns are fixed at a3 and a4 .b4 a X b4 White wins easily with a b-pawn. Black could draw comfortably by running for aB. Ka8 83 Kc8. . 80 . if a win is to be forced. The basis of the Kling and Horwitz study (Diagram 3) is how the defender can be pushed far enough away. because the white king and bishop can stalemate him and force him to move his b-pawn. or if BO B X b4 Ka7 and draws. try to collect the black pawns and still be in time to cut his rival off from the corner.

after his pawns are captured. . to the back rank. the idea is to force the king even further away. or if 94 .83 Kc6 (83 Bb6? b4 ! and . and one which loses the pawn at once to the bishop. . . Ke4 90 Be5 Kf3 9 1 Kf5 helps White slightly . . Kf5 84 Bc3) 84 KfG Kd4 85 KeG Ke4 8G B£8 Kd4 87 KdG Ke4 Diagram 5 It is safest to stay on the K-side. 82 Ke7 Ke5 83 K£7 Kd5 (if 83 . he will be unable to get back in time. the irony is that. Kh5 94 Bg7 KM 95 Bf6 + Kg3 (95 . Ka6 85 Bb6 and mates in two) 85 Bb6 + Ka6 86 a X b4 a3 87 b5 #. is certainly the best try. 1 899) which shows that the defending king can always be driven to the required area of the board (around f3). 8 1 Kd8 Kd5 Again forced. after all the trouble it has caused him. the move given in the solution of the real study position. with no b-pawn. Kh3 1 0 1 Kd4 Kg4 1 02 Bh2 (the bishop cannot be sacrificed) Kf5 1 03 Kc5 Ke6 1 04 K X b5 Kd7 and Black reaches b7 and aS. as above) Ka5 84 Be3 b4 (84 . taking advantage of the Klmg & Horwitz study. .. in Teichmann's study the pawns are at a2 and a4. . Kh5? 96 Bg5) 96 Bg5 leads into the game. .Kg2 1 00 BdG Instead of this it was suggested by GM O'Kelly. . if Black is driven too far into the other corner (South-West). would lead to a win. Remember that the stalemate trap could still operate on the edge of the board. 90 Ke5 Kg4 9 1 BfG Kh5 92 K£5 KhG 93 Bd4 Kh7 93 . . There is yet another study (by Teichmann. If here 80 . Kh8? 95 Kf7 + and 96 Bg7. . it is now the b-pawn which saves Black l 99 . . . . . . 88 Bg7 K£4 89 KeG K£3 89 . . provided that he cannot rely on stalemate to save him. or to 45 . 1 00 Kg4. 95 Be3 + Kh5 9G K£5 Kh4 97 Bd2 Kg3 98 Bg5 K£3 99 B£4 Arriving at the Kling & Horwitz position. . the king is stalemated in every case. . Firstly it is shown that 100 Ke4 is ineffective: 1 00 . Kb5. which helps White. or if in this line 95 . 94 KfG KhG If 94 . . Ka7 8 1 Kc7 Ka6 82 Kc6 Ka7 83 Bc5 + Kb8 84 Bb6 reaches the same stalemate position. . leaving Black a free move. and we are now heading towards the study position. or something resembling it. by tempo play. . with the addition of the b-pawn (Diagram 5). . in his book on the World Championship match. that 1 00 Kg4. . Kg8? 95 Bc5 Kh7 96 Bf8 Kg8 97 Bg7. Kh8 96 Bf8 etc.

as given) . as shown in the second part of (b). Kd 1 1 03 Be3 Kc2 1 04 Ke5 Kh3 1 05 Bc5 Kc4 1 06 Kd6 Kb3 (in the study. It therefore seems that Korchnoi never missed a win at all. 120 Bb2 KhG 121 Be l + Kh7 122 Bd2 Kh8 123 Be3+ Kh7 124 Bg7 Y2-Y2. and reaches aB.b4 1 1 05 B X b4 Kb5 1 06 Kd6 Kb6. 108 KeG KfG 109 Kd7 Kf7 l lO Be7 Kg8 l l l KeG Kg7 1 12 Be5 Kg8 1 1 3 KfG Kh7 1 14 Kf7 Kh8 1 15 Bd4+ Kh7 l lG Bb2 KhG l 17 Kg8 KgG 1 18 Bg7 Kf5 1 19 Kf7 Kg5 Since he no longer fears stalemate. . . but in the actual game would draw by 1 03 Be3 Kc4 1 04 Bd2 (forced) b4! 1 05 B X b4 Kd5. .Kb5 1 05 Kd5 Ka6 1 06 Kc6. Kf l 1 OB B£2) 1 OB BbB ' (to avoid tempo loss. . . since the king will always be shut off from aB. without the b-pawn. Black has only to remain in this corner and avoid being pushed down to £3 again. The actual finish of the game was: 100 . . 1 05 Bc5 Kc4 1 06 Kd6.b4 1 07 B X b4 Kb5 the solution is : 1 OB Kc7 Ka6 (cf. The trouble with all this is that Black has 1 02 . 46 . which could arise here after 1 06 . by not permitting the bishop to be attacked) Kg 1 1 09 Ke3 Kg2 1 1 0 Kd4 Kf3 1 1 1 Kc5 Ke4 1 1 2 K X b5 Kd5 1 1 3 Bh2 1 Kd4 1 1 4 K X a4 and wins. The variations are: l OO . . If instead 1 03 Ke5 Kc4. . .force him across to the unfavour­ able Q-side. by attacking him. .Kd3 which in the study loses to 1 03 Be3 Kc4 1 04 Ke5 Kb3 (or 1 04 . . the black king would always be able to gain the required tempo. Kb5 is played. . After 1 06 . . as in (a). and now: (a) 1 02 . since there is no way he could have done better than to try for the study position. . .see below) 1 07 Kc6 Kc4 1 0B Bd6 Kd4 1 09 K X b5 Kd5 1 1 0 Bh2 and wins.Kf3 101 Bh2 Kg2 102 Be7 Kf3 103 BdG Ke3 104 Ke5 Kf3 ! 105 Kd5 Kg4 lOG Ke5 Kf5 107 KXb5 KeG Wherever the bishop had settled on this diagonal in the last few moves. . (b) 1 02 . . . . . 1 06 . Kf2 1 0 1 Be l Ke2 (or l 0 l .Kf2 l 03 Be3 + Kg2 l 04 Kg4 Kh2 l 05 Bf4 + Kg2 1 06 Bg3 Kg 1 1 07 Kf3 Kh l ( 1 07 .b4 1 07 B X b4 Kb5 . and the tempo­ losing 1 04 Bd2 is forced again. Diagram 4) 1 09 Bc5 Kb5 1 1 0 Be3 Ka6 1 1 1 Kc6 Ka5 1 1 2 Kb7 Kb5 1 1 3 Bb6 Kc4 1 1 4 Kc6 Kb3 1 1 5 Bc5 Kc4 1 1 6 Be3 Kb3 1 1 7 Be 1 Kc4 1 1 B Bb2 ! Kb3 1 1 9 Kb5 and wins . . then 1 04 . . Kg2 1 02 Be3 Kh2 1 03 Bf4 + Kg2 1 04 Bg3) 1 02 Kf4. . reaching aB with a draw.

.. the weaker side has no defence against the invasion of his lines by several pieces on the squares of one colour. . if 45 Bd3. . White would be best advised to continue the preparation of h5. . . h5. which could also have been tried on the previous move. 1 972 Sicilian Defence available to White's king and rook.h6 Against a waiting move 4 1 . 42 Kf l Rd6 42 . . 41 . fixing the pawns on white squares. and this is the main reason why the stronger side often prefers to keep a pair of rooks on the board. . . precisely because of the presence of opposite bishops.Bf4 and .Bd4 38 b3 Be3 39 Re2 K£6 40 Kg2 Rd4 41 h4! The intention is to soften up the K -side position. 37 Re 1 One hidden advantage which White possesses is that his bishop is much better than Black's. leaving Black with one isolated pawn or serious white­ square weaknesses. for example 42 h5 g X h5 43 B X h7 h4 44 g4 Be 1 and if the king tries to collect the pawn he will regret it 45 Kh3 Bf4 46 KX h4? Rd 1 etc. . Of course. 37 .Bg3. and would lead to trouble after 43 Rg2 Rd6 44 Ke2 Rd4 Diagram 1 1 e4 eS 2 N£3 Ne6 3 d4 e Xd4 4 N Xd4 N£6 5 Ne3 d6 6 BgS Bd7 7 Qd2 N Xd4 8 Q Xd4 QaS 9 Bd2 eS 10 Qd3 Rea 1 1 Be2 a6 12 0-0 BeG 13 NdS Qd8 14 BgS B XdS 15 B X£6 Q X£6 16 Q XdS Re7 17 Be4 Be7 18 Qd3 0-0 19 BdS g6 20 a4 aS 2 1 Ra3 Bd8 22 Rb3 Qe7 23 Rd 1 b6 24 Qd2 Kg7 25 Rd3 QgS 26 Qe2 £5 27 e X£5 RX£5 28 Be4 R£6 29 RXd6 RXd6 30 R Xd6 Be7 31 Rd 1 BeS 32 Kh 1 R£7 33 £3 R£8 34 g3 Rd8 35 Bd3 Qe3 36 Q Xe3 B Xe3 (Diagram 1 ) There are many middle-game positions which are won.GAME 1 3 White: Tal Black: Radulov Skopje Olympiad. . the same square is also 47 . is unwise in a general way.Bb2. . It is not restricted by its own centre pawn and it can use the central square e4 as a base for manoeuvring. In the endgame it is well known that an extra pawn may well be useless for winning purposes where opposite bishops are involved. Black has 45 . but even here their attacking potential can often be exploited. To play it at once would permit counterplay. . See also Game 42.

. while some favourable positions may be won without any material advantage.Be5 The fundamental rule for judging opposite bishop endings (assuming normal king and pawn positions) is that the superior side can only win if he has the opportunity to under­ take manoeuvres on both sides of the board. Returning to the game. 52 . 53 R Xd4 e Xd4+ 54 Ke4 (Diagram 3) The recapture with the pawn. and explains why sometimes even two extra pawns are not enough to win. if he has a mobile passed pawn on one side and the chance of attacking a real weakness on the other side. . his h-pawn would be stronger and his bishop would be more active. Bd4 + 49 Ke4 Bb2 50 c3) 49 c3. if he did. For the next few moves White is probing. he should have good prospects. . As an obvious example the position 8/6k l /2K5/ p7/Pb4P l / l P3B2/ l 6 is a dead draw because White has play only on the K -side. . and the white king will gain access to g6. 46 Re2 Bb2 47 Re3 Rd4 48 Kf2 Be l 49 Re i Bd2 50 Rd l Be3 5 1 Ke3 Bb4 52 Be2 There is no way to get the rook in. g5? Black still holds the resources to prevent the white rook from penetrating. Diagram 2 . but if Black had now played 45 .45 Ke3 Rd6 46 g4 h X g4 47 R X g4 1 Kf7 48 Rc4 Bb2 (or 48 . For example. White's rook is now aggressive and his pawn majority is moving. has its dark side in that Black's bishop is now immobilised and obliged to defend the d-pawn. . the rule applies here insofar as Black must not exchange rooks himself or recapture on d4 with the bishop. . so White settles for a pure bishop ending. winning easily. . 43 g4 Bb2 44 Rh2 Be 1 45 h5 (Diagram 2) White has achieved his aim of weakening the squares h5 and f5 and the pawn at h6. but his white squares are now so weak that the ending can be won without rooks. 45 . Blocking the position may seem more natural. . White would create a passed pawn from his Q-side majority and combine its advance with an invasion by his king via e4. This 48 is more important than the actual number of pawns on the board. the h-pawn and the white squares generally will be fatally weak. as now played by Black. though absolutely necessary. g X h5 46 R X h5 Bg5. f5 and g6. but if White can find a way to break through. His king can therefore be forced to give ground by means of Zugzwang.

. 58 . White cannot force his opponent to concede material there. but Tal is still probing for the winning idea at this stage. .Bf4 69 Kd5 Be3 70 Kc6. Kd6. . emphasising the vulnerability of the h-pawn. However.KeG 55 Bc4+ K£6 If 55 . 69 Kd5 This is the second point. Black still gets into Zugzwang as follows: 56 Kf5 Ke8 57 Kg6 Bf8 58 Kf6 Be7 + 59 Kg7 Bf8 + 60 Kg8 Bc5 (60 . we have the standard manoeuvre 56 Kf5 Kc6 57 Kg6 Bf8 58 Kf7 Bd6 59 Kg7. . 56 Kd5 K£7 57 Ke5 + Kg7 58 Bd5 It is striking how Zugzwang alone is enough to drive the king right into the corner. 63 . . Be5. by hitting . 54 . . By skilful use of tempo-gaining moves and by exploiting the bishop's cramp.Kh7 59 K£6 B£8 60 Be4 + Kg8 6 1 Kg6 Although he has penetrated the 49 K-side completely. then his king will be able to gain a tempo in its journey to the other wing. . and it is a question of whether he can just manage to force the win of a Q-side pawn. . . . . 65 . . . . It might seem that 55 . It might appear that he can make no progress. . he wins another pawn by force. .Bg7 62 Bd5 + Kh8 (62 . . Ke7 6 1 Bf7) 6 1 Bb5 + and 62 Kg7. . Ke7 is a more promising retreat.Diagram 3 Diagram 4 Thanks to the Zugzwang weapon White does in a sense have play on both sides.B£8 64 Bc4 Bg7 65 K£7 He is trying to force Black to play . an indication of how difficult these endings are in practice. followed by Bd3 and K X b6 .Kh7 66 Bd3+ Kh8 67 Be4! (Diagram 4) Be5 68 Ke6 Bg7 If 68 . . . since there are always spare moves available to the defender. . . but Tal now demonstrates just how good his king really is. Kf8? 63 Kh7) 63 BeG 63 Kf7 is actually a little quicker. planning to defend the h -pawn with the bishop from f8 and defend the bishop with the king at e8. 6 1 .

34 . After the further 38 Kf2 (to save the d-pawn) KX h4 his remaining K -side pawns are wide open to the enemy.Kg6 36 Kg3 Kh5 37 Bb2 Ba2. he wins back either the h4 or the d3 pawn. 33 . . 34 g3 It is advisable to tackle the leading black pawn fairly soon. .the d-pawn he prevents the defence . after 35 .h4 Karpov begins with some space­ gaining manoeuvres on the K-side. Bf8-c5. White creates a passed pawn easily: 74 Kb5 Kg7 75 Kc4 Bc3 76 b4 1 B X b4 77 K X d4 etc. . while 38 Ba3 Bb 1 also wins a pawn. Then the square c4 50 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 NcG 3 Bb5 aG 4 Ba4 NfG 5 B XcG d XcG G Nc3 BdG 7 d4 Bb4 8 N Xe5 N Xe4 9 0-0 B Xc3 10 bXc3 0-0 1 1 Ba3 NdG 12 c4 fG 13 Ng4 Re8 14 Ne3 N£5 15 N X£5 B X£5 1G Qd2 BeG 17 Qc3 Qd7 18 Rfe 1 Q£7 19 Qb2 bG 20 c5 b5 2 1 Bb4 aS 22 Bd2 Bd5 23 £3 RXe 1 + 24 R X e 1 b4 25 a4 b Xa3 2G Q Xa3 a4 27 Bb4 QgG 28 Qc3 h5 29 Ba3 Re8 30 RXe8+ Q Xe8 3 1 K£2 QgG 32 Qd3 Q Xd3 33 c Xd3 (Diagram l ) Black has a number of advantages: ( l ) An outside passed pawn. would be wrong on general grounds. which the king may also occupy later. G9 . . fixing his own pawns on white squares. which almost amounts to an extra pawn. In spite of all this. . but in practice his task is quite difficult. (2) A bishop ideally stationed on a blockading square.h3. .K£7 ! Black is not concerned about 35 g X h4 as. 1 976 Black : Karpov Ruy Lopez since White's central majority is virtually useless. . In view of his bishop's bad position White is fighting virtually a piece down on this flank and he has to defend himself carefully to avoid a breakthrough. . Of course 34 h3. rather than allow a possible later . . . .BfG 70 KeG Bd8 7 1 Kd7 BfG 72 Kc7 Be7 73 K XbG Bb4 1-0. GAME 14 White: Kurajica Skopje. (3) The back d-pawn is a potential target. White can hold the draw with accurate play. . Diagram 1 . while his opposite number is a feeble specimen.

f4 + I 40 g X f4 (or 40 Kf2 f X g 3 + 4 1 h X g3 h3 and. but is unsound here) B X d3 40 Ba3 Kg6 4 1 Kf4 Kf7 42 Ke3 Bg6 43 Kd2 Ke6 44 Kc3 (White must yield on one side or the other. needs to be watched. . the breakthrough then either creating a second passed pawn or winning the enemy bishop . . with a second remote passed pawn.h X g3 42 h X g3 f4 fails after 43 g X f4 g X f4 44 d5! c X d5 . Kd5 etc ) Bh5 45 f4 Kf5 46 Be l Bd l followed by . . . if he takes by 37 g Xh4 Kh5 38 K X £5 (38 Kg3 leads back to the previous note) B X f3 39 Kf4 (39 Ke6 K X h4 40 Kd7 Kh3 is naturally very bad. . namely 39 .g. . Kg4 or .e. . All these 51 Diagram 2 variations illustrate a basic rule about opposite-bishop endings. and rightly so.Ke4. Black wins easily) g41 41 fXg4+ K X g4 42 Kf2 (otherwise he loses the h-pawn) K X f4 43 Ba3 Kg4 44 Bb4 Kh3 45 Kg l Bb3( -c2) etc. Ba2 39 . Be6-c8-a6 is a little more accurate. . namely that the stronger side must achieve play on both flanks in order to be able to win. . . 35 Ke3 £5 36 K£4 Kg6 37 Ke3 Playing safe with a waiting move. if 44 Ke3. and Black returns to this method shortly. 39 . again winning the d-pawn.Kh5 38 Bb4 g 5 ! The pawn advance begins to generate tactical threats. e. or a passed pawn on one side and the opportunity for a breakthrough with the king on the other. . . 37 . . 39 Kf2 If 39 f4 Kg4 1 is another typical stratagem. 40 f X g 5 h X g3 4 1 h X g3 K X g3 and Black has a strongly supported passed pawn which wins quickly. followed by Bd6. 40 Ba3 Bb l 41 Ke2 (Diagram 2) Ba2 ! Because the intended break­ through by 4 1 . i. .would be weak and from the strongpoint d5 Black's king would have access to the Q-side. With the bishop at b l White has a chance to counter­ attack. . .. 39 Be l (the possibility of 39 d5 c X d5 40 c6. This means passed pawns on both sides. If 37 g4 f X g4 38 f X g4 (or 38 K X g4 Kf6 39 f4 Bb3 40 K X h4 Kf5 4 1 Kg3 Bc2 and White is in trouble) Kf6 39 g 5 + ( if he does nothing by 39 Bb2 Bb3 40 Ba3 Bc2 4 1 Ke3 h 3 ! and .Kg5 wins) Kg6 40 Kg4 h3 4 1 K X h3 K X g5 42 Kg3 Bb3 43 Kf3 Kh4! and White is again being stretched too far to defend both flanks. White gets nowhere in the centre) Bd5 40 Kg3 Bb3 he again loses the d-pawn in similar circum­ stances.

. . . . g3 48 h X g3 h X g3 49 £4 and again 49 .45 c6. .£4 + 46 g X £4 g4 no longer works because Black has moved his bishop from d5 and no lbflger threatens . 45 . 47 .. 46 g X £4 g4 47 K£2 Bf5 48 d4 g X f3 49 K X £3 Be4 + and the king reaches g4 with a winning position. . Bh5. i. 46 g X £4 If 46 g4 + Kg6 White has left his K -side pawns badly compromised (fixed on white squares) and his king is therefore in no position to challenge Black's entry on the other wing.£4! Notice how Black continues to hammer away at the K-side. when the three passed pawns win easily. or 45 . say. . . . . . or 47 . . Bc4-e6 X g4. 47 Kg2 Or 47 f5 B X f5 48 f4 Be4 fol­ lowed by . e.h X g3 43 h X g3 £4 44 g X £4 (44 g4 + Kh4 is obviously worse. . Kg6-f5. . . 46 . . g X £3 1 Therefore 47 £5 ! g X f3 (or 47 . . . . or 45 . . .g. Ba2 46 Bd6 d4 47 B X c7 Bd5 48 Be5. . . g3. but now White's unnecessary pawn sacrifice throws away the half point. 45 . Kh4-g3 and . . Be6-f5 produces Zugzwang. followed by . as before. e Xd5 45 d4 If 45 Ke3.g4 Now the black king forces his way into g4 against any reasonable defence.e. after which White must either permit the king's entry at e4 or play Ke3 and allow .g. . as 5 1 Ke3 Kh3 or 5 1 Kg l Kf3 52 Kf l Bd3 + 53 Kg l Ke2 would be even worse. . hoping to keep the king permanently confined. .BeG 43 K£2 Be8 44 d5? In spite of his clever manoeuvring Black can still only draw against correct play. thereby permitting . 42 Be l ! Black was threatening (if. e. . leading to the bishop sacrifice mentioned in the last note) g X £4 45 Be l Kg5. . 47 Ke2 Ba6 + 48 Kd2 Kf6 49 Kd l (49 Kc3 Be2) Ke6 50 Kd2 Kd7 5 1 Kd l Kc6 52 Kd2 Kb5 53 Kc3 Ka5 etc. . White being obliged to release his bishop's attack on the £-pawn.K X£4 52 Be l + Kg4 53 Bb2 e6 54 Be l Kh3 55 Kg l Black's final task is to exploit the defensive position of the opposing . Kg5 48 f X g4 K X g4?? 49 £6 and wins. . . but 45 Ke3 !. 42 . after which the further . is bad because of 44 . The right way is 44 Ke2 Ba6 and now not 45 Ba3 h X g3 46 h X g3 £4 ! etc. . . . . f4 + works now that Black is a pawn up to start. . when 45 .B£5 48 K£2 g X£3 49 K X£3 Be4 + 50 K£2 Kg4 5 1 Bb2 The pressure forces White to yield a pawn. 44 . 42 Bb2) 42 . B X d3. 51 . . he must achieve something here before his a-pawn can be of any use. . . when the threat of 46 Bd6 leaves Black no more than a draw. Bc2 46 Bd6 a3 47 B X c7 a2 48 Be5.Kg4 loses after 50 £6 Kh3 5 1 K£3) 52 48 K X £3 B X d3 49 K£4 and White even has some advantage . . . . Kg5 46 Bd6 K£5 47 B X c7 a3 48 Ba5 Ke6 49 Bb4 a2 50 Bc3 Kd6 5 1 Kd2 K X c6 52 Bb2 Kc5 53 Kc3 Notice that 43 g4 + ? Kh4 44 K£2. .

. . . If 58 Kh 1 Kg4 59 Kg2 Kf5 and reaches e4. .g. . see note to Black's 56th) 60 Kf2 Kf4 and again reaches e4 and d3. as Black's king then gets confined at h2 and the winning of the h-pawn is made useless. . Bf3 + is a useful move in one variation .h3 is a very dubious move in most situations here. useful rather than absolutely necessary. e.Kg4 59 Kg2 Bf3 + (to keep him out of h3. as .58 .1. For this purpose he needs firstly to free the square e4 and secondly to create a Zug­ zwang. . . If Black now moves his bishop.Bg6 56 Ba3 Bh5 He first re-routes his bishop. in the second line given above 59 . while 60 K£2 Ke4 6 1 Ke 1 Bh5 62 Bb2 Kd3 also decides the issue. but now White must abandon either f2 with his king or £4 with his bishop . The alternative 58 Bb2 fares no better . 55 . . . If then 60 Kh3 Ke4 6 1 Bb2 (6 1 K Xh4 K X d4 62 Ba3 Kc3 is no better) Kd3 62 K X h4 Kc2 63 Ba3 Kb3 wins easily. . 57 .Diagram 3 king to force his own king back across the board. h3 +? 60 K£2 Kf4 6 1 Ke 1 Bh5 62 Kd2 Ke4 63 Kc3 Ke3 64 Ba3 K£2 65 Kd2 Kg2 66 Ke3 K X h2 67 Kf2 with a dead draw. . . the passed pawn runs up quite safely to e7 with obvious effect In any case he must oppose rooks to prevent occupation of the seventh rank. . which would leave his bishop awkwardly placed and allow the opposing one a little more scope. Kg4 58 K£2 K£5 59 Ke3 achieves nothing. Incidentally. 1 979 Black: LjubojeviC Nimzo-Indian Defence 1 d4 N£6 2 c4 e6 3 Nc3 Bb4 4 e3 0-0 5 Bd3 d5 6 a3 B Xc3+ 7 b Xc3 d Xc4 8 B Xc4 c5 9 N£3 Qc7 10 Qd3 Nc6 1 1 e4 c Xd4 12 c Xd4 Na5 13 Ba2 N Xe4 14 0-0 N£6 1 5 Bg5 Nd5 16 Rac l Nc6 17 Bb l £5 18 Rfe l Bd7 19 Ba2 Qd6 20 Ne5 h6 21 B Xh6 N Xe5 22 d Xe5 Qe7 23 B Xd5 e Xd5 24 Q Xd5+ Qe6 53 25 Q Xe6+ B Xe6 (Diagram 1 ) 26 Bg5 Not 26 Be3 f4. GAME 1 5 White: Gligoric Belgrade. 57 Be l Bd l ! (Diagram 3) This is the Zugzwang referred to and therefore 0.

which in this case could well be just the a-pawn. . 54 . .Diagram 1 26 Rfc8 27 £3 R X c l 2 8 RXc l RcB 2 9 RXcB+ B Xc8 White was in no position to avoid the disappearance of all the rooks (29 Rd l Rc3 or . . in view of the possibility of Black sacrificing his bishop for them. pure opposite bishop endings being notoriously subject to blockade. g6 at a dubious moment. White can obtain two passed pawns on the K-side. here. The present position should be drawn. Black would retain a Q-side pawn of his own. . Will that suffice? Normally an e. As a rule the player with an extra pawn tries to keep at least one pair of rooks on. . but Black loses it. chiefly by failing to make use of his Q-side majority. because the stalemating of the defending king can force him to 'unrook' the relevant pawn (with a white pawn at aS and black ones at a6 and b7. . 30 K£2 K£7 3 1 Kg3 Ke6 32 K£4 The basic rule of opposite bishop endings is that the superior side must have play on both sides. 'play' in this sense meaning the capability eventually to create a passed pawn and win the opponent's bishop for it. In other words.and h-pawns). Rc2). whose queening­ square is wrong for his bishop I An added complication is that a wrong RP can sometimes still win if the opponent has pawns left. and an h-pawn would win. but it has to be combined with Q-side play. Then the result would depend on what White had left. . Black can be forced into . if White gets connected passed pawns. the wrong rook pawn rules will apply. . the 'play on both sides' rule is not really relevant here. for example. See the note to White's 36th move and also the Korchnoi-Karpov game (No. however. b6 eventually). which could affect the issue. . while disconnected ones may or may not win. This is a tricky point because . These are the general considera­ tions then. because they are separated by two files and the h-pawn's queening-square is the right colour for his bishop. 1 2). possibly unconnected (e. Connected pawns would also be difficult to judge. depending on what Black can do on the Q-side. possibly connected (e-and £-pawns). while his prospects on the Q-side appear to be slender. but the question now is whether he has enough advantage to win. with no other pawns of either colour on the board. . Here we have to ask whether the rule still applies in a position with an unbalanced pawn structure. To answer the original question. g6 is definitely necessary in some positions. He also plays .

. and also attacking the £-pawn. . . Bd7 33 Bd8 Bc8 34 Bc7 Bd7 35 Bb8 a6 36 Bc7 (Diagram 2) Black has a choice of three possible structures for his Q-side pawns. .) 40 g4 f X g4 4 1 h X g4 Bd7 42 £5 g X £5 43 g X £5 Bc8 and Black has set up the classic defensive position. . . . . . Even so.g6 37 KgS Kf7? This is the decisive mistake. which could be important in some lines. . . if 38 . . (3) a6 and b5. which achieves nothing after Black's . but could involve Black in considerable technical difficulties.Black can be forced to play . (c) 36 . (b) 36 . which he could have set up during the last few moves. B£7 42 K£8.Be8 the pressure on the e-pawn is maintained for one more move and 38 £4 can be met by 38 . . when the following variations indicate that he can draw against any of White's plans : (a) 36 . . . B£7 39 g4 f X g4 40 £5 + and the g-pawn soon becomes a target for White's bishop) 39 h3 K£7 (not 39 . also Black would be using his pawns more actively. . . which prevents the white king from undertaking anything active. Now White can fix the b-pawn and prepare a4-a5. 38 Bb6! Bc8 Black's last practical chance is to stay on the a4-e8 diagonal. the weakest option) f X g4 39 f X g4 g6 40 Kh6 (40 h4 a5) a5 41 Kg7 b4 42 a X b4 a X b4 with a draw. After 37 . . allowing the white pawn to reach a5. or 4 1 . without leaving White anything on the Q-side. This is what happens in the game and it loses because that position. is an exception to the wrong rook pawn rule .Diagram 2 32 .b6 or . . . .b5). B£7? 40 Kh6 Be8 41 Kg7 and Black gets into Zugzwang by 4 1 .b5 39 Kh6 K£7. . . Ke7 42 Bd6 + Ke6 43 Bb4 etc. . 36 . . with the white bishop at b6. . . Ideally Black should play . (2) a4 and b5.Be8 39 h4 Bd7 40 a4 B X a4 4 1 e6 + K X e6 42 K X g6 Be8 + 43 Kg5 Bd7 44 h 5 Kf7 . to stop a4-a5. . . b5 37 Kg5 Be8 38 £4 g6 (necessary at once. as in the game. b5 55 37 Kg5 Be8 38 g4 (going for two separated pawns. .b5 now. This would draw. . and in choosing which to adopt he must take into account the bishop + wrong rook pawn ending which might occur: ( 1 ) a6 and b7. . After 38 . which is the best because there is no way White could then win with just his a-pawn. it is too late to save the game. b5. b5 37 Kg5 Be8 38 £4 g6 39 Kh6 K£7 40 Ba5 Bd7 and White has to return to the h 3 + g4 plan (or h4-h5. ready to sacrifice his bishop after e6.

43 . . viz.Bc8 44 BbG Bd7 45 Be3 BcB 4G B£2 ! Bd7 47 £4 Bc8 48 hS g XhS 49 K XhS Bd7 50 KgS KeG (Diagram 3) 5 1 g4 £ Xg4 52 Bg3 ! Forcing the required position.45 h6 Kg8 (otherwise Bd4) 46 Kg6 Be8 + 47 K X £5 White's mobile pawn mass will overrun him 39 a4 Bd7 40 aS Bc8 41 Bd8 BeG 42 Bc7 Bd7 43 h4 White now has only to set up the position with two united passed pawns. . Ke7 55 e6 B X e6 (or 55 . As played White wins simply. . but is unnecessary. the Q-side structure will then guarantee him a win. . 54 K X g4 would also win. . 54 . . Kd6 56 Ke4 + and 57 Ke5) 56 f X e6 K X e6 57 Ke4 etc. without the need to stale­ mate the black king in the corner Diagram 3 and create a b-pawn. . 56 . 52 . .K£7 53 £5 Bc8 54 K£4 1-0.

while for sheer violence in the endgame No. The last two games form quite a striking contrast. and ultimately from which to invade the enemy position via d4 or f4. The experienced Geller mishandles his attack in a position which left no margin for error. Early on there is a possibility of transposition into a pawn ending which is favourable to Black but does not appear to yield a win. a typical example of knight vs. indeed Black may even lose this if he is careless . The main theme of the earlier part is Black's control of a strongpoint at e5 which he is able to use as a base for operations by his king and knight. 2 1 would be hard to better. No. since the white pieces still have a considerable amount of scope and Black needs to exercise a great deal of ingenuity to win. however. bad bishop and bishop vs. and the only question is whether there is enough advantage to open up the position and force a win. In No. bad bishop.4. 1 d4 NfG 2 N£3 gG 3 g3 Bg7 4 Bg2 0-0 5 0-0 d5 G Nc3 cG 7 b3 B£5 8 Bb2 Ne4 9 Nh4 N Xc3 10 B Xc3 BeG 57 1 1 Qd2 Nd7 12 Rad 1 NfG 13 £3 Rc8 14 e4 d Xe4 15 £ Xe4 Bg4 1G Rde 1 e5 17 h3 BeG 18 N£3 e Xd4 . 1 97 1 Queen's Pawn In this game we have the opportunity to study several different types of endgame at once. The third type of ending occurs later on when Black finds he has no other way to win than to go into a queen and minor piece endgame and here his last pawn is required to decide the issue. but he manages to keep the damage to a minimum. This is not. Minor pieces This chapter deals with endings where knights and bishops appear together in various combinations . 1 8 Black's pawn weaknesses are relentlessly pursued. with two passive knights outgunned by two powerful bishops. Both sides go wrong in some difficult tactics and White finds a neat drawing resource. The analysis of this ending contains some remarkable twists . 20 is essentially technique. In the next game White's bishop is in danger of becoming passive in its fight against a well-posted knight. Smyslov puts up an active defence. Games 1 6 and 1 7 are fairly typical examples of knight vs. In each case the inferior piece remains helpless for as long as the opponent wishes. but one error is enough to decide the ending. GAME 1 G White : Kholmov Black: Vasiukov USSR. bad knight respectively.

. (c) 52 . Clearly. . . White 58 continues 49 Kf3 Ke5 50 Ke3 (Diagram 2) and if now 50 . . . if Black plays immediately 49 . . or 50 . . Kd6. provided he avoids . . . g5 then 50 Ke2 ! holds the position after either 50 .Diagram 1 Diagram 2 19 N Xd4 Qd7 20 N Xe6 QXe6 21 Re3 Nd7 22 B Xg7 K Xg7 23 Rd3 Ne5 24 Rd6 Qe7 25 Rd 1 Rfe8 26 h4 h5 27 c4 c5 28 Qc3 Kg8 29 Qe3 Rc6 30 R6d5 Ng4 3 1 Q£4 Rf6 32 Rd7 R X£4 33 RXe7 Rf 1 + 34 K Xf l RXe7 35 Rd8 + Kg7 36 B£3 Ne5 37 K£2 Rd7 38 R Xd7 N Xd7 39 Ke3 Ne5 40 Bg2 K£6 4 1 Bh3 Ke7 42 Bee b6 43 Bh3 £6 44 Bf 1 (Diagram 1 ) g5 Black's first aim will be to occupy the strongpoint at e5 with his king rather than his knight. For example. On the other hand. Nf7 46 Bg2 ! Nd8 47 Bh3 Ne6 + 48 B X e6 K X e6 reaching a pawn ending which contains more than appears at first sight. (b) 52 . . h3 53 Kf3 f5 54 h6 f X e4 + 5 5 Kg3 Kf6 56 K X h3 e 3 5 7 Kg3 and wins) 52 h5 Ke6 (52 .£5 53 h6 Kf6 54 e5 + wins. 45 . . . . . . f5 53 h6 f4 + 54 Kf2 and White wins) 53 Kf2 Kf7 54 Kg3 Kg7 55 K X g4 Kh6 56 Kf5 K X h5 57 K X f6 g4 58 e5 g3 59 e6 g2 60 e7 g 1 /Q 6 1 e8/Q + Kh4 62 Qh8 + followed by exchanging queens and White wins easily on the Q-side. White replies 45 Kf4 and the white king will prove very difficult to remove. if in fact he can be removed at all. g5 at the wrong time.Ke6 53 Kf4 winning the h-pawn for nothing. . . . g X h4 52 g X h5 and now (a) 52 . if he tries to do this immediately by 44 . g5 5 1 g4 1 h X g4 (or 5 1 . . g4 5 1 Ke3 etc. Black would retain the advantage in the pawn ending. but if there is a win for him anywhere in the above . . g X h4 5 1 g X h4 Ke5 52 Ke3 f5 53 e X f5 K X f5 54 Kf3 etc. . However. . . . since he will then have the possibility of pene­ trating to d4 or f4 as well as making a direct attack on the white pawn.

. . the bishop must renounce control of f5. 45 Be2 g4 By his last two moves Black proposes to cut off the relevant diagonal and thereby to avoid the variations mentioned above. 48 . probing for a way to achieve this. namely having his pawns stuck on white squares.Ke5 With the king now established at the required square. after which he will be able to manoeuvre in peace. so Black takes the time to regroup. . so he plays a3 which in turn involves 59 creating a different weakness . The objection to this plan is that sooner or later the position will have to be opened. . bringing his knight to a better position. 46 Bd 1 KeG 47 Bc2 Nf3 48 Bd3 And not 48 Kf4? Ne l threatening mate and the bishop. 63 Bd 1 f5! 64 e X£5 N X£5 + 65 Kf2 Kd4 66 Bc2 Ng7 67 Ke2 Kc3 68 Kd 1 Nee White is helpless for the moment. and finally hits on the right plan. after which the bishop will be able to attack the black pawns which are stuck on white squares. so Black tries a different approach 55 Bc2 Na5 56 Bb 1 Nc6 57 Bc2 Nb4! Finding the right manoeuvre. in order to defend the new weakness at b3. He manoeuvres for a while. which allows Black to gain a lot of ground and invade d4.£5 would be useless at this point. 69 Kc 1 Nf6 70 Kd 1 Nd7 7 1 Bg6 Nf6 The problem mentioned earlier. In the latter case he would be obliged to allow the enemy king immediate access to d4. now White must either play a3 or keep the bishop chained to the a-pawn. 49 Bc2 Nd4 50 Bb 1 Ne6 5 1 Bc2 Nd8 52 Bb 1 Nf7 53 Bc2 Nd6 54 Bd3 Nb7 The plan of playing the knight to the natural square d6 to put more pressure on the e-pawn has failed since . 58 Bb 1 a6 59 a3 Nc6 60 Bc2 Na5 6 1 Kd3 Nc6 62 Ke3 Nd4! (Diagram 3) Now.analysis it is very hard to detect and so he prefers to avoid the possibility altogether and stay in the minor piece ending. 72 Bc2 Kb2 73 Kd2(?) White judges it best to let the pawn go and try to confine the enemy king If 73 a4 Nd7 74 Bg6 K X b3 75 B X h5 Nf6 and the black Diagram 3 . Black's plan will be to try and create other targets by softening up White's Q-side pawns. is beginning to cause Black some concern and obliges him to play with consider­ able ingenuity and precision to find a win.

82 . K X b3 78 B X h5 K X c4 79 B X g4 and although Black's king is available to support his pawns. 85 . . . 77 . . 78 B Xh5 c4 79 Bg6 Not.c Xb3+ 80 Kd3 b2 8 1 Kd4 Nf6 82 Bb l Or 82 Ke5 Nh5 ! transposing. .KXa3 74 Kc3 b5 75 c Xb5 a Xb5 76 Bg6 Nd5 + 77 Kc2 b4! (Diagram 4) The alternative 77 . White has no choice but to bring the bishop back to the b l -h7 diagonal and move his king out of the danger zone. 86 Kf4 etc. 73 . .Nd2 86 Bd3 Nc4! (Diagram 5) Not 86 . . . . Instead 86 h5? would lose after 86 . Black is aiming to bring his knight 60 . Ne3 + only draws.a good example of the inadequacy of a short-stepping knight in a wide open position. e. . .NXh5 87 KXh5 Kb3 88 Kg4 Kc3 89 Kf3 Kd2 90 Ke4 Kc l . 85 K Xg4 If 85 h5 g3 and White must play 86 Kf3. and the knight can never escape the attentions of the king. e. the white h-pawn would be very dangerous in view of the short range of the knight. . 79 . . In view of this Black must adopt a different plan.g. Instead. . however. 79 b X c4 b3 + Diagram 4 80 Kb l Nc3 + and wins immediately. . 78 Kd3 Nf l 79 B X h5 N X g3 80 B X g4 K X b3 8 1 h5 N X h5 82 B X h5 c4 + 83 Kd4 c3 84 Bg6 b4 85 Kc5( !) and the pawns are held.g.b l /Q 87 B X b l N X b l 88 h5 since queen and knight can only win against queen in certain problematical positions.Nh5 83 Ke5 N Xg3 84 Kf4 Nf l ! If 84 . . White's prospects would be rather better since 75 . If instead 74 Kd2 Ne5 75 Bd l . of course. . . losing his bishop at once.knight will be able to hold the h-pawn for a long time while his own pawns are ready to run through on the other wing. Another way of drawing would be 86 Kg5 Kb3 87 Kg6 Ne6 88 Kf6 Nf4 89 Kg5 etc . Certainly this would have been an improvement on what actually happens. Nc6 76 Bc2 Nd4 77 Bg6 would involve Black in a certain amount of risk. . since the knight would be obliged perpetually to watch the h-pawn and would be unable to take part in any of the manoeuvres on the other side . Nh5 85 K X g4 Ng7 White draws by moving his king back to the Q-side. He takes maximum advantage of the tactical possibili­ ties open to his knight to arrive at a queen and minor piece ending in which he manages to demonstrate a win with his last pawn. .

Diagram 5

to c2 in order to force the pawn through, and he does this with gain of time by his last move. 87 Kf4 Kb3 88 h5 Na3 89 h6 Nc2 90 h7 If, either at this point or a little later, White exchanges bishop for knight we have the difficult endgame of queen + knight's pawn vs. queen. On the whole, endgame theory tends to fluctuate much less than opening theory, since things are easier to prove conclusively, but this is a case where ideas have changed over the last few years. At one time it was thought that possession of a knight's pawn by the stronger side should lead to a draw and that a bishop's pawn or centre pawn was required for a win. However, more recent analysis has indicated that winning chances are present with anything except a rook's pawn, provided the general positional factors are favourable. Two useful rules are (a) that the defending king, provided he cannot establish himself directly in front of the enemy pawn, of course, 61

should be a s far away as possible, so as not to interfere with his queen's attempts to achieve perpetual check and (b) if the pawn can reach the seventh supported by his king, he has good chances. In the present case both these factors are in favour of Black. A full analysis of all the possible lines would take up far too much space and would be of little practical value, but as an indication of the various devices at Black's disposal, the following may be of interest: (after 90 B X c2 + K X c2 9 1 h7 b 1 /Q 92 h8/Q) 92 . . .Qf l + (first bringing the queen to a more active position) 93 Kg5 Qb5 + 94 Kh6 Qc6 + 95 Kg5 b3 96 Qh2 + (if 96 Qh7 + Kc l ) 9 6 . . . Kb 1 ! (Diagram 6) (taking advantage of the white king's position to prevent a check on g 1 , one of the commonest stratagems in this type of situation) 97 Qh7 + Qc2 (stopping the checks for at least two moves and ensuring the advance of the pawn to the seventh) 98 Qf7 b2
Diagram 6

99 Kh5 Qe2 + l OO Kh6 Kc l 1 0 1 Qc7 + Qc2 and wins by once again taking advantage of the white king's position. 90 . . .b 1/Q 9 1 h8/Q Whatever the difficulties of the queen + pawn vs. queen ending, White should have taken his chances there, because the ending with minor pieces is very bad on account of the vulnerability of the loose bishop. Black's game is nicely compact and co-ordinated, whereas White is hopelessly scattered. 9 1 . . . Qc 1 + 92 K£5 Anything else loses the bishop. 92 . . .Qe3 ! 93 Qg8 + With the black queen more aggressively placed, the queen ending would now be even more

favourable than before, e.g. 93 B X c2 + K X c2 94 Qh2 + Qd2 95 Qc7 + Kb l 96 Kf6 b3 with good winning chances. 93 . . .Kb2 94 Qc4 b3 95 K£6 Nb4 96 Bf l The bishop continues to protect the queen so that 96 . . . Qc3 + may be answered by a king move. If 96 Bg6 Qc3 + 97 Q X c3 + K X c3 98 Bb l Nc2 99 Ke5 Na3 l OO Bg6 Nc2 1 0 1 Bf7 b2 1 02 Ba2 Nb4 1 03 Bb l Kd2 1 04 Kd4 Kc l 1 05 Bg6 Nc2 + and wins. 96 . . .Ka3 0- 1 . H e has n o time to reorganise his defences to stop the pawn, while at the same time getting his bishop to a safe spot.

GAME 17

White Century Paignton, 1 973

Black: Lee Pirc Defence himself on any effective square, no matter how long he manoeuvres around. This situation may appear
Diagram 1

1 e4 d6 2 d4 N£6 3 Nc3 g6 4 Be2 Bg7 5 N£3 0-0 6 0-0 Bg4 7 Be3 Nc6 8 Qd2 B X£3 9 BX£3 e5 10 d X e5 N Xe5 1 1 Be2 a6 12 h3 Qd7 13 £4 Nc6 14 Rad 1 Qe7 15 B£3 Rad8 16 Rfe 1 Rfe8 17 Q£2 Qe6 18 Qd2 Qc8 19 a3 Kh8 20 b4 Kg8 2 1 Qd3 Re7 22 Qc4 Rde8 23 Nd5 N Xd5 24 Q Xd5 Qe6 25 c4 Q Xd5 26 c Xd5 Nd8 27 K£2 £6 28 Rc 1 N£7 29 Bd4 £5 30 B Xg7 K Xg7 (Diagram 1 ) The minor piece ending which is about to arise favours the bishop in spite of the fact that the position is only half-open. The main reason is that the knight is unable to establish
62

1

Diagram 2

remarkable, but is in fact not uncommon, and seems to arise especially from certain types of openings. The only explanation is to say that some pawn positions just happen to have very adverse effects on the scope of enemy knights . When we add to this factor the placing of the black £-pawn on a white square, the better position of the white king and the unbalanced pawn position, which generally favours the player who has other advantages, it is clear that the first player has a substantial plus. 3 1 e X£5 R X e 1 32 RXe1 R X e 1 3 3 K X e 1 g X£5 3 4 Kd2 K£6 35 Kd3 NhB Black is reduced to moving back­ wards and forwards with his knight, since any pawn move would ob­ viously only weaken him still further. 36 a4 The plan is to fix the black pawns on this side onto white squares, and then open up the K-side with g4. This will greatly increase the scope of the bishop, permitting it to penetrate to c8 perhaps, or, as in 63

the game, to come to b5 after an exchange of pawns, with constant threats of Bc6 In addition to this, the K-side will be loosened up for the invasion of the white king and, of course, White will have a passed pawn. 36 . . .Ng6 37 g3 Ke7 38 Kd4 K£6 39 Be2 Ke7 40 aS K£6? (Diagram 2) A mistake which might have lost rapidly. 40 . . . N£8 was necessary to prevent a sacrifice at a6, for example 4 1 B X a6? b X a6 42 b5 a X b5 43 a6 Nd7-b6, or 4 1 b5 a X b5 42 B X b5 h6 etc., and Black is holding on, though of course White keeps his clear advantage. It is worth noting that 43 Bc6 is unsound in this last line on account of 43 . . .b X c6 44 a6 c5 + and 45 . . Nd7, or if 44 d X c6 Ne6 + and 45 . . Nc5. 4 1 Ke3? With this move he prepares 42 g4, but overlooks the immediate tactical stroke 4 1 B X a6 1 , the analysis of which shows what intricate twists can exist in the most innocent-looking positions. After 4 1 . . b X a6 (41 . . b6 42 Bd3 and Black could almost resign) 42 b5 and now: (a) 42 . . .a X b5 43 a6 and the pawn queens. (b) 42 . . .N£8 43 b X a6 again forcing promotion, but not 43 b6?? cXb6 44 aXb6 Nd7 (c) 42 . . Ne7 43 b6 (43 b X a6? Nc8) c6! (the only chance - if 43 . . . c5 + 44 Kc4 wins, and if 43 . . .cXb6 44 aXb6 wins) 44 b7 1 1 c X d5 45 b8/Q Nc6+ 46 KXd5 N X b8 47 K X d6 and the knight is trapped l It is possible that White saw much of this variation, but was not quite

certain of it over the board and preferred to retain his advantage in position for the time being. 4 1 . . .Ne7 42 Kd4 The isolated d-pawn is the one weakness in White's game and forces him to try another approach. 42 . . .h6 Black must have seen the danger of B X a6 at this point, otherwise he might have repeated the position with 42 . . .Ng6. When defending a position of this type, an attempt to break out often leads to a more rapid defeat Here Black might have tried 42 . . .c6 to exploit the slight weakness in White's Q-side pawns, e.g. 43 d X c6 N X c6 + 44 Kd5? N X b4 + 45 K X d6 Nc6 when he cannot lose. White would do best to play in this line 44 Kc4 after which something like 44 . . .Ke6 (44 . . . d5 + 45 K X d5 N X b4 + 46 Kc5 Nc6 4 7 Kb6 wins the b-pawn) 45 Bd3 h6 46 g4 f X g4 (46 . . . Ne7 47 g X £5 + N X £5 48 Be4 is bad) 47 h X g4 retains his advantage. 43 g4 Kg6 Exchanging only helps White and again 43 . . . N g6 allows the sacrifice on a6. 44 b5 a Xb5 45 B Xb5 After this the knight is still chained to e7 on account of the threat Bc6. 45 . . .K£6 46 Bd7 Kg6? He should have exchanged pawns at this point, as the next note indicates . 47 Kc4? White has completed his prepara­ tions in that his king is centralised and his bishop is in its optimum position, attacking the £-pawn and the squares c8 and c6. He is now trying to decide whether he can 64

win by direct action on one of the wings or whether he must try to force Black into Zugzwang by some long manoeuvring. A direct attack on the Q-side would fail as follows : 47 Be6 (to cover the d-pawn) K£6 48 Kc4 Kg6 (48 . . . c6? 49 d X c6 K X e6 50 c X b7 Nc6 5 1 a6 and wins; 48 . . . c6? 49 d X c6 b X c6 50 a6 wins; 48 . . . c6? 49 d X c6 N X c6 50 B X £5 N X a 5 + 5 1 Kd5 Ke7 52 g5 and the bishop wins easily with passed pawns charging down opposite sides) 49 Kb5 K£6 50 a6 b X a6 + 5 1 K X a6 c6 with advantage to Black. However, it appears that 47 B X £5 + would give White a winning pawn ending, mainly because he has two pawns to one on the K-side, while Black dare not touch his own majority on the other wing. Possible lines are : (a) 47 B X £5 + N X £5 + 48 g X £5 + K X £5 49 Ke3 h5 50 K£3 K£6 (50 . . .Kg6 5 1 Ke4 K£6 52 £5 Kg5 53 h4 + K£6 54 K£4 wins, or if in this line 5 1 . . .h4 52 £5 + Kg5 53 £6 K X £6 54 K£4 Kg6 55 Kg4 K£6 56 K X h4 and White wins by one tempo, or if 50 . . .h4 5 1 Ke3, transp osing into one of the other lines) 5 1 Ke4 Kg6 52 £5 + K£7 53 K£4 K£6 54 h4 and wins. (b) 48 . . .K£6 49 Ke3 h5 (49 . . . K X £5 50 K£3 transposes into (a)) 50 K£3 and White either wins the h-pawn or transposes back into (a) The error on the part of both players can readily be understood. Black was unwilling to yield White a passed pawn by exchanging at

and also cover the cl-pawn. Anything else is useless. In fact. . .Diagram 3 Diagram 4 g4 until he thought it was abso­ lutely necessary. If 53 Bd3. He can allow the king to reach that point and try to hold on by playing his knight backwards and forwards. . 50 .K£6 5 1 Bd7 Kg6 52 Bb5 Kf6 (52 . but he still needs to be accurate. or he can manoeuvre his knight to f6 and king to f7 or g7 to stop Kh5. making things much harder. c5 + is then obviously impossible. 49 . If . .fXg4( ! ) 4e h Xg4 Kf6 49 Kd4 The exchange of pawns does not affect the fact that an invasion of the Q-side is no good for White.Nee 56 Ke3 Ne7 57 K£3 (Diagram 4) 1-0. e. . . 55 . . . 65 53 . . 57 . . Black was obliged to withdraw from the tournament for personal reasons. of course. . c5 + I. since . in order to free the king. Black has 53 . . but it is not yet the right square. . d5 60 a7) 60 B X c6 and wins easily.c6 58 d X c6 b X c6 59 a6 Nc8 (59 . Black really has only two possible lines of defence against White's threatened invasion at h5. 47 . 54 Bc2 + K£6 55 Be4! The only correct square for the bishop. . .Kg6 If the knight moves White can play Bc2 without check. If 49 Be6 Kg6 50 Kb5 Kf6 5 1 a6 b X a6 + 52 K X a6 c6 as before. It is interesting to consider whether White can win by force from the final position. . . and so conceded the game.g. Resignation would normally be regarded as premature here. and White did not wish to commit himself to a pawn ending about which he was un­ certain. To put Black into Zugzwang he must control the square g6 as a first step. .Kg6 50 Bee + (Diagram 3) This does no harm. White now plans to play his king over to h5. or if here 5 1 f5 Ke5 and he can make no progress on the Q-side.h5? 53 Be8 + ) 53 Ba4! This is the right plan. . since he has good chances anyway by retaining pieces.

and then moves the knight to g8. . which readers may be interested to investigate. Ne7 66 g5 is no better) 66 g5 h X g5 67 f X g5 Nd7 68 Bf5 Nb6 69 Kc6 etc. combined with the possession of a passed pawn on the other side. . After 63 . e. Kf7 and not 63 . 1 972 Vienna Game In the modern game there is a tendency for players to worry less about structural weaknesses in their positions. White is able to bring the pawns under pressure which eventually proves too strong . e. is hopeless for Black) 58 Ke3 Ne7 59 Kd4 Nc8 60 Kc4 Ke7 6 1 Kb4 Na7 62 a6 b X a6 63 Ka5 and the invasion of the Q-side. 61 g5 h X g5 62 f X g5 followed by playing the king across to the other side . Another try for White is to capture with a pawn at g5. . . . Nc8 (57 . . .57 . as soon as he plays a6 to get among the pawns with his king. control of the centre. 63 . This note is already long enough ! There are obviously many different permutations of possible defensive moves by Black. Nc8 58 Kg3 Ne7 59 Kh4 Nc8 60 Kh5 Kg7 and now 6 1 g5 h X g5 62 K X g5 Ne7 63 f5 Ng8 64 Bg2 Nf6 65 Bf3 Ng8 66 Bd l Nf6 67 Bb3 Nf4 + and White does not appear to be able to make any progress. Kf7 Black keeps his knight at e7 until White plays f5. . holding back the pawn.g. if they can obtain compensation in terms of active piece play.Kg6. depriving his king of that square. . . If in this line White plays 63 Bf3. . . This is quite a normal decision. . followed by . A better defence is 57 .b6 58 a6 Nc8 59 Bd3 Na7 60 Kg3 b5 6 1 Kh4 b4 62 Bc4 Kg6 63 f5 + Kf6 64 Kh5 Kg7 65 f6 + wins.g. etc. . Ng8 64 Kf5 Kf7 65 Bh5 + and White penetrates to e6 or g6 when Black is in real trouble. . then 63 . Nc8 64 K X a6 Kd8 65 Kb7 Nb6 (65 . the best chance seems to be the invasion of the Q-side without any exchange of pawns by g5 (in other words to forget about playing the king to h5). hoping that he will be able to use the open files and that the pawns themselves will usefully keep the white pieces out of d5 and f5. GAME 18 White: Larsen Black: Smyslov Las Palmas. . In the opening variation employed here Black accepts doubled isolated e-pawns. We then have the following variations: 57 . depriving White of all his pawns I Going back to Diagram 4. but. . In that case there appears to be no win for White. Ng6 58 B X g6 K X g6 59 f5 + Kg5 60 Kg3 h5 6 1 g X h5 K X h5 62 Kf4 etc. . Black will exchange at a6 and capture on d5 with his knight. 66 . Unfortunately. These lines are more or less what one would expect if Black tampers with his Q-side pawns. as the endgame approaches. but it seems likely that the attack on the Q-side is a winning plan. . should be decisive.

In any case he is not yet sure that the exchange of bishops is desirable.Ke7 30 Ne 1 b Xa4 Black is faced with the usual defensive problem of whether to sit tight and allow the opponent to occupy the desired squares. Against the alternative 30 . . fixing the whole Q-side. . where it will observe the sensitive spots b4. . while defending his weak pawns. 32 Bc 1 Not 32 B X b6 N X b6 and it is White who loses a pawn. Bc5 35 Kf3. 28 Ke2 Kf7 29 Nf3 First of all he manoeuvres the knight to d3.c5. and Black will find it virtually impossible to stop the white king's advance. . since 3 1 B X b6 N X b6 32 a5 Nd7. . He settles for the latter. this will be necessary sooner or later to stop a5. should the bishop be on the a3-f8 diagonal or at c 1 ?. Ba5 33 Ba3 + c5 Again the unpleasant choice between creating another target and leaving the whole diagonal open to the bishop. followed by . hoping to expose the white a-pawn. Even the best players in the world find that a certain amount of trial and error is required in this type of situation.g. . . penetrating the K-side while Black can do nothing on the Q-side) 35 c5 + Kd7 36 Nb4 a5 37 Nd3. for example. 29 . 32 . or to defend actively by trying to create Diagram 1 a weakness in White's game. should the king try to get through via c4 or stay at e2 for K-side action?. . 26 Kf l Nd7 27 Be3 b5 Although every pawn move will mean another shght weakness. . . . . For the next few moves White is probing to discover what are the best squares for his pieces. Bb6 White would withdraw his bishop (3 1 Be l ).1 e4 e5 2 Bc4 Nf6 3 Nc3 Bb4 4 Nf3 d6 5 0-0 0-0 6 d3 BeG 7 B Xe6 f Xe6 8 Ne2 Nbd7 9 c3 Ba5 10 a4 c6 1 1 Ng3 Qe7 12 Qe2 h6 13 d4 Bc7 14 b3 Qf7 15 Ba3 Rfe8 16 d Xe5 N Xe5 17 N Xe5 d Xe5 18 Rfd 1 RedS 19 Bc5 a6 20 h3 RXd 1 + 2 1 R X d 1 Rd8 22 RXd8+ B Xd8 23 Nf l Qd7 24 Qd2 Q Xd2 25 N Xd2 (Diagram 1 ) Bc7 Black's first job must be to prevent 26 Bd6.Nb6 would allow White a favourable exchange by 32 B X b6 B X b6 33 Nd3 Kd6 34 c4 Bc7 (or 34 . c5 and e5. Kf7 26 Bd6 Nd7 27 Nc4 Kf6 28 a5 and he is already tied up . . 3 1 b Xa4 Bb6 3 1 . would enable Black to cover up his weaknesses successfully. e. but in so doing permits another weakness to appear at c4. . who might later appear at d6 or f8 34 Kd2 67 . 25 . followed by Kf3-g4. and so on.

after which it is not clear how White can make progress. .Kb5. as it were . Bc5 43 B X c5 K X c5 44 Kf3 a5.K Xa5 49 Nee g5 Not 49 . . winning back the pawn immediately It turns out that the material cannot be held. Black has 42 . 42 a5 If 42 Be3. losing most of his advantage . 4 1 . but White maintains some positional advantage . then 42 a5 Nc8 43 Nc4 followed by Ba3 prevents the king from straying any further to defend the threatened sector. . Kd7.N c5 + and 48 . . In view of all this Smyslov decides on the ingenious move .If 34 Kd3 Kd6 35 Kc4 Nb6 + drives him back. . B X g3 50 N X g7 Nc5 + 5 1 Kc4. . . . Bc5. . winning another pawn. . . but has obliged Black to assemble all his pieces there to prevent it His plan now therefore is to play his king through the white squares on the K-side. trying to win the pawn in more favourable circumstances. catching Black off balance. as a result the black pieces become entirely passive. . 34 . . 48 . 42 . 44 .g. the strength of the outside passed pawn will tip the scales in Black's favour. N X a4 1 46 N X a4 + Kb5 47 Nb2 a4 48 Nd l a3 49 Ne3 Ka4 50 Nc2 Kb3 5 1 Nb4 K X c3 52 Na2 + Kb3 53 Nc l + Kb2 and Black wins I On move 45 White would therefore be forced to withdraw his king. e. . . . The only move was 50 . . . a perfect square from which he attacks two pawns. . because he allows the white knight to settle on f7.Bd6 45 Ne4 Be5 46 £3 Kb5 47 Kd3 B£2 48 Nd6 + In view of the twin threats 48 . . He would thus be obliged to play . 50 g4 Kb6? This is the decisive mistake. e4! Threatening 42 . g6. .Nd7 43 N Xe4 Be5 Threatening 44 . . .B X g3 this is clearly White's only winning chance.Kd6 35 Nd3 Be7 36 Ke2 KeG 37 Be 1 Nb6 38 Nb2 Bd8 39 Kd3 Be7 40 g3 Bd6 41 Ke2 (Diagram 2) He has been unable to penetrate via c4 with his king. . . If Black tries to stop this by 41 . . Although White will get through to the K -side pawns with his knight in this line. and if · 45 Kg4?. 47 Ne8 g6 48 Nd6 Ka4 49 Nf7 h5 etc. 68 Diagram 2 44 Na3 Again not 44 Be3 B X e3 45 K X e3 Kb5 46 Nd6 + K X a5. . . . . B X e3 . . Ba3 and thus forcing White to accept the temporary pawn sacrifice. Kb6? permits 52 Be3 . . Against 5 1 Nc7 Ne8 52 Be3? Black has 52 . since 5 1 . after which f4 combined with h4-h5 will continue the softening-up pro­ cess.

. a4 Diagram 3 The pawn is more vulnerable here. 61 . another player might well have continued 6 1 Be3. . With his last move White continues the process of restriction. where he will reinforce the attack on the e-pawn and support a further break­ through by h4 . 53 Nd8 Nc5 + 54 Kc4 Kc7 would be no use. Even here.g. there is no hurry for this since Black's weaknesses are permanent.Ng6 62 B X h6? B X h6 63 N X h6 Kc5 64 Kc3 Nh4 would equalise for Black Instead he switches his pressure back to the a-pawn. e. . the bishop is heading for g3. . .53 K X e3 Kc5 with advantage. He is faced with several enemy weaknesses and it is necessary to work out just which is the right one to attack at any moment. . White might well have simply repeated moves after 54 . . . Be7. whereupon 6 1 . of course. . 58 . Kc6 57 Nd8 + Kd6 58 Nb7 + 57 Kc2 Kb6 58 h4 Another winning line would be 58 Kc3 Ka5 59 Bh2. However. by 55 Nc7 Bd6 etc. preparing to attack the a-pawn and keeping the black king out of b5. Having j ust exposed the h-pawn. .g Xh4 59 B Xh4 Nf8 60 Bf2+ KeG 6 1 Kc3 ! It is instructive to observe White's flexible approach to the position . . . 55 Bc5 B X c5 56 K X c5 Ka4 57 c4 a5 58 Nc7 Kb3 and Black is at least holding his own. 56 . 53 . White cannot improve his position. 5 1 Nd6 BcS 52 Nf7 Bf8 53 Be3 + ! Much the strongest. so White's best is probably (5 1 Nc7 Ne8) 52 Kc4 Be7 53 Be3 Bd6 54 Ne8 Be7. . First of all Larsen increases the pressure in another sector and exposes the h-pawn.Ng6 62 Kb4 Nf4 63 K Xa4 Nd3 (Diagram 4) Diagram 4 69 . although Black is reduced to oscillating his bishop.Kc7 54 Bf2 aS 55 Bg3 Bg7 56 c4! (Diagram 3) Within five moves the situation has altered drastically and Black has hardly any decent moves. which is now helpless. . when Black has no move which does not lose a pawn. but if 56 . however.

. though this might be loosening and would have to be very carefully considered. . 18 .White now wins without too much trouble. . Nc5 67 Nf7 Nd3 68 Bg3 Bg7 69 c5 Ke7 70 c61 etc. . . making room for White's own. but chiefly prepares the advance of the pawns. 20 f3 Bf8 2 1 Kf2 Nd7 This gives him a number of options for future action. . Nc5-e6 as in the game. A little slower would be 76 Kb6 Ne8 77 c7 Kd7. . . as his bishop-pair is ineffective and the black knights are the first to take the initiative. . 67 B Xe7 K Xe7 68 Nc6+ Kd6 69 Kb6 Nc5 70 Nd8 Nd7 + 7 1 Kb5 Ke7 72 Nb7 Nf6 73 c5 h5 74 g Xh5 N Xh5 75 c6 Nf6 76 Kc5 ! Accurate to the end. but his accurate play right to the end is interesting to observe. 64 Bh4 Kc5 would give Black counterplay. Nb6-c4 and even .e X d4 24 Ne2 c5 (24 . Ne8 77 Kb6 Nf6 78 c7 Kd7 79 Nd6 !.g. e. . when transposition to the game by 22 . 23 . 76 . For example. . or if here 78 . so the king is driven back first. 22 Be3 The immediate 22 Ne2 is also possible. . . Bc5 70 1 Nf3 g6 2 e4 d6 3 d4 Nf6 4 Nc3 Bg7 5 Be2 0-0 6 0-0 Bg4 7 Be3 Nc6 8 Qd2 e5 9 d Xe5 d Xe5 10 Rad 1 Qc8 1 1 Qc 1 Rd8 12 RXd8+ QXd8 13 Rd 1 Qf8 14 h3 B Xf3 15 B Xf3 Rd8 16 R Xd8 Q Xd8 17 Qd2 Q Xd2 18 B Xd2 (Diagram l ) There is much more to this rather Diagram 1 . . .b5 23 Ne2 23 B X d4 is not to be recommended. White must take immediate steps to disentangle himself. . . it is White who has to be careful. . . Nd7 + 79 Kc6. . .Nd4 19 Bd 1 c6 Keeps the white knight quiet. 64 Nd8 + Kd7 65 Bh4 Bf8 66 Kb5 Be7 If 66 . He loses a move so that if now 76 . . . . viz . . Curious how the only remaining black pawns are the original doubled isolated ones 1 GAME 19 White : Webb Black: Matulovic Birmingham.Ng8 77 Nd6 1-0. . In spite of appearances.£5. 1 975 Pirc Defence ordinary-looking position than might be expected. b5 is the most likely 22 .

or 36 a3 Ke6) g X h4 35 f4 (otherwise . followed by .Bc5 2 3 . . . . . . 23 . . . . g X h4 32 g X h4 Nf4 but White must do something to stop the gradual conquest of his black squares by the manoeuvre outlined above. after which Black exchanges bishops and plays 71 . If 27 c4 b4. . 30 Ke3 g5(!) 31 Bd 1 Now 3 1 h4 would leave the h-pawn perilously weak after 3 1 . . If 25 b4? c X b4 26 N X d4 Bc5 27 Ke3 Ne5(-c6) costs White a piece. bad bishop ending. leading back into the game. . . but White faced a surprisingly difficult decision. best here is 27 b4 a X b4 28 c X b4 Ne6. Let us look at the alterna­ tives : (a) 26 B X c5 N X c5. and c3 to follow. blocking all his pieces and leaving a hole at d5.h5 32 Bb3 Nd4 33 f4 (Diagram 3) If 33 Bd 1 h4 34 g X h4 (34 f4 h X g3 35 fXe5 Ke7 1 and White has no decent moves. or 26 . White would stand better. .Black must be made to capture) B X e3 28 K X e3 a X b4 (28 . taking at b4 with the a-pawn instead of the c-pawn keeps the knight out of d4 and this makes all the difference. . of course. . . . (c) 26 a3 1 (best) Kf8 (26 . keeping the king out. Nc5. Then nothing can prevent the march of the black king to c5. . e. .Diagram 2 25 N c l Bb6 26 Ke2 c5 is also good) and Black follows up with .c5? would be a horrible move. . . and White's game is perfectly satisfactory. and if 27 Bd 1 Nd3 + . . After 24 Nc3 a6 25 Nd5. . . B X e3 + 2 7 K X e3 followed by b4. g5 at once here. a5. preventing the dangerous plan of fixing the h-pawn and making a hole at f4 by . and Black has much the better of it. .g. as in the main line) 27 b4 (not 27 B X c5 N X c5 28 b4 a X b4 29 a X b4 Na4 . developing a strong initiative.a4? 29 c4) 29 aX b4. . one would expect 29 . (b) 26 b3 b4 1 27 c X b4 (27 B X c5 comes to the same thing) a X b4. and equally White would have been well­ advised to play now 30 h4. 36 Bg4 Nc2 + . h5 and .h4. 24 c3 N Xe2 25 B Xe2 (Not 25 B X c5? N X c3 !) aS (Diagram 2) 26 b4(?) This move leaves Black with a small but clear endgame advantage.Ne6-d4 with e classic knight vs . . g5. 3 1 . so he prepares to stir up complications based on playing f4. threatening 27 . followed by the occupation of d4 by the knight. . 26 . . a4 27 c4 1 b X c4 28 B X c4 and White stands better. . . . .Na4.aXb4 27 B Xc5 N Xc5 28 c Xb4 Ne6 29 g3 Kf8 Surprising. .

hXg3 White does not dare move his king and Black's chief threat is simply to come and collect the K-side pawns 72 with his king. 38 Bd 1 in this last line leads to unexpected complications as follows: (a) 38 . . The only way to lose a move is by the king manoeuvre . .Kg7 36 Bd 1 Kg6 and . . .£5 is the most obvious. Nd4 46 B X b51) 46 Ba4 Nd4 47 Bd 1 with a draw. .Ke7-e6 etc. 44 . Kh7-g7-h6 and. . but not 39 . but knight moves allow Kf3 and if . Since 35 Bd 1 Kg? 36 Bh5 Nc2 + will not do.Diagram 3 35 . . (b) If. . . 34 f X e5 h X g3 ! leads to the same position as mentioned in the note to White's 3 3rd move. 37 g6? If 37 h6 + Kg6 38 g X f6 K X f6 39 h7 Kg7 40 Bg8 Kh8 4 1 a3 Kg7 wins the h-pawn by Zugzwang.f5. . . He therefore needs a good waiting move. . 34 . Although the knight remains a strong piece. . . . . 34 f XgS This is forced. . . in order to attack the pawns more easily with his king. . Instead Black seeks a combinative solution.g. However. Kg5 39 a3 (if 39 Bf3? Nc2 + etc .N X f3 40 K X f3 K X h5 4 1 K X g3 Kg5 42 a3 and draws !) Kh6 40 Bg4 Nc2 + 41 Kf3 N X a3 42 K X g3 Nc2 43 Bd7 N X b4 44 Kg4 and in spite of his extra material the threat of 45 Kf5 makes a win impossible for Black. Ne6-f4) f6 36 a3 Ke7 with Black keeping his advantage. and 37 g X f6 + K X f6 38 Bg8 Kg7 ! 39 Bb3 N X b3 40 aXb3 Kh6 41 Kf3 K X h5 42 K X g3 Kg5 leads to a fatal turning of White's position. Nc2 45 B X c6 b4 (45 . indeed. 33 . .Kh4 at any point. is unlikely to lead to decisive results. Black could transfer the move to White when his king is at g5 and the bishop is at d 1 .£6 34 f X g5 f X g5 35 Bd 1 h4 36 g X h4 g X h4 37 a3 etc. he would win by Zugzwang. in which White has no adequate defence against . Black wishes first to weaken the squares f6 and h6. . . . the h-pawn runs through. the following pawn advance is compulsory. if White continues to move backwards and forwards with his . in the earlier part of this variation. and Black then has a number of ways of winning. . 34 g X h4 g X f4 + 3 5 Kf2 is just as bad. e. . . of which 35 . 35 h4 Kg7 36 h5 f6 Not 36 . the opening of the game helps the bishop and the black Q-side pawns fixed on white squares could become a cause for concern. . .h4 The more routine 33 .

can avoid this and hold the position by keeping his bishop more active. Obviously only bishop moves are possible. 39 Kf3 e4+ Now this is not good enough. Black is left to discover. After 40 . . . All this is extremely difficult to see over the board. as White has more time. and both 39 Be6 and 39 Bf7 lose quickly. (c) White. Now. . . . exploiting the knight's short range. . Black may still-appear to be winning.£5 38 e Xf5 N X£5 + ? Very natural. . but White has a clever drawing plan in mind. but it only leads to a draw. . . N X f3? 46 K X f3 K Xh5 47 K X g3 Kg5 48 Kf3 Kh4 49 Ke3 Kg3 50 Kd3 Kf4 5 1 Kc4 only draws now !) 46 Kd3 N X b4 + 4 7 Kc4 Nc2 4 8 Kc5 Ne 1 and wins. that 43 .e. . e3 44 Kf3 e2 45 K X e2 Nc3 + 46 Kd3 N X a2 47 Kd4 N X b4 48 Kc5 Nd5 etc. 41 Bd l ! Ne3+ There is nothing else available. i. this can be achieved Variation (a) up to 40 Bg4 and then 40 . . 43 Kf4 loses as follows: 43 . . as control of f3 turns out to be critical. . or if 42 Bf3 Nc2 + ) b X a4 43 B X a4 Kh6 44 Bd 1 Kg5 45 Bf3 Nc2 + (45 . as in Variation (a). Therefore 39 Bd 1 N X f5 + 40 Ke2 Kh6 4 1 Ke 1 Ne3 42 Bb3 Nd5 43 a3 ( 43 B X d5 c X d5 is hopeless or if 43 Kf l Nf4 44 Bd 1 g2 + 45 Kg 1 e3 leads to a position very similar to the main variation) Nf4 44 Bd 1 (44 Bc2 g2 45 Kf2 e3 + 46 Kg 1 e2 wins at once) g2 45 Kf2 e3 + 46 Kg 1 e2 73 47 B X e2 N X e2 + 48 K X g2 Nf4 + 49 Kf3 N X h5 50 Ke4 K X g6 and Black just has enough to win after ( l ) 5 1 Kd4 Nf4 52 Kc5 Nd5 53 K X c6 Nc3 or (2) 5 1 Ke5 Nf6 52 Kd6 Nd5.Kh6 43 Bg4. 42 K Xg3 N X d l (Diagram 4) 43 a3 ! ! This is the point. 39 Bf7 Nc2 + 40 Ke2 g2 4 1 Kf2 e3 + etc.bishop. and White's decision to keep his pawns intact is fully understandable 37 . leading to a draw again) 43 Kf3 N X a3 44 Bd7 Nc2 45 K X g3 N X b4 46 Kg4 and we are back in Variation (a). of course. doubtless to his annoyance. which transposes into ( 1 ). . .e4 ! 1. Nb2 Diagram 4 . 40 Kg2 Kh6 40 . . Kh7 41 Bd1 Kg? 42 a4 (42 Bg4 Kh6 43 Bd 1 Kg5. Kh7 4 1 Bd7 Kg? 42 Bc8 Nc2 + (or 42 . however. . however. e3 41 Kf3 Kh6 42 Bd 1 KXh5 43 g7 N X g7 44 K X g3 + Kg5 45 Kf3 Nf5 46 a4 1 leaves only a draw. Correct is the remarkable 38 . .

Kd7 30 Kf 1 Diagram 1 1 e4 c5 2 Nc3 e6 3 g3 d5 4 e Xd5 e Xd5 5 Bg2 Nf6 6 d4 c Xd4 7 Q Xd4 Nc6 8 Qd l d4 9 Nce2 Bc5 10 Nf3 Bf5 1 1 0-0 0-0 12 Nf4 ReS 13 Nd3 Bb6 14 Bg5 h6 15 B Xf6 QXf6 16 Nd2 Qg6 17 Nc4 Bc7 18 a4 Bg4 19 Bf3 Bh3 20 Re l Qf5 2 1 Bh l Re6 22 Qf3 Rae8 23 Q Xf5 B Xf5 24 B Xc6 b X c6 25 RXe6 B Xe6 26 Re l KfB 27 Nc5 Bf5 28 RXeB+ K Xe8 (Diagram 1 ) This ending offers a good practical example of how two bishops carry out the process of steadily restrict­ ing two knights. Moreover. 45 Kf3 Kf6 46 Ke2 Nb2 47 K Xe3 Nc4+ 48 Kd4 N Xa3 49 Kc5 Nc2 50 KXc6 N Xb4+ 51 K Xb5 Nd5 Y2-Y2 .Kg7 44 Kf4 e3 44 . He tries to finesse. they must possess strong supported outposts near the centre.44 Kf4 Nc4 45 K X e4 N X a3 46 Kd4 Nc2 + 47 Kc5 only draws. . but it is too late. however. In the present case. 29 Nd3 The alternative ways of covering the c-pawn are also unsatisfactory 74 . If 29 c3 d X c3 30 b X c3 Ke7 3 1 Kf l Bb6 32 N X b6 (32 Ne3 Bh3 +) a X b6 33 Nb3 Bc2 and wins. GAME 20 White: Suttles Black: Tal Hastings. If the knights are to stand any chance in such an ending. the knight on c5 is unable to maintain his advanced position. . 1 973-4 Sicilian Defence If 29 Na3 Bd6 30 Nd3 (or 30 Nb3 B X a3 3 1 b X a3 B X c2 32 N X d4 B X a4) B X a3 3 1 b X a3 B X d3 and the pawn ending is hopelessly lost. . if here 3 1 Na6? Bd3 32 N X c7 B X c4. 29 . trapping the knight. or if 3 1 Nb3 Bc2 32 Nc5 (or 32 Ncd2 Be5 33 c4 Bc3. until they are deprived of all mobility. again winning material) Bb6 33 Ne3 B X c5 34 N X c2 Kd6 and the king rapidly invades the Q-side. the approach of the black king will soon force the one on c4 still further back. . 43 . . . Nc3 45 Ke3 Kh6 46 Kd4 also leads nowhere . and so he and his colleague are for the time being confined to the relatively passive squares d3 and c4.

c5 Taking the process of confining the knights a step further. Bc8 and . . . Diagram 2 soon loses his a-pawn by . . .g. 37 Nh4 Diverting the bishop Passive defence again leaves White in great trouble. . c4 would be even more restrictive. . (b) 39 Kd 1 Kc3 40 Kc l Ba3 + 4 1 Kb 1 (4 1 Kd 1 f6 and White must yield) Kd2 and invades the K -side.BaG 3G N£3 BdG This prepares . . Black breaks through with 3 3 Nd2 Bc8 34 Nc4 Ba6 35 Ncb2 Bd6 36 Kd2 c4 37 b X c4 + B X c4 38 N X c4 K X c4 and now: (a) 39 N moves Kb4. . 30 . . 33 . . 32 . forcing White's reply and avoiding a committal move just before the 75 . . BcB 34 Nd2 £5 35 £4 Trying to secure a strongpoint in the centre. so that Black's king is now firmly entrenched in the centre. . and if then Nb2 Bc3.a5 and . If White tries 35 Ndb2 Ba5 36 Kd3 Be 1 37 f3 (37 Ke2 Bc3 loses material) f5 38 Nd l B X c 4 + 39 b X c4 + Kc6 4 0 Ke2 Bb4. Kb6-a5. as this pawn must be blockaded at all costs. . 41 Nd3 Ke4 Probably the sealed move. e. he . followed by . BcB 38 N£3 c4 39 Nb2 c Xb3 40 cXb3 BaG + With the opening of the position the bishops really begin to show their teeth. The general point to note in these variations is that Black must be prepared to exchange one of his bishops to make progress . . otherwise he will inevitably get into one of the bad lines given above. .c4 by stopping the knight check at b4. 37 Nd2 (or 37 Kd2 c4 38 b X c4 B X c4 39 Nfe5 B X d3 40 N X d3 Kc4) c4 38 b X c4 B X c4 39 N X c4 (otherwise the a-pawn is weak anyway and Black keeps his bishops) K X c4 etc. especially since they now have a passed pawn too. . if 4 1 Kf2 Ba3 42 Nd1 Bd3 43 Ne 1 Be4 44 Nf3 Bc2. . already winning a pawn and keeping the knights tied up . driving the knights right back. White has httle choice but to play into the self-pin.KeG 31 Ke2 Kd5 32 b3 This is necessary because 32 Nd2 c5. because e5 is also kept under some control. Ba5. . . 35 . . . . and he intends . N d 1 Ba 1 etc. The square b4 is taken under control. If for example 4 1 Kd2 Bb4 + 42 Kc2 Ke4 with tremendous pressure. . 33 £3 (Diagram 2) If he just waits by moving his knight backwards and forwards. Ba6.30 Nc5 + Ke7 3 1 Nd3 Ke6 leads to positions similar to the game. and is better than . 37 . .

. This is typical of such cases. his own) B X d3 49 N X d3 Kf3 50 Ne5 + K X g3 5 1 h6 Bf6 52 Nf7 f4 and wins.g6 45 NeS gS 46 h XgS White has several choices here. . Black has 45 . which need to be examined in detail: (a) Capturing once and making a passed pawn . then 44 . (c) 46 f X g5 h X g5 47 Ng6 Ke4 48 N X e7 B X d3 + 49 Kd2 g X h4 50 g X h4 f4 5 1 h5 f3 52 Ke l Kf4 53 Kf2 Be4 54 b4 d3 and wins.hXgS 47 f XgS If 47 Nf3 g4 48 Nd2 Bb4 and White is forced to surrender a pawn at once by 49 Nc4. . Kf3. . and the consistency of the above analysis . The second pawn exchange does not improve White's prospects much. the knights have just enough resources to keep the king out of e4. If instead (44 Kd2 Ke4) 45 Nfe l . 46 . . The bishops are even prevent­ ing him from occupying e5. (ii) 48 Ng5 B X g5 49 h X g5 f4 1 (not 49 . (b) 46 f X g5 h X g5 47 Nf3 g4 and now: (i) 48 Ne5 Bd6. 42 Nd2+ KdS 43 N£3 (Diagram 3) Be7 Having made the maximum space gains in the centre and on the Q-side. Therefore the knight would have to go to e5 or g5 at move 48. . any other knight move losing a piece by 49 . . Ke4 76 Diagram 3 50 g6 !) 50 g6 (50 Kd2 B X d3 5 1 K X d3 f X g3) Ke6 5 1 g X f4 g3 52 K£3 B X d3 53 K X g3 B X g6 and wins. 44 .Ke4 45 Nde5 (or 45 Nfe5 B X d3 46 N X d3 Kf3) Bb4 + and there is precious little to stop the advance of the d-pawn. . . B X d3 46 N X d3 and then a choice between 46 . . 44 h4 Another weakness. . . g5 and the immediate invasion 46 . Ke4.adjournment. and if he unpins by 44 Kd2. . Black looks round for a chance to open another front. . g5 will stretch their defensive capacity to breaking-point. winning at least a pawn. . viz. but he has little chance of doing anything construc­ tive. 48 Ng5 Bb4 1 49 Nf7 B X d 3 + 50 K X d3 Be l 5 1 Nh6 Ke6 52 KXd4 B X g3 53 Ke3 Bh2 ! 54 b4 g3 55 Kf3 g2 56 K X g2 B X f4 57 N X f5 K X f5 58 b5 Bc7 and wins. . but the creation of further play by . (d) 46 Nf3 g X h4 47 g Xh4 B X h4 1 48 N X h4 Ke4 and wins . . when Black is stopping the h-pawn comfortably and will soon make another passed pawn of.46 f X g5 h X g5 47 h5 Ke4 48 Kd2 (or 48 h6 Bf6 49 Nc4 ���:?1. . (iii) 48 Nd2 Bd6 49 Nf l with a very passive position.

. . winning by a king invasion because White will never be able to capture either pawn safely. 57 . . .K Xa7 60 N XfS b3 61 NdG KbG 62 Nc4+ KbS 0. GAME 2 1 White: Ftacnik Sochi. 1 977 Black: Geller 1 c4 gG 2 Nc3 Bg7 3 d4 N£6 4 e4 dG 5 N£3 0-0 6 Be2 eS 7 0-0 NcG 8 dS Ne7 9 Ne l Nd7 10 Nd3 fS 1 1 Bd2 NfG 12 f3 Kh8 13 Re 1 cS 14 g4 Bd7 15 N£2 Neg8 16 Kh l f4 77 17 b4 bG 18 NbS aG 19 Na3 Nee 20 Rb l Qh4 2 1 Be l hS 22 Nd3 QfG 23 h3 h Xg4 24 h Xg4 NhG 25 b XcS bXcS 26 RbG Qd8 27 Rb2 BfG 28 Kg2 Bh4 .B Xg3 5 2 Nb4+ KcS 53 NcG aG 54 Kd3 Bf2 55 Na7 The only way to keep the game alive. If 5 1 Kf3 Kc4 and the pawns are soon gobbled up. f4 60 KX b4 f3 and then either 6 1 Kc4 Be3 62 Kd3 f2 63 Ke2 d3 + 64 Kf l Bd4 ! and wins. aXb5 56 aG b4 (not 56 .KbG 58 a7 Kb7 59 NdG+ 59 Kc4 is no better in the long run: 59 . with similar variations to those in the next note. . .B XgS 48 b4 (Diagram 4) This is the critical line. 59 .B Xd3+ One bishop is now more than equal to the task 49 N Xd3 Be7 50 bS BdG 5 1 aS A desperate attempt to create a passed pawn. .1. The further opening of the position has again increased the bishops' scope and anything else would prove even worse. 48 . . . while 5 1 Nf4 + B X f4 52 g X f4 Kc4 5 3 Kd2 Kb4 leads to a loss after 54 Kd3 KXa4 55 K X d4 K X b5 56 Ke5 a5 57 KX f5 a4 58 Ke6 (58 Kg6 a3 59 f5 a2 60 f6 a 1 /Q 6 1 f7 Qh8) a3 59 f5 a2 60 f6 a 1 /Q 61 f7 Qa3 . . . . Kb6 57 N X b5) 57 NbS If 57 Nc8 Kc6 58 a7 Kb7 59 Kc4 f4. 5 1 .Diagram 4 leads one to feel that he was lost whatever he did. or 6 1 Nd6 + K X a7 62 Kc4 Be3 63 Ne4 f2 64 Ng3 Kb6. 47 . . . forcing Black to come to a decision. If 48 Nf3 Be3 49 Nd2 (or 49 N e 1 Ke4 50 b4 Bc4 and White will be lucky not to lose a piece) B X d 3 + 50 K X d3 B X d2 5 1 K X d2 a5! 52 Kd3 Kc5 and wins. . White still has a few traps left 55 . as there is no adequate way of defending the g-pawn.

then. while his opponent regroups and decides how to increase the pressure. White uses this file to attack the weak a­ and d-pawns. which transposes) Nf6 4 1 Bd l Nd8 42 Rb6 Ke7 followed by .N£7 33 Rh 1 N£6 34 Rb6 White has still to be careful on the K -side. leading into something like the actual game. 34 . . . . a5 at any point would allow Nb5 and the appearance of a passed pawn if this knight is 78 captured. . If White then persists with 43 b5?. . he still cannot avoid an exchange of rooks after 34 . equalising. First of all. Rh8 35 Rb6 Rh7. . Rh8 loses material by 35 R X h8 K X h8 36 N X c5 etc. . . as a result of which his attacking chances have largely disappeared and he is left with a disadvantage in White's control of the b-file. . The alternative of 37 Nc l . . if he throws everything into his own attack by 34 Rhb 1 . .N£6 38 Nb 1 Ne8 39 Nc3 N£6 (Diagram 2) White now has to decide which piece to exchange at a4 and which one to retain. Either 36 Rh l or 36 Rb8 Rh8 would then be necessary. 37 . winning a pawn. . Nd7. If instead 39 R X b3 Kf8 40 Rb7 (or 40 Rb6 Nd8. 35 Rhb 1 RXb6 36 RXb6 Ne8 Since . planning to reach a5 and c6 with the knight. . . Black is temporarily condemned to passive defence. Ba4( 1) and if 38 Nb3 B X b3 39 aXb3 Kf8 40 Nc2 Nf6 4 1 b4 Nd7 42 Rb7 (or 42 Rc6 Ke7 43 b5 a X b5 44 c X b5 Rb8 and Black is quite safe) Ke8. .Diagram 1 29 Rh1 B Xe 1 30 Q X e 1 Kg7 3 1 Qh4 Q Xh4 32 RXh4 (Diagram 1 ) Black has wrongly permitted an exchange of queens in the last few moves. could be met by 37 . . 37 Bd 1 Intending to penetrate via a4.Rfb8 34 . he gets into trouble after 43 . . . 32 .Nd8 44 Rc7 a X b5 45 c X b 5 Ra2 46 Bd 1 ( 46 Bd3 Nb6 1 even costs him a piece) Rb2. aiming to double rooks with mating threats. On the surface the potentially bad bishop should be Diagram 2 .

Black is by no means obliged to sacrifice and after 42 .NdS 44 RbS Nf7 45 Ne6 + Kh7 46 c5 Nd7 4 7 ReS and Black has no good moves left. NdS 46 c6 Rc7 47 RbS.the victim (40 Ba4). . and Black cannot do better than 46 . . . e.aS 44 Ne6 + Kh7 45 c5 Nd7 46 Rb5. while 4 1 . . N X g5 42 R X d6 would be even worse. Rb7 after the subsequent Nb3). which is very similar to (a). Nd7 43 Rc6 NbS 44 ReS Rb7 he remains quite safe (if here 43 Rb 1 Black would pin by . after 40 Na4 B X a4 4 1 B X a4 it might turn out quite a respectable piece with such squares as c6 and b7 available. . .: 40 Ba4 B X a4 (40 . The following are some sample variations: (a) 43 . he may find that he has only his king left to stop an avalanche of enemy pawns. Nd6 50 RdS) 50 RXcS R X a2 + 5 1 Kf3 Rc2 52 d6 and wins. . . . .aS 46 a4. whichever piece is exchanged at a4. . . . followed by the win of the a-pawn and three very good pawns for the knight (if 46 . which might easily be overlooked. . or if 4 1 . . with Nb5 if required. . this black knight has 79 much more scope. . Black's K-side attack is not yet over and he has a very dangerous sacrifice of a knight for two pawns in the air. . However. Therefore White must look for some improvement on 42 Nc l and he finds it in his own piece sacrifice 42 Na Xc5 1 d X c5 43 N X c5. finally the sacrifice 40 . or 45 .g. (b) 43 . . in spite of appearances. There is a further consideration. .Ng5 44 N X a6 Ng X e4 45 f X e4 N X e4 46 c5 Kf7 (46 . would be very dangerous. . . . . Nh7 42 Rb7 Ng5 43 Nb6 RdS 44 Ra7 Kf6 45 Nf2 ! stopping any sacrifice and with 46 R X a6 to follow) If now 42 Ncl Nh7 4 3 Nb3 Nhg5 44 Na5 N X f3 45 K X f3 Ng5 + 46 Ke2 N X e4 47 Nb7 and the win of the cl-pawn will be decisive after. . (d) 43 . . Nf6 47 c6 and then d6) 47 c6 Nd6 4S c7 NcS 49 RbS R X a6 (49 . . or if 46 . . . but on the other hand. B X g4 4 1 fX g4 N X g4 42 Nd l RhS 43 Bd7 Rh2 + 44 Kg 1 would be quite unsound) 41 N X a4 Ra7 (necessary in all these variations. Ra7 47 Rb7 RaS 4S d6 Kf6 49 d7 Ke7 . say. . . . Ng3 + 4S Kf3 g5 49 N X d6 In the actual game. . as you will see. . Rc7) 46 c6. Reducing these ideas to concrete variations indicates that both moves give very good winning chances but that for practical purposes 40 Ba4 is much simpler and less risky. . Nd7 42 Rb7 with Nb6 and Ra7 to follow. . (e) 43 . Ra7 4 1 g 5 ! Nh7 42 B X d7 R X d7 43 R X a6 Nh X g5 44 a4. which is justified by the greater activity of the white pieces supporting the passed pawns. . Nd2 47 c6 wins at once. 47 .Nd7 44 N X d7 (44 R X a6 is also good) R X d7 45 c5 (not 45 R X a6 Rc7 46 Ra4 Nd6) Rc7 (or 45 . NeS 44 Ne6 + Kh6 45 c5 Nc7 46 NfS with a mate threat and d6-d7 following. . if 4 1 . (c) 43 . If White's pieces get too involved on his left flank. but here the sacrifice is clearly unsound. . .

(2) 43 Bc2 (hoping for Nb3-a5 etc. Nhg5) Nf6 1 and White can either repeat by 44 Ba4 or play 44 Nb3 Nd7 45 Rc6 Nb8 46 ReS Rb7 when. . Even in the best of these variations Black's drawing chances are slim. but Black is not obliged to take the rook) and now if 49 . so Black must sacrifice: 44 . . however. on the other hand. in the extent to which they acknowledge the strength behind Black's attack. Instead he now forces the pace on the Q-side and should not really have succeeded. then. . so to speak. . . The variations thereafter are very difficult to calculate and he evidently did not appreciate just how dangerous the situation would be. 40 Na4 B Xa4 4 1 B X a4 Ra7 Again necessary. . the white rook and bishop being unable to achieve anything in combination. 44 Rb7 R Xb7 45 B Xb7 aS (Diagram 3) 46 a4? This is the parting of the ways. 42 Nc l Nh7 ! Preparing the counterplay.49 . Re7?1 not 50 Ra8 e4 5 1 a5 f3 + 52 Kf l e3 and Black wins. He may: ( l ) Ignore Black and go right ahead by exchanging rooks and seizing the a-pawn (the actual 80 choice). Black. With . White now proceeds full-pace with his Q-side attack and allows the knight sacrifice . . in the expectation that his own ought to be superior. Therefore Black must exchange rooks . . Nh7 42 Rb7 Ng5 43 Bc6 would oblige him to abandon the a-pawn at once.3 above would now continue by 44 Nb3 (44 Bb7 a5 would transpose) after which he will eventually win material. if Black continues with 43 . if left undisturbed. . (3) Keep rooks on the board. e3 52 Kf3 e2 53 Kf2 f3 54 Nd2 Nd l + 55 Ke l and wins) 52 Kg3 N d l 53 Nd2 f2 54 Nf l e3 55 Kf3 and wins . and thereby justify White's fortieth move as well as his decision to allow the black attack. R X a5 50 N X a5 e4 5 1 Nb3 1 (in the game position this knight is now marooned at c6) f3 + (or 5 1 . but keep the knight to defend the K-side against Black's sacrifice. is forced to try the sacrifice or lose gradually on the Q-side.50 c7 K X d7 5 1 Rb8). 44 Nb3 would appear to win. To do this he must commit both minor pieces to the Q-side (2) Exchange rooks. and if 48 Bb7 Nc3) Nc3 49 R X a5 (49 N X a5 N X b5 50 c X b5 R X a5 5 1 b6 would be good. At this point White may prevent the counterplay in two ways: ( l ) 43 Nd3 Nhg5 44 Nf2 with a likely draw since attack and defence balance each other on both wings..a5 45 a4 N X f3 46 K X f3 Ng5 + 47 Kg2 N X e4 48 Rb5 (48 Rb7 + is the same as the game. 43 Bc6 Nhg5 Having permitted this move. White now has to make a choice between three continuations which vary. but 50 N X c5 1 d X c5 (other­ wise Ne6 +) 5 1 d6 and White must win. the displacement of his rook has cost him all his advantage. both for attack and defence No. after 4 1 .

After 5 2 . if 52 a5 e3 53 a6 f3 + 54 Kg3 f2 55 a7 f l !Q and Black mates in three more moves.e3 + . Nc3 + 50 Kd3 N X a2 5 1 Ne4 favours White. 46 .£3 and . N X c4 is clearly too slow against 53 a5.the move played White wins the a-pawn. .N X£3 ! 47 K X£3 Ng5 + 48 Kg2 If 48 Ke2 N X e4 49 Nd3 Kf6 50 Nf2 N X f2 5 1 K X f2 e41 (Black is a tempo ahead this time) and White is in trouble.g. The fact that both white pieces are now marooned beyond the pawn chain and their attempts to get back are the chief features of interest in the rest of the game. and the more obvious 52 . however. . If then 49 . so 49 Nf2. Kg5. .e3 + 5 3 Ke2 we can assume that he saw the correct knight manoeuvre. e. . by 54 Kf3. which should have lost. f3 and . Nd3( + ) must win . . . . abandoning the third pawn. . . would be too passive. so the choice falls between 52 . so the best is 49 . . e4? 5 1 g5 ! followed by Bc6-a4-c2. to dislodge the king. Nd2 later) N X e4 and now 49 a3 (or 49 Nc l ) Kf6-g5 etc. . . winning both pawns) 5 1 Kf3 with a likely draw as White dare not leave the passed pawns in order to penetrate via a4. viz. . 52 . .Nb3 !. because it prevents the return of the white knight. . . Nd3 + . saving 81 . . if he does. If here 49 Nb3 Kf6 Diagram 3 5 0 N X a5 Kg5 5 1 Bc8 (or 5 1 Kf3 Nc3 and .e4 to follow) Kh4 with the winning threat of . Kg3. 48 . 5 1 Nc6 e4 52 K£2 Forced. Analysis indicates that this was a wrong decision. .N X f3 47 K X f3 Ng5 + 48 Ke2 (48 Kg2 permits the dangerous .the pawns are much too fast) e2 56 Kf2 f3 and wins with . . . 53 . Kd 1 or Kf l . . but allows a terrific attack. .K£6 49 Nb3 N Xe4 50 N Xa5 Nd2 The best square. . . If then 54 a5 N c l + 55 Kf3 (or 55 Ke 1 . . when Black does not have to sacrifice since his Q-side is now safe. . . .Kf4. However. . The position is now critical and Black goes wrong in the complications. N X f2 50 K X f2 Kf6 (not 50 . the alternative being 46 Nd3. . . . facing the threat of . 48 Kg2 may have been designed to prevent this king march. . . but it is interesting to speculate on what he missed. . but of course his king is not well placed here to hold off the e-pawn. 52 Kf3 Ng5 + 53 Kf2 e4 54 Nb3 (or 54 Nb7 e3 + 55 Ke2 Kg3 56 N X d6 f3 + and wins) e3 + 55 Ke2 Kg3 56 a5 Ne4 1 57 a6 f3 + 58 K X e3 f2 59 a7 f 1 /Q 60 a8/Q Qf3 mate. planning . White has a better defensive try. we have 46 .Ke5-d4. . . .

. . . . . Nb3 1 draws. . threatening simply to take with the king. e3 + is correct.N X c4 54 a6 Nb6 (54 . . is good enough to win. . leaving a draw) N c l + 6 1 Kf3 e2 62 Kf2 f3 63 N X c5 Ke5 1 64 d6 leads to a forced draw by 64 . The move chosen loses because Black's threat of king penetration . This fine point may well be what Geller over­ looked. .Nd4 + looks good. . K X g4 56 Ne5 + d X e5 57 d6 wins. 56 . . but after 55 N X d4 c X d4 56 c5! allows the bishop to take part again via a6) 55 g5 + 1 K X g5 56 Ne5 and the knight cannot be taken in view of (56 .g. (c) 55 . . (i) 60 . . 53 .£3 56 Ne5 1 d X e5 57 d6 Kf6 (57 . e3 + 55 Kf3 Nb6 56 a7 c4 57 a8/Q N X a8 58 B X a8 followed by Nd4 wins for White. .e3 + and 53 . e3 + 54 Ke2 Nb3 and now White must bring his knight back: 55 Ne5 1 (if 55 a6. K X d6 65 B X f3 etc. Nd2 + 56 Ke2 Nc4 57 a7 Nb6 58 a8/Q N X a8 59 B X a8 K X g4 60 Ne5 + ! Kg3 6 1 Nf3 and wins. . Nc l + wins. Black must then permit either d7 or a5 with fatal consequences.if 59 . e3 + 6 1 Kg2 e2 (or 6 1 .£3 61 Bc2 Kf4 62 Ne6 + Kf5 63 Ke3 g4 64 B X e4 + Ke5 65 Nd4 f2 66 Nc6 + . Now Black again faces a bewildering maze of variations. . N X c4 60 Ne6. However. just as on the previous move. . . d X e 5 56 d6 N X a5 57 Bd5 Kf6 58 g5 + is a very neat finish. which would prove too strong for the bishop. . . 57 Ke 1 f3 . then 54 .d X e5) 57 d6 e2 58 Kf2 and the bishop now stops .Kh4 62 Kf3. . . . his choice is between 53 . . . e. . . Nd4 + is no better in the long run.Kf5 57 Nc4. . 6 1 . . .or 57 . . . Ke7? 58 Nc8 + Kd8 59 Ba6) 58 Nf7 + Kf6 59 Nd8. . .f3. . . while 56 . as shown earlier) N X a5 (the knight cannot be taken.c4 56 a8/Q N X a8 57 B X a8 c3 58 Nd4 K X g4 59 Bc6 g5 60 Ba4 and wins. .e2 58 Bc8 + Kg5 59 Kf2 f3 forces a pawn through . N c l ( 5 4 . . Ke5 60 Nc6 + or if 59 . . It turns out that 53 . After 59 . ending up with four extra pawns. . . because Black has the same powerful knight manoeuvre available: 53 . . . . . . At this point 59 .f3. . (ii) 60 . . . . . First of all the pawn grab will not suffice: 53 . . . 57 Ng4 is forced and then 57 .N X c4. . Ke7 or . . . . i. . e. if 55 . with Ne2 coming) 62 Nf3 Kf5 63 Nd4 + and wins.Kf6 58 d7 Ke7 59 a6 f3 60 B X f3 58 B X f3 N X f 3 + 59 Kd 1 Nd4 60 a6 Nc6 6 1 d7) and White has nothing better than 56 Nf7 + Kf6 57 N X d6 Ke5 (not 57 .f3 transposes into the game.a tempo. and this time the wrong decision will be fatal. . . . but nothing else will do . . .g. . . . while 54 . or if 56 . Nb3 60 Ne6 (or 60 d6 Nd4 + 6 1 Ke 1 f3 and White must sacrifice his bishop.e.c4 62 Bc6 c3 63 Ba4 Kg4 64 Bc2 g5 65 Bg6 1 Zugzwang) 55 a7 and now: (a) 55 . . 52 . (b) 55 . Kf5 !.Kg5(?) 53 aS If 53 Ne5? d X e5 54 d6 Kf6 55 a5 N X c4 56 a6 Ke6. . or if here 55 . Kf4 58 B X e4) 82 58 B X e4 Ke6 59 K X f3 K X d6 60 a8/Q and wins. .

if 56 . However. 57 N Xd6 ! 57 N X b6 would lead to the same problems as before. . . or if 56 . 62 .N X c8 57 B X c8 Kf4 58 a7 e 3 + 59 Ke 1 Kg3 60 Ba6 stops the pawns easily. . . c2 64 Kd2 Kf4 65 Be2 NaB 66 K Xc2 Ke3 67 BaG Nc7 68 Bc8 Kf4 69 Kd3 1-0. However. when 60 B X f3 is straightforward enough. .Kf4. 55 a6 Nb6 56 Nc8 ! Much better than 56 a7 c4 57 Nc8 (57 a8/Q?? N X a8 58 B X a8 c3 and Black wins) c3 58 N X b6 c2 59 a8/Q c l !Q.c4 The king can't help now. 60 . . 60 K Xf3 K Xd6 6 1 a7 Ke5 62 Ke3{?) Odd that White should avoid the simple 62 a8/Q N X a8 63 B X a8.Kf4 57 N X b6 e3 + 58 Ke 1 Kg3 59 Nc4(-d2). Black is mated. abandoning his bishop because the pawns alone will beat the knight. 60 a7 is neater.Diagram 4 Diagram 5 has no real bite. 83 .c3 61 Ke2. . . (Presumably time­ trouble intervened here. . Instead he returns the piece to clear things up. 57 .c3 61 a8/Q N X a8 62 d7 c2 63 d8/Q c 1 /Q 64 Qf6 + K X g4 65 B X f3 + . . 63 . . . followed by Be4. after 60 . when the win is by no means certain in view of the black queen's serious threats. . . 56 . . . i.Kf4 58 N Xe4 K Xe4 59 d6+ (Diagram 5) Ke5 Or 59 . . . the second control being at move 56.f3? (Diagram 4) 54 Ne7 N Xc4 Clearly his only chance now. . .e.c3 63 Bf3 Now he must be careful not to lose his last pawn by 63 a8/Q? N X a8 64 B X a8 c2 65 Kd2 Kf4.) 53 . he only extends the game by a few moves this way.

No. The short extract Polugaevsky-Evans (No. while obviously inferior. The latter is a good example of the difficulties of rook endings in practical play. In No. 25 had a decisive bearing on l st and 2nd places in a recent Olympiad.S. 28 and 29 must have been particularly nerve-wracking to play. Diagram 1 1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 e6 3 Nc3 Nc6 4 Bb5 Nge7 5 0-0 a6 6 B Xc6 N Xc6 7 d4 c Xd4 8 N Xd4 Be7 9 N Xc6 b Xc6 10 e5 Qc7 1 1 Bf4 Bb7 12 Ne4 c5 13 Re 1 B Xe4 14 RXe4 Qb7 1 5 Ra4 0-0 16 b3 f6 17 Qe2 fXe5 18 B Xe5 Bf6 19 Rd 1 B Xe5 20 Q Xe5 Rf5 2 1 Qd6 Rd5 22 RXd5 Q Xd5 23 QXd5 e Xd5 24 Ra5 d6 (Diagram l ) A glance at the position indicates that White has a clear advantage on account of his active rook. l 97 1 Sicilian Defence that he is in no position to counter­ attack by getting his rook into an active role at the cost of the a-pawn. yet his two isolated pawns are sufficient disadvantage to lose the game. chiefly in the exploitation of weak pawns. 24 received a prize for the best-played endgame in the tournament. No. which is tying down the enemy rook to the defence of the weak a-pawn. but the perennial problem of whether to seek counterplay or remain on the defensive defeated him. What is worse for Black is 84 . 23 is fascinating in that material is equal and White's pawns are confined to one side of the board . Black's position. with passed pawns appearing everywhere GAME 22 White: Gurgenidze Black: Radev Tbilisi. while Nos. 26) shows a great player getting into difficulties and finding a drawing resource which would probably never have occurred to the vast majority of players The three remaining games are of a sharper character. Black should have drawn. 27 Black is more concerned with keeping his king in its aggressive position than in early material gains. does not seem to be fatally so. while No. Rooks In the first four games technique predominates.

(b) 35 Ra5 Rb 1 36 Kc3 Rc l + 37 Kb2 Rc6 38 Kb3 Ke4. Black has 3 1 . . Rb7 just the same. if 3 1 a3.) 36 RXd5 (Diagram 2) Now we see the difference Diagram 2 .Kd7 28 b4 Kc6 29 b5 + Kb6 30 R X a6 + R X a6 3 1 b X a6 K X a6 32 f4 and the widely separated passed pawns win easily. 25 .Ke6 36 Kd4 etc. Or. the cl-pawn does not give him enough counterplay. c Xb4 32 c Xb4 Rb7 33 a3 Rb6 34 f4 + ! g Xf4 35 g Xf4+ K Xf4 (or 35 . .since White has not a trace of weakness in his game. . . It seems. In this line Black must be patient at move 37.Kf7 26 c3 KeG 27 Ke2 Ke5 If he goes across to the Q-side to support his c-pawn. If 37 . . d4. . Rb 1 38 g3 + Kf3 39 R X a6 Rb2 + 40 Kb3 R X h2 4 1 R X d6 K X g3 42 b5. The technique in such cases is to use the power of the active rook to create more weaknesses in the enemy camp. . White is left a long way ahead in the race to queen. . since he cannot hope to hold up the white pawns permanently. 3 1 . . . because the text move allows 25 . 29 f3 (of course not 29 g3? g4) h6 30 g3 Ra7 3 1 b4 There is no way of making progress without allowing Black's rook to come into a slightly more active position. . and Black has his king actively supporting the passed pawn. for example 26 Ke2 Kf7 27 Kd3 Ke6 28 a3 Kd5 29 b4 Kc6 30 b X c 5 d X c5 3 1 Kc4 winning a pawn. which should enable him to draw.fa4 Re 1 1 (not 34 . 28 Kd3 g5 This only results in a further weakening of the position. Ra7 29 b4 c X b4 30 c X b4 Rb7 3 1 a3 Rb6 32 f4 + K X f4 33 R X d5 Rc6 3:. . however. Rb6 35 b5 a X b5 36 a X b5 g5 37 g3 + Kg4 38 Kc4 and the black rook is hopelessly passive) and now: (a) 35 Kd2 Rb 1 36 R X d6 (or 36 b5 a X b5 85 37 a X b5 Ke4 !) R X b4 37 R X a6 Rb2 + . . Rb 1 38 g3 + Ke4 39 R X a6 d5 40 Ra7 Rb2 + 4 1 Kb3 d4 42 Re7 + Kd3 43 b5 etc. if 37 . . 28 . drawing. and then to switch attacks from one weakness to the other until the defence cracks. White gets a winning pawn ending: 27 . The best chance was to remain passive for a few moves until the right oppor­ tunity occurred to activate his rook. . First of all the kings are centralised. 25 Kfl It has been suggested that 25 c3 would be better. that the black pawns would then be at least as weak. . viz. .. . . .

Rg2.the white king will penetrate via f4) 47 Rd3 Rd8 48 Rd4 1 d5 49 b5 a X b5 50 Kb4 with an easy win. and if Black had found the most tenacious defence. . 48 Rd3 K£4 The manoeuvre mentioned in the last note is not now available. and whether this factor should have been sufficient to hold the game the following analysis will attempt to show. . . Rb5 47 Rd3 d5 48 Rd4 and Black is completely tied up . . d5 46 b5 a X b5 47 a X b5 Rd6 48 Kb4 d4 49 Kc5 Rd8 50 Rd3 and wins. If 5 1 Kb4 Rb 1 + 52 Ka5 Ra 1 + .K£5 43 R£3 + Kg5 44 Kc4 Rc6 + 45 Kb3 Re 1 This is another important turning 86 point in the game. . .between this position and the previous analysis. . In view of this. which of course allows the black king access to his h-pawn. 46 b5 a Xb5 47 a Xb5 d5! Black is still fighting. or 46 . 42 . d5 + can be answered simply by 40 Kc5. or 40 R X d5 Kh3 4 1 Rd2 Rg6 42 b5 a X b5 43 aXb5. . Black's best chance of counterplay lies in advancing his h-pawn as far as possible and then threatening to win White's. if then 43 . If 45 . If instead 45 . . White wins with queen vs.Rc6? 47 Rc3 winning at once. . A more active defence with 36 . 40 Kd5 Rb6 4 1 h3+ K£4 42 Rb3 ! F arcing Black to move his king one square further back. 36 . .Kg4 Stopping 37 Rh5. . . as Black finally decides to abandon passive defence and activates his rook. . because the white rook is ideally suited to switch its attacks from one black pawn to another. . h-pawn on the sixth rank.Rc4 + 49 Ka5 d4 50 b6 (or 50 Rd3 Rc3 5 1 R X d4 R X h3 52 Rb4 Ra3 + and draws) Rc3 5 1 b7 R X f3 52 b8/Q R X h3 with good drawing chances . (b) 37 a4 Rc 1 38 b5 a X b5 39 a X b5 Rb 1 40 Kc4 and wins again. Certainly the task was too difficult in practice. . Rc6 would give rise to the following variations: (a) 37 Rh5 Rc l 38 R Xh6 Ra l 39 R X d6 R X a3 + 40 Kc4 and White should win. Rb6 46 a5! Rb8 (or 46 . . If 48 . before embarking on the next manoeuvre. he now proposes to answer 48 Kb4 by 48 . . . It can also defend its own h-pawn from the black king without cramping itself. White is obliged to pick up the d-pawn first. A glance at his alternatives indicates that this is by far his best hope. . the more difficult the analysis seems to become ! White's last move appears to be the only one to win. 37 Kc4 h5 38 a4 h4 39 Rd3 Rc6 + 39 . Black's only trump is his well­ placed king. The scattered nature of the black pawns is far more serious here than it would be in a knight or bishop ending. . 49 RXd5 Kg3 50 Rd3 + Kh2 5 1 Kb2! (Diagram 3) It is a curious paradox of rook endings that the more the material is reduced. . his opponent would still have had to play with extreme accuracy. . Rc5 49 Kb4 Rc4 + 5 0 Ka5 d 4 5 1 b 6 Rc3 52 R X d4 R X h3 53 b7 wins.

. . . (c) 52 Kb3 Rc l with repetition. . . 87 . . 53 Rb3 RXb6 54 RXb6 K Xh3 55 Kc3 Kg2 56 Rg6 + Kh2 (56 . as the following lines indicate: (a) 52 b6 Rb8 53 Rb3 Rb7 54 Kc2 (or 54 Ka3 R X b6 55 R X b6 K X h3 and White is a tempo behind the game continuation and can only draw after 56 Kb3 Kg2 57 Rg6 + Kh2 58 Kc3 h3 59 Kd3 Kh 1 60 Ke2 h2. . because the other defence.ReS This can hardly be called a mistake. . 5 1 .Kg2 57 Ke2 ReS + 58 Kd3 Rb8 59 Ke4 and wins by advancing to c6 or even by picking up the h-pawn. and will thus lose his h-pawn in a position where he will be too far away to stop Black drawing. with Stalemate if he approaches nearer) Kg2 55 Kd2 Kh2 56 Ke2 Kg2 57 Ke 1 Kg 1 58 Rb2 Re7 + 59 Re2 Rb7 and White can do nothing. with transposition. In that case. the position is comparable to line (a) in the note to Black's 5 1 st move. leaving b3 vacant for the rook at the precise moment when Black is neither attacking the b-pawn not threatening to start checking from behind. . . ReS. . . Kf2 57 Rh6) 57 Kd3 h3 58 Ke3 Kh 1 59 K£2 h2 60 Kg3 Kg l 61 RaG h l/N + The only move.Kg2 55 Kc2 Kh2 56 Kd2 because his king must stay in contact with the h-pawn (otherwise White's king can afford to cross the third rank) and he therefore loses the opposition ! Thus: 56 . He therefore vacates b 3 for his rook. . however. . Rc 1 53 Rb3 Ra 1 + 54 Kb4 with a similar position) 53 Kb4 Kg2 54 Rb3 Kh2 55 Kc5 ReS + 56 Kd6 Rb8 57 Kc6 ReS + 58 Kb7 and White wins easily as his king can now support the pawn right through to queen. 62 K£3 Kh2 63 Rg6 1-0. while driving the black rook out of its aggressive position. The point of 52 Ka3 1 is that White approaches his pawn. Black now loses after 54 . 52 Ka3 1 Alternatives only draw. 52 b6 RbS + If 5 2 . . Rb8 (or 52 .Diagram 3 White's king will never be able to escape the checks without using his rook. White would have to find the one winning move. ReS 5 3 b 7 Rb8 5 4 Rb3. but this is a stan­ dard position and White wins the knight almost at once. 5 1 . also loses. (b) 52 Rb3 Rb8. . Best play then would be: 52 .

(2) The rook is ready to support White's K-side pawn advance.GAME 23 White : Karpov Black: Hort W addinxveen. This is normally a difficult draw for the defender. . but he really has little choice . any pawn move will obviously weaken him.Kf7 is no improvement: 28 Ra3 Ra8 29 Ra6 1 (better than Ra5. 29 .Ra7 -a8 etc ) Ke7 30 Kf3 etc. the ending is almost equivalent to rook +4 vs. or possibly drive the king back. K£7 30 h4 h6 Already a critical decision.Rea 27 . . . First of all. when the pressure would leave Black almost para­ lysed. since it can never be put to use. In a knight ending the roles would be reversed and Black would stand better. his a-pawn could not come under constant pressure. . Black would have 29 . 2a Ra3 Re7 29 Ra5 ! Now a5 is preferred for two reasons ( l ) White threatens to advance his king to the dominating square e5. a6 with a slight space gain and some tempo moves available . . as is soon played in the game. the rook at a5 thus prevents a disturbing check at b5 or c5. as here. . rook + 3 pawns on the same side of the board. but only if his position has no weaknesses Here the isolation of his e-pawn naturally makes things worse for him 27 . which will create further weaknesses among the black pawns. and would be Diagram 1 . forcing the enemy piece to the edge of the board to keep it under control. counter-attack by Black is most unlikely to be effective in 88 1 c4 N£6 2 N£3 e6 3 Nc3 c5 4 g3 b6 5 Bg2 Bb7 6 0-0 d5 7 c Xd5 N Xd5 a d4 N X c3 9 b Xc3 Nd7 10 Re 1 c Xd4 1 1 c Xd4 Bb4 12 Bg5 £6 13 Bd2 B Xd2 14 Q Xd2 Rea 1 5 Qd3 Qe7 16 Rac 1 0-0 17 Ng5 £ Xg5 1a B Xb7 Nc5 19 d Xc5 Q Xb7 20 Qe3 RXc5 21 RXc5 b Xc5 22 Rc 1 Qd5 23 RXc5 Q Xa2 24 RXg5 Qb 1 + 25 Kg2 Qb6 26 ReS Q Xe3 27 RXe3 (Diagram l ) Two general points about this ending: l ) The isolation of the two black pawns and the defensive burden which this places on his rook is what counts here. should he settle at f6 . because. with his rook behind the pawn. The fact that his a-pawn is passed is of no signifi­ cance. 2) Since Black cannot utilise his a-pawn. 1 979 Queens Indian Defence a real asset. . .

. .e4 34 Kg3(-f4) and in the end he will not escape. if 32 K£3 g5 and. .h X g5. simply by advancing his king and pawns. viz. If here 33 . Secondly. The right plan in outline is to play h5 and g5 and. . (c) playing . g6 (or . . .Ke7 37 f4 Rb7 38 e4 Rc7 39 Rb5 Rd7 40 Rb8 and Rh8. . when Black's pawn centre is looking very ill . g6 + . . it is the square a7 itself which is vital in the above variations. a6 40 Rb6 Rc5 + 4 1 Kd4 Ra5 42 Rb7 + K£8 43 h6 g X h6 44 g X h6 Kg8 45 Rg7 + Kh8 46 Re7 etc ) 37 f4 Rc7 38 e4 Rb7 39 Ra6 Re7 (39 . he . we have something like: 30 . after .view of White's compact pawn structure. . (b) playing only .h6 as in the game) which allows White to break up his formation by h5. now that he cannot go via £4. . . so he must simply defend as best he can. Then Black's remaining pawns will still be isolated and White will now have a potential passed h-pawn. Rc2 37 R X a7 + K£8 38 e4 R X £2 39 K X e6 and mates ! If instead 36 . if 34 Ke4 Rc4 + etc.Rb7 3 1 K£3 Kf6 32 g4 Rc7 (32 . to recapture with the £-pawn. although Black 89 Diagram 2 appears to have weakened himself further. If he makes no pawn move. 33 Kf3 Rc7 (Diagram 2) 34 RaG Of course. . . Alternatively. . Black's decision to restrain the pawns is thus fully justified. . . . planning the further Ra6 and Kf3-e4. . his king cannot be dislodged from £6. . .h6. his choice is therefore between (a) making no pawn move on the K-side. . if 34 g5 + h X g5 35 h X g 5 + Ke7 36 Ke4 his winning chances are drastically reduced with the disappearance of the chief target in Black's position. is very striking and he appears to win almost effortlessly. . 32 Rb7 Waiting. or if here 39 . The old plan of heading straight for e5 with the king will not do. . if 32 . . . Rb5 + 40 Kd6 Rb7 4 1 Kc6 is very similar) 40 Kd6 Rb7 4 1 e5 Re7 42 g6 + h X g6 43 h X g6 + Ke8 44 Ra 1 Kd8 45 Rb l and wins. the h-pawn. It also matters little whether Black keeps his a-pawn or not. White will then find it impossible to make the required space gains. The power which White can generate here. . If Black declines to capture at g5. . e5 33 Ra6 + K£7 34 g5. Compare the note to Black's 30th move. e5 33 £5. 3 1 g4 Kf6 32 f4 Another point of . . . . followed by Ke4 and wins) 33 Kf4 Rb7 34 h5 Rc7 35 g5 + Kf7 36 Ke5 Rb7 (36 .h6 to restrain the white advance. . at least after the first few moves.

. . the defence being further stretched. but 34 Ra6 does no harm and in playing it he is thinking about another possibility . . His position is most likely lost anyway. If White delays a move. and then: (i) 37 . say 35 e3. .) (ii) 37 . the greatly increased activity of the white pieces. White could well have continued 34 h5 at once. Rb7. .g. The difference between these positions and those discussed in the first part of this note is. (This final position would be drawn. with the pawns reduced in number. e. . . when 35 f5? is bad because of 35 . Kf7 38 e4 Rc7 39 Kg4 Rb7 40 Ra6 Rc7 4 1 g X h6 g X h6 42 f5. . . Rb6 36 R X a7 e X £5 37 g X f5 K X f5 38 R X g7 Rb4.e5 should save him in the long run. He could play another waiting move. play confined to one side of the board and his own h-pawn vulnerable.will be left with a weak h-pawn after White exchanges. but there is no reason why the pawn sacrifice . White can scarcely hope to win from this position. . Rc7 36 f5? Re7 37 f X e6 R X e6 38 R X a7 Rb6 and again the winning chances are slim. White's only winning plan is to rely on the momentum of his pawn advance. . . if Black could have cleared the third rank for a rook check during moves 44-46. . .f5 . As in many such positions. Kf6 45 Kf4 1 and then either Rh7 or Ra6 + and Rg6 as before) 45 Kf5 Rb6 46 e5 Kf8 47 e6 Rb 1 48 Kg6 will save Black. . Rb7 the right way is 35 h5 Rc7 36 Ra5 Rb7 37 g5 +. Black may retreat his king or continue to tempt his opponent into f5. Rb 1 43 R X a7 + Kf8 44 Rf7 + Kg8 45 Re7 wins) 43 h6 g X h6 + 44 K X h6 Kg8 45 Rc5 Rb8 46 Rc7 a5 47 Rg7 + K£8 48 Rh7 Kg8 49 g7 and wins. This move works in some variations but in others it allows premature exchanges and an easy draw for Black. Trying to capture the a-pawn is in any case the wrong approach. .e X f5 + 43 K X f5 Kg7 44 Rg6 + Kh7 45 e5. . the play on the extreme wing (h5 + g5) is more effective than a central attack (f5). 34 . . .g6 Black is perhaps too impressed by the threat of f5. nor 42 . .h X g5 38 f X g 5 + Kf7 39 Kf4 Rc7 40 e4 Rb7 4 1 g6 + Ke7 (4 1 . . now neither 42 . 35 Ra5 Rd7 36 e3 Rb7 37 h5 . Re7 43 f X e6 + R X e6 44 R X a7 + Kg8 (44 . After 34 . 34 . .Kf6 42 e5 + is no better) 42 Kg5 Kf8 90 Djagram 3 (42 . of course. but another K -side weakness cannot help him. . . . 35 . .

38 . to keep White's king cut off. 42 . . 37 . e. . . . e. .Kg7 43 g5 (Diagram 4) Black has three options now: ( l ) To exchange pawns and hope to hold the two passed pawns with his king. while a. if possible. . since the resource 39 . . pawn exchange a. because after 40 . However.e.g. 42 e4 K£7 (or 42 . . White should avoid. .7 his h-pa. Rc3 4 1 R X a. . K£6 45 Rc5 K£7 46 Rc7 + K£8 is worse) 45 Ra 1 . . .g. . . hence the Diagram 4 text move. and now the best plan is to make two connected passed pawns. . and the threat of 46 Rh 1 Kg7 4 7 Ke5 soon forces Black to make the pawn exchange : 45 . g X h5 38 RXh5 his game soon falls apart. 38 . Rb6 1 is still available. In view of this Black exchanges. . i. Kg6 39 Ke4 Rb6 (or 39 . but with the move Black must relinquish the threat.(Diagram 3) 37 g5 + 7 would be much weaker. the same position arises anyway. If Black does nothing. when there is no guarantee of a win. If 38 . Rc7 39 £5 Re7 40 e4 K£7 ( 40 . when the white pawn roller becomes dangerous again. Everything must be prepared before he can safely win material. Black must be left with isolated pawns as far apart as possible. K£7 39 £5 Re7 40 e4 amounts to the same thing. winning easily) 43 £5 Rb6 44 K£4! (not 44 Rc5 Rb5 ! 45 R X b5 a X b5 46 Kd4 e X £5 47 e X £5 K£6 48 Kc5 h5 and draws) Rc6 ( 44 . (2) To sit tight and oblige White to find a break-through 91 .g5 After 37 . e X £5 46 g X £5 Rb6 47 Rc 1 a5 48 Rc7 + K£8 49 Ra7 Rb5 50 £6.-pawn. . 38 Ra6 Not yet threatening 39 £5.Ke5 41 Ke3 K£6 transposes) 4 1 Ke3 K£6 42 Kd4 Rd7 + 4 3 Kc5 Re7 4 4 Kd6 e X £5 45 Kd5 + and 46 g X £5. . Likewise 42 g5 h X g5 43 f X g5 Rb3 + would be premature. . . Rc7 39 £5 Re7 40 fXe6 R X e6 4 1 R X a7 Rb6 42 Rh7 Ke5 43 Rg7 Rb 1 . lines such as 38 . .wn can scarcely be saved.Rb4 + 40 Ke5 Rb5 + 4 1 K X e6 R X h5 42 g X h5 + and wins with the £-pawn) 40 Ra5 a6 4 1 Ke5 Rc6.g X£4 39 e X £4 Rb3 + 40 Kg2 Rb7 He cannot abandon the a. Rb6 43 Rc5 ! K£7 44 Rc7 + Kg6 45 £5 + . . . .t £5 in any of the variations leaves White with two united passed pawns and Black with a terribly weak h-pawn. . 41 Kg3 Kf7 42 Ra4 Because 42 Kh4 Rb4 43 R X a7 + Kg8 44 Kg3 Rb3 + would be very awkward . . . 38 . . and Black is quite lost. .

Re4 + 59 Kd3 Rg4 60 Rg6) 59 R X h6 Rg8 60 Rg6 and wins. . . .Kh6 46 Ra6 + Rb6 47 R X b6 + a X b6 48 e6 Kg7 49 h6 + and wins) 46 Kf5 Kh6 (46 . only three moves from the end I 54 . . if 58 Rf l R X h5 59 Rg 1 Rg5 is a simple draw. Re6 is met by 58 g7. After the text move 57 . a5 49 Ra8 Rd5 50 Ra7 + Kf8 5 1 Ra6 Ke7 52 Ra8 Kf6 53 Ra7 e5 54 Rf7 + ) 49 ReS. .Kf7 47 h6 and he must allow the decisive Kf6) 47 Kf6 Rb7 48 Rg4 ! and wins. . . But not 57 Rf7 +? Ke6 58 Re7 + K X e7 59 K X e5 Kf8 and the ending is drawn 60 Kf6 Kg8 6 1 g7 Kh7 etc. . . further checks now would simply drive the king to f6. the winning scheme is g6 + combined with Rb8 and ReS. e5 is answered by 44 f X e5 h X g5 45 Kg4 Re7 (or 45 . . and if 49 . Black decides to wait: 43 . . Kg8 48 g6 forces him to give way and permit Ke5) 48 Ke5 Kf7 (48 . 43 .Re7 49 Ra6) 49 g6 + and wins. since the black rook will now have to guard this pawn as well as covering the second rank. . . 48 g6+ Kg7 49 Rb7+ Kf8 50 Rb6 Rg l + 5 1 Kf3 Rf l + 52 Ke4 Re l + 53 Kd4 Attacking the h-pawn is useless for Black. . since the loss of his e-pawn allows White the two deadly passed pawns again. . .Kf6 55 Ra7 e5 + ! Quite a neat trap in the desperate circumstances. Rd7 47 g6 + Kg7 48 Rb8 Rc7 (or 48 . 53 . 4 7 . . . (3) To break up the white pawns by an immediate . . . However. 47 Rb8 Rc l He may as well try counter-attack now. .Ke7 54 RXa6 Winning material for the first time. Also.g. . . White can still go wrong. or if 57 . If he exchanges. though the checks do not trouble White much. . Kf5 58 g7 ReS (or 58 .Diagram 5 somehow. . . . 56 f Xe5 + RXe5 57 RaG + ! 1-0. . 43 . Nor can White improve things after the first check. e5.Rc7 44 Ra5 Kg8 45 Rb5 Kf7 46 Kg4 (Diagram 5) a6 Reluctantly. . for example: 46 . 92 . the plan is to attack the e-pawn. e. . h X g5 44 f X g5 Kh7 45 Kf4 Kg7 46 Ra5 Rf7 + 47 Ke4 Rb7 (Black keeps getting short of moves. . if he continues to make non-committal moves. Kf6 50 Rh8 a5 5 1 Ra8 ! (5 1 R X h6 a4 52 Rh8 Ra7 is less good) Rc5 52 Ra7 and wins.

that will require some preparation. he controls a central file and he has a passed pawn. . he can attack the a-. . Andersson therefore exchanged it off within a few moves and now plans Re7 plus Rg3. and if Black remains reasonably active he has nothing to fear at this stage. . However. then 33 .Rg8 33 Qe5. . Black needs his queen for the time being. . Qc7). which leads to something like the ending reached in the game) 33 Re X g7. 3 1 Rc4 and 3 1 Ra4 may both be met com­ fortably by 3 1 . . to make his threats against the £-pawn effective .b X c5 was perfectly sound. . while 3 1 Re7 Rd3 ! 32 Q X d3 Q X e7 also leaves Black quite happy (if 33 Qc4 or 33 Qa6. with queens and 93 . Diagram 1 1 c4 N£6 2 N£3 e6 3 d4 d5 4 Bg5 Be7 5 e3 0-0 6 Nc3 h6 7 Bh4 Ne4 8 B Xe7 QXe7 9 Re i c6 10 Bd3 N Xc3 1 1 RXc3 d Xc4 12 RXc4 Nd7 13 0-0 e5 14 d Xe5 N Xe5 15 Re4 NX£3 + 16 Q X£3 BeG 17 Bc4 Rad8 18 B Xe6 £ Xe6 19 Qe2 Rd5 20 b4 Qd6 21 Qc4 Kh8 22 h3 e5 23 £4 e X£4 24 e X£4 Rd2 25 R£2 Rd 1 + 26 Kh2 Q£6 27 Qc5 b6 28 Qe3 Qd6 29 R£3 (Diagram 1 ) The isolated e-pawn which appeared at move 1 8 was no real burden to Black. 3 1 Q Xc5 b X c5 32 Re7 White's advantage hes in the simple fact that his rooks are already in action. .bX c5. Nor can he easily break the pin on the h2-b8 diagonal.c5 30 b X c5 Q X c5(?) 30 .Rd4 !. . with the further threat of 34 R7g6. . . .and g-pawns before Black can attack his. This pawn is quite a nuisance to White. yet without that the £-pawn will remain exposed. .GAME 24 White: Andersson Hastings. Here 3 1 . Since Black dare not permit the loss of the g-pawn (see next note). 1 98 1 -2 Black: Rivas Queen's Gambit Dechned rooks present he will be reluctant to weaken his second rank by playing g3. Rd4 is rather less clear. the exchange of queens is a mistake which leaves White with a strong endgame initiative. it could not conveniently be brought under fire and was actually depriving the wbite pieces of certain useful squares in the centre . After 30 . . c. White could try 32 Rg3 Rd X£4 (32 . 29 . Black's pieces are aggressively placed. all of which far outweighs the fact that he has two isolated pawns against White's one. However.

36 . R£2 3 5 Rh7 + KgS 36 Reg7 + KfS 37 Ra7 KgS 3S Rhc7. although Black must not allow a doubling of rooks on the seventh rank.RbS 40 R X c4 Rb2 + 4 1 Kg3 Ra2. .Rf4 35 Rf7 (Diagram 2) a5 ! The right move to hold the position. already winning at least a pawn. In fact. 34 . If (35 . . . the £-pawn has some aggressive potential of its own.Rd4 He must hit the £-pawn again. White can make no progress in any of the following lines : (a) 3S RgX g7 R X g7 39 R X g7 R£2. .Ra5 3S Rc3) 37 Rc7 (37 Rc3 ReS !) Ra5 3S R£3 RfS 39 g4. . . . . 33 Rg3 Rg8 34 £5 Of course.42 £6 g X £6 94 . It is not especially important that Black has one more isolated pawn than White.one of his rooks is bound to be driven into a passive position. Nor can Black abandon the g-pawn: 32 .Ra4 40 Rc3). If 32 .c4 (otherwise White wins a pawn by 37 Rc7 and if 37 . Diagram 2 Furthermore. or 35 Rc3 ReS) 35 . However. If 32 . In many of these variations the best White can hope for is rook & two pawns against rook & one pawn on the same side of the board . in the absence of White's aggressive possibilities the passed c-pawn would be a force to be reckoned with. he can cheerfully permit f6 to be played. . Initiative is the vital thing. the chief point of interest being that. He can look for counterplay by either 39 . a6 33 Rg3 R X £4 34 RgX g7 and the doubled rooks on the seventh are bound to lead to a win.a6 33 Rg3 RgS 34 Rg6 does the same. 35 . Ra4 perhaps looks more natural. Ra4 simply 36 a3 leads to problems for Black on account of his passive rook at gS: . . .useless for winning purposes. . its advance to f6 is what finally clinches the game. . 32 . (c) 3S RfX g7 R X g7 39 f X g7 + KgS. h5 40 R X c4 h X g4 4 1 h X g4. and Black will lose a pawn (39 . . In this last line 42 £6 1 is now quite powerful and much better than the passive move 42 Rcc3: . (b) 3S Rg X g7 R X g7 39 fX g7 + KgS. Ra4 36 a3 c4 37 Rc3 RgaS would be useless. . after 35 . . (d) 3S f X g7 + Kh7 39 Rg4 c3 (e) 3S Rc7 Rf2 39 f X g7 + Kh7. . . . . . Ra4) 36 Rg6 R X a2 37 f6 c4. . . 34 R X a7? R X £4 35 Rc7 (or 35 Ra5 ReS. . One line would be 34 . here it is just another weakness. but there is no clear compensation. . . White must keep this pawn to have any winning chances.a5 33 Rg3 RgS 34 Ra7 wins a pawn at once. (f) 3S Kg3 g X £6 ! etc. . . . . or 39 .

. . White has now g4 available. . . leaving Black tied up. though. is an obvious improvement. ReS 38 Raa7 (38 Kg3 c3 1) c3 39 R X g7 (39 Rac7 Rc4) c2 40 Rh7 + Kg8 4 1 Rag7+ Kf8 42 Rh8 + K X g7 43 R X c8 R X f5 44 R X c2 Rf41(-a4) and White's winning chances are remote . forcing the rook to abandon its attack on the £-pawn. . also £6 can now be played. Best seems to be 38 Kg3 Rd4 39 Rcc7 Rg8 40 K£3 1. Black has the advantage of the more advanced pawns and his own rook is also well-placed.Ra8. 40 . Ra6 45 Rf7) 45 Rd6 with excellent winning chances . his own threats to the Q-side pawns become more than Black can cope with by purely defensive moves.Ra4 was best avoided. it is White who has to be careful. . e. . . as we have seen. One possible continuation is : 4 1 Rc6 Rc2 42 Ra6 (or 42 Kg3 c4 43 Kf3 c3 44 g4 Re 1 45 Ke2 c2 46 Kd2 Rh 1 ) Ra2 43 Kg3 c4 44 Kf3 c3 45 Rc6 c2. but 37 f6 is still inadequate. Nor does 39 Rfc7 R£8 1 40 Rc5 a4 solve anything. 38 Kg3. . with the king removed from the g-file.Rd2 4 1 a4 Rc2 42 £6 c3 43 R X g7 R X g7 44 R X g7 Rc 1 45 Ke2 ! c2 (45 . But as soon as White activates his second rook he deprives himself of the a3 defence and.his rook will be passive at c2 and he has two rook pawns.R X a2 38 RfX g7 R X g7 39 f X g7 + Kg8 40 R X h6 K X g7. For example. because some obvious attempts by White to win material can be foiled. . Then. because 36 a3 was an adequate reply and because one white rook remains tied up. while the black one is at f4. the direct follow-up 39 Ra7 abandons the c-file for a move (unlike the game continuation). . but then 38 . so there is no reason why he should lose. Therefore 36 . . He avoids 37 Ra6 on account of 37 . The a-pawn is momentarily safe. and in some positions two united passed pawns would win against two disconnected ones. Rd4 39 Rac7 Rg8 40 Ra7 c3 is still no good. . with the loss of his a-pawn.g.Ra4 ! is necessary.43 R X f6 R2 X a3 + 44 Kh4 Kg7 (44 .Rf2 A better chance appears to be 37 . . drawing easily. 35 . double against the c-pawn or double on the seventh rank. . . 37 . all within one move. . both to cover the £-pawn and in some circumstances even to start an attack with h4. . a direct attack is White's only hope i-­ of achieving anything. . and although 38 Rcc7 forces the rook back by 38 . at the same time. 37 .Rg8. This is about the best that White can do. . in spite of White's aggressive rook position. g5 and g6. c31 40 R X a5 Rc8. 36 Rg6 c4? The defence is extremely difficult. 37 Rc6 ! Andersson has managed to keep his rooks very flexible and has retained several options .Rg1 46 Rg3 c2 47 £7) . . or if 40 Rcc7 Ra4 etc. . In most cases at least one pair of pawns will be indirectly exchanged. as shown in the last note. He can 95 attack both Q-side pawns from behind. . . in fact with very few decent moves. Here. Thus : 39 . if anything.

Rc2 39 Ra7. Black is now getting rather desperate. c3 43 Rc7! Not 43 Rac5? Ra8 44 a5 (or 44 Rc8 + R X c8 45 R X c8 + Kh7 and the Q-side pawns will be eliminated) c2 45 R X c2 (45 a6 Ra3) R X a5 46 Rc8 + Kh7 4 7 Rf8 Rdd5 48 g4 Rac5 96 Diagram 3 49 Re2 Re5 etc. . but it is by constantly switching the direction of his threats that White can break his opponent's resistance.44 . or if he tries too hard in this last variation. 46 Rbc5 Threatening simply 47 R X c3 R X c3 48 R X c3 R X f5 . . . . only draws). . . . and White cannot double on the eighth.Rb8 4 1 RXa5 Rd3 + 42 Kh2 Playing safe with the king. Now 46 RbB + Kh7 47 RccB Kh6 is no use. the game could finish abruptly . . . . . Rg 1 47 Rc8 + Kh7 48 f7) 47 Kd2 Rf l (47 . 44 . or (b) 4 1 . . If 40 . If Black checks at move 40. Now 44 Rac7 Rg8 45 a5 is threatened. Rd3 + 4 1 Ke2 Rg3 42 Kf2 Rc3 43 a4 Rc2 + etc. But White avoids this by returning to the attack.Re5 46 Ra8 + Kh7 47 Rcc8) 46 Kh4 Rdd3 47 Kh5 R X h3 + (47 . . with one rook tied to the c-pawn and the other covering his back rank against mating attacks. . 42 . since the rooks do not need his assistance to force a decision. Black loses at least a pawn every time.RfB 44 Rb5 Not 44 Rac7? R X f5 45 R X g7 Rc5 46 Rgb7 Rc8. . .Rd5 4 1 Kf4 and then : (a) 4 1 .. . leaving only a draw with the other pawns confined to one side. . Black's only hope in the remainder is to exchange his c-pawn for the a-pawn. . . . . Kh7 48 R X h6 +) 48 Kg6 Rd8 49 R X g7 and wins quickly. . a transposition is the most likely outcome . .40 . .Rf8 42 g4 Rd4 + 43 Ke5 Rd3 4 4 R X a5 R X h3 45 R X c4. 39 Kg3 Rd4 40 Ra7 (Diagram 3) This now wins a pawn by force.h5 45 aS R£6 The rook cannot cope with everything: 45 . but naturally results in a new weakness. . . 43 . .Rd4 + 45 Kg3 Re3 + (or 45 . when even the double seventh will not suffice to win and White will have to take perpetual check (47 Rc7 R X c7 48 R X c7 Rd4 etc. .Rg 1 48 Rg7 + and 49 K X c2) 48 f7 + and wins. His next move is designed to cut out the danger to his king. Ra8 46 f6 1 amounts to the same thing. 40 .46 Rc7 Kg8 (46 . . 38 a4 R£4 If 38 .Rd4 + 42 Ke5 Rd2 43 g4 Re8 + 44 Kf4.

1 980 Queen's Gambit Declined 1 d4 d5 2 e4 e6 3 Ne3 Be7 4 Nf3 N£6 5 Bg5 0-0 6 e3 Nbd7 7 Re 1 a6 8 e5 Ne4 Diagram 1 9 N Xe4 d Xe4 10 B Xe7 Q Xe7 1 1 Nd2 Nf6 12 Ne4 Bd7 13 Ne5 Qe8 14 Be4 BeG 15 Qe2 Bd5 16 0-0 B Xe4 17 N Xe4 Qe6 18 Ne5 Qd5 19 b3 Rad8 20 Qe2 e6 2 1 Ne4 Ne8 22 Qe2 Qf5 23 Red 1 h6 24 a4 Qh7 25 b4 f5 26 Qb3 Ne7 27 f3 f4 28 eXf4 RX£4 29 Nd6 e Xf3 30 RX£3 Nd5 3 1 RX£4 N X£4 32 Rf l Qd3 33 Q Xd3 N Xd3 (Diagram 1 ) In playing through this ending. which is one move shorter than the game. . 52 Rb8 + Rd8 53 R X d8 + R X d8 54 R X c 1 etc. Rdd8 52 Rbc5.g X £6 is at least as bad 48 R X h5 + Kg8 49 Rb5 Ra8 50 a6 c2 5 1 a7 1 c l /Q (or 5 1 . .RaG 50 Rg5 (Diagram 4) K£8 If 50 . . . and thus forcing the reply. . g7 is the target. 49 . GAME 25 White: Karpov Black: Jakobsen Malta Olympiad. . . as above. . 46 .Kg8 53 Reg7+ K£8 54 Rb7 Kg8 55 Rhe7 Rf5 56 Rb3 R£2 1-0. . . . 49 Rhe5 ! Accurate again. g6 5 1 Rb5.49 Ra3. the reader should bear in mind the tense circumstances in which it took place. This was the last crucial game to finish. but 49 Rg5 R£7 is less clear. 52 . winning the pawn) . 5 1 Rg Xg7 R Xa5 52 Rh7 Or 52 Rb£7 + Ke8 53 Rb7 K£8 Diagram 4 54 Rgc7 Ra8 55 Rb3. the Hungarians having reached 39 points and the 97 . .RaG 47 £6! RX£6 47 . . White now uses mating threats to win the c-pawn directly. Rh6 49 R X h6 + g X h6 50 a6. 48 RXh5 + Kg8 Or 48 . .

he must be more subtle than that. Black may have thought the .Rd5 + 43 K X e6 R X d4. . though less obviously than his opposite number. then the exchange of knights saves Black because the white cl-pawn is exposed: 37 . Nd5 + 4 1 Ke5 Nf6 42 Rg3 Nh5 43 Rg6 and wins) 4 1 N X e8 K X e8 42 Ke5 Ke7. . or even 42 . However. In the long run White may claim some advantage on account of the weak e-pawn. 34 . in defending the b-pawn. . . . Nd5 on account of 39 R X e6 N X b4 40 ReS + Kh7 4 1 Rb8 Nc2 42 R X b7 RXb7 43 N X b7 N X d4 44 Ke3. and the white king penetrates easily to d6 and beyond. but with some limitations. 38 Re3 If 38 Kf3 (or 38 Rf3 Nd5) Nf5 equalises at once. 39 RXe6 (Diagram 2) N Xd4(?) The most straightforward way to draw is 39 . he cannot stray very far. . . the variations 38 g4 Ng6 (intend­ ing 39 . 37 . Perhaps short of time. . . R X d4. of course 34 . . followed by 43 . a X b5 35 a X b5 c X b5 36 N X b5 (36 Rb l ? b4) e5! and the game fizzles out (37 Rd l ? N X c5). hoping to make the white rook as passive as his own. . . . the black knight is working hard against the white pawns. At the same time. White has good winning chances with both 37 Rb6 Ra8 38 Nc4(-e5) and 37 Ra7 Nb3 (37 . . so White is obliged either to hit the e-pawn at once or to try 38 g4.N£4 36 K£2 Nd5 The only suitable square for the knight. . 38 . 35 Rb l Now necessary and also threaten­ ing 36 g3. 34 aS Not 34 N X b7. . without allowing the knight fork at c3. . Another perfectly good defensive scheme is to play his king to e7.Russians 38 plus this game.N£5 Not 38 . Ne7 Correctly aiming for an exchange of knights .Rf8 38 h3 does not help) 38 R X a6 N X c5 39 R X c6 etc. The immediate push 34 b5 is best dealt with by 34 . . 37 Rb3 Increasing the scope of his rook 98 a little and planning Kf3-e4-e5. . as long as his cl-pawn remains vulnerable. If White hopes to win.Rd7 If 34 . Rd5 +. Karpov therefore needed to win at all costs . . . and Black is out of danger. to keep out the white one. . which at least maintains complications. and Black gets the advantage at once. . . . . the attack on the e-pawn being the only way to make any progress . N X b4 35 Rb 1 Nc2 36 R X b7 N X d4. Kf8 38 Kf3 (38 Rf3 + Kg8 and the rook must return to b3) Ke7 39 h3 Nf6 40 Kf4 Ne8 (not 40 . . The white knight is obviously effective on his classic outpost square. e5) 39 Re3 Re7 40 Nc4 Rd7 ! or here 40 Ke2 e5 41 dXe5 N X e 5 42 N X b7 R X b7 43 R X e5 R X b4 are hardly convincing. trapping the knight. . . 35 . N X d6 40 R X d6 (40 c X d6 Kf7) R X d6 4 1 c X d6 Kf7. and the first step is to fix the b-pawn more securely and retain as many pawns as possible.

and again Black is turned.Nc2 42 Ke2 Kg6 43 Kd3 Na3 44 Kc3 amounts to much the same as the game. In the game White sets out with his Q-side pawn structure already fixed. . . if followed up correctly . . e. .Nc2 42 R X b7 R X b7 43 N X b7 N X b4 44 Ke3 Kg6 45 Kd4 Kf6 46 Kc4 (or 46 Nd8 Ke7) Nd5 47 Nd8 Ne? White can do nothing. White may also try to approach on the Q-side. . because after 4 1 . The advantage of . . but Black is making it a bit harder for himself. a X b5 (by a6 and a rook capture at c6. and White can never queen in less than nine moves. and a draw is unavoidable (54 Kc5 Kd7 55 Kd5 Kc7 1 etc. . 41 . . . c X b5 and 42 . Incidentally. The move chosen should still draw. viz. 44 g4 g 5 1 or 44 h4 h5. .) Kc7 50 Kc5 Kd7 5 1 Kb6 Kc8 52 b5 a X b5 53 K X b5 Kc7. a X b5 is that after a6 and .). Black is obliged to seek a knight exchange sooner or later by . a X b5 appear to draw. while any attempt to prepare for the race fails. . as in a previous note. If 4 1 . but it holds. a5 54 tempo. Nb5. . hence his dominating king position is insufficient to win. . 53 b5 a X b5 54 a X b5 and Black's flank is turned. that is). because Black always has the resource of counter-attacking on the Q-side. and now 44 Kf5 Kd5 leads to a harmless queen ending. . . . . . .b X a6 Black may 99 . . this manoeuvre could only win if White's a-pawn were back at a4 and if he had another spare tempo Diagram 2 move. in fact. . but always seems to be thwarted by his own pawn weaknesses : 42 Ke3 Ke6 43 Kd3 K X d6 44 Kc4 Kd7 45 Kc5 (45 d5 Kd6 1) Kc7 46 d5 c X d5 47 K X d5 Kd7 48 g4 g 5 1 49 h3 (49 Ke5 Kc6 etc. . or if 53 . . whichever side the white king tries to penetrate: If 42 Kf3 Ke6 43 Ke4 K X d6. . his king will then have further to travel to support it than would be necessary with the passed c-pawn which will appear after . Nb3? 42 Ke2 Nc l + 43 Kd2 Na2 44 Kc2(-b2) wins. .g. after which his pawn position is weakened because White can break it up by a6 or c6. 40 ReS + Kh7 4 1 Re4 Not now 4 1 Rb8.NbS If 4 1 . 42 N Xb5 both 42 .pawn ending dangerous. . c X b5 has the advantage that White must break with c6 and ultimately create a passed a-pawn. at move 52 White gets nowhere by Ka7 Kc7. The question is whether White has a clear win or not. . after .

43 . . similar variations to this are examined later. The centralisation of his king should still draw. . . . and Black will be turned on the Q-side. RdS. h5 50 h4 g6 5 1 g3 Kc6 52 Ke5. the pawn ending can now be won: 4S R X d6 K X d6 49 Kd4 and White wins the race after 49 . . though care is needed. after which Black can keep the a-pawn under control and soon liquidate further by . not to mention his active king. . pawns. . Rc7. e. (b) 43 . again with a draw. 42 a XbS 43 Ke3 (Diagram 3) Rd l ? This is the decisive mistake. . with Kd5 to follow. c5. Re7 + 46 Kd4 Rd7 + 47 Rd6. Kg6 44 Re6 + (or 44 c6 b X c6 45 Re6 + Kf5 46 R X c6 Rd l !. . and if 47 a6 Kd7 + 4S Kd4 b X a6 49 RaS Rf7.g. . after the inevitable pawn massacres. Some sample variations after 42 . Kc6 50 Ke5 g5 5 1 g4 Kc7 52 Kd5 Kd7 53 Kc5 Kc7 54 h3. . . as part of the game continuation. . . and White is achieving nothing) Ke6 46 Ke4 (if 46 a6 b X a6 47 R X c6 + Kd5 4S R X a6 Kc4 draws easily) Re7. but not this time 47 . . Rd l ? (very risky) 44 Rd4 Re l + 45 Kf4 Re2 46 Rd7 1 R X g2 47 R X b7 R X h2 4S c6 Rb2 49 c7 RXb4+ 50 Ke5 Rc4 51 Kd6 h5 52 Rb6 R X c7 53 K X c7 and wins comfortably by queening his a-pawn. c X b5 43 Ke3 would be as follows : (a) 43 . (ii) 47 Rb6 Ke5 ! and Black has equalised. . it will Diagram 3 l OO . Rd6?. (ii) 47 R X c6 Rd l 4S R X a6 Rb l 49 Rg6 Rb3 + 50 Kd2 R X b4 5 1 R X g7 Ra4. . . . we have something like: 44 ReS Kf7 45 ReS (or 45 RaS Ke6 46 a6 b X a6 47 R X a6 Kd5. since Black dare not exchange) 46 c6 b X c6 and now: (i) 47 R X a6 Kd5.liquidate another pair of pawns by a timely . or even 47 . 44 Rd4 Re l + If he does not cut the king off. The advanced state of White's Q �side. . . . which is similar to (ii) below) Kf5 45 Rb6 Ke5 1 (not 45 . a5.Kg6 44 a6 b X a6 45 Re6 + Kf5 46 R X c6 Ra7! and then: (i) 47 Kd4 a5 4S b X a5 (4S Rb6 a4) R X a5 49 Rb6 Ra2 50 c6 R X g2 5 1 R X b5 + Ke6 52 Rc5 (52 c7 Rc2) Rd2 + and 53 . . with a draw. . If in this line Black makes the mistake of 47 . . . . a5? on account of 4S R X b5 a4 49 c6 + Ke6 50 Rb7 RaS 5 1 c7 ReS 52 b5 and White wins. and White cannot hope to win. . with Black looking for counterplay a little too early. or if 49 . means that he is very likely to win a race between passed . If White plays more slowly here.

. 46 . Ra 1 would be no better after 49 Rb6 a5 50 b X a5 R X a5 5 1 Ke5 etc . if 45 . . Re7 White has the pleasant choice between 46 Rd6. . . . e. . 46 . .g. Rb2 47 h4 Kg6 48 g4 Kf6 and White has lost most of his advantage. and 46 Kf5. because his king is backward. Finally. . . e. . but Black could well Diagram 4 101 . . .Re2. with White winning by the odd tempo: 47 R X b7 R X b 4 + 4 8 Ke5 Ra4 49 Kd6 R X a5 50 K X c6 Ra2 5 1 Kb6 R X g2 52 c6 R X h2 53 c7 Rc2 54 Rb8 Kg6 55 c8/Q R X c8 56 R X c8 Kf5 (the immediate advance of the pawns. e. . However. viz. . h5 58 Rh8) 58 Kd4 h5 59 Ke3 Kg4 60 Kf2. 48 RXc6 (Diagram 4) Rb l 48 . White can win after 45 . . .simply march into the Q-side. . Rc4 5 1 Kd6. . 45 K£4 Kg6(?) It is too late now to fall back on defence. Kg6 50 Rc7 !) 49 a7 R X b4 + (if now 49 . as shown below) 47 R X b7 R X h2 (if 47 . . . threatening 47 a6. then 46 Kf3 followed by h4 and g4 is slow and permits the approach of the black king. 47 . .g. . if earlier in this line Black plays 5 1 . Rb2 is the chief alternative. 44 . rather than . a better fighting chance is 45 . Rc2 54 Ka7 b2 55 Kb8) 54 Kc6 wins. e. but only by immediate attack. . . 48 R X c6 Rb 1 49 R X a6 RXb4+ 50 Ke5 Ke7 (or 50 . is also too slow) 57 Kc5 g5 (or 57 .g. Rb2 48 a6 R X b 4 + 49 Ke5 Ra4 50 a7 b4 5 1 Kd6 b3 52 Kc7 b2 53 Kb8 would be the easiest way) 48 a6 Rb2 (or 48 . .b4 52 c6 b3 53 c7 b2 (or 53 . or 49 .g. 49 . but Black hopes to have his king supporting his passed pawns in certain variations. Ra2 White could choose: 50 Rc7 Ra4 51 Kf5 Ra 1 52 R X c6 R X a7 53 Rb6. . .h5 52 K X c6 b4 53 Kb5) 52 K X c6 b3 53 Kc7 b2 54 Kb8 and wins. .h5 50 Kg5 1. . Kg6 and . Rb 1 45 Kf4 Rb2 46 Ke5 R X g2 47 Kd6 R X h2 48 a6 b X a6 49 K X c6 h5 50 Kb6 h4 5 1 c6 g5 52 Rd5 ! and wins. . . . 46 . Ra2 49 a7' and Black is much too slow. as in the game) 5 1 Ra7 + and Black is quite lost.Kf5 first. .Kf7 is in any case no improvement. etc. 46 Rd7 ! R X g2 (46 . . Rb2 leads to some hair­ raising lines. . . when his more advanced pawns will win. . . planning 47 Re4 and then Ke6. 46 a6! This now wins with less risk. Re2. .b Xa6 47 Rd6 + Kh5 A rather odd-looking choice. or 50 Ke5 h5 5 1 Kd6 h4 52 K X c6 h3 53 Rd7 h2 54 Rd 1 R X a7 55 Kb6 1 and wins) 50 Ke5 Ra4 5 1 Kd6 b4 (or 5 1 . heading for b7. . . . . .

and because White can set up an ideal sheltered position for his king If 50 . . GAME 26 White : Polugaevsky Black: Evans Siegen Olympiad. The ingenious Polugaevsky finds another resource: 1 e4! £Xe4 1 . 2 Ke3 Now the black rook is completely passive and White is ready with his mobile pawn majority. Rc4 5 1 c6 b4 52 Kd6 b3 53 Rb6 Rc3 54 Kc7(-b7) etc. particularly since the enemy b-pawn is fixed as a target. which leads to a close finish: 49 Kf5 (threatens mate in two) Rf 1 + 50 Ke5 Rf2 5 1 R X a6 R X g2 52 c6 (52 Rb6 is also possible. . In this position White's seventh rank is some consolation for his material deficit. especially an absolute seventh. . . as he only has time to collect one pawn on the K-side. defending his rook. 49 RXa6 RXb4+ 50 Ke5 Rb2 Black has no chance now. but what else could he do? (a) 2 . . 1 970 (Diagram) Occupation of the seventh rank. . . and now White just wins by 56 Rb6 g3 57 R X b5 + Kg4 58 Rc5 h5 59 b5 h4 60 b6 h3 61 b7 h2 62 bB/Q h 1 /Q 63 Qb4 + and the black queen is lost. c5 3 Rc7 Rb5 1 02 . . . leaves the white queen no manoeuvring space behind). However. R X e4 2 R X b7 Ra4 3 Rb6 R X a5 4 R X c6 would be a draw.and e-pawns isolated and weak.g5 Making the seventh rank absolute. . when the white pawns are again more advanced) R X h2 53 c7 Rc2 54 Kd6 (threatens 55 Rc6) R X c7 55 K X c7 g4. g5 + .have tried 48 . 53 Kd4! But not 53 Kd6? Rg6 + 54 K any R X a6 55 cB/Q Rf6 with an almost certain draw (black g-pawn on the second rank. . he would still normally find it very difficult to hold the game. . since the white rook can place itself actively behind the passed pawn. can in itself sometimes be sufficient compensation for a pawn. 53 . 5 1 c6 R Xg2 52 c7 Rg5 + O r 5 2 . with his own a. . Rg4+ 54 Kd5 Rg5 + 5 5 KeG Rg2 5 6 Kb7 1-0. .Rc2 5 3 Kd6 and the rook must be sacrificed at once. 2 .

(b) 2 . 16 . but White still draws comfortably as the pawns are very weak and one of them must be lost. Kc8 8 h5 Rb5 9 h6 R X a5? (9 . . . . with a likely draw. . . Rb2 3 K X e4 R X g2 4 R X b7 R X h2 (4 . . 1 03 . which may be the best chance. . but White's active pieces should still enable him to draw. 12 Ra7 c5 13 Ke5 Rd2 1 3 . Rh6 1 4 Kd5 Rh5 + 1 5 Kc4 also loses a pawn. .Rd8 White could draw either by 1 7 Rh6. (d) 2 . . Kh7 3 h4 Kg6 4 g4 Kf6 5 h5 c5 6 Kf4 (threatening 7 g5 + and 8 R X g7 with two connected passed pawns) e 3 + 7 K X e3 R X g4 8 R X b7 Rb4 9 Rb6 + ! Whichever way Black plays he does not appear to achieve more than a minimal advantage.4 K X e4 R X a5 5 R X b7 Ra2 6 Kf3 Ra5. 8 h5 RXaS 9 h6 Rh5 10 RXb7 RXh6 1 1 K Xe4 Rd6 Cutting off the king. 3 h3 Kf8 4 g3 Ke8 5 Rh7 Kd8 It is not clear that moving the king away from the enemy passed pawn is a good idea. . . 14 RXa6 Kc7 15 Ke4 Kb7 16 Ke3 ! I f now 1 6 . Rh5 draws) 10 Rg7 Rh5 1 1 h7 Kb8 1 2 Rg8 + Ka7 1 3 h8/Q R X h8 14 R X h8 actually wins for White. . . Ra2 5 Rb6 R X a5 6 R X c6 Ra2 7 Kf3 and again the white rook gets behind the passed pawn) 5 Rb6 Rc2 6 R X a6 and White's king will rapidly support his passed pawn. . (c) 2 . or by 1 7 Ra 1 . but Black hopes to free his rook from its defensive burden. 6 h4 g Xh4 7 g Xh4 Rb5 7 . which comes to the same thing. . . Rb5 3 K X e4 R X a5 4 R X b7. as the pawns are too backward to stand up to the rook. . leaving the king cut off on a rank. in which case the pawn on the fourth rank is insufficient to win because the white king is only eut off by one file and his rook has plenty of checking distance on the b-file.K Xa6 17 K Xd2 Y2-Y2 . .

. 3 RdS Ra2 ! An excellent manoeuvre. . . . 2 a4 White has very little choice. Diagram 1 Diagram 2 1 04 . By his first move Black is keeping the king nailed to the edge. which as a rule can be better exploited in a rook ending than any other. 2 . but rejects a chance to level the material because he prefers to keep the activity of his king and rook at a maximum. . 4 h3 If 4 Kh3 g5 wins. . and thus ensuring that its rook stays passively on the fifth rank to defend against the threat of . g5 + and . then 2 . . Rh3 mate. g5 +. K X e6 would also have left Black with good winning chances owing to the scattered nature of the white pawns. 1 . However. . threatening 3 . to exploit the unfortunate position of the opposing king. . g5 + followed by mate.GAME 27 White : Zhidkov USSR. The position in Diagram 1 illustrates this quite well. . Ra3 ! B y the use o f Zugzwang Black now wins his pawn back in more favourable circumstances than before. . when Rf8 + is available as required. . .K£4 ! White is susceptible to mating threats and his pawns are weak. 1 . . as will be seen. 3 . wins immediately. If 2 h3 Rg3. driving the rook into a more passive position before capturing the a-pawn. because the rook is by nature a piece which demands wide open spaces in order to operate effectively. Black is a pawn down. R X a4 would have been premature on account of 4 Rd8. 1 97 1 Black: Razuvaev The relative activity of the pieces is especially important in rook endings. If . 2 d5? or 2 Ra7?. Black's actual choice is much more logical and convincing. .

a4 4 d6 + Kd7 5 Rf7 + Ke6 6 Re7 + Kf5 7 d7. KX e6?? 8 d5 + ) winning the e-pawn. 5 Rg5 RXa4 (Diagram 2) This concludes the first part of the ending.g. . Rg3 forces White's next move. . . whenever he wishes. . RXd5 9 Kh6 K£6 10 K Xh7 Or 1 0 Rf4 + Rf5 1 1 Rh4 Rh5 + and wins. . Black is in trouble because mating threats will arise. since there are no 1 05 . Rb6 6 d7 + Ke7 7 Rf7 + K X e6 8 Rf6 + I) 6 Rh6 and wins. e. if here 4 . but it is simpler to keep the white king confined for as long as possible. 6 d5 If 6 Rg4 + Kf5 7 Kg3 (or 7 d5 R X g4 + 8 h X g4 + Ke5 9 Kg5 K X d5 1 0 Kh6 K X e6 1 1 K X h7 Kf6 and wins) Ra3 + (not 7 . GAME 28 White: Estrin Black: Pytel Albena. Ke8 5 e6 a3 (or 5 . White has the advantage because his pawns are more advanced and supported by his king. . . after which he should win without too much trouble. Black's king is now sufficiently well-placed to be certain of picking up at least one of the centre pawns. . . .4 . . 1 973 (Diagram 1) A very tense position with passed pawns on both sides. in addition his rook is able to get behind the enemy pawns more easily than its rival.Rh5+ 1 1 Kg8 R Xh3 12 Rg2 Rh5 13 R£2 + R£5 1 3 . 6 .Ra5 7 Rg4+ Ke5 8 Kg5 The only chance. Kf7 2 Rf6 + Ke7 3 d5. 14 Rg2 R£4 In order to have the pawn's path protected up to the fifth rank. and thus create a convenient square for the king at g5 15 Rg 1 g5 16 Rg2 g4 17 Kh7 Kg5 0. 8 . . . . K X e6 would also win. Diagram 1 nevertheless the win requires very accurate play 1 d4 a4 If 1 . 10 . . . 3 . Black can pick up the e-pawn in perfect safety. . If 8 Rg5 + Kf6 forces the rook to relinquish the defence of the d-pawn.1 . in which the result can depend on a single tempo in many variations. . . .Ra3 Now the threat of 5 . . 2 Re8 He must come behind the black pawn now. .

. 2 b5 2 . Kg5 1 2 Rg3 + Kf4? 1 3 Rb3 Rd l + 1 4 Kc5 ! (to avoid a check at d6 after his 1 5th move) Ke5 1 5 e7. . In general terms one may say that the central position of the white king enables him to switch across to either wing as circumstances demand. . . . (b) 7 d7 Rd l 8 d8/Q R X d8 9 R X d8 a2 wins for Black. . is worse) 1 0 e7 + Kf7 1 1 R X a3 b2 1 2 Rf3 + Kg7 ( 1 2 . 7 Ra7 + ! Very accurate play and possibly the only way to win. Diagram 2 which seem to lead to a draw with best play: (a) 7 e6 Re l + 8 Kd5 b31 (nothing else will do. . . . The alterna­ tives are 7 e6 and 7 d7. .e. Rd l + if White queens. If 7 . Playing to the third rank also has its disadvantages because of . .Kf6 9 e7 Kf7 1 0 Rf8 + Kg7 l l d7 Rd l + 1 2 Kc4 a2 1 3 d8/Q a l /Q 1 4 Rg8 + Kh7 1 5 Rh8 + I wins for White. which is tantamount to winning in this sort of position. . 5 b4 6 d6 Rb l (Diagram 2) Now that his own pawns are far­ advanced. Kf8 8 e6 Re 1 + 9 Kd5 b3 (9 . Clearly this move is the most forcing. . when the pawn runs through while the black ones are held up. but not 1 2 Kc5? b3 1 3 R X a3 b2 and Black wins. Re3 8 d6) 8 Kc 1 b4 9 d6. 8 . Re 1 + 1 1 Kd5 Rd 1 + 1 2 Ke5. and so is the first choice provided it is sound. . . . If now 8 . Black has counter­ chances. 3 Ra8 Rb3 + 4 Ke4 a3 5 d5 ! This is possible because White just gets in first after 5 .b3 1 1 Ra8 Re l + 1 2 Kd5 Rd l + etc. Rd 1 9 Ra6 + Kf7 1 0 Rd6 R X d6 . or if 9 e7 b2 1 0 Rb8 a2 and Black wins) b2 1 0 Rg3 + Kf6 1 1 Rf3 + Kg7 with a draw by repetition. . 1 06 . and. . while 8 . . 7 Kg6 The point of the check is clear now. . with the black king on the third rank. Rd l + 9 Kc6 only helps him) 9 R X a3 (if 9 d7 b2 and . since Black will lose if he strays too far by 1 1 . to support his own pawns or stop the black ones. Rb4 + 6 Kd3 (not 6 Kf5?? Ra4) Rb3 + 7 Kc2 Rb2 + (7 . White can actually still draw after 7 d7 Rd 1 by 8 e6 Kf6 9 Ra6 Ke7 1 0 Ke5 1 and now: (i) 1 0 . . . . .Ke8 allows mate) 1 3 Rb3 and wins. 8 d7 ! . Rd l + 10 Kc6 etc. . . . . i.mating threats against the black king and Black would queen first in a straight race. again with repetition. it is sound. . both of . . and some very sharp tactical play ensues. (ii) 1 0 . . a3 immediately transposes into the main hne. . with repetition.

8 .Diagram 3 l l e X d6 a2 1 2 d8/Q a l !Q 1 3 Qe7 + Kg6 1 4 Qe8 + ( 1 4 d??? Qe l + ) Kg5 1 5 d7 and White has a winning position. after which Black's position is quite hopeless because his rook is passive and his king is completely shut out. In effect it is Q and P against Q and Black must try for perpetual check.Rf8. . . . Kf5 1 5 e6 Kf6 1 6 Kd6 wins) 1 5 R X a3 b2 1 6 Rg3 + Kf7 1 7 e6 + Ke7 l 8 Rg7 + Kf6 1 9 Rf7 + Kg6 20 Rf 1 wins. 13 RaG+ KfS 14 Rd6 R Xd6 15 e Xd6 a2 16 d8/Q a 1/Q 17 Qc8 + ! (Diagram 4) A very strong and necessary check. By playing the king back he gets a queen ending similar to the one in the previous note.Re 1 + 9 K£4 Rfl + 10 Ke4 Re 1 + 1 1 Kf4 Rfl + 12 Ke3 It might seem more natural to play the king through via d5 to support the pawn. his only chance is perpetual check. . relying largely on cross-checks. Rf8 1 3 Ke4 Rb8 (there is nothing else) 1 4 Kd5 ( 1 4 e6? Kf6) b3 ( 1 4 . but Black can then just hold the draw by getting his rook into position with a tempo. . as will be seen. Pages of analysis of all the possible checks would be pointless.e.Rd 1 (Diagram 3) The only other move is 12 . . Black's pawn is irrelevant here. After 1 2 . To a large extent the Diagram 4 1 07 . 12 . Q. but the white king should always find refuge in the region of g8. . just as if he had no pawn himself. . By comparison the white king is ideally placed and the only reason why Black can fight on at all is that his pawns still have a few resources available to them. i. since a centre pawn on the seventh is the most favourable possible case of Q and P vs. which he can just win. The comments made in the notes to White's 8th move in connection with a possible queen ending apply here. being unable either to interfere with the enemy pawns or support his own. 1 2 Ke4 Re l + 13 Kd5 Kf5 ! 1 4 Kd6 b3 1 5 R X a3 b2 1 6 Rf3 + Kg6 1 7 Rb3 b l /Q 1 8 R X b l RX b l l 9 e6 Rd 1 + 20 Ke7 Kf5. . .

. and if 24 . and the fact that the king will try to escape in the general direction of bB and aB. . If l Rc5 + Kd6 (not l .Qa l + and 23 . which would otherwise give an easy perpetual. .Kd4 2 Rf5. He now picks up the black pawn on his journey to aB since Black obviously cannot continue checking and defend the pawn. . Nevertheless. but that does not apply here. . 28 Kb8 Qe5 + 29 Qc7 Qb5 + 30 Ka7 1-0. .and h-pawns are rather weak and his Q-side majority is restrained. Qb2 + allows the cross­ check 20 Qc2 + . .Kg6 18 d7 Qe5 + Very hard to decide which of a multitude of checks to choose. . 1 9 . 20 Kc2 b3+ Or 20 .Qd2 + lead rapidly to the actual game. . . Qb6 + 2 2 Ka4 Qd4 + (22 . . The only guides for Black (apart from avoiding cross-checks. nor l . or 28 . Qc3 +. Qf4 + 29 Qc7 and the king escapes to cB as in previous lines given above. and this is why the defending king should be as far away from the centre of activity as possible. . Qd4+ Notice how useful the queen is on cB. . . Qa7 + 23 Kb5) 23 Ka5 leads into the game. is impossible. . 22 Ka4 Qd4+ 23 Ka5 Qd5 + Once again the cross-check stops 23 . 25 Kb7 Qb4+ 26 Ka7 Qd4 + 27 Ka8 Qd5 + If 27 . .stronger side must rely on cross­ checks to escape the perpetual. Qa4 + 31 Kb7 and wins. . Qa7 + . there might be similar situations where White would prefer not to capture the pawn at once but use it as a shelter. Qb3 + 25 Ka7 Qe3 + 26 KaB Qa3 + (26 . Qe4 + 21 Kb3 and the pawn goes anyway. . . . . 2 1 K Xb3 Qd3 + 2 1 . . 1 h5 This feeble-looking pawn is actually destined to survive right to the end l OB of the game.Kf6 2 Rc6 + Ke5 3 Rb6 1 Rh7 . . 19 . Qa4 + 28 KbB Qb4 + 29 Qb7. Both 23 . of course) are to keep as close as possible to the white king in order to try and confine him. he just manages to overcome Black's resistance. 1 97 4 (Diagram l ) White's winning prospects with his extra pawn are diminished somewhat by the strength of the black e-pawn. and all the time . . . 17 . since the king heads for the same squares. If 30 . 19 Kd2 After l 9 Kd3 Qd5 + he must go to c2 anyway. . . Qe4 + 27 Qb7 Qa4 + 2B KbB Qf4 + 29 Qc7 Qb4 + 30 KcB) 27 KbB Qb4 + 2B Qb7 Qd6 + 29 Qc7 Qb4 + 30 KcB wins. GAME 29 White : Ivanov Black: Bonchev Bulgaria. and also because his own b. 24 Kb6 Qd4+ Of course he cannot check on the third rank. . Incidentally.

.S Re4 and White always finishes up with three pawns against one) 6 h7 Rh 1 (or 6 . Rh3 1 1 a6. . . . (b) 7 . .R£2 + 4 Ke 1 R X £3 5 Rc5 + Ke4 6 Rh5 Rg3 !. . . . 2 h6 Rg2 + 3 Kd3 3 K£ 1 will not do . . . . Kg6? 3 R X £4 . .or 7 .Black can in no circum­ stances allow his £-pawn to go) 3 Rc6 is useless. pawn ending by Diagram 2 Diagram 1 1 09 . (c) 7 .e. . as Black's position is fatally passive. .R£2 5 h7 Rh2 6 Re4 + etc. . . . but with the loss of a tempo for Black) the white rook reaches an ideal position by . . . . . and if 7 Rh 1 (or 7 Kf l £3 S h7 e2 + and wins) £3 S h7 £2 + 9 Ke2 (or 9 Kf l K£3) Rg 1 1 0 Rh4 + K£5 and wins. . Rh? 2 Rc5 + K£6 3 h6 ' Rb7 4 Rh5 Rh? (4 . while if 1 . .R X h7 S Re4 .RhS S Ra7 ReS 9 Kd3 e2 10 hS/Q R X hS 1 1 K X e2 ReS + 1 2 Kd3 Re6 . . . . .) 1 1 Ra2 Rb 1 + 12 Kc3 b4+ 1 3 Kc2 and White reaches a win­ ning rook vs. . . RdS 7 Re? and now (a) 7 . S Ra7 e2 9 hS/Q + R X hS 10 R X a6 + K£5 1 1 Kd2) S R X e2 R X h7 9 b5 a X b5 1 0 Kb4 (Diagram 2) Rh 1 (or 1 0 . Kd5 6 h7 Rh 1 7 R X £4 e2 .Re3 + 1 3 Kc4 R X £3 1 4 R X a6 leaves White with no problems .) 2 Rc4 only repeats the position. or 1 0 . 5 Re4 + K£5 (if 5 . 1 1 Re4 1. 3 Rd2 + 4 Kc3 Rh2 If Black tries to force the immediate advance of the pawn by 4 .Rb7 1 1 a6 RbS 1 2 a7 RaS 1 3 Ra2 etc. with Rb7-b6 to follow and White wins) 7 Re? e2 (7 . Kg5. . i. transposes.1 3 Kd4. . Rd 1 (4 .e2 10 hS/Q + . Kg6 5 h7) 5 Kd3 and White has no real problems.K£6 S Ra7 ReS 9 Kd3. or 10 .3 . .4 R X a6 R X h4 5 Rg6 1 Rh2 + 6 Kd3 Rd2 + 7 Kc3 RdS S Rg2 etc. . . . already threatening mate in two. . .1 2 . K£5 2 h6 Rh? (2 . K£6 S Ra7 e2 9 hS/Q + R X hS 1 0 R X a6 + K£5 1 1 Kd2 and wins. . 1 Rg7 1 . intending to go to g3. winning the a-pawn because if 9 . . . . K£6 fails as before. . . The only chance is to activate the rook immediately.

. a X b5 7 a6 when Black's only try is 7 . threatening S b5 etc. . Rh 1 S Kd3 K£6 9 b5! leaves Black helpless. 1 10 . .R£2 is useless because of 9 b5! a X b5 1 0 a6 and wins. Rh3 (not 7 . R X £3 whereupon 7 b5 (or 7 Rb6) loses at once by 7 . After 5 .b4 +. to say the least. but White plays 8 Kd3 and then (a) 8 .Rh 1 + 1 0 Ke2 Rh2 + 1 1 Kd3 Rd2 + 1 2 Kc3 Ra2 1 3 h7 Rh2 1 4 Rc7 wins for White. Rh2. . . which is relevant in a variation mentioned in the next note. and if then 6 . and if 7 . but even so White finds a way through. In the circumstances the attack on the £-pawn. . you might think. planning simply 7 R X a6. R X £3. Quite a powerful move.Kd5 ! If 6 . . If in this last line 9 . .RX £3. . 6 b5 ! With so many passed pawns appearing. (2) 7 R X a6 leaves the rook out of play as before and White would be in trouble again after 7 . speed is of the essence and in view of this 6 R X a6 would be dangerous.g. . White has 9 b5 and if 9 . . . His rook now watches this pawn and his king moves one file nearer to the dangerous enemy a-pawn. . is the best chance. . (3) Black avoids being checked when the h-pawn queens. . e2 + S Kd2 Re3 9 Re7 +) S h7 £3 9 Kd3 e2 1 0 Kd2 (if 10 Rf7 or 1 0 b5 e l !Q 1 1 Re7 + Kd5 1 2 R X e 1 £2 + ) Rh 1 1 1 Re7 + (or 1 1 hS/Q + R X hS 1 2 Re7 + Kd6 1 3 Re3 Rh 1 ) Kd6 1 2 Re3 £2 still wins for Black.Rh2 9 a7 e2 10 a8/Q e 1 /Q 1 1 Qa5 mate. . especially as it puts the rook out of play. (b) 8 . (4) The e-file is unblocked. b3 9 a7 b2 l O Rb6 R X h6 1 1 Rb5 + wins. . Therefore 7 Ra7 is necessary. . . 5 Rc6 Rh3 Obviously Black must play as aggressively as possible. Alternatively. . (5) Finally. Black may try 6 .Ra2 White has 6 h7 Rh2 7 Rc7. . . still restraining the enemy h-pawn. whereas after S . .Ra2 and 5 . .. . both threatening to advance the e-pawn.Re 1 1 4 a6 ReS 1 5 c. . . which turns out to be insufficient. which could be very important.Kd5 9 a7 wins. . Black would continue 6 .e2 + S Kd2 Re3 9 Ke 1 £3. The move played has several points : (l) 7 b X a6 is prevented. which leads to a win for White after 7 b X a6 e2 + 8 Kd2 Re3 9 Rc 1 . when 7 .a X b5 1 0 a6 Rh 1 + 1 1 Ke2 Rh2 + 1 2 Kd3 Rd2 + 1 3 Kc3 b4 + 1 4 Kb3 e2 1 5 ReS and wins. . If now 7 . . . . . e. . . If then S K X b4? e2 9 Rc l R X h6 is quite satisfactory for Black. If 5 . .1 3 . Rd 1 + 7 Ke2 Rd2 + S Ke 1 and now S . . . the alternatives being 5 . R X £3 the new position of the black king makes a difference. in that 8 b X a6 e2 + 9 Kd2 Re3 1 0 Rg 1 Re7 permits the black rook to occupy his best position and the result is not clear. . Black is even able to construct a mating threat ( ! ) with his king at d5. 6 . . . . . .7 RaS 1 6 Kb3 Kg5 1 7 K X b4 Kh4 1 S Kc5 Kg3 1 9 Ra3 R X a7 (forced) 20 R X a7 K X £3 2 1 Kd4 Ke2 22 Ke4 etc. Rh 1 . 7 Rg6! Releasing the b-pawn. (c) 8 . . Rh 1 6 Kd3. . .

. Therefore White should play 8 Kd31 R£2 (8 .e. . . 1 6 Re? + Ka8 1 7 h7 would be a very mistaken idea. . the rook is hopelessly passive. and other details of the position must also be exactly right for the defender. In case any confusion arises. In this case.1 1 a7 R X a7 1 2 K X e2 Ke4 and now either 1 3 Ra 1 Ra6 " · 1 4 h7 Rh6 1 5 a6 RXh7! or 1 3 Rh 1 R X a5 1 4 h7 Ra2 + 1 5 K£ 1 Ra 1 + 1 6 Kg2 £3 + 1 7 Kh2 Ra81 permits Black to draw. Kb7 1 4 a8/Q R X a8 1 5 R X a8 K X a8 1 6 h7. .e2 14 Re5 Kb7 (or Diagram 3 Diagram 4 1 4 . . . e l /Q 1 4 a8/Q + Kc7 1 5 Ra7 + Kd6 1 6 Qd8 + etc. . this is not one of those cases where rook + h-pawn +£-pawn vs. 10 Rg5 + KeG 1 1 Ra5 ! Decisive.Rd8 1 3 a7 and now (a) 1 3 . but this is quite sufficient to win. . which wins . as he will queen with check. of course. .K X a7 17 K X b4 Kb6 1 8 h7 the white king simply returns and picks up the £-pawn. 13 a7 Rd8 Or 1 3 . i.e2 + 9 K X e2 Re3 + 1 0 K£2 Re? 1 1 Rg7 is no good either) 9 b X a6 e2 1 0 Kd2 £3 1 1 a7. . the black rook must be active for that to happen. .Rd2 + 12 Kc4 e2 If 1 2 . . 7 .b3! and if 1 8 K X b3 R X h7. . . In view of this Black tries his last shot . . . 1 7 . 1 1 . . rook only leads to a draw. or if 1 8 Rg7 b2 1 9 Rg8 + K X a7 ! and the best White can do is 20 R X h8 b l /Q 2 1 Ra8 + K X a8 22 h8/Q + . 9 Kd3 Rh2 Threatens mate. 14 ReS (Diagram 4) Kb7 15 RXe2 Rh8 16 Rh2 1-0.aXb5 8 a6 b4+ (Diagram 3) Now 9 K X b4? e2 1 0 Rg 1 R X h6 would be useless. .Ra8 1 5 h7) 1 5 R X e2 K X a7 1 6 Rh2 Kb6 1 7 K X b4 Kc6 1 8 h7 Rh8 1 9 Kc4 and wins. After 1 6 . because of a Stalemate trap. Now White has only one good line.to make something of the b-pawn. after which he picks up the £-pawn with 111 . Incidentally. (b) 1 3 . .

e. 22 .Kb7 23 Qg7 + Kc6 24 Qf6 + Kd7 25 Q X f4 Ke6 etc. . i. . but the black king hurries back in front of the pawn and draws comfortably.a couple of checks. 1 12 .

We may summarise a few of these with reference to the first position (Diagram 1 ): ( 1) In some cases there are chances for one side to play for a direct mating attack by advancing his own king right up the board and combining it with the queen. which is significant. than if he stays stuck in his corner with inadequate pawn protection. 3 1 and 32 are of heavier calibre . 35 begins in the middle-game and soon there appears the almost unique material balance of two rooks and a bishop vs. (2) Surprisingly. there are other principles which are quite well illustrated by the game extracts below. The other advantage which White possesses here is the weakness of the black cl-pawn. queen + 2 pawns on the same side of the board. but even in open positions a centralised queen will automatically deprive the enemy queen of a large number of checking possibilities. and this type of situation suits the queen's powers of penetration very well. I am not referring only to the problem of perpetual check by the weaker side. 34 is queen against rook and knight and some clever play is required to avoid a 'fortress' position which the defender is aiming for. GAME 30 White: Hecht France. This can even apply in endings of queen + 3 pawns vs. (3) The weak white squares around Black's king are inviting occupation. 1 97 1 Black: Villeneuve When dealing with queen endings we are faced with a number o f special characteristics due entirely to the queen's great power. No. though not necessarily of special relevance to queen and pawn endings.&. which is very well known. This is largely because he has more squares available. In the first of these the enormous power of a passed pawn supported by its queen is evident. No. A blocked centre such as we have in Diagram 1 helps considerably of course. 1 13 . the king is often safer from perpetual check if he rushes up the board in this way. perpetual check is the weaker side's only hope in such cases. queen and four pawns . In the final three games of the chapter other pieces are involved. where the winning chances can often be better than with rooks. No. In the second Ivkov shows how to maintain steady pressure against a very weak pawn structure .Queens We begin with a relatively simple example which illustrates the possibility of winning quickly in a queen ending by a direct mating attack Nos. 33 being a minor piece ending which turns into queen and doubled pawn against queen.

If Black had played 4 . . (b) 1 4 . GAME 3 1 White: Hubner Black: Mecking Wijk-aan-Zee. . 8 . . Q X h5 1 2 Qe7 + Kg8 1 3 Kc7 Q X f3 1 4 d6 Qc3 + 1 5 Kb7 and the pawn soon runs through) 1 2· Qe7 + Kg8 1 3 Qe8 + Kh7 1 4 Ke7 and wins after (a) 14 . . . or (c) 1 4 . . . Qg5 9 Qf7). he has no counterplay and the threats to his king persist. . . The main line would be: 4 . . .Q X e4 1 5 Qg6 + . then 6 Qb8 Qa4 7 K X d6 b3 8 Ke6 and his pawn gets no further. Kf8 If 1 . . 7 . . Qf2 5 Kf5 Q X g2 6 Qc8 + Kf7 7 Qd7 + Kf8 (or 7 . . . . Qb4 2 Qe8 + Kh7 3 Kg4 Q X b3 4 Kf5 Qe3 (or 4 . . b4 6 Qb8 and 7 Kf7 is unstoppable) 6 Q X b5 and Black is quite lost since he loses his cl-pawn. we need to examine Black's immediate counter-attack in preference to this king move. . Black decides to move his king away at once. especially since mating threats are still in the air) 8 Q X d6 + Kf7 9 Qc7 + Kf8 1 0 Ke6 Qh3 + 1 1 Kd6 Q X f3 (or 1 1 . .Qa3 being answered by 9 Kf7 etc. . and with queens on the mating possibilities are an additional hazard to Black.b4 5 Ke6 Qc2. it follows that the possession of a passed 1 14 . Since the queen cannot be prevented from escorting a passed pawn all the way through to the eighth rank. . 5 KfS Kh7 6 KeG Qf2 7 Kf7 White finds a neat way to finish. .Kg8 8 Qe8 + Kh7 9 Ke6 Q X f3 1 0 Qg6 + Kg8 1 1 K X d6 and the passed pawn. Since passive defence is likely to be more dangerous in queen endings than in any other. . . Q X b3 1 5 Kf7. .b4 5 Ke6 Qc3 6 Qb8 b3 7 Kf7 and wins) 5 Ke6 Qa7 (or 5 . His threat of 8 Qc8 can be met in only one way. . 1 97 1 This second extract deals with another characteristic of queen endings . supported by the king. 2 Qa8 + Ke7 3 Qb7 + Kf8 4 Kg4 Kg8 The king's march through the white squares is the obvious and . convincing plan.Qh4 8 Kf8 ! 1-0 (if 8 .Qc3 1 5 d6 Q X b3 1 6 d7 Qb4 + 1 7 Kf7 Qc4 + 1 8 Qe6 Qc7 1 9 Ke8. 1 . . but there is no escape from the mating net. wins easily.Diagram 1 1 h5 Fixing the white-square weakness.

escaping to the Q-side. . (iii) 9 Qd5 + Kg7 1 0 Qd7 + Kh6. (ii) 9 Qb7 + Kf8 1 0 Qb8 + Kg7 1 1 Qb7 + Kh6. . . deceptive. (Diagram 1 ) 1 . d3 + or sometimes . In this 5 Qe4 + Kd6 6 Qf4 + Qe5) Kf5 line White also has alternatives at 6 Qh7 + Kf4 7 Qe4 + Kg5 move nine. . If would have been better for him 4 Qh7 + Ke6 5 Qg8 + (or than what actually happens . . in some circumstances. . It can decide an otherwise equal ending. . . . . . not stop checking. (b) in most positions that Black's strongest play is White dare not exchange queens 6 . Qe3 + . . sometimes several pawns down. . After the h-pawn. (c) in most endings 1 0 Kf l Q X f3 + 1 1 Ke 1 Qe3 + two connected passed pawns 1 2 Kf l d3. He therefore capture.Qc l + 6 Kg2 advantage.Qb2 + 7 Ke 1 Qc3 + and face two widely separated 8 Ke2 h4 9 Q X h4 Qe3 + passed pawns. also d-pawn at all costs by 6 Ke2 . decides to leave his king within 2 d Xc5 d4 3 Qe4 range of the h-pawn for the time If 3 Qc 1 Qc3 and the pawn is lost being. . . . but with queens this is advanced and because the white nullified because a single pawn can king is cut off. anyway. when he has winning would confer a tremendous chances because his pawn is so advantage. . . 4 .h3. so that White dare be supported so effectively. but in each case the Diagram 1 checks eventually stop and he is left facing the unpleasant threats of . c5! 8 f4 + Kh6 9 Kf3 Qc3 + Seizing his chance to create 1 0 Ke2 h4. Black holds a clear 5 . On the other White has a problem in deciding hand. 6 . at all events that blockade the d-pawn.Qg5 + 5 Kfl 3 . White does have a great whether to play his king across to number of checks. . White must a strong initiative. with Black keeping another passed pawn. If now 8 Qh7 + Kf8 9 Q X h5 Qe2 and White's only hope is perpetual 1 15 .Q Xc5 4 a4 5 Kf2 Qd2 + 6 Kg3 d3 leads to The position may be a little positions similar to the game. or save an inferior one. because (a) his queen It seems likely that White's best can strongly support the d-pawn chance was to try and stay near the and.Qd2+ 7 Kh3 d3! (Diagram 2) The possession of a passed pawn outweighs almost anything.pawn is usually the most relevant factor. For example: (i) 9 Qh7 + Ke6 10 Qe4 + Kd6 1 1 Qf4 + Kc5.

(b) l O Qh8 + Ke7 1 1 Qg7 + Ke6 1 2 Qg4 + Ke5. 22 . 1 16 . if instead 22 Qa2 Qh 1 + 23 Kg3 h4 + . but now he will be in a position both to support his passed pawn and to attack the f-pawn. 17 Q Xf6 + Ke3 18 Qe5 + Kf2 19 Qh2 + K Xf3 20 Qg2+ Kf4 2 1 Qh2 + Kf5 22 Qd6 Loses immediately. On the other hand. . Once again we see how the king is much safer making a journey down the board than tucked away in his corner. with transposition into (a). if necessary among the Q-side pawns ! For instance: (a) 1 0 Qc5 + Kg7 1 1 Qc7 + Kg6 1 2 Qg3 + Kf5 1 3 Qg4 + Ke5 1 4 Qg3 + Kd5 1 5 Qg8 + Kd4 1 6 Qc4 + Ke3 1 7 Qc5 + (or 1 7 Qe6 + Kf2 1 1 8 Qb6 + Kf l ) Kd2 1 8 Qb4 + Kc2 1 9 Qc4 + Kb 1 . transposing into the game.Qe 1 ! White was threatening to disturb things by 1 7 Qe4 +. . since even the queen cannot always check and defend a pawn at the same time. and if now 2 0 b4 Q X f3 + 2 1 Kh2 d2 !. . there are positions where it is simpler to by-pass such a pawn and use it as extra protection for the king. but he has no defence against the d-pawn. but Black is quite prepared to sacrifice his f-pawn with check. White therefore tries yet another series of checks. 15 Qb5 + Kf4 Attacking a pawn is one of the surest ways of stopping a string of checks. .1 .Qf l + 23 Kg3 h4+ 0. . 8 Qd5 + Kg6 9 Qe4+ Or 9 Qg8 + Kf5 1 0 Qd5 + Kf4 1 1 Qe4 + Kg5 1 2 Qh4 + . 16 Qc6 (Diagram 3) 1 6 Q X h5 Qe2 17 Qg4 + Ke3 1 8 Qe6 + Kf2 ! 1 9 Qb6 + Qe3 is no use. 9 . . but the black king will always find safety. 16 . while 1 6 Qc4 + Ke3 leads to a similar position.Diagram 2 Diagram 3 check.Kg5 10 Qh4+ Kg6 1 1 Qe4+ Kh6 12 Qd4 Kg7 13 Qd7 + Kg6 14 Qe8 + Kg5 The king is forced out to avoid perpetual. as he now has a clear winning manoeuvre in mind.

both 25 . for if 25 Qc2 Qa5 threatens mate and the a-pawn. . 28 b3 Qf l + 29 Kg3 Qe2 ! Pinpointing White's weak spot. . but is a little passive. . though obviously weak. 2 5 .Qf 1 + is quite strong and White's K-side is remarkably difficult to defend. . The only other plausible move is 24 Rd3 and. 24 RXd8+ If 24 Kf2 Qh4+ wins a pawn. if 24 . . . e. . 23 . It is very instructive to see how Ivkov makes the most of his slender winning chances by his precise queen manoeuvres. .Rd8 ! The file must be challenged in any event. .if 25 Qd 1 ? Q X e3 + . 27 K£3 Q Xc4 The threat of 28 . may not seem to be fatally so. infiltrating White's game and highlighting its defects. .Qd 1 + 26 K£2 Qc2 + If now 27 Kg1 Q X e4 28 Q X a6 Q X e3 + 29 Kf l Qc l + and takes the b-pawn with check. or if 25 Kf2? Qh4 +.Q Xd8 25 Q Xb7 Having conceded the d-file he swallows the bait. . . 25 g3. .Qh4 and 1 17 . with White still suffering from his unwieldly pawn structure . 25 . 1 973 Ruy Lopez 25 .g. If now 28 Qb8 + Kh7 29 Q X e5 Q X a2 gives a position not unlike the game. h5. or if 25 h3 to halt the further advance of the black pawn. R X d3 26 Q X d3 Qg3 are strong. . 25 Qc3 is perhaps playable. In that event Black might continue 24 .Qd6 26 Kf2 Kf8 27 Ke2 Ke7 28 Qd2 (or 28 Qd3 Qb4) Qc5 etc. and Black is quite prepared to let his b-pawn go and accept the isolation of his remaining Q-side pawns if he can penetrate to the heart of his opponent's game with his queen. . Qh4. . 24 . . At first sight White's doubled and isolated e-pawns. . Diagram 1 1 e4 e5 2 N£3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 d6 5 c3 Bd7 6 d4 N£6 7 0-0 g6 8 Nbd2 Qe7 9 Bc2 Bg7 10 Nc4 0-0 1 1 d Xe5 N Xe5 12 N£ Xe5 d Xe5 13 Bg5 h6 14 B X£6 B X£6 15 Ne3 c6 16 Bb3 Rad8 17 Qc2 Bg5 18 Rfe 1 Be6 19 Rad 1 RXd 1 20 RXd 1 B Xe3 21 f Xe3 B Xb3 22 Q Xb3 Qg5 23 c4 (Diagram 1 ) This ending is notable for Black's persistent and determined attempts to exploit his opponent's pawn weaknesses . when White starts to run short of moves .GAME 32 White: Kaplan Black: Ivkov Sao Paulo.

intending 35 . when he may hope to gain from being slightly ahead in the race..Q X a2 33 QXe5 + Kh7 34 Qc3 Qe2! Returning to the most aggressive square. . The alternative is 32 a4. and his remaining pawns are so weak as to make his defensive task extremely difficult. If he plays 34 . White may have felt that he would be safe by picking up one of the black Q-side pawns. (a) 35 a5 c4 36 Qb6 Qd 1 + 37 Kg3 c3 38 a6 c2 39 a7 c 1 /Q 40 a8/Q Qh5 4 1 h3 Qg5 + 42 Kh2 Qe 1 and Black is bound to win.h5. . 30 . a5. if (32 a4 Qd3) 33 Qb6 Q X e4 34 Q X a6 Q X e 3 + should suffice to win for Black in view of the bad position of the white king and the passed e-pawn. In spite of this White could probably have survived by 35 h3. . e. threatening 33 . is a tempting move. when his whole K -side will be destroyed. . . 32 . as his queen is quite well centralised and the black pawns are also weak. . . . than to play 36 . . . . after 34 Kh2 Black has not gained much because his own Q-side pawns are so vulnerable.g. then 35 Qc5 is perfectly satisfactory for White. If now 35 QX c6? Q X e 3 + leads t o mate after 3 6 Kg4 h 5 + etc. In view of these variations. 37 Kf2 Diagram 2 1 18 . or 36 KM g5 + 37 Kh5 Qe2 + 38 g4 Q X h2 . . or if 34 . threaten­ ing the c-pawn. Black's best line after 32 a4 is 32 .h5 ! 36 Q X c6 Qg4+ Much better to leave White with his weak e-pawn. .Qg4 + . White's choice seems best. . . after which 32 . . Q X e3 + . 35 h4? (Diagram 2) But this creation of a new weakness at g4 is hard to understand. (b) 35 Qb5 c4! 36 Q X e5 + Kh7 and if 37 Q£6 c3 defends the £-pawn.Kh7 3 1 Qa7 Kg7 32 Qc5 Counter-attacking and re­ centralising the queen seems to be the right procedure .30 Qb8 + ! It is better to defend the e-pawn with gain of tempo in this way. but he only exchanges off one of his own strong pawns for a weak enemy one. Qd3 33 K£3 Q X b3 34 Q X a6 c5. If 30 Q X c6 Q X e 3 + 3 1 KM (3 1 Kg4? h5 + 32 KM Q£4 + and mates) Q£4 + (not 3 1 . (c) 35 Ke2 c4 and the further approach of the king only helps Black. . . . Finally. White must then play 33 h3 Qe 1 + and if 34 K£3? M!.Qc3. . However. . . Qa5 35 Qd7 . Q£2 + 32 Kh3 Q X a2 33 Qe8 + ) 32 Kh3 h 5 33 g 3 Qf l + 34 KM Kg7 and the king is in difficulties. of course. 35 .

. trying for the same kind of K-side play as happens in the game. 40 . There are in fact more winning possibilities here than there would be in the equivalent rook ending. since this does not succeed. 4 1 . the white king protects him and is himself safer out of the corner. . . secondly. . involving the advance of the e-pawn but. . when he must either lose a pawn by 39 Kfl or abandon the g-pawn. Q X e5 42 Q X a6 Qb2 + 43 Kf3 Q X b3 the ending is much better for White than the similar type mentioned in the note to his 37th move. . was also possible. the e-pawn is less exposed.Qf5+ 44 Ke2 Qe6 (Diagram 3) Compare the note to White's 40th move. h3. . . 45 Q X e6 f X e6 46 Kf3 g5 4 7 Kg4 Kg6 is a dead loss for White. . . . . Qb2+ 42 Kf 1 Qb 1 + 43 Kf2 Or 43 Ke2 Qc2 + and he must go to the £-file. 48 g Xh3 Q Xh3 After all the exchanges. he only creates a further weakness in his pawn structure. . 37 . .Diagram 3 If 37 Kh2 Q X h4 + 38 Kg 1 Qe 1 + 39 Kh2 Q X e3 40 Q X a6 QX b3. . . 38 . . and Black has clear winning chances in spite of the reduction of the material to one side .Qg4+ The plan is now to create a passed pawn by . In particular. and finally the black h-pawn is a little weaker. White moves his king so as to avoid a check with the re-capture.Q Xh4+ 38 Kf l Not 38 Ke2 Qg3. the white e-pawn would need constant protection by the queen and. 45 Qd8 Or 45 Qd4 g5 46 Qe4 + Kh6 and the majority is rolling forward nicely. 43 .Qf6 + 4 1 Ke2 (not 4 1 Kg3 h4+ 42 Kg4 Qf2 1) h4.Q X g2? 48 Q X h4 + leads to perpetual check at once. . when Black's h-pawn will run through. . the stronger side can often advance his king in such endings and create mating threats. Black gets more opportunities to offer an exchange of queens with the white pawn at e5 since his king can quickly advance on this pawn. and the white king is also deprived of the square e5.Qg3 + 47 Kd 1 h3 Of course 47 . 46 . White has a different plan in mind. direct and 119 . Black then continues 40 . 45 . . Firstly. 46 Ke 1 If 46 Kf2 Qg3 + 4 7 Kfl h3 and Black takes back with check. .Qh 1 + 39 Kf2 Qa 1 40 Qb6(?) 40 Qd5. . centralising and awaiting events.h4 41 e5?! So that if 41 .

driving the king away from the passed pawn. .Kh5 52 Ke 1 Qg4 53 Qd6 Qc4 54 Kf2 Although White's king has approached. the extra pawns obstruct the white queen's checking chances and in such an ending the supported g-pawn becomes very strong indeed. Q X e5 5 1 Q X a6 Q X e3 52 b5 and Black can hardly achieve more than perpetual check. and in any case White wishes to bring his queen back into play. .Kh4 The last move before the time 1 20 Diagram 4 control. . 54 . 56 Qd8 + 56 Qd4 + Q X d4 5 7 e X d4 Kg4 is a lost ending for White. . . Kf5?? 57 Qf4 mate) 57 Qf4 Qa2 + 58 Ke l is rather awkward for Black. pin the g-pawn and menace the a-pawn.Qe6 Now the intention is . However. .Kh6 5 1 Qd4 If 5 1 Qd6 Qb3 + 52 Ke2 (or 52 Kd2 Qa2 + ) Qc4 + 53 Kf3 Kh5 and the king and g-pawn advance. .indirect. . Qf5 + if necessary. Qe6 56 Qd4 + Kh3 (56 . . 50 . (b) 58 Ke3 Kf5 59 Kf3 g5 60 Kg3 Ke4 and wins . Remove the black f.Qe6 50 b4! In a queen ending the degree of advancement of passed pawns counts for more than the actual number. 57 . driving the king back. Once the black queen settles on a2 or c4 she secures the whole position. as Black can launch a direct attack on him with king and queen.e. However. . Here.Kg4 55 Qd7 + O r 55 Q d l + Kf5 and the e-pawn is in trouble. . .and a-pawns and all the white ones and the game should be a dead draw. . although Black would be a pawn up. In fact 55 . that alone will not suffice to stop the passed pawn. . 55 . 58 e4! This resource gives him a fighting chance. 56 . i. . or if 57 Qd7 + Qe6 stops the checks. and simultaneously prepares the advance of the king. . or 6 1 Ke4 f X e5 62 d7 K X d7 63 K X e5 Kc6) K X d6 62 Kf4 (if 62 Kd4 Ke6 63 Kc5 g5 wins) Ke6 63 Kg5 Kf7. . together with . (a) 58 d5 Kf5 59 d6 Ke6 60 Ke3 f6 6 1 e X f6 (or 6 1 d7 K X d7 62 e X f6 Ke6. . . . White is still left with his weak e-pawnsl 49 Qd3 If 49 Ke2 Qh2 + wins a pawn. 5 1 . Therefore. He threatens 59 Qd3 + and 60 Qg3 + . . 49 .Kh3 57 Qd6 If 57 Qh8 + Qh4 + . so Black plays safe. with a passed pawn Black's advantage is becoming very pronounced. . . g5. however. . if now 50 .

59 Ke3 Kg3 (Diagram 4) If 59 . g5. . for example 62 . GAME 33 White : Chandon-Moet Black: Bottlik Correspondence. . . . 66 Ka5 g5 67 Qd6 + Ke4 With the g-pawn one square further on. . . . . . g5 64 Qe2 + ) 64 Qe2 again makes things very difficult for Black. 61 Qc7 ! Threatening 62 Qc 1 + .Kf4(?) This is inaccurate and could have wasted a lot of time. this last attempt has a hint of desperation about it. . . Qb3 stops the checks and threatens 64 . K£3 was right.Kg4 62 Qd6 White decides to repeat the position. . . Black's best procedure seems to be 62 .1 . but he could have caused more trouble with 62 Qc2. .g5? 63 Qe2 + Kh4 64 Qh2 + and if 64 . After that the white queen would again be needed on the Q-side to protect her pawns and the g-pawn could then advance with its king behind it. . 60 . .K£3 ! The right square this time.Qd7 + 63 Ke3. . retreating right back to g7 if necessary. g5 60 Qd 1 + is trouble­ some. stopping the checks and covering everything. Kg5 64 Qg2 + Kh6. 1 974 Evans Gambit 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bc4 Bc5 4 b4 B X b4 5 c3 Ba5 6 d4 d6 7 Qb3 Qd7 8 d Xe5 Bb6 9 Bb5 a6 10 Ba4 Qe6 1 1 B Xc6+ bXc6 12 0-0 RbB 121 1 3 Kh 1 d Xe5 1 4 QXe6+ B Xe6 15 N Xe5 Ne7 16 Ba3 f6 17 Nd3 Bc4 18 Rd 1 (Diagram 1 ) Black has chosen one of the soundest defences to the Evans . . If now 63 Qc5 or Qc7. . . The next phase shows Black employing a number of tactical resources to avoid checks 60 Kd4 If 60 Qd4 or 60 Qd5. there is now no need to go to c3 for the protection of the queen. . simply 60 . . 62 . first driving the king back. then 63 . Qh3 65 Q£2 + picks up the £-pawn If 62 . 6 1 . 58 . 68 Qc5 Qb5 + ! 69 Q Xb5 aXb5 70 K X b5 g4 7 1 KeG g3 72 b5 g2 0. . which would be a considerable disturbance to the king. 65 Qc5 Kd3 ! Very neat.K Xe4 64 Kb6 Qc4 The decisive move. if now 66 Qd6 + Kc3 and the b-pawn will fall at the very least. . .his pawns also become more vulnerable now. . . . Qe3 + etc. . as he has a much simpler win. Kg4 A change of plan. 63 Kc5 Faced with the threat of the g-pawn. attacking the new weakness . 63 . . Qd7 + 63 Ke3 Kh3 (or 63 . It soon becomes clear that 60 . but now the white queen is chained to the e-pawn. . .

. Black wants more. . . . e. he counter-attacks with his knights against the weak pawns. 2 5 . . and the job of dislodging the knights is uncom­ monly difficult) 33 Nb l Be2 34 Kg3 Bb6 35 Nb3 the knights are better placed. . He now avoids the win of a pawn by 1 8 .gra. .m 1 g3 and h3 on general positional grounds. B X a2 is at least as good. however. 30 N X a6? Bb3. . .K Xe7 22 £3 Ba5 23 Rc2 23 Rd3 R X d3 24 N X d3 Rd8 would hardly be any improvement. .Gambit and has come well out of the opening. and he plays to keep the front knight out of c5 altogether. e.Rd7 24 Na3 Rhd8 25 h4! The defence of the back row must take priority and White avoids both Dia. h3 would allow a fixing operation by . the white a-pawn is the next target. 21 . 3 1 .Rd8 19 Nb2 Kf7 Covering the bishop by means of the back-rank threat. . as Black would keep his powerful rook. Bf7 33 Na4. while g3 would leave the whole second rank exposed. The only other move. . In addition White would be left short of good moves. . . obviously gives the black-square bishop tactical chances. g5. . Be3 22 Rc2 (or 22 Re2 Be l 23 g3 B X b2 24 B X b2 Rd l + 25 Kg2 Rhd8 etc. Kg l . 3 1 N X a6 B X c3 is useless .Be2). B X d3 1 9 R X d3 B X f2 because White would have compensation in the form of his active rook and bishop and the slightly awkward placing of the black king and knight. . Instead he retains his bishop-pair for a while. . 27 R X d 1 RXd 1 + 28 Kh2 Ra 1 Notice how the bishops penetrate into every corner of the position. also the natural development 20 Nd2 is prevented (20 . h4. . in spite of his weakened Q-side pawns. 29 Nc5 RXa2 29 . . but otherwise how is the knight at b 1 to be developed? And if 2 1 f3 at once. . . if now 29 c4? Bb4 suddenly traps one of the knights I In the circum­ stances White takes his only chance. 30 RXa2 B X a2 3 1 Na4 Again. . . h5 and .g. then 2 1 . . 20 Rd2 Be6 21 B Xe7 Again a reluctant decision. 23 . 18 . .Rd2 26 Na4 Rd 1 + There is no point in exchanging at c2.) Rd7 and White is still tied up. . . Bb3 32 Nc5 Bd l (or 32 . perhaps better.g. 25 Kg l Rd2 26 R X d2 R X d2 27 Nac4 B X c4 28 N X c4 B X c3 29 Rc l Bd4 + .Kd6! 32 Kg3 (Diagram 2) Bb3 33 K£4 1 22 . though the position could hardly be held in the long run. .the bishops would dominate the board and the c-pawn would be home in no time (32 N X c7? Be5 + ) If now 3 1 .

.g. but this way guarantees the promotion of the h-pawn within a few moves. . . .No need to move the attacked knight yet. . . .Bb5 39 K Xg7 Bf l 40 g4 Taking either pawn would cost him two of his own and would be quite hopeless. the queen ending which soon follows contains some ingenious tactical points which would never have arisen had he chosen the most accurate line I 38 . . However. after which he protects his last pawn and the win is much more difficult. 40 .K Xa5 38 Kf7 Black's most straightforward winning line is now 38 . 34 Kf5 B Xa4 35 Nc4+ KeG 3G N Xa 5 + Kb5 37 KeG As in the previous note. 33 . . .Bg2 40 . . . Kf8 and f4 are all answered by 40 . e. Bf3 43 Kg6 1 B X e4 + 44 f5 Bf3 45 h5 B X h5 + 46 K X h5 lead to the same ending as in the text. White has very definite counter-chances with his pawns. Kb6 39 K X g7 Be8 !. 4 1 f4 B X g4 42 KXh71 (the h-pawn in this case is more dangerous than the two connected passed pawns which would appear after 42 K X f6) and now both (i) 42 . 41 f4 B Xe4 42 h5 (Diagram 3) KbG Not 42 . Instead he plays to attack the white pawns with his bishop. when we have 34 Nc4 + Kc5 35 N X a5 Kb5 36 Kf5 (not 36 Nb7 Kb6 37 Nd8 Bb3 ' and the pawn runs in) K X a5 37 h5 (if 37 Ke6 Bb3 + 38 Ke7 Kb5 39 Kf8 a5 and wins) Bb3 38 h6 g X h6 39 K X f6 Kb5 40 f4 a5 4 1 e5 a4 42 f5 a3 43 e6 a2 and White remains a piece down. . . the knight must be abandoned. 37 . Be2 is also playable. . . stopping the Diagram 2 h-pawn. which still wins. 43 hG a5 44 f5 a4 45 K Xh7 a3 4G KgG a2 47 h7 a l/Q 48 h8/Q Q Xc3 Now. . . . since he will soon have to abandon a piece without even winning the a-pawn for it. . Bf3 43 K X h7 B X g4 44 h6 Bf5 + (forced) 45 Kg7 Kb6 46 K X f6 Bh7 47 Kg7 Bc2 48 h7 and White queens first. the only resource is a rapid king march. .c5(?) This is really a waste of time. in spite of the extra black piece. The simplest line is 33 . Kb6 43 Kg6 a5 44 h5 B X h5 + 45 K X h5 a4 46 e5 and (ii) 42 .B X a4 at once. a5) a5 4 1 h5 a4 42 K X h7 a3 43 Kg7 a2 44 h6 a 1 /Q 45 h7 Q X c3 wins . since 37 Nb7 Kb6 38 Nd8 Bb3 leaves him no hope of catching the a-pawn. but takes longer. if then 40 g4 (40 K X h7. . 1 23 .

the objection to it is that the queen will then be none too well placed to harass the enemy king. queen ending. because of 49 .Qh2 with check) Qd4 ! and White can neither take the pawn nor exchange queens. because the c-pawn would be too fast for him. The move cho?en is his best chance and obhges Black to withdraw the bishop. In the intervening moves his king will have sufficient protection even in the presence of two enemy queens. . . . If instead 54 Qh6 (the only way of getting a check l) g l /Q + 5 5 Kh7 + c6 5 6 Qd8 + Ka7 and the checks run out. (c) 55 Kh5 Qh7 + 56 Kg4 or 56 Kg5 g l /Q + and wins. (b) 55 Kf6 or 55 Kf7 Qf l and wins. Kc6? 50 QaB + 50 g5 (Diagram 4) £Xg5! Black's plan now consists of allowing the white pawn to queen and estabhshing his own g-pawn on the seventh.Qd4 Simply transposing into (d) above. . .g4 52 £7 g3 53 £8/Q g2 The queens have no chance of getting to grips with the black king in the short time available. nor will 49 g5 suffice. . . 55 Kg5 Alternatives are as follows: (a) 55 Kg7 Qd4 + 56 Q X d4 c X d4 and wins. Djagram 4 1 24 . The threat to queen will then be strong enough to force a transition to a winning queen + doubled pawn vs. so the following move is compulsory.Djagram 3 He cannot take at f6 immediately. nor check anywhere I 55 . 49 Qb8 + Bb7 Not 49 . In view of the threat 5 1 g X f6 he can really do very httle else. . (d) 55 Kh6 Qd6 + 56 Kg5 (or 56 Kg7 Qd4 + and otherwise 56 . B X f5 + 5 0 K X f5 Q X e 5 + etc. 54 Qf2 Qd3 + ! A precise queen manoeuvre now forces the required liquidation. 51 . . . though the correctness of the idea could only be estabhshed beyond doubt under the conditions of correspon­ dence play 5 1 £6 5 1 K X g5 Qg7 + is naturally useless.

If 7 1 Qg2 + Kd3 72 Qg6 + Kd2 73 Qg2 + Kc l 74 Qf l + Qd 1 wins. 1 25 .1. Qd2. . according to where the king has moved. but this does not suffice here. but a doubled pawn normally wins in the ensuing ending. . 0. nor cover c l . 74 . c4 60 Qb8 + Kc5 61 Qa7 + Kd5 62 Qa2 Or 62 Qa8 + c6 63 Qa5 + Ke6. but the king always finds shelter among the pawns. if 68 Qg6 + Kc7 69 Qf7 + Kb6 70 Qe6 + Ka5 7 1 Qa2 + Qa4. . 56 Q Xb7 + KXb7 57 Q Xg2+ Kb6 58 Qa8 Qe5 + 59 Kh6 (Diagram 5) The weaker king belongs as far away as possible in order to avoid cross-checks which would exchange queens. answering any queen move by 76 . . . 7 1 . . Kd6! 63 Qa6 + Ke7 Retreating away from the pawns is quite in order as long as the checks are stopped and the front pawn is permitted to crawl on one more square. . nor check. . . which is similar to the game. because of the extra protection afforded to the king. Qc4 + or .Ke3 72 Qa3 Kf2 ! Stopping the checks altogether and having in mind some additional tactical points. Qh4 + or check twice at h4 and g5 and then promote the pawn. . .Ke5 69 Qe2 + Kd5 10 Qa2 + Ke4 7 1 Qa8 + Or 7 1 Qc2 + Ke3 72 Qc 1 + Qd2 and Black checks next time . the enemy queen is already ideally placed in the centre. . Qc3 + . . There was no king move to prevent this and if instead 74 Qc l Qd3 + 75 K any Ke2 ! smothers the queen and threatens 76 . . There are many such variations. Ke3! A neat finish. 73 Kh7 c2 74 Qa2 Black's double threat was to exchange queens by 74 . 62 . . In addition to White's other troubles. White cannot take the pawn.Diagram 5 White tries his last desperate chance. 68 . 64 Qa2 c3 65 Qc2 c5 66 Qh7 + Kd6 67 Qd3 + Qd4 68 Qa6 + If 68 Qg3 + Kc6 69 Qf3 + Kb6. . 59 . .

if 2 Kf 1 Rd 1 + just repeats. 1 968 (Diagram) The rook and knight are much less likely to be able to construct the kind of fortress position against the queen which a rook and bishop sometimes can.g X£4 5 b6 N Xb6 1 26 . .) 7 Qc8 Rb 1 + 8 Kh2 Rb2 + 9 Kg 1 N X h 3 + 1 0 K f 1 . if 1 b6 N X b6 2 Q X b6 Rf4 we have an abnormal situation where the queen can never win.GAME 34 White: Kotov Black: Bednarski France. . g7 and h6. After this the ending of queen + pawn against knight + 4 pawns would be quite lost for Black as it would be impossible to defend everything against a rapid invasion by the king. or his rook from f4 to d4. .Ne3 is no better. . .Nf4 4 Qe7 + and 5 b6 cannot be allowed) 4 Qd7 + Kg6 5 b6 and Black has to surrender his rook after 5 . . . . costing Black his rook. while 2 Ke 1 Re2 + 1 3 Kf1 (3 Kd 1 Nc3 + is the well-knowp 'drawing apparatus') Rd2 4 Kg 1 (or 4 Qd7 + Kg6 5 Ke 1 Rd4 etc. as his pieces would then be compromised just long enough for the white pawn to become too dangerous. because 3 Ke2 is unplayable. but the method of doing this is far from obvious. e X f4 the pin 5 Qd7 + Kg6 6 b6 is equally deadly. i.Rd l + Reluctantly rejecting 2 . 3 Kh2 Rd4 4 f4! ! A highly original method of weakening Black's pawn structure which exploits the rather tense position which his pieces have had to assume.) just leads back into the game. First the king is tucked away: 1 Kf2 Rd2+ 2 Kg l He must play here. . but care must be taken. Now 4 . although it gives Black the chance of a tactical stroke. N X f4 is defeated by 5 Qe7 + Kg6 6 b6 and the pawn is away. . . while at the same time White's thrust clearly cannot be ignored. the queen alone can never overcome the only possible weakness at f6 and of course the white king is permanently shut out. . If Black just moves his king between g6. . R X g2 + . With equal pawns and with a white passed pawn already in existence one would expect the queen to win fairly easily. Rb2 6 b7 Nf4 (6 . 3 Kh 1 Rd2 (3 . 2 . . so 4 .e. To make any progress White must somehow provoke another weakness in his opponent's game. he cannot organise perpetual check 7 Qc8 Rb 1 + 8 Kh2 Rb2 + 9 Kg 1 etc. . If 4 . .

as 1 5 .Rd2 16 h4 1-0. 9 . as White may have hoped. 1 976 Queen's Gambit Accepted White has been pressing hard for the attack at the cost of material on the Q-side and still has threats. . . GAME 35 White: Lukacs Black : Marszalek Budapest.f5 13 Q Xh4 e3 14 Qe7 + Kf4 1 5 Qe6 ! Permanently stopping any progress by Black. owing to the weakness of the black h-pawn. Rf4. Kg5 8 Qc8 f5 9 Qg8 + and 1 0 Qh8 + winning a pawn. The result is that the rook can no longer hold the queen ! 6 Q Xb6 Kg6 7 Qc6 Threatening 8 Qc8 and Qg4( + ) when the h-pawn falls. .Kg5 9 Qb7 e4 Black is tempted into advancing the pawn as quickly as possible. 12 . and so loses his h-pawn. Re4 is dealt with by 1 6 g3 + Kg5 1 7 h4 + Kg4 18 Qg6 + and Black loses everything. . . he must keep the move g3 in hand to create a passed pawn. . 10 Qg7 + Kf5 1 1 Qg4+ Ke5 12 Qh5 + White has spotted an ideal square for his queen behind the black e-pawn. . . 7 . . This looks deadly and Black's next move is in fact his only fighting chance. . but a different situation now obtains from that mentioned in the introductory note. After 8 g X f3 the game is almost certainly drawn. but Diagram 1 1 d4 d5 2 c4 d Xc4 3 Nf3 Nf6 4 e3 Bg4 5 B Xc4 e6 6 h3 Bh5 7 Nc3 Nbd7 8 0-0 Bd6 9 Be2 0-0 10 e4 e5 1 1 d Xe5 N Xe5 12 Nd4 B Xe2 13 QXe2 Ng6 14 Nf5 Be5 15 f4 B Xc3 16 b Xc3 Re8 17 e5 Nd5 18 Qf3 Nb6 19 Rd 1 Qc8 20 Qg4 Qe6 2 1 Rd3 Qc4 22 Rg3 Nd5 23 Rf3 N Xc3 24 Kh2 Nd5 25 Ne3 N Xe3 26 B Xe3 Qe6 27 Qh5 Ne7 28 Rc 1 g6 29 Qg5 Race 30 g4 Nd5 31 Bd4 Qe7 32 Qh6 Qb4 33 Rd 1 c5 34 Ba 1 Qe4 35 e6 f6 36 Kg3 RXe6 37 f5 g Xf5 38 g Xf5 Re7 (Diagram l ) 1 27 . say. or if e. .g. 15 .Obviously forced.£5.f3( ! ) 8 Q Xf3 Not 8 g X f3?. Had he refrained from this and played. . White would have won more slowly by g3 and the advance of the h-pawn. protecting his h-pawn. . 7 . . 8 . . which is why he provokes .

. . but now White is obliged to sacrifice. . . if 40 . . . . . . . c4 43 Bc3 Ke8 44 R X h7 Rc5 1 (44 . 41 Kh6 42 Bc3 Preparing his attack on the king with an immediate mate threatand also securing the bishop and stopping checks . Q X d5 4 0 Q X f6 Rcc7 (the only move. . White therefore decides on a queen sacrifice to keep his attack alive. 40 Q Xg7+ If 40 Kf2 Qb 1 ! and Black gets a mating attack after 4 1 B X f6 Qg 1 + 42 Ke2 Rg2 + 43 Kd3 Qb 1 + 44 Kc4 (44 Kc3 Qc2 mate or 44 Ke3 Qc 1 + ) b 5 + and mate at c2. 39 Rg7 + After 3 9 . .Rg7 + etc. if 40 . . . Qg2 + 45 Kh4 Rc6 1 46 Bg5 h6 etc. supported by the rooks. .Rce8 4 1 Qh8 + and mate next move. . . Qe 1 + ) the following are some sample variations: (a) 42 . but the position is a little deceptive and his king is in some danger. (b) 42 . . Qe 1 + 43 Kg2 (43 Kg4 Qe4 + 44 Rf4? is too dangerous .g. Taking the pawn leads to a clear loss as follows : 42 B X f6? Rg8 + 43 Kf2 Qc2 + 44 Ke3 (44 Kf 1 Qg2 + or 44 Ke 1 Rg 1 + 45 Rf 1 Qc l + ) Qc l + 4 5 Ke4 (45 Kd3 Qd 1 + or 45 Ke2 Rg2 + 46 Rf2 Qc2 + or 45 Kf2 Qg 1 . .Ree8 or 40 . Kf8 42 B X f6 (not 42 R X h7? Kg8 and 43 . . (b) 46 Re7 Qc4 + 47 Ke3 (or . · 1 28 . . while defensive moves such as 4 1 Qe3 are likewise ineffective. . It may . . .Black has correctly centralised and is on the point of repulsing him and taking the initiative himself. . as his forces remain scattered and Black keeps his queen well-placed in the centre and has two extra Q-side pawns .44 . a6 45 Rh8 + Kd7 46 R X c8 K X c8 47 f6 and Black will be fighting to draw) 45 Rh8+ Kf7 46 f6 Qg6+ 4 7 Kf2 Qc2 + and perpetual check looks the safest for both sides. Qd7 4 1 Qh8 + Kf7 42 Qg7 + and mate next move) 4 1 Qh8 + Kf7 42 Q X h7 + Ke8 43 Qg6 + Kd7 (or 43 . especially since it was compulsory. 40 K Xg7 41 Rd7 + White's sacrifice may seem desperate. again finally skewer­ ing king and rook) ReS+ and now (a) 46 Be5 Qe 1 + and wins. The chief threat is the capture of the f-pawn and the subsequent advance of the white passed pawn. Qg 1 + 42 Ke2 Rg2 + 43 Kd3 Qb 1 + 44 Ke3 Qc 1 + 45 Kd3 Rd2 + 46 Ke4 Re2 + and mates. . e. Black now plays his king to the dangerous square h6 in order to have the check at g8 available and generally to avoid a passive position. 41 Q X f6 leads to very similar lines. and the knight must in any case be eliminated if White is to generate any real threats. .) Qe2 + 44 Kg3 and again a draw by perpetual check seems unavoidable. . . 39 RXdS! Black was threatening 39 .Rec7 4 1 QhB + Kf7 42 Qg7 + Ke8 43 Re3 + Kd8 44 Bf6 + and mate. 4 1 . indeed be that Black should win with accurate play. . if 40 . . . . Rf7) 44 f6 the position is still unclear. After 4 1 .

which is the only saving chance in view of his material deficit. 42 . If 4 6 Rf7?? Qc4 +. c4-c3. so 4S Rd7 would be forced. . . ReS. though still not quite adequate. 4 S Rd3 is likewise unplayable because of 4S . . . . . and he must maintain his attacking momentum. but has a bright future at f2 . or just by advancing his pawns. 44 . though temporarily passive. RfS and the attempt at repetition by 47 Rd7 fails against 47 . Finally. so Black has little choice. 44 Kf l With his king unable to free itself from the mating net. After that Black should soon win by . .Diagram 2 47 Ke5 Qd4 + and . Qe4 + ) R X e 7 + 4 S B X e7 Qd4 + and wins. when White's attack is a thing of the past. while 46 R X b7 Qe4! forces 47 Rbb3 and then 47 . freeing his rook. . Qe 1 + ) Q e 1 + 4 S Kf6 Qh4 + 49 Kf7 Qh5 + and wins. . Qd5 1 29 . h6. Qc4 + 45 Kf2 Qh4 + (which White obviously dare not avoid by 45 Ke 1 ? Rg 1 + etc. . . Rf7 1 46 Rg7 Undoubtedly the best chance. 47 . Qc4+ 47 K£2 Now something strange happens. he has several pieces hanging and therefore in potential danger from the black queen. . Black should play simply 47 .Rh8 45 Bd2 + Kh5 (Diagram 2) White must take great care now.ReS + . . 49 . . 46 Kg2 RgS + 47 Kh2 h6 and if then 4S Rh7 Rg5 1 breaks the attack and still leaves Black with a winning ending after 49 B X g5 Q X g5 50 R X b7 Qd2 + . . . . but by driving the bishop to a better square he actually loses time and involves himself in considerable difficulties. If. QXa2 + 49 K£ 1 Unfortunately 49 Kg3 RgS will not do.) and the move played. when 4S Ke2 allows him a winning counter-attack or an exchange of pieces by 4S . Qc2 + ? 4 4 Bd2 + Rg5 45 h4. .Qd5? 48 Be3 The bishop is forced to move. . . . attacking the weakness from the side by 46 Rd6 permits 46 . Rg8 + 43 K£2 Qh4+ Not of course 43 . (c) 46 Be7 Qb 1 + 47 Ke5 (or 47 Kf4 Qb4 + and . . Instead of this Black seeks to win the a -pawn with check. 48 . waiting moves are hard to come by. . . In addition. . . . . . 46 . . when White's major attacking piece has been diverted. . for example. . . which is a winning attempt. Black now has to decide between an immediate perpetual check by 44 . . The threat is 47 Rg4.Q X a2.

. . when 64 . but the white pieces are well-placed and on the whole the bishop should be worth more than the scattered pawns. . since the white king dare not wander across to either the g. . b5 allows 65 Rd5 + and 64 . Kh6 53 Rfg4+ and mate. Not 53 . . b5 62 B X c5? Qb l + and 63 . . . If 61 . Qa2 + or . . which would arise after 55 . and so avoids the repetition. . 62 Kh2 c4 62 . . as the creation of mating threats will be a rather slow process. The immediate threat is 52 Kg3 and if 52 . . . Qf l 66 Ra6 + Kf7 67 Rf5 is very strong. he still hopes for more. . 61 . If then 65 . . 5 1 . after which the ending is problematicaL 55 Rd7 RgB To avoid a rather dubious ending with three pawns for a piece. .Qb 1 + If 6 1 . 58 . Qh 1 52 Kg3 Qe 1 + 53 B£2 Qe5 Forced.or d-file. 54 K£3 Kh6 Black spurns his last chance for a repetition by 54 . and the loss of one of them is inevitable.For the next few moves Black can always take the option of perpetual check by (here) 49 . 50 K£2 aS 5 1 R£4 ! White suddenly shows his teeth and the black king's position becomes critical. . . On the whole he is likely to have to deal with the pawns first. Qc2 + wins. Black might draw this position. However. . . . . White in turn must keep his forces co­ ordinated. b6 62 Rb8 Qb 1 + 63 Kh2 Qf l 64 Kg3. .Qe4+ 59 Kg3 Q£4+ 60 Kg2 Qe4+ 6 1 Kg 1 Evidently White has now decided to try for more than a draw. . since they are not very far advanced. . . Qd5 + 55 Kg3 Qe5 The move chosen involves him in a rook sacrifice to free his king. . Qc4 + . The black pawns in fact are quite vulnerable to attacks from behind. Qb5 65 Rbd7 also favours White. but 62 ReS c4 63 Rc5 + Ke6 64 Ra7 Qb l + 65 Kh2 would be similar to the game. b5 56 Rh4 + Kg5 57 Rg7 + K X f5 58 Rh5 + Ke6 59 R X e5 + f X e5 60 B X c5 . Qa2 63 Rg2 also loses Diagram 3 1 30 . . . . both to generate threats against the king and to harass the advancing pawns. Qc3 + ?? 54 Kg2 Kh6 55 Rg3 and wins . . 56 Rh4+ Kg5 57 Rg4+ K X£5 58 RXg8 (Diagram 3) The balance of material is now so unusual that it becomes quite hard to analyse or form judgments Black will try to keep his queen centralised and use her to support his passed pawns and to make it dangerous for White to leave any of his pieces unprotected.

. Ke4 70 Rg4 + Ke5 7 1 Bd4 + Kd5 72 Rf5 + Kd6. . but Black plays instead 69 . . Ke7 68 Rg7 + K£8 69 Rb7 loses at once. .g. If. . b3 70 R X £6 + etc. . 1 31 . . G9 . and 67 . G7 RaG+ The white forces are beginning to co-operate better. b4 67 Ra6 + would win the £-pawn at once (67 . . . Q X e3 72 Rg4 + ) 72 Bd2 ! Qc2 73 Rg3 + K£2 74 Rg2 + K£3 75 Re3 + K£4 76 R£2 + Kg5 77 Re5 + and mates. 70 . K£5 68 Bd4 both involve the loss of the £-pawn in a similar way. if he tries for more by 65 . Ke6 7 1 Re5 + K£6 72 R£2 + drives him away and into possible danger. Black's best chance is to abandon the £-pawn and aim for shelter among his passed pawns.b4. . for example. while 67 . . . . at the same time supporting them. e. so he returns his rook to the back rank and tries a different approach. 67 . .b4 70 Rf5+ Ke4 Best to keep the king working actively. . . . Qe5 + . . . . since 69 . .a pawn. G3 Rd5 + KeG G4 RXaS b5 G5 Rg l The other try would be 65 Rb8 Qf 1 66 Kg3 Qd3 + 67 Kg2 Qd5 + 68 Kg l Qd l + . . . . and in addition the queen would be in danger of a skewer. would be a worse ending for Black than before. which leads to a t least a draw for Black. G7 . . when the position is unclear. If now 67 . . . The problem is clearly that White's king and bishop are too exposed for any real winning chances to be possible. .Kd5 GB R XfG c3 Otherwise White has various ways of setting up mating attacks. GS . we have 66 Rb6 + (66 Ra4 Qc2 67 Ra6 + is less good) K£7 67 Ra7 + Kg6 and now: (a) 68 Raa6 Qb2 69 Kg3 (69 R X £6 + Q X £6 70 R X £6 + K X £6 7 1 Kg3 Ke5 72 K£3 b3 73 Be l Kd4 is bad) with a likely draw by perpetual check after 69 .K£7 68 Bd4 c3 69 B X £6 ! Ke8 70 Ra7 c2 7 1 Re2 + and mates.Qc2 GG Rg2 Qb3 Diagram 4 (Diagram 4) If 66 . G9 Bg3 69 Rg5 + Kc4 70 R£4 + Kd3 7 1 Rg3 + K any 72 Bd4 would win. 68 . . . .K£5 68 R X £6 + ) but in fact Black is soon obliged to surrender it anyway. (b) 68 Rab7 b3 and neither side is likely to make much progress .b4? 69 Rg5 + Ke4 70 Re6 + K£4 7 1 Be3 + K£3 (7 1 . Therefore White organises his rooks as quickly as possible against the pawns. . Ke5 68 Bg3 + etc.

as after 73 . . Kd4 74 Rf4 + Kc5 75 Rf5 + Kc4 76 R2f4 + Kb3 77 Rb5 Qb2 + 78 Bf2 he would be in trouble. Kd3 74 Rc7 Qb3 (74 . b3 75 Rf3 + or 74 . . when 73 . . . White settles for a draw. 1 32 . . . after which a draw is a reasonable outcome. Black is not really in a position to dispute this. Qb3 74 Rc7 Qd5 1 leaves the queen much better placed and the enemy bishop much more constricted. . . For his part White could have continued with 73 Rc4.7 1 Rgf2 Qb l 72 R5f4+ Ke3 73 R4f3 + �-�. However. . c2? 75 RcX c2) 75 Bd6 leaves his opponent short of good moves. . the immediate 73 .

Rooks and minor pieces This is the longest chapter and shows rooks. and the first three games provide an opportunity to study it. The next set of games covers rook and bishop against rook and bishop. 42 returns to technique and includes a number of stratagems commonly seen in rook + opposite bishop endings Nos. The theme here is the refusal (of both players) to win material prematurely. though in No. the game is decided elsewhere on the board No. No. No. 38 this is anything but obvious . In each case the bishop is the superior piece. who takes maximum advantage of a more aggressive grouping of his pieces to defeat a powerful opponent. 4 1 is a difficult manoeuvring game. No. White survives into a drawn ending. again featuring the present World Champion. 46 (Averbach-Hug) is another most attractive ending. GAME 36 White: Radulov Bulgaria. preferring the solid positional advantage of a passed pawn which can be held indefin­ itely at b6. 1 1 and deal with positions where the pawns are confined to one side of the board. but blunders it away almost at the finishing line. with White sacrificing a piece to create a host of tactical chances for his rooks and aggressive king. knights and bishops together in many different combinations. 1 979 Black: Kavalek Sicilian Defence 1 e4 c5 2 N£3 d6 3 d4 c Xd4 4 Q Xd4 Nc6 5 Bb5 Bd7 6 B Xc6 B Xc6 7 Nc3 N£6 8 Bg5 e6 9 0-0-0 Be7 10 Rhe 1 0-0 1 1 Kb 1 Qc7 1 33 12 B X£6 B X£6 13 Q Xd6 Qb6 14 Qd2 Rad8 15 Qe3 B X c3 16 Q Xb6 RXd 1 + 1 7 RXd 1 a Xb6 1 8 b Xc3 B Xe4 (Diagram 1 ) . Rook and bishop against rook and knight is an ending which occurs frequently enough. By the time Black comes to terms with this pawn.7. 43 and 44 are related to No. 40 being my own favourite of the whole collection Vaganian wins the exchange for a pawn early on. The two remaining games of the chapter are much more original In Rogoff-Csom nearly all the pawns disappear within the first few moves and we witness a terrific clash of pieces in the centre of an open board In spite of the appalling danger to his king. bristling with possible exchange sacrifices for both sides I The last phase involves a rook trying unsuccessfully to fight off four united passed pawns. and even a willingness to sacrifice for the initiative. 39 is rook and knight against rook and knight. No. but returns the material at once.

g.Diagram 1 To judge this position accurately we have to list the advantages which each side can claim.Rc8 22 Kb2 Bd5 23 Nb5 (Against quiet play Black continues . Black has two half-open files (a­ and c-) along which his rook may penetrate . If here 20 Rc7. Bc6 20 Rb4 Rd8 2 1 Kc 1 If 2 1 R X b6 Rd 1 + 22 Kb2 Rf l . 22 . . The power of the bishop is such that White cannot use the cl-file and can only make a feeble attack on the 1 34 front b-pawn. for instance: 20 Re7 Rc8 2 1 Ng5 B X g2 22 N X f7 K£8 23 Nd6 (23 Rd7 Bc6) Rd8 24 R£7 + (or 24 R X e6 Bd5) Kg8 and wins. but very slow. .and he has a healthy K-side majority of pawns while White's majority can only produce a passed pawn with great difficulty. for example . He is also slightly ahead in development. and Black's overall advantage is actually quite substantial.b5 22 c4 The only way to get any play. his bishop is much superior to the knight in this open position.h6 2 1 Kb2 Rd8 22 Ne5 B X g2 23 N X £7 (23 R X £7 Rd5) Rd5 !. 22 Ne 1 is another possibility. . White has control of the only open file and the black b-pawns seem to be weak (his own Q-side pawns have the king to protect them). then . If 22 Nd4 B X g2 23 R X b5 Bd5. . without any corresponding gain. trapping the knight. . . 2 1 . . however ugly they may appear. and any attempt to stir up complications will rebound. g5 or h5. e5) 23 . . variations involving the sacrifice of the £-pawn are not clear because the rook is now out of range of Black's king. is very good for Black. In other words. we need to look again. Black wins his pawn back at once. Black could play 20 . However. . they are not weak. or to weigh slightly in Black's favour. if the b-pawns cannot be successfully attacked. . e. It is the relative strength of the minor pieces which matters here. .. . for example 2 1 . with more to follow. followed by . .e5. . . . . Kf8-e7. 19 Rd4 By 1 9 Rd6 Bc6 20 Nd4 B X g2 2 1 R X b6 White would weaken himself further. 19 .e5 23 £3 £6 24 Nd3 K£7 and Black . Furthermore. . If 1 9 Rd7 Bc6. this is where tactics have to be blended with general considerations.K£8 24 Nd6 Rc6 and the minor piece ending is very bad for him. .Ra8-a5 and thence to f5. If these advantages seem to be balanced. .£6 and . . . and several white pawns make suitable targets for it. Then 24 c4 R£5 25 Nd6 R X f2 26 N X b7 Be4 wins without much trouble.

. Although this would have broken up the white pawns. . but he would keep a clear advantage by 28 . 22 . both remaining pawns are extremely weak). . . 26 . . He has gained space in the centre and driven the enemy pieces into passive positions. . . . so how would Black continue his attack after the plausible alternative 27 h3 ? He can slip up here by grabbing a pawn too soon.makes progress by . 27 . and is now ready to hit the K-side pawns with his rook. preventing the consolidation by g3 and h4. If 27 . Black has . . the a-pawn is dangerous. . If White then plays g3. but perhaps giving White time to consolidate a little. . there are no forcing lines for Black. R£4. . 24 . (ii) the more subtle 27 . All the time he has resisted the temptation to play . fixing the pawns on white squares.Re4. . . If he avoids g3. . to say the least. . covering the sensitive spot at d7 and generally developing. Kf7(-e6). if h4 thereafter.R£4 28 Ne l . 26 Rh4 merely encourages 26 . since it may cost White at least a pawn. . Rb4 + 29 Kc3 Rb l 30 Re2 g5 1. . his h-pawn is a target for the bishop (or. the game is now reaching the point where this exchange may become a real threat. Analysis indicates that the three moves are of about equal value. Rg4 is not quite a threat on account of 28 Ne l B X g2? 29 £3. . . . not only is there danger in leaving the cl-file to the opponent. it would have squandered all the advantages of having a much superior minor piece and also left the b-pawn vulnerable. . . . . . .Ra4 (Diagram 2) Black has made tangible progress .f6 25 Kb2 eS 26 Rd2 There is no point in trying to remain on the fourth rank. but does just allow 28 g3. but Black can simply centralise his king and continue with the K-side advance. Re4 is interesting. b6. . . His choice therefore lies between: (i) the direct 27 . However. if 27 . B X £3 . (iii) 27 . g5 etc. If 26 Rb4. because White dare not move his rook and . 27 . . but it remains a potential hazard. .Ke6 and the steady advance of his K -side pawns. . which stops 28 Ne l and almost paralyses White. h5-h4. 27 Ne l White's intention (much the best chance) is to abandon the pawn at once and activate his knight. B X £3? 28 g X £3 Rh4 29 Rd7 b5 30 Rb7 R X h3 1 35 Diagram 2 3 1 R X b5 R X £3 32 a4. .bXc4 23 RXc4 Ra8 24 Rd4 Not 24 Kb2? Bd5. A similar thing happens if Black collects the two £-pawns instead.

. . Because his pieces are inferior to the black ones. . . . . 27 .g5 1 again. .Rd4 leads. . . 36 Nd6 Bd7 37 c4 g5 The desirable simplifying move 37 . He has three possible plans: (a) . Black's third possibility (27 . . but his rook is temporarily out of play and the knight is active. 33 . but activating his rook (as played). . especially with the defending king . Rb4 + 29 Kc3 Rb 1 30 Rd8 + Kf7 3 1 Nd2. (b) . As usual. .h4. . (c) . h5 3 1 a4 g5 32 a5 h4 33 g X h4 g X h4 34 N X b7 1 etc. 33 a5 Rb4 + 34 Nb3 (34 Kc3 Rb5 35 Nb3 Bd5) Rb5 35 Rd8 + Kf7 36 Ra8 g5 leaves the white pieces very badly placed. . . . then 28 . g5. g5 and . 30 . Kf7 at once) seems likely to transpose into one of the other lines . . the plan is once again . activating the rook 1 36 Diagram 3 turns out to be the best. 1 positions are drawn. If White simply marks time by 28 Kc3.h5 3 1 a4 h4! 32 g Xh4 RXh4 (Diagram 3) 33 Kb3 Straightaway the difference shows .permit . followed by h4. . Kf8-e7 first. with a passed pawn. he can never really solve the problem. . . . . Kf8 (or 30 . . .h5.K£7 34 N X b7 Any further delay deprives him of the chance of counterplay (34 a5 Ke7). . . (c) is a bit slow. . then 2 9 h4 g4 30 Nh2 (30 Ng 1 is worse) Bb5 1 3 1 f3 g X f3 32 N X f3 Re3 33 Rf2 Bc6 and wins . to a pawn ending which would have been difficult to assess with certainty over the board. 30 . . . . . .Re4 28 Nd3 Rh4 29 g3 RXh2 30 Nc5 Perhaps it looks easy for Black now? He is certainly winning.28 . whether he moves them or not.h4. .B Xa4 + 35 Ka3 Ke7 The bishop is a little short of squares and must be rescued first. etc. Also Black wants to bring his king nearer to the enemy passed pawn. Re2. when the a-pawn is dangerous again. Kf7 3 1 N X b7) 3 1 Ne6 + Kf7 32 Nd8 + and 33 N X c6. 34 . . but Black can do better . delaying the creation of a passed pawn. . and also has a tactical objection. and his king's mobility is also rather limited. after 38 R X d4 e X d4 39 Nb5 B X b5 40 c X b5 Kd6 4 1 Kb4 Kd5 42 b6 Kc6 43 Kc4 KXb6 44 K X d4 Kc6 45 Ke4. before making a decision. . h5 and . A few of these 2 vs. If he tries 28 g3. The problem with (a) is similar: 30 . . Kf7-e6 and . . . h5. . . leaves him relatively safe. Although White then has a choice of defences. viz. . his K-side pawns will never be safe. . .

the shielding of the king is irrelevant. which now seems to win by force (40 R X d4 e X d4 4 1 Nb5 BXb5 42 c X b5 d3 43 b6 Kd7). . 43 .Rb l + 44 Ka6 Re i 45 Kb6 £4 46 c6 e3 47 f Xe3 (Diagram 5) If 47 Re2 Kd6 48 f X e3 R X c6 + 4 9 Kb5 Rc5 + 5 0 Kb4 f3 5 1 Rf2 g4 wins easily. .£3 ! Important to keep them connected. In fact. the speed of the pawns is what counts here. or take the Diagram 4 opportunity to shield his king (43 Rb2). or if here 49 Kb7 Rc7 + 50 Kb6 Re7. which is a good active piece.strongly placed. Black's winning plan is the same in any event. sacrificing his rook when necessary. much as in the game. to create two connected passed pawns. (b) 45 f3 g4 46 f X g4 f3 47 c6 f2 and wins. well placed for attacking the enemy pawns.Rd4 !. If 43 Rb2. 38 Kb4 £5 39 N£7 The knight is becoming something of a hability and without the following exchange White's counterplay would grind to a halt. . . (c) 45 f X e3 f3 1 46 c6 g4 47 c7 Rh8 and wins. . He cannot let the f-pawn go and have three black pawns to face. For example. 47 . e4 42 Kb5 Rh l 43 c5 Should White advance his pawn as quickly as possible. 39 Kc5 is met by 39 . . . while 39 Ka5 Rd4 40 R X d4 e X d4 4 1 c5 Ke6(-d5) is also easy for Black. 43 Rc2 f4 44 c5 e3 and then: (a) 45 c6 e X f2 46 R X f2 Kf5 etc. with a simple R + P vs. 41 . even if he won the black rook for his one pawn. .. Also. 39 . . . . it doesn't seem to matter. and in practice Black must have felt it was better to keep his rook. which will defeat the rook no matter what happens. . R finish. or play behind his pawn (43 Rc2)? In fact. 47 .e. the same thing happens. or shield his king on the b-file.f X e3 48 Re2 Rc3 would be Diagram 5 1 37 . he may now use his rook behind the c-pawn.K X£7 40 RXd7+ KeG 41 Rd2 (Diagram 4) Obviously the best square for the rook. i.

. Black to move would play 57 . 49 . completing stages ( l ) and (2) (58 Ra4? Qc5 + 59 Ka6 Kc6. 57 Ka4 Qd3 57 . (3) Win the rook by the appropriate series of checks . 48 c7 g4 49 Rd l Desperate. It is the third part which is hardest of all and most awkward to explain in books. .Q£3 + 55 Kb6 Qc3 56 Kb5 Kd5 We are almost in a standard position where the king and rook are forced to separate. if 6 1 Rb5 Qd8 + 62 Ka4 Qd7. and although nowadays we tend to adopt a more flexible approach to the problem. If 58 Rb3 Qa6 + 59 Kb4 Kd4 60 Rb2 Qb6 + 6 1 Ka3 Qa5 + 62 Kb3 Kd3 63 Rb 1 Qb5 + 64 Ka2 Qa4 + 65 Kb2 Kd2. B CM May 1 979.1 . Kc5 would waste time because of the stalemate trap. if indeed Black could win at all.much more difficult.RXc7 50 K X c7 £2 5 1 Rd4 £ 1 /Q 52 R Xg4 Qc l + 53 Kb7 Q Xe3 54 Rb4 Forcing the win with queen vs. . . it can still be extremely difficult in borderline cases to judge which piece is likely to be superior. again forcing the separation. 1 972 Sicilian Defence The relative values of bishop and knight have been a source of argument for decades. . Kc4? 59 Rc5 + ). . (2) Make them separate by using Zugzwang. being answered by 58 Rb5 + (58 . Qa3. where a computer is involved). 54 .Qd l + 60 Ka5 Qd6 ! A neat finish If 6 1 Ra7 Qc5 + . 59 . There are positions in which one player has all his pawns on squares of the same colour as his 1 38 . though the present game is a relatively straightforward case. and the king and rook have to part company again. winning at once). if 6 1 Rb6 Qa3 mate. rook can be difficult against a determined defence (cf. To become proficient you simply have to practise it a lot. 58 Ka5 Kc5 would now be immediately fatal. but if 49 Rf2 Ke5 50 Kb7 Ke4 etc. . (b) 63 Kb 1 Qe 1 + 64 Kc2 (64 Ka2 Qd 1 ) Qa 1 . . .). if 6 1 Rb 1 Qd8 + 6 1 Rh7 Qe5 + 62 Kb6 Qd4+ 63 Ka6 Qa l + 0. . GAME 37 White: Karpov Black: Dueball Skopje Olympiad. once the king and the rook have come close together: (l ) Restrict the white pieces by forcing them near the edge. Black therefore sets up a different type of Zugzwang to force the separation. There are three parts to it. . . 58 Rb5 + Kc4 59 Rb7 Another way might be 59 Rb4 + Kc5 60 Rb2 Qc4 + 6 1 Ka3 Qc3 + 62 Ka2 Kc4 and then: (a) 63 Rb 1 Qc2 + 64 Rb2 Qd 1 1 and the rook has to leave the king (65 Rb 1 Qa4 + 66 Kb2 Qb3 + 67 Kc 1 Qc3 + etc. since a maze of tedious variations is unavoidable.

But things are not quite so simple. Instead 32 . The move chosen permits the exchange of black-square bishops in a situa­ tion where the black knight appears to be at least a match for the remaining bishop. Nh3 29 Re4). and here the knight is obviously better. 29 Re 1 Bf4 30 Bf5 B Xe3 31 RXe3 Nf4 32 Ka2 Kf8(?) His idea is partly to protect the seventh rank and partly to keep the white rook tied to the d-pawn (at present it can move away because Be6 + is the answer to . however. There are. After 28 . h5 29 Rg 1 h4. 33 b4 aXb3 + 34 K X b3 Ra7 1 39 . if he tries to undertake any constructive operations. a4. The black knight establishes himself on what appears to be a nice strong square. but he has little influence in the relevant sector and cannot be switched easily from one wing to the other. . there are wide-open positions where the knight can obtain no foothold in the centre and where the bishop consequently outshines him . The bishop's power is rather less obvious until one examines some variations more closely. of which the present game is a good example. . Then it gradually becomes clear that he is much the better piece.b4 33 c X b4 a X b4 34 Rb3 Rcb7 35 a X b4 R X b4 36 R X b4 RXb4 37 Ka3 would give White excellent winning chances with his passed pawn. fixing the Q-side pawns. . but 32 . . he only weakens his own pawn structure. . . 28 Rg 1 Nh3 The best. the king move leaves Black in difficulties because White is permitted to take the initiative and shortly to open up the Q-side with advantage. . On the other hand. hundreds of positions in between. e. . is a possibility worth considering. one inherent weakness of the knight is the danger that. the position may suddenly open up and favour the bishop 1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 d6 3 d4 c Xd4 4 N Xd4 Nf6 5 Nc3 g6 6 Be3 Nc6 7 f3 Bg7 8 Qd2 0-0 9 g4 N Xd4 10 B Xd4 BeG 1 1 0-0-0 Qa5 12 Kb 1 Rfc8 13 a3 Rab8 14 g5 Nh5 15 Nd5 Q Xd2 16 R Xd2 B Xd5 17 e Xd5 a6 18 Rg 1 b5 1 9 c3 aS 20 Ba7 Rb7 2 1 Be3 Be5 22 Ka2 Rcc7 23 Kb3 Rb8 24 Bd3 Nf4 25 Be4 f5 26 g Xf6 e Xf6 27 Rg4 g5 (Diagram l) In this position Karpov could have retained his bishop-pair for a while by 28 Bf5 (and if 28 . .N X d5) Unfortunately.bishop. if he goes for the king by 28 . it is not easy to see how he would make progress. . Finally. .b4 29 aXb4 a X b4 30 c4 (not 30 c X b4 Rcb7).g. . Diagram 1 however.

. . 36 . d7 and cS enables him to do several jobs at once and eventually to combine with the rook. . should the white rook stray from the third rank.not 45 Kd6?? Rb6 mate l .N c l 46 Ra7 R X f3 1 40 .Ra7 and . . . RbS + White abandons his b -pawn and we have an irresistible combined attack. . 36 . . With best play it is doubtful whether Black can survive from this point on. or if 44 . These and similar variations show just how careful Black must be to avoid the premature opening of the position. . . . . .(not 34 . . . nor 34 .Nd3 + 45 Kc4 . White has instead 37 Rdc2 ! N X d5 (otherwise White penetrates anyway) 3S ReS + (not 3S Rd3 Ne7 39 Be4 d5) R X cS (3S . Rb3 44 Ra2 and Black must retreat. . . . .a X b 4 35 c X b4 Ra7 3 6 Rc3 RbaS and if now 37 ReS + ? R X cS (not 37 . . or 39 Rc2 N X d5. . and above all in the bishop. . .39 Bf5 Rc7. . By comparison the black knight on his 'ideal' square cuts a very poor figure. 35 RXe7 K Xe7 36 Kb3 Threatening to take and hold the a-pawn. . Ke7? 39 R X aS R X aS Diagram 2 40 Be4 Ke6 4 1 Rd2) 39 R X cS + Kg7 40 RbS.RaB 37 c4 a Xb4 38 a Xb4 b Xc4+ 39 K Xc4 White's advantage now lies in the strong position of his king. the king feels much more secure with a pair of rooks off the board. Nc7 41 Bd3). Black's best chance of counterplay lay in occupying the a -file immediately by 34 . Notice that to exchange pawns first would be bad : 34 . . On the other hand. obtaining united passed pawns (40 . supporting the passed pawn. allowing the white pieces as little scope as possible and constantly threatening to penetrate to a3. when either 4 1 RbS or RhS gives White a clear advantage) 3S B X cS Ke7 and White gets no further . . . typical of such positions: 4 1 Kc6 RXb4 42 K X d6 Rb6 + 43 Kc5 RbS (or 43 . since 44 . . . 39 . Now 36 . However. 33 b4 h6 34 Kb2 Re7? (Diagram 2) This is a serious mistake. whose control over the relevant squares e6. R X f3 45 RaS + and 46 d6 + is disastrous. a X b4 37 K X b4 would leave the b-pawn woefully weak. Ke7 3S R X aS R X aS 39 Rc2 1 Ra7 40 ReS N X d5.a4 + would only leave him with a weak pawn to defend. since c4 cannot be prevented in the long run.Kd8 40 Kb5 ! Kc7 If 40 . . Rc4 35 Bd7 Rc5 36 Bc6) and Black has counterplay against the weak a-pawn. who will try to penetrate to the seventh rank. Rc5 35 Re7. .RbaS. .

If 43 . . Kc7 45 Ra7 + Rb7 46 d6 + Kb8 47 d7 1 4 1 Rc2+ Kb7 42 Bd7 If 42 Rc6 Black gets good counterplay by 42 . . 43 Rc6 (Diagram 3) Rd3 A critical moment for Black. Re3 48 Kc5-d6) 44 Ra2 and Black is helpless against the standard manoeuvre of Ra7. Nc7 + 48 Kb6. or 50 . . .R£2 48 b5 Ra2 + 49 Kb6 etc. meeting 44 R X d6? by 44 . when White would retain better winning chances with 45 R X £6 than 45 K X b4 R X £3. . . 42 . . N X b4 ! ?. for example 44 . The text move aims to capture the cl-pawn safely. . .Ke6? 51 Bd7 + . Rd 1 49 Bb7 + and 50 K X c3) 49 Kd4 Nd 1 50 Ba4 and wins. . Rb 7 45 Ra8 + Ke7 46 d6 + . combined with d6 and Rh7. . .Kd8 48 R X h6 Ke7 49 Kc4 N£4 50 Rh7 + Kd8 (50 . 47 . . Black has four choices : (a) 47 . Ne2 44 Bc8 + (which is why the black rook was invited to leave the back rank) Kb8 45 Kb6 Nc3 46 Be6 Na4 + 47 Kb5 Nc3 + 48 Kc4 Ne2 49 R X d6 R X £3 50 Rb6 + and the advanced pawns win easily. winning the knight. . . . (c) 47 . . but he must then either abandon the £-pawn for nothing or play 44 . . followed by 44 Ra2. . (b) 47 . .Ra3 If 42 . but if 46 . . N X d5 44 R X d6. . . especially since the bishop is now operating at full power.47 Be6 and 48 d6 with a winning attack.Rd8 43 Bc6 +. or if 47 . .Nc3 + 48 Kc4 Re3 (48 . . or 44 .KdB 48 Rd7 + KcB 49 R£7 KdB 50 Kc4 N£4 . White therefore chooses another way to defend the pawn and also forces the black rook off the back rank for a reason that soon becomes clear. If 43 . . . White gets a powerful attack while the black rook remains totally passive. 47 Rf7 Threatening 48 B X d5 R X d 5 + 49 Kc6. . He could try 43 . . . it looks as if 47 Rh7 would be even stronger because of the immediate attack on the pawn and the same threat to win the rook. . . 141 Diagram 3 44 Rb6+ Kc7 45 BeG N Xd5 46 Rb7+ KcB An awkward square in some variations. However.) 48 b5 with a winning position. (d) 47 . . Kd8 47 Rd7 + forces him back.Rc3 +. . Ne2 (not 42 . . . .N X d5? 43 Be4) 43 Kc4 Ra3 !. R X £3 44 Ra6 Nd3 45 Bc6 + Kc7 46 Ra7 + Kc8 47 Ka5 Ne5 (or 47 . N£4 48 R X h6 £5 49 R£6 Rd2 50 R X £5 R X h2 5 1 R X g5 and the widely separated pawns win easily. winning the rook. .K£8 5 1 b5) 5 1 R£7 and wins.

Rh8 + 63 Bg8 + Kc6 64 Rg4 R X h2 (or 64 . 1 42 . the move chosen checks the king where he wants to go .d5+ If 51 . d5 + 52 Kc5 Kc8 53 Kd6 Kb8 54 b6. Rb3 was the best chance. . If 53 . . 55 . 56 Rh4 Rh3 57 RXg4 Ne2 If 57 . . . . . . 5 1 . (b) his rook is active and cuts off the enemy king. or 5 1 . . threatening both 53 R X h6 and 53 Rf7. R X h2 63 b7 Rh8 + 64 Bg8 + Kc6 65 b8/N + I Kb7 66 Rb4 + Ka7 67 Kc7 and mates . 58 Kc7 Not 58 B X d5? Nc3 when Black sacrifices the knight for both pawns. . 5 1 . . (b) 52 Rd7 + Kc8 53 K X d3 Ne5 + 54 Ke4 N X d7 55 Kf5 Ne5 56 Bd5 Kc7 57 K X f6 Kb6 and Black survives . Nd3 58 Rg3 wins. . . . Kc7 52 R X f4? Ra3 would allow Black to regain his piece with a drawn ending. rook ending 58 .Ng6 1 . when it is by no means clear that he can win. but not quite adequate If instead 60 . if 62 . . .Rb 1 53 b7 and the threat of 54 Rf8 + wins) 53 Kb5 Rb 1 + 54 Ka6 Ra 1 + 55 Kb7 and wins. but contains some interesting tactical turns . . . Kb6 etc. Similar variations and in fact all direct attempts to stop the pawn fail. 52 Kc5 Not of course 52 B X d5? N X d5 53 Rf8 + Ke7.Rd 1 52 b6 Rc l + (52 .Kc5 63 Rd2 K Xb6 64 Rc2 1-0.Ke7 53 RXh6 Rc3 + Something o f a dilemma for Black. but White keeps a clear Diagram 4 advantage. e. 6 1 RXd4 Kd6 62 B Xd5! White stops the mate by means of a discovered check. . .5 1 RX£6 At first sight 5 1 b5 seems to win rapidly. . . . Kd6 6 1 Rg6 + Kc5 62 b7 and wins . However. White then has: (a) 52 K X d3 Ne5 + 5 3 Ke4 N X f7 5 4 Kf5 Ke7 55 b6 Ne5 56 Bd5 Nd7 57 b7. 62 . If now 62 . . . The remainder of the game is not too difficult. . threatening the pin 59 Re4. The right way would be 52 Kb5. Rh7 59 b6 KeG + 60 Kd8 Nd4! Highly ingenious.Ne6 58 B X d5. R X f3 54 B X d5 N X d5 55 K X d5 leaves White with an almost certain win because (a) his king is active and supports the passed pawn. . . . . leaving the theoretically drawn (though difficult) rook + bishop vs.K X b6 65 h4 etc ) 65 Rg6 +. . . 54 Kb6 RX£3 55 b5 (Diagram 4) g4? A serious mistake which loses rapidly.g. and (c) his other pawn is secure. 52 . or if 57 . . . but Black has the extraordinary defence 5 1 .

. Ng6 25 N X f6 + R X f6 26 Bg5 Re6 27 Bg4) 25 e X d5 Rf6 (to force the exchange of the bishop) 26 B X e5 (26 Bg5? N X f3 1 ) d X e5 27 c3 and White stands a little better.GAME 38 White: Karpov Black: Polugaevsky Candidates' Quarter-final. as . one of which however is shortly exchanged. Black's advantages are of the dynamic kind. White for his part has a strongpoint at d5 and for the moment a useful pair of bishops. is also of interest. nor 24 . in fact he is under severe pressure for some time. Black's own backward d-pawn is traditionally difficult to attack in this type of game. which illustrates some deceptive positional features. . . Still. . .g he must see to his e-pawn. as might appear at first glance. so he needs to play fairly sharply to make them felt before White has a chance to fasten onto d5. For the time beir. 24 Rgfl Bb6 25 Rd2 Be3 ! A good plan. . White is not forced to capture. All this in addition to his normal prospects of play in the Diagram 1 c-file. and 1 43 . 1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 d6 3 d4 c Xd4 4 N Xd4 Nf6 5 Nc3 a6 6 Be2 e5 7 Nb3 Be7 8 0-0 BeG 9 f4 Qc7 10 a4 Nbd7 1 1 Kh 1 0-0 12 Be3 e Xf4 1 3 RXf4 Ne5 14 Nd4 Rad8 15 Qg 1 Rd7 16 Rd 1 Re8 17 Nf5 Bd8 18 Nd4 Ng6 19 Rff l Ne5 20 Bf4 Qc5 2 1 N XeG Q Xg 1 + 22 R X g 1 RXeG (Diagram 1 ) Black has at least equality at this stage.there is more than a hint of Emmanuel Lasker here . . Ba5 is less effective after 24 Nd5 N X d5 (not 24 . 25 . when White is making excellent use of his strongpoint. Ng6 is a distinct possibility 23 Bf3 Neg4 23 . Ne3 26 B X e3 B X e3 27 Rd3 would leave his game lifeless. .and the final phase. . 37. Karpov certainly does not have things all his own way from the start. the patient way he defends himself and makes the most of his slender chances is impressive in itself . 1 974 Sicilian Defence This game is a companion piece to No. . 26 B Xe3? This is wrong because the black knight now reaches the classical Sicilian square c4 and is the main cause of White's future troubles. while his e-pawn is strengthened. Moscow. His knight is ideally posted at e5 and there is potential pressure against White's e-pawn. N X f3 25 g X f3.

. . . .g5. . Diagram 2 1 44 . If 3 1 g3 Ne5 32 Rd4 Nfg4 + 33 B X g4 N X g4 + 34 Kg 1 Ne3 35 Re i Nc4 36 Rb l (36 b3? Ne5 37 Nd5 R X c2 38 R X c2 N£3 + ). . Nc4. Nevertheless. the occupation of c4 is then by no means as serious as in the game and the position is about equal. 3 1 g4 £4 and the knight obviously dominates the board. which is played soon anyway as part of the plan to attack the e-pawn. . . Therefore the king is centralised to give protection to the cl-pawn. Black's best plan however would be 3 1 .26 B X g4 N X g4 (26 . . . then the rook to c7 to produce threats like . 28 Kg 1 Rc7 29 K£2 White's Q-side position with knight at c3 and pawn at b2 is very brittle and easily upset by such moves as . or go in for favourable complications: 28 . . keeping his options open and . White is holding on. . . . Rc5 1. . .N Xe3 27 Rb 1 In anticipation of . winning a pawn). . 26 . . After 27 Re 1 Nc4 28 Rd4 Black could simply retain his pressure by 28 . . . 29 Nc4 30 Rd3 g5 3 1 h3 Karpov may have been relying on his 32nd move to get himself out of trouble. . This turns out to be insufficient. . . . Rc7. .b5-b4. the earlier comments about playing sharply still hold good and he might have improved things with 27 . 27 . N X b2 29 Rb 1 Rc7 30 R X b2 R X c3 3 1 R X b7 R X c2 32 R X d6 (32 Rb8 + Re8 is worse) Rc l + 33 Rd 1 (or 33 Bd 1 R X e4 34 Rb8 + Ne8 35 Kg 1 g6) R X d 1 + 34 B X d 1 R X e4 35 Rb8 + Re8 36 R X e8 + N X e8 and Black should win. . N X b2. . B X d2? 27 B X e6 loses material) 27 Re2 B X £4 28 R X £4 Ne5 29 Nd5 is best. . There is no hurry for . and Polugaevsky's choice of the safe king move could well be explained by time-pressure. Nc4. but the more natural 3 1 g3 also does not seem to save him. so he might have tried to re-group by 29 Re2 (which he may have avoided on account of . though Black obviously keeps a strong initiative. though his game would remain dangerously passive. After 27 . . g5-g4) Nc4 30 Nd 1 (not 30 Nd5 N X d5 3 1 e X d5 R X e2 32 B X e2 Nd2 33 Re 1 Nb3. If 28 Nd5 NfX d5 29 e X d5 Re5 30 h3 (the only way to save the cl-pawn) £5 1 . g5 28 Re2 Nc4 29 b3 (or 29 Re 1 g4 30 Bd 1 Nd2 3 1 Ra 1 Nd X e4 and the g-pawn is safe because of the fork at £2) Ne5 30 Re3 g4 3 1 Be2 White is under a lot of pressure . Nc4( X b2) and .K£8 (Diagram 2) The plan is to bring the knight to c4. because White will not voluntarily weaken himself by b3.

e. 34 . Rc5 36 Rbd l R X d5 (36 . Polugaevsky should now have played the move which has been recommended for positional reasons (32 .and the e-pawns in danger. when White has nothing better than the exchange of knights. Diagram 3 accentuates his black-square grip by another fixing move. or 33 . N X e4 + immediately. . . . so White can only choose between 33 N X f6 and some counter-attacking move like 33 b4 (if 33 b3 Na3 wins a pawn. . winning the e-pawn. . In his restricted state White would have great difficulty coping with the threat of . . . . . .providing this rook with several opportunities for play along the fourth rank. or if 33 Nc3 g4). after 35 g X f3? g4! 36 R X h5 g X f3 37 K X f3 Rc4 Black is not too badly off. . especially in the run-up to the time-control. Both can be disposed of quickly: if 33 b4 ReS. .g. The fact is though that the bishop is the better piece. . inferior bishop and now . . After 32 .Ke7 37 R X c5 d X c5 3S Rd5) 37 R X d5 and White has a winning positional advantage. . One can sympathise with Polugaevsky. . but which is good this time because of its tactical effect.Rc5 the threats are 33 . . . g4 and 34 .g. Ironically. winning a pawn. as soon becomes clear. 33 b4 ReS 34 N X f6 R X f6 35 Kg3 h4 + 36 Kf2 Nb6. (b) 35 . N X f3 is not a very promising alternative. . .h4 With the unfortunate exchange at move 32 Black's chances for active play have largely vanished and it is White's occupation of d5 and pressure on the d-file which have become the relevant features.b5-b4. leading into something like the main variation. although it should really have lost. g4 + 36 Ke3 Rc4 37 Rd4. which would put both the c. . R X d4 3S c X d4 Ke7 39 Rc l Kd7 40 Rfl l and 37 . g4. . . . but with an additional weakness in his pawn structure. e. when both 37 . . . who apparently still has a good ending with knight vs. Nb6 32 N Xd5? 33 RXd5 Ne5 34 c3 (Diagram 3) Suddenly the game has swung round. . so this sharper move. .h5 32 Nd5 ! ? 32 g3 Rc5 would b e similar to the line suggested above. but 35 K X f3 1 leaves White very well placed. . . . Rce7 36 Re l (not 36 R X g5 R X e4 37 R X h5 Re3 + 1 45 . may be the best chance in practice. b5 3S aXb5 a X b5 39 h X g4 h X g4 40 Rf l put most of the black pawns into serious trouble. 34 . Rc5). 3 1 . .: (a) 35 . If 33 N X f6 R X f6 and Black wins a pawn by the twin threats of 34 . (c) 35 .

Ng6 or . Soon the bishop also supports the advance and the initiative begins to generate threats in a remarkably short time. . . . . 36 . . 43 b6+ ! (Diagram 4) Kd7 If 43 . . 40 Bg4 wins at least a pawn.b6 4 1 b5 a X b5 42 c X b5 Rc5 43 a X b6+ K X b6 1 46 Diagram 4 44 R X d6 + wins easily. . . . Rf6 to the text move. . .38 Kf2 Re2 + 39 Kg 1 Rc2 with very strong counterplay) g 4 + (or 36 .g.b6 may be the best chance. . . while any other king move loses the cl-pawn with worse to follow. Nd7. . . . . e. If 39 . .Kc6 44 Ke3. . The move played takes advantage of the temporary pin on the bishop and also the fact that the attractive . R X d5 46 R X d5 is equally fatal. threatening mate. . 40 . or 36 . . . but then 40 b4 threatens 4 1 b5. .£6 37 aS ReS 37 . Nc6 would only give him the temporary satisfaction of attacking the rook. 35 Kg3 h4 + 36 Kf2 Rc4 37 Rd4 Rc5 and he has some hopes of keeping the balance.Rf6 + 37 Ke3 Re5 38 Red 1 Ke7 39 a 5 1 and White has a multitude of possibilities on the Q-side. After that 42 b6 + 1 Kc6 43 Bd l is devastat­ ing. or c4. If then 40 . 38 Be2 Kd8 39 c4 Kc7 What else? 39 . 35 Rbd l Ke7 36 R ld4 Now the rooks are beautifully placed and Karpov throws his entire Q-side forward.Ng6 4 1 b5 a Xb5 It may still not be quite clear how White is going to engineer a break­ through here.f6 37 h4. Black should nevertheless have preferred 34 . 42 c Xb5 Rc2 The best chance. If now 40 . Kd7 46 Bg4 + is unplayable and 45 . . . and if then 44 . But it is too late. . 40 b4 After this Black is lost whatever he does. . . . Rc5. R 1 d3 and Rb3) 37 h X g4 h X g 4 + 38 Kf4 f6 (otherwise 39 Rg5) 39 a51 and it can only be a matter of time before one of Black's weak points falls. such as c4-c5. . . trying for a counter-attack with rook and knight. . R X e2 + 45 K X e2 Nf4 + 46 Kd2 N X d5 47 e X d 5 + Kc5 48 d X e6) 45 Bd 1 1 seems the most precise. as 45 . . Rc5 (44 . . but we get the first glimpse of the real power of his position if Black tries to avoid giving him a passed pawn by playing 4 1 . as he keeps an extra tempo that way. After 38 Rd2 the pawns would advance in much the same way. White gets a driving attack against the king.b X a5 4 1 R X a5 leaves White a choice between the continued bombardment of the a-pawn and the creation of a passed pawn by b5 etc.

However. in addition to this Black has control of the c-file. . . The game now enters a tactical phase. An impressive display of the power of White's small attacking force. .44 Ke3 is answered by 44 . . Meanwhile the threats of Bg4 and Bb5 + have to be dealt with. threatening 4S Rb2 while .b X a6 47 B X a6. . Black tries . . R X e2 + 45 K X e2 Nf4 + 46 Kf3 N X d5 47 R X d5 Kc6 and White will be hard put to win. and since 45 .ReS 46 aG KeG If 46 . 44 Rd2! But this is the killer. and if then 47 . . 1 976 Queen's Indian Defence which his next move emphasises. if 45 . . Black must capture in view of the Bg4 threat. . Kc6 46 Rc2 + and 45 . 47 Rb2! Accurate to the end. . . active minor pieces and a potential outpost at e4. Ne7 4S Rb2 Nc6 49 Bb5 ReS 50 Rc2 and wins. This advantage hes more in positional factors than in the extra £-pawn. 44 . giving rise to some dehghtful variations. 45 . 1 47 . which in itself would be very hard to exploit. . after which the small advantage he has gained from the opening will persist. . GAME 39 White : Uhlmann Black: Karpov Skopje. . with Karpov Diagram 1 1 c4 N£6 2 Nc3 eG 3 N£3 bG 4 e4 Bb7 5 Qe2 Bb4 6 e5 Ng8 7 d4 Ne7 8 Qd3 d5 9 e XdG c XdG 10 a3 B Xc3 1 1 Q Xc3 Nd7 12 Be2 Rc8 13 0-0 0-0 1 4 Bg5 hG 15 Bh4 Qe8 16 Bg3 N£5 17 B£4 b5 18 Bd3 Qe7 19 B X£5 e X£5 20 Rfe 1 Q£6 2 1 d5 RXc4 22 Q X£6 N X£6 23 B Xd6 (Diagram l ) Black is about to recover the centre pawn. R X e4 46 Bb5 + KcS (or 46 .N£4 48 a7 Ra5 49 Bc4 1 -0 (50 Ra2 follows). .R Xd2 45 RXd2 And now. . Ke7 4 7 a6 and the pawn is unstoppable) 4 7 Rc2 + KbS 4S a6 b X a6 49 B X a6 ReS (49 . ReS is impossible. . . . . 47 a7 ReS 4S Bh5 wins a piece. . Ke7 46 a6 are suicidal. but Karpov wants at least a rook out of this position I 47 . . Ne7 50 b7 Rb4 5 1 ReS + Ka7 52 RaS + ) 50 b7 Ne7 5 1 Re2 and a sub­ sequent Bb5 wins everything. . .

. 27 . Rd8 24 Be7. if now 29 Rf l (other rook moves are worse) Rc2 30 Nd6 (or 30 b4 Re2.Nd3 (Diagram 2) Suddenly the black pieces give an impression of great power. . In the resulting open position it might well be difficult for Black to co-ordinate his bishop and knight. Nh4 ! 28 . . . simply 3 1 . . or 30 Rb5 Be4 3 1 f3 Bd3 followed by . . . . after the move chosen and the further moves . Rg4 + and . . . 25 . In view of this 1 48 . or 30 f3 Rc2 etc. Passive play would certainly lose in the long run because of Black's numerous advantages. 23 . If here 3 1 Ne4. . R8c7 28 N X c4 R X c4 Diagram 2 29 R X e5 Nf4 30 g3 (not 30 R X b5 B X g2 3 1 Ra5 Bf3 32 R X a7 Rc2 with a winning attack) Nh3 + 3 1 Kf 1 Rc2 32 Re2 . in that after 26 N X b 5 f X e5 27 Nd6 R8c7 28 N X c4 R X c4 29 R X e5 the aggressive move 29 .g. . . Ba6 + as well as 32 . e.£6 26 N X£5 There seems to be a slight difference between the two possible captures. Rc2. .fXe5 27 Nd6 Black's attack would fade away after 27 . . .consistently aiming at creating better prospects for his own pieces and refusing to win material prematurely.N Xd5 25 Nd4! Sacrificing at once.. . so Black must win at least a pawn in these variations . so in certain circumstances Uhlmann is prepared to give up both minor pieces for a rook and pawn. . . . since the d-pawn is lost anyway. 24 Be5 The bishop has no real business at d6 and this move also prepares Nd4. . N X f5. R X b2 or if 3 1 Nf5 Rf6. or 30 g3 Nh3 + 3 1 Kf 1 Be4.Rfc8 Naturally he has no wish to provoke the trebling of his pawns by 23 . On the other hand. Nf4 gives Black a clear advantage. . 24 . 30 R X f5 N X g2 31 Rd 1 Nh4. especially since Black could have chosen 28 . . . . . .N£4 28 N Xb7 If 28 N X c8 R X c8 29 R X e5 N X g2 30 R X b5 Ba8 3 1 Ra5 Rc7 32 Rd 1 Black keeps his initiative going by 32 . . . threatening 32 . . 26 . . . Karpov decides to return all the material in exchange for a more definite positional gain a knight anchored at d3. This variation is perhaps not very convincing.b X c4( 1) 29 R X e5 Nf4-d3.Rcc2) R8c6 3 1 N X b 5 RXb2 32 N X a7 Rc7 or 32 Rab 1 a6 and wins. which maintains a clear advantage However. to which Karpov reacts by going along with White's plan and then declining the bait at the last moment. threatening 3 1 . .

White continues to stir up complications . . . 32 . but White has some hopes of a draw. . .Nd4 Threatens not only 34 .N£4 38 Kg 1 Nd3 Finding the weak spot. 40 . . especially because of his vulnerable back rank. . . . . .Ne2 + 37 Kh2 37 Kf l Nf4 38 Kg l just transposes. . 35 . . e X f2 + (35 . Nc4 37 a4 b4 38 b3 is not very�lear . . . . . 30 . Rd7 is answered by 33 Re 1 (33 . Rc6 he has either 32 Rd 1 or 32 Nf5 ready. Black uses his knight as aggressively as possible. not 32 Rd 1 Nd4 winning the exchange. 29 Nd6 N X e 1 30 N X c4 Not of course 30 R X e 1 Rc l . he cannot allow Black to pick up the a-pawn as well (after . and if now 3 1 . If now 39 f3 Ne l wins the g-pawn and then the h-pawn. . 33 Rb 1 was necessary. the order being unimportant. or if 39 Rf8 Ra2 40 Nd6 a6 and wins a second pawn. . Therefore White takes off the a-pawn and centralises his knight. 33 Rc 1 ? White probably missed one o f the threats posed by Black's next move and this costs him a pawn.37 h3 Ne5 38 Ne4 Nf3 + 39 Kf 1 Rh2 and White must abandon the b-pawn by 40 Rd 1 ) 35 . . 34 RcB + Kh7 35 h4 (Diagram 3) Two squares because of the remote possibility of getting a a knight to f8 and g6. .Ng4 41 g3 Ne3 42 Kh 1 Diagram 3 1 49 . White is thus forced into a counter-attack. but Black easily strikes first. . Re2 3 6 Kf l ) 36 N X f2 Ne3. . . . . nor 30 N X c8 Nc2. . Also the white king has a little more air. The occupation of the seventh is bound to produce some benefit. .Nc2 3 1 Nd6 White needs to have seen some way into the position. Rd2 Again relying on a small but definite advantage.e4 34 Nc5 e3 35 Ne4 ! (not 35 f X e3 N X e3 36 g3 Ng4 ! 36 .RdB 32 Nb7 Forced. Now. as his pieces will not combine effectively. . which loses a piece. . Rb3) and have two connected passed pawns . . 39 Nd6 N X£2 40 RXa7 (Diagram 4) Now Nf5 and Ne8 are in the air. when Black would probably try to liquidate his weak pawn and open up the seventh by 33 . . combined with h5. which holds out little hope. whereas 32 . . . instead of the feeble 36 . 36 .R Xb2 36 RaB Forced.Nb3 and the white knight is trapped. 37 . . Ne2 + but (if 34 Rb 1 ) 34 . . .N X a3? 34 Nc5). 3 1 . Black obviously has a clear initiative here. Nc6. . 33 .

while 43 . Nf5? 44 g4 NX h4?? 45 R X g7 mate I) 44 R X g7 (44 N X g 7 + ? Kg4-h3) Black has 44 . For instance. . . . which is similar to the game. . . . (ii) 42 Rb7 Rg2 + 43 Kh 1 R X g3 44 N X b5 Rh3 + and wins. GAME 40 White: Vaganian Black Smyslov USSR. .Kg6 after 43 Ne8 Kg6 44 R X g7 + Kf5 (see the next note). . Nf5 or try the dubious Ne8 etc. The move chosen stops 42 .Rd2 Now White must either allow the destruction of his K-side by . R X b2?.Rd2 would leave Black a tempo worse off than 42 . 1 978 Grunfeld Defence (Diagram l ) This position is not as innocent as it appears. . Rg2 because of 43 Nf5 1 42 .Kg6 ! The threat o f a king march is still the best way. . 43 Rb7 If instead 43 Ne8 Kf5 1 (and not 43 . . . . 44 N X b5 N£5 45 g4 Or 45 a4 N X g 3 + 46 Kg 1 e4 47 Re7 Ra2 48 Nc3 Ra3 and if 49 N X e4 Re3 50 Re6 + Kf5. . . . if he now grabs a pawn by 1 9 . . . even though it involves sacrificing the g-pawn.N Xh4 (threatens 46 . because Black cannot do much more with the rook and knight alone. clearing the way for the e-pawn and also picking up the a-pawn (45 Ra7 Ra2) 43 . White's small advantage in development obliges Black to play with great care . The immediate 42 .1 . . . The rest is straightforward in any case.Kf5 and either win the g-pawn or march his king through to h3 with mating threats. Nc4. Nf3 and threatens 47 Nf6 1) Kg8 47 Rf l etc. .Diagram 4 Other tries are (i) 42 Ne4 Kg6 intending to dislodge the knight by . . 45 . . Nf5 in this line leads to a less clear position after 44 g4 N X h4 45 R X g 7 + Kh8 46 Rf7 (stops 46 . we have 20 R X b2 B X b2 2 1 Ne7 + 1 Kh8 1 50 1 N£3 d5 2 d4 N£6 3 c4 c6 4 e3 g6 5 Nc3 Bg7 6 Be2 0-0 7 0-0 e6 8 Qc2 Nbd7 9 Rd l b6 10 e4 d Xe4 1 1 N Xe4 Qc7 12 N X£6 + B X£6 13 Bh6 ReS 14 c5 bXc5 1 5 d Xc5 Rb8 16 Rab l Qa5 17 Nd4 QXc5 18 QXc5 N Xc5 19 N Xc6 . . . . Nf3) 46 Kg l Rg2 + 47 Kf l RXg4 48 Ra7 N£5 49 a4 h5 50 aS h4 5 1 Ra8 h3 0.

Whether this assessment was correct is debatable.g. . 20 . The presence of two pieces on each side. . e. 19 . . which really deserved a better fate. .Diagram 1 22 Bb5 and White surprisingly wins the exchange (22 . 22 B Xc6 B Xc6 23 B Xc5 Be4!. or if 20 . and 2 0 . (b) 1 9 . (3) The actual continuation. . . . Instead he returns the material at once and part of the fascination of this ending lies in the fact that he judges the position reached to be more favourable than having the exchange for a pawn. this will tie up at least one of the black pieces for a long time. supported by both rook and bishop. R X b2 or 21 . . (2) 22 R X d7 Rb6 1 23 B X c5 RXb5 24 B X a7 R X b2 25 R X b2 B X b2 should be safe enough. Rb7 20 Be3 Na4 (the only try. but at all events the ensuing play is most instructive. which leaves White a difficult choice. . . while his own king advances.Bd7 23 B X d7 R X e7 24 Bc6 is fatal). . . It has three distinct points : ( l ) 22 B X c5 R X c5 23 B X d7 is obviously pointless. . 24 b4!? B Xb 1 25 R X b 1 a6 (Diagram 2) 26 a4 White can now be certain of a passed pawn at b6.Rb6 ! 20 Be3 20 N X a7 is less good now on account of 20 . he is uncomfort­ ably placed. since both 20 . . if 24 Rbc l B X b2 25 Rc4 ReS 26 R X e4 R X c5 2 7 Ra4 should be a win. though it would be hard work. Nd7 2 1 N X a7 and the capture at b2 costs material) 2 1 N X a7 NX b2 (2 1 . keeping his rook active.RXc6 2 1 Bb5 Bd7 ! A clever defence. Ra8 (undesirable on general positional grounds anyway) 20 Be3. Simple defence of the a-pawn is also inadequate : (a) 1 9 . 2 1 B X a6 (if 2 1 Bf3 R X b2 is now quite safe) R X a6 22 Nb5 (not 22 Be3 R X a7 1 51 23 B X c5 R X a2 24 Ba3 Rb8 and Black is on top) R X a2 23 b4 Ne4 and Black has little to worry about. Smyslov finds the best chance. Ba6. The text move wins the exchange. increases the value of the passed pawn because of the extra tactical chances which they provide. preferring a different type of advantage. but White still achieves a favour­ able ending after a further flurry of complications. . . . though White would keep a slight advantage here. rather than just a pair of rooks. . . which White however soon decides to return. if 20 . . Bb7 2 1 Na5 Ba6 22 Bf3 Rac8 23 b4 Na4 24 b5 are disastrous. . Ne4 2 1 f3 Ng5 22 h4. . either for forcing the . .Na4 2 1 Bb5 Ji X b2 22 Bd4 ! N X d l 2 3 B X f6 etc. B X b2 22 Bb5) 22 Rdc l and although Black is still alive. winning the pawn. .

winning at least the h-pawn. followed by . . . . This is why White declines the following offer to exchange. . . who plans to settle on e4. and win the weak h-pawn and Black is strangely helpless to prevent this. . . 30 b6 Rb7 3 1 g4! Releasing the king.e5 becomes clear later 1 52 on (cf. . is likely to be too flimsy. . . 32 g5 1 . If 29 . . Bd8 35 Rd l + Ke8 36 Rd6 with advantage. . . . Rc2 3 1 Ra 1 ) 3 1 b7 Rc2 32 Bg5 1 Ke8 33 Rd1 is an example of what could happen. 26 .£5. The beauty of this move is that its theoretical drawbacks of restricting its own bishop and leaving a weakness at f5 are largely irrelevant.Kd7 (34 g5? Kd7) White would most likely centralise his king: 32 Kg2 Ke8 33 Kf3 Kd7 34 Ke4 and if 34 . . move 36). but with another idea in mind. The effect of .Ke8? 3 1 . Kf8 32 Rc8 + Kf7 33 Rc7) 32 Rc7 Kf8 33 b7. 27 Be3 Rb8 28 b5 a Xb5 29 a Xb5 K£8 Any delay in bringing the king across could be dangerous. . Ke5 41 Kg7 Kf5 42 h4 and wins) 4 1 Kg7 Ke4 42 K X h7 Kf3 43 K X g6 K X f2 44 Kf6 and wins ultimately by a queen check at g3. . and in any case the only other plausible moves. which is overlooked by Black. .Be7 The blockade with the bishop. . . . . nor 3 1 . g5) answering 32 Rc 1 by 32 . . . 26 . . e5 and .£5 30 b6 Rb7 3 1 Rc 1 Rb8 (not 3 1 . . . nor 31 .Diagram 2 advance of the pawn or for making threats on the other wing. while the fixing of the black h-pawn is what finally decides the game. . either on the back rank or on the h-file. .£6 is necessary (or perhaps even 3 1 . this pawn in fact (at b6) remains secure for another 24 moves 1 Black therefore uses the bishop on another diagonal to keep the enemy king at bay. . .. . For example. . 3 1 . Bd8 32 Rc8 Rd7 33 g3 with b7 to follow.Ke8 33 Rc8 + (33 Rc7? R X c7 34 b X c7 Kd7) Bd8. hoping to keep the rook more active. Kd7 33 Kg2 Kc6 34 Kf3 Bd8 35 Ke4 B X b6 36 R X b6 + RXb6 37 B X b6 KXb6 38 Ke5 Kc5 39 Kf6 Kd5 -40 K X f7 e5 ( 40 . . Bd6 32 Rc6 Rd7 33 g3 etc. . the attempt to win the b-pawn will always fail: 32 . 32 g5! The rest of the game turns on White's efforts to break through. .Rc8 27 Be3 Be5 28 b5 a X b5 29 a X b5 Bb8 30 b6 Kf8 (or if 30 . would further weaken his position and have serious consequences later. . . viz.

.Kd7 33 Kg2 BdG 34 h3 KeG 35 Re l + Kd5 Again a difficult choice. . 39 £3 ReB Not 39 . . RbS 37 Rd 1 + Kc6 3S Ke4 (threatens 39 R X d6 + ) Rb7 39 h4 leads into the last note. if 36 . (c) 36 . On the other hand bishop moves fail because the sensitive squares c5 and c7 both require protection: (a) 36 .g. . . . but he is in Zugzwang. BbS 37 ReS. . . . Bh2 37 ReS RbS 3S Rc5 + Kd6 39 Rc7 . . (b) 36 . . for the moment 36 ReS can be foiled by 36 . e. while the alternative 35 . . RbS 4 0 RXbS B X bS 4 1 Bf4 and wins) leads nowhere because the exchange sacrifice 40 R X bS R X bS 4 1 Ke5 Kd7 42 Kf6 KeS is not good enough. 35 . . blockade of the passed pawn by the king. In the last few moves before the time-control at move 40 White now probes a little. . heading for a5. .Be5 38 Rc5 + Kd6 39 Ke4 Bg7 40 ReS and 4 1 RgS. either by 44 .KeS 45 Kd6 KdS 46 Kc6 and 47 Bf4. 3G K£3 (Diagram 3) e5 Reluctantly. 40 Ra l BbB 4 1 Re l + Kb7 42 Rd l 42 Kd5 RdS + would now be pointless. . . keeping his main plan of h4-h5 in reserve.Rd7 permits 37 RcS(-hS) and if then 37 . .KeG 43 h4 Further gains are not to be made Diagram 3 . a combination of this idea and the advance h4-h5 should suffice: 3S h4 RbS (3S . because the back rank is le� exposed However. . . RbS. Kd7 36 Kf3 RbS 37 Ke4 Rb7 and now the direct attempt 3S Ra1 Kc6 39 RaS BbS ! (39 . . and 3S . .32 . Rb7 45 Kf6-g7Xh7 etc.B any along the a3-fS 1 53 diagonal 37 Rc7. . . or 44 . he could easily have slipped and allowed the rook to penetrate to the seventh or eighth rank. Rb7 40 Rc l + Kd7 4 1 Kd5 and Black is much worse off than in the game. (d) 36 . even if he wins the h-pawn However. . . Be7. . heading for dS. at the same time putting the rook in a more useful place. . . . 42 . . g X h5 40 Rh 1 would be very bad) 40 h6 RbS 41 Ra 1 Rb7 42 RaS BbS 43 RXbSI RXbS 44 Ke5 and White must win. Be5 37 ReS RbS(?) 3S Rc5 + and 39 R X e5. while 36 . . . All this as a result of 32 g 5 ! 37 Rd l + KeG 38 Ke4 Re7 Black takes the usual defensive measures. Since Black's position is so precarious. . since it represents another weakness after White's inevitable Ke4. .Kd7 would be passive. Bb4. are both worse on account of 39 Ke5) 39 h5 Rb7 (39 . . . .

simply 48 Rfl first) 47 B X f4 ReS + 48 Kf3 B X f4 (or 48 . g X h5. . e. . Rf7 5 1 Rd6 + Kb7 52 Ke6 is no improvement . presenting Black with fresh problems. (b) 59 . . and if 47 .£6 53 g X f6 R X f6 54 Rh8 Rf7 55 Rg8 KXb6 56 Rg7 Rf l 57 R Xh7 Rg 1 + 58 Kf4 g5 + 59 Kf5 when Black may try: (a) 59 . . so Black makes a suitable waiting move. . Black may move his rook to and fro. Kb7 47 h6 Rf7 48 Rg8-g7) 47 h6 Rf7 48 Ra8 1 (back to the Q-side l) and the threat of 49 Ra7 wins rapidly. (c) 59 . . g4 60 Re7 Rh 1 (or 60 . In the latter case the white h-pawn might seem so strong that a win in the rook ending is guaranteed. . which leaves the way open to White's king and rook. even though it exchanges off Black's weak pawn and his bad bishop) e X f4 (or 46 . . Rf8 46 f4 e X f4 47 B X f4 f5 + 48 g X f6 B X f4 49 K X f4 R X f6 + 50 Ke5 Rf5 + (50 . so White opens a second front. . . . . .on the Q-side or in the centre. .g. and permitting 45 h6. g3 6 1 Kg6 g2 62 Re2) 6 1 Kg6 g3 62 Re2 Rh2 63 Re 1 g2 64 Rg 1 and wins. First of all.the h-pawn is still lost) 51 Ke6 Rh5 52 Rd6 + (52 Rd7?? Re5 + is only a draw) Kb7 53 Rd7 + K X b6 54 R X h7 g5 55 Kf5 Kc6 56 Rh8 1 54 . . . . but analysis indicates that he might just have held on by avoiding this and playing the right waiting moves. . Rh 1 60 K X g5 Kc6 6 1 Rh8. . . .£5. (ii) 45 . Rf8 46 f4 (probably the only way to clear up the position. 44 hS (Diagram 4) We now reach the critical position. and his king dare not come any nearer to the K-side because of 62 h7. . if here 50 . f5 + can be eliminated: 45 g X f6 R X f6 46 Rd8 Bd6 (46 . . . threatening 48 f X g6 f X g6 49 Rf l . ReS 47 f5. . Diagram 4 52 Rd8. . . . Kc6 60 Rh8 Kb7 6 1 h7 Rh 1 62 Kg6 g4 63 ReS and wins. 52 Rd7 or 52 Ke5. since there is nothing to prevent White's king march Kd5-e6-f7-g8 after an exchange of rooks. 52 . at the same time contemplating . . 44 . 43 RfB King moves are out of the question because of 44 Rd7. 44 . . Rf8. Rf8 49 B X b8 R X b8 50 Kf4 ReS 5 1 Rd4 and Black must allow . . R X b6 5 1 Ke5 Rb5 + 52 Kf6 Rf5 + 53 Kg7 and wins) 49 K X f4 Re2 50 Rd8 Rf2 + 5 1 Kg3 Rf5 52 Kg4 (Diagram 5) and the loss of the h-pawn is fatal. . the choice is between taking this pawn. Secondly. . . . Black accordingly played 44 . ReS 45 h6 and now: (i) 45 . .

. . . e X f4?? 48 R X d6 + ) 48 f X e5 Be7 he is by no means certain to win. .Diagram 5 and wins without further difficulty . . ReS 45 h6 why not leave the rook at eB. RbB. Bc7 47 Ba7 K X b7 48 Rd7 would be bad). BbB 47 Rb l Re6 (or 47 . . . Bd6. or 47 . . . RdB. . but there is one more defensive move yet to be considered.Bd6 46 Rc l + Kb7 47 Rh l Ra8 Naturally the best chance is to activate his rook. . . . . . then White may not have a clear win at all.h X g6 46 Rh l Bd6 47 Rh7 Rf8 etc. Kd7 57 h7) 57 K X g5 Rg l + 58 Kf6 Rf l + 59 Kg7 Rg l + 60 Kh7 Kd6 6 1 Rg8 Rh l 62 Rg6 + etc . RbB (46 . 45 h X g6. . . . but this is certainly more stubborn than 45 . . . After 44 . as seems likely. 1 55 . . instead of capturing it. . since the alternative to 45 h6. and sometimes sheltering with the king behind the g-pawn. White would probably play 46 b7.setting up the position with rook at hB and pawn at h6. having lost the b-pawn without finding a breakthrough with the rook If this variation allows Black to escape. but White's patient handhng of the last phase of this ending is very impressive. Kc7 48 Rb6-f6. he refuses to win material prematurely and half the time he seems to be retreating. viz. 44 . so that the defending king dare not approach. Therefore 46 . . The play with the h-pawn in variations (i) and (ii) is similar .45 . . with Kd5 also soon following) 48 Rb6 + Kd7 49 Kd5 RXb6 50 B X b6 and Black is without a decent move. If 46 . . . . threatening 47 R X d6 + K X d6 48 Ba7 and leaving Black the choice between 46 . when White cannot win by hquidating 47 Rb l RXb7 48 R X b7 K X b7 49 Kd5 Kc7 50 Bc5 B X c5 5 1 K X c5 Kd7 52 Kd5 Ke81 5 3 K X e5 Ke7 54 f4 KeB 55 Kf6 KfB etc. . None of this seems at all promising. Black chose to capture. yet steady progress is always being made.RfB Since 46 Rc l + Kb7 47 Kd5 seems to lead nowhere after 47 . after which he is certainly lost. . After this enormous note we return to the game. Rh l (or 56 .f5 + 46 g X f6 R X f6 47 R X h5 Rf7 and White keeps only a minimal advantage 45 . making the breakthrough with f4 impossible without some major reorganisation of the position? The only good waiting move would be 45 . . also leads to nothing definite after 45 . .56 . . . If he tries 47 f4 R X b7 (47 .g Xh5 45 K£5 45 Rh l ? would be very loose play .Bc7 48 Ba7. BbB and 46 . .

. . In addition the rear £-pawn is a target. 5 1 K£5 Ra3 52 Re l Bb4 53 Rc l + Rc3 Or 53 . 19 . . 50 Rh l ! A very neat winning plan. The e-pawn will cost Black his bishop. . GAME 4 1 White: Timman Sombor. Black's chief headache is the threat £5.. . . and the next move is also the hrst time White actually wins material.Kc6 54 Ke4 etc. 50 . Kd7 5 1 R X h7 Ra4 + 52 K£5 Ra3 53 R X £7 + Ke8 (or 53 . Kb7 54 Rc7 + Kb8 55 Ke4. . since returning the exchange at move 2 4 1 57 K X£7 Bc3 58 B£4 1-0.Ra4+ There is nothing better. which has plagued him for so long.B£8 Waiting. . . and 56 R X £7 to follow 54 K£6 RXc l 55 B X c l e4 Diagram 6 56 fXe4 K Xb6 Only now does Black win this terrible pawn. Its dark side is that it is rather immobile and any attempt to advance it will result in weaknesses. His theoreti­ cal two-bishop advantage is of little value here.48 RXh5 Ra3 49 Ke4 Kc6 (Diagram 6) Another check is no use: 49 . . which needs to be 1 56 1 e4 c5 2 N£3 Nc6 3 d4 c Xd4 4 N Xd4 N£6 5 Nc3 d6 6 Bg5 e6 7 Qd2 a6 8 0-0-0 Bd7 9 £4 Be7 10 N£3 b5 1 1 B X£6 g X£6 12 Re l Qa5 13 Kb l 0-0-0 14 g3 Rhe8 15 Bh3 KbB 16 Re3 Qb6 17 Rhe l Na5 18 Qd4 Q Xd4 19 N X d4 (Diagram 1 ) Black's pawn structure is fairly common in this variation of the Sicilian and has the virtue of controlling a large number of . .Ra4 + 50 Kd5 Ra3 5 1 R X h7 1 R X e3 52 R X £7 + K X b6 53 K X d6 and White wins easily. leaving the king to do the donkey work of winning pawns . e5. if 50 . 1 974 Black: Deze Sicilian Defence centre squares and giving him the use of the g-file. since the rook now covers the £-pawn) 54 Ke6 1 R X e3 55 Ra7 will do very nicely. . the rook will defend the bishop. . . In the present position this immobility is the most relevant feature and Black is soon obliged to play . After 50 R X h7 the checks from the black rook would be a serious nuisance.

Nc4 is ineffective as White has a tactical stroke . . Black should now avoid exchanging by. . N X e3 22 e X d7) and the knight settles ideally on e5. .B X e2? 26 Nc6 + Kc7 27 N X d8 Bh5 28 g4 wins a piece) 26 Rd2 Kc7 27 Red l with advantage. winning the bishop back by 24 Nc6 or N£5 . .answered by a further defence of the e-pawn. though the difference is not easy to spot. . .g. . . Bc6 25 Bh5 Re7 Defending the second rank and generally keeping this rook active. . . . . b X c4 (if 27 . or even attempt an attack on the king. .or £-file. . . Black is then free and ready to take the initiative with his Diagram 1 bishops. e.Ne5. . b4 26 a3 and Black's pawns are weakened a bit more) 26 e X d 5 B X d5 27 B X d5 R X d5 28 Nc3 Rd2 29 R 1 e2. If here 2 1 . b4 2 1 Nd5 1 e X d5 22 B X d7 R X d7 23 e X d5. and if White is permitted to exchange. . Since 22 £5 would again be premature because of 22 . the knight will occupy e4 strongly. 27 .20 R3e2 and if 20 . . because if then 22 N X c6 + B X c6 2 3 Nd4 Bb7. 24 .Bg7. a5. 2 1 . . . also meeting the threat of 22 . R X d5 3 1 Nb6 Rdd8 32 Re 1 . 21 . The loss of tempo in bringing the bishop to c6 is a serious matter. . Bc6 25 Nc3 b4 26 Nd5 B X d5 27 e X d5 leaves White with some advantage because the black king is exposed. e5 25 Nb3 d5 1 . White may simply take the bishop or play 22 b3 Na3 + 23 Kb2 Nb5 24 N X b5 BXb5 25 N X e 7 1 R X e7 (25 .N Xd4(?) This is wrong. R£8 26 Na5 Ba8 27 c4 is strong. 20 Bg4 Preparing to attack the rear £-pawn and aroiding the premature 20 f5? Nc4 2 1 f X e6 f X e6 (2 1 . White would probably bide his time with 22 c3.Nc6 21 Nce2 Intending to keep a knight at d4 to support f5. . Kc7 30 Nb6 with Rc 1 + and many other attacking chances) 30 e X d5 B X d5 (or 30 . . . and however Black plays. . If 25 . the b-pawn becomes very weak) 28 N X c4 d5 29 Rb3 + Ka7 (29 . . White could then switch his rooks to the d. 24 Nb3 24 Ne2. . The natural-looking 19 . but even better is 25 B£3 d5 (or 25 . or 29 . is an alternative method. Bb7 30 Na5 Rd7 3 1 e X d5. . to avoid weakening d5. . or here 1 57 . 22 N X d4 Bg7 23 £5 ! e5 Avoidance of this move would condemn him to perpetual defence of e6. . aiming directly at d5. .N X d4 23 N X d4 f5. 20 . . . . . . .b4 the d-pawn remains backward. . . . the thrust 24 f5 is wrong on account of 24 . If then 24 . say.

Rd8 ! But this is the problem. . d5 and organising Bd l -b3-d5. Be7 36 Nb3 Bf8 37 Na l Bh6 38 Nc2 Bb7 39 Ne3 (there appears to be no clear way of defending the e-pawn. . Diagram 2 if 39 g4. 29 . bad bishop ending where the subsequent occupation of the central point would be rapidly decisive. and if he doubles rooks.Rc7 28 Rd3 B£8 29 a3 The next phase begins. Bb7 38 Bd5 Bc8 39 g4. intending Rg 1 . h4 and g5.B£4 1 etc.) B X e3 40 ReXe3 Rcd7 and White claims a small advantage. (b) 35 . . then 39 . . After 36 . preventing . White has altogether too many threats) 3 1 Bf3 ! B X f3 (if 3 1 . .Rdc8 30 c3 Ka7 3 1 Kc2 Kb6 32 b4 Be7 33 Bh5 B£8 34 Kb2 The plan is to reach d5 with his bishop and force an exchange. White needs two of his pieces to prevent . At the same time his king is holding up White's 1 58 . obtaining a classic knight vs. . . . . . d5. in which White makes some space gains on the Q-side and secures his knight. B X c4 32 Rb7 + Ka8 33 R X f7 + wins comfortably) 32 R X f3 and the twin advantages of an exposed enemy king and a fine square foc his knight at e4 leave White with a winning ending. . the bishop is still required at f3 to defend the e-pawn. . 34 . but they indicate that a waiting policy was Black's best chance. Rd2 32 Re 1 .3 1 . . . 36 Bd l Rc4(!) The best chance in practice . 27 . . d5 is now impossible because Black has been obhged to post his rook on e7. . . These are only sample variations. 27 . 37 N X c4 b Xc4 38 Rd2 Rd8 39 B£3 Bh6 He pins his hopes on the fact that the break g5 is difficult for the opponent to achieve without a pawn sacrifice. . . 35 B£3 Re8(?) Black wrongly permits the bishop manoeuvre. reducing White's scope a httle) 40 Rdc3 Be7 4 1 a X b5 a X b5 42 c X b5 R X c3 + 43 R X c3 R X c 3 + 44 K X c3 KXb5 45 Kb3 d51 and White must go for the draw by 46 e X d5 B X b4 47 Nc6 etc. . White has two ways of trying to make progress: (a) 35 . If he just waits. and he is horribly cramped. 26 Na5 Ba8 27 B£3 (Diagram 2) This is the point referred to in the note to Black's 2 1 st move. . threatening both 33 Nc8 + and 33 Rc7 + . . .Be7 36 Kb3 Rdc8 37 Re 1 Bf8 38 c4 Be7 39 a4 Bf8 (Black avoids exchanging. . Rd8 37 Bb3 Bg7 38 Bd5 Black cannot expect to survive. . . If here 37 .

potential passed pawn. The trouble is that his pawn structure is so weak that White can well afford a temporary sacrifice to open up the game. 40 Rg2 BeG Restraining a4 and b5, while his king will defend the d-pawn. 41 h4 Ke7 42 g4 Rg8 43 g5! (Diagram 3) There is no point in further preparation. If 43 Reg l Be3, or if 43 Rg3 (for Re2-g2) B£4, or if 43 Rh l Rg7 etc. 43 . . .fXg5 44 £6? But now Timman gets his move­ order wrong. The right way is 44 Bh5 1 and now (a) 44 . . .Rg7 45 £6; (b) 44 . . .Be8 45 £6, followed by 46 Reg l , winning the pawn; (c) 44 . . . £6 45 B£7 Rg7 46 B X c4 g X h4 47 R X g7 B X g7 48 Bd5 and Black is quite lost. 44 . . .Rg6 45 h Xg5 White may have intended 45 Bh5 R X £6 46 h X g5 etc., and now seen that 45 . . . g X h4! 46 B X g6 h X g6 is actually in Black's favour. For the double exchange he has two united passed pawns, his bishops are aggressively placed ready to support them, the white pawns are blocked and above all the rooks can get no play. Since a variation such as 47 Rh l B X e4 48 R X h4 B X g2 49 R X h6 (threatening 50 R X g6) Kd7 50 a4 Bc6 5 1 a5 Ke6 is hopelessly lost, White could only wait while the pawns advance. 45 . . .B Xg5 46 Bh5 Giving back the exchange is the only chance to win. Again, if he simply allows the £-pawn to be taken, Black gets more than

enough compensation. The next few moves are fairly straight­ forward. 46 . . .Be l + 47 K X e l R Xg2 48 B X £7 R£2 49 B X e4 RX£6 50 B X a6 R£4 5 1 Bd3 h5 Black may reasonably expect to draw now, as his passed pawn is quite dangerous and White's pieces are temporarily tied up. 52 Kd2 Nothing can be done until the rook is reheved of its defensive burden. If 52 b5 (or 52 c4 Kb6 53 b5 Bb7 54 Kd2 Kc5 55 Ke3 R£8, with . . . Ra8 or . . .Rh8 to come and Black's king is ideally placed) Bb7 53 a4 Ka5, White has obviously advanced \ , :_· prematurely. 52 . . .h4 53 Ke3 Rg4 53 . . . h3, making fuller use of the passed pawn, is at least as good, e.g. 54 Rh l Rh4 55 Rh2 (or 55 c4 h2 and White can do nothing except 56 K£3 R£4 + 57 Kg2 B X e4 + 58 B X e4 R X e4 59 R X h2 R X c4, with a draw) Kb6 56 K£3 R£4+ 57 Kg3 B X e4 58 B X e4 R X e4 59 R X h3 Kb5,
Diagram 3

1

-

1 59

drawing comfortably. 54 Rf l (Diagram 4) Rg7(?) Black begins to go astray. This defensive move is unnecessary and 54 . . . h3 is still the best, e.g. 55 Rf7 + Kb6 56 Rh7 (otherwise . . . Rh4) Rg3 + 57 Ke2 Rg2 + 58 Kf3 Ra2, drawing easily. Now White has a chance to re-organise a little. However, Black is still safe. 55 Rf3 Bd7 Round about here . . . d5 is naturally a mistake, giving White three passed pawns and leaving Black with a weak centre pawn. 56 Bf l Bg4 Otherwise White gets a secure blockade by Bh3. 57 R£6 h3? It is strange that Black avoids the natural 57 . . . Rh7. If then 58 a4? h3 wins a piece; so 58 Kf2 is necessary, when 58 . . . Bd7 holds up the pawns. After that 59 Kg2 Bc6 60 Bd3 h3 + 61 Kh2 Rh8 62 Rf3 Ra8 63 K X h3 R X a3 64 Bc2 (or 64 c4 Rb3 65 b5 Kb6 and White will never lift the blockade) Kb6 etc. again leaves White no winning chances. As played, Black lands in a very precarious situation. 58 Rh6 Bd7 Indirectly defending the pawn because of . . . Rg3 + . But now White's forces are much more aggressively placed and he can advance on the other side . 59 a4! So that if 59 . . . B X a4 60 B X h3, and with the king chained to his d -pawn White should win. Further­ more the white bishop is now free and if Black just waits, say 59 . . . Kb7, then 60 Bb5 (not

60 R X d6 h2 6 1 Rh6 Rg 1 ) B X b5 (or 60 . . . Bg4 61 a5, with Bc4, Bd5( +) and b5 in mind) 6 1 aXb5 Rg3 + 62 Kd2 Kc7 63 c4 Rg2 + (or 63 . . . Rb3 64 Kc2 R X b4 65 Kc3 and 66 R X h3) 64 Kc3 Rg3 + (if 64 . . .h2 65 c5 and Kc4 when required) 65 Kb2 Rg2 + 66 Ka3 Rg3 + 67 Ka4 Re3 68 c5 d X c5 69 b X c5 R X e4 + 7 0 Ka5 Re3 7 1 Ra7 + Kc8 72 Kb6 and wins. 59 . . .Rg3 + 60 Kd2 Bg4 ! Black is still fighting. He has in mind a further pawn sacrifice, which however appears to be just insufficient to draw . 6 1 Rh7+ A useful move, because 6 1 . . . Kb6? 62 a5 + Kc6 63 b5 + Kc5 64 Rc7 is mate. If 6 1 . . . Kc6 62 Bb5 + Kb6 63 c4 ! and the mate threat costs Black his rook. 61 . .Kb8 62 Rh4 Necessary, because if 62 a5 Rg2 + 1 63 Ke 1 (or 63 Ke3 Rg3 + , repeating, or 63 Kc l Rg 1 , or 63 Kd3 Rf2 1
.

Diagram 4

1 60

Diagram 5

64 B X h3 Rf3 +) Ra2 64 B X h3 (otherwise . . . h2 and . . . Bf3) Rh2 65 B X g4 R X h7 and a draw should result. 62 . . .d5 ! The point of his 60th move. Black actually has little choice; if he waits by 62 . . . Be6 or . . . Kb7, the white pawns are ready to roll, or if 62 . . . Bf3 63 R X h3 R X h3 64 B X h3 B X e4 65 c4, he has no real chance of survival. 63 e Xd5 e4 White's rook is temporarily out of play and the following exchange sacrifice has to be made If instead 64 a5 e3 + 65 Ke 1 Rg 1 , and the threat of 66 . . .e2 forces it anyway. 64 RXg4 (Diagram 5) RXg4 The alternative is to try an ending with rook against bishop and three pawns, in which a blockade of sorts can be set up. However, White should still win, as follows: 64 . . e3 + 65 Kd3 (not 65 Ke2 R X g4 66 B X h3 Rc4 with a draw) R X g4 66 B X h3 Rg3 67 Bd7 1 e2 +

68 K X e2 R X c3 69 a5 Rb3 (69 . . . Ra3 70 d6 Kb7 7 1 Kd2(-c2-b2) is no better) 70 b5 Ra3 7 1 a6 Kc7 72 Bc6 Ra 1 and now, as long as the black king remains at c7, his opposite number will find no shelter from checks simply by advancing up the board. A pawn sacrifice is needed to enable him to reach c5: 73 Kd2 Ra3 74 Kc2 Ra 1 75 Kb3 Ra5 (75 . . . Kd6 76 Kb4 Rb 1 + 77 Ka5 Kc5 78 b6 1 Ra1 + 79 Ba4 and wins) 76 Kb4 Ra 1 77 a7 1 R X a7 78 Kc5 Ra1 79 d6 + Kd8 (79 . . .Kc8 and . . . Kb8 lead to similar finishes) 80 b6 Rc 1 + 8 1 Kb5 Rb 1 + 82 Ka5 Rb2 (or 82 . . . Ra1 + 83 Ba4 Rb 1 84 Ka6 Ra1 85 b7 R X a4 + 86 Kb5) 83 Ka6 and wins. 65 B Xh3 e3 + If 65 . . . Rg3 66 Bf5 e3 + (66 . . . Rd3 + 67 Kc2 Re3 68 a5 etc ) 67 Ke2 and White can even play Be4-f3 and K X e3 before advancing his own pawns. 66 K Xe3! This is the real point. Four advanced pawns with their king ideally placed easily outrun a rook, even in the presence of the enemy king. 66 . . .Rg3 + 67 Kd4 RXh3 68 e4 Ke7 69 Ke5 Rh8 70 b5 Rea With four pawns White has no worries about checks, either from the side or from behind . 7 1 b6+ Kb8+ 72 Kb5 Rh8 73 aS Rh 1 74 a6 Rb 1 + 75 KeG Ra 1 76 d6 1-0.

1 61

GAME 42

White: Romanishin Black: Ubilava USSR, 1 979 Reti Opening 20 Nd6? will not work, by the way; after 20 . . . B X d6 2 1 d X e6 Nb6 recapturing permits the knight fork at c4 (if 22 e X f7 + Kf8 1). If he stops the threats of . . . Bb5 and . . . c X d4 by 1 9 Ne3, Black has, for example, 1 9 . . .c X d4 20 c X d4 Bb5 2 1 Rd2 Rca8 etc. Also possible is 1 9 . . .c4 20 Rd2 b5 but the effect of White's thrust 2 1 d5 is not clear in this variation. 19 . . .b Xc5 Not 1 9 . . .N X c5 20 N X b 6 ! . In any case, by straightening out his pawns he guarantees himself a plus without leaving White any possible compensation. 20 £4 20 Nd6 may look natural. but it soon rebounds : 20 . . . B X d6 2 1 R X d6 Ne5 22 Be l (the only movel - if 22 Rb 1 Nc4 23 Rd3 Bc2) Nc4 23 Rd3 and now the white pieces are in a tangle and Black has two options. He may play 23 . . . b5, threatening 24 . . . Bc2 25 Rf3 Be4 when he exchanges bishops and reaches a classic knight vs . bad bishop ending, or he may try the more forcing line 23 . . . Bb3 . In that case 24 a3 b5 is rather worse than before for White, while 24 Rb 1 ? loses quickly after 24 . . . Bc2 25 R X b7 R X a2 in view of the back rank threat. White would have to play here 24 B X b 7 1 when 24 . . . R X b7 25 a X b3 R X b3 leaves Black with some advantage, though White has a fighting chance with the disappearance of 1 62

1 N£3 N£6 2 c4 e6 3 g3 d5 4 Bg2 d Xc4 5 Qa4+ Nbd7 6 Q Xc4 c5 7 Qb3 Be7 8 0-0 0-0 9 d3 Nd5 10 Nc3 N7£6 1 1 d4 Qb6 12 Q Xb6 aXb6 13 Rd 1 Bd7 14 Ne5 N Xc3 15 b Xc3 Ba4 16 Rd3 Ra7 17 Bb2 ReS 18 Nc4 Nd7 (Diagram 1 ) Black can claim some advantage here: ( l ) because the white knight, Q-bishop and rook are all a little awkwardly placed; (2) because the white a-pawn can come under fire down the open file . 19 d Xc5 Probably the best practical chance; he remains with two isolated pawns, but obtains use of the d-file and can improve the placing of some of his pieces . If he attacks too soon by 1 9 d5, then 1 9 . . .b5 (not 1 9 . . .Bb5 20 d X e6 f X e6 and Black has only weakened himself) 20 d X e6 b X c4 2 1 e X d7 Rd8 regains the pawn with advantage.
Diagram 1

Of course. or else 26 Nf2 Rd7 27 Ba3 Be? with a good position in each case. The result of that could be 25 R X d8 + B X d8 26 Ne5 Re? with . . as the game continues.f6 and . Nb6 24 e5 B X d6 25 R X d6 R X d6 26 e X d6 Nc4 winning a pawn. Further­ more. along with the following e4. Bb5 and again 23 Nd6 is dealt with by 2 3 . 26 Rc l b3 27 a Xb3 If 27 a3. 28 . . 27 . plans to gain space. . Black's bishop and knight can now use c5 effectively and at the same time the white c-pawn is fixed and a strongpoint has been created at d3.b4. 24 e5 Nc5 25 R X d 8 + B X d8 26 Ba3 Be? then 27 B X c5 B X c5 28 Kf2 Rd7 leaves Black with the file. it will soon be released by . . quite a lot for one move. the exploitation of this bad bishop becomes the main theme of the game. Bc6 28 Ra1 Rca8. . even though White has got rid of his bad bishop. Nc5 . . otherwise White may free his bishop by c4.Nc5 29 Be4 Diagram 2 1 63 .his a-pawn. .B Xb3 28 e5 (Diagram 2) Whatever White does. really ! The hemming-in of his own bishop is not much of a prob­ lem. Black can adopt a similar plan for breaking into the Q-side. . he need not fear . . B X d6 22 R X d6 Ke7 23 Rd2 Nb6 24 e4 Nc4 25 Rf2 Rd8 with control of the file 2 1 e4 Rd8 At last threatening 22 . . Ne5 and. . . . The point about these variations is that one inferior piece (White's Q-bishop) can completely disrupt an otherwise healthy position. . from now on White's bad bishop becomes a genuine target for the rooks. as long as the black knight remains undefended at d7. say. Bb5. which would leave his a-pawn too vulnerable to the black rook and bishop in the long run. 24 . simply 27 . 22 Rd2 b5 23 Ne3 c4 He must do this. not least to keep the black one out of d3 or e4. . . . .Rc8 Black prefers a different plan from the direct 24 . . 24 Ng4 Intending to re-route this knight. The move chosen aims to release the bishop at a4 as a first step. . 25 Nf2 b4 White could hardly have prevented this by 25 a3.Nd3 following. The text move stops . . while 27 Bf l Ne4 28 B X e7 + K X e7 29 Rc l Rd7 is hardly any better. . . . . 20 .Kf8 Now planning to answer 2 1 Nd6 with 2 1 . If. . . . After that Black will make use of the a-file.

as well as defending against Black's Q-side threats . .Na4 30 Ba1 Bc5 3 1 Re 1 Rcc7 32 K£ 1 Keeps the rooks from penetrating. Ba3 is conclusive. 35 . In general terms it is still the bad bishop who is the chief culprit. White has defended well so far and there is no guarantee that Diagram 3 this plan would win. 36 Bb 1 Ra8 37 Ne4 Be7 (Diagram 3) 38 Nd6? The losing move. In addition he can play 34 Bc6 and if 34 . but do not lead to anything immediate. in view of White's passive position. Kd7 and . . Nd5 and 38 . . . . . 39 . . . . . . A semi-waiting move such as 38 Ke2 would be best. .. but at this stage Black wishes to avoid committing himself to too many exchanges. Rd2 35 Re2 when either the rooks or the bishop and knight will be exchanged. recapture with the pawn would leave it fatally weak. For tactical reasons it is too much of a strain to support this outpost. N X b2 40 R X b2 B X d6 41 e X d6 Ke8 with . . . . Ke7 would be a useful developing move. 39 Ba 1 Not 39 Ne4 N X b2 40 R X b2 Ra 1 and the threat of .B Xd6 40 RXd6 Nc5 1 64 .Ba4-d7-c8-b7) and even exchange his other bishop for the knight.Ra6 to follow). . and after that a good plan for Black would be to try and exchange the white-square bishops (. . of course. Even then White's game would be unenviable on account of the wretched bishop at a 1 . For the moment White just has to be patient in fending off the threats. White would then be left with bad bishop against knight and with very weak squares at d3 and d5 (compare the note to White's 20th move). . Rd7 33 R X d7 R X d7 and he has Re2 ready in reply to . .Not 29 Ne4 Nd3 etc. . when the black rook penetrates at once to a2 (30 Ra 1 ? R X a 1 + 3 1 B X a 1 Ra8 32 Bb2 Ra2 winning material). . since recapture at d6 with the rook is going to be essential for White. since the rook is driven out and the white knight finds a convenient square. If 32 . . . This is only an outline of how the game might proceed. then 38 . Na4 are both good moves. . . Rd2 . . . . Nor is 39 Ke2 any improvement on the game continuation (39 .Na4 Now the bishop must move. 34 . 38 .Nb6 33 Bb2 Rd7 34 Ree2 34 R X d7 R X d7 35 Re2 Ra7 would be similar to the game. among other things he must prevent Black gaining control of the centre file. 32 . . . probably made under time-pressure.RXd2 35 RXd2 Ra2 A little premature. . 29 .

. Black threatens 45 . If 45 Kg l Bd5 is too strong. ultimately forcing the sacrifice of the enemy bishop. Above all. . . . It is interesting here that the subtler 45 . d2 + 46 Kg l Bd5 winning a piece. . Rc2! 46 Bb4 + If 46 R X c4 Rc l + (not 46 . Ra2. and also create a weakness in the opponent's pawn structure. He should then win either by penetrating further with his king. Black must avoid an exchange of rooks until he is certain that the pure opposite bishop ending is won. . Now 45 . Bb5 48 Rb6. 47 .4 1 Bb2 Nd3 ! This i s the point. Ra2 and then . . he must obviously use his king. Rc2? 47 Ba3 + and 48 R X c4. . d2 47 B X d2. . in spite of Black's aggressive pieces. . . If 43 Ke l (43 Rb6? d2) Ra2 44 Be l Re2 + 45 Kf l Rc2 ! 46 Be3 Bc4 1 47 Kg l (47 Rd4 d2 + 48 Kg l Rc l + ) Re2 4 8 Bf2 d 2 and wins. 43 . . d2) 47 Ke l Re2 + 48 Kf l Ra2 and wins. . .£6 A dilemma for White. he dare not take and permit Black a second passed pawn: 48 e X f6 g X f6 49 g4 e5 and White is overrun in a few moves. . Therefore he gets an Diagram 4 1 65 . so White needs something sharper. Ba6 is rather ineffective after 46 Kg l Bb 7 47 R X d3 Rg2 + 48 Kf l R X h2 when Black is unlikely to win. . .Ra2 44 Bc3 B Xc4 The rest of the game is quite an instructive example of the somewhat difficult art of winning with rooks and opposite bishops. . Ba6 47 Rd6 (not 47 Ra4 Ra2 1 1) Ra2 48 Ke l . . apart from hitting the h-pawn. or if 46 . If here 46 Ba3 Ke8 (threatening 47 . 42 B Xd3 c Xd3 43 c4 Nothing else will do in the face of the threats which Black can generate after 43 . 46 . For the moment. . and he then loses his c-pawn in saving the bishop . . . . . . . or here 47 . Bd5 46 h4 Rc2 with .Ke8 47 Kg 1 (Diagram 4) There is no direct way to make further progress with the pawn. . This would require at least two extra pawns. White must take. or two widely separated passed pawns. . . If 46 . . Bc4 to follow is possible. Bc4 is less good on account of 46 Rd41 and if 46 . one of which could be supported by the king. . 45 . but Black can do better still: 45 . . 45 Rd4! Keeps in contact with the black pawn. or by combining threats to advance his pawn with an attack on the new weakness. . . d2? 47 Ke2) 47 Kf2 d2 and wins the exchange.

. intending . . . of course. . Rg2 + . . but he has nothing better. if 52 Rd6 Kg5 when taking the pawn costs a piece after 53 . (ii) 53 Kf 1 Re2 54 Bd6 Bg2 + 55 Kg 1 d2 or if here 54 R X d3 Re4( 1) winning the bishop or the rook. he now goes rapidly downhill . . both of which lead to positions almost identical to the game. h6 (waiting) since White is quite close to Zugzwang. Kg5 52 Be7 + drives him back. as a waiting move. . but shows how difficult it is for White to find a good waiting move: (a) 52 Kh 1 Bd5 + and . 52 h4? h6 53 Ba5 Alternatives are also dismal: (i) 53 R X d3 Rg2 + 54 Kf l R X g4 winning another pawh. . Black chose 5 1 . R X e5 56 R X d3 would be weaker. 51 . Bd5 winning a piece.Bd5. .Re2 54 h5 + Another pawn fixed on a white square is undesirable. (d) 52 h4 Bd5 as in the game. he must either find a way to attack the white pawns as they stand or try to weaken them further. . 55 Bc3 Be4 55 . 48 g4 Weakening. . if now 5 1 . . (iii) 53 Be 1 Re2 or 53 h5 + . Black therefore needs a fresh idea. h6 is not quite good enough.fXe5 49 fXe5 K£7 50 R£4 + Kg6 5 1 Rd4 The point of White's defence. The g-pawn on a white square combines nicely with his bishop on black. . 5 1 . He has three ways to consider: (i) 5 1 . Bb5 certainly seems the best. (c) 52 Ba5 Bd5 53 R X d3 Rg2 + 54 Kf 1 Ra2 winning material. . . (iii) 5 1 . . (ii) 5 1 . Of these. It is clear from a previous note that Black must be patient and retain his passed pawn for the time 1 66 . . in spite of the fragile appearance of the white pawns. . Re2. but 54 R X d3 Rg2 + 55 Kf 1 Ra2 costs the exchange. winning a second pawn. Furthermore his white squares are opened for the enemy king. d2 while 53 Rb6 Bc4 followed by . if he cannot get through with his king or advance his passed pawn. (b) 52 Rd6. Kf7.isolated pawn. . . With this move he plans to shut out the black king in a way that becomes clear shortly. . . Rd7 or Rd8 52 . . 48 . Bd5 shuts the rook off from the passed pawn. The problem here is that a clear win for Black is not apparent after either 52 h3 or 52 Be 1 Re2 53 Bc3 . . . . . . If instead 52 Ba5 Re2 when neither 53 Rb4 R X e5 nor 53 Bc7 d2 is any use. R X g4 54 Rg3 and Black cannot hope to win) 54 Rd4 when he is still alive and it is not clear how Black is to continue. . . . . Bb5. . . which would allow White a convenient check. as played. since a piece obviously cannot be spared to recapture. 53 .Bd5(?) White should now play 52 R X d3 Rg2 + 53 Kfl R X h2 (if 53 . Returning to the game.Kh7 Better than 54 . 54 . . since White is hardly in a position to defend the e-pawn. . as in previous lines. Missing this chance to punish Black's premature liquida­ tion.

If 60 Rf l d2 with 6 1 . However.Rc l to follow. In both games some very interesting tactical play is to be seen. 3 ending which should really be drawn with correct play. GAME 43 White: Ivkov Black: Browne Amsterdam. (b) 59 Bb4 Rg2 60 R X d3 R X g4 when another pawn goes. . 56 Kf l Bg2 + 57 Kg l B£3 Black now has the further advan­ tage that he can afford an exchange of rooks (after capturing at g4. 1 97 1 This game and the next illustrate play in which the pawns are all on one side of the board. More material is now lost after 62 Rf4 R X e5 and if 63 Bc3 Rc5 64 Bb4 Rg5 will do very nicely. . this is a fairly orthodox case of the technique involved. . . but now he makes a mistake with 2 1 Bh6? (2 1 Bf2 with an eventual e4 is a good plan).being.Ra l ! reducing the position to a 4 vs. while the other is more original.Be2 60 Rd4 ReS 6 1 Re4 B£3 0.Rc2! Vacating the ideal square e2 for the bishop.. Rc2 and then (a) 59 Ba5 Be2 + 60 Kg 1 Rc5. while he brings the white pawns under fire . 59 . since White's h-pawn will then fall and he will remain three pawns down. . Black now wins outright after the exchange of bishops. . After 20 moves (Diagram 1 ) White has achieved a position with five pawns against four which should be won with careful play. . 59 Be 1 The other squares are no better. as his pawn is unstoppable: 59 R X f3 R X c3 60 Rf2 (60 Kf2 or 60 Kg2 d21) Rc l + 6 1 Kg2 Rc2 62 Kf l (or 62 Kf3) d2 63 Ke2 d l /Q + etc . . . 58 Rf4 Against the alternative 58 Kf 1 Black wins by taking advantage of various favourable tactical circum­ stances: 58 . . (c) 59 Be l Rc5 60 Bg3 B X g4 1 58 . as shown in the note to White's last move: 59 Ba5 Be2 60 Rd4 Rc5 etc. Although the back rank threat appears to defend the cl-pawn indirectly. Black now plays 2 1 . we shall see how the difficulties of 1 67 Diagram 1 .1 . that is). or 59 Bb4 Rg2 + 60 Kf l R X g4.

. . since any ending with a single Diagram 2 - - - · 1 68 . . . . e. (2) At a fairly early stage . 29 Bg2 Rb 1 30 Ra4 Rc 1 3 1 £4 White is not concerned about the weakness which this move creates at g4 and the subsequent blockade by Black. h5 is essential for Black. The only real chance of winning is by some kind of direct attack (for example f4-f5-f6. as actually happens. . or by a penetration through the potentially weak black squares in the enemy game. 26 K£2 K£6 27 Ra7 h5 28 h4 Rd 1 As yet there is little to analyse. 3 1 . Rc4.B Xd4+ 23 Kg2 B X a 1 24 RXe7 Bg7 25 B Xg7 K Xg7 This is a fairly typical ending with four pawns versus three and the following general points may be made: ( l ) Basically the position should be drawn because the black king does not have to stretch very far to stop White's potential passed e-pawn and at the same time defend his own pawns . 32 Bb7 (aiming for Ba6-d3) Ra2 ! 33 Rb4 Bg4 and White is getting nowhere. He wants to anchor the bishop at d3 and then play to attack the enemy pawn mass with e4 and f5. There seems to be no better way to proceed in view of the activity of the black pieces. . rook + 3 ending in that the attacker naturally has a greater variety of threats at his disposal. The attempt to obtain a passed pawn is rarely useful in such a situation since the black king is quite favourably placed to stop it. . of course) or even push on to h6. the move played allows 32 . .Rc2 32 Be4 (Diagram 2) White 's plan becomes clear. exchanging off rooks. (b) to prevent White's obtaining a passed e-pawn without exchanging off nearly all the pawns. . However.g. (3) The extra pair of pieces gives the position a rather different character from a standard rook + 4 vs. 22 .the situation can tax even a grand­ master. fixing the black h-pawn as a weak­ ness and creating all manner of threats . 22 R X a 1 He cannot save the d-pawn of course. and it is difficult to see why Black avoids this. if 22 Rd2? Bh3. Black has played his key move . h5 and now places his rook as actively as possible and tries to keep the rest of his position consolidated. (c) to prevent the advance of the enemy h-pawn which will either open another file (to the benefit of the attacker. (a) to stop the white pawns gaining space by advancing together and obtaining a stifling grip on the position.

Re5 + 47 Kd6 R X f5 (or 47 . After 4 1 Ra7 + (or 4 1 Kf4 Rc7 1) Kf8 (not 4 1 . Rd5 + 48 Ke7 Re5 + 49 Be6 1 and wins) 48 Ke7 and wins. . . .Rd4 + 47 Kc6 Rc4 + 48 Kd7 Rd4 + (or 48 . Black can stand it because the enemy pawns are also weak and disjointed. Black may as well resign.Re7 3G e4 Rc7 37 Ke3 Rc l Not fatal.Bf5 !. . . . the stalemate try 42 . . . Kh6? 42 Rf7) 42 Kf4 Rc3 White can never make any progress. . If he cannot prevent it he is lost 39 . .Bh3 + and 37 . Rc7 + 49 Kd8) 49 Kc7 (not 49 Kc8? Rd8 +) Rc4 + 50 Kd8 Rd4 + 5 1 Bd7 and wins. . (b) 46 . . 38 RaG + Kg7 39 £5 White's object is achieved. 1 69 . . . . . 43 K Xd3 KgG 44 Rg8 + K XfG 45 R Xg4! The simplest way. . Nevertheless Black should still not lose. but the only other possibility.g X£5 40 e X£5 Rd l? (Diagram 3) The losing move. . . . . Other variations lead to similar finishes. Rc6. Although this appears to be a weakening move. . 45 . but it gives White a chance which could have been avoided by 37 . . Rg2 or 36 . . Now Black must prevent f6 + which sets up a crippling bind on his game and even creates mating threats .Rb2 33 Bd3 Rb7 34 Ra5 Bg4 35 Ra2 Not immediately 35 e4 Rb2 + 36 Kg 1 (otherwise 36 .h Xg4 4G Ke4 KeG 47 K£4 £5 48 Kg5 Ke5 49 h5 Ke4 50 hG £4 5 1 h7 £ Xg3 52 h8/Q g2 53 Qa8 + 1-0. 32 . also fails : Diagram 3 43 B X f5 Rd3 + 44 Ke4 Re3 + 45 Kd4 Re4 + 46 Kd5 and now: (a) 46 . 41 fG + KhG 42 Ra8 R Xd3 + This is quite hopeless. .piece each should normally be easier to hold .f6 . . 35 . . in spite of his previous errors Black can still hold the game with 40 . Rg2) Rd2 and Black draws easily. . .

Such measures may well involve . 40 . Best is 4 1 Bd4. BfS 4 1 Bd4 ReS 42 g4 h X g4 43 h X g4 Bc5 as suggested in an earlier note. 4 1 . and Black must take active measures to contest this. \ Rb2 42 f6 Bh6 43 RdS + Kh7 44 g4 Black is losing . drawing comfortably m both cases) ·. . leading to positions very similar to the game continuation. Bc5 39 B X c5 (or 39 Bd2 BfB etc.) 46 g4 h X g4 47 h X g4 and Black's game is still very difficult. g5 at some point. but this procedure is obviously safer for White than for Black ! White's basic plan will be Bd4 and g4.GAME 44 White: Keres Black : Hort San Antonio.Rea He had a chance here for the thrust mentioned above. If instead 4 1 . 40 . . however. . making a thrust at the white pawns. . . Ra8? This loses in an interesting and original way. 41 Kd5(?) White in turn is inaccurate and by this move he gives Black a clear drawing chance. once again threatening the terrible bind f5-f6. after 41 f5 (4 1 g3 h4 or 41 f X g5 Rb2 42 Kf5 R X g2. Black may not have wished to commit himself before the time-control or he may have felt more secure with a bishop guarding his black squares and holding back the white f-pawn by his threat to the e-pawn It turns out. . 1 972 This second example shows once again the chances available to the stronger side in the presence of an extra pair of pieces. . . reluctant though Black may be to loosen his position in this way. . 1 70 . . However. that the white bishop is a much better piece After 3S . 39 Ke4 Rb8 40 Bc5 Both sides are probing a little. (Diagram 1 ) 37 Kf3 B£8 38 Rd7 Bg7 Once again the weaker side avoids the attempt to exchange which should suit him. . .) R X c5 Black draws fairly comfortably because the white position is wide open and the king exposed to a series of checks. Black can take advantage of a momentary insecurity in the white position by Diagram 1 r� . Pro:Oably the best line is 40 .ReS 42 Bd6 B X e5 43 B X e5 f6 44 Rd5 f X e5 45 R X e5 Rf8 (otherwise 46 f6 etc. . . g5. .

B X d4 50 e7). . . . 42 g4! h Xg4 43 h Xg4 Ra5 (Diagram 2) By this move he prevents both 44 f5 and the manoeuvre Be7-f6.Ra3 + Or 5 1 . . . . 45 . made possible only by the paralysis of Black's K-side. which would give White a dominating position for his bishop or a very powerful pawn wedge if Black should exchange. f X e6 50 Rb7 or 49 .. . . . . which enables White to win by means of an exchange sacrifice. 44 Rd8 + Kh7 45 g5! Burying the bishop alive . . . Ra5 49 e6 ! wins immediately (49 .a far more important consideration than the purely theoretical drawback that his own majority is crippled for the time being. .Bh8 49 Rf8 Not immediately 49 R X h8 + KXh8 50 e6 + Kg8 5 1 e7 f5 + 52 g X f6 Kf7 and the blockade draws easily. Ra4 50 Bc5 followed by Be7-f6 with the king sheltering at g4 if necessary. since the check at f5 is avoided. Bg7 52 Rd7 Kg8 53 e6 R X d4 + 54 R X d4 B X d4 55 e7 and wins. . . If Black now releases the pin by 48 . . There remains the move actually played. .Ra4 46 Bd4 RaG 47 Ke4 Ra4 48 Rb8! A nice Zugzwang move. .Kg7 50 Rd8 Kh7 5 1 Kd3 (Diagram 3) Now threatening 52 RXh8+ etc.Rc4 49 Ke3 Rc 1 (or 171 49 . 49 . . Unfortunately for him the removal of the rook from the back rank allows a different winning line. . Bh6 42 Be3 (42 g3 h4) Rc2 43 g4 Rh2 44 g5 Bg7 45 Rd8 + Kh7 and Black is safe. once that position is set up Black must either exchange. . 52 Kc4 Ra4+ 53 Kb5 Ra3 54 Rf8 Diagram 3 . or keep his rook passive at a6 in order to prevent loss of material after White's Rb7 and e6) 50 Kd2 Rc4 5 1 Kd3 Rc l 52 Bc3 Rf 1 53 Ke3 Re 1 54 Ba5 and the bishop reaches f6 what­ ever Black does. leaving the wedge at f6. . 48 .Diagram 2 4 1 . If he tries 48 . 5 1 .

Kg7 55 ReS Kh7 56 R£8 Kg7 57 RXh8! K Xh8 58 e6+ Kg8 59 e7 Ra8 GO BfG 1-0.Kh7 6 1 Kc6 Ra6 + 62 Kb7 Re6 63 Kc7 Re 1 64 Be5 (c) 60 . i. .Kh7 6 1 Kc6 ReS 62 Kd7 RaS 63 eS/Q Ra7 + 64 Kd6 and if 64 . . Up to now the 1 72 . avoiding stalemate. (a) 60 . . it is such a good illustration of the tactical chances available to a few pieces on an almost completely open board. 54 . GAME 45 White: Rogoff Black: Csom Interzonal tournament. but no harm is done by a couple of moves delay. B X d4 55 e7 Re3 56 eS/Q R X eS 57 R X eS Kd7 . . . bishop + 2 pawns on the same side of the board it may be impossible for the rook to break through if the enemy pawns are not weakened and more especially if his own pawn position is too rigid. White might still win from this position but in certain cases of rook + 2 pawns vs. (b) 60 . Biel. .He'could have played the winning line immediately. . The rook is lost in all variations. Ra7 + 63 KbS) 63 Bd41 KgS 64 Kd7. . Notice that 54 e6 is not so clear after 54 . 1 976 advantages have been fairly equally distributed . but the pawns themselves are rather exposed to attack down the central files. The black knights are cramped. .the black pawn centre keeps the white pieces somewhat restricted. . for all its mistakes. but the pressure of the rooks down the g­ and c-hles is not to be underrated. Keres' method is much more convincing. .Ra6 + 65 Qc6. .e. Diagram 1 1 e4 NfG 2 Ne3 e6 3 e4 e5 4 e5 Ng8 5 d4 e Xd4 6 Q Xd4 Ne6 7 Qe4 Bb4 8 Bd2 dG 9 Qg4 N Xe5 10 Q Xg7 Q£6 1 1 QXfG N XfG 12 £4 NgG 13 N£3 Bd7 14 a3 Ba5 15 b4 BbG 1G Bd3 BeG 17 Rf l Ng4 18 Ke2 £5 19 h3 NfG 20 g3 Rg8 2 1 Be3 B Xe3 22 K Xe3 N£8 23 K£2 hG 24 Nd4 a6 25 Rfe 1 K£7 26 Rad 1 Bd7 27 Be2 ReS 28 Nb3 Ke7 29 Bf l BeG 30 Bd3 K£7 3 1 Re3 Re7 32 Bb 1 Ne8 33 a4 Bd7 34 Bd3 Nh7 (Diagram 1 ) This game is chosen because. After a good deal of manoeuv­ ring on both sides White decides to open up the game. .ReS 61 Kc6 RaS 62 Kc7 1 Kh7 (62 . .

38 N Xe4 The alternatives of 38 B X e4 f X e4 39 N X e4 R X c4 40 N X d6 + N X d6 4 1 Re? + Kf6 42 R X d7 R X f4 + and 38 B X e4 f X e4 39 R X e4 Bf5 1 40 R4e3 (40 Rd4 B X h3 etc. . . Lastly. 42 B Xa6 BeG! (Diagram 2 ) Much better than 4 2 . The position is unusual both for the small number of pawns remaining while both sides still have four pieces and for the tactical 1 73 opportunities which arise.R X b4 43 Bd5 + . . The alternative way of preventing 38 Re? + . 43 Re? + Kf8 only leaves him with more pieces to defend. apart from the Diagram 2 . This however turns out to be a mis­ judgment.White's decision to open the game implies that he considers himself to hold an overall advantage and tactically it is based on the pinning of the f-pawn. . among other things. . . In this last line he is very much on the defensive in spite of his extra pawn. . R X f4 + because of 42 Rf3 and if 42 . winning at least a piece. since among other things the white king soon gets into serious trouble. and if 43 Kf 1 Black has.Bc8 38 Nd4 Ng7 is obviously too passive. B X h3 40 Nd5 with Re? + to follow .N£6 40 Bg2 He prefers to avoid the passive placing of his bishop by 40 Bd3 B X a4.R X a4 43 Bb7 . . 40 . . . Black now gets a vicious attack.Rg2 + 44 Kf 1 R X f4 and mate. 43 Rc l This is best because. . .£Xe4 39 B Xe4 Not of course 39 R X e4 Bf5 etc. . while 43 Bf l Ne4 + 44 Ke2 Bd5 1 leaves White with no satisfactory way of protecting the knight 45 Na5 R X a4 or 45 Nd2 Rb2 46 Rd 1 (46 Rd3 Bc4) Bc4 + 47 Ke 1 N X d2 48 R X d2 Rb 1 + or 45 Na 1 Rb2 + 46 Kd 1 Rd2 + 47 Kc 1 ReS + 48 Kb 1 Ba2 mate or 45 N c 1 Rb2 + and mate next move with the three possible mating positions producing a curious kind of symmetry. . but note that Black should avoid 39 . The immediate threat is 43 . . by 37 . . 39 . 38 .R Xc4 4 1 B Xb7 RXb4 Not 4 1 .) Nf6 are scarcely attractive for White. . . 35 g4 Nh£6 36 g X£5 e X£5 37 Rde l Ne4 + ! Perhaps White under-estimated this. if 43 Rd3 Rg2 + 44 Ke3 Re4 + wins and therefore White has no choice but to move his rook from e 1 . . or finally 45 Rb 1 Rgb8 46 Bg2 B X b3 47 R X e4 Bc4 + . R X f4 + 4 4 Ke2 Nd5 4 5 Rd3 Rg2 + 46 Kd 1 Nb4 47 R X d6 B X a4. 43 . .

Ne4 + 7 46 R X e4 B X e4 4 7 R X g l R X b3 48 Bc4 + or here 46 . .. 1 74 . . . If . White can now interfere with his opponent's plans by the possibility of a check at c4 . . 46 . . . Rg2 + 44 Ke l Rg l + 45 Kd2 Black again makes little progress (45 . . .R X c4 46 R X c4 N X e3 47 R X c6 leads nowhere for Black. . . . only one turns out to be of any value.Rg l + 46 Ke2 Rg2 + 47 Ke l Kf6 48 B X d5 B X d5 still leaves him with a definite advantage. . 44 Ke l The variation 44 Ke2 Rg2 + 45 Kd3 Nd5 46 R X c6 Nb4 + 4 7 Kc3 Rc2 mate is one more example of the dangers facing the white king. . . . . Ne4 + 44 Ke l Rg l + 45 Ke2 R X b3 46 R X g l (not 46 R X c6 Rg2 + 47 Kf3 Rg3 + ) Rb2 + 47 Kf l (not 47 Ke l Rb l + nor 47 Kf3 Nc5 + nor 47 Kd3 Nc5 + 48 Kc3 Rb3 + ). since 45 . 44 . .Nd5 ! Very strong. 45 . disposing of the knight. 45 Rc4? ! This move would be fine if Black were to exchange a pair of rooks. but then 47 . If now 49 K X g2 N X e 3 + 50 Kg3 Rf3 + saves the rook. B X a4 and the knight can neither move nor be protected (46 Na l or 46 Na5 Rg l + 47 Kd2 Rd4 + 48 Bd3 R X d 3 + 4 6 Bc4 R X c4 etc. The best chance is probably 45 Bc4. Nevertheless. . . 47 Ke2 Rg2 + 48 K£3 Rf l + ! Still the theme persists. .Rd l + ! An echo of his previous move. N X e3 47 R X c6 is bad. . (c) 49 . If 45 Re2 simply 45 . . which is no more than equal. the point is that there is no good square for the white rook. .Rfl + ! 46 Kd2 46 Ke2 Rg2 + ! 47 Kd3 Rd l + 48 Ke4 Nf6 + 49 Kf5 Rf l + 50 Rf4 Rg5 mate is a drastic finish and in any case White wishes to keep his bishop trained on f l . . 45 . Rg2 + 47 Re2).RX£4+ White has to avoid a whole set of traps after 43 . but instead it gives him the opportunity to initiate a second series of tactical threats. . . Nd2 + 48 Ke l Nf3 + leads only to a draw. leaving Black with two pieces en prise and also threatened with Bc4 + . 43 . . . N X e3 + 50 R X c6 Re l 5 1 Kf3 Rg6 52 Kf2 Ng2 53 Bc4 + Ke7 54 Bd5 and Black's pieces are all tangled up. .Nf6 + 50 Kd4 (50 Kd3? Rd l + 5 1 Kc3 Nd5 mate) Rd l + (or 50 . If 45 Rd3 Re8 + 4 6 Kd l Rf l + 4 7 Kd2 Rf2 + 48 Kd l Nb4 49 Bc4 + (or 49 R X d6 Bf3 + ) d5 and wins. in spite of a whole host of double and discovered checks available to Black. .Nb4+ Alternatives can be summed up as follows: (a) 49 . . . 46 . . 49 Ke4 (Diagram 3) And now. If instead 43 . Rf4 + 5 1 Kd3 and Black has nothing) 5 1 Rd3 R X d 3 + 52 K X d3 Rg3 + 53 Kd4. · (b) 49 . .attack on the bishop. . 4 6 Rb2 B X b3 47 RXb3 Rg l + 48 Kd2 Rf2 + 49 Be2 R X e2 +).Nc3 +? 50 Kd3 and Black simply loses a piece. 49 .

. 53 .Nd4 + 55 Ka6 N X b3 56 B X d5 + leads to a better ending for White than he gets in the game.g. i f here 56 Ka3 Nc2 + 57 Ka2 N X e3 58 K X b 1 Rb4 wins.Ne7 + ? 50 R X c6 N X c6 5 1 BXfl . White con­ tinues to walk on a tightrope. (e) 49 . . nor 55 Kb4 Rc4 + 56 Ka5 R X b3 57 B X d5 + Kf6 58 R X b3 N X b3 + 59 Kb5 ReS + . but under rather worse circumstances than in the game. . . .g. . but the same applies to the move chosen and Black could now have won immediately by 53 . Rf4 + 50 Kd3 Nb4 + 5 1 Kc3 Na2 + 52 Kd3 and Black can only repeat moves. Rf6.RXb3 + If 54 . Diagram 3 Diagram 4 1 75 . since his rook (cutting oH the king and defending the h-pawn) and his bishop are ideally placed.Rb 1 then 54 Bb5 in each case. .here 5 1 . however. he finds that the other enemy pawn is too fast. 54 Bb7 Threatening just to advance his pawn with plenty of support and so forcing Black's hand 54 . . 50 . so that if 53 . he must not play 55 Kb6 N X b3 56 B X d5 + K£6 57 B X b3 Rcb2. . . . . However. . . . Rc2+ 53 Kb5(?) 53 Kd6 Rf6 + 54 Kc7 Nb4 + is fatal. (d) 49 . or simply 54 . . Relatively best is 53 Kb6.Rf4 or 53 . Black should still win fairly comfortably. After 53 . e. . Rf4 ! . d4 etc. . . . 52 . 50 R X c6 Not 50 Kd4? Rd 1 + 5 1 Kc3 Na2 mate. 54 Kb7 Nd8 + 55 Ka7 Rc7 + . 55 RXb3 Nd4+ 56 Kb4 N Xb3 57 B X d 5 + Ke7 58 B X b3 (Diagram 4) If Black now attempts to win the h-pawn. . . e. Rb2 52 Nd4 and Black keeps the exchange. d5+ 5 1 Kd4 N Xc6+ 52 Kc5 Not 52 K X d5 Nb4 + . . . presumably under time pressure.Rb l ? Black misses it. . . and reaches an ending which should only be drawn.

. As a matter of fact the ending is drawn anyway with correct play. . . the tactical points which come to Black's aid are not just lucky.58 . .Rd8 62 Bc4 Kb6 63 Bd3 The only way to provide shelter for the king. at the same time interfering with the enemy king's march to the other side. . 69 K£4 Kb6 70 Bg4 (Diagram 5) Again the rook is ready to deal with a direct attack 70 Kg4 Rg2 + 7 1 Kh4 Rg5 ! and . . . . The first stage must be to win the a-pawn with his king by tying up the bishop to the defence of the h-pawn. now Black diverts the bishop. 58 . .Re2 + If 68 .Kc7 6 1 Kc3 The obvious 6 1 Kc5 permits Black a neat sequence of forced moves as follows: 6 1 . Kb6 69 Ke5 Kc6 70 Kf6 Kd6 (70 . It should be pointed out that even then the ending presents great technical difficulties and may still be drawn. . but there is a limit to his rook's manoeuvrability in this respect. 1 76 - - Diagram 5 64 . . . . R£2 65 Kd3 Rh2 66 Bg4 K Xa6 The ending should now be drawn because of the weakness of the black pawn. Black does his best to make the opposing king's journey difficult while his own king approaches. Rg2 7 1 Bg4) 7 1 Kg6 Ke5 72 Bb 1 Rf6 + 73 Kh5 and Bg6 to follow. 68 . 61 . 67 Ke4 R£2 ! 68 B£5 68 Bf3 Kb6 69 Kf4 Kc5 70 Kg4 Kd6 7 1 Bd 1 Ke6 72 Kh5 Rf6 73 Bc2 Kf7 allows Black to save the pawn. White can make things easier by blocking the black king with his own king for a few moves. . .Rd3 62 Be6 (62 a7 Kb7) Ra3 63 Kb5 Re3 64 Bg4 h 5 1 and wins one of the pawns. . . but typical of the rook's power on an open board and the way in which progress is frequently made in such endings.R£8 64 Be2 To let the h-pawn go and allow Black a passed pawn would be very dangerous and in any case unnecessary.Rh 1 6 1 a7 Ra 1 62 Ba4 Rb 1 + 63 Ka5 and wins) 6 1 Kb5 Rh5 + 62 Kb6 Rh3 63 Bd5 with a draw. 63 . . but Black can naturally make a much better attempt than this .Rd2 Keeps the king cut off and stays within range of the h-pawn. .Rh2 59 a5 R X h3 60 a6 Rh4 + (or 60 . This is a most important variation. . However. 60 . . . while the white king has made absolutely no progress towards the K-side. 59 aS Kd6 60 a6 60 Kb5 Rb2 would just be a waste of time.

(4) The white king can penetrate undisturbed through the black squares on the Q-side. . . so there is no point in trying to oppose him. White embarks on a piece sacrifice which is based on the following positional considerations : ( l ) The two united passed pawns will have to be permanently watched. . White has no chance. h4 80 Kd5 Kg3 8 1 Ke4 KXh3 82 Kf3 is a simple draw and there is no way for Black to improve on this. . . 1 77 . just when in sight of the draw. Although Black manages to keep them under control. are made clear in the notes . .White is badly tied up. and surprisingly.g.h5 still 77 Kg7) 77 Kg7 R X f7 + 78 K X f7 h5 White plays not 79 Kg6 h4. since he could hardly have been pressed for time at move 76. 72 Bh5 ! Now the intention is to block at f7 with the bishop.. . GAME 46 White: Averbach Black: Hug Palma de Mallorca. Kg5 79 Ke6 draws in the same way. gets nowhere . (3) His bishop will be a useless piece in view of the fact that White will be operating exclusively on the black squares. . 76 .Kf5 0. (5) The black king is in danger. . .1 . 72 .Kd4 75 Bf7 Ke4 76 Ke7? White blunders tragically. but 79 Ke6 1 (presumably what he overlooked). .Kh4 82 Bg6 is no good) 82 Kg8 Kh4 83 Be6 Re7 84 Bf5 Re3 and 85 . 78 . After a good deal of manoeuvring in the early stages. e. 70 . 72 Ke6 Kc5 73 Ke7 Rf4 would be too slow. he does so only at the cost of allowing White decisive scope elsewhere The various catastrophes which could have befallen Black. . 74 Bf5 Kc3 75 Ke4 Kd2 76 Bg4 Ke 1 77 Ke3 Kf l 78 Bf3 Kg 1 79 Ke2 Kh2 80 Kf2 Rf7 ! etc. or 74 Ke4 Kc3 75 Ke3 Rf6 76 Be4 Re6 77 Kf4 Kd4 78 Bf5 Rf6. .R X h3 or (b) 79 Bh5 Kg5 80 Bg4 Rb7 + 81 Kg8 h5 etc. After (a) 79 Kh7 Kg5 8 0 Kg7 h5 81 Kh7 Rb7 (81 . . (2) For this reason Black's rooks will have to remain passive for a long time. 74 .Rf2 + 71 Ke5 RfB ! Otherwise 72 Bf5 and 73 Kf6 as before. Rb8 Now the white king's situation is very bad and his pawn soon falls . . After 76 Kf6 Kf4 (or 76 .Kc5 He proposes to work his way round the back. which loses. . . . Then 79 . 72 . If 78 .Kc7 73 Ke6 etc. had he not kept a very careful watch on the rooks. 1 972 Dutch Defence This endgame is a fine illustration of the possibilities open to two active rooks once they have penetrated to the seventh and eighth ranks. . . 73 Bg6 Kc4 74 KeG Black will penetrate eventually. . 77 Kf6 Rb6 + 78 Kg7 78 Be6 Kf4 is certainly no better.

. . . The following variations illustrate most pointedly the perils to which Black is exposed: (a) 57 . so he takes the time to set a trap without endangering anything. although it allows the white rook through to the eighth. . e. winning easily. . . 54 RfB Kg7 55 RcB Rf7 56 Kc 1 For the moment White's threats on the K -side are contained. . Anything else. since he will now at least be able to blockade the pawns for Diagram 1 Diagram 2 some time. . 57 . . whether he moves his rook away or exchanges. 54 . . say 53 . would permit 54 Rfg5 with a subsequent f5. .Kh7 ! 1 78 . . .Kh6 57 RgS ! (Diagram 2) White is in no hurry. After that the combined pressure on both wings is almost certain to break Black's resistance. so the king starts his long journey to c5. . . Bf5 58 Rh8 + Bh7 59 f5 Ree7 60 Rg6 mate. 56 . Re6 57 Rg7 + and mates) 57 e6. Rae7.Be8 55 f5 Rh6 56 f6 Rf7 (56 . (b) 57 .g. Rf5 58 Rh8 + Kg7 59 Rh Xh5 and wins immediately because Black cannot stop the threat of f5. (c) 57 . Bf5 58 Rh8 + Rh7 59 Rf8 Be4 60 f5 and wins.1 d4 e6 2 c4 fS 3 Nf3 Nf6 4 g3 Be7 5 Bg2 0-0 6 0-0 c6 7 Nc3 dS 8 Qc2 aS 9 NeS Nbd7 1 0 c XdS e XdS 1 1 Nd3 Ne4 12 f3 N Xc3 13 b Xc3 Bd6 14 Bd2 Nf6 15 Bf4 B X f4 16 g X f4 Qe7 17 Qd2 Nd7 18 Kh l Re8 19 NeS N XeS 20 fXeS BeG 21 Rg l Kh8 22 f4 Qh4 23 Bf3 Re7 24 RgS g6 25 Rag 1 Rg8 26 e3 Reg7 27 Qg2 bS 28 Bd l a4 29 Bc2 Bd7 30 Bd3 BeG 3 1 Qf l Rf7 32 R lg3 Qh6 33 Qb 1 QfB 34 Qb4 Rfg7 35 Rh3 Qe7 36 Rg 1 BcB 37 Q X e7 RXe7 38 Rhg3 Reg7 39 Kg2 BeG 40 Kf3 h6 41 Ke2 Kh7 42 Rf3 Rb7 43 Kd2 Bf7 44 Rb 1 RaB 45 Rg3 BeG 46 Rbg 1 RgB 47 Kc2 Ra7 48 Be2 Bf7 49 h4 hS 50 Rg5 Re8 5 1 Kd2 Re6 (Diagram l ) 5 2 B XhS ! g XhS 5 3 RXfS Bg6 The best chance. .

If 6 1 . Kh6 White calmly proceeds with 62 Ka3. . To sacrifice the bishop back at any stage would also lead to a hopeless ending. Ke6 7 1 K X b5 Bd7 + . Black must therefore block e6 with his bishop) Be6 7 1 K X c6 KeS 72 K X b5 Bd7 + 73 Kc5 Be6 74 Kb4 Bd7 75 c4 d X c4 76 K X c4 and the pawns must win. and Black remains totally passive while the king strolls in. White has simply arranged to do everything on black squares and is ignoring the bishop entirely ! 64 Kb4 Ke8 65 Kc5 Kd8 66 Ra7 ! (Diagram 4) White has achieved a position Diagram 4 179 . . .Rf7 62 R X f7 + B X f7 63 f5 ReS 64 e6 BgS 65 Ka3. . 63 Ka3 B£7 Remarkable how Black has been unable to do anything with his extra piece.if 6S . whereas now a king move would permit 7 1 e6 or Ke7. . . . BeS 70 a3 1 Zugzwang) 70 a3 ! (Diagram 3) (not immediately 70 K X c6 because of 70 . leaving eS for the bishop.Re7. . . 62 Rg 1 KfB 62 . he has plans for manoeuvring behind enemy lines with both rooks. 59 . . Besides. . . he cannot even challenge rooks at g7 because of the mate at h5. The critical variations occur if Black plays here 63 . . .ReS. .Kf7 6S Kd6 and Black is already in Zugzwang since he must allow Ke7. 58 Kb2 RfS 59 Rg 1 Naturally White does not oblige by exchanging the passive black rook. Then the white king gets a real opportunity to make his presence felt: 64 Ka3 BeS 65 Kb4 Rg7 66 R X g7 + K X g7 67 Kc5 Bd7 (or 67 . .) 6S f6 + Kf7 69 Kd6 BcS (69 . .Diagram 3 Black is alive to the danger. unless he can gain some substantial advantage. . instead of .Rf7 63 R X f7 K X f7 64 Rg5 would lose another pawn. a Q-side invasion. so White must revert to the main plan. such as the freeing of his pawns.KfS 69 e6 etc. since Black cannot take on g5. followed by f6 and e6 .Rf7 60 Rg5 Rf5 6 1 Rc7+ Kg8 If 6 1 . . .

which he can win in a number of ways. Rf7? 68 R X g6. an echo of the last var ' Jtion. . . . if 66 . He covers e6 and the same mate is threatened.Kd7 77 Rb7 + Ke6 78 R X e8 mate. 66 . However. . . Wishing to finish off the game as precisely as possible.Bg6 An attempt to stop the invasion of the second rank. 74 Kb6 will not quite do. 74 . . . .Rf7 73 R X f7 B X f7 74 f5 and the avalanche is unstoppable. with e6 to follow. he looks for and finds an alternative mating net. . which is certain to have equally serious consequences before long. yet how many players would have refrained from capturing the c-pawn? After 66 R X c6 R X c6 + 6 7 K X c6 Ke7 68 K X b5 Be8 + 69 Kc5 Ke6. 77 Rab8 1-0. Bg6 70 Rh6 Bf7 7 1 R X e6 B X e6 72 Kd6 Bf7 73 Rg7. creating an irresistible threat of Ra8 mate. but Averbach sees that he can do even better by being patient for a little longer and leaving Black to find reasonable moves. . or 72 . . Rg6? 67 R X f7. . . 1 80 . 70 Rgg7 Kb8 7 1 Rb7+ Ka8 72 Ra7 + Kb8 73 Rhb7 + Kc8 (Diagram 5) White has set up the orthodox Diagram 5 starting position for manoeuvring with doubled rooks on the seventh.g. 68 Rg7 Bee 69 Rh7 rue If 69 . so Black must move the rook on e6 to make room. Mate is forced. . If 69 . 72 . followed by d5 + and so on. which is becoming harder and harder. c5 + 75 K X c5 Rc6 + and the king is driven back. . . 75 .Rg6 75 £5 ! The pawn has had the last word after all. e. Rg6 70 R X g6 B X g6 7 1 Rg7 Be8 72 Kd6 and the blockade of the pawns will be swept away. He has nothing better though. . . White should still win by a timely e4. which is doomed to failure because he is so short of manoeuvring room. The move chosen releases the f-pawn. . . and would normally wish to protect his rook at b7.R X£5 76 Ra8 + Kc7 Or 76 . because of 7 4 . 74 Rb6! Threatening 75 Ra8 + Kc7 76 Rab8 with unavoidable mate. 67 a3 (no hurry l) Kc8 If 67 . .Kd8 73 Ke6. while capturing him allows a different finish.

52.two exchanges against thre"' pawns this time ' The advantage is with the rooks. but his exchange sacrifice is not quite sound and resourceful play is needed to secure the draw.8. 50 especially it is remarkable how White's initiative persists. if the defender has a good active bishop (No. Here the sacrifice is being made for long-term considerations and in No. In Nos. Black walks a tightrope for many moves. but over the board such an unfamiliar position must have been terribly hard to handle. successfully in No. GAME 47 White : Gheorghiu Bucharest. 48. with White obtain­ ing two passed pawns and a dangerous Q-side initiative in No. but good defence earns him a draw. 49 and 50 more sophisticated positional judgment is required. Exchange sacrifices are the theme of the next group. or even possible. If the minor piece is 181 . 54 rounds off the chapter with another example of a peculiar distribution of material . 51 is a dour struggle between two of the strongest modern Grandmasters and the analysis gets very complex. Rooks against minor pieces The first game covers the technique of winning with the exchange against a pawn. Games 52 and 53 show two minor pieces fighting against a rook. which is not always easy. 47). but getting into such an awful tangle in the other game that Black would have been better advised not to win the material in the first place I No. 1 973 Black: Stoica English Opening Diagram 1 1 c4 Nf6 2 Nc3 d5 3 c Xd5 N Xd5 4 g3 N X c3 5 b Xc3 g6 6 Bg2 Bg7 7 Rb 1 Nd7 8 Nf3 0-0 9 0-0 c5 10 d4 Qa5 1 1 Qb3 Nf6 12 Qa3 Q Xa3 1 3 B Xa3 Ne4 14 Rfc 1 b6 1 5 Ng5 NXg5 1 6 B X a8 Bf5 17 e4 RXa8 18 e Xf5 Nf3 + 19 Kg2 Nd2 20 Rb2 Nc4 2 1 Rb3 N Xa3 22 RXa3 (Diagram 1 ) The finish of this game illustrates the difficulties which face the player who is trying to exploit the slight material advantage of the exchange for a pawn. Timman stands better at first. No.

Kg7 28 f4 Kf6 29 Rd3 The rook is of no further use on the seventh and retires to assist the advance of the pawns. 24 Ra6 (also 24 Rc7) g X f5 25 Rc7 Bc5 26 Rc X a7 ! (if 26 RaXa7 Rd8. 27 .Rb8 3 1 . but now the exchange is forced) R X a7 27 R X a7 and White has fairly good winning chances. or even mating threats. and the winning process will therefore involve penetration of his position on squares of the opposite colour. . crippling the majority. 22 . . . . sooner or later. Other moves are possible. as demonstrated here by Gheorghiu. e. . Bb2 with gain of time. normally the weaker side stands a better chance by keeping his rook.g. in order to save his f-pawn. . . 27 a4! Now follows the centralisation of the kings and the advance of the white pawns.a well-placed bishop and the weaker side has a secure pawn structure. 24 . more serious than the isolation of the pawn itself. would be Diagram 2 a serious matter. here. Where the two rooks are fighting a rook and bishop. White's next move. The defender can often use his rook to prevent the enemy king making inroads but then he also has to face the fearsome threats which two rooks can generate. . they should be used as aggressively as possible. c Xd4 23 c Xd4 B Xd4 24 Rd3 Dealing with the threat of 24 . . 26 Rd7 aS Forced. the support of the passed pawn. . the defender's pawns will tend to be forced onto the same colour squares as the bishop for their own protection. the problems may sometimes be insurmountable.e5 32 f X e5 + K X e5 33 Re 1 + Kf6 34 g4 would only 1 82 .Rb8 30 Kf3 ReS 3 1 h4 (Diagram 2) Concerning this type of position generally (where the minor piece is a bishop). which the white king could occupy. he prefers the text move because the following capture on g6 will either supply him with a potential passed pawn or isolate the black e-pawn. . . threatening 27 . However. leaving a won king and pawn ending. . 29 .BcS 25 f Xg6 h Xg6 Taking the other way and conceding an isolated pawn might seem plausible. The result should then be loss of material by Zugzwang or a counter­ sacrifice of rook for bishop and pawn.Rd2. 3 1 . . but in the long run I think the weakness of the white squares e6 and e4. . . is another reason why he preferred the line commencing with 24 Rd3. including mating threats and.

e. 36 Ke4 Bd6 After this. as soon becomes clear. the move chosen is perfectly sound and once again Black must take. . Nor can Black take. . e6. 38 .Rea 33 g4 RhB 34 Rh 1 Bb4 35 hS Threatening 36 h6 and 37 g5 + which cannot be permitted. . . in spite of Black's next move. . . forcing Black by the threat of 38 f X g6 f X g6 39 Ke5-e6 to concede a passed pawn.Kg7 This is best. destroying the guard of the bishop. . Bc5. . g X h5 36 RdX h5 1 he must exchange by 36 . Kg6. . .R X h5 (if 36 . 37 fS This time 37 Rg5 would be a suitable alternative. 32 . . .g XhS 38 R XhS Giving his opponent the unwelcome choice between an exchange of rooks which would deprive him entirely of counterplay (38 . Kg6? 44 Rh6 mate) 44 Kc2 ! when White's basic threat is Rd 1 -h 1 and Rh8 mate. Be3 White has 40 Rh3 Bc5 4 1 h6 + R X h6 42 R X h6 K X h6 43 K£6. If. that White was contemplating the counter-sacrifice 33 Rd X c5 ? 1 b X c5 34 R X c5 Rb3 + 35 Kg4 Ra3 36 R X a5 because his winning chances would be very slim with the black rook in the active position behind the pawn. after 37 . .. . Rg8 37 Rh6 + Rg6 38 £5 wins the b-pawn) and White wins fairly comfortably after 37 g X h5. . . . combinations based on £6 + become possible for White. 32 Rd5 The rook has a job to do on the fifth rank. 37 . However. and Black's game is extraordinarily 1 83 . .g.e6 White would have no useful continuation as 38 £5? would allow 38 . while if 36 . White now intends to sacrifice his a-pawn in the interests of his play on the K-side. . however. 35 . Still. R X a4 43 £6 + Kg8 (43 . supporting the pawn advance. he prepares to blockade the pawn with his king and make a further advance difficult. which is critical and gives him chances in practice but which leaves his king in danger. and if 43 . If instead 36 . . .ReS 37 Rh6 + Kg7 38 Rh7 + mates or wins the rook. .R X h5 39 g X h5 Kh6 40 £6 Bb4 4 1 f X e7 B X e7 and White can even win by 42 Rd7 Bc5 43 R X £7 K X h5 44 Rg7. 39 . . . . Be3 44 Rb3 ! Bd4 + 45 K X £7 and White wins easily. . It's unlikely. .e6 38 Rb5 Bc5 39 Ke5 Black is suddenly very short of moves. when 33 Rd7 leaves the £-pawn a convenient target. . . . rook to b7 and R X b6) and the move played. . . . 37 Rg5 would not do. . This illustrates the point made earlier about playing aggressively with the two rooks. . 41 . he may have had it in mind to provoke 32 . . after which he plays his king to b5. White would probably continue as in the game with 37 £5. Be7. The tempting 41 £6 + turns out to be premature after 41 .increase the scope of the rooks. .Rc4+ 42 Kd3! So that if 42 . . after 35 .RcB 39 gS Rc4+ 40 Rd4 ReS 4 1 RdS (Diagram 3) The repetition is due to the time­ control at move 40. . because after 37 . .

as before. according to circumstances. .Bf4! So that 46 R X e7 may be answered by 46 . so he probes first for another weakness . . . . while 45 .Rc4 + 45 Kd l ( 45 Kb3 Rb4 + 46 Kc3 is inferior because of 46 . 46 Kf3 Rfl + 47 Kg2 If 47 Kg4 Black waits with 4 7 . . . R£4 46 Rd3 a4 47 Rh6' a3 48 Rdh3 and wins) 46 Rd4 e X £6 47 g X £6 Bc7 48 Rg4 + and mates. . Not. . 48 . bishop or e-pawn ! The only possible line seems to be to defend the bishop with the rook and then play . 47 . if he is tempted into 47 . (a) 44 . . Rc4 + 45 Kd l Re4 46 Rd3 Re6 (46 . . . . when White has no mate and his £-pawn is over-extended. . Diagram 3 43 Ke2 . Bd6 46 £6 + Kg6 47 Rh8 obliges Black to part with his bishop. .Rc l Intending to answer 43 £6 + ? by 43 . Be3 and if then 48 R X e7 Rg l + wins the g-pawn. . . so the bishop must move. . 45 . 42 . however. the continuation will be K£3. e. . . Now Black must be careful. . . . Rg4 47 Rdh3 e X £6 48 g X £6 K£8 49 Rd3 Bc7 50 Rd7 Rc4 5 1 Rh8 mate) 47 Rh6 e X £6 48 g X £6 Bc7 (48 .Ra 1 48 Rd4 The intention is to keep open the options of Rdh4 and Rg4. or 46 . but White still has enough. . 49 . After the further 45 Rd£5 Rg l ! leaves the rooks comically paralysed. . since he dare not move his king. Bc5 49 Rd8 + B£8 50 R X £8 + ) 49 Rdh3 and wins. .e X £6 1 44 g X £6 + Kg6. Now 44 £6 + is threatened again. a4 4 7 Rd l R£4 48 Rh6 Be5 + ) Rc6 (if 45 . . Re l 48 R X e7 ! R X e7 49 £6 + mates or forces a queen. . The exchange of rooks by 45 . 43 . . His last move seems overwhelm­ ingly strong. . . R£4 47 Rh6. . . since if 45 . . . Now if Black waits. .Bf4 44 Rd4 Be5 45 Rd7 ! White's ultimate aim i s still to attack down the h-file. K£8? 46 Rd8 + Kg? 47 Rdh8 is immediately decisive. In view of this Black declines the gift. but 45 Rdh4 Kg8 46 g6? f X g6 47 f X g6 Rg l 48 Rh6 Bg7 would be bad. followed by g6 and the passed pawn wins very quickly with the full weight of the rooks behind it. . . 50 g6 Rg l + 1 84 . (b) 44 . Rc7 would be as bad as before but he manages to find a resource. . e X f6. B X g5 ! 4 7 R X g5 + K£6 winning back a rook. .Be3 49 Rg4 But not 49 Rdh4 Rg l + .Bc5 50 Rgh4 With the pressure off the g-pawn this is now the right method. . .g.difficult to disentangle. .

Rg l + 53 Kh2 f X g6 54 Ra7 transposes into the game. .e6 5 1 Rh7+ K£8 (Diagram 4) Once the rooks have broken through there are a number of ways to win. An alternative for White in this line is 57 Rhh7 and this may be better as it prevents the possibility of the defensive move 57 . whether or not he exchanges rooks. . White's actual method is more complicated and he runs it rather fine.fXe6 (or 52 . . it is clear that after his accurate play in the the early stages White missed his chance at move 52 and the remainder is unfortun­ ately something of an anti-climax. . . There is now no answer to the mate threat. Kg8 54 g6 e5 55 Kf3. . . 1 85 . Nevertheless. 52 f X e6 is probably the simplest. . 53 Ra7 Kg8 54 £6 ! 54 f X g6 Rg l + and 54 f X e6 Re 1 both lose the pawn for nothing. threatening 56 g7 among other things. . 53 . . . 50 . Ra2 + 55 Kf3 Rf2 + 56 Kg4 R X f6 57 Kg5 Rf l 58 K X g6 Rg 1 + (mate was again threatened and if 58 . if anything) 53 Rg4 Black is quite lost. Now Black could drive the king across to c2 with checks but there would be little point as the latter could easily return later to the centre.Rg l + 53 Kf3 R X g5 54 R X f7 + which is worse. . especially as he has now been reduced to his last pawn. still keeping the hostile king in the grip of his rooks) 59 Kf6 Rf l + (59 . . . . 52 g6?! fXg6 He must take. . 54 Rg l + ? 55 Kh2 1-0. After 52 . Re 1 ? 60 Ra8 + Bf8 6 1 R X f8 + and mate) 60 K X e6. . . e. In this position White may continue by again doubling his rooks on the seventh and obviously has winning chances but the win is far from certain. Rf7 which can be played in the main variation. but now mate in two by 55 Rg7 + is threatened Black now makes a feeble move which loses at once but White's idea would be brought out more clearly after the stronger 54 . Bf8 59 Rah7 Rg 1 + 60 Kf6 wins the e-pawn.g. Apart from this there is only one way to stop the mate threat.Diagram 4 5 1 Kf3 f X g6 1 with a draw. . . 52 . .

while 30 Bb2 B X b2 3 1 K X b2 a X b5 32 B X b5 Rb8 33 a4 e6 34 d X e6 + K X e6 is rather unclear with the black king coming into action.as Again forced. Bath. . bringing the bishop into a fine position. 30 . . Nc3 + 28 Rc X c3 R X c3 (28 . in order to obtain two connected passed pawns. White will try to avoid the blockade and support the pawns from behind Diagram 1 �. . after the forced move 26 . . .a X b5 3 1 B X b5. e5 and create counter-play with his own passed pawn. when he can follow with . would be much worse . After blockading he will play . since his queen's bishop is already in action. illustrating what is often one of the hardest aspects of the endgame to judge.R Xc 1 + I f 27 . 3 1 Ka2 For the next few moves the plans of the two players will be broadly as follows: Black will try at all costs to impose a blockade on the passed pawns (at the moment he is trying to force White into 3 1 b X a5 B X a5. 28 B X c 1 Nc3 + 29 RXc3 B Xc3 30 a3 He aims to keep his pawns united. 30 . Nb2 27 Rc2 etc. Romania. . . . 30 b X a6? B X b4. . . .GAME 48 White : Eley Black: Drimer England vs. 27 . 1 973 Sicilian Defence An interesting ending from a European Team Championship. . namely the sacrifice of the exchange for one or two pawns. Bc5. . of course. . followed by . 1 e4 c5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 d4 c Xd4 4 N Xd4 Nf6 5 Nc3 d6 6 Bg5 Bd7 7 Qd2 ReS 8 0-0-0 N Xd4 9 Q Xd4 Qa5 10 Bd2 a6 1 1 f3 Qc7 12 Kb 1 g6 1 3 Rc 1 Bg7 14 Nd5 Qc5 15 Be3 Q Xd4 16 B Xd4 Nh5 17 Be3 BeG 18 c4 Nf6 19 Be2 Nd7 20 Rhd 1 Nc5 2 1 Bg5 f6 22 Be3 Kf7 23 b4 Na4 24 Rd3 f5 25 Ra3 B Xd5 26 e Xd5 (Diagram 1 ) In this position. . . .) White sacrificed the exchange by 27 c Xb5.11� �-� 1 86 . would be quite bad for White. B X c3? 29 R X c3 R X c3 30 Bd4 Rcc8 3 1 B X h8 R X h8 32 b X a6 and wins easily) 29 R X c3 B X c3 30 a3 and White is rather better placed than in the game.Rb8). . followed by Bc6. b5 (26 . . or if White captures he will have a passed cl-pawn and his king will be in action. .

. he should win. .a Xb4 3 1 . . 31 . or 37 Be3 Rb7) Rb7 38 Ba6 R X b6 + with a draw. .34 . Ra 1 40 Kc6 and Bb5) 40 b7 Rb8 (or 40 . . for example. 36 . Ra 1 4 1 Kb6 Rb 1 + 42 Bb5 + R X b5 + 43 K X b5 Kc7 44 Ka6 Kb8 45 Kb6 winning Diagram 2 easily) 4 1 Kb6 Kd8 42 Bb5 with Zugzwang 32 . Black has to walk a tight­ rope for the remainder of the game. Ra3 43 BbB 1 87 . is clearly desirable. . . if 42 a5 Ra3 43 a6 Ke7 and White has no useful moves left l 42 . but ultimately Black's own passed pawn saves the day for him. but from this point on there appears to be no clear winning line for White. If. . . as in the game. . . It seems at first sight that 32 Kb3 can be met by 32 . 33 Be3 b3 + ! Without doubt the best drawing chance. . it would not. winning the piece back. . . 32 Kb3.a4 would be dangerous after 32 Be3 e5 33 d X e6 + K X e6 34 b6 d5 35 Bc5 Be5 36 Bb5 etc. have the resource of dropping back to a5. if 37 . if it can be combined with a4. supported by the bishops. 32 .Rb 1 38 Bb3 Rc 1 + 39 Bc2) 38 Kb4 (not 38 b7? Rb8 39 Ba6 Ke8 winning for Black) Ke8 39 Kb5 Kd7 (39 . . . b3 + at once. . However.b X a3 and if 33 K X c3 Ra8. Bd4 35 B X d4 e X d4 36 K X b4 Ke7 37 a5 etc. 34 K Xb3 BaS 35 Ba7 RcB (Diagram 2) 36 b6 If 36 Bc4 Rc7 37 b6 (or 37 Bb8 Rd7. .Rc3 + 37 Kb2 Re3 38 BbS Bc3 + 39 Kb3 Bd4 + 40 Kb4 Bc3 + 4 1 Kc4 Bd4 42 Bc6 It is not so simple to advance the pawns. His pawns look formidable and he plays accurately. . . If he can get the whole of his Q-side moving. since the king would be supporting his pawns in the right way and the black bishop would be awkwardly posted.eS After this White could still have transposed into the line above. . and Black would have been better advised to play 32 . . 32 a4 Probably White missed a chance here. say. . a closer look reveals that White still gets a winning position by 34 b6 a2 35 Bb2 a 1 /Q 36 B X a 1 R X a 1 37 Bc4 1 (not 37 b7? Rb 1 38 Ba6 Rb6 and White is helpless) Ra8 (forced. e5 33 a4 Ra8 (otherwise 34 a5) 34 Be3 and Black is in trouble .with his king. . The move played takes advantage of the fact that he can temporarily sacrifice a pawn to get his king into position.

Notice that Black cannot play 48 .g.53 Bc6 Ke7 54 Kc7 etc. If 46 .Kd4 62 Be8. . if 48 Bd5 + Ke8 and Black may win.h4 65 g3) 62 Kc5 and wins . . After 49 g3. . e3 is unsound.B Xb6 44 B Xd6 Re3 45 Bb8 White's plan certainly looks good and Black is only able to stay alive by means of some ingenious tactics . (b) 55 .Ke6 56 Kb6 Ke5 57 a6 Bf2 + 58 Kb7 h5 59 a7 B X a7 60 K X a7 g5 6 1 Kb6 g4 (or 6 1 . after 49 K X b6 e2 50 Bg3 R X g3 5 1 B X e2 R X g2 52 Bb5 Rc2 White wins by using his bishop as a shelter . . . . . Ke6 56 Kb6 Kd6 57 a6 Bf2 + 58 Kb7 Bg 1 59 h3 (59 a7? B X a7) Ke5 60 a7 B X a7 6 1 K X a7 Kf4 62 Kb6 and wins. . .Bf2 56 Ka6 Ke6 57 Kb7 and wins. e3 here. . Black aims to open the diagonal for his bishop to stop the pawn from h4 via f2 47 f Xe4 fXe4 48 Bc7 If 48 B X e4? Rd4 + . .Bf2 49 d7 Nor can White afford to delay. Bh4. .e4 46 d6 (Diagram 3) Rd3 ! I t is an essential part o f Black's plan to play this at once. Diagram 3 1 88 . . is not promising. e. Other lines are much less attractive. . . if the king is allowed to blockade . . .Giving up one of the connected pawns is a hard decision to make. . . . 45 . . 50 Kb5 Bh4 50 . . . Ke6 47 Bc7 e X f3 48 g X f3 and wins. 43 .Rd4+ This is designed to cut out the possibility of Bd5 + for White If now 50 Kc3 Rd3 + and 5 1 . White has 5 1 d8/Q R X d8 52 B X d8 e2 53 Ba5 e l /Q 54 B X e 1 B X e 1 55 a S and now: (a) 55 . . or 6 1 . 49 . 48 . 49 . Another inadequate line would be 45 Bc5 B X c5 46 K X c5 (threatening Kd6-c7 again) e4 47 f X e4 f X e4 48 Kd6 Rd3 49 Kc7 e3 and Black wins.g. trying to interfere with the bishop's plans. penetrating with the king. 43 Kb5 e4 44 Ka6 e3 45 b7 B X a7 46 K X a7 e2 47 b8/Q e 1 /Q 48 Q X d6 Qa5 + 49 Kb7 Re3 and Black stands better. (c) 55 . e. Kf4 62 Kc5 Ke3 63 Kd5 g4 64 Ke5 Kf2 65 Kf4 Kg 1 66 Kg3 and wins if here 64 . . . Ke6 50 d7 Ke7 5 1 d8/Q + R X d8 52 B X d8 + K X d8 53 B X e4 Bg 1 54 h3 Bf2 55 g4 g5 1 the game is a draw (black king sits on a7 and bishop on h4 and White can do nothing with his extra pawns). . . 45 Kb5 Rb3 + 46 Ka6 e4 47 f X e4 f X e4 48 Bb5 Bd8 49 Kb7 e3 50 Kc8 Ba5 and Black is probably winning. but the other plan. .

g5 58 Bg3 h5! A n excellent move b y which Black brings his pawns into the required position.Diagram 4 5 1 Kc5 Rd l (not 5 1 . . as happens in the present example. In some cases. With the king cut off in this way Black would have time to bring his own king into the game. . 59 B£3 e l /Q + 60 B X e l R X e l 6 1 a 6 Ra l 6 2 Kb5 g4 Checks are useless since the bishop can again shelter its king. 63 BeG K£6 64 Kb6 Ke5 65 a7 Kd4 66 BeB The other way would be: 66 a8/Q R X a8 67 B X a8 Ke3 68 Kc5 Kf2 69 Kd4 Kg 1 70 Ke3 K X h2 7 1 Kf2 h4 with a draw. GAME 49 White: Matulovic Black: Damjanovic Yugoslavia. . Black draws by perpetual check. His idea becomes clear in a moment.Ke3 67 B Xh5 Rb l + 68 Kc7 Rc l + 69 Kb7 Rb l + Yz-Yz. . . . 57 .e l /Q 57 B X e 1 R X e l . Rb5 (or if 58 Kc7 Ra1 again). particularly in the Dragon. because after 57 . However. since he is ahead by several tempi of similar lines which we saw in the note to his 50th move. . and the chance to attack his opponent's weakened pawn structure. 57 Kb4 57 Kb6 is no better. . without even picking up an extra pawn 1 89 . . having already advanced his pawns. . With the text move he brings White's king into a less favourable position. 1 972 Sicilian Defence Exchange sacrifices by Black on c3 have become almost routine in many Sicilian variations nowadays. If he plays carelessly by 56 . . White castles long and the sacrifice opens up his king's position. Sometimes it is just a question of increased middle-game scope for the black minor pieces. or if 70 Ka8 Kf2 7 1 B X g4 K X g2 72 h4 Kg3 etc. when Black starts sacrificing in the endgame. . Bf2? 52 Bd5 +) 52 Bd5 + Kg7 53 dB/Q B X dB 54 B X dB e3 55 Bh4 e2 56 aS (Diagram 4) Ra 1 ! Another dangerous moment for Black. 66 . White wins after 58 a6 Ra 1 59 Kb6 Rb 1 + 60 Kc7 Rc l + 6 1 Bc6 Ra 1 62 Kb6 Kf6 63 a7.Rb l + the king must play to a6 to avoid Black's . Black can now draw by sacrificing his rook. However.

Ba8 24 Rb6 or 23 . Black will soon correct this. Nor is 22 .e. He would have to surrender two pawns immediately. Rc7 24 c4 or 23 .) Bc6 25 c4 d X c4 1 (having the 1 90 . 23 a4 is possible. At this stage White's best policy is to wait. Bc6 24 c4 1 d X c4 25 B X c6 R X c6 26 Rb7 + . . which is vastly more important.in the process. 22 . . . and being condemned to defend quietly while Black slowly brings up his reserves. without committing himself any further. . but would activate his rooks. particularly the bishop. . White should certainly have attempted this. perhaps by centralising his king. but his other pieces.b X a4 24 Rb 1 (or 24 Ra 1 Bc6 25 c4 d X c4 26 Rc3 Bb5 27 Be2 Nd7 etc . Damjanovic has seen that it is White's rooks which are really passive.N£8 23 £5? This is a mistake because his e-pawn now becomes very weak. the sacrifice is a profound idea. don't seem very active. For all that. nor Diagram 1 �w� �a� is it necessary. it's true. . . . . R X d3 24 c X d3 b X a4 25 Ra1 and 26 Bd 1 ) 24 a X b5 a X b5 25 Rb 1 Bc6 26 Ra3 Nf8 with about equal chances . . 23 . . so it was vital for the first player to strike at once. 21 b Xe3 Rea 22 Rd3 A better try would have been 22 a4 R X c3 (not 22 . . but not as good as on the last move after 23 . . Bc6 23 a X b5 B X b5 24 Be2 satisfactory for Black) 23 Rd3 ! R X c2 (or 23 . . Whether the sacrifice is analytically 'correct' or not is almost impossible to say. the temporary inactivity of his knight. without his achieving any kind of counterplay on the £-file. It is in harmony with the position and gives good chances in practice.b X a4 23 Rb 1 1 and Black has problems immediately. and he would be taking advantage of the only real drawback to Black's position. i. . . nor able to bring themselves rapidly into play on the Q-side. one begins to wonder whether some fundamental change has not taken place in the relative values of the pieces ! 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Ne6 3 d4 e Xd4 4 N Xd4 Qe7 5 Ne3 e6 6 Be2 a6 7 f4 b5 8 N Xe6 Q Xe6 9 Bf3 Bb7 10 Be3 Qe7 1 1 a3 ReS 12 0-0 Ne7 13 Qe 1 Ng6 14 g3 Be5 1 5 Rd 1 d6 16 B Xe5 Q X e 5 + 17 Qf2 Ke7 18 e5 Q X£2 + 19 RX£2 d5 20 Rfd2 (Diagram l ) RXe3! How can this be justified? Black breaks up the enemy pawn formation. having little chance to break through into his lines. that is enough.

Ne2 + ) Na2 (33 . so he re­ groups to attack the front c-pawn. . 23 . 27 a4 b X a4 28 Ra l a3 is now out of the question.R Xc3 33 R£3 Nc5 The right timing. he can hardly improve his position: (a) 32 Ra2? N X c3 33 Rb2 d4 wins outright. . should the opportunity arise. Black's only problem is his restricted bishop. the e5-pawn is weak and the white rooks are as passive as ever. .Na2) 33 Bf l (or 33 Bd3 d4 34 Rf3 B X d3 and . 30 Re3 Na4 3 1 Be2 Bg6 Better than 3 1 . . Here 29 . . 27 Ra l Bc6! Heading for g6 and also stopping 28 a4. 28 . . B X d3 Diagram 2 191 . . the knight has reached an ideal square. 32 Bd3 If White tries to defend c 2 in any other way. He must keep White tied up until he is quite certain where he wants to strike. 28 Bg4 White's only plan is to mark time and see what Black will attempt. . in order to give himself two united passed pawns. because his knight will come into play effectively at d5. it is essential for him to remain vigilant to any possible freeing moves. . . White now hopes to exchange bishops and get to f7 with his rooks. and be ready to penetrate with his rooks. (b) 32 Rc l N X c3 (threatening 33 . . 34 Rafl N Xd3 35 c Xd3 RXa3 Naturally he takes this one. . B X d3 34 c X d3 Nc5 35 Rafl would be much inferior. .d4 34 Ree l Na2 35 Rcd l is only weakening. . 36 Rc l RXd3 Not of course 36 .Nd7 24 Re3 Nb6 25 fXe6 Nc4 26 Re2 f Xe6 White's failure to take action has resulted in a deterioration of his game. 33 . . . Bg6 would be a mis­ take because of 30 a4.N X c3 32 Bd3 which leaves White with more active pieces. .white rook at d3 instead of d2 makes all the difference) 26 Rc3 (or 26 B X c6 c X d3 27 Rb7 + Kd8 and White is lost) Bb5 27 Be2 Nd7 and Black stands better in spite of his odd­ looking pawn formation. . . . 32 .d4 as well as 33 . giving chances to the rooks) 34 Ra l R X c2 35 Re2 (35 Bd3 Rc3 36 R X a2 B X d3 37 Rd2 Rc l + 38 Kf2 Be4 also favours Black) R X e2 36 B X e2 Nc3 37 Bf3 Bb l l 38 Kf2 d4 and all the chances are with Black. . which he now takes steps to re-direct. BeB 29 h4 (Diagram 2) Nb6 Since the whole point of Black's sacrifice is that the white rooks have been tamed. .

Diagram 3

37 Rc7 + Kd8 38 Rff7, but if now 37 Rc7 + Kd8 and Black forces an exchange of rooks without losing any pawns. 37 R Xd3 B Xd3 (Diagram 3) 38 Kf2 This position is critical. One would expect three extra pawns to be enough to ensure a win for Black, but there is a shght weakness in his game, inasmuch as his pawns are mostly on white squares, and so White has a chance for blockade. 38 Rc7 + obviously needs to be carefully considered. If Black rephes 38 . . . Kf8 then 39 Rb7 a5 40 Ra7 a4 4 1 Kf2 Bc2 42 Rb7 Bd3 43 Ke3 Bc4 44 Ra7 holds the pawns and keeps the black king confined, and it is White who has any winning chances . However, 38 .. . . Kd8 1 refutes the rook move. If 39 R X g7 b4 40 Rb7 Bb5 4 1 Rb8 + Kc7 42 Rf8 b3 43 Rf2 a5 44 g4 a4 and Black wins easily. If instead 39 Rb7 Kc8 40 Rb6 a5 4 1 R X e6 b4 42 Rb6 (42 Rd6 b3) Kc7 and again White is lost. 38 . . .Bc4 39 Ke3 aS

40 Kd4 a4 41 Ra 1 To permit . . . a3-a2 would restrict him too much. On the whole, sheer weight of numbers usually tells in these cases, since there is a hmit to how many pawns a king and rook can blockade, while still keeping some chances of active play. 41 . . .h5 The plan is to create extra pressure with the king on the K-side, which should be enough to decide things; but if 4 1 . . . Kf7 42 h5 keeps him out, hence the text move. 42 Kc5 K£7 43 Ra3 Kg6 44 R£3 (Diagram 4) Naturally he tries to prevent . . . Kf5-g4. 44 . . . Kh6 Black is probing a httle here, to see which way the rook will go. He has no intention of playing . . . g5, which would only weaken his own position by allowing the rook to penetrate to f6. 45 Rf8 This loses, but White has no fully satisfactory defence. He can choose between two king moves and two rook moves, in the latter
Diagram 4

1 92

case one abandoning the £-file to the benefit of the black king and the other abandoning the third rank to the delight of the a-pawn. The king moves may be discarded: (a) 45 Kd4 b4 46 Kc5 b3 47 R£2 a3 and the pawns are unstoppable; (b) 45 Kb4 d4 46 Ka3 d3 47 R£2 Kg6 48 Kb4 d2 49 R X d2 K£5 50 Rd7 K X e5 5 1 R X g7 Be2 1 and Black should win. The most interesting variation occurs if White chooses to leave the £-file, still keeping an eye on the a-pawn. Then we can see just what resources Black has, and how hopeless it is for White to try to control so many pawns . 45 Ra3 Kg6 46 R£3 d4 1 (this is similar to what happened in the game; in many ways Black is better off without his d-pawn, since the scope of his bishop is virtually doubled) 47 K X d4 Bd5 48 Ra3 (if 48 R£8 a3 49 Kc3 121.±_1 <::·�'i·· ·� · . o..z 50 Kc2 b 3 + and 5 1 . . . Be4) K£5 49 Ra 1 Kg4 50 Ra3 Bb3 5 1 Ra 1 (or 5 1 Kc5 K X g3 52 K X b5 K X h4 with an easy win) K X g3 52 Rg 1 + K X h4 53 R X g7 a3 winning comfortably The beautifully centralised bishop i s the key t o the latter part o f this

ending. 45 . . .a3 46 ReS Trying for a passed pawn, but Black has the same resource as appeared in the last note. If 46 Kd4 (preparing 47 ReS) we have 46 . . a2 4 7 Ra8 b4 48 Ra7 b3 49 Kc3 d4 + 1 50 Kb2 d3 51 Rd7 (5 1 Kc3 d2!) Bd5 and wins . 46 . . .d4! He must on no account allow White a passed pawn, e.g. 46 . . . a2? 47 R X e6 + g6 48 Ra6 Kg7 49 e6 and White is winning. 47 K Xd4 Bd5 48 Rh8+ The threat was simply 48 . . . a2 and if 48 Re7 b4 49 Kd3 (or 49 Ra7 b3 50 R X a3 b2) b3 50 Kc3 b2 5 1 Kc2 Be4 + . If 48 Kc3 b4 + 1 49 Kc2 b 3 + and wins. In view of this, the rook tries to stop the avalanche from the side, which on principle is unlikely to succeed. 48 . . .Kg6 49 Rf8 b4 Now the combination of bishop on white squares and pawns on black makes a blockade impossible. 50 R£2 50 R£ 1 is no better - 50 . . . b3 5 1 Kc3 b2 followed by . . . Be4 or . . . Ba2 50 . . .b3 5 1 Kc3 b2 0- 1 .

GAME 50

White: Ljubojevic Black: Torre Manila, 1 975 Pirc Defence

1 e4 d6 2 d4 N£6 3 Nc3 g6 4 £4 Bg7 5 N£3 c5 6 d Xc5 Qa5 7 Bd3 Q Xc5 8 Qe2 0-0 9 Be3 Qa5 10 0-0 Bg4 1 1 h3 B X£3 12 QX£3 Nc6
1 93

13 15 17 19 21

a3 Nd7 14 b4 Qd8 Ne2 B X a l 1 6 R X a l e6 Rd l a6 18 c3 Qe7 Bc2 Rfe8 20 B£2 d5 Ng3 Rad8 22 a4 d4

23 b5 a X b5 24 a Xb5 Na7 25 c Xd4 N Xb5 26 Qd3 Nc7 27 f5 b5 28 fXe6 Q X e6 29 Qf3 Qf6 30 Qg4 Qc6 3 1 Bb3 Qc3 32 Qf3 Q Xf3 33 g Xf3 (Diagram 1 ) White clearly has compensation for his exchange sacrifice in the form of two strong bishops, a passed pawn and good prospects for his knight after e5 and Ne4. In addition his pawn centre will keep the black knights restricted for some time. In spite of all this, Black's pieces do not appear to be too badly placed and he does have a passed pawn. In fact the most interesting features of the ending are that this pawn plays little or no part in the proceedings and that White sets about exploiting his advantages in such an unhurried way, seemingly unconcerned about his material deficit. 33 . . .Ne6 Here is a selection of possible alternatives for Black: ( 1 ) 33 . . .Nb6 34 Rc l (34 e5 would be inappropriate just here, because of 34 . . . Ncd5, though in other lines it is White's strongest manoeuvre) and now: (a) 34 . . .Ne6? 35 d5; (b) 34 . . . Na6? 35 Rc6 Rb8 36 d5; (c) 34 . . . Rd7 35 e 5 ! and if 35 . . . Ncd5 36 Ne4 Kg7 37 Nd6 Ra8 38 N X b5 etc.; (d) 34 . . .Nc4 1 ? (probably best, because it will be hard for White to ignore the knight and if 35 B X c4 b X c4 36 R X c4 ReS, with a likely draw, though Black remains on the defensive). (2) 33 . . .Nb8, either 34 d5 or 34 e5 Nd5 35 Ne4 and the double threat of 36 Nd6 and 36. 55 � /:J 3:] 34 -rj 36 "]Lf ! £ 6 J.1

Diagram 1

36 B X d5 is unanswerable. (3) 33 . . . Ra8 34 Rc l Ne6 35 e5 with similar play to the game. 34 e5 Certainly the immediate activation of the knight is the best, providing it is tactically permissible, and in fact it is, because if 34 . . .Nf4 he has 35 Be3 N X h3 + ? 36 Kg2 ready. The move chosen is also harmless. 34 . . .Ng5 35 Kg2 Rc8 In the run-up to the time-control Black allows the bishops to form a barrier to his rook. 35 . . .Nb6? would be a blunder because of � Ne6 �but 35 . . .Ra8 guarantees entry at a3, e.g. 36 f4 (not 36 Be3 Ne6 37 Be l Ra l ) Ne6 37 Kf3 Ra3 38 Rd3 b4 39 Ne4 etc. On the other hand White still has plenty of play here and since . . . Nb6 is an important move for Black, he may have intended to draw the bishop off the g l -a7 diagonal for this purpose. 36 Be 1 Ra8 37 Bb4 Nb6 38 f4 Ne6 39 Kf3 (Diagram 2) Nc7 By this means Black succeeds in $'5 ?f ly ]l/ + avd lx JS - f-

1 94

Diagram 2
exchanging off one of the bishops, but the pressure is surprisingly not relieved. An important alternative is 39 . . .Nc4, which leads to the following variations: 40 d5 Nc7 41 Ne4 (4 1 d6 Na6 42 d7 N X b4 leads nowhere) Kg7 42 Nf6 Rec8 (if 42 . . . Rd8 43 Be7 and 44 d6, or if 42 . . . N X e 5 + 43 f X e5 R X e5 44 Ne4, leaving White with a clear advantage) 43 B X c4 ! (if 43 Be7 at once, 43 . . . Na5 is awkward) b X c4 44 Be7 Nb5 45 d6 c3 46 d7 c2 (46 . . . Rd8 47 B X d8 R X d8 48 Rc l leaves Black in great difficulties) 47 Rc l and now: (a) 47 . . . Rc3 + 48 Ke2 1 (not 48 Ke4 ?? Ra4 + and mates I) Nd4 + 49 Kd2 Rc6 50 Kd3 Nb3 5 1 R X c2 R X c2 52 K X c2 Nd4 + 53 Kd3 Nc6 54 Bd6 with advantage; (b) 47 . . . Rc6 48 Ke3 1 (not 48 d8/Q R X d8 49 B X d8 Nd4 + 50 Ke3 Nb3 and wins) and if 48 . . . Nc3 49 R X c2 Nd5 + 50 N X d5 R X c2 5 1 d8/Q with winning chances; (c) 47 . . .Rd8 48 Ke3 Na3 49 B X d8 R X d8 50 Kd3 and White is winning. The invincible 1 95

knight at f6 is the chief point of interest in these lines. 40 d5 NaG 4 1 Bd6 Nc8 4 1 . . . Nc4 now amounts to the same thing. White must give up the bishop, but the knight takes over admirably. 42 Ne4 N Xd6 If he declines to take, then 42 . . .Rd8 or . . . Kg7 43 Rc l leaves him dangerously short of moves. White could continue by Bc7 and d6, for example. 43 N Xd6 Reb8 44 Ne4 Black's difficulties persist, partly because of the enemy passed pawn, but chiefly because of the perfect placing of the white pieces and his complete domination of the centre. The fact that this should outweigh the advantage of the exchange is very instructive. The black pieces throughout give the distinct impression of being squashed around the edges of the board and his passed pawn is still no threat. 44 . . .Nb4 Certainly the best chance, as he must make his rook active down the a-file. 44 . . . Nc7 would be too slow, e.g. 45 d6 Ne6 46 B X e6 f X e6 47 Ng5 b4 (47 . . . Re8? 48 d7) 48 N X e6 b3 49 d7 b2 50 Rb 1 Kf7 (50 . . . Ra l 5 1 R X b2) 5 1 d8/Q R X d8 52 N X d8 + R X d8 53 R X b2 with good winning chances. The only other idea, 44 . . . Rc8, is pointless because the rook cannot enter White's position. 45 d6 Black's intended . . .Ra3 has to be taken seriously, since the bishop has no suitable refuge. However, the threats from the d-pawn

which costs him a rook. . but :+ rg .17-. . . After 47 .R X b3 + is perhaps more straightforward.. though the alternative of 47 . (b) 48 d7 N X b3 49 N X b3 r:BdiD 50 Nc5 Kf8 and White is certainly not winning. which favours Black. 47 N Xa6 RXa6 Having just made one crucial decision.53 Be6 Nc4 and Black is in no danger) f X e6 50 B X e6 + Kf8 and Black can hold the position. so Black's desire to exchange is understandable.R X b3 + 48 Kg4 Rd8 49 Nc7 Black has problems because of the threat of 50 e6. . flt63 � 88 .Kf8 (not 49 . Naturally only a small part of this could be seen over the board. White's choice would then lie between (i) 47 Ke4 and (ii) 47 Rd3 (47 d7 Rd8 transposes into other lines): (i) 47 Ke4 Na5 and now: (a) 48 e6? N X b3 49 N X b3 R X b3 50 e7 f5 + 5 1 Kd5 Kf7 52 Kc6 Ke8 53 Kc7 Ra8 54 Kb7 Rba3 and wins.Ra3 46 Nc5 (Diagram 3) NaG Forcing the issue. R X h3? 53 Rg7 + Kh8 54 Rc7 should win) 53 Rg7 + Kh8 54 Rc7 etc . since it hits at White's one weakness. Black is now faced with the difficult problem of which minor piece to eliminate and he can in fact draw by taking either. 45 . (ii) 47 Rd3 b4 48 d7 Rd8 49 e6 (or 49 Nb7 R X b3 50 R X b3 Nd4 + 5 1 Ke3 N X b 3 ..:b':r s:l 11 x i?� Diagram 3 prevent him from reinforcing the pin.b4 50 e6 f X e6 5 1 N X e6. with a likely draw . . . and also helps lift the blockade of the b-pawn. .::: g T 17x5B Q 11>< 08J. (d) 48 Bd5 Rd8 49 e6 (or 49 d7 Kf8 50 e6 f X e6 5 1 N X e 6 + Ke7 52 N X d8 K X d8 5 1 R X d7 R X b 3 + 52 Ke4 ! Th:-87 . .+ (52 Kg4 Re3 1 i s strong) Rc3 ! (52 . though he will probably have to return the exchange. . . but this is not necessarily so and in the remainder of the game the bishop exerts great power against Black's weakness at f7. . . It might seem that the knight is the more dangerous piece. (e) 48 Nd7 Rd8 49 Nf6 + Kg7 50 Bd5 b4 and again White has nothing clear.ro. but 46 .Nc6(-a5) looks stronger. (c) 48 Bc2 Rc3 49 Nd7 Rd8 50 Nf6 + Kg7 5 1 Bb 1 b4. . As a rule the player with the passed pawn can generate more threats by retaining pieces./1 1 96 . but it seems that the indicated knight manoeuvre would have held the position for Black. . '1.. but he can probably hold the ending by 49 . ·T I><� 52 N X d8 "Nc5 53 N X f7 N X d7 54 Nd6 g5! with a draw) f X e6 50 N X e6 R X d7 ! '?? 00. . the restricted bishop.. . .

though White retains some advantage. If instead 52 . 5 1 . . . . Kf6 and Kg4. . unleashing the rook. . Rb7 53 Bd5 1 Rba7 (53 . i. . 50 . Kf8 49 e6 and White gets two united passed pawns (49 . . but now White's attack is too strong. . . namely the entry of the king and a steady build-up against f7. which are now e6. .Rb7 55 e6 is naturally useless. 49 Rd3 g Xf5 50 Kf4 Not falling for 50 B X f7 + K X f7 5 1 R X a3 Ke6 52 Kf4 b4 when Black's ideal blockading position ensures an easy draw. . Rb6 53 d7 Rb8 54 R X b5 would be bad) 52 K X f5 b4 53 Kf6 Rb6 1 The point. RXb3 5 1 R X b3 Kf8 (5 1 . However.e. 48 f5 ! With the disappearance of the knight White cannot support the cl-pawn effectively. . Rd5 57 Rb6) 57 Kg5 Kf8 etc . . Re3 might also draw) 50 e6 f X e6 5 1 N X e6 + Ke8 52 Re 1 1 Rb2 53 N X d8 + K X d8 54 Re7 Rd2 55 R X h7 R X d6 56 Rb7 Ke8 (56 . Rd7 54 Bc6 and his sole chance of counterplay is gone) 54 e6 fXe6+ 55 K X e6 + Kg7 56 d7 and wins. The right way is to get the bishop in position first. . so a different plan is required. . Rd5. It's astonishing how White's advantage has persisted and even increased as the material has been reduced. .Re l The best defence. . or 52 . . Kg7 52 K X f5 b4 53 e6. .Ra3 If 48 . b4 and it is Black who is winning. . . g X f5 50 e7 + Ke8 5 1 Rg 1 1) so the capture must be made either now or on the next move. . 50 . If 56 d7 + Kd8 57 Rf8 + K X d7 58 R X b8 Re3 +. . by giving back the exchange another way. (b) 54 Kf5 Ke8 55 Ke4 Rb5 ! 56 Kd4 Kd7 and White can make no progress . . . 55 R Xf7 + Ke8 56 Kf4 White still has to be careful in view of the reduced number of pawns.Kf8 5 1 K Xf5 Ra l ? The fatal mistake. either now or at move 5 1 . Diagram 4 1 97 . e. or if here 57 Kf4 Rc5 58 Rf8 + K X d7 59 R X b8 Rc3 winning the last pawn. 48 .49 . stopping e6 and winning the e-pawn in return for his own f-pawn.R X b3 etc. . 52 Rf3 ! (Diagram 4) Covering the king and multiplying his threats. 52 . . . . . he can still survive. 54 e6 would otherwise be dangerous for Black. or if in this last line 58 Be6? Kc7 followed by . . but this pinning move draws. 53 Kg4 Re4+ 54 Kg3 RXe5 54 . .g. (a) 54 h4 h5 55 Kg5 Rb5 56 K X h5 R X e5 + and 57 . still draws.

. but still has no real influence on the outcome I 60 Rh7 K£8 (Diagram 5) 6 1 B£5 ! Because 6 1 R X h6 Kg7 62 Rh4 Kf6 would be very awkward. 1 6 . especially when the knight arrives at e4 and the black king at e6. as long as rooks remain on the board . . . when the knight cannot reach e4. 68 Rg7 + Kh8 69 Rh7+ Kg8 70 B£7 + 1-0. GAME 5 1 White: Timman Montreal. 57 . 63 Kg5 Kg7 Diagram 5 Or 63 .Rd8 58 d7+ RXd7 59 RXd7 h6 Or 59 . 64 Rh7 + Kg8 65 Rc7 Threatening 66 Kf6 again. .Rb6 66 Bg6 b3 67 Kh6 Rb8 If 67 . 65 .Rc5 57 BeG ! F arcing the win of a rook. The exchange of rooks must be prevented.56 . . .b4 60 Rb7 The unhappy b-pawn has survived the general massacre. so 63 Bg8 (or 63 Bg4 Rc4 + and 64 . It is a comphcated process. since both majorities can create threats of their own and at the same time are susceptible to enemy attacks. . . His plan at the outset is therefore to break up Black's pawn position on . 1 979 Black: Hubner Nimzo-Indian Defence 1 c4 N£6 2 d4 e6 3 Nc3 Bb4 4 e3 b6 5 Ne2 BaG 6 a3 Be7 7 N£4 d5 8 c Xd5 B XU 9 K X£ 1 N Xd5 10 Nc Xd5 e Xd5 1 1 Qh5 c6 12 Ne6 g6 13 Qe5 B£6 14 N Xd8 B Xe5 1 5 N X£7 K X£7 1 6 d Xe5 (Diagram 1) Nd7 Best to attack the white pawn by developing the knight at once. after which the presence of a rook pawn and wrong coloured bishop (not controlhng h8) will not permit a draw. . . . Ke6 could be met by 1 7 b4 Nd7 1 8 Bb2 followed by 1 9 Rc l .b3 64 Kf6 Rb6 + 65 Be6 and wins. Although White has an extra pawn. . . . b4 62 RXh6 Rb5 Obviously the only chance. . 6 1 . . Kf8 68 Kh7 b2 69 Rf7 + and wins . 1 98 17 £4 Nc5 The battle between the rival pawn majorities is about to commence. but now White gets a mating attack very typical of these situations. he cannot easily make use of it.b4) Rf5 + and White has at least made things very difficult for himself. and persists to the end of the game.

2 1 . . followed by . . 23 . and thus open up lines for his rooks and bishop. h5 2 1 g X h5 (or 2 1 g5 Kf5 etc . with very strong threats.. White himself now has to play positively to keep his balance. In the face of Black's attack. .g5. . (ii) the black c-pawn is restrained. Ke6 and . White has a perfect target to attack by a4-a5_ 23 Rfl Threatening the decisive 24 f5 + . before White makes too much progress on the other wing. hoping to close the Q-side. it is hard to suggest 1 99 . c5 22 Rab 1 ! A strong move. and thus a httle stronger than the immediate .Rf2 + cannot be prevented. . 24 h4? here is a blunder on account of 24 .Ne4 1 9 Bb2 KeG 20 Ke2 20 g4 would be dubious now because of 20 . Raf8. . . . his pawn advantage should eventually win. as his alternatives indicate: (i) 23 fX g5(?) Rhg8 and Black regains his pawn easily with good play and a further weakening of the hostile pawns.g5! The only correct choice in a rather difficult situation . . . (ii) 23 Ba 1 (continuing with his own plan) RagS 24 g3 (White cannot afford to race. as part of the break-through plan on the Q-side. 22 . because his king gets into trouble. in addition. Black's plan will be to take the initiative on the K-side and try to break up the opposing pawn mass. .the Q-side. in fact. .N X c5 would also be unsatis­ factory here on account of 24 Bd4 when White can either exchange the minor pieces or occupy the seventh rank. to prevent 25 Rb7. . . when the decisive 25 . .Ke6) 20 Rhc l c5 Black can readily continue with . . . 18 b4 It is better to develop the bishop this way for several reasons : (i) it is generally more aggressive at b2 than d2. . apart from the better placing of his bishop. . will not do.) R X h5. 1 8 . if 24 b X c5 g X f4 25 c X b6 R X g2 + 2 6 Kf l Rhg8 etc. He will then be unable to contemplate any serious counterplay on the K -side.immediate and vigorous counterplay. . in view of 23 b 5 1 (better than 23 Bd4 b5!) followed by Bd4 and. 20 . . already threatening action by 23 b X c5 b X c5 24 Ba 1 . which will at the very least force Black to challenge the file. . 22 . f5 becomes a threat at later stages. (iii) with the e-pawn covered. or here 26 Ke 1 f3) h4.h5 2 1 Rhc 1 He uses this rook because the Diagram 1 other one has a future on the b-file. Rah8. c4. . . If he can do that. after 1 8 Bd2 Ne4 1 9 Ke2 h5 (stopping the possibihty of g4 for White. . .

when the position is opened up . since 26 g4 is unplayable for White) and White has problems. . with a clear advantage) 27 b X c5 b X c5 28 Ba l Rg8 (or 28 . . . followed by h4. .a good move for White here Defensive play is obviously inadequate. . so 26 . Did he under­ estimate the speed at which the black rook can be brought into play in the ensuing ending. N X g5 are about of equal value. which is most likely unsound. i. 23 . . is of little value on his own. . . . .h X g3 can be met by 3 1 Re7 + Kd6 32 Be5 + . At any rate 25 Rf4 is better. Likewise 24 Ba 1 is slow 24 . threatening 26 h4. .Rfg8 This and the immediate recapture 24 . or if 34 . g4 (not 24 . or if 26 g X h4 g X f4 and 27 . Rg2 + with a substantial plus in both cases.e. If here 3 1 . Rhg8 25 g3 (or 25 f X g5 R X f l 26 R X f l R X g5 27 g3 h4 1 with advantage) h4 (no need for 25 . . so this capture is now in order. . Ne4 35 Re5 + winning a pawn) 30 . Ke7 26 Rbf 1 ) 26 e X f6 and now the pawn needs to be tackled at once. then we have 25 . N X f6 29 Rb5 Rc8 30 Rb7) 29 g3 h4 30 Rb7 ! (not 30 g X h4 Rg2 + . .Raf8 24 fXgS! With his rook at f l . .h4 and Black is doing well. g4 now. N X g5 White makes use of his strongpoint at f6 by 25 Rf6 + R X f6 (25 . . . or overestimate the strength of his own pawns? Perhaps he thought he would get the worse of it. and Black has simply lost another pawn). . before White attacks in another place. The passive 24 g3 would permit 24 . . . . followed by doubling rooks . . . . (Diagram 2) 25 h4(?) It is not clear why Timman decided on this exchange sacrifice. Ne4 (if 26 . winning a pawn and driving the king far away. his real influence is only evident when he acts in conjunction with his rooks. if he did not sacrifice. Kf5 32 f7 Rf8 33 h X g3 N X g 3 + 34 Kf3 Nh5 35 R X a7 should win. hence the text move. . . . when Black easily regains his two pawns. . . After 24 .25 Rf4. but now 30 . Rhg8? is wrong . A general point of interest in these variations is that the black knight. . N X f6 3 1 B X f6 K X f6 32 Kf3 with a small advantage. . c4 27 Bd4 Ne4 28 a4 N X f6 29 a5 Rb8 30 a X b6 a X b6 200 Diagram 2 3 1 Ra1 etc. neither appearing to quite equalise for Black (of course 24 . 24 . . .R X g5 26 g3. If 26 Rg l h X g3 27 h X g3 Rh8. h4? 25 g4) followed by . . White has other possibilities of dealing with the enemy counterplay. . . . though obviously well placed. .

. .Rd3 + . White has 27 g4 h3 1 (otherwise White plays h3) 2S Rg l and White is holding his extra pawn safely. After 29 . .h4 here. . His rook can therefore come quickly into play and support his mobile Q-side majority. Kf7 ! Black intends . Rd3. 30 b XcS b XcS 3 1 a4! Highlighting the difference. 25 . Hubner's mistake is to try and use his king actively. Re2. The result is that he soon has to waste a move. . since it once again leaves the strong square d4 open to the bishop and the defence of the e-pawn is easy. ReS-e4 against passive play. . If here 34 Ke5 ReS + 35 Kd5 b5 and . while if 35 Ke2 d4) c2 36 Bd2 Rc4 37 Be l b5 3 S Kd2 Rg4 39 K X c2 R X g3 40 Bd2 Rh3 and wins. or attack the other white pawns. b X c5. (b) 30 b X c5 b X c5 3 1 e4 (no time for 3 1 a4 because of 3 1 . Black has a winning game here. White cannot allow his opponent to dominate the file and must rely on the check at f6 to prevent this . where Black gets 201 . . instead of relying on his rook to do the attacking. etc. formidable though they look. . but the rook is still too good for him: (a) 30 e4 c4 + 3 1 Kd4 d X e4 and now (i) 32 K X c4 RdS 33 Bd4 (nothing else stops the pawn) b5 + 34 Kc3 (34 Kc5 a6 35 g3 Kg6 is Zugzwang) a6 and White cannot long prevent . or if 33 Bd4 Kg6 34 Ke3 ReS + 35 Kd2 Re4 36 Bf2 b5 37 Be l Rd4 + and . the black rook is momentarily less effective because the f-pawn is not securely held. .33 b5 Ra4 is bad and 33 b X c5 b X c5 does not help) c4 + 34 Kd2 c3 + 35 Kd3 (35 K X c3 R X e3 + 36 Kd2 R X a3 is worse. because the white passed pawns. In view of this. c4 + is generally undesirable for Black (except as a reaction to White's e4 in some later variations).g. . If now 3 1 . . If 26 . are easily blockaded by his king. 30 Bc3 ReS 31 Bd2 Re4 32 Be l Kg6 33 g3 (he is short of moves . After that the variations tend to branch into two different types: (i) the one which actually occurred in the game. but the difficulties of the ending are clear from the fact that one of the world's best players can mishandle it.Ng3 + 26 Kd3 N X f l 2 7 RXfl Rf8 Round about here the moves of both sides are virtually forced. . . .or by the old plan of Ba l . White must take some action to destroy the black pawns. Black must therefore make another king move before he can hope to use his rook aggres­ sively. . The move . or if 33 Bd4 Kg6 34 Ke3 ReS + 35 Kd2 Re4 36 Bf2 b5 37 Be l Rd4 + . . . . (ii) 32 K X e4 RdS and if 33 Kf5 Rd5 + 34 Ke4 Rd2. though he can hardly claim much advantage in view of Black's pressure on the g-pawn.RbS 32 Ba3? Rb3 + ) RbS 32 Bel c4 + 33 Kd4 d X e4 34 K X e4 RdS 35 Kf5 Rd5 + 36 Ke4 Rd l and wins. RbS 32 Ba3 Rb3 + 33 Kc2 R X a3 ?? 34 f7 wins. e. . Black in turn must exchange this rook if he hopes to make progress. . 28 Rf6 + RXf6 29 e Xf6 KfS? Time-trouble could be responsible for this error.

a strong, but blockaded, passed pawn and is thereafter trying to force White into Zugzwang and (ii) lines where Black wins the bishop for his c-pawn, but has to permit the white king to march up the board and support three far­ advanced passed pawns. These positions appear to be mostly drawn. 3 1 . . .Rea Another way is 3 1 . . . Kg6 32 Ba3 c4 + 33 Kd4 Rb8 34 K X d5 Rb3 35 Be l (35 Bc5 c3 36 Ke6 c2 37 f7 Rb8) c3 36 e4 Rb 1 37 Ba3 c2 38 e5 Rd 1 + 39 Ke6 and Black is best advised to settle for a draw by 39 . . .Re 1 40 Bb2 Re2 etc. (41 Ke7 R X e 5 + , or 4 1 Kd6 Kf7) If he plays 39 . . . c l /Q 40 B X c 1 R X c l 4 1 Ke7 followed by e6 and soon e7, he may still draw (by keeping his rook behind the e-pawn), but this is certainly more dangerous. The move chosen gives stronger backing to the c-pawn. 32 Ba3 Kg6 33 e4 Leading to type (ii) above . Waiting moves give a rook vs. pawns ending similar to the one in the last note, e.g. 33 Kc3 c4 34 Kd4 c3 35 K X d5 c2 36 e4 (not 36 Be l Rd8 + 37 Ke6 because his e-pawn is left in the lurch 37 . . . Rd 1 38 Ba3 Re 1 and wins) c l /Q 37 B X c l R X c 1 38 e5 and again a draw results, though White has to be a bit careful this time: 38 . . .Rd 1 + 39 Ke4 1 (but not 39 Ke6 Re 1 40 Kd5 Kf7 4 1 Kd4 Ke6 42 g6 R X e5 43 g7 Rd5 + and . . .Rd8, winning) Re 1 + 40 Kf4 Kf7 4 1 Kf5 Rf l + 42 Ke4 Ke6

43 g6 Re 1 + 44 Kf4 Rf l + 45 Ke4 Re 1 + and Black has no more than perpetual check. Very difficult variations to assess and it is hardly surprising that Timman chose another line. 33 . . . e4 + 34 Kd4 d X e4 35 KXe4 e3 36 Kd3 e2 37 Be 1 (Diagram 3) Not of course 37 Kd2 Rc4 etc. The final phase of this ending is especially difficult to analyse, and a mass of variations will only confuse the issue. It is best tackled by first stating a number of principles about the various types of more elementary positions which may arise. ( l ) Since the black king's mobility is limited, he can only attempt to win by attacking the a-pawn or the K-side pawns with his rook. The rook's scope is limited, however, on account of the blocked position on that wing (. . . Rc4 and . . . Rc5-f5 are the only possibilities). (2) He has to decide whether to fix the white a-pawn on a4 (by . . . a5), where it cannot be protected by the bishop, but when his own
Diagram 3

202

a-pawn will be vulnerable, or play . . . a6, keeping his own pawn safe, but allowing White to play a5. (3) If White loses his a-pawn, he must keep four pawns on the K-side to draw (the h-pawn is awkward to defend, if he is involved on the other wing, but g 3 + Bf4 is an adequate defence). (4) If both a-pawns are taken, White can draw with three pawns on the K -side (by Be l to defend the h-pawn). (5) If White can hold his a-pawn, he can safely abandon the back g-pawn. (6) If White loses his h-pawn and his back g-pawn he will lose, unless he can win the black a-pawn and make his own a-pawn dangerous (see the note to White's 48th move). (7) Bb2 +g6 is a useful counter­ attacking device, if the black king strays to e6. In the next few moves up to the time-control at No.40 the players are probably trying to avoid committing themselves before the adjournment. 37 . . .Rc6 37 . . .Rc5, heading for f5, is an alternative. Then the regrouping Kd2 and Bb2 is satisfactory for White, but he must be careful: 38 Kd2? Rf5 39 K X c2 Rf2 + 40 Kd3 R X g2 and he loses either the a- or the h-pawn in the face of the threat . . . Rg4. The safest way is 38 g3 Kf7 (waiting; if 38 . . .Rf5 39 K X c2 Rf3 40 Bf4, or if 38 . . .Ra5 39 K X c2 R X a4, leading to the type of position which appears in a later note [(3) above]) 39 Kd2, with Bb2 to follow. 38 g3 Rc7 39 Kd4 Rd7 +

40 Kc3 Rc7+ 4 1 Kd4 Kf7 42 Kd3 Black now makes up his mind and fixes the a-pawns. If he continues to wait, White has to take care not to stray too far with his king, when the rook comes to c5. If, e.g. 42 . . .Rc5, White should play either 43 a5 or 43 Kd2, but not 43 Kd4? Rf5 44 Kd3 Rf3 + 45 K X c2 R X g3 with . . .Rg4 to follow. (In fact 42 a5 would have been the simplest way to hold the position; after Black's next move the game is still drawn, but White is running things rather close.) After 42 . . .Rc5 43 a5 Rc6 44 Kd2 (or 44 Kd4 ReS 45 Kd3 Rc5 and 46 Kd2 is forced anyway) Rc5 45 Kd3 R X a5 46 K X c2 Rb5 gives us an example of the ending where Black's single passed pawn i s just insufficient. He must keep the king cut off, if he hopes to win, but then the king and bishop can organise a defence. A likely continuation would be: 47 Bd2 a5 48 Be l a4 49 Ba3 Rb3 50 Bd6 Ke6 51 Bf4 Rb5 52 Be l Rb7 53 Bb2 ! (the only chance; his passed pawns save him by threatening 54 g6) Kf7 54 Ba3 ! (another subtle point; 54 Be l loses by 54 . . .Rb3 55 Bf4 Ke6 56 Bc7 Rb7 and 57 . . . a3, but now 54 . . . Rb3 55 Bd6 Ke6 56 Bf4 transfers the move to Black and draws 56 . . . Rb7 57 Be l etc. This is a mutual Zugzwang, both sides being short of moves !) Rb6 (the last try is an exchange sacrifice, but the pawn ending is still only a draw) 55 Bb2 Ke6 56 g6 R X b2 + 57 K X b2 K X f6 58 Ka3 with a
203

Diagram 4

Diagram 5

draw because the white king reaches f l , as can easily be checked. Returning to the game: 42 . . .as 43 Kd4 Rea Planning . . .Rc5-f5 after the king is forced back. 43 . . .Ke6 is less good as a waiting move for reasons already indicated, viz. the possibihty of a dangerous g6, when the bishop has settled on the long diagonal. 44 Kd3 ReS (Diagram 4) 45 Kd4 45 Kd2 Rc4 amounts to the same thing. 45 . . .R£5 46 Kd3 R£3 + 47 K X e2 RXg3 48 Bd2 Of course White must counter­ attack as quickly as possible, and now the obvious 48 . . . Rg4 gives only a draw after 49 B X a5 R X h4 (or 49 . . . R X a4 50 Be l ) 50 Kb3 Rg4 (50 . . . Rh l -a l is no improvement) 5 1 Bc7 R X g5 52 a5 Rc5 (forcing the bishop off one of the important diagonals, but to no avail) 53 Bb6 Rc6 (or 53 . . .Rc l 54 a6 Ra l 55 a7 h4 56 Kb4, threatening 57 Ba5, and Black must sacrifice his rook) 54 Kb4 h4 55 Kb5 ReS (or

55 . . .h3 56 Bg l Rc l 57 Bh2 Rc2 58 Bd6 h2 59 B X h2 R X h2 60 a6 with a draw) 56 a6 h3 57 Bg l and a draw is inevitable . In view of this Black continues to test his opponent with 48 . . .Rg2 49 Ke3 Not 49 Kd3? Rg4 50 B X a5 R X h4 and wins the a-pawn. 49 . . .KeG ! Not a s innocent as i t looks ! With the king one step nearer the Q-side, the danger from White's a-pawn is reduced, and his own threat of . . .Rg4 becomes effective. Thus, if 50 Be l , covering the h-pawn and still aiming at Black's a-pawn, Re2 5 1 Bd2 Re4 52 Kb3 R X h4 53 B X a5 Rg4 54 Bc7 (54 Bd2 h4, naturally) R X g5 55 a5 Black has 55 . . . Kd7, winning easily with his passed pawn. Again White's only hope is to exploit the dark side of . . . Ke6. 50 Kd3 ! This beautifully precise defence holds the draw. 50 . . .Rg4 5 1 B X a5 RXh4 204

(Diagram 5) 52 g6 ! Rh3 + If 52 . . .R X a4 53 f7 Rf4 54 Bb4 h4 55 Ke3 1 (entering the square of the black pawn) draws. If Black tries 53 . . Ke7 here, 54 Bb6(-c5) also draws. 53 Kc4 K X£6 54 Bd8 + K Xg6 55 aS Once more the bishop is as good as the rook. 55 . . .K£7 The only possible winning chance is to block the white pawn with his

king, but he has too far to go . 56 a6 KeG If 56 . . . Ke8 57 Ba5 and Black has to scramble back with his rook to draw (57 . . .Rh2-c2 + ); it is best to leave the rank open in order to answer 57 Ba5 by . . .Rg3-g8. 57 a7 Ra3 58 Bb6 Kd7 58 . . .h4 59 Kb4 also obhges Black to sacrifice his rook. 59 Kb4 RXa7 (or 59 . . .Ra6 60 Kb5) Y2 -Y2 .

GAME 52

White: Garcia Madrid, 1 973

Black: Karpov Sicilian Defence

One of the hardest types of endgame to assess correctly is two minor pieces against a rook and pawn or two pawns. In the middle-game the two pieces will often be preferred, but in the endgame the rook comes into his own and, especially in a wide-open position, may sometimes outshine a bishop and knight even without a pawn majority. In this type of situation, however, a pair of bishops can be a very different matter, and in the present game they show clearly their superiority over bishop and knight, which often have difficulty in combining together effectively.

1 e4 c5 2 N£3 e6 3 d4 c Xd4 4 N Xd4 a6 5 Bd3 N£6 6 0-0 d6 7 c4 Qc7 8 Qe2 g6 9 f4 Bg7 10 Kh 1 0-0 1 1 Nc3 b6 12 Bd2 Bb7 13 N£3 Nc6 14 Rac 1 Rae8 15 Qf2 Ng4 16 Qg 1 f5 17 e X£5 g X£5 18 h3 Nf6 19 Nd5 Qd8 20 Q Xb6 Q Xb6 2 1 NXb6 (Diagram 1 ) Ne4! Rather than capture the intruding knight at move 1 9, which would have opened up the hnes for White's pieces, especially his Q-rook, Karpov has sacrificed his weak b-pawn to obtain active play for his own forces, and also
205

Diagram 1

. 22 . . Nc5 1 (protecting the bishop. . . . 22 B X e4 Black gets some advantage after this. . .h6. Black would then regain his pawn with the better game by 22 . . but as played the answer would be simply 26 . and the white majority on Diagram 2 206 . which is not an easy job here. . it can establish itself at e4 and combine effectively with a rook against g2. not 22 . .d4 27 N X e4. . In the last line Black's bishop is a much better piece than White's. 23 Ne l Nd4 (threatens 24 . . then 25 c X d5 e X d5 26 Rc7 would clearly be a con­ siderable nuisance now. . . . 23 . . White now surrenders the two knights for a rook in the hope of making something of his extra pawns on the Q-side. The reason for going to dS is made clear in the note to Black's 24th. Black's position looks ragged with all his pawns isolated. . . .dS If the knight had gone to d4 at move 23. B X b2? will still not do because of 24 Rb l Bg7 25 Nd7 etc. . and we have to examine the positional factors to decide who has the advantage. but it leads to a complicated situation.B X b2? 23 Rb l Bg7 24 Nd7) 23 Bc2 B X b2 24 Rb l Bg7 25 Nd7 (or 25 Na4 Re7 26 N X c5 d X c5 and Black stands better) and now either 25 . . . e. 24 Rfe l He can save the knight by 24 h4 h6 25 Nh3 B X b2 26 Rb l Bd4 but Black obviously stands much better in that case.. . . That the white rook can be trapped in its own territory is a drastic illustration of Black's potential here.Nd8 ! 23 . e3 to follow) Nf5 25 Bc3 (or 25 Nc2 e3 26 N X e3 Bd4 27 N X f5 R X f5 or here 26 B X e3 N X e3 27 N X e3 Bd4) e3 26 Rfc2 Be4 27 B X g7 K X g7 and Black wins the exchange. 25 Nd7 h6 Not 25 . . Rf5 26 g4 and if 26 .Ng3 + ) 24 Rf2 (or 24 Rd l Nf5 with . .N X d7 26 R X b7 Nc5 27 Rc7 ReS or 25 . whereas 23 Ne l would leave him in a bad position with no counter-chances. . .fXe4 23 NgS Here the knight gets into trouble. Ng3 + or . . but 23 .g.Rf7 26 N X c5 d X c5 27 Ba4 ReS 2S B X c6 B X c6 29 Ne5 B X e5 30 f X e5 Rb7 with a plus to Black in both cases. 26 NXe4 d Xe4 27 N X £8 RX£8 (Diagram 2) The material is now roughly balanced. Nd4 might seem a more active way of covering the e-pawn. . .a passed pawn. as White doubtless appreciated. . but it is not clear that 22 Be l is any better. Ne2 and 25 . 24 .

(d) 34 g3 e X f4 35 B X f4 B X a2 with advantage to Black in every case) B X e 3 + 32 R X e3 R X f4 33 b5 a X b5 34 c X b5 Bd5 and the position is still unclear. 28 b4 BeG 29 a4 !? A difficult decision to have to make over the board.Rf5 30 Kg 1 (not 30 g4?? e3 + and . These have become very powerful with the opening up of the position and are sufficient to tip the scales in favour of the second player. however. .R X f4? does not work. . .the Q-side seems menacing. 30 RXe4 BeG 3 1 Re2 hS 32 Kh2 h4 White's game is strangely passive all of a sudden. . eX d2) Bd4 + 3 1 Be3 ! (sacrificing a pawn to exchange one of the bishops if 3 1 Kh2 e5 32 b5 a X b5 33 c X b5 Bd5 and now (a) 34 f X e5 B X e5 + 3 5 Kg 1 B X a2.BhG 3G Rfl The more active-looking defence 36 Be5 results in the exchange of the bishop after 36 . .Nf7-d6-e4 etc. if 29 . Then we have 29 . After 36 K X f4 Bh6 + 37 Ke5 B X c l 3 8 Kd6 Bf4 + 3 9 Kc5 Black will be lucky to draw. Of course Black need not check at d4 and lose his bishop. . . . and above all Black has his bishops. . . . . White reduces his own potential on the wing in order to be rid of the annoying black centre pawn. . His alternative was to support his majority with 29 Rb 1 (29 b5 a X b5 30 c X b5 B X b5 3 1 R X e4 Bc6 and . His pawn majority is blockaded since Black has . and one of his problems is to find (or create) some weakness for his bishops to exploit. . . (b) 34 g 4 R X f4 1 3 5 B X f4 e X f4 36 Rbd 1 Ne6. but the elimmation of one of the bishops would seem to have improved White's prospects. 33 g3 h Xg3+ 34 KXg3 Kh7 35 Be3{ ! ) Trying to exchange one of the bishops and relying on the fact that 35 . (c) 34 a4 e X f4 35 a5 e3 36 Bb4 B X g2 ! 37 K X g2 f3 +. . He first has to give his attention to the restraint of the Q-side pawns. On the other hand Black also has a passed pawn. . and if he does nothing Black will gradually consolidate and strengthen his game along the lines of . 29 . the game is nevertheless very far from being a clear win for Black. which at the moment is restraining White rather than threatening to march. B X f4 4 1 R X e6 B X c l 4 2 R X c6 is not clear) 4 1 Kf 1 Rg6 and Black stands 207 .Nf7 37 Bc7 (or 37 Bc3 Nd6 and the knight comes strongly into play via f5 or e4) ReS 38 Be5 N X e5 39 R X e5 Rg8 + 40 Kf2 Rg2 + ! (40 .Rf5. As played the indirect exchange of his centre pawn increases the scope of Black's bishops even more. . Having said that.the black Q-bishop would find a nice spot at d5 and the other black pieces would also centralise rapidly). . Bd5 is inferior . e5 30 b5 aXb5 3 1 a X b 5 ! Bb7 32 f X e5 B X e5 33 c5 and White stands better . . Rf5 if he wishes. . .B Xa4 Now that the a-pawn is lending its weight Black must capture. . but then comes g4 for White and at least he gets some activity by forcing b5. 35 . . .

. Be8 43 Ra7 Bg6 44 RXa6 Bd3 This way he takes the sting out of White's pawn advances on the Q-side and secures a useful post 208 . . . . . . . B X e5 + . . . . Rf4 with increased pressure on the pawns. Rf5 or . The rook cannot now attack anything (say 4 1 Rc7) because 4 1 . The quieter defence 40 Rfe l may well have more to recommend it. after (38 R X e6) Rg2 + (38 . .Diagram 3 better. Bb7 40 Re7 wins. what can Black do? (a) 39 . . Bf4 + and . . . . . . . .Nd6-f5 etc. or 41 .Rg3 +) Rg4 44 R X a6 RXh4+ 45 Kg3 R X c4 and Black should win. to say the least. Probably his best line in that case would be 40 .Rg6 + 40 R X c6 R X c6 4 1 c5 (probably Black's best) but now Black is in no position to stop Rb l and b5. 40 . . after which the win would be problematical. 40 Rf7 An aggressive attempt to achieve counter-play for his rooks.Ba8 40 R X a6 Be4 (40 . 38 . aiming at . . . . Kh5 42 Kh3 If 42 Ra7 Bh6 43 Rf2 (he cannot stand .Ra2 + 4 1 R X a8 R X a8 and Black will certainly not win) 4 1 Re6 and the bishop can be perpetually attacked. (d) 39 . he may have missed a chance here. e.Rb8 the only move is 41 h4 which unfortunately exposes this pawn to the attentions of the black king. Bf3 is devastating (42 Re3 B X e5 + ). Both players may have been short of time.Bf3 42 Rf2 and Black gets nowhere with his bishop manoeuvres. . Since Black is still threatening the e-pawn and since 4 1 Rff2 loses the b-pawn after 4 1 . .Rf2 + 40 R X c6 (40 Kg l will also do) R X f l + 4 1 Kg2 should be a draw. .Kh6 The simple unpinning move high­ lights the disadvantage of White's occupation of the seventh. . 40 . .Bf8 41 Rb l Bh6 42 Rf l . 4 1 . . 42 . . . . (b) 39 . . Nd8 39 Re7 +) 39 Kh l . . and White at least assumed that he could not take at e6 because of the discovered check. . Rf8. . . . Nd8? 40 R X c6 wins.g. 36 . . If 42 Rc7 Bf3 43 Re3 Kg4 ! 44 Ra7 Bh6 with a terrific attack. exchanging off the last pawn. . . . However. . (e) 39 . . . .Rg8 + 37 Kh2 N£7 (Diagram 3) 38 Be5 To stop . (c) 39 .N Xe5 39 fXeS Bg7 Threatening 40 . if then 45 R X f3 K X f3 46 R X a6 Bf4 + 47 Kh l Rg4 is a mating attack (48 Ra3 + Be3 49 Ra2 R X h4 + 50 Rh2 R X h2 + 5 1 K X h2 Bd2 5 2 b 5 Be3 wins comfortably). and ultimately loses it.

Be2 .Ra l 49 Rh7 (Threatens mate !) Rh l + 50 Kg2 RXh4 5 1 Kg l Hereabouts Black has some difficulty in disentanghng his K-side. 50 Kg2 Bd5 + 5 1 Kf l Rb2 52 R X e6 Bc4 + Diagram 4 53 Ke 1 still leaves things unclear. . . the black rook will be very effective in attacking the isolated pawns. .Rf4 + 52 Kg2 Bfl + 53 Kg 1 Kh4? 54 Rg6 wins. B X e5 is now inferior after 46 R X e6 Rg3 + 47 Kh2.Rb2 if White stays passive) 49 Rgg6 Bfl + 50 R X f l (50 Kg3 Rg2 +) K X g6 5 1 Rf6 + Kh5 52 Kg3 (52 R X e6? Bf4 ! wins) Ra3 + 53 Kg2 Ra6 and Black should win 48 .B Xc4 46 Ra3 (Diagram 4) Or 46 Ra5 Rb8 4 7 Rb2 (47 Rf7 Kg6) Bb5. . The move played makes it easy for him by allowing 5 1 . 47 Rg3 Ra8 Black avoids the rook exchange for the time being for two general reasons : firstly. Bb5. 46 . . . . but instead Black has 4 7 .g. Rb8: (a) 48 Rb2 ? Bf l + 49 Kh2 Bf4. for example his rook is restricted to the h-file for the time being to stop Rh3 + . . . . . Bf4(1) 50 R X f4? (or 50 R X e6? Bf l + 5 1 Rg2 Rb3 mate) K X g6 and the last pawn is safe. In hne (b) Black can try 49 . the two bishops will combine very well with the rook in attacking the enemy king and. winning the e-pawn. 5 1 Kf2 would certainly have given Black some tough problems to solve. . when Black can achieve nothing with his discovered checks. secondly. Re2 or . . aiming to 209 . If he tries 5 1 . However. (a) 51 . 45 Rf2 ! This rook can be used in a more active way than the defensive 45 Re3. (b) 5 1 . whereas the bishops alone would find it hard to get to grips with them. since 45 . . . . . . . 48 Rf7 If 48 Rf6 Ra2 1 (intending . B X e5. Rg3 + 48 Kh2 Re3 + (48 . Bh6? Karpov avoids 46 . Some curious variations could arise after 47 . Bd5 is even stronger) and he must be winning. perhaps because of 47 Ra5 Bd5? 48 R X d5 e X d5 49 R X f5 + . especially since he could hardly have been short of time at move 46. . . Very strange for such a player to miss this.for himself at d5. . . . . . . Bd5 52 b5 Be4 53 Rh8 Rh2 + 54 Kg 1 Rh 1 + 55 Kf2 Bf5 56 Rb3 Kg4 57 Rg8 + Kf4 58 b6 Rh2 + 59 Rg2 R X g2 + 60 K X g2 Be4 + 6 1 Kf2 Bb7 6 2 Rc3 with a draw. (b) 48 Rf6 R X b4 49 Rgg6 Bfl + 50 R X f l K X g6 5 1 Rf6 + wins the last pawn and should draw. e. . 45 . .

. . . Bd6. . See the note to White's 60th . The strongest position for White is the one he is now aiming for. Be3 + leads to mate) Bf4 58 Ra4 (58 Rh8 + Kg5 59 Rg8 + Kh6 and Black wins the e-pawn) Kg4 59 Rg8 + (59 b6 Kf3 wins as in the main line) Kf3 60 Ra3 + (or 60 Ra l Be3 + 6 1 Kh l Be4 wins) Be3 + 6 1 Kh l (6 1 Kf l Rh2) Be4 and wins . . if 64 Kg4 Bg7 65 Rg8 Kf7 and .Kf5 65 b7 KXe5 66 Kg4 Be3 67 Kg3 Bg5 At this point White played 68 Kf2? and after 68 . . The question is 210 . Bc6 and then brings his king round to pick up the pawn (not immediately . with gain of tempo. . . . . 6 1 .Kd4 because of Rd8!). .RXg2+ 6 1 K Xg2 (Diagram 5) Black is now in a position to pick up the e-pawn quite easily. 60 . .Be2 52 Kf2 Bg4 53 b5 Bf5 Now that h3 is covered. after which one might expect the win to be straightforward. The indications are that this pawn is so strong that no win is possible given the best defence by White. . B X e5. However. but gives White the chance to play 60 Rg2. . g6 and f5. since the necessity to break the grip of the white rooks is now more important than the considerations mentioned in the note to Black's 47th. the black rook can come behind the passed pawn. . 54 Rh8 Rb4 55 Rg 1 If 55 Rb8 Rb2 + 56 Kg l Kh4 and Black gets a strong attack : 57 Ra3 (if he leaves the third rank 57 . . Be7 0-1 because if 69 Re8 Bc5 + and 70 . 60 Rb8. . . the b-pawn will have something to say about that. 58 Rg3 Rb2+ He could exchange rooks immediately. . leads back into the losing variations outlined in the note to his 55th move. 55 . . . 59 Kg 1 Bf5 60 Rg2 The point is that White's only other feasible move here. with rook at b8 and pawn at b7. if 64 Rd8 (threatening 65 R X d5) Kf5 1 65 Rd7 Bf4 + 66 Kf2 B X e5 67 b7 Ke4 ! after which the bishops hold the pawn back while Black plays .Rb2+ At this point Black is trying to exchange rooks. . .Be4 + 62 Kg3 Kg6 63 b6 Bd5 64 Rb8 This is definitely best. after which his king is left one square further back. then 52 Re7 drives the bishop back. 5 1 . 64 .Diagram 5 make his way to g4 via e8. . 56 K£3 Rb3 + 57 Kf2 Be4 Again threatening the b-pawn. B X b7 and otherwise he has no defence against 69 .

In general he must of course avoid rook checks and any rook move which would attack a loose bishop. or 72 . . It is hardly possible to advance the pawn very far. . 1 g3 dS 2 N£3 N£6 3 Bg2 Bg4 4 e4 B X£3 5 B X£3 e6 6 e XdS e XdS 7 d4 Ne6 S Ne3 e6 9 0-0 Be7 10 Be3 0-0 1 1 Re l Nd7 12 Na4 B£6 13 Qd2 ReS 14 NeS N XeS 15 RXeS Qb6 16 Rfe l Be7 17 R5e2 RedS lS a3 aS 19 Bg2 a4 20 £3 NaS 2 1 Qe3 Nb3 22 Rd l B£6 23 B£2 Rd6 24 e3 Re6 25 Qd3 RfeS 26 RXe6 Q Xe6 211 27 Be l Qe2 2S QXe2 RXe2 29 Be3 Be7 (Diagram 1 ) At this point Black is threatening . for example . (b) 6S Kg4 Bf6 69 Kg3 1 (and not 69 Kh3? Kf5 ! Zugzwangl . . Ke4 would permit ReS with a draw. The only winning method would therefore seem to be to manoeuvre the K -bishop to d6 and this can only be attempted via e l and b4. . . but 70 Kh3 Bb4 7 1 RdS ! B X b7 72 RbS still draws) Bd4 (69 . . . but with a correct defence I cannot see how Black ever achieves anything. He has held some advantage since the early middle­ game. Bb2 73 Kc2 Ba3 74 RaS) 73 Ke2 (73 ReS B X b7 74 RbS Be4 + . since it is needed to cover the king and to provide supports for the bishops. 1 973-4 Catalan Opening Following on the Garcia-Karpov ending (No.Bd2 70 RdS? Be l + wins. or 73 Kc3 Ba7 74 RaS Bd4 + wins) and Black again makes no progress. 52). . this game illustrates in quite a drastic way the difficulties which may face a bishop and knight in their struggle against an active rook. GAME 53 White: Miles Black : Kuzmin Hastings. so leaving Black little . B X a3 . provided the white king hides from as many checks as possible at h3 and h2 The square d2 will not do for the bishop because of RdS. 69 Kh5 Kf5 70 Kh6 e5 is also bad) Kf5 70 Kf2 (forced.69 . . 70 Kh3 Be4 is Zugzwang again) Bd4 + 7 1 Ke2 K�5 72 Kd3 Bb6 (72 . So White has to be very careful where he puts his king. In addition he must never leave the pawn.whether Black could win against any defence. if they are unable to co-ordinate properly. . Bf2 70 RfS) 70 Kh2 Bb6 7 1 ReS B X b7 72 RbS with a draw . Bc5 73 ReS. . . and has worked out an involved combination aimed at breaking up White's brittle defensive formation on the Q-side 30 Bf l Preparing either 3 1 Bd3 or 3 1 Bb5. From these considerations we can produce the following variations: (a) 6S Kg4 Be3 69 Kh3 1 (69 Kg3 is also playable .

30 . .g5 He advances two squares because the aim is to open up the whole position on the K-side as soon as possible in order to free the minor pieces. 32 B Xb2 B Xb2 33 Bc2 Not 33 Bb l Nc l 34 Kf l a3 and White must either play 35 R X c l without much chance in the long run. . in spite of the opposite bishops. 3 1 . with a double threat of mate and Rb4 winning a piece. g6 38 Rb4 b5 39 R X b5 Be l 40 Ra5 (or Diagram 2 212 . g6 38 R X b7 Be l 39 Rc7 Nb2 1 and 40 . 3 1 b X a3 R X c3 is hopeless. for example) 37 . . likewise 31 Bb5 B X b2 32 B X b2 R X b2 33 B X a4 Nd2 etc. . . . . . 33 . this results in a a number of weak pawns which are targets for the rook.Diagram 1 choice but to strike immediately.Nc 1 34 B Xa4 Ne2 + 35 Kf2 Nc3 36 Rd3 ! (Diagram 2) Is this what Black missed? After 36 Bc2 N X d l + 37 B X d l his winning chances are slender. . . 35 Ke l would lose after 35 .N Xa4 37 Rb3 Intending 38 R X b7.Bc3 + 36 Kf l a2 etc. . . Nc4. and it seems that he would have done better just to bring the king up to the centre. 36 . but now he is in trouble because the minor pieces are almost paralysed.e5 would free Black. or mark time while the b-pawn advances. 37 . 37 . without this tempo (if the black pawn were on h6 instead of h7. . If here 39 Rb l Bb2 40 Ke2 e5 4 1 Kd3 e X d4 42 e X d4 Kg7 43 Kc2 (threaten­ ing 44 Kb3) B X d4 44 Rb4 Bg l 45 R X a4 B Xh2 46 g4 Kf6 and Black is certainly not losing. so he tries for more. . Rc l 3 2 R X c l N X c l 33 Bb5 Na2 3 4 B X a4 (34 b X a3? N X c3 35 Bd3 b5 wins for Black) N X c3 35 b X c3 Bb2 gives Black few winning chances. . . but gets into difficulties as a result. . . Tactically the position is very delicately balanced and depends on one tempo. .B Xa3 3 1 Bd3 Of course.RXb2 ! ? 3 1 . . However. For example : 37 . . .

this would be exception­ ally difficult to see over the board. Alternatives do not appear to be any better: 42 . . . 38 Ke2 e5 39 Kd3 £5 40 Rb4 Better than 40 R X b7 f4 and now: (a) 4 1 Rb4 f X e3 42 d X e5 (42 R X a4 e X d4 with a likely draw) Nc5 + 43 K X e3 B X e 5 4 4 Rb5 with a draw. or 40 Rb 1 Bb2 4 1 Ke 1 e5 42 Rd 1 Bc3 + escaping) Nb6 and Black is quite safe. (b) 40 Rb4 b5 4 1 R X b5 Ba3! 42 Ra5 Nb2 + 43 Kc3 Nc4 and Black cannot lose. White makes what is probably the best choice. 42 . Black rightly prefers to stir up complications with 4 1 . with a similar position to that reached in the game in a few moves. Diagram 3 213 . . Nc5 + 44 Kc4 1 wins) 44 K X d4 followed by 45 R X f5 and Black is lost. In view of this. (b) 4 1 g X f4 g X f4 42 e X f4 B X d4 again drawing. The analysis indicates that Black can escape the loss of a piece on the Q-side by a hair's breadth . B X d4 with a draw) and White has good winning chances . . . .40 Ke2 Nb2-c4. as above. .e X d4 43 R X g5 + Kf7 44 e X f4. . . which is worse for Black. . . in this last line 44 R X e5 Be l is no better for White) h6 44 K X e3 (not 44 Ra5? Nb6 45 Rb5 e2 and 46 .b5 4 1 RXb5 £4 If 4 1 . Nb6 43 Rb5 Na4 44 Rb4 e X d4 45 e X d4 winning a piece. . 43 e X£4 Faced with a host of possible captures.White is nicely consolidated and the black pieces are still in trouble. 42 RXd5 If 42 Rb4 f X e3 43 R X a4 e X d4 or 43 d X e5 Nc5 + . 40 . Even so. and one can fully understand his decision to take more violent measures. who faces three united passed pawns) 44 h X g3 with a winning position . g X h2 44 R X g 5 + Kf7 45 Rh5. . . 37 . . . . After the move played White gains time by attacking the cl-pawn. . .f X e3 43 R X e5 (not 43 d X e5 e2 ! 44 Kd2 Be l + I 45 Ke 1 Nc3 with an unclear position. f X g3 43 R X e5 h6 (or 43 . . g6 38 Ke2 Kg7 39 Kd3 (or 39 Rb4 b51) Kf6 and now (a) 40 Kc2 Bc3 4 1 Ra3 b5 with a draw. . Ba3 42 R X d5 (42 Ra5 Nb2 + 43 Kc3 Nc4 44 R X d5 N X e3 is less good) e X d4 43 Ra5 Nb2 + (or 43 . 42 . .g4 (Diagram 3) Re-doubling the difficulties of the position. nor 43 Ra5 Nb6 44 d X e5 Nc4 1. in each case with a probable draw 42 . 42 . f4. .

. . . e X f4 44 g X £4 g X £3 45 Ra5 Nb6 46 Rb5 £2 47 Ke2 B X d4 Black actually has the advantage.K£7 49 Ra8 Bb2 ! (Diagram 4) It must be this square.Nb6 44 . 48 . which is by no means certain. . while 44 f X g4 f X g3 45 h X g3 Be l is a probable draw. if 49 . . but can safely probe for a while on the Q-side. Be l 50 K X c5 g X £3 (50 . and if 46 Kd2 f2 etc. so White's best is 45 f X g4 f X g3 46 h X g3 and he still has chances because the black pieces are thoroughly disorganised. Nb6 46 Rb5 Na4 47 Rb4 wins) 46 Kc2 wins a piece safely. 43 R X e5 f X e3 44 f X g4 Be l with some advantage to White. which certainly appears to be necessary. After 43 . . Alternatives show how careful he must be if he is still to win: 43 Ra5 g X f3 44 R X a4 e4 + ! 4 5 Kd2 Be l + I 46 Ke l f X e3 47 d5 Bd2 + 48 Kd l Bc3 49 R X e4 e2 + with a draw. . but at least Black would be able to get his pieces into play in this hne. .Nc3 1 (without exchang­ ing pawns l) 45 Kc2 g X f3 ! 46 K X b2 Nd l + l 47 Kc l £2 48 Rg5 + Kh8 (48 . and the passed pawns will be too much for Black. K£7? 49 Rf5 + wins) and Black wins. 48 Rb8+ 48 K X c5?? d3. If in this line 46 Rg5 + Kh8 47 Rf5 Ne2 draws at least. . f X g3 44 h X g3 (44 R X e5?? g2) e X d4 45 e X d4 Be l . . . . g X f3 44 d X e5 (or 44 fX e5) followed by the capture of the £-pawn. . . 45 . . g X f3 46 R X a4 f2 47 Ke2 wins. . trying to get more. . . d3 5 1 f X g4 Ke7 52 Ra4 Bb2 214 . .f X g3 45 h X g3 (45 R X a4?? g2) Nc3 (45 . one slip from either side could be immediately fatal. . 43 d X e5 f X g3 44 h X g3 g X f3 and even if White can pick up the f-pawn. He captures at d4 in order to have the check available at move 46. . (b) 44 . 43 f X g4 e4 + 1 44 Kd2 f X e3 + 45 K X e3 Be l + with a probable draw. If here 47 . 45 Rb5 Na4 46 Rb4 Nc5 + 47 Kc4 Ba3 The position is bristling with traps. . . . reducing the pawns enough to make a draw. but the question is whether he could have taken at £4 so as to lessen the K-side pawn mass which soon threatens him. . and it might well have been his best chance in practice. .e Xd4 If 43 . 43 g X f4 e X d4 44 f X g4 d X e3 again with some advantage to White . After 43 . 44 Ra5 White could capture on g4 immediately.guaranteeing himself a pawn roller on the K-side. whatever Black does. 44 . 43 . his pawns are too compromised for any serious winning chances. . . Another possibihty for Black here is 43 . . . A critical line is 44 Ra5 and now: (a) 44 . e X £4 44 Rg5 + K£7 45 R X g4 f X g3 46 h X g3 is White's best chance. . . g X f3 48 R X b2 Ne4 49 Kd3 (49 K X d4 £2 50 Rb l Nd2) f2 50 Rb l wins.g X £3 45 R X a4 f2 46 Ke2 is safe for White .

. Kf6 59 Kd5 Bf8 (59 . while leaving White with at least one pawn. The finish is a forced sequence: 60 . 59 g Xh5 B Xg3 60 h6 This was the sealed move and 1-0 overnight. . Nh5 6 1 h7 Kg? 62 f6 + ! KX h7 63 f7 Bd6 64 f8/Q B X f8 65 R X f8 and wins . 5 1 Ra l Bb2 52 Rb l Ba3 Completing a peculiar sort of circle. 56 . . . . 50 . Bd2 52 K X d4 f2 53 Kd3 Be l 54 Ke2 wins) 52 Kc4 Ke6 53 Rf l f2 54 Kd3 Kd5 55 g4 Kc5 56 f5 Kd5 57 Ke2 Kc4 58 f6 wins. 54 h4 Not 54 f5 Ng5 55 K X d4 Nf3 + . . . must suffice to win. . winning a piece. . Be l ! So that now the cl-pawn would run on after 5 1 K X c5. that the pawn mass. but without actually being able to take any­ thing! However. d3 54 Kc3 ! controls the pawn and threatens 55 Ra l . after which the avalanche moves forward irresistibly. Ne8 60 Re3 wins) 60 Rb3 Ne8 6 1 Rb6 + Kf7 62 g5 h X g5 63 h X g5 Nc7 + 64 Ke5 etc. 53 f Xg4 Ne6 If 53 . Bd6 57 Rf3 h6 58 K Xd4 h5!? Black tries to stir things up and loses immediately. . . Many similar lines are possible. . in order to extricate his pieces. The position is very unusual and probably nothing like it is to be found in the textbooks. but Black will always be squashed back and will ultimately lose a piece. In addition Black soon has to let his cl-pawn go. . the result of which is that White has brought his rook from b4 all the way round and back to b l . . It soon becomes clear. combined with an active rook and king. he now takes the g-pawn. forcing a draw. with tempo gain each time. .Be7 55 f5 Ng7 56 Rf l Threatening 57 f6 . however. In the event the game ends quite quickly. 54 . . If instead 58 . . so Black would lose his pawn very rapidly.Diagram 4 53 Re4 + and 54 Re l ) 5 1 Ra l Be3 (5 1 . 50 Ra2 If 50 K X c5? g X f3 and queens .

which does not achieve much. Nc3 36 Rg7 Bd3 37 Kb3 Nd5 with . and also 35 Rf3 h5 36 Rh3 Be2. If 35 Rfg 1 . so the first problem is whether he should have released it by 34 . . . but the drawback would be the weakening of the pawn itself. the three united passed pawns with king and knight supporting them look quite alarming at first sight. Nc3 36 Rg7 Bc4 37 R X h7 N X a2 (37 . . for example. instead of the chosen move.GAME 54 White : PerEmyi Black: Barczay Hungarian Championship. . we have the following variations : ( l ) 35 . B X a2 38 Ra 1 Bd5 39 Ra7 + is very good for White) 38 Rh4 1 Bd5 39 Rd 1 Nc3 40 Ra1 with advantage. 34 . . f5 36 Kb3 (not at once 36 R X d5 e X d5 3 7 Kb3 Bc4 + ) Kf6 37 R X d5 e X d5 38 KXb4 Ke5 39 Kc3 1 d4 + (otherwise 216 . b4 White could reject 35 Rc l . planning to give back one exchange in order to win the b-pawn and split up the remaining black pawns. If. Looking for some improvement. Nc3 36 Rg7 h5 37 Kb3 Nd5 38 Rg5 Be2? 39 R X d5 and wins. Bg6 if necessary and White seems to have little chance of making progress. . but (3) 35 . . This would have the additional advantage of providing the knight with an outpost at c3. 1 977 Sicilian Defence 1 e4 cS 2 N£3 e6 3 d4 c Xd4 4 N Xd4 Nc6 5 Nc3 a6 6 Be3 Qc7 7 £4 bS 8 N Xc6 Q Xc6 9 Be2 Ba3 1 0 Bd4 B Xb2 1 1 N XbS a XbS 12 B Xb2 Q Xe4 13 B Xg7 Q Xg2 14 B£3 Q Xg7 15 B Xa8 Qc3 + 16 Ke2 BaG 17 Qd3 Qc8 18 Qd4 QXa8 19 Q Xh8 Qe4+ 20 Kd2 Q X£4+ 21 Kc3 Qc4+ 22 Kb2 Qb4+ 23 Kc 1 Q£4 + 24 Kb 1 Ke7 25 Qc3 N£6 26 Kb2 NdS 27 Raf l Qb8 28 QcS + d6 29 Q£2 Qh8+ 30 c3 Q Xc3 + 3 1 Kb 1 Qb4+ 32 Ka 1 Qc3 + 33 Qb2 Q Xb2 + 34 K Xb2 (Diagram 1 ) An entire article might be devoted to the complexities of this opening and middle-game. . . As the game unfolds. and the ending is no less difficult to evaluate. we find 35 Rd 1 1. Moreover. . which threatens nothing. . f5. b4. Two exchanges against three extra pawns can be regarded as a slight material advantage but Black's position is solid and White will have to work hard to make his rooks Diagram 1 aggressive. . . (2) 35 . After 34 . it becomes clear that the bishop is something of a liability to Black. 35 . .

when White wins the b-pawn and Black has blockaded his own most dangerous pawn) 44 R X d6 f3 45 Ra3 Be4 46 Rd8 Ke5 47 Rf8 Nf4 48 Rd8 f2 49 Rd 1 Bg2 and wins. 43 R£8+ Kg5 If 43 . 35 . .Kf6 36 Kb3 Ke5 37 Rhe 1 + is no improvement on this. the immediate win of the d -pawn would lead to trouble 43 Rd8 f4 1 (but not 43 . e. . .BeG 4 1 Rc l Be8 42 Re8 BgG Diagram 2 Black's last few moves have been forced and White has now made substantial progress. . (b) 46 Kc l f3 47 Kd2 f2 48 Ke2 Nc3 + and wins.Kh6 is a vital one. . .40 . (c) 46 Rg8 + Kh4 47 Rg1 f3 48 Rf l (if 48 Kc 1 Bd3 1 wins) 217 . White therefore attacks in a different place.40 Re 1 + and 4 1 Kd4) 40 Kd2. . White seems to have fair winning chances against 34 .Nf4 45 Rag7 Kf6 46 Rb7.£4? 45 Rfg8. Bc8? 39 Rg8. . Ke5 44 Rg8. .g. . 34 . . the rook penetrates by a different route.Ke7 4 1 Rg7 + K X d6 42 R X b7 Kc6 43 Rh7 Nf4 and White can hardly claim much advantage. and Black is running very short of good moves. as soon becomes clear However.the bishop is still a nuisance! . . . . as shown in the last note. b4 . .£5 35 Rhg 1 KfG 3G R£3 Taking advantage of this tempo gain (37 Rh3 is threatened). 44 Rg7 ! A n excellent move. . then. threatening 39 Rh3. . Ke5 44 Rg8 . . 39 RaG Bb7 (Diagram 2) 40 Ra7 40 R X d6 would be a premature sacrifice . .. . if 44 . Kh6 45 Rd7 Kg5 (otherwise h4) 46 R X d6 f4 47 R X e6 etc. (a) 46 Rc6 f3 47 Rc l f2 1 48 Rg8 + (48 Rf l Ne3) Kf4 49 Rf 1 Kf3 50 Rg3 + Ke2 and wins. he would have found the same problems as in a previous note. In spite of appearances. .f4 45 R X d6 Bf5 ! and he is unlikely even to draw.about as good as in the actual game.e5 45 h4 + etc. viz. Had White tried 44 Rd7. . . . if 44 . the rooks have quite a lot of threats available.£5 36 Kb3 Bb7 White has 37 Rhg 1 Kf6 38 Rd3. . 44 . . . threatening above all 45 h4+ Kh6 46 Rd7 1 Bh7 47 Rh8 Nf6 48 Rf7 Kg6 49 R X f6 + and restricting Black's choice of replies: If 44 . Notice that the tempo which Black loses by 44 . In practice. when the pawns are seriously weakened and blockaded and White will soon activate his rook and advance the a-pawn. . 3G . . 40 . while if 35 .h5 37 Ra3 Bb7 38 Ra7 BeG 38 .

. . and in others they are tumbling over each other in frantic efforts to get back in time I The position is now critical and analysis seems to indicate that a draw should be the correct result after White's next move (46 Re7). .) 49 Kd2 and now: (a) 49 . . 44 . . .N£6 ! (Diagram 3) Black finds the best chance in a difficult situation. .£2 50 Ke2 Ne4 (50 . 45 . One of the features of this ending is the peculiar contrast between variations. . . . . . preparing the advance of his £-pawn and at the same time keeping an eye on White's threat of Rfg8. . (e) 49 . Ne4 + 50 Ke3 £2 5 1 Rb l d5 52 R X g6 + K X g6 53 a4 K£5 54 aS d4 + 55 Ke2 and wins (55 . 50 Rb8 is now bad. Instead he chose to play safe. d5 50 Ke3 e4 5 1 h3 and wins . since Black has gained two moves on the previous variations and his bishop is unpinned : 50 Rb8? £4 218 . . In some cases the rooks can stop the passed pawns smoothly and unhurriedly. Ng4 50 h3 Nh2 5 1 Ke3 etc. (d) 49 . . . W e then get these variations: 46 . . If 45 . £3 50 Kd2 etc. N£4 46 Rb7 e5 47 R X b5 d5 48 Kc2 also leaves him with no real hope of a draw. . . The task of unscrambling all the subsequent complications would be virtually impossible over the board.. . . . but it turns out that he should have established his own passed pawn at once by 46 Rb8 1 i n spite o f the dangers. e5 46 Rd7 e4 47 R X d6 N£4 48 Kc2 wins comfortably while 45 . Kh6 47 R X g6 + ! K X g6 48 RXb5 leads to similar positions) 47 R X b5 + e5 48 Kc l l (48 a4 £3 and 48 Rc7 £3 49 Rc l Bd3 both Djagram 3 lose. . Ne3 5 1 Rd4 + Be4 52 R X e4 + K X e4 53 Re l £2 54 R X e3 + K£4 55 R X e6 and White wins) 5 1 Rd4 + Ne4 + and White must try 52 R X e4 + (52 Ke l Ke3) B X e4. d5 49 a4 e4 50 Kd2 e3 + 5 1 Ke2 and Black runs out of moves.Kh6 50 R X g6 + K X g6 5 1 a4 Ne4 + 52 Ke3 £2 53 Rb l . (b) 49 . b4. . . . 46 Re7 e5 47 Re6 Ne4 48 Rg8 N£6 49 R£8 Ne4 50 Kc 1 The only way to try for a win . when he is fighting to draw.h4 45 a3 Prevents Black from securing the b-pawn by . Ng4 5 1 h3 and wins) 5 1 Rb4 d5 52 R X e4 and wins. it is essential to use the king) £3 (or 48 . . . or here 49 .Kg4 49 Kc l (49 Rc6 Ne3 !) K£4 50 Kd2 N£6 1 (not 50 . . Nc3 + 56 K X £2 N X b l 57 a6). (c) 49 .£4 (46 . . . transposing into (b). keeping his rooks trained on the advancing pawns.

Bg4 is another possibility. . .£2 + 54 RX£2 54 Kf l is answered by 54 . £2 + Diagram 4 54 R X f2 N X f2 55 K X f2 because his h-pawn will be safe. and White can hardly be blamed for avoiding these complexities . .Kf6 56 Rh7 Kg5 57 Rd7. .55 . . 50 . The ending which he actually reaches must have seemed good enough to win. .g.K£4 58 RXb5 B Xh3 59 a4 e4 (Diagram 5) Now White has to choose between the immediate advance of his a-pawn. 54 . is best. . when the following original variations may arise: (i) 55 Hb7 K X h2 56 R X b5 Kg2 57 Rb2 + (57 Rg8 + Ng3 58 Rb2 + Kg l 59 a4 e4 is worse for White) f2 + 58 Rb X f2 + N X f2 59 R X f2 + Kg l l (stopping Kfl ) and White can hardly do better than draw. Black may try instead 53 . . 53 . in spite of his passed pawn. . 53 h3 Keeps the king out.£4 5 1 Kd l Bh5 + 52 Ke 1 £ 3 (Diagram 4) This immediate advance. However. On the whole 5 3 Re7 does not seem to give better practical chances than 53 h3.5 1 R X b5 f3 and now (i) 52 Kc2 f2 53 Rb l Ng3 + ' 54 R X g6 + K X g6 5 5 a4 f l /Q 56 R X f l N X f l 57 Kd3 (57 a5 Ne3 + 58 Kb3 Nd5 59 a6 Nc7 60 a7 e4 and wins) N Xh2 58 Ke2 (58 a5 Nf3 59 a6 h3. . or 59 Ke3 Nd4) Ng4 59 a5 Nf6 and wins. winning one exchange back. . . . . . or 55 . but if 57 Kg2 Be4 + 58 Kh2 Kf4 59 Rh6 Kg5 and he can make no progress without using his king. . Bd l ( -b3-c4) and he will have to capture soon. (ii) 52 Ka l f2 53 Rb l Nd2 and wins . . or 55 . . bishop ending. 57 .e3 + and should only have drawn. (ii) 55 Rh8 f2 + 56 Kf l Bd l ' 57 Rgh7 K X h2 58 RXh4+ Kg3 59 Rh3 + (but not 59 R X e4 K£3 60 Rhh4 Bc2 6 1 Rh3 + when he has to fight for a draw) Kg4 60 R8h4 + Kf5 6 1 Re3 Bc2 and the result is far from clear. Kg5 56 R X b5 Kg4 57 Rg8 +. which permits . 52 . forcing the king to retreat. but unfortunately leaves the h-pawn a sitting target in the subsequent rook vs. . . but 53 Re7 Bh3 54 Rg7 + Kh6 55 Rb7 leaves White better placed than in the game .Kg4 54 Rg7 + Kh3.N X£2 55 K X£2 Bg6 56 R Xd6 B£5 57 Rd5 White would normally wish to retain as many pawns as possible. Had he played 53 Re7 he would have reached a more favourable position than in the game after 53 . and 219 . Bg4 56 Rb7. Nc3 56 Rb6. . e. 5 5 . . .

supported by their king and separated With pawns at. . B X a6 65 R X a6 h3 would have drawn because the pawns are well advanced. White chose the immediate push: 60 aS e3+ 6 1 Kg 1 6 1 Ke 1 does not help. .Be6 6 1 a5 h3 62 a6 Bd5 1 63 a7 Bc6 (waiting) and now the rook cannot support his pawn adequately.e. White cannot win (see the note to Black's 64th move for further analysis of this position). In the latter case there are two methods. . . e2 67 Re6) 67 Re6 and wins. The alternative 60 Rb4 obliges Black to use two tempi to advance his e-pawn.Kg3 66 a7 Be4 (66 . 60 Rb3 and 60 Rb4. surprisingly perhaps. In these two lines the rook usefully controls h3.h3 62 a5 h2 63 Kg2 e3 64 K X h2 e2 65 Ra 1 Bc4 draws . If White plays his rook to a less vulnerable square. then 6 1 . then 64 . 6 1 . the win would be child's play. i. or (c) 66 Rg6 Kf3 67 Kfl e2 + 68 Ke 1 h2 with a draw in every case.BcB 62 RbB BaG 63 Rb6 Bd3 64 a6 K£3? After defending very well for the whole game. Kd2) If here 64 a6. while still pinning the black one 64 Ra4 Bd5 65 a8/Q B X a8 66 R X a8 e3 + and. . Kf3 White wins by force. or (b) 66 Kf 1 Kg3 (66 . If here 65 Ra3. first holding up the e-pawn. .Diagram 5 a slower plan. . as follows: 60 . .after 66 Kg 1 Ke3 White can do nothing.e2 amounts to the same thing. Black has 65 . but neither is good enough to win against the correct defence If 60 Rb3 Be6 6 1 Rc3 h3 62 a5 h2 63 Kg2 e3 64 K X h2 e2 65 Rc 1 Ke3 draws easily by attacking the rook next time (. . 65 R£6 + Ke2 Or 65 . . . h2? 67 Kg2 e2 68 Re6) 67 Ke2 h2 68 Rh6 Kg2 69 Rg6 + Kh3. e3 and f3. . . Black stumbles. . but does not cover h3. . . 66 a7 Be4 67 R£4 Bb7 68 RXh4 Ke 1 If 68 . the bishop is therefore more mobile and can draw by a different method. .Kd 1 69 Rd4 + Kc2 70 Kf l (-e 1 ) 69 Rh8 e2 70 a8/Q B Xa8 7 1 RXaB 1-0. since the h-pawn also needs to be watched. e3 + 1 66 R X e3 h2 with a draw. . but now White can only try (a) 66 Kh2 e2 67 Re6 Kf3 68 K X h3 Kf2. but as soon as his king moves to g2 the e-pawn advances and is strong enough to hold the draw . After 64 . say. 220 . . 60 Rb3 Be6 6 1 Ra3. . . . 64 . .

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Peter Griffiths here takes over 50 games . A valuable and unusual feature is that rook + minor piece endings are given separate consideration. Peter Griffiths is a professional chess coach and writer. Algebraic notation is used throughout .Exploring the Endgame Peter Griffiths The endgame is an area in which careful analysis is required.most of them complete . bishop endings etc. ISBN 0-71: !WAM & CHARLES BLACK .and gives a full analysis of the endings. with explanatory notes. Most of the games in this book have appeared in his regular column entitled ' Practical Chess Endings' in the British Chess Magazine. so that one can see how the endgame positions arose . and has played in the British National Championships. The games are divided into chapters according to the nature of the ending: pawn endings.