Chapter 1: political issues in national level: Major issues by indian parliament


NEW DELHI (AP) — Screaming matches over corruption have again paralyzed India's parliament, stalling crucial work on its malnutrition crisis and land reforms and deepening concerns over whether anyone is running the world's largest democracy. For nearly two weeks, opposition lawmakers have halted nearly all legislative work in a repeat of their winter session protests, weakening Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's already embattled government and its push to turn India into a major global power. The sense of political despair was heightened last week when Congress Party chief Sonia Gandhi — seen as the nation's top powerbroker — left the country for medical treatment for an unnamed illness. She named her son to help run the party in her absence, further undermining Singh by rekindling speculation Rahul Gandhi was being groomed to take his place. Singh had been viewed as a man of uncommon integrity as he led the ruling coalition to an unexpectedly strong re-election victory in 2009 that many hoped would give him a mandate for further economic reforms. But his government was quickly beset by scandals over the shady sale of the mobile telephone spectrum and last year's Commonwealth Games, which together lost the country as much as $40 billion, according to government auditors. "In the last 26 months since the government took over, there has been little or no governance," said Omkar Goswami, an economist and corporate adviser who serves on the boards of companies like Infosys and Cairn India. "The country is running on the entrepreneurial drive of people, but there is no governance. So many scams have surfaced in the past year, that no official wants to take a decision; no minister wants to stand up and be counted." Indians have grown weary of both Singh and parliament. A poll by an Indian think tank that was published this week in The Hindu newspaper showed 60 percent of respondents think the government is "somewhat" or "very" corrupt. Lawmakers were pegged as the most corrupt by a plurality of 43 percent. While most respondents still viewed Singh as honest — only 9 percent said he was personally corrupt — 31 percent said he has done little to control corruption, and 33 percent said he should be replaced, as opposed to 22 percent who said he should stay on as prime minister. No margin of error was given, but a random survey with that many participants — under ideal conditions — would have a margin of error of

" Jaitely told reporters. V. No answers can be given by him. shouted himself hoarse in an effort to be heard. The din in the house is mirrored by street rallies outside parliament by supporters of the main opposition Bharatiya Janata Party and smaller regional parties. But we will push the government till it responds on the many corruption issues that we have raised. Kumar adjourned the session. There had been strong hopes for the so-called monsoon session — the third of parliament's three annual sessions — when it began last week.less than 1 percentage point. this time over opposition demands that New Delhi's top elected official resign over her role supervising the Commonwealth Games. It was also to debate a land acquisition bill to give better compensation to farmers whose land is taken for development and an anti-corruption law that would establish a government ombudsman. Narayanasamy. opposition lawmakers stream into the well and shout antigovernment slogans. While the Congress Party has tried to brush off the protests as a sign of India's boisterous democracy. a public interest group that monitors parliament. political analysts and business leaders have condemned the nearly yearlong crisis that has prevented parliament from passing any major laws. drowning out officials who try gamely to ignore them and go on about their business. though they managed to allow the budget to pass during the spring budget session. Each day. But little work has been done as both houses of parliament again erupted in chaos and political theater. even as India tries to keep its economic growth on track and transform itself into an important international player. "The prime minister has given no answers. On Wednesday. Protests by opposition lawmakers washed out parliament's winter session. said in the first week of the current session ministers replied to only 14 questions out of 120 in the upper house. One minister. On Thursday. lower house speaker Meira Kumar donned headphones to try to hear ministers read their responses to parliamentary queries. . It was expected to take up an ambitious food security bill aimed at eliminating hunger in a country where 50 percent of the children are plagued by malnutrition. just after the speakers of both houses of parliament open proceedings. Senior BJP leader Arun Jaitely demanded the government immediately hold a parliamentary debate on corruption. PRS Legislative Research. After a few minutes. the protesters took a rare day off and allowed work to proceed.

The government accepts that it has a credibility deficit and each of the issues it proposes needs to be communicated and people need to be convinced about the initiative. The MP jots down ten different points which he feels if followed. Government learns the second important rule about policy making -."If parliament is to regain some of its moral authority. parties must not use whips -. The first of a series 1. Rajeev Chandrasekhar. Parliament must use the power of debates and VOTING on issues and not adjournment. Rajya Sabha member of Parliament who has been extremely vocal about issues such as this and also the 2G spectrum scam.for all the wrong reasons.each MP must vote on his . 2. economy. India's Parliament has been in the news for quite some time -. 7. 8.consensus. Create special sessions of Parliament twice a year -. Debates and voting must become the norm. Government must conduct workshops and briefings outside Parliament for MPs on all sensitive/divisive policy issues 4. On sensitive issues. 9. The fact is that in recent times it has been disrupted more often than it actually sits down to discuss something. Parliament could function normally.these can be the occasions for Parliament to have MPs work together for the national interest without partisanship. Make sure all divisive policy issues are debated openly in Parliament so that people of India [ Images ] can understand who stands for what. Debates without voting are not useful. Avoid arrogance or be faced with partisanship.either by way of transcripts or public broadcasting. 5. it must get back to doing its primary job — debating and making law. As political parties battle each other the fact remains that a lot of precious time is being wasted and Parliament hardly has time to get down to its real business of addressing the people's problems.transparency ie advocacy of pros and cons of a public policy 3. national security -." Ronojoy Sen. 6. Political parties must create a common national interest agenda -. a political analyst. feels that there is a need to create special sessions of Parliament twice a year apart form the normal sessions in which only issues pertaining to legislation and also issues of national interest agenda must be discussed. consensus. adjournments the exception. consensus.on which there is clear consensus from day one. Don't use the power of Cabinet decisions to make sensitive issues as law or policy. Governments learn an important rule about policy making in a coalition environment -. Open up Standing Committee proceedings to public -.separate from the normal parliamentary sessions where only legislation and issues relating to national interest agenda are discussed -. wrote in The Times of India.that covers poverty.

Hazare's letter to Singh also contained his version of a resolution to be moved in Parliament which detailed his three demands -. But he stuck to his guns saying that his concern was the common man. Lokpal debate: All eyes on Parliament today NEW DELHI: Members of Parliament – who have been at the receiving end of protests outside their homes -.will be under the eagle eye of Anna Hazare and his team on Saturday. regretting causing any inadvertent hurt. After frantic meetings over the last two days." he said in his twopage letter. Hazare said he would break his fast if Parliament agreed to his three key demands but would continue his protest till the legislation was passed. I will continue to sit in Ramlila Maidan along with my supporters till Parliament takes decision on the other issues because this is the voice of the people. protests. Team Anna will be closely watching the Parliament proceedings that come after over nine months of advocacy. The other issues in the Jan Lokpal Bill like selection process and others are also very important to contain corruption.all civil servants should be brought under Lokpal. "He (Hazare) has made his position clear that he will break his fast if this minimum demand of at least the resolution containing three things is passed by . But Team Anna used the opportunity to meet with major political leaders. a citizen's charter should be displayed at all government offices and all states should have Lokayuktas. Hazare's aide Prashant Bhushan said. Hazare struck a reconciliatory tone. Friday was a quiet day with no word from the government's end. then I will break my fast. In his letter to PM Manmohan Singh. letters. meetings and discussions and will finally know where the debate on the anti-corruption legislation stands. 10. Parliament must exercise its right of oversight over government and do so in a manner that people trust the judgement of Parliament. "My inner conscience tells me that if there is a consensus on these proposals.conscience and his beliefs.

Then he will withdraw the fast. Trinamool Congress and DMK to convince them. They also plan to approach other political parties including Samajwadi Party. travel and hospitality trade Associations play a key role in development. "Now he has said if you can't table the bill. the Hazare group claims that they have the support of BJP." He said earlier. JD(U). at least pass a resolution on these three issues which affects the common people of the country. If it is passed today. Bhushan met Left leaders on Friday morning and the group also had meetings with leaders from Shiv Sena. Team Anna met BJP leaders late on Thursday night. alright.: Schemes for Rural India PURA Bharat Nirman NSAP CAPART MGNREGA PMGSY PMRDFs IAY DIKSHA SGSY NRLM SECC-2011 IAP Districts Monitoring Agencies DMU V&MC NLM NQM Tourism. then I can call off the fast while maintaining the right to continue the strike on the issue. promotion and marketing of tourism being the major . Hazare had said at least table the Jan Lokpal Bill.Parliament or at least table the Jan Lokpal Bill. Left parties. he will call off the fast immediately. TDP and Shiv Sena. So far. In a concentrated effort." Bhushan criticised the government for not bringing a resolution to Parliament to discuss Hazare's three key demands. Major events and development in different ministries.

holding interaction with other stakeholders. The expenditure on this plan scheme in the present Fy is Rs.stakeholders. sponsors and Ministry of Tourism.2008. credit cards.2010 on Flagship Schemes ELEVENTH PLAN SCHEME ON CONSUMER AWARENESS 11th Five Year Plan has given an increased thrust on consumer awareness activities and the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved an allocation of Rs. food standards. 75 crores. Ministry of Urban Development. focus on discussing various contemporary issues relating to development. thus signalling an effective implementation of the Plan scheme. 53 cores for the first 8 months as against BE of Rs. mediation etc. The expenditure on this plan scheme in the present FY was Rs. 84 crores and thus the implementation of the plan scheme is as per the targets. These events. food safety. enhance and encourage participation of the trade members for the development. medicines. Latest Information as on 30. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI). promotion and marketing of Tourism. Reserve Bank of India. formulation of strategies for the purpose. Ministry of HRD. Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI). 409 crores for the 11th Five Year Plan on 31. inter alia. Issues in governance: . travel services. education. 86 crores as against the origional BE figures of Rs. Consumer Protection Act etc. Simultaneously. These Associations hold various events in India and abroad from time to time with the assistance of their members. The Department has already done campaigns with Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (Ministry of Agriculture). Many Ministries/Departments have come forward to join hands with Department of Consumer Affairs to jointly mount publicity campaign on issues that are of importance to the consumers.01. The Department continues to focus on the core issues under its administrative jurisdiction such as Weights & Measure. an initiative has been taken to give adequate publicity to emerging areas of consumer interest such as banking. Insurance Regulatory Development Authority (IRDA). misleading advertisements. Under the multi media publicity campaign ‘Jago Grahak Jago’ scope of issues being undertaken has widened considerably.11. Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE). National Pharmaceutical Product Authority (NPPA) and similar tie ups/joint publicity campaign are going to be intensified in the coming days. promotion and marketing of tourism. food adulteration. insurance.

learning and decision-making in a small number of hands. as is currently done in most organisational contexts. It can lead to rigidity. inadaptedness and an inability to covince the . with at best a one-way flow of information. the knowledge gap between officials and membership or the population at large due to the practice whereby the former think out key issues (and learn a lot in the process) before making a finalised statement to the latter for comment (without them having been through the process of thinking out the whole issue). interrelated.Distributed knowledge:
 dealing with key issues in governance There has been considerable discussion recently about identifying key policy issues as an important aspect of governance. At the recent INET'97 conference in Kuala Lumpur there was much talk of key policy issues to be addressed by the Internet Society and how best these issues be approached. However. fastchanging world. Some of the structural and organisational reasons for their failure are as follows: the lack of on-going exchange with local members or population. the major question may well not so much be what the key issues are but how we can best identify and deal with them. In preparations for the ITU's new Telecom Interactive event there has also been discussion of ways and means of debating key issues for the industry and society in general.or more generally concern other fields). often diverges from that of the membership or the population with the resulting difficulty that those working for organisations have problems perceiving things from the perspectives of their members or clients. the role of employees and officials of organisations who get their status and raison d'être from defining policy and ways of doing things and are not always willing to involve others in the process. In the final report of the so-called European High Level Expert Group a list of ten key issues for priority treatment were put forward. the institutional point of view of an organisation. In dealing with key issues that require wide-scale consensus and concerted effort in an extremely complex. I contend that concentrating knowledge. While many organisations realise the importance of playing a role in governance by treating key issues (whether they be related to the Internet . a lot of actors (both within and outside of governments) have great difficulties in doing so. despite patent good will to the contrary. is hardly the best strategy.

distributed knowledge structures. Exchange between fellows. a possible solution. seeing the discussion of key issues as an open learning process for all involved in which everyone can learn something from their fellows. lies in creating flexible. That is to say. using hypertext to allow multiple levels of access to background material and discussions according to the differing needs of . friends and family is extremely important in developing knowledge that relates far-reaching key issues in society to down-to-earth questions of everyday life and work. providing satisfactory information to permit all those who so wish to participate in discussions. being careful about the language used to present and discuss such issues that it be both demanding in terms of clarity of meaning and accessible to as many people as possible. And the experience and know-how of that person can only have an impact on society's policy issues if it can be expressed in concert with others. amongst other things by being receptive to the points of view of their members or clients. it seems to me. and can share their experience and know-how with people locally and with other groups elsewhere.population to adopt new ideas and ways of doing things. can relate them to their daily life. Using the metaphor of the network itself applied to organisations and the development of knowledge. Distributing knowledge involves the largest possible number of people in an informal structure such that those people are aware of key issues. structures that seek to develop key competencies locally and to network those competencies in a wider context. Ways to move towards a distributed knowledge structure include: maintaining an on-going face-to-face dialogue about key issues on a local level by re-orienting activities of existing structures or creating new ones so as to carry out awareness work and pertinent debate. involving as many people as possible on a local level in discussions right from the outset by collaboration between organisations and with the media. colleagues. Learning. are articulate both about them and about possible ways of dealing with them. modifying the role of employees and organisation officials so that they can enable and facilitate exchange and policy development. is best done in concrete situations which are pertinent and important to the person himself or herself. for this is a form of learning even if it has nothing to do with typical learning institutions.

Gandhi family. and financial security. and india congress backs this for votes. 100 a day. Corruption. India's main political issues. and Germany. as it does not have transportation department.there are million minor issues.users. Which our political parties exploit very well. Gandhi family is sucking blood of indians to stay in power. health care. Inflation. security. comparing politics and policy in democratic welfare states such as the United States. is untold misery of indians. after 1945.. the democratic welfare state in its varied forms has come under sustained challenge. inflation. religion. In India. education. is literally killing poor people who can only earn rs. in such exchanges and policy formulation.. NGOs or industry. Caste. India does not have plan to secure its borders properly.. France. I think these are major issues. the national highway is only one lane. taking the initiative of involving the powers that be. "political settlements" in the industrial democracies involved the construction of welfare states.Chosen by Asker There are many political issues. caste.. encouraging interregional and interorganisational exchange and collaboration to extend and consolidate local policy debates . encouraging interregional and interorganisational exchange and collaboration to extend and consolidate local policy debates . Why? What arguments have been used against it? What alternatives have been proposed? Does the challenge herald a new type of state and a new type of politics--perhaps even a new understanding of "democracy"? To explore these questions. Best Answer .from diverse quarters. India has one of the world's most corrupt bureaucracy.. Dist: . we will look both at theoretical texts justifying or criticizing the welfare state and at empirical cases. whether they be governments. Prerequisite: Government 3 or 4. etc. using mailing lists and web publication to prolong local discussions and to open them up to the global context. Britain. Governments used policy instruments to promote full employment and to guarantee to all citizens a certain standard of housing. Since the 1970s. Islamic extremist are always causing problems.

and what precisely is the role of international financial and trade institutions in their development? Readings in this course range from theoretical academic writings on development strategies to policy pieces written by local practitioners and by those working for international financial and trade institutions. this course investigates some of these new developments in the world economy. Prerequisite: Government 4 or by permission of the instructor.SOC or INT. the role of specific policies in the process of industrialization. what were the political foundations that provided the basis for their respective development paths? Topics to be covered include alternative explanations for the economic development experience of these countries. genocide. Dist: SOC or INT. What strategies can developing countries adapt in order to develop most efficiently in a global market-oriented economy? How can a country maximize its chances for economic success. The course examines two major questions: First. Development in Emerging Economies Countries in developing regions of the world face a number of unique challenges within a globalized economy as their financial and trade links become ever closely intertwined with those of powerful. Hong Kong. Prerequisite: Government 4 or the permission of the instructor. and colonialism). Drawing on a wide range of case studies. the politics of economic policy-making. why did these countries grow so rapidly during certain stages of their economic development? Second. what is the relationship between economic development. democratic politics. and political order? What kinds of justice does democracy promote? This course will address these questions by examining institutional arrangements. and Singapore. Dist: SOC or INT. 22. Righting Wrongs This course examines the intellectual and political issues that arise as societies try to cope with the legacies of past injustice (including slavery. 23. elite politics. South Africa and China Is democratic government always better than the alternatives? In the contemporary world. Dist: SOC or INT. historical influences on economic growth. 25. Taiwan. and the impact that growth has had on the process of democratization. 24. Politics of Asian Development This course provides an introduction to the newly industrializing countries (NICs) of East Asia: Korea. WCult: NW. WCult: NW. WCult: NW. and China. Problems of Political Development: India. Dist: SOC or INT. Class of 2008 and later: WCult: CI. and popular movements in India. South Africa. . developed countries that dominate international economic institutions.

Asia and Latin America during the last two decades. Dist: SOC. ethnic. which factors and processes facilitate and which inhibit its adoption and its institutionalization. and here in the United States. Elections and Reform This course examines the problem of how politicians and policies are selected by citizens. we will discuss what constitutes democracy. religious. what sorts of coalitions politicians form. But whether each of the countries that has adopted democratic forms will actually practice democracy is another question.26. We will consider the contemporary challenges to democracy in terms of both the great issues posed by democratic theorists and philosophers and the authoritarian. military. or any 20s or 40s series course. and economic problems faced by countries undergoing democratization. and whose interests get represented. or by permission of instructor. This course investigates what rules matter. . It draws from a broad array of cases to illustrate the most important issues at stake in current electoral reforms around the world. Democracy and Democratic Theory The democratic movement has changed the politics of countries throughout Eastern Europe. and why. Government 6. 28. Prerequisite: Government 4. Politicians fight tenaciously to shape the rules under which they compete because how elections are conducted has enormous impact on what sorts of choices voters are offered. Africa. To understand what is involved.

 Amy Goodman: Let me play another clip of Pr talking about trade in India. Bush much than the dogs. But I have to say the Indian mains you had a newspaper like the Indian Express saying. like.
 Amy Goodman: Tens o of thousands. the whole of it. obviously o Gandhi. wanting to purify it. It was -. But you have a city that's been just -. and they could begin to afford goods and services from oth for India." But Gandhi’s -. Today. Arundhati Roy Well. Gandhians were. look. Amy Goodman: President Bush speaking in India. Just in the wake of Bush's visit. It's also import loses a job.
 Amy Goodma grave?
 Arundhati Roy: He visited Gandhi's grave. as I said was so vulgar. because they are actually officers of the Am what the names were. because it was all real. India has -. It’s good for America. for example -. It's true when their companies move operations overseas.I have just come from being on the streets are taking place. It's not universal that everybody adores and loves him. and first h you know.
 Arundhati Roy: Exactly. "He is here. and the their talents and abilities. who are an old enemy of mine. BUSH: The markets are open. there was no room know.Amy Goodman: So she counts as someone who committed suic suicide. notices go up saying tomorrow or day afte . W differences between the rich and the poor. And I said. you can't imagine what You can't imagine the open aggression of institutions of our demo instance. b here it was really the equivalent of a butcher coming and tipping going away. And it is good for the world. right? Acros hotel were Bush's 16 sniffer dogs who were staying in this five-st can't call them dogs. that was what colonialism was all about. PRESIDENT GEORGE W. And then. S or write black comedy. doesn't get worshipped that much even by the American mainstr extraordinary. Overnight. af we have more than half of the world's malnutritioned children. They kept us know how free the free market is.
 In aspect of our trade relationship with India: know. Sergeant Pepper and Corporal Whatever. let's not forget that this whole call to the free market You know. so these 60 women were there government to write off the debts of their husbands. it's an incredibly difficult period for the worker and th answer to this problem is to wall off our economy from the world disagree. are rolling up their sleev's just t policemen. which have always be have a feudal society whose feudalism has just been reinforced b amazing. They can create a better life for their fa world.I mean.

because what is happening is unbelievable. you know. which has just formed a new unity government. people will look bac government in Iraq as a decisive moment in the story of liberty. gained a firm foothold in the Middle East and the forces of terror 
 Amy Goodman: President Bush in Chicago. wh organized by the National Restaurant Association. The Indians are te how to occupy a place. Similarly. have a democracy. It's like a drug. But the point is that they are the ones that are resisting on to be supported. Arundhati Roy fro your response?
 Arundhati Roy: Well. where you had a now Palestine is being starved because they have a democracy. For the people across the Iraq will be an inspiration. let me play a clip of President Bush in Chicago know. I have no doubt about that. in the midst of storms. I mea you know. th means of telling the most unbelievable lies or making the most u everybody sort of just imbibes it. Alexis de Tocqueville. you know. th have understood that you can use the media to say anything fro doesn't matter what's really going on.saying. It doesn't matter. I think the media itself. wrote. the elections in Palestine. or what's happening in India. I think th President Bush and his advisors.
 Iraq. you know. I'm doomed to fight on the side of people tha their social imagination.It's not that t training exercise is teaching the Indian army. and India is one of the leading experts. Israel and India.
 The triumph of liberty in Iraq is part of a long and fam biographer of American democracy. Iraqis have done more than form a go proved that the desire for liberty in the heart of the Middle East diverse people can come together and work out their differences they have demonstrated that democracy is the hope of the Midd mankind.
 So it's just -. In his remarks Iraq. But in Iraq. and I would probably be the first person won. on the side of t obviously. how can on wishing there would be a laugh track. It doesn't matter what ha are a few people who make the connections and fall about laugh being spoken. And it keeps going. and China in Tibet. PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH: For most Iraqis. this fake business is called demo happening in Saudi Arabia." Years from now. a free democ government will be a new experience. you know. are now occupation. What do you do with the media? How do . But what can you sa is this in Iraq?
 Amy Goodman: What do you think has to ha Roy: I think that the first thing that has to happen is that the Am That has to happen. America. you know. It is established painfully among civil disc can one know its benefits. But for everybody else. that veins.

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