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.................................................................. 1.2.1 NE Structure .................................................................................. 1.2.2 NM System .................................................................................... 1.3 Features ................................................................................................. 1.4 Functionality ........................................................................................... 2 Functionality ................................................................................................. 2.1 Overview ................................................................................................ 2.2 Functional Units ...................................................................................... 2.2.1 ATM Interface Unit ......................................................................... 2.2.2 Ethernet Interface Unit ................................................................... 2.2.3 SDH Interface Unit ......................................................................... 2.2.4 PDH Interface Unit ......................................................................... 2.2.5 DDN Interface Unit ......................................................................... 2.2.6 Tone and Data Access Unit & RS- 232/ RS- 422 Interface Unit .... 2.2.7 SDH Cross-Connect Matrix Unit .................................................... 2.2.8 Synchronous Timing Unit ............................................................... 2.2.9 SCC ............................................................................................... 2.2.10 Overhead Processing Unit ........................................................... 2.2.11 Auxiliary Interface Unit ................................................................. 2.2.12 Power Backup Unit ...................................................................... 2.3 Equipment-Level Protection ................................................................... 2.3.1 Protection of Processing Boards .................................................... 2.3.2 SDH Cross-Connect Matrix and Synchronous Timing Unit ........... 2.3.3 Power Unit ..................................................................................... 2.3.4 Abnormality-Specific Service Protection ........................................ 2.4 Network-Level Protection ....................................................................... 2.4.1 SDH Trail Protection ...................................................................... 2.4.2 SNCP ............................................................................................. 2.4.3 Service Protection of Interconnected Networks ............................. 2.4.4 Virtual Optical Fiber Protection Ring .............................................. 2.4.5 ATM Layer Service Protection ....................................................... 2.4.6 STP Protection of Ethernet Service ............................................... 2.5 Clock Synchronous Network Technology ............................................... 2.6 In-Service Upgrade of Unit Functions .................................................... 3 Configuration and Networking .................................................................... 3.1 Configuration .......................................................................................... 3.1.1 Access Capability...........................................................................
1-1 1-1 1-3 1-4 1-5 1-6 1-9 2-1 2-1 2-8 2-8 2-9 2-13 2-16 2-19 2-20 2-22 2-25 2-26 2-29 2-31 2-31 2-32 2-32 2-33 2-34 2-34 2-35 2-35 2-36 2-36 2-37 2-37 2-38 2-39 2-44 3-1 3-1 3-1
3.1.2 Configuration Mode........................................................................ 3.2 Networking ............................................................................................. 3.2.1 Basic Networking Modes of PDH Service ...................................... 3.2.2 ATM Service .................................................................................. 3.2.3 Ethernet Service Basic Networking Modes .................................... 3.2.4 Basic Networking Mode for DDN Service Transmission ................ 3.2.5 Self-Healing Protection .................................................................. 4 Mechanical Structure ................................................................................... 4.1 Overview ................................................................................................ 4.2 Cabinet Structure ................................................................................... 4.3 Subrack Structure ................................................................................... 4.4 Fan Box .................................................................................................. A Multiplexing Structure, Frame Structure, and Overhead Bytes............... A.1 Levels of SDH ........................................................................................ A.2 Multiplexing Structure ............................................................................ A.3 Basic Frame Structure ........................................................................... A.4 SOH ....................................................................................................... A.4.1 STM-1 SOH ................................................................................... A.4.2 STM-4 SOH ................................................................................... A.4.3 STM-16 SOH ................................................................................. A.4.4 SOH Byte....................................................................................... A.5 POH ....................................................................................................... A.5.1 Higher-order POH VC-3/VC-4/VC-4-xc POH Bytes ...................... A.5.2 Lower-order POH VC-12 POH Bytes ............................................ B ATM Cell Structure ....................................................................................... B.1 ATM Cell Structure................................................................................. C Features ........................................................................................................ C.1 Types of Interface .................................................................................. C.1.1 ATM Interface ................................................................................ C.1.2 Ethernet Interface .......................................................................... C.1.3 SDH Optical Interface .................................................................... C.1.4 PDH and SDH Electrical Interfaces ............................................... C.1.5 DDN Interface Type ....................................................................... C.1.6 Clock Interface .............................................................................. C.1.7 Auxiliary Interface .......................................................................... C.2 Types of Applications ............................................................................. C.3 Cross-Connection and Access Capacity ............................................... C.4 Power Source Requirements .................................................................
3-3 3-12 3-12 3-17 3-21 3-36 3-40 4-1 4-1 4-2 4-4 4-6 A-1 A-1 A-2 A-3 A-4 A-4 A-4 A-6 A-6 A-8 A-8 A-8 B-1 B-1 C-1 C-1 C-2 C-2 C-2 C-2 C-3 C-4 C-4 C-5 C-5 C-6
C.5 Power Consumption of Boards .............................................................. C.6 Mechanical Structure ............................................................................. C.7 EMC ....................................................................................................... C.8 Environmental Requirements ................................................................ C.8.1 Environmental Index ...................................................................... C.8.2 Environment for Storage ............................................................... C.8.3 Transportation Environment .......................................................... C.8.4 Operation Environment ................................................................. D Major Specifications .................................................................................... D.1 Performance Specifications of Optical Interface .................................... D.1.1 SDH Optical Interface Parameters ................................................ D.1.2 Mean Launched Power ................................................................. D.1.3 Extinction Ratio (EX) ..................................................................... D.1.4 Receiver Sensitivity (BER=1x10EXP-10) ...................................... D.1.5 Receiver Overload Optical Power (BER=1 x10EXP-10)................ D.1.6 Allowable Frequency Deviation at Optical Input Port .................... D.1.7 AIS Rate at Optical Output Port .................................................... D.2 Specifications for Electrical Interface ..................................................... D.2.1 Signal Bit Rate at Output Port ....................................................... D.2.2 Attenuation Tolerance at Input Port ............................................... D.2.3 Allowable Frequency Deviation at Input Port ................................ D.2.4 Anti-Interference Capability at Input Port ...................................... D.2.5 Electrical Interface Protection Switching Time .............................. D.3 ATM Interface Specifications ................................................................. D.4 Ethernet Interface Specifications ........................................................... D.5 Timing and Synchronization Specifications ........................................... D.5.1 Output Jitter ................................................................................... D.5.2 Output Frequency of Internal Oscillator in Free- run Mode ........... D.5.3 Long-Term Phase Variation in Locked Mode ................................ D.6 Jitter Performance Specifications .......................................................... D.6.1 Output Jitter of STM-N Interface ................................................... D.6.2 Jitter Tolerance of SDH STM-N Input Port .................................... D.6.3 Input Jitter Tolerance at PDH Tributary Interface .......................... D.6.4 Mapping Jitter at PDH Tributary Interface ..................................... D.6.5 Combined Jitter at PDH Tributary Interface .................................. D.7 EMC Test Specifications........................................................................ D.8 Environmental Test ................................................................................ D.9 Vibration Test ......................................................................................... E Alarm Signal Flow Diagrams .......................................................................
C-6 C-7 C-8 C-9 C-9 C-9 C-12 C-14 D-1 D-1 D-1 D-10 D-11 D-12 D-13 D-14 D-14 D-15 D-15 D-15 D-16 D-16 D-17 D-18 D-19 D-20 D-20 D-20 D-20 D-22 D-22 D-23 D-23 D-24 D-25 D-28 D-29 D-30 E-1
F Acronyms and Abbreviations ...................................................................... G Traverse Compatibility ................................................................................
HUAWEI OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Multi-service Optical Transmission System Technical Manual V100R006 .
customer care center or company headquarters. Ltd..com Email: support@huawei. Huawei Technologies Co. China Postal Code: 518129 Website: http://www. P. Ltd. Huawei Technologies Co.huawei.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Multi-service Optical Transmission System Technical Manual Manual Version Product Version BOM T2-040282-20040928-C-1.. Shenzhen..com . Longgang District.62 V100R006 31026182 Huawei Technologies Co. Please feel free to contact our local office. Address: Administration Building. Ltd. R. provides customers with comprehensive technical support and service. Bantian..
C&C08 iNET.. Trademarks . information. iMUSE. Netkey. HUAWEI OptiX. iTELLIN. Ltd. Ltd.Copyright © 2004 Huawei Technologies Co. iSite. ViewPoint. Quidview. . Inmedia. InfoLink. All Rights Reserved No part of this manual may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co. express or implied. Lansway. infoX. TopEng are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co. EAST8000. OptiX. Ltd. SmartAX. OpenEye.. NETENGINE. DOPRA. . VRP. M900/M1800. HONET. C&C08. Notice The information in this manual is subject to change without notice. ETS. TELLIN. TELESIGHT. Airbridge. U-SYS. but all statements. DMC. Radium. SYNLOCK. All other trademarks mentioned in this manual are the property of their respective holders. HUAWEI. and recommendations in this manual do not constitute the warranty of any kind. Musa. Quidway. INtess. Every effort has been made in the preparation of this manual to ensure accuracy of the contents.. Tellwin.
fan. board. subrack. power. Guides the on-site installation of the product and provides the information of the structural parts. Manual Manuals shipped with the product Volume Usage Introduces the functionality. performance.1 About This Manual Release Notes This manual is for the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Multi-Service Transmission System (referred to as OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) hereinafter). Related Manuals The manual package for an optical network product is shipped with the product. and a variety of interfaces. OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Multi-Service Optical Transmission System Technical Manual OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Multi-Service Optical Transmission System Hardware Description Manual OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Multi-Service Optical Transmission System Installation Manual . The table below lists the manual for the products. specifications. and theory of the product. including cabinet. Introduces the hardware of the product. structure.
Talks about the mechanical structure of the product. optical amplifier. clock. illustrated with a few application examples. cross-connect matrix.About This Manual Manuals shipped with the product Volume Usage Troubleshooting Examples OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Multi-Service Optical Transmission System Maintenance Manual Alarm and Performance Event Routine Maintenance Guides the analysis and troubleshooting of common faults. In the end it briefly talks about the synchronous network theory based on synchronous status message (SSM). including cabinet. subrack. Provides the technical specifications and indices of the functional units as well as the abbreviations for a quick reach of useful information on site. It also introduces in detail the protection of tributary interface. Introduces the networking and protection of the product. Manual Organization Chapter Chapter 1 System Overview Chapter 2 Functionality Description Provides an overall description of the architecture and features of the product for the quick understanding of the product by the reader. clock unit. and fan. line unit. Chapter 3 Configuration and Networking Chapter 4 Mechanical Structure Appendix A–Appendix G Intended Audience This manual is for: Network planner Network designer Network administrator . and cross-connect matrix. and overhead processing of the product. Describes the O/E interface.
Means reader take notice.About This Manual Conventions The following conventions are used throughout this publication. the high voltage could result in harm to yourself or others. Modify the description of cabinet in chapter 4. In this situation. Notes contain helpful suggestions or useful background information. Means reader be careful. you might do something that could result in equipment damage or loss of data.61 T2-040282-20040928-C-1. Add the description of EGT2 and EFTboards.62 Release upgrade description This manual is the first release. In this situation. The equipment is static-sensitive. the strong laser beam could result in harm to yourself or others. Means reader be careful. Release Upgrade Description Release T2-040282-20040105-C-1. Means reader be careful. Modify the description of EMS1/EFS0.60 T2-040282-20040528-C-1. In this situation. . Symbol Description Means reader be careful.
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
1.1 Introduction 1.2 System Architecture 1.2.1 NE Structure 1.2.2 NM System 1.3 Features 1.4 Functionality 1-1 1-3 1-4 1-5 1-6 1-9
2.1 Overview 2.2 Functional Units 2.2.1 ATM Interface Unit 2.2.2 Ethernet Interface Unit 2.2.3 SDH Interface Unit 2.2.4 PDH Interface Unit 2.2.5 DDN Interface Unit 2.2.6 Tone and Data Access Unit & RS-232/RS-422 Interface Unit 2.2.7 SDH Cross-Connect Matrix Unit 2.2.8 Synchronous Timing Unit 2.2.9 SCC 2.2.10 Overhead Processing Unit 2.2.11 Auxiliary Interface Unit 2.2.12 Power Backup Unit 2.3 Equipment-Level Protection 2.3.1 Protection of Processing Boards 2.3.2 SDH Cross-Connect Matrix and Synchronous Timing Unit 2.3.3 Power Unit 2.3.4 Abnormality-Specific Service Protection 2-33 2-34 2-34 2-20 2-22 2-25 2-26 2-29 2-31 2-31 2-32 2-32 2-1 2-8 2-8 2-9 2-13 2-16 2-19
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
2.4 Network-Level Protection 2.4.1 SDH Trail Protection 2.4.2 SNCP 2.4.3 Service Protection of Interconnected Networks 2.4.4 Virtual Optical Fiber Protection Ring 2.4.5 ATM Layer Service Protection 2.4.6 STP Protection of Ethernet Service 2.5 Clock Synchronous Network Technology 2.6 In-Service Upgrade of Unit Functions
2-35 2-35 2-36 2-36 2-37 2-37 2-38 2-39 2-44
Configuration and Networking
3.1 Configuration 3.1.1 Access Capability 3.1.2 Configuration Mode 3.2 Networking 3.2.1 Basic Networking Modes of PDH Service 3.2.2 ATM Service 3.2.3 Ethernet Service Basic Networking Modes 3.2.4 Basic Networking Mode for DDN Service Transmission 3.2.5 Self-Healing Protection 3-36 3-40 3-1 3-1 3-3 3-12 3-12 3-17 3-21
4.1 Overview 4.2 Cabinet Structure 4.3 Subrack Structure 4.4 Fan Box 4-1 4-2 4-4 4-6
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
Multiplexing Structure, Frame Structure, and Overhead Bytes
A.1 Levels of SDH A.2 Multiplexing Structure A.3 Basic Frame Structure A.4 SOH A.4.1 STM-1 SOH A.4.2 STM-4 SOH A.4.3 STM-16 SOH A.4.4 SOH Byte A.5 POH A.5.1 Higher-order POH VC-3/VC-4/VC-4-xc POH Bytes A.5.2 Lower-order POH VC-12 POH Bytes A-1 A-2 A-3 A-4 A-4 A-4 A-6 A-6 A-8 A-8 A-8
ATM Cell Structure
B.1 ATM Cell Structure B-1
C.1 Types of Interface C.1.1 ATM Interface C.1.2 Ethernet Interface C.1.3 SDH Optical Interface C.1.4 PDH and SDH Electrical Interfaces C.1.5 DDN Interface Type C.1.6 Clock Interface C.1.7 Auxiliary Interface C.2 Types of Applications C.3 Cross-Connection and Access Capacity C.4 Power Source Requirements C.5 Power Consumption of Boards C-1 C-2 C-2 C-2 C-2 C-3 C-4 C-4 C-5 C-5 C-6 C-6
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
C.6 Mechanical Structure C.7 EMC C.8 Environmental Requirements C.8.1 Environmental Index C.8.2 Environment for Storage C.8.3 Transportation Environment C.8.4 Operation Environment
C-7 C-8 C-9 C-9 C-9 C-12 C-14
D.1 Performance Specifications of Optical Interface D.1.1 SDH Optical Interface Parameters D.1.2 Mean Launched Power D.1.3 Extinction Ratio (EX) D.1.4 Receiver Sensitivity (BER=1 x 10-10) D.1.5 Receiver Overload Optical Power (BER=1 x 10-10) D-13 D.1.6 Allowable Frequency Deviation at Optical Input Port D.1.7 AIS Rate at Optical Output Port D.2 Specifications for Electrical Interface D.2.1 Signal Bit Rate at Output Port D.2.2 Attenuation Tolerance at Input Port D.2.3 Allowable Frequency Deviation at Input Port D.2.4 Anti-Interference Capability at Input Port D.2.5 Electrical Interface Protection Switching Time D.3 ATM Interface Specifications D.4 Ethernet Interface Specifications D.5 Timing and Synchronization Specifications D.5.1 Output Jitter D.5.2 Output Frequency of Internal Oscillator in Free-run Mode D.5.3 Long-Term Phase Variation in Locked Mode D-20 D-20 D-14 D-14 D-15 D-15 D-15 D-16 D-16 D-17 D-18 D-19 D-20 D-20 D-1 D-1 D-10 D-11 D-12
8 Environmental Test D.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Contents D.6.4 Mapping Jitter at PDH Tributary Interface D.9 Vibration Test D-22 D-22 D-23 D-23 D-24 D-25 D-28 D-29 D-30 E Alarm Signal Flow Diagrams F Acronyms and Abbreviations G Traverse Compatibility v .6.7 EMC Test Specifications D.5 Combined Jitter at PDH Tributary Interface D.3 Input Jitter Tolerance at PDH Tributary Interface D.2 Jitter Tolerance of SDH STM-N Input Port D.6.6 Jitter Performance Specifications D.6.1 Output Jitter of STM-N Interface D.6.
it has a uniform user bandwidth management platform. As one of the OptiX Metro series product family of Huawei. For the Ethernet services.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1 System Overview 1. (hereinafter referred to as Huawei) based on the current and future development trends of metropolitan area networks (MANs). it can also be used as access layer transmission equipment.. Ltd. In addition. It is also capable of accessing. configured as multiple add/drop multiplexer. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can serve as the backbone transmission equipment. A networkwide solution using the OptiX Metro series products is as shown in Figure 1-1. processing. voice and data services) on one single MSTP. with relatively light traffic at the backbone layer. and dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) technologies. or MADM) of the SDH equipment. it is used for the service convergence of the convergence layer in the data communication networks. It can accomplish dynamic allocation of the bandwidth for ATM services by implementing VP-Ring technology. It can expand the ring transmission bandwidth at a low cost with built-in DWDM technology. and can implement effective management of the user access and transmission bandwidth. 1-1 . and features flexible networking and high traffic grooming capabilities (for example. At the access layer with heavy traffic. Ethernet. transmitting and grooming ATM/Ethernet services by implementing the Layer 2 processing.1 Introduction The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is a multi-service transmission platform (MSTP) developed by Huawei Technologies Co. ATM. It achieves the transmission and processing of multiple services (for example. In the network applications. The system integrates SDH. it can accomplish the sharing of the entire bandwidth by means of VLAN control and Layer 2 switching technologies.
It features enormous cross-connect capacity. Its flexible and multiple equipment configuration functions and abundant tributary interfaces strengthen the service configuration and networking capabilities of the equipment. It adopts a series of proprietary application specific integrated circuits (ASICs). The OptiX series equipment use a unified network management platform to provide a centralized operation. and ensure the safe operation of the network. A single subrack of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides 128 × 128 VC-4 cross-connect capability. which enhances the integrity of the equipment. 1-2 . abundant tributary access capacity and excellent performance.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM MSTP Backbone Layer Services STM-64/16/4/1 GE/POS/10M/100M STM-16C STM-4C Fiber Channel ESCON FICON STM-16/4/1 GE/POS/10M/100M STM-16C STM-4C 2M/34/45M Fiber Channel FICON OptiX 10G/Metro 6100 SNCP/MSP/VP Ring TDM ATM IP OptiX Metro MSTP Multi-service Transmission Platform Convergence Layer OptiX 2500+ SNCP/MSP/VP Ring 2M/10M/ 100M STM-4C STM-4/1 10M/100M 2M/34/45M Access Layer 2M/10M/ 100M OptiX 155/622H SNCP/MSP/VP Ring Business Group PON/APON Transmission for Mobile Enterprise Group Business Group Enterprise Group Ethernet Intelligent Residential Area Figure 1-1 A total network solution with the OptiX Metro series products The OptiX 2500+ (Metro3000) inherits the advantages of the Huawei OptiX series optical transmission equipment. It takes advantage of the scientific research in the SDH field and the experience in developing data communication products of Huawei. achieve automatic service configuration and grooming . administration and maintenance (OA&M).
The auxiliary interface unit provides various maintenance interfaces of the system (for example. and orderwire telephone interface). RS-232 interface. which traces the external clock source or the line clock source to provide the clock source to the system. 1-3 . the SDH overhead byte processing and NM interfaces. Ethernet interface. SDH cross-connect matrix unit and synchronous timing unit (128 x128 VC-4) System control & communication unit and Overhead processing unit SDH interface unit (STM-1/4/16) PDH interface unit (E1/T1/E3/ T3/E4) Ethernet interface unit (10/100BASE-T 100BASE-FX. The system control & communication and overhead processing unit (SCC) provides the system internal control and communication interfaces.2 System Architecture The kernel of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is the SDH cross-connect matrix and synchronous timing unit. It consists of: Interface units SDH cross-connect matrix unit and synchronous timing unit System control & communication unit Overhead processing unit The architecture of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is shown in Figure 1-2. and the timing unit. PDH interface unit (E1/T1/E3/T3). ATM interface unit (STM-1) and Ethernet interface unit (10/100BASE-T/100BASE-FX/1000BASE-SX/LX). DDN interface unit (N × 64K/E1). The SDH cross-connect matrix and synchronous timing unit comprises two sub-units: the SDH cross-connect matrix unit has the cross-connect capacity of 128 × 128 VC-4 (2016 × 2016 VC-12). 1000BASE-SX/LX) DDN interface unit (64K/E1) ATM interface unit (STM-1) Figure 1-2 System architectureof the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) The system interface units include the SDH interface unit (STM-16/STM-4/STM-1).System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1.
the network elements make the entire system to work in that mode (like systems 1# and 2#) by distributing the concerned line interface units and tributary interface units to different sub-systems. while the cross-connection of services can be accomplished among different systems.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1. the ADM NE structure is similar to a back-to-back combination of the TMs. The TM NE system structure is as shown in Figure 1-3. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can also work in a multi-system mode. tributary interface units (including the PDH. These functional units interwork with each other.2. The TM network element consists of line interface unit (SDH interface unit). system control & communication. In the multi-system mode. SDH Crossconnect Matrix and Synchronous Timing Unit (high-order and low-order) PDH Interface Tributary interface unit SDH Interface ATM Interface Ethernet Interface DDN Interface Optical amplifier (optional) STM-4/16 Line interface unit Control Bus System Control and Communication Unit Switch Control Sync Timing Figure 1-3 TM NE architecture In some way.1 NE Structure The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) network elements (NEs) can be configured as multi-add/drop multiplexer (MADM). add/drop multiplexer (ADM). overhead processing unit. ATM and DDN interface units). cross-connect matrix and synchronous timing unit. The multi-system NE system structure is as shown in Figure 1-4. SDH. Ethernet. terminal multiplexer (TM) and regenerator (REG). 1-4 .
The NM system enhances the quality of network services. They support the SDH. 1-5 . With all of these functions and features. The transmission network management systems have a uniform network management platform provided by Huawei. SDH service management. In addition to these basic operation and maintenance functions. ATM flow management.System Overview Tributary-side service access Line-side service transmit Optical amplifier (optional) SDH Cross-connect Matrix and Synchronous Timing Unit (high-order and loworder) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Tributary-side service access Optical amplifier (optional) Line-side service transmit 1# System 2# System Control Bus Sync Timing System Control and Communication Unit Switch Control Figure 1-4 Multi-system Network Element architecture 1. from the network element layer and subnet layer to the network layer.2 NM System The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is managed by the OptiX iManager network management system in a unified way. multi-service networks. and the equipment maintenance management. performance management. ATM VP protection. thus implementing effective management of sub-networks.2. system management. the transmission network management system provides a unified management of the multi-service transmission equipment. ATM PVC management. NE management system. Huawei provides telecom operators with a series of optical transmission network management systems that are applied in the networks of different levels. the transmission network management system provides a lot of management functions. and have also some service management layer functions. and NMS. local NMS. maintenance. and OptiX Metro equipment. DWDM. reduces the maintenance cost. security. The OptiX iManager manages the faults. and provide telecom operators with complete network management solutions from a single equipment unit. These products cover the applications of the TMN network management model. Based on the features of the OptiX 2500+ (Metro3000) and the requirements for multi-service transmission. that is. the transmission network management systems of Huawei have the local maintenance terminal. configuration. and ensures an efficient use of the network resources. It provides an end-to-end management function according to the requirements of customers. regional or national networks. performance. single service network to the large-scale. and also facilitates the testing of the entire optical transmission system. To adapt to the network management of different scales and levels. Ethernet access. the Huawei NMS also has the transmission network monitoring and control capabilities. alarm management.
16 N × 64 K and 16 SHDSL DDN services. and excellent performance. E1/T1.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1. 1000BASE-SX/LX Ethernet interface Built-in Ethernet ring technology To bring higher transmission efficiency. less complexity. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) that incorporates the Ethernet ring functional module is able to transmit one particular type of service in the most appropriate and efficient way. It draws on the technological achievements in the SDH field and the experiences in the development of data communication products. The introduction of the Ethernet ring technology into the system optimizes the transmission network. It has powerful cross-connect capacity.3 Features The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) inherits the strengths of the OptiX series optical transmission equipment of Huawei. It features the following: A lot of service interfaces The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides: (1) SDH interfaces (STM-1. Large access capacity One subrack of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) equipment has a maximum access capacity of 96 × STM-1. The carriers can smoothly upgrade the legacy infrastructure to maintain the previous investment and yield maximized profits. and STM-16) (2) Plesiochronous digital hierarchy (PDH) interfaces (E1. Huawei has a built-in Ethernet ring transmission solution. and lower cost to the Ethernet service transmission. and the 64 K service cross-connect grooming capability is 60 × 32. which increases the integration degree of the equipment. DDN service access and grooming One subrack of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can simultaneously access a maximum of 64 E1. E3/T3. It adopts a series of proprietary ASICs. abundant tributary access capability. and E4) (3) 64K/E1-rate DDN interfaces (4) STM-1 ATM O/E interfaces (5) 10/100BASE-T. STM-4. 100BASE-FX. and provides a maximum of the following external interfaces: (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) 64 × STM-1 ATM standard optical interface 64 x 10/100Base-T Ethernet electrical/optical interfaces 12 x 1000Base-SX/LX Gigabit Ethernet interfaces 504 x E1/T1 standard interfaces 24 x E3/T3 standard interface 32 x E4 standard interface 48 x STM-1 standard optical interfaces 1-6 .
STM-4 and/or STM-16 ADMs of a multi-system cross-connect capability. The OFA includes booster amplifier (BA) and preamplifier (PA). Flexible service configuration The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can be flexibly configured as TM (Terminal Multiplexer) or ADM (Add/Drop Multiplexer). standard wavelength optical interface to access the optical signals into the DWDM system for a flexible configuration of the transmission bandwidth. including ITU-T S-16.652 fiber. L-16. (6) OAM interface.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM (8) 32 x STM-1 standard electrical interfaces (9) 16 x STM-4 standard optical interfaces (10) 6 x STM-16 standard optical interfaces The above is the maximum number of interfaces that the equipment can provide. (2) Four customer-defined asynchronous RS-232/RS-422 data interfaces. In addition. (7) Analog telephone ports connection to establish orderwire communication. Direct access of signals through PDH interfaces The main subrack of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) directly provides PDH interfaces. One NE (Network Element) can be configured either as a single STM-16 TM or ADM. (4) Two (transmit & receive) 2MHz or 2Mbit/s external synchronous clock interfaces.2.2 optical interface that can achieve repeaterless transmission distance of 100 km. Multiple ultra long-haul transmission solutions The transmission distance of the system can be extended by using optical fiber amplifier (OFA). (5) F&f interface.1. (3) One 64 kbit/s equidirectional data interface for accessing F1 byte. more PDH interfaces can be provided through extended subracks. In addition it can also provide different combinations of the above interfaces. or as an MADM with STM-1. A lot of auxiliary interfaces Several data interfaces are available for the user with its powerful overhead processing capability: (1) Three 2-wire analog telephone interfaces for the orderwire communication in the regenerator section and the multiplex section. Each NE can be accessed with 504 x E1 or E1/T1 standard interfaces or 24 x E3/T3 standard interfaces. In addition it provides the G. and L-16. It provides the Le-16.1 optical interfaces.2 optical interfaces through EDFA. The needs for different transmission distances are satisfied.2 and U-16. It also provides ITU-T V-16.692-compliant. A complete series of STM-16 optical interfaces The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides STM-16 series optical interfaces based on ITU-T G. or 1-7 .
When it works under the locked mode.783. Powerful ECC processing capability The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is equipped with powerful processors. data communication.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Ethernet interfaces connection to establish DCC communication. Besides. In the network planning. D1–D3. Network development oriented capacity expansion capability PDH/SDH interface board of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) adopts a compatibility. The monitoring and management information of other vendors can be transmitted transparently with the D4–D12 bytes. and other types of traffic with a high QoS. It is adequate for complex networking. It supports the transmission of the ECC management information by the D1–D12 bytes with three modes available. The clock selection function of various priorities and the use of S1 byte ensure the reliable operation of the network timing system. and RS-422) provided through TDA (box-shaped audio data access equipment). The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) transports GSM. holdover mode and free-run mode. and asynchronous data interfaces (RS-232. while the STM-4 system can be upgraded to the STM-16 system. for two networks without fiber connection. The equipment can be configured into STM-4 or STM-16 system. users can be concerned only with the initial capacity of the system and minimize the initial investment. the timing system also provides synchronous status message (SSM) function. SS7. Outstanding interface jitter performance The superb performance of the 2048kbit/s interface is attributable to the proprietary mapping/demapping chip. bit leakage technology and autosensing filtering algorithm of Huawei. It makes the mapping jitter and combined jitter of the 2048kbit/s interfaces far better than the indices designated in ITU-T Recommendation G.and integration-based design. (8) Analog audio interface. Excellent EMC performance OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is designed based on the ETS 300 386 series and the ETS 300 127 of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI). It is possible to have a processing capability of up to 20 channels of ECC. the line. and upgrade and capacity expansion can be made in the future on a demand basis. D7–D9. ATM and Ethernet services can be added to the system to realize transmission on a multi-service platform. In addition to the original SDH service. and has passed 1-8 .813. The timing system can work under locked mode. and D4–D12. tributary or external clock source can be selected as reference clock source. The timing system adopts digital signal processor (DSP) and autosensing digital filter algorithm that ensures the full compliance of the specifications with ITU-T Recommendation G. Outstanding clock synchronization performance The state-of-the-art high precision crystals are used as the internal oscillation source.
The cross-connect matrix of equipment includes a higher-order cross-connect matrix of 128 x 128 VC-4 and a lower-order cross-connect matrix of 2016 x 2016 VC-12. rt-VBR. F4 flows The layered protection at the ATM layer and the SDH layer. with maximum 4k connections Maximum five multicast groups The OAM cell based CC. and logical multicast (for the same port). Supported by the large-capacity cross-connect matrix and software functions. It provides maximum 64 x STM-1 ATM optical interfaces (single-mode and multi-mode). and supports the bandwidth convergence function of multiple ports and statistical multiplexing of the transmission bandwidth to improve the transmission bandwidth utility. ATM Service Processing Capability The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) processes the STM-1 ATM services at the ATM layer. one single subrack has 48 x STM-1 access capability. When it is inserted with the XCL cross-connect board with a 48 x 48 VC-4 higher-order cross-connect matrix (1008 x 1008 VC-12 lower-order cross-connect matrix). spatial multicast (for different ports). with maximum 2 k VPGs 1-9 . With powerful cross-connect capability. it can be used as a medium-capacity local cross-connect system. It supports: The access and processing of the CBR.4 Functionality 1. It makes the system fit for medium and small-sized local network with its ideal prize/performance ratio. Powerful Multi-System Capability The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) has a powerful cross-connect capability. it can for multiple TMs or ADMs on a single subrack.System Overview the EMC tests. It enhances the networking and inter-network service grooming capabilities of the equipment considerably. It supports service grooming and protection between the multiple systems. supports ATM service protection through VP-Ring. and UBR services The UNI/NNI interfaces The CAC function The PVC and switching of VP The point-to-point and point-to-multipoint connections. 2. nrt-VBR. OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1. with the 1+1 one-ended protection of the ATM layer VP-Ring The VPG function.
and the number can be configured flexibly. It supports: IEEE 802.1Q standards The configuration of 4 k virtual local area networks (VLANs) The service isolation with ports and VLAN label. or 18 x VC-3 plus 126 x VC-12. Ethernet Service Processing Capability The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides the Layer 2 processing and switching function of the Ethernet service and realizes the convergence of the Ethernet ports and the sharing of the ring bandwidth. the Ethernet service can be mapped to 48 x E1. and to possibly bring about connection backup The configuration and query of user priority with the IP TOS byte and VLAN The IEEE 802.3X flow control (possible to set the flow control function of the port) The alarm and the traffic statistics of the Ethernet interface The convergence function The SDH multiplex section and path protection The alarm and performance monitoring of VC-12 The statistics function of the Ethernet interface RMON For an EMS1 board. For an ET1 board.3. and the number can be configured flexibly.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The line transmission at the STM-1 level maximum when it is 1+1 VP-Ring protection at the ATM layer The performance and alarm at the SDH layer and the ATM layer. and the secondary switching of VLAN and MAC (8 k MAC addresses supported). The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides 12 1000BASE-SX/LX (optical interface). the Ethernet service can be mapped to 24 x VC-3. the performance and alarm at ATM ports 3. It provides maximum 64 x 10/100BASE-T (electrical interfaces) or 64 x 100BASE-FX (optical interfaces). with the self-learning and manual configuration functions of the MAC address table Spanning tree protocol (STP) to avoid broadcast storm for closed-loop network connections. 1-10 . The interfaces characteristics in compliance with IEEE 802. 4. It supports: Access for 1 channel of 1000BASE-SX/LX Ethernet service and 8 channels of 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX or 100BASE-FX. and the flexible bandwidth configuration of VLAN-based users The static route setting according to ports and VLAN label.
Flexible Networking Capability With the large-capacity cross-connect matrix. the EGT board. point-to-multi-point transparent transmission and multi-point-to-multi-point transmission (bridge service).25 Gbit/s. Support a maximum of 8 x VC-trunk. the most of its functionality is largely the same with the EMS1. L2 VPN function. it can provide 2 x 1000Base-LX/SX multimode/single-mode optical interface. For the Gigabit Ethernet VC-4 processing board. Encapsulation/decapsulation of GFP. The addition of the bandwidth of the two interfaces does not exceed 8 VC-4s. The maximum bandwidth is 1. which realizes the transparent transmission of fast Ethernet service by adopting technologies like HDLC/LAPS/GFP-F encapsulation/decapsulation protocol and concatenation. It supports the virtual concatenation at VC-3 or VC-12 level. Each interface can configure 1–8 VC-4s or 1–24 VC-3 with the smallest granularity of one VC-3 in maximum. For the 100 M Ethernet VC-3/VC-12 transparent transmission board. It supports 12 x VC-e or 63 x VC-12 in maximum with capacity of 622 Mbit/s. For an EFS0 board. with each port: Supporting the LAPS protocol to encapsulate the data frame Having the flow control function for the Ethernet port and SDH side Providing the functions of data frame flow statistics. namely Ethernet private line (EPL) service.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Point-to-point transparent transmission. The differences are as following: EFS0 board can not access Gigabit Ethernet service. Ethernet virtual private line (EVPL) service. with each comprising a maximum of 12 x VC-3 or 63 x VC-12. Maximum of 24 x VC-Trunk. Mapping a maximum of 12 x VC-3 or 6 x VC-3 plus 126 x VC-12 for EFS0 board. it can access 8 channels of fast Ethernet services. monitoring and alarming Supporting transparent transmission of the Ethernet service For the Gigabit Ethernet VC4/VC-3 transparent transmission process board. Each port has a fixed corresponding VC-trunk. it can provide two 1000BASE-SX/LX ports. MPLS encapsulated datagram processing and common Ethernet datagram processing. 5. the EFT board. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can provide powerful networking capability to meet the requirements of complex networking in the 1-11 . GFP encapsulation is compliant with ITU-T G. Ethernet private LAN (EPLn/EPLAN) service and Ethernet virtual private LAN (EVPLn/EVPLAN) service.7041 Standard. the EGT2 board.
including point to point. It provides 1:8 equipment level protection for PDH processing boards (E1. the equipment provides related protective measures. Ideal Protection Mechanism The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides both the equipment level and network level protections. ring. For the Ethernet service. On a subrack. the data link layer protection is added. ATM service monopolizing VC-4 and cascaded VC-4-4c bandwidth. that is. T1. The protection at the network level includes SDH layer protection and ATM layer protection. hub. Based on the SDH layer protection mechanism. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can provide the equipment level protection through redundancy hot backup of the tributary. E3 and T3). and mesh. the ITU-T I. and cross-connect units.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM central office. 1:7 equipment level protection for the STM-1 SDH electrical interface boards and 1:8 equipment level protection for DDN service boards. and Ethernet service. The layered protection of the services is formed to meet the requirements of different networking applications. For the ATM service that needs shared transmission bandwidth. and E4/STM-1 interfaces. it also supports multiple TPS protection groups (a maximum of 4) protected simultaneously by the E1/T1. It supports multiple topologies. timing.630-compliant VP Ring protection mechanism is adopted. Under abnormal working conditions (power overvoltage/undervoltage or excessively high working temperature). 6. 1-12 . E3/T3. chain. the conventional SDH transmission layer protection system can be used to protect data services and the Ethernet ring technology can also be used for corresponding protection to improve the security of the Ethernet service. the Ethernet ring networking protection mode is used to realize double protection. The SDH layer protection includes: 1+1 and 1:N linear multiplex section protection Two-fiber unidirectional multiplex section dedicated protection ring Two-fiber bidirectional multiplex section shared protection ring Four-fiber bidirectional multiplex section shared protection ring Two-fiber unidirectional path protection ring Two-fiber bidirectional path protection ring Subnetwork connection multi-path protection (SNCMP) Shared fiber virtual trail protection The mature and completed SDH protection mechanism is still used for the PDH service.
It is not necessary that the downstream nodes respond only when the synchronous timing signals are detected to be over the deterioration threshold.System Overview OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 7. it can set SSM thresholds of various NEs. 1-13 . The NE clock also has perfect SSM management function. and RS-232. minor undervoltage. Its external synchronous clock input interface can directly receive the synchronous information of the external timing equipment. minor overvoltage. Network Management System with Perfect Functions The transport network management system OptiX iManager perform integrated OAM for the complex network constructed with the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) systems to realize the configuration and grooming of circuits and ensure the normal running of the network. and other asynchronous data interfaces apart from the PDH interface. 10. 8. Tone and Asynchronous Data Processing Ability The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides analog tone interface. power environment monitoring information. RS-422. the downstream nodes can switch over the input clock source or change into holdover working status timely. saving data. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) protects the board power supply system through centralized backup and dispersed power supply to improve the safety of equipment operation. It provides alarm input/output function. charging information. In this way the synchronous operation quality of the entire network is improved. Additionally the SSM management function can simplify the planning and design of the synchronous network. The alarm input function realizes the remote monitoring of the user environment. and the alarm output function realizes the centralized monitoring of alarms in various devices by connecting to the alarm interface of the centralized alarm system. Ideal SSM Management Function The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides SSM management function of the synchronous clock. The interconnection with the equipment of other manufacturers is convenient. Power Supply and Environment Monitoring Function It inputs 2 x –48 V/–60 V power supplies and monitors the specific values of voltage as well as the overvoltage and undervoltage (serious undervoltage. when the synchronous timing signal traced by the system degrades. serious overvoltage). They provides the users with functions to directly transmit SDH transmission network based subrate services that range extensively from paging. The clock output by the synchronous clock output interface also has the SSM function and can set flexibly the bits where SSM in 2048 kbit/s is located. and facilitates the management of the synchronous network. Besides. microwave equipment monitoring information to the NM information of the transmission equipment of other vendors. 9. It helps the system to avoid timing loop during the clock switching. With this function.
The IU processing board is slot compatible with SDH & PDH processing boards. and the broadband service processing board (ATM/Ethernet processing board).OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2 Functionality 2. The LTU interface board is slot compatible with the interface board and bridge board corresponding to the IU processing board slot (for TPS function). 2-1 .1 Overview The functional architecture of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is shown in Figure 2-1.
and ATM processing board). the interfacing of circuit boards of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) has two modes. The numbers of slots for different boards are listed as follows: System control & communication and overhead processing board (SCC) slot: 1 Cross-connect and synchronous timing boards (XCS) slot: 2.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM LTU1 LTU2 LTU3 LTU4 IU1 IU2 IU3 IU4 IU5 IU6 SDH cross-connect and synchronous timing units (XCS board) IU7 IU8 IU9 IU10 IU11 IU12 IU slot processing board Auxiliary interface unit (AIU board) Auxiliary interfaces System control & communitations processing unit (SCC board) Switch control unit LTU9 LTU10 LTU11 LTU12 LTU slot interface board LTU slot interface board IU slot processing board Timing unit External timing interface Manageme nt interface External unit Figure 2-1 Functional architecture of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) The slot assignment of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is shown in Figure 2-2. part of the Ethernet processing boards. 2-2 . One is through the blank panels on the IU processing boards (such as most of the SDH processing boards). IU processing board slot: 12 LTU interface board slot: 8 Equipment protection slot (IUP): 1 Protection switching driving slot (LPDR): 1 Protection switching control slot (EIPC): 1 Power backup slot (PBU): 1 Fan box (FAN): 1 For cable outlet. and the other is with the assistance of LTU slot (PDH processing board.
Table 2-1 Circuit boards to be plugged in the slots of IU processing board Board S16 SD4 SL4 SL1 SD1 SQ1 Function description STM-16 optical interface unit 2 x STM-4 optical interface board STM-4 optical interface unit STM-1 optical interface unit 2 x STM-1 optical interface board 4 x STM-1 optical interface board Available slot IU4-9 IU4-9 IU1-12 IU1-12 IU1-12 IU3-10 Transfer mode IU IU IU IU IU IU Processing ability 16 x STM-1 8 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 1 x STM-1 2 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 2-3 .Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM I I I I I I X X I I U U U U U U C C U U 1/P 2 3 4 5 6 S S 7 8 I I I I S I U U U U C U 9 10 11 12 C P (1) F B 1 / L P D R L T U 12 L T U 11 L T U 10 L T U 9 L T U 4 L T U 3 L T U 2 L T U 1 / F B 2 E I P C P B U (2) (1) Slot assignment in the front view in the subrack front compartment (2) Interface area in the subrack back compartment Figure 2-2 Slot layout of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) Circuit boards to be plugged in the slots of IU processing boards are listed in Table 2-1.
Table 2-2 Circuit boards to be plugged in the slots of LTU transfer board Board E75S E12S C34B Function description 63 x 75 ohm E1 connecting switching unit 63 x 120 ohm E1 connecting switching unit 3 x E3/T3 electrical interface board Available slot LTU1-8 LTU1-8 LTU1-8 Supporting board PD1/PQ1 PM1/PQM PL3 2-4 . IU9-12 IU1-4.Functionality Board SDE SQE SPQ4 PL3 PD1 PQ1 PM1 PQM DX1 AL1 ET1 EMS1 EFS0 EFT EGT2 EGT BA2/BPA OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Function description Dual STM-1 electrical interfaces unit 4 x STM-1 electrical interface board 4 x E4&STM-1 electrical interface board 3 x E3/T3 interfaces unit 32 x E1 interfaces unit 63 x E1 interfaces unit 32 x E1/T1 interfaces unit 63 x T1/E1 interfaces unit DDN processing unit 155 M ATM process unit Ethernet transparent transmission unit Fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing board Fast Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing board Fast Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 transparent transmission board Gigabit Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 transparent transmission board Gigabit Ethernet transparent transmission board Optical booster amplifier unit/optical booster & pre-amplifier unit Available slot IU1-12 IU1-4. IU9 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU4-9 IU4-9 Even-numbered slots Transfer mode IU LTU LTU LTU LTU LTU LTU LTU LTU LTU LTU LTU and IU LTU LTU IU IU IU Processing ability 2 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 1 x STM-1 32 x E1 63 x E1 32 x E1/T1 63 x E1/T1 48 x E1 4 x STM-1 48 x E1 8 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 8 x STM-1 8 x STM-1 0 x STM-1 Circuit boards to be plugged in the slots of LTU interface board are listed in Table 2-2. IU9-IU12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU1-IU4. IU9-12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU1-4. IU9-12 IU4. IU9-12 IU1-4.
Functionality Board C34S LPSW LPDR DM12 AOO1 AOQ1 EMT8 EMF8 EMF4 FB1 FB2 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Function description 3 x E3/T3 PDH interface switching board 4 x 75 ohm E4/STM-1 electrical connecting switching unit 4 x 75 ohm E4/STM-1 electrical drive unit DDN 12-port mixed access unit Octuple 155 M ATM optical interface unit Quadruple 155 M ATM optical interface unit 10/100 M BaseT Ethernet interface unit 8-Port 10 M/100 M BaseFx fast Ethernet interface unit 4-Port 10 M/100 M BaseFx fast Ethernet interface unit Internal connection unit-type I Internal connection unit-type II Available slot LTU1-8 LTU1-8 FB1/LPDR LTU1-LTU8 LTU1-8 LTU1-8 LTU1-8 LTU1-8 LTU1-8 FB1/LPDR LTU1/FB2 Supporting board PL3 SQE/SPQ4 SQE/SPQ4 DX1 AL1 AL1 ET1/EMS1/EFS0 ET1/EMS1/EFS0 ET1/EMS1/EFS0 The functional units with the boards of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) and their features are listed in Table 2-3. 2-5 .
SQE. T1. SPQ4 Unit function Access and process the optical signals of STM-1/STM-4/STM-16 rates and the VC-4-4c concatenated optical/electrical signal. FB2 Support TPS function by leading the signals to the protection bus. C34B. LPSW EIPC Access and process STM-1 electrical signal Interface unit PDH interface unit Electrical interface switching control board Backplane E1 cable connection board DDN processing board DDN interface board ATM processing board ATM interface board Gigabit Ethernet VC-4 processing board 100 Mbit/s Ethernet VC-12 processing board 100 Mbit/s Ethernet interface board Access and process the electrical signals of E1.Functionality Table 2-3 Functional units of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Unit function Included boards SDH processing board SDH interface unit S16. SD1. EMF4 2-6 . Access and process the 10/100BASE-T Ethernet electrical signal or the 100 BASE-FX optical signal. SDE. SL1. E3. SPQ4 E75S. SQ1. EMF8. Interface unit 75 Ω line protection drive board 75 Ω line protection switching board PDH processing board PDH interface board LPDR LPSW PD1. and E4 rates. SL4. AOO1 EGT DDN interface unit ATM interface unit Interface unit Ethernet transparent transmission interface unit ET1. 64 K and SHDSL. Access and process the DDN signals of Frame E1. DX1 DM12 AL1 AOQ1. Access and process the 1000BASE-SX/LX Ethernet optical signal. PL3. E12S. ET1S EMT8. T3. and groom the 64 K services on a cross-connect basis Access and process the ATM optical/electrical signals of STM-1 rate. SD4. PQ1. FB1. PQM. PM1.
and process the SDH signal overhead. 4 x RS-232 signal. and switch the 10BASE-T/100BASE-TX Ethernet electrical signals. XCL Synchronous timing unit System control & communication unit Overhead processing unit Power backup unit PBU OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Unit function Access. and 4 x RS-422 signal. Provide maintenance and power supply interfaces (for example. process. Provide interface between the system and the NM. BA2 and BPA are board-shaped. COA SCC Switching control unit EIPC Auxiliary interface unit SFU. Implement the cross-connect of SDH and PDH signals. BPA. Supply backup power for the boards with the power module failed Implement the software and hardware control function for the electrical interface protection.Functionality Unit function Included boards Fast Ethernet /Gigabit Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing Board Fast Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing Board 100 Mbit/s Ethernet interface board Tone and asynchronous data interface unit Optical amplification unit SDH cross-connect matrix unit XCS. TPS protection available for 10 BASE-T /100BASE-TX and 100 BASE-FX Ethernet signals. PIU 2-7 . and provide clock reference to the system. 100BASE-FX Ethernet and 1000BASE-SX/LX optical signals. EMF4 Support the accessing of 12 x tone signals. RS-232 and orderwire) TDA BA2. and COA is built externally. EMS1 Interface unit Ethernet switching processing interface unit EFS0 EMT8. EMF8.
2. In virtual path connection (VPC). Support CAC function. Support the ATM layer VP-Ring 1+1 single-end and dual-end protection switching function. ATM Processing Board (AL1) AL1 is an ATM service processing board of ATM interface unit. 1. Support PVC and PVP/PVC switching. Provide synchronous timing source for the synchronous timing unit. the value of VPI ranges from 0 to 255. The maximum point-to-point link connection number: 4K and the supported multi-cast branch number: 5. AOQ1) The AOO1 and AOQ1 boards are the service interface board of the ATM unit. Supports both the outloop and inloop at SDH side. ATM Interface Board (AOO1. Support spatial multicast (different optical interfaces) and logical multicast (identical ports). Support VP-Ring shared bandwidth protection function at ATM layer. It provides the following functions: Support the processing of eight STM-1 ATM services as well as the convergence of transmission bandwidth from eight STM-1 ATM services to a single STM-1 (bidirectional service protection available). and 2-8 . Support the point-to-point & point-to-multipoint link connection. nrt-VBR. Support VPG function. rt-VBR. The hold-off time can be a value from 0s to 10s. This unit can be adopted to enable the convergence of transmission bandwidth from eight STM-1 ATM services to a single STM-1. The hold-off time should be from 6s to 10s when MSP and VP-ring are configured simultaneously. the value of VPI ranges from 0 to 63 and that of VCI ranges from 32 to 127. Support UNI/NNI interface. Protection can be realized by MSP or VP-ring. In virtual channel connection (VCC). 2.1 ATM Interface Unit ATM interface unit comprises the ATM processing board (AL1) plugged in the IU slot and ATM interface board (AOO1 and AOQ1) plugged in the LTU slot.2 Functional Units 2. The hold-off time is set to be 0 when MSP and VP-ring are not coexisting.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2. UBR services. It also enables the VP Ring protection. Support the following CBR.
1. 2.2 Ethernet Interface Unit The Ethernet interface unit consists of the 100 Mbit/s Ethernet processing board (ET1) plugged in the IU slot. It isolates subscribers through Ethernet port and VLAN labels so that multiple subscribers can share the same VC-Trunk channel. and N i [ 48. AOQ1can access 4 x STM-1 ATM services. fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing board (EMS1). It adopts ML-PPP and bundles multiple physical channels (VC-12) into a single logic channel (VC-Trunk channel) for service transmission. 100 Mbit/s Ethernet VC-12 Processing Board (ET1) The ET1 board is the Ethernet service processing board in the Ethernet VC-12 interface unit. It supports Layer 2 switching based on VLAN and MAC. 100 Mbit/s Ethernet VC-3/VC-12 transparent transmission board (EFT) and the 100 Mbit/s Ethernet interface boards (EMT8. Number of supported Ethernet address routes: 8 K. It supports the flexible distribution of bandwidth based on VLAN and enables multiple VLANs to share 1–48 2 Mbit/s channels through the VC Trunk mode. Gigabit Ethernet VC-4 processing board (EGT). ET1 provides the following functions: It supports the accumulation and concentration of 8 x 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet services and maps the concentrated Ethernet frames into the specified 2 Mbit/s for transmission through the VC Trunk mode. AOO1 can access 8 x STM-1 ATM services. OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM AOO1 supports eight ATM single-mode/multimode optical interface (LC/PC connector). Gigabit Ethernet VC4/VC-3 transparent transmission process board (EGT2).2. AOO1 and AOQ1 support single-mode interface automatic shutdown function. EMF8. The ET1 board supports the mapping of N i [ 48 2 Mbit/s (where ‘i’ is the number of interfaces on the fast Ethernet interface board corresponding to ET1. and "i” ranges from 1 to 8). It supports the distribution of 4 K VLAN and 16 VC-Trunk channels.Functionality they have the following functions respectively. AOQ1 provides eight ATM single-mode/multimode optical interface (LC/PC connector). fast Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing board (EFS0). It supports internet group management protocol (IGMP) and the dynamic Each 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet service of the ET1 board can be mapped into N i 2-9 . and EMF4) that can be plugged in the LTU slot. 2 Mbit/s.
It supports the function of auto-negotiation in the physical layer complying with IEEE 802.86 Standard. and it is able to set the flow control and the attributes of the port. point-to-multipoint transparent transmission and multipoint-to-multipoint transmission (bridge service). It provides link pass through (LPT). The EMS1 board has the following functions: It accesses 1 x 1000 Mbit/s Ethernet service and 8 x 10/100 Mbit/s Ethernet services which occupy 8 x VC-4. 2. In this way. It supports the IEEE802. it can detect such fault and instruct the connected equipment (such as router) to open the standby trail. GFP encapsulation is compliant with ITU-T G. It adopts GFP-F/LAPS/HDLC and bundles multiple physical channels (VC-12/VC-3) into a single logic channel (VC-Trunk channel) for service transmission. including DA and SA). It supports Layer 2 switch of Ethernet data. It supports the path protection for multiple VC-12s that bound with Ethernet services through VC trunk. It implements Layer 2 VPN function. Ethernet private LAN (EPLn/EPLAN) service and Ethernet virtual private LAN (EVPLn/EVPLAN) service.3X flow control. the normal transmission of important data is maintained. LAPS protocol is compliant with ITU-TX. It supports the LAPS/GFP-F encapsulation/ decapsulation of packets. and enables MAC address learning and item updating. namely Ethernet private line (EPL) service. It dynamically configures the multicast function. In the case of service cut. The maximum SDH-side bandwidth available is 1. It supports point-to-point transparent transmission. It supports MPLS encapsulated datagram processing and common Ethernet datagram processing. Fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 Switching Processing Board (EMS1) The EMS1 board is the fast Ethernet/Gigabit Ethernet switching processing board in the Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 interface unit. It supports MAC address filtering (blacklist function.3u protocol. It supports multicast and broadcast.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM multicast route learning function.25 Gbit/s. Ethernet virtual private line (EVPL) service. 2-10 . namely forbids the services of the subscriber listed in the blacklist to forward. It supports the STP.7041 Standard.
3. which implements the access and convergence of the Ethernet service. IU9 EFS0 4 × VC4 No Null EMT8/EMF8/EMF4 IU1–IU4. In this way. It supports VLAN divided by port-based. and the sum of the bandwidth of the two ports is not larger than eight VC-4. offering a total capacity of 1.1q and IEEE 802. In the case of service cut. Table 2-4 Comparison of EFS0 and EMS1 Comparison Uplink bandwidth Can it access Gigabit Ethernet? Optical interface in the front panel Interface board Slot EMS1 8 × VC4 Yes 1 x 1000 Mbit/s optical interface EMT8/EMF8/EMF4 IU4. the normal transmission of important data is maintained. It supports a maximum of 24 x VC-3.1p.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM It supports VC-3-level or VC-12-level concatenation. It Supports IEEE 802.25 Gbit/s. Gigabit Ethernet VC-4 Processing Board (EGT) The EGT is responsible for the accessing of the Gigabit Ethernet service and the point-to-point transparent transmission. IU9–IU12 4. Supports a maximum of 24 x VC-Trunk. The functions are as follows: Each EGT board provides two 1000Base-LX/SX optical interfaces (which supports hot swappable and single-mode/multimode). 2-11 . Fast Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 Switching Processing Board (EFS0) EFS0 board is also Ethernet board as EMS1 board. it can detect such fault and instruct the connected equipment (such as router) to open the standby trail. Totally 4096 VLANs can be made available. Each VC-Trunk comprises a maximum of 12 x VC-3 or 63 x VC-12. or 126 x VC-12 plus 18 x VC-3(VC-3 and VC-12 can be configured). It offers a port-based committed access rate (CAR) of 64 kbit/s. The minimum granularity is one VC-4. The maximum transmission bandwidth of each port can be flexibly configured as 1–8 VC-4. The functionality of the EFS0 board is largely the same with that of the EMS1 board.3x-compliant flow control. It provides link pass through (LPT). The differences between them are compared in Table 2-4. which is compliant with IEEE 802.
It also provides a swappable GE optical interface with a GigaBit interface converter (GBIC). EMF8. Provides 2 x 1000Base-LX/SX multimode/single-mode optical interface (adopt the hot swappable GBIC optical module). It does not need an assistant interface board and can be used directly. Gigabit Ethernet VC4/VC-3 Transparent Transmission Process Board (EGT2) The EGT2 board accesses 2 channels of Gigabit Ethernet services. It supports the transparent transmission of the IP/IPX network layer protocols. 6. Each EGT board has a RMON module that can provide the statistics. 100 Mbit/s Ethernet Interface Board (EMT8. report.3. It provides multi-mode optical interfaces . Each interface can configure 1–8 VC-4s or 1–24 VC-3 with the smallest granularity of one VC-3 in maximum.Functionality The LAPS parameter setting is supported. It supports the IEEE 802. It realizes the point-to-point transparent transmission of Gigabit Ethernet service by adopting technologies like HDLC/LAPS/GFP-F encapsulation/decapsulation protocol and concatenation. It provides single-mode/multi-mode optical interfaces and supports the automatic shutdown function of the single-mode optical interface.25 Gbit/s. and alarm functions of the frame traffic. EMF4 supports the access of 4 x 100Base-FX Ethernet services. EMF8 and EMF4 boards are the Ethernet service interface board of the Ethernet interface unit. OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Each EGT board can serve maximally two independent user groups (IUGs). EMF8 supports the access of 8 x 100Base-FX Ethernet services. The optical interface of the EGT board adopts front access. It provides traffic control function on the Ethernet access side for the accessed Gigabit Ethernet service. 5. and EMF4) The EMT8. Support the point-to-point pure transparent transmission based on Gigabit 2-12 . The addition of the bandwidth of the two interfaces does not exceed 8 VC-4s. It supports port autosensing as well as port full-duplex and half-duplex. The maximum bandwidth is 1. and they have the following functions: EMT8 supports the access of 8 x 10/100BASE-T Ethernet services. The electrical characteristics of the Ethernet interfaces of the EGT board comply with IEEE 802.3X-compliant flow control by setting such function at the port.
Support a maximum of 8 x VC-trunk. All the signals of the SDH optical interface unit are led out from the optical interface of the front panel installed in the circuit board. and STM-16 levels.2.707 VC-4 concatenation protocol. Support testing frame. realize the capacity adjustment in concatenated links. S-16.692 (in conformity with 2-13 . Encapsulate/Decapsulate the Ethernet data with standard HDLC/LAPS/GFP-F encapsulation/decapsulation protocol. L-16. and realize the capacity adjustment in concatenated links.Functionality Ethernet (GE) interfaces. Support 12 x VC-3 or 9 x VC-3 and 63 x VC-12 in maximum with capacity of 622 Mbit/s. STM-4. and meanwhile provide a timing source for the synchronous timing unit.3 SDH Interface Unit SDH interface units provided by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) include STM-16. Support the virtual concatenation at VC-3 or VC-12 level. STM-4 and STM-1 optical interfaces.783. Each port has a fixed corresponding VC-trunk.2. Support link pass through (LPT). Support the JUMBO frame with 9600 bytes in maximum. Support LCAS protocol. 100M Ethernet VC-3/VC-12 Transparent Transmission Board (EFT) Process 8 channels of fast Ethernet services. SDH interface units are engaged in the receiving and sending of the optical/electrical signals at the STM-1. pointer justification. Support G. They also have functions as defined in ITU-T Recommendation G. OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Encapsulate/Decapsulate the Ethernet data with standard HDLC/LAPS/GFP-F encapsulation/decapsulation protocol. 7. Support the isolation of data port. Realize the port-based Ethernet point-to-point transparent transmission. the concatenation at VC-4 and VC-3 level. STM-16 Synchronous Optical Interface Unit (S16) This unit provides optical interfaces defined in ITU-T I-16. It also provides optical interfaces that satisfy the wavelength requirement specified in ITU-T Recommendation G. that is. 1. 2.1. Support LCAS protocol.2. section overhead and higher-order path overhead processing. S-16.1 and L-16.
SD1. It supports the transmission of STM-4c.2. Table 2-5 Characteristics of STM -16 optical interface unit I-16 S16 S-16. the wavelength conversion unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can be saved.2 U-16.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM DWDM transmission requirements).1 S-16. L-4. It provides one STM-4 optical interface unit (SL4) and a dual STM-4 optical interface unit (SD4). Therefore.1 L-1.2 interface.2 SC/PC 3. and SQ1 board for the quad STM-1 optical interface unit.2 Ve-4.1 SL4 SD4 L-4.2 V-16.2 SC/PC 2.1 L-1. which can expand the repeater less transmission distance to 90 km. L-4. The interface characteristics of STM-4 optical interface unit are listed in Table 2-6. SD1) Interface characteristics of STM-1 optical interface unit are listed in Table 2-7. SL4) It provides four types of optical interfaces: ITU-T S-4.2 L-16.2 SC/PC 2-14 .2 L-16. Table 2-7 Characteristics of STM-1 optical interface unit Ie-1 SD1 I-1 S-1. The interface characteristics of STM-16 synchronous optical interface unit are shown in Table 2-5. S16 is a single STM-16 optical interface unit. It provides Le-16.1 L-4. in accessing the DWDM system. Table 2-6 Characteristics of STM-4 optical interface unit S-4.1.2 and Ve-4. SD1 board for the dual STM-1 optical interface unit. It supports the transmission of STM-4c. STM-4 Synchronous Optical Interface Unit (SD4. STM-1 Synchronous Optical Interface Unit (SQ1.1 Le-16. It can provide SL1 board for the single STM-1 optical interface unit.1.
SQE) SDE provides dual STM-1 electrical interface. When SQE works as the redundant board in the equipment protection. and the LPDR board should be configured as a drive to fulfill the protection. it is inserted in the IUP slot. and SQE provides 4 x STM-1 electrical interface.7 dB). 2-15 .703. SPQ4 can protect SQE as protection board. It provides 75 Ω unbalanced interface. SPQ4 supports 1:7 TPS function (E4 and STM-1 protected at the same time) SPQ4 implements the 1:N (N≤7) equipment protection through the protection function of the electrical interfaces. and SDE provides electrical interface through the coaxial connector on the front panel. SQE provides electrical interface through the coaxial connector on the LPSW board in the LTU slot in the back of the subrack. with the interface characteristics in compliance with ITU-T Recommendation G. 5.Functionality SQ1 SL1 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 4. The coaxial cables provided along with the equipment are used.703. SQE implements the 1:N (N≤7) equipment protection through the protection function of the electrical interfaces. E4/STM-1 Electrical Unit (SPQ4) SPQ4 provides 4 x E4/STM-1 electrical interface. it is inserted in the IUP slot. with maximum transmission distance reaching 70 m (the attenuation of the 155 Mbit/s signals on it is 12.7 dB). SPQ4 provides electrical interface through the coaxial connector on the LPSW board in the LTU slot. The coaxial cables provided along with the equipment are used. with the interface characteristics in compliance with ITU-T Recommendation G. and the LPDR board should be configured as a drive to fulfill the protection. with maximum transmission distance reaching 70 m (the attenuation of the 155 Mbit/s signals on it is 12. The working mode of SPQ4 can be set through software. with the default working mode being E4. When SQE works as the redundant board in the equipment protection. SPQ4 provides 75 Ω unbalanced interface. STM-1 Electrical Interface Unit (SDE. Each channel can be set separately.
1 L-1. or 24 E3s/T3s.4 PDH Interface Unit The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides the PDH interface unit. or the number of E3s/T3s is above 24. When the number of E1s or E1s/T1s added/dropped on the subrack is above 504.2 U-16. E3/T3.2 S-4. When it is used as the redundant unit for equipment protection. E3s/T3s.2. In addition to the network-level protection of the PDH service (T1.1 L-16. All these interface units can be inserted in the corresponding slots in LTU of the subrack according to the interface type. Each single subrack of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports the direct adding/dropping of a maximum of 504 E1s.1 L-4.1 L-4. such as E1/T1.2 V-16.2 Launched power monitoring Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Receiving power monitoring Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Automatic laser shutdown Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Bias current monitoring Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Not supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported Supported 2. STM-1/STM-4 optical interface is used for expansion to expand the redundant E1s. and E4s by concatenating the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). Table 2-8 Optical interface parameter check characteristics Optical interface type S-1.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 6. 2-16 . and E4 PDH electrical interfaces. E1). E1s/T1s.2 V-4. Optical Interface Physical Parameter Checking Functions The physical interface parameter checking functions that are supported by different types of optical interfaces are listed in Table 2-8.1 L-1. E1s/T1s.2 S-16. the PDH interface unit is accessed from the protection slot. which has diverse PDH interfaces.1 L-16. 1:N (N≤8) tributary board equipment protection can also be provided by the electrical interface protection function.
and PQM can be configured to have 63 E1 or T1 interfaces. When used as the redundant unit for equipment protection.703. and PQM) The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports E1 and T1 asynchronous mapping modes defined in ITU-T Recommendation G.703. PM1. PM1 and PQM provide 120 Ω balanced E1 interface and 100 Ω balanced T1 interface. PD1/PQ1 is inserted in protection slot IUP or IU1/P. PQ1 board enables the configuration of 63 E1 interfaces. When used as the redundant unit for equipment protection. 2-17 . Both PQ1 and PD1 provide 75 Ω unbalanced and 120 Ω balanced interfaces (different boards are used in different interfaces). Table 2-9 Protection characteristics of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) PDH tributary interface Interface rate T1 E1 E3/T3 E4 Interface types Unbalanced Balanced Tributary protection 1. Specific functions provided by E1 and T1 interface units are mentioned below: Two types of E1 interface units. PD1 board enables the configuration of 32 E1 interfaces. PM1 and PQM that have T1 and E1 compatible interfaces are provided. E1 Interface Unit (PD1.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Table 2-9 lists the protection characteristics of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) PDH interface. monitors the alarms as well as performance on a per path basis and communicates with the SCC unit. the single subrack enables the adding/dropping of a maximum of 504 E1s. configures. PQM is inserted in protection slot IUP or IU1/P. the single subrack enables the adding/dropping of a maximum of 504 E1s. It maps E1 or T1 signals into VC-12 in an asynchronous manner. It processes the VC-12 path overhead. are provided. In order to coordinate with E1 and T1 interface units of different specifications. PQ1. If all IU1–IU4 and IU9–IU12 slots are inserted with PQM. Electrical interfaces of E1/T1 interface unit are accessed through the interface board or protection interface board on LTU slot. PD1 and PQ1. If all IU1–IU4 and IU9–IU12 slots are inserted with PQ1. Table 11 lists the selection principle for interface boards or protection interface boards and the transmission distances for different interfaces. and the interface characteristics completely comply with the indices as per ITU-T Recommendation G. PM1 can be configured to have 32 E1 or T1. different types of interface boards or protection interface boards should be adopted.
The related electrical interfaces are connected with the transfer and switching board in the LTU slot in the subrack. E3/T3 Interface Unit (PL3) The PL3 board provides the following functions: PL3 supports the G. If the attenuation range of the input E3/T3 signal exceeds 6 dB in actual practice. refer Figure 2-2 2.703-compliant asynchronous mapping from E3/T3 to VC-3. PL3 supports 1:8 TPS function. One single PL3 board can process 3 x E3/T3 simultaneously. The interface type of E3/T3 is 75 Ω unbalanced interface. the monitoring of alarm and performance.703.Functionality Table 2-10 75 Ω unbalanced and 100/120 Ω balanced interface board OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Interface type Interface board type (without equipment protection) 32 x E1 interface board 63 x E1 interface board 32 x E1 interface board 63 x E1 interface board E75S E75S E12S E12S Interface board type with equipment protection E75S E75S E12S E12S Transmission distance (cable associated with the equipment) Less than 300 m Less than 300 m Less than 180 m Less than 180 m 75 Ω unbalanced 100/120 Ω balanced Note: For the functions of E75S and E12S. and its characteristics comply with ITU-T Recommendation G. and is responsible for the configuration of each service channel. When used as redundant unit for equipment protection. The PL3 board can be inserted in the IU1–IU4 and IU9–IU12 slots. the transmission distance reaches 140 m maximally (the attenuation of the E3/T3 signal on the cable of the said length is 12 dB). it needs to 2-18 . PL3 processes the VC-3 channel overhead. or locate faults. and one single subrack can provide maximum 24 E3/T3 interfaces. If the coaxial cables that are provided with the equipment are used. PL3 can use the outloop and inloop functions to test the quality of the E3/T3 service. The E3/T3 working mode of the PL3 can be set through software. PL3 as protection board can be inserted in the IUP slot. and the communication with the SCC.
DTE slave and DTE external. supporting simultaneous access of 8 x Frame E1 signals. The SHDSL interface uses the RJ-11 connector to connect the copper twisted pair cables. Table 2-11 Description of E3/T3 electrical interface configuration Interface type Transfer board type Transmission distance (provided with the equipment) 0–70 m Attenuation value 0–6 dB 6–12 dB Configuration description Shut down the equalizer Activate the equalizer 75 Ω unbalanced C34B/C34S 70–140 m Note: For the functions of C34B and C34S. N x 64 kbit/s interface and SHDSL interface all support inloop/outloop for the convenience of fault locating.35. 2. The DM12 provides the access of multiple DDN services. CCS and CRC4.24. RS-449. For the cables of different lengths. X.21. The DM12 can simultaneously access the Frame E1. CAS. the “equalizer” is shut down.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM activate the input “equalizer” on the PL3 board. If it is less than 6 dB. The Frame E1 interface. RS-530 and RS-530A. N x 64 kbit/s supports the following six types of interfaces: V. N x 64 K and SHDSL services. 2 x N x 64kbit/s signals and 2 x SHDSL signals. and provides 75 Ω unbalanced interface and 120 Ω balanced interface. The DX1 board achieves 64 kbit/s cross connection and grooming of 8 x Frame E1 signals. 2-19 . the corresponding configurations are listed in Table 2-11. please refer to Table 2-2.5 DDN Interface Unit The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides DDN service access and processing through the DX1 processing board and DM12 interface board. supporting a single cable pair (2 cables) and double cable pairs (4 cables) with the maximum transmission distance of 3 km. DCE slave. The DDN interface unit supports E1 level 1+1 path protection. V. DTE internal.2. The DDN interface unit has the following functions: The DDN interface unit supports the Frame E1 format of the FAS. DCE external. 2 x N x 64 kbit/s signals and 2 x SHDSL signals of the access side and 48 x E1 signals of the cross-connect side. and the DX1 can provide 64 K service grooming on a cross-connect basis. The N x 64 kbit/s interface supports the following six clock working modes: DCE internal.
with maximum transmission rate at 19. the default setting being the non-feed mode. and four RS-422 interface signals. four RS-232 interface signals. It features flexible networking. 2 are concatenated. Table 2-12 Tone and data interface transfer boards Interface type tone interface RS-232 asynchronous interface RS-422 asynchronous interface Transfer board type NA B64 Transmission distance 4000 m 15 m 1000 m In addition to the above functions. Data interfaces RS-232 and RS-422 are asynchronous interfaces.2 kbit/s. TDA communicates with the host through the RS-232 serial port (marked “RS232-1”) through the F&f interface on the subrack to report performance and alarms. subrack slot-independent. Feed mode and non-feed mode are provided to the user equipment. each single station can add/drop up to 96 tone interface signals.1 and the F&f interface on the subrack. 2. 1.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The DDN interface unit provides a lot of alarm and performance events and supports reporting of service alarms and abnormal performance events. Each two 2-wire interfaces can be configured as a 4-wire interface. 32 RS-232 interface signals. the RS-232 interface marked “RS232-2” of TDA No. The type of the tone interface is the 600 Ω balanced interface.2. Function of TDA Each multi-interface tone and data access board can simultaneously process 12 2-wire tone dedicated line signals. and possible external clock reference. It provides 2-wire/4-wire audio interfaces as well as standard asynchronous RS-232 and RS-422 interfaces. the TDA board also provides the following 2-20 . If eight multi-interface tone and data access boards are concatenated. 1 and the RS-232 interface marked “RS232-1” of TDA No. Table 2-12 lists the interface transfer boards used by the tone and data interface units as well as the transmission distances. and mixed configuration of 4-wire and 2-wire interfaces is supported. and 32 RS-422 interface signals. When TDA concatenation is needed to add/drop service.6 Tone and Data Access Unit & RS-232/RS-422 Interface Unit The tone and data access unit (TDA) of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) series equipment is an external board. The two TDAs communicate with the SCC through the RS-232 interface marked “RS232-1” of TDA No.
Tx (transmit) and GND (ground). The input frequency of the tone signal ranges 300–3400 Hz. The transmission distance of the RS-232 signals is within 15 m. It communicates through the RS-232/RS-422 interfaces with the host and the NM of the Huawei transmission equipment. and do not support telephone calls. Features of TDA Tone interface One TDA has 12 tone signal interfaces. Data interface One TDA provides four RS-232 and four RS-422 asynchronous serial interfaces. with the interface specifications the same as those of the 2-wire tone interfaces. feed and non-feed. The tone transmission features are in compliance with relevant standards. Tx+ and Tx-. and the default setting is the non-feed mode. The transmission distance of RS-422 signals can reach 1000 m. it can stop communicating with the host and the NM after it saves the commands. The matching impedance of the tone interface is 600 Ω. and converts the level difference into logic level.2 kbit/s. The level of the RS-232 signals adopts negative logic. The tone interfaces of the TDA do not contain signaling. The feed mode is software controlled. As the TDA is used in the dedicated line mode. Any voltage within +3 to +15V indicates logic "0". All services are configured through the NM to set up semi-permanent connection. Each RS-422 channel uses two signal lines.2 kbit/s. It also reports the tributary alarms and performance events. tone point-to-multipoint unidirectional broadcasting mode. It provides software-activated inloop and outloop of the tributary path. The signals of the RS-422 interface include Rx+. 2. the tone interfaces can apply one of the two modes. and any voltage within –3 to –15 V indicates logic "1". and the transmission rate is less than 19. and data point-to-point bidirectional mode. and hook-off check information.Functionality functions: OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM It can trace and access the external timing signals or service clock as the reference timing source. The configurations can be saved. TDA services can be configured as tone point-to-point bidirectional dedicated line mode. ringing. with the specifications in compliance with relevant standards. Currently RS-232 is the most widely used standard serial interface. and receives the commands issued by the NM. It can also report the clock state periodically. and the transmission rate is less than 19. The RS-422 serial interface adopts the Electric Specifications Standard for Balanced Voltage Digital Interface and adopts the twisted pair lines in signal transmission. E1 75 Ω unbalanced interface 2-21 . That is. transmits the level difference signals to the receiver through the transmission lines. The RS-232 interface signals of the TDA are Rx (receive). Two 2-wire tone interfaces can be concatenated as a 4-wire interface. It converts logic level into level difference through the driver. one logic "1" and the other logic "0". Rx-.
The E1 signal format is HDB3 code. The SDH cross-connect unit enables the interworking and the exchanging of interface side services at VC-4. VC-3 and VC-12 services. 1. 2.7 SDH Cross-Connect Matrix Unit The cross-connect matrix of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can be the XCS or XCL board. and can realize the interconnection and exchange at the levels of VC-4. with 128 x 128 VC-4 level higher-order cross-connect matrix and 32 x 32 VC-12 level lower-order cross-connect matrix to provide grooming capability for VC-4. Direct Connection As illustrated in Figure 2-4. and the rate is 2.2. Meanwhile it has grooming capability for the VC-4. XCL has a 48 x 48 VC-4 higher-order matrix and a 1008 x 1008 VC-12 (48 x 48 VC-3) lower-order cross-connect matrix. The XCS board is used in the large-capacity NEs that have a line rate of STM-16.703. The XCL board is used in the small-capacity NEs that have a line rate of STM-4. and VC-12 on the interface side.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The interface is in compliance with the ITU-T Recommendation G.048 Mbit/s. VC-3. VC-3 and VC-12 levels as shown in Figure 2-3. 2-22 . VC-3. and VC-12 services. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides the following cross-connection methods. the line side service enters the cross-connect matrix from one side and is output in the same timeslot on the other side. 32 x VC-4 32 x 32 VC-4 Time-division crossconnect 96 x STM-1 access 128 x 128 VC-4 cross-connect 32 x 32 VC-12 Space-division crossconnect 32 x VC-4 32 x 32 VC-4 Time-division crossconnect SDH cross-connect matrix unit Figure 2-3 The cross-connect function of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) For the services at interface side that enter the cross network.
W E Line Line Tributary Figure 2-5 Add/Drop mode 3. The timeslots and the direction of the services added and dropped can be the same or different. and the service from the tributary is added into the line in the configured timeslots. Figure 2-6 (d) shows the broadcasting of line services within the internal timeslots. or add the tributary services to a number of line timeslots simultaneously. Broadcast OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can drop line services simultaneously to a number of tributary timeslots. the service from the line is dropped to the tributary in the specified timeslots.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM W E Line Line Figure 2-4 Direct connection mode 2. Add/Drop As illustrated in Figure 2-5. Figure 2-6 (b) shows that the tributary services are assigned to a number of tributary timeslots. The timeslots added and dropped to the tributary by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are random. ADM NE provides service access in this mode. Figure 2-6 (c) shows the broadcasting of line services to a number of line timeslots. as shown in Figure 2-6 (a). The above methods can be done at the same time. while all available timeslots can be distributed on the line. 2-23 .
W E Line Line Figure 2-7 Line loopback W E Line Line Tributary Figure 2-8 Tributary Loopback 2-24 . line loopback refers to the process that line services go in the cross-connect matrix and go out in the same line timeslots.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM ( a) Line-tributary ( b) Tributary-tributary ( c) Line-line ( d) Inter-TS in the line Figure 2-6 Broadcast mode 4. tributary loopback refers to the process that tributary services go in the cross-connect matrix and go out in the same tributary timeslots. As shown in Figure 2-8. As shown Figure 2-7. Loopback Loopback can be a line loopback or a tributary loopback.
All interfaces provided are G. Interface OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides two 2. service adding/dropping. service grooming and path selection.813.703-compliant. 1. It enhances network capability and network survival capability. In order to coordinate with the construction of the synchronization network. supporting the low-level network topology and tributary service testing. path selection and complex network topology as well. The cross-connection between line and tributary is used in equipment configuration. the inter-line cross-connection is used in protection switching.2. 2. The characteristic impedance of all these interfaces is 75 Ω. W E Line Line Tributary Figure 2-9 Service cross-connect 2. 120 Ω input or output is provided by cables with the impedance switching function. This greatly improves network reliability and simplifies the planning & design of the synchronous networks. Synchronous Status Message (SSM) Function The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) synchronous timing unit employs S1 byte for the SSM function with standard interface. The cross-connection between tributary and line is used in service grooming and testing.048 MHz or two 2. It is provided by the XCS and XCL boards.8 Synchronous Timing Unit The synchronous timing function of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is achieved by fully following the ITU-T recommendations G.Functionality 5. The external 2 Mbit/s synchronous interface of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is equipped with SSM function.048 Mbit/s input interfaces. which effectively provides automatic protection switching of the network clock and avoids the formation of a “timing loop”.783 and G. Cross-Connect OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM As illustrated in Figure 2-9. the synchronous output interface of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can output any line timing signal directly to provide upstream timing information for the network node clock. The 2 Mbit/s synchronous clock output interface also 2-25 .
the NE uses the frequency information saved just before the timing reference loss as its timing reference. which can be interconnected with external timing equipment or the equipment from other vendors as well. (3) Free-run mode: The NE works with the inherent frequency of its internal crystal oscillator. which is in compliance with relevant phase standard of Recommendation G. 2. facilitating the management of synchronous networks. All the functions are provided by SCC board. According to the ITU-T Recommendation G. NM can set the SSM thresholds of respective NEs of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). Working Mode The synchronous timing unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) has three working modes: (1) Tracking mode: It is the normal working mode.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM has SSM function. the following synchronous timing sources can be selected as reference: Two 2048 kHz or two 2048 kbit/s (with SSM) G. Rich in Timing Sources When the equipment is operating under the tracking mode. For the working principles of the SSM function. Furthermore.813.783. Functionality and Principle The system control & communication unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) enables the management of the synchronous equipment and communication function.9 SCC 1. There are altogether 51 clock input units.703-compliant external synchronous timing sources. Any of the output timing reference source from the12 interface units in the IU slots (each interface board can provide four timing sources).46 ppm.5 “Clock Synchronous Network Technology”.2. the main functions accomplished by the SCC board and its specific structure are as illustrated in Figure 2-10. 3. tributaries and from the two external timing sources. 2-26 . refer to section 2. The accuracy is not less than ±0. It provides the interface between the equipment and the network management system (NMS). 4. The NE can trace the timing sources from all lines. (2) Holdover mode: Upon the loss of timing reference.
the management Circuit boards Highspeed serial port and mailbox F interface Q interface Data communi cations network NM terminal Memory 2-27 . (1) Synchronous equipment management function (SEMF) SEMF is engaged in converting performance data and hardware alarm actually realized into object oriented messages. the SEMF functional block has provided several internal filters. In addition. there is an enormous amount of original data received from the various functional blocks. Ethernet interface CPU Sn DCC interface N Interface board SOH Figure 2-11 Principle block diagram of the SCC board The two functional modules shown in the figures are explained below. The SEMF functional block exchanges management information with other functional blocks through the reference point “Sn”. For this purpose. which may lead to overload if it is sent directly to the network management system without filtering. for transmission in DCC or Qx interfaces.Functionality S17 S16 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM S14 S13 S12 S11 S10 S9 S8 S7 S6 S5 S4 S3 S2 S1 S18 S19 SEMF S15 V F interface MCF P D4~D12 ( DCCm ) N D1~D3 (DCC R ) Q interface Figure 2-10 Functional block diagram of SCC board The principle block diagram of the SCC board is as shown in Figure 2-11. so that the filtered data are sent to the proxy through the management target. SEMF also converts the objective-oriented messages related to other management functions. for transferring through reference point “Sn”. Normally. Simultaneously. or transmission in both the DCC and Qx interfaces.
The CM provides MCF as described in ITU-T Recommendation G.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM targets also send other management information to the proxy or receive the management control information from the proxy. alarm management. and between NEs. The proxy output and input information is sent to the message communication function (MCF) unit through the “V” reference point.783. In Figure 2-11. and expresses information in a uniform way. switching control by the mailboxes of respective boards. performance & alarm data collection. SCC Software Function The SCC software. In the meantime. and the DCC bytes exported from the MCF of reference point “N” are placed at D1–D3 byte positions within RSOH. maintenance and management of the SDH NEs and the SDH network. and accomplishes the communication between the synchronous equipment and the NMS. and the function of transferring OAM&P messages between the transmission network management system and the NE. which are continuously positioned in D4–D12 bytes in MSOH to enable the communication function with the maintenance & management messages of the MST function. the SCC board communicates with respective NEs through the DCC path to manage the entire network and it provides standard Q and F interfaces to accomplish the communication function between equipment and the NMS. the proxy converts the information into common management information protocol service unit (CMISE) messages and responds to the CMISE messages sent from the manager. including configuration management. Management targets support transaction and memory. accomplishing synchronous equipment management function (SEMF).783. the MCF also provides F and Q interfaces to connect with the NMS. accomplishes the realtime monitoring. On the other hand. 2-28 . The messages are exchanged with SEMF through the “V” reference point. The AM employs the SDH management information model as described in ITU-T Recommendation G. 2. (2) Message communication function (MCF) MCF is engaged in the communication of various messages. In Figure 2-11. SCC board software process is as shown in Figure 2-12. as described in ITU-T Recommendation G. realizing information exchange with respective boards and synchronous equipment management function. the CPU accomplishes the board configuration. performance management and user management.774 series. with the NM and the SCC board as hardware. The MCF provides nine data communication channels through “P” reference point. and serves as a single 192kbit/s message oriented path to provide the function of maintenance & management message communication between RST functional blocks. It consists of communication module (CM) and administration module (AM).
10 Overhead Processing Unit The overhead processing unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) implements extraction & processing of overhead bytes and the provision of orderwire functions. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is compatible and interworks with the OptiX 155/622 and the OptiX Metro 3100 through the F2 interface with the said byte. one 64k bit/s equidirectional data interface (F1 interface) that is in conformity with ITU-T Recommendation G. user path byte F1 and the four unused bytes. Serial 2 interface uses X2 byte. 2-29 . Serial 4 interface uses X4 byte. The overhead processing and orderwire part of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides three ordinary two-wire telephones.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM NM Other NE F Ethernet OAM ECC Communication service Command explanation and feedback processing Operation system Performance management Configuration management Alarm management User management Initialization Command issuing and response receiving Board software Figure 2-12 SCC board software process 2.2. inserting. The overhead processing and orderwire functions are mainly used for the retrieving. switching and processing of orderwire byte E1 and E2. Serial 3 uses X3 byte or F2 byte in the higher-order channel (through software setup). Serial 1 interface uses X1 byte. The SCC board provides these functions.703 and four serial ports (Serial 1–Serial 4 may be used as either RS-422 interface or RS-232 interface).
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). Functions supported by serial data ports are as follows: Point-to-point data transmission Point-to-multipoint data transmission Data transparent transmission mode with a maximum rate of 19.703-compliant 64 kbit/s equidirectional data interfaces and RS-232 & RS-422 interfaces) can be interconnected with the OptiX equipment at other data rates through overhead processing (for example.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The positions of X1. OptiX 155/622H(Metro1000) and OptiX BWS 320G).2 kbit/s 2-30 . X3/F2 and X4 in the frame structure are as shown in Figure 2-13. Different access modes are provided. OptiX 155/622(Metro2050). A1 B1 D1 AU-PTR B2 D4 D7 D10 S1 A1 A1 A2 E1 D2 A2 A2 J0 F1 D3 X1 X2 B2 X4 B2 K1 D5 D8 D11 M1 K2 D6 D9 D12 E2 X3 Figure 2-13 Undefined section overhead bytes corresponding the serial port of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) The functions provided by orderwire telephone are as follows: Support dual-tone dialing Provide site selection call Conference call Subnetwork interconnection function: Provide the interconnection between the orderwire telephones of two adjacent subnetworks without optical fiber connection. The orderwire telephones for equipment operations & maintenance and data terminal equipment (with the G. X2.
Report the power failure alarm of the PBU board and monitor the power output voltage. It also enables the outlets of maintenance interfaces. which features the following functions: Provide backup power supply for the board with power module failure.12 Power Backup Unit It is to provide backup power supply for the board with power module failure through the PBU board.11 Auxiliary Interface Unit The auxiliary interface unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) enables voltage monitoring. one Ethernet interface. Alarm output: Two sets of alarm outputs are offered. Driving of subrack alarm indicator: The driving interface for subrack alarm indicators is provided. with which under-voltage and over-voltage of the two –48 V/–60 V power supply voltages can be monitored. and two intra-equipment alarm output interfaces. and the driving signals of alarm indicators sent from other subracks may also be accessed. temperature monitoring.25 interface. either in TTL level mode or in relay Open/Close mode. one X.5 degree centigrade. six external alarm input interfaces.2.2. whose specific functions are as mentioned below: Voltage monitoring: The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) employs the power supply in two protection modes. Alarm access: Alarm input from six external systems can be connected. The PBU board is hot swappable. 2. alarm access and alarm outputting functions. two external clock input/output interfaces. 2-31 . The following external maintenance interfaces are provided: Three orderwire telephone interfaces. four RS232/RS422 serial interfaces. Temperature monitoring: The temperature within the cabinets of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is monitored. The alarm signals are sent by the opening/closing of a relay. The monitoring precision is about 0. one F1 codirectional data interface.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2. one for normal alarms and the other for high-level alarms.
When a fault occurs to the working module.1 Protection of Processing Boards OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides TPS protections for processing boards are shown in Figure 2-15.3.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2. This active/standby mode can be either 1+1 hot standby or 1:N protection. SDH cross-connect matrix and synchronous timing unit Abnormality-specific service protection mode 2. 2-32 .3 Equipment-Level Protection The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides the redundancy standby protection to key functional blocks. the system will automatically switch the services preset to be protected to the standby module. Figure 2-14 shows the two modes: Active Standby Active Active Active Standby 1+1 active/standby protection 1:N protection Figure 2-14 1+1 and 1:N protection The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports the equipment-level service protection for the following functional modules: PDH processing board SDH processing board.
One of the following protections is implemented: 1:N (N[8) protection of one set of E1/T1 1:N (N[8) protection of one set of E3/T3 1:N (N[7) protection of one set of E4/STM-1 electrical interfaces Simultaneously 1:N protection of one set of E1/T1 and 1:M protection of one set of STM-1 electrical interface. and STM-1 electrical interfaces. and the cross-connect matrix setup and clock configuration are the same as the active unit.2 SDH Cross-Connect Matrix and Synchronous Timing Unit Both of the SDH cross-connect matrix and the synchronous timing unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are provided by the XCS and XCL boards. SPQ4 and SQE boards is supported. N + M [ 6 2. When the active SDH cross-connect matrix and the synchronous timing unit are in normal working. The XCS and XCL boards employ 1+1 hot standby to protect the cross-connect unit and the timing unit simultaneously. the standby SDH cross-connect matrix and the synchronous timing unit are in the standby working mode with the service cross-connection function inactivated. When the standby units receive the information PDH interface board Service signals and power provided by protection processing boards PDH processing board …… PDH processing board IU2 IUP 2-33 . T3. that is. PQM. E3. PM1.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM switching bridge board PDH interface board PDH processing board IU1 Figure 2-15 TPS protection mode of PDH processing board With the electrical interface protection function OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports 1:N interface protection of T1. PQ1. PL3. E4. The standby unit does not provide timing reference to the system. the electrical interface protection of the PD1. DX1.3. E1.
the board is powered by the PBU.4 Abnormality-Specific Service Protection 1. 2. it adopts separate power supply. When the ambient temperature detected is too high. In the case when the loading is interrupted. an alarm is generated to alert the maintenance personnel to check up the fans and clean them up. The power supply reliability is guaranteed. the BIOS will not start the unfinished software until it is successfully loaded. separate power supply and central power supply. When the secondary power module of a board is faulty. 2-34 . In this way. it ensures that the equipment is normally powered without any interruption. 4. this board will automatically reset the CPU. 2. the values can be recovered to normalcy. 2. the other enters into the working state.3 Power Unit The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can access two –48 V/–60 V DC working power supplies through the power box. In case of low voltage. When the system operates normally. when the voltage is too low. The software will provide a mirror protection on important memories that may affect the services. if necessary. setting themselves into the active working mode and sending out a switchover alarm. the power system will automatically cut off the active power so that the system is protected.3.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM indicating abnormal performance of the active units or a switching command is sent by the NM. In the case when one fails. the working boards are powered by the secondary power module of the boards themselves. they will immediately take over the job of the active units. In the case when the voltage is not stable resulting in memory value changes. Providing Over-Voltage and Under-Voltage Protection The power board is designed with a lightning protection mechanism to effectively reduce the damages that may possibly be caused by transient high-voltage (such as lightning). Power Failure in Software Loading Process Application programs and data have the check function. The software will re-initialize the chips. 3. that is. Providing Board Temperature Check Function Temperature detection circuit is provided on important boards that generate more heat.3. Providing Power Backup Function The working boards adopt a mixed way of power supply. In addition. The two power supplies are in mutual backup condition.
There are two kinds of protection modes: 1+1 protection mode and 1:N protection mode. The switching condition and switching time are similarly set as the two-fiber. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports the 1+1 and 1:N (1≤N≤14) protection modes in the point-to-point linear networking mode. and hence of little 2-35 . The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) fully supports the two-fiber. In 1:1 mode. the switching time is less than 50ms as specified in ITU-T recommendations. Under the 1+1 protection mode. subnetwork connection protection. Multiplex Section Protection Multiplex section protection ring is an ideal protection mode for modern large-capacity. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) completely supports the networking application of the two-fiber multiplex section shared protection rings. each working system is protected by an exclusive standby system. multiplex section protection ring.4. The protection switching time is less than 50ms. it needs the complicated APS protocol to support it. 2. unidirectional. the bearing of additional services on protection system is supported. In the case of fiber cut at one or more points. N systems share one protection system.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2. the service protection can be activated. 1. and the path protection (PP). high-security transmission networks. In all the application modes. multiplex section switching ring. 2. However. Low-level extra services can be carried on the protection timeslot. circuit board failure or site failure. Multiplex section ring is able to transmit low-level extra service on protection timeslots. including path protection.1 SDH Trail Protection The trail protection in the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can occur at the section layer or the path layer so as to enable the linear multiplex section (MS) protection (MSP). For the latter protection mode when the systems run smoothly the protection system can be used to transmit extra services in order to achieve higher efficiency than offered by a 1+1 protection mode system. the multiplex section protection ring. Under the 1:N protection mode. the two-fiber unidirectional multiplex section protection ring is not advantageous to the two-fiber unidirectional channel switching ring and the two-fiber bidirectional multiplex section shared protection ring.4 Network-Level Protection The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) has a powerful network self-healing protection capability. However. It can provide multiple service protection modes in the SDH layer. bidirectional. in terms of ring capacity and switching speed. which increases the utilization efficiency of the optical fiber resources and enhances the flexibility in allocating services on the network. SDH ring interworking service protection and shared optical fiber virtual path protection. Chain Multiplex Section Protection Line multiplex section protection is mainly used in linear networking mode.
4. This working mode enhances the reliability of the system significantly. internetwork service protection can be enabled. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can also support the working mode of the two independent two-fiber MS switching rings. This protection mode ensures route consistency for bidirectional services. For the two ring networks in the dual node Interconnection (DNI) mode. It also provides the ring switching as well as span switching functions. and video.2 SNCP In the case of very complicated networks. OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Based on a dual-system design. The support of OptiX 2500+(Metro2050) to SNCP is in conformity with the requirements of ITU-T Recommendation G. two-fiber path protection ring in the ring network). but the difference is that the returned signals move in a reverse direction.841. It is applicable for various network topologies and it features a faster switching speed. SNCP is a protection of path layer and is used to protect the service between the two points in any complicated networks (for example.842 specifies the 2-36 . 2.Functionality usage in reality. Path Protection The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports both the two-fiber unidirectional path protection ring and the two-fiber bidirectional path protection ring and provides protection on a per path basis. The switchover time of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is better than the 50ms switching time as stipulated in the ITU-T recommendations.3 Service Protection of Interconnected Networks When there are more than one interworking routes between the ring networks. 3. TU-LOP) and the bit error status of the path signals. subnetwork connection protection (SNCP) is the only applicable service protection mode. which is bit error sensitive. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can meet the stipulated switching time of less than 50ms. The main advantage of path protection is this. 2. This is of great importance to the traffic such as signaling. The 1+1 mode of the two-fiber bidirectional path protection ring is basically similar to that of the unidirectional protection ring. In the four-fiber working mode. Added/dropped services can be increased by choosing protection for some or all of the paths (the capacity ranges from N STM-1s to 2N STM-1s for the STM-N path rings). or with the same ADM equipment used in a chain network. In this mode. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports the four-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection ring. With no protection rings. The quality of the path signals is evaluated by the path alarm signals (for example TU-AIS. which is rather important for delay sensitive services (such as video services). ITU-T Recommendation G. The shorter switching time is attributable to the optimization of the system hardware and software for the path protection. the paths can be re-used.4. data. This increases the total added/dropped services. Even in the presence of multiple service switchovers. one broken fiber will result in the switching of one two-fiber bidirectional MS switching ring without affecting the working of the other ring.
The other part can be used for the virtual optical path. With the introduction of logical subsystem. It is implemented by detecting the signal quality in the receive-end and adopts the “dual fed signal selection” mode. the ATM service is transferred to the shared ring network mode to enhance the bandwidth utilization. This results in a valuable saving on the optical fibers and optical boards. ADM ADM STM-1Channel protection ring ADM STM-4 Multiplex section protection ring ADM ADM Figure 2-16 Application of virtual optical fiber shared path protection 2. Thus.4 Virtual Optical Fiber Protection Ring The virtual ring is enabled through the sharing of the optical path. one physical optical fiber can be divided into a number of logical fibers by using the proprietary shared optical fiber virtual path protection technology.5 ATM Layer Service Protection To improve the transmission efficiency in the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). one ring can share the optical fiber of the other ring at the intersected part. the ATM ring network protection (based on the VP-Ring complying with ITU-T Recommendation I.4.4. one optical fiber can support multiple protection modes or the combinations of them. VC-3 or VC-4 to implement any classified service protection and protection for complicated networks.630) can be provided for the ATM services to enhance the network security.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM modes of protecting the inter-network services (SNCP and MSP). At the same time. The support of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) to the DNI mode fully conforms to ITU-T Recommendation G.842. 2. Currently. as shown in Figure 2-16. and adopts working and protection paths similar to the SDH path protection mechanism. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides the VC/VP/VPG 1+1 linear protection. When two rings intersect. 2-37 . The protection levels can be set at VC12.
The application of the STP makes it possible to have a backup connection in a time when there is a network fault or a change of the topology. and its functions are as follows: STP eliminates the network loop due to mistakes or unexpected events to avoid the otherwise network multicast storm. When there is a fault. Concerning complicated network. the transmission tree for the transmission of Ethernet service will be recreated with the application of each Ethernet port and recalculation of the topology.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2. making a “tree” delivery of the Ethernet service.6 STP Protection of Ethernet Service STP is part of the Spanning Tree Bridge Protocol (IEEE 802. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) realizes the execution of the STP at each Ethernet port in a transmission network-wide context. the longer execution time (compared with the SDH protection) of the STP will affect the Ethernet service. With the ET1 board.1d).4. For this reason the STP protection of the Ethernet service is only supplementary to the SDH protection. diverging the impact on the Ethernet service from the network fault. 2-38 .
To accomplish the automatic protection switching function of the synchronous clock sources. there are a number of clock reference sources available for one NE. They may come from the same primary clock source or from the clock reference sources of different quality. Table 2-13 Coding of synchronous status information S1 (b5–b8) 0000 0001 0010 0011 0100 0101 0110 0111 1000 1001 1010 1011 1100 1101 Quality grade of SDH synchronization Synchronization quality unknown (for existing synchronous networks) Reserved G. S1 byte defined by the ITU-T is used to transmit the clock source and the quality information. Table 2-13 shows the synchronous status message codes defined by the ITU-T recommendations.811 timing signal Reserved G. It uses the higher four bits (b5–b8) in S1 byte of the section overhead (SOH) to express 16 types of synchronous source quality information.5 Clock Synchronous Network Technology In a synchronous network.812 local exchange clock signal Reserved Reserved Synchronous equipment timing source (SETS) Reserved Reserved 2-39 .812 transit exchange clock signal Reserved Reserved Reserved G. the quality information of respective clock reference sources is needed. Usually. the automatic protection switching function for the synchronous clock can be fulfilled on the synchronous network. it is very importance to keep the clocks synchronous in all NEs. By utilizing this information and complying with a certain switching protocol.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2.
The following is an example of the execution process of the automatic protection switchover of the synchronous clocks. the timeslot (given by the BITS provider) where the S1 bytes of the external BITS clock are located needs to be set for NE1 and NE4. east timing source and built-in timing source West timing source. It sends the quality information (or S1 byte) of the synchronous source to the downstream NE.Functionality S1 (b5–b8) 1110 1111 Quality grade of SDH synchronization Reserved Not used for synchronization purpose OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM In the SDH optical transmission system. Table 2-14 Configuration of NE synchronous sources and clock source levels NE NE1 NE2 NE3 NE4 NE5 Synchronous source External clock source West timing source West timing source West timing source East clock source Priority External timing source. an NE first selects a clock source at the highest level of S1 byte as the synchronous source. west timing source. In addition. the automatic protection switching of the timing is based on the following protocols: Among the currently available clock sources.812 for the quality of the local timing reference source. east timing source and built-in timing source West timing source. west timing source and built-in timing source 2-40 . east timing source. external timing source and built-in timing source East timing source. On the transmission network shown in Figure 2-17. the system will select the clock source of the higher priority level (as per the priority order in the priority level table) as the synchronous source. which are in mutual backup. It then transmits the quality information of this synchronous source to the downstream NE If NE B (at site B) currently traces the clock synchronous source of NE A. When the S1 byte information contained in multiple clock sources in the NE is the same. the clock of NE B is an unusable synchronous source for NE A. The synchronous sources of each NE and their priorities are shown in Table 2-14. east timing source and built-in timing source West timing source. the BITS clock signals are introduced to both NE1 and NE4 through the external timing interfaces. Start the S1 bytes and set the timing source protection. These two external BITS clocks. satisfy the requirements in ITU-T Recommendation G.
the synchronous clock automatic protection switchover will occur. Obviously. NE3 can only use its own built-in timing source instead of the east timing source as reference. 2-41 . if the optical fibers between NE2 and NE3 are broken. the timing source quality message that NE4 sends to NE3 is "Timing Source Unusable". and the synchronous source is not of high quality. As per the above switching protocol. east timing source. After receiving the information.Functionality NE NE6 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Synchronous source East clock source Priority East timing source. When the synchronous source that NE4 tracks is switched from the west to the east. the clock tracking in the entire transmission network will be as shown in Figure 2-18. only the east timing source and external BITS timing source meet the quality requirement here. NE3 will transmit this message to NE4 through the S1 byte. In such a case. the east clock source has the highest quality. the most significant four bits of the S1 byte are 1011. As a result. As the east timing source configured in NE4 has a higher priority than the external BITS timing source. So. NE3 chooses the east clock source as the local synchronous source. meaning "synchronous equipment timing source" (SETS). the most significant four bits of the S1 byte are 1111. the east timing source of NE3 becomes usable. for which the higher four bits of the S1 byte are “1000”). Among all the clock sources for NE3. the clocks of the entire transmission network are synchronized with the external BITS clock reference source of NE1 as shown in Figure 2-17. There are four clock sources available for NE4: west timing source. NE4 should select the clock reference source that satisfies the quality requirement.812 local office clock”. When detecting the loss of the west synchronous timing source. BITS E W E NE1 NE6 W W E NE2 E BITS NE5 W W NE3 E W NE4 E Figure 2-17 Clock tracking in normal state During normal operation. west timing source and built-in timing source Normally. since NE4 is tracking the clock of NE3. that is. NE4 eventually selects the east timing source as its own synchronous source. that is. NE4 will find that the quality of the tracked synchronous source has deteriorated (the original quality is the “G. external BITS timing source and built-in timing source.
Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM BITS E W E NE1 NE6 W W E NE2 E BITS NE5 W NE3 E W NE4 E Figure 2-18 Clock tracking in case of optical fiber breakage between NE2 and NE3 If the external BITS clock of NE1 fails. in normal working. In the light of the switching protocol. each NE will select the one with the highest priority from the usable timing sources as its synchronous source. we can see that the final clock tracking of the transmission network will be as shown in Figure 2-19. then according to the switchover protocol and by the method of the above analysis. though the entire network is still synchronous with a reference timing source. 2-42 . it is easy to see that the clock of each NE on the network is still synchronized with the clock of NE4. Through the analysis. as shown in Figure 2-20. external BITS clocks of NE1 and NE4 fail. Assume that each NE on the network is synchronous with the clock of NE4 before the failure of both the BITS. E NE1 W E NE6 W W E NE2 E BITS NE5 W W NE3 E W NE4 E Figure 2-19 Clock tracking in case of External BITS failure of NE1 Suppose that.812 recommendation for local to synchronous equipment timing source (SETS). But the synchronous timing of the entire transmission network declines in quality from the original recommended in ITU-T G.
2-43 .Functionality E NE1 W E NE6 W OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM W NE2 E NE3 W E W Internal clock NE4 E NE5 E W Figure 2-20 Clock tracking in case both the external BITSs fail The automatic protection switchover of synchronous clocks has greatly enhanced the reliability of the synchronous network.
the in-service upgrade of unit functions has the following features: (1) Supports the software in-service loading. After the correctness is confirmed.Functionality OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 2. The SCC board also enables manual switching between the two sets of software. (3) The SCC board can be configured with two sets of SCC software to support the loading of new software without affecting the current software running.6 In-Service Upgrade of Unit Functions In-service upgrading is available for board software (including CPU executable program and hardware loadable files) and the SCC software. In the process of switching. (4) The inversion of software upgrading is also supported so that the software can be recovered to the original state after the upgrading fails. (2) Supports the software error prevention loading. remote loading and loading progress indication. the new software will replace the old software. and version matching check. breaking point continuous transmission. 2-44 . performance management and configuration management (3) The update and revision of ITU-T recommendations about information model (4) The setting and modification of intermediate system ECC route table For the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). in order to support: (1) The upgrade of future OSI communication protocol (2) The in-service upgrade of the functional modules of alarm management. the set configuration information will not be damaged and the services of NE equipment will not be interrupted.
and the maximum access capacity is 96 x STM-1. featuring easy replacement and changeability. The access capacity of the processing boards in the IU slots is listed in the Table 3-1. the equipment can be configured as TM or ADM single-system or a system of combination at the STM-1. As far as the transmission service is concerned. 3-1 .OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 3 Configuration and Networking The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) adopts the hierarchical compatibility design. This enables the smooth evolution from the low-level network to the high-level network. This enables a smooth evolution from the narrowband service transmission network to a broadband service transmission network. STM-4 and STM-16 level.1. The processing capacity of the SDH cross-connect matrix unit in the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is 128 x 128 VC-4. the equipment is capable of offering the access and transmission for PDH services (when configured as PDH interface unit). In the same subrack.1 Configuration 3.1 Access Capability The access capability of a single OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) system is determined jointly by the capacity of the SDH cross-connect matrix unit as well as the capacity of the processing boards in the IU slots. and for ATM/Ethernet services (when configured as broadband service interface units). 3.
and BA2 do not occupy the capacity of the bus.Configuration and Networking Table 3-1 Access capacity occupied by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) interface boards OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Board S16 SD4 SL4 SD1 SQ1 SL1 SQE SDE SPQ4 DX1 BA2/BPA PD1 PQ1 PM1 PQM PL3 AL1 ET1 EMS1 EFS0 EGT EFT EGT2 Description STM-16 optical interface board Dual STM-4 optical interface unit STM-4 optical interface board Dual STM-1 optical interface board Quad-STM-1 optical interface board STM-1 optical interface board 4 x STM-1 electrical interface board 2 x STM-1 electrical interface board 4 x E4&STM-1 electrical interface board DDN processing board Optical booster amplifier unit/optical booster & pre-amplifier unit 32 x E1 interfaces unit 63 x E1 interfaces board 32 x E1/T1 interfaces unit 63 x E1/T1 interfaces board 3 x E3/T3 interfaces unit 155M ATM process unit Ethernet transparent transmission board Fast Ethernet /Gigabit Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing board Fast Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 switching processing board Gigabit Ethernet transparent transmission board Fast Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 transparent transmission board Gigabit Ethernet VC-12/VC-3 transparent transmission board Processing capability 16 x STM-1 8 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 2 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 1 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 2 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 48 x E1 1 x STM1 x STM1 x STM-1 1 x STM1 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 48 x E1 8 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 8 x STM-1 4 x STM-1 8 x STM-1 Note: TDA. COA. 3-2 . TDA and COA do not occupy slots. BPA.
Configuration and Networking
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
3.1.2 Configuration Mode
The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can be configured as terminal multiplexer (TM), add/drop multiplexer (ADM), regenerator (REG) and the combination of TM, ADM and REG. The configuration is done on the basis of equipment type and capacity, and with the consideration of the actual situation and needs. 1. Basic Principal for Board Slot Assignment The slot assignment on the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) follows these principles: As the number of total slots available is fixed, and every board may offer different access capacity and reside in different slot, board slots should be assigned in a flexible way, so as to maximize the utilization of slot resources.. The IU slots can hold processing boards for SDH, PDH, DDN and broadband service (AL1, ET1, EMS1, EFS0, EGT, EGT2 and EFT ). As slot IU1–4 and IU9–12 provide interfaces for slot LTU, the assignment priority goes to the PDH and broadband service processing board. When the EGT board is inserted in the IU4 slot, the IU3 slot cannot hold other boards (except the EDFA optical amplification board which occupies no access capacity) due to bus multiplexing. Similarly, when the EGT is plugged in the IU9 slot, the IU10 slot cannot hold other boards. Since SDE board does not need interface board for service output, it can be inserted in any IU slot. Besides S16 board, slots IU4–9 are also be assignable for the EGT board. Due to the width of the front panel of the BA2 and BPA boards, they can only be inserted in even-numbered slots. When offering TPS protection for E1/T1, the protection board can be inserted in slot IU1 and IUP. But when offering TPS protection for E3/T3 and E4/STM-1 (electrical interface) processing board, only slot IUP can the protection board be inserted in. Each OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack supports the adding/dropping of maximum 504 x E1/T1s or 24 x E3/T3s. If the service access capacity is near or above these limits, concatenation of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) systems or extended subrack may be considered For key nodes or service hubs, we recommend to apply hot standby protection to the important boards (for example, XCS/XCL and PD1/PQ1/PM1/PQM/SQE) 2. Cabinet Configuration Principles Table 3-2 lists the cabinets to be configured of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). The 2000 mm cabinet supports one OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack, and the 2200 mm and 2600
Configuration and Networking
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
mm cabinets support two OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subracks respectively.
Table 3-2 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) configuration resources
OptiX optical synchronous transmission equipment
Primary subrack Extended subrack
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) single subrack OptiX 155/622(Metro2050) or OptiX 2500+(Metro3000)
Table 3-3 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) cabinet and components
OptiX cabinet and components
ETSI cabinet (including alarm, power, and ring current units) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) standard subrack Extended subrack
2000 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm (depth) 2200 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm (depth) 2600 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm (depth) 668 mm (height) x 530 mm (width) x 542 mm (depth) 500 mm (height) x 530 mm (width) x 264 mm (depth) -OptiX 155/622(Metro2050) 668 mm (height) x 530 mm (width) x 542 mm (depth) -OptiX 2500+(Metro3000)
Fan box (indispensable)
74 mm (height) x 530 mm (width) x 282 mm (depth)
3. Typical Board Configurations The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) adopts MADM/MSTP architecture design to incorporate multiple systems, allowing you to enable the functions of several equipment on single subrack. In addition to single TM, ADM and REG configuration at STM-1, STM-4, and STM-16 level, the equipment can also be configured into a hybrid system at the STM-1, STM-1, STM-4 and STM-16 level. In the following description about various configurations, GIU stands for line interface board and IU for tributary interface board.
(1) Configuration of TM
STM-4/STM-16 single TM system configuration is shown in Figure 3-1.
Configuration and Networking
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
I U I I I I G 1 U U U U I / 2 3 4 5 U P
X C S
X C S
I I I I I U U U U U 1 1 7 8 9 0 1
I S I U C U 1 C P 2
Figure 3-1 STM-4/STM-16 single TM system configuration
Configuration description: To configure into an STM-16 TM system, the GIU slot houses S16 board, and the XCS slot houses the XCS board. To configure into an STM-4 TM system, the GIU slot houses the SD4 board, or the IU1–12 slot houses the SL4 board. The XCS slot houses the XCS/XCL board. The IU slot can house PDH interface board (for example, PQ1, PD1, PL3, PM1, and PQM), and SDH board (for example, SL1, SD1, SDE, SQ1, SD4, SL4, and SQE) to access low-speed PDH/SDH service. The IU slot can also house AL1 and ET1 optionally to access ATM and Ethernet services. The IU slot is also assignable for DX1 to offer interface for DDN service. When the received traffic exceeds the add/drop capacity of the single subrack, you can use the IU slot to house SDH boards (for example, SD1, SQ1, SD4, SL4, SDE, SQE, and SPQ4) to concatenate the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) or adopt an extended subrack to enlarge the access capacity. The IUP slot can house PQ1, PD1, PM1, PQM, PL3, SQE, DX1 and SPQ4 to implement 1:N protection scheme of the electrical interface boards. The IU1/P slots can house PQ1, PD1, PM1, DX1 and PQM to implement 1:N protection scheme of the electrical board. Single OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack can access 504 x E1/T1 service or 24 x E3/T3 services. Single extended subrack can support the access of 504 x E1/T1 service or 24 x E3/T3 services at most. The cross-connect slot can house the XCS and XCL board, providing cross-connect and timing functions. Backup XCS is optionally used to provide hot backup for key circuit boards.
(2) Configuration of ADM (dual TM)
The configuration of single ADM system at the STM-4/STM-16 level is shown in Figure 3-2.
Configuration and Networking
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
I U I I I G G 1 U U U I I / 2 3 4 U U P
X C S
X C S
I I I I I U U U U U 1 1 7 8 9 0 1
I S I U C U 1 C P 2
Figure 3-2 Configuration of STM-4/STM-16 single ADM (dual TM) system
Configuration description: To configure an STM-16 ADM system, the GIU slot houses S16 board, and the XCS slot houses the XCS board. To configure an STM-4 ADM system, the GIU slot houses SD4 board, or the IU1–12 houses the SL4 board. The XCS slot houses the XCS/XCL board. The IU slots can house optionally PDH interface boards (for example, PQ1, PD1, PL3, PM1, and PQM), and SDH boards (for example, SL1, SD1, SDE, SQ1, SD4, SL4, and SQE) to access low-speed PDH/SDH service. The IU slots can also house AL1 and ET1 optionally to access ATM and Ethernet services. Additionally, the IU slot is also assignable to DX1 board to offer access for DDN interface. When the received traffic exceeds the add/drop capacity of the single subrack, you can assign the IU slot to SDH boards (for example, SD1, SQ1, SD4, SL4, SDE, SQE, and SPQ4) to concatenate the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) or adopt an extended subrack to enlarge the access capacity. The IUP slot houses PQ1, PD1, PM1, PQM, PL3, SQE, or SPQ4 to implement 1:N protection scheme of the electrical interface boards. The IU1/P slots house PQ1, PD1, PM1, DX1 or PQM to implement 1:N protection scheme of the electrical board. Single OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack can access 504 x E1/T1 service or 24 x E3/T3 service. Single extended subrack can offer access for 504 x E1/T1 service or 24 x E3/T3 service at most. The system can implement 1+1, 1:1 protection scheme when configured as a dual ADM system. The cross-connect slot can house the XCS or XCL board, providing cross-connect and timing functions. Backup XCS is optional, and used for hot backup for key circuit boards.
(3) Extended subrack configuration
(a) Using the OptiX 155/622(Metro2050) subrack as extended subrack
you can adopt STG board. you can adopt GTC board. PD1. Tributary unit TU can hold a mixture of various tributary boards in any of the tributary slot 1–8. The standby GTC is optional. PL3 and PL4 optionally. with total board number not exceeding 2. SL2. To provide cross-connect functions. the line unit of LU1–4 can be assigned to SL4 (top priority). (b) Adopting the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack as extended subrack The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) extended subrack system configuration is shown in Figure 3-4. T T T T T T T T G G L L L L S S S O U U U U U U U U T T U U U U T T C H 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 C C 1 2 3 4 G G C P FAN Figure 3-3 The configuration of extended subrack system (OptiX 155/622(Metro2050)) Configuration description: Extension subrack is used only to add/drop services. and is used for the hot standby of the cross-connect board. and is not allowed to be used for long distance transmission. SL1 or SE2.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The configuration of OptiX 155/622(Metro2050) extended subrack system is shown in Figure 3-3. I U I I I I G 1 U U U U I / 2 3 4 5 U P X C E X C E I I I I I U U U U U 1 1 7 8 9 0 1 I S I U C U 1 C P 2 FAN Figure 3-4 Extended subrack system configuration (the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000)) Configuration description: 3-7 . To provide timing function. Depending on the volume of the traffic to be added/dropped through the subrack. Tributary unit TU can house board TDA.
PQM. SD1. I G G G I U I I I I U 1 U U U U 4 / 2 7 1 2 P X C S X C S G I U 3 G I G I I U I U U 1 U 9 4 0 5 G S I I C U U C P 6 FAN Figure 3-5 Typical STM-1. STM-4. DX1 or SPQ4 to implement 1:N protection scheme of electrical interface boards. Single extended subrack can offer access for 504 x E1/T1 service or 24 x E3/T3 service at most. Additionally. PM1. Additionally. and STM-16 Typical STM-1. PM1. STM-4 and STM-16 TM hybrid system in one single subrack. DX1 or PQM to implement 1:N protection scheme of electrical interface boards. PL3. and STM-16 hybrid configuration is shown in Figure 3-5. It is also assignable to AL1 and ET1 boards to provide access for ATM/IP services. SQ1. PD1. PQ1. The IUP slot houses the PQ1. STM-4. The GIU5 and GIU6 house SL4s to form system three: ADM at the STM-4 level. PD1. SL4. The GIU7 houses SL4 to form system four: TM at the STM-1 level. The IU slot can house the AL1 or ET1 board to access ATM/IP service. PQ1. (4) Hybrid configuration of STM-1. PM1. PL3. and PQM) and SDH interface boards (for example. the IU slot can also house the AL1 or ET1 board to access ATM and Ethernet services and DX1 board to access DDN service. SPQ4 and SQE) to access low-rate PDH/SDH service. and PQM) to access low-rate PDH service. PD1. The GIU1 and GIU2 house S16s to form system one: ADM at the STM-16 level. and the services can be groomed from one subsystem to another. The IU1/P slot houses the PQ1. SQE. SL1. SDE. STM-4 and STM-16 hybrid configuration Configuration description: Refer to the parts describing the configuration of TM and ADM systems for tributary slot assignment. SD4. PM1. PL3. Four subsystems can share several tributary boards. PD1.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The IU board slot houses PDH interface boards (for example. Figure 3-5 illustrates the typical implementation of an STM-1. The IU board slot houses PDH interface boards (for example. 3-8 . the IU slot is also assignable to the DX1 board to interface with DDN service. Backup XCS and XCL are optional. and are used for hot standby for the key boards. The GIU3 and GIU4 house S16s to form system two: ADM at the STM-16 level.
the configuration is as follows: Insert an appropriate PDH interface board into IUP slot as protection board. SQE. but for key nodes such as hub node. PM1. 4. SQE. DX1 or PQM to implement 1:N protection scheme of the electrical board. SQ1. Single OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack can offer access for 504 x E1/T1 service or 24 x E3/T3 service. DX1 or SPQ4 to implement 1:N protection scheme of the electrical interface boards.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM When the received traffic exceeds the add/drop capacity of the single subrack. The protection scheme of various boards is shown in Table 3-4. Assign the FB1 board in the FB1/LPTR slot at the back of the subrack. (1) When only the PDH interface boards (for example. and is used as hot backup for key circuit boards. and SPQ4) to concatenate the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) or adopt extended subrack to enlarge the access capacity. Backup XCS is optional. 3-9 . Single extended subrack can access 504 x E1/T1 service or 24 x E3/T3 service at most. The protected interface boards are inserted into slots IU1–4 and IU9–12 to implement a maximum 1:8 protection scheme. The IU1/P slot house PQ1. PM1. the electrical interface boards are protected to improve the survivability. Protection Configuration The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports 1+1 protection for the cross-connection and timing unit and 1:N protection for the electrical interface boards. you can use the IU slot to house SDH boards (for example. The cross-connect slot houses the XCS or XCL board to provide cross-connect and timing functions. The cross-connection and timing unit is located in XCS/XCL board. Meanwhile. the board slot assignment is as follows: Insert the appropriate STM-1 electrical interface board into the IUP slot as protection board. E1/T1/E3/T3) are protected. SL4. (2) When the protection is only available for STM-1 electrical interface board such as SQE. PD1. PD1. For important services. SDE. assign the switching and access boards (for example. SD1. two XCS/XCL boards should be adopted to implement 1+1 hot standby. The IUP slot houses PQ1. and C34S) in the LTU slot corresponding to the protected interface boards. Normally one of them is enough. E12S. PQM. PL3. E75S. SD4.
Meanwhile. Meanwhile. E75S and E12S) in the LTU slot corresponding to the protected interface boards. The protected STM-1 electrical interface board is inserted in slots IU1–4 or IU9–11 to implement 1:N protection scheme. assign the transfer board with switching function (for example. The protected PDH interface boards are inserted in slots IU1–4 and IU9–11 to implement a maximum 1:M (M + N [ 6) protection scheme. Assign the FB2 board at the back of the subrack. (3) When the above two protection schemes exist at the same time. The protection scheme of various boards is shown in Table 3-4. assign the LPSW board in the LTU slot corresponding to the protected interface boards. Insert appropriate interface board into IU1/P slot to protect the PDH electrical interface board (E1/T1). Assign the LPDR board in the FB1/LPTR slot at the back of the subrack.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The protected interface boards are inserted in slots IU1–4 or IU9–11 to implement 1:7 protection scheme. assign the LPSW board in the LTU slot corresponding to the protected interface boards. The protection scheme of various boards is shown in Table 3-4. 3-10 . the board slot assignment is as follows: Insert the appropriate interface boards in the IUP slot to protect the STM-1 electrical interface boards. Assign the LPDR board in the FB1/LPTR slot at the back of the subrack. Meanwhile.
and the COA board (external optical amplifier). it is necessary to use optical amplification board to amplify the optical power or to pre-amplify the receiving optical power. The one-channel optical amplification in the BA2 board works with one S16 board to realize V-16. 5. The blank grid indicates that the board in the row cannot protect the board the columns. 3-11 . One-channel optical amplification in the BA2 board works with one SL4 board with Ve-4. the BPA board (optical booster and pre-amplification integrated board). Configuration of Optical Amplification Board When the transmission distance of a single optical board is limited by the transmitting optical power or receiver sensitivity.Configuration and Networking Table 3-4 Protection scheme of various electrical interface boards OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Protected board Protection board SQE PD1 PQ1 PM1 PQM PL3 DX1 E4 SPQ4 STM-1 E3 T3 PL3 SQE √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ SPQ4 T3 DX1 E4 STM-1 √ PD1 PQ1 PM1 PQM E3 √ Note: The grid with tick (√) indicates that the board in the row can protect the board in the column.2 interface. The optical amplification board includes the BA2 board (single-channel or two-channel configurable amplifier). Two COA boards work with one S16 board to realize U-16. One BPA board works with one S16 board to realize U-16. and the COA does not use the slot of the subrack. Each BA2 or BPA board occupies 2 IU slots.2 interface. They work with the S16 or SL4 board to realize long-haul transmission.2 interface.2 interface to achieve up to 170 km transmission distance.
Since the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) incorporates PDH interface unit. a variety of complicated network architectures can be established in the actual applications. rich and flexible interface functions. one unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) may form up to six STM-16 chain networks. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) boasts very strong adaptability to complex networks is based on. DDN interface unit.2 Networking With its powerful cross-connect capacity. or a hub network combining multiple chain networks at the STM-16. 1. and Ethernet transparent transmission interface unit. STM-4. or STM-1 level.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 3. ATM and Ethernet services according to their features. For the convergence point in Figure 3-6. ATM interface unit. or 20 STM-4 chain networks. it can achieve effective access and transmission of the PDH.2.1 Basic Networking Modes of PDH Service For PDH service. Chain Network Based Hub Network Figure 3-6 is a hub network converging several chain networks at one point. The services between the chain networks can be dispatched as required. 3. and sophisticated and advanced software functions. chain and ring networks are the two basic networking architectures. on the basis of which. or 40 STM-1 chain networks. TM ADM MADM Figure 3-6 Chain network based hub network 3-12 .
Configuration and Networking 2. STM-4 and STM-16 in numerous flexible networking modes. two intersecting rings. This mode not only utilizes no tributary resources. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) achieves tangent rings in two modes: the first one is the traditional way where the rings intercommunicate through a tributary bridge connection between two or more ADMs. Ring Network OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) enables a variety of ring networks at the rate of STM-1. The traffic on the ring can be protected. dual-ring interconnection network. as shown in Figure 3-8. These networking modes include the common ring network. In this working mode. also enhances the reliability of the equipment significantly. the tangent rings can work at any rate and in any protection scheme. streamlines the equipment connection. and hub network with ring and chain networks. The second one is the hub mode where the tangent point is an OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) under the multi-system mode. the tangent rings can work at any rate and in any protection scheme. The possible combinations are shown in Table 3-6. two tangent rings. In this working mode. and the inter-ring traffic can also intercommunicate directly through the cross-connect matrix inside the equipment. ADM Figure 3-7 Tangent rings network (bridge mode) 3-13 . ring and chain hybrid network. boosts inter-ring communication. as shown in Figure 3-7. The possible combinations are shown in Table 3-5.
the inter-network traffic is protected. similar to the tangency structure as shown in Figure 3-11. The OptiX 2500+ (Metro3000) employs the subnetwork connection protection (SNCP) technology to activate this protection. The possible combination of working modes of Ring 1 and Ring 2 is the same as that in Table 3-6. 3-14 . which can be taken as tangent rings with two tangent points.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM ADM MADM Figure 3-8 Tangent rings network (hub mode) Table 3-5 Combination of protected schemes of all tangent rings under tributary bridge connection Ring 2 STM-1 SNCP/MSP STM-4 SNCP/MSP Ring 1 STM-1 SNCP/MSP STM-4 SNCP/MSP STM-16 SNCP/MSP STM-16 SNCP/MSP Table 3-6 Combination of protected schemes of all tangent rings under the hub mode Ring 2 STM-1 SNCP/MSP STM-4 SNCP/MSP Ring 1 STM-1 SNCP/MSP STM-4 SNCP/MSP STM-16 SNCP/MSP STM-16 SNCP/MSP Figure 3-9 shows the structure of two intersecting rings. As there are two intersecting points between Ring 1 and Ring 2 (Dual hub mode).
MSP. or other protection scheme. The possible protection schemes of hybrid configuration of ring and chain are listed in Table 3-7. Hybrid Network of Ring and Chain Figure 3-10 is a network structure that combines ring and chain networks. MADM ADM TM Figure 3-10 Integrated networking of an ordinary ring network and a chain network Table 3-7 Protection combinations for hybrid networking comprising ring network and chain network Chain STM-1 SNCP/MSP STM-4 SNCP/MSP STM-16 SNCP/MSP Ring STM-1 SNCP/MSP STM-4 SNCP/MSP STM-16 SNCP/MSP 3-15 .Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM ADM MADM Figure 3-9 Intersecting rings network 3. The ring can adopt SNCP.
The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) works in the mode of multiple ADMs to effect the application of the Hub points. STM-1 or STM-4) or can be different (for example. in which the traffic goes between rings through a chain network. Ring 1 at STM-16 and Ring 2 at STM-4). and the rates on the ring and the chain can be the same (for example. 3-16 . The combinations of working modes of Ring 1 and Ring 2 are as shown in Table 3-8.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Figure 3-11 shows a DNI network. both at STM-16. ADM MADM Figure 3-11 Dual ring intercommunication network (DNI mode) Table 3-8 Table of combination of working modes of each ring in dual-ring intercommunication network Ring 2 Ring 1 STM-1 SNCP/MSP STM-4 SNCP/MSP STM-16 SNCP/MSP STM-1 SNCP/MSP STM-4 SNCP/MSP STM-16 SNCP/MSP Figure 3-12 shows a rather complex Hub network architecture that combines ring and chain networks.
rt-VBR. transmission cost is the highest. which is equally distributed to the 3-17 . it is necessary to adopt statistic multiplexing through the ATM Interface Unit to converge the bandwidth of its received services. While raising the convergence ratio. The ATM interface unit reserves and gives priority to the allocation of the related resources to ensure reliable transmission of the CBR service.2. it is required to guarantee the time delay and the bandwidth of transmission. However. it is necessary to transmit the services on priority basis. and circuit emulation services). it is necessary to configure it as CBR service or the convergence ratio should be reduced. service congestion will inevitably occur.2 ATM Service 1. If the services of the important clients do not allow any congestion. nrt-VBR and UBR in four effective ways. For the CBR service (voice. the utilization ratio of the transmission bandwidth is improved. UBR service (LAN emulation and file transmission) are characterized by the dynamic changes in transmission bandwidth. constant bit video. the cost. it is necessary to choose different convergence ratios in view of the practical conditions. nrt-VBR and UBR services) to its minimum. Therefore. As the broadband transmission adopts the statistical multiplexing mode. nrt-VBR service (data transmission). In this way. so that the probability of congestion is minimized.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM MADM ADM TM Figure 3-12 Hub network combining ring network and chain network 3. The rt-VBR service (variable bit rate audio and video frequency services). that is. this will easily lead to service congestion. thus enabling the transmission bandwidth less than the access bandwidth in respect of the service. Characteristics Convergence of the ATM service access bandwidth The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can achieve the access & transmission of the ATM services such as CBR. In order to reduce the impact of congestion on the services (rt-VBR. In practical applications. But in this mode the transmission efficiency will be the lowest.
they will choose a fixed convergence ratio to reduce the cost and increase the efficiency. when 8 x STM-1 ATM services are routed to the ATM Interface Unit. 8 x STM-1 ATM service access ATM interface unit 1 x STM-1 STM service to DH Cross-connect Matrix Unit Figure 3-13 Convergence modes of data services Sharing of bandwidth for the ATM service network transmission For the ATM services. to use transmission equipment directly to provide transparent point-to-point transmission. the traditional transmission equipment provides the function of transmission bearer. For STM-4 or ATM services of higher rates. it enables transparent point-to-point transmission on the transmission equipment through concatenation mode. As a result. the ATM Interface Unit will converge and process them. the limited transmission bandwidth will be used up quickly. As a result. will be very low. such as the ATM STM-1 service. As the peak traffic volume of these two client groups may occur in either the daytime or at night respectively. resulting in no conflict in bandwidth utilization. In this way the utilization ratio of transmission bandwidth is improved. But for transparent transmission mode in practical applications. For example.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM users. In addition. the ATM service of a company and the ATM service of a residential area can share the STM-1 transmission bandwidth. as each station inside the entire network needs to use respective transmission bandwidth independently. and so it cannot support the applications in large-scale networking. in practical applications. it is necessary to make use of the VP-Ring characteristic of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) to exercise a statistic multiplexing of bandwidth on the ATM services transmitted on the ring in view of the great dynamic changes in the actual flow of data services. the ATM service transmission mode of shared bandwidth may also reduce the probability of service congestion in the entire network. 3-18 . This configuration mode of bandwidth sharing not only improves the utilization ratio of transmission bandwidth but also reduces to a minimum the service losses that arise from congestion. As shown in Figure 3-13. except for special clients such as banks. The converged ATM services of the STM-1 are cross-connected to a certain VC-4 virtual container. and the entire transmission network is optimized. while other unused VC-4 virtual containers can still bear the other services (PDH or Ethernet service).
Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM STM-1 STM-1 STM-1 MSTP ATM Switch DSLAM Figure 3-14 Sharing of the transmission bandwidth of the ATM service As shown in Figure 3-14. only the transparent point-to-point transmission of the ATM services is available. As for traditional SDH equipment. it is necessary to allocate an STM-1 bandwidth (regardless of the actual traffic volume) to each station. the ATM services in each station share one STM-1 bandwidth in the STM-4 transmission ring network through the function of the network bandwidth sharing featured by the VP-Ring technology. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) receives the ATM services of the STM-1 transmitted by the DSLAM (Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer) in each station. STM-1 STM-1 STM-1 STM-1 ATM Proess unit DSLAM SDH Cross Connect Unit SDH Inteface Unit ATM Cell Figure 3-15 Ways to achieve service convergence function of the AL1 board 3-19 . As the traffic volume of the ATM services changes dynamically. the utilization ratio of transmission bandwidth is rather low. In this mode. The function of bandwidth sharing in the entire transmission for the ATM services is effected mainly by making use of the ATM service convergence function provided by the ATM processing board (AL1 board).
After the processing by the ATM layer on the AL1 board. ATM Service Transmission Based Networking For the ATM services. Each station effects the sharing of the entire transmission bandwidth through the ATM processing board. and shares a bandwidth of one STM-1 with Station B. the transmission mode of sharing the network bandwidth is subject to the limitation by the processing capability of the ATM layer and the cost. The converged ATM cells are mapped onto a shared VC-4 container. 2. it converges the local ATM cells and the ATM cells on the ring transmitted from the SDH cross processing unit. the ATM service transmitted through the STM-1 bandwidth shared on the ring is groomed to the AL1 board through the SDH Cross Matrix Unit. Station A uses a bandwidth of 2 x STM-1.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM As shown in Figure 3-15. the basic networking mode for the ATM service transmission is mainly ring network or chain network. It should be noted that whether one AL1 board can share the bandwidth with other AL1 boards depends on whether the processed ATM cells are mapped onto the same VC-4 virtual container (not the same station). As a result. As 3-20 . within the network. where the SDH Cross Matrix Unit will uniformly groom them to the shared STM-1 bandwidth to be transmitted to the next station. the STM-1 bandwidth will be shared for the ATM services in each station. Through the processing of ATM services by the AL1 board in each station. STM-4 MSTP ATM Cell Figure 3-16 ATM service ring network bandwidth sharing transmission mode Figure 3-16 shows an SDH ring network at the rate of STM-4. The bandwidth on the ring is divided into 4 x STM-1.
Ring Network 2 and a chain network as shown in the Figure 3-17. According to the RFC 1990 protocol. in a network where there exists Ring Network 1.2. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) uses the ransparent Ethernet transmission interface unit to map 1–4/8 10/100Base-T or 100Base-FX 3-21 . This mode features high cost and inflexible bandwidth allocation. In addition. and the transmission mode of 2 Mbit/s leased line was used. Previously. The data equipment used 10/100Base-T Ethernet interface.3 Ethernet Service Basic Networking Modes 1. the increasing applications of Ethernet access in the MAN pose new requirements for the transmission of the Ethernet service on the transmission network. a router is required to transform the Ethernet interface into the 2 Mbit/s interfaces for transmission. which leads to high costs and bandwidth limitation. Ring 1 Ring 2 Line 1 MSTP Figure 3-17 Sharing of bandwidth in a complex network 3. need to use different STM-1 as the shared bandwidth. the requirement of the Ethernet interconnection application within the enterprises is increasing. For example. the remaining bandwidth of two STM-1 can be used to transmit other services. In this case. It requires service priority division and manageability of the MAN.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM the ATM service is transmitted in a mode of shared bandwidth. so as to effect the sharing of bandwidth within their respective networks. the remote intranet interconnection was implemented through the mode of leasing N x 64 kbit/s or 2 Mbit/s dedicated lines. Characteristics of 10/100 M Ethernet Service Mapping mode of the 10/100 M Ethernet service VC-Trunk With the development of data service. A complex network needs to share bandwidth of all networks respectively in a ring mode that achieve the purpose on a span sharing basis.
the different services of different users cannot be differentiated with respect to the physical interface. Various protection schemes for the PDH service in the SDH system also exist for the Ethernet service. Unlike the ATM service processing mode. the number of the Ethernet interfaces mapped into the 2Mbit/s interface can be set at will. as long as the total number not exceeding 48 x 2Mbit/s interfaces. service congestion will certainly occur. this will be a costly proposition) and the bandwidth will be configured for them in priority. VLAN-based flow control The characteristic of the Ethernet service is greater bandwidth change. 3-22 . When the VC-Trunk mapping mode is used. and other subscribers being unable to use the same. this may results in a certain subscriber occupying the bandwidth resources for a longer time. Therefore. their services will be set at lower priority (of course. Ethernet service convergence is needed for both data equipment and transmission equipment. This allows the transmission bandwidth of the Ethernet service to be flexibly allocated according to the specific requirements. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) uses the transparent Ethernet transmission interface unit to allocate different subscribers to different VLAN groups with different bandwidths and priorities so as to implement the manageability of the Ethernet service. Since the service convergence mode is used for transmission. making the service uplink transmission bandwidth be less than the service access bandwidth. while different sites in the entire transmission network do not. since the Ethernet service is mapped into multiple 2Mbit/s interfaces. the mode of the PDH service transmission is adopted (that is. point-to-point non-transparent mode without bandwidth sharing). when service congestion occurs. the services should be set as the highest priority (of course. since the services of multiple subscribers are converged to the same 100Base-T interface for access and transmission. But for ordinary users (such as the intelligent residential area). For important subscribers (such as banks and Intranet). in this case. Furthermore. the received Ethernet services should be classified according to their priorities. the Ethernet service transmission mode of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can be described as different interfaces of the same Transparent Ethernet Transmission Interface Unit share the bandwidth. Therefore. since the Ethernet service lacks a perfect priority guarantee. As shown in Figure 3-18.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Ethernet services (in the mode of VC-trunk) into the 1–48 2 Mbit/s services to implement the Ethernet service transmission. To improve the transmission bandwidth efficiency and to reduce the transmission cost. the cost will be less) but the transmission bandwidth cannot be guaranteed.
if the VLAN-based flow control function is used.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM L2 Switch Router Figure 3-18 Problem concerning transparent Ethernet transmission As shown in Figure 3-19. the out-of-order competition for the bandwidth resources among the users can be avoided. the bandwidth for each subscriber can be pre-allocated according to the priority (the charges are based upon the bandwidth allocating priority). When service congestion occurs. 3-23 .
Since the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) serves as the transmission equipment of the convergence layer. the different Ethernet services upstream transmitted by the access layer equipment generally adopts the VLAN technology to converge to one or more interfaces for transmission. the VLAN adds a Tag Header to the source address of the standard Ethernet frame and allocates different VLAN tags to different subscribers at associated bytes to implement the service isolation between different subscriber groups and the broadcast storm suppression. but due to the application of the VLAN tags. After the convergence of their different services through the Ethernet switch. they are allocated with different VLAN tags. a 100Base-T interface of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) will be used for the transmission. The corporations share the same transmission interface. maybe there are multiple corporations in an office building. their services are isolated to guarantee the required security.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM VLAN =1 VLAN=2 VLAN=3 L2 Switch Router Figure 3-19 VLAN-based flow control VLAN-based subscriber management and service security guarantee As a virtual LAN technology. For example. 3-24 .
the server of Company B at Site 1 can also use the VLAN technology and use the same 10/100Base-T Ethernet interface for the access to the MAN based on the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) systems. the Gigabit Ethernet service will be encapsulated based on the LAPS protocol. an ET1 board is needed to be configured at these three sites respectively. In this case. LAPS provides a rate adapting capability that enables a mechanism transform in the Ethernet MII rate 3-25 . The specific bandwidth can be flexibly configured. Characteristics of Gigabit Ethernet Service LAPS encapsulation In the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) scenario. is a frame-forming structure used to encapsulate the IEEE 802. similar to the HDLC (high-level data link controller).86 describes that LAPS. the servers at sites 1 and 3 of Company A need to use the 10/100Base-T Ethernet interface for the access to the LAN based on the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) systems to exchange the data with the server at the headquarters of Site 2. The ITU-T X. The connection with the dedicated line of the headquarters of Company B at Site 4 is achieved. 2. Sites 1 and 3 are respectively configured with a bandwidth of 24 x 2 Mbit/s to Site 2.3-compliant Ethernet MAC frames.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 24 M x 2 24 x 2 M /1 0 0B AS ETX 10 24 x 2M MSTP Server for company A Server for company B Figure 3-20 Ethernet service transmission mode in the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) As shown in Figure 3-20. Since the interface and residual bandwidth of the transparent Ethernet Unit of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) can be continuously used by other corporations.
The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). As a standard encapsulation protocol. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) incorporates flow control mechanism on both the Ethernet side and the SDH side. the sink will stuff in flow control frame in the traffic to the source to report the congestion to the sink side. SDH side flow control The MAC frame of the Gigabit Ethernet service is transmitted at the Gigabit level. the possibility of cache overflow is high. converges the Ethernet services transmitted by the data equipment of the access layer. 3. Since the data equipment of the access layer may use different Ethernet service access modes. or the transmission line encounters transient cache congestion. the transmission equipment of the convergence layer should adopt different transmission modes to improve the Ethernet service transmission efficiency. The source will stop temporarily the transmission after it receives the flow control frame. since the transmission mode of mapping into the 2 Mbit/s interfaces is used. LAPS also enables the interconnection of equipments of different vendors that adopts this encapsulation protocol. thus eliminating the congestion in the Ethernet service transmission. Therefore. based upon the characteristics of the Ethernet service over the access layer. as the transmission equipment of the convergence layer. Networking of 10/100 M Ethernet Service Transmission For the Ethernet services.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM and the SDH VC rate to erase the conflict between cyclical transmission of the SDH frame and the burst mode of the MAC frame. When the Ethernet service flow volume from the sink SDH side is larger than the flow volume the sink Ethernet side can receive. the networking mode of the Ethernet service transmission is the same as that of the PDH service transmission. If the flow control mechanism is not effective. resulting in high frame loss ratio. Point-to-point Ethernet service transmission 3-26 . the appropriate transmission network can be constructed according to the PDH service transmission networking mode. and transmits them to the access layer or the backbone layer equipment at various sites.
Configuration and Networking
LAN 15 LAN 16 LAN 17 LAN 18
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
1 2M 0x
28 x 2M
Figure 3-21 Point-to-point Ethernet service transmission
As shown in Figure 3-21, the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) at sites 2, 3 and 4 receive respectively the Ethernet service transmitted by its own Ethernet switch, and converge the services to the corresponding Ethernet switch at the central site 1. In this way, the point-to-point transparent transmission between various LANs is achieved. Each site is configured with an Ethernet transparent transmission processing board (ET1), each LAN service is allocated with independent Ethernet access interface and each interface is configured with independent VC-Trunk (since different services are transmitted through different VC-Trunks, the VLAN tags of different LANs can be the same) to guarantee the independent bandwidth of each LAN. The relationship between the Ethernet services accessed by different sites is: LAN 1 <=> LAN 11, LAN 2 <=> LAN 12, LAN 3 <=> LAN 13, LAN 4 <=> LAN 14,
Configuration and Networking
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
LAN 5 <=> LAN 15, LAN 6 <=> LAN 16, LAN 7 <=> LAN 17 and LAN 8 <=> LAN 18. For Site 1, it is only configured with one Ethernet transparent transmission processing board, the maximum processing capability is 48 x 2 Mbit/s. So the total bandwidth of the eight point-to-point transparent transmission paths should not exceed 48 x 2 Mbit/s. Point-to-multi-point Ethernet service transmission With the VALN technology and the VLAN tags, multiple users can access the Ethernet interface of a site, and based upon the VLAN tags carried by the Ethernet data frames, the Ethernet services of different users can be sent to different sites, that is, the transmission of the point-to-multi-point Ethernet service.
Configuration and Networking
LAN 11 LAN 12 LAN 13 LAN 14 LAN 15
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
10 M x2
28 x 2M
Figure 3-22 Point-to-multi-point Ethernet service transmission
As shown in Figure 3-22, Site 1 access the Ethernet service upstream transmitted by the LAN switch through an Ethernet interface of an Ethernet transparent transmission processing unit. This LAN switch divides the connected LAN into five Virtual LANs (both the LAN switch interface and the corresponding interface of the Ethernet transparent transmission processing unit should be set as the TAG interfaces so as to transparently transmit the VLAN tags). The Ethernet services of different VLANs are differentiated according to different VLAN tags. Based upon the
Configuration and Networking
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
TAG information, Site 3 sends the data sent by the LAN switch to Sites 2, 3 and 4 through different VC-Trunk paths. Site 3 also access the Ethernet services upstream, transmitted by the LAN switch through an Ethernet interface of an Ethernet transparent transmission processing unit. This LAN switch divides the connected LAN into three virtual LANs. The Ethernet services of different VLANs are differentiated according to the different VLAN tags. The relationship between the Ethernet services accessed by different sites is: LAN 1 <=> LAN 11, LAN 2 <=> LAN 12, LAN 3 <=> LAN 13, LAN 4 <=> LAN 14 and LAN 5 <=> LAN 15. The configuration mode of the transmission bandwidth is: The services between LAN 1 <=> LAN 11 and LAN 5 <=> LAN 15 are respectively allocated with a VC-Trunk, and the services between LAN 2 <=> LAN 12, LAN 3 <=> LAN 13 and LAN 4 <=> LAN 14 share the same VC-Trunk. In this application, the service between LAN 1 <=> LAN 11 and LAN 5 <=> LAN 15 is allocated with independent VC-Trunk, so it can guarantee the VLAN-based transmission bandwidth. But since the services between LAN 2 <=> LAN 12, LAN 3 <=> LAN 13 and LAN 4 <=> LAN 14 share the same VC-Trunk, that is, they share the same transmission bandwidth, the bandwidth resources are allocated through fair competition.
Configuration and Networking LAN 11 LAN 12 LAN 13 LAN 14 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1# 10 M x2 10 x2 M 2# 28 x 2M 4# LAN 1 LAN 4 3# LAN 2 L2 Switch MSTP LAN 3 Figure 3-23 The transmission mode of multiple Ethernet interfaces sharing the same VC-Trunk As shown in Figure 3-23 the Ethernet service of each site is accessed through the independent interface of the Ethernet transparent transmission processing unit. 3-31 . The configuration mode of the transmission bandwidth is as follows. the transmission bandwidth of the corresponding Ethernet interface is allocated through fair competition. LAN 3 <=> LAN 13 and LAN 4 <=> LAN 14. different services carry different VLAN tags. the user services from multiple Ethernet interfaces share the same VC-Trunk path. The relationship between the Ethernet services accessed by different sites is: LAN 1 <=> LAN 11. among multiple Ethernet interfaces sharing the same VC-Trunk path. The services between LAN 1 <=> LAN 11 and LAN 4 <=> LAN 14 are allocated respectively with a VC-Trunk. that is. Furthermore. or the Ethernet transparent transmission processing unit at the receiving end cannot differentiate different services. LAN 2 <=> LAN 12. In the shared VC-Trunk path. The services between LAN 2 <=> LAN 12 and LAN 3 <=> LAN 13 share the same VC-Trunk.
Since the path-sharing mode is adopted.Configuration and Networking LAN 11 LAN 12 LAN 13 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM -1 2 VC T 1 nk ru 1# 2# 4# LAN 1 VC -1 2T ru nk 2 VC T -12 k3 run LAN 3 3# LAN 2 L2 Switch MSTP LSic 2wth Figure 3-24 The transmission mode of multiple sites sharing the same VC-Trunk As shown in Figure 3-24. the services between LAN 1 <=> LAN 11. The services between LAN 1 <=> LAN 11. 3-32 . different Ethernet services use the transmission modes of sharing VC-Trunk path. and the services between LAN 2 <=> LAN 12 and LAN 3 <=> LAN 13 share the transmission bandwidth of VC-Trunk 2 between Sites 2 and 3. LAN 2 <=> LAN 12 and LAN 3 <=> LAN 13 are interconnected through the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). different VLAN tags should be carried by different Ethernet service flows transmitted in the VC-Trunk paths so that the Ethernet transparent transmission processing boards of different sites can correctly differentiate and groom the Ethernet services according to the VLAN tags. In this networking application. This transmission mode can improve the utilization of the VC-Trunk path. LAN 2 <=> LAN 12 and LAN 3 <=> LAN 13 share the transmission bandwidth of VC-Trunk 1 between Sites 1 and 2.
VC Label 10 20 .. After that... Then. Tunnel Label 20 20 . the Ethernet frame is transferred to corresponding output port according to the Layer 2 transfer table. which transfers the data to corresponding port according to the internal label. which will be discarded at the provider routers (P) equipment at the last hop. 3-33 . Then.. when the user’s Ethernet frame (with the source address being MAC H. From the angle of user. The Ethernet frame is detached from the tunnel label when leaving the P equipment. As shown in Figure 3-25. the system will check the Layer 2 transfer table and attach the internal label (VC Label) it gets to the frame. the system will check the Port + Vlan ID table and add the external label (Tunnel) and internal label (VC) it gets to the accessed Ethernet frames... As shown in Figure 3-26. the EPLAN/EVPLAN network is a big Vlan where the user service can be converged.. the data will be transmitted to the corresponding provider edges (PE) equipment. Figure 3-25 Application of EPL/EVPL service The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) adopts the Martini mode to provide the EPLAN/ EVPLAN and implement the multipoint-to-multipoint connection of user sites . 20 20 Company A PE1 Port A Port B Tunnel label switching Company B Tunnel label switching Tunnel label stripped 10 20 Data Data P 50 50 10 20 Data Data P 10 20 Data Data PE2 Company A Port A Port B Frame transferred by PE2 according to Company B the VC label L2 MPLS network composed of OptiX 2500+ Company A B .Configuration and Networking 4. where the VC Label is detached. Data transfer in the network is based on the external label. Data . and different label switch paths (LSPs) are set up according to different addresses. and then transferred to corresponding PE equipment. and the destination address being MAC A. . MPLS in Metro Optical Ethernet Network OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) adopts the CCC and Martini modes to construct the MPLS L2 VPN and provides EPL/EVPL service. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) integrates the function of P equipment and PE equipment.... where it is attached with the external label (tunnel label)... the frame is transferred to corresponding tunnel. . B or C) enters the PE equipment.
It provides a solution to the extension of the Gigabit Ethernet service to the WAN. which are connected to two nodes on the WAN on dual homing basis.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM P MPLS Core PE Address = MAC C P Address = MAC A PE Branch A LSP3 Branch C Address = MAC B PE Branch B LSP1 PE LSP2 Transferred to corresponding port via the Layer 2 route table Source MAC H MAC H MAC H Sink MAC A MAC B MAC C Tunnel Label 1 2 3 VC Label 10 10 10 LSP LSP1 LSP2 LSP3 Address = MAC H Headquarters Figure 3-26 Application of EPLAN/ EVPLAN 5. The 10/100 M Ethernet service at different LAN nodes are converged as Gigabit Ethernet service through the Layer 3 switches. and the Gigabit Ethernet service is further transmitted to the Gigabit Ethernet interfaces of the EGT board of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). Networking of Gigabit Ethernet Service Transparent Transmission Figure 3-27 shows the basic networking of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) in the scenario of Ethernet service transmission. The Gigabit service accessed will be further transparently transmitted to the routers on the MAN. 3-34 .
Configuration and Networking
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
Figure 3-27 Networking of Gigabit Ethernet service transmission
Configuration and Networking
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
3.2.4 Basic Networking Mode for DDN Service Transmission
Though contributing greatly to the dedicated service development, DDN still encounters tremendous difficulties in its ever lasting development. On the one hand, we have to invest heavily in outdated DDN backbone equipment to meet service demands and to maintain original DDN network; on the other hand, the upgraded DDN network is very undesirable in term of cost-effectiveness owing to its inability to offer above-E1 broadband dedicated services. See Figure 3-28. Therefore, the construction of DDN network should be made with consideration of the future network development orientation and economic benefits. Based on the currently available resources, the DDN network should develop at modest speed, in line with service demands, and with networking reconstruction and optimization as emphasis.
DDN multiplexer Update and expansion need to have more investment in the outdated DDN backbone equipment. The priceperformance ratio is not optimized.
Figure 3-28 DDN network development
Compared with DDN, the SDH network is developing rapidly with wider coverage area and longer transmission range. Besides the traditional PDH service, it also supports Ethernet service, ATM service transparent transmission and layer 2 switching. Additionally, the DDN service access and grooming is also available in optical transmission network. Optical transmission network is more a multi-protocol and multi-service based comprehensive service transmission network than a basic complementary network. The optical network transmission equipment also is developing into multi-service transmission platform (MSTP). Figure 3-29 shows the SDH network as basic complementary network. Figure 3-30 shows the development of SDH network into MSTP.
Configuration and Networking
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
Ethernet switch DDN
DDN multiplexer Ethernet user
DDN Node machine
Figure 3-29 Service access of traditional SDH network development
DDN DDN user multiplexer DDN user E1 Ethernet user FE/GE
Nx64kbit/s Ethernet switch
Figure 3-30 The development of SDH network into MSTP
Configuration and Networking 1. SDH (MSTP) Network Incorporating DDN Service
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM
The DDN-incorporated SDH network provides good chance for the dedicated service development. SDH network becomes capable of accessing and grooming DDN service as long as the SDH equipment is configured with the associated modules. The accessed DDN service, after being cross-connected, is transmitted in the network in SDH frame. The DDN service featured by SDH network is not used to replace the current DDN network which has been very perfect and stable; instead, it serves as a complement for it. See Figure 3-31.
Node machine DDN Convergence layer (MSTP)
DDN user DDN scheduling
Access layer (MSTP)
N x 6kbit/s Frame E1 SHDSL
Figure 3-31 DDN service featured by SDH (MSTP) network
To expand DDN through SDH not only save the investment which may otherwise be made in backward DDN backbone equipment, also meet the increasing demands in DDN services. Furthermore, the SDH (MSTP), with its capability in providing dedicated broadband service at N x 64 kbit/s, E1 and above E1, enables the independent operation of optical transmission network. 2. Implementation DDN is expandable through MSTP while maintaining its original network. To incorporate DDN network into optical transmission network, following optical transmission equipments should be configured with DDN modules: NE accessing the DDN service NE grooming the DDN service Figure 3-32 shows a service access layer using OptiX 155/622H. The equipment for
there is no need to configure the OptiX 155/622H with DDN module for saving investment. SHDSL can be used to transmit E1 and N x 64 kbit/s signals for a transmission distance of 3000 m. If no DDN service is to be accessed. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) service convergence layer. The grooming capability of a module is equivalent to a medium-sized node. The services to be accessed include N x 64 kbit/s. when configured with DDN module. Connect to original node machine Scheduling and access User DDN Convergence Layer Frame E1 SHDSL Node machine DDN multiplexer NX64kbit/s Scheduling User OptiX 2500+ DDN module of OptiX 2500+ configuration OptiX 155/622H DDN module of OptiX 155/622H configuration Access Layer Frame E1 SHDSL Access NX64kbit/s DDN multiplexer Figure 3-32 Huawei DDN network solution Two routes available for point-to-point service subscribers: The two ends of the services are located in the MSTP network (refer to the services represented with red and green line in Figure 3-32 ). Frame E1 and SHDSL service. the DDN module is also equipped with numerous external ports for access of N x 64 kbit/s. is very powerful in DDN service convergence and traffic consolidation.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM accessing DDN service is configured with DDN modules to. also capable of transmitting voice and other services (DDN dedicated service is just a portion of overall services). Besides. The equipment can also be configured with multiple DDN modules to meet the increasing customer demands. enable DDN dedicated service. The convergence layer and access layer are not only abundant in bandwidth. 3-39 . Frame E1 and SHDSL. One end of the service is the original DDN network (refer to the service represented with blue broken line in Figure 3-32).
paths have pre-determined routes. With the increase of DDN service. and the entire transmission network will have the capacity to cope with network failures for a higher network running reliability. After the protection is activated. The SDH networks mainly rely on two different mechanisms of protection and restoration to ensure that services can be maintained in case of failure. The switching completion time is less than 50ms. Line protection switching primarily serves to protect the transmission media. two-fiber bidirectional multiplex section shared protection ring. DDN module is used for service access and dispatching. the switching equipment of the system will automatically switch the traffic to the standby system. two-fiber unidirectional multiplex section dedicated protection ring. So. converge and guide a portion of DDN service. Protection usually refers to a rather fast conversion process. Yet it is unable to offer protection against the TM or ADM node failures.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM For the first service. when the DDN service is very small. after conversion. and the execution process is automatically determined by the switching switch components. 1:N line protection Self-healing ring protection (two-fiber unidirectional/bidirectional path protection ring. Line Protection Switching The working principle of the SDH line protection is as follows: in the case of transmission interrupted or degradation to a certain degree. 3. four-fiber bidirectional multiplex section shared protection ring) Shared ring DNI mode intercommunication protection Subnetwork connection protection (SNCP) VP Ring protection Subnet connection multiple protection (SNCMP) 1. we can configure optical transmission equipment with DDN module to divert. which is as per the requirement of ITU-T recommendations. The self-healing protection specified in the ITU-T recommendations and supported by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are as follows: 1+1. we still can use DDN backbone node for grooming in the mode of gateway. (1) 1+1 line protection 3-40 . The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports two protection schemes: 1+1 and 1:N (1≤N≤14). some pre-specified capacity between various transmission nodes is occupied. regenerators and the line terminal interfaces (for example optical/electrical and electrical/optical conversion parts) of the TM and the ADM.2. so as to alleviate the pressure suffered by the repeater port at DDN backbone node. For the second service.5 Self-Healing Protection One of the major advantages of the synchronous digital networks is that they can use combinations of different network structures.
in the non-restorative mode. the tributary signals (AC) that enter the ring with Node C as the destination are simultaneously fed into the fibers S1 and P1 in the sending direction. When one of the working systems fails. and the protection system can also send extra services. Therefore. whereas the multiplex section switching is done for the entire multiplex section. there are N systems that share one protection system. Besides. When the systems run normally. called “fiber S” and the other fiber works as protection fiber. and it makes no difference whether the signals are received by the active or standby system. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports multiple 1:N line protection scheme at the interface side of various rate levels simultaneously. The sending ends of the active and standby systems are connected in parallel. 1+1 line protection does not require the participation of the automatic protection switching protocol (APS). automatic switching will take place according to the signal quality. There are two types of ring networks: PP ring and MSP ring. The two systems are in the active/standby mode for each other. In case of single-end switching. Ring Network Protection Ring networks are also known as self-healing rings. but in opposite directions. based on the quality of the payload signals on the monitored low order path. or it will take place with external commands to force the switching or locking. by checking the quality of the signals on the line (multiplex section overhead) between network nodes. Node C receives tributary signals of two directions simultaneously and chooses one 3-41 .Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM A standby system is provided for each working system in a 1+1 SDH line protection system. 2. (2) 1:N line protection In the 1:N protection scheme. The same service signals are sent on the two fibers. Instead. The main difference between them is the criterion for protection switching. and the original extra services on the protection system will be discarded. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports multiple 1+1 line protections at the interface side of various rate levels simultaneously. while the terminal end switching". the APS protocol must be used. either the active or the standby fiber is chosen to receive the service signals according to the signal quality. its efficiency is higher than the 1+1 protection scheme. Traffic is sent to Node C over the S1 optical fiber clockwise as working signal and over the P1 optical fiber counter-clockwise as protection signal. its services are transmitted to the protection system. path switching is done for individual path. As the 1:N system allows one protection system to protect multiple working systems. At the receiving end. It depends on the signal quality. called “fiber P”. One fiber works as service fiber. The MS ring decides whether to switch or not. As shown in Figure 3-33 (a). at Node A. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports both the single-end switching mode and the dual-end switching mode. (1) Two-fiber unidirectional path protection rings Two-fiber unidirectional path protection rings use the 1+1 protection scheme and the structure of "initial end bridged. The path protection ring decides whether to switch or not. When the 1: N line protection works in the dual-end switching mode. the protection system can be used to send extra services. the 1:N line protection uses the restoration mode.
The CA signals carried on fiber S1 (signal transmitted in the same direction as the AC signals) are branched as active signals at Node A.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM to be dropped on a quality basis. At that moment. Normally. tributary signals (CA) inserted at C into the ring that go towards Node A as destination are sent off in the same way. The switch will return to its original position when the fault is removed. the switch transfers the traffic from the S1 optical fiber to the P1 optical fiber and receives the AC signals from Node A carried over the P1 optical fiber to be dropped. the working traffic between Node A and C is protected and will not be discarded. as shown in Figure 3-33 (b). Meanwhile. In the case of a fiber cut between Node B and Node C. In this way. CA AC S1 P1 A D C P1 S1 B CA AC (a) CA AC S1 P1 A D C P1 S1 B X CA AC Switching (b) Figure 3-33 Schematic diagram of the two-fiber unidirectional PP ring (2) Two-fiber bidirectional path protection ring The 1+1 protection scheme of the two-fiber bidirectional path protection ring is 3-42 . the AC signals from Node A carried over the S1 optical fiber are lost. the signal sent on the S1 fiber is taken as the active signal.
tributary signals (CA) inserted at C into the ring that takes Node A as its destination 3-43 . Normally.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM basically the same as that in the unidirectional protection ring. Meanwhile. The traffic is sent to Node C over the S1 optical fiber clockwise as working signal and over the P1 optical fiber counter-clockwise as protection signal. CA AC S1 S2 A D C P1 P2 B CA AC (a) CA AC S1 S2 D A C B P1 P2 X CA AC Switching (b) Figure 3-34 Schematic diagram of the two-fiber bidirectional PP ring As suggested in Figure 3-34 (a). It can increase the total add/drop services. Its main advantage is that in case of no protection rings. The difference is that the returned signals move in a reverse direction. the tributary signals destined for Node C enter the ring from Node A while being carried over the optical fiber S1 and P1 in the transmission direction. the signal sent on the S1 fiber is taken as the active signal. which is important for delay sensitive services (such as video services). or in case that the same ADM equipment is used in a chain network. for example. this protection scheme can ensure route consistency for bidirectional services. Moreover. paths can be re-used. Node C receives tributary signals of two directions simultaneously and chooses one to be dropped according to the quality of the received signals.
In the case of a two-fiber ring. where M is the quantity of nodes on the ring. as their services have consistent routes and are sent bidirectionally. the availability of the ring capacity is enhanced. data. which is sensitive to the error codes. as shown in Figure 3-34 (b).5 x N x M x STM-1. where the AU-4s are numbered from 1 to N according to the order that they appear in the multiplex. The switch will return to its original position when the fault is removed. the switch transfers the traffic from the S1 optical fiber to the P1 optical fiber and receives the AC signals from Node A on the P1 optical fiber to be dropped. half the paths are defined as working paths (S) and half are defined as protection paths (P). one fiber can transport working path (S1) and protection path (P2) and the other fiber can transport working path (S2) and protection path (P1). When a fiber cut occurs between Node B and Node C. etc. its capacity is N x STM-1. Only one overhead path is used on each fiber. The working capacity and protection capacity are both N/2 (indicating the number) AU-4. and the AU-4s numbered from N/2 + 1 to N shall be assigned as protection paths. TU-LOP. the STM-N can be viewed as a multiplex of N x AU-4s. With the timeslot switching technology. and provides protection on a per path basis. This permits bidirectional transmission of working traffic. the working traffic between Node A and C is protected and will not be lost. In the worst cases. Switching is effected by judging the quality of the path signals according to the path alarm signals (for example. and vice versa. that is. The CA signals carried on fiber S1 (signal transmitted in the same direction as the AC signals) are branched as active signals at Node A. its capacity can reach up to 0. 3-44 . the above mentioned capacities are doubled.) as well as the bit error status of the path signals. See Figure 3-35 (a) for the description of the working path and protection path in the two-fiber MS shared protection rings. The working path (S1) in one fiber is protected by the protection path (P1) in the other optical fiber traveling in the opposite direction around the ring.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM are sent to Node A in the same way. such as signaling. The AU-4s numbered from 1 to N/2 shall be assigned as working paths. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports both the two-fiber unidirectional path protection ring and the two-fiber bidirectional path protection ring. (3) Two-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection rings For two-fiber bidirectional MSP rings. The shorter switching time is attributable to the efforts to optimize the path protection in the system hardware and software and is of great significance to the traffic. On each fiber. The switching time of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is less than the 50ms switching time as stipulated in the ITU-T recommendations. timeslots in the ring can be shared by all nodes. The total capacity is closely related to the service distribution mode and quantity of nodes on the ring. TU-AIS. Added/dropped traffic can be increased by choosing protection for some of or all of the paths (The capacity can range from N STM-1 to ‘2N’ STM-1 for STM-N path rings). The timeslots of the fibers counter-clockwise are similar. The working path AU-4 number m is protected by protection path AU-4 number (N/2 + m). If low-level extra services are sent on the protection timeslots. In this way. and video. while in maximum.
the AU-4 paths numbered 1 to m (working) in the S1/P2 fiber can be transferred to the AU-4s paths N/2+1 to N/2+m (protection) in the S2/P1 fiber. 3-45 . thus fulfilling the function of protection switching. the path timeslots of the same number can be utilized by more than two nodes based on the traffic patterns (ring organization pattern). the switch will return to its original position. the switches at Node B and Node C adjacent to the broken point will connect the S1/P2 fiber and S2/P1 fiber. the working traffic carried over either the S1/P2 fiber or S2/P1 optical fiber can be transferred to the protection signal timeslot of the other optical fiber.Configuration and Networking CA AC S1/P2 S2/P1 A D C S2/P1 S1/P2 B OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM CA AC (a) CA AC S1/P2 S2/P1 A D C S2/P1 S1/P2 B X CA AC Switching (b) Figure 3-35 Two-fiber bidirectional multiplexer section shared protection ring The service path of any number can add at one node and drop at another. In the case that the optical fiber cable between Node B and Node C is cut. For instance. one path timeslot can be repeatedly used. When the fault is rectified. In addition. That is to say. as shown in Figure 3-35 (b). With the timeslot switching technology.
CA AC S1 P1 A D P1 S1 C B CA AC CA AC (a) S1 P1 A D P1 S1 C B X CA AC Switching (b) Figure 3-36 Two-fiber unidirectional multiplexer section switching ring 3-46 . working paths and protection paths are carried over different optical fibers. as shown in Figure 3-36 (a). the low-rate tributary payload is added/dropped only in the S1 optical fiber. while the protection fiber P1 is left idle. There is a protection switch on each line before the tributary signals are added/dropped at each node. Generally. NE failures (for example power-off condition or the unit getting plugged-out). multi-point optical fiber failure/degradation.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports the two-fiber bidirectional MS protection ring and effects switching in the case of one-point optical fiber failure/degradation. (4) Two-fiber unidirectional MS dedicated protection rings In a ring structure of this kind. system unit failures. The switching time of the multiplex section of the OptiX equipment is less than 50ms as stipulated in the ITU-T recommendations. It can avoid erroneous connection of traffic in case of multiple-point failure.
Generally. Whereas the returned low-speed tributary signals. The two-fiber unidirectional multiplex section switching protection ring is seldom used in actual applications since it has no advantages over either the two-fiber unidirectional path protection ring or two-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection. The loop-back function guarantees the continuity of the ring even in times of failure so that the working traffic on the low-rate tributaries will not be interrupted. as shown in Figure 3-36 (b). the service signal AC on fiber S1 returns to fiber P1 through the switch. form two protection signal rings in directions opposite to S1 and S2. The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) fully supports the two-fiber MS dedicated protection ring. as illustrated in Figure 3-37. (5) Four-fiber MS shared protection rings Four-fiber MS shared protection ring demands 4 fibers at each section (between nodes). 3-47 .Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM In the case of the two optical fibers between Node B and Node C getting cut. however. gets to Node C through Node A and Node D counter-clockwise and then changes back to fiber S1 through switch at Node C for dropping. the switch will return to its original position. the protection switch at Node B and Node C adjacent to the broken point will start the loopback function specified in the APS protocol. Switching time is similar to that of two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring. When the fault is rectified. The protection fibers P1 and P2. Each fiber conducts protection switching through a switch. are transmitted clockwise in the S1 optical fiber. Service and protection paths are carried over different fibers: two service fibers (one receiving and the other transmitting) and two protection fibers (one transmitting and the other receiving). which access the ring from Node A and goes to Node C. At Node B. The service fiber S1 forms a clockwise working traffic ring and the working fiber S2 creates a counterclockwise working traffic ring. the low-speed tributary signals. Other nodes (for example Node A and Node D) function to ensure the service signals carried on fiber P1 to accomplish the normal bridging locally and to transmit to other branch nodes smoothly. configuration and switching time. which is similar to the two-fiber bidirectional MS switching ring in switching condition. which access the ring from Node C and targeted for Node A are transmitted to Node A counter-clockwise on the S2 fiber.
there will be two switches executing the loopback functions respectively at Node B and Node C using the APS protocol to maintain the continuity of the ring as shown in Figure 3-38. Node C fulfills similar functions.Configuration and Networking CA AC S1 P1 S2 P2 A OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D B C P2 S2 P1 S1 CA AC Figure 3-37 Schematic diagram of four-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection ring CA AC S1 P1 S2 P2 A D B C P2 S2 P1 S1 CA AC Switching Figure 3-38 Schematic diagram of four-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection ring In the case that there is a cable cut between Node B and Node C. At Node B. S1 connects with P1 and S2 with P2. The 3-48 .
After both Traffic Ts and Tp are compared.842 includes specific requirements for inter-ring service protections. Four-fiber bidirectional MS shared protection ring has ring switchover (the traffic of the affected sections will be carried by the protection path of the longer path) and section switchover (a protection mechanism similar to 1:1 linear APS. The traffic from Node A to Node J is sent to Ring 2 through the intercommunication dual nodes C and D respectively by means of “Drop-Continue”. the one with better quality is selected to be sent to Node A along the CBA optical path. Its service and protection paths are not transmitted over the same fiber so that when the fiber fails. only the protection path will be affected. by using the protection scheme specified by this recommendation. any failure of the working Node C and the protection Node D.842. when the two switchovers occur simultaneously. optical fibers in the rings and optical fibers between Nodes C and F or D and G will be protected. but this protection scheme can only protect the optical fibers and optical transmitting/receiving ports. for example. The protection of OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) for inter-ring interconnection service under the DNI mode completely complies with Recommendation G. whereas the traffic from Node J to Node A sent by Ring 2 enters Ring 1 through Node C and Node D respectively. line protection scheme can be adopted to protect the services. the protection of inter-connecting services between two ring networks supported by different vendors and different protection schemes can be provided. It specifies the protection schemes of two interconnecting nodes respectively in the MS shared ring and path ring working modes. Recommendation G. and cannot provide protection in case of failure of the interconnecting nodes. When the fault is rectified. (1) The interconnection service protection of DNI nodes in an MS shared protection ring The interconnection service between Node A of Ring 1 and Node J of Ring 2 is protected in the DNI mode. the section switchover will be used for full protection. Protection of Interconnecting Traffic between Rings The inter-ring interconnection services can be classified into two types: single-node interconnection (SNI) and dual-node interconnection (DNI). Therefore. (only the service path of one section is impacted. Under this protection scheme. the electrical fault and fiber breakage of service path). 3-49 . support will be given to the one with higher priority. For DNI. In case of more than one failure. as shown in Figure 3-39. Protection on both optical fiber and node failures is also activated. applied in four-fiber rings only). the protection path of the failed span will transmit the working traffic. the switch returns to its original position.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM other nodes ensure that the working traffic on P1 and P2 can perform the normal bridging function at the node. Traffic “Ts” from Node D (a protection node) entering Ring 1 travels along the DC optical path and arrives at Node C. the same point where Traffic “Tp” enters Ring 1. 3. Ring 1 is under MS shared protection. However. During span switching. For SNI. Several span switchovers can coexist on one ring and only the protection paths will be used for each switched span.
Configuration and Networking A OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM B Ring 1:Multiplex section shared protection ring P SS E C S D Tp SS Ts J P F S G H Ring 2:Multiplex section shared protection ring P S SS End point Sub-node Service selection switch Protection path Working path I Figure 3-39 Interconnection service protection among MS shared protection rings (2) The interconnection service protection of DNI nodes in a path protection ring As shown in Figure 3-40. The working and protection services from Node A to Node I are transmitted in the drop-and-continue mode to interconnecting nodes C and D respectively. The service that enters Ring 1 from Node C (Working node) arrives at 3-50 . Ring 1 works in a unidirectional path protection scheme. the traffic between Node A of Ring 1 and Node I of Ring 2 is protected in the DNI manner. While the service from Node I of Ring 2 to Node A enters Ring 1 at Nodes C and D respectively. The better one will be selected at nodes C and D and further sent off to Ring 2.
The better one will be selected and dropped at Node A for path optimization. Subnetwork Connection Protection As network structures are becoming more and more complicated.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Node A along the service path. the subnetwork connection protection (SNCP) is the only service protection scheme that can be adapted to various network topological structures with a fast switching rate. optical fibers in the rings and optical fibers between Nodes C and F or D and G will be protected. which can be used in different network structures: 3-51 . Under this protection scheme. LO/HO SNCP is the path layer protection. At the same time. service that enters Ring 1 from Node D (Protection node) will arrive at Node A along the protection path. Protection Node D. any failure of Working Node C. A B Ring 1:Channel protection ring E C F D G J Ring 2:Channel protection ring H I Channel selection switch Protection path Working path Figure 3-40 Interconnection service protection among PP rings 4.
thus it needs no protocol.. At the receiving end. Working SNC Subnetwork 1 STM-4 ADM SNC start point Protection SNC TM ADM Subnetwork 2 TM ADM STM-4 ADM SNC end point ADM ADM .. With the in-house developed and highly integrated SDH integrated chips with complete functions.. Switching usually takes the single-end switching mode. .... OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM As shown in Figure 3-41...Configuration and Networking chain networks... The protected subnetworks can further result from the lower level subnetwork connections and concatenated link connections. The service layer completes the defect detecting process.. ADM ... at the receiving end of the subnetwork connection. SNC/N protects the service layer against faults and the client layer against failure and deterioration.. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) has very powerful higher and lower order cross-connect and overhead processing abilities... or when its performance deteriorates to a certain level.. the signal from the protection subnetwork connection is selected according to the preference selection rule.. It is able to achieve the high-order and low-order SNCP: Sending the services simultaneously to the working subnetwork connections and protection subnetwork connection by means of the broadcasting function of cross matrices. Services are simultaneously sent on both the working and protection subnetwork connection.. The protection handling process and the defect detecting processing are realized on two adjacent layers... Figure 3-41 Schematic diagram of the subnetwork connections Supervision on subnetwork connection can be in two modes: Inherent supervision (SNC/I) and Non-interfering supervision (SNC/N).. SNCP uses the 1+1 protection scheme... TM ADM ADM ADM ADM . .. When the working subnetwork connection fails. network elements choose whether the working or the protection subnetwork connections to do the 3-52 . and sends the status message to the client layer in the form of the service layer signal failure (SSF) messages. and ring networks.
corresponding protection schemes can be set.841. From this point of view. 1:N or 1+1 protection scheme) will be exclusively set for the logical systems with MS protection attributes. but is not enough. the HPC or LPC function does the LO/HO SNC switching. The division is to divide the network path resources by logical system unit as required by users and have path re-combination logically. The ATM-layer protection is still necessary. As for the meshed networking mode. they are made into combinations of many paths logically. MSP. The paths belonging to other logical systems will not be involved in the path switchover in MS switching. That is why the VP Ring protection scheme is introduced. and that of MSP ring is based on the fiber paths. and each effect the service adding/dropping of path rings. Furthermore. such as PP. That is. Shared fiber virtual path protection involves division of the optical path logically. 6.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM receiving according to the status of the working subnetwork connection and the protection subnetwork connection. and NP. Moreover. but taken as the combination of a number of path-layer ADMs. In this case. for example. Huawei has developed the protection mechanism ideally suitable for the complicated networks at the access side. 5. but only on the paths set by users. and the system can ensure that the switching time of such multiple SNCPs to be less than 50ms. As for the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) at the crossing of meshes. The logical systems with MS protection attributes will be protected separately. the mesh network can be considered as the addition of ring networks comprising multiple paths. in view of the loops at path layer. the protection for ring networks is based on higher-order or lower-order paths. or even STM-1 into multiple lower-order or higher-order paths. Thus. The service of other stations on the 3-53 . Huawei supports a ring network mode protection based on the path layer. SNCP. taking the advantages of the features of OptiX series products and the proprietary SDH cross-connect chip. as they cannot be detached into a series of optical ring networks. VP Ring Protection (1) Protected objects The ATM services can still be protected by the conventional SDH-layer protection scheme. the MS protection (for example. If the single path on the ring is protected. definitely they fail to enjoy satisfactory protection schemes. an STM-16 or STM-4. it is easier to implement the protection of the mesh network. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) not only meets Recommendation G. At the crossing optical paths of meshes. but in most cases. Huawei put forward a concept of logical system based division in order to implement path-layer-based MS protection. Each logical system uses an exclusive protection mechanism. and then make loop re-combination at path layer with other links respectively. its ADM mode is no longer based on optical paths completely. In view of such a design concept of loop division based on paths. namely the shared fiber virtual path protection. The protection mechanism of PP ring network and SNCP is based on the path layer. Shared Fiber Virtual Path Protection The SDH network protection mechanism specified by ITU-T is primarily based on ring networks. it allows the switching of multiple SNCP.
But. For the failures of optical path and the SDH layer. (2) VP Ring protection 3-54 . To solve such problems.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM ring will be influenced in case transmission at the ATM layer fails. the VP Ring protection scheme of the ATM layer can be introduced. such failures may probably impact the services of other related sites. At each site. it can have two-fiber rings). the cross-connect processing at SDH layer is performed to groom the bandwidth (STM-1) where the ATM shared services are located to the ATM layer. ATM Layer SDH Layer ATM Layer SDH Layer SDH Layer ATM Layer SDH Layer ATM Layer Figure 3-42 VP Ring implementation As shown in Figure 3-42 (for the sake of simplicity. in actual use. the services are indicated in single-fiber rings. when the SDH layer cannot implement effective monitoring. forwarded to downstream sites to enable the bandwidth sharing. And at the ATM layer. the ATM services take the point-to-point-forwarding mode to complete the service sharing. for the ATM layer failure. the services from upstream sites will be blended/merged with local services. the protection at the SDH layer will be applied. This brings up the problem of protection.
500ms being the minimum). the VP Ring protection switching will be triggered: a) Operator control (for example. that is to make an overall protection available by connecting multiple VPs/VCs as a group. In case of failure. not protected. The chances of protecting the failures at physical layer only are not eliminated. Individual VP protection refers to the end-to-end connection of the individual VP protection or one section of connection used as service entity and protection entity. which will help minimize the bandwidth necessary for protection. Such mode can also be used to protect the failures both at the ATM layer and the physical layer. (3) The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) VP Ring protection implementation Currently the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) provides the VC/VP/VPG 1+1 linear protection. VPG protection mainly functions to recover the faults of then physical layer and to protect the ATM layer. the ATM layer function will be delayed in its startup. manual switching. the VP-AIS cell will be transmitted to relevant sites as soon as possible. when the SF or SD alarm is detected. Individual VP protection switching is mainly used in cases where protection is not available at service layer. as shown in Figure 3-43. When the AIS status goes on for X seconds (X number to be between 4 to 10 seconds. VPG protection functions to accelerate the ATM layer protection switching (to reach the rate of protection switching at SDH layer). the ATM layer protection switching will be started. the transmission layer protection and the ATM layer protection need to be coordinated for troubleshooting. It is implemented by detecting the signal quality in the receive end and uses the ‘dual fed signal selection’ mode. VPG protection can be used in combination with individual VP. 3-55 . In the following cases. The VP Ring protection falls into individual VP protection and group VP protection (VPG). Group protection refers to a logical VPG comprising one or more connected VPs. which requires high reliability in the VPC needs to be protected and other sections can be left. which can be applied in any physical topology. The implementation of the ATM protection switching may be 1+1 or M:N. Sometimes. In the relevant destination of protection domain. and adopts the service and protection paths similar to the SDH path protection. The preserved protection resources include the routes and the bandwidth. VP Ring protection switching is a protection mechanism by taking advantage of the preserved protection resources. forced switching and locked protection) b) SF detected c) SD detected d) WTR timeout In the ATM layer.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The ATM layer VP Ring protection switching uses the theories and features of the SDH APS protection switching. a certain section. which performs protection switching at the unit of group.
When fault occurs to the primary ring. the corresponding invalidity information will be detected at the receiving end and protection will be started to adjust the received traffic onto the protection paths to achieve the protection over ATM services. two connections (service path and protection path) are established. 3-56 . However. The protection schemes at different layers require collaboration to ensure reliable protection. (4) The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) VP Ring layered protection For the network invalidity of different levels. the layered protection brings about the complexity in protection coordination. the layered protection becomes a must. transmit-end chooses the services to be transmitted by service path.Configuration and Networking AC CA OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM P1 P1 A D C S1 S1 B CA AC (a) AC CA Switching P1 P1 A D C S1 S1 B CA AC Switching (b) Figure 3-43 Illustration of ATM layer VP/VPG 1+1 protection The ATM services between nodes A and C. which can ensure the quickest and the most secure protection scheme for services. VP/VPG. In normal cases.
Thus. the point-to-point PDH services and Ethernet transparent transmission services do not involve the problems of bandwidth-sharing. For the ATM services. as illustrated in Figure 3-44. protection of the SDH layer will be started directly.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM In the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). which further improves the system security. with the adoption of the point-to-point-forwarding bandwidth sharing mode. is a supplement to subnetwork connection protection (SNCP) and path protection (PP) that have been supported. In the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). the protection at the ATM layer. In this way.. While. Time delay Service recovery? Y No start N Start SDH layer protection Start ATM layer protection Start ATM layer failure ATM cell loss. ATM cell bit error). which provides multiple protection trails for services by sending multiple services from the service source and receiving selected services at the service sink. the ATM layer protection scheme is directly started as the SDH layer fails to detect such alarm information to ensure the quick startup of the protection switching. both the SDH and the ATM layers protection are involved. Figure 3-44 Implementation of layered protection 7. the merits of the SDH layer such as quickness and security are guaranteed and at the same time. the delayed mode will be used. SDH layer failure LOS/LOF/B1/B2.. For such alarms that may be detected at the SDH layer as LOS caused by fiber invalidity. the perfect SDH protection schemes can be availed. If it fails.. the ATM layer protection will be started. the ATM layer protection will be cancelled. it is complimented by the SDH layer protection. and the PP can protect the line-to-tributary services only... + ATM layer failure ATM cell loss. 3-57 .. such modes as ‘bottom-to-top’ and ‘layered’ delay are used to enable the coordination of layered protection. the service source and service sink can be in either the line direction or the tributary direction. In case the SDH protection succeeds. Subnetwork Connection Multi-trail Protection (SNCMP) The SNCMP function. In the case of multi-trail protection. For the invalidity at ATM layer (for example. The SNCP can protect the line-to-line services only.
as shown in Figure 3-47. the working and protection trails of SNCMP. Station C receives services from the higher level protection trail “Protection 1”. and then the service sink judges the priorities of the received services and selects the desired ones to receive according to their quality. In normal cases. of which the second protection trail “Protection 2” uses micro services as the transmission media. 3-58 . C D Protection 1 B A Working Microwave Radio Protection 2 Microwave Radio Figure 3-46 SNCMP networking When the transmission between Stations A and B fails. station C receives services from the working trail. A Working B Service sink Sevice source Protection 1 Protection 2 Protection 3 Intermediate subnet Intermediatesubnet Figure 3-45 Principle of SNCMP As shown in Figure 3-46. the service sink receives services of the working trail. The service source broadcasts services to multiple service routes.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The principle of SNCMP is as shown in Figure 3-45. When both the working and protection trails receive services correctly.
Station C receives services from the second protection trail “Protection 2”.Configuration and Networking OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C D Protection 1 B Working A Microwave Radio Protection 2 Microwave Radio Figure 3-47 SNCMP service flow direction (single fault point) When the transmissions between Stations A and B and between Stations A and D fail at the same time. as shown in Figure 3-48. C D Protection 1 B Working A Microwave Radio Protection 2 Microwave Radio Figure 3-48 SNCMP service flow direction (multiple fault points) 3-59 .
subracks.1 Overview The mechanical structure of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) includes cabinet.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 4 Mechanical Structure 4. The circuit boards are inserted into a subrack to configure various types of network elements. fan box. 4-1 . The cabinet holds various types of subracks. and power supply frames. circuit boards.
Installation screw holes are evenly distributed on the vertical brackets of the rack in an interval of 25 mm. Cabinet specifications: 2000 mm (height) x 600 mm (height) x 600 mm (height) (87 kg) 2200 mm (height) x 600 mm (height) x 600 mm (height) (95 kg) 2600 mm (height) x 600 mm (height) x 600 mm (height) (105 kg) The cabinet consists of rack. there are cable supports used to lay cables. top cover. as shown in Figure 4-1.Mechanical Structure OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 4.2 Cabinet Structure OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) uses standard ETSI cabinets that comply with the ETS 300-119-3 standards. 4-2 . Both the front door and the rear door can be opened. The skeleton supports and holds all components. and side panels. The distance between the cabinet and the wall shall be at least 600 mm. On both sides of the cabinet. but their places of the subracks are adjustable up or down inside the cabinet. All types of subracks are fixed by such screw holes. doors.
Mechanical Structure OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1. Vertical bracket 3. Rear door 2. Slide rail Figure 4-1 The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) cabinet structure 4-3 . Cover plate of power box 5. Front door 4. Side panel 6.
The back view of the subrack is shown in Figure 4-3. LPSW. IU2 3.Mechanical Structure OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 4. The rear compartment is the cable connecting area. The subrack consists of three parts. IUP 18. The front compartment is used to accommodate XCS. Grounding hole 6. The front view of the subrack is shown in Figure 4-2. The power supply and the serial ports are within the rear compartment. and the net weight of each subrack is 27 kg. S16. IU5 11. IU8 15.3 Subrack Structure The dimensions of an OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack is 668 mm(height) x 530 mm(width) x 542 mm (depth). SCC 16. IU6 13. and other boards. IU1/P 2. 1. E75S. IU10 17. IU12 Figure 4-2 The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack structure (front view) 4-4 . The wiring area is for the routing and management of optical fibers. Fiber clamp 19. XCS 14. IU3 8. IU4 5. IU11 7. IU7 10. XCS 9. SCC. IU9 12. and other boards. Jack for antistatic wrist strap 4. accommodating E75B.
LTU11 12. Binding-wire support 8. LTU1/FB2 Figure 4-3 The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) subrack structure (back view) 4-5 . LTU2 5. PBU 9. SFU 2.Mechanical Structure OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 1. Binding-wire pole 7. PIU 15. LTU4 3. LTU3 4. FB1/LPDR 10. LTU10 13. Hanger 6. LTU12 11. LTU9 14.
it is automatically powered on. FAN board 4-6 . 8PIN connector 2. it is automatically powered off. as shown in Figure 4-4. The fan box is able to suppress the surge current in hot swapping and therefore supports the hot swappable mode.4 Fan Box The fan box consists of fan and air filter. Indicator 4. Fan Figure 4-4 Fan box 3. When the fan box is drawn out. When it is inserted. Air filter 5.Mechanical Structure OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM 4. 1.
1 Levels of SDH The bit rate of the first SDH level is 155520 kbit/s. 16. See Table A-1. Frame Structure. Table A-1 SDH/SONET transmission rates SDH STM-1 STM-4 STM-16 STM-64 STS-N OC-N STM-N Electrical signal STS-3 SONET Optical signal OC-3 OC-12 OC-48 OC-192 Synchronous Transport Signal Level-N Optical Carrier Level-N Synchronous Transport Module Level-N A-1 . and Overhead Bytes A Bit rate (kbit/s) 155520 622080 2488320 9953280 A.). Signals of higher levels can be generated by interleaving N signals at the first level (N= 4..OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM A Multiplexing Structure..
16.. and Overhead Bytes OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM A. 4. Frame Structure.Multiplexing Structure..) Pointer processing Path overhead processing Code rate justification TU-11 VC-11 The multiplexing mapping structure of the OptiX Metro 3100 Mapping Alignment Multiplexing Figure A-1 Multiplexing structure A-2 . x 1 x 1 STM-16 AUG-16 x 4 AUG-4 x 4 AUG-1 x 3 AU-4-16c VC-4-16c C-4-16c STM-4 x 1 x 1 AU-4-4c VC-4-4c C-4-4c STM-1 x 1 x 1 AU-4 VC-4 x 3 TUG-3 x 1 C-4 139264 kbit/s TU-3 VC-3 AU-3 VC-3 x 7 TUG-2 x 1 x 3 x 4 TU-12 VC-12 TU-2 44736 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s C-3 6312 kbit/s VC-2 C-2 2048 kbit/s C-12 VC-Trunk 10/100 M 1544 kbit/s C-11 Section overhead processing N grade multiplexing (N=1.2 Multiplexing Structure The multiplexing of various services by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) and the multiplexing modes are shown in Figure A-1...
Frame Structure.3 Basic Frame Structure The frame structure of an SDH frame is shown in Figure A-2.Multiplexing Structure. 270 x N columns (byte) 9 x N columns (byte) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Multiplexer Section overhead M SOH Administration Unit pointer AU-PTR Generator section overhead RSO H Higher-order path overhead P O H 261 x N columns (byte) Transmission direction STM-N Payload 9 rows Frame n-1 Frame n Frame n+1 Information code flow 9 x 270 x N columns (byte) Frame cycle 125µs Scrambler: X7+X6+1 T=125µ s Figure A-2 SDH frame structure A-3 . and Overhead Bytes OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM A.
4. A-4 . Frame Structure.4.4 SOH A. and Overhead Bytes OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM A.2 STM-4 SOH The structure of STM-4 SOH is shown in Figure A-4. 9 columns ∗ A1 A1 A1 A2 A2 A2 J0 B1 D1 E1 D2 F1 D3 RSOH ∗ 9 rows Administrative unit pointer (s) B2 B2 B2 D4 D7 D11 S1 K1 D5 D8 D12 K2 D6 D9 D12 M1 E2 MSOH Reserved for national use ∗ Unscrambled bytes Bytes related to transmission media Note: All non-marked bytes are reserved for future international standard use Figure A-3 STM-1 SOH A.1 STM-1 SOH The structure of STM-1 section overhead (SOH) is shown in Figure A-3.Multiplexing Structure.
Frame Structure and Overhead Bytes of OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) 36 bytes * * * * A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 J0 Z0 Z0 Z0 B1 D 1 E1 D 2 Administration Unit pointer AU-PTR (H1. H2. H3) F1 D3 * * * OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM * * * * RSOH 9 rows B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 K1 D4 D7 D 10 S1 D5 D8 D 11 M 1 Reserved for national use * K2 D6 D9 D12 E2 MSOH Unscrambled bytes Note: All non-marked bytes are reserved for future international standard use Figure A-4 STM-4 SOH A-5 .Multiplexing Structure.
A1=F6H.4. A2 B1 B2 D1. A2=28H Regenerator section bit error monitoring BIP-8 Multiplexer section bit error monitoring BIP-24×N Regenerator section DCC path. Frame Structure. D3 D4–D12 E1 Description Framing bytes. 144 rows A1 B1 D1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A1 A2 E1 D1 Administrative Unit Pointer (s) B1 D4 D7 D10 S1 Z1 Z1 Z1 Z1 Z1 B2 B2 B2 B2 B2 K1 D5 D8 D11 Z2 Z2 Z2 Z2 Z2 Z2 K2 D6 D9 D12 E2 A2 A2 A2 A2 A2 J0 F1 D3 Z0 * * * * * Bytes reserved for national use Z2 M1 … Z2 Z2 * Unscrambled bytes Note: All unmarked bytes are reserved for futureintemational additional national use and other purposes) ZO: TO be determined by future international standard standardization(for media dependent. 192 kbit/s Multiplexer section DCC path.3 STM-16 SOH The structure of STM-16 SOH is shown in Figure A-5. 576 kbit/s Regenerator section orderwire bytes 64 kbit/s A-6 . D2.4 SOH Byte Table A-2 Description of SOH byte Byte A1.4.Multiplexing Structure. Figure A-5 STM-16 SOH A. and Overhead Bytes OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM A.
Multiplexing Structure. Frame Structure. K2 M1 S1 Others OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Description Multiplexer section orderwire bytes 64 kbit/s Data/Voice channel provided by the network Administration unit pointer Management unit pointer adjustment byte Regenerator section trace byte Multiplexer section automatic protection switching (APS) byte Multiplexer section remote error indication Synchronization status byte: S1(b5–b8) To be determined in the future A-7 . H2 H3 J0 K1. and Overhead Bytes Byte E2 F1 H1.
Frame Structure.5. The VC-4 POH is located in the first column of the (9-row by 261-column) VC-4 structure. signal label and path status Lower-order path trace (access point identifier) Network operator Automatic protection switching (APS) path and lower-order path remote error indication A-8 .5.2 Lower-order POH VC-12 POH Bytes Table A-4 Description of VC-12 POH bytes V5 J2 N2 K4 Lower-order path error checking. and Overhead Bytes OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM A.Multiplexing Structure. The VC-4-xc POH is located in the first column of the (9-row by 261*X-column) VC-4-Xc structure.5 POH A.1 Higher-order POH VC-3/VC-4/VC-4-xc POH Bytes Table A-3 Description of VC-3/VC-4/VC-4-xc path overhead (POH) bytes J1 B3 C2 G1 F2 H4 F3 K3 N1 Higher-order path trace byte Higher-order path BIP-8 error monitoring byte Higher-order path signal label byte Path status byte Higher-order path user channel byte Multiframe position indicator for payloads Higher-order path user channel byte Automatic protection switching (APS) channel Network operator Note: The VC-3 POH is located in the first column of the (9-row by 85-column) VC-3 structure. A.
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM B ATM Cell Structure B. 8 Header (5 bytes) 7 6 5 4 3 VPI VCI 2 1 8 7 6 5 4 VPI 3 2 1 GFC VPI VCI VPI VCI VCI Payload (48 bytes) VCI PT HEC CLP VCI PT HEC CLP ATM cell UNI cell structure NNI cell structure GFC: Generic Flow Control PT: Payload Type Identifier Figure B-1 ATM cell structure VPI: Virtual Path Identifier CLP: Cell Loss Priority VCI: Virtual Channel Identifier HEC: Header Error Control B-1 .1 ATM Cell Structure The ATM cell structure is shown in Figure B-1.
2048 kHz Administration. 34368 kbit/s. Table C-1 Types of interface Type of interface ATM interface Ethernet interface Interface rates and features 155520 kbit/s (single-mode/multimode) 10/100Base-T autosensing. 155520 kbit/s 155520 kbit/s. 139264 kbit/s.1 Types of Interface The types of interface provided by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are listed in Table C-1. SHDSL 2048 kbit/s. 2488320 kbit/s N x 4 K. Frame E1. 44736 kbit/s. 100 Base-FX (single-mode/multimode). 2048 kbit/s. orderwire and data interfaces SDH/PDH electrical interface SDH optical interface DDN interface Timing interface Auxiliary interface C-1 . 622080 kbit/s. 155520 kbit/s. 1000Base-SX/LX (single-mode/multimode) 1544 kbit/s.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C Features C.
1.Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C. L-16.2 C.2.2. L-1. U-16. Table C-5 Types of PDH electrical interface Transmission rate 1544 kbit/s Code type B8ZS code.1 ATM Interface The types of ATM interface are listed in Table C-2.1. I-1. S-4.2. Ve-4.1. S-1. Table C-2 Types of ATM interface Type of interface Optical interface (LC/PC) Interface rates and features 155520 kbit/s (single-mode/multimode) C. 1000Base-SX/LX (single-mode/multi-mode) C. L-18.104.22.168.703. S-16.2. Table C-4 Types of SDH optical interface STM-1 optical interface STM-4 optical interface STM-16 optical interface Ie-1. Ie-4 I-16.4 PDH and SDH Electrical Interfaces The types of PDH and SDH electrical interfaces provided by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are all in compliance with the ITU-T Recommendation G.2. AMI code Transmission line pair 100 Ω balanced wire C-2 . V-16. L-4. S-16.1.2. as shown in Table C-5. L-16.1.3 SDH Optical Interface The types of SDH optical interface are listed in Table C-4. Le-16. Table C-3 Types of Ethernet interface Type of interface Electrical interface (RJ-45) Optical interface (LC/PC) Optical interface (SC) Interface rates and features 10/100Base-T autosensing 100Base-FX (single-mode/multi-mode).1. L-1.1.2 Ethernet Interface The types of Ethernet interface are listed in Table C-3.1.
75 Ω cable unbalanced 75 Ω unbalanced cable 75 Ω unbalanced cable 75 Ω unbalanced cable 75 Ω unbalanced cable C. C-3 .2 Access 8 x Frame E1s V. SHDSL interface Access 2 x SHDSL signals.35 In compliance with ITU-T Recommendation V.35 interface V. N x 64 kbit/s interface X.704.21 interface RS-449 interface RS-530 interface RS-530A interface 3. with the max. and the frame structure complies with ITU-T Recommendation G.1.Features Transmission rate 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s 139264 kbit/s 155520 kbit/s OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Code type HDB3 code HDB3 code B3ZS code CMI code CMI code Transmission line pair 120 Ω balanced cable (twisted pair cable). Table C-6 DDN interface type Interface type 1.21 In compliance with EIA RS-449 (RS-423A and RS-422A) In compliance with EIA RS-530 In compliance with EIA RS-530A In compliance with ITU-T Recommendation G. In compliance with ITU-T Recommendation V. Frame E1 interface Interface description Standard The physical and electrical characteristics comply with ITU-T Recommendation G. They comply with the ITU-T recommendations.24 interface 2. transmission distance of 3000 m.5 DDN Interface Type The interface type of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is listed in Table C-6.703.24 In compliance with ITU-T Recommendation X.991.
703 § 6) or 2048 kHz (G.7 Auxiliary Interface The types of auxiliary interface provided by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are shown in Table C-8.703 § 10).1. 75 Ω C.Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C. four RS422/RS232 optional interfaces.703 § 10). 75 Ω 2 outputs. 2048 kbit/s (G.6 Clock Interface The clock interface features of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are shown in Table C-7. 2048 kbit/s (G.1. C-4 . Table C-7 Characteristics of Clock interface External synchronization source Synchronized outputs 2 inputs.703 § 6) or 2048 kHz (G. Table C-8 Auxiliary interfaces Administration interface Orderwire telephone interface Data interface Ethernet 3 two-line (2 W) orderwire telephone interfaces One F1 concurrent data interface.
The cross connection capacity provided by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is shown in Table C-9.3 Cross-Connection and Access Capacity The maximum SDH cross connection capacity of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is 128 x 128 VC-4. C. TM or REG. Table C-9 SDH cross-connection capacity XCS Access capacity Cross-connect capacity Cross-connect category Method of cross-connection 96 x STM-1 HO: 128 x 128 VC-4 LO: 2016 x 2016 VC-12 VC-4/VC-3/VC-12 In any mode between the interfaces XCL 32 x STM-1 HO: 48 x 48 VC-4 LO: 1008 x 1008 VC-12 VC-4/VC-3/VC-12 In any mode between the interfaces C-5 .Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C.2 Types of Applications This equipment can be configured as ADM.
Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C.4 Power Source Requirements Voltage: –48 V/–60 V +/– 20%DC C.5 W 16 W 14 W 25 W 20 W 40 W 23 W 30 W(with EMT8) 40 W 40 W 12 W 20 W 34 W Type of board SL1 SD1 SQ1 SL4 SD4 S16 AL1 ET1 COA SPQ4 DM12 EMF4 EGT2 EMT8 EMF8 LPDR AOQ1 EIPC EFS0 Power consumption (W) 10 W 12 W 18 W 14 W 21 W 37 W 25 W 25 W 5W 23 W 15 W 8W 25 W 6W 14 W 10 W 6W 5 W/30 W (switching state) 32 W C-6 .5 Power Consumption of Boards Type of board XCS XCL SCC PD1 PQ1 PM1 PQM PL3 PQ3 SDE SQE TDA DX1 EGT EFT BA2 BPA AOO1 FAN EMS1 Power consumption (W) 33 W 20 W 13 W 15 W 23 W 18 W 22 W 7.
6 Mechanical Structure The mechanical structural details of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are shown in Table C-10.3 kg (2600 mm high) 27 kg C-7 . 101 kg (2200 mm high).Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C. Table C-10 Mechanical structural details Cabinet dimensions (ETSI standard cabinet) Subrack dimensions Cabinet weight Unequipped subrack weight 2000 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm (depth) 2200 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm (depth) 2600 mm (height) x 600 mm (width) x 600 mm (depth) 668 mm (height) x 530 mm (width) x 542 mm (depth) 92 kg (2000 mm high). 112.
Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C. as shown in Table C-11. Table C-11 Electromagnetic compatibility Radiated emission Conducted emission Electrostatic discharge Inject current immunity Immunity to radiated electromagnetic fields EN55022 compliant EN55022 compliant EN61000-4-2 compliant ENV50141 compliant ENV50140 compliant C-8 .7 EMC The electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) complies with ETS300386 and ETS300127.
Table C-12 Environmental indices Sea level elevation Air pressure Temperature Relative humidity Earthquake-proof performance ≤ 4000 m 70–106 kPa 0°C–40°C 10%–90% Capable of resisting 7–9 Richter scale earthquake C.Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C.1 Environmental Index The environmental indices required by the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are listed in Table C-12. C.8 Environmental Requirements The following ITU-T Recommendations are taken as the reference for framing the environment requirements.8. GF 014-95: room.2 Partly temperature-controlled locations. Environment conditions for the communication equipment ETS 300 019-1-3: Class 3. NEBS GR-63-CORE: Network Equipment-Building System (NEBS) requirement: Physical protection.8. Climate Table C-13 Climate requirement Item Sea level elevation Air pressure Temperature Temperature change rate Relative humidity Range ≤ 5000 m 70–106 kPa –40°C to +70°C ≤ 1°C/min 10%–100% C-9 .2 Environment for Storage 1.
Biological Environment Propagation of fungi and mould fungi should be suppressed. let alone water entering into the packing boxes. Table C-14 Concentration requirements for mechanical active substances Mechanical active substance Suspending dust Precipitable dust Gravel Content ≤ 5. mice). the following four conditions should be met at the same time: The packing boxes are intact.Features Item Solar radiation Heat radiation Air speed OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Range ≤ 1120 W/s² ≤ 600 W/s² ≤ 30 m/s 2. such as near the auto firefighting and heating facilities. The packing boxes are not directly exposed to the sun. (3) If the equipment is required to be stored outdoors. The concentration of the mechanical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table C-14.00 mg/m³ ≤ 20. 3. Necessary rainproof measures should have been taken to prevent rainwater from entering the packing boxes. No rodent animals (for example. There is no water on the ground where the packing boxes are stored. where there is no water on the floor and no water leakage on the packing boxes of the equipment. Waterproof Requirement (1) Equipment storage requirements at the customer site: Generally the equipment is stored indoors. 4. electricity. (2) The equipment should not be stored in places where leakage is probable. Air Cleanness No explosion-conducting.0 mg/m²·h ≤ 300 mg/m³ C-10 . and magnetic conductive and corrosive dust are allowed.
Table C-15 Concentration requirements for chemical active substances Chemical active substance SO2 H2S NO2 NH3 Cl2 HCl HF O3 Content ≤ 0. Static load: The downward pressure borne by the packaged equipment piled in a specified way.30 mg/m³ ≤ 0.01 mg/m³ ≤ 0.10 mg/m³ ≤ 0. C-11 .05 mg/m³ 5.10 mg/m³ ≤ 0.0 mm 2–9 Hz Collision response spectrum II Static load ≤ 20. generated by the equipment at the strike of a specified collision.Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM The concentration of the chemical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table C-15.10 mg/m³ ≤ 0. Mechanical Stress Table C-16 Requirement for mechanical stress Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub-item Displacement Accelerated speed Frequency range Range ≤ 7.50 mg/m³ ≤ 1. Collision response spectrum II implies the duration of the semisinusoidal collision response spectrum is 6ms.00 mg/m³ ≤ 0.0 m/s² 9–200 Hz ≤ 250 m/s² ≤ 5 kPa Astable collision Note: Collision response spectrum: A response curve of the highest accelerated speed.
There is no water in the means of transportation. Necessary rainproof measures should be taken for the means of transport to prevent rainwater from entering the packing boxes. The concentration of the mechanical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table C-18.Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM C. electricity and magnetic conductive. and corrosive dust are allowed. Waterproof Requirement The following conditions should be met during the transportation: The packing boxes are intact. No rodent animals (for example. Biological Environment Propagation of fungi and mould fungi should be suppressed. C-12 .3 Transportation Environment 1. Climate Table C-17 Climate requirement Item Sea level elevation Air pressure Temperature Temperature change rate Relative humidity Solar radiation Heat radiation Air speed Range ≤ 5000 m 70–106 kPa –40°C to +70°C ≤ 3°C/min 10%–100% ≤ 1120 W/s² ≤ 600 W/s² ≤ 30 m/s 2.8. 3. mice). Air Cleanness No explosion-conducting. 4.
10 mg/m³ ≤ 0.05 mg/m³ C-13 .0 mg/m²·h ≤ 100 mg/m³ The concentration of the chemical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table C-19. Table C-19 Concentration requirements for chemical active substances Chemical active substance SO2 H2S NO2 NH3 Cl2 HCl HF O3 Content ≤ 0.Features OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Table C-18 Concentration requirements for mechanical active substances Mechanical active substance Suspending dust Precipitable dust Gravel Content No requirement.10 mg/m³ ≤ 0. ≤ 3.50 mg/m³ ≤ 1.10 mg/m³ ≤ 0.01 mg/m³ ≤ 0.30 mg/m³ ≤ 0.00 mg/m³ ≤ 0.
Climate Table C-21 Requirement for temperature and humidity Equipment name Temperature Long-term operation 0°C to 40°C Short-term operation -5°C to 45°C Relative humidity Long-term operation 10% to 90% Short-term operation 5% to 95% Note: The temperature and humidity values are those obtained 1. generated by the equipment at the strike of a specified collision.0 m/s² 200–500 Hz 1 m²/s³ 200–500 Hz Random vibration Astable collision Collision response spectrum II Static load Note: Collision response spectrum: A response curve of the highest accelerated speed.0 m/s² 9–200 Hz 3 m²/s³ 9–200 Hz ≤ 300 m/s² ≤ 10 kPa ≤ 40. and the operating time accumulated in one year does not exceed 15 days. Static load: The downward pressure borne by the packaged equipment piled in a specified way. Collision response spectrum II implies the duration of the semisinusoidal collision response spectrum is 6ms. Mechanical Stress Table C-20 Requirement for mechanical stress OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub-item Displacement Accelerated speed Frequency range Accelerated speed spectral density Frequency range ≤ 7.4 Operation Environment 1. C-14 .Features 5.5 mm 2–9 Hz 10 m²/s³ 2–9 Hz Range ≤ 20. Short-term operation means the consecutive operating time of the equipment does not exceed 96 hours.4 m ahead the equipment.5 m above the floor and 0.8. C.
Features Table C-22 Other climate requirements OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Item Sea level elevation Air pressure Temperature change rate Solar radiation Heat radiation Air speed Range ≤ 4000 m 70–106 kPa ≤ 5°C/h ≤ 700 W/s² ≤ 600 W/s² ≤ 1 m/s 2. Table C-23 Concentration requirements for mechanical active substances Mechanical active substance Dust particle Suspending dust Precipitable dust Gravel Content ≤ 3 x 105 particles/m³ ≤ 0. mice). 3. electricity and magnetic conductive.20 mg/m³ ≤ 0. and corrosive dust are allowed.4 mg/m³ ≤ 15 mg/m²·h ≤ 100 mg/m³ The concentration of the chemical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table C-24. Air Cleanness No explosion-conducting.05 mg/m³ C-15 . No rodent animals (for example. The concentration of the mechanical active substances complies with the requirements listed in Table C-23. Table C-24 Concentration requirements for chemical active substances Chemical active substance SO2 H2S NH3 Content ≤ 0. Biological Environment Propagation of fungi and mould fungi should be suppressed.006 mg/m³ ≤ 0.
0 mg/m³ 4. Collision response spectrum II implies the duration of the semisinusoidal collision response spectrum is 6ms. C-16 .01 mg/m³ ≤ 0. Mechanical Stress Table C-25 Requirement for mechanical stress Item Sinusoidal vibration Sub-item Displacement Accelerated speed Frequency range Range ≤ 3. (2) Static load: The downward pressure borne by the packaged equipment piled in a specified way.5 mm 2–9 Hz ≤ 10.0 m/s² 9–200 Hz ≤100 m/s² 0 Astable collision Note: Collision response spectrum II Static load (1) Collision response spectrum: A response curve of the highest accelerated speed. generated by the equipment at the strike of a specified collision.10 mg/m³ ≤ 0.01 mg/m³ ≤ 0.005 mg/m³ ≤ 5.Features Chemical active substance Cl2 HCl HF O3 CO OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Content ≤ 0.
Optical Interface Classification Different optical transmitter powers and receiver sensitivities may lead to different possible transmission distances.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D Major Specifications D.1 Performance Specifications of Optical Interface D. The categorization of optical interfaces is shown in Table D-1.1. D-1 .1 SDH Optical Interface Parameters 1.
652 1550 G.652 Inter-office communication Short distance Long distance 1310 G.3 L-16.1 S-16.652 ≤2 I-1 / AF-UNI011-047 I-4 up to 15 S-1.1 up to 80 L-1.2 S-16. Table D-3 and Table D-4.1 S-4.2 L-4.1 L-16.652 1310 G.1 L-4.3 *Note: "Transmission distance" is used for categorization rather than normalization.3 STM-4 STM-16 S-4. D-2 .Major Specifications Table D-1 Optical interface classification codes OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Application Nominal wavelength (nm) Fiber type Transmission distance (km)* STM-1 STM level Ie-1 Intra-office 1310 Mutlimode optical fiber G. Interface Parameters The specifications of various types of optical interface parameters are given in Table D-2.2 Le-16.652 G.2 L-1. 2.1 S-1.652 1550 G.2 L-4.2 L-16.2 up to 40 L-1.
discrete reflection coefficient between points S–R Unit kbit/s Ie-1 nm 1260– 1360 LED nm nm dB dBm –14 –14 80 AF-UNI011-047 1270– 1380 LED 200 Numerical value 155520 I-1 1260–1360 MLM 40 LED 80 S-1.2 8.7 L-1. dispersion Optical path features between points S–R Min.5 dB/km N/A 0–7 18 N/A 25 0–12 96 N/A 10–28 185 N/A 10– 28 N/A 20 dB N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 25 D-3 .2 1280– 1335 MLM 4 1480– 1580 SLM 1 30 –8 0 0 - - - - - - Characteristics of transmitter at point S –8 dBm –19 –20 –15 –15 –5 –5 dB 8.2 10% (no unit) 8. mean launched power Min. mean launched power Min.1 1261– 1360 MLM 7. extinction ratio Attenuation range Max.2 10 10 dB ps/nm dB 0–7 25 N/A 1. side mode suppression ratio Max. RMS bandwidth (σ) Max. –20 dB width Min. optical return loss of cable at S (including any connectors) Max.Major Specifications Table D-2 Specifications of STM-1 optical interface parameters OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Items Nominal bit rate Application code Operating wavelength range Source type Max.
sensitivity Min.Major Specifications Items Nominal bit rate Min. reflectance of the receiver measured at R OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Unit kbit/s dBm dBm dB dB –23 –13 1 N/A –29 –14 N/A –23 –8 1 N/A Numerical value 155520 –28 –8 1 N/A –34 –10 1 N/A –34 –10 1 –25 D-4 . overload point Receiver at reference point R Max. optical path penalty Max.
RMS bandwidth (σ) Characteristics of transmitter at point S Max. –20 dB width Min. extinction ratio Attenuation range Optical path features between points S–R Max.0 2 –3 10 10–24 92 20 –25 –27 –8 1 –14 L-4.1 1274– 1356 MLM 2. discrete reflection coefficient between points S–R Min. mean launched power Min.2 0–7 N/A N/A –23 –8 1 N/A Numerical value 622080 S-4. optical path penalty Max. dispersion Min.5 –8 –15 8. optical return loss of cable at S (including any connectors) Max. side mode suppression ratio Max. mean launched power Min. sensitivity Receiver at reference point R Min.Major Specifications Table D-3 Specification of STM-4 optical interface parameters OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Items Nominal bit rate Application code Operating wavelength range Source type Max. overload point Max. reflectance of the receiver measured at point R Unit kbit/s I-4 nm 1261– 1360 MLM nm nm dB dBm dBm dB dB ps/nm dB dB dBm dBm dB dB 14.2 1480– 1580 SLM <1 30 2 –3 10 10–24 1640 24 –27 –27 –8 1 –27 D-5 .2 0–12 74 N/A N/A –27 –8 1 N/A L-4.1 1300– 1325 MLM 2.5 –8 –15 8.
2 0–12 N/A 24 L-16.Major Specifications Table D-4 Specifications of STM-16 (G.2 10–24 N/A 24 L-16. reflection coefficient of receiver measured at R Unit kbit/s I-16 nm 1266– 1360 MLM nm nm dB dBm dBm dB dB ps/nm dB 40 –3 –10 8.1 1260– 1360 SLM 1 30 0 –5 8.5 –9 2 –27 D-6 .2 1500– 1580 SLM <0. optical return loss of cable at S (including any connectors) Max. sensitivity Min.2 0–12 N/A 24 Numerical value 2488320 S-16.75 30 +3 –2 8.2 10–24 1200– 1600 24 24 Le-16.957) optical interface parameters (a) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Items Nominal bit rate Application code Operating wavelength range Source type Max.1 1280– 1335 SLM 1 30 +3 –2 8. overload point Receiver at reference point R Max. discrete reflection coefficient between points S–R Min. RMS bandwidth (σ) Max.2 1530– 1560 SLM <0.75 30 +3 –2 8.2 0–7 N/A 24 S-16. side mode suppression ratio Max. mean launched power Min. optical path penalty Max.5 –9 2 –27 –27.5 –9 1 –27 –27.2 10–24 dB –27 –27 –27 –27 –27 –27 dBm dBm dB dB –18 –3 1 –27 –18 0 1 –27 –18 0 1 –27 –27. –20 dB width Characteristics of transmitter at point S Min. extinction ratio Attenuation range Max. mean launched power Min. dispersion Optical path features between points S–R Min.2 1430– 1580 SLM 1 30 0 –5 8.
mean launched power Min. mean launched power Min.2 10–24 1200– 1600 24 L-16. optical path penalty Max.2 0–12 NA L-16.5 –9 2 –27 –27.6 30 5 8. dispersion Optical path characteristics between points S–R Min. side mode suppression ratio Max.2 22–33 3200 Numerical value 2488320 S-16.5 –9 2 –27 –18 0 1 –27 –27.75 30 +3 –2 8.2 nm 1530– 1565 SLM V-16. extinction ratio Attenuation range Max. discrete reflection coefficient between points S–R Min.2 33–44 7200 dB 24 24 24 24 dB dBm dBm dB –27 –34 –18 2 –27 –27. –20 dB width Characteristics of transmitter at point S Min.2 (Type B) 1500– 1580 SLM <0. RMS bandwidth (σ) Max.5 –9 2 dB –27 –27 –27 –27 –27 D-7 .2 1530– 1565 SLM <1 30 17 14 8. reflection coefficient of receiver measured at point R Unit kbit/s U-16.Major Specifications Table D-5 Specifications of STM-16 (G.957) optical interface parameters (b) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Items Nominal bit rate Application code Operating wavelength range Source type Max. overload point Receiver at reference point R Max.2 28 2400 nm nm dB dBm dBm dB dB ps/nm <1 30 17 14 8. sensitivity Min. optical return loss of cable at S (including any connectors) Max.2 (Type A) 1430– 1580 SLM 1 30 0 –5 8.2JE (Type C) 1530– 1560 SLM <0.
mean launched power Characteristics of transmitter at point S Min. mean launched power Min.82– 1535. –20 dB width Min.61 (32 fixed wavelengths) wavelengths) wavelengths) SLM SLM 0.61 (32 fixed 1560.2 35 0 –10 10 0–12 7200 Characteristics of transmitter at point S nm nm dB dBm dBm dB dB ps/nm 0. RMS bandwidth (σ) Max. dispersion Optical path characteristics between points S–R Min. side mode suppression ratio Max.61 (32 fixed 1560.82– 1560.2 35 0 –10 10 0–7 12800 dB 24 24 24 dB dBm dBm dB –27 –25 –9 2 –27 –25 –9 2 –27 –25 –9 2 dB –27 –27 –27 D-8 . overload point Receiver at reference point R Max. optical return loss of cable at S (including any connectors) Max. sensitivity Min. extinction ratio Attenuation range Max.2 35 0 –10 10 0–12 12000 SLM 0.957) optical interface parameters (c) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Items Nominal bit rate Application code Operating wavelength range Source type Max.82– 1535. reflection coefficient of receiver measured at point R Unit Kbit/s 8 x 22 dB nm Numerical value STM-16 5 x 30 dB 2488320 3 x 33 dB 1535. optical path penalty Max.Major Specifications Table D-6 Specifications of STM-16 (G. discrete reflection coefficient between points S–R Min.
2 35 0 –10 10 0–12 12000 SLM 0.82– (32 fixed 1560.2 35 0 –10 10 0–7 12800 dB 24 24 24 dB dBm dBm dB –27 –25 –9 2 –27 –25 –9 2 –27 –25 –9 2 dB –27 –27 –27 D-9 . optical path penalty Max. sensitivity Min.61 (32 fixed 1560. side mode suppression ratio Max. mean launched power Min.61 1535.692) optical interface parameters OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Items Nominal bit rate Application code Operating wavelength range Source type Max. dispersion Optical path characteristics between points S–R Min. mean launched power Min. reflection coefficient of receiver measured at point R Unit Kbit/s Numerical value STM-16 8 x 22 dB 2488320 5 x 30 dB 3 x 33 dB nm 1535.61 (32 fixed wavelength) wavelength) wavelength) SLM SLM 0.Major Specifications Table D-7 Specifications of STM-16 (G.2 35 0 –10 10 0–12 7200 nm nm dB dBm dBm dB dB ps/nm 0. overload point Receiver at reference point R Max. optical return loss of cable at S (including any connectors) Max.82– 1535.82–1560. extinction ratio Attenuation range Max. discrete reflection coefficient between points S–R Min. –20 dB width Characteristics of transmitter at point S Min. RMS bandwidth (σ) Max.
2 U-16.1 L-4. The average transmission power specification of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-8.2 Ue-4.2 Le-16.2 V-16.1 L-1.2 S-16.1 S-4.1 L-1.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.2 Ve-4.2 L-16.2 D-10 .1 L-4.2 Mean Launched Power Average launched power is the value of the pseudo-random data serial number coupled with the transmitter to the fiber measured at the referential point ‘S'.1. Table D-8 Mean launched power STM levels Optical interface type Ie-1 I-1 Standard specs (dBm) –19 to –14 –15 to –8 –15 to –8 –5 to 0 –5 to 0 –15 to –8 –15 to –8 –3 to +2 –3 to +2 –3 to +2 +14 to +17 –5 to 0 –5 to 0 –2 to +3 –2 to +3 +5 to +7 +14 to +17 +14 to +17 Test result Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass STM-1 S-1.2 I-4 S-4.1 STM-16 L-16.1 S-16.
1 L-1. optical power level. The extinction ratio specification of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-9.2 > 10 > 10 > 10 > 10 > 8.1 S-16.1.2 L-16. Table D-9 Extinction ratio (EX) STM levels Optical interface type Ie-1 I-1 Standard specs (dB) > 8.2 D-11 .2 > 8.1 STM-16 L-16.2 > 8. or on.1 L-1.2 V-16.2 > 8. optical power level to the average high.2 > 10 Test result Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass STM-1 S-1.2 Ve-4.2 > 8.2 > 8.1 L-4.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.2 Le-16.1 STM-4 L-4.2 > 8.2 Ue-4.2 > 10 > 10 > 8.2 I-4 S-4.2 > 8.3 Extinction Ratio (EX) The extinction ratio of the SDH optical interface is the ratio of the average low. or off.2 S-16.2 U-16.2 > 8.
2 Le-16.1 L-1.2 D-12 .2 L-16.2 I-4 S-4. The receiver sensitivity specification of OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-10.1 STM-16 L-16.2 V-16.2 S-16.1 STM-4 L-4.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.2 Ve-4. Table D-10 Receiver sensitivity STM levels Optical interface type Ie-1 I-1 Standard specs (dBm) < –23 < –23 < –28 < –34 < –34 < –28 < –28 < –28 < –28 < –35 < –35 < –18 < –18 < –27 < –28 < –28 < –25 < –34 Test result Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass STM-1 S-1.1.4 Receiver Sensitivity (BER=1 x 10-10) The receiver sensitivity refers to the minimum mean optical power received at the reference point “R” for achieving the stipulated bit error rate.1 L-4.2 Ue-4.2 U-16.1 L-1.1 S-16.
Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.2 Ue-4.2 U-16.1 L-4.1 STM-4 L-4.2 D-13 .2 V-16.2 Ve-4.1. Table D-11 Receiver overload optical power STM levels Optical interface type Ie-1 I-1 Standard specs (dBm) > –13 > –8 > –8 > –10 > –10 > –8 > –8 > –8 > –8 > –18 > –18 >0 >0 > –9 > –9 > –9 > –9 > –18 Test result Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass STM-1 S-1.2 S-16.2 L-16.5 Receiver Overload Optical Power (BER=1 x 10-10) The receiver overload optical power refers to the maximum average optical power received at referential point “R” for the specified BER.1 L-1.2 I-4 S-4. The receiver overload optical power specification of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-11.1 S-16.1 L-1.2 Le-16.1 STM-16 L-16.
Table D-13 AIS rates at optical output port STM levels STM-1 STM-4 STM-16 Standard specs (ppm) ±20 ±20 ±20 Test result Pass Pass Pass D-14 .6 Allowable Frequency Deviation at Optical Input Port Since the long-term frequency stability of the internal oscillator in the Regenerator cannot be worse than ± 20 x 10-6 (20 ppm).Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.1.7 AIS Rate at Optical Output Port In case of faults such as loss of signal at the input port of the transmission equipment. The specification of AIS rate at the optical output port of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-13. The specification of allowable frequency deviation at the optical input port of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-12. AIS should be sent from the output port to the downstream nodes.1. the input port of the downstream SDH equipment should work properly with such signals. Table D-12 Allowable frequency deviation at optical input port STM levels STM-1 STM-4 STM-16 Standard specs (ppm) ±20 ±20 ±20 Test result Positive frequency Negative frequency variation variation Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass D.
2 Specifications for Electrical Interface D.2. Table D-15 Attenuation tolerance at input port Types 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s 139264 kbit/s Input attenuation tolerance (dB) specs Not specified 0–6 0–12 Not specified 0–12 Input attenuation tolerance test result Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass D-15 .1 Signal Bit Rate at Output Port It refers to the deviation between the actual output signal bit rate at the electrical interface and the nominal bit rate. The input port attenuation tolerance of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-15.2. The specifications of output port signal bit rate deviation of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-14. Table D-14 Output port signal bit rate deviation Types 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s 139264 kbit/s 155520 kbit/s Output port AIS bit rate specs (ppm) ±50 ±50 ±20 ±20 ±15 ±20 Output port AIS bit rate test result Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass D.2 Attenuation Tolerance at Input Port Cables (in compliance with the f attenuation law) connected to the equipment cause a certain degree of loss. The input port of the equipment should be able to receive the attenuated signal properly.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.
Table D-16 Allowable frequency deviation at input port Frequency (kbit/s) 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s 139264 kbit/s 155520 kbit/s Allowable input frequency deviation (ppm) Index specs ±50 ±50 ±20 ±20 ±15 ±20 Allowable input frequency deviation test result Positive Negative frequency frequency variation variation Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass D.7 Input attenuation tolerance test result Pass D.3 Allowable Frequency Deviation at Input Port The allowable frequency deviation for the input port is the maximum range of allowable input signal bit rate for the digital input port.Major Specifications Types 155520 kbit/s OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Input attenuation tolerance (dB) specs 0–12.2.2. The allowable input port frequency deviation specifications of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are given in Table D-16. Table D-17 Anti-jamming ability at input port Frequency (kbit/s) 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s Input port anti-interference capability specs ≥ 18 dB 18 dB Input port anti-interference ability test result Pass Pass D-16 . The specification of input port anti-jamming capability of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-17.4 Anti-Interference Capability at Input Port The input port is required to possess the anti-interference capability to safeguard against the electromagnetic interference on the transmission cable.
2. as shown Table D-18.5 Electrical Interface Protection Switching Time The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) supports E1/T1/E3/T3 and STM-1 electrical interface protection. Table D-18 Switching time Electrical interface type 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s 139264 kbit/s 155520 kbit/s Specs (ms) 50 50 50 50 50 50 D-17 .Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D. The switching time refers to the time the switching takes when the protection mechanism is activated.
1 Receiver sensitivity Ie-1 S-1.275) –14 (50/125µm.275) –22. launched power Min.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.1 Ie-1 Extinction ratio Nominal value Nominal value Nominal value p0: p1 p0: Optical power when the digital signal is all 0s p1: Optical power when the digital signal is all 1s Nominal value Nominal value dBm dBm dBm Max.1 % <10% Ie-1 Output jitter S-1.3 ATM Interface Specifications The specifications of the ATM interface unit comply with ATM FORUM (AF-UNI-011-047) standard. as shown in Table D-19. NA=0.5/125µm.5/125µm.15 B1 ≤0.75 B2 ≤0. Table D-19 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) ATM optical interface specification Interface parameters Optical interface type Scope Min.1 Ie-1 Overload optical power S-1.20) –15 –8 Ie-1 Optical power S-1.15 D-18 . NA = 0. value Min. launched power Unit dBm dBm Numerical value –19 (62. NA = 0. launched power Max.1 UI UI B1 ≤0.1 Max.75 B2 ≤0. value Max. launched power Ie-1 Central wavelength S-1.20) –14 (62. NA=0.5 (50/125µm. value Min. value Nominal value nm nm nm nm dBm 1380 1270 1360 1261 >–14 >–8 <–31 <–31 S-1.
value Min.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D. launched optical power Max.3z. value Max. Table D-20 Gigabit Ethernet Optical Interface Specifications Optical interface parameters Interface type 1000BASE-SX Scope Min.5 –3 770 860 1355 1270 0 –3 –17 –19 9 9 Optical power 1000BASE-LX Min. launched optical power Unit dBm dBm dBm dBm nm nm nm nm dBm dBm dBm dBm dB dB Numerical value –9.4 Ethernet Interface Specifications The optical interface specifications of the EGT board comply with IEEE 802. value Min. value Min.5 –4 –11. launched optical power 1000BASE-SX Central wavelength 1000BASE-LX 1000BASE-SX 1000BASE-LX 1000BASE-SX 1000BASE-LX 1000BASE-SX 1000BASE-LX Max. value Min. value Extinction ratio D-19 . value Max. launched optical power Max. value Min. as listed in Table D-20. value Min. value Overload optical power Receiver sensitivity Max.
The output jitter specification of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-21.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.5. The chronic phase variation specification of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-23 and Table D-24.5.5 Timing and Synchronization Specifications D. Table D-22 Clock output frequency Clock Specs (ppm) Interface 1 2 ±4.05 Output jitter test result Pass Pass D.3 Long-Term Phase Variation in Locked Mode The chronic phase variation is caused by factors such as temperature and ageing. Table D-21 Output jitter Timing source interfaces 1 2 Index of output jitter (UIpp) 0. D-20 .6 0 hours Pass Pass 4 hours Pass Pass Output frequency deviation test result 8 12 16 20 24 hours hours hours hours hours Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Max.05 0. values Pass Pass D.1 Output Jitter Output jitter refers to the output jitter values under the situation when there is no input jitters for the equipment.2 Output Frequency of Internal Oscillator in Free-run Mode It is the output frequency precision of the free-run timing source in the equipment at any time. which result in the gradual degradation of the output signal from the Master Clock. It is often indicated by the Maximum Time Interval Error (MTIE) and Time Deviation (TDEV).5. The specification of N internal clock output frequency precision of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-22.6 ±4.
01ns 600s Index specs 90.4ns 6.76ns 1000s Index specs 100.4ns 300s Index specs 6.52ns Test result Pass Pass Test result Pass Pass Test result Pass Pass Table D-24 Long-term phase variation (TDEV) Timing source interface TDEV 1 2 100s Index specs 6.52ns 100.76ns 90.Major Specifications Table D-23 Long-term phase variation (MTIE) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Timing source Index interface specs MTIE 1 2 64.4ns Test result Pass Pass Test result Pass Pass Test result Pass Pass Test result Pass Pass D-21 .4ns 6.4ns 1000s Index specs 6.4ns 6.39ns 64.4ns 600s Index specs 6.4ns 6.39ns 100s Test result Pass Pass 300s Index specs 79.01ns 79.
10 0.2 Le-16.50 0.10 Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass STM-1 S-1.10 0.50 0.10 0.10 0.2 U-16.50 0.1 Output Jitter of STM-N Interface It is the inherent jitter from the STM-N optical output port without the input jitter at the synchronous input port involved.1 L-1.2 S-16.2 V-16.2 Ue-4.10 0.10 0.50 0.2 D-22 .6.50 0.50 0.10 0.50 0.10 0.50 0.10 0. The duration of the jitter-testing time is more than 60 seconds.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.50 0.50 0.1 S-16.10 0.2 I-4 S-4.50 0. Table D-25 Output jitter of STM-N interface STM levels Optical interface type Ie-1 I-1 Optical output jitters (UIpp) B1 (f1–f4) B2 (f3–f4) Standard specs Test result Standard specs Test result 0.50 Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass 0.10 0.50 0.6 Jitter Performance Specifications D. The STM-N interface output jitter specification of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-25.50 0.10 0.2 Ve-4.50 0.50 0.1 L-1.10 0.1 STM-4 L-4.10 0.1 L-4.50 0.10 0.2 L-16.10 0.1 STM-16 L-16.50 0.10 0.
5 ≥ 1.15 ≥ 0.3 Input Jitter Tolerance at PDH Tributary Interface It is the amount of the least input jitter that can be endured by the PDH input port without degrading the equipment performance. D-23 .5 ≥ 1.15 ≥ 0. Table D-26 Input jitter tolerance at STM-N interface STM level STM-1 STM-4 STM-16 Jitters frequency f1 Index Test specs result (UI) ≥ 1.5 ≥ 1.15 Pass Pass Pass Table D-27 Frequency of the filter for jitter measurement STM level STM-1 STM-4 STM-16 f1 (Hz) 500 1000 5000 f2 (kHz) 6.3 5 20 D.5 Pass Pass Pass Jitter tolerance Jitters frequency f2 Jitters frequency f3 Index Index Test Test specs specs result result (UI) (UI) ≥ 1. The specifications of input jitter tolerance at PDH tributary interface of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-28 and Table D-29.5 25 100 f3 (kHz) 65 250 1000 f4 (MHz) 1.15 ≥ 0.6.5 ≥ 1.15 ≥ 0.15 Pass Pass Pass Jitters frequency f4 Index Test specs result (UI) ≥ 0.5 Pass Pass Pass ≥ 0.6.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.2 Jitter Tolerance of SDH STM-N Input Port The specifications of input jitter tolerance at STM-N interface of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-26 and Table D-27.
075 UI 34368 kbit/s 100 Hz 20 dB/dec 0.15 ≥ 0.07 Pass Pass Pass Pass Table D-29 Frequency of the filter for jitter measurement Frequency (kbit/s) 1544 2048 34368 44736 139264 f1 (Hz) 1 20 100 100 200 f2 (kHz) 2.6. The specifications of mapping jitter at PDH tributary interface of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-30.4 1 1 0.5 ≥ 1.5 f3 (kHz) 8 18 10 30 10 f4 (kHz) 40 100 800 400 3500 D.2 ≥ 0.15 ≥ 0. Table D-30 Mapping jitter at PDH tributary interface PDH interface type 1544 kbit/s f1 High-pass 10 Hz 20 dB/dec Filter characteristics f3 f4 High-pass Low-pass 8 kHz 40 kHz –20 dB/dec 18 kHz (700 Hz) 20 dB/dec 10 kHz 20 dB/dec 100 kHz –20 dB/dec 800 kHz –20 dB/dec Max.1 UI 2048 kbit/s 20 Hz 20 dB/dec 0.4 UI 0.4 UI 0.5 ≥ 1.Major Specifications Table D-28 Input jitter tolerance at PDH tributary interface OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Frequency (kbit/s) 2048 34368 44736 139264 Jitters frequency f1 Index Test specs result (UI) ≥ 1.2 ≥ 0.5 ≥ 1.5 ≥ 1.5 Pass Pass Pass Pass ≥ 0.4 Mapping Jitter at PDH Tributary Interface The mapping jitter is caused mainly by factors such as the adjustment of the speed of the asynchronous mapping code. peak-peak jitter Mapping jitter f1–f4 f3–f4 0.15 ≥ 0.4 UI 0.5 Pass Pass Pass Pass Jitter tolerance Jitters frequency f2 Jitters frequency f3 Index Index Test Test specs specs result result (UI) (UI) ≥ 1.075 UI D-24 .5 ≥ 1.5 ≥ 1.15 ≥ 0.07 Pass Pass Pass Pass Jitters frequency f4 Index Test specs result (UI) ≥ 0.
The specification of combined jitter at PDH tributary interface of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-31.4 0.075 0.4 0. peak-peak jitter Mapping jitter f1–f4 f3–f4 0.075 139264 kbit/s 0.5 Combined Jitter at PDH Tributary Interface This refers to the jitter combination of the mapping jitter and the jitter caused by the pointer justification.4 1.4 0.075 0.Major Specifications Filter characteristics f3 f4 High-pass Low-pass 30 kHz 400 kHz –20 dB/dec 139264 kbit/s 200 Hz 20 dB/dec 10 kHz 20 dB/dec 3500 kHz –20 dB/dec 0.075 0.075 0.075 0.6.35 0.4 D-25 .075 0. Table D-32. Table D-31 Combined jitter at PDH tributary interface (a) PDH interface type 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s Reverse polarity single pointer (point a) (UIpp) B1 B2 Standard Typical Standard Typical specs value specs value To be studied 0.4 UI OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Max.075 0.4 To be studied 0.4 UI 0.075 1.1 UI PDH interface type 44736 kbit/s f1 High-pass 10 Hz 0.075 0.4 0.075 0.5 0.4 To be studied 0.35 0.4 To be studied 0.075 To be studied 0. and Table D-33.075 0.075 UI D.4 0.5 0.075 To be studied 0.4 0.075 0.4 To be studied Regular pointers plus one double pointer (pointer b) (UIpp) B1 B2 Standard Typical Standard Typical specs value specs value To be studied 0.075 0.
4 To be studied 0.4 0.Major Specifications Table D-32 Combined jitter at PDH tributary interface (b) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM PDH interface type 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s Reverse polarity single pointer (point c) (UIpp) B1 B2 Standard Typica Standard Typical specs l value specs value To be studied 0.075 139264 kbit/s 0.4 To be studied 1.4 0.075 0.5 0.075 0.075 0.4 D-26 .075 0.075 0.4 0.075 0.075 To be studied 0.4 0.075 0.4 0.35 0.075 0.5 0.075 To be studied 0.075 0.4 To be studied To be studied 0.4 To be studied 0.075 0.35 0.075 0.4 1.075 Regular pointers plus one double pointer (pointer d) (UIpp) B1 B2 Standard Typical Standard Typical specs value specs value To be studied To be studied 0.
0 0.Major Specifications Table D-33 Combined jitter at PDH tributary interface (c) OptiX 2500+ TM PDH interface type 1544 kbit/s 2048 kbit/s 34368 kbit/s 44736 kbit/s 139264 kbit/s 87-3 cycle pointer (point G1) (UIpp) B1 B2 Standard Standard Typical Standard specs specs value specs To be studied To be studied To be studied 1.075 0.3 0.07 To be studied To be studied To be studied 1.0 0.35 To be studied To be studied To be studied To be studied 0.075 0.4 1.3 0.070 D-27 .075 0.075 0.35 To be studied To be studied To be studied To be studied 0.3 0.35 To be studied To be studied To be studied To be studied 0.070 87-3 cycle pointers plus one double pointer 87-3 cycle pointers plus one double pointer (pointer G2) (UIpp) (pointer G3) (UIpp) B1 B2 B1 B2 Typical Typical Standard Typical Standard Typical Standard Typical value value specs value specs value specs value To be studied To be studied To be studied 1.075 0.075 0.3 0.4 1.4 1.
Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D. Table D-34 EMC test result Test item Conducted emission Radiated emission Electrostatic discharge Immunity to radiated elecromagnetic fields Electrical transient/burst immunity Inject current immunity Reference Standard EN55022 Class A EN55022 Class A IEC1000-4-2 (Air Discharge:8 kV.7 EMC Test Specifications The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is designed in accordance with the ETS300 386 series and ETS 300127 standards stipulated by the European Telecommunications Standard Institute (ETSI) . and has passed the EMC-related tests. The EMC-related test specifications of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are given in Table D-34.Contact Discharge:6 kV) IEC1000-4-3 (10 V/m) IEC1000-4-4 (2 kV) IEC1000-4-6 (3 V) Test results PASS PASS PASS PASS PASS PASS D-28 .
Environmental adaptability: 24 hours of continuous operation at a high temperature of +45°C and subsequent 24 hours of continuous operation in a low temperature of 0°C.1 L-16. Table D-35 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) high-temperature and low-temperature environmental test results Items L-1.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D.8 Environmental Test Under the environmental stress.1 Optical receiver sensitivity S-4. the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is tested for environmental adaptability.1 Clock frequency E1 E3 T3 24-hour bit error STM-1 (electrical) STM-1 (optical) STM-4 STM-16 Index specs <–34 dBm <–28 dBm <–27 dBm 0 to –5 dBm –15 to –8 dBm –2 to +3 dBm ±6 ppm None None None None None None None Test results Low temperature 0°C High temperature +45°C Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass D-29 .1 L-16.1 L-1.1 Average optical power S-4. The environmental test results of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) are listed in Table D-35.
1 L-16.9 Vibration Test The vibration test is intended to test the vibration adaptability of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). The vibration test result of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is given in Table D-36.1 L-16. Table D-36 Vibration test result Items AF-UNI-011-047 Optical receiver sensitivity L-1.1 S-4. In accordance with the GB/T13543-92 of Environmental Test Methods For Digital Communications Equipment. The test duration was 30 minutes.Major Specifications OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM D. The scan speed was 1 Oct/min in X.1 Clock frequency E1 E3 T3 24-hour bit error Index specs <–29 dBm <–34 dBm <–28 dBm <–27 dBm –20 to –14 dBm 0 to –5 dBm –15 to –8 dBm –2 to +3 dBm –2 to +3 dBm None None None X Vibration orientation Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Test results Y Vibration orientation Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Z Vibration orientation Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass Pass STM-1 (electrical) None STM-1 (optical) STM-4 STM-16 None None None D-30 .1 S-4.1 AF-UNI-011-047 Average optical power L-1. the test was conducted with a 10–200 Hz sinusoidal scan vibration on the equipment. the structure of the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) equipment experienced no distortion. After the test. and the boards were well fixed and did not get loosened or fall off from their slots. Y and Z directions and the acceleration was 2 g.
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM E Alarm Signal Flow Diagrams E-1 .
MS-AIS MS-BIP Err. MS-REI MS-RDI "1" MST MSA HPT HPA LPT AIS "1" AIS AU-AIS AU-LOP HP-UNEQ HP-TIM "1" "1" AIS (C2) (J1) (B3) (G1) (G1) HP-BIP Errr. LP-REI LP-RDI LP-SLM "1" AIS "1" AIS "1" (H4) (C2) (V5) (J2) (V5) (V5) (V5) (V5) Indicating that corresponding alarm or signal is generated Indicating that corresponding alarm is detected Figure E-1 SDH alarm signal flow diagram E-2 . HP-REI HP-RDI TU-AIS TU-LOP LOM HP-SLM LP-UNEQ LP-TIM LP-BIP Err.Alarm Signal Flow Diagrams OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM RST LOS/LOF (J0) (B1) (K2) (B2) (M1) (K2) RS-TIM BIP Err.
Alarm Signal Flow Diagrams OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM PHY PMD SECTION LOS/LOF "1" AIS LAIS ATM TC PATH VP VC LINE "1" AIS LRDI "1" LOP AIS AIS "1" PAIS AIS PRDI LCD VPAIS VPRDI VCAIS AIS AIS F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 Figure E-2 ATM alarm signal flow diagram E-3 .
OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM F Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation ADM AIS APS ATM AU AU-AIS AU-LOP AU-NPJE AU-PPJE AUG AUP B-ISDN BITS CAC CBR Meaning Add/Drop Multiplexer Alarm Indication Signal Automatic Protection Switching Asynchronous Transfer Mode Administration Unit AU .Alarm Indication Signal AU .Integrated Services Digital Networks Built -In Timing System Connection Admission Control Constant Bit Rate F-1 .Pointer Negative Justification AU .Loss Of Pointer AU .Pointer Positive Justification Administration Unit Group Administration Unit Pointer Broadband .
Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation CC CDV CDVT CER CLP CLR CRC CSES CTD DCC DCN DLP DXC ECC EMC EMI EMS EPD ESD ESR ETSI FEBE FECN FR GE GFC GNE HCS OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Meaning Connectivity Check Cell Delay Variation Cell Delay Variation Tolerance Cell Error Ratio Cell Loss Priority Cell Loss Ratio Cyclic Redundancy Check Continuous Severely Errored Second Cell Transfer Delay Data Communication Channel Data Communication Network Delay Priority Digital Cross-Connect Embedded Control Channel Electro-Magnetic Compatibility Electro-Magnetic Interference Electro-Magnetic Susceptibility Early Packet Discard Electro-Static Discharge Errored Second Ratio European Telecommunication Standards Institute Far End Block Error Forward Explicit Congestion Notification Frame Relay Gigabit Ethernet Generic Flow Control Gateway Network Element Higher order Connection Supervision F-2 .
Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation HDB3 HDLC HEC HFC HP-RDI HP-REI HPA HPC HPT HRDS IP ISDN ISO ISUP ITU ITU-T OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Meaning High Density Bipolar of order 3 code High Level Data Link Control Header Error Control Hybrid Fiber/Coaxial Cable Higher order Path Remote Defect Indication Higher order Path Remote Error Indication Higher-order Path Adaptation Higher-order Path Connection Higher-order Path Termination Hypothetical Reference Digital Section Internet Protocol Integrated Services Digital Networks International Organization for Standardization ISDN User Part International Telecommunication Union International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunication Standardization Sector Local Area Network Link Access Protocol-Balanced Light Emitting Diode Loss Of Frame Loss Of Pointer Loss Of Signal Lower-order Path Adaptation Lower-order Path Connection Lower-order Path Termination Line Processing Unit Laser Bias Current Monitor LAN LAPB LED LOF LOP LOS LPA LPC LPT LPU LSBCM F-3 .
Alarm Indication Signal Multiplexer Section .Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation LU MAC MBS MC MCF MCR MIB MID MLM MN-NES MN-RMS MPU MS-AIS MS-RDI MSA MSAIS MSOH MSP MST MTIE MTP MTU N-ISDN NAS NE NMS NNI NPC OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Meaning Line Unit Media Access Control Maximum Burst Size Maintenance Control Message Communication Function Minimum Cell Rate Management Information Base Message Identification Multi-Longitudinal Mode MN-Network Element System MN-Regional Management System Main Processing Unit Multiplexer Section .Remote Defect Indication Multiplexer Section Adaptation Multi-Section Alarm Insertion Signal Multiplexer Section Overhead Multiplexer Section Protection Multiplexer Section Termination Maximum Time Interval between Errors Message Transfer Part Maximum Transmission Unit Narrow-band Integrated Services Digital Network Narrowband Access Server Network Element Network Management System Network Node Interface (Network-to-Network) Network Parameter Control F-4 .
Administration.Variable Bit Rate Operations. Administration and Maintenance Operation. Maintenance & Provisioning Overhead Access Optical Network Unit Out Of Frame Operating System Oscillator Open Systems Interconnection Peak Cell Rate Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy Performance Management Point to Multi-Point Path Overhead Packet Over SDH/SONET Partial Packet Discard PDH Physical Interface Point to Point Protocol Point To Point Permanent Virtual Channel Permanent Virtual Path Quality of Service Remote Defect Indication Regenerator Routing Information Protocol Root Mean Square Regenerator Section Overhead F-5 .Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation NSAP nrt-VBR OAM OAM&P OHA ONU OOF OS OSC OSI PCR PDH PM PMP POH POS PPD PPI PPP PTP PVC PVP QoS RDI REG RIP RMS RSOH OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Meaning Network Service Access Point non-real time .
level N Signaling Transfer Point Synchronous Transport Signal level N Switched Virtual Channel Switched Virtual Path F-6 .Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation RST Rt-VBR SAR SCC SCR SD SDH SDLC SEC SECBR SEMF SES SESR SETPI SETS SMS SNMP SOH SONET SPI SPVC SPVP STG STM-N STP STS-N SVC SVP OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Meaning Regenerator Section Termination real time .Variable Bit Rate Segmentation And Reassembly System Control & Communication Sustainable Cell Rate Signal Degradation Synchronous Digital Hierarchy Synchronous Data Link Control SDH Equipment Clock Severely Errored Cell Block Ratio Synchronous Equipment Management Function Severely Errored Second Severely Errored Second Ratio Synchronous Equipment Timing Physical Interface Synchronous Equipment Timing Source SDH Management Sub-Network Simple Network Management Protocol Section Overhead Synchronous Optical Network SDH Physical Interface Switched Permanent Virtual Channel Switched Permanent Virtual Path Synchronous Timing Generator Synchronous Transport Module.
Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation TPS TC TCP/IP TDEV TDM TF TIM TM TMN TS TSI TU TU-LOM TUG TUP UAT UBR UITS UNEQ UNI UPC UTOPIA VBR VC VC VC VC OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Meaning Tributary Protection Switching Transmission Convergence Sub-layer Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol Time Deviation Time Division Multiplexing Transmit Failure Trace Identifier Mismatch Termination Multiplexer Telecommunication Management Network Traffic Shaping Time Slot Interchange Tributary Unit TU-Loss Of Multi-frame Tributary Unit Group Tributary Unit Pointer Unavailable Time Unspecified Bit Rate Unacknowledged Information Transfer Service Unequipped User Network Interface Usage Parameter Control Universal Test & Operations Physical Interface for ATM Variable Bit Rate Virtual Connection Virtual Circuit Virtual Container Virtual Channel F-7 .
Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronym and Abbreviation VCC VCI VCL VLAN VP VPC VPI VPL VPN VPU WAN XC OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Meaning Virtual Channel Connection Virtual Channel Identifier Virtual Channel Link Virtual Local Area Network Virtual Path Virtual Path Connection Virtual Path Identifier Virtual Path Link Virtual Private Network Virtual Process Unit Wide Area Network Cross-Connection Unit F-8 .
STM-256 systems and other SDH systems with optical amplifiers Physical/electrical characteristics of hierarchical digital interfaces Synchronous frame structures used at 1544. as shown in Table G-1. Table G-1 Recommendations and standards with which the OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) complies Standards and protocols ITU-T G.704 ITU-T G.707 ITU-T G. it features good traverse compatibility. 2048.803 ITU-T G.691 ITU-T G. 6312.783 ITU-T G. 8448 and 44736 kbit/s hierarchical levels Network node interface for the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) Digital multiplex equipments operating at the third order bit rate of 34 368 kbit/s and the fourth order bit rate of 139 264 kbit/s and using positive justification Characteristics of synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) equipment functional blocks Synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) management Architecture of transport networks based on the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) Timing characteristics of SDH equipment slave clocks (SEC) ITU-T G.751 Description Optical interfaces for single channel STM-64.OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM G Traverse Compatibility The OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) is designed completely in accordance with the ITU-T recommendations and standards for SDH stipulated by the ATM Forum.813 G-1 . Therefore.784 ITU-T G.703 ITU-T G.
903 ITU-T X.Performance management Stage 2 and stage 3 description for the Q3 interface-Alarm surveillance Upper layer protocol profiles for the Q3 interfaces Lower layer protocol profiles for the Q3 and X interfaces TMN management functions Generic network information model Principles for a Telecommunications Management Network ATM equipment functional features Types and general features of ATM equipment G-2 . constant bit rate digital paths at or above the primary rate Types and characteristics of SDH network protection architectures Interworking of SDH network protection architectures Digital sections based on the 2048 kbit/s hierarchy Optical interfaces for equipments and systems relating to the synchronous digital hierarchy Digital line systems based on the synchronous digital hierarchy for use on optical fibre cables EML-NML interface sub-network model EML-NML interface models Open distributed processing .86(2001) ITU-T X.826 ITU-T G.811 ITU-T M.812 ITU-T Q.3100 ITU-T M. stage 2 and stage 3 description for the Q3 interface .732(1996) ITU-T I.Traverse Compatibility Standards and protocols ITU-T G.3010 ITU-T I.3400 ITU-T M.823 ITU-T G.Reference Model: Architecture Technical requirements for transmitting LAPS on Ethernet on Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) Data network fault management Guidelines for the definition of managed objects Definition of management information Management information model Stage 1.841 ITU-T G.825 ITU-T G.733 ITU-T X.722 ITU-T X.821 ITU-T Q.958 TMF509 Sif99025 ITU-T X.957 ITU-T G.720 ITU-T Q.822 ITU-T Q.721 ITU-T X.842 ITU-T G.731(1996) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Description The control of jitter and wander within digital networks which are based on the 2048 kbit/s hierarchy The control of jitter and wander within digital networks which are based on the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) Error performance parameters and objectives for international.921 ITU-T G.
2 ITU-T G.1 ITU-T G.853.361(1999) ITU-T I.6 ITU-T G.1 ITU-T G.150(1999) ITU-T G.Traverse Compatibility Standards and protocols ITU-T I.1 ITU-T G.853.852.852.Computational interfaces for basic transport network model Trail management Information viewpoint Topology management Information viewpoint Subnetwork connection management information viewpoint Common elements of the information viewpoint for the management of a transport network Enterprise viewpoint for route management Enterprise viewpoint for topology management Enterprise viewpoint description of transmission network resource model Management of the transport network .2 ITU-T G.3 ITU-T G.854.computational viewpoint Topology management.773 IETF RFC2615 IETF RFC1662 IETF RFC1661 IEEE802.6 ITU-T G.432(1999) ITU-T I.2/3(1998) IEEE802.1d(1998) OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Description Specification of User-Network Interface layer of B-ISDN B-ISDN ATM layer specification Functional features of B-ISDN Asynchronous Transfer Mode Route management .853.1 ITU-T G.854.853.computational viewpoint Management of the transport network .3 ITU-T G.Enterprise viewpoint for simple subnetwork connection management Management of the transport network .851.3 ITU-T G.Application of the RM-ODP framework Protocol suites for Q-interfaces for management of transmission systems PPP over SONET/SDH PPP in quasi-HDLC frame Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) LAN protocol standard Virtual bridge-connection LAN Media Access Control (MAC) protocol G-3 .852.1q(1998) IEEE802.6 ITU-T G.854.852.
4-2. see also structure ATM alarm signal. 2-8 AOO1. C-7 capacity expansion capability. 1-7 Numerics 1:N protection 1:N line protection. 3-24 B backbone layer. 2-40 synchronous status information. 2-33 synchronous timing unit. C-6 built-in Ethernet ring. 3-21 service security guarantee. 3-20 sharing bandwidth. F-1 ADM. 3-40 cross-connect unit. B-1 ATM interface specification. E-3 cell structure. D-18 ATM interface unit AL1. 2-8 ATM layer protection. 1-1 board configuration ADM. 3-3 cabinet configuration principle. 3-41 electrical interface. 1-8 clock synchronous network technology clock tracking. 2-39 clock tracking external BITS failure. 2-33 10/100M Ethernet service Ethernet service transmission. 3-17 Huawei Technologies Proprietary i-1 . 3-11 A abbreviation. F-1 access capacity. 3-1 configuration mode. 1-6 access layer. 3-4 board slot assignment. 1-6 C cabinet dimensions. 3-24 VLAN-based flow control. 2-37 ATM service access bandwidth convergence. 2-41 optical fiber breakage. 2-42 configuration access capability. 1-1 acronym. 3-18 auxiliary interface.Index OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM Index network transmission. 3-22 VLAN-based subscriber management. 3-5 extended subrack configuration. 3-4 board. 1-8 clock synchronization performance. 4-2. 1-4 appearance. 3-3 optical amplification board. 2-42 normal state. 2-33 1+1 protection 1+1 line protection. 3-26 mapping mode. C-7 weight. 3-3 configuration mode board configuration.power consumption. 2-8 AOQ1. 3-6 hybrid configuration. 3-8 TM.
C-10 climate. 2-11 EGT2. D-25 input jitter tolerance. D-16 attenuation tolerance. 3-6 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000). D-16 anti-interference capability. 2-29 PDH interface unit. D-24 protection switching time. 2-31 auxiliary power backup unit. 2-1 functional unit ATM interface unit. 2-25 tone&data access unit. 2-11 EFT. 2-12 EMF4. 1-6 DDN-incorportated SDH network. C-7 F functional architecture. 2-44 interconnecting service protection DNI nodes in MSP ring. C-2 PDH interface. Gigabit Ethernet service. 4-4. C-10 biological environment. 3-38 dimensions cabinet. 3-28 point-to-point. 3-34 I in-service upgrade. C-2 auxiliary interface. C-4 DDN interface. C-10 environmental requirement environment for storage. C-2 SDH optical interface. 2-13 synchronous timing unit. 3-25 SDH size flow control. 2-12 EMF8. C-4 clock interface. C-11 waterproof requirement. 3-7 D DDN interface unit DM12. C-1 interface jitter performance. 2-32 SDH cross-connect matrix protection. 2-33 TPS protection. C-9 operation environment. 2-20 E electrical interface allowable frequency deviation. C-9 mechanical stress. 3-26 expansion.Index protection configuration. 3-9 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM ET1. D-15 electromagnetic compatibility. 2-19 function. C-9 environmental index. 2-34 processing board protection. 2-32 power unit protection. capacity. C-12 equipment-level protection 1+1 and 1:N protection. D-19 Gigabit Ethernet service LAPS encapsulation. 2-1 Huawei Technologies Proprietary i-2 . 1-8 environment for storage air cleanness. 2-9 overhead processing unit. 3-26 transparent transmission. 2-26 SDH cross-connect matrix unit. D-23 mapping jitter. 1-8 extended subrack OptiX 155/622(Metro2050). D-15 combined jitter. C-2 type. 3-49 DNI nodes in PP ring. Ethernet service transmission multi-point-to-multi-point. 2-13 EGT. C-3 Ethernet interface. 3-50 interface ATM interface. D-17 signal bit rate. 2-34 synchronous timing protection. 2-9 Ethernet service 10/100M Ethernet service. C-7 subrack. 2-8 auxiliary interface unit. 1-8 IU processing board. 4-2. 2-31 DDN interface unit. C-8 EMC performance. 2-19 Ethernet interface unit. 2-12 G GE optical interface specification. C-2 SDH electrical interface. 2-16 SCC. 2-19 DX1. 2-12 EMS1. 2-19 DDN service. 2-22 SDH interface unit. 2-33 specific service protection. 3-38 implementation. 2-32 Ethernet interface unit EFS0. 3-33 point-to-multi-point. C-14 transportation environment. 2-10 EMT8.
2-18 E3/T3 interface board. 3-40 LTU processing board. 3-9 protection scheme. 2-37 Ethernet service protection. 2-1 P PDH interface access capacity. 1-11 network-level protection ATM layer service protection. D-12 R REG. 3-12 self-healing protection. 3-41 1+1 line protection. 1-10 ET1. 2-37 O OA&M. D-13 receiver sensitivity. 2-18 PM1. 3-47 two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring. 1-13 power source requirement. C-14 mechanical stress. D-11 jitter tolerance. 3-44 two-fiber bidirectional PP ring. 1-7 PDH interface unit E1/T1 interface board. D-1 extinction ratio. D-14 allowable frequency deviation. 3-46 MSTP. 1-11 EMS1. 3-12 hybrid network. 2-35 SNCP. A-8 VC-3/VC-4/VC-4-xc POH byte. 1-8 EFS0. 3-47 introduction. 1-12 M MADM. 3-42 two-fiber unidirection PP ring. 1-11 EFT.Index OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM STM-1 interface parameters. 1-9 ECC. D-10 output jitter. 3-40 networking capability. 1-4 MANs. 2-17 PL3. 3-17 DDN service. 2-35 two-fiber bidirectional MSP ring. 2-17 PQM. 2-38 interconnected network protection. C-16 optical interface AIS rate. 3-11 STM-1 electrical interface board. 1-1 MSP chain. 2-36 virtual optical fiber protection ring. 1-10 tone&data. A-8 power monitoring function. 3-13 POH VC-12 POH byte. 1-1 multi-system capability. 3-15 ring network. D-23 mean launched power. 1-2 operation environment air cleanness. 2-17 PDH service chain network. 3-44 two-fiber unidirectional MSP ring. C-15 biological environment. C-6 power supply. D-5 L line protection switching 1:N line protection. 1-9 multi-system NE structure. D-22 receiver overload optical power. 2-36 SDH trail protection. D-3 STM-4 interface parameters. 1-4 N networking ATM service. 2-36 two-fiber bidirection PP ring. 1-10 Ethernet service. 3-10 PDH interface board. 3-9 protection mechanism. C-15 climate. 1-4 ring network protection four-fiber MSP ring. 3-46 Huawei Technologies Proprietary i-3 . 3-36 Ethernet service. 3-41 processing capability asynchronous data. 2-35 MSP ring four-fiber MSP ring. 2-19 PD1. 2-17 protection characteristic. 1-13 protection configuration existing two protection scheme. 1-13 PP ring introduction. 1-11 EGT. 2-17 PQ1. 3-42 two-fiber unidirectional MSP ring. 1-11 EGT2. 1-13 ATM service. 3-21 PDH service. D-14 classification.
1-7 STM-16 optical interface parameter. 2-23 broadcast. 4-2 fan box structure. 2-20 tone interface. 2-2 SNCP. 2-34 software loading protection. 1-4 networkwide solution. 1-3 introduction. 3-53 service configuration. D-6 STP. C-12 climate. 2-16 S16. 2-26 message communication function. 1-6 slot assignment. 1-3 control&communication. C-7 dimensions. 2-36. 4-4. 4-4 subrack back view. 2-22 loopback. 4-4 weight. 2-34 power backup function. 2-25 cross-connect function. D-20 TM. 2-32 transportation environment air cleanness. 1-4 TM NE system. 2-35 PP ring. A-4 specific service protection checking board temperature. 1-3 S SCC functionality and principle. 1-1 NE structure. 1-4 tone&data accesss unit data interface. 2-25 timing source. 2-34 T Test EMC. 3-40 ring network protection. 2-34 over-voltage and under-voltage protection. A-1 multiplexing structure.Index two-fiber unidirectional PP ring. A-4 STM-16. 2-36 self-healing protection interconnecting service protection. 4-5 dimension. 3-57 VP ring protection. 3-51 SOH byte. 2-38 structure cabinet structure. 4-4 front view. A-6 STM-4. A-3 level. 2-28 synchronous equipment management function. 3-53 SNCP. 2-21 E1 interface. E-2 cross-connection capacity. 1-6 functionality. 1-5 overhead processing. 1-13 STM-16 optical interface. 2-25 SSM function. 1-3 cross-connect capacity. 2-35 MSP ring. 2-21 function. D-30 timing and synchronization interface internal oscillator output frequency. C-5 frame structure. C-12 biological environment. 2-28 software function. 2-24 SDH interface unit checking physical interface parameter. C-12 Huawei Technologies Proprietary i-4 . 2-15 SPQ4. D-20 long-term phase variation. 2-26 working mode. 2-26 system architecture. 1-3 auxiliary interface. 1-3 features. 3-49 line protection switching. 2-27 SDH alarm signal. 1-1 NM structure. 3-51 subnetwork connection multi-trail protection. 3-41 shared fiber virtual path protection. 1-7 service interface. 2-15 SQE. A-1 SDH cross-connect matrix unit add/drop. 2-22 direct connection. 2-13 SDE. C-7 synchronous timing unit interface. D-29 vibration. D-28 environment. 2-15 SDH trail protection MSP chain. D-20 output jitter. A-6 STM-1. 2-20 TPS protection. 2-21 tone&data interface transfer board. A-2 transmission rate. 1-9 interface. 3-41 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM SSM management function. 2-23 cross-connect. 4-6 subrack structure.
3-55 U ultra long-haul transmission solution. 1-7 upgrade.in-service. C-7 V VP ring protection Huawei Technologies Proprietary i-5 . 3-53 VP ring layered protection. C-12 traverse compatibility. C-14 waterproof requirement. 4-2. 3-56 VP ring protection. 4-4. 3-54 VP ring protection implementation. C-7 subrack. G-1 OptiX 2500+(Metro3000) TM protected object. 2-44 W weight cabinet.Index mechanical stress.