Customer News Magazine of Volvo Buses in India
Next big steps…
Volvo Buses buys its JV stakes and announces ambitious future plans.
I s s u e 01/2011
Issue - 01/2011 Customer News Magazine of Volvo Buses in India
Making public transport the first choice
swedish innovations and Indian interpretation
KsRTC Leading by example
Volvo Buses India takes the next big steps…
The President visits Bangalore
electronically Controlled suspension system
Nothing succeeds like success
editor - sohanjeet s Randhawa Associate editor - sunanda Jaiprakash Technical editor - Brijesh Marwah Design - shilahar Associates, Bangalore Volvo Buses India Private Limited Factory: Yalachahally, Taverekere Post Bangalore 562122. Phone: +91 80 6712 1200 www.volvobuses.co.in
For private circulation only
sr. south Asia
. Most import antly. public and institutional customer. we c e l e b r a t e our partnership with our customers. visited India in January this year and has a ck n o w l e d g e d I n dia as one of the key markets for Volvo Bus Corporation g l o b a l l y. after we bought out the JV partner shares. Business Region International and Chairman. We wish y o u e n j o y a b l e r e ading!
Akash Passey Managing Director Volvo Buses. M r. Vo l v o B u s e s I n d i a B oard. President. Volvo Bus Corporation along with Mr. Vi ce President. along with large orders from many e s t e e m e d c u s t o mers. In N o v e m b e r l a s t y ear. we see the e s t a b l i s h i n g o f k ey concepts that will drive future progress. I n D e c e m b e r l a s t year. Volvo B u s e s h a v e a l s o shared its ambitious plans for the future with respect t o e x p a n d i n g i n d u s trial est ablishment. We h a v e s e e n r o bust growth in 2010. Volvo Buses in India became a 100% Volvo Bus C o r p o r a t i o n s u b sidiary. Longh a u l l u x u r y t r a v e l is getting segmented with higher demands and Volvo 9 4 0 0 X L m u l t i . this issue of Bus s top features articles of c o n t r i b u t o r s a c r oss the spectrum dedicated to driving progress. In a move to further strengthen the Volvo bus e x p e r i e n c e . I n t a n d e m w i t h o ur success.a x le intercity buses are clearly the country’s best selling c o a ch e s . I n s t i t u tional customers like Karnat ak a s t ate Road Transport C o r p o r a t i o n ( Ks RTC) have placed breakthrough orders for these multi-axle c o a ch e s . A l r e a d y in this year. Rune L u n d b e r g . Th e c o u n t r y i s c l ear about its ambition of making public transport a key t o o l f o r s u s t a i n a ble cities and we at Volvo have built a strong base through p a r t n e r s h i p s w i t h every key private. Volvo City Buses entered the 12 th city – Mumbai when B e sT i n a u g u r a t ed Volvo City Buses to its commuters. m a k i n g it the first from a public sector and our private customer Vi j a y a n a n d R o a d lines (VR L) has reiterated the confidence with a bulk order o f 1 0 0 Vo l v o 9 4 00X L multi-axle buses. w e c ontinue to t ake steps towards providing better mobility a n d d r i v i n g p r o g ress in a buoyant market. authorities a n d o u r c o lleagues. we plan to set up 5 Volvo Bus Centers acr oss key cities. H a k a n K a r l s son. after-s ales network and future product r a n g e s .MD’s LeTTeR Issue 1/2011
Let’s keep the momentum and be one-step ahead
s w e s t e p into our 10 th year of Volvo Buses operations in India. associates.
The launch of the low-entry. Volvo City Buses in India. comfort and stress-free ride that Volvo Buses offer. Today public transport is not merely shifting a set of people from one place to another.1 choice for its citizens. auto fares and pollution drive people in the city to board a bus. It is over the last few years a new paradigm shift has taken place in this sector.We decided to try the Volvo. a PG student in St . has fast tracked many of these ambitious transport projects.Joseph College. The initiative received quite an optimistic response. but also shifting people away from their private vehicles to buses. “There are Volvos connecting almost every part of Bangalore. as there has been a marked change in the quality of vehicles and also the service. I heard about the Volvo Bus Service from my sister-in-law who has shifted from the US and needed a reliable and safe transport to her office in Electronic City.
“I personally only use the BMTC Airport Shuttle service since the airport moved and find it very convenient and comfortable”
“There are Volvos connecting almost every part of Bangalore. “I personally only use the BMTC Airport Shuttle service since the airport moved and find it very convenient and comfortable. Following articles featured by news papers. revealed Salma Mashood from Infantry Road. they are air-conditioned and there is always a seat available”. rather than take my own car in this crazy traffic”. Namrata adds. reiterates these facts. reliability. the move to shift people from their personal vehicles to public transport is slowly but surely finding many takers. My husband and I drive our individual vehicles and are quite fed up with the traffic congestion. Rather surprising considering taking a bus was never the ‘done’ thing in Bangalore even until recent past. reveals Namrata. pollution and the stress that Bangalore roads offer! Autos fares have gone up and the rowdy attitude of drivers go unabated . Today the Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation has over 500 Volvo City Buses in their fleet catering to quite a sizeable population in the city. Public transport organizations are working hard to make public transport the No. Today many Bangaloreans have begun to use public transport.
I catch the bus to the Bowring Club and back to play my game of badminton every evening. safety and stress free travel that has never been associated with public transport before. the Volvos seem to be the best thing to happen to public transport yet”.
Rising fuel prices. She put my fears of travelling by bus to rest. In fact the Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) and the Traffic Police have been campaigning on the concept of reserving every first Thursday of the month as ‘Bus Day’ in Bangalore. Volvo City Buses were first launched in Bangalore.
. they are air-conditioned and there is always a seat available”
“Apart from a little walk to the bus stop. With an extensive connectivity. today public transport offers far more comfort. More and more people are enthused about using public transport. Though a sizeable percentage of people still insist on using personal modes of transport.Making Public Transport the first choice
The concept of urban mobility is fast changing in India.
I’m relaxed and stress-free. Whitefield. The agency will provide the necessary hardware. I don’t even worry about dodging murderous cab drivers who get offended at the sight of a woman rider. “Over the next one month more than 220 Volvo Buses will offer internet service to commuters. C V Raman Nagar and Hebbal. connected to head phones is installed on the back of every seat. surf the net and even enjoy video streaming . Apart from a little walk to the bus stop. The conductors are professional and helpful”. It is an up to-date informationcommunication-entertainment (ICE) application. Nominations are invited from across the country. more number of Volvo Buses will start offering internet service to commuters. Schonali Rebello. travelling to Electronic City. particularly techies. 1 Million AwArd
Volvo Buses announced the institution of a Rs. A touche screen. he said. We want more people to travel by buses to reduce traffic congestion in Bangalore. which cannot be misused.
Excerpts from an article featured in Metro Plus. This is just one of the people-friendly services being offered to commuters”.” Karnataka Transport Minister R Ashoka. This service is already available on the some of the Volvo buses operating between the city and the Bangalore International Airport. This award will be applicable from year 2011 and will be presented by the Ambassador of Sweden to India. Commuters can access the internet straight away without disclosing any personal details. I don’t worry about having to kick-start my vehicle every day.owned state transport undertaking in south Asia is offering this service. we wanted to take the lead in offering internet services to commuters. the Volvos seem to be the best thing to happen to public transport yet”. said. BCK Group who has moved from Canada says. And the service will come free. “In the US. Commuters will be able to access their emails. The Hindu
The BMTC has tied up with a private agency to offer internet service.Net gains for commuters on Bangalore buses
Travelling by bus is an entirely new experience for Bangaloreans. The Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) will provide internet access to commuters boarding the swanky Volvo buses operated by the department. Head of Communications. No other government. But we have decided against levying such a fee. Some of them levy a fee. It is a secure connection.
Article reproduced from Mail Today
rs. “I’ve used the regular BMTC buses and the new light blue ones.” Ashok informed. so nobody messes with them. software and high-speed wireless broadband network. private tour operator’s offer internet service to travellers of luxury coaches.
. Bangalore being the technology hub of the nation. My experience is that they are very safe for women because the entire front section is reserved for women and there are some real tough ones who sit there. In the next few days. In a week that we tried travelling by Volvo.1 Million Award to an organization or group that does outstanding work in the field of sustainable public transport.
across five cities in India. lectures.A little Bit of sweden in our lives
‘Swedish Innovation.Cell Phone Systems
Lord Krishna online Photographer . food and dance.Cell Phone Systems
God Abreast Photographer .Coca Cola Design
Shadow Talk Photographer .Zipper
Motion Mania Photographer .Pacemaker
The Surreal Rewind Photographer .Computer Graphics
Innovation .Abhijit Chakraborty
Innovation .Bhabani Prosad Mondal
Innovation .Abhijit Chakraborty
Innovation . The week long activities were strung together by the Nobel Prize themes of creativity and innovation.Mihir Misra
Innovation .Computer Mouse
Enjoy! Photographer .Adjustable wrench
Drilling Photographer . The programme included a series of seminars.M Barkath Ali Khan
Innovation . the second consecutive year of the sweden India Nobel Week seminar took place during Oct 23 and Oct 31 2010. Indian Interpretations’
A photo exhibition during the Sweden India Nobel Week Seminar
Commemorating the achievements of the illustrious Alfred Nobel. to mark the Nobel Week a seminar was on “Making Public Transport the first Choice”was sponsored by Volvo Buses in India.Somenath Mukhopadhyay
Innovation .Somenath Mukhopadhyay
Rope…Yarn…Ribbon Photographer .Somenath Mukhopadhyay
Agro Tech Photographer . In Bangalore.Dynamite
Hide n’ Seek Photographer .Position Indicating System
By Heart Photographer .Amitava Chandra
Innovation . roundtables and cultural events of music.Sumeena Iqbal
Acceptance of technology irrespective of age Photographer .Akshay Akkineni
The occasion was graced by His excellency Lars Olof Lindgren.Roy Sinai
Innovation . to capture the presence of swedish Innovations in our everyday life.Abdullah Qureshi
Innovation . Topics ranged from the cell phone to public transportation to the zipper. eminent panelists and speakers discussed the way forward in urban mobility.Zipper
Mystery Man Photographer .Milking Machine
Lance ‘‘Desi’’ Armstrong Photographer .Sudipto Das
Moving picture Photographer .Ball Bearing
For crafting engines of progress Photographer .Safety Match
Natural Milking Machine Photographer .
Matched Despair Photographer .Blowtorch
Ecstasy Photographer .Sameer S Karmarkar
Innovation .Abdullah Qureshi
Innovation . Indian Interpretations’.Safety Match
Innovation .Akshay Akkineni
Innovation .Gunjan Gupta Innovation . selected entries where showcased at a photo exhibition titled “A little of sweden in our lives”.Sustainable Transport
Zipodhoti Photographer . Photographers from across the country competed in the national
competition – ‘swedish Innovation.Amitava Chandra
Light My Fire Photographer . swedish Ambassador to India. along with senior Government officials from Karnataka.Cell Phone Systems
Innovation knows no barrier Photographer .Gunjan Gupta Innovation .
The Busstop team caught up with the man himself to find out what makes KsRTC a role model organisation
. At the helm of affairs leading this organisation from strength to strength is Mr. MD KsRTC.KSRTC Leading by example
Karnataka state Road Transport Corporation (KsRTC) is an sTu with a vision and a role model. Gaurav Gupta.
As India is changing fast. which runs common test for medium to higher management carder as well as drivers. tulip lighting. we at KsRTC are determined to bring in new initiatives to make bus travel more superior and comfortable experience for all travelers. KsRTC has created 100% transparent recruitment programs developed with IIM Bangalore. KsRTC will continue to try new products in the market. non-air-conditioned. This premium category buses offer seats with calf support. Drivers and other crew have been able to add value to the services offered by KsRTC. attractive interiors and more comfortable travel experience. How do you see the future of bus transport evolving and also give reflections of this development with regard to your business model. comfortable buses for the lower segments to meet the demands of other passengers in the intercity segment. Gaurav Gupta
Managing Director. Mysore and Mangalore. These buses are introduced in important sectors such as Bangalore to Pune. We have certified the way-side amenities. KsRTC has given emphasis to an end-to-end experience for travelers. As a conscious corporate citizen. We have planned a world class transit hub with seamless connectivity for city and Intercity Buses. the bus industry has seen a tremendous change. who is the ambassador during the travel. KsRTC also introduced newly designed 2X2. What are the initiatives KSRTC has to improve its driver’s performance? KsRTC gives more importance to its drivers. We have been upgrading bus stations. Another important factor is ticket reservations. Our drivers and crew add value to our services. the KsRTC drivers are our employees and specially trained by Volvo Buses. Hyderabad. driver concentration is important to us. First of all.Interview with
Mr. emphasis on safety. Initially when Volvo Buses were introduced in 2002 it was very expensive to buy and maintain. The counselling sessions and life style development programs are organised for the drivers. Mumbai. as the time progressed we have studied that the customers are willing to pay higher cost for better services. We call it the “Airavat Club Class”. We focus more on our drivers. It will be on PPP model and will create a new a mile stone in public transport. Last but not the least is creating a better work force with quality employees. Volvo Buses have been able to measure up to the mark and able to sustain the public demands. We also offer mobile ticket reservation service and have established over 400 franchisees across the state.
. subsequently. how has Volvo Buses helped in fulfilling these needs? KsRTC is focussed to provide better services to its customers. The recently introduced Volvo Multi-axle buses have created a new segment. With superior exterior. KsRTC has introduced initiatives such as alternate fuel usage. the Volvo multi-axle buses have raised the standards of luxury even higher. exclusive lounge development for premium category passengers is being created in key cities like Bangalore. Our on-line reservation service has won many awards. water harvesting and conservation at depots and bus stands. This has created a niche category which was non-existent and not catered to by other manufacturers until Volvo Buses were introduced in 2001. Metro Rail and Railway passengers. superior hat rack and many other features. Chennai and ernakulam. The new stations have been given steel and granite exterior and modern infrastructure. Since the introduction of Volvo Buses in 2001. Karnataka state Road Transport Corporation
Considering your customer needs and passenger demand.
it is one of the largest fleet of Volvos along with 7000 other buses covering the entire state and over 80 inter-state destinations. heralding a new era in the transport industry. Hyderabad.First among equals
The Karnataka state Road Transport Corporation (KsRTC) has emerged as a role model. It is a pioneer among state Transport units . With over 400 Volvo Buses in its fleet. When Volvo Buses rolled in on the Indian roads. with a rear engine. and a commitment to provide superior means of transportation and infrastructure. Mumbai. The induction of the multi-axle introduced a premier segment called the “Airawat Club Class”. products or strategy. KsRTC again was the first sTu to place an order of 40 multi-axle coaches. attractive interiors and comfortable seating.
. This has helped raise the bar in inter-city travel across all parameters of comfort. safety and economy.be it service. Chennai and ernakulam. low entry and built on a true bus chassis. These buses are plying on high volume sectors like Bangalore to Pune.
When Volvo Buses launched the first multi-axle inter-city coach. These buses are air-conditioned. Five of these buses are already in operation. the largest ever by a sTu. KsRTC is driven by innovation. KsRTC was the first sTu to induct the Volvo intercity coach into its fleet. The standards of luxury were taken to the next level with the elegant design and exterior. KsRTC also introduced the Volvo City Buses in the city of Mysore.
The drivers are the face of the organization and they are chosen and trained with utmost care.Better infrastructure is the key to better travel experience
Along with the advanced buses comes the infrastructure and use of information technology to advantage. efforts are
on to improve bus terminal facilities on par with international standards and construction of satellite bus stations across the state.a leader in innovations
First sTu to introduce: • Automated test to recruit drivers • Web-based passenger reservation system • Mobile ticket booking • electronic ticketing machines • Design and fabricate low-floor buses under the economic stimulus package • GPs / GPRs based passenger information and bus related intelligent transport system • Central control room to ensure commuter and employee safety
KSRTC Operations Statistics
• • • • • • • • 7000 buses 122 bus stations 69 depots 14 divisions 33800 employees 25 lakh passengers / day 24. Above all this.5 lakh kilometers / day 2 regional workshops
. along with comfort. an online booking system and online vehicle tracking and passenger information system. KsRTC has pulled out all stops to enhance the customer satisfaction. Bus depots and terminus in the major towns have already been upgraded with convenient amenities for passengers. The e-initiatives of KsRTC have won great acclaim and awards. KsRTC is the first to introduce ‘Any time any where advance reservation’ (AWATAR). Right from the day. Courses are conducted in yoga meditation and life style development.
KSRTC . a good number of initiatives have been taken to protect the environment. Water harvesting and recycling plants have been set up in all depots. KsRTC has taken to alternate fuel program. KsRTC also has a mobile ticket reservation facility and has a wide network of over 400 franchisees across the state. exclusive Lounge development for premium category passenger is on in key cities of Bangalore. The Corporation also understands the prerequisite of safety in every journey. right from the time he books a ticket. they begin their service. Mysore and Mangalore. which is cost-effective. they are constantly trained on the necessity of safe and stress free driving. like bio-diesel and ethanol-blended diesel which help in reducing the emission levels and over 1000 KsRTC buses are being run on ethanol-blended diesel. KsRTC has also certified amenities along the routes so that people get to use clean and hygienic facilities.
The move will help Volvo Buses to put in place its growth plans for the country. Akash Passey. With the buyout. Volvo Buses India Private Limited bought out the entire share of Azad Group in the company. Rune Lundberg. B u s i n e s s R e g i o n I n t e r national. Managing Director Volvo Buses India addressing the media
oraying into the future with a vision and determination. Volvo Buses has encouraged fleet operators. both private and institutional to constantly relook at their business models to keep pace with the growth and progress in urban mobility. Volvo Buses and Mr. Pioneering products and solutions for a decade. Volvo Buses has raised its stake from 70% to 100% in the company.Volvo Buses in India takes the next big steps…
Buys out the share of the JV partner Azad Group in India Plans to achieve multifold growth in India and neighboring markets Capacity expansion to cater to future domestic and exports markets
Mr. Azad Group has been Volvo’s JV partner in India since 2008. The coming together of the Asian dream is seeing a promising demand and critical movement by key stakeholders and customers
. Volvo Buses in India has been entwined with changing perceptions of road travel. Vice President. Sr.
Volvo Buses India as a global manufacturing facility will step up exports from 2011. expansion in future reflects the ambition of the market and our customers. Covering 12 cities with city buses in a short span of 2 years is an indicator of the fast changing pace. customer experience lounge. Who knows. Of course. This order is a testimony to the confidence reposed by customers in Volvo Buses and the single largest order till date. new
integral production principles.in India. placed a single order of 100 multi-axle buses. a competence development centre and expansions at the paint shop. which boasts of 14000 Volvo buses in its fleet which also includes buses produced by sunwin Bus Corporation .a joint venture of Volvo Buses in China. The future includes an increase in production by close to 100% by 2012. The Volvo strategy to continuously re-invent and improve its product features saw the launch of the CNG Bus and introduction of the Volvo euro IV City Bus in 2010 with a face lift. also catering to export markets and to bring in products for new segments. Volvo Buses could well replicate the shanghai city in India. Volvo Buses also plans to set up Volvo Bus Centers across key cities to provide a higher level of service experience to customers and drivers reenforcing its interest in complete bus solutions. The facility will thus expand resulting in a 30% increase in manpower in the next couple of years.
. over the current 5%. The expansion will include establishments of new facilities for refurbishment operations. exports will account for 25-30% of total volumes of India over the next few years. The buoyancy in the market got another shot in the arm when VRL a long standing customer of Volvo Buses from Hubli.
Hybrids and Pure electrics in addition to the existing sources of gasoline and diesel. many new technologies are being developed like DMe (Di-methyl ether). Diesel has lower combustion temperature of 410 degree Fahrenheit. While CNG has historically an inherent emissions advantage. A 2007 estimate suggests that worldwide. cheap life-cycle cost of well-to-wheel. distribution limited to city limits. Biogas can be used as a vehicle fuel. a process known as anaerobic digestion. using it offsets the use of non-renewable resources such as coal. or digester gas. with corresponding emission reduction and energy security benefits and it directly reduces greenhouse gas emissions by preventing
Biogas or renewable natural gas (RNG) is a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide gases that is formed whenever organic materials decompose in the absence of air. CO2 are 25% less. NOx 30 to 60% lower and 50 to 75% fewer hydrocarbons. industrial wastes.
ased on these factors. excellent energy content. ease of distribution and safety of the fuel in use. Cellulose (bio-diesel and bio-ethanol) and pure hydrogen. the latter is inherently more fuel efficient.
Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) vehicles are more energy efficient than their gasoline powered counterparts. agricultural waste. Worldwide. animal slurries and animal byproducts and municipal solid wastes. oil. approximately five million vehicles currently use natural gas for fuel. new clean diesel technologies now have challenged this. Biogas is sometimes called swamp gas. Biogas can be manufactured from almost any organic material but historically it has been produced from sewage sludge. CNG is good in fuel efficiency and “safer” as an inherent gas characteristic to use than gasoline or diesel fuel since combustion requires the right mix of air and fuel at temperatures over 1100 degree Fahrenheit. renewable resource. fuel cells. The former. low cost of installation of engine and aggregates. Methane within biogas can be concentrated via a biogas upgrader to the same standards as fossil natural gas. paving the way for fuel cell vehicles. 12000 vehicles are being upgraded to biogas annually and predicts at least 70000 vehicles by end of 2010. optimum fuel consumption. bulky high pressure CNG carriers resulting in heavier tare masses and safety concerns associated with high pressure gas. friendly to the environment. The benefits of biogas are similar to the benefits of natural gas: increasing energy security. and fossil fuel-derived natural gas. carbon dioxide and hydrogen
. For this. sweden alone accounts for more than 11500 NG vehicles on biogas. because it compromises the operating range of the vehicle since it does not burn and the latter due to its corrosive nature. CNG vehicles have 90 to 97% lower CO emissions compared to other conventional fuels. many of them retrofitted and some others in bio-fuel modes. it is a domestic. Apart from these. and improving public health and the environment through reduced vehicle emissions. lowest costs of transportation. but in comparison with diesel. while Germany and Austria have set roadmaps of 20% biogas vehicles. At present energy crops such as grass maize and household waste are used for its production. landfill gas. the four best options of alternate resources that have captured attention are CNG/LPG fuelled vehicles. bigger investment of installation and adaptation. Hythane (hydrogen blended with CNG).
sulphide need to be removed. Bio-gas. Further. Additionally.Alternate Fuel
The major factors that have contributed to the quest for alternate propulsion technologies in automobiles are growing concerns about exhausting non-renewable energy resources. the shortcomings associated with CNG are mainly. it is called bio-methane. Biogas for automotive application is called bio-methane.
is a type of electric vehicle (eV) that uses chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs. When the engine is running. human powered. regenerative energy is used to recharge the battery. Parallel hybrids are seen to be more efficient than series hybrids. coal. both engine and motor will assist in the drive. • Allows downsizing the engine for the same power/torque since motor is utilized in different modes • Considerable reduction in exhaust and noise emissions and fuel consumption. it will also charge the battery pack. in a parallel hybrid system.
Considerations for Hybrid Vehicles methane release into the atmosphere (methane is 21. or BeV. As with other electric vehicles. BeVs use electric motors and motor controllers instead of internal combustion engines (ICes) for propulsion. Recapturing significant amounts of energy normally wasted during braking etc. processing to improve content of methane and storage and concerns on food security due to consumable crops used for biogas production. since motor operates in most of the regions of the driving cycles • Life of battery pack and electrical components. From stop to start. During braking. On the other hand. especially in stop-and-go traffic 3. the energy losses are more due to which net efficiency of such a kind of system may drop. These savings are primarily achieved by three elements of a typical hybrid design: 1. 2. Power sources include on-board or out-board rechargeable energy storage system (Ress). there are series Parallel Hybrids systems too. either the motor or the engine is directly connected to the transmission at any given point of time.times stronger as a greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide) The major shortcomings for efficient usage of this type of fuel are lack of distribution networks (existing CNG networks have been proposed to be used). motor-alternators and controllers serviceability and cost are major deterrents
A hybrid vehicle is a vehicle that uses two or more distinct power sources to move a vehicle. cost of manufacturing. At very high torque demands. Having significant battery storage capacity to store and reuse recaptured energy. mechanical energy (engine) is used to charge a battery pack (electrical energy) and this electrical energy drives a motor that is again converted to mechanical energy (transmission). which gives drive to the wheels of the vehicle. but at higher speeds the engine is connected to the transmission. only the motor runs with engine cut-off.Hybrid Vehicle Emissions Hybrid Vehicle emissions today are getting close to or even lower than the recommended level set by the ePA (environmental Protection Agency). Battery electric vehicles store electricity from the grid in a large battery that is used to drive an electric motor. compressed or liquefied natural gas. hydrogen. gasoline or diesel fuel.
. Alternately. Allelectric vehicles are referred as BeVs (although a plug-in hybrid is also a battery electric vehicle). (Regenerative braking)
Pure Electric Vehicles or Battery Operated Vehicles
A battery electric vehicle. wood or other solid combustibles Fuel consumption and emissions reductions in Hybrids: The hybrid vehicle typically achieves greater fuel economy and lower emissions than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICeVs). resulting in fewer emissions being generated. Relying on both the gasoline (or diesel engine) and the electric motors for peak power needs resulting in a smaller gasoline or diesel engine sized more for average usage rather than peak power usage. so in this 2 step process of energy conversions. In series hybrids. compressed air.
but they are decreasing steadily. and it is also necessary to control the amount of power supplied to the motor and wheels of the car. Advanced technologies.
• The batteries. These newer batteries are already important in commercially available hybrid vehicles. despite near universal electricity availability throughout most developed countries • The range of a BEV will slowly decrease over time as the rechargeable batteries lose capacity. It features a 5 litre MD5 engine and a IsAM motor-alternator with 160 kW peak power. The distance that an eV can drive before the batteries need recharging depends on the type and number of batteries installed in the vehicle and can range from 50 to 200 km. at least today. and the other is to improve battery technology. lithium batteries with Battery Management unit and isolation resistance monitor. fast chargers may reduce this to 45 or 30 minutes. This limitation can be overcome in two ways: one is to install fast-charging facilities. and don’t go as far • The batteries. so the vehicles are heavier than gasoline or diesel ones. The costs of these newer technologies are still high. causing high vehicle costs • Battery cars are considered as ‘’environment friendly’’ or ‘’green’’ but aren’t compared to bicycling or light rail • Production of battery cars and roads are as polluting and requires as much if not more resources than any gasoline/diesel cars of the same size • The usual battery charge takes around 5 hours. eV’s are categorized as PZeV (Partial Zero emissions vehicles) and except for battery acid fumes during operations life cycle and life of the battery itself. In the past decade. intended for overnight. They will eventually need to be replaced Volvo. such as lithium-ion and lithiumpolymer batteries show promise in vehicle propulsion applications. rapid progress has been made in battery technology. This is done by an electronic device called the controller. The technological aspects and advantages have been rigorously tried and tested in various countries before the design commercialization. which can recharge the batteries in 10-20 minutes. the DC from the battery must be controlled to give the correct amount of power to the motor. are heavy (compared to their range). manufactures and builds all of the above variants to suit different customers.several conversions are necessary. at least today. Other eVs are powered by DC motors. A fossil fuel vehicle can go anywhere in most countries and find a pay to refuel station with ease. The lead-acid battery was surpassed in efficiency and power density by nickelcadmium and then nickel-metal hydride batteries. some electric vehicles are powered by AC motors. charge stations are not yet popular. and a battery can store only direct current (DC). When the battery is charged. no significant emissions are established. because electricity from the grid is in the form of alternating current (AC). trolleybuses etc. the DC from the battery must be converted to AC again by an electronic device called the inverter. Refilling a fuel tank takes only about 5 minutes • Infrastructure is lacking. in this case. the charger converts the AC to DC and supplies it to the battery at the correct voltage. recharge stations for electric vehicles are rare. are expensive.
. in this case. The 7700 Hybrid is the first viable hybrid to be supplied and run. from its stables.
a visit that emphasized the emerging status of Volvo Buses in India. R Ashok. but Volvo Buses also has plans to increase exports from the plant in India also to markets outside south Asia. reiterates the commitment to the region and builds on the aspirations of the company to be a key player in the global market.
new paint shop. a
Inauguration of the ground for Volvo Buses India’s upcoming facility. Hakan Karlsson was present at the inauguration of a new depot facility by KsRTC dedicated to Volvo coaches and houses 170 coaches. The construction is for the manufacture of chassis. Mr.” President of Volvo Buses.” he said. he inaugurated the construction of a new facility under the purview of the expansion plans chalked out by Volvo Buses.
The President speaks. This is a result of country’s investment in increased bus traffic besides the strong position of Volvo Buses in India as a profitable & complete bus company and its new products. Hakan Karlsson visited Bangalore . The President along with the Minister of Home and Transport.
The Indian market is expected to increase 8-9% in the coming years.
“India is very important for Volvo Buses thanks to its large domestic market and as a base for export to other parts of the world. Mr. Recently Mr. a customer experience lounge and a competence development centre. a refurbishing centre. inaugurated a bus terminal in the city for BMTC Buses in Bangalore. export is currently 5% but is expected to increase to 25-30% in a few years.
The Guest of Honour
During his visit.
Inauguration of Volvo Bus Depot of KSRTC
. Håkan Karlsson “Volvo is the strongest brand in the bus and coach industry in India and we anticipate a strong sales increase in the coming years... The depot with its modern infrastructure enhances the customer comfort levels.The President visits Bangalore in India
The recent strategic business moves by Volvo Buses India.
Electronically Controlled Suspension System
The electronically controlled suspension (eCs) is a feature provided in all Volvo Buses. which mean that its control unit can exchange information with the other control units in the bus and compatible to driver diagnostics • Depending on the condition of bus standing still. etc.. to provide extremely precise regulation of the ride height and kneeling • The ECS always maintains the same height above the road surface and does not lean to one side though the load is unevenly distributed • ECS system constantly monitors the chassis height and maintains it at its normal height • ECS system regulates and sets the suspension height as the load changes in the vehicle • ECS is fully integrated in the Bus Electronic Architecture . the control unit sends signal to solenoid valve blocks at front and rear of the bus to increase or reduce pressure in the appropriate suspension air bellows
. kneeling to take passengers. cornering at speed.
• An Electronically Controlled Suspension (ECS) system controls the air pressure in the bellows.2 systems.
The Control unit continuously reads signals from sensors and compares with the stored bellow height values in memory. 4 level sensors and a sensor to measure bellows pressure. the control unit will close the activated valves. The benefit of eCs is evident while driver experiences sharp turn. two solenoid valve blocks. when the control unit decides the bus is at its normal height. i. an increase in the passenger load. kneeling function for easy entry-exit and above all safety of the complete vehicle and its occupant. When the values stored in the control unit agree with the ones from the level sensor.Description of System
eCs consists of a control unit. excellent road handling. unevenness on the road. the control unit sends signals to solenoid valve blocks located at front and rear axle. The four level sensors consists’ of potentiometers. The valves inside blocks are activated either fills or empties the air bellows.e. Also while the vehicle is stationary the front and side kneeling functionality of eCs ensures easy exit and entry in case of a low floor city bus. offers high ride comfort. In conclusion. sudden application of brakes while driving on a highway or city roads. eCs always ensures easy maneuverability. If the values don’t agree with the stored ones.
. the voltage of which depends on the bellows height.
Requirement: The superstructure of the vehicle shall
have the sufficient strength to ensure that the residual space during and after the rollover test on complete vehicle is unharmed. In Volvo buses Galvanized steel bus body is designed in a way that it absorbs energy acting on them because of roll over. ROP is one of the protective safety feature incorporated in Volvo buses. and the child-sized crash test dummies were also sitting on booster seats. Volvo Buses meets the R66 european standard requirements with quite a good margin offering best roll over Protection. The adultsized crash test dummies in the test were harnessed using 3-point seat belts.speciAl feAture
oll-over protection comes into role at the times of over driving or overestimating curve speed limit (e.g. highway exits).
Provide survival space for the passengers and driver via the strength of the superstructure Avoid the ejection of passengers and driver from the bus by means of safety belts Reduce or limit the bio-mechanical injuries
Benefits: n The risk of injury to the driver and passengers are avoided in case of accidents
enhanced bus & passenger safety
Steel structures of the Volvo Bus
Roll over protection tests conducted by Volvo Buses (Test only)
. The 3-point seat belts work in an accident where the coach drives off the road and rolls over. The superstructures used in the vehicle are of sufficient strength and has met eCe R66 requirements with a good margin • The B-pillar is also relatively stiff consisting of several tube sections welded together • Specialized structures are used to distribute the energy absorbed throughout the body in order to ensure better passenger and driver safety • By using suitable reinforcements on the A-pillar and cant rail joint drivers safety is enhanced
ECE R66: european regulation ‘eCe R66’ is in force to
prevent the catastrophic consequences of such rollover accidents from occurring and thereby ensuring passenger safety for buses and coaches. • The super-structure consists of a relatively stiff rear end that utilizes shear plates. This means: • No displaced part of the vehicle intrudes into the residual space • No part of the residual space shall project outside the contour of the deformed structure Volvo performed an authentic test where the vehicle rolls down a slope. After the test all crash test dummies remained in their seats. european Regulation eCe R66 deals with strength of bus superstructure and maintenance of a survival space in order to ensure driver and passenger safety in case of roll over. If people had been in the seats the injuries sustained are estimated to have been negligible or very minor. closing curves.
comfort & safety for passengers and offering the best in transport economy for the fleet operators.drivers. Again and again. it has become the bestselling coach in the country.Nothing succeeds like success
VolVo 9400Xl . With advanced features like electronic suspension. customers and everyone associated.
. electronic brakes. the latest generation engine management system among other industry-leading features. passengers. the Volvo 9400XL has set the standards once more.The CoaCh of The Year
olvo 9400XL is the first multi-axle in India and has raised the industry standards again. leading across all elements . In just an year since its introduction. India is progressing and Volvo Buses will continue to ensure that the future is safer and friendlier for all .
raised the bar of its services by inducting 16 of the 40 Volvo 9400 XL multi-axle inter-city coaches ordered.
VRL places the largest ever order of 100 Volvo 9400 XL
Volvo Buses in India received the largest order ever in India for 100 multi-axle coaches from VRL Logistics Ltd.
. Mr. The ceremony was held at Bandra (east). Hakan Karlsson.volvo BuZZZZ indiA
Mr. The keys were handed over by Mr. BBMP Commissioner. Volvo Buses in south Africa launched the 3-axle Volvo 9400 at the annual operators’ seminar in Johannesburg. Mumbai becomes the 12th city to deploy Volvo City Bus for urban mobility in the country. It is an order for five Volvo 9400 to Greyhound to be delivered by end of May. With this. President and CeO Volvo Buses Corporation inaugurated TTMC (Traffic and Transits Management Center) at Bangalore during his visit to India in early January 2011. along with Mr. Chairman of VRL. Akash Passey.
Volvo City Buses drive into Mumbai
After the successful launch of the city bus in Navi Mumbai.
Namma Bengaluru Award for BMTC
After several months of expectations. Vice President. Mr. From among the nominees in the individual public category H siddaiah. Vijay sankeshwar. R Ashok.
Exports to South Africa from India
Volvo Buses has got its first order of Volvo Bus India produced coaches to south Africa. took delivery of the first multi-axle in Bangalore. Managing Director. Volvo Buses. Karnataka Govt. was announced here on Wednesday. Volvo Buses India was also present. the Namma Bengaluru 2010 awards. the first STU to induct Volvo 9400 XL coaches
Karnataka state Road Transport Corporation (KsRTC). with the shiv sena executive President uddhav Thackeray inaugurating the Volvo Bus services. Minister Home and Transport. Recently. the Brihanmumbai electric supply and Transport undertaking (BesT) has ordered 50 Volvo 8400 City Buses to be introduced in its fleet. This is the first export from India outside the earlier export markets like sri Lanka and Bangladesh. Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) bagged the award in the institutional category. Rune Lundberg. Volvo Buses India commenced deliveries of this benchmark order in December 2010. the largest operator of Volvo luxury coaches in India.
65 billion seK. Volvo will provide the units together with Volgren Australia.
. The new vehicles mark another significant investment in the support of green friendly transportation by Arriva and Transport for London Volvo’s hybrid bus is a parallel hybrid. The electric engine operates on a battery that is charged by recycling the brake energy. where a smaller diesel engine and an electric engine can be operated dependently or jointly. who will manufacture the bus bodies at its facility in Malaga.volvo BuZZZZ gloBAl
Volvo wins Australian order for 650 buses
Volvo Bus in Australia has won the prestigious order from Public Transport Authority of Western Australia (PTA) to supply of up to 650 low floor city buses over the next 10 years to Perth.
Volvo secures order for 463 buses in South America
Volvo Buses has secured an order for 463 bus chassis for Curitiba in Brazil and Quito in ecuador. outside Mexico City. which operates in the city of Graz. including chassis and bodies.
Innovation Award for Volvo 7700 Hybrid
Volvo Buses in Austria received the innovation award for the Volvo 7700 Hybrid. All of the buses are to be deployed in the efficient transportation solutions known as Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) systems.
20 new Volvo hybrid buses for London
Volvo Buses has officially handed over 20 Volvo B5L hybrid Double Deck buses to Arriva London. All 463 chassis are to be manufactured at Volvo Buses’ plant in Curitiba commencing in January with deliveries scheduled during 2011. The buses will be assembled at Volvo Buses’ plant in Tultitlán. Delivery has already commenced and is scheduled to be completed during 2011. The award was presented by the Federal Procurement Corporation in Austria (BBG). is approximately 2.
Major order for Volvo Buses in Mexico
Volvo Buses has secured an order for 409 Volvo 9700 coaches in Mexico. The total value of the contract. which coordinates the country’s public procurements. WA.
“Quality is a core value in Volvo and I am proud to be part of it.PQA Ravikumar has been with Volvo Buses for over 3 years now.
. It gives me a great pleasure to ensure that every Volvo Bus that leaves the plant carries our commitment of quality and safety”.
Ravikumar s R