Drawing Botanicals

at Montalvo Art Center Class:3 Pen and Ink
Thursday, 3/27/08 6:30 PM - 8:30 PM

Benefits of Ink
• • • •
Convenient: You can easily carry all the materials you need to create an ink drawing. Attractive and Professional: Inked drawings are aesthetically pleasing as artwork, mementos and gifts. Fidelity: Does not loose detail when copied. Affordable to publish: Black and white “Line Drawings” are less expensive to publish than color images, because it requires only one color of ink.

Outline with minimal shading for clarity and ease of identification


Exercise:1, Stipple shade

Choice of shading technique

Exercise:2, Line shade

Shading with Pen and Ink
• Line drawing: Drawing with ink, using a single undiluted

• Line shade:

Drawing closely spaced lines, dashes, or dots to create the illusion of shades of grey. lines, Contour line, Wavy line, Dashed line, Stipple, Crosshatch, Criss-cross and Scribble.

• Types of line: Un-weighted line, Weighted line, Straight

• Illusion of depth: Diminishing line
break, overlap, converging lines, baselines.

Pen and Ink Technique

weight, diminishing value of shade.

• Other perspective techniques: Line
• •
Illusion of volume: Shadows follow contour, weighted line. Illusion of texture: Crosshatch, or variable stipple shading technique and rough, variable weight outline.

Brush pen grip

Vertical and Horizontal: Press, roll, pull and lift.

Exercise:3, Brush pen strokes

Exercise 4: Brush pen strokes

Chinese painting Techniques by Alison Stilwell Cameron

Brush pen: Line

Exercise:5, Variable line shade

Exercise:6, Line shade

Exercise: 7, Art pen line shade

Correcting the cactus pattern Texture contrast: Hard edge and soft edge

Exercise:8, Art pens


Exercise:9, Stipple

Texture pattern

Value contrast with background


Regular “Actinomorphic” Flower Radial Symmetry unweighted Line, simplified shading,

Radial Symmetry



Reference books used in Edward Rooks’ presentation on Drawing Botanicals
Books on Botanical Art:
1) “Botanical Illustration in Watercolor” by Eleanor B. Wunderlich 2) "How to Draw Plants: The Techniques of Botanical Illustration" by Keith West 3) “Flowers & Botanicals” by Diane Cardaci 4) "The Art of Botanical Painting" by Margaret Stevens 5) “The Guild Handbook of Scientific illustrators” Edited by Elaine R.S. Hodges 6) “Scientific Illustration”, by Phyllis Wood

Other Reference Books:
1) “Sketching your Favorite Subjects in Pen & Ink” by Claudia Nice. 2) “The Book of Botanical Prints” by Basilius Besler 3) “Native Shrubs of the San Francisco Bay Region” by Roxanne S. Ferris 4) A Guide to Field Identification: “Trees of North America” by C. F. Brockman

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