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Bharti Airtel Limited
(Incorporated as a public limited company on July 7, 1995 under the Companies Act, 1956) Qutab Ambience, H-5/12, Mehrauli Road, New Delhi 110030, India
October 31, 2008
The financial statements included in this quarterly report fairly presents in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations, cash flows of the company as of, and for the periods presented in this report. Mobile Services I Enterprise Services Telemedia Services I
Safe Harbor: - Some information in this report may contain forward-looking statements. We have based these forwardlooking statements on our current beliefs, expectations and intentions as to facts, actions and events that will or may occur in the future. Such statements generally are identified by forward-looking words such as “believe,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “continue,” “estimate,” “expect,” “may,” “will” or other similar words. A forward-looking statement may include a statement of the assumptions or bases underlying the forward-looking statement. We have chosen these assumptions or bases in good faith, and we believe that they are reasonable in all material respects. However, we caution you that forwardlooking statements’ and assumed facts or bases almost always vary from actual results, and the differences between the results implied by the forward-looking statements and assumed facts or bases and actual results can be material, depending on the circumstances. You should also keep in mind that any forward-looking statement made by us in this report or elsewhere speaks only as of the date on which we made it. New risks and uncertainties come up from time to time, and it is impossible for us to predict these events or how they may affect us. We have no duty to, and do not intend to, update or revise the forwardlooking statements in this report after the date hereof. In light of these risks and uncertainties, any forward-looking statement made in this report or elsewhere may or may not occur and has to be understood and read along with this supplemental disclosure. States dollar amounts referred to herein could have been or could be converted into United States dollars or Indian Rupees respectively, as the case may be, at any particular rate, the above rates or at all. Any discrepancies in any table between totals and sums of the amounts listed are due to rounding off. Information contained on our websites www.bhartiairtel.in, www.airtel.in, www.airteltelephone.com, www.airtel-broadband.com, www.airtellongdistance.com and www.airtelenterprise.com is not part of this Quarterly Report.
Use of Certain Non-GAAP measures: - This result announcement contains certain information on the Company’s results of operations and cash flows that have been derived from amounts calculated in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US GAAP), but are not in themselves US GAAP measures. They should not be viewed in isolation as alternatives to the equivalent US GAAP measures and should be read in conjunction with the equivalent US GAAP measures. Further, disclosures are also provided under “Use of Non - GAAP financial information” on page 21.
General Risk: - Investment in equity and equity related securities involve a degree of risk and investors should not invest any funds in this Company unless they can afford to take the risk of losing their investment. For taking an investment decision, investors must rely on their own examination of Bharti Airtel including the risks involved.
Others: - In this report, the terms “we”, “us”, “our”, “Bharti”, or “the Company”, unless otherwise specified or the context otherwise implies, refer to Bharti Airtel Limited (“Bharti Airtel”) and its subsidiaries, Bharti Hexacom Limited (“Bharti Hexacom”), Bharti Airtel Services Limited, Bharti Aquanet Limited (“Bharti Aquanet”), Bharti Infratel Limited (Bharti Infratel), Bharti Telemedia Limited (Bharti Telemedia), Bharti Airtel (USA) Limited, Bharti Airtel (UK) Limited, Bharti Airtel (Canada) Limited, Bharti Airtel (Hong Kong) Limited, Bharti Airtel Lanka (Private) Limited, Bharti Airtel (Singapore) Private Ltd., Network i2i Limited, Bharti Airtel Holdings (Singapore) Pte Ltd, Bharti Infratel Lanka (Private) Limited (subsidiary of Bharti Airtel Lanka (Private) Limited) and Bharti Infratel Ventures Limited (subsidiary of Bharti Infratel).
Convenience translation: - We publish our financial statements in Indian Rupees. All references herein to “Indian Rupees” and “Rs.” are to Indian Rupees and all references herein to “US dollars” and “US$” are to United States dollars. All translations from Indian Rupees to United States dollars were made (unless otherwise indicated) using the rate of Rs. 46.45 = US $1.00, the noon buying rate as announced by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York on September 30, 2008. All amounts translated into United States dollars as described above are provided solely for the convenience of the reader, and no representation is made that the Indian Rupees or United
Disclaimer: - This communication does not constitute an offer of securities for sale in the United States. Securities may not be sold in the United States absent registration or an exemption from registration under the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended. Any public offering of securities to be made in the United States will be made by means of a prospectus and will contain detailed information about the Company and its management, as well as financial statements.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section 1 - Bharti Airtel – Performance at a glance Section 2 - An Overview Section 3 - Financial Highlights as per US GAAP 3.1 3.2 3.3 Consolidated - Summary of Consolidated Financial Statements Segment-wise Summarized Statement of Operations Segment-wise Investments and Contribution 7 8 9 11 4 5
Section 4 - Operating Highlights Section 5 - Management Discussion and Analysis 5.1 5.2 Key Industry and Company Developments Results of Operations
14 17 19 21
Section 6 - Stock Market Highlights Section 7 - Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information Annexure - Detailed Financial and Related Information A.1 A.2 A.3 A.4 A.5 Glossary Consolidated Financial Statements as per US GAAP Trend and Ratio Analysis Key Accounting Policies as per US GAAP Summarized Consolidated Profit & Loss Statement as per Indian GAAP Summary of differences in net income / profit between US GAAP and Indian GAAP
28 31 35 39 39 40
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Section 1 BHARTI AIRTEL – PERFORMANCE AT A GLANCE
Full Year Ended March 31, Particulars
Quarter Ended 2008 64,268 61,985 2,283 June 30, 2008 71,777 69,384 2,394 Sept 30, 2008 79,989 77,479 2,509
2005 Total Customer Base Mobile Services Telemedia Services 000’s. 000’s. 000’s. 11,842 10,984 857
2006 20,926 19,579 1,347
2007 39,013 37,141 1,871
Consolidated financials as per US GAAP Revenue EBITDA Cash profit from operations Income before income taxes Net income INR Mn. INR Mn. INR Mn. INR Mn. INR Mn. 80,028 30,128 28,132 16,604 14,978 116,215 43,374 40,862 25,366 22,567 185,196 74,508 73,070 48,860 42,571 270,250 113,715 111,374 76,537 67,008 84,833 35,221 33,389 23,814 20,250 90,203 36,993 31,252 19,724 20,463
Consolidated financials as per US GAAP Revenue EBITDA Cash profit from operations Income before income taxes Net income Key Ratios EBITDA Margin Net Profit Margin Net Debt to Stockholders Equity 5 Return on Stockholders Equity Return on Capital employed
1. 2. 3. 4.
US$ Mn. US$ Mn. US$ Mn. US$ Mn. US$ Mn.
1,835 691 645 381 343
2,613 975 919 570 507
4,297 1,729 1,695 1,134 988
6,753 2,841 2,783 1,912 1,674
1,976 820 778 555 472
1,942 796 673 425 441
% % Times % %
37.6% 18.7% 0.66 28.0% 18.0%
37.3% 19.4% 0.45 29.5% 21.3%
40.2% 23.0% 0.31 37.4% 28.2%
42.1% 24.8% 0.19 38.0% 31.7%
41.5% 23.9% 0.17 37.9% 33.8%
41.0% 22.7% 0.20 35.9% 33.9%
Annual financial highlights for the year ended March 31, 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008 are based on consolidated audited results as per United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US GAAP). Financial highlights for the quarter ended June 30,2008 and September 30, 2008 are audited and are based on the consolidated results as per United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US GAAP). Income before income taxes for the full year ended March 31, 2006, March 31, 2007 and March 31, 2008 as well as quarter ended June 30, 2008 and September 30, 2008 are after fringe benefit tax. Exchange rate for Rupee conversion to US$ is (a) Rs. 43.62 for the financial year ended March 31, 2005 (b) Rs. 44.48 for the financial year ended March 31, 2006 (c) Rs. 43.10 for the financial year ended March 31, 2007 (d) Rs. 40.02 for the financial year ended March 31, 2008 (e) Rs. 42.93 for the quarter ended June 30, 2008 and (f) Rs 46.45 for the quarter ended September 30, 2008 being the noon buying rate as announced by The Federal Reserve Bank of New York at the end of the respective periods. Net Debt to Stockholders Equity for the period amounts to 0.09 times exclusive of fully and compulsory convertible, non-cumulative, unsecured and interest free Debentures.
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revenue leadership in this rapidly growing segment of the ICT market. The strategy of our Telemedia business is to focus on cities with high revenue potential, except for DTH which is an allIndia offering. We launched Airtel digital TV, our DTH (Direct to Home) Satellite TV service, starting October 9, 2008. Airtel digital TV is available to customers through 21,000 retail points including Airtel Relationship Centres in 62 cities across the country. Enterprise Services - Enterprise Services provides a broad portfolio of services to large Enterprise and Carrier customers. This division comprises of the Carrier and Corporate business unit. Enterprise Services is regarded as the trusted communications partner to India's leading organizations, helping them to meet the challenges of growth. Carriers – Carrier business unit provides long distance wholesale voice and data services to carrier customers as well as to other business units of Airtel. It also offers virtual calling card services in the overseas markets. The business unit owns a state of the art national and international long distance network infrastructure enabling it to provide connectivity services both within India and connecting India to the world. The national long distance infrastructure comprises of 83,389 Rkms of optical fibre, over 1,500 MPLS and SDH POPs and over 1,000 POIs with the local exchanges, providing a pan India reach. The international infrastructure includes ownership of the i2i submarine cable system connecting Chennai to Singapore, consortium ownership of the SMW4 submarine cable system and investment in capacities across a number of diverse submarine cable systems across transatlantic and transpacific routes. In recent past it has announced investments in new cable systems such as Asia America Gateway (AAG), India Middle East and Western Europe (IMEWE), Unity North, & EIG (Europe India Gateway). Corporates – This business unit delivers end to end telecom solutions to India’s large corporates. It serves as the single point of contact for all telecommunication needs for corporate customers in India by providing full suite of communication services across data, voice and managed services. It specializes in providing customized solutions to address unique requirements of different industry verticals; BFSI, IT, ITeS, Manufacturing and distribution, media, education, telecom, Government and PSUs and retail among others. Backed by the alliances with leading technology companies worldwide and state of the art infrastructure, it offers complete range of telecom solutions. These solutions enable corporates to network their offices within India and across the globe, provide them infrastructure to run business critical
We are one of India’s leading providers of telecommunication services with a nationwide presence in all the 23 licensed jurisdictions (also known as Telecom Circles). We served an aggregate of 79,988,675 customers as of September 30, 2008; of whom 77,479,215 subscribe to our GSM services and 2,509,460 use our Telemedia Services either for voice and/or broadband access delivered through DSL. We are the largest wireless service provider in the country, based on the number of subscribers as of September 30, 2008. We also offer an integrated suite of telecom solutions to our enterprise customers, in addition to providing long distance connectivity both nationally and internationally. We have recently forayed into media by launching our DTH Services in October 2008. All these services are rendered under a unified brand “Airtel”. The company also deploys, owns and manages passive infrastructure pertaining to telecom operations under its subsidiary Bharti Infratel Limited. Bharti Infratel owns 42% of Indus Towers Limited. Bharti Infratel and Indus Towers are the two top providers of passive infrastructure services in India. 2.2 Business Divisions
Mobile Services - We offer mobile and fixed wireless services (FWP) using GSM technology on 900MHz and 1800MHz bands, and are the largest wireless service provider in the country, based on the number of customers. Our 77,479,215 mobile customers accounted for a market share of 24.6% of wireless market, as on September 30, 2008. We offer post-paid, pre-paid, roaming and value added services through our extensive sales and distribution channel covering 1,008,031 outlets. Our network is present in 5,050 census towns and 384,521 non-census towns and villages in India, thus covering approximately 77% of the country’s population. Our network operating centers, which monitor the health of our mobile network are located in Gurgaon, near Delhi, and Chennai. Telemedia Services – We provide broadband (DSL) and telephone services (fixed line) in 95 cities with growing focus on new media and entertainment solutions such as DTH & IPTV. We had 2,509,460 customers as on September 30, 2008 of which 36.7% were subscribing to broadband/ internet services. Our product offerings in this segment include supply and installation of fixed-line telephones providing local, national and international long distance voice connectivity and broadband Internet access through DSL. We also remain strongly committed to our focus on Small and Medium Business enterprises .We provide a range of customised Telecom/ IT solutions and aim to achieve
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applications and provide them means to connect with their customers, vendors and employees. These services include; Internet, MPLS -VPN, domestic and international private leased circuits, Satellite services (VSAT), Audio & Video conferencing, Data centre services, Managed network services, corporate value added services, EPBX, Centrex, Contact centre solutions. Passive Infrastructure Services – Bharti Infratel provides passive infrastructure services on a non-discriminatory basis to all telecom operators in India. Bharti Infratel deploys, owns and manages passive infrastructure on an all India basis. The company had approx 60,000 towers as on Sep 30, 2008, out of which approx 35,000 towers would be transferred to Indus Towers Ltd (a Joint Venture between Bharti Infratel, Vodafone & Idea Cellular). 2.3 Partners
quality service to our customers. The investment made by SingTel in Bharti is one of their largest investments made in the world outside Singapore. Equipment and Technology Partners - We have established strong alliances with equipment and technology partners who share the same drive for the development of innovative solutions. Ericsson, Nokia and Huawei are equipment partners supporting our aggressive expansion plans by deploying state of the art technology across our networks. IBM has been working closely with us to transform our IT system, key business processes and establishing an enterprise integration platform. Telephone services and long distance networks equipment partners include Siemens, Nortel, CISCO, WIPRO among others. Nortel, IBM Daksh, Mphasis, Firstsource, Teleperformance and HTMT are associated with us for providing excellent customer experience through dedicated call center operations. We recently entered into a strategic partnership with Infosys to provide a suite of products, including devices, application servers and interactive applications to enhance digital lifestyle for our customers.
Strategic Equity Partners - We have a strategic alliance with SingTel, which has enabled us to further enhance and expand our telecommunications networks in India to provide
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Section 3 FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS
This section presents the (1) audited financial results for the second quarter and half year ended September 30, 2007 and (2) audited financial results for the second quarter and half year ended September 30, 2008 as per United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (USGAAP).
Detailed financial statements, analysis and other related information is attached to this report as Annexure (page 28). Also, kindly refer to Section 7 (use of Non - GAAP financial information on page 21) and Glossary (page 40) for detailed definitions.
Consolidated - Summary of Consolidated Financial Statements Consolidated Summarized Statement of Operations (net of inter segment eliminations)
Amount in Rs. Million, except ratios Quarter Ended Particulars Total revenues EBITDA Cash profit from operations before Derivative and Exchange Fluctuation Cash profit from operations after Derivative and Exchange Fluctuation Income before Income taxes Current tax expense Income after current tax expense Deferred tax expense / (Income) Net income EBITDA / Total revenues Sept. 2008 90,203 36,993 37,114 31,252 19,724 1,763 17,961 (3,010) 20,463 41.0% Sept. 2007 63,374 27,097 26,330 25,971 17,472 2,120 15,351 (985) 16,139 42.8% 27% Y-on-Y Growth 42% 37% 41% 20% 13% -17% 17% Half Year Ended Sept. 2008 175,036 72,214 71,983 64,641 43,539 4,816 38,723 (2,781) 40,713 41.3% Sept. 2007 122,420 51,563 50,154 52,189 36,372 4,368 32,004 361 31,255 42.1% 30% Y-on-Y Growth 43% 40% 44% 24% 20% 10% 21%
Consolidated Summarized Balance Sheet
Particula rs ASSETS Total current assets Total non current assets Total assets LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY Total current liabilities Total non current liabilities Total liabilities Minority Interest Total stockholders' equity Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
Amount i n Rs. Million As at September 30, 2008 127,257 414,549 541,806
210,007 62,627 272,634 9,892 259,280 541,806
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Segment - wise Summarized Statement of Operations Mobile Services - comprises of consolidated statement of operations of Mobile Services.
Quarter Ended Particulars Total revenues EBITDA EBIT EBITDA / Total revenues Sept. 2008 72,843 22,009 15,728 30.2% Sept. 2007 50,579 20,728 14,058 41.0% Y-on-Y Growth 44% 6% 12%
Amount in Rs. Million, except ratios Half Year Ended Sept. 2008 141,993 43,227 31,448 30.4% Sept. 2007 97,554 39,814 27,379 40.8% Y-on-Y Growth 46% 9% 15%
Telemedia Services - comprises of consolidated statement of operations of Telemedia Services.
Amount in Rs. Million, except ratios Quarter Ended Particulars Total revenues EBITDA EBIT EBITDA / Total revenues Sept. 2008 8,486 3,696 2,270 43.6% Sept. 2007 7,023 2,790 1,680 39.7% Y-on-Y Growth 21% 32% 35% Sept. 2008 16,474 7,063 4,251 42.9% Half Year Ended Sept. 2007 13,536 4,891 2,623 36.1% Y-on-Y Growth 22% 44% 62%
Enterprise Services – comprises of the Enterprise Services – Carriers (Long distance services) and Enterprise Services – Corporates
Amount in Rs. Million, except ratios Quarter Ended Particulars Total revenues EBITDA EBIT EBITDA / Total revenues Sept. 2008 21,874 9,369 7,971 42.8% Sept. 2007 13,471 4,897 3,977 36.4% Y-on-Y Growth 62% 91% 100% Sept. 2008 41,446 18,024 15,355 43.5% Half Year Ended Sept. 2007 25,411 9,225 7,615 36.3% Y-on-Y Growth 63% 95% 102%
Enterprise Services – Carriers - comprises of the domestic, international long distance operations and landing station (at Chennai).
Amount in Rs. Million, except ratios Quarter Ended Particulars Total revenues EBITDA EBIT EBITDA / Total revenues Sept. 2008 17,002 7,351 6,352 43.2% Sept. 2007 10,048 3,462 2,740 34.5% Y-on-Y Growth 69% 112% 132% Sept. 2008 32,696 14,235 12,340 43.5% Half Year Ended Sept. 2007 19,258 6,631 5,495 34.4% Y-on-Y Growth 70% 115% 125%
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Enterprise Services – Corporates- comprises of end to end telecom solutions being provided to corporates
Amount in Rs. Million, except ratios Quarter Ended Particulars Total revenues EBITDA EBIT EBITDA / Total revenues Sept. 2008 4,872 2,018 1,619 41.4% Sept. 2007 3,423 1,435 1,237 41.9% Y-on-Y Growth 42% 41% 31% Sept. 2008 8,750 3,789 3,015 43.3% Half Year Ended Sept. 2007 6,153 2,594 2,120 42.2% Y-on-Y Growth 42% 46% 42%
Others – comprises of Bharti corporate offices and new projects
Amount in Rs. Million, except ratios Quarter Ended Particulars Total revenues EBITDA Depreciation and Others EBIT Sept. 2008 911 (1,284) 270 (1,554) Sept. 2007 546 (897) 114 (1,011) Y-on-Y Growth Sept. 2008 1,737 (2,528) (30) (2,498) Half Year Ended Sept. 2007 972 (1,535) 172 (1,708) Y-on-Y Growth -
Passive Infrastructure Services – represents Bharti Infratel Ltd, and comprises of passive infrastructure being provided to telecom operators
Quarter Ended Particulars Total revenues EBITDA EBIT EBITDA / Total revenues Sept. 2008 11,983 3,991 1,185 33.3% Sept. 2007 Y-on-Y Growth -
Amount in Rs. Million, except ratios Half Year Ended Sept. 2008 22,546 7,861 2,759 34.9% Sept. 2007 Y-on-Y Growth -
Segment-wise Investments and Contribution Investments in projects
Segment Mobile Services Telemedia Services Enterprise Services - Carriers Enterprise Services - Corporates Passive Infrastructure Services Others Total Less:- Accumulated Depreciation and Amortization Net Fixed Assets and Other Project Investment
Amount in Rs. Million, except ratios As at September 30, 2008 Rs. Million 266,388 59,891 68,006 7,274 129,103 4,411 535,073 128,191 406,882 % of Total 50% 11% 13% 1% 24% 1% 100%
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Segment-wise contribution to Revenue, EBITDA and Capital expenditure incurred during the period
Quarter Ended September 2008 Segment Mobile Services Telemedia Services Enterprise Services - Carriers Enterprise Services - Corporates Passive Infrastructure Services Others Sub Total Eliminations Total Revenue Rs. Million 72,843 8,486 17,002 4,872 11,983 911 116,097 (25,894) 90,203 % of total 81% 9% 19% 5% 13% 1% 129% -29% 100% 22,009 3,696 7,351 2,018 3,991 (1,284) 37,781 (788) 36,993 EBITDA Rs. Million % of total 59% 10% 20% 5% 11% -3% 102% -2% 100% 15,834 2,815 3,992 279 7,562 1,385 31,867 31,867 Capex Rs. Million % of total 50% 9% 13% 1% 24% 4% 100% 100%
Half Year Ended September 2008 Segment Mobile Services Telemedia Services Enterprise Services - Carriers Enterprise Services - Corporates Passive Infrastructure Services Others Sub Total Eliminations Total Revenue Rs. Million 141,993 16,474 32,696 8,750 22,546 1,737 224,196 (49,160) 175,036 % of total 81% 9% 19% 5% 13% 1% 128% -28% 100% 43,227 7,063 14,235 3,789 7,861 (2,528) 73,647 (1,433) 72,214 EBITDA Rs. Million % of total 60% 10% 20% 5% 11% -4% 102% -2% 100% 72,538 100% 32,734 5,116 9,231 532 22,889 2,036 72,538 Capex Rs. Million % of total 45% 7% 13% 1% 32% 3% 100%
Note1: Revenue and EBITDA eliminations are on account of inter-segment transactions. Capex is net of eliminations
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SECTION 4 OPERATING HIGHLIGHTS
The financial figures used for computing ARPU, Non Voice revenue, SMS revenue, Gross revenue per employee per month are based on United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US GAAP).
Bharti Airtel Consolidated
Parameters Customers on our Network Mobile Services Telemedia Services Total Non Voice Revenue as a % of Total Revenues Total Employees
Sept. 30, 2008 77,479 2,509 79,989 15.1% 25,616
June 30, 2008 69,384 2,394 71,777 14.8% 26,144
Q-on-Q Growth 12% 5% 11% -2%
Sept. 30, 2007 48,876 2,075 50,951 13.9% 23,264
Y-on-Y Growth 59% 21% 57% 10%
000's. 000's. 000's. % No.
Parameters Subscriber Base
Sept. 30, 2008 315,312 77,479 28,444 8,095 24.6% 28.5% 92.9% 98.4% 335 7.2 536 1.1% 1.4% 3.2% 4.3% 10.0%
June 30, 2008 286,868 69,384 25,789 7,399 24.2% 28.7% 92.3% 97.9% 350 7.5 534 1.0% 1.4% 3.8% 4.2% 9.7%
Q-on-Q Growth 10% 12% 10% 9%
Sept. 30, 2007 209,084 48,876 23,953 6,172 23.4% 25.8% 90.4% 95.4%
Y-on-Y Growth 51% 59% 19% 31%
All India Mobile Subscribers Mobile Customers on Bharti's Network Net Additions All India Mobile Subscribers Mobile Customers on Bharti's Network Market Share Bharti's Mobile Market Share Bharti's Market Share of Net Additions Pre-Paid Subscribers Total Customer Base Total Net Additions Other Operating Information Average Revenue Per User (ARPU) Average Revenue Per User (ARPU) Average Minutes of Use Per User Monthly Churn Post-paid Voluntary Churn Post-paid Company Initiated Churn Pre-paid Non Voice Revenue SMS Revenue as a % of Mobile Revenues Non Voice Revenue as a % of Mobile Revenues
000's. 000's. 000's. 000's. % % % % Rs. US$ Minutes % % % % %
-4% -4% 0%
366 7.9 469 1.1% 2.1% 3.8% 4.6% 9.8%
-8% -8% 14%
Note 2: All India mobile subscribers based on the report published by TRAI.
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Parameters Telemedia Customers Net additions Average Revenue Per User (ARPU) Average Revenue Per User (ARPU)
Unit 000's. 000's. Rs US$
Sept. 30, 2008 2,509 116 1,147 24.7
June 30, 2008 2,394 110 1,138 24.5
Q-on-Q Growth 5% 5% 1% 1%
Sept. 30, 2007 2,075 103 1,150 24.8
Y-on-Y Growth 21% 13% 0% 0%
Parameters Mobile Services Telemedia Services National Long Distance Services International Long Distance Services 3 Total Minutes on Network
Note 3: The minutes are gross of Intersegment Elimination
Unit Mn Min Mn Min Mn Min Mn Min Mn Min
Sept. 30, 2008 115,834 5,002 11,349 2,284 134,470
June 30, 2008 105,217 4,842 10,322 2,048 122,428
Q-on-Q Growth 10% 3% 10% 12% 10%
Sept. 30, 2007 64,375 4,596 6,774 1,345 77,089
Y-on-Y Growth 80% 9% 68% 70% 74%
Network and Coverage
Parameters Mobile Services Census Towns Non-Census Towns and Villages Population Coverage Network Sites Telemedia Services Cities covered Carriers (National Long Distance) Optic Fibre Network4
Sept. 30, 2008 5,050 384,521 77% 82,554 95 83,389
June 30, 2008 5,048 364,287 74% 75,876 94 78,540
Q-on-Q Growth 2 20,234 6,678 1 4,849
Sept. 30, 2007 4,876 290,000 65% 52,826 94 55,574
Y-on-Y Growth 174 94,521 29,728 1 27,815
No. No. % No. No. Rkms
Note 4: With effect from quarter ended September 2007, Optic Fibre Network is inclusive of owned fibre and swapped fibre. With effect from quarter ended December 2007, Optic Fibre Network is inclusive of intra city fibre, previously reported as only inter- city.
Passive Infrastructure Services
Parameters Towers Total Towers Ground Based Towers Roof Top Towers and Others Key Indicators Sharing Revenue per Sharing Operator per month Sharing Factor
Sept. 30, 2008 59,966 40,692 19,274 32,177 1.26
June 30, 2008 58,013 38,845 19,168 31,893 1.22
Q-on-Q Growth 3% 5% 1% 1%
Sept 30, 2007 -
Y-on-Y Growth -
No. No. No. Rs. Times
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Human Resource Analysis
Parameters Consolidated Total Employees Number of Customers per employee Mobile Services Number of Customers per employee Gross Revenue per employee per month Telemedia Services Number of Customers per employee Gross Revenue per employee per month Enterprise Services - Carriers Gross Revenue per employee per month Enterprise Services - Corporates Gross Revenue per employee per month
Sept. 30, 2008 25,616 3,123 9,527 2,985,491 224 252,241 3,171,423 855,187
June 30, 2008 26,144 2,745 8,130 2,700,981 208 231,757 2,838,810 678,217
Q-on-Q Growth -2% 14% 17% 11% 7% 9% 12% 26%
Sept. 30, 2007 23,264 2,190 6,010 2,073,226 186 209,456 2,167,918 631,123
Y-on-Y Growth 10% 43% 59% 44% 21% 20% 46% 36%
No. No. No. Rs. No. Rs. Rs. Rs.
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SECTION 5 MANAGEMENT DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
Key Industry and Company Developments
Industry Reduction in contribution to Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF): Presently, UASL / CMTS / Basic operators are paying licence fee @ 10%, 8% and 6% for Metro & “A” Category Service Areas, “B” Category Service Areas and “C” category service areas respectively out of which 5% is a USOF levy. Vide its order dated October 1, 2008, DoT has stated that from st 1 April 2009 onwards, if any UASL / CMTS / Basic operator’s coverage is more than 95% of the total number of Development Blocks, the applicable USOF levy / licence fee would be as under:Percentage Coverage of Applicable USOF Applicable Annual Licence total number of levy (as % of fee inclusive of USOF levy Development Blocks in AGR) (as % of AGR) a service area covered in respect of eligible by the licensee licensee Category of Service Area (except in 'Metro' service areas)
Spectrum shall be auctioned for 3G services in the 450 MHz band, 2x1.25 MHz in 800 MHz band for EVDO services, and in 1900 MHz band when it becomes available. v. The reserve price for auction of one block of 2x1.25 MHz spectrum in 800 MHz band shall be 25% of reserve price for 2x5 MHz in 2.1 GHz band. The reserve price for one block of spectrum in 450 MHz and 1900 MHz bands would be notified separately. vi. DoT has also issued a clarification that M&A guidelines will be applicable only for merger between 2 UASL holdings in a service area. vii. On annual spectrum fee on 3G services, DoT has stated that "the licensee shall pay annual spectrum charges of 1% on the incremental revenue due to 3G services after a period of 1 year. The method of calculation shall be notified separately". viii. The roll out obligations for 3G services in various service areas shall be as follows:Category Circle Metros A, B and C of At the end of 5 years from the date of 3G spectrum allocation 90% of Metro area 50% of the DHQs or cities in the service area out of which 15% of the DHQs should be rural SDCAs
'A' Up to 95% More than 95% 5% (no change) 3% 10 8
'B' 8 6
'C' 6 4
The verification of coverage of each Development Block will be based on verification of installation of identifiable physical infrastructure of the licensee for providing telecom access services. Allocation of 3G / BWA spectrum Vide its order dated August 1, 2008 & September 12, 2008, DoT has issued the guidelines for 3G & BWA, brief highlights of which are as under:1. i. Allocation of 3G spectrum Any person, (i) who hold a UASL / CMTS Licence or (ii) who has previous experience of running 3G telecom services; and (iii) gives an undertaking to obtain UASL before starting telecom operations, can bid for 3G spectrum. Spectrum shall be auctioned in blocks of 2x5MHz in 2.1GHz band. Each successful bidder shall be allocated only one block in a telecom service area The Reserve Price for a 2x5MHz block of spectrum shall be as under”Service Area Reserve Price (Rs. In Million) 1600 800 300
If licensee does not achieve its roll out obligations, it shall be given a further period of 1 year to do so by making payment of 2.5% of its successful auction bid (i.e. spectrum acquisition price) per quarter or part thereof as penalty. If licensee does not complete its roll out obligations even within the extended period of 1 year, the spectrum assignment shall stand withdrawn. Allocation of BWA spectrum Any person, (i) who hold a UASL / CMTS Licence or (ii) who holds ISP Licence Category “A” and “B” and (iii) who fulfills the eligibility criterion for obtaining a UASL and obtains UASL before starting telecom operations Spectrum in 2.5GHz and 2.3GHz bands shall be allocated for BWA services through bidding / auction. Each successful bidder can get 20MHz in 2.3GHz and 2.5GHz bands (TDD mode) in a telecom service area. The number of blocks shall be two in 2.3GHz and two in 2.5GHz band. Spectrum in 700MHz and 3.3-3.6GHz bands shall be auctioned as and when it becomes available. The Reserve Price for 20MHz (TDD) shall be as under”Service Area Reserve Price (Rs. In Million) for 20MHz Metro & Category “A” 800 Category “B” 400 Category “C” 150
Mumbai, Delhi & Category “A” Kolkata & Category “B” Category “C”
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The roll out obligations for BWA services in various service areas shall be as follows:Category Circle Metros A, B and C of At the end of 5 years from the date of BWA spectrum allocation 90% of Metro area 50% rural SDCAs area coverage
The operators shall pay an annual spectrum charge of 1% of AGR after a period of one year.
The regime of Carrier Selection is not justifiable on need & cost benefit basis As an alternative to Carrier Selection, TRAI has recommended to allow NLD / ILD operators to introduce their own NLD/ILD calling cards. As per TRAI, NLDO and ILDOs should not be allowed to provide local calls and other intelligent network based and value added services like televoting, toll free number, SMS/MMS and content services through their calling cards. NLDOs/ILDOs shall clearly indicate the specifications of the service to the subscriber at the time of entering into contract with such subscriber.
New Licence Regime for “Resale of International Private Leased Circuit (IPLC)” On September 24, 2008, DoT has introduced a new category of License called as – “Resale of IPLC” Service License. Brief highlights of the same are as under:i. The Resale of IPLC Provider is permitted to provide end-toend IPLC between India and country of destination for any capacity denomination. The licensee will have to take IPLC from ILDO The Licensee shall be permitted to enter into an arrangement for leased line with Access Providers, NLDOs and ILDO for provision of IPLC to end consumers. Licensee is allowed to sell bandwidth on retail basis with, or, without, value addition to end consumers. The Licensee shall not sell the bandwidth to other licensee of ‘Resale of IPLC” License. Public network is not to be connected with IPLC. Resale of IPLC’ Service provider may provide either itself or through Access Provider billing services to its customers
TRAI’s Recommendations on “Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO)” On August 6, 2008, TRAI made its recommendations on the entry of MVNO. Brief highlights of the same are as under:i. Definition of a MVNO shall be “MVNO is a licensee in any service area that does not have spectrum of its own for access service, but can provide wireless (mobile) access services to its own customers through an agreement with the licensed access provider, UAS/CMTS Licensee”. The spectrum for access services as on date would include: 2G, 3G and BWA spectrum. MVNO cannot participate in spectrum auction for Access Services in their service area, as they cannot have their own spectrum. Similarly, ISPs can become MVNOs if it does not have BWA spectrum. MVNO free to choose its business model (Full or Intermediate or Thin). Typically, a Thin MVNO would offer services in its own brand without any infrastructure and a Full MVNO could set up its own HLR, VLR, IN switches, MSC etc., but not the Radio Access Network (RAN). MVNO to get parented to an MNO in a service area. Arrangement/agreement between MNO and MVNO to be driven by market forces. Allocation of Numbers, Number portability, Interconnection with other service providers and roaming to be provided by parent MNO.
iv. v. vi. vii.
TRAI’s Tariff Order and Direction on “Tariff related issues”
On September 1, 2008, TRAI released “The Telecommunication th Tariff (48 Amendment) Order 2008 and a direction on the tariff related issues, a brief of which is as under:i. ii. The existing provisions related to minimum validity period of 6 months and maximum 25 tariff plans will continue. Subscribers to get full talk time on talk time recharges, barring an administrative fee which shall not exceed Rs.2 per recharge and applicable taxes. Customers in existing lifetime plans can migrate to new lifetime plans with lower entry fee without having to make additional payment or recharges. Lifetime customers need not recharge more than once in 6 months for remaining connected Blackout days (customary/festival days on which free/concessional calls/SMS are not available) limited to a maximum of 5 days in a calendar year. Such days to be pre-specified and no subsequent alteration or addition permitted. The charges applicable on these special days shall be explicitly conveyed to the subscribers. Promotional offers to be streamlined i.e. the period of promotional offer to be declared i.e. beginning and end dates of the offer and (ii) eligibility criteria for the offer to be clearly defined. on “Carrier
iv. v. vi.
The above recommendation is pending before DoT for its approval. TRAI’s Recommendations on “Internet Telephony” After the consultation Process, on August 18, 2008, TRAI has made the following recommendations on “Internet Telephony”:i. ISPs should be permitted full fledged, unrestricted internet telephony (i.e. calling from internet to PSTN/PLMN numbers and vice versa within India). ISPs need not establish direct PoIs with access service providers (i.e. BSOs/CMSPs/UASPs). ISPs shall connect for both intra and inter-circle calls to these access providers via the NLDOs only. NLDOs shall interconnect to ISPs through the internet cloud to enable unrestricted calling from PSTN/PLMN to internet telephony devices and vice versa. Interconnection with NLDOs may be used for intra and inter-circle internet telephony calls. NLDOs shall negotiate carriage charges with ISPs within the current ceiling prescribed by TRAI under IUC regulations (i.e. Rs.0.65/min).
iii. TRAI’s Direction and Recommendations Selection and NLD Calling Cards”
On August 20, 2008, TRAI issued the direction and recommendations on the issues related to Carrier Selection and NLD calling cards, the brief highlights of which are as under:-
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Applicable Termination Charges (currently Rs.0.30/min shall be payable for internet telephony calls originate from ISPs and terminating in the networks of BSOs/CMSPs/UASPs. vi. TEC shall identify numbering scheme for Internet Telephony subscribers. Special and Distinguishable blocks of numbers from the E.164 numbering scheme may be identified by TEC for Internet Telephony. DoT may charge ISPs (but not CMSPs/BSOs/UASPs) for allocation of such numbers for internet telephony. vii. ISPs need not provide emergency number dialling. However ISPs should clearly inform subscribers about the non-availability of such service. viii. No Quality of Service norms to apply to internet telephony. The above recommendation is pending before DoT for its approval. 5.1.2 Company
iPhone plus 3G networking that is twice as fast*, built-in GPS for expanded location-based mobile services, and iPhone 2.0 software which includes support for Microsoft Exchange ActiveSync and runs hundreds of third party applications available through the new App Store.
Bharti Airtel and RIM introduced the BlackBerry Bold for its customers in India. The BlackBerry Bold smartphone is the first BlackBerry® smartphone to support tri-band HSDPA high-speed networks around the world providing superior functionality and performance for business professionals and power users The World’s Most Prestigious Half Marathon is now the Airtel Delhi Half Marathon; in excess of 30,000 people will run together on November 9, 2008. Bharti Airtel launched ‘Airtel Innovation Fund' aimed at promoting innovation and entrepreneurship in the field of telecommunications. This is the first ever innovation fund in India specifically for the telecom sector. The objective of the Fund is to provide opportunities to entrepreneurs with a vision to build businesses based on innovative ideas. The Fund will have an initial corpus of Rs 200 crores and will be led and administered by Bharti Airtel. IDG India’s CIO magazine recognized Bharti Airtel Limited as a recipient of 2008 CIO 100 Award. The annual award program recognizes organizations that exemplify the highest level of operational and strategic excellence in information technology (IT). This year's award theme, "The Bold 100", recognizes those executives and organizations who embrace great risk for the sake of great reward. Bharti Airtel was also one of the five recipients of the Special 2008 CIO Security Award aimed at CIOs, whose pioneering implementations have taken their enterprise security to the next level. Airtel entered into a strategic outsourcing agreement with IBM to further enhance its customer service experience for its top end Platinum customers through process and technology innovation.
Bharti Airtel crossed the 79.98 million customers mark, becoming the largest integrated telecom company in India. th With this, Bharti Airtel has emerged as the 4 largest incountry mobile operator in the world. Bharti Airtel was voted as the ‘Best Cellular Service Provider’ and ‘Best Broadband Service Provider’ at the 2008 Voice & Data 100 Awards. The winners were selected on the basis of an extensive survey, across the Indian telecom industry, conducted by the Voice & Data magazine. Airtel made its television debut, redefining home entertainment with Airtel digital TV. The service is available to customers through 21,000 retail points including Airtel Relationship Centres in 62 cities across the country.
Sunil Mittal received the 'Business Leader Transforming India Award 2008' at the NDTV Profit Business Awards. In addition Bharti Airtel was adjudged the ‘Best Telecom Company’. Bharti Airtel launched its virtual calling card service ‘Airtel CallHome’ in UK, Singapore and Canada. The service is particularly targeted at the huge Indian Diaspora, Non Resident Indians (NRIs) and Indian students in these markets. Bhartii Airtel entered into an innovation and technology partnership with Infosys Technologies Limited (Infosys) to deliver superior customer experience to the customers of Airtel digital TV, its Direct-To-Home (DTH) TV service. As part of its Digital Convergence Platform, Infosys will provide a suite of products including devices, application servers and interactive applications that will focus on providing an enhanced digital lifestyle to Airtel digital TV customers. Airtel and HP collaborate to promote Broadband and PC Penetration. Under the scope of the partnership, Airtel will offer consumers a broadband connection at Discounted Entry Cost with every HP and Compaq notebook and desktop. Bharti Airtel launched iPhone 3G for its customers in India. iPhone 3G combines all the revolutionary features of
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Results of Operations
The company has reported its audited financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2008. The financial statements have been prepared in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US GAAP).
Key Highlights - For the quarter ended September 30, 2008 • Overall Customer base at 79.9 million. • Highest ever-net addition of 8.2 million customers in a single quarter. • Market leader with a market share of all India wireless subscribers at 24.6% • Total Revenues of Rs. 90.2 billion (up 42% Y-o-Y). • EBITDA of Rs. 37 billion (up 37% Y-o-Y). • Cash profit from operations of Rs. 31.3 billion (up 20% Y-o-Y). • Net Profit of Rs. 20.5 billion (up 27% Y-o-Y).
Bharti Airtel Consolidated Customer Base As on September 30, 2008, the company had an aggregate of 79,988,675 customers, consisting of 77,479,215 GSM mobile and 2,509,460 Telemedia customers. Its total customer base as on September 30, 2008 increased by 57% compared to the customer base as on September 30, 2007. Revenues/Turnover During the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the company had revenues of Rs 90,203 million; a growth of 42% compared to the quarter ended September 30, 2007. Revenues from mobile services represented 81% of the total revenues for the quarter ended September 30, 2008. Non-voice revenue contributed to approximately 15.1% of the total revenues for the quarter. Operating Expenses (ex-revenue share license and spectrum fee) During the quarter ended September 30, 2008; the company incurred an operating expenditure of Rs. 31,212 million representing 34.6% of the total revenues. The operating expense comprises: Rs. 14,392 million towards network operations costs (~16.0% of turnover) Rs. 4,209 million towards employee costs, (~4.7% of turnover) Rs. 865 million towards equipments costs, and Rs. 11,746 million towards selling general and administrative costs (~13.0% of turnover) The operating expenses grew by 50.9% compared to the quarter ended September 30, 2007. The increase in the operating expenses is associated to the costs pertaining to the expansion of operations. EBITDA, Finance Cost and Cash Profit from Operations During the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the company had an EBITDA of Rs. 36,993 million; a growth of 37% compared to the quarter ended September 30, 2007. The EBITDA margin for the quarter was 41.0%. The net finance expense for the quarter ended September 30, 2008 was Rs. 5,741 million. The interest on borrowings during the quarter was Rs. 832 million and the finance income (primarily related to income on marketable securities) was Rs. 1,146 million. The balance amount was other finance costs, effect of exchange fluctuation and the effect of derivative accounting. The cash profit from operations after derivative and exchange fluctuations for the quarter was Rs. 31,252 million, an increase of 20%, as compared to the quarter ended September 30, 2007. During the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the company had depreciation and amortization expenses of Rs. 11,549 million. Income Before Income Taxes (PBT) The income before income tax for the quarter was Rs. 19,724 million, an increase of 13%, as compared to the quarter ended September 30, 2007. The current tax for the quarter ended September 30, 2008 was Rs. 1,763 million and deferred tax expense / (income) of Rs. (3,010) million. Net income The net income for the quarter ended September 30, 2008 was Rs 20,463 million. Balance Sheet As on September 30, 2008, the company had total assets of Rs. 541,806 million and total liabilities of Rs. 272,634 million respectively. The difference of Rs. 269,172 million was on account of stockholder’s equity and minority interest. The company had a net debt of Rs. 50,731 million (US$ 1092 million) as on September 30, 2008, resulting in a net debt to EBITDA (LTM) of 0.38 times. Capital Expenditure During the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the company incurred capital expenditure of Rs. 31,867 million (US$ 686 million). Human Resources As on September 30, 2008, the company had a total of 25,616 employees consisting of 8,133 in Mobile services, 11,214 in Telemedia services, 3,686 in Enterprise services, 2,233 in Others and 350 in Passive Infrastructure services.
Mobile Services Customer Base, Churn, ARPU and MoU As at the end of the quarter the company had 77,479,215 GSM mobile customers on its network, which accounted for a market share of 24.6% of the all India mobile market. Of its 77,479,215 GSM mobile customers as of September 30, 2008, post-paid customers contributed 7.1% to the overall customer base while pre-paid customers contributed the balance 92.9%. During the quarter, Bharti’s share of 8,095,499 net additions was 28.5% of all India wireless subscriber net additions.
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The average monthly churn for the quarter ended September 30, 2008 was 2.5% (1.1% voluntary churn and 1.4% company initiated churn) for its post-paid segment, and 3.2% for the prepaid segment. During the quarter, blended ARPU was Rs. 335 (US$ 7.2 ) per month as compared to Rs 350 (US$ 7.5 ) per month in the quarter ended June 30, 2008. The blended monthly usage per customer, during the quarter, was at 526 minutes. Non voice revenue, which includes Short Messaging Service (SMS), voice mail service, call management and other value added services like Hello Tunes, Music on Demand and Airtel Live contributed to approximately 10% of the total revenues of the segment. The Short Messaging Services (SMS) revenue, which is primarily text messaging, accounted for 4.3% of the total revenue of the segment, for the quarter ended September 30, 2008. Revenues, EBITDA and EBIT The revenues for the quarter ended September 30, 2008 for mobile services stood at Rs 72,843 million, an increase of 44% over the corresponding quarter last year. The revenue from this segment contributed to 81% of the total consolidated revenues. The EBITDA during the quarter ended September 30, 2008 was Rs. 22,009 million representing growth of 6% over the quarter ended September 30, 2007. The EBITDA margin for the quarter ended September 30, 2008 was 30.2%. The EBIT for the quarter ended September 30, 2008 was Rs 15,728 million as compared to Rs 14,058 million for the quarter ended September 30, 2007, an improvement of 12%. Capital Expenditure During the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the company incurred a capital expenditure of Rs 15,834 million (US$ 341 million) on its mobile services. Telemedia Services Customer Base and ARPU At the end of the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the company had its Telemedia operations in 95 cities. During the quarter, the company added 115,728 customers on its Telemedia networks with 2,509,460 customers as on September 30, 2008. The company had approximately 9.22 lakh customers (~ 36.7% of the total customer base) subscribing to broadband (DSL) services. The ARPU for the quarter was Rs. 1,147 (US$ 24.7) per month. Revenues, EBITDA and EBIT For the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the revenues from its Telemedia operations of Rs 8,486 million, represented a growth of 21% over the corresponding quarter last year. The EBITDA for the quarter was Rs. 3,696 million compared to Rs. 2,790 million in the corresponding prior year quarter, an increase of 32% respectively. The EBITDA margin for this segment was 43.6% for the quarter ended September 30, 2008. The EBIT for the quarter ended September 30, 2008 was Rs 2,270 million.
Capital Expenditure During the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the company incurred a capital expenditure of Rs. 2,815 million (US$ 61 million) on its Telemedia services. Enterprise Services – Carriers Revenues, EBITDA and EBIT For the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the revenues from its long distance services were Rs. 17,002 million, representing a growth of 69% over the corresponding quarter last year. The EBITDA from this segment during the quarter was Rs 7,351 million, an increase of 112% over the corresponding quarter last year. The EBITDA margin for the quarter, was 43.2%. The EBIT of this segment was Rs. 6,352 million representing an increase of 132% over the corresponding quarter last year. Capital Expenditure During the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the company incurred a capital expenditure of Rs. 3,992 million (US$ 86 million) on its Enterprise Services-Carriers. Enterprise Services - Corporates Revenues, EBITDA and EBIT For the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the revenue from this segment was Rs. 4,872 million, a growth of 42% over the corresponding quarter last year. The EBITDA for this segment for the quarter ended September 30, 2008 was Rs. 2,018 million. The EBITDA margin for this segment in the quarter ended September 30, 2008 was 41.4% The EBIT of this segment was Rs. 1,619 million representing a growth of 31% over the corresponding quarter last year. Capital Expenditure During the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the company incurred a capital expenditure of Rs. 279 million (US$ 6 million) on its Enterprise Services-Corporates. Passive Infrastructure Services Towers and Sharing Operators As at the end of the quarter, the company had 59,966 towers, out of which 40,692 were ground based and 19,274 were roof top towers and others. Sharing factor for the quarter ended September 30, 2008 was 1.26 times. Revenues, EBITDA and EBIT For the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the revenues from its passive infrastructure services were Rs. 11,983 million. The EBITDA from this segment during the quarter was Rs 3,991 million. The EBITDA margin for the quarter, was 33.3%. The EBIT of this segment was Rs. 1,185 million. Capital Expenditure During the quarter ended September 30, 2008, the company incurred a capital expenditure of Rs. 7,562 million (US$ 163 million) on its passive infrastructure services.
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STOCK MARKET HIGHLIGHTS
6.1 General Information
Shareholding and Financial Data Code/Exchange Bloomberg/Reuters No. of Shares Outstanding (30/09/08) Closing Market Price - BSE (30/09/08) Combined Volume (NSE & BSE) (01/07/08-30/09/08) Combined Value (NSE & BSE) (01/07/08-30/09/08) Market Capitalization Market Capitalization Book Value Per Equity Share Market Price/Book Value Net Debt to EBITDA (LTM) Enterprise Value Enterprise Value Enterprise Value/ Annualised Q2 Revenue Enterprise Value/ Annualised Q2 EBITDA Million Nos. Rs./Share No. in Mn/day Rs. bn./day Rs. bn US$ bn Rs./share Times Times Rs. bn US$ bn Times Times
532454/BSE BHARTI IN/BRTI.BO 1,898.10 785.05 4.95 3.87 1,490 32.08 136.60 5.75 0.38 1,541 33.17 4.27 10.41
Summarized Shareholding pattern as of September 30, 2008
Category Promoter & Promoter Group Indian Foreign Sub total Public Shareholding Institutions Non-institutions Sub total Total
Number of Shares 859,986,028 412,303,373 1,272,289,401
% 45.31% 21.72% 67.03%
544,496,381 81,315,822 625,812,203 1,898,101,604
28.69% 4.28% 32.97% 100.00%
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Bharti Airtel Daily Stock price (BSE) & Volume (Combined of BSE & NSE) Movement
1,000 price per share (Rs.)
20,000 16,000 volume (in 000's)
12,000 ` 8,000 4,000
400 01/07/08 08/07/08 15/07/08 22/07/08 29/07/08 05/08/08 12/08/08 19/08/08 26/08/08 02/09/08 09/09/08 16/09/08 23/09/08 30/09/08
Volume (in 000's)
Share Price (Rs.)
Comparison of Domestic Telecom stock movement with Sensex and Nifty
140 120 100 80 60 01/07/08 08/07/08 15/07/08 22/07/08 29/07/08 05/08/08 12/08/08 19/08/08 26/08/08 02/09/08 09/09/08 16/09/08 23/09/08 30/09/08
Bharti Sensex NSE Idea RCOM MTNL VSNL Spice
11.0% -0.8% 0.6% -13.9% -15.7% -3.4% 24.2% 5.5%
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SECTION 7 Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information
In presenting and discussing the Company’s reported financial position, operating results and cash flows, certain information is derived from amounts calculated in accordance with US GAAP, but this information is not in itself an expressly permitted GAAP measure. Such non - GAAP measures should not be viewed in isolation as alternatives to the equivalent GAAP measures. A summary of non - GAAP measures included in this report, together with details where additional information and reconciliation to the nearest equivalent GAAP measure can be found, is shown below.
Non - GAAP measure
Equivalent GAAP measure for USGAAP
Location in this results announcement of reconciliation and further information Consolidated : - Page 22, Mobile Services : - Page 23, Telemedia Services : - Page 24, Enterprise Services (Carriers): - Page 24, Enterprise Services (Corporates): - Page 24, Others: - Page 25, Passive Infrastructure Services : - Page 25. Consolidated : - Page 22, Mobile Services : - Page 23, Telemedia Services : - Page 24, Enterprise Services (Carriers): - Page 24, Enterprise Services (Corporates): - Page 24, Others: - Page 25, Passive Infrastructure Services : - Page 25. Page 22 Page 22 Page 22 Page 23 Page 23 Page 22 Page 22 Page 26 Page 26 Page 26 Page 26 Page 27 Page 27
Earnings before Interest, Taxation, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA)
Earnings before Interest and Taxation (EBIT)
Cash Profit from Operations after Derivative and Exchange Fluctuations Income after current tax expenses Net Revenues Total Non Current Assets Total Non Current Liabilities Earnings before Interest & Taxes Total Revenues Schedule of Cost of services Schedule of Operating expenses Schedule of Depreciation and Amortization Schedule of Net debt Schedule of Finance cost (net) Schedule of Income tax
Operating Income Income before taxation Total revenues N.A N.A N.A. N.A. N.A N.A N.A N.A N.A N.A
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Reconciliation of Non-GAAP financial information based on USGAAP Consolidated
Amount in Rs million Particulars Quarter Ended September 2008 Operating Income To EBITDA 25,444 11,549 36,993 Operating Income to Cash Profit from Operations Operating Income Depreciation and Amortization Interest income Interest expense Cash Profit from Operations 25,444 11,549 3,440 (9,181) 31,252 Operating Income to EBIT Operating Income Less: Share of profits in associates/ joint ventures Non operating expenses Add: Other income EBIT 93 160 274 25,465 Total Revenue to Net Revenue Total Revenue Less:Access charges Net Revenue 90,203 12,902 77,301 Income before Income taxes to Income after current tax expense Income before Income taxes Less:Current tax expense Income after current tax expense 19,724 1,763 17,961 43,539 4,816 38,723 175,036 25,328 149,708 206 161 859 51,112 25,444 50,620 50,620 21,594 6,824 (14,397) 64,641 Half Year Ended September 2008 50,620 21,594 72,214
Operating Income Depreciation and Amortization EBITDA
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Amount in Rs million Particulars Quarter Ended September 2008 Total Non Current Assets 366,248 13,478 27,043 112 54 7,614 414,549 Quarter Ended September 2008 Tota l Non Current Liabilities Half Year Ended S eptember 2008 366,248 13,478 27,043 112 54 7,614 414,549 Half Year Ended S eptember 2008 47,568 4,674 3,296 7,089 62,627
Property and equipment, net Acquired intangible a ssets, net Goodwill Investment in associates and joint ventures Restri cted cash, non-current Other assets Total Non Current Asse ts Particulars
Long-term debt, ne t of current portion Deferred taxes on income Unearned income- In defeasible right to use sales Other liabilities Total Non Current Lia bilities
47,568 4,674 3,296 7,089 62,627
Amount in Rs million Particulars Quarter Ended September 2008 Operating Inc ome To EBITDA Operating Income Depreciation and Amortization EBITDA 15,581 6,428 22,009 Operating Income to EBIT Operating Income Less: Share of profits in associate s/ joint ventures Non operating expenses Add: Other income EBIT 150 15,728 295 31,448 3 0 1 1 15,581 31,155 31,155 12,072 43,227 Half Year Ended S eptember 2008
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Amount in Rs million Particulars Quarter Ended September 2008 Operating Inc ome To EBITDA 2,227 1,469 3,696 Operating Income to EBIT Half Year Ended S eptember 2008 4,201 2,861 7,062
Operating Income Depreciation and Amortization EBITDA
Operating Income Add: Other income EBIT
2,227 43 2,270
4201 50 4251
Enterprise Services – Carriers
Amount in Rs million Particulars Quarter Ended September 2008 Operating Inc ome To EBITDA 6,278 1,073 7,351 Operating Income to EBIT Half Year Ended S eptember 2008 12,205 2,030 14,235
Operating Income Depreciation and Amortization EBITDA
Operating Income Add: Other income EBIT
6,278 74 6,352
12,205 135 12,340
Enterprise Services - Corporates
Amount in Rs million Particulars Quarter Ended September 2008 Operating Inc ome To EBITDA 1,616 402 2,018 Operating Income to EBIT Half Year Ended S eptember 2008 3,007 782 3,789
Operating Income Depreciation and Amortization EBITDA
Operating Income Add: Other income EBIT
1,616 3 1,619
3,007 8 3,015
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Amount in Rs million Particulars Quarter Ended September 2008 Operating Inc ome To EBITDA Operating Income Depreciation and Amortization EBITDA (1,399) 115 (1,284) Operating Income To EBIT Operating Income Less: Non operating expenses Add: Other Income EBIT 4 (1,554) 364 (2,498) 159 160 (1,399) (2,702) (2,702) 174 (2,528) Half Year Ended S eptember 2008
Passive Infrastructure Services
Amoun t in Rs mill ion Particulars Quarter Ended September 2008 Operating Income To EBITDA 1 ,275 2 ,716 3 ,991 Operating Income To EBIT Half Y ear Ended September 2008 2,953 4,908 7,861
Operating Income Depreciation and Amortization EBITDA
Operating Income Less: Share of profits in associate s/ joint ventures Add: Other Income EBIT
1 ,275 90 0 1 ,185
2,953 205 11 2,759
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Schedule to Financial Statements
Schedule of Cost of services
Amount in Rs mi llion Particulars Quarter Ended September 2008 12,902 9 ,096 14,392 4 ,209 11,273 51,872 Half Year Ended September 2008 25,328 17,630 26,715 8,176 21,202 99,051
Access charges Licence fees, revenue share and spectrum charges Network operations costs Employee costs Depreciation and Amortization (excluding intangibles) Cost of Services
Schedule of Operating expenses
Am ount in Rs m illion Particulars Quarter Ended Septem ber 2008 14,392 865 4 ,209 11,746 31,212 Hal f Year Ende d September 2008 26,715 1,049 8,176 23,924 59,864
Network operations costs Equipm ent co sts Em ployee costs Selling, general and ad ministrative costs Operating Expenses
Schedule of Depreciation and Amortization
Amount in Rs million Particulars Quarter E nded September 2008 10,990 156 234 169 11,549 Half Year Ended September 2008 20,676 310 314 293 21,593
Fixed Assets Licence Fees ESOP Intangibles Depreciation and Amortization
Schedule of Net debt
Amount in Rs million Particulars Long term debt, net of current portion Short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt Less: Cash and cash equivalents Restricted cash Restricted cash, non-current Short term investments Net Debt
Quarter Ended September 2008 47,568 53,914
Half Year Ended September 2008 47,568 53,914
10,484 84 54 40,129 50,731
10,484 84 54 40,129 50,731
Note 1: Net Debt for the period amounts to Rs 18,696 million exclusive of fully and compulsory convertible, non-cumulative, unsecured and interest free Debentures.
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Schedule of Finance cost (net)
Amount in Rs million Particul ars Quarter E nded September 2008 832 193 (1,146) 5,862 5,741 Half Y ear Ended September 2008 1,633 550 (1,952) 7,342 7,573
Interest on borrowings Finance charges Finance income Derivatives and exchange fluctuation Finance cost (net)
Schedule of Income tax
Amount i n Rs million Particulars Q uarter Ended September 2008 1,763 (3,010) (1,247) Half Year E nded September 2008 4,816 (2,781) 2,035
Current tax expense Deferred tax expense / (income) Incom e tax expense
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ANNEXURE – DETAILED FINANCIAL AND RELATED INFORMATION
Financial Statements as Per United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (US GAAP)
Consolidated Statement of Operations (as per US GAAP)
Amount i n Rs. Million, except ratios Quarter Ended Particulars Sept. 2008 Sept. 2007 Y-on-Y Growth 41% 0% 434% 42% Sept. 2008 Half Year Ended S ept. 2007 Y-on-Y Growth 43% 0% 178% 43%
Revenues S ervices Indefeasible right to use sales E quipment Sales Total Revenues Operating Expenses Cost of Services
( Inclusive of depreciation and amortization )
88,988 109 1,106 90,203
63,058 109 207 63,374
173,517 2 18 1,301 175,036
121,733 218 468 122,420
Costs of E quipment sales S elling, general & administrative expenses
( Inclusive of amortization of intangibles )
(12,022) (64,759) 25,444 (9,181) 3,440 (93) 274 (160) 19,724 1,247 (508) 20,463
(9,343) (45,339) 18,035 (1,267) 141 3 605 (46) 17,472 (1,135) (197) 16,139
29% 43% 41% 625% 2340%
(24,316) (124,416) 50,620 (14,397) 6,824 (206) 8 59 (161)
(18,614) (88,038) 34,382 (4,592) 5,218 2 1,414 (52) 36,372 (4,729) (388) 31,255
31% 41% 47% 214% 31%
Total Operating Expense Operating Income Interest expense Interest income S hare of profits in associates / joint ventures Other income Non operating expenses Income before Income Taxes Income tax expense Minority interest Net income E arnings per share for profit attributable to common shareholders Basic Diluted Weighted average number of shares used in computing earnings per share Weighted ave ra ge number of common shares (in millions) Weighted ave ra ge number of diluted shares (in millions)
43,539 (2,035) (791) 40,713
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Consolidated Balance Sheet (as per US GAAP)
Particulars ASSETS Cash and cash equivalents Accounts receivable, net of allowances for doubtful debts Unbilled receivables Inventories Short term investments Deferred taxes on income Derivative financial instruments Restricted cash Pre-paid expenses and other current assets Due from related parties Total Current Assets Property and equipment, net Acquired intangible assets, net Goodwill Investment in associates and joint ventures Restricted cash, non-current Other assets Total Assets LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY Current liabilities Short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt Trade payables Equipment supply payables Accrued expenses Unearned income Unearned income- Indefeasible right to use sales Derivative financial instruments Due to related parties Other current liabilites Total current liabilities Long-term debt, net of current portion Deferred taxes on income Unearned income- Indefeasible right to use sales Other liabilities Total liabilities Minority interest Stockholders' equity Common stock, par value Rs.10 per share Advances against equity Additional paid in capital Treasury stock Retained earnings Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) Total stockholders' equity Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
Amount in Rs. Million As at September 30, 2008 10,484 17,169 11,418 1,033 40,129 4,924 4,750 84 28,442 8,824 127,257 366,248 13,478 27,043 112 54 7,614 541,806
53,915 26,910 62,156 26,213 28,619 336 239 71 11,548 210,007 47,568 4,674 3,296 7,089 272,634 9,892 18,981 45 73,442 (110) 166,677 245 259,280 541,806
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Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows (as per US GAAP)
Amount in Rs. Million Particulars Quarter ended Half year ended September 30, 2008 September 30, 2008
Cash flows from operating activities Net income A dd: Non Cash items Depreciation and amortization Tax expense / (income) Impact of fair valuation of financial in struments Cash generated from operations before working capital changes (Increase)/decrease in working capital (Increase)/decrease in non-current assets Increase/(decrease) in non-current liabilities Net cash provide d/(used) by/in operating activities Cash flows from investing activities Purchase of property, p lant and equipment (Investment) / sale in associate Net cash provide d/(used) by/in investing activities Cash flows from financing activities Increase/(decrease) in borrowings Increase/(decrease) in Stockholders Equity Net cash provide d/(used) by/in financing activities Cash and cash equivalents Beginning of the period End of the period
Note 5: Includes short-term investments, restricted cash, restricted cash, non-current.
11,549 (1,247) 5,862 36,627 (7,155) (745) (1,321) (9,221)
21,593 2,035 7,355 71,696 3,581 (6,778) (135) (3,332)
(31,867) 3 (31,864)
(72,538) (4) (72,542)
(882) 1,151 269
(2,938) 2,861 (77)
g h=c+d+e+f +g
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Trend and Ratio Analysis
The financial figures used in the quarterly trends are based on US GAAP financial statements A.2.1 Based on Statement of Operations
Amount in Rs. Million Parameters Total Revenues A ccess and interconnection charges Op erating Expenses Licence Fee E BITDA Cash profit fro m operations after Derivative and E xch ange Fluctuations Income before income taxes Net income Sep-08 90,203 12,902 31,212 9,096 36,993 31,252 19,724 20,463 Sep-08 As a % of Total Revenues A ccess and interconnection charges Op erating Expenses Licence Fee E BITDA Cash profit fro m operations after Derivative and E xch ange Fluctuations Income before income taxes Net income 14.3% 34.6% 10.1% 41.0% 34.6% 21.9% 22.7% 14.6% 33.8% 10.1% 41.5% 39.4% 28.1% 23.9% 15.7% 32.7% 10.0% 41.6% 38.8% 27.0% 23.7% 15.0% 32.4% 10.0% 42.6% 41.4% 27.3% 24.7% 14.7% 32.6% 9.9% 42.8% 41.0% 27.6% 25.5% For the Quarter Ended Jun-08 Mar-08 Dec-07 84,833 12,426 28,654 8,532 35,221 33,389 23,814 20,250 Jun-08 78,19 1 12,29 8 25,57 4 7,801 32,51 8 30,36 1 21,13 2 18,52 9 Mar-08 69,639 10,424 22,590 6,991 29,634 28,824 19,032 17,224 Dec-07 Sep-07 63,374 9,317 20,679 6,281 27,097 25,971 17,472 16,139 Sep-07
Based on Balance Sheet
Amount in Rs. Million Parameters Stockholder's Equity Net Debt Capital Employed = Stockholder's equity + Net Debt Parameters Return on Stockholder's equity (LTM) Return on Capital Employed (LTM) Net Debt to EBITDA (LTM) 1 Assets Turnover ratio (LTM) Interest Coverage ratio (times) Book Value Per Equity Share (in Rs) Net debt to Stockholders' Equity (Times) 1 Per share data (for the period) Net profit/(loss) per common share (in Rs) Net profit/(loss) per diluted share (in Rs) Market Capitalization (Rs. bn) Enterprise Value (Rs. bn) For the Quarter Ended Sep-08 259,280 50,731 310,011 Jun-08 238,329 41,562 279,891 Mar-08 217,042 42,057 259,099 Dec-07 183,729 44,885 228,614 Sep-07 166,315 39,333 205,648
Sep-081 35.9% 33.9% 0.38 108.6% 44.46 136.6 0.20 10.79 10.79 1,490 1,541
Jun-08 37.9% 33.8% 0.33 110.8% 43.97 125.6 0.17 10.68 10.67 1,370 1,411
Mar-08 39.6% 33.2% 0.37 115.4% 37.46 114.4 0.19 9.78 9.76 1,568 1,610
Dec-07 41.0% 32.9% 0.43 117.5% 34.74 96.8 0.24 9.09 9.08 1,887 1,932
Sep-07 41.8% 31.5% 0.42 117.2% 34.93 87.6 0.24 8.52 8.51 1,786 1,825
Note 1: Net Debt to EBITDA (LTM) for the period amounts to 0.14 times and Net Debt to Stockholders Equity amounts to 0.09 exclusive of fully and compulsory convertible, non-cumulative, unsecured and interest free Debentures.
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Bharti’s Three Line Graph 3. Capital Productivity – this is computed by dividing revenue for the quarter (annualized) by gross cumulative capex (gross fixed assets, capital work in progress and intangibles) till date i.e. the physical investments made in the assets creation of the company. This ratio depicts the productivity of assets of the company The company believes that as long as the absolute revenues keep increasing periodically, opex productivity stabilizes or keeps coming down and capital productivity keeps improving, the company’s overall financial health can be tracked.
The company tracks its performance on a three-line graph. The parameters considered for the three-line graph are: 1. 2. Gross Revenues i.e. absolute turnover/sales Opex Productivity – operating expenses divided by the gross revenues for the respective period. Operating expenses is the sum of (i) equipment costs (ii) employee costs (iii) network operations costs & (iv) selling, general and administrative costs. This ratio depicts the operational efficiencies in the company.
Given below is the graph for the last five quarters of the company:
110,000 100,000 Amount in Rs. Mn 90,000 80,000 70,000 60,000 50,000 Q2FY08 69,639 63,374 32.6% 32.4% 70.8% 71.1%
70% 90,203 84,833 78,191 50% 60%
30% Q4FY08 Q1FY09 Q2FY 09 Capital Productivity Q3FY08 Gross Revenue (Rs mn.) (LHS)
Opex to Gross Rev (RHS)
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S ept. 30, 2008 79 ,989 25 ,616 June 30, 2008 71,777 26,144 March 31, 2008 64,268 25,543 Dec. 31, 2007 57,341 24,703 Sept. 30, 2007 50,951 23,264
Parameters Consolidated Custom ers E mployees M obile services Custom ers P re-paid custom ers as a % of total custom ers P ost-paid custom ers as a % of total custom ers 6 B harti's m obile subscribers market share A verage Revenue Per User (ARPU) A verage Minutes of Use Per User P ost-paid Vol untary Churn P ost-paid Com pany Initiated Churn P re-paid Churn S MS Revenue as a % of Total Mobile Revenues E mployees Telem edia Services Custom ers A verage Revenue Per User (ARPU) E mployees E nterprise Services Consolidated E mployees Others E mployees P assive Infrastructure Services E mployees
000's % % % Rs. Minutes % % % % No.
77 ,479 92.9% 7.1% 24.6% 335 536 1.1% 1.4% 3.2% 4.3% 8,133
69,384 92.3% 7.7% 24.2% 350 534 1.0% 1.4% 3.8% 4.2% 8,534
61,985 91.6% 8.4% 23.7% 357 507 1.0% 1.5% 4.3% 4.4% 8,452
55,163 91.0% 9.0% 23.6% 35 8 47 4 0.9% 1.8% 3.9% 4.4% 8,371
48,876 90.4% 9.6% 23.4% 366 469 1.1% 2.1% 3.8% 4.6% 8,132
000's Rs. No.
2,509 1,147 11 ,214
2,394 1,138 11,489
2,283 1,137 12,242
2,178 1,140 12,227
2,075 1,150 11,177
Note 6: All India mobile subscribers based on the report published by TRAI.
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A.2.5 Traffic, Coverage and Network Trends
P arameters Mobile Services Telemedia S ervices National Long Distance Services International Long Distance S ervices 7 Total Minutes on Network
Unit Mn Min Mn Min Mn Min Mn Min Mn Min
Sept. 30, 2008 115,834 5,002 11,349 2,284 134,470 Sept. 30, 2008 5,050 384,521 77% 82,554 95 83,389
June 3 0, 2008 105,217 4,842 10,322 2,048 122,428 June 3 0, 2008 5,048 364,287 74% 75,876 94 78,540
March 31, 2008 89,058 4,736 9,398 1,850 105,042 March 31, 2008 5,023 342,623 71% 69,141 94 73,787
Dec. 31, 2007 73,840 4,604 7,898 1,591 87,933
Sept. 30, 2007 64,375 4,596 6,774 1,345 77,089 Sept. 30, 2007 4,876 290,00 0 65% 52,826 94 55,574
Note 7 : The minutes are gross of intersegment eliminations
P arameters Mobile Services Census Towns Non-Census Towns and Villages P opulation Coverage Network Sites Telem edia Services Cities covered Carriers (National Long Distance) Op tic Fibre Network
Dec. 31, 2007 4,902 320,623 68% 60,299 94 67,138
No. No. % No. No. RKms
Note 8: With effect from quarter ended September 2007, Optic Fibre Network is inclusive of owned fibre and swapped fibre. With effect from quarter ended December 2007, Optic Fibre Network is inclusive of intra city fibre , previously report ed as only inter-city.
A.2.6 Passive Infrastructure Services
Parameters Towers Total Towers Ground Based Towers Roof Top Towers and Others Key Indicators Sharing Revenue per Sharing Operator per month Sharing Factor
Sept. 30, 2008 59,966 40,692 19,274 32,177 1.26
June 30, 2008 58,013 38,845 19,168 31,893 1.22
March 31, 2008 53,083 34,261 18,822 30,017 1.22
Dec. 31, 2007 -
Sept 30, 2007 -
No. No. No. Rs. Times
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Key Accounting Policies as per US GAAP
repairs of property and equipment are charged to operating expenses. 3. Goodwill
The Group’s interest in Joint ventures in which the Group has a majority interest, but does not control due to significant participatory rights of the minority stockholders are accounted for under the equity method of accounting and is initially recognized at cost. Under this method, the Group’s share of the post-acquisition profits or losses of the joint venture is recognized in the consolidated statement of income and its share of post-acquisition movements in equity is recognized in equity. The cumulative post-acquisition movements are adjusted against the cost of the investment. Unrealized gains on transactions between the Group and its joint venture are eliminated to the extent of the Group’s interest in the joint venture; unrealized losses are also eliminated unless the transaction provides evidence of an impairment of the asset transferred. The Group’s investment in joint venture includes goodwill identified on acquisition. The Group’s interest in jointly controlled entities is accounted for by the equity method of accounting and is initially recognized at cost. 2. Property and equipment
Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of an acquisition over the fair value of the Group’s share of net identifiable assets of the acquired subsidiary or jointly controlled entity at the date of acquisition. Goodwill on acquisition of subsidiaries is disclosed separately. Goodwill arising on accounting for jointly controlled entities or entities in which the Group exercises significant influence is included in investments in the related associates/jointly controlled entities. The Group adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets,” which sets forth the accounting for goodwill and intangible assets subsequent to their acquisition. SFAS 142 requires that goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets be allocated to the reporting unit level, which the Group defines as each circle. FAS 142 also prohibits the amortization of goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets, but requires that they be tested for impairment at least annually, or more frequently as warranted, at the reporting unit level. Goodwill of a reporting unit is tested for impairment between annual tests if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of the reporting unit below its carrying amount. The goodwill impairment test under FAS 142 is performed in two phases. The first step of the impairment test, used to identify potential impairment, compares the fair value of the reporting unit with its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, goodwill of the reporting unit is considered impaired, and step two of the impairment test must be performed. The second step of the impairment test quantifies the amount of the impairment loss by comparing the carrying amount of goodwill to the implied fair value. An impairment loss is recorded to the extent the carrying amount of goodwill exceeds its implied fair value. 4. Foreign currency transactions
Property and equipment are stated at historical cost, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization. All direct costs relating to the acquisition and installation of property and equipment are capitalized. Depreciation and amortization is recorded on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Years
Building Network Equipment Computer equipment Office, furniture and equipment Vehicles Leasehold improvements Assets individually thousand or less costing Rs. 5 20 3-20 3 2/5 5 Remaining period of Lease or 10 years whichever is less 1
Land is not depreciated. The assets’ residual values and useful lives are reviewed, and adjusted if appropriate, at each balance sheet date. Gains and losses arising from retirement or disposal of property and equipment are determined as the difference between the net disposal proceeds and the carrying amount of the asset and are recognized in the consolidated statement of income on the date of retirement and disposal. Costs of additions and substantial improvements to property and equipment are capitalized. The costs of maintenance and
Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are expressed in the functional currency Indian Rupees at the rates of exchange in effect at the balance sheet date. Transactions in foreign currencies are recorded at rates ruling on the transaction dates. Gains or losses resulting from foreign currency transactions are included in the consolidated statement of income. The balance sheets and statements of operations of the Group’s foreign operations are measured using the local currency as the functional currency. Assets and liabilities of these foreign operations are translated to Rupees at period end exchange rate and revenue and expense amounts are translated to Rupees at the average rates of exchange prevailing during the period. The resulting foreign currency translation adjustments are accumulated as a component of other comprehensive income.
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Lessee accounting Assets acquired under capital lease are capitalized as assets by the Group at the lower of fair value of the leased property or the present value of the related lease payments or where applicable, estimated fair value of such assets. Amortization of leased assets is computed on straight line basis over the shorter of useful life of the assets or remaining lease poriod. Amortization charge for capital leases is included in depreciation expense for the period. Lessor accounting Assets leased to others under capital leases are recognized as receivables at an amount equal to the net investment in the leased assets. The finance income is recognized based on periodic rate of return on the net investment of the lessor outstanding in respect of the capital lease. 6. Impairment of long – lived assets and intangible assets
Service revenues from the internet and VSAT business comprise revenues from registration, installation and provision of internet and satellite services. Registration fee and installation charges are deferred and amortized over their expected customer relationship period of 12 months. Service revenue is recognized from the date of satisfactory installation of equipment and software at the customer site and provisioning of internet and satellite services. Revenue from prepaid dialup packs is recognized on an actual usage basis and is net of sales returns and discounts. Revenues from national and international long distance operations comprise revenue from provision of voice services, which are recognized on completion of services while revenue from provision of bandwidth services is recognized over the period of use. Revenue is stated net of discounts and waivers. Unbilled receivables represent revenues recognized from the bill cycle date to the end of each month. These are billed in subsequent periods as per the terms of the billing plans. Unearned revenue includes amounts received in advance on pre-paid cards and advance monthly rentals on post paid. The related services are expected to be performed within the next operating cycle. (ii) Equipment sales Equipment sales consist primarily of revenues from sale of VSAT and internet equipment (hardware) and related accessories to subscribers. Equipment sales are treated as activation revenue and are deferred and amortized over the customer relationship period. (iii) Multiple element arrangements The Group enters into certain multiple-element revenue arrangements which involve the delivery or performance of multiple products, services or rights to use assets including VSAT and internet equipment, internet and satellite services, indefeasible right to use and hardware and equipment maintenance. The Group evaluates all deliverables in an arrangement to determine whether they represent separate units of accounting at the inception of the arrangement in accordance with EITF 00-21 “Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Deliverables”. The Group has determined that objective and reliable evidence of fair value does not exist for undelivered items in arrangements involving the bundling of sales of VSAT and internet equipment with provision of internet and satellite services or for other arrangements with multiple deliverables. Accordingly, equipment sales for these arrangements are deferred and amortized over the term of the arrangement. The arrangement consideration allocated to delivered items that do not qualify as separate units of accounting are combined with the other applicable undelivered items within the arrangement. The Group then recognizes revenue for those combined deliverables as a single unit of accounting over the term of the arrangement.
The Group reviews its long-lived assets, including identifiable intangibles with finite lives, for impairment whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of assets may not be fully recoverable. Such circumstances include, though are not limited to, significant or sustained declines in revenues or earnings and material adverse changes in the economic climate. For assets that the Group intends to hold for use, if the total of the expected future undiscounted cash flows produced by the asset or asset Group is less than the carrying amount of the assets, a loss is recognized for the difference between the fair value and carrying value of the assets. For assets the Group intends to dispose of by sale, a loss is recognized for the amount by which the estimated fair value, less cost to sell, is less than the carrying value of the assets. Fair value is determined based on quoted market prices, if available, or other valuation techniques including discounted future net cash flows. 7. Revenue recognition
(i) Service revenues Service revenues include amounts invoiced for usage charges, fixed monthly subscription charges and VSAT/ internet usage charges, roaming charges, activation fees, processing fees and fees for value added services (‘VAS’). Service revenues also include revenues associated with access and interconnection for usage of the telephone network of the other operator for local, domestic long distance and international calls. Service revenues are recognized as the services are rendered and are stated net of discounts and taxes. Revenues from prepaid cards are recognized based on actual usage. Activation revenue and related activation costs, not exceeding the activation revenue, are deferred and amortized over their estimated useful life, which is consistent with the estimated churn of customers. Excess of activation costs over activation revenue, if any, are expensed as incurred. Subscriber acquisition costs are expensed as incurred. On introduction of new prepaid products, processing fee on recharge coupon is being recognized over the estimated customer relationship period or coupon validity period, whichever is lower.
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Licenses signed prior to NTP - 99 Annual license fees incurred by the Group under the old license fee regime until the date of migration to the NTP - 99, i.e. July 31, 1999 and revenue-share fees from the date of migration to NTP – 99 were expensed as incurred. However, the Group’s share of licenses acquired under business combinations during the old license regime, prior to July 31, 1999, were accounted for at their respective fair values as at the date of acquisition and are amortized on a straight-line basis over the remaining period of the license from the date of acquisition of respective circles. Upon the migration to the NTP - 99, the remaining unamortized cost of such licenses acquired had been carried over and forms a part of the new cost basis for the license signed under NTP - 99. Amortization of licenses is recorded as a component of depreciation and amortization. Licenses signed under NTP - 99 License agreements signed/awarded under NTP - 99 stipulate the payment of: 1) one time fee termed as ‘license entry fee’ to obtain the right to operate services and 2) annual usage charge on the basis of the percentage of revenues i.e. ‘revenue share’. License entry fees were recognized as an intangible asset and were measured initially at cost. After initial recognition, license entry fees are measured at cost less accumulated amortization and any impairment losses that have been recognised. License entry fees are amortized on a straight-line basis over the period of the license from the date of commencement of commercial operations in the respective circles. The Group’s share of licenses acquired under business combinations arising after the ‘applicability’ of NTP - 99 were accounted for at their respective fair values as at the date of acquisition and are amortized on a straight line basis over the remaining period of the license. Amortization of license entry fees is recorded as a component of depreciation and amortization. The revenue-share fee is computed on the basis of Adjusted Gross Revenue (‘AGR’) and is expensed as incurred. UASL Licenses & license fees The Group has migrated its cellular mobile licenses in 15 circles to Unified Access Service Licenses (UASL) after obtaining the necessary approvals from DoT. UASL permits the licensee to provide basic and / or cellular services using any technology in a defined service area. UASL entry fees were recognized as an intangible asset and were measured initially at cost. After initial recognition, license entry fees are measured at cost less accumulated amortization and any impairment losses that have been recognised. License entry fees are amortized on a straight-line basis over the period of the license from the date of commencement of commercial operations in the respective circles. 9. Other intangible assets
Software is capitalized at the amounts paid to acquire the respective license for use and is amortized over the period of such license, not exceeding three years. Bandwidth capacities are capitalized at the amounts paid to acquire the capacities and are amortized over the period of the agreement subject to a maximum of 15 years. Brands are valued using the Royalty Relief approach and are amortized on a straight-line basis over the period of expected benefit, not exceeding the life of the licenses and are written off in their entirety when no longer in use. Customer relationships reflect the estimated fair value of the customer accounts acquired from which the Group can expect to derive future benefits over the estimated life. Distribution networks reflect the fair value of the estimated benefit and are amortized over an estimated useful life of three years. The fair value of licenses are valued using the Market Value Approach. The licenses are amortized over the remaining license period Noncompete clauses are fair valued based on the actual and projected business plans and are amortized on a straight-line basis over the remaining period of license.
Amortization of intangible assets is disclosed as part of cost of services and selling, general and administrative expenses in the consolidated statement of income. 10. Income-taxes In accordance with the provisions of FAS 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes”, income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss carry-forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in the consolidated statements of income in the period in which the change is enacted. The measurement of deferred tax assets is reduced, if necessary, by a valuation allowance for any tax benefits for which it is more likely than not that some portion or all of such benefits will not be realized. 11. Pre operating costs Pre operating costs represent certain marketing and administrative expenses incurred prior to the commencement of commercial operations of the new circles. These costs are expensed as incurred.
Other intangible assets comprising enterprise resource planning software, bandwidth capacities, brands, customer relationships, distribution networks, licenses and noncompete clauses, are capitalized at the Group’s share of respective fair values on the date of an acquisition. The methodologies used for valuation of these intangibles is as follows:
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12. Derivative financial instruments The Group enters into derivative instruments, including interest rate swaps and foreign currency forward contracts, to manage interest rate movements of its debt obligations and foreign currency exposures related to the import of equipment used in operations and its foreign currency denominated debt instruments. FAS No. 133, ‘‘Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities’’, requires that all derivative instruments be recorded on the balance sheet at their fair value. Changes in the fair value of derivatives are recorded each period in current earnings or in other comprehensive income, depending on whether a derivative is designated as part of a hedging relationship and, if it is, depending on the type of hedging relationship. 13. Asset Retirement Obligations
the allowance based on the aging of accounts receivable balances and historical write-off experience, net of recoveries. The Group provides for amounts outstanding for more than 90 days in case of active subscribers and for all amounts outstanding from customers who have been deactivated as reduced by security deposits, or in specific cases where management is of the view that the amounts are not recoverable. For receivables due from the other operators on account of their NLD and ILD traffic, IUC and roaming charges, the Group provides for amounts outstanding for more than 120 days from the date of billing net of any amounts payable to the operators pertaining to the same period or in specific cases where management is of the view that the amounts are not recoverable. Amounts due from debtors that have been outstanding, though fully provided, are evaluated on a regular basis by the management and are written off, if as a result of such evaluation, it is determined that these amounts will not be collected. 16. Issuance of Stock by Subsidiaries
Asset retirement obligations associated with the Group’s wireless and wireline services cell sites, switch sites, retail, and administrative location operating leases are subject to the provisions of FAS No. 143 “Accounting for Asset Retirement Obligations” and FASB interpretation no. 47 “Accounting for Conditional Asset Retirement Obligation”.. The lease agreements entered into by the Group may contain clauses requiring restoration of the leased site at the end of the lease term and therefore create asset retirement obligations. The Group records the fair value of a liability for an asset retirement obligation in the period in which it is incurred and capitalizes the cost by increasing the carrying amount of the related long-lived asset. Over time, the liability is accreted to its present value each period, and the capitalized cost is depreciated over the estimated useful life of the related asset. Upon settlement of the liability, the Group either settles the obligation for its recorded amount or incurs a gain or loss upon settlement. 14. Indefeasible right to use (IRU) Fibre and duct are sold as part of the operations of the Group’s Enterprise service carriers business. The Group has determined these as integral equipment. Under the agreements, title is not transferred to the lessee. The transactions are therefore recorded as operating lease agreements. Direct expenditures incurred in connection with agreements are capitalized and expensed off over the term of the agreement. The contracted sales price is primarily paid in advance and is recognized as revenue during the period of the agreement. IRU Sales not recognized in consolidated statements of income, net of amount recognizable within one year is recorded as unearned income in non-current liability and amount recognizable within one year is recorded as unearned income in the current liabilities. Cashless swap of IRU where either the fair value of the equipment relinquished can not be reasonably determined or the group has continuing involvement with the equipment transferred are accounted for at costs.
At the time a subsidiary sells its stock to unrelated parties at a price less than or in excess of its book value, the Company's investment in that subsidiary's net assets decreases/increases. The Company's policy is to record such changes in its Consolidated Statement of Stockholders' Equity
15. Allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable The allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable reflects management’s best estimate of probable losses inherent in the accounts receivable balance. Management primarily determines
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Summarized Profit & Loss Statement as per Indian GAAP
Amount in Rs million
Quarter Ended S eptember 3 0, 2008 Audited
Hal f Year Ende d September 30, 2008 Audited 173,583 713 174,296
S ervice Revenue S ales of Goods Total Income Profit before Finance E xpenses /(Income) (Net), Depreciation, Amortization, Pre-operative Expenditure,Charity and Donation, Taxation and Other Income Finance expenses (net) Depreciation and A mortization A mortisation Other Income Charity and Donation P rofit Before tax Tax Expenses/ (Income) -Curren t Tax -Fringe Benefit Tax -Deferred Tax P rofit After Tax Minority Interest P rofit for the period
89,093 143 89,236
10,996 11,022 736 292 160 14,225 (246) 114 (2,789) 17,146 465 16,681
10 ,050 20 ,994 1,314 907 161 40 ,500 2,807 209 (1,763) 39 ,247 899 38 ,348
Summary of Differences in Net income/ Profit between USGAAP (audited) and Indian GAAP (audited)
Amount in Rs million Particulars Quarter Ended September 30, 2008 20,463 14 1,668 Half Yea r Ended September 30, 2008 40,713 (136) 864
Net profit / (loss) as per US GAAP Add: Differences on account of: Minority Interest and loss of Joint Venture Deferred Tax expense Less: Differences on account of: A mortization of Goodwill/ Intangibles B eing difference in revenue recognition License fee amortization Differences in accounting for finance charges Remeasurement of financial instruments not applicable in IGAAP Differential depreciation provided in IGAAP due to forex fluctuations not considered in US GAAP Net profit/(loss) as per Indian GAAP
201 209 146 5,025 118 (235) 16,681
400 144 292 2,020 337 (100) 38,348
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Technical and Industry Terms Company Related Access and Interconnection Charges / Total Revenues AGR Access and interconnection charges for the relevant period divided by total revenues for the relevant period. Adjusted Gross Revenues. Used for computing the License Fees and WPC charges payable by an Access Provider and have been provisionally defined as gross revenue of the Access Provider net of access charges actually paid to other telecom service providers, roaming revenues passed on to other telecom service providers and service tax and sales tax actually paid to the Government, if the same had been included in the Gross Income. Average revenue per customer per month is computed by: dividing the total revenues, excluding equipment sales and the connection fees, during the relevant period by the average customers; and dividing the result by the number of months in the relevant period. Asset Turnover is defined as total revenues, for the preceding (last) 12 months from the end of the relevant period, divided by average assets. Asset is defined as the sum of non current assets and net current assets. Net current assets are computed by subtracting current liabilities from current assets. Average assets are calculated by considering average of quarterly average for the preceding (last) four quarters from the end of the relevant period. Average minutes of usage per customer per month is calculated by dividing the total minutes of usage (incoming, outgoing and in-roaming) on our network during the relevant period by the average customers; and dividing the result by the number of months in the relevant period. Average Sharing Operators are derived by computing the average of the monthly average sharing operators for the relevant period Average customers are derived by computing the average of the monthly average customers for the relevant period. Average towers are derived by computing the average of the monthly average towers for the relevant period Total stockholder’s equity as at the end of the relevant period divided by issued and outstanding equity shares as at the end of the relevant period. Capital Employed is defined as sum of stockholder’s equity and net debt. It is not a US GAAP measure and is defined as operating income adjusted for depreciation and amortization, pre-operating costs, interest expense and interest income. Churn is calculated by dividing the total number of disconnections during the relevant period by the average customers; and dividing the result by the number of months in the relevant period. Post-paid churn has been subdivided into: a) Voluntary: indicating the number of subscribers who opt out of the network at their own behest. b) Company initiated churn: indicating the number of subscribers whose churn is initiated by the company due to non-payment. Direct to Home broadcast service Per Basic It is computed by dividing net income attributable to ordinary shareholders by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding during the period. The calculation of Net Profit/ (loss) per diluted share adjusts net profit or loss and the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding, to give effect to all dilutive potential ordinary shares that were outstanding during the year. Earnings Per Diluted Share Net profit or loss attributable to ordinary shareholders is adjusted for the after-tax effect of the following: (1) dividends on potential ordinary shares (for example, dilutive convertible preferred shares); (2) interest recognized on potential ordinary shares (for example, dilutive convertible debt); and (3) any other changes in income or expense resulting from the conversion of dilutive potential ordinary shares (e.g., an entity’s contribution to its non-discretionary employee profit-sharing plan may be revised based on changes in net profit due to the effects of items discussed above). Earnings/ (loss) before interest, taxation, depreciation and amortization. EBITDA It is not a US GAAP measure and is defined as operating income adjusted for depreciation and amortization and pre-operating costs.
ARPU (for Mobile and Telemedia Services)
Average Minutes of Use per user Average Sharing Operators Average Customers Average Towers Book Value Per Equity Share Capital Employed Cash Profit From Operations
DTH Earnings Share.
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EBITDA Margin or EBITDA / Total Revenues EBIT Gross Revenue per Employee per month Ground Based Towers ILD Income/(loss) after current tax expense Interest Coverage Ratio Investments in projects ICT IPTV
It is computed by dividing EBITDA for the relevant period by total revenues for the relevant period. Earnings / (Loss) before interest and taxation for the relevant period. It is equivalent to Income/ (loss) before interest income, interest expense and taxes. It is computed by dividing the Gross Revenue (net of inter-segment eliminations) by the closing number of employees in a given business unit and number of months in the relevant period. Ground based towers refer to towers erected on ground. International Long Distance Services. It is not a US GAAP measure and is defined as Income/ (loss) before taxation adjusted for current tax expense. EBITDA for the relevant period divided by interest on borrowing for the relevant period. The investment in projects comprises gross fixed assets, intangible assets, capital work in progress, gross goodwill, investment in JV’s and one-time entry fee paid towards acquisition of licenses. Information Communication Technology Internet Protocol TV. IPTV is a new method of delivering and viewing television programmes using an IP transmission and service infrastructure, which can deliver digital television to the customers. IPTV when offered using an IP network and high speed broadband technology becomes interactive because of availability of return path and is capable of providing Video on Demand (VOD), time shifted television and many other exciting programmes. Last twelve months. Number of issued and outstanding shares as at end of September 30, 2008 multiplied by closing market price (BSE) as at end of September 30, 2008. Minutes of Usage. Duration in minutes for which a customer uses the network. It is typically expressed over a period of one month. Number of GSM customers on our networks as at end of the relevant period divided by number of employees in the mobile segment as at end of the relevant period. Mobile Television. Mobile TV service refers to provision of television services to subscribers for viewing on handheld or portable devices. Technically, there are two main ways of delivering television content to mobile devices; via the mobile telecommunications networks or by using broadcasting technologies. MPLS stands for Multi Protocol Label Switching network created on SDH platform. It simplifies the configuration and management of larger networks as point to point connections are not required. Comprises of Base Transmission System (BTS) which holds the radio transreceivers (TRXs) that define a cell and coordinates the radio links protocols with the mobile device. It includes all the Ground based, Roof top and In Building Solutions as at the end of the period. It is not a US GAAP measure and is defined as the long-term debt, net of current portion plus shortterm borrowings and current portion of long-term debt minus cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, restricted cash non-current, short-term investments and investments as at the end of the relevant period. It is computed by dividing net debt as at the end of the relevant period by EBITDA for preceding (last) 12 months from the end of the relevant period. It is computed by dividing net debt as at the end of the relevant period by stockholder’s equity as at the end of the relevant period. It is not a US GAAP measure and is defined as total revenues adjusted for access charges for the relevant period. National Long Distance Services. It is computed by dividing the total non-voice revenue of the company (consolidated) by the total revenues for the relevant period. Non-voice revenues include VAS Revenues for Mobile, VAS and Internet Revenues for Telemedia Services, Bandwidth Revenue for Long Distance Services, and Bandwidth and Internet Revenues for Enterprise Services. It is computed by dividing the total non voice revenue of mobile services by the total revenues of mobile services for the relevant period. Non voice revenue for mobile services includes revenues from value added services (including SMS, GPRS, MMS, Ring Back Tones etc.).
LTM Market Capitalization MoU Mobile Customers Per Employee Mobile TV
Net Debt to EBITDA Net Debt to Stockholder’s Equity Net Revenues NLD Non Voice Revenue as a % of consolidated revenue
Non Voice Revenue as a % of Mobile Revenue
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Operating Income POI POP
Operating Income is defined as total revenues less total operating expenses for the relevant period. The geographical location where two networks interconnect and exchange traffic Point of Presence. POP means a technical arrangement made by the National Long Distance Service Operator under which it can accept outgoing calls from and deliver terminating calls to the area required to be served from such Point of Presence. The provision of mobile services, wherein the subscribers pay for usage including airtime, rental value added services, access and interconnection charges and any other applicable charges at the end of the billing period. The provision of mobile services wherein subscribers pay a fixed amount, which is valid for a certain period, for usage including airtime, value added services, access and interconnection charges and any other applicable charges prior to commencement of service. For the full year ended March 31, 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008, ROCE is computed by dividing the sum of net profit and finance cost (net) for the period by average (of opening and closing) capital employed. For the quarterly computation, it is computed by dividing the sum of net profit & finance cost (net) for the preceding (last) 12 months from the end of the relevant period by average capital employed. Average capital employed is calculated by considering average of quarterly average for the preceding (last) four quarters from the end of the relevant period. For the full year ended March 31, 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008, it is computed by dividing net profit for the period by the average (of opening and closing) Stockholder’s equity. For the quarterly computations, it is computed by dividing net profit for the preceding (last) 12 months from the end of the relevant period by the average Stockholder’s equity for the preceding (last) 12 months. Average Stockholder’s equity is calculated by considering average of quarterly average for the preceding (last) four quarters from the end of the relevant period. Roof top towers refer to towers erected on the roof top, and others include IBS and micro towers. Synchronous Digital Hierarchy. It is a standard technology for synchronous data transmission on optical media, andprovide faster and less expensive network interconnection.
Return On Capital Employed (ROCE)
Return On Stockholder’s Equity
Roof Top Towers and Others SDH
Sharing revenue per Sharing Operator per month Sharing factor Telemedia Customers Per Employee Total Towers Total Operating Expenses / Total Revenues Total Operating Expenses Regulatory AUSPI BSO BWA COAI CMSP CMTS DHQ
It is computed by dividing gross revenue less energy and other pass through, from Passive Infrastructure services by average sharing operators. It is computed by dividing average sharing operators by average towers Number of Telemedia customers on our networks as at end of the relevant period divided by number of employees in the Telemedia segment as at end of the relevant period. It is the sum of ground based towers, and roof top towers and Others. Total operative expenses for the relevant period divided by total revenues for the relevant period.
It is defined as sum of equipment costs, employee costs, network operations costs and selling, general and administrative cost for the relevant period.
Association of Unified Telecom Service Providers of India. Basic Service Operator Broadband Wireless Access Cellular Operators Association of India Cellular Mobile Service Provider. Cellular Mobile Telephone Service District Head Quarters
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DoT EVDO ILDO ISP IUC MNO NLDO PLMN PSTN SDCA TDSAT TEC TRAI UASL Others (Industry) BSE GSM IGAAP NSE Sensex SMS US GAAP
Department of Telecommunications Evolution Data Only International Long Distance Operator Internet Service Provider Interconnection Usage Charges. Mobile Network Operator National Long Distance Operator Public Land Mobile Network Public Switch Telephone Network Short Distance Charging Area Telecom Disputes Settlement & Appellate Tribunal. Telecom Engineering Centre. Telecom Regulatory Authority of India. Unified Access Service License.
The Stock Exchange, Mumbai Global System for Mobile Communications. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in India. The National Stock Exchange of India Limited. Sensex is a stock index introduced by The Stock Exchange, Mumbai in 1986. Short Messaging Service. United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
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Written correspondence to be sent to: Bharti Airtel Limited Investor Relations email@example.com http://www.bhartiairtel.in
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