NEW COURSE PROPOSAL FORM

Date _____November 6, 2011_______ 1. Teacher(s) submitting request Teacher(s) expected to teach course 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. Department Course Title Pro-Tech Financial Algebra John Walker John Walker

School year to be implemented 2012/13 Length of Course: Course Credit: __ ____ semester ______ required __X____ year ____X__ elective 10-12 32 (current limit to computer lab)

Appropriate grade level(s)

Anticipated number of students that will be involved Pre-requisite courses: Algebra I Articulation with MHCC for credit? _____yes

__X___no ___X__no

This course can be repeated for credit: _____yes

12.

Explain why this course is needed. How will it benefit our students? How does it differ from current courses offered? How does this course enhance or relate to overall school goals and educational experiences appropriate for the 21st Century?

This course is proposed as a course that can be taken concurrently with Geometry, Algebra 2, or PreCalc. It is primarily geared as a course for students who may have experienced difficulty in Algebra 1 and/or Geometry and may not be ready for Algebra 2 or Precalculus. It will provide a Math Elective Credit It is • • • A mathematically rigorous, algebra-based course. (Not an arithmetic-based personal finance course). Algebra 1 is the prerequisite, and Algebra 1 skills are reinforced throughout. Includes selected topics from Algebra 2, Precalculus, Statistics, Probability and Geometry that are taught at an ability-appropriate level for the Algebra 1-prerequisite audience. It is technology-dependent and applications-oriented.

JCM/pkh 10/07

1

13. Course Description: (this must be in its final form when the proposal is made as it will be used in the course planning guide)

In Financial Algebra, the mathematics necessary for daily living is embedded in content that directly relates to financial decisions adults make in their daily lives. The mathematical formulas, functions, and representations used in Financial Algebra will assist you in making sense of the financial world through mathematical modeling and provide you with the ability to make sound financial decisions based on data.

14. General Course Outline: (briefly outline course objectives and what will be covered) A. Semester I:

See Attached Syllabus:

B.

Semester II (if applicable):

See Attached Syllabus:

15. List all state standards and graduation requirements that will be addressed in this course. How does the course fit with district’s curriculum strands, standards-based instruction, career-related learning, and ongoing school goals?

See attached alignment with Common Core State Standards which are undergoing adoption in the State of Oregon for alignment.

JCM/pkh 10/07

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16. What methods or indicators will be used to evaluate the effectiveness of this class and/or program?

Successful integration of a learner into Algebra 2.

17. Budget: What additional materials and resources will be necessary to offer this course? How will these requests be funded? Textbooks could be purchased at a cost of $3786.12 or a set of materials at $1000 could be purchased and entire course converted to Moodle, which is the recommendation.

Funding is a part of the request A. Operating Expenses: 1) 2)
JCM/pkh 10/07

Materials (textbooks, literature selections, etc.) Copying services

$__1000____ $___________
3

Indicate whether research and best practice supports adoption of this course. A quick Google search yields numerous Article from the NYTimes on April 9. etc. two sections would need to be in an additional lab with computers and projector access for instructor/students to access Learning Management on a daily basis. There are a number of articles and learning research to support connected learning through application.) that support adoption of this course. research data. additional resources from either an Algebra I or 1. How will the master schedule be impacted by the adoption of this course? Two sections are foreseen to be conducted in Room 509. List any items not covered: Course will be hosted on Integrated Media Moodle Server. 20. Other Misc. E.3) 4) Office/classroom supplies Technology (software. who will be Math Endorsed. Total Estimated Cost of the course(s) $2000+Stipend 18. Please attach information from external sources (news articles. etc. how will we staff sections of this course? Course will be staffed by assigning the IT teacher. As course is to be converted to a online learning management system. Equipment C. surveys. 2010 Most Americans aren’t fluent in the language of money. Expenses D. Yet we’re expected to make big JCM/pkh 10/07 4 . 19. to two of four sections.5 course could be assigned based on skills and experience in finance. Class is dependant on daily technological and application utilization Instructor Training is $300 plus travel and expenses during summer Two Week stipend for instructor to convert materials – $ N/A 1000.) $___________ $__________ $___________ $___________ B. professional journals. Assuming we receive no additional FTE.

Course may be considered as an alternate to Algebra 1. All of this raises the question: What’s happening inside our classrooms? And how many schools even broach the topic? As it turns out. 21. as are the topics of study associated with them.5. They will truly understand what they have done right and wrong because they can see it. This new course proposal has been approved by: Department _________________________________________ Date __________________ Department Chair Signature JCM/pkh 10/07 5 . How do the practices align with the district’s instructional model? One can teach computer science concepts so that students have immediate visual feedback— at least in the beginning. If this proposal is an extension of. A goal for students is to be enjoying computer science at the level that it is most inspiring—the conceptual level. please explain.financial decisions as early as our teens … even though most of us received no formal instruction on financial matters until it is too late. Emphasis is placed on having creativity and imagination be their guides. This undertaking is not too difficult since algorithms that solve a variety of robot tasks are both plentiful and provocative. we’re doing very little. for a country that prizes personal responsibility. Students should not lose sight of computer science as they examine the details of the computer language. 22. or addition to. Briefly explain the primary instructional practices that will be used to teach this course. a previous adopted course.

Principal _________________________________________ Date __________________ Principal Signature District _________________________________________ Date __________________ Director of K-12 Curriculum JCM/pkh 10/07 6 .

net change. • Interpret a stock candlestick chart. corporation. stock bar chart. smoothing techniques 1-2 1-3 1-4 Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 1 . • Create a stock bar chart. simple moving average (SMA). trades. after-hours trading. stock chart Simple Moving Averages (3 days) Objectives • Understand how data is smoothed. limited liability. lagging indicators. • Calculate simple moving averages using the subtraction and addition method. slow moving average. sole proprietorship Stock Market Data (2 days) Objectives • Use stock data to follow the daily progress of a corporate stock. 52-week low. stock market. shareholders. low. interpret and chart stock ownership and transaction data.Financial Algebra Syllabus & Essential Elements Chapter 1: The Stock Market (approximately 20 days) Students are introduced to basic business organization terminology in order to read. sales in 100s. shares of stock. Key Terms 52-week high. close. fast moving average. cell. high. NYSE. • Create a stock candlestick chart. NASDAQ. public corporation. • Calculate simple moving averages using the arithmetic average formula. spreadsheet. 1-1 Business Organizations (1 day) Objectives • Learn the basic vocabulary of business organizations. last. • Write spreadsheet formulas. partnership. Key Terms Candlestick chart. personally liable profit. • Graph simple moving averages using a spreadsheet. Key Terms Arithmetic average (mean). • Compute financial responsibility of business ownership based on ratios and percents Key Terms Capital. volume Stock Market Data Charts (3 days) Objectives • Interpret a stock bar chart. crossover.

Key Terms Common stock. • Compute the interest earned on corporate bonds. money flow. matures. odd lot. Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA). commission. round lot. net money flow. directional arrow. • Compute dividend income. discount broker. trading price. • Compute gains and losses from stock trades. positive money flow. ticker symbol. • Determine the total value of a trade from ticker information. stock split. stockbroker Stock Splits (3 days) Objectives • Calculate the post-split outstanding shares and share price for a traditional split. limit order. uptick Stock Transactions (2 days) Objectives • Learn the basic vocabulary of buying and selling stock. face value. downtick. net proceeds. traditional stock split Dividend Income (2 days) Objectives • Understand the concept of shareowners splitting the profit for the corporation they own. income stock. gross capitol loss. dividend. • Become familiar with the basic vocabulary of stock trading. broker fee. reverse stock split. trading volume. • Compute the yield for a given stock. • Calculate the fractional value amount that a shareholder receives after a split. • Determine trade volumes from ticker information. Key Terms At the market. portfolio.1-5 Stock Market Ticker (1 day) Objectives • Understand stock market ticker information. total value of a trade. dividend income. corporate bonds. growth stock. outstanding shares. market capitalization (market cap). • Calculate the post-split outstanding shares and share price for a reverse split. negative money flow. yield 1-6 1-7 1-8 1-9 Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 2 . ticker. preferred stock. Key Terms Gross capital gain. Key Terms Fractional part of a share. penny stock. trade Stock Transaction Fees (2 days) Objectives • Compute the fees involved in buying and selling stocks. stock symbol. Key Terms Daily money flow.

using.: rn −1 : rn and a total T.+ rn −1 x + rn x = T and determine the investment amount associated with each ratio Determining. using. pn −1. write and solve the investment equation r1 x + r2 x + . and interpreting percent net change of stock transaction prices Constructing and interpreting stock bar and candlestick charts Given a set of n closing prices. p3. use the equation x = to determine the percent w increase of an investment In any a-for-b stock split.. let D represent the pre-split number of shares.Chapter 1 Mathematics Topics Constructing.... using. D is the transaction price per share. # is either (increase) or (decrease). where A C represents the annual dividend per share and C represents the current price per share Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 3 . and x represents the percent y −w increase/decrease of an investment. y represents the selling price of that same number of shares . calculate the postb split price per share using ×P a In any a-for-b stock split. calculate the a post-split number of shares using × D b A Calculate the stock yield percentage using the formula Yield = × 100. and interpreting algebraic ratios and proportions Given investment ratios of the form r1 : r2 : . Px1000 is the transaction amount (K=1000). pn .. p1. . and C is the change from the previous day’s closing price In situations where w represents the purchase price for a set number of shares. p2 . let P represent the pre-split price per share.. calculate and interpret d-day simple moving averages by applying the Arithmetic Average Formula and the Subtraction/Addition Method Use and interpret stock market ticker notation of the form SYM PK@D#C where SYM is the corporation symbol.. and interpreting percent increase/decrease of stock transaction prices Determining.

supply. expense. Key Terms Demand. weak correlation 2-3 Supply and Demand (2 days) Objectives • Understand the slopes of supply and demand curves. shift. positive correlation. • Find points of equilibrium. revenue. Key Terms Bivariate data. • Make predictions based on lines of best fit. and profit as they relate to the sale of a product. wholesale price. function. moderate correlation. range. least squares line. equilibrium. univariate data 2-2 Linear Regression (3 days) Objectives • Be able to fit a regression line to a scatterplot. fixed expenses. variable expenses Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 4 .Chapter 2: Modeling a Business (approximately 20 days) Statistical analysis plays a very important role in the modeling of a business. Key Terms Correlation coefficient. explanatory variable. • Draw lines and curves of best fit. • Create an expense equation based on fixed and variable expenses. negative correlation. strong correlation. domain. expense equation. extrapolation. markup. 2-1 Interpret Scatterplots (2 days) Objectives • Graph bivariate data. Using linear. quadratic. correlation. scatterplot. retail price. loss. demand. Key Terms Breakeven point. profit. trend. revenue. widget 2-4 Fixed and Variable Expenses (2 days) Objectives • Understand the differences between fixed and variable expenses. causal relationship. linear regression line. • Find and interpret correlation coefficients. demand function. data. • Interpret trends based on scatterplots. response variable. revenue equation. interpolation. line of best fit. and regression equations in that process assist students in getting a complete picture of supply.

graph. • Determine the maximum profit and the price at which that maximum is attained. and interpret the revenue function. transitive property of dependence 2-6 2-7 2-8 Chapter 2 Mathematics Topics Constructing and interpreting scatterplots Operations with functions Evaluating functions and using them to model situations Translating verbal situations into algebraic linear functions Translating verbal situations into quadratic functions Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 5 . zero net difference The Profit Equation (3 days) Objectives • Determine a profit equation given the expense and revenue equations. • Write. and interpret the expense function. nonlinear function. vertex of a parabola Breakeven Analysis (2 days) Objectives • Determine the breakeven prices and amounts using technology and/or algebra. Key Terms Maximum profit. Key Terms Quadratic formula. parabola. leading coefficient. graph. profit Mathematically Modeling a Business (2 days) Objectives • Recognize the transitive property of dependence as it is used in a business model. second degree equation.2-5 Graphs of Expense and Revenue Functions (3 days) Objectives • Write. and methodologies to model a new business. maximum value. Key Terms Dependence. • Use multiple pieces of information. Key Terms Axis of symmetry. equations. • Identify breakeven points and explain them in the context of the problem. quadratic equation. • Identify the point of intersection of the expense and revenue functions.

interpreting. and f(x) < g(x) Identifying form. direction. f(x) = g(x).Creating rational functions of the form f ( x) = mx + b x Translating verbal situations into linear and quadratic inequalities Solving linear systems of equations and inequalities such as: Solving systems of linear equations and inequalities in two variables Identifying domains for which f(x) > g(x). and strength from a scatterplot Finding. and graphing linear regression equations Determining domains for which prediction using a regression line is considered extrapolating or interpolating Finding and interpreting the Pearson Product-Moment Coefficient of Correlation Finding the axis of symmetry concavity of parabolic curves Using the quadratic formula x= −b ⎛ − b ⎛ − b ⎞⎞ . and the 2a ⎝ 2a ⎠ ⎠ ⎝ 2a 2 b 2 − 4ac −b if ax + bx + c = 0 then x = ± 2a 2a Finding and interpreting quadratic regression equations Solving linear-quadratic systems of equations and inequalities such as: Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 6 . vertex ⎜ . roots. f⎜ ⎟ ⎟ .

and proportions Writing literal equations Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 7 . ratios. correlation for bivariate data Identifying explanatory and response variables Identifying and diagramming lurking variables such as: Using the slope-intercept form of a linear equation Interpreting slope as a rate of change y = mx + b Δy Δx Using the transitive property of dependence Determining the zero net difference Writing algebraic formulas for use in spreadsheets Rational Expressions Algebraic fractions.Finding absolute and relative extrema Causation vs.

Solving linear equations and inequalities Calculating moving averages Reading and interpreting data in pictorial representations Algebraic representations of percent. percent increase and percent decrease Expressing averages as rational functions Translating verbal expressions into algebraic formulas for use in a spreadsheet Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 8 .

interest. Page 9 3-2 3-3 3-4 3-5 Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi . semiannual compounding Compound Interest Formula (2 days) Objectives • Become familiar with the derivation of the compound interest formula.Chapter 3: Banking Services (approximately 15 days) Banks offer a complete array of paper and electronic services that make access to money easy. deposit slip. ending balance. bank statement. maintenance fee. Key Terms Account number. direct deposit. check. check register. Key Terms Certificate of deposit (CD). starting balance. simple interest. minimum balance. In this chapter. • Compute compound interest using a table. reconciling. daily compounding. outstanding deposits. interest. • Make computations using the compound interest formula. deposit. hold. savings account. checking account. long-term. overdraft protection. single deposit and periodic deposit accounts. students learn the function and computation of interest in short-term. outstanding checks. • Complete a check register. interest rate. single account Reconcile a Bank Statement (2 days) Objectives • Reconcile a checking account with a bank statement by hand and by using a spreadsheet. drawer. statement savings Explore Compound Interest (2 days) Objectives • Understand the concept of getting interest on your interest. Key Terms Annual compounding. personal identification number (PIN). joint account. crediting. electronic funds transfer (ETF). check clearing. canceled. balancing. endorse. quarterly compounding. compound interest. statement period Savings Accounts (1 day) Objectives • Learn the basic vocabulary of savings accounts. Key Terms Automatic teller machine (ATM). principal. insufficient funds. 3-1 Checking Accounts (2 days) Objectives • Understand how checking accounts work. money market account. • Compute simple interest using the simple interest formula. simple interest formula. maturity. debit. payee. credit.

future value of a single deposit investment. Key Terms Present value. limit Future Value of Investments (2 days) Objectives • Calculate the future value of a periodic deposit investment. finite. compound interest formula 3-6 Continuous Compounding (2 days) Objectives • Compute interest on an account that is continuously compounded. Key Terms Continuous compounding. future value of a periodic deposit investment. • Calculate the present value of a periodic deposit investment. periodic investment Present Value of Investments (2 days) Objectives • Calculate the present value of a single deposit investment. • Graph the future value function. Key Terms Biweekly. • Interpret the graph of the future value function. exponential base (e). continuous compound interest formula. annual percentage yield (APY). present value of a single deposit investment 3-7 3-8 Chapter 3 Mathematics Topics Using the simple interest formula I = PRT and its algebraic equivalents Understanding compounding via iteration Deriving the compound interest formula r B = (1 + ) nt n Computing compound interest with and without the formula Applying the compound interest formula Introduction to limit notation Lim f ( x) = b x→a Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 10 . present value of a periodic investment. infinite.Key Terms Annual percentage rate (APR).

n Using the compound interest formula to derive the present value of a single deposit investment formula P= B ⎛ r⎞ ⎜1 + ⎟ ⎝ n⎠ nt Using the compound interest formula to derive the present value of a periodic deposit investment formula ⎛r⎞ B⎜ ⎟ ⎝n⎠ P= nt ⎛ r⎞ ⎜1 + ⎟ − 1 ⎝ n⎠ Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 11 .x⎫ ⎧ Approximating e by examining the sequence ⎪⎛1 + 1 ⎞ ⎪ ⎟ ⎬ ⎨⎜ ⎪⎝ ⎩ x⎠ ⎪ ⎭ Defining the natural base e using the rational and exponential expression limit notation x Lim ⎜1 + ⎟ ⎛ x →∞ ⎝ 1⎞ x⎠ Applying the natural base e in the continuous compounding formula b Identifying y = ax as exponential decay when x < 1 Identifying B = Pe rt y = ax b as exponential growth when x > 1 n −1 Modeling a geometric series of the type b=0 ∑ ax b y = ax b Graphing exponential functions of the type Analyzing rational functions and their limits of the form >m. and n< m Lim ax n ± b m x → ∞ cx ±d where n=m.

Using the future value of a periodic deposit investment formula nt ⎛ ⎞ ⎛ r⎞ P⎜ ⎜1 + ⎟ − 1⎟ ⎜⎝ n ⎠ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ B= ⎛r⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎝n⎠ Adapting all banking formulas for input into a spreadsheet Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 12 .

revolving charge account. Key Terms Asset. Page 13 4-2 4-3 4-4 4-5 Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi . • Compute finance charges for installment purchases. prepayment privilege. credit rating. collateral. wage garnishment Loan Calculations and Regression (2 days) Objectives • Calculate the present value of a single deposit investment. Fair Credit Billing Act. life insurance. finance charge. interest Loans (3 days) Objectives • Read monthly payments from tables. creditor.Chapter 4: Consumer Credit (approximately 15 days) The understanding and use of credit is extremely important to the consumer since actions taking in the present can have long standing ramifications in the future. • Calculate the present value of a periodic deposit investment. FICO score. and future goals. prepayment penalty. credit card. • Become familiar with types of lending institutions. Key Terms Annual percentage rate. promissory note. mean. • Compute finance charges on loans. debtor. natural logarithm Credit Cards (2 days) Objectives • Become familiar with the basic vocabulary of credit cards. principal. Key Terms Average daily balance. credit. installment plan. Key Terms Cubic function. wage assignment. debit card. • Compute an average daily balance. earning power. Fair Debt Collection Practices Act. Truth-In-Lending Act Credit Card Statement (2 days) Objectives • Identify and use the various entries in a credit card statement. balloon payment. down payment. impulse buying. charge card. lending institution. monthly payment calculator. • Compute monthly payments using a formula. 4-1 Introduction to Consumer Credit (2 days) Objectives • Become familiar with the basic vocabulary of credit terms. current financial situation. cubic regression. Becoming familiar with credit terminology and regulations is critical in making wise credit decisions. Electronic Funds Transfer Act. credit reporting agency. cosigner. Credit comes at a price and in this chapter students learn how to use and manipulate the credit formulas in order to make wise credit choices that fit their needs.

billing date. credit calendar Chapter 4 Mathematics Topics Using algebraic proportions Finding and interpreting cubic regression equations of the form 3 2 y = ax + bx + cx + d Using slope-intercept form y = mx + b Using and interpreting exponential growth and decay equations Computing the average daily balance Applying the monthly payment formula r ⎞ ⎛ r ⎞⎛ P⎜ ⎟⎜1 + ⎟ 12 12 M = ⎝ ⎠⎝ 12t ⎠ r ⎞ ⎛ ⎜1 + ⎟ − 1 ⎝ 12 ⎠ 12t Using slope-intercept form y=Mx+b where r ⎞ ⎛ r ⎞⎛ P⎜ ⎟⎜1 + ⎟ 12 12 M = ⎝ ⎠⎝ 12t ⎠ r ⎞ ⎛ ⎜1 + ⎟ − 1 ⎝ 12 ⎠ 12t Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 14 . average daily balance. billing cycle. payments/credits. new purchases. monthly periodic rate. minimum payment. payment due date. available credit. credit line. late charges. APR. • Calculate the finance charge using the credit calendar. Key Terms Average daily balance.Key Terms Account number. new balance. previous balance. finance charge. transactions 4-6 Average Daily Balance (3 days) Objectives • Calculate the average daily balance using the credit calendar. billing date. debit/credit. number of days in billing cycle. credit card statement.

12t ⎡ ⎛ r ⎞⎛ r ⎞ ⎤ ⎢ P⎜ ⎟⎜1 + ⎟ ⎥ ⎝ 12 ⎠⎝ 12 ⎠ ⎥ x + b − R Using the formula FC = ⎢ 12t ⎢⎛ ⎥ r ⎞ ⎢ ⎜1 + ⎟ − 1 ⎥ ⎣ ⎝ 12 ⎠ ⎦ charge and R = retail price where FC = finance Using inverse functions to introduce the natural logarithm function y = ln x as y = log e x and as the inverse of y = ex 12t to solve for the exponent t where r ⎞ ⎛ r ⎞⎛ P⎜ ⎟⎜1 + ⎟ ⎝ 12 ⎠⎝ 12 ⎠ Using the formula M = 12t r ⎞ ⎛ ⎜1 + ⎟ − 1 ⎝ 12 ⎠ ⎛ M ⎞ ⎛ ⎛ M r ⎞⎞ ln⎜ ⎟ − ⎜ ln⎜ − ⎟ ⎟ ⎜ p ⎟ ⎜ ⎜ p 12 ⎟ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ ⎝ ⎝ ⎠⎠ t= r ⎞ ⎛ 12 ln⎜1 + ⎟ ⎝ 12 ⎠ Modeling the average daily balance using the formula dn i =1 n ∑ n Calculating the finance charge using the formula ⎛ n d ⎞ APR FC = ⎜ ∑ n ⎟ ⎝ i =1 n ⎠ 12 Creating algebraic formulas and applying them for use in spreadsheets Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 15 .

frequency. claim. and driving that car. premium. • Compute payments on insurance claims. piecewise function. Key Terms Box-and-whisker plot. median. upper quartile Graph Frequency Distributions (2 days) Objectives • Create a frequency distribution from a set of data. range. domain. media. • Compute the cost of sales tax on automobiles. sales tax. mean. mode. data. measures of central tendency. outlier. personal injury protection (PIP). lower quartile. and graph a straight line depreciation equation. quartiles. Key Terms Cusp. surcharge. Key Terms Arithmetic average. liable. outlier. • Use linear regression to negotiate the purchase or sale of a car. Key Terms Page 16 5-2 5-3 5-4 5-5 Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi . Key Terms Actuary. insuring. 5-1 Classified Ads (2 days) Objectives • Compute the cost of classified ads for used cars.Chapter 5: Automobile Ownership (approximately 20 days) Whether it is a used or new car. resistant. boxplot. depreciating. collision insurance. modified boxplot. • Compute insurance costs. deductible. and interquartile range. bimodal. descending order. comprehensive insurance. liability insurance. • Use box-and-whisker plots and stem-and-leaf plots to display information. uninsured/underinsured motorist protection insurance (UMP) Linear Automobile Depreciation (2 days) Objectives • Write. frequency distribution. ownership requires an understanding of the mathematics that models purchasing. interpret. automobile insurance. no-fault insurance . stem-and-leaf plot Automobile Insurance (3 days) Objectives • Learn about different types of automobile insurance coverage. ascending order. split function But or Sell a Car (2 days) Objectives • Compute the mean. subscripts. negligent. quartiles. range. statistics. emergency road service insurance. bodily injury liability (BI). car rental insurance. interquartile range (IQR). skew. property damage liability (PD).

English Standard System. odometer. reaction time. Key Terms Accident reconstructionist. and graph an exponential depreciation equation. fuel economy measurement. slope. interpret. chord. depreciate. drag factor. skid speed formula. yaw mark 5-7 5-8 5-9 Chapter 5 Mathematics Topics Systems of linear equations Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 17 . trip odometer Driving Safety Data (2 days) Objectives • Calculate reaction time and distance in the English Standard System. braking efficiency. straight line depreciation equation 5-6 Historical and Exponential Depreciation (2 days) Objectives • Write. • Use the formula for the relationship between distance. • Calculate and use the braking distance in both English Standard and Metric Systems. middle ordinate. exponential depreciation. • Determine the minimum skid speed using the yaw mark formula. • Manipulate the exponential depreciation equation in order to determine time. historical data. miles per gallon.Appreciate. straight line depreciation. skid mark. kilometers per liter. distance formula. • Calculate and use the total stopping distance in both the English Standard and Metric Systems. exponential decay. historical depreciation Driving Data (2 days) Objectives • Write. Key Terms Dollar value. Key Terms Currency exchange rate. anti-lock braking system (ABS). original price. fuel economy. speedometer. reaction distance. interpret and use the distance formula. and depreciated value. shallow skid mark. mechanical odometer. skid distance. thinking time. total stopping distance Accident Investigation Data (3 days) Objectives • Determine the minimum skid speed using the skid mark formula. Key Terms Braking distance. Metric System. and gas usage. electronic odometer.

Modeling exponential depreciation as

y = Px b where P is purchase price and x < 1.
Transforming raw data into a frequency distribution Creating and interpreting stem and leaf plots and side-by-side steam plots such as

Creating and interpreting box and whisker plots and side-by-side boxplots

Creating and interpreting modified box and whisker plots Computing measures of dispersion

R = xH − xL

and

IQR = Q3 − Q1.

Computing Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4 manually and with the graphing calculator Using the expressions

Q1 − 1.5( IQR) and Q3 + 1.5( IQR) to determine outliers
n

Compute and interpret percentiles

Measures of central tendency x

= i =1 n

∑ xi
, median and mode

Creating and interpreting piecewise (split) functions of the form

Determining the domains of a piecewise function from verbal situations Graphing piecewise functions using mutually exclusive domains

Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi

Page 18

Identifying the cusp of a piecewise function at a change in slope such as

Using multi-variable square root functions such as the skid length S Using

= 30 Dfn .

⎛ 5280 s ⎞ RD = 0.75⎜ ⎟ to determine reaction distance ⎝ 60 2 ⎠ 2 Using BD = 5(.1s ) to compute the breaking distance ⎛ 5280s ⎞ 2 Using TSD = 0.75⎜ ⎟ + 5(0.1s ) to compute total stopping distance 2 ⎝ 60 ⎠ D D Manipulating D = RT , R = , and T = to determine distance, rate, and time T R Using D = MPG (G ) to compute miles per gallon
Using geometry theorems involving chords intersecting in a circle and radii perpendicular to chords to determine yaw mark arc length C2 M Finding radius r = + where C is chord length and M is middle ordinate

8M

2

Computing arc lengths Using dilations Dk to transform formulas between the English Standard and Metric measurement systems Applying all algebraic formulas from the chapter for use in spreadsheets

Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi

Page 19

Chapter 6: Employment Basics (approximately 10 days)
Employment is an integral part of our daily lives. Knowing how salaries are computed, benefits bestowed, and wage taxes calculated allow the employee the opportunity to make smart employment choices both before accepting a job and during the period of employment in that job.
6-1 Look for Employment (1 day) Objectives • Compute periodic salary based on annual contract salary. • Interpret abbreviations in classified ads. • Express classified ad prices as piecewise functions. Key Terms Benefits, discount, employment agency, fee paid, Form W-4: Employee’s Withholding Allowance Certificate, resume Pay Periods and Hourly Rates (2 days) Objectives • Compute weekly, semimonthly, and biweekly earnings given annual salary. • Compute hourly pay and overtime pay given hourly rate. Key Terms Biweekly, direct deposit, double-time pay, gross pay, hourly rate, monthly pay, overtime hours, overtime hourly rate, semimonthly, time-and-a-half overtime, weekly pay 6-3 Commissions, Royalties, and Piecework Pay (2 days) Objectives • Compute pay based on percent commission. • Compute piecework pay. • Understand advantages and disadvantages of pay based on production. Key Terms Commission, pieceworker, piecework rate, royalty 6-4 Employee Benefits (2 days) Objectives • Understand and calculate the value of certain employee benefits. Key Terms Base period, childcare leave, employee benefits, family health care, individual health care, insurance, paid vacation time, paid holiday time, pension, retirement plans, stock ownership plans, unemployment insurance, worker’s compensation Social Security and Medicare (3 days) Objectives • Compute paycheck deductions for Social Security. • Compute paycheck deductions for Medicare.
Page 20

6-2

6-5

Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi

Social Security.Key Terms Federal Insurance Contributions Act. FICA tax.5tr t+r a n = xr n with common ratio r Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 21 . maximum taxable income. Social Security tax. Chapter 6 Mathematics Topics Identifying continuous and discontinuous functions by their graphs Interpreting jump discontinuities Writing an interpreting domains and piecewise functions of the forms and Graphing exponential pay schedules such as Graphing piecewise functions with cusps such as Using measures of central tendency and rational functions such as a ( x) = Geometric sequences such as 40r + 1. Medicare tax.

Expressing percent increases and decreases as rational functions Reading and interpreting data Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 22 .

net pay. married filing jointly. Internal Revenue Service. students see how mathematics can be used to model and understand our progressive tax system. exemption. flexible spending account. voluntary compliance 7-2 7-3 7-4 7-5 Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 23 . standard deduction Form 1040 and Schedules A and B (6 days) Objectives • File Form 1040 with itemized deductions. qualifying widower. Form 1040. Form 1099. gross pay. Form 1040A. Key Terms Form 1040. Through the creation of functions and the analysis of graphic representations of those functions. withholding tax Forms 1040EZ and 1040A (4 days) Objectives • Complete Form 1040EZ. property tax. Key Terms Dependent. take-home pay. 7-1 Tax Tables. Form W-2. tax.Chapter 7: Income Taxes (approximately 20 days) The Federal income tax laws and forms need not be a maze of complexities. tax credit. tax bracket Income Statements (2 days) Objectives • Interpret and use the information on a pay stub.. pay stub. students gain insight into their income reporting and tax paying obligations. • Complete Form 1040A. and Schedules (3 days) Objectives • Express tax schedules algebraically. proportional tax. Worksheets. Income tax. paycheck. Key Terms Cafeteria plan. tax evasion. progressive tax system. sales tax. regressive tax schedule. Schedule B-Interest and Dividend Income. Key Terms Head of household. • Understand the difference between a tax credit and a tax deduction. Form 1040EZ. tax avoidance. tax-deferred contribution. married filing separately. In this chapter. Key Terms Flat tax. taxable income Modeling Tax Schedules (3 days) Objectives • Construct income tax graphs using piecewise functions derived from tax schedules. • Compute Federal income taxes using a tax table and tax schedule. W-2 form and 1099 form. itemize. Schedule A-Itemized Deductions.

and linear equations. Expressing domains using compound inequality notation of the form t ≥ t1 and t < t2 Expressing domains using compound inequality notation of the form t > t1 and t ≤ t2 . p is the tax percentage expressed as a decimal. interval notation of the form t1 < x ≤ t 2 . and tax schedule notation of the form “over t1 but not over t 2 ” Given a compound inequality statement. exponential. and x is the taxable income Converting point-slope form to slope-intercept form of a linear equation Writing equations in point-slope form Modeling algebraically a tax schedule of the form Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 24 . t1 is the lower boundary of the domain.Chapter 7 Mathematics Topics Introducing point-slope form y it to slope-intercept form y = mx + b − y 1 = m ( x − x 1 ) and converting Graphing continuous polygonal functions with multiple slopes and cusps Translating verbal expressions into literal rational. a is the base tax. modeling a tax bracket to determine the tax using a linear equation of the form y = a + p ( x − t1 ) where y is the tax.

and cusps of continuous polygonal functions with multiple slopes and cusps Translating verbal expressions into literal equations Adapting all algebraic formulas in the unit for use in spreadsheets Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 25 . slopes. Identifying the cusps of piecewise functions from the function notation Interpreting the graphs.Using a piecewise function of the form where f(x) represents the tax liability function for taxpayers using a given tax schedule with taxable incomes on a given domain Graphing piecewise functions of the form on the coordinate plane.

single-family home. balloon mortgage. 8-2 8-3 8-4 Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 26 . furnished. Key Terms Assessed value. debtto-income ratio. homeowner’s insurance. hybrid ARM. • Understand the research thatis necessary before you purchase a home. • Determine the relationship between square footage and monthly rent. Monte Carlo Method. Purchase a Home (4 days) Objectives • Estimate closing costs. front-end ratio. • Create an amortization table for a fixed-rate mortgage. arrears. congruent. Key Terms Apothem. evict. Key Terms Apartment. square footage. application deposit. escrow. • Compute areas of irregular regions.Chapter 8: Independent Living (approximately 15 days) A “place of my own to call home” comes in many forms and with varying degrees of financial responsibilities. British Thermal Units (BTUs).. attorney fee. Key Terms Adjustment period. • Investigate the amortization table for an adjustable rate mortgage. earnest money deposit. initial rate. discount points. mortgage. Read a Floor Plan (3 days) Objectives • Compute the perimeter and the area of a polygon. 8-1 Find a Place t Live (3 days) Objectives • Calculate the affordability of a monthly rent.. title search. down payment. non-recurring costs. perimeter. area. transfer tax. prepaid interest. real estate tax. back-end ratio. • Determine lease signing costs. floor plan. origination points. In this chapter. closing. and tenant. • Calculate moving expenses. security deposit. adjustable-rate mortgage. mortgage. interest-only market value. students work their way through the mathematics that models moving. • Compute volumes of rectangular solids. expire.. property tax. and purchasing a place to live. renting. volume. landlord. closing costs. Mortgage Application Process (3 days) Objectives • Compute the monthly cost of paying for a house. foreclose. fixed-rate mortgage. • Create an amortization table for a fixed-rate mortgage with extra payments. title.

equity. a / 12 Using rational functions to compute front-end ratios of the form m + p / 12 + h / 12 . and Cooperatives (2 days) Objectives • Compute costs of purchasing a cooperative or condominium. cooperative. • Understand the advantages and disadvantages of different forms of homes. condominium.8-5 Rentals. x / 12 Using the monthly payment formula 12t ⎞ ⎛ ⎛ r ⎞⎛ ⎜ P⎜ ⎟⎜1 + r ⎞ ⎟ ⎜ ⎝ 12 ⎠⎝ 12 ⎟ ⎟ ⎠ ⎠ M =⎝ 12t ⎛⎛ ⎞ r ⎞ ⎜ ⎜ 1 + ⎟ − 1⎟ ⎜ ⎝ 12 ⎠ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ 12t ⎛ ⎛ r ⎞⎛ r ⎞ ⎞ ⎜ P⎜ ⎟⎜1 + ⎟ ⎟ ⎜ ⎝ 12 ⎠⎝ 12 ⎠ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ − C where C is original cost Computing interest I = 12t ⎛⎛ ⎞ r ⎞ ⎜ ⎜1 + ⎟ − 1⎟ ⎜ ⎝ 12 ⎠ ⎟ ⎝ ⎠ 1 Using the apothem to compute the area of a regular polygon A = ap 2 Using probability to find the area of irregular plane region (The Monte Carlo Method) numberof points inside region area of irregularregion = numberof random points generated area of framing rectangle Using factors of dilations to draw to scale Finding areas of irregular and shaded regions Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 27 . landominium. maintenance fee Chapter 8 Mathematics Topics Using rational functions to compute back-end ratios of the form b= f = m + p / 12 + h / 3 + c + d . Condominiums. co-op apartment. Key Terms Board of directors.

such as Solving proportions Creating multi-variable tax assessment equations BTU rating ≈ while 60 Using exponential equations to model rent increases such as B ⎞ ⎛ R = A⎜1 + ⎟ ⎝ 100 ⎠ D −1 Modeling rent increases using exponential regression Reading and interpreting data Using the future value of a periodic deposit formula ⎛ ⎛ r ⎞ nt ⎞ P⎜ ⎜1 + ⎟ − 1⎟ ⎟ ⎜⎝ n ⎠ ⎠ ⎝ B= ⎛r⎞ ⎜ ⎟ ⎝n⎠ to make comparisons to mortgage payments and increasing resale value of a home Writing all algebraic formulas from the chapter for use in spreadsheets Translating verbal expressions into literal equations Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 28 .Using rational functions to compute BTU’s.

and life insurance. Social Security benefit. • Calculate pension benefits during and after vesting periods. Key Terms 401K. Social Security credit. deferred compensation. defined benefit plan. individual retirement account (IRA). 9-1 Retirement Income from Savings (2 days) Objectives • Calculate future values of retirement investments that are both signle deposit and periodic. This involves a detailed study of retirement savings plans. qualified joint and survivor annuity. vested Life Insurance (2 days) Objectives • . Key Terms Consumer Price Index (CPI). retirement. • Compute Federal income tax on benefits that are paid under Social Security. Key Terms Full-retirement age. cost of living adjustment (COLA). semi-retired. tax-exempt. The focus of this chapter is on the fiscal plans that workers can make years ahead of their retirement date. Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation. 9-2 9-3 9-4 Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 29 . after-tax investments. both personal and federal. the notion of retirement is so far in the distant future that many rarely consider the fact that actions they take now can affect how they will live once they stop working. Employee Retirement Income Security Act.Compute the cost of different types of life insurance. pension. lump-sum payment. • Understand how benefits are computed. Pension Protection Act. Roth IRA. employee pension programs. • Compare the tax savings by making contributions to pre-tax retirement savings accounts. Social Security statement Pensions (2 days) Objectives • Calculate pension benefits using various formulas. Survivors. Keogh plan. tax-deferred. and Disability Insurance (OASDI). traditional IRA Social Security Benefits (3 days) Objectives • Understand the benefits paid by Social Security. Old-Age.Chapter 9: Planning for Retirement (approximately 10 days) For most high school students. 403B.. • Understand the advantages and disadvantages of different types of life insurance. • Calculate an employer’s matching contribution to a retirement account.

premium. and compounding information Using the present value of a periodic investment formula of the form when given a future value. whole life insurance Chapter 9 Mathematics Topics Using the future value of a periodic investment formula of the form to predict balances after t years when given a periodic deposit amount. term life insurance. and compounding information Writing rational expressions as a combination of rational and polynomial expressions Using inequalities to define domains when creating algebraic expressions Analyzing the effect that a change in multipliers has to the value of an algebraic expression Writing rational expressions to represent increase over time Using and interpreting the greatest integer function of the form [x ] Determining and interpreting the expected value of a probability distribution where the n expected value is of the form ∑ xi f ( xi ) i =1 Reading and interpreting data presented in multiple formats Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 30 . mortality table. variable life insurance. universal life insurance. an investment return rate. permanent life insurance. group term life insurance. a time in years. face value. increasing term insurance. decreasing term insurance. cash value. level term insurance. an investment return rate.Key Terms Beneficiary.

Creating. interpreting. and graphing greatest integer functions of the form y = [x − a ] + 1 Understanding the algebraic and contextual differences between y = [x − a ] + 1 y = [x − a ] and Incorporating the greatest integer function into a piecewise function of the form a when x ≤ b x – d) when x > b and x is an integer a + c([x – d] + 1) when x > b and x is not an integer c(x) = Evaluating a piecewise function that includes a greatest integer function for various values on the domain of the piecewise function Creating. interpreting. and graphing greatest integer functions of the form y = [x − a ] Creating. interpreting. and graphing a system of a linear and a piecewise function and determining the point of intersection as shown in the following graph: Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 31 .

. envelope accounting system. • Develop and interpret a year-long expense budget plan. budget check-off matrix. text messaging. • Compute the time is takes an energy-saving appliance to pay for itself Key Terms Ccf. watt. and use a responsible personal budget. and cable television. cash-flow matrix. chart. electronic matrix. Key Terms Bar graph. and a budget line graph. year-long expense budget plan. debt reduction plan. volume..Chapter 10: Prepare a Budget (approximately 10 days) This final chapter of the text calls upon the knowledge acquired in the preceding chapters in order to create. debt-to-income ratio. • Visualize and interpret a budget using a pie chart. Key Terms Assets. cash flow. sector Cash Flow and Budgeting (3 days) Objectives • Develop and interpret a cash flow chart. 10-1 Utility Expenses (2 days) Objectives • Compute the cost of electric. gas. a line graph. present reading. Internet service. cubic foot. frequency budget plan. pie chart. matrix. column. 10-2 10-3 10-4 Chapter 10 Mathematics Topics Using sectors and central angles of a circle to depict proportional categories on a pie chart when given categorical information Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 32 . watt-hour Electronic Utilities (2 days) Objectives • .Compute the cost of cell phone calls. previous reading. row. meter. oil and water for a home. net worth. order of a matrix. utility. budget line graph. • Develop and interpret a frequency budget plan. a bar graph. • Compute the cost of using specific appliances for specific lengths of time. budget matrix. kilowatt-hour (kWh). Key Terms Electronic utilities Charting a Budget (3 days) Objectives • Create and use a budget check-off matrix. line graph.

x and y represent quantities under consideration and B represents an amount budgeted Interpreting points on a budget line graphs in the context of their relationship to the budget line as shown in the following display: Comparing budget line graphs and interpreting them as transformations in the plane as shown here: Using inequalities to interpret regions and points in the plane in relation to a budget line graph Using multiple representations to chart data such as Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 33 .Creating and interpreting budget line equations of the type represents the cost of the first of two items and C x x+ C y y=B where Cx Cy represents the cost of the second of two items.

Using algebraic rational expressions to model ratios in context Writing algebraic formulas for use in spreadsheets Syllabus for Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi Page 34 .

Sgroi. ISBN 10: 0538449675. Gerver/Richard J.Correlation of Financial Algebra. © 2011. by Robert K. ISBN 13: 9780538449670 To Common Core State Standards For Mathematics .

Number and Quantity . Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions. the mathematics necessary for daily living is embedded in content that directly relates to financial decisions adults make in their daily lives. Common Core Standard CHAPTER 1 C1 1-1 Pages 5-9 C1 1-2 (continued on next page) Pages 10-15 Algebra . 1  . Algebra . Solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable. Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 1. and pictorial representations used in Financial Algebra assist students in making sense of the financial world around them through mathematical modeling and. Financial Financial Algebra Algebra Chapter Page Numbers & Section Common Core Standard Mathematics| High School Modeling★ Modeling Standards Modeling is best interpreted not as a collection of isolated topics but rather in relation to other standards. Number and Quantity .Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 1. choose and interpret units consistently in formulas. including equations with coefficients represented by letters.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 3. and simple rational and exponential functions.Financial Algebra by Gerver & Sgroi In Financial Algebra. equip them with the ability to make sound financial decisions based on data. Number and Quantity .Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Solve equations and inequalities in one variable 3. functions. choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. Making mathematical models is a Standard for Mathematical Practice. Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 2. Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems. Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. The mathematical formulas. and specific modeling standards appear throughout the high school standards indicated by a star symbol (★).

Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Write expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems 3.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 1. Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. C1 1-6 (continued on next page) Pages 36-39 Number and Quantity . 2  . Algebra . Solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable. Number and Quantity .Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 1. C1 1-2 (continued) Pages 10-15 C1 1-3 Pages 16-21 C1 1-4 Pages 22-28 Number and Quantity . choose and interpret units consistently in formulas.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Algebra . choose and interpret units consistently in formulas. Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions. Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 2. Number and Quantity . Number and Quantity .Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 2. Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems. choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. and simple rational and exponential functions. choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. including equations with coefficients represented by letters.Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Solve equations and inequalities in one variable 3. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions. Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 1.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 1. Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems. Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression. choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 2. Algebra . Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. choose and interpret units consistently in formulas.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 1. C1 1-5 Pages 29-24 Number and Quantity . and simple rational and exponential functions. Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling Algebra .

Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context C1 1-9 C2 2-1 (continued on next page) Pages 51-56 CHAPTER 2 Pages 65-69 Number and Quantity . including equations with coefficients represented by letters. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Algebra .Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Solve equations and inequalities in one variable 3. Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities. Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph. graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 4. 3  .Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1. Algebra . including equations with coefficients represented by letters. Functions . Solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable. C1 1-6 (continued) Pages 36-39 C1 1-7 C1 1-8 Pages 40-45 Pages 46-50 Algebra . Algebra . using the same reasoning as in solving equations. Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems. Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. Number and Quantity . by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 3. Solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable. and simple rational and exponential functions. Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7.Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Solve equations and inequalities in one variable 3. Algebra .Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 1.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 2.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 2. Algebra . Rearrange formulas to highlight a quantity of interest.

Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7. Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot. Statistics and Probability★ . Statistics and Probability★ . Functions . graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. and describe how the variables are related. Functions .Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize. Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function. represent. Functions . Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities. Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 2. The graph of f is the graph of the equation y = f(x). and interpret data on two categorical and quantitative variables 6.Interpret categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Interpret Linear Models 9.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 3.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Functions . Understand that a function from one set (called the domain) to another set (called the range) assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 2. C2 2-1 (continued) Pages 65-69 C2 2-2 (continued on next page) Pages71-74 4  . Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph. by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases. If f is a function and x is an element of its domain. Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems. choose and interpret units consistently in formulas.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8. Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function. Number and Quantity . Algebra . Distinguish between correlation and causation.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 1. Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities.Interpreting Functions F-LF Understand the concept of a function and use function notation 1. Number and Quantity . Number and Quantity . choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8. then f(x) denotes the output of f corresponding to the input x.

interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities. The graph of f is the graph of the equation y = f(x).★ Functions . graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot. end behavior. represent. where applicable. by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases. Statistics and Probability★ . and periodicity.Interpreting Functions F-LF Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context 4. ★ Functions . Functions .Interpreting Functions F-LF Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context 5. intervals where the function is increasing. Functions . and describe how the variables are related. positive. maxima. Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function. then f(x) denotes the output of f corresponding to the input x. or negative. decreasing. represent. Statistics and Probability★ . Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7. symmetries.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Statistics and Probability★ . Functions . and minima.Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize. Understand that a function from one set (called the domain) to another set (called the range) assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range. If f is a function and x is an element of its domain. to the quantitative relationship it describes. Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities. and interpret data on two categorical and quantitative variables 6.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7a. and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship.Interpreting Functions F-LF Understand the concept of a function and use function notation1. Algebra .Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 2. and interpret data on two categorical and quantitative variables 7c. Functions . C2 2-2 (continued) Pages 71-74 C2 2-3 (continued on next page) Pages 75-79 5  . Relate the domain of a function to its graph and. Key features include: intercepts. Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient of a linear fit. Graph linear and quadratic functions and show intercepts. Fit a linear function for a scatter plot that suggests a linear association.Interpret categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Interpret Linear Models 8.Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize. For a function that models a relationship between two quantities.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8. relative maximums and minimums.

Graph the solutions to a linear inequality in two variables as a half plane (excluding the boundary in the case of a strict inequality).Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Solve systems of equations 6.Interpret categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Interpret Linear Models 8.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 3. graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 3.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Statistics and Probability★-Interpret categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Interpret Linear Models 8. choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. C2 2-3 C2 2-4 Pages 75-79 Pages 80-85 C2 2-5 (continued on next page) Pages 86-90 6  . Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling..Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically 12.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 1. Number and Quantity .g. Algebra . Algebra .Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 2. Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 2.Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Understand solving equations as a process of reasoning and explain the reasoning 2. Algebra . and graph the solution set to a system of linear inequalities in two variables as the intersection of the corresponding half-planes. Number and Quantity . Algebra . and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. focusing on pairs of linear equations in two variables. Number and Quantity . Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function. Solve systems of linear equations exactly and approximately (e.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8. Algebra . Statistics and Probability★. and give examples showing how extraneous solutions may arise. Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient of a linear fit. choose and interpret units consistently in formulas. with graphs). Solve simple rational and radical equations in one variable. and by systems of equations and/or inequalities. Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient of a linear fit. Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems. Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities. Functions . Represent constraints by equations or inequalities.

Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph. Graph linear and quadratic functions and show intercepts. completing the square. Algebra . and coefficients. Algebra . Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context. graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. Functions. taking square roots. Interpret parts of an expression. factors. Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane. b. and by systems of equations and/or inequalities. Algebra .g. maxima.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 2. and by systems of equations and/or inequalities. Functions . and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. and minima. Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8. and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. Algebra .Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Algebra . Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function. for x2 = 49). the quadratic formula and factoring. C2 2-5 (continued) Pages 86-90 C2 2-6 (continued on next page) Pages 91-96 Algebra . graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. such as terms.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 3.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 2. Algebra .Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 3. by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases. often forming a curve (which could be a line). Solve quadratic equations in one variable.Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically 10. Recognize when the quadratic formula gives complex solutions and write them as a ± bi for real numbers a and b. as appropriate to the initial form of the equation. Represent constraints by equations or inequalities.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1.★ a.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7a. Represent constraints by equations or inequalities. Functions .. Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities. Solve quadratic equations by inspection (e. 7  .Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Solve equations and inequalities in one variable 4.

b. e. or find successive approximations. by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases. Recognize when the quadratic formula gives complex solutions and write them as a ± bi for real numbers a and b. Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Algebra . Include cases where f(x) and/or g(x) are linear. often forming a curve (which could be a line). the quadratic formula and factoring. Solve quadratic equations in one variable. rational. Solve quadratic equations by inspection (e.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7a.g. exponential.Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically 11. Solve a simple system consisting of a linear equation and a quadratic equation in two variables algebraically and graphically. Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function.Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Solve equations and inequalities in one variable 4.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8. Algebra ..Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Solve systems of equations 7. and minima. absolute value. Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph. make tables of values. Solve quadratic equations in one variable. taking square roots.. Explain why the x-coordinates of the points where the graphs of the equations y = f(x) and y = g(x) intersect are the solutions of the equation f(x) = g(x). Functions. polynomial.g.Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Solve equations and inequalities in one variable 4. Functions. Algebra . completing the square. maxima. and logarithmic functions. using technology to graph the functions. Algebra .Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7. Algebra . for x2 = 49). as appropriate to the initial form of the equation. C2 2-6 (continued) Pages 91-96 8  .Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically 10.★ Functions . Graph linear and quadratic functions and show intercepts. find the solutions approximately.

and logarithmic functions. find the solutions approximately.Creating equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 3. Number and Quantity . Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities. using technology to graph the functions. e. and by systems of equations and/or inequalities. make tables of values.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 1. Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems. C2 2-7 (continued on next page) Pages 97-102 9  . Algebra . Explain why the x-coordinates of the points where the graphs of the equations y = f(x) and y = g(x) intersect are the solutions of the equation f(x) = g(x). Algebra .Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Number and Quantity . Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling. by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases. and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities. or find successive approximations.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7. choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays.. Solve a simple system consisting of a linear equation and a quadratic equation in two variables algebraically and graphically.★ Functions . Algebra . polynomial. graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 2. Algebra .Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Solve systems of equations 7. choose and interpret units consistently in formulas. Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane. Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph. often forming a curve (which could be a line).g.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 2.Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically 10. absolute value. Represent constraints by equations or inequalities. Algebra . Number and Quantity . exponential. Include cases where f(x) and/or g(x) are linear.Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically 11.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 3. rational.

and by systems of equations and/or inequalities. exponential. graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. and minima. make tables of values. Graph linear and quadratic functions and show intercepts.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8. C2 2-7 (continued) Pages 97-102 C2 2-8 (continued on next page) Pages 103-107 10  . maxima. Algebra .Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 2.Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically 11. Represent constraints by equations or inequalities. Functions .Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Solve systems of equations 7. Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function.Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically 10.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7. Number and Quantity . absolute value.★ Functions .Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 1. and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context..g. Algebra . Number and Quantity . rational. Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems. Include cases where f(x) and/or g(x) are linear. Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane.Creating equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 3. Explain why the x-coordinates of the points where the graphs of the equations y = f(x) and y = g(x) intersect are the solutions of the equation f(x) = g(x). polynomial. find the solutions approximately.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7a. Algebra . e. or find successive approximations. Algebra . often forming a curve (which could be a line). Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph. using technology to graph the functions. by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases. Algebra .Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 2. Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities. Solve a simple system consisting of a linear equation and a quadratic equation in two variables algebraically and graphically. choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. choose and interpret units consistently in formulas. and logarithmic functions.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Functions . Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling.

Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context 11  . Algebra . or negative. using the same reasoning as in solving equations. Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function.Building Functions F-BF Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities 1. Functions . interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities. Graph linear and quadratic functions and show intercepts. decreasing.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8. Functions . intervals where the function is increasing.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 4. Determine an explicit expression.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Write expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems 3.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Functions . and minima. symmetries. positive. Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression. Rearrange formulas to highlight a quantity of interest. Functions .Building Functions F-BF Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities 1a. Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities ★ Functions . For a function that models a relationship between two quantities.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1. Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context★ Algebra . end behavior. maxima. Key features include: intercepts. and periodicity★ C2 2-8 (continued) Pages 103-107 CHAPTER 3 C3 3-1 Pages 116-122 C3 3-2 C3 3-3 C3 3-4 Pages 123-130 Pages 131-136 Pages 137-142 Algebra . and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7a. using the same reasoning as in solving equations. relative maximums and minimums. a recursive process. or steps for calculation from a context. Algebra .Interpreting Functions F-LF Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context 4.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1. Rearrange formulas to highlight a quantity of interest.Creating equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 4. Algebra ..

Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Write expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems 3c.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Write expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems 3. C3 3-4 C3 3-5 Pages 137-142 Pages 143-149 C3 3-6 Pages 150-155 C3 3-7 Pages156-160 12  . allowing for a notation for radicals in terms of rational exponents. Number and Quantity . Explain how the definition of the meaning of rational exponents follows from extending the properties of integer exponents to those values.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Algebra . Interpret complicated expressions by viewing one or more of their parts as a single entity Algebra . such as terms.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8b.01212t to reveal the approximate equivalent monthly interest rate if the annual rate is 15%. For example the expression 1. Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression.15t can be rewritten as (1.151/12)12t ≈ 1. Functions . Interpret parts of an expression. Use the properties of exponents to transform expressions for exponential functions. Algebra . and coefficients Algebra . Rewrite expressions involving radicals and rational exponents using the properties of exponents Algebra .The Real Number System N-RN Extend the properties of exponents to rational numbers 2. Interpret complicated expressions by viewing one or more of their parts as a single entity Algebra . Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1b.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8b.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1a. factors.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Write expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems 3. Functions . Number and Quantity .The Real Number System N-RN Extend the properties of exponents to rational numbers 1. Use the properties of exponents to interpret expressions for exponential functions.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1b. Use the properties of exponents to interpret expressions for exponential functions.

Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 2.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 3. Key features include: intercepts.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Write expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems 3c. Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context★ Algebra . Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression. Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression. a recursive process. relative maximums and minimums. decreasing. Algebra . or negative.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Write expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems 3.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Functions .Interpreting Functions F-LF Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context 4.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8b. and periodicity. C3 3-8 Pages 161-165 CHAPTER 4 C4 4-1 Pages174-180 C4 4-2 (continued on next page) Pages181-186 Algebra .Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 4. Represent constraints by equations or inequalities. and by systems of equations and/or inequalities. or steps for calculation from a context. Functions. Determine an explicit expression. end behavior. positive. interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities. symmetries.Building Functions F-BF Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities 1a. Rearrange formulas to highlight a quantity of interest. Algebra . Algebra . Use the structure of an expression to identify ways to rewrite it.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1. Functions . using the same reasoning as in solving equations. For a function that models a relationship between two quantities. Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities ★ Functions .★ Algebra . and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. Use the properties of exponents to interpret expressions for exponential functions.Building Functions F-BF Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities 1. intervals where the function is increasing. Algebra .Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Write expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems 3. and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Use the properties of exponents to transform expressions for exponential functions 13  .

Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context★ Number and Quantity . choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot. choose and interpret units consistently in formulas.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1. Algebra .Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8b. Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling Algebra .Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 2.Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize. Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. C4 4-2 (continued) Pages181-186 C4 4-3 C4 4-4 Pages187-192 Pages 193-199 Number and Quantity . Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context★ Number and Quantity .Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 1.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 1. and describe how the variables are related. Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems. Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1b. choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. Fit a function to the data. Use the properties of exponents to interpret expressions for exponential functions.Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1. Statistics and Probability★. choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. Algebra . choose and interpret units consistently in formulas. represent. Interpret complicated expressions by viewing one or more of their parts as a single entity Linear and Exponential Model F-LE Construct and compare linear and exponential models and solve problems 5. Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context★ C4 4-5 Pages 200-205 C4 4-6 Pages 206-210 14  . use functions fitted to data to solve problems in the context of the data.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Functions . Statistics and Probability★.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 1. Algebra . represent. and interpret data on two categorical and quantitative variables 6. choose and interpret units consistently in formulas. and interpret data on two categorical and quantitative variables 6a. Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems. Number and Quantity .

Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize. and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable 1. Graph square root. standard deviation) of two or more different data sets. and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable 4. Statistics and Probability★ .Interpreting Functions F-LF Understand the concept of a function and use function notation 1. Represent data with plots on the real number line (dot plots. Functions . including step functions and absolute value functions. Understand that a function from one set (called the domain) to another set (called the range) assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range. and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context. represent. and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable 3. If f is a function and x is an element of its domain. Functions . and spread in the context of the data sets. Use function notation. cube root. evaluate functions for inputs in their domains.Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize. and tables to estimate areas under the normal curve. then f(x) denotes the output of f corresponding to the input x. accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). mean) and spread (interquartile range. represent. center. represent.Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize. and piecewise-defined functions.Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize. Use calculators. C5 5-3 (continued on next page) Pages 232-237 15  . Use statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution to compare center (median. histograms.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard CHAPTER 5 C5 5-1 Pages 220-223 C5 5-2 Pages 224-230 Algebra .Creating equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 2. represent. Statistics and Probability★ . Use the mean and standard deviation of a data set to fit it to a normal distribution and to estimate population percentages. and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable 2. The graph of f is the graph of the equation y = f(x). Interpret differences in shape. Statistics and Probability★ . graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. Recognize that there are data sets for which such a procedure is not appropriate. Functions . Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7b. spreadsheets. Statistics and Probability★ . and box plots).Interpreting Functions F-LF Understand the concept of a function and use function notation 2.

Functions . Statistics and Probability★. and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable 4. Functions.Interpreting Functions F-LF Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context 6. represent. and tables to estimate areas under the normal curve. mean) and spread (interquartile range. Recognize that there are data sets for which such a procedure is not appropriate. Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Statistics and Probability★ . and by systems of equations and/or inequalities. and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph. center. Algebra . Interpret differences in shape.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 2. Use statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution to compare center (median. Represent constraints by equations or inequalities.Interpret categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Interpret Linear Models 7. Use calculators. and minima. maxima. and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable 3. Estimate the rate of change from a graph. Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Graph linear and quadratic functions and show intercepts. represent. graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable 2. Functions .Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 3. spreadsheets. Statistics and Probability★.Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7a.Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize. Graph linear and quadratic functions and show intercepts. Statistics and Probability★. standard deviation) of two or more different data sets.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7. represent. Use the mean and standard deviation of a data set to fit it to a normal distribution and to estimate population percentages. C5 5-3 (continued) Pages 232-237 C5 5-4 Pages 240-251 C5 5-5 (continued on next page) Pages 245-251 Functions . by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases. and minima.Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize. Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. maxima. accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). and spread in the context of the data sets.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7a. 16  . Algebra .

Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8b. Graph exponential and logarithmic functions. showing period. b. showing intercepts and end behavior.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 9. Algebra . Functions . Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 2. or by verbal descriptions). Recognize situations in which a quantity grows or decays by a constant percent rate per unit interval relative to another. numerically in tables. Quadratic. and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. Algebra . and amplitude. and Exponential Model F-LE Construct and compare linear and exponential models and solve problems 1. Represent constraints by equations or inequalities.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7. and Exponential Model F-LE Construct and compare linear and exponential models and solve problems 5.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 3. midline. Functions .Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 9. Recognize situations in which one quantity changes at a constant rate per unit interval relative to another. graphically. Quadratic. Functions . and trigonometric functions. Functions – Linear. Compare properties of two functions each represented in a different way (algebraically. graphically. numerically in tables. Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. Functions – Linear. and by systems of equations and/or inequalities. Use the properties of exponents to interpret expressions for exponential functions. graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. Functions -Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7e.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Functions . Functions – Linear. by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases. Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions c. Compare properties of two functions each represented in a different way (algebraically. and Exponential Model F-LE Construct and compare linear and exponential models and solve problems 1. or by verbal descriptions). Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities. Quadratic. C5 5-5 (continued) C5 5-6 (continued on next page) Pages 252-258 17  .

and interpret data on two categorical and quantitative variables 6. and periodicity★ 18  . interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities. Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot. Functions . Algebra .Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize. Key features include: intercepts. and describe how the variables are related. Interpret complicated expressions by viewing one or more of their parts as a single entity Algebra -Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Write expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems 3. and Exponential Model F-LE Construct and compare linear and exponential models and solve problems 5. Geometry .Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 4.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Functions – Linear. represent. C5 5-6 (continued) C5 5-7 C5 5-8 C5 5-9 Pages 259-267 Pages 268-273 Pages 274-282 Algebra .Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize. and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Statistics and Probability★. use functions fitted to data to solve problems in the context of the data. Interpret the parameters in a linear or exponential function in terms of a context. Algebra . Derive using similarity the fact that the length of the arc intercepted by an angle is proportional to the radius.Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Understand solving equations as a process of reasoning and explain the reasoning 2.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1b. relative maximums and minimums. derive the formula for the area of a sector. and define the radian measure of the angle as the constant of proportionality. using the same reasoning as in solving equations. decreasing. Quadratic. symmetries. and give examples showing how extraneous solutions may arise. Rearrange formulas to highlight a quantity of interest. Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression. end behavior.Circles G-C Find arc lengths and areas of sectors of circles 5.Interpreting Functions F-LF Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context 4. Fit a function to the data. intervals where the function is increasing. positive. For a function that models a relationship between two quantities. Statistics and Probability★. Solve simple rational and radical equations in one variable. and interpret data on two categorical and quantitative variables 6a. or negative. represent.

Functions . Algebra . decreasing. Rearrange formulas to highlight a quantity of interest.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 2. Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities ★ Functions – Linear.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 1. and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context. evaluate functions for inputs in their domains. graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. Functions . Use function notation.Interpreting Functions F-LF Understand the concept of a function and use function notation 2. and piecewise-defined functions. Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7b.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 4. relative maximums and minimums. Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. Include equations arising from linear and quadratic functions. and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. and periodicity★ Pages 310-315 Pages 310-315 Pages 310-315 C6 6-5 Pages 316-321 19  .Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Solve equations and inequalities in one variable 3. Key features include: intercepts. and simple rational and exponential functions. For a function that models a relationship between two quantities. Quadratic.Building Functions F-BF Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities 1. end behavior. and Exponential Model F-LE Construct and compare linear and exponential models and solve problems 1.. Functions . or negative. Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard CHAPTER 6 C6 6-1 Pages 291-295 C6 6-2 C6 6-3 C6 6-4 Page 299 Pages 303-309 Pages 310-315 Algebra . interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities. Graph square root. and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context.Interpreting Functions F-LF Understand the concept of a function and use function notation 2. Use function notation. using the same reasoning as in solving equations. cube root. evaluate functions for inputs in their domains. Functions . Solve linear equations and inequalities in one variable. including step functions and absolute value functions. Functions -Interpreting Functions F-LF Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context 4. intervals where the function is increasing. symmetries. including equations with coefficients represented by letters. positive. Algebra . Algebra .

C7 7-3 C7 7-4 Pages 344-351 Algebra .Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1.Building Functions F-BF Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities 1.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7b.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1. including step functions and absolute value functions. Represent constraints by equations or inequalities. Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function. and interpret solutions as viable or non-viable options in a modeling context. and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context. Functions . and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. If f is a function and x is an element of its domain. Use function notation.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard CHAPTER 7 C7 7-1 C7 7-2 Pages 328-334 Pages 335-343 Algebra . Represent constraints by equations or inequalities. The graph of f is the graph of the equation y = f(x). cube root. Functions .Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 3.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1. Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context★ Algebra . Algebra . Graph square root. Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context★ Pages 352-364 C7 7-5 Pages 365-376 20  . Functions .Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8. and by systems of equations and/or inequalities. Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities ★ Algebra . evaluate functions for inputs in their domains. then f(x) denotes the output of f corresponding to the input x. Understand that a function from one set (called the domain) to another set (called the range) assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range. and by systems of equations and/or inequalities. Functions .Interpreting Functions F-LF Understand the concept of a function and use function notation 1.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 3. and piecewise-defined functions.Interpreting Functions F-LF Understand the concept of a function and use function notation 2. Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context★ Functions .

Statistics and Probability★. long division. C7 7-5 (continued) Pages 365-376 CHAPTER 8 C8 8-1 Pages 387-392 Algebra . Statistics and Probability★. and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. use functions fitted to data to solve problems in the context of the data. Fit a linear function for a scatter plot that suggests a linear association.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 2. and interpret data on two categorical and quantitative variables 6. represent.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Algebra . and by systems of equations and/or inequalities. where a(x). Represent constraints by equations or inequalities.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 3. and define the radian measure of the angle as the constant of proportionality. 21  . a computer algebra system. or. Statistics and Probability★. q(x). and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. represent. Rewrite simple rational expressions in different forms. write a(x)/b(x) in the form q(x)+r(x)/b(x).Interpret categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Interpret Linear Models 8. graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot.Circles G-C Find arc lengths and areas of sectors of circles 5. Algebra .Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1. Statistics and Probability★. and interpret data on two categorical and quantitative variables 6a. Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient of a linear fit. Create equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities.Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize. Derive using similarity the fact that the length of the arc intercepted by an angle is proportional to the radius. r(x) are polynomials with the degree of r(x) less than the degree of b(x) using inspection. and interpret data on two categorical and quantitative variables 7c. Fit a function to the data. b(x).Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize.Interpret Categorical and Quantitative Data S-ID Summarize. for the more complicated examples.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 3. and describe how the variables are related. derive the formula for the area of a sector. Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context★ Algebra .Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 6. and by systems of equations and/or inequalities. Represent constraints by equations or inequalities. C8 8-2 C8 8-3 (continued on next page) Pages 393-400 Pages 401-410 Geometry . represent. Algebra .

Quadratic. and by systems of equations and/or inequalities. Interpret complicated expressions by viewing one or more of their parts as a single entity Building Functions F-BF Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities 1.Building Functions F-BF Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities 1. C8 8-3 (continued) Pages 401-410 C8 8-4 C8 8-5 Pages 411-421 Pages 422-429 CHAPTER 9 C9 9-1 C9 9-2 Pages 439-446 Pages 447-455 C9 9-3 Pages 456-466 Functions . Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities ★ Functions – Linear.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1b. and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities ★ Algebra .Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1. Use the properties of exponents to interpret expressions for exponential functions.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1.Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 3. Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities ★ Algebra .Building Functions F-BF Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities 1. Represent constraints by equations or inequalities. Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context★ Functions . Building Functions F-BF Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities 1. and by systems of equations and/or inequalities.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Algebra .Creating Equations★ A-CED Creating equations that describe numbers or relationships 3. Algebra . and Exponential Model F-LE Construct and compare linear and exponential models and solve problems 1. and interpret solutions as viable or nonviable options in a modeling context. Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context★ Algebra . Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities ★ 22  . Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. Functions .Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 8b. Represent constraints by equations or inequalities.

choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays.Using probability to Make decisions S-MD Calculate expected values and use them to solve problems 1. find the expected value.Interpreting Functions F-LF Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context 4. intervals where the function is increasing. relative maximums and minimums. Key features include: intercepts. symmetries. (+) Weigh the possible outcomes of a decision by assigning probabilities to payoff values and finding expected values. choose and interpret units consistently in formulas.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1. Statistics and Probability★.Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 2. Functions. positive. interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities. (+) Calculate the expected value of a random variable. Statistics and Probability★.Using probability to Make decisions S-MD Calculate expected values and use them to solve problems 2. graph the corresponding probability distribution using the same graphical displays as for data distributions. (+) Develop a probability distribution for a random variable defined for a sample space in which probabilities are assigned empirically. Graph square root. (+) Define a random variable for a quantity of interest by assigning a numerical value to each event in a sample space. and piecewise-defined functions.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Statistics and Probability★. Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context★ C10 10-2 Pages 489-495 Functions . decreasing. interpret it as the mean of the probability distribution. Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multi-step problems.Using probability to Make decisions S-MD Calculate expected values and use them to solve problems 4. Number and Quantity . Statistics and Probability★. cube root. For a function that models a relationship between two quantities. including step functions and absolute value functions. or negative. end behavior.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7b. 23  . Define appropriate quantities for the purpose of descriptive modeling Algebra . and periodicity★ C9 9-4 Pages 467-471 CHAPTER 10 C10 10-1 Pages 482-487 Number and Quantity – Quantities★ N-Q Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems 1.Using probability to Make decisions S-MD Calculate expected values and use them to solve problems 5. and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship.

Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Number and Quantity . maxima. or negative.g. Graph linear and quadratic functions and show intercepts. Functions . positive. often forming a curve (which could be a line). Functions .Interpreting Functions F-LF Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context 4. Algebra .Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7a.Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically 10. Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane. and periodicity★ Functions . by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases. Algebra . and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. often forming a curve (which could be a line). to the quantitative relationship it describes. Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane.. Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities ★ 24  . intervals where the function is increasing. to represent payoffs or incidence relationships in a network.Building Functions F-BF Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities 1.★ Functions . Relate the domain of a function to its graph and. decreasing. Key features include: intercepts. relative maximums and minimums. 6. C10 10-3 Pages 496-507 C10 10-4 Pages 508-519 Algebra -Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1. For a function that models a relationship between two quantities.The Complex Number System N-CM Perform Operations on matrices and use matrices in applications. where applicable. Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context★ Functions .Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities A-REL Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically 10. e. Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph. end behavior. and minima.Interpreting Functions F-LF Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context 5.Interpreting Functions F-LF Analyze functions using different representations 7. (+) Use matrices to represent and manipulate data. interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities. symmetries.

For example. Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context.Chapter & Section Page Numbers Common Core Standard Algebra . Determine an explicit expression. Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context. Combine standard function types using arithmetic operations.★ Algebra . Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities★ a.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1.Seeing Structure in Expressions A-SSE Interpret the structure of expressions 1. b.Building Functions F-BF Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities 1. Interpret complicated expressions by viewing one or more of their parts as a single entity. interpret P(1+r)n as the product of P and a factor not depending on P.★ b. a recursive process. or steps for calculation from a context. Chapters 1-10 Used throughout the text when constructing algebraic models for real life situations 25  . Functions .

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