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Gear Metrology

ME 338: Manufacturing Processes II Instructor: Ramesh Singh; Notes: Profs. Singh/Kurfess

Gear

ME 338: Manufacturing Processes II Instructor: Ramesh Singh; Notes: Profs. Singh/Kurfess

Functions of a Gear
Power transmission Change rotational speed/torque Maintain constant speed ratio

ME 338: Manufacturing Processes II Instructor: Ramesh Singh; Notes: Profs. Singh/Kurfess

Gear Box

ME 338: Manufacturing Processes II Instructor: Ramesh Singh; Notes: Profs. Singh/Kurfess

Gear Kinematics

ME 338: Manufacturing Processes II Instructor: Ramesh Singh; Notes: Profs. Singh/Kurfess

Line of Action

ME 338: Manufacturing Processes II Instructor: Ramesh Singh; Notes: Profs. Singh/Kurfess

Involute Profile
Formed by unwrapping a tangent chord from the base circle

ME 338: Manufacturing Processes II Instructor: Ramesh Singh

Definitions
Diametral pitch, P = N/D Module M is reciprocal of P = D/N Circular pitch = M (arc on pitch circle from flank of one tooth to other tooth) Base pitch = Pb = M cos Addendum = M Dedendum = 1.157 M/1.250M/1.400M Clearance = Dedendum-addendum M, N, are required for characterization
ME 338: Manufacturing Processes II Instructor: Ramesh Singh

Gear Measurement
General Tests Measurement of individual elements

Dual flank test

ME 338: Manufacturing Processes II Instructor: Ramesh Singh

Test Results

ME 338: Manufacturing Processes II Instructor: Ramesh Singh

Gear Tooth Measurement-Gear Tooth Vernier

W=NMsin(90/N)

ME 338: Manufacturing Processes II Instructor: Ramesh Singh

Base Tangent Method


Single tooth measurement has errors so multiple teeth can be measured at one go

ME 338: Manufacturing Processes II Instructor: Ramesh Singh

Base Tangent Method

S W = NM cos tan + + 2N 2N
Where N=No. of teeth; M=Module; =Pressure angle; S= No. of tooth spaces in W

ME 338: Manufacturing Processes II Instructor: Ramesh Singh

Pitch Measurement
Gage A is constant due to gear indexing Any change in gage B shows That there are errors

ME 338: Manufacturing Processes II Instructor: Ramesh Singh