You are on page 1of 1

In the past few years water shut-off treatments in production wells have started to become accepted as part of standard

well service work. The benefits from a successful treatment can be large and immediate; often the "payback" time for a water shut-off job is just a few months, weeks, or even days. This paper details the lessons learnt from BP's first twelve "modern" production well water shut-off treatments in Alaska and the North Sea, carried out over the last three years. Three types of treatment will be discussed: - Near well bore, total shut-off of an isolated zone. Here one entire section of well bore is being abandoned in order to allow production from other zones. - Injecting a relative permeability modifier, full well bore, into all perforated zones. In this case it may not be possible to identify the specific water producing zone, or there may be no barriers (such as shales) beyond the near well bore region to provide fluid control (of both the treating fluid and subsequent produced fluids). - Dual injection treatments. In this final category, a single, discrete, reservoir zone is targeted (for either total shut-off or relative permeability modification), but mechanical well bore control of fluid placement is not available. Gas production from water drive reservoirs often suffers from excessive water production. The influx of water into the gas well requires the gas to lift the water from the bottom of the wellbore to the surface. As the water influx increases, the pressure gradient required to lift the water up the wellbore also increases. This causes a decrease in gas flux from the reservoir into the wellbore; gas production decreases, and eventually the gas well stops flowing. The objective of this water-abatement research project will be to place chemical blocking agents in the gas reservoir to reduce water influx into gas wells, resulting in increased gas-production rates and ultimately increasing the recoverable reserves. Controlling and eliminating unwanted water influx into natural gas wells is a major concern of natural gas producers. Water influx can occur via several mechanisms (flow through fractures, channeling, or coning), and the water may approach from several directions (from below, from the sides, or from above).Usually water is produced at the cost of gas recovery, and, in severe cases, the water influx becomes so great that the gas production is choked off completely. Polymer gel processes can prove quite effective in reducing water. APPLICATION The gel is injected into production wells at temperatures up to 300F. It can solve the following problems:
Bottom Water Coning Fracing Out of Zone Natural Fractures Connected to Bottom Water

DESCRIPTION A gel placement technique that allows gel to be placed in water flow paths so that water is shut off without affecting gas. The technology involves gel and gas injection. The gel should be suitable for the temperature and salinity environment of the reservoir and flow path conductivity. For temperatures below 200F and for higher temperatures, different TIORCO gels have been developed. ADVANTAGES Gel placement in water flow paths is high-graded, so water production is decreased without decreasing gas. This is important because without a proper placement strategy, gel may penetrate water and gas flow paths, shutting off both the unwanted fluid and the desired gas. Can be used in almost any type of mix water, but fresh water is best May not require zone isolation in fractured reservoirs Can place large volumes to block water flow paths further out from the wellbore than other methods. This reduces new flow paths bypassing the gel. Works up to 300F. Can be formulated to work up to 350F Payout is often within 6 to 9 months