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Gaisano Inc. is one of the largest shopping mall chains in the Philippines, having 60 branches all in the Visayas and Mindanao region. The malls are managed by several groups. Gaisano Malls situated in Northern Mindanao-Cagayan de Oro area are managed by Gaisano Incorporated which also owns Gaisano Interpace Computer Systems.

The City of Ormoc is a 1st class city in the province of Leyte, Philippines. The city's name is derived from ogmok, an old Visayan term for lowland or depressed plain. It is the first non-provincial city of the Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 177,524 people. Ormoc is the economic, cultural, commercial and transportation hub of western Leyte.

Ormoc City is an independent component city, not subject to regulation from the Provincial Government of Leyte. However, the city is part of the congressional district IV of Leyte together with Albuera, Kananga, Merida, and Isabel towns.

In November 1991, the Ormoc region was inundated by Tropical Storm Thelma (local name: Uring). Flash floods and landslides killed more than 6,000 people, mostly in Ormoc itself.

Shopping in Ormoc

Primarily known as the economic center of the beautiful and historical province of Leyte, Ormoc City features different shopping centers, retail stores, and specialty stores where locale individuals and tourists can shop for their basic needs like clothing and footwear. Along the busy streets of this inviting city, people can easily see small and simple retail stores such as Between You and Me Fashion Shop, Star and Stripes, as well as Tshilys Store. On the other hand, for those who want to unwind and relax, they can go to any of the citys shopping malls, namely Gaisano Mall, Ormoc Centrum, and The Point.

Gaisano Riverside Mall to open on Oct. 23, Prince Garden Mall in Baybay

by EVMAIL NEWS on OCTOBER 18, 2010

OCTOBER WILL see the opening of two malls in the province, the Gaisano Riverside Mall at Brgy. Alegria, which is tentatively scheduled to open on October 23 and the Prince Garden Mall in Baybay, the exact date of which is undisclosed as yet. Alfie Adlawan, manager, said that they are trying their best to meet the scheduled

opening which would be a “grand opening”. However, he said he would rather say that it

is still a tentative schedule, as they are still waiting for stocks to arrive. Nonetheless, he expressed confidence that they could meet the schedule and added they would be announcing the final date in the week to come. Adlawan said that the Gaisano Riverside Mall is a three level building with the basement

to be used as their grocery section. He said it will be a big grocery with a big meat and wet section. The first and second floors would be for the department store, with a mall area with locators like drugstores, specialized boutiques, restaurants and other amenities found in usual malls in other bigger cities. The third floor, he added, would be for their stocks which they are now on the process of completing. Adlawan said that the new Gaisano Riverside Mall is also owned by the same Gaisano that is operating the Ormoc Gaisano Mall. But the new location would offer a real malling experience at par with that of big cities. On the other hand, the Prince Warehouse in Baybay would also be opening its first mall in the Visayas. Veering away from the usual warehouse signature of the Prince chain, owner Robert Go said they decided to open up their first mall in Baybay to cater to neighboring towns down to Southern Leyte, to give clients a new lifestyle destination. He said their consultants include those that developed The Terraces at Ayala in Cebu, as

they move to offer residents in the area a “lifestyle destination’.

They are targeting to open sometime this October and has started recruiting staff and personnel for the mall. He said they would soon be announcing the exact date of the opening.

2. Gaisano Malls This is the top two of the best Leyte shopping establishments. The Gaisano

malls can be found in two places in Leyte. The first branch is in Tacloban and the other one is in

Ormoc. There are several stores in Gaisano malls where you can buy clothes, home

appliances and shoes. It also has a supermarket where you can buy food items. It also has a

large food court where you can eat

A shopping mall, shopping centre, shopping arcade, shopping precinct or simply mall is one or more buildings forming a complex ofshops representing merchandisers, with interconnecting walkways enabling visitors to easily walk from unit to unit, along with a parking area a modern, indoor version of the traditional marketplace.

Modern "car-friendly" strip malls developed from the 1920s, and shopping malls corresponded with the rise of suburban living in many parts of the Western World, especially the United States, after World War II. From early on, the design tended to be inward-facing, with malls following theories of how customers could best be enticed in a controlled environment. Similar, the concept of a mall having one or more "anchor" or "big box" stores was pioneered early, with individual stores or smaller-scale chain stores intended to benefit from the shoppers attracted by the big stores.

Regional differences

In most of the places the term shopping centre is used, especially in Europe, Australia and South America; however shopping mall is also used, predominantly in North America [2] and the Philippines. Outside of North America, shopping precinct and shopping arcade are also used. In North America, the term shopping mall is usually applied to enclosed retail structures (and is generally abbreviated to simply mall), while shopping center usually refers to open-air retail complexes; both types of facilities usually have large parking lots, face major traffic arterials and have few pedestrian connections to surrounding neighborhoods. [2]

Shopping arcade in <a href=Tokyo , Japan " id="pdf-obj-2-43" src="pdf-obj-2-43.jpg">
Shopping arcade in <a href=Tokyo , Japan " id="pdf-obj-2-46" src="pdf-obj-2-46.jpg">

Shopping arcade in Tokyo, Japan


Shopping centres in the United Kingdom can be referred to as "shopping centres", "shopping precincts", or "town centres". The standard British pronunciation of the word "mall" rhymes with "pal", as in "The Mall, London" the tree-lined avenue leading to Buckingham Palace,London. Mall can refer to either a shopping mall a place where a collection of shops all adjoin a pedestrian area or an exclusively pedestrianised street that allows shoppers to walk without interference from vehicle traffic. Mall is generally used in North America to refer to a large shopping area usually composed of a single building which contains multiple shops, usually "anchored" by one or more department stores surrounded by a parking lot, while the term arcade is more often used, especially in Britain, to refer to a narrow pedestrian-only street, often covered or between closely spaced buildings (see town centre). A larger, often partly covered and exclusively pedestrian shopping area is in Britain also termed a shopping centre, shopping precinct, or pedestrian precinct.

The majority of British shopping centres are located in city centres, usually found in old and historic shopping districts and surrounded by subsidiary open air shopping streets. Large examples include West Quay in Southampton, Manchester Arndale, Bullring Birmingham,Liverpool One, Buchanan Galleries in Glasgow and Eldon Square in Newcastle upon Tyne. In addition to the inner city shopping centres, large UK conurbations will also have large out-of-town "regional malls" such as Meadowhall, Sheffield serving South Yorkshire, the Trafford Centre inGreater Manchester and Bluewater in Kent. These centres which were built in the 1980s and 1990s, but planning regulations prohibit the construction of any more. Out-of-town shopping developments in the UK are now focused on retail parks, which consist of groups of warehouse style shops with

individual entrances from outdoors. Planning policy prioritizes the development of existing town centres, although with patchy success. The MetroCentre, in Gateshead (near Newcastle upon Tyne), is the largest shopping centre in Europe with over 330 shops, 50 restaurants and an 11 screen cinema and Westfield London is the largest inner-city shopping centre in Europe. Bullring, Birmingham is the busiest shopping centre in the UK welcoming over 36.5 million shoppers in its opening year. [3]

<a href=Cabot Circus in Bristol city centre , England " id="pdf-obj-3-16" src="pdf-obj-3-16.jpg">

In Hong Kong, the term "shopping centre" is the most frequently used, and the name of a shopping centre in Hong Kong usually contains the word "centre" or "plaza". The same is true for Portuguese- speaking Brazil, though with American spelling "shopping center"


Food court

Main article: Food court

A common feature of shopping malls is a food court: this typically consists of a number of fast food vendors of various types, surrounding a shared seating area.

Department stores

When the shopping mall format was developed by Victor Gruen in the mid-1950s, signing larger department stores was necessary for the financial stability of the projects, and to draw retail traffic that would result in visits to the smaller stores in the mall as well. These larger stores are termed anchor store or draw tenant. In physical configuration, anchor stores are normally located as far from each other as possible to maximize the amount of traffic from one anchor to another. [citation

Stand-alone stores

Frequently, a shopping mall or shopping center will have satellite buildings located either on the same tract of land or on one abutting it, on which will be located stand-alone stores, which may or may not be legally connected to the central facility through contract or ownership. These stores may have their own parking lots, or their lots may interconnect with those of the mall or center. The existence of the stand-alone store may have been planned by the mall's developer, or may have come about through opportunistic actions by others, but visually the central facility the mall or shopping center and the satellite buildings will often be perceived as being a single "unit", even in circumstances where the outlying buildings are not officially or legally connected to the mall in any way.


Numerous covered shopping arcades, such as the 19th-century Al-Hamidiyah Souq in Damascus, Syria, can be considered precursors to the present-day shopping mall. [4] Isfahan's Grand Bazaar, which is largely covered, dates from the 10th century. The 10 kilometer long coveredTehran's Grand Bazaar also has a long history. The Grand Bazaar of Istanbul was built in the 15th century and is still one of the largest covered markets in the world, with more than 58 streets and 4,000 shops.

Gostiny Dvor in St. Petersburg, which opened in 1785, may be regarded as one of the first purposely-built mall-type shopping complexes, as it consisted of more than 100 shops covering an area of over 53,000 m 2 (570,000 sq ft).

The Oxford Covered Market in Oxford, England opened in 1774 and still runs today.

The Burlington Arcade in London was opened in 1819. The Arcade in Providence, Rhode Island introduced the retail arcade concept to the United States in 1828. This was a forerunner of today's shopping mall [5] The Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II in Milan, Italy followed in the 1870s and is closer to large modern malls in spaciousness. Other large cities created arcades and shopping centres in the late 19th century and early 20th century, including the Cleveland Arcade, Dayton Arcade and Moscow's GUM, which opened in 1890. Early shopping centers designed for the automobile include Market Square, Lake Forest, Illinois (1916) and Country Club Plaza, Kansas City, Missouri (1924).

An early indoor mall prototype in the United States was the Lake View Store at Morgan Park, Duluth, Minnesota, which was built in 1915 and held its grand opening on July 20, 1916. The architect was Dean and Dean from Chicago and the building contractor was George H. Lounsberry from Duluth. The building is two stories with a full basement, and shops were originally located on all three levels. All of the stores were located within the interior of the mall; some shops were accessible from inside and out.

In the mid-20th century, with the rise of the suburb and automobile culture in the United States, a new style of shopping centre was created away from downtown.

The "Sevens" shopping mall inDüsseldorf, Germany.

[edit]Early examples

The Cleveland Arcade was among the first indoor shopping arcades in the US and an architectural triumph. When the building opened in 1890, two sides of the arcade had 1,600 panes of glass set in iron framing and is a prime example of Victorian architecture.

The early shopping center in the United States took shape at the Grandview Avenue Shopping Center (the "Bank Block") in Grandview Heights, Ohio in 1928, the first regional shopping center in America that integrated parking into the design. This general plan by Don Monroe Casto Sr.became the prototype of shopping centers for several decades. [7] Other important shopping centers built in

The suburban shopping center concept evolved further in the United States after World War II. Bellevue Shopping Square (now known asBellevue Square) opened in 1946 in Bellevue, Washington, a suburb of Seattle. Then came the Broadway-Crenshaw Center (known today asBaldwin Hills Crenshaw Plaza), which was dedicated, in Los Angeles, in 1947. Two more suburban shopping centers were completed in 1949. Town and Country Drive-In Shopping Center (Town and Country Shopping Center), in Whitehall, Ohio was a strip-type complex erected in the environs of Columbus, Ohio. Park Forest, Illinois' Park Forest Plaza (Park Forest Downtown) was built along the lines of a cluster-type complex. It was situated in the southern suburbs of Chicago, Illinois.

The suburban shopping mall, as Americans came to know it, came into being with the opening of Seattle's Northgate Center (presently known as Northgate Mall) in April 1950. This was followed by Lakewood Center (1951), in Lakewood, California, Shoppers' World (1951), inFramingham, Massachusetts, Stonestown Center (now Stonestown Galleria) (1952) in San Francisco, California and Northland Center (1954), in Southfield, Michigan. Open-air-type malls were also built in Canada and Australia. Don Mills Convenience Centre (now Shops at Don Mills) opened in 1955, in Toronto, Ontario. Chermside Drive-In Shopping Centre, started trading to the public in 1957, in Brisbane, Australia.

The fully enclosed shopping mall did not appear until the mid-1950s. The idea of a regional-sized, fully enclosed shopping complex was pioneered in 1956 by the Austrian-born architect and American immigrant Victor Gruen. [8] This new generation of regional-sized shopping centers began with the Gruen-designed Southdale Center, which opened in the Twin Citiessuburb of Edina, Minnesota, USA in October 1956. For pioneering the soon-to-be enormously popular mall concept in this form, Gruen has been called the "most influential architect of the twentieth century" by Malcolm Gladwell. [9]

The first retail complex to be promoted as a "mall" was Paramus, New Jersey's Bergen Mall. The center, which opened with an open-air-format in 1957, was enclosed in 1973. Aside fromSouthdale Center, significant early enclosed shopping malls were Harundale Mall (1958), in Glen Burnie, Maryland, Big Town Mall (1959), in Mesquite, Texas, Chris-Town Mall (1961), in Phoenix, Arizona, and Randhurst Center (1962), in Mount Prospect, Illinois.

The first fully enclosed shopping mall in Canada was Wellington Square. It was designed for Eaton's by John Graham Jr. as an enclosed mall with a department store anchor and subterranean parking. [10] It opened in downtown London, Ontario, on August 11, 1960. After several renovations, it remains open today as Citi Plaza. [10]

Other early malls moved retailing away from the dense, commercial downtowns into the largely residential suburbs. This formula (enclosed space with stores attached, away from downtown, and accessible only by automobile) became a popular way to build retail across the world. Gruen himself

came to abhor this effect of his new design; he decried the creation of enormous "land wasting seas of parking" and the spread of suburban sprawl. [1][11]

In the UK, Chrisp Street Market was the first pedestrian shopping area built with a road at the shop fronts. The first mall-type shopping precinct in Great Britain was built in the downtown area of Birmingham. Known as Bull Ring Centre (now Bull Ring Birmingham), it was officially dedicated in May 1964. This was followed by Brent Cross Centre, Britain's first out-of-town shopping mall, which was dedicated, on the northern outskirts of London, in March 1976.

In the United States, developers such as A. Alfred Taubman of Taubman Centers extended the concept further, with terrazzo tiles at the Mall at Short Hills in New Jersey, indoor fountains, and two levels allowing a shopper to make a circuit of all the stores. [12] Taubman believed carpeting increased friction, slowing down customers, so it was removed. [12] Fading daylight through glass panels was supplemented by gradually increased electric lighting, making it seem like the afternoon was lasting longer, which encouraged shoppers to linger. [13][14]

Ala Moana Center in Honolulu, Hawaii is currently the largest open-air mall in the world and was one of the largest malls in the United States when it opened for business in August 1959. It is currently the sixteenth largest in the country. The Outlets at Bergen Town Center, the oldest enclosed mall in New Jersey, opened in Paramus on November 14, 1957, with Dave Garroway, host of The Today Show, serving as master of ceremonies. [15] The mall, located just outside New York City, was planned in 1955 by Allied Stores to have 100 stores and 8,600 parking spaces in a 1,500,000 sq ft (140,000 m 2 ) mall that would include a 300,000 sq ft (28,000 m 2 ) Stern's store and two other 150,000 sq ft (14,000 m 2 ) department stores as part of the design. Allied's chairman B. Earl Puckett confidently announced The Outlets at Bergen Town Center as the largest of ten proposed centers, stating that there were 25 cities that could support such centers and that no more than 50 malls of this type would ever be built nationwide.

THREE of the world's 10 largest shopping malls are now in the Philippines.

The great malls of China - South China Mall in Dongguan and the Golden Resources Shopping Mall in Beijing are the two biggest.

But coming in a respectable third place, thanks to a 90,000 square metre extension that opened this month, is the SM City North Edsa in the Philippine capital.

A visit to a mall - and I'll say right off that I would not recommend SM City North Edsa - is a must on a trip to Manila, along with the old Spanish walled city of Intramuros and a baywalk stroll at sunset.

The country's jumbo-size mall chains - SM and Robinsons - were founded by Filipino- Chinese taipans: SM by Henry Sy; Robinson's by John Gokongwei. Both are living legends here, who helped shaped this country's vibrant retailing landscape.

The big malls typically have vast food courts; exhibition centres; multiplex cinemas, some with as many as 12 screens; amusement arcades; skating rinks or bowling alleys; health

and wellness centres; and, of course, floors of shops from local retailers to famous international names like Marks & Spencer and Ralph Lauren.

On Sundays, Catholic masses in this predominantly Christian country are held in the walkways, where shoppers squeeze past worshippers.

Inside the box, there is not a lot of difference between the two chains: The SMs malls have a shaper look; Robinsons a cosier atmosphere.

Manila's first malls were built back in the 1970s. Rising disposable incomes among the middle-classes spurred a mall boom in Manila (population:12 million) over the past two decades. That malls are now springing up at a rapid rate in the larger provincial towns is an encouraging sign of how the economy is faring, despite the current gloom.

It is unlikely that malls would play such an important part in the lives of ordinary Filipinos - both for shopping and killing time - had it not been for the billions of dollars sent home by the several million Filipinos living and working overseas.

This year, their remittances, despite the global financial meltdown since the fourth quarter, is expected to exceed a record US$15 billion. That's about a tenth of the country's entire gross domestic product to put in perspective.

The hard-earned dollars of Filipinos working as house helpers in Singapore, English- language teachers in Thailand and nurses and searfares in scores of countries are not, of course, being merrily blown in the malls by their loved ones.

The bulk of the money goes on household expenses and the education. All the same, a tidy sum, nobody knows for sure how much, is keeping the tills ringing in the malls and providing a powerful incentive to build new ones.

To be sure, consumer spending has largely underpinned a long run of growth in the economy, which expanded an eye-catching 7.2 per cent in 2007, its best performance in three decades. Growth is expected to fall sharply this year and next because of the global financial crisis. Still, economists, as things stand, aren't predicting a recession.

Despite the hard times, SM City North Edsa's six-storey The Annex got off to a respectable start a few weeks ago, with tenants singing up for 70 per cent of the leasable space. The extension is expected to provide employment to nearly 3,000 workers.

The steel-and-glass dome-fronted complex faces a busy intersection on the Edsa highway in Quezon City, the biggest of 16 cities that make up Metropolitan Manila.

For visitors, its location and the motor madness of Edsa keeps it off my mall picks, which I list below, along with the world's 10 largest malls.

Not all of Manila's malls are large, shiny complexes like the SMs. Many of the older ones have seen better days and know it; their air conditioners and escalators are often turned off to save money. The tattiest ones often sell bootleg items.

I'd be suprised if another mega-sized mall was built in Manila the medium-term. But the city is likely to see more smaller, boutique malls aimed at well-heeled shoppers, like the Power Plant Mall in the Rockwell Center in the financial district of Makati and The Podium next to the ADB in Ortigas.

Here are the world's 10 biggest malls by interior floor space for leasing:

  • - South China Mall , Dongguan, China - 660,000 sq-m

  • - Golden Resources Shopping Mall, Beijing, China - 560,000 sq-m

  • - SM City Edsa North, Manila, Philippines - 425,000 sq-m

  • - Mall of Asia, Manila, Philippines - 386,000 sq-m

  • - Dubai Mall, Dubai, United Arab Emirates - 350,000 sq-m

  • - West Edmonton Mall, Alberta, Canada - 350,000 sq-m

  • - Cevahir Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey - 348,000 sq-m

  • - SM Megamall, Manila, Philippines - 332,000 sq-m

  • - Berjaya Times Square, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia - 320,000 sq-m

  • - Beijing Mall, Beijing, China - 320,000 sq-m