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R.A. 386

Toda is Wednesda , December 28, 2011 Search

REPUBLIC ACT NO. 386 AN ACT TO ORDAIN AND INSTITUTE THE CIVIL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES PRELIMINARY TITLE CHAPTER 1 Effect and Application of La s Article 1. T Article 2. L G , Article 3. I Article 4. L Article 5. A . (4 ) Article 6. R , Article 7. L , W . A C Article 8. J P Article 9. N . (6) Article 10. I .( ) Article 11. C Article 12. A Article 13. W I . I Article 14. P P Article 15. L P Article 16. R
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CHAPTER 2 H man Rela ion (n) A icle 19. E , A icle 20. E . A icle 21. A . A icle 22. E A icle 23. E , A icle 24. I , . A icle 25. T . A icle 26. E .T , (1) P (2) M (3) I (4) V , A icle 27. A , . A icle 28. U , A icle 29. W
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The i de

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be adj dica ed. hi ac i i c i e a i ai

The e ibi i he ei e f h i f he Pe a C de he e a a

de a dab e f e.

A icle 33. I ca e f defa a i , f a d, a d h ica i j ie a ci i ac i f da age , e i e e aaea d di i c f he c i i a ac i , a be b gh b he i j ed a . S ch ci i ac i ha ceed i de e de f he c i i a ec i , a d ha e i e a e de a ce f e ide ce. A icle 34. Whe a e be f a ci e i ca e f da ge ife ici a i ha be b idia i e a ci i a ceedi g , a d a e A icle 35. Whe i de e de ea ab e g i i e ci i a S ch ci i ac i e i e he ai a ici . ici a ice f ce ef e fai e de aid ec i a , ch eace ffice ha be i a i iab e f da age , a d he ci ib e he ef . The ci i ac i he ei ec g i ed ha be i de e de f de a ce f e ide ce ha ffice ch ac i . e

a e , c ai i g be i j ed b a c i i a ffe e, cha ge a he i h he a e, f hich ci i ac i i g a ed i hi C de a ecia a , b he j ice f he eace fi d d be ie e ha a c i e ha bee c i ed, he ec i g a e ef e fai ceedi g , he c ai a b i g a ci i ac i f da age agai he a eged ffe de . a be ed b a e de a ce f e ide ce. U he defe da ' i , he c a iff fi e a b d i de if he defe da i ca e he c ai h d be f d be ,a i f ai h d be e e ed b i ai f he c i i a ceedi g . be decided bef e a c i i a hich he S e e C ha he ec i g a e , he ci i a be i

If d i g he e de c f he ci i ac i ac i ha be e ded i he e

A icle 36. P e-j dicia e i , hich ceed, ha be g e ed b e fc c f ic i h he i i f hi C de.

ec i a be i i ed ga e a d hich ha

See THE FAMILY CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES, As Amended E ecutive Order

209
THE CHILD AND YOUTH WELFARE CODE, As Amended Presidential

Decree No. 603

BOOK I PERSONS TITLE I CIVIL PERSONALITY CHAPTER 1 Gene al P o i ion A icle 37. J idica ca aci , hich i he fi e e a di h gh dea h. Ca aci a d a be .( ) be he bjec f ega e a i , i i he e i e e a a ac , hich i he e d ac i h ega effec , i ac i ed

A icle 38. Mi i , i a i i beci i , he a e f bei g a deafe, diga i a d ci i i e dic i a e e e e ic i ca aci ac , a d d e e he i ca aci a ed e f ce ai b iga i ,a he he a e ai ef hi ac f e ea i , ch a ea e e . (32a) A icle 39. The f i g ci c a ce , a g he , dif i i ca aci ac : age, i a i , i beci i , he a e f bei g a deafe, e a , diga i , fa i e a i , a ie age, ab e ce, i e c a d ee hi . The c e e ce f he e ci c a ce a e g e ed i hi C de, he c de , he R e f C ,a d i ecia a . Ca aci ac i i i ed acc f e igi be ief i ica i i . A a ied a .( ) a , e e ea f age e,i a ified f a ac f ci i ife, e ce i ca e ecified b

CHAPTER 2 Na al Pe on
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A icle 40. B , A icle 41. F ' A icle 42. C T (32 ) A icle 43. I , , . (33) , . H , ,

; . (29 ) . (30 ) . , , , ; . ,

J A icle 44. T (1) T (2) O (3) C A icle 45. J . P P . (36 A icle 46. J , A icle 47. U N .2 .I , 37 ) , , N .1 S , : ;

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TITLE II CITIZENSHIP AND DOMECILE A icle 48. T (1) T P (2) T (3) T (4) T P (5) T
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TITLE III MARRIAGE

Re A icle 52. M

CHAPTER 1 i i e of Ma iage . I , .( ) ,

A icle 53. N (1) L (2) T (3) A (4) A A icle 54. A , A icle 55. N , , , . I , . (3) A icle 56. M (1) T (2) T (3) J (4) M (5) M (6) P (7) S A icle 57. T , 76
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i a ic e 76 he e f he a e he g a dia f he fe a e he a e he e f if e eigh ee ea f age e e i i i i g, i hich ca e he a iage a be e i ed a a h e ace de ig a ed b aid ae g a dia f he fe a e b he a e he e f i a ae e ha effec . (5a) Ar icle 58. Sa e a iage f a e ce i a cha ac e a h i ed i Cha e 2 f hi Ti e, b h e de a ic e 75, a iage ha be e i ed i h a ice e fi bei g i ed b he ca ci i egi a f he ici a i he e ei he c ac i g a habi a e ide . (7a) Ar icle 59. The ca ci i egi e a a e bef e hi bef e e i g f h ha ch a ha ae g a dia ha be he ec i g f he a iage ice (1) F a e f he c a a i e he e ice e if each f b ic fficia a h i ed ad i i e a he ece a a ifica i f c ac i g e i ed e hibi hei e ide ce ce ifica e i e. S ch a ica i ha i fa a ib e c ; ha he h , a a ai ac i g a ie ea a a ica i i ii g iage. The a ica , hei f ai i c ec i ih he f i g da a: c

R.A. 386

ac i g a

(2) P ace f bi h; (3) Age, da e f bi h; (4) Ci i (5) If di (6) P e e a ( i g e, id a d he he id e, e i di ced); ed;

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(7) Deg ee f e a i (8) F

a e f he fa he ;

(9) Re ide ce f he fa he ; (10) F a e f he he ; he ; e e ha i g cha ge, i ca e he c ea , if a a e, eigh ee ea ac i g a ha if a fe a e. (7a)

(11) Re ide ce f he

(12) F a e a d e ide ce f he g a dia ei he fa he he a d i de he age f Ar icle ba i ha i g eed e

60. The ca ci i egi a , ecei i g ch a ica i , ha e i e he e hibi i f he igi a a bi h ce ifica e f he c ac i g a ie c ie f ch d c e d a e ed b he e c d f he igi a . The e ce ifica e ce ified c ie f he d c e e i ed b hi a ic e be a d ha be e e f he d c e a a a . The ig a e a d fficia i e f he i i g he ce ifica e ha be fficie f f i a he ici .

If ei he f he c ac i g a ie i ab e d ce hi ba i a bi h ce ifica e a ce ified c f ei he beca e f he de ci f he igi a , if i i h b a affida i f ch a fa he e ha ch ba i a bi h ce ifica e ha e bee ecei ed h gh he a e ha bee e e ed f he e ha i g c d he e f a ea fif ee da i he da e f he a ica i , ch a a f i h i ie he e f hi e ide ce ce ifica e f he c e ea a e i ea , h he age a ed i hi a ica i , i he ab e ce he e f, a i e da a d bef e he ca ci i egi a c ce ed a b ic fficia a h i ed e i e a iage. S ch i e ha c ai he dec a a i f i e e , f a f age, f ei he e , e i g f h he f a e, fe i , a d e ide ce f ch c ac i g a a d f hi he a e , if , a d he ace a d da e f bi h f ch a . The ea e f i f he c ac i g a ie ha be efe ed a i e e , a d i hei defa , e e i he i ce he ca i f hei h e a d g d e e. The e hibi i f ba i a bi h ce ifica e e a bef e he ca ci i egi a c ce a a ed i he a ica i , he he ca e a a ea i g bef e hi , be c i ced Ar icle 61. I ca e ei he f he c ha be e i ed if he a e f he c ac i g a ie a ea ed a d ea he c ec e f he a f age f aid a ie , ci i egi a ha , b ee i g a he a ica hei ha ei he b h f he ha e he e i ed age. (8a) id ed di ced e , he a e ha be e i ed

ac i g a ie i a

f i h, i ead f he ba i a bi h ce ifica e e i ed i he a ecedi g a ic e, he dea h ce ifica e f he decea ed e he dec ee f he di ce c , a he ca e a be. I ca e he dea h ce ifica e ca be f d, he a ha a e a affida i e i g f h hi ci c a ce a d hi he ac a ci i a a d he a e a d he da e f he dea h f he decea ed e.
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I , , , . (9 ) Ar icle 62. M , , ,

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.

T . (17 ) Article 70. T .H , (18 ) Article 71. A , , P , P , . (19 ) , , .

CHAPTER 2 Marriages of E ceptional Character Article 72. I , ; , .T . (20) Article 73. T , , , 65. (21) Article 74. A , .( ) Article 75. M R P F .T Article 76. N , .T .T , .( ) Article 77. I , , C . (23) , 1 M , .N H , S , -C Article 79. M T .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html . (25 ) C M ,
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Article 78. M

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T M . (26) C , , ,

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CHAPTER 3 Void and Voidable Ma iage A icle 80. T (1) T ; (2) T (3) T (4) B (5) I (6) T ; (7) T A icle 81. M : (1) B (2) B (3) B A icle 82. T (1) B (2) B , (3) B A icle 83. A , (1) T (2) T , , , 390 A icle 84. N , A icle 85. A (1) T , , (2) I 83, 2, , , , ;
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(2) I (3) T ; (4) T , ; (5) T , ; (6) T Ar icle 86. A : (1) M (2) N (3) C . N Ar icle 87. T : (1) F , ; (2) F ; (3) F ' ; (4) F ; (5) F ; (6) F Ar icle 88. N . I Ar icle 89. C , 6, 5, 4, ; 3 2 1 , ,

R.A. 386

83,

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Article 91. D : (1) I (2) I (3) I , (4) I ; (5) I 82, ; (6) I .( ) , , ; , ; , , , ; ,

CHAPTER 4 Authorit to Solemni e Marriages Article 92. E , , , .T , P , .N Article 93. F .C Article 94. T , , .( ) , , , , , , Article 95. T D , T Article 96. T , .( ) .S . (36 ) , , , , . (35 ) , , . T , , , , , , .S , , , . (34 ) , , , , , , , , , , ,

TITLE IV LEGAL SEPARATION Article 97. A (1) F P C (2) A Article 98. I ,
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, Ar icle 99. N R . (S .2 ,A , N . 2710).

R.A. 386

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Ar icle 100. T .W . (3 , A Ar icle 101. N . I S Ar icle 102. A . (4 , A Ar icle 103. A . (5 , A Ar icle 104. A . T , . (6, A Ar icle 105. D ; C , Ar icle 106. T (1) T ; (2) T , , (3) T , (4) T .M Ar icle 107. T , .( ) , .A R T Ar icle 108. R . T 195. (10 . A 2710) P . .( ) 176; ; C , . (7 , A 2710) 2710) , 2710) .I , , .( ) . C N . 2710)

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TITLE V RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS BETWEEN HUSBAND AND WIFE Ar icle 109. T . (56 ) Ar icle 110. T Ar icle 111. T , . I Ar icle 112. T . S C Ar icle 113. T (1) W (2) I (3) W (4) I 196 (5) W (6) I (7) W (8) I (9) I (10) I I 163 Ar icle 114. T , Ar icle 115. T , . T , . (62 ) Ar icle 116. W , T ( ) Ar icle 117. T , (1) H (2) H I . I .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html , , .H : , . , ,
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be con l ed. If no ag eemen i in e e of he famil . (n)

ill a i ed a , he co

ill decide

ha e e ma be p ope and in he be

TITLE VI PROPERTY RELATIONS BETWEEN HUSBAND AND WIFE

CHAPTER 1 General Provisions Article 118. The p ope ela ion be een h band and ife hall be go e ned in he follo ing o de :

(1) B con ac e ec ed befo e he ma iage; (2) B he p o i ion of hi Code; and om. (1315a)

(3) B c

Article 119. The f e po e ma in he ma iage e lemen ag ee pon ab ol e o ela i e comm ni of p ope , o pon comple e epa a ion of p ope , o pon an o he egime. In he ab ence of ma iage e lemen , o hen he ame a e oid, he em of ela i e comm ni o conj gal pa ne hip of gain a e abli hed in hi Code, hall go e n he p ope ela ion be een h band and ife. (n) Article 120. A mino ho acco ding o la ma con ac ma iage, ma al o e ec e hi o he ma iage e lemen ; b he hall be alid onl if he pe on de igna ed b la o gi e con en o he ma iage of he mino ake pa in he an e-n p ial ag eemen . In he ab ence of he pa en o of a g a dian, he con en o he ma iage e lemen ill be gi en b he famil co ncil. (1318a) Article 121. In o de ha an modifica ion in he ma iage e lemen ma be alid, i m celeb a ion of he ma iage, bjec o he p o i ion of A . 191. (1319a) be made befo e he

Article 122. The ma iage e lemen and an modifica ion he eof hall be go e ned b he S a e of F a d , and e ec ed befo e he celeb a ion of he ma iage. The hall no p ej dice hi d pe on nle he a e eco ded in he Regi of P ope . (1321a) Article 123. Fo he alidi of ma iage e lemen e ec ed b an pe on pon hom a en ence of ci il in e dic ion ha been p ono nced, he p e ence and pa icipa ion of he g a dian hall be indi pen able, ho fo hi p po e hall be de igna ed b a compe en co , in acco dance i h he p o i ion of he R le of Co . (1323a) Article 124. If he ma iage i be een a ci i en of he Philippine and a fo eigne , Philippine o ab oad, he follo ing le hall p e ail: (1) If he h band i a ci i en of he Philippine go e n hei ela ion ; he he celeb a ed in he

hile he ife i a fo eigne , he p o i ion of hi Code hall

(2) If he h band i a fo eigne and he ife i a ci i en of he Philippine , he la of he h band' co n hall be follo ed, i ho p ej dice o he p o i ion of hi Code i h ega d o immo able p ope . (1325a) Article 125. E e hing ip la ed in he e lemen o con ac efe ed o in he p eceding a icle in con ide a ion of a f e ma iage hall be ende ed oid and i ho effec ha e e , if he ma iage ho ld no ake place. Ho e e , ho e ip la ion ha do no depend pon he celeb a ion of he ma iage hall be alid. (1326a)

CHAPTER 2 Donations b Reason of Marriage Article 126. Dona ion b ea on of ma iage a e ho e hich a e made befo e i of he ame and in fa o of one o bo h of he f e po e . (1327) celeb a ion, in con ide a ion

Article 127. The e dona ion a e go e ned b he le on o dina dona ion e abli hed in Ti le III of Book III, e cep a o hei fo m hich hall be eg la ed b he S a e of F a d ; and in ofa a he a e no modified b he follo ing a icle . (1328a) .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

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. (1328 ) Article 128. M Article 129. E Article 130. T , C Article 131. T , . (1332 ) Article 132. A (1) I (2) I (3) W (4) W (5) U (6) W . (1333 ) Article 133. E . N . (1334 ) Article 134. D , , ' . (1335 ) . T , , ; C ; ; , ; , ; : , , . (1331 ) , , . (1329 ) . (1330) -

CHAPTER 3 Paraphernal Propert Article 135. A , Article 136. T Article 137. T . I , . (1384 ) Article 138. T . T ' Article 139. T , Article 140. A ,
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CHAPTER 4 Conjugal Partnership of Gains

SECTION 1 General Provisions Article 142. B , , . (1392 ) Article 143. A Article 144. W , Article 145. T A Article 146. W . W , (1394 ) Article 147. T C . (1395) , 1052 , . . (1393) .( ) . , , .( ) ,

SECTION 2 E clusive Propert of Each Spouse Article 148. T (1) T (2) T (3) T ; (4) T Article 149. W . (1397) Article 150. P , , 753. (1398 ) Article 151. I ' Article 152. I , , , 156 157 . (1400 )
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SECTION 3 Conjugal Partnership Propert Article 153. T (1) T , (2) T (3) T Article 154. T .( ) Article 155. T .( ) Article 156. W , . (1402) Article 157. T , , . T . (1403 ) Article 158. I . B , . (1404 ) Article 159. W , . (1405 ) Article 160. A . (1407) , , , ' , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . (1401) , , , ; , ; : ,

,

SECTION 4 Charges Upon and Obligation of the Conjugal Partnership Article 161. T (1) A , ; (2) A (3) M ; (4) M (5) T
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(5) T (6) E A icle 162. T , , A icle 163. T . N H , , 161 ; A icle 164. W , (1411 ) , , . (1409)

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Admini A icle 165. T A icle 166. U , ' . T (1413 ) A icle 167. I , .( ) A icle 168. T A icle 169. T ' A icle 170. T (1414 ) A icle 171. T 161 162. (1415 ) A icle 172. T . (1416 ) A icle 173. T , . S , A icle 174. W , , .( ) , .I

SECTION 5 a ion of he Conj gal Pa ne

hip

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Di A icle 175. T (1) U (2) W (3) W (4) I A icle 176. I , .H . I A icle 177. I ( ) A icle 178. T , (1) T ; (2) W ; (3) I , .( ) : , , ;

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191. (1417 ) , , , , .( ) , .T , , , , , , . ,

Li A icle 179. U : (1) I , ; (2) W A icle 180. T , A icle 181. T A icle 182. T A icle 183. T , A icle 184. T , T ,
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ida i

SECTION 7 f he C j gal Pa , ,

e

hi ,

. (1418 ) .T , , . (1422 ) , . (1423 ) . (1424) , , , .H . (1425 )
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Article 185. T , . (1426 ) Article 186. T (1427 ) Article 187. W , Article 188. F ; . (1430) Article 189. W , ; . (1431) , , C . (1428 ) , R C .

CHAPTER 5 Separation of Propert of the Spouses and Administration of Propert b the Wife During the Marriage Article 190. I Article 191. T , I 167 I . (1433 ) T .A , . A C Article 192. O , 498 , C H , , . T R C . (1434 ) , , Article 194. T Article 195. T (1) U
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, . (1432 ) , , . , , 178, N . 3. ,

, , , , .U

214 501

215

.T . (1433 ) , .

292, ;

Article 193. T

. (1437) . (1438) : , ;
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(2) W (3) W (4) W ; (5) W I , T T I (1439 ) Article 196. W : (1) W (2) W (3) I T , Article 197. T , , , . , , , , ;

;

,

,

. .

, R P . , . , ; ; . , , . (1441 ) , , . (1442 ) , ,

CHAPTER 6 S stem of Absolute Communit Article 198. I , . Article 199. I . Article 200. N , Article 201. T (1) P ; (2) P ; (3) A ; (4) P H , . .
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R.A. 386

Article 202. A . Article 203. D .I , Article 204. D . Article 205. I , Article 206. T .I Article 207. N , Article 208. T Article 209. W 178 Article 210. U . I 176 Article 211. L . 177 R C , . , , , , . . . ,

,

-

.I . 175. ,

, .

CHAPTER 7 S stem of Complete Separation of Propert Article 212. S , . I Article 214. E . A . Article 215. E . , . ARTICLE 213. S . I . , , , , ,

TITLE VII THE FAMILY( )

CHAPTER 1 The Famil as an Institution Article 216. T Article 217. F (1) B (2) B (3) A
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. : ; ; ;
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(4) Among b o he

and i e . om, p ac ice o ag eemen hich i de c i e of he famil

Article 218. The la go e n famil ela ion . No c hall be ecogni ed o gi en an effec .

Article 219. M al aid, bo h mo al and ma e ial, hall be ende ed among membe and admini a i e official hall fo e hi m al a i ance.

of he ame famil . J dicial

Article 220. In ca e of do b , all p e mp ion fa o he olida i of he famil . Th , e e in endmen of la o fac lean o a d he alidi of ma iage, he indi ol bili of he ma iage bond , he legi imac of child en, he comm ni of p ope d ing ma iage, he a ho i of pa en o e hei child en, and he alidi of defen e fo an membe of he famil in ca e of nla f l agg e ion. Article 221. The follo ing hall be oid and of no effec : (1) An con ac fo pe onal epa a ion be een h band and ife;

(2) E e e a-j dicial ag eemen , d ing ma iage, fo he di ol ion of he conj gal pa ne hip of gain o of he ab ol e comm ni of p ope be een h band and ife; (3) E e (4) An coll ion o ob ain a dec ee of legal epa a ion, o of ann lmen of ma iage; i h in en o dep i e he comp l o hei of hei legi ime.

im la ed aliena ion of p ope

Article 222. No i hall be filed o main ained be een membe of he ame famil nle i ho ld appea ha ea ne effo o a d a comp omi e ha e been made, b ha he ame ha e failed, bjec o he limi a ion in a icle 2035.

CHAPTER 2 The Famil Home (n)

SECTION 1 General Provisions Article 223. The famil home i he d elling ho e he e a pe on and hi famil e ide, and he land on hich i i i a ed. If con i ed a he ein p o ided, he famil home hall be e emp f om e ec ion, fo ced ale o a achmen , e cep a p o ided in a icle 232 and 243. Article 224. The famil home ma be e abli hed j diciall o e aj diciall .

SECTION 2 Judicial Constitution of the Famil Home Article 225. The famil home ma be con i ed b a e ified pe i ion o he Co of he p ope , and b app o al he eof b he co . Article 226. The follo ing hall be beneficia ie of he famil home; (1) The pe on e abli hing he ame; (2) Hi o he po e; he ela ion hip be ppo . of Fi In ance b he o ne

(3) Hi o he pa en , a cendan , de cendan , b o he and i e , he he legi ima e o o he i e, ho a e li ing in he famil home and ho depend pon him fo Article 227. The famil home ma ho ehold. al o be e p b an nma ied pe on ho i

he head of a famil o

Article 228. If he pe i ione i ma ied, he famil home ma be elec ed f om he conj gal pa ne hip o comm ni p ope , o f om he epa a e p ope of he h band, o , i h he con en of he ife, f om he pa aphe nal p ope . Article 229. The pe i ion hall con ain he follo ing pa ic la :
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(1) D (2) A (3) A (4) T (5) T

; ; ; ; ;

(6) T Article 230. C , Article 231. I , .S Article 232. T , (1) F (2) I . I Article 233. T R P Article 234. W , C Article 235. T , .I A .T Article 236. T .T . Article 237. I , Article 238. U .T , Article 239. T .H , . 232 , F I , , , : ; ,

226. . T . , , . , , , , , ,

. . , , . , .H , . . , ,

, . , . , ,

,

SECTION 3 E tra-judicial Creation of the Famil Home
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Article 240. T

R

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Ar icle 240. The famil home ma be e aj diciall con i ed b eco ding in he Regi of P ope a p blic in men he ein a pe on decla e ha he he eb e abli he a famil home o of a d elling place i h he land on hich i i i a ed. Ar icle 241. The decla a ion e ing p he famil home hall be nde oa h and hall con ain: (1) A a emen ha he claiman i ; he o ne of, and i ac all e iding in he p emi e ;

R.A. 386

(2) A de c ip ion of he p ope (3) An e ima e of i

ac al al e; and po e and he o he beneficia ie men ioned in a icle 226. of he decla a ion efe ed o in he o p eceding a icle i

(4) The name of he claiman '

Ar icle 242. The eco ding in he Regi of P ope he ope a i e ac hich c ea e he famil home. Ar icle 243. The famil home e e cep :

aj diciall fo med hall be e emp f om e ec ion, fo ced ale o a achmen ,

(1) Fo nonpa men of a e ; (2) Fo deb (3) Fo deb inc ed befo e he decla a ion a eco ded in he Regi of P ope ;

ec ed b mo gage on he p emi e befo e o af e

ch eco d of he decla a ion; ho ha e ende ed

(4) Fo deb d e o labo e , mechanic , a chi ec , b ilde , ma e ial-men and o he e ice o f ni hed ma e ial fo he p o ec ion of he b ilding. Ar icle 244. The p o i ion e aj diciall e abli hed. of a icle

226 o 228 and 235 o 238 a e like i e applicable o famil home

Ar icle 245. Upon he dea h of he pe on ho ha e aj diciall con i ed he famil home, he p ope hall no be liable fo hi deb o he han ho e men ioned in a icle 243. Ho e e , he ma p o ide in hi ill ha he famil home hall be bjec o pa men of deb no pecified in a icle 243. Ar icle 246. No decla a ion fo he e aj dicial e abli hmen of he famil home hall be eco ded in he Regi of P ope if he e ima ed ac al al e of he b ilding and he land e ceed he amo n a ed in a icle 231. Ar icle 247. When a c edi o ho e claim i no men ioned in a icle 243 ob ain a j dgmen in hi fa o , and he ha ea onable g o nd o belie e ha he famil home of he j dgmen deb o i o h mo e han he amo n men ioned in a icle 231, he ma appl o he Co of Fi In ance fo an o de di ec ing he ale of he p ope nde e ec ion. Ar icle 248. The hea ing on he pe i ion, app ai al of he al e of he famil home, he ale nde e ec ion and o he ma e ela i e o he p oceeding hall be go e ned b ch p o i ion in he R le of Co a he S p eme Co hall p om lga e on he bjec , p o ided he a e no incon i en i h hi Code. Ar icle 249. A he ale nde e ec ion efe ed o in he o p eceding a icle , no bid hall be con ide ed nle i e ceed he amo n pecified in a icle 231. The p oceed of he ale hall be applied in he follo ing o de : (1) To he amo n men ioned in a icle 231; (2) To he j dgmen and he co The e ce , if an , belong . ing he famil home. ho ha e abli hed he famil ion of a ne famil home. The pecified in a icle 243 ma he amo n

o he pe on con i

Ar icle 250. The amo n men ioned in a icle 231 h ecei ed b he pe on home, o a m ch he eof a he co ma de e mine, hall be in e ed in con i co hall ake mea e o enfo ce hi p o i ion.

Ar icle 251. In ca e of in ol enc of he pe on c ea ing he famil home, he claim be a i fied no i h anding he in ol enc p oceeding .

If he a ignee ha ea onable g o nd o belie e ha he ac al al e of he famil home e ceed fi ed in a icle 231, he ma ake ac ion nde he p o i ion of a icle 247, 248 and 249.

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CHAPTER 3 The Famil Council ( ) Article 252. T C , . Article 253. T .B Article 254. T . , , . F I , , , , , , ,

TITLE VIII PATERNITY AND FILIATION

CHAPTER 1 Legitimate Children Article 255. C . A ' . T (1) B (2) B (3) B Article 256. T Article 257. S 255, , F Article 258. A .S (1) I (2) I (3) I Article 259. I , (1) A , : (2) A , .( ) Article 260. I
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,

: ; , . (108 ) , . (109) , , .( ) : , , , . (110 ) , : ; ; . , ' ;

,

,
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Ar icle 260. I , . T , .( ) Ar icle 261. T , .H

R.A. 386

,

,

.W .( ) Ar icle 262. T (1) I (2) I (3) I Ar icle 263. T C I .I . (113 ) Ar icle 264. L (1) T (2) T , (3) T , 291; C : ; , . (114) R , , , , , P ; . , . (112) ; ; :

CHAPTER 2 Proof of Filia ion of Legi ima e Children Ar icle 265. T . (115) Ar icle 266. I . (116) Ar icle 267. I , R Ar icle 268. T .I . T . (118) , , C . (117 ) , , , C R ,

CHAPTER 3 Legi ima ed Children Ar icle 269. O , Ar icle 270. L Ar icle 271. O , .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html , .C , . (120 ) , . (119 )

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, . I :P . (121 ) Ar icle 272. C . (122) Ar icle 273. L Ar icle 274. T . (124) Ar icle 275. L . (128 ) ' ,T ,

,

,

,

. (123 )

, C

CHAPTER 4 Illegi ima e Children

SECTION 1 Recogni ion of Na ral Children Ar icle 276. A Ar icle 277. I , Ar icle 278. R . (131 ) Ar icle 279. A .( ) Ar icle 280. W ; . (132 ) Ar icle 281. A W . A Ar icle 282. A (1) T (2) T (3) T Ar icle 283. I (1) I ; (2) W ;
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, ,

. (129) . (130)

,

,

, ,

,

. , . (133 ) : ; , , , , , , 291; C . (134) :

(3) W

;

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(3) W (4) W Ar icle 284. T (1) I (2) W Ar icle 285. T , (1) I (2) I

R.A. 386

; .( ) : , . (136 ) ;

: , ; .

I

, , . (137)

. (137 ) 269,

Ar icle 286. T

SECTION 2 O her Illegi ima e Children Ar icle 287. I 269 C Ar icle 288. M Ar icle 289. I 283 284. ( ) .( ) .( )

TITLE IX SUPPORT Ar icle 290. S . S , Ar icle 291. T (1) T (2) L (3) P (4) P (5) P B , . T Ar icle 292. D , ,
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,

,

,

,

. (142 ) :

; ; ; ; . , , , . (143 ) , . A .H , ,
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epa a ion, he co ma o de ha he g il pecif ing he e m of ch o de . (n)

R.A. 386

po

e

hall gi e

ppo

o he innocen one, he j dgmen

Ar icle 293. In an ac ion fo legal epa a ion o ann lmen of ma iage, a o ne ' fee and e pen e fo li iga ion hall be cha ged o he conj gal pa ne hip p ope , nle he ac ion fail . (n) Ar icle 294. The claim fo he follo ing o de : (1) F om he po e; of he nea e deg ee; deg ee; ppo , hen p ope and o o mo e pe on a e obliged o gi e i , hall be made in

(2) F om he de cendan

(3) F om he a cendan , al o of he nea e (4) F om he b o he and i e .

Among de cendan and a cendan he o de in hich he a e called o he in e a e ho ha a igh o claim ppo hall be ob e ed. (144)

cce

ion of he pe on

Ar icle 295. When he obliga ion o gi e ppo fall pon o o mo e pe on , he pa men of he ame hall be di ided be een hem in p opo ion o he e o ce of each. Ho e e , in ca e of gen need and b pecial ci c m ance , he j dge ma o de onl one of hem o f ni h he ppo p o i ionall , i ho p ej dice o hi igh o claim f om he o he obligo he ha e d e f om hem. When o o mo e ecipien a i , and he la e ho ld no ha be follo ed, nle he conc hich ca e he la e hall be p he e en efe ame ime claim ppo f om one and he ame pe on legall obliged o gi e fficien mean o a i f all, he o de e abli hed in he p eceding a icle hall obligee ho ld be he po e and a child bjec o pa en al a ho i , in ed. (145) hall be in

Ar icle 296. The amo n of ppo , in he ca e efe ed o in he fi e n mbe of a icle 291, p opo ion o he e o ce o mean of he gi e and o he nece i ie of he ecipien . (146a)

Ar icle 297. S ppo in he ca e efe ed o in he p eceding a icle hall be ed ced o inc ea ed p opo iona el , acco ding o he ed c ion o inc ea e of he need of he ecipien and he e o ce of he pe on obliged o f ni h he ame. (147) ARTICLE 298. The obliga ion o gi e ppo hall be demandable f om he ime he pe on ho ha a igh o ecei e he ame need i fo main enance, b i hall no be paid e cep f om he da e i i e aj diciall demanded. Pa men hall be made mon hl in ad ance, and ha he ha ecei ed in ad ance. (148a) hen he ecipien die , hi hei hall no be obliged o e n

Ar icle 299. The pe on obliged o gi e ppo ma , a hi op ion, f lfill hi obliga ion ei he b allo ance fi ed, o b ecei ing and main aining in hi ho e he pe on ho ha a igh o ecei e la e al e na i e canno be a ailed of in ca e he e i a mo al o legal ob acle he e o. (149a) Ar icle 300. The obliga ion o f ni h ppo cea e gi e i in compliance i h a final j dgmen . (150)

pa ing he ppo . The

pon he dea h of he obligo , e en if he ma be bo nd o

Ar icle 301. The igh o ecei e ppo canno be eno nced; no can i be an mi ed o a hi d pe on. Nei he can i be compen a ed i h ha he ecipien o e he obligo . Ho e e , ppo in a ea ma be compen a ed and eno nced, and he igh an mi ed b one o o g a i o i le. (151) o demand he ame ma be ch ppo o an

Ar icle 302. Nei he he igh o ecei e legal ppo no an mone o p ope ob ained a pen ion o g a i f om he go e nmen i bjec o a achmen o e ec ion. (n) Ar icle 303. The obliga ion o gi e ppo hall al o cea e:

(1) Upon he dea h of he ecipien ; (2) When he e o ce of he obligo ha e been ed ced o he poin i ho neglec ing hi o n need and ho e of hi famil ; he e he canno gi e he ppo

(3) When he ecipien ma engage in a ade, p ofe ion, o ind , o ha ob ained imp o ed hi fo ne in ch a a ha he no longe need he allo ance fo hi b i ence; (4) When he di inhe i ance; ecipien , be he a fo ced hei o no , ha commi ed ome ac

o k, o ha i e o
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hich gi e

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; (5) W Article 304. T , ,

R.A. 386

, , , . (153 ) , ,

. (152 ) C

TITLE X FUNERALS ( ) Article 305. T , , Article 306. E Article 307. T , . Article 308. N 294 Article 309. A , Article 310. T , . 305. , . , , , .I , .I 294. I , . . I , , .

TITLE XI Parental Authorit CHAPTER 1 General Provisions Article 311. T . I . C . R , . N . (154 ) Article 312. G Article 313. P , T Article 314. A .( ) Article 315. N ( )
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,

'

, ,

, .( ) , . , .( ) ,

,

,

.

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CHAPTER 2 Effect of Parental Authorit Upon the Persons of the Children Article 316. T (1) T , (2) T Article 317. T .( ) Article 318. U .I , .F Article 319. T .T , . (158 ) , , ' , . (156 ) ; , ' . (155) , , , , ; :

CHAPTER 3 Effect of Parental Authorit on the Propert of the Children Article 320. T , .I C Article 321. T , , , Article 322. A , .( ) Article 323. T ' . A Article 324. W . B , Article 325. T , Article 326. W ' C .( ) , , R , ; . (162) . (161) 321 , .( ) . (160) , ; , ' , , F I . (159 ) , , ,

CHAPTER 4 E tinguishment of Parental Authorit Article 327. P (1) U
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(2) U (3) U (4) U Ar icle 328. T

; ; . (167 ) , , , . '

, T . (168 ) Ar icle 329. W .( ) Ar icle 330. T (1) W ; (2) W Ar icle 331. P , Ar icle 332. T , , . (171 ) Ar icle 333. I . (172) ' .I , , , , , . (170) , : ,

. (169 )

,

,

CHAPTER 5 Adop ion Ar icle 334. E Ar icle 335. T (1) T ; (2) T (3) A (4) N (5) R (6) A ' Ar icle 336. T .( ) Ar icle 337. A Ar icle 338. T (1) T (2) O , , , , : ; ; .( )
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. (173 )

, ;

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; , , , . (173 )

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(3) A

e -chi d, b

he

e -fa he be ad he e e

e ed: i e c he Re

he . ( )

Article 339. The f (1) A a ied e

i g ca , ih eg

e

f he

he

e; i e ha b e di a ic e a i ;

(2) A a ie (3) A e Article 340. The (1) The e (2) The a e Article 341. The ad (1) Gi e (2) Di

ih h

b ic f he Phi i

h ha a ead bee ad i e c e f he f ed, if f e

ed. ( ) i g he ad ea f age i ha be ece e; be ad ed. ( ) a :

be ad , g a dia i ha : ed e

ee

i cha ge f he e

he ad

he a e igh e ed i he a e

a d d ie a if he e e a egi i a e chi d f he ad b a e; e; a e. ( ) ed e , h e ae b a ed e ed e fa a

e;

e he a h i ed e ed e e ha

(3) Ma e he ad (4) E i e he ad Article 342. The ad f hi . (177a)

a ega hei

f he ad e'

e he ad be a ega hei

f he ad

e ha i he i , he a e , h ha i

Article 343. If he ad e i ha ha e e cce i

i ed b egi i a e a e a ce da a d b a ad a igh ha a ac edged a a chi d. ( ) ae ad i e , b a ac i e ha be g he e ed b i b he R e i , f C he ad i

Article 344. The ad e a d ac i e e hi he e f. ( ) Article 345. The ceedi g f c f ic i h hi C de. ( ) Article 346. The ad i

he a e

ha be ec ded i he i ca aci a ed e d ha ca e he a eii he c

ca ci i egi e . (179a) a , h gh a g a dia ad i e , a f ae a a h i .( ) f he e ci i f he

Article 347. A i ad i he a e g Article 348. The ad (1) If he ad (2) Whe e

f ed agai

e

ca i

f he ad

i e; e f

i a

f he e ca e :

ed e ed i

ha a e

he ife f he ad e f he ad e

he ad

ha aba d ed e

ed he h

e ha i

h ee ea ;

(3) Whe b

he ac

he ad

ha defi i e

dia ed he ad

.( )

CHAPTER 6 Substitute Parental Authorit ( ) Article 349. The f (1) G a dia (2) Teache (3) Head (4) Di ec (5) G a d a e (6) The de b ; a d fe ; e , ha age , a d i i a i , i h ega d a i i ; i g e ha e e ci e b i e ae a a h i :

f chi d e ' h

f ade e ab i h e ; he i e. a ed i he

e ice ;

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Article 350. The e

ecedi g a ic e ha e e ci e ea

ab e

e i i

e

he c

d c

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Ar icle 350. The pe on named in he p eceding a icle hall e e ci e ea onable of he child.

R.A. 386

pe i ion o e

he cond c a d'

Ar icle 351. A gene al g a dian o a g a dian o e he pe on hall ha e he ame a ho i o e he pe on a he pa en . Wi h ega d o he child' p ope , he R le of Co on g a dian hip hall go e n.

Ar icle 352. The ela ion be een eache and p pil, p ofe o and den , a e fi ed b go e nmen eg la ion and ho e of each chool o in i ion. In no ca e hall co po al p ni hmen be co n enanced. The eache o p ofe o hall c l i a e he be po en iali ie of he hea and mind of he p pil o den . Ar icle 353. App en ice pe mi ed. hall be ea ed h manel . No co po al p ni hmen again he app en ice hall be

Ar icle 354. G andpa en and in hei defa l he olde b o he o i e hall e e ci e pa en al a ho i in ca e of dea h o ab ence of he child' pa en . If he pa en a e li ing, o if he child i nde g a dian hip, he g andpa en ma gi e ad ice and co n el o he child, o he pa en o o he g a dian. Ar icle 355. S b i e pa en al a ho i hall be e e ci ed b he g andpa en in he follo ing o de :

(1) Pa e nal g andpa en ; (2) Ma e nal g andpa en .

TITLE XII Care and Ed ca ion of Children Ar icle 356. E e child:

(1) I en i led o pa en al ca e; (2) Shall ecei e a lea elemen a ed ca ion; he pa en o g a dian; ical, mo al and in ellec al de elopmen .

(3) Shall be gi en mo al and ci ic aining b

(4) Ha a igh o li e in an a mo phe e cond ci e o hi ph Ar icle 357. E e child hall: o g a dian;

(1) Obe and hono hi pa en

(2) Re pec hi g andpa en , old ela i e , and pe on holding (3) E e hi mo fo hi ed ca ion and aining;

b i

e pa en al a ho i ;

(4) Coope a e i h he famil in all ma e

ha make fo he good of he ame.

Ar icle 358. E e pa en and e e pe on holding b i e pa en al a ho i hall ee o i ha he igh of he child a e e pec ed and hi d ie complied i h, and hall pa ic la l , b p ecep and e ample, imb e he child i h highmindedne , lo e of co n , ene a ion fo he na ional he oe , fideli o democ ac a a a of life, and a achmen o he ideal of pe manen o ld peace. Ar icle 359. The go e nmen p omo e he f ll g o h of he fac l ie go e nmen ill e abli h, hene e po ible: of e e in child. Fo hi p po e, he

(1) School in e e ba io, m nicipali and ci he e op ional eligio of he c ic l m a he op ion of he pa en o g a dian; (2) P e ic l e and imila cen e ;

c ion hall be a gh a pa

(3) Co ncil fo he P o ec ion of Child en; and (4) J enile co . elfa e of child en in he m nicipali . I

Ar icle 360. The Co ncil fo he P o ec ion of Child en hall look af e he hall, among o he f nc ion : (1) Fo e he ed ca ion of e e
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(2) E (3) P (4) T (5) A (6) P (7) C . A icle 361. J A icle 362. W . A icle 363. I . N . , ,

R.A. 386

; , ;

; ; ; , , , , , , , ' .

TITLE XIII U e of S name ( ) A icle 364. L A icle 365. A A icle 366. A , A icle 367. N A icle 368. I A icle 369. C . A icle 370. A (1) H (2) H (3) H A icle 371. I .I (1) T (2) S A icle 372. W . A icle 373. A 370. A icle 374. I . A icle 375. I .G (1) A (2) A R II, .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.htmlIII, ' . ,
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(2) Add he Roman n me al II, III, and o on. Article 376. No pe on can change hi name o Article 377. U pa ion of a name and nla f l name i ho j dicial a ho i . elief.

name ma be he

bjec of an ac ion fo damage and o he

Article 378. The na ho i ed o

e of ano he pe on'

name gi e a igh of ac ion o he la e .

Article 379. The emplo men of pen name o age name i pe mi ed, p o ided i i done in good fai h and he e i no inj o hi d pe on . Pen name and age name canno be ped. Article 380. E cep a p o ided in he p eceding a icle, no pe on hall e diffe en name and name .

TITLE XIV ABSENCE

CHAPTER 1 Provisional Measures in Case of Absence Article 381. When a pe on di appea f om hi domicile, hi he eabo being nkno n, and i ho lea ing an agen o admini e hi p ope , he j dge, a he in ance of an in e e ed pa , a ela i e, o a f iend, ma appoin a pe on o ep e en him in all ha ma be nece a . Thi ame le hall be ob e ed e pi ed. (181a) hen nde imila ci c m ance he po e confe ed b he ab en ee ha

Article 382. The appoin men efe ed o in he p eceding a icle ha ing been made, he j dge hall ake he nece a mea e o afeg a d he igh and in e e of he ab en ee and hall pecif he po e , obliga ion and em ne a ion of hi ep e en a i e, eg la ing hem, acco ding o he ci c m ance , b he le conce ning g a dian . (182) Article 383. In he appoin men of a ep e en a i e, he po epa a ion. If he ab en ee lef no po co . (183a) e, o if he po e p e en hall be p efe ed hen he e i no legal he

e p e en i a mino , an compe en pe on ma be appoin ed b

CHAPTER 2 Declaration of Absence Article 384. T o ea ha ing elap ed i ho an ne abo he ab en ee o ince he eceip of he la ne , and fi e ea in ca e he ab en ee ha lef a pe on in cha ge of he admini a ion of hi p ope , hi ab ence ma be decla ed. (184) Article 385. The follo ing ma a k fo he decla a ion of ab ence: (1) The po (2) The hei e p e en ; in i ed in a ill, ho ma p e en an a hen ic cop of he ame; ho ma cceed b he la of in e ac ; of he ab en ee ome igh ake effec bo dina ed o he condi ion of hi af e i p blica ion in a

(3) The ela i e

(4) Tho e ho ma ha e o e dea h. (185)

he p ope

Article 386. The j dicial decla a ion of ab ence hall no ne pape of gene al ci c la ion. (186a)

n il i mon h

CHAPTER 3 Administration of the Propert of the Absentee Article 387. An admini a o of he ab .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html en ee' p ope hall be appoin ed in acco dance i h a icle 383. (187a)
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A icle 387. A A icle 388. T ' A icle 389. T (1) W (2) W (3) W . I , ,

' ' , : ; ; ' , . (190)

383. (187 ) . (188 )

P e A icle 390. A , T .I .( ) A icle 391. T : (1) A (2) A (3) A .( ) A icle 392. I ; , , ,

CHAPTER 4 mp ion of Dea h , . , , , ; , ; ,

, . (194)

CHAPTER 5 Effec of Ab ence Upon he Con ingen Righ A icle 393. W

of he Ab en ee . (195)

A icle 394. W , T , , , T R . (197) A icle 396. T , . (198) A icle 395. T ,

, , . (196 ) . .I , , .

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TITLE XV

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TITLE XV EMANCIPATION AND AGE OF MAJORITY

CHAPTER 1 Emancipation Article 397. E (1) B (2) B (3) B Article 398. E C Article 399. E ' .I , , Article 400. I , Article 401. E . (319 ) . (318) . (317 ) , R , N .3 , , .H . (316 ) : ; ; . (314)

CHAPTER 2 Age of Majorit Article 402. M T C Article 403. N , Article 404. A C Article 405. F (1) T (2) T (3) T T Article 406. T 404. T , C 399 399. I . (324 ) R . (323 ) ; . ; , F , . (321 ) , I . (322 ) : , . (320 ) , , .

TITLE XVI CIVIL REGISTER Article 407. A , . (325 )
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Article 408. T

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Article 408. T (1) B (15) Article 409. I , , ; (2) ; (11) , ; (3) (12) ; , ; (4) ; (7)

R.A. 386

: ; (6) ; (9) ; (14) . (326 ) ; (10) ;

; (5) ; (8) ; (13) (16) , , .( )

Article 410. T .( ) Article 411. E , Article 412. N Article 413. A . H , .( ) , .( ) .( )

BOOK II PROPERTY, OWNERSHIP, AND ITS MODIFICATIONS

TITLE I CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY PRELIMINARY PROVISIONS Article 414. A (1) I (2) M ; . (333) :

CHAPTER 1 Immovable Propert Article 415. T (1) L (2) T (3) E (4) S ; (5) M , , , ; (6) A , ; (7) F (8) M , , ,
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(8) M (9) D

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(10) C

CHAPTER 2 Movable Propert Article 416. T (1) T (2) R (3) F (4) I Article 417. T (1) O (2) S (336 ) Article 418. M . (337) , .T ; , , . (335 ) : ; . ; ; : ;

CHAPTER 3 Propert in Relation to the Person to Whom It Belongs Article 419. P Article 420. T (1) T S (2) T Article 421. A . (340 ) Article 422. P S Article 423. T . (343) Article 424. P , A . (344 ) Article 425. P , P C T P , , C
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R.A. 386

Article 426. W ," " C W " , ,

, ," 1 C ," " , , 2. ," , , , . (346 ) , ,

, ,

" , , , , , , , , ,

,

TITLE II OWNERSHIP

CHAPTER 1 O nership in General Article 427. O Article 428. T . T Article 429. T .F Article 430. E , Article 431. T .( ) Article 432. T , , .( ) Article 433. A .( ) Article 434. I Article 435. N . S . (349 ) Article 436. W , . ( ) ARTICLE 437. T , , . (350 ) Article 438. H N , , . I .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html , S ,
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R.A. 386

I . (351 ) Article 439. B , ,

, ,

S

, , . (352) ,

CHAPTER 2 Right of Accession GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 440. T , . (353) ,

SECTION 1 Right of Accession with Respect to What is Produced b Propert Article 441. T (1) T (2) T (3) T Article 442. N I C Article 443. H , Article 444. O W , , , . (355 ) , . (356) . . (357) ; ; . (354) , . . :

SECTION 2 Right of Accession with Respect to Immovable Propert Article 445. W , Article 446. A Article 447. T , .T H , . (360 ) Article 448. T , 546 548, .H , .I ,
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, , , . (359) , , ; , , , , , , .T . (361 ) , ,
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. (358) , , , , , , , , .

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Article 449. H

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Ar icle 449. H Ar icle 450. T ,

, . (362)

R.A. 386

, , ,

,

, , Ar icle 451. I .( ) Ar icle 452. T Ar icle 453. I , I . (364 ) Ar icle 454. W 447 Ar icle 455. I . T , . (365 ) Ar icle 456. I 2176. ( ) Ar icle 457. T . (336) Ar icle 458. T , Ar icle 459. W , Ar icle 460. T , Ar icle 461. R , , , , , .( ) , .( ) , , . . (363 ) ,

; ,

,

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,

450. I , ,

. (367)

. (368 ) .I . (369 ) . H . (370 ) ,

, ,

Ar icle 462. W Ar icle 463. W , . (374) Ar icle 464. I

, . (372 )

, , .H P S . (371 ) , , , .I , ,

,

Ar icle 465. I -

, . (373 )

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. (373 )

SECTION 3 Right of Accession with Respect to Movable Propert Article 466. W , . (375) Article 467. T , Article 468. I , , I Article 469. W . N , , . (378) Article 470. W . I . I . (379 ) Article 471. W , , Article 472. I , , Article 473. I , I , . (382) Article 474. O , . I , . I , (383 )
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, , , . (376) , . , , , . (377) , , , , , ,

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. (380)

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R.A. 386

A icle 475. I

,

.( )

CHAPTER 3 Q ie ing of Ti le ( ) A icle 476. W , , A . A icle 477. T .H A icle 478. T , A icle 479. T ' A icle 480. T C A icle 481. T S C . . . , . , . , , , , , , . , ,

R ino A icle 482. I I , A icle 483. W , , ,

CHAPTER 4 B ilding and T ee in Dange of Falling , . , . (389 ) , ; . (390 )

,

TITLE III CO-OWNERSHIP A icle 484. T . I (392) A icle 485. T .A T . (393 ) A icle 486. E , A icle 487. A . (394 ) .( )
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Ar icle 487. A Ar icle 488. E .N Ar icle 489. R Ar icle 490. W , (1) T (2) E , -

-

R.A. 386

.( ) .A . (395 ) , , ,

.E 492. ( ) , : , ; ; , , ; , ; , ; , .H , , , . (397 ) , . ,

(3) T (396) Ar icle 491. N , Ar icle 492. F T S , W , , , . , . (398) , . . -

,

Ar icle 493. E , , , . (399) Ar icle 494. N N .T A N N Ar icle 495. N , .B Ar icle 496. P R C , -

, .B

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.E .

, . ,

. . (400 ) , 498. (401 ) .P C . (402)
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R.A. 386

Article 497. T , , Article 498. W , Article 499. T , Article 500. U .L Article 501. E .( ) , , , , ,

.B . (403) . (404) , . P , . (405) .( )

TITLE IV SOME SPECIAL PROPERTIES

CHAPTER 1 Waters

SECTION 1 O nership of Waters Article 502. T (1) R (2) C ; (3) W (4) L (5) R (6) S (7) W (8) W , (9) T Article 503. T (1) C (2) L (3) S (4) R (5) T I , , , .
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: ;

; N , ; , , ; , : , , , ; , , , ; , , N ; ; . (407) ; S , , ; ;

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I

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,

,

R.A. 386

.T ,

, , . (408)

SECTION 2 The U e of P blic Wa e A icle 504. T (1) B (2) B T , A icle 505. E A icle 506. T . (411 ) , , . , , . (409 ) . (410) ; :

SECTION 3 The U e of Wa e of P i a e O ne A icle 507. T , S A icle 508. T , . (413) A icle 509. N , A icle 510. T M L . (414 ) L W A

hip , , , . (412 ) ,

3, 1866, ,

I

L

. (415) A icle 511. E . (416) , ,

SECTION 4 S b e anean Wa e A icle 512. O , E . (417 ) A icle 513. W . (418) A icle 514. W . (419) , S L W A 3, 1866, , M L . ,

SECTION 5 Gene al P o i ion A icle 515. T ,
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, . (420) A icle 516. T , . (421) A icle 517. A , T A icle 518. A S L W C A 3, 1866, I L . (425 )

,

,

,

. . (422)

CHAPTER 2 Mine al A icle 519. M . (427 )

CHAPTER 3 T ade-ma k and T ade-name A icle 520. A A icle 521. T .( ) A icle 522. T .( ) , , , , .( )

TITLE V POSSESSION

Po A icle 523. P A icle 524. P A icle 525. T

e

CHAPTER 1 ion and he Kind The eof . (430 ) ' , . (413 ) : . (432) ,

A icle 526. H . H M A icle 527. G . (434) A icle 528. P . (435 ) A icle 529. I , A icle 530. O
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. (436) .
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A icle 530. O (437)

R.A. 386

.

Ac A icle 531. P , . (438 ) A icle 532. P ,

CHAPTER 2 i i ion of Po e

ion ,

, : , , . (439 )

,

A icle 533. T , O A icle 534. O , A icle 535. M . (443) A icle 536. I .H , A icle 537. A , A icle 538. P ; , ; .S , ; , . (445) , , , . (444) . (441 ) , ; . (442) ; . . (440)

Effec A icle 539. E C A .

CHAPTER 3 of Po e

ion ; R

, . T . (446 ) A icle 540. O . (447) A icle 541. A . (448 ) A icle 542. T . (449) A icle 543. E , .I . H
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R

C

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(450 ) Ar icle 544. A N C Ar icle 545. I . T T ; . (452 ) Ar icle 546. N . U . (453 ) Ar icle 547. I , 2 . (454) Ar icle 549. T , 546 , Ar icle 550. T Ar icle 551. I . (456) Ar icle 552. A , . A (457 ) Ar icle 553. O . (458) Ar icle 554. A , Ar icle 555. A (1) B (2) B (3) B (4) B .B
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. . . (451) , , . , , , ; , , , ,

, . ( ) ARTICLE 548. E ; ,

1 , , . (445 ) .( )

443. T

,

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, . (459) :

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Article 556. T , Article 557. T , L R . (462 ) , , , Article 559. T , . I , Article 560. W Article 561. O , , , . (466) ' , , Article 558. A

. (461) , M L

, . (463) .N ,

, . (464 ) ; . (465)

TITLE VI USUFRUCT

CHAPTER 1 Usufruct in General Article 562. U , Article 563. U , Article 564. U , , Article 565. T ; . (470) , , , . (468) , , , . (469) C .I . (467)

CHAPTER 2 Rights of the Usufructuar Article 566. T .W . (471) Article 567. N T I . T
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R.A. 386

, . (473)

Ar icle 569. C . (474). Ar icle 570. W , . W , I . (475) Ar icle 571. T , Ar icle 572. T , , . (480) Ar icle 573. W , , ; . (481) Ar icle 574. W , , Ar icle 575. T , Ar icle 576. I , . (484 ) Ar icle 577. T I , , I . I . W , , . ;

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. (479)

,

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, .I , . (482) , . (483 ) , , , . , ,

, , . (485) ARTICLE 578. T , . I , . (486) , ,

Ar icle 579. T ,
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igh o be indemnified he efo . He ma , ho e e , emo e i ho damage o he p ope . (487) Article 580. The f c a damage o he ame. (488) ma e off he imp o emen

R.A. 386

ch imp o emen , ho ld i be po he ma ha e made on he p ope

ible o do o again an

Article 581. The o ne of p ope he f c of hich i held b ano he , ma aliena e i , b fo m o b ance, o do an hing he eon hich ma be p ej dicial o he f c a . (489)

he canno al e i

Article 582. The f c a of a pa of a hing held in common hall e e ci e all he igh pe aining o he o ne he eof i h e pec o he admini a ion and he collec ion of f i o in e e . Sho ld he co-o ne hip cea e b ea on of he di i ion of he hing held in common, he f c of he pa allo ed o he co-o ne hall belong o he f c a . (490)

CHAPTER 3 Obligations of the Usufructuar Article 583. The f c a , befo e en e ing pon he enjo men of he p ope , i obliged: , hich i h hi

(1) To make, af e no ice o he o ne o hi legi ima e ep e en a i e, an in en o of all he p ope hall con ain an app ai al of he mo able and a de c ip ion of he condi ion of he immo able ; (2) To gi e ec i , binding him elf o f lfill he obliga ion Chap e . (491) impo ed pon him in acco dance

Article 584. The p o i ion of No. 2 of he p eceding a icle hall no appl o he dono ho ha e e ed he f c of he p ope dona ed, o o he pa en ho a e f c a ie of hei child en' p ope , e cep hen he pa en con ac a econd ma iage. (492a) Article 585. The making an in en o f c a , ha e e ma be he i le of he f c , ma be e c o of gi ing ec i , hen no one ill be inj ed he eb . (493) ed f om he obliga ion of

Article 586. Sho ld he f c a fail o gi e ec i in he ca e in hich he i bo nd o gi e i , he o ne ma demand ha he immo able be placed nde admini a ion, ha he mo able be old, ha he p blic bond , in men of c edi pa able o o de o o bea e be con e ed in o egi e ed ce ifica e o depo i ed in a bank o p blic in i ion, and ha he capi al o m in ca h and he p oceed of he ale of he mo able p ope be in e ed in afe ec i ie . The in e e on he p oceed of he ale of he mo able and ha on p blic ec i ie p oceed of he p ope placed nde admini a ion, hall belong o he f c a . and bond , and he

F he mo e, he o ne ma , if he o p efe , n il he f c a gi e ec i o i e c ed f om o doing, e ain in hi po e ion he p ope in f c a admini a o , bjec o he obliga ion o deli e o he f c a he ne p oceed he eof, af e ded c ing he m hich ma be ag eed pon o j diciall allo ed him fo ch admini a ion. (494) Article 587. If he f c a ho ha no gi en ec i claim , b i e of a p omi e nde oa h, he deli e of he f ni e nece a fo hi e, and ha he and hi famil be allo ed o li e in a ho e incl ded in he f c , he co ma g an hi pe i ion, af e d e con ide a ion of he fac of he ca e. The ame ind o le hall be ob e ed i h e pec o implemen , ool and o he mo able p ope oca ion in hich he i engaged. nece a fo an

If he o ne doe no i h ha ce ain a icle be old beca e of hei a i ic en imen al al e, he ma demand hei deli e o him pon hi gi ing ec i in e e on hei app ai ed al e. (495)

o h o beca e he ha e a fo he pa men of he legal

Article 588. Af e he ec i ha been gi en b he f c a , he hall ha e a igh o all he p oceed and benefi f om he da on hich, in acco dance i h he i le con i ing he f c , he ho ld ha e commenced o ecei e hem. (496) Article 589. The f c a hall ake ca e of he hing gi en in f c a a good fa he of a famil . (497) hich he

Article 590. A f c a ho aliena e o lea e hi igh of f c hall an e fo an damage hing in f c ma ffe h o gh he fa l o negligence of he pe on ho b i e him. (498) Article 591. If he f c be con i ed on a flock o he d of li e ock, he f c a
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S . S . (499 ) Ar icle 592. T B

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Ar icle 593. E . (501) Ar icle 594. I S ; Ar icle 595. T , Ar icle 596. T , ,

.T

. , , . (502 ) , . (503) , . (504) Ar icle 597. T . I ; Ar icle 598. I , T , Ar icle 599. T . I , . T .T ; Ar icle 600. T . S . (509) Ar icle 601. T ,
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, Article 602. T . (512) ,

. (511)

CHAPTER 4 E tinguishment of Usufruct Article 603. U (1) B (2) B ; (3) B (4) B (5) B (6) B (7) B Article 604. I (514) Article 605. U I , Article 606. A , . (516) Article 607. I , . T B . , , Article 608. I , S . (518 ) Article 609. S , Article 610. A , , . (520) Article 611. A . (521)
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: , , ; ; ; ; . (513 ) , , , . (515 ) , , , , , . . ;

, , . (517) , , , . , , , , . I . (519) ; , , , ,

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A icle 612. U . A (522 )

R.A. 386

,

, , .

TITLE VII EASEMENTS OF SERVITUDES

CHAPTER 1 Ea emen in Gene al

SECTION 1 Diffe en Kind of Ea emen A icle 613. A . T , A icle 614. S . (531) A icle 615. E C . D A . N A icle 616. E A , A icle 617. E A icle 618. E , I , A icle 619. E . (536) , .T , . (535) . I . , . (533) . (534) , . . (532) . , , . . (530) , ;

SECTION 2 Mode of Ac i ing Ea emen A icle 620. C . (537 ) A icle 621. I : , ; , .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html , , ,
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;

, , . (538 ) , , . (539) , ,

,

A icle 622. C A icle 623. T

. (540 ) A icle 624. T , , .T . (541 ) A icle 625. U (542) A icle 626. T . N .( ) , . , , , , , ,

Righ A icle 627. T

SECTION 3 and Obliga ion of he O ne of he Dominan and Se , , , ,

ien E a e .

F A icle 628. S , .A . I , A icle 629. T N , , , , , ,

. (543 )

, . (544) , , , . (545) , .

A icle 630. T ,

.( )

SECTION 4 Mode of E ing i hmen of Ea emen A icle 631. E (1) B (2) B ; ; ; (3) W
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, , ,

, ; (4) B ; (5) B (6) B Article 632. T . (547 ) Article 633. I . (548) , ;

. (546 ) ,

CHAPTER 2 Legal Easements

SECTION 1 General Pro isions Article 634. E (549) Article 635. A , Article 636. E T . T . (551 ) , , , , T . (550) .

SECTION 2 Easements Relating to Waters Article 637. L , T . (552) Article 638. T , E . I (553 ) Article 639. W , , . (554) Article 640. C ,
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. ; , , , . , , , , , , , . ,

. (555)
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Article 641. E , . (556) Article 642. A , . (557) Article 643. O (1) T (2) T (3) T (558) Article 644. T , Article 645. T , . (560) Article 646. F , , . (561) Article 647. O , , . (562) Article 648. T , (563 ) , , , C . , , , , , . (559) , , : ; ; . , ,

SECTION 3 Easement of Right of Wa Article 649. T , , S , I , . T Article 650. T , . (565) Article 651. T , Article 652. W , I (567 ) , , , , . (566 ) , . .
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, , .

, .

' ,

. (564 ) ,

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R.A. 386

Article 653. I .H Article 654. I . A .( ) Article 655. I , , ,

, , .( )

,

. T . . , . (568 ) , , , . (569 ) , , , , , 50 , . 640 641 .I , . 75 , , ,

T I

Article 656. I , , Article 657. E , W 37 W , 10 S . (570 )

SECTION 4 Easement of Part Wall Article 658. T , Article 659. T : (1) I (2) I (3) I Article 660. I (1) W (2) W (3) W (4) W , (5) W (6) W (7) W , ,
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T , ; , , , ; , , ; , ; , ; , ; , , , . (572) ,

, . (571 ) , ,

;

:

, ;

,

.

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(7) W I (573) Article 661. D . T , . (574) Article 662. T , , N , , ,

R.A. 386

. . ,

,

, . . (575) , , , , , , . . (576) ,

,

,

Article 663. I

Article 664. E T ; I , . (577) Article 665. T , Article 666. E , ,

. , , , , . (579 ) , . (578 ) ,

SECTION 5 Easement of Light and Vie Article 667. N Article 668. T (1) F (2) F .( ) Article 669. W 670 , , . N H ,
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. (580)

,

, : , ; , , , , , ,

, , . (581 ) , , ,
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Article 670. N

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A icle 670. N

,

,

, , .

N . T A icle 671. T , . (583) A icle 672. T , A icle 673. W , 671. A 670 . (585 ) 670 . (582 )

,

, , . (584 ) ,

SECTION 6 D ainage of B ilding A icle 674. T , , , . (586 ) A icle 675. T , , . (587) A icle 676. W , , , , . (583) , , .E ,

SECTION 7 In e media e Di ance and Wo k fo Ce ain Con A icle 677. N , A icle 678. N , , . T . I A icle 679. N , . E .
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c ion and Plan ing . (589)

, , , , , , ,

, ,

, ,

, ,

, . (590 ) , ,

,

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. T Article 680. I , ,

R.A. 386

. (591 ) , . (592) , , .( ) ,

Article 681. F

SECTION 8 Easement Against Nuisance ( ) Article 682. E , Article 683. S SECTION 9 L S S ( ) . Article 685. A . Article 686. T . Article 687. A . , , . , , , , , , , .

Article 684. N

CHAPTER 3 Voluntar Easements Article 688. E , . (594) Article 689. T , Article 690. W , . (596) Article 691. I . T . B Article 692. T , . (597 ) , T Article 693. I , . (599)
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, , , ,

,

. (595)

, ,

, -

-

. I . (598) , ,

,

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R.A. 386

TITLE VIII NUISANCE ( ) Ar icle 694. A : (1) I (2) A (3) S (4) O (5) H Ar icle 695. N , .A Ar icle 696. E . Ar icle 697. T . Ar icle 698. L Ar icle 699. T (1) A (2) A (3) A Ar icle 700. T . Ar icle 701. I . Ar icle 702. T . Ar icle 703. A . Ar icle 704. A , .B (1) T (2) T (3) T ; (4) T Ar icle 705. T (1) A (2) A Ar icle 706. A , ; . , ,
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,

,

,

,

; , . .A , . ;

, : P ; , . C :

.

, , , , , : ; ; , ,

. :

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Article 706. A , H , . Article 707. A (1) I (2) I ;

R.A. 386

,

, .

:

.

TITLE IX REGISTRY OF PROPERTY Article 708. T Article 709. T R Article 710. T Article 711. F , , . (608 ) M L , L R P R P . (607) , R , A , , , R P . (605) , . (606) ,

BOOK III DIFFERENT MODES OF ACQUIRING OWNERSHIP Preliminar Provision Article 712. O O , T . (609 ) , . . , ,

TITLE I Occupation Article 713. T , Article 714. T Article 715. T Article 716. T .I , , Article 717. P , Article 718. H 438 Article 719. W ' C . (614) , , .I
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, , .( ) . (611) ' , .T .T . (612 ) . (613 ) , . (610)

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A icle 719. W , . T I S .T . (615 ) A icle 720. I

,

R.A. 386

,

.I

. , . , , , . (616 ) , , , , , ,

TITLE II In ellec al C ea ion A icle 721. B (1) T (2) T (3) T (4) T A icle 722. T C T T A icle 723. L , . H A icle 724. S , .( ) . (429 ) , .( ) . . , N . 1 .O 2 , ; , , , , ; ; .( ) , , , , , : , ;

TITLE III DONATION

Na A icle 725. D , A icle 726. W , . (618 )

CHAPTER 1 e of Dona ion

' , , . (619)

A icle 727. I .( ) A icle 728. D , A icle 729. W .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html T S . (620) ,
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Article 729. W ' , .( ) Article 730. T , .( ) Article 731. W .( ) Article 732. D T Article 733. D T . (622) Article 734. T . (621) , ' , , , . T

,

, ,

. (623)

CHAPTER 2 Persons Who Ma Give or Receive a Donation Article 735. A Article 736. G Article 737. T Article 738. A Article 739. T (1) T (2) T (3) T I ; Article 740. I Article 741. M . (626 ) Article 742. D . (627) Article 743. D . (628) Article 744. D .( ) Article 745. T , Article 746. A Article 747. P 749 Article 748. T A
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. (624) .( ) ' .( ) . (625) : ; , , N . 1, .( ) .( ) , . ;

,

, ; , .( ) , . (631) . . (630)

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A . I .O A icle 749. I T ,

R.A. 386

, . (632 ) , . , . ,

I . (633)

,

,

CHAPTER 3 Effec of Dona ion and Limi a ion The eon A icle 750. T , , A icle 751. D B A icle 752. T T A icle 753. W , T , A icle 754. T . T , T A icle 755. T , A icle 756. T . (640 ) A icle 757. R . A , A icle 758. W , . I , A icle 759. T . T
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

, , , . (634 ) . ,

, , . W

. (635) 750 . , . (636) , . , . (637) , . . (638 ) , ; . (639) , , , , , ,

,

,

. (614 ) , . (642 ) , , . (643)
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CHAPTER 4 Re oca ion and Red c ion of Dona ion A icle 760. E , : (1) I (2) I ; (3) I A icle 761. I , A icle 762. U I W (645 ) A icle 763. T , , . T A icle 764. T . I M T , A icle 765. T : (1) I ; (2) I , ; (3) I (648 ) A icle 766. A L A icle 767. I
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, , , ; , . (644 ) , , .( ) , . , . , 760 , , ,

, , , ,

,

, , .

, . (646 )

, , , , ,

,

, L L R .

, ,

'

. (647 ) , , , , , . ,

, R . (649) ,

, P .

,
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de a d f he d ee he a e f e f hich he a e ha bee gaged. The a e f aid e ha be fi ed a ed f ffici

R.A. 386

a ie a ed

hich he ca ai

ec . (650)

e f

hi d e

,

he

f he i e f he d a f he ca e , he d ee ha f he c hich he

Article 768. Whe he d a i i e he i i ed ced beca e i i i c ai . If he e ca i i ba ed e he e c di i . (651) c b a

a ed i a ic e 760, b e he f i e ce

ea f

f i g a i de, he fi i g f he

ia ce i h a he f i he e f

di i i ed i he d a i , he d ee ha a ha e ecei ed af e ha i g fai ed f fi he

Article 769. The ac i g a ed he d ac i e c ibe i hi e ea , be c ib e f hi b i g he ac i . (652) Article 770. Thi ac i ha a h gh he c d ha e d e Nei he ca hi ac i bee fi ed. (653) be b

b ea f i g a i de ca be e ced i ad a ce. Thi ed f he i e he d had edge f he fac a d i a he hei f he d d die bef e he e f he d ee, e , if he a e did iai f e ea . i i e he a e, ai ha

be a i ed , a d e e if he h gh agai he hei

he a e ' dea h he c

Article 771. D a i hich i acc da ce i h he i i f a ic e 752, a e i ffici , bea i g i i d he e i a ed e a e f he d ' e a he i e f hi dea h, ha be ed ced i h ega d he e ce ; b hi ed c i ha e e he d a i f a i g effec d i g he ife f he d , ha i ba he d ee f a ia i g he f i . F g he ed c i e . (654) f d ai e h a a a f he i i f hi Cha e a d f a ic e 911 a d 912 f hi C de ha a d

Article 772. O h cce i i ee

he i e f he d he ed c i i

' dea h ha e a igh ffici d ai . ce hei

he egi i e a d hei hei

Th e efe ed i he ecedi g a ag a h ca e b e e dec a a i , b c e i g he d a i . The d ee , de i ee a d ega ee , h a e ei he a f he ed c i a ai he e e

igh d i g he ife i e f he d

, ei he

e i ed he egi i e a d he c edi he e f. (655a) i he e ce

f he decea ed ca e a f he ,

Article 773. If, he e bei g e d ai , he di ab e i h e f he e ece da e ha be e ed ed ced i h ega d

fficie c . (656)

TITLE IV SUCCESSION

CHAPTER 1 General Pro isions Article 774. S cce i i a de f ac i i i b i e e f he a e f he i he i a ce, f a e ae a hi i b eai f a .( ) Article 775. I h gh cce e f hich he e , igh i ed h gh hi dea h a a d he b iga i he he ei he b i a i ed

hi Ti e, "decede " i he ge e a e a ied he e h e e i , he he he ef a i . If he ef a i , he i a ca ed he e a . ( ) a he e i ed f , igh he a d e b iga i f a e

Article 776. The i he i a ce i c de e i g i hed b hi dea h. (659) Article 777. The igh Article 778. S cce i he cce i

hich a e

ae a

f he dea h f he decede . (657a)

a be:

(1) Te a e a ;
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(2) Lega

i e a e;

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(2) Lega

i e a e;

(3) Mi ed. ( ) Article 779. Te a e a cce i he f e c ibed b a . ( ) Article 780. Mi ed cce i i i i ha hich e b f he de ig a i b eai f a hei , f a .( ) a i ib e igh a d i ce he e i g f he b ec i e eai gi e b f a . i e f ade i a i e ec ed

ha effec ed a

i a d a e

Article 781. The i he i a ce f a e i c de b iga i e i i g a he i e f hi dea h, b a h cce i . ( ) Article 782. A hei i a e De i ee a d ega ee a e e a i .( ) ca ed h he cce gif i

he e a d he hich ha e acc ed he e he a i i e fa i ae e

ei he b

f ea a d e

CHAPTER 2 Testamentar Succession

SECTION 1 Wills SUBSECTION 1. Wills in General Article 783. A i i a ac ce ai deg ee he di ii he eb a e f hi e a e, e i e i ed, i h he f a i ie a e effec af e hi dea h. (667a) a ac ; i ca be ef i e ai f a age a e c ibed b a , c a fa

Article 784. The a i g f a i i a ic hi d e , acc i hed h gh he i Article 785. The d a i i hich he a e efficac a e, he

h e i a e . (670a) ega ee , he di c e i

he di c e i

f he de ig a i f hei , de i ee efe ed b a e, ca be ef

he de e i a i f he f a hi d e . (670a) e i ha b ha

Article 786. The e a a e a hi d e he di ib i f ecific e f he a ea e i ge e a ecified c a e ca e , a d a he de ig a i f he e , i i e ab i h e hich ch e a e be gi e a ied. (671a) Article 787. The e a a a e a e a e a di ii i ch a e ha a he e de e i e he he i i be e a i e. ( ) Article 788. If a e a e a di i i ad i hich he di ii i be e a i e ha be Article 789. Whe he e i de c i i , i a e a d e i ic e ide ce, e c di g ai e he face f he a ce ai ed f he d e c di g ch a dec a a i Article 790. The d e he i a he e f diffe e i e efe ed. ( ) eai , i ca e f d b , ha i e

eai

a i e fec de c i i , he e e e ac a e he i i be c ec ed, if he e a ea f he c e f he i f he a dec a a i f he e a a hi i e i ; a d he a ce ai i , a he a ica i f a f i i i , he e a ' i e i i be f he i , a i g i c ide a i he ci c a ce de hich i a ade, .( ) e e, e a c ea i e i

f a i a e be a e i hei di a a d g a a ica e ca be ga he ed, a d ha he ca be a ce ai ed. e e, e a da he c e b

Tech ica d i a i ae be a e i hei ech ica i e i , e i a i fac i a ea ha he i ac ai ed i h ch ech ica e e. (675a)

e c ea i dica e a c a he e a , a d ha he a e e e e i de f i e e i g a e ch i he i he di e effec , i , ha i f he if he
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Article 791. The d fa i ae ecei e a i e e a i hich i gi e a he ha e hich i e de a f he e e i i e a i e; a d f be efe ed hich i e e i e ac . ( )

Article 792. The i a idi f e f e e a di ii c ai ed i a i d e he di ii , e i i be e ed ha he e a d ha e ade fi i a id di i i had bee ade. ( )
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Article 793. P , Article 794. E , Article 795. T .( ) SUBSECTION 2. Testamentar Capacit and Intent Article 796. A Article 797. P Article 798. I Article 799. T , I , Article 800. T T ; , .( ) Article 801. S .( ) Article 802. A .( ) Article 803. A .( ) SUBSECTION 3. Forms of Wills Article 804. E Article 805. E ' T , T , , I Article 806. E , Article 807. I ( ) Article 808. I , , ; .( ) , , , , , . , , , , . , , , , , , , , , , , ,

, .( ) .( )

. (662) .( ) .( ) , .( ) . .

,

.( ) , . , , , ,

.( ) C , , C ; .T .( ) , . ,
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A icle 809. I 805. ( ) A icle 810. A .I . (678, 688 ) A icle 811. I .I I , A icle 812. I A icle 813. W , ,

,

,

,

,

, , , . , . (619 ) .( )

, P

,

, , .( ) , , .( ) , .S P P , C .( ) P , , P , . (669) , e , o Will , 805 : P ; , .( ) .( ) , , , , , .H , .( ) ' .( ) I R ,
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A icle 814. I A icle 815. W A icle 816. T F

,

,

.( ) , , .( )

A icle 817. A

A icle 818. T A icle 819. W , P , SUBSECTION 4. - Wi ne A icle 820. A A icle 821. T (1) A (2) T A icle 822. I A icle 823. I ,

, F . (733 )

, C .( )

,

, ,

, , ,

, , , ,

A icle 824. A SUBSECTION 5. C A icle 825. A
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Article 825. A c dici i e e a a a he e f, b hich di ii Article 826. I de ha a c dici

addi i ade i

R.A. 386

a i , ade af e he e ec i f a i a d a e ed he igi a i i e ai ed, added , a e ed. ( ) ha be e ec ed a i ae i f he i he ca e f a i . ( ) i ef b e

be a e

a be effec i e, i

Article 827. If a i , e ec ed a a e, ch d c e a e e e : (1) The d c (2) The he e f; (3) I (4) I i i e c ea a e

e i ed b hi C de, i c ha be c ide ed a a efe ed i he i

efe e ce a d c e he f i g e i ie a e f he i ; be f age

be i e i e ce a he i e f he e ec i he a e, ai g a g he hi g he

de c ibe a d ide if

be ide ified b c ea a d a i fac be b ig ed b f acc he e a i e a d he ie . ( )

fa i e

he d c e

e

a e

efe ed

he ei ; a d i ca e f

each a d e e

age, e ce

SUBSECTION 6. Revocation of Wills and Testamentar Dispositions Article 828. A i a be e igh i id. (737a) Article 829. A c , i a id f he ace i he i i i acc Article 830. N (1) B i (2) B ed b he e a a a i e bef e hi dea h. A ai e e ic i f hi

e ca i d e ide he Phi i i e , b a e h d e he i i d e acc di g he a f he ace he e he i a hich he e a had hi d ici e a he i e; a d if he e ca i da ce i h he i i f hi C de. ( ) i ha be e f a ; he i i g e ec ed a ided i ca e f i ; ed e ce i he f i g ca e :

ha e hi d ici e i hi ade, acc di g he a a e ace i hi c ,

ica i

e i , c dici ,

(3) B b i g, ea i g, ca ce i g, b i e a i g he i i h he i e i f e i g i , b he e a hi e f, b e he e i hi e e ce, a d b hi e e di ec i . If b ed, , ca ce ed, b i e a ed b e he e , ih he e e di ec i f he e a , he i a i be e ab i hed, a d he e a e di ib ed i acc da ce he e i h, if i c e , a d d e e ec i , a d he fac f i a h i ed de c i , ca ce a i , bie a i a e e ab i hed acc di g he R e f C .( ) Article 831. S b e e di ii i he i i i hich d a aei c e i e e he ih c e i a h e i a e e a e, a e c ai ed i he a e i . ( ) ch d bec e b hei

Article 832. A e ca i ade i a i eai e b ea f he i ca aci e cia i . (740a) Article 833. A e ca i f a i ba ed

b e e i ha a e effec , e e if he e i h f he hei , de i ee ega ee de ig a ed he ei , a fa e ca e a i ega ca e i ei a d id. ( ) h gh he i

Article 834. The ec g i i f a i egi i a e chi d d e a ade h d be e ed. (741) SUBSECTION 7. Republication and Revival of Wills Article 835. The e a a e i e hich i Article 836. The e ec i b he c dici . ( ) Article 837. If af e he ec d i d e ca id a e b i h, i h i f .( ) a e

ega effec , e e

he ei i

d ci g i a e i i ha

b e

e

i , he di f e

ii

c i a

ai ed i dified ca i f

f a c dici efe i g

he effec

b i hi g he

a i g a i , he e a a e a ec d i e e e i e he fi i , hich ca be e i ed b a

e i g he fi , he e he i c dici . (739a)

SUBSECTION 8. Allowance and Disallowance of Wills Article 838. N he R e f C i . ha a ei he ea e a e e i i ed a d a ed i acc da ce ih
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T , . T S A icle 839. T (1) I (2) I (3) I (4) I S C

, R

, C R C , .( ) : ; , , , , , ; ; '

.I

. , ,

; (5) I (6) I .( ) ;

SECTION 2 In i ion of Hei A icle 840. I .( ) A icle 841. A , . I . (764) A icle 842. O . O C A icle 843. T , E , A icle 844. A , I , A icle 845. E .H (750 ) A icle 846. H A icle 847. W A , B, C," . (769 )
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,

. (763 ) , . , . (772) . , , , , . . (773 ) , , , ,

. (765) , "I

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, A icle 848. I , A icle 849. W

R.A. 386

. (769 ) , . (770 )

. (771) A icle 850. T . (767 ) A icle 851. I , T .( ) A icle 852. I , , .( ) A icle 853. I , .( ) A icle 854. T , , , . I . (814 ) A icle 855. T , A icle 856. A A , , , C . (766 ) ; , . (1080 ) . , , , ; , , , , , , , . , , ,

SECTION 3 S b i ion of Hei A icle 857. S .( ) A icle 858. S (1) S (2) B (3) R (4) F A icle 859. T , A A icle 860. T A icle 861. I .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html , , ; , , , . (774) . (778)
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: ; ; ; .( ) .

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Article 861. I , .I . (779 ) Article 862. T , . (780) Article 863. A , , ,

,

,

, , , . (781 ) Article 864. A Article 865. E T , . (783) Article 866. T .T Article 867. T (1) F , (2) P 863; (3) T 863, (4) T . (785 ) Article 868. T ; Article 869. A , , Article 870. T .( ) . I 863 . (787 ) , . (786) , , ; , , , : , ; . (784) ' , , , . (782 ) . ,

SECTION 4 Conditional Testamentar Dispositions and Testamentar Dispositions With a Term Article 871. T Article 872. T C Article 873. I , Article 874. A , ' N , , . (793 )
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, , .S , , . (813 ) . (792 )

. (790 )

.

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. (793 ) Ar icle 875. A . (794 ) Ar icle 876. A ' T Ar icle 877. I , S , I Ar icle 878. A . (799 ) Ar icle 879. I , , . (800 ) Ar icle 880. I , . T Ar icle 881. T C . (804 ) , , T , , Ar icle 883. W , . I . (798 ) Ar icle 884. C S Ar icle 885. T . I .B , . (805) , . (791 ) , , , . (797 ) , . . (801 ) , R Ar icle 882. T , , , , , . (796) . . , , . , . (795 )

SECTION 5 Legi ime Ar icle 886. L ,
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' , : . (806)
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Ar icle 887. T (1) L (2) I ; (3) T (4) A (5) O C . I T C Ar icle 888. T . T . (808 ) Ar icle 889. T . T , ; , , ,

: ; ,

; 287.

N . 3, 4,

5 . ,

N .1

2;

. (807 ) ,

, . (809 ) ; , . , .I . (810) , . (871) ,

Ar icle 890. T I , , Ar icle 891. T

Ar icle 892. I I I , . (834 ) , T Ar icle 894. I .( ) Ar icle 895. T T
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

, .I . , . ,

Ar icle 893. I .

,

. (836 ) , .T -

. , . ,
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T ,

R.A. 386

. , . (840 )

Ar icle 896. I (841 ) Ar icle 897. W , .( ) Ar icle 898. I , .( ) Ar icle 899. W , , . T .( ) Ar icle 900. I , I , .I ( ) Ar icle 901. W T Ar icle 902. T , Ar icle 903. T , . I .I Ar icle 904. T . N . (813 ) Ar icle 905. E , Ar icle 906. A . (815) Ar icle 907. T , Ar icle 908. T , T , , , , . (818 )
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. , ,

, ,

, . (837 ) , , , , . . (842 ) . (843 ) , , , , , , , , , , .( ) . -

; . (816)

. (817) .

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R.A. 386

A icle 909. D D . I C A icle 910. D . S C . (847 ) A icle 911. A : (1) D , (2) T I ; , , . (819 )

.

,

,

, , . , . , , . (820 ) ,

(3) I

A icle 912. I , ; . T A icle 913. I , A icle 914. T

, ; ,

, . (821) ; . (822) .( ) ,

SECTION 6 Di inhe i ance A icle 915. A . (848 ) A icle 916. D (849) A icle 917. T , A icle 918. D , ; . (851 ) A icle 919. T : (1) W
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

,

,

, .

. (850) , C , , ,

, , , , ;
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, (2) W

, ,

;

R.A. 386

;

(3) W ; (4) W (5) A ; (6) M (7) W (8) C Ar icle 920. T : (1) W , (2) W , (3) W , (4) W ; (5) W (6) T (7) T (8) A . (756, 854, 674 ) Ar icle 921. T (1) W , (2) W , (3) W ; (4) W (5) W (6) U Ar icle 922. A , Ar icle 923. T ; . (857)
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html 85/210

, ;

,

,

, ;

;

. (756, 853, 674 ) ,

; , , ; ;

, ;

, C

, ; ; , : ,

; ; , , , ; ; . (756, 855, 674 ) . (856)

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R.A. 386

SECTION 7 Legacies and De ises Article 924. A Article 925. A . T .T (858 ) Article 926. W S (859) Article 927. I , Article 928. T . (860) Article 929. I , . (864 ) Article 930. T .B , Article 931. I , ; , Article 932. T , I . (866 ) Article 933. I , I ; (878 ) Article 934. I , T A Article 935. T . I I , . (870 ) Article 936. T ,
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html 86/210

. (865 )

. , , , .( ) , , , , , , . (862 ) , , , . .

, . (861 ) . , , . , .

, .

.

, . (867 )

,

,

, .I , , .

,

,

12/28/11

R.A. 386

, . (871)

. T Ar icle 937. A , Ar icle 938. A . I . (837 ) Ar icle 939. I . I , T Ar icle 940. I . I O I , . (874 ) Ar icle 941. A . A T . (875 ) Ar icle 942. W . (876 ) Ar icle 943. I ; Ar icle 944. A , A I I , . (879 ) Ar icle 945. I , ; . (880 ) Ar icle 946. I . (868 ) Ar icle 947. T ,
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

. (872) ,

,

,

, ,

,

. .( ) , ,

, . ,

, . , ,

,

,

C

.

, , , . (877 ) , , , , . , , , , , , , . ,

,

.

. (881 )
87/210

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Ar icle 948. I , , . F , Ar icle 949. I . (884 ) Ar icle 950. I : (1) R (2) L (3) L (4) L (5) L (6) A Ar icle 951. T . (883 ) Ar icle 952. T L T . (886 ) Ar icle 953. T , . (885 ) Ar icle 954. T . S Ar icle 955. T .I . B , A , Ar icle 956. I , . (888 ) Ar icle 957. T (1) I ; (2) I
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, , ' , , . (882 ) , , , ; ' , ,

, ; ; ; ; , . (887 ) ;

, ,

, .

, .

, ,

, , , , . , . (890 ) , , : , . (889 ) , ,

, .I ,
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.I , ; (3) I ' , .N 928. (869 ) A icle 958. A .( ) A icle 959. A . (751) ' , , , ,

,

,

CHAPTER 3 Legal o In e a e S cce

ion

SECTION 1 Gene al P o i ion A icle 960. L (1) I (2) W , ; (3) I , ; (4) W A icle 961. I , (913 ) A icle 962. I R , . (912 ) SUBSECTION 1. Rela ion hip A icle 963. P . (915) A icle 964. A A A , A icle 965. T T T A icle 966. I ,
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

: , , , ; . I

, , , , , , . , 987, 2, 1006 , , , S . C , . (912 )

. E , . . . (916 ) . . . (917) ,
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A icle 966. I ge i . I I

he i e, a

a

deg ee

ae c

R.A. 386

ed a

he e a e ge e a i e deg ee e

e

, e c di g he ed f he a e , ih h c e, h

he di ec i e, a ce i ade he c a ce . Th , he chi d i f he g a dfa he , a d h ee f he g ea -g a d a e .

he c a e a i e, a ce i ade he c a ce a d he de ce i he c ai i be ade. Th , a e i deg ee e ed f hi b i he b he f hi fa he , f f hi fi c i ,a d f h. (918a) A icle 967. F he . Ha f b a e d ea i he , b b d ea i hi i ha e i i g be ee e h

ade he e he , h ee f hi

ha e he a e fa he a d he a e

hi i ha e i i g be ee he a e fa he . (920a)

e

h ha e he a e fa he , b

he a e

he ,

he

A icle 968. If he e a e e e a i ca aci a ed cceed, hi e e e ai he i h d a e

ea i e f he a e deg ee, a d e i ha acc e he he f he ace. (922)

e f he a e i i g a e deg ee, a e he igh

f

A icle 969. If he i he i a ce h d be e dia ed b he ea e e a i e, h d he e be e , b a he ea e e a i e ca ed b a cceed, h d he e be e e a , h e f he f i g deg ee ha i he i i hei igh a d ca e e e he e e e dia i g he i he i a ce. (923) SUBSECTION 2. Righ of Rep e en a ion A icle 970. Re e e a i i a igh c ea ed b fic i f a , b i e f hich he e e e a i e i ai ed he ace a d he deg ee f he e e e e ed, a d ac i e he igh hich he a e d ha e if he e e i i g if he c d ha e i he i ed. (942a) A icle 971. The e e e a i e i ca ed e e e ai ed e cceed he e cceeded. ( ) A icle 972. The igh f e e e ai ace a e i fa a he cce i b he a a d e e e ed b he e h ace i b he e e e e ed. The he e e e e ed d ha e e e i he a ce di g.

he di ec de ce di g i e, b fb ece he a i e ,

I he c a e a i e, i a e ha f b d. (925)

f he chi d e a e ace, i i

he he he be f he f e f be ca ab e i e , he

A icle 973. I de ha e e e a i f cceedi g he decede . ( )

ha he e e e a i e hi

A icle 974. Whe e e he e i cce i b e e e a i , he di i i f he e a e ha be ade e i ch a e ha he e e e a i e e e e ai e ha i he i e ha ha he e e e e d i he i , if he e e i i g c d i he i . (926a) A icle 975. Whe chi d e f a e b e e e a i , if he e a i . (927) A icle 976. A e A icle 977. Hei h a e e i e hi e b he i h hei h ha e i e ce a f he decea ed . B if he a e

i e, he ha i he i f he e i e, he ha i he i i

e e e dia e hei

e i he i a ce he ha a

ced. (928a)

be e e e ed. (929a)

SECTION 2 O de of In e a e S cce SUBSECTION 1. De cending Di ec Line A icle 978. S cce i e ai ,i he fi ace,

ion

he de ce di g di ec i e. (930) cceed he a e a d diffe e a iage . ae hi i i he hei a e a he a ce da , ih

A icle 979. Legi i a e chi d e a d hei de ce da di i c i a e age, a d e e if he h d c e f A ad (931a) ed chi d cceed he e f he ad i g

e a a egi i a e chi d.

A icle 980. The chi d e f he decea .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

ed ha a a

i he i f

igh , di idi g he i he i a ce

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A icle 980. T . (932) A icle 981. S , A icle 982. T , . (933) A icle 983. I 895. ( ) A icle 984. I , SUBSECTION 2. A A icle 985. I , A icle 986. T S A icle 987. I S ; .I SUBSECTION 3. Illegi ima e Child en A icle 988. I . (939 ) A icle 989. I , , A icle 990. T , . (941 ) A icle 991. I A icle 992. A ; A icle 993. I ; A icle 994. I I , SUBSECTION 4. S A icle 995. I , , (946 ) A icle 996. I
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

,

, . (934 ) , , , , .( ) D L , . (935 ) , , , , . (937) , . . (936) . ,

,

, , . (940 )

, ,

, . (942, 841 ) . (943 ) , ' . (944 ) , . , . (945 ) , , , ,

i ing Spo

e , , , , . (834 )
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cce

i

he a e ha e a

ha

f each f he chi d e . (834a) e ha

Article 997. Whe he id id e i e i h egi i a e a e a ce da , he i i g be e i ed e-ha f f he e a e, a d he egi i a e a e a ce da he he ha f. (836a)

Article 998. If a id id e i e i h i egi i a e chi d e , ch id id e ha be e i ed e-ha f f he i he i a ce, a d he i egi i a e chi d e hei de ce da , he he egi i a e i egi i a e, he he ha f. ( ) Article 999. Whe he id id e i e chi d e hei de ce da , he he egi i a e a e ha e a ha f a egi i a e chi d. ( ) i h egi i a e chi d e i egi i a e, ch id hei de ce da a d i egi i a e id e ha be e i ed he

Article 1000. If egi i a e a ce da , he i i g e, a d i egi i a e chi d e a e ef , he a ce da ha be e i ed e-ha f f he i he i a ce, a d he he ha f ha be di ided be ee he i i g e a d he i egi i a e chi d e ha ch id id e ha ha e e-f h f he e a e, a d he i egi i a e chi d e he he f h. (841a) Article 1001. Sh d b he a d i e hei chi d e i e i h he id e i ed e-ha f f he i he i a ce a d he b he a d i e hei chi d e Article 1002. I ca e f a ega e a a i ha e a f he igh g a ed i he SUBSECTION 5. Collateral Relati es Article 1003. If he e a e de ce da , a ce da , i egi i a e chi d e , a e a i e ha cceed he e i e e a e f he decea ed i acc da ce i h he f Article 1004. Sh (947) d he i be b he i e b a d i e ge he d, he f f he f b d, he i i g e, he c a e a i g a ic e . (946a) ha i he i i e a ha e . f he i e . , if he i i g ecedi g a ic e . ( ) e ga e ca ef id he e , he a e ha be he ha f. (953, 837a) , he he ha

he e a a i

Article 1005. Sh d b he a d i e de ce da ' b he a d i e f he f (948)

i h e he a d iece , h a e he chi d e e ha i he i e ca i a, a d he a e e ih b he a d i e e f he he e e

Article 1006. Sh d b he a d i e f he f b b d, he f e ha be e i ed a ha e d b e ha Article 1007. I ca e b he a d i e a e he i , a ha i he i i e Article 1008. Chi d e f b he a d acc da ce i h he e aid d f b Article 1009. Sh d he e be ei he b e a i e ha cceed he e a e. The a e ha cceed h e b d. (954a) Article 1010. The igh c a e a i e. (955a) SUBSECTION 6. The State ih di i c i

d i e ge he f he a e . (949)

f he ha f he ' ide, . (950) i e , i

f he ha f b d, e he fa he ' a d a ha e i h di i c i a he igi i e f he ha f b d ha cceed he a d i e f he f b d. (915) he f i e ha i e chi d e efe e ce a e e d be fb g he he b ea

e ca i a i e , he f ea i f ea i

he c a e a hi b hi i he he

i he i ab i e a

d he fif h deg ee

Article 1011. I defa f e e i ed cceed i Sec i , he S a e ha i he i he h e e a e. (956a) Article 1012. I e i e i i de ha he S a e a f he R e f C a e

acc da ce e

i h he e i ed i

i i he

f he

ecedi g

e i f he be b e ed. (958a)

ecedi g a ic e, he ici a i ci ie , e ec i e
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Article 1013. Af e he a e f deb a d cha ge , he e a e ha be a ig ed he ci he e he decea ed a e ided i he Phi i i e , a d he ea e a e he ici a i ie e ec i e , i hich he a e i i a ed. If he decea ed e e e ided i he Phi i i e , ici a i ie ci ie he e he a e i ca ed.
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

he

h e e ae

ha

be a

ig ed

he

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S ch e a e ici a i ie a a . The c , a e a e

ha be f he be efi f b ic ch , a d b ic cha i ab e i i i ci ie . The c ha di ib e he e a e a he e ec i e eed he i a ce f a i e e ed a , ha he i c e f he , e i ha be i , a ed. (956a) de

a d ce e , i f each be eficia he e ab i h e

ch a f a

Article 1014. If a e ega e i ed he e a e f he decea ed a ea a d fi e a c ai he e i h he c i hi fi e ea f he da e he e a de i e ed he S a e, ch e ha be e i ed he e i f he a e, if d, he ici a i ci ha be acc ab e hi f ch a f he ceed a a ha e bee a f e .( )

CHAPTER 4 Provisions Common to Testate and Intestate Successions

SECTION 1 Right of Accretion Article 1015. Acc e i i a igh b i e f hich, he e e a e ca ed de i e egac , he a a ig ed he e h e ce ca ecei e hi ha e, e a , i added i c a ed ha f hi c -hei , c -de i ee , c - ega ee . ( ) Article 1016. I ece a : (1) Tha a d (2) Tha e i ca aci a ed de ha e e he igh f acc e i a a e ace i a e a e a he a e , e i he a e i he i a ce, h died bef e he cce i , i ha i di i be ; be

be ca ed

he a e i he i a ce,

he e f,

f he e h ecei e i . (928a)

ca ed die bef e he e a

ce he i he i a ce,

Article 1017. The d " e-ha f f each" "i e a ai a , d ide if i b ch de c i i a ha e , ha e c de he igh f acc e i . I ca e f (983a) e f gib e g cce h h d i

ha e " a he hich, h a e each hei he e c i e ea e

gh de ig a i g a e f de e i a e f acc e i acc e i ha he hich he i i b i h he ha a e ef he f .

d , if he ha e f each hei i he ha e f he he i g e b e h he igh

a ed, he e ha be a igh he i he i a ce ha a a a ei i a he a e a d b iga i he hei he f ee

Article 1018. I ega hi c -hei . (981) Article 1019. The hei i he i . ( ) Article 1020. The hei hei h e ced c

dia e

f acc e i

he i he i a ce acc e ha cceed ecei e i d ha e had. (984) hei he igh f acc e i e f he a d a a ge . he c -hei ha ha a e

he igh ace i i

Article 1021. A g he c e f he , a Sh d he a igh f acc e i

e dia ed be he egi i e, he . (985)

cceed

igh , a d

Article 1022. I e a e a cce i , he he igh f acc e i he i i ed hei , if b i e ha bee de ig a ed, ha a ecei e i i h he a e cha ge a d b iga i . (986) Article 1023. Acc e i c di i e ab i hed f ha a a e hei . (987a) ace a

d e a e ace, he aca he ega hei f he e a , a d f c a ie de

g de i ee , ega ee

SECTION 2 Capacit to Succeed b Will or b Intestac
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Ar icle 1024. P T Ar icle 1025. I , A 41. ( ) Ar icle 1026. A , A , Ar icle 1027. T (1) T ; (2) T , (3) A , ; , (4) A , (5) A ; (6) I Ar icle 1028. T .( ) Ar icle 1029. S , , (747 ) Ar icle 1030. T , . T ; , .I . T . (749 ) Ar icle 1031. A , Ar icle 1032. T (1) P ; (2) A
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. . (744, 914) , , , .

,

, ,

S ,

, , . (746 )

, ,

, .

: , , , ; , , ,

, , , , , , , , ; , , , ; , , ,

, 739,

. (745, 752, 753, 754 )

, S , ,

,

' , 1013.

,

, , , C , F I

,

,

, , . (755) : , , ,
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, (3) A , (4) A , (5) A (6) A (7) A , (8) A Ar icle 1033. T , Ar icle 1034. I , , ,

; ; , , , ; , ; , , ' ; . (756, 673, 674 ) , , . N . 2, 3, N . 4, 5 1032, . , , , . (757 ) , , ; ;

I

I

, . (758 )

Ar icle 1035. I , T . (761 ) Ar icle 1036. A , .( ) Ar icle 1037. T , .( ) Ar icle 1038. A , . H . (760 ) Ar icle 1039. C Ar icle 1040. T . (762 ) .( ) , .I , , , , , ; , .

SECTION 3 Accep ance and Rep dia ion of he Inheri ance Ar icle 1041. T Ar icle 1042. T . (989)
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. (988)

Ar icle 1043. N

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. (991) . .P .

T , (992 ) Ar icle 1045. T , . (993 ) Ar icle 1046. P . (994) Ar icle 1047. A Ar icle 1048. D .S Ar icle 1049. A A A . A , Ar icle 1050. A (1) I (2) I (3) I , Ar icle 1051. T . (1008) Ar icle 1052. I . T , , Ar icle 1053. I . (1006) Ar icle 1054. S . (1007 ) Ar icle 1055. I S . (1009) Ar icle 1056. T ,
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, , ,

1030.

,

. (995 ) , . (996 ) . . , , . (999 ) : , , , , . (1000) , , . T , C , , . (1001) , ; , , ; ; .T

, , , , , , ,
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R.A. 386

,

.( )

SECTION 4 E ecutors and Administrators Article 1058. A Article 1059. I , ' Article 1060. A P ; .( ) , , .( ) , , 2239 2251 2244, N . 8, P C , , R C .( )

SECTION 5 Collation Article 1061. E , , Article 1062. C , (1036) Article 1063. P . (1037) Article 1064. W , T , . (1038) Article 1065. P . (1039) Article 1066. N , (1040) Article 1067. E , Article 1068. E , , . (1042 ) Article 1069. A . (1043 ) Article 1070. W
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

, , , . (1035 ) , , , , ,

, ,

. , , , , . , , ,

; , , . (1041) , ; , . ,

,

, , , ,

,

,

. (1044)

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A icle 1071. T , T . (1045 ) A icle 1072. I , . (1046 ) A icle 1073. T ; . (1047) A icle 1074. S , , . I A icle 1075. T . F A icle 1076. T T , . A , , , . (1050) , A icle 1077. S , .( ) , . , . (1049) , . (1048) ' , , , , , , , .T . , ,

. (1044)

,

;

-

;

,

SECTION 6 Pa i ion and Di ib ion of he E a e SUBSECTION 1. Pa i ion A icle 1078. W , A icle 1079. P A icle 1080. S , A , , , A icle 1081. A T
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, .( ) , .T , , .( ) , . , , . (1056 ) , ; . , ,

,

,

,

,

,

, ,
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; , A icle 1082. E , .( ) A icle 1083. E 494. T E , A icle 1084. V ; , A icle 1085. I , A icle 1086. S , N , , A icle 1087. I , A icle 1088. S (1067 ) A icle 1089. T . (1065 ) A icle 1090. W , . (1062) , , . (1051 ) , , -

R.A. 386

, ,

, . (1057 ) , , ,

,

. ,

, . (1054 ) , . , . (1061) ,

, . (1063) , , . , .I (1066 ) SUBSECTION 2. Effec A icle 1091. A . (1068) A icle 1092. A , A icle 1093. T , T . (1071) A icle 1094. A .( ) A icle 1095. I ,
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, .

-

,

of Pa i ion

, . (1069 ) ,

-

,

,

. ,

,

. .
99/210

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T C Article 1096. T (1) W , (2) W (3) W . (1070 ) , . (1072 ) ,

R.A. 386

. , , . B

, , ,

: , ; , , ; ,

SUBSECTION 3. Rescission and Nullit of Partition Article 1097. A Article 1098. A Article 1099. T , . (1075) Article 1100. T . (1076) Article 1101. T . I . I , . (1077 ) , , , , , . (1074 ) , , . (1073 ) , ,

Article 1102. A , . (1078 ) Article 1103. T , . (1079 ) Article 1104. A ; . (1080) Article 1105. A . (1081 ) , , ,

TITLE V PRESCRIPTION

CHAPTER 1 General Provisions Article 1106. B I , , . . (1930 )
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I Article 1107. P

, .

R.A. 386

. (1930 )

M , Article 1108. P (1) M (2) A ; (3) P (4) J P . (1932 ) Article 1109. P . N Article 1110. P Article 1111. P Article 1112. P . P . (1935) Article 1113. A . P . (1936 ) Article 1114. C . (1937) Article 1115. T Article 1116. P ; C T . (1938) C C , , , , .( ) , , , , S . ; , , . (1931 ) , , :

,

; ,

, .( ) . (1933) ,

, S

C

, . (1939)

CHAPTER 2 Prescription of O nership and Other Real Rights Article 1117. A O . (1940 ) Article 1118. P Article 1119. A . (1942) Article 1120. P Article 1121. P
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.

,

,

. (1941)

,

. (1943) .
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T Ar icle 1122. I .( ) Ar icle 1123. C Ar icle 1124. J (1) I (2) I (3) I I , . . (1946 ) ' R , . A Ar icle 1127. T , Ar icle 1128. T (1951) Ar icle 1129. F , . (1950 ) 526, 527, 528, 529 L R A , P , ; ; ; . (1945 ) ,

. (1944 )

:

Ar icle 1125. A . (1948) Ar icle 1126. A

. (1949 )

C .

, .( ) Ar icle 1130. T Ar icle 1131. F Ar icle 1132. T . T . W , 559 Ar icle 1133. M (1956 ) Ar icle 1134. O . (1957 ) Ar icle 1135. I , Ar icle 1136. P .( ) Ar icle 1137. O , Ar icle 1138. I
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

. (1953) , ; . (1954 )

, , 1505 C , . (1955 ) , ' .

, .( ) , ,

. (1959 ) :
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(1) T (2) I

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; , , (3) T . (1960 ) ;

CHAPTER 3 P e c ip ion of Ac ion A icle 1139. A A icle 1140. A , 559, 1505, A icle 1141. R T . (1963) A icle 1142. A A icle 1143. T : (1) T (2) T A icle 1144. T (1) U (2) U (3) U A icle 1145. T (1) U (2) U A icle 1146. T (1) U (2) U H , (1) A icle 1147. T (1) F (2) F A icle 1148. T C A icle 1149. A .( ) A icle 1150. T , , . (1969) , C .( ) 1140 C C 1142, , 1144 1147 .( ) ; M . (A L ; , , , PD N . 1755, D : / . 24, 1980.) , ; ; .( ) : .( ) : ; ; , , 649; .( ) : . (1964 ) C , 1133. (1962 ) . 1132, . (1961) ,

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, Article 1151. T

R.A. 386

. (1969)

. (1970 ) Article 1152. T . (1971) Article 1153. T . T . (1972) Article 1154. T .( ) Article 1155. T , . (1973 ) ,

BOOK IV Obligations and Contracts

TITLE I Obligations

CHAPTER 1 General Pro isions Article 1156. A Article 1157. O (1) L (2) C (3) Q (4) A (5) Q . (1089 ) .O , , Article 1159. O . (1091 ) Article 1160. O B .( ) Article 1161. C T XVIII Article 1162. O B , 2177, B , . (1093 ) C . (1092 ) 2, P T , H C C , R 2, T , XVII 1, T XVII, B . (1090) C ; ; ; ; ; : , .( )

Article 1158. O

CHAPTER 2
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Na A icle 1163. E , (1094 ) A icle 1164. T H , A icle 1165. W 1170, I . I , A icle 1166. T , A icle 1167. I T , ,

e and Effec of Obliga ion . . . (1095) , . ,

. (1096) . (1097 ) , .F . (1098) , . (1099 ) . , ,

A icle 1168. W A icle 1169. T

. H , (1) W (2) W ; (3) W I , .F . (1100 ) A icle 1170. T , A icle 1171. R . (1102 ) A icle 1172. R , A icle 1173. T , W I . (1104 ) A icle 1174. E , A icle 1175. U
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

: ;

, , , . (1101) .A ,

.

,

,

. (1103) . 2, , , , , . (1105 ) .( )
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A icle 1176. T . T . (1110 ) A icle 1177. T ; A icle 1178. S , . (1112) , , , ,

,

, . (1111)

CHAPTER 3 Diffe en Kind of Obliga ion

P A icle 1179. E , E . (1113) A icle 1180. W , A icle 1181. I , A icle 1182. W .I C A icle 1183. I , ,

SECTION 1 e and Condi ional Obliga ion , . , , 1197. ( ) , . (1114) , , . (1115) . I . ,

T A icle 1184. T . (1117) A icle 1185. T , I , A icle 1186. T A icle 1187. T .N , .I . I A icle 1188. T . , . (1120) , , , , , , , , . (1118)

. (1116 )

.

. (1119) , ,

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. T (1121 ) Article 1189. W , : (1) I (2) I ,

R.A. 386

.

, , , , ; , , , ; , , , . (1122) , , . , , . (1123) , . 1187 , , , ; ; ;

(3) W (4) I (5) I ; (6) I Article 1190. W I A

Article 1191. T . T . H . T T 1385 Article 1192. I .I , 1388 M L . (1124) , ,

, , , . , , , .( )

SECTION 2 Obligations ith a Period Article 1193. O . O A I S Article 1194. I 1189 , .( ) ,
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Article 1195. A , (1126 ) Article 1196. W , ,

, , .

. (1127) Article 1197. I , T I , .O Article 1198. T (1) W ; (2) W (3) W , (4) W (5) W , . (1129 ) ; , ; ; , , : , . (1128 ) , . .

SECTION 3 Alternati e Obligations ARTICLE 1199. A T Article 1200. T T . (1132) Article 1201. T Article 1202. T , Article 1203. I , Article 1204. T , . T . D Article 1205. W U (1) I (2) I , ,
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. . (1131) , , . (1133) . (1134) ' .( ) , , .

, . (1135 ) , . : ; ,
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(2) If he b i i g, da age ; (3) If a fa The a e bec e i e

f e f he hi g he ice f ha

cc h hich, h

R.A. 386

gh he fa gh he fa

f he deb , he c edi f he f e , ha di a , he ch ice b he c edi e he b ig a

a c ai a f h ea ed, i h a igh ha fa f he a e ai e de a he h he

e

he hi g a e e f he , a ha be a ied ib e. (1136a)

h gh he fa f he deb i h i de i f da age . b iga i d bee

ice d i

d i ca e ag eed , b

e,

Article 1206. Whe b i i , he b iga i

e e ai ha i ca ed fac a i e.

The de e i a i f he hi g i e ded a a e de hi iab e. B ce he b i i ha bee acc f hi de a , eg ige ce f a d. ( )

b i e, h gh he eg ige ce ade, he b ig i iab e f he

f he b ig , d e f he b i e

SECTION 4 Joint and Solidar Obligations Article 1207. The c c e ce f e c edi f e deb i d e i ha each e f he f e ha a igh de a d, ha each e de , e i e c ia ce i h he e a i . The e i a ida iabi i he ae , he he a he a e f he b iga i e ie ida i . (1137a) e a d he a e b iga i e f he a e i b d he b iga i e e

Article 1208. If f he a , he a e he di g f he b iga i hich he ecedi g a ic e efe he c a d e a ea , he c edi deb ha be e ed be di ided i a a ha e a he e a e c edi deb , he c edi deb bei g c ide ed di i c f e a he , bjec he R e f C g e i g he i ici f i . (1138a) Article 1209. If he di i i i i ib e, he igh f he c edi a be ej diced b a d he deb ca be e f ced b ceedi g agai a he deb . If e f he a e he he ha be iab e f hi ha e. (1139) Article 1210. The i di i ibi i i efi i di i ibi i . ( ) f a b iga i d e ece ai gi e i e a ef f he ida i . N be b he di hei c ec i e ac , h d be i e , d e ida i a e hi g f

Article 1211. S ida i a e i a h gh he c edi a d b he a e e i d a d c di i . (1140) Article 1212. Each e hich a be ej dicia Article 1213. A ida f he ida c edi he a e . (1141a) c edi ca a ig hi e f he h d be a d igh

a d he deb ha e e ih he c a be e

he a e a

he , b

he . ( ) e aj dicia ,

Article 1214. The deb a a a ha bee ade b e f he , a e Article 1215. N a i , c iha f he ida deb e

ida ade

c edi ; b if a hi . (1142a)

de a d, j dicia f he i i

ai ,c f i e i i , ha e i g i h he b iga i

f he deb , ade b a , ih ej dice he h c ec

ida c edi f a ic e 1219. he

The c edi h a ha e e ec ed a f he e ac , a e a he he f he ha e i he b iga i c e di g he . (1143) Article 1216. The c edi a ceed agai a i a e . The de a d ade agai e f he be di ec ed agai he he , g a he deb ha Article 1217. Pa e ade b deb ffe a , he c edi e f he ha be a bee f c

he deb , ha be iab e

ida deb e b ac e h e hich a ec ed. (1144a) he b iga i . If

a f he b e e e ida

e f he ida deb e i g i he a ch e hich ffe acce . i

He h ade he a e a c ai f hi c -deb i ee f he a e a ead ade. If he a e i e e i g e i d a be de a ded.

he ha e hich c e d ade bef e he deb i d e, e c , ei b e hi i he deb

each, i h he i ee f he a i g he
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Whe e f he ida deb ca , beca e f hi i b iga i , ch ha e ha be b e b a hi c -deb ,i
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ha e he deb f each. (1145a)

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R.A. 386

A icle 1218. P .( ) A icle 1219. T . (1146 ) A icle 1220. T A icle 1221. I , I , I , .( ) . , , , , ,

-

. , . (1147 )

A icle 1222. A

, , . (1148 )

, , .W

SECTION 5 Di i ible and Indi i ible Obliga ion A icle 1223. T C A icle 1224. A . T . (1150) A icle 1225. F W , . H I , . , . (1151 ) , , . , , 2 T . (1149)

Obliga ion A icle 1226. I , T A icle 1227. T ,

SECTION 6 i h a Penal Cla

e . N C . N , , . . (1152 ) ,

.H

, , . (1153 )

,

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Article 1228. P .( ) Article 1229. T .E . (1154 ) Article 1230. T T . (1155) . ,

CHAPTER 4 E tinguishment of Obligations

General Provisions Article 1231. O (1) B (2) B (3) B (4) B (5) B (6) B O , . , C . (1156 ) , , , ; ; ; ; ; :

SECTION 1 Pa ment or Performance Article 1232. P .( ) Article 1233. A , Article 1234. I , Article 1235. W , Article 1236. T , W , . (1158 ) Article 1237. W , (1159 ) Article 1238. P , .( ) Article 1239. I , .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html ' .B , , , . . , , .( ) . (1157) , .( ) , , ,

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Ar icle 1239. I "N O ." (1160 )

, , 1427 T , , . (1162 ) . .S :

Ar icle 1240. P Ar icle 1241. P , P (1) I (2) I (3) I Ar icle 1242. P (1164) Ar icle 1243. P . (1165) Ar icle 1244. T , I ' Ar icle 1245. D Ar icle 1246. W , .T . (1167 ) Ar icle 1247. U .W Ar icle 1248. U . N . H , , . (1169 ) Ar icle 1249. T , T . I Ar icle 1250. I , .( ) Ar icle 1251. P T .
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, ; ' , . (1163 )

'

;

.

, . , . (1166 ) , .( ) , . N ,

, , R C , . (1168 )

, P , , , . (1170) , .

. , .

I

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In an o he ca e he place of pa men

hall be he domicile of he deb o . ed in dela , he addi ional e pen e . (1171a) hall be

R.A. 386

If he deb o change hi domicile in bad fai h o af e he ha inc bo ne b him. The e p o i ion a e i ho

p ej dice o en e nde he R le of Co

SUBSECTION 1. Application of Pa ments Article 1252. He ho ha a io deb of he ame kind in fa o of one and he ame c edi o , ma decla e a he ime of making he pa men , o hich of hem he ame m be applied. Unle he pa ie o ip la e, o hen he applica ion of pa men i made b he pa fo ho e benefi he e m ha been con i ed, applica ion hall no be made a o deb hich a e no e d e. If he deb o accep f om he c edi o a eceip in hich an applica ion of he pa men i made, he fo me canno complain of he ame, nle he e i a ca e fo in alida ing he con ac . (1172a) Article 1253. If he deb p od ce in e e , pa men of he p incipal hall no be deemed o ha e been made n il he in e e ha e been co e ed. (1173) Article 1254. When he pa men canno be applied in acco dance i h he p eceding le , o if applica ion can no be infe ed f om o he ci c m ance , he deb hich i mo one o o he deb o , among ho e d e, hall be deemed o ha e been a i fied. If he deb (1174a) d e a e of he ame na e and b den, he pa men hall be applied o all of hem p opo iona el .

SUBSECTION 2. Pa ment b Cession Article 1255. The deb o ma cede o a ign hi p ope o hi c edi o in pa men of hi deb . Thi ce ion, nle he e i ip la ion o he con a , hall onl elea e he deb o f om e pon ibili fo he ne p oceed of he hing a igned. The ag eemen hich, on he effec of he ce ion, a e made be een he deb o and hi c edi o hall be go e ned b pecial la . (1175a) SUBSECTION 3. Tender of Pa ment and Consignation Article 1256. If he c edi o o hom ende of pa men ha been made ef e deb o hall be elea ed f om e pon ibili b he con igna ion of he hing o Con igna ion alone hall p od ce he ame effec in he follo ing ca e : (1) When he c edi o i ab en o nkno n, o doe no appea a he place of pa men ; i ho j m d e. ca e o accep i , he

(2) When he i incapaci a ed o ecei e he pa men a he ime i i d e; (3) When, i ho (4) When j ca e, he ef e o gi e a eceip ;

o o mo e pe on claim he ame igh o collec ;

(5) When he i le of he obliga ion ha been lo . (1176a) Article 1257. In o de ha he con igna ion of he hing d e ma he pe on in e e ed in he f lfillmen of he obliga ion. The con igna ion hall be ineffec al if i i no made pa men . (1177) elea e he obligo , i m fi be anno nced o hich eg la e

ic l in con onance

i h he p o i ion

Article 1258. Con igna ion hall be made b depo i ing he hing d e a he di po al of j dicial a ho i , befo e hom he ende of pa men hall be p o ed, in a p ope ca e, and he anno ncemen of he con igna ion in o he ca e . The con igna ion ha ing been made, he in e e ed pa ie hall al o be no ified he eof. (1178) he c edi o . (1179) he cancella ion

Article 1259. The e pen e of con igna ion, hen p ope l made, hall be cha ged again

Article 1260. Once he con igna ion ha been d l made, he deb o ma a k he j dge o o de of he obliga ion.

Befo e he c edi o ha accep ed he con igna ion, o befo e a j dicial decla a ion ha he con igna ion ha been p ope l made, he deb o ma i hd a he hing o he m depo i ed, allo ing he obliga ion o emain in fo ce. .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

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, (1180) A icle 1261. I , , . (1181 ) ,

,

.

.T

-

,

Lo A icle 1262. A , W , . (1182 ) A icle 1263. I .( ) A icle 1264. T A icle 1265. W , , A icle 1266. T ,

SECTION 2 of he Thing D e . , .T , , .( ) , , , , . (1183 ) 1165. T ,

. (1184 ) A icle 1267. W , A icle 1268. W , , A icle 1269. T , . (1186) , . (1185) , .( ) ,

SECTION 3 Condona ion o Remi ion of he Deb A icle 1270. C . O , A icle 1271. T , I A icle 1272. W , A icle 1273. T . (1190) A icle 1274. I , (1191 )
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, .E . (1187) , . , . (1188)

. I ,

, . (1189) ; , .

,

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(1191 )

R.A. 386

Conf A icle 1275. T . (1192 ) A icle 1276. M C A icle 1277. C

SECTION 4 ion o Me ge of Righ

. . (1193) . (1194)

SECTION 5 Compen a ion A icle 1278. C . (1195) A icle 1279. I (1) T ; (2) T , (3) T (4) T (5) T . (1196) A icle 1280. N . (1197) A icle 1281. C .( ) A icle 1282. T A icle 1283. I .( ) A icle 1284. W .( ) A icle 1285. T , , . I , I A icle 1286. C , (1199 ) A icle 1287. C
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

, , , , ; ; ; , , .W :

,

,

, .( ) , ,

,

, . , . (1198 ) , .

.

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. N 2 Article 1288. N .( ) Article 1289. I . (1201) Article 1290. W , . (1202 ) 1279 , , , 301. (1200 ) ,

SECTION 6 No ation Article 1291. O (1) C (2) S (3) S Article 1292. I , . (1204) Article 1293. N , 1236 Article 1294. I ( ) Article 1295. T , , Article 1296. W Article 1297. I Article 1298. T Article 1299. I , Article 1300. S , . (1209 ) Article 1301. C .( ) Article 1302. I (1) W (2) W ; , : , ,
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: ; ; . (1203) ,

, .P 1237. (1205 ) , ' . , , , . (1206 ) , . (1207) , .( ) , . (1208 ) , .( ) .T C ; ,

'

;

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; (3) W , ,

R.A. 386

, ' , . (1212 ) . (1210 ) , , , ,

Article 1303. S

Article 1304. A . (1213)

,

TITLE II CONTRACTS

CHAPTER 1 General Pro isions Article 1305. A , Article 1306. T , (1255 ) Article 1307. I II B .( ) , , ; , .( ) Article 1310. T .( ) Article 1311. C .T I .A .T (1257 ) Article 1312. I , Article 1313. C Article 1314. A .( ) Article 1315. C , Article 1316. R .( ) Article 1317. N
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

, . (1254 ) , , , , , , T . I

,

Article 1308. T . (1256 ) Article 1309. T

.I , , ,

,

. , . , M L L R .( ) L .( )

, , , , , . (1258) , ,
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. A , , , , . (1259 ) , ,

E

CHAPTER 2 en ial Re i i e of Con ac Gene al P o i ion

A icle 1318. T (1) C (2) O (3) C . (1261) ; ;

:

SECTION 1 Con en A icle 1319. C A T (1262 ) , , .( ) , , , .( ) , .( ) A icle 1324. W , , A icle 1325. U .( ) A icle 1326. A , A icle 1327. T (1) U (2) I A icle 1328. C .( ) A icle 1329. T A icle 1330. A . (1265 )
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. T .

. A . .

A icle 1320. A A icle 1321. T .( ) A icle 1322. A A icle 1323. A

, ,

,

.( ) , , .( ) : ; , . C 1327 . (1264) , , , ,
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,

. (1263 )

,

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Ar icle 1331. I , . M . A Ar icle 1332. W , .( ) Ar icle 1333. T .( ) Ar icle 1334. M , Ar icle 1335. T T .( ) ,

,

. (1266 ) ,

,

, , , . , ' , , , . (1268) ,

. , . .

T A (1267 ) Ar icle 1336. V Ar icle 1337. T , , Ar icle 1338. T Ar icle 1339. F , Ar icle 1340. T .( ) Ar icle 1341. A ' Ar icle 1342. M

.T , , , , , .( ) , , .( ) , .( ) .( ) , . . (1270) .T ; , .A , .( ) , .( ) , , , , , . (1269) , .( ) ,

:

Ar icle 1343. M Ar icle 1344. I I Ar icle 1345. S Ar icle 1346. A

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R.A. 386

SECTION 2 Objec of Con ac A icle 1347. A .A N A . (1271 ) A icle 1348. I A icle 1349. T , . (1273) . (1272) . T , , , , , . . ,

Ca A icle 1350. I ; , A icle 1351. T ( ) A icle 1352. C , A icle 1353. T , , ,

SECTION 3 e of Con ac , , . (1274) . , . (1275 ) , . (1276) , , , .( ) .T , ;

A icle 1354. A . (1277) A icle 1355. E , ,

CHAPTER 3 Fo m of Con ac A icle 1356. C . I . (1278 ) A icle 1357. I , .T A icle 1358. T (1) A ; 1403, N . 2, (2) T ; (3) T
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

, .H , , , , . (1279 ) : , 1405; , , ,

,

, , , ;
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, (4) T A .B (1280 ) ,

R.A. 386

; . , , 1403, N . 2 1405.

CHAPTER 4 Refo ma ion of In men A icle 1359. W ,

( ) , , , ,

, . I , , , . A icle 1360. T C A icle 1361. W , A icle 1362. I , A icle 1363. W , A icle 1364. W , . A icle 1365. I , A icle 1366. T (1) S (2) W (3) W A icle 1367. W . A icle 1368. R ; A icle 1369. T S C . , , . , ; . , : ; , . , , , , . . . . ,

CHAPTER 5 In e p e a ion of Con ac A icle 1370. I . I (1281) A icle 1371. I . (1282) .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html ,
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, , .

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R.A. 386

. (1282) A icle 1372. H A icle 1373. I . (1284) A icle 1374. T . (1285) A icle 1375. W . (1286) A icle 1376. T , A icle 1377. T . (1288) A icle 1378. W , .I . I , A icle 1379. T .( ) R 123 R . (1289) C , , . (1287) , , . (1283) ,

CHAPTER 6 Re ci ible Con ac A icle 1380. C A icle 1381. T (1) T (2) T ; (3) T ; (4) T ; (5) A A icle 1382. P , A icle 1383. T A icle 1384. R A icle 1385. R , N .
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. (1290) : ; ,

. (1291 ) . (1292) ; . (1294) .( ) , ; . ,

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R.A. 386

I

, N .1 . (1296 ) 2 1381

. (1295)

A icle 1386. R

A icle 1387. A , . A .T , I . (1297 ) A icle 1388. W , . I A icle 1389. T F ' , , . (1299) , , . . (1298 ) , , , , .

CHAPTER 7 Voidable Con ac A icle 1390. T : (1) T (2) T T .( ) A icle 1391. T T I I A . (1301 ) A icle 1392. R A icle 1393. R . I , . (1311 ) A icle 1394. R A icle 1395. R . (1312) A icle 1396. R A icle 1397. T . H ; . (1313) , , , , ,
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, ; , , . : , , , . , . (1309 ) , . , , .T .

.( )

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con ac ed; no can ho e ho e e ed in imida ion, iolence, o nd e infl ence, o emplo ed f a d, o ca mi ake ba e hei ac ion pon he e fla of he con ac . (1302a)

R.A. 386

ed

A icle 1398. An obliga ion ha ing been ann lled, he con ac ing pa ie hall e o e o each o he he hing hich ha e been he bjec ma e of he con ac , i h hei f i , and he p ice i h i in e e , e cep in ca e p o ided b la . In obliga ion o ende e ice, he al e he eof hall be he ba i fo damage . (1303a)

A icle 1399. When he defec of he con ac con i in he incapaci of one of he pa ie , he incapaci a ed pe on i no obliged o make an e i ion e cep in ofa a he ha been benefi ed b he hing o p ice ecei ed b him. (1304) A icle 1400. Whene e he pe on obliged b he dec ee of ann lmen o e n he hing can no do o beca e i ha been lo h o gh hi fa l , he hall e n he f i ecei ed and he al e of he hing a he ime of he lo , i h in e e f om he ame da e. (1307a) A icle 1401. The ac ion fo ann lmen of con ac hall be e ing i hed hen he hing hich i he eof i lo h o gh he f a d o fa l of he pe on ho ha a igh o in i e he p oceeding . he objec

If he igh of ac ion i ba ed pon he incapaci of an one of he con ac ing pa ie , he lo of he hing hall no be an ob acle o he cce of he ac ion, nle aid lo ook place h o gh he f a d o fa l of he plain iff. (1314a) A icle 1402. A long a one of he con ac ing pa ie doe no e o e ha in i e of he dec ee of ann lmen he i bo nd o e n, he o he canno be compelled o compl i h ha i inc mben pon him. (1308)

CHAPTER 8 Unenfo ceable Con ac A icle 1403. The follo ing con ac a e nenfo ceable, nle

(n)

he a e a ified: ho ha been gi en no a ho i o legal

(1) Tho e en e ed in o in he name of ano he pe on b one ep e en a ion, o ho ha ac ed be ond hi po e ; (2) Tho e ha do no compl i h he S a e of F a d ag eemen he eaf e made hall be nenfo ceable memo and m, he eof, be in i ing, and b c ibed he efo e, of he ag eemen canno be ecei ed i ho (a) An ag eemen ha b i (b) A pecial p omi e o an

a e fo h in hi n mbe b ac ion, nle he b he pa cha ged, o he i ing, o a econda

. In he follo ing ca e an ame, o ome no e o b hi agen ; e idence, e idence of i con en :

e m i no o be pe fo med i hin a ea f om he making he eof; e fo he deb , defa l , o mi ca iage of ano he ; al p omi e o ma ;

(c) An ag eemen made in con ide a ion of ma iage, o he han a m

(d) An ag eemen fo he ale of good , cha el o hing in ac ion, a a p ice no le han fi e h nd ed pe o , nle he b e accep and ecei e pa of ch good and cha el , o he e idence , o ome of hem, of ch hing in ac ion o pa a he ime ome pa of he p cha e mone ; b hen a ale i made b a c ion and en i made b he a c ionee in hi ale book, a he ime of he ale, of he amo n and kind of p ope old, e m of ale, p ice, name of he p cha e and pe on on ho e acco n he ale i made, i i a fficien memo and m; (e) An ag eemen fo he lea ing fo a longe pe iod han one ea , o fo he ale of eal p ope of an in e e he ein; ( f ) A ep e en a ion a o he c edi of a hi d pe on. o

(3) Tho e he e bo h pa ie a e incapable of gi ing con en o a con ac . A icle 1404. Una ho i ed con ac Book. a e go e ned b a icle 1317 and he p inciple of agenc in Ti le X of hi

A icle 1405. Con ac inf inging he S a e of F a d , efe ed o in No. 2 of a icle 1403, a e a ified b he fail e o objec o he p e en a ion of o al e idence o p o e he ame, o b he accep ance of benefi nde hem. A icle 1406. When a con ac i enfo ceable nde he S a e of F a d , and a p blic doc men i nece i egi a ion in he Regi of Deed .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html , he pa ie ma a ail hem el e of he igh nde A icle 1357. a fo
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i

egi

a ion in he Regi

of Deed , he pa ie ma a ail hem el e of he igh

nde A icle 1357.

Article 1407. In a con ac he e bo h pa ie a e incapable of gi ing con en , e p e o implied a ifica ion b he pa en , o g a dian, a he ca e ma be, of one of he con ac ing pa ie hall gi e he con ac he ame effec a if onl one of hem e e incapaci a ed. If a ifica ion i made b he pa en o g a dian , a hall be alida ed f om he incep ion. Article 1408. Unenfo ceable con ac canno be a he ca e ma be, of bo h con ac ing pa ie , he con ac ailed b hi d pe on .

CHAPTER 9 Void and Ine istent Contracts Article 1409. The follo ing con ac (1) Tho e polic ; ho e ca a e ine i en and oid f om he beginning: o la , mo al , good c om , p blic o de o p blic

e, objec o p po e i con a im la ed o fic i io ;

(2) Tho e hich a e ab ol el (3) Tho e ho e ca

e o objec did no e i

a he ime of he an ac ion;

(4) Tho e ho e objec i o

ide he comme ce of men; ible e ice; ela i e o he p incipal objec of he con ac canno be

(5) Tho e hich con empla e an impo

(6) Tho e he e he in en ion of he pa ie a ce ained; (7) Tho e e p e The e con ac

l p ohibi ed o decla ed oid b la . p he defen e of illegali be ai ed.

canno be a ified. Nei he can he igh o e

Article 1410. The ac ion o defen e fo he decla a ion of he ine i ence of a con ac doe no p e c ibe. Article 1411. When he n lli p oceed f om he illegali of he ca e o objec of he con ac , and he ac con i e a c iminal offen e, bo h pa ie being in pa i delic o, he hall ha e no ac ion again each o he , and bo h hall be p o ec ed. Mo eo e , he p o i ion of he Penal Code ela i e o he di po al of effec o in men of a c ime hall be applicable o he hing o he p ice of he con ac . Thi le hall be applicable hen onl one of he pa ie i g il ; b gi en, and hall no be bo nd o compl i h hi p omi e. (1305) he innocen one ma claim ha he ha

Article 1412. If he ac in hich he nla f l o fo bidden ca e con i doe no con i e a c iminal offen e, he follo ing le hall be ob e ed: (1) When he fa l i on he pa of bo h con ac ing pa ie , nei he ma eco e ha he ha gi en b i e of he con ac , o demand he pe fo mance of he o he ' nde aking; (2) When onl one of he con ac ing pa ie i a fa l , he canno eco e ha he ha gi en b ea on of he con ac , o a k fo he f lfillmen of ha ha been p omi ed him. The o he , ho i no a fa l , ma demand he e n of ha he ha gi en i ho an obliga ion o compl hi p omi e. (1306) Article 1413. In e e paid in e ce of he in e e i h in e e he eon f om he da e of he pa men . allo ed b he la ma be eco e ed b he deb o ,

Article 1414. When mone i paid o p ope deli e ed fo an illegal p po e, he con ac ma be ep dia ed b one of he pa ie befo e he p po e ha been accompli hed, o befo e an damage ha been ca ed o a hi d pe on. In ch ca e, he co ma , if he p blic in e e ill h be b e ed, allo he pa ep dia ing he con ac o eco e he mone o p ope . Article 1415. Whe e one of he pa ie o an illegal con ac i incapable of gi ing con en , he co ma , if he in e e of j ice o demand allo eco e of mone o p ope deli e ed b he incapaci a ed pe on. Article 1416. When he ag eemen i no illegal pe e b i me el p ohibi ed, and he p ohibi ion b he la i de igned fo he p o ec ion of he plain iff, he ma , if p blic polic i he eb enhanced, eco e ha he ha paid o deli e ed.
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Ar icle 1417. Whe he e a i ga a

ice f a i e ce

a ic e c f he a i

di i de e i ed b a e, b a h i ice a ed a ec e ch e ce . he be a i fh h

f a , a

Ar icle 1418. Whe he a fi e , a h i e he fi i g f he a i i e e ed i he eb a ab e de a e ge ha addi i a c e ai f e ice e de ed be d he i e i i .

f ab , a d a c ac fi ed, he a de a d ac i

Ar icle 1419. Whe he a e , a h i e he e i g f a i i ag eed b hich a ab e acce a e age, he ha be e i ed Ar icle 1420. I ca e f a di i ib e c a be e f ced. Ar icle 1421. The defe affec ed. Ar icle 1422. A c ac e f i ega i hich i ac , if he i ega e fc ac i fa

age f ab e , a d a c ec e he deficie c . he ega ei ee

ca be e a a ed f hi d e ac , i a h

e , he a e ae di ec

a ai ab e e i

he di ec e

i ega c

id a d i e i e .

TITLE III NATURAL OBLIGATIONS Ar icle 1423. Ob iga i a e ci i Na a b iga i , bei g ba ed e f ce hei e f a ce, b af e bee de i e ed e de ed b ea Ar icle 1424. Whe ai ef e de ed. a igh he c e ac ca a a . Ci i b iga i gi e a igh f ac i c e hei e f a ce. ii e a b e i a d a a a ,d g a a igh f ac i a f fi e b he b ig , he a h i e he e e i f ha ha he e f. S e a a b iga i a e e f h i he f i g a ic e . a ci i b iga i ha a ed b e i c i e e c i i , he b ig h ec e ha he ha de i e ed he a e f he e ice he ha a deb ae hich he ai a c he ac h e igh

Ar icle 1425. Whe ih he edge agai he i f he deb , a hi d e a b ig i ega b d a beca e he ac i he e ha e c ibed, b he deb ei b e he hi d e , he b ig ca ec e ha he ha aid. Ar icle 1426. Whe a i be ee eigh ee a d e e ea e f age h

ha e e ed i

ih he c e f he a e g a dia , af e he a hi g ice ecei ed, i h a di g he fac ha he ha de a d he hi g ice h e ed.

f he c ac ai e bee be efi ed he eb , he e i

Ar icle 1427. Whe a i be ee eigh ee a d e - e ea f age, h ha e e ed i a c ac ih he c e f he a e g a dia , ai a a f e de i e a f gib e hi g i f fi e f he b iga i , he e ha be igh ec e he a e f he b igee h ha e c ed i i g d fai h. (1160A) Ar icle 1428. Whe , af e a ac i b iga i , he ca de a d he e ha e de ed. e f ce a ci i b iga i ha fai ed he defe da ai ef he f ha he ha de i e ed he a e f he a e f he e ice he ai a f i e ac f a deb f he decede e ceedi g he a e f he he e a e f he decea ed, he a e i a id

Ar icle 1429. Whe a e a e i e a e hei e hich he ecei ed b i b he a a d ca be e ci ded b he a e .

Ar icle 1430. Whe a i i dec a ed id beca e i ha bee e ec ed i acc da ce i h he f a i ie e i ed b a , b e f he i e a e hei , af e he e e e f he deb f he decea ed, a a egac i c ia ce i h a c a e i he defec i e i , he a e i effec i e a d i e cab e.

TITLE IV ESTOPPEL ( ) Ar icle 1431. Th gh e a d ca be de ied di Ar icle 1432. The i ci e f hi C de, he C de f C e a ad i i ed a agai e e e a i i e de ed c he e e i g he e . c i e i c he e f ic i h he a i gi, i i
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fe e a e he eb ad ed i fa a e ce, he R e f C a d ecia a

he a e .

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R.A. 386

f hi C de, he C de f C Article 1433. E e a i

e ce, he R e ai b deed.

fC

a d

ecia a

.

Article 1434. Whe a e h i he ga ac i e i e he e , ch i e a Article 1435. If a e i e hi i e a agai Article 1436. A e e bai . ee

e e b

f a hi g e eai f a e

a ie a e a d de i e i , a d a e he b e g a ee. e ca

he e e e he

e e e ai f a he he b e g a ee. ed f a

a ie a e a hi g, he f he hi g ea ed

b e

a bai ee i e

e i g i e

ecei ed, a agai

Article 1437. Whe i a c ac be ee hi d e c ce i g i ab e e , e f he i i ed b a e i h e ec he e hi ea igh e he ea e a e, he a e i ec ded f a e i g hi ega i e i e e he ei , ided a he e e i i e a e e e : (1) The e (2) The a (3) The a (4) The a be f a d e ec ded i ed def a ded e e e ai i e d ha he ha e bee he gf h c cea e f fac he fac a he a i e e e ed; e ed;

d ac e fac ; a d

a a e f he

ha e ac ed i acc da ce i h he

i e e e ai

.

Article 1438. O e h ha a f a i ga a fe f i , ca i e defea he edge f he f a e. Article 1439. E

ed a he a ea ae e hi f e a e f he e , if he ecei ed he f hich a edge ha bee c i ed, e hi e , ade b he he a edgee h ecei ed he a e i g d fai h a d a be ee he a ie he e hei cce i i ee .

e i effec i e

TITLE V TRUSTS ( )

CHAPTER 1 General Provisions Article 1440. A e h e ab i he a i ca ed he e f he be efi f a he e i a he bee c ea ed i efe ed a he be eficia . Article 1441. T he a ie . I ied a e ei he e c ei e i bei g b ied. E eai e f a . ; ei h ee; a d he e a e c ea ed b he a e ed. c f fide ce i e ed a h e be efi he f he ega d ha f

he i e i f ic

Article 1442. The i ci e f he ge e a a f ,i fa a fC e ce, he R e f C a d ecia a a e he eb ad

i c

i h hi C de, he C de

CHAPTER 2 E press Trusts Article 1443. N e ide ce. Article 1444. N c ea i e ded. e e c ce i g a i ed f i ab e a fa e i ee e he ei a be fficie , e e ed b ha a he c c a di i a i

a ic a

d ae e

he c ea i ee a .

, i bei g he de ig a i e a .

Article 1445. N h d a ea i he i

ha fai beca e he e c i i g he

i ed dec i e

Article 1446. Acce a ce b he be eficia i he be eficia , hi acce a ce ha be
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ece a . Ne e he e e ed, if he e i

, if he i f he c

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CHAPTER 3 Implied T A icle 1447. The e ge e a a f ,b eai f he f i g ca e f i ied d e e c de he i i a i aid d i a ic e 1442 ha be a icab e. he e ab i hed b he

A icle 1448. The e i a i ied he e i d, a d he ega e a e i g a ed e a b he ice i aid b a he f he e f ha i g he be eficia i e e f he e . The f e i he ee, hi e he a e i he be eficia . H e e , if he e h he i e i c e ed i a chi d, egi i a e i egi i a e, f he e a i g he ice f he a e, i i ied b a , i bei g di ab e ed ha he e i a gif i fa f he chi d. A icle 1449. The e i a a i ied he a d a i i ade ega e a e i a i ed he d ee, he e e he e i ei he he e f. A icle 1450. If he ice f a a e f c e a ce i ade he e de a fa c f he e h he e i e ac e a ce he e f hi . e a e ha e b i a ea ha a h be eficia i e e he be efi ai e b a edee be gh he a a

i a ed aid b e e f ec e he a e f he deb , a a ed f h i i aid. The a e

f a he a d he eai f a i he i e a d

A icle 1451. Whe a d a e b f a he , a i e ab i hed b i A icle 1452. If he a e f e f he he i e e f each. A icle 1453. Whe a fe i a he f

cce i ica i

a f a f

e a d he ca he be efi f he

e he ega i e e e. e

he a e a e i i

e e ag ee cha e e a db c c he be efi f a , a i c ea ed b f ce f a i fa e ied i

he ega i e i f he he i

e i c e ed a he g a , he e i a i

e ia ce hi dec a ed i e i h d i f , i fa f he e h e be efi i c e a ed. i b iga i ffe ed

A icle 1454. If a ab ec e a ce f e i ade i de ec e he e f a ce f a f he g a a d he g a ee, a b i e f a i e ab i hed. If he f fi e f he b iga i b he g a he i bec e d e, he a de a d he ec e a ce f he e hi . A icle 1455. Whe a ee, g a dia he e h di g a fid cia ea i cha e f e a d ca e he c e a ce be ade hi a hi d e eai f a i fa f he e h he f d be g. A icle 1456. If e i c ide ed a ee f a i A icle 1457. A i ied ac i ed h gh i a e f a d, he ied f he be efi f he e f a be ed b a e ide ce. e h hi ,a e

f d f he i e ab i hed b f a ,

b ai i g i i , b f ce he e c e .

TITLE VI SALES

Na

CHAPTER 1 e and Fo m of he Con ac ac i g a ie b iga e hi he ef a ice ce ai i ef e a i e fe he i ae . e hi a d

A icle 1458. B he c ac f a e e f he c de i e a de e i a e hi g, a d he he a Ac ac f ae a be ab e c di i

a . (1445a) ha e a igh de ig a ed a h fe he ica e hi he e f a he i e a he f he

A icle 1459. The hi g i i de i e ed. ( ) A icle 1460. A hi g i de e a e ca .

be ici a d he e d i a e he i i a ic a

eg ega ed f

The e i i e ha a hi g be de e i a e i a i fied if a he i e he c ac i e e ed i , he hi g i ca ab e f bei g ade de e i a e i h he ece i fa e f he ag ee e be ee he a ie . ( )
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R.A. 386

Ar icle 1461. T T . T Ar icle 1462. T , , T .( ) Ar icle 1463. T Ar icle 1464. I , .B , , .( ) Ar icle 1465. T Ar icle 1466. I , Ar icle 1467. A , , , Ar icle 1468. I , ; Ar icle 1469. I , S . I W , . , , . (1446 ) , .( ) , . I , , , , , .( ) T " , ." , , .( )

.

,

, , , .I , .( ) .( ) , , ,

. ,

, , . (1447 )

Ar icle 1470. G , Ar icle 1471. I , Ar icle 1472. T . (1448) Ar icle 1473. T , Ar icle 1474. W
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, .( ) , .( ) , , , , , , .H . (1449 ) ,
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, , ,

,

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Ar icle 1474. W ,

R.A. 386

, .W .( )

. H

,

Ar icle 1475. T . F Ar icle 1476. I (1) W (2) A . U . (3) A . (4) W , . A .( ) Ar icle 1477. T .( ) Ar icle 1478. T .( ) Ar icle 1479. A A . (1451 ) Ar icle 1480. A , T , S , . (1452 ) Ar icle 1481. I , . T Ar icle 1482. W . (1454 ) Ar icle 1483. S , .( ) Ar icle 1484. I : (1) E
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

, . (1450 ) : ,

,

. , , ;

, ,

.

, 1163 , , . , , , , ,

, 1165, , , ,

1262.

.( ) , S , F , , , , ;
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(2) C (3) F

,

' , . I .A ,

; , ' . (1454-

A- ) Article 1485. T , Article 1486. I .( ) Article 1487. T . (1455 ) Article 1488. T . (1456) , , . (1454-A- )

CHAPTER 2 Capacit to Bu or Sell Article 1489. A , W .N Article 1490. T (1) W (2) W Article 1491. T : (1) T (2) A (3) E (4) P ; ; (5) J , , , , ; , ; (6) A Article 1492. T .( ) . (1459 ) , , , ; , , , , , , S ; , , , ; , 290. (1457 ) , : ; 191. (1458 ) , C . , ,

CHAPTER 3 Effects of the Contract When the Thing Sold Has Been Lost
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Article 1493. I , B , Article 1494. W , (1) A (2) A ; ,

, . . (1460 ) , :

, , .( )

CHAPTER 4 Obligations of the Vendor

SECTION 1 General Provisions Article 1495. T . (1461 ) Article 1496. T 1497 1501, .( ) ,

SECTION 2 Deliver of the Thing Sold Article 1497. T . (1462 ) Article 1498. W , . W Article 1499. T , . (1463 ) Article 1500. T Article 1501. W .I . (1464) Article 1502. W , , W : (1) W ;
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, ,

, . (1463 ) , .( ) , , , " .( ) , , " , , , ' , 1498

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(2) I , , .( ) Ar icle 1503. W . W , . W , , , ,

, , .W , .T , , ,

, . B , , '

, , .

W , , . I, , , .( ) Ar icle 1504. U , , (1) W , ; (2) W .( ) Ar icle 1505. S , , ' N (1) T (2) T ; (3) P C Ar icle 1506. W , ' Ar icle 1507. A , Ar icle 1508. A
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(1) W ; (2) W

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W , , .( ) Ar icle 1509. A . S .I , Ar icle 1510. I , , T , " ," Ar icle 1511. A . A Ar icle 1512. A (1) B (2) B , .( ) Ar icle 1513. A (1) S ; (2) T .( ) Ar icle 1514. A , I , . P , . ( ) Ar icle 1515. W , .T .( ) Ar icle 1516. A
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: (1) T (2) T (3) T (4) T , .( ) Ar icle 1517. T .( ) Ar icle 1518. T , , , , , Ar icle 1519. I , .( ) Ar icle 1520. A .( ) Ar icle 1521. W , , , . W , W ' D . U .( ) Ar icle 1522. W , , . I, . W .I . W , .
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I T .( ) Ar icle 1523. W , , U , , ,

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, , , , , .I , , . , , , , , . (1466) T ; , , , . " .( ) " , T , , : ; , ; T ; T . , .( ) , , : , , . , 1503,

U .( ) Ar icle 1524. T Ar icle 1525. T (1) W (2) W

I ,

1525

1535

Ar icle 1526. S , (1) A (2) I (3) A (4) A W ,

Ar icle 1527. S (1) W (2) W (3) W T .( ) Ar icle 1528. W , .( )
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T

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R.A. 386

: ;

(2) W (3) B T Ar icle 1530. S . , .( ) T , ,

;

, , , .( ) ,

Ar icle 1531. G (1) F , ; (2) I G (1) I ; (2) I , ; ; (3) I . I . I , , , , , , , , , , . : , , ,

: , , ,

,

, .( )

Ar icle 1532. T .S , , W , . I, , .( ) Ar icle 1533. W , , .H , . W I , , .
137/210

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,

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I .B ,

R.A. 386

. I . T .H Ar icle 1534. A , , .T . T .I , .( ) Ar icle 1535. S , . I, , , , Ar icle 1536. T 1198. (1467 ) Ar icle 1537. T . A Ar icle 1538. I , Ar icle 1539. T , I , ; T . T N , Ar icle 1540. I , , , Ar icle 1541. T Ar icle 1542. I ,
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R.A. 386

, ; , , ; , , . (1471) , ,

, Article 1543. T . (1472 ) Article 1544. I , S R S ; (1473) , P , , , . 1539 1542 ,

,

.

,

.

SECTION 3 Conditions and Warranties Article 1545. W , , . W , .( ) Article 1546. A , ' Article 1547. I (1) A , ; (2) A . T , , , .( ) SUBSECTION 1. Warrant in Case of Eviction Article 1548. E , T T Article 1549. T .( ) Article 1550. W
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. (1475 )

,

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, Article 1551. I , Article 1552. T .( ) Article 1553. A . (1476) Article 1554. I . (1477) Article 1555. W , (1) T ; (2) T (3) T ; (4) T (5) T Article 1556. S , ; . H T , (1479 ) Article 1557. T . (1480) Article 1558. T . (1481 ) Article 1559. T , Article 1560. I , , .N P W O , , . , . (1483 ) , , . (1482 ) , ' , , , , , ; , , , .( )

.( )

, , , .S , , : , ; , ,

. (1478) , ,

. , . , , R , R . , , C ,

SUBSECTION 2. Warrant Against Hidden Defects of or Encumbrances Upon the Thing Sold Article 1561. T , , ;
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, . (1484 ) Ar icle 1562. I : (1) W ; (2) W ( .( ) Ar icle 1563. I , Ar icle 1564. A .( ) Ar icle 1565. I .( ) Ar icle 1566. T . T . (1485) Ar icle 1567. I (1486 ) Ar icle 1568. I , . I Ar icle 1569. I , . I Ar icle 1570. T Ar icle 1571. A . (1490) Ar icle 1572. I , T Ar icle 1573. T . (1492) Ar icle 1574. T . (1493 ) Ar icle 1575. T A
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,

, . . (1494 )

,

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, A icle 1576. I B . (1495) A icle 1577. T T . (1496 ) A icle 1578. I , . , ,

R.A. 386

. (1494 ) , , , , .

, . (1497 ) , , , . (1499)

A icle 1579. I , . (1498) A icle 1580. I 1567; A icle 1581. T

.( )

CHAPTER 5 Obliga ion of he Vendee A icle 1582. T . I . (1500 ) A icle 1583. U W , , , , , .( ) A icle 1584. W , , . U , . W , " , .( ) A icle 1585. T , , A icle 1586. I
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.B , , , A icle 1587. U , .I A icle 1588. I , .( ) A icle 1589. T , (1) S (2) S (3) S (1501 ) A icle 1590. S , : ; ,

R.A. 386

, ,

.( ) , , , 1523, ' .( ) ,

; . , , , , , . (1502 ) .A , ,

A icle 1591. S , S A icle 1592. I , .A A icle 1593. W , , , , , , ,

. 1191 . (1503) , , , , . (1505) , . (1504 ) ,

CHAPTER 6 Ac ion fo B each of Con ac of Sale of Good A icle 1594. A C , ( ) A icle 1595. W , , , . W , , , .B . A 1596, , , .T .( )
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T

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,

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Article 1596. W . T ' W , I, , , ' Article 1597. W , Article 1598. W , . T , Article 1599. W (1) A ; (2) A ; (3) R ; (4) R , . W , W , , , , , , , , , : , .T .( ) , , . , , . ,

,

,

,

, .( ) , , .( ) ,

1191.

.B , . W .I , . W , , 1526. (5) I , .( ) , , , , , , ,

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CHAPTER 7 E tinguishment of Sale

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E tinguishment of Sale Article 1600. S T , , . (1506)

R.A. 386

SECTION 1 Conventional Redemption Article 1601. C , . (1507) ARTICLE 1602. T : (1) W (2) W (3) W ; (4) W (5) W (6) I . I Article 1603. I .( ) Article 1604. T Article 1605. I .( ) Article 1606. T . S H , . (1508 ) Article 1607. I , Article 1608. T , M Article 1609. T Article 1610. T . (1512) Article 1611. I 498, . (1513) Article 1612. I , T . (1514)
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; ;

, , 1602

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.( ) 1602 1601, 1604, , .

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, 1616 .( ) R P , L L R ' L . (1511) , , , , . , . (1510)

,

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Ar icle 1613. I

, ; . (1515)

, , ,

Ar icle 1614. E

. (1516)

Ar icle 1615. I , B Ar icle 1616. T , (1) T (2) T Ar icle 1617. I . S ,

, , , . (1517) : , . (1518) , , , , , . (1519 ) , . (1520) , ; .

Ar icle 1618. T ,

SECTION 2 Legal Redemp ion Ar icle 1619. L , Ar icle 1620. A , . S Ar icle 1621. T , T . I ; . (1523 ) ARTICLE 1622. W , . I W
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A icle 1623. The igh of legal p e-emp ion o edemp ion hall no be e e ci ed e cep i hin hi da f om he no ice in i ing b he p o pec i e endo , o b he endo , a he ca e ma be. The deed of ale hall no be eco ded in he Regi of P ope , nle accompanied b an affida i of he endo ha he ha gi en i en no ice he eof o all po ible edemp ione . The igh of edemp ion of co-o ne e cl de ha of adjoining o ne . (1524a)

A

ignmen of C edi

CHAPTER 8 and O he Inco po eal Righ hall be pe fec ed in acco dance i h he

A icle 1624. An a ignmen of c edi o p o i ion of a icle 1475. (n)

and o he inco po eal igh

A icle 1625. An a ignmen of a c edi , igh o ac ion hall p od ce no effec a again hi d pe on , nle i appea in a p blic in men , o he in men i eco ded in he Regi of P ope in ca e he a ignmen in ol e eal p ope . (1526) A icle 1626. The deb o ho, befo e ha ing kno ledge of he a f om he obliga ion. (1527) A icle 1627. The a ignmen of a c edi incl de all he acce o p efe ence. (1528) o ignmen , pa hi c edi o hall be elea ed

igh ,

ch a a g a an , mo gage, pledge

A icle 1628. The endo in good fai h hall be e pon ible fo he e i ence and legali of he c edi a he ime of he ale, nle i ho ld ha e been old a do b f l; b no fo he ol enc of he deb o , nle i ha been oe pe l ip la ed o nle he in ol enc a p io o he ale and of common kno ledge. E en in he e ca e he hall onl be liable fo 1616. The endo in bad fai h hall al a be an he p ice ecei ed and fo he e pen e pecified in No. 1 of a icle

e able fo he pa men of all e pen e , and fo damage . (1529)

A icle 1629. In ca e he a igno in good fai h ho ld ha e made him elf e pon ible fo he ol enc of he deb o , and he con ac ing pa ie ho ld no ha e ag eed pon he d a ion of he liabili , i hall la fo one ea onl , f om he ime of he a ignmen if he pe iod had al ead e pi ed. If he c edi ho ld be pa able af e he ma i . (1530a) i hin a e m o pe iod hich ha no e e pi ed, he liabili hall cea e one ea

A icle 1630. One ho ell an inhe i ance i ho an e able fo hi cha ac e a an hei . (1531)

en me a ing he hing of

hich i i compo ed, hall onl be

A icle 1631. One ho ell fo a l mp m he hole of ce ain igh , en , o p od c , hall compl b an e ing fo he legi imac of he hole in gene al; b he hall no be obliged o a an each of he a io pa of hich i ma be compo ed, e cep in he ca e of e ic ion f om he hole o he pa of g ea e al e. (1532a) A icle 1632. Sho ld he endo ha e p ofi ed b old, he hall pa he endee he eof, if he con a ome of he f i o ecei ed an hing f om he inhe i ance ha no been ip la ed. (1533) he an he he

A icle 1633. The endee hall, on hi pa , eimb e he endo fo all ha he la e ma ha e paid fo deb of and cha ge on he e a e and a i f he c edi he ma ha e again he ame, nle he e i ag eemen o he con a . (1534) ARTICLE 1634. When a c edi o o he inco po eal igh in li iga ion i old, deb o hall ha e a igh o e ing i h i b eimb ing he a ignee fo he p ice he la e paid he efo , j dicial co inc ed b him, and he in e e on he p ice f om he da on hich he ame a paid. A c edi o o he inco po eal igh i an e ed. The deb o ma e e ci e hi igh

hall be con ide ed in li iga ion f om he ime he complain conce ning he ame i hin hi da f om he da e he a ignee demand pa men f om him. (1535) ignmen o ale made:

A icle 1635. F om he p o i ion of he p eceding a icle hall be e cep ed he a (1) To a co-hei o co-o ne of he igh a
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;

R.A. 386

.

CHAPTER 9 General Pro isions Article 1636. I : (1) "D , , . "G T "O "Q "S A (2) A . (3) G , Article 1637. T R L " , T . (1537 ) " T .( ) M L L " , T , , . " " " " . . " . . P . " , , , , ," ," T ,

TITLE VII BARTER OR EXCHANGE Article 1638. B ' Article 1639. I , . (1539 ) Article 1640. O , .H , , . (1540 ) Article 1641. A T . (1541 ) T , , . (1538 ) , ,

TITLE VIII LEASE

CHAPTER 1
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CHAPTER 1 Gene al P o i ion ARTICLE 1642. T ARTICLE 1643. I , ARTICLE 1644. I , , . (1544 ) ARTICLE 1645. C , . (1545 ) . (1543 ) , .H , , . (1542)

R.A. 386

CHAPTER 2 Lea e of R al and U ban Land

SECTION 1 Gene al P o i ion A icle 1646. T .( ) A icle 1647. I : , A icle 1648. E . (1549 ) A icle 1649. T .( ) A icle 1650. W , . (1550) A icle 1651. W . (1551) A icle 1652. T , , P , A icle 1653. T . I . (1553) , , T S , . , . (1552 ) ' . H , , , , , R P .U R P , ' . (1548 ) , , 1490 1491,

Righ A icle 1654. T (1) T ; :

SECTION 2 and Obliga ion of he Le

o and he Le

ee

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(2) T , (3) T . (1554 ) Ar icle 1655. I , .( ) Ar icle 1656. T , Ar icle 1657. T (1) T (2) T , ; (3) T Ar icle 1658. T .( ) Ar icle 1659. I , . (1556) Ar icle 1660. I , , .( ) Ar icle 1661. T . (1557 ) Ar icle 1662. I , I W , . (1558 ) Ar icle 1663. T . H 1654. I . I ' Ar icle 1664. T ; T
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1654

1657, ,

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Ar icle 1665. T (1561 ) Ar icle 1666. I , (1562) Ar icle 1667. T .T , Ar icle 1668. T . (1564 ) Ar icle 1669. I . (1565) Ar icle 1670. I , ,

R.A. 386

, ,

,

, .

,

, , . (1563 )

.

,

,

, , 1687. T .( ) , . (1567) : , 1682 ; ; , . (1566 ) , '

1682 Ar icle 1671. I , Ar icle 1672. I Ar icle 1673. T (1) W 1687, (2) L (3) V (4) W ; . T Ar icle 1674. I , ;

N .2 . (1569 ) ' .T

1657,

539, ,

, '

.( ) Ar icle 1675. E 1682 Ar icle 1676. T P I I , .T , Ar icle 1677. T . (1572) Ar icle 1678. I ,
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, -

, , .S
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R.A. 386

.S , . , , .( ) ,

A icle 1679. I 1251 . (1574) ; ,

SECTION 3 Special P o i ion fo Lea e of R A icle 1680. T , . E , A icle 1681. N , A icle 1682. T , A icle 1683. T ; , A icle 1684. L . (1579 ) A icle 1685. T . (1576) , : , ,

al Land ; , , , , . (1575) ,

, , . (1577 ) , , . (1578 ) , .( ) ,

SECTION 4 Special P o i ion fo he Lea e of U ban Land A icle 1686. I . (1580 ) A icle 1687. I ; , , . I , .I . (1581 ) A icle 1688. W , , , . (1582) , , , , .H , , ; , , , ; , , .I

CHAPTER 3 Wo k and Labo
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Ho A icle 1689. H .S . A icle 1690. T A icle 1691. I

SECTION 1 ehold Se ice ( ) .A ' , . , . T , , , ,

' A icle 1692. N . A icle 1693. T A icle 1694. T

,

. .H , , . .I . .E

'

. H

A icle 1695. H ' A icle 1696. I A icle 1697. I , , , . A icle 1698. I , : (1) I ; (2) I , (3) I , A icle 1699. U . , , . , , , , . I , . , ,

.

.I ,

,

; ,

SECTION 2 Con ac of Labo ( ) A icle 1700. T . T , . A icle 1701. N . A icle 1702. I , .
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Ar icle 1703. N . Ar icle 1704. I Ar icle 1705. T Ar icle 1706. W Ar icle 1707. T Ar icle 1708. T , , Ar icle 1709. T Ar icle 1710. D Ar icle 1711. O , .T .I , W . Ar icle 1712. I .I , , ' . ' ' , , , , , ' ' . ' , , , . .

,

,

. . , . G , .

' . , ,

SECTION 3 Con rac for a Piece of Work Ar icle 1713. B , , Ar icle 1714. I . T .( ) Ar icle 1715. T .S , , , Ar icle 1716. A .( ) Ar icle 1717. I , Ar icle 1718. T , , , Ar icle 1719. A : (1) T .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html , , . (1590 ) , ; , . (1589) , , .I ' .( ) ' . I .T . (1588 ) ,

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(1) T (2) T Ar icle 1720. T .I , Ar icle 1721. I , , T , Ar icle 1722. I , ,

,

, .( ) , , , , . .( )

;

, ,

, .( ) , , ,

.( ) Ar icle 1723. T , , , , , A T Ar icle 1724. T , (1) S (2) T Ar icle 1725. T , , Ar icle 1726. W . I , T Ar icle 1727. T Ar icle 1728. T .( ) Ar icle 1729. T .H (1) P (2) R T Ar icle 1730. I .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html . (1597 ) ,
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. (1594 )

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:

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Article 1730. I . I . (1598 ) Article 1731. H (1600) , ,

,

.

SECTION 4 Common Carriers ( ) SUBSECTION 1. General Pro isions Article 1732. C . Article 1733. C , S N . 5, 6, 7, 1755 1756. SUBSECTION 2. Vigilance O er Goods Article 1734. C : (1) F (2) A (3) A (4) T (5) O Article 1735. I , , Article 1736. T , , , Article 1737. T ' , . Article 1738. T , . Article 1739. I .H , , N . 2.
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, , , .

, , , , , ,

1734, 1735,

1745,

, , , , ; , ;

, ;

,

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; . N . 1, 2, 3, 4, , 1733. 5 ,

, 1738.

,

, , , , .T 1734, ,

Article 1740. I

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Ar icle 1740. I . Ar icle 1741. I , Ar icle 1742. E , . Ar icle 1743. I , Ar icle 1744. A , : (1) I (2) S (3) R Ar icle 1745. A : (1) T (2) T (3) T (4) T ; (5) T (6) T , (7) T , . Ar icle 1746. A Ar icle 1747. I , , Ar icle 1748. A Ar icle 1749. A , Ar icle 1750. A , . Ar icle 1751. T ' Ar icle 1752. E , .
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Article 1753. T , Article 1754. T 1733 1753 .A . . ' , 1998 2000 2003

SUBSECTION 3. Safet of Passengers Article 1755. A , Article 1756. I , 1733 1755. 1733 , , , T Article 1759. C ' T . Article 1760. T , Article 1761. T Article 1762. T , . Article 1763. A , ' . SUBSECTION 4. Common Provisions Article 1764. D B , Article 1765. T , Article 1766. I C C S D P S .A . C 2206 , S C , . . , T XVIII , ' , . . , . . ' . , ' , Article 1757. T 1755 . Article 1758. W , , .

TITLE IX PARTNERSHIP

CHAPTER 1 General Provisions Article 1767. B
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,
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R.A. 386

, . . (1665 )

,

, 1772, .( ) : , 1825, ; ; , , ; -

Ar icle 1769. I (1) E (2) C (3) T (4) T , ( )A ( )A ( )A ( )A ( )A .( ) Ar icle 1770. A . W S , ;

:

; ; ;

, ,

, . (1666 )

P

C ,

Ar icle 1771. A , Ar icle 1772. E , C . F .( ) Ar icle 1773. A , Ar icle 1774. A .( ) Ar icle 1775. A , , , ,

. (1667 ) , O S E

, . (1668 ) .T , , , .

Ar icle 1776. A A Ar icle 1777. A Ar icle 1778. A , . (1673) Ar icle 1779. I .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html , ,

. (1669)

. (1671 ) . (1672) , ,

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Article 1779. I , . A , . (1674 ) Article 1780. A . M , Article 1781. A . (1676) Article 1782. P . (1677) Article 1783. A , , ,

, , ; ,

. (1675) ,

, . (1678)

,

CHAPTER 2 Obligations of the Partners

SECTION 1 Obligations of the Partners Among Themsel es Article 1784. A . (1679) Article 1785. W , , A , ( ) Article 1786. E . H , .H . (1681 ) Article 1787. W , , .( ) Article 1788. A . T . (1682) Article 1789. A ; .( ) Article 1790. U .( ) .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html ,
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.( ) Ar icle 1791. I , , Ar icle 1792. I , , ; . T 1252, Ar icle 1793. A , Ar icle 1794. E .H Ar icle 1795. T I , . (1687) Ar icle 1796. T , , Ar icle 1797. T , I , , Ar icle 1798. I , , , T Ar icle 1799. A (1691) Ar icle 1800. T , . T . A Ar icle 1801. I , , , . (1693 ) Ar icle 1802. I .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html
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. (1684) , , , , , . (1685 ) , , , , , , . I , , , . (1686 ) , . , '

;

. (1688 ) .I . .A .I . (1689 ) .I . . (1690) . , ,

;

. (1692 )

, .I ,

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Article 1802. I , , . (1694) Article 1803. W (1) A , (2) N , , . (1695 ) Article 1804. E , . (1696) Article 1805. T , .( ) Article 1806. P .( ) Article 1807. E , Article 1808. T , A , Article 1809. A (1) I ; (2) I (3) A (4) W 1807; .( ) ; .( ) : . , , .( ) , , , 1801. , . B , ' , : ,

SECTION 2 Propert Rights of a Partner Article 1810. T (1) H (2) H (3) H Article 1811. A T (1) A , : T ; ; (2) A ' ;
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(3) A ,

' .W , ; ' ' , , , .H . , , .( ) ' , .( )

, ,

(4) A Article 1812. A Article 1813. A , , ,

291. ( )

, ;

I Article 1814. W

1827, , , , , , , , , . : ;

,

T , (1) W (2) W N T .( ) , , . , ;

,

,

SECTION 3 Obligations of the Partners ith Regard to Third Persons Article 1815. E . T , .( ) Article 1816. A , , , .( ) Article 1817. A .( ) Article 1818. E , , . A . E :
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(1) A ; (2) D (3) D (4) C (5) E (6) S (7) R N .( ) Ar icle 1819. W ; ' , W , W , ' 1818, W , , 1818. W .( ) Ar icle 1820. A T Ar icle 1821. N , , .( ) Ar icle 1822. W , , .( ) Ar icle 1823. T (1) W ; (2) W : , , , , , , , 1818. , , , , . ; ; ; ;

'

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1818, . ,

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. ( ) Ar icle 1824. A 1822 Ar icle 1825. W 1823. ( ) , , ,
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, ,

R.A. 386

, , , , :

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(1) W (2) W W ,

, , , . , , .W ; .( ) , , ,

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A icle 1826. A , , .( ) A icle 1827. T .W , .( )

Di A icle 1828. T

ol

CHAPTER 3 ion and Winding Up .( )

A icle 1829. O .( ) A icle 1830. D (1) W ( )B ( )B ; ( )B , ; ( ) B ; (2) I , (3) B ; (4) W ; , ; (5) B ; , , :

,

: ; ,

, ;

, ;

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(6) B (7) B (8) B Ar icle 1831. O (1) A (2) A (3) A (4) A ; (5) T (6) O O (1) A (2) A .( ) Ar icle 1832. E , (1) W ( )W ( )W ; (2) W Ar icle 1833. W : (1) T ; (2) T . Ar icle 1834. A : (1) B ; (2) B : ( )H ; ( ) T , , , , , , , , , , ' . ; . (1700

;

1701 ) : ; ; ; ,

;

1813 ;

1814:

:

; , 1834. ( ) , 1833

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, ( . , N . 2, :

)

T
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ch pa ne had been p io o di ol ion: (1) Unkno n a a pa ne o he pe on i h hom he con ac i made; and (2) So fa nkno n and inac i e in pa ne hip affai ha he b ine no be aid o ha e been in an deg ee d e o hi connec ion i h i . The pa ne hip i in no ca e bo nd b an ac of a pa ne af e di ol ion: (1) Whe e he pa ne hip i di ol ed beca e i i app op ia e fo inding p pa ne hip affai ; o (2) Whe e he pa ne ha become in ol en ; o (3) Whe e he pa ne ha no a ho i o ind p pa ne hip affai ; e cep b a an ac ion i h one ho o di ol ion and had no kno ledge o no ice of hi nla f l o ca on he b ine , nle he ac i ep a ion of he pa ne hip co ld

(a) Had e ended c edi o he pa ne hip p io an of a ho i ; o

(b) Had no e ended c edi o he pa ne hip p io o di ol ion, and, ha ing no kno ledge o no ice of hi an of a ho i , he fac of hi an of a ho i ha no been ad e i ed in he manne p o ided fo ad e i ing he fac of di ol ion in he fi pa ag aph, No. 2 (b). No hing in hi a icle hall affec he liabili nde a icle 1825 of an pe on ho af e di ol ion ep e en him elf o con en o ano he ep e en ing him a a pa ne in a pa ne hip engaged in ca ing on b ine . (n) Ar icle 1835. The di ol ion of he pa ne hip doe no of i elf di cha ge he e i ing liabili of an pa ne .

A pa ne i di cha ged f om an e i ing liabili pon di ol ion of he pa ne hip b an ag eemen o ha effec be een him elf, he pa ne hip c edi o and he pe on o pa ne hip con in ing he b ine ; and ch ag eemen ma be infe ed f om he co e of dealing be een he c edi o ha ing kno ledge of he di ol ion and he pe on o pa ne hip con in ing he b ine . The indi id al p ope of a decea ed pa ne hall be liable fo all obliga ion of he pa ne hip inc a a pa ne , b bjec o he p io pa men of hi epa a e deb . (n) ed hile he

Ar icle 1836. Unle o he i e ag eed, he pa ne ho ha e no ongf ll di ol ed he pa ne hip o he legal ep e en a i e of he la i ing pa ne , no in ol en , ha he igh o ind p he pa ne hip affai , p o ided, ho e e , ha an pa ne , hi legal ep e en a i e o hi a ignee, pon ca e ho n, ma ob ain inding p b he co . (n) Ar icle 1837. When di ol ion i ca ed in an a , e cep in con a en ion of he pa ne hip ag eemen , each pa ne , a again hi co-pa ne and all pe on claiming h o gh hem in e pec of hei in e e in he pa ne hip, nle o he i e ag eed, ma ha e he pa ne hip p ope applied o di cha ge i liabili ie , and he pl applied o pa in ca h he ne amo n o ing o he e pec i e pa ne . B if di ol ion i ca ed b e p l ion of a pa ne , bona fide nde he pa ne hip ag eemen and if he e pelled pa ne i di cha ged f om all pa ne hip liabili ie , ei he b pa men o ag eemen nde he econd pa ag aph of a icle 1835, he hall ecei e in ca h onl he ne amo n d e him f om he pa ne hip. When di ol ion i ca follo : (1) Each pa ne ed in con a en ion of he pa ne hip ag eemen ho ha no ca ed di ol ion ongf ll hall ha e: he igh of he pa ne hall be a

(a) All he igh

pecified in he fi

pa ag aph of hi a icle, and ho ha ca ed he di ol ion ongf ll , o damage b each

(b) The igh , a again of he ag eemen .

each pa ne

(2) The pa ne ho ha e no ca ed he di ol ion ongf ll , if he all de i e o con in e he b ine in he ame name ei he b hem el e o join l i h o he , ma do o, d ing he ag eed e m fo he pa ne hip and fo ha p po e ma po e he pa ne hip p ope , p o ided he ec e he pa men b bond app o ed b he co , o pa an pa ne ho ha ca ed he di ol ion ongf ll , he al e of hi in e e in he pa ne hip a he di ol ion, le an damage eco e able nde he econd pa ag aph, No. 1 (b) of hi a icle, and in like manne indemnif him again all p e en o f e pa ne hip liabili ie .
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(3) A pa ne

ho ha ca

ed he di ol ion

ongf ll

hall ha e:

(a) If he b ine i no con in ed nde he p o i ion of he econd pa ag aph, No. 2, all he igh of a pa ne nde he fi pa ag aph, bjec o liabili fo damage in he econd pa ag aph, No. 1 (b), of hi a icle. (b) If he b ine i con in ed nde he econd pa ag aph, No. 2, of hi a icle, he igh a again hi co-pa ne and all claiming h o gh hem in e pec of hei in e e in he pa ne hip, o ha e he al e of hi in e e in he pa ne hip, le an damage ca ed o hi co-pa ne b he di ol ion, a ce ained and paid o him in ca h, o he pa men ec ed b a bond app o ed b he co , and o be elea ed f om all e i ing liabili ie of he pa ne hip; b in a ce aining he al e of he pa ne ' in e e he al e of he good- ill of he b ine hall no be con ide ed. (n) Ar icle 1838. Whe e a pa ne hip con ac i e cinded on he g o nd of he f a d o mi ep e en a ion of one of he pa ie he e o, he pa en i led o e cind i , i ho p ej dice o an o he igh , en i led: (1) To a lien on, o igh of e en ion of, he pl of he pa ne hip p ope af e a i f ing he pa ne hip liabili ie o hi d pe on fo an m of mone paid b him fo he p cha e of an in e e in he pa ne hip and fo an capi al o ad ance con ib ed b him; (2) To and, af e all liabili ie o hi d pe on ha e been a i fied, in he place of he c edi o pa ne hip fo an pa men made b him in e pec of he pa ne hip liabili ie ; and (3) To be indemnified b he pe on g il liabili ie of he pa ne hip. (n) of he f a d o making he ep e en a ion again af e di ol ion, he follo ing le all deb of he and

Ar icle 1839. In e ling acco n be een he pa ne bjec o an ag eemen o he con a : (1) The a e of he pa ne hip a e: , nece a

hall be ob e ed,

(a) The pa ne hip p ope

(b) The con ib ion of he pa ne

fo he pa men of all he liabili ie :

pecified in No. 2.

(2) The liabili ie of he pa ne hip hall ank in o de of pa men , a follo (a) Tho e o ing o c edi o (b) Tho e o ing o pa ne (c) Tho e o ing o pa ne (d) Tho e o ing o pa ne (3) The a e he liabili ie . (4) The pa ne o he han pa ne , o he han fo capi al and p ofi , in e pec of capi al, in e pec of p ofi .

hall be applied in he o de of hei decla a ion in No. 1 of hi a icle o he a i fac ion of hall con ib e, a p o ided b a icle 1797, he amo n nece a o ai f he liabili ie . o

(5) An a ignee fo he benefi of c edi o o an pe on appoin ed b enfo ce he con ib ion pecified in he p eceding n mbe .

he co

hall ha e he igh

(6) An pa ne o hi legal ep e en a i e hall ha e he igh o enfo ce he con ib ion 4, o he e en of he amo n hich he ha paid in e ce of hi ha e of he liabili . (7) The indi id al p ope of a decea ed pa ne hall be liable fo he con ib ion

pecified in No.

pecified in No. 4. fo on

(8) When pa ne hip p ope and he indi id al p ope ie of he pa ne a e in po e ion of a co di ib ion, pa ne hip c edi o hall ha e p io i on pa ne hip p ope and epa a e c edi o indi id al p ope , a ing he igh of lien o ec ed c edi o . (9) Whe e a pa ne ha become in ol en o hi e a e i in ol en , he claim again p ope hall ank in he follo ing o de : (a) Tho e o ing o epa a e c edi o ; (b) Tho e o ing o pa ne hip c edi o ; (c) Tho e o ing o pa ne b a of con ib ion. (n)
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epa a e

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i g

a

e

b

a

R.A. 386

fc

ib i

.( ) ed a e hi ae a c edi f he e

A icle 1840. I he f i g ca e c edi a e hi c i i g he b i e : (1) Whe a e a e i ( he e e e a i e f he he a e , e ih i ida i f he a

f he di

ad i ed i a e i i g a e hi , he a a e e i e a d a ig decea ed a e a ig ) hi igh i a e hi e e f e f he a e a d e e hi d e , if he b i e i c i ed e hi affai ;

(2) Whe a b e a e e i e a d a ig ( he e e e a i e f a decea ed a e a ig ) hei igh i a e hi e he e ai i g a e , h c i e he b i e ih i ida i f a e hi affai , ei he a e i h he ; (3) Whe a a e eie die a d he b i e f he di i N . 1 a d 2 f hi a ic e, i h he c e f he e i ed a a e,b ih a a ig e f hi igh i a e hi (4) Whe a hi d e he a h e i e e e ed a e hi i c i ed a e f h he e e e a i e f he decea ed ; e hi f he di a e e i e c ih e ed a e e hi ; e

hei e e e a i e a ig hei igh i a a he deb a d h c i e he b i e

(5) Whe a a e gf ca e a di i a d he e ai i g de he i i f a ic e 1837, ec d a ag a h, N . 2, ei he a i ida i f he a e hi affai ; (6) Whe a a e i e e ed a d he e ai i g a ih i ida i f he a e hi affai . The iabi i he c edi i ai f a hi d e bec i g a a e i he a f he di ed a e hi ha be a i fied he c a . e c i e he b

i e he b i e he , a d i h e de , ih he

ei he a i e e ,

e hi c i i g he b f he a e hi

hi a ic e, e he e i a

Whe he b i e f a a e hi af e di c edi f he di ed a e hi , a agai e e e a i e f he decea ed a e , ha e a f he decea ed a e agai he e decea ed a e ' i e e i he di ed a i ee f hi igh i a e hi e . N hi g i f a d. hi a ic e ha be he d dif a

i i c i ed de a c di i e f h i hi a ic e he he e a a e c edi f he e i i g decea ed a e he i igh a c ai f he e i ed a e he e e e a i e a e hi c i i g he b i e , acc f he e i ed e hi acc f a c ide a i i ed f ch igh f c edi e a ide a a ig e he g d f

The e b he e decea ed a e a a a deb c ac ed b

a e hi c i i g he b i e f he a he e f, ha f i e f a e he i di id a e ch e a e hi . ( )

e hi a e, he a e f a f he decea ed a e iab e f

A icle 1841. Whe a a e eie die , a d he b i e i c i ed de a f he c di i e f h i he ecedi g a ic e, i a ic e 1837, ec d a ag a h, N . 2, i h a e e e f acc a be ee hi hi e a e a d he e a e hi c i i g he b i e , e he i e ag eed, he hi ega e e e a i e a agai ch e a e hi a ha e he a e f hi i e e a he da e f di i a ce ai ed, a d ha ecei e a a di a c edi a a e a he a e f hi i e e i he di ed a e hi i h i e e , , a hi i a he i f hi ega e e e a i e, i ie f i e e , he fi a ib ab e he e f hi igh i he e f he di ed a e hi ; ided ha he c edi f he di ed a e hi a agai he e a a e c edi , he e e e a i e f he e i ed decea ed a e , ha ha e i i a c ai a i i g de hi a ic e, a ided a ic e 1840, hi d a ag a h. ( ) A icle 1842. The igh agai he i di g he da e f di i a ,i a acc f hi i e e ha acc e a a e, hi ega e e e a i e a i i g he b i e ,a

e he i i g a e he ab e ce f a ag ee e

he e a he c a .( )

e hi c

CHAPTER 4 Limi ed Pa ne hip ( ) A icle 1843. A i i ed a e hi i e f ed b e e a ic e, ha i g a e be e e ge e a a e a d e a ch ha be b d b he b iga i f he a e hi . .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html de he e i i ed a i i f he f e . The i i ed a i g e
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. Ar icle 1844. T (1) S ( )T ( )T ( )T ( ) T ; ( )T ( )T ; ( )T ( )T () T ; ( )T ( )T () T ( )T , ( )T (2) F A . Ar icle 1845. T Ar icle 1846. T (1) I (2) P . A . Ar icle 1847. I (1) A (2) S Ar icle 1848. A ,
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1865.

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Ar icle 1849. A Ar icle 1850. A

, 1865. .H , , : ; ; ; , ; ; , , , : , ; , ; . , . , ; ,

(1) D (2) D (3) C (4) P (5) A (6) A (7) C Ar icle 1851. A (1) H (2) H (3) H A , Ar icle 1852. W , ,

1856 1848,

1857.

, , , . ,

Ar icle 1853. A 1844. A , ; Ar icle 1854. A , , (1) R (2) R . T Ar icle 1855. W , , ,
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, , , , . , , .N , , , : ,

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.I .
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Ar icle 1856. A ; , . Ar icle 1857. A : (1) A , (2) T (3) T S : (1) O (2) W (3) A , I , . A (1) H (2) T , N . 1, . Ar icle 1858. A (1) F , (2) F . A (1) S , (2) M T ; , W , Ar icle 1859. A A . A , ,
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; , . A , A 1865. T , . T 1847 Ar icle 1860. T , (1) U (2) W Ar icle 1861. O , . T Ar icle 1862. O , . T . T N C : (1) T (2) T ; (3) T (4) T (5) T (6) T S , , Ar icle 1864. T . A (1) T
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1858. , , , : , .

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Ar icle 1863. I , , ; ,

; ; ; . , .

: ;

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; (2) A (3) A (4) A (5) A (6) T (7) T (8) T ; (9) A , (10) T . Ar icle 1865. T (1) C ; (2) B , T A . I O S E ; C , . A C (1) A (2) A (3) A C Ar icle 1866. A , Ar icle 1867. A C (1) T ; (2) T . A C
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TITLE X AGENCY

CHAPTER 1 Nature, Form and Kinds of Agenc Article 1868. B , Article 1869. A , A Article 1870. A Article 1871. B Article 1872. B , (1) W (2) W , Article 1873. I , , T ( ) Article 1874. W ; Article 1875. A Article 1876. A T Article 1877. A .( ) Article 1878. S (1) T (2) T ; (3) T (4) T (5) T ; (6) T ,
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. (1709 ) , . . (1710 ) , .( ) , .( ) , , ,

, ,

: , .( ) , . . , , .( ) , . .T , , , : ; . (1712) .( ) ;

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(6) T ; (7) T (8) T (9) T (10) T (11) T (12) T (13) T (14) T (15) A A icle 1879. A

, , ;

R.A. 386

; ; ; ; ; ; ; .( ) ; .( ) . (1713 ) .H . (1714 ) ' . (1715) , ; . , , .

A icle 1880. A A icle 1881. T A icle 1882. T A icle 1883. I I T . (1717)

CHAPTER 2 Obliga ion of he Agen A icle 1884. T H (1718) A icle 1885. I .( ) A icle 1886. S .( ) A icle 1887. I . I (1719) A icle 1888. A .( ) A icle 1889. T , .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html. ( ) ,
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, , . , ,

, .

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, Ar icle 1890. I .I .( ) Ar icle 1891. E

.( ) , ,

, E Ar icle 1892. T : (1) W (2) W . A Ar icle 1893. I . (1722 ) Ar icle 1894. T , Ar icle 1895. I , .( ) Ar icle 1896. T , Ar icle 1897. T . (1725) Ar icle 1898. I , .I ' Ar icle 1899. I , Ar icle 1900. S ' Ar icle 1901. A , Ar icle 1902. A , .( ) Ar icle 1903. T , .( ) Ar icle 1904. T , .( ) Ar icle 1905. T S , .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html , , , , , . P , , , , .( ) , , , , , . (1724 ) , , , , . (1723) N .1 2 , . (1721) , ; , . (1720 ) ;

.

,

,

.( )

.( ) , ' .( )

.
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R.A. 386

S A icle 1906. S , A icle 1907. S

, , , .S .( ) , , .( ) .( )

, , , , ,

A icle 1908. T , .( ) A icle 1909. T , , , . (1726)

CHAPTER 3 Obliga ion of he P incipal A icle 1910. T . A . (1727) A icle 1911. E A icle 1912. T . S , T (1728) A icle 1913. T , A icle 1914. T . (1730) A icle 1915. I . (1731) A icle 1916. W , 1544. ( ) A icle 1917. I .( ) A icle 1918. T (1) I ; (2) W (3) W ;
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

, , .( ) , ,

, . ,

, .

. (1729)

, , , , .I : ' ; , , , , , ,

(4) W

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(4) When i a ip la ed ha allo ed onl a ce ain m. (n)

he e pen e

R.A. 386

o ld be bo ne b

he agen , o

ha

he la e

o ld be

CHAPTER 4 Modes of E tinguishment of Agenc Article 1919. Agenc i e ing i hed: (1) B i (2) B (3) B (4) B (5) B (6) B e oca ion; he i hd a al of he agen ; he dea h, ci il in e dic ion, in ani o in ol enc of he p incipal o of he agen ; ed o accep ed he agenc ;

he di ol ion of he fi m o co po a ion hich en

he accompli hmen of he objec o p po e of he agenc ; he e pi a ion of he pe iod fo hich he agenc a con i ed. (1732a) o e n he doc men

Article 1920. The p incipal ma e oke he agenc e idencing he agenc . S ch e oca ion ma be e p e

a ill, and compel he agen o implied. (1733a)

Article 1921. If he agenc ha been en ed fo he p po e of con ac ing i h pecified pe on , i e oca ion hall no p ej dice he la e if he e e no gi en no ice he eof. (1734) Article 1922. If he agen had gene al po e , e oca ion of he agenc doe no p ej dice hi d pe on ho ac ed in good fai h and i ho kno ledge of he e oca ion. No ice of he e oca ion in a ne pape of gene al ci c la ion i a fficien a ning o hi d pe on . (n) Article 1923. The appoin men of a ne agen fo he ame b ine o an ac ion e oke he p e io agenc f om he da on hich no ice he eof a gi en o he fo me agen , i ho p ej dice o he p o i ion of he o p eceding a icle . (1735a) Article 1924. The agenc i e oked if he p incipal di ec l manage di ec l i h hi d pe on . (n) he b ine en ed o he agen , dealing an ac ion, an one ega d he

Article 1925. When o o mo e p incipal ha e g an ed a po e of a o ne fo a common of hem ma e oke he ame i ho he con en of he o he . (n) Article 1926. A gene al po e of a o ne i pecial ma e in ol ed in he la e . (n)

e oked b a pecial one g an ed o ano he agen , a

Article 1927. An agenc canno be e oked if a bila e al con ac depend pon i , o if i i he mean of f lfilling an obliga ion al ead con ac ed, o if a pa ne i appoin ed manage of a pa ne hip in he con ac of pa ne hip and hi emo al f om he managemen i nj ifiable. (n) Article 1928. The agen ma i hd a f om he agenc b gi ing d e no ice o he p incipal. If he la e ho ld ffe an damage b ea on of he i hd a al, he agen m indemnif him he efo , nle he agen ho ld ba e hi i hd a al pon he impo ibili of con in ing he pe fo mance of he agenc i ho g a e de imen o him elf. (1736a) Article 1929. The agen , e en if he ho ld he p incipal ha had ea onable oppo ni i hd a f om he agenc fo a alid ea on, m con in e o ac o ake he nece a ep o mee he i a ion. (1737a) n il

Article 1930. The agenc hall emain in f ll fo ce and effec e en af e he dea h of he p incipal, if i ha been con i ed in he common in e e of he la e and of he agen , o in he in e e of a hi d pe on ho ha accep ed he ip la ion in hi fa o . (n) Article 1931. An hing done b he agen , i ho kno ledge of he dea h of he p incipal o of an o he ca e hich e ing i he he agenc , i alid and hall be f ll effec i e i h e pec o hi d pe on ho ma ha e con ac ed i h him in good fai h. (1738) Article 1932. If he agen die , hi hei m no if he p incipal he eof, and in he mean ime adop mea e a he ci c m ance ma demand in he in e e of he la e . (1739) ch

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TITLE XI

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TITLE XI LOAN

Gene al P o i ion A icle 1933. B ; , C S I . (1740 ) A icle 1934. A , .( ) . . , , , , , . ,

CHAPTER 1 Commoda m

Na A icle 1935. T

SECTION 1 e of Commoda ,

m ; . (1941 )

A icle 1936. C , A icle 1937. M A icle 1938. T A icle 1939. C (1) T (2) T ' .( ) A icle 1940. A .( ) , .C : ; .H , , .( ) .( ) .( )

SECTION 2 Obliga ion of he Bailee A icle 1941. T . (1743 ) A icle 1942. T (1) I (2) I ; (3) I ;
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, ; , , , ;

:

(4) I

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(4) If he e d (5) If, bei g ab e 1745)

ea e

he hi g

a hi d e

R.A. 386

, h i hi

a

e be

f hi h e

eh d; a e he a e . (1744a a d he e hi da age e he e f a d e hi g, e e e i ed i

a e ei he a

he hi g b e f

ed

hi g, he ch f he hi g

A icle 1943. The bai ee d e ih hi fa . (1746)

he de e i a i

a ed d e

A icle 1944. The bai ee ca e ai he hi g a ed he g d ha he bai h gh i a be b ea f e e e . H e e , he bai ee ha a igh f e e i a ic e 1951. (1747a) A icle 1945. Whe ida i . (1748a) he e a e e bai ee h a hi g i a ed i

f

he a e c

ac , he a e iab e

SECTION 3 Obliga ion of he Bailo i I ARTICLE 1946. The bai a ed, af e he acc he ea i e, he h ca de a d he e f he hi g a ed i af e he e i h e f he e f hich he c da ha bee c d ha e ge eed f he hi g, he a de a d i e , he c ac f c da i e ded iai f he e i d i ed. H e e , if i e a e. hi e he hi g i i eca i , i he he

ca e f e a e i f he bai

e b he bai . (1749a)

A icle 1947. The bai f i g ca e :

a de a d he hi g a f he c ee ac

i , a d he c he he e

ac a e a i

i ca ed a d be de

(1) If ei he he d a i i a ed; (2) If he e f he hi g i

hich he hi g e . (1750a)

a ed h

ed, ha bee

e a ed b

A icle 1948. The bai a de a d he i ecified i a ic e 765. ( )

edia e e

f he hi g if he bai ee c

i

a

ac

f i g a i de

A icle 1949. The bai ha ef d he e a di a e e hi g a ed, ided he bai ee b i g he a e he he he a e ge ha he e he ifica i ca

e d i g he c ac f he edge f he bai bef e i c be a ai ed i h da ge .

e e ai f he i g he , e ce gh he he

If he e a di a e e e a i e he cca i f he ac a e f he hi g b ac ed i h fa , he ha be b e e a b b h he bai a d he bai ee, e c a . (1751a) A icle 1950. If, f he e f i a ic e 1941 a d 1949, he i A icle 1951. The bai be iab e he a e f A icle 1952. The bai hi g he bai ee. ( ) a i g e f he hi g, he bai ee i c e i ed ei b e e . ( ) f he hi g a ffe b he a e e e

he bai ee, e e h he e i a i a i he ha h

e efe ed

h , i g he f a he da age hich he ca e e hi

a ed, d e ad i e he bai ee f he a e, ha ea he e f. (1752) e f e e e da age b aba d i g he

ef f

CHAPTER 2 Simple Loan o M A icle 1953. A e a di b d a h ecei e a he c edi a e a f a a e

m he e hi he e f,

a he f gib e hi g ac i e f he a e i d a d a i . (1753a)

A icle 1954. A c ac he eb b iga i he a f he a e ba e . ( ) A icle 1955. The b iga i a d 1250 f hi C de. fa e

e e a gi e hi g

fe he e hi f he a e i d,

f -f gib e hi g a he i h he a i , a d ai ha be c ide ed a

h b

e

ha be g

e ed b

he

i i

f a ic e 1249
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1250 I , Article 1956. N Article 1957. C

C

.

R.A. 386

, .I . (1754 ) , . (1755 ) , .T , .( ) 2212, , .( ) , , U C .( ) , L , .( ) , , , .( )

,

Article 1958. I Article 1959. W H , , Article 1960. I Article 1961. U

.

C

TITLE XII DEPOSIT

CHAPTER 1 Deposit in General and its Different Kinds Article 1962. A . I , Article 1963. A .( ) Article 1964. A Article 1965. A Article 1966. O Article 1967. A , . (1760 ) . (1761) . (1762) . (1759) , , . (1758 ) ,

CHAPTER 2 Voluntar Deposit

SECTION 1 General Provisions Article 1968. A , Article 1969. A Article 1970. I , , , ,
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.A . (1763) .( ) ,

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g a dia , ad i i ca aci . (1764)

a

,

f he

e

h

R.A. 386

ade he de

i,

b

he a e hi

e f if he h

d ac

ie ha e ice. hi

Article 1971. If he de i ha bee ade b a ca aci a ed e i h a he h i , he de i ha e a ac i ec e he hi g de i ed hi e i i i i he e i f he de ia , c he a e a hi he a b hich he a ha e e iched be efi ed hi e f i h he hi g i H e e , if a hi d e h ac i ed he hi g ac ed i bad fai h, he de i a b i g a ac i agai f i ec e . (1765a)

SECTION 2 Obligations of the Depositar Article 1972. The de i a i b iged ee he hi g afe a d e i , he e hi hei a d cce , he e h a ha e bee de ig a ed i he c i h ega d he afe ee i g a d he f he hi g, ha be g e ed b he i i If he de de ia i i ga i , hi fac b e e. (1766a) i ha be a e i acc i de e i ed, he de i , ac . Hi e ibi i , f Ti e I f hi B . f ca e ha he

i i g he deg ee

Article 1973. U e he e i a e . If de i i h a hi d e e h i a ife ca e e

ai he c a , he de i a ca de i he hi g i h a hi d i a ed, he de i a i iab e f he if he de i ed he hi g i h a fi . The de ia i e ib e f he eg ige ce f hi e ee . ( )

Article 1974. The de ia a cha ge he a f he de i if de he ci c a ce he a ea ab e e ha he de i dc e he cha ge if he e f he fac f he i a i . H e e , bef e he de ia a a e ch cha ge, he ha if he de i he e f a d ai f hi deci i , e de a d ca e da ge . ( ) Article 1975. The de i a h di g ce ifica e , b d , ec i ie i e hich ea b d c ec he a e he i bec e d e, a d a e ch e a a be ece a ec i ie a e e e hei a e a d he igh c e di g he acc di g a . The ab e i i ha a c ac f he e f afe de i b e .( ) he a ic e f a e i e e i he e i i f he i ee i de ha be ha he

Article 1976. U e he a e i d a d a .( )

he e i a i a i he c ai , i hich ca e he a i ia ca a e e

a , he de ia de i ha f he hi g de i ed

a c i g e g ai ha e a i ih he e e

Article 1977. The de de i . O he

i e, he ha be iab e f he e e ai he de e ha a be ia a ed; a e

da age . f he hi g de ia c ha e da ed, a d i he i i , e ce e i e ce i ed e ie i e, i be i ed, he c i he ed b ac e i ci a f ha he c ce e e. fa f he

H e e , he (1767a)

Article 1978. Whe de c i a d bec ac . i i

e he hi g de he e be

afe ee i g i ed. (1768a) gh a f i

The e

Article 1979. The de (1) If i i (2) If he e i

i iab e f

f he hi g h

e e :

he hi g i h i e he ;

he de

i

'

e

i i

;

(3) If he de a (4) If he a

ei,e e

h

gh he hi i f

ef

a ha e bee a h i ed a d i ia i i i

e he a e. ( ) ha be g i i e ed b he a e
183/210

Article 1980. Fi ed, a i g , a d c e de he i i c ce i g i e a .( ) Article 1981. Whe he hi g de c di i , a d he ha be iab e f

e i ba

i ed i de i e ed c ed a d ea ed, he de ia e da age h d he ea c be b e h gh hi fa .

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R.A. 386

F A , ,

,

. , .H . ' , , , .

W (1769 ) A icle 1982. W , A icle 1983. T S . (1770) A icle 1984. T N I I , , .

,

; .( ) , , 1896 . , , . , . (1771 ) , . , , 1212 , . (1772 ) , . (1773) , ; . , , , 1214 , , .

A icle 1985. W W .H A icle 1986. I A icle 1987. I I . (1774) A icle 1988. T . T , A icle 1989. U , , A icle 1990. I , A icle 1991. T ' . (1778) ,

, ' , .I . (1775) , , . (1776 ) . (1777 ) , ;

SECTION 3 Obliga ion of he Depo i o
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R.A. 386

Article 1992. I Article 1993. T ,

, . (1779 ) , , .( ) ,

Article 1994. T . (1780) Article 1995. A (1) U (2) I , : ; .( )

CHAPTER 3 Necessar Deposit Article 1996. A (1) W (2) W . (1781 ) Article 1997. T , T Article 1998. T , (1783) Article 1999. T Article 2000. T ; . (1784 ) Article 2001. T Article 2002. T , Article 2003. T .A 1998 Article 2004. T , .( ) 2001 , .( ) .( ) , .( ) , , , .T .( ) , , , , , . N .2 2168. (1782) .T , N .1 , : ; , , , , , ,

.

CHAPTER 4
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Sequestration or Judicial Deposit

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Se A ic e 2005. A . (1785) A ic e 2006. M A ic e 2007. T

e

R.A. 386

ai

J dicia De

i

. (1786) , . (1787 ) , . (1788) C , , R

A ic e 2008. T A ic e 2009. A C . (1789 )

TITLE XIII ALEATORY CONTRACTS

Ge e a P A ic e 2010. B ,

i i ,

. (1790)

CHAPTER 1 I a ce A ic e 2011. T C A ic e 2012. A , ( ) .( ) 739 . .M

CHAPTER 2 Ga b i g A ic e 2013. A , A ic e 2014. N .B , A ic e 2015. I , . I .( ) A ic e 2016. I , ' .( ) A ic e 2017. T A ic e 2018. I ,
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.F .( ) , . (1799 ) , , , , . T , , , , .T
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, ,

,

2014

2016 . (1799 )

12/28/11

R.A. 386

, , , ,

.T

.( ) Article 2019. B .( ) Article 2020. T , .I ,

,

. (1801 )

CHAPTER 3 Life Annuit Article 2021. T , . (1802 ) Article 2022. T , I . (1803 ) Article 2023. L , . (1804) Article 2024. T , ; , Article 2025. T ; . (1806) Article 2026. H . I . (1807 ) Article 2027. N . (1808) , , , . (1805 ) , , . ,

TITLE XIV COMPROMISES AND ARBITRATIONS

CHAPTER 1 Compromises Article 2028. A . (1809 ) Article 2029. T .( ) Article 2030. E (1) I (2) I T .la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html , .
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,

,

: ; ,

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R.A. 386

T S C .( ) A icle 2031. T .( ) A icle 2032. T , A icle 2033. J . (1812 ) A icle 2034. T . (1813) A icle 2035. N (1) T (2) T (3) A (4) F (5) T (6) F A icle 2036. A . A . (1815) A icle 2037. A . (1816) A icle 2038. A , H , , A icle 2039. W , . B , A icle 2040. I I (1819 ) A icle 2041. I , .( ) .( ) , , . . , . (1817 ) , , 1330 , C , . , , , ; . (1814 ) , ; ; ; ; ; : ; ' ' . (1810 ) , , ' .S

CHAPTER 2 A bi a ion A icle 2042. T
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. (1820 )

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. (1820 ) Article 2043. T (1821 ) Article 2044. A 2038, 2039, Article 2045. A .( ) Article 2046. T S C 2040. ( )

R.A. 386

C ' , ,

.

.( )

TITLE XV GUARANTY

CHAPTER 1 Nature and E tent of Guarant Article 2047. B I B Article 2048. A Article 2049. A , Article 2050. I , Article 2051. A I ' , Article 2052. A N .I Article 2053. A . (1825 ) Article 2054. A , . S Article 2055. A . I , Article 2056. O , Article 2057. I
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, .

, , S . (1822 ) .( ) ' .( ) , , 4, C 3, T I

.I ,

1236

1237 ,

.( ) , , , . (1823) . . (1824 ) , . A , ; . ,

, ,

,

, ; , , . (1827 ) ,

. (1826)

,

, .T . (1828 )

12/28/11

Article 2057. I , .T . (1829 )

R.A. 386

CHAPTER 2 Effects of Guarant

SECTION 1 Effects of Guarant Between the Guarantor and the Creditor Article 2058. T , Article 2059. T (1) I (2) I (3) I (4) W ; (5) I . (1831 ) Article 2060. I ' P Article 2061. T , . (1833 ) Article 2062. I 2059, , 2058 , , . (1834 ) Article 2063. A .T . (1835 ) Article 2064. T . (1836) Article 2065. S .T , T . (1837) . , , , .T , .T , , . (1832) , , , , ; P : ; ; . (1830 )

SECTION 2 Effects of Guarant Between the Debtor and the Guarantor Article 2066. T T (1) T : ;
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.

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R.A. 386

(1) T (2) T

; , ;

(3) T ; (4) D Article 2067. T . I . (1839) Article 2068. I Article 2069. I (1841 ) Article 2070. I , N , , . (1842 ) Article 2071. T (1) W (2) I (3) W ; (4) W (5) A (6) I (7) I I , , . , . (1834 ) Article 2072. I , , .( ) , ; ; , , ; , ; ; , , : , , , , , . , . (1840) , . , , . (1838 )

SECTION 3. Effects of Guarant as Between Co-Guarantors Article 2073. W I . T Article 2074. I
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, . , , . (1844 ) , , ,
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,

,

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a e defe e a h he b

e hich d ha e e ai ed he i ci a deb agai he deb . (1845) ARTICLE 2075. A b-g a a , i ca e d hi e f, i e ib e he c -g a a i he a e e

R.A. 386

he c edi , a d f he i e c a he g a a

hich a e f he g a a . (1846)

e f

CHAPTER 3 E tinguishment of Guarant Article 2076. The b iga i f he g a a a e ca e a a he b iga i . (1847) Article 2077. If he c edi a i acce h d af e a d e he a e h gh e ic i i e i g i hed a he a e i e a i ab e , he g a a f h he e i a e ea ed. (1849) ha e f he deb ,a df he

f he deb , e e if he e f he he ,

i

Article 2078. A e ea e ade b he c edi i fa be efi a he e e f he ha e f he g a a

e f he g a a , ih he c i ha bee g a ed. (1850)

Article 2079. A e e i g a ed he deb b he c edi ih he c e f he g a a e i g i he he g a a . The e e fai e he a f he c edi de a d a e af e he deb ha bec e d e d e fi efc i ea e e i f i e efe ed he ei . (1851a) Article 2080. The g a a ac f he c edi he ca , e e h gh he be ida , a e e ea ed f hei b iga i he e e b be b ga ed he igh , gage , a d efe e ce f he a e . (1852) e h agai he c edi a he defe e hich e ai e ha a e e a he deb . (1853) he i ci a deb e

Article 2081. The g a a a a d a e i he e i he deb ; b

CHAPTER 4 Legal and Judicial Bonds Article 2082. The b d a h i be ffe ed i i e f a i i a ifica i e c ibed i a ic e 2056 a d i ecia a . (1854a) Article 2083. If he e a edge gage c Article 2084. A j dicia b A be i b d ide ed d f a f a j dicia de ha ha e he d ,

gi e a b d i he ca e f he ecedi g a ic e, h d be ab e fficie c e hi b iga i ha be ad i ed i ie he e f. (1855) de a d he e ha de a d he e ha i i f he f he e e f he f he deb i ci a deb f he . e .

a ca

he a e ca e, ca

TITLE XVI PLEDGE, MORTGAGE AND ANTICHRESIS

CHAPTER 1 Provisions Common to Pledge and Mortgage Article 2085. The f (1) Tha he be c (2) Tha he edg i g e i i ie a ee ed gag e ia he c e e fa e ac f edge a d b iga i ; gaged; a f hei edgi g e ,a di he gage:

ec e he f fi be he ab

i ci a

f he hi g

edged

(3) Tha he e c i i g he edge ab e ce he e f, ha he be ega a h i ed f Thi d e e h ae . (1857) i i a ie he i ci a b iga i

gage ha e he f ee di he e. a a ec e he a e b edge

gagi g hei

Article 2086. The

f a ic e 2052 a e a

icab e

gage. ( ) i ci a b iga i bec e d e, he e he c edi . (1858)
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Article 2087. I i a f he e e ce f he e c ac ha he he hi g i hich he edge gage c i a be a ie a ed f he a
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Ar icle 2088. T A Ar icle 2089. A . T N F T , , , '

, . (1859 ) ,

.

. ' . , . . (1860) Ar icle 2090. T .( ) Ar icle 2091. T . (1861) Ar icle 2092. A , , . (1862) , , , , ,

CHAPTER 2 Pledge Ar icle 2093. I , . (1863) Ar icle 2094. A . (1864) Ar icle 2095. I , Ar icle 2096. A . (1865 ) Ar icle 2097. W .T , Ar icle 2098. T , Ar icle 2099. T , , Ar icle 2100. T . T Ar icle 2101. T ( ) Ar icle 2102. I
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

2085,

, , ,

, , .T .( )

,

,

,

,

, .( ) . (1866 ) ; C . (1867) , .( )

,

1951. , , , ,
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Ar icle 2102. I , I , Ar icle 2103. U N , , Ar icle 2104. T , W . (1870 ) Ar icle 2105. T , Ar icle 2106. I , Ar icle 2107. I , ,

R.A. 386

,

, .

, ,

, , ,

; .U

. (1868 ) , . (1869) , , , , . (1871) , .( ) , , , . , , . .

T Ar icle 2108. I , , Ar icle 2109. I , Ar icle 2110. I A I .( ) Ar icle 2111. A .F , Ar icle 2112. T P .I , . T , .

, ,

, , .T .( ) , .( ) , , . T ,

.( )

. ,

, .( ) , , , , .I . (1872 ) . H . , .( ) . I , , , .I , , .I
194/210

N ;

Ar icle 2113. A T Ar icle 2114. A , .( ) Ar icle 2115. T ,

,

,

,
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,

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R.A. 386

, .( ) Ar icle 2116. A ( ) Ar icle 2117. A .( ) Ar icle 2118. I , Ar icle 2119. I .H . ( ) ARTICLE 2120. I 2085 2077 2081. H , , . H Ar icle 2122. A . T , .( ) Ar icle 2123. W , T . (1873 ) , , , , .( ) , .H .( ) , , , ,

, .

, , 2066 .( ) 546, 1731, 1994,

2070, Ar icle 2121. P

. I,

,

CHAPTER 3 Mor gage Ar icle 2124. O (1) I (2) A N , , , T . (1875 ) Ar icle 2126. T , Ar icle 2127. T , , , Ar icle 2128. T . (1878) Ar icle 2129. T , . (1879)
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: ; , . (1874 ) 2085, , R . P . I .

Ar icle 2125. I

, . (1876) , , , . (1877) , , , , ,

,

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R.A. 386

A icle 2130. A A icle 2131. T , M L , C L R L . (1880 ) , , ,

.( )

CHAPTER 4 An ich e i A icle 2132. B , . (1881) A icle 2133. T .( ) A icle 2134. T .( ) A icle 2135. T . H T A icle 2136. T . B , , . (1883) A icle 2137. T . E .I A icle 2138. T , , A icle 2139. T (1886 ) 2085, 2089 2091 . (1885 ) . , .B R C . (1884 ) , , , . . (1882) ; , , ,

CHAPTER 5 Cha el Mo gage A icle 2140. B , A icle 2141. T L C .( ) , , . I , .( ) C M C , M R

TITLE XVII EXTRA-CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS

CHAPTER 1 Q a i-con ac
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A icle 2142. C A icle 2143. T

, .( ) .( ) C -

-

SECTION 1 Nego io m Ge A icle 2144. W , , (1) W (2) I I . I A icle 2145. T . T (1889 ) A icle 2146. I , T . (1890 ) A icle 2147. T (1) I (2) I (3) I (4) I A icle 2148. E : (1) I (2) I A icle 2149. T , A icle 2150. A . T , A icle 2151. E ,
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io

, , : ; . .T

, ,

1317, 1403, N . 1, T X B

1404 . (1888 ) ,

,

, , . , : ; ; ; . (1891 ) , ; .( ) . (1892 ) , ,

.

. (1893) ,
197/210

:

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R.A. 386

: (1) T (2) T A icle 2152. T , .T (1) I (2) W A icle 2153. T (1) W (2) W (3) B , , : ; , .( ) 2144; : , .( ) , , .( ) ,

SECTION 2 Sol io Indebi i A icle 2154. I , A icle 2155. P .( ) A icle 2156. I ( ) A icle 2157. T .( ) A icle 2158. W 1984. ( ) A icle 2159. W , H , A icle 2160. H .I A icle 2161. A , A icle 2162. H , , A icle 2163. I ; . (1901) .H . (1899) T V , B II . (1898) , , , . (1897) . (1896 ) , . , , , , , . , . (1895)

SECTION 3 O he Q a i-Con ac
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* , ,
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A icle 2164. W

,

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A icle 2164. W

, , . (1894 )

,

,

A icle 2165. W , . (1894 ) A icle 2166. W , . T ,

, ,

, .

A icle 2167. W , , A icle 2168. W , , , A icle 2169. W , . A icle 2170. W , A icle 2171. T 720. A icle 2172. T 546. A icle 2173. W 1236 A icle 2174. W , . A icle 2175. A . , , , , 1237. , , , . , , , , , .

, .

719

CHAPTER 2 Q a i-delic A icle 2176. W .S , A icle 2177. R P .( ) A icle 2178. T A icle 2179. W . B ' .( ) A icle 2180. T T , . 2176 . , ,
199/210

, , C .B , , , ' .( ) C . (1902 )

,

1172 '

1174

,

,

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. G . T

R.A. 386

. E , T S , . L T . (1903 ) Ar icle 2181. W . (1904) Ar icle 2182. I .( ) Ar icle 2183. T , Ar icle 2184. I , , , , . I Ar icle 2185. U , Ar icle 2186. E Ar icle 2187. M .( ) Ar icle 2188. T , .( ) Ar icle 2189. P , Ar icle 2190. T , Ar icle 2191. P (1) B ; (2) B (3) B
.la phil.net/statutes/repacts/ra1949/ra_386_1949.html

. ; 2176

, , .

,

. T . (1905) , , . I ,

, ,

2180 .( ) , .( ) , , ,

.( )

.T

, ,

, , .( ) . (1907) : , , , ; , ,

,

;
200/210

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(3) B (4) B Article 2192. I 1723,

R.A. 386

, ,

;

, , . (1908)

, Article 2193. T . (1910) Article 2194. T ,

. (1909)

.( )

TITLE XVIII DAMAGES 1

CHAPTER 1 General Provisions Article 2195. T 1157. Article 2196. T C . C .R C . : ; ; ; ; ; . C . T T ,

Article 2197. D (1) A (2) M (3) N (4) T (5) L (6) E Article 2198. T

CHAPTER 2 Actual or Compensator Damages Article 2199. E . Article 2200. I . (1106) Article 2201. I , , . I Article 2202. I , , , . I
201/210

, . S ,

, . (1107 )

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. I .

Ar icle 2203. T . Ar icle 2204. I Ar icle 2205. D (1) F (2) F Ar icle 2206. T , (1) T ; , ; (2) I ' , ; (3) T Ar icle 2207. I . I . Ar icle 2208. I , (1) W (2) W (3) I (4) I (5) W ; (6) I (7) I (8) I (9) I (10) W (11) I . I , ,
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, . : ; ' .I . : , , 291, , ,

, . ' , , , , : ; ' ; ; ; ' , ' , ,

; , ' ; ; ' ' , ,
202/210

; ' ;

. ,

Ar icle 2209. I

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, , A icle 2210. I . A icle 2211. I . A icle 2212. I . (1109 ) A icle 2213. I . A icle 2214. I . A icle 2215. I (1) T (2) T (3) I ; (4) T (5) T , , , , , , ,

R.A. 386

, , , , , , , . (1108)

-

, , ; ; , ; ' . :

CHAPTER 3 O he Kind of Damage A icle 2216. N , , .T . , , , , ,

SECTION 1 Mo al Damage A icle 2217. M , , . A icle 2218. I . A icle 2219. M (1) A (2) Q (3) S (4) A (5) I (6) I (7) L (8) M , ; ; ;
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, , , ,

,

, .T '

,

, : ; , , ; ; , ; ;

,

,

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R.A. 386

(8) Ma ici (9) Ac (10) Ac The a e ec e The a ic e, i e i

ec i

;

ed i a ic e 309; efe ed i a ic e 21, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 34, a d 35. ab ed, efe ed i N . 3 f hi a ic e, e i a a

a d ac i

f he fe a e a da age .

ed ced, abd c ed, a ed, ,a db he

e, de ce da , a ce da he de a ed.

a d i e

a b i g he ac i

ed i N . 9 f hi h d fi d ac he e

Article 2220. Wi f i j ha , de he ci c a ce , he defe da ac ed f a d e

e a be a ega g d f a a di g a da age if he c ch da age a e j d e. The a e e a ie b eache f c i bad fai h.

SECTION 2 Nominal Damages Article 2221. N i a da age a e adj dica ed i de ha a igh f he i aded b he defe da , a be i dica ed ec g i ed, a d f he f a ffe ed b hi . Article 2222. The c a ic e 1157, i e e a a ad ca e he e a ai iff, hich ha bee i a ed e f i de if i g he ai iff a ce e e a ed i ed a d a

i a da age i e e b iga i a i i g f e igh ha bee i aded. ha i, ec de f he c e hei e ec i e hei a d a

Article 2223. The adj dica i f i a da age acce e i , a be ee he a ie he

he igh i ig .

SECTION 3 Temperate or Moderate Damages Article 2224. Te e a e de a e da age , hich a e da age , a be ec e ed he he c fi d ha e ec ,f he a e f he ca e, be ided i h ce ai . Article 2225. Te e a e da age be ea ab e e ha ia i a b ha bee a ce . e ha c e ffe ed b i a a ca

de he ci c

SECTION 4 Liquidated Damages Article 2226. Li b each he e f. Article 2227. Li he a e i i i ida ed da age a e h e ag eed b he i a ie a c ac , be aid i i ab ca e f

ida ed da age , he he i e ded a a i de c ci ab e.

a e a

, ha be e

ed ced if he he

Article 2228. Whe a ie i ag eei g i ai .

he b each f he c ac c i ed b he defe da i he i ida ed da age , he a ha de e i e he

ea

he ec e a ed b e f da age , a d

SECTION 5 E emplar or Corrective Damages Article 2229. E e i addi i he a c ec i e da age a e i a , e e a e, i ida ed c e ed, b a f e a a da age . e c ec i f he b ic g d,

Article 2230. I c i i a ffe e , e e a da age a a a f he ci i iabi i a be i ed he he ci e a c i ed i h e e agg a a i g ci c a ce . S ch da age a e e a a e a d di i c f fi e a d ha be aid he ffe ded a .
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Article 2231. I

a i-de ic , e e

a

da age

a be g a ed if he defe da

ac ed i h g

eg ige ce.

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Article 2231. I Article 2232. I , Article 2233. E ,

-

, , . , , . ; , . I , , , , ,

.

Article 2234. W ,

. Article 2235. A .

TITLE XII CONCURRENCE AND PREFERENCE OF CREDITS

CHAPTER 1 General Pro isions Article 2236. T . (1911 ) Article 2237. I Article 2238. S . I , .( ) Article 2239. I , Article 2240. P .( ) , , ' .( ) , , , ' , , , C .( ) , , ,

CHAPTER 2 Classification of Credits Article 2241. W : (1) D (2) C , (3) C , , , ; (4) C ,
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, S , , , ; ; , , , , , ;
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,

; , ; , ;

(5) C

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R.A. 386

(5) C edi fo he making, epai , afekeeping o p e e a ion of pe onal p ope made, epai ed, kep o po e ed; (6) Claim fo labo e ' age , on he good man fac (7) Fo e pen e of al age, pon he good al aged; ed o he o k done;

, on he mo able h

(8) C edi be een he landlo d and he enan , a i ing f om he con ac of enanc on ha e , on he ha e of each in he f i o ha e ; (9) C edi fo an po a ion, pon he good ca ied, fo he p ice of he con ac and inciden al e pen e , n il hei deli e and fo hi da he eaf e ; (10) C edi fo lodging and pplie all f ni hed o a elle b ho el keepe , on he mo able belonging o he g e a long a ch mo able a e in he ho el, b no fo mone loaned o he g e ; (11) C edi ha e ed; fo eed and e pen e fo c l i a ion and ha e ad anced o he deb o , pon he f i

(12) C edi fo en fo one ea , pon he pe onal p ope of he le ee e i ing on he immo able lea ed and on he f i of he ame, b no on mone o in men of c edi ; (13) Claim in fa o of he depo i o if he depo i a of he ale. ha ongf ll old he hing depo i ed, pon he p ice aken, he

In he fo egoing ca e , if he mo able o hich he lien o p efe ence a ache ha e been ongf ll c edi o ma demand hem f om an po e o , i hin hi da f om he nla f l ei e. (1922a)

Ar icle 2242. Wi h efe ence o pecific immo able p ope and eal igh of he deb o , he follo ing claim , mo gage and lien hall be p efe ed, and hall con i e an enc mb ance on he immo able o eal igh : (1) Ta e d e pon he land o b ilding; (2) Fo he npaid p ice of eal p ope old, pon he immo able old;

(3) Claim of labo e , ma on , mechanic and o he o kmen, a ell a of a chi ec , enginee and con ac o , engaged in he con c ion, econ c ion o epai of b ilding , canal o o he o k , pon aid b ilding , canal o o he o k ; (4) Claim of f ni he of ma e ial ed in he con c ion, econ o o he o k , pon aid b ilding , canal o o he o k ; (5) Mo gage c edi eco ded in he Regi of P ope c ion, o epai of b ilding , canal

, pon he eal e a e mo gaged; hen he la a ho i e eimb emen ,

(6) E pen e fo he p e e a ion o imp o emen of eal p ope pon he immo able p e e ed o imp o ed;

(7) C edi anno a ed in he Regi of P ope , in i e of a j dicial o de , b a achmen pon he p ope affec ed, and onl a o la e c edi ; (8) Claim of co-hei di ided; fo a an

o e ec ion , h

in he pa i ion of an immo able among hem, pon he eal p ope fo pec nia in

(9) Claim of dono o eal p ope pon he immo able dona ed; (10) C edi of in

cha ge o o he condi ion impo ed pon he donee, ance p emi m fo o ea . (1923a)

e , pon he p ope

ed, fo he in

Ar icle 2243. The claim o c edi en me a ed in he o p eceding a icle hall be con ide ed a mo gage o pledge of eal o pe onal p ope , o lien i hin he p ie of legal p o i ion go e ning in ol enc . Ta e men ioned in No. 1, a icle 2241, and No. 1, a icle 2242, hall fi be a i fied. (n) Ar icle 2244. Wi h efe ence o o he p ope hall be p efe ed in he o de named: , eal and pe onal, of he deb o , he follo ing claim o c edi nde hi o he pa en al a ho i ehold helpe ho ha e no fo one ea
206/210

(1) P ope f ne al e pen e fo he deb o , o child en p ope of hei o n, hen app o ed b he co ;

(2) C edi fo e ice ende ed he in ol en b emplo ee , labo e , o ho p eceding he commencemen of he p oceeding in in ol enc ;
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; ;

(3) E , (4) C , (5) C ; (6) S (7) F (8) L (9) T 1, 2242, N . 1; (10) T 2242, N . 1; (11) T 2242, N . 1; (12) D (13) G (14) C , .T , A icle 2245. C , , . (1925) . (1924 ) , ( ) , , ; ; ; ( ) , , , , ; 2241, N . 2241, N . 1, 2241, N . 1, , ; ' ; ; , ,

CHAPTER 3 O de of P efe ence of C edi A icle 2246. T . A icle 2247. I , A icle 2248. T . A icle 2249. I , . (1927 ) A icle 2250. T , . (1928 ) A icle 2251. T , (1) I (2) C , 2244; 2245 . (1929 ) : , , , , , , , S , . (1926 ) , ,

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TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS Ar icle 2252. C F : (P Ar icle 2253. T , , , . (R Ar icle 2254. N .( ) Ar icle 2255. T C .( ) Ar icle 2256. A , C . (R Ar icle 2257. P , I I , C . (R Ar icle 2258. A ; C , , . (R Ar icle 2259. T .( ) Ar icle 2260. T .( ) Ar icle 2261. T C Ar icle 2262. G , Ar icle 2263. R C , , , Ar icle 2264. T 287,
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C . C .1 1889 , . B 1) C C , , 2, T P ). , , C C ,

, , , 2 ) , , , C . C , 3 ) C , C .I C , R , , . , . B ,

C

4) C C 302 .( ) , 320. ( ) , C C , R C ; , C . (R 12 ) 89 C .( )
208/210

,

, ,

C

,

, , R C C .T C , ; , . T ,

1889,

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R.A. 386

A icle 2265. The igh f e e i f ea h e hi g hich ca e i he c edi ' A icle 2266. The f i g ha ha e

e e

a i

e a i i g af e hi C de bec bef e aid da e. ( ) a e ac i e effec :

e effec i e, i c de

ec i e b ca c be c i

(1) A ic e 315, he eb a de ce da a d a ce da ; (2) A ic e 101 a d 88, idi g agai

e ed, i a c i i a ca e, i ca e f ega e aai ; hi e f;

e if agai a da e f

hi

ae a iage;

(3) A ic e 283, 284, a d 289, c (4) A ic e 838, a h i i g he (5) A ic e 1359 (6) A ic e 476 (7) A ic e 2029 1369, e a i e

ce i g he ba e f a i he ef ai

f f i egi i a e fi ia i eii fi f he e a e ;

481, eg a i g ac i 2031, hich a e de ig ed i i ha a

ie i e; ec f he ei he acc i e .( ) e ca e b ed i ac a i ed h he g e e di g he da e

A icle 2267. The f i g hi C de bec e effec i e:

(1) A ic e 29, Re a i e ci i a ec i bee ed be d ea ab e d b ; (2) A ic e 33, c ce i g ca e f defa a i

d ha hi g i ha

, f a d, a d h

ica i j ie . ( )

A icle 2268. S i be ee e be ha be e ded, de ch e gh , , i ca e f ega e a a i A icle 2269. The a ied ca e i ci e ecifica

f he a e fa i hich a e e di g a he i e hi C de g e i effec a he c a de e i e, i de ha c i e a be ea e ceedi g , f he e f effec i g, if ib e, a ec ci ia i . ( ) a i i a e ba ed ha , b a a g , be

hich he ecedi g a i i eg a ed b he . (R e 13a)

REPEALING CLAUSE A icle 2270. The f i g a a d eg a i a e he eb e ea ed: hich a e i f ce ae , a he da e he hi e Ci i i a d

(1) Th e a a d i i C de bec e effec i e: (2) The g aa ; (3) The i i i i f he C de

f he Ci i C de f 1889 f C e ce g e i g

e hi , age c , i e

a , de

f he C de f Ci i P ced e e f c

e ci i

a fa a i c

i h hi C de; a d hich a e

(4) A a , Ac , a f Ac , i c i e i h hi C de. ( ) A ed: J e 18, 1949.

, e ec i e

de , a d ad i i

a i e eg a i

Foo no e * Ne , e ce 1. Ne , e ce
The La

a ic e 2164 a d 2165.

a ic e 2200, 2201, 2209, a d 2212.
hi P jec - A e a La F da i

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