Aries 1: A woman rises out of water, a seal rises and embraces her

T h e w o r d w o m a n d e s c e n d s f r o m t h e I n d o - E u r o p e a n ( I E ) r o o t g h w i bh which means both ‘shame’ and ‘pudenda.’1 Two other words descending from this root are wife a n d h u s s y ( a f e ma le a d u l t e r e r ). T h e w o r d r i s e s d e s c e n d s f r o m t he I E r o o t e r - 1 w h i c h m e a n s “ t o m o v e , s e t i n m o t i on . ” 2 A m o n g i t s p a r o n y m s a r e o r ig i n a l , o r ie n t , a bo r t , h o r m o n e , earnest, and rear (to care for a child or children d u r i n g t h e e a r l y st a g e s o f l i f e ), a s w e l l a s a r e a n d a r t — b ot h c o n j u g a t e s o f t he v e r b ‘t o b e . ’ The word out descends from the IE root udwhich means “ up , out.” Its paronyms include a b o u t , ca r o u se , e r sa t z , hu b r i s , o u t l a w , u t t e r , u t mo s t , a n d h y s t e r e s i s . 3 T h e w o r d w a t e r d e s c e n d s f r o m w e d - 1 w h i c h m e a n s “ wa t e r, w e t . ” 4 I t s p a r o n y m s i n c l u d e w e t , w a s h , w i n t e r , h y d r a n t , hy d r o u s , w h i s k e y , v o d k a , a n d h y d r o p s y . T h e n a m e s o f t w o f u r r y , a q u a t i c m a m ma ls a r e a l s o f o u n d a m o n g t h e p a r on y m s — o t t e r a n d n u t r i a . T h e w o r d s e a l d e s c e n d s f r o m t h e M i d d l e E n g li s h s e l e a n d t h e O l d E n g l i s h s e ol h . O n e o f i t s p a r o n y m s i s se l k i e , “ a c r e a t u r e o r sp i r i t i n S c o t t i s h a n d I r i s h f o l k l o r e t h a t h a s t h e f o r m o f a se a l b u t c a n a l s o a s s u m e h u m a n f o rm . ” 5 T h e w o r d e m b r a ce d e s c e n d s f r o m t h e r o o t m r e g h - u - w h i c h m e a n s “ s h o r t . ” 6 A m o n g i t s p a r o n y m s a re b r a s s e r i e o r br a , “ a ga r m e n t w o r n t o s u p p o r t a n d g i v e c o n t o u r t o a w o ma n ’ s b r e a st s ” 7 a n d b r a c h iu m , “ t h e

1 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European 2 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European 3 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European 4 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European 5 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/selkie 6 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European 7 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/entry/brassiere Starling Hunter © 2011 1

Roots, Roots, Roots, Roots,

p. p. p. p.

32 23 94 95

Roots, p. 56

u p p e r a r m f r o m s h o u l d e r t o e lb ow ” a n d “ a n a r m o r a h o m o l o g o u s a n a t o mi c a l s t r u c t ur e ” , e . g . a f l i p p e r or w i n g . 8 F i n a l l y , t he w o r d h e r d e s c e n d s f r om t h e I E r o o t k o - w h i c h m e a n s “ t h i s” a n d w h i c h i s t h e s t e m o f s e ve r a l p r o n o u n s s u c h a s h e , h e r , h im , h i s , etc.
9

O t h e r w o r d s d e s c e n d i n g f r o m t h i s r o o t i n c l u d e h in d ( l o c a t e d a t o r

f o r m i n g t h e b a c k or r e a r ; p o s t e r i o r ) , b e h i n d , h in d e r , a n d h i n d r a n ce . T H E M E S : T h e m o st o b v i o u s i n t e g r a t i n g t h e m e he r e c on c e r n s F E M A LE P H Y S I O L O G Y , S E XU A L I T Y , A N A TO M Y , a n d F O RM . T o re c a p :     T h e p a r o n y m s o f w o m a n i n c l u d e p u d e n d a (t h e e x t e rn a l ge n i t a l i a o f a w o m a n ), a s w e l l a s h u s sy a n d t h u s t h e a c t o f a d u l t e r y ; T h e p a r on y m s o f r i s e s i n c l u d e h o r mo n e , a b o r t io n a n d r e a r ; T h e p a r on y m s o f w a t e r i n c l u d e h y d r o p s y o r e de m a , o n e o f t h e m o st c o m m o n e f f e ct s o f p r e g n a n c y ; T h e p a r on y m s o f s e a l i n c l u d e s e l k i e , a m y t h i c a l cr e a t u r e t h a t c h a n g e s b e t w e e n s e a l a n d h u m a n f o r m ; e s s e n t i a ll y a C e l t i c mermaid; T h e p a r o n y m s o f e m b r a c e i n c l u d e b r a a n d b r a s s ie r e , a n d t h u s a w o m a n ’ s b r e a s t s, a s w e l l a s a r m s ; T h e p a r o n y m s o f h e r i n c l u d e h in d ( p o s t e r i o r ) , b e h i n d , a n d t h us informally, the buttocks; T h e p a r on y m s o f o u t i n c l u d e h y st e r e s i s w h i c h m e a n s “ t o la g behind” –and thus behind again. T h e p a r o n y m s o f ri s e s i n c l u d e c on j ug a t e s o f t he v e r b “ t o b e ” w h i l e t h e p a r o n y m s o f h e r i n c l u d e h in d — a n d s o on c e a g a i n , b e + h in d = b e h i n d o r t h e b u t t oc k s .

   

8 http://education.yahoo.com/reference/dictionary/ entry/brachium 9 Watkins, C. (2000), The American Heritage Dictionary of Indo European Roots, p. 43 Starling Hunter © 2011 2

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