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CIRCULATION

Vessels and Blood Functions

*Transport -___________, ___________, ___________________


*Communication - ______________
*Temperature _________________
*Immunity - _______________________(WBCs)
COMPONENTS
a. Fluid in which materials are dissolved --- ______________
b. Network of tubes or body spaces --- ___________________
2. Force for moving fluids -- _______________________
moving fluids --- HE
OPEN CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
Force for moving fluids --- OPEN CIRCULATORSYSTEM

*Blood is pumped into ___________________ under low pressure


*Blood mixes with ______________________ (body fluid)
*Not efficient system but is seen in ________, ________, and __________
CLOSED CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

*Blood is always contained in _____________________


*Blood ______________________ with interstitial fluid
*More efficient due to __________ __________ of materials
REVIEW

*Give 3 functions of a circulatory system?


*Give 3 components of a circulatory system?
Comparison of open and closed circulatory systems

BLOOD

*Blood is a ___________ __________ (related to tendons!)


*Body contains __________ L of blood
*_______ plasma, ________ formed elements (cells and fragments)
*The % of red blood cells in blood is called a _______________
PLASMA

*A __________coloured liquid; ____________ water


*contains dissolved ____, _______ , ________, ________, salt ions, __________
-

___________, hormones

FORMED ELEMENTS
ERYTHROCYTES

*red blood cells-________


*live only _____________
*transports ____________________(280 million per RBC)
*shape _____________________ surface area
*no _________________ in mature cells
LEUKOCYTES

*______________________-WBCs
*____________________ than RBCs (1 in 700)
*variety of types
*mature cells possess ________________________
*all blood cells are formed from __________________ in the ______________.
PLATELETS

*also known as ______________


*only cell ________________
*live about ________ days
*required for ______________ process in conjunction with clotting proteins.
BLOOD GROUPS

*__________ blood type system


*RBCs may have ________ __________ __________ on them called antigens
*there will also be specific _______________ present in the blood
*example: if an A antibody is present in the serum, then any RBCs with A antigen would be
attacked by this antibody

*__________________________usually results in clotting and death


REVIEW

*What are the two components of blood?


*Give 3 components of formed elements.
*What blood types can safely receive A type blood? Why?
BLOOD VESSELS
ARTERIES

*___________ walled, muscular and _____________


*lead _________ from the heart
*smaller branches called _______________

VEINS

*__________ walled, less muscular but quite elastic


*lead ____________the heart
*possess ______________________________
*smaller branches called __________
VALVE FUNCTION IN VEINS

*Venous valves and skeletal muscle work together in a ________________ system to move
blood _________________
CAPILLARIES

*___________ celled
*site of _______________ (gases, nutrients, wastes)
*RBCs travel through _______________________
*highly branched
*connect ______________ system to ______________ system
VESSEL DISORDERS
ATHEROSCLEROSIS

*accumulation of fat deposits (____________) along the inner walls of arteries


*artery walls thicken, ____________and lose their elasticity
*both cause a________________________, higher blood pressures, and possible blockage of
blood vessels.
VARICOSE VEINS

*______________ in veins prevent back flow of blood


*poor circulation may cause some valves to be damaged and blood

__________________________________________

*surface veins _______________ (looks gross)


REVIEW

*In what ways do arteries differ from veins?


*Why do capillaries need to be so thin?
*Give one disorder each for arteries & veins.