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ESSAY ON ACID RAIN


Great amount of pollution from cars, factories and an overabundance of garbage is overwhelming the modern society. The immense amounts of sulphur dioxide emitted into the air causes high levels of acid in the atmosphere. When this sulphuric acid is absorbed into moisture in the air, poignant rainfalls can be damaging to the external environment.

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Lakes, air and ecosystem the world over are being destroyed by acid rain. Acid rain is killing lakes and decreasing the number of inhabitants in these fresh water bodies. As with sulphur dioxide in rain, mercury is also discharged into the water. Acid rain causes traumatic effects in natural lakes and rivers. It also causes air quality to deteriorate. In the air nitrogen oxides react with ozone and some hydrocarbons in the presence of sunlight to form photochemical smog, the kind of yellow-grey haze which it literally alive and growing in stagnant air masses. This smog carries serious risk for respiratory disease and crop damage. Another effect of acid rain is the disruption in the life span of trees and plants. Naturally, the reduction of plants is causing the biological food chain to weaken. Thus acid rain causes death of soil, plants and animals, effecting the ecosystem. Acid rain is becoming a major problem in our environment today. It is killing our fresh water lakes and its occupants. Also the quality of air is depleting, increasing the amount of smog and pollution in our atmosphere. Once the acid is absorbed in the soil, this puts the ecosystem in jeopardy of extinction. This is killing plants, animal, and soil, which is the basis of our existence. If this acid rain problem is not dealt with urgently, the natural world may be in hazard of demise.

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ESSAY ON GLOBAL WARMING


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Global warming is defined as the increase of the average temperature on earth. This increase in the earths temperatures is the cause of natural disasters like hurricanes, floods and droughts which are becoming increasingly frequent all over the world. Carbon dioxide, released by the use of chemicals and the burning of fossil fuels, is the chief culprit in global warming. High levels of carbon dioxide trap heat in the atmosphere. This can play havoc with the climate of a region.

Global warming can cause many natural disasters. Prolonged and widespread droughts caused by soil moisture evaporation, heavy floods due to ocean evaporation, very severe storms, melting of glaciers which again lead to floods, are just some of them. There will be more hurricanes and cyclones in many parts of the world. But that is not all. Disease causing parasites thrive in warmer climes. They include ticks and mosquitoes. This will lead to dangerous epidemics. Four factors help us to resist germs. They are colder winters, colder nights, stable climates and rich biodiversity. But global warming threatens all these. It has also led to more deaths from heat waves, shellfish poisoning and more cases of cholera and kidney stones. New ways of agriculture have also contributed to this problem. The melting of glaciers threatens the survival of animals that live in the Polar Regions. According to scientists, sea levels have risen 17 cm during the 20th century. To prevent the dangers posed by global warming we have to reduce our consumption of fossil fuels drastically as the first measure. Energy efficiency is the order of the day. Vehicles, buildings, appliances, etc. must display high standards of energy efficiency. Renewable energy sources like solar and wind power must be popularized. We should grow more trees and rely more on sustainable development. Such measures are the need of the hour.

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