Bow-tie Analysis

It is diagrammatic representations of hazardous events are often expected by governmental regulators as part of risk management in safety case submissions; these are known as bow-tie diagrams. The technique is also used by organisations and regulators in mining, aviation, health, defence, industrial and finance. Bow-tie diagrams are a simple and effective tool for communicating risk assessment results to employees at all levels. The diagrams clearly display the links between the potential causes, preventative and mitigative controls and consequences of a major accident. Bow-tie diagrams may be used to display the results of various types of risk assessments and are useful training aids. Bowtie diagrams may also be integrated with semi-quantitative analysis techniques such as Layers of Protections Analysis (LOPA) depending on the level of complexity required. The general structure of a bow-tie diagram is represented in the diagram below. Provides an idea on the relationships between CEMP of an adverse event; Enhances connection of risk controls to Management system; Combination of FTA & ETA on its left and right respectively and undesired event in the middle; Benefits: Easy to understand, no tech knowledge required, often used for accident investigation. Later to Piper Alpha disaster, most of the companies have integrated Bow-Tie methodology in their business practices. (Eg. Page 52 rms; page 59 text)

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